Today in the Past

Events

306 – St Marcellus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

722 – Pope Gregory II names Boniface as missionary bishop

1215 – Pope Innocent III closes 4th council of Lateranen

1406 – Angelo Correr elected Pope Gregory XII

1523 – Amsterdam bans assembly of heretics

1630 – 16,000 inhabitants of Venice died this month of plague

1648 – English army captures King Charles I

1700 – King Charles XII of Sweden defeats Russia at Narva [NS]

1700 – Turkey declares war on Russia

1731 – Beijing hit by Earthquake; about 100,000 die

1776 – Capt Cook begins 3rd & last trip to Pacific (South Sea)

1782 – Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence

1803 – Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France

1804 – Impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase begins

1824 – First ground is broken at Allenburg for the building of the original Welland Canal.

1829 – First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, 5 years to the day from the ground breaking.

1838 – Mexico declares war on France

1861 – Harper’s Weekly publishes EE Beers’ “All quiet along the Potomac”

1863 – Confederate troops vacate Fort Esperanza, Texas

1864 – Battle of Franklin Tennessee: Confederate attack fails, 7,700 casualties

1864 – Battle of Honey Hill SC (Broad River) 96 dead/665 wounded

1866 – Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel, Chicago

1872 – 1st intl soccer game, Scotland-England 0-0 (Glasgow)

1886 – 1st commercially successful AC electric power plant opens, Buffalo

1886 – The Folies Bergère stages its first revue.

1900 – A German engineer patents front-wheel drive for automobiles

1902 – American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.

1922 – 1st speed test of 1st genuine Japanese aircraft carrier Hosho

1924 – 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC)

1931 – His Master’s Voice & Columbia Records merge into EMI

1933 – CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District

1936 – London’s Crystal Palace (built 1851), destroyed by fire

1937 – 3rd Heisman Trophy Award: Clint Frank, Yale (HB)

1938 – Germany bans Jews being lawyers

1939 – 21 U boats sunk this month (52,000 ton)

1940 – 32 U boats sunk this month (147,000 ton)

1940 – Lucille Ball weds Desi Arnaz

1941 – 101 year old Nyack-Tarrytown (NY) ferry makes it’s last run

1941 – 13 U boats sunk this month (62,000 ton)

1942 – -Dec 1st: Sea battle at Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal

1942 – 109 U boats sunk this month (729,000 ton)

1942 – German scout ship Altmark explode & sinks off Yokohama

1947 – Arab terrorist campaign opens in Palestine

1947 – Day after UN decree for Israel, Jewish settlements attacked

1953 – French parachutist under Col De Castries attacks Dien Bien Phu

1954 – 1st meteorite known to strike a woman (Liz Hodges-Sylacauga Ala)

1954 – 20th Heisman Trophy Award: Alan Ameche, Wisconsin (FB)

1956 – 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

1956 – Floyd Patterson KOs Archie Moore in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1957 – Assassination attempt on Indonesian president Sukarno, kills 8

1958 – 1st guided missile destroyer launched, Dewey, Bath, Me

1961 – USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership

1967 – People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen declares independence from UK

1967 – People’s Rep of South Yemen (Aden) gains independence from Britain

1967 – Sen Eugene McCarthy begins run for US presidency

1971 – TV movie “Brian’s Song,” airs for 1st time on ABC-TV

1972 – BBC bans Wings “Hi, Hi, Hi”

1972 – Illegal fireworks factory explodes killing 15 (Rome Italy)

1973 – Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Jim Godman

1974 – Lucy (Australopithecus) is discovered by Donald Johanson, Maurice Taieb, Yves Coppens and Tim White in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression.

