Today in the Past

 

Events

 

694 – Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Moslems/sentenced to slavery

1282 – Pope Martinus IV excommunicates king Pedro III of Aragonorth

1313 – Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gamelsdorf.

 

 

1330 – Battle of Posada, Wallachian Voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush

 

 

 

1494 – Family de’ Medici become rulers of Florence

1580 – Spanish troops lands in Ireland

1764 – Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.

1794 – Russian troops occupy Warsaw

1799 – Napoleon becomes dictator (1st consul) of France

1821 – 1st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia

1848 – Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.

1853 – Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun

1857 – Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published

1864 – Sherman issues preliminary plans for his “March to the Sea”

 

 

1872 – The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed

 

 

 

1877 – American Chemical Society chartered in NY

1888 – Jack Ripper’s 5th & last probably last victim, Mary Jane Kelly, found on her bed

1899 – Boerenaanval up Ladysmith, Natal, attack

1904 – 1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes

 

 

1913 – StormFreshwater Furysinks 8 ore-carriers on Great Lakes

 

 

 

1915 – Italian liner Ancona sinks by German torpedos, killing 272

1918 – Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in WW I

1923 – Beer Hall Putsch-Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die/Hitler flees

1924 – Miriam (Ma) Ferguson becomes 1st elected woman governor (of Texas)

1925 – German NSDAP form SS

1927 – Giant Panda discovered, China

1930 – 1st nonstop airplane flight from NY to Panama

1932 – Hurricane storm wave sweeps over Santa Cruz del Sur Cuba kills 2,500

1932 – Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60.

1935 – Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) labor union forms

1938 – Al Capp, cartoonist of Lil’ Abner creates Sadie Hawkins Day

 

 

1938 – Kristallnacht, Nazi Germany’s first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins.

 

 

 

1939 – “Ninotchka,” with Greta Garbo premieres

1939 – Nobel for physics awarded to Ernest O Lawrence (cyclotron)

1939 – Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 English agents

1944 – Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize

1946 – Pres Harry Truman ends wage/price freeze

1961 – USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 30,970m

1963 – 450 die in a coal-dust explosion & 160 die in train crash (Japan)

1965 – 1st NY Knick game postponed (black-out) vs St Louis

 

 

1965 – 5:16 PM, massive power failure in New Engl, & Ontario (NY blackout)

 

 

 

1967 – 1st unmanned Saturn V flight to test Apollo 4 reentry module

1967 – Surveyor 6 soft lands on Moon

1970 – Trial of Seattle 8 anti-war protesters begins

1971 – John List kills family & moves to Colorado

1973 – Fire at Taiyo dept store, kills 101 & injures 84 (Kumamoto Japan)

1980 – Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declares holy war against Iran

1982 – Sugar Ray Leonard retires for 1st time

1983 – Amsterdam brewer Freddie Heineken kidnapped

1984 – Larry Holmes TKOs Bonecrusher Smith in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

 

 

1984 – Vietnam Veterans Memorial (“3 Servicemen”) completed

 

 

 

1985 – Gary Kasparov becomes world chess champion

1985 – Surprise attack on Belgium supermarket in Aalst, 8 killed

1989 – East Berlin opens its borders

1993 – Serbian army fires on school in Sarajevo, 9 children died

 

 

1993 – Stari most, the “old bridge” in Bosnian Mostar built in 1566, collapses after several days of bombing.

 

 

 

1994 – The chemical element Darmstadtium is discovered.

1998 – Brokerage houses are ordered to pay 1.03 billion USD to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for their price-fixing. This is the largest civil settlement in United States history.

1998 – Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences.

2003 – A suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.

2004 – Video game Halo 2 a first person shooter first released on Xbox by Bungie Studios

2005 – Suicide bombers attacked three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing at least 60 people.

2005 – The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency is launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

2009 – Joe Cada becomes the youngest champion of the World Series of Poker’s main event.

