Category: Education


Today In The Past

Today Is The 73nd Anniversary Of The Attack On Pearl Harbor 

Events

 

43 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero (b. 106 BC), Roman orator and politician assassinated.

 

 

 

 

 

185 – Emperor Lo-Yang, China sees supernova (MSH15-52)

1354 – Margaretha van Bavarian’s son earl Willem V signs peace treaty

1696 – Connecticut Route 108, one of the oldest highways in the U.S. is completed to Trumbull.

1724 – Tumult of Thorn – religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.

1732 – The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London.

1783 – William Pitt Jr (24) becomes British Premier

1787 – Delaware becomes 1st state to ratify constitution

 

 

 

1808 – James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President

 

 

 

 

 

1836 – Martin Van Buren elected 8th president

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Hartsville, TN

1862 – Battle of Prairie Grove, AR

1864 – Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia

1868 – Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1

1872 – HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise

1877 – Thomas A Edison demonstrates the gramophone

1891 – 52nd Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session

1895 – Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies

1900 – Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body emission.

1911 – Natl Hockey Association forms with New Westminister, Vancouver & Victoria

1917 – US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I

1926 – Gas refrigerator patented

1932 – 1st gyro-stabilized vessel to cross Atlantic arrives in NY

 

 

 

1934 – Wiley Post discovers jet stream

 

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams

1939 – Lou Gehrig, 36, is elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame

1940 – North Africa: British counter offensive under general O’Connor

1940 – The first prototype Fairey Barracuda flew

1941 – Futshida’s air fleet passes coastline of Oahu

1941 – German siege of Tobruk after 8 months ends

 

 

 

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1941 – Japanese attack Pearl Harbor (a date that will live in infamy)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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1941 – Nacht & Nebel Erlass, resistance fighter sent to concentration camps

1941 – 1st Japanese submarine sunk by a US ship (USS Ward)

1944 – Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago

1944 – General Radescu forms Romanian government

1945 – Microwave oven patented

1946 – Fire at Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, kills 119

1949 – 15th Heisman Trophy Award: Leon Hart, Notre Dame (E)

1949 – Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan

1953 – Israel’s PM Ben-Gurion retires

1955 – Clement Attlee resigns as chairman of England’s Labour Party

1963 – Instant replay is used for the first time in a Army-Navy game.

1966 – A fire at an army barracks in Erzurum, Turkey kills 68 people.

1967 – Otis Redding records “Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay”

1968 – M Dodd returns a library books his Great grandfather took out in 1923

1968 – Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 launched into Earth orbit

 

 

 

1972 – Apollo 17 (US), final manned lunar landing missionlaunched

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Philippine’s 1st lady Imelda Marcos stabbed & wounded by an assailant

1973 – Wings release “Band on the Run”

1975 – Archbishop Makarios returns Cyprus

1975 – Indonesian army occupies East Timor

1978 – Islander’s Mike Bossy’s 1st career hat trick

1981 – Spain becomes a member of the NATO

1982 – In Texas, Charles Brooks, Jr. becomes the first person to be executed by lethal injection in the US.

1985 – 51st Heisman Trophy Award: Bo Jackson, Auburn (RB)

1986 – Pres Jean-Claude Duvalier flees Haiti

1987 – 43 die in Pacific Southwest Airline crash in California (man shot pilots)

1987 – Gorbachev arrives in US for a summit meeting

1987 – Palestinian uprising against Israel in West Bank

1988 – 6.9 earthquake in Spitak, Armenia (>25,000 killed, 5,000,000 homeless)

1988 – Mikhail Gorbachev cheered by Wall St crowds upon arrival in NYC

1988 – Rangers sign free-agent pitcher Nolan Ryan to a one-year contract

1991 – A J Kitt, US, wins World Skiing Cup

1992 – Galileo spacecraft passes North Pole of Moon (Peary Crater)

1993 – The Long Island Rail Road massacre: Passenger Colin Ferguson murders six people and injures 19 others on the LIRR in Nassau County, New York.

1994 – Radio personality Howard Stern talks a man out of attempting suicide

1995 – US space probe Galileo begins orbiting Jupiter

1999 – The RIAA files a lawsuit against the Napster file-sharing client, on charges of copyright infringement.

2005 – Rigoberto Alpizar, a passenger on American Airlines Flight 924 who allegedly claimed to have a bomb, is shot and killed by a team of US federal air marshals at Miami International Airport.

2007 – The Hebei Spirit oil spill began in South Korea after a crane barge being towed by tug collided with the very large crude carrier, Hebei Spirit.

 

 

Births

521 – Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland (d. 597)

903 – Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi, Persian astronomer (d. 986)

967 – Abu Sa’id ibn Aboa al-Chair, Persian mystic

1302 – Azzone Visconti lord of Milan (d. 1339)

1545 – Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, consort of Mary I of Scotland (d. 1567)

1598 – Giovanni Bernini, Naples, Kingdom of Naples, baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy), (d. 1680)

 

 

 

1754 – Jack JouettAmerican patriot

 

 

 

 

 

1761 – Madame [Marie Grosholtz] Tussaud, Strasbourg, France, created wax museum, (d. 1850)

1764 – Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (d. 1841)

1801 – Johann Nepomuk Nestroy, Austrian actor (Judith und Holofernes)

1810 – Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist (d. 1894)

1823 – Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker)

1847 – James Deacon White, Canton NY, ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi)

1847 – Solomon Schechter, US Talmudic scholar/Jewish leader

1873 – Willa Cather, US, author (My Antonia)

1888 – Hamilton Fish, US congress leader/isolationist

1888 – Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 1st pres of American Newspaper Guild

1889 – Heathcote Dicken Statham, composer

1901 – A F [Tony] Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944))

1903 – Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician (d. 1987)

1905 – Gerard Kuiper, Dutch/US astronomer (moons of Uranus, Neptune)

1906 – George Richard James, saxophonist

 

 

 

1910 – Louis PrimaNew Orleans LouisianaAmerican musician (That Old Black Magic)

 

Just a Gigolo & I Ain’t Go Nobody

Banana Split for My Baby

That Old Black Magic with Keely Smith

I Wan’na Be Like You

 

 

 
1915 – Brackett Hamilton Leigh, [Douglass], US, sci-fi author (Ginger Star)

1915 – Eli Wallach, Bkln NY, actor (Magnificent 7, Misfits, People Next Door)

1920 – Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist, (d. 2012)

1920 – Tatamkulu Afrika, South African poet and writer (d. 2002)

1921 – Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader

1923 – Ted Knight, Terryville, Connecticut, American actor (Mary Tyler Moore, Too Close for Comfort)

1924 – John Love, Zimbabwean Formula One driver (d. 2005)

1925 – Hernando da Silva Ramos, Brazilian racing driver

1926 – Victor Kermit Kiam II, CEO (Remington shavers)/NFL owner (Patriots)

1928 – Noam Chomsky, linguist (founded transformational grammar)

1932 – Ellen Burstyn, Detroit, actress (Exorcist, Alice Doesn’t Live Here)

 

 

 

1942 – Harry ChapinNYCAmerican rock vocalist (TaxiCat’s in the Cradle)

 

 

30,000 POUNDS OF BANANAS

Taxi

Cat’s in the Cradle

All My Life’s a Circle

 

 

 

 

1947 – Johnny Bench, baseball catcher (Reds)

 

 

 

1949 – Tom WaitsCaliforniarocker/song writer (Blue Valentine)

 

Heart Attack and Vine

Eggs And Sausage

Ol ’55

Big Joe and Phantom 309

 

 

 

 

1954 – Mark Hofmann, American forger and bomber

1955 – Priscilla Barnes, Ft Dix NJ, actress (License to Kill, 3s Company)

1956 – Larry Bird, West Baden, Indiana, NBA star (Boston Celtics, 12-time NBA All Star)

1957 – Rohan Jayasekera, cricketer (one Test Sri Lanka v Pakistan 1982)

1957 – Tom Winsor, British lawyer and economic regulator

1958 – Rick Rude, American professional wrestler (d. 1999)

1962 – Grecia Colmenares, Italian entertainer

1964 – Peter Laviolette, Norwood Mass, US hockey defenseman (Olympics-1994)

1964 – Roberta Close, Brazilian model

1964 – Tadao Uematsu, Japanese racing driver

1966 – C Thomas Howell, LA California, actor (Red Dawn, Tank, Soul Man)

1966 – Shinichi Itoh, Japanese motorcycle racer

1967 – Vaclav Chalupa, Czechoslovakia, rower (Henley Royal Regatta 1989)

1968 – Cammy Myler, Plattsburgh NY, luger (Olympics-1994)

1968 – Melissa Iverson, Anoka Minn, rower (Olympics-96)

1971 – Ben Atkins, NYC, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1971 – Vladimir Akopian, Armenian chess player

1972 – Hermann Maier, Austrian skier

1974 – Annette Salmeen, 200m butterfly/800m freestyle relay (Olympics-96)

1974 – Nicole Appleton, Canadian-born singer

1974 – Kang Full, South Korean webcomic artist

1976 – Vanessa Lorenzo, Spanish fashion model

1977 – Fernando Vargas, Oxnard Ca, welterweight boxer (Olympics-96)

1984 – Robert Kubica, the first Polish Formula One racing driver

1987 – Aaron Carter, American singer and actor

 

 

Deaths

983 – Otto II the Red, German king/emperor (973-83), dies at about 28

1672 – Richard Bellingham, English-born Massachusetts colonial magistrate (b. 1592)

1775 – Charles Saunders, British admiral

1793 – Joseph Bara, French revolutionary (b. 1780)

 

 

 

1815 – Michel NeyFrench marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46

 

 

 

 

 

1817 – William BlighBritish naval officer of “Bounty” famedies at 63

 

 

 

 

 

1842 – Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)

1862 – Sylvester Churchill, US Union brig-general, dies

 

 

 

1894 – Ferdinand de LessepsFrench engineer/diplomat/earl, dies at 89(see UE 11/17 Events , Suez Canal)

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – Thomas Nastpolitical cartoonistdies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1906 – Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1833)

 

 

 

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Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941

 

 

A Day That Will Live In Infamy

 

 

 

1941 – Mervyn S. BennionUnited States Navy CaptainMedal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1887)

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

1941 – Herbert C. JonesUnited States NavyMedal of Honor recipientkilled in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1918)

 

 

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

 

1941 – Thomas J. ReevesUnited States NavyMedal of Honor recipientkilled in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1895)

 

 

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

 

1941 – Franklin Van ValkenburghUnited States NavyMedal of Honor recipientkilled in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1888)

 

 

 
Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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1947 – Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist (b. 1866

1960 – Clara Haskil, Swiss pianist (b. 1895)

1969 – Eric Portman, actor (Naked Edge), dies from heart ailment at 66

 

 

 

1970 – Rube GoldbergUS cartoonist (Mike & IkePulitzer 1948), dies at 87

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Thornton N Wilder, US writer (Bridge of San Luis Rey), dies at 78

1978 – Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (b. 1886)

1982 – Charlie Brooks Jr, convicted murderer became 1st US prisoner to be executed by lethal injection, at a prison in Huntsville, Texas

1983 – Edgar Graham, member of N Ireland Assembly, shot dead by IRA

 

 

 

1984 – Lee Roy YarbroughAmerican racecar (Nascardriver (b. 1938)

 

 

 

 

 

1985 – Potter Stewart, 94th Supreme Court Justice (1958-81), dies in NH at 70

1985 – Robert Graves, English writer/poet (King Jesus), dies at 90

1988 – Peter Langan, Irish restaurateur (Langans London), dies in fire

1989 – William Calhoun, professional wrestler (b. 1934)

1990 – Delecta “Dee” Clark, US singer (Raindrops), dies at 52

1992 – Vincent Gardenia, actor (Moonstruck, LA Law), dies at 71

1996 – Eugene Izzi, mystery writer, hangs himself at 43

1997 – Billy Bremner, Scottish former footballer (b. 1942)

2001 – Charles McClendon, LSU Tigers head football coach (b. 1923)

2004 – Jay Van Andel, co-founder and former chairman of Amway (b. 1924)

2005 – Lucy d’Abreu, was the oldest living person in the United Kingdom from April 2004 until her death (b. 1892)

2005 – Rigoberto Alpizar, airplane passenger fatally shot by U.S. Air Marshals after allegedly claiming he had placed a bomb aboard (b. 1961)

 

 

 

2006 – Jeanne KirkpatrickAmerican ambassador (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

2010 – Elizabeth Edwards, American lawyer and wife of John Edwards (b. 1949)

2011 – Harry Morgan, American actor (Colonel Potter-M*A*S*H) dies at 96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About these ads

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

963 – Leo VIII elected Pope

1060 – Béla I of Hungary is crowned king of Hungary

1160 – Jean Bodels “Jeu de St Nicholas,” premieres in Arras

1196 – Northern Dutch coast flooded, “Saint-Nicolaas Flood”

 

 

 

1240 – Mongols under Batu Khan occupy & destroy Kiev

 

 

 

 

 

 

1492 – Haiti discovered by Columbus, at Mole Saint Nicolas

1534 – Quito, Ecuador founded by Spanish

1631 – 1st predicted transit of Venus (Kepler) is observed

1648 – Pride’s Purge: Thomas Pride prevents 96 presbyterians from sitting in English parliament

1732 – 1st play in American colonies acted by professional players, NYC

1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlies army retreats to Scotland

1756 – British troops under Robert Clive occupy Fulta India

1768 – 1st edition of “Encyclopedia Brittanica” published (Scotland)

1820 – US president James Monroe re-elected

1822 – Veterinary school in Utrecht opens

1825 – Pres John Adams suggests establishment of a US observatory
 at Yale College.

 

 

 

1849 – Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Pres Lincoln orders hanging of 39 Santee Sioux indians

 

 

 

 

 

1865 – 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery

1866 – Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed

1870 – Joseph H Rainey, 1st black in House of Reps (SC)

1873 – 1st international football game in US: Yale 2, Eton (England) 1

1876 – 1st crematorium in US begins operation, Washington, Penn

1877 – 1st sound recording made (Thomas Edison)

1877 – Washington Post publishes 1st edition

1884 – Aluminum capstone set atop Washington Monument, Wash, DC

1903 – Sumatra Atjehs guerilla leader Panglima Polim surrenders

1904 – Theodore Roosevelt confirms Monroe-doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary)

1907 – Coal mine explosions in Monongah, WV, kills 361

1912 – China votes for universal human rights

1914 – German troops over run Lodz

1916 – German army under Gen Mackensen occupies Bucharest

1916 – World War I: The Central Powers capture Bucharest.

 

 

 

1917 – French munition ship “Mont Blanc” explodes in Halifaxkills 1,700

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – 1st electric power line commercial carrier in US, Utica, NY

1923 – 1st presidential address broadcast on radio (Pres Calvin Coolidge)

1925 – Record 73,000 pay to watch Chic Bears beat NY Giants 19-7

1933 – Ban on James Joyce’ “Ulysses” in US, lifted

1938 – 117 Spanish knights under capt Piet Laros return to Netherlands

1940 – Gestapo arrest German resistance fighter/poster artist Helen Ernst

1940 – Pietro Badoglio resigns as viceroy of Ethiopia

1941 – Dutch & British pilots see Japanese invasion fleet at Singapore

1941 – NYC Council agrees to build Idlewild (Kennedy) Airport in Queens

1942 – RAF bombs Philips factory (150 die)

1944 – US 95th Infantry division reaches Westwall

 

 

 

1947 – The Everglades National Park in Florida is dedicated.

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Simone de Beauvoir receives Prix Goncourt

1955 – NY psychologist Joyce Brothers won “$64,000 Question” on boxing

1957 – 1st US attempt to launch a satellite fails-Vanguard rocket blows up

1957 – AFL-CIO votes to expel Teamsters (readmitted in October 1987)

1957 – Indonesia begins nationalizing Dutch possessions

1958 – US lunar probe Pioneer 3 reaches 107,269 km, falls back

1961 – 27th Heisman Trophy Award: Ernie Davis, Syracuse (HB)

1962 – US abandons Skybolt balastic missile program

1964 – “Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer” 1st airs on TV

1965 – 2 trucks crashed into a crowd of dancers (Sotouboua Togo) kills 125

1965 – Pakistan’s Islamic Ideology Advisory Committee recommends that Islamic Studies be made a compulsory subject for Muslim students from primary to graduate level.

 

 

 

1969 – 300,000 attend Altamont Californiarock concert feature Rolling Stones

 

Rolling Stones-Gimme Shelter

JEFFERSON AIRPLANE

CSN&Y – LONG TIME GONE

1971 – Lewis Franklin Powell confirmed as Supreme Court justice

1973 – Gerald Ford sworn-in as 1st unelected VP, succeeds Spiro T Agnew

1975 – 41st Heisman Trophy Award: Archie Griffin, Ohio State (RB)

1975 – Sen Robert Dole & Elizabeth Hanford marry

1975 – Balcombe Street Siege: An IRA Active Service Unit takes a couple hostage in Balcombe Street, London.

1976 – War criminal Pieter Menten arrested in Zurich

1977 – South Africa grants Bophuthatswana independence

1978 – Spain adopts constitution

1980 – NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 502

1981 – Rob de Castella of Australia sets Marathon record at 2:08:18

 

 

1982 – 11 soldiers & 6 civilians die by bomb planted by Irish National Liberation Army exploded in a pub in BallykellyNorthern Ireland

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – A bomb planted on a bus in Jerusalem explodes, kills 6 Israelis

1984 – Hijackers aboard Kuwaiti jetliner kill 2nd hostage

1986 – 52nd Heisman Trophy Award: Vinny Testaverde, Miami Fla (QB)

1987 – 3 satanist Missouri teenagers bludgeon comrade to death for “fun”

1987 – Christa Rothenburger skates female world record 500m (39.39 sec)

1988 – Arafat meets prominent American Jews in Stockholm, Sweden

1988 – Nelson Mandela is transferred to Victor Vester Prison, Capetown

1989 – Mafia drug kingpin bombs security force at Bogota, kills 52

1989 – Worst Canadian mass murder: Marc Lepine kills 14 women at U Montreal

1990 – Shoeless Joe Jackson’s signature is sold for $23,100

1992 – Dottie Mochrie/Dan Forsmann wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic

1992 – SF 49er Jerry Rice catches NFL record 101st touchdown

1994 – Maltese Falcon auctioned for $398,590

1994 – Orange County California files for bankruptcy

1998 – Hugo Chávez Frías, Venezuelan military and politician, is elected President of Venezuela.

2001 – The Canadian province of Newfoundland is renamed Newfoundland and Labrador.

2005 – Several villagers are shot dead during protests in Dongzhou, China.

2006 – NASA reveals photographs taken by Mars Global Surveyor suggesting the presence of liquid water on Mars.

 

 

 

Births

846 – Hasan al-Askari, Shia Imam (d. 874)

1285 – King Ferdinand IV of Castile (d. 1312)

1421 – Henry VI, king of England (1422-61, 1470-71)

1478 – Baldassare Castiglione, Italian diplomat and author (d. 1529)

1586 – Niccolò Zucchi, Italian astronomer (d. 1670)

1608 – George Monck/Monk, English general/gov of Scotland

1637 – Sir Edmund Andros, English governor in North America (d. 1714)

1640 – Claude Fleury, French historian (d. 1723)

1721 – James Elphinston, British philologist (d. 1809)

1752 – Gabriel Duvall, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1844)

1778 – Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist (d. 1850)

1805 – Adolf Reubke, German organ builder (d. 1875)

 

 

 

1805 – Jean Eugène Robert-HoudinFrench magician (d. 1861)

 

 

 

 

 

1809 – Stephen Thomas, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1903

1812 – Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman (d. 1884)

1816 – Henry Eustace McCulloch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

1822 – John Eberhard, built 1st large-scale pencil factory in US

 

 

 

1833 – John Singleton MosbyPowhatan CountyVirginialawyer/Col (Confederate Army), (d. 1916)

 

 

 

 

 

1841 – Frédéric Bazille, French painter (d. 1870)

1849 – August von Mackensen, German field marshal (d. 1945)

1853 – Haraprasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature (d. 1931)

1863 – Charles Martin Hall, American chemist (d. 1914)

1864 – William S. Hart, American actor, silent Westerns (Wild Bill Hickok, Tumbleweeds)

 

 

 

1876 – Fred DuesenbergGerman-born automobile pioneer (d. 1932)

 

 

 

 

 

1886 – Joyce Kilmer, New Brunswick, New Jersey, poet (Trees), (d. 1918)

1890 – Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist (d. 1951)

1893 – Lou Little, college football hall of fame coach (elected 1960)

1896 – Ira Gershwin, lyricist (‘S Wonderful, I Got Rhythm)

 

 

 

1898 – Alfred Eisenstaedtphoto journalist

 

 

 

 

 

1898 – Gunnar Myrdal, Sweden, sociologist/economist (Nobel 1974)

1899 – Harry Buller Siege Willis, son of South Africa boer in Ladysmith

1905 – James J. Braddock, American boxer (d. 1974)

1906 – Agnes Moorehead, Clinton, Massachusetts, American actress (Endora-Bewitched), (d. 1974)

1913 – Eleanor Holm, NYC, 100m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1932)

1917 – Kamal Jumblatt, leader of the Lebanese Druze (d. 1977)

1917 – Irv Robbins, Canadian-American entrepreneur (d. 2008)

1918 – Harold Horace Hopkins, inventor (Endoscope)

1918 – Peter A Juten, office clerk/resistance fighter

1918 – Willem Oosterheers, resistance fighter

1919 – Jimmy Bivins [James], Cleveland, Ohio, Hall of Fame heavyweight boxer, (d. 2012)

1920 – Dave Brubeck, Concord CA, jazz pianist/composer (Gates of Justice)

1921 – Otto Graham, AAFC/NFL QB (Cleveland Browns)

1922 – John Henry Cound Brunt, English soldier, Victoria Cross holder (d. 1944)

 

 

 

1924 – Wally CoxDetroitactor (Mr PeepersHollywood Squares)

 

Mister Peepers

There Is A Tavern In The Town

 

 

 

 

1925 – Andy Robustelli, NFL defensive end (LA Rams, NY Giants)

1928 – Bert Geoffrey Achong, inventor (electron microscopist)

1929 – Frank Springer, American comics artist

1929 – Alain Tanner, Swiss filmmaker

1930 – Bobby Van, [Robert King], NYC, singer (Hollywood Palace)

1935 – Jean Lapointe, Quebec comedian, singer and senator

1938 – David Ossman, comedian (Firesign Theater)

1941 – Helen Cornelius, Hannibal Mo, country singer (Nashville on the Road)

1943 – Mike Smith, London Engld, rocker/pianist (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over)

1944 – Jonathan King, rocker

1945 – Dan Harrington, American poker player

1948 – Don Nickles, (Sen-R-Okla)

1948 – JoBeth Williams, Houston TX, actress (Kramer vs Kramer, Poltergeist)

1948 – Jonathan King, London, singer (Everyone’s Gone to the Moon)

1949 – Doug Marlette, American editorial cartoonist (d. 2007)

1952 – Terence Knox, Richland Wash, actor (Peter-St Elsewhere) [or 2/16/50]

1952 – Craig Newmark, American founder of craigslist

1953 – Gina Hecht, Houston Tx, actress (Melanie-Hizzoner, Mork & Mindy)

1953 – Kin Shriner, Indiana, actor (Scott-General Hospital, Rituals)

1953 – Thomas Hulce, Plymouth Mi, actor (Amadeus, Equus, Echo Park)

1953 – Wil Shriner, NYC/Indiana, talk show host (Wil Shriner Show)

 

 

 

1955 – Steven Wrightdroll comedian (Steven Wright Live)

 

Stand Up

Hysteria

A Steven Wright Special

 

 

 

 

1956 – Peter Buck, US pop guitarist (REM-Murmur)

1956 – Randy Rhoads, rocker

1957 – Luis Mariano Delis Fournier, Cuba, discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1980)

 

 

 

1962 – Janine TurnerLincoln Nebactress (Maggie-Northern Exposure)

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Teri Hatcher, Sunnyvale California, actress (Lois & Clark)

1967 – Spanky Marcus, Hollywood California, actor (Jimmy Joe-Mary Hartman)

1969 – Wayne Smith – Motorcycle racer

1970 – Isabelle Arnould, Belgian swimmer

1970 – Ulf Ekberg, Swedish musician (Ace of Base)

1971 – Ainsley Robinson, Oshawa Ontario, 62 kg Greco Roman wrestler (Oly-96)

1971 – David Defiagbon, Sapele Nigeria, Canadian boxer (Olympics-silver-96)

1971 – Richard Krajicek, Neth, tennis star (Wimbledon-1996)

1971 – Naozumi Takahashi, Japanese seiyuu

1975 – Natalie Titcume, Australian softball catcher (Olympics-bronze-96)

1976 – Lindsay Price, Arcadia CA, actress (Bold & Beautiful, All My Children)

 

 

 

Deaths

343 – Saint Nicholas

1185 – Afonso I, the Conqueror, king of Portugal (1143-85), dies at 76

1352 – Clement VI, [Pierre Roger], Pope (1342-52), dies

1531 – John Volkertsz Trimaker, Dutch anabaptist leader, beheaded

1562 – Jan van Scorel, Dutch painter/architect, dies

1618 – Jacques-Davy Duperron, French cardinal (b. 1556)

1640 – Matthijs Elsevier, Flemish/Dutch book publisher/merchant, dies at 75

1746 – Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (b. 1665)

1771 – Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Italian anatomist (b. 1682)

1779 – Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (b. 1699)

1788 – Jonathan Shipley, British bishop and politician (b. 1714)

1793 – Marie Jeanne Becu comtesse du Barry, mistress of Louis XV, beheaded

1799 – Joseph Black, Scottish medical/chemist/physicist, dies at 71

1855 – William John Swainson, English naturalist and artist (b. 1789)

1867 – Jean Pierre Flourens, French physician (b. 1794)

1868 – August Schleicher, German linguist (b. 1821)

1879 – Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American industrialist (b. 1814)

1882 – A Trollope, writer, dies

1882 – Alfred Escher, Swiss politician and railroad entrepreneur (b. 1819)

 

 

 

1889 – Jefferson DavisPres of Confederate States (1861-5), dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

1892 – E Werner von Siemens, German industrialist (Siemens AG), dies at 75

1934 – Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1863)

 

 

 

1949 – Lead Belly, [Huddie William Ledbetter], blues singerdies at 64

 

Where Did You Sleep Last Night?

