Today In The Past

 

 

Events

 

1377 – Cardinal Robert of Geneva (anti-pope Clemens VII) starts term

1377 – Mass execution of population of Cesena Italy

1451 – Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.

1488 – Bartholomeus Diaz discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)

1509 – The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.

1576 – Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris

1660 – General Moncks army reaches London

1690 – 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass)

1743 – Philadelphia establishes a “pesthouse” to quarantine immigrants

1783 – Spain recognizes US independence

1807 – A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.

1809 – Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)

1815 – World’s 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland

1834 – Wake Forest University is established.

1836 – Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)

1855 – Wisconsin Supreme Ct declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional

1864 – Sherman’s march through Mississippi

1865 – Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse

1870 – 15th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed

1876 – Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football

1882 – Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo

1887 – To avoid disputed natl elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act

1894 – 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched, Bath, Me

1895 – Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)

1900 – Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.

1908 – Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act

1913 – 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified

1915 – Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal

1916 – Canada’s original Parliament buildings, in Ottawa, burns down

1917 – US liner Housatonic sunk by German sub & diplomatic relations severed

1919 – League of Nations 1st meeting (Paris)

1930 – Vietnamese Communistic Party forms

1930 – William Howard Taft, resigns as chief justice for health reasons

1931 – Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state “apex of moronia”

1931 – The Hawke’s Bay earthquake, New Zealand’s worst natural disaster, kills 258

1941 – Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets min wages & max hrs

1942 – 1st Japanese air raid on Java

1943 – 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others

1944 – World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.

1945 – Almost 1000 Flying Fortresses drop 3000 ton bombs on Berlin

1945 – Walt Disney’s “3 Caballeros” released

1947 – -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)

1947 – 1st black reporter in Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)

1948 – Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US

1950 – Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spy charges

1951 – Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time

1951 – Largest purse to date in horse racing, $144,323, won by Great Circle

1953 – J Fred Muggs, a chimp, becomes a regular on NBC’s Today Show

 

 

 

1956 – Toni Sailor becomes 1st Olympic skier to sweep 3 alpine events

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – American Airlines Electra crashes in NY’s East River, killing 65

1961 – 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4″ (44.2cm))

1962 – John Uelses pole vaults record 489 cm

1962 – Pres Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs

1965 – 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating on exams

1965 – Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)

1966 – 1st operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched US

1966 – 1st soft landing on Moon (Soviet Luna 9)

1967 – “Purple Haze” recorded by Jimi Hendrix

1967 – Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.

1969 – The Palestine National Congress appointed Yasser Arafat head of PLO

1972 – 11th Winter Olympic games opens in Sapporo, Japan (1st in Asia)

1973 – Dr Hook’s “Cover of “Rolling Stone”” enters Top 40 & peaks at #6

1973 – President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act into law

1979 – “YMCA” by Village People peaks at #2 on pop singles chart

1979 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne

1982 – Greatest helicopter lift, 56,888 kg, Podmoscovnoe, USSR

1982 – John Sharples of England finishes disco dancing 371 hours

1982 – Porn star John Holmes ordered to stand trial for murder

1986 – Pres Reagan announces formation of Comm on Challenger Accident

1987 – SD Yacht Club celebrates return of America’s Cup

1989 – Military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay

1990 – Darryl Strawberry voluntarily enters Smither Center for Alcohol rehabilitation

1990 – Jockey Billy Shoemaker (58), retires after 40,350 horse race

1992 – Defense opens calling Noriega “our ally in war on drugs”

1992 – Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $300 per week

1993 – Cin Red owner Marge Schott suspended for 1 year due to racist comments

1993 – Federal trial of 4 police officers charged with civil rights violations in videotaped beating of Rodney King begins in LA Calif

1994 – Pres Bill Clinton lifts US trade embargo against Vietnam

1998 – Stamps commemorating Princess Diana go on sale across Britain

1998 – US military plane clips cable car lines in northern Italy, kills 20

1998 – Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former teacher, violates probation with 14 year-old father of her baby

1998 – Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.

2011 – All available blocks of IPv4 internet addresses are officially distributed to regional authorities.

