Category: Education

Today In The Past




1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.

1389 - Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe (see Vidovdan).

1635 - French colony of Guadeloupe established in Caribbean

1762 - 1st reported counterfeiting attempt (Boston)

1776 - Charleston, SC repulses British sea attack

1778 - Battle of Monmouth, NJ (Gen Washington beats Clinton)

1778 - Mary Ludwig Hayes “Molly Pitcher” aids American patriots

1820 - Tomato is proven non-poisonous

1838 - Britain’s Queen Victoria crowned in Westminster Abbey

1859 - 1st dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England)

1865 - The Army of the Potomac is disbanded

1880 - Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.

1902 - US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million

1909 - 1st French air show, Concours d’Avation opens

1914 - Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip , the casus belli of World War I.

1919 - Carl Mazes pitches a complete doubleheader against NY Yankees

1919 - Treaty of Versailles ending WW I signed in France

1934 - Hitler flies to Essen (Night of Long Knifes)

1935 - FDR ordersa federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox Kentucky

1942 - Dumont TV network begins (WABD NY)

1948 - US/British airlift to West-Berlin begins

1950 - North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea in opening phase of the Korean War

1957 - Reds’ fans stuff ballot box, electing 8 Reds as All Star starters

1965 - 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by Pres Johnson

1968 - Daniel Ellsberg indicted for leaking Pentagon Papers

1971 - Fillmore East closes

1975 - Golfer Lee Trevino is struck by lightning at Western Open (Ill)

1978 - Supreme Court orders Cal medical school to admit Allan Bakke a white man claiming reverse discrimination when application was rejected

2000 - Cuban exile Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme Court order.

2004 - Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.






1367 - Sigismund, German Emperor/king of Hungary/Bohemia

1491 - Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47)

1577 - Peter Paul Rubens, Siegen, Flemish Baroque painter (Circumcision)

1712 - Jean Jacques Rousseau, France, composer/social contractor (Confession)

1824 - Paul Broca, France, brain surgeon/anthro (located speech center)

1902 - John Dillinger, US bank robber (public enemy #1)

1902 - Richard Rodgers, Hammels Station NY, composer (Rodgers & Hammerstein)

1909 - Eric Ambler, London, suspense writer (Epitaph for a Spy)

1914 - Lester Raymond Flatt, TN, bluegrass (Earl-Ballad of Jed Clampett)

1926 - Mel Brooks, New York City, American actor and director (Blazing Saddles, Spaceballs)

1931 - Junior Johnson, American NASCAR driver

1938 - John Byner, American comedian

1946 - Gilda Radner, Detroit Mich, actress (SNL, Haunted Honeymoon)

1960 - John Elway, NFL quarterback (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32)






548 - Theodora, dancer/empress of Byzantine (Nika-oproer), dies

1194 - Emperor Xiaozong of Song China (b. 1127)

1776 - Thomas Hickey, American sergeant convicted of treason, hanged

1836 - James Madison, 4th US pres (1809-17), dies in Montpelier Va at 85

1889 - Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), dies at 70

1937 - Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64

1975 - Rod Serling, writer/host (Twilight Zone, Night Gallery), dies at 50

2001 - Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)

2006 - Jim Baen, American science fiction publisher and editor (b. 1943)

2010 - Robert Byrd, American politician (b. 1917)















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Today In The Past





1542 - Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo claims California for Spain

1652 - New Amsterdam (now NYC) passes 1st speed limit law in US

1693 - 1st woman’s magazine “Ladies’ Mercury” published (London)

1743 - War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: on the battlefield in Bavaria, George II personally leads troops into battle. The last time that a British monarch would command troops in the field.

1759 - General James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.

1778 - Liberty Bell came home to Phila after the British had left

1847 - NY & Boston linked by telegraph wires

1893 - Great stock crash on NY stock exchange

1905 - Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship “Potemkin”

1929 - 1st color TV demo (NYC)

1940 - Soviet Army attacks Romania

1942 - FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY’s Long Island

1950 - US sends 35 military advisers to South Vietnam

1950 - North Koreans troop reach Seoul, UN asks members to aid South Korea, Harry Truman orders Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict

1954 - 1st atomic power station opens (Obninsk, near Moscow, Russia)

1954 - CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow elected government of Guatemala

1955 - 1st automobile seat belt legislation enacted (Illinois)

1957 - Hurricane Audrey, kills 526 in Louisiana & Texas

1963 - USAF Major Robert A Rushworth in X-15 reaches 86,900 m

1973 - “Live & Let Die” premieres in US

1976 - Israeli raid on Entebbe, Uganda

1977 - Willie McCovey smashes 2 HRs in inning for 2nd time (Apr 12, 1973)

1985 - Route 66 (Chicago to Santa Monica), is decertified

1993 - Don Henley booed in Milwaukee when he dedicates the song “It’s Not Easy Being Green” to President Clinton

1994 - Aerosmith become first major band to let fans download a full new track free from the internet

2008 - Bill Gates steps down as Chairman of Microsoft Corporation to work full time for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.






