Today in the Past

 

 

Events

 

1409 – The University of Leipzig opens.

1682 – English earl of Shaftesbury flight to Amsterdam

1697 – St Paul’s Cathedral opens in London

1755 – The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire.

1763 – Touro shul of Newport RI dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)

1777 – British Gen Howe plots attack on Washington’s army for Dec 4

 

 

 

1805 – Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz

 

 

 

 

 

 

1812 – James Madison re-elected president of US, E Gerry vice-pres

 

 

 

 

 

1816 – 1st savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)

 

 

1823 – President James Monroe declares hisMonroe Doctrine

 

 

 

 

1840 – William H Harrison elected 9th President of USA

 

 

 

 

 

1845 – Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.

848 – Franz Josef I becomes emperor of Austria & King of Hungary

1851 – Newly-elected French President Charles Louis Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic.

1852 – 2nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes emperor

1864 – Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia

1867 – In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.

1868 – 1st British government of Disraeli resigns

1882 – Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium

 

 

 

1899 – Philippine-American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed “The Filipino Thermopylae”, is fought.

 

 

 

 

1901 – Gillette patents 1st disposable razor

1901 – King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades

1907 – Tommy Burns KOs Gunner Moir in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

1908 – Pu Yi (Hsuan-T’ung) became China’s Last Emperor at age 3

1914 – Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia

1927 – 1st Model A Fords sold, for $385

 

 

 

1929 – 1st skull of Peking man found, 50 km out of Peking at Tsjoe Koe Tien

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – 1st transatlantic telephone wedding (Bertil Clason-Sigrid Carlson)

1933 – Fred Astaire’s 1st film, “Dancing Lady,” released

1934 – 5.08-m (200″) Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast

1939 – British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC

1939 – NY’s La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight

1941 – Largest roller skating rink (outside of NYC) opens in Peekskill NY

1941 – Naval Intelligence ceases bugging Japanese consul

1941 – Yamamoto sends his fleet to Pearl Harbor

1942 – 1st controlled nuclear chain reaction (Enrico Fermi-U of Chicago)

1943 – 1st RSHA transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp

1944 – 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (QB)

1944 – US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar

1947 – 13th Heisman Trophy Award: John Lujack, Notre Dame (QB)

1948 – Stan Musial is picked NL MVP

1950 – Vic Toweel knocks down Danny O’Sullivan 14 times in a title fight

1951 – Phila sets NFL record of 25 1st-downs rushing

1952 – 18th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Vessels, Oklahoma (HB)

1952 – 1st human birth televised to public (KOA-TV Denver, Colo)

1954 – US Senate censures Joe McCarthy (Sen-R-Wisc) for “conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor & disrepute”

1956 – Fidel Castro lands with “Granma” on coast of Cuba

1957 – 1st US large scale nuclear power plant opens (Shippingport Penn)

1957 – Sam Cooke’s “You Send Me” reaches #1

1958 – 24th Heisman Trophy Award: Pete Dawkins, Army (HB)

1958 – Benelux treaty signed by Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg

 

 

 

1959 – Malpasset dam collapses destroying French Riviera town of Frejus

 

 

 

1961 – Fidel Castro declares he’s a Marxist, & will lead Cuba to Communism

1963 – 1st Dutch rocket launched/reaches height of 10 km

1966 – Love, Moby Grape & Lee Michaels perform at Fillmore East

1969 – Boeing 747 jumbo jet 1st public preview (Seattle to NYC)

1970 – Environmental Protection Agency begins (Dir: William Ruckelshaus)

1971 – United Arab Emirates, (Trucial States) declares independence from UK

1972 – “December Giant” largest sinkhole in US collapses (Alabama)

1974 – Cowhide, rather than just horsehide, can be used to make baseballs

1975 – 7 South Moluccans hijack train at Wijster Drente, 3 killed

1978 – Chanting “Allah is great,” anti-Shah protesters poured through Tehran

1979 – Crowds attack US embassy at Tripoli Libya

1979 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

 

 

 

1980 – 4 American Maryknoll nuns killed by death squads in El Salvador

 

 

 

 

1982 – 1st permanent artificial heart successfully implanted (U of Utah) in retired dentist Barney Clark; lived 112 days with Jarvic-7 heart