Rock Island Line

Black Betty

House Of The Rising Sun

 

 

 

 

1951 – Harold Ross, American magazine editor (b. 1892)

1956 – Dr. Bhimji Ramji Ambedkar, Indian Minister of Law and architect of The Constitution of India (b. 1891)

1964 – Consuelo Vanderbilt (b. 1877)

 

 

 

1970 – Thomas S PowerUSAF-gen (Raid on Tokyo-March 1945), dies at 65

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Janet Munro, actress (Crawling Eye, Swiss Family Robinson), dies at 38

1973 – Justus Hermann Wetzel, composer, dies at 94

1985 – Burr Tillstrom, puppeteer (Kukla Fran & Ollie), dies at 68

1986 – Malik Oussekine, Algerian/French student, killed by police at 22

1987 – James Dobson, actor (Impulse, Jet Attack, Okinawa), dies

1988 – Bill Harris, US guitarist (Clovers-Love Potion No 9), dies at 63

1988 – Roy Orbison, singer (Pretty Woman), dies of massive heart attack at 52

1989 – Sammy Fain, composer, dies at 87

1991 – Headman Tshabalala, South Afr singer (Ladysmith Black Mambazo), dies

1992 – Percy Herbert, actor (Capt Apache), dies of heart attack at 72

1993 – Don Ameche, actor (Cocoon), dies of prostate cancer at 85

1993 – Prof Wolfgang Paul, German physicist (Nobel 1989), dies at 80

1993 – Rouaz Lakhdar, Algerian supreme court justice, murdered

1994 – Gian Maria Volonte, actresss (Fistful of Dollars), dies at 61

1995 – Dmitri Antonovitch Volkogonov, soldier/historian, dies at 67

1995 – John Trevor Key, photographer, dies at 48

1996 – [Alvin] Pete Rozelle, commissioner (NFL), dies at 70

1997 – Edmund Charles Wolf Myers, soldier/engineer, dies at 91

 

 

 

2000 – Werner KlempererGerman-born actor (b. 1920)

 

Klink’s Masterpiece

At The Emmy Awards – 1968

Colonel Klink’s Secret Weapon

 

 

 

 

2001 – Sir Peter Blake, New Zealand yachtsman & winner of numerous Whitbread and America’s Cup sailing contests, killed by pirates on the Amazon River at age 53

 

 

 

 

 

2001 – Charles McClendon, Hall of Fame college football coach (b. 1923)

2002 – Philip Berrigan, American civil rights activist (b. 1923)

2005 – Charly Gaul, Luxembourg cyclist (b. 1932)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Best And Worst Run States In America: A Survey Of All 50

 

Party Control Of States

 

 

” How well run is your state? Assessing a state’s management quality is hardly easy. The current economic climate and standard of living in any given state are not only the results of policy choices and developments that occurred in the last few years, but can also be affected by decisions made decades ago, and by forces outside a state’s control. 

  Each year, 24/7 Wall St. attempts to answer this question by surveying various aspects of each state. To determine how well states are managed, we examine key financial ratios, as well as social and economic outcomes. This year, North Dakota is the best-run state in the country for the third consecutive year, while Illinois replaced California as the worst-run state.

  Selecting appropriate criteria to compare the 50 states is difficult because there is so much variation among the states. As a result, policy decisions that may work in one state might not work in another. Some states are rich in natural resources, while others rely on high-skilled sectors such as technology and business services. Some depend disproportionately on one industry, while others’ economies are more balanced. Further, some states are more rural, while others are highly urbanized and densely populated.

  This year, a number of the best-run states again benefit from an abundance of natural resources. North Dakota, Wyoming, Alaska, and Texas are among the top 10 best-run states, and in all four, the mining industry — which includes fossil fuel extraction — is a major contributor to state GDP. Due in large part to the mining sector, North Dakota and Wyoming led the nation in real GDP growth in 2013. And Alaska has utilized its oil wealth to build massive state reserves and to pay its residents an annual dividend.

  Although less than in years past, the lingering effects of the housing crisis still have a negative impact on several of the worst-run states. In five of the 10 worst-run states — Arizona, Georgia, Illinois, New Jersey, and Rhode Island — home values declined by 10% or more between 2009 and 2013. Worse still, in states such as Arizona and Rhode Island, the housing market remains well below its peak, reached just before the start of the recent recession.”

 

   A brief rundown of the top ten and bottom ten states , color-coded (red for GOP , blue for Democrats , purple for split government) by party control of legislature and governor’s office is as follows: 

 

The 10 best run states:

 

” 1. North Dakota

2. Wyoming

3. Nebraska

4. Iowa

5. Minnesota

6. Utah

7. Alaska

8. Texas

9. Vermont

10. South Dakota

 

 

And here are the ten worst run states:

 

” 41. Alabama

42. Missouri

43. New Jersey

44. Georgia

45. Arizona

46. Kentucky

47. Rhode Island

48. Mississippi

49. New Mexico

50. Illinois

 

 

Click through to the 24/7 Wall Street post for a detailed accounting of all 50 states to see where yours stands .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

63 BC – Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations.

663 – Fourth Council of Toledo takes place.

771 – Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.

1082 – Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated.

1349 – 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacre during Black Death riots

1360 – The French Franc is created.

1408 – Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow.

1456 – Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 die

1492 – Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)

1590 – Niccolo Sfondrati chosen Pope Gregory XIV

1602 – Giulio Caccini’s “Euridice,” premieres in Florence

 

 

 

1757 – Battle at LeuthenPrussian army beats Austrians

 

 

 

 

 

1766 – London auctioneers Christie’s hold their 1st sale

 

 

 

1775 – At Fort TiconderogaHenry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to CambridgeMassachusetts.

 

 

 

 

 

1776 – 1st US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms

1792 – George Washington re-elected US pres

1804 – Thomas Jefferson re-elected US pres/George Clinton vice-pres

1813 – Lubeck surrenders to allied armies

1831 – Former Pres John Q Adams takes his seat as member of House of Reps

1832 – Andrew Jackson re-elected president of US

1848 – Pres Polk triggers Gold Rush of ’49, confirms California gold discovery

1854 – Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of CoffeevilleMS

 

 

 

 

1868 – 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)

1876 – Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench

1876 – Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death

1879 – 1st automatic telephone switching system patented

1887 – Stanley’s expedition reaches plateau at Lake Albert Congo

1893 – 1st electric car (built in Toronto) could go 15 miles between charges

1926 – Sergei Eisenstein’s “Battleship Potemkin,” debuts

1929 – 1st US nudist organization (American League for Physical Culture, NYC)

1932 – German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America

 

 

 

1933 – 21st Am ratified18th Amendment (Prohibitionrepealed (5:32 PM EST)

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – 1st coml hydroponics operation established (Montebello California)

1936 – Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union

1941 – Russian anti offensive in Moscow drives out nazi army

1941 – US aircraft carrier Lexington/5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor

1942 – West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland

1944 – German troops rob all the silver coin in Utrecht

 

 

 

1945 – “Lost Squadron” crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)

 

 

 

 

 

1946 – Pres Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808

1947 – Joe Louis beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1949 – Ezzard Charles defeats Jersey Joe Walcott for heavyweight boxing title

1950 – Ezzard Charles KOs Nick Barone in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

1952 – -8] worst smog in London ever, 4-8,000 die

1955 – AFL & CIO merge, with George Meany as president

1955 – Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks

1957 – NYC is 1st city to legislate against racial or religious discrimination in housing market (Fair Housing Practices Law)

1957 – Sukarno expels all Dutch people from Indonesia.

1958 – The Preston bypass, the UK’s first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.

 

 

 

1964 – Vietnam WarFor his heroism in battle earlier in the yearCaptain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war.

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – Benjamin Spock & Allen Ginsberg arrested protesting Vietnam war

1968 – Rolling Stones release “Beggar’s Banquet” LP

1970 – LA Rams Willie Ellison sets NFL record of 247 yards rushing

1970 – Stanley Cup, Conn Smythe Trophy & Bill Masterson trophy stolen from NHL hall of fame

1972 – 38th Heisman Trophy Award: Johnny Rodgers, Nebraska (FL)

 

 

 

1974 – “Monty Python’s Flying Circus” last shown on BBC

 

Monty Python's Flying Circus (UK) tv show photo

Monty Python’s Flying Circus Intro

Spam

The Parrot Sketch

Argument Clinic

 

 

 

1974 – Airport terminal roof collapses killing 17 (Teheran Iran)

1975 – NASA launches space vehicle S-196, it failed

1977 – Egypt breaks dipl relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & S Yemen

1978 – Free agent Pete Rose signs 4-year, $32 million contract with Phillies

1978 – Pioneer Venus 1 begins orbiting Venus

1981 – 47th Heisman Trophy Award: Marcus Allen, Southern Cal (RB)

1982 – Herschel Walker of Georgia wins Heisman Trophy

1982 – Ingrid Berghmans (Neth) retains judo’s world championship

1983 – 12 killed by a car bomb shattering 9-story building in west Beirut

1985 – Dow Jones Industrial Average rose above 1,500 level for 1st time

1988 – Shuttle Atlantis launches world’s 1st nuclear-war-fighting satellite

1989 – France TGV train reaches world record speed of 482.4 kph

1990 – Salman Rushdie, author, ordered to death by Iran for blasphemy, appears in public for 1st time in 2 years

1991 – NY Daily News files for protection under chapter 11

 

 

 

1993 – Astronauts begin repair of Hubble telescope in space

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – Newhart actor William Sanderson (47) weds Sharon Wix (39)

1995 – The Sri Lankan government announces the conquest of Tamil stronghold of Jaffna.

1997 – STS 87 (Columbia 24) lands
2005 – The Lake Tanganyika earthquake causes significant damage, mostly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

2006 – Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji.

2007 – Westroads Mall massacre: A gunman opens fire with a semi-automatic rifle at an Omaha, Nebraska mall, killing eight people before taking his own life.

2008 – Human remains previously found in 1991 are finally identified by Russian and American scientists as those of Tsar Nicholas II.

 

 

 

Births

1377 – Jianwen Emperor of China (d. 1402)

1443 – Pope Julius II, Albisola, Republic of Genoa, Pope (1503-13), patron of Michelangelo, Bramante, Raphael, (d. 1513)

1495 – Nicolas Cleynaerts, Flemish grammarian (d. 1542)

 

 

 

1537 – Ashikaga YoshiakiJapanese shogun (d. 1597)

 

 

 

 

 

1547 – Ubbo Emmius, [van Embden], Dutch-Frisian humanist/historian

1661 – Robert Haley, earl of Oxford/English premier (Whig, 1710-14)

1666 – Francesco Antonio Nicola Scarlotti, composer

 

 

 

1782 – Martin Van BurenKinderhook NY, (D8th pres (1837-41)

 

 

 

 

 

1826 – John Benjamin Sanborn, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1904

 

 

 

1839 – George Armstrong CusterNew RumleyOhioMjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1876)

 

 

 

 

1841 – Marcus Daly, American mining tycoon (d. 1900)

1855 – Clinton Hart Merriam, American ornithologist (d. 1942)

 

 

 

1859 – John JellicoeBritish admiral (d. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Armando V Diaz, Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24)

1863 – Paul P Painlevé, French PM (1917, 1925), mathematician [OS]

1867 – Józef Piłsudski, Polish revolutionary and statesman (d. 1935)

1868 – Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (d. 1951)

1871 – Bill Pickett, American rodeo performer (d. 1932)

1872 – Harry N Pillsbury, US chess player

1875 – Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (d. 1933)

1879 – Clyde Cessna, American airplane manufacturer (d. 1954)

 

 

 

1890 – Fritz LangGermanydirector (M, Metropolis)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1890 – David Bomberg, English painter (d. 1957)

1892 – Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (d. 1973)

1895 – Elbert Frank Cox, American mathematician (d. 1969)

1897 – Nunnally Johnson, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1977)

 

 

 

1899 – Sonny Boy Williamson II , [Aleck Miller]blues harp player

 

Got My Mojo Working with Muddy Waters

Sky Is Crying / Movin’ Out

Eyesight To The Blind

Keep It To Yourself Bye Bye Bird Getting Out Of Town

 

 

 

 

1901 – Walter Elias Disney, Chicago, animator (Mickey Mouse), (d. 1966)

1901 – Werner Heisenberg, German physicist/discovered uncertainty (Nobel 32)

1902 – [Steve James] Strom Thurmond, (Sen-D/R-SC)

1903 – Cecil Frank Powell, Tonbridge, Kent, physicist, discovered pion (Nobel 1950), (d.1969)

1905 – Otto Preminger, Austria, director/producer (Laura, Exodus)

1907 – Giuseppe Occhialini, Italian physicist (d. 1993)

1910 – Abraham L Polonsky, US writer/director (Tell them Willie Boy is Here)

1911 – Władysław Szpilman, Polish pianist (d. 2000)

1912 – Maisie Fitter, editor/conservationist

1914 – Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (d. 1989)

1917 – Ken Downing, English racing driver (d. 2004)

1921 – Alvy Moore, actor (Mr Kimball-Green Acres)

1925 – Anastasio “Tachito” Somoza Debayle, president of Nicaragua (1967..79)

1926 – George Savalas, Bronx NY, actor (Kojak)

1927 – Rama IX, [Bhumibol Adulyadej], Mass, king of Thailand (1946- )

1934 – Joan Didion, US novelist/journalist (Salvador)

1935 – Calvin Trillin, author (New Yorker)

1935 – Yury Vlasov, Soviet weightlifter

1936 – James Lee Burke, American writer

 

 

 

1938 – John J CaleOklahoma Cityrock guitarist (After Midnight)

 

After Midnight with Eric Clapton

Going Down with Leon Russell

They Call Me The Breeze

Mama Don’t

 

 

 

 

1941 – David Wilson, English contractor/multi-millionaire

1944 – Jeroen Krabbé, Dutch actor

1945 – J W “Corkey” Fornof, New Orleans, stunt coordinator (Octopussy)

1946 – Andy Kim, [Andrew Joachim], rocker

 

 

 

1947 – Jim Messinarocker (Loggins & Messina-Your Mamma Don’t Dance)

 

Poco with Jim Messina

Your Mama Don’t Dance…

Vahevala

Listen To A Country Song & Holiday Hotel

 

 

 

 

1947 – Jim Plunkett, San Jose, CA, NFL quarterback (New England, Oakland)

1947 – Jugderdemidjin Gurragcha, Mongolia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 39)

1949 – Bruce E Melnick, NYC, Cmdr USCG/astronaut (STS 41, STS 49)

1950 – Camarón de la Isla, Spanish flamenco singer (d. 1992)

1951 – Morgan Brittany, [Suzanne Cupito], LA Cal, actress (Katherine-Dallas)

1952 – Bobby Barth, rocker vocalist/guitarist (Axe)

1953 – Jonathan Lewis, trombonist (Atlantic Star-Touch a 4 Leaf Clover)

1953 – Larry Zbyszko, [Living Legend, Whistler], wrestler (WCW/AWA/NWA/WWF)

1957 – Art Monk, NFL wide receiver (Wash Redskins, Philadelphia Eagles)

1957 – Charlene Morett, Darby Pa, field hockey left wing (Oly-bronze-1984)

1957 – Phil Collen, English heavy-metal guitarist (Def Leppard-Love Bites)

1960 – Andrzej Chylinski, NYC, 50k walker (Olympics-26th-96)

1960 – John Felton, Kyogle Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1963 – Carrie Hamilton, Carol Burnett’s daughter/actress (Fame)

1963 – Doctor Dre, American radio personality

1963 – Eddie “the Eagle” Edwards, English ski jumper

1964 – Pablo Morales, Chic, butterfly swimmer (Oly-3 gold/2 silver-1984, 92)

1965 – Johnny Rzeznik, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (Goo Goo Dolls)

1965 – Wayne Smith, Jamaican reggae musician

1966 – Niege Dias, Brazil, tennis star

1966 – Patricia Kaas, French pop singer (Mademoiselle Chant)

1967 – Ann Schirman, San Diego, WPVA volleyballer (National-17th-1994)

1967 – René Shuman, [Shumans], rockabilly-bandleader/singer

1967 – Gary Allan, American country musician

1967 – Konstantin-Assen, Prince of Vidin, titular Bulgarian royal family

1968 – Lisa Marie [Sliwa], New Brunswick NJ, actress (Mars Attack)

1968 – Margaret Cho, actress/comedienne (Face/Off)

1969 – Lewis Gordon Pugh, English swimmer, polar explorer and motivational speaker

1972 – Kevin Sally, Richmond Hill Ontario, archer (Olympics-96)

1972 – Randolph Ross, Shelby NC, 110m hurdler

1972 – Angela Shelton, American actress & writer

1973 – Luboš Motl, Czech physicist

1979 – Nick Stahl, American actor

1980 – Shizuka Ito, Japanese voice actress (seiyū)

1980 – Ibrahim Maalouf, Lebanese-born French trumpeter

1985 – Frankie Muniz, American actor

1985 – Nico Verdonck, Belgian racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

63 BC – Publius Cornelius Lentulus (Sura), Roman statesman

749 – Saint John of Damascus, theologian

1212 – Derek II of Are, Bishop of Utrecht (1197-1212), dies

1244 – Johanna of Constantinople, countess of Flanders (1205-44), dies

 

 

 

1594 – Gerardus MercatorFlemish philosopher/cartographerdies at 82

 

 

 

 

 

1624 – Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1560)

1749 – Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye, New French explorer and trader (b. 1685)

1770 – James Stirling, Scot mathematician (Formula of Stirling), dies at 78

 

 

 

1791 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozartcomposerdies in Vienna Austria at 35

 

 

 

 

1842 – MJ Auguste Vestrius, French ballet dancers, dies at 82

1859 – Louis Poinsot, French mathematician/instrument maker, dies at 82

1870 – Alexandre Dumas, French writer, dies at 68

1886 – Peter Hofstede de Groot, Dutch reformed theologist, dies at 84

1895 – Chief Gall, Sioux chief (b. 1840)

1922 – Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist, dies

1925 – Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist, dies at 78

1926 – Claude Monet, French impressionist, dies at 86

1951 – “Shoeless” Joe Jackson, of baseball’s black sox scandal, dies

1951 – Abanindranath Tagore, Indian writer (b. 1871)

1965 – Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist, Nobel laureate for shock therapy (b. 1874)

1966 – Sylveer Maes, Belgian bicylist, dies at 57

1972 – Kenny Dorham [McKinley], American jazz trumpeter, dies at 48

1977 – Aleksandr Vasilevsky, Soviet military commander (b. 1895)

1983 – Robert Aldrich, dir/producer (Last Sunset), dies at 65

 

 

 

1991 – Richard Speckmass murdererdies a day before his 50th birthday

 

 

 

 

 

1992 – Sergei Aleksandrovich Yemelyanov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 41

1993 – Douglas Hopkins, guitarist (Gin Blossoms), dies of gun shot at 32

1994 – Ronald Ridout, school textbook author, dies at 78

1995 – Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor, dies at 77

1995 – Victor Collin Matthews, businessman, dies on 76th birthday

1995 – Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (b. 1920)

2001 – Franco Rasetti, Italian physicist (b. 1901)

2002 – Roone Arledge, American sports broadcasting pioneer (b. 1931)

2005 – Kevin “Big Kev” McQuay, Australian businessman (b. 1949)

2005 – Frits Philips, Dutch businessman (b. 1905)

2006 – David Bronstein, Ukrainian-born chess grandmaster (b. 1924)

2008 – Nina Foch, Dutch-born American actress (b. 1924)

2010 – Don Meredith, American football player and broadcaster (b. 1938)

2011 – Peter Gethin, British racing driver (b. 1940)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

771 – King Carloman joint King of the Franks, diesleaving his older brother Charlemagnesole ruler of the Frankish Kingdom.

 

 

 

 

1110 – Syria harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrenders to Crusaders

1197 – Crusaders wound Rabbi Elezar ben Judah

1259 – Treaty of Paris: English king Henry III & French king Louis IX

1489 – Battle of Baza-Spanish army captures Baza from Moors

1534 – Turkish sultan Suleiman occupies Baghdad

1563 – Council of Trent holds last session, after 18 years

1619 – 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God. Considered by many as the first Thanksgiving in the Americas.

1674 – Father Marquette builds 1st dwelling in what is now Chicago

 

 

 

1676 – Battle of LundA Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.

 

 

 

 

 

1680 – Hen in Rome lays an egg imprinted with comet not seen until Dec 16th

1688 – General strategist John Churchill joins with Willem III

1691 – Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania

 

 

 

1783 – Gen Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce’s TavernNYC

 

 

 

 

 

1791 – Britain’s Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, 1st published

1812 – Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa patents a horse-drawn mower

 

 

 

1816 – James Monroe (VA), elected 5th presdefeating Federalist Rufus King

 

 

 

 

 

1829 – Britain abolished “suttee” in India (widow burning herself to death on her husband’s funeral pyre)

 

 

 

 

 

1833 – American Anti-Slavery Society formed by Arthur Tappan in Phila

1836 – Whig party holds its 1st national convention, Harrisburg, Pa

1843 – Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented, Mass

 

 

 

1844 – James K Polk elected 11th president of USA

 

 

 

 

 

1851 – Pres Louis Napolean Boaparte forces crush a coup d’etat in France

 

1864 – Battle of Waynesborough (Brier CreekGA

 

 

 

 

 

1867 – Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange).

1875 – William Marcy “Boss” Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail

1881 – The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published.

1889 – Stanley’s expedition reaches Bagamoyo in Indian Ocean

 

1899 – Webb Hayes son of pres Rutherford Hayes receives medal of honor

 

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

1905 – British government of Balfour resigns

1915 – F F Fletcher is 1st admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor

1918 – Pres Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st chief executive to travel outside US while in office

1921 – The Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe ‘Fatty’ Arbuckle ends in a hung jury.

1923 – Cecil B DeMille’s 1st version of “Ten Commandments” premieres

1927 – Duke Ellington opens at Cotton Club in Harlem

1933 – FDR creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration

1935 – 1,200 at St Joseph’s College (Phila) enroll in anticommunism class

1941 – Nazi ordinances places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts

1942 – US bombers struck Italian mainland for 1st time in WW II

1942 – Works Progress Administration liquidated

1944 – Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded

1945 – 11th Heisman Trophy Award: Doc Blanchard, Army (FB)

1945 – Senate approves US participation in UN

1948 – SS Kiangya hits mine in Whangpoo River China, sinks killing 2,750 die

1951 – Superheated gases roll down Mount Catarman (Philippines), kills 500

1952 – Killer fogs begin in London England, “Smog” becomes a word

1952 – Walter P Reuther chosen chairman of CIO

1954 – The first Burger King is opened in Miami, Florida, USA

1956 – 22nd Heisman Trophy Award: Paul Hornung, Notre Dame (QB)

1957 – 2 commuter trains collide in heavy fog killing 92 (St John’s England)

1961 – Floyd Patterson KOs Tom McNeeley in 4 for heavyweight boxing title

1961 – Museum of Modern Art hangs Matisse’s Le Bateau upside down for 47 days

1961 – Smallest NY Knick, 49th St Madison Square Garden crowd-1,300 (snowstorm)

1961 – Tanganyika becomes 104th member of UN

1963 – Aldo Moro forms Italian government

1965 – Gemini 7 (Borman & Lovell) launched

1970 – Unemployment in US increases to 5.8%

1971 – The UN Security Council calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan.

1971 – The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi.

1973 – Pioneer 10 reaches Jupiter

1975 – 6 South Molukkans occupy Indonesian consulate in The Hague, 1 dead

1976 – Liz Taylor’s 7th marriage (John Warner)

1977 – NFL’s 5,000th game, Cincinnati beats KC 27-7

1978 – Dianne Feinstein is named SF 1st female mayor

1978 – Pioneer Venus 1 goes into orbit around Venus

1980 – 2 months after death of drummer John Bonham, Led Zeppelin breaks up

1982 – 48th Heisman Trophy Award: Herschel Walker, Georgia (RB)

1982 – China adopts its constitution

1982 – Police & racist demonstrators clash in Antwerp

1983 – US jet fighters strike Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon

1984 -Hezbollah militants hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.

1986 – NASA launches Fltsatcom-7

1987 – Karlstad skates world record 10 km (13:48.51)

1988 – Actor Gary Busey critically injured in motorcycle crash

1990 – Due to Persian Gulf crisis gas hits $1.60 per gallon price in NYC

1990 – Iraq announces it will release all 3,300 Soviet hostages

1991 – Judds final concert (Nashville)

1991 – Muslim Shites release last US hostage Terry Anderson (held 6½ years)

1991 – Pan American World Airways ceased operations

1991 – Patricia Bowman testifies that William Kennedy Smith raped her

1992 – Somali Civil War: President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 US troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa.

1993 – Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (35.92 sec)

1993 – Johann Koss skates world record 5K (6:35.53)

1993 – A truce is concluded between the government of Angola and UNITA rebels.

1996 – NASA’s 1st Mars rover launched from Cape Canaveral

1998 – The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.

2005 – Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the Government to allow universal and equal suffrage.

2006 – An adult giant squid is caught on video by Kubodera near the Ogasawara Islands, 1,000 km (620 miles) south of Tokyo.

 

 

 

Births

1555 – Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (d. 1625)

1580 – Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (d. 1626)

1584 – John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony

1646 – Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France (d. 1730)

1660 – Andre Campra, composer

1667 – Michel Pignolet de Monteclair, composer

1711 – Barbara of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1758)

1713 – Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (d. 1786)

 

 

 

1795 – Thomas CarlyleScotlandessayist/historian (French Revolution)

 

 

 

 

 

1803 – Augustus Zerega diZerega, Martinique, ship owner (Red Z Lane)

1812 – Elias Smith Dennis, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died 1894

1818 – William Wing “Old Blizzards” Loring, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army)

 

 

 

1840 – Crazy HorseOglala Sioux chief (d. 1877)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1852 – Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (d. 1934)

1861 – Lillian Russell, [Helen Leonard], US, singer/actress (Great Mogul)

1875 – Rainer Maria Rilke, Austria, poet (Duino Elegies)

1881 – Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot)

1892 – Francisco Franco, Ferrol, Galicia Spanish General/dictator (1936-75), (d. 1975)

1895 – Nils FA Nilsson Piraten, Swedish writer (Bombi Bitt Och Jag)

1895 – Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher (d. 1990)

1908 – A D Hershey, US, biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel 1969)

1910 – Alex North, Chester Penn, composer (Spartacus, Viva Zapata)

1912 – John W Pritchard, [Ian Wallace], US, sci-fi author (Megalomania)

 

 

 

1912 – Gregory “Pappy” BoyingtonAmerican pilot , Medal Of Honor Recipient (d. 1988)

 

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

1914 – Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (d. 1993)

1921 – Deanna Durbin, Winnipeg Manitoba, actress/vocalist (100 Men & a Girl)

1923 – Charles Keating, district attorney (LA California)

1928 – Russell L Rogers, USAF/astronaut (X-20)

1930 – Ronnie Corbett, England, comedian (2 Ronnies)

1930 – Jim Hall, American jazz guitarist

1933 – Horst Buchholz, Berlin Germany, actor (Magnificent 7, Raid on Entebbe)

1934 – Victor French, Santa Barbara California, actor (Highway to Heaven)

1934 – Wink Martindale, Jackson Tn, TV host (Tic-Tac-Dough, Can You Top This)

1935 – Robert Vesco, American financier and fugitive

1936 – Larry Davis, blues singer/guitarist

1937 – Max Baer Jr, Oakland California, actor (Jethro-Beverly Hillbillies)

1938 – Andre Marrou, Libertarian Presidential candidate (1992)

1940 – Freddy Cannon, [Picariello], Lynn Ma, rocker (Palisades Park)

 

 

 

1940 – Gary GilmoreAmerican murderer (d. 1977)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Gemma Jones, English actress

1944 – Chris Hillman, San Diego Caliafornia, singer (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn)

1944 – Dennis Wilson, Hawthorne CA, drummer/vocalist (Beach Boys-My Room)

1944 – François Migault, French racing driver

1945 – Michael Gerzon, mathematician

1947 – Terry Woods, Irish musician (The Pogues, Steeleye Span)

1948 – Roberta Lynn Bondar, Ontario, astronaut (STS 42)

1948 – Southside Johnny Lyon, NJ, rocker (Asbury Jukes-Don’t Want Go Home)

1949 – Jeff Bridges, LA California, actor (Stay Hungry, Against All Odds)

1951 – Gary Rossington, rocker (Lynyrd Skynyrd, Rossington-Collins Band)

1951 – Patricia Wettig, Cincinnati Ohio, actress (Nancy Weston-30 Something)

1952 – Ronald Michael Sega, Cleve Ohio, PhD/Astronaut (STS 60, 76)

1955 – Brian Prout, Troy NY, singer (Diamond Rio-Meet in the Middle)

 

 

 

1955 – Cassandra WilsonAmerican jazz singer

 

 

You Move Me

Come on in my Kitchen

If Loving You Is Wrong

Saddle Up My Pony

 

 

 

 

1956 – Bernard King, basketball player (NY Knicks, NJ Nets)

1956 – Blagoi Blagoyev, Bulgaria, 82.5 kg weightlifer (Olympics-silver-1976)

 

 

 

1957 – Raul Boesel,BrazilIndy-car racer (CART)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Eric S. RaymondAmerican open source advocate

 

 

 

 

 

 

1958 – Bill Roy, Versailles Ill, skeet (Olympics-1996)

1963 – Johanna Wright, Raleigh NC, WPVA volleyballer (Pismo Beach-4th)

1963 – Sergey Bubka, Ukraine, pole vaulter (Olympics-gold-88, 92)

1964 – Marisa Tomei, Bkln NY, actress (My Cousin Vinny)

1964 – Sertab Erener, Turkish singer

1966 – Suzanne Malveaux, American television news reporter

1967 – Martha O’Kelley, US softball infielder (Olympics-gold-96)

1968 – Mike Barrowman, Costa Mesa CA, kayak/200m breast stroke (Oly-g-92, 96)

1969 – Jacques Landry, Saskatoon Saskatchawan, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1969 – Marie-Josee Morneau, Longueuil Quebec, 56 kg judoka (Olympics-96)

1969 – Jay-Z, American rapper

1971 – Shannon Briggs, American boxer

1972 – Nikki Tyler, American actress

 

 

 

1973 – Tyra BanksInglewood, Californiamodel/actress (Higher LearningFresh Prince of Bel Air)

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Steven Menzies, Australian rugby league footballer

1973 – Kate Rusby, English folk singer

1976 – John Lee, Chicago Ill, dance skater (& Julia Bikbova)

Deaths

765 – Jafar Sadiq, Shia Imam (b. 702)

 

 

 

811 – Charles The YoungerKing the of Franksson of the Emperor Charlemagnedies at about 39

 

 

 

 

 

1075 – Archbishop Anno II of Cologne

 

 

 

1123 – Omar KhayyámPersian poetastronomermathematicianand philosopher (b. 1048)

 

 

 

 

 

1137 – Lotharius III of Supplinburg, emperor (1125, 33-37), dies at 67

1182 – Henry, earl of Gelre/Zutphen (1141/79-82), dies

1214 – William I of Scotland

1334 – Pope John XXII (b. 1249)

1371 – Stefanus X Uros V, king of Serbia (1355-71), dies

1459 – Adolf VIII, Duke of Southern Jutland (b. 1401)

1514 – Richard Hunne, English “heretic”, commits suicide(?)