 

 

 

Births

 

1338 – Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)

1368 – Charles VI, King of France (1380-1422)

1525 – Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina, composer

1655 – Francois Fagel, Dutch fieldmarshal, baptized

1677 – Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)

1721 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)

 

 

 

1747 – Samuel Osgood, American patriot (d. 1813)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1784 – John Fane graaf van Westmorland, English (opera)composer/diplomat

1795 – Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)

 

 

 

1807 – Joseph Eggleston Johnston, Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1891

 

 

 

 

 

 

1809 – Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Hamburg Germ, composer (Great Scherzos)

1811 – Horace Greeley, editor (“Go west, young man”)

1817 – Samuel Ryan Curtis, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866

1817 – Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)

1820 – Elisha Kent Kane, US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)

1821 – Elizabeth Blackwell, Bristol England, 1st woman physician

1823 – Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood’s Hole Station)

1824 – George Thomas “Tige” Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1824 – Nathan George “Shanks” Evans, Brig Gen (Confederacy), died in 1868

1826 – Walter Bagehot, England, economist/sociologist

1830 – Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902)

1831 – Cyrus Ballou Comstock, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1910

1859 – Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)

1874 – Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)

1878 – Joseph Gordon Coates, PM of New Zealand (1925-28)

1879 – Charles Follis, 1st black NFLer (Shelby, Ohio)

1883 – Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)

1893 – Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)

1894 – Norman Rockwell, US, artist/illustrator (Sat Evening Post covers)

1898 – Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)

1899 – Forrest “Red” DeBernardi, basketball hall of famer (elected 1961)

1904 – Charlie “Pretty Boy” Floyd, FBI Most Wanted criminal

1907 – James A Michner, NYC, writer (South Pacific, Hawaii, Space)

1907 – James Michener, American author (d. 1997)

1908 – Oddbjorn Hagen, Norway, cross country jumper (Olympic-gold-1936)

 

 

 

1909 – Simone Weil, Paris, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WW II)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1911 – Jesse Thomas, blues singer

1913 – Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)

1918 – Joey Bishop, [Gottlieb], Bronx, talk show host (Joey Bishop Show)

1918 – Helen Stephens, Fulton Mo, American 100m runner (double Olympic gold-1936)

1920 – Henry Heimlich, doctor/inventor (Heimlich maneuver)

1920 – Stan Ockers, Belgian bicyclist (Tour de France 1955, 56)

1920 – Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver

1925 – John Fiedler, Platville Wisc, actor (Mr Peterson-Newhart)

1926 – Arthur Arfons, auto racer/designer (Green Monster 1964-536.71 MPH)

1926 – Shelley Berman, Chicago, comedian (Son of Blob, Love American Style)

1928 – Mr [Fred] Rogers, Latrobe, Pa, kid host (Mr Roger’s Neighorhood)

 

 

 

1935 – Johnny “Guitar” Watson, bluesman, guitarist

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1938 – Victor Buono, SD California, actor (Man from Atlantis, Untouchables)

1938 – Vladimir Grigoryevich Fartushny, Russia, cosmonaut

1938 – Emile Griffith, US Virgin Islands professional boxer

1940 – Fran Tarkenton, Richmond Va, NFL QB (NY Giants, Minnesota Vikings)

1943 – Blythe Danner, Phila PA, actress (Butterflies are Free)

1943 – Dennis Edwards, rocker (Temptations-Aint Too Proud To Beg, My Girl)

1945 – Bob Griese, NFL quarterback (Miami Dolphins, 1971 Player of Year)

1945 – Johnny Cymbal, rocker (Mr Bass Man)

 

 

 

1947 – Dave Davies, London, rock vocalist/guitarist (Kinks-Lola)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1947 – Melanie, [Safka], Astoria, vocalist/songwriter (Candles in Rain)

1949 – Oscar Benton, Dutch blues vocalist/guitarist (Ze is Zoals Jij)

1950 – Morgan Fairchild, [Patsy McClenny], Dallas Tx, actress (Falcon Crest)

1951 – Felipe Munoz, Mexico, 200m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1968)

1952 – Fred Lynn, Chicago, baseball outfielder (Boston, California, Baltimore)

1956 – Nathan Lane, Jersey NJ, actor (One of the Boys, Frankie & Johnnie)

1956 – Pamela Cossey, England, model/sister of transsexual Tula

1956 – Lee Ranaldo, American musician (Sonic Youth)

1957 – Michele Greene, Las Vegas Nevada, actress (Abby Perkins-LA Law)

1958 – Joe Frank Edwards Jr, Richmond Va, Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 89)

