Category: History


Today In The Past

 

 

Events

876 – Charles becomes king of Italy

1504 – By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon

 

 

 

1578 – Battle of Gembloux

 

 

 

 

1596 – Catholic League disjoins

1609 – Wisselbank of Amsterdam established

1675 – Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft

1747 – The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.

1779 – Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog

1804 – British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao

1846 – After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

1851 – Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk

1855 – Western railroads blocked by snow

1861 – State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans

1862 – Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius

1863 – 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army

1865 – Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)

1865 – Gen Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies

1871 – Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkens sky

1874 – Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

1876 – The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.

1895 – Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba

1901 – Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal

1905 – 1st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach

1906 – Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter

1915 – 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians

1917 – Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship

1918 – A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

1919 – The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland.

1920 – Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates

1928 – Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company

1930 – 1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, NJ

1933 – Hitler promises parliamentary democracy

1934 – FDR devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce

1936 – “Green Hornet” radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit

1940 – 40 U boats sunk this month (111,000 ton)

1941 – 21 U boats sunk this month (127,000 ton)

1942 – 62 U boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)

1943 – 39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)

1943 – Chile breaks contact with Germany & Japan

1943 – Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad

1944 – Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June

1944 – U-592 sunk off Ireland

 

 

 

1944 – US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll

 

 

 

1945 – US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath

1948 – Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway

1950 – President Harry Truman publicly announces development of H-bomb

1950 – Pres Harry Truman OKs building of hydrogen bomb

1953 – “Princess Victoria” capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die

1953 – Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835

1957 – Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished

1957 – Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.

1958 – US launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1

1961 – David Ben-Gurion resigns as premier of Israel

1961 – Ham is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2

1961 – USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights

1962 – Gen Charles P Cabell, USAF, ends term as deputy director of CIA

1962 – Samuel Gravely assumes command of destroyer escort “USS Falgout”

1964 – US report “Smoking & Health” connects smoking to lung cancer

1966 – Belgian state police kills 2 striking mine workers

1968 – Record high barometric pressure (1083.8 mb, 32″), at Agata, USSR

1969 – Beatles perform last live gig (42-min concert on roof of Apple HQs)

1969 – Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, ends term as deputy director of CIA

1970 – Grateful Dead members busted on LSD charges

1971 – “My Sweet Lord” by George Harrison hit #1 on UK pop chart

1971 – Apollo 14 launched, 1st landing in lunar highlands

1971 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1974 – MacDonald’s founder Ray Kroc buys San Diego Padres

1978 – Israel turns 3 milt outposts in West Bank into civilian settlements

1980 – Police storm occupied Spanish embassy in Guatemala City, killing 41

1981 – “The Tide Is High” by Blondie hits #1

1982 – 10 Arabian oryx (extinct except in zoos) released in Oman

1984 – Edwin Newman retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network

1986 – Mary Lund of Minn, is 1st female recipient of an artificial heart

1988 – Barge sinks near Anacortes, WA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil

1990 – 1st McDonalds in Russia opens in Moscow, world’s biggest McDonalds

1990 – The first McDonald’s in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow, USSR.

1991 – Robert Gibson flies record 27,040 feet altitude

1994 – Dow Jones hits a record 3,978.36

1995 – President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.

2001 – In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.

2003 – The Waterfall rail accident occurs near Waterfall, New South Wales, Australia.

2009 – In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people.

 

Births

36 BC – Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor (d. 38 AD)

877 – Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (d. 943)

1512 – King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)

1543 – Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of Japan (d. 1616)

1550 – Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader (d. 1588)

1597 – John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)

1620 – Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief

 

 

 

1734 – Robert Morrismerchant (signed Declaration of Independence)(20th ?)

 

 

 

 

 

1752 – Gouverneur MorrisAmerican lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)

 

 

 

 

 

1802 – Jan C J van Speijk, Dutch naval hero

 

 

 

1810 – Daniel RugglesBrigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897

 

 

 

 

 

1812 – John Randolph Tucker, Capt (Confederate Navy), died in 1883

1813 – Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist

1817 – Antony Winkler Prins, Dutch writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia)

1818 – William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871

1857 – George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)

1865 – Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)

1868 – Theodore William Richards, chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)

 

 

 

1872 – Zane GreyAmerican Western novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)

 

 

 

 

 

1877 – Max Ettlinger, German philosopher

1881 – Irving Langmuir, inventor (tungsten filament lamp/Nobel 1932)

1881 – Joseph A Cushman, US, palaentologist

1884 – Nicholas Joy, Paris France, actor (Boss Lady)

1892 – Eddie Cantor, NYC, comedian (Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater)

1893 – Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer

1896 – Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)

1902 – Alva Myrdal, Uppsala Sweden, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize-1982)

1902 – Jean C M Picart le Doux, France, carpet designer

1902 – Julian H Steward, US anthropologist/professor

1903 – Gardner Cowles, Iowa, publisher/founder (Look Magazine)

1903 – Tallulah Bankhead, Huntsville Ala, actress (Lifeboat, Die Die Darling)

1905 – John O’Hara, Pottstown Penn, novelist (Appointment at Samarra)

1909 – Foley Newns, British colonial administrator

1911 – Christina Foyle, book seller

1914 – Jersey Joe Walcott, heavyweight boxing champ (1951-52)

1914 – Louis Osman, architect/artist/goldsmith

1915 – Bobby Hackett, Providence RI, trumpeteer/orchestra leader (Air Time ’57)

1915 – John Profumo, president (Toynbee Hall)

1915 – Thomas Merton, France, Trappist monk/poet/essayist (7 Storey Mt)

1915 – Alan Lomax, American musicologist (d. 2002)

1916 – Violet Cane, statistician

1919 – Jackie Robinson, Ga, 1st black major league baseball player (Dodgers)

1921 – Carol Channing, Wash, actress (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Hello Dolly)

1921 – John Agar, Chicago, actor (Fort Apache, Sands of Iwo Jima)

1921 – Mario Lanza, Phila, actor/singer (Great Caruso, Toast of New Orleans)

1921 – E. Fay Jones, American architect (d. 2004)

1923 – Joanne Dru, Logan WV, actress (Guestwood Ho, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon)

1923 – Norman Mailer, Long Branch NJ, NYC mayoral candidate/novelist (Naked & the Dead), (d. 2007)

1925 – Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader

1928 – Chuck Willis, rock vocalist (C C Rider)

1928 – Eric Ash, rector (Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine)

1929 – Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist, Nobel laureate

1929 – Jean Simmons, London, England, actress (Thorn Birds, Guys & Dolls)

1930 – Joakim Bonnier, Swedish racecar driver (d. 1972)

1931 – Ernie Banks, Dallas Texas, “Mr Cub” Chicago Cubs, Hall-of-Famer (short stop/1st baseman)

1934 – James Franciscus, Clayton Mo, actor (Mr Novak, Longstreet, Hunter)

1934 – Ron Weatherburn, jazz pianist

1936 – Marvin Junior, singer (Dells-Oh What a Night)

1937 – Philip Glass, Baltimore Md, minimal composer (Einstein on the Beach)

 

 

 

1937 – Suzanne PleshetteNYCactress (BirdsEmily-Bob Newhart Show)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1938 – Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, queen of Netherlands (1980- )

1940 – Jessica Walter, Bkln NY, actress (Play Misty For Me, Amy Prentiss)

1940 – Stuart Margolin, Davenport Iowa, actor (Love American Style)

1941 – Richard A Gephardt, (Rep-D-MO, 1977- )

 

 

 

1944 – Charley Musselwhiteblues musician (Stand BackLouisiana Fog)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1946 – Terry Kath, rocker (Chicago-If You Leave Me Now)

 

 

 

1947 – Nolan Ryanpitcher (Mets, Angels, Astros) (7 no-hitters5,714 Ks)

 

 

 

 

 

1951 – Harry Casey, [KC], rock vocalist (KC & Sunshine Band-Give It)

1951 – Phil Manzanera, rock guitarist (Roxy Music-Let’s Stick Together)

1951 – Dave Benton, Aruban-born singer

1954 – Adrian Vandenberg, Amsterdam Neth, rock guitarist (Whitesnake)

1956 – Johnny Rotten, [John Lydon], rocker (Sex Pistols-God Save the Queen)

1957 – Brett “the Hitman” Hart, Alberta Canada, WWF champion

1957 – Shirley F Babashoff, California, swimmer (Olympics-6 silver/2 gold-72, 76)

1958 – Tom Schuman, pianist (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance)

1959 – Anthony LaPaglia, actor (Murder One)

1959 – Kelly Lynch, actress (Drugstore Cowboy)

1959 – Kelly Moore, American stock car driver

1960 – Elaine Roque, Santa Monica Ca, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1960 – Grant Morrison, British comic book author

1961 – Lloyd Cole, guitar/vocals (& the Commotions-Rattlesnakes)

1963 – Scott Ian Rosenfeld, Bayside NY, rocker (Anthrax-Protest & Survive)

1964 – Sharon Cain, San Antonio TX, team handball center back (Olympics-1996)

1964 – Jeff Hanneman, American musician (Slayer)

1965 – Adam Johnson, Portland Ore, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1965 – Kim Clarke, Tulsa Oklahoma, team handball back court (Olympics-88, 92, 96)

1969 – Mathew Pallister, Sydney NSW Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1970 – Rachel Jean Marteen, Atlanta GA, playmate (Aug, 1995)

1971 – Minnie Driver, actress (Good Will Hunting)

1973 – Portia de Rossi, Australian actress

1974 – Pavi Sald, ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Oly-98)

1974 – Tory Toogood, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1976 – Buddy Rice, American race car driver

1977 – Naomi Darrell, Miss Bermuda Universe (1997)

1977 – Kate Shindle, American actress

1977 – Kerry Washington, American actress

1978 – Brad Rutter, Jeopardy! champion

1980 – Tiffany Limos, American actress

1981 – Justin Timberlake, Memphis, Tennessee, singer-songwriter (Sexyback, My Love)

 

 

 

Deaths

743 – Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia Imam (b. 676)

1398 – Emperor Sukō (b. 1334)

1435 – Xuande, Emperor of China (b. 1398)

1561 – Menno Simonsz, Dutch priest/vicar (Foundation Book), dies

1561 – Bairam Khan, Great Mughal General, regent for Akbar

 

 

 

1606 – Guy Fawkesconvicted in the “Gunpowder Plot“, executed at 35

 

 

 

 

1632 – Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)

1720 – Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)

1729 – Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)

1736 – Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (b. 1678)

1788 – [Bonnie Prince Charlie] Charles E Stuart, English pretender to the throne, dies at 67

1790 – Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)

1794 – Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)

1815 – José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)

1828 – Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter, dies at 35

1844 – Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)

1888 – John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)

1907 – Timothy Eaton, Canadian department store founder (b. 1834)

 

 

 

1945 – Eddie Slovik1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25

 

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Edwin H Armstrong, US radio inventor (FM), commits suicide at 63

1955 – John R Mott, US theologist/founder (YMCA, Nobel 1946), dies at 89

1956 – A. A. Milne, English author (b. 1882)

1967 – Chief Thundercloud, actor (Ambush, Colt 45, Typhoon), dies at 100

 

 

 

1970 – Slim Harpo, [James Moore], bluesmandies at 46

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1973 – Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist (Nobel 1969), dies at 77

1974 – Glenn Morris, olympian/actor (Tarzan’s Revenge), dies at 61

1974 – Samuel Goldwyn, Polish/English/US film magnate (MGM), dies at 91

1990 – Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)

1994 – Pierre Boulle, French writer (Executioner), dies at 81

1996 – Gustave Solomon, mathematician, dies at 65

1997 – John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)

2000 – Gil Kane, Latvian-born comic book writer (b. 1926)

 

 

 

2002 – Francis GabreskiAmerican fighter pilot (b. 1919)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004 – Eleanor Holm, American swimmer (b. 1913)

2006 – Moira Shearer, Scottish actress (The Red Shoes) and ballerina (b. 1926)

2007 – Molly Ivins, American political columnist and author (b. 1944)

2007 – Adelaide Tambo, South African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)

2012 – Mike Kelley, American artist, commits suicide at 57

2012 – Anthony Bevilacqua, American cardinal, dies at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific Consensus That 2014 Was Record Hottest Year? NO

 

2014 Temps Global

 

 

 

” So the results are in. The main US global-temperature scorekeepers – NASA and the NOAA – say that last year was definitely the hottest year on record. But they’ve been contradicted by a highly authoritative scientific team, one actually set up to try an establish objective facts in this area.

  On the face of it, there’s no dispute. The NASA and NOAA (National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration) statement says:

  The year 2014 ranks as Earth’s warmest since 1880, according to two separate analyses by NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scientists.

 Open and shut, right?

  But in fact, detecting a global average temperature rise – of less than a degree since the 1880s, as all sides agree – among thousands upon thousands of thermometer readings from all over the world and spanning more than a century is no simple matter. The temperature at any given location is surging up and down by many degrees each day and even more wildly across a year. It can be done, across a timescale of decades, but trying to say that one year is hotter or colder than the next is to push the limits of statistics and the available data. This sort of thing is why the battle over global temperatures tends to be so hotly debated.

  A few years ago, a new dataset was established called the Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature project. It was intended to address various issues raised by climate skeptics: but in fact it has plumped down firmly on the warmist side of the debate, saying that in fact there are no undue biases in the temperature records, changes in the Sun do not have any major climate effects, and so on.

  Now, however, the BEST boffins have broken ranks with the NASA/NOAA/UK Met Office climate establishment and bluntly contradicted the idea that one can simply say “2014 was the hottest year on record”. According to BEST’s analysis (pdf):

  Our best estimate for the global temperature of 2014 puts it slightly above (by 0.01 C) that of the next warmest year (2010) but by much less than the margin of uncertainty (0.05 C). Therefore it is impossible to conclude from our analysis which of 2014, 2010, or 2005 was actually the warmest year.

  That may seem like not such a big deal, but it is really. At the moment the big debate in this area is about the “hiatus” – has global warming been stalled for the last fifteen-years-plus, or not? “

 

Read it all at The Register

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

1077 – Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV

1349 – Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king

1349 – Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred

1467 – Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hung king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici

1487 – Bell chimes invented

1522 – Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland

1544 – Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland

1661 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.

1774 – Capt Cook reaches 71°10′ south, 1820km from south pole (record)

1781 – Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland

1790 – Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor

1798 – Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument

1800 – US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)

1804 – Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River

1806 – Prussia takes possession of Hanover

1806 – The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened.

1815 – Burned Library of Congress reestablished with Jefferson’s 6500 vols

1826 – The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world’s first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.

1835 – Richard Lawrence misfires at Pres Andrew Jackson in Washington DC

1841 – A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.

 

 

 

1862 – US Navy’s 1st ironclad warship , USS Monitorlaunched

 

 

 

 

 

1889 – John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48″ (120cm) telescope

1889 – Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.

1892 – Capt Lugard occupies Uganda’s King Mwanga’s hide out

1894 – Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit

1894 – US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham

1895 – SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed

1911 – 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba

1913 – House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill

1915 – German submarine attack on Le Havre

 

 

 

1917 – 1st jazz record recorded (Dark Town Strutters Ball)

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – World Law Day, 1st celebrated

1928 – 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US

1931 – Charlie Chaplin’s “City Lights” premieres at Los Angeles Theater

1933 – “Lone Ranger” begins a 21-year run on ABC radio

1933 – Adolph Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen

1934 – 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC

1935 – Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of “Cantos”

1937 – 2nd of Stalin’s purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death

1939 – Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile

1939 – Hitler calls for extermination of European Jews

1940 – Benjamin Britten’s “Lesson Illuminations” premieres in London

1941 – Australian troops conquer Derna Libya

1942 – Japanese troops land on Ambon

1943 – 6 British Mosquito’s daylight bomb Berlin

1943 – German assault on French in Tunisia

1943 – German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth

1943 – Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to general-fieldmarshal

1943 – USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean

1944 – US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands

1944 – World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.

1945 – “Wilhelm Gustloff” torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 7,700 die

1946 – 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime

1948 – 5th Winter Olympic games open in St Moritz, Switzerland

1948 – Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse

1951 – Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio

1956 – Elvis Presley records his version of “Blue Suede Shoes”

1956 – Martin Luther King Jr’s home bombed

1957 – US Congress accepts “Eisenhower-doctrine”

1958 – 1st 2-way moving sidewalk in service, Dallas Tx

1958 – House of Lords passes bill allowing women in

1960 – CIA OKs Lockheed to produce a new U-2 aircraft (Oxcart)

1960 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss

1961 – Bobby Darin is youngest performer to headline a TV special on NBC

1962 – 2 members of Flying Wallendas’ high-wire act killed when their 7-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit

1964 – Military coup of Gen Nguyen Khanh in South Vietnam

1965 – “The Name Game” by Shirley Ellis hits #3

1965 – State funeral of Winston Churchill

1966 – -19°F (-28°C), Corinth, Mississippi (state record)

1966 – -27°F (-33°C), New Market, Alabama (state record)

1968 – Bobby Goldsboro records his biggest hit, “Honey”

 

 

 

1968 – Vietcong launch Tet-offensive on US embassy in Saigon

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Beatles perform their last gig together, a free concert

1969 – US/Canada ISIS 1 launched to study ionosphere

1971 – UCLA starts 88 basketball game win streak

1972 – Bloody Sunday: Brit soldiers shoot on catholics in Londonderry, 13 die

1973 – Jury finds Watergate defendants Liddy & McCord guilty on all counts

1973 – KISS plays their 1st show (Coventry Club in Queens NY)

1976 – George Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977)

1976 – William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA

1978 – Addie Joss & Larry MacPhail elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1979 – Varig 707-323C freighter, flown by the same commander as Flight 820, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.

1982 – Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called “Elk Cloner”.

1983 – Superbowl XVII: Wash Red Skins beat Miami Dolphins, 27-17 in Pasadena Superbowl MVP: John Riggins, Washington, RB

1989 – 5 Pharaoh sculptures from 1470 BC found at temple of Luxor

1989 – Joel Steinberg found guilty of 1st degree manslaughter of daughter

1989 – Olympian, Bruce Kimball, is sentenced to 17 years in prison for killing 2 teenagers in a drunk driving accident

1989 – The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.

1993 – 100,000n Europeans demonstrate against fascism & racism

1994 – Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (35.76)

1994 – Superbowl XXVIII: Dallas Cowboys beat Buffalo Bills, 30-13 in Atlanta Superbowl MVP: Emmitt Smith, Dallas, RB

1994 – Péter Lékó becomes the youngest chess grand master.

1995 – Car bomb explodes in Algiers, 42 killed/296 injured

1995 – Kevin Eubanks officially becomes band leader of “Tonight Show”

1995 – Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.

1996 – Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit.

