Category: Education


Today In The Past

 

 

Events

757 – Paolo Orsini replaces his brother Pope Stephen II, as Paul I

1220 – German king Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights

1467 – The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy.

1478 – 1st Easter

1478 – Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de’Medici & kill Giuliano de’Medici

1514 – Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn

1532 – Sultan Suleiman through Hungary on away to Vienna

1564 – William Shakespeare baptized

1607 – 1st British to establish an American colony land at Cape Henry, Va

1654 – Jews are expelled from Brazil

1677 – Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck

1721 – Smallpox vaccination 1st administrated

1755 – 1st Russian university opens (Moscow)

1777 – Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from NY to Ct rallying her fathers militia

1819 – Odd Fellows Lodge forms

 

 

 

1859 – Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity 1st time this defense is successfully used

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 – Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)

1865 – Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA

1865 – Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC

1887 – Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity

1904 – Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms

1905 – Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play

1907 – Jamestown, Va Tercentenary Exposition opens

1912 – 1st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)

1913 – Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in SF

1913 – Sun Yet San calls for revolt against pres Yuan Shikai in China

1928 – Madame Tussaud’s waxwork exhibition opens in London

1931 – Lou Gehrig hits a HR but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he & Babe Ruth tie for season

1933 – Jewish students are barred from school in Germany

 

 

 

1937 – German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain

 

 

 

 

 

 

1938 – Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks

1941 – A tradition begins, 1st organ at a baseball stadium (Chicago Cubs)

1941 – Potatoes rationed in Holland

1942 – Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko Manchuria

1944 – 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down

1945 – Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France’s Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason

1945 – World War II: Battle of Bautzen – last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.

1950 – Last horse race at Havre de Grace Track in Md, is run

1950 – U of Miami ends William & Mary straight tennis match victories at 82

1952 – Patty Berg scores 64, best competitive round of golf by a woman

 

 

 

1952 – US minesweeper “Hobson” rams aircraft carrier “Wasp,” kills 176

 

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins

1956 – First container ship left Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas

1957 – Jamestown, Va 350th Anniversary Festival opens

1959 – Cuba invades Panama

1961 – French paratroopers’ revolt suppressed in Algeria

1961 – Roger Maris hits 1st of 61 homers in 1961

1962 – 1st Lockheed A-12 flies

1962 – Ranger 4 crash lands on (backside of) Moon

1962 – Red Sox Bill Monbouquette no-hits White Sox 1-0

1962 – US/UK launch Ariel; 1st international payload

1966 – Arnold “Red” Auerbach retires as Boston Celtic’s coach

1968 – Students seize administration building at Ohio State

1971 – SF lightship replaced by automatic buoy

1977 – NY’s famed disco Studio 54 opens

1980 – Iran begins scattering US hostages from US Embassy

1980 – Longest jump by a jet boat is set at 120′

1980 – Phillies’ Steve Carlton pitches his 6th 1-hitter (beats Cards)

1982 – Argentina surrenders to Britain on S Georgia near Falkland Island

1982 – Rod Stewart is mugged, gunman steals his $50,000 Porsche

1983 – Dow Jones Industrial Avg breaks 1,200 for 1st time

1984 – Pres Reagan visits China

1989 – Mike Tyson is ticketed for driving 71 MPH in 30 mile zone in Albany

1990 – NY court of appeals ends 2½ year legal battle over 1988 America’s Cup by refusing jurisdiction of case

1990 – Nolan Ryan ties Bob Feller’s record of pitching 12 1-hitters

1991 – “Dinosaurs” premieres on ABC-TV

1991 – 23 killed in Kansas & Oklahoma by tornadoes

1992 – “Growing Pains,” final episode on ABC TV

1992 – “Who’s The Boss,” final episode after 8 years on ABC TV

1992 – Ozzie Smith steals his 500th base

1993 – NBC announces Conan O’Brien to replace David Letterman

1994 – Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.

1995 – Coors Field, opens in Denver, Rockies beat Mets 11-9 in 14 innings

1996 – Sothebys ends 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-take in $34.5 million

 

 

 

2002 – Robert Steinhäuser infiltrates and kills 17 at Gutenberg-Gymnasium in Erfurt,Germany before dying of a self-inflicted gunshot.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Under international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.

2012 – 70 people are killed by rocket attacks by the Syrian Army on the city of Hama

 

 

 

Births

121 – Antonius Marcus Aurelius, [Marcus A Verus], Emperor of Rome (161-180)

570 – Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi’a sect. Other sources suggest April 20.

1319 – Jean II, the Good, king of France (1350-64)

1538 – Giovanni P Lomazzo, Italian writer/poet (Trattato)

1564 – William Shakespeare, Stratford-on-Avon England, baptism and presumed birth date, playwright and poet 

1567 – Nicolas Forme, composer

1662 – Maria Luisa of Orleans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1689)

1710 – Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)

 

 

 

1711 – David HumeEnglish empiricist/philosopher (Treatise of Human Nature)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1718 – Esek Hopkins, US, 1st commander-in-chief (US Navy)

1774 – Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (d. 1853)

1785 – John James Audubon, Haiti, bird watcher/artist

1798 – James Beckwourth, American explorer (d. 1867)

1812 – Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant

1822 – Frederick Law Olmsted, architect/writer (designed Central Park)

1826 – George Hull Ward, American general (d. 1863)

1826 – Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General (d. 1872

1827 – Charles Edward Hovey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1834 – Artemus Ward, (Charles Farrar Browne), humorist

1839 – Cyrus Hamblin, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1841 – Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian

1875 – Syngman Rhee, South Korea, pres of South Korea (1948-60) [or Mar 26]

1879 – Owen Williams Richardson, England, physicist (Nobel 1928)

 

 

 

1886 – Ma Rainey, [Gertrude Pridgett], “Mother of the Blues” American singer (d. 1939)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1888 – Anita Loos, American screenwriter, novelist (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes) and playwright (d. 1981)

1893 – Draza Mihajlovic, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal (d. 1946)

1894 – Rudolf Hess, Nazi official (d. 1987)

1897 – Eddie Eagan, American sportsman (d. 1967)

1898 – Edward PF Eagan, Denver, boxer (Oly-gold-20)/bobsledder (Oly-gold-32)

1898 – John Grierson, documentary film maker

1903 – Geoffrey Worthington, Air vice-marshall

1903 – Niven Busch, US screenwriter (Postman Always Rings Twice)

 

 

 

1912 – A. E. van VogtCanadasci-fi author (Wizard of Linn) (d. 2000)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – Bernard Malamud, US, novelist (Fixer, Natural, Pulitizer 1967)

1914 – Horace Leonard Gold, Sci-Fi writer/editor

1914 – James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls/Columbia, Maryland)

1916 – Morris L West, Australia, novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman)

1916 – Vic Perrin, American actor (d. 1989)

1917 – I[eoh] M[ing] Pei, Canton, China, architect (1961 Brunner Prize)

1917 – Sal “The Barber” Maglie, pitcher (NY Giants, 8th best won-lost pct)

1918 – Fanny Blankers-Koen, Holland, 100m/200m dash, hurdler (Olym-gold-1948)

1921 – Harry Knutton, Maj-Gen/dir-general (London City & Guilds Institute)

1922 – James Holt, medieval historian

1927 – Anne McLaren, biologist/zoologist/actress (Things to Come)

1930 – Roger Moens, Belgium, 800m runner (Olympic-silver-1960)

1932 – Michael Smith, English-born chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)

1933 – Carol Burnett, San Antonio Tx, comedian/actress (Annie, 4 Seasons)

1937 – Robert Boozer, Omaha Neb, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1960), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1938 – Duane EddyPhoenix, Azcountry singer (Peter GunnCannonball)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1942 – Bobby Rydell, Phila Pa, rock singer (Wild One, Bye Bye Birdie)

1942 – Claudine Auger, Paris France, Miss France (1958)/actress (Thunderball)

1942 – Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russia, cosmonaut

1943 – Gary Wright, singer, dream weaver (Spooky Tooth-It’s All About)

1943 – Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect

1944 – Martha Rockwell, Providence RI, skier (Mount Washington)

1945 – Giorgio Moroder, producer/singer/songwriter (150 gold discs)

1947 – Donna Elizabeth De Varona, Greenwich Ct, swimmer (Olympic-2 gold-64)

1948 – Boyd Matson, TV host/correspondent (National Geographic Explorer)

1949 – Jimmy Hall, rocker (Wet Willie)

1950 – Howard “Leon” Reeder, rock guitarist (Champaign)

1956 – Koo Stark, [Kathleen Dee-Anne], photographer/actress (Emily)

1958 – Giancarlo Esposito, actor (Bob Roberts, School Daze, King of NY)

1958 – Johnny “Earl of” Dumfries, racing driver

1959 – John Corabi, American Musician

1960 – Roger Taylor, rock drummer (Duran Duran-Hungry Like the Wolf)

1961 – Albert Lawrence, Jamaica, 4X100m relayer (Olympic-silver-1984)

1961 – Joan Chen, [Chen Chong], Shanghai China, actress (Heaven & Earth)

 

 

 

1963 – Jet LiBeijingChinese actor and martial artist (Romeo Must DieUnleashed)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Kevin James, American comedian

1970 – Melania Trump, Slovenian model

1970 – Tionne “T-Boz” Watkins, American singer (TLC)

1978 – Avant, American singer

1980 – Jordana Brewster, Panama, actress (Nikki Graves-As the World Turns)

1981 – Ms. Dynamite, English musician

1983 – José María López, Argentine racing driver

1983 – Jessica Lynch, American P.O.W.

1987 – Jessica Lee Rose, American-born New Zealand actress, famous YouTube star lonelygirl15

 

 

 

Deaths

757 – Stephen II, Pope (752-57), dies

1192 – Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (b. 1127)

1196 – Alfonso II, King of Aragon (1162-96), dies

1444 – Robert Campin, South Neth painter/porter of Doornik, dies at about 65

1476 – Simonetta Vespucci, inspiration of Botticelli (b.1453)

1478 – Giuliano de’ Medici, Medeheerser of Florence, murdered at about 24

1489 – Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (b. 1465)

1558 – Jean Francois Fernel, French physician, dies

1648 – Christoph Thomas Walliser, composer, dies at 79

1731 – Daniel Defoe, English author (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

1789 – Peter I Panin, Russian general (Pugatshov-uprising), dies at about 67

1865 – John Wilkes Booth, assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green VA at 27

1881 – Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)

1892 – Sir Provo Wallis, British Admiral and naval hero (b. 1791)

1940 – Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65

1941 – Jean Demoor, Belgian physician/physiologist/educationalist, dies at 74

1957 – Gichin Funakoshi, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo (b. 1868)

1969 – Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of aikido (b. 1883)

1970 – Gypsy Rose Lee, stripper/actress (Pruitts of S Hampton), dies at 56

1973 – Irene Ryan, actress (Granny-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 69

1981 – Robert Davi, dies at 54

 

 

 

1984 – William “Count” Basiejazz piano great 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1986 – [William] Broderick Crawford, actor (Highway Patrol), dies at 74

 

 

 

1989 – Lucille Ballcomedienne (I Love Lucy), dies of heart attack at 78

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1992 – Alberta Vaughn, actress (Wild Horse, Silver Devil), dies at 87

1996 – Stirling Silliphant, screenwriter, dies at 78

1997 – Joey Faye, comic (Fruit of the Loom grapes), dies at 86

2005 – Mason Adams, American actor (b. 1919)

2005 – Maria Schell, Swiss-Austrian actress (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1185 – Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family

1449 – Anti-pope Felix V resigns

1507 – Geographer Martin Waldseemuller 1st used name America

1541 – -26) Liege flooded after heavy down pour

1604 – Count Maurits’ army lands at Cadzand

1607 – Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish/Portuguese fleet

1614 – Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms

1626 – Battle at the Dessauer bridge: Monarch Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Earl of Mansfeld

1678 – French troops conquer Ypres

1684 – Patent granted for thimble

1719 – Daniel Defoes publishes “Robinson Crusoe”

1792 – Guillotine 1st used, executes highwayman Nicolas J Pelletier

 

 

 

1829 – Charles Fremantle arrives in the HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.

 

Charles-Howe-Fremantle-209x300

 

 

 

 

1846 – Thornton AffairOpen conflict begins over the disputed border of Texastriggering the MexicanAmerican War.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1849 – The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal’s English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.

1850 – Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices

1859 – Ground broken for Suez Canal

1861 – Battle of Lavaca, TX

1861 – American Civil War: The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C.

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of New Orleans LA – US Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Marks’ Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)

1875 – Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3″)

1886 – Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

1898 – Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April.

1904 – NY Yankee Jack Chesbro’s 1st of 41 wins this year

1915 – 78,000 ANZAC troops land at Gallipoli

1925 – Paul von Hindenburg elected president of Germany

1928 – Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for the blind

1933 – US & Canada drop Gold Standard

1938 – 1st use of seeing eye dog

1941 – Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta

1942 – Luftwaffe bombs Bath

1945 – Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany’s final transmission

1945 – Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany

1945 – Red army completely surrounds Berlin

1945 – US & Soviet forces meet at Torgau Germany on Elbe River

1947 – Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins

1950 – Chuck Cooper becomes 1st black to play in NBA

1953 – Scientists identify DNA

1954 – Bell labs announces 1st solar battery (NYC)

1954 – British raid Nairobi Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)

1956 – Elvis Presley’s “Heartbreak Hotel” goes #1

1957 – 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated

1959 – St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping

1960 – 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed (Triton)

1961 – Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin

1961 – Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit

1961 – Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad

1962 – US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on Moon

1966 – Drunk driver kills 10 children in Asse Belgium

1966 – The city of Tashkent is destroyed by a huge earthquake.

1967 – Abortion legalized in Colorado

1970 – Freda Payne releases “Band of Gold”

1971 – About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington

1972 – Hans-Werner Grosse glides 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12

1974 – Chancellor Willy Brandt sect Gunther Guillaume found to be a spy

1974 – NFL moves goal posts & adopts sudden-death playoff

1975 – 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

1975 – West German embassy blown-up in Stockholm Sweden

1976 – Cub centerfielder Rick Monday rescues US flag from 2 fans trying to set it on fire

1977 – Cin Reds tie record of 12 runs in 5th inning beating Braves 23-9

1978 – Supreme Court rules pension plans can’t require women to pay more

1979 – Peace treaty between Israel & Egypt goes into effect

1980 – Announcement of Jimmy Carter hostage rescue bungle in Iran

1981 – Mariners mgr Maury Wills is suspended for 2 games after ordering Seattle’s grounds crew to enlarge batter’s boxes by one foot

1981 – More than 100 workers are exposed to radiation during repairs of a nuclear power plant in Tsuruga, Japan.

1982 – In accordance with Camp David, Israel completes Sinai withdrawal

1983 – Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto’s orbit.

1985 – For 2nd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 goals in a Cup game

1985 – Roger Miller’s musical “Big River,” premieres in NYC

1985 – West German Parliament ruled it illegal to deny the holocaust

1986 – ETA bomb attacks Madrid killing 5

1988 – John Demjanjuk (Ivan the Terrible), sentenced to death in Jerusalem

1989 – Mike Tyson gets a speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY

 

 

 

1990 – Hubble space telescope is placed into orbit by shuttle Discovery

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a 6 year term as Nicaragua’s pres

1994 – 14″ of snow in Southern Calif

1994 – Bomb attack on taxi stand in Johannesburg, 10 killed

1994 – Fishing boat with school children capsize at Lanaka Syria, 46 killed

1994 – Mexican businessman & billionaire Angel Losada kidnap

1997 – Seattle Mariner Ken Griffey Jr hits his 250th HR

 

 

 

2005 – The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – 107 die in Amagasaki rail crash in Japan.

2007 – Boris Yeltsin’s funeral – the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.

2011 – At least 300 people killed in deadliest tornado outbreak in the Southern United States since the 1974 Super Outbreak.

 

 

 

 

Births

32 – Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor (d. 69)

1214 – Louis IX, King of France (1226-70)

1228 – Conrad IV, Andria Italy, King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily (d. 1254)

1284 – Edward II, King of England (1307-27)

1287 – Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (d. 1330)

 

 

 

1599 – Oliver CromwellPuritan lord protector of England (1653-58)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1621 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (d. 1679)

1694 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (d. 1753)

1710 – James Ferguson, astronomer

1725 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral (d. 1786)

1769 – Mark Isambard Brunel, engineer/inventor

1840 – James Dearing, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865

1868 – John Bevins Moisant, pioneer aviator, first to cross English Channel with passenger and a cat, killed in New Orleans whose present day airport was originally name for him. (D. 1910)

1869 – Karl Prohaska, composer

1874 – Guglielmo Marconi, Bologna Italy, inventor (radio, Nobel 1909)

1900 – Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)

1906 – William J Brennan Jr, NJ, 92nd Supreme Court judge (1956-90) [or 8/25]

1908 – Edward R Murrow, Pole Creek NC, newscaster (Person to Person)

1912 – Gladys L Presley, mother of Elvis

1913 – Earl Bostic, Tulsa OK, alto sax player (Flamingo, Temptation)

 

 

 

1917 – Ella Fitzgerald, Newport News VA, jazz singer (Is it live or Memorex)

 

Our Tribute To Ella

 

 

 

 

1923 – Albert King, Mississippi, blues singer/guitarist (Bad Luck Blues)

 

 Our Tribute To Albert 

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – Francis Graham-Smith, British astronomer

1929 – Yvette Williams, NZ, long jumper (Oly-gold-52)

1930 – Paul Mazursky, Brooklyn, writer/director (Moscow on the Hudson)

1931 – Felix Berezin, Russian mathematician (d. 1980)

1932 – Lia Manoliu, Romania, discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1968)

1932 – Meadowlark Lemmon, basketball star (Harlem Globetrotter) 

1933 – Jerry Leiber, songwriter (Leiber & Stoller)

1940 – Al Pacino, NYC, actor (And Justice For All, Godfather, Scorpio)

1940 – O B McClinton, [Burnett], country singer (Keep your arms around me)

1942 – Jon Kyl, (Rep-R-Arizona)

1945 – Bjorn Ulvaeus, rock vocalist/guitarist (ABBA-Waterloo, Dancing Queen)

1945 – Stu Cook, rock bassist (Creedence Clearwater Revival-Proud Mary)

1946 – Digby Fairweather, jazz trumpeter

1946 – Peter Sutherland, CEO (Allied Irish Banks)

1946 – Ronnie Gilbert, rocker (Lifeline, Harp)

1946 – Talia Shire, [Coppola], Lake Success NY, actress (Adrienne-Rocky)

1949 – Michael Brown, NYC, keyboardist (Left Bank-Don’t Walk Away Renee)

1949 – Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician

1953 – Ron Clements, American animation director

1955 – Joanne Abbott, Sarnia Ontario, yachter (Olympics-96)

1955 – John Nunn, British chess player

 

 

 

1961 – Dinesh D’SouzaAmerican author

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Andy Bell, rocker (Erasure-Oh L’Amour)

1964 – Hank Azaria, New York City, American actor (The Birdcage) and voice behind many characters in The Simpsons (Moe, Apu, Chief Wiggum, Comic Book Guy, Carl Carlson)

1965 – Eric Avery, American musician (Jane’s Addiction, Deconstruction, Polar Bear)

1967 – Angel Martino, Americus GA, 50m/100m freestyle (Oly-gold/2 br-92, 96)

1969 – Jon Olsen, US, 100m freestyle/400m/800m medley (Olymp-gold-1992, 96)

1969 – Marisa Pedulla, Bellefonte PA, half-lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1969 – Joe Buck, American sports broadcaster

1969 – Renée Zellweger, American actress

1971 – Andrew Grigg, CFL receiver (Hamilton Tiger Cats)

1971 – Brad Clontz, Stuart VA, pitcher (Atlanta Braves)

1978 – Letícia Birkheuer, Brazilian model

1981 – Felipe Massa, Brazilian Formula One driver

1981 – Anja Pärson, Swedish skier

1989 – Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, 11th Panchen Lama

 

 

 

 

Deaths

68 – Saint Mark, the first Pope of Alexandria and the founder of Christianity in Africa

974 – Ratherius of Verona/Liege, bishop/abbot, dies at about 84

1265 – Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, English crusader

1295 – Sancho IV, the Brave, scholar/king of Castile/Leon, dies

1342 – Benedict XII, [Jacques Fournier], Pope (1334-42), dies

1472 – Leon Battista degli Alberti, scupltor/musician (Dinner Pieces), dies

1482 – Margaret of Anjou, Queen (Henry VI), dies

1516 – John Yonge, English diplomat (b. 1467)

1605 – Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)

1607 – Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle

1607 – Jacob van Heemskerck, Dutch Admiral (Nova Zambia), dies in battle

1744 – Anders Celsius, Swed astronomer (Centegrade Thermometer), dies at 42

1770 – Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (b. 1700)

1792 – Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann, composer, dies at 54

1792 – Nicolas J Pelletier, French highwayman, 1st person guillotined

1808 – Alois Luigi Tomasini, composer, dies at 66

1822 – Frederick “William” Herschel, German/British astronomer, dies at 83

1840 – Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (b. 1781)

1853 – William Beaumont, physiologist, dies at 67

1862 – Charles Ferguson Smith, US Union Gen-Maj, dies of infection at 55

1873 – Walter de la Mare, Engl poet/author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43

1878 – Anna Sewell, English author (b. 1820)

1905 – Jacob Olie, Dutch photographer, dies at about 70

1915 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)

1937 – Clem Sohn, air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open

1972 – George Sanders, actor (Mr Freeze-Batman, Ivanhoe), dies at 65

1976 – Carol Reed, director (Agony & Ecstasy), dies

1988 – Clifford D[onald] Simak, sci-fi author (Hugo, Way Station), dies at 83

 

 

 

1990 – Dexter GordonJazz saxophonistdies of kidney failure at 67

 

Dexter Gordon

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1992 – Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese rock artist, dies at 26 of pulmonary edema

1994 – Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Moslem leader, shot dead at 32

1995 – Art Fleming, game show host (Jeopardy), dies at 74

1995 – Ginger Rogers, actress/dancer (Top Hat, Stage Door), dies at 83

1996 – Saul Bass, designer, dies at 74

2000 – Lucien le Cam, French mathematician (b. 1924)

 

 

 

2001 – Michele AlboretoItalian racecar driver (b. 1956)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2002 – Lisa Lopes, American rapper (TLC) (b. 1971)

2007 – Bobby “Boris” Pickett, American singer and songwriter (b. 1938)

2008 – Humphrey Lyttelton, Jazz musician and broadcaster, (b. 1921)

2009 – Beatrice Arthur, American comedian, actress, and singer, (b. 1922)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Happy Birthday Albert King

 

 

 

 

 

Wiki Bio

 

” One of the “Three Kings of the Blues Guitar” (along with B.B. King and Freddie King), Albert King stood 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) (some reports say 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m)) and weighed 250 pounds (110 kg) and was known as “The Velvet Bulldozer”. He was born Albert Nelson on a cotton plantation in Indianola, Mississippi. During his childhood he would sing at a family gospel group at a church where his father played the guitar. One of 13 children, King grew up picking cotton on plantations near Forrest City, Arkansas, where the family moved when he was eight.”

 

 

 

” He began his professional work as a musician with a group called In The Groove Boys in Osceola, Arkansas. Moving north to Gary, Indiana and later St. Louis, Missouri, he briefly played drums for Jimmy Reed‘s band and on several early Reed recordings. Influenced by blues musicians Blind Lemon Jefferson and Lonnie Johnson, the electric guitar became his signature instrument, his preference being the Gibson Flying V which he named “Lucy”. King earned his nickname “The Velvet Bulldozer” during this period as he drove one of them and also worked as a mechanic to make a living.”

 

 

 

” King moved to Gary, Indiana in the early 1950s, then to Chicago in 1953 where he cut his first single for Parrot Records, but it was only a minor regional success. He then went back to St. Louis in 1956 and formed a new band. During this period, he settled on using the Flying V as his primary guitar. He resumed recording in 1959 with his first minor hit, “I’m a Lonely Man,” written by Little Milton, who was Bobbin Records A&R man, a fellow guitar hero, and responsible for King’s signing with the label.”

 

 

 

 

albertking

 

 

 

AllMusic Bio

 

” Albert King is truly a “King of the Blues,” although he doesn’t hold that title (B.B. does). Along with B.B. and Freddie KingAlbert King is one of the major influences on blues and rock guitar players. Without him, modern guitar music would not sound as it does — his style has influenced both black and white blues players from Otis Rush and Robert Cray to Eric Clapton and Stevie Ray Vaughan. It’s important to note that while almost all modern blues guitarists seldom play for long without falling into a B.B. King guitar cliché, Albert King never does — he’s had his own style and unique tone from the beginning.”

 

 

 

” Albert King plays guitar left-handed, without re-stringing the guitar from the right-handed setup; this “upside-down” playing accounts for his difference in tone, since he pulls down on the same strings that most players push up on when bending the blues notes. King‘s massive tone and totally unique way of squeezing bends out of a guitar string has had a major impact. Many young white guitarists — especially rock & rollers — have been influenced by King‘s playing, and many players who emulate his style may never have heard of Albert King, let alone heard his music. His style is immediately distinguishable from all other blues guitarists, and he’s one of the most important blues guitarists to ever pick up the electric guitar.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Albert King left Bobbin in late 1962 and recorded one session for King Records in the spring of 1963, which were much more pop-oriented than his previous work; the singles issued from the session failed to sell. Within a year, he cut four songs for the local St. Louis independent label Coun-Tree, which was run by a jazz singer named Leo Gooden. Though these singles didn’t appear in many cities — St. Louis, Chicago, and Kansas City were the only three to register sales — they foreshadowed his coming work with Stax Records. Furthermore, they were very popular within St. Louis, so much so that Gooden resented King‘s success and pushed him off the label.”