1576 – Rheticus, mathematician, dies

1585 – John Willock, Scottish reformer

1603 – Maarten de Vos, Flemish painter, dies at about 71

1609 – Alexander Hume, Scottish poet

1676 – Johann Georg Ebeling, composer, dies at 39

 

 

 

1679 – Thomas HobbesEnglish philosopher (b. 1588)

 

 

 

 

 

1680 – Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)

1696 – Empress Meishō, Japan (b. 1624)

1798 – Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomy/physicist, dies at 61

1807 – Prince Hall, activist/Masonic leader, dies in Boston

1893 – Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War

1902 – Charles Dow, American journalist (Dow Jones & Company – Wall Street Journal) (b. 1851)

1909 – Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter/graphic artist (Elle), dies at 60

1945 – Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1866)

1956 – Alexandr Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer (b. 1891)

1959 – Rosetta Duncan, (Duncan Sisters), dies in an auto accident at 58

1967 – Bert Lahr, [Irving Lahrheim], US comic (Wizard of Oz), dies at 72

1969 – Fred Hampton, US Black-Panther leader, murdered

1971 – Shunryu Suzuki, Zen teacher, founder of SF Zen Center, dies

 

 

 

1975 – Hannah ArendtGerman/US sociologistdies at 69 [or Dec 5]

 

 

 

 

 

1976 – Benjamin Britten, British composer (Beggar’s Opera), dies at 63

1976 – Tommy Bolin, rock guitarist (Deep Purple), dies of heroin overdose

1978 – Samuel Abraham Goldsmith, Neth/US phycists, dies at 76

1980 – Stella Walsh-S-Walasiewicz, sprinter (Olympic-gold-1932), shot at 69

1987 – Rouben Mamoulian, dir (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde), dies at 90

1988 – Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (b. 1899)

1993 – Frank Sturgis, watergate burglar, dies at 68

 

 

 

1993 – Frank V ZappaUS music/composer (Mothers of Invention), dies at 52

 

Montana

Steve Allen show, Frank Zappa Playing music on a Bicycle 1963

Don’t Eat The Yellow Snow

Road Ladies

More Trouble Every Day

Saint Alphonzo’s Pancake Breakfast

 

 

 

 

1993 – Margaret Landon, US author (Anna & the King of Siam), dies at 90

1994 – Robert Jesse Charleston, museum curator, dies at 78

1994 – Thomas Roy Garrett, museum curator, dies at 63

1995 – Adrianne Jones, killed by David Graham & Diane Zamora, at 16

1995 – Itzhak Rabin, PM of Israel (1968-73), assassinated

1997 – Richard Vernon, British actor (Gandhi, Hard Days Night), dies at 72

1999 – Rose Bird, American judge (b. 1936)

2003 – Iggy Katona, American race car driver (b. 1916)

2007 – Chip Reese, American professional poker player (b. 1951)

 

 

 

2011 – Hubert SumlinAmerican blues guitarist (b. 1931)

 

Sometimes I’m Right

Come On In My House

Smokestack Lightning

Three Hundred Pounds Of Joy

Only 19 Students Ready For College In Paterson NJ

 

 

 

 

 

” A paltry nineteen students who took the SAT from the Paterson (New Jersey) Public Schools were considered “college ready.”

This means they scored at least a 1500 out of 2400 on the exam.

MY 9 NJ.com reports:

Paterson resident Jason Williams is one of the lucky ones. He just graduated high school last year and has been enrolled in college since September, after taking the SAT’s three times determined to score over 1500. He says that the key to his success was not falling victim to the streets.

  Article author Tamara Laine writes that the 19 students figure “is truly shocking considering how large the school district is.” Indeed, according to the district’s Wikipedia entry, the district has twenty-one high schools, and a total student enrollment of 28,139. “

 

    Although we experienced some difficulty in coming up with a solid figure for the Paterson public high school enrollment numbers , according to the information on Wikipedia’s page we’ve arrived at a minimum of 4,684 students .

   If approximately half of that number are juniors and seniors , those taking the SATs , we calculate 2,342 students that took the college entrance exam . That translates into a 0.811% readiness rate … Less than 1 % . Shameful .

This is all the more disgraceful when one considers that Paterson has a 13 to 1 student/teacher ratio (among the lowest in the country) , the national average being 15.5 , and spends $18,891 per pupil which is 8.3% above the national average and ranks below only Alaska , DC and New York . See table below …

 

 

 

Paterson School Spending

   While the reader ponders where all that money is being spent , take note of this story from Monday’s NorthJersey.com :

 

 

” Payroll records show the number of city school district employees making at least $125,000 has doubled over the past five years, an increase that comes as test scores for Paterson students remain among the lowest in the state.

  At present, 66 Paterson Public Schools employees make at least $125,000, the records show. During the 2010-11 school year, the district had 33 employees above the $125,000 mark.

  The rise has been a steady one, the records show. The number of salaries above $125,000 grew to 41 in 2011-12, to 53 the year after that and to 60 in 2013-14.”

 

 

    Gotta love that State provided “free” education … New Jersey tax payers are hardly getting their money’s worth , that’s for sure .

The College Fix

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

741 – St Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III

1347 – Pope Clemens VI declares Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo as heretics

1557 – 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form

1586 – Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England, from Colombia

 

 

 

1621 – Galileo invents telescope

 

 

 

 

 

1639 – 1st annulment by court decree passes

1676 – Battle at Lund: Sweden beats Denen

1678 – Edmund Halley receives MA from Queen’s College, Oxford

1685 – Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm Sweden

1775 – 1st official US flag raising (aboard naval vessel Alfred)

1818 – Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)

1828 – Andrew Jackson elected 7th president of US

1834 – 1st US dental society organized (NY)

1835 – 1st US mutual fire insurance company issues 1st policy (RI)

 

 

 

1854 – Eureka StockadeIn what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracymore than 20 goldminers at BallaratVictoria, Australia are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences.

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN

1864 – Skirmish at Thomas’ Station, Georgia

1866 – Paid fire dept replaces volunteer companies

1868 – Trial of Jefferson Davis starts; 1st blacks on US trial jury

1881 – Henry M Stanley finds Leopoldville/Kinshasa

1912 – First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place.

1914 – Neth army shoots up geïnterneerde Belgian soldiers: 8 killed

1917 – After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.

1930 – Air-borne chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley Belgium)

1931 – Alka Seltzer goes on sale

1933 – Connie Mack sells Mickey Cochrane to Det Tigers for $100,000

1943 – Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins

1944 – Hungarian death march of Jews ends

1944 – US 5th Armour division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald

1946 – 12th Heisman Trophy Award: Glenn Davis, Army (HB)

1948 – 1st US woman army officer not in medical corps sworn-in

1948 – Chinese refugee ship “Kiangya” explodes in E China Sea, killing 1,100

 

 

 

1950 – Paul Harvey begins his national radio broadcast

 

 

 

 

 

1953 – Eisenhower criticizes McCarthy for saying communists are in Rep party

1956 – Wilt Chamberlain’s 1st collegiate basketball game (scores 52)

1959 – State of emergency on Cyprus ends

1961 – Anton Geesink becomes 1st not-Japanese judo world champion

1961 – George Blanda of Houston Oilers kicks 55-yard field goal

1962 – Edith Spurlock Sampson sworn-in as 1st US black female judge

1964 – Police arrests 800 sit-in students at U of Cal at Berkeley

1965 – USSR launches Luna 8; crashes on Moon

1966 – US performs underground nuclear test at Hattiesburg Miss

1967 – 1st human heart transplant performed (Dr Christian Barnard, South Africa)

1968 – Pitcher’s mound drops from 15″ to 10″ & strike zone reduced from knees to shoulders to top of knees to armpits, to help hitters

1971 – Pres Nixon commutes Jimmy Hoffa’s jail term

1971 – Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: India invades West Pakistan and a full scale war begins claiming hundreds of lives.

1973 – Pioneer 10 passes Jupiter (1st fly-by of an outer planet) [Dec 4-GMT]

1976 – Dr Patrick J Hillery elected president of Iraq

1979 – 11 trampled to death at Cincinnati Who concert

1980 – NY Federal jury finds Reps Thompson D-NJ & Murphy, D-NY, guilty

1982 – Tommy Hearns wins WBC Welterweight title in decision over Benitez

 

 

 

1984 – 2,000 die from Union Carbide poison gas emission in Bhopal, India

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – 54th Heisman Trophy Award: Barry Sanders, Oklahoma State (RB)

1991 – Muslim Shites release US hostage Alan Steen

1992 – UN Security Council votes unanimous for US led forces to enter Somalia

1992 – The Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes of crude oil, runs aground in a storm while approaching La Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo.

1999 – NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere.

2005 – XCOR Aerospace makes first manned rocket aircraft delivery of US Mail in Mojave, California.

 

 

Births

1368 – Charles VI, [the Well-Beloved], king of France (1380-1422)

1483 – Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reformation theologist

1560 – Jan Gruter, Dutch critic (d. 1627)

1576 – Marsilio Casentini, composer

1668 – Casimir Schweizelsperg, composer

1753 – Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine)

1776 – Johann Spurzheim, German neuroscientist (d. 1832)

1795 – Rowland Hill, introduced 1st adhesive postage stamp (1840)

1806 – Henry Alexander Wise, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876

1809 – Thomas Alfred Davies, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1899

1822 – Charles Adam Heckman, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896

1826 – George Brinton McClellan, Major General (Union Army), died in 1885

1829 – Green Berry Raum, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1909

1838 – Cleveland Abbe, US, meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau)

1842 – Ellen Henrietta Richards, US, chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres)

1842 – Phoebe Hearst, American socialite (d. 1919)

1842 – Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (d. 1899)

 

 

 

1857 – Joseph ConradBerdychiv, Polandnovelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), (d. 1924)

 

 

 

 

 

1880 – Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (d. 1945)

1885 – Marchien Zwitsers, farmer in Lutten (died at 109 years old)

1886 – Manne Siegbahn, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)

1887 – Naruhiko, Prince Higashikuni of Japan (d. 1990)

1900 – Richard Kuhn, Austria, biochemist, worked with vitamins (Nobel 1938)

1900 – Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide (d. 2004)

1907 – Connee Boswell, New Orleans La, singer (Pete Kelly’s Blue)

1910 – Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon

1913 – Omer Vanaudenhoven, Flemish industrial/resistance fighter

1921 – Hans G Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking)

1921 – Phyllis Curtin, American soprano

1922 – Sven Nykvist, Swedish cinematographer (d. 2006)

1924 – John Backus, inventor (FORTRAN computer language)

1924 – Roberto Mières, Argentine racing driver

1925 – Ferlin Husky, American country singer (Born to Lose, Gone)

1927 – Andy Williams, Wall Lake Iowa, singer (Moon River, Andy Williams Show)

1930 – Jean-Luc Godard, French director (Alphaville, Hail Mary, Breathless)

1931 – Jaye P Morgan, Mancos Colo, singer/actress (Gong Show, Night Patrol)

1932 – Corry Brokken, Dutch singer

1933 – Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel laureate

1934 – Viktor Vassilyevich Gorbatko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 24, 37/36)

 

 

 

1937 – Bobby Allisonauto racer (3 time winner of Daytona 500)

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – Stephen Rubin, English attorney/shoe manufacturer (Reebok, Adidas)

1943 – Valerie Perrine, Galveston Tx, actress (Slaughterhouse 5)

1948 – Ozzy Osbourne, Aston, Birmingham,, rock vocalist (Black Sabbath-Bark at the Moon)

1949 – Heather Menzies, Toronto Canada, actress (Jessica-Logan’s Run)

1949 – Mickey Thomas, rock vocalist (Jefferson Airplane, Starship)

1951 – Danger Alberto Juantorena, Cuba, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1976)

 

 

 

1951 – Rick MearsIndy-car racer (over 25 wins)

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Don Barnes, rock guitarist (38 Special)

1952 – Duane Roland, rock guitarist (Molly Hatchet)

1953 – Franz Klammer, Austria, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1976)

1960 – Daryl Hannah, Chicago, Illinois, American actress (Splash, Blade Runner)

1960 – Julianne Moore, Fayetteville North Carolina, American actress (Magnolia, The Kids are Alright)

1963 – Steve Hegg, Dana Point California, road cyclist (Olympics-16th-84, 96)

1963 – Joe Lally, American musician (Fugazi)

 

 

 

1963 – Terri SchiavoAmerican right to die figure (d. 2005)

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Katarina Witt, Staaken GDR, figure skater (Olympic-Gold-1984, 88)

1965 – Tammy Jacques, Auburn Maine, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1965 – Andrew Stanton, American animator

1966 – Lisa Lightfoot, Australian middle distance runner (Olympics-96)

1967 – Katie Henderson, Santa Monica CA, WPVA volleyball (US Open-25th-1993)

1968 – Brendan Fraser, Indianapolis In, actor (School Ties, 20 Bucks)

1969 – Bill Steer, British guitarist

1971 – Vernon White, American mixed martial artist

1972 – Eva Nemcova, WNBA forward/guard (Cleveland Rockers)

1972 – Peter Wright, US, 1500m freestyle (Olympics-96)

 

 

 

1972 – Bucky LasekAmerican skateboarder

 

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Andrew McNally, Australian baseball pitcher (Olympics-1996)

1973 – Brian Loyd, Lynwood CA, baseball catcher (Olympics-bronze-96)

1973 – Holly Marie Combs, American actress

1973 – Super Crazy, Mexican professional wrestler

1975 – Nadine Neumann, Sydney NSW Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96)

1977 – Adam Małysz, Polish ski-jumper

1980 – Anna Chlumsky, Chicago Ill, actress (My Girl)

1982 – Jaycee Chan, Hong Kong singer and actor

1985 – Amanda Seyfried, American actress

1985 – László Cseh, Hungarian swimmer

 

 

Deaths

450 – Petrus Chrysologus, 1st archbishop of Ravenna, dies

1137 – Lotharius III, of Supplinburg, Roman-Ger emperor (1133-37), dies at 67

1154 – Anastasius IV, Pope (1153-54), dies

1265 – Odofredus, Italian jurist

1469 – Piero de’ Medici, ruler of Florence, dies at about 53

1491 – Thomas Basin, French historian/bishop of Lisieux, dies

1533 – Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33), dies at 54

1610 – Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general (b. 1548)

1676 – Daniel Stalpaert, Amsterdams master builder, buried

1857 – Christian D Rauch, German sculptor, dies at 80

 

 

 

1888 – Carl ZeissGerman lens maker

 

 

 

 

 

 

1894 – Robert Louis StevensonScottish novelistdies at 45

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (b. 1833)

1910 – Mary Baker Eddy, founder (Christian Science (Monitor)), dies at 89

1955 – Cow Cow Davenport, American pianist (b. 1894)

1957 – Frank E Gannett, newspaper publisher, dies at 81

1967 – Harry Wismer, American original owner of the New York Jets (b. 1913)

1972 – Bill Johnson, American musician (b. 1872)

1975 – Jacob Kruijt, Dutch sociologist, dies at 76

1981 – Walter Knott, American farmer (b. 1889)

1984 – Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin, Russian mathematician (b. 1919)

1991 – Alex Graham, British cartoonstrip artist (Fred Basset), dies

1993 – Lewis Thomas, biologist, dies of cancer at 80

1994 – Lesley Peacock, jazz photogrpaher/author, dies

1994 – Said Mekbel, Algerian editor in chief (Le Matin), murdered at 57

1995 – Jimmy Jewel, comedian, dies at 82

1995 – Roxie Roker, actress (Claudine)/mother of Lenny Kravitz, dies at 66

1996 – Babrak Karmal, PM of Afghanistan (1980-81), dies

1996 – George Duby, historian, dies at 77

 

 
1999 – Madeline KahnAmerican actress (b. 1942)

 

I’m Tired Madeline Kahn Blazing Saddles

Ain’t Got No Home

Carol Burnett – “Family” Featuring Madeline Kahn

Madeline Kahn & George Burns

 

 

 

 

2000 – Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (b. 1917)

2003 – David Hemmings, English actor (b. 1941)

2004 – Shiing-Shen Chern, Chinese mathematician (b. 1911)

2009 – Richard Todd, Irish-born British actor (b. 1919)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1409 – The University of Leipzig opens.

1682 – English earl of Shaftesbury flight to Amsterdam

1697 – St Paul’s Cathedral opens in London

1755 – The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire.

1763 – Touro shul of Newport RI dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)

1777 – British Gen Howe plots attack on Washington’s army for Dec 4

 

 

 

1805 – Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz

 

 

 

 

 

 

1812 – James Madison re-elected president of US, E Gerry vice-pres

 

 

 

 

1816 – 1st savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)

 

1823 – President James Monroe declares his “Monroe Doctrine

 

 

 

 

1840 – William H Harrison elected 9th President of USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

1845 – Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.

848 – Franz Josef I becomes emperor of Austria & King of Hungary

1851 – Newly-elected French President Charles Louis Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic.

1852 – 2nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes emperor

1864 – Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia

1867 – In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.

1868 – 1st British government of Disraeli resigns

1882 – Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium

 

 

 

1899 – Philippine-American WarThe Battle of Tirad Passtermed “The Filipino Thermopylae”is fought.

 

 

 

 

 

1901 – Gillette patents 1st disposable razor

1901 – King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades

1907 – Tommy Burns KOs Gunner Moir in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

1908 – Pu Yi (Hsuan-T’ung) became China’s Last Emperor at age 3

1914 – Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia

1927 – 1st Model A Fords sold, for $385

 

 

 

1929 – 1st skull of Peking man found50 km out of Peking at Tsjoe Koe Tien

 

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – 1st transatlantic telephone wedding (Bertil Clason-Sigrid Carlson)

1933 – Fred Astaire’s 1st film, “Dancing Lady,” released

1934 – 5.08-m (200″) Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast

1939 – British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC

1939 – NY’s La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight

1941 – Largest roller skating rink (outside of NYC) opens in Peekskill NY

1941 – Naval Intelligence ceases bugging Japanese consul

1941 – Yamamoto sends his fleet to Pearl Harbor

1942 – 1st controlled nuclear chain reaction (Enrico Fermi-U of Chicago)

1943 – 1st RSHA transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp

1944 – 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (QB)

1944 – US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar

1947 – 13th Heisman Trophy Award: John Lujack, Notre Dame (QB)

1948 – Stan Musial is picked NL MVP

1950 – Vic Toweel knocks down Danny O’Sullivan 14 times in a title fight

1951 – Phila sets NFL record of 25 1st-downs rushing

1952 – 18th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Vessels, Oklahoma (HB)

1952 – 1st human birth televised to public (KOA-TV Denver, Colo)

1954 – US Senate censures Joe McCarthy (Sen-R-Wisc) for “conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor & disrepute”

1956 – Fidel Castro lands with “Granma” on coast of Cuba

1957 – 1st US large scale nuclear power plant opens (Shippingport Penn)

1957 – Sam Cooke’s “You Send Me” reaches #1

1958 – 24th Heisman Trophy Award: Pete Dawkins, Army (HB)

1958 – Benelux treaty signed by Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg

 

 

 

1959 – Malpasset dam collapses destroying French Riviera town of Frejus

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Fidel Castro declares he’s a Marxist, & will lead Cuba to Communism

1963 – 1st Dutch rocket launched/reaches height of 10 km

1966 – Love, Moby Grape & Lee Michaels perform at Fillmore East

1969 – Boeing 747 jumbo jet 1st public preview (Seattle to NYC)

1970 – Environmental Protection Agency begins (Dir: William Ruckelshaus)

1971 – United Arab Emirates, (Trucial States) declares independence from UK

1972 – “December Giant” largest sinkhole in US collapses (Alabama)

1974 – Cowhide, rather than just horsehide, can be used to make baseballs

1975 – 7 South Moluccans hijack train at Wijster Drente, 3 killed

1978 – Chanting “Allah is great,” anti-Shah protesters poured through Tehran

1979 – Crowds attack US embassy at Tripoli Libya

1979 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

 

 

 

1980 – 4 American Maryknoll nuns killed by death squads in El Salvador

 

 

 

 

 

1982 – 1st permanent artificial heart successfully implanted (U of Utah) in retired dentist Barney Clark; lived 112 days with Jarvic-7 heart

1986 – Dow-Jones index hits record 1955.57

1988 – “Naked Gun” premieres, a movie based on TV’s “Police Squad”

1988 – 5 gunmen who hijacked Soviet Aeroflot jet, surrender in Israel

1988 – UN votes 151-2 (Isr & US) to move PLO debate to Geneva, Brit abstains

1989 – 55th Heisman Trophy Award: Andre Ware, Houston (QB)

1990 – 1st time 12 people in space

1990 – US 69th manned space mission STS 35 (Columbia 11) launches into orbit

1991 – Bobby Bonilla signs record $29 million-5 year pact with NY Mets

1991 – Muslim Shites release American held in Lebanon hostage Joseph Cicippio

1993 – Dow-Jones hits record 3702.11

1994 – Achille Lauro (Willem Ruys) sinks off the coast of Somalia

1994 – Jury finds Heidi Fleiss guilty of running a call girl ring

1999 – The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive.

