Today In The Past

 

 

Events

772 - Pope Adrian I elected

800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

1167 - Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League

1420 - Henry V of England enters Paris.

1566 - Spanish king Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva

1626 - Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out

1640 - Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule

1641 - Mass becomes 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery

1824 - House of Reps begins to end election deadlock between JQ Adams

1831 - Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather

 

 

 

1835 - Hans Christian Andersen published his 1st book of fairy tales

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 - Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia

1868 - John D Rockefeller begins anti oil war

1878 - 1st White House telephone installed

1884 - American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.

1887 - Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal’s control of Macao

1891 - James Naismith creates the game of basketball

1896 - 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)

 

 

 

1903 - “The Great Train Robbery,” the 1st Western filmreleased

 

 

 

 

 

 

1906 - Cinema Omnia Pathe, world’s 1st cinema, opens (Paris)

1913 - 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)

1913 - Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)

1917 - Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb

1919 - AA Milne’s “Mr Pim Passes By,” premieres in Manchester

1921 - 1st US helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight

1921 - US Post Office establishes philatelic agency

1922 - 1st skywriting over US-”Hello USA”-by Capt Turner, RAF

1925 - Treaty of Locarno signed

1929 - Game of Bingo invented by Edwin S Lowe

 

 

 

1930 - Ruth Nichols becomes 1st woman pilot to cross continent

 

 

 

 

 

 

1933 - Rudolf Hess & Earnest Rohm become a minister in Hitler government

1934 - Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov assassinated, used by Stalin as the excuse to begin the Great Purge of 1934-38.

1936 - 2nd Heisman Trophy Award: Larry Kelley, Yale (E)

1936 - Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use

1936 - EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants

1939 - SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews

1941 - British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python

1941 - Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war

 

 

 

1941 - US Civil Air Patrol (CAPorganizes

 

 

 

 

 

1942 - Gasoline rationed in US

1943 - FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)

1948 - Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player

1951 - 17th Heisman Trophy Award: Dick Kazmaier, Princeton (HB)

1951 - Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds

1952 - The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation.

 

 

 

1955 - Rosa Parks (black) arrested for refusing to move to the back of bus

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 - Sam Cooke and Buddy Holly and Crickets debut on Ed Sullivan Show

1958 - Our Lady of Angels School burns, killing 92 students & 3 nuns (Chic)

1959 - 12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica

1959 - 25th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Cannon, LSU (HB)

1959 - The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space

 

 

 

1960 - Patrice Lumumba caught in the Congo

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 - Houston Colt .45s change name to Astros

1967 - Queen Elizabeth inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope

1967 - Wilt Chamberlain set NBA record of 22 free throws misses

1968 - Pirate Radio Modern (259) (England) begins transmitting

1969 - US government holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II

1971 - Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.

1973 - Jack Nicklaus becomes 1st golfer to earn $2M in a year

1974 - Jacqueline Hansen runs female world record marathon (2:43:54.5)

 

 

 

1974 - LA Skid Row slasher kills 1st of 8

 

 

 

 

 

1978 - Pres Carter more than doubles national park system size

1982 - Dentist Barney B Clark gets 1st artificial heart

1982 - Michael Jackson releases “Thriller”

1983 - Rita Lavelle, former head of EPA, convicted of perjury

1984 - 50th Heisman Trophy Award: Doug Flutie, Boston College (QB)

1984 - Greg Page KOs Gerrie Coetzee in 8 for WBA heavyweight boxing title

 

 

 

1986 - Muséed’orsay opens in Paris

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987 - Digging begins to link England & France under English Channel

1988 - Benazir Bhutto named 1st female PM of a Moslem country (Pakistan)

1988 - NBC bids record $401M to capture rights to 1992 Barcelona Olympics

1990 - 56th Heisman Trophy Award: Ty Detmer, Brigham Young (QB)

1990 - Lithuania, Estonia & Latvia hold their 1st joint session

1990 - NY Knicks Patrick Ewing scores 50 points beating Charlotte 113-96

1991 - US 75th manned space mission “STS 44″ Atlantis 10 lands

1992 - 2 C-141B Starlifters collide in Montana & crash, 13 die

1992 - Amy Fisher sentenced 5-15 yrs for shooting Mary Jo Buttafuoco

1994 - Ernesto Zedillo innaugrated as president of Mexico

1997 - Westinghouse formally changes its name to CBS

1998 - Exxon announces a $73.7 billion USD deal to buy Mobil, thus creating Exxon-Mobil, the world’s largest company.

2001 - Captain Bill Compton brings Trans World Airlines Flight 220, an MD-83, into St. Louis International Airport bringing to an end 76 years of TWA operations following TWA’s purchase by American Airlines.

 

 

 

Births

1081 - Louis VI of France (d. 1137)

1083 - Anna Comnena, Byzantine historian (d. 1153)

 

 

 

1521 - Takeda ShingenJapanese warlord (d. 1573)

 

 

 

 

 

1525 - Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)

1549 - Johan van der Veeken, merchant/co-founder (VOC)

1580 - Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (d. 1637)

1671 - Francesco Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius

1726 - Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Declar of Independence)

1743 - Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)

1766 - Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (d. 1826)

 

 

 

1826 - William MahoneMajor General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

 

 

 

 

 

 

1832 - Archibald Gracie JrBrigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

 

 

 

 

 

 

1835 - Micah JenkinsBrigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

 

 

 

 

 

1884 - Torben Myer, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Girl Who Came Back)

1884 - Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)

1886 - Rex Stout, Noblesville Indiana, American mystery writer (Nero Wolf novels)

1899 - Robert Welch, found John Birch Society

1912 - Minoru Yamasaki, architect (World Trade Center, NY)

1913 - Mary Martin, Weatherford Tx, actress (Peter Pan) Larry Hagman’s mom

1919 - Anne Cox Chambers, Dayton Ohio, US ambassador to Belgium (1977-81)

1919 - Ike Isaacs, guitarist

 

 

 

1923 - Stansfield Turner,  Admiral , USN , CIA director

 

 

 

 

 

1923 - Morris, Belgian cartoonist (Lucky Luke) (d. 2001)

1925 - David Doyle, Omaha Neb, actor (John Bosley-Charlie’s Angels)

1925 - Martin Rodbell, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)

1932 - Robert T Herres, Denver Colo, USAF/astronaut

1932 - Matt Monro, English singer (d. 1985)

1933 - Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoon artist (d. 1996)

1934 - Billy Paul, Phila, singer (Me & Mrs Jones)

1935 - Lou Rawls, Chic Ill, vocalist (Dean Martin’s Golddigers, Natural Man)

1935 - Roger Christian, US, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)

1935 - Woody Allen, [Allen Konigsberg], Bkln, actor (Zelig, Annie Hall)

1939 - Dianne Lennon, LA California, singer (Lennon Sisters)

1939 - Lee Buck Trevino, Dallas Tx, PGA golfer (US Open 1968, 71)

1940 - Richard Pryor, Ill, comedian/actor (Lady Sings the Blues, Stir Crazy)

1942 - John Crowley, US, sci-fi author (Deep, Beasts, Novelty)

1942 - Peter Kalikow, Queens NYC, real estate developer/publisher (NY Post)

1943 - Nicholas Peter Negroponte, NYC, founder/director (Media Lab at MIT)

1943 - Orton Enderlein, German FR, luge (Olympic-gold-1964)

 

 

 

1944 - Eric BloomAmerican rock vocalist/guitarist (Blue Öyster Cult)

 

Interview Germany 1993

The Reaper

Astronomy

Dominance and Submission

 

 

 

 

1944 - Michael W. Hagee, 33rd Commandant of the United States Marine Corps

1945 - John Densmore, LA, drummer (Doors-C’mon Light My Fire)

1945 - Bette Midler, Honolulu, Hawaii,actress and singer (Beaches, Wind Beneath my Wings)

1946 - Gilbert O’Sullivan, Ireland, singer (Alone Again Naturally)

1946 - Ho-Jun Li, Korea PR, rifle (Olympic-gold-1972)

1949 - Pablo Escobar Gaviria, Colombian drug baron

1950 - Richard Keith, Lafayette La, actor (Little Ricky-I Love Lucy)

1950 - Keith Thibodeaux, American actor and drummer

1951 - Alexander Panayotov Aleksandrov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-5)

1951 - Treat Williams, Rowayton CT, actor (Flashpoint, Hair)

 

 

 

1951 - Jaco Pastoriousjazz bassist and composer (Weather Report)( see UE 9/21 Deaths)

 

 

 

 

 

1955 - Uwe Benter, German FR, coxsman (Olympic-gold-1972)

1958 - Charlene Tilton, San Diego California, actress (Lucy Ewing-Dallas)

1960 - Carol Alt, Queens NY (Mrs Ron Greshner)/actress (Private Parts)

1961 - Armin Meiwes, German cannibal

1963 - Marco Greco, Brazilian racing driver

1966 - Mike Flores, NFL defensive end (Washington Redskins)

1968 - Anders Holmertz, Swedish free style swimmer (world record 400m)

1970 - Sarah Silverman, American actress and comedian

1971 - Stephanie Finochio, American professional wrestler

1971 - Dolgorsürengiin Serjbüdee, Mongolian professional wrestler

1972 - Norbert Wójtowicz, Polish historian and theologian

1973 - Eric Thomas, Chartage Texas, 400m hurdler

1973 - Mia Farrance, Melbourne VIC Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1976 - Konerak Sinthasomphone, Milwaukee Wisc, Jeffrey Dahmer’s victim

1976 - Brently Heilbron, American satirist

1977 - Jared Fogle, American Subway spokesperson

1977 - Brad Delson, American guitarist (Linkin Park)

 

 

 

Deaths

660 - Eligius/Eloy, French bishop of Tournay-Noyon/saint, dies

1135 - Henry I Beauclerc, King of England (1st English King fluent in the English language), dies

1241 - Isabella of England, wife of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1214)

1374 - Magnus Eriksson, king of Norway/Sweden, dies

1377 - King Magnus II of Sweden (b. 1316)

1433 - Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (b. 1377)

1580 - Edmund Campion, English jesuit, hanged at 42

 

 

 

1602 - Kobayakawa HideakiJapanese samurai and warlord (b. 1582)

 

 

 

 

 

1660 - Pierre d’Hozier, French historian (b. 1592)

1700 - Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53

1729 - Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer (b. 1665)

1767 - Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (b. 1710)

1797 - Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 71

1825 - Tsar Alexander I of Russia (b. 1777). Reigned from 1801

 

 

 

1842 - Philip Spencer1st US naval officer condemned for mutinyhanged

 

 

 

 

 

1866 - George EverestWelsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest (d. 1790)

 

 

 

 

 

1892 - Joseph Lippens, Belgian lieutenant in Congo, murdered

1916 - Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld, French explorer, dies at 58

1934 - Sergei M Kirov, Josef Stalin’s collaborator, assassinated in Leningrad

1935 - Bernard Schmidt, inventor (Schmidt camera), dies

1947 - Aleister Edward S Crowley, British occultist, dies at 72

1964 - J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (b. 1892)

 

 

 

1969 - Magic SamAmerican blues guitarist and singer (b. 1937)

 

Magic Sam’s Boogie

Stop!You’re Hurting Me

Sweet Home Chicago

Easy Baby

 

 

 

 

1973 - David Ben-Gurion, founding father of Israel, dies in Tel Aviv at 87

1986 - [Irving] Lee Dorsey, [Kid Chocolate], US boxer/singer, dies at 59

1987 - Donn Fulton Eisele, Col USAF/astronaut, dies of a heart attack at 57

1987 - James Arthur Baldwin, writer (Another Country), dies at 63

1991 - George Joseph Stigler, US economist (Nobel 1982), dies at 80

 

 

 

1997 - Stephane GrappelliFrench jazz violinistdies at 89

 

How High The Moon

As Time Goes By

Jeepers Creepers with Django Reinhardt

Sweet Georgia Brown

 

 

 

 

2003 - Eugenio Monti, Italian bobsledder (b. 1928)

2005 - Gust Avrakotos, American intelligence case officer (b. 1938)

2006 - Bruce Trigger, Canadian archaeologist (McGill University) (b. 1937)

2008 - Paul Benedict, American actor (b. 1938)

2011 - Christa Wolf, German writer (b. 1929)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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