Today In The Past

 

 

Events

588 BC - Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah’s reignThe siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

69 - Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, but only rules for three months before committing suicide.

708 - Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)

946 - Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded/ousted

1346 - Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland/Zealand

1535 - Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church

1582 - Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic

1586 - Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army

1759 - British Museum opens in Montague House, London

 

 

 

1762 - Fraunces Tavern opens in NYC

 

 

 

 

 

 

1777 - People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England

1780 - Continental Congress establishes court of appeals

1797 - 1st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)

1831 - 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run

1831 - 1st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr & Mrs Pierson, Charleston, SC

1833 - HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree Tierra del Fuego

1844 - U of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana

1847 - 1st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in NYC

1861 - Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

1863 - 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal

1865 - Ft Fisher, NC falls to Union troops

1870 - Donkey 1st used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper’s Weekly

1877 - US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens

1882 - 1st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)

1889 - The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is originally incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia.

1892 - Basketball rules published in Triangle Magazine, Mass

1895 - Tchaikovsky’s ballet “Swan Lake” premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS)

1905 - Coen de Koning becomes world champion all-round skater

1907 - 3-element vacuum tube patented by Dr Lee De Forest

1907 - Gold dental inlays 1st described by Wm Taggart, who invented them

 

 

 

1919 - 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston MAdrowning 21

 

 

 

 

 

1919 - Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps.

1934 - Babe Ruth signs a 1934 contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut)

1936 - 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio

1936 - Non-profit Ford Foundation incorporates

1939 - 1st NFL pro bowl, NY Giants beat All Stars 13-10 in Wrigley Field

1939 - Municipal Railway & Market St RR begin service to Transbay Terminal

1940 - German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch trade ship Arendskerk (Eagle’s Church)

1943 - 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught

 

 

 

1943 - World’s largest office buildingPentagoncompleted

 

 

 

 

 

1943 - 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon

1944 - Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die

1945 - Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp

1947 - The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short (“The Black Dahlia”) is found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California.

1949 - Mao’s Red army conquers Ten-tsin

1950 - 4,000 attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Wash DC

1951 - Supreme Court rule “clear & present danger” of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest

1953 - 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Wash DC station

1953 - GDR Min of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for “espionage”

1957 - Brooklyn Dodgers sign a new 3 year lease for Ebbets Field

1958 - NY Yankees sign million dollar plus deal to show 140 games on WPIX TV

1961 - Supremes signed with Motown Records

1962 - Dutch & Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea

1964 - Teamsters negotiate 1st national labor contract

1965 - Rock group Who releases 1st album “I Can’t Explain”

1967 - Superbowl I: Green Bay Packers beat KC Chiefs, 35-10 in LA Superbowl MVP: Bart Starr, Green Bay, QB

1967 - The first Super Bowl is played in Los Angeles, California.

1970 - Republic Biafra disbands/joins Nigeria

1971 - Aswan Dam official opens in Egypt

1971 - George Harrison releases “My Sweet Lord”

1973 - 4 Watergate burglars plead guilty in federal court

1973 - Pres Nixon suspends all US offensive action in N Vietnam

1974 - “Happy Days” begins an 11 year run on ABC

1974 - Expert panel reports 18½ minute gap in Watergate tape, 5 separate erasures

1975 - Portugal signs accord for Angola’s independence

1975 - Space Mountain opens (Disneyland)

1976 - Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life for attempting to shoot Pres Ford

1976 - US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit

 

 

 

1977 - Coneheads debut on “Saturday Night Live

 

 

 

 

 

 

1978 - Theodore Bundy kills Fla State U coeds Lisa Levy & Margaret Bowman

1981 - “Hill Street Blues” premieres on NBC-TV

1983 - Hartford Whalers smallest crowd 4,812 (beat Devils) during blizzard

1983 - Thom Syles keeps a life saver intact in his mouth for over 7 hours

1984 - Hana Mandlikova ends Martina Navratilova’s 54-match winning streak

1984 - Schonbrun skates world record 5 km (7:39.44)

1986 - Living Seas opens (Disneyland)

1988 - Jimmy “The Greek” Snyder makes racist remarks about black athletes

1989 - Big John Studd wins WWF’s 1st Royal Rumble

1990 - 42 year old George Foreman KOs Gerry Cooney in 2 rounds

1990 - AT&T experiences long distance problems due to a computer glitch

1991 - UN’s deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don’t)

1992 - Cleaning woman finds intimate photos of Sarah Ferguson with US man

1992 - Supreme Court rules 5-3 that Joseph Doherty isn’t entitled to asylum

1993 - Top mafia leader Salvatore “Toto” Riina arrested in Palermo

1994 - Hague motorist with .51% alcohol in blood, breaks Dutch record (.47%)

1997 - Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with Mir Space Station

1998 - NASA announces John Glenn, 76, may fly in space again

1999 - The Racak incident: 45 Albanians in the Kosovo village of Racak are killed by Yugoslav security forces.

