Today in the Past

 

 

Events

 

13 – General Tiberius’ (later Emperor) triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany

534 – A second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus is published.

1380 – French King Charles VI declares no taxes for ever

 

 

 

1384 – Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1532 – Pizarro captures Incan emperor Atahualpa after victory at Cajamarca

 

 

 

1632 – Battle at Lutzen: Sweden beats imperial armies under Von Wallenstein

 

 

 

 

 

 

1676 – 1st colonial prision organized, Nantucket Mass

1677 – French troops occupy Freiburg

1764 – Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac

1776 – 1st gun salute for an American warship in a foreign port – US Andrew Doria at Ft St Eustatius

 

 

 

1776 – British troops captured Fort Washington during American Revolution

 

 

 

 

 

 

1798 – Kentucky becomes 1st state to nullify an act of Congress

1801 – 1st edition of New York Evening Post

1805 – Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French

1835 – Charles Darwins voyage published in Cambridge Philosophical Society

1841 – Life preservers made of cork are patented by Napoleon Guerin (NYC)

1849 – A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.

1863 – Battle of Campbell’s Station TN, 492 casualities

1864 – Confederate retreat at Lovejoy, Georgia

1875 – Battle at Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians

1885 – Canadian rebel leader of the Métis and “Father of Manitoba”, Louis Riel is executed for treason aged 41.

1894 – 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan

1894 – French capt Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki West Africa

1901 – 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds

1907 – Oklahoma becomes the United States 46th state

 

 

 

1914 – Federal Reserve System formally opens

 

 

 

 

 

 

1916 – USSR La Satannaya ammunitions factory explodes, killing 1,000

1917 – British occupy Tel Aviv & Jaffa

1919 – Admiral Horthy conquerors Budapest from Béla Kuns Soviet Republic

1920 – Australia’s Qantas airways founded in Winton, Queensland as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited

1933 – Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR

1936 – German air force begins bombing of Madrid

1938 – LSD is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.

1939 – Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail

1939 – German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland

1940 – World War II: In response to Germany’s leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.

1941 – German troops conquer Kertsh (probably)

1942 – Assault of US B-17 Flying Fortresses on airport at Sidi Ahmed

1943 – World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.

1944 – US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen

1945 – Yeshiva College (Univesity), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College

1945 – UNESCO is founded.

1947 – 15,000 demonstrate in Brussels against mild sentence of nazis

1948 – Operation Magic Carpet – 1st plane from Yemen carrying Jews to Israel

1955 – 1st speed-boat to exceed 200 mph (322 kph) (D M Campbell)

1955 – Johnny Cash made his 1st chart appearance with “Cry Cry Cry”

1957 – Celtic Bill Russell sets NBA record of 49 rebounds beat Phila 111-89

1962 – Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 73 points vs NY Knicks

1963 – Touch-tone telephone introduced

1965 – Venera 3 launched, 1st to land on another planet (crashes into Venus)

 

 

 

1965 – Walt Disney launches Epcot Center: Prototype Community of Tomorrow

 

 

 

 

 

 

1966 – Dr Sam Sheppard freed after 9 years in jail, by a jury

1966 – Pirates outfielder Roberto Clemente is named NL MVP

1969 – 1968 massacre of civilians at My lai S Vietnam, by US is 1st reported

1973 – Pres Nixon authorizes construction of Alaskan pipeline

1973 – Skylab 4 launched into Earth orbit

1974 – 1st intentional interstellar radio message sent, Arecibo telescope towards M 41, a cluster of stars some 25,000 light years away

1976 – René Levesque’s “Parti Québécois” wins elections in Quebec

1976 – Rick Barry (SF), ends then longest NBA free throw streak of 60

1982 – Space Shuttle Columbia completes its 1st operational flight

1988 – Benazir Bhutto wins 1st free Pakistani elections in 11 years

1988 – Estonia declares sovereignty in internal affairs

1988 – Jose Canseco is 1st unanimous AL MVP since Reggie Jackson

1988 – Pakistan’s Benazir Bhutto’s PPP wins parliamentary election

1989 – 6 Jesuit priests are killed by El Salvadorian troops

1993 – Russian President Yeltsin shuts Lenin museum

1997 – After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People’s Republic of China releases Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.

