Category: Education


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Education Policy Analyst  Reason’s work on school finance promotes student-based budgeting programs, which use free market principals to allow parents to choose the school that best fits their child’s unique educational needs and holds schools accountable for student outcomes. Reason is seeking a policy analyst to advance the research agenda on school finance as well as other areas of education reform.

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About these ads

Don’t Send Your Kid To The Ivy League

 

 

Hanna Sender/International Business Times

 

 

 

” When I speak of elite education, I mean prestigious institutions like Harvard or Stanford or Williams as well as the larger universe of second-tier selective schools, but I also mean everything that leads up to and away from themthe private and affluent public high schools; the ever-growing industry of tutors and consultants and test-prep courses; the admissions process itself, squatting like a dragon at the entrance to adulthood; the brand-name graduate schools and employment opportunities that come after the B.A.; and the parents and communities, largely upper-middle class, who push their children into the maw of this machine. In short, our entire system of elite education.

  I should say that this subject is very personal for me. Like so many kids today, I went off to college like a sleepwalker. You chose the most prestigious place that let you in; up ahead were vaguely understood objectives: status, wealth“success.” What it meant to actually get an education and why you might want oneall this was off the table. It was only after 24 years in the Ivy Leaguecollege and a Ph.D. at Columbia, ten years on the faculty at Yalethat I started to think about what this system does to kids and how they can escape from it, what it does to our society and how we can dismantle it. “

New Republic

Read also Newsweek’s piece on The New Republic’s hypocrisy regarding their hefty percentage of Ivy League staff .

” But if such a student seeks a job at The New Republic, that move won’t be a wise one. We’ve sized up TNR’s lengthy editorial masthead (read: not the business or sales teams) and noticed that 46 out of 91 staffers hold undergraduate or graduate degrees (or both) from an Ivy League institution. Readers who attended a college with a robust core curriculum that forces you to take a math class—Columbia University, for instance—will note that that amounts to more than half of the masthead. Here’s the breakdown.”

Everyone Gets A Gun: NRA Commentator Talks ‘Gun Required’ Zones, Shooting Tests

 

 

 

” In a new video entitled “Everyone Gets a Gun,” NRA commentator Billy Johnson this week dishes on his view of guns and education in America, comparing the two and drawing on some startling comparisons and thought-provoking contrasts in our nation’s schools as balanced against gun laws.

  In the four-minute video, which begins with a disclaimer that Johnson’s commentary “does not necessarily” reflect the larger organization’s views, Johnson proposes that schools be mandated to introduce a curriculum that forces kids to learn shooting skills, as part of his tongue-in-cheek suggestion for “gun required zones.” “

 

Examiner

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voters See A More Divided Nation; GOPers More Enthusiastic To Vote

 

 

 

” Voters strongly believe the United States is a more divided nation these days, and they think both sides are to blame. Most are also ready to do something about it at the ballot box in November.

  Sixty-seven percent (67%) of Likely U.S. Voters say America is a more divided nation than it was four years ago. A new Rasmussen Reports national telephone survey finds that just seven percent (7%) think the country is less divided now, while 21% rate the level of division as about the same.(To see survey question wording, click here.)

  Among voters who see more division or about the same level of it, 35% believe President Obama is to blame. But 34% point the finger at Republicans in Congress instead. Twenty-three percent (23%) say they’re both to blame. Just five percent (5%) attribute the division to something else.”

 

     All is proceeding as the Left has planned in the Balkanization of America , the first step towards bringing our nation to it’s knees …

 

 

 

Rasmussen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lying Commies

 

 

 

 

 

” “UNDER capitalism”, ran the old Soviet-era joke, “man exploits man. Under communism it is just the opposite.” In fact new research suggests that the Soviet system inspired not just sarcasm but cheating too: in East Germany, at least, communism appears to have inculcated moral laxity.

  Lars Hornuf of the University of Munich and Dan Ariely, Ximena García-Rada and Heather Mann of Duke University ran an experiment last year to test Germans’ willingness to lie for personal gain. Some 250 Berliners were randomly selected to take part in a game where they could win up to €6 ($8).”

 

 

The results were less than surprising …

 

 

” After finishing the game, the players had to fill in a form that asked their age and the part of Germany where they had lived in different decades. The authors found that, on average, those who had East German roots cheated twice as much as those who had grown up in West Germany under capitalism. They also looked at how much time people had spent in East Germany before the fall of the Berlin Wall. The longer the participants had been exposed to socialism, the greater the likelihood that they would claim improbable numbers of high rolls.”

 

The Economist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientists Probe Depths Of Mysterious Hole In Siberia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

” That mysterious crater deep in Siberia will soon be a bit less mysterious; a team of scientists just completed their first survey of the giant hole in northern Yamal — Siberian for “the end of the world.” Conspiracy theorists who thought bombs or UFOs might be involved will be disappointed to hear the team’s initial judgment: “There is nothing mysterious here,” said Andrey Plekhanov, one of the researchers, speaking with the Siberian Times. “It is simply Mother Nature’s law with its internal pressure and changes in temperatures.” “

 

NBC News

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Print Tasty Treats With MIT’s Ice Cream Printer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Three MIT students decided that 3D printers just aren’t interesting enough on their own any more. They wanted to design a new type of printer that would really get young kids engaged. What’s more engaging to children than sugary treats? The team got together to develop a new 3d printer that prints ice cream.

The machine is built around a Solidoodle. “

 

 

Continued at Hackaday

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1099 – 1st Crusaders capture, plunder Jerusalem

1240 – A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.

1381 – John Ball, a leader in the Peasants’ Revolt, is hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England.

1410 – Battle of Tannenburg-Teutonic Knights vs King Ladislas II of Poland

1779 – US troops under Gen A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, NY

1799 – The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign.

1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte captured

1823 – A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.

1869 – Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy

1876 – Baseball’s 1st no-hitter, St Louis’ George W Bradley no-hits Hartford

1912 – British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect

1916 – 22.22″ (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)

1916 – Boeing Co (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash

1918 – 2nd Battle of Marne began during WW I

1933 – Wiley Post began 1st solo flight around world

1941 – Florey & Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin)

1948 – Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain

1954 – 110°F (43°C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)

1958 – Pres Eisenhower sends US troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months

1960 – Balt Orioles’ Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle

1964 – Barry M Goldwater (Sen-R-Az) nominated for president by Republicans

1965 – “Mariner IV” sends back 1st pictures of Mars

1971 – Pres Nixon announces he would visit People’s Rep of China

1973 – Paul Getty III kidnapped

1973 – Ray Davies, announces retirement from Kinks then attempts suicide

2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.

2002 – Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.

2003 – AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.

 

 

 

Births

1458 – Juan Ponce de Leon, Spanish Explorer (d. 1521)

1573 – Inigo Jones, London, architect (Old St Paul’s Cathedral, Coven Garden)

1606 – Rembrandt van Rijn, Leiden Netherlands, painter (Night Watch), (d. 1669 )

1796 – Thomas Bulfinch, mythologist (Bulfinch’s Mythology)

1850 – Francesca Xavier Cabrini, [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint

1867 – Maggie Mitchell Walker, 1st woman bank director/philanthropist

1911 – Lord Shackelton, explorer/government minister

1927 – Ann Jellicoe, theater director/playwright (Knack)

1944 – Jan-Michael Vincent, Denver, actor (Hooper, Tribes, Buster & Billie)

1946 – Linda Ronstadt, Tucson Az, singer (Dif Drum)/actress (Pir of Penzance)

1950 – Arianna Huffington, Greek-born newspaper columnist

1951 – Jesse “The Body” Ventura, wrestler/actor (Predator, Running Man)

1956 – Joe Satriani, rocker

1960 – Kim Alexis, Lockport NY, supermodel (Sports Illustrated swimsuit cover) and actress

1961 – Forest Whitaker, Longview TX, actor (Bloodsport, Platoon, Stakeout)

1963 – Brigitte Nielsen, Eisinore Denmark, actress (Red Sonja, Rocky IV)

1976 – Diane Kruger, German actress and former fashion model

 

 

 

Deaths

1381 – John Ball, English priest/ideologist of Boer uprising, hanged

1410 – Ulrich von Jungingen, German Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (killed in battle) (b. 1360)

1751 – John Wilson, botanist, dies

1765 – Charles Andrew Vanloo, painter, dies

1869 – A J Haynes, US army captain and civil war veteren, assassinated by KKK 

1881 – William “Billy the Kid” Bonney, shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21

1883 – Tom Thumb, famous small person (40″), dies of a stroke at 44

1904 – Anton Pavlovich Chechov, Russian writer (Uncle Vanya), dies at 44

1940 – Robert Wadlow, world’s tallest man (8’11.1″), dies at 32

1948 – John J Pershing, [Black Jack], US general (Mexico, WW I), dies at 87

1997 – Gianni Versace, designer, shot to death by Andrew Cunanan at 50

2003 – Tex Schramm, American football team president and general manager (b. 1920)

2006 – Robert H. Brooks, founder of Hooters of America (b. 1937)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1223 – Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II 
1420 – Battle at Vitkov Zizka’s hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia
1520 – Battle of Otumba Mexico: Hernan Cortes & Tlascala’s vs Aztecs
1535 – Emperor Charles V conquerors Tunis
1544 – English troops attack The Canal
1581 – English jesuit Edmund Campion arrested
1682 – Henry Purcell appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London
1698 – The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
1714 – Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
1769 – The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
1771 – Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
1789 – Bastille Day-French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille
1791 – The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
1798 – 1st direct federal tax on states-on dwellings, land & slaves
1798 – Sedition Act prohibits “false, scandalous & malicious” writing against US government
1822 – Slave revolt in SC under Denmark Vesey/Peter Poyas
1823 – Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
1832 – Opium exempted from federal tariff duty
1845 – 1st postmasters’ provisional stamps issued, NYC
1845 – Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes & kills many
1850 – 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
1853 – 1st US World’s fair opens (Crystal Palace NY)
1853 – Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
1853 – Pres Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)
1861 – Gen McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA with 40,000 troops
1861 – Naval Engagement at Wilmington NC – USS Daylight establishes blockade
1863 – Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
1863 – Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
1864 – Gold is discovered in Helena, Mont
1865 – Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas & Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
1868 – Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure
1877 – General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
1891 – John T Smith patents corkboard
1902 – The Campanile in St Mark’s Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
1909 – Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
1911 – 46″ of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
1912 – Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
1914 – 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Robert Goddard)
1914 – NL’s Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
1916 – 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
1916 – St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
1918 – Dutch government reclaims South seas
1921 – Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted in Dedham Mass, of killing their shoe company’s paymaster
1927 – 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii
1932 – Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
1933 – Germany began mandatory sterilization of those with hereditary illness
1933 – NSDAP becomes only party in Germany
1933 – Verity bowls out Essex twice in a day, 8-47 & 9-44, at Leyton
1934 – 116°F (47°C), Orogrande NM (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
1934 – NY Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time
1934 – Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beats Cincinnati 18-0
1934 – Ruth hits 700th career home run
1936 – 1 million demonstrate to support French People’s Front government
1936 – 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)
1938 – Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifest
1940 – Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
1940 – Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
1941 – 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
1941 – Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
1941 – Jam rationed in Holland
1942 – 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
1942 – Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
1944 – Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
1944 – US assault on Coutances Cotentin
1945 – Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan
1946 – Dr Ben Spock’s “Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care” published
1946 – Mass murder on Jews in Kielce Poland
1946 – Cleve Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles & HR but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 HR with 8 RBIs
1948 – Israel bombs Cairo
1948 – Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
1949 – USSR explodes their 1st atom bomb
1950 – RE Wayne awarded 1st Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea
1951 – “Courtin’ Time” closes at National Theater NYC after 37 performances
1951 – “Make a Wish” closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 102 perfs
1951 – 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)
1951 – Citation becomes 1st horse to win $1,000,000 in races
1951 – George Washington Carver monument unveiled
1952 – SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)
1953 – 1st Natl monument dedicated to a Negro-George Washington Carver
1953 – 20th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
1953 – Communist offensive in Korea
1954 – 117°F (47°C), East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
1954 – 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
1955 – 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascott racetrack, England
1956 – Boston Red Sox Mel Parnell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 4-0
1957 – Soviet steamer “Eshghbad” sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
1958 – General Abdul K Kassem forms a military government in Iraq
1958 – Pope Pius XII publishes his 39th & last encyclical Meminisse juvat
1958 – Col Saddam Hussein & Iraqi army overthrows the monarchy
1959 – 1st atomic powered cruiser, Long Beach, Quincy Mass
1960 – Barbara Romack wins LPGA Leesburg Pro-Am Golf Tournament
1960 – Fire raging through a Guatemala City, Guatemala insane asylum kills 225, severly injuring 300
1961 – Astro’s Eddie Matthews hits HR #500
1961 – Finland’s Miettunen government forms
1961 – Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et magistrate
1962 – Borehole for Mont Blanc-tunnel finished
1962 – US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1963 – Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Sight Golf Open
1964 – Jacques Anquetil wins his 5th Tour de France
1964 – Oriole Bob Johnson’s 6th straight hit as a pinch hitter
1965 – Australian Ronald Clarke runs world record 10k (27:39.4)
1965 – Israeli/Jordanian border fights
1965 – US Mariner IV, 1st Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)
1966 – Richard Speck rapes & kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory
1967 – Astro Eddie Matthews hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Juan Marichal
1967 – Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing
1967 – The Who, opening for Herman’s Hermits begin a US tour
n1968 – Brave Hank Aaron hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Mike McCormick
1968 – Carol Mann wins LPGA Pabst Ladies’ Golf Classic
1968 – Houston Astro Don Wilson strikes-out 18, beats Reds 6-1
1968 – WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1969 – “Futbol War” between El Salvador & Honduras begins
1969 – Soccer war – Salvador-Honduras (1000 dead)
1969 – WMUL (now WPBY) TV channel 33 in Huntington, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
1969 – The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
1970 – 41st All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 at Riverfront Stadium, Cin
1970 – All star MVP: Carl Yastremski (Boston Red Sox)
1972 – Jean Westwood is 1st woman chosen to head Democratic Natl Committee
1972 – USSR performs underground nuclear Test
1972 – Plate ump & catcher in a game are brothers. Bill Haller is ump & Tom Haller is Tigers catcher, KC Royals win 1-0
1973 – 102nd British Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf shoots a 276 at Royal Troon
1973 – Phil Everly storms off stage declaring an end to Everly Brothers
1974 – Billy Martin is 1st AL manager ejected by ump from 2 games in 1 day
1974 – Bundy victims Janice Ott & Denise Naslund disappear, Lk Sammamish, WA
1974 – Sharon Miller wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1975 – EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced
1976 – Jimmy Carter wins Democratic pres nomination in NYC
1976 – USSR banishes dissident Andrei Amalrik to Netherlands
1977 – North Korea shoots down US helicopter, killing 3
1977 – US House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
1978 – Anatoly Scharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
1978 – Ump Doug Harvey ejects Don Sutton after discovering 3 scuffed balls
1978 – Allen Ginsburg completes “Plutonian Ode,” blocks trainload of fissile material headed for Rockwell’s nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado
1979 – USSR performs nuclear Test
1981 – Kevin Wade’s “Key Exchange,” premieres in London
1983 – Crane (Rep-R-Il) & Studds (Rep-D-Mas) admit to sex with pages
1984 – STS 41-D vehicle moves to Vandenberg AFB for remanifest of payloads
1984 – USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1985 – 40th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Kathy Baker
1985 – Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
1985 – Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
1986 – 10 killed & 60 injured at ETA-bomb attack in Madrid
1986 – 2nd government of Lubbers sworn in
1986 – 41st US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Jane Geddes
1986 – Motley Crue’s Vince Neil begins 30 day sentence for vehicular homicide
1986 – NASA’s plan to implement recommendations of Rogers commission
1986 – Paul McCartney releases “Press”
1986 – Richard W Miller became 1st FBI agent convicted of espionage
1986 – Shalamar’s Howard Hewett acquitted in Miami of drug charges
1987 – 58th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-0 in 13 at Oakland-Alameda Stad
1987 – All star MVP: Tim Raines (Montreal Expos)
1987 – Greyhound Bus buys Trailways Bus for $80 million
1987 – Lt Col Oliver North concludes 6 days of Congressional testimony
1987 – Rookie of the Year Award is renamed to honor Jackie Robinson
1987 – Steve Miller’s star is unveiled on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame
1987 – Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
1988 – 200,000 demonstrate in Soviet Armenia for incorporation of Nagorno-Karabak
1988 – Mike Schmidt passes Mickey Mantle with his 537th HR into 7th place
1988 – WYHY radio offers $1M to anyone who can prove Elvis is still alive
1989 – 16th James Bond movies “License to Kill” premieres
1990 – “Howard Stern’s Summer Show” premieres on WWOR-TV (NYC)
1990 – Sara Martin, of Illinois, crowned America’s Junior Miss
1991 – 46th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Meg Mallon
1991 – Failed military coup in Mali
1992 – 63rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 13-6 at Jack Murphy Stadium, SD
1992 – Actress Nell Carter undergoes brain surgery
1992 – All star MVP: Ken Griffey Jr (Seattle Mariners)
1992 – 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz beginning the Open Source Operating System Revolution. Linus Torvalds release his Linux soon afterwards.
1993 – Aeroflot starts non-stop flights between Moscow & NY
1994 – Gas explosion at old age home in Milan, 27 killed
1995 – LA Dodger Ramon Martinez no-hits the Florida Marlins 7-0
1995 – Ramon Martinez pitches a 7-0 no-hitter against the Marlins
1996 – “How To Succeed in Business…” closes at R Rodgers NYC after 548 perf
1996 – “Thousand Clowns” opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 32 performances
1996 – 14th Seniors Players Golf Championship: Raymond Floyd
1996 – Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
1996 – NY Yankee John Weteland sets record of 24 consecutive saves
1996 – NY Yanks sweep complete season series in Baltimore for 1st time
1997 – Bomb in Algiers kills 21 & wounds 40
2002 – French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
2007 – Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.
2012 – Suicide bomber attacks a wedding reception and kills 22 people and inures 22 in northern Afghanistan
2012 – Floods on the Japanese island of Kyushu kill 20 and displace 250,000