2001 - Wikipedia, a free Wiki content encyclopedia, goes online.

2005 - ESA’s SMART-1 lunar orbiter discovers elements such as calcium, aluminum, silicon, iron, and other surface elements on the moon.

2005 - An intense solar flare blasts X-rays across the solar system.

2007 - Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.

2009 - US Airways Flight 1549 makes an emergency landing into the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York City. All passengers and crew members survive.

Births

1481 - Ashikaga YoshizumiJapanesshogun (d. 1511)

 

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1507 - Johann Oporinus [Herbster], Swiss book publisher (Koran)

1538 - Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (d. 1599)

1622 - Molière, French playwright (d. 1673)

1671 - Abraham de la Pryme, English antiquarian (d. 1704)

 

 

 

1716 - Philip LivingstonAmerican businessman and politician (signed Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

 

1747 - John Aikin, English doctor and writer (d. 1822)

1754 - Richard Martin, Irish animal rights activist (d. 1834)

1798 - Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends)

1809 - Pierre Joseph Proudhon, France, politician (libertarian socialist)

1813 - James Marion Sims, SC, surgeon/gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)

1815 - Henry Morris Naglee, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886

1816 - Marie LaFarge, French murderer (d. 1852)

1817 - Lewis Golding Arnold, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1871

1821 - Lafayette McLaws, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1897

1824 - Marie Duplessis, French courtesan (d. 1847)

1842 - Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)

1845 - Ella Flagg Young, 1st woman pres (National Educational Association)

1850 - Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)

1866 - Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1931)

1870 - Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer (Greenland)

 

 

 

1870 - Pierre S. du PontAmerican businessman (d. 1954)

 

 

 

 

 

1873 - Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist

1877 - Lewis M Terman, Ind, psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test)

1885 - Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (d. 1973)

1885 - Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer (d. 1915)

1892 - Rex Ingram, [Reginald IM Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse) (d. 1950)

1895 - Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)

1902 - Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Faisal al-Saud, king (Saudi Arabia)

1906 - Aristotle Onassis, Greece, rich shipping magnate

 

 

 

1908 - Edward TellerBudapest Hungaryfathered H-bomb (Manhattan Project), (d. 2003)

 

 

 

 

 

1909 - Gene Krupa, Benny Goodman’s drummer (Sing Sing Sing)

1909 - Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer (d. 1939)

1913 - Lloyd Bridges, San Leandro California, actor (Sea Hunt, Roots, Airplane)

1913 - Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)

1918 - Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971)

1920 - John J “Cardinal” O’Connor, Phila, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY

1923 - Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (d. 2006)

1925 - Keith Bentley, international racing cyclist

1926 - Maria Schell, Vienna Austria, actress (Space 1999)

1927 - Norm Crosby, Boston MA, comedian (Young at Heart Comedians)

1929 - Martin Luther King Jr, Atlanta, American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964)

1931 - Derek Meddings, special effects technician

1932 - Dean Smith, US actor/relay runner (Olympic-gold-1952)

1932 - Louis Woodard Jones, New Rochelle NY, 4X400m relayer (Oly-gold-56)

1935 - Robert Silverberg, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Regan’s Planet)

1941 - Captain Beefheart, [Don Van Vliet], rocker (Bongo Fury, Shiny Beast)

 

 

 

1945 - Vince FosterAmerican lawyer (d. 1993)

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - William R. Higgins, USMC colonel (d. 1990)

1947 - Andrea Martin, Portland ME, comediene (SCTV, Club Paradise)

1948 - Ronnie Van Zant, rocker (Lynyrd Skynyrd)

1951 - Charo [Maria Baeza], Spanish-American actress, comedienne and flamenco guitarist (Chico and the Man, Love Boat)

1951 - Martha Davis, California, vocalist/guitar (Motels-Only the Lonely, Shame)

1953 - Randy White, NFL tackle (Dallas Cowboys)

1956 - Vera Sosulya, USSR, toboggan (Olympic-gold-1980)

1957 - Mario Van Peebles, Mexico, actor (Posse, South Bronx Heroes)

1957 - Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur

1959 - Pete Trewavas, Middlesbrough, bassist, (Marillion-Clutching at Straws)

1959 - Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber (d. 2008)

