Category: Education


Today In The Past

 

 

Events

305 – Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor.

1006 – Supernova observed by Chinese & Egyptians in constellation Lupus

1048 – Bishop Bernold flees St Pieterskerk for Utrecht Neth

1328 – Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton – the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.

1394 – Ekiho, exorcised the Zen temple & it’s surroundings from an old badger

1523 – Danish king Christian III arrives in Veere

1528 – Pánfilo the Narváez begins exploration with 350 men to Florida

1544 – Turkish troops occupy Hungary

1551 – Council of Trente resumes

1598 – Jacob van Necks merchant fleet departs for Java

1625 – Portuguese & Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)

1682 – Louis XIV & his court inaugurates Paris Observatory

1703 – Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians

1707 – England, Wales & Scotland form UK of Great Britain

1715 – Prussia declares war on Sweden

1751 – 1st American cricket match is played

1753 – Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.

 

 

 

1776 – Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati

 

 

 

 

 

 

1778 – American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.

1785 – Kamehameha, the king of Hawaiʻi defeats Kalanikupule and establishes the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi

1822 – John Phillips becomes 1st mayor of Boston

1840 – 1st adhesive postage stamps (“Penny Blacks” from England) issued

1841 – 1st emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri for Calif

1844 – Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate

1846 – Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world

1848 – The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.

1857 – William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy

1861 – Lee orders Confederate troops under T J Jackson to Harper’s Ferry

1862 – Union captain David Farragut conquers New Orleans

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of ChancellorsvilleVA (29,000 injured or died)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi

1863 – Confederate “National Flag” replaces “Stars & Bars”

1864 – -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)

1864 – Atlanta campaign, GA begins

1867 – Howard University chartered

1867 – Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration

1869 – Folies Bergere opens in Paris

1873 – 1st US postal card issued

 

 

 

1875 – 238 members of “Whiskey Ring” accused of anti-US activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

1883 – “Buffalo Bill” Cody put on his 1st Wild West Show

1884 – Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)

1889 – Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form (Germany)

1891 – Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland’s League Park Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

1898 – George Dewey commands, “You may fire when you are ready, Gridley” as US route Spanish fleet at Manila

1900 – Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah

1901 – Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League

1908 – World’s most intense shower (2.47″ in 3 minutes) at Portobelo Panama

1912 – Beverly Hills Hotel opens

1915 – British Lusitania leaves NY, for Liverpool

1919 – Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages

1920 – Babe Ruth’s 1st Yankee HR & 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds

1922 – Charlie Robertson of Chicago pitches a perfect no-hit, no-run game

1925 – A’s Jimmie Foxx, 17, 1st game; he pinch-hits a single

1926 – Brooklyn Dodgers & Boston Braves deadlock at 1-1 in 26 innings

1926 – Satchel Paige makes pitching debut in Negro Southern League

1927 – 1st British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)

1928 – Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service

1929 – Brooklyn’s Johnny Finn sets 100 yard sack race in 14.4 seconds

 

 

 

1931 – Empire State Building opens in NYC

 

 

 

 

 

 

1931 – Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS

1935 – Boulder Dam completed

1935 – Canada’s 1st silver dollar is circulated

1936 – FBI’s J Edgar Hoover arrests Alvin Karpis

1937 – FDR signs act of neutrality

1939 – Batman comics hit street

1939 – Pulitzer Prize awarded to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Yearling)

1941 – “Citizen Kane,” directed & starring Orson Welles, premieres in NY

1941 – General Mills introduces Cheerios

1941 – German assault on Tobruk

1942 – Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear “Jewish star”

1943 – 1st edition of illegal “The Free Artist” appears in Amsterdam

1943 – 69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:04

1943 – Food rationing begins in US

1943 – German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta

1945 – 900 occupiers of Demmin Vorpommeren, commit suicide

1945 – Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government

1945 – Australian & Dutch troops lands on Tarakan

1945 – Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II

1946 – Fieldmarshal Montgomery appointed British supreme commander

1946 – Mrs Emma Clarissa Clement named “American Mother of Year”

1947 – Lt General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, ends term as 2nd head of CIA

1947 – Radar for coml & private planes 1st demonstrated

1947 – Rear Admiral Roscoe H Hillenkoetter, USN, becomes 3th director of CIA

1948 – 74th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Citation wins in 2:05.4

1948 – North Korean proclaims itself People’s Democratic Republic of Korea

1948 – Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham Alabama for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked “for Negroes”

1949 – A’s Elmer Valo is 1st AL’er to hit 2 bases-loaded triples in a game

1949 – Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (2nd satellite of Neptune)

1950 – Gwendolyn Brooks, is 1st Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize (poetry)

1950 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Rodgers & Hammerstein (South Pacific)

1951 – 600,000 march for peace & freedom in Germany

1951 – Mickey Mantle’s 1st HR

1952 – Marines take part in an atomic explosion training in Nevada

1952 – Mr Potato Head, introduced

1952 – TWA introduces tourist class

1954 – 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York aboard Determine wins in 2:03

1955 – Bob Feller’s 15th 1 or less hitter (12 1-hitters, 3 no-hitters)

1956 – A doctor in Japan reports an “epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system”, marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.

1957 – Larry King’s 1st radio broadcast

1957 – US give Poland credit of $95 million

1957 – Vanguard TV-1 booster test reaches 195 km

1959 – Floyd Patterson KOs Brian London in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

1959 – West Germany introduces 5 day work week

 

 

 

1960 – Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers‘ U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – 1st US airplane hijacked to Cuba

1961 – Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba

1961 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee (To Kill a Mockingbird)

1962 – Bo Belinsky pitches a no-hitter, in his 4th start

1962 – JFK authorizes Area Redevelopment Act (ARA)

1963 – 1st American (James Whittaker) conquers Mount Everest

1964 – 1st BASIC program runs on a computer (Dartmouth)

1965 – 91st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker on Lucky Debonair wins in 2:01.2

1965 – USSR launches Luna 5; later impacts on Moon

1965 – Battle of Dong-Yin, a naval conflict between ROC and PRC, takes place.

1966 – Last British concert by Beatles (Empire Pool in Wembley)

1967 – Anastasio Somoza Debayle becomes president of Nicaragua

1967 – Elvis Presley & Priscilla Beaulieu wed in Las Vegas

1969 – 43 Unification church couples wed in NYC

1969 – Leonard Tose buys NFL Philadelphia Eagles for $16,155,000

1969 – Pirate Radio Station 259 (England/France) begins transmitting

1971 – 97th Kentucky Derby: Gustavo Avila on Canonero II wins in 2:03.2

1971 – Amtrak Railroad begins operation

1971 – Rolling Stones release “Brown Sugar”

1972 – Radio’s Mutual Black Network premieres

1978 – Naomi Uemura became 1st to reach North Pole overland alone

1979 – Elton John becomes 1st pop star to perform in Israel

1979 – Marshall Islands (in Pacific) become self-governing

1981 – Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) convicted on FBI Abscam charges

1981 – Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3

1982 – 108th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye on Gato Del Sol wins in 2:02.4

1982 – 1982 World’s Fair in Knoxville Tennessee opens

1983 – Nolan Ryan surpasses Walter Johnson for most strikeouts (3,508)

1985 – US president Reagan ends embargo against Nicaragua

1986 – Bill Elliott sets stock car speed record of 212.229 mph

1986 – Tass reports Chernobyl nuclear power plant mishap

1986 – Will Stegers expedition reaches North Pole

1987 – 46 HRs hit in 13 baseball games

1988 – IRA attack in Roermond, kills 3

1989 – 135 acre Disney’s MGM studio officially opens to public

1989 – US Supreme Court rules employees have legal burden to prove non- discriminatory reasons for not hiring or promoting

1991 – Angola’s civil war ends

1991 – Rickey Henderson breaks Lou Brocks record with his 939th steal

1991 – Texas Ranger Nolan Ryan pitches record 7th no hitter (beats Toronto 3-0)

1991 – Skin-Spit-Skin featuring lesbian, homosexual & hetrosexual nude couples caressing, is seen by 5,000 in NYC

1992 – Eric Houston kills 4 in a California HS where he failed history 4 yrs prior

1992 – Rickey Henderson steals his 1,000th base

1993 – 119th Kentucky Derby: Jerry Bailey aboard Sea Hero wins in 2:02.4

1993 – Bomb attack on Sri Lankan president (26 die)

1994 – -3] Tornado & hail storms hit Jiangxi China, 95 killed

1994 – Charles Kuralt, retires as CBS newsman (On the Road)

1995 – Croatian forces launch Operation Flash during the Croatian War of Independence.

1997 – Tony Blair elected PM of UK

2000 – Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declares the existence of “a state of rebellion”, hours after thousands of supporters of her arrested predecessor, Joseph Estrada, storm towards the presidential palace at the height of the EDSA III rebellion.

2003 – 2003 invasion of Iraq: In what becomes known as the “Mission Accomplished” speech, U.S. President George W. Bush declares that “major combat operations in Iraq have ended” on board the USS Abraham Lincoln off the coast of California.

2006 – The Puerto Rican government closes the Department of Education and 42 other government agencies due to significant shortages in cash flow.

2007 – The Los Angeles May Day mêlée occurs, in which the Los Angeles Police Department’s response to a May Day pro-immigration rally become a matter of controversy.

2010 – Car bomb fails to go off in Times Square, New York City

2012 – Guggenheim Partners make the largest ever purchase of a sports franchise after buying the Los Angeles Dodgers for $2.1 billion

 

 

 

Births

1218 – John I, Count of Hainaut (d. 1257)

1218 – Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1291)

1238 – Magnus VI Lagabuter, King of Norway (1263-80)

1285 – Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1326)

1545 – Franciscus Junius, [Francois du Jon], French/Neth calvinist theologist

1592 – Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionaries/astronomer

1672 – Joseph Addison, England, essayist (Spectator)

1735 – John H van Kinsbergen, Dutch lt-admiral/founder of Dutch Marines Corp

1738 – Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819) (d. 1819)

1759 – Jacob Albright, [Albrecht], German/US predictor

 

 

 

1764 – Benjamin Henry Latrobeengineer/architect (built Capitol)

 

Latrobe

 

 

 

 

 

 

1769 – Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory) (1828-30)

1800 –  Thomas Aloysius Dornin, Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874

1807 – John Bankhead “Prince John” Magruder, Major General (Confederate Army)

1819 – William Steele, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885

1835 – Alfred Napoleon Alexander “Natti” Duffie, Brig Gen (Union volunteers)

1839 – Chardonnet, inventor (rayon)

 

 

 

1852 – Calamity Jane , frontier adventurer/indian fighter

 

 

 

 

 

 

1872 – Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)

1884 – Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, British politician, naval officer and racing driver (d. 1964)

1887 – Alan Gordon Cunningham, Irish/Brit gen/director of Palestine (1945-48)

1896 – Mark Wayne Clark, American general (d. 1984)

1896 – J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)

1898 – Eugene R Black, US, Pres of World Bank (1953-62)

1907 – Kate Smith, American singer (d. 1986)

1909 – Ethel Jane Cain, original UK Speaking Clock voice

1910 – Cliff Battles, Akron Oh, NFL hall of famer (Braves, Redskins)

1913 – Louis Nye, American comedian and actor (d. 2005)

1915 – Archie Williams, American athlete (d. 1993)

1916 – Glenn Ford, Quebec Canada, actor (Cade’s County, Big Heat, Midway)

1918 – Jack Paar, Canton Ohio, American television host of the Jack Paar Show (d. 2004)

1921 – 12th Lord Middleton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1923 – Joseph Heller, Bkln NY, novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award)

1924 – Patricia Roberts Harris, 1st US black woman cabinet member

1924 – Terry Southern, writer

1925 – Malcolm Scott Carpenter, Boulder Colo, astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7)

1927 – Greta Andersen, Denmark, 100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1948)

1929 – Sonny James, [James Loden], Hackelburg AL, rocker (Young Love)

 

 

 

1930 – Little Walter, [Marion Walter Jacobs], Bluesman , Harp Player

 

Little Walter

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1939 – Judy Collins, Seattle Wash, singer (Send in the Clowns, Clouds)

1939 – Max Robinson, Richmond Virginia, American broadcast journalistr (ABC Evening News) (d. 1988)

1940 – Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer

1944 – Rita Coolidge, Nashville Tn, singer (Higher & Higher, We’re All Alone)

1946 – Jerry Weiss, NYC, rocker (Blood Sweat & Tears)

1946 – Joanna Lumley, Kashmir India, actress (Abs Fab, OHM’s Secret Service)

1946 – Nick Fortune, [Nicholas Fortuna], rock bassist (Buckinghams Chicago)

1946 – Tony Ashton, rocker

1946 – Valentin Muratov, USSR, floor exercise gymnist (Olympic-gold-1956)

1946 – John Woo, Hong Kong director

1947 – Carlos Ward, rocker (B T Express)

1948 – James Wise, US soul singer (Archie Bell & the Drells)

1949 – Margo Miller, SF California, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1949 – Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers

1954 – Joel Rosenberg, science fiction author

1957 – Dick Swett, (Rep-D-New Hampshire)

1957 – Paul D Ronney, LA California, ScD/astronaut (STS 83 alt)

1961 – Steven Cauthen, jockey (1978 Kentucky Derby-Affirmed)

1964 – Ruth Picardie, journalist

1966 – Johnny Colt, Cherry Point NC, rock bassist (Black Crowes)

1967 – Yael Arad, Israel, Women’s half middleweight judoka (Oly-1996)

1967 – Tim McGraw, American musician

1968 – D’arcy Wretzky, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)

1969 – Wes Anderson, American director and writer

1975 – Jodhi May, London, British actress (A World Apart, The Other Boleyn Girl)

1980 – Jan Heylen, Belgian racing driver

1983 – The Human Tornado (Craig Williams), American professional wrestler

 

 

 

Deaths

408 – Arcadius, Eastern Roman emperor (b. 337/338)

1118 – Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)

1171 – Dermot MacMurrough, last Irish King of Leinster, dies

1240 – Jacques de Vitry, Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals

1277 – Stefanus IV Uros I de Great, King of Serbia (1243-76), dies

1308 – Albrecht I van Habsburg, German King (1298-1308), murdered

1447 – Louis VII, Duke of Baveria (1413-43), dies

 

 

 

1539 – Isabella of Portugalqueen of Spain and empress of Germany (b. 1503)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1572 – Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri], great-inquisiteur/Pope (1566-72), dies

1700 – John Dryden, English poet/playwright (Rival Ladies), dies

1731 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)

1813 – Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)

1863 – Edward Dorr Tracy, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 29

 

 

 

1873 – David LivingstoneBritish physician/explorer (Africa), dies at 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

1899 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)

1902 – John Glover, English chemist (production sulfuric acid), dies at 85

1904 – Antonín Dvorak, Czech composer (Slavic Dancing), dies at 62

1913 – John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)

1945 – Paul Josef Goebbels, Nazi minister on propoganda, commits suicide

1947 – Sanner, leader of Norger blood bath, executed

 

 

 

1965 – Spike Jonescomposer (Spike Jones Show), dies at 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Aram Katchaturian, Russian composer (The Earth), dies at 74

1991 – Richard Thorpe, director (Jailhouse Rock, Night Must Fall), dies

1994 – Ayrton Senna, Brazilian Grand prix driver, dies in crash at 34

1997 – Bebe, AKA Flipper, dolphin, dies at 40

1998 – Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (b. 1935)

2000 – Steve Reeves, American actor (b. 1926)

2003 – Miss Elizabeth, American wrestler (b. 1960)

2006 – Big Hawk, American rapper (b.1969)

2006 – Johnny Paris, American saxophonist (Johnny and the Hurricanes) (b. 1940)

2008 – Deborah Jeane Palfrey, Washington, D.C. prostitution service owner (b. 1956)

2009 – Danny Gans, Canadian-born Las Vegas entertainer (b. 1956)

2012 – Charles “skip” Pitts, American soul and blues guitarist, dies from lung cancer at 65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

311 – Emperor Galerius legal recognizes Christians in the Roman Empire

313 – Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.

711 – Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).

1064 – German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland

1315 – Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon.

1349 – Jewish community at Radolszell Germany, exterminated

1396 – Crusaders & earl of Nevers depart from Dijon

1483 – Orbital calculations suggest that on this day, Pluto moved inside Neptune’s orbit until July 23, 1503.

1492 – Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet

1492 – Spain announces it will expels all Jews

1562 – 1st French colonists in US: Jean Ribault & colonists arrive in Florida

1598 – 1st theater performance in America (Spanish comedy-Rio Grande)

1671 – Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.

1722 – Game of Billiards is mentioned in New England Courant

1772 – John Clais patents 1st scale

1789 – George Washington inaugurated as 1st president of US

1794 – The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.

1798 – Dept of Navy forms

1803 – US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)

1808 – 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri

1812 – (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state

1838 – Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation

1859 – Charles Dickens’ “A Tale Of Two Cities” is first published in literary periodical All the Year Round, continues in weekly installments until Nov 26

1860 – Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)

1861 – President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory

1862 – Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes

 

 

 

1863 – Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.

 

les_fetes_camerone

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Jenkin’s Ferry, Arkansas; Gen W R Scurry is killed

1864 – New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee

1865 – -5/1] Gen Shermans “Haines’s Bluff” at Snyder’s Mill, Virginia

1871 – The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die

1885 – Boston Pops Orchestra forms

1888 – Hail stones kills about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi

1889 – 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington’s inauguration

1889 – George Washington Bridge linking NYC & NJ opens

1900 – 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match

1900 – USA annexes Hawaii

1900 – Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.

1904 – Ice cream cone makes its debut

1911 – Portugal approves woman suffrage

1925 – Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity.

1937 – The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.

1939 – NBC/RCA 1st public TV demo with FDR at opening of NY World’s Fair

1942 – 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi

1943 – Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms

1945 – “Arthur Godfrey Time” begins a 27 year run on CBS radio

1945 – Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed

1945 – Lord Haw-Haw calls for crusade against the bolsheviks

1945 – Red Army occupies Demmin

1945 – Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin

1945 – Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp

1947 – Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover

1952 – Mr Potato Head is 1st toy advertised on television

1953 – Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League

1955 – Element 101, Mendelevium, announced

1955 – Imperial Bank of India nationalized

1958 – Ted Williams is 10th major league player to get 1,000 extra-base hits

1961 – Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize

1961 – SF Giant Willie Mays hits 4 HRs in a game

1962 – NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 75,190 m

1962 – Willie Mays hits 4 HRs

1967 – Highest tower to the world finished, 537m (USSR)

1970 – US troops invade Cambodia

1973 – Nixon announces resignation of Haldeman, Ehrlichman, et al

1974 – Pres Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings

1975 – Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders

1976 – Muhammad Ali beats Jimmy Young in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1980 – Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London

1980 – Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, abdicates

1982 – Iranian offensive in Khusistan

1984 – 1700 skiers participate in an alpine event at Are Sweden

1987 – NY Islander Mike Bossy plays his final game

1988 – Largest banana split ever, at 455 miles long, was made in Penns

1989 – Critics Siskel & Ebert film their 500th TV movie-review show

1990 – US 66th manned space mission STS 31 (Discovery 10) returns from space

1990 – US hostage Frank Reed freed after 4 years in hands of pro-Iranians

1991 – In Bangladesh a cyclone killed over 131,000 & left 9 million homeless

1992 – 208th & final episode of Cosby Show on NBC-TV

1997 – Big Ben stops at 12:11 PM for 54 minutes

1997 – Tino Martinez hits record 34 RBIs in April

2004 – U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.

2008 – Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters.

2009 – Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

2009 – The United Kingdom formally ends combat operations in Iraq.

2012 – The unfinished One World Trade Center overtakes the Empire State building to become the tallest building in New York

2012 – Spain’s economy double dips after a 0.3% contraction and 25% unemployment rate

2012 – Overloaded ferry in the Brahmaputra River,India, killing 103 people

 

 

 

 

Births

1245 – King Philip III of France (d. 1285)

1309 – Kazimierz III de Great, King of Poland (1333-70)

1553 – Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont, queen of France (d. 1601)

1602 – William Lilly, England, astrologer/author/almanac compiler

1651 – Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest/theorist/saint

1723 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (d. 1806)

1770 – David Thompson, English/Canadian explorer (Columbia River)

1777 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, world’s great mathematician

1805 – William Kerley Strong, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1830 – Davis Tillson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1876 – Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (d. 1937)

1877 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion of Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)

1893 – Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister (d. 1946)

 

 

 

1896 – Rev Gary DavisLaurens SCblues/folk guitarist (A Little More Faith)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1896 – Hans List, Austrian inventor (d. 1996)

1901 – Simon Kuznets, Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)

1910 – Al Lewis, actor (Leo-Car 54, Grandpa-Munsters)

1912 – Eve Arden, Mill Valley California, actress (Connie-Our Miss Brooks)

1912 – Manuel Gutierrez Mellado, soldier/politician

1924 – Sheldon Harnick, Chicago, lyricist (Fiorello, Fiddler on the Roof)

1925 – Johnny Horton, American musician (d. 1960)

1926 – Cloris Leachman, Des Moines Iowa, actress (Last Picture Show, Phyllis)

1926 – Edmund Cooper, UK, sci-fi author (Seed of Light, All Fool’s Day)

1927 – Lars Hall, Sweden, Pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1952)

1933 – Willie Nelson, Abbott Texas, country singer (On the Road Again)

 

 

 

1938 – Larry NivenUSsci-fi author (5 HugoNeutron Star)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – Burt Young, NYC, actor (Convoy, Rocky)

1941 – Johnny Farina, rocker (Santo & Johnny)

1944 – Jill Clayburgh, NYC, actress (Unmarried Woman, Semi-Tough)

1945 – Annie Dillard, American writer (An American Childhood)

1945 – Michael J Smith, Beaufort NC, Cmdr USN, astr (51L-Challenger disaster)

1946 – Donald Schollander, Charlotte NC, swimmer (Olympic-4 gold-64)

1946 – Bill Plympton, American animator

1952 – Tom Pesek, PC programmer (creator of HAL 9000 program)

1954 – Jane Campion, New Zealand film director

1956 – Lars von Trier, Danish film director

1957 – Duane G Carey, St Paul Minn, major USAF/astronaut

1959 – Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada

1960 – David Miscavige, American cult leader

1969 – Joey Restivo, Brooklyn, rocker (Linear-I Never Felt This Way, Lies)

1970 – Brad Layton, Seymour Ind, rower (Olympics-1996)

1975 – Beverley Peele, model [or Apr 7]

1975 – Elliott Sadler, American race car driver

1982 – Kirsten Dunst, Point Pleasant, New Jersey, American actress (Interview with the Vampire, Spider-Man)

1983 – Tatjana Hüfner, German luger

1985 – Ashley Alexandra Dupré, American singer and call girl

1988 – Molloko, SD Zoo, 1st California condor chick conceived in captivity

 

 

 

Deaths

65 – LucanRoman poet (b. 39)

 

 

 

 

 

 

313 – Gaius G V Maximus, [Daia], Emperor of Rome, dies

535 – Amalaswintha, queen of Ostrogoten, murdered

1030 – Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G’widen)/Islamic ruler, dies

1063 – Emperor Renzong of China (b. 1010)

1131 – Adjutor, Roman Catholic Saint

1196 – Boudouin II, bishop of Utrecht (1178-96), dies

1214 – Huguccio/Hugo van Pisa, Italian bishop, dies

1328 – Eckhard, German theologist/mystic, dies

1341 – John III, Duke of Brittany (b. 1285)

1439 – Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b. 1382)

1524 – Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, French soldier (b. 1473)

1544 – Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England

1632 – Jean de Tilly, fieldmarshal, dies

1696 – Robert Plot, British naturalist (b. 1640)

1736 – Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer (b. 1668)

1784 – Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies

1792 – John Montague 4th Earl of Sandwich, English Naval minister, dies at 73

 

 

 

1828 – Shakathe great Zulu Kingkilled

 

 

 

 

 

 

1829 – George Washington Adams, son of John Q Adams, dies on City Is NYC

1841 – Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (b. 1758)

1865 – Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and meteorologist (b. 1805)

1875 – Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)

1883 – Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter dies at 61

1900 – John Luther (Casey) Jones, dies in Cannonball Express train wreck

1903 – Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (b.1831)

1943 – Beatrice Potter Webb, British writer (My Apprenticeship), dies at 85

1945 – Adolph Hitler, German dictator (1936-45), commits suicide at 56

1945 – Eva Braun, mistress/wife of Hitler, commits suicide at 33

1966 – Richard Farina, American writer and folk rocker, dies on his birthday in a motorcycle accident

1970 – Inger Stevens, actress (Katy-Farmer’s Daughter), commits suicide at 35

1972 – Gia Scala, actress (Garment Jungle, I Aim at the Stars), dies at 38

1982 – Lester Bangs, American music journalist, author, and musician (b. 1949)

1983 – George Balanchine, Russian/US ballet composer/choreographer, dies from Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease at 79

 

 

 

1983 – Muddy Waters, US blues singer/guitarist (Mad Love), dies at 70

 

Birthday Tribute Here

 

 

 

 

1984 – Arthur T “Bomber” Harris, bombed nazi-Germany, dies

1989 – Sergio Leone, Italian director (Good, Bad & Ugly), dies at 60

1991 – George Sperti Sperti, inventor (Preparation H), dies at 91

1992 – Daan van Driel, Dutch cartoonist/WWII resist fighter (Trouw), dies

1994 – Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian race car driver, dies in crash at 31

2003 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand race car driver (b. 1956)

2006 – Lawrence Patrick, Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject

2007 – Tom Poston, American actor (b. 1921)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1091 – Battle at Monte Levunium: Emperor Alexius I beats Petshegenes

 

 

 

1429 – Joan of Arc leads OrleansFranceto victory over English

 

 

 

 

 

 

1522 – Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly inquisitor-gen of Netherlands

1550 – Emperor Charles V gives inquisiters additional authority

1553 – Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England

1623 – 11 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru

1628 – Sweden & Denmark sign defense treaty against Duke of Wallenstein

1644 – Farm leader Li Zicheng becomes emperor of China & flees Peking

1661 – Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan

1715 – John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time

1781 – French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence

1781 – French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope

1813 – Rubber is patented

1845 – Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st blacks to open law practice

1852 – 1st edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus published

1853 – Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth

1857 – US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (SF)

1861 – Maryland’s House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union

1862 – 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Miss

1862 – New Orleans fell to Union forces during US Civil War

1864 – -30] Skirmish at Jenkins’ Ferry, Arkansas

1864 – The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.