1040 - King Ladislaus I of Hungary (d. 1095)

1838 - Paul von Mauser, German weapon designer (d. 1914)

1869 - Emma Goldman, anarchist/publisher (Mother Earth)

1880 - Helen Keller, Ala, blind-deaf author/lecturer had more sense than many

1899 - Juan Trippe, American airline entrepreneur (d. 1981)

1923 - Paul F Conrad, Cedar Rapids Iowa, cartoonist (Pulitzer 1964, 71, 84)

1925 - Jerome “Doc” Pomus, rocker

1930 - H Ross Perot, Texas, billionaire/presidental candidate (1992)

1944 - Bruce Johnston, US pop musician (Beach Boys-God Only Knows)

1955 - Isabelle Adjani, Paris, actress (Story of Adele H, Driver, Ishtar)

1985 - Nico Rosberg, German race car driver






444 - Cyrillus van Alexandria, patriarch of Alexandria, dies

1638 - Lukaris Cyrillus, patriarch of Alexandria/Constantinople, dies

1844 - Hyrum Smith, founder/leader (Mormon Church), shot by mob in Carthage Ill

1844 - Joseph Smith Jr, founder/leader (Mormon Church), shot by mob at 38

1889 - Carlotta Patti, Italian soprano, dies

1952 - Max Dehn, German mathematician (b. 1878)

1971 - Kenneth Washington, actor (Sgt Baker-Hogan’s Heroes), dies at 53

1995 - Prez “Kidd” Kenneth, blues singer/guitarist, dies at 61

2001 - Jack Lemmon, American actor (b. 1925)

2002 - John Entwistle, bass-player with The Who dies in his sleep of a heart attack in his Las Vegas hotel room aged 57

2004 - George Patton IV, American general (b. 1923)

2005 - Shelby Foote, American author and historian (b. 1917)

2005 - Domino Harvey, English-born bounty hunter (b. 1969)














How To Choose A Public Toilet Using Math







” Go to any large-scale outdoor event, like a music festival, and you’ll be confronted by an array of public toilets—but some may not really be fit to use by the time you get to them. Here’s how to ensure you get the best spot to relieve yourself, using math.

  In this video, Dr Ria Symonds breaks down the problem, starting small and extending the theory to hundreds of toilets, so you can try and apply some logic next time you’re caught short. Good luck! [Numberphile] .”


 Today In The Past



684 - St Benedict II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1284 - Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away (actually happened)

1498 - Toothbrush invented

1721 - Dr Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America

1797 - Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can’t sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!

1843 - Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony

1848 - 1st pure food law enacted in US

1896 - 1st movie theater in US opens, charging 10 cents for admission

1906 - Hongar Szisz wins 1st Grand-Prix (Le Mans, France)

1917 - 1st US Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I

1936 - 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter

1941 - Finland enters WW II against Russia

1944 - Yanks, Dodgers & Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yanks-1 & Giants-0

1945 - UN Charter signed by 50 nations in SF

1959 - Ingemar Johansson TKOs Floyd Patterson in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

1959 - Queen Elizabeth & Pres Eisenhower open St Lawrence Seaway

1964 - Beatles release “A Hard Day’s Night” album

1970 - Frank Robinson hits 2 grand slams as Orioles beat Senators 12-2

1974 - The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley’s chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio

1975 - Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.

1977 - Elvis Presley sings in Indianapolis, last performance of his career

1990 - 122°F in Phoenix Arizona

1994 - 104°F (40°C) at Denver Colorado

1994 - 107°F (41.6°C) at Albuquerque New Mexico

1994 - 112°F (44.4°C) at El Paso Texas

1994 - 122°F (50°C) at Laughlin Nevada

1994 - 126°F (52.2°C) in Death Valley Calif

1995 - Gunmen ambush Egyptian pres Hosni Mubarak, escapes unharmed

2008 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules in District of Columbia v. Heller that the ban on handguns in the District of Columbia is unconstitutional.






1575 - Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1612)

1819 - Abner Doubleday, Mjr Gen (Union)/inventor (baseball) [or 1/26]

1887 - Anthony G de Rothschild, Britain, philanthropist

1892 - Pearl Sydenstricker Buck, China, author (Good Earth-Nobel 1938)




1893 - “Big Bill” Broonzy, Miss, blues singer/guitarist (Blues by Broonzy)






1898 - Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer




1898 - Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (d. 1971)







1904 - Peter Lorre, Hungarian/US, actor (M, Casablanca, Beast with 5 Fingers)

1911 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (d. 1956)

1943 - Georgie Fame, rock vocalist (Get Away, Ballad of Bonnie & Clyde)

1961 - Greg LeMond, US bicyclist (Tour de France winner-1986, 1989, 1990)

1973 - Gretchen Wilson, American singer

1974 - Derek Jeter, Pequanock NJ, shortstop (NY Yankees, Rookie of Year 1996)

1979 - Ryo Fukuda, Japanese racing driver






363 - Flavius C Julianus, [Apostata], emperor of Rome (361-63), dies

1541 - Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.

1863 - Andrew Hull Foote, US Union lt admiral, dies

1993 - Roy Campanella, 3xMVP catcher (Dodgers), dies of a heart attack at 71

2003 - Strom Thurmond, U.S. Senator (b. 1902)

2003 - Sir Dennis Thatcher MBE, husband of Margaret Thatcher (b. 1915)

2007 - Liz Claiborne, Belgian-born American fashion designer (b. 1929)













A Most Pertinent Question From Erich Bridges At The Baptist Press








” If you want to stand in the room where America as an idea was conceived, visit Montpelier, where James Madison grew up, lived most of his life and died.