 

 

 

 

Births

1454 – Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
1486 – Andrea del Sarto, Italy, painter (Recollets)
1602 – Jules Mazarin, France, cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61)
1608 – George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
1610 – Ferdinando II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
1634 – Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
1671 – Jacques D’Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
1675 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
1676 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
1696 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
1707 – Jacques-Philippe Lamoninary, composer
1721 – John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
1743 – Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
1756 – Thomas Rowlandson, English painter/cartoonist/etcher
1785 – Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (d. 1851)
1794 – John G Lockhart, [Scorpion], biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott)
1801 – Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
1804 – Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general
1816 – Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
1818 – Nathaniel Lyon, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1861
1830 – Richard Henry Jackson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1831 – William Dwight, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
1834 – James Abbott McNeill Whistler, artist (Whistler’s Mother)
1839 – Edward Sydney Smith, composer
1854 – Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov, composer
1855 – Richard Samuel Hughes, composer
1857 – Maytag, inventor (washing machine)
1858 – Emmeline Pankhurst, England, found (Women’s Social & Political Union)
1859 – Willy Hess, German violinist (d. 1928)
1862 – Florence Bascom, US, 1st American woman PhD
1862 – Gustav Klimt, Austria, Art Nouveau painter
1865 – Annie Jones, Virginia, bearded lady
1868 – Gertrude Bell, Durham, British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), (d. 1926)
1869 – Owen Wister, US, novelist (Virginian)
1874 – ‘Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
1874 – Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (Actinium)
1880 – Donald Meek, Glasgow Scotland, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach)
1883 – Alexandru Zirra, composer
1884 – Charles Meldrum Daniels, Dayton Oh, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1904, 08)
1885 – King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
1890 – Ossip Zadkine, [Zadkin], Russ/French sculptor (Destroyed City)
1891 – Henry Oscar, London England, actor (Saint in London)
1893 – John G Strijdom, premier of South-Africa (1954-58)
1893 – Spencer Williams, Vidalia La, actor (Andy-Amos ‘n’ Andy)
1893 – Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
1895 – Frank Raymond Leavis, British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
1896 – Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
1898 – Ivan Triesault, Estonia, actor (Cry of the Werewolf, Black Parachute)
1898 – A. B. “Happy” Chandler, American politician and baseball commissioner (d. 1991)
1901 – George Tobias, NYC, actor (Abner Kravitz-Bewitched)
1901 – Gerald Finzi, London, British composer (Dies natalis)
1902 – Paul Guilfoyle, Jersey City NJ, actor/director (Curiosity Kills)
1902 – Richard Clarkson, aerodynamicist
1902 – Truman J Hedding, US vice-admiral (WW II)
1903 – Irving Stone, US, author (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life)
1903 – Ken Murray, NYC, comedian (Ken Murray Show, Judy Garland Show)
1904 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Poland, Yiddish novelist (Enemies-Nobel 1978)
1906 – Arthur James Bramwell Hutchings, composer
1906 – Tom Carvel, ice cream mogul (Carvels)
1908 – Chaim Raphael, writer
1909 – Annabella, [Suzanne G Charpentier], Paris, actress (Dinner at Ritz)
1910 – Peter Stadlen, pianist/critic
1910 – William Hanna, Melrose New Mexico, animator (Hanna-Barbera- Tom and Jerry, Scooby Doo), (d. 2001) 
1911 – J de Graaf, Dutch ethicist/president (Church & Peace)
1911 – Terry-Thomas, England, actor (It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World)
1912 – Woodrow Wilson “Woodie” Guthrie, folk singer (This Land Is Your Land)
1912 – Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
1913 – Fritz Erler, German politician (SDP)
1913 – Gerald R Ford, [Leslie King], Omaha Nebraska, 41st VP (1973-74)/38th pres (R-1974-77), (d. 2006)
1913 – Nigel Thomas Loveridge Fisher, politician
1914 – Sidney George Gray, company secretary
1916 – Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (Family dictionary)
1916 – Phyllis Stedman, politician
1917 – Arthur Leavins, violinist
1917 – Douglas Edwards, Alda Oklahoma, newscaster (CBS Evening News, FYI)
1918 – Arthur Laurents, NYC, playwright (West Side Story, Gypsy)
1918 – Ingmar Bergman, Uppsala Sweden, director (Cries & Whispers)
1918 – Jay Wright Forrester, invented random-access magnetic core memory
1919 – Lino Ventura, Parma Italy, actor (Happy New Year, Pain in the A–)
1921 – Geoffrey Wilkinson, chemist
1921 – Leon Garfield, English children’s author (d. 1996)
1922 – Peter Andrew Tranchell, composer
1922 – Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
1922 – Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard
1923 – Dale Robertson, Harrah Ok, actor (Death Valley Days, Walter-Dynasty)
1923 – Frances Lear, Larchmont NY, Woman’s magazine publisher (Lears)
1923 – Willie Steele, American Olympic gold medalist (d. 1989)
1924 – James W. Black, Scottish pharmacologist, Nobel laureate
1925 – Luis Antonio Escobar, composer
1926 – Harry Dean Stanton, West Irvine KY, actor (Alien, Cool Hand Luke)
1926 – Jan Krenz, composer
1927 – John William Chancellor, Chicago Ill, news anchor (NBC, VOA)
1928 – Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, artist/teacher
1928 – Nancy Olson, Milwaukee, actress (Absent-Minded Professor, Pollyanna)
1928 – Ole Schmidt, composer
1928 – Pierre Olaf, Cauderan France, actor (Kraft Music Hall)
1929 – George Alan Dawson, jazz drummer/teacher
1929 – Charles Anthony [Caruso], New Orleans, Louisiana, tenor (2,928 performances at Metropolitan Opera), (d. 2012)
1930 – Eric Norman Stokes, composer
1930 – Polly Bergen, Knoxville Tn, actress (Rhoda-Winds of War, Baby Talk)
1931 – Donald Eugene Webb, Oklahoma City, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1931 – Robert Stephens, Bristol England, actor (Uncle Kurt-Holocaust)
1932 – Roosevelt Grier, Cuthbert Ga, NFLer (NY Giants)/actor (Movin’ On)
1933 – Del Reeves, singer/guitarist
1933 – Robert Bourassa, Montreal, premier of Quebec (1970-76, 1985- )
1934 – Leo Joseph Koury, Pitts, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1934 – [Robert] Lee Elder, Dallas TX, PGA golfer (1974 Monsanto Open)
1936 – Gloria Lambert, Worcester Mass, singer (Sing Along With Mitch)
1936 – Robert F Overmyer, Lorain Ohio, Col USMC/astronaut (STS 5, STS 51B)
1937 – Khalid Hassan, Pak cricket leg-spinner (took 2-116 at 16 in only Test)
1937 – Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
1938 – Bob Scholl, rocker (Mellow Kings)
1938 – Jerry Rubin, activist (Chicago 7)/stockbroker
1939 – Karel Gott, Czech singer
1939 – Sid Haig, American actor
1939 – George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
1940 – Susan Howatch, English author
1941 – Tatyana Dmitryevna Kuznetsova, cosmonaut
1941 – Maulana Karenga, American author and activist
1941 – Andreas Khol, Austrian politician
1942 – Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
1943 – Lynn Loring, NYC, actress (Patty-Fair Exchange, Barbara-FBI)
1944 – Billy McCool, American baseball player
1945 – Peter James Leonard Klatzow, composer
1946 – Maureen O’Connor, Mayor (San Diego)
1946 – John Wood, Australian actor
1947 – Nick Benedict, Los Angeles CA, actor (Pistol-Birth of a Legend)
1947 – Steve Stone, Cleveland Ohio, sportscaster (Monday Night Baseball)
1947 – Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer
1948 – Tommy Matola, rock manager/CEO (CBS records)
1949 – Joyce Benson, LPGA golfer
1949 – Lukas D Barnard, head of South Africa secret service (NIS)
1950 – Bruce Oldfield, British mode-designer
1950 – Gwen Guthrie, American singer (d. 1999)
1951 – Esther Dyson, Zurich Switz, computer publisher (Release 1.0)
1951 – Judi Brown, E Lansing Mich, 400m hurdler (Olympic-silver-1984)
1951 – Erich Hallhuber, German actor (d. 2003)
1952 – Chris Cross, [St John], rock singer (Arthur)
1952 – Eric Laneuville, New Orleans La, actor (Larry-Room 222, St Elsewhere)
1952 – George Louis Francis Lewis, composer
1952 – Jerry Houser, Los Angeles California, actor (Slapshot, Summer of ’42, Class of ’44)
1952 – Joel Silver, South Orange NJ, producer (Warriors, Xanadu, Die Hard)
1952 – Stan Shaw, Chicago Illinois, actor (Mississippi, Roots Next Generation)
1952 – Franklin Graham, American evangelist
1952 – Bob Casale, AKA Bob 2, American Musician (Devo)
1953 – Bebe Buell [Beverle Lorence], Portsmouth, Virginia, American model/singer (Nov 1974 Playmate of the Month)
1954 – Jos Zoomer, Amsterdam Neth, rock drummer (Vandenberg)
1954 – Ralph D’Amico, jockey
1955 – L. Brent Bozell, American author and activist
1956 – Vladimir Kulich, Czech actor
1957 – Peter Webb, NZ cricketer (batsman against West Indies 1980)
1958 – Joe Keenan, American screenwriter, television producer and novelist.
1959 – Rodney Rash, horse trainer
1960 – Ray Herndon, Scottsdale Ar, singer (McBride & Ride-Can I Count on You)
1960 – Anna Bligh, Australian politician
1961 – Jackie Earle Haley, Northridge California, actor (Breaking Away)
1962 – Diane Ratnik, Toronto Ontario, volleyball setter (Olympics-8-92, 96)
1962 – Jeff Olson, American musician
1963 – Bel Le Harper, NFL tight end (Atlanta Falcons)
1963 – Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist
1964 – Barbara Chiu, Canton China, Canada table tennis player (Oly-33-92, 96)
1964 – Brett J Ogle, Paddington Austral, PGA golfer (1993 AT&T Pebble Beach)
1964 – Jack Kay Jr, Montreal Que, Canadian Tour golfer (1991 Singapore Open)
1965 – Reina Olea, female jockey
1966 – D J Johnson, NFL cornerback (Atlanta Falcons)
1966 – Matthew Fox, Crowheart Wyo, actor (Party of 5, Fredhman Dorm)
1966 – Tayna Donelly, rocker (Belly)
1966 – Ellen Reid, Canadian musician (Crash Test Dummies)
1966 – Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator
1967 – Glen Scrivener, CFL defensive tackle (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1967 – Hashan Tillekeratne, cricketer (Sri Lanka wicket-keeper/batsman)
1967 – Leonardo Lavalle, Mexico, tennis star
1967 – Robin Ventura, Santa Maria CA, infielder (Chicago White Sox)
1967 – Patrick J. Kennedy, politician
1968 – John Maginnes, Atlanta GA, Nike golfer (1994 NIKE Texarkana Open-5th)
1968 – Mark Lenz, US, 3m spring diver (Olympic-gold-1992)
1968 – Kazushi Sakuraba, Japanese mixed martial artist/professional wrestler
1969 – Jose Hernandez, Hato Rey Puerto Rico, infielder (Chicago Cubs)
1970 – Mark Brandenburg, Houston Texas, pitcher (Texas Rangers)
1970 – Mark Strickland, NBA forward (Miami Heat)
1970 – Michelle Sawatzky, Steinbach Manitoba, volleyballer (Olympics-96)
1970 – Missy Gold, Great Falls Mont, actress (Katie-Benson)
1970 – Todd Rucci, NFL guard (NE Patriots)
1971 – Mark LoMonaco, American professional wrestler
1971 – Joey Styles, American wrestling commentator
1971 – Marie-Chantal Toupin, French Canadian singer
1972 – Ben Talley, NFL linebacker (NY Giants)
1972 – Joe Aska, NFL running back (Oakland Raiders)
1972 – Lou Roe, NBA forward (Detroit Pistons)
1972 – Matthew Campbell, NFL tight end (Carolina Panthers)
1972 – Deborah Mailman, Australian actress
1973 – Kieren Perkins, Brisbane QLD Aust, 1500m swimmer (Olymp-2 gold-92, 96)
1973 – Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
1973 – Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player
1973 – Candela Peña, Spanish actress
1974 – Erick Dampier, NBA center (SF Warriors)
1974 – David Mitchell, English comedian and actor
1975 – Matthew Kessinger, Louisville Ky, fig skater (1995 Gt Lakes Jr champ)
1975 – Taboo, American rapper
1975 – Tim Hudson, American baseball player

1976 – Yesim Cetin, Miss Turkey Universe (1997)
1976 – Geraint Jones, English cricketer
1976 – Kirsten Sheridan, Irish film director and screenwriter
1977 – Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
1979 – Bernie Castro, Dominican baseball player
1979 – Axel Teichmann, German cross-country skier
1980 – George Smith, Australian Rugby player
1981 – Lee Mead, English actor
1981 – Yomi, Japanese vocalist (Nightmare)
1982 – Dmitry Chaplin, So You Think You Can Dance finalist
1983 – Wesley Dening, Australian TV personality
1984 – Chris Steele, Canadian musician, (Alexisonfire)
1987 – Adam Johnson, English footballer
1988 – James Vaughan, English footballer
1989 – Sean Flynn-Amir, American actor

 

 

 

 