 

 

 

 

Births

 

 

42 BC – Tiberius, Roman Emperor (d. 37 AD)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1436 – Leonardo Loredan, Doge of the Republic of Venice (d. 1521)

1569 – Paul Sartorius, composer

1642 – Cornelis Evertsen the Younger, Dutch buccaneer/lt admiral of Zeeland

1643 – Jean Chardin, French explorer (d. 1703)

1717 – Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d’Alembert, French Enlightenment philosophe/mathematician (Encyclopédie), (d. 1783)

1730 – Gualtherius “Wouter” van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician

1758 – Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (d. 1841)

1822 – Charles Smith Hamilton, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891

1835 – Elliott Warren Rice, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1887

1836 – David Kalakaua of Hawaii, Hawaiian king (d. 1891)

1841 – Jules Violle, French physicist (d. 1923)

 

 

 

1873 – William Christopher Handy, Alabama, jazz/bluesman (St Louis Blues) (d. 1958)

 

Memphis Blues

Ole Miss Rag

A Bunch O Blues

ST LOUIS BLUES

 

 

 

 

1887 – Philip Frohman, US architect

1889 – George S Kaufman, Pittsburgh Pa, playwright (This is Show Business)

1890 – George Seldes, journalist

1892 – Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (d. 1978)

1892 – Tazio Nuvolari, Italian racing driver (d. 1953)

1893 – Cornelis J van der Klauw, Dutch biologist/zoologist

1894 – Mabel Normand, [Muriel Fortescue], Boston MA, comedienne (Mickey)

1895 – Eduard Bagritsky, [Dzhubin], Russ poet/journalist (South-West)

1899 – Mary Margaret McBride, Paris Mo, radio personality (WOR-AM, NYC)

1904 – Eddie Condon, Goodland Ind, jazz guitarist (Eddie Condon’s Floor Show)

1907 – Burgess Meredith, Cleveland Ohio, actor (Mr Novak, The Penguin in Batman, Rocky), (d. 1997)

1916 – Daws Butler, Toledo OH, animation voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound)

1922 – Royal Dano, NYC, actor (Red Badge of Courage, Cocaine Wars, House II)

1922 – Gene Amdahl, American computer scientist

1924 – Mel Patton, American athlete

1930 – Alice Adams, sculptor

1931 – Luciano Bottaro, Italian comic book artist (d. 2006)

 

 

 

1931 – Hubert Sumlin, American blues musician (died,2011)

 

 

Come On Home Baby with Sunnyland Slim

Talkin’ Blues – Hubert Sumlin Interview

Hubert Sumlin Teaches “Smokestack Lightning”

Come On In My House

 

 

 

 

1933 – Guy Stockwell, NYC, actor (Chris-Adventures in Paradise)

1938 – Toni Brown, US guitarist/singer/keyboardist (Joy of Cooking)

 

 

 

1938 – Robert Nozick, American philosopher (d. 2002)

 

 

The Tale of the Slave

A History of the Libertarian Movement

Anarchy, State, and Robert Nozick

On Robert Nozick and Liberty

 

 

 

 

1942 – Donna McKechnie, Pontiac Michigan, actress/dancer (Company)

1942 – Willie Carson, Scottish jockey

1944 – Joanna Pettit, London, actress (Knots Landing, Cry of the Innocent)

1948 – Chi Coltrane, US pianist/singer

1950 – Carl J Meade, Illinos, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 38, STS 50, 64)

1950 – David Leisure, actor (Joe Isuzu, Airplane, Charley-Empty Nest)

1952 – Piero Falchetta, Italian archivist, Biblioteca Marciana

1952 – Shigeru Miyamoto, Japanese video game designer

1954 – Andrea Barrett, American author

1954 – Bruce Edwards, American golf caddy (d. 2004)

 

 

 

1956 – Terry Labonte, American NASCAR driver

 

 

 

 

 

 

1958 – Marg Helgenberger, North Bend Nebraska, actress (China Beach)

 

 

 

1958 – Roberto Guerrero, Medelin Colombia, Indy racer (Rookie of Year 1984)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1958 – Boris Krivokapić, Serbian academic

1959 – Bert Cameron, Spanish Town Jamaica, 4X400m relayer (Olympic-silv-1988)

1959 – Corey Allen Pavin, Oxnard CA, PGA golfer (1995 US Open)

1961 – Frank Bruno, British boxer (European champ)

1963 – Zina Garrison Jackson, Houston Tx, tennis star (1988/90 Wimbledon)

1964 – Dwight Gooden, Tampa FL, pitcher (NY Yankees, NY Mets)

 

 

 

1964 – Diana Krall, Canadian Jazz pianist and singer

 

 

Look Of Love

Cry Me A River

Love Me Like A Man

You Don’t Know Me with Ray Charles

 

 

 

 

1966 – Dan Nowosielski, Montreal Quebec, fencing epee (Olympics-96)

1966 – Lisa Brown Miller, ice hockey forward (USA, Oly-98)

