Today In The Past

 

 

Events

 

1077 – German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness

1189 – Philip II, Henry II & Richard Lion hearted initiate 3rd Crusade

1276 – Pierre de Tarantaise elected Pope Innocence V

1287 – The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon.

1324 – Zen Buddhist religious debate between Tendai & Shingon

1522 – Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope

1525 – The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz’s mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.

1542 – Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard

1664 – Count Miklos of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army

1677 – 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston

1749 – The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt in 1754.

1789 – 1st American novel, WH Brown’s “Power of Sympathy,” is published

1799 – Edward Jenner’s smallpox vaccination is introduced

1827 – Freedom Journal, 1st Black paper, begins publishing

1846 – 1st edition of Charles Dickens’ “Daily News”

1853 – Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass

1861 – Jefferson Davis of Mississippi & 4 other southern senators resign

1863 – City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years

1880 – 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis

1887 – Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms

1887 – Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.

1894 – Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec

1899 – Opel manufactured its first automobile.

1903 – “Wizard of Oz,” premieres in NYC

1903 – Harry Houdini escapes police station Halvemaansteeg in Amsterdam

1908 – NYC regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public

1910 – British-Russian military intervention in Persia

1915 – Kiwanis International founded in Detroit

1919 – Sinn Fein proclaims parliament of Free Ireland

1922 – 1st slalom ski race run, Murren, Switzerland

1935 – 12.0″ (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Wash (state record)

1935 – Wilderness Society forms

1941 – 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria

1941 – 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, TX

1941 – Australia & Britain attack Tobruk Libya

1942 – Count Basie records “One O’Clock Jump”

1942 – Tito’s partisans occupy Foca

1943 – Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk

1943 – Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad

1943 – Vice-admiral Cunningham appointed Brit adm of fleet

1944 – 447 German bombers attack London

1944 – 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg

1949 – 1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)

1950 – NY jury finds former State Dept official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury

1951 – Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Tampa Women’s Golf Open

1953 – John Foster Dulles appointed as Secretary of State

1954 – 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (NYC)

1958 – Phillies agree to televise 78 games into NYC (doesn’t happen)

1960 – Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km

1960 – Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook South Africa, 417 die of methane poisoning

1961 – Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria

1962 – Snow falls in SF

1964 – Carl T Rowan named director of US Information Agency

1967 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1968 – US B-52 bombers with nuclear bomb crashes in Greenland

 

 

 

1968 – Vietnam War: Battle of Khe SanhOne of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.

 

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1970 – Panama Boeing 747 1st flight NY-London

1971 – “Alias Smith & Jones” premieres on ABC TV

1974 – Gold hits record $161.31/silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London

1976 – Supersonic Concorde, 1st commercial flights, by Britain & France

1977 – Italy legalizes abortion

1977 – Pres Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders

1978 – Bee Gees’ “Saturday Night Fever” album goes #1 for 24 weeks

1979 – Neptune becomes outermost planet (Pluto moves closer)

1979 – Price of gold increases to record $875 troy oz

1979 – Superbowl XIII: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 35-31 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, QB

1980 – Gold hits record $850 an ounce

1980 – Les Henson, Virginia Tech, makes 89′ 3″ basketball field goal

1981 – Bernhard Goetz is assault for 1st time on a NY subway train

1982 – NY Islanders begin then NHL record 15 game winning streak

1983 – Reagan certifies El Salvador human-rights abuses have decreased making country eligible for US military aid

1984 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton

1985 – -19°F (-28°C), Caesar’s Head, South Carolina (state record)

1985 – -34°F (-37°C), Mt Mitchell, North Carolina (state record)

1985 – Bomb attack on Borobudur temple in Java

1985 – Dennis Potvin ties Bobby Orr’s career record of 270 NHL goals

1986 – 100 participate in Nude Olympics race in 38°F (3°C), Indiana

1986 – Bomb attack in East-Beirut, 27 killed

1987 – BB King donates his 7,000 record collection to U of Mississippi

1988 – US accept immigration of 30,000 US-Vietnamese children

1989 – Wayne Gretzky passes Marcel Dionne to become NHL’s 2nd all time scorer

1990 – John McEnroe becomes 1st ever player to be expelled from the Australian Open

1993 – Nigerian singer Fela Kuti arrested on suspicion of murder

1994 – Dow Jones passes 3900 (record 3,914.20)

1994 – Lorena Bobbitt found temporarily insane of chopping off spouse’s penis

1999 – War on Drugs: In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepts a ship with over 4,300 kg (9,500 lb) of cocaine on board.