2001 – Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

 

 

Births

1578 – Agostino Agazzari, composer

1678 – Nicolaas S Cruquius, Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer)

1694 – William Shirley, Colonial Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1771)

1703 – Ferdinand Konscak, Croatian explorer (d. 1759)

1728 – Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat

 

 

 

1738 – Richard MontgomeryIrish-born soldier (d. 1775)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1802 – Melancthon Smith Wade, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1821 – Rufus Barringer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

1837 – Charles Garrison Harker, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864

1863 – Charles Ringling, American circus owner (d. 1926)

1884 – Ruth Draper, US, lecture artist [or 1989]

1885 – George Minot, US, physician, worked on anemia (Nobel 1934)

1896 – Georgi K Zjukov, marshal of Moskow/Stalingrad [NS-Dec 11]

1897 – Hovhannes Bagramyan, Marshall of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)

1899 – John Cobb, British racing driver (d. 1952)

1906 – Peter Carl Goldmark, developed color TV & LP records

1914 – Ray Walston, New Orleans LA, actor (My Favorite Martian, Damn Yankees)

1915 – Adolph Green, songwriter (married to Phyllis Newman)

 

 

 

1915 – Randolph Hearstnewspaper publisher

 

 

 

 

 

 

1917 – Sylvia Syms, American jazz singer (d. 1992)

1922 – Leo V Gordon, Baltimore MD, actor (Circus Boy, Enos, Winds of War)

1923 – Maria M Callas, NYC, soprano (Carmen)

1923 – Meshulam Riklis, husband of Pia Zadora

1924 – Alexander Haig Jr, Bala-Cynwyd Pa, US Sec of State (1981-82)/General

1924 – Jonathan Frid, actor (Barnabas Collins-Dark Shadows)

1925 – Julie Harris, Grosse Pt Mich, actress (Bell Jar, East of Eden)

1929 – Lowell North, Springfield Mass, yachtsman (Olympic-Gold-1968)

1930 – Gary Becker, American economist, recipient of the Bank of Sweden Prize

1931 – Hatsumi Masaaki, Founder and head of the Bujinkan Dojo organization

1937 – Brian Lumley, England, sci-fi author (Compleat Crow, Psychomech)

1939 – Harry ( Pederast , or so we’ve been told ) Reid, American politician

1940 – Gerry Cheevers, NHL goalie (Bruin, longest undefeated streak-32 games)

1940 – Willie Brown, NFL defensive back (Denver Broncos, Oakland Raiders)

 

 

 

1941 – Paul C W ChuChinaphysicist (superconductivity)

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Ted Bluechel, San Pedro Ca, rock vocalist/drummer (Association)

1943 – David Munden, rocker

1944 – Cathy Lee Crosby, LA, actress (Coach, That’s Incredible)

1945 – Penelope Spheeris, American film director

1946 – Gianni Versace, Reggio Calabria, Italy, fashion designer (Versace), (d. 1997)

1947 – Ivan Atanassov Petrov, Bulgarian neurologist

1948 – T. Coraghessan Boyle, American writer

1953 – Jay Dean Haas, St Louis MO, PGA golfer (1978 Andy Williams-San Diego)

1953 – Meg Griffin, DJ (WNEW-FM, WPLJ-FM, WKRK-FM)/VJ (V-1)

1954 – Stone Phillips, news host (NBC Dateline)

1956 – Steven Bauer, Havana Cuba, actor (Scarface, Thief of Hearts)

1958 – Vladimir Parfenovich, USSR, 500m kayak (Olympic-gold-1980)

1959 – Greg Barton, kayak (Olympics-2 gold-88)

1963 – Ann Patchett, American novelist

1966 – Anita Jokiel, Poland, gymnast (Olympic-1980)

1966 – Jinsei Shinzaki, Japanese professional wrestler

1968 – Lucy Liu, American actress

1968 – Nate Mendel, American bassist (Foo Fighters)

1971 – Rachel McQuillan, Merewether NSW Aust, tennis star (1989 Futures ITA)

1973 – Monica Seles, Novi Sad Yugoslavia, tennis star (US Open 1992)

1975 – Mark Kotsay, Whittier CA, baseball outfielder (Olympics-bronze-96)

1978 – Nelly Furtado, Canadian singer and songwriter

1978 – Chris Wolstenholme, British bassist (Muse)

1981 – Britney Spears, Kentwood, Louisiana, singer and popstar (“Baby One More Time,” “Oops! …I did it again” and “I’m A Slave 4 U”)

1983 – Bibiana Candelas, Mexican volleyball player

 

 

Deaths

537 – Sylvester, Italian Pope (536-37), dies

1348 – Emperor Hanazono of Japan (b. 1297)

1381 – John of Ruysbroeck, Flemish mystic

1463 – Archduke Albert VI of Austria (b. 1418)

1515 – Gonzalo de Cordoba, Spanish general/strategist/viceroy of Naples, dies

1552 – Francis Xavier, Spanish Catholic missionary (b. 1506)

1723 – Philip, French duke of Orleans/regent (1715-23)/PM (1723), dies

1726 – Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (b. 1665)

1747 – Vincent Bourne, English classical scholar (b. 1695)

1814 – Marquis de Sade, writer, dies at 74

 

 

1859 – John Brown US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59

 

 

 

 

1892 – Jay GouldAmerican entrepreneur (b. 1836)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1899 – Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (killed at Battle of Tirad Pass) (b. 1875)

 

 

 

1919 – Henry Clay Frickbuilt largest coke & steel operationdies at 69

 

 

 

1935 – Albert Kessel, 1st to die in California gas chamber

1936 – John Ringling, American circus owner (b. 1866)

1944 – JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies

1957 – Harrison Ford, silent screen actor (Rubber Tires), dies at 73

1963 – Sabu Sabu, actor (Jungle Book, Drums), dies of heart attack at 39

1966 – Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician, dies at 85

1967 – Francis J “Cardinal” Spellman, archbishop of NY, dies at 78

1972 – Friedrich Christian Christiansen, German Luftwaffe general, dies

1976 – Danny Murtaugh, baseball manager (Pittsburgh Pirates), dies at 59

 

 

 

1982 – Marty Feldmancomedian (Young Frankenstein), dies at 49

 

Monster Sketch

the railway carriage

pops out to make the cocoa

 

 

 

 

1986 – Desi Arnaz, actor (Ricky Ricardo-I Love Lucy), dies at 69 of cancer

1987 – Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich, Russian physicist (b. 1914)

1988 – Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer and lyricist (Quartetto Cetra)

1990 – Aaron Copeland, composer (Fanfare for Common Man), dies at 90

1993 – Pablo Escobar Gaviria, Colombian drug baron, shot to death at 44

1995 – Roxie Roker, actress (Helen Willis-Jeffersons), dies at 66

1997 – Shirley Crabtree, British professional wrestler (b. 1930)

1997 – Michael Hedges, American guitarist known for originality (b. 1953)

2004 – Alicia Markova, British ballerina (b. 1910)

2005 – Kenneth Lee Boyd, American convicted murderer (executed) (b. 1948)

2008 – Edward Samuel Rogers, Canadian entrepreneur (b. 1933)

 

 

 

2008 – OdettaAmerican singer (b. 1930)

 

House of the Rising Sun

Glory Halleluja

The Midnight Special

Black Woman & Shame And Scandal In The Family with Johnny Cash

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

772 – Pope Adrian I elected

800 – Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

1167 – Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League

1420 – Henry V of England enters Paris.

1566 – Spanish king Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva

1626 – Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out

1640 – Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule

1641 – Mass becomes 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery

1824 – House of Reps begins to end election deadlock between JQ Adams

1831 – Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather

 

 

 

1835 – Hans Christian Andersen published his 1st book of fairy tales

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia

1868 – John D Rockefeller begins anti oil war

1878 – 1st White House telephone installed

1884 – American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.

1887 – Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal’s control of Macao

1891 – James Naismith creates the game of basketball

1896 – 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)

 

 

 

1903 – “The Great Train Robbery,” the 1st Western filmreleased

 

 

 

 

 

 

1906 – Cinema Omnia Pathe, world’s 1st cinema, opens (Paris)

1913 – 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)

1913 – Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)

1917 – Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb

1919 – AA Milne’s “Mr Pim Passes By,” premieres in Manchester

1921 – 1st US helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight

1921 – US Post Office establishes philatelic agency

1922 – 1st skywriting over US-“Hello USA”-by Capt Turner, RAF

1925 – Treaty of Locarno signed

1929 – Game of Bingo invented by Edwin S Lowe

 

 

 

1930 – Ruth Nichols becomes 1st woman pilot to cross continent

 

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – Rudolf Hess & Earnest Rohm become a minister in Hitler government

1934 – Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov assassinated, used by Stalin as the excuse to begin the Great Purge of 1934-38.

1936 – 2nd Heisman Trophy Award: Larry Kelley, Yale (E)

1936 – Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use

1936 – EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants

1939 – SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews

1941 – British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python

1941 – Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war

 

 

 

1941 – US Civil Air Patrol (CAPorganizes

 

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Gasoline rationed in US

1943 – FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)

1948 – Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player

1951 – 17th Heisman Trophy Award: Dick Kazmaier, Princeton (HB)

1951 – Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds

1952 – The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation.

 

 

 

1955 – Rosa Parks (black) arrested for refusing to move to the back of bus

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Sam Cooke and Buddy Holly and Crickets debut on Ed Sullivan Show

1958 – Our Lady of Angels School burns, killing 92 students & 3 nuns (Chic)

1959 – 12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica

1959 – 25th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Cannon, LSU (HB)

1959 – The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space

 

 

 

1960 – Patrice Lumumba caught in the Congo

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Houston Colt .45s change name to Astros

1967 – Queen Elizabeth inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope

1967 – Wilt Chamberlain set NBA record of 22 free throws misses

1968 – Pirate Radio Modern (259) (England) begins transmitting

1969 – US government holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II

1971 – Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.

1973 – Jack Nicklaus becomes 1st golfer to earn $2M in a year

1974 – Jacqueline Hansen runs female world record marathon (2:43:54.5)

 

 

 

1974 – LA Skid Row slasher kills 1st of 8

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Pres Carter more than doubles national park system size

1982 – Dentist Barney B Clark gets 1st artificial heart

1982 – Michael Jackson releases “Thriller”

1983 – Rita Lavelle, former head of EPA, convicted of perjury

1984 – 50th Heisman Trophy Award: Doug Flutie, Boston College (QB)

1984 – Greg Page KOs Gerrie Coetzee in 8 for WBA heavyweight boxing title

 

 

 

1986 – Muséed’orsay opens in Paris

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987 – Digging begins to link England & France under English Channel

1988 – Benazir Bhutto named 1st female PM of a Moslem country (Pakistan)

1988 – NBC bids record $401M to capture rights to 1992 Barcelona Olympics

1990 – 56th Heisman Trophy Award: Ty Detmer, Brigham Young (QB)

1990 – Lithuania, Estonia & Latvia hold their 1st joint session

1990 – NY Knicks Patrick Ewing scores 50 points beating Charlotte 113-96

1991 – US 75th manned space mission “STS 44″ Atlantis 10 lands

1992 – 2 C-141B Starlifters collide in Montana & crash, 13 die

1992 – Amy Fisher sentenced 5-15 yrs for shooting Mary Jo Buttafuoco

1994 – Ernesto Zedillo innaugrated as president of Mexico

1997 – Westinghouse formally changes its name to CBS

1998 – Exxon announces a $73.7 billion USD deal to buy Mobil, thus creating Exxon-Mobil, the world’s largest company.

2001 – Captain Bill Compton brings Trans World Airlines Flight 220, an MD-83, into St. Louis International Airport bringing to an end 76 years of TWA operations following TWA’s purchase by American Airlines.

 

 

 

Births

1081 – Louis VI of France (d. 1137)

1083 – Anna Comnena, Byzantine historian (d. 1153)

 

 

 

1521 – Takeda ShingenJapanese warlord (d. 1573)

 

 

 

 

 

1525 – Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)

1549 – Johan van der Veeken, merchant/co-founder (VOC)

1580 – Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (d. 1637)

1671 – Francesco Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius

1726 – Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Declar of Independence)

1743 – Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)

1766 – Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (d. 1826)

 

 

 

1826 – William MahoneMajor General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

 

 

 

 

 

 

1832 – Archibald Gracie JrBrigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1835 – Micah JenkinsBrigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

 

 

 

 

 

1884 – Torben Myer, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Girl Who Came Back)

1884 – Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)

1886 – Rex Stout, Noblesville Indiana, American mystery writer (Nero Wolf novels)

1899 – Robert Welch, found John Birch Society

1912 – Minoru Yamasaki, architect (World Trade Center, NY)

1913 – Mary Martin, Weatherford Tx, actress (Peter Pan) Larry Hagman’s mom

1919 – Anne Cox Chambers, Dayton Ohio, US ambassador to Belgium (1977-81)

1919 – Ike Isaacs, guitarist

 

 

 

1923 – Stansfield Turner,  Admiral , USN , CIA director

 

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – Morris, Belgian cartoonist (Lucky Luke) (d. 2001)

1925 – David Doyle, Omaha Neb, actor (John Bosley-Charlie’s Angels)

1925 – Martin Rodbell, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)

1932 – Robert T Herres, Denver Colo, USAF/astronaut

1932 – Matt Monro, English singer (d. 1985)

1933 – Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoon artist (d. 1996)

1934 – Billy Paul, Phila, singer (Me & Mrs Jones)

1935 – Lou Rawls, Chic Ill, vocalist (Dean Martin’s Golddigers, Natural Man)

1935 – Roger Christian, US, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)

1935 – Woody Allen, [Allen Konigsberg], Bkln, actor (Zelig, Annie Hall)

1939 – Dianne Lennon, LA California, singer (Lennon Sisters)

1939 – Lee Buck Trevino, Dallas Tx, PGA golfer (US Open 1968, 71)

1940 – Richard Pryor, Ill, comedian/actor (Lady Sings the Blues, Stir Crazy)

1942 – John Crowley, US, sci-fi author (Deep, Beasts, Novelty)

1942 – Peter Kalikow, Queens NYC, real estate developer/publisher (NY Post)

1943 – Nicholas Peter Negroponte, NYC, founder/director (Media Lab at MIT)

1943 – Orton Enderlein, German FR, luge (Olympic-gold-1964)

 

 

 

1944 – Eric BloomAmerican rock vocalist/guitarist (Blue Öyster Cult)

 

Interview Germany 1993

The Reaper

Astronomy

Dominance and Submission

 

 

 

 

1944 – Michael W. Hagee, 33rd Commandant of the United States Marine Corps

1945 – John Densmore, LA, drummer (Doors-C’mon Light My Fire)

1945 – Bette Midler, Honolulu, Hawaii,actress and singer (Beaches, Wind Beneath my Wings)

1946 – Gilbert O’Sullivan, Ireland, singer (Alone Again Naturally)

1946 – Ho-Jun Li, Korea PR, rifle (Olympic-gold-1972)

1949 – Pablo Escobar Gaviria, Colombian drug baron

1950 – Richard Keith, Lafayette La, actor (Little Ricky-I Love Lucy)

1950 – Keith Thibodeaux, American actor and drummer

1951 – Alexander Panayotov Aleksandrov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-5)

1951 – Treat Williams, Rowayton CT, actor (Flashpoint, Hair)

 

 

 

1951 – Jaco Pastoriousjazz bassist and composer (Weather Report)( see UE 9/21 Deaths)

 

Videos

 

 

 

1955 – Uwe Benter, German FR, coxsman (Olympic-gold-1972)

1958 – Charlene Tilton, San Diego California, actress (Lucy Ewing-Dallas)

1960 – Carol Alt, Queens NY (Mrs Ron Greshner)/actress (Private Parts)

1961 – Armin Meiwes, German cannibal

1963 – Marco Greco, Brazilian racing driver

1966 – Mike Flores, NFL defensive end (Washington Redskins)

1968 – Anders Holmertz, Swedish free style swimmer (world record 400m)

1970 – Sarah Silverman, American actress and comedian

1971 – Stephanie Finochio, American professional wrestler

1971 – Dolgorsürengiin Serjbüdee, Mongolian professional wrestler

1972 – Norbert Wójtowicz, Polish historian and theologian

1973 – Eric Thomas, Chartage Texas, 400m hurdler

1973 – Mia Farrance, Melbourne VIC Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1976 – Konerak Sinthasomphone, Milwaukee Wisc, Jeffrey Dahmer’s victim

1976 – Brently Heilbron, American satirist

1977 – Jared Fogle, American Subway spokesperson

1977 – Brad Delson, American guitarist (Linkin Park)

 

 

 

Deaths

660 – Eligius/Eloy, French bishop of Tournay-Noyon/saint, dies

1135 – Henry I Beauclerc, King of England (1st English King fluent in the English language), dies

1241 – Isabella of England, wife of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1214)

1374 – Magnus Eriksson, king of Norway/Sweden, dies

1377 – King Magnus II of Sweden (b. 1316)

1433 – Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (b. 1377)

1580 – Edmund Campion, English jesuit, hanged at 42

 

 

 

1602 – Kobayakawa HideakiJapanese samurai and warlord (b. 1582)

 

 

 

 

 

1660 – Pierre d’Hozier, French historian (b. 1592)

1700 – Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53

1729 – Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer (b. 1665)

1767 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (b. 1710)

1797 – Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 71

1825 – Tsar Alexander I of Russia (b. 1777). Reigned from 1801

 

 

 

1842 – Philip Spencer1st US naval officer condemned for mutinyhanged

 

 

 

 

 

1866 – George EverestWelsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest (d. 1790)

 

 

 

 

 

1892 – Joseph Lippens, Belgian lieutenant in Congo, murdered

1916 – Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld, French explorer, dies at 58

1934 – Sergei M Kirov, Josef Stalin’s collaborator, assassinated in Leningrad

1935 – Bernard Schmidt, inventor (Schmidt camera), dies

1947 – Aleister Edward S Crowley, British occultist, dies at 72

1964 – J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (b. 1892)

 

 

 

1969 – Magic SamAmerican blues guitarist and singer (b. 1937)

 

Magic Sam’s Boogie

Stop!You’re Hurting Me

Sweet Home Chicago

Easy Baby

 

 

 

 

1973 – David Ben-Gurion, founding father of Israel, dies in Tel Aviv at 87

1986 – [Irving] Lee Dorsey, [Kid Chocolate], US boxer/singer, dies at 59

1987 – Donn Fulton Eisele, Col USAF/astronaut, dies of a heart attack at 57

1987 – James Arthur Baldwin, writer (Another Country), dies at 63

1991 – George Joseph Stigler, US economist (Nobel 1982), dies at 80

 

 

 

1997 – Stephane GrappelliFrench jazz violinistdies at 89

 

How High The Moon

As Time Goes By

Jeepers Creepers with Django Reinhardt

Sweet Georgia Brown

 

 

 

 

2003 – Eugenio Monti, Italian bobsledder (b. 1928)

2005 – Gust Avrakotos, American intelligence case officer (b. 1938)

2006 – Bruce Trigger, Canadian archaeologist (McGill University) (b. 1937)

2008 – Paul Benedict, American actor (b. 1938)

2011 – Christa Wolf, German writer (b. 1929)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

306 – St Marcellus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

722 – Pope Gregory II names Boniface as missionary bishop

1215 – Pope Innocent III closes 4th council of Lateranen

1406 – Angelo Correr elected Pope Gregory XII

1523 – Amsterdam bans assembly of heretics

1630 – 16,000 inhabitants of Venice died this month of plague

1648 – English army captures King Charles I

1700 – King Charles XII of Sweden defeats Russia at Narva [NS]

1700 – Turkey declares war on Russia

1731 – Beijing hit by Earthquake; about 100,000 die

1776 – Capt Cook begins 3rd & last trip to Pacific (South Sea)

1782 – Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence

1803 – Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France

1804 – Impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase begins

1824 – First ground is broken at Allenburg for the building of the original Welland Canal.

1829 – First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, 5 years to the day from the ground breaking.

1838 – Mexico declares war on France

1861 – Harper’s Weekly publishes EE Beers’ “All quiet along the Potomac”

1863 – Confederate troops vacate Fort Esperanza, Texas

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Franklin TennesseeConfederate attack fails7,700 casualties

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Honey Hill SC (Broad River) 96 dead/665 wounded

1866 – Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel, Chicago

1872 – 1st intl soccer game, Scotland-England 0-0 (Glasgow)

1886 – 1st commercially successful AC electric power plant opens, Buffalo

1886 – The Folies Bergère stages its first revue.

1900 – A German engineer patents front-wheel drive for automobiles

1902 – American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.

 

 

 

1922 – 1st speed test of 1st genuine Japanese aircraft carrier Hosho

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC)

1931 – His Master’s Voice & Columbia Records merge into EMI

1933 – CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District

 

 

 

1936 – London’s Crystal Palace (built 1851), destroyed by fire

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – 3rd Heisman Trophy Award: Clint Frank, Yale (HB)

1938 – Germany bans Jews being lawyers

1939 – 21 U boats sunk this month (52,000 ton)

1940 – 32 U boats sunk this month (147,000 ton)

1940 – Lucille Ball weds Desi Arnaz

1941 – 101 year old Nyack-Tarrytown (NY) ferry makes it’s last run

1941 – 13 U boats sunk this month (62,000 ton)

1942 – -Dec 1st: Sea battle at Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal

1942 – 109 U boats sunk this month (729,000 ton)

1942 – German scout ship Altmark explode & sinks off Yokohama

1947 – Arab terrorist campaign opens in Palestine

1947 – Day after UN decree for Israel, Jewish settlements attacked

1953 – French parachutist under Col De Castries attacks Dien Bien Phu

1954 – 1st meteorite known to strike a woman (Liz Hodges-Sylacauga Ala)

1954 – 20th Heisman Trophy Award: Alan Ameche, Wisconsin (FB)

1956 – 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

1956 – Floyd Patterson KOs Archie Moore in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1957 – Assassination attempt on Indonesian president Sukarno, kills 8

1958 – 1st guided missile destroyer launched, Dewey, Bath, Me

1961 – USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership

1967 – People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen declares independence from UK

1967 – People’s Rep of South Yemen (Aden) gains independence from Britain

1967 – Sen Eugene McCarthy begins run for US presidency

1971 – TV movie “Brian’s Song,” airs for 1st time on ABC-TV

1972 – BBC bans Wings “Hi, Hi, Hi”

1972 – Illegal fireworks factory explodes killing 15 (Rome Italy)

1973 – Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Jim Godman

 

 

 

1974 – Lucy (Australopithecus) is discovered by Donald Johanson, Maurice TaiebYves Coppens and Tim White in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression.

 

 

 

 

 

1976 – 42nd Heisman Trophy Award: Tony Dorsett, Pittsburgh (RB)

1979 – Ted Koppel becomes anchor of nightly news on Iranian Hostages (ABC)

1982 – STS-6 vehicle moves to launch pad

1982 – US sub Thomas Edison collides with US Navy destroyer in So China Sea

1983 – Police free kidnapped beer magnate Alfred Heineken in Amsterdam

1983 – Radio Shack announces Tandy Model 2000 computer (80186 chip)

1986 – Ivan Lendl is 1st tennis player to earn over $10 million, lifetime

1987 – Afghanistan Constitution adopted

1988 – NYC furrier sues Mike Tyson for $92,000 for non payment of purchase

1988 – Soviets stop jamming Radio Liberty; 1st time in 38 yrs

1988 – UN General Assembly (151-2) censures US for refusing PLO’s Arafat visa

1988 – Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buys RJR Nabisco for $25.07 billion USD.

1989 – Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a Red Army Faction terrorist bomb.

1990 – Actor Burt Lancaster suffers a stroke

1991 – 1st world championship of women’s soccer, US defeats Norway 2-1

1991 – 93 cars & 11 truck accident near SF during a dust storm, 17 die

1991 – San Diego State’s Marshall Faulk is 1st freshman to capture national rushing & scoring titles

 

 

 

1993 – President Clinton signs Brady Gun Control Bill

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – Cruiser Achille Lauro destroyed by fire at Somalia, 4 die

1995 – Official end of Operation Desert Storm.

1998 – Deutsche Bank announces a $10 billion USD deal to buy Bankers Trust, thus creating the largest financial institution in the world.

1999 – In Seattle, Washington, United States, protests against the WTO meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.

1999 – British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe’s largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.

2004 – Department of Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge resigns.

2004 – Longtime Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings of Salt Lake City, Utah finally loses, leaving him with $2,520,700 USD, television’s all-time biggest game show haul.

2005 – John Sentamu becomes the first African American archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.

2007 – Hillary Clinton presidential campaign office hostage crisis: Leeland Eisenberg entered the campaign office of Hillary Clinton in Rochester, New Hampshire with a device suspected of being a bomb and held three people hostage for 5 hours.

 

 

 

Births

538 – St Gregory of ToursAuvergne, Gaulchronicler/bishop (Historia Francorum), (d. 594)(see UE 11/17 Deaths)

 

 

 

 

 

1340 – John duke of Berry, captain of Paris/art collector

1364 – John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (d. 1390)

1373 – Ferdinand I, the Righteous, king of Aragon/Sicily

1427 – Kazimierz IV, king of Poland (1447-92)

1466 – Andrea Doria, Genoese statesman/admiral

1485 – Veronica Gambara, Italian poetess

1498 – Andrés de Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friar, sail-captain and explorer (d. 1568)

1508 – Andrea Palladio, [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola], architect

1554 – Philip Sidney, England, poet/statesman/soldier (Arcadia)

1637 – Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (d. 1698)

 

 

 

1667 – Jonathan SwiftDublinsatirist (Gulliver’s TravelsA Modest Proposal), (d. 1745)

 

 

 

 

 

1723 – William Livingston, revolutionary Governor of New Jersey (d. 1790)

1756 – Ernst Chladni, German physicist (d. 1827)

1768 – Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)

1781 – Alexander Berry, British adventurer (d. 1873)

 

 

 

1810 – Oliver Fisher Winchesterrifle maker (Winchester)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1817 – Theodor Mommsen, Germ, historian/author (Imperial Lives, Nobel 1902)

1826 – George Washington Deitzler, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1827 – Ernest H Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants)

1828 – Jedediah Hotchkiss, Engineer (Confederate Army), died in 1899

 

 

 

1835 – Mark Twain, [Samuel L Clemens], author (Tom SawyerHuckleberry Finn)

 

 

 

 

 

1840 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman (d. 1928)

1858 – Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (d. 1937)

 

 

 

1863 – Andres Bonifacioleader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain

 

 

 

 

 

1869 – Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1937)

1872 – Dr. John McCrae, Canadian physician and soldier (d. 1918)

 

 

 

1874 – Winston ChurchillBrit PM (1940-451951-55Nobel 1953)

 

 

 

 

 

1874 – Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (d. 1942)

1885 – Albrecht (von) Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Poland/Netherland)

1889 – Edgar D Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932)

1890 – John Tasker Howard, composer

1890 – Oege Bakker, Dutch economist

1903 – Germaine Emilie Madame Gres Krebs, haute Couturist

1904 – Philip H Burton, Welsh director/acting teacher (Richard Burton)

1907 – Jacques Barzun, France, author (The House of Interlect), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1909 – Robert NighthawkAmerican Bluesman , Guitarist (d. 1967)

 

ANNA LEE

Return Mail Blues

Honey Hush

My Sweet Lovin’ Woman

 

 

 

 

1910 – Paul Cerutti, Monaco, trap shooter, disqualified for drugs in 76 oly

1912 – Gordon Parks, Ft Scott KS, film director/author (Learning Tree)

1915 – Henry Taube, chemist (Nobel 1983)

 

 

 

1915 – Walter Brown “Brownie” McGheeKnoxville TennesseeAmerican blues singer/guitarist

 

Born and Livin’ With The Blues                                                     Walk On

Good Morning Blues                                                    Key to the Highway

Don’t Pity Me                                                                    Hootin’ the Blues

 

 

 

 

1918 – Efren Zimbalist Jr, NYC, actor (77 Sunset Strip, FBI, Scruples)

1920 – Virginia Mayo, St Louis Mo, actress (Out of the Blue, White Heat)

1922 – Robert Evett, composer

1924 – Allan Sherman, parody singer/songwriter (Hello Muddah, Hello Fardah )

1926 – Richard Crenna, LA Cal, actor (Rambo, Summer Rental, Sand Pebbles)

1927 – Robert Guillaume, [Williams], St Louis Mo, actor (Benson, Soap)

 

 

 

1930 – G[eorge] Gordon LiddyFBI/Author/Watergate felon/radio host

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – James Felton Boyd, Rocky Mount NC, light HW boxer (Olympic-gold-1956)

1930 – William H Dana, Pasadena California, test pilot (X-15)

1931 – Bill Walsh, NFL coach (SF 49ers)/sportscaster

1931 – Jack Ging, Alva Ok, actor (11th Hour, Ripcord, Tales of Wells Fargo)

1933 – Norman Deeley, English footballer (d. 2007)

1936 – Abbie Hoffman, aka Free, Yippie/activist/author (Steal this Book)

1937 – Paul Stookey, Balt, singer (Peter, Paul & Mary-Wedding Song)

1937 – Richard Threlkeld, newscaster (ABC-TV)

1937 – Ridley Scott, director (Alien, Blade Runner)

1943 – J[ames] J[ay] Barnes, US gospel/singer (Please Let Me In)

1943 – Leo Lyons, Standbridge Beds, rock bassist (Ten Years After)

1944 – Luther T Ingram, US singer/songwriter (I’ll Be Your Shelter)

1944 – Rob Grill, LA California, rock bassist/vocalist (Grass Roots)

1945 – Roger Glover, British hard rock bassist (Episode Six-Deep Purple)

 

 

 

1947 – David MametChicagoplaywright/dir (Speed the PlowHouse of Games)

 

 

 

 

 

1949 – Arthur Lee Washington Jr, Neptune NJ, murderer (FBI Most Wanted)

1950 – Kathryn Witt, Miami Fla, actress (Lenny, Pam-Flying High)

1950 – Margaret Whitton, Balt Md, actress (Good & Evil, Major League)

1951 – Christian Bernard, mystic

1952 – Mandy Patinkin, Chicago Il, actor/singer (Yentl, Alien Nation)

1952 – Keith Giffen, American comic book writer and artist

 

 

 

1953 – Shuggie Otisrocker , Blues Guitarist

 

 

Strawberry Letter 23

Johnny Otis with Shuggie Otis & Roy Buchanan

Rare Acoustic Jam with Frank Zappa

Shuggie’s Shuffle

 

 

 

 

1954 – George McArdle, rock bassist (Little River Band Melbourne

1954 – June Pointer, singer (Pointer Sisters-I’m So excited)

1955 – Billy Idol, [William Broad], rocker (White Wedding)

1957 – John Ashton, English guitarist (Psychedelic Furs)

1957 – Colin Mochrie, Scottish-born Canadian comedian

1958 – Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder

1958 – Stacey Q, American singer

1959 – Sylvia Hanika, Munich West Germany, tennis player (Avon-1982)

