Today In The Past

 

 

Events

 

771 – King Carloman joint King of the Franks, diesleaving his older brother Charlemagnesole ruler of the Frankish Kingdom.

 

 

 

 

 

1110 – Syria harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrenders to Crusaders

1197 – Crusaders wound Rabbi Elezar ben Judah

1259 – Treaty of Paris: English king Henry III & French king Louis IX

1489 – Battle of Baza-Spanish army captures Baza from Moors

1534 – Turkish sultan Suleiman occupies Baghdad

1563 – Council of Trent holds last session, after 18 years

1619 – 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God. Considered by many as the first Thanksgiving in the Americas.

1674 – Father Marquette builds 1st dwelling in what is now Chicago

 

 

 

1676 – Battle of LundA Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.

 

 

 

 

 

1680 – Hen in Rome lays an egg imprinted with comet not seen until Dec 16th

1688 – General strategist John Churchill joins with Willem III

1691 – Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania

 

 

 

1783 – Gen Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce’s TavernNYC

 

 

 

 

 

1791 – Britain’s Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, 1st published

1812 – Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa patents a horse-drawn mower

 

 

 

1816 – James Monroe (VA), elected 5th presdefeating Federalist Rufus King

 

 

 

 

 

1829 – Britain abolished “suttee” in India (widow burning herself to death on her husband’s funeral pyre)

 

 

 

 

 

1833 – American Anti-Slavery Society formed by Arthur Tappan in Phila

1836 – Whig party holds its 1st national convention, Harrisburg, Pa

1843 – Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented, Mass

 

 

 

1844 – James K Polk elected 11th president of USA

 

 

 

 

 

1851 – Pres Louis Napolean Boaparte forces crush a coup d’etat in France

 

 

1864 – Battle of Waynesborough (Brier CreekGA

 

 

 

 

 

1867 – Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange).

1875 – William Marcy “Boss” Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail

1881 – The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published.

1889 – Stanley’s expedition reaches Bagamoyo in Indian Ocean

 

 

1899 – Webb Hayes son of pres Rutherford Hayes receives medal of honor

 

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

1905 – British government of Balfour resigns

1915 – F F Fletcher is 1st admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor

1918 – Pres Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st chief executive to travel outside US while in office

1921 – The Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe ‘Fatty’ Arbuckle ends in a hung jury.

1923 – Cecil B DeMille’s 1st version of “Ten Commandments” premieres

1927 – Duke Ellington opens at Cotton Club in Harlem

1933 – FDR creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration

1935 – 1,200 at St Joseph’s College (Phila) enroll in anticommunism class

1941 – Nazi ordinances places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts

1942 – US bombers struck Italian mainland for 1st time in WW II

1942 – Works Progress Administration liquidated

1944 – Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded

1945 – 11th Heisman Trophy Award: Doc Blanchard, Army (FB)

1945 – Senate approves US participation in UN

1948 – SS Kiangya hits mine in Whangpoo River China, sinks killing 2,750 die

1951 – Superheated gases roll down Mount Catarman (Philippines), kills 500

1952 – Killer fogs begin in London England, “Smog” becomes a word

1952 – Walter P Reuther chosen chairman of CIO

1954 – The first Burger King is opened in Miami, Florida, USA

1956 – 22nd Heisman Trophy Award: Paul Hornung, Notre Dame (QB)

1957 – 2 commuter trains collide in heavy fog killing 92 (St John’s England)

1961 – Floyd Patterson KOs Tom McNeeley in 4 for heavyweight boxing title

1961 – Museum of Modern Art hangs Matisse’s Le Bateau upside down for 47 days

1961 – Smallest NY Knick, 49th St Madison Square Garden crowd-1,300 (snowstorm)

1961 – Tanganyika becomes 104th member of UN

1963 – Aldo Moro forms Italian government

1965 – Gemini 7 (Borman & Lovell) launched

1970 – Unemployment in US increases to 5.8%

1971 – The UN Security Council calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan.

1971 – The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi.

1973 – Pioneer 10 reaches Jupiter

1975 – 6 South Molukkans occupy Indonesian consulate in The Hague, 1 dead

1976 – Liz Taylor’s 7th marriage (John Warner)

1977 – NFL’s 5,000th game, Cincinnati beats KC 27-7

1978 – Dianne Feinstein is named SF 1st female mayor

1978 – Pioneer Venus 1 goes into orbit around Venus

1980 – 2 months after death of drummer John Bonham, Led Zeppelin breaks up

1982 – 48th Heisman Trophy Award: Herschel Walker, Georgia (RB)

1982 – China adopts its constitution

1982 – Police & racist demonstrators clash in Antwerp

1983 – US jet fighters strike Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon

1984 -Hezbollah militants hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.

1986 – NASA launches Fltsatcom-7

1987 – Karlstad skates world record 10 km (13:48.51)

1988 – Actor Gary Busey critically injured in motorcycle crash

1990 – Due to Persian Gulf crisis gas hits $1.60 per gallon price in NYC

1990 – Iraq announces it will release all 3,300 Soviet hostages

1991 – Judds final concert (Nashville)

1991 – Muslim Shites release last US hostage Terry Anderson (held 6½ years)

1991 – Pan American World Airways ceased operations

1991 – Patricia Bowman testifies that William Kennedy Smith raped her

1992 – Somali Civil War: President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 US troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa.

