Today In The Past

 

 

Events

 

1377 - Cardinal Robert of Geneva (anti-pope Clemens VII) starts term

1377 - Mass execution of population of Cesena Italy

1451 - Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.

1488 - Bartholomeus Diaz discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)

1509 - The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.

1576 - Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris

1660 - General Moncks army reaches London

1690 - 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass)

1743 - Philadelphia establishes a “pesthouse” to quarantine immigrants

1783 - Spain recognizes US independence

1807 - A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.

1809 - Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)

1815 - World’s 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland

1834 - Wake Forest University is established.

1836 - Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)

1855 - Wisconsin Supreme Ct declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional

1864 - Sherman’s march through Mississippi

1865 - Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse

1870 - 15th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed

1876 - Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football

1882 - Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo

1887 - To avoid disputed natl elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act

1894 - 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched, Bath, Me

1895 - Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)

1900 - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.

1908 - Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act

1913 - 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified

1915 - Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal

1916 - Canada’s original Parliament buildings, in Ottawa, burns down

1917 - US liner Housatonic sunk by German sub & diplomatic relations severed

1919 - League of Nations 1st meeting (Paris)

1930 - Vietnamese Communistic Party forms

1930 - William Howard Taft, resigns as chief justice for health reasons

1931 - Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state “apex of moronia”

1931 - The Hawke’s Bay earthquake, New Zealand’s worst natural disaster, kills 258

1941 - Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets min wages & max hrs

1942 - 1st Japanese air raid on Java

1943 - 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others

1944 - World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.

1945 - Almost 1000 Flying Fortresses drop 3000 ton bombs on Berlin

1945 - Walt Disney’s “3 Caballeros” released

1947 - -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)

1947 - 1st black reporter in Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)

1948 - Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US

1950 - Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spy charges

1951 - Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time

1951 - Largest purse to date in horse racing, $144,323, won by Great Circle

1953 - J Fred Muggs, a chimp, becomes a regular on NBC’s Today Show

 

 

 

1956 - Toni Sailor becomes 1st Olympic skier to sweep 3 alpine events

 

 

 

 

 

1959 - American Airlines Electra crashes in NY’s East River, killing 65

1961 - 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4″ (44.2cm))

1962 - John Uelses pole vaults record 489 cm

1962 - Pres Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs

1965 - 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating on exams

1965 - Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)

1966 - 1st operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched US

1966 - 1st soft landing on Moon (Soviet Luna 9)

1967 - “Purple Haze” recorded by Jimi Hendrix

1967 - Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.

1969 - The Palestine National Congress appointed Yasser Arafat head of PLO

1972 - 11th Winter Olympic games opens in Sapporo, Japan (1st in Asia)

1973 - Dr Hook’s “Cover of “Rolling Stone”” enters Top 40 & peaks at #6

1973 - President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act into law

1979 - “YMCA” by Village People peaks at #2 on pop singles chart

1979 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne

1982 - Greatest helicopter lift, 56,888 kg, Podmoscovnoe, USSR

1982 - John Sharples of England finishes disco dancing 371 hours

1982 - Porn star John Holmes ordered to stand trial for murder

1986 - Pres Reagan announces formation of Comm on Challenger Accident

1987 - SD Yacht Club celebrates return of America’s Cup

1989 - Military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay

1990 - Darryl Strawberry voluntarily enters Smither Center for Alcohol rehabilitation

1990 - Jockey Billy Shoemaker (58), retires after 40,350 horse race

1992 - Defense opens calling Noriega “our ally in war on drugs”

1992 - Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $300 per week

1993 - Cin Red owner Marge Schott suspended for 1 year due to racist comments

1993 - Federal trial of 4 police officers charged with civil rights violations in videotaped beating of Rodney King begins in LA Calif

1994 - Pres Bill Clinton lifts US trade embargo against Vietnam

1998 - Stamps commemorating Princess Diana go on sale across Britain

1998 - US military plane clips cable car lines in northern Italy, kills 20

1998 - Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former teacher, violates probation with 14 year-old father of her baby

1998 - Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.

2011 - All available blocks of IPv4 internet addresses are officially distributed to regional authorities.

 

 

 

Births

 

1338 - Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)

1368 - Charles VI, King of France (1380-1422)

1525 - Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina, composer

1655 - Francois Fagel, Dutch fieldmarshal, baptized

1677 - Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)

1721 - Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)

 

 

 

1747 - Samuel Osgood, American patriot (d. 1813)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1784 - John Fane graaf van Westmorland, English (opera)composer/diplomat

1795 - Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)

 

 

 

1807 - Joseph Eggleston Johnston, Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1891

 

 

 

 

 

 

1809 - Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Hamburg Germ, composer (Great Scherzos)

1811 - Horace Greeley, editor (“Go west, young man”)

1817 - Samuel Ryan Curtis, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866

1817 - Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)

1820 - Elisha Kent Kane, US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)

1821 - Elizabeth Blackwell, Bristol England, 1st woman physician

1823 - Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood’s Hole Station)

1824 - George Thomas “Tige” Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1824 - Nathan George “Shanks” Evans, Brig Gen (Confederacy), died in 1868

1826 - Walter Bagehot, England, economist/sociologist

1830 - Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902)

1831 - Cyrus Ballou Comstock, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1910

1859 - Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)

1874 - Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)

1878 - Joseph Gordon Coates, PM of New Zealand (1925-28)

1879 - Charles Follis, 1st black NFLer (Shelby, Ohio)

1883 - Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)

1893 - Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)

1894 - Norman Rockwell, US, artist/illustrator (Sat Evening Post covers)

1898 - Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)

1899 - Forrest “Red” DeBernardi, basketball hall of famer (elected 1961)

1904 - Charlie “Pretty Boy” Floyd, FBI Most Wanted criminal

1907 - James A Michner, NYC, writer (South Pacific, Hawaii, Space)

1907 - James Michener, American author (d. 1997)

1908 - Oddbjorn Hagen, Norway, cross country jumper (Olympic-gold-1936)

 

 

 

1909 - Simone Weil, Paris, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WW II)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1911 - Jesse Thomas, blues singer

1913 - Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)

1918 - Joey Bishop, [Gottlieb], Bronx, talk show host (Joey Bishop Show)

1918 - Helen Stephens, Fulton Mo, American 100m runner (double Olympic gold-1936)

1920 - Henry Heimlich, doctor/inventor (Heimlich maneuver)

1920 - Stan Ockers, Belgian bicyclist (Tour de France 1955, 56)

1920 - Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver

1925 - John Fiedler, Platville Wisc, actor (Mr Peterson-Newhart)

1926 - Arthur Arfons, auto racer/designer (Green Monster 1964-536.71 MPH)

1926 - Shelley Berman, Chicago, comedian (Son of Blob, Love American Style)

1928 - Mr [Fred] Rogers, Latrobe, Pa, kid host (Mr Roger’s Neighorhood)

 

 

 

1935 - Johnny “Guitar” Watson, bluesman, guitarist

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1938 - Victor Buono, SD California, actor (Man from Atlantis, Untouchables)

1938 - Vladimir Grigoryevich Fartushny, Russia, cosmonaut

1938 - Emile Griffith, US Virgin Islands professional boxer

1940 - Fran Tarkenton, Richmond Va, NFL QB (NY Giants, Minnesota Vikings)

1943 - Blythe Danner, Phila PA, actress (Butterflies are Free)

1943 - Dennis Edwards, rocker (Temptations-Aint Too Proud To Beg, My Girl)

1945 - Bob Griese, NFL quarterback (Miami Dolphins, 1971 Player of Year)

1945 - Johnny Cymbal, rocker (Mr Bass Man)

 

 

 

1947 - Dave Davies, London, rock vocalist/guitarist (Kinks-Lola)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1947 - Melanie, [Safka], Astoria, vocalist/songwriter (Candles in Rain)

1949 - Oscar Benton, Dutch blues vocalist/guitarist (Ze is Zoals Jij)

1950 - Morgan Fairchild, [Patsy McClenny], Dallas Tx, actress (Falcon Crest)

1951 - Felipe Munoz, Mexico, 200m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1968)

1952 - Fred Lynn, Chicago, baseball outfielder (Boston, California, Baltimore)

1956 - Nathan Lane, Jersey NJ, actor (One of the Boys, Frankie & Johnnie)

1956 - Pamela Cossey, England, model/sister of transsexual Tula

1956 - Lee Ranaldo, American musician (Sonic Youth)

1957 - Michele Greene, Las Vegas Nevada, actress (Abby Perkins-LA Law)

1958 - Joe Frank Edwards Jr, Richmond Va, Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 89)

1958 - Lee Crystal, rocker (Joan Jett & Blackhearts-Ashes in the Wind)

1958 - N. Gregory Mankiw, American economist

1959 - Molly Killingbeck, Jamaica, 4X400m relayer (Olympic-silver-1984)

1961 - Jay Adams, American skateboarder

1961 - Linda Eder, American singer

1965 - Dorcas Wonsavage, Madison Wis, cross country skier (Olympics-1994)

1965 - Kathleen Kimont, LA California, actress (Fraternity Vacation, Renegade)

1965 - Maura Tierney, Boston, actress (Lisa-Newsradio)

1966 - Gillian Bonner, Athens GA, playmate (Apr, 1996)

1966 - Sean Patrick Wade, Houston Texas, NZ marathoner (Olympics-96)

1967 - Jason Morris, Scotia NY, half-middleweight judoka (Oly-silver-92, 96)

1967 - Natalie Hunter, Melbourne VIC Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1976 - Isla Fisher, Australian actress

1989 - Ryne Sanborn, American actor

1990 - Cody Newton Gifford, son of Kathie Lee & Frank Gifford

1994 - Tallulah Belle Willis, 3rd daughter of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore

 

 

 

Deaths

 

474 - Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (457-74), dies

619 - Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury

699 - Saint Werburgh

865 - Ansgar/Anscharius/Oskar, German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg/saint, dies

1014 - Sweyn Forkbeard, Viking king of Denmark, Norway and England (1013-14), dies

1116 - King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)

1399 - John of Ghent, duke of Lancaster/king of Castile & Leon, dies at 58

1428 - Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)

1468 - Johann Gensfleisch Gutenberg, printer, dies

1536 - Garcia de Resende, Port writer/publisher (Cancioneiro Geral), dies

1619 - Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)

1697 - Sjoucke Gabbes, Frisian sailor, dies/buried on Dirk-Hartog Island

1737 - Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)

1862 - Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer, dies at 87

1874 - Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)

 

 

 

1889 - Belle Starr, US female gangster, murdered at 40

 

 

 

 

 

 

1922 - Christiaan R de Wet, South African Boer general, dies at 67

1922 - John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)

1924 - Woodrow Wilson, 28th US president (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67

1925 - Jaap Eden, Dutch World champion bicyclist/speed skating, dies at 51

1929 - Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)

1931 - Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72

1935 - Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)

1943 - Alexander Goode, rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns

1945 - Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies

1947 - Marc A “Pete” Mitscher, US lt-adm (WW II-Task Force 58), dies at 60

1956 - Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)

1956 - Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916)

1958 - Henry Kuttner, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were), dies at 42

1959 - Big Bopper, rocker, dies in plane crash at 28
1959 - Buddy Holly, rocker (That’ll be the Day), dies in a plane crash at 22
1959 - Richie Valens, rock vocalist (Donna), killed in plane crash at 17

1964 - Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)

1971 - Jay C Flippen, actor (Ensign O’Toole), dies at 72

1975 - William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (b. 1873)

1984 - Ravindara Mhatrem, Indian diplomat, killed in England

1985 - Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)

1989 - John Cassavetes, actor/director (Husbands, Dirty Dozen), dies at 59

 

 

 

1991 - Nancy Kulp, actress (Jane Hathaway-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 69

 

 

 

 

 

1995 - Turner Fodrell, blues singer/guitarist, dies at 66

1996 - Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property Developer, dies at 81

 

 

 

1996 - Wild Jimmy Spruill, blues guitarist, dies at 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

1997 - William Geoffrey Biddle, bomb disposal expert, dies at 79

1998 - Karla Faye Tucker, murderer, executed at 38

2003 - Lana Clarkson, American actress (b. 1962)

2005 - Ernst Mayr, German-born biologist (b. 1904)

 

 

 

2006 - Al Lewis, American actor (b. 1923)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2007 - Pedro Knight, Cuban-American musician, husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz (b. 1921)

2008 - Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot (b. 1916)

2009 - Sheng-yen, Buddhist monk and founder of Dharma Drum Mountain. (b. 1930)

2010 - Regina, Crown Princess of Austria (b. 1925)

2011 - Maria Schneider, French actress (b. 1952)

2012 - Norton Zinder, American biologist, dies from pneumonia at 83

2012 - Christopher Samuel Youd, British science fiction writer, dies at 89

2012 - Ben Gazzara, American actor, dies from pancreatic cancer at 81

2012 - Zalman King, American actor and director, dies from cancer at 69

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