1976 – 42nd Heisman Trophy Award: Tony Dorsett, Pittsburgh (RB)

1979 – Ted Koppel becomes anchor of nightly news on Iranian Hostages (ABC)

1982 – STS-6 vehicle moves to launch pad

1982 – US sub Thomas Edison collides with US Navy destroyer in So China Sea

1983 – Police free kidnapped beer magnate Alfred Heineken in Amsterdam

1983 – Radio Shack announces Tandy Model 2000 computer (80186 chip)

1986 – Ivan Lendl is 1st tennis player to earn over $10 million, lifetime

1987 – Afghanistan Constitution adopted

1988 – NYC furrier sues Mike Tyson for $92,000 for non payment of purchase

1988 – Soviets stop jamming Radio Liberty; 1st time in 38 yrs

1988 – UN General Assembly (151-2) censures US for refusing PLO’s Arafat visa

1988 – Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buys RJR Nabisco for $25.07 billion USD.

1989 – Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a Red Army Faction terrorist bomb.

1990 – Actor Burt Lancaster suffers a stroke

1991 – 1st world championship of women’s soccer, US defeats Norway 2-1

1991 – 93 cars & 11 truck accident near SF during a dust storm, 17 die

1991 – San Diego State’s Marshall Faulk is 1st freshman to capture national rushing & scoring titles

1993 – President Clinton signs Brady Gun Control Bill

1994 – Cruiser Achille Lauro destroyed by fire at Somalia, 4 die

1995 – Official end of Operation Desert Storm.

1998 – Deutsche Bank announces a $10 billion USD deal to buy Bankers Trust, thus creating the largest financial institution in the world.

1999 – In Seattle, Washington, United States, protests against the WTO meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.

1999 – British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe’s largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.

2004 – Department of Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge resigns.

2004 – Longtime Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings of Salt Lake City, Utah finally loses, leaving him with $2,520,700 USD, television’s all-time biggest game show haul.

2005 – John Sentamu becomes the first African American archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.

2007 – Hillary Clinton presidential campaign office hostage crisis: Leeland Eisenberg entered the campaign office of Hillary Clinton in Rochester, New Hampshire with a device suspected of being a bomb and held three people hostage for 5 hours.

Births

538 – St Gregory of Tours, Auvergne, Gaul, chronicler/bishop (Historia Francorum), (d. 594)(see UE 11/17 Deaths)

1340 – John duke of Berry, captain of Paris/art collector

1364 – John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (d. 1390)

1373 – Ferdinand I, the Righteous, king of Aragon/Sicily

1427 – Kazimierz IV, king of Poland (1447-92)

1466 – Andrea Doria, Genoese statesman/admiral

1485 – Veronica Gambara, Italian poetess

1498 – Andrés de Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friar, sail-captain and explorer (d. 1568)

1508 – Andrea Palladio, [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola], architect

1554 – Philip Sidney, England, poet/statesman/soldier (Arcadia)

1637 – Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (d. 1698)

1667 – Jonathan Swift, Dublin, satirist (Gulliver’s Travels, A Modest Proposal), (d. 1745)

1723 – William Livingston, revolutionary Governor of New Jersey (d. 1790)

1756 – Ernst Chladni, German physicist (d. 1827)

1768 – Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)

1781 – Alexander Berry, British adventurer (d. 1873)

1810 – Oliver Fisher Winchester, rifle maker (Winchester)

1817 – Theodor Mommsen, Germ, historian/author (Imperial Lives, Nobel 1902)

1826 – George Washington Deitzler, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1827 – Ernest H Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants)

1828 – Jedediah Hotchkiss, Engineer (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1835 – Mark Twain, [Samuel L Clemens], author (Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn)

1840 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman (d. 1928)

1858 – Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (d. 1937)

1863 – Andres Bonifacio, leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain

1869 – Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1937)

1872 – Dr. John McCrae, Canadian physician and soldier (d. 1918)

1874 – Winston Churchill, Brit PM (1940-45, 1951-55, Nobel 1953)

1874 – Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (d. 1942)

1885 – Albrecht (von) Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Poland/Netherland)

1889 – Edgar D Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932)

1890 – John Tasker Howard, composer

1890 – Oege Bakker, Dutch economist

1903 – Germaine Emilie Madame Gres Krebs, haute Couturist

1904 – Philip H Burton, Welsh director/acting teacher (Richard Burton)