1959 – Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist

1961 – Innocent Egbunike, Nigeria, 4x400m runner (Olympic-bronze-1984)

 

 

 

1962 – Bo Jacksonbaseball/football player , Heisman Trophy , Auburn (KC RoyalsLA Raiders)

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Ben Stiller, NYC, actor (Ben Stiller Show, Next of Kin, Cable Guy)

1966 – Ed Kemper, American serial killer

1968 – Des’ree, English singer

1968 – Laurent Jalabert, French cyclist

1970 – Corrina Kennedy, Saskatoon Saskatchawan, kayaker (Olympics-96)

1970 – Natalie Williams, Long Beach California, volleyball outside hitter (Oly-96)

1975 – Mindy McCready, country/western singer

1976 – Cypher Zero, American circus innovator (New York Circus Arts)

1978 – Clay Aiken, American singer

1978 – Gael García Bernal, Mexican actor

1979 – Chris Atkinson, Australian rally driver

1982 – Elisha Cuthbert, Canadian actress

1987 – Vasilisa Bardina, Russian tennis player

1987 – Ian Hecox, Part of the America Online comedy duo Smosh

1989 – Chanel Iman, American supermodel

1990 – Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess Grandmaster

1994 – Nyjah Huston, American skateboarder

 

 

 

Deaths

1016 – Edmund II, Ironsides, King of the Saxons (1016), dies at 27

1519 – Michael Wolgemut, German painter (Weltchronik), dies at about 85

1528 – Great Wierd, Dutch Gelderland army commander, beheaded

1631 – Rabbi Samuel Eliezer ben Judah ha-levi Edels, dies

1646 – John C Lichthart, admiral (Cape Augustine), dies at about 45

1654 – John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar (b. 1584)

1675 – Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)

1679 – Pieter van Schooten, Dutch mathematician/fort architect, dies at 45

1694 – Marcello Malpighi, father of microscopic anatomy, dies

1718 – Charles XII, king of Sweden (1697-1718), dies during a siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway at 36

1761 – John Dollond, British optician (b. 1706)

1765 – George Glas, British merchant and adventurer (b. 1725)

 

 

 

1864 – Hiram Bronson GranburyConfederate brigadier generaldies in the Battle of Franklin at 33

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – John AdamsUS Confederate brigadier generaldies in the Battle of Franklin at about 39

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Otho French StrahlUS Confederate brigadier generaldies in the Battle of Franklin at 33

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Patrick Ronayne CleburneUS Confederate brigadier generaldies in the Battle of Franklin at 33

 

 

 

 

 

1893 – Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian, dies at 68

 

 

 

1900 – Oscar WildeIrish authordies in Paris at 46

 

 

 

 

 

1901 – Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica), dies at 86

1933 – Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian general (b. 1875)

1934 – Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix (b. 1908)

 

 

 

1947 – Ernst Lubitschactor/director (Anna BoleynNinotchka), dies

 

DESIGN FOR LIVING

To Be or Not to Be

The Shop Around The Corner

Ninotchka

 

 

 

 

1958 – Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (b. 1888)

1972 – Neil H McElroy, soap manufacturer/minister of Defense (1957-59), dies

1977 – Terrence Rattigan, British writer and playwright (b. 1911)

1979 – Zeppo Marx, [Herbert], US comic (Marx Brothers), dies at 78

1987 – James Baldwin, writer (Go Tell it on the Mountain), dies at 63

1989 – Alfred Herrhausen, German CEO (Deutsche Bank), murdered at 59

1990 – Norman Cousins, editor (Saturday Review), dies at 75

1994 – Connie Conrad Henry Kirnon Kay, jazz Drummer, dies at 67

1994 – Irwin Kostal, US arranger/conductor (Sound of Music), dies at 83

1996 – Koji Kobayashi, industrialist, dies at 89

1996 – Tiny Tim, [Herbert Khaury], entertainer (Tip Toe), dies at 71

 

 

 

1999 – Charlie ByrdAmerican jazz guitarist (b. 1925)(see UE 9/16 Births)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2003 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (b. 1906)

 

 

 

2007 – Evel KnievelAmerican motorcycle daredevilat 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist (b. 1948)

2010 – Rajiv Dixit, Indian scientist and Swadeshi movement figure (b. 1967)

2010 – Faye Wright, American spiritual figure (b. 1914)

2010 – Garry Gross, American photographer (b. 1937)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

526 – Antioch in modern day Syria struck by Earthquake, about 250,000 die

799 – Pope Leo III, aided by Charles the Great, returns to Rome

1349 – Jews of Augsburg Germany massacred

1516 – Treaty of Freiburg] French/Swiss “eternal” peace treaty

1581 – Doornik surrenders to duke of Parma

1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlies army moves into Manchester & occupy Carlisle

1760 – French commandant Beletre surrenders Detroit to Maj R Rogers

1775 – Sir James Jay invents invisible ink

 

 

 

1781 – The crew of the slave ship Zong murders 133 Africans by dumping them into the sea in order to claim insurance.

 

 

 

 

 

1812 – Napoleon’s Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia

1830 – November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia’s rule in Poland begins.

 

 

 

1847 – Indians kill Washington state pioneers Marcus & Narcissa Whitmanand 12 others in Walla Walla Ore

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Ft Sanders, TN (Ft Loudon), 8-900 casualities

1864 – 4th & last day of skirmishes at Waynesboro, Georgia

1864 – Battle of Spring Hill, TN (Thomason’s Station)

 

 

 

1864 – Sand Creek MassacreColorado militia kills about 150 peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians including Cheyenne chief One-Eye

 

 

 

 

 

 

1870 – Compulsory education proclaimed in England

1872 – Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.

1877 – Thomas Edison demonstrates hand-cranked phonograph

1887 – US receives rights to Pearl Harbor, on Oahu, Hawaii

1890 – 1st Army-Navy football game, Score: Navy 24, Army 0 at West Point

1897 – 1st motorcycle race (Surrey England)

1900 – Lord Kitchener succeeds lord Roberts up as supreme commander in S Afr

1902 – Gerhart Hauptmanns “Der arnë Heinrich,” premieres in Vienna

1910 – The first US patent for inventing the traffic lights system is issued to Ernest Sirrine.

 

 

 

1915 – Fire destroys most of the buildings on Santa Catalina IslandCalifornia.

 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 

 

 

1916 – US declares martial law in Dominican Republic

1929 – Lt Cmdr Richard E Byrd sends “My calculations indicate that we have reached vicinity of South Pole” (He was wrong)

1933 – 1st state liquor stores authorized (Pennsylvania)

1934 – Chic Bears beat Detroit (19-16) in 1st NFL game broadcast nationally

1937 – Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in Netherlands

1939 – Cor Klint swims world record 200 m backstroke (2:38.8)

1941 – Passenger ship Lurline sends radio signal of sighting Jap war fleet

1942 – US rations coffee

1943 – US aircraft carrier Hornet launched

1944 – Albania liberated from Nazi control (Natl Day)

1944 – John Hopkins hospital performs 1st open heart surgery

1947 – UN Gen Assembly partitions Palestine between Arabs & Jews

1948 – “Kukla, Fran, & Ollie” debuted on NBC

1949 – Nationalist regime of China leaves for Taiwan/Formosa

1949 – Uranium mine explosions in East Germany kills 3,700

1951 – 1st underground atomic explosion, Frenchman Flat Nevada

1952 – Pres-elect Eisenhower visits Korea to assess war

1953 – American Airlines begins 1st regular coml NY-LA air service

1960 – 26th Heisman Trophy Award: Joe Bellino, Navy (HB)

1961 – Freedom Riders attacked by white mob at bus station in Miss

1961 – John A McCone replaces Allen W Dulles as 6th director of CIA

 

 

 

1961 – Mercury-Atlas 5 carries a chimp (Enosto orbit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1962 – Great-Britain & France decide to jointly build Concorde

1963 – LBJ sets up Warren Comm to investigate assassination of JFK

1967 – British troops withdraw from Aden and South Yemen

1967 – Robert McNamara elected president of World bank

1972 – Nolan Bushnell (co-founder of Atari) releases Pong (the first commercially successful video game) in Andy Capp’s Tavern in Sunnyvale, California.

1975 – Kilauea Volcano erupts in Hawaii

1978 – UN observes “international day of solidarity with Palestinian people,” boycotted by US & about 20 other countries

1987 – Joe Montana of 49ers completes NFL record 22 consecutive passes

1987 – A Korean Air Boeing 707 explodes over the Thai-Burmese border, killing 155.

1990 – UN Security Council sets Jan 15th military deadline against Iraq

1994 – Seoul, Korea, celebrated the 600th anniversary of its founding

2007 – The Armed Forces of the Philippines lay siege to The Peninsula Manila after soldiers led by Senator Antonio Trillanes stage a mutiny.

 

 

 

Births

1229 – Louis II, the Stern, ruler (upper Baveria)

1338 – Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England (d. 1368)

1427 – Zhengtong, Emperor of China (d. 1464)

1627 – John Ray, English naturalist (d. 1705)

1752 – Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (d. 1819)

1762 – Pierre André Latreille, French zoologist (d. 1833)

1797 – Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, composer

 

 

 

1803 – Christian DopplerSalzburgAustriaphysicist (Doppler effect), (d. 1853)

 

 

 

 

 

1803 – Gottfried Semper, German architect (d. 1879)

1811 – Wendell Phillips, women’s suffrage/antislavery/prison reformer

 

 

 

1815 – Stephen Augustus HurlbutMjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1882

 

 

 

 

 

1825 – Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (d. 1893)

1832 – Louisa May Alcott, Germantown Pa, author (Little Women)

1833 – Louis Douglass Watkins, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1834 – Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1835 – Empress Dowager Cixi, Chinese ruler (d. 1908)

1849 – Ambrose Fleming, inventor (diode)

1857 – Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911)

1874 – Antonio Egas Moniz, Portugal, lobotomist (Nobel 1949)

 

 

 

1894 – Yakima Canutt, [Enos Edward], Colfax WAAmerican stuntman actor/director 

 

 

 

 

 

1895 – Busby Berkeley, Los Angeles CA, choreographer

1895 – William V S Tubman, (Whig), 17th Liberian president (1943-70)

1896 – Philip L Carret, Lynn Mass, CEO (Pioneer Fund)

 

 

 

1898 – C S Lewis [Clive Staples], Belfastsci-fi author (Silver Chair), (d. 1963)

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – Carlo Levi, Italy, painter/novelist (Of Fear & Freedom)

1904 – Egon Eiermann, German architect (d. 1970)

1911 – Klaus EJ Fuchs, German/British atomic physicist/spy

1915 – Earl W Sutherland, US pharmacologist (Nobel 1971)

1915 – Billy Strayhorn, American musician and composer (d. 1967)

1917 – Merle Travis, Muhlenberg County KY, country singer (16 Tons) (d. 1983)

1918 – Herb Shriner, Toledo Ohio, host/humorist (Herb Shriner Show)

1918 – Madeleine L’Engle, [Franklin], US, sci-fi author (Ilsa, Love Letters)

1922 – Benjamin Smit, Curacaos architect (St Elizabeth Hospital)

1927 – Vin[ce] Scully, sportscaster (NBC Baseball Game of the Week)

1931 – André Noyelle, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)

1932 – Diane Ladd, Meridian Miss, actress (Wild Angels, Wild at Heart)

 

 

 

1933 – John MayallMacClesfield Englandblues musician (Don’t Waste My Time)

 

 

Hideaway with Eric Clapton

Stormy Monday with Albert King

So Many Roads with Gary Moore

Don’t Start Me Talkin with Buddy Guy & Junior Wells

 

 

 

 

1940 – Chuck MangioneRochester NYjazz hornist (Chasing the Clouds Away)

 

Feels So Good

Children Of Sanchez

Give It All You Got

Land of Make Believe

 

 

 

 

1942 – Felix Cavaliere, Pelham NY, rock keyboardist (Rascals-Lonely too Long)

1945 – Roger Bambuck, Guadeloupe, French 4X100 runner (Olympic-bronze-1968)

1946 – Suzy Chaffee, US, skier/chapstick user (Olympics-1968)

1946 – Silvio Rodríguez, Cuban poet

1947 – Ronnie Montrose, Denver, Colorado, American guitarist, (d. 2012)

1949 – Garry Shandling, AZ, comedian (Garry Shandling, Larry Sanders Show)

1949 – Kenneth D Cameron, Cleve Oh, Lt Col USMC/astronaut (STS 37, 56, 74)

1949 – Stan Rogers, Canadian folk musician and songwriter (d. 1983)

1950 – Kevin O’Donnell Jr, US, sci-fi author (Caverns, Reefs, Lava)

1951 – Barry Goudreau, Boston Mass, rock guitarist (Boston)

1954 – Joel Coen, Minneapolis Mn, actor/dir (Spies Like Us, Barton Fink)

1955 – Howie Mandel, Toronto Canada, comedian (Dr Wayne Fiscus-St Elsewhere)

1956 – Hinton Battle, American dancer

1956 – Leo Laporte, American television personality

1957 – Matthew Rubel, CEO of Collective Brands Licensing

1962 – Andrew McCarthy, NYC, actor (St Elmo’s Fire, Class)

1965 – Ellen Cleghorne, comedienne (Saturday Night Live)

1967 – Sean Carlin, Australian hammer thrower (Olympics-8-1992, 96)

1968 – Pedro A Martinez, Villa Mella Dom Rep, pitcher (NY Mets)

1969 – J-Me Carney, cyclist (Olympics-96)

 

 

 

1969 – Mariano RiveraPanama City Panamapitcher (NY Yankees)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – Amy Peterson, Maplewood Minn, short track skater (Olympics-1994)

1971 – Gena Lee Nolin, actress/model (Baywatch)

1976 – Anna Faris, American actress

1979 – Simon Amstell, English comedian and television presenter

 

 

 

1982 – Ashley ForceAmerican racecar driver

 

 

 

 

Deaths

561 – Chlotarius I, king of the France (558-61), dies at about 61

917 – Radboud, bishop of Utrecht/Deventer (900-17)/saint, dies

1253 – Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1206)

1268 – Clement IV, [Guido Fulcodi], Pope (1265-68), dies

1314 – Philip IV, the Handsome, King of France (1285-1314), (b. 1268)

1330 – Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (b. 1287)

1378 – Charles IV, Roman-German King/German emperor (Univ of Prague), dies

1530 – Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal,adviser and Lord Chancellor, (1514-29) to England’s King Henry VIII (approx. 60)

 

 

 

1595 – Alonso de Ercilla y ZúñigaBasque soldieand poet (b. 1533)

 

 

 

 

 

1626 – Ernst, Graf von Mansfield, German soldier (c. 1580)

1646 – Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer (b. 1565)

1699 – Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)

1759 – Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1687)

1797 – Samuel Langdon, American President of Harvard University (b. 1723)

 

 

 

1872 – Horace GreeleyUS founder/publisher (NY Tribune), dies at 61

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – Giacomo Puccini, Ital composer (Mme Butterfly), dies in Brussels at 65

1953 – Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator and animator (b. 1895)

1957 – Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Austria/US composer (Kathrin), dies at 60

1972- Carl Stalling, American composer (b. 1888)

1974 – Haroldson L Hunt, US multi-millionaire, dies at 85

1974 – James J. Braddock, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1905)

1976 – Godfrey Cambridge, actor (Watermelon Man), dies at 43

1981 – Natalie Wood, actress (West Side Story), drowns at 43 (suicide)

1984 – Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (b. 1900)

 

 

 

1986 – Cary Grantactor (Charade), dies in Davenport Iowa at 82

 

Cary Grant receiving an Honorary Oscar®

Cary Grant tribute narrated by Michael Caine

Bringing Up Baby

Monkey Business with Marilyn Monroe

 

 

 

 

1991 – Ralph Bellamy, actor (Rosemary’s Baby, His Girl Friday), dies at 87

1992 – Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (Jackie Kennedy), dies at 78

1992 – Jean Dieudonné, French mathematician (b. 1906)

1993 – JRD Tata, Indies industrialist (Air-India), dies at 89

1999 – Gene Rayburn, American game show host (b. 1917)

2001 – George Harrison, English singer, guitarist and songwriter (b. 1943)

2004 – John Drew Barrymore, American actor (b. 1929)

2005 – Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (b. 1958)

2007 – Roger Bonham Smith, Former chairman and CEO of General Motors (b. 1925)

2007 – Tom Terrell, musicologist, NPR reviewer, deejay (b. 1950)

2008 – Jørn Utzon, Danish architect (b. 1918)

2010 – Maurice Wilkes, British computer scientist (b. 1913)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

===

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

587 – Treaty of Andelot: King Guntram takes cousin Childebert II as heir

1443 – Albanian George Kastriotis Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania from the Ottomans and raise the Albanian flag.

1520 – Ferdinand Magellan begins crossing Pacific Ocean

1569 – Duke of Alva forces bishop Nicolaas van Nieuwland of Haarlem to resign

 

 

 

1729 – Natchez Indians massacre 138 Frenchmen35 French womenand 56 children at Fort Rosalienear the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi.

 

 

 

 

 

1775 – 2nd Continental Congress formally establishes US Navy( Rules for the Regulation of the Navy of the United Colonies, the first regulations of the Navy.)

 

 

 

 

 

1795 – US pays $800,000 & a frigate as tribute to Algiers & Tunis

1814 – The Times in London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.

1861 – Confederate congress officially admits Missouri to Confederate Army

1862 – Battle at Cane Hill, Arkansas (475 casualties)

1862 – Battle of Hooly Spring, MS

 

 

 

1864 – 3rd day of Battles at Waynesboro/Jones’s PlantationGeorgia

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of New Creek, WV (Rosser’s Raid, Ft Kelly)

1871 – Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in SC

1879 – Battle at Lydenburg South Africa: Gen Wolseley beats Sekhukhenes Pedi-Zulu

1895 – America’s 1st auto race starts; 6 cars, 55 miles, winner avg 7 MPH

1899 – Battle of Mud river (Boer general. Cronjé beats British gen Methuen)

1904 – Germany defeats Hottentotten in Warmbad SW-Africa

1907 – In Haverhill, Massachusetts, scrap-metal dealer Louis B. Mayer opens his first movie theater.

1908 – 154 men die in coal mine explosion at Marianna Pa

1911 – Zapata proclaims Plan of Ayala Mexico

1913 – Heavyweight Jack Johnson KOs Andre Spaul in Paris

1914 – World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.

1916 – 1st (German) air attack on London

1919 – US-born Lady Astor elected 1st female member of British Parliament

 

 

 

1920 – Kilmichael AmbushBattle of the Irish War of Independence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – Capt Cyril Turner (RAF) gives 1st skywriting exhibition (NYC) Turner spelled out “Hello USA. Call Vanderbilt 7200.” 47,000 called

1925 – Grand Ole Opry premieres as WSM Barn Dance on WSM radio Nashville Tn

1929 – Adm Richard E Byrd makes 1st South Pole flight

1938 – 4th Heisman Trophy Award: Davey O’Brien, Texas Christian (QB)

 

 

 

 1942Cocoanut Grove nightclub fire kills 492 (Boston Mass)

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

1944 – 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp

1944 – 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse

1948 – “Hopalong Cassidy” premieres on TV

1948 – 1st Polaroid camera sold

1951 – John Van Druten’s “I am a Camera,” premieres in NYC

1951 – Military coup under Col Adib el-Shishakli in Syria

1957 – Warren Spahn of the Braves wins Cy Young Award

1958 – US reports 1st full-range firing of an ICBM

 

 

 

1961 – Ernest Davis is 1st black to win Heisman Trophy

 

 

 

 

 

1963 – Crusher beats Verne Gagne in St Paul, to become NWA champ

1967 – 33rd Heisman Trophy Award: Gary Beban, UCLA (QB)

1972 – LA Dodgers trade Frank Robinson to California Angels

1978 – 44th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Sims, Oklahoma (RB)

1981 – Bear Bryant wins his 315th game to out distance Alonzo Stagg & become college football’s winningest coach

1984 – Over 250 years after their deaths, William Penn and his wife Hannah Callowhill Penn are made Honorary Citizens of the United States.

1985 – 6th Belgium government of Martens forms

1986 – Hilbert van der Duim skates 1 hour world record 39.4928 km

1986 – Reagan administration exceeds SALT II arms limitations for 1st time

1990 – Margaret Thatcher resigns as Britain’s PM, replaced by John Majors

1994 – Norway votes against joining European Union

 

 

 

1994 – In Portage, Wisconsin, convicted serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is clubbed to death by an inmate in the Columbia Correctional Institution gymnasium.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1995 – James Brady, former white house press sect, suffers a heart attack

1997 – Final episode of “Beavis & Butt-head,” on MTV

1997 – First public appearance of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), an ethnic Albanian guerrilla group that fought for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia.

2000 – Ukrainian politician Oleksander Moroz begins the Cassette Scandal by publicly accusing President Leonid Kuchma of involvement in the murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze.

 

 

 

Births

1118 – Manuel I Komnenos, Greek Byzantine Emperor (d. 1180)

1489 – Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (d. 1541)

1570 – James Whitelocke, English judge (d. 1632)

1628 – John Bunyan, England, cleric/author (Pilgrim’s Progress)

1640 – Willem de Vlamingh, Flemish sea captain (c. 1648)

1650 – John Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps) [or Nov 25]

1681 – Jean Cavalier, French Protestant rebel leader (d. 1740)

1700 – Nathaniel Bliss, Astronomer Royal (d. 1764)

1757 – William Blake, London, poet/painter (Songs of Innocence & Experience), (d. 1827)

1772 – Luke Howard, British meteorologist (d. 1864)

1793 – Carl Jonas Love Almquist, Swedish composer (Tornrosens Buck)

1795 – Adolf Bernhard Marx, composer

1805 – John Stephens, US archaeologist; founded study of Central America

 

 

 

1810 – William FroudeEnglandengineer/naval architect

 

 

 

 

 

1820 – Friedrich Engels, Germany, social philosopher; Marx’s collaborator

1820 – Lawrence O’Bryan Branch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1837 – John Wesley Hyatt, inventor (celluloid)

1853 – Helen Magill White, first American woman to earn a Ph.D. (d. 1944)

 

 

 

1866 – Henry Baconarchitect (Lincoln Memorial)

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – Ernst Rohm, German staff member/Bolivian leader/SA

1894 – Brooks Atkinson, drama critic (Broadway theater namesake)

1902 – Victor Jory, Dawson City Canada, actor (Kings Row, Manhunt)

1908 – Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist

1920 – Cecilia Colledge, England, figure skater (Olympic-silver-1936)

1928 – Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist (d.1980)

1929 – Berry Gordy Jr, Detroit, record company owner (Motown)

1931 – Hope Lange, Redding Ridge Ct, actress (Ghost & Mrs Muir)

 

 

 

1940 – Clem Curtisrockersinger , Foundations

 

 

Build Me Up Buttercup

Baby, Now That I’ve Found You

 

1941 – Laura Antonelli, Pola Yugoslavia, actress (Wifemistress, Divine Nymph)

1943 – Randy Newman, New Orleans, vocalist (Short People, Love LA, Raindrops)

1944 – Rita Mae Brown, actress (Long Hot Summer, Slumber Party Massacre)

1946 – Joe Dante, director (Matinee, Twilight Zone, Police Squad, Gremlins)

1946 – Susan Spencer, NY, correspondent (48 Hours) [1946 approx]

1949 – Alexander Godunov, Russia, composer/dancer (Bolshoi) defected 1979

1949 – Hugh McKenna, rocker (Alex Harvey Band)

1949 – Paul Shaffer, Thunder Bay Ont, orchestra leader (SNL, David Letterman)

 

 

 

1949 – Victor OstrovskyCanadian/IsraelMossad agent (By Way of Deception)

 

 

 

 

 

1953 – Nadezhda Olizarenko, USSR, 800m/1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1980)

1958 – Dave Righetti, baseball pitcher (Yankees, Giants)

1958 – Kriss Akabusi, Great Britain, 4X400 runner (Olympic-silver-1984)

1959 – Judd Nelson, Portland ME, actor (Breakfast Club, Jack-Suddenly Susan)

1959 – R Glynn Holt, Plainveiw Texas, PhD/astronaut (STS 73 alt)

1962 – Karen Marsden, Perth Australia, field hockey goalie (Olympics-96)

1962 – Jon Stewart, American comedian

1964 – Cornelia Guest, debutante (Debutante’s Guide to Life)

1966 – Sam Seder, American comedian

1967 – Anna Nicole “Vickie” Smith, Houston Tex, playmate (May 1992)

1967 – Stephnie Weir, American comedian

1968 – Jonathan Brown, NYC, rower (Olympics-5th-1996)

1969 – Sonia O’Sullivan, Ireland, 5k runner (Olympics-4th-92, 96)

1970 – Jason Day, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

 

 

 

Deaths

741 – Syrian Catholic Pope Saint Gregory III

1058 – Kazimierz I Restaurator, duke of Poland (1034-58), dies

1170 – Owain Gwynedd, King of Gwynedd (c. 1100)

1262 – Shinran, founder of Japan’s True Pure Land Buddhist sect, dies

1290 – Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I of England (b. 1241)

 

 

 

1499 – Edward Plantagenet17th Earl of Warwickbeheaded

 

 

 

 

 

 

1514 – Hartmann Skull, German physician/historian (Skull’s Liederbuch), dies

1545 – Jacob van Liesveld, printer/”heretic” (Refeyen), beheaded

1667 – Jean de Thévenot, French traveller and scientist (b. 1633)

1675 – Leonard Hoar, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)

1675 – Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier (c. 1608)

1785 – William Whipple, merchant/judge/signer (US Declaration of Independence), dies at 55

 

 

 

1794 – Friedrich Wilhelm von SteubenPrussian/US inspector-general of Washington’s armydies at 64

 

 

 

 

 

1801 – Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)

1852 – Ludger Duvernay, French printer and newspaper publisher (b. 1799)

1859 – Washington Irving, US author (Geoffrey Crayon, gent), dies

1872 – Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)

1876 – Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian/German embryologist, dies at 84

1880 – Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (b. 1837)

1899 – Adrian the la Rey, son of South African general, dies in battle at 19

1912 – Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon (b. 1870)

1939 – James Naismith, creator of basketball, dies at 78

1944 – Joop Brouwer de Koning, youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25

1945 – Dwight Davis, donator of tennis’ Davis cup, dies

1947 – Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, WW II hero (liberator of Paris), dies at 44

 

 

 

1954 – Enrico FermiItalian/US physicist (Nobel 1938), dies at 53

 

 

 

 

 

1963 – Fred Uttal, TV host (QED), dies at 55

1971 – Wasfi Tal, Jordan’s PM, assassinated by Black Sept in Cairo

1976 – Rosalind Russell, actress (Mame), dies of cancer at 68

1983 – Christopher George, actor (Chisum, Heist), dies of heart attack at 54

1984 – Hans Speidel, German gen/NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), dies at 87

1987 – Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist prof (isolated growth hormones), dies at 74

1989 – Jo[hanne M Bos-]Vincent, Dutch soprano (Songs for Life), dies at 91

1993 – Abu Rish, Palestinian PLO-leader, dies at 23

1993 – Garry Moore, TV host (I’ve Got A Secret), dies of emphysema at 78

1993 – Khaled Moustapha Zir, Palestinian Hamas leader, shot to death at 25

1993 – Jerry Edmonton, Canadian drummer (Steppenwolf) (b. 1946)

1994 – Jeffrey Dahmer, [Butcher of Milwaukee], killer, killed in prison at 34

1994 – Jerry Rubin, US anti-war activist (Youth Party), dies at 56

1994 – Ronald “Buster” Edwards, Great Train Robber, commits suicide at 62

1997 – Georges Marchal, actor (Dirty Game, Blondine), dies at 77

2001 – William Reid, British aviator awarded the Victoria Cross (b. 1921)

 

 

 

2002 – Dave “Snaker” RayAmerican blues musician (b. 1943)

 

Rambling On My Mind

Just Your Fool

Route 66

 

 

 

 

2003 – Antonia Forest, British children’s author (b. 1915)

2006 – Robert Volpe, Artist ,Art Theft Detective (b.1942)

2007 – Gudrun Wagner, co-director of the Bayreuth Festival (b. 1944)

2009 – Takeo Kajiwara, Japanese Go player (b. 1923)

 

 

 

2010 – Leslie NielsenCanadian actor (b. 1926)

“Airplane!” & “The Naked Gun” Tribute

Scary Movie 3 Alien Invasion

Leslie Nielsen – Best Of

 

 

 

 

2010 – Samuel T. Cohen, American physicist (b. 1921)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

399 – St Anastasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1095 – Pope Urban II preaches 1st Crusade

1237 – Battle of Cortenuova: Emperor Frederik II vs Lombardische steden

1295 – The first elected representatives from Lancashire were called to Westminster by King Edward I to attend what later became known as “The Model Parliament”.