1997 – Minuteman III launches

2000 – Super Bowl XXXIV: St. Louis Rams beat Tennessee Titans, 23-16 at the Georgia Dome Atlanta MVP: Kurt Warner, St. Louis, QB

 

 

Births

133 – Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)

1505 – Thomas Tallis, English composer (d. 1585)

1563 – Franciscus Gomarus, [Francois Gomaer], Dutch theologist/opera singer

 

 

 

1615 – Thomas RolfeAmerican colonial settler and only child of Pocahontas and John Rolfe (d. 1675)

 

 

 

 

 

1616 – William Sancroft, Archbishop (Canterbury)

1624 – Arnold Geulincx, South Netherland, philosopher (About Virtue)

1661 – Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)

1687 – [Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, baptized

1708 – Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist

1720 – Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)

1754 – John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (d. 1829)

1797 – Edwin Vose Sumner, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

1816 – Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1894

1822 – John Basil Turchin, [Ivan Turchinoff], Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1829 – Alfred Cummings, Georgia, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1910

1835 – Oliver Edwards, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1904

1841 – Alfred Townsend George, Civil War journalist, died in 1914

1844 – Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, German gen/gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17)

1846 – Francis H Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism)

1882 – Franklin Roosevelt, New Hyde Park NY, 32nd US President (1933-1945), (d. 1945)

1885 – John Henry Towers, aviator/naval hero

1899 – Max Theiler, English/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)

1900 – Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)

1909 – Saul David Alinsky, Chic Ill, radical writer (John L Lewis)

1911 – Alexander George Ogston, biochemist

1911 – Roy Eldridge, Pitts Pa, jazz trumpeter (Gene Krupa, Artie Shaw)

 

 

 

1912 – Barbara TuchmanUS, historian/author (PulitzerGuns of August)

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – Jadwiga Wajsowna-Marcinkiewicz, discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1932)

1914 – David Wayne, Traverse City Mich, actor (Andromeda Strain, Adams Rib)

1914 – John Ireland, Vancouver BC, actor (Rawhide, Gunfight at OK Corral)

1914 – Louis Osman, artist architect goldsmith medallist/craftsman

1915 – John D Profumo, England, politician (C)

1915 – Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976, by assassination)

1917 – Paul Frère, Belgian racing driver and motorsport journalist d. 2008)

1920 – Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)

1922 – Dick Martin, Detroit Mich, actor/comedian (Laugh-In, Carbon Copy)

1925 – Dorothy Malone, Chic, actress (At Gunpoint, Night & Day, Peyton Place)

1925 – Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist

1927 – Olof Palme, Stockholm, PM of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86) assassinated

1928 – Harold Prince, US producer/director (West Side Story, Evita)

1930 – Gene Hackman, San Bernardino California, actor (Bonnie & Clyde, Under Fire, Superman)

1930 – Samuel J. Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (d. 1974)

1931 – Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author

1932 – Kazuo Inamori, Japanese business executive (Kyocera Ceramics Co)

1933 – Louis Rukeyser, financial whiz (Wall Street Week)

1934 – Tammy Grimes, Lynn Mass, actress (Can’t Stop the Music)

1935 – Richard Brautigan, Tacoma Washington, novelist/poet (Trout Fishing in America)

1937 – Boris Spassky, USSR, world chess champion (1969-72)

1937 – Vanessa Redgrave, London, actress (Blow-Up, Julia, Orient Express)

1939 – Eleanor Smeal, feminist/pres (NOW)

1939 – Nick Gaselee, racehorse trainer

1941 – Dick Cheney, Lincoln, Nebraska, 46th US Vice President

1941 – Joe Terranoua, rocker (Danny & The Juniors)

 

 

 

1941 – Gregory BenfordAmerican Sci-Fi author and scientist

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Marty Balin, Cincinnati, singer (Jefferson Starship-Miracles)

1944 – John Thornton, English chocolate factory/multi-millionaire

1944 – Lynn Harrell, NYC, cellist

1947 – Steve Marriott, rock guitarist/vocalist (Humble Pie-Eat It, Faces)

1948 – Paul Magee, Provisional Irish Republican Army member

1949 – Peter Agre, American biologist, Nobel laureate

1951 – Charles S Dutton, Balt Md, actor (Alien 3, Crocodile Dundee 2, Roc)

1951 – Phil Collins, England, singer/drummer (Genesis-Against All Odds)

1955 – Curtis Strange, Norfolk VA, PGA golfer (1989 US Open)

1955 – Judith Tarr, US, sci-fi author (Isle of Glass, Ars Magica)

1955 – Michael Thompson, guitarist (Afterburn, Fresh, Sahara, Gridlock’d)

1956 – Keiichi Tsuchiya, Japanese racing driver

1957 – William Payne Stewart, Springfield MO, PGA golfer (1983 Walt Disney)

1958 – Brett Butler, Montgomery Ala, comedienne (Grace-Grace Under Fire)

1959 – Jody Watley, Chic, dancer (Solid Gold)/singer (Looking For a New Love)

1960 – Tony O’Dell, Pasadena California, actor (Alan Pinkard-Head of the Class)

1962 – King Abdullah II of Jordan

1962 – Mary Kay Letourneau, American convicted statutory rapist

1965 – Julie McCullough, Honolulu Hi, playmate (Feb 86)/actr (Growing Pains)

1966 – Daphne Ashbrook, Long Beach California, actress (Liz-Our Family Honor)

1967 – Bill Leverty, Richmond Va, guitarist (Firehouse-Love of a Lifetime)

1968 – Felipe de Borbon, Prince of Asturias, heir to Spanish throne

1969 – Carolyn Kepcher, American businesswoman and reality TV show star

1974 – Christian Bale, Wales, actor (Empire of the Sun, Little Women)

1974 – Jemima Khan, English socialite

1979 – Diva Zappa, daughter of Frank

1979 – Karen Smith, Australian field hockey midfielder/halfback (Olympics-96)

1980 – Leilani Dowding, British glamour model

1980 – Wilmer Valderrama, American actor

1981 – Mathias Lauda, Austrian racing driver

1985 – Aaadietya Pandey, Indian astrologer

1987 – Rebecca Knox, Irish professional wrestler

1990 – Jake Thomas, American actor

 

 

Deaths

1030 – William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)

1156 – Herman van Horn, bishop of Utrecht (1151/52-56), dies

1181 – Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)

1384 – Louis II of Flanders (b. 1330)

1393 – Aimery Poitiers, French nobleman, burned at royal ball

1393 – Yvain, son of earl of Foix, burned at royal ball

1584 – Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum, mister of Nienoord, dies in battle

1649 – Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason

1836 – Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag (b. 1752)

1838 – Osceola, chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail

1858 – Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)

1888 – Asa Gray, US botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77

1928 – Douglas Haig, Brit fieldmarshal (Sudan/Boer war/WW I), dies at 66

1928 – Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)

1934 – Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1862)

1947 – Frederick F Blackman, English botanist, dies at 80

1948 – Mahatma Gandhi, India’s political and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi

1948 – Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76

1951 – Ferdinand Porsche, German car inventor (Porsche), dies at 75

1953 – Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68

1958 – Earnest H Heinkel, German airplane builder (WW II), dies at 70

1969 – Allan Welsh Dulles, US diplomat/director (CIA 1953-61), dies at 75

1969 – Dominique G Pire, clergyman, (Europe village Nobel 1958), dies at 58

 

 

 

1976 – Jesse “Lone Cat” FullerSF Blues Greatdies at 80

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1976 – Mance Lipscombbluesmanguitaristdies at 80

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1980 – Professor Longhairking of New Orleans musicdies at 61

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1982 – Lightnin’ HopkinsAmerican bluesman dies of cancer at 69(b. 1912)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1983 – [Dallas] Mack/McCord Reynolds, sci-fi author (Earth War), dies at 65

1991 – John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1908)

1991 – Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907)

1993 – Taikichiro Mori, Japanese real estate developer, dies at 88

1994 – Byron “Wild Child” Gipson, blues Singer, dies at 64

1994 – Ernestine “Tiny” Davis, jazz vocalist/trumpeter, dies at 86

1995 – George Richard James, saxophonist, dies at 88

1995 – Gerald M Durrell, British zoologist/author (Mockery Bird), dies at 70

1998 – Ricky Sanderson, stabbed 16-year old girl in NC, executed at 38

1999 – Huntz Hall, American actor (b. 1919)

2001 – Jean-Pierre Aumont, French actor (b. 1911)

 

 

 

2001 – Johnnie JohnsonBritish fighter pilot (b. 1915)

 

 

 

 

 

2001 – Joseph Ransohoff, the father of modern neurosurgery (b. 1915)

2006 – Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1927)

2007 – Sidney Sheldon, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1917)

2009 – Ingemar Johansson, Swedish heavyweight professional boxing champion of the world (b. 1932)

2011 – John Barry, English film score composer (b. 1933)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

904 – Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.

1523 – Sermon of Constanz: Zwingli defends 67 Schlussreden

1574 – Sea battle of Reimerswaal – Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet

1587 – Deventer & Zutphen surrender to Spain

1595 – William Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet is probably first performed.

1613 – Galileo observes Neptune but fails to recognize what he sees

1676 – Feodor III succeeds his father and becomes Tsar of Russia.

1802 – John Beckley of Virginia appointed 1st Librarian of Congress

1834 – Pres Jackson orders 1st use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute

1845 – Edgar Allen Poe’s “Raven” 1st published (NYC)

1850 – Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

 

 

 

1856 – Victoria Cross established to acknowledge bravery

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Kansas becomes 34th state

1863 – Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs indians

1879 – Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established

1886 – 1st successful gasoline-driven car patented, Karl Benz, Karlsruhe

1895 – King Koko’s Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100’s killed

1896 – Emile Grubbe is 1st dr to use radiation treatment for breast cancer

 

 

 

1900 – Boers under Joubert beat English at Spionkop Natal2,000 killed

 

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA

1916 – 1st bombings of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place

1917 – English submarine K13 leaves Gaire Loch

1920 – Walt Disney starts 1st job as an artist; $40 week with KC Slide Co

1923 – 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)

1924 – Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland

1925 – British Liberals choose David Lloyd George as party leader

1936 – 1st players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame-Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson

1943 – New Zealand’s Kiwi cruiser collides with Jap sub I-1 at Guadalcanal

1944 – 285 German bombers attack London

 

 

 

1944 – USS Missouri the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy is launched.

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – World War IIThe Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.

1951 – Liz Taylor’s 1st divorce (Conrad Hilton Jr)

1953 – 1st movie in Cinemascope (The Robe) premieres

1958 – Murderer, Charles Starkweather, captured by police in Wyoming

1959 – Walt Disney’s “Sleeping Beauty” released

1963 – Jim Thorpe, Red Grange & George Halas elected to football hall of fame

1964 – 9th Winter Olympic games open in Innsbruck, Austria

1964 – Stanley Kubrick’s”Dr Strangelove,” premieres

1964 – Unmanned Apollo 1 Saturn launcher test attains Earth orbit
w storm in north east US kills 165

1966 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1967 – Branch Rickey & Lloyd Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1969 – Jimi Hendrix & Peter Townshend wage a battle of guitars

1975 – 1st Annual Comedy Awards of the Year hosted by Alan King

1976 – Zeiss planetarium in Hague destroyed by fire

1979 – Brenda Spencer kills 2, inspires Boomtown Rats “I Don’t Like Mondays”

1979 – Chinese vice-premier Deng Xiaoping visits Washington, DC

1979 – Emerson, Lake & Palmer disband after 10 years together

1979 – Pres Carter commuted Patricia Hearst’s 7 year sentence to 2 years

 

 

 

1980 – 6 Iranian held US hostages escape with help of Canadians

 

 

 

 

 

1982 – Wayne Garland, baseball 1st millionaire free agent, waived by Indians

1983 – “Down Under” by Men At Work hit #1 on UK pop chart

1984 – Pres Reagan formally announces he will seek a 2nd term

1984 – Space Shuttle 41-B (STS-11) Challenger launched

1986 – 193.8 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

1987 – William J Casey, ends term as 13th director of CIA

1988 – United Airlines Boeing 747SP, circles world in 36h54m15s

1989 – Cleveland’s Chris Dudley misses 5 free throws during 1 foul attempt

1989 – Dow jumps 38.06 recoups 508-pt loss since Oct 1987; index at 2,256.43

1989 – USSR’s Phobos II enters Martian orbit

1989 – Game-winning RBI, official statistic dropped after 9 years of use NY Mets Keith Hernandez is the all-time leader with 129

1990 – Exxon Valdez capt Joseph Hazelwood goes on trial due to oil spill

1991 – Nelson Mandela & Mangosuthu Buthelezi meet after 28 years

1996 – 6,138th performance of “Cats” is held in London, surpassing record of Broadway’s longest-running musical, “A Chorus Line”

1998 – Soyuz TM-27 launches to MIR

1998 – Thick Fog causes highway carnage in Belgium & Netherlands, 6 die

1998 – Woman’s Clinic in Birmingham Ala bombed, 1 killed

2002 – In his State of the Union Address, United States President George W. Bush describes “regimes that sponsor terror” as an Axis of Evil, in which he includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea.

2005 – The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing.

 

 

 

Births

1584 – Frederik Hendrik, count of Nassau/Prince of Orange

1632 – Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)

1688 – Emmanuel Swedenborg, Sweden, religious leader (Angelic Wisdom)

1700 – Daniel Bernoulli, Basel Switz, mathematician (10 time French award)

1715 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian (court) composer/pianist

 

 

 

1717 – Jeffrey AmherstEnglish gov-gen of America/field marshal

 

 

 

 

 

1737 – Thomas Painepolitical essayist (Common SenseAge of Reason)

 

 

 

 

 

1756 – Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee IIICongressmanGovernor of Virginia and American General

 

 

 

 

 

1761 – Abraham AA “Albert” Gallatin, Switz, US minister of Finance (1801-14)

1803 – James Outram, Bulterley Hall Derbyshire, general

1810 – Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician

1821 – Isaac Ferdinand Quinby, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891

1823 – Franklin Gardner, Major General (Confederate Army)

1836 – Benjamin Franklin Potts, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1887

1836 – James Meech Warner, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897

 

 

 

1843 – William McKinleyNiles Ohio25th US President (1897-1901), (d. 1901)

 

 

 

 

 

1846 – Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)

1850 – Lawrence Hargrave, inventor (box kite)

1860 – Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, Tagarov Russia, playwright (Cherry Orchard)

1866 – Romain Rolland, France, writer (Jean-Christophe) (Nobel 1915)

1867 – Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spain, writer (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse)

1873 – Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italy, explorer/climber (Mt St Elias)

1874 – John David Rockefeller Jr, Cleveland Ohio, philanthropist

1877 – Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)

 

 

 

1880 – W C Fields, [William Claude Dukenfield], Philaactor (Bank Dick)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1891 – R Norris Williams, American tennis champ (US Open-1914) and survivor of the RMS Titanic sinking (d. 1968)

1892 – Clifford Gray, US, bobsled (Olympic-gold-1928)

1901 – Allen B DuMont, inventor (perfected coml practical cathode ray tube)

1903 – Cornelis H Edelman, Dutch geologist

1906 – Franciscus Hin, Holland, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1920)

1910 – Colin Middleton, Irish artist (d. 1983)

1911 – George Burns, British major-general

1911 – Peter von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1986)

1912 – “Professor” Irwin Corey, Brooklyn NY, comedian (Car Wash, Doc)

1913 – Victor Mature, Louisville KY, actor (1 Million BC, Samson & Delilah) (d. 1999)

1915 – Halfdan Rasmussen, Danish poet/WWII resistance fighter (Skoven)

1917 – John Raitt, Santa Ana California, actor/singer (Chevy Show, Pajama Game)

1918 – John Forsythe, NJ, actor (Bachelor Father, Charlie’s Angels, Dynasty)

1922 – Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)

1923 – Paddy Chayevsky, [Sydney], US, dramatist (Marty, Hospital) (d. 1981)

1924 – Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot

1925 – Anthony George, Endicott NY, actor (Untouchables, Checkmate)

1926 – Abdus Salam, theoretical physicist

1927 – Edward Abbey, US author (Desert Solitaire)

1929 – William McMillan, US, rapid pistol (Olympic-gold-1960) [or Jul 3]

1936 – James Jamerson, American bass guitarist for Motown Records (d. 1983)

1937 – Bobby Scott, jazz singer

1938 – Bill Christian, US, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)

1939 – Germaine Greer, Melbourne Australia, feminist/author (Female Eunich)

1940 – Kunimitsu Takahashi, Japanese motorcycle racer and racing driver

1942 – Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, Cuba, cosmonaut (Soyuz 38)

1942 – Claudine Longet, France, former Mrs Andy Williams/singer

1942 – Katharine Ross, Hollywood Cal, actress (Graduate, Francesca-Colbys)

1944 – Barbara Moore, Wardell Mo, actress (Lisa Rogers-Man From UNCLE)

1945 – Tom Selleck, Detroit Mich, actor (Lance-Rockford Files, Magnum PI)

1947 – David Byron, vocalist (Uriah Heep)

1947 – Linda B. Buck, American scientist, Nobel laureate

1948 – Bill Kirchen, singer/guitarist (Commander Cody & Lost Planet Airmen)

1948 – Felice Taylor, R&B singer (I Feel Love Comin’ On)

1948 – Marc Singer, Vancouver Canada, actor (V, Dallas)

1950 – Ann Jillian, Cambridge Mass, actress (Mr Mom, Jennifer Slept Here)

1950 – Jody Schecter, South African auto maker (World Driver’s 1979)

1952 – Tommy Ramone, [Erdelyi], Budapest, Hungary, rock drummer/bassist (Ramones)

1954 – Oprah Winfrey, Mississippi, actress/TV host (Color Purple, Oprah)

1955 – John Tate, US, heavyweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1968)

1957 – Irlene Mandrell, Corpus Christi Tx, country singer (Mandrell Sisters)

1957 – Jac Bico, Dutch guitarist/singer (Tambourine)

1958 – Judy Norton-Taylor, Santa Monica California, actress (Mary Ellen-Waltons)

1959 – Paul McGann, actor (Dr Who)

1960 – Eddie Jackson, bassist (Queensryche-Breaking the Silence)

1960 – Gregory Efthimos Louganis, San Diego Ca, diver (Olympic-gold-1984, 88)

1960 – Steve Sax, 2nd baseman (LA Dodgers, NY Yankees, Chic White Sox)

1960 – Gia Carangi, American model (d. 1986)

1962 – Nicholas Turturro, Queens NY, actor (James Martinez-NYPD Blue)

1964 – Andre Reed, NFL wide receiver (Buffalo Bills)

1964 – Roddy Frame, rock vocalist/guitarist (Aztec Camera-Stray)

1968 – Ed Burns, director/actor (Brothers McMullen)

1968 – Susi Erdmann, German bobsledder and luger

1969 – Karen Fonteyne, Calgary Alberta, synchro swimmer (Olympics-silver-96)

1970 – Heather Graham, Milwaukee WI, actress (Drugstore Cowboy, Diggstown)

1970 – Scott Davis, guard (Atlanta Falcons)

1970 – Jörg Hoffmann, German swimmer

1972 – Scott Davis, Great Falls Mont, figure skater (Olympics-1994)

1974 – Kris Burley, Truro Nova Scotia, gymnist (Olympics-96)

1975 – Lorraine Magwenzi, Miss Zimbabwe Universe (1997)

1975 – Sara Gilbert, Santa Monica California, actress (Melissa-Roseanne)

1976 – Ilmira Shamsutdinova, Miss Universe-Russia/best costume (1996)

1978 – Martin Schmitt, German ski jumper

1980 – Yael Bar-Zohar, Israeli actress and model

1985 – Isabel Lucas, Australian actress

1986 – Drew Tyler Bell, American actor

1987 – Spencer Clark, American race car driver (d. 2006)

1987 – Matthew Wilson, English world rally driver

 

 

 

Deaths

969 – Peter, tsar of Bulgaria (927-69), dies

1240 – Pelagio Galvani, Cardinal-Bishop of Albano (b. va. 1165)

1342 – Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1279)

1559 – Thomas Pope, English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52

1597 – Elias Ammerbach, German organist (b. 1530)

1676 – Tsar Alexis I of Russia (b. 1629)

1737 – George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)

 

 

 

 

1820 – King George III of the United Kingdom (b. 1738). Reigned 1760-1820

 

 

 

 

 

1837 – Aleksandr Pushkin, poet/novelist (Golden Cockeral), killed in a duel

1899 – Alfred Sisley, painter, dies

1899 – Robert J Fruin, Dutch historian (80-year war), dies at 75

1928 – Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig/field marshal (WW I), dies at 66

1933 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (b. 1884)

1934 – Fritz Haber, German chemist (Nobel 1918), dies at 65

1941 – Ioannis Metaxas, Greek gen/dictator (1936-41), commits suicide at 69

1944 – William Allen White, US journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75

1946 – Harry L Hopkins, US min of Business (Loan & Lease law), dies at 55

1956 – H[enry] L[ouis] Mencken, US essayist/critic (Smart Set), dies at 75

1962 – Fritz Kreisler, Austria/US violinist/composer, dies at 86

1963 – Robert Lee Frost, US poet (New Hampshire, 4 Pulitzers), dies at 88

1964 – Alan Ladd, actor (Shane), dies at 50 in Palm Springs Calif

 

 

 

1970 – Basil H Liddell HartEnglish military historiandies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Ludwig Stossel, Austrian actor (Man With a Camera), dies at 89

1977 – Freddie Prinze, comedian/actor (Chico & the Man), shoots himself at 22

1980 – Jimmy Durante, comedian (Palooka, Jimmy Durante Show), dies at 86

1981 – Cozy Cole, rocker (Topsy Part II), dies

1988 – Bantcho Bantchevsky, US opera singer, commits suicide

 

 

 

1992 – Willie Dixonbluesmansinger,songwriter (I’m a ManBackdoor Man), dies at 76

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1993 – Hank Werba, [Herman Werblowski], US journalist (Variety), dies at 79

1994 – Nick Cravat, midget (Gremlin-Twilight Zone), dies of lung cancer at 81

1994 – Ulrike Maier, olympic skier, breaks neck during world cup skiing at 26

1995 – Raymond Joseph Cecil, British architect, dies at 69

1995 – Richard Burnell, British rower (Olympics-gold-1948), dies at 77

1995 – Richard Desborough Burnell, oarsman, dies at 77

1996 – John Terence Reese, bridge master, dies at 82

1997 – Eric Schneider, murderer of 2 teachers, executed in MO at 35

1999 – Lili St. Cyr, American dancer (b. 1918)

2002 – Dick “Night Train” Lane, American football player (b. 1928)

2005 – Eric Griffiths, Welsh guitarist (The Quarrymen) (b. 1940)

 

 

 

2007 – BarbaroAmerican thoroughbred racehorse (b. 2003)

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim, Iraqi extremist leader (b. 1970)

2008 – Raymond Jacobs, American soldier (b. 1925)

2009 – Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (b. 1913)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auschwitz: Drone Video Of Nazi Concentration Camp

 

 

 

Published on Jan 27, 2015

” Drone video shows the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp as it is today – 70 years after it was liberated by Soviet troops. The camp in Poland is now maintained as a World Heritage Site and is visited by thousands of tourists and survivors every year. Auschwitz was the largest camp established by the Germans during World War II. More than a million people – the vast majority of them Jews – died there between 1940, when it was built, and 1945, when it was liberated by the Soviet army.

