Today in the Past

 

Events

 

331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.

 

704 – Aengibald gives away bishop Willibrord estate in Waalre

1189 – Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.

1574 – -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers

1661 – Yachting begins in England; King Charles II beats his brother James

1746 – Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France

1768 – English troops under general Gauge lands in Boston

1814 – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
1827 – The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
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1843 – News of the World began publication in London.

1847 – Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet

1847 – German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.

1854 – The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.

1867 – Karl Marx’ “Das Kapital,” published

1880 – John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band

1888 – National Geographic magazine publishes for 1st time

1890 – Congress creates Weather Bureau

1890 – Yosemite National Park forms

1891 – In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.

1892 – University of Chicago opens

1893 – 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)

1898 – Henry Huntington buys LA Railway

1907 – Plaza Hotel (5th Av & 59th Str, NY) opens

1908 – Henry Ford introduces Model T car (costs $825)

1910 – Berkshire Cattle Fair held in Pittsfield Mass (1st state fair)

1910 – Explosion at LA Times kills 21

1918 – World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a “Lawrence of Arabia”) capture Damascus.

1920 – Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.

1924 – Fokker F-7 1st flight (Amsterdam to Batavia)

1926 – An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.

1931 – The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.

1933 – Packers make 5 1st downs, Giants make 0, but still win 10-7

1936 – Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain

1940 – Pennsylvania Turnpike, pioneer toll thruway, opens

1945 – Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army

1945 – US Office of Strategic Serbia (OSS) disbands

 

1947 – The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time

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1950 – South Korean troops cross 38th parallel into North Korea

1951 – 24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black military unit, deactivated

 

1955 – “Honeymooners” premieres

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1957 – B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack

1957 – First appearance of “In God We Trust” on U.S. paper currency.

1958 – Inauguration of NASA

1958 – Vanguard Project transferred from military to NASA

1958 – NASA created to replace NACA.

1961 – A believed extinct volcanco erupts in Tristan da Cunha

1961 – Roger Maris sets record of 61 HRs (off of Tracy Stallard)

1962 – Johnny Carson hosts his 1st Tonight Show, Joan Crawford guests

1962 – Lucy Show premieres

1967 – Pink FLoyd’s 1st US tour (arrives in NYC)

1968 – “Night of the Living Dead” premieres in Pittsburgh

1970 – 63 arrest in riot to buy Rolling Stone tickets in Milano Italy

1974 – Watergate cover-up trial opens in Wash DC

1975 – Muhammad Ali TKOs Joe Frazier in 15 for heavyweight boxing title in “The Thrilla in Manila”

1979 – US returns Canal Zone to Panama after 75 years (but not the canal)

1982 – EPCOT Center opens in Orlando Florida

1984 – Gary Trudeau’s Doonesbury comic strip resumes after 2-year hiatus

1985 – Israeli air raid on PLO-headquarter at Tunis, 68 killed

1987 – 6 killed by an earthquake measuring 6.1 in LA

1989 – Thousands of East Germans flee to West Germany

1989 – US issues a stamp, labeling an apatosaurus as a brontosaurus

1990 – 10,000 Uganda RPF rebels move into Rwanda

1990 – Meteorite explode above Pacific Ocean

1991 – Howard Stern adds Baltimore to his radio network (WJFK-AM)

1992 – Cartoon Cable Network premieres

1992 – Ross Perot re-enters presidental race

1998 – Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.

2000 – Juan Antonio Samaranch, the chairman of the IOC declares Sydney the “best Olympic Games ever”

2000 – United States retain Basketball’s Olympic gold medal defeating France 85-75

2000 – United States wins the most medals (97), and the most gold medals (40) in Summer Olympics held in Sydney, Australia

2005 – Bombing kills 23 people in Bali.
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BIRTHS

 

1207 – Henry III, king of England (1216-72)

1507 – Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (d. 1573)

1730 – Richard Stockton, US attorney/signer (Decl of Independence) 

 

1781 – James Lawrencenaval hero (War of 1812-“Don’t give up the ship!”)

 

1799 – Rufus Choate, US, lawyer (Hall of Fame)

1800 – Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish-born botanist and founder of Laestadianism (d. 1861)

1870 – Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer/inventor (grape-shot shells)

1881 – William Edward Boeing, founded aircraft co (Boeing)

1893 – Yip Man, Martial Arts Master d.(1972)

1903 – “Slapsie” Maxie Rosenbloom, NYC, light-heavyweight box champ (1932-34)

1904 – Vladimir Horowitz, Kiev Ukraine, pianist (Carmen)

 

1910 – Bonnie ParkerRowenaTexasoutlaw (Bonnie and Clyde), (d. 1934)

 

 

1920 – Walter Matthau, NYC, actor (Odd Couple, Bad News Bears)

1921 – James Whitmore, White Plains NY, actor (Give ‘em Hell Harry)

1924 – Jimmy Earl Carter, Plains Ga, (D) 39th Pres (1977-1981)

1924 – William Rehnquist, Ws, Supreme Court (1972-86)/chief justice (1987- )

1926 – Roger Williams, American pianist

1927 – Tom Bosley, Chicago, actor (Howard-Happy Days, Murder She Wrote)

1928 – George Peppard, Detroit Mich, actor (Banacek, A-Team, Blue Max)

