Today In The Past

 

Events

 

98 – Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.

661 – Rashidun Caliphate ended with death of Ali.

672 – St Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope

847 – Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1142 – Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.

1302 – Dante becomes a Florentine political exile

1343 – Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus.

1662 – 1st American lime kiln begins operation (Providence RI)

 

 

 

1671 – Pirate Henry Morgan lands at Panama City

 

 

 

 

 

1710 – Czar Peter the Great sets 1st Russian state budget

1785 – 1st US state university chartered, Athens Georgia

1823 – President Monroe appoints 1st US ambassadors to South America

 

 

 

1825 – U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.”

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Fair Gardens, TN

1864 – Civil War skirmish at Kelly’s Ford, Va

1870 – 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)

1870 – After accepting 15th amendment, VA is readmitted to Union

1880 – Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

1888 – National Geographic Society organizes (Wash DC)

1891 – Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania

1894 – 1st college basketball game, U of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11

1897 – British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)

1900 – Social Democrat Party of America (Debs’ party) holds 1st convention

1902 – 5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)

1906 – Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec

1908 – Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte

1915 – US Marines occupy Haiti

1917 – Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)

1918 – “Tarzan of the Apes,” 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater

1918 – The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.

1924 – Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square

1926 – 1st public demonstration of television, John L Baird, London

1926 – US Senate agrees to join World Court

1939 – First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.

1940 – -17°F (-27°C), CCC Camp F-16, Georgia (state record)

1941 – Peruvian agent Rivera-Schreiber warns of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor

1942 – -19°F (-27.4°C), Netherland’s coldest day since 1850

1943 – 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)

1944 – Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days with 600,000 killed

1945 – Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)

 

 

 

1945 – Russia liberates Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Wally van Hall, “banker in defiance,” arrested

1948 – 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates

1948 – 1st tape recorder sold

1961 – “Sing Along with Mitch” [Miller] premieres on NBC TV

1963 – Jevgeni Grishin skates world record 500m in 39.6 sec

1964 – Margaret Chase Smith (Sen-R-Maine) tries for Republican Pres bid

1965 – 1st ground station-to-aircraft radio communication via satellite

1967 – Apollo 1 fire kills astronauts Grissom, White & Chaffee

1967 – New Orleans Saints sign their 1st player (Paige Cothren-kicker)

1967 – Treaty banning military use of nuclear weapons in space, signed

1969 – 14 spies hung in Baghdad

1969 – 9 Jews publically executed in Damascus Syria

1970 – Movie rating system modifies “M” rating to “PG”

1973 – UCLA’s basketball team wins 61st consecutive game (NCAA record)

1973 – US & Vietnam sign cease-fire, ending longest US war & milt draft

1973 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1973 – William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign US-N Vietnam treaty

1976 – “Laverne & Shirley” spinoff from “Happy Days” premieres on ABC TV

1977 – 1st broadcast of “Roots” mini-series on ABC TV

1977 – Pres Carter pardons most Vietnam War draft evaders (10,000)

1982 – “Joseph & the Amazing Dreamcoat” opens at Royale NYC for 747 perfs

1983 – World’s longest subaqueous tunnel (53.90 km) opens, Honshu-Hokkaid

1984 – LA Kings end Wayne Gretzky’s NHL-record 51-game scoring streak

1984 – Michael Jackson is burned during filming for Pepsi commercial

1988 – Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves nomination of Judge Anthony M Kennedy to US Supreme Court

1989 – German war criminals Fischer & Aus der Funten freed

1991 – Nadine Strossen is 1st female president of the ACLU

1991 – Superbowl XXV: NY Giants beat Buffalo Bills, 20-19 in Tampa Superbowl MVP: Ottis Anderson, NY Giants, RB

1992 – Mike Tyson goes on trial for rape (he is found guilty)

1992 – Pres candidate Bill Clinton (D) & Genifer Flowers accuse each other of lying over her assertion they had a 12-year affair

1994 – Romanian social-democrats form government with anti-Semites

1996 – 15 day old siamese twins separated-Sarah Morales survives, Sarahi dies

1996 – Catherine Roskam becomes the 1st NY female Episcopal bishop

1996 – Germany celebrates it’s 1st Holocaust Rememberance Day

1996 – Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, in a military coup.