  Railway tracks into Auschwitz-Birkenau – Trains filled with victims from throughout occupied Europe arrived at the camp almost every day between 1942 and the summer of 1944.

  Ruins of wooden huts at Birkenau – Birkenau (or Auschwitz II) was erected in 1941 solely as a death camp, the wooden huts are now in ruins with only brick fireplaces and chimneys remaining.

  Entrance to Auschwitz I -The wrought-iron sign over the entrance bears the words Arbeit Macht Frei – “Work sets you free”.

  Auschwitz I – The brick-built buildings were the former cavalry barracks of the Polish Army.

  Courtyard between blocks 10 and 11 at Auschwitz I – Block 11 was called “the Block of Death” by prisoners. Executions took place between Block 10 and Block 11 and posts in the yard were used to string up prisoners by their wrists.

Auschwitz Birkenau is now a museum run by the Polish Culture Ministry, and a Unesco world heritage site.
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Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1077 – German King Henry IV is absolved by Holy Roman Emperor Pope Gregory VII after his penitent Walk to Canossa.

1099 – 1st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria

1262 – Flemish/Dutch coast ravaged by north western storm

1393 – Fire during Royal Ball at Paris, 4 die (Ball of the Ardents)

1495 – Pope gives his son Cesare Borgia as hostage to Charles VIII of France

1547 – 9-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as king of England

1561 – By Edict of Orleans persecution of French Huguenots is suspended

1613 – Galileo may have unknowingly viewed undiscovered planet Neptune

1624 – Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.

1754 – Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity

1760 – Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants.

1807 – London’s Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight

1813 – Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.

1814 – Stendahl’s 1st book is published

1820 – Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovered the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.

1821 – Bellingshausen discovers Alexander Island off Antarctica

1846 – Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)

1851 – Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered

1855 – The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.

1860 – Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua

1864 – Battle of New Bern, NC

1871 – Paris surrenders to Prussians

1878 – 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)

1878 – George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator

1878 – Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper

 

 

 

1881 – Battle at Laing’s Neck NatalBoers beat superior powered British

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world’s largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.

1899 – American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress

1902 – Carnegie Institute founded in Wash DC

1909 – US milt forces leave Cuba for 2nd time

1911 – Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo

1914 – 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)

1914 – Beverly Hills, Ca, is incorporated

1915 – 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)

1915 – US Coast Guard created from Life Saving & Revenue Cutter services

1915 – US Pres Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates

1916 – 1st Jewish Supreme Court justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson

1917 – Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.

1918 – Strike on Berlin ammunition’s factory

 

 

 

1918 – Finnish Civil WarRebels seized control of the capitalHelsinkiand members of the Senate of Finland go underground.

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.’s biggest snowfall, causes the city’s greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses.

1923 – 1st “Reichs Party” (NSDAP) forms in Munich

1925 – -46°F (-43°C), Pittsburgh, New Hampshire (state record)

1932 – 1st US state unemployment insurance act enacted (Wisconsin)

1932 – Japan occupies Shanghai

1932 – Japanese forces attack Shanghai.

1934 – 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock Vermont)

1935 – Iceland becomes 1st country to legalize abortion

1941 – French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.

1942 – General Timoshenko’s troops move into Ukraine

1942 – German troops occupy Benghazi Libya

1944 – 683 British bombers attack Berlin

1944 – U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland

1945 – Gen “Vinegar Joe” Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China

1945 – Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands

1950 – Preston Tucker, auto maker, found not guilty of mail fraud

1953 – J Fred Muggs (the chimp) joins NBC’s “Today Show”

1956 – Elvis Presley’s 1st TV appearance (Dorsey Bros Stage Show)

1958 – Construction began on 1st private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor

1958 – Dodger catcher Roy Campanella is paralyzed in an automobile wreck

 

 

 

1958 – The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricksstill compatible with bricks produced today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – 1st photograph bounced off Moon, Washington DC

1960 – Goon Show’s final episode on BBC

1960 – NFL announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises

1962 – Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives

1963 – -34°F (-37°C), Cynthiana, Kentucky (state record)

1965 – The Who make their 1st appearance on British TV

1967 – Rolling Stones release “Let’s Spend the Night Together”

1969 – Barbara Jo Rubin becomes 1st woman jockey to win in North America

1972 – Oral Roberts’ Eddie Woods grabs 30 rebounds for 2nd consecutive game

1978 – “Fantasy Island” starring Ricardo Montalban premieres on ABC TV

1978 – Ted Nugent autographs a fan’s arm with his knife

1979 – “Wiz” closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 1672 performances

1980 – USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.

1981 – William J Casey becomes 13th director of CIA (until 1987)

1981 – Olympic Glory tanker at Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 1 million gallons of oil in a ship collision

1982 – US Gen Dozier freed from Red Brigade of Padua Italy

1984 – Record 295,000 dominoes toppled, Fuerth, West Germany

1985 – Charity single “We Are the World” is recorded by supergroup USA for Africa (Michael Jackson, Lionel Richie and other pop stars)

 

 

 

1986 – 25th Space Shuttle -Challengerexplodes 73 sec after liftoff

 

 

 

 

 

1986 – Angolan Unity Leader Jonas Savimbi visits Washington, DC

1988 – Canada’s Supreme court declares anti-abortion law unconstitutional

1989 – 63rd Australian Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Helena Sukova (64 64)

1990 – Superbowl XXIV: SF 49ers beat Denver Broncos, 55-10 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Joe Montana, San Francisco, QB

1991 – Dictator Siad Barre flees Somalia ending 22 year rule

1994 – Helicopter crashes into office building in San Jose California, 1 dead

1994 – Inna Lassovskaja jumps ladies world record (14.78m)

1995 – 69th Australian Women’s Tennis Open: Mary Pierce beats Vicario (63 62)

1995 – 83rd Australian Mens Tennis: Andre Agassi beats Sampras (46 61 76 64)

1998 – Michelangelo, “Christ & the Woman of Samaria,” sold for $7.4 million

2010 – Five murderers of President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman of Bangladesh: Lieutenant Colonel Syed Faruq Rahman, Lieutenant Colonel Sultan Shahriar Rashid Khan, Major AKM Mohiuddin Ahmed, Major Bazlul Huda and Lieutenant Colonel Mohiuddin Ahmed were hanged.

2011 – Hundreds of thousands of protesters fill the Egyptian’s streets against the Mubarak regime in demonstrations referred to as the “Friday of Anger”

2012 – Death toll from coordinated bombing attacks in Kano, Nigeria, reaches 185

 

 

 

Births

1225 – Saint Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274)

 

 

 

 

1312 – Queen Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)

1457 – Henry VII, Pembroke Castle, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509)

1540 – Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)

1582 – John Barclay, Scottish satirist/poet (Euphormio’s Satyricon)

1608 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Naples, mathematician/astronomer

1611 – Johannes Hevelius, Danzig, astronomer (star cataloger)

1622 – Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)

1701 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)

1702 – Hermanus Noordkerk, Dutch lawyer

1706 – John Baskerville, English printer (typeface inventor)

1712 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)

1714 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Pigeon)

1719 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)

1815 – Andrew Jackson Hamilton, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1875

1818 – George Sewall Boutwell, MC (Union), died in 1905

 

 

 

1825 – George Edward PickettMajor General (Confederate Army), died in 1875

 

 

 

 

 

1828 – Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1868

1831 – Henry Brevard Davidson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1833 – Charles George Gordon, London, general (China, Khartoum)

1841 – Henry Stanley, Engld, journalist/explorer (found Livingstone in Africa)

1853 – Jose Martí y Perez, Cuba, poet/essayist/politician

1855 – William Seward Burroughs, NY, inventor (recording adding machine)

1864 – Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer – inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)

1865 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)

1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)

1880 – Mary Boland, Phila, US, comedienne/actress (Ruggles of Red Gap)

1884 – Auguste Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist), twin brother of Jean Felix Piccard

1884 – Jean Felix Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist) twin brother of Auguste Piccard

1884 – Lucien H d’Azambuja, France, astronomer (chromosome of sun)

1886 – Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)

1887 – Artur Rubinstein, Lodz Poland, pianist

1890 – Robert Stroud, American convict, the Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)

1891 – Bill Doak, American baseball player (d. 1954)

1892 – Ernst Lubitsch, Germany, actor, producer and film director (Love Parade)

1899 – Zilner T Randolph, jazz trumpeter/arranger

1900 – Anni Holdmann, Germany, 100m runner (Olympic-1928)

1909 – Lionel KP “Buster” Crabb, British diver (WW II-George Medal)

 

 

 

1910 – John BannerVienna Austriaactor (Sgt Hans Schultz-Hogan’s Heroes)

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – Jackson Pollock, Cody Wyoming, expressionist painter (Lavender Mist)

 

 

 

1918 – Vito ScottiSF Californiaactor (Flying NunBarefoot in the Park)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – Robert W Holley, US, biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel ’68)

1927 – Ronnie Scott, jazz musician/club-owner

1928 – Martin Sinnatt, Major-General/secretary (Kennel Club)

1929 – Claes Oldenburg, Stockholm Sweden, US pop artist (Alphabet/Good Humor)

1932 – David Thompson, CEO (Gestetner Holdings)

1936 – Alan Alda, [Alphonso D’Abruzzo], NYC, actor (Hawkeye Pierce-M*A*S*H)

1939 – John M Fabian, Goosecreek Tx, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 7, STS 51G)

1940 – Carlos Slim Helú, Mexican businessman

1943 – Dick Taylor, rock vocalist (Pretty Thing-Cry on Me)

1943 – Susan Howard, Marshall Tx, actress (Donna-Dallas, Petrocelli)

1944 – Brian Keenan, NYC, rock drummer (Chamber Bros-Time Has Come Today)

1944 – Martin Fried, rocker (Cyrkle-Red Rubber Ball)

1946 – Rick Allen, Ark, rock bassist (Box Tops-Letter)

1947 – MJ Ainsworth, CEO (Institute of Chartered Secretaries)

1948 – Mamoru Mohri, Yoichi-machi Hokkaido Japan, astronaut (STS 47)

1948 – Charles Taylor, President of Liberia

1950 – Barbi Benton, [Klein], California, Playboy model (Hee Haw, Sugar Time!)

1951 – Leonid Konstantinovich Kadenyuk, Kkishkov Ukraine, astronaut (STS 87)

1954 – Shawn Murray, rock drummer (Mink Deville)

1954 – Rick Warren, American pastor and author

1955 – Nicolas Sarkozy, Paris, President of France (2007-)

1957 – Nick Price, Durban South Africa, PGA golfer (1991 Byron Nelson Classic)

1957 – Frank Skinner English comedian

1959 – Dave Sharp, rock guitarist (Alarm-In the Summertime)

1959 – Randi Rhodes, Nova M Radio personality

1963 – Danny Spitz, heavy metal guitarist (Anthrax-Protest & Survive)

1968 – Sarah McLachlan, folk singer (Fumbling Towards Ecstasy)

1968 – DJ Muggs, American musician (Cypress Hill)

1968 – Rakim, born William Michael Griffin Jr., American rapper

1969 – Giorgio Lamberti, Italian free style swimmer (world record 200m)

1969 – Mo Rocca, American writer and comedian

1970 – Donald Tardy, US, death metal drummer (Obituary, Cause of Death)

1973 – Bronwyn Thompson, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1973 – Robert Braknis, Montreal Quebec, 100m backstroke/4 x 100 (Olympics-96)

1975 – Anne Montminy, Montreal Quebec, 10m diver (Olympics-17-92, 96)

1975 – Julian Dean, Waihi NZ, team pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96)

1977 – Matt DeVries, American guitarist (Chimaira)

1977 – Takuma Sato, Japanese Formula One driver

1977 – Joey Fatone, American singer (*NSYNC)

1978 – Helga Bauer Salas, Miss Bolivia Universe (1997)

1979 – Ali Boulala, Swedish skateboarder

1980 – Nick Carter, singer (Backstreet Boys)

1981 – Elijah Wood, Cedar Rapids Iowa, actor (Radio Flyer, Good Son)

 

 

 

Deaths

814 – CharlemagneGerman emperor/Roman Emperor (800-814), dies at 71

 

 

 

 

 

 

1061 – Duke Spytihněv II of Bohemia (b. 1031)

1119 – Gelasius II, [Giovannis Caetani], pope (1118-19), dies

1256 – Willem II, earl of Holland/German emperor (1238, 47-56), dies at 22

1271 – Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III of France (b. 1247)

1393 – Earl of Joigny, burned at royal ball in Paris

1443 – Robert le Maçon, Chancellor of France

1547 – Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47), dies at 55

 

 

 

1595 – Francis DrakeEnglish pirateAdmiral and Governor of Newfoundland (Porto Bello West Indies), dies at 50

 

 

 

 

 

 

1612 – Thomas Bodley, diplomat/founder (Bodleian Library), dies

1687 – Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (star cataloger), dies on 76th birthday

1697 – John Fenwick, English conspirator

1782 – Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d’Anville, French geographer, dies at 84

1810 – Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead

1829 – William Burke, murderer/body snatcher, executed in Edinburgh

1832 – Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)

1864 – Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)

1895 – Francois Certain de Canrobert, French marshal, dies at 85

1912 – Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)

1915 – Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (b. 1846)

1937 – Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (b. 1862)

1938 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver, dies at 28

1939 – William Butler Yeats, Irish poet (Nobel), dies in France at 73

1950 – Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (b. 1883)

1953 – Derek Bentley (b. 1933) (executed)

1960 – Zora Neale Hurston, American author (b. 1891)

1963 – Jean Felix Piccard, swiss explorer, dies on his 79th birthday

1963 – Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (b. 1884)

1965 – Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)

1973 – John Banner, actor (Schultz-Hogan’s Heroes), dies on 62nd birthday

 

 

1986 – Christa McAuliffe, Concord NH ,teacher, dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

1986 – Ellison S Onizuka, Hawaii, Mjr USAF/astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 – Francis R Scobee, Wash, USAF/astronaut, dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

 

1986 – Judith Arlene Resnik, Akron Oh, astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 – Michael J Smith, Beaufort NC, Cmdr USN, astr, dies in Challenger

 

 


 

 

1986 – Ronald E McNair, Lake City SC, astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 – Greg Jarvis ,Detroit MI, astr,  dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – Klaus Fuchs, German physicist (b. 1911)

1992 – Nahman Avigad, Isr archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), dies at 86

1994 – Hal Smith, actor (Otis Campbell-Andy Griffith Show), dies at 77

1994 – William Levitt, builder (Levittown), dies of kidney failure at 86

1996 – Burne Hogarth, strip-cartoon artist, dies at 84

1996 – Dan Duva, boxing promoter, dies at 44

1996 – Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman), dies at 81

1996 – John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur, dies at 81

2002 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author (b. 1907)

2004 – Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy officer (b. 1927)

2005 – Jim Capaldi, English singer and songwriter (b. 1944)

2007 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss professional road racing cyclist (b. 1929)

2007 – Emma Tillman, the world’s oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

98 – Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.

661 – Rashidun Caliphate ended with death of Ali.

672 – St Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope

847 – Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1142 – Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.

1302 – Dante becomes a Florentine political exile

1343 – Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus.

1662 – 1st American lime kiln begins operation (Providence RI)

 

 

 

1671 – Pirate Henry Morgan lands at Panama City

 

 

 

 

 

1710 – Czar Peter the Great sets 1st Russian state budget

1785 – 1st US state university chartered, Athens Georgia

1823 – President Monroe appoints 1st US ambassadors to South America

 

 

 

1825 – U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.”

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Fair Gardens, TN

1864 – Civil War skirmish at Kelly’s Ford, Va

1870 – 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)

1870 – After accepting 15th amendment, VA is readmitted to Union

1880 – Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

1888 – National Geographic Society organizes (Wash DC)

1891 – Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania

1894 – 1st college basketball game, U of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11

1897 – British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)

1900 – Social Democrat Party of America (Debs’ party) holds 1st convention

1902 – 5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)

1906 – Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec

1908 – Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte

1915 – US Marines occupy Haiti

1917 – Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)

1918 – “Tarzan of the Apes,” 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater

1918 – The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.

1924 – Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square

1926 – 1st public demonstration of television, John L Baird, London

1926 – US Senate agrees to join World Court

1939 – First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.

1940 – -17°F (-27°C), CCC Camp F-16, Georgia (state record)

1941 – Peruvian agent Rivera-Schreiber warns of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor

1942 – -19°F (-27.4°C), Netherland’s coldest day since 1850

1943 – 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)

1944 – Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days with 600,000 killed

1945 – Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)

 

 

 

1945 – Russia liberates Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Wally van Hall, “banker in defiance,” arrested

1948 – 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates

1948 – 1st tape recorder sold

1961 – “Sing Along with Mitch” [Miller] premieres on NBC TV

1963 – Jevgeni Grishin skates world record 500m in 39.6 sec

1964 – Margaret Chase Smith (Sen-R-Maine) tries for Republican Pres bid

1965 – 1st ground station-to-aircraft radio communication via satellite

 

 

 

1967 – Apollo 1 fire kills astronauts Grissom, White & Chaffee

 

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – New Orleans Saints sign their 1st player (Paige Cothren-kicker)

1967 – Treaty banning military use of nuclear weapons in space, signed

1969 – 14 spies hung in Baghdad

1969 – 9 Jews publically executed in Damascus Syria

1970 – Movie rating system modifies “M” rating to “PG”

1973 – UCLA’s basketball team wins 61st consecutive game (NCAA record)

1973 – US & Vietnam sign cease-fire, ending longest US war & milt draft

1973 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1973 – William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign US-N Vietnam treaty

1976 – “Laverne & Shirley” spinoff from “Happy Days” premieres on ABC TV

1977 – 1st broadcast of “Roots” mini-series on ABC TV

1977 – Pres Carter pardons most Vietnam War draft evaders (10,000)

1982 – “Joseph & the Amazing Dreamcoat” opens at Royale NYC for 747 perfs

1983 – World’s longest subaqueous tunnel (53.90 km) opens, Honshu-Hokkaid

1984 – LA Kings end Wayne Gretzky’s NHL-record 51-game scoring streak

1984 – Michael Jackson is burned during filming for Pepsi commercial

1988 – Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves nomination of Judge Anthony M Kennedy to US Supreme Court

1989 – German war criminals Fischer & Aus der Funten freed

1991 – Nadine Strossen is 1st female president of the ACLU

1991 – Superbowl XXV: NY Giants beat Buffalo Bills, 20-19 in Tampa Superbowl MVP: Ottis Anderson, NY Giants, RB

1992 – Mike Tyson goes on trial for rape (he is found guilty)

1992 – Pres candidate Bill Clinton (D) & Genifer Flowers accuse each other of lying over her assertion they had a 12-year affair

1994 – Romanian social-democrats form government with anti-Semites

1996 – 15 day old siamese twins separated-Sarah Morales survives, Sarahi dies

1996 – Catherine Roskam becomes the 1st NY female Episcopal bishop

1996 – Germany celebrates it’s 1st Holocaust Rememberance Day

1996 – Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, in a military coup.