1907 – Jacques Barzun, France, author (The House of Interlect), (d. 2012)

1909 – Robert Nighthawk, American Bluesman , Guitarist (d. 1967)

ANNA LEE

Return Mail Blues

Honey Hush

My Sweet Lovin’ Woman

1910 – Paul Cerutti, Monaco, trap shooter, disqualified for drugs in 76 oly

1912 – Gordon Parks, Ft Scott KS, film director/author (Learning Tree)

1915 – Henry Taube, chemist (Nobel 1983)

1915 – Walter BrownBrownieMcGhee, Knoxville Tennessee, American blues singer/guitarist

Born and Livin’ With The Blues                                                     Walk On

Good Morning Blues                                                                         Key to the Highway

Don’t Pity Me                                                                                       Hootin’ the Blues

1918 – Efren Zimbalist Jr, NYC, actor (77 Sunset Strip, FBI, Scruples)

1920 – Virginia Mayo, St Louis Mo, actress (Out of the Blue, White Heat)

1922 – Robert Evett, composer

1924 – Allan Sherman, parody singer/songwriter (Hello Muddah, Hello Fardah )

1926 – Richard Crenna, LA Cal, actor (Rambo, Summer Rental, Sand Pebbles)

1927 – Robert Guillaume, [Williams], St Louis Mo, actor (Benson, Soap)

1930 – G[eorge] Gordon Liddy, FBI/Author/Watergate felon/radio host

1930 – James Felton Boyd, Rocky Mount NC, light HW boxer (Olympic-gold-1956)

1930 – William H Dana, Pasadena California, test pilot (X-15)

1931 – Bill Walsh, NFL coach (SF 49ers)/sportscaster

1931 – Jack Ging, Alva Ok, actor (11th Hour, Ripcord, Tales of Wells Fargo)

1933 – Norman Deeley, English footballer (d. 2007)

1936 – Abbie Hoffman, aka Free, Yippie/activist/author (Steal this Book)

1937 – Paul Stookey, Balt, singer (Peter, Paul & Mary-Wedding Song)

1937 – Richard Threlkeld, newscaster (ABC-TV)

1937 – Ridley Scott, director (Alien, Blade Runner)

1943 – J[ames] J[ay] Barnes, US gospel/singer (Please Let Me In)

1943 – Leo Lyons, Standbridge Beds, rock bassist (Ten Years After)

1944 – Luther T Ingram, US singer/songwriter (I’ll Be Your Shelter)

1944 – Rob Grill, LA California, rock bassist/vocalist (Grass Roots)

1945 – Roger Glover, British hard rock bassist (Episode Six-Deep Purple)

1947 – David Mamet, Chicago, playwright/dir (Speed the Plow, House of Games)

1949 – Arthur Lee Washington Jr, Neptune NJ, murderer (FBI Most Wanted)

1950 – Kathryn Witt, Miami Fla, actress (Lenny, Pam-Flying High)

1950 – Margaret Whitton, Balt Md, actress (Good & Evil, Major League)

1951 – Christian Bernard, mystic

1952 – Mandy Patinkin, Chicago Il, actor/singer (Yentl, Alien Nation)

1952 – Keith Giffen, American comic book writer and artist

1953 – Shuggie Otis, rocker , Blues Guitarist

Strawberry Letter 23

Johnny Otis with Shuggie Otis & Roy Buchanan

Rare Acoustic Jam with Frank Zappa

Shuggie’s Shuffle

1954 – George McArdle, rock bassist (Little River Band Melbourne

1954 – June Pointer, singer (Pointer Sisters-I’m So excited)

1955 – Billy Idol, [William Broad], rocker (White Wedding)

1957 – John Ashton, English guitarist (Psychedelic Furs)

1957 – Colin Mochrie, Scottish-born Canadian comedian

1958 – Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder

1958 – Stacey Q, American singer

1959 – Sylvia Hanika, Munich West Germany, tennis player (Avon-1982)