  Montpelier is a beautiful place, nestled in the foothills of Virginia’s Blue Ridge Mountains. On clear days, you can see the peaks rising in the distance through the second-floor window in the library of the restored plantation house. I stood in that spot recently and trembled at the magnitude of what took place there, in the mind of one man. “






” You can imagine Madison looking out that very window for inspiration during the months he spent alone there before the historic summer of 1787, poring over his own books and the many volumes of history, philosophy and politics sent to him by his friend and political ally Thomas Jefferson. When he emerged from his self-imposed intellectual retreat, Madison carried the ideas that would form the basis of the U.S. Constitution and its first 10 amendments, the Bill of Rights

  Without those founding documents, our nation — which was then a shaky confederation of former colonies on the verge of squandering their hard-won independence from England — would not exist. And you would not enjoy the right to speak, worship, vote and assemble with others as you please. Neither would untold millions of other people across the world, freed from their chains by the ideas Madison not only forged but ceaselessly labored for, wrote about and campaigned to see ratified.

  To be sure, the encouragement of Madison’s great mentor Jefferson (who also wrote a little something called the Declaration of Independence) was crucial. So was the instant credibility George Washington brought when Madison persuaded the beloved revolutionary general to attend the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787. Many others contributed to the basic principles that went into the Constitution, both during Madison’s formative years in the Virginia legislature and during the long, hot summer of the convention itself, where he spoke more than 200 times. “








” But without Madison in his finest hour, where would we be today?

” As a framer and defender of the Constitution he had no peer,” historian Garry Wills wrote. “No man could do everything for the country — not even Washington. Madison did more than most, and did some things better than any. That was quite enough.”

  He would go on to serve two terms as president, lead the young country through the War of 1812 and live until age 85, the last of the Founding Fathers to pass off the scene. Yet in that pivotal year of 1787, James Madison was 36 years old. And he was far younger when he began grappling with the ideas that would make him the “Father of the Constitution.”

  I highlight Madison’s youth at the time in order to pose a question: Where are the Madisons of today? More specifically, where are the spiritual Madisons?”








” We keep hearing that the Millennials, born after 1980, are leaving churches in droves (or never joining in the first place), that they are wary of making commitments to faith communities, government, school, marriage or any other institution. They like having unlimited options, we’re told, and prefer digital social networks to joining or forming the groups that traditionally have held society together. 

  The Pew Research Center supplied more confirmation of those attitudes in its study released March 7, “Millennials in Adulthood: Detached from Institutions, Networked with Friends.”

” The Millennial generation is forging a distinctive path into adulthood,” the study reported. “Now ranging in age from 18 to 33, they are relatively unattached to organized politics and religion, linked by social media, burdened by debt, distrustful of people, in no rush to marry — and optimistic about the future. … [H]alf of Millennials now describe themselves as political independents and about three in 10 say they are not affiliated with any religion.”

  Pew said Millennials are “at or near the highest levels of political and religious disaffiliation recorded for any generation in the quarter-century [it] has been polling on these topics.” “







” You have to give Millennials credit for being optimistic about the future, given the crummy economic and career prospects they’ve been handed. Maybe that’s the natural energy and hope of youth. The grim economic outlook of recent years, not to mention massive student debt, also explains part of their reluctance to get married and enter into other major social or financial commitments. The issue of trusting others, however, is revealing.

” Millennials have emerged into adulthood with low levels of social trust,” Pew reported. “In response to a longstanding social science survey question, ‘Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can’t be too careful in dealing with people?’ just 19 percent of Millennials say most people can be trusted, compared with 31 percent of Gen Xers [born from 1965 to 1980], 37 percent of [the Silent Generation, born from 1928 to 1945] and 40 percent of Boomers [born from 1946 to 1964].”

  People tend not to interact with those they don’t trust — and definitely won’t willingly work with them, join churches or other voluntary organizations with them, or cooperate with them to keep civil society functioning. 

  Perhaps you’re a Millennial believer in Christ, but you’ve decided to take a pass on being part of a local church. It’s an outmoded institution encrusted with irrelevant traditions, you say. You’re “spiritual but not religious,” so you intend to worship on your own or with a few close friends. You plan to do ministry and missions that way, too, rather than bothering with bulky religious organizations that might waste your time and money. 

  It’s your choice. But consider this: What if James Madison had decided to go it alone after the American Revolution? He could have stayed at Montpelier and enjoyed his big Virginia plantation — and let others worry about a fledgling nation on the edge of collapse. Instead, he rolled up his sleeves and plunged into the long, exhausting task of dialogue, debate, compromise and coalition-building that went into creating the United States of America out of the competing interests of 13 ornery colonies.

  The church, a far older institution than the United States, is also the body of Christ. Christ commands that we not only worship, serve and proclaim the Gospel alongside other sinners saved by grace, but that we love them.

  In order to form a more perfect union, we must commit ourselves to renewing the imperfect one we have. We need you to be a part of it.”




Thanks to the Baptist Press and author Erich Bridges for bringing this thought provoking piece to us .