 

 

 

” Following his stint at Coun-Tree, Albert King signed with Stax Records in 1966. Albert‘s records for Stax would bring him stardom, both within blues and rock circles. All of his ’60s Stax sides were recorded with the label’s house band, Booker T. & the MG’s, which gave his blues a sleek, soulful sound. That soul underpinning gave King crossover appeal, as evidenced by his R&B chart hits — “Laundromat Blues” (1966) and “Cross Cut Saw” (1967) both went Top 40, while “Born Under a Bad Sign” (1967) charted in the Top 50. Furthermore, King‘s style was appropriated by several rock & roll players, most notably Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton, who copied Albert‘s “Personal Manager” guitar solo on the Cream song, “Strange Brew.” Albert King‘s first album for Stax, 1967’s Born Under a Bad Sign, was a collection of his singles for the label and became one of the most popular and influential blues albums of the late ’60s. Beginning in 1968, Albert King was playing not only to blues audiences, but also to crowds of young rock & rollers. He frequently played at the Fillmore West in San Francisco and he even recorded an album, Live Wire/Blues Power, at the hall in the summer of 1968.”

 

 

 

” Early in 1969, King recorded Years Gone By, his first true studio album. Later that year, he recorded a tribute album to Elvis Presley (Blues for Elvis: Albert King Does the King’s Things) and a jam session with Steve Cropper and Pops Staples (Jammed Together), in addition to performing a concert with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra. For the next few years, Albert toured America and Europe, returning to the studio in 1971, to record the Lovejoy album. In 1972, he recorded I’ll Play the Blues for You, which featured accompaniment from the Bar-Kaysthe Memphis Horns, and the Movement. The album was rooted in the blues, but featured distinctively modern soul and funk overtones.”

 

 

 

 

 

Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame Bio

 

” In 1969, King performed live with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra, forming what was called an “87-piece blues band.” During the early Seventies, he recorded the album Lovejoy with a group of white rock singers and an Elvis Presley tribute album, Albert King Does the King’s Things. King continued to tour throughout the Seventies, and in June 1970, he joined the Doors onstage at a show in Vancouver, Canada.”

 

 

 

” King’s sound underwent a major change in the Seventies, as he teamed up with the Bar-Kays and the Memphis Horns on the albums I’ll Play the Blues for You and I Wanna Get Funky. That partnership gave his music a much funkier sound than it had on his earlier recordings, and the former album’s title track became one of his signature songs. King also worked with Allen Toussaint and some of the Meters during this period.”

 

 

 

 

 

Cascade Blues Bio

 ”  If the annals are ever logged as to who the most influential guitar greats of all time were, then there would be no question regarding the inclusion of the three “Kings” of the Blues: B.B.Freddie and Albert. There is little doubt of the impact that each of these artists brought to the future sounds of Blues, Soul and Rock ‘n’ Roll. Albert King was a master of the single-string attack and was intrigued by Blues performers that he heard while growing up outside of Memphis. In turn, he influenced a new generation of guitar players that would include the likes of Jimi HendrixEric Clapton and Stevie Ray Vaughan.”

”  On February 1, 1968, Albert King shared a bill that included John Mayall and Jimi Hendrix for opening night at a new venue in San Francisco called The Fillmore Auditorium. This popular music hall would become a second home for King, and later that same year he returned to record a live album “Live Wire / Blues Power” became one of the best-selling Live Blue! recordings ever and helped establishKing’s career further. Two other albums were released in the early 1990s that were taped during these same performances (“Wednesday Night In San Francisco: Recorded Live At The Fillmore Auditorium” and “Thursday Night In San Francisco…”  Though weaker than the original both serve as true testaments to the talents of Albert King’s guitar.”

” King continued to record with Stax, until the demise of the label in the mid-1970s. The output of this period included some strange mixtures for a Blues musician. In 1969, Albert became the first Blues performer to perform with a symphony orchestra in a concert that teamed him with the St. Louis Symphony. He recorded the album “Lovejoy “at Muscle Shoals with white Southern rockers and even released a tribute album to Elvis Presley, “Blues For Elvis: Albert King Does The King’s Things“. There was even an appearance on a comedy LP by Albert Brooks, “A Star Is Bought“. After Staxfolded, King would record for a number of labels that would include TomatoUtopia and Fantasy, until he decided to retire in the mid-1980s. Though Albert King had given up on recording, he still managed to find time to perform. He made cameo appearances on albums by up-coming Bluesmen like Chris Cain (“Cuttin’ Loose“) and Gary Moore (“Still Got The Blues“). He also made frequent stops at Blues festivals around the world, continuing to influence new generations of guitarists including Stevie Ray Vaughan and Robert Cray.”

” King played his final concert in Los Angeles on December 19, 1992. He died two days later at home in Memphis after suffering a sudden heart attack. After his funeral, a procession was led down Beale Street in a true New Orleans-style Jazz tradition, as the hearse bearing King’s body was led by the Memphis Horns playing “When The Saints Go Marching In“. King was laid to rest across the Mississippi River in the Paradise Gardens Cemetery in Edmondson, Arkansas, not far from where he spent his childhood.”   

“Albert King has been honored by The Blues Foundation with his induction into their Hall of Fame. Both “Born Under A Bad Sign” and “Live Wire / Blues Power” are also honored as Classics of Blues Recordings. But, the real honor for King is the love and everlasting respect that so many of his peers have given him. Stevie Ray Vaughan would call him “Daddy” and John Lee Hooker named him as one of his all-time favorite guitarists. Michael Bloomfield once said, “Albert can take four notes and write a volume. He can say more with fewer notes than anyone I’ve ever known.”  B.B. King stated in his autobiography “He wasn’t my brother in blood, but he sure was my brother in Blues.”  Albert King’s legend will live on.  Every time a Blues or Rock combo is on stage, in an arena or small nightclub, or just playing in their garage and grinds into “Born Under A Bad Sign” or “Crosscut Saw“, his influence will be shining true.”

 

 

 

” King died on December 21, 1992 from a heart attack in his Memphis, Tennessee home. His final concert had been in Los Angeles two days earlier. He was given a funeral procession with the Memphis Horns playing “When The Saints Go Marching In” and buried in Edmondson, Arkansas near his childhood home. B.B. King eulogized him by stating “Albert wasn’t my brother in blood, but he was my brother in blues.”

On December 11th, 2012, it was announced that King would be posthumously inducted into the 2013 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. “

 

 

 

 

 Albert Nelson King

 

    Apr. 25, 1923-Dec. 21, 1992

 

 

 

Discography

Albums

Born Under A Bad Sign

‎ ◄ (12 versions)

Stax

1967

 

Live Wire / Blues Power

‎ ◄ (11 versions)

Stax

1968

 

Albert King , Steve Cropper & Pops Staples – Jammed Together ‎ ◄ (5 versions)

Stax

1969

 

King Of The Blues Guitar

‎ ◄ (6 versions)

Atlantic

1969

 

Years Gone By

‎ ◄ (6 versions)

Stax

1969

 

King Does The King’s Thing

‎ ◄ (6 versions)

Stax

1969

 

Lovejoy

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1971

 

I’ll Play The Blues For You

‎ ◄ (9 versions)

Stax

1972

 

I Wanna Get Funky

‎ ◄ (4 versions)

StaxStax

1974

 

Albert King / Chico Hamilton / Little Milton – Montreux Festival ‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1974

 

Travelin “To California

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

King Records (3)

1976

 

Truckload Of Lovin’

‎ ◄ (8 versions)

Utopia (2)

1976

 

Albert Live

‎ ◄ (4 versions)

Utopia (2)

1977

 

The Pinch

‎ ◄ (5 versions)

StaxEMI

1977

 

King Albert

‎ ◄ (5 versions)

Tomato

1977

 

Albert

‎ ◄ (5 versions)

Tomato

1978

 

New Orleans Heat

‎ ◄ (8 versions)

Tomato

1978

 

San Francisco ’83

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Fantasy

1983

 

I’m In A Phone Booth Baby

‎ (LP)

Fantasy

1984

 

The Lost Session

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1986

 

Blues At Sunrise

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1988

 

Thursday Night In San Francisco

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax Records

1990

 

Wednesday Night In San Francisco

‎ ◄ (2 versions)

Stax

1990

 

Red House

‎ (LP, Album)

Essential

1991

 

Crosscut Saw – Albert King In San Francisco

‎ (CD, RM)

Stax

1992

 

Mean, Mean Blues

‎ (Cass, Album)

Highland Music

1993

 

Albert King With Stevie Ray Vaughan – In Session ‎ ◄ (9 versions)

Stax

1999

 

Live 69

‎ (CD, Album)

Tomato

2003

 

Talkin’ Blues

‎ (CD)

Thirsty Ear

2003

 

The Big Blues

‎ (LP, Album, RE)

Sundazed Music

2012

 

Live At The Blues Festival

‎ (LP, Album)

Links

100 GREATEST GUITARISTS

MTV Biography

Albert King: inducted in 2013 | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame …

Albert King, Mississippi Blues musician – Mississippi writers …

Albert King | Bio, Pictures, Videos | Rolling Stone

Albert King – Profile and Biography of Blues Guitarist Albert King …

Albert King Biography – Musician Biographies

Videos

Wattstax (1973)

Albert King – Live 1/7/78 Full Show

Albert King – Maintenance Shop Blues (Live 1981)

John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers 1982 Jam With Albert King , Etta James …

Stevie Ray Vaughan & Albert King in session 1983

Albert King & Stevie Ray Vaughan — In Session 2010 1983

B.B. King & Albert King – Japan Blues Carnival 1989

Albert King / Canned Heat Aussie Tour 1990

LiveLeak.com – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame – ALBERT KING

Interviews

Albert King – Interview

Albert King – Interview 2

Greg Koch On Meeting Albert King • Wildwood Guitars Story

 

 

 

Music

Albert King – King Albert Vinyl Records, CDs and LPs

iTunes – Music – Albert King – Apple

Albert King on Spotify

Amazon.com: Albert King

Albert King – Listen to Free Music on Pandora …

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mob Of Teenagers Beats Two High School Students In Philadelphia Subway Station

 

 

 

 

 

 

” A security video showing a mob of students brutally beating two high schoolers in a Philadelphia subway station on Tuesday is being investigated by the city’s transportation officers.

“ It’s an outrageous event. This is so dangerous, it’s not even funny,” Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority Police Chief Thomas J. Nestel III told Philly.com.

“ We have operating trains down there. There are passengers waiting for the train … it’s horrendous.”

  The video, which was time-stamped around 3:15 p.m., shows about a dozen teenagers either participating in a one-minute assault on two male students, or cheering it on.”

 

NY Daily News

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Real Side Effect Of A Gluten-Free Diet: Scientific Illiteracy

 

 

GLUTEN LIE

 

 

 

” Walk into any grocery store or coffee shop and you’ll find gluten-free muffins, gluten-free chips, and gluten-free bread. Gluten has replaced fat as the ingredient we love to shun.

  And yet, scientists can’t find any good evidence to support this fad. Gluten is a protein composite that gives shape to grains like wheat, rye, and barley. And it’s true that a very small fraction of people have celiac disease, a real medical condition that causes their bodies to violently reject gluten. But that’s only a small fraction of people, and it’s not enough to explain the craze. The rest of us are going gluten-free without any real scientific basis for doing so.

  It’s exactly because the gluten-free diet has surged in popularity recently, despite the science, that Alan Jay Levinovitz, a professor of philosophy and religion at James Madison University, became fascinated by it. I talked to him about his new book, The Gluten Lie, to better understand why we’ve gone against this grain to the tune of more than $10 billion this year. “

 

Read more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Census: Record 51 Million Immigrants In 8 years, Will Account For 82% Of U.S. Growth

 

 

 

” Legal and illegal immigrants will hit a record high of 51 million in just eight years and eventually account for an astounding 82 percent of all population growth in America, according to new U.S. Census figures.

  A report from the Center for Immigration Studies that analyzed the statistics said that by 2023, one in seven U.S. residents will be an immigrant, rising to one in five by 2060 when the immigrant population totals 78 million.”

 

 

 

 

 ” The report was provided to Secrets and released Wednesday evening.

  The surge in immigrant population, both legal and illegal, threatens to slam into the presidential campaign as GOP candidates move to figure out what their position is and the president tries to use executive powers to exempt some 5 million illegals from deportation.

” These numbers have important implications for workers, schools, infrastructure, congestion and the environment,” said Steven Camarota, the center’s director of research. “They also may have implications for our ability to successfully assimilate and integrate immigrants. Yet there has been almost no national debate about bringing in so many people legally each year, which is the primary factor driving these numbers.” “

 

Washington Examiner has more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

215 BC – A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene.

 

 

 

1014 – King Brian Boru of Ireland beats Danes at Battle of Clontarf

 

 

 

 

 

 

1154 – Damascus surrenders to sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo

1229 – Ferdinand III of Castile conquers Cáceres.

1343 – St. George’s Night Uprising.

1348 – 1st English order of knighthood founded (Order of Garter)

1500 – Pedro Cabral lands & annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)

1501 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral & 6 ships return to Lisbon

1597 – William Shakespeare’s The Merry Wives of Windsor is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.

1635 – Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded

1662 – Connecticut chartered as an English colony

1789 – President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, NY

1795 – William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason

1827 – William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of systems of rays.

1838 – English steamship “Great Western” crossing Atlantic docks in NYC

1861 – Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith

1864 – Battle of Cane River, LA (Red River Expedition, Monett’s Ferry)

1867 – Queen Victoria & Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel

 

 

 

1871 – Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up

 

 

 

 

 

 

1896 – Vitascope system of movie projection 1st shown at Koster & Bial’s Music Hall (NYC) 

1900 – 1st know occurrence of word “hillbillie” (NY Journal)

1915 – ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)

1918 – Battle of Zeebrugge ends

1919 – Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season

1921 – Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)

1924 – British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley

1932 – Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon

1932 – The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands burns down.

1938 – Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

1939 – Boston Red Sox Ted Williams hits his 1st HR

 

 

 

1940 – Dance hall fire kills 207 (Natchez Miss)

Natchez Fire

 

 

 

 

 

 

1941 – Greece Army surrenders to German Nazis RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt

1942 – 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins

1942 – Luftwaffe bombs Exeter

1943 – British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta

1945 – Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated

1945 – US troops in Italy cross river Po

1949 – Chinese Red army conquerors Nanjing

1950 – Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island

1952 – Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed

1953 – General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA

1954 – Hammerin’ Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers

1956 – US Supreme court ends race segregation on buses

1958 – Gil Hodges hits his 300th HR & Pee Wee Reese plays in 2,000th game

1959 – 1st heliport in Britain opens in London

1962 – 1st US satellite to reach the moon launched

1968 – 1st decimal coins issued in Britain (5 & 10 pence)

1969 – LA Laker Jerry West scores 53 points

1969 – Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing Bobby Kennedy

1971 – Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike

 

 

 

1972 – Apollo 16 astronauts explores Moon surface

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Milt workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa

1977 – Czech chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously & only loses 10

1978 – Reds Joe Morgan ends record streak of 91 cons errorless games at 2nd

1982 – Conch Republic is established.

1984 – AIDS-virus identified (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

1985 – New Coke debuts

1987 – 28 construction workers killed in an apt collapse in Bridgeport, Ct

1988 – A Greek pedals self-powered aircraft, 74 miles

1988 – Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hrs or less

1989 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar plays his last game as a Laker

1989 – Nolan Ryan blows a no hitter in 9th inning

1992 – Marion Berry (former mayor of Wash DC) let out of prison

1992 – McDonald’s opens its 1st fast-food restaurant in China

1994 – General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Norm Duke

1994 – Libertarian party nominates Howard Stern for Governor of NY

1995 – Pres Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City

1997 – Omaria massacre in Algeria: 42 villagers are killed.

2003 – Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.

 

 

 

2009 – The gamma ray burst GRB 090423 is observed for 10 seconds as the most distant object of any kind and also the oldest known object in the universe.

GRB090423

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012 – 38,000 London Marathon entrants have their home and email contacts published in a data protection breach

 

 

 

Births

1170 – Isabelle of Hainaut, queen of France (d. 1190)

1185 – King Afonso II of Portugal (d. 1223)

1464 – Johanna van Valois, Queen of France

1464 – Robert Fayrfax, composer

1484 – Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italy, scholar (On the Subtlety of Things)

1598 – Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp, naval commander

1621 – William Penn, English admiral (d. 1670)

1697 – George Baron Anson, British admiral/explorer

1728 – Samuel Wallis, explorer (Wallis Island)

1746 – Félix Vicq-d’Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)

 

 

 

1791 – James BuchananCove Gap PA, (Fed/Dem), 15th US president (1857-61)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1792 – John Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist (d. 1882)

1813 – Stephen Arnold Douglas, (Little giant), US senator (Lincoln debates)

 

 

 

1858 – Max K E Ludwig PlanckGerman physicist (Planck ConstantNobel 1918)

 

Max Planck

 

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev, Sontsovka, Ukraine, composer (Peter and the Wolf)

1895 – Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)

 

 

 

1897 – Lucius du Bignon ClayUSgeneral (WW II)/gov (West Germany)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1899 – Vladimir Nabokov, St Petersburg, Russia, novelist (Lolita, Ada)

1903 – Guy Simonds, youngest general officer in the Canadian army (d 1974)

1906 – Marcel Hillaire, Cologne Germany, actor (Adv in Paradise)

1908 – Myron Waldman, American animator (d. 2006)

1911 – Simone Simon, France, actress (All Money Can Buy, Ladies in Love)

1914 – Mitsu Suzuki, teacher of tea ceremony at SF Zen Center

1915 – Arnold Hall, CEO (Hawker Siddeley Group)

1917 – Jacob Kistemaker, nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge)

1917 – Dorian Leigh, American supermodel (d. 2008)

1918 – Gordon Hirabayshi, Seattle, Washington, American civil rights activist and WWII internment opponent (Hirabayshi v. United States), (d. 2012)

1919 – Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet double-agent

1920 – Eric Yarrow, CEO (Clydesdale Bank)

1921 – Warren Spahn, left-handed pitcher (Boston/Milwaukee Braves)

1922 – Boy [Segundo JA] Ecury, Aruba, resistance fighter

1924 – Colin Welch, columnist/critic

1928 – Shirley Temple Black, Ca, actress (Heidi)/ambassador (UN)

1932 – Halston, [R Halston Frowick], fashion designer (1972 Hall of Fame)

1932 – Jim Fixx, jogger/writer (Jim Fixx on Running)

1936 – Roy Orbison, Vernon Tx, rocker (Pretty Woman)

1939 – David Birney, Wash DC, actor (Brigette Loves Bernie, St Elsewhere)

1940 – Lee Majors, [Harvey Yeary], Mich, TV actor ($6,000,000 Man, Stunt Man)

1940 – Richard Monaco, US, sci-fi author (Grail War, Final Quest)

1942 – Sandra Dee, [Zuck], Bayonne NJ, actress (Gidget, Imitation of Life)

1943 – Herve Villechaize, France, “Da Plane! Da Plane!” (Fantasy Island)

1947 – Bernadette Devlin McAliskey, Ireland, political activist [or 1940]

1947 – Saskia, [Trudy van den Berg], singer (S & Serge, Spinning Wheel)

1948 – Richard Day, engineer/development expert

1949 – Blair Brown, Wash DC, actress (Altered States, Molly Dodd)

1949 – Joyce DeWitt, Wheeling WV, actress (Janet Wood-Three’s Company)

1952 – Narada, [Michael Walden], Mich, rocker (Don’t Want Nobody Else)

1955 – Judy Davis, Perth Australia, actress (Husbands & Wives)

1957 – Jan Hooks, Decatur Georgia, comedienne actress (SNL, Designing Women)

1960 – Steve Clark, Hillsborough England, rock guitarist (Def Leppard)

1960 – Valerie Bertinelli, Del, (1 Day at a Time, Sydney); Ms Eddie Van Halen

1961 – George Lopez, American actor and comedian

1964 – Gen, [Simon Matthews], English pop drummer (Jesus Jones-Zeroes & Ones)

1965 – Donna Weinbrecht, skier (Olympic-gold)

1967 – Brent Muscat, rocker (Faster Pussycat-Wake Me When It’s Over)

1967 – Melina Kanakaredes, Akron Ohio, actress (Eleni Andros-Guiding Light)

1968 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001)

1969 – Yelena Shushunova, Russian gymnast

1969 – Richard Wolstencroft, Australian Filmmaker

1977 – John Cena, American professional wrestler

1979 – Barry Fratelli, Scottish bassist (The Fratellis)

1979 – Jaime King, American actress

1981 – Joanna Krupa, Supermodel/actress

1981 – Chris Sharma, American rock climber/boulderer

1983 – Jennifer Heil, Canadian free style skier

1986 – Jessica Stam, Canadian supermodel

 

 

 

Deaths

34 – Christ, crucified, according to Isaac Newton

303 – Saint George, Greek officer in the Roman army, beheaded. Patron saint of many lands including England

725 – Wihtred, King of Kent

871 – Ethelred I, king of Wessex/brother of Alfred the Great, dies

990 – Ekkehart II, [Palatinus], monk to St-Gallen/poet, dies

997 – Vojtech “Adalbert” of Prague, 2nd bishop of Prague/apostle, dies at 40

1014 – Brian Boru, High King of Ireland, dies in battle at Clontarf

1016 – Æthelred II “the Unready”, king of England (979-1016), dies

1151 – Queen Adeliza of England (b. 1103)

1217 – King Inge II of Norway (b. 1185)

1407 – Olivier de Clisson, French soldier (b. 1326)

1416 – Blaise/Blasius of Parma, Ital astrologist/philosopher/algebra, dies

1605 – Boris Godunov, chief adviser to Tsar Fyodor I and Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies after a lengthy illness and a stroke at approximately 20

1616 – Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Spanish writer (Don Quixote), dies at 69

1616 – William Shakespeare, English poet and playwright (b. 1564) (Julian calendar) dies aged 52

1625 – Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, dies at 57

1774 – Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, painter, dies

1781 – James Abercrombie, British general (b. 1706)

1792 – Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer (b. 1741)

1794 – Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (executed) (b. 1721)

1839 – Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (b. 1768)

1853 – Auguste Laurent, chemist, dies

1865 – James Dearing, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 24

1895 – Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig, physiologist, dies

1895 – Carl Ludwig, German physician (b. 1815)

 

 

 

1907 – Alfred PackerAmerican Cannibal (b. 1842)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – Percy Thomson Dean, lt-commander, killed at Zeebrugge, dies

1951 – Charles G. Dawes, Vice President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)

1975 – Pete Ham, rocker (Badfinger), commits suicide by hanging himself at 27

1983 – Buster Crabbe, 400m US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932), dies at 73

1986 – Harold Arlen, [Hyman Arluck], US composer, murdered at 81

1986 – Otto Preminger, dir (Advise & Consent, Anatomy of Murder), dies at 79

1990 – Albert Salmi, (Caddyshack), kills terminally ill wife & self at 62

1991 – Johnny Thunders, American musician (b. 1952)

1995 – Howard Cosell, sportscaster (Monday Night Football), dies at 77

1995 – John Stennis, (Sen-D-MS), dies at 93

 

 

 

1995 – Lonesome Sundownblues singer/guitaristdies at 66

 

Lonesome+Sundown+lonesome

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1996 – Leonard Kuntstat, blues discographer, dies at 70

1996 – Pamela Lyndon Travers, writer (Mary Poppins), dies at 96

1996 – Jean-Victor Allard, Canadian military officer (b. 1913)

1998 – James Earl Ray, American assassin (b. 1928)

2003 – James H. Critchfield, American Central Intelligence agent (b. 1917)

2005 – John Mills, English actor (b. 1908)

2006 – Johnnie Checketts, New Zealand fighter pilot (b. 1912)

2007 – Paul Erdman, American economist and author (b. 1932)

2007 – David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (b. 1934)

2007 – Boris Yeltsin, first President of the Russian Federation (b. 1931)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

‘A Concerned 8-Year-Old Citizen’ Writes Brutal Letter To Michelle Obama

 

 

 

 

” A friend sends along an email attachment—a handwritten letter by his 8-year-old son, Peter. It’s addressed to First Lady Michelle Obama. “It all started because he saw something about school lunches [and] how ketchup is bad for you, and that Michelle Obama wants to limit the amount of ketchup” in schools, my friend explained. When the boy’s mother reminded him he attends a private school, making the ketchup rationing a nonissue, “He said something about wanting to ‘give a voice to the voiceless.’”

  But ketchup is actually the least of the boy’s concerns, as he then continues onto foreign policy, the crisis in the Middle East, and the need for boots on the ground. (“He also disipionted millons of Americans by not bombing Syria.”) In addition, Peter recommends that the president urge the United Nations to send peacekeepers to Ukraine.”