1986 – Dow-Jones index hits record 1955.57

1988 – “Naked Gun” premieres, a movie based on TV’s “Police Squad”

1988 – 5 gunmen who hijacked Soviet Aeroflot jet, surrender in Israel

1988 – UN votes 151-2 (Isr & US) to move PLO debate to Geneva, Brit abstains

1989 – 55th Heisman Trophy Award: Andre Ware, Houston (QB)

1990 – 1st time 12 people in space

1990 – US 69th manned space mission STS 35 (Columbia 11) launches into orbit

1991 – Bobby Bonilla signs record $29 million-5 year pact with NY Mets

1991 – Muslim Shites release American held in Lebanon hostage Joseph Cicippio

1993 – Dow-Jones hits record 3702.11

1994 – Achille Lauro (Willem Ruys) sinks off the coast of Somalia

1994 – Jury finds Heidi Fleiss guilty of running a call girl ring

1999 – The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive.

2001 – Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

 

 

Births

 

1578 – Agostino Agazzari, composer

1678 – Nicolaas S Cruquius, Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer)

1694 – William Shirley, Colonial Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1771)

1703 – Ferdinand Konscak, Croatian explorer (d. 1759)

1728 – Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat

 

 

 

1738 – Richard Montgomery, Irish-born soldier (d. 1775)

 

 

 

 

1802 – Melancthon Smith Wade, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1821 – Rufus Barringer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

1837 – Charles Garrison Harker, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864

1863 – Charles Ringling, American circus owner (d. 1926)

1884 – Ruth Draper, US, lecture artist [or 1989]

1885 – George Minot, US, physician, worked on anemia (Nobel 1934)

1896 – Georgi K Zjukov, marshal of Moskow/Stalingrad [NS-Dec 11]

1897 – Hovhannes Bagramyan, Marshall of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)

1899 – John Cobb, British racing driver (d. 1952)

1906 – Peter Carl Goldmark, developed color TV & LP records

1914 – Ray Walston, New Orleans LA, actor (My Favorite Martian, Damn Yankees)

1915 – Adolph Green, songwriter (married to Phyllis Newman)

 

 

 

1915 – Randolph Hearst, newspaper publisher

 

Randolph Hearst

 

 

 

 

1917 – Sylvia Syms, American jazz singer (d. 1992)

1922 – Leo V Gordon, Baltimore MD, actor (Circus Boy, Enos, Winds of War)

1923 – Maria M Callas, NYC, soprano (Carmen)

1923 – Meshulam Riklis, husband of Pia Zadora

1924 – Alexander Haig Jr, Bala-Cynwyd Pa, US Sec of State (1981-82)/General

1924 – Jonathan Frid, actor (Barnabas Collins-Dark Shadows)

1925 – Julie Harris, Grosse Pt Mich, actress (Bell Jar, East of Eden)

1929 – Lowell North, Springfield Mass, yachtsman (Olympic-Gold-1968)

1930 – Gary Becker, American economist, recipient of the Bank of Sweden Prize

1931 – Hatsumi Masaaki, Founder and head of the Bujinkan Dojo organization

1937 – Brian Lumley, England, sci-fi author (Compleat Crow, Psychomech)

1939 – Harry ( Pederast , or so we’ve been told ) Reid, American politician

1940 – Gerry Cheevers, NHL goalie (Bruin, longest undefeated streak-32 games)

1940 – Willie Brown, NFL defensive back (Denver Broncos, Oakland Raiders)

 

 

 

1941 – Paul C W Chu, China, physicist (superconductivity)

 

 

 

 

1942 – Ted Bluechel, San Pedro Ca, rock vocalist/drummer (Association)

1943 – David Munden, rocker

1944 – Cathy Lee Crosby, LA, actress (Coach, That’s Incredible)

1945 – Penelope Spheeris, American film director

1946 – Gianni Versace, Reggio Calabria, Italy, fashion designer (Versace), (d. 1997)

1947 – Ivan Atanassov Petrov, Bulgarian neurologist

1948 – T. Coraghessan Boyle, American writer

1953 – Jay Dean Haas, St Louis MO, PGA golfer (1978 Andy Williams-San Diego)

1953 – Meg Griffin, DJ (WNEW-FM, WPLJ-FM, WKRK-FM)/VJ (V-1)