Heartland Institute







    Distract , Deceive , Divide , Indoctrinate , Disarm




















Today In The Past





253 - St Lucius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1183 - Peace of Konstanz

1500 - Pope Alexander VI accept Treaty of Granada

1630 - Fork introduced to American dining by Gov Winthrop

1638 - Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in US

1788 - Virginia becomes 10th state to ratify US constitution

1798 - US passes Alien Act allowing president to deport dangerous aliens

1867 - 1st barbed wire patented by Lucien B Smith of Ohio

1868 - FL, AL, LA, GA, NC & SC readmitted to US




1876 - Custer & 7th Cavalry wiped out by Sioux & Cheyenne at Little Big Horn







1910 - Mann Act passed (no women across state lines for immoral purposes)

1929 - Pres Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)

1935 - Joe Louis defeats Primo Carnera at Yankee Stadium

1938 - “A Tisket A Tasket” by Ella Fitzgerald with Chick Webb hits #1

1942 - Maj Gen Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

1947 - Tennis shoe introduced

1949 - Long-Haired Hare is released in Theaters starring Bugs Bunny.

1950 - Korean conflict begins; N Korea invades S Korea

1951 - 1st color TV broadcast-CBS’ Arthur Godfrey from NYC to 4 cities

1956 - 51 die in collision of “Andrea Doria” & “Stockholm” (Cape Cod)

1968 - Bobby Bonds hits a grand slam in his 1st major league game (Giants)

1977 - Roy C Sullivan of Va is struck by lightning for 7th time!

1979 - Failed attack on NATO commander Haig in Obourg, Belgium

1981 - Supreme Court upholds male-only draft registration, constitutional

1988 - Cal Ripken Jr plays in his 1,000th consecutive game

1996 - The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen.





1242 - Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittanny (d. 1275)

1726 - Thomas Pennant, British naturalist

1886 - Henry “Hap” Arnold, commanding general, US Army Air Force (WW II)

1900 - Lord Louis Mountbatten, of Burma, royal relative/earl/baron/admiral




1903 - George Orwell, [Eric A Blair], Bihar, British India, British writer (Animal Farm, 1984), (d. 1950)







1924 - Sidney Lumet, Phila, director (Group, Pawnbroker, Fail Safe)

1925 - Clifton Chenier, Opelousas La, blues singer (Bayou Blues)

1925 - June Lockhart, NYC, actr (Lassie, Lost in Space, Petticoat Junction)

1929 - Eric Carle, American author

1936 - Harold Melvin, US singer (Blue Notes-My Hero)

1945 - Carly Simon, NYC, singer (Anticipation, You’re So Vain)

1946 - Allen Lanier, rock keyboardist/guitarist/vocalist (Blue Oyster Cult)

1956 - Anthony Bourdain, Chef and author





1212 - Simon de Montfort, a leader of the crusades, dies at 67

1483 - Edward V, king of England (Apr 9-Jun 25, 1483), murdered

1533 - Mary Tudor, queen consort of Louis XII of France (b. 1496)

1579 - Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1541)

1876 - Boston Custer, brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn

1876 - George A Custer, US general (Little Bighorn), dies at 36

1876 - Thomas W Custer, brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn

1906 - Stanford White, Architect, shot dead atop Madison Square Garden which he designed by Harry Thaw jealous husband of Evelyn Nesbit

1916 - Thomas Eakins, American artist (b. 1844)

1956 - Ernest J King, US fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations, dies at 77




1959 - Charles Starkweather, spree killer (b. 1938)







1976 - Johnny Mercer, US songwriter (That old Black Magic), dies at 66

1995 - Warren Earl Burger, Supreme Court Justice, dies of heart failure at 78

1997 - Jacques-Yves Cousteau, Fren oceanographer, dies of heart attack at 87

2009 - Michael Jackson, American recording artist, entertainer and King of Pop music (The Jackson 5, Thriller, Dangerous) dies of cardiac arrest aged 50

2009 - Farrah Fawcett, American actress and pop culture figure (b.1947)














This Kid Is Hysterical




   WARNING: Extreme Language , but you will laugh your a** off at this kid’s recollection of Mrs Harper’s 3rd grade class trip .




    Enjoy this young man’s tale of a class trip to the cotton fields of Montgomery county , Alabama in August , where he and all 28 0f his fellow black classmates got to pick cotton for free .

Wal-Mart’s Scathing Response To A New York Times Columnist Who Eviscerated The Company


Walmart Tovar letter



” A Wal-Mart spokesman attacked New York Times columnist Timothy Egan in a disparaging and sarcasm-laced blog post last week for what he calls “wildly inaccurate” reporting.

  David Tovar, the retailer’s director of corporate communications, marked up the column — titled “The Corporate Daddy” — with a red pen and posted his edits to the company’s blog on Friday.”


Business Insider









Today in the Past




451 - 10th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

843 - Vikings destroy Nantes

1314 - Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England

1441 - Eton College founded by Henry VI

1509 - Henry VIII crowned King of England

1540 - Henry VIII divorces his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves

1664 - The colony of New Jersey is founded.

1795 - US & Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty

1817 - 1st coffee planted in Hawaii on Kona coast

1853 - Gadsden Purchase 29,670-square-mile (76,800 square km) from Mexico (now southern Arizona and New Mexico) for $10 million signed by President Franklin Pierce 

1861 - Tennessee becomes 11th (& last) state to secede from US

1863 - Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee’s army crosses Potomac




1884 John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention








1894 - Decision to hold modern Olympics every 4 years

1916 - Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to get a million dollar contract.