 

Weekly Standard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

296 – St Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

536 – St. Agapetus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1056 – Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye

1073 – Pope Alexander II buried/Ildebrando chosen as Pope Gregory VII

1145 – 19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1370 – Bastille begins being built in Paris

1500 – Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil & claims it for Portugal

1526 – 1st slave revolt occurs in SC

1659 – Lord protector Cromwell disbands English parliament

1676 – Battle of Etna – Neth/Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded

1677 – Battle at Catania: between French & Dutch fleet

1793 – Pres Washington attends opening of Rickett’s, 1st circus in US

1796 – Napoleon defeats Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi

1823 – R J Tyers patents roller skates

1861 – Robert E Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces

1898 – 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship

1898 – Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry

1898 – US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors

1903 – American Power Boat Association forms

1914 – Mexico ends diplomatic relations with US

 

 

 

1915 – 1st military use of poison gas (chlorineby Germanyin WW I

 

 

 

 

 

 

1915 – 2nd Battle of Ypres begins

 

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – South Ossetian Autonomous Region forms in Georgian SSR

1930 – US, Britain & Japan sign London Naval Treaty

1940 – Rear Adm Joseph Taussig testifies before US Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable (He was right)

1943 – RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea

1951 – Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC

1952 – 1st atomic explosion on network news, Nob, Nevada

1954 – Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government

1954 – NBA adopts 24-second shot clock & 6 team-foul rule

1955 – Congress orders all US coins bear motto “In God We Trust”

1962 – NY Mets tiea NL record by losing 9 straight to start season

 

 

 

1964 – World’s Fair (Flushing MeadowCorona ParkNYopens

 

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – 1st human eye transplant performed

1970 – 1st Earth Day held internationally to conserve natural resources

1970 – Flat Earth celebrated

1970 – NY Met Jerry Grote sets record of 20 put outs by a catcher

1970 – NY Met Tom Seaver strikes out last 10 Padres, for a total of 19

1976 – Barbara Walters becomes 1st female nightly network news anchor

1976 – Director Ingmar Bergman leaves Sweden due to taxation

1979 – Mick Jaggar & Keith Richards give a benefit concert in Canada

1981 – Largest US bank robbery (Tucson Ariz), more than $3.3 million stolen

1987 – Sri Lanka Air Force bomb Tamil, 100s killed

1991 – Intel releases 486SX chip

1991 – Johnny Carson announces he will retire next year from Tonight Show

1992 – Gas explodes in sewer, kills 200 in Guadalajara Mexico

1992 – Plane crash at Perris Valley Airport California, kills 16 parachutists

1993 – Candid Camera creator Allen Funt suffers a stroke at 78

 

 

 

1993 – Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Wash DC

 

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – The web browser Mosaic version 1.0 is released.

1994 – 7,000 Tutsi’s slaughtered in stadium of Kibuye Rwanda

1994 – In Denmark the largest lollipop, weighing 3,011 pounds, made

1994 – Michael Moorer beats Evander Holyfield in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1997 – Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria – 93 villagers killed.

1998 – Disney’s Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.

 

 

 

2000 – In a pre-dawn raidfederal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives’ home in Miami, Florida.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004 – Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.

2006 – Four Canadian soldiers are killed 75 kilometers north of Kandahar, Afghanistan by a roadside bomb planted by Taliban militants, the worst single day combat loss for the Canadian army since the Korean War.

 

 

 

Births

1357 – Johan I, King of Portugal (1383-1433)

1451 – Isabella I, of Castile, Queen of Spain (1479-1504), patron of Columbus

1610 – Alexander VIII, [Pietro Ottoboni], Italy, lawyer/Pope (1689-91)

1640 – Mariana Alcoforado, Portugal, nun

1692 – James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770)

1707 – Henry Fielding, England, novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)

1711 – Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)

 

 

 

1724 – Immanuel KantKonigsberg Germphilosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)

Immanuel_Kant_3

 

 

 

 

 

 

1744 – James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)

1773 – Jean V baron de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader

1775 – Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)

1799 – Jean Poiseuille, physician/physiologist (blood pressure)

1818 – Cadwallader Colden Washburn, Major General (Union volunteers)

1823 – Alfred Gibbs, Major General (Union Army), died in 1868

1827 – William Hopkins Morris, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900

1866 – Hans von Seeckt, German general (Future of the Reich)

1870 – Nikolai Lenin, [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Bolshevik/USSR revolutionist

1891 – Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)

1904 – J[ulius] Robert Oppenheimer, NY, head of Manhattan (A-bomb) Project

1907 – Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)

1908 – Eddie Albert, [Heimberger], Rock Island Il, actor (Oliver-Green Acres)

1909 – Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)

1914 – Jan de Hartog, Dutch/English writer (Holland’s Glory)

1916 – Yehudi Menuhin, NYC, violinist/conductor (Bartok’s Sonata)

 

 

 

1922 – Charles MingusArizonajazz bassist (Pithecanthropus Erectus)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1923 – Betty Page, Kingsport Tn, playmate (Jan, 1955)/model (Dark Angel)

1923 – Paula Fox, US children’s books author (Poor George)

1923 – Aaron Spelling, American television producer (Charlie’s Angels), (d. 2006)

1926 – Charlotte Rae, Milwaukee Wisc, actress (Edna-Facts of Life)

1926 – James Stirling, Scottish D-day-parachutist/architect/knight

1933 – John A Llewellyn, Cardiff Wales, astronaut

1934 – 9th viscount Portman, British large landowner/multi-millionaire

1934 – John K Barlow, English rubberplanter/financier/multi-millionaire

1935 – Paul Chambers, American jazz bassist (d. 1969)

1936 – Glen Campbell, Delight Ark, actor/singer (Time I Get to Phoenix)

1937 – Jack Nicholson, NJ, actor (One Flew Over Cuckoo’s Nest, Shining)

1943 – Mel Carter, singer (Hold Me Thrill Me Kiss Me)

1944 – Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)

1946 – John Waters, director (Hairspray)

1949 – Spencer Haywood, Silver City Ms, NBAer (Oly-gold-1968, Knicks)

1950 – Peter Frampton, Kent Engld, guitarist/vocalist (Frampton Comes Alive)

1951 – Paul Carrack, Sheffield England, rock vocalist (Squeeze/Ace-How Long)

1952 – Marilyn Chambers, American adult actress

1956 – Catherine Mary Stewart, Edmonton, actress (Passion & Paradise)

1957 – Donald Tusk, Polish Prime Minister

 

 

 

1959 – Ryan StilesSeattle Washactor (LewisDrew Carey Show)

 

Ryan Stiles

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Byron Allen, LA California, comedian (Real People, Byron Allen Show)

1961 – Jeff Hostetler, NFL QB (NY Giants, Raiders, Redskins/1990 Superbowl)

1962 – Jeff Minter, English video game programmer

1967 – Bart Bowen, Albuquerque NM, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1967 – Sherri Shepherd, American comedian and actress

1969 – Craig Logan, Scotland, rock bassist (Bros Front, Bon Jovi-New Jersey)

1972 – Anna Falchi, Tampera Finland, actress (La Dolce Vita ’90)

1975 – Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)

1978 – Esteban Tuero, Argentinian race car driver

1986 – Amber Heard, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

296 – Pope Caius

536 – St. Agapetus I, Italian Pope (535-36), dies

1253 – Elias van Cortona, Italian general (1232-39), dies at about 53

1355 – Eleonora Plantagenet, daughter of King Edward II, dies at 36

1462 – Gilbert of Lannoy, master of Villerval/Tronchiennes/Santes, dies

1521 – Juan de Padilla, Spanish nobleman/communero-rebel, beheaded

1592 – Bartolommeo Ammanati, Italian sculptor/architect, dies at 80

1672 – Georg Stiernhielm, Swed scholar/author/poet (Hercules), dies at 73

1758 – Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)

1778 – James Hargreaves, inventor (spinning jenny), dies

1806 – Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)

1833 – Richard Trevithick, inventor (steam locomotive), dies at 62

1864 – Joseph Gilbert Totten, US Union general-major, dies at 76

1865 – Francis Washburn, US Union colonel/gen major, dies of injuries

1877 – James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer (b. 1807)

1893 – Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (b. 1825)

1896 – Thomas Meik, British civil engineer (b. 1812)

1933 – Frederick Henry Royce, motorcar pioneer, dies

1946 – Harlan Fiske Stone, Chief Justice Supreme Court (1941-46), dies at 73

1946 – Lionel Atwill, actor (Capt Blood, Great Waltz), dies at 61

1978 – Will Geer, actor (Grandpa Walton-Waltons), dies at 75

1980 – Tommy Caldwell, rocker (Marshall Tucker Band), dies

1983 – Earl “Fatha” Hines, US, jazz pianist/conductor, dies

 

 

 

1984 – Ansel AdamsUS photographerdies at 82

 

 

 

 

 

 

1985 – Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (b. 1900)

1989 – Huey Newton, US, Black Panther leader, shot dead at 47

1992 – Billy Wayne White, murderer, executed in Texas at 34

1994 – Richard Nixon, 37th President (1969-75), dies of a stroke at 81

1996 – Erma Bombeck, humorist (Grass is Greener), dies at 69

1999 – Chan Canasta, magician and mindreader (b. 1920)

2002 – Linda Lovelace, American adult actress (b. 1949)

 

 

 

2004 – Pat TillmanAmerican football player and U.S. Army Ranger (killed in action) (b. 1976)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004 – Jason L. DunhamAmericanUSMC , Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)

 

 

\

 

Navy Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Philip Morrison, American physicist (b. 1915)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

753 BC – Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date).

43 BC – Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.

953 – Otto I the Great gives Utrecht fishing rights

1420 – Treaty of Saint Maartens Dike

1453 – Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople

1509 – Henry the VIII becomes King of England

1521 – Battle at Villalar: Emperor Charles I beats Communards

1526 – Battle at Panipat: Mogol Emperor Babur beats sultan Ibrahim Lodi

1572 – France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant

1649 – Maryland Toleration Act passed, allowing all freedom of worship

1689 – William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed king & queen of England

1789 – John Adams sworn in as 1st US VP (9 days before Washington)

1792 – Tiradentes, a revolutionary leading movement for Brazil’s independence, is hanged, drawn and quartered.

1794 – NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British

1828 – Noah Webster publishes 1st American dictionary

 

 

 

1836 – Battle of San Jacintoin which Texas wins independence from Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

 

1855 – 1st train crosses Miss River’s 1st bridge, Rock Is Ill-Davenport Ia

1857 – Alexander Douglas patents the bustle

1862 – Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Co

1865 – Abraham Lincoln’s funeral train leaves Washington

1878 – First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn

1878 – NY installs 1st firehouse pole

1878 – Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia

1898 – Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.

1904 – Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League)

1913 – Gideon Sundback of Sweden patents the zipper

 

 

 

1914 – US marines occupy Vera CruzMexicostay 6 months

 

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – World War I: German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, known as “The Red Baron”, is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France.

1922 – The first Aggie Muster is held as a remembrance for fellow Aggies who had died in the previous year.

1930 – Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322

1934 – Moe Berg, Senators catcher, plays AL record 117th cons errorless game

1945 – Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory

1945 – He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die

1945 – Russia army arrives at outskirts of Berlin

1945 – US 7th Army occupies Neurenberg

 

 

1948 – 1st Polaroid camera was sold in US

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)

1952 – Secretary’s Day (now Administrative Professionals’ Day) is first celebrated.

1954 – Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of USSR

1954 – USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam

1955 – Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die

1956 – Elvis Presley’s 1st hit record, “Heartbreak Hotel,” becomes #1

1959 – 1211-kg great white shark becomes largest fish ever caught on a rod

1959 – Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16′ 10″ white shark

1961 – French army revolts in Algeria

1961 – USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m

1963 – Beatles meet Rolling Stones for 1st time

1965 – New York World’s Fair reopens for 2nd & final season

1967 – Dodgers 1st rain out in Los Angeles (after 737 consecutive games)

1967 – Josef Stalin’s daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defects to US

1967 – Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier

1970 – Reds clout 7 HRs by 6 batters, Braves counter with 3 HRs, 6 for one team & 9 different batters for two teams, all tie or set records

1972 – John Young & Charles Duke explores Moon (Apollo 16)

1972 – Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 4 (Copernicus) launched

1981 – US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia

1983 – 1 pound coin introduced in United Kingdom

1984 – “Nightline” reverts back from 1 hour to ½ hour

1984 – Centers for Disease Cont says virus discovered in France causes AIDS

1984 – Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph

1986 – Bob Hering sets Formula One power boat record (165.338 mph, Ariz)

 

 

 

1986 – Geraldo Rivera opens Al Capone’s vault on TV & finds nothing

 

 

 

 

 

1987 – Tamil bomb attack in Colombo Sri Lanka, 115 killed

1989 – George W Bush & Edward W Rose become CEO of Texas Rangers

1989 – Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing’s Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom

1990 – “Cartoon All Stars to Rescue” shown on all 4 TV networks

1992 – Mobil Oil tug with 12,000 gallons of oil run aground in Arthur Kill

1995 – FBI arrested Timothy McVeigh & charge him with Oklahoma City bombing

1996 – Chicago Bulls win NBA record 72 games (72-8)

1997 – Ashes of Timothy Leary & Gene Roddenberry launched into orbit

 

 

 

2008 – The United States Air Force retires the F-117 Nighthawk.

 

 

 

Births

1488 – Ulrich von Hutten, German poet/humanist/patriot

1546 – Arcangelo Crivelli, composer

1555 – Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1619)

1619 – John A van Riebeeck, colonial director/founder (Cape Colony)

1652 – Michel Rolle, French mathematician (d. 1719)

1671 – John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)

1774 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer (balloonist)

1775 – Alexander Anderson, US, engraver/illustrator (Shakespeare)

1803 – Levin Minn Powell, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885

1809 – Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter, Secy State (Confederacy)

1816 – Charlotte Bronte, Tornton England, novelist (Jane Eyre)

1834 – William Rufus Terrill, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1838 – John Muir, US, naturalist/discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras)

1849 – Oskar Hertwig, Germany, embryologist, discovered fertilization

1851 – Charles Barrois, French geologist (d. 1939)

1864 – Max Weber, German sociologist/economist/historian (Ancient Judaism)

1870 – Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer (d. 1941)

1872 – GW Bitzer, [Johann Gottlob Wilhelm Bitzer], Roxbury MA

1882 – Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)

1889 – Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)

1896 – Henry M de Montherlant, French novelist and stage author (La Reine Morte)

1905 – Edmund G “Pat” Brown, (Gov-D-California)

1911 – Leonard Warren, NYC, baritone, Met 1939-60) died on stage

1911 – Ivan Combe, American inventor (d. 2000)

1912 – Eve Arnold, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, photojournalist (Marilyn Monroe) (d. 2012)

1913 – Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)

1913 – Norman Parkinson, England, fashion photographer, Harper’s Bazaar)

 

 

 

1915 – Anthony QuinnMexicoactorZorba the GreekLawrence of Arabia)

Actor, Anthony Quinn

 

 

 

 

1919 – Don Cornell, American singer (d. 2004)

1924 – Daniel Melnick, NYC, producer, Get Smart)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
1927 – Gerald Flood, British actor (d. 1989)

1930 – Don Tyson, founder, Tyson Foods)

1930 – Silvana Mangano, Rome Italy, actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas)

1932 – Elaine May, Phila Pa, comedienne/writer/actress, New Leaf)

1936 – Bob Cleary, US, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)

1936 – James Dobson, American evangelist

1937 – Charles Lee Herron, Ky, FBI most wanted fugitive (Jan 1 1986)

1942 – Bobby McClure, US gospel singer (Don’t Mess Up a Good Thing)

1947 – Alan Warner, rocker (Foundations)

1947 – Iggy Pop, [James Osterberg], Mich, rocker (Zombie Birdhouse)

1949 – Patti LuPone, Northport NY, actress/singer (Evita, Life Goes On)

1951 – Tony Danza, Brooklyn, (Tony Banta-Taxi, Tony Micelli-Who’s the Boss)

1958 – Andie MacDowell, [Rosali Anderson], SC, actress (Green Card) [or 2/12]

1959 – Jerry Only, American musician (The Misfits)

1959 – Michael Timmins, Canadian musician (Cowboy Junkies)

1960 – Julius Korir, Kenya, 3K steeplechaser (Olympic-gold-1984)

1962 – Sergei Viktorovich Zalyotin, Russia, major/cosmonaut

1971 – Samantha Druce, youngest woman to swim English Channel

1971 – Alexander Kravchenko, Russian professional poker player

1971 – Hasan Akbar, American convicted murderer

1975 – Danyon Joseph Loader, Dunedin NZ, 200m/400m swimmer (Olymp-2 gold-96)

1978 – Branden Steineckert, American drummer (Rancid), (The Used)

1980 – Tony Romo, American football player

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1073 – Alexander II, [Anselmo da Baggio], Pope (1061-73), dies

1109 – Anselmus, philosopher/archbishop of Canterbury, dies

1142 – Pierre Abélard, French writer (b. 1079)

1329 – Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)

1509 – Henry VII, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509), dies at 52

1551 – Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)

1552 – Peter Apianus, [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German astronomer, dies at 50

1557 – Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (b. 1495)

1574 – Cosimo de Medici, Italian duke of Toscane, dies at about 54

1699 – Jean Racine, French dramatist (b. 1639)

1701 – Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (b. 1667)

1722 – Robert Beverley, Jr., historian of Colonial Virginia (b. 1673)

1730 – Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps), dies at 79

1792 – Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary (b. 1746)

1825 – Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)

1852 – Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)

 

 

 

1910 – Mark Twain, [Samuel Clemens], author (Huckleberry Finn), dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – “Red Baron”, [Manfred von Richtofen], shot down in WW I at 25

1938 – Muhammad Iqbal, Brt E Indies lawyer/Pakistan national hero, dies at 65

1946 – John Maynard Keynes, English economist (b. 1883)

1962 – Frederick Handley Page, designer of 1st big airplane (40 seats), dies

1965 – Edward V Appleton, English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), dies at 72

1967 – Andre L Danjon, French astronomer, dies at 77

1968 – Toby Halicki, car-crash film producer 48, killed shooting stunt

1971 – Francois “Doc” Duvalier, dictator of Haiti, dies at 64

1977 – Gummo [Milton] Marx, US comic (Marx Brothers), dies at 84

1980 – Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)

1985 – Rudi Gernreich, US designer (miniskirt), dies at 62

1990 – Erté, French artist (b. 1892)

1992 – Robert Harris, murderer, executed in Calif’s gas chamber at 39

1996 – Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), dies at 52

1996 – Jimmy “The Greek” Snyder, oddsmaker/sportscaster (CBS), dies at 76

 

 

 

2003 – Nina SimoneAmerican singer and pianist (b. 1933)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2004 – Mary McGrory, American journalist (b. 1918)

2005 – Gerry Marshall, British racing driver (b. 1941)

2008 – Al Wilson, American singer (b. 1939)

2012 – Charles Colson, Nixon adviser (Watergate), dies from a brain hemorrhage at 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

295 – 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

850 – Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne

1139 – 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1505 – Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg

1551 – John Dudley becomes English Earl Marshal

1657 – Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet

1689 – The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.

1702 – Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth

1770 – Capt Cook arrives in New South Wales

1775 – British begin siege of Boston

1777 – New York adopts new constitution as an independent state

1792 – France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia

1809 – Napoleon I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

1828 – René Caillié is first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou.

1836 – Territory of Wisconsin created

 

 

 

1841 – 1st detective story (Poe’s “Murders in Rue Morgue“) published

 

 

 

 

 

 

1853 – Harriet Tubman starts Underground Railroad

1861 – Battle of Norfolk, VA

1861 – Colonel Robert E Lee resigns from Union army

1862 – The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.

1879 – 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus

1894 – 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase

1902 – Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride

1904 – Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis

1910 – Halley’s Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km

1912 – Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11

1914 – 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo

1916 – German-British sea battle off Belgian coast

1918 – Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.

1919 – Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army

1920 – 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium

1920 – Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

1934 – Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police

1945 – US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg

1945 – US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa

1951 – Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators

1961 – American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight

1962 – NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m

1962 – New Orleans Citizens Co gives free 1-way ride to blacks to move North

1962 – OAS-leader ex-general Salan arrested in Algiers

1964 – 86% of black students boycott Cleveland schools

1965 – People’s Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid

1967 – NY Met Tom Seaver’s 1st victory, beats Cubs, 6-1

1967 – US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon

1967 – US planes bomb Haiphong for 1st time during Vietnam War

1968 – Pierre Elliott Trudeau sworn-in as Canada’s PM

1968 – English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.

1970 – Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria

1971 – US Supreme Court upholds use of busing to achieve racial desegregation

1972 – Apollo 16’s Young & Duke land on Moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2

1976 – George Harrison sings lumberjack song with Monty Python

1977 – Supreme Court rules “Live Free or Die” may be covered on NH licenses

1980 – Cubans begin to arrive in US from Mariel boatlift

1981 – Final performance of TV show “Soap” airs

1983 – Pres Reagan signs a $165B bail out for Social Security

1984 – Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghanistan

1985 – Karyn Marshall of NYC lifted 303 lbs in a clean & jerk lift

 

 

 

1985 – ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987 – Sri Lanka: Tamils shoot 122 Singalezen dead

1988 – US accuses Renamo of killing 100,000 Mozambiquians

1990 – Pete Rose pleads guilty to hiding $300,000 in income

1991 – Mark Lenzi is 1st diver to score 100 pts on a dive (101.85)

1992 – All star concert in memory of Freddie Mercury held at Wembley Stadium

1993 – Uranus passes Neptune (once every 171 years)

1994 – Danny Harold Rolling, sentenced to death in Florida, for killing 5

1994 – Serbian army bombs hospital in Goradze Bosnia, 47 killed

1997 – Cubs beat NY Mets ending NL worst opening, lost 14 straight games

1997 – Mark McGwire, is 4th to HR on Detroit Tiger left field roof (others are Frank Howard, Harmon Killibrew, & Cecil Fielder)

1998 – German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.

1999 – Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School located in Jefferson County, Colorado.

2004 – In Iraq, 12 mortars are fired on Abu Ghraib Prison by insurgents, killing 22 detainees and wounding 92.

2007 – Johnson Space Center Shooting: A man with a handgun barricades himself in NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself.

2008 – Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300 becoming the first female driver in history to win an Indy car race.

2010 – Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion kills 11 and causes rig to sink, initiating a massive oil discharge in the Gulf of Mexico.

2012 – 40 people are killed and 27 injured after a tractor trailer collided with a bus in Alamo, Mexico

 

 

 

Births

702 – Jafar Sadiq, Muslim scholar (d. 765)

1442 – Edward IV, King (England, 1461-83)

1494 – John Agricola, [Schneider], German theologist/prime minister

1586 – Saint Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (d. 1617)

1592 – John Eliot, St Germans Cornwall, English MP/author

1633 – Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (d. 1654)

1646 – Charles Plumier, French botanist (d. 1704)

1723 – Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1781)

1726 – Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian earl/general/cartographer

1745 – Philippe Pinel, physician, founder of psychiatry

1808 – Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III), emperor of France (1852-71)

1809 – John Smith Preston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1881

1818 – Heinrich Göbel, German-born inventor (d. 1893)

1824 – Alfred Holt Colquitt, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894

1827 – John Gibbon, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1896

1850 – Daniel Chester, French/American sculptor (Minute Man)

1860 – Charles Gordon Curtis, US attorney/inventor (Curtis Turbine)

1882 – Holland Smith, U.S. General (d. 1967)

1884 – Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1966)

1889 – Adolph Hitler, Braunau, Austria, dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45)

1893 – Harold Lloyd, Burchard Neb, silent comic (Why Worry, Safety Last)

1893 – Edna Parker, American supercentenarian

1893 – Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1983)

1896 – Senor Wences, ventriloquist (Close the Door)

 

 

 

1908 – Lionel Hamptonorchestra leader/vibraphone improviser (Depths Below)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1910 – Robert F Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1954-65) [or May 15]

1919 – Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (d. 1943)

1920 – John Paul Stevens, Illinois, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975- )

1920 – Ronald Speirs, WWII Veteran (d. 2007)

1923 – Tito Puente, Puerto Rico, bandleader (Dance Mania)

1924 – Nina Foch, Leiden Netherlands, actress (American in Paris)

1927 – Karl Muller, Switzerland, superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987)

1928 – Gerald S. Hawkins, English astronomer (d. 2003)

1938 – Bernard Malivoire, France, cox pair (Olympic-gold-1952)

1938 – Betty Cuthbert, Australia 100m/200m/400m dash (Olympic-gold-1956, 64)

1938 – Johnny Tillotson, Jacksonville Fla, singer (Gidget, Poetry in Motion)

1941 – Joni Evans, NYC, publisher (Simon & Schuster, Random House)

1943 – Edie Sedgwick, Santa Barbara CA, actor (Ciao Manhattan)

1943 – Ian Watson, UK, sci-fi author (Book of Being, Whores of Babylon)

1945 – Jimmy Winston, London, organist (Samll Facres-Itchycoo Park)

1946 – Gordon Smiley, American racecar driver (d. 1982)

1947 – Andrew Tobias, American journalist and author

1948 – Craig Frost, keyboardist (Grand Funk Railroad-Some Kind of Wonderful)

1949 – Jessica Lange, Cloquet Minnesota, actress (King Kong, Tootsie)

1949 – Veronica Cartwright, American actress

1951 – Luther Vandross, NYC, rock vocalist (Dance with my Father), (d. 2005)

1952 – Tamara Sergeyevna Zakharova, Russian cosmonaut

1961 – Don “Hitman” Mattingly, Indiana, 1st baseman (NY Yankees/MVP 1985)

1963 – Brett Edward Garsed, Victoria Australia, heavy metal artist (Nelson)

1963 – Mauricio Gugelmin, Brazilian racing driver

1963 – Aubrey de Grey, British biomedical gerontologist

1964 – Andy Serkis, English actor

1965 – Adrian Fernández, Mexican racing driver

1966 – David Chalmers, Australian philosopher

1967 – Mike Portnoy, American drummer (Dream Theater)

1968 – LeShundra Nathan, Birmingham Ala, heptathlete

1970 – Adriano Moraes, Brazilian rodeo performer

1972 – Carmen Electra [Tara Leigh Patrick], Sharonville, Ohio, American model and actress (Scary Movie, Meet the Spartans)

1974 – Ben[jamin] Lincoln Holbrook, Hartland Wis, rower (Olympics-1996)

1976 – Lenka Nemeckova, Brno Czech, tennis star (1993 Futures-Maribor-SLO)

1977 – Lisa Ervin, figure skater (US Nationals-4th-1992)

1977 – Johnny “The Bull” Stamboli, professional wrestler

 

 

 

1983 – Miranda KerrAustralian supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – Tyson Griffin, American mixed martial artist

 

 

 

Deaths

1164 – Victor IV, [Ottaviano Montecello], Italian antipope (1159-64), dies

1176 – Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English soldier (b. 1130)

1314 – Clement V, [Bertrand Got], pope (1305-14) move papacy to Avignon, dies

1317 – Agnes van Montepulciano, Italian mystic/saint, dies

1521 – Zhengde, Emperor of China (b. 1491)

1534 – Elizabeth Barton, [St Magd van Kent], British prophet, dies

1558 – Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (b. 1485)

1632 – Nicolas Antione, converted to Judiasm, burned at the stake

1703 – Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain (b. 1632)

1765 – Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (b. 1674)

1769 – Pontiac, indian chief to Ottawa, murdered

1812 – George Clinton, 4th US VP, dies at 73 1st VP to, die in office

1821 – Franz K Achard, German physicist/chemist, dies at 67

1836 – Johan I Jozef, monarch of Liechtenstein/fieldmarshal, dies at 75

1906 – Australian wombat; oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26

1912 – Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager/writer (Dracula), dies at 64

1932 – Giuseppe Peano, mathematician, dies

1962 – Jesse G Vincent, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine, dies at 82

1974 – Agnes Moorehead, actress (Endora-Bewitched), dies at 67

1977 – Bryan Foy, director/writer, dies at 80

1982 – Archibald MacLeish, US, lawyer/writer (Conquistador), dies at 89

1984 – Mabel Mercer, English/US singer (Fly me to the moon), dies at 84

1991 – Don[ald] Siegel, US director (Coogan’s Bluff/Dirty Harry), dies at 78

1991 – Steve Marriott, English guitarist (Small Faces), dies in a fire at 44

 

 

 

1992 – Benny Hillcomedian (Benny Hill Show), dies of a heart attack at 67

benny-hill-2

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1992 – Johnny ShinesDelta blues singer/guitaristdies at 76

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – Cantinflas, [Mario Moreno], Mexican actor (Pepe), dies at 81

1996 – Christopher Robin Milne, bookseller, dies at 75

1996 – Tran Van Tra, soldier, dies at 77

1999 – Victims and shooters of the Columbine High School massacre

1999 – Rick Rude, American professional wrestler (b. 1958)

1999 – Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist and comedian (b. 1896)

2003 – Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1976)

2003 – Bernard Katz, German-born biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)

2007 – Andrew Hill, American jazz composer and pianist (b. 1931)

2011 – Tim Hetherington, British-American photojournalist (b. 1970)

2011 – Chris Hondros, American photographer (b. 1970)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

607 – Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth

1012 – Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London.