1882 – The “Elektromote” – forerunner of the trolleybus – is tested by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.

1886 – 1st public Dutch electricity opens

1888 – Old Kavallison, Congo: Stanley meet Emin Pasha

1892 – Charlie Reilly is baseball’s 1st pinch hitter

1894 – Commonweal of Christ (Coxey’s Army) arrives in Wash, DC 500 strong to protest unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol

1901 – 27th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75

1903 – Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kills 9 (Frank Alberta)

1905 – 2″ rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX

1913 – Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken patents all-purpose zipper

1916 – Irish nationalists set post office on fire in Dublin

1922 – 1st official Intl Weightlifting Federation Champ (Tallinn, Estonia)

 

 

 

1927 – Construction of Spirit of St Louis is completed

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – North Sea floodgate at Ijmuiden (biggest in world) officially opens

1930 – Telephone connection England-Australia goes into service

1939 – Whitestone Bridge connecting Bronx & Queens opens

1942 – Japanese troop march into Lashio, cuts off Burma Road

1942 – Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France

1943 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by nazis

1945 – 1st food drop by RAF above nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna)

1945 – Japanese army evacuates Rangoon

1945 – Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed

1945 – US liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau Germany

1946 – 28 former Jap leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals

1953 – The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.

1957 – 1st military nuclear power plant dedicated, Fort Belvoir Va

1961 – ABC’s “Wide World of Sports, debuts

1965 – Australian government announces it would send troops to Vietnam

1967 – Aretha Franklin releases “Respect”

1968 – “Hair” opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 1750 performances

1970 – 50,000 US & South Vietnamese troops invade Cambodia

1971 – Bill Graham closes down Fillmore & Fillmore East

1971 – Boeing receives contract for Mariner 10, Mercury exploration

1974 – President Nixon said he will release edited tapes made in White House

1975 – Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate US citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end.

1977 – British Aerospace forms

 

 

 

1981 – Peter Sutcliffe admits he is the Yorkshire Ripper (murdered 13 women)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Phillie Steve Carlton is 1st lefty to strike out 3,000 batters

1983 – Harold Washington sworn in as Chicago’s 1st black mayor

1985 – Tony Tubbs TKOs Greg Page in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1986 – 800,000 books destroyed by fire in LA Central Library

1986 – Boston Red Sox Roger Clemens strikes out 20 Seattle Mariners

1987 – Chicago Cub Andre Dawson hits for cycle

1990 – Dan Quisenberry (all-time AL save king, 238) announces his retirement

1990 – Wrecking cranes began tearing down Berlin Wall at Brandenburg Gate

1991 – Croatia declares independence

1991 – Cyclone strikes Bangladesh, 139,000 die/10 million homeless

1992 – Jury acquits LA police officers of beating Rodney King, riots begin

1992 – Sheena Easton collapses on stage while performing in “Man of LaMancha”

1995 – Longest sausage ever, at 2877 miles, made in Kitchener Ontario

1997 – The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories.

2002 – The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years.

2004 – Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production.

 

 

 

Births 

534 – Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion

1584 – Melchior Teschner, composer

1636 – Esaias Reusner, composer

1667 – John Arbuthnot, Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)

1745 – Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800)

1758 – Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero (d. 1820).

1762 – Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (d. 1833)

1806 – Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austria, physician/philosopher

1815 – Abram Duryee, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890

1854 – Henri Poincaré, France, mathematician/astronomer/philosopher

1860 – Lorado Taft, US, sculptor (Black Hawk)

1863 – William Randolph Hearst, publisher (SF Examiner, Seattle P-I)

1871 – Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)

1872 – Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1930)

 

 

 

1875 – Rafael SabatiniItalian/British writer (d. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1893 – Harold C Urey, Ind, physicist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934)

 

 

 

1899 – Duke EllingtonWash DC, [Edward Kennedy], bandleader (Take “A” Train)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1901 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (1926-89)

1904 – Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate

1907 – Fred Zinneman, Austria, director (From Here to Eternity, Julia)

1908 – Jack [Stewart] Williamson, US, sci-fi author (Cometeers)

1909 – Tom Ewell, [S Yewell Tompkins], Ky, actor (Tom Ewell Show, 7 Yr Itch)

1914 – Ewan Roberts, Edinburgh Scotland, actress (Pvt Benjamin)

1915 – Donald Mills, singer (Mills Brothers)

1919 – Celeste Holm, NYC, actress (Gentleman’s Agreement, All About Eve), (d. 2012)

1921 – Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun)

1922 – George Allen, football coach (LA Rams, Washington Redskins)

1922 – Tommy Noonan, WA, actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Promises Promises)

 

 

 

1922 – Toots ThielemansBelgian/US jazz musician/composer

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1925 – Danny Davis, rocker (Nashville Brass

1925 – Ned Austin, American character actor (d. 2007)

1927 – Betsy Ancker-Johnson, physicist/auto company exec

1927 – Dorothy Manley, England, 100m sprint (Olympic-silver-1948)

1928 – Big Jay McNeely, rocker

1928 – Carl Gardner, Tyler Tx, rock vocalist (Coasters-Searchin)

1931 – Anthony “Lonnie” Donegan, Scotish skiffle vocalist/guitarist

 

 

 

1934 – Otis RushAmerican , bluesman , guitarist , musician

 

Otis-Rush

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1936 – April Stevens, Niagara Falls NY, rock vocalist (Deep Purple)

1936 – Jacob Rothschild, English banker/multi-millionaire

1936 – Zubin Mehta, Bombay India, conductor (NY Philharmonic)

1942 – Klaus Voorman, rock bassist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)

1943 – Duane Allen, Taylortown Texas, country singer (Oak Ridge Boys-Elvira)

1945 – Tammi Terrell, soul singer (Ain’t No Mountain High Enough)

1947 – Jim Ryan, US, 1500m runner/broke 4 minute mile (Olympic-silver-1968)

1947 – Tommy James, singer (Crimson & Clover )

1948 – Reb Brown, Los Angeles CA, actor (Cage, Yor, Capt America, Fast Break)

1949 – Eddie Hart, US, 100m runner (Olympic-1972)

1949 – Francis Rossi, England, guitarist/vocalist (Status Quo-Down Down)

 

 

 

1951 – Dale EarnhardtAmerican racecar driver (d. 2001)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Deborah Van Valkenburgh, Schnectady, actress (Too Close for Comfort)

1952 – Nora Dunn, Chic Ill, comedienne (SNL, Miami Blues, Working Girl)

1953 – Nikolai Nikolayevich Budarin, Kirya Russia, cosmonaut (STS 71, TM-27)

1954 – Jake Burton Carpenter, American snowboarder

1955 – Jerry Seinfeld, comedian/actor (Jerry-Seinfeld)

1955 – Kate Mulgrew, Dubuque Iowa, actress (Capt Janeway-Star Trek Voyager)

1957 – Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast (d. 2003)

1958 – Daniel Day-Lewis, England, actor (Last of the Mohicans, My Left Foot)

1958 – Eve Plumb, Burbank, actress (Jan-Brady Bunch, I’m Gonna Get You Sucka)

1958 – Michelle Pfeiffer, Midway City California, actress (Married to the Mob)

1958 – Simon Edwards, rocker (Fairground Attraction-Find My Love)

1965 – Reggie Miller, NBA player (Indiana Pacers)

1967 – Elizabeth “Betsy” McCagg, Kirkland Wash, rower (Olympics-4th-92, 96)

1968 – Carnie Wilson, LA California, rock vocalist (Wilson Phillips-Hold On)

1970 – Andre Agassi, Las Vegas Nev, tennis star (Oly-gold-96, US Open 1994)

1970 – Uma Thurman, Boston Mass, actress (Baron Munchausen, Pulp Fiction)

1970 – William Martin III, Charleston SC, finn yachter (Olympics-23rd-1996)

1975 – John Macready, LA California, gymnast (Olympics-5th-96)

1979 – Ryan Sharp, Scottish racing driver

1984 – Taylor Cole, American actress

 

 

 

2003 – BarbaroAmerican thoroughbred racehorse (d. 2007)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths

852 – Amalarius/Fortunatus/Symphosius of Metz/Lyon, bishop, dies at 76

926 – Burchard II, Duke of Swabia

1380 – Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (b. 1347)

1499 – John IV, Dutch army leader/earl of Egmond, dies

1535 – John Houghton, English, executed

1594 – Thomas Cooper, English bishop, lexicographer, and writer

1676 – Michiel A de Ruyter, Dutch rear-admiral, (Newport), killed at 69

1698 – Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1655)

1768 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (b. 1694)

1793 – John Michell, English scientist (b. 1724)

1798 – Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (b. 1723)

1903 – Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (b. 1835)

 

 

 

1918 – Gavrilo PrincipBosnian murderer of arch duke Ferdinanddies at 22

 

 

 

 

 

 

1920 – William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)

 

 

 

1935 – Leroy Carrpianist , bluesman , dies at 30

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 – Irving Fisher, US economist, dies at 80

1954 – Ernst Heldring, Dutch merchant/ship owner/financier, dies at 82

1961 – Cisco Houston, American folk singer (b. 1918)

1967 – Anthony Mann, US director (El Cid, Last Frontier), dies at 60

 

 

 

1967 – J.B. LenoirAmerican Blues Musician (b. 1929)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1972 – Ntare V, deposed King of Burundi, killed in an abortive coup

1975 – Charles McMahon Jr, US USMC lance corporal, killed in Vietnam

1975 – Darwin Judge, USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet

1975 – Michael John Shea, USMC-lt/pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam

1975 – William Craig Nystul, USMC capt, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet

 

 

 

1980 – Alfred Joseph HitchcockBritish director (PsychoBirds), dies at 80

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1986 – Seamus McElwaine, Irish IRA-terrorist, killed at 25

1993 – Mick Ronson, English guitarist/producer (Mott the Hoople), dies at 46

1994 – Erik Erikson, anthropologist, dies at 53

1995 – Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator, dies at 57

1997 – Keith Ferguson, blues (Fabulous Thunderbirds), dies of overdose at 50

1997 – Mike Royko, columnist, dies of stroke at 64

2006 – John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (b. 1908)

2007 – Zhang Taofang, Chinese sniper (b. 1931)

2008 – Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist, known as the first to synthesize LSD (b. 1906)

2012 – Amarillo Slim, American professional poker player, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—–

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

357 – Emperor Constantius II visits Rome

585 – War between Lydia & Media ended by solar eclipse

1192 – Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne confirmed by election. Killing carried out by Hashshashin.

1202 – King Philip II throws out John without Country, from France

1253 – -May 7th) Utrecht destroyed by fire

1253 – Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.

1503 – Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under G Cordoba beats France

1521 – Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Arch duke of Neth-Austria

1635 – Virginia Gov John Harvey accused of treason & removed from office

1655 – English admiral Blake beats Tunen pirate fleet

1686 – 1st volume of Isaac Newton’s “Principia” published

1770 – Capt James Cook aboard Endeavor lands at Botany Bay in Australia

1788 – Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify constitution

 

 

 

1789 – Fletcher Christian leads Mutiny on HMS Bounty & Capt William Bligh

 

 

 

 

 

 

1796 – Cease fire of Cherasco

1804 – 31 English ships sail Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch

1818 – Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes & Lake Champlain

1855 – 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston

1914 – 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles WV

1914 – W H Carrier patents air conditioner

1919 – 1st jump with Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)

1924 – 119 die in Benwood West Virginia coal mine disaster

1925 – Kurd rebels surrender to Turkish army

1925 – Netherlands & Great Britain return to gold standard

1931 – Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field

1932 – Yellow fever vaccine for humans announced

1934 – FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act

1935 – Moscow underground opens (81 km long)

1937 – 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)

1937 – 1st commercial flight across Pacific, Pan Am

1940 – Glenn Miller records “Pennsylvania 6-5000″

1940 – Rudolf Hess becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz

1941 – Last British troops in Greece surrenders

1942 – “WW II” titled so, as result of Gallup Poll

1942 – Nightly “dim-out” begins along East Coast

1943 – German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa

1943 – US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia

1944 – Exercise “Tiger” ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats

1945 – British commands attack Elbe & occupies Lauenburg

1945 – US 5th army reaches Swiss border

1947 – Thor Heyerdahl & “Kon-Tiki” sail from Peru to Polynesia

1949 – Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed.

1952 – WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect

1952 – Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO.

1956 – Last French troop leave Vietnam

1956 – Reds Frank Robinson hits his 1st of 586 HRs

1958 – Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

1961 – Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude

1961 – Warren Spahn pitches 2nd no hitter at 41 beats SF Giants, 1-0

1965 – Lindsey Nelson broadcasts game at Astrodome from a hanging gondola

1965 – Richard Helms replaces Marshall S Carter as deputy director of CIA

1965 – US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966

1965 – William F Raborn Jr replaces John A McCone as 7th head of CIA

1967 – Muhammad Ali refuses induction into army & stripped of boxing title

1968 – 11 year-old Mary Bell strangles 4 year-old

1969 – Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France

1969 – King Crimson with Greg Lake & Ian McDonald debuts

1971 – Samuel Lee Gravely Jr becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy

1972 – Courts awarded Kentucky Derby prize money to 2nd place winner because winner was given drugs before race

 

 

 

1973 – Over 6000 Mk. 82 500 pound bombs detonate over the course of 18 hours in a railyard in northern California. 5500 structures are damagedand the town of Antelope, California ceases to existwith every building being reduced to the foundationThis accident leads to the passing of the Transportation Safety Act of 1974 which makes the NTSB an independent agency.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Christopher Boyce convicted for selling secrets

1977 – Andreas Baader & members of Baader-Meinhoff jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany

1983 – Argentine government declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead

1983 – NASA launches Geos-F

1985 – Billy Martin named NY Yankee manager for 4th time

1985 – Fernando Valenzuela sets record of 41 scoreless inn to start season

1987 – American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.

1988 – Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 roof tears off in flight; kills stewardess

1989 – Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money

1989 – Iran protests sale of “Satanic Verses” by Salman Rushdie

1990 – Boston Celtics score most points in a playoff, beat NY Knicks 157-128

1991 – Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) launched

1994 – Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer & wife Rosario plead guilty to spying

1995 – Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die

1996 – Martin Bryant shoots & kills 35 in Port Arthur Tasmania

2001 – Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world’s first space tourist.

 

 

 

Births

1442 – Edward IV, King of England (1461-70, 71-83)

1545 – Yi Sun-sin, Korean admiral (d. 1598)

1592 – George Villiers, 1st duke of Buckingham/English admiral

1686 – Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1721)

1753 – Franz K Achard, German physicist

1758 – James Monroe, Westmoreland Va, (D-R) 5th pres (1817-25)

1774 – Francis Baily, describer of “Baily’s Beads” during solar eclipse

1795 – Charles Sturt, England, explorer (Australia)

1809 – Conradus Leemans, Dutch archaeologist

1810 – Daniel Ullmann, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1812 – Daniel Henry Rucker, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1910

1815 – Andrew Jackson Smith, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897

1825 – James Winning McMillan, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1846 – Johann E Backlund, Swedish astronomer (planets/asteroids)

1868 – Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (d. 1908)

1878 – Lionel Barrymore, [Blythe], Phila, actor (Free Soul, Dr Kildare)

1882 – Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist

1888 – Henry DG Crerar, Canadian general (WW I/Italy/Netherland)

1889 – Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear admiral

1892 – Joseph Dunninger, NYC, mentalist (Amazing Dunninger)

1897 – Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician (d. 1986)

1900 – Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized “Oort Cloud”)

1906 – Bartholomeus J “Bart” Bok, Dutch/US astronomer (Milky Way)

1906 – Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (d. 1978)

1908 – Oskar Schindler, Zwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary, Austrian businessman and subject of the novel Schindler’s Ark and the film Schindler’s List. (d. 1974)

1911 – Lee Falk, American comic strip writer (d. 1999)

1912 – Odette Hallowes, British classified agent in France (WW II)

1921 – Rowland Evans, White Marsh Pa, news reporter (CNN-Evans & Novak)

1922 – Iser J Koepermann, Russian/US world checkers champ (1958-68, 75-76)

1922 – William Guarnere, WWII Veteran

 

 

 

1922 – Alistair MacLeanScottish novelist (d. 1987)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1926 – Harper Lee, author (To Kill a Mockingbird)

 

 

 

1926 – Blossom DearieAmerican jazz singer

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 – Garfield Weston, English industrial/billionaire (Twinings Tea)

1928 – Eugene M. Shoemaker, American planetary scientist (d. 1997)

 

 

 

1929 – Carolyn JonesAmarillo Texasactress (MorticiaAddams Family)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – James Baker 3, Houston, Sec of Treasury (1985-88), Sec State (1989-92)

1933 – Oliver “Bops Junior” Jackson, drummer

1937 – Saddam Hussein, [At-Takriti], Al-Awja, president of Iraq (1979-2003)

1941 – K. Barry Sharpless, American chemist, Nobel laureate

1942 – Ghislaine Hermanez, architect

1943 – Fantastic Johnny C[orley], US singer (Boogaloo down Broadway)

1947 – Steve Khan, jazz musician (Christmas Waltz)

1948 – Marcia Strassman, NYC, actress (Julle Kotter-Welcome Back Kotter)

1948 – Terry Pratchett, English author

1949 – Jerome “Jay” Apt, Springfield Mass, astronaut (STS 37, 47, 59, 79)

1949 – Indian Larry, American stuntsman (d. 2004)

1950 – Jay Leno, New Rochelle, comedian/talk show host (Tonight Show)

1952 – Mary McDonnell, Wilkes-Barre PA, actress (Sneakers, Independence Day)

1953 – Julie Cole, LPGA golfer

1953 – Kim Gordon, American musician (Sonic Youth)

1955 – Eddie Jobson, rock violinist (Zappa, UK, Roxy Music-For Your Pleasure)

1956 – Paul S Lockhart, Amarillo Tx, Major USAF/astronaut

1957 – Leopold Eyharts, France, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-26, TM-28/27)

1958 – Hal Evan Sutton, Shreveport LA, PGA golfer (1982 Walt Disney)

1960 – Ian Rankin, Scottish novelist

1960 – Joel H. Rosenthal American political scientist

1960 – Jón Páll Sigmarsson, Icelandic strength athlete (d. 1993)

1961 – Futoshi Matsunaga, Japanese serial killer

1964 – Helen Marina Lucy Windsor, England, daughter of Prince Edward

1966 – Too Short, American rapper

1967 – Monique Noel, Salem Oregon, playmate (May, 1989)

1971 – Mihai Apostal, Bucharest Romania, Canadian kayaker (Olympics-96)

1971 – Bridget Moynahan, American actress

1972 – Michelle Menzies, Barrie Ont, Canadian ice pairs (1995, 96 Can champs)

1973 – Marc[us] Blake Schneider, Lubbock TX, rower (Olympics-bronze-1996)

1974 – Penélope Cruz, Alcobendas, Madrid, Spanish actress (Vanilla Sky, Waking Up in Reno)

1981 – Jessica Alba, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

1089 – Dirk de Grote, bishop of Verdun/Basel/archbishop of Trier, dies

1109 – Hugo van Cluny, 6th abbott of Cluny/saint, dies

1192 – Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem (b. mid 1140s)

1498 – Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, English politician

1533 – Nicholas West, English bishop and diplomat (b. 1461)

1741 – Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman (b. 1668)

1781 – Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)

1813 – Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (b. 1745)

1843 – William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies

1858 – Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (b. 1801)

1865 – Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born British shipping magnate (b. 1787)

1881 – Robert W Ollinger, US warden/last victim of Billy the Kid, dies

 

 

 

1905 – Fitzhugh LeeAmerican Confederate general (b. 1835)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1926 – Zip the Pinhead, American freak show performer (b. 1857)

1935 – Alexander Campbell Mackenzie, Scotish composer, dies at 87

1944 – Frank Knox, U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate (b. 1874)

1945 – Benito Mussolini, Fascist leader (Italy), shot after trial at 61

1946 – Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (b. 1870)

1970 – Ed Begley, actor (Mr Koppel-Leave it to Larry), dies at 69

1973 – Pat Henning, actor (Goodyear TV Playhouse), dies at 62

1981 – Mickey “Toy Bulldog” Walker, welterweight champ (1922-26) dies at 79

1988 – B. W. Stevenson, American country singer (b. 1949)

1991 – Floyd B McKissick, US founder (CORE), dies

1991 – Ken Curtis, actor (Festus-Gunsmoke), dies at 74

1996 – William E Colby, director of CIA (1973-76), dies

1999 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (b. 1922)

1999 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1921)

2002 – Alexander Lebed, Russian general (b. 1950)

2005 – Percy Heath, American jazz bassist (Modern Jazz Quartet) (b. 1923)

2007 – Tommy Newsom, American bandleader (b. 1929)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feds Play The Race Card To Crush Parents’ Revolt Against Common Core

 

 

” There was a time when Common Core supporters loudly insisted the program — adopted by no fewer than 46 states — was most assuredly not federal, that any allegation that this astounding national uniformity was the result of federal pressure was a nasty, vicious lie. The State Standards Initiative confidently declares as “myth” the assertions that “Common Core State Standards were adopted by states as part of the [federal] Race to the Top grant program” or that the “federal government will take over ownership” of Common Core. The Initiative’s position is clear: “The federal government will not govern the Common Core State Standards. The Common Core was and will remain a state-led effort.” (Emphasis in original.)

  Yet when Common Core is threatened by a large-scale parental revolt, look who moves in to crush the dissenters’ dreams — Arne Duncan, the race-baiting (federal) Secretary of Education.

  Last week an estimated 184,000 New York students (out of 1.1 million) opted out of this year’s Common Core–mandated English tests, a more than three-fold increase from last year’s 60,000 opt-outs. Large-scale opt-outs threaten the validity of the tests, decreasing the likelihood that they fairly measure overall student achievement. In some schools the opt-out rates have crippled the tests. One Manhattan school reported an 85 percent opt-out rate, and other schools — including one in Park Slope, Brooklyn — have reported opt-out rates exceeding 30 percent.”

” With the tests in crisis, Arne Duncan said this week that if the states can’t fix themselves, the federal government will “have an obligation to step in.” This means not just threatening to cut federal funding, but essentially forcing states to withhold their own funds from delinquent schools. ”

 

National Review has more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why Our Children Don’t Think There Are Moral Facts

 

 

 

 

” What would you say if you found out that our public schools were teaching children that it is not true that it’s wrong to kill people for fun or cheat on tests? Would you be surprised?

  I was. As a philosopher, I already knew that many college-aged students don’t believe in moral facts. While there are no national surveys quantifying this phenomenon, philosophy professors with whom I have spoken suggest that the overwhelming majority of college freshmen in their classrooms view moral claims as mere opinions that are not true or are true only relative to a culture.

