Today in the Past
1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights.
1621 - King James of England gives Canada to Sir Alexander Sterling
1677 - John & Nicolaas van der Heyden patents fire extinguisher
1745 - Battle at Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats English army
1776 - 5 days after British take NY, a ¼ of city burns down
1837 - Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry & china stores
1860 - In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.
1872 - John Henry Conyers of SC becomes 1st black student at Annapolis
1895 - 1st auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
1898 - China’s empress-mother Ci Xi & emperor De Zong arrested
1913 - 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
1915 - CH Chubb buys Stonehenge for £6,600
1930 - Johann Ostermeyer patents flashbulb
1937 - J. R. R. Tolkien’s “The Hobbit” is published
1955 - Rocky Marciano KOs Archie Moore in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
1961 - Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
1964 - Constellation (US) beats Sovereign (England) in 20th America’s Cup
1964 - The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world’s first Mach 3 bomber, made its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
1970 - “Monday Night Football” premieres on ABC – Browns 31, Jets 21
1972 - Marcos declares martial law in Philippines
1974 - US Mariner 10 makes 2nd fly-by of Mercury
2001 - Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.
2003 - Galileo mission terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter’s atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.
2008 - Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, the two last remaining independent investment banks on Wall Street, become bank holding companies as a result of the subprime mortgage crisis.
2008 - The final home game is played at Yankee Stadium against the Baltimore Orioles.
1328 - Hongwu Emperor of China (d. 1398)
1372 - Frederik I van Hohenzollern, monarch of Brandenburg (1417-40)
1411 - Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (d. 1460)
1415 - Frederick III, Innsbruck Austria, German Emperor (1440-1493)
1428 - Jingtai Emperor of China (d. 1457
1737 - Francis Hopkinson, US, writer/lawyer (helped design Stars & Stripes)
1840 - Murad V, sultan of Turkey (1876)
1886 - Teiichi Igarashi, Japan, climed Mt Fuji at age 99
1914 - John Kluge, Chemnitz Germany, media CEO (Metromedia)/billionaire
1926 - Donald A Glaser, physicist (Nobel-1960)
1932 - Don Preston, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)
1935 - Henry Gibson, Germantown Pa, comedian (Nashville, Laugh-In’s poet)
1941 - R. James Woolsey, Jr., Central Intelligence Agency director
1945 - Richard Childress, NASCAR team owner
1957 - Ethan Coen, Minneapolis Mn, producer (Miller’s Crossing, Barton Fink)
1967 - Faith Hill, American singer
1327 - Edward II, king of England (1307-1327), assassinated at 43
1397 - Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (executed) (b. 1346)
1798 - George Read, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 65
1860 - Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)
1904 - Chief Joseph, US indian chief (Nez Perces), dies
1906 - Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1838)
1947 - Harry Carey Sr, actor/director (Red River, Sundown), dies at 69
1956 - Anastasio Somoza, Nicaraguan dictator, assassinated by Roliberto Lopez
1974 - Jacqueline Susann, author (Valley of the Dolls), dies of cancer at 53
1979 - John McQuade, actor (Charlie Wild Private Detective), dies at 73
1988 - Robert Gwathmey, artist, dies at 85
1998 - Florence Griffith Joyner, American athlete (b. 1959)
2007 - Alice Ghostley, American actress (b. 1926)