1451 – Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne

1529 – 2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism

1539 – Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt

 

 

 

1587 – Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain & sinks Spanish fleet

 

 

 

 

 

 

1619 – Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam

1770 – Capt James Cook 1st sees Australia

1775 – Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon

 

 

 

1775 – American Revolution begins – Lexington Commonshot “heard round the world

 

 

 

 

 

 

1782 – John Adams secures Dutch Republic’s recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

1861 – Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed

1861 – Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)

1874 – Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire

1892 – Charles Duryea takes 1st American-made auto out for a spin (Mass)

1897 – 1st American marathon ran, John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston)

1906 – SF Earthquake ends killing 452

1909 – Joan of Arc receives beatification

1910 – Halley’s comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)

1919 – Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall

1923 – New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers

1928 – The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.

1933 – FDR announces US will leave gold standard

1934 – 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8

1934 – Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, “Stand Up & Cheer”

1936 – First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.

1939 – Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)

1940 – “Lake Shore Ltd” derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls NY

1941 – Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia

1943 – Bicycle Day – Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.

1944 – Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra

1945 – US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid

1945 – US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa

1947 – AAU record for a 25′ rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds

1947 – French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522

1949 – Yankees dedicate a plaque for Babe Ruth

1951 – Gen Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

1955 – The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.

1960 – Baseball uniforms begin displaying player’s names on their backs

1960 – Comiskey Park’s famed “exploding” scoreboard begins operating

1962 – NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900m

1965 – 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating

1965 – At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun’s glare, this causes the grass to die

1971 – Charles Manson sentenced to life (Sharon Tate murder)

1979 – FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Bkln NY)

1982 – Guinon Bluford announced as 1st black astronaut

1982 – Rosie Ruiz, marathon race cheater, arrested for forgery

1982 – Sally Ride announced as 1st woman astronaut

1984 – Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs 1st appears in print (Nature mag)

1986 – Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1987 – Gregory Robertson does 200-mph free fall to save unconscious skydiver

1987 – Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve

 

 

 

1989 – Gun turret explodes on USS Iowakilling 47 sailors

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas & incoming government agree to truce

1990 – Marla Maples appears on ABC’s Prime-Time

1990 – Pistons & 76’ers get into a fight accruing $162,500 fines (NBA record)

1991 – Evander Holyfield beats George Foreman in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1991 – Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990

1993 – Branch Davidians in Waco Texas dies in fire after 51 day siege (accident, suicide, tear gas are disputed causes)

1993 – South Dakota governor George Mickelson and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crashed lands in Iowa.

1994 – Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10km (11:25.88)

1994 – Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election

1994 – Rodney King award $3,800,000 in compensation of police beating

1994 – Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender

 

 

 

1995 – Truck bomb at Federal Building in Oklahoma Citykills 168 & injures 500

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave.

2011 – Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba’s central committee after 45 years of holding the title.

 

 

 

Births 

1320 – Pedro I, King of Portugal (1357-67)

1603 – Michel le Tellier, French statesman (d. 1685)

1658 – Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (d. 1716)

1665 – Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (d. 1721)

1686 – Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman (d. 1750)

 

 

 

1721 – Roger Shermansigner (Decl of IndConstitution)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1768 – Adrian H Haworth, English entomologist/botanist

1787 – Deaf Smith, American frontiersman and revolutionary (d. 1837)

1801 – Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist

1821 – Mortimer Dormer Leggett, Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1896

1832 – Jose Echegaray y Eizaguirre, mathematician/dramatist (Nobel 1904)

1832 – Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, 1st lady (1881)

1858 – May Robson, [Mary J Robison], Melbourne Aust, actress (Apple Annie)

1866 – Henri WA Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell)

1868 – Max Von Schillings, German composer/conductor (Der Pfeifertag)

1874 – Ernst Rüdin, Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist (d. 1952)

 

 

 

1877 – Ole Evinrudeinventor (outboard marine engine)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1883 – Richard von Mises, Austrian-born mathematician (d. 1953)

1903 – Eliot Ness, untouchable (FBI agent-Chicago)

1905 – John S “Jimmy” Thach, US pilot/admiral (WW II)

1907 – Alan Wheatley, England, actor (Adventure of Robin Hood)

1912 – Glenn T Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951)

1920 – Frank Fontaine, Cambridge Mass, comedian (Crazy Guggenheim)

1922 – Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot (downed 352 Russian aircrafts)

1928 – Alexis Korner, Paris, musician (Blues Inc-Bootleg Him)

1931 – Alex Webster, Kearney, New Jersey, football coach (NY Giants), (d. 2012)

1932 – Andrea Mead Lawrence, Rutland Vt, alpine slalom skier (Oly-2 gold-52)

1933 – Jayne Mansfield, [Vera Jane Palmer], Bryn Mawr Pa, American actress (Fat Spy)

1933 – Dick Sargent, Carmel California, actor (Darrin-Bewitched)

1934 – Dickie Goodman, parody singer (Flying Saucer)

1935 – Dudley Moore, London England, actor (10, Arthur, Bedazzled, 6 Weeks)

1937 – Elinor Donahue, Tacoma Wash, actress (Father Knows Best, Get a Life)

1940 – Algy Cluff, CEO (Spectator, Cluff Resources)

1942 – Alan Price, England, rock keyboardist (Animals-House of the Rising Sun)

1942 – Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur

1943 – Mike Kelly, rocker (Duprees)

1944 – Mark “Flo” Volman, rocker (Flo & Eddie, Turtles-Eleanor)/DJ (WKRK)

1944 – James Heckman, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize

1945 – Nuria Ortiz, Mexico, skeet shooter (Olympic-13th-1968)

1946 – Tim Curry, Cheshire England, actor (Rocky Horror Show)

1949 – Paloma Picasso, [Gilot], Paris France, actress (Immoral Tales)

1949 – Larry Walters, American “lawn chair” pilot (d. 1993)

1953 – Sara Simeoni, Italy, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1980)

1953 – Ruby Wax, British television personality

1961 – Richard Phelps, British pentathelete

 

 

 

1962 – Al Unser JrIndy-car racer (over 10 wins)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1963 – Valerie Plame Wilson, former C.I.A. agent

1965 – Suge Knight, American record producer

1967 – Steven H Silver, American science fiction editor

1967 – Dar Williams, American musician and songwriter

1969 – Jesse James, American television personality and motorcycle builder

1975 – Temoc Suarez, Greenwood SC, soccer forward (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 – Ruud Jolie, Dutch guitarist (Within Temptation)

1978 – James Franco, American actor

1979 – Challen Sievers, Downers Grove Ill, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-96)

1979 – Kate Hudson, Los Angeles, California, American actress (Almost Famous, You, Me and Dupree)

1980 – Alexis Thorpe, American actress

1981 – Hayden Christensen, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canadian actor (Sam-Life as a House, Star Wars)

 

 

 

1987 – Maria SharapovaRussian tennis player

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

843 – Judith, French empress/2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, dies

1012 – Alphege, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 954)

1044 – Gothelo, duke of Neth-Lotharingen, dies

1390 – Robert II, King of Scots, dies

1529 – John Cuspinianus, [Spiessheimer], German physician, dies at about 55

1567 – Michael Stifel, German theologist/mathematician, dies at about 79

1578 – Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1530)

1618 – Thomas Bastard, clergyman and epigrammatist (b. 1565 or 1566)

1684 – Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist (b. 1603)

1689 – Christina, Queen of Sweden (1644-54), dies

1739 – Nicholas Saunderson, mathematician, dies

1751 – Peter Lacy, Irish-born Russian Field marshal (b. 1678)

 

 

 

1813 – Benjamin Rushphysician/abolitionist (signed Decl of Ind), dies at 67

 

 

 

 

 

 

1824 – George Gorden Noel “Lord” Byron, poet, dies at 36

1831 – Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (b. 1765)

1854 – Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)

1862 – Simon Fraser, Canadian explorer, dies

1867 – Robert Smirke, British architect, dies

1874 – Owen Jones, architect, dies

1882 – Charles Robert Darwin, naturalist (Origin of Species), dies at 73

1889 – Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies

1893 – John Addington Symonds, critic/poet, dies

1906 – Pierre Curie, French physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903), dies

1916 – Ephraim Shay, American inventor (b. 1839)

1937 – William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen), dies at 81

1943 – Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighter, beheaded

1943 – Kurt Huber, German resistance fighter, beheaded

1943 – Willy Graf, German resistance fighter, beheaded

1945 – J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed

1949 – Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater (b. 1877)

1956 – Lionel K P “Buster” Crabb, British diver (WW II), dies at 47

1956 – Leon N H Jungschlaeger, head milt intelligence Neth-Indies, dies at 52

1957 – Charles Funk, Encylopediest (Funk & Wagnalls), dies at 76

1967 – Konrad Adenauer, West Germany chancellor (1949-63), dies at 91

1986 – Alvin Childress, actor (Amos-Amos ‘n’ Andy), dies at 78

1987 – Hugh “Lumpy” Brannum, Actor (Mr Green Jeans), dies at 77

 

 

 

1987 – Maxwell D TaylorUS commander 101st airborne (WW II), dies at 85

 

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – Kwon Ki-ok, first Korean female pilot (b. 1901)

1989 – Daphne Du Maurier, English writer (Rebecca, Jamaica Inn), dies at 82

1991 – Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (b. 1905)

1992 – Robert F Clayton, drummer (Jody Grind), dies at 26 in a car crash

1992 – Robert Paul Haynes, bassist (Jody Grind), dies at 26 in a car crash

 

 

 

1993 – David Koresh, [Vernon Howell], cult leader (Davidians), suicide

 

David Koresh

 

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – George Mickelson, Gov of SD, & 7 others, die in a plane crash

1994 – Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member, dies at 81

1994 – Larry Davis, blues Singer/Guitarist, dies at 57

1995 – J Peter Grace Jr, CEO (W R Grace), dies from cancer at 81

1997 – El Duce, American singer and drummer (The Mentors) (b. 1958)

1998 – Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)

1999 – David Sanes, US Navy employee

2004 – Norris McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (b. 1925)

2004 – John Maynard Smith, English biologist (b. 1920)

2005 – Ruth Hussey, American actress (b. 1911)

2006 – Scott Crossfield, American pilot, first man to fly at Mach 2 (b. 1921)

2007 – Jean-Pierre Cassel, French actor (b. 1932)

2007 – Helen Walton, wife of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton (b. 1919)

2008 – Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (b. 1907)

2009 – J.G. Ballard, British novelist. (b. 1930)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

310 – St Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope

387 – Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus

1025 – Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.

1506 – The cornerstone of the current St. Peter’s Basilica is laid.

1518 – Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.

1521 – Parliament of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Maarten Luther

1663 – Osman declares war on Austria

1676 – Sudbury, Mass attacked by Indians

 

 

 

1775 – Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the “British are coming!

 

 

 

 

 

1783 – Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began.

1809 – 1st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England

1838 – Wilkes’ expedition to South Pole sails

 

 

 

1848 – American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Battle of Harpers FerryVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Col Robert E Lee turns down offer to command Union armies

1862 – Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean’s, LA

1864 – Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)

1865 – Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to Gen Sherman in North Carolina

1876 – Daniel O’Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min

1879 – Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins

1880 – An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.

1881 – Natural History Museum of South Kensington England opens

1881 – Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.

1902 – Denmark is 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals

1906 – 8.25 earthquake shakes SF Calif

1906 – SF earthquake & fire kills nearly 4,000 & destroys 75% of city

1912 – The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.

1915 – French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.

1923 – 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium

1924 – 1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon & Schuster)

1925 – World’s fair opens in Chicago

1927 – Chiang Kai-Shek forms anti-government in China

1935 – Gen Sarazen’s double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters

1936 – Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from SF to Honolulu

1938 – Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland

1942 – “Stars & Stripes” paper for US armed forces starts

 

 

 

1942 – James H Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – 1 armed outfielder, St L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4

1945 – Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)

1945 – Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops

1946 – Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals

1946 – League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)

1948 – International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands

1950 – 1st transatlantic jet passenger trip

1951 – NY Yankee Mickey Mantle goes 1-for-4 in his 1st game

1954 – Colonel Nasser seizes power & becomes PM of Egypt

1955 – 1st “Walk”/”Don’t Walk” lighted street signals installed

1958 – A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.

1963 – Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant

1964 – Sandy Koufax is 1st to strike out the side on 9 pitches

1966 – Bill Russell became 1st black coach in NBA history (Boston Celtics)

1968 – London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)

1974 – Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi

1977 – Alex Haley, author of “Roots,” awarded Pulitzer Prize

1978 – Senate votes to turn Panama Canal over to Panama on Dec 31, 1999

1980 – Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK

1982 – Zimbabwe capital Salisbury renamed Harare

1983 – A lone suicide bomber kills 63, at US Embassy in Lebanon

1984 – Joan Benoit runs world record female marathon (2:22:43)

1986 – Robert M Gates, becomes deputy director of CIA

1986 – Titan rocket explodes seconds after liftoff from Vandenberg AFB

1987 – An unconscious skydiver is rescued by another diver in mid-air

1987 – Mike Schmidt hits 500th home run (vs Robinson-Pirates)

1989 – Zimbabwe gains independence

1990 – Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines

1990 – Supreme Court rules states could make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one’s home

1991 – Census Bureau said it failed to count up to 63 million in 1990 census

1991 – John Stockton breaks his own NBA season assist record at 1,136

1994 – 23rd Boston Women’s Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:21:45

1994 – 98th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:07:15

1994 – Arsenio Hall announces he will end his show in May 1994

1994 – Former President Nixon suffered a stroke & dies 4 days later

1994 – Lebanon drops relations with Iran

1995 – Quarterback Joe Montana announces his retirement from football

1996 – In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces accidentally shell the UN compound at Quana.

2007 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.

 

 

 

Births

1480 – Lucretia Borgiamurderess (poison)/daughter (Pope Alexander VI)

 

Lucretia Borgia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1521 – Francois de Coligny, ruler of van Andelot, French general (Jarnac)

1580 – Thomas Middleton, English playwright (Game of Chess)

1590 – Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque

1605 – Giacomo Carissimi, composer

1740 – Francis Baring, banker/merchant

1838 – Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist (d. 1912)

1857 – Clarence S Darrow, defense attorney at Scopes monkey trial

1864 – Richard Harding Davis, US, journalist/author (In The Fig)

1881 – Max Weber, Polish/Russian/US painter

1882 – Leopold Stokowski, London England, conductor (Cincinnati Symphony)

1896 – C Eugene Wegmann, Swiss geologist (Le Jura plisse)

1904 – Pigmeat Markham, American comedian (d. 1981)

1905 – George H. Hitchings, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)

1911 – Francis Frederick Johnson, architect

1911 – George Huntington Hartford II, NYC, heir (A&P)

1912 – John Lapworth Holt, boat Designer

1921 – Barbara Hale, Dekalb Ill, actress (Della Street-Perry Mason)

 

 

 

1924 – Clarence “Gatemouth” BrownVinton Lablues singer (Mary is Fine)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1925 – Bob Hastings, Bkln NY, actor (McHale’s Navy, All in the Family)

1925 – Lionel Edmund “Sonny” Taylor, musician

 

 

 

1927 – Samuel P. HuntingtonAmerican political scientist

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – Clive Revill, Wellington NZ, actor (Legend of Hell House)

1938 – Andreas J “Cat” Liebenberg, supreme commander (S Afr army)

1939 – Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran

1940 – Joseph L Goldstein, Sumter SC, physician (Nobel-1985)

1941 – Mike Vickers, rock guitarist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)

1942 – Jochen Rindt, German race car driver

1946 – Alexander “Skip” Spence, Canada, guitarist/vocalist (Moby Grape-Omaha)

1946 – Hayley Mills, London England, actress (Parent Trap, Pollyanna)

1946 – Lenny Baker, rocker (Sha Na Na)

1947 – Dorothy Lyman, Minneapolis Mn, (All my Children, Naomi-Mama’s Family)

1947 – James Woods, Warwick RI, actor (Salvador, Against All Odds)

1947 – Herbert Mullin, American serial killer

1948 – “Tiny” Nate Archibald, NBA guard (Cincinnati)

1949 – Geoff Bodine, American race car driver

1950 – Kenny Ortega, American film and TV producer and choreographer

1953 – Rick Moranis, Toronto, (SCTV, Honey I Shrunk the Kids, Spaceballs)

1954 – Kim Stone, bassist (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance)

1955 – Amschel Rothschild, banker

1956 – Eric Roberts, Miss, actor (Pope of Greenwich Village, King of Gypsies)

1956 – Melody Thomas Scott, actress (Nikki-Young & Restless)

1958 – Lee Pattinson, rock bassist (Echo & Bunnymen-Heaven Up Here)

1961 – Jane Leeves, London, actress (Murphy Brown, Daphne Moon-Fraiser)

1961 – Kelly Hansen, heavy metal rocker (Hurricane-I’m on to You)

1961 – Pamella Bordes, New Dehli India, Brit parliament prostitute

1962 – Mick Sweda, heavy metal (Bulletboys, King Kobra-Ready to Strike)

1963 – Conan Chris O’Brien, Brookline Mass, TV host (Late Night)

 

 

 

1964 – Niall FergusonScotland , historian , professor

 

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Diana Villegas, rocker (Triplets)

1965 – Sylvia Villegas, rocker (Triplets)

1965 – Vicky Villegas, rocker (Triplets)

1967 – Maria Bello, American actress

1970 – Heike Friedrich, East Germany swimmer (world record 200m)

1973 – Haile Gebresleassie, Ethiopia, 10k runner (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 – Melissa Joan Hart, Sayville NY, actress (Clarissa, Sabrina)

1979 – Anthony Davidson, British Formula One driver

1979 – Kourtney Kardashian, American reality television star

1983 – Miguel Cabrera, Venezuelan baseball player

1984 – America Ferrera, American actress

1985 – Karl Reindler, Australian racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

680 – Mu’awijja, kalief of Al-Schaam, dies

1161 – Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury

1558 – Roxelana, wife of Suleiman the Magnificent

1567 – Wilhelm von Grumbach, German military man, dies at 63

1689 – George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem/infamous judge, dies

1690 – Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lotharingen/Austrian fieldmarshal, dies

1732 – Louis Feuillée, French explorer (b. 1660)

1796 – Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist (b. 1732)

1807 – Erasmus Darwin, physician writer and botanist (Influence), dies (b. 1731)

1845 – Nicholas T the Saussure, Swiss chemist/botany, dies at 77

1853 – William King, US VP, dies a month after his inauguration

1873 – Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist, dies at 69

1874 – David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey

1879 – Anthony Pannizim, principal librarian (British Museum), dies

1925 – Charles Ebbets, Pres (Dodgers), dies

1935 – Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist/archaeologist, dies at 90

1942 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (b. 1875)

1943 – I Yamamoto, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies

 

 

 

1945 – Ernest T PyleBritish/US newscasterkilled in WW II at 44

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies

1955 – Albert Einstein, Nobel laureate (b. 1879)

1958 – Richard B Goldschmidt, German zoologist (butterflies), dies

1964 – Ben Hecht, playwright (Child of the Century), dies at 71

1986 – Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder, dies at 94

1993 – Arthur P Smith, US founder of Miami Planetarium, dies at 76

1993 – Masahiko Kimura, Japanese judoka (b. 1917)

1994 – Ken Oosterbroek, South African press photographer, shot dead at 32

1996 – Piet Hein, architect/poet/mathematician/inventor, dies at 80

1996 – Robert William Paine, architect, dies at 88

2002 – Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (b. 1914)

2012 – Dick Clark, American radio and television personality, dies from a heart attack at 82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

858 – Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1397 – Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) as when the book’s pilgrimage to Canterbury starts.

1492 – Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies

 

 

 

1524 – Giovanni Verrazano,  Florentine navigatordiscovers New York Harbor

 

 

 

 

 

 

1534 – Sir Thomas More confined in London Tower

1555 – Siena surrenders for Spanish troops

1629 – 1st commercial fishery established

1793 – Battle of Warsaw

1797 – Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico in what would be one of the largest invasions to Spanish territories in America.

1808 – Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships

1817 – 1st US school for deaf (Hartford, Conn)

1824 – Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40’N

1853 – US Marine Hospital at Presidio (SF) forms

1861 – Indianola TX – “Star of West” taken by Confederacy

1861 – Virginia is 8th state to secede

 

 

 

1863 –  Grierson’s Raid : La GrangeTN to Baton RougeLA

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Plymouth, NC

1864 – Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia

1864 – Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges

1865 – Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln’s assassination

1875 – “Snooker” (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain

1895 – Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)

1900 – 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession

1905 – US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional

1905 – The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the “right to free contract” was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.

1907 – Ellis Island, NY-11,745 immigrants arrive

1912 – 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson’s “Ragging The Baby To Sleep”)

1920 – American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)

1924 – Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures & Louis B Mayer Co merged to form MGM

1932 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery

1934 – New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5

1937 – Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig, debut

1939 – Joe Louis KOs Jack Roper in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1941 – British troop land in Iraq/Yugoslavia; surrender to nazis

1941 – Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)

1941 – World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.

1942 – 12 Lancaster bombers strike MAN-factory in Augsburg

1942 – Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp

1942 – POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.