1998 – Crane crashes into Roosevelt Is (NYC) Tram, injuring 10

1998 – Roland Clarkson discovers 2^3021377-1 (37th known Mersenne prime)

 

 

 

Births

 

1443 – Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)

1546 – Joachim III Frederick, elector (Brandenburg)

1556 – Abbas I, “the Great,” shah of Persia (1587-1629)

1585 – Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)

1621 – Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)

1756 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austria, musical prodigy/composer (Figaro), (d. 1791)

1775 – Friedrich von Schelling, Germany, philosopher (Views on Christianity)

1805 – Samuel Palmer, London, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision)

1814 – Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)

1821 – John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)

1822 – Thomas Leiper Kane, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883

1826 – Richard Taylor, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879

1828 – Samuel Allen Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864

1830 – William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1832 – Lewis Carroll, [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson], Halton, Cheshire, author (Alice in Wonderland), (d. 1898)

1834 – Dmitri Mendeleev, chemist (discovered periodic table of the elements)

1834 – Robert Sanford Foster, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1836 – Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)

1848 – Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)

1850 – Samuel Gompers, Dutch/US 1st president (American Federation of Labor)

1850 – Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)

1872 – Learned Hand, Albany NY, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals)

1885 – Jerome Kern, NYC, Broadway composer (Showboat, Roberta)

1887 – Carl Blegen, Minneapolis, archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos)

1889 – Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)

1894 – Fritz Pollard, early black NFL star (1920-26)

 

 

 

1900 – Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1901 – Art Rooney, NFL team owner (Pittsburgh Steelers)

1903 – John Eccles, British physiologist/neurologist

1903 – Otto P. Weyland, American military figure (d. 1979)

1905 – Howard McNear, LA California, actor (Floyd-Andy Griffith Show, Jetsons)

1907 – Henry Cotton, English golf champion (won 3x British Open)

1908 – William Randolph Hearst Jr, newspaper publisher (Hearst Publishing)

1908 – Oran Page, American musician (d. 1954)

1912 – Lawrence Durrell, Darjeeling, Indian/British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet)

1912 – Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher

1914 – Anna Larina, revolutionary

 

 

 

1918 – Elmore James, bluesman,slide guitarist (Dust My Broom)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1918 – Skitch Henderson, Birmingham England, orchestra leader (Tonight Show)

1918 – William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)

1919 – David Seville, [Ross Bagdasarian], Fresno California, (Alvin & Chipmunks)

1920 – John Box, British film production designer and art director (d. 2005)

1921 – Donna Reed, Denison Iowa, (From Here to Eternity, Wonderful Life)

1924 – Sabu, [Dastagir], India, actor (Elephant Boy, Drum)

1925 – John Bury, designer

1927 – Joe Perry, AAFC/NFL Hall of Fame fullback (SF 49ers, Balt Colts)

1929 – Ingrid Thulin, Solleftea Sweden, actress (Cries & Whispers, Damned)

 

 

 

1930 – Bobby “Blue” Bland, Rosemark TN, blues singer (Call on the Drummer)

 

Videos

 

 

 

1931 – Mordecai Richler, Montreal author, (Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz)

1933 – Mohamed Al Fayed, CEO (Harrods)

1934 – Donald Spiers, controller (Aircraft MoD)

1936 – Troy Donahue, NYC, actor (Surfside Six, Cockfighter, Hawaiian Eye)

1936 – Samuel Ting, Ann Arbor, Michigan, American physicist, Nobel Laureate

1938 – Kim Gardner, rocker (Byrds)

1938 – Timothy Elworthy, Captain of The Queen’s Flight

1940 – Brian T O’Leary, Boston Mass, astronaut

1942 – James Cromwell, LA California, actor (Stretch-All in the Family, Babe)

1942 – John Witherspoon, American actor

1943 – A H Harper, CEO (Baltic Exchange)

1944 – Nicholas Berkeley Mason, drummer (Pink Floyd-Brick in the Wall)

1945 – Mairead Corrigan-Maguire, North Irish peace activist (Nobel 1976)

1945 – Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)

1946 – Kim Gardner, England, rock bassist (Ashton, Gardner & Dyke)

1947 – Nedra Telley, NYC, vocalist (Ronettes-Be My Little Baby)

1947 – Björn Afzelius, Swedish singer (d. 1999)

1948 – Mikhail Baryshnikov, Riga Latvia, ballet dancer (That’s Dancing)

1950 – Amos Grunebaum, Israeli-born physician

1950 – Derek Acorah, English spirit medium

1951 – Brian Downey, rock drummer (Thin Lizzy-Boys are Back in Town)

1951 – Seth Justman, Wash DC, rock keyboardist (J Geils Band-Centerfold)

1952 – “White Shoes” Johnson, American football player

1954 – Kimberly J “Kim” Hughes, Australian cricketer

1954 – Peter Laird, American comic-book artist

1954 – Joko Ninomiya, Japanese martial artist

1955 – Richard Young, Glasgow Ky, singer (Kentucky Headhunters-Davy Crockett)

1955 – John G. Roberts, 17th Chief Justice of the United States

1955 – Koji Ushikubo, Japanese racing driver

1956 – Mimi Rogers, Coral Gables Fla, actress (Paper Dolls, The Rousters)