2002 – The Canadian Dollar sets all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).

2004 – NASA’s MER-A (the Mars Rover Spirit) ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies with Flash Memory management and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6.

2008 – Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 9/11, and Asian stocks drop as much as 15%.

2008 – The Eyak language in Alaska becomes extinct as its last native speaker dies.

 

 

 

Births

 

1337 – Charles V, the Wise, king of France (1364-80)

1338 – King Charles V of France (d. 1380)

1571 – John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam)

1659 – Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch portrait painter/engraver/architect

1721 – James Murray, British military officer, governor of Quebec (d. 1794)

1743 – John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)

1815 – Horace Wells, dentist (pioneered use of medical anethesia)

1821 – John Cabell Breckinridge, (D) 14th US VP (1857-61)/mjr-gen (Confed)

 

 

 

1824 – Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson , Clarksburg, Virginia, Lt Gen 2nd Corps (ANV, Confed), (d. 1863)

 

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1827 – Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)

 

 

 

1855 – John M Browning, US, weapons manufacturer

 

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1882 – Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)

1884 – Katie Sandwina, Germany, legendary woman weight-lifter

1884 – Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (American Civil Liberties Union)

1885 – Umberto Nobile, Italian general

1897 – J Carrol Naish, NYC, actor (Charlie Chan-Adv of Charlie Chan)

1905 – Christian Dior, Normandy France, fashion designer (long-skirted look)

1905 – Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (d. 1978)

1912 – Konrad Bloch, Germany, biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)

 

 

 

1918 – Richard D. Winters, American war hero(see UE Deaths 1.2.13)

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Barney Clark, 1st to receive a permanent artificial heart

1921 – Howard Unruh, American mass murderer

1922 – Paul Scofield, Hurst England, actor (Man for All Seasons, Train)

1923 – Judith Merril, [Josephine Juliet Grossman], sci-fi writer

 

 

 

1924 – Benny Hill, Southampton England, comedian (Benny Hill Show)

 

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1924 – Telly Savalas, Garden City NJ, actor (Acapulco, Kojak)

1926 – Steve Reeves, Glasgow Montana, actor (Hercules, Hercules Unchained)

1930 – Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev, Russia, cosmonaut

1933 – William Wrigley III, chewing gum mogul (Wrigleys)

1935 – Ann Wedgeworth, Abilene Tx, actress (Tiger’s Tale, Men’s Club, Bogie)

1938 – Wolfman Jack, [Bob Smith], Bkln NY, DJ (Midnight Special)

1940 – Jack Nicklaus, Columbus Ohio, golfer (Player of Yr 1967,72,73,75,76)

1940 – Marquis of Tavistock, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1941 – Edwin Starr, [Charles Hatcher], US singer (War)

1941 – Placido Domingo, Madrid Spain, opera tenor (Pinkerton-Mme Butterfly)

1941 – Richie Havens, Bkln, folk singer (Here Comes the Sun)

1942 – Mac Davis, Lubbock Tx, singer/actor (Mac Davis Show, North Dallas 40)

1945 – Chris Britton, rocker (Troggs-Rock & Roll Goldmine)

1947 – Jill Eikenberry, New Haven Ct, (Ann Kelsey-LA Law, Manhattan Project)

1947 – Jimmy Ibbotson, Penn, country singer (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band)

1950 – Billy Ocean, [Leslie S Charles], Trinidad, singer (Caribbean Queen)

1953 – Paul Allen, American entrepreneur, co-founder of Microsoft

1955 – Robby Benson, Dallas Tx, actor (One on One, Running Brave, Chosen)

1955 – Jeff Koons, American artist

1957 – Geena [Virginia] Davis, Wareham Mass, actress (Beetlejuice, Fly)

1962 – Marie Trintignant, French actress (d. 2003)