Deaths

664 – Deusdedit of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
937 – Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
1223 – King Philip II of France (1180-1223) dies at 57
1298 – Jacob de Voragine, Italian bishop/writer (Golden Legend), dies
1575 – Richard Taverner, English Bible translator
1614 – Camillus de Lellis, Ital soldier/monastery founder/saint, dies at 64
1671 – Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (b. 1599)
1711 – Johan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange/(Nassau-Dietz), drowns at 23
1723 – Claude Fleury, French historian (b. 1640)
1742 – Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
1744 – Immanuel J Pyra, German poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28
1762 – Cornelis Hop, Amsterdams regent/diplomat, dies at 77
1766 – František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
1770 – David ‘t Kindt, Flemish architect (Mammelokker, Ghent), dies at 71
1774 – James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
1779 – George Ross, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
1780 – Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
1788 – Johann Gottfried Muthel, composer, dies at 60
1789 – Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (assassinated) (b. 1721)
1789 – Bernard-René de Launay, governor of the Bastille, murdered during the Storming of the Bastille (b.1740)
1790 – Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
1793 – Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist, dies in battle at 44
1803 – Esteban Salas y Castro, composer, dies
1812 – Christian G Heyne, German archaeologist, dies at 82
1816 – Francisco AG de Miranda, Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
1817 – Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Swiss author (b. 1766)
1827 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
1830 – Anthony FRE Haersolte, member of Executing Regime, dies at 73
1834 – Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
1850 – August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
1873 – Ferdinand David, Dutch violinist/composer, dies at 63
1876 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (b. 1816)
1881 – Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859?)
1895 – Alexander Ewing, composer, dies at 65
1902 – Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor, dies at 58
1904 – S J Paul Kruger, general/pres South-Africa (1883-1904), dies at 78
1907 – William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
1908 – William Mason, composer, dies at 79
1917 – Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
1923 – Louis Ganne, composer, dies at 61
1925 – Pancho Villa, Filipino world boxing champion (b. 1901)
1930 – W H Ashley, cricketer (Test South Africa, 7 wkts), dies
1938 – Robert Poore, cricketer (3 Tests for South Africa in 1895-96 series), dies
1939 – Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter, decorative artist (b. 1860)
1940 – Bill Howell, cricketer (18 Tests for Aust 1898-1905), dies
1942 – Neel [Cornelia H] Doff, Neth/French/Belgian painter’s model, dies
1943 – Johannes F “Frits” Bakker Sr, actor, dies at 74%
1948 – Palmiro Togliatti, Italy’s CPI chairman, assassinated
1949 – Frank Hearne, cricketer (2 Tests for England, 4 Tests for S Afr), dies
1951 – Sammy Jones, cricketer (last survivor of the 1882 Oval Test), dies
1954 – Jacinto Benavente y Martinez, Spanish playwright, dies at 87
1954 – Jackie Saunders, American silent screen actress (b. 1892)
1956 – Jaroslav Ridky, composer, dies at 58
1958 – Abdoel Illah, crown prince of Iraq, murdered
1958 – Emil Barth, writer, dies at 58
1958 – Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), assassinated at Baghdad
1958 – Franciscus J Feron, vicar-general of Roermond, dies at 62
1958 – Noeri el-Said, premier of Iraq, murdered
1959 – Grock, [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown/circus director, dies at 79
1965 – Adlai Stevenson, US amb to UN/pres candidate (D, 1952, 56), dies
1966 – Julie Manet, French painter (b. 1878)
1967 – Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
1968 – Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian sailor/author, dies at 76
1968 – Westbrook Van Voorhis, announcer (March of Time), dies at 64
1968 – Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (b. 1892)
1970 – Preston S Foster, actor (Waterfront, Gunslinger), dies at 69
1973 – Clarence White, guitarist (Byrds), killed by a car
1974 – Henri Smajda, Tunis/French publisher (Combat), commits suicide at 77
1974 – Carl Spaatz, American World War II general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, dies at 83
1975 – Zutty Singleton, US jazz drummer, dies at 77
1975 – Madan Mohan, Hindi Film’s Melodious Music director (b. 1924)
1979 – George De Witt, TV host (Name that Tune), dies at 56
1982 – George Amadee Tremblay, composer, dies at 71
1983 – Jack MacBryan, cricketer (Test for England 1924), dies
1984 – Al Schacht, [Clown prince of baseball], baseball player, dies at 91
1984 – Kenny Delmar, comedian (School House), dies at 74
1984 – Philippe Wynne, US soul singer (I’ll Be Around), dies at 43
1984 – Ernest Tidyman, American writer (b. 1928)
1986 – Raymond Loewy, US industrial designer, dies at 92
1989 – Frank Bell, British educator (b. 1916)
1990 – Dallas Alinder, dies
1990 – Philip Leacock, dies of collapsed lungs at 73
1991 – Nic van Bridges, Flemish poet, dies
1993 – Robert Strong
1994 – Patrick Crommelynck, Belgian pianist, commits suicide
1994 – Robert Jungk, German/French/Us/Austrian philosopher/historian, dies
1994 – Taeko Kuwata, Japanese/Belgian pianist, commits suicide
1995 – Michael Naylor, insurance broker, dies at 59
1996 – Frederick Angus Armstrong, journalist, dies at 82
1996 – Kenneth Tompkins Bainbridge, physicist, dies at 91
1996 – Kim Besly, activist, dies at 69
1996 – Jeff Krosnoff, CART driver (b. 1964)
1998 – Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (b. 1909)
2000 – William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (b. 1920)
2000 – René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
2000 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (b. 1944)
2002 – Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
2003 – Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist (b. 1926)
2003 – François-Albert Angers, French Canadian economist (b. 1909)
2005 – Joe Harnell, American musician, composer and arranger (b. 1924)
2005 – Cicely Saunders, English Nurse, physician and writer (b. 1918)
2007 – John Ferguson Sr, former professional hockey player (b. 1938)
2008 – Henki Kolstad, Norwegian actor (b. 1915)
2009 – Zbigniew Zapasiewicz, Polish actor (b. 1934)
2010 – Mădălina Manole, Romanian pop recording artist (b. 1967)
2010 – Gene Ludwig, American jazz organist (b. 1937)
2012 – Sixten Jernberg, Swedish skier, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1174 – William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.

1568 – Dean of St Paul’s Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer

1657 – Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert

1772 – Capt James Cook begins 2nd trip (Resolution) to South Seas

1787 – Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)

1836 – US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels

1837 – Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

1865 – Horace Greeley advises his readers to “Go west young man”

1868 – Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana

1923 – The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads “Hollywoodland ” but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.

1930 – 1st-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Uruguay

1934 – Babe Ruth hits HR #700 (against Detroit)

1936 – 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)

1936 – 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisc (state record)

1939 – Frank Sinatra made his recording debut

1943 – Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia’s defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 were lost by Germany

1945 – 1st atom bomb explodes in New Mexico

1966 – Richard Speck, murders 8 nurses in Chicago

1975 – 8.5″ (21.6 cm) of rainfall, Dover, Delaware (state record)

1977 – NYC experiences 25 hr black-out

1979 – Calif’s Nolan Ryan & Boston’s Steve Renko each lose no-hitters in 9th

1985 – “Live Aid” concert raises over $70 million for African famine relief

1996 – Cigar wins record 16th straight win, (ties Citation in 1940)

2011 – Mumbai is rocked by three bomb blasts during the evening rush hour, killing 26 and injuring 130.

 

 

 

 

Births 

100 BC – Julius Caesar, Rome, Roman military and political leader, (d. 44 BC), (or July 12)

1590 – Clement X, [Emilio Altieri], Italy, Pope (1670-76)

1745 – Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)

1815 – James Alexander Seddon, Secy War (Confederacy), died in 1880

1821 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, Chapel Hill Tennessee, slave trader/Confed lt-gen/KKK Grand Wizard, (d. 1877)

1864 – John Jacob Astor IV, American entrepreneur (d. 1912)

1913 – Dave Garroway, Schnectady NY, TV host (Today Show)

1913 – Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Hellerup Denmark, Danish shipping magnate, (d. 2012)

1921 – Charles Scribner Jr, music publisher (Scribner)

1928 – Bob Crane, Waterbury Ct, actor (Col Hogan-Hogan’s Heroes, Donna Reed)

1940 – Paul Prudhomme, cajun chef (K-Paul)

1942 – Giancarlo Giannini, Spezia Italy,actor (NY Stories, Sensual Man)

1942 – Harrison Ford, Chic Ill, actor (Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Frantic)

1942 – Roger McGuinn, guitarist (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn, Mr Tambourine Man)

1946 – Cheech Marin, [Richard], comedian (Cheech & Chong-Up in Smoke)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

939 – Leo VII, Italian Pope (936-39), dies

1309 – Jan I van Nassau, bishop of Utrecht, dies

1402 – Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)

1755 – Edward Braddock, British general, dies in battle at Pittsburgh

1761 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)

1785 – Stephen Hopkins, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 78

1793 – Jean Paul Marat, French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday

1882 – Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)

1890 – John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)

1946 – Alfred Stieglitz, US photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82

1954 – M C Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter/wife of Diego Rivera, dies at 47

1955 – Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging

1973 – Lon Chaney Jr, actor (Hawkeye, Pistols ‘n’ Petticoats), dies at 67

1988 – Samuel L Mendel, oldest US war veteran, dies at 104

1993 – Davey Allisson, race car drive, dies in a plane crash at 32

1994 – Eddie Boyd, blues vocal/pianist, dies at 79

1994 – Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate, dies at 50

1995 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (b. 1920)

2006 – Red Buttons, American comedian (b. 1919)

2010 – George Steinbrenner, American businessman and owner of the New York Yankees, dies from heart attack at 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1191 – Saladin’s garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city’s walls and towers.

1472 – Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminister Abbey.

1543 – England’s King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife)

1630 – New Amsterdam’s governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, it is later known as Ellis Island

1679 – Britain’s King Charles II ratified Habeas Corpus Act

1690 – Battle of Boyne-King William III defeats catholic king James II

1785 – 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands

1804 – Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel.

1900 – 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)

1901 – Cy Young wins his 300th game

1906 – Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France

1920 – Panama Canal opens

1933 – Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)

1962 – Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London)

1966 – 10.51″ (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record)

1967 – Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured & over 1000 arrested

1970 – Blues-Rock singer Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky

1970 – Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atl Ocean in “Ra” docks in Barbados

1972 – Democrats nominated George McGovern for president in Miami Fla

1993 – 7.8 earthquake hits Hokkaido Japan, 160 killed

1994 – Nomination hearings for Steven Breyer for supreme court justice begins

1997 – Cubs play in their 5,000th consecutive gane with out being no-hit

 

 

 

 

Births

1730 – Josiah Wedgwood, England, pottery designer/manufacturer (Wedgwood)

1817 – Henry David Thoreau, Concord Mass, naturalist/pacifist (Walden Pond), (d. 1862)

1854 – George Eastman, Waterville NY, inventor (Kodak camera)

1864 – George Washington Carver, botanist (studied the peanut) [or Jan 10]

1884 – Louis B. Mayer, Dymer, Ukraine, American film producer and creator of the star system (MGM)

1884 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italy, painter/sculptor (Reclining Nude)

1895 – Oscar Hammerstein II, NYC, lyricist who worked with Richard Rodgers

1895 – R Buckminster Fuller, architect/inventor (geodesic dome)

1908 – Milton Berle, Harlem NYC, comedian (Uncle Miltie, Mr Television)

1917 – Andrew Wyeth, Chadds Ford Pa, painter (Christina’s World)

1933 – Donald E. Westlake, American author

1937 – Bill Cosby, Phila, actor/comedian (I Spy, Cosby, Leonard Part 6)

1943 – Christine McVie, Lancashire, rock vocalist (Fleetwood Mac-Got A Hold on Me)

1949 – Rick Hendrick, American NASCAR team owner, and car dealer.

1951 – Cheryl Ladd, Huron SD, actress (Charlie’s Angels, Purple Hearts)

1978 – Michelle Rodriguez, American actress

 

 

 

 

Deaths

783 – Bertha “with the great feet”, wife of French king Pippin III, dies

1450 – Jack Cade, slain in a revolt against British King Henry VI

1536 – Desiderius Erasmus, humanist/priest (Novum instrumentum omne), dies

1712 – Richard Cromwell, English Lord Protector (1658-59), dies at 85

1804 – Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury, killed by Vice President Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken

1934 – Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)

1973 – Lon Chaney Jr, actor (Wolfman), dies after long illness at 66

1976 – Ted Mack, TV host (Original Amateur Hour), dies at 72

1983 – Chris Wood, rocker (Traffic), dies at 39

1992 – Albert Pierrepont, last British executioner (433 men/17 women), dies

1996 – John Chancellor, news anchor (VOA, NBC), dies at 68

2008 – Tony Snow, former speechwriter for Presidents George H.W. Bush and press secretary for George W. Bush (b. 1955)

2008 – Bobby Murcer, center fielder for the New York Yankees,San Francisco Giants, and Chicago Cubs from 1965-1983(b. 1946)

2011 – Sherwood Schwartz, American Television Writer (b. 1916)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

 

 

 

 

Film Critics Hate ‘America’

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Dinesh D’Souza shocked the movie world in 2012 with his anti-President Barack Obama documentary “2016,” which became the second highest-grossing documentary in U.S. movie history. On July 2, he unveiled his new documentary called “America: Imagine the World Without Her.” It has already grossed $5 million in its first week. One fictional competitor, the abortion-promoting comedy “Obvious Child,” barely grossed $2 million in its first month.

  But there’s a more dramatic contrast. Film critics are supposed to judge art, but their liberal politics are smeared all over their reviews. Metacritic.com collects and analyzes movie reviews. “Obvious Child” drew a high Metacritic.com score of 75 (out of 100). For D’Souza’s “America,” it was a ridiculously low score of 14.” “

 

 

   Brent Bozell tells the tale , but is anyone surprised that the film “critics” pan anything at all that shows America in a positive light while gushing over all things anti-American ? They are as predictable as the sunrise .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

911 – Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.

1156 – Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.

1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

1405 – Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time.

1533 – Pope Clement VII excommunicated England’s King Henry VIII

1750 – Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire.

1776 – Captain James Cook begins his third voyage

1798 – US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress

1804 – Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

1812 – US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)

1864 – Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Wash DC

1888 – 118°F (48°C), Bennett, Colorado (state record)

1914 – Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleve 4-3

1922 – The Hollywood Bowl opens.

1936 – Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opens

1955 – New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colo with 300 cadets

1962 – Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight – 4 days

1962 – Fred Baldasare is 1st to swim English Channel underwater (scuba)

1975 – Chinese archeologists discover a 3-acre burial site with 6,000 clay statues of warriors dating as early as 221 BC

1985 – Astros’ Nolan Ryan, 1st to strike out 4000 (Mets’ Danny Heep)

2006 – 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.

 

 

 

 

Births

1274 – Robert Bruce, King of Scotland (1306-29)

1628 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)

1709 – Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist (d. 1785)

1767 – John Quincy Adams, Braintree (Quincy) Mass, 6th Pres (D) (1825-1829)

1897 – Blind Lemon Jefferson, rocker

1897 – Bull Connor, American law enforcement official (d. 1973)

1899 – E B White, writer (Charlotte’s Web, Elements of Style), (d. 1985)

1915 – Colin Purdie Kelly, US, 1st US air hero (during WW II)

1920 – Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (d. 1985)

1934 – Giorgio Armani, Milan Italy, fashion designer (American Gigolo)

1975 – Lil’ Kim, American rapper

 

 

 

 

Deaths

155 – Pius I, bishop of Rome (approx 140-155)/saint/martyr, dies

1581 – Peder Skram, Danish senator and naval hero

1690 – Friedrich H duke van Schomberg, marshal, dies in battle at 75

1775 – Simon Boerum, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)

1825 – Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)

1926 – Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist, dies at 57

1937 – George Gershwin, composer (American in Paris), dies at 38

1942 – Simon de la Bella, Dutch president (NVV), dies in Dachau

1971 – John W Campbell, US, sci-fi writer (Space Beyond), dies at 61

1973 – Robert Ryan, US actor (Dirty Dozens, Longest Day), dies at 63

1983 – Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian writer (b. 1915)

1989 – Laurence Olivier, acting great (Hamlet), dies at 82

2007 – Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

48 BC – Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.

988 – The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey.

1040 – Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes

1212 – The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.

1460 – Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton

1553 – Lady Jane Grey becomes queen of England

1584 – William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.

1778 – American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1797 – 1st US frigate, the “United States,” is launched in Phila

1890 – Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)

1910 – Chicago White Sox Comiskey Park opens, visiting Browns win 2-0

1911 – 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)

1913 – Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.