1917 - Russian Black Sea fleet mutiny at Sebastopol

1930 - 1st radar detection of planes, Anacostia DC

1938 - 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh Pennsylvania

1939 - Pan Am’s 1st US to England flight

1947 - Jackie Robinson swipes home for 1st of 19 times in his career

1948 - Soviet Union begins Berlin Blockade

1962 - Jack Reed’s 22nd-inning HR wins longest NY Yankee game in history

1968 - Jim Northrup hits 2 grand-slammers to help Tigers beat Cleve 14-3

1970 - “Catch 22″ opens in movie theaters

1970 - Bobby Murcer ties record of 4 consecutive HRs

1972 - “Troglodyte (Cave Man)” by Jimmy Castor Bunch peaks at #6




1972 - Yvonne Braitwaite Burke becomes 1st black chair in Dem convention








1980 - Affirmed wins $500,000 Hollywood Cup, 1st horse to win $2 million

2004 - In New York, capital punishment is declared unconstitutional.






1386 - Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian saint (d. 1456)

1771 - E I Du Pont, France, chemist/scientist (Du Pont)

1813 - Henry Ward Beecher, Litchfield Ct, clergyman/orator (Independent)

1842 - Ambrose Bierce, Meigs County, Ohio, American writer and satirist (Devil’s Dictionary, Nuggets & Dust)

1850 - Horatio Herbert Kitchener, England, original Order of Merit member

1897 - Daniel K. Ludwig, American shipping magnate (d. 1992)

1899 - Chief Dan George, actor (Harry & Tonto, Little Big Man. Smith!)

1903 - Phil Harris, Linton In, actor (Anything Goes, Robin Hood)

1911 - Juan Manuel Fangio, racing driver

1944 - Jeff Beck, Surrey England, singer/guitarist (Jeff Beck Group)

1950 - Mercedes R Lackey, US, sci-fi author (Arrow’s Fall, Magic’s Pawn)






1398 - Hongwu Emperor of China (b. 1328)

1519 - Lucrezia Borgia, daughter of Pope Alexander, dies at 39

1817 - Thomas McKean, US attorney/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 83

1908 - Grover Cleveland, 22nd & 24th Pres (1885-89, 93-97), dies at 71

1946 - Louise Whitfield Carnegie, American philanthropist (b. 1857)

1987 - Jackie Gleason, comedian (Honeymooners), dies of colon cancer at 71

2007 - Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1967)















The Scandal Of Fiddled Global Warming Data






” When future generations try to understand how the world got carried away around the end of the 20th century by the panic over global warming, few things will amaze them more than the part played in stoking up the scare by the fiddling of official temperature data. There was already much evidence of this seven years ago, when I was writing my history of the scare, The Real Global Warming Disaster. But now another damning example has been uncovered by Steven Goddard’s US blog Real Science, showing how shamelessly manipulated has been one of the world’s most influential climate records, the graph of US surface temperature records published by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

  Goddard shows how, in recent years, NOAA’s US Historical Climatology Network (USHCN) has been “adjusting” its record by replacing real temperatures with data “fabricated” by computer models. The effect of this has been to downgrade earlier temperatures and to exaggerate those from recent decades, to give the impression that the Earth has been warming up much more than is justified by the actual data. In several posts headed “Data tampering at USHCN/GISS”, Goddard compares the currently published temperature graphs with those based only on temperatures measured at the time. These show that the US has actually been cooling since the Thirties, the hottest decade on record; whereas the latest graph, nearly half of it based on “fabricated” data, shows it to have been warming at a rate equivalent to more than 3 degrees centigrade per century.”



Read more at the Telegraph










Today In The Past



930 - World’s oldest parliament, the Iceland Parliament, established

1683 - William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; 

1775 - 1st regatta held on Thames, England

1776 - Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to US Congress

1780 - American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township.

1784 - 1st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)

1810 - John Jacob Astor organizes Pacific Fur Co (Astoria, Oregon)

1868 - Christopher Latham Sholes patents “Type-writer”

1888 - Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for president

1894 - The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.

1931 - Wiley Post & Harold Catty took off for flight around world

1939 - Bronko Nagurski beats Lou Thesz in Houston, to become wrestling champ

1947 - Truman’s veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by congress

1949 - 1st 12 women graduate from Harvard Medical School

1950 - Swiss parliament refuses voting right for women

1952 - US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu Korea

1955 - Walt Disney’s “Lady & the Tramp” released

1961 - USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,830 m

1964 - Gen Maxwell Taylor appointed US ambassador in South Vietnam

1967 - Jim Ryun sets mile record (3:51.1, Bakersfield CA)

1969 - Warren E Burger sworn in as Supreme Court Chief Justice

1974 - 1st extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space

1976 - CCN Tower in Toronto, tallest free-standing structure (555 m) opens

1979 - Charlie Daniels Band releases “Devil Went Down to Georgia”

1979 - Rock group, the Knack releases “My Sharona”