 

 

Births

 

1389 – Isabella of Valois, queen consort of England (d. 1409)

1414 – Albrecht III Achilles, elector of Brandenburg (d. 1486)

1467 – Charles of Egmond, duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen [or Nov 10]

1522 – Martin Chemnitz, German theologian (d. 1586)

1541 – Menso Alting, Dutch reformed vicar/theologist

1656 – Paul Aler, French jesuit/poet (Gradus ad Parnassum)

1731 – Benjamin Banneker, Ellicott Md, black mathematician/surveyor (Wash DC)

1799 – Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden (d. 1877)

1802 – Elijah P Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher/abolitionist

1809 – Albert Taylor Bledsoe, Asst Secy War (Confederacy), died in 1877

1810 – Thomas Bragg, Atty Gen (Confederacy), died in 1872

1810 – Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1887)

1812 – Paul Abadie, French master builder (renovated Notre Dame)

1817 – Edward Richard Sprigg Canby, Major General (Union volunteers)

1818 – Ivan Turgenev, Russia, novelist/poet/playwright (Fathers & Sons) [NS]

1823 – William Henry Forney, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894

 

 

1825 – Ambrose Powell Hill, Lt Gen (Confederate 3rd Army Corp), died in 1865

 

 

 

 

1835 – Emile Gaboriau, author (father of French detective novels)

1841 – [Albert] Edward VII, king of England (1901-10)

1850 – Lewis Lewin, Germany, toxicologist/father of psychopharmacologist

 

 

1853 – Stanford White, American architect (d. 1906)

 

 

 

1869 – Marie Dressler, [Leila M Koerber], Ontario, actress (Caught Short)

1871 – Florence Sabin, scientist/1st woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins

1873 – Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist (d. 1941)

1885 – Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (d. 1955)

1885 – Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (d. 1954)

1886 – Ed Wynn, [Isaiah Edwin Leopold], Phila Pa, comedian (Ed Wynn Show)

1895 – Mae Marsh, Madrid NM, silent film actress (Birth of a Nation)

1897 – Ronald G W Norrish, British chemist (Nobel 1967)

1901 – John Norrie McArthur, malariologist/microscopist

1903 – Gregory Pincus, inventor (birth control pill) [or Apr 9]

1906 – Arthur Rudolph, rocket engineer

 

 

1913 – Hedy Lamarr, Vienna Austria, actress , Inventor , (Ecstacy, Samson & Delilah)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1915 – Sargent Shriver, MD, Dem VP candidate (1972)/directed Peace Corp

1918 – Spiro Theodore Agnew, (R) 39th VP (1968-75), crook

1918 – Choi Hong Hi, Founder of Taekwon-Do (d. 2002)

1918 – Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima (d. 2000)

1920 – Byron de la Beckwith, American assassin, white supremacist (d. 2001)

1921 – Viktor Chukarin, USSR, gymnist (Olympic-gold-1952, 56)

1923 – Alice [Davis] Coachman, Albany Ga, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1948)

 

 

1923 – Dorothy Dandridge, Cleveland OH, actress/singer/dancer (Porgy & Bess)

I Got Rhythm

Mini Biography

Tamango

Face of an Angel-A Tribute

 

 

 

1924 – Robert Frank, Swiss Photographer

1925 – Sir Alistair Horne, British historian

1926 – Dominguín, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1996)

1928 – Anne Sexton, Newton Mass, poet (Live or Die; Pulitzer 1967)

1929 – Marc Favreau, French Canadian humourist (d. 2005)

1929 – Imre Kertész, Budapest, concentration camp survivor, writer, Nobel laureate (2002)

1931 – Whitey Herzog, baseball manager (St Louis Cardinals)

1932 – Carl Perkins, singer (Blue Suede Shoes)

 

 

1934 – Carl Sagan, Bkln, astronomer/author/professor (Cosmos, Broca’s Brain)

Cosmos: A Personal Voyage

 

 

 

1934 – Ingvar Carlsson, PM of Sweden (1986-91, 94- )

1935 – Bob Gibson, Cardinal pitcher (Cy Young/NL MVP 1968)