1382 – Battle of Westrozebeke/Roosebeke. French army defeats the Flemish army. Flemish leader Philip Van Artevelde killed and corpse displayed

1495 – Scottish king James IV receives bedrieger Perkin Warbeck

1582 – William Shakespeare marries Anne Hathaway

1587 – Dutch County Groningen flood by dike break

1703 – The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703.

1817 – US soldiers attack Florida Indian village, beginning Seminole War

1826 – John Walker invents friction match in England

1839 – American Statistical Association organizes in Boston

 

 

 

1863 – -29] Battle at Fort Esperanza Texas

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Payne’s Farm, VA

1864 – 2nd day of Battles at Waynesboro, Georgia

 

 

 

1868 – Battle at Washita River, OklahomaGeneral Custer attacks group of Native American Indianstheir chief Black Kettle dies in the attack

 

 

 

 

 

1885 – Earliest photograph of a meteor shower made

1889 – 1st permit issued to drive a car through Central Park (Curtis P Brady)

1890 – 1st signal box for SF Police Department goes into operation

1895 – Alfred Nobel establishes Nobel Prize

1901 – Gerhart Hauptmanns “Der rote Hahn,” premieres in Berlin

 

 

 

1901 – U.SArmy War College is established.

 

 

 

 

 

1910 – NY’s Penn Station opens as world’s largest railway terminal

1911 – Audience throws vegetables at actors for 1st recorded time in US

1924 – 57,000 watch a High School football game (LA & Polytechnic tie 7-7)

1924 – In New York City, the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.

1926 – 110,000 watch Army & Navy play a 21-all tie

 

 

 

1926 – Restoration of WilliamsburgVirginiabegins

 

 

 

 

 

1934 – Bank robber Baby Face Nelson dies in a shoot-out with the FBI.

1940 – 6th Heisman Trophy Award: Tom Harmon, Michigan (HB)

1941 – British 13th Army corp reaches Tobruk

1941 – USSR begins a counter offensive causes Germany to retreat

1942 – French navy at Toulon scuttles ships & subs so Nazis don’t take them

 

 

 

1943 – Conference of Teheran (Churchill-Roosevelt-Stalin)

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – 3,500-40,00 ton explosive, explodes in Staffordshire, 68 killed

1944 – US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen

1945 – Gen George C Marshall named special US envoy to China

1947 – Joe DiMaggio wins his 3rd MVP, beating Ted Williams by 1 vote

1948 – Honda 1st opens in America

1951 – 1st rocket to intercept an airplane, White Sands, NM

1951 – Cease-fire & demarcation zone accord signed in Panmunjon Korea

1954 – Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury.

1957 – Army withdraws for Little Rock Ark, after Central HS integration

1958 – USSR abrogates Allied war-time agreements on control of Germany

1960 – Gordie Howe becomes 1st NHLer to score 1,000 points

1960 – Patrice Lumumba flees Leopoldville Congo

1960 – Trailing 38-7 late in 3rd quarter, Buffalo Bills tie Broncos at 38-38

1961 – Gordie Howe becomes 1st to play in 1,000 NHL games

1962 – 1st test flight of the Boeing 727 takes place

1966 – In highest-scoring NFL game, Wash Redskins defeat NY Giants 72-41

1967 – Beatles release “Magical Mystery Tour”

1967 – Gold pool nations pledge support of $35 per ounce gold price

1970 – Pope Paul VI wounded in chest during a visit to Philippines by a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter disguised as a priest

1971 – Soviet Mars 2 becomes 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars

1972 – Pierre Trudeau forms Canadian government

1973 – Senate votes 92-3 to confirm Gerald R Ford as VP

 

 

 

1975 – The Provisional IRA assassinates Ross McWhirterafter a press conference in which McWhirter announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England.

 

 

 

 

 

1980 – Soyuz T-3 carries 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station, launched

1987 – Young man survives 7 attempts at suicide in Somerset England

1989 – Colombian jetliner bombed killing 107

1989 – US 63rd manned space mission STS 33 (Discovery 9) returns from space

1990 – Britain’s conservatives chose John Major to succeed Margaret Thatcher

1992 – Part of Vienna Hofburg destroyed by fire

1994 – Fire in disco in Fuxin, North-China, 233 killed

1997 – Twenty-five are killed in the second Souhane massacre in Algeria.

1999 – The left-wing Labour Party takes control of the New Zealand government with leader Helen Clark becoming the first elected female Prime Minister in New Zealand’s history.

2001 – A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet.

2005 – The first partial human face transplant is completed in Amiens, France.

2006 – The Canadian House of Commons endorses Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s motion to declare Québécois a nation within a unified Canada.

 

 

 

Births

1127 – Emperor Xiaozong of China (d. 1194)

 

 

 

 

 

1563 – Robbert Robbertsz, (le Canu), nautical expert

1576 – Shimazu Tadatsune, Ruler of Satsuma (d. 1638)

1627 – Louise Henriette, [Mlle d’Orange], daughter of Frederik Henry

1701 – Anders Celsius, Sweden, scientist/inventor (centigrade temp scale)

1746 – Robert Livingston, delivered oath of office to George Washington

1779 – Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (d. 1865)

1808 – Hugh Weedon Mercer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877

1813 – Michele Puccini, composer

 

 

 

1843 – Cornelius Vanderbilt IIAmerican businessman (d. 1899)

 

 

 

 

 

1843 – Elizabeth Stride, victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)

1857 – Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1952)

1871 – Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist (d. 1950)

1874 – Charles A Beard, American historian (American Continentalism)

1878 – Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet (d.1948).

1894 – Forrest Shaklee, founder (Shaklee Products)

1894 – Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (d. 1989)

1897 – Vito Genovese, American mafioso (d. 1969)

1898 – Fredric Warburg, publisher and author (d. 1981)

 

 

 

1907 – L[yon] Sprague de Camp, US, sci-fi author (Goblin Tower, Hand of Zei)(see UE 11/06 Deaths)

 

 

 

 

 

1909 – James Agee, American author (African Queen, Death in Family)

1909 – Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (d. 1967)

1912 – David Merrick, [Margulois], Hong Kong, Broadway producer (Hello Dolly)

1912 – Howard de Walden, English landowner/multi-millionaire

1913 – Frances Swem Anderson, technologist (nuclear medicine)

 

 

 

1917 – “Buffalo” Bob SmithBuffalo NYTV host (Howdy Doody)

 

HOWDY DOODY HOSTESS TWINKIES COMMERCIAL 1950s

Howdy Doody Christmas (1957)

 

 

 

 

1924 – Theresa R van der Pant, sculptor

1925 – Ernie Wise, England, comedian (Morecambe & Wise)

1925 – John Maddox, British science writer and editor

1927 – William Simon, US sect of Treasury

1930 – James M Taylor, Stamps ARK, USAF/astronaut

1932 – Benigno Aquino Jr, Philippine opposition leader; assassinated

1935 – Al Jackson Jr, Memphis Tn, drummer (Booker T & MGs-Chinese Checkers)

1937 – Gail Sheehy, author (Hustling)

 

 

 

1940 – Bruce Lee, [Lee Yuen Kam], SF Californiakarate star/actor (Green Hornet), (d. 1973)

 

Bruce Lee vs. Chuck Norris

Physical Feats as a Real Fighter

Enter the Dragon – First Fight

The Legend – Bruce Lee

 

 

 

 

1942 – Henry Carr, Det Mich, 200m/4x400m runner (Olympic-gold-1964)

 

 

 

1942 – Jimi HendrixSeattle Washrock guitarist (Purple Haze), (d. 1970)

 

Catfish Blues

Jimi Hendrix Documentary

All Along The Watchtower Live

 Hound Dog Acoustic Rare

 

 

 

 

1942 – Manolo Blahnik, Spanish shoe designer

1944 – Eddie Rabbitt, Brooklyn, country singer (I Love a Rainy Night)

 

 

 

1945 – Randy BreckerPhilarocker (Blood Sweat & Tears)

 

 I Can’t Quit Her

I Love You More Than You’ll Ever Know

Spinning Wheel

God Bless the Child

 

 

 

 

1945 – Alain de Cadenet, SPEED Channel personality

1948 – Dave Winthrop, rock saxophonist (Supertramp)

1949 – Masanori Sekiya, Japanese racing driver

1951 – Jayne Kennedy, Wash DC, sportscaster (CBS)/actress (Body & Soul)

1952 – James D Wetherbee, Flushing NY, Lt Cmdr USN/astr (STS 32, 52, 63, 86)

1952 – Kathryn Bigelow, San Carlos, California, film director (The Hurt Locker)

1952 – Daryl Stuermer, American guitarist (Genesis)

 

 

 

1955 – Bill Nyethe Science GuyTV Host

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Caroline Kennedy-Schlossberg, attorney, JFK & Jackie’s daughter

1957 – Terri R Adams, educator (teacher in space)

1957 – Kenny Acheson, Northern Irish racecar driver

1960 – Ken O’Brien, QB (NY Jets)

1961 – Randy Milligan, baseball player

1961 – Steve Oedekerk, American film director, actor and comedian

1964 – David Giles, Australian star yachter (Olympics-84, 88, 92, 96)

1964 – Robin Simone Givens, [Mrs Mike Tyson] NYC, (Darlene-Head of the Class)

1965 – Fiachna O’Braonain, Irish pop guitarist (Hothouse Flowers-Don’t Go)

1965 – Kathleen Heddle, Trail BC, rower (Olympics-gold-92/96)

1968 – Michael Vartan, French actor

1971 – Eric Menendez, NY, accused of killing his parents (Menendez Brothers)

1973 – Samantha Harris, American model and host

1979 – Ricky Carmichael, American motocross racer

1979 – Hilary Hahn, American violinist

 

 

 

Deaths

8 – HoraceRoman poetdies at 56

 

 

 

 

 

450 – Galla Placidia, daughter of Byzant emperor Constantius III, dies at 58

511 – Clovis, 1st King of France, dies at about 45

640 – Acharius, bishop of Noyon/saint, dies

835 – Muhammad at-Taqi, Shia Imam (b. 811)

1026 – Adalbert II, bishop of Utrecht (1010-26), dies

1198 – Queen Constance of Sicily, wife of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1154)

1474 – Guillaume Dufay, French/Flemish composer, dies at about 74

1570 – Jacopo Sansovino, Italian sculptor and architect (b. 1486)

1592 – Nakagawa Hidemasa, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1568)

1592 – King John III of Sweden (b. 1537)

1680 – Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit/inventor (lantern), dies

1754 – Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (b. 1667)

1811 – Andrew Meikle, British mechanical engineer (b. 1719)

1852 – Ada Lovelace, British mathematician (b. 1815)

1884 – Franziska “Fanny” Elssler, Austrian ballerina/choreography, dies at 74

1894 – Johanna von Puttkamer, Prussian noblewoman, wife of Otto von Bismarck (b. 1824)

1895 – French writer and playwright Alexandre Dumas (b. 1824), son of the French author of the same name 

1901 – Clement Studebaker, American automobile manufacturer (b. 1831)

1908 – Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist (b. 1827)

1934 – “Baby Face” Nelson, [Lester Gillis], gangster, shot by FBI at 26

1934 – Herman Hollis, FBI agent, killed by Baby Face Nelson

1934 – Sam Cowley, FBI agent, killed by Baby Face Nelson

1944 – Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)

1953 – Eugene O’Neill, playwright (Nobel 1936), dies in Boston at 65

1973 – Frank Christian, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1887)

1974 – Louis B Russell Jr, longest living heart transplant, dies at 49

1975 – Ross McWhirter, Guinness Book of Records keeper, murdered

1980 – F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (b. 1882)

 

 

 

1981 – Lotte Lenyasinger/actress (From Russia With Love), dies in NY at 83

 

Mack the Knife

Pirate Jenny

O Moon Of Alabama

 

 

 

 

1988 – John Carradineactor (Ten Commandments), dies of kidney failure at 82

 

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – [John] Hein Donner, chess grand master, dies at 61

1990 – David White, actor (Larry Tate-Bewitched), dies at 74

1994 – Arthur Frank “Peter” Shore, egyptologist, dies at 70

1994 – Fernando Lopes-Graça, Portuguese composer and musicologist (b. 1906)

1995 – Giancarlo Baghetti, racing driver/journalist, dies at 60

1995 – Peter Harrison Swan, bomber pilot/stockbroker, dies at 75

1997 – Buck Leonard, Hall of Famer in Negro League, dies at 90

1997 – Henry Charnock, oceanographer, dies at 76

1999 – Yasuhiro Kojima, wrestler (b. 1937)

2006 – Alan Freeman, British disc jockey known by his nickname ‘Fluff’ (b. 1927)

2007 – Robert Cade, American doctor and inventor of Gatorade (b. 1927)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

43 BC – The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (“Octavian”, later “Caesar Augustus”), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony is formed.

579 – Pelagius II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

783 – The Asturian queen Adosinda is put up in a monastery to prevent her kin from retaking the throne from Mauregatus.

 

 

 

1476 – Vlad III Dracula defeats Basarab Laiota with the help of Stephen the Great and Stephen V Bathory and becomes the ruler of Wallachia for the third time.

 

 

 

 

 

1580 – French Huguenots & Roman Catholics sign peace treaty

1598 – Jacob of Necks merchant fleet reaches Bantam West-Java

1688 – Duke of Savoye signs on to League of Augsburg

1688 – King James II escapes back to London

1703 – Great storm hits Southern England 1000s killed, Royal Navy losses 13 ships and around 1500 seamen 

1716 – 1st lion exhibited in America (Boston)

1778 – Captain Cook discovers Maui in the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii)

1789 – 1st national Thanksgiving

1825 – 1st college fraternity founded (Kappa Alpha (Union College, NY))

1832 – 1st streetcar railway in America starts operating (NYC) (12 cent fare)

1842 – The University of Notre Dame is founded.

1861 – West Virginia created as a result of dispute over slavery with Virg

1863 – -Dec 2] Mine Run campaign, VA

1864 – Confederate troops vacate Sandersville Georgia

1864 – Skirmish at Sylvan Brutal/Waynesboro, Georgia

1865 – “Alice in Wonderland” by Lewis Carroll published in US

1865 – Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile.

1867 – Refrigerated railroad car patented by JB Sutherland of Detroit

1885 – 1st meteor photograph

1896 – 1st large indoor football game, U of Chic beats U of Mich 7-6

1896 – A A Stagg of U Chicago creates American football huddle

1898 – -27) Snow/ice storm over US; 455 die

 

 

 

1898 – SS Portland “The Titanic of New England” leaves for Cape Codshipwrecked off Cape Annall 192 on board killed

 

 

 

 

 

1909 – Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.

 

 

 

1914 – Battleship HMS Bulwark explodes at Sheerness Harbor England788 die

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – English archaeologist Howard Carter opens Toetanchamon’s (Tut) tomb

1924 – Mongolian People’s Republic proclaimed

1939 – 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border

1940 – Leidse students strike

1940 – Nazi Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw

1941 – British North African commandant General Cunningham lay-offs

1941 – British troops conquer Belhamed, Sidi Rezegh & El Duda

1941 – Japanese carrier force left its base & moves east toward Pearl Harbor

1942 – “Casablanca” premieres at Hollywood Theatre, NYC

1944 – 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor

1944 – Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz & Birkenau crematoriums

1945 – During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)

1949 – India adopts a constitution as a British Commonwealth Republic

 

 

 

1950 – China enters Korean conflictsends troops across Yalu River

 

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – 1st modern 3-D movie “Bwana Devil,” premieres in Hollywood

1953 – Yamada Koun, leader of Sanbo Kyodan line of Zen, found 1st awakening

1955 – Emergency crisis proclaimed in Cyprus

1956 – “The Price Is Right” debuts on NBC

1956 – USSR single sculls winner Vyacheslav Ivanov wins Olympic gold medal in his excitement he jumps for joy, & loses his medal, it sinks

1963 – 29th Heisman Trophy Award: Roger Staubach, Navy (QB)

1963 – Cincinnati 2nd baseman Pete Rose wins NL Rookie of Year

1963 – Explorer 18 launched

1966 – 1st major tidal power plant opens at Rance estuary, France

1968 – 34th Heisman Trophy Award: O J Simpson, Southern Cal (RB)

1969 – 35th Heisman Trophy Award: Steve Owens, Oklahoma (RB)

1969 – Creams’ final concert (Royal Albert Hall)

1969 – Lottery for Selective Service draftees bill signed by President Nixon

1973 – Nixon’s personal sec, Rose Mary Woods, tells a federal court she accidentally caused part of 18½ minute gap in a key Watergate tape
1974 – Approximately 140 die when suspension bridge collapses (Nepal)

1975 – Fed jury finds Lynette Fromme guilty of attempted assassination

1977 – ‘Vrillon’, claiming to be the representative of the ‘Ashtar Galactic Command’, takes over Britain’s Southern Television for six minutes at 5:12 PM.

1978 – 10 die as fire erupts at Holiday Inn in Rochester, NY

1978 – 1st lesbian theme TV movie – “Question of Love”

1980 – Mike Schmidt is unanimous choice as NL MVP

1982 – Howard Cossell calls his last fight after being disgusted by Larry Holmes-Tex Cobb mismatch

 

 

 

1983 – Heathrow Airport, robbed of 6,800 gold bars worth $38.7 million(see UE 11/25 Events)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1985 – 23rd Space Shuttle Mission (61-B)-Atlantis 2-is launched

1985 – Random House buys Richard Nixons memoires for $3,000,000

1988 – Pioneer 6’s closest approach to Earth since 1965 launch (1.87 M km)

 

 

 

1989 – Commoros coup under Robert Denard

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Matsushita purchases MCA for $6.6 billion

1991 – Condoms are handed out to thousands of NY High School students

1993 – Political campaigners James Carville (49) & Mary Matalin wed

1995 – Dolphins QB Dan Marino sets NFL record with 343rd touchdown pass

1998 – Tony Blair becomes the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Republic of Ireland’s parliament.

2003 – Concorde makes its last ever flight over Bristol, England.

2004 – Ruzhou School massacre: a man stabs and kills eight people and seriously wounds another four in a school dormitory in Ruzhou, China.

 

 

 

2008 – Terrorist attacks in Mumbai, IndiaTen coordinated attacks by Pakistan-based terrorists kill 164 and injure more than 250 people in Mumbai, India.

 

 

 

 

 

Births

1288 – Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (d. 1339)

 

 

 

 

 

1436 – Princess Catherine of Portugal, writer (d. 1463)

1607 – John Harvard, England, clergyman/scholar, founded Harvard Univ

1609 – Henry Dunster, English president of Harvard College (d. 1659)

1678 – Jean Jacques d’Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist (d. 1771)

1703 – Theophilus Cibber, English actor and writer (d. 1758)

1736 – Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, French publisher (Mercure de France)

1810 – William G Armstrong, of Cragside, Baron/British industralist (hydraulic crane)

1816 – William Henry Talkbot Walker, Major General (Confederate Army)

1827 – Alfred Moore Scales, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1892

1832 – Mary Edwards Walker, US, doctor/women’s rights leader

1832 – Karl Rudolf König, German physicist (d. 1901)

1857 – Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (d. 1913)

1858 – Katharine Drexel, Roman Catholic Saint (d. 1955)

1862 – Mark A Stein, archaeologist

1869 – Maud, Queen of Norway (d. 1938)

1894 – Norbert Wiener, US, mathematician/discovered cybernetics

1895 – Bertil Lindblad, Swedish astronomer (Milky Way system)

1898 – Karl Ziegler, Helsa, German Empire, chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (polymers), (d. 1973)

1899 – Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III (d. 1936)

1902 – Gerrit Jan van der Veen, [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter

1907 – Ruth Patrick, American botanist

1908 – Charles Forte, Italian/British hotel magnate (Savoy)

1909 – Eugene Ionesco, playwright

1909 – Frances Dee, American actress (d. 2004)

1912 – Eric Sevareid, Velva ND, newscaster (CBS Weekend News)

1913 – Foy Draper, US, relay runner (Olympic-gold-1936)

 

 

 

1919 – Frederik PohlUSsci-fi author (3 HugoGatewayBipohl)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Verghese Kurien, Calicut, British India, engineer (billion-litre idea), (d.2012)

 

 

 

1922 – Charles M SchulzMinneapolis MNcartoonist (Peanuts), (d. 2000)

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – Berthold Leibinger, German Entrepreneur and Philanthropist

1931 – Adolfo Perez Esquivel, Buenos Argentina, (1980 Nobel Peace Prize)

1931 – Giuliana Chenal-Minuzzo, Italy, downhill skier (Olympic-bronze-1952)

1933 – Robert Goulet, American singer and actor (d. 2007)

1934 – Ludmila Shevtsova, USSR, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1960)

1935 – Marian Mercer, Akron Ohio, actress/singer (Dean Martin Show)

1937 – Boris Borisovich Yegorov, USSR, doctor/cosmonaut (Voskhod I)

1938 – Elizabeth E Bailey, university dean (Carnegie Mellon)

 

 

 

1938 – Jeremy Boordaadmiral , US Navy

 

 

 

 

 

1938 – Rich LittleOttawa Canadaimpressionist/actor (Love on a Rooftop)

 

Rich Little roasts Don Rickles

Rich Little Impressions

The Man of A Thousand Voices

 

 

 

 

1938 – Rodney Jory, Australian physicist

 

 

 

1939 – Tina Turner, [Anna Mae Bullock], Brownsville Txsinger (Proud Mary)

 

Proud Mary

What´s Love Got To Do With It

Private Dancer

Acid Queen Live 2009

 

 

 

 

1943 – Jan Stenerud, Norway, NFL place kicker (Kansas City Chiefs)

1944 – Jean Terrell, Texas, rocker (Supremes)

1945 – John McVie, British rock bassist (Fleetwood Mac-Rumours, Tusk)

1946 – Bert Bouquet, bassist (Earth & Fire, Focus)

1946 – Burt Reiter, rocker (Focus)

1948 – Galina Prozumenschikova, USSR, 200m backstroke (Olympic-gold-1964)

1949 – Juanin Clay, American actress (d. 1995)

1949 – Vincent A. Mahler, American educator

1951 – La Cicciolina, [Ilona Staller], Budapest Hungary, Italian MP

1954 – Roz Chast, American cartoonist

1955 – Tracy [Raye] Hickman, US, sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning)

 

 

 

1956 – Dale JarrettAmerican racecar driver

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Lisa Moretti, American professional wrestler

1962 – Chuck Finley, Monroe LA, pitcher (California Angels)

1963 – Mario Elie, NBA forward/guard (Houston Rockets)

1963 – Adam Gaynor, American musician (Matchbox Twenty)

1964 – Vreni Schneider, Swiss alpine skier (Olympics-Gold-1988)

 

 

 

1966 – Sue WicksWNBA forward (NY Liberty)

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Kara Walker, American artist

1970 – Dave Hughes, Australian comedian

1971 – Emma Robinson, Montreal Quebec, rower (Olympics-96)

1972 – Nicole Beach, Phoenix AZ, model (Wonderbra)

1974 – Richard Ikeda, Kamloops BC, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1977 – Ivan Basso, Italian bicyclist

1977 – Forrest Griffin, American MMA-fighter

1978 – Matthew Taylor, American bassist (Motion City Soundtrack)

1979 – B.J. Averell, American online tutor and reality television contestant

1981 – Jamie Fiske, liver transplant recipient

 

 

 

1981 – Natasha BedingfieldBritish singer

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – Chris Hughes, American businessman, co-founder of Facebook

1986 – Konstadinos Filippidis, Greek pole vaulter

1988 – Yumi Kobayashi, Japanese fashion model

 

 

Deaths

399 – Pope Staint Siricius, reigned 384-99

666 – Yeon Gaesomun dictator of Goguryeo (other sources indicate death date as 664 or 665)

1126 – Al-Borsoki, emir of Aleppo-Mosoel, assassinated

1240 – Edmund Van Abingdon, archbishop of Canterbury/saint, dies

1326 – Hugh the younger Despenser, English knight (b. 1286)

1504 – Queen Isabella I of Castile (b. 1451)

1639 – John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)

1651 – Henry Ireton, English gen/parliament leader (Marston Moor), dies at 40

1689 – Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (b. February 1, 1635)

1719 – John Hudson, British classical scholar (b. 1662)

1780 – James Denham Steuart, 4th Baronet, British economist (b. 1712)

 

 

 

1836 – John MacAdamBritish road builder (b. 1756)

 

 

 

 

 

1851 – Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal (b. 1769)

 

 

 

1883 – Sojourner Truthabolitionist/women’s rights advocatedies at 96

 

 

 

 

 

1885 – Thomas Andrews, Irish physicist/chemist (ozone), dies at 71

1896 – Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (b. 1818)

1926 – John M Brown, US weapons constructer, dies

1928 – Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (WW I), dies at 65

 

 

 

1943 – Edward H “Butch” O’HareUS pilot/lt-comdrdies in battle

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Sven Hedin, Swedish explorer (b. 1865)

1956 – Tommy Dorsey, big bandleader, dies at 51

1965 – Wild Bill Elliott, cowboy actor (49’ers), dies of cancer at 60

 

 

 

1970 – Benjamin O Davis Sr, 1st black general, dies at 93 in Chicago(see UE 10/27 Events)

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – Joe Adonis, US crime-syndicate boss in NY & NJ, dies at 68

1987 – Thomas G Lanphier Jr, US WW II pilot, dies at 71

 

 

 

1991 – Ed HeinemannAmerican aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraftb. 1908)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – David Bache, designer, dies at 69

1994 – Nimrod Workman, folksinger, dies at 99

1996 – Paul Rand, graphic designer, dies at 82

2002 – Verne Winchell, American doughnut entrepreneur (b. 1915)

 

 

 

2005 – Stan Berenstainchildren’s author, (d. 2005)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2006 – Dave Cockrum, American comic book artist (b. 1943)

2006 – Stephen Heywood, American builder (b. 1969)

2006 – Isaac Gálvez, Spanish procyclist (b. 1975)

 

 

 

2007 – Silvestre HerreraMexican-born American soldierMedal of Honor recipient. (b. 1917)

 

 

 

 

HERRERA, SILVESTRE S. Photo

 

 

 

 

2007 – Steve Fossett, American Aviator (b. 1944)

2008 – Edna Parker, American supercentenarian (b. 1893)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Fiscal Cost Of Unlawful Immigrants And Amnesty To The U.S. Taxpayer

 

 

Immigration Costs 2013 - Table 4

 

” Unlawful immigration and amnesty for current unlawful immigrants can pose large fiscal costs for U.S. taxpayers. Government provides four types of benefits and services that are relevant to this issue:

  • Direct benefits. These include Social Security, Medicare, unemployment insurance, and workers’ compensation.
  • Means-tested welfare benefits. There are over 80 of these programs which, at a cost of nearly $900 billion per year, provide cash, food, housing, medical, and other services to roughly 100 million low-income Americans. Major programs include Medicaid, food stamps, the refundable Earned Income Tax Credit, public housing, Supplemental Security Income, and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families.
  • Public education. At a cost of $12,300 per pupil per year, these services are largely free or heavily subsidized for low-income parents.
  • Population-based services. Police, fire, highways, parks, and similar services, as the National Academy of Sciences determined in its study of the fiscal costs of immigration, generally have to expand as new immigrants enter a community; someone has to bear the cost of that expansion.