1928 – Laurence Harvey, [Larushka Skine], actor (Alamo, Romeo & Juliet)

1930 – Frank Gardner, Australian racing driver

1931 – Reginald Hall, endocrinologist

 

1932 – Albert CollinsLeona TXblues guitarist (FrostyShowdown)

Iceman                Dirty Dishes                               Cold Cold Feeling with Gary Moore

I Ain’t Drunk         Stormy Monday with BB King      Further On Down The Road with Roy Buchanan

Travelin’ South      Master Charge                            Sweet Little Angel with BB , Buddy Guy , Jeff & Eric

 

 

1935 – Julie Andrews, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, actress/singer (Sound of Music, Mary Poppins)

1936 – Charles G Fullerton, Rochester, NY, astronaut (STS-3, 51F)

1936 – Edward Villella, Bayside Queens, ballet dancer (NYC Ballet)

1936 – Stella Stevens, Yazoo City Miss, actress (Girls! Girls!, Manitou)

1943 – Jim Martini, rocker (Sly & Family Stone-Everyday People)

1945 – Donny Hathaway, Chicago, singer/songwriter (Where is the Love)

1945 – Rod Carew, baseball slugger (AL Rookie of Year 1967)

1945 – Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)

1947 – Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (Shocking Blue)

 

1950 – Randy QuaidHouston Txactor (Midnight ExpressVacationSaturday Night Live)

 

 

1953 – Greta Andersen Waitz, Oslo Norway, marathoner (NYC – 1984)

1957 – Brad MacDonald, race horse trainer

1959 – Youssou N’dour, Senegalese singer (Shaking the tree)

1963 – Mark McGwire, 1st baseman (AL rookie of year 1988, Oakland A’s, Cards)

1964 – Kristi Atkinson, Van Nuys Ca, WP volleyballer (Best of Beach-6th-1994)

1964 – Harry Hill, British comedian

 

1965 – Cindy Margolis Model

 

 

1973 – Rodney Kite-Powell, historian

1973 – Jana Henke, German swimmer

1975 – Eric Morel, PR, US flyweight boxer (Olympics-96)

1977 – Jeffrey van Hooydonk, Belgian race car driver

1978 – Andrew JC Jackson, Australian surf lifesaver

1982 – Harry Lawrence, Bath born Entrepreneur

1985 – Revazi Zintiridis, Greek judoka

 

 

DEATHS

 

290 – [Christian] Bacchus, roman soldier/martyred saint, killed

552 – Teja, king of Ostrogoten, dies in battle

976 – Al-Hakam II, Moors kalief of Cordoba, dies

1189 – Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar

1404 – Boniface IX, [Pietro Tomacelli], Pope (1389-1404), dies

1570 – Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)

1838 – Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (b. 1768)

 

1864 – Rose GreenhowAmerican Confederate spy (b. 1817)

 

 

1876 – James Lick, California land baron (b. 1796)

1913 – Eugene O’Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)

1943 – Antoine T Broekman, resistance fighter, executed at 32
1943 – Anton JT Koreman, resistance fighter, executed at 27
1943 – Antoon Pleyte, resistance fighter, executed at 26
1943 – Dionysius Remiens, resistance fighter, executed at 24
1943 – Earnest Klijzing, resistance fighter, executed
1943 – Gideon Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 22
1943 – Hans Katan, resistance fighter, executed at 24
1943 – Henri H Geul, resistance fighter, executed at 27
1943 – Johan Kalshoven, resistance fighter, executed at 20
1943 – Johan Roemer, resistance fighter, executed at 22
1943 – Johan van Mierlo, resistance fighter, executed at 35
1943 – John Charles Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 23
1943 – Leo Frijda, resistance fighter, executed at 20
1943 – Louis Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 21
1943 – Maarten van/of Gilse, resistance fighter, executed at 27
1943 – Olaf T Thomsen, resistance fighter, executed at 23
1943 – Peter “Pam” Pooters, resistance fighter, executed at 32
1943 – Sape Kuiper, resistance fighter, executed at 19
1943 – Victor van Swieten, resistance fighter, executed at 36
1943 – Walter Brandligt, literature/resistance fighter, executed at 42

1945 – Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73

1965 – Edward E “Doc” Smith, US, sci-fi writer (Subspace encounter), dies

1970 – Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (b. 1893)

 

1972 – Louis LeakeyEnglish anthropologistdies at 68

 

 

1975 – Al Jackson, rock drummer (Booker T & The MG’s), dies at 39

1985 – E B White, US author (New Yorker, Charlotte’s Web), dies at 86

 

1990 – Curtis E LeMayUSAF General/VP candidatedies at 83

 

 

1992 – Bruce Vorhauer, inventor (Today contraceptive sponge), suicide at 50

1994 – Scott Dunbar, bluse vocalist/guitarist, dies at 90

1995 – Aditya Biria, industrialist, dies at 50

2000 – Reginald Kray, British gangster (b. 1933)

2002 – Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (b. 1908)

2004 – Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)

2004 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician (Buffalo Springfield) (b. 1946)

2007 – Harry Lee, Sheriff of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana (b. 1932)

 

2007 – Al OerterAmerican discus thrower (b. 1936) (Olympics-gold-56606468dies aged 71

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