1998 – Crane crashes into Roosevelt Is (NYC) Tram, injuring 10

1998 – Roland Clarkson discovers 2^3021377-1 (37th known Mersenne prime)

 

 

Births

1443 – Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)

1546 – Joachim III Frederick, elector (Brandenburg)

1556 – Abbas I, “the Great,” shah of Persia (1587-1629)

1585 – Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)

1621 – Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)

1756 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austria, musical prodigy/composer (Figaro), (d. 1791)

1775 – Friedrich von Schelling, Germany, philosopher (Views on Christianity)

1805 – Samuel Palmer, London, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision)

1814 – Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)

1821 – John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)

1822 – Thomas Leiper Kane, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883

1826 – Richard Taylor, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879

1828 – Samuel Allen Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864

1830 – William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1832 – Lewis Carroll, [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson], Halton, Cheshire, author (Alice in Wonderland), (d. 1898)

1834 – Dmitri Mendeleev, chemist (discovered periodic table of the elements)

1834 – Robert Sanford Foster, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1836 – Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)

1848 – Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)

1850 – Samuel Gompers, Dutch/US 1st president (American Federation of Labor)

1850 – Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)

1872 – Learned Hand, Albany NY, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals)

1885 – Jerome Kern, NYC, Broadway composer (Showboat, Roberta)

1887 – Carl Blegen, Minneapolis, archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos)

1889 – Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)

1894 – Fritz Pollard, early black NFL star (1920-26)

 

 

 

1900 – Hyman G RickoverUS Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)

 

 

 

 

 

1901 – Art Rooney, NFL team owner (Pittsburgh Steelers)

1903 – John Eccles, British physiologist/neurologist

1903 – Otto P. Weyland, American military figure (d. 1979)

1905 – Howard McNear, LA California, actor (Floyd-Andy Griffith Show, Jetsons)

1907 – Henry Cotton, English golf champion (won 3x British Open)

1908 – William Randolph Hearst Jr, newspaper publisher (Hearst Publishing)

1908 – Oran Page, American musician (d. 1954)

1912 – Lawrence Durrell, Darjeeling, Indian/British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet)

1912 – Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher

1914 – Anna Larina, revolutionary

 

 

 

1918 – Elmore Jamesbluesman,slide guitarist (Dust My Broom)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1918 – Skitch Henderson, Birmingham England, orchestra leader (Tonight Show)

1918 – William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)

1919 – David Seville, [Ross Bagdasarian], Fresno California, (Alvin & Chipmunks)

1920 – John Box, British film production designer and art director (d. 2005)

1921 – Donna Reed, Denison Iowa, (From Here to Eternity, Wonderful Life)

1924 – Sabu, [Dastagir], India, actor (Elephant Boy, Drum)

1925 – John Bury, designer

1927 – Joe Perry, AAFC/NFL Hall of Fame fullback (SF 49ers, Balt Colts)

1929 – Ingrid Thulin, Solleftea Sweden, actress (Cries & Whispers, Damned)

 

 

 

1930 – Bobby “Blue” BlandRosemark TNblues singer (Call on the Drummer)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1931 – Mordecai Richler, Montreal author, (Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz)

1933 – Mohamed Al Fayed, CEO (Harrods)

1934 – Donald Spiers, controller (Aircraft MoD)

1936 – Troy Donahue, NYC, actor (Surfside Six, Cockfighter, Hawaiian Eye)

1936 – Samuel Ting, Ann Arbor, Michigan, American physicist, Nobel Laureate

1938 – Kim Gardner, rocker (Byrds)

1938 – Timothy Elworthy, Captain of The Queen’s Flight

1940 – Brian T O’Leary, Boston Mass, astronaut

1942 – James Cromwell, LA California, actor (Stretch-All in the Family, Babe)

1942 – John Witherspoon, American actor

1943 – A H Harper, CEO (Baltic Exchange)

1944 – Nicholas Berkeley Mason, drummer (Pink Floyd-Brick in the Wall)

1945 – Mairead Corrigan-Maguire, North Irish peace activist (Nobel 1976)

1945 – Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)

1946 – Kim Gardner, England, rock bassist (Ashton, Gardner & Dyke)

1947 – Nedra Telley, NYC, vocalist (Ronettes-Be My Little Baby)

1947 – Björn Afzelius, Swedish singer (d. 1999)

1948 – Mikhail Baryshnikov, Riga Latvia, ballet dancer (That’s Dancing)

1950 – Amos Grunebaum, Israeli-born physician

1950 – Derek Acorah, English spirit medium

1951 – Brian Downey, rock drummer (Thin Lizzy-Boys are Back in Town)

1951 – Seth Justman, Wash DC, rock keyboardist (J Geils Band-Centerfold)

1952 – “White Shoes” Johnson, American football player

1954 – Kimberly J “Kim” Hughes, Australian cricketer

1954 – Peter Laird, American comic-book artist

1954 – Joko Ninomiya, Japanese martial artist

1955 – Richard Young, Glasgow Ky, singer (Kentucky Headhunters-Davy Crockett)

1955 – John G. Roberts, 17th Chief Justice of the United States

1955 – Koji Ushikubo, Japanese racing driver

1956 – Mimi Rogers, Coral Gables Fla, actress (Paper Dolls, The Rousters)

 

 

 

1957 – Frank MillerUScomicbook writer (Batman-The Dark Knight Returns)

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – Keith Olbermann, American news presenter

1961 – Charlotte Kemp, Omaha Ne, playmate (Dec, 1982)

1961 – Jean-Paul Banos, Lavelanet France, Canada sabre (Oly-9/10-88, 92, 96)

1961 – Karen Velez, Rockville Ctr NY, playmate (December, 1984)

1961 – Margo Timmins, singer (Cowboy Junkies)

1961 – Martin Degville, rocker (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)

1961 – Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer

1962 – James F Doehring, Santa Barbara CA, shot putter (Olympics-silver-1992)

1964 – Bridget Fonda, LA California, actress (Scandal, Single White Female)

1968 – Mike Patton, Eureka Ca, rocker (Faith No More-The Real Thing)

1968 – Tracy Lawrence, Atlanta Tx, country singer (Sticks & Stones)

1968 – Tricky, English rapper

1969 – Kristen Danihy, Lawton Oklahoma, team handball circle/wing (Olympics-1996)

1969 – Phil Plantier, Manchester NH, outfielder (SD Padres, Red Sox, A’s)

1969 – Patton Oswalt, American actor and writer

1970 – Jon Douglas Rainey, American TV personality

1972 – Guillermo, Mexican-born American TV personality

1973 – Eddie Davis, CFL cornerback (Calgary Stampeders)

1973 – Margot Bourgeois, Miss Universe-3rd place (Trinidad & Tobago, 1997)

1976 – Haimish Karrasch, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1979 – Liesbet Van Breedam, Belgian beach volleyball player

1981 – Jonny Lang, blues musician

 

 

 

Deaths

98 – Marius Cocceius Nerva, emperor of Rome (96-98), dies at about 67

661 – Death of Ali, the final Sunni Rashidun and first Shia Imam.(b. 599 or 600)

672 – Vitalianus, pope (657-72)/saint, dies

847 – Sergius II, pope (844-47), dies

1164 – Abraham ibn Ezra, poet/philosopher, dies

1490 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (b. 1435)

1540 – Angela Merici, Italian monk/monastery, dies

1629 – Hieronymus Praetorius, composer, dies at 68

1699 – William Temple, statesman, dies

1816 – Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood/admiral, dies at 92

1850 – J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85

1851 – John James Audubon, conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65

1860 – János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802)

1864 – Franz von Klenze, German architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59

1880 – Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)

1901 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer, dies at 77

1921 – Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian soldier (b. 1891)

1927 – Georgios Grivas, Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army

1967 – Alphonse Juin, French marshal, dies at 78

 

 

 

1967 – Edward Higgins White IILt Col USAF/astronaut (Gemini 4), dies at 36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – Roger B Chaffeeastronautdies at 31 in Apollo I fire

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – Virgil I (Gus) Grissomastronautdies at 40 in Apollo I fire

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer (He Got the Whole World), dies at 60

1972 – Richard Courant, German/US mathematician, dies at 84

1974 – Georgios Grivas, Greek gen/oppos leader on Cyprus (EOKA), dies at 75

1978 – Oscar Homolka, actor (7 Year Itch, Ball of Fire), dies at 79

1983 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, US football coach (Alabama), dies at 69

1986 – L Ron Hubbard, novelist/founder (Church of Scientology), dies at 74

1986 – Lilli Palmer, German actress (Boys from Brazil, Kinder), dies at 71

1992 – Gene Harris, entertainer, dies after long illness

1993 – Andre “the Giant” Roussimoff, WWF wrestler, dies of heart attack at 49

1994 – Claude Akins, actor (Rio Bravo, Lobo), dies of cancer at 67

1994 – Eddie Calhoun, jazz bassist, dies at 72

1995 – Geoffrey Parsons, Australian/British pianist, dies at 65

1995 – Halsey S Colchester, British SAS/MI6-spy/priest, dies at 76

1996 – John Patrick Sutton Ludlow, actor (Agatha), dies at 93

1996 – Julian Hill, research chemist, dies at 91

1997 – Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me) (b. 1900)

2004 – Jack Paar, American television show host (b. 1918)

2006 – Gene McFadden, American singer and songwriter (b. 1948)

2006 – Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (disappeared) (b. 1965)

2007 – Tige Andrews, American actor (b. 1920)

2009 – John Updike, American Novelist (b. 1932)

2010 – J. D. Salinger, American novelist (b. 1919)

2010 – Howard Zinn, American historian (b. 1922)

2010 – Zelda Rubinstein, American actress (b. 1933)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

66 – 5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1340 – English king Edward III proclaimed king of France

1531 – Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die

1564 – The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

1697 – Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli’s 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night

1784 – Ben Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America’s symbol

1788 – Captain Arthur Phillip and british colonists hoist the English flag on Botany Bay, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day

1802 – Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library

 

 

 

1808 – Rum Rebellionthe only successful (albeit short-livedarmed takeover of the government in Australia.

 

 

 

 

 

1837 – Michigan admitted as 26th US state

1838 – Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States

1841 – Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain

1850 – 1st German-language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

1861 – Louisiana becomes 6th state to secede

1862 – Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive McClellan ignores order

1863 – American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)

1870 – Virginia rejoins US

1871 – US income tax repealed

1875 – Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green

1885 – Muhammad Ahmed (“Mahdi”) rebels conquer Khartoum

1886 – Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor

1887 – Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians

1897 – Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe’s army

 

 

 

1905 – World’s largest diamondthe 3,106-carat Cullinanis found

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – 1st federal corrupt election practices law passed

 

 

 

1907 – The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Serviceand remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.

 

 

 

 

 

1911 – Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego

1913 – Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for being a pro

1914 – Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck’s works in their index

1920 – Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

1922 – Ralph Vaughan Williams’ “Pastoral Symphony,” premieres in London

1924 – Charles Jewtraw, US 500m skater, takes 1st Winter Olympics gold medal

1929 – Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India’s independence

1932 – British submarine M-2 sinks in Channel (60 dead)

1934 – Nazi Germany & Poland sign non-attack treaty for 10 years

1934 – The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.

1939 – Federal Hall National Monument established

1939 – Filming begins on “Gone With the Wind”

1948 – Executive Order 9981, end segregation in US Armed Forces signed

1956 – 7th Winter Olympic games open in Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy

1956 – Buddy Holly’s 1st formal recording session

1956 – Hank Greenberg & Joe Cronin are elected to Hall of Fame

1958 – H Laskow replaces Moshe Dayan on as Israeli minister of Defense

1958 – Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.

1960 – Pete Rozelle elected NFL commissioner on 23rd ballot

1961 – “Are You Lonesome Tonight?” by Elvis Presley peaks to #1

1963 – Major League Rules Committee votes to expand strike zone

1965 – South Vietnam milt coup under general Nguyen Khanh

1966 – The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.

1967 – Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snow fall causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned

1968 – Israeli submarine Dakar crashes in Mediterranean Sea, 69 die

1971 – Charles Manson convicted of murder

1984 – US navy exhibits Piasecki helistat-4 helicopters & a blimp able to lift 26 tons-Lakehurst, NJ

1986 – Yoweri Museveni’s rebel army conquerors Kampala Uganda

1988 – Australia’s 200th anniversary-parade of tall ships in Sydney Harbor

1989 – AT&T reports 1st loss in 103 years; $1.67 B in 1988

1989 – US computer security expert warns of catastrophic virus

1991 – Jan Stenerud becomes 1st pure placekicker to make NFL Hall of Fame

1991 – NY Lotto pays $90 million to nine winner (#s are 5-15-30-35-46-50)

1992 – Americans with Disabilities Act went into effect

1998 – Intel launches 333 MHz Pentium II chip

1998 – Pres Clinton says “I want to say one thing to the American people I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky”

2001 – An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.

2004 – President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.

 

 

 

2004 – A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, TaiwanA build-up of gas in the decomposing Sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, becoming the first African American woman to hold the post.

2005 – Glendale train crash: Two trains derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.

2006 – Western Union discontinues use of its telegram service.

 

 

Births

1497 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)

1541 – Florent Chrestien, French writer (d. 1596)

1667 – Henricus Zwaardecroon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies

1714 – Jean B Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Bird Cage)

1715 – Claude Helvetius, Paris France, philosopher

1722 – Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (d. 1805)

1813 – Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876

 

 

 

1814 – Rufus KingBrigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1876

 

 

 

 

 

 

1816 – Lloyd Tilghman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863

1819 – Abner Doubleday, Union general-major/inventor (baseball) [or Jun 26]

1826 – Julia Dent Grant, 1st lady (1862-76)

1831 – Mary Mapes Dodge, NYC, writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates)

1832 – George Shiras Jr., U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1924)

1852 – Pierre Brazza, explorer/colonial administrator (French Africa)

 

 

 

1880 – Douglas MacArthurLittle Rock Arkgeneral (WW II),(d. 1964)

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – Enrique E Ecker, Curacao, bacteriologist

1887 – Marc A “Pete” Mitscher, US lt-admiral (WW II-Task Force 58)

1891 – Frank Costello, Italian-born gangster (d. 1973)

1893 – Bessie Coleman, 1st black airplane pilot

1902 – Laurence “Bill” Craigie, jet pioneer

1904 – Sean MacBride, Dublin, statesman/Amnesty Intl co-founder (Nobel ’74)

1904 – Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)

1905 – Charles Lane, SF California, actor (Homer-Petticoat Junction, Lucy Show), (d. 2007)

1905 – Maria Augusta von Trapp, Austria, singer, inspired “Sound of Music”

1905 – Marquess of Bath, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1908 – Stephane Grappelli, French jazz/violinist

1911 – Polykarp Kusch, US, nuclear physicist: Nobel 1955

1912 – Cora Baird, NYC, puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie)

1913 – Jimmy Van Heusen, songwriter (Love & Marriage)

1918 – Nicolae Ceausescu, Romanian president (1967-90)

1921 – Akio Morita, Kasugaya Japan, CEO (Sony)

1924 – Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician (d. 1998)

1925 – Desmond Cassidi, British admiral

1925 – Paul Newman, Cleve, racer/popcorn mogul/actor (Hud, Hombre, Hustler)

1927 – William Redfield, NYC, actor (Jimmy Hughes Rookie Cop, Marriage)

1928 – Eartha Kitt, SC, singer/actress (Catwoman-Batman)

1928 – Philip Jose Farmer, Indiana, science fiction novelist (Riverworld)

1928 – Roger Vadim, France, director (And God Created Women, Barbarella)

1929 – Jules Feiffer, NYC, cartoonist (Passionella)/author (Little Murders)

1930 – Harry “Buddy” Melges Jr, Wisc, yachter (Oly-gold/bronze-1964, 72)

1933 – Ercole Baldini, Italian cyclist

1934 – Huey “Piano” Smith, pianist (Having a Good Time)

1934 – Roger Landry, Quebec businessman and newspaper publisher

1935 – Bob Uecker, Milwaukee Wisc, catcher/actor (Mr Belvedere)

1936 – Noel Harrison, London, singer/actor (Mark-Girl from UNCLE)

1936 – Sal Buscema, American comic book artist

1941 – Scott Glenn, Pittsburgh, actor (Right Stuff, Personal Best, Backdraft)

1943 – Sherian Grace Cadoria, brigadier general

1944 – Angela Yvonne Davis, black activist/professor

1946 – Gene Siskel, movie critic (Siskel & Ebert)

1948 – Corky Laing, rocker (Mountain)

1949 – Derek Holt, rocker (Climax Blues Band)

1950 – David Strathairn, actor (LA Confidential, Eight Men Out)

1950 – Jorg Haider, Austrian polical leader (Austrian Freedom Pary)

1950 – Janet Lupo, American model

1951 – David Briggs, rock guitarist (Little River Band-Help is on it’s Way)

1951 – Jarmila Kratochvilova, Czech, 400m/800m runner (Olympic-silver-1980)

1952 – Mario Runco Jr, Bronx NY, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 44, 54, 77)

1953 – Lucinda Williams, singer

1955 – Eddie Van Halen, Nijmegan Neth, rock guitarist (Van Halen-Jump, 1984)

1956 – Simon Howard, English large landowner (Castle Howard)

1958 – Anita Baker, Toledo Oh, singer (Giving You the Best That I Got)

1958 – Ellen DeGeneres, New Orleans LA, comediene (Ellen Morgan-Ellen)

1958 – Norman Lamont Hassan, British reggae musician (UB40-Red Red Wine)

1960 – Jeanette Bolden, LA California, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1961 – Wayne Gretzky, Brantford Ont, NHL great scorer (Oiler, King, Rangers)

1962 – Tom Keifer, rock guitarist/vocalist (Cinderella-Heartbreak Station)

1963 – Andrew Ridgeley, England, rock guitarist (Wham-Wake Me Up)

1963 – Jazzie B, [Beresford Romeo], English rapper (Soul II Soul-Feel Free)

 

 

 

1976 – Frankie RayderAmerican model

 

 

 

 

 

1976 – Willie Adler, American guitar player

1988 – Mia Rose, British-Portuguese singer

1989 – Emily Hughes, American figure skater

1997 – Pasaye, Palatine Ill, twin born 92 days after his brother (Oct 26)

 

 

Deaths

946 – Eadgyth, German Queen

1109 – Albericus of Côteaux, French saint, dies

1567 – Nicholas Wotton, English diplomat

1630 – Henry Briggs, English mathematician (b. 1556)

1697 – Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)

1744 – Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)

1799 – Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)

1823 – Edward Jenner, English physician (b. 1749)

 

 

 

1869 – Duncan Gordon BoyesEnglish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1885 – Charles George GordonBritish gov-gen (Sudan), executed at 51

 

 

 

 

 

1885 – Edward Davy, English inventor (b. 1806)

1891 – Nicholaus Otto, German auto pioneer (internal combustion engine), dies. (b. 1833)

1893 – Abner Doubleday, credit with inventing baseball, dies on 74th birthday

1895 – Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies

1904 – Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (b. 1846)

1920 – Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered

1932 – William K Wrigley, owner (Wrigley Gum, Chicago Cubs), dies

1933 – Alva Belmont, American socialite (b. 1853)

1939 – Armand Calinescu, Romania’s PM, assassinated by the iron guard

1943 – Nikolai Vavilov, geneticist, Saratovv labour camp, dies

1943 – Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)

1949 – Victor Fleming, director (Wizard of Oz, Gone With Wind), dies at 65

1962 – Charles “Lucky” Luciano, NYC Mafia gangster, dies at 65

1973 – Edward G Robinson, [Goldenberg], actor (Little Caesar), dies at 79

1973 – Jay C. Higginbotham, American musician (b. 1906)

1979 – Nelson Rockefeller, former VP & (4X Gov-R-NY), dies at 70

1983 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, college football coach (Alabama), dies at 69

1990 – Lewis Mumford, American historian (b. 1895)

1990 – Bob Gerard, British racing driver (b. 1914)

1992 – José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor/director (Cyrano de Bergerac), dies at 80

1993 – Jan Gies, Dutch resistance fighter (helped Anne Frank), dies at 87

1996 – David Schultz, wrestler (Oly-Gold-84), killed by John Du Pont

1997 – Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (b. 1904)

 

 

 

1998 – S P LearyTexan Blues drummer (Muddy Waters), dies at 67

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1998 – Shinichi Suzuki, music teacher (Suzuki Method), dies at 99

2000 – A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born author (b. 1912)

2001 – Al McGuire, American basketball coach (b. 1928)

2004 – Fred Haas, American golfer (b. 1916)

2008 – Christian Brando, actor and son of Marlon Brando (b 1958)

2011 – Gladys Horton, American musician and singer, member of the group The Marvelettes (b. 1944)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How Much Is Your State Paying For A Gallon Of Gas? This Cool Map Will Show You

 

Debt.com Gas Prices Over Time

 

 

 

” What is the average price of gas in your state? Researchers at Debt.com have put together a map to show you.

  Debt.com’s interactive map allows users to see their state’s average gas price-simply by hovering their cursor over the state. Clicking a state will show you its average price for the last 10 years:

  While the national average for a gallon of gas is about $2.18, some states fare better or worse than others.

  For example, drivers in Hawaii “consistently pay the most for gas.” They are currently paying an average of $3.31.

  In addition to Hawaii, drivers in Alaska, California and the New England region pay among the highest average gas prices in the nation.”

 

More at The Daily Signal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Horizons Probe Eyes Pluto For Historic Encounter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

” A Nasa probe is to start photographing the icy world of Pluto, to prepare itself for a historic encounter in July.

  The New Horizons spacecraft has travelled 5bn km (3bn miles) over nine years to get near the dwarf planet.

  And with 200m km still to go, its images of Pluto will show only a speck of light against the stars.

  But the data will be critical in helping to align the probe properly for what will be just a fleeting fly-by.

  Pluto will be photographed repeatedly during the approach, to determine the probe’s position relative to the dwarf planet, explained Mark Holdridge, from the Johns Hopkins University’s Applied Physics Laboratory (JHUAPL) in Baltimore.

” We then perform a number of correction manoeuvres to realign our trajectory with the reference trajectory, thus ensuring we hit our aim point to travel through the Pluto system,” he said.

  When New Horizons arrives at Pluto it will be moving so fast – at almost 14km/s – that going into orbit around the distant world is impossible; it must barrel straight through instead.