 

 

 

1957 – Frank Miller, US, comicbook writer (Batman-The Dark Knight Returns)

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – Keith Olbermann, American news presenter

1961 – Charlotte Kemp, Omaha Ne, playmate (Dec, 1982)

1961 – Jean-Paul Banos, Lavelanet France, Canada sabre (Oly-9/10-88, 92, 96)

1961 – Karen Velez, Rockville Ctr NY, playmate (December, 1984)

1961 – Margo Timmins, singer (Cowboy Junkies)

1961 – Martin Degville, rocker (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)

1961 – Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer

1962 – James F Doehring, Santa Barbara CA, shot putter (Olympics-silver-1992)

1964 – Bridget Fonda, LA California, actress (Scandal, Single White Female)

1968 – Mike Patton, Eureka Ca, rocker (Faith No More-The Real Thing)

1968 – Tracy Lawrence, Atlanta Tx, country singer (Sticks & Stones)

1968 – Tricky, English rapper

1969 – Kristen Danihy, Lawton Oklahoma, team handball circle/wing (Olympics-1996)

1969 – Phil Plantier, Manchester NH, outfielder (SD Padres, Red Sox, A’s)

1969 – Patton Oswalt, American actor and writer

1970 – Jon Douglas Rainey, American TV personality

1972 – Guillermo, Mexican-born American TV personality

1973 – Eddie Davis, CFL cornerback (Calgary Stampeders)

1973 – Margot Bourgeois, Miss Universe-3rd place (Trinidad & Tobago, 1997)

1976 – Haimish Karrasch, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1979 – Liesbet Van Breedam, Belgian beach volleyball player

1981 – Jonny Lang, blues musician

 

 

 

Deaths

 

98 – Marius Cocceius Nerva, emperor of Rome (96-98), dies at about 67

661 – Death of Ali, the final Sunni Rashidun and first Shia Imam.(b. 599 or 600)

672 – Vitalianus, pope (657-72)/saint, dies

847 – Sergius II, pope (844-47), dies

1164 – Abraham ibn Ezra, poet/philosopher, dies

1490 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (b. 1435)

1540 – Angela Merici, Italian monk/monastery, dies

1629 – Hieronymus Praetorius, composer, dies at 68

1699 – William Temple, statesman, dies

1816 – Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood/admiral, dies at 92

1850 – J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85

1851 – John James Audubon, conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65

1860 – János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802)

1864 – Franz von Klenze, German architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59

1880 – Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)

1901 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer, dies at 77

1921 – Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian soldier (b. 1891)

1927 – Georgios Grivas, Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army

1967 – Alphonse Juin, French marshal, dies at 78

 

 

 

1967 – Edward Higgins White II, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Gemini 4), dies at 36

 

 

 

1967 – Roger B Chaffee, astronaut, dies at 31 in Apollo I fire

 

 

 

 

1967 – Virgil I (Gus) Grissom, astronaut, dies at 40 in Apollo I fire

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer (He Got the Whole World), dies at 60

1972 – Richard Courant, German/US mathematician, dies at 84

1974 – Georgios Grivas, Greek gen/oppos leader on Cyprus (EOKA), dies at 75

1978 – Oscar Homolka, actor (7 Year Itch, Ball of Fire), dies at 79

1983 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, US football coach (Alabama), dies at 69

1986 – L Ron Hubbard, novelist/founder (Church of Scientology), dies at 74

1986 – Lilli Palmer, German actress (Boys from Brazil, Kinder), dies at 71

1992 – Gene Harris, entertainer, dies after long illness

1993 – Andre “the Giant” Roussimoff, WWF wrestler, dies of heart attack at 49

1994 – Claude Akins, actor (Rio Bravo, Lobo), dies of cancer at 67

1994 – Eddie Calhoun, jazz Bassist, dies at 72

1995 – Geoffrey Parsons, Australian/British pianist, dies at 65

1995 – Halsey S Colchester, British SAS/MI6-spy/priest, dies at 76

1996 – John Patrick Sutton Ludlow, actor (Agatha), dies at 93

1996 – Julian Hill, research chemist, dies at 91

1997 – Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me) (b. 1900)

2004 – Jack Paar, American television show host (b. 1918)

2006 – Gene McFadden, American singer and songwriter (b. 1948)

2006 – Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (disappeared) (b. 1965)

2007 – Tige Andrews, American actor (b. 1920)

2009 – John Updike, American Novelist (b. 1932)

2010 – J. D. Salinger, American novelist (b. 1919)

2010 – Howard Zinn, American historian (b. 1922)

2010 – Zelda Rubinstein, American actress (b. 1933)

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