  What I didn’t know was where this attitude came from. Given the presence of moral relativism in some academic circles, some people might naturally assume that philosophers themselves are to blame. But they aren’t. There are historical examples of philosophers who endorse a kind of moral relativism, dating back at least to Protagoras who declared that “man is the measure of all things,” and several who deny that there are any moral facts whatsoever. But such creatures are rare. Besides, if students are already showing up to college with this view of morality, it’s very unlikely that it’s the result of what professional philosophers are teaching. So where is the view coming from?

  A few weeks ago, I learned that students are exposed to this sort of thinking well before crossing the threshold of higher education. When I went to visit my son’s second grade open house, I found a troubling pair of signs hanging over the bulletin board. They read:

Fact: Something that is true about a subject and can be tested or proven.

Opinion: What someone thinks, feels, or believes.

  Hoping that this set of definitions was a one-off mistake, I went home and Googled “fact vs. opinion.” The definitions I found online were substantially the same as the one in my son’s classroom. As it turns out, the Common Core standards used by a majority of K-12 programs in the country require that students be able to “distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.” And the Common Core institute provides a helpful page full of links to definitions, lesson plans and quizzes to ensure that students can tell the difference between facts and opinions.

  So what’s wrong with this distinction and how does it undermine the view that there are objective moral facts? “

Find out at the NY Times

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1124 – David I becomes King of Scots.

1296 – Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.

1509 – Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice

1518 – Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors/Bourgondisch covenant

1522 – Battle at Bicacca: Charles I & Pope Adrianus VI beat France

1526 – Mogol King Babur beats sultan of Delhi

1539 – Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.

1565 – 1st Spanish settlement in Philippines, Cebu City, forms

1578 – Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.

1650 – The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.

1667 – The blind and impoverished, John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10.

1773 – British Parliament passes Tea Act 

 

 

 

1805 – US Marines attack shores of Tripoli

 

"Attack on Derna"

 

 

 

 

 

1813 – Americans under Gen Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed

1828 – Zoological Gardens at Regent’s Park London, opens

1838 – Fire destroys half of Charleston

1840 – Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry.

1859 – “Pomona” sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard

1860 – Thomas Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry

1861 – President Abe Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus

1861 – West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from US

1863 – Battle of Streight’s raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL

1865 – Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered

1865 – Steamboat “Sultana” explodes in Mississippi River, kills up to 1,547. 1450 of 2000 paroled Union POWs on their way home are killed when river steamer “Sultana” blows up

1877 – Opera “Le Roi de Lahore” is produced (Paris)

1877 – President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends

 

 

 

1897 – Grant’s Tomb (famed of song & legenddedicated

 

 

 

 

 

 

1903 – Long Island’s Jamaica Race Track opens

1908 – 4th modern Olympic games opens in London

1933 – Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Wash DC

1933 – Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership’s first shop outside London.

1937 – 1st US social security payment made

1940 – Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp

1941 – German troops occupy Athens Greece

1942 – Belgium Jews are forced to wear stars

1942 – Tornado destroys Pryor Oklahoma killing 100, injuring 300

1943 – Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters arrested, lead illegal CPN party in Holland

1945 – Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini prisoner

1946 – 1st radar installation aboard a coml ship installed

1956 – Heavyweight champ, Rocky Marciano, retires undefeated from boxing

1960 – 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)

1961 – NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio

1965 – RC Duncan patents “Pampers” disposable diaper

1967 – Expo ’67 opens in Montreal

1972 – Apollo 16 returns to Earth

1977 – Bloody riots in Soweto South Africa

1977 – HCC, Hobby Computer Club, forms in Netherlands

 

 

 

1978 – Accident at nuclear reactor Willow Island, W Virginiakills 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse.

1982 – Trial of John W Hinckley Jr attempted assassin of Reagan, begins

1983 – Nolan Ryan becomes strikeout king (3,509), passing Walter Johnson

1987 – US Justice Dept bars Austrian Chancellor Kurt Waldheim from entering US, due to his aid of Nazi Germany during WW II

 

 

 

1989 – Beijing students take over Tiananmen Square in China

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – 50th annual barbershop quartet singing convention held (Mich)

1990 – Villanova’s women set a 6,000 m relay world record of 17:18:10

1992 – Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history.

1994 – President Nixon buried in Nixon Library in Calif

1995 – “Indiscretions” opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC for 221 perfs

2006 – Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City.

2007 – Estonian authorities remove the Bronze Soldier, a Soviet Red Army war memorial in Tallinn, amid political controversy with Russia.

2011 – The deadliest day of the 2011 Super outbreak of tornadoes, the largest tornado outbreak, in United States history.

2012 – Four explosions in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, kill 27 people

 

 

 

Births 

1410 – John Van Lannoy, Flemish governor of Holland/Zealand/West Frisia

1650 – Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1714)

1707 – John Burman, Dutch botanist/director botanical gardens

1718 – Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (d. 1790)

 

 

 

1724 – Col. Thomas Gardnera heroic political figure and soldier (d. 1775)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1755 – Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (d. 1836)

1759 – Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, England, writer/feminist (Female Reader)

 

 

 

1791 – Samuel MorseCharlestownMassachusettsAmerican inventor (telegraphMorse codeand painter

 

 

 

 

 

 

1820 – Herbert SpencerDerby EnglandVictorian philosopher (Social Statics)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1822 – Ulysses S. Grant, [Hiram], Ohio (R), 18th president (1869-77)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1835 – John Murray Corse, Pitts, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers) [or 9/27]

1840 – Edward Whymper, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865)

1850 – Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)

1865 – Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)

1892 – Louis Victor de Broglie, physicist (studied electrons)

1894 – George Petty, WWII Pin-Up Artist (d. 1975)

1896 – Wallace Hume Carothers, inventor (nylon)

1900 – Walter Lantz, animator (Woody Woodpecker’s creator)

1903 – Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist

1904 – Arthur F Burns, economist/chairman (Federal Reserve Board)

1913 – Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist (d. 2004)

1916 – Enos Slaughter, American baseball player (d. 2002)

 

 

 

1922 – Jack KlugmanPhila (Oscar-Odd CoupleQuincyGoodbye Columbus), (d. 2012)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 – Connie Kay, jazz drummer

1927 – Coretta Scott King, Marion Ala, civil rights leader

1927 – Sheila Scott, English aviatrix (d. 1988)

1929 – Nina Ponomareva Romaschkova, USSR, discus thrower (Oly-gold-1952, 60)

1932 – Casey Kasem, Detroit Mich, radio personality (American Top 40)

1932 – Charles Adkins, US, light welterweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1952)

1932 – Anouk Aimée, French actress

1932 – Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born mathematician and philosopher (d. 1999)

1939 – Jerry Mercer, Montreal Canada, rock drummer (April Wine)

1939 – Judy Carne, Northhampton Engl, comedienne (Laugh-in, Fair Exchange)

1942 – Gordon Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)

1943 – Helmut Marko, auto racer (Le Mans Grand Prix)

1944 – Cuba Gooding, US singer (Everybody Plays the Fool)

1945 – August Wilson, US, playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987)

1947 – Ann Peebles, Missouri, singer (I Can’t Stand the Rain)

1947 – Pete Ham, Swansea Wales, rock vocalist (Badfinger-Come & Get It)

1948 – Katie Pierson, NJ, vocals/guitarist (B-52’s-Rock Lobster, Love Shack)

1948 – Frank William Abagnale, Jr., con artist turned security consultant.

1951 – Ace Frehley, Bronx NY, heavy metal rocker (Kiss-Beth, Frehley’s Comet)

1952 – Ari Vatanen, Finnish rally driver

 

 

 

1952 – Larry ElderAmerican political commentator

 

 

 

 

 

 

1953 – Ellen L Shulman Baker, Fayetteville NC, MD/astronaut (STS 34, 50, 71)

1953 – Arielle Dombasle, French singer and actress

1956 – Dennie Shupryt-Knoop, Chicago Ill, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1959 – Marco Pirroni, London, rock guitarist (Adam & The Ants)

1965 – Courtenay Becker-Dey, Greenwich Conn, Europe yachter (Oly-bronze-1996)

1967 – Jason Whitlock, American sportswriter

1969 – Cory Booker, Mayor of Newark, New Jersey

1972 – Alison McKnight, Bakersfield California, 100m hurdler/heptathlete

1975 – Michael Booker, cornerback (Atlanta Falcons)

1980 – Christian Lara, Ecuadorian footballer

1980 – Ananda Mikola, Indonesian racing driver

1984 – Patrick Stump, American musician (Fall Out Boy)

 

 

 

Deaths

630 – King Ardashir III of Persia

1076 – Willem, bishop of Utrecht (1054-76), murderer of earl Floris I, dies

1124 – Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies

1404 – Philip, the Stout, Duke of Burgundy, dies at 62

 

 

 

1521 – Ferdinand Magellanworld travelerkilled by Filipino natives at 50

 

Magellan

 

 

 

 

 

 

1599 – Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (b. 1538)

1613 – Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)

1625 – Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (b. 1553)

1702 – Jean Bart, French capt/sea hero (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51

 

 

 

1813 – Zebulon M PikeUS explorer (Pike’s Peak), dies in battle at 34

 

 

 

 

 

 

1882 – Ralph Waldo Emerson, US poet (Representive Men), dies

1893 – John Murray Corse, US general (Union), dies on his 58th birthday

1936 – Karl Pearson, mathematician, dies

1952 – Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician (b. 1865)

1957 – Mario A Gianini, creator (maraschino cherry), dies

1959 – Gordon Armstrong, inventor (baby incubator), dies

1965 – Alan Bunce, actor (Albert-Ethel & Albert), dies at 61

1965 – Edward R Murrow, newscaster (Person to Person), dies at 57

1972 – Phil King, rock (Blue Oyster Cult), shot in head at 24 while gambling

1989 – Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (b. 1894)

1991 – Ken Curtis, actor (Lost, Freckles, California Gold Rush), dies at 74

1996 – William Egan Colby, CIA Director, dies at 76

 

 

 

1998 – Carlos CastanedaPeruvianborn writer (b. 1925)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1999 – Al HirtAmerican Jazz trumpeter (b. 1922)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2000 – Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (b. 1954)

2002 – Ruth Handler, American toy manufacturer (b. 1916)

2002 – Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Swiss industrialist and art collector (b. 1921)

2009 – Frankie Manning, an American dancer, instructor, choreographer, and one of the founding fathers of Lindy Hop. (b. 1914)

2011 – Marian Mercer, American actress (b. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

757 – Paolo Orsini replaces his brother Pope Stephen II, as Paul I

1220 – German king Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights

1467 – The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy.

1478 – 1st Easter

1478 – Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de’Medici & kill Giuliano de’Medici

1514 – Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn

1532 – Sultan Suleiman through Hungary on away to Vienna

1564 – William Shakespeare baptized

1607 – 1st British to establish an American colony land at Cape Henry, Va

1654 – Jews are expelled from Brazil

1677 – Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck

1721 – Smallpox vaccination 1st administrated

1755 – 1st Russian university opens (Moscow)

1777 – Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from NY to Ct rallying her fathers militia

1819 – Odd Fellows Lodge forms

 

 

 

1859 – Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity 1st time this defense is successfully used

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 – Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)

1865 – Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA

1865 – Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC

1887 – Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity

1904 – Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms

1905 – Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play

1907 – Jamestown, Va Tercentenary Exposition opens

1912 – 1st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)

1913 – Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in SF

1913 – Sun Yet San calls for revolt against pres Yuan Shikai in China

1928 – Madame Tussaud’s waxwork exhibition opens in London

1931 – Lou Gehrig hits a HR but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he & Babe Ruth tie for season

1933 – Jewish students are barred from school in Germany

 

 

 

1937 – German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain

 

 

 

 

 

 

1938 – Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks

1941 – A tradition begins, 1st organ at a baseball stadium (Chicago Cubs)

1941 – Potatoes rationed in Holland

1942 – Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko Manchuria

1944 – 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down

1945 – Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France’s Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason

1945 – World War II: Battle of Bautzen – last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.

1950 – Last horse race at Havre de Grace Track in Md, is run

1950 – U of Miami ends William & Mary straight tennis match victories at 82

1952 – Patty Berg scores 64, best competitive round of golf by a woman

 

 

 

1952 – US minesweeper “Hobson” rams aircraft carrier “Wasp,” kills 176

 

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins

1956 – First container ship left Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas

1957 – Jamestown, Va 350th Anniversary Festival opens

1959 – Cuba invades Panama

1961 – French paratroopers’ revolt suppressed in Algeria

1961 – Roger Maris hits 1st of 61 homers in 1961

1962 – 1st Lockheed A-12 flies

1962 – Ranger 4 crash lands on (backside of) Moon

1962 – Red Sox Bill Monbouquette no-hits White Sox 1-0

1962 – US/UK launch Ariel; 1st international payload

1966 – Arnold “Red” Auerbach retires as Boston Celtic’s coach

1968 – Students seize administration building at Ohio State

1971 – SF lightship replaced by automatic buoy

1977 – NY’s famed disco Studio 54 opens

1980 – Iran begins scattering US hostages from US Embassy

1980 – Longest jump by a jet boat is set at 120′

1980 – Phillies’ Steve Carlton pitches his 6th 1-hitter (beats Cards)

1982 – Argentina surrenders to Britain on S Georgia near Falkland Island

1982 – Rod Stewart is mugged, gunman steals his $50,000 Porsche

1983 – Dow Jones Industrial Avg breaks 1,200 for 1st time

1984 – Pres Reagan visits China

1989 – Mike Tyson is ticketed for driving 71 MPH in 30 mile zone in Albany

1990 – NY court of appeals ends 2½ year legal battle over 1988 America’s Cup by refusing jurisdiction of case

1990 – Nolan Ryan ties Bob Feller’s record of pitching 12 1-hitters

1991 – “Dinosaurs” premieres on ABC-TV

1991 – 23 killed in Kansas & Oklahoma by tornadoes

1992 – “Growing Pains,” final episode on ABC TV

1992 – “Who’s The Boss,” final episode after 8 years on ABC TV

1992 – Ozzie Smith steals his 500th base

1993 – NBC announces Conan O’Brien to replace David Letterman

1994 – Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.

1995 – Coors Field, opens in Denver, Rockies beat Mets 11-9 in 14 innings

1996 – Sothebys ends 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-take in $34.5 million

 

 

 

2002 – Robert Steinhäuser infiltrates and kills 17 at Gutenberg-Gymnasium in Erfurt,Germany before dying of a self-inflicted gunshot.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Under international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.

2012 – 70 people are killed by rocket attacks by the Syrian Army on the city of Hama

 

 

 

Births

121 – Antonius Marcus Aurelius, [Marcus A Verus], Emperor of Rome (161-180)

570 – Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi’a sect. Other sources suggest April 20.

1319 – Jean II, the Good, king of France (1350-64)

1538 – Giovanni P Lomazzo, Italian writer/poet (Trattato)

1564 – William Shakespeare, Stratford-on-Avon England, baptism and presumed birth date, playwright and poet 

1567 – Nicolas Forme, composer

1662 – Maria Luisa of Orleans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1689)

1710 – Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)

 

 

 

1711 – David HumeEnglish empiricist/philosopher (Treatise of Human Nature)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1718 – Esek Hopkins, US, 1st commander-in-chief (US Navy)

1774 – Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (d. 1853)

1785 – John James Audubon, Haiti, bird watcher/artist

1798 – James Beckwourth, American explorer (d. 1867)

1812 – Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant

1822 – Frederick Law Olmsted, architect/writer (designed Central Park)

1826 – George Hull Ward, American general (d. 1863)

1826 – Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General (d. 1872

1827 – Charles Edward Hovey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1834 – Artemus Ward, (Charles Farrar Browne), humorist

1839 – Cyrus Hamblin, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1841 – Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian

1875 – Syngman Rhee, South Korea, pres of South Korea (1948-60) [or Mar 26]

1879 – Owen Williams Richardson, England, physicist (Nobel 1928)

 

 

 

1886 – Ma Rainey, [Gertrude Pridgett], “Mother of the Blues” American singer (d. 1939)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1888 – Anita Loos, American screenwriter, novelist (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes) and playwright (d. 1981)

1893 – Draza Mihajlovic, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal (d. 1946)

1894 – Rudolf Hess, Nazi official (d. 1987)

1897 – Eddie Eagan, American sportsman (d. 1967)

1898 – Edward PF Eagan, Denver, boxer (Oly-gold-20)/bobsledder (Oly-gold-32)

1898 – John Grierson, documentary film maker

1903 – Geoffrey Worthington, Air vice-marshall

1903 – Niven Busch, US screenwriter (Postman Always Rings Twice)

 

 

 

1912 – A. E. van VogtCanadasci-fi author (Wizard of Linn) (d. 2000)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – Bernard Malamud, US, novelist (Fixer, Natural, Pulitizer 1967)

1914 – Horace Leonard Gold, Sci-Fi writer/editor

1914 – James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls/Columbia, Maryland)

1916 – Morris L West, Australia, novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman)

1916 – Vic Perrin, American actor (d. 1989)

1917 – I[eoh] M[ing] Pei, Canton, China, architect (1961 Brunner Prize)

1917 – Sal “The Barber” Maglie, pitcher (NY Giants, 8th best won-lost pct)

1918 – Fanny Blankers-Koen, Holland, 100m/200m dash, hurdler (Olym-gold-1948)

1921 – Harry Knutton, Maj-Gen/dir-general (London City & Guilds Institute)

1922 – James Holt, medieval historian

1927 – Anne McLaren, biologist/zoologist/actress (Things to Come)

1930 – Roger Moens, Belgium, 800m runner (Olympic-silver-1960)

1932 – Michael Smith, English-born chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)

1933 – Carol Burnett, San Antonio Tx, comedian/actress (Annie, 4 Seasons)

1937 – Robert Boozer, Omaha Neb, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1960), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1938 – Duane EddyPhoenix, Azcountry singer (Peter GunnCannonball)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1942 – Bobby Rydell, Phila Pa, rock singer (Wild One, Bye Bye Birdie)

1942 – Claudine Auger, Paris France, Miss France (1958)/actress (Thunderball)

1942 – Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russia, cosmonaut

1943 – Gary Wright, singer, dream weaver (Spooky Tooth-It’s All About)

1943 – Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect

1944 – Martha Rockwell, Providence RI, skier (Mount Washington)

1945 – Giorgio Moroder, producer/singer/songwriter (150 gold discs)

1947 – Donna Elizabeth De Varona, Greenwich Ct, swimmer (Olympic-2 gold-64)

1948 – Boyd Matson, TV host/correspondent (National Geographic Explorer)

1949 – Jimmy Hall, rocker (Wet Willie)

1950 – Howard “Leon” Reeder, rock guitarist (Champaign)

1956 – Koo Stark, [Kathleen Dee-Anne], photographer/actress (Emily)

1958 – Giancarlo Esposito, actor (Bob Roberts, School Daze, King of NY)

1958 – Johnny “Earl of” Dumfries, racing driver

1959 – John Corabi, American Musician

1960 – Roger Taylor, rock drummer (Duran Duran-Hungry Like the Wolf)

1961 – Albert Lawrence, Jamaica, 4X100m relayer (Olympic-silver-1984)

1961 – Joan Chen, [Chen Chong], Shanghai China, actress (Heaven & Earth)

 

 

 

1963 – Jet LiBeijingChinese actor and martial artist (Romeo Must DieUnleashed)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Kevin James, American comedian

1970 – Melania Trump, Slovenian model

1970 – Tionne “T-Boz” Watkins, American singer (TLC)

1978 – Avant, American singer

1980 – Jordana Brewster, Panama, actress (Nikki Graves-As the World Turns)

1981 – Ms. Dynamite, English musician

1983 – José María López, Argentine racing driver

1983 – Jessica Lynch, American P.O.W.

1987 – Jessica Lee Rose, American-born New Zealand actress, famous YouTube star lonelygirl15

 

 

 

Deaths

757 – Stephen II, Pope (752-57), dies

1192 – Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (b. 1127)

1196 – Alfonso II, King of Aragon (1162-96), dies

1444 – Robert Campin, South Neth painter/porter of Doornik, dies at about 65

1476 – Simonetta Vespucci, inspiration of Botticelli (b.1453)

1478 – Giuliano de’ Medici, Medeheerser of Florence, murdered at about 24

1489 – Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (b. 1465)

1558 – Jean Francois Fernel, French physician, dies

1648 – Christoph Thomas Walliser, composer, dies at 79

1731 – Daniel Defoe, English author (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

1789 – Peter I Panin, Russian general (Pugatshov-uprising), dies at about 67

1865 – John Wilkes Booth, assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green VA at 27

1881 – Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)

1892 – Sir Provo Wallis, British Admiral and naval hero (b. 1791)

1940 – Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65

1941 – Jean Demoor, Belgian physician/physiologist/educationalist, dies at 74

1957 – Gichin Funakoshi, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo (b. 1868)

1969 – Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of aikido (b. 1883)

1970 – Gypsy Rose Lee, stripper/actress (Pruitts of S Hampton), dies at 56

1973 – Irene Ryan, actress (Granny-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 69

1981 – Robert Davi, dies at 54

 

 

 

1984 – William “Count” Basiejazz piano great 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1986 – [William] Broderick Crawford, actor (Highway Patrol), dies at 74

 

 

 

1989 – Lucille Ballcomedienne (I Love Lucy), dies of heart attack at 78

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1992 – Alberta Vaughn, actress (Wild Horse, Silver Devil), dies at 87

1996 – Stirling Silliphant, screenwriter, dies at 78

1997 – Joey Faye, comic (Fruit of the Loom grapes), dies at 86

2005 – Mason Adams, American actor (b. 1919)

2005 – Maria Schell, Swiss-Austrian actress (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1185 – Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family

1449 – Anti-pope Felix V resigns

1507 – Geographer Martin Waldseemuller 1st used name America

1541 – -26) Liege flooded after heavy down pour

1604 – Count Maurits’ army lands at Cadzand

1607 – Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish/Portuguese fleet

1614 – Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms

1626 – Battle at the Dessauer bridge: Monarch Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Earl of Mansfeld

1678 – French troops conquer Ypres

1684 – Patent granted for thimble

1719 – Daniel Defoes publishes “Robinson Crusoe”

1792 – Guillotine 1st used, executes highwayman Nicolas J Pelletier

 

 

 

1829 – Charles Fremantle arrives in the HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.

 

Charles-Howe-Fremantle-209x300

 

 

 

 

1846 – Thornton AffairOpen conflict begins over the disputed border of Texastriggering the MexicanAmerican War.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1849 – The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal’s English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.

1850 – Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices

1859 – Ground broken for Suez Canal

1861 – Battle of Lavaca, TX

1861 – American Civil War: The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C.

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of New Orleans LA – US Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Marks’ Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)

1875 – Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3″)

1886 – Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

1898 – Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April.

1904 – NY Yankee Jack Chesbro’s 1st of 41 wins this year

1915 – 78,000 ANZAC troops land at Gallipoli

1925 – Paul von Hindenburg elected president of Germany

1928 – Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for the blind

1933 – US & Canada drop Gold Standard

1938 – 1st use of seeing eye dog

1941 – Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta

1942 – Luftwaffe bombs Bath

1945 – Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany’s final transmission

1945 – Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany

1945 – Red army completely surrounds Berlin

1945 – US & Soviet forces meet at Torgau Germany on Elbe River

1947 – Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins

1950 – Chuck Cooper becomes 1st black to play in NBA

1953 – Scientists identify DNA

1954 – Bell labs announces 1st solar battery (NYC)

1954 – British raid Nairobi Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)

1956 – Elvis Presley’s “Heartbreak Hotel” goes #1

1957 – 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated

1959 – St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping

1960 – 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed (Triton)

1961 – Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin

1961 – Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit

1961 – Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad

1962 – US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on Moon

1966 – Drunk driver kills 10 children in Asse Belgium

1966 – The city of Tashkent is destroyed by a huge earthquake.

1967 – Abortion legalized in Colorado

1970 – Freda Payne releases “Band of Gold”

1971 – About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington

1972 – Hans-Werner Grosse glides 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12

1974 – Chancellor Willy Brandt sect Gunther Guillaume found to be a spy

1974 – NFL moves goal posts & adopts sudden-death playoff

1975 – 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

1975 – West German embassy blown-up in Stockholm Sweden

1976 – Cub centerfielder Rick Monday rescues US flag from 2 fans trying to set it on fire

1977 – Cin Reds tie record of 12 runs in 5th inning beating Braves 23-9

1978 – Supreme Court rules pension plans can’t require women to pay more

1979 – Peace treaty between Israel & Egypt goes into effect

1980 – Announcement of Jimmy Carter hostage rescue bungle in Iran

1981 – Mariners mgr Maury Wills is suspended for 2 games after ordering Seattle’s grounds crew to enlarge batter’s boxes by one foot

1981 – More than 100 workers are exposed to radiation during repairs of a nuclear power plant in Tsuruga, Japan.