  One complication is that the seven different instruments aboard the spacecraft need to work at different distances to get their data, and so the team has constructed a very elaborate observation schedule for them all.

  But what this means is that very precise timing will be required to make sure the flyby runs smoothly.

  The closest approach to Pluto is set for around 11:50 GMT on 14 July – at a miss distance of roughly 13,695km from the surface.

  Mission planners want the exact timings nailed to within 100 seconds. New Horizons will know then where and when to point the instruments. “

 

 

BBC News

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Watch The Rapid Decline Of “White America” Over Three Decades

 

 

White Counties

Click the link to go to interactive page

 

 

 

” In 1980, nearly half of U.S. counties — 1,412 of them — had populations that were almost exclusively (98 percent or more) white. Thirty years later, only 149 counties — fewer than five percent — fit that same description. The maps below chart this transformation, decade by decade.

  It’s no secret that America is becoming less white. According to Brookings Institution demographer William Frey, whites are on track to lose their majority status by 2042 or thereabouts. Driving this trend are immigration and intermarriage: the white share of the population is projected to shrink by 6 percent between 2010 and 2050. But the Hispanic population will grow by 102 percent, and the share of people identifying as two or more races will see a nearly 200 percent increase. The broad contours of these trends are outlined in a short video produced by Brookings.”

 

Washington Post 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mars Rover Opportunity Marks 11-Year Anniversary With Stunning Photo

 

 

Click here for full size image

 

 

” NASA’s Opportunity rover celebrated 11 years on Mars Saturday (Jan. 24), and the robot’s handlers are marking the occasion with a gorgeous panoramic photo that Opportunity took of its Red Planet home.

  Opportunity landed on Mars on the night of Jan. 24, 2004, a few weeks after its twin, Spirit, made its Red Planet debut. The rovers were tasked with three-month missions to search for signs of past water activity on the Red Planet. Both Spirit and Opportunity found plenty of such evidence, and then kept rolling long after their warranties expired.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Spirit stopped communicating with Earth in 2010 and was declared dead a year later, but Opportunity is still going strong. The robot has been exploring the rim of the 14-mile-wide (22 kilometers) Endeavour Crater since August 2011, and it crested a rise on the rim known as Cape Tribulation earlier this month. [Latest Mars Rover Photos from Opportunity & Spirit] “

 

Space.com has the whole story

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.

1139 – Godfried II the Young becomes duke of Brabant

1327 – King Edward III accedes to British throne

1348 – Earthquake destroys Villach, killing 5,000

1494 – Alfonso II replaces his father as king of Naples

1554 – Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary

1554 – Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.

1565 – Battle at Talikota India: Moslems destroy Vijayanagar’s army

 

 

 

1573 – Battle of Mikatagaharain JapanTakeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.

 

 

 

 

 

1579 – Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic

1755 – Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.

1775 – Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)

 

 

 

1787 – Shays’ Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmersled by Capt Daniel Shaysfail to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Mass

 

 

 

 

 

1799 – 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont

1825 – 1st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, NY

1856 – Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians

1863 – Battle of Kinston, NC

1863 – General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac

1865 – CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia

1870 – Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows

1875 – Anti-slavery society forms (NY)

1877 – Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden

1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

1890 – Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg’s time around world by 8 days (72 days)

1894 – James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

1904 – 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania

1915 – Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in SF

1915 – Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to SF)

1916 – Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary

1918 – Russia declared a republic of Soviets

1919 – Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later

1937 – 1st broadcast of “Guiding Light” on NBC radio

1937 – Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13

1939 – Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed

1939 – Joe Louis KOs John Henry Lewis in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1940 – Nazi decrees establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland

1942 – Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

1945 – Grand Rapids, Michigan becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water

1945 – Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths

1945 – West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma

1950 – 73°F (23°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in January

1951 – UN begins counter offensive in Korea

1953 – Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec

1955 – Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race

1955 – US & Panama sign canal treaty

1955 – Columbia U scientists develope an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years

1956 – 96.5 cm (38.0″) of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, HI (state record)

1957 – FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for USSR

1959 – 1st transcontinental coml jet flight (American) (LA to NY for $301)

1961 – 1st live, nationally televised presidential news conference (JFK)

1961 – Military coup in El Salvador

1961 – Walt Disney’s “101 Dalmations” released

1964 – Echo 2, US communications satellite launched

1969 – US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris

1970 – Robert Altman’s “M*A*S*H,” premieres

1971 – Charles Manson & 3 women followers convicted of Tate-LaBianca murders

1971 – Military coup in Uganda under Gen Idi Amin Dada

1971 – Phila mint’s 1st trial strike of Eisenhower dollar

1974 – Christian Barnard transplants 1st human heart without removal of old

1974 – Ray Kroc, CEO (McDonald’s), buys SD Padres for $12 million

1979 – 22.2-km Oshimizu railroad tunnel holed through, central Honshu, Japan

1980 – Bani Sadr elected president of Iran

1980 – Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft

1981 – 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US

1981 – Mao’s widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death

1983 – China’s supreme court commutes Chiang Ch’ing’s death sentence to life

1983 – Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit

1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia

1988 – VP Bush & Dan Rather clash on “CBS Evening News” as Rather attempts to question Bush about his role in Iran-Contra affair

1990 – Avianca Flight 52, runs out of fuel & crashes in Cove Neck NY, 73 die

1990 – Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is transferred to a Miami jail

1990 – West-Europe’s strongest hurricane

1990 – The Burns’ Day storm hits northwestern Europe.

1991 – Manuel Noriega is given access to assets frozen by US government

1992 – Hubble space telescope optics finds NGC3862/3C264

1993 – Sears announces it is closing its catalog sales dept after 97 years

1993 – Five people were shot outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia resulting in two murders.

1994 – Mine fire at Asansol India, kills 55

1994 – US space probe Clementine launched

1994 – Accused of molesting a 13-year-old boy, Michael Jackson settles a civil lawsuit out of court

1998 – Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) suicide attack on Sri Lanka’s Temple of the Tooth, killing 8 people injuring 25 others.

1999 – A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hits western Colombia killing at least 1,000.

2002 – Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software (“Phase II”) aka Magnus Manske Day.

2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.

2005 – A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi in India kills at least 258.

2006 – Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.

2011 – Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins in Egypt, with a series of street demonstrations, marches, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, riots, labour strikes, and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria, and throughout other cities in Egypt.

Births

749 – Leo IV, the Khazar, Byzantine emperor (775-80)

1037 – Su Tung-p’o, [J Sotoba], China, layman/poet/administrator [or Dec 19]

1477 – Anna de Bretagne, wife of Maximilian of Austria & Louis XII

1509 – Giovanni Morone, Italian theologist/diplomat/cardinal/”heretic”

1540 – Edmund Campion, London, saint/Jesuit martyr (Decem Rationes)

1627 – Robert Boyle, Ireld, physicist/chemist/author (experiments with color)

1640 – William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and statesman (d. 1707)

1759 – Robert Burns, Alloway Scotland, poet (Auld Lang Syne), (d. 1796)

1794 – François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)

1839 – Seldon Connor, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1917

1858 – Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)

1864 – Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (d. 1934)

1882 – Virginia Woolf [Adeline] , London, author (Jacob’s Room, To Lighthouse), (d. 1941)

1891 – William C Bullitt, 1st US ambassador to USSR

1896 – John Moores, British gambling magnate/multi-millionaire

1901 – Eric Brown, architect

1901 – Martin De Alzaga, Argentine racing driver (d. 1982)

1902 – Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect (d. 1975)

 

 

 

1903 – “Sleepy” John EstesBluesman

 

Videos

1913 – Luis Marden, American photojournalist (d. 2003)

1917 – Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist Nobel Laureate (d. 2003)

1919 – Edwin Newman, NYC, newscaster/journalist/author (NBC-TV, Comment)

1923 – Rusty Draper, American country and pop singer (d. 2003)

1923 – Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as “Sybil”) (d. 1998)

1928 – Eduard Shevardnadze, Soviet Georgia, foreign minister of USSR (-91)

1931 – Dean Jones, Decatur Ala, actor (Ensign O’Toole, Company, Love Bug)

1931 – Harold Lloyd Jr, actor (Frankenstein’s Daughter)

1933 – Corazon Aquino, 11th President of the Philippines

1938 – Etta James [Jamesette Hawkins], Los Angeles, California, singer (Roll with Me, At Last), (d. 2012)

1938 – Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author (d. 1998)

1938 – Leiji Matsumoto, sJapanese creator of anime.

1941 – Elzie “Buddy” Baker, race-car driver

 

 

 

1942 – Carl EllerDefensive End , Minnesota Vikings 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Leigh Taylor-Young, Wash DC, actress (Peyton Place, Alice B Toklas)

1947 – Ángel Nieto, Spanish motorcycle racer

1950 – Michael Cotton, rocker (Tubes)

1951 – Steve Prefontaine, Coos Bay Oregon, 5K (Olympics-4th-1972)

1953 – Malcolm Green, rocker (Split Enz-I Got You)

1953 – The Honky Tonk Man, American professional wrestler

1954 – Kim Gandy, American feminist

1956 – Andy Cox, rock guitarist (Fine Young Cannibals-She Drives Me Crazy)

1957 – Martha Elizabeth Thomsen, Moses Lake Wash, playmate (May, 1980)

1958 – Dinah Manoff, NYC, actress (Elaine-Soap, Carol Weston-Empty Nest)

1958 – Gary Brian Tibbs, London, rock bassist (Adam & The Ants, Roxy Music)

1958 – Harti Weirather, Austrian alpine skier

1964 – Chip Foster, actor (Chip & Pepper’s Surf’s Up Saturday)

1964 – Pepper Foster, actress (Chip & Pepper’s Surf’s Up Saturday)

1966 – John [Vo] Velyvis, North Adams Mass, rower (Olympics-1996)

1967 – Marty Calder, St Catharine ON, 62 kg freestyle wrestler (Oly-12-92,96)

1969 – Jesse Harte, Rome Ga, heavy metal vocalist (Southgang-Tainted Angel)

1969 – Kina, American singer

1971 – Luca Badoer, Italian race car driver

1971 – China Kantner, San Francisco, American actress and daughter of Grace Slick

1973 – Elvis Presley Jr, alleged son of Elvis Presley

1975 – Mia Kirshner, Canadian actress

1976 – Mario Haberfeld, Brazilian racing car driver

1979 – Rodrigo Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver

1979 – Pi Hongyan, French badminton player

1981 – Alicia Keys [Cook], New York NY, singer-songwriter (Fallin, Where Do We Go From Here)

 

Deaths

389 – Gregory Nazianzus, theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 329)

477 – Geiseric, King of the Vandals and Alans

844 – Pope Gregory IV

1067 – Emperor Yingzong of China (b. 1032)

1138 – Anacletus II, [Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38), dies

1139 – Godfried I, with the Beard, duke of Brabant/earl of Leuven, dies

1366 – Henry Suso, German mystic

1494 – Ferdinand I, cruel king of Naples, dies

 

 

 

1573 – Hirate HirohideJapanese samuraidies at the Battle of Mikatagahara (b. 1553)

 

元亀三年十二月味方ヶ原戰争之圖
元亀三年十二月味方ヶ原戰争之圖 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

1640 – Robert Burton, author (Anatomy of Melancholy), dies

1726 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (b. 1675)

1733 – Reinier V van Hompech, Dutch gen-maj cavalry, dies

1733 – Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London (b. 1652)

1896 – Frans C Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (Court of Justice), dies at 68

1906 – Joseph Wheeler II, Confederate General, dies at 70

1925 – Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)

 

 

 

1947 – Al CaponeChicago gangsterdies of syphilis at 48

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese physician and bacteriologist (b. 1871)

1957 – Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese industrialist and Minister of Commerce and Industry (b. 1873)

1960 – Diana Barrymore, actress (Ladies Courageous), dies at 38

1970 – Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st black female DA in NY, dies at 70

1972 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892)

1978 – Tango Duke, dies in Australia at 42; oldest known thoroughbred horse

1990 – Ava Gardner, actress (Barefoot Contessa), dies of pneumonia at 67

1994 – Stephen Cole Kleene, mathematician (Regular Expressions), dies at 85

1997 – Jean Dixon, psychic (Gift of Prophecy), dies of a heart attack at 79

2005 – Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)

2006 – Anna Malle, adult film star (b. 1967)

2010 – Ali Hasan al-Majid aka Chemical Ali, Iraqi defense minister and military commander (b. 1941)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

41 – Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after his assassination by Praetorian Guards.

817 – St Paschal I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Stephen IV

1076 – Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII

1118 – Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II

1458 – Matthias I Corvinus chosen king of Hungary

1556 – Heavy earthquake strikes Shaaxi China, kills 830,000

1568 – In Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw

1639 – Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders

1644 – Battle at Nantwich Cheshire: Parliamentary armies win

1656 – 1st Jewish doctor in US, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland

1722 – Czar Peter the Great begins civil system

1764 – Gov Winthrop Telescope, is destroyed in a Harvard fire

 

 

 

1776 – Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga.

 

 

 

 

 

1847 – 1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans defeated by US Col Price

1848 – James Marshall finds gold in Sutter’s Mill in Coloma, Calif

1857 – The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.

1861 – Arsenal at Augusta, Ga seized by Confederacy

1861 – Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens

1874 – Gen J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after 1000’s die

1878 – The revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, the Governor of Saint Petersburg.

 

 

 

1892 – Battle at Mengo, Uganda: French missionaries attack Brit missionaries

 

 

 

 

 

1899 – Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O’Sullivan

 

 

 

1900 – Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)

 

British artillery firing onto Spion Kop from south of the Tugela River.

 

 

 

 

1901 – Emily Hobhouse view lord Kitcheners concentration camp at Bloemfontein

1902 – Denmark sells Virgin Islands to USA

1908 – Gen Baden-Powell starts Boy-Scouts

1913 – Franz Kafka stops working on “Amerika”; it will never be finished

1915 – German-British sea battle at Doggersbank & Helgoland

1922 – -54°F (-48°C), Danbury, Wisconsin (state record)

1922 – Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo)

1922 – Lehman Caves National Monument established

1923 – Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established

1924 – Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union

1924 – Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad

1925 – Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island NY

1927 – Director Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film, The Pleasure Garden, in England.

1935 – 1st canned beer, “Krueger Cream Ale,” is sold by Kruger Brewing Co

1936 – Benny Goodman & orchestra record “Stompin’ at the Savoy” on Victor Records

1939 – 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile

1941 – British troops march into Abyssinia

1943 – Hitler orders nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death

1943 – Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau

1944 – Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy

1950 – Jackie Robinson signs highest contract ($35,000) in Dodger history

1952 – Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base

1956 – 96.5 cm precipitation at Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)

1958 – After warming to 100,000,000 degrees, 2 light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in 1st man-made nuclear fusion

1961 – Lazard Brothers Ltd draw a check for $334,867,807.68

1962 – 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany

1962 – Brian Epstein signs management contract with the Beatles

1962 – Jackie Robinson is 1st Black elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1964 – Martin Kresses final comic strip of Eric the Viking

1964 – 24th Amendment to US Constitution goes into effect & states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes

1969 – Spanish Gen Franco announces state of emergency

 

 

 

1972 – Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England

1976 – George Foreman KOs Ron Lyle in 5th round of a real slugfest

1977 – 5 lawyers murdered by fascist in Madrid

1977 – Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.

1978 – Carter Executive Order on Intelligence (# 12036)

1984 – Apple Computer Inc unveils its revolutionary Macintosh personal computer

1986 – NY Islander Mike Bossy scores his 1,000th point

1986 – Voyager 2 makes 1st fly-by of Uranus (81,593 km), finds new moons

1990 – Japanese MUSES-A (Hiten) launched towards moon

1993 – Polish ferry boat John Heweliusz sinks, 52 killed

1993 – Turkish journalist and writer Uğur Mumcu is assassinated by a car bomb in Ankara.

1994 – Dow Jones closes above 3,900 for 1st time (3,914.48)

2003 – The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.

2011 – At least 35 died and 180 injured in a bombing at Moscow’s Domodedovo airport.

 

 

 

Births

76 – Publius A Hadrianus, 14th Roman Emperor (117-138)

1287 – Richard Aungerville, English bishop (d. 1345)

1444 – Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan (d. 1476)

1638 – Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)

1664 – John Vanbrugh, London, dramatist/architect (baptized)

1674 – Thomas Tanner, English bishop (d. 1735)

1679 – Christian von Wolff, German philosopher

1712 – Frederick II, (the Great), king of Prussia (1740-86)

1750 – Wybo Fijnje, Dutch politician/patriot/journalist

1763 – Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (d. 1831)

1820 – John Milton Thayer, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906

1828 – Adam Jacoby Slemmer, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1832 – John Pegram, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865

1862 – Edith Wharton [-Jones], New York NY, Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), (d. 1937)

1888 – Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)

1888 – Henry King, US, director (Jesse James, 12 O’Clock High)

1891 – Walter Model, German fieldmarshal

1903 – Robert Gwathmey, artist (Arts & Letters)

1911 – C[atherine] L[ucille] Moore, US, sci-fi author (Judgment Night)

1913 – Mark Goodson, TV game-show proudcer (Goodson-Toddman)

1915 – Robert B Motherwell, US, painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic)

1916 – John Corner, scientist

 

 

 

1917 – Ernest Borgnine, Hamden Ct, actor (Ice Station Zebra, McHale’s Navy, Marty), (d. 2012)

 

Videos

 

 

 

1918 – Oral Roberts, Pontotoc County Oklahoma, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College

1920 – Jerry Maren, actor (munchkin-Wizard of Oz, Mayor McCheese)

1924 – Marvin Kaplan, Brooklyn NY, actor (Top Cat, Henry-Alice)

1928 – Desmond Morris, English zoologist (Human Ape, Body Language)

1930 – Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer/multi-millionaire

1933 – Ron Townson, rock vocalist (5th Dimension-Aquarius) [or Jan 29]

1933 – Zeke Carey, US R&B-singer (Flamingos-I Only Have Eyes For You)

1936 – Doug Kershaw, La, plays electric fiddle

1939 – Ray Stevens, Clarksdale Ga, singer (Ahab the Arab, Streak)

1941 – Aaron Neville, US singer/keyboardist (Neville Brothers)

1941 – Neil Diamond, Brooklyn NY, singer/actor (Jazz Singer)

1943 – Julie Bennett, Beverly Hills CA, actress (Hey There It’s Yogi Bear)

1943 – Sharon Tate, Dallas Tx, actress (Valley of the Dolls)

1946 – Michael Ontkean, Vancouver BC, actor (Rookies, Slap Shot, Twin Peaks)

1947 – Warren Zevon, Chicago, rocker (Excitable Boy)

1949 – John Belushi, Chicago Ill, comedian/actor (SNL, Blues Brothers)

1951 – Yakov Smirnoff, Russia, comedian (It’s a wonderful country)

1952 – William F Readdy, Quonset Point RI, astronaut (STS 42, 51, 79)

1954 – Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1986)

1955 – James Montgomery, US 100m swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1976)

1958 – Frank Ullrich, East Germany, world biathlon champion

1958 – Jools Holland, British musician

 

 

 

1961 – Nastassja Kinski, Berlin Germany, actress (Tess, Cat People)

 

http://searchweight.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/nastassja-kinski.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Krasimir Mikhailov Stoyanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut

1965 – Ross MacDonald, Vancouver BC, star yachter (Olympics-96)

1966 – Mike Forgeron, Main-A-Dieu Nova Scotia, rower (Olympics-96)

1968 – Mary Lou Retton, Fairmont WV, gymnist (Oly-gold/2 silver/2 bronze-84)

1969 – Louise McPaul, Australian javelin thrower (Olympics-silver-92, 96)

1972 – Ulla Werbrouck, Belgian judoka and politician

1973 – Chris Ferraro, Port Jefferson, NHL right wing (Oly-94, NY Rangers)

1986 – Mischa Barton, English-born American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

41 – Caligula, [G C Germanicus], Roman emperor (37-41), assassinated at 28 by Praetorian Guards. Known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism.