1943 – Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul

1945 – 8th Air Force bombs Dresden

1945 – Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan

1945 – US troops lands in Mindanao

1947 – Jackie Robinson bunts for his 1st major league hit

1951 – NY Yankee Mickey Mantle’s 1st game, he goes 1 for 4

1953 – Mickey Mantle hits a 565′ (172 m) HR in Wash DC’s Griffith Stadium

1956 – Willie Mosconi sinks 150 consecutive balls in a billiard tournament

1958 – Brussel’s (Belgium) World Fair opens

1961 – 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs attempt to overthrow Castro

1964 – Ford Mustang formally introduced ($2368 base)

1964 – Jerrie Mock becomes 1st woman to fly solo around the world

1967 – Shortwave Radio NY Worldwide goes back on the air after a week off

1967 – Surveyor 3 launched; soft lands on Moon, April 20

1969 – Bernadette Devlin elected to British house of commons

1969 – Czechoslovakia’s Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubcek deposed

1969 – Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Sen Robert F Kennedy

1969 – The Band (formerly The Hawks), perform their 1st concert

1970 – Apollo 13 limps back safely, Beech-built oxygen tank no help

1972 – 1st Boston Women’s Marathon won by Nina Kuscsik of NY in 3:10:26

1972 – 76th Boston Marathon won by Olavi Suomalainen of Finland in 2:15:39

1973 – 2nd Boston Women’s Marathon won by Jacqueline Hansen of CA in 3:05:59

1973 – 77th Boston Marathon won by Jon Anderson of Oreg in 2:16:03

 

 

 

1973 – German counter-terrorist unit GSG 9 founded.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – Bundy victim Susan Rancourt disappears from CWU, Ellensburg, WA

1974 – Moslem fundamentalists assault military academy in Heliopolis Egypt

1975 – Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea Natl Day)

1975 – Phnom Penh fell to Communist insurgents, ending Cambodia’s 5-year war

1978 – 63,500,000 shares traded on NY stock exchange (record)

1978 – 7th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Gayle Barron of Ga in 2:44:52

1978 – 82nd Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Mass in 2:10:13

1978 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sagan for “Dragons of Eden”

1982 – Canada adopts its constitution

1983 – Grete Waitz runs female world record marathon (2:25:29)

1983 – In Warsaw, police route 1,000 Solidarity supporters

1983 – India entered space age launching SLV-3 rocket

1983 – Nolan Ryan strikes out his 3,500th batter

1983 – Islanders tie NHL record with 3 shorthanded playoff goals vs Rangers Rangers 7-Isles 6-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 2-1 lead Wayne Gretzky scores 7 goals in one Stanley Cup playoff game

1986 – IBM produces 1st megabit-chip

1986 – Netherlands & Scilly Islands sign peace treaty (war of 1651)

1986 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Larry McMurtry for “Lonesome Dove”

1987 – Julius Erving becomes 3rd NBA player to score 30,000 points

1989 – 18th Boston Women’s Marath won by Ingrid Kristiansen of Nor in 2:24:33

1989 – 93rd Boston Marathon won by Abebe Mekonen of Ethiopia in 2:09:06

1989 – Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $245 per week

1990 – Gas explodes on passenger train in Kumrahar India, 80 die

1991 – Dow Jones closes above 3,000 for 1st time (3,004.46)

1991 – Railroad workers go on strike in US

1993 – Police officers found guilty of violating Rodney Kings civil rights

1995 – 24th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:25:11

1995 – 99th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:09:22

1997 – John Bell, 115, recieves new pacemaker

2002 – Four Canadian Forces soldiers are killed in Afghanistan by friendly fire from two United States Air Force F-16s, the first deaths in a combat zone for Canada since the Korean War.

2012 – The St Cuthbert Gospel, Europe’s oldest intact book, purchased by the British Library for 9 million pounds

 

 

 

 

Births

1278 – Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor (d. 1320)

1539 – Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter/cartoonist (Comedia)

1586 – John Ford, English dramatist (‘Tis Pity She’s a Whore)

1598 – Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (d. 1671)

1620 – Marguerite Bourgeoys, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame (d. 1700)

1710 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)

1741 – Johann Gottlieb Naumann, composer

 

 

 

1741 – Samuel Chasesupreme court justice (signed Decl of Ind)

 

 

 

 

1788 – Joseph Gilbert Totten, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1864

1798 – Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (d. 1840)

1809 – Philip St George Cocke, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861

1813 – Henry Washington Benham, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1884

1827 – French C Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (St Amanduskerk, Antwerp)

1837 – John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/CEO (US Steel)

1845 – Isabel Barrows, US, editor/penologist (Conference on Negro Question)

1849 – William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1923)

1863 – Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)

1866 – Ernest Starling, British physiologist (d. 1927)

1885 – Karen Blixen-Finecke, [pen name Isak Dinesen], Danish writer (Out of Africa)

1895 – Bert Wheeler, actor (Nitwits, Hold ’em Jail, High Flyers, Rainmakers)

1896 – Senor Wences, ventriloquist (his hand acts as a puppet)

1897 – Thornton N Wilder, US, novelist/playwright (Our Town)

1904 – Edward Chodorov, playwright/director (Story of Louis Pasteur)

1905 – Arthur Lake, Corbin Ky, actor (Dagwood-Blondie)

 

 

 

1915 – Joe FossAmerican WWII USMC ace pilot and Medal Of Honor recipient (d. 2003)

 

 

 

FOSS, JOSEPH JACOB Photo

 

 

 

 

 

1916 – David Stafford-Clark, psychiatrist

1916 – Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral

1916 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, world’s 1st woman PM (Sri Lanka, 1960..77)

1918 – Anne Shirley, UK, actress (Devil & Daniel Webster, Stella Dallas)

 

 

 

1918 – William HoldenIllactor (Stalag 17Bridge Over River KwaiSOB)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1921 – Donald Barron, CEO (Midland Bank)

1923 – Harry Reasoner, Dakota City Iowa, newscaster (60 Minutes, ABC, CBS)

1923 – Lloyd Biggle Jr, US, sci-fi author (Silence is Deadly)

1923 – Norman Potter, cabinetmaker designer/writer

1926 – G M Hughes, professor/zoologist

1928 – Cynthia Ozick, US, author (Pagan Rabbi & Other Stories)

1929 – James Last, orchestra leader/composer/arranger

1930 – Chris Barber, jazz trombonist

1934 – Don Kirshner, rock & roll producer (invented bubblegum music)

1936 – Pete Graves, rocker (Moonglows)

 

 

 

1937 – Daffy Duckanimated character

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1937 – Eduard N Stepanov, Russian cosmonaut

1939 – Robin Knox-Johnston, yachtsman

1943 – Roy Estrada, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1946 – Clare Francis, yachtswoman/novelist (Come Hell or High Water)

1948 – Jan Hammer, composer (Escape from TV, Miami Vice)

1949 – Heini Hemmi, Switzerland, giant slalom (Olympic-gold-1976)

1951 – Olivia Hussey, Buenos Aires, actress (Romeo & Juliet, Death on Nile)

1952 – Željko Ražnatović, Serbian warlord (d. 2000)

1954 – Riccardo Patrese, driver (Grand Prix)

1954 – Michael Sembello, American musician

1955 – Pete Shelley, vocal/guitar (Buzzcocks-Going Steady, Love Bites)

1956 – Pillow, [Therese Joan Bell], California, bodybuilder (Gold Classic 1983)

1957 – Nick Hornby, English author

1959 – Sean Bean, English actor (The Lord of the Rings Trilogy, A Game of Thrones)

1959 – Teri Austin, Toronto Canada, actress (Terminal Choice, Knots Landing)

1961 – Boomer Esiason, NFL quarterback (NY Jets, Cincinnati Bengals)

1962 – Nancy Hogshead, Iowa City, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1984)/model (jockey)

1964 – Raye Hollit, American Gladiator (Zap)

1966 – Lela Rochon, actress (Waiting to Exhale)

1967 – Liz Phair, American musician/songwriter

1969 – Alexander McQueen, fashion designer

1972 – Jennifer Garner [Affleck], Houston, Texas. American actress (Sydney Bristow-Alias)

1972 – Claire Sweeney, English actress

1973 – Brett Maher, Adelaide SA Australia, basketball guard (Olympics-96)

1974 – Victoria Beckham [Adams], Harlow, Essex, English singer (Posh Spice-Spice Girls)

1976 – Nadine Thomas, Miss Jamaica Universe (1997)

1976 – Monet Mazur, American actress and musician

1978 – Jason White, Scottish rugby player

1981 – Ryan Raburn, American baseball player

 

 

 

Deaths

326 – Alexander of Alexandria, Patriarch of Alexandria

485 – Proclus, Greek mathematician, dies in Athens [or Apr 14]

617 – Donnán of Eigg, Celtic Christian martyr, patron saint of Eigg

818 – Bernhard I, King of Italy, dies

858 – Benedict III, Italian Pope (855-58), dies

1080 – King Harald III of Denmark (b. 1041)

1272 – Zita/Cita, Italian maid/saint, dies at about 59

1427 – Jan IV, duke of Brabant/Limburg/wife of Jacoba van Bayern, dies

1574 – Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German philologist, dies

1630 – Christian I, ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (battle of White Mt), dies

1680 – Kateri Tekakwitha, first American Indian to receive beatification (b. 1656)

1761 – Thomas Bayes, English mathematician

 

 

 

1790 – Benjamin FranklinUS, (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

1799 – Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)

1835 – William Henry Ireland, forger (Shakespearean manuscripts), dies

1838 – J Schopenhauer, writer, dies at 71

1843 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)

1863 – Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general/cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61

1882 – George Jennings Sanitary engineer (b. 1810)

1941 – Al Bowlly, British dance band vocalist (b. 1899)

1942 – Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)

1945 – Hannie Schaft, “Girl with red hair,” executed

1945 – Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54

1960 – Eddie Cochran, rocker, dies at 21 in a car crash

1967 – Red Allen, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1908)

1968 – Margaret Seddon, dies at 95

1974 – Vinnie Taylor, rocker (Canned Heat), dies of a drug overdose

1976 – Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)

1983 – Felix Pappalardi, rocker (Cream, Mountain), dies

1983 – Mark W Clark, US general (WW II), dies at 87

1987 – Carlton Barrett, Jamaican reggae drummer (No woman no cry), dies at 36

 

 

 

1987 – Dick Shawncomedian (Producers), dies on stage at 57

 

 

 

 

1988 – Eva Novak, actress (Medicine Man), dies of pneumonia at 90

1990 – Ralph David Abernathy, US civil rights leader, dies

1992 – Hank Penny, country music singer, dies at 73 of heart failure

1996 – Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, philosopher, dies at 86

1997 – Chaim Herzog, President of Israel (1983-93), dies at 78

1998 – Linda McCartney, American-born wife of Paul McCartney (b. 1941)

2003 – Robert Atkins, American dietician (b. 1930)

2003 – Paul Getty, American-born philanthropist (b. 1932)

 

 

 

2003 – Earl KingAmerican musician and songwriter (b. 1934)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

2003 – Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (b. 1910)

2007 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress and television personality (b. 1910)

2008 – Danny Federici, organ player for E-Street Band (b. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1178 BC – A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.

73 – Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.

556 – Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1071 – Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.

1346 – The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans.

1395 – Azzo X d’Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.

1509 – French army under Louis XII enters Alps

1521 – Martin Luther arrives at Diet of Worms

1582 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.

1632 – Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme commander

1705 – Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College

1724 – 1st Easter observed (OS=Apr 9)

1746 – Battle at Culloden: Troops of George II of Great Britain defeat Charles Stuart

1777 – Battle of Bennington-New England’s Green Mountain Boys rout Brits

1780 – The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.

1789 – George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration

1799 – Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor – Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.

1818 – Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)

1853 – The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.

1854 – Steamer “Long Beach” sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die

1861 – US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states

1862 – Slavery abolished in District of Columbia

1862 – US Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)

1865 – Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)

1866 – Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes

1868 – Louisiana voters approve new constitution

1869 – Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti

1874 – Dr David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton

1881 – In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.

1908 – Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell Utah)

1912 – Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to cross English Channel

1912 – Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)

1917 – Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution

1922 – Annie Oakley sets women’s record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row

1924 – 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion

1925 – During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.

1926 – Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections “Lolly Willowes” & “Loving Huntsman” by Sylvia Townsend Warner

1929 – NY Yankees become 1st team to wear uniform numbers

1935 – 1st radio broadcast of “Fibber McGee & Molly”

1939 – Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact

1940 – 1st televised baseball game, WGN-TV, (White Sox vs Cubs exhibition)

1940 – Cleve Indian Bob Feller hurls an opening day no-hitter vs Chic, 1-0

1942 – Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship

1942 – King George VI awards George Cross to Island of Malta

1943 – 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem Neth (85 killed)

1943 – Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.

1945 – German troops in Groningen surrender

1945 – Red Army begins Battle of Berlin

1945 – US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany, during WW II

1945 – US troops land on He Shima Okinawa

1946 – 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 8 km alt

1947 – -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp

1947 – Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)

1947 – Massive explosion & fire kills 522 in Texas City, Tx

1948 – Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris

1951 – British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75

1953 – British royal yacht Britannica taken out of service

1956 – 1st solar powered radios go on sale

1962 – Brazil nationalizes US businesses

1962 – Walter Cronkite begins anchoring CBS Evening News

1964 – 9 men sentenced 25-30 years for Britain’s 1963 “Great Train Robbery”

1964 – Geraldine Mock of US is 1st woman to fly solo round the world

1965 – Test flight of heavy Saturn S-1C-rocket

1970 – 70 die in a snow crush (France)

1972 – Apollo 16 launched; 5th manned lunar landing (Decartes Highlands)

1972 – China sends 2 giant pandas to US

1975 – Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh

1983 – Steve Garvey sets NL record by playing in 1,118 consecutive games

1986 – To dispel rumors he’s dead, Moammar Gadhafi appears on TV

1987 – British Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears at Bow Street Magistrates’ Court in London charged with gross indecency.

1990 – Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $260 per week

1990 – Supreme Court rejects appeal from retarded man, Dalton Prejean, condemned to death for murdering a Louisiana state trooper in 1977

1992 – The Katina P. runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique. 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean.

1993 – Jury reaches guilty verdict in Federal case against cop who beat Rodney King, but the verdict is not read until April 17th

2004 – The super liner Queen Mary 2 embarks on her first Trans-Atlantic crossing, linking the golden age of ocean travel to the modern age of ocean travel.

2007 – Virginia Tech massacre: The deadliest mass shooting in modern American history. The gunman, Seung-Hui Cho, shoots 32 people to death and injures 23 others before committing suicide.

2012 – At least 55 people are killed in the Syrian uprising despite UN presence to oversee ceasefire

 

 

 

Births

778 – King Louis the Pious (d. 840)

1495 – Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (d. 1557)

1628 – Cornelis Evertsen de Young, vice admiral of Zealand

1660 – Hans Sloane, England, physician/naturalist/founder (British Museum)

1661 – Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, British poet and statesman (d. 1715)

1673 – Francesco Feroci, composer

1682 – John Hadley, mathematician/inventor (1st reflecting telescope)

1728 – Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist

1738 – Henry Clinton, British general (d. 1795)

1816 – Edward “Old Allegheny” Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army)

1821 – Ford Maddox Brown, painter

1823 – Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1907

1823 – Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)

1850 – Herbert Baxter Adams, US, historian (American Historical Association)

1865 – Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)

1867 – Wilbur Wright, of aeronautical fame (Wright Brothers)

1889 – Charlie Chaplin, (Tramp), comedian (City Lights)/IBM salesman

1897 – John B Glubb, British commandant/writer (A soldier with the Arabs)

1899 – Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (d. 1988)

1900 – Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)

1905 – John Lee-Barber, admiral

1906 – Pigmeat Markham, Durham NC, comedian (Here Comes da Judge-Laugh In)

1907 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)

1911 – Christine McIntyre, actress (3 Stooges movies)

1912 – John Halas, animator

1912 – Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996)

1913 – Les Tremayne, London, actor (Angry Red Planet, War of the Worlds)

1913 – Lord Aberconway, CEO (John Brown & Co)

1914 – John Hodiak, Pittsburgh PA, actor (A Bell for Adamo, Lifeboat)

1918 – Spike Milligan, India, actor/comedian (Digby, 3 Musketeers)

1918 – Dick Gibson, British racing driver

1919 – Merce Cunningham, choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus)

1920 – Barry Nelson, Oakland, actor (Airport, My Favorite Husband)

1921 – Peter Ustinov, London, actor (Death on Nile, Logan’s Run, Billy Budd)

1922 – Christopher Samuel Youd, UK, sci-fi author (Tripods Trilogy), (d. 2012)

1922 – Kingsley Amis, London, novelist (Lucky Jim, James Bond Dossier)

1922 – Eddie Bert, Yonkers, New York, bebopjazz trombonist, (d. 2012)

1924 – Henry Mancini, Cleveland, composer/conductor (Pink Panther)

1925 – Edie Adams, Kingston Pa, Mrs Ernie Kovacs (Murial Cigar), actress

1927 – Joseph Ratzinger, German theologist/dogmaticus

1928 – Dick “Night Train” Lane, NFL defensive back (Rams, Cards, Lions)

1930 – Herbie Mann, Brooklyn NY, jazz flute/sax (Just Wallin’)

1932 – Imre Polyak, Hungary, featherweight (Olympic-gold-1964)

1934 – Brian Peppiatt, joint CEO (SG Warburg Securities)

1934 – Geoffrey Owen, British editor (Financial Times)

1934 – Robert Stigwood, producer (Saturday Night Fever, Grease)

1935 – Bobby Vinton, Pitts Pa, singer (Roses are Red, Blue on Blue)

1935 – Haskell “Cool Papa” Sadler, blues singer/guitarist

1939 – Dusty Springfield, [Mary O’Brien], London, vocalist (Growing Pains)

1945 – Stefan Grossman, NYC, country blues singer (Yazoo Basin Boogie)

1946 – Margot Adler, American journalist

1947 – Gerry Rafferty, Paisley Scotland, guitarist/vocalist (Baker Street)

1947 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, [Lew Alcindor], NBA center (Mil Bucks, LA Lakers)

1949 – Melody Patterson, American actress

1951 – Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer

1952 – Peter Westbrook, St Louis Mo, US fencer (Olympic-bronze-88, 92, 96)

1953 – Jay O Sanders, Austin TX, actor (Meeting Venus, V I Warshawski)

1953 – J. Neil Schulman, American writer

1954 – Ellen Barkin, Bronx NY, actress (Big Easy, Sea of Love)

1954 – John Bowe, Australian racing driver

1955 – Charlotte Morrison, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1956 – David M Brown, Arlington Va, Cmdr USN/astronaut

1956 – Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier

1959 – Anne Kursinski, equestrian show jumper (Olympics-silver-96)

1961 – Doris Dragović, Croatian singer

1963 – Jimmy Osmond, Ogden Utah, singer (Donnie & Marie)

1964 – Dave Pirner, rocker (Soul Asylum)

1965 – Jon Cryer, actor (Pretty in Pink, Superman IV)

1965 – Martin Lawrence, comedian (Martin)

1971 – Selena, Texas, spanish singer (Grammy-1994)

1976 – Lukas Haas, actor (Music Box, Witness, Testament, Leap of Faith)

1976 – Dan Kellner, American fencer

1977 – Alek Wek, Sudanese supermodel

1979 – Christijan Albers, Dutch Formula One driver

1982 – Gina Carano, American Mixed Martial Arts fighter.

1985 – Benjamín Rojas, Argentine actor and singer

1986 – Paul di Resta, British racing driver

1990 – Heather Fulton, American marine biologist

 

 

 

Deaths

69 – Otho, Roman Emperor (b. 32)

744 – al-Walid II, Umayyad caliph

924 – Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy

1115 – Svjatopolk II, great monarch of Kiev, dies [or 1113]

1118 – Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily

1198 – Duke Frederick I of Austria

1446 – Filippo Brunelleschi, architect, dies

1529 – Louis de Berquin, French humanist/reformer/heretic, burned at stake

1619 – Denijs Calvaert/Caluwaert, [Dionisio Fiamingo], Flemish painter, dies

1645 – Tobias Hume, English composer

1756 – Jacques Cassini, Fr astronomer (Discover rings of Saturn), dies at 79

1783 – Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)

1788 – Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist (b. 1707)

1828 – Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Spanish painter/cartoonist, dies at 82

1850 – Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud, maker of wax figures, dies at 88

1859 – Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)

1865 – Robert C Tyler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle

1879 – Bernadette, st/(saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies in Nevers France

1888 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (b. 1845)

1899 – Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (b 1875)

1914 – George W Hill, US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76

1915 – Nelson W. Aldrich, American politician (b. 1841)

1928 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founder of Henri Birks and Sons (b. 1840)

1938 – Bertram Wagstaff Mills, circus proprietor, dies

1946 – Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and automobile designer (b. 1884)

1947 – Rudolf Höß, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1900)

1955 – Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded

1958 – Rosalind Franklin, British chemist (b. 1920)

1968 – Edna Ferber, American author (American Beauty), dies at 82

1970 – Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)

1972 – Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese author (Nobel 1968), dies at 72

1978 – Lucius D Clay, gen/gov US zone W-Germany (airlift), dies at 80

1988 – Khalil al-Wazir, PLO milt commander, assassinated by Israeli commandos

1991 – David Lean, director (28 academy awards), dies of pneumonia at 83

1992 – Neville Brand, actor (Stalag 17), dies of emphysema at 71

1994 – Ralph Waldo Ellison, US writer (Invisible Man), dies at 80

1995 – Cheyenne Brando, daughter of Marlon, commits suicide

1996 – Raymond Earl Hill, saxophonist, dies at 62

1996 – Stavros Spyros Niarchos, Greek shipowner, dies at 86

1997 – Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, media tycoon, dies at 66

1997 – Mae Boren Axton, song writer (Heartbreak Hotel), dies at 82

1998 – Fred Davis, English snooker player (b. 1913)

1998 – Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (b. 1920)

1999 – Skip Spence, Canadian-born guitarist, singer and songwriter (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1946)

2002 – Ruth Fertel, American restaurateur (b. 1927)

2002 – Robert Urich, American actor (b. 1946)

2005 – Marla Ruzicka, American humanitarian worker and peace activist (b. 1976)

2007 – Maria Lenk, Brazilian swimmer and first Brazilian woman to compete in the Olympic Games (b. 1915)

2007 – Seung-Hui Cho, Korean American murderer (b. 1984), see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre

2007 – Jocelyne Couture-Nowak, American instructor of French (b. 1958)

2007 – Kevin Granata, American professor of Engineering (b. 1961)

2007 – Liviu Librescu, American Jewish-Romanian professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics (b. 1930)

2007 – G. V. Loganathan, Indian American professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering (b. 1954)

2007 – Frank Bateson, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1909)

2008 – Edward Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (b. 1917)

2010 – Rasim Delic, Bosnian military chief of staff and war criminal (b. 1949)

2012 – Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Danish shipping Magnate, dies at 98

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Students Willing To Give Up U.S. Citizenship For In-State Tuition

 

 

 

Such are the perverse incentives in Obamaworld’s land of academia …

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

69 – Battle at Bedriacum, North-Italy

1205 – Battle at Adrianople: Bulgaria beats Emp Boudouin of Constantinople

1250 – Pope Innoncent III refuses Jews of Cordova Spain to build a synagogue

1450 – French defeat English at Battle of Formigny in 100 Years’ War

1493 – -20/4 Barcelona] Columbus meets with King Ferdinand & Isabella

1581 – Cortes van Thomar accepts Philip II as king of Portugal

1594 – Fleming Pieter Stevens appointed royal painter of Rudolf II (Prague)

1632 – Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat Count Tilly of the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.

1715 – Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.

1738 – Bottle opener invented

1793 – Bank of England hands out 1st £5 note

1817 – 1st American school for the deaf opens (Hartford Conn)

1850 – City of San Francisco incorporated

1858 – Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists

1861 – Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Lincoln

1864 – General Steeles’ Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas

1865 – Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen

1870 – Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada

1874 – NY legislature passes compulsory education law

1877 – 1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Mass

1878 – Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap

1892 – General Electric Company, forms & is incorporated in NY

1895 – Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)

1896 – 1st Olympic games close at Athens, Greece

1900 – An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs

1900 – International Exposition opens in Paris

1901 – 1st British motorized burial

1912 – Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as band plays on

1922 – Banting, MacLeod & Best discover insulin

1923 – Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics

1924 – Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.

1927 – Babe Ruth hits 1st of 60 HRs of season (off A’s Howard Ehmke)

1931 – 1st walk across American backwards begins

1940 – British troops land at Narvik, Norway

1941 – 1st helicopter flight of 1 hr duration, Stratford, Ct

1943 – Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase

1945 – British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp, Bergen-Belsen

1945 – US troops occupy concentration camp Colditz

1947 – Jackie Robinson goes hitless in his major league debut

1948 – 1st Jewish-Arab military battle, arabs defeated

1952 – 1st B-52 prototype test flight

1952 – Franklin National Bank issues 1st bank credit card

1952 – The maiden flight of the B-52 Stratofortress

1955 – Ray Kroc starts McDonald’s chain of fast food restaurants (Illinois)

1957 – Saturday mail delivery restored after Congress givs PO $41 million

1959 – Fidel Castro begins US goodwill tour

1959 – US Sect of States John Foster Dulles resigns

1962 – US national debt above $300,000,000,000

1964 – Chesapeake Bay Bridge opens (world’s longest)

1964 – Ian Smith becomes premier of Rhodesia

1969 – North Korea shoots at US airplane above Japanese sea

1970 – Libyan leader Gadaffi launches “Green Revolution”

1971 – 43rd Academy Awards – “Patton,” George C Scott & Glenda Jackson win

1972 – Barbra Striesand, James Taylor, Carole King & Quincy Jones perform at a benefit for George McGovern for President

1973 – Walt Disney Story opens

1974 – Military coup in Niger, president Diori Hamani deposed

1975 – 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken

1978 – 43 die as 2 express trains collide head-on south of Bologna, Italy

1981 – Janet Cooke says her Pulitzer award 8-year-old heroin addict story is a lie, Wash Post relinquishes Pulitzer Prize on fabricated story

1982 – Apollo Computer announces DN400, DN420, & landscape display

1983 – Tokyo Disneyland opens

1984 – Extremist Sikhs plunder 40 stations in Punjab India

1986 – US air raids Libya, responding to La Belle disco, Berlin bombing

1986 – The United States launches Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya.

1988 – Meteorite explode above Indonesia

1989 – 95 crushed to death at Sheffield Soccer Stadium in England

1989 – Then largest lottery in North America ($69M) drawn in Illinois

1990 – “In Living Color” premieres on FOX-TV

1991 – Former child actor Adam Rich charged with burglary

1991 – Magic Johnson sets NBA record for career assistswith 9,898

1991 – Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $280 per week

1992 – Billionaire Leona Helmsly is sent to jail for tax evasion

1992 – Jay Leno’s final appearance as permanent guest host of Tonight

1992 – Lincoln Hospital in Bronx loses its accreditation

1992 – William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy & DeForest Kelley inducted into National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame

1997 – America On Line, begins service in Japan

1997 – Baseball honors Jackie Robinson by retiring #42 for all teams

1997 – Fire sweeps through a campsite of Muslims making the Hajj pilgrimage; the official death toll is 343.

2010 – Volcanic ash from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland leads to the closure of airspace over most of Europe.