1982 – In accordance with Camp David, Israel completes Sinai withdrawal

1983 – Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto’s orbit.

1985 – For 2nd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 goals in a Cup game

1985 – Roger Miller’s musical “Big River,” premieres in NYC

1985 – West German Parliament ruled it illegal to deny the holocaust

1986 – ETA bomb attacks Madrid killing 5

1988 – John Demjanjuk (Ivan the Terrible), sentenced to death in Jerusalem

1989 – Mike Tyson gets a speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY

 

 

 

1990 – Hubble space telescope is placed into orbit by shuttle Discovery

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a 6 year term as Nicaragua’s pres

1994 – 14″ of snow in Southern Calif

1994 – Bomb attack on taxi stand in Johannesburg, 10 killed

1994 – Fishing boat with school children capsize at Lanaka Syria, 46 killed

1994 – Mexican businessman & billionaire Angel Losada kidnap

1997 – Seattle Mariner Ken Griffey Jr hits his 250th HR

 

 

 

2005 – The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – 107 die in Amagasaki rail crash in Japan.

2007 – Boris Yeltsin’s funeral – the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.

2011 – At least 300 people killed in deadliest tornado outbreak in the Southern United States since the 1974 Super Outbreak.

 

 

 

 

Births

32 – Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor (d. 69)

1214 – Louis IX, King of France (1226-70)

1228 – Conrad IV, Andria Italy, King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily (d. 1254)

1284 – Edward II, King of England (1307-27)

1287 – Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (d. 1330)

 

 

 

1599 – Oliver CromwellPuritan lord protector of England (1653-58)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1621 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (d. 1679)

1694 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (d. 1753)

1710 – James Ferguson, astronomer

1725 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral (d. 1786)

1769 – Mark Isambard Brunel, engineer/inventor

1840 – James Dearing, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865

1868 – John Bevins Moisant, pioneer aviator, first to cross English Channel with passenger and a cat, killed in New Orleans whose present day airport was originally name for him. (D. 1910)

1869 – Karl Prohaska, composer

1874 – Guglielmo Marconi, Bologna Italy, inventor (radio, Nobel 1909)

1900 – Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)

1906 – William J Brennan Jr, NJ, 92nd Supreme Court judge (1956-90) [or 8/25]

1908 – Edward R Murrow, Pole Creek NC, newscaster (Person to Person)

1912 – Gladys L Presley, mother of Elvis

1913 – Earl Bostic, Tulsa OK, alto sax player (Flamingo, Temptation)

 

 

 

1917 – Ella Fitzgerald, Newport News VA, jazz singer (Is it live or Memorex)

 

Our Tribute To Ella

 

 

 

 

1923 – Albert King, Mississippi, blues singer/guitarist (Bad Luck Blues)

 

 Our Tribute To Albert 

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – Francis Graham-Smith, British astronomer

1929 – Yvette Williams, NZ, long jumper (Oly-gold-52)

1930 – Paul Mazursky, Brooklyn, writer/director (Moscow on the Hudson)

1931 – Felix Berezin, Russian mathematician (d. 1980)

1932 – Lia Manoliu, Romania, discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1968)

1932 – Meadowlark Lemmon, basketball star (Harlem Globetrotter) 

1933 – Jerry Leiber, songwriter (Leiber & Stoller)

1940 – Al Pacino, NYC, actor (And Justice For All, Godfather, Scorpio)

1940 – O B McClinton, [Burnett], country singer (Keep your arms around me)

1942 – Jon Kyl, (Rep-R-Arizona)

1945 – Bjorn Ulvaeus, rock vocalist/guitarist (ABBA-Waterloo, Dancing Queen)

1945 – Stu Cook, rock bassist (Creedence Clearwater Revival-Proud Mary)

1946 – Digby Fairweather, jazz trumpeter

1946 – Peter Sutherland, CEO (Allied Irish Banks)

1946 – Ronnie Gilbert, rocker (Lifeline, Harp)

1946 – Talia Shire, [Coppola], Lake Success NY, actress (Adrienne-Rocky)

1949 – Michael Brown, NYC, keyboardist (Left Bank-Don’t Walk Away Renee)

1949 – Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician

1953 – Ron Clements, American animation director

1955 – Joanne Abbott, Sarnia Ontario, yachter (Olympics-96)

1955 – John Nunn, British chess player

 

 

 

1961 – Dinesh D’SouzaAmerican author

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Andy Bell, rocker (Erasure-Oh L’Amour)

1964 – Hank Azaria, New York City, American actor (The Birdcage) and voice behind many characters in The Simpsons (Moe, Apu, Chief Wiggum, Comic Book Guy, Carl Carlson)

1965 – Eric Avery, American musician (Jane’s Addiction, Deconstruction, Polar Bear)

1967 – Angel Martino, Americus GA, 50m/100m freestyle (Oly-gold/2 br-92, 96)

1969 – Jon Olsen, US, 100m freestyle/400m/800m medley (Olymp-gold-1992, 96)

1969 – Marisa Pedulla, Bellefonte PA, half-lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1969 – Joe Buck, American sports broadcaster

1969 – Renée Zellweger, American actress

1971 – Andrew Grigg, CFL receiver (Hamilton Tiger Cats)

1971 – Brad Clontz, Stuart VA, pitcher (Atlanta Braves)

1978 – Letícia Birkheuer, Brazilian model

1981 – Felipe Massa, Brazilian Formula One driver

1981 – Anja Pärson, Swedish skier

1989 – Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, 11th Panchen Lama

 

 

 

 

Deaths

68 – Saint Mark, the first Pope of Alexandria and the founder of Christianity in Africa

974 – Ratherius of Verona/Liege, bishop/abbot, dies at about 84

1265 – Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, English crusader

1295 – Sancho IV, the Brave, scholar/king of Castile/Leon, dies

1342 – Benedict XII, [Jacques Fournier], Pope (1334-42), dies

1472 – Leon Battista degli Alberti, scupltor/musician (Dinner Pieces), dies

1482 – Margaret of Anjou, Queen (Henry VI), dies

1516 – John Yonge, English diplomat (b. 1467)

1605 – Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)

1607 – Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle

1607 – Jacob van Heemskerck, Dutch Admiral (Nova Zambia), dies in battle

1744 – Anders Celsius, Swed astronomer (Centegrade Thermometer), dies at 42

1770 – Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (b. 1700)

1792 – Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann, composer, dies at 54

1792 – Nicolas J Pelletier, French highwayman, 1st person guillotined

1808 – Alois Luigi Tomasini, composer, dies at 66

1822 – Frederick “William” Herschel, German/British astronomer, dies at 83

1840 – Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (b. 1781)

1853 – William Beaumont, physiologist, dies at 67

1862 – Charles Ferguson Smith, US Union Gen-Maj, dies of infection at 55

1873 – Walter de la Mare, Engl poet/author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43

1878 – Anna Sewell, English author (b. 1820)

1905 – Jacob Olie, Dutch photographer, dies at about 70

1915 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)

1937 – Clem Sohn, air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open

1972 – George Sanders, actor (Mr Freeze-Batman, Ivanhoe), dies at 65

1976 – Carol Reed, director (Agony & Ecstasy), dies

1988 – Clifford D[onald] Simak, sci-fi author (Hugo, Way Station), dies at 83

 

 

 

1990 – Dexter GordonJazz saxophonistdies of kidney failure at 67

 

Dexter Gordon

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1992 – Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese rock artist, dies at 26 of pulmonary edema

1994 – Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Moslem leader, shot dead at 32

1995 – Art Fleming, game show host (Jeopardy), dies at 74

1995 – Ginger Rogers, actress/dancer (Top Hat, Stage Door), dies at 83

1996 – Saul Bass, designer, dies at 74

2000 – Lucien le Cam, French mathematician (b. 1924)

 

 

 

2001 – Michele AlboretoItalian racecar driver (b. 1956)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2002 – Lisa Lopes, American rapper (TLC) (b. 1971)

2007 – Bobby “Boris” Pickett, American singer and songwriter (b. 1938)

2008 – Humphrey Lyttelton, Jazz musician and broadcaster, (b. 1921)

2009 – Beatrice Arthur, American comedian, actress, and singer, (b. 1922)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Happy Birthday Albert King

 

 

 

 

 

Wiki Bio

 

” One of the “Three Kings of the Blues Guitar” (along with B.B. King and Freddie King), Albert King stood 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) (some reports say 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m)) and weighed 250 pounds (110 kg) and was known as “The Velvet Bulldozer”. He was born Albert Nelson on a cotton plantation in Indianola, Mississippi. During his childhood he would sing at a family gospel group at a church where his father played the guitar. One of 13 children, King grew up picking cotton on plantations near Forrest City, Arkansas, where the family moved when he was eight.”

 

 

 

” He began his professional work as a musician with a group called In The Groove Boys in Osceola, Arkansas. Moving north to Gary, Indiana and later St. Louis, Missouri, he briefly played drums for Jimmy Reed‘s band and on several early Reed recordings. Influenced by blues musicians Blind Lemon Jefferson and Lonnie Johnson, the electric guitar became his signature instrument, his preference being the Gibson Flying V which he named “Lucy”. King earned his nickname “The Velvet Bulldozer” during this period as he drove one of them and also worked as a mechanic to make a living.”

 

 

 

” King moved to Gary, Indiana in the early 1950s, then to Chicago in 1953 where he cut his first single for Parrot Records, but it was only a minor regional success. He then went back to St. Louis in 1956 and formed a new band. During this period, he settled on using the Flying V as his primary guitar. He resumed recording in 1959 with his first minor hit, “I’m a Lonely Man,” written by Little Milton, who was Bobbin Records A&R man, a fellow guitar hero, and responsible for King’s signing with the label.”

 

 

 

 

albertking

 

 

 

AllMusic Bio

 

” Albert King is truly a “King of the Blues,” although he doesn’t hold that title (B.B. does). Along with B.B. and Freddie KingAlbert King is one of the major influences on blues and rock guitar players. Without him, modern guitar music would not sound as it does — his style has influenced both black and white blues players from Otis Rush and Robert Cray to Eric Clapton and Stevie Ray Vaughan. It’s important to note that while almost all modern blues guitarists seldom play for long without falling into a B.B. King guitar cliché, Albert King never does — he’s had his own style and unique tone from the beginning.”

 

 

 

” Albert King plays guitar left-handed, without re-stringing the guitar from the right-handed setup; this “upside-down” playing accounts for his difference in tone, since he pulls down on the same strings that most players push up on when bending the blues notes. King‘s massive tone and totally unique way of squeezing bends out of a guitar string has had a major impact. Many young white guitarists — especially rock & rollers — have been influenced by King‘s playing, and many players who emulate his style may never have heard of Albert King, let alone heard his music. His style is immediately distinguishable from all other blues guitarists, and he’s one of the most important blues guitarists to ever pick up the electric guitar.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Albert King left Bobbin in late 1962 and recorded one session for King Records in the spring of 1963, which were much more pop-oriented than his previous work; the singles issued from the session failed to sell. Within a year, he cut four songs for the local St. Louis independent label Coun-Tree, which was run by a jazz singer named Leo Gooden. Though these singles didn’t appear in many cities — St. Louis, Chicago, and Kansas City were the only three to register sales — they foreshadowed his coming work with Stax Records. Furthermore, they were very popular within St. Louis, so much so that Gooden resented King‘s success and pushed him off the label.”

 

 

 

” Following his stint at Coun-Tree, Albert King signed with Stax Records in 1966. Albert‘s records for Stax would bring him stardom, both within blues and rock circles. All of his ’60s Stax sides were recorded with the label’s house band, Booker T. & the MG’s, which gave his blues a sleek, soulful sound. That soul underpinning gave King crossover appeal, as evidenced by his R&B chart hits — “Laundromat Blues” (1966) and “Cross Cut Saw” (1967) both went Top 40, while “Born Under a Bad Sign” (1967) charted in the Top 50. Furthermore, King‘s style was appropriated by several rock & roll players, most notably Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton, who copied Albert‘s “Personal Manager” guitar solo on the Cream song, “Strange Brew.” Albert King‘s first album for Stax, 1967’s Born Under a Bad Sign, was a collection of his singles for the label and became one of the most popular and influential blues albums of the late ’60s. Beginning in 1968, Albert King was playing not only to blues audiences, but also to crowds of young rock & rollers. He frequently played at the Fillmore West in San Francisco and he even recorded an album, Live Wire/Blues Power, at the hall in the summer of 1968.”

 

 

 

” Early in 1969, King recorded Years Gone By, his first true studio album. Later that year, he recorded a tribute album to Elvis Presley (Blues for Elvis: Albert King Does the King’s Things) and a jam session with Steve Cropper and Pops Staples (Jammed Together), in addition to performing a concert with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra. For the next few years, Albert toured America and Europe, returning to the studio in 1971, to record the Lovejoy album. In 1972, he recorded I’ll Play the Blues for You, which featured accompaniment from the Bar-Kaysthe Memphis Horns, and the Movement. The album was rooted in the blues, but featured distinctively modern soul and funk overtones.”

 

 

 

 

 

Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame Bio

 

” In 1969, King performed live with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra, forming what was called an “87-piece blues band.” During the early Seventies, he recorded the album Lovejoy with a group of white rock singers and an Elvis Presley tribute album, Albert King Does the King’s Things. King continued to tour throughout the Seventies, and in June 1970, he joined the Doors onstage at a show in Vancouver, Canada.”

 

 

 

” King’s sound underwent a major change in the Seventies, as he teamed up with the Bar-Kays and the Memphis Horns on the albums I’ll Play the Blues for You and I Wanna Get Funky. That partnership gave his music a much funkier sound than it had on his earlier recordings, and the former album’s title track became one of his signature songs. King also worked with Allen Toussaint and some of the Meters during this period.”

 

 

 

 

 

Cascade Blues Bio

 ”  If the annals are ever logged as to who the most influential guitar greats of all time were, then there would be no question regarding the inclusion of the three “Kings” of the Blues: B.B.Freddie and Albert. There is little doubt of the impact that each of these artists brought to the future sounds of Blues, Soul and Rock ‘n’ Roll. Albert King was a master of the single-string attack and was intrigued by Blues performers that he heard while growing up outside of Memphis. In turn, he influenced a new generation of guitar players that would include the likes of Jimi HendrixEric Clapton and Stevie Ray Vaughan.”

”  On February 1, 1968, Albert King shared a bill that included John Mayall and Jimi Hendrix for opening night at a new venue in San Francisco called The Fillmore Auditorium. This popular music hall would become a second home for King, and later that same year he returned to record a live album “Live Wire / Blues Power” became one of the best-selling Live Blue! recordings ever and helped establishKing’s career further. Two other albums were released in the early 1990s that were taped during these same performances (“Wednesday Night In San Francisco: Recorded Live At The Fillmore Auditorium” and “Thursday Night In San Francisco…”  Though weaker than the original both serve as true testaments to the talents of Albert King’s guitar.”

” King continued to record with Stax, until the demise of the label in the mid-1970s. The output of this period included some strange mixtures for a Blues musician. In 1969, Albert became the first Blues performer to perform with a symphony orchestra in a concert that teamed him with the St. Louis Symphony. He recorded the album “Lovejoy “at Muscle Shoals with white Southern rockers and even released a tribute album to Elvis Presley, “Blues For Elvis: Albert King Does The King’s Things“. There was even an appearance on a comedy LP by Albert Brooks, “A Star Is Bought“. After Staxfolded, King would record for a number of labels that would include TomatoUtopia and Fantasy, until he decided to retire in the mid-1980s. Though Albert King had given up on recording, he still managed to find time to perform. He made cameo appearances on albums by up-coming Bluesmen like Chris Cain (“Cuttin’ Loose“) and Gary Moore (“Still Got The Blues“). He also made frequent stops at Blues festivals around the world, continuing to influence new generations of guitarists including Stevie Ray Vaughan and Robert Cray.”

” King played his final concert in Los Angeles on December 19, 1992. He died two days later at home in Memphis after suffering a sudden heart attack. After his funeral, a procession was led down Beale Street in a true New Orleans-style Jazz tradition, as the hearse bearing King’s body was led by the Memphis Horns playing “When The Saints Go Marching In“. King was laid to rest across the Mississippi River in the Paradise Gardens Cemetery in Edmondson, Arkansas, not far from where he spent his childhood.”   

“Albert King has been honored by The Blues Foundation with his induction into their Hall of Fame. Both “Born Under A Bad Sign” and “Live Wire / Blues Power” are also honored as Classics of Blues Recordings. But, the real honor for King is the love and everlasting respect that so many of his peers have given him. Stevie Ray Vaughan would call him “Daddy” and John Lee Hooker named him as one of his all-time favorite guitarists. Michael Bloomfield once said, “Albert can take four notes and write a volume. He can say more with fewer notes than anyone I’ve ever known.”  B.B. King stated in his autobiography “He wasn’t my brother in blood, but he sure was my brother in Blues.”  Albert King’s legend will live on.  Every time a Blues or Rock combo is on stage, in an arena or small nightclub, or just playing in their garage and grinds into “Born Under A Bad Sign” or “Crosscut Saw“, his influence will be shining true.”

 

 

 

” King died on December 21, 1992 from a heart attack in his Memphis, Tennessee home. His final concert had been in Los Angeles two days earlier. He was given a funeral procession with the Memphis Horns playing “When The Saints Go Marching In” and buried in Edmondson, Arkansas near his childhood home. B.B. King eulogized him by stating “Albert wasn’t my brother in blood, but he was my brother in blues.”

On December 11th, 2012, it was announced that King would be posthumously inducted into the 2013 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. “

 

 

 

 

 Albert Nelson King

 

    Apr. 25, 1923-Dec. 21, 1992

 

 

 

Discography

Albums

Born Under A Bad Sign

‎ ◄ (12 versions)

Stax

1967

 

Live Wire / Blues Power

‎ ◄ (11 versions)

Stax

1968

 

Albert King , Steve Cropper & Pops Staples – Jammed Together ‎ ◄ (5 versions)

Stax

1969

 

King Of The Blues Guitar

‎ ◄ (6 versions)

Atlantic

1969

 

Years Gone By

‎ ◄ (6 versions)

Stax

1969

 

King Does The King’s Thing

‎ ◄ (6 versions)

Stax

1969

 

Lovejoy

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1971

 

I’ll Play The Blues For You

‎ ◄ (9 versions)

Stax

1972

 

I Wanna Get Funky

‎ ◄ (4 versions)

StaxStax

1974

 

Albert King / Chico Hamilton / Little Milton – Montreux Festival ‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1974

 

Travelin “To California

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

King Records (3)

1976

 

Truckload Of Lovin’

‎ ◄ (8 versions)

Utopia (2)

1976

 

Albert Live

‎ ◄ (4 versions)

Utopia (2)

1977

 

The Pinch

‎ ◄ (5 versions)

StaxEMI

1977

 

King Albert

‎ ◄ (5 versions)

Tomato

1977

 

Albert

‎ ◄ (5 versions)

Tomato

1978

 

New Orleans Heat

‎ ◄ (8 versions)

Tomato

1978

 

San Francisco ’83

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Fantasy

1983

 

I’m In A Phone Booth Baby

‎ (LP)

Fantasy

1984

 

The Lost Session

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1986

 

Blues At Sunrise

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1988

 

Thursday Night In San Francisco

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax Records

1990

 

Wednesday Night In San Francisco

‎ ◄ (2 versions)

Stax

1990

 

Red House

‎ (LP, Album)

Essential

1991

 

Crosscut Saw – Albert King In San Francisco

‎ (CD, RM)

Stax

1992

 

Mean, Mean Blues

‎ (Cass, Album)

Highland Music

1993

 

Albert King With Stevie Ray Vaughan – In Session ‎ ◄ (9 versions)

Stax

1999

 

Live 69

‎ (CD, Album)

Tomato

2003

 

Talkin’ Blues

‎ (CD)

Thirsty Ear

2003

 

The Big Blues

‎ (LP, Album, RE)

Sundazed Music

2012

 

Live At The Blues Festival

‎ (LP, Album)

Links

100 GREATEST GUITARISTS

MTV Biography

Albert King: inducted in 2013 | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame …

Albert King, Mississippi Blues musician – Mississippi writers …

Albert King | Bio, Pictures, Videos | Rolling Stone

Albert King – Profile and Biography of Blues Guitarist Albert King …

Albert King Biography – Musician Biographies

Videos

Wattstax (1973)

Albert King – Live 1/7/78 Full Show

Albert King – Maintenance Shop Blues (Live 1981)

John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers 1982 Jam With Albert King , Etta James …

Stevie Ray Vaughan & Albert King in session 1983

Albert King & Stevie Ray Vaughan — In Session 2010 1983

B.B. King & Albert King – Japan Blues Carnival 1989

Albert King / Canned Heat Aussie Tour 1990

LiveLeak.com – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame – ALBERT KING

Interviews

Albert King – Interview

Albert King – Interview 2

Greg Koch On Meeting Albert King • Wildwood Guitars Story

 

 

 

Music

Albert King – King Albert Vinyl Records, CDs and LPs

iTunes – Music – Albert King – Apple

Albert King on Spotify

Amazon.com: Albert King

Albert King – Listen to Free Music on Pandora …

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mob Of Teenagers Beats Two High School Students In Philadelphia Subway Station

 

 

 

 

 

 

” A security video showing a mob of students brutally beating two high schoolers in a Philadelphia subway station on Tuesday is being investigated by the city’s transportation officers.

“ It’s an outrageous event. This is so dangerous, it’s not even funny,” Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority Police Chief Thomas J. Nestel III told Philly.com.

“ We have operating trains down there. There are passengers waiting for the train … it’s horrendous.”

  The video, which was time-stamped around 3:15 p.m., shows about a dozen teenagers either participating in a one-minute assault on two male students, or cheering it on.”

 

NY Daily News

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Real Side Effect Of A Gluten-Free Diet: Scientific Illiteracy

 

 

GLUTEN LIE

 

 

 

” Walk into any grocery store or coffee shop and you’ll find gluten-free muffins, gluten-free chips, and gluten-free bread. Gluten has replaced fat as the ingredient we love to shun.

  And yet, scientists can’t find any good evidence to support this fad. Gluten is a protein composite that gives shape to grains like wheat, rye, and barley. And it’s true that a very small fraction of people have celiac disease, a real medical condition that causes their bodies to violently reject gluten. But that’s only a small fraction of people, and it’s not enough to explain the craze. The rest of us are going gluten-free without any real scientific basis for doing so.

  It’s exactly because the gluten-free diet has surged in popularity recently, despite the science, that Alan Jay Levinovitz, a professor of philosophy and religion at James Madison University, became fascinated by it. I talked to him about his new book, The Gluten Lie, to better understand why we’ve gone against this grain to the tune of more than $10 billion this year. “

 

Read more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Census: Record 51 Million Immigrants In 8 years, Will Account For 82% Of U.S. Growth

 

 

 

” Legal and illegal immigrants will hit a record high of 51 million in just eight years and eventually account for an astounding 82 percent of all population growth in America, according to new U.S. Census figures.

  A report from the Center for Immigration Studies that analyzed the statistics said that by 2023, one in seven U.S. residents will be an immigrant, rising to one in five by 2060 when the immigrant population totals 78 million.”

 

 

 

 

 ” The report was provided to Secrets and released Wednesday evening.

  The surge in immigrant population, both legal and illegal, threatens to slam into the presidential campaign as GOP candidates move to figure out what their position is and the president tries to use executive powers to exempt some 5 million illegals from deportation.

” These numbers have important implications for workers, schools, infrastructure, congestion and the environment,” said Steven Camarota, the center’s director of research. “They also may have implications for our ability to successfully assimilate and integrate immigrants. Yet there has been almost no national debate about bringing in so many people legally each year, which is the primary factor driving these numbers.” “

 

Washington Examiner has more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

215 BC – A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene.

 

 

 

1014 – King Brian Boru of Ireland beats Danes at Battle of Clontarf

 

 

 

 

 

 

1154 – Damascus surrenders to sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo

1229 – Ferdinand III of Castile conquers Cáceres.

1343 – St. George’s Night Uprising.

1348 – 1st English order of knighthood founded (Order of Garter)

1500 – Pedro Cabral lands & annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)

1501 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral & 6 ships return to Lisbon

1597 – William Shakespeare’s The Merry Wives of Windsor is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.