1936 – 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)

1936 – 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record

1936 – 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)

1936 – 112°F (44°C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record

1938 – “Yankee Clipper” completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

1938 – Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

1940 – Battle of Britain began as Nazi forces attacked by air (114 days)

1949 – WJAR TV channel 10 in Providence, RI (NBC) begins broadcasting

1962 – Telstar, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched

1965 – Rolling Stones score their 1st #1, “I Can’t Get No Satisfaction”

1979 – Chuck Berry sentenced to 4 months for $200,000 in tax evasion

1985 – French agents sink Greenpeace’s Rainbow Warrior in NZ

1997 – Hideki Irabu makes his debut as a NY Yankee, he beats Tigers 10-3

2002 – At a Sotheby’s auction, Peter Paul Rubens’ painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Kenneth, Lord Thomson.

2005 – Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle causing billions of dollars in damage.

 

 

 

 

Births

1452 – King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)

1509 – John Calvin, Protestant religious reformer/theologian

1723 – William Blackstone, London England, jurist (Blackstone’s Commentaries)

1834 – James A McNeill Whistler, US/British painter (Whistler’s Mother)

1839 – Adolphus Busch, German-born brewer (d. 1913)

1856 – Nikola Tesla, Croatian physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil

1871 – Marcel Proust, France, novelist (Remembrance of Things Past)

1897 – Jack “Legs” Diamond”, American bootlegger (d. 1931)

1914 – Saul Bellow, Quebec, novelist (Nobel 1976-Mr Samler’s Planet)

1921 – Jake LaMotta, Bronx New York, middleweight boxing champ (1949-51) (Raging Bull)

1923 – John Bradley, United States Navy corpsman, one of six who raised flag on top of Mt. Suribachi(see Iwo Jima) (d. 1994)

1926 – Fred Gwynne, NYC, actor (Car 54 Where Are You, Munsters)

1931 – Julian May, US, sci-fi author (Golden Torc, Magnificat)

1943 – Arthur Ashe, tennis pro (1968 US Open, 1975 Wimbledon)

1947 – Arlo Guthrie, Bkln, singer (Alice’s Restaurant, City of New Orleans)

1980 – Jessica Simpson, Abilene, Texas, singer and popstar (“I Wanna Love You Forever,” “I Think I’m In Love,” and “Where You Are.”) 

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1099 – El Cid, of Castile (b. 1044)

1535 – Jacob Van Campen, Reconstruction bishop, beheaded

1692 – Bridget Bishop, 1st Salem witch hanged

1851 – Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (b. 1787)

1863 – Clement Clarke Moore, (‘Twas the Night Before Xmas), dies at 83

1920 – John A “Jacky” Kilverston, adm/designer (dreadnought), dies at 79

1941 – Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton, pioneer jazz pianist, dies in LA at 56

1945 – Robert Goddard, Rocket pioneer, dies

1979 – Arthur Fiedler, orchestra leader (Boston Pops), dies at 84

1989 – Mel Blanc, cartoon voice (Warner Bros cartoons), dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Most Depressing Chart You’ll See All Day

 

 

 

1stAmend

 

 

 

” The American people are low-information voters.

  But their lack of information doesn’t just apply to the candidates they vote for or the issues that are important to them; it also applies to some of the most basic founding principles of this country — up to and including the First Amendment.

  The First Amendment Center has conducted yearly studies asking people their opinions of certain freedoms and how far they extend. But before they get to that point, they ask people to simply name the freedoms enumerated in the First Amendment.

  The results, as the below (see above) chart shows, are somewhere between depressing and less-than-inspiring.”

 

     It comes as no surprise that the more the State spends on “education” the less informed our youth become . For two generations the education system has been moving away from basic history and civics and into all of the touchy-feely , propaganda that serves to minimize the accomplishments of our forebearers and the individual and consolidate the belief in the all-powerful State , all with the help of our compliant “watchdogs” in the media …

 

 

 

 

 The State and their media lackies are proceeding with a systematic curriculum of misinformation designed with the specific intention of making the “common folk” forget about their basic rights under the Constitution and allow power to be usurped and aggregated in the hands of the politicians and the bureaucrats , all in the name of the “public good” .

Washington Post Blog

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1401 – Mongol monarch Timur Lenk destroys Baghdad

1540 – England’s King Henry VIII 6-mo marriage to Anne of Cleves annulled

1595 – Johannes Kepler inscribes geometric solid construction of universe

1755 – Brit Gen E Braddock mortally wounded during French & Indian War

1795 – James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt

1815 – 1st natural gas well in US is discovered

1853 – Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan

1877 – 1st Wimbledon tennis championship is held

1893 – Daniel Williams performs 1st successful open heart surgery without anesthesia

1910 – Walter Brookins becomes 1st to pilot an airplane to 1 mile altitude

1917 – British warship “Vanguard” explodes at Scapa Flow killing 804

1918 – 101 killed & 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tenn

1950 – 13.15″ (33.40 cm) of rainfall, York, Nebraska (state 24-hour record)

1955 – Bill Haley & Comets’ “Rock Around the Clock” tops billboards chart

1956 – Dick Clark’s 1st appearance as host of American Bandstand

1971 – Henry Kissinger visits China PR

1989 – Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.

1997 – Mike Tyson is banned from boxing, for biting Holyfield’s ear

1999 – Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.

 

 

 

 

Births

1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1571)

1766 – J Schopenhauer, writer

1802 – Thomas Davenport, invented 1st coml electric motor

1819 – Elias Howe, Spencer Mass, invented sewing machine

1856 – Daniel Guggenheim, US (Guggenheim Museum)

1901 – Barbara Cartland, romance author (Camfield #69)

1916 – Edward Heath, (C) British PM (1970-74)

1928 – Vince Edwards, Bkln NY, actor (Ben Casey, Matt Lincoln, Firehouse)

1932 – Donald Rumsfeld, politician (involved in Watergate)

1937 – David Hockney, Bradford England, artist (Pop Art)

1956 – Tom Hanks, Concord California, actor (Bossom Buddies, Forrest Gump, Phila)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1386 – Leopold III of Austria (b. 1351)

1746 – Philip V, French King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46), dies at 62

 

 

 

1797 – Edmund Burke, British author/parliament leader (Reflections), dies at 68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1850 – Zachary Taylor, 12th pres (1849-50), dies in White House at 65

1938 – Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (b. 1870)

1992 – Eric Sevareid, American reporter (b. 1912)

2002 – Rod Steiger, American actor (b. 1925)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

939 – The Major Occultation, or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi
951 – Paris is founded
1099 – First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
1283 – War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta
1497 – Vasco da Gama departs for trip to India
1579 – Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
1663 – King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island
1672 – Willem II becomes captain-/admiral-general
1680 – The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1693 – NYC authorizes 1st police uniforms in American colonies
1709 – Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes
1716 – Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen
1758 – English & Colonial assault on France at Ticonderoga, NY
1776 – Col John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Dec of Independence (Phila)
1777 – Vt becomes 1st state abolishing slavery, adopts male suffrage
1778 – George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
1792 – France declares war on Prussia
1796 – US State Dept issues 1st American passport
1797 – 1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
1800 – Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination to his son to prevent smallpox
1805 – American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
1816 – Frost in Waltham, MA
1822 – Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
1833 – Russia & Turkey sign defense treaty
1835 – Liberty Bell cracks (again)
1836 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches Saint-Helena
1838 – Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
1849 – St Paul’s Place in the Bronx named
1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
1859 – King Charles XV/Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
1861 – CS Gen Sibley is given command of rebel troops in NM territory
1861 – Skirmish at Florida, MI – A rebel encampment is attacked & dispersed
1862 – Odore R Timby patents revolving gun turret
1864 – The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi’s planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
1870 – Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
1870 – Gov Holden of NC declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection
1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.
1876 – White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5
1889 – John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds (last bare-knuckle bout)
1889 – Wall Street Journal begins publishing
1891 – 61°F, highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore & Phila
1892 – American Psychological Association organized, Worcester, Mass
1892 – St. John’s, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
1895 – Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South-Africa
1896 – William Jennings Bryan “cross of gold” speech at Dem convention
1897 – Harbor Hospital formally opens
1898 – Phillies Red Donahue no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
1898 – US battle fleet under adm Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila
1898 – The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
1900 – 1st night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids)
1902 – John McGraw, accused by Ban Johnson of trying to wreck Baltimore & Washington clubs, negotiates his release from the Orioles
1905 – Part of Angel Island allocated for Immigration Detention Center
1907 – Florenz Ziegfeld staged 1st `Follies’ on NY Theater roof
1909 – 1st pro baseball game (minor league) played under lights
1911 – Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcont trip by horse
1912 – G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles v Cambridge
1912 – Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight
1918 – Babe Ruth’s blast over the fence in Fenway scores Amos Strunk, the Red Sox win 1-0 over Cleve, prevailing rules reduce Babe’s HR to a triple
1919 – Pres Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference
1922 – 35th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats M Mallory (62 60)
1923 – Harding becomes 1st sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)
1923 – Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
1928 – Phillies set record of errorless 25 inning doubleheader
1932 – Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22
1932 – Herbert Sutcliffe scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Gloucs
1933 – 46th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats D Round (64 68 63)
1933 – Public Works Administration becomes effective
1935 – 3rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-1 at Municipal Stadium, Cleve
1938 – Would be start of Eng/Aust Test Cricket at Old Trafford Washout
1939 – 59th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bobby Riggs beats E Cooke (26 86 36 63 62)
1941 – 9th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-5 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
1941 – All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
1943 – 4th day of battle at Kursk: Gen Model uses last tank reserve
1943 – British air raid sinks U-232
1943 – NSB-leader A Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler
1943 – US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
1944 – British troops march into Caen
1944 – Japanese kamakize attacks on US lines at Saipan
1946 – “Tidbits of 1946″ opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 8 performances
1946 – Baseball grants $5,000 minimum salary
1947 – 14th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-1 at Wrigley Field, Chicago
1947 – Demolition begins for UN HQ in NYC
1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crashed landed in Roswell, New Mexico.
1948 – 500th anniversary Russian orthodox church celebrated in Moscow
1949 – Monte Irvin & Hank Thompson are 1st blacks to play for NY Giants
1950 – 33.4 cm rain fall at York, Nebraska (state record)
1950 – 57th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Louise Brough beats M duPont (61 36 61)
1950 – Gen Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief, UN forces in Korea
1950 – Leroy Deans awarded 1st Order of Purple Heart in Korea
1951 – Yankee Joe DiMaggio & mgr Casey Stengel feud
1952 – 19th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-2 in 5 at Shibe Park, Phila
1953 – US stops aid to Persia
1954 – KMOX (now KMOV) TV channel 4 in Saint Louis, MO (CBS) 1st broadcast
1954 – Military junta selects colonel Armas president of Guatemala
1956 – Joyce Ziske wins LPGA Syracuse Golf Open
1956 – US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1957 – Baeball Owners re-elect Commissioner Ford Frick
1957 – CDC incorporates
1957 – Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn-Fein leaders
1958 – 25th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-3 at Memorial Stadium, Balt
1960 – Fidel Castro ends Havana’s Intl League team, Sugar Kings move to NJ
1961 – Fred Trueman takes 5-0 in 24 balls to rip through Aussies
1961 – Portuguese steamer “Save” breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
1962 – Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Kelly Girls Golf Open
1963 – Reports of Charlie Finley’s intention to move KC A’s to Oakland
1963 – US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba
1965 – Joe Morgan is 1st Houston player with 6 hits in a game
1966 – US airline strike (until Aug 19th)
1966 – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
1967 – 74th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie Jean King beats A Jones (63 64)
1967 – Helen Weston of Detroit rolls a record 4,585 in 24 games
1968 – Israeli-Egyptian artillery duel along Suez Canal
1969 – Thor Heyerdahl & reed raft Ra II land in Barbados 57 days from Morocco
1969 – US troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam
1969 – IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.
1970 – SF Giant Jim Ray Hart is 8th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (5th)
1971 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1972 – US sells grain to USSR for $750 million
1973 – Mary Lou Crocker wins LPGA MARC Equity Golf Classic Crocker
1973 – NY Mets are 12½ games back in NL and go on to win pennant
1974 – USSR performs underground nuclear test
1974 – Yank shortstop Jim Mason ties record with 4 doubles in 9 inn game
1975 – Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West-Germany
1975 – Pres Ford announced he’ll seek Republican nomination for pres
1975 – Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
1976 – Randy Jones wins NL record 16 games before All Star break
1977 – Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hrs)
1978 – 92nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats Jimmy Connors (62 62 63)
1978 – Alessandro Pertini elected pres of Italy
1978 – Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus
1979 – Congo adopts constitution
1979 – Don Martina’s MAN party wins election in Dutch Antilles
1979 – Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1979 – Voyager 2 takes 1st ever photo of Jupiter’s satellite Adrastea (J14)
1980 – 51st All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-2 at Dodger Stadium, LA
1980 – All star MVP: Ken Griffey (Cin Reds)
1981 – France performs nuclear test
1981 – PM Maurois nationalizes banks/plane/steel industry in France
1981 – Senate confirms Sandra Day O’Conner to Supreme Court (99-0)
1982 – “7 Brides for 7 Brothers” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 5 perfs
1982 – Billy Martin records his 1,000th career win as a manager
1982 – Porn star John Homes convicted of receiving stolen property
1982 – Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized.
1983 – Rudi Koopmans retains European middleweight title
1984 – 98th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John McEnroe beats J Connors (61 61 62)
1984 – Lauri Peterson wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1985 – 99th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Boris Becker beats K Curren (63 67 76 64)
1985 – Marge Schott becomes CEO of Cincinnati Red
1986 – Farthest thrown object-an “Aerobie” flying ring, 383 m (1,257′)
1986 – NASA establishes Safety, Reliability Maintain & Quality Assurance
1986 – Zimbabwe beats Netherlands by 25 runs to win ICC Trophy
1987 – Kitty Dukakis, revealed addiction to amphetamines for 26 years
1988 – Indians’ Bud Black sets club record for most batters hit in inning (3)
1988 – Miami Arena opens
1988 – Rockers Jonathan “Chico” & Robert DeBarge indicted on drug trafficking
1988 – Stevie Wonder announces he will run for mayor of Detroit in 1992
1989 – Carlos Saul Menum becomes pres of Argentina
1989 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1990 – 12:34:56 on 7/8/90 (1234567890)
1990 – Brewers beat Angels 20-7, including 13 in 5th inning
1990 – Germany beats Argentina 1-0 for soccer’s 14th World Cup at Rome
1990 – Greg Lemond wins his 3rd Tour de France (90:43:20 avg 23.3 mph)
1990 – Tina Purtzer wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1990 – Trailing 7-0, Brewers tie Angels & then score 13 in 5th to win 20-7
1991 – Pitts Pirate Pres Carl Barger becomes 1st pres of Fla Marlins
1991 – Major league umpire Steve Palermo & former NFL defensive lineman Terence Mann were shot trying to help 2 waitresses from being robbed
1992 – Florida Marlins unveil their uniform
1992 – Thomas Klestil installed as president of Austria
1992 – Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities.
1994 – Preliminary trial rules there is enough evidence to try OJ Simpson
1994 – Sonia O’Sullivan runs female 2K world record (5:25.36)
1994 – Space shuttle STS-65 (Columbia 17), launches
1994 – St Maarten “Godfather” Claude Wathey sentenced to 1½ years
1995 – 102nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Graf beats Arantxa S Vicario (46 61 75)
1995 – 1st CFL game between 2 US teams, Las Vegas Posse vs Sacramento Gold
1997 – 68th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Jacobs Field, Cleveland
1997 – NATO invites Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic to join
1999 – Allen Lee Davis is executed by electrocution by the state of Florida, the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in Florida.
2003 – Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old boy who subsequently dies as a result of his injuries.
2011 – Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program.
2012 – Roadside car bomb kills 14 civilians in Afghanistan’s Kandahar Province
2012 – Tens of thousands protest over election corruption in Mexico City after Enrique Pe