1962 – Tyler Cowen, American economist

1963 – Hakeem Abdul Olajuwon, Nigeria, NBA center (Rockets, Oly-gold-96)

1965 – Cordell Crockett, rocker (Ugly Kid Joe-Mad Man, Too Bad)

1968 – Charlotte Ross, Chicago, actress (Eve-Days of Our Lives)

1968 – Ulrica Messing, Swedish politician

1971 – Alan McManus, Scottish snooker player

1972 – Cat Power (Chan Marshall), American musician

1974 – Alex Sperafico, Brazilian racing driver

1975 – Anette Oldenborg, Miss Universe-Denmark (1996)

1975 – Faghma Absalom, Miss Universe-Namibia (1996)

1975 – Casey FitzRandolph, American speed skater

1975 – Yuji Ide, Japanese racing driver

1976 - Emma Lee Bunton, “Baby Spice”, Finchley London, vocalist (Spice Girls)

1976 – Lynn Thomas, Newport News VA, playmate (May 1997)

1978 – Tamir “Nokio” Ruffin, American Singer

1978 – Phil Stacey, American Idol finalist

1979 – Spider Loc, American rapper, member of G-Unit

1981 – Izabella Miko, Polish-born actress and model

1985 – Sasha Pivovarova, Russian Model

1986 – Coffin Joe, English drummer ( The Horrors)

 

 

 

Deaths

 

304 – Saint Agnes (martyred) (b. 291)

879 – Boudouin with the Iron Arm, earl of Flanders, dies

917 – Erchanger, Duke of Swabia (c. 880)

1118 – Pope Paschal II, born Raniero (1099-1118) dies

1519 – Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)

1527 – Juan de Grijalva, Spanish conquistador (c. 1489)

1546 – Azai Sukemasa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1491)

1686 – Nicolas-Francois Blondel, French architect, dies

1704 – Willem B Schepers, Dutch merchant/ship owner, dies at about 83

1774 – Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717). Reigns 1757 to 1774. Dies at 56

1793 – Louis XVI, French King (1774-93), beheaded by revolutionaries at 38

1795 – Samuel Wallis, English navigator (b. 1728)

1809 – Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (b. 1729)

1892 – John Couch Adams, English co-discoverer of Neptune, dies

1901 – Elisha Gray, American inventor (b. 1835)

1924 – Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian leader, dies of a stroke at 53

1928 – George Goethals, American army engineer (b. 1858)

1932 – [Giles] Lytton Strachey, British biographer/critic, dies at 51

1950 – George Orwell, author (Animal Farm, 1984), dies in London at 46

1959 – Cecil B de Mille, producer (10 Commandments), dies at 77(b. 1881)

1967 – Ann Sheridan, actress (Pistols ‘n’ Petticoats), dies of cancer at 51

1974 – Lewis L Strauss, head US Atomic Energy Comm (1953-58), dies at 78

 

 

 

1984 – Jackie Wilson, US singer (I Get the Sweetest Feeling), dies at 49

 

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1985 – Barbara Cowsill, rocker (Cowsills), dies of emphysema

1985 – James Beard, American chef and author (b. 1903)

1989 – Billy Tipton, American musician (b. 1914)

1991 – Howard “Red” Grange, football’s galloping ghost, dies at 87

1991 – Richard Bolling, (Rep-D-Mo)/US civil-rights leader, dies at 74

 

 

 

1992 – William T “Champion Jack” Dupree, US boxer/pianist, dies at 81

 

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1994 – Basel al-Assad, Syrian pres Assad son, dies in car accident at 31

1996 – Sam Green, industrialist/inventor, dies at 88

1997 – Colonel Tom Parker, manager (Elvis Presley), dies at 87

1998 – Jack Lord, American actor (b. 1920)

 

 

 

1999 – Charles Brown, American blues singer and pianist (b. 1920)

 

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2001 – Byron De La Beckwith, American white supremacist (b. 1921)

 

 

 

2002 – Peggy Lee, American singer (b. 1920)

 

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2008 – Marie Smith Jones, last native speaker of the Eyak language (b. 1918)

2012 – Roy John Britten, American molecular biologist, dies at 92

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