1635 – Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded

1662 – Connecticut chartered as an English colony

1789 – President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, NY

1795 – William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason

1827 – William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of systems of rays.

1838 – English steamship “Great Western” crossing Atlantic docks in NYC

1861 – Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith

1864 – Battle of Cane River, LA (Red River Expedition, Monett’s Ferry)

1867 – Queen Victoria & Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel

 

 

 

1871 – Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up

 

 

 

 

 

 

1896 – Vitascope system of movie projection 1st shown at Koster & Bial’s Music Hall (NYC) 

1900 – 1st know occurrence of word “hillbillie” (NY Journal)

1915 – ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)

1918 – Battle of Zeebrugge ends

1919 – Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season

1921 – Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)

1924 – British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley

1932 – Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon

1932 – The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands burns down.

1938 – Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

1939 – Boston Red Sox Ted Williams hits his 1st HR

 

 

 

1940 – Dance hall fire kills 207 (Natchez Miss)

Natchez Fire

 

 

 

 

 

 

1941 – Greece Army surrenders to German Nazis RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt

1942 – 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins

1942 – Luftwaffe bombs Exeter

1943 – British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta

1945 – Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated

1945 – US troops in Italy cross river Po

1949 – Chinese Red army conquerors Nanjing

1950 – Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island

1952 – Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed

1953 – General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA

1954 – Hammerin’ Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers

1956 – US Supreme court ends race segregation on buses

1958 – Gil Hodges hits his 300th HR & Pee Wee Reese plays in 2,000th game

1959 – 1st heliport in Britain opens in London

1962 – 1st US satellite to reach the moon launched

1968 – 1st decimal coins issued in Britain (5 & 10 pence)

1969 – LA Laker Jerry West scores 53 points

1969 – Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing Bobby Kennedy

1971 – Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike

 

 

 

1972 – Apollo 16 astronauts explores Moon surface

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Milt workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa

1977 – Czech chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously & only loses 10

1978 – Reds Joe Morgan ends record streak of 91 cons errorless games at 2nd

1982 – Conch Republic is established.

1984 – AIDS-virus identified (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

1985 – New Coke debuts

1987 – 28 construction workers killed in an apt collapse in Bridgeport, Ct

1988 – A Greek pedals self-powered aircraft, 74 miles

1988 – Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hrs or less

1989 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar plays his last game as a Laker

1989 – Nolan Ryan blows a no hitter in 9th inning

1992 – Marion Berry (former mayor of Wash DC) let out of prison

1992 – McDonald’s opens its 1st fast-food restaurant in China

1994 – General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Norm Duke

1994 – Libertarian party nominates Howard Stern for Governor of NY

1995 – Pres Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City

1997 – Omaria massacre in Algeria: 42 villagers are killed.

2003 – Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.

 

 

 

2009 – The gamma ray burst GRB 090423 is observed for 10 seconds as the most distant object of any kind and also the oldest known object in the universe.

GRB090423

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012 – 38,000 London Marathon entrants have their home and email contacts published in a data protection breach

 

 

 

Births

1170 – Isabelle of Hainaut, queen of France (d. 1190)

1185 – King Afonso II of Portugal (d. 1223)

1464 – Johanna van Valois, Queen of France

1464 – Robert Fayrfax, composer

1484 – Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italy, scholar (On the Subtlety of Things)

1598 – Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp, naval commander

1621 – William Penn, English admiral (d. 1670)

1697 – George Baron Anson, British admiral/explorer

1728 – Samuel Wallis, explorer (Wallis Island)

1746 – Félix Vicq-d’Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)

 

 

 

1791 – James BuchananCove Gap PA, (Fed/Dem), 15th US president (1857-61)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1792 – John Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist (d. 1882)

1813 – Stephen Arnold Douglas, (Little giant), US senator (Lincoln debates)

 

 

 

1858 – Max K E Ludwig PlanckGerman physicist (Planck ConstantNobel 1918)

 

Max Planck

 

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev, Sontsovka, Ukraine, composer (Peter and the Wolf)

1895 – Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)

 

 

 

1897 – Lucius du Bignon ClayUSgeneral (WW II)/gov (West Germany)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1899 – Vladimir Nabokov, St Petersburg, Russia, novelist (Lolita, Ada)

1903 – Guy Simonds, youngest general officer in the Canadian army (d 1974)

1906 – Marcel Hillaire, Cologne Germany, actor (Adv in Paradise)

1908 – Myron Waldman, American animator (d. 2006)

1911 – Simone Simon, France, actress (All Money Can Buy, Ladies in Love)

1914 – Mitsu Suzuki, teacher of tea ceremony at SF Zen Center

1915 – Arnold Hall, CEO (Hawker Siddeley Group)

1917 – Jacob Kistemaker, nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge)

1917 – Dorian Leigh, American supermodel (d. 2008)

1918 – Gordon Hirabayshi, Seattle, Washington, American civil rights activist and WWII internment opponent (Hirabayshi v. United States), (d. 2012)

1919 – Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet double-agent

1920 – Eric Yarrow, CEO (Clydesdale Bank)

1921 – Warren Spahn, left-handed pitcher (Boston/Milwaukee Braves)

1922 – Boy [Segundo JA] Ecury, Aruba, resistance fighter

1924 – Colin Welch, columnist/critic

1928 – Shirley Temple Black, Ca, actress (Heidi)/ambassador (UN)

1932 – Halston, [R Halston Frowick], fashion designer (1972 Hall of Fame)

1932 – Jim Fixx, jogger/writer (Jim Fixx on Running)

1936 – Roy Orbison, Vernon Tx, rocker (Pretty Woman)

1939 – David Birney, Wash DC, actor (Brigette Loves Bernie, St Elsewhere)

1940 – Lee Majors, [Harvey Yeary], Mich, TV actor ($6,000,000 Man, Stunt Man)

1940 – Richard Monaco, US, sci-fi author (Grail War, Final Quest)

1942 – Sandra Dee, [Zuck], Bayonne NJ, actress (Gidget, Imitation of Life)

1943 – Herve Villechaize, France, “Da Plane! Da Plane!” (Fantasy Island)

1947 – Bernadette Devlin McAliskey, Ireland, political activist [or 1940]

1947 – Saskia, [Trudy van den Berg], singer (S & Serge, Spinning Wheel)

1948 – Richard Day, engineer/development expert

1949 – Blair Brown, Wash DC, actress (Altered States, Molly Dodd)

1949 – Joyce DeWitt, Wheeling WV, actress (Janet Wood-Three’s Company)

1952 – Narada, [Michael Walden], Mich, rocker (Don’t Want Nobody Else)

1955 – Judy Davis, Perth Australia, actress (Husbands & Wives)

1957 – Jan Hooks, Decatur Georgia, comedienne actress (SNL, Designing Women)

1960 – Steve Clark, Hillsborough England, rock guitarist (Def Leppard)

1960 – Valerie Bertinelli, Del, (1 Day at a Time, Sydney); Ms Eddie Van Halen

1961 – George Lopez, American actor and comedian

1964 – Gen, [Simon Matthews], English pop drummer (Jesus Jones-Zeroes & Ones)

1965 – Donna Weinbrecht, skier (Olympic-gold)

1967 – Brent Muscat, rocker (Faster Pussycat-Wake Me When It’s Over)

1967 – Melina Kanakaredes, Akron Ohio, actress (Eleni Andros-Guiding Light)

1968 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001)

1969 – Yelena Shushunova, Russian gymnast

1969 – Richard Wolstencroft, Australian Filmmaker

1977 – John Cena, American professional wrestler

1979 – Barry Fratelli, Scottish bassist (The Fratellis)

1979 – Jaime King, American actress

1981 – Joanna Krupa, Supermodel/actress

1981 – Chris Sharma, American rock climber/boulderer

1983 – Jennifer Heil, Canadian free style skier

1986 – Jessica Stam, Canadian supermodel

 

 

 

Deaths

34 – Christ, crucified, according to Isaac Newton

303 – Saint George, Greek officer in the Roman army, beheaded. Patron saint of many lands including England

725 – Wihtred, King of Kent

871 – Ethelred I, king of Wessex/brother of Alfred the Great, dies

990 – Ekkehart II, [Palatinus], monk to St-Gallen/poet, dies

997 – Vojtech “Adalbert” of Prague, 2nd bishop of Prague/apostle, dies at 40

1014 – Brian Boru, High King of Ireland, dies in battle at Clontarf

1016 – Æthelred II “the Unready”, king of England (979-1016), dies

1151 – Queen Adeliza of England (b. 1103)

1217 – King Inge II of Norway (b. 1185)

1407 – Olivier de Clisson, French soldier (b. 1326)

1416 – Blaise/Blasius of Parma, Ital astrologist/philosopher/algebra, dies

1605 – Boris Godunov, chief adviser to Tsar Fyodor I and Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies after a lengthy illness and a stroke at approximately 20

1616 – Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Spanish writer (Don Quixote), dies at 69

1616 – William Shakespeare, English poet and playwright (b. 1564) (Julian calendar) dies aged 52

1625 – Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, dies at 57

1774 – Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, painter, dies

1781 – James Abercrombie, British general (b. 1706)

1792 – Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer (b. 1741)

1794 – Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (executed) (b. 1721)

1839 – Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (b. 1768)

1853 – Auguste Laurent, chemist, dies

1865 – James Dearing, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 24

1895 – Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig, physiologist, dies

1895 – Carl Ludwig, German physician (b. 1815)

 

 

 

1907 – Alfred PackerAmerican Cannibal (b. 1842)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – Percy Thomson Dean, lt-commander, killed at Zeebrugge, dies

1951 – Charles G. Dawes, Vice President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)

1975 – Pete Ham, rocker (Badfinger), commits suicide by hanging himself at 27

1983 – Buster Crabbe, 400m US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932), dies at 73

1986 – Harold Arlen, [Hyman Arluck], US composer, murdered at 81

1986 – Otto Preminger, dir (Advise & Consent, Anatomy of Murder), dies at 79

1990 – Albert Salmi, (Caddyshack), kills terminally ill wife & self at 62

1991 – Johnny Thunders, American musician (b. 1952)

1995 – Howard Cosell, sportscaster (Monday Night Football), dies at 77

1995 – John Stennis, (Sen-D-MS), dies at 93

 

 

 

1995 – Lonesome Sundownblues singer/guitaristdies at 66

 

Lonesome+Sundown+lonesome

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1996 – Leonard Kuntstat, blues discographer, dies at 70

1996 – Pamela Lyndon Travers, writer (Mary Poppins), dies at 96

1996 – Jean-Victor Allard, Canadian military officer (b. 1913)

1998 – James Earl Ray, American assassin (b. 1928)

2003 – James H. Critchfield, American Central Intelligence agent (b. 1917)

2005 – John Mills, English actor (b. 1908)

2006 – Johnnie Checketts, New Zealand fighter pilot (b. 1912)

2007 – Paul Erdman, American economist and author (b. 1932)

2007 – David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (b. 1934)

2007 – Boris Yeltsin, first President of the Russian Federation (b. 1931)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

‘A Concerned 8-Year-Old Citizen’ Writes Brutal Letter To Michelle Obama

 

 

 

 

” A friend sends along an email attachment—a handwritten letter by his 8-year-old son, Peter. It’s addressed to First Lady Michelle Obama. “It all started because he saw something about school lunches [and] how ketchup is bad for you, and that Michelle Obama wants to limit the amount of ketchup” in schools, my friend explained. When the boy’s mother reminded him he attends a private school, making the ketchup rationing a nonissue, “He said something about wanting to ‘give a voice to the voiceless.’”

  But ketchup is actually the least of the boy’s concerns, as he then continues onto foreign policy, the crisis in the Middle East, and the need for boots on the ground. (“He also disipionted millons of Americans by not bombing Syria.”) In addition, Peter recommends that the president urge the United Nations to send peacekeepers to Ukraine.”

 

Weekly Standard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

296 – St Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

536 – St. Agapetus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1056 – Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye

1073 – Pope Alexander II buried/Ildebrando chosen as Pope Gregory VII

1145 – 19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1370 – Bastille begins being built in Paris

1500 – Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil & claims it for Portugal

1526 – 1st slave revolt occurs in SC

1659 – Lord protector Cromwell disbands English parliament

1676 – Battle of Etna – Neth/Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded

1677 – Battle at Catania: between French & Dutch fleet

1793 – Pres Washington attends opening of Rickett’s, 1st circus in US

1796 – Napoleon defeats Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi

1823 – R J Tyers patents roller skates

1861 – Robert E Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces

1898 – 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship

1898 – Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry

1898 – US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors

1903 – American Power Boat Association forms

1914 – Mexico ends diplomatic relations with US

 

 

 

1915 – 1st military use of poison gas (chlorineby Germanyin WW I

 

 

 

 

 

 

1915 – 2nd Battle of Ypres begins

 

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – South Ossetian Autonomous Region forms in Georgian SSR

1930 – US, Britain & Japan sign London Naval Treaty

1940 – Rear Adm Joseph Taussig testifies before US Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable (He was right)

1943 – RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea

1951 – Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC

1952 – 1st atomic explosion on network news, Nob, Nevada

1954 – Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government

1954 – NBA adopts 24-second shot clock & 6 team-foul rule

1955 – Congress orders all US coins bear motto “In God We Trust”

1962 – NY Mets tiea NL record by losing 9 straight to start season

 

 

 

1964 – World’s Fair (Flushing MeadowCorona ParkNYopens

 

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – 1st human eye transplant performed

1970 – 1st Earth Day held internationally to conserve natural resources

1970 – Flat Earth celebrated

1970 – NY Met Jerry Grote sets record of 20 put outs by a catcher

1970 – NY Met Tom Seaver strikes out last 10 Padres, for a total of 19

1976 – Barbara Walters becomes 1st female nightly network news anchor

1976 – Director Ingmar Bergman leaves Sweden due to taxation

1979 – Mick Jaggar & Keith Richards give a benefit concert in Canada

1981 – Largest US bank robbery (Tucson Ariz), more than $3.3 million stolen

1987 – Sri Lanka Air Force bomb Tamil, 100s killed

1991 – Intel releases 486SX chip

1991 – Johnny Carson announces he will retire next year from Tonight Show

1992 – Gas explodes in sewer, kills 200 in Guadalajara Mexico

1992 – Plane crash at Perris Valley Airport California, kills 16 parachutists

1993 – Candid Camera creator Allen Funt suffers a stroke at 78

 

 

 

1993 – Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Wash DC

 

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – The web browser Mosaic version 1.0 is released.

1994 – 7,000 Tutsi’s slaughtered in stadium of Kibuye Rwanda

1994 – In Denmark the largest lollipop, weighing 3,011 pounds, made

1994 – Michael Moorer beats Evander Holyfield in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1997 – Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria – 93 villagers killed.

1998 – Disney’s Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.

 

 

 

2000 – In a pre-dawn raidfederal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives’ home in Miami, Florida.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004 – Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.

2006 – Four Canadian soldiers are killed 75 kilometers north of Kandahar, Afghanistan by a roadside bomb planted by Taliban militants, the worst single day combat loss for the Canadian army since the Korean War.

 

 

 

Births

1357 – Johan I, King of Portugal (1383-1433)

1451 – Isabella I, of Castile, Queen of Spain (1479-1504), patron of Columbus

1610 – Alexander VIII, [Pietro Ottoboni], Italy, lawyer/Pope (1689-91)

1640 – Mariana Alcoforado, Portugal, nun

1692 – James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770)

1707 – Henry Fielding, England, novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)

1711 – Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)

 

 

 

1724 – Immanuel KantKonigsberg Germphilosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)

Immanuel_Kant_3

 

 

 

 

 

 

1744 – James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)

1773 – Jean V baron de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader

1775 – Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)

1799 – Jean Poiseuille, physician/physiologist (blood pressure)

1818 – Cadwallader Colden Washburn, Major General (Union volunteers)

1823 – Alfred Gibbs, Major General (Union Army), died in 1868

1827 – William Hopkins Morris, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900

1866 – Hans von Seeckt, German general (Future of the Reich)

1870 – Nikolai Lenin, [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Bolshevik/USSR revolutionist

1891 – Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)

1904 – J[ulius] Robert Oppenheimer, NY, head of Manhattan (A-bomb) Project

1907 – Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)

1908 – Eddie Albert, [Heimberger], Rock Island Il, actor (Oliver-Green Acres)

1909 – Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)

1914 – Jan de Hartog, Dutch/English writer (Holland’s Glory)

1916 – Yehudi Menuhin, NYC, violinist/conductor (Bartok’s Sonata)

 

 

 

1922 – Charles MingusArizonajazz bassist (Pithecanthropus Erectus)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1923 – Betty Page, Kingsport Tn, playmate (Jan, 1955)/model (Dark Angel)

1923 – Paula Fox, US children’s books author (Poor George)

1923 – Aaron Spelling, American television producer (Charlie’s Angels), (d. 2006)

1926 – Charlotte Rae, Milwaukee Wisc, actress (Edna-Facts of Life)

1926 – James Stirling, Scottish D-day-parachutist/architect/knight

1933 – John A Llewellyn, Cardiff Wales, astronaut

1934 – 9th viscount Portman, British large landowner/multi-millionaire

1934 – John K Barlow, English rubberplanter/financier/multi-millionaire

1935 – Paul Chambers, American jazz bassist (d. 1969)

1936 – Glen Campbell, Delight Ark, actor/singer (Time I Get to Phoenix)

1937 – Jack Nicholson, NJ, actor (One Flew Over Cuckoo’s Nest, Shining)

1943 – Mel Carter, singer (Hold Me Thrill Me Kiss Me)

1944 – Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)

1946 – John Waters, director (Hairspray)

1949 – Spencer Haywood, Silver City Ms, NBAer (Oly-gold-1968, Knicks)

1950 – Peter Frampton, Kent Engld, guitarist/vocalist (Frampton Comes Alive)

1951 – Paul Carrack, Sheffield England, rock vocalist (Squeeze/Ace-How Long)

1952 – Marilyn Chambers, American adult actress

1956 – Catherine Mary Stewart, Edmonton, actress (Passion & Paradise)

1957 – Donald Tusk, Polish Prime Minister

 

 

 

1959 – Ryan StilesSeattle Washactor (LewisDrew Carey Show)

 

Ryan Stiles

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Byron Allen, LA California, comedian (Real People, Byron Allen Show)

1961 – Jeff Hostetler, NFL QB (NY Giants, Raiders, Redskins/1990 Superbowl)

1962 – Jeff Minter, English video game programmer

1967 – Bart Bowen, Albuquerque NM, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1967 – Sherri Shepherd, American comedian and actress

1969 – Craig Logan, Scotland, rock bassist (Bros Front, Bon Jovi-New Jersey)

1972 – Anna Falchi, Tampera Finland, actress (La Dolce Vita ’90)

1975 – Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)

1978 – Esteban Tuero, Argentinian race car driver

1986 – Amber Heard, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

296 – Pope Caius

536 – St. Agapetus I, Italian Pope (535-36), dies

1253 – Elias van Cortona, Italian general (1232-39), dies at about 53

1355 – Eleonora Plantagenet, daughter of King Edward II, dies at 36

1462 – Gilbert of Lannoy, master of Villerval/Tronchiennes/Santes, dies

1521 – Juan de Padilla, Spanish nobleman/communero-rebel, beheaded

1592 – Bartolommeo Ammanati, Italian sculptor/architect, dies at 80

1672 – Georg Stiernhielm, Swed scholar/author/poet (Hercules), dies at 73

1758 – Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)

1778 – James Hargreaves, inventor (spinning jenny), dies

1806 – Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)

1833 – Richard Trevithick, inventor (steam locomotive), dies at 62

1864 – Joseph Gilbert Totten, US Union general-major, dies at 76

1865 – Francis Washburn, US Union colonel/gen major, dies of injuries

1877 – James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer (b. 1807)

1893 – Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (b. 1825)

1896 – Thomas Meik, British civil engineer (b. 1812)

1933 – Frederick Henry Royce, motorcar pioneer, dies

1946 – Harlan Fiske Stone, Chief Justice Supreme Court (1941-46), dies at 73

1946 – Lionel Atwill, actor (Capt Blood, Great Waltz), dies at 61

1978 – Will Geer, actor (Grandpa Walton-Waltons), dies at 75

1980 – Tommy Caldwell, rocker (Marshall Tucker Band), dies

1983 – Earl “Fatha” Hines, US, jazz pianist/conductor, dies

 

 

 

1984 – Ansel AdamsUS photographerdies at 82

 

 

 

 

 

 

1985 – Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (b. 1900)

1989 – Huey Newton, US, Black Panther leader, shot dead at 47

1992 – Billy Wayne White, murderer, executed in Texas at 34

1994 – Richard Nixon, 37th President (1969-75), dies of a stroke at 81

1996 – Erma Bombeck, humorist (Grass is Greener), dies at 69

1999 – Chan Canasta, magician and mindreader (b. 1920)

2002 – Linda Lovelace, American adult actress (b. 1949)

 

 

 

2004 – Pat TillmanAmerican football player and U.S. Army Ranger (killed in action) (b. 1976)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004 – Jason L. DunhamAmericanUSMC , Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)

 

 

\

 

Navy Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Philip Morrison, American physicist (b. 1915)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

753 BC – Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date).

43 BC – Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.

953 – Otto I the Great gives Utrecht fishing rights

1420 – Treaty of Saint Maartens Dike

1453 – Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople

1509 – Henry the VIII becomes King of England

1521 – Battle at Villalar: Emperor Charles I beats Communards

1526 – Battle at Panipat: Mogol Emperor Babur beats sultan Ibrahim Lodi

1572 – France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant

1649 – Maryland Toleration Act passed, allowing all freedom of worship

1689 – William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed king & queen of England

1789 – John Adams sworn in as 1st US VP (9 days before Washington)

1792 – Tiradentes, a revolutionary leading movement for Brazil’s independence, is hanged, drawn and quartered.

1794 – NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British

1828 – Noah Webster publishes 1st American dictionary

 

 

 

1836 – Battle of San Jacintoin which Texas wins independence from Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

 

1855 – 1st train crosses Miss River’s 1st bridge, Rock Is Ill-Davenport Ia

1857 – Alexander Douglas patents the bustle

1862 – Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Co

1865 – Abraham Lincoln’s funeral train leaves Washington

1878 – First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn

1878 – NY installs 1st firehouse pole

1878 – Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia

1898 – Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.

1904 – Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League)

1913 – Gideon Sundback of Sweden patents the zipper

 

 

 

1914 – US marines occupy Vera CruzMexicostay 6 months

 

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – World War I: German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, known as “The Red Baron”, is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France.

1922 – The first Aggie Muster is held as a remembrance for fellow Aggies who had died in the previous year.

1930 – Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322

1934 – Moe Berg, Senators catcher, plays AL record 117th cons errorless game

1945 – Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory

1945 – He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die

1945 – Russia army arrives at outskirts of Berlin

1945 – US 7th Army occupies Neurenberg

 

 

1948 – 1st Polaroid camera was sold in US

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)

1952 – Secretary’s Day (now Administrative Professionals’ Day) is first celebrated.

1954 – Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of USSR

1954 – USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam

1955 – Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die

1956 – Elvis Presley’s 1st hit record, “Heartbreak Hotel,” becomes #1

1959 – 1211-kg great white shark becomes largest fish ever caught on a rod

1959 – Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16′ 10″ white shark

1961 – French army revolts in Algeria

1961 – USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m

1963 – Beatles meet Rolling Stones for 1st time

1965 – New York World’s Fair reopens for 2nd & final season

1967 – Dodgers 1st rain out in Los Angeles (after 737 consecutive games)

1967 – Josef Stalin’s daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defects to US

1967 – Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier

1970 – Reds clout 7 HRs by 6 batters, Braves counter with 3 HRs, 6 for one team & 9 different batters for two teams, all tie or set records

1972 – John Young & Charles Duke explores Moon (Apollo 16)

1972 – Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 4 (Copernicus) launched

1981 – US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia

1983 – 1 pound coin introduced in United Kingdom

1984 – “Nightline” reverts back from 1 hour to ½ hour

1984 – Centers for Disease Cont says virus discovered in France causes AIDS

1984 – Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph

1986 – Bob Hering sets Formula One power boat record (165.338 mph, Ariz)

 

 

 

1986 – Geraldo Rivera opens Al Capone’s vault on TV & finds nothing

 

 

 

 

 

1987 – Tamil bomb attack in Colombo Sri Lanka, 115 killed

1989 – George W Bush & Edward W Rose become CEO of Texas Rangers

1989 – Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing’s Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom

1990 – “Cartoon All Stars to Rescue” shown on all 4 TV networks

1992 – Mobil Oil tug with 12,000 gallons of oil run aground in Arthur Kill

1995 – FBI arrested Timothy McVeigh & charge him with Oklahoma City bombing

1996 – Chicago Bulls win NBA record 72 games (72-8)

1997 – Ashes of Timothy Leary & Gene Roddenberry launched into orbit

 

 

 

2008 – The United States Air Force retires the F-117 Nighthawk.