 

 

 

 

 

661 – Ali ibn Abu Talib, kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered

772 – Stephen III/IV, Catholic Pope (768-72), dies. (b. 720)

817 – Stefanus IV, Pope (816-17), dies

1125 – David IV of Georgia (b. 1073)

1336 – Alfonso IV, the Benignant, King of Aragon (1327-36), dies at 36

1376 – Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leader

1473 – Conrad Paumann, German blind organist/composer, dies

1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, executed for treason

1595 – Ferdinand II of Austria (b. 1529)

1626 – Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (b. 1580)

1639 – George Jenatsch, Grisons leader, assassinated

1709 – George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)

1769 – François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)

1862 – James McIntosh, US confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at about 33

1864 – Stephen Gardner Champlin, brig-general (Union), dies at about 36

1877 – Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (b. 1796)

1895 – Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)

1918 – George Arthur Crump, Founder of the Pine Valley Golf Club in Clementon NJ (b. 1871)

1932 – Alfred Yarrow, English shipbuilder (b. 1842)

1939 – Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (b. 1867)

1948 – Maria Mandel, Camp Leader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)

1948 – Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)

1953 – [Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt, gen-field marshal (Normandy), dies at 77

 

 

 

1955 – Ira Hayes, American World War II hero (b. 1923)(see UE births 1.12.13)

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American swimmer and inventor (b. 1884)

1962 – Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (b. 1877)

 

 

 

1965 – Winston Churchill, PM of Britain (C) (1940-45, 51-55), dies at 90

 

 

 

 

 

1966 – Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (b. 1909)

1970 – James “Shep” Shepherd, rocker (Shep & Limelites), beaten to death

1971 – Bill W., American co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1895)

 

 

 

1975 – Larry Fine, actor (3 Stooges), dies at 72

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1983 – George Cukor, director, dies of stroke & heart attack at 83

1986 – Gordon MacRae, singer (Oklahoma, Carousel), dies at 64

1986 – L[aFayette] Ron[ald] Hubbard, author (Death Quest), dies at 74

1988 – Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C), dies at 91

1988 – Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (b. 1905)

1989 – Ted Bundy, serial killer of up to 100 women, executed in Florida at 42

1992 – Tina Chow, model, dies of AIDs at 41

1992 – Ricky Ray Rector, American murderer (b. 1950)

1993 – Thurgood Marshall, 1st black supreme court justice (1967-91), dies 84

1994 – Michalis Vranopoulos, head of Greek state bank, murdered at 48

1995 – Ian Prestt, English ornithologist, dies at 65

1997 – Callum Alexander MacDonald, historian, dies at 49

2002 – Elie Hobeika, Lebanese Forces militia commander (b. 1956)

2003 – Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive (b. 1921)

2006 – Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers (b. 1914)

2006 – Chris Penn, American actor (b. 1965)

 

 

 

2007 – Emiliano Mercado del Toro, World’s Oldest Military Veteran (b. 1891)

 

 

 

 

 

2010 – Pernell Roberts, American actor & singer, last surviving star of Bonanza (b. 1928)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sunday Marks The Premiere Of The Three Part Mini-Series “Sons Of Liberty” From The History Channel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SONS OF LIBERTY, the three-night, six-hour event, follows a defiant and radical group of young men–Sam Adams, John Adams, Paul Revere, John Hancock and Dr. Joseph Warren–as they band together in secrecy to change the course of history and make America a nation.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

” The Sons of Liberty sparked a revolution, the cast depicting them includes: Ben Barnes(The Chronicles of Narnia) as Sam Adams, a natural born leader with charisma and a penchant for mischief; Ryan Eggold (The Black List) as Dr. Joseph Warren, a doctor and man of conscience and integrity; Michael Raymond-James (Jack Reacher, Terriers, True Blood) as Paul Revere, a veteran who wholeheartedly joins forces with Sam Adams; Rafe Spall(Prometheus, Life of Pi) as John Hancock, the wealthiest man in Boston at the time; andHenry Thomas (E.T. The Extraterrestrial, Gangs of New York, Legends of the Fall) as John Adams, a lawyer and the conservative, smart cousin of Sam Adams. Additionally, Marton Csokas (Equalizer, The Lord of the Rings, Rogue) plays the ferocious General Thomas Gage who is sent to handle the colonial unrest in Boston; Emily Berrington (24: Live Another Day) as Margaret Gage; Jason O’Mara (The Good Wife, Terra Nova, Life on Mars) as General George Washington and Dean Norris (Breaking Bad, Under the Dome, Men, Women & Children) as the brilliant yet mischievous diplomat Benjamin Franklin.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Calling themselves the Sons of Liberty, they light the spark that ignited our revolution. While many of their names have become legendary, this group of young rebels didn’t start off as noble patriots. They were a new generation of young American men from varied backgrounds, struggling to find purpose in their lives. They were looking for equality, but they found something greater: Independence.”

 

 

 

Sons Of Liberty Quiz

 

 

 

” SONS OF LIBERTY is a dramatic interpretation of events that sparked a revolution. It is historical fiction, not a documentary. The goal of our miniseries is to capture the spirit of the time, convey the personalities of the main characters, and focus on real events that have shaped our past. For historical information about the Sons of Liberty and the dawning of the American Revolution, please read the Historian’s View section on history.com/sons. “

 

 

 

Sons of Liberty

 

 

 

    There is a wealth of information to be had on the upcoming show including more videos , actor biographies , historical data , infographics and much more if you visit the webpage .

 

  We applaud the History Channel for creating this event and feel that , regardless of the political biases that will undoubtedly reveal themselves to some faction(s) of the viewing public , any piece of widely received entertainment that fosters conversation about some of our defining moments as a people around the dinner table and water cooler is a great thing indeed .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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House And Senate Are Considering Bills To Allow Hemp Nationwide

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Republican Congressman Thomas Massie is a man on a mission, and that mission is to get farmers in his home state of Kentucky and across the nation growing hemp again. Massie is a staunch libertarian with a disdain for intrusive federal regulation, and his Industrial Hemp Farming Act would chip off a bit of federal power by allowing cultivation of industrial hemp in the United States.

  While Massie himself is something of an outsider in the Republican Party, having voted twice against John Boehner for Speaker of the House, this particular cause is moving further into the mainstream. His new bill boasts 47 co-sponsors*, forming a surprising coalition of lawmakers from both parties and suggesting there could be a groundswell of support for allowing marijuana’s strait-laced cousin back into American fields.

  Industrial hemp can be made into a variety of products, including paper, food, clothing, and cosmetics. It does not contain enough of marijuana’s psychoactive ingredient, THC, to get anyone high from smoking it. Rep. Massie has taken to tweeting about the bill with the hashtag #ThinkRopeNotDope. “

 

 

    If it was good enough for the Founding Fathers , it should be good enough for us , after all they were certainly wiser than our current crop of Congressional denizens ,

Read more at Slate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

3102 BC – Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga.

393 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor.

638 – Start of Islamic calendar

909 – John of Rila aka Saint Ivan and the fable of two pies.

971 – In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops. The Southern Han state is forced to submit to the Song Dynasty, ending not only Southern Han rule, but also the first regular war elephant corps employed in a Chinese army that had gained the Southern Han victories throughout the 10th century.

1265 – 1st English Parliament formally convened (some authorities)

1368 – In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

1492 – “Pentateuch” (Jewish holy book) 1st printed

1546 – Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.

1556 – Most deadly earthquake kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China

1570 – Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out

1647 – Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament

1656 – Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.

1779 – Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)

1793 – Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized

1812 – 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri

1849 – Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US

1849 – Patent granted for an envelope-making machine

1855 – The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge.

1856 – Steamer Pacific lost

1862 – Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings

1865 – -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent’s Reach)

1870 – 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army

1879 – National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville Ind)

1897 – Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

1899 – Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.

1904 – Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

1907 – Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes 1st Native American US senator

1909 – 1st radio rescue at sea

1916 – Temp falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT

1930 – Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto

1930 – George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Va established

1932 – El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers

1933 – 20th amendment changes date of presidential inaugurations to 1/20

1937 – Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin’s great purge

1942 – Tank battle at Adzjedabia, African corps vs British army

1943 – 66.34 cm (26.12″), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)

1943 – British 8th army marches into Tripoli

1943 – Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured

1943 – Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

1945 – World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

1946 – Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA

1948 – Huston’s “Treasure of Sierra Madre” starring Humphrey Bogart opens

1950 – Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel

1950 – NFL rule changes open way for 2-platoon system (offense & defense)

1950 – Rebel army of cap Raymond Westerner occupies Bandung

1954 – Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (18 games)

1960 – Bathosphere “Trieste” reach bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)

1962 – Bob Feller & Jackie Robinson elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1962 – British spy Kim Philby defects to USSR

1964 – 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections

1965 – Boston Celtic center Bill Russell misses all 14 shots in loss to Philadelphia Warriors led by Wilt Chamberlain

 

 

 

1968 – Spy ship USS Pueblo & 83-man crew seized in Sea of Japan by N Korea

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Cream releases their last album “Goodbye”

1970 – Australia’s 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (California)

1970 – Dolle Mina’s burns her bra in Amsterdam

1971 – -80°F (-62°C) in Prospect Creek Camp, Alaska (US record)

1971 – UCLA loses to Notre Dame, UCLA then wins next 88 games in a row

1972 – Bootlegger sells wood alcohol to wedding party-100 die-New Delhi

1972 – Entire population of Istanbul under 24 hour house arrest

1973 – Helgafell, island of Heimaey Iceland erupts for 1st time in 7,000 yrs

1973 – Pres Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War

1975 – “Barney Miller” premieres on ABC TV

1977 – Miniseries “Roots” premieres on ABC

1978 – Belgian industrial Haron Empain kidnapped in Paris

1978 – Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to earth’s ozone layer.

1979 – Willie Mays elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1981 – 1st Richard Nixon museum opens (San Clemente California)

1981 – Mike Bossy becomes 1st in NHL to score 50 goals in 50 games

1983 – “A-Team” with Mr T premieres on NBC

1983 – Bjorn Borg announces his retirement from tennis

1984 – Hulk Hogan defeats Iron Sheik to become WWF champ

1986 – 1st induction of Rock ‘N’ Roll Hall of Fame (Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Domino, Everly Bros, B Holly, J L Lewis & Elvis Presley)

1987 – Japan 1st exceeds military spending cap of 1% of GNP ($23 billion)

1991 – “Seinfeld” debuts on NBC-TV

1993 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Nancy Kerrigan

1994 – Bernie Kosar is 2nd QB to throw TD passes in AFC & NFC Champ games

1996 – The first version of the Java programming language was released.

2001 – The Chinese Communist Party stages a self-immolation in Tiananmen Square to frame Falun Gong and escalate the persecution.

2002 – Reporter Daniel Pearl was kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan. He was subsequently murdered .

2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in Federal Bureau of Investigation custody.

2003 – Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10

2009 – Dendermonde nursery attack occurred in Dendermonde, Belgium.

2012 – European Union agrees to embargo Iranian oil in protest against Iran’s alleged nuclear weapons program

 

 

 

Births

1350 – Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)

1574 – Lucas I Franchoys, Belgian painter

1582 – John Barclay, Scottish satirist/Latin poet (Argenis)

1688 – Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (d. 1741)

1719 – John Landen, English mathematician (d. 1790)

 

 

 

1730 – Joseph HewesUS merchant (Declaration of Independence signer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1737 – John Hancockmerchant/statesman, (1st to sign Declaration of Independence), (d. 1793)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1745 – William Jessop, English canal engineer (d. 1814)

1783 – Stendhal, [Marie Henri Beyle], France, writer (Le Rouge et de Noir)

1785 – Carl A Agardh, Sweden, botanist/bishop of Karlstad

1786 – Auguste de Montferrand, French architect (d. 1858)

1809 – Veer Surendra Sai, Indian Freedom Fighter

1827 – Takamori Saigo, Samurai, leader of Satsuma rebellion (d. 1877)

1828 – Calvin Edward Pratt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896

1832 – Edouard Manet, Paris, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), (d. 1883)

1833 – John Randolph Chambliss Jr, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1840 – Ernst Abbe, Germany, physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company)

1855 – John Moses Browning, American inventor (d. 1926)

1862 – David Hilbert, Königsberg East Prussia, mathematician

1872 – Paul Langevin, French physicist (d. 1946)

1884 – Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver (d. 1956)

 

 

 

1897 – Sir William Samuel StephensonCanadian soldierW.W.II codename, IntrepidInspiration for James Bond. (d. 1989)

 

 

 

 

 

1897 – Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)

1898 – Randolph Scott, actor (Last of the Mohicans, Western Union)

1898 – Sergei Eisenstein, Russia, director (Battleship Potemkin) [NS]

1899 – Joseph Nathan Kane, historian (Famous Firsts)

1899 – Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (d. 1931)

1902 – Benny Waters, saxophonist

1906 – Bob Steele, Pendleton Oregon, actor (Duffy-F Troop, Big Sleep)

1907 – Dan Duryea, White Plains NY, actor (Pride of the Yankees)

1907 – Hediki Yukawa, Japan, physicist (Nobel 1949)

 

 

 

1910 – Django ReinhardtBelgiumGypsy jazz guitarist

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1914 – Napoleon L Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne

1915 – Potter Stewart, Mich, 94th Supreme Court justice (1958-81)

1918 – Gertrude Belle Elion, NYC, biochemist/drug researcher (Nobel 1988)

1919 – Ernie Kovacs, Trenton NJ, comedian (Ernie Kovacs’ Show)

1919 – Nina Dumbadze, USSR, Discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1952)

1919 – Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist

1923 – Florence Halop, Queens, actress (Florence-Night Court, St Elsewhere)

1923 – Walter M[ichael] Miller Jr, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, View from Stars)

1927 – Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (d. 1994)

1928 – Eugene Monti, Italy, bobsledder (Olympic-2 golds-1968)

1928 – Jeanne Moreau, Paris France, actress (Going Places, Jules & Jim)

1928 – Kees [Cornelis] Broekman, Dutch speed skater (Olympic-silver-1952)

1929 – John Polanyi, Berlin, Canadian chemist (Nobel 1986)

1930 – William Reid Pogue, Okemah Oklahoma, Colonel USAF/astronaut (Skylab 4)

1933 – Arlene Golonka, Chicago Ill, actress (Millie-Mayberry RFD)

1936 – Jerry Kramer, Green Bay Packer, author (Instant Replay)

1938 – Anatoly Marchenko, Siberia, Soviet dissident

1939 – Sonny Chiba, Japanese actor and martial artist

1939 – Arlene Golonka, American actress

1942 – Ivan Ivanovich Bachurin, cosmonaut

1942 – Willy Bogner Jr, Munich, director (On Her Majesty’s Secret Service)

1943 – Gil Gerard, Little Rock Ark, actor (Buck Rogers in 25th Century)

1943 – Gary Burton, American jazz vibraphonist

1944 – Jerry Lawson, US singer (Persuasions-Under the Boardwalk)

1944 – Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor (Blade Runner, Ladyhawke, Osterman Weekend)

1944 – Sergey Belov, USSR, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1972)

1946 – Don Whittington, American businessman, car & airplane racer and convicted felon

1948 – Anita Pointer, Oakland, rock vocalist (Pointer Sisters-She’s So Shy)

1949 – Robert Cabana, Minneapolis, Mjr USMC/astronaut (STS 41, 53, 68, sk:88)

1950 – Bill Cunningham, rock keyboardist/bassist (Box Tops)

1950 – Danny Federici, rocker (E Street Band)

1950 – Patrick Simmons, guitarist/vocal (Doobie Brothers-Minute by Minute)

1950 – Richard Dean Anderson, Minneapolis, actor (MacGyver, Emerald Pt NAS)

1950 – William Cunningham, rock bassist/pianist (Box Tops-Letter)

1951 – Margaret Johnson Bailes, Bronx NY, 4X100 runner (Olympic-gold-1968)

1951 – Michael Matz, equestrian show jumper (Olympics-silver-96)

1953 – Lamont Robin Zander, rocker (Cheap Trick)

1954 – Franco De Vita, Caracas Venezuala, spanish singer (Extranjero)

1954 – Rick Finch, rocker (KC & Sunshine Band-Give It)

1955 – Reginald Calloway, trumpet player (Midnight Star-No Parking)

1957 – Caroline Louise Marguerite Grimaldi, Monte Carlo Monaco, princess

1958 – Lorraine Michaels, Canterbury England, playmate (Apr, 1981)

1959 – Earl Falconer, British reggae bassist (UB40-Red Red Wine)

1959 – Tyrone Power Jr, Los Angeles California, actor (Shag)

1960 – Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfing pioneer (d. 1998)

1963 – Gail O’Grady, Detroit, actress (Hitman, Nobody’s Perfect, NYPD Blue)

1966 – Scott Fortune, Newport Beach California, volleyballer (Oly-G-88,B-92, 96)

1967 – Christine Parris-Washington, Truro Nova Scotia, softball (Olympics-96)

1967 – Naim Suleymanoglu, Bulgaria, Turkish weight lifter (Oly-gold-1988)

1968 – Eric Metcalf, NFL receiver/running back (Atl Falcons, San Diego Chargers)

1971 – Julie Foudy, SD California, soccer midfielder (Olympics-96)

1971 – Mark Grimmette, Ann Arbor Mich, doubles luger (Olympics-1994)

1972 – Tanya Harding, Australian softball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)

1974 – Tiffani-Amber Theissen, Long Beach Ca, actress (Saved by Bell, 90210)

1975 – Tito Ortiz, American UFC fighter

1976 – Phil Boudreault, Copper Cliff Ontario, boxer (Olympics-96)

1979 – Sampsa Astala, Finnish musician (Lordi)

1980 – Theresa Kulikowski, Tacoma Wash, gymnast (World-bronze-95, Oly-96)

1981 – Greg Smith, American UFC fighter

 

 

 

1985 – Doutzen KroesDutch supermodel

 

Deaths

1002 – Otto III, German king/emperor 983/996-1002, dies at 21

1199 – Yaqub, Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)

1356 – Margaretha of Bavaria, Emperess of Germany, dies

1516 – Ferdinand II, king of Aragon/Sicily, dies at 63

1567 – Jiajing, Emperor of China (b. 1507)

1622 – William Baffin, British explorer, dies at about 38

1639 – Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis, Peruvian poet, burned at stake

1744 – Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)

1785 – Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)

 

 

 

1800 – Edward RutledgeUS attorney (signed Decl of Indep), dies at 50

 

 

 

 

 

 

1803 – Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer (b. 1725)

1805 – Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)

1806 – William Pitt, the Younger, PM Great Britain (1783..1806), dies at 46

1812 – Robert Craufurd, British general (b. 1764)

 

 

 

1813 – George ClymerUS merchant (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 73

 

 

 

 

 

 

1833 – Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)

1838 – Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director, dies at 67

1893 – Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1825)

1913 – Nazim Pasha, Turkey’s PM, assassinated

1937 – Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (b. 1876)

1943 – Alexander Woollcott, critic, dies of a heart attack on radio, at 56

1944 – Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80

1945 – Helmuth J Moltke, German politician (“July 20th Plot”), executed at 37

1956 – Alexander Korda, English movie producer (Henry VIII), dies at 62

1957 – Willie Edwards, US black, murdered by KKK at 25

1973 – Alexander Onassis, Greek heir of the Onassis family (b. 1948)

1973 – Kid Ory, American jazz trombonist (b. 1886)

1976 – Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 44

1976 – Paul Robeson, athlete/lawyer/singer, dies in Philadelphia at 77

1977 – Bernard “Toots” Shor, barkeeper, dies at 73

1978 – Jack Oakie, actor (Great Dictator, Gang Buster), dies at 74

1978 – Terry Kath, rock guitarist (Chicago), accidently shot in head at 32

1978 – Vic Ames, American singer (Ames Brothers) (b. 1925)

1989 – Salvador Dalí, Catalan artist (b. 1904)

1990 – Albert Collins, guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd), dies of pneumonia at 57

1992 – Freddie Bartholomew, child actor (Kidnapped), dies of emphysema at 67

1993 – Thomas A Dorsey, jazz pianist (Take My Hand, Precious Lord), dies

1994 – Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian marshal (Flight KAL 007), dies at 76

1997 – Laura “Dinky” Patterson, dies bungee jumping at Superbowl rehearsal at 43

1997 – Randy Greenawalt, convicted killer, executed by injection at 47

1997 – Richard Berry, lyricist (Louie Louie), dies at 61

1997 – Roger John Tayler, astrophysicist, dies at 67

1999 – Jay Pritzker, American businessman (b. 1922)

2002 – Paul Aars, American racecar driver (b. 1934)

 

 

 

2002 – Robert NozickAmerican philosopher (b. 1938)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2003 – Nell Carter, American singer and actress (b. 1948)

2004 – Bob Keeshan, American actor (b. 1927)

2004 – Helmut Newton, German-born photographer (b. 1920)

 

 

 

2005 – Johnny CarsonAmerican television host (b. 1925)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

2007 – E. Howard Hunt, American Watergate figure (b. 1918)

2011 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness and nutritional expert (b. 1914)

2012 – Anthony Capo, DeCavalcante crime family hitman and informant, dies from heart attack at 52/53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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World’s First 3D-Printed Apartment Building Constructed In China

 

 

 

” While architectural firms compete with their designs for 3D-printed dwellings, one company in China has quietly been setting about getting the job done. In March of last year, company WinSun claimed to have printed 10 houses in 24 hours, using a proprietary 3D printer that uses a mixture of ground construction and industrial waste, such as glass and tailings, around a base of quick-drying cement mixed with a special hardening agent.

  Now, WinSun has further demonstrated the efficacy of its technology — with a five-story apartment building and a 1,100 square metre (11,840 square foot) villa, complete with decorative elements inside and out, on display at Suzhou Industrial Park.