Births

1528 – Emanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy/governor of Netherland
1545 – Don Carlos, son of Spanish king Philip II
1574 – Giovanni Battista Stefanini, composer
1593 – Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter (d. 1653)
1604 – Heinrich Albert, Germany, composer (Arien oder Melodien)
1621 – Jean de la Fontaine, French poet (Fables)
1637 – Johann Georg Ebeling, composer
1638 – Matteo Coferati, composer
1757 – Richard Wainwright, composer
1760 – Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
1766 – Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
1792 – Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
1809 – Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja)
1819 – Alexander Hays, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
1819 – Vatroslav Lisinski, composer
1819 – Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
1821 – William Harvey Lamb Wallace, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1824 – Waldimir “Kriz” Krzyzanowski, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1826 – Benjamin Henry Grierson, Major General (Union volunteers)
1826 – Robert Kingston Scott, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1829 – Pierre A Vicomte de Ponson du Terrail, French serial writer
1830 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
1830 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)
1836 – Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies
1838 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Baden Germany, inventor (rigid dirigibles), (d. 1917)
1839 – John D Rockefeller, Richford New York, US capitalist/founder (Standard Oil), (d. 1937)
1844 – Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator (Boston Cooking School)
1851 – Arthur J Evans, English archaeologist (Crete)
1857 – Rudolf Dellinger, composer
1867 – Kathe Kollwitz, Germany, print maker/sculptor (Bauernkrieg)
1869 – William V Moody, US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
1870 – Marie C of Zeggelen, Dutch novelist (Koloniaaltje)
1871 – Clement Harris, composer
1871 – Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
1878 – Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
1882 – Percy Grainger, Melbourne, composer/pianist/conductor (Hill Songs)
1882 – Waverley John Anderson, Scottish viscount/governor of Bengal
1885 – Ann Jemima Flower, oldest resident of Netherlands
1885 – Emil Bloch, German philosopher
1889 – Eugene Pallette, Winfield KS, actor (Adv of Robin Hood, Mark of Zorro)
1890 – W Hasenvlever, writer
1891 – Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Poor Part, Bruidstijd)
1891 – Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Working Day)
1892 – Richard Aldington, writer
1892 – Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
1893 – Fritz Perls, father of Gestalt therapy
1894 – Clemens VI Trefois, Flemish architect/sociologist
1895 – Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer/director (God & the Worms)
1898 – Alec Waugh, London, novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn
1898 – Melville Ruick, Boise Idaho, actor (Barton-City Hospital)
1899 – David Eli Lilienthal, US government organizer (Wisconsin)
1900 – George Antheil, Trenton NJ, composer (Airplane Sonata)
1901 – Donald Benjamin Harden, archaeologist
1904 – Bill Challis, arranger/pianist
1904 – Henri Cartan, French mathematician
1905 – Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
1906 – Philip Johnson, Cleveland Ohio, Cortalyou architect
1907 – George W Romney, (Gov-R-Mich)/US Secretary of HUD (1969-73)
1907 – Kishio Hirao, composer
1908 – Louis Jordan, Ark, alto saxman (Caldonia)
1908 – Nelson A Rockefeller, (Gov-R-NY) 41st VP (1974-77)
1909 – Petar Segedin, Croatian novelist (Holy Devil)
1910 – Govan AM Mbeki, South African leader (ANC/SACP)
1911 – Gertrude Niesen, NY, actress (Start Cheering)
1911 – Ken Farnes, cricket bowler (fast England in pre-WW II years)
1912 – Jacques Stehman, composer
1913 – Walter Kerr, NY drama critic (Sad Clowns)
1914 – Billy Eckstine, Pittsburgh PA, jazz singer (Tenderly, A Fool in Love)
1914 – Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
1915 – Charles Hard Townes, Greenville SC, physicist (developed lasers)
1917 – Faye Emerson, Elizabeth La, actress (I’ve Got a Secret)
1917 – Glenn Langan, Denver Colorado, actor (Amazing Colossal Man, Margie)
1917 – Pamela Brown, London England, actress (Cleopatra, Beckett)
1918 – Craig Stevens, Liberty Mo, actor (Craig-Dallas, Peter Gunn)
1919 – Walter Scheel, German Foreign minister/president
1920 – Dolph Sweet, NYC, actor (Gimme a Break, Which Way is Up)
1920 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish industrialist (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
1923 – Harrison Dillard, Cleve, 100m runner (Oly-4 gold-1948, 52)
1924 – Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (d. 2005)
1926 – Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, author/physician/educator
1926 – John D Dingell, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1955- )
1927 – Carlo Franci, composer
1927 – Maurice Hayes, Irish politician
1928 – Carol Henry, Newark NJ, choreographer (Garry Moore Show)
1928 – Norma Donaldson, singer/actress (Poetic Justice, 5 Heartbeats)
1929 – Shirley Ann Grau, author (Keepers of the House)
1930 – Valeri Aleksandrovich Yazdovsky, Russian cosmonaut
1931 – Jerry Vale, [Genaro Louis Vitaliano], NYC, singer (Arriverderci Roma)
1931 – Louis Ballard, composer
1931 – Roone Arledge, Forest Hills NY, head of sports broadcasting (ABC)
1933 – Antonio Lamer, French Canadian lawyer and chief justice
1934 – Marty Feldman, London England, comedian (Young Frankenstein)
1934 – Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician
1935 – John David Crow, football player (Heisman Trophy 1957)
1935 – Steve Lawrence, Bkln, singer/actor (Go Away Little Girl, Lonely Guy)
1935 – Vitali Ivanovich Sevastiyanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 9, 18B)
1936 – Rudolf W de Korte, Dutch Unilever-director/minister EA (L)
1937 – Barbara Ann Loden, actress (Ernie Kovac’s Show)
1938 – Marian Ackerman, women’s rights advocacy administrator
1940 – Marcia Rodd, actress (Little Murders, T R Baskins)
1941 – Dario Gradi, Italian-born football manager
1942 – Chuck Negron, Bronx NY, rock vocalist (3 Dog Night-Joy to the World)
1942 – Janice Pennington, Kansas, playmate (May 1971)/model (Price is Right)
1942 – Phil Gramm, (Sen-R Texas, 1985- )
1943 – Faye Wattleton, St Louis Mo, sociologist/pres (Planned Parenthood)
1944 – Jaimoe “Johnny” Johanson, US rock drummer (Allman Brothers)
1944 – Jeffrey Tambor, SF California, actor (Jeffrey-Ropers, Larry Sanders)
1945 – Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
1946 – Cynthia Gregory, LA, ballerina (NY Ballet Co)
1947 – Kim Darby, American actress
1947 – Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
1948 – Kim Darby, N Hollywood, actr (True Grit, Enola Gay, Rich Man Poor Man)
1948 – Raffi, children’s singer (Baby Beluga)
1949 – Frank Delima, American comedian
1949 – Dale Hoganson, Canadian ice hockey player
1949 – Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef
1951 – Anjelica Huston, Los Angeles California, actress (Prizzi’s Honor, Alien)
1951 – Greg T Walker, rock bassist (Blackfoot)
1951 – Pleas Ned Sublette, composer
1952 – Ulrich Wehling, German DR, cross country (Olympic-gold-1972, 76, 80)
1952 – Jack Lambert, American football player
1952 – Anna Quindlen, American columnist
1953 – Jonathan Segal, NYC, actor (Jonathan-Paper Chase)
1955 – Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress
1956 – Millard Frank Hampton, Fresno Cal, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1976)
1956 – Russell Christian, rocker (Christians-Harvest the World)
1957 – Clyde Butts, cricketer (West Indies off-spinner late eighties)
1958 – Carlos Cavazo, rocker (Quiet Riot – Metal Health)
1958 – Fred Young, Glasgow Ky, singer (Kentucky Headhunters-Davy Crockett)
1958 – Kevin Bacon, Phila Pa, actor (Diner, Footloose, She’s Having a Baby)
1958 – Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician
1958 – Pauline Quirke, British actress
1958 – Andreas Carlgren, Swedish politician
1959 – Robert Knepper, American actor
1960 – Jeff Stork, Longview Wash, volleyball setter (Olympics-G-88,B-92, 96)
1960 – Valerie Pettiford, Queens, New York, American actress (One Life to Live, Half & Half)
1961 – Andy Fletcher, rocker (Depeche Mode-Just Can’t Get Enough)
1961 – Graham Jones, rock guitarist (Haircut 100)
1961 – Toby Keith, American singer
1962 – Martin Pavlu, hockey forward (Team Italy 1998)
1962 – Rob Burnett, North Caldwell NJ, head writer (David Letterman)
1963 – Bob Ctvrtlik, Long Beach Cal, volleyball outsider (Oly-G-88,B-92, 96)
1963 – Mike Ridley, Winnipeg, NHL center (Vancouver Canucks)
1963 – Pablo Magallon, jockey
1964 – Alexei Gusarov, Moscow Russia, NHL defenseman (Colorado Avalanche)
1964 – Maryalice Demler, N Tonawanda NY, Miss NY-America (1991)
1965 – Corey Parker, NYC, actor (How I Got into College, Roger-Eddie Dodd)
1965 – Lee Tergesen, American actor
1967 – Mikhail Borodulin, hockey forward (Team Kazakhstan 1998)
1967 – Jordan Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer
1968 – C B Washington, NFLer (Jacksonville Jaguars)
1968 – Glen Featherstone, Toronto, NHL defenseman (Hartford Whalers)
1968 – Michael Weatherly, NYC, actor (Cooper Alden-The City/Loving)
1968 – Michel Langerak, soccer player (Dordrecht ’90)
1968 – Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu
1968 – Billy Crudup, American actor
1969 – Bobby Ayala, Oxnard CA, pitcher (Seattle Mariners)
1969 – Dana Hall, NFL safety (Cleveland Browns)
1969 – Ernie Young, Chicago IL, outfielder (Oakland A’s)
1969 – Lisa Arce, Manhattan Beach CA, WPVA volleyballer (National-4th-1995)
1969 – Lori Hallier, Victoria BC Canada, actress (Shannon-Santa Barbara)
1969 – Sugizo Japanese guitarist and singer
1970 – Lisa Powell, Sydney NSW Australia, field hockey forward (Olympics-96)
1970 – Marlies Askamp, WNBA forward (Phoenix Mercury)
1970 – Todd Martin, Hinsdale Ill, tennis star (1988 USTA Boys’ 18)
1970 – Beck, American singer
1971 – Jeff Kopp, NFL linebacker (Miami Dolphins)
1971 – John Achterberg, soccer player (NAC)
1971 – Wendy Benson, NYC, actress (Meredith-As the World Turns)
1972 – Brandon Rock, Las Vegas Nevada, 800m runner
1972 – Jay Bellamy, NFL safety (Seattle Seahawks)
1972 – Karl Dykhuis, Sept-iles, NHL defenseman (Phila Flyers)
1972 – Saurav Ganguly, cricketer (centuries in 1st two Tests for India 1996)
1972 – Tom Hutton, NFL punter/kicker (Philadelphia Eagles)
1972 – Shōsuke Tanihara, Japanese actor
1973 – Kathleen Robertson, actress (Beverly Hills 90210)
1974 – Demetrius Allen, NFL wide receiver (Atlanta Falcons)
1974 – Zhanna Friske, Russian actress and singer
1974 – Tami Erin, American actress and model
1975 – Elias Viljanen, Finnish Guitarist
1976 – Michael Renfurm, Surinam/Dutch soccer player (Sparta)
1976 – Staci Wilson, Livingston NJ, soccer defender (Olympics-96)
1976 – Talal El Karkouri, Moroccan footballer
1976 – David Kennedy, American guitarist (Angels & Airwaves)
1977 – Wang Zhizhi, Chinese basketball player
1977 – Milo Ventimiglia, American actor
1980 – Robbie Keane, Irish footballer
1981 – Anastasia Myskina, Russian tennis player
1982 – Hakim Warrick, American basketball player
1982 – Joshua Alba, American actor
1982 – Sophia Bush, American actress
1983 – Jaroslav Janiš, Czech racing car driver
1983 – Elizabeth Del Mar, American pornographic actress
1983 – John Bowker, American baseball player
1984 – Alexis Dziena, American actress
1985 – Jamie Cook, British musician (Arctic Monkeys)
1986 – Renata Costa, Brazilian footballer
1987 – Vlada Roslyakova, Russian model
1992 – Taylor Maine Pearl Brooks, daughter of country singer Garth Brooks
1992 – Benjamin Grosvenor, British pianist

Deaths

810 – Pepin, son of Charlemagne, King of Italy, dies (birth date unknown)
975 – Edgar, King of England (959-75), dies
1115 – Petrus van Amiens, French Crusades predictor, dies
1153 – Eugene III, [Bernardo], Italian Pope (1145-53), dies
1249 – Alexander II, King of Scots (1215-49), dies at 51
1253 – Thibaud IV, poet/count of Champagne/King of Navarra, dies
1496 – Benedetto Bonfiglio, Italian painter, dies
1531 – Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor, dies at 71
1538 – Diego de Almagro, Spanish conquistador (Chile/Peru), killed at Las Salinas at about 63
1623 – Gregory XV, [Alessandro Ludovisi], bishop of Bologna/Pope, dies at 69
1656 – Alexander van der Capellen, mister of Aartsbergen, dies at about 64
1679 – Samuel J Columbus, Swedish poet (Odae Sveticae), dies
1681 – Georg Neumark, composer, dies at 60
1689 – Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
1695 – Christiaan Huygens, Dutch scientist (b. 1629)
1716 – Robert South, English churchman (b. 1634)
1721 – Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)
1726 – John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
1784 – Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
1822 – Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 29
1826 – Luther Martin, American statesman (b. 1748)
1850 – Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
1855 – Sir William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer (b. 1790)
1859 – F J Oscar I, King of Sweden/Norway (1844-59), dies at 60
1863 – Francis P Kenrick, Irish/US archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 65
1870 – John D Zocher Jr, architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
1876 – Josef Dessauer, composer, dies at 78
1885 – Henry Waelput, Flemish composer/conductor (Blessing of Arms), dies
1894 – Vladimir Nikitich Kashperov, composer, dies
1895 – Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
1898 – Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
1905 – Walter Kittredge, American musician (b. 1834)
1909 – Gaston AA marquis de Gallifet, Fren min of War (1899-1900), dies at 79
1913 – Louis Hémon, French-born writer (b. 1880)
1917 – Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
1932 – Florenz Ziegfeld, US theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies), dies
1933 – Anthony Hope, British author (b. 1863)
1934 – Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
1939 – [Henry] Havelock Ellis, English sexologist (Man & Woman), dies at 80
1941 – Philippe Gaubert, composer, dies at 62
1941 – Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
1942 – Catherinus Elling, composer, dies at 83
1943 – Harry Oakes, Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
1943 – Jean “Max” Moulin, French resistance fighter, executed
1946 – Aleksander V Aleksandrov, Russian composer/conductor, dies at 63
1948 – Dave Nourse, cricketer (45 Tests for South Africa 1902-24), dies
1949 – Antun Sa’ada, Syrian rightwing politician, executed in Lebanon
1949 – Riccadro Pick-Mangiagalli, composer, dies at 66
1950 – Othmar Spann, Austrian economist/sociologist (Wahre State), dies at 71
1956 – Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, dutch min of Justice (Nobel 54), dies
1956 – Giovanni Papini, Italian author/poet (Un Uomo Finito), dies at 75
1957 – Grace Goodhue Coolidge, 1st lady (1923-29), dies at 78
1957 – Henry Fevrier, composer, dies at 81
1957 – William Cadbury, chocolate maker, dies at 89
1959 – Dale Buisand & Chester Ovnand, 1st Americans killed in Vietnam War
1961 – Julian Bautista, composer, dies at 60
1962 – Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (b. 1897)
1967 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani political figure (b. 1893)
1971 – Charlie Shavers, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1920)
1973 – Wilfred Rhodes, cricketer (4187 1st-class wickets, most ever), dies
1979 – Michael Wilding, actor (Waterloo, Zarakm Naked Edge), dies
1979 – Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
1979 – Robert B. Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
1981 – Loring Smith, actor (Hartmans), dies at 86
1982 – Isa Miranda, model/actress (Summertime), dies of infected bone at 77
1984 – Christine McIntyre, actress (3 Stooges), dies at 73
1985 – Gardner Cowles Jr, US publisher (Look Magazine), dies at 82
1985 – Phil Foster, comedian (Frank De Fazio-Laverne & Shirley), dies at 72
1985 – Simon Kuznets, US economist (Nobel 1971), dies at 84
1986 – Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (b. 1909)
1987 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (b. 1896)
1987 – Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
1988 – Ray Barbuti, American athlete (b. 1905)
1990 – Howard Duff, actor (Heist, Knots Landing), dies of heart attack at 72
1990 – Malcolm Hilton, English cricket slow left-arm (4 Tests), dies
1991 – James Franciscus, actor (Mr Novak), dies at of emphysema 57
1991 – Lotte Palfi Andor, actress (Lovesick, All the Jazz), dies
1994 – Christian-Jaque, French director (Babette s’and va-t-and guerre), dies
1994 – Dick Sargent, actor (Darren-Bewitched), dies of cancer at 64
1994 – Dominic Lucero, dancer/singer, dies of lymphatic cancer
1994 – Kim Il Sung, president of North-Korea (1948-94), dies at 82
1994 – Robert E Lee, dies of cancer at 75
1994 – Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (b. 1927)
1995 – Elizabeth Adams, madam, dies at 65
1996 – Amschel Rothschild, banker, dies at 41
1996 – Ernest Armstrong, miner/politician, dies at 81
1996 – James Woodie Alexander, songwriter/vocalist, dies at 80
1996 – Thomas Mitchell, architect/engineer, dies at 90
1997 – Charles Drake, geologist, dies of heart attack at 92
1999 – Pete Conrad, American astronaut (b. 1930)
2001 – John O’Shea, New Zealand film director (b. 1920)
2002 – Ward Kimball, American animator (b. 1914)
2004 – Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)
2004 – Jean Lefebvre, French actor (b. 1922)
2006 – June Allyson, American actress (b. 1917)
2006 – Peter Hawkins, British actor/voice actor (b. 1924)
2011 – Roberts Blossom, American actor and poet (b. 1924)
2011 – Mary Fenech Adami, First Lady of Malta (b. 1933)
2011 – Betty Ford, First Lady of the United States (b. 1918)
2012 – Ernest Borgnine, American actor, dies from renal failure at 95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1456 – A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death

1534 – European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick.