 

 

 

Births

1488 – Ulrich von Hutten, German poet/humanist/patriot

1546 – Arcangelo Crivelli, composer

1555 – Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1619)

1619 – John A van Riebeeck, colonial director/founder (Cape Colony)

1652 – Michel Rolle, French mathematician (d. 1719)

1671 – John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)

1774 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer (balloonist)

1775 – Alexander Anderson, US, engraver/illustrator (Shakespeare)

1803 – Levin Minn Powell, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885

1809 – Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter, Secy State (Confederacy)

1816 – Charlotte Bronte, Tornton England, novelist (Jane Eyre)

1834 – William Rufus Terrill, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1838 – John Muir, US, naturalist/discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras)

1849 – Oskar Hertwig, Germany, embryologist, discovered fertilization

1851 – Charles Barrois, French geologist (d. 1939)

1864 – Max Weber, German sociologist/economist/historian (Ancient Judaism)

1870 – Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer (d. 1941)

1872 – GW Bitzer, [Johann Gottlob Wilhelm Bitzer], Roxbury MA

1882 – Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)

1889 – Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)

1896 – Henry M de Montherlant, French novelist and stage author (La Reine Morte)

1905 – Edmund G “Pat” Brown, (Gov-D-California)

1911 – Leonard Warren, NYC, baritone, Met 1939-60) died on stage

1911 – Ivan Combe, American inventor (d. 2000)

1912 – Eve Arnold, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, photojournalist (Marilyn Monroe) (d. 2012)

1913 – Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)

1913 – Norman Parkinson, England, fashion photographer, Harper’s Bazaar)

 

 

 

1915 – Anthony QuinnMexicoactorZorba the GreekLawrence of Arabia)

Actor, Anthony Quinn

 

 

 

 

1919 – Don Cornell, American singer (d. 2004)

1924 – Daniel Melnick, NYC, producer, Get Smart)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
1927 – Gerald Flood, British actor (d. 1989)

1930 – Don Tyson, founder, Tyson Foods)

1930 – Silvana Mangano, Rome Italy, actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas)

1932 – Elaine May, Phila Pa, comedienne/writer/actress, New Leaf)

1936 – Bob Cleary, US, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)

1936 – James Dobson, American evangelist

1937 – Charles Lee Herron, Ky, FBI most wanted fugitive (Jan 1 1986)

1942 – Bobby McClure, US gospel singer (Don’t Mess Up a Good Thing)

1947 – Alan Warner, rocker (Foundations)

1947 – Iggy Pop, [James Osterberg], Mich, rocker (Zombie Birdhouse)

1949 – Patti LuPone, Northport NY, actress/singer (Evita, Life Goes On)

1951 – Tony Danza, Brooklyn, (Tony Banta-Taxi, Tony Micelli-Who’s the Boss)

1958 – Andie MacDowell, [Rosali Anderson], SC, actress (Green Card) [or 2/12]

1959 – Jerry Only, American musician (The Misfits)

1959 – Michael Timmins, Canadian musician (Cowboy Junkies)

1960 – Julius Korir, Kenya, 3K steeplechaser (Olympic-gold-1984)

1962 – Sergei Viktorovich Zalyotin, Russia, major/cosmonaut

1971 – Samantha Druce, youngest woman to swim English Channel

1971 – Alexander Kravchenko, Russian professional poker player

1971 – Hasan Akbar, American convicted murderer

1975 – Danyon Joseph Loader, Dunedin NZ, 200m/400m swimmer (Olymp-2 gold-96)

1978 – Branden Steineckert, American drummer (Rancid), (The Used)

1980 – Tony Romo, American football player

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1073 – Alexander II, [Anselmo da Baggio], Pope (1061-73), dies

1109 – Anselmus, philosopher/archbishop of Canterbury, dies

1142 – Pierre Abélard, French writer (b. 1079)

1329 – Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)

1509 – Henry VII, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509), dies at 52

1551 – Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)

1552 – Peter Apianus, [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German astronomer, dies at 50

1557 – Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (b. 1495)

1574 – Cosimo de Medici, Italian duke of Toscane, dies at about 54

1699 – Jean Racine, French dramatist (b. 1639)

1701 – Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (b. 1667)

1722 – Robert Beverley, Jr., historian of Colonial Virginia (b. 1673)

1730 – Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps), dies at 79

1792 – Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary (b. 1746)

1825 – Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)

1852 – Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)

 

 

 

1910 – Mark Twain, [Samuel Clemens], author (Huckleberry Finn), dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – “Red Baron”, [Manfred von Richtofen], shot down in WW I at 25

1938 – Muhammad Iqbal, Brt E Indies lawyer/Pakistan national hero, dies at 65

1946 – John Maynard Keynes, English economist (b. 1883)

1962 – Frederick Handley Page, designer of 1st big airplane (40 seats), dies

1965 – Edward V Appleton, English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), dies at 72

1967 – Andre L Danjon, French astronomer, dies at 77

1968 – Toby Halicki, car-crash film producer 48, killed shooting stunt

1971 – Francois “Doc” Duvalier, dictator of Haiti, dies at 64

1977 – Gummo [Milton] Marx, US comic (Marx Brothers), dies at 84

1980 – Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)

1985 – Rudi Gernreich, US designer (miniskirt), dies at 62

1990 – Erté, French artist (b. 1892)

1992 – Robert Harris, murderer, executed in Calif’s gas chamber at 39

1996 – Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), dies at 52

1996 – Jimmy “The Greek” Snyder, oddsmaker/sportscaster (CBS), dies at 76

 

 

 

2003 – Nina SimoneAmerican singer and pianist (b. 1933)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2004 – Mary McGrory, American journalist (b. 1918)

2005 – Gerry Marshall, British racing driver (b. 1941)

2008 – Al Wilson, American singer (b. 1939)

2012 – Charles Colson, Nixon adviser (Watergate), dies from a brain hemorrhage at 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

295 – 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

850 – Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne

1139 – 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1505 – Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg

1551 – John Dudley becomes English Earl Marshal

1657 – Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet

1689 – The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.

1702 – Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth

1770 – Capt Cook arrives in New South Wales

1775 – British begin siege of Boston

1777 – New York adopts new constitution as an independent state

1792 – France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia

1809 – Napoleon I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

1828 – René Caillié is first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou.

1836 – Territory of Wisconsin created

 

 

 

1841 – 1st detective story (Poe’s “Murders in Rue Morgue“) published

 

 

 

 

 

 

1853 – Harriet Tubman starts Underground Railroad

1861 – Battle of Norfolk, VA

1861 – Colonel Robert E Lee resigns from Union army

1862 – The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.

1879 – 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus

1894 – 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase

1902 – Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride

1904 – Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis

1910 – Halley’s Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km

1912 – Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11

1914 – 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo

1916 – German-British sea battle off Belgian coast

1918 – Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.

1919 – Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army

1920 – 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium

1920 – Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

1934 – Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police

1945 – US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg

1945 – US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa

1951 – Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators

1961 – American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight

1962 – NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m

1962 – New Orleans Citizens Co gives free 1-way ride to blacks to move North

1962 – OAS-leader ex-general Salan arrested in Algiers

1964 – 86% of black students boycott Cleveland schools

1965 – People’s Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid

1967 – NY Met Tom Seaver’s 1st victory, beats Cubs, 6-1

1967 – US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon

1967 – US planes bomb Haiphong for 1st time during Vietnam War

1968 – Pierre Elliott Trudeau sworn-in as Canada’s PM

1968 – English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.

1970 – Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria

1971 – US Supreme Court upholds use of busing to achieve racial desegregation

1972 – Apollo 16’s Young & Duke land on Moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2

1976 – George Harrison sings lumberjack song with Monty Python

1977 – Supreme Court rules “Live Free or Die” may be covered on NH licenses

1980 – Cubans begin to arrive in US from Mariel boatlift

1981 – Final performance of TV show “Soap” airs

1983 – Pres Reagan signs a $165B bail out for Social Security

1984 – Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghanistan

1985 – Karyn Marshall of NYC lifted 303 lbs in a clean & jerk lift

 

 

 

1985 – ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987 – Sri Lanka: Tamils shoot 122 Singalezen dead

1988 – US accuses Renamo of killing 100,000 Mozambiquians

1990 – Pete Rose pleads guilty to hiding $300,000 in income

1991 – Mark Lenzi is 1st diver to score 100 pts on a dive (101.85)

1992 – All star concert in memory of Freddie Mercury held at Wembley Stadium

1993 – Uranus passes Neptune (once every 171 years)

1994 – Danny Harold Rolling, sentenced to death in Florida, for killing 5

1994 – Serbian army bombs hospital in Goradze Bosnia, 47 killed

1997 – Cubs beat NY Mets ending NL worst opening, lost 14 straight games

1997 – Mark McGwire, is 4th to HR on Detroit Tiger left field roof (others are Frank Howard, Harmon Killibrew, & Cecil Fielder)

1998 – German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.

1999 – Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School located in Jefferson County, Colorado.

2004 – In Iraq, 12 mortars are fired on Abu Ghraib Prison by insurgents, killing 22 detainees and wounding 92.

2007 – Johnson Space Center Shooting: A man with a handgun barricades himself in NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself.

2008 – Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300 becoming the first female driver in history to win an Indy car race.

2010 – Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion kills 11 and causes rig to sink, initiating a massive oil discharge in the Gulf of Mexico.

2012 – 40 people are killed and 27 injured after a tractor trailer collided with a bus in Alamo, Mexico

 

 

 

Births

702 – Jafar Sadiq, Muslim scholar (d. 765)

1442 – Edward IV, King (England, 1461-83)

1494 – John Agricola, [Schneider], German theologist/prime minister

1586 – Saint Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (d. 1617)

1592 – John Eliot, St Germans Cornwall, English MP/author

1633 – Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (d. 1654)

1646 – Charles Plumier, French botanist (d. 1704)

1723 – Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1781)

1726 – Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian earl/general/cartographer

1745 – Philippe Pinel, physician, founder of psychiatry

1808 – Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III), emperor of France (1852-71)

1809 – John Smith Preston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1881

1818 – Heinrich Göbel, German-born inventor (d. 1893)

1824 – Alfred Holt Colquitt, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894

1827 – John Gibbon, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1896

1850 – Daniel Chester, French/American sculptor (Minute Man)

1860 – Charles Gordon Curtis, US attorney/inventor (Curtis Turbine)

1882 – Holland Smith, U.S. General (d. 1967)

1884 – Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1966)

1889 – Adolph Hitler, Braunau, Austria, dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45)

1893 – Harold Lloyd, Burchard Neb, silent comic (Why Worry, Safety Last)

1893 – Edna Parker, American supercentenarian

1893 – Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1983)

1896 – Senor Wences, ventriloquist (Close the Door)

 

 

 

1908 – Lionel Hamptonorchestra leader/vibraphone improviser (Depths Below)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1910 – Robert F Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1954-65) [or May 15]

1919 – Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (d. 1943)

1920 – John Paul Stevens, Illinois, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975- )

1920 – Ronald Speirs, WWII Veteran (d. 2007)

1923 – Tito Puente, Puerto Rico, bandleader (Dance Mania)

1924 – Nina Foch, Leiden Netherlands, actress (American in Paris)

1927 – Karl Muller, Switzerland, superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987)

1928 – Gerald S. Hawkins, English astronomer (d. 2003)

1938 – Bernard Malivoire, France, cox pair (Olympic-gold-1952)

1938 – Betty Cuthbert, Australia 100m/200m/400m dash (Olympic-gold-1956, 64)

1938 – Johnny Tillotson, Jacksonville Fla, singer (Gidget, Poetry in Motion)

1941 – Joni Evans, NYC, publisher (Simon & Schuster, Random House)

1943 – Edie Sedgwick, Santa Barbara CA, actor (Ciao Manhattan)

1943 – Ian Watson, UK, sci-fi author (Book of Being, Whores of Babylon)

1945 – Jimmy Winston, London, organist (Samll Facres-Itchycoo Park)

1946 – Gordon Smiley, American racecar driver (d. 1982)

1947 – Andrew Tobias, American journalist and author

1948 – Craig Frost, keyboardist (Grand Funk Railroad-Some Kind of Wonderful)

1949 – Jessica Lange, Cloquet Minnesota, actress (King Kong, Tootsie)

1949 – Veronica Cartwright, American actress

1951 – Luther Vandross, NYC, rock vocalist (Dance with my Father), (d. 2005)

1952 – Tamara Sergeyevna Zakharova, Russian cosmonaut

1961 – Don “Hitman” Mattingly, Indiana, 1st baseman (NY Yankees/MVP 1985)

1963 – Brett Edward Garsed, Victoria Australia, heavy metal artist (Nelson)

1963 – Mauricio Gugelmin, Brazilian racing driver

1963 – Aubrey de Grey, British biomedical gerontologist

1964 – Andy Serkis, English actor

1965 – Adrian Fernández, Mexican racing driver

1966 – David Chalmers, Australian philosopher

1967 – Mike Portnoy, American drummer (Dream Theater)

1968 – LeShundra Nathan, Birmingham Ala, heptathlete

1970 – Adriano Moraes, Brazilian rodeo performer

1972 – Carmen Electra [Tara Leigh Patrick], Sharonville, Ohio, American model and actress (Scary Movie, Meet the Spartans)

1974 – Ben[jamin] Lincoln Holbrook, Hartland Wis, rower (Olympics-1996)

1976 – Lenka Nemeckova, Brno Czech, tennis star (1993 Futures-Maribor-SLO)

1977 – Lisa Ervin, figure skater (US Nationals-4th-1992)

1977 – Johnny “The Bull” Stamboli, professional wrestler

 

 

 

1983 – Miranda KerrAustralian supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – Tyson Griffin, American mixed martial artist

 

 

 

Deaths

1164 – Victor IV, [Ottaviano Montecello], Italian antipope (1159-64), dies

1176 – Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English soldier (b. 1130)

1314 – Clement V, [Bertrand Got], pope (1305-14) move papacy to Avignon, dies

1317 – Agnes van Montepulciano, Italian mystic/saint, dies

1521 – Zhengde, Emperor of China (b. 1491)

1534 – Elizabeth Barton, [St Magd van Kent], British prophet, dies

1558 – Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (b. 1485)

1632 – Nicolas Antione, converted to Judiasm, burned at the stake

1703 – Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain (b. 1632)

1765 – Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (b. 1674)

1769 – Pontiac, indian chief to Ottawa, murdered

1812 – George Clinton, 4th US VP, dies at 73 1st VP to, die in office

1821 – Franz K Achard, German physicist/chemist, dies at 67

1836 – Johan I Jozef, monarch of Liechtenstein/fieldmarshal, dies at 75

1906 – Australian wombat; oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26

1912 – Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager/writer (Dracula), dies at 64

1932 – Giuseppe Peano, mathematician, dies

1962 – Jesse G Vincent, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine, dies at 82

1974 – Agnes Moorehead, actress (Endora-Bewitched), dies at 67

1977 – Bryan Foy, director/writer, dies at 80

1982 – Archibald MacLeish, US, lawyer/writer (Conquistador), dies at 89

1984 – Mabel Mercer, English/US singer (Fly me to the moon), dies at 84

1991 – Don[ald] Siegel, US director (Coogan’s Bluff/Dirty Harry), dies at 78

1991 – Steve Marriott, English guitarist (Small Faces), dies in a fire at 44

 

 

 

1992 – Benny Hillcomedian (Benny Hill Show), dies of a heart attack at 67

benny-hill-2

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1992 – Johnny ShinesDelta blues singer/guitaristdies at 76

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – Cantinflas, [Mario Moreno], Mexican actor (Pepe), dies at 81

1996 – Christopher Robin Milne, bookseller, dies at 75

1996 – Tran Van Tra, soldier, dies at 77

1999 – Victims and shooters of the Columbine High School massacre

1999 – Rick Rude, American professional wrestler (b. 1958)

1999 – Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist and comedian (b. 1896)

2003 – Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1976)

2003 – Bernard Katz, German-born biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)

2007 – Andrew Hill, American jazz composer and pianist (b. 1931)

2011 – Tim Hetherington, British-American photojournalist (b. 1970)

2011 – Chris Hondros, American photographer (b. 1970)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

607 – Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth

1012 – Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London.

1451 – Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne

1529 – 2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism

1539 – Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt

 

 

 

1587 – Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain & sinks Spanish fleet

 

 

 

 

 

 

1619 – Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam

1770 – Capt James Cook 1st sees Australia

1775 – Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon

 

 

 

1775 – American Revolution begins – Lexington Commonshot “heard round the world

 

 

 

 

 

 

1782 – John Adams secures Dutch Republic’s recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

1861 – Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed

1861 – Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)

1874 – Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire

1892 – Charles Duryea takes 1st American-made auto out for a spin (Mass)

1897 – 1st American marathon ran, John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston)

1906 – SF Earthquake ends killing 452

1909 – Joan of Arc receives beatification

1910 – Halley’s comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)

1919 – Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall

1923 – New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers

1928 – The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.

1933 – FDR announces US will leave gold standard

1934 – 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8

1934 – Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, “Stand Up & Cheer”

1936 – First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.

1939 – Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)

1940 – “Lake Shore Ltd” derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls NY

1941 – Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia

1943 – Bicycle Day – Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.

1944 – Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra

1945 – US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid

1945 – US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa

1947 – AAU record for a 25′ rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds

1947 – French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522

1949 – Yankees dedicate a plaque for Babe Ruth

1951 – Gen Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

1955 – The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.

1960 – Baseball uniforms begin displaying player’s names on their backs

1960 – Comiskey Park’s famed “exploding” scoreboard begins operating

1962 – NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900m

1965 – 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating

1965 – At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun’s glare, this causes the grass to die

1971 – Charles Manson sentenced to life (Sharon Tate murder)

1979 – FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Bkln NY)

1982 – Guinon Bluford announced as 1st black astronaut

1982 – Rosie Ruiz, marathon race cheater, arrested for forgery

1982 – Sally Ride announced as 1st woman astronaut

1984 – Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs 1st appears in print (Nature mag)

1986 – Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1987 – Gregory Robertson does 200-mph free fall to save unconscious skydiver

1987 – Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve

 

 

 

1989 – Gun turret explodes on USS Iowakilling 47 sailors

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas & incoming government agree to truce

1990 – Marla Maples appears on ABC’s Prime-Time

1990 – Pistons & 76’ers get into a fight accruing $162,500 fines (NBA record)

1991 – Evander Holyfield beats George Foreman in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1991 – Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990

1993 – Branch Davidians in Waco Texas dies in fire after 51 day siege (accident, suicide, tear gas are disputed causes)

1993 – South Dakota governor George Mickelson and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crashed lands in Iowa.

1994 – Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10km (11:25.88)

1994 – Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election

1994 – Rodney King award $3,800,000 in compensation of police beating

1994 – Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender

 

 

 

1995 – Truck bomb at Federal Building in Oklahoma Citykills 168 & injures 500

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave.

2011 – Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba’s central committee after 45 years of holding the title.

 

 

 

Births 

1320 – Pedro I, King of Portugal (1357-67)

1603 – Michel le Tellier, French statesman (d. 1685)

1658 – Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (d. 1716)

1665 – Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (d. 1721)

1686 – Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman (d. 1750)

 

 

 

1721 – Roger Shermansigner (Decl of IndConstitution)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1768 – Adrian H Haworth, English entomologist/botanist

1787 – Deaf Smith, American frontiersman and revolutionary (d. 1837)

1801 – Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist

1821 – Mortimer Dormer Leggett, Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1896

1832 – Jose Echegaray y Eizaguirre, mathematician/dramatist (Nobel 1904)

1832 – Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, 1st lady (1881)

1858 – May Robson, [Mary J Robison], Melbourne Aust, actress (Apple Annie)

1866 – Henri WA Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell)

1868 – Max Von Schillings, German composer/conductor (Der Pfeifertag)

1874 – Ernst Rüdin, Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist (d. 1952)

 

 

 

1877 – Ole Evinrudeinventor (outboard marine engine)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1883 – Richard von Mises, Austrian-born mathematician (d. 1953)

1903 – Eliot Ness, untouchable (FBI agent-Chicago)

1905 – John S “Jimmy” Thach, US pilot/admiral (WW II)

1907 – Alan Wheatley, England, actor (Adventure of Robin Hood)

1912 – Glenn T Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951)

1920 – Frank Fontaine, Cambridge Mass, comedian (Crazy Guggenheim)

1922 – Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot (downed 352 Russian aircrafts)

1928 – Alexis Korner, Paris, musician (Blues Inc-Bootleg Him)

1931 – Alex Webster, Kearney, New Jersey, football coach (NY Giants), (d. 2012)

1932 – Andrea Mead Lawrence, Rutland Vt, alpine slalom skier (Oly-2 gold-52)

1933 – Jayne Mansfield, [Vera Jane Palmer], Bryn Mawr Pa, American actress (Fat Spy)

1933 – Dick Sargent, Carmel California, actor (Darrin-Bewitched)

1934 – Dickie Goodman, parody singer (Flying Saucer)

1935 – Dudley Moore, London England, actor (10, Arthur, Bedazzled, 6 Weeks)

1937 – Elinor Donahue, Tacoma Wash, actress (Father Knows Best, Get a Life)

1940 – Algy Cluff, CEO (Spectator, Cluff Resources)

1942 – Alan Price, England, rock keyboardist (Animals-House of the Rising Sun)

1942 – Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur

1943 – Mike Kelly, rocker (Duprees)

1944 – Mark “Flo” Volman, rocker (Flo & Eddie, Turtles-Eleanor)/DJ (WKRK)

1944 – James Heckman, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize

1945 – Nuria Ortiz, Mexico, skeet shooter (Olympic-13th-1968)

1946 – Tim Curry, Cheshire England, actor (Rocky Horror Show)

1949 – Paloma Picasso, [Gilot], Paris France, actress (Immoral Tales)

1949 – Larry Walters, American “lawn chair” pilot (d. 1993)

1953 – Sara Simeoni, Italy, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1980)

1953 – Ruby Wax, British television personality

1961 – Richard Phelps, British pentathelete

 

 

 

1962 – Al Unser JrIndy-car racer (over 10 wins)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1963 – Valerie Plame Wilson, former C.I.A. agent

1965 – Suge Knight, American record producer

1967 – Steven H Silver, American science fiction editor

1967 – Dar Williams, American musician and songwriter

1969 – Jesse James, American television personality and motorcycle builder

1975 – Temoc Suarez, Greenwood SC, soccer forward (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 – Ruud Jolie, Dutch guitarist (Within Temptation)

1978 – James Franco, American actor

1979 – Challen Sievers, Downers Grove Ill, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-96)

1979 – Kate Hudson, Los Angeles, California, American actress (Almost Famous, You, Me and Dupree)

1980 – Alexis Thorpe, American actress

1981 – Hayden Christensen, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canadian actor (Sam-Life as a House, Star Wars)

 

 

 

1987 – Maria SharapovaRussian tennis player

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

843 – Judith, French empress/2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, dies

1012 – Alphege, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 954)

1044 – Gothelo, duke of Neth-Lotharingen, dies

1390 – Robert II, King of Scots, dies

1529 – John Cuspinianus, [Spiessheimer], German physician, dies at about 55

1567 – Michael Stifel, German theologist/mathematician, dies at about 79

1578 – Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1530)

1618 – Thomas Bastard, clergyman and epigrammatist (b. 1565 or 1566)

1684 – Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist (b. 1603)

1689 – Christina, Queen of Sweden (1644-54), dies

1739 – Nicholas Saunderson, mathematician, dies

1751 – Peter Lacy, Irish-born Russian Field marshal (b. 1678)

 

 

 

1813 – Benjamin Rushphysician/abolitionist (signed Decl of Ind), dies at 67

 

 

 

 

 

 

1824 – George Gorden Noel “Lord” Byron, poet, dies at 36

1831 – Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (b. 1765)

1854 – Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)

1862 – Simon Fraser, Canadian explorer, dies

1867 – Robert Smirke, British architect, dies

1874 – Owen Jones, architect, dies

1882 – Charles Robert Darwin, naturalist (Origin of Species), dies at 73

1889 – Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies

1893 – John Addington Symonds, critic/poet, dies

1906 – Pierre Curie, French physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903), dies

1916 – Ephraim Shay, American inventor (b. 1839)

1937 – William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen), dies at 81

1943 – Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighter, beheaded

1943 – Kurt Huber, German resistance fighter, beheaded

1943 – Willy Graf, German resistance fighter, beheaded

1945 – J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed

1949 – Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater (b. 1877)

1956 – Lionel K P “Buster” Crabb, British diver (WW II), dies at 47

1956 – Leon N H Jungschlaeger, head milt intelligence Neth-Indies, dies at 52

1957 – Charles Funk, Encylopediest (Funk & Wagnalls), dies at 76

1967 – Konrad Adenauer, West Germany chancellor (1949-63), dies at 91

1986 – Alvin Childress, actor (Amos-Amos ‘n’ Andy), dies at 78

1987 – Hugh “Lumpy” Brannum, Actor (Mr Green Jeans), dies at 77

 

 

 

1987 – Maxwell D TaylorUS commander 101st airborne (WW II), dies at 85

 

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – Kwon Ki-ok, first Korean female pilot (b. 1901)

1989 – Daphne Du Maurier, English writer (Rebecca, Jamaica Inn), dies at 82

1991 – Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (b. 1905)

1992 – Robert F Clayton, drummer (Jody Grind), dies at 26 in a car crash

1992 – Robert Paul Haynes, bassist (Jody Grind), dies at 26 in a car crash

 

 

 

1993 – David Koresh, [Vernon Howell], cult leader (Davidians), suicide

 

David Koresh

 

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – George Mickelson, Gov of SD, & 7 others, die in a plane crash

1994 – Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member, dies at 81

1994 – Larry Davis, blues Singer/Guitarist, dies at 57

1995 – J Peter Grace Jr, CEO (W R Grace), dies from cancer at 81

1997 – El Duce, American singer and drummer (The Mentors) (b. 1958)

1998 – Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)

1999 – David Sanes, US Navy employee

2004 – Norris McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (b. 1925)

2004 – John Maynard Smith, English biologist (b. 1920)

2005 – Ruth Hussey, American actress (b. 1911)

2006 – Scott Crossfield, American pilot, first man to fly at Mach 2 (b. 1921)

2007 – Jean-Pierre Cassel, French actor (b. 1932)

2007 – Helen Walton, wife of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton (b. 1919)

2008 – Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (b. 1907)

2009 – J.G. Ballard, British novelist. (b. 1930)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

310 – St Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope

387 – Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus

1025 – Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.