1981 - 33 inning game ends, Pawtucket 3, Rochester 2

1982 - -117°F; All time low at South Pole

1986 - Tip O’Neill refuses to let Reagan address House

1991 - Mazda becomes 1st Japanese car to capture Le Mans 24 hour race

1993 - Lorena Gallo Bobbitt amputates husband’s John Wayne Bobbitt’s penis

1997 - Dow Jones drops 192.25 pts






47 BC - Pharaoh Ptolemy XV of Egypt (d. 30 BC)

1534 - Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (d. 1582)

1894 - Alfred Kinsey, Hoboken, New Jersey, American entomologist/sexologist (Kinsey Report)

1894 - Edward VIII, King of Great Brit/N-Ireland/emperor of India (1936)

1902 - Howard T Engstrom, Boston, computer designer (Univac)

1940 - Wilma Rudolph, St Bethlehem Tenn, runner (Olympic-3 gold-1960)

1943 - Vint Cerf, American Internet pioneer, Turing Award laureate

1948 - Clarence Thomas, Savannah Ga, 108th US Supreme Court Justice (1991- )

1977 - Jason Mraz, American singer and songwriter






79 - Vespasian, Roman Emperor (b. 9)

1582 - Shimizu Muneharu, Japanese military leader (b. 1537)

1916 - Victor Chapman, US legionaire/WW I pilot, killed

1945 - Lt Gen Ushijima, Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa

1970 - Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (b. 1895)

1995 - Jonas Salk, biologist (Polio vaccine), dies of heart failure

2005 - Shana Alexander, American columnist (b. 1926)

2009 - Ed McMahon, American television personality (b. 1923)

2011 - Peter Falk, American actor (b. 1927)













Parents Shocked When School Features 4-Year-Olds Pole Dancing To Disney Tunes







” Parents of students at Crockenhill Primary School in Kent, England are fuming over a school-sanctioned pole dancing demonstration that featured performers as young as four years old.

“ One of the ladies that was performing it was wearing a crop top with one of the shoulder sleeves missing – it was quite revealing,” according to one several parents who stormed out of the event at the school’s summer fete Sunday. “The shorts they had on showed more than they should and a lot of people were leaving as a result of it.”

“ I don’t think it would have been as bad if they had been more appropriately dressed,” the father told the Daily Mail. “If it was a leotard, fair enough, but for what they were wearing, and having their faces all made up, it just wasn’t right.” “


EAG News









Today In The Past




168 BC - Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War.

1377 - Richard II succeeds Edward III as king of England

1611 - Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery & never seen again

1633 - Galileo Galilei forced to recant Earth orbits Sun by Pope (on Oct 31, 1992, Vatican admits it was wrong)

1675 - Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

1775 - 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)

1807 - British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812

1812 - Napoleon’s Grand Army invades Russia

1847 - Doughnut created

1873 - Prince Edward Island joins Canada

1910 - 1st airship with passengers sets afloat-Zeppelin Deutscheland

1933 - German social-democratic party (SPD) forbidden

1940 - France falls to Nazi Germany; armistice signed, France disarms

1947 - 12″ rain in 42 mins (Holt, MO)

1949 - Ezzard Charles beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for hw boxing title

1969 - Aretha Franklin arrested in Detroit for creating a disturbance

1970 - Pres Nixon signs 26th amendment (voting age lowered to 18)

1978 - Pluto’s satelite Charon, is discovered

1982 - Pete Rose gets his 3,772nd hit, moves past Aaron into 2nd place

1990 - Billy Joel performs a concert at Yankee Stadium

1990 - Florida passes a law prohibits wearing a thong bathing suit

1992 - Supreme Court rules “hate crime” laws violated free-speech rights





1757 - George Vancouver, surveyed Pacific coast from SF to Vancouver I

1856 - Henry Rider Haggard, author (King Solomon’s Mine, She, Dawn)

1896 - Francis C Denebrink, US Naval officer (WW I, WW II, Korea)

1903 - Carl Hubbell, pitcher (NY Giants)-253 wins, 2.97 lifetime ERA

1922 - Bill Blass, Ft Wayne Ind, fashion designer (Nancy Reagan)

1941 - Ed Bradley, Phila, CBS news correspondent (60 Minutes)

1945 - Howard Kaylan, rocker (Flo & Eddie/Turtles-Happy Together, Eleanor)

1949 - Meryl Streep, New Jersey, American actress (French Lieutenant’s Woman, Sophie’s Choice)

1964 - Dan Brown, Exeter, New Hampshire, American author of thriller fiction (The Da Vinci Code)

1978 - Dan Wheldon, British race car driver





1535 - John Fisher, English bishop (1504-35)/cardinal, beheaded at about 65

1874 - Howard Staunton, world chess champion, designer of chess pieces, dies

1903 - George White, black resident of Delaware, lynched

1965 - David O Selznick, producer (Gone With the Wind), dies at 63

1969 - Judy Garland, actress (Wizard of Oz, Easter Parade), dies at 47 of an overdose

1979 - Louis Chiron, Monaco race car driver (b. 1899)

1987 - Fred Astaire, actor/dancer (Royal Wedding, Let’s Dance), dies at 88

1993 - Pat Nixon, 1st lady (1969-75), dies of lung cancer at 81

2002 - Ann Landers, American columnist (b. 1918)

2008 - George Carlin, American comedian, actor (b. 1937)














Today In The Past




1607- 1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown

1633 - Galileo Galilei is forced by Inquisition to “abjure, curse, & detest” his Copernican heliocentric views

1788 - US Constitution goes into effect as NH is 9th to ratify

1834 - Cyrus Hall McCormick patents reaping machine

1877 - The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons.