1550 – Chocolate introduced

1668 – Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge

1754 – Kings College in NYC opens (renamed Columbia College)

1777 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton

1802 – 1st comic book “The Wasp,” is published

1846 – US annexs California

1863 – 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)

1898 – US annexes Hawaii

1905 – 127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record)

1928 – Sliced bread is sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri. It is described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped”. 

1943 – 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova

1947 – Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident.

1962 – Bill Hartack becomes 8th jockey to win 3,000 horse races

1967 – Doors’ “Light My Fire” hits #1

1973 – 1st all-US women’s Wimbledon, Billie Jean King beats Chris Evert

1976 – Viking 2 goes into orbit around Mars

1980 – Az Judge Sandra Day O’Connor 1st female nominated to Supreme Court

1986 – IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 (updated) released

1997 – Tower Minn temps dip to 24°F

2005 – Coordinated terrorist bomb blasts strike London’s public transport system during the morning rush hour killing 52 and injuring 700

 

 

 

 

Births

1053 – Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)

1656 – Guru Har Krishan, 8th Guru of Sikhism (d. 1664)

1899 – George Cukor, producer/director (Adam’s Rib, Philadelphia Story)

1901 – Vittorio de Sica, Italian actor/director (Fietsendieven)

1906 – [Leroy] Satchel Paige, baseball pitcher, never look back

1907 – Robert A[nson] Heinlein, US, sci-fi author (4 Hugos, Red Planet)

1922 – Pierre Cardin, Paris France, fashion designer (Unisex)

1927 – Doc Severinson, [Carl], Arlington Oregon, bandleader/trumpeter on the Tonight Show

1931 – David Eddings, US, sci-fi author (Belgariad, Malloreon)

1933 – David McCullough, actor (Huey Long)

1940 – Richard K Armey, (Rep-R-Texas, 1985- )

1944 – Tony Jacklin, Scunthorpe England, PGA golfer (1970 US Open)

1948 – Larry Reinhardt, rocker (Iron Butterfly)

1959 – Jessica Hahn, evangelist rape victim/model (playboy)/actress

1980 – Michele Kwan, Torrance California, figure skater (Oly-94, Oly-silver-98)

 

 

 

 

 Deaths

1307 – Edward I, King of England (1272-1307), dies at 68

1647 – Thomas Hooker, clergyman, father of American democracy, dies

1694 – Dokusho, Zen teacher, Obaku line, dies

1701 – William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)

1865 – Mary Surratt, & 3 other Lincoln conspirators, hanged

1893 – Guy de Maupassant, writer, dies at 42

1901 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (b. 1827)

1930 – Arthur Conan Doyle, British writer (Sherlock Holmes), dies at 71

1967 – Vivian Leigh, actress (Scarlet-Gone with the Wind), dies at 53

1983 – George Cukor, director (My Fair Lady), dies on 84th birthday

1984 – Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (b. 1941)

2006 – Syd Barrett, original guitarist and vocalist of the band Pink Floyd (b. 1946)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1189 – Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England.

1415 – Jan Hus is burned at the stake.

1590 – English admiral Francis Drake takes Portuguese Forts at Taag

1699 – Pirate Capt William Kidd is captured in Boston

1775 – Congress issues “Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms,” listing grievances but denying intent to be independent

1777 – British Gen Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans

1848 – Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo

1885 – Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine

1892 – Striking steel workers in Homestead, Pa fire on scabs, killing 7

1894 – Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike

1908 – Robert Peary’s expedition sails from NYC for north pole

1917 – T E Lawrence captures Port of Agaba from Turkey

1919 – British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)

1928 – 1st all-talking motion picture shown in NY (Lights of NY)

1933 – 1st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-2 at Comiskey Park, Chicago

1936 – 114°F (46°C), Moorhead, Minnesota (state record)

1936 – 121°F (49°C), Steele, North Dakota (state record)

1943 – 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed

1944 – 170 die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford Conn

1947 – The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.

1970 – California passes 1st “no fault” divorce law

1986 – Bob Horner becomes 11th player to hit 4 home runs in a game

2003 – The 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar sends a METI message Cosmic Call 2 to 5 stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri, HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris that will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively.

 

 

 

 

Births

1747 – John Paul Jones, naval hero (“I have not yet begun to fight”)

1796 – Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55)

1907 – M C Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter/wife of Diego Rivera

1918 – Sebastian Cabot, London, actor (Mr French-Family Affair, Time Machine)

1921 – Nancy Davis Reagan, [Anne Francis Robbins], NYC, 1st Lady (1981-89)

1923 – Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general/pres (1989-90)

1927 – Janet Leigh, [Jeanetta Morrison], Merced CA, actress (Psycho), (d. 2004)

1927 – Pat Paulsen, Wash, comedian/pres candidate (Smothers Bros Show)

1935 – 14th Dalai Lama, Tibetan spiritual leader

1946 – George W. Bush Jr, New Haven, Connecticut, 43rd President of the United States (2001-09) and 46th Governor of Texas (1995-2000) (R-TX)

1946 – Sylvester Stallone, NYC, actor/director (Rocky, Rambo, Cobra)

1948 – Tom Curley, American media executive

1950 – Phyllis Hyman, jazz Singer

1975 – 50 Cent, American rapper

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1189 – Henry II, King of England (1154-89), dies at 56

1415 – Jan Hus, burned for heresy by the Church at Constance, Germany

1535 – Thomas More, philosopher (Utopia), executed for treason at 57

1762 – Peter III Feodorovich, tsar of Russia (1761-62), murdered at 34

1802 – Daniel Morgan, American Revolutionary general and politician (b. ~1735)

1835 – John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1755)

1962 – William Faulkner, US author (Nobel 1949), dies at 64

1971 – Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong, jazz musician (Hello Dolly), dies at 71

1975 – Otto Skorzeny, German/Austrian SS (Mussolini/Ardennen), dies

1998 – Roy Rogers, American actor (b. 1911)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Wisdom Of Ron Swanson

 

 

Ron Swanson

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1054 – Brightest supernova (Crab Nebula) 1st reported

1596 – English fleet under the earl of Essex plunder Cadiz

1643 – 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)

1687 – Isaac Newton’s PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England

1813 – War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin.

1865 – US Secret Service began operating under the Treasury Department

1891 – Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD

1919 – Red Sox Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a game for his 1st of 72 times

1935 – FDR signs National Labor Relations Act

1936 – 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)

1937 – 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)

1937 – Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.

1943 – Battle of Kursk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)

1945 – World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.

1946 – Louis Reard’s bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show

1948 – Britain’s National Health Service Act begins

1954 – B-52A bomber made its maiden flight

1967 – Congo uprising under Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme

1969 – Rolling Stones play a free concert in London’s Hyde Park

1971 – 26th amendment certified (reduces voting age to 18)

1984 – Supreme Court weakens 70-year-old “exclusionary rule”-evidence seized with defective court warrants can now be used in criminal trials

 

 

 

 

Births

1675 – Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials

1794 – Sylvester Graham, developed graham cracker

1801 – David Glasgow Farragut, Tenn, Vice Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1870

1841 – William C. Whitney, American financier (d. 1904)

1853 – Cecil John Rhodes, South Africa, politician/diamond merchant

1928 – Warren Oates, Depoy Ky, actor (East of Eden, Stoney Burke)

1944 – Robbie Robertson, [Jamie], Toronto Canada, rock guitarist (Band)

1958 – Meredith Ann Pierce, US, sci-fi author (Darkangel)

1958 – Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician

1996 – Dolly the sheep, first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell born in Scotland

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1472 – Charles of Artois, Count of Eu, French military leader (b. 1394)

1929 – Henry Lincoln Johnson, Member of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), first American to receive the Croix de guerre (b. 1897)

1948 – Carole Landis, US actress (1 Million BC, Topper Returns), dies at 29

1950 – Kenneth Shadrick, Pvt from WV becomes 1st US fatality in Korean War

1993 – Harrison E Salisbury, US journalist (NY Times), dies at 84

2002 – Ted Williams, baseball hall of famer and last player to bat over.400 in a single season (Boston Red Sox) dies at 84

2005 – James Stockdale, U.S. Navy vice admiral (b. 1923)

2007 – George Melly, British jazz & blues musician (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1187 – Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud of Châtillon

1636 – City of Providence, Rhode Island form

1776 – Declaration of Independence-US gains independence from Britain

1789 – 1st US tariff act

1796 – 1st Independence Day celebration is held

1802 – US Military Academy officially opens (West Point, NY)

1803 – The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.

1861 – Skirmish at Harper’s Ferry, WV

1863 – General Lee’s army withdraws from Gettysburg

1863 – Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces

1866 – Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US

1884 – Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris

1911 – 105°F (41°C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)

1911 – 106°F (41°C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)

1914 – 1st US motorcycle race (300 miles, Dodge City Ks)

1942 – 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WW II)

1944 – 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy

1956 – US most intense rain fall (1.23″ in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland

1969 – 140,000 attend Atlanta Pop Festival featuring Led Zep & Janis Joplin

1969 – The Ohio Fireworks Derecho kills 18 Ohioans and destroys over 100 boats on Lake Erie.

1976 – Raid on Entebbe-Israel rescues 229 Air France passengers

1980 – Nolan Ryan is 4th to strikeout 3,000

1984 – NY Yankee Phil Niekro is 9th to strikeout 3,000

1996 – Hot Mail, a free internet E-mail service begins

1997 – US space probe Pathfinder lands on Ares Vallis Mars

2005 – The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.

 

 

 

 

Births

1330 – Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (d. 1367)

1753 – Jean-Pierre-Francois Blanchard, 1st balloon flights in England, US

1804 – Nathaniel Hawthorne, Mass, author (House of 7 Gables, Scarlet Letter)

1810 – Phineas T Barnum, circus magnate

1872 – Calvin Coolidge, [Silent Cal], Plymouth Vt, (R) 30th pres (1923-29), (d. 1933)

1910 – William T “Champion Jack” Dupree, US boxer/slaughterhouse pianist

1915 – Jimmie Rogers, Detroit Mich, singer (Sugar Hill Time)

1927 – Gina Lollobrigida, Subiaco Italy, actress (Trapeze, Falcon Crest)

1927 – Neil Simon, Bronx, playwright (Odd Couple, Plaza Suite, Biloxi Blues)

1948 – René Arnoux, France, formula-1 racer (6th place-1980)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

965 – Pope Benedict V, Italian Roman Catholic Pope (b. unknown)

1546 – Hayreddin Barbarossa, Admiral of the Ottoman Navy (b. 1478)

1826 – John Adams, 2nd president (1797-1801), dies at 90

1826 – Thomas Jefferson, 3rd president (1801-09), dies at 83

1831 – James Monroe, 5th president (1817-25), dies at 73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

324 – Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.

1187 – Crusaders enter Tiberias

1608 – Samuel de Champlain founded city of Quebec

1754 – George Washington surrenders to French, Ft Necessity (7 Years’ War)

1767 – Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.

 

 

 

1775 – Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass

 

 

 

 

 

 

1778 – British forces massacre 360 men, women & children in Wyoming, Pa

 

 

 

 

 

 

1819 – 1st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors

1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry reaches Japan

1861 – Pony Express arrives in SF with overland letters from NY

1884 – Dow Jones published it’s 1st stock avg

1886 – In Germany, Karl Benz drives 1st automobile

1890 – Idaho admitted as 43rd US state

 

 

 

1898 – Joshua Slocum completes 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe

 

 

 

 

 

 

1898 – US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba

1915 – US military forces occupy Haiti, remain until 1934

1916 – 1st of 3 fatal shark attacks occurred near NJ shore (4 die)

1932 – 1st Sunday game at Fenway Park, Yanks beat Red Sox 13-2

1950 – 1st time US & North Korean forces clash in Korean War

1966 – Brave pitcher Tony Cloninger, is 1st NL to hit 2 grand slams in a game

1969 – 78,000 attend Newport Jazz Festival, Newport, RI

1970 – 200,000 attend Atlanta Pop Festival

1973 – Brothers Jim & Gaylord Perry face each other for only time, Tigers beat Indians 5-4, as Gaylord loses

 

 

 

1976 – Israel launches rescue of 103 Air France crew & passengers being held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers

 

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Supreme Court rules 5-4, FCC had a right to reprimand NY radio station WBAI for broadcasting George Carlin’s “Filthy Words”

 

 

 

1988 – US Vincennes shoots down Iran Airbus A300, in Strait of Hormuz killing 290

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1989 – Supreme Court rules states do not have to provide funds for abortions

 

 

 

 

Births

1442 – Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1500)

1731 – Samuel Huntington, (Gov-Ct), Continental Congress pres

1878 – George M Cohan, actor/singer (Phantom Pres, Give My Regards to Bdwy)

1883 – Franz Kafka, Czech, author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika)

1886 – Raymond A Spruance, US admiral/fleet commander/ambassador

 

 

 

1893 – Mississippi John Hurtbluesman , guitarist , vocalist

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – Pete Fountain, New Orleans, jazz clarinetist (Lawrence Welk 1957-59)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1935 – Harrison H “Jack” Schmitt, Santa Rita NM, astronaut (Apollo 17)

1947 – Dave Barry, American humorist and author

1962 – Tom Cruise, Syracuse, actor (Risky Business, Jerry MaGuire, Rainman)

1971 – Julian Assange, Queensland, Australia, Wikileaks founder

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1642 – Maria de’ Medici, French queen-mother, dies at about 69

1778 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French writer/composer (Pygmalion), dies

1863 – Alonzo Hersford Cushing, US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22

1863 – Lewis Addison Armistead, Confederate brigadier general Gettysburg/dies in battle at 46

1863 – Richard Brooke Garnett, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 45

1863 – Samuel Kosciuzko Zook, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 40

1863 – George Hull Ward, American general (b. 1826)

1965 – Trigger, horse (Roy Rogers), dies at 25

1969 – Brian Jones, guitarist (Rolling Stones), drowns to death at 25

1971 – Jim Morrison, rock singer (Doors), dies of heart failure at 27

 

 

 

1972 – Mississippi Fred McDowell, bluesman , guitarist dies at 68

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Ross Martin, actor (Mr Lucky, Wild Wild West), dies at 61