1506 – The cornerstone of the current St. Peter’s Basilica is laid.

1518 – Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.

1521 – Parliament of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Maarten Luther

1663 – Osman declares war on Austria

1676 – Sudbury, Mass attacked by Indians

 

 

 

1775 – Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the “British are coming!

 

 

 

 

 

1783 – Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began.

1809 – 1st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England

1838 – Wilkes’ expedition to South Pole sails

 

 

 

1848 – American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Battle of Harpers FerryVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Col Robert E Lee turns down offer to command Union armies

1862 – Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean’s, LA

1864 – Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)

1865 – Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to Gen Sherman in North Carolina

1876 – Daniel O’Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min

1879 – Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins

1880 – An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.

1881 – Natural History Museum of South Kensington England opens

1881 – Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.

1902 – Denmark is 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals

1906 – 8.25 earthquake shakes SF Calif

1906 – SF earthquake & fire kills nearly 4,000 & destroys 75% of city

1912 – The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.

1915 – French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.

1923 – 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium

1924 – 1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon & Schuster)

1925 – World’s fair opens in Chicago

1927 – Chiang Kai-Shek forms anti-government in China

1935 – Gen Sarazen’s double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters

1936 – Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from SF to Honolulu

1938 – Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland

1942 – “Stars & Stripes” paper for US armed forces starts

 

 

 

1942 – James H Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – 1 armed outfielder, St L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4

1945 – Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)

1945 – Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops

1946 – Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals

1946 – League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)

1948 – International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands

1950 – 1st transatlantic jet passenger trip

1951 – NY Yankee Mickey Mantle goes 1-for-4 in his 1st game

1954 – Colonel Nasser seizes power & becomes PM of Egypt

1955 – 1st “Walk”/”Don’t Walk” lighted street signals installed

1958 – A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.

1963 – Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant

1964 – Sandy Koufax is 1st to strike out the side on 9 pitches

1966 – Bill Russell became 1st black coach in NBA history (Boston Celtics)

1968 – London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)

1974 – Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi

1977 – Alex Haley, author of “Roots,” awarded Pulitzer Prize

1978 – Senate votes to turn Panama Canal over to Panama on Dec 31, 1999

1980 – Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK

1982 – Zimbabwe capital Salisbury renamed Harare

1983 – A lone suicide bomber kills 63, at US Embassy in Lebanon

1984 – Joan Benoit runs world record female marathon (2:22:43)

1986 – Robert M Gates, becomes deputy director of CIA

1986 – Titan rocket explodes seconds after liftoff from Vandenberg AFB

1987 – An unconscious skydiver is rescued by another diver in mid-air

1987 – Mike Schmidt hits 500th home run (vs Robinson-Pirates)

1989 – Zimbabwe gains independence

1990 – Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines

1990 – Supreme Court rules states could make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one’s home

1991 – Census Bureau said it failed to count up to 63 million in 1990 census

1991 – John Stockton breaks his own NBA season assist record at 1,136

1994 – 23rd Boston Women’s Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:21:45

1994 – 98th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:07:15

1994 – Arsenio Hall announces he will end his show in May 1994

1994 – Former President Nixon suffered a stroke & dies 4 days later

1994 – Lebanon drops relations with Iran

1995 – Quarterback Joe Montana announces his retirement from football

1996 – In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces accidentally shell the UN compound at Quana.

2007 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.

 

 

 

Births

1480 – Lucretia Borgiamurderess (poison)/daughter (Pope Alexander VI)

 

Lucretia Borgia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1521 – Francois de Coligny, ruler of van Andelot, French general (Jarnac)

1580 – Thomas Middleton, English playwright (Game of Chess)

1590 – Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque

1605 – Giacomo Carissimi, composer

1740 – Francis Baring, banker/merchant

1838 – Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist (d. 1912)

1857 – Clarence S Darrow, defense attorney at Scopes monkey trial

1864 – Richard Harding Davis, US, journalist/author (In The Fig)

1881 – Max Weber, Polish/Russian/US painter

1882 – Leopold Stokowski, London England, conductor (Cincinnati Symphony)

1896 – C Eugene Wegmann, Swiss geologist (Le Jura plisse)

1904 – Pigmeat Markham, American comedian (d. 1981)

1905 – George H. Hitchings, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)

1911 – Francis Frederick Johnson, architect

1911 – George Huntington Hartford II, NYC, heir (A&P)

1912 – John Lapworth Holt, boat Designer

1921 – Barbara Hale, Dekalb Ill, actress (Della Street-Perry Mason)

 

 

 

1924 – Clarence “Gatemouth” BrownVinton Lablues singer (Mary is Fine)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1925 – Bob Hastings, Bkln NY, actor (McHale’s Navy, All in the Family)

1925 – Lionel Edmund “Sonny” Taylor, musician

 

 

 

1927 – Samuel P. HuntingtonAmerican political scientist

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – Clive Revill, Wellington NZ, actor (Legend of Hell House)

1938 – Andreas J “Cat” Liebenberg, supreme commander (S Afr army)

1939 – Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran

1940 – Joseph L Goldstein, Sumter SC, physician (Nobel-1985)

1941 – Mike Vickers, rock guitarist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)

1942 – Jochen Rindt, German race car driver

1946 – Alexander “Skip” Spence, Canada, guitarist/vocalist (Moby Grape-Omaha)

1946 – Hayley Mills, London England, actress (Parent Trap, Pollyanna)

1946 – Lenny Baker, rocker (Sha Na Na)

1947 – Dorothy Lyman, Minneapolis Mn, (All my Children, Naomi-Mama’s Family)

1947 – James Woods, Warwick RI, actor (Salvador, Against All Odds)

1947 – Herbert Mullin, American serial killer

1948 – “Tiny” Nate Archibald, NBA guard (Cincinnati)

1949 – Geoff Bodine, American race car driver

1950 – Kenny Ortega, American film and TV producer and choreographer

1953 – Rick Moranis, Toronto, (SCTV, Honey I Shrunk the Kids, Spaceballs)

1954 – Kim Stone, bassist (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance)

1955 – Amschel Rothschild, banker

1956 – Eric Roberts, Miss, actor (Pope of Greenwich Village, King of Gypsies)

1956 – Melody Thomas Scott, actress (Nikki-Young & Restless)

1958 – Lee Pattinson, rock bassist (Echo & Bunnymen-Heaven Up Here)

1961 – Jane Leeves, London, actress (Murphy Brown, Daphne Moon-Fraiser)

1961 – Kelly Hansen, heavy metal rocker (Hurricane-I’m on to You)

1961 – Pamella Bordes, New Dehli India, Brit parliament prostitute

1962 – Mick Sweda, heavy metal (Bulletboys, King Kobra-Ready to Strike)

1963 – Conan Chris O’Brien, Brookline Mass, TV host (Late Night)

 

 

 

1964 – Niall FergusonScotland , historian , professor

 

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Diana Villegas, rocker (Triplets)

1965 – Sylvia Villegas, rocker (Triplets)

1965 – Vicky Villegas, rocker (Triplets)

1967 – Maria Bello, American actress

1970 – Heike Friedrich, East Germany swimmer (world record 200m)

1973 – Haile Gebresleassie, Ethiopia, 10k runner (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 – Melissa Joan Hart, Sayville NY, actress (Clarissa, Sabrina)

1979 – Anthony Davidson, British Formula One driver

1979 – Kourtney Kardashian, American reality television star

1983 – Miguel Cabrera, Venezuelan baseball player

1984 – America Ferrera, American actress

1985 – Karl Reindler, Australian racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

680 – Mu’awijja, kalief of Al-Schaam, dies

1161 – Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury

1558 – Roxelana, wife of Suleiman the Magnificent

1567 – Wilhelm von Grumbach, German military man, dies at 63

1689 – George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem/infamous judge, dies

1690 – Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lotharingen/Austrian fieldmarshal, dies

1732 – Louis Feuillée, French explorer (b. 1660)

1796 – Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist (b. 1732)

1807 – Erasmus Darwin, physician writer and botanist (Influence), dies (b. 1731)

1845 – Nicholas T the Saussure, Swiss chemist/botany, dies at 77

1853 – William King, US VP, dies a month after his inauguration

1873 – Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist, dies at 69

1874 – David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey

1879 – Anthony Pannizim, principal librarian (British Museum), dies

1925 – Charles Ebbets, Pres (Dodgers), dies

1935 – Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist/archaeologist, dies at 90

1942 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (b. 1875)

1943 – I Yamamoto, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies

 

 

 

1945 – Ernest T PyleBritish/US newscasterkilled in WW II at 44

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies

1955 – Albert Einstein, Nobel laureate (b. 1879)

1958 – Richard B Goldschmidt, German zoologist (butterflies), dies

1964 – Ben Hecht, playwright (Child of the Century), dies at 71

1986 – Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder, dies at 94

1993 – Arthur P Smith, US founder of Miami Planetarium, dies at 76

1993 – Masahiko Kimura, Japanese judoka (b. 1917)

1994 – Ken Oosterbroek, South African press photographer, shot dead at 32

1996 – Piet Hein, architect/poet/mathematician/inventor, dies at 80

1996 – Robert William Paine, architect, dies at 88

2002 – Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (b. 1914)

2012 – Dick Clark, American radio and television personality, dies from a heart attack at 82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

858 – Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1397 – Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) as when the book’s pilgrimage to Canterbury starts.

1492 – Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies

 

 

 

1524 – Giovanni Verrazano,  Florentine navigatordiscovers New York Harbor

 

 

 

 

 

 

1534 – Sir Thomas More confined in London Tower

1555 – Siena surrenders for Spanish troops

1629 – 1st commercial fishery established

1793 – Battle of Warsaw

1797 – Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico in what would be one of the largest invasions to Spanish territories in America.

1808 – Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships

1817 – 1st US school for deaf (Hartford, Conn)

1824 – Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40’N

1853 – US Marine Hospital at Presidio (SF) forms

1861 – Indianola TX – “Star of West” taken by Confederacy

1861 – Virginia is 8th state to secede

 

 

 

1863 –  Grierson’s Raid : La GrangeTN to Baton RougeLA

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Plymouth, NC

1864 – Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia

1864 – Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges

1865 – Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln’s assassination

1875 – “Snooker” (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain

1895 – Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)

1900 – 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession

1905 – US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional

1905 – The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the “right to free contract” was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.

1907 – Ellis Island, NY-11,745 immigrants arrive

1912 – 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson’s “Ragging The Baby To Sleep”)

1920 – American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)

1924 – Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures & Louis B Mayer Co merged to form MGM

1932 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery

1934 – New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5

1937 – Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig, debut

1939 – Joe Louis KOs Jack Roper in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1941 – British troop land in Iraq/Yugoslavia; surrender to nazis

1941 – Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)

1941 – World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.

1942 – 12 Lancaster bombers strike MAN-factory in Augsburg

1942 – Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp

1942 – POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.

1943 – Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul

1945 – 8th Air Force bombs Dresden

1945 – Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan

1945 – US troops lands in Mindanao

1947 – Jackie Robinson bunts for his 1st major league hit

1951 – NY Yankee Mickey Mantle’s 1st game, he goes 1 for 4

1953 – Mickey Mantle hits a 565′ (172 m) HR in Wash DC’s Griffith Stadium

1956 – Willie Mosconi sinks 150 consecutive balls in a billiard tournament

1958 – Brussel’s (Belgium) World Fair opens

1961 – 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs attempt to overthrow Castro

1964 – Ford Mustang formally introduced ($2368 base)

1964 – Jerrie Mock becomes 1st woman to fly solo around the world

1967 – Shortwave Radio NY Worldwide goes back on the air after a week off

1967 – Surveyor 3 launched; soft lands on Moon, April 20

1969 – Bernadette Devlin elected to British house of commons

1969 – Czechoslovakia’s Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubcek deposed

1969 – Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Sen Robert F Kennedy

1969 – The Band (formerly The Hawks), perform their 1st concert

1970 – Apollo 13 limps back safely, Beech-built oxygen tank no help

1972 – 1st Boston Women’s Marathon won by Nina Kuscsik of NY in 3:10:26

1972 – 76th Boston Marathon won by Olavi Suomalainen of Finland in 2:15:39

1973 – 2nd Boston Women’s Marathon won by Jacqueline Hansen of CA in 3:05:59

1973 – 77th Boston Marathon won by Jon Anderson of Oreg in 2:16:03

 

 

 

1973 – German counter-terrorist unit GSG 9 founded.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – Bundy victim Susan Rancourt disappears from CWU, Ellensburg, WA

1974 – Moslem fundamentalists assault military academy in Heliopolis Egypt

1975 – Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea Natl Day)

1975 – Phnom Penh fell to Communist insurgents, ending Cambodia’s 5-year war

1978 – 63,500,000 shares traded on NY stock exchange (record)

1978 – 7th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Gayle Barron of Ga in 2:44:52

1978 – 82nd Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Mass in 2:10:13

1978 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sagan for “Dragons of Eden”

1982 – Canada adopts its constitution

1983 – Grete Waitz runs female world record marathon (2:25:29)

1983 – In Warsaw, police route 1,000 Solidarity supporters

1983 – India entered space age launching SLV-3 rocket

1983 – Nolan Ryan strikes out his 3,500th batter

1983 – Islanders tie NHL record with 3 shorthanded playoff goals vs Rangers Rangers 7-Isles 6-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 2-1 lead Wayne Gretzky scores 7 goals in one Stanley Cup playoff game

1986 – IBM produces 1st megabit-chip

1986 – Netherlands & Scilly Islands sign peace treaty (war of 1651)

1986 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Larry McMurtry for “Lonesome Dove”

1987 – Julius Erving becomes 3rd NBA player to score 30,000 points

1989 – 18th Boston Women’s Marath won by Ingrid Kristiansen of Nor in 2:24:33

1989 – 93rd Boston Marathon won by Abebe Mekonen of Ethiopia in 2:09:06

1989 – Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $245 per week

1990 – Gas explodes on passenger train in Kumrahar India, 80 die

1991 – Dow Jones closes above 3,000 for 1st time (3,004.46)

1991 – Railroad workers go on strike in US

1993 – Police officers found guilty of violating Rodney Kings civil rights

1995 – 24th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:25:11

1995 – 99th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:09:22

1997 – John Bell, 115, recieves new pacemaker

2002 – Four Canadian Forces soldiers are killed in Afghanistan by friendly fire from two United States Air Force F-16s, the first deaths in a combat zone for Canada since the Korean War.

2012 – The St Cuthbert Gospel, Europe’s oldest intact book, purchased by the British Library for 9 million pounds

 

 

 

 

Births

1278 – Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor (d. 1320)

1539 – Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter/cartoonist (Comedia)

1586 – John Ford, English dramatist (‘Tis Pity She’s a Whore)

1598 – Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (d. 1671)

1620 – Marguerite Bourgeoys, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame (d. 1700)

1710 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)

1741 – Johann Gottlieb Naumann, composer

 

 

 

1741 – Samuel Chasesupreme court justice (signed Decl of Ind)

 

 

 

 

1788 – Joseph Gilbert Totten, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1864

1798 – Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (d. 1840)

1809 – Philip St George Cocke, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861

1813 – Henry Washington Benham, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1884

1827 – French C Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (St Amanduskerk, Antwerp)

1837 – John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/CEO (US Steel)

1845 – Isabel Barrows, US, editor/penologist (Conference on Negro Question)

1849 – William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1923)

1863 – Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)

1866 – Ernest Starling, British physiologist (d. 1927)

1885 – Karen Blixen-Finecke, [pen name Isak Dinesen], Danish writer (Out of Africa)

1895 – Bert Wheeler, actor (Nitwits, Hold ’em Jail, High Flyers, Rainmakers)

1896 – Senor Wences, ventriloquist (his hand acts as a puppet)

1897 – Thornton N Wilder, US, novelist/playwright (Our Town)

1904 – Edward Chodorov, playwright/director (Story of Louis Pasteur)

1905 – Arthur Lake, Corbin Ky, actor (Dagwood-Blondie)

 

 

 

1915 – Joe FossAmerican WWII USMC ace pilot and Medal Of Honor recipient (d. 2003)

 

 

 

FOSS, JOSEPH JACOB Photo

 

 

 

 

 

1916 – David Stafford-Clark, psychiatrist

1916 – Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral

1916 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, world’s 1st woman PM (Sri Lanka, 1960..77)

1918 – Anne Shirley, UK, actress (Devil & Daniel Webster, Stella Dallas)

 

 

 

1918 – William HoldenIllactor (Stalag 17Bridge Over River KwaiSOB)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1921 – Donald Barron, CEO (Midland Bank)

1923 – Harry Reasoner, Dakota City Iowa, newscaster (60 Minutes, ABC, CBS)

1923 – Lloyd Biggle Jr, US, sci-fi author (Silence is Deadly)

1923 – Norman Potter, cabinetmaker designer/writer

1926 – G M Hughes, professor/zoologist

1928 – Cynthia Ozick, US, author (Pagan Rabbi & Other Stories)

1929 – James Last, orchestra leader/composer/arranger

1930 – Chris Barber, jazz trombonist

1934 – Don Kirshner, rock & roll producer (invented bubblegum music)

1936 – Pete Graves, rocker (Moonglows)

 

 

 

1937 – Daffy Duckanimated character

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1937 – Eduard N Stepanov, Russian cosmonaut

1939 – Robin Knox-Johnston, yachtsman

1943 – Roy Estrada, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1946 – Clare Francis, yachtswoman/novelist (Come Hell or High Water)

1948 – Jan Hammer, composer (Escape from TV, Miami Vice)

1949 – Heini Hemmi, Switzerland, giant slalom (Olympic-gold-1976)

1951 – Olivia Hussey, Buenos Aires, actress (Romeo & Juliet, Death on Nile)

1952 – Željko Ražnatović, Serbian warlord (d. 2000)

1954 – Riccardo Patrese, driver (Grand Prix)

1954 – Michael Sembello, American musician

1955 – Pete Shelley, vocal/guitar (Buzzcocks-Going Steady, Love Bites)

1956 – Pillow, [Therese Joan Bell], California, bodybuilder (Gold Classic 1983)

1957 – Nick Hornby, English author

1959 – Sean Bean, English actor (The Lord of the Rings Trilogy, A Game of Thrones)

1959 – Teri Austin, Toronto Canada, actress (Terminal Choice, Knots Landing)

1961 – Boomer Esiason, NFL quarterback (NY Jets, Cincinnati Bengals)

1962 – Nancy Hogshead, Iowa City, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1984)/model (jockey)

1964 – Raye Hollit, American Gladiator (Zap)

1966 – Lela Rochon, actress (Waiting to Exhale)

1967 – Liz Phair, American musician/songwriter

1969 – Alexander McQueen, fashion designer

1972 – Jennifer Garner [Affleck], Houston, Texas. American actress (Sydney Bristow-Alias)

1972 – Claire Sweeney, English actress

1973 – Brett Maher, Adelaide SA Australia, basketball guard (Olympics-96)

1974 – Victoria Beckham [Adams], Harlow, Essex, English singer (Posh Spice-Spice Girls)

1976 – Nadine Thomas, Miss Jamaica Universe (1997)

1976 – Monet Mazur, American actress and musician

1978 – Jason White, Scottish rugby player

1981 – Ryan Raburn, American baseball player

 

 

 

Deaths

326 – Alexander of Alexandria, Patriarch of Alexandria

485 – Proclus, Greek mathematician, dies in Athens [or Apr 14]

617 – Donnán of Eigg, Celtic Christian martyr, patron saint of Eigg

818 – Bernhard I, King of Italy, dies

858 – Benedict III, Italian Pope (855-58), dies

1080 – King Harald III of Denmark (b. 1041)

1272 – Zita/Cita, Italian maid/saint, dies at about 59

1427 – Jan IV, duke of Brabant/Limburg/wife of Jacoba van Bayern, dies

1574 – Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German philologist, dies

1630 – Christian I, ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (battle of White Mt), dies

1680 – Kateri Tekakwitha, first American Indian to receive beatification (b. 1656)

1761 – Thomas Bayes, English mathematician

 

 

 

1790 – Benjamin FranklinUS, (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

1799 – Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)

1835 – William Henry Ireland, forger (Shakespearean manuscripts), dies

1838 – J Schopenhauer, writer, dies at 71

1843 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)

1863 – Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general/cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61

1882 – George Jennings Sanitary engineer (b. 1810)

1941 – Al Bowlly, British dance band vocalist (b. 1899)

1942 – Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)

1945 – Hannie Schaft, “Girl with red hair,” executed

1945 – Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54

1960 – Eddie Cochran, rocker, dies at 21 in a car crash

1967 – Red Allen, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1908)

1968 – Margaret Seddon, dies at 95

1974 – Vinnie Taylor, rocker (Canned Heat), dies of a drug overdose

1976 – Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)

1983 – Felix Pappalardi, rocker (Cream, Mountain), dies

1983 – Mark W Clark, US general (WW II), dies at 87

1987 – Carlton Barrett, Jamaican reggae drummer (No woman no cry), dies at 36

 

 

 

1987 – Dick Shawncomedian (Producers), dies on stage at 57

 

 

 

 

1988 – Eva Novak, actress (Medicine Man), dies of pneumonia at 90

1990 – Ralph David Abernathy, US civil rights leader, dies

1992 – Hank Penny, country music singer, dies at 73 of heart failure

1996 – Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, philosopher, dies at 86

1997 – Chaim Herzog, President of Israel (1983-93), dies at 78

1998 – Linda McCartney, American-born wife of Paul McCartney (b. 1941)

2003 – Robert Atkins, American dietician (b. 1930)

2003 – Paul Getty, American-born philanthropist (b. 1932)

 

 

 

2003 – Earl KingAmerican musician and songwriter (b. 1934)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

2003 – Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (b. 1910)

2007 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress and television personality (b. 1910)

2008 – Danny Federici, organ player for E-Street Band (b. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1178 BC – A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.

73 – Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.

556 – Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1071 – Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.

1346 – The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans.

1395 – Azzo X d’Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.

1509 – French army under Louis XII enters Alps

1521 – Martin Luther arrives at Diet of Worms

1582 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.

1632 – Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme commander

1705 – Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College

1724 – 1st Easter observed (OS=Apr 9)

1746 – Battle at Culloden: Troops of George II of Great Britain defeat Charles Stuart

1777 – Battle of Bennington-New England’s Green Mountain Boys rout Brits

1780 – The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.

1789 – George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration

1799 – Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor – Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.

1818 – Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)

1853 – The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.