  The cost of these governmental services is far larger than many people imagine. For example, in 2010, the average U.S. household received $31,584 in government benefits and services in these four categories.

  The governmental system is highly redistributive. Well-educated households tend to be net tax contributors: The taxes they pay exceed the direct and means-tested benefits, education, and population-based services they receive. For example, in 2010, in the whole U.S. population, households with college-educated heads, on average, received $24,839 in government benefits while paying $54,089 in taxes. The average college-educated household thus generated a fiscal surplus of $29,250 that government used to finance benefits for other households.

  Other households are net tax consumers: The benefits they receive exceed the taxes they pay. These households generate a “fiscal deficit” that must be financed by taxes from other households or by government borrowing. For example, in 2010, in the U.S. population as a whole, households headed by persons without a high school degree, on average, received $46,582 in government benefits while paying only $11,469 in taxes. This generated an average fiscal deficit (benefits received minus taxes paid) of $35,113.

  The high deficits of poorly educated households are important in the amnesty debate because the typical unlawful immigrant has only a 10th-grade education. Half of unlawful immigrant households are headed by an individual with less than a high school degree, and another 25 percent of household heads have only a high school degree.

  Some argue that the deficit figures for poorly educated households in the general population are not relevant for immigrants. Many believe, for example, that lawful immigrants use little welfare. In reality, lawful immigrant households receive significantly more welfare, on average, than U.S.-born households. Overall, the fiscal deficits or surpluses for lawful immigrant households are the same as or higher than those for U.S.-born households with the same education level. Poorly educated households, whether immigrant or U.S.-born, receive far more in government benefits than they pay in taxes. “

 

Read the entire study at Heritage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Case You Haven’t Heard A Oklahoma Teen Boy Bragged About Raping Someone And No One Is Doing Anything About It

 

 

 

 

” The teenage boy in question is named Tristen Cole Killman. From the reports on other blogging sites, this is basically what happened. 

  Tristen Cole Killman has allgedly raped 3 girls at Norman High School in Oklahoma. Since this issue has been taken to social media, these girls have since been bullied by classmates and even have been kicked out of school.

  The victims are between 14 and 16 years old. The first victim is a 16 year old girl and was raped in January but did not come out until after. The second victim was allegedly raped on September 19th and is 16 years old. This rape is the one in which there is a video of and he admits to it in another video. The third victim is a 14 year old girl and was raped 4 days after the second.

  The school’s reasoning for kicking these girls out? “Disseminating a video of Tristen penetrating one of the alleged rape victims.” YEA, you read that correctly, THERE IS A VIDEO OF HIM RAPING THE GIRL!

  Though the local law enforcement says that it is “actively” investigating these chargers, Tristen continues to walk free. 

  This small-town issue has been brought to the forefront of feminist bloggers because of the actions of the Norman feminist knitting club. According to them, the teenage girls have been attacked through social media by classmates for speaking out. Like many other schools, Norman High School has a “strict” anti-bullying policy that includes cyberbullying. So, why did they kick the girls out for shaming their rapist and nothing has been done to those who have been bullying them and actually breaking a school code of conduct. The bullying of the first victim, started roughly after the assault. Tristen, who had shot the video of him raping the first victim in September, traveled fast through the school.

  Now, from my understanding, this video was even marketed as rape. A student, after seeing the video, went up to the victim and said “I hear you love being raped in the ass.” Like WHAT?! This is how bad our rape culture is, that students have seen a video that is even shown as rape and decide to harass the victim and not the rapist!! “

 

Read more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1034 – King Malcolm II of Scotland (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda), King of Scots dies (b. 980). Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.

1165 – RC German emperor Frederik I Barbarossa visits Utrecht

1177 – Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.

1185 – Pope Lucius III (Ubaldo Allucingoli) reigned 1181-85, dies and is replaced by Umberto Crivelli (Pope Urban III)

1277 – Giovanni Gaetano Orsini elected as Pope Nicolas III

1357 – Charles IV issues letter of protection of Jews of Strasbourg Alsace

 

 

 

1491 – The siege of Granadalast Moorish stronghold in Spainbegins.

 

 

 

 

 

1500 – Governor De Bobadilla of Santo Domingo captures Columbus

1667 – A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha, in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.

1703 – The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, reaches its peak intensity which it maintains through November 27. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people perish in the mighty gale.

1715 – 1st English patent granted to an American, for processing corn

1744 – Austrian forces pillage & kill Jews of Prague

1758 – Britain capture Ft Duquesne (later Fort Pitt/Pittsburgh) from French 

1783 – Britain evacuates NYC, their last military position in US

1792 – Farmer’s Almanac 1st published

1817 – 1st sword swallower in US performs (NYC)

1834 – Delmonico’s, one of NY’s finest restaurants, provides a meal of soup, steak, coffee & half a pie for 12 cents

1839 – A cyclone slams India with high winds and a 40 foot storm surge, destroying the port city of Coringa (never to be entirely rebuilt again). The storm wave sweeps inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths result from the disaster.

1841 – 35 Amistad survivors return to Africa

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Missionary RidgeTennessee

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Confederate plot to burn NYC, fails

1864 – Confederate retreat at Sandersville, Georgia

1867 – Alfred Nobel patents dynamite

1867 – US Congress commission looks into “impeachment” of President Andrew Johnson

1874 – The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.

1876 – Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife’s sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.

1884 – John B Meyenberg of St Louis patents evaporated milk

1897 – Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy

 

 

 

1899 – Battle at GraspanCape colonyGeneral Methuen beats Farmers

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Ill

1920 – 1st Thanksgiving Parade (Phila)

1922 – Archaeologist Howard Carter enters King Tut’s tomb

1930 – 690 earthquake shocks recorded in 1 day (Ito Japan)

1933 – 1st Soviet liquid fuel rocket attains altitude of 261′ (80m)

1937 – World’s fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)

1940 – Patria, carrying illegal immigrants, sinks in port of Haifa, 200 die

1940 – U of Mich retires Tom Harmon’s #98

 

 

 

1940 – Woody Woodpecker debuts with release of Walter Lantz’s “Knock Knock

 

Knock Knock

 

 

 

 

1940 – First flight of the deHavilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.

1941 – German Jews in Netherlands declared stateless (lose of nationality)

1944 – World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth’s store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.

 

 

 

1948 – Ft Funston’s 16-inch coastal guns removed

 

 

 

 

 

1949 – “Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer” appears on music charts

1949 – Ted Williams, wins AL MVP

1950 – UN gives Eritrea to Ethiopia

1951 – 17 die in a train crash in Woodstock Alabama, America

1951 – Cleveland Browns penalized a record 209 yards against Chicago Bears

1952 – George Meany appointed as chairman of AFL

1953 – Earthquake/tsnunami strike Honshu Japan

1955 – Race segregation forbidden on trains & buses between US states

1957 – Pres Eisenhower suffers a mild stroke, impairing his speech

1960 – “Amos ‘n’ Andy” made its last broadcast on CBS radio

1960 – 1st atomic reactor for research & development, Richland Wa

1960 – CBS ends last 4 radio soap operas (Ma Perkins, Right to Happiness, Young Dr Malone & 2nd Mrs Burton) & cancels 4 other series

 

 

 

1960 – The Mirabal sisters of the Dominican Republic are assassinated.

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – NBA’s Bob Cousy becomes 2nd player to score 15,000 points

1966 – Jimi Hendrix Experience makes its London debut at Bag O’ Nails Club

1966 – Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) closes down (reopen 12/31)

1970 – Yankees catcher Thurman Munson wins AL Rookie of Year

1970 – In Japan, author Yukio Mishima and two compatriots commit ritualistic suicide after an unsuccessful coup attempt.

 

 

 

1971 – 37th Heisman Trophy AwardPat SullivanAuburn (QB)

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – 3 Palestinians hijack KLM B747 above Iraq, to Dubai

1973 – Bloodless military coup ousts Greek Pres George Papadopoulos

1973 – Maximum speed limit cut to 55 MPH as an energy conservation measure

1974 – Irish Republican Army is outlawed in Britain following deaths of 21

1976 – OJ Simpson gains 273 yards for Buffalo vs Detroit

1976 – The Band’s farewell concert at SF’s Winterland Ballroom

1976 – Viking 1 radio signal from Mars help prove genl theory of relativity

1977 – David Steed balanced stationary on a bike for 9 hrs 15 mins

1977 – Thomas Hearns KOs Jerome Hill in 2 rounds in his 1st pro fight

1979 – Israel returns Alma oilfields in Gulf of Suez to Egypt

1979 – Pittsburgh gains 606 net yards against Cleveland, winning 33-30

1980 – Imran Khan scores his 1st Test Cricket ton, 123 v WI Lahore

1980 – Sugar Ray Leonard defeats Duran regains WBC welterweight championship

1981 – Failed coup by South African mercenaries in Seychelles

1981 – Rollie Fingers is 1st relief pitcher to win AL MVP

1982 – The Minneapolis Thanksgiving Day Fire destroys an entire city block, including the Northwestern National Bank building and the recently closed Donaldson’s Department Store.

1983 – Larry Holmes TKOs Marvis Frazier in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1983 – Soyuz T-9 returns to Earth, 149 days after take-off

1983 – Syria & Saudi Arabia announce cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli

 

 

 

1983 – World’s greatest robbery 25,000,000 pounds of goldHeathrowEngland ( Nov 26 )

 

 

 

1984 – William Schroeder, is 2nd to receive Jarvik-7 artificial heart

1986 – Iran-Contra affair erupts, Pres Reagan reveals secret arm deal

1987 – Supertyphoon Nina pummels the Philippines with category 5 winds of 165 mph and a surge that swallows entire villages. at least 1,036 deaths attributed to the storm.

1988 – Chuck Berry pays $250 fine to resolve NYC assault charges

1988 – US & Soviet chess grand masters Donaldson & Akhmilovskaya wed

1990 – Lech Walesa wins in Poland’s 1st popular election

1993 – Failed bomb attack on Egyptian premier Atef Sedki, 1 dead

1996 – After 24 years, Disneyland Main Street Electrical Parade, ends

1997 – US telephone tech Richard Bliss, arrested for spying in Russia

2005 – Polish Minister of National Defence Radek Sikorski opens Warsaw Pact archives to historians. Maps of possible nuclear strikes against Western Europe, as well as the possible nuclear annihilation of 43 Polish cities and 2 million of its citizens by Soviet-controlled forces, are released.

2008 – A car bomb in St. Petersburg, Russia, kills three people and injures one.

2009 – Powerful storm brings 3 years worth of rain in 4 hours to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, sparking terrible floods known as the 2009 Jeddah Floods, which kill over 150 people and sweep thousands of cars away right in the middle of Hajj in the second largest city of Saudi Arabia, Jeddah.

 

 

 

Births

1454 – Catherine Cornaro, queen of Cyprus (d. 1510)

1501 – Yi Hwang, Confucian scholar (d. 1570)

1577 – Piet Hein, Dutch naval commander and folk hero (d. 1629)

1703 – Jean-François Séguier, French astronomer and botanist (d. 1784)

1714 – Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (d. 1783)

1721 – Willem Crul, admiral (West-Indies)

1814 – Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (d. 1878)

1823 – Joseph Alexander Cooper, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1910

1825 – Edward Augustus Wild, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891

 

 

 

1835 – Andrew CarnegieScottish/US industrialist/philanthropist

 

 

 

 

 

 

1841 – Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (d. 1902)

1843 – Henry Ware Eliot American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot (d. 1919)

1844 – Karl F Benz, German designer/auto manufacturer (4-taktmotor)

 

 

 

1846 – Carrie NationAmerican temperance advocate (d. 1911)

 

 

 

 

 

1852 – Johan N Salvator, [Johann Orth], archduke of Austria

1874 – Joe Gans, American boxer (d. 1910)

1880 – Leonard S Woolf, English author/husband of Virginia Woolf

1887 – Nikolai Vavilov, Russian geneticist (d. 1943)

1890 – Isaac Rosenberg, English war poet and artist (d. 1918)

1903 – Martin Soames, traveller

1903 – William Dehart Hubbard, Cin Ohio, long jumper (Olympic-gold-1924)

1904 – Lillian Copeland, US discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1932)

1907 – John Stuart Hindmarsh, British racing driver and aviator (d. 1938)

1909 – Hugh Davson, physiologist/writer

1913 – Lewis Thomas, American physician and essayist (d. 1993)

1914 – “Joltin'” Joe DiMaggio, Yankee Clipper (56 game hitting streak), (d. 1999)

 

 

 

1914 – Eddie Boydblues vocal/pianist (Mississippi)

 

 

Five Long Years

Too Bad with Peter Green

Night Time Is The Right Time

The Blues Is Here To Stay

 

 

 

 

1915 – Augusto Pinochet, general/president (Chile)

1919 – Ricardo Montalban, Mx, actor (Fantasy Island, Star Trek II, Naked Gun)

1924 – Paul Desmond, US jazz saxophonist

1924 – Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher.

1925 – Jeffrey Hunter, Orleans La, actor (Christopher Pike-Star Trek Cage)

1926 – Murray Schisgal, playwright (Luv)

1926 – Poul [William] Anderson, US, sci-fi author (7 Hugos, Mirkheim)

 

 

 

1928 – James “Jimmy” JohnsonUS gospel/blues singer/guitarist

 

As The Years Go Passing By

Take Five

One Room Country Shack with Buddy Guy

Sky is Crying

 

 

 

 

1933 – Lenny Moore, NFL back (Baltimore Colts)

1938 – John “Jack” Baines, mountaineering publisher

1939 – Martin Feldstein, economist (1977 John Bates Clark Medal)

1940 – Percy Sledge, soul singer (When A Man Loves A Woman)

1940 – Richard Furrer, Worgl Germany, astronaut (STS 22)

1940 – Joe Gibbs, American football coach

1943 – Roy Lynes, rocker (Status Quo)

1944 – Ben Stein, American actor

 

 

 

1947 – John LarroquetteNew Orleans LAactor (Dan Fielding-Night Court)

 

Night Court

Winners Circle

John Larroquette Show

CSI: NY

 

 

 

 

1948 – Storm Field, [Elliot], NY, weatherman (WABC TV, WCBS TV)

1949 – Rita Jenrette, San Antonio Tx, wife of Rep John Jenrette (D-SC)

1949 – [Boris] Alexander Godunov, Sakhalin USSR, dancer/actor (Die Hard)

1951 – Bucky Dent, all star shortstop (Chicago White Sox, NY Yankees)

1953 – Jeffrey Skilling, American former CEO of Enron

1956 – Liana Vicens, Puerto Rico, 100m breaststroke (Olympics 1968)

1960 – Amy Grant, Augusta, Georgia, American gospel/rock singer (Glory of Love, Baby Baby)

1960 – Mary Ostergren, St Paul Minn, biathelete (Olympics-1994)

1963 – Bernie Kosar, NFL quarterback (Miami Dolphins, Cleveland Browns)

1963 – Holly Cole, Canadian jazz singer

1964 – Wendy Wyland, Jackson Mich, platform diver (Olympic-bronze-1984)

1965 – Mike Gebhardt, Columbus Ohio, mistral yachter (Olympics-6th-1996)

1965 – Yasmin “Yaz” Farooq, Waupun Wisc, rower (Olympics-4th-92, 96)

1967 – Anthony Nesty, swimmer (won Suriname’s 1st gold olympic medal)

1967 – Gregg Turkington, American comedian (as Neil Hamburger) and musician

1971 – Christina Applegate, Hollywood, actress (Kelly-Married With Children)

1976 – Donovan McNabb, American football player

1977 – Marcus Marshall, Australian racing driver

1978 – Lauren Hewitt, Australian 100m/200m runner (Olympics-96)

1978 – Ringo Shiina, Japanese musician

1981 – Barbara and Jenna Bush (twin daughters of U.S. president George W. Bush)

1981 – Mauricio Rua, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist

1983 – Joey Chestnut, American champion competitive eater

1986 – Amber Hagerman, American kidnapping and murder victim, basis of the Amber Alert system (d. 1996)

1990 – Yasmin van der Meer, 15 millionth Netherlander

 

 

 

Deaths

311 – Peter of Alexandria, Christian martyr

992 – Mieszko I, Polish advisor to Pope John XV, dies

1120 – William Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England (b. 1104) dies in White Ship tragedy trying to save his illegitimate half-sister Countess of Perche while crossing the English Channel

 

 

 

1326 – Prince KoreyasuJapanese shogun (b. 1264)

 

 

 

 

 

1374 – Philip II of Taranto, Titular emperor of Costantinople (b. 1329)

1456 – Jacques Coeur, French merchant/banker, dies in battle

1560 – Andrea Doria, Italian naval leader (b. 1466)

1686 – Nicolas Steno, Danish geologist (b. 1638)

1694 – Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer (b. 1605)

1700 – Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American politician (b. 1643)

1748 – Isaac Watts, British hymnwriter (b. 1674)

1865 – Heinrich Barth, German historian/geographer (Central Africa), dies

1881 – Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (b. 1794)

1885 – Thomas A Hendricks, 21st VP, dies at 66, 8 months after taking office

1913 – Robert S Ball, Irish mathematician/astronomer (Ball Screw), dies

1920 – Gaston Chevrolet, French-born American race car driver and automobile pioneer (b. 1892)

1923 – Ernst Debes, German cartographer (Moon Atlas), dies at 83

1948 – Kanbun Uechi, karate master (b. 1877)

 

 

 

1949 – Luther “Bill” Robinson, “Bojangles” famed tap dancerdies at 71

 

Bill Bojangles Robinson and Shirley Temple

The Sand Dance

Great Tap Dancing

Let’s Scuffle

 

 

 

 

1958 – Charles F Kettering, invented auto self-starter, dies at 82

1968 – Upton Beall Sinclair, US author (Jungle), dies at 90

1968 – Paul Siple, American explorer of the Antarctic. (b. 1908)

1971 – Hank Mann, actor (Keystone Kops), dies at 84

1972 – Hans H B Scharoun, German architect (Berlin Philharmonic), dies at 79

1972 – Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (b. 1886)

1973 – Laurence Harvey, actor (Of Human Bondage), dies of cancer at 45

1973 – Albert DeSalvo, Boston strangler, stabbed to death in prison

1974 – Nick Drake, rocker, dies of a drug overdose at 26

1974 – [Sithu] U Thant, UN Sec-General (1961-72), dies in NY of cancer at 65

1981 – Jack Albertson, actor (Chico & the Man), dies at 74

1989 – Alva R. Fitch, American World War II and Korean soldier (b. 1907)

1990 – Bill Vukovich, Indie 500 driver, dies in crash at 27

1993 – Anthony Burgess, novelist (Clockwork Orange), dies of cancer at 76

 

 

 

1995 – Ambrose Thibodeauxcajun accordionistdies at 92

 

Grand Mamou

Elton Waltz

Lafayette Two Step

Les Haricots Sont Pas Salés

 

 

 

 

1997 – Fenton RobinsonUS blues guitarist (Tennessee Woman), dies at 62

 

Somebody Loan Me A Dime

Slick and Greasy

The Sky Is Crying

Don’t Start Me To Talkin’

 

 

 

 

1998 – Nelson Goodman, American philosopher (b. 1906)

 

 

 

1998 – Flip WilsonAmerican actor and comedian (b. 1933)

 

The Church Of What’s Happening Now

Early Standup

                                                           Geraldine with Ray Charles                                                           

Flip Wilson Show with Lucille Ball

 

 

 

 

2005 – George Best, former footballer dies at age 59 after suffering multiple organ failures (Manchester United, Northern Ireland)

2006 – Sean Bell, American shooting victim (b. 1983)

2006 – Luciano Bottaro, Italian comic book artist (b. 1931)

2006 – Kenneth M. Taylor, American pilot (b. 1919)

2010 – C. Scott Littleton, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1933)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 Survival Life Hacks That Could Save Your Life

 

 

 

 

 

 

Published on Aug 31, 2013

” Here are some AMAZING quick and simple life hacks in this survival edition. Enjoy!
Check out AUDIBLE! http://audible.com/household

1. Need some light in a pinch and a candle alone won’t cut it? Grab a soda can and cut open the sides, fold them out and place the candle in. This will reflect your light and give you some decent protection from the elements.

2. If you ever find yourself without a clean water source grab a piece of cloth and 2 containers. Put the dirty water in one container and run the cloth from it to the empty glass. After a short while you will have filtered, muck free water. Remember to boil..

3. Need to get a cooking fire going with minimal effort? Grab an empty egg carton and place charcoal into the slots. Seal it up, light a corner and enjoy.

4. If the mosquitoes are getting bad you can repel them easily using common household herbs. Since you already have that little cooking fire going, sprinkle some basil or drop some rosemary on the coals. The bugs can’t stand it and will stay far away.

5. How about a solar microwave? Grab a small food box and cut out a fold. Wrap the top in aluminum foil and line the inner box with it as well. Place your food inside and give it some time. You now have a solar charged grilled cheese sandwich.

6. Need to find the right direction home? Get a small sliver of metal such as a needle and rub it against your clothing several times. Place the needle on a leaf and float it in some water. The needle will point you North.

7. And finally, the emergency oil lamp. Grab some old cloth and bundle it up. Take a soda can and fill it about half way with olive oil. Place the cloth into the can and light. You have yourself a makeshift oil lamp that will last hours. “

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

380 – Theodosius I makes his adventus, or formal entry, into Constantinople.

496 – Anastasius II succeeds Gelasius I as Catholic Pope

642 – Theodore I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1105 – Rabbi Nathan ben Yehiel of Rome completes Talmudic dictionary

1190 – Isabella of Jerusalem marries Conrad of Montferrat at Acre, making him de jure King.

1434 – Thames River freezes

 

 

 

1542 – Battle at Solway MossEnglish beat Scottish King James

 

 

 

 

 

1587 – Battle at Auneau: Henri de Guise wins

1639 – 1st observation of transit of Venus occured (only 2, record event)

1642 – Abel Janzoon Tasman discovers Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania)

1643 – Battle at Tuttlingen: Beiers army under Gen Mercy beats France

1655 – English Lord Protector Cromwell bans Anglicans

1703 – 1st Lutheran pastor ordained in America, Justus Falckner at Phila

1715 – Thames River freezes

1759 – Destructive eruption of Vesuvius

1832 – South Carolina passes Ordinance of Nullification

1835 – Texas Rangers, mounted police force authorized by Texas Provisional Government

1859 – Charles Darwin publishes “On the Origin of Species”

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Chattanooga, Columbia & Lookout Mt begins in Tennessee ( see UE Events 11/23)

 

 

 

 

 

1871 – National Rifle Association organized (NYC)

 

 

 

 

 

1874 – Joseph F Glidden patents barbed wire

1896 – 1st US absentee voting law enacted by Vermont

1903 – Clyde Coleman of NYC patents automobile electric starter

1915 – Serbian leader flees to Albania

1917 – Nine police officers and one civilian are killed when a bomb explodes at the Milwaukee, Wisconsin police headquarters building.

1918 – Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party

1922 – Italian parliament gives Benito Mussolini dictatorial powers “for 1 year”

1925 – Eugene O’Neill Theater (Coronet, Forrest) opens at 230 W 49th St NYC

1930 – 1st woman pilot on a transcontinental air flight Miss Ruth Nichols (Mineola, NY to California), in a Lockheed-Vega, took 7 days

1932 – In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.

1936 – Pacifist/anti fascist writer Carl Von Ossietzky sent to concentration camp, award Nobel Peace Prize

 

 

 

1941 – Indian infantry attacks German tanks at Sidi Omar

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – US bombers based on Saipan, begin 1st attack on Tokyo

1948 – Ireland votes for independence from UK

1949 – Britain nationalizes it’s steel & iron industry

 

 

 

1950 – US infantry division conquerors Chonju Korea

 

 

 

 

 

1951 – British auto manufacturers Austin/Moris Motors merge

1954 – Air Force One, 1st US Presidential airplane, christened

1954 – France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria

1957 – Cleveland Browns’ fullback Jim Brown sets club record of 237 yds rushing

1960 – Wilt Chamberlain pulls down 55 rebounds in a game (NBA record)

1963 – 1st live murder on TV-Jack Ruby shoots Lee Harvey Oswald

1964 – For 1st time since 1800, residents of Wash DC permitted to vote

1966 – 400 die of respiratory failure & heart attack in killer NYC smog

 

 

 

1969 – Lt William L Calley, charged with massacre of over 100 civilians in My Lai Vietnam in March 1968, ordered to stand trial by court martial (see UE Events 11/12)

 

 

 

 

1971 – Dan “DB” Cooper parachutes from a Northwest AL 727 with $200,000

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – Prison rebellion at Rahway State Prison NJ

1974 – Gerald Ford & Leonid Brezhnev signs SALT-2-treaty

1977 – Miami Bob Greise passes for 6 touchdowns vs St Louis (55-14)

1979 – US admits troops in Vietnam were exposed to the toxic Agent Orange

1980 – Ronald Reagan Jr marries Doria Palmieri

 

 

 

1981 – 1st air-launched cruise missile tested

 

 

 

 

 

1982 – Yasuhiro Nakasone succeeds Zenko Suzuki as premier of Japan

1983 – PLO exchanges 6 Israeli prisoners for 4,500 Palestinians & Lebanese

1989 – Communist Party resigns in Czechoslovakia

1991 – 1st intl flight from Long Island’s MacArthur Airport (to Mexico)

1991 – Monica Seles, sets female tennis record winning $2,457,758 in a year

1991 – US 75th manned space mission “STS 44″ Atlantis 10 launched

1993 – Brady bill passes establishing 5-day waiting period for handgun sales

1993 – In Liverpool, 11-year-olds Robert Thompson and Jon Venables are convicted of the murder of 2-year-old James Bulger.

1996 – Rookie Karrie Webb wins LPGA Tour Championship

2005 – Leader of the Opposition in the Canadian Parliament Stephen Harper, introduces a motion of no confidence. The motion is passed on November 28 leading to the dissolution of the 38th Canadian Parliament.

2007 – Australians elect the Kevin Rudd-led centre-left Australian Labor Party at the federal election, ending the eleven-year tenure of the John Howard-led centre-right Liberal/National coalition government.