1954 – Stone Phillips, news host (NBC Dateline)

1956 – Steven Bauer, Havana Cuba, actor (Scarface, Thief of Hearts)

1958 – Vladimir Parfenovich, USSR, 500m kayak (Olympic-gold-1980)

1959 – Greg Barton, kayak (Olympics-2 gold-88)

1963 – Ann Patchett, American novelist

1966 – Anita Jokiel, Poland, gymnast (Olympic-1980)

1966 – Jinsei Shinzaki, Japanese professional wrestler

1968 – Lucy Liu, American actress

1968 – Nate Mendel, American bassist (Foo Fighters)

1971 – Rachel McQuillan, Merewether NSW Aust, tennis star (1989 Futures ITA)

1973 – Monica Seles, Novi Sad Yugoslavia, tennis star (US Open 1992)

1975 – Mark Kotsay, Whittier CA, baseball outfielder (Olympics-bronze-96)

1978 – Nelly Furtado, Canadian singer and songwriter

1978 – Chris Wolstenholme, British bassist (Muse)

1981 – Britney Spears, Kentwood, Louisiana, singer and popstar (“Baby One More Time,” “Oops! …I did it again” and “I’m A Slave 4 U”)

1983 – Bibiana Candelas, Mexican volleyball player

 

 

 

Deaths

537 – Sylvester, Italian Pope (536-37), dies

1348 – Emperor Hanazono of Japan (b. 1297)

1381 – John of Ruysbroeck, Flemish mystic

1463 – Archduke Albert VI of Austria (b. 1418)

1515 – Gonzalo de Cordoba, Spanish general/strategist/viceroy of Naples, dies

1552 – Francis Xavier, Spanish Catholic missionary (b. 1506)

1723 – Philip, French duke of Orleans/regent (1715-23)/PM (1723), dies

1726 – Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (b. 1665)

1747 – Vincent Bourne, English classical scholar (b. 1695)

1814 – Marquis de Sade, writer, dies at 74

 

1859 – John Brown US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59

 

 

 

 

 


1892 – Jay Gould, American entrepreneur (b. 1836)

 

 

 

1899 – Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (killed at Battle of Tirad Pass) (b. 1875)

 

 

1919 – Henry Clay Frick, built largest coke & steel operation, dies at 69

 

 

 

 

1935 – Albert Kessel, 1st to die in California gas chamber

1936 – John Ringling, American circus owner (b. 1866)

1944 – JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies

1957 – Harrison Ford, silent screen actor (Rubber Tires), dies at 73

1963 – Sabu Sabu, actor (Jungle Book, Drums), dies of heart attack at 39

1966 – Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician, dies at 85

1967 – Francis J “Cardinal” Spellman, archbishop of NY, dies at 78

1972 – Friedrich Christian Christiansen, German Luftwaffe general, dies

1976 – Danny Murtaugh, baseball manager (Pittsburgh Pirates), dies at 59

 

 

 

1982 – Marty Feldman, comedian (Young Frankenstein), dies at 49

 

 

Monster Sketch

the railway carriage

pops out to make the cocoa

 

 

 

 

1986 – Desi Arnaz, actor (Ricky Ricardo-I Love Lucy), dies at 69 of cancer

1987 – Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich, Russian physicist (b. 1914)

1988 – Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer and lyricist (Quartetto Cetra)

1990 – Aaron Copeland, composer (Fanfare for Common Man), dies at 90

1993 – Pablo Escobar Gaviria, Colombian drug baron, shot to death at 44

1995 – Roxie Roker, actress (Helen Willis-Jeffersons), dies at 66

1997 – Shirley Crabtree, British professional wrestler (b. 1930)

1997 – Michael Hedges, American guitarist known for originality (b. 1953)

2004 – Alicia Markova, British ballerina (b. 1910)

2005 – Kenneth Lee Boyd, American convicted murderer (executed) (b. 1948)

2008 – Edward Samuel Rogers, Canadian entrepreneur (b. 1933)

 

 

 

2008 – Odetta, American singer (b. 1930)

 

 

House of the Rising Sun

Glory Halleluja

The Midnight Special

Black Woman & Shame And Scandal In The Family with Johnny Cash

 

 

 

 

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