1958 – Lee Crystal, rocker (Joan Jett & Blackhearts-Ashes in the Wind)

1958 – N. Gregory Mankiw, American economist

1959 – Molly Killingbeck, Jamaica, 4X400m relayer (Olympic-silver-1984)

1961 – Jay Adams, American skateboarder

1961 – Linda Eder, American singer

1965 – Dorcas Wonsavage, Madison Wis, cross country skier (Olympics-1994)

1965 – Kathleen Kimont, LA California, actress (Fraternity Vacation, Renegade)

1965 – Maura Tierney, Boston, actress (Lisa-Newsradio)

1966 – Gillian Bonner, Athens GA, playmate (Apr, 1996)

1966 – Sean Patrick Wade, Houston Texas, NZ marathoner (Olympics-96)

1967 – Jason Morris, Scotia NY, half-middleweight judoka (Oly-silver-92, 96)

1967 – Natalie Hunter, Melbourne VIC Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1976 – Isla Fisher, Australian actress

1989 – Ryne Sanborn, American actor

1990 – Cody Newton Gifford, son of Kathie Lee & Frank Gifford

1994 – Tallulah Belle Willis, 3rd daughter of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore

 

 

 

Deaths

 

474 – Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (457-74), dies

619 – Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury

699 – Saint Werburgh

865 – Ansgar/Anscharius/Oskar, German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg/saint, dies

1014 – Sweyn Forkbeard, Viking king of Denmark, Norway and England (1013-14), dies

1116 – King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)

1399 – John of Ghent, duke of Lancaster/king of Castile & Leon, dies at 58

1428 – Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)

1468 – Johann Gensfleisch Gutenberg, printer, dies

1536 – Garcia de Resende, Port writer/publisher (Cancioneiro Geral), dies

1619 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)

1697 – Sjoucke Gabbes, Frisian sailor, dies/buried on Dirk-Hartog Island

1737 – Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)

1862 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer, dies at 87

1874 – Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)

 

 

 

1889 – Belle Starr, US female gangster, murdered at 40

 

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – Christiaan R de Wet, South African Boer general, dies at 67

1922 – John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)

1924 – Woodrow Wilson, 28th US president (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67

1925 – Jaap Eden, Dutch World champion bicyclist/speed skating, dies at 51

1929 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)

1931 – Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72

1935 – Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)

1943 – Alexander Goode, rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns

1945 – Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies

1947 – Marc A “Pete” Mitscher, US lt-adm (WW II-Task Force 58), dies at 60

1956 – Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)

1956 – Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916)

1958 – Henry Kuttner, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were), dies at 42

1959 – Big Bopper, rocker, dies in plane crash at 28
1959 – Buddy Holly, rocker (That’ll be the Day), dies in a plane crash at 22
1959 – Richie Valens, rock vocalist (Donna), killed in plane crash at 17

1964 – Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)

1971 – Jay C Flippen, actor (Ensign O’Toole), dies at 72

1975 – William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (b. 1873)

1984 – Ravindara Mhatrem, Indian diplomat, killed in England

1985 – Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)

1989 – John Cassavetes, actor/director (Husbands, Dirty Dozen), dies at 59

 

 

 

1991 – Nancy Kulp, actress (Jane Hathaway-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 69

 

 

 

 

 

1995 – Turner Fodrell, blues singer/guitarist, dies at 66

1996 – Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property Developer, dies at 81

 

 

 

1996 – Wild Jimmy Spruill, blues guitarist, dies at 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

1997 – William Geoffrey Biddle, bomb disposal expert, dies at 79

1998 – Karla Faye Tucker, murderer, executed at 38

2003 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (b. 1962)

2005 – Ernst Mayr, German-born biologist (b. 1904)

 

 

 

2006 – Al Lewis, American actor (b. 1923)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Pedro Knight, Cuban-American musician, husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz (b. 1921)

2008 – Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot (b. 1916)

2009 – Sheng-yen, Buddhist monk and founder of Dharma Drum Mountain. (b. 1930)

2010 – Regina, Crown Princess of Austria (b. 1925)

2011 – Maria Schneider, French actress (b. 1952)

2012 – Norton Zinder, American biologist, dies from pneumonia at 83

2012 – Christopher Samuel Youd, British science fiction writer, dies at 89

2012 – Ben Gazzara, American actor, dies from pancreatic cancer at 81

2012 – Zalman King, American actor and director, dies from cancer at 69

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