1961 - Yves P. Pelletier, Canadian comedian and film director

1963 - Erling Kagge, Norway, explorer (South Pole)

1963 - Lijuan Geng, Hebei China, Canadian tennis player (Olympics-96)

1963 - Yaro Dachniwsky, Chic Ill, team handball goalie (Olympics-1996)

1964 - Paula Schnurr, Kirkland Lake Ontario, 1.5k (Olympics-8-92, 96)

1965 - Maurizio Fondriest, Italian cyclist

1967 - Lisa Lisa, [Velez], rock vocalist (& Cult Jam)

1968 - Laurie Fellner, Appleton Wisc, team handball goalie (Olympics-92, 96)

1968 - Steve McConaghy, Australian soling yachter (Olympics-96)

1969 - Rod de Highden, Australian 5k/10k/marathoner (Olympics-96)

1970 - Dan Landry, San Diego Ca, volleyball opposite hitter (Olympics-96)

1970 - Michele Granger, Anaheim California, softball pitcher (Olympics-gold-96)

1971 - Regina King, LA California, actress (Brenda Jenkins-227)

1978 - Franco Pellizotti, Italian cyclist

1979 - Ken Chu, Taiwanese singer-actor and taichi champ

1984 - Megan Jendrick, American swimmer

 

 

Deaths

69 - Servius Sulpicius Galba, 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), lynched at 70

570 - Saint Ita, Irish nun (b. 475)

936 - King Rudolph of France

1208 - Peter of Castelnau, French nobleman, murdered

1345 - Martin Zaccaria, Italo-Greek ruler

1595 - Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1546)

1683 - Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (b. 1609)

1684 - Caspar Netscher, Dutch portrait painter, dies at about 48

1705 - Walraad, the Young, earl of Nassau-Ottweiler/gov of Nijmegen, dies

1790 - John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)

1804 - Dru Drury, English entomologist (b. 1725)

1815 - Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Lord Nelson (b. 1761

1876 - Eliza Johnson, U.S. First Lady (b. 1810)

 

 

 

1896 - Matthew B BradyUS photographer (Civil War), dies at about 72

 

 

 

 

 

1919 - Karl Liebknecht, Marxist revolutionary, murdered at 47

1919 - Rosa Luxemburg, Marxist revolutionary, murdered

1922 - John Kirk Barry, Dr/explorer David Livingstone’s companion, dies at 89

1934 - Patrick O’Malley, US policeman, killed by John Dillinger

1942 - Melvin Winfield Sheppard, runner (Olympic-gold-08, 12), dies at 58

1947 - Elizabeth Short, the Black Dahlia (b. 1924)

1949 - Black Dahlia, murder victim found in LA (basis of the movie)

 

 

 

1950 - , Henry “Hap” Arnold USGeneral of the Air Force (b. 1886)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 - Weldon John “Jack” Teagarden, US jazz trombonist/singer, dies at 58

1968 - Leopold Infeld, Pol nuclear physcist (Motion & Relativity), dies at 69

1978 - Margaret Bowman & Janet Levy, Chi Omega, FSU, killed by Ted Bundy

1983 - Meyer Lansky, reputed mobster, dies in Miami Beach Fla at 80

1987 - Ray Bolger, actor/dancer (Wizard of Oz), dies at 83

1988 - Sean MacBride, Ireland, commander of Irish Republican Army, dies at 83

1993 - Sammy Cahn, American songwriter (b. 1913)

1994 - Harry Nilsson, rock vocalist (Everybody’s Talkin’), dies at 52

1996 - Les Baxter, singer/orchestra leader/composer (Born Again), dies at 73

1996 - Richard Charles Cobb, historian, dies at 78

 

 

 

1998 - Amos “Junior” Wells, blues musician, dies at 63(see UE Births 12/09)

 

Hoodooman Blues

Messin’ With The Kid

Cryin’ Shame

Hoochie Coochie Man & Mannish Boy with Muddy Waters and Buddy Guy

 

 

 

 

2000 - Željko Ražnatović, aka Arkan, Serbian paramilitary leader (b. 1952)

2003 - Doris Fisher, American singer and songwriter (b. 1915)

2005 - Elizabeth Janeway, American author (b. 1913)

2005 - Ruth Warrick, American actress (b. 1915)

2005 - Deem Bristow, American video game voice actor (b. 1947)

2007 - James Hillier, Canadian inventor of electron microscope (b. 1915)

2007 - Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Iraqi Revolutionary Court (b. 1945) (executed)

2008 - Mark Haigh-Hutchinson, Game Designer (b. 1964)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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