1993 – Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (35.92 sec)

1993 – Johann Koss skates world record 5K (6:35.53)

1993 – A truce is concluded between the government of Angola and UNITA rebels.

1996 – NASA’s 1st Mars rover launched from Cape Canaveral

1998 – The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.

2005 – Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the Government to allow universal and equal suffrage.

2006 – An adult giant squid is caught on video by Kubodera near the Ogasawara Islands, 1,000 km (620 miles) south of Tokyo.

 

 

 

Births

1555 – Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (d. 1625)

1580 – Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (d. 1626)

1584 – John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony

1646 – Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France (d. 1730)

1660 – Andre Campra, composer

1667 – Michel Pignolet de Monteclair, composer

1711 – Barbara of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1758)

1713 – Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (d. 1786)

 

 

 

1795 – Thomas CarlyleScotlandessayist/historian (French Revolution)

 

 

 

 

 

1803 – Augustus Zerega diZerega, Martinique, ship owner (Red Z Lane)

1812 – Elias Smith Dennis, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died 1894

1818 – William Wing “Old Blizzards” Loring, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army)

 

 

 

1840 – Crazy HorseOglala Sioux chief (d. 1877)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1852 – Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (d. 1934)

1861 – Lillian Russell, [Helen Leonard], US, singer/actress (Great Mogul)

1875 – Rainer Maria Rilke, Austria, poet (Duino Elegies)

1881 – Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot)

1892 – Francisco Franco, Ferrol, Galicia Spanish General/dictator (1936-75), (d. 1975)

1895 – Nils FA Nilsson Piraten, Swedish writer (Bombi Bitt Och Jag)

1895 – Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher (d. 1990)

1908 – A D Hershey, US, biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel 1969)

1910 – Alex North, Chester Penn, composer (Spartacus, Viva Zapata)

1912 – John W Pritchard, [Ian Wallace], US, sci-fi author (Megalomania)

 

 

 

1912 – Gregory “Pappy” BoyingtonAmerican pilot , Medal Of Honor Recipient (d. 1988)

 

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

1914 – Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (d. 1993)

1921 – Deanna Durbin, Winnipeg Manitoba, actress/vocalist (100 Men & a Girl)

1923 – Charles Keating, district attorney (LA California)

1928 – Russell L Rogers, USAF/astronaut (X-20)

1930 – Ronnie Corbett, England, comedian (2 Ronnies)

1930 – Jim Hall, American jazz guitarist

1933 – Horst Buchholz, Berlin Germany, actor (Magnificent 7, Raid on Entebbe)

1934 – Victor French, Santa Barbara California, actor (Highway to Heaven)

1934 – Wink Martindale, Jackson Tn, TV host (Tic-Tac-Dough, Can You Top This)

1935 – Robert Vesco, American financier and fugitive

1936 – Larry Davis, blues singer/guitarist

1937 – Max Baer Jr, Oakland California, actor (Jethro-Beverly Hillbillies)

1938 – Andre Marrou, Libertarian Presidential candidate (1992)

1940 – Freddy Cannon, [Picariello], Lynn Ma, rocker (Palisades Park)

 

 

 

1940 – Gary GilmoreAmerican murderer (d. 1977)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Gemma Jones, English actress

1944 – Chris Hillman, San Diego Caliafornia, singer (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn)

1944 – Dennis Wilson, Hawthorne CA, drummer/vocalist (Beach Boys-My Room)

1944 – François Migault, French racing driver

1945 – Michael Gerzon, mathematician

1947 – Terry Woods, Irish musician (The Pogues, Steeleye Span)

1948 – Roberta Lynn Bondar, Ontario, astronaut (STS 42)

1948 – Southside Johnny Lyon, NJ, rocker (Asbury Jukes-Don’t Want Go Home)

1949 – Jeff Bridges, LA California, actor (Stay Hungry, Against All Odds)

1951 – Gary Rossington, rocker (Lynyrd Skynyrd, Rossington-Collins Band)

1951 – Patricia Wettig, Cincinnati Ohio, actress (Nancy Weston-30 Something)

1952 – Ronald Michael Sega, Cleve Ohio, PhD/Astronaut (STS 60, 76)

1955 – Brian Prout, Troy NY, singer (Diamond Rio-Meet in the Middle)

 

 

 

1955 – Cassandra WilsonAmerican jazz singer

 

You Move Me

Come on in my Kitchen

If Loving You Is Wrong

Saddle Up My Pony

 

 

 

 

1956 – Bernard King, basketball player (NY Knicks, NJ Nets)

1956 – Blagoi Blagoyev, Bulgaria, 82.5 kg weightlifer (Olympics-silver-1976)

 

 

 

1957 – Raul Boesel,BrazilIndy-car racer (CART)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Eric S. RaymondAmerican open source advocate

 

 

 

 

 

 

1958 – Bill Roy, Versailles Ill, skeet (Olympics-1996)