1854 – Steamer “Long Beach” sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die

1861 – US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states

1862 – Slavery abolished in District of Columbia

1862 – US Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)

1865 – Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)

1866 – Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes

1868 – Louisiana voters approve new constitution

1869 – Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti

1874 – Dr David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton

1881 – In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.

1908 – Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell Utah)

1912 – Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to cross English Channel

1912 – Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)

1917 – Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution

1922 – Annie Oakley sets women’s record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row

1924 – 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion

1925 – During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.

1926 – Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections “Lolly Willowes” & “Loving Huntsman” by Sylvia Townsend Warner

1929 – NY Yankees become 1st team to wear uniform numbers

1935 – 1st radio broadcast of “Fibber McGee & Molly”

1939 – Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact

1940 – 1st televised baseball game, WGN-TV, (White Sox vs Cubs exhibition)

1940 – Cleve Indian Bob Feller hurls an opening day no-hitter vs Chic, 1-0

1942 – Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship

1942 – King George VI awards George Cross to Island of Malta

1943 – 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem Neth (85 killed)

1943 – Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.

1945 – German troops in Groningen surrender

1945 – Red Army begins Battle of Berlin

1945 – US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany, during WW II

1945 – US troops land on He Shima Okinawa

1946 – 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 8 km alt

1947 – -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp

1947 – Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)

1947 – Massive explosion & fire kills 522 in Texas City, Tx

1948 – Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris

1951 – British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75

1953 – British royal yacht Britannica taken out of service

1956 – 1st solar powered radios go on sale

1962 – Brazil nationalizes US businesses

1962 – Walter Cronkite begins anchoring CBS Evening News

1964 – 9 men sentenced 25-30 years for Britain’s 1963 “Great Train Robbery”

1964 – Geraldine Mock of US is 1st woman to fly solo round the world

1965 – Test flight of heavy Saturn S-1C-rocket

1970 – 70 die in a snow crush (France)

1972 – Apollo 16 launched; 5th manned lunar landing (Decartes Highlands)

1972 – China sends 2 giant pandas to US

1975 – Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh

1983 – Steve Garvey sets NL record by playing in 1,118 consecutive games

1986 – To dispel rumors he’s dead, Moammar Gadhafi appears on TV

1987 – British Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears at Bow Street Magistrates’ Court in London charged with gross indecency.

1990 – Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $260 per week

1990 – Supreme Court rejects appeal from retarded man, Dalton Prejean, condemned to death for murdering a Louisiana state trooper in 1977

1992 – The Katina P. runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique. 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean.

1993 – Jury reaches guilty verdict in Federal case against cop who beat Rodney King, but the verdict is not read until April 17th

2004 – The super liner Queen Mary 2 embarks on her first Trans-Atlantic crossing, linking the golden age of ocean travel to the modern age of ocean travel.

2007 – Virginia Tech massacre: The deadliest mass shooting in modern American history. The gunman, Seung-Hui Cho, shoots 32 people to death and injures 23 others before committing suicide.

2012 – At least 55 people are killed in the Syrian uprising despite UN presence to oversee ceasefire

 

 

 

Births

778 – King Louis the Pious (d. 840)

1495 – Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (d. 1557)

1628 – Cornelis Evertsen de Young, vice admiral of Zealand

1660 – Hans Sloane, England, physician/naturalist/founder (British Museum)

1661 – Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, British poet and statesman (d. 1715)

1673 – Francesco Feroci, composer

1682 – John Hadley, mathematician/inventor (1st reflecting telescope)

1728 – Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist

1738 – Henry Clinton, British general (d. 1795)

1816 – Edward “Old Allegheny” Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army)

1821 – Ford Maddox Brown, painter

1823 – Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1907

1823 – Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)

1850 – Herbert Baxter Adams, US, historian (American Historical Association)

1865 – Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)

1867 – Wilbur Wright, of aeronautical fame (Wright Brothers)

1889 – Charlie Chaplin, (Tramp), comedian (City Lights)/IBM salesman

1897 – John B Glubb, British commandant/writer (A soldier with the Arabs)

1899 – Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (d. 1988)

1900 – Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)

1905 – John Lee-Barber, admiral

1906 – Pigmeat Markham, Durham NC, comedian (Here Comes da Judge-Laugh In)

1907 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)

1911 – Christine McIntyre, actress (3 Stooges movies)

1912 – John Halas, animator

1912 – Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996)

1913 – Les Tremayne, London, actor (Angry Red Planet, War of the Worlds)

1913 – Lord Aberconway, CEO (John Brown & Co)

1914 – John Hodiak, Pittsburgh PA, actor (A Bell for Adamo, Lifeboat)

1918 – Spike Milligan, India, actor/comedian (Digby, 3 Musketeers)

1918 – Dick Gibson, British racing driver

1919 – Merce Cunningham, choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus)

1920 – Barry Nelson, Oakland, actor (Airport, My Favorite Husband)

1921 – Peter Ustinov, London, actor (Death on Nile, Logan’s Run, Billy Budd)

1922 – Christopher Samuel Youd, UK, sci-fi author (Tripods Trilogy), (d. 2012)

1922 – Kingsley Amis, London, novelist (Lucky Jim, James Bond Dossier)

1922 – Eddie Bert, Yonkers, New York, bebopjazz trombonist, (d. 2012)

1924 – Henry Mancini, Cleveland, composer/conductor (Pink Panther)

1925 – Edie Adams, Kingston Pa, Mrs Ernie Kovacs (Murial Cigar), actress

1927 – Joseph Ratzinger, German theologist/dogmaticus

1928 – Dick “Night Train” Lane, NFL defensive back (Rams, Cards, Lions)

1930 – Herbie Mann, Brooklyn NY, jazz flute/sax (Just Wallin’)

1932 – Imre Polyak, Hungary, featherweight (Olympic-gold-1964)

1934 – Brian Peppiatt, joint CEO (SG Warburg Securities)

1934 – Geoffrey Owen, British editor (Financial Times)

1934 – Robert Stigwood, producer (Saturday Night Fever, Grease)

1935 – Bobby Vinton, Pitts Pa, singer (Roses are Red, Blue on Blue)

1935 – Haskell “Cool Papa” Sadler, blues singer/guitarist

1939 – Dusty Springfield, [Mary O’Brien], London, vocalist (Growing Pains)

1945 – Stefan Grossman, NYC, country blues singer (Yazoo Basin Boogie)

1946 – Margot Adler, American journalist

1947 – Gerry Rafferty, Paisley Scotland, guitarist/vocalist (Baker Street)

1947 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, [Lew Alcindor], NBA center (Mil Bucks, LA Lakers)

1949 – Melody Patterson, American actress

1951 – Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer

1952 – Peter Westbrook, St Louis Mo, US fencer (Olympic-bronze-88, 92, 96)

1953 – Jay O Sanders, Austin TX, actor (Meeting Venus, V I Warshawski)

1953 – J. Neil Schulman, American writer

1954 – Ellen Barkin, Bronx NY, actress (Big Easy, Sea of Love)

1954 – John Bowe, Australian racing driver

1955 – Charlotte Morrison, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1956 – David M Brown, Arlington Va, Cmdr USN/astronaut

1956 – Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier

1959 – Anne Kursinski, equestrian show jumper (Olympics-silver-96)

1961 – Doris Dragović, Croatian singer

1963 – Jimmy Osmond, Ogden Utah, singer (Donnie & Marie)

1964 – Dave Pirner, rocker (Soul Asylum)

1965 – Jon Cryer, actor (Pretty in Pink, Superman IV)

1965 – Martin Lawrence, comedian (Martin)

1971 – Selena, Texas, spanish singer (Grammy-1994)

1976 – Lukas Haas, actor (Music Box, Witness, Testament, Leap of Faith)

1976 – Dan Kellner, American fencer

1977 – Alek Wek, Sudanese supermodel

1979 – Christijan Albers, Dutch Formula One driver

1982 – Gina Carano, American Mixed Martial Arts fighter.

1985 – Benjamín Rojas, Argentine actor and singer

1986 – Paul di Resta, British racing driver

1990 – Heather Fulton, American marine biologist

 

 

 

Deaths

69 – Otho, Roman Emperor (b. 32)

744 – al-Walid II, Umayyad caliph

924 – Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy

1115 – Svjatopolk II, great monarch of Kiev, dies [or 1113]

1118 – Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily

1198 – Duke Frederick I of Austria

1446 – Filippo Brunelleschi, architect, dies

1529 – Louis de Berquin, French humanist/reformer/heretic, burned at stake

1619 – Denijs Calvaert/Caluwaert, [Dionisio Fiamingo], Flemish painter, dies

1645 – Tobias Hume, English composer

1756 – Jacques Cassini, Fr astronomer (Discover rings of Saturn), dies at 79

1783 – Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)

1788 – Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist (b. 1707)

1828 – Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Spanish painter/cartoonist, dies at 82

1850 – Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud, maker of wax figures, dies at 88

1859 – Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)

1865 – Robert C Tyler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle

1879 – Bernadette, st/(saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies in Nevers France

1888 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (b. 1845)

1899 – Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (b 1875)

1914 – George W Hill, US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76

1915 – Nelson W. Aldrich, American politician (b. 1841)

1928 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founder of Henri Birks and Sons (b. 1840)

1938 – Bertram Wagstaff Mills, circus proprietor, dies

1946 – Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and automobile designer (b. 1884)

1947 – Rudolf Höß, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1900)

1955 – Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded

1958 – Rosalind Franklin, British chemist (b. 1920)

1968 – Edna Ferber, American author (American Beauty), dies at 82

1970 – Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)

1972 – Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese author (Nobel 1968), dies at 72

1978 – Lucius D Clay, gen/gov US zone W-Germany (airlift), dies at 80

1988 – Khalil al-Wazir, PLO milt commander, assassinated by Israeli commandos

1991 – David Lean, director (28 academy awards), dies of pneumonia at 83

1992 – Neville Brand, actor (Stalag 17), dies of emphysema at 71

1994 – Ralph Waldo Ellison, US writer (Invisible Man), dies at 80

1995 – Cheyenne Brando, daughter of Marlon, commits suicide

1996 – Raymond Earl Hill, saxophonist, dies at 62

1996 – Stavros Spyros Niarchos, Greek shipowner, dies at 86

1997 – Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, media tycoon, dies at 66

1997 – Mae Boren Axton, song writer (Heartbreak Hotel), dies at 82

1998 – Fred Davis, English snooker player (b. 1913)

1998 – Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (b. 1920)

1999 – Skip Spence, Canadian-born guitarist, singer and songwriter (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1946)

2002 – Ruth Fertel, American restaurateur (b. 1927)

2002 – Robert Urich, American actor (b. 1946)

2005 – Marla Ruzicka, American humanitarian worker and peace activist (b. 1976)

2007 – Maria Lenk, Brazilian swimmer and first Brazilian woman to compete in the Olympic Games (b. 1915)

2007 – Seung-Hui Cho, Korean American murderer (b. 1984), see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre

2007 – Jocelyne Couture-Nowak, American instructor of French (b. 1958)

2007 – Kevin Granata, American professor of Engineering (b. 1961)

2007 – Liviu Librescu, American Jewish-Romanian professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics (b. 1930)

2007 – G. V. Loganathan, Indian American professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering (b. 1954)

2007 – Frank Bateson, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1909)

2008 – Edward Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (b. 1917)

2010 – Rasim Delic, Bosnian military chief of staff and war criminal (b. 1949)

2012 – Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Danish shipping Magnate, dies at 98

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Students Willing To Give Up U.S. Citizenship For In-State Tuition

 

 

 

Such are the perverse incentives in Obamaworld’s land of academia …

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

69 – Battle at Bedriacum, North-Italy

1205 – Battle at Adrianople: Bulgaria beats Emp Boudouin of Constantinople

1250 – Pope Innoncent III refuses Jews of Cordova Spain to build a synagogue

1450 – French defeat English at Battle of Formigny in 100 Years’ War

1493 – -20/4 Barcelona] Columbus meets with King Ferdinand & Isabella

1581 – Cortes van Thomar accepts Philip II as king of Portugal

1594 – Fleming Pieter Stevens appointed royal painter of Rudolf II (Prague)

1632 – Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat Count Tilly of the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.

1715 – Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.

1738 – Bottle opener invented

1793 – Bank of England hands out 1st £5 note

1817 – 1st American school for the deaf opens (Hartford Conn)

1850 – City of San Francisco incorporated

1858 – Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists

1861 – Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Lincoln

1864 – General Steeles’ Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas

1865 – Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen

1870 – Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada

1874 – NY legislature passes compulsory education law

1877 – 1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Mass

1878 – Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap

1892 – General Electric Company, forms & is incorporated in NY

1895 – Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)

1896 – 1st Olympic games close at Athens, Greece

1900 – An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs

1900 – International Exposition opens in Paris

1901 – 1st British motorized burial

1912 – Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as band plays on

1922 – Banting, MacLeod & Best discover insulin

1923 – Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics

1924 – Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.

1927 – Babe Ruth hits 1st of 60 HRs of season (off A’s Howard Ehmke)

1931 – 1st walk across American backwards begins

1940 – British troops land at Narvik, Norway

1941 – 1st helicopter flight of 1 hr duration, Stratford, Ct

1943 – Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase

1945 – British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp, Bergen-Belsen

1945 – US troops occupy concentration camp Colditz

1947 – Jackie Robinson goes hitless in his major league debut

1948 – 1st Jewish-Arab military battle, arabs defeated

1952 – 1st B-52 prototype test flight

1952 – Franklin National Bank issues 1st bank credit card

1952 – The maiden flight of the B-52 Stratofortress

1955 – Ray Kroc starts McDonald’s chain of fast food restaurants (Illinois)

1957 – Saturday mail delivery restored after Congress givs PO $41 million

1959 – Fidel Castro begins US goodwill tour

1959 – US Sect of States John Foster Dulles resigns

1962 – US national debt above $300,000,000,000

1964 – Chesapeake Bay Bridge opens (world’s longest)

1964 – Ian Smith becomes premier of Rhodesia

1969 – North Korea shoots at US airplane above Japanese sea

1970 – Libyan leader Gadaffi launches “Green Revolution”

1971 – 43rd Academy Awards – “Patton,” George C Scott & Glenda Jackson win

1972 – Barbra Striesand, James Taylor, Carole King & Quincy Jones perform at a benefit for George McGovern for President

1973 – Walt Disney Story opens

1974 – Military coup in Niger, president Diori Hamani deposed

1975 – 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken

1978 – 43 die as 2 express trains collide head-on south of Bologna, Italy

1981 – Janet Cooke says her Pulitzer award 8-year-old heroin addict story is a lie, Wash Post relinquishes Pulitzer Prize on fabricated story

1982 – Apollo Computer announces DN400, DN420, & landscape display

1983 – Tokyo Disneyland opens

1984 – Extremist Sikhs plunder 40 stations in Punjab India

1986 – US air raids Libya, responding to La Belle disco, Berlin bombing

1986 – The United States launches Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya.

1988 – Meteorite explode above Indonesia

1989 – 95 crushed to death at Sheffield Soccer Stadium in England

1989 – Then largest lottery in North America ($69M) drawn in Illinois

1990 – “In Living Color” premieres on FOX-TV

1991 – Former child actor Adam Rich charged with burglary

1991 – Magic Johnson sets NBA record for career assistswith 9,898

1991 – Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $280 per week

1992 – Billionaire Leona Helmsly is sent to jail for tax evasion

1992 – Jay Leno’s final appearance as permanent guest host of Tonight

1992 – Lincoln Hospital in Bronx loses its accreditation

1992 – William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy & DeForest Kelley inducted into National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame

1997 – America On Line, begins service in Japan

1997 – Baseball honors Jackie Robinson by retiring #42 for all teams

1997 – Fire sweeps through a campsite of Muslims making the Hajj pilgrimage; the official death toll is 343.

2010 – Volcanic ash from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland leads to the closure of airspace over most of Europe.

2012 – 400 Islamist Militants escape from a Pakistan prison after an insurgent attack

2012 – US Secret Service inappropriate conduct scandal begins with at least 11 people implicated

 

 

 

Births

1452 – Leonardo da Vinci, Italy, painter/sculptor/scientist/visionary

1469 – Nanak, 1st guru of Sikhs

1489 – Sinan, Ottoman architect (d. 1588)

1552 – Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1626)

1588 – Claudius Salmasius, [Claude Saumaise], French linguist

1641 – Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)

1646 – King Christian V of Denmark (d. 1699)

1646 – Pierre Poiret, French mystic (d. 1719)

1684 – Catherine I, empress of Russia (1725-27)

1707 – Leonhard Euler, Bassle Sweden, mathematician (Euler’s Constant)

1710 – William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)

1741 – Charles Willson Peale, US, port painter/inventor (George Washington)

1772 – Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. 1844)

1793 – Friedrich Struve, Germany, founded dynasty of astronomers

1794 – Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist (d. 1867)

1800 – James Clark Ross, explorer (British Antarctic)

1809 – Hermann Gunther Grassmann, mathematician

1820 – Evander McNair, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1902

1821 – Emerson Brown Joseph, (Confederacy), died in 1894

1822 – Napolean Jackson Tecumseh Dana, Major General (Union volunteers)

1829 – Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon

1837 – Horace Porter, Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1921

1841 – Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)

1843 – Henry James, American/British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), (d. 1916)

1874 – Johannes Stark, Germany, physicist (Stark effect) (Nobel 1919)

1874 – George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)

1875 – James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1953)

1885 – Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)

1889 – Thomas Hart Benton, Missouri, painter/muralist (Lonesome Road)

1891 – Alvin Carter, Virginia, vocalist (Carter Family)

1892 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)

1892 – Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)

1894 – Elizabeth Mae “Bessie” Smith, Empress of Blues (over 200 songs)

1894 – Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, Kalinovka, Dmitriyevsky Uyezd, Kursk Governorate, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64)

1895 – Harry F V Edward, British Guiana, 100m/200m runner (Oly-bronze-1920)

1895 – Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player (d. 1980)

1896 – Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)

1901 – Joe Davis, English snooker/billiards-world champ (1927-46)

1907 – Nicholas Tinbergen, Neth/British biologist/zoologist (Nobel 1973)

1912 – Kim II Sung, pres of North Korea (1945-94)

1912 – Peter Menzies, CEO (British Electricity Council)

1916 – Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)

1917 – Hans Conried, Balt Md, actor (Bullwinkle Show, Make Room for Daddy)

1920 – Thomas Szasz, Budapest, Hungary, psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), (d. 2012)

1922 – Michael Ansara, Lowell Mass, actor (Cochise-Broken Arrow, Centennial)

1927 – Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)

1928 – Norma Merrick Sklarek, 1st black woman architect in NY & Calif

1929 – Adrian Cadbury, candy manufacturer (Cadbury, Schweppes)

1933 – Boris Strugatski, USSR, sci-fi author (Tale of Troika)

1933 – Elizabeth Montgomery, LA California, actress (Samantha/Serena-Bewitched)

1933 – Roy Clark, Meherrin Va, country singer (Hee Haw)

1938 – Claudia Cardinale, Tunisian-born actress (The Pink Panther)

1939 – Marti Wilder, father of rocker Kim Wilde

1940 – Edy Hubacher, Switzerland, 4-man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1972)

1940 – Jeffrey Archer, England, (Tory-Commons)/author (Matter of Honor)

1940 – Robert Walker Jr, NYC, actor (Ceremony, Ms Don Juan, Ensign Pulver)

1940 – Robert Lacroix, French Canadian professor of economics

1942 – Walter Raphael Hazzard, Wilmington Del, basketball (Olympic-gold-1964)

1942 – Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)

1944 – Dave Edmunds, Wales, singer/guitarist (Rockpile-Baby I Love You)

1947 – Linda Bloodworth-Thomason, TV producer (Designing Women, Murphy Brown)

1947 – Michael DeBello, singer (Maniac)

1951 – Heloise II, columnist (Heloise’s Helpful Hints)

1951 – John L Phillips, Ft Belvoir Va, PhD/astronaut

1951 – Marsha S Ivins, Baltimore Maryland, astronaut (STS 32, 46, 62, 81)

1954 – Seka, American  actress

1955 – Barbara Barrow, LPGA golfer

1955 – Enith Salle Brigitha, Neth, 100m/200m swimmer (Olympic-bronze-1976)

1955 – Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)

1956 – Gregory J Harbaugh, Cleveland Ohio, astronaut (STS 39, 54, 71, 82)

1957 – Evelyn Ashford, Shreveport LA, 100m runner (Oly-4 gold-1976, 84)

1958 – Matt Reid, rock keyboardist (Berlin-Takes Your Breathe Away)

1959 – Emma Thompson, England, actress (Henry V, Howards End, Oscar-1992)

1960 – Marvin Clyde Goodwin, New Orleans La, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1961 – Tiina Lillak, Finland, javelin thrower (Olympic-silver-1984)

1963 – Teresa Wentzel DeWitt, Ft Bragg NC, double trap (Olympics-1996)

1963 – Bobby Pepper, American journalist

1966 – Samantha Karen Fox, East End London England, singer (Touch Me)

1967 – Dara Torres, Beverly Hills CA, US Olympic swimmer (Olympic-gold-84)

1968 – Stacey Williams, Phila Penn, model (SI Swimsuit 1996)

1971 – Jason Sehorn, NFL cornerback/safety (NY Giants)

1971 – Sarah Jane Hamilton, British  actress

1972 – Peter Billingsley, NYC, actor (Real People)

1972 – Lou Romano, American voice actor

1974 – Josh Todd, American musician (Buckcherry)

1975 – Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)

1976 – Susan Ward, American actress

1977 – Lisa Bell, Rockford Ill, figure skater (1997 Midwestern Sr champ)

1980 – Fränk Schleck, Luxembourgish cyclist

1982 – Seth Rogen, Canadian actor and writer

1984 – Ben Kasica, Guitarist of rock band Skillet

1990 – Emma Watson, Paris, France, English actress (Hermione Granger-Harry Potter Series)

 

 

Deaths

1053 – Godwin, Earl of Wessex

1220 – Adolf I, archbishop of Cologne, dies

1415 – Manuel Chrysoloras, Greek humanist and grammarian

1472 – Leon B Alberti, Italian humanist/architect (Philodoxis), dies at 68

1502 – Jan IV Chalon, prince of Orange, dies

1605 – Boris Godunov, tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies

1621 – John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony

1632 – George Calvert, Proprietor of the Avalon (Maryland) Colony (b. 1580)

1761 – Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)

1761 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (b. 1696)

1764 – Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1721) of tuberculosis aged 42

1793 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer (b. 1718)

1804 – Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)

1824 – Theodorus F van Capellen, vice-admiral (Algiers), dies at 61

1854 – Arthur Aikin, English chemist, mineralogist, and writer (b. 1773)

1865 – Abraham Lincoln, 16th American president, dies from gunshot wound at 56

1898 – Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader

1911 – Georg Knorr, German engineer, dies

1912 – Edward Smith, captain of the RMS Titanic (b. 1850)

1912 – John Jacob Astor IV, billionaire (b. 1864)

1920 – Jacob van Stolk Azn, art collector, dies at 74

1925 – John Singer Sargent, US portrait painter, dies at 69

1948 – Radola Gajda, Czech military commander and politician (d. 1892)

1949 – Wallace Beery, US actor (The Champ), dies at 64

1967 – Antonio de Curtis Toto, comedian, dies of heart attack at 69

1971 – Dan Reeves, American football team owner (b. 1912)

1975 – John B McKay, US test pilot (X-15), dies

1980 – Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialist philosopher and writer (Nobel 1964), dies in Paris at 74

1980 – Raymond Bailey, actor (Mr Drysdale-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 75

1982 – 5 murderers, of Egyptian pres Sadat, executed

1983 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (b. 1892)

1984 – Tommy Cooper, comedian, dies at 61

1986 – Jean Genet, French criminal/novelist/dramatist, dies at 75

1986 – Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin, cosmonaut, dies at 76

1989 – Nesuhi Ertegün, American record executive (b. 1917)

1990 – Greta Garbo, actress (Anna Karenina, Camille), dies at 84

1993 – Leslie Charteris, British mystery writer (Saint), dies at 85

1993 – John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (b. 1908)

1994 – John Curry, English figure skater (Oly-gold-76), dies of AIDS at 44

1995 – Denis Harding, soldier, dies at 79

1998 – Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (b. 1925)

1999 – Harvey Postlethwaite, British engineer and racing car designer (b. 1944)

2000 – Edward Gorey, American illustrator (b. 1925)

2001 – Joey Ramone, American musician and singer (The Ramones) (b. 1951)

2002 – Byron “Whizzer” White, American football player and U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1917)

2007 – Brant Parker, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

2010 – Jack Herer, American author and cannabis activist (b. 1939)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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