1959 – Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist

1961 – Innocent Egbunike, Nigeria, 4x400m runner (Olympic-bronze-1984)

1962 – Bo Jackson, baseball/football player , Heisman Trophy , Auburn (KC Royals, LA Raiders)

1965 – Ben Stiller, NYC, actor (Ben Stiller Show, Next of Kin, Cable Guy)

1966 – Ed Kemper, American serial killer

1968 – Des’ree, English singer

1968 – Laurent Jalabert, French cyclist

1970 – Corrina Kennedy, Saskatoon Saskatchawan, kayaker (Olympics-96)

1970 – Natalie Williams, Long Beach California, volleyball outside hitter (Oly-96)

1975 – Mindy McCready, country/western singer

1976 – Cypher Zero, American circus innovator (New York Circus Arts)

1978 – Clay Aiken, American singer

1978 – Gael García Bernal, Mexican actor

1979 – Chris Atkinson, Australian rally driver

1982 – Elisha Cuthbert, Canadian actress

1987 – Vasilisa Bardina, Russian tennis player

1987 – Ian Hecox, Part of the America Online comedy duo Smosh

1989 – Chanel Iman, American supermodel

1990 – Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess Grandmaster

1994 – Nyjah Huston, American skateboarder

Deaths

1016 – Edmund II, Ironsides, King of the Saxons (1016), dies at 27

1519 – Michael Wolgemut, German painter (Weltchronik), dies at about 85

1528 – Great Wierd, Dutch Gelderland army commander, beheaded

1631 – Rabbi Samuel Eliezer ben Judah ha-levi Edels, dies

1646 – John C Lichthart, admiral (Cape Augustine), dies at about 45

1654 – John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar (b. 1584)

1675 – Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)

1679 – Pieter van Schooten, Dutch mathematician/fort architect, dies at 45

1694 – Marcello Malpighi, father of microscopic anatomy, dies

1718 – Charles XII, king of Sweden (1697-1718), dies during a siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway at 36

1761 – John Dollond, British optician (b. 1706)

1765 – George Glas, British merchant and adventurer (b. 1725)

1864 – Hiram Bronson Granbury, Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33

1864 – John Adams, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at about 39

1864 – Otho French Strahl, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33

1864 – Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33

1893 – Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian, dies at 68

1900 – Oscar Wilde, Irish author, dies in Paris at 46

1901 – Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica), dies at 86

1933 – Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian general (b. 1875)

1934 – Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix (b. 1908)

1947 – Ernst Lubitsch, actor/director (Anna Boleyn, Ninotchka), dies

DESIGN FOR LIVING

To Be or Not to Be

The Shop Around The Corner

Ninotchka

1958 – Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (b. 1888)

1972 – Neil H McElroy, soap manufacturer/minister of Defense (1957-59), dies

1977 – Terrence Rattigan, British writer and playwright (b. 1911)

1979 – Zeppo Marx, [Herbert], US comic (Marx Brothers), dies at 78

1987 – James Baldwin, writer (Go Tell it on the Mountain), dies at 63

1989 – Alfred Herrhausen, German CEO (Deutsche Bank), murdered at 59

1990 – Norman Cousins, editor (Saturday Review), dies at 75

1994 – Connie Conrad Henry Kirnon Kay, jazz Drummer, dies at 67

1994 – Irwin Kostal, US arranger/conductor (Sound of Music), dies at 83

1996 – Koji Kobayashi, industrialist, dies at 89

1996 – Tiny Tim, [Herbert Khaury], entertainer (Tip Toe), dies at 71

1999 – Charlie Byrd, American jazz guitarist (b. 1925)(see UE 9/16 Births)

2003 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (b. 1906)

2007 – Evel Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil, at 69

2007 – Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist (b. 1948)

2010 – Rajiv Dixit, Indian scientist and Swadeshi movement figure (b. 1967)

2010 – Faye Wright, American spiritual figure (b. 1914)

2010 – Garry Gross, American photographer (b. 1937)