2012 – 400 Islamist Militants escape from a Pakistan prison after an insurgent attack

2012 – US Secret Service inappropriate conduct scandal begins with at least 11 people implicated

 

 

 

Births

1452 – Leonardo da Vinci, Italy, painter/sculptor/scientist/visionary

1469 – Nanak, 1st guru of Sikhs

1489 – Sinan, Ottoman architect (d. 1588)

1552 – Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1626)

1588 – Claudius Salmasius, [Claude Saumaise], French linguist

1641 – Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)

1646 – King Christian V of Denmark (d. 1699)

1646 – Pierre Poiret, French mystic (d. 1719)

1684 – Catherine I, empress of Russia (1725-27)

1707 – Leonhard Euler, Bassle Sweden, mathematician (Euler’s Constant)

1710 – William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)

1741 – Charles Willson Peale, US, port painter/inventor (George Washington)

1772 – Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. 1844)

1793 – Friedrich Struve, Germany, founded dynasty of astronomers

1794 – Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist (d. 1867)

1800 – James Clark Ross, explorer (British Antarctic)

1809 – Hermann Gunther Grassmann, mathematician

1820 – Evander McNair, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1902

1821 – Emerson Brown Joseph, (Confederacy), died in 1894

1822 – Napolean Jackson Tecumseh Dana, Major General (Union volunteers)

1829 – Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon

1837 – Horace Porter, Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1921

1841 – Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)

1843 – Henry James, American/British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), (d. 1916)

1874 – Johannes Stark, Germany, physicist (Stark effect) (Nobel 1919)

1874 – George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)

1875 – James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1953)

1885 – Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)

1889 – Thomas Hart Benton, Missouri, painter/muralist (Lonesome Road)

1891 – Alvin Carter, Virginia, vocalist (Carter Family)

1892 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)

1892 – Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)

1894 – Elizabeth Mae “Bessie” Smith, Empress of Blues (over 200 songs)

1894 – Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, Kalinovka, Dmitriyevsky Uyezd, Kursk Governorate, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64)

1895 – Harry F V Edward, British Guiana, 100m/200m runner (Oly-bronze-1920)

1895 – Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player (d. 1980)

1896 – Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)

1901 – Joe Davis, English snooker/billiards-world champ (1927-46)

1907 – Nicholas Tinbergen, Neth/British biologist/zoologist (Nobel 1973)

1912 – Kim II Sung, pres of North Korea (1945-94)

1912 – Peter Menzies, CEO (British Electricity Council)

1916 – Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)

1917 – Hans Conried, Balt Md, actor (Bullwinkle Show, Make Room for Daddy)

1920 – Thomas Szasz, Budapest, Hungary, psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), (d. 2012)

1922 – Michael Ansara, Lowell Mass, actor (Cochise-Broken Arrow, Centennial)

1927 – Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)

1928 – Norma Merrick Sklarek, 1st black woman architect in NY & Calif

1929 – Adrian Cadbury, candy manufacturer (Cadbury, Schweppes)

1933 – Boris Strugatski, USSR, sci-fi author (Tale of Troika)

1933 – Elizabeth Montgomery, LA California, actress (Samantha/Serena-Bewitched)

1933 – Roy Clark, Meherrin Va, country singer (Hee Haw)

1938 – Claudia Cardinale, Tunisian-born actress (The Pink Panther)

1939 – Marti Wilder, father of rocker Kim Wilde

1940 – Edy Hubacher, Switzerland, 4-man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1972)

1940 – Jeffrey Archer, England, (Tory-Commons)/author (Matter of Honor)

1940 – Robert Walker Jr, NYC, actor (Ceremony, Ms Don Juan, Ensign Pulver)

1940 – Robert Lacroix, French Canadian professor of economics

1942 – Walter Raphael Hazzard, Wilmington Del, basketball (Olympic-gold-1964)

1942 – Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)

1944 – Dave Edmunds, Wales, singer/guitarist (Rockpile-Baby I Love You)

1947 – Linda Bloodworth-Thomason, TV producer (Designing Women, Murphy Brown)

1947 – Michael DeBello, singer (Maniac)

1951 – Heloise II, columnist (Heloise’s Helpful Hints)

1951 – John L Phillips, Ft Belvoir Va, PhD/astronaut

1951 – Marsha S Ivins, Baltimore Maryland, astronaut (STS 32, 46, 62, 81)

1954 – Seka, American  actress

1955 – Barbara Barrow, LPGA golfer

1955 – Enith Salle Brigitha, Neth, 100m/200m swimmer (Olympic-bronze-1976)

1955 – Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)

1956 – Gregory J Harbaugh, Cleveland Ohio, astronaut (STS 39, 54, 71, 82)

1957 – Evelyn Ashford, Shreveport LA, 100m runner (Oly-4 gold-1976, 84)

1958 – Matt Reid, rock keyboardist (Berlin-Takes Your Breathe Away)

1959 – Emma Thompson, England, actress (Henry V, Howards End, Oscar-1992)

1960 – Marvin Clyde Goodwin, New Orleans La, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1961 – Tiina Lillak, Finland, javelin thrower (Olympic-silver-1984)

1963 – Teresa Wentzel DeWitt, Ft Bragg NC, double trap (Olympics-1996)

1963 – Bobby Pepper, American journalist

1966 – Samantha Karen Fox, East End London England, singer (Touch Me)

1967 – Dara Torres, Beverly Hills CA, US Olympic swimmer (Olympic-gold-84)

1968 – Stacey Williams, Phila Penn, model (SI Swimsuit 1996)

1971 – Jason Sehorn, NFL cornerback/safety (NY Giants)

1971 – Sarah Jane Hamilton, British  actress

1972 – Peter Billingsley, NYC, actor (Real People)

1972 – Lou Romano, American voice actor

1974 – Josh Todd, American musician (Buckcherry)

1975 – Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)

1976 – Susan Ward, American actress

1977 – Lisa Bell, Rockford Ill, figure skater (1997 Midwestern Sr champ)

1980 – Fränk Schleck, Luxembourgish cyclist

1982 – Seth Rogen, Canadian actor and writer

1984 – Ben Kasica, Guitarist of rock band Skillet

1990 – Emma Watson, Paris, France, English actress (Hermione Granger-Harry Potter Series)

 

 

Deaths

1053 – Godwin, Earl of Wessex

1220 – Adolf I, archbishop of Cologne, dies

1415 – Manuel Chrysoloras, Greek humanist and grammarian

1472 – Leon B Alberti, Italian humanist/architect (Philodoxis), dies at 68

1502 – Jan IV Chalon, prince of Orange, dies

1605 – Boris Godunov, tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies

1621 – John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony

1632 – George Calvert, Proprietor of the Avalon (Maryland) Colony (b. 1580)

1761 – Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)

1761 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (b. 1696)

1764 – Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1721) of tuberculosis aged 42

1793 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer (b. 1718)

1804 – Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)

1824 – Theodorus F van Capellen, vice-admiral (Algiers), dies at 61

1854 – Arthur Aikin, English chemist, mineralogist, and writer (b. 1773)

1865 – Abraham Lincoln, 16th American president, dies from gunshot wound at 56

1898 – Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader

1911 – Georg Knorr, German engineer, dies

1912 – Edward Smith, captain of the RMS Titanic (b. 1850)

1912 – John Jacob Astor IV, billionaire (b. 1864)

1920 – Jacob van Stolk Azn, art collector, dies at 74

1925 – John Singer Sargent, US portrait painter, dies at 69

1948 – Radola Gajda, Czech military commander and politician (d. 1892)

1949 – Wallace Beery, US actor (The Champ), dies at 64

1967 – Antonio de Curtis Toto, comedian, dies of heart attack at 69

1971 – Dan Reeves, American football team owner (b. 1912)

1975 – John B McKay, US test pilot (X-15), dies

1980 – Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialist philosopher and writer (Nobel 1964), dies in Paris at 74

1980 – Raymond Bailey, actor (Mr Drysdale-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 75

1982 – 5 murderers, of Egyptian pres Sadat, executed

1983 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (b. 1892)

1984 – Tommy Cooper, comedian, dies at 61

1986 – Jean Genet, French criminal/novelist/dramatist, dies at 75

1986 – Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin, cosmonaut, dies at 76

1989 – Nesuhi Ertegün, American record executive (b. 1917)

1990 – Greta Garbo, actress (Anna Karenina, Camille), dies at 84

1993 – Leslie Charteris, British mystery writer (Saint), dies at 85

1993 – John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (b. 1908)

1994 – John Curry, English figure skater (Oly-gold-76), dies of AIDS at 44

1995 – Denis Harding, soldier, dies at 79

1998 – Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (b. 1925)

1999 – Harvey Postlethwaite, British engineer and racing car designer (b. 1944)

2000 – Edward Gorey, American illustrator (b. 1925)

2001 – Joey Ramone, American musician and singer (The Ramones) (b. 1951)

2002 – Byron “Whizzer” White, American football player and U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1917)

2007 – Brant Parker, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

2010 – Jack Herer, American author and cannabis activist (b. 1939)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

43 BC – Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar’s assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.

193 – Lucius Septimus Severus crowned emperor of Rome

754 – Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] & Pippin the Korte

966 – Christianisation of Poland

972 – Notger becomes bishop of Liege

979 – Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England

1028 – German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king

1191 – 85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III

1341 – Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo.

1434 – The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid.

1471 – Battle of Barnet – King Edward IV vs Earl of Warwick

1544 – Battle at Carignano: French troops under Earl d’Enghien beat Swiss

1574 – Battle of Mookerhei – D’Avila beats Louis of Nassau

1611 – Word “telescope” is 1st used (Prince Federico Cesi)

1671 – Cosaks capture Russian boer leader Stenka Razin

1699 – Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar.

1775 – 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Phila

1777 – NY adopts new constitution as an independent state

1792 – France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars

1809 – Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

1814 – Napoleon abdicated & was banished to Elba

1818 – US Medical Corp forms

1828 – 18-gun sloop “Acorn” sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard

1828 – 1st edition of Noah Webster’s dictionary published

1831 – Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse.

1836 – Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin

1841 – Edgar Allen Poe’s “Murders in the Rue Morgue,” published

1853 – Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape

1860 – 1st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St Joseph, Mo

1861 – Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter

1861 – Robert E Lee resigns from Union army

1862 – Battle of Ft Pillow TN

1863 – William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press

1865 – Mobile, Alabama is captured

1865 – US Secret Service created to fight counterfeiting

1865 – U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.

1865 – President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater

1868 – SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228

1871 – Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills

1872 – Dominion Lands Act passed-Canada’s Homestead Act

1872 – San Francisco organizes Bar Association

1881 – The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupts in El Paso, Texas.

1902 – JC Penney opens his 1st store, in Kemmerer, Wyo

1903 – Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)

1906 – Pres Theodore Roosevelt denounces “muckrakers” in US press

1909 – Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London

1914 – Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern

1915 – Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo

1915 – The Turks invade Armenia.

1918 – Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)

1920 – Tornadoes killed 219 people in Alabama & Mississippi

1927 – The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden.

1928 – Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA

1935 – Sandstorm ravages US midwest (Dust Bowl)

1939 – John Steinbeck novel “The Grapes of Wrath” published

1940 – Allied troops land in Norway

1940 – RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia

1941 – 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up

1942 – Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

1944 – 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz

1944 – Freighter “Fort Stikene” explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376

1944 – Gen Eisenhower becomes head commander of allied air fleet

1945 – American planes bombed Tokyo & damaged the Imperial Palace

1945 – Arnhem/Zwolle freed from nazis

1945 – US 7th Army & allies forces captured Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany

1945 – US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa

1945 – US marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa

1948 – A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon

1948 – NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents

1953 – Viet-Minh offensive in Laos

1955 – Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform

1956 – Ampex Corp demonstrates 1st commercial videotape recorder

1958 – Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burns up in atmosphere

1960 – 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile

1961 – Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua

1961 – US element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered

1964 – Sandy Koufax throws his 9th complete game without allowing a walk

1967 – In the Vietnam War, US planes bombed Haiphong for 1st time

1968 – Roberto de Vicenzo loses Masters for signing an incorrect score card

1969 – Student Afro-American Society seized at Columbia College

1971 – President Nixon ends blockade against People’s Republic of China

1973 – Acting FBI director L Patrick Gray resigns after admitting he destroyed evidence in the Watergate scandal

1978 – Korean Air Lines Boeing 707, fired on by Soviets, crashes in Russia

1980 – 1st Cubans of the Mariel boatlift sail to Florida

1983 – Pres Reagan signs $165 billion Social Security rescue

1985 – Jack C Burcham is 5th to receive “Jarvik 7″ permanent artificial heart

1986 – Double-decker ferry sinks in stormy weather in Bangladesh killing 200

1986 – US aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya

1987 – Turkey asks to join European market

1989 – 1,100,000,000th Chinese born

1992 – Court throws out Apple’s lawsuit against Microsoft

1992 – UAW ends 5 month strike against Caterpillar Inc

1992 – UN imposes embargo against Libya takes effect

1994 – US F-15 accidentally shoots 2 US helicopters down over Iraq, 26 die

1994 – Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender after completion of his Seven Seals manuscript

1999 – NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees – Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed.

2000 – Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich files a lawsuit against P2P sharing phenomenon Napster. This law-suit eventually leads the movement against file-sharing programs.

2002 – Tiger Woods becomes the third golfer to win The Masters in two consecutive years

2002 – Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by the country’s military.

2003 – The Human Genome Project is completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%.

2003 – U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the Achille Lauro in 1985.

2007 – At least 200,000 demonstrators in Ankara, Turkey protest against the possible candidacy of incumbent Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

2010 – Icelandic Volcano Eyjafjallajökull begins erupting from the top crater in the centre of the glacier

 

 

 

Births 

1336 – Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)

1572 – Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician (d. 1632)

1578 – Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621)

1592 – Abraham Elsevier, book publisher/publisher

1629 – Christian Huygens, Holland, astronomer (discovered Saturn’s rings)

1668 – Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General (d. 1741)

1676 – Ernst Chreistian Hesse, composer

1710 – Marie A C de Camargo, Spanish/Italian/Belgian dancer

1721 – William August duke of Cumberland, English army leader

1741 – Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)

1762 – Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist

1788 – David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)

1813 – Junius S Morgan, US, merchant/philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)

1820 – Harry Thompson Hays, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876

1827 – Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)

1832 – James Hewett Ledlie, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1882

1861 – Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor

1866 – Anne Mansfield Sullivan, US, educated Helen Keller

1868 – Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)

1882 – Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)

1889 – Arnold Toynbee, England, historian (Study of History)

1892 – Giorgio Cesana, Italy, coxswain, (Olympic-gold-1906)

1892 – Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian

1901 – Alfred West, champion cyclist/record hair splitter (17 splits)

1901 – Martin Kessel, writer

1904 – John Gielgud, London England, actor (Arthur, Ages of Man)

1906 – Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz, King Saudi-Arabia (1964-75)

1907 – Francois “Doc” Duvalier, dictator of Haiti

1912 – Robert Doisneau, photographer

1913 – John Howard, Cleve Ohio, actor (Dave-My Three Sons)

1920 – John Paul Stevens, Supreme Court Justice

1921 – Thomas Schelling, American economist, Nobel laureate

1925 – Bill Harris, US guitarist (Clovers-Good Lovin’)

1925 – Rod Steiger, West Hampton NY, actor (Illustrated Man, Pawnbroker)

1933 – Buddy Knox, Happy Tx, rock vocalist (Party Doll, Lovey Dovey)

1935 – Loretta Lynn, Butcher’s Hollow Ky, singer (Coal Miner’s Daughter)

1936 – Kenneth Mars, American actor

1936 – Frank Serpico, American policeman

1941 – Julie Christie, Assam India, actress (Dr Zhivago)

1941 – Pete Rose, Cincinnati Reds, Charlie hustle (most hits in majors)

1941 – Ryan O’Neal, actor (Love Story, Paper Moon)

1945 – Ritchie Blackmore, Engld, guitarist (Rainbow-Stone Cold, Deep Purple)

1945 – Steve Martin, Waco TX, writer/actor (Jerk, Housesitter)

1948 – Ty Grimes, rocker (Capt Beefheart Band Drums

1949 – John Shea, North Conway NH, actor (Honeymoon, New Life, Lois & Clark)

1952 – Kenny Aaronson, rocker

1953 – Irina Rudolfovna Pronina, Russian cosmonaut

1954 – Bruce Sterling, US, sci-fi author (Involution Ocean, Schismatrix)

1957 – Richard Jeni, American comedian (d. 2007)

1961 – Robert Carlyle, Glasgow, Scotland, British actor (Trainspotting, The Full Monty)

1962 – James Carpenter, Canton Conn, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1966 – David Justice, baseball player (Atlanta Braves)/husband of Halle Barry

1966 – Greg Maddux, San Angelo TX, pitcher (Atlanta Braves)

1967 – Barret Martin, rocker (Screaming Trees)

1968 – Anthony Michael Hall, Boston Mass, comedian (SNL, Breakfast Club)

1973 – Adrien Brody, American actor

1975 – Amy Dumas, American professional wrestler

1975 – Veronika Zemanová, Czech model

1977 – Sarah Michelle Gellar, actress (Kendall-All My Children, Buffy)

1979 – Randal McCloy, Survivor of the Sago Mine Disaster

1986 – Anne Watanabe, Japanese model

1996 – Abigail Breslin, American child actress

 

 

 

Deaths

711 – Childebert III, king of French, dies at about 27

911 – Sergius III, Italian Pope (904-11), dies

1099 – Conrad, bishop of Utrecht, stabbed to death

1132 – Mstislav of Kiev (b. 1076)

1240 – Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales, dies

1279 – Boleslaus of Greater Poland

1322 – Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, English soldier (b. 1275)

1433 – Liduina van Schiedam, Dutch mystic (Christ’s Bride)/saint, dies at 53

1574 – Christoffel Palts, German general strategist, dies in battle

1574 – Hendrik, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle

1574 – Louis, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle at 35

1578 – James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland

1599 – Henry Wallop, English statesman

1662 – William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (b. 1582)

1716 – Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, British admiral

1759 – Georg Friedrich Handel, organist/composer (Watermusic), dies at 74

1764 – Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer, dies at 84

1785 – William Whitehead, English writer (b. 1715)

1792 – Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)

1874 – Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch author/engineer on Curacao, dies at 86

1911 – Addie Joss, American baseball player (b. 1880)

1924 – Louis H Sullivan, architect (Wainwright building St Louis), dies at 67

1935 – Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)

1941 – Jack Edmonson, Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross), dies

1948 – Walter P Reuther, Pres (United Auto Workers), shot at his home

1949 – Joseph A Cushman, US paleontologist, dies at 68

1964 – Rachel L Carson, US biologist/author (Silent spring), dies at 56

1964 – Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (b. 1876)

1965 – Perry E Smith, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged

1965 – Robert E Hickok, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged

1971 – Armand Spitz, developer of small educational planetarium, dies

1975 – Fredric March, actor (Inherit the Wind), dies at 77

1983 – Nina Dumbadze, Russian discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1952), dies at 64

1983 – Pete Farndon, rock bassist (Pretenders), dies

1985 – Reginald Beane, pianist (Starlit Time, Once Upon a Tune), dies at 63

1992 – Sammy Price, US boogie-woogie pianist, dies

1995 – Burl Ives, folk singer/actor (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof), dies at 85

1995 – Donald Keech, entrepreneur, dies at 74

1995 – James Daniel “Danny” Turner, saxophonist, dies at 75

1996 – Gaylord Birch, drummer (Pointer Sisters, Herbie Hancock), dies at 50

1999 – Anthony Newley, British actor and singer (b. 1931)

2000 – Phil Katz, American computer programmer (b. 1962)

2001 – Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (b. 1927)

2007 – Don Ho, American musician (b. 1930)

2008 – Ollie Johnston, the last living member of Disney’s Nine Old Men. (b. 1912)

2010 – Peter Steele, American musician. (b. 1968)

2011 – Walter Breuning, American supercentenarian (b. 1896)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Border Agents Bracing For New Immigrant Surge

 

 

Families of Central American immigrants turn themselves in to U.S. Border Patrol agents after crossing the Rio Grande River from Mexico on September 8, 2014 in Mission, Texas. Although the numbers of such immigrant families and unaccompanied minors have decreased from a springtime high, thousands continue to cross in the border illegally into the United States. The Rio Grande Valley sector is the busiest area for illegal border crossings, especially for Central Americans, into the U.S.  (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images) Photo: John Moore, Getty Images

John Moore, Getty Images

 

 

” On a recent evening near the banks of the Rio Grande, a group of five Guatemalan immigrants, among them two girls, ages 8 and 10 without a parent or guardian by their side, turned themselves over to U.S. Border Patrol agents. 

  It is a familiar scene to law enforcement agencies in South Texas that witnessed nearly 50,000 unaccompanied children and families, mostly from Central America, illegally streaming across the border here last year.

  While far fewer immigrants have been detained in recent months than during the same period a year ago, thousands are still crossing the Rio Grande illegally, and border agents are bracing for thousands more in the months ahead.

  Already, 15,647 minors and 13,911 families have been detained since the beginning of the fiscal year in October, along the whole Southwest border, most of them in Rio Grande Valley. With the historically busy April, May and summer months ahead, it is conceivable that apprehensions this year will surpass all but the unprecedented surge of 2014.”

 

Houston Chronicle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

837 – Best view of Halley’s Comet in 2000 years

989 – Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas

1055 – Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt named Pope Victor II

1111 – Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II

1180 – Republic day of Gelnhausen

1204 – Crusaders occupy Constantinople

1241 – Battle at Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Béla IV

1250 – The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.

1256 – The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.

1346 – Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy

1367 – Battle at Nájera Spain: Castile & England beat Aragon & France

1556 – Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope

1598 – Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots

1640 – English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)

1668 – John Dryden (36) becomes 1st English poet laureate

1741 – Dutch people protest bad quality of bread

1741 – Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich

1759 – French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen

1796 – 1st elephant arrives in US from India

1796 – Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

1808 – William Henry Lane (“Juda”) perfects tap dance

1829 – English Emancipation Act grants freedom of religion to Catholics

1860 – 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento Calif

1861 – After 34 hours of bombardment, Ft Sumter surrenders to Confederates

1863 – Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)

1863 – Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital

1865 – Battle of Raleigh, NC

1865 – Sherman’s march through Georgia begins

1868 – Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide

1869 – Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

1870 – Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC

1873 – Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)

1883 – US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism

1902 – J C Penney opens his 1st store in Kemmerer, Wyo

1904 – Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Herero’s chase away German army

1904 – Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin

1906 – Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama

1918 – Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital

1919 – Amritsar Massacre-British Army fires on nationalist rioters in India

1919 – British forces kill 100s of Indian Nationalists (Amritsar Massacre)

1920 – 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed

1926 – Bicyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam

1933 – 1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale)

1934 – US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act

1939 – In India, the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.

1940 – 2nd battle of Narvik-8 German destroyers, destroyed

1940 – Cornelious Warmerdam became 1st man to pole vault 15 ft

1941 – Heavy German assault on Tobruk

1943 – FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

1943 – Nazi’s discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn

1944 – The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.

1945 – Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis

1945 – Red Army occupy Wien (Vienna)

1945 – US marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa

1948 – 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus

1954 – Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

1955 – 20.33″ (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)

1957 – Due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in US is temp halted

1958 – Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Chaikovsky Compettion in Moscow.