1989 – Jim Backus, actor (Magoo, Gilligan’s Island), dies at 76 of pneumonia

1993 – “Curly” Joe DeRita, last of Three Stooges, dies of pneumonia at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

311 – St Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope
626 – In fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. On September 4, Shimin’s father abdicates in his favour and Shimin becomes Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China.
706 – In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang has the remains of Emperor Gaozong of Tang, his wife and recently-deceased ruling empress Wu Zetian, her son Li Xian, her grandson Li Chongrun, and granddaughter Li Xianhui all interred in a new tomb complex outside Chang’an known as the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang.
963 – The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.
1140 – Hartbert becomes bishop of Utrecht
1214 – Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers), part of King John of England attempt to reclaim Normandy from France
1298 – Battle on Hasenbuhl (Gollheim) between German kings Adolf & Albrecht I
1555 – Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.
1561 – Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
1576 – Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
1578 – Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.
1582 – Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
1600 – Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
1613 – The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall.
1644 – Battle of Marston Moor: Parliamentary forces defeat royalists
1679 – Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
1681 – Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high-treason
1687 – King James II disbands English parliament
1698 – Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine
1776 – NJ gave all adults who could show a net worth of 50 pounds right to vote
1776 – Continental Congress resolves “these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States”
1777 – Vermont becomes 1st American colony to abolish slavery
1787 – De Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered
1794 – 2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
1808 – Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
1823 – Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
1843 – An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston SC thunderstorm
1847 – Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps, still exists today
1849 – Garibaldi in Rome begins hunger strike
1850 – Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
1858 – Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
1861 – Battle of Hoke’s Run, WV – small Union victory
1862 – Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
1863 – Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
1863 – R Morgan’s: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
1864 – Gen Early & Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Wash DC
1864 – Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
1865 – William Booth founds Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation)
1867 – 1st US elevated railroad begins service, NYC
1870 – Jules Joseph d’Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.
1881 – Pres Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker
1885 – Canada’s North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
1890 – Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
1894 – Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
1900 – Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1st airship LZ-1, flies
1900 – Sibelius’ “Finlandia,” premieres in Helsinki
1900 – First zeppelin flight takes place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
1901 – Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner Montana
1902 – John J McGraw becomes manager of NY Giants (stays for 30 years)
1903 – AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
1903 – Pitcher Jack Doscher, 1 son of a major leaguer debuts with Cubs
1906 – Yanks win by forfeit, for their 1st time
1916 – Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism
1916 – Russian offensive in Armenia
1917 – Riots in East St Louis Mo
1921 – 41st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: B Tilden beats B Norton (46 26 61 60 75)
1921 – Jack Dempsey KOs George S Carpentier in 4 for heavyweight boxing title 1st million dollar gate ($1.7m) boxing match (Dempsey KOs Carpentier)
1926 – US Army Air Corps created; Distinguish Flying Cross authorized
1927 – 40th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats L de Alvarez (62 64)
1927 – Earthquake hits Palestine
1928 – British parliament accept female sufferage
1932 – 52nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ellsworth Vines beats H Austin (64 62 60)
1932 – FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech
1933 – Carl Hubbell shuts-out Cards 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk
1934 – General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
1935 – Great Britain boxers beat US team in 1st intl Golden Gloves
1937 – 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (63 64 62)
1937 – Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean
1938 – 51st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (64 60)
1940 – Dutch PM Colijn publishes “Borders of 2 Worlds” (German victory)
1940 – Hitler orders invasion of England (Operation Sealion)
1940 – Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated
1940 – PM Churchill meets gen-mjr B Montgomery
1940 – Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.
1941 – DiMaggio breaks Willie Keeler’s 44 game hitting streak (45th of 56)
1941 – Earthquake hits Palestine
1941 – Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)
1941 – Noel Coward’s “Blithe Spirit,” premieres in London
1943 – Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
1943 – Indians score 12 runs in 4th inning & beat Yankees 12-0
1943 – Lt Charles Hall, becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down Nazi plane
1944 – Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
1946 – Dutch Beel government forms
1946 – Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam & Amsterdam
1947 – Military coup discovered in France
1948 – 62nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Falkenburg beats Bromwich (75 06 62 36 75)
1949 – “High Button Shoes” closes at Century Theater NYC after 727 perfs
1949 – “Red Barber’s Clubhouse” sports show premieres on CBS (later NBC) TV
1949 – 56th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: L Brough beats M duPont (10-8 16 10-8)
1950 – Indian Bob Feller, wins his 200th game, 5-3 over Detroit
1950 – Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan burns down.
1950 – Henri Queuille is elected the seventh Prime Minister of the Fourth French Republic.
1951 – Bill Veeck buys St Louis Browns from Bill & Charlie DeWitt
1951 – Bob & Ray show premieres on NBC radio
1951 – Hugo Yarnold stumps 6 at Dundee, Worcester v Scotland
1951 – Island advisor of Curacao installed
1951 – Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system
1952 – Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
1954 – 68th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: J Drobny beats K Rosewall (13-11 46 62 97)
1954 – Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes v Pakistan
1955 – “7th Heaven” closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 44 performances
1955 – “Almost Crazy” closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 16 performances
1955 – “Lawrence Welk Show” premieres on ABC
1955 – 10th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Fay Crocker
1955 – 62nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Louise Brough beats B Fleitz (75 86)
1956 – Elvis Presley records “Hound Dog” & “Don’t Be Cruel”
1956 – US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
1957 – 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback
1957 – Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes
1958 – US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1959 – “Plan 9 From Outer Space,” one of the worse films ever, premieres
1960 – “Once Upon a Mattress” closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 460 perfs
1961 – Maris hits 29th & 30th en route to 61 homers
1962 – Cubans minister of Foreign affairs RaulCastro arrives in Moscow
1962 – Fidel Castro visits Moscow
1963 – Giant Willie Mays’ HR in 16th inning gives them a 1-0 win over Braves
1963 – Juan Marichal (Giants) beats Warren Spahn (Braves), 1-0 in 16 innings
1964 – Cilla Black records Beatle’s “Its For You,” McCartney plays piano
1964 – Grand jury indicts Beckwith in murder of Medger Evers
1964 – Pres Johnson signs Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law
1965 – 79th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Roy Emerson beats Fred Stolle (62 64 64)
1966 – 1st France nuclear explosion on Mururoa atoll
1966 – 73rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie J King beats Frasier (63 36 61)
1966 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1967 – 22nd US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Catherine Lacoste
1967 – Catherine Lacoste becomes youngest (22), 1st foreigner (France) & 1st amateur to US Women’s open golf tournament
1969 – Ireland bowl out WI for 25 at Londonderry, win by 9 wkts
1969 – Leslie West & Felix Pappalardi form rock group Mountain
1970 – 1st Boeing 747 to land in Amsterdam & Brussels
1970 – NY Yankees Horace Clarke breaks up a no-hitter in the 9th for 3rd time in 28 days
1971 – 78th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Evonne Goolagong beats M Smith (64 61)
1971 – USSR performs underground nuclear test
1972 – “Fiddler on the Roof” closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 3242 perfs
1972 – 27th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Susie Maxwell Berning
1972 – Bob Seagren pole vaults world record 5.63m
1972 – India & Pakistan sign peace accord
1973 – James R Schlesinger, ends term as 9th director of CIA
1973 – Nation Black Network begins operation on radio
1974 – Fernando Mameda of Portugal sets record for 10,000 m (27:13.81)
1976 – 83rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Chris Evert beats E Goolagong (63 46 86)
1976 – Formal reunification of North & South Vietnam
1976 – Supreme Court rules death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual
1977 – 91st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats Connors (36 62 61 57 64)
1978 – Pitcher Ron Guidry sets Yankee record of 13-0 start
1979 – Susan B Anthony dollar is issued, 1st US coin to honor a woman
1980 – Grateful Dead’s Bob Weir & Mickey Hart are arrested for incitement
1980 – Julie Marie Bryan, 18, of Georgia, crowned America’s Young Woman of Yr
1982 – Larry Walters using lawn chair & 42 helium balloons, rose to 16,000′
1982 – Soyuz T-6 returns to Earth
1983 – 90th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats A Jaeger (60 63)
1985 – Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR
1985 – European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley’s Comet Flyby)
1986 – After 14 wins, Roger Clemens suffer his 1st loss of year
1986 – General strike against Pinochet regime in Chile
1986 – Supreme Court upholds affirmative action in 2 rulings
1987 – Jim Eisenreich, comeback after nervous disorder in 1984
1987 – Nilde Iotti is named as the first female President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
1988 – 95th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Navratilova (57 62 61)
1989 – 10th US Seniors Golf Open: Orville Moody
1989 – 17th du Maurier Golf Classic: Tammie Green
1990 – Imelda Marcos & Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering
1990 – Panic in tunnel of Mecca: 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death
1991 – Riot at Guns N’ Roses concert in St Louis
1991 – Donald Trump proposes to Marla Maples and gives her a 7½ karat diamond ring
1992 – Braniff Airlines goes out of business
1993 – Boat sinks at Bocaue Philippines, 325 die
1993 – F-28 crashes at Sorong Irian Barat, 41 die
1993 – Kansas Royals rename stadium Ewing Kaufman Stadium after founder
1993 – Moslem fundamentalists in Sivas Turkey, set hotel on fire, kill 36
1993 – NY Met Anthony Young loses a record 25th straight game (goes to 27)
1993 – Pope John Paul II hospitalized for Cat Scan test
1994 – 101st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: C Martinez beats Navratilova (64 36 63)
1994 – 37 dies in US Air DC-9 crash in NC
1994 – John Wayne Bobbitt & Kristina Elliot arrested for domestic battery
1994 – Richard Johnson takes 10-45 for Middlesex against Derbyshire
1994 – US Air DC-9 crash in NC, 37 killed
1995 – “Rose Tattoo” closes at Circle in the Square NYC after 80 perfs
1995 – 16th US Seniors Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf
1995 – Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
1995 – Thailand: Banharn Silpa-Archa’s party wins election
2000 – Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.
2001 – AbioCor self contained artificial heart created.
2002 – Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
2003 – Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy, insults German MP Martin Schulz by calling him a “kapo” during a session of the European Parliament.
2004 – ASEAN Regional Forum accepts Pakistan as its 24th member.¨
2008 – Ingrid Betancourt and 14 other FARC hostages are rescued by the Colombian armed forces.
2010 – Oil tanker truck explosion in South Kivu, the Democratic Republic of the Congo kills at least 230 people
2012 – GlaxoSmithKline settle the largest healthcare fraud case in history for US$3 Billion
2012 – Monsoon rain in East India kills at least 79 people and leaves 2.2 million homeless