1966 – Tricia Cast, Medford NY, actr (Amanda-Bad News Bear, Young & Restless)

1967 – Lisa Bonet, SF, actress (Cosby Show, Different World, Angel Heart)

1968 – Melvin Stewart, US butterfly swimmer (200m record)

1970 – Martha Plimpton, NYC, actress (Goonies, Mosquito Coast)

1971 – Donald Wolf, computer game creator

1971 – Koshi Rikdo, Japanese mangaka

1973 – Joe Hudepohl, US, 800m freestyle relay (Olympics-gold-96)

1973 – Sedrick Shaw, running back (New England Patriots)

1973 – Christian Horner, British Formula One team owner

1974 – Eric Judy, American Musician

1974 – Maurizio Margaglio, Italian ice dancer

1977 – Oksana Baiul, Ukraine, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1994)

1977 – Maggie Gyllenhaal, New York, actress (Donnie Darko, The Dark Knight)

1979 – Salli Wills, Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1979 – Bruce Irons, American surfer

1980 – Nicole Gius, Italian alpine skier

1980 – Carol Huynh, 2008 Canadian Gold Medalist,48 kg. wrestling

1983 – Britta Steffen, German swimmer

 

 

 

Deaths

 

1271 – Henry III, King of England (1216-71, Provisions of Oxford), dies

1328 – Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (b. 1276)

1512 – Gerbrand Mockema, Fries rebel, beheaded

1512 – Jemme Herjuwsma, Fries rebel, beheaded

1548 – Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer, dies at 44

1603 – Pierre Charron, French philosopher/theologian, dies

1613 – Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (b. 1556)

1706 – Cornelis Evertsen, mutineer/ltalian-admiral of Zeeland, dies at 64

1745 – James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier (b. 1665)

1766 – Dominikus Zimmermann, German architect/painter, dies at 81

1779 – Pehr Kalm, Finnish explorer and naturalist (b. 1716)

1790 – Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)

1797 – King Frederick William II of Prussia (b. 1744) Reigns 1786-97

1806 – Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)

1808 – Mustapha IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08), dies at 29

 

 

 

1831 – Karl von Clausewitz, Prussian strategist (Campaign 1813), dies at 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (b. 1848)

1922 – Max Abraham, German physicist (b. 1875)

1935 – Kurt Schindler, composer, dies at 53

1939 – Pierce Butler, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1866)

1943 – Marcel Verhamme, Belgian resistance fighter, executed

1950 – Bob Smith, American doctor, co-founder of the Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1879)

 

 

 

1960 – Clark Gable, actor (Gone With the Wind), dies at 59

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the House for 17 years, dies at 79

1964 – John Emery, actor (Ship Ahoy, Kronos, Mademoiselle Fifi), dies at 59

1964 – Piet Moeskops, Dutch world champion cyclist (1921-24, 26), dies at 71

1971 – Charlie Dell, comedian, dies at 90

1973 – Alan Watts, writer/popularizer of Zen, dies in Calif

1974 – Walther Meissner, German physicist (Meissner Effect), dies at 91

 

 

 

1981 – William Holden, actor (Network, Wild Bunch, Breezy), dies at 63

 

 

WILLIAM HOLDEN TRIBUTE

Network

Breezy

The Wild Bunch – Final Shootout

 

 

 

 

1982 – Arthur Askey, British comedian, dies at 82

1982 – Lenny Murphy, Leader of Belfast’s notorious Shankill Butchers (b. 1952)

1986 – Siobhan McKenna, actress (Dr Zhivago, Hungry Hill), dies at 63

1987 – Jim Brewer, Major League Baseball relief pitcher (b. 1937)

1993 – Achille Zavatta, French clown (b. 1915)

1994 – Dino Valente, American musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (b.1943)

1995 – Jack Finney, author (Body Snatchers), dies at 84

1999 – Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1928)

2001 – Tommy Flanagan, American jazz pianist (b. 1930)

2005 – Robert Tisch, American football team owner (b. 1926)

2005 – Donald Watson, English founder of the Vegan Society (b. 1910)

2005 – Henry Taube, Canadian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)

 

 

 
2006 – Milton Friedman, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 94

 

 

Free To Choose Part 1 of 10 The Power of the Market                      Socialism is Force

on Libertarianism                                                                                            The Role Of Gold In Great Depression

The Road To Serfdom                                                                                     Power of the Market – The Pencil

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian comedian and author (b. 1946)

2009 – Edward Woodward, British actor (The Equalizer) (b. 1930)

2010 – Donald Nyrop, American airline executive (b. 1912)

2010 – Britton Chance, American molecular biologist and yachtsman (b. 1913)

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