1893 - 1st Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago’s Columbian Exposition)

1932 - Heavyweight Jack Sharkey TKOs Max Schmeling (NYC)

1945 - US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa during WW II

1950 - Joe DiMaggio gets his 2,000th hit

1962 - USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 75,190 m

1968 - Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren resigns

1975 - “Jaws” by Steven Spielberg opens

1982 - John Hinckley found not guilty of 1981 attempted assassination of President Reagan by reason of insanity

2001 - A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, indicts 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen.

2004 - SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.

2006 - Pluto’s newly discovered moons are officially named Nix & Hydra.






1002 - Leo IX, [Bruno count of Egesheim & Dagsburg], Pope (1049-54)

1732 - Martha Washington, 1st, 1st lady (1789-97)

1921 - Jane Russell, Bemidji MN, full-figured actress (Outlaw)

1922 - Judy Holliday, NYC, comedienne/actress (Born Yesterday, Adam’s Rib)

1944 - Ray Davies, London, singer/guitarist (Kinks-Come Dancing)

1953 - Benazir Bhutto, 1st female leader of a Moslem nation (Pakistan)

1982 - Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, London, England, son of Prince Charles & Lady Diana






1527 - Niccolo Machiavelli, Florentine statesman/author, dies at 57

1582 - Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534)

1893 - Leland Stanford, American business tycoon and founder of Stanford University

1965 - Bernard M Baruch, pres advisor (termed “Cold War”), dies at 94

1969 - Maureen “Little Mo” Connolly, 1st woman grand slam (1953), dies at 34




2001 - John Lee Hooker, American bluesman , guitaristmusician (b. 1916)







2001 - Carroll O’Connor, American actor (b. 1924)

2008 - Scott Kalitta, American drag racer (b. 1962)












The History Of A Tree (550-1891)






     The actual picture has interactive links pertaining to the historic events that are listed on the photo . To access those links go to the source here . Fascinating stuff .











‘First Moon Party’: Mom Gets Clever Revenge When Daughter Lies About Her First Period In Comical Ad







” While this video, which is actually a commercial by Hello Flo to promote its Period Starter Kit, isn’t for anyone uncomfortable with the word “vagina,” it is a pretty hilarious parody of the drama girls and parents go through during those important pre-teen years.

  Some kids want to grow up way too fast. But when one girl fakes her first period so she can fit in with her friends, her tough (and clever) mom isn’t having it.

  Instead of getting onto her daughter for lying, she punishes her in the most hilarious way – by throwing a “First Moon Party” to celebrate her arrival into womanhood. There’s a uterus pinata, pin the pad on the period, a red fondue fountain – everything that could possibly embarrass a preteen girl, all in one convenient location.”



Independent Journal Review










 Take This Quick Ten Question Test To Find Out


Are you a George Washington …





… Or a Barack Obama ?



“Do you know which president you are? Answer these 10 simple questions to find out!”





We were pleasantly surprised to get one of our heroes …



” You got:

George Washington

You are an amazing influencer and you have a mind that can revolutionize the world. Not only do you set the examples for everyone, but you can guide and show the way like no other! The Constitution is very important to you. Your thoughts and ideas about the world, though some may not like them, are the best and can change the world for the better! “



   As a test , after answering truthfully we ran through it again with different answers and got a very different result . Check yourself .








Today In The Past




451 - Germans & Romans beat Atiila the Hun at Catalarinische Fields

1214 - The University of Oxford receives its charter.

1633 - Charter for Maryland is given to Lord Cecil Baltimore

1756 - 146 Brit soldiers imprisoned in India-Black Hole of Calcutta-most die

1787 - Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States.

1819 - 320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)

1837 - Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV Ruled for 63 years ending in 1901

1840 - Samuel Morse patents his telegraph

1863 - West Virginia admitted as 35th US state

1867 - Pres Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska

1910 - “Krazy Kat” comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal

1919 - Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria

1936 - Jesse Owens of US sets 100 meter record at 10.2

1944 - Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency

1950 - Joe Dimaggio’s 2,000th hit, Yanks beat Indians 8-2

1969 - 150,000 attend Newport ’69, Jimi Hendrix gets $120,000 to appear

1995 - Space probe Ulysses begins 2nd passage behind the Sun









236 BC - Scipio Africanus, Roman statesman and general of the Second Punic War (d. 183 BC)






1894 - George Delacorte, NYC, philanthropist/publisher (Dell Books)

1905 - Lillian Hellman, American playwright (d. 1984)

1909 - Errol Flynn, Hobart Tasmania, actor (Captain Blood, Robin Hood)




1924 - Audie Murphy, Kingston Tx, most decorated American WW II hero/actor (Destry, Joe Butterfly)






1924 - Chet Atkins, Luttrell Tenn, guitarist (Me & My Guitar)

1942 - Brian Wilson, Inglewood California, vocalist (Beachboys-In My Room)

1967 - Nicole Kidman, Honolulu Hawaii, actress (Dead Calm, Far & Away)






451 - Theodorid, King of the Visigoths

1947 - Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel, gangster, shot dead in Beverly Hills Cal

1972 - Howard Johnson, US restaurant/hotel founder, dies at 75













Common Core Survey: You’ll Love The Pufferfish!