  The 3D printer array, developed by Ma Yihe, who has been inventing 3D printers for over a decade, stands 6.6 metres high, 10 metres wide and 40 metres long (20 by 33 by 132 feet). This fabricates the parts in large pieces at WinSun’s facility. The structures are then assembled on-site, complete with steel reinforcements and insulation in order to comply with official building standards.”

 

Read on

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

565 – Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.

871 – Battle at Basing: Danish invasion army beats Ethelred of Wessex

1371 – King Robert II Stuart of Scotland crowned

1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican.

1510 – Jews are expelled from Colmar Germany

1517 – Turks conquer Cairo

1528 – England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V

1673 – Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated

1689 – Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords

1690 – Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French

1760 – Battle at Wandewash India: British troops beat French

1771 – Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain

1798 – Coup of Midderigh

1813 – Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory

1816 – Lord Byron completes “Parisina” & “Siege of Corinth”

1817 – English freighter Diana sinks off Malaysia

1824 – Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.

1837 – Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands

1840 – British colonists reach New Zealand.

1850 – Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif

1862 – Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20

1863 – Union General Burnside’s “Mud March”

1873 – Britains SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness England, 300 die

 

 

 

1879 – Zulus attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana South Africa

 

 

 

 

 

1879 – Battle at Rorkes DriftBritish garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulus

 

 

 

 

 

1889 – Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.

1890 – Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC

1895 – National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati

1899 – Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.

1905 – Bloody Sunday: Russian demonstrators fired on by tsarist troops

1906 – SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.

1930 – -35°F (-37°C), Mount Carroll, Illinois (state record)

1938 – “Our Town,” Thornton Wilder’s Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover’s Corners, NH, premieres (NJ)

1939 – Uranium atom 1st split, Columbia University

1941 – 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania

1941 – British/Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians

1942 – Japanese air raid on Rabaul, New Britain

1943 – Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, SD

 

 

 

1944 – Battle of AnzioItalyAllies stopped on beach

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Burma highway reopens

1945 – Heavy US air raid on Okinawa

1946 – US president sets up CIA, Central Intelligence Agency

1951 – Fidel Castro ejected from a Winter League game after beaning batter

1956 – 30 die in a train crash in Los Angeles

1957 – Israeli forces withdraw from Sinai Peninsula

 

 

 

1957 – Mad Bomber (George P Meteskyaccused of 30 explosionsarrested

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – USAF concludes less than 1% of UFO’s are unknown objects

1960 – Paul Pender beats Sugar Ray Robinson for middleweight boxing title

1962 – The Organization of American States suspends Cuba’s membership.

1964 – World’s largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured, Wisconsin

1965 – US launches TIROS 9 weather satellite

1968 – “Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In” premieres on NBC

1968 – Apollo 5 launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made

1969 – Billy Preston becomes 5th Beatle

1969 – Roy Campanella & Stan Musial elected to baseball Hall of Fame

1970 – 1st commercial Boeing 747 flight, NY to London in 6½ hours

1972 – “Emergency” with Robert Fuller premieres on NBC TV

1973 – George Foreman TKOs Joe Frazier in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1973 – Roe vs Wade: US Supreme Court legalizes some abortions

1973 – US, North & South Vietnam & Vietcong sign boundary accord

1975 – Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched

1976 – Bank robbery in Beirut nets $20-50 million (record)

1980 – Andrei Sakharov is arrested in Moscow

1982 – 75% of North America is covered by snow

1983 – Houston is 1st NBA team to be held scoreless in an overtime Portland Trail Blazers out score them 17-0 & win 113-96

1984 – Annette Kennedy of SUNY sets women’s basketball record with 70 pts

1984 – Superbowl XVIII: LA Raiders beat Wash Red Skins, 38-9 in Tampa Superbowl MVP: Marcus Allen, LA Raiders, RB

1985 – -30°F (-34°C), Mountain Lake Bio Station, Virginia (state record)

1985 – Cold wave damages 90% of Florida’s citrus crop

1987 – Blizzard in NJ, as 334 attend Devils-Flame NHL game, NJ wins 7-5

1987 – Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.

1988 – Mike Tyson TKOs Larry Holmes in 4 for heavyweight boxing title

1989 – Superbowl XXIII: SF 49ers beat Cin Bengals, 20-16 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Jerry Rice, San Francisco, WR

1990 – 17th American Music Award: Milli Vanilli

1990 – Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet worm.

1991 – Gulf War. Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.

1992 – Princess Sarah Ferguson wears paper bag over her head on airline ride

1992 – Rebel forces occupy Zaire’s national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government’s resignation.

1993 – Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6:38.77

1995 – Palestinian bomb attack in Beit Lid Israel, 21-22 killed

1999 – Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.

2002 – Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

2003 – Last successful contact with the spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects.

2006 – Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country’s first indigenous president.

 

 

 

2007 – The jury portion of the trial against Robert Picktonaccused of being Canada’s worst serial killeropens in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.

 

 

 

 

 

2010 – Conan O’Brien’s last Tonight Show episode after a big controversy over the Tonight Show timeslot.

 

 

 

Births

1263 – Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)

1440 – Ivan III, the Great, Russian czar (1462-1505)/conquered Lithuania

1553 – Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)

1561 – Francis Bacon, Strand, London, statesman/essayist (Novum Organum), (d. 1626)

1592 – Pierre Gassendi, Champtercier Provence, scientist/philosopher

1654 – Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)

1655 – Geleyn Evertsen, lt-admiral (Zealand)

1733 – Philip Carteret, British Naval Officer

 

 

 

1788 – Lord [George Gordon Noel] ByronEnglandromantic poet (Don Juan)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1796 – Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)

1802 – Richard Upjohn, US, gothic architect (Trinity Chapel, NY)

1826 – [Merriwether] Jeff Thompson, Partisan (Confederate Army), died in 1876

1849 – August Strindberg, Sweden, dramatist/novelist (Apologia)

1858 – Beatrice Potter Webb, England, economist

1865 – Friedrich Paschen, German physicist

1869 – Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II (d. 1916)

1874 – Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)

 

 

 

1875 – D[avid] W Griffithmovie producer/director (Birth of a Nation)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1890 – Fred M Vinson, Ky, 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53)

1892 – Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder

1893 – Conrad Veidt, Potsdam Germany, actor (Cabinet of Dr Calgary)

1897 – Rosa Ponselle, opera diva (Casta Diva, La Forza del Destino)

1903 – Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)

1904 – George Balanchine [Giorgi Balanchivadze], ballet composer/choreographer, (d. 1983), [OS=Jan 9]

1906 – Robert E[rvin] Howard, US, sci-fi author (Conan the Conqueror)

1906 – Willa B Brown (Coffey), US black air pioneer (NAAA)

1909 – Ann Sothern, [Harriette Lake], ND, actress (Lady in a Cage)

1909 – Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962)

1909 – [Sithu] U Thant, Burma, 3rd UN sec-genl (1962-72)

1909 – Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)

1911 – Bruno Kreisky, Austria, bandleader/chancellor (1970-83)

1923 – Diana Douglas, Devonshire Bermuda, actress (The Cowboys)

1924 – Margaret Whiting, big band singer

1925 – Leslie Silver, English paint manufacturer/multi-millionaire

1931 – Galina Zybina, USSR, discus thrower (15 world records between 1952-58)

1932 – Piper Laurie, [Rosetta Jacobs], Detroit Mich, actress (Twin Peaks)

1932 – Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and former sexologist

1934 – Bill Bixby, SF California, actor (Incredible Hulk, My Favorite Martian)

1934 – Graham Kerr, chef (Galloping Gourmet)

1935 – Pierre S Du Pont IV, (gov-Del)

 

 

 

1935 – Sam Cooke, Chicago Ill, soul singer (You Send Me)(see UE Deaths 12/11)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1936 – Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate

1937 – Joseph Wambaugh, East Pittsburgh Pa, police writer (Onion Fields)

1937 – Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader

1940 – Addie “Micki” Harris, Passaic NJ, singer (Shirelles-Soldier Boy)

1940 – John Hurt, England, actor (Elephant Man, Alien, Midnight Express)

1945 – Oliver, rocker

1949 – Steve Perry, Hanford California, vocalist (Journey-Open Arms, Oh Sherry)

1952 – Karen Moe [Thornton], US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1972)

1952 – Teddy Gentry, Fort Payne Ala, country music star (Alabama-Mt Music)

1953 – Jim Jarmusch, American director

1954 – Chris Lemmon, LA California, actor (Brothers & Sisters, Duet) [or Jun 22]

1955 – Thomas David Jones, Balt Md, PhD/Astronaut (STS 59, 68, 80, sk: 98)

1957 – Mike Bossy, NHL forward (NY Islanders), 1st 50 goals in 50 game

1959 – Linda Blair, St Louis Mo, actress (Exorcist, Chained Heat, Savage St)

1960 – Michael Hutchence, Australia, rock vocalist/actor (INXS-Dogs in Space)

1963 – Andrei Tchmil, Ukrainian-Belgian cyclist

1964 – Ann Rowe, Auburn Maine, Miss Maine-America (1991)

1965 – Diane Lane, NYC, American actress (The Perfect Storm, Lady Beware, Lonesome Dove)

1965 – Jazzy Jeff Townes, rapper (Parents Just Don’t Understand)

1965 – Ray Mayhew, rocker (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)

1966 – Carlton Haselrig, NFL guard (NY Jets)

1967 – Manabu Nakanishi, wrestler (NJPW)

1967 – Nicholas Gillingham, British swimmer (world record 200m freestyle)

1967 – Olivia d’Abo, London England, actress (Wonder Years, Single Guy)

1967 – Ecaterina Szabo, Romanian gymnast

1969 – Christina Marie Leardini, St Petersburg Fla, playmate (Apr, 1991)

1969 – Shelley Sandie, Australian basketball guard (Olympics-88, 96)

1970 – Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist

1972 – Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan racing driver (d. 1999)

1975 – Lee Maxwell Francis Vertongen, Palmerston North NZ, cyclist (Oly-96)

1975 – Felipe Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver

1976 – Balthazar Getty, actor (Young Guns 2, Lord of the Flies)

1979 – Melanie Winiger, Miss Switzerland Universe (1997)

1980 – Ben Moody, American guitarist (Evanescence)

1981 – Willa Ford, American singer

 

 

 

1983 – Robert SteinhäuserGerman perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)

 

See Also :

Bremen school shooting
Cologne school massacre
Eppstein school shooting
Winnenden school shooting
Emsdetten school shooting
Ansbach school attack

 

 

 

1984 – Raica OliveiraBrazilian supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

1987 – Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian cross-country skier

 

 

Deaths

1336 – Louis III, last Earl of Loon, dies

1531 – Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter, dies at 44

1536 – Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)

1552 – Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, beheaded for treason

1640 – Erasmus Quellinus I, Flemish wood carver, dies at about 55

1767 – Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minterologist and geologist (b. 1719)

1779 – Claudius Smith, American Revolutionary War loyalist (b. 1736)

1779 – Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)

 

 

 

1798 – Lewis MorrisUS farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 71

 

 

 

 

 

1799 – Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58

1840 – Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)

1850 – Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint, dies at 54

 

 

 

1879 – Anthony DurnfordBritish coloneldies in Battle of Isandlwana

 

 

 

 

 

1879 – George Shepstone, British political affiliate, dies in battle

1892 – Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1813)

1909 – Richard A C E Erlenmeyer, German chemist, dies at 83

1921 – Captain George Streeter, American riverboat captain and circus owner (b. 1837)

1942 – Walter Richard Sickert, British painter (Free House!), dies at 81

1950 – Alan Hale, actor (Little John-Adv of Robin Hood), dies at 57

1951 – Karl Nessler, inventor of the perm (b. 1872)

1959 – Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (b. 1929)

 

 

 

1968 – Duke Kahanamoku100m swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-12, 20, 24), dies at 77

 

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Lyndon B Johnson, president (1963-69), dies at his Texas ranch at 64

1975 – Andrew George Burry, Swiss-born manufacturer and businessman (b. 1873)

1978 – Oliver Leese, British World War II general (b. 1894)

1979 – Ali Hassan Salameh, [Abu Hassan], killed by car bomb; believed to have helped mastermind massacre of 1972 Munich Olympics athletes

1985 – Sir Arthur Bryant, British historian (b. 1899)

1987 – R Budd Dwyer, Penns State Treasurer, facing prison for conspiracy & perjury, shot himself to death at a televised news conference

1988 – Georgi M Malenkov, Russian premier (1953-55), dies at 86

1994 – Irving B Kahn, inventer (teleprompter), dies at 76

1994 – Telly Savalas, actor (Kojak), dies of prostate cancer at 70

1995 – Mahmoud Sayed Selim, Egyptian moslim leader, shot to death at 29

1995 – Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, mother of pres JFK, RFK, & Ted, dies at 104

1996 – Edward Thomas, historian/intelligence expert, dies at 77

1996 – Yisrael Eldad, extremist politician, dies at 85

2000 – Craig Claiborne, American writer and editor (b. 1920)

2001 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (b. 1942)

2002 – Stanley Marcus, American business executive (b. 1905)

2003 – Bill Mauldin, American World War II cartoonist (b. 1921)

2004 – Billy May, American composer and musician (b. 1916)

2004 – Ann Miller, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)

2005 – Rose Mary Woods, American Watergate scandal figure (b. 1917)

2007 – Ngô Quang Trưởng, South Vietnamese general (b. 1929)

2008 – Heath Ledger, Australian actor (b. 1979)

2010 – Jean Simmons, English-American actress (b. 1929)

2012 – Joe Paterno, American College Hall of Fame football coach, dies from lung cancer at 85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—–

Gallup: Obama Plummets To Lowest Annual Approval Rating Ever

 

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” With six years down and just two left in which to build a legacy, President Barack Obama has posted his lowest-ever average annual approval rating.

  A Gallup poll finds that Obama, in the one-year period between Jan. 20, 2014, and Monday, posted an approval average of just 42.6 percent.

  During their sixth year in office, Presidents Dwight Eisenhower, Lyndon Johnson, and Richard Nixon showed their lowest approval rating as well, with the sixth-year approval rating of every president since 1945 averaging just 45.5 percent, Politico notes.

  President George W. Bush tapped out the lowest at 37.3 percent, while President Bill Clinton scored an average approval of 63.8 percent, just before the Monica Lewinsky scandal broke, Politico reports. Ronald Reagan, in his sixth year, averaged a 59.9 percent approval rating, Gallup reports.”

 

 

   For comparison Gallup provides us with the annual average approval ratings of all presidents since 1945 . As you can see below , Obama’s averages leave much to be desired .

 

 

Average Approval Ratings for U.S. Presidents by Year in Office, 1945-2015

 

 

 

    It’s interesting to note that with the exception of his first year in office Obama’s approval rating has been consistently well below 50% , while every year he has fallen well below the average of all of our post WWII leaders .

 

NewsMax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1077 – German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness

1189 – Philip II, Henry II & Richard Lion hearted initiate 3rd Crusade

1276 – Pierre de Tarantaise elected Pope Innocence V

1287 – The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon.

1324 – Zen Buddhist religious debate between Tendai & Shingon

1522 – Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope

1525 – The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz’s mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.

1542 – Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard

1664 – Count Miklos of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army

1677 – 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston

1749 – The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt in 1754.

1789 – 1st American novel, WH Brown’s “Power of Sympathy,” is published

1799 – Edward Jenner’s smallpox vaccination is introduced

1827 – Freedom Journal, 1st Black paper, begins publishing

1846 – 1st edition of Charles Dickens’ “Daily News”

1853 – Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass

1861 – Jefferson Davis of Mississippi & 4 other southern senators resign

1863 – City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years

1880 – 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis

1887 – Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms

1887 – Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.

1894 – Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec

1899 – Opel manufactured its first automobile.

1903 – “Wizard of Oz,” premieres in NYC

1903 – Harry Houdini escapes police station Halvemaansteeg in Amsterdam

1908 – NYC regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public

1910 – British-Russian military intervention in Persia

1915 – Kiwanis International founded in Detroit

1919 – Sinn Fein proclaims parliament of Free Ireland

1922 – 1st slalom ski race run, Murren, Switzerland

1935 – 12.0″ (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Wash (state record)

1935 – Wilderness Society forms

1941 – 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria

1941 – 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, TX

1941 – Australia & Britain attack Tobruk Libya

1942 – Count Basie records “One O’Clock Jump”

1942 – Tito’s partisans occupy Foca

1943 – Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk

1943 – Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad

1943 – Vice-admiral Cunningham appointed Brit adm of fleet

1944 – 447 German bombers attack London

1944 – 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg

1949 – 1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)

1950 – NY jury finds former State Dept official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury

1951 – Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Tampa Women’s Golf Open

1953 – John Foster Dulles appointed as Secretary of State

1954 – 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (NYC)

1958 – Phillies agree to televise 78 games into NYC (doesn’t happen)

1960 – Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km

1960 – Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook South Africa, 417 die of methane poisoning

1961 – Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria

1962 – Snow falls in SF

1964 – Carl T Rowan named director of US Information Agency

1967 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1968 – US B-52 bombers with nuclear bomb crashes in Greenland

 

 

 

1968 – Vietnam WarBattle of Khe Sanh – One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.

 

Videos

1970 – Panama Boeing 747 1st flight NY-London

1971 – “Alias Smith & Jones” premieres on ABC TV

1974 – Gold hits record $161.31/silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London

1976 – Supersonic Concorde, 1st commercial flights, by Britain & France

1977 – Italy legalizes abortion

1977 – Pres Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders

1978 – Bee Gees’ “Saturday Night Fever” album goes #1 for 24 weeks

1979 – Neptune becomes outermost planet (Pluto moves closer)

1979 – Price of gold increases to record $875 troy oz

1979 – Superbowl XIII: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 35-31 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, QB

1980 – Gold hits record $850 an ounce

1980 – Les Henson, Virginia Tech, makes 89′ 3″ basketball field goal

1981 – Bernhard Goetz is assault for 1st time on a NY subway train

1982 – NY Islanders begin then NHL record 15 game winning streak

1983 – Reagan certifies El Salvador human-rights abuses have decreased making country eligible for US military aid

1984 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton

1985 – -19°F (-28°C), Caesar’s Head, South Carolina (state record)

1985 – -34°F (-37°C), Mt Mitchell, North Carolina (state record)

1985 – Bomb attack on Borobudur temple in Java

1985 – Dennis Potvin ties Bobby Orr’s career record of 270 NHL goals

1986 – 100 participate in Nude Olympics race in 38°F (3°C), Indiana

1986 – Bomb attack in East-Beirut, 27 killed

1987 – BB King donates his 7,000 record collection to U of Mississippi

1988 – US accept immigration of 30,000 US-Vietnamese children

1989 – Wayne Gretzky passes Marcel Dionne to become NHL’s 2nd all time scorer

1990 – John McEnroe becomes 1st ever player to be expelled from the Australian Open

1993 – Nigerian singer Fela Kuti arrested on suspicion of murder

1994 – Dow Jones passes 3900 (record 3,914.20)

1994 – Lorena Bobbitt found temporarily insane of chopping off spouse’s penis

1999 – War on Drugs: In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepts a ship with over 4,300 kg (9,500 lb) of cocaine on board.

2002 – The Canadian Dollar sets all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).

2004 – NASA’s MER-A (the Mars Rover Spirit) ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies with Flash Memory management and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6.

2008 – Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 9/11, and Asian stocks drop as much as 15%.

2008 – The Eyak language in Alaska becomes extinct as its last native speaker dies.

 

 

 

Births

1337 – Charles V, the Wise, king of France (1364-80)

1338 – King Charles V of France (d. 1380)

1571 – John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam)

1659 – Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch portrait painter/engraver/architect

1721 – James Murray, British military officer, governor of Quebec (d. 1794)

1743 – John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)

1815 – Horace Wells, dentist (pioneered use of medical anethesia)

1821 – John Cabell Breckinridge, (D) 14th US VP (1857-61)/mjr-gen (Confed)

 

 

 

1824 – Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson , ClarksburgVirginiaLt Gen 2nd Corps (ANVConfed), (d. 1863)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1827 – Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)

 

 

 

1855 – John M BrowningUSweapons manufacturer

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1882 – Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)

1884 – Katie Sandwina, Germany, legendary woman weight-lifter

1884 – Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (American Civil Liberties Union)

1885 – Umberto Nobile, Italian general

1897 – J Carrol Naish, NYC, actor (Charlie Chan-Adv of Charlie Chan)

1905 – Christian Dior, Normandy France, fashion designer (long-skirted look)

1905 – Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (d. 1978)

1912 – Konrad Bloch, Germany, biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)

 

 

 

1918 – Richard D. Winters, American war hero(see UE Deaths 1.2.13)

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Barney Clark, 1st to receive a permanent artificial heart

1921 – Howard Unruh, American mass murderer

1922 – Paul Scofield, Hurst England, actor (Man for All Seasons, Train)

1923 – Judith Merril, [Josephine Juliet Grossman], sci-fi writer

 

 

 

1924 – Benny HillSouthampton Englandcomedian (Benny Hill Show)

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1924 – Telly Savalas, Garden City NJ, actor (Acapulco, Kojak)

1926 – Steve Reeves, Glasgow Montana, actor (Hercules, Hercules Unchained)

1930 – Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev, Russia, cosmonaut

1933 – William Wrigley III, chewing gum mogul (Wrigleys)

1935 – Ann Wedgeworth, Abilene Tx, actress (Tiger’s Tale, Men’s Club, Bogie)

1938 – Wolfman Jack, [Bob Smith], Bkln NY, DJ (Midnight Special)

1940 – Jack Nicklaus, Columbus Ohio, golfer (Player of Yr 1967,72,73,75,76)

1940 – Marquis of Tavistock, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1941 – Edwin Starr, [Charles Hatcher], US singer (War)

1941 – Placido Domingo, Madrid Spain, opera tenor (Pinkerton-Mme Butterfly)

1941 – Richie Havens, Bkln, folk singer (Here Comes the Sun)

1942 – Mac Davis, Lubbock Tx, singer/actor (Mac Davis Show, North Dallas 40)

1945 – Chris Britton, rocker (Troggs-Rock & Roll Goldmine)

1947 – Jill Eikenberry, New Haven Ct, (Ann Kelsey-LA Law, Manhattan Project)

1947 – Jimmy Ibbotson, Penn, country singer (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band)

1950 – Billy Ocean, [Leslie S Charles], Trinidad, singer (Caribbean Queen)

1953 – Paul Allen, American entrepreneur, co-founder of Microsoft

1955 – Robby Benson, Dallas Tx, actor (One on One, Running Brave, Chosen)

1955 – Jeff Koons, American artist

1957 – Geena [Virginia] Davis, Wareham Mass, actress (Beetlejuice, Fly)

1962 – Marie Trintignant, French actress (d. 2003)

1962 – Tyler Cowen, American economist

1963 – Hakeem Abdul Olajuwon, Nigeria, NBA center (Rockets, Oly-gold-96)

1965 – Cordell Crockett, rocker (Ugly Kid Joe-Mad Man, Too Bad)

1968 – Charlotte Ross, Chicago, actress (Eve-Days of Our Lives)

1968 – Ulrica Messing, Swedish politician

1971 – Alan McManus, Scottish snooker player

1972 – Cat Power (Chan Marshall), American musician

1974 – Alex Sperafico, Brazilian racing driver

1975 – Anette Oldenborg, Miss Universe-Denmark (1996)

1975 – Faghma Absalom, Miss Universe-Namibia (1996)

1975 – Casey FitzRandolph, American speed skater

1975 – Yuji Ide, Japanese racing driver

1976 – Emma Lee Bunton, “Baby Spice”, Finchley London, vocalist (Spice Girls)

1976 – Lynn Thomas, Newport News VA, playmate (May 1997)

1978 – Tamir “Nokio” Ruffin, American Singer

1978 – Phil Stacey, American Idol finalist

1979 – Spider Loc, American rapper, member of G-Unit

1981 – Izabella Miko, Polish-born actress and model

1985 – Sasha Pivovarova, Russian Model

1986 – Coffin Joe, English drummer ( The Horrors)

 

 

Deaths

304 – Saint Agnes (martyred) (b. 291)

879 – Boudouin with the Iron Arm, earl of Flanders, dies

917 – Erchanger, Duke of Swabia (c. 880)

1118 – Pope Paschal II, born Raniero (1099-1118) dies

1519 – Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)

1527 – Juan de Grijalva, Spanish conquistador (c. 1489)

1546 – Azai Sukemasa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1491)

1686 – Nicolas-Francois Blondel, French architect, dies

1704 – Willem B Schepers, Dutch merchant/ship owner, dies at about 83

1774 – Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717). Reigns 1757 to 1774. Dies at 56

1793 – Louis XVI, French King (1774-93), beheaded by revolutionaries at 38

1795 – Samuel Wallis, English navigator (b. 1728)

1809 – Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (b. 1729)

1892 – John Couch Adams, English co-discoverer of Neptune, dies

1901 – Elisha Gray, American inventor (b. 1835)

1924 – Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian leader, dies of a stroke at 53

1928 – George Goethals, American army engineer (b. 1858)

1932 – [Giles] Lytton Strachey, British biographer/critic, dies at 51

1950 – George Orwell, author (Animal Farm, 1984), dies in London at 46

1959 – Cecil B de Mille, producer (10 Commandments), dies at 77(b. 1881)

1967 – Ann Sheridan, actress (Pistols ‘n’ Petticoats), dies of cancer at 51

1974 – Lewis L Strauss, head US Atomic Energy Comm (1953-58), dies at 78

 

 

 

1984 – Jackie WilsonUS singer (I Get the Sweetest Feeling), dies at 49

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1985 – Barbara Cowsill, rocker (Cowsills), dies of emphysema

1985 – James Beard, American chef and author (b. 1903)

1989 – Billy Tipton, American musician (b. 1914)

1991 – Howard “Red” Grange, football’s galloping ghost, dies at 87

1991 – Richard Bolling, (Rep-D-Mo)/US civil-rights leader, dies at 74

 

 

 

1992 – William T “Champion Jack” DupreeUS boxer/pianistdies at 81

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1994 – Basel al-Assad, Syrian pres Assad son, dies in car accident at 31

1996 – Sam Green, industrialist/inventor, dies at 88

1997 – Colonel Tom Parker, manager (Elvis Presley), dies at 87

1998 – Jack Lord, American actor (b. 1920)

 

 

 

1999 – Charles BrownAmerican blues singer and pianist (b. 1920)

 

Videos

 

 

 

2001 – Byron De La Beckwith, American white supremacist (b. 1921)

 

 

 

2002 – Peggy LeeAmerican singer (b. 1920)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

2008 – Marie Smith Jones, last native speaker of the Eyak language (b. 1918)

2012 – Roy John Britten, American molecular biologist, dies at 92

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inside The Best Vintage Car Discovery Ever

 

 

 

 

 

 

” $20 million worth of exquisite luxury cars were lost in a French barn for decades. We just found them.

  Like most people, car enthusiasts dream about treasure and usually, automotive treasure is found in a barn: an enthusiast’s collection of exotics abandoned in a dusty structure, left to the sparrows.”

 

 

 

 

 

” The Baillon Collection, coming up for auction on February 6th, is just that—a forgotten hoard of gorgeous European cars left for decades under open-sided sheds in southern France. Their owner, shipping magnate Roger Baillon, fell on hard economic times in the 1970s and was never able to build the automotive museum he had worked towards. Instead, his cars became a ghostly testament to the power of neglect. “

 

See the whole story with many more photos at Maxim.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Photographer Levi Bettweiser is the man behind the Rescued Film Project, an effort to find and rescue old and undeveloped rolls of film from the far corners of the world.”

 

 

Screen Shot 2015-01-16 at 10.55.32 AM

 

 

” He recently came across one of his biggest finds so far: 31 undeveloped rolls of film shot by a single soldier during World War II.”

 

 

Screen Shot 2015-01-16 at 10.56.41 AM

 

” Bettweiser tells us he found the film rolls in late 2014 at an auction in Ohio. About half the rolls were labeled with various location names (i.e. Boston Harbor, Lucky Strike Beach, LaHavre Harbor). “I know nothing about who shot the film or who it belonged to,” he says.”

 

PetaPixel has many more photos 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

250 – St Fabian ends his reign as Catholic Pope (236-50)

820 – Book of mother, published

1045 – Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III

1156 – According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland.

1265 – 1st English Parliament called into session by Earl of Leicester

1320 – Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland

1356 – Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.

1502 – The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored.

1613 – Peace of Knarodends War of Kalmar between Denmark & Sweden

1778 – 1st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Mass

1785 – Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers

1801 – John Marshall appointed US chief justice

1809 – 1st US geology book published by William Maclure

1839 – In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.

1841 – China cedes Hong Kong to British

1850 – Investigator, 1st ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England

1869 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before Congress

1870 – “City of Boston” vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard

1870 – Hiram R Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis

1879 – British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana

1887 – US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor

1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.

1921 – British submarine K5 leaves with man & mouse

1921 – Turkey declared in remnants of Ottoman Empire

1930 – 1st radio broadcast of “Lone Ranger” (WXYZ-Detroit)

1937 – -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)

1939 – Hitler proclaims to German parliament to exterminate all European Jews

1942 – Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain

1942 – Japanese invade Burma

1942 – Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin deciding on “final solution” calling for extermination of Europe’s Jews

1943 – Lead SD, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F

1943 – Operation-Weiss: Assault of German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian

1944 – RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin

1945 – FDR sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as president

1945 – Hungary ends its involvement in the Second World War, agreeing to an armistice with the Allies.

1947 – Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA

1949 – J Edgar Hoover gives Shirley Temple a tear gas fountain pen

1949 – Pres Harry Truman announces his point 4 program

1952 – British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone

1953 – 1st live coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

1954 – -70°F (-57°C), Rogers Pass, Montana (US 48 state record)

 

 

 

1954 – 1st atomic subUSS Nautiluslaunched at Groton Conn ( Act. 1/21)

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo

1965 – Beatles appear on Shindig (ABC-TV)

1965 – JPL proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return

1965 – Generalissimo Francisco Franco meets with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain

1968 – Houston ends UCLA’s 47-game basketball winning streak, 71-69

1968 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1969 – Richard M Nixon inaugurated as president

1970 – Super Fight, computer mock championship between Ali & Marciano

1977 – George Bush, ends term as 11th director of CIA

1977 – Mr Knoche, serves as acting director of CIA

1978 – Columbia Pictures pays $9.5 million for movie rights to “Annie”

1980 – President Jimmy Carter announces US boycott of Olympics in Moscow

1981 – 52 Americans held hostage in Iran for 444 days freed

1981 – Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), ends term as 12th director of CIA

1981 – Frank C Carlucci, ends term as deputy director of CIA

1981 – Ronald Reagan inaugurated as president

1982 – 7 miners killed in an explosion in Craynor Ky

1984 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners

1985 – Cold front strikes US, at least 40 die (-27°F (-33°C) in Chicago)

1985 – Superbowl XIX: SF 49ers beat Miami Dolphins, 38-16 in Stanford Superbowl MVP: Joe Montana, San Francisco, QB

1986 – 1st federal holiday honoring Martin Luther King Jr

1986 – Chunnel announced (railroad tunnel under Canal)

1986 – Milt coup in Lesotho under gen-mjr Lekhanya & premier Leabua Jonathan

1987 – Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite taken hostage in Beirut, Lebanon

1987 – Rhino Records 1st #1-Billy Vera & Beaters’ “At This Moment”

1988 – Andre Hoffman skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)

1988 – Arizona committee opens hearing on impeachment of Gov Evan Mecham

1989 – Bush inaugurated as 41st president & Quayle becomes 44th vice pres

1989 – Reagan becomes 1st pres elected in a “0” year, since 1840, to leave office alive

1990 – 47th Golden Globes: Born on 4th of July, Driving Miss Daisy win

1990 – US 64th manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) returns from space

1990 – Black January – crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.

1991 – US Patriot missiles begins shooting down Iraqi missiles

1991 – Matt Barr’s field goal with no time left gives NY Giant 15-13 Victory over defending champs SF 49ers, for NFC title

1991 – Sudan’s government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country’s Muslim north and Christian south.

1993 – Adm Studeman, serves as acting director of CIA

1993 – Bill Clinton inaugurated as 42nd president

1995 – Russian ruble drops to 3,947 per dollar (record)

1996 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Michelle Kwan

1997 – Comet Hale-Bopp crosses Mars’ orbit

1998 – Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inducts Mama & Papas & Eagles

1999 – The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use aimed especially at Internet cafés.

 

 

Births

225 – Gordian III, Roman Emperor (d. 244)

1292 – Elisabeth I of Bohemia (d. 1330)

1358 – Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)

1435 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (d. 1490)

1554 – King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)

1654 – Michiel de Swaen, South Netherland physician/poet

 

 

 

1732 – Richard Henry LeeUS farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

 

1775 – André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)

1798 – Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (d. 1858)

1812 – Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1812 – Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)

1813 – Jacon Gartner Lauman, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1820 – Anne Jemima Clough, England, promoted higher education for women

1837 – David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)

1847 – W R Pettiford, Founder (Alabama Penny Savings Bank)

1877 – Ruth St Denis, Newark NJ, ballerina (Dances of the 5 Senses)

1883 – Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces

1884 – A[braham P] Merritt, US, sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)

 

 

 

1888 – Lead Belly, Louisiana, blues 12 string guitarist (Rock Island Line), (d. 1949)(see UE Deaths 12/06)

 

Videos

 

 

 

1892 – Roscoe Ates, Grange Miss, actor (Dep Roscoe-Marshal of Gunsight Pass)

1893 – Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)

1893 – Georg Åberg, Swedish athlete (d. 1946)

1894 – Harold L Gray, creator (Little Orphan Annie)

 

 

 

1896 – George Burns, [Nathan Birnbaum], NYCactor/comedian (Oh God)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1898 – Colin Clive, [Greig], St Malo France, actor (Bride of Frankenstein)

1903 – Leon Ames, Portland Indiana, actor (Mr Ed, Father of the Bride)

1904 – Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician/grandson of Bakunin

1908 – Ian Peebles, cricketer (Scottish leg-spinner, England 1927-31)

1910 – Ennio Porrino, composer

1910 – Joy Adamson, naturalist/author (Born Free)

1912 – Christopher Casson, Irish actor (Zardoz, Educating Rita)

1912 – Walter Briggs, Jr., American sports executive (d. 1970)

1915 – Joe Hitchcock, darts player (leader of St Dunstan’s Four)

1916 – Walter Bartley, biochemist

1920 – DeForest Kelley, Atlanta GA, actor (Dr McCoy-Star Trek)

1920 – Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist

1920 – Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author and ski jumper (d. 2006)

1922 – Lord James Hanson, English industrialist/House of Lords (Conservative)

1922 – Ray Anthony, Penn, orchestra leader (Ray Anthony Show, Peter Gunn Theme)

1926 – Patricia Neal, Packard Ky, actress (Hud, Subject Was Roses), (d. 2010)

1928 – Martin Landau, Bkln NY, actor (Mission Impossible, Tucker, Space 1999)

1929 – Arte Johnson, Chicago Ill, comedian (Laugh-in, Don’t Call Me Charlie)

1929 – Bob Denard, French mercenary

 

 

 

1930 – Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin JrMontclair NJUSAF/astro (Gem 12, Ap 11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – Ron Townson, St Louis Mo, rock vocalist (5th Dimension-Up Up & Away)

1937 – Dorothy Provine, Deadwood SD, actress (Good Neighbor Sam, Darn Cat)

1939 – Nalin Chandra Wickramasinghe, Indian astronomer

1940 – Carol Heiss Jenkins, NYC, figure skater (Oly-gold/silver-56, 60)

1941 – Pierre Lalonde, Quebec singer and television host

1942 – Slim Whitman, yoddler/country singer (Home on the Range)

1945 – Eric Stewart, rock guitarist (10cc-I’m Not in Love)

1945 – Peter Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire

1946 – David Lynch, Missoula Montana, actor/director (Dune, Eraserhead)

1947 – George Grantham, rocker (Poco-Crazy Eyes)

1947 – Malcolm McLaren, founded rock group (Sex Pistols-God Save the Queen)

1947 – Ronald Townson, rock singer (5th Dimension-We Can Fly)

1948 – Jerry Ross, Ind, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (STS 61B, 27, 37, 55, 74,sk:88)

1948 – Melvyn Paul Pritchard, England, rocker (Barclay James Harvest)

 

 

 

1948 – Natan SharanskyRussian-born physicist and politician

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Ian Hill, bass guitarist (Judas Priest-Breakin the Law)

1952 – Paul Stanley, [Eisen], rock guitarist (KISS-Beth)

1955 – Joe Doherty, Ireland, IRA activist (jailed in US)

1956 – John McNally, Naha Okinawa, US rapid fire pistol (Oly-84, 88, 92, 96)

1956 – John Phillips Naber, Evanston Ill, swimmer (Olympic-4 gold/silver-76)

1958 – Lorenzo Lamas, LA California, actor (Lance-Falcon Crest, California Fever)

1964 – Victoria Sellers, London England, actress (Crime Zone, Warlords)

1964 – Kazushige Nojima, Japanese game scenario writer

1966 – Tracii Guns, rock guitarist (LA Guns-It’s Over Now)

1967 – Joe Pasquale, rocker (Prey)

 

 

 

1967 – Stacey DashBronx NYactress (Dionne-Clueless)

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Andre Romal Cason, Virginia Beach VA, 100m runner

1969 – Melissa Rivers, NYC, TV hostess (MTV, CBS Morning News)

1970 – Skeet Ulrich, actor (Scream)

1970 – Thomas “Tom” Murray, Buffalo NY, rower (Olympics-1996)

1974 – Calvin Harrison, Orlando Florida, 200m/400m runner

1975 – Norberto Fontana, Argentine racing driver

1977 – Paul “Goggo” Adams, cricketer (lefty very unorthodox bowler for S Afr)

1977 – Melody, Belgian singer

1978 – Sonja Kesselschläger, German heptathlete

1978 – Joy Giovanni, American actress and glamour model

1979 – Rob Bourdon, American musician (Linkin Park)

1980 – Philippe Cousteau Jr., Freanch oceanographer; grandson of Jacques Cousteau

1980 – Brigitte Olivier, Belgian judoka

1980 – Matthew Tuck, Welsh guitarist (Bullet for My Valentine)

1981 – Crystal Lowe, Canadian actress

1984 – Toni Gonzaga, Filipina Actress and Singer

 

 

 

Deaths

250 – Fabianus, Pope (236-50)/saint, dies

287 – St. Sebastian

820 – Muslim jurist Abu Abdallah M ibn Idris al-Sjafi’i, dies

842 – Theophilus, Byzantine kaiser (829-42), dies

882 – Louis II/III the Younger, German king (876-82), dies

1156 – Bishop Henry, patron saint of Finland

1191 – Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia (b. 1167)

1479 – John II, king of Aragon/Navarra, dies at 81

1666 – Anna of Austria, queen of France/daughter of Philip III, dies at 64

1739 – Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (b. 1659)

1779 – John Burman, Dutch botanist/director (botanical gardens), dies at 71

1810 – Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (b. 1722)

1819 – Carlos IV, King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70

1837 – John Soane, English architect (Book of Designs), dies at 84

1862 – Felix Zollicoffer, Gen killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines

1873 – The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)

1901 – Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (b. 1826)

1936 – George V, King of Britain (1910-36), dies at 70

1936 – King George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)

1940 – Omar Bundy, U.S. army general (b. 1861)

1947 – Josh Gibson, Negro League slugger, dies of a brain tumor at age 35

1949 – Josephus T J Cuypers, architect (Amsterdam Stock Exchange), dies at 87

1957 – James Connolly, 1st Oly winner (1896) since Barasdates (369 CE), dies

1959 – Carl Switzer, actor (Alfalfa-Our Gang), shot to death at 31

1965 – Alan Freed, DJ (Big Beat), dies at 42

1971 – Gilbert M Anderson, actor (1st Movie Cowboy), dies at 88

1982 – Marc Demeyer, Belgian cyclist (Paris-Brus 1974), dies at 31[or 1/19]

1984 – Johnny Weissmuller, US swimmer (Olympics-5 gold-1924, 28), dies at 79

1988 – Philippe de Rothschild, Bordeaux Vineyard manager, dies in Paris at 86

1989 – Beatrice Lillie, actress (Thoroughly Modern Millie), dies at 94

1990 – Barbara Stanwyck, [Ruby Stevens], actress (Big Valley), dies at 82

1991 – Bill Riordon, US tennis promotor (Jimmy Connors), dies

1993 – Audrey Hepburn, actress (Roman Holiday), dies of colon cancer at 63

1996 – Buster Benton, singer/guitarist, dies at 63

1996 – Gerald Joseph Mulligan, baritone saxophonist/composer, dies at 68

1997 – Curt Flood, centerfielder (Cards), dies of throat cancer at 59

1997 – Edith Haisman, the oldest survivor of Titanic, dies at 100

1997 – Vladimir Yamnikov, owner (Kristall vodka), dies of cirrhosis at 56

1998 – Bobo Brazil, American professional wrestler (b. 1924)

2003 – Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (b. 1903)

2005 – Miriam Louisa Rothschild, British zoologist, entomologist, and author (b. 1908)

2009 – David “Fathead” Newman , American jazz musician  (b. 1933)

 

 

 

2012 – John F Baker JnrUnited States Army Master Sergeant and Medal of Honor recipient dies at 66

 

 

 

 

Navy Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

2012 – Etta James, American singer, dies from leukemia at 73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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