1936 – Mary Travers, Louisville Ky, folk singer (Peter Paul & Mary)

1941 – Tom Fogerty, Berkeley Cal, rocker (Creedence Clearwater Revival), (d. 1990)

1942 – Stuart Lipton, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire

1948 – Alan Gratzer, Syracuse NY, rock drummer (Reo Speedwagon)

1948 – Sharon Stouder, US, 100m butterfly swimmer (Olympic-gold-1964)

1951 – Bill Mantlo, American comic book writer

1954 – Dennis Stratton, London England, rock guitarist (Iron Maiden)

1959 – Sito Pons, Spanish motorbike racer

1964 – Leah Pells, Vancouver BC, 1.5k runner (Olympics-96)

1965 – Todd Gill, Cardinal, NHL defenseman (Toronto Maple Leafs)

1966 – Stefen Edberg, Sweden, tennis star

1967 – Scott Bianco, Kamloops BC, 90 kg freestyle wrestler (Olympics-96)

1968 – Nazzareno Carusi, Italian pianist

1970 – Chantal Brunner, Wellington NZ, long jumper (Olympics-96)

 

 

1970 – Susan Tedeschi, American Blues Musician , Guitarist

Little by Little

Key to the Highway

Don’t Think Twice

Gonna Move

 

 

 

1973 – Nick Lachey, American singerd rapper

1978 – Steven Lopez, American taekwondo martial artist

1978 – Sisqó, American singer (Dru Hill)

1980 – Vanessa Minillo, Filipino television personality

1980 – Dominique Maltais, Quebec snowboarder

1996 – Cheyenne Pyle, California, youngest heart transplant patient (90 mins old)

 

Deaths

 

959 – Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, Byzantine Emperor (913-59), dies

1068 – Agnes of Poitou, duchess of Aquitania/mother of German Empress, dies

1187 – Emperor Gaozong of China (b. 1107)

1208 – Sancha of Castile, wife of Alfonso II of Aragon (b. 1155)

1504 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)

1623 – William Camden, English historian: Brittania/Annales,

1677 – Aert van der Neer, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 73

1809 – Paul Sandby, English cartographer (b. 1725)

1862 – John Bordenave Villepigue, US Confederate brig-gen, dies at 32

 

 

1881 – Edwin Drake, Father of the oil industry, drilled the first oil well.

 

 

 

 

1911 – Howard Pyle, American , Illustrator , author (b. 1853)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – Henry Cabot Lodge, American Senator (b. 1850)

1927 – Ole Olsen, composer, dies at 77

1938 – Vasily Blyukher, Soviet military commander (b.1889)

1939 – Dirk Klop, Dutch intelligence lt, shot by German Abwehr

1944 – Frank Marshall, American chess player (b. 1877)

1952 – Chaim Weizmann, bio-chemist/1st president Israel, dies at 77

1953 – Abdul-Aziz ibn Sa’ud, founder of Saudi Arabia, dies at about 73

 

 

1953 – Dylan Thomas, author-poet (Adv in skin trade), dies in NY at 39

 

 

 

 

1959 – Frederick Preston Search, composer, dies at 70

1970 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (1958-69), dies at 79

1988 – John Mitchell, former Atny Gen, dies of heart attack in Washington

1991 – Yves Montand, actor (Idol, Grand Prix), dies of a heart attack at 7

1992 – Charles Fraser-Smith, English inventor (man who never was), dies

1992 – William Hillcourt, author (Boy Scout Handbook), dies at 92

1993 – Stanley Myers, English movie composer (Deer Hunter), dies at 63

1994 – Milton M Shorty Rajonsky Rogers, trumpeter, dies at 70

2001 – Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (b. 1924)

 

 

2003 – Art Carney, American actor (b. 1918)(see UE Births 11/04)

 

 

 

 

2006 – Ed Bradley, American journalist (b. 1941)

2006 – Markus Wolf, East German Intelligence Director (b. 1923)

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