” A new Wall Street Journal/NBC News poll finds that after being presented with a description of the Common Core, 59 percent of Americans “strongly” or “somewhat” support “adoption and implementation,” while 31 percent oppose it. Of course, as we’ve seen before, the description is key. The WSJ/NBC pollsters used the following:

  The Common Core standards are a new set of education standards for English and math that have been set to internationally competitive levels and would be used in every state for students in grades K through 12.

  This is first biased in favor of the Core in what it says. It is, in fact, highly debatable that the Core is set to top international levels, while the use of “competitive” might suggest that the standards aren’t just benchmarked to top countries, but will help us to compete with them, an empirically hollow suggestion.”


Cato Institute has more on the slanted poll











Don’t Wash Raw Chicken, Health Experts Warn





” Health experts have urged people to stop washing chicken before they cook it to avoid food poisoning.

  More than two-fifths of cooks say that they wash chicken as part of their food preparations, but the Food Standards Agency has issued a call to the public to stop the practice.

  The FSA said that it can spread a type of bacteria around the kitchen through the splashing of water droplets.

  Campylobacter bacteria is responsible for the majority of cases of food poisoning – with around 280,000 people affected across the UK each year. The FSA said four out of every five cases are caused by contaminated chicken.”


The Telegraph has the complete story











Tips From Consumer Reports On Stopping Annoying Robocalls



Stopping Robocalls













Auburn’s Golden Eagle Tiger, War Eagle VI, Dies June 18 At Age 34







” Famed golden eagle Tiger, a symbol of the Auburn University spirit for nearly 30 years, died June 18, 2014. At 34, she was believed to be among the oldest golden eagles in captivity.

  On Aug. 31, 2000, Tiger, who was also known as War Eagle VI, was the first eagle to fly free in Jordan-Hare Stadium. For seven years, she flew at home football games and was retired following her 2006 flight at the Auburn-Georgia game.”






” Tiger underwent surgery June 17 to remove a cataract in her left eye, when a team of veterinarians determined surgery was needed. “The cataract was progressing, and without surgery a complete loss of vision was expected,” said Dr. Jamie Bellah, director of the Southeastern Raptor Center and head of the College of Veterinary Medicine’s Department of Clinical Sciences.

” Tiger came through surgery and anesthesia well and progressed normally during recovery,” said Bellah. “A turn for the worse occurred during the night. We, like the Auburn family, are heartbroken by her death.” A post-mortem examination (necropsy) has been requested. Plans for a memorial are pending.”







” In 2012, veterinary ophthalmologists performed successful cataract surgery in her right eye. Months later, the retina of that eye detached, and caused her to lose vision in that eye.

  Nova is War Eagle VII, and he, along with Spirit, an American bald eagle, now fly during pregame ceremonies at home football games. “




This is Auburn











Today in the Past 



987 - Louis IV, crowned king of France

1306 - The Earl of Pembroke’s army defeats Bruce’s Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.

1586 - English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island NC




1588 - Spanish Armada heavily destroyed in storm at Coruna







1754 - Albany Congress held by 7 British colonies & Iroquois indians

1778 - Washington’s troops finally leave Valley Forge

1829 - Sir Robert Peel found London Metropolitan Police

1846 - 1st baseball game (Cartwright Rules)-NY Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1

1848 - Elizabeth Stanton & Lucretia Mott open 1st women’s rights convention

1862 - Slavery outlawed in US territories




1864 - CSS “Alabama” sunk by USS “Kearsarge” off Cherbourg, France






1865 - Siege of Richmond, VA

1893 - Lizzie Bordon acquitted

1910 - Father’s Day celebrated for 1st time (Spokane, Wash)

1926 - DeFord Bailey is 1st black to perform on Nashville’s Grand Ole Opry

1936 - German boxer Max Schmeling World Champion KOs Joe Louis

1941 - Cheerios Cereal invents an O-shaped cereal




1944 - Two day Battle of Philippines Sea begins






1964 - Bob Dylan completes UK tour

1972 - -29] Hurricane Agnes, kills 118 in NY & Florida





1941 - Václav Klaus, Czech politician and President




1945 - Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician (Nobel)







1947 - Salman Rushdie, Pak, novelist (Midnight’s Children, Satanic Verses)

1964 - Boris Johnson, British politician

1969 - Thomas Breitling, American entrepreneur

1978 - Garfield the Cat, animated character “Big fat hairy deal”








1786 - Nathanael Greene, American Revolutionary general (b. 1742)







1794 - Richard Henry Lee, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 62









1937 - James M Barrie, Scottish writer (Dear Brutus/Peter Pan), dies

1953 - Ethel Rosenberg, executed at Sing Sing, in 5 tries

1953 - Julius Rosenberg, NYC, 1st US civilian executed for espionage at 37

1984 - Lee Krasner Pollock, US painter, dies at 75

1993 - William Golding, author (Lord of the Flies, Nobel 1983), dies at 81

1994 - Christopher Clarkson, test Pilot, dies at 92

1997 - Bobby Helms, singer (Jingle Bell Rock), dies at 63













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