Births

419 – Valentinian III, Roman emperor (425-55)
1029 – Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (d. 1094)
1262 – Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1312)
1363 – Mary, Queen of Sicily (d. 1401)
1489 – Thomas Cranmer, England, archbishop/reformer/martyr
1492 – Elizabeth Tudor, English princess (d. 1495)
1581 – Johann Staden, composer
1589 – Guillaume van Messaus, composer
1636 – Daniel Speer, composer
1644 – Abraham a Santa Clara, [Johann Megerle], German court vicar
1647 – Daniel Finch 2nd earl of Nottingham, English min of foreign affairs
1652 – Guillielmus “Willem” Kerricx, Flemish sculptor (Rozenkrans)
1665 – Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (d. 1726)
1667 – Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (d. 1740)
1698 – Francesco III d’Este, Duke of Modena (d. 1780)
1714 – Christoph W Ritter von Gluck, Austria composer (Il there pastore)
1724 – Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet
1737 – Francois Leonard Rouwyzer, composer
1746 – Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck, composer
1756 – Christian G Korner, German lawyer/father of Karl
1763 – Peter Ritter, composer
1793 – Antoine Prumier, composer
1810 – Robert Augustus Toombs, Secy State (Confederacy), died in 1885
1814 – Atale Therese Annette Wartel, composer
1819 – Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (d. 1900)
1820 – George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (d. 1878)
1821 – Charles Tupper, (C) 6th Canadian PM (1896)
1822 – Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails/trains)
1830 – John Bordenave Villepigue, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1834 – Hendry P G Quack, lawyer/economist/secr Dutch Bank
1836 – Henry Eugene Davies, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
1847 – Marcel Bertrand, French mine engineer (tectonic geology)
1849 – Maria Theresia of Austria-Este, queen of Bavaria (d. 1919)
1857 – Francesco Spetrino, composer
1862 – William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
1865 – Lili Braun, Prussia, feminist/socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
1867 – Herbert Prior, England, actor (Caught Short, Slave of Desire)
1876 – Wilhelm Cuno, German ship owner/republic chancellor (1922-23)
1877 – Hermann Hesse, Switzerland, novelist/poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), (d.1962)
1880 – Albert Szirmai, composer
1881 – Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
1882 – Edgar Mayne, cricketer (Australian batsman, prolific for Victoria)
1884 – Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (d. 1931)
1887 – Marcel Tabuteau, Compiègne France, oboist (Phila Orch 1915-54)
1888 – Selman Waksman, Russ/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)
1889 – Cor Hermus, Dutch actor/director/writer (A Mother)
1890 – Earl Roy Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer (d. 1980)
1892 – Jack Hylton, English orchestra leader/impresario (Crazy Passage Show)
1893 – August Maes, Flemish actor/director (Shylock-Hamlet)
1893 – Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center) (d. 1950)
1894 – Walter Brennan, Swampscott Mass, actor (Real McCoys, At Gun Point)
1896 – Lydia Mei, Estonian artist (d. 1965)
1900 – Tyrone Guthrie, English actor (d. 1971)
1901 – Arthur Rex Alston, sports commentator
1903 – Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, (C) British PM (1963-64)
1903 – Olav AFEC of Schleswig-Holstein-S-G, King Olav V of Norway (1957-91)
1904 – Carl Weinrich, composer
1904 – Gerarda “Meik” Rueter, Dutch (sculptress, if that word exists)
1905 – Jean-Rene Lacoste, France, US Open (1926)/alligator shirt designer
1906 – Alan Webb, actor (King Lear, Taming of Shrew, Challenge of Lassie)
1906 – Hans Bethe, physicist (Nobel 1967), peace worker
1906 – Robert Levine Sanders, composer
1907 – Eppo Doeve, Dutch cartoonist/painter
1907 – Leo O’Brien, cricketer (Australian batsman in 5 Tests 1932-36)
1908 – Jean Sinclair, teacher/campaigner
1908 – Thurgood Marshall, Baltimore Maryland, 1st black Supreme Court justice (1967-91), (d. 1993)
1909 – Hermann Bengtson, German historian (Greeks Ancient Times)
1910 – Earl Hawley Robinson, composer
1910 – Hans Gunther Adler, German writer
1910 – William Douglas Denny, composer
1911 – Diego Fabbri, Italian, playwright/leader (Vatican movie bureau)
1913 – Edith Heerdegen, Dresden Germany, actress (Serpent’s Egg, Monpti)
1914 – Frederick Fennell, Cleveland Ohio, conductor (Time & Winds)
1914 – Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
1915 – 8th duke of Wellington, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
1915 – Bert Decorte, Flemish poet
1916 – Barry Gray, [Bernard Yaroslaw], interviewer (started call-in radio)
1916 – Ken Curtis, [Curtis Gates], Lamar CO, actor (Ripcord, Festus-Gunsmoke)
1916 – Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII (d. 1982)
1917 – Pierre Dubois, Dutch literary
1918 – Imam Elissa, singer
1918 – Sheikh Iman, player/singer
1918 – Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
1919 – Johnny Bradford, Long Branch NJ, actor (Ransom Sherman Show)
1919 – Jean Craighead George, American writer
1920 – Eliseo Diego, latin American poet
1922 – Dan Rowan, Beggs Oklahoma, comedian (Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-in)
1922 – Genrikh Matusovich Vagner, composer
1923 – Wislawa Szymborska, Prowent, Poland, poet referred to as the ‘Mozart of Poetry’ (Nobel 1996), (d. 2012)
1924 – Rick Besoyan, composer
1925 – Marvin Rainwater, Wichita Ks, country singer (Ozark Jubilee)
1925 – Patrice E Lumumba, Zaire, revolutionary/1st premier of Congo
1925 – Yasushi Akutagawa, composer
1926 – Billy Usselton, saxophonist
1926 – Lee Allen, Pittsburg, Ks, tenor sax (Walkin’ With Mr Lee)
1926 – Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)
1927 – Brock Peters, NYC, actor/singer (Carmen Jones, To Kill a Mockingbird)
1927 – Jerome Meyer, horse trainer
1927 – Ruth Berghaus, choreographer/director
1928 – Estelita Rodriguez, Cuba, actress (Cuban Fireball, Havana Rose)
1928 – Pavel Kohout, Czech, director/author (Poor Murderer)
1929 – Imelda Marcos, politician/shoe collector/former 1st lady of Philippines
1929 – John A. Cade, American politician
1930 – Carlos Saul Menem, president of Argentina (1989- )
1931 – Robert Ito, Vancouver BC, actor (Sam-Quincy ME)
1932 – Dave Thomas, founder (Wendy’s Restaurants)
1932 – Ken McMillan, Bkln NY, actor (Malone, Concrete Beat)
1932 – Sammy Turner, Paterson NJ, vocalist (Lavender Blue)
1933 – David Benjamin Lewin, composer
1933 – Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner
1934 – Ivan Madray, WI cricket leg-spin all rounder, 2 Tests 3 runs 0-108)
1935 – Dick Dolman, economist/Dutch politician 2nd Chamber
1935 – Ed Bullins, Phila, playwright
1935 – Gilbert Kalish, Brooklyn NY, pianist/professor (SUNY Stony Brook)
1936 – Omar Suleiman, Qena, Egypt, army general and intelligence officer, (d. 2012)
1937 – Dick Berardino, baseball player
1937 – Polly Holliday, Jasper Ala, actress (Flo-Alice, Flo-Flo)
1937 – Richard Petty, auto race driver (Daytona 500-1979,81)
1939 – John H Sununu, US Secretary of State (R, 1989-91)
1939 – M[ichael] A[nthony] Foster, US, sci-fi author (Gameplayers of Zan)
1939 – Michael N Castle, (Rep-R-Delaware)
1939 – Paul Williams, rocker (Temptations-My Girl)
1939 – Valeri Vasilyevich Illarianov, Russia, cosmonaut
1939 – Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
1941 – Stéphane Venne, French Canadian songwriter
1942 – Georgi Ivanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
1942 – Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
1943 – Walter Godefroot, Belgian cyclist
1945 – James Orville Fulkerson, composer
1946 – Richard Axel, American scientist, Nobel laureate
1946 – Ron Silver, American actor
1947 – Ervin Hall, Phila, 100m hurdler (Olympic-silver-1968)
1947 – Larry David, Brooklyn NY, actor/comedian/writer (Seinfeld, Curb Your Enthusiasm)
1947 – Luci Baines Johnson Nugent Turpin, daughter of Pres LBJ
1948 – Saul Rubinek, Canadian film actor
1948 – Gene McFadden, American songwriter (d. 2006)
1949 – Roy Bittan, rocker (E Street Band)
1949 – Hanno Pöschl, Austrian actor
1950 – Johnny Colla, California, rock sax (Huey Lewis & The News-Need a New Drug)
1951 – Joey Puerta, rocker (Ambrosia)
1951 – Michele Santoro, Italian TV journalist
1952 – Johnny Coila, rocker
1952 – Linda M Godwin, Cape Girardeau Mo, PhD/astronaut (STS 37, 59, 76)
1952 – Wayne Haner, rock bassist (Axe)
1953 – Tony Armas, baseball player
1954 – Wendy Schaal, Chicago Ill, actress (It’s a Living, Julie-Fantasy Is)
1955 – Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor
1955 – Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
1956 – Jeffrey Cooper, rock guitarist (Midnight Star-No Parking)
1956 – Jerry Hall, Mesquite Tx, model/Mrs Mick Jagger (Batman, Freejack)
1956 – Leslie Reid, Vancouver BC, equestrian dressage (Olympics-96)
1957 – Mike Anger, rocker (Blow Monkeys-Wicked Ways)
1958 – Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
1959 – Eduardo Bengoechea, Argentina, tennis star
1959 – Hoogie Drexler, jockey
1959 – Wendy B Lawrence, Jacksonville Fla, astronaut (STS 67, 86, sk:91)
1960 – Julia Montgomery, Kansas City, Missouri, American actress (One Life to Live, Revenge of the Nerds)
1960 – Terry Rossio, American screenwriter
1961 – Alba Parietti, Torino Italy, actress (Galagoal, Abbronzatissima)
1961 – James McNichol, LA California, actor (Fitzpatricks, California Fever)
1961 – Pat Dufficy, Westerly RI, female catcher (Colo Silver Bullets)
1961 – Michael Lindsay, Voice actor
1962 – Brandel Eugene Chamblee, St Louis MO, PGA golfer (1994 Honda-3rd)
1963 – Mark Kermode, British film critic
1964 – Dave Parsons, rocker (Transvision Vamp, Sham 69-That’s Life)
1964 – DeAnne Hemmens, SF California, sprint kayak (Olympics-96)
1964 – Joe Magrane, baseball player
1964 – Jose Canseco, Havana Cuba, outfielder (Oak A’s, Red Sox, 1988 AL MVP)
1964 – Shannon Ritter, jockey
1964 – Ozzie Canseco, Cuban-born American baseball player
1964 – Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
1966 – Blaise Rhodes, Berwyn Heights MD, canoe (alt-Olympics-96)
1966 – Tim Spehr, Excelsior Springs MO, catcher (Montreal Expos)
1967 – Debee Ashby, Coventry England, topless model (There’s Girl in My Soup)
1968 – Mark Tewsksbury, Canada swimmer (world record backstroke)
1968 – Mike Lee, Neptune NJ, Canadian Tour golfer (1992 Tommy Armour Tour)
1969 – Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
1969 – Jenni Rivera, Long Beach, California, singer-songwriter (Jenni, 2008), (d. 2012)
1970 – Derrick Ralph Adkins, Brooklyn NY, 400m hurdler (Olympics-gold-96)
1970 – Colin Edwin, Australian musician (Porcupine Tree)
1970 – Scotty 2 Hotty, American wrestler
1970 – Monie Love, English rapper
1970 – Steve Morrow, Irish footballer
1971 – Jared Palmer, NYC, tennis star
1971 – Troy Brown, NFL wide receiver (NE Patriots)
1971 – Evelyn Lau, Canadian author
1972 – Towanna Stone, Miss USA-Tennessee (1997, 3rd)
1972 – Darren Shan, Irish children’s author
1973 – Peter Kay, British comedian
1974 – Natali Sacco, Miss Universe-Peru (1996)
1974 – Sean Casey, American baseball player
1974 – Moon So-ri, South Korean actress
1974 – Rocky Gray, American musician
1975 – Catalina Cristea, Bucharest Rom, tennis star (1995 quarter Jakarta)
1975 – Daniel Kowalski, Singapore, Aust swimmer (Olympics-bronze/silver-96)
1975 – Eric Daze, Montreal Quebec, NHL left wing (Chicago Blackhawks)
1975 – Erik Ohlsson, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)
1976 – Krisztián Lisztes, Hungarian footballer
1976 – Ivan Tomić,Croatian buissnesman
1976 – Tomáš Vokoun, Czech hockey player

1977 – Shannan McCray, Miss District of Columbia Teen USA (1996)
1978 – Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
1979 – Sam Hornish, Jr., American race car driver
1979 – Diana Gurtskaya, Georgian singer
1979 – Joe Thornton, Canadian hockey player
1980 – Nicole Manske, American beauty queen and motorsports television commentator
1981 – Angel Pagán, Puerto Rican baseball player
1981 – Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist
1981 – Aaron Voros, Canadian hockey player
1982 – Olivia Munn, American television hostess
1983 – Michelle Branch, American singer (The Wreckers)
1983 – Sammy J, Australian comedian
1984 – Vanessa Lee Chester, American actress
1984 – Thomas Kortegaard, Danish footballer
1984 – Maarten Martens, Belgian footballer
1984 – Johnny Weir, American figure skater
1985 – Rhett Bomar, American football player
1985 – Chad Henne, American football player
1985 – Ashley Tisdale, American actress and singer
1986 – Lindsay Lohan, actress (Alli Fowler-Another World)
1987 – Ruslana Korshunova, Kazakhstani model (d. 2008)

Deaths

783 – Bert(h)a/Berthrada, mother of Charles the Great, dies
862 – St. Swithun, Bishop of Winchester(b. 789)
936 – Henry I the Vogelaar, German king (919-36)/duke of Saxon 912-36, dies
1298 – Adolf van Nassau, RC-German king (1292-98), dies in battle at about 43
1504 – Stephen III (Stefan the Great), ruler of Moldavia (1457-1504), dies
1566 – Nostradamus, [Michel de Nostre-Dam], French astrologist, dies at 62
1582 – Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai (b. 1528)
1591 – Vincenzo Galilei, Italian composer (b. 1520)
1619 – Olivier de Serres, French farming pioneer (silkworms), dies
1621 – Thomas Harriot, English astronomer
1644 – William Gascoigne, introduced telescopic sights, is killed at 24
1656 – François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (b. 1611)
1663 – Thomas Selle, composer, dies at 64
1674 – Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1614)
1684 – John Rogers, president of Harvard University (b. 1630)
1700 – Lambert Doomer, painter/cartoonist, dies at about 77
1708 – Willem of Nassau, mister of Zuylenstein/lt-gen/baron Enfield, dies
1743 – Spencer Compton earl of Wilmington, English minister of Finance, dies
1746 – Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
1778 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, composer, dies at 66
1778 – Bathsheba Spooner, American murderer
1794 – Franz Xaver Thomas Pokorny, composer, dies at 65
1798 – John Fitch, American inventor, clockmaker, etc, dies
1822 – Denmark Vesey, & 5 aides hanged at Blake’s Landing, Charleston, SC
1833 – Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician (b. 1757)
1843 – Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, dies at 88
1850 – Robert “Bobbie” Peel, British PM/founder London Police, dies at 62
1857 – Carlo Pisacane, Italian patriot (b. 1818)
1861 – Peter A de Genestet, vicar/poet, dies at 31
1863 – Stephen Hinsdale Weed, US Union brig-general, dies in battle at 28
1878 – Francois-Emmanuel-Joseph Bazin, composer, dies at 61
1895 – William Rockstro, composer, dies at 72
1903 – Ed Delahanty, American Hall of Fame baseball player (b. 1867)
1911 – Felix Mottl, composer, dies at 54
1912 – Tom Richardson, English cricketer (88 wickets in 14 Tests for England), dies (b. 1870)
1914 – Joseph Chamberlain, British minister to Germany, dies at 78
1915 – Gen Porfirio [Jose de la Cruz] Diaz, president Mexico, dies
1917 – Herbert Beerbohm Tree, English actor/director (Hamlet), dies
1918 – Mohammed V Resjad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies
1920 – William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (b. 1846)
1921 – Edwin Evans, cricketer (6 Tests for Australia), dies
1926 – Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion), dies
1929 – Gladys Brockwell, actress (Oliver Twist), dies at 34
1930 – Anders Randolf, actor (Love of Sunya, Dangerous Curves), dies at 59
1932 – Manuel II, last King of Portugal (1908-10), dies at 43
1935 – Alfred Dreyfus, french colonel, dies
1936 – Harry Northrup, actor (Who’s Knocking at My Door), dies at 60
1937 – Amelia Earhart Putnam, Dutch pilot/1st female to fly Atl, dies at 40
1937 – Fred L Noonan, US navigator, disappeared over Pacific Ocean
1939 – Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor of Rotterdam (1906-22), dies
1940 – Ben[jamin] Turpin, US comic (Saps at Sea, His New Job), dies
1940 – Bertram Shapleigh, composer, dies at 69
1941 – Mohammad Baqa Jilani, cricketer (Test for India), dies at 29
1946 – Anthony Overton, publisher/cosmetics manufacturer/banker, dies at 81
1949 – Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49), dies at 67
1951 – Earnest F Sauerbruch, German nazi/surgeon, dies at 75
1952 – Henriette H Bosmans, Dutch cello player/pianist/composer, dies at 56
1955 – Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)
1961 – Ernest Hemingway, American author and Nobel laureate, dies from suicide at 61
1964 – Glenn “Fireball” Roberts, biggest NASCAR money winner, dies in crash
1965 – Theodora E “Betsy” Ranucci-Beckmann, actress (Klatergoud), dies at 88
1966 – Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (b. 1900)
1968 – Francis Brennan, US cardinal of Philadelphia, dies at 74
1969 – Michael DiBiase, wrestler (b. 1923)
1970 – Jessie Street, Australian civil rights activist, dies
1971 – Edward Ballantine, composer, dies at 84
1972 – Joseph F Smith Jr, leader US mormon chuch, dies at 95
1973 – Betty Grable, US actress (How to Marry a Millionaire), dies at 56
1973 – George Macready, US, actor (Martin Peyton-Peyton Place), dies at 73
1973 – Swede Savage, dies of injuries at Indianapolis 500
1973 – Chick Hafey, baseball player (b. 1903)
1973 – George McBride, baseball player (b. 1880)
1973 – Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (b. 1892)
1975 – James Robertson Justice, actor (DR at Large, Dr om Love), dies at 70
1976 – Frances Howard, actress (Swan, Shock Punch), dies at 73
1977 – Vladimir V Nabokov, Russian/US writer (Lolita), dies at 78
1978 – Aris Alexandrou, Greek novelist, poet and translator (b. 1922)
1981 – Robert Emmett Keane, actor (Rookie Cop, Red Dragon), dies
1982 – Poul Rovsing Olsen, composer, dies at 59
1984 – Ramiro Cortes, composer, dies at 50
1984 – Paul Dozois, Quebec politician (b. 1908)
1985 – David Purley, British Formula 1 driver (b. 1945)
1986 – Peanuts Lowrey, baseball player (b. 1917)
1987 – Karl Linnas, accused Nazi, dies of heart failure in Russia
1987 – Michael Bennet, choreographer (Chorus Line), dies of AIDS at 44
1989 – Franklin Schaffner, American film director (b. 1920)
1990 – Muntu Myeza, S Afr anti-apartheid activist, dies in auto at 39
1990 – Snooky Lanson, singer, dies at 76
1991 – Lee Remick, actress (Days of Wine & Roses), dies of cancer at 55
1992 – Borisav Pekic, Serbian writer/politician, dies
1992 – Edith Valckaert, Belgian violinist, dies at 42
1992 – Franco Cristaldi, Italian producer/Claudia Cardinale’s husband, dies
1992 – Jose Monje, [Camaron de la Isla], Spanish flamenco singer, dies
1993 – Fred Gwynne, actor (Herman-Munsters), dies of pancreatic cancer at 66
1993 – Sir Edward Dunlop, Australian war hero (b. 1907)
1994 – Andres Escobar, Colombia world cup soccer star, shot for losing to US
1994 – Marion Williams, gospel singer, dies of diabetes at 66
1994 – Maung Maung, premier of Burma (1988), dies at 69
1994 – Ralph C Rinzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys), dies at 59
1995 – Gail Gordon, actor (Our Miss Brooks, Lucy Show), dies of cancer at 89
1995 – George Seldes, journalist, dies at 104
1995 – Gervase F Ashworth Jackson-Stops, architectural adviser, dies at 48
1995 – Krissy Taylor, model (17 Mag), dies of respitory problems at 17
1996 – Hugh Davson, physiologist/writer, dies at 86
1997 – Jimmy Stewart, actor (It’s a Wonderful Life), dies at 89
1999 – Mario Puzo, American author, dies at 78
2000 – Joey Dunlop, Irish motorcycle racer (b. 1952)
2002 – Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (b. 1926)
2004 – Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese writer (b. 1919)
2004 – John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (b. 1919)
2005 – Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
2006 – Jan Murray, American comedian (b. 1916)
2007 – Beverly Sills, American operatic soprano (b. 1929)
2008 – Natasha Shneider, Russian-born musician (b. 1956)
2008 – Elizabeth Spriggs, English-Born Actress (b. 1929)
2010 – Beryl Bainbridge, Author (b. 1932)
2011 – Itamar Franco, Brazilian politician (b. 1930)
2012 – Ben Davidson, American professional footballer and actor, dies from prostate cancer at 72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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