1959 – USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit

1960 – France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara

1960 – Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit

1962 – US steel industry forced to give up price increases

1963 – Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit

1964 – Ian D Smith becomes premier of Rhodesia

1966 – Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s

1969 – 33rd Golf Masters Championship: George Archer wins, shooting a 281

1970 – 34th Golf Masters Championship: Billy Casper wins, shooting a 279

1975 – 39th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 276

1975 – Chad military coup by General Odingar

1975 – Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war

1976 – $2 bill re-introduced as US currency

1976 – Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes

1979 – Longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours

1980 – “Grease” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 3,388 performances

1980 – US boycotts Summer Olympics in Moscow

1981 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Beth Henley for “Crimes of the Heart”

1981 – Wash Post Janet Cooke wins Pulitzer Prize (later admits story a hoax)

1983 – Undefeated middleweight boxer Tony Ayala gets 35 years on sex assault

1984 – Pete Rose becomes 1st NL to get get 4,000 hits in a career

1985 – “TASS” denounced US boycott of Moscow Olympics

1986 – Boston Celtics end season with a 40-1 home win record

1986 – Spanish Grand Prix decided by 0.014 of a second

1987 – Portugal signs agreement to return Macau to China (in 1999)

1992 – American Airlines reduce its 1st-class fares 20%-50%

1992 – Crystal Pepsi begins test marketing in Providence, Denver & Dallas

1992 – Great Chicago Flood – Chicago’s underground tunnels flood

1994 – President guard at Kigali Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death

1997 – Hartford Whalers last NHL game

2012 – North Korean long range rocket testing ends in failure after the rocket broke up after launch

 

 

 

Births

1506 – Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (d. 1546)

1519 – Catherine de’ Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons

1547 – Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1568)

1570 – Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator (d. 1606)

1573 – Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1625)

1618 – Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (d. 1693)

1626 – Aert Jansz van Nes, Lt-admiral, baptised

1721 – John Hanson, Maryland, 1st US Pres under Articles of Confederation (d. 1783)

1743 – Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, (D-R) 3rd President of the United States (1801-09) (d. 1826)

1771 – Richard Trevithick, Cornwall, inventor (steam locomotive)

1780 – Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (d. 1868)

1784 – Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder

1784 – Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (d. 1877)

1791 – Félix PBOG earl de Merode, Belgian minister of War/Finance

1802 – Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (d. 1884)

1808 – Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (d. 1896)

1822 – Leroy Augustus Stafford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1822 – William Stephen Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1832 – James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (electricstatic generator)

1850 – Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)

1852 – F.W. Woolworth, American businessman (d. 1919)

1854 – Richard T Ely, US economist (Hard Times)

1866 – Butch Cassidy, [Robert LeRoy Parker], American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage)

1887 – Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)

1889 – Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)

1891 – Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian winner of the Victoria Cross (d. 1921)

1892 – Arthur Harris, Cheltenham, Marshal of the RAF

1892 – Robert A Watson-Watt, England, physicist (radar)

1897 – Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)

1899 – Alfred Moser Butts, game inventor (Scrabble)

1900 – Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)

1902 – Philippe de Rothschild, Paris, manager (Bordeaux Vineyard)

1904 – Sir David Robinson, British philanthropist and entrepreneur (d. 1987)

1906 – Budd [Lawrence] Freeman, US jazz saxophonist (Eel)

1906 – Samuel Beckett, French playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969)

1907 – Harold Stassen, W St Paul Minn, (Gov-R-Minn) perennial pres candidate

1909 – Eudora Welty, Jackson Ms, novelist (Optimist’s Daughter-Pulitzer 1973)

1909 – Stanislaw Marcin Ulam, Polish mathematician (d. 1984)

1913 – Bernard Chacksfield, Air Vice-Marshal

1913 – David Donald Albritton, Danville Al, high jumper (Olympic-silver-1936)

1916 – Phyllis Fraser Cerf Wagner, American actress, journalist, and publisher (d. 2006)

1917 – Howard Keel, Ill, actor/singer and president of the Screen Actors Guild (7 Brides for 7 Brothers, Kiss Me Kate)

1919 – Madalyn Murray O’Hair, American atheist (opppsed prayer in school)

1920 – Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)

1921 – Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza, industrialist

1921 – James Wilson, British Lt-General

1922 – Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (d. 1999)

1923 – Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)

1924 – Stanley Donen, SC, film director/producer (Bedazzled, Damn Yankees)

1925 – Frank Neville Hosband Robinson, physicist

1926 – 11th duke of Marlborough, English large landowner

1926 – Don Adams, NYC, comedian (Maxwell Smart-Get Smart, Check it Out)

1927 – Rosa Joyce Plesters Brommelie, conservation scientist

1931 – Jon Stone, co-creator of Sesame Street (d. 1997)

1933 – Ben Nighthorse Campbell, (Sen-D Colorado)

1933 – Shani Wallis, Ireland, singer/actress (Oliver)

1935 – Kenneth Hayr, air marshal

1935 – Lyle Waggoner, KC Kansas, actor (Carol Burnette Show, Wonder Woman)

1937 – Edward Fox, London England, actor (M-Never Say Never Again)

1937 – Lanford Wilson, US playwright (Hot L Baltimore)

1939 – Paul Sorvino, actor (Chiefs, Dick Tracy)

1940 – Lester Chambers, Ms, vocalist (Chamber Brothers-Time Has Come Today)

1940 – Mike Beuttler, British racing driver (d. 1988)

1941 – Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist, Nobel laureate

1942 – Bill Conti, Providence RI, composer (For Your Eyes Only, Rocky IV)

1943 – Bill Koch, US skier

1943 – Billy Kidd, American skier

1944 – Brian Pendleton, rocker (Pretty Things)

1944 – Jack Casady, Wash DC, rock bassist (Hot Tuna, Jefferson Airplane)

1945 – Edward J Caruthers Jr, Troy Ala, high jumper (Olympic-silver-1968)

1945 – Lowell George, rock vocalist/guitarist (Little Feat-Time is a Hero)

1945 – Tony Dow, Hollywood California, actor (Wally-Leave it to Beaver)

1946 – Al Green, Forest City Arkansas, singer (Lets Stay Together)

1946 – Roy Loney, rocker (Flaming Groovies)

1948 – Nam Hae-il, Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy

1949 – Jean-Jacques Favier, Kehl Germany, astronaut (STS 78)

1949 – Philippe Petit, Nemours France, juggler/aerialist

1949 – Ricardo Zuniño, Argentine racing driver

1950 – Riff West, rock bassist (Molly Hatchet)

1950 – Ron Perlman, Bronx NY, actor (Quest for Fire, Beauty & the Beast)

1951 – Beatrix “Trixie” Schuba, Austria, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1972)

1951 – Max Weinberg, rock drummer (E Street Band, Conan O’Brien Show)

1951 – Peabo Bryson, Greenville SC, R&B vocalist (I’m So into You)

1951 – Peter Davison, actor (Dr Who, Sink or Swim, Fiddlers Three)

1952 – Jonjo O’Neill, racehorse trainer

1952 – Ron Dittemore, American space administrator

1954 – Jimmy Destri, rock keyboardist (Blondie-Heart of Glass, Rapture)

1956 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand rally driver (d. 2003)

1957 – Saundra Santiago, Bronx NY, actress (Gina-Miami Vice)

1958 – Randy Piper, heavy metal rocker (Wasp-Wildchild)

1959 – Vicki Witt Lansing MI, playmate (Aug, 1978)

1960 – Olaf Ludwig, German cyclist

1962 – Hillel Slovak, Israeli-born guitarist (d. 1988)

1963 – Gary Kimovich Kasparov, USSR, world chess champion (1985- )

1964 – Davis Milton Love III, Charlotte NC, PGA golfer (1987 MCI Heritage)

1964 – Caroline Rhea, Canadian actress

1969 – Harold Pruett, rocker (Outsiders-Time Won’t Let Me)

1970 – Rick Schroder, SI NY, actor (Ricky-Silver Spoons, Champ, Earthling)

1971 – Charles Outlaw, NBA forward (LA Clippers, Orlando Magic)

1974 – Darren Turner , British Race Driver

1975 – Lou Bega, German-born musician and artist

1978 – Chris Sligh, American Idol finalist

 

 

 

Deaths

799 – Paul the Deacon / Paulus Diaconus Warnefred, Italian Benedictine monk and chronicler (born c. 720)

814 – Krum of Bulgaria

1093 – Prince Vsevolod I of Kiev (b. 1030)

1279 – Boleslaw the Pious, Polish duke

1517 – Tuman Bey, last Mamelukken sultan of Egypt, hanged

1612 – Sasaki Kojirō, Japanese samurai

1635 – Fakhr-al-Din II, Druze Prince of Lebanon (b. 1572)

1722 – Charles Leslie, Irish controversialist, dies

1793 – Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary (b. 1763)

1806 – Jean-Jacques Bachelier, French painter, dies at about 82

1853 – Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (b. 1788)

1855 – Henry De la Beche, English geologist (b. 1796)

1880 – Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)

1904 – Vasili Vereshtshagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), dies

1918 – Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian general (b. 1870)

1936 – Milton Brown, American swing bandleader (b. 1903)

1941 – Annie Jump Cannon, US astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

1942 – Henk Sneevliet, leader of Dutch RSAP/Spartacus, executed at 58

1945 – Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)

1967 – Luis Somoza Debayle, president of Nicaragua (1956-63), dies at 44

1980 – Markus Höttinger, Austrian racing driver (b. 1956)

1984 – Christopher Wilder, FBI’s “most wanted man,” accidentally kills self

1992 – Wallace Stegner, novelist (Pulitzer 1972), dies at 84

1994 – Donald Benjamin Harden, archaeologist, dies at 92

1996 – James “Jimmy the Gent” Burke, criminal, dies at 64

1997 – George Wald, scientist (Nobel Prize, vitamin A in retina), dies at 80

1997 – Dorothy Frooks, American author and military figure (b. 1896)

1998 – Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfer (b. 1960)

2002 – Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racecar driver (b. 1928)

2003 – Possum Bourne, New Zealand rally car driver (b. 1956

2005 – Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (b. 1924)

2007 – Don Selwyn, Māori actor and film director (b. circa 1936)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uncurrent Events 4.12.15

Today In The Past

 

Events

467 – Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.

1065 – Pilgrims under bishop Gunther of Bamberg reach Jerusalem

 

 

 

1204 – 4th Crusade occupies & plunders Constantinople

 

 

 

 

 

 

1229 – Queen Blanche of Castile & earl Raymond VII van Toulouse sign peace

1545 – French king Francois I orders protestants of Vaudois to be killed

1557 – Cuenca is founded in Ecuador.

1606 – England adopts Union Jack as its flag

1654 – Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State

1770 – Townsend Acts repealed

1776 – Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina

1782 – Battle at Les Saintes West-Indies: British fleet beats French

1787 – Philadelphia’s Free African Society forms

1811 – 1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, WA

1820 – Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.

 

 

 

1844 – Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States

 

 

 

 

 

1858 – 1st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)

1861 – Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting Civil War

1862 – James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA

1862 – Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski Georgia

1863 – -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana

1864 – Battle of Blair’s Landing LA

1864 – Confederate Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tn

1869 – North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law

1872 – Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

1877 – British annex Transvaal, in South Africa

1877 – Catcher’s mask 1st used in a baseball game

1883 – French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal

1893 – Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi

1894 – British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa

1898 – Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in SF Bay to Navy

1905 – French Dufaux brothers test helicopter

1905 – Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)

1908 – Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea Massachusetts

1911 – 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)

1919 – British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages

1927 – Gen Chiang Kai-shek begins counter revolution in Shanghai

1928 – Assassination attempt on king Victor Emmanuel II of Italy

 

 

 

1934 – Highest velocity wind ever recorded on Mt WashingtonNH, 231 mph

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1934 – The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
1935 – First flight of the Bristol Blenheim.

1938 – US began requiring medical tests for marriage licenses

1940 – Italy annexes Albania

1941 – Vichy-France’s head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Hitler

1942 – Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan

1945 – Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Neth

1945 – Harry Truman sworn in as 33rd pres

1953 – Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston

1954 – Bill Haley & Comets records “Rock Around Clock”

1954 – Joe Turner releases “Shake, Rattle & Roll”

1955 – Salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched

1959 – France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria

1961 – Douglas MacArthur declines offer to become baseball commissioner

1963 – Birmingham police use dogs & cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators

1966 – 1st B-52 bombing on North Vietnam

1966 – Rocker Jan Berry crashes his corvette into a parked truck

 

 

 

 

1968 – Nerve gas accident at Skull ValleyUtah.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Simon & Garfunkel releases “Boxer”

1970 – Yankees dedicate plaques to Mickey Mantle & Joe DiMaggio

1980 – BCMA, Black Consciousness Movement of Azania, forms

1980 – Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d’etat, ending over 130 years of national democratic presidential succession.

1981 – Maiden voyage Space Transit System-space shuttle Columbia launched

1982 – 3 CBS employees shot to death in NYC parking lot

1983 – Harold Washington elected Chicago’s 1st black mayor

1985 – US Olympic Committee endorses a boycott of Moscow games

1987 – Texaco files for bankruptcy

1988 – Harvard U patents genetically engineered mouse (1st for animal life)
1988 – Sonny Bono elected mayor of Palm Springs Calif

1990 – Greyhound Bus hires new drivers to replace strikers

1990 – James Brown moves to a work-release center after serving 15 months

1990 – 1st meeting of East German democratically elected parliament, acknowledges responsibility for Nazi holocaust & asks for forgivenesss

1991 – 2,500th episode of Entertainment Tonight airs

1991 – US announces closing of 31 major US military bases

1992 – Euro Disney opens in Marne-la-Vallee France

1992 – Lynn Gunther of California threatens to blow herself up in front of UN

1992 – Trump Shuttle becomes US Air Shuttle

1994 – Canter & Siegel post the first commercial mass Usenet spam.

1999 – US President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving “intentionally false statements” in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.

2002 – Pedro Carmona becomes interim President of Venezuela during the military coup against Hugo Chávez.

2002 – Palestinian suicide bomber (female) kills 7 and injures 104 (among them 9 Arabs) at the Mahane Yehuda Market in Jerusalem.

2009 – U.S. Navy rescues captain Richard Phillips, killing three pirates and capturing a fourth.

2012 – A ceasefire in the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising comes into effect

2012 – Bodleian, Oxford University and Vatican libraries announce over 1.5 million pages of ancient texts will be made available across the internet

 

 

 

Births

599 BC – Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism (d. 527 BC)

812 – Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)

1484 – Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (d. 1546)

1500 – Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German humanist

1526 – Muretus, French humanist (d. 1585)

1550 – Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English politician (d. 1604)

1579 – Francois de Bassompierre, marshal of France

1695 – Caspar Burman, historian/mayor (Utrecht Neth)

1705 – William Cookworthy, English chemist (d. 1780)

 

 

 

1724 – Lyman HallUS physician (signed Declaration of Independence)

Lyman_Hall

 

 

 

 

 

1748 – Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)

1777 – Henry Clay, [the Great Compromiser], US politician

1794 – Germinal P Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry)

1801 – Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar/secession leader

1831 – George Burgwyn Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1831 – Grenville Mellen Dodge, Major General (Union volunteers)

1838 – John Shaw Billings, US, librarian/army physician

1852 – [Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician

1856 – William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen)

1868 – Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese naval commander (d. 1918)

1878 – Richard B Goldschmidt, German/US zoologist

1883 – Imogen Cunningham, photographer (1965 ASMP award)

1884 – Otto Meyerhof, Germany, psychologist/biochemist (Nobel-1922)

1898 – Lily Pons, American soprano (d. 1976)

1904 – Harald James Penrose, pilot

1908 – Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American Air Force pilot (d. 2006)

1911 – Darrell A Amyx, US archaeologist (Greek Ceramics)

1912 – Harold Maguire, British air marshal

1912 – Herbert Mills, singer, (Mills Brothers)

1913 – Keiko Fukuda, Tokyo, Japan, martial artist, (d. 2013)

1914 – Armen Alchian, American economist

1915 – Emil [Theodore] Petaja, US, sci-fi author (Star Mill, Tramontane)

1916 – Benjamin Libet, American scientist (d. 2007)

1917 – Helen Forrest, American singer (d. 1999)

1919 – Wilson Charles Geoffery Baldwin, hero

1923 – Ann Miller, [Lucille Ann Collier], Cherino, Tex, dancer (On the Town)

1924 – Julius Moormann, student/resistance fighter (WW II)

1928 – Brooklyn Supreme, Belgium, stallion, heaviest known horse (1450 kg)

 

 

 

1928 – Hardy KrügerGerman actor

 

 

 

 

 

 

1932 – Tiny Tim [ Herbert Khaury], New York, musician, (d. 1996)

1936 – Charles Napier, actor (Night Stalker, Rambo)

1937 – Raymond Ceulemans, Belgian world champ billiards player

1939 – Alan Ayckbourn, London, playwright

 

 

 

1940 – Herbie HancockChicagopianist (I Thought it Was You)

herbie-hancock-by-peter-wochniak-1636

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1942 – Frank Bank, Hollywood California, actor (Lumpy-Leave it to Beaver)

1942 – Carlos Reutemann, Argentine racing driver and politician

 

 

 

1944 – John Kay, [Joachim F Krauledat], Germanyrock vocalist (Steppenwolf)

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1946 – Ed O’Neill, actor (Al Bundy-Married with Children)

1947 – Dan Lauria, actor (Jack Arnold-Wonder Years) (1947 approx)

1947 – David Letterman, Indianapolis Ind, comedian (Late Night)

1947 – Tom Clancy, American author

1947 – Antonin Kratochvil photographer

1949 – Scott Turow, American writer

1950 – David Cassidy, NYC, singer/actor (Keith-Partridge Family)

1950 – Kari Palaste, Finnish architect

1950 – Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman and F1 team principal (Renault F1)

1951 – Jackson Spires, rock drummer (Blackfoot)

1954 – Marvin Johnson, US, middleweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1972)

 

 

 

1954 – Pat Traversrock guitarist (Puttin’ it Straight)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1956 – Alexander Briley, vocalist (YMCA-Village People)

1956 – Andy Garcia, Cuba, actor (Stand & Deliver, 8 Million Ways to Die)

1958 – Tony James, rock bassist (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)

1958 – Will Sergeant, rock guitarist (Echo & Bunnymen-Killing Moon)

1961 – D D Verni, heavy metal rocker (Overkill-Hello From the Gutter)

1961 – Julius Kariuki, Kenya, 3K steeplechaser (Olympic-gold-1988)

1962 – Takada Nobuhiko, Japanese wrestler

1965 – Elaine Zayak, NJ, figure skater (Olympics-6th-1984)

1971 – Shannen Doherty, Memphis Tn, actress (Little House, Bev Hills 90210)

1979 – Claire Danes, NYC, actress (Angela-My So Called Life, Romeo & Juliet)

1985 – Hitomi Yoshizawa, Japanese singer

1985 – Jeisa Chiminazzo, Brazilian supermodel

 

 

 

Deaths 

45 BC – Gnaeus Pompeius, the Younger, Roman general

 

 

 

65 – Seneca the YoungerRoman philosopherstatesman and dramatist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

238 – Gordian II, Roman co-Emperor with his father Gordian I, killed in battle at Carthage

238 – Gordian I, Roman Emperor, suicide, after losing battle at Carthage and death of son Gordian I

352 – Julius I, pope (337-52), dies

434 – Archbishop Maximianus of Constantinople

1125 – Vladislaus I of Bohemia

1443 – Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury

1550 – Claude of Lorraine, duke of Guise, dies at 53

1555 – Joanna of Castile (Joanna the mad), wife of Philip I of Castile dies at 75

1605 – Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies

1687 – Ambrose Dixon, Virginia Colony pioneer

1817 – Charles Messier, “comet ferret” & catalogs famous “M objects,”, dies

1864 – Thomas Green, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 50

1878 – William M “Boss” Tweed, NY politician, dies

1902 – Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist (b. 1842)

1912 – Clara Barton, organizer (American Red Cross), dies at 90

1945 – Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies at 63

1946 – August Borms, Flemish nazi collaborator, executed at 67

1962 – Ron Flockhart, Scottish racing driver (b. 1923)

1965 – Linda Darnell, US actress (Dakota Incident), dies at 43

1968 – Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer and Volkswagen director (b. 1899)

1975 – Josephine Baker, US/French revue artist (Folies-Bergere), dies at 68

 

 

 

 

1976 – Paul Fordactor (Phil Silvers Show), dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Philip K Wrigley, baseball owner (Chicago Cubs), dies at 82

1980 – Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards and snooker player (b. 1895)

1981 – Joe Louis, [Brown bomber], US heavyweight boxing champion (1937-49), dies at 66

1988 – Alan Stewart Paton, writer, dies

1989 – Abbie Hoffman, yippie peace activist of the 60’s, dies at 52

1989 – Sugar Ray Robinson, heavyweight boxing champ, dies at 67 of Alzheimer

1994 – Harry la Fontaine, Danish/US resistance fighter/producer, dies at 81

1995 – Chris Pyne, trombonist, dies at 56

1996 – William Wilkinson, businessman/conservationist, dies at 63

1997 – George Wald, scientist, dies at 90

1999 – Boxcar Willie, American singer (b. 1931)

2001 – Harvey Ball, American inventor (b. 1921)

2003 – Cecil H. Green, American manufacturer (b. 1900)

2008 – Jerry Zucker, Israeli-born American businessman (b. 1949)

2009 – Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress (b. 1952)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

491 – Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I.

672 – Deusdedit III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1079 – Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland.

1471 – King Edward IV of England conquers London from Henry VI

 

 

 

1512 – Battle at RavennaFrance under Gaston de Foix beat Spanish Army

 

 

 

 

 

1551 – English premier John Dudley appointed duke of Northumberland

1564 – England & France sign Peace of Troyes

1564 – Liege prince-bishop Robert van Bergen resigns

1677 – Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III

1689 – William III & Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain

1713 – Peace of Utrecht; France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain – English, Prussian, Savoois, Portuguese & French peace treaty

1775 – The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place.

 

 

 

1856 – Battle of RivasCosta Rica beats Wm Walker’s invading Nicaraguans

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Rebels surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia-Rebels surrender

1863 – Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)

1865 – Battle of Mobile, AL – evacuated by Confederates

1868 – The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.

1876 – Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks organizes

1876 – Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan

1881 – Spelman College founded

1898 – President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration

1899 – Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US

1900 – US Navy’s 1st submarine made its debut

1906 – Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity

1907 – NY Giant Roger Bresnahan becomes 1st catcher to wear shin guards

1921 – Iowa imposed 1st state cigarette tax

1921 – First sports broadcast on the radio takes place.

1921 – The Emirate of Transjordan is created.

1941 – Germany blitzes Conventry, England

1942 – Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized

1943 – Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft

1945 – SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen

1945 – US captures Tsugen Shima

1947 – Jackie Robinson becomes 1st black in modern major-league baseball

1950 – Prince Rainier III becomes ruler of Monaco

1950 – US B-29 bomber shot down above Latvia

1951 – Pres Harry Truman fires Gen Douglas McArthur

1952 – The Battle of Nanri island takes place.

1955 – The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.

1956 – Singer Nat Cole attacked on stage of Birmingham theater by whites

1957 – Pablo Neruda arrested in Buenos Aires

 

 

 

1957 – Ryan X-13 Vertijet becomes 1st jet to take-off & land vertically

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Adolf Eichmann trial begins in Israel

1962 – New York Mets make a losing debut

1963 – Warren Spahn beats Mets 6-1 for his 328th win (most by a lefty)

1965 – 40 tornadoes strike US midwest killing 272 & injuring 5,000

1966 – 30th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 288

1967 – Harlem (NYC) voters defy Congress & reelect Adam Clayton Powell Jr

1970 – Apollo 13 launched to Moon; unable to land, returns in 6 days

1970 – Beatles’ “Let It Be,” single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks

1972 – Benjamin L Hooks, named to FCC

1976 – The Apple I is created.

1979 – Ugandan dictator Idi Amin overthrown; Tanzania takes Kampala

1981 – Larry Holmes beats Trevor Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1981 – Race riot in London area of Brixton

1981 – Ronald Reagan arrives home from hospital after Hinkley shot him

1983 – NASA launches RCA-F

1986 – Dodge Morgan sailed solo nonstop around world in 150 days

1986 – Halley’s Comet makes closest approach to Earth this trip, 63 M km

1990 – Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.

1992 – Euro-Disney opens near Paris

1992 – Irish Republican Army bombs London financial district, killing 3

1993 – 450 prisoners rioted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio, and continued to do so for ten days, citing grievances related to prison conditions, as well as the forced vaccination of Nation of Islam prisoners (for tuberculosis) against their religious beliefs. It was Easter Sunday.

2001 – The detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, People’s Republic of China after a collision with an J-8 fighter is released.

2006 – Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.

2007 – 2007 Algiers bombings: Two bombings in the Algerian capital of Algiers, kills 33 people and wounds a further 222 others.

2011 – Minsk Metro bombing

2012 – 8.6 magnitude earth quack and 8.2 aftershock occurs off the coast of Indonesia

2012 – 2011 London riot looter is jailed for 11 years after starting a fire at a furniture retailer

 

 

 

Births

146 – Septimius Severus (d. 211)

1370 – Frederick I the Warlike, elector of Saxony

1374 – Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March (d. 1398)

1492 – Marguerite of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre (d. 1549)

1586 – Pietro Della Valle, composer

1661 – Antoine Coypel, French painter/poet

1755 – James Parkinson, English physician (d. 1824)

1770 – George Canning, (C) British PM (1827)

1798 – Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (d. 1854)

1810 – Henry Rawlinson, English scholar (d. 1895)

1837 – Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth, Col (Union Army), died in 1861

1852 – Cap Anson, American baseball player (d. 1922)

1854 – Hugh Massie, cricketer (Australian batsman of the 1880’s)

1862 – Charles Evans Hughs, 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41)

1862 – William W Campbell, US astronomer/director Lick Observatory

1869 – Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)

1873 – Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1955)

1893 – Dean G Acheson, statesman/US Secretary of State (1949-53)

1901 – Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer/manufacturer (typewriter)

1906 – Dale Messick, American cartoonist (d. 2005)

1908 – Leo Rosten, writer/humourist

1908 – Masura Ibuka, industrialist

1910 – Anna Magnani, Ital’s actress (Awakening, Roma)

1913 – Oleg Cassini, Paris France, fashion designer (Jackie Kennedy)

1916 – Howard Koch, producer/director (Frankenstein, Airplane II)

1917 – Danny Gallivan, Canadian radio and television sportscaster (d. 1993)

1919 – Hugh Carey, (Gov-D-NY)

1925 – Ethel Kennedy, wife of Bobby

1930 – Joseph Burnett-Stuart, CEO (Robert Fleming Holdings)

1930 – Nicholas F Brady, US Secretary of Treasury (1988-93)

1932 – F Gregory Neubeck, USAF pilot

1932 – Joel Grey, [Joe Katz], actor (Cabaret, Remo Williams, 7% Solution)

1935 – Richard Kuklinski, American mafia hitman (d. 2006)

1939 – Louise Lasser, NYC, actress (Mary Hartman! Mary Hartman!)

