Today In The Past

 

 

Events

 

202 BC - Hannibal Barcaleader of the invading Carthaginian armyis defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus in the Battle of Zama.

 

 

 

 

 

 

439 - The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.

1031 - Abbot Humbertus van Echternach opens grave of Saint Willibrord

1216 - King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.

1453 - 2nd Battle at Castillon: France beats English, end of hundred year war

1466 - The Thirteen Years’ War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn.

1492 - Columbus sites “Isabela” (Fortune Island, Bahamas)

1512 - Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).

1722 - French C Hopffer patents fire extinguisher

1765 - Stamp Act Congress met in NY, wrote decl of rights & liberties

 

 

 

1781 - Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 PM; Revolutionary War ends(see UE 10/16 & 10/17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1812 - Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow

1818 - US & Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty

1856 - James Kelly & Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne

1859 - Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope

1863 - Battle of Buckland Mills, VA

 

 

 

1864 - Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St AlbansVermont

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 - Battle of Cedar CreekVirginiaUnion beats back Conf attackers

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 - US brig-gen Emory Upton (25promoted to major-general

 

 

 

 

 

 

1870 - 1st (4) blacks elected to House of Reps

1872 - World’s largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales

1879 - Thomas Edison demonstrates electric light

1882 - Pierre de Brazza meets Henry Morton Stanley

1900 - Henry O Tanner, painter, wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition

1914 - US post office 1st used an automobile to collect & deliver mail

1919 - 1st Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman

 

 

 

1926 - John C Garand patents semi-automatic rifle

 

 

 

 

 

 

1932 - Austria forbids demonstration by nazi’s & anti fascists

1935 - Mao Tse Tung’s army reaches Shanxi

1943 - Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.

 

 

 

1944 - US forces land in Philippines

 

 

 

 

 

1950 - UN forces entered Pyongyang, capital of North Korea

1951 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Texas Women’s Golf Open

1951 - Pres Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany

1953 - 1st jet transcontinental nonstop scheduled service

1953 - Singer Julius LaRosa is fired on TV by Arthur Godfrey

1954 - Egypt & Great Britain sign treaty; British troops departs

1959 - Florence Henderson joins Today Show panel

1962 - Stalin-monument removed in Prague

1968 - Golden Gate Bridge charges tolls only for southbound cars

1970 - Amdahl Corp forms at Sunnyvale Calif

1971 - Last issue of “Look” magazine is published

1973 - Ringo releases “Photograph”

1976 - Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon. The same day, the Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) is placed on the List of Endangered Species.

1977 - Corpse of kidnapped West German, H M Schleyer, found

 

 

 

 

1977 - Supersonic Concorde jet’s 1st landing in NYC

 

 

 

 

 

1981 - Nicolaas Bloembergen & Arthur Schawlow win Nobel for physics (laser)

1983 - Grenada general Hudson Austin forms “revolutionary council”

1983 - Senate establishes Martin Luther King Jr federal holiday

1986 - USSR expels 5 US diplomats

 

 

 

1987 - “Black Monday” Dow Jones down 508.32 points4½ times previous record

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987 - US warships destroy 2 Iranian oil platforms in Persian Gulf

1988 - 3 Americans win Nobel in physics; 3 W Germans win chemistry Nobel

1988 - Car bomb kills 7 Israelis, wounds 11 near Lebanon border

1988 - Senate passes bill curbing ads during children`s TV shows

1991 - Longest NCAA football game (3:52) as RI beats Maine 52-30 (6 OTs)

1993 - UN authorizes arms, milt & police supply embargo against Haiti

1994 - 160 killed at battles in Tsjetsjenie

1994 - Palestinian bomb attack on bus in Tel Aviv, kills 22

1997 - 700th World Series home run (Sandy Alomar, Cleve Indians)

1998 - The Earth Liberation Front sets fire to the Vail Mountain ski resort in Vail, Colorado, causing $12 million in damage.

2001 - SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sank in international waters with the loss of 353 people.

2003 - Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.

2004 - Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the SPDC on charges of corruption.

2004 - Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.

 

 

 

 

2005 - Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 - Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.

 

 

 

 

Births

 

1276 - Prince HisaakiJapanese shogun (d. 1328)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1433 - Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (d. 1499)

1581 - Dimitri Ivanovitch, Russian son of Ivan IV “the Terrible”

1610 - James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (d. 1688)

1688 - William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)

1720 - John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (d. 1772)

1784 - John McLoughlin, Hudson’s Bay Co pioneer in Oregon Country

1784 - Leigh Hunt, British writer (Lord Byron)

1810 - Cassius Marcellus Clay, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903

1819 - Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist (Crises Commercial)

1824 - Rufus Saxton, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1908

1834 - Francis Channing Barlow, US lawyer/gen-major/co-founder (ABA)

1850 - Annie S Peck, mountain climber/explorer/diplomat

1858 - George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (d. 1937)

 

 

 

1862 - Auguste Lumièremade 1st movie (Workers Leaving Lumière Factory)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1871 - Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Wisdom of the Body)

1876 - Mordecai (3 finger) Brown, hall of fame pitcher

1885 - Charles Merrill, American investment banker (d. 1956)

1892 - Alexander A Aljechin, Russian/French chess champ (1927-35, 37-46)

1895 - Louis Mumford, cultural historian/city planner/writer

1895 - Frank Durbin, last American veteran of the Battle of Verdun (d.1999)

1897 - Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (d. 1994)

1899 - Miguel Asturias, Guatemala, poet/diplomat (Hombres de Maiz, Nobel 67), (d. 1974)

 

 

 

 

1901 - Arleigh A BurkeColoadmiral (WW IISolomon IslandsNavy Cross)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1903 - Tor Johnson, Swedish wrestler and actor (d. 1971)

1907 - Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader (d. 1962)

1908 - Patrick Cairns “Spike” Hughes, British jazz musician/composer (Elegy)

1920 - LaWanda Page, Cleve Ohio, actress (Aunt Esther-Sanford & Sons)

1920 - Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher (d. 2003)

1921 - Gunnar Nordahl, Sweden, soccer player (Olympic-gold-1948)

1922 - Jack Anderson, Long Beach, California, journalist (Wash Post)

1925 - Victor Zorza, journalist/Russian specialist

1926 - Joel Feinberg, American moral philosopher (d. 2004)

1927 - Marjorie Tallchief, US ballerina (Harkness Ballet)

 

 

 

1931 - John le CarréEnglish novelist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1932 - Lloyd Haynes, South Bend Indiana, actor (Pete Dixon-Room 222)

1932 - Robert Reed, Highland Park Ill, actor (Mike-Brady Bunch, Nurse)

 

 

 

 

1937 - Peter MaxBerlinAmerican psychedelic artist (Dynamite Chicken)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 - Jerzy Kulej, Poland, light welterweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1964, 68), (d. 2012)

1940 - Michael Gambon, English actor (Singing Detective, Paris at Night)

1942 - Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney

 

 

 

1944 - Peter Tosh [Winston Hubert McIntosh], Jamaicareggae musician (Mystic ManMama Africa)

 

Legalize it live

Walk & Don t Look Back with Mick Jagger

Johnny Be Goode

Concrete Jungle with Bob Marley

 

 

 

 

1945 - John Lithgow, Rochester NY, actor (Harry & Hendersons, Pelican Brief)

1945 - Patrick Simmons, rocker (Doobie Brothers)

1946 - Philip Pullman, English writer

1947 - Giorgio Cavazzano, Italian comic strip artist

1949 - Lynn Dickey, American football player

1951 - Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematical physicist, recipient of the Bôcher Memorial Prize

1952 - Alexander Leibkind, Germany, judo (Oly-76)/WLAF GM (Rhein Fire)

1955 - Lonnie Shelton, NBA forward (NY Knick, Seattle Supersonics)

1956 - Didier Theys, Belgian racing driver

1958 - John Bloom, [Joe Bob Briggs], drive-in movie critic

1960 - Jennifer Holliday, Houston Tx, singer/actress (Dream Girls)

1962 - Evander Holyfield, Atmore Ala, boxer (Oly-bronze-1988)/champ (1990-92)

1964 - Webster Slaughter, NFL wide receiver (KC Chiefs)

1965 - Ty Pennington, American television carpenter

1966 - Jon Favreau, actor/writer (Swingers)

1970 - Chris Kattan, American comedian and actor

1972 - Megan Still, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1977 - Louis-José Houde, Canadian stand-up comic

 1977 - Jason Reitman, Canadian filmmaker

1978 - Enrique Bernoldi, Brazilian race car driver

1979 - Brian Robertson, American trombonist

1981 - Heikki Kovalainen, Finnish race car driver

 

 

 

Deaths

 

727 - Saint Frideswide

1187 - Pope Urban III

1216 - King John

1268 - Konradin von Hohenstaufen, duke of Zwaben, beheaded

1547 - Pierino del Vaga, Italian painter, dies at about 46

1553 - Bonifazio Veronese/Veneziano, [de' Pitati], Italian painter, dies

1608 - Martinus A del Rio, Spanish lawyer historian/theologist, dies

1608 - Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (b. 1551)

1682 - Thomas Browne, English writer (b. 1605)

 

 

 

1745 - Jonathan SwiftEnglish writer (Gulliver’s Travels), dies

 

 

 

 

 

 

1790 - Lyman HallUS physician/signer (Decl of Ind), dies at 66

 

 

 

 

 

 

1810 - Jean-Georges Noverre, French choreographer (ballet d’action), dies

1813 - Josef Poniatovski, Polish gen/marshal of France, dies in battle

1864 - Daniel Davidson Bidwell, magistrate/brig-general, dies in battle at 45

1897 - George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (b. 1831)

1901 - Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (b. 1829)

1937 - Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand physicist (Nobel 1908), dies at 66

1950 - Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize)

1957 - Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian, dies at 65

1959 - Boughera El Quafi, marathoner (Olympic-gold-1928), shot to death at 60

1966 - Elizabeth Arden, US cosmetic manufacturer, dies

1971 - Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrial, dies at 89

1978 - Gig Young, American actor, kills his bride of 3 weeks and commits suicide at 64

1983 - Maurice Bishop, premier of Grenada (1979-83), murdered in coup

1984 - Jerzy Popieluszko, Polish priest/dissident, kidnapped & murdered

1986 - Moses Asch, record founder (Folkways), dies at 81

1987 - Jacqueline du Pre, British cellist, dies at 42

1987 - Hermann Lang, German race car driver (b. 1909)

 

 

 

1988 - Son HouseAmerican musician , Bluesman (b. 1902)

 

 

 

Death Letter Blues

Grinnin’ in Your Face

Son House talks about his friend Robert Johnson

Masters of Country Blues Guitar ( Documentary)

 MY BLACK MAMA with Buddy Guy 1968

 

 

 

 

1992 - Cleavon Littleactor (Blazing Saddles), dies at 53

Blazing Saddles – Camptown Ladies

Where The White Women At?

 

 

 

 

1992 - Gert Nastian, general & companion of Petra Kelly, found dead at 69

1992 - Petra Kelly, founder (German Green Party), found dead at 44

1993 - Roy Armstrong, English historian (Traditional buildings), dies at 91

1994 - Martha Raye, actress (Pin Up Girl), dies after illness at 78

1995 - Don E Cherry, jazz Musician, dies at 58

1996 - Frank Neville Hosband Robinson, physicist, dies at 71

1997 - Glen Buxton, guitarist (Alice Cooper), dies of pneumonia at 49

2006 - James Glennon, American cinematographer (b. 1942)

2008 - Mr. Blackwell, American fashion critic (b. 1922)

2010 - Tom Bosley, American actor (b. 1927)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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