 

 

 

Births

1273 – Alphonso, Earl of Chester, son of Edward I of England (d. 1284)

1394 – Charles, Duke of Orléans, French poet (d. 1465)

1420 – John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (d. 1473)

1583 – Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (d. 1641)

 

 

 

1632 – Baruch “Benedict” de SpinozaAmsterdamrationalist philosopher

 

 

 

 

 

1642 – Anne Hilarion de Cotentin, earl of Tourville/knight/admiral/marshal

1712 – Willem Bachiene, theologist/geographer/astronomer (Ecclesiastical)

1713 – Laurence Sterne, Ireland, novelist/satirist (Tristram Shandy)

1729 – Alexander Suvorov, Russian general (d. 1800)

1766 – J J Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect/archaeologist

 

 

 

1784 – Zachary Taylor, (Whig12th Pres (Mar 5, 1849-July 9, 1850)

 

 

 

 

 

1806 – William Webb Ellis, credited with the invention of Rugby (d. 1872)

1815 – James Trapier, N Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1865

1815 – Grace Darling, English heroine (d. 1842)

1829 – William Passmore Carlin, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903

 

 

 

1853 – Bat MastersonAmerican gunfighter (d. 1921)

 

 

 

 

 

1859 – Cass Gilbert, American architect (d. 1934)

 

 

 

1864 – Henri de Toulouse-LautrecFrancepainter (At the Moulin Rouge)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1868 – Scott JoplinUSentertainer/composer (The Entertainer)

 

 

Maple Leaf Rag

The Entertainer

Bethena

Solace

1876 – Walter Griffin, US architect, city planner; designed Canberra, Aust

1886 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher (d. 1973)

1887 – Erich von Manstein, German military commander (d. 1973)

1888 – Dale Carnegie, author (How to Win Friends & Influence People)

1888 – Fredrick Willius, American cardiologist (d. 1972)

1896 – Charles “Lucky” Luciano, Sicily, NYC Mafia gangster, (d. 1962)

1911 – Walter Goetz, illustrator cartoonist/painter

1912 – Garson Kanin, Rochester NY, playwright/producer (Double Life)

1912 – Geraldine Fitzgerald, Dublin Ireland, actress (Pawnbroker, Easy Money)

1912 – Theodore “Teddy” Wilson, US jazz pianist/arranger

1913 – Gisela Mauermeyer, Germany, discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1936)

1916 – Forrest J Ackerman, invented the term “sci-fi”

1918 – Tom “Stubby” Fouts, Carroll County Ind, actor (Polka-go-round)

1918 – William Strethan “Wild Bill” Davis, musician

1925 – William F. Buckley Jr, New York, American conservative author and commentator (National Review, Firing Line)

1930 – Bob Friend, baseball player

1938 – Oscar Robertson [The Big O], NBA guard (Cin, Milwaukee, Olympic-gold-1960)

 

 

 

1938 – Charles StarkweatherAmerican Spree Killer (d. 1959)

 

 

 

 

 

1939 – Jim Yester, Birmingham Alabama, rock vocalist/guitarist (Association)

1939 – Yoshinobu Miyake, Japan, featherweight (Olympic-gold-1964, 68)

 

 
1941 – Donald “Duck” DunnTN, bassist (Booker T-MG’s , Walkin’ the Dog), (d, 2012)

 

 

Green Onions

TIME IS TIGHT

2 Minute History

BLUES BROTHERS LIVE 1978

 

 

 

 

1941 – Pete Best, drummer (Beatles)

1942 – Billy Connolly, Scotland, comedian/actor (Blue Money)

1942 – Marlin Fitzwater, press secretary (George Bush)

1943 – Lee Michaels, rocker

1946 – Bev[erley] Bevan, Birmingham England, rock drummer (ELO)

 

 

 

1946 – Ted BundyBurlington VTserial murderer

 

 

 

 

 

1947 – Dwight Schultz, Balt Md, actor (A-Team)

1948 – Spider Robinson, Canada, sci-fi author (3 Hugo, Callahan’s Secret)

1948 – Steve Yeager, catcher (LA Dodger)

1950 – Damon Evans, Balt Md, actor (Lionel-The Jeffersons)

1950 – Stanley Livingston, actor (Chip-My 3 Sons)

1952 – Norbert Haug, German motorsport executive (Mercedes Benz)

1955 – Elvis Ramone, American drummer (The Ramones)

1957 – Chris Hayes, California, rock guitarist (Huey Lewis & The News)

1957 – Denise Crosby, Hollywood California, actress (Tasha-Star Trek: Next Gen)

1961 – Carl Sundquist, Indianapolis Ind, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1961 – Arundhati Roy, Indian writer

1962 – John Squire, English pop guitarist (Stone Roses, She Bangs the Drums)

1964 – Brad Sherwood, American comedian

1964 – Tony Rombola, American guitarist (Godsmack)

1965 – Nyla Jane Carroll, New Plymouth NZ, 5k/10k/marathoner (Olympics-96)

1966 – Paul Robinett, American internet personality

1968 – Dawn Robinson, singer (En Vogue)

1968 – Ken Johnson, Quincy Mass, 3×40 rifle (Olympics-1996)

1970 – Chad Taylor, musician (Live)

1970 – Kelly Blair, Prosser Wash, heptathlete

1971 – Cosmas Ndeti, three-time Boston Marathon winner

1974 – Stephen Merchant, British comedian

1976 – Chen Lu, China, figure skater (Olympics-Bronze-94)

1978 – Katherine Heigl, Washington, D.C., actress (Grey’s Anatomy)

 

 

 

Deaths

654 – Emperor Kōtoku of Japan (b. 596)

1192 – Albert I van Leuven/Luik, Belgian bishop of Luik/saint, dies at 27

1468 – Jean de Dunois, French soldier (b. 1402)

1531 – Johannes Oecolampadius, German religious reformer (b. 1482)

1541 – Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (b. 1489)

 

 

 

1572 – John KnoxScottish preacherdies at about 67

 

 

 

 

 

 

1583 – René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (b. 1506)

1674 – Franciscus van Enden, Flemish jesuit/free thinker, executed at 72

1770 – Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (b. 1685)

 

 

 

1781 – James CaldwellAmerican revolutionary (b. 1734)

 

File:James Caldwell American Revolution.jpg

 

 

 

 

1801 – Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)

 

 

 

1807 – Joseph BrantMohawk leader (b. 1742)

 

 

 

 

 

1840 – Cornelis RT Krayenhoff, fortress architect/cartographer, dies at 82

1863 – Claudius Charles Wilson, Confederate brig-gen during American Civil War, dies of fever at camp in Ringgold, Georgia

1885 – Alfonso XII, king of Spain (1875-85), dies at 27

 

 

 

1916 – Sir Hiram Stevens MaximAmerican-born gunsmith (b. 1840)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – Michel de Klerk, architect (Amsterdam School), dies at 39

1943 – Doris Miller, American navy cook (b. 1919)

1957 – Diego Rivera, Mexican painter, dies at 70

1962 – James J Kilroy, tank inspector (Kilroy was here), dies at 60

1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, JFK’s assassinator, shot dead by Jack Ruby

1964 – John Fabricius, playwright, dies at 55

1980 – George Raft, actor (Scarface, Johnny Angel, Mr Ace), dies at 85

 

 

 

1985 – Big Joe TurnerAmerican singer (b. 1911)

 

Shake, Rattle & Roll

Flip Flop Fly

Roll ‘Em Pete with Pete Johnson

Cherry Red

 

 

 

 

1990 – Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentine racing driver (b. 1934)

1991 – Anton Furst, production designer (Batman), dies at 47

1991 – Eric Carr, drummer (Kiss-Beth), dies of cancer at 41

1991 – Freddie Mercury, British singer (Queen), dies of AIDS at 45

1992 – Theo Edison, son of Thomas Edison, dies at 94

 

 

 

1993 – Albert Collinsblues guitarist (Don’t Lose Your Cool), dies at 61(see UE 10/1 Births)

 

Videos

 

 

1993 – Imad Aqal, Palestinian Hamas leader, dies at 24

1994 – Jo Vis, Dutch resistance fighter (Yad Vashem), dies at 88

1994 – Tommy Boyce, songwriter (Boyce & Hart), dies at 55

2001 – Melanie Thornton, American dance/pop singer (b. 1967)

2002 – John Rawls, political philosopher (b. 1921)

2003 – Floquet de Neu, Ecuato Guinean albino gorilla (b. 1964)

2003 – Warren Spahn, Major League Baseball player (b. 1921)

2004 – Arthur Hailey, British-born author (b. 1920)

2005 – Pat Morita, American actor (b. 1932)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What Food Banks Need Most (And What They Get Too Much Of)

 

what food banks need most

 

 

” Is there a food drive going on near you? Every day for the last week, our kindergartener has loaded up her purple backpack with groceries for her class’s food drive. Boxes of whole-grain pasta and jars of tomato sauce, brownie mix and canola oil, all easier-to-make versions of meals I regularly fix for our family. But I got to thinking, are these really the most useful things to donate?

  When we lived in Rome, there was an immigrant woman who used to sit on a plastic crate outside the grocery store. She wore a shawl around her shoulders and scarf on her head. Sometimes her daughter would be there too, a girl about eight years old with long dark hair. Almost always I’d be pushing our big blue double stroller, two apple-cheeked American toddlers in tow. Almost the woman or child would ask for food, pleading in Italian.

  Yes, I’d nod. I’ll help. At least I’ll try. 

  Not speaking Italian well enough to understand the details of their situation, not to mention the complexities of the Italian social system, I’d do what I thought was best. Pick up a few things they could eat right then, plus a few dinner items to take home. Ready-made sandwiches, bottles of milk, string cheeses and fruit. For later, pasta (it was Italy after all), tomatoes, maybe a sliver of Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese, the good stuff. It was the best I could do without knowing anything about them. Did they have electricity? Any food allergies? I’ll never know.

  But now we’re in North Carolina and I can do more. A lot more. Today I spoke with two sources, the Food Bank of Central and Eastern North Carolina plus two staffers at The Salvation Army food bank in Durham. Here’s what I learned.

 

WHO GOES TO A FOOD BANK

  Picture a homeless man, an elderly woman or a single mom with three kids but not just babies: a toddler, a second grader and a fourteen-year-old. Maybe they live in an apartment and receive food stamps on a monthly basis, maybe it’s about $200 worth. With food stamps, there are restrictions on what they can buy at the store and almost always, they’ll run out anyway. That’s why they’re at the food bank. The electricity may have just been turned off. There might not be water. Or maybe there’s no apartment at all. Many are in crisis, living in hotels or on the street.

 

WHAT FOOD BANKS NEED MOST (AND WHAT THEY GET TOO MUCH OF)

  Storage space is often in short supply at food banks, so prioritization is key.

  1. Canned meats: Think beyond tuna & soup, which food banks get tons of. Instead go for canned beef, canned ham, canned chicken, canned salmon. Or hearty ready-to-go meals like beef stew and chili with meat.
  2. Canned vegetables: Everyone donates green beans. Instead, give potatoes, carrots, spinach, peas or any other veggies your family likes.
  3. Canned fruit: Not pineapple. This is the most commonly donated fruit. Any other fruit, particularly those in fruit juice without extra sugar, would be great. Dried fruit works too (raisins, etc.)
  4. Boxes of rice (bags can tear)
  5. Low-sugar cereal like plain Cheerios or Raisin Bran
  6. Peanut butter
  7. Instant oatmeal, instant grits
  8. Cans of beans
  9. Pasta, pasta sauce
  10. Biscuit mix, or any mix you only add water to
  11. Cans, cartons or boxes of powered and evaporated milk
  12. Snack items for kids to take to school: juice boxes, applesauce containers, granola bars
  13. Diapers in sizes above newborn, plus wipes
  14. Toiletries: toothbrushes, soap, toothpaste, lotion, shampoo & conditioner, Chapstick (consider someone living outside this time of year)
  15. Feminine hygiene products: unscented pads will be most universally used, not tampons
  16. Spices like cinnamon, oregano, basil, salt, pepper
  17. Sliced bread. It’s got a long shelf life but always goes immediately.
  18. Bags of apples or potatoes. Ditto.
  19. Chocolate. It’s not a necessity but just a pick-me-up that I would sure appreciate, especially when it comes time to fill stockings.
  20. Consider donating reusable shopping bags. It takes a lot of humility for people to come to a food bank and since they’ll likely be walking home or taking public transportation, it’s nice to at least blend in.

 WHAT I DIDN’T REALIZE ABOUT FOOD BANKS

  • A lot of people have diabetes in this group. Consider low-sugar dietary restrictions.
  • Some food banks have a recording (or a live person) who will explain their top needs of the moment by phone.
  • Cans and boxes are sturdier than bags. By the time families are receiving the food, it’s been handled A LOT and packaging needs to be strong enough to hold up. One food bank said never bring anything in glass, ever.
  • Pop-top cans are ideal; particularly for those living on the streets.
  • Think about weekends and school breaks. Kids who qualify for free lunches typically receive breakfast at school too and when schools are out for holidays or summer, these families need more support.
  • Many families are in crisis at this time in their lives and food banks often work in tandem with churches or other non-profit programs to get them back on their feet. The Salvation Army in Durham, for example, coordinates with First Baptist Church’s “Jobs for Life” program. Recipients get interview training and in some cases, a ride to the mall where they’re coached on asking for job applications.

  These are the top priorities for the food banks I spoke with in my area. But there are still plenty of other things to give–and keep in mind what’s needed here might vary from your area, and definitely from season to season. “

 

Thanks to Foodlets.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capitol Hill Cold Open – Saturday Night Live

 

 

 

Published on Nov 23, 2014

” A bill (Kenan Thompson) and an executive order (Bobby Moynihan) explain how government really works with a little help from President Obama (Jay Pharaoh). “

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Rather than claiming 97 percent of scientists believe in man-made global warming, hopefully now some media outlets will revise that number closer to 50 percent.

  Contrary to the repeated insistence of both climate alarmists and the media, scientists do not all agree on the standard climate alarmism talking points.  A Purdue University scholar, surveying scientists in the agricultural sector including climatologists, found surprising disagreement on humanity’s role in climate change. These findings, though contrary to popular narrative on climate change, are unsurprising to anyone familiar with the prevalence of dissent in the scientific community.

  Linda Prokopy, a Professor of Natural Resource Social Science at Purdue University, surveyed more than six thousand farmers and scientists and found widespread disagreement on human contributions to climate change. While 90 percent of scientists and climatologists surveyed thought the climate was changing, only about 50.4 percent contended that humans were the primary cause of these changes.

  More shocking was that just 53 percent of climatologists surveyed thought “Climate change is occurring, and it is caused mostly by human activities.” While that number of climatologists was small, the result is still significant.

  This evidence is inconvenient to the many media outlets that have endlessly repeated that 97 percent of scientists endorse the global warming hypothesis. Prominent outlets like NBC and The New York Times, as well as countless others, have effectively shut down debate by asserting there is no scientific debate. “

NewsBusters

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

800 – Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.

1165 – Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome

1227 – Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa.

1248 – Conquest of Seville by the Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile.

1334 – St Clemens Flood: Dike breaks at Flemish/Zeeuwse/Dutch coast

1499 – Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV

1556 – King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts

1577 – Water Geuzen under capt Slope enter Amsterdam

1644 – Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship, and written by John Milton is published.

 

 

 

1654 – French mathematician, scientistand religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intensemystical vision that marks him for life.

 

 

 

 

 

1765 – People of Frederick County Md refuse to pay England’s Stamp tax

1783 – Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)

1835 – Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy NY)

1852 – Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced to drop 30′ (9m)

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard KnobTN begins

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Patent granted for a process of making color photographs

1864 – -25] Battle at Ball’s Ferry Georgia (30 casualties)

1867 – The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for rescuing two Irish men from jail.

1868 – Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process

 

 

 

1869 – In Dumbarton, Scotlandthe clipper Cutty Sark is launched – one of the last clippers ever to be builtand the only one still surviving to this day.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan

1892 – Battle of Lomani Congo: Belgian unit beats Arabs, 1000-3000 killed

1897 – Andrew J Beard invents “jerry coupler,” to connect railroad cars

1897 – Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love

1899 – 1st jukebox (Palais Royal Hotel, SF)

1899 – Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers

1903 – Enrico Caruso US debut (Metropolitan Opera House, NY) in “Rigoletto”

1904 – 3rd Olympic games close in St Louis

1906 – Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy

1909 – Wright Brothers forms million dollar corp to manufacture airplanes

1936 – 1st issue of Life, picture magazine created by Henry R Luce

1942 – Coast Guard Woman’s Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized

1942 – Col-gen Von Paul asks Hitler to surrender

1942 – German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad

1942 – Japans bombing of Port Darwin, Australia

 

 

 

1942 – Poon Lim set adrift for 133 days after his boat is torpedoed

 

 

 

 

 

1943 – US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japs

1944 – US 7th army under Gen Patch conquers Straatsburg

1945 – Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends

1946 – French Navy fire in Haiphong Vietnam, kills 6,000

1948 – Dr Frank G Back (NYC) patents lens to provide zoom effects

1954 – For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.

1960 – Tinseltown dedicated its Walk of Fame at Hollywood Blvd & Vine St

1962 – Dodgers shortstop Maury Wills is named NL’s MVP

1963 – “Doctor Who,” the long-running British sci-fi series debuts in England

1963 – JFK’s body, lay in repose in East Room of White House

1963 – LBJ proclaims Nov 25 a day of national mourning (for JFK)

1963 – Doctor Who first broadcast

1964 – Vatican abolished Latin as official language of Roman Catholic liturgy

1966 – Chicago outfielder Tommie Agee is voted AL Rookie of Year

1971 – China People’s Republic seated in UN Security Council

1974 – 60 Ethiopia government officials executed

1976 – Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment.

1977 – European weather satellite Meteosat 1 launched from Cape Canaveral

1979 – Pink Floyd’s “The Wall” released, sells 6 million copies in 2 weeks

1980 – 4,800 die in series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy

1982 – Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB & mated for STS-6

1982 – FCC drops limits on duration & frequency of TV ads

1983 – USSR leave weapon disarmament talks

1984 – Boston College QB Doug Flutie passes (472 yards), including game ending 48 yard TD (Hail Mary Pass) to end game & beat Miami 47-45

 

 

 

1985 – 58 die as Egyptian commandos storm hijacked Egyptair jet in Malta

 

 

 

 

 

1985 – Retired CIA analyst Larry Wu-tai Chin, arrested of spying for China

1989 – Pilots Union give up sympathy strike against Eastern Airlines

1991 – A day before he dies, Freddie Mercury, 45, confirms he has AIDS

1991 – Brigham Young Ty Detmer finishes NCAA career with record 4,031 yards passed in a season & 15,031 for career

1992 – 10,000,000 cellular telephone sold

2003 – Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.

2005 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country.

2007 – MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.

2009 – The Maguindanao massacre occurs in Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Mindanao, Philippines

2010 – The Bombardment of Yeonpyeong occurs on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea. The North Korean artillery attack kills 2 civilians and 2 South Korean marines.

2011 – Arab Spring: After 11 months of protests in Yemen, The Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh Signs a deal to transfer power to the vice president, in exchange for legal immunity.

 

 

 

Births

912 – Otto I, the Great, German king, Holy Roman emperor (962-73)

1221 – Alfonso X (the Wise), king of Castile & Leon (1252-84)

1402 – Jean de Dunois, French soldier (d. 1468)

1417 – William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)

1553 – Prospero Alpini, Italy, botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)

1616 – John Wallis, English mathematician/cryptographer (product of Wallis)

1632 – Jean Mabillon, French palaeographer and diplomat (d. 1707)

1705 – Thomas Birch, English historian (d. 1766)

1715 – Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)

1749 – Edward Rutledge, (Gov-SC)/attorney/signer (Decl of Independence)

 

 

 

1804 – Franklin PierceHillsboro NH, (D14th Pres (1853-1857)

 

 

 

 

 

1809 – Horatio Phillips Van Cleve, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1815 – William Dennison, postmaster/general (Union), died in 1882

 

 

 

1819 – Benjamin Mayberry PrentissMjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1901

 

 

 

 

 

1820 – Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)

1837 – Johannes van der Waals, Leiden, Netherlands, physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid & Gas States), (d. 1923)

 

 

 

1859 – Billy the Kid, [William H Bonney], NYCfrontier outlaw, (d. 1881)

 

 

 

 

 

1860 – Karl Branting, Sweden, statesman/diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1921)

1864 – Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936)

1869 – Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer (d. 1942)

 

 

 

1878 – Ernest J KingUS fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations (WW II)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1883 – Jose Clemente Orozco, Mexico, painter (Epic of Culture in New World)

 

 

 

1887 – Boris Karloff, [William H Pratt], Dulwich Engldactor (Frankenstein)

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – Henry Moseley, English physicist (d. 1915)

1888 – Harpo Marx, [Adolph] NYC, actor/comedian (Marx brothers)

1894 – Ture Persson, Sweden, sprinter (Olympic-silver-1912)

1897 – Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (d. 1999)

 

 

 

1902 – Aaron BankAmerican OSS officer and founder of the US Army Special Forces (d. 2004)

 

 

 

 

1908 – Nelson S. Bond, American science fiction writer (d. 2006)

1914 – [Arthur] Wilson “Bob” Tucker, US, sci-fi author (Time Masters)

1920 – Wayne Thiebaud, American painter

 

 

 

1923 – R. L. BurnsideAmerican bluesman ,musician (d. 2005)

 

Poor Black Mattie

Rollin and Tumblin

Goin’ Down South

 

 

 

 

1923 – Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)

1925 – Johnny Mandel, American songwriter

1931 – Yevgeni Grischin, USSR, 500m/1500m speed skater (Oly-gold-1956, 60)

1931 – Gloria Lynne, American singer

1932 – Michael Knight, air chief marshall/British leader (NATO)

1933 – Hayes Jenkins, US, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1956)

1934 – Michael Wayne, producer (McQ, Chisum, Green Berets, McLintock)

1934 – Robert Towne, producer/screenwriter (Chinatown)

1939 – Betty Everett, US singer (Getting Mighty Crowded)

1941 – Franco Nero, Italian actor

1942 – Susan Anspach, American actress

1943 – Andrew Goodman, civil rights worker, murdered in 1964

1944 – Joe Eszterhas, screenwriter (Basic Instinct, Showgirls)

 

 

 

1945 – Steve LandesbergBronx NYcomedian/actor (Barney Miller)

 

Videos

 

 

 

1946 – Diana Quick, London England, actress (Brideshead, Big Sleep, Odd Job)

1948 – Bruce Vilanch, American comedy writer

1951 – Bernd Landvoigt, German DR, coxless pairs (Olympics-gold-1976)

1951 – David Rappaport, London England, 3’11” actor (Wizard, Time Bandits)

1952 – Bill Troiano, musician

1954 – Bruce Hornsby, Williamsburg Va, rock vocalist

1955 – Steven Brust, [Karl Zoltan], US, sci-fi author (Yendi, Jhereg)

1956 – Shane Gould, Brisbane Queensland, swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1972)

1957 – John “Jellybean” Benitez, music producer

1959 – Dominique Dunne, American actress (d. 1982)

1960 – Jayananda Warnaweera, cricketer (Sri Lankan fastish off-spin bowler)

1960 – Robin Roberts, American television reporter

1961 – Keith Ablow, American psychiatrist and author

1962 – Mike Nocito, rocker

1965 – Rodion Gataullin, Uzbekistan, pole vaulter (Olympics-silver-88)

1966 – Charlie Grover, musician (Sponge)

1967 – Diane O’Grady, North Bay Ontario, rower (Olympics-96)

1968 – Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar and lexicographer

1970 – Oded Fehr, Israeli actor

1980 – David Britz, American nano-technologist

1980 – Jonathan Papelbon, American baseball player

1991 – Anurag Kashyap, 2005 Scripps National Spelling Bee champion

1992 – Miley Cyrus, Nashville, Tennessee, actress and singer (Hannah Montana, The Climb)

 

 

 

Deaths

615 – Columbanus, Irish monastery founder/poet/saint (Poenitentiale), dies

947 – Berthold, Duke of Bavaria

955 – Edred, King of England (b. c. 923)

1249 – Ajjoeb, sultan of Egypt, dies

1407 – Louis, duke of Orleans, murdered

1503 – Bona of Savoy, Italian noblewoman (b. 1449)

1503 – Margaret of York, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1446)

 

 

 

1616 – Richard HakluytEnglish writer , geographer (b. 1552)

 

 

 

 

 

1763 – Friedrich Graf von Seckendorf, German soldier (b. 1673)

1783 – Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)

1814 – Elbridge Gerry, US merchant/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 70

1865 – René E de Russy, West Indian/US brig-general, dies at about 75

1902 – Walter Reed, US bacteriologist (Yellow Fever), dies

1937 – Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1858)

1937 – George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (b. 1858)

 

 

 

1973 – Sessue Hayakawaactor (Tokyo Joe)dies of cerebral thrombosis at 83

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – Cornelius Ryanwar reporter/historian (Bridge too Far), dies at 54

 

 

 

 

 

1979 – Merle Oberon, actress (Assignment Foreign Legion), dies at 68

1990 – Bo Diaz, catcher, crushed to death by a satellite dish at 37

 

 

 

1990 – Roald DahlBritish short story author (Sweet Mystery of Life), dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

1991 – Klaus Kinski, actor (Android, Little Drummer Girl), dies at 65

1992 – Ray Acuff, country singer (Wahbash Cannonball), dies

1993 – Gerarda “Meik” Rueter, sculptor, dies at 89

1995 – Junior Walker, tenor saxophonist, dies of cancer at 64

1995 – Louis Malle, film director (Pretty Baby), dies at 63

2001 – O.C. Smith, American singer (b. 1932)

2006 – Betty Comden, American lyricist (b. 1917)

 

 

 

2006 – Alexander LitvinenkoRussian spy (b. 1962)

 

 

 

 

 

2006 – Anita O’Day, American singer (b. 1919)

2006 – Willie Pep, American boxer (b. 1922)

2011 – Oscar Griffin Jr, American journalist and 1963 Pulitzer Prize winner, dies at 78

2011 – Jim Rathmann, 1960 Indianapolis 500 winner, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These Are The Most Stressed Out ZIP Codes In America

 

 

These Are The Most Stressed ZIP Codes In America

 

 

 

 

” How’s your day at work going? Well, we hope it’s not too bad, considering how stressful things can be nowadays. Bills to pay, rent that’s due, long commutes…it’s enough to make you want to tear your hair out. Could things really be any worse?

  As it turns out, yes, it could be much worse. Don’t believe us? Well, here at the Movoto Real Estate Blog, we tend to be pretty good at making lists, and it doesn’t stress us out too much, so, we decided to make a list of the absolute most stressful ZIP codes to call home. Some of them will probably be a bit surprising.

The most stressed ZIP codes in the nation were:

1. 44093, Williamsfield, OH
2. 38647, Michigan City, MS
3. 93640, Mendota, CA
4. 36776, Sawyerville, AL
5. 38617, Coahoma, MS
6. 37018, Beechgrove, TN
7. 39743, Crawford, MS
8. 77032, Houston, TX
9. 85172, Stanfield, AZ
10. 29915, Daufuskie Island, SC

 

  Now, you’re probably thinking that there’s no possible way that some little place in Ohio is more stressed out than your home ZIP. To find out how we got these results, just head down to the very next section, where we talk about our methods. If you’re curious about the 50 most stressed out spots, you can check the chart at the bottom and see if your home ranked. “

 

Read the rest and find out where your neighborhood stands 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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