Category: History


Today In The Past

 

 

Events

911 – Conrad I elecect German King

 

 

 

1444 – Battle at VarnaBlack SeaSultan Murad II beats crusaders

 

 

 

 

 

1544 – Antwerps painter John Matsys banished

1567 – Battle at St-Denis: French government army vs Huguenots

1619 – René Descartes has the dreams that inspire his Meditations on First Philosophy.

1630 – Failed palace revolution against Richelieu France

1674 – Dutch formally cede New Netherlands (NY) to English

1766 – The last Colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signs the charter of Queen’s College (later renamed Rutgers University).

 

 

 

1775 – Congress forms US Marine Corps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1793 – France ends forced worship of God

1801 – Kentucky outlaws dueling

1836 – Louis Napoleon banished to America

1847 – The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction the Fastnet Rock lighthouse.

1864 – Kingston, GA burned during Sherman’s March to Sea

1885 – Gottlieb Daimler’s motorcycle, world’s 1st, unveiled

1891 – 1st Woman’s Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston)

1891 – Granville T Woods patents electric railway

1905 – Sailors revolt in Kronstadt Russia

1908 – 1st Gideon Bible put in a hotel room

1911 – Andrew Carnegie forms Carnegie Corp (for scholarly & charitable works)

1911 – Imperial army recaptures Nanking (blood bath)

1917 – 41 suffragists are arrested in front of White House

1918 – Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Pilsudski

1918 – The Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, NS received a top-secret coded message from Europe (that would be sent to Ottawa, ON and Washington, DC) that said on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air.

1919 – 1st observance of National Book Week

1919 – American Legion’s 1st national convention (Minneapolis)

 

 

 

1924 – Dion O’Banion, leader of the North Side Gang is assassinated in his flower shop by members of Johnny Torrio’s gang, sparking the bloody gang war of the 1920s in Chicago.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1928 – Hirohito ascended throne as Emperor of Japan

1933 – Black Blizzard snowstorm-duststorm rages from SD to Atlantic

1938 – Nobel for literature awarded to Pearl Buck (Good Earth)

1940 – Walt Disney begins serving as an informer for the Los Angeles office of the FBI; his job is to report back information on Hollywood subversives.

1942 – US troops occupy airport of Port-Lyautey Morocco

1942 – US-British troops occupies Oran Algeria

1944 – German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany

1944 – US 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery

 

 

 

1944 – Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11exploded at Seeadler HarbourManusAdmiralty Islands

 

USS Mount Hood (AE-11) off the Norfolk Navy Ya...

 

 

 

File:USS Mount Hood (AE-11);NH 95405.jpg

 

 

 

 

1945 – College football’s #1 Army beats #2 Notre Dame 48-0

1945 – Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes’ Day (Hari Pahlawan).

1950 – Nobel for literature awarded to William Faulkner

1950 – Spanish dictator Franco ends war in Gibraltar

1951 – 1st long distance telephone call without operator assistance

 

 

 

1954 – Iwo Jima Memorial (servicemen raising US flagdedicated in Arlington

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Lt Col John Strapp travels 632 MPH in a rocket sled

1960 – Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill

1963 – Gordie Howe takes over NHL career goal lead at 545

1965 – Willie Mays wins NL MVP

1966 – Jack Lynch becomes Irish premier

1966 – Lunar Orbiter 2 reaches 196-1871 km around Moon

1968 – Launch of Zond 6, 2nd unmanned circumlunar & return flight

1969 – “Sesame Street” premieres on PBS TV

1970 – Luna 17, with unmanned self-propelled Lunokhod 1, is launched

1971 – Joe Torre wins NL MVP, Vida Blue wins AL MVP

1971 – US table tennis team arrived in China

 

 

 

1975 – Ore ship Edmund Fitzgerald & crew of 29 lost in storm on Lake Superior

 

“The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald”

 

 

 

 

1975 – PLO leader Yasser Arafat addresses UN in NYC

1975 – UN General Assembly approves resolution equating Zionism with racism

1976 – Utah Supreme Court OKs execution of convicted murderer Gary Gilmore

1978 – Larry Holmes KOs Alfredo Evangelist in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

1980 – Dan Rather refuses to pay his cabbie, CBS pays $12.55 fare

1980 – Poland acknowledges Solidarity union

1982 – IMF lends Mexico $3.8 billion due to threatened bankrupcy

1982 – Vietnam Veterans Memorial opened

1983 – Federal government shut down

1984 – Horse Racing Breeders’ Cup Champs: Chief’s Crown, Eillo, Lashkari, Outstandingly, Princess Rooney, Royal Heroine, Wild Again at Hollywood

1988 – NY’s MTA announces it may replace tokens with credit card type passes

1988 – Orel Hershiser (23-8) is a unanimous choice as NL Cy Young Award

1989 – Germans begins demolishing Berlin Wall

1989 – Word Perfect 5.1 is shipped

1990 – Lebanon releases 2 french hostages (Camille Sontag & Marcel Coudari)

1991 – Bernie Kosar ends NFL record of 308 passes without an interception

1995 – In Nigeria, playwright and environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa along with eight others from the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (Mosop) are hanged by government forces.

1997 – Artist Peter Max pleads guilty to tax fraud & time served

1997 – Nanny Louise Woodward, murder sentenced downgrade to manslaughter

2006 – Sri Lankan Tamil Parliamentarian Nadarajah Raviraj assassinated in Colombo.

 

 

 

Births

745 – Musa al-Kazim, Shia Imam (d. 799)

1341 – Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, English statesman (d. 1408)

1433 – Charles of Charolais, the Bold, Duke of Burgundy/polyglot

 

 

 

1483 – Martin LutherEisleben Germanyfounded Protestantism, (d.1546)

 

 

 

 

 

1565 – Robert Devereux 2nd Earl of Essex/cousin/lover of Elizabeth I

1565 – Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer (d. 1646)

1695 – John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (d. 1771)

1697 – William Hogarth, England, satiric painter/engraver (Rake’s Progress)

1735 – Granville Sharp, English abolishionist (d. 1813)

1793 – Jared Kirtland, US, physician/naturalist/reformed penitentiaries

1810 – George Jennings English sanitary engineer (d. 1882)

1819 – Cyrus West Field, financier/success of 1st transatlantic cable

 

 

 

1827 – Alfred Howe TerryMajor General (Union volunteers), died in 1890

 

 

 

 

1830 – Albert Gallatin Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1834 – Wager Swayne, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902

1855 – Josiah Royce, US, philosopher (conception of God)

1861 – Robert T A Innes, Edinburgh Scotland, astronomer (Proxima Centauri)

1868 – Gichin Funakoshi, Japanese martial artist (d. 1957)

 

 

 

1888 – Andrej N TupolevRussian aircraft builder

 

 

 

 

 

1889 – Claude Rains, London, actor (Invisible Man, Casablanca)

1891 – Carl Stalling, American film composer (d. 1972)

1893 – John P. Marquand, American writer (d. 1960)

 

 

 

1895 – John Knudsen Northropaircraft designer (Northrop Air)

 

 

 

 

 

1908 – Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)

1909 – Paweł Jasienica, Polish historian (d. 1970)

1916 – Billy May, Pitts Pa, orchestra leader (Milton Berle Show)

1919 – Moise Tshombe, pres of Katanga, then premier of the Congo (Zaire)

1919 – Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov, Russian inventor

1920 – Rafael del Pino, Spanish entrepreneur

1924 – Russell Johnson, actor, (professor-Gilligan’s Island)

 

 

 

1925 – Richard BurtonSouth Walesactor (CleopatraVirginia Woolf)

 

Hamlet

THE WORLD OF RICHARD BURTON

The Sandpiper

The Wild Geese

 

 

 

 

1928 – Ennio Morricone, Rome Italy, composer/musician

1932 – Roy Scheider, actor (Jaws, French Connection, Marathon Man, Paper Lion) (d. 2008)

1933 – Ronald Evans, American astronaut (d. 1990)

1934 – Lucien Bianchi, Belgian auto racer

1934 – Norm Cash, Eldorado Texas, 1st baseman (Detroit Tigers)

1935 – Ronald Ellwin Evans, St Francis Ks, Captain USN/astronaut (Apollo 17)

1935 – Igor Dmitrievich Novikov, Russian astrophysicist

1935 – Bernard Babior, American biochemist

1941 – John Geoghegan, Silver Star recipient (d. 1965)

1942 – Robert F. Engle, American economist, Nobel laureate

1944 – Dave Loggins, singer (Please come to Boston)

1946 – David Stockman, Reagan’s ex-budget director

1948 – Greg Lake, rock vocalist/bassist (King Crimson, ELP)

1949 – Ann Reinking, Seattle, dancer/actress (All the Jazz, Micki & Maude)

1955 – Roland Emmerich, German film producer and director

1956 – Sinbad, comedian/actor (Different World, At the Apollo)

1957 – Jodi Anderson, Chicago Ill, US long jump champ (1978-81)

1959 – MacKenzie Phillips, Alexandria Va, actress (Julie-1 Day at a Time)

1960 – Neil Gaiman, English writer

1965 – Eddie Irvine, Northern Irish race car driver

1966 – Kyle Kopp, San Bernardino Ca, water polo 2m offense (Olympics-96)

1969 – Ellen Pompeo, American actress

1970 – Trent Dimas, NM, gymnast (Olympics-gold-92, 96)

1977 – Brittany Murphy, American actress

1977 – Josh Barnett, American Mixed Martial Artist

1978 – Eve, American rapper

 

 

 

1981 – Jason L. DunhamAmerican Marine ,  Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 2004)

 

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

Deaths

461 – St. Leo I, the Great, Italian Pope (440-61), dies in office

627 – Justus, Archbishop of Canterbury

901 – Adelaide of Paris, Queen of Western Francia

1241 – Celestine IV, [Goffredo Castiglioni], Pope (1241, 16 days), dies

1285 – Pedro III, king of Aragon, dies

1299 – Jan I, count of Holland/Zeeland (1295-99), dies at 15

1444 – Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, king of Poland/Hungary, dies in battle at 20

1556 – Richard Chancellor, English explorer, dies in shipwreck off Scotland

1596 – Peter Wentworth, English Puritan politician (b. 1530)

1727 – Alphonse de Tonty, French explorer and American settler (b. 1659)

1777 – Cornstalk, Shawnee chief

1779 – Joseph Hewes, US merchant/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 49

 

 

 

1808 – Guy Carleton, 1st Baron DorchesterBritish soldier and Governor of Quebec (b. 1724)

 

 

 

 

 

1865 – Henry Wards, Confederate prison supt, executed for excessive cruelty

1891 –  Arthur Rimbaud, poet/arms merchant (Saison en Enfer), dies at 37

1912 – Louis Cyr, Canadian strongman (b. 1863)

 

 

 

1938 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürkfounder and the first President of Turkey (b. 1881)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – Arthur Neville Chamberlain, British premier (1937-40), dies at 71

1970 – Charles DeGaulle, general/president France (Free French), dies at 79

1971 – Walter Van Tilburg Clark, US author (Ox-Bow Incident), dies at 62

1973 – Stringbean, country singer/comedian/banjoist (Hee Haw), dies at 58

1975 – Ernest M. McSorley, American ship captain (b. 1912)

1982 – Leonid Ilich Brezhnev, Soviet 1st sect, dies of a heart attack at 77

1985 – Pelle Lindbergh, goalie (Phila Flyers), dies in drunk driving accident

1990 – Ronnie Dyson, US singer (Salvation-I Don’t Wanna Cry), dies at 40

1990 – Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (b. 1914)

 

 

 

1992 – Chuck ConnorsUS NBA/baseballer/actor (Boston Celtics), dies at 71

 

The Rifleman: The Complete Rifleman Massacre

The Mad Bomber

BRANDED

 

 

 

 

1994 – Carmen McRae [Clark], US jazz singer/pianist, dies at about 73

2000 – Jacques Chaban-Delmas, Prime Minister of France (b. 1915)

2001 – Ken Kesey, American author (b. 1935)

 

 

 

2006 – Jack PalanceAmerican actor (b. 1919)

 

Oscar Award – City Slickers , One-Armed Pushups

JACK PALANCE TRIBUTE

 

 

 

 

2007 – Norman Mailer, American novelist, dies at 84

2008 – Miriam Makeba, South African singer and anti-apartheid activist (b. 1932)

2009 – John Allen Muhammad, American spree killer (b. 1960)

2010 – Dino De Laurentiis, Italian film producer (b. 1919)

2010 – Dave Niehaus, American sportscaster (b. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About these ads

On Berlin Wall Anniversary, Somber Notes Amid Revelry

 

 

 

 

 

 

” It was the morning after the best party ever, the tumult and joy that marked the fall of the Berlin Wall on Nov. 9, 1989. After 28 years, East Berliners were giddy with marvel that they could now visit the West.

  Günter Taubmann felt different, as if, he said, “I am in the wrong movie.” Eight years earlier, his only child, Thomas, had been killed trying to cross the wall, one of 138 people who died at the barrier erected by the Communists in 1961 to stop Germans streaming out of the poor, repressive East.”

Here is a video that details the history of the wall from construction to destruction:

” Now, someone at work had been to the West and back during that magical night, and was telling the tale. Mr. Taubmann’s Communist colleagues professed to be exultant over the end of the order they had long espoused. Workmates who had not mourned Thomas at the time of his death were suddenly solicitous.

“ I didn’t know what they wanted from me, and then they started, ‘What bad luck! Your son could have waited,’ ” Mr. Taubmann recounted, his voice edgy with sarcasm. “I am normally a calm person, but there I got in such a fury. I simply threw them all out. ‘Just get out of my room.’ ” “

NY Times has much more on this historic anniversary

Today In The Past

 

Events

694 – Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Moslems/sentenced to slavery

1282 – Pope Martinus IV excommunicates king Pedro III of Aragonorth

1313 – Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gamelsdorf.

 

 

 

1330 – Battle of PosadaWallachian Voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush

 

 

Romantic painting Charles' army wear hussar cl...

Romantic painting Charles’ army wear hussar clothes of the 17th century (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

1494 – Family de’ Medici become rulers of Florence

1580 – Spanish troops lands in Ireland

1764 – Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.

1794 – Russian troops occupy Warsaw

1799 – Napoleon becomes dictator (1st consul) of France

1821 – 1st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia

1848 – Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.

1853 – Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun

1857 – Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published

1864 – Sherman issues preliminary plans for his “March to the Sea”

 

 

 

1872 – The Great Boston Fire of 1872Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed

 

 

 

 

 

1877 – American Chemical Society chartered in NY

1888 – Jack Ripper’s 5th & last probably last victim, Mary Jane Kelly, found on her bed

1899 – Boerenaanval up Ladysmith, Natal, attack

1904 – 1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes

 

 

 

1913 – Storm “Freshwater Fury” sinks 8 ore-carriers on Great Lakes

 

 

 

 

1915 – Italian liner Ancona sinks by German torpedos, killing 272

1918 – Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in WW I

1923 – Beer Hall Putsch-Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die/Hitler flees

1924 – Miriam (Ma) Ferguson becomes 1st elected woman governor (of Texas)

1925 – German NSDAP form SS

1927 – Giant Panda discovered, China

1930 – 1st nonstop airplane flight from NY to Panama

1932 – Hurricane storm wave sweeps over Santa Cruz del Sur Cuba kills 2,500

1932 – Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60.

1935 – Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) labor union forms

1938 – Al Capp, cartoonist of Lil’ Abner creates Sadie Hawkins Day

 

 

 

1938 – KristallnachtNazi Germany’s first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violencebegins.

 

 

 

 

 

1939 – “Ninotchka,” with Greta Garbo premieres

1939 – Nobel for physics awarded to Ernest O Lawrence (cyclotron)

1939 – Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 English agents

1944 – Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize

1946 – Pres Harry Truman ends wage/price freeze

1961 – USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 30,970m

1963 – 450 die in a coal-dust explosion & 160 die in train crash (Japan)

1965 – 1st NY Knick game postponed (black-out) vs St Louis

 

 

 

1965 – 5:16 PMmassive power failure in New Engl, & Ontario (NY blackout)

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – 1st unmanned Saturn V flight to test Apollo 4 reentry module

1967 – Surveyor 6 soft lands on Moon

1970 – Trial of Seattle 8 anti-war protesters begins

1971 – John List kills family & moves to Colorado

1973 – Fire at Taiyo dept store, kills 101 & injures 84 (Kumamoto Japan)

1980 – Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declares holy war against Iran

1982 – Sugar Ray Leonard retires for 1st time

1983 – Amsterdam brewer Freddie Heineken kidnapped

1984 – Larry Holmes TKOs Bonecrusher Smith in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

 

 

 

1984 – Vietnam Veterans Memorial (“3 Servicemen”completed

 

 

 

 

 

1985 – Gary Kasparov becomes world chess champion

1985 – Surprise attack on Belgium supermarket in Aalst, 8 killed

1989 – East Berlin opens its borders

1993 – Serbian army fires on school in Sarajevo, 9 children died

 

 

 

1993 – Stari mostthe “old bridge” in Bosnian Mostar built in 1566collapses after several days of bombing.

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – The chemical element Darmstadtium is discovered.

1998 – Brokerage houses are ordered to pay 1.03 billion USD to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for their price-fixing. This is the largest civil settlement in United States history.

1998 – Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences.

2003 – A suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.

2004 – Video game Halo 2 a first person shooter first released on Xbox by Bungie Studios

2005 – Suicide bombers attacked three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing at least 60 people.

2005 – The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency is launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

2009 – Joe Cada becomes the youngest champion of the World Series of Poker’s main event.

 

 

Births

1389 – Isabella of Valois, queen consort of England (d. 1409)

1414 – Albrecht III Achilles, elector of Brandenburg (d. 1486)

1467 – Charles of Egmond, duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen [or Nov 10]

1522 – Martin Chemnitz, German theologian (d. 1586)

1541 – Menso Alting, Dutch reformed vicar/theologist

1656 – Paul Aler, French jesuit/poet (Gradus ad Parnassum)

1731 – Benjamin Banneker, Ellicott Md, black mathematician/surveyor (Wash DC)

1799 – Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden (d. 1877)

1802 – Elijah P Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher/abolitionist

1809 – Albert Taylor Bledsoe, Asst Secy War (Confederacy), died in 1877

1810 – Thomas Bragg, Atty Gen (Confederacy), died in 1872

1810 – Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1887)

1812 – Paul Abadie, French master builder (renovated Notre Dame)

1817 – Edward Richard Sprigg Canby, Major General (Union volunteers)

1818 – Ivan Turgenev, Russia, novelist/poet/playwright (Fathers & Sons) [NS]

1823 – William Henry Forney, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894

 

 

 

1825 – Ambrose Powell HillLt Gen (Confederate 3rd Army Corp), died in 1865

 

 

 

 

 

1835 – Emile Gaboriau, author (father of French detective novels)

1841 – [Albert] Edward VII, king of England (1901-10)

1850 – Lewis Lewin, Germany, toxicologist/father of psychopharmacologist

 

 

 

1853 – Stanford WhiteAmerican architect (d. 1906)

 

 

 

 

 

1869 – Marie Dressler, [Leila M Koerber], Ontario, actress (Caught Short)

1871 – Florence Sabin, scientist/1st woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins

1873 – Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist (d. 1941)

1885 – Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (d. 1955)

1885 – Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (d. 1954)

1886 – Ed Wynn, [Isaiah Edwin Leopold], Phila Pa, comedian (Ed Wynn Show)

1895 – Mae Marsh, Madrid NM, silent film actress (Birth of a Nation)

1897 – Ronald G W Norrish, British chemist (Nobel 1967)

1901 – John Norrie McArthur, malariologist/microscopist

1903 – Gregory Pincus, inventor (birth control pill) [or Apr 9]

1906 – Arthur Rudolph, rocket engineer

 

 

 

1913 – Hedy LamarrVienna Austriaactress , Inventor , (EcstacySamson & Delilah)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1915 – Sargent Shriver, MD, Dem VP candidate (1972)/directed Peace Corp

1918 – Spiro Theodore Agnew, (R) 39th VP (1968-75), crook

1918 – Choi Hong Hi, Founder of Taekwon-Do (d. 2002)

1918 – Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima (d. 2000)

1920 – Byron de la Beckwith, American assassin, white supremacist (d. 2001)

1921 – Viktor Chukarin, USSR, gymnist (Olympic-gold-1952, 56)

1923 – Alice [Davis] Coachman, Albany Ga, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1948)

 

 

 

1923 – Dorothy DandridgeCleveland OHactress/singer/dancer (Porgy & Bess)

 

I Got Rhythm

Mini Biography

Tamango

Face of an Angel-A Tribute

 

 

 

 

1924 – Robert Frank, Swiss Photographer

1925 – Sir Alistair Horne, British historian

1926 – Dominguín, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1996)

1928 – Anne Sexton, Newton Mass, poet (Live or Die; Pulitzer 1967)

1929 – Marc Favreau, French Canadian humourist (d. 2005)

1929 – Imre Kertész, Budapest, concentration camp survivor, writer, Nobel laureate (2002)

1931 – Whitey Herzog, baseball manager (St Louis Cardinals)

1932 – Carl Perkins, singer (Blue Suede Shoes)

 

 

 

1934 – Carl SaganBklnastronomer/author/professor (CosmosBroca’s Brain)

 

Cosmos: A Personal Voyage

 

 

 

1934 – Ingvar Carlsson, PM of Sweden (1986-91, 94- )

1935 – Bob Gibson, Cardinal pitcher (Cy Young/NL MVP 1968)

1936 – Mary Travers, Louisville Ky, folk singer (Peter Paul & Mary)

1941 – Tom Fogerty, Berkeley Cal, rocker (Creedence Clearwater Revival), (d. 1990)

1942 – Stuart Lipton, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire

1948 – Alan Gratzer, Syracuse NY, rock drummer (Reo Speedwagon)

1948 – Sharon Stouder, US, 100m butterfly swimmer (Olympic-gold-1964)

1951 – Bill Mantlo, American comic book writer

1954 – Dennis Stratton, London England, rock guitarist (Iron Maiden)

1959 – Sito Pons, Spanish motorbike racer

1964 – Leah Pells, Vancouver BC, 1.5k runner (Olympics-96)

1965 – Todd Gill, Cardinal, NHL defenseman (Toronto Maple Leafs)

1966 – Stefen Edberg, Sweden, tennis star

1967 – Scott Bianco, Kamloops BC, 90 kg freestyle wrestler (Olympics-96)

1968 – Nazzareno Carusi, Italian pianist

1970 – Chantal Brunner, Wellington NZ, long jumper (Olympics-96)

 

 

 

1970 – Susan TedeschiAmerican Blues Musician , Guitarist

 

Little by Little

Key to the Highway

Don’t Think Twice

Gonna Move

 

 

 

 

1973 – Nick Lachey, American singerd rapper

1978 – Steven Lopez, American taekwondo martial artist

1978 – Sisqó, American singer (Dru Hill)

1980 – Vanessa Minillo, Filipino television personality

1980 – Dominique Maltais, Quebec snowboarder

1996 – Cheyenne Pyle, California, youngest heart transplant patient (90 mins old)

 

 

Deaths

959 – Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, Byzantine Emperor (913-59), dies

1068 – Agnes of Poitou, duchess of Aquitania/mother of German Empress, dies

1187 – Emperor Gaozong of China (b. 1107)

1208 – Sancha of Castile, wife of Alfonso II of Aragon (b. 1155)

1504 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)

1623 – William Camden, English historian: Brittania/Annales,

1677 – Aert van der Neer, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 73

1809 – Paul Sandby, English cartographer (b. 1725)

1862 – John Bordenave Villepigue, US Confederate brig-gen, dies at 32

 

 

 

1881 – Edwin DrakeFather of the oil industrydrilled the first oil well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1911 – Howard PyleAmerican , Illustrator , author (b. 1853)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – Henry Cabot Lodge, American Senator (b. 1850)

1927 – Ole Olsen, composer, dies at 77

1938 – Vasily Blyukher, Soviet military commander (b.1889)

1939 – Dirk Klop, Dutch intelligence lt, shot by German Abwehr

1944 – Frank Marshall, American chess player (b. 1877)

1952 – Chaim Weizmann, bio-chemist/1st president Israel, dies at 77

1953 – Abdul-Aziz ibn Sa’ud, founder of Saudi Arabia, dies at about 73

 

 

 

1953 – Dylan Thomasauthor-poet (Adv in skin trade), dies in NY at 39

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – Frederick Preston Search, composer, dies at 70

1970 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (1958-69), dies at 79

1988 – John Mitchell, former Atny Gen, dies of heart attack in Washington

1991 – Yves Montand, actor (Idol, Grand Prix), dies of a heart attack at 7

1992 – Charles Fraser-Smith, English inventor (man who never was), dies

1992 – William Hillcourt, author (Boy Scout Handbook), dies at 92

1993 – Stanley Myers, English movie composer (Deer Hunter), dies at 63

1994 – Milton M Shorty Rajonsky Rogers, trumpeter, dies at 70

2001 – Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (b. 1924)

 

 

 

2003 – Art Carney, American actor (b. 1918)(see UE Births 11/04)

 

 

 

 

 

2006 – Ed Bradley, American journalist (b. 1941)

2006 – Markus Wolf, East German Intelligence Director (b. 1923)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The First Photograph Of A Human Being

 

 

 

 

 

 

” This picture, the earliest known photograph to include a recognizable human form, was taken in Paris, France, in 1838 by Louis Daguerre. The human in question is standing in the bottom-left of the photograph, on the pavement by the curve in the road.  He is having his boots shined.  

  The exposure time for the image was around seven minutes, and although the street would have been busy with traffic and pedestrians, it appears deserted. Everything moving was too fast to register on the plate.

  The exception is the man at the lower-left who sat still long enough to appear in the photograph. The person cleaning his boots is also visible, although not as distinctly.

  It has been speculated that instead of a shoeshine boy, the man stood at a a pump. However, comparison with another image taken by Daguerre of the same spot at noon reveals boxes used to hold brushes and polishes.

  Like every Daguerreotype — the first publicly announced photographic process, and named after Daguerre — the photograph was a mirror image.  Here is the image reversed back to show the view as Daguerre saw it: “

 

Mashable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

392 – Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion, state religion

911 – Duke Koenraad I chosen German king

1322 – Pope John XXII names John van Diest, bishop of Utrecht

1494 – Uprising against Piero de’ Medici in Florence Italy

1519 – 1st meeting of Montezuma & Hernán Cortés in Mexico

1520 – Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.

1576 – Eighty Years’ War: Pacification of Ghent – 17 Dutch provinces sign anti-Spanish covenant

1598 – Spanish troops under Bernardino de Mendoza conquer Doetinchem

1602 – The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened

1620 – Battle of White Mountain, Prague

1658 – Battle of Sont: Swedish fleet beats Dutch

1701 – William Penn presents Charter of Priviliges

1731 – In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st US library

1789 – Bourbon Whiskey, 1st distilled from corn (by Elijah Craig, Bourbon Ky)

1793 – Louvre in Paris opens

1837 – Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st US college founded for women

1842 – Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)

1861 – Battle of Mount Ivy, KY

1864 – Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as American President

1870 – Democratic governor elected in Tennessee

1880 – Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made US debut at NY’s Booth Theater

1889 – Montana admitted as 41st state of the Union

1892 – Grover Cleveland (D) elected president

1895 – German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays

1904 – American President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B Parker (D)

1917 – Telephone Co runs 1st ad for Army operators, gets 7,000 applicants

1923 – Hitler stages unsuccessful “Beer Hall Putsch” in Muenchen (Munich)

1926 – George Gershwin’s musical “Oh, Kay” premieres in NYC

1928 – George & Ira Gershwin’s musical “Treasure Girl” premieres in NYC

1929 – NYC Museum of Modern Art opens in Hecksher Building

1932 – Franklin Roosevelt (D) elected 32nd President for 1st time

1939 – Failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich

1939 – H Lindsay & R Crouse’ “Life with Father” premieres in NYC

1940 – RAF bombs Munich

1942 – 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)

1942 – Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall

1942 – Operation Torch; began as US and British forces under Eisenhower land in French North Africa

1944 – 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor

1945 – Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550

1950 – 1st jet-plane battle ever, in Korean War

1951 – NY Yankee Catcher Yogi Berra wins 1st of his 3 MVP awards

1956 – UN demands USSR leave Hungary

1960 – JFK (Sen-D-Mass) beats VP Richard Nixon (R) to become 35th US president

1964 – IMF grants Great Britain credit of $1 billion

1964 – Orioles Frank Robinson unanimous choice as AL MVP

1965 – “Days of Our Lives” premieres on TV

1966 – Edward W Brooke (Rep-R-Mass) becomes 1st black elected to Senate

1966 – Movie actor Ronald Reagan elected Governor of California

1967 – Silver hits record $1.951 an ounce in London

1974 – Ted Bundy victim Debi Kent disappears in Salt Lake City, Utah

1977 – Manolis Andronikos, a Greek Archaeologist and professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina.

1979 – ABC broadcasts “Iran Crisis: American Held Hostage” with Frank Reynolds (forerunner to “Nightline”)

1983 – W Wilson Goode (D) elected 1st black mayor of Philadelphia

1984 – Anna Fisher becomes 1st “mom” to go into orbit

1987 – IRA bomb attack in Enniskillen, North Ireland, 11 killed

1988 – George W H Bush (R) beats Mike Dukakis (D) for presidency

1989 – David Dinkins elected 1st black mayor of NYC

1989 – Douglas Wilder elected 1st US black governor (Virginia)

1990 – 100,000 additional US troops are sent to Persian gulf

1990 – Saddam fires his army chief & threatens to destroy Arabian peninsula

1991 – Carol Burnett Show premieres on CBS-TV

2002 – Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face “serious consequences”.

2004 – War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.

 

 

 

Births

 35 – Nerva, Roman Emperor (d. 98)

1342 – Julian of Norwich, English saint (d. 1416)

1431 – Vlad III the Impaler, Wallachian prince (d. 1476)

1491 – Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (d. 1544)

1572 – Johan Sigismund, elector of Brandenburg/duke of Prussia

1622 – Galenus Abrahamsz de Haen, Dutch baptist pastor (Lambs’ War)

1622 – Karl X Gustaf, King of Sweden (1654-60)

1647 – Pierre Bayle, French/Neth theologist/philosopher/writer

1656 – Edmund Halley, English astronomer (comet of Halley) [OS=Oct 29]

1723 – John Byron, British naval officer (d. 1786)

1760 – Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael, South Neth earl/general

1817 – Claudius Wistar Sears, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891

1829 – Samuel Wylie Crawford, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892

1830 – Oliver Otis Howard, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1909

1831 – Edward R L Bulwer-Lytton, English statesman and Viceroy of India (1876-1880)

1836 – Milton Bradley, American game manufacturer (d. 1911)

1847 – Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager/author (Dracula)

1866 – Herbert Austin, English automobile pioneer (d. 1941)

1878 – Marshall Walter “Major” Taylor, world champion cyclist (1899)

1884 – Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1922)

1885 – Hans Cloos, German geologist (d. 1951)

1885 – Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (d. 1946)

1896 – Bucky Harris, baseball manager (Phillies, Yankees)

1900 – Margaret Mitchell, Atlanta, Georgia, author (Gone With the Wind), (d. 1949)

1908 – Martha Gellhorn, American writer (d. 1998)

1916 – Frank McGuire, basketball coach (won 550 games in 30 college seasons)

1916 – June Havoc, Seattle Wash, actress (Willy, Panic, GE Theater)

1916 – Peter Weiss, Germany, Swedish author/dramatist/novelist (Marat/Sade)

1921 – Gene Saks, NY, actor/director (One & Only, Prisoner of 2nd Ave)

1921 – Jerome Hines, [Heinz], Hollywood California, basso (I am The Way)

1922 – Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon (perform 1st heart transplant)

1922 – Esther Rolle, Pompano Beach Fla, actress (Florida-Good Times, Maude)

1923 – Jack Kilby, Jefferson City, Missouri, electrical engineer and Nobel laureate (handheld calculator, integrated circuit), (d. 2005)

1924 – Joe Flynn, Youngstown Ohio, actor (McHale’s Navy)

1927 – Patti Page, [Clara Ann Fowler], Claremont Ok, singer (Tennessee Waltz), (d. 2012)

1931 – Morley Safer, Toronto California, TV newscaster (60 Minutes)

1932 – Stephane Audran, Versailles France, actress (Just Before Nightfall)

1932 – Ben[jamin William] Bova, US, sci-fi author (Exiled from Earth)

1935 – Alain Delon, France, actor (Honor Among Thieves, Return of Zorro)

1944 – Bonnie Bramlett, rock vocalist (Delaney & Bonnie)

1944 – Rodney Desborough Slater, rocker (Bonzo Dog Band)

1947 – Minnie Ripperton, Chicago, singer (Loving You)

1949 – Bonnie Raitt, Burbank CA, country singer (Green Light, The Glow)

1949 – Wayne LaPierre, Executive Vice Presidenf of the National Rifle Association.

1951 – Mary Hart, Sioux Falls SD, TV hostess (Entertainment Tonight)

1952 – Alfre Woodard, Tulsa,Oklahoma, American actress (Primal Fear, Cross Creek)

1952 – Christie Ann Hefner, daughter of Hugh Hefner, CEO (Playboy)

1954 – Rickie Lee Jones, Chicago, singer (Chuck E’s in Love)

1954 – Michael D. Brown, U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency director

1958 – Terry Lee Miall, England, rock drummer (Adam & The Ants)

1961 – Leif Garrett, Hollywood Cal, singer/actor (Devil x 5, 3 for the Road)

1966 – Gordon Ramsay, British chef and reality television personality

1967 – Courtney Thorne-Smith, actress (Day by Day, Lucas, Summer School)

1967 – Mark Zollitsch, Orono Maine, kayak (alt-Olympics-96)

1968 – Parker Posey, Balt Md, actress (Tess Shelby-As the World Turns)

1968 – Zara Whites, Dutch actress

1969 – Roxana Zal, American actress

1970 – Tom Anderson, co-founder of MySpace

1972 – Gretchen Mol, American actress

1973 – Frantisek Kaberle, hockey defenseman (Team Czech Oly-gold-1998)

1974 – Masashi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author

1974 – Seishi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author

1975 – Tara Reid, American actress

1977 – Bucky Covington, American entertainer

1980 – Ana Vidovic, classical guitarist

1982 – Lynndie England, former U.S. Army reservist, associated with Abu Ghraib

1982 – Mika Kallio, Finnish Grand Prix motorcycle racer

1986 – Aaron H. Swartz, Chicago, Illinois, computer programmer and internet activist (Demand Progress), (d. 2013)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

397 – Martin of Tours, [St Martin], bishop of Tours, dies

618 – St Deusdedit/Adeodatus I, Italian Pope (615-18), dies

955 – Pope Agapetus II

1171 – Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut (b. 1108)

1195 – Conrad of Hohenstaufen

1226 – Louis VIII, the Lion, King of France (1223-26), dies at 39

1228 – Dirk I, ruler of Heinsberg/Valkenburg, dies

1246 – Berenguela of Castile, wife of Alfonso IX of Castile (b. 1180)

1308 – Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42

1590 – Joost Jansz Bilhamer, master builder/cartographer, dies at about 49

1600 – Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)

1605 – Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)

1658 – Pieter Floriszoon, Dutch admiral, dies in naval Battle of the Sound at about 50

1658 – Witte de With, Dutch vice-admiral, dies in naval Battle of the Sound, at age 59

1719 – Michel Rolle, French mathematician (b. 1652)

1887 – Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter (b. 1851)

1934 – Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (b. 1879)

1944 – Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies

1965 – Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1913)

1974 – Ivory Joe Hunter, rocker, dies at 60

1977 – Bucky Harris, American baseball player (b. 1896)

1978 – Norman Rockwell, artist (Saturday Evening Post covers), dies at 84

1986 – Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician (b. 1890)

1992 – Alexander Dubcek, pres of Czechoslovakia (1968-69), dies

1992 – Kees [Cornelis] Broekman, speed skater (Olympic-silver-1952), dies

1992 – Keith “Red” Mitchell, US/Swedish jazz bassist, dies

1994 – Michael O’Donoghue, American comedy writer (SNL), dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 54

1996 – Edward Albert Radice, economist, dies at 89

1996 – Peter Fowler, physicist, dies at 73

2003 – C. Z. Guest, American socialite (b. 1920)

2003 – Guy Speranza, American singer, original Riot frontman (b. 1956)

2006 – Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (b. 1945)

2006 – Hannspeter Winter, Austrian plasma physicist

2009 – Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian physicist (b. 1916)

2011 – Heavy D, American hip-hop artist. (b. 1967)

2011 – Bil Keane, American cartoonist (b. 1922)

2012 – Lucille Bliss, American voice artist, dies from natural causes at 96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Science: Your Eye Color Reveals A Lot About You

 

 

 

” There are many things that your eye color reveals about you. Did you know that no two people have the ‘exact’ same eye color? Or what about he fact that every person with blue eyes can be traced back to the same ancestor that lived in the black sea region about 10,000 years ago? It’s true. Everyone alive today with blue eyes has a very specific DNA sequence. Some of you may already know that when babies are first born, they have no melanin in their eyes, thus giving them a ‘hazy blue’ eye color. This changes quickly, though, into whatever color will be the baby’s permanent eye color.

  Brown eye color used to be considered dominant, but scientists have now revealed that eye color is actually a multi-gene trait, rather than a single gene one. It’s a little bit more complicated than to simply say that the brown eye color is the dominant one. It’s more of a gene combination. Did you know it’s genetically possible to have your iris divided into two colors, or even TWO different color irises?!

  Did you now that eye color can change over time? Eyes don’t constantly produce pigment, thus becoming lighter or even darker as time goes on. This little info-graphic by Mezzmer illustrates all of these fun facts in an easy to understand way. Your eyes truly say a lot about your ancestry.”

 

 

what does your eye colorr

 

Thanks to The Mind Unleashed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

680 – 3rd Council of Constantinople (6th ecumenical council) opens

921 – Treaty of Bonn: East France & West France recognize each other

1492 – The Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.

1512 – Medici’s discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence

1519 – University of Leuven convicts teaching of Luther

1631 – Pierre Gassendi observes transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler

1637 – Anne Hutchinson banished from Mass bay colony as a heretic

1659 – Peace of Pyreneeen: French king Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV

1786 – The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.

1805 – Lewis & Clark 1st sights Pacific Ocean

1811 – Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen. William Henry Harrison defeated the Native Americans of the Tecumesh Confederation

1820 – James Monroe elected 5th US president

1837 – In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.

1848 – General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US

1861 – Battle of Belmont, MO

1861 – Battle of Port Royal Bay, SC (Ft Walker, Ft Beauregard)

1863 – Battle of Rappahannock Station & Kelly’s Ford, VA

1864 – 2nd session of congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes

1865 – London Gazette, oldest surviving journal, is founded

1872 – cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from NY to Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned 4 weeks later

1874 – 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by T Nast

1876 – Edward Bouchet, is 1st black to recieve a PhD in US college (Yale)

1876 – Pres Rutherford B Hayes & Samuel J Tilden claim presidential victory Tilden (D) wins election but Electoral college selects Hayes (R)

1885 – Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie

1893 – US State Colorado accepts female suffrage

1900 – Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.

1907 – Dynamite explodes on locomotive kills engineer Jesus Garcia in Mexico

1907 – Delta Sigma Pi is founded at New York University.

1908 – Dutch capture Venezuelan navy

1910 – The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.

1914 – The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.

1914 – The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.

1915 – Austrian submarine torpedoes Italian passenger ship (272 kill)

1916 – Grand duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns czar of uprising

1916 – Woodrow Wilson (D) re-elected president

1917 – British capture Gaza Palestine from Turks

1917 – October Revolution (Oct 26 OS) in Russia, Lenin seizes power

1918 – Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

1918 – United Press erroneously reports WW I armistice had been signed

1918 – The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.

1919 – US police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers

1928 – Herbert Hoover (R) elected president

1929 – Museum of Modern Art opens (NYC)

1931 – Chinese People’s Republic proclaimed by Mao Tse Tung

1932 – 1st broadcast of “Buck Rogers in the 25th century” on CBS-radio

1933 – Pennsylvania voters overturn blue law, by permitting Sunday sports

1933 – Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.

1936 – Battle of Madrid begins

1940 – Tacoma Narrows (Galloping Gertie) Bridge collapses, Wash

1941 – British air attack on Berlin, Mannheim & Ruhrgebied

1942 – Bicyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world record (45,848 km)

1943 – Detroit Lions 0, NY Giants 0; last scoreless tie in NFL

1944 – FDR wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E Dewey (R)

1944 – Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die

1949 – King Faruk disbands Egyptian parliament

1950 – French women & children leaves Hanoi/Tonkin-delta

1954 – US spy plane shot down North of Japan

1954 – Cleveland Browns’ Chet Hanulak sets club record with 7 punt returns & win by their largest margin of victory (59) beating Wash 62-3

1955 – Supreme Court of Balt bans segregation in public recreational areas

1957 – Phillies pitcher Jack Sanford wins NL Rookie of Year

1957 – WEEQ (now WWTO) TV channel 35 in La Salle, IL (IND) 1st broadcast

1957 – Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.

1959 – 13th Ryder Cup: US wins 8½-3½ at Eldorado Golf Club (Indian Wells, California)

1962 – Richard Nixon quits politics-You won’t have Nixon to kick around

1963 – Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.

1967 – Richard G Hatcher elected mayor of Gary Indiana

1970 – Race riots in Daytona Beach Florida

1972 – Pres Nixon (R) re-elected defeating George McGovern (D)

1973 – NJ becomes 1st state to allow girls into little league

1978 – Boston Red Sox Jim Rice wins AL MVP

1981 – France performs nuclear test

1983 – Ali Haji-Sheikh kicks his 2nd NY Giant record 56 yard field goal

1983 – Bomb explodes in US Capitol, causing heavy damage but no injuries

1984 – STS 51-A launch scrubbed because of high shear winds

1985 – Colombian troops end 27-hr siege of Bogota’s Palace of Justice

1988 – Sugar Ray Leonard KO’s Donnie LaLonde

1989 – Douglas Wilder elected 1st US black governor (D-Va)

1989 – NYC elects it’s 1st black mayor (Dinkins) & female comp (Holtzman)

1990 – Mary Robinson elected as 1st female president of Ireland

1991 – Magic Johnson announces he has HIV virus & retires from LA Lakers

1996 – NFL/Heisman Trophy Winner Mike Rozier, is shot several times

2000 – Controversial US presidential election that was later resolved in the Bush v. Gore Supreme Court Case.

2000 – The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country’s largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas.

2001 – The supersonic commercial aircraft Concorde resumes flying after a 15-month hiatus.

2002 – Iran bans advertising of United States products.

2004 – War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-daystate of emergencyas U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.

2007 – Jokela school shooting in Tuusula, Finland, resulting in the death of nine people.

Births

630 – Constans II, Byzantine emperor (d. 668)

994 – Muhammad ibn Hazm, historian/jurist/author of Islamic Spain

1598 – Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter (d. 1664)

1656 – Walraad the Younger, earl of Nassau-Ottweiler/gov of Nimegen

1687 – William Stukeley, English archaeologist (d. 1765)

1692 – Johannes G Schnabel, German author/surgeon (Insel Felsenburg)

1797 – Silas Horton Stringham, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1876

1805 – Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor (d. 1870)

1810 – Fritz Reuter, German novelist

1828 – Ludwig Deppe, composer

1832 – Andrew Dickson White, educator/1st president of Cornell

1851 – Chris von der Ahe, German born entrepreneur (d. 1913)

1855 – Edwin H Hall, US physicist (Hall effect)

1856 – Semyon Zonovyevich Alapin, Vilna, tied for chess 1st place (1878)

1858 – Bipin Chandra Pal, Indian freedom fighter, (d. 1932)

1867 – Marie Curie, Warsaw, discovered radium (Nobel 1903, 1911), (d. 1934)

1879 – Leon Trotsky[Leib Bronstein], Bronshtein, Russian Empire, Russian revolutionary and Theorist [OS 26-10-1879], (d. 1940)

1886 – Mark Aldanov, [Landau], Russian/French chemist/writer [OS=Oct 26]

1888 – Chandrasekhara Raman, India, physicist (Nobel 1930)

1898 – Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (d. 1963)

1903 – Dean Jagger, Lima Ohio, actor (Albert Vane-Mr Novak, Elmer Gantry)

1903 – Konrad Lorenz, zoologist/ethologist (Man & His Ideas, Nobel 1973)

1903 – Grace Stafford, American actress (d. 1992)

1906 – Eugene Carson Blake, US sec-gen of World council of Churches (1966-72)

1913 – Albert Camus, Algeria, author (The Just-Nobel 1957), (d. 1960)

1915 – Philip Morrison, American scientist (d. 2005)

1916 – Joe Bushkin, NYC, jazz pianist (A Couple of Joes)

1918 – Billy Graham, Charlotte NC, Baptist evangelist (Crusades)

1922 – Al Hirt, New Orleans LA, jazz trumpeter (Greatest Horn in the World)

Videos

1926 – Joan Sutherland, Sydney Australia, operatic soprano (Met Opera)

1928 – Norton Zinder, New York City, NY, biologist (genetic transduction), (d. 2012)

1936 – Barry Newman, Boston Mass, actor (Amy, Deadline, Petrocelli)

1938 – Dee Clark, Arkansas, singer (Hambone, Nobody But You)

1942 – Johnny Rivers, [Ramistella], NYC, singer (Secret Agent Man)

1943 – Boris Gromov, Russian general

1943 – Michael Spence, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate

1944 – Joe Niekro, baseball knuckler (NY Yankees)

1948 – Alex Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver

1949 – Judy Tenuda, comedienne (Spotlight Cafe)

1950 – Alexa Canady, 1st black woman neuro-surgeon/educator

1951 – Nick Gilder, London England, singer (Hot Child in the City)

1952 – David Petraeus, Commanding General of Multinational Force Iraq

1953 – Lucinda Green, English equestrian

1955 – Detlef Ultsch, German judoka

1957 – Christopher Knight, NYC, actor (Peter-Brady Bunch)

1957 – Jonathan Palmer, formula-1 racer

1957 – Kathy McMillan, long jumper (Olympic-silver-1976)

1960 – Tommy Thayer, American guitarist (Kiss)

1961 – Mintcho Pachov, Bulgaria, 67.5kg weightlifer (Olympic-bronze-1980)

1962 – Arend Bouwmeester, Dutch saxophonist (Bob Color)

1964 – Dana Plato, Maywood California, actress (Kimberly-Diff’rent Strokes)

1964 – Liam O’Maonlai, Irish vocalist/pianist (Hothouse Flowers-I’m Sorry)

1966 – Lisa Canning, Virgin Islands, hostess (Entertainment Tonight)

1968 – Greg Tribbett, American musician (Mudvayne)

1968 – Mark Preston, Australian engineer

1969 – Michelle Morse, Ft Rucker Ala, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-13th-1995)

1970 – Andy Houston, American NASCAR driver

1970 – Morgan Spurlock, American director and producer

1972 – Emily Porter Lesueur, Glendale California, synchro swimmer (Oly-gold-96)

1976 – Zahir Raheem, Phila, bantamweight boxer (Olympics-96)

1981 – Muhammad Hassan, professional wrestler

1981 – Anthony Moffat, Scottish musician, writer and film-maker

Deaths

644 – Umar ibn al-Khattāb, Second caliph of Islam dies of injuries after assassination attempt 4 days earlier

739 – Willibrord, [Clemens], 1st bishop of Utrecht/saint 695-739, dies at 81

1225 – Engelbert I, the Saint, archbishop of Cologne, murdered at 40

1550 – Jon Arason, the last Roman Catholic bishop of Iceland prior to the reformation, beheaded in Skalholt with his two sons Are and Bjorn. (b. 1484)

1573 – Solomon Luria (Maharshal), talmudic author (Yam Shel Shelomo), dies

1608 – Adolf, earl of Nassau-Siegen/cavalry commander, dies in battle

1620 – Hetman Stanisław Żólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Ţuţora (1620) (b. 1547)

1633 – Cornelis Drebbel, physicist/chemist/inventor (submarine), dies
ardour, English politician

1708 – Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist, dies at 76

1859 – Carl Gottlieb Reissiger, composer, dies at 61

1913 – Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and biologist (b. 1823)

1919 – Hugo Haase, German MP (SPD), murdered at 56

1938 – Earnest von Rath, German antifascist/diplomat, murdered

1944 – Richard Sorge & Ozaki, spies, hanged in Tokyo

1956 – Una Mae Carlisle, US pianist/singer, dies at 40

1959 – Victor McLaglen, actor (Gunga Din), dies of heart attack at 72

1960 – Alvin Carter, vocalist (Carter Family), dies at 69

1962 – Eleanor Roosevelt, 1st Lady (1933-1945), dies at 78 in NYC

1968 – Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)

1978 – Gene Tunney, former heavyweight boxing champ (1926-28), dies at 80

1980 – Steve McQueenactor (Tom HornBullitt), dies at 50

Bullit Car Chase                                                   The Getaway

The Great Escape                                                KING OF COOL

Steve McQueen: Man On The Edge

1981 – Will Durant, US author (story of civilization), dies at 96

1993 – Adelaide Hall, US jazz singer (Cotton Club), dies at 92

1994 – Michael O’Donoghue, comedian (SNL), dies at about 54

1994 – Milton “Shorty” Rogers [Rajonsky], US jazz trumpeter, dies at 70

1995 – Melvin “Slappy” White, comedian, dies of heart attack at 74

1996 – Michael Fenton Haddon, mining engineer, dies at 81

2000 – Queen Ingrid, Queen Dowager of Denmark (b. 1910)

2001 – Nida Blanca, Filipino actress (b. 1936)

2002 – Rudolf Augstein, German publisher (b. 1923)

2004 – Howard Keel, American actor (b. 1919)

2005 – Anthony Sawoniuk, Belarusian-born Nazi war criminal (b. 1921)

2005 – Harry Thompson, English-born comedian and novelist (b. 1960)

2006 – Bryan Pata, American football defensive tackle (University of Miami) (murdered) (b. 1981)

2006 – Johnny Sain, American baseball pitcher (b. 1917)

2006 – Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (b. 1924)

2007 – Earl Dodge, American politician (Prohibition Party) (b. 1932)

2011 – Joe Frazier, Olympic Heavyweight Boxer (b. 1944)

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

355 – Emperor Constantine II crowns cousin Julianus keizer of Britain

1153 – Treaty of Wallingford signed

1528 – Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in Texas.

1534 – Zealand hit by heavy storm

1572 – Supernova is observed in constellation known as Cassiopeaia

1789 – Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States.

 

 

 

1792 – Battle at JemappesFrench army beats Austrians

 

 

 

 

 

1850 – 1st Hawaiian fire engine

1850 – Yerba Buena & Angel Islands (SF Bay) reserved for military use

1860 – Abraham Lincoln (Rep-R-Ill) elected 16th American President

1861 – Jefferson Davis elected to 6 year term as Confederate president

1863 – Battle of Rogersville TN

1864 – Battle of Cane Hill, AK

1864 – Battle of Droop Mountain, WV (Averell’s Raid)

 

 

 

1865 – American Civil WarCSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels.

 

 

 

 

 

1883 – NYAC organizes 1st American cross-country championship race

1888 – Benjamin Harrison (R-Sen-Ind) beats Pres Grover Cleveland (D), 233 electoral votes to 168, Cleveland received slightly more votes

1900 – Battle at Bothaville: gen-mjr Charles Knox beats Boers

1900 – Pres William McKinley (R) 25th American President re-elected, beating William Jennings Bryan. Assassinated 1901

1906 – Charles Evans Hughes (R) elected NY gov beats William Randolph Hearst

1913 – Mohandas K Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners march in S Afr

1917 – Bolshevik revolution begins with capture of Winter Palace

1917 – NY allows women to vote

1918 – Supreme commander of the army Gen Cutters resigns

 

 

 

1925 – Secret agent Sidney Reilly is executed by the OGPUthe secret police of the Soviet Union.

 

 

 

 

 

1928 – Herbert Hoover (R) beats Alfred E Smith (D) for pres

1935 – 1st test flight of British Hurricane aircraft

1936 – Terence Rattigans “French Without Tears,” premieres in London

1938 – 3 DiMaggio brothers play together for 1st time, charity all star game

1939 – World War II: Sonderaktion Krakau

1940 – Franklin Roosevelt re-elected president

1941 – Einsatz group kills 15,000 Jews of Rovno Ukraine

1941 – USA lends Soviet Union $1 million

1942 – Nazis execute 12,000 Minsk ghetto Jews

1945 – HUAC begins investigation of 7 radio commentators

1949 – Greeks civil war ends

 

 

 

1950 – Chinese offensive halts at Chongchon RiverNorth Korea

 

 

 

 

 

1956 – Pres Eisenhower (R) re-elected defeating Adlai E Stevenson (D)

1961 – US government issues a stamp honoring 100th birthday of James Naismith

1962 – Edward M Kennedy 1st elected (Sen-D-Mass)

1967 – Bridge at Annabaai crashes on Willemstad, Curacao, kills 15

1967 – US launches Surveyor 6; makes soft landing on Moon Nov 9

1968 – Nixon elected 37th pres of US, defeating Hubert Humphrey

1969 – 1st Cy Young Award tie (Mike Cuellar, Balt & Denny McLain, Det)

1973 – Abe Beame eleceted 1st Jewish mayor on NYC

1973 – Coleman Young elected mayor of Detroit

1975 – 1st appearance of Sex Pistols

 

 

 

1977 – 39 killed in an earthen dam burst at Toccoa Falls Bible College, Ga

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Shah of Iran places Iran under military rule

1979 – Ayatolla Khomeini takes over in Iran

1981 – Fernando Valenzuela is 1st rookie to win a Cy Young Award

1981 – Larry Holmes TKOs Renaldo Snipes in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

1984 – Pres Reagan (R) landslide (won 49 states) re-election over Mondale (D)

1985 – 22nd Space Shuttle Mission (61A) -Challenger 9- lands at Edwards AFB

1985 – Exploratory well at Ranger Tx, explodes spilling 6.3 m gallons of oil

1985 – M-19 guerrilla’s occupies Palace of Justice Bogota Colombia

1986 – Reagan signs landmark immigration reform bill

1986 – Rev Donald Wildmon begins a campaign against Howard Stern

1987 – Roger Clemens wins consecutive Cy Young Awards

1989 – US marshals & FCC sieze pirate radio station WJPL in Brooklyn

1990 – Fire destroys some of Universal Studio’s stages

1991 – Keck II, biggest telescope in use at Mauna Kea Hawaii

1991 – Maximus 2.0 BBS released

1991 – Robert M Gates, becomes 15th director of CIA

1993 – Evander Holyfield beats Riddick Bowe in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1993 – Horse Racing Breeders’ Cup Champs: Arcangues, Brocco, Cardmania, Hollywood Wildcat, Kotashaan, Lure, Phone Chatter at Belmont

1994 – George Foreman (45) KOs Michael Moorer to win boxing HW championship

1995 – Art Modell officially announces Cleveland Browns are moving to Balt

1995 – Israel buries Yitzhak Rabin, assassinated by a fellow Jew who opposed peace with Palestinians

1999 – Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.

2002 – 12 people are killed in a fire on board a train headed for Vienna from Paris.

2004 – An express train collides with a stationary car near the village of Ufton Nervet, England, killing 6 and injuring 150.

2005 – The Evansville Tornado of November 2005 kills 25 in Northwestern Kentucky and Southwestern Indiana.

Births

1391 – Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician (d. 1425)

1479 – Johanna, the Insane, Queen of Castile (1504-20)

1494 – Suleiman I (the Magnificent), Ottoman Sultan (d. 1566). Longest reigning Sultan from 1520 till death in 1566.

1550 – Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden (d. 1612)

1661 – Charles II, last Habsburg king of Spain (reigns 1665-1700)

1771 – Alois Senefelder, inventor (lithography)

1796 – George Back, English sea officer/explorer (North Canada)

1814 – Adolphe Sax, Belgium musician/inventor (saxophone)

1822 – Gordon Granger, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1876

1838 – John Grant Mitchell, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1894

1851 – Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (co-founded Dow Jones/1st editor of Wall St Journal) (d.1902)

 

 

 

1854 – John Philip SousaWash DCmarch king (Stars & Stripes Forever), (d. 1932)

 

 

The Stars and Stripes Forever

Semper Fidelis

The Thunderer

Transit of Venus

 

 

 

 

1855 – Ezra Seymour Gosney, American philanthropist and eugenicist (d. 1942)

 

 

 

1861 – James NaismithAlmonte, Canadainventor (basketballfootball helmet), (d.1939)

 

 

 

 

 

1892 – John Alcock, English pilot (1st non-stop flight across Atlantic Ocean)

1896 – Jim Jordan, Peoria IL, radio comedian (Fibber McGee)

1906 – James D. Norris, sportsman and businessman (Chicago Black Hawks) (d. 1966)

1914 – Jonathan Harris, actor (Dr Zachary Smith-Lost in Space)

1916 – Ray Conniff, Attleboro Mass, chorus director (Ray Conniff Singers)

1920 – John Smith, CEO (Liverpool FC)

1921 – James Jones, Robinson Ill, novelist (From Here to Eternity)

1924 – Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler, AKA Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (d. 2005)

1931 – Mike Nichols, [Peschowsky], director (Catch 22, Biloxi Blues)

1931 – Peter Collins, English race car driver (d. 1958)

1933 – Knut Johannesen, Norway, 5K/10K speed skater (Olympic-gold-1964)

1938 – P J Proby, [James Marcus Smith], Houston Texas, American rocker

1938 – Jim Pike, American singer (The Lettermen)

1943 – Michael Schwerner, civil rights worker, murdered in 1964

1946 – Sally Field, Pasadena California, we really like her (Gidget, Flying Nun)

1947 – George Lawrence James, NJ, 4X400m relayer (Olympic-gold-1968)

1947 – George Young, Australian musician (AC/DC)

1948 – Glenn Frey, Detroit Mich, rock vocalist (Eagles-Take it Easy)

1949 – Brad Davis, Tallahassee Fla, actor (Roots, Chiefs, Midnight Express)

 

 

 

1949 – Arturo SandovalCuban-born trumpeter

 

National Anthem

with Dizzy Gillespie

with Doc Severinsen

Night in Tunisia

 

 

 

 

1955 – Maria Shriver, [Mrs A Schwarzenegger], Chic, newscaster (Sunday Today)

1957 – Klaus Kleinfeld, German industrialist

1957 – Lori Singer, Corpus Christi Texas, actress (Fame, V, Footloose)

1960 – Lance Kerwin, Newport Beach Ca, (James at 15, The Loneliest Runner)

1961 – Kazuhiko Aoki, Japanese game creator

1961 – Craig Goldy, guitarist for the band Dio

1963 – Jean-Marc Chouinard, Montreal Quebec, epee (Olympics-96)

1964 – Corey Glover, American musician (Living Color)

1964 – Greg Graffin, American singer (Bad Religion)

1966 – Peter DeLuise, Hollywood CA, actor (21 Jump Street, seaQuest DSV)

1966 – Paul Gilbert, American guitarist and singer

1967 – Shuzo Matsuoka, Tokyo Japan, tennis star (1995 USTA/Binghampton)

1968 – Jerry Yang, Chinese American entrepreneur (Yahoo!, Inc.)

1969 – Bryan Abrams, Oklahoma City, singer (Color Me Badd-I Want to Sex You Up)

1972 – Thandie Newton, English actress

1974 – Frank Vandenbroucke, Belgian cyclist

1976 – Mike Herrera, American singer and bassist (MxPx)

 

 

 

1976 – Pat TillmanAmerican Soldier , football player (d. 2004)

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Zak Morioka, Brazilian racing driver

1978 – Daniella Cicarelli, Brazilian model and television host

1978 – Taryn Manning, American actress

1981 – Lee Dong Wook, South Korean actor

1982 – Sowelu, Japanese pop singer

1983 – Jon Hume, Australian singer (Evermore)

1987 – Ana Ivanović, Serbian tennis player

1988 – Emma Stone, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

1231 – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (b. 1196)

1406 – Innocent VII, [Cosma de’ Migliorati], Italian Pope (1404-06), dies

1550 – Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1487)

 

 

 

1632 – Gustavus II AdolphusKing of Swedendies at battle of Lutzen at 37

 

 

 

 

 

1656 – Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (b. 1583)

1730 – Hans Hermann von Katte, Prussian lieutenant, beheaded

1771 – John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (b. 1695)

 

 

 

1790 – James BowdoinAmerican Revolutionary leader and politician (b. 1726)

 

 

 

 

 

1816 – Gouverneur MorrisAmerican lawmaker and diplomat (b. 1752)

 

 

 

 

 

1822 – Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (b. 1748)

1839 – Hayim Rapoport, Rabbi of Ostrowiec/author (Maxim Chayyim), dies

1862 – Charles Davis Jameson, US Union brig-gen (Fair Oaks), dies at 35

 

 

 

1893 – Pyotr Ilyich TchaikovskyRussian composer (Swan Lake), dies at 53

 

 

 

 

 

1900 – PWJ Le Gallais, British lt-colonel, dies in battle at Bothaville

1901 – Kate Greenaway, English children book illustrater, dies at 55

1925 – Khải Định, Emperor of Vietnam

1936 – Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (b. 1864)

1944 – Hannah Senesh, Jewish poetess, executed by Nazis in Budapest

1944 – Lord Moyne, British prefect (Middle-East), murdered

1944 – Segundo “Boy” Ecury, Aruba, WW II resistance fighter, executed at 22

1955 – Charley Toorop, [Annie CP Fernhout-Toorop], Dutch painter, dies at 64

 

 

 

1960 – Erich RaederGerman grand admiral (b. 1876)

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1863)

1968 – Charles Munch, French conductor and violinist (b. 1891)

1968 – Charles B. McVay III, Ex-U.S. Navy Captain (b. 1898)

1972 – Billy Murcia, rocker (New York Dolls), chokes to death at 21

1978 – Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (b. 1899)

1987 – William C Pahlmann, interior decorator (4 Seasons NYC), dies at 80

1987 – Zohar Argov, Israeli singer (b. 1955)

1991 – Gene Tierney, actress (Laura, Whirlpool), dies of emphysema at 70

1996 – Tommy Lawton, footballer, dies at 80

 

 

 

2000 – L. Sprague de CampAmerican , Science Fiction writer (b. 1907)

 

 

 

 

 

2001 – Anthony Shaffer, English dramatist (b. 1926)

2002 – Sid Sackson, American board game designer (b. 1920)

2003 – Crash Holly, American professional wrestler (b. 1971)

2005 – Minako Honda, Japanese singer and musical actress (b. 1967)

2006 – Francisco Fernández Ochoa, Spanish alpine skier (b. 1950)

2007 – Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist (b. 1920)

2007 – George Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (b. 1917)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1228 – Wu MeKuan, a collection of 48 Zen koans, compiled in China

1414 – Council of Constance (16th ecumenical council) opens

1492 – Christopher Columbus learns of maize (corn) from Indians of Cuba

1556 – Battle at Panipat: Mogollegers beat hindu leader Hemu

 

 

 

1605 – Gunpowder PlotCatholics try to blow up English ParliamentPlot uncovered & leader Guy Fawkes hanged

 

 

 

 

 

1639 – 1st post office in the colonies is set up in Massachusetts

1743 – Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle.

 

 

 

1757 – Battle at Rossbach (7 year war/French & Indian War)

 

 

 

 

 

1780 – French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle.

1811 – El Salvador’s 1st battle against Spain for independence

1854 – Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000

1862 – Ambrose Burnside replaces McClellen as head of Army of Potomac

1862 – Battle at Barbee’s Crossroads, Virginia: 51 casualties

1872 – American women’s right to vote advocate Susan B Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

1872 – Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US president

1876 – Henry Morton Stanley’s expedition leaves Nyangwe

1883 – Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi’s army destroys Egyptian army

1895 – 1st US patent granted for auto (George B Selden) for gasoline driven car

1895 – US state Utah accepts female suffrage

1911 – Calbraith Rodgers arrives in Pasadena completing 1st transcontinental airplane flight (49 days) ( Sheepshead Bay, NY, Sept 17)

1912 – Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage

1912 – Woodrow Wilson (D) defeats Theodore Roosevelt (Prog) & Pres Taft (R)

 

 

 

1916 – The Everett Massacre takes place in EverettWashington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police.

 

 

 

 

 

1917 – Gen Pershing & US troops see action on Western Front for 1st time

1917 – Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Lousiville Ky ordiance requiring blacks & whites to live in separate areas

1930 – Nobel for literature awarded to Sinclair Lewis for “Babbitt”

1933 – Spanish Basques vote for autonomy

1935 – Parker Brothers launches game of Monopoly

1938 – Rugers beats Princeton 1st time in 60 yrs as Rutgers Stad dedicated

1940 – Pres FDR (D) wins unprecedented 3rd term beating Wendell Willkie (R)

1941 – Japanese marine staff officiers Suzuki/Maejima leave Pearl Harbor

1942 – Nazi raid on Greek Jews in Paris

1942 – Pro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez’s final transmission

1943 – -6] Vatican bombed

1946 – John F Kennedy (D-Mass) elected to House of Representatives

1953 – Nobel prize for physics awarded/appended on Frederik Zernicke

1953 – Paul Searls saws a 32″ log in 86.4 seconds

1956 – Britain & France land forces in Egypt

1956 – Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba

1957 – Mrs Nellie McGrail wins $574,658 on a 2½ cent soccer pool ticket

1959 – AFL announced with 8 teams

1964 – US launches Mariner 3 toward Mars; no data returned

1967 – ATS-3 launched by US to take 1st pictures of full Earth disk

 

 

 

1967 – US troops conquer Loc Ninh South Vietnam

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – The Hither Green rail crash in the United Kingdom kills 49 people. The survivors include Bee Gee Robin Gibb.

1968 – 1st AL pitcher to win MVP, Denny McLain (wins unanimously)

1968 – Nixon (R) beats VP Humphrey (D) & George C Wallace for presidency

1971 – Bolivia passes death penalty for political kidnapping

1974 – Walter E Washington, becomes 1st elected mayor of Wash DC

1975 – British government sends troops to Belize

 

 

 

1976 – Balt Jim Palmer wins AL Cy Young Award

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – NCAA passing record set at 571 yards (Marc Wilson, Brigham Young)

1978 – Iranian PM Jaafar Sharif-Emami resigns to Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi

1978 – Oakland Raider’s John Madden becomes 13th coach to win 100 NFL games

1979 – Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini declares US “The Great Satan”

1981 – Former Dolphin, Mercury Morris, is sentenced to 20 years for drug trafficing, conspiracy, & possession of cocaine

1983 – Orbiter Discovery (OV-103) moves overland to Dryden

1987 – Iceberg twice size of Rhode Island sighted in Antarctic

1988 – Gulch wins Breeder’s Cup

1988 – Horse Racing Breeders’ Cup Champs: Alysheba, Gt Communicator, Gulch, Is It True, Miesque, Open Mind, Personal Ensign at Churchill Downs

1989 – Browns’ Bernie Kosar sets club record of 16 cons pass completions

1992 – Bobby Fisher beats Boris Spassky to with Chess title in Belgrade

1994 – Space probe Ulyssus completes 1st passage behind the Sun

1994 – Tony Rominger bicycles world record time (55,291 km)

1994 – Horse Racing Breeders’ Cup Champs: Barathea, Cherokee Run, Concern, Flanders, One Dreamer, Tikkanen, Timber Country

1995 – André Dallaire attempts to assassinate Jean Chrétien; he is thwarted when the Prime Minister’s wife locks the door.

2006 – Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for the role in the massacre of the 148 Shi’as in 1982.

2007 – China’s first lunar satellite, Chang’e 1 goes into orbit around the Moon.

 

 

 

2009 – US Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan allegedly killed 13 and wounded 43 at Fort Hood, Texas in the largest mass shooting ever at a US military installation.

 

 

Births

1271 – Mahmud GhazanMongol ruler (d. 1304)

 

 

 

 

 

1494 – Hans Sachs, German composer, playwright and shoemaker

1534 – Joachim Camerarius, German botanist/physician (horticulture catalog)

1592 – Charles Chauncy, English-born president of Harvard College (d. 1672)

1615 – Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1648)

1722 – William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English duelist (d. 1798)

1764 – Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist (Newton)

1779 – Washington Allston, US painter/author

1818 – Benjamin Franklin Butler, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1893

1825 – Julius H [Szamvald] Stahel, Major General (Union volunteers)

1832 – William Woods Averell, Major General (Union Army), died in 1900

1846 – Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1869)

1854 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)

1855 – Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (stratosphere)

 

 

 

1885 – Will DurantUSauthor/historian (Story of Civilization)

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – Oscar Bossaert, Belgium, chocolate manufacturer/min of Middenstand

1890 – Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter (d. 1977)

1892 – J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (d. 1964)

1893 – Raymond Loewy, US industrial designer

1902 – Strom Thurmond, (Sen-R-SC, 1955- )

1905 – Joel McCrea, South Pasadena California, actor (Marshal-Wichita Town)

1906 – George Lowthian Trevelyan, designer/visionary

1906 – Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (d. 2004)

1911 – Roy Rogers, Cincinnati Ohio, cowboy (Happy Trails, Roy Rogers Show)

1912 – Natalie Schaeffer, Rumson NJ, actress (Lovey Howell-Gilligan’s Island)

1913 – John McGiver, NYC, actor (Patty Duke Show, Jimmy Stewart Show)

 

 

 

1913 – Vivien Leigh, (Gone With WindFrankly my dearI don’t give a damn

 

 Videos

 

 

 

 

1917 – Jacob Everaers, office clerk/resistance fighter

1917 – Jacqueline Auriol, French aviatrix (d. 2000)

1920 – Douglass North, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate

1926 – Leo Derksen, Dutch journalist (Telegraph/Sunday Newspaper)

1930 – Herb Edelman, Bkln NY, actor (Good Guys, Strike Force, 9 to 5)

 

 

 

1931 – Ike TurnerMiss,  guitarist , singer  (A Fool in Love)

 

Ike Turner & his Kings of Rhythm

Have Mercy

Rocket 88 with Jackie Brenston

Proud Mary with Tina

 

 

 

 

1935 – Lester Piggott, British jockey (11 time champ)

1936 – Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (d. 2001)

1940 – Elke Sommer, [Elke Schletz], Berlin Germany, actress (A Shot in the Dark, The Oscar)

1941 – Art Garfunkel, New York, American singer/actor (Sounds of Silence, Carnal Knowledge)

1943 – Sam Shepard, Ill, actor/playwright (Frances, Crimes of the Heart)

1945 – Peter Pace, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

1946 – Gram Paarson, [Cecil Connor], Winter Haven Fl, rocker (Byrds)

1946 – Patricia K Kuhl, speech & hearing scientist

1947 – Peter Noone, rocker (Herman-Herman’s Hermits-Silhouttes)

1948 – Bernard-Henri Lévy, French public intellectual

1949 – Jimmie Spheeris, American singer-songwriter (d. 1984)

1951 – Stuart Havelock Hollingdale, anthropologist

1952 – Bill Walton, NBA center (Portland Trailblazers, Boston Celtics)

1952 – Vandana Shiva, Indian physicist

1953 – Joyce Maynard, American writer

1955 – Karan Thapar, Foremost Indian Journalist, Political Analyst & Commentator

1955 – Nestor Serrano, American actor

1960 – Tilda Swinton, London England, actress (Orlando)

1961 – Charles O Hobaugh, Bar Harbor ME, Capt USMC/astronaut

1961 – Gina Mastrogiacomo, American actress (d. 2001)

1962 – Brian Wheat, rock bassist (Tesla-Psychotic Supper)

1962 – Marcus J. Ranum, American computer/network security innovator

1963 – Andrea McArdle, Phila, actress (Annie)

1963 – Tatum O’Neal, LA Cal, Mrs John McEnroe (Paper Moon, Little Darlings)

 

 

 

1965 – Famke JanssenDutch model and actress

 

 

 

 

 

1968 – Cary Blanchard, NFL kicker (Indianapolis Colts)

1970 – Tamzin Outhwaite, English actress

1971 – Todd Collins, NFL quarterback (Buffalo Bills)

1971 – Dana Jacobson, ESPN’s First Take hostess

1971 – Jonny Greenwood, guitarist (Radiohead)

1974 – Angela Gossow, German vocalist (Arch Enemy)

1974 – Ryan Adams, American musician

1980 – Jaime Camara, Brazilian racing driver

1980 – Eva González, Spanish model and beauty queen

1987 – Kevin Jonas, American guitarist, member of the Jonas Brothers

 

 

 

Deaths

1370 – Kazimierz III, the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), dies at 61

1515 – Mariotto di Bigio di Bindo Albertinelli, Italian painter, dies at 41

1559 – Kano Motonobu, Zen co-founder (Kano school of painting), dies at 83

1603 – Irini Fedorovna, Russian daughter of Boris Godunov, dies

1660 – Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle, English socialite (b. 1599)

1669 – John Coccejus, German/Neth reformed theologist, dies at about 66

1675 – Kurt S Adeler, Danish admiral/ship designer, dies at 52

1714 – Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (b. 1633)

1854 – Soimonov, Russian general, dies in battle of Inkermann

1879 – James Clerk Maxwell, Scotish physicist (speed of light), dies at 48

 

 

 

1883 – William HicksBritish col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1858)

1933 – Texas Guinan, American saloon keeper, actress, and musician (b. 1884)

1944 – Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)

 

 

 

1960 – Johnny Hortoncountry singerdies at 33

North To Alaska

SINK THE BISMARCK

The Battle Of New Orleans

Battle of Bull Run 

 

 

 

 

1960 – Mack Sennett, director/producer (Keystone Cops), dies

1960 – Ward Bond, actor (Wagon Train), dies of heart attack at 57

1972 – Reginald Owen, actor (Above Suspicion, Love on the Run), dies at 85

1974 – Stafford Repp, actor (Chief O’Hara-Batman), dies at 56

1975 – Edward Lawrie Tatum, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1909)

1975 – Lionel Trilling, American critic and writer (b. 1905)

1977 – Guy Lombardo, orchestra leader (Auld Lang Syne), dies in Houston at 75

1979 – Al Capp, US cartoonist (Li’l Abner), dies at 70

1989 – Barry Sadler, singer (Green Berets), murdered at 49 in Murfreesboro Tn

 

 

 

1989 – Vladimir HorovitzUkrainian/US pianistdies at 85

 

 

Moonlight Sonata

Carmen Fantasie

FLIGHT OF THE BUMBLE BEE

Home Movie

 

 

 

 

1991 – Fred MacMurray, actor (My Three Sons), dies of pneumonia at 83

1991 – Robert Maxwell, Billionaire publisher (NY Daily News), dies at 68

1992 – Arpad E Elo, Hungarian physicist (chess classification system), dies

 

 

 

1992 – Jan Hendrik OortDutch astronomer (Oort Cloud), dies at 92

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1996 – Paula Hinton, dancer, dies at 72

1996 – Ronald Ogden, engineer, dies at 81

2000 – Victor Grinich, American businessman (b. 1924)

2002 – Billy Guy, American singer (The Coasters) (b. 1936)

2003 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer (Righteous Brothers) (b. 1940)

2005 – John Fowles, English writer (b. 1926)

2009 – Félix Luna, Argentine historian (b. 1925)

2011 – Bhupen Hazarika, Indian singer, composer, lyricist, music director, and filmmaker from Assam (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VOTE !!

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

922 – Richarius becomes bishop of Luik

1333 – Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.

1519 – Flood ravages Dutch/Friese coast

1520 – Danish/Norwegian king Christian II crowned king of Sweden

1529 – English cardinal Thomas Wolsey arrested

 

 

 

 1576Eighty Years’ WarIn FlandersSpain captures Antwerp (after three days the city was nearly destroyed).

 

 

 

 

 

1646 – Mass uses death penalty for denying that Saint Copybook is God’s word

 

 

 

1839 – The Newport Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1841 – 1st wagon train arrives in California

1842 – Abraham Lincoln marries Mary Todd in Springfield, Ill

1845 – 1st nationally observed uniform election day in US

1856 – James Buchanan elected US president

1861 – University of Washington founded in Seattle

 

 

 

1862 – Dr Richard Gatling patents Gatling machine gun (Indianapolis)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Confederate assault on Johnsonville, Tennessee

1864 – Naval Engagement at Reynoldsburg Island

1875 – “Pacific” collides with “Orpheus” off Cape Flattery Wash, 236 dies

1879 – Elkins patents refrigerating apparatus

1879 – James Ritty patents 1st cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his Dayton, Ohio saloon

1884 – Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G Blaine (R) for 1st pres term

1890 – St Aleksandr Borodons opera “Prins Igor,” premieres in Petersburg

1893 – Dr Jamesons Legertje occupies Bulawayo Matabeleland

1904 – 1st stadium built specifically for football (Harvard Stadium)

1914 – Vogue holds 1st model show (“Fashion Fete,” NYC)

 

 

 

1921 – The Sturmabteilung or SA is formally formed by Adolf Hitler

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo.

 

 

 

1922 – Howard Carter discovers tomb of Tutankhamen in Egypt

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – California legalizes pro boxing (illegal since 1914)

1924 – Nellie Tayloe Ross elected 1st US female gov (Wyoming)

1924 – US president Calvin Coolidge re-elected

1933 – Hermann Goering & Georgi Dimitrov duel

1939 – 1st air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Ill

1939 – US allows “cash & carry” arms sales during WW II

1942 – 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Afr corps draws back out Fuka-posing

1948 – TS Eliot wins Nobel Prize for literature

1952 – Eisenhower (R) elected 34th pres beating Adlai Stevenson (D)

 

 

 

1956 – 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Stalinist revolt in Budapest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1956 – Israel captures Straits of Tiran & reach Suez Canal Egypt

1957 – 2nd Soviet Earth-satellite launched

 

 

 

 

1965 – Lee Breedlove sets female land speed record (308.56 MPHin Utah

 

 

 

 

 

1966 – Flooding of Arno River (Italy) destroys countless art works, kills 113

1968 – Battles between Jordan army & Al Fatah-arm forces

1970 – Russian nuclear physicist Sacharov forms Human Rights Comittee

1970 – Genie, a 13 year old feral child was found in Los Angeles, California having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life.

1973 – The Netherlands experiences the first Car Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are deserted and are solely used by cyclists and roller skaters.

1975 – Orioles Jim Palmer wins his 2nd Cy Young Award

1976 – 1st mass-market free-agent reentry draft, Reggie Jackson, Joe Rudi, Gullett, Tenace, Fingers, Baylor, Grich & McCovey, available

1977 – UN Security council proclaims weapon embargo against South Africa

1978 – Iranian troops fire on anti-Shah student protesters by Tehran University

 

 

 

1979 – 63 Americans taken hostage at US Embassy (TeheranIran)(444 days)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 1980 – Ronald Reagan (R) defeats Pres Jimmy Carter (D) by a landslide

1980 – Steve Carlton wins 3rd NL Cy Young Awards

1981 – Dr George Nichopoulas is acquitted of overprescribing addictive drugs for Elvis Presley

1983 – Bomb attack on Israeli headquarter in Tyrus Lebanon, 60 killed

1987 – Lisa Steinberg, battered into coma by her adoptive father Joel

1989 – Horse Racing Breeders’ Cup Champs: Bayakoa, Dancing Spree, Go for Wand, Prized, Rhythm, Steinlen, Sunday Silence

1989 – The congress of the Solidarity Party is inaugurated in Sweden. The congress decides, contrary to the proposal of the central committee, not to disband the party.

1991 – Mid East peace conference ends in Madrid Spain

1994 – San Francisco: First conference that focusses exclusively on the subject of the commercial potential of the World Wide Web.

2002 – Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress

2003 – The most powerful solar flare as observed by satellite instrumentation is recorded.

2004 – 12 French soldiers, 3 UN personnel and hundreds of civilians die during the Côte d’Ivoire civil war.

 

 

 

Births

1448 – King Alphonso II of Naples (d. 1495)

1587 – Samuel Scheidt, German organist/composer, baptised

1590 – Gerard van Honthorst, Dutch painter

 

 

 

1650 – William III of Orangeking of England (1689-1702)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1656 – Leonard Sailer, composer

1661 – Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (d. 1742)

1740 – Augustus Montague Toplady, English author of hymn “Rock of Ages” (d. 1778)

1756 – Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner

1765 – Pierre Girard, French mathematician (d. 1836)

1779 – John W Pieneman, historical painter (Battle at Waterloo)

1809 – Benjamin Robbins Curtis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1874)

1812 – Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian/East poet (Lettere a Maria)

1816 – William Polk Hardeman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898

1816 – Stephen Johnson Field, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1899)

1818 – Alexander Robert Lawton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896

1820 – Robert Vinkler Richardson, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1870

1835 – Lunsford Lindsay Lomax, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1913

1836 – Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman (d. 1912)

1842 – William Barker Cushing, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), died in 1874

1845 – Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, The First Indian Revolutionary (d. 1883)

1873 – G E Moore, English philosopher (Ethics)

1874 – Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (d. 1920)

1876 – James Fraser, designed buffalo nickel

 

 

 

1879 – Will RogersOologah Indian Territory (Okla), humorist and actor (Judge Priest), (d. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

1884 – Harry Ferguson, Northern Irish aviator and inventor (d. 1960)

1899 – Carlos Pellicer, Mexican museum director/poet (Teotihuacan)

1899 – Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgish cyclist (d. 1985)

1901 – Princess Bang-ja of Korea (d. 1989)

1901 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (d. 1974)

1902 – Frank Jenks, Des Moines IA, actor (Zombies on Broadway)

1904 – Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist (d. 1967)

1905 – Martin Raschke, German author/publisher/war correspondent

1908 – Stanley Cortez, New York City, American cinematographer

1909 – Evelyn Johnson, Corbin Kentucky, female pilot (most flying hours – 57,685), (d. 2012)

1912 – Pauline Trigere, fashion designer (Bell Bottoms)

1913 – Gig Young, St. Cloud Minnesota, American actor (They Shoot Horses Don’t They)

1915 – Alistair Cameron Crombie, historian of science

1916 – Walter Cronkite, St Joseph Mo, news anchor (CBS Evening News 1962-81)

 

 

 

1918 – Art CarneyMount Vernon NYactor (Ed Norton-Honeymooners)

 

 Classic Honeymooners Golf Scene

Art Carney winning Best Actor

ART CARNEY TRIBUTE

Dean Martin & Art Carney – the Devil

 

 

 

 

1918 – Cameron Mitchell, Dallastown Pa, actor (Buck-High Chaparral)

1919 – Martin Balsam, NYC, actor (Murray-Archie Bunker’s Place, Catch 22)

1920 – Georges Papy, Belgian mathematician (Numbers Game)

1923 – Alfred Heineken, beer brewer (Heineken)

 

 

 

1929 – Jimmy Piersallbaseball player (Red SoxSenatorsIndians)

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – Doris Roberts, St Louis Mo, actress (Angie, Maggie, Emmy 1983)

1931 – Darla Hood, Leedey Oklahoma, singer/actress (Little Rascals)

1932 – David Shipman, film historian

1932 – Noam Pitlik, Phila Pa, actor/director (Sanford & Son, Bob Newhart)

1933 – Mildred McDaniel, US high jumper (Olympic-gold-1956)

1937 – Loretta Swit, Passaic NJ, actress (Hotlips Houlihan-M*A*S*H)

1938 – Harry Elston, rocker

 

 

 

1940 – Delbert McClintonLubbock Txsinger (Gonna Find a Good Woman)

 

 

Same Kinda Crazy As Me

Givin’ It Up for Your Love with Bonnie Bramlett

Shaky Ground

Read Me My Rights with Marcia Ball

 

 

 

 

1946 – Robert Mapplethorpe, US photographer

1946 – Laura Bush, U.S. First Lady 2000-

1946 – Frederick Elmes, American cinematographer

1947 – Aleksandr Tkachev, USSR, parallel bars gymnist (Olympic-gold-1980)

1947 – Alexei Ulanov, USSR, pairs figure skater (Olympic-gold-1972, 76)

1950 – Markie Post, [Marjorie], Palo Alto Cal, actr (Christine-Night Court)

1953 – Jacques Villeneuve (elder), Canadian racing driver

1953 – Dr. Marvel Williamson, American educator

1954 – Chris Difford, guitarist/vocalist (Squeeze-Tempted)

1956 – James Honeyman-Scott, rock guitarist/vocalist (Pretenders)

1956 – Jeff Watson, rock guitarist (Night Ranger)

1956 – Jordan Rudess, American musician (Dream Theater)

1957 – Najee, rocker

1960 – Kim Forester, Lookout Mt Ga, country singer (Forester Sister-Men)

1961 – Ralph Macchio, Huntington NY, actor (Karate Kid, 8 is Enough)

1962 – Jeff Probst, American television host

1963 – Rosario Flores, Spanish singer and actress

1965 – Gregory Scott [Koenig], Dearborn Mich, guitarist (Signs of Life)

1966 – Kathy Griffin, Chicago, comedienne (Vicki Groener-Suddenly Susan)

1966 – Kool Rock, [Damon Wimbley], rapper (Fat Boys-Jail House Rock)

1966 – Petra Verkaik, Los Angeles Ca, playmate (Dec, 1989)

1966 – H. John Heinz IV, American medieval armor craftsman; son of Teresa Heinz

1967 – Alex Rousseau, Paris France, US water polo 2m Offense (Oly-4th-92, 96)

1969 – Jan Apell, Sweden, tennis star

1969 – Katrin Borchert, Germany, Australian canoeist (Olympics-96)

1969 – Matthew McConaughey, actor (Contact, A Time to Kill)

1970 – Tim DeBoom, American triathlete

1974 – Cedric Bixler-Zavala, American musician (At the Drive-In, The Mars Volta)

1975 – Heather Tom, Hinsdale Ill, actress (Victoria Howard-Young & Restless)

1975 – Michael Osmond, Utah, singer (Osmond Boys)

1975 – Curtis Stone, Australian chef and television personality

1976 – Bruno Junqueira, Brazilian racing driver

1979 – Jesse Camp, former MTV veejay

1986 – Adrian Zaugg, South African racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

644 – Omar I, Arabic 2nd kalief of Islam, murdered

1203 – Dirk VII, Count of Holland (1190-1203), dies

1411 – Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxonia (b. 1384)

1652 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Flemish mathematician (b. 1597)

1674 – Kano Tanjoe, Japanese painter (palaces, portraits), dies at 72

1698 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician and mathematician (b. 1625)

1702 – John Benbow, English vice-admiral (Santa Marta), dies

1704 – Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (b. 1654)

1768 – Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer, dies at 57

 

 

 

1801 – William ShippenAmerican physician and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1712)

 

 

 

 

 

1830 – Frederic LG de Merode, Belgian revolutionary, dies in battle at 37

1837 – Jean-Louis M Alibert, French dermatologist, dies at 69

 

 

 

1847 – Jacob L Felix Mendelssohn-BartholdyGerman pianist/composerdies at 38

 

The Hebrides Overture

A Midsummer Night’s Dream Overture Op.21

Symphony No. 3 in A Minor, op. 56

Wedding March

 

 

 

 

1918 – Wilfred Owens, anti-war poet (Anthem for doomed youth), dies at 25

1921 – Takasji Hara, premier of Japan, murdered

 

 

 

1924 – Richard ConnerAmerican Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1843)

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

1928 – Arnold Rothstein, [A R], US businessman/gambler, shot to death at 46

 

 

 

1931 – Charles Buddy BoldenUS jazz musiciandies

 

Buddy Bolden’s Blues

To the memory of Charles ” Buddy ” Bolden- first man of jazz – part 1

To the memory of Charles ” Buddy ” Bolden- first man of jazz – part 2

To the memory of Charles ” Buddy ” Bolden- first man of jazz – part 3

To the memory of Charles ” Buddy ” Bolden- first man of jazz – part 4

To the memory of Charles ” Buddy ” Bolden- first man of jazz – part 5

 

 

 

 

1942 – Marcel Barger, [Streliskie], cabaret performer, killed in Auschwitz

1950 – Grover Cleveland Alexander, American baseball player (b. 1887)

1955 – Cy Young, American baseball player (b. 1867)

 

 

 

1956 – Art[hur] Tatum, US jazz pianist/composer, dies at 46(see UE 10/13)

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – June Thorburn, actress (Tom Thumb), dies in plane crash at 36

1968 – Paul JM Lindemans, Flemish agricultural engineer/author, dies at 78

1969 – Carlos Marighela, Brazilian guerilla, dies in battle

1980 – Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (b. 1905)

1982 – Dominique Dunne, actress (Poltergeist), murdered by boyfriend at 23

1982 – Jacques Tati[scheff], French mime/director, dies at 74

1986 – Kurt Hirsch, German mathematician (b. 1906)

1987 – Raphael Soyer, artist (Depression scenes in NYC), dies at 87

1993 – Basuki Abdullah, Indonesian painter, murdered at 78

1993 – Cliff Young, pitcher (Cleveland Indians), dies in car accident at 29

1994 – Fred “Sonic” Smith, guitarist, dies at 46

1994 – Sam Francis, US painter (Basel Mural), dies at about 71

1995 – Yitzhak Rabin, PM of Israel, assassinated at 73

1996 – Robert Rapoport, social anthropologist, dies at 72

1997 – H Richard Hornberger, surgeon (inspired M*A*S*H), dies at 73

2003 – Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (b. 1923)

 

 

 

2008 – Michael CrichtonAmerican authordies at 66

 

 

 

 

 

2011 – Andy Rooney, American radio and television writer (b. 1919)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

644 – Kalief Omar I injured during assassination attempt

644 – Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina.

1468 – Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy’s troops.

1493 – Christopher Columbus discovers island of Dominica

1620 – Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony

1679 – Great panic occurs in Europe over close approach of a comet

 

 

 

1760 – Battle at TorgauSaxonyPrussia beats Austria

 

 

 

 

 

1762 – Spain acquires Louisiana

1783 – Washington orders Continental Army disbanded

1783 – John Austin, a highwayman, is the last to be publicly hanged at London’s Tyburn gallows.

 

 

 

1791 – Battle at Wabashindians assault General St Clair/killed 637 soldiers

 

 

 

 

 

1794 – French troops conquer Maastricht

1796 – John Adams elected president

1812 – Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma

1813 – US troops under gen Coffee destroy indian village at Talladega Ala

1838 – The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce.

 

 

 

1839 – 1st opium war-2 British frigates engage several Chinese junks

 

 

 

 

 

1856 – A British fleet bombs Canton.

1862 – Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana

1863 – Battle of Grand Coteau, GA

1867 – Battle at Mentana: French/pontifical troops beat Garibaldi

1868 – Ulysses Grant (R) wins presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)

1871 – Henry M Stanley in Tanganyka say “Dr Livingstone, I presume?”

1883 – Race riots in Danville Virginia (4 blacks killed)

1883 – US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can’t be Americans

1883 – American Old West: Self-described “Black Bart the poet” gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.

1885 – Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses

1896 – J H Hunter patents portable weighing scales

1896 – William McKinley (R) defeats William Jennings Bryan (D) for president

1899 – James J Jeffries beats Tom Sharkey in 25 for heavyweight boxing title

1900 – 1st US automobile show opens at Madison Square Garden (NYC)

1903 – Colombia grants Panama independence

1908 – William Howard Taft (R) elected 27th pres over William Jennings Bryan

1911 – Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.

 

 

 

1913 – The USA introduces an income tax.

 

 

 

 

 

1917 – 1st class mail now costs 3 cents per ounce

1918 – Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I

1926 – Ty Cobb resigns as Detroit Tigers manager

1927 – Tropical storm flooding kills 84 in Winooski River Valley (Vt)

1930 – 1st vehicular tunnel to a foreign country (Detroit-Windsor) opens

1931 – 1st commercially produced synthetic rubber manufactured

1934 – Although Lou Gehrig wins Triple Crown, Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP

1936 – President FDR (D) wins landslide victory over Alfred M Landon (R)

1937 – Archambaud bicycles world record time (45,796 km)

1941 – Hirohiti’s accord on Yamamoto’s attack plan on Pearl Harbor fails

 

 

 

1942 – 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault(see UE 10/23)

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Clarence Birdseye markets frozen peas(see UE 10/7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1953 – 1st live color coast-to-coast telecast (NYC)

 

 

 

1954 – Nobel for physics awarded to Max Born & Walter Bothe

 

                                                                                 

 

 

 

                       

 

 

 

1955 – Alabama woman bruised by a meteor

1956 – “Wizard of Oz” 1st televised (CBS-TV)

1957 – USSR launches Sputnik 2 with a dog (Laika), 1st animal in orbit

1962 – Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 72 points vs LA Lakers

1964 – LBJ (D) soundly defeats Barry Goldwater (R) for pres

1964 – Phila voters approve $25 million to build a new sports stadium

1965 – Sandy Koufax wins NL Cy Young Award unanimously

 

 

 

1967 – Vietnam WarThe Battle of Dak To begins.

 

 

 

 

 

1970 – Bob Gibson wins NL Cy Young Award

1970 – Salvador Allende inaugurated as president of Chile

1971 – “Play Misty For Me” premieres

 

 

 

1973 – Mariner 10 launched-1st Venus pics1st mission to Mercury

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Good Morning America premieres on ABC (David Hartman & Nancy Dussault)

1978 – 1st broadcast of “Diff’rent strokes” on NBC TV

1978 – USSR & Vietnam sign peace & friendship treaty

1979 – 5 mortally wounded during anti-Ku Klux Klan demonstration in NC

1981 – Brewers reliever Rollie Fingers wins AL Cy Young Award

1982 – Pete Vuckovich becomes Milwaukee’s 2nd consecutive AL Cy Young

1983 – Jesse Jackson launches his 1st campaign for presidency (D)

1983 – Nashville Network begins on cable TV

1984 – 3,000 die in 3 day anti-Sikh riot in India

1984 – Body of assassinated Indian PM Indira Gandhi cremated

1986 – Federated States of Micronesia signs Compact of Free Association with US

1986 – Northern Mariana Islands becomes a Commonwealth associated with US

1987 – Oakland 1st baseman Mark McGwire wins AL Rookie of Year

1988 – Talk-show host Geraldo Rivera’s nose is broken as Roy Innis brawls with skinheads at TV taping

1989 – 100s of Bulgarian demonstrate in Sofia for democratic rights

1989 – Lou Piniella is named manager of the Reds, replacing banned Pete Rose

1989 – Minn Timberwolves’ 1st NBA game, loses to Seattle, 106-94

1991 – Ayrton Senna wins shortest Formula One race ever run (17 laps)

1992 – Bill Clinton (D) wins US presidential election over Pres Bush (R)

1994 – Atlantis 13 launched

1994 – Dutch & British astronomers find spiral nebula Dwingeloo 1

1994 – Space shuttle STS-66 (Atlantis 13), launches

1994 – Susan Smith who claimed her 2 kids were carjacked arrested for murder

1994 – Total solar eclipse in South America (4m23s)

1995 – 1st NBA game at FleetCenter, Boston Celtics lose to Mil Bucks, 101-100

1995 – 1st NBA game at Rose Garden, Port Trailblazers lose to Grizzlies 92-80

1995 – 1st NBA game at Skydome, Toronto Raptors beat NJ Nets 94-79

1997 – Boston shortstop Nomar Garciaparra is 6th unanimous AL Rookie of Year

1997 – California law ends affirmative-action

2007 – Pervez Musharraf declared emergency rule across Pakistan. He suspended the Constitution, imposed State of Emergency, and fired the chief justice of the Supreme Court.

Births

39 – Lucan, Cordova Spain, Latin poet (Bellum Civile)

1470 – Edward V, King of England (Apr 9-Jun 25 1483)

1560 – Annibale Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1609)

1604 – Osman II, sultan of Turkey (1618-22)

1611 – Henry Ireton, English general/MP (Edgehill)

1618 – Aurangzeb, [Alamgir], Emperor of India (1658-1707)

1621 – Renatus Rapinus, [René Rapin], French jesuit/poet (Hortorum libri IV)

1633 – Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (d. 1714)

1718 – John Montague, 4th Earl of Sandwich, inventor (sandwich)

1736 – Christian Brunings, Dutch hydraulic engineer

1749 – Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)

 

 

 

1793 – Stephen Fuller Austincolonized Texas

 

 

 

 

 

1794 – William Cullen Bryant, poet (Thanatopsis)

1798 – Mason James Murray, (Confederacy), died in 1871

1799 – William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (d. 1856)

1801 – Karl Baedeker, Germany, published travel books

 

 

 

1816 – Jubal Anderson EarlyLt General (Confederate Army), died in 1894

 

 

 

 

 

1818 – Gustavus Adolphus DeRussy, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1891

1826 – Jasper Adalmorn Maltby, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1830 – Esten Cooke, John (Confederate Army), died in 1886

1830 – Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist

1833 – Edward Dorr Tracy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863

1845 – Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1921)

1852 – Mutsuhito, 122nd emperor of Japan (1867-1912)

1857 – Michail V Aleksejev, Russian general (WW I-chief of staff)

1861 – Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian/archaeologist

1872 – Paul Panzer, actor (Cat’s Paw, Mildred Pierce, Hotel Berlin)

1879 – Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canada, Arctic explorer/ethnologist

1880 – Edmond Barrett, heavyweight wrestler (Olympic-bronze-1908)

1889 – Heinrich Campendonk, German painter/wood carver/glazer

1890 – Eustaquio van Lieshout, Dutch priest (d. 1943)

1899 – Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (d. 1986)

1900 – Adolf Dassler, founder of Adidas (d. 1978)

1901 – Andre Malraux, [Berger], France, novelist/art historian (L’Espoir)

1903 – Walker Evans, US, photographer (Fortune Magazine)

1905 – William Donald Campbell, diarist/ornithologist

1907 – Joe Turner, US , jazz pianist

1908 – Bronko Nagurski, NFL fullback (Chicago Bears)

1909 – James “Scotty” Barrett Reston, Clydebank Scotld, journalist (NY Times)

1912 – Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay (1954-89)

1918 – Bob Feller, pitcher (Cleve Indian, 3 no-hitters)

1918 – Russell B Long, (Sen-D-LA, 1948-86)

1918 – Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (d. 2007)

1919 – Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (d. 1995)

 

 

 

1921 – Charles BronsonEhrenfeld, Pennsylvaniaactor (Magnificent SevenDeath WishDirty Dozen), (d. 2003)

 

Death Wish

Mr. Majestyk

Top 10 BAD-ASS Bronson Moments

Charles Bronson Tribute

 

 

 

 

1922 – Earl of Lonsdale, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1927 – Andy Williams, Wall Lake, Iowa, singer/actor (Andy Williams Show, “Butterfly”), (d. 2012)

1928 – Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (d. 1989)

1930 – Ken Berry, Moline Ill, actor (F Troop, Mayberry RFD, Mama’s Family)

1930 – William H Dana, pilot (X-15)

1930 – Brian Robinson, British cyclist

1931 – Monica Vitti, [Ceciarelli], Rome Italy, actress (Tigers in Lipstick)

1933 – Michael S Dukakis, (Gov-D-Mass, 1988 Pres Candidate)

 

 

 

1933 – John BarryEnglish composer

 

James Bond Theme

Goldfinger

Born Free

Midnight Cowboy

 

 

 

 

1933 – Amartya Sen, Santiniketan, Bengal, economist and Nobel Prize laureate (welfare economics and social choice theory)

1934 – Ruma Guha Thakurta, Singer, Actress, Dancer, Founder of Calcutta Youth Choir

1936 – Roy Emerson, Australia, tennis player (Wimbledon-1964, 65, US Open-61)

1938 – Martin Dunwoody, British mathematician

1939 – Terrence McNally, St Petersburg Fla, playwright (Bad Habits)

1943 – Bert Jansch, rocker

1946 – Nick Simper, rocker (Deep Purple)

1946 – Tommy Dee, rocker

1948 – Lulu, Glasgow Scotland, singer/actress (To Sir With Love)

1948 – Tom Shales, TV critic (Washington Post)

1948 – Helmut Koinigg, Austrian racing driver (d. 1974)

1949 – Larry Holmes, heavyweight boxing champ (1978-85)

1949 – Michael Evans, Salisbury NC, actor (Lionel-All in the Family)

1949 – Roswitha Krause, USSR, 4 X 100m swimmer (Olympic-silver-1968)

1949 – Anna Wintour, English-American editor

1950 – Joe Queenan, American writer

1951 – Ed Murawinski, American cartoonist, New York Daily News

1952 – Kate Capshaw, [Nail], Fort Worth Tx, actress (Little Sex, Dreamscape)

 

 

 

1953 – Dennis MillerPitts Pacomedian/TV host (SNLDennis Miller Show)

 

 

 

 

 

1953 – Kathy Kinney, actress (Mimi-Drew Carey Show)

1954 – Adam Ant, [Stuart Goddard], London, English punk rocker (If I Strip For You)

1954 – Godzilla, Japanese monster (Godzilla)

1954 – Kevin P Chilton, LA California, Lt Col USAF/Astronaut (STS 49, 59, 76)

1955 – Phil Simms, NFL quarterback (NY Giants, Superbowl 1986)

1959 – Dolph Lundgren, Stockholm Sweden, actor (Rocky IV) [or Oct 17]

1959 – Timothy Patrick Murphy, Hartford Conn, actor (Dallas, Glitter)

1959 – Hal Hartley, American film director and writer

1960 – Sharon Monplaisir, NYC, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1960 – [Charles] Karch Kiraly, Jackson MI, volleyballer (Oly-3 g-84, 88, 96)

1962 – Kym Hampton, WNBA forward (NY Liberty)

1962 – Marilyn, rocker (You Don’t Love Me)

1963 – Stephen Corkin, Auckland NZ, judoka (Olympics-96)

1963 – Shigeaki Hattori, Japanese racing driver

1966 – Todd Reynolds, Norwalk Conn, pairs skaters (Olympics-1994)

1966 – Tracey Fuchs, Centereach NY, field hockey midfielder (Olympics-88, 96)

1968 – Antonio Pettigrew, Macon Ga, 400m (Olympics-96)

1968 – Debbie Rochon, Vancouver BC, actress (Tromeo & Juliet)

1971 – Colbie Bell, Edmonton Alberta, 100kg Greco Roman wrestler (Oly-96)

1971 – Joan Kenmore, actress (Wizard of Oz)

1971 – Dylan Moran, Irish comedian

1971 – Diego Alessi, Italian race car driver

1973 – Kirk Jones (Sticky Fingaz), American musician

1973 – Mick Thomson, American guitarist (Slipknot)

1977 – Aria Giovanni, American model

1979 – Tim McIlrath, American musician (Rise Against)

1981 – Sten Pentus, Estonian racing car driver

1982 – Evgeny Plushenko, Russian figure skater

1984 – Ryo Nishikido, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band) and Kanjani8)

1984 – Christian Bakkerud, Danish racing driver

1987 – Gemma Ward, Australian model

1987 – Elizabeth A. Smart, American abductee and activist

 

 

Deaths

361 – Flavius Julius Constantius II, 1st Byzantine Emperor, dies at 44

753 – Pirminius, German saint (b. 753)

1254 – Johannes III Doukas Vatatzes, Byzantine Emperor (1222-54)/saint, dies

1344 – Adolf van der Mark, prince-bishop of Liege (1313-44), dies at 56

1428 – Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1388)

1580 – Jeronimo Zurita y Castro, Spanish historian (b. 1512)

1639 – Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice), dies at 69

1643 – Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (b. 1577)

1643 – John Bainbridge, English astronomer (b. 1582)

1793 – Olympe de Gouges, French feminist and revolutionary (b. 1748)

1864 – Antonio Goncalves Dias, Brazilian national poet, dies at sea

1867 – Pieter J Jong, Dutch Zouave, dies in battle

1873 – Kintpuash, “Captain Jack”, chief of Modoc-indians, dies

1918 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Lyapunov, Russian scientist (b. 1857)

 

 

 

1926 – Annie OakleyUS sharp-shooting stardies at 66

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – Emile Roux, French scientist (b. 1853)

1949 – Solomon R Guggenheim, US art collector, dies at 88

 

 

 

1954 – Henri E B Matisse, French painter/sculptor (Dance II), dies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Wilhelm Reich, Austria/US psycho analyst (sexual), dies at 60

1962 – Harlow H Curtice, pres of General Motors (1953-8), dies at 69

1964 – John Henry Barbee, American guitarist and singer (b. 1905)

1971 – Etienne Gailly, Belgium marathoner (Oly-bron-48), dies in accident at 48

1982 – Edward H Carr, British historian, dies at 90

 

 

 

1986 – Eddie “Lockjaw” Davisjazz saxophonistdies at 65

 

I Can’t Get Started

with Count Basie

Take The “A” Train

 

 

 

 

1990 – Mary Martin, actress (Peter Pan), dies of cancer at 76

1992 – John H Davis, actor (Our Gang), dies of respiratory failure at 78

1993 – Leon Theremin, electronic musical instruments inventor, dies at 97

1993 – William Lanteau, actor (On Golden Pond), dies at 70

1994 – Richard Krautheimer, US art historian, dies at 97

 

 

 

1998 - Bob Kane, comic artist and Batman co-creator (b. 1915) (see UE 10/24)

 

 

 

 

 

1999 – Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (b. 1928)

2001 – Ernst Gombrich, Austrian art historian (b. 1909)

2002 – Lonnie Donegan, Scottish musician (b. 1931)

2004 – Sergei Zholtok, Latvian hockey player (b. 1972)

2006 – Paul Mauriat, French musician (b. 1925)

2010 – Jim Clench, Canadian bassist (April Wine and Bachman-Turner Overdrive) (b. 1949)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

676 – Donus begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Pope Adeodatus II

1327 – King Alfonso IV of Aragon crowned

1355 – English invasion army under king Edward lands at Calais

1418 – Utrecht conquerors Ijsselstein

1642 – 2nd battle at Breitenfeld Saksen: Sweden beat Ferdinand III

1648 – 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia

1675 – A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip’s War.

1712 – Suriname government gives French hijacker Jacques Cassard, ƒ682,800

 

 

1772 – Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms

 

 

 

 

 

 

1783 – General George Washington, later 1st American President, bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War (alt. Dec 4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1813 – Treaty of Fulda

1824 – Popular presidential vote 1st recorded; Andrew Jackson beats J Q Adams

1835 – 2nd Seminole War begins in Osceola

1841 – Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan

1851 – Louis Napoleon takes power in France

1852 – Franklin Pierce elected as president of US

1861 – American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Fremont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter.

1880 – James A Garfield (R) elected 20th American President

1889 – North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state

1892 – French poet Paul Verlaine visits Netherlands

1895 – 29th Belmont: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 2:11½

1899 – Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal

1903 – Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St NYC

1903 – New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St NYC

1904 – British newspaper, “Daily Mirror,” begins publishing

1914 – Great Britain annexes Cyprus

1914 – Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.

1916 – Ft Vaux, Verdun, reconquered by France

1917 – 1st US soldiers killed in combat in WW I

1917 – Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine

1920 – Warren G Harding elected 29th president

1924 – Sunday Express publishes 1st British crossword puzzle

1936 – 1st high-definition TV broadcast service, by BBC in London

1936 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established.

1942 – 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir

1942 – Britian under Montgomery defeats German forces under Rommel in battle of Alamein Egypt (WW II)

1943 – Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed

1944 – Auschwitz begins gassing inmates

1944 – Canadian troops occupy Knokke

1944 – US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald

1947 – Howard Hughes’ “Spruce Goose” flies for 1st (& last) time

1948 – Pres Harry Truman re-elected in an upset over Republican Thomas Dewey

1953 – Pakistan becomes islamic republic

1954 – Taiwan & US sign military pact

1956 – Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion

1956 – Israel captures Gaza & Sheham

1957 – 1st titanium mill opened, Toronto Ohio

1957 – The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity, and remains one of the most impressive UFO cases in American history.

1959 – Charles Van Doren confesses, TV quiz show-“21,” was fixed

1959 – The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway

1960 – Penguin Books publishes “Lady Chatterley’s Lover”

1960 – Roger Maris nips Mickey Mantle as AL MVP, 225-222

1964 – CBS purchases 80% of Yanks for $11,200,000, later buys remaining 20%

1964 – Faisal succeeds Saud as king of Saudi Arabia

1969 – NFL record of 12 passing touchdowns, New Orleans Billy Kramer & St L Charlie Johnson pass for 6 touchdowns each

1972 – Phillies’ Steve Carlton wins unanimous NL Cy Young Award

1974 – Braves trade Hank Aaron to Milwaukee Brewers for OF Dave May

1974 – 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.

1976 – Jimmy Carter (D) defeats Gerald Ford (R) for president
1976 – NJ voters approve gambling for Atlantic City

1977 – Phillies’ Steve Carlton wins 2nd Cy Young Award

1982 – Fire in Salung tunnel, Afghanistan, 1,000+ Russians die

1983 – President Reagan signs bill establishing Dr Martin Luther King Jr holiday

1984 – Capital punishment: Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962.

1988 – Computers virus strikes Pentagon, SDI research lab & 6 universities

1988 – The Morris worm, the first internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, is launched from MIT.

1991 – Nevada makes biggest comeback in NCAA football history, overcoming a 35-pt deficit in the 3rd quarter & rallying to beat Weber State 55-49

1992 – 1st test flight of Airbus A330

1993 – Christie Todd Whitman (R) elected 1st woman governor of NJ

1993 – Dow Jones hits record 3697.64

1993 – Rudolph Guliani (R) elected 107th mayor of NYC

1994 – Benzine explosion in Dronka Egypt, 400+ killed

1995 – Spanish Broadcasting System buys NY radio station WPAT-FM for $83.5M

1997 – Typhoon Linda kills at least 208 in southern Vietnam

2000 – The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.

 

 

 

 

Births

1082 – Emperor Huizong of China (d. 1135)

1475 – Princess Anne of York (d. 1511)

1528 – Peter S Lotichius, [Peter Lotz], Neo latin poet (Collected Works)

1636 – Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (d. 1721)

1696 – Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania’s ambassador to the Native Americans (d. 1760)

1699 – Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (d. 1779)

 

 

1734 – Daniel Boone, Oley Valley, Pennsylvania, frontiersman/explorer (US Hall of Fame-1915), (d. 1820)

 

 

 

 

 
1755 – Marie Antoinette, Vienna, Queen of France(1774-1792), “let them eat cake”, (d. 1793)

1766 – Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal (d. 1858)

1795 – James Knox Polk, NC, 11th American President (D) (1845-1849)

1810 – Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883

1815 – George Boole, mathematician (Boolean algebra)

1821 – Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor (d. 1899)

1822 – James Byron Gordon, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1826 – Robert Hopkins Hatton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1826 – William Haines Lytle, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

1828 – Byron Grimes, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1880

1837 – Émile Bayard, French artist, illustrator (d. (1891)

1865 – Warren Gamaliel Harding, Ohio, (R) 29th pres (1921-23)

1877 – Aga Khan III, Karachi, Shia Imam (1885-1932), (d. 1957)

1892 – Alice Brady, NYC, actress (My Man Godfrey, Gay Divorcee, Zenobia)

1893 – Battista Farina, founder of Pininfarina company (d. 1966)

1901 – Paul Ford, Balt Md, actor (Phil Silvers Show)

1906 – Luchino Visconti, Milan Italy, director (Damned, Death in Venice)

 

 

 

1913 – Burt Lancaster, NYC, actor (From Here to Eternity, Elmer Gantry)

 

Videos

 

 

 

1917 – Durward Knowles, England, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1968-Bahamas)

1922 – John Pinsent, classical scholar

1932 – Henri Namphy, Cap Hatien Haiti, President of Haiti (1986-88)

1936 – Abdullah the Butcher, wrestler

1938 – Jay Black, American singer (Jay and the Americans)

1938 – Queen Sofia of Spain

1942 – Shere Hite, St Joseph Missouri, sex therapist (Hite Report)

1942 – Stefanie Powers, Hollywood Ca, actress (Girl From UNCLE, Hart to Hart)

1944 – Keith Emerson, England (Emerson, Lake & Palmer-Brain Salad Surgery)

1944 – Liesel Westermann, German FR, discus thrower (Olympic-silver-1968)

1947 – Dave Pegg, British pop bassist (Jethro Tull-Crest of a Wave)

1948 – Rich Gooch, rock bassist (Quarterflash)

1951 – Kathy Hammond, US, 400m runner (Olympics-bronze-1972)

1951 – Thomas Mallon, American novelist and critic

1952 – Maxine Nightingale, English soul singer

1955 – Mark Reynolds, San Diego California, star yachter (Olymp-8th-1988, 92, 96)

1957 – Rita Crockett, San Antonio Tx, volleyball player (Olympic-silver-1984)

1960 – Bruce Baumgartner, Haledon NJ, wrestler (Oly-gold/br-84, 88, 92, 96)

1960 – Saïd Aquita, Morocco, 5K runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1960 – Tihomir Blaškić, Croatian war criminal

1961 – K.D. Lang [Kathy Dawn], Consort Alberta, Canadian country singer

1962 – Andrew Elt, singer (Sleeze Beez)

1962 – David Brock, American political commentator, pundit

1963 – Ines Diers, German DR, 400m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1980)

1963 – Bobby Dall American rocker (Poison-Every Rose Has a Thorn)

1964 – Michael D’Asaro II, Brooklyn New York, American fencer-sabre

1965 – Shahrukh Khan, Indian actor

1967 – Derek Porter, Belfast Ireland, Canadian rower (Oly-gold/silver-92/96)

1971 – Pete Vordenberg, Rota Spain, US cross country skier (Olympics-1994)

1972 – Samantha Janus, British entertainer

1974 – Nelly, American rapper

1975 – Stéphane Sarrazin, French rally driver

1975 – Chris Walla, American musician (Death Cab for Cutie)

1978 – Vitor “Shaolin” Ribeiro, Brazilian mixed-martial artist and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu world champion

1984 – Julia Stegner, German supermodel

1990 – Natasha Smirnoff, daughter of Yakov Smirnov

 

 

 

Deaths

943 – Queen Emma of France, (b. 894)

1083 – Matilda of Flanders, Queen consort (b. 1031)

1171 – Dionysius bar Salibi, author (Diarbekir), dies

1285 – King Peter III of Aragon (b. 1239)

1327 – King James II of Aragon (b. 1267)

1483 – Henry Stafford, earl of Buckingham/constable of Engl, beheaded at 49

1588 – Wilhelmus Damasi, theologist/1st bishop of Roermond, dies at 63

1697 – Constantine Huygens Jr, Poet/painter/cartoonist, buried

1716 – Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (b. 1651)

1852 – Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (b. 1782)

1863 – Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)

1877 – Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (b. 1784)

1887 – Jenny Lind, [Swedish Nightingale], soprano, dies at 67

1920 – Andre Dumont, Belgian mine engineer (Limburgs coal basin), dies at 73

1944 – Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)

1950 – George Bernard Shaw, Irish author (Pygmalion), dies at 94

1961 – James Thurber, humorist (The Male Animal), dies at 66

 

 

1966 – Mississippi John Hurt, bluesman, dies at 73

 

 Videos

 

 

 

 

1969 – Marion Lloyd Vince, fencer (National champ 1928, 31), dies at 63

1980 – Edith Bunker, character on “All in the Family”, dies

1980 – Willie Sutton, US bank robber, dies at 79

1984 – Margie V Barfield, US murderer, 1st woman electricuted in 22 years

1986 – Paul Frees, cartoon voice (Boris Badenov), dies at 66

1991 – Irwin Allen, dir (Land of the Giants, Poseidon Adventure), dies at 75

1992 – Hal Roach, producer (Keystone Kops), dies of pneumonia at 100

1994 – Noah Beery Jr, US actor (Gung Ho!, Heaven With a Gun), dies at 81

1995 – Oliver Wendell Harrington, cartoonist, dies at 83

1997 – G Harry Stine, writer, dies at 69

 

 

2004 – Theo van Gogh, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1957)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Charmaine Dragun, Australian journalist (b. 1978)

2007 – Lillian Ellison, American professional wrestler (b. 1923)

2007 – Henry Cele, South African Actor; best known for his onscreen portrayal of the legendary Shaka Zulu

2012 – Milt Campbell, American hurdler/decathlete, dies from prostate cancer and diabetes at 78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

996 – First recorded use of modern name for Austria in the ‘Ostarrîchi Document’

1210 – King John of England begins imprisoning Jews

1248 – Earl Willem II of Holland crowned as RC German emperor

1349 – Duke of Brabant orders execution of all Jews in Brussels, accusing them of poisoning the wells

1462 – Archduke Albrecht VI van Habsburg occupies Vienna

1512 – Michelangelo’s paintings on ceiling of Sistine Chapel in Vatican, Italy 1st exhibited

1570 – All Saints Flood, tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland; killing more than 1,000 people.

1604 – William Shakespeare’s tragedy “Othello” 1st presented

1611 – Shakespeare’s romantic comedy “Tempest” 1st presented

1623 – Fire at Plymouth, Massachusetts destroys several buildings

1683 – The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.

1755 – Lisbon earthquake kills more than 50,000

1765 – Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies

1776 – Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California

1783 – Continental Army dissolved; George Washington’s “Farewell Address”

1784 – Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette & his descendents

1800 – John Adams becomes the first US president to live in White House

1834 – 1st published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)

1848 – 1st US woman’s medical school opens (Boston)

1859 – The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.

1861 – Gen George B McClellan made general in chief of Union armies

1863 – -8] Averell’s Raid (on)to Lewisburg, West Virginia

1863 – Fortifications built on Angel Island (SF Bay) by troops

1866 – 1st Civil Rights Bill passes

1867 – “Harpers Bazaar” publishes

1870 – US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)

1878 – Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)

1889 – North and South Dakota entered the Union as the 39th and 40th states

1894 – Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris

1896 – 1st bare-breasted women (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Magazine

1901 – Sigma Phi Epsilon, largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, Va

1904 – George Bernard Shaw’s “John Bull’s Other Island,” premieres in London

1910 – 1st issue of “Crisis” published by editor W E B Du Bois

1913 – Notre Dame upsets Army 35-13, 1st to use forward pass effectively

1914 – German-British naval battle at Coronel, Chile

1914 – Von Hindenburg named marshal of Eastern front

1915 – Parris Island is officially designated a Marine Corps Recruit Depot.

1917 – In WW I, the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat

1918 – 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn

1918 – Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians

1920 – American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.

1922 – Ottoman Empire abolished

1926 – US Air Commerce Act passes

1928 – Graf Zeppelin sets airship distance record of 6384 km

1931 – Dupont introduces synthetic rubber

1932 – Wernher von Braun named head of German liquid-fuel rocket program

1936 – Rodeo Cowboy’s Association founded

1937 – Stalinists executed by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan’s Lutheran community (including three women).

1938 – Seabiscuit beats War Admiral in a match race at Pimlico

1939 – 1st animal conceived by artificial insemination (rabbit) displayed

1939 – 1st jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry

1940 – 1st US air raid shelter, Fleetwood, Pa

1941 – Chetniks attacks Tito’s partizans in Uzice Yugoslavia

1941 – Japanese marine staff officiers Suzuki/Maejima arrive in Pearl Harbor

1942 – 10th day of battle at El Alamein

1942 – John H Johnson publishes 1st issue of Negro Digest

1943 – US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island

1945 – 1st issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson

 

 

1947 – Howard Hughes flies “Spruce Goose,” a large wooden airplane

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1950 – 82°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Nov

1951 – 1st atomic explosion witnessed by troops, NM

1951 – Jet magazine founded by John H Johnson

1952 – 1st hydrogen device exploded at Eniwetok Atoll in Pacific Fusion occurs for 1st time on Earth

1953 – Emile Zatopek runs world record 10K (29:01.6) & 6 mile (28:08.4)

1954 – General Fulgencio Batista elected President of Cuba

1954 – US Senate admonishes Joseph Mccarthy because of slander campaign

1954 – The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.

1955 – Time bomb aboard United DC-6 kills 44 above Longmont Colorado

1956 – Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact

1956 – Nobel for physics awarded to Shockley, Brattain & Bardeen

1957 – World longest suspension bridge opens (Mackinac Straits Mich)

1959 – 1st NHL goalie to wear a hockey mask (Jacques Plante)

1959 – Jim Brown scores 5 TDs in Cleveland Browns 38-31 win over Balt

1959 – Patrice Lumumba arrested in Belgian Congo

1960 – Benelux treaty goes into effect

1962 – Greece enters European Common Market

1962 – USSR launches Mars 1; radio contact lost before arrival at Mars

1964 – George Blanda of Houston throws NFL-record 37 passes in 68 attempts

 

 

1964 – Vietcong-assault on airport Bien Hoa at Saigon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – 1st concert at Fillmore Auditorium, SF

1965 – Ernie Terrel beats George Chuvalo in 15 for heavyweight boxing

1965 – Trackless trolley plunged into Nile River drowning 74 (Cairo Egypt)

1966 – NFL awards New Orleans its 16th franchise (All Saints Day)

1966 – Sandy Koufax becomes 1st 3-time Cy Young Award winner

1968 – Detroit Tiger Denny McLain unanimously wins AL Cy Young Award

1968 – Motion Picture Association of America introduces rating system (G, M, R, X)

1969 – Beatles’ “Abbey Road,” album goes #1 in US & stays #1 for 11 weeks

1970 – 1st regular season Giants-Jets game, Giants win 22-10 at Shea

1970 – Discotheque in Grenoble France burns, all exits padlocked & 142 die

1970 – Fire on Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France, 144 die

1974 – Fire kills 189 in less than 25 min (Sao Paulo Brazil)

1974 – UN affirms independence of Cyprus

1977 – Pres Carter raises minimum wages of $2.30 to $3.35 from Jan 1 1981

1979 – Edward Bennett Williams buys Orioles from Hoffberger for $12.3 million

1979 – Federal government made $1.5 billion loan to Chrysler

1979 – Tanker Burmah Agate off Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 10.7 m gallons of oil, in US’s worst oil spill disaster

1981 – 1st Class US Mail raised from 18 cents to 20 cents

1982 – Andrew “Dice” Clay & George Wendt appear in “Trick or Treatment”

1982 – Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of their factory in Marysville, Ohio. The Honda Accord is the first car produced there.

1984 – Willem de Kooning’s “Two Women” sells for $1,980,000

1985 – Netherlands decides definitive sites for cruise missiles

1986 – Fire in Sandoz factory in Basel, 30 tons of chemicals in the Rhine

1989 – Scandinavian Airlines System bans smoking on many flights

1990 – Last of Margaret Thatcher’s original government resigns, Deputy PM Howe

1994 – Muslim fundamentalists in Mostaganem Algeria murder 5 children

2009 – The inaugural Abu Dhabi Grand Prix is held at the Yas Marina Circuit.

2012 – Google’s Gmail becomes the world’s most popular email service

2012 – Scientists detect evidence of light from the universe’s first stars, predicted to have formed 500 million years after the big bang

 

 

 

 

Births

846 – Louis the Stammerer, King of West Francia (877-79) (d. 879)

1339 – Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (d. 1365)

1351 – Duke Leopold III of Austria (d. 1386)

1500 – Benvenuto Cellini, sculptor/goldsmith/author (Perseus)

1526 – Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, queen of Sweden and duchess of Finland (d. 1583)

1567 – Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (d. 1626)

1578 – Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (d. 1642)

1585 – Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)

1611 – François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (d. 1656)

1629 – St. Oliver Plunkett, last Catholic martyr to die in England. (d. 1681)

1643 – John Strype, English historian and biographer (d. 1737)

1704 – Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (d. 1779)

1720 – Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (d. 1791)

1727 – Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov, founder of the Moscow University (d. 1797)

1798 – Benjamin Lee, Baronet Guinness, Irish brewer/Dublin mayor

1808 – John Taylor, American religious leader (d. 1887)

1815 – Crawford Williamson Long, surgeon/pioneer (use of ether)

1815 – Douglas Hancock Cooper, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879

1825 – Joseph Benjamin Palmer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1890

1835 – Godfrey Weitzel, (Union volunteers) Major general, died in 1884

1859 – William Henry Grattan Flood, composer

 

 

1871 – Stephen Crane, Newark, New Jersey, novelist/poet (Red Badge of Courage), (d. 1900)

 

 

 

 

 

1878 – Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Buenos Aires, jurist (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), (d. 1959)

1892 – Alexander Alekhine, Russia, world chess champion (1927-35, 37-46)

1898 – Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (d. 1960)

1903 – Max Adrian, Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Irish actor (Devils, Music Lover)

1906 – Johnny Indrisano, American boxer and actor (d. 1968)

1920 – James J Kilpatrick, Oklahoma City Oklahoma, columnist (60 Minutes)

1923 – Gordon R[upert] Dickson, Canada, sci-fi author (Genetic General)

1929 – Betsy Palmer, E Chicago Ind, actress (Mr Roberts, Friday the 13th)

1930 – A. R. Gurney, American playwright

1934 – Umberto Agnelli, VP (Fiat)

1935 – Gary J Player, Johannesburg South Africa, PGA golfer (Brit Open-1959, 68, 74)

1935 – Edward Said, Palestinian-born literary critic (d. 2003)

1937 – Bill Anderson, country singer (Still, From This Pen)

1938 – Patrick Buchanan, commentator/politician (Crossfire)

1939 – Barbara Bosson, Belle Vernon Pa, actr (Fay-Hill St Blues, Hooperman)

1940 – Barry Sadler, American singer (d. 1989)

1941 – Joe Louis Caldwell, Texas City, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1964)

1941 – Johnny Kendall, [Johan Donkerkaat], Dutch blues singer

1941 – Robert Foxworth, Houston Texas, actor (Chase-Falcon Crest, Frankenstein)

1942 – Larry Flynt, Lakeville, Kentucky, magazine publisher (Hustler)

1942 – Marcia Wallace, Creston Iowa, actress (Carol-Bob Newhart Show)

1942 – Shere Hite, author/sex therapist

1945 – Rick Grech, Bordeaux France, rock bassist (Blind Faith, Traffic)

1947 – Bob Weston, Devon, England, guitarist and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac)(d. 2012)

1949 – Michael D. Griffin, NASA chief administrator

1950 – Dan Peck, Panama City Fla, rock vocalist/guitarist (America)

1951 – Ronald Bell, Youngstown Oh, rock sax (Kool & The Gang)

1956 – Charles Moore, British editor-in-chief (Sunday Telegraph)

1957 – Lyle Lovett, Klein Tx, country singer (God Will, Joshua Judges Ruth)

1958 – Rachel Ticotin, NYC, actress (Grace-For Love & Honor, Total Recall)

1960 – Said Aquita, runner (Oly-gold/bronze-1984)

1961 – Anne Donovan, Ridgewood NJ, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1984)

1962 – Anthony Kiedis, rock vocalist (Red Hot Chili Peppers)

1963 – Rick Allen, rock drummer (Def Leppard-Hysteria, Rock of Ages)

1966 – Danny Everett, 4x400m runner (Olympic-gold-1988)

1966 – Paul Lewis, Australian field hockey forward (Olympics-silver-92, 96)

1966 – Mary Hansen, Australian guitarist and singer (Stereolab) (d. 2002)

1967 – Steve Fritz, Salina Kansas, decathlete

1967 – Sophie B. Hawkins, American musician

1967 – Carla van de Puttelaar, Dutch photographer

1971 – Vikram Chatwal, Indian hotelier

1972 – Jenny McCarthy, Chicago IL, playmate (Oct, 1993)/host (Singled Out)

1972 – Toni Collette, Australian actress

1975 – Bo Bice, American singer

1975 – Scott “Skippy” Chapman, American musician

1986 – Penn Badgley, American actor

1987 – Caitlin McCarthy, Victoria’s Secret model

 

 

Deaths

921 – Richard, Duke of Burgundy

955 – Henry I, Duke of Bavaria

1296 – Guillaume Durand, French writer (b. 1230)

1391 – Amadeus VII of Savoy (b. 1360)

1399 – John V, Duke of Brittany (b. 1339)

1535 – Francesco Sforza, Italian ruler (Milan), dies

1596 – Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)

1642 – Jean Nicolet, French explorer (b. 1598)

1678 – William Coddington, first Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)

1700 – Carlos II, King of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), dies at 39

1814 – Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)

1888 – Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (b. 1838)

1894 – Tsar Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845) Reigned from 1881

1914 – Christopher “Kit” Cradock, English admiral, dies in battle

 

 

1947 – Man o’ War, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 1917)

 

 

 

 

 

1955 – Dale Carnegie, American writer (b. 1888)

1963 – Ngo Dinh Diem, South Vietnamese PM, assassinated in a coup at 62

1972 – Ezra Loomis Pound, US poet (Throne), dies at 87

1975 – Jacki Ray, actor (In Like Flint), dies at 58

1975 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian poet/author/director, murdered at 53

1979 – Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (b. 1896)

1982 – James Broderick, actor (Doug-Family), dies of cancer at 55

1982 – King Vidor, director (War & Peace), dies at 88 of a heart ailment

1985 – Phil Silvers, comedic actor (Sgt Bilko), dies in his sleep at 73

1986 – Paul Frees, animation voice (Bullwinkle), dies at 66

 

 

 

1986 – Sippie Wallace, blues singer, dies at 88

 

 Videos

 

 

 

 

1987 – René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec (b. 1922)

1991 – Joseph Papp, US theater producer (Chorus Line, Hair), dies at 70

1994 – Syd Dernley, hangman, dies at 73

1999 – Walter Payton, American Football Hall of Fame Running Back, dies at 45

1999 – Theodore Alvin Hall, Atomic Spy (b. 1925)

2004 – Mac Dre, American rapper (b. 1970)

2004 – Terry Knight, American music promoter (b. 1943)

2005 – Skitch Henderson, English-born bandleader (b. 1918)

2006 – William Styron, American author (b. 1925)

2008 – Jacques Piccard, Swiss ocean explorer (b. 1922)

2010 – Ernesto Presas, Filipino martial artist (b. 1945)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 Best Bolt-Action Rifles Of All Time

 

 

10 Best Bolt-Actions

 

 

 

” Hundreds of different bolt-action rifles originated in Europe and the United States, and today hunters have a wide selection of turnbolt rifles to meet every hunting situation and budget. The modern bolt-action rifle is lighter and more accurate than at any time in history. Over the past several years there have been numerous upgrades to bolt-action design in the form of synthetic stocks, improved finishes and better machining, but today’s rifles remain very much true to original designs.

  A few bolt-action designs stand out as the best in history. Some have a reputation for rock-solid dependability, some have become hunting field favorites, and others have revolutionized bolt gun design. Certain guns, such as the Winchester Model 70, have been the basis for a number of other, later designs that have also been successful. Others, such as the Remington Model 700, have become so widely accepted by shooters and hunters that you’ll find one in virtually every hunting camp in the country. However, all of these guns, have earned a place in history as the best bolt guns ever created.

  Here’s a look at the 10 best bolt guns of all time. Be sure to vote for your favorite and enter the debate! “

 

See the editor’s other choices and vote for yours here 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 9:1, NLTse).

802 – Empress Irene of Byzantium driven out

 

 

 

834 – 1st All Hallows Eve (Halloween) observed to honor the saints

 

 

 

 

 

1517 – Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church – Protestant Reformation

1541 – Michelangelo Buonarroti finishes painting The Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican

1596 – English/French/Dutch delegates sign anti-Spanish “Drievoudig Covenant”

1793 – Execution of Girondins at Paris, during Reign of Terror

1808 – Holland Brigade battle at Durango, Spain

1815 – Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner’s safety lamp

1837 – Collision of river boat Monmouth & Trement on Miss; 300 die

 

 

 

1846 – Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp

 

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.

1864 – Nevada admitted as 36th state of the Union

1868 – Standard uniform approved for US postal carriers

1876 – Cyclone hits Bengal, about 200,000 die

1888 – John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tyre

1892 – Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.

1913 – 1st US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway is dedicated

1914 – Great Britain & France declare war on Turkey

1917 – World War I: Battle of Beersheba – “last successful cavalry charge in history”

1918 – Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week

1922 – Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes premier of Italy

1923 – 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia begins

1925 – Cossack officer Reza Chan replaces sultan Ahmad Shah in Persia

1938 – Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.

1940 – Battle of Britain, fought between the RAF and Luftwaffe over the English Channel and southern England, ends

1940 – Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into Warsaw Ghetto

1941 – Mount Rushmore Monument is completed

1941 – Prior to US in WW II, Germany torpedoes US destroyer Reuben James

1942 – 9th day of the Battle of El Alamein

1943 – World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.

1950 – Collazo & Torresola attempt to kill Harry Truman in Washington, DC

1952 – 1st thermonuclear bomb detonated at Marshall Islands

1954 – Algerian Revolution against French begins

1956 – Rear Adm GJ Dufek becomes 1st American to land an airplane at South Pole

1956 – Britain & France begin to bomb Egypt to reopen Suez Canal

1956 – Brooklyn, NY ends streetcar service

1960 – Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 10,000 die

1961 – Hurricane Hattie, kills 400 in British Honduras

1963 – Ed Sullivan witnesses Beatles & their fans at London Airport

1963 – Leaking propane gas explodes kills 64 at “Holiday on Ice” (Indiana)

1967 – Nguyen Van Thieu took oath of office as 1st President of South Vietnam 2nd Rep

1968 – President Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam

1969 – Race riot in Jacksonville Florida

1972 – Gaylord Perry wins AL Cy Young award

1973 – Tom Seaver wins NL Cy Young Award

1974 – Ted Bundy victim Laura Aime disappears in Utah

1974 – Durch Marines end hostage crisis in Scheveningen prison

1975 – Bob Geldof’s 1st appearance with Boomtown Rats

1980 – Julian Nott sets world hot-air balloon altitude record (16,806 m)

1980 – Polish government recognizes Solidarity trade union

1981 – 1st live radio drama in 25 years (Halloween Story on NBC)

1983 – Ron Grant completes a 217 day, 8,316 mile run around Australia

1984 – Puerto Rican tanker, San Francisco explodes spilling 2 million gallons of oil as ship caught fire

1984 – Indian PM Indira Gandhi is assassinated by her bodyguards Satwant Singh and Beant Singh at her home in New Delhi

1987 – 1st jockey to win 9 races in 1 day (Chris Antley at Belmont)

1988 – 19°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct

1988 – 1st Monday Night NFL game in Indianapolis, Colts beat Denver 55-23

1988 – Journalists demand greater press freedom in Yugoslavia

1992 – Don Keller makes his 18,000th sky dive

1992 – Roman Catholic church reinstates Galileo Galilei after 359 years

1993 – 25 people killed during Ghana-Ivory Coast soccer match

1997 – British au pair Louise Woodward, 19, sentenced to life in death of Matthew Eappen 8½ months (judge changes to time served)

1999 – Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.

2000 – The last Multics machine was shut down.

2002 – A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas formally indicted former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.

2011 – The world population reaches 7 billion inhabitants according to the United Nations

 

 

 

 

Births

1291 – Philippe de Vitry, French composer/poet

1345 – Ferdinand I, the wise one, king of Portugal (built navy)

1424 – Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, king of Poland/Hungary

1538 – Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (d. 1607)

1622 – Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (d. 1694)

1632 – Jan Vermeer, Holland, painter (Procuress, Astronomer), (d. 1675)

1692 – Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist (d. 1765)

1737 – James Lovell, American educator (d. 1789)

 

 

 

1740 – William Paca, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

 

1755 – Jean Louis van Aelbroeck, Flemish agronomist

1825 – Raleigh Edward Colston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896

1826 – Hugh Boyle Ewing, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1905

1827 – Richard Morris Hunt, American educator (d. 1895)

1831 – Daniel Butterfield, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1901

1835 – Adelbert Ames, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1933

1835 – J F W Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905)

1847 – Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (2-fasenmotor)

1887 – Chiang Kai-shek, Chekiang Province China, pres of Nationalist China

1888 – George Hubert Wilkins, Aust, polar explorer (Flying the Arctic)

1895 – Basil H Liddell Hart, English military historian/publicist

1902 – Willie Shaw, race car driver (Indy 500-1937, 39, 40)

1906 – Jo Vis, resistance fighter (Yad Vashem-distinction)

1912 – Dale Evans, [Frances Butts], Uvalde Tx, cowgirl (Roy Rogers Show)

1912 – Ollie Johnston, American animator (d. 2008)

1920 – Dick Francis, Wales, jockey/detective writer (Whip Hand, High Stakes)

1920 – Helmut Newton, German photographer (d. 2004)

1922 – Norodom Sihanouk, King/President/Premier of Cambodia (My War with the CIA), (d. 2012)

1922 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist (d. 2004)

1925 – Lee Grant [Lyova Haskell Rosenthal], New York City, New York, American actress (Shampoo, Mulholland Drive)

1925 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)

1930 – Michael Collins, Rome, Mjr Gen USAF/astronaut (Gemini 10, Apollo 11)

1931 – Dan Rather, Wharton, Texas, American journalist and news anchor (CBS Evening News, 60 Minutes)

1936 – Michael Landon, Forest Hills NY, actor (Bonanza, Highway to Heaven)

1941 – Lucas Brown Jackson, San Marcos Tx, basketballer (Olympic-gold-1964)

1941 – Derek Bell, British racing driver

1942 – David Ogden Stiers, Peoria Ill, actor (Winchester-M*A*S*H, Doc)

1944 – Deidre Hall, Milwaukee, actress (Days of our Lives, Our House)

1944 – Kinky Friedman, Palestine Tx, country rocker (Ride ‘em Jewboy)

1944 – Sally Kirkland, NYC, actress (Anna, Sting, Pvt Benjamin, Big Bad Mama)

1945 – Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor

1946 – Stephen Rea, Belfast, Northern Ireland, film and stage actor (Crying Game, Michael Collins)

1947 – Frank Shorter, Munich Germany, US marathoner (Oly-gold/silver-72, 76)

1947 – Russ Ballard, rocker (Argent)

1949 – Bob Selbenberg, rocker (Supertramp)

1950 – Jane Pauley, Indianapolis Indiana, newscaster (Today, NBC Weekend)

 

 

 

1950 – John Candy, Ontario Canada, comedian (SCTV, Uncle Buck)

 

 Videos

 

 

 

1950 – Zaha Hadid, British architect

1950 – Antonio Taguba, US Army Major General

1952 – Bernard Edwards, Greenville NC, bassist (Chicago-Addicted to Love)

1959 – Neal Stephenson, American author

1960 – Reza Pahlavi, Iran, son of Shah of Iran

1961 – Alonzo Babers, Montgomery Ala, 400m/4X400m relay (Olympic-gold-1984)

1961 – Christine Bridged, Australian European class yachter (Olympics-96)

1961 – Larry Mullen Jr, Dublin Ireland, rock drummer (U2-I Will Follow)

1961 – Peter Jackson, Pukerua Bay, New Zealand, film director (Lord of the Rings – Academy Award, Best Director, 2003)

1963 – Dermot Mulroney, Alexandria VA, actor (Samantha, Sunset, Long Gone)

1963 – Mikkey Dee, Swedish musician, drummer for Motörhead

1964 – Colm Ó Cíosóig, Irish drummer (My Bloody Valentine, Hope Sandoval & the Warm Inventions)

1964 – Darryl Worley, American country singer

1966 – Ad-Rock, [Adam Horowitz], rocker (Beastie Boys-You Gotta Fight)

1967 – Vanilla Ice, American rapper (Ice Ice Baby) and actor (Cool as Ice)

1970 – Linn Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)

1970 – Rogers Stevens, American guitarist (Blind Melon)

1970 – Mitch Harris, American guitarist (Napalm Death, among others)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1147 – Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (bc. 1090)

1448 – Johannes VIII Palaeologus, Emperor of Byzantine, dies

1517 – Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)

1556 – John Sleidanus, German humanist/historian (Commentary), dies at 50

1641 – Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral and privateer, dies at about 41

1659 – John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)

1723 – Cosimo III de’ Medici, monarch of Florence (1670-1723), dies at 81

1793 – Pierre V Vergniaud, French politician/police leader, guillotined at 40

1879 – Big Snake, brother of Ponca chief Standing Bear, dies

 

 

1879 – Joseph Hooker, American General (b. 1814)

 

 

 

 

1920 – Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (b. 1854)

1926 – Harry Houdini, [Erich Weisz], magician, dies in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured

1964 – Theodore C Freeman, astronaut, dies at 34 in a T-38 jet air crash

1968 – Ramon Novarro, [Jose RG Samaniegos], actor (Ben Hur), dies at 69

1983 – George S Halas, NFL coach (Chicago Bears), dies at 88

1984 – Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, assassinated by two of her bodyguards at 66

1986 – Robert S Mulliken, US physicist (Nobel 1966), dies at 90

1987 – Joseph Campbell, mythologist (Mythic Image), dies at 83

1988 – John Houseman, actor (Paper Chase, Fog), dies of spinal cancer at 86

1991 – Bert Bertram, actor (How to Steal a Million), dies of cancer at 97

1991 – Joseph Papp, Broadway producer (Chorus Line), dies of cancer at 70

 

 

1993 – Edwin A Walker, US Maj-Gen, dies of lung cancer at 84

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – Federico Fellini, director (La Dolce Vita), dies of stroke at 73

1993 – River Phoenix, actor (Stand By Me), dies of drug overdose at 23

1994 – Lester Sill, pioneer music publisher/record producer, dies at 76

1995 – Rosalind Cash, actress (Emma-Go Tell It on the Mountain), dies at 56

2000 – Ring Lardner, Jr., American screenwriter (b. 1915)

2002 – Raf Vallone, Italian actor (b. 1916)

2005 – Hal Anger, American biophysicist (b. 1920)

2006 – Pieter Willem Botha, President of South Africa (b. 1916)

2010 – Theodore Sorensen, American lawyer and special counsel to John F. Kennedy (b. 1928)

 

 

Happy Halloween !

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

637 – Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge.

701 – John VI of Greece begins his reign as Catholic Pope

942 – Alberic nominates Pope Marinus II (Martinus III)

1077 – German king Henry IV gives away bisdom Utrecht county Staveren

1137 – Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.

1270 – The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ends by agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.

1340 – Battle of Rio Salado.

1389 – French king Charles VI visits pope Clemens VII

1468 – Charles the Stout occupies & plunders Luik

1470 – Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle.

1485 – Henry VII of England crowned at Westminster Abbey, London

1489 – Peace of Tours, between emperor Maximilian I & Flemings

1502 – Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut for the second time.

1534 – English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the English church – a role formerly held by the Pope

1768 – 1st Methodist church in US initiated (Wesley Chapel, NYC)

1772 – Capt Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Capetown

1775 – 1st navy in US forms

1864 – Helena, Montana’s capital, founded

1866 – Jesse James gang robs bank in Lexington Missouri ($2000)

1873 – P T Barnum’s circus, “Greatest Show on Earth,” debuts (NYC)

1888 – John J Loud patents ballpoint pen

1893 – Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890

1894 – Daniel Cooper patents time clock

 

 

 

1899 – Battle at Ladysmith Natal: Boers beat lt-general Whites army

 

 

 

 

 

 

1901 – Battle at Bakenlaagte: lt-col Bensons unit vs Boers

1905 – Tsar of Russia accepts 1st Duma (Parliament)

1914 – Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium) begins

1917 – British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

1922 – Benito Mussolini forms government in Italy

 

 

 

1938 – Orson Welles panics a nation with broadcast ofWar of the Worlds

 

 

 

 

 

 

1939 – German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard

1941 – USS Reuben James torpedoed by Germans, even though US is not in war

1942 – 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault

1943 – Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN

1944 – Anne Frank (of Diary fame) is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

1944 – Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau

1944 – Scottish Highlanders liberate Waalwijk

1944 – Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II

1947 – 23 countries sign GATT agreement in Geneva

1948 – Operation Hiram: Israelis take control of Galilee

1952 – Clarence Birdseye sells 1st frozen peas

1953 – Dr Albert Schweitzer & Gen George C Marshall win Nobel Peace Prize

1954 – Defense Department announces elimination of all segregated regiments

1956 – Israel captures Egyptian militay post at El-Thamad

1957 – Soviet Union launches, Sputnik II, carrying a dog named Laika

1960 – Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.

1965 – Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Las Cruces Golf Open

1965 – Fireworks explosions kill 50 in Cartagena, Colombia

1968 – Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)

1968 – Nobel prize for physics awarded to Luis Alvarez (bubble chamber)

1972 – Worst US rail accident in 14 years; 45 die in Chicago

1973 – Tom Seaver becomes 1st non-20-game winner to win Cy Young award

1974 – California Angel Nolan Ryan throws fastest recorded pitch (100.9 MPH)

1974 – Catfish Hunter is named AL Cy Young Award

1974 – Muhammad Ali KOs George Foreman in 8th round in Kinshasa Zaire (‘The Rumble in the Jungle’)

1975 – NY Daily News runs headline “Ford to City: Drop Dead”

1977 – Panama 747SP lands after polar flight around Earth in record 54:07

1980 – Honduras & El Salvador settle their boundary dispute

1983 – The first democratic elections in Argentina after seven years of military rule are held.

1987 – In Japan, NEC releases the first 16-bit home entertainment system, the TurboGrafx-16, known as PC Engine.

1988 – 2 gambling clubs & 1 player share 61.38 M California lotto jackpot

1988 – Jim Elliott (US) completes 24-hr paced outdoor race for 548.9 mi

1988 – NY Jets finally beat Pittsburgh Steelers for 1st time

1989 – Smith Dairy at Orrville Ohio, makes largest milk shake (1,575.2 gal)

1990 – England-France complete “Chunnel”

1991 – Colombian government negotiate with M-19-guerrilla

1994 – Thomas Nicely reports bug in Intel’s Pentium-processor on Internet

1995 – Quebec Referendum votes to remain part of Canada

2005 – The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.

2012 – Walt Disney purchases Lucasfilm Ltd and its rights for Star Wars and Indiana Jones for $4.05 billion

 

 

Births

1218 – Emperor Chukyo of Japan (d. 1234)

1391 – Eduard, [Dom Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38)/author

1451 – Christopher Columbus, Genoa Italy on or just before this date. Explorer for Spain of the New World (D. 1506)

1683 – George II [August], King of Great-Britain (1727-60)

1735 – John Adams, Braintree (Quincy) Mass, 2nd president USA (1797-1801)

1807 – James Samuel Wadsworth, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1844 – Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist (d. 1930)

1873 – Francisco Madero, Mexico, revolutionary, president (1911-13)

1880 – Abram F Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal)

 

 

 

1882 – William “Bull” F Halsey, US vice-admiral (WW II Pacific)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1884 – Rudolf Forster, Grobming Austria, actor (Threepenny Opera)

1885 – Ezra Loomis Pound, Hailey Idaho, poet (Cantos), (d. 1972)

1893 – Willi Apel, German/US musicologist (Harvard dictionary of music)

1894 – Jean Rostand, French biologist (d. 1977)

1895 – Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (d. 1964)

1895 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)

 

 

 

1896 – Ruth Gordon, Mass, actress (Rosemary’s Baby, Harold & Maude)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1900 – Ragnar Granit Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)

1904 – Paul D Stoop, US vice-admiral (WW II-Coral Sea)

1906 – Giuseppe Farina, Italian race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1966)

1907 – Albert Rice Leventhal, publisher (Little Golden Books)

1907 – Sol Tax, American anthropologist (d. 1995)

1917 – Ruth Hussey, Providence RI, actress (Another Thin Man, Phila Story)

1918 – Robert Feller, MLB pitcher (Red Sox, led AL in strikeouts 7 times)

1919 – Jane Randolph, actress (Railroaded!)

1924 – Hannelore Weygrand, German FR, equestrian dressage (Oly-silver-1956)

1928 – Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)

1929 – Joan Ganz Cooney, founder (Children’s Television Workshop)

1930 – Clifford Brown, [Brownie], US jazz trumpeter/composer

1931 – David Wilson, director of British Museum (1977-92)

1931 – Dick Gautier, Los Angeles California, actor (Hymie-Get Smart, Mr Terrific)

1932 – Louis Malle, France, director (Atlantic City, Black Moon, Viva Maria)

1933 – Ken Berry, actor (Sam-Mayberry RFD, Vinton-Mama’s Family)

1934 – Hamilton Camp, London, actor (Andrew-He & She, Meatballs 2)

1934 – Frans Brüggen, Dutch musician

1935 – Michael Winner, producer/director (Big Sleep, Death Wish)

1935 – Robert Caro, American biographer

1938 – Ed Lauter, Long Beach, New York, American actor (The Artist, The Number 23)

1939 – Eddie Holland, US singer/songwriter (Jamie, Leaving Here)

1939 – Grace Slick, Chicago, rock vocalist (Jefferson Airplane-White Rabbit)

1939 – Leland H. Hartwell, American scientist, Nobel laureate

1940 – Miguel Calderon-Gomez, Havana, basketball player (Olympic-bronze-1972)

1945 – Henry Winkler, NYC, actor (Fonz-Happy Days, Night Shift)

1946 – Andrea Mitchell, NYC, newscaster (NBC-TV, Summer Sunday USA)

1946 – Robert L “Hoot” Gibson, Cooperstown NY, USN/ast (STS 41B,61C,27,47,71)

1949 – David Green, Melbourne Australia, rock bassist (Air Supply)

1949 – Otis Williams, [Otis Miles], TX, rock vocalist (Temptations)

1950 – Phil Chenier, NBA guard (Wash Bullets)

1951 – Harry Hamlin, Pasadena California, actor (Michael Kuzak-LA Law)

1953 – Alexander Fedorovich Poleshchuk, Moscow, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-16)

1953 – Charles Martin Smith, Van Nuys CA, actor (American Graffiti)

1954 – Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer

1955 – Shanna Reed, KC Kansas, actress (Major Dad, Mirrors)

1958 – Kevin Pollak, SF, comedian (Usual Suspects, Grumpy Old Men)

1962 – Danny Tartabull, Miami FL, outfielder (NY Yankees, Chicago White Sox)

1964 – Sandra H Magnus, Belleville Il, PhD/astronaut

1964 – Howard Lederer, American poker player

1965 – Charnele Brown, East Hampton NY, actress (Kim-A Different World)

1965 – Gavin Rossdale, Kilburn, London, English heavy metal vocalist and actor (Bush)

1970 – James Pedro, Danvers Mass, lightweight judoka (Olympics-bronze-92, 96)

1970 – Ekaterini Voggoli, Greek discus thrower

1970 – Ben Bailey, American host of the game show Cash Cab

1978 – Amanda Swafford, American model

1984 – Eva Pigford, American model

1986 – Thomas Morgenstern, Austrian ski jumper

 

 

 

Deaths

1459 – Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, chancellor of Florence, dies

1553 – Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)

1583 – Pirro Ligorio, Italian architect/painter/archaeologist, dies at 83

1632 – Henri de Montmorency, French duke/plotter, beheaded

1654 – Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (b. 1633)

1685 – Michel le Tellier, French statesman (b. 1603)

1690 – Hieronymus van Beverningk, Duitch general, dies at 76

1787 – Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat, dies at 58

1862 – Ormsby Mcknight Mitchel, US astronomer/Union-general-major, dies at 53

1899 – William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1816)

1912 – James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (b. 1855)

1915 – Charles Tupper, sixth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)

1956 – Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), dies at 83

1959 – Blonde Dolly, [Sybille A J Niemans], society prostitute, dies at 33

1967 – Charles Trowbridge, actor (Mummy’s Hand), dies at 85

1975 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)

1979 – Sir Barnes Wallis, British scientist, engineer and inventor (b. 1887)

1985 – Kirby Grant, actor/singer (Sky King), dies in an auto accident at 74

1988 – John Houseman, actor (Paper Chase), dies at 86

1988 – T. Hee, American animator (b. 1911)

1991 – William Shea, (Shea Stadium namesake), dies at 84

1992 – Joan Mitchell, American painter and printmaker dies of cancer aged 67

1993 – Hernan Heleno Castro, El Salvadorian guerilla leader, murdered

1993 – Paul Grégoire, Archbishop of Montreal (b. 1911)

1995 – Terry Southern, writer, dies at 71

 

 

 

1997 – Sam Fuller, director/writer (Big Red One), dies at 86

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

2000 – Steve Allen, American comedian, author, and composer (b. 1921)

2002 – Jam Master Jay, American rapper and musician (Run DMC) (b. 1965)

2006 – Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist (b. 1926)

2007 – Robert Goulet, American entertainer (b. 1933)

2007 – Washoe, chimpanzee trained in American Sign Language (b. 1965)

2007 – John Woodruff, American athlete (b. 1915)

2009 – Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist and ethnologist (b.1908)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Virus Revived From 700-Year-Old Caribou Feces

 

 

 

 

 

” Researchers have reconstituted a viral genome from centuries-old caribou feces frozen in the subarctic, and they’ve used the ancient viruses to infect lab plants. The findings, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week, offer a rare glimpse of viral evolution. 

  Ancient viruses provide snapshots of past diversity and a way to trace viral evolution, but their concentrations are low and intact samples are rarely successfully isolated from the environment. Cryogenically preserved samples in nature may be an untapped repository of preserved ancient viral genetic material. 

  A team led by Eric Delwart from the University of California, San Francisco, analyzed viral genetic material contained in an ice core obtained by drilling through layers of accumulated caribou feces up to 4,000 years old in a permanent ice patch in the Northwest Territories of Canada. Caribou gather on ice patches to escape pesky flying insects and heat in the summertime. After eating nearby veggies, they deposit feces that contain their DNA, partially digested plant material, as well as viruses—which can remain frozen for millennia.”

 

Read more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

529 BC – The international day of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, who declared the first charter of human rights in the world also known as Cyrus Cylinder.(see UE 10/17 & 10/12)

439 – Vandalen under Genseric occupy Carthago

1268 – Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic church.

1390 – First trial for witchcraft in Paris.

1467 – Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege

1618 – English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.

1658 – Action of 29 October 1658 (Naval battle)

1665 – Battle of Ambuila, where Portuguese forces defeated the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitated king Antonio I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga..

1682 – William Penn lands at what is now Chester Pennsylvania

1727 – Severe earthquake in New England

1792 – Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.

1794 – French troops occupies Venlo

1811 – 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans

1814 – “Demologos,” 1st steam-powered warship, is launched

1833 – 1st US college fraternity to have a fraternity house founded

1863 – Intl Comm of Red Cross forms (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)

1872 – J S Risdon patents metal windmill

1888 – Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for BSA Company

1889 – NY Giants (NL) beat Bkln (AA) in world series 6 games to 3

1889 – Queen Victoria grants Cecil Rhodes rights to Zambezia

1905 – Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fataly injured

1914 – Russia declares war on Turkey

1914 – Turkish warships storm Black Sea

1921 – The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.

1932 – French liner Normandie is launched

1940 – Sec of War Henry L Stimson drew 1st number-158-in 1st peacetime military draft in US history

1942 – 7th day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault(see UE 10/23)

1942 – Alaska highway completed

1944 – 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda Neth

1944 – Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

1945 – 1st ball point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it is patented

1947 – Trial of art forger Han of Meegeren begins in Amsterdam

1948 – Israeli forces liberate Meron & Gush-Hale

1954 – Colonel Nasser disbands Moslem Brothership

1956 – Chet Huntley & David Brinkley, NBC News, team up

1956 – Israeli paratroopers drop into Sinai to open Straits of Tiran

1957 – Hand grenade explodes in Israel’s Knesset (Parliament)

1960 – Chartered C46 carrying Cal State’s football team crashes, kills 16

 

 

 

1964 – Star of India & other jewels are stolen in NY

 

 

 

 

 

1966 – Lunar Orbiter 1 crashes on moon: 6.7°N 162°E

1966 – National Organization of Women founded

1967 – London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.

1969 – Supreme Court orders end to all school desegregation “at once”

1969 – Tom Seaver voted NL Cy Young Award

1975 – Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffer kills 1st victim

1985 – Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multiparty election in Liberia.

1988 – Soviets 1st scheduled shuttle launch (postponed)

1993 – Dow Jones index reaches record 3687.86

1998 – Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, made landfall in Honduras.

1998 – Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.

1999 – Deadliest Indian Ocean tropical cyclone hits Orissa, India. This event was known as 1999 Orissa cyclone ever since.

2002 – Ho Chi Minh City ITC Inferno, a fire destroys a luxurious department store with 1500 people shopping. Over 60 people died and over 100 are missing. It is the deadliest disaster in Vietnam during peacetime.

2004 – In Rome, European heads of state sign the Treaty and Final Act establishing the first European Constitution.

2005 – 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings kill more than 60.

2007 – Argentina elects its first female president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.

2011 – Record-breaking snowstorm in the northeastern United States leaves nearly 2 million residents without power for more than 36 hours.

 

Births

1463 – Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician/philosopher

1507 – Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Spanish viceroy of Neth (1566-73)

 

 

 

1656 – Edmund Halleyastronomer (Halley’s Comet) [NS=Nov 8]

 

 

 

 

 

1682 – Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (d. 1761)

1690 – Martin Folkes, English antiquarian (d. 1754)

1704 – John Byng, British admiral (d. 1757)

1740 – James Boswell, Scotland, Samuel Johnson’s biographer

1824 – Joseph Horace Lewis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1904

1827 – Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (d. 1907)

1844 – Albert von Rothschild, Austrian banker

1857 – Conrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal)

1859 – Charles Ebbets, (namesake of Ebbets Field, Brooklyn)

1891 – Fanny Brice, NYC, singing comedienne (Ziegeld Follies, Baby Snooks)

1899 – Akim Tamiroff, Tiflis Russia, actor (For Whom the Bell Tolls)

1906 – Fredric [William] Brown, US, sci-fi author (Martians Go Home)

1911 – Phillip Jack Oppenheimer, diamond trader

1920 – Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist, Nobel laureate

 

 

 

1921 – Bill Mauldin, NMpolitical cartoonist (Pulitzer-1945, 59) (WW II Army grunts)

 

 

 

 

 

 1923 – Dietrich Manicke, composer

1923 – Carl Djerassi, Austrian chemist

1925 – Geraldine Brooks, NYC, actr (Faraday & Co, Dumplings, Act of Murder)

 

 

 

1925 – Zoot Simsjazzman , saxophone player 

 

You Go To My Head

Blues for Two with Joe Pass

Zoot’s Theme

Autumn Leaves

 

 

 

 

1925 – Dominick Dunne, American author

1925 – Robert Hardy, English actor

1926 – Jon[athan Stewart] Vickers, Prince Albert, Canada, tenor

1930 – Peter Stampfel, rocker

1936 – Akiko Kojima, Japanese model

1940 – Galen Weston, English/Canadian industrial/multi-millionaire

1944 – Denny Laine, [Brian Hines], rock guitarist (Moody Blues, Wings)

 

 

 

1946 – Peter Green, [Peter Greenbaum], Londonrocker, bluesman (Fleetwood Mac)

 

 

Jumping at Shadows                       The Thrill Is Gone

Black Magic Woman                        BATH FESTIVAL 1970 with John Mayall

 Like it This Way                               Born Under A Bad Sign

1948 – Kate Jackson, Birmingham Ala, actress (Rookies, Charlie’s Angels)

1949 – Paul Orndorff, wrestler (WCW/SMW/NWA/WWF, Mr Wonderful)

1949 – James Williamson, American guitarist

1952 – Valeri I Tokarev, Russian colonel/cosmonaut

1953 – Denis Potvin, Ottawa Ontario, NY Islander defenseman (Norris trophy)

1956 – Wilfredo Gómez, Puerto Rican boxer

1957 – Dan Castellaneta, American voice actor, Best known as the voice of Homer Simpson

1958 – David Remnick, American writer and editor of The New Yorker

1959 – Finola Hughes, London, actress (Anna-General Hospital, Staying Alive)

1960 – Michael Carter, Dallas Tx, shot putter (Olympic-silver-1984)

1961 – Randy Jackson, Gary In, rocker (Jackson 5-ABC)

1967 – Joely Fisher, LA California, actress (Paige-Ellen)

1967 – Beth Chapman, Star of Dog the Bounty Hunter

1967 – Rufus Sewell, English actor

1968 – Johann Olav Koss, speed skater (Olympics-3 gold-1994)

1969 – Eleni Menegaki, Greek TV presenter

1970 – Chris Thorpe, Waukegan Ill, doubles luger (Olympics-1994)

1971 – Daniel J. Bernstein, American professor

1972 – Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur

1972 – Gabrielle Union, American actress

1974 – R A Dickey, Nashville Tenn, baseball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)

1974 – Renata Hornofova, Miss Universe-Czech Republic (1996)

1974 – Michael Vaughan, English cricketer

1975 – Kelly Lin, Chinese actress

1976 – Claudia Dopf, Miss Peru Universe (1997)

1981 – Amanda Beard, Newport Beach CA, 100m/200m breaststroke (Oly-2 silv-96)

1983 – Johnny Lewis, Los Angeles, California, actor ( Sons of Anarchy, Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

Deaths

490 – Petrus Mongus, patriarch of Alexandria, dies

1038 – Aethelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury

1138 – Bolesław III Krzywousty, Duke of Poland (b. 1086)

1268 – Conradin, Duke of Swabia (executed) (b. 1252)

1268 – Frederick I, Margrave of Baden (beheaded) (b. 1249)

 

 

 

1618 – Sir Walter RaleighEnglish scholar/poet/historianbeheaded for treason

 

 

 

 

 

1650 – David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)

1783 – Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d’Alembert, French philosophe/mathematician, dies at 66

1822 – Dirk van Hogendorp, Dutch earl/general/minister of War, dies at 61

 

 

 

1877 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate generaldies at 56

 

 

 

 

 

1885 – George B McClellanUnion army generaldies at 58

 

 

 

 

 

1885 – James Hannington, English missionary, murdered in Uganda

1901 – Leon Czolcosz, assassin of President McKinley, is electrocuted

1911 – Joseph Pulitzer, American newspaperman, dies in Charleston, SC

1933 – Paul, [Prudent] Painlevé, French mathematician/minister/premier, dies

1939 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (b. 1864)

1947 – Frances Cleveland Preston, former 1st lady (1885-89 93-97), dies at 83

1951 – Robert G Aitken, US astronomer (New General Catalogue), dies at 86

1957 – Louis B Mayer, MGM producer, dies at 71

1957 – Rosemarie Nitribitt, German call girl (b. 1933)

1958 – Zoe Akins, American playwright (b. 1886)

1963 – Adolphe Menjou, actor (Front Page, Star is Born), dies at 73

 

 

 

1971 – Duane Allmanrock guitaristdies in a motorcycle accident at 24

 

Loan Me A Dime        Whipping Post

Amazing Grace          In Memory Of Elizabeth Reed

Stormy Monday       Studio Jams with Eric Clapton

 

 

 

 

1975 – John Scott Trotter, orchestra leader (George Gobel Show), dies at 67

1985 – John Lodge, actor (Sensation, In Like Flint)/(gov-R-CT), dies at 82

1987 – Woody Herman, bandleader/composer (Thundering Herds), dies at 74

1990 – William French Smith, attorney general (1980), dies at 73 of cancer

1991 – Maria Monica, silent film actress, dies

1992 – Kenneth MacMillan, British choreographer (Manon, Judas Tree), dies

1993 – Raymond Lockhart, TV director (Huntley Brinkley Report), dies at 65

1996 – Patrick Johnson, physicist, dies at 92

1997 – Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan (b. 1930)

2002 – Glenn McQueen, American animator (b. 1960)

2003 – Hal Clement, American writer (b. 1922)

2004 – Peter Twinn, English mathematician (b. 1916)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

306 – Mark Aurelius Valerius Maxentius proclaimed emperor of Rome

312 – Emperor Constantine the Great beats rivaal Maxentius

969 – Byzantines troops occupy Antioch Syria

1061 – Emperor disposes of bishop Cadalus & Pope Honorius II

1422 – Charles V’s son succeeds him as king Charles VII of France

1467 – Battle at Brustem: Charles the Stoute beats the Luikenaars

1516 – Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.

1531 – Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad’s control.

1538 – The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.

1628 – Hugenot bulwark La Rochelle surrenders to Cardinal Richelieu

1636 – Harvard University (Cambridge Mass) founded

1664 – The Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.

1740 – Ivan VI becomes czar of Russia [OS=Oct 17]

 

 

 

1776 – Battle of White PlainsWashington retreats to NJ

 

 

 

 

1790 – NY gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000

1793 – Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin

1834 – The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.

1846 – Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die

 

 

 

1863 – Battle at Wauhatchie Georgia865 killed or injured

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri

1864 – Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends after 1554 casualties

1886 – Statue of Liberty dedicated by Pres Grover Cleveland, it is celebrated by 1st confetti (ticker tape) parade in NYC

1914 – German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea

1919 – Volstead Act passed by Congress, start prohibition over Wilson’s veto

1922 – 1st coast-to-coast radio broadcast of a football game

1922 – Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy’s government

1927 – Josip Broz (Tito) begins 7 months jail sentence in Croatia

1929 – Dow Jones plummets 38.33 pts (13%) to 260.64

1936 – FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

1939 – Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland

1940 – Greece successfully resists Italy’s attack

1940 – Meeting between Hitler & Benito Mussolini in Florence

1942 – 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery( see UE 10/23)

1943 – U-220 sinks

1944 – Russia & Bulgaria sign weapon pact

1946 – German rocket engineers begin work in USSR

1948 – Flag of Israel is adopted

1952 – Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Women’s Texas Golf Open

1954 – Ernest Hemingway wins Nobel prize for literature

1959 – Buffalo Bills enter AFL

1961 – Ground broken for Municipal (Shea) Stadium for NY Mets

1962 – Khrushchev orders withdrawal of missiles from Cuba, ending crisis

1962 – NY Giant YA Tittle passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash Redskins (49-34)

1965 – Gateway Arch (630′ (190m) high) completed in St Louis, Missouri

1971 – England becomes 6th nation to have a satellite (Prospero) in orbit

1974 – Luna 23 launched (landing on Moon)

1982 – NASA launches RCA-E

 

 

 

1986 – The centennial of the Statue of Liberty’s dedication is re-celebrated in New York Harbor.

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen gives $10 million to U Wash library

1992 – Lee Jang Rim predicts that today would be the end of the world!

1994 – Japanese space probe Sakigake passes Earth for 3rd time

1995 – Horse Racing Breeders’ Cup Champs: Cigar, Desert Stormer, Inside Information, My Flag, Northern Spur, Ridgewood Pearl, Unbridled’s Song

1998 – An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.

 

 

 

2005 – Plame affair: Lewis LibbyVice-president Dick Cheney’s chief of staffis indicted in the Valerie Plame caseLibby resigns later that day.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2006 – Funeral service for the peace of the executed at Bykivnia forest, outside of Kiev, Ukrainewith reburial of 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s – early 1940s

 

 

 

 

 

2009 – The 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing kills 117 and wounds 213.

2009 – NASA successfully launches the Ares I-X mission, the only rocket launch for its later-cancelled Constellation program.

 

 

Births

1017 – Henry III, Roman Catholic German emperor (1046-56)

1466 – Desiderius Erasmus, Holland, humanist and theologian (The Praise of Folly), (d. 1536)

1510 – Francisco Borgia, great grandson of pope Alexander VI/theologist/saint

1585 – Cornelius Otto Jansen, France, Roman Catholic reform leader

 

 

 

1691 – Peder TordenskjoldNorwegian naval hero (d. 1720)

 

 

 

 

 

1697 – Canaletto, Italian artist (d. 1768)

1703 – Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (d. 1768)

 

 

 

1793 – Eliphalet RemingtonUS gun maker (UE 08/12)

 

 

 

 

 

1804 – Pierre F Verhulst, Belgium, mathematician (logistic curve)

1810 – Adley Hogan Gladden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1834 – Dudley McIver DuBose, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883

 

 

 

1837 – Tokugawa YoshinobuJapan’s last shogun (d. 1913)

 

 

 

 

 

1845 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)

1846 – Auguste Escoffier, king of chefs & chef of kings

1855 – Ivan V Mitshurin, Russian botanist (new types of fruit)

1864 – Adolfo Camarillo, prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher (d. 1958

1875 – Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, American geographer and editor (d. 1966)

1891 – Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (d. 1920)

1892 – Eduard J Dijksterhuis, Dutch mathematician/historian (Fall & Throw)

1897 – Hans Speidel, nazi chief-staff/NATO-supreme commander

1902 – Elsa Lanchester, Lewisham London, actress (Bride of Frankenstien)

1903 – Evelyn A Waugh, London, author (Brideshead Revisited, Scoop)

1907 – Edith Head, fashion designer (MGM)

1909 – Francis Bacon, Ireland, painter (Study for a Pope)

 

 

 

1914 – Jonas SalkNYCmedical researcher (polio vaccine)

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – Richard Lawrence Millington Synge, British bio-chemist (Nobel 1952)

 

 

 

1917 – Jack SooAmerican actor (d. 1979)

 

The Jack Soo Retrospective Part 1

Jack Soo,  Retrospective  Part 2

Jack Soo, A Retrospective – Part 3

 

 

 

 

1922 – Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball coach (d. 2007)

1924 – Antonio Creus, Spanish racecar driver (d. 1996)

1925 – Leonard Starr, comic strip cartoonist (Little Orphan Annie)

1926 – Bowie Kuhn, baseball commissioner (1969-1984)

1928 – Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian general

1929 – 1st child born in aircraft, Miami, Florida

1929 – Joan Plowright, Brigg England, actress (Brimstone & Treacle)

 

 

 

1930 – Bernie EcclestoneEnglish motorsports impresario (F1)

 

 

 

 

 

1936 – Charlie DanielsWilmington NCsinger (Devil Went Down to Georgia)

 

Long Haired Country Boy

Orange Blossom Special with Eugene Fodor

The South’s Gonna Do it Again

Still in Saigon

 

 

 

 

1936 – Ted Hawkins, singer/guitarist

1937 – Lenny Wilkins, NBA player/coach (Seattle, Cleveland, Atlanta)

1938 – Anne Perry, English-born novelist

1940 – Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov, cosmo (Soyuz T-3, T-8, T-11, TM-21)

1940 – Susan Harris, American television writer and producer

1942 – Kees Verkerk, skater World Champion (1967)/(Olympics-gold-68)

1943 – Charo López, Spanish actress

1944 – Dennis Franz, Maywood Ill, actor (Buntz-Hill Street Blues, NYPD Blue)

1944 – Anton Schlecker, German billionaire

1948 – Ricki Lee Reynolds, country singer (Black Oak Arkansas)

1948 – Valeri Viktorovich Baberdin, Russian colonel/cosmonaut

1949 – Bruce Jenner, Mt Kisco NY, decathalete (Olympic-gold-1976)

1950 – Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist

1952 – Annie Potts, Nashville TN, actress (Mary Jo-Designing Women)

1953 – Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman and hockey executive

 

 

 

1955 – Bill Gates [William Henry], Seattle Washbillionaire founder/CEO (Microsoft)

 

 

 

 

 

1956 – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran

1962 – Daphne Zuniga, SF CA, actress (Jo Reynolds-Melrose Place, Spaceballs)

1964 – Paul Wylie, figure skater (Olympic-silver)

1965 – Jami Gertz, Chicago, actress (Less the Zero, Crossroads, Solarbabies)

1966 – Andy Richter, Yorkville IL, writer/sidekick (Conan O’Brien)

1966 – Kaylynn Hick, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1967 – Julia Roberts, Smyrna Georgia, actress (Mystic Pizza, Pretty Woman)

1967 – Kevin Macdonald, Scottish film director

 

 

 

1972 – Brad PaisleyAmerican Country musician

 

Letter To Me

I’m Gonna Miss Her

I’m Still A Guy

He Didn’t Have To Be

 

 

 

 

1974 – Joaquin Leaf Phoenix, PR, actor (Russkies, Space Camp)

 

 

Deaths

312 – Maxentius, Roman emperor (b. c. 278)

 

 

 

899 Alfred the GreatEnglish monarchdies

 

 

 

 

 

1138 – Boleslaw III Kryzwousty, [scheefmond], duke of Poland, dies

1225 – Jien, Japanese poet and historian (b. 1155)

1312 – Elisabeth of Tirol, German queen

1520 – Pier Gerlofs Donia, Frisian pirate and freedom fighter

1568 – Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shogun (b. 1539)

1627 – Djehangir/Jahangir, great mogol of India, dies

1646 – William Dobson, English painter (b. 1610)

1703 – John Wallis, English mathematician/cryptographer (wig of W), dies

 

 

 

1704 – John LockeEnglish philosopher (2 treatises of government), dies at 72

 

 

 

 

 

1740 – Anna Ivanova Romanova, empress of Russia (1730-40), dies at 47

1792 – Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist (b. 1710)

1792 – John Smeaton, British civil engineer (b. 1724)

1800 – Artemas Ward, American politician and soldier (b. 1727)

1818 – Abigail Adams, 2nd first lady (1797-1801), dies at 73

1841 – Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)

1852 – Gerhard M Roentgen, founder Fijenoord dockyard, dies at 57

1877 – Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)

1899 – Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (tuberculosis) (b. 1854)

1916 – Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)

1959 – Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1932)

1965 – Ben Barka, Moroccan opposition leader, kidnapped & murdered in Paris

 

 

 

1965 – Earl BosticAmerican saxophonist (b. 1913)

 

Up There in Orbit

Hello Dolly & Days of Wine and Roses

Misty

Moonglow

 

 

 

 

1975 – Oliver Nelson, American jazz composer and arranger (b. 1932)

 

 

 

1987 – Woody HermanUS jazz clarinetist/composerdies at 74

 

 

 Fanfare For The Common Man

Blues in the Night

Sonny Boy

Caldonia

 

 

 

 

1991 – Dudley McConnell, headed NASA’s Earth Science Division, dies

1991 – Sylvia Fine Kaye, US lyricist/composer, dies at 78

1993 – Doris Duke, heiress (American Tobacco Co), dies at 80

 

 

 

1996 – Morey Amsterdamcomedian (Dick Van Dyke Show), dies at 87

 

Hollywood Palace with Rose Marie

My Psychiatrist Says

Stump the Stars

 

 

 

 

1998 – Ted Hughes, British poet (b. 1930)

2002 – Erling Persson, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1917)

2004 – Jimmy McLarnin, Northern Irish-born boxer (b. 1907)

2005 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)

2006 – Red Auerbach, American basketball coach and executive (b. 1917)

2006 – Trevor Berbick, Jamaican boxer (b. 1955)

2007 – Porter Wagoner, American country singer (b. 1927)

2010 – James MacArthur, American actor (b. 1937)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

740 – An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death.

1366 – Comet 55P/1366 U1 (Tempel-Tuttle) approaches 0.0229 AUs of Earth

1387 – Amsterdam buccaneer Herman of Kuinre sign peace

1407 – Mobs attack Jewish community of Cracow

1492 – Columbus’ fleet anchors on Ragged Island Range, Bahamas

1492 – Lead pencils 1st used

1529 – Thomas More appointed English Lord Chancellor

1662 – Charles II of England sold Dunkirk to France

1667 – Aru Palakka’s occupies Makassar (Goa)

1682 – William Penn accepts area around Delaware River from Duke of York

1774 – 1st Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia

 

 

 

1774 – Minute Men organized in colonies

 

 

 

 

 

1776 – Benjamin Franklin departed from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.

 

 

 

1787 – First “Federalist Papers” publishedcalls for ratification of Constitution

 

 

 

 

 

1795 – Pinckney’s Treaty between Spain & US is signed, establishing southern boundary of US & giving Americans right to send goods down Mississippi

1810 – US annexes western Florida

1825 – Erie Canal between Hudson River & Lake Erie opened

1858 – Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine

1859 – The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.

1861 – Pony Express ends

1863 -Football Association forms  Soccer rules standardized; rugby starts as a separate game

1863 – Worldwide Red Cross organized in Geneva

1864 – Union troops ambush & kill ‘Bloody’ Bill Anderson in Richmond MI

1868 – White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La

1869 – 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)

 

 

 

1881 – Gunfight at OK Corralin TombstoneAz

 

 

 

 

 

1900 – After 4 years of work, 1st section of NY subway opens

1901 – 1st use of “getaway car” occurs after holding up a shop in Paris

1905 – 1st Soviet (workers’ council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia

1905 – Union of Sweden & Norway ends

1916 – Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)

1917 – Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military

1922 – Italian government resigns under pressure from fascists & Benito Mussolini

 

 

 

1940 – The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.

 

 

 

 

 

1941 – US savings bonds go on sale

1942 – 2nd day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal

1942 – 4th day in battle at El Alamein: Australian breakthrough

 

 

 

1942 – Battle of Santa CruzUSS South Dakota  shoots down a record 32 enemy planes

 

 

 

 

 

1947 – The British Military Occupation ends in Iraq.

1949 – President Harry Truman increases minimum wage from 40 cents to 75 cents

1950 – 630 Dutch volunteers depart (on)to Korea

1950 – Mother Teresa founds Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India

1950 – South Korean troops reach Chosan at Chinese boundary

1951 – Emile Zatopek runs world record 30,000m, 25,000m & 15 miles

1951 – Rocky Marciano defeats Joe Louis at Madison Square Garden

1951 – Winston Churchill re-elected British PM

1954 – Chevrolet unveils V-8 engine

1954 – Walt Disney’s 1st television program, “Disneyland,” premieres on ABC

1955 – British troops occupy Saudi-Arabic oil field at Boeraimi

1955 – Ngo Dinh Diem proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as pres

1956 – UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved

1957 – USSR fires defense minister, Marshal Georgi Zhukov

1958 – PanAm flies 1st transatlantic jet trip-NY to Paris

1961 – 1st