1941 – Frederick “Rick” Hauck, Long Beach Ca, astr (STS-7, STS 51-A, STS-26)

1941 – Ellen Goodman, American political columnist

 

 

 

1944 – John Miliuswriterdirector (Red Dawn1941Big Wednesday)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 – Peter Riegert, NYC, actor (Animal House, Crossing Delancey)

1947 – Meshach Taylor, American actor

1947 – Lev Bulat, Russian physicist

1951 – Robbie House, rocker (Snuff)

1951 – Doris McGowen Beck Angleton, American socialite (d. 1997)

1951 – Paul Fox, English guitarist (The Ruts) (d. 2007)

1952 – Peter Windsor, English motor racing journalist and reporter

1955 – Piers J Sellers, Sussex England, PhD/astronaut

1958 – Sally Clark, Feilding NZ, equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-silver-96)

1958 – William Stuart Adamson, Manchester, rock guitarist (Big Country)

1958 – Brynn Hartman, American murderer (d. 1998)

1961 – Lucky Vanous, Lincoln Nebraska, model (GQ, Diet Coke)

1962 – Vincent Gallo, American actor

1964 – Steve Azar, American singer-songwriter

1964 – Bret Saberhagen, American baseball player

1966 – Lisa Stansfield, English pop singer (Around the World)

1966 – Mason Reese, American actor

1967 – Wendel Suckow, Marquette Mich, luger (Olympics-1994)

1969 – J Nick Adamson, Freeport Bahamas, US laser yachter (Olymp-21st-1996)

1970 – Johnny Messner, American actor

1971 – Oliver Riedel, German musician (Rammstein)

1972 – Balls Mahoney, American professional wrestler

1973 – Jennifer Esposito, American television actor

1974 – Tricia Helfer, Canadian model and actor

1980 – Mark Teixeira, American baseball player

 

 

 

1981 – Alessandra AmbrosioBrazilian model

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – Nicky Pastorelli, Dutch racing driver

1987 – Joss Stone, English singer

1994 – Dakota Blue Richards, English actress

 

 

 

Deaths

678 – Donus, Italian Pope (676-78), dies

1034 – Romanus III Argyrus, Byzantine emperor (1028-34), assasinated by wife

1240 – Llywelyn ab Iorwerth the Great, monarch of Wales (1194-1240), dies

1500 – Michael T Marullus, Greeks poet, drowns

1512 – Gaston de Foix, French pretender to Navarra throne, dies in battle

 

 

 

1554 – Thomas Wyatt the youngerEnglish rebel (b. 1521)

 

 

 

 

 

1626 – Marin Getaldić, Croatian mathematician (b. 1568)

1712 – Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (b. 1638)

1723 – John Robinson, English diplomat (b. 1650)

1839 – John Galt, Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59

1842 – John England, bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies

1856 – Juan Santamaría, national hero of Costa Rica (b. 1831)

1873 – Edward Canby, U.S. general (b. 1817)

1906 – James A Bailey, circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58

1926 – Luther Burbank, American botanist (b. 1849)

1945 – Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish resistance fighter (in Dachau), dies at 29

1947 – Louise Peete, American murderess (b. 1880)

1983 – Dolores Del Rio, actress (Cheyenne Autumn), dies at 78

1985 – Enver Hoxha, party leader/premier of Albania, dies at 76

1985 – Bunny Ahearne, British ice hockey promoter (b. 1900)

1987 – Erskine Caldwell, novelist (Tobacco Road), dies at 83

1987 – Primo Levi, Italy, chemist/writer (Survival in Auschwitz), dies at 67

1994 – Johan Block, Dutch aviation pioneer (Martinair/Transavia), dies at 64

1996 – Jessica Dubroff, hoped to be youngest to fly across US, crashed at 7

2003 – Cecil Howard Green, British geophysicist and businessman (b. 1900)

 

 

 

2006 – June PointerAmerican singer (Pointer Sisters) (b. 1953)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2006 – Proof, American rapper (D12) (b. 1973)

2007 – Roscoe Lee Browne, American actor (b. 1925)

2007 – Kurt Vonnegut, American author (b. 1922)

2007 – Ronald Speirs, American Army officer(CO of Easy Company) (b. 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

Events

837 – Comet 1P/837 F1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0334 AUs of Earth

847 – St Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope

879 – Louis III becomes King of West Francia.

1407 – the lama Deshin Shekpa visits the Ming Dynasty capital at Nanjing. He is awarded with the title Great Treasure Prince of Dharma.

1500 – France captures duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan

1516 – 1st ghetto, Jews are compelled to live in specific area of Venice

1589 – Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg

1694 – Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale

1710 – The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain.

1739 – Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing

 

 

 

1790 – Robert Gray is 1st American to circumnavigate the Earth

 

 

 

 

 

 

1790 – US Patent system forms

1816 – 2nd Bank of US chartered

1825 – 1st hotel in Hawaii opens

1841 – NY “Tribune” begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley

1845 – More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh Pa

1849 – Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400

1856 – The Theta Chi Fraternity is founded at Norwich University.

1858 – The original Big Ben, a 14.5 tonne bell for the Tower of London is cast in Stockton-on-Tees by Warner’s of Cripplegate. This however cracked during testing and was recasted into the 13.76 tonne bell by Whitechapel Bell Foundry and is still in use to date.

1863 – Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn

1864 – Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes emperor of Mexico

1865 – At Appomattox, Gen Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last

1866 – American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms

1868 – British defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala

1869 – Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9

1869 – José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.

1872 – 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans

1872 – 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22

1877 – 1st human cannonball act performed in London

1877 – Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia SC

1882 – Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)

1887 – President Abraham Lincoln’s re-buried with his wife in Springfield Il

1912 – RMS Titanic sets sail for its 1st & last voyage

1916 – 1st professional golf tournament held

1916 – The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.

1917 – Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers

1919 – Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.

1925 – Scribners publishes “The Great Gatsby” by F Scott Fitzgerald

1930 – Synthetic rubber 1st produced

1932 – Paul von Hindenburg elected 1st German president (Hitler is 2nd)

1936 – 200″ mirror blank arrives in Pasadena

1938 – NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license

1940 – Vidkun Quisling forms Norwegian “national government”

1942 – Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland

1944 – Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis

 

 

 

1945 – Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration campBuchenwald (Czech)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Canadian troops conquer Deventer

1945 – US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa

1945 – US troops liberate Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald, Germany

1947 – Jackie Robinson becomes 1st black in major league baseball (Dodgers)

1948 – Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek

1953 – “House of Wax,” 1st 3-D movie, released (NYC)

1955 – Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine

1955 – Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely

1956 – Philips broadcasts 1st Dutch color TV programs

1957 – Suez canal reopens for all traffic

1958 – Northern strip of Spanish Sahara ceded to Morocco

1960 – Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill

1961 – Adolf Eichmann tried as a war criminal in Israel

1962 – NY Yankee Mickey Mantle hits his 375th HR

 

 

 

1963 – USS ThresherUS atomic-powered submarinesinks 220 miles east of Boston

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Demolition begins on Polo Grounds to clear way for housing project

1964 – Iranian motor launch catches fire & sinks killing 113 (Persian Gulf)

1968 – Ferry Wahine sinks in Wellington harbour, New Zealand on route from Lyttelton (51 killed)

1972 – 7.0 earthquake kills 1/5 of population of Iranian province of Fars

1972 – US, USSR & 70 other nations agree to ban biological weapons

1972 – 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas.

1974 – Magicians Penn & Teller 1st meet

1974 – Yitzhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli PM Golda Meir

1979 – J R Richard throws major league record 6 wild pitches in Astrodome

1979 – Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak: A tornado lands in Wichita Falls, Texas killing 42 people.

1981 – Imprisoned IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands elected to Brit Parliament

1983 – Baltimore’s Eddie Murray hits his 1,000 career hit

1983 – Jordan king Hussein ceases negotiations with PLO

1984 – Damaged Solar Max satellite snared by Challenger shuttle

1984 – US Senate condemns CIA mining of Nicaraguan harbors

1986 – Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan

1988 – Herschel Walker performs Fort Worth Ballet

1989 – Intel corp announces shipment of 80-486 chip

1989 – H J Heinz, Van Camp Seafood & Bumble Bee Seafood say they would not buy tuna caught in nets that also trap dolphins

1991 – Boat rams a tanker in Livorno Italy fog, killing about 138

1991 – LA King Wayne Gretzky scores NHL record 93rd playoff goal

1991 – Last automat (coin operated cafeteria) closes (3rd & 42nd St, NYC)

1991 – Martin Zubero swims world record 200m backstroke (1:52.51)

1991 – A rare tropical storm develops in the Southern Hemisphere near Angola; the first to be documented by satellites.

1992 – 25 die in a bus bombing in Sri Lanka

1992 – Floriade (Flower Show) opens at Hague Neth

1995 – NYC bans smoking in all restaurants that seat 35 or more

2012 – United Nations deadline for Syrian troop withdrawal passes as violence continues

2012 – Apple Inc claims a value of $600 billion making it the largest company by market capitalization in the world

2012 – Raymond Aubrac, French Resistance Leader, dies at 97

 

 

 

Births

401 – Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor

1512 – James V, King of Scots (1513-42)

1569 – Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon

1583 – Hugo Grotius, Holland, jurist, father of international law

1651 – Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (d. 1708)

1713 – John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (d. 1788)

1755 – Samuel Hahnemann, German physician/originator of homeopathy

1762 – Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)

1778 – William Hazlitt, Maidstone Kent England, essayist/critic

 

 

 

1794 – Matthew Calbraith PerryCommodoreopened Japan

 

 

 

 

 

 

1796 – James BowieAmerican pioneer and soldier (d. 1836)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1797 – Claude Ambroise Seurat, Troyes France, (World’s skinniest man)

1806 – Leonidas Polk, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1823 – Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1827 – Lewis Wallace, Major General (Union volunteers)/author (Ben Hur)

1829 – William Booth, founder (Salvation Army)

1833 – David McMurtrie Gregg, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1833 – James Edward Rains, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1857 – Henry Ernest Dudeney, mathematician/puzzle maker

1867 – George William Russell, Irish nationalist (d. 1935)

1880 – Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor), (d. 1965)

1880 – Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)

1887 – Bernardo A Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947)

1892 – Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (Rassenkunde)

1903 – Clare Boothe Luce, US ambassador (to Vatican)

1907 – Pete Desjardins, US, platform/springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1928)

1910 – Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (d. 2004)

1912 – Roy Hofheinz, engineer (Houston Astrodome)

1915 – Harry Morgan, Detroit Mich, actor (December Bride, M*A*S*H, Dragnet)

1917 – Robert Burns Woodward, organic chemist (Nobel 1965)

1918 – Lee Bergere, American actor (d. 2007)

1921 – Chuck Connors, Bkln NY, actor (Rifleman, Branded, Cowboy in Africa)

1921 – Sheb Wooley, Erick Oklahoma, vocalist (Purple People Eater, Hee Haw)

1923 – Floyd M Simmons, actor/decathlete (Olympic-bronze-1948, 52)

 

 

 

1926 – “Alvin” Junior SamplesCummings Gacountry singer (Hee Haw)

 

juniorsamples

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 – Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel laureate

1929 – Max Von Sydow, Lund Sweden, actor (Hawaii, Exorcist, Dune, Dreamscape)

1932 – Mae Heriwentha Faggs Starr, NJ, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1952)

1932 – Omar Sharif, [Michael Shalhoub], Egypt, actor (Dr Zhivago, Top Secret)

1933 – Robert Rhodes James, historian (Gallipoli)

1934 – David Halberstam, intl correspondent (NY Times/Pulitzer 1964)

1936 – John Madden, NFL coach (Oakland Raiders)/sports commentator (CBS, FOX)

1936 – Robert “Bobby” Smith, US singer (Spinners)

1937 – Stan Mellor, British racehorse trainer/jockey

1938 – Don Meredith, Mount Vernon Texas, NFL QB (Cowboys)/Mon Night Football

1939 – Daniel Oliver, NYC, CEO (Federal Trade Commission)

1941 – Paul Theroux, American travel book writer (Mosquito Coast)

1944 – Danny Woods, US musician (CEO of the Board)

1945 – Vera Misevich, USSR, equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1980)

1947 – Bunny Wailer, vocalist/percussionist (Bob Marley & Wailers)

 

 

 

1950 – “Lonesome” Dave Peverettrocker (Foghat)

 

peverett

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

1950 – Eddie Hazel, US pop guitarist (Funkadelic-Uncle Jam Wants You)

1950 – Ken Griffey, Sr., American baseball player

1951 – Steven Seagal, Detroit MI, actor (Above the Law, Hard to Kill)

1953 – Terrie Roche, rocker (Roches)

1954 – Peter MacNicol, Dallas TX, actor (Chicago Hope, Sophie’s Choice)

1958 – Ken Griffy, baseball player (Cin Reds, NY Yanks)

1958 – Bob Bell, British engineer

 

 

 

1959 – Brian SetzerMassapequa Park NYrock guitarist/vocalist (Stray Cats)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1961 – Jeb Adams, Hollywood California, actor (Lt Jeb Pruitt-Baa Baa Black Sheep)

1962 – Cathy Turner, Rochester NY, short track skater (Olympics-gold-1994

1963 – Claire Smith, Ottawa Ontario, equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-96)

1963 – Warren DeMartini, heavy metal rocker (Dokken-Alone Again, Ratt)

1964 – Alan “Reni” Wren, English pop drummer (Stone Roses-Fools Gold)

1965 – Karen Booker, WNBA center (Utah Starzz)

1965 – Tim “Herb” Alexander, US funk metal drummer (Primus-Prok soda)

1970 – Wesley Barnett, St Joseph Mo, Oly weightlifter (Pan Am-silver-1987)

1970 – Q-Tip, American musician

1974 – Eric Greitens, American former military officer

1976 – Sara Renner, Canadian cross country skier

1978 – Jessica Davis, Greenbrae California, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-27th-96)

 

 

 

1979 – Shemekia CopelandAmerican blues singer

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1980 – Kasey Kahne, American race-car driver

1981 – Laura Bell Bundy, American actor

1984 – Zoe, Melbourne Australia, 1st frozen-embryo child

1984 – Mandy Moore, American singer/actor

1989 – Haley Joel Osment, LA California, actor (Matt-Jeff Foxworthy Show)

 

 

 

Deaths 

879 – Louis II the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (877-79)

947 – Hugo van Arles, count of Arles/king of Italy, dies

1008 – Notger, bishop of Luik (972-1008), dies

1362 – Machteld, countess of Holland, dies

1533 – Frederik I, King of Denmark/Norway (1523-33), dies at 61

1601 – Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)

1646 – Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)

1706 – Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)

1712 – Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77

1760 – Gerard George Clifford, head of East-Indian Company, dies at 75

1784 – Simon Fokke, book illustrator, dies at 71

1786 – John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)

1813 – Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician and astronomer (b. 1736)

1823 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)

1862 – William Harvey Lamb Wallace, US lawyer/brig-general, dies at 40

1863 – Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77

 

 

 

1919 – Emiliano ZapataMexican leadermurdered at 39

 

emilianoZapata

 

 

 

 

 

 

1920 – Moritz B Cantor, German mathematician, dies at 90

1929 – Edmond Thieffry, Belgium, WW I pilot, dies at 36

1938 – Joe “King” Oliver, American musician (b. 1885)

1945 – Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63

1954 – Auguste Lumière, French photograph/movie pioneer, dies at 81

1954 – Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79

1958 – Chuck Willis, rocker, dies at 30

1962 – Stuart Sutcliffe, bassist (Beatles), dies of brain hemorrhage at 21

 

 

 

1962 – Michael CurtizHungarian-born director (b. 1886)

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Linda Darnell, dies from burns received in a fire at 41

1965 – Lloyd Casner, American race car driver and owner (b. 1928)

1966 – Evelyn Waugh, British writer (Black Mischief), dies at 62

1969 – Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (b. 1893)

1975 – Marjorie Main, actress (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies at 85

1975 – Walker Evans, US photographer (Fortune Magazine), dies at 71

1983 – Ulf S von Euler-Chelpin, Swedish physiologist, dies at 78

1991 – Natalie Schafer, actress (Gilligan’s Island), dies at 90 from cancer

1992 – Sam Kinison, loud mouth comedian, dies in a car crash at 38

1996 – Jessica Dubroff, attempting to be youngest pilot, dies in crash at 7

2000 – Larry Linville, American actor (b. 1939)

2003 – Little Eva, American singer (b. 1943)

2007 – Dakota Staton, American singer (b. 1930)

2010 – Dixie Carter, an American actress (b.1939)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

193 – Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).

475 – Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.

715 – Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1241 – Battle of Liegnitz – Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans

1388 – Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army

1413 – Henry V is crowned King of England.

1440 – Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.

1483 – Edward V (12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England (never crowned). Disappears, presumed murdered same year.

1682 – Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France

1783 – Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India

1816 – African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Phila)

1829 – Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200

1831 – Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain & Spain

1833 – 1st tax-supported public library (Peterborough, NH)

1864 – Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities

1865 – General Robert E Lee and 26,765 troopssurrender at Appomattox Court House in Virginia to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant

1866 – Civil Rights Bill passes over Pres Andrew Johnson’s veto

1869 – Hudson Bay Company cedes it’s territory to Canada

1870 – American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves

1909 – The U.S. Congress passes the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act.

1912 – 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)

1912 – Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for NY

1913 – Brooklyn Dodger’s Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0

1914 – “World, the Flesh & the Devil,” 1st color film, shown in London

1914 – Tampico incident – US ship crew arrested in Mexico

1917 – Battle of Arras begins

1917 – Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops

1925 – Babe Ruth rushed to hospital

1927 – Italy & US anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti given death sentences

1928 – Turkey passes separation of church & state

1939 – Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at Lincoln Memorial

1940 – German cruiser Blucher torpedoed/capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die

1940 – Germany invades Norway & Denmark during WW II (Denmark surrenders)

1941 – PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame

1942 – Battle of BataanUS-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japs at Bataan

1945 – Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel

1945 – Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360

1945 – World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends.

1947 – Atomic Energy Commission confirmed

1947 – Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300

1950 – Bob Hope’s 1st TV appearance

1953 – “TV Guide” publishes 1st issue

1953 – Jomo Kenyatta sentenced to 7 years in Kenya

1953 – Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax.

1957 – Suez Canal cleared for all shipping

1959 – NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury

1960 – South African premier Verwoerd wounded in battle

1962 – JFK throws out 1st ball at Washington’s new DC Stadium

1963 – Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen

1967 – 1st Boeing 737 rolls out

1967 – The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.

1968 – Martin Luther King Jr, buried in Atlanta

1969 – 1st flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol)

1974 – Padres owner Ray Kroc, addresses fans “Ladies & gentlemen, I suffer with you I’ve never seen such stupid baseball playing in my life”

1976 – US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use

1978 – David Thompson scores ties 3rd highest total in the NBA – 73

1979 – Longest doubles ping-pong match of 101 hrs, begins

1981 – US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru

1986 – “Dallas” announces it will revive killed Bobby Ewing character

1987 – For 3rd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 goals in a Stanley Cup game Wayne Gretzky passes Jean Beliveau as all time playoff scoring champ

1988 – US imposes economic sanctions on Panama

1989 – Mike Tyson strikes a parking attendant when asked to move his car

1989 – Rickey Henderson steals his 800th career base in NY’s 4-3 loss to Clev

1989 – Scott Hoch chokes on 18 inch putt & loses Masters golf tournament

1992 – John Majors, (C) elected PM of England

1992 – Noriega convicted on 8 of 10 drug & racketeering charges

1992 – Record 18 golfers shoot in 60s in Masters round 1 (old record 12)

1992 – US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of drugs

1993 – Colorado Rockies 1st home game & 1st victory, 11-4 over Mont Expos

2003 – Baghdad falls to U.S. forces resulting in widespread looting

2011 – A gunman murdered five people, injured eleven, and committed suicide in a mall in the Netherlands.

2012 – The Lion King becomes highest grossing Broadway show after overtaking The Phantom of the Opera

Births

1336 – Tamerlane (Timur), Central AsianTurkic conqueror (d. 1405)

Tamerlane

1498 – John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman (d. 1550)

1597 – John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (d. 1670)

1648 – Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat (d. 1720)

1770 – Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (d. 1831)

1794 – Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (d. 1881)

1806 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel, designer of 1st transatlantic steamer

1812 – Randolph Barnes Marcy, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1887

1865 – Erich Ludendorff, general (Germany)

1888 – Sol Hurok, theatrical impresario

1889 – Efrem Zimbalist, Rostov on Don Russia, composer/violinist

1895 – Mance LipscombTexasblues musician (Texas Sharecropper)

VIDEOS

1898 – Earl “Curly” Lambeau, NFL coach (GB Packers)

1898 – Paul Robeson, Philadelphia, singer (Old Man River)/actor/footballer

1903 – Gregory Pincus, inventor (birth control pill) [or Nov 9]

 

 

 

1903 – Ward BondDenver Coloactor (SethWagon Trains)

VIDEOS

1905 – J William Fulbright, (Sen-D-Ark)

1911 – Lord Deramore, architect

1918 – Jorn Utzon, Danish architect (Sydney Opera House)

1919 – John Presper Eckert, co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC)

1920 – Art Van Damme, Norway Mich, jazz accordionist (Chicago Jazz)

1921 – Jean-Marie Balestre, French motorsports official (FIA) (d. 2008)

1922 – Michael Palliser, head of British diplomatic service

1925 – Michael Richardson, vice CEO (N M Rotschild)

1926 – Hugh Hefner, [Marston], Chicagp, magazine publisher (Playboy)

1930 – F. Albert Cotton, American chemist (d. 2007)

1930 – Nathaniel Branden, Canadian psychotherapist

1932 – Carl Perkins, Jackson Tn, singer/songwriter (Blue Suede Shoes)

1932 – Jim Fowler, Albany Ga, naturalist (Wild Kingdom)

1932 – Paul Krassner, comic strip cartoonist (MAD Magazine)/founder (Yippies)

1932 – Cheeta, chimpanzee actor

1933 – Jean-Paul Belmondo, Paris France, actor (Casino Royale, Magnifique)

1935 – Avery Schreiber, Chicago Ill, comedian (My Mother the Car)

1937 – Barrington J[ohn] Bayley, UK, sci-fi author (Collision Course)

1939 – Michael Learned, Wash DC, actress (Olivia-Waltons, Nurse)

1942 – Galina A Kulakova, USSR, nordic skier (Olympic-3 golds-1972)

1949 – Chico Ryan, rock vocalist (Sha Na Na)

1949 – Steve Gaddjazz drummer (Triplet HopComplex Jazz)

VIDEOS

1953 – Hal Ketchum, Greenwich NY, country singer (Small Town Saturday Night)

1954 – Dennis Quaid, Houston TX, actor (Big Easy, Dreamscape, Right Stuff)

1954 – Iain Duncan Smith, British politician

1957 – Severiano Ballesteros, Spain, golfer (British Open 1979, 84, 88)

1963 – Joe Scarborough, American television personality

1965 – Paolo Cane, Itaty, tennis star

1965 – Paulina PorizkovaProstejov Czechmodel , actress

1965 – Jeff Zucker, American television executive

1965 – Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted murderer (d. 2002)

1966 – Cynthia Nixon, NYC, actress (Addams Family Values, Pelican Brief)

1969 – Amy Feng, Tianjin China, US table tennis player (Olympics-96)

1971 – Wang Yang, youngest Olympic record breaker at age 17 (Oly-1988)

1972 – Karen Clark, Calgary Alberta, synchro swimmer (Olympics-silver-96)

1974 – Sharon Pelletier, Madawaska Maine, Miss America-Maine (1996)

1974 – Alexander Pichushkin, Russian serial killer

1977 – Gerard Way, American musician (My Chemical Romance)

1979 – Keshia Knight Pulliam, Newark NJ, actress (Rudy-Crosby)

1979 – Albert Hammond, Jr., American guitarist (The Strokes)

1980 – Kristin Lee, Bethesda Md, rhythmic gymnast (US team-96)

1981 – Eric Harris, Columbine High School shooter (d. 1999)

1986 – Leighton Meester, American actress

1990 – Kristen Stewart, Los Angeles, California, American actress (Bella Swan-The Twilight Saga)

1998 – Elle Fanning, American Actress

Deaths

93 – Yuan An, Minister over the Masses of the Han dynasty

491 – Zeno, Byzantine Emperor

715 – Constantine I, Greek/Syrian Pope (708-15), dies

1024 – Benedict VIII, [Theophylactus van Tusculum], Pope (1012-24), dies

1137 – William X, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1099)

1484 – Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales (b. 1473), son of Richard III King of England

1553 – Francois Rabelais, French author (Gargantua/Pantagruel), dies at 49

1626 – Francis BaconEnglish statesman and philosopherdies from pneumonia at 65

1747 – Simon Fraser, 12th baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England

1754 – Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75

1806 – William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic dies at 58

1807 – John Opie, Engl painter/illustrator: Shakespeare gallery, dies at 45

1850 – William Prout, physician/chemist, dies

1852 – John Howard Payneactor/playwright (Fair Warning), dies

1862 – George W Johnson, US planter/Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50

1865 – Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32

1872 – Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (b. 1794)

1882 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53

1889 – Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)

1917 – Edward Thomas, poet, killed in WW I

1944 – Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)

1945 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged

1945 – Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, “July 20th plot”, hanged

1945 – Hans von Dohnanyi, “July 20th plotter”, hanged

1945 – Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged

1945 – Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)

1951 – Vilhelm F K Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology, dies at 89

1959 – Frank Lloyd Wright, US architect (Guggenheim Museum NY), dies at 89

1962 – Juan Belmonte, famed bullfighter, dies at 70

1970 – Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (b. 1896)

1982 – Robert H G Havemann, German chemist/dissident, dies

 

 

 

1988 – Brook Bentonsinger (Just a Matter of Time), dies at 56 of meningitis

brook%20benton-5

VIDEOS

1988 – Dave Prater, rocker (Sam & Dave), dies in a car crash at 50

1991 – Maurice Binder, title designer (James Bond Movies), dies at 73

1994 – Keith Watson, British comic strip artist (Dan Dare), dies at 59

1996 – James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls), dies at 81

1996 – Richard Thomas Condon, author, dies at 81

2002 – Leopold Vietoris, Austrian mathematician (b. 1891)

2010 – Aladár Kovácsi, Hungarian modern pentathlon olimpic champion (1952, Helsinki) (b. 1932)

2011 – Sidney Lumet, American film director (b. 1924)

2012 – Mark Lenzi, American Olympic Diver, dies from hypertension at 43

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