Today In The Past

 

 

Events

 

336 – St Mark elected Catholic Pope

350 – General Maxentius drives out Western Roman emperor Constans

474 – Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor.

532 – Nika uprising at Constantinople fails, 30-40,000 die

1126 – Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Emperor Qinzong.

1307 – German king Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf king of Bohemia

1478 – Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod

1520 – Christian II of Denmark & Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunde

 

 

 

1535 – Francisco Pizarro founds the city of Lima, Peru

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1591 – King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, for which this date is now observed marked as Royal Thai Armed Forces day.

 

 

 

1671 – Pirate Henry Morgan defeats Spanish defenders, captures Panama

 

 

 

 

 

1733 – 1st polar bear exhibited in America (Boston)

1777 – San Jose California, founded

1778 – Capt James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)

1788 – The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to setup a penal colony

1817 – San Martin leads a revolutionary army over Andes

1840 – Electro-Magnetic Intelligencer, 1st US electrical journal, appears

1850 – British blockade Piraeus, Greece to enforce mercantile claims

 

 

 

1854 – Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW Mexico

 

 

 

 

1861 – American Civil War – Georgia joins South Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, and Alabama in seceding from the United States.

1862 – Confederate Territory of Arizona forms

 

 

 

1865 – Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC

 

 

 

 

 

1884 – General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum

1884 – Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.

1886 – Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.

1896 – 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)

1911 – 1st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)

1912 – English explorer Robert F Scott & his expedition reach South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten there before

1916 – A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.

1919 – Bentley Motors Limited is founded.

1929 – “NY Daily Mirror” columnist Walter Winchell debuts on radio

1929 – Stalin proposes to ban Trotsky from the Politburo

1930 – -27°F (-33°C), Watts, Oklahoma (state record)

1933 – White Sands National Monument, NM established

1942 – Nazi’s arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman

1943 – Presliced bread sale banned to reduce bakery demand for metal parts

1943 – Soviets announce they broke long Nazi siege of Leningrad

1943 – US rations bread & metal

1944 – 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

1944 – The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

1945 – Warsaw freed by Soviet army

1947 – Small river steamer sank on Yangtze River, kills 400

1948 – Ted Mack’s “Original Amateur Hour” begins, DuMont (later NBC/ABC/CBS)

1955 – Battle of Yijiangshan occurred.

1957 – 3 B-52’s set record for around-the-world flight, 45 hr 19 min

1962 – Southern University closed due to demonstrations

1962 – US begins spraying foliage in Vietnam to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas

1964 – Beatles 1st appear on Billboard Chart (I Want to Hold Your Hand-#35)

1964 – Plans for World Trade Center announced (NYC)

1966 – Robert C Weaver, confirmed as 1st black cabinet member (HUD)

 

 

 

1967 – Albert DeSalvo (Boston Strangler) sentenced to life in prison

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – Yellowknife replaces Ottawa as capital of NW Territories, Canada

1971 – Ivan Koloff beats Bruno Sammartino in NY, to become WWF champ

1973 – John Cleese’s final episode on “Monty Python’s Flying Circus,” on BBC

1974 – “$6 Million Man” starring Lee Majors premieres on ABC TV

1975 – “Jeffersons” spinoff from “All in the Family” premieres on CBS

1976 – Superbowl X: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 21-17 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Lynn Swann, Pittsburgh, WR

1977 – Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires’ disease.

1978 – Roof of 3-yr-old Civic Center in Hartford, Ct collapses (no injuries)

1978 – Thiokol conducts 2nd test firing of space shuttle’s SRB

1979 – Peter Jenkins finishes “A Walk Across America,” Florence Oregon

1980 – Gold reaches $1,000 an oz

1980 – Pink Floyd’s “Wall” hits #1

1980 – Studio 54 owners Steve Rubell & Ian Schrager sentenced to 3½ years in prison for tax evasion & fined $20,000

1981 – Iran accepts US offer of $7.9 billion in frozen assets

1981 – Wendy O Williams arrested in Milwaukee for on-stage obscenity

1983 – IOC restores Jim Thorpe’s Olympic medals 70 years after they were taken from him for being paid $25 in semipro baseball

1986 – 24th Space Shuttle (61-C) Mission-Columbia 7-returns to Earth

1989 – Astronomers discover pulsar in remnants of Supernova 1987A (LMC)

1989 – IBM announces earnings up 10.4% in 1988

1990 – Wash DC, Mayor Marion Barry arrested in drug enforcement sting

1991 – Iraq launches SCUD missiles against Israel

1991 – US acknowledges CIA & US Army paid Noriega $320,000 over his career

1991 – Longest tennis match at the Australian Open, Boris Becker beats Italy’s Omar Camporese in 5 hours & 11 mins

1991 – Eastern Air Lines goes out of business after 62 years, citing financial problems.

1993 – Martin Luther King Jr holiday observed in all 50 states for 1st time

1994 – The Cando event, a possible bolide impact in Cando, Spain. Witnesses claim to have seen a fireball in the sky lasting for almost one minute.

1996 – Lisa Marie Presley files for divorce from Michael Jackson in NY

1997 – In north west Rwanda, Hutu militia members kill 3 Spanish aid workers, 3 soldiers and seriously wound one other.

1998 – Boston Celtics retire Robert Parrish’s #00

2000 – The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth.

2002 – Sierra Leone Civil War was finally declared over.

2003 – A bushfire kills 4 people and destroys more than 500 homes in Canberra, Australia.

2007 – The strongest storm in the United Kingdom in 17 years kills 14 people, Germany sees the worst storm since 1999 with 13 deaths. Hurricane Kyrill, causes at least 44 deaths across 20 countries in Western Europe. Other losses include the Container Ship MSC Napoli destroyed by the storm off the coast of Devon, England.

2012 – Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) blackout becomes the largest protest in the history of the internet

 

 

 

Births

 

885 – Daigo, Emperor of Japan (d. 930)

1519 – Isabella Jagiełło, queen of Hungary (d. 1559)

1543 – Alfonso Ferrabosco, composer

1641 – Francois Michel le Tellier, French statesman (Marquis de Louvois)

1657 – Hendrik Casimir II, Dutch Fieldmarshal (Nassau)

1688 – Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1765)

 

 

 

1689 – Charles de Montesquieu, France, philosopher/writer (Letters Persanes)

 

 

 

 

 

1779 – Peter Roget, thesaurus fame/inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard)

 

 

 

1782 – Daniel Webster, Salisbury NH, orator/politician/lawyer, (d. 1852)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1809 – Richard Caswell Gatlin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896

1813 – Joseph Farwell Glidden, inventor (1st coml useable barbed wire)

1815 – James Chesnut Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885

1815 – Richard Yates Gov, MC (Union), died in 1873

1820 – Abraham Buford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1884

1831 – Edward Ferrero, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899

1835 – Caesar A Cui, Vilna Lithuania, fort architect/composer

1842 – Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (d. 1911)

1848 – Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer (d. 1925)

1849 – Edmund Barton, 1st PM of Australia (1900-03)

1854 – Thomas A Watson, needed by Bell, inventor assistant (Telephone)

1857 – Otto von Below, German commandant (WW I)

1858 – Daniel Williams, Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, surgeon (1st open heart operation), (d. 1931)

1861 – Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist

1877 – Samuel Zemurray, U.S. businessman (d.1961)

1879 – Henri Giraud, French general (d. 1949)

1880 – Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist (adiabates hypothesis)

1882 – Alan Alexander Milne, English author (Winnie-the-Pooh)

1882 – Jacob Clay, Dutch philospher/phyicist (Mesones)

1882 – Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist

1892 – Oliver Hardy, Harlem Ga, comedy team member (Laurel & Hardy)

1892 – Paul Rostock, German surgeon (d. 1956)

1901 – Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1973)

 

 

 

1904 – Cary Grant, England, actor (Arsenic & Old Lace, North by Northwest)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1904 – Henri-Georges Adam, French etcher/painter/sculptor (Grand Nude)

1904 – Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordionist (d. 2006)

1905 – Joseph Bonanno, Italian-born gangster (d. 2002)

1908 – Jacob Bronowsky, British mathematician/cultural historian

1913 – Danny Kaye, Bkln NY, UNICEF/comedian/actor (Danny Kaye Show)

1916 – James Crow, Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, geneticist and influential educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), (d. 2012)

1918 – Ton Brandsteder, CEO/founder (Sony Nederland)

1918 – Gustave Gingras, French Canadian physician (d. 1996)

1921 – Bruce Woodcock, boxer

1921 – Robert Glaser, Providence, Rhode Island, educational psychologist (National Assessment of Educational Progress), (d. 2012)

1922 – Bob Bell, American clown (d. 1997)

1925 – Gilles Deleuze, philosopher

1925 – Roepie Kruize, Dutch field hockey player (Olympic-Bronze-48/Silver-52)

1932 – Robert Anton Wilson, US, sci-fi author (Trick Top Hat)

1933 – John Boorman, producer/dir (Exorcist II, Deliverance, Zardoz)

1933 – Vladimir Yevgrafovich Bugrov, cosmonaut

1935 – Raymond Briggs, English author (Fungus the Bogeyman)

1938 – Curt Flood, American baseball player (d. 1997)

1940 – Pedro Rodriguez, Mexican racing driver (d. 1971)

1941 – Bobby Goldsboro, Marianna Fla, singer (Honey)

1941 – David Ruffin, Miss, vocalist (Temptations-Papa Was a Rolling Stone)

1941 – Denise Bombardier, Quebec journalist, television host and novelist

1943 – Dave Greene, rocker

1943 – Kay Granger, American politician

1944 – Larry “Legs” Smith, rocker (Bonzo Dog Band-Urban Spaceman)

1949 – Philippe Starck, French designer

1950 – Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian auto racer

 

 

 

1950 – John Hughes, director (Breakfast Club, 16 Candles, Weird Science)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – R. Stevie Moore, American singer, songwriter, and home recording pioneer

1952 – Michael Behe, American advocate of Intelligent Design

1955 – Kevin Costner, Los Angeles California, American actor (Fandango, Silverado, Bull Durham)

1955 – Mable Fergerson, LA California, 4x400m runner (Olympic-silver-1972)

1961 – Mark D Messier, Edmonton Alberta, NHL Center (Edmonton, NY Rangers)

1962 – David O’Connor, equestrian 3-day (Olympics-silver-96)

1963 – Jane Horrocks, Lancashire England, actress (Absolutely Fabulous)

1963 – Yury Zakharevich, Soviet weightlifter

1964 – Brady Anderson, Silver Spring MD, outfielder (Baltimore Orioles)

1964 – Jenny Holliday, Australian softball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)

1966 – André Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver

1967 – Kim Perrot, WNBA guard (Houston Comets)

1967 – M C Tab, [Sharon Richard], NYC, rapper

1967 – Peter Cox Jr, Bronxville NY, fencer-sabre (Olympics-96)

1971 – Jonathan Davis, American singer (KoЯn)

 

 

 

1971 – Christian Fittipaldi, Brazilian racecar driver

 

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Crispian Mills, London, vocalist/guitarist (Kula Shaker)

1982 – Joanna Newsom, American harpist

1983 – Samantha Mumba, Irish singer and actress

1984 – Kristy Lee Cook, American Idol 7 cast member

1984 – Michael Kearney, American child prodigy

1985 – Dale Begg-Smith, Australian freestyle skier

1985 – Minnisha Lamba, Indian Actress and Model

 

 

 

Deaths

 

52 BC – Publius Clodius Pulcher (murdered) (b. 93 BC)

474 – Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 401)

1367 – Pedro I, king of Portugal (1357-67), dies at 46

1425 – Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician (b. 1391)

1471 – Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (b. 1419)

1479 – Louis IX, the Rich, duke of Bayern (U of Ingolstadt), dies at 61

1586 – Margaret of Austria, regent of The Netherlands (b. 1522)

1659 – Benedikt Lechler, composer, dies at 64

1664 – Moses Amyraut, French theologian (b. 1596)

1677 – John A van Riebeeck, Dutch founder Cape Colony, dies at 57

1760 – Claudio Casciolini, composer, dies at 62

1769 – Hakuin Ekaku, Zen teacher (reformer of Rinzai school), dies in Japan

1854 – Juda Turo, American philanthropist, dies

 

 

 

1862 – John Tyler, 10th US pres (1841-45), dies in Richmond Va at 71

 

 

 

 

 

 

1878 – Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist (b. 1788)

 

 

 

1936 – Rudyard Kipling, author (Gunga Din, Nobel 1907), dies at 70(see UE Births 12/30)

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Curly Howard, American actor and comedian (b. 1903)

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Sydney Greenstreet, actor (Conflict, Maltese Falcon), dies at 74

1967 – Harry Antrim, actor (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies of heart attack at 83

1968 – Bert Wheeler, actor (Rainmakers, High Flyers, Dixiana), dies at 72

1976 – Ad Verhoeven, soccer player (Xerxes, Sparta), dies in crash [or 1/17]

1978 – Carl Betz, actor (Alex Stone-Donna Reed Show), dies at 56

1978 – Walter H. Thompson, English Scotland Yard detective, bodyguard of Winston Churchill (b. 1890)

1982 – Trent Lehman, actor (Butch-Nanny & the Professor), dies at 20

1984 – Malcolm H Kerr, 9th pres of American U of Beirut, shot dead

1985 – Mahmoud Taha, Sudanese Moslem leader, hanged at 76

1990 – Melanie Appleby, rocker (Mel & Kim), dies of liver cancer at 23

1990 – Rusty Hamer, American actor (b. 1947)

1991 – Hamilton Fish, congressman (NY), dies at 102

1991 – Lillian Bond, actress (Air Mail, Pick-up, Blond Cheat), dies at 83

1991 – Nita Krebs, actor (Munchkin-Wizard of Oz), dies of heart attack at 85

1993 – Mike Templeton, 2nd person to receive a heart pump, dies at 34

1995 – Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939), dies at 91

 

 

 

1996 – Minnesota Fats, [Rudolf Wanderone Jr], billiard hustler, dies at 82

 

 

 

 

 

 

1997 – Neville Crump, racehorse trainer, dies at 86

2000 – Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (b. 1897)

2003 – Edward “The Sheik” Farhat, American professional wrestler (b. 1926)

2007 – Brent Liles, American musician (Agent Orange/Social Distortion) (b. 1963)

2008 – Georgia Frontiere, American football team owner (b. 1927)

2011 – Sargent Shriver, American politician (b. 1915)