1963 – Johanna Wright, Raleigh NC, WPVA volleyballer (Pismo Beach-4th)

1963 – Sergey Bubka, Ukraine, pole vaulter (Olympics-gold-88, 92)

1964 – Marisa Tomei, Bkln NY, actress (My Cousin Vinny)

1964 – Sertab Erener, Turkish singer

1966 – Suzanne Malveaux, American television news reporter

1967 – Martha O’Kelley, US softball infielder (Olympics-gold-96)

1968 – Mike Barrowman, Costa Mesa CA, kayak/200m breast stroke (Oly-g-92, 96)

1969 – Jacques Landry, Saskatoon Saskatchawan, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1969 – Marie-Josee Morneau, Longueuil Quebec, 56 kg judoka (Olympics-96)

1969 – Jay-Z, American rapper

1971 – Shannon Briggs, American boxer

1972 – Nikki Tyler, American actress

 

 

 

1973 – Tyra BanksInglewood, Californiamodel/actress (Higher LearningFresh Prince of Bel Air)

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Steven Menzies, Australian rugby league footballer

1973 – Kate Rusby, English folk singer

1976 – John Lee, Chicago Ill, dance skater (& Julia Bikbova)

Deaths

765 – Jafar Sadiq, Shia Imam (b. 702)

 

 

 

811 – Charles The YoungerKing the of Franksson of the Emperor Charlemagnedies at about 39

 

 

 

 

 

1075 – Archbishop Anno II of Cologne

 

 

 

1123 – Omar KhayyámPersian poetastronomermathematicianand philosopher (b. 1048)

 

 

 

 

 

1137 – Lotharius III of Supplinburg, emperor (1125, 33-37), dies at 67

1182 – Henry, earl of Gelre/Zutphen (1141/79-82), dies

1214 – William I of Scotland

1334 – Pope John XXII (b. 1249)

1371 – Stefanus X Uros V, king of Serbia (1355-71), dies

1459 – Adolf VIII, Duke of Southern Jutland (b. 1401)

1514 – Richard Hunne, English “heretic”, commits suicide(?)

1576 – Rheticus, mathematician, dies

1585 – John Willock, Scottish reformer

1603 – Maarten de Vos, Flemish painter, dies at about 71

1609 – Alexander Hume, Scottish poet

1676 – Johann Georg Ebeling, composer, dies at 39

 

 

 

1679 – Thomas HobbesEnglish philosopher (b. 1588)

 

 

 

 

 

1680 – Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)

1696 – Empress Meishō, Japan (b. 1624)

1798 – Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomy/physicist, dies at 61

1807 – Prince Hall, activist/Masonic leader, dies in Boston

1893 – Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War

1902 – Charles Dow, American journalist (Dow Jones & Company – Wall Street Journal) (b. 1851)

1909 – Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter/graphic artist (Elle), dies at 60

1945 – Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1866)

1956 – Alexandr Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer (b. 1891)

1959 – Rosetta Duncan, (Duncan Sisters), dies in an auto accident at 58

1967 – Bert Lahr, [Irving Lahrheim], US comic (Wizard of Oz), dies at 72

1969 – Fred Hampton, US Black-Panther leader, murdered

1971 – Shunryu Suzuki, Zen teacher, founder of SF Zen Center, dies

 

 

 

1975 – Hannah ArendtGerman/US sociologistdies at 69 [or Dec 5]

 

 

 

 

 

1976 – Benjamin Britten, British composer (Beggar’s Opera), dies at 63

1976 – Tommy Bolin, rock guitarist (Deep Purple), dies of heroin overdose

1978 – Samuel Abraham Goldsmith, Neth/US phycists, dies at 76

1980 – Stella Walsh-S-Walasiewicz, sprinter (Olympic-gold-1932), shot at 69

1987 – Rouben Mamoulian, dir (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde), dies at 90

1988 – Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (b. 1899)

1993 – Frank Sturgis, watergate burglar, dies at 68

 

 

 

1993 – Frank V ZappaUS music/composer (Mothers of Invention), dies at 52

 

Montana

Steve Allen show, Frank Zappa Playing music on a Bicycle 1963

Don’t Eat The Yellow Snow

Road Ladies

More Trouble Every Day

Saint Alphonzo’s Pancake Breakfast

 

 

 

 

1993 – Margaret Landon, US author (Anna & the King of Siam), dies at 90

1994 – Robert Jesse Charleston, museum curator, dies at 78

1994 – Thomas Roy Garrett, museum curator, dies at 63

1995 – Adrianne Jones, killed by David Graham & Diane Zamora, at 16

1995 – Itzhak Rabin, PM of Israel (1968-73), assassinated

1997 – Richard Vernon, British actor (Gandhi, Hard Days Night), dies at 72

1999 – Rose Bird, American judge (b. 1936)

2003 – Iggy Katona, American race car driver (b. 1916)

2007 – Chip Reese, American professional poker player (b. 1951)

 

 

 

2011 – Hubert SumlinAmerican blues guitarist (b. 1931)

 

Sometimes I’m Right

Come On In My House

Smokestack Lightning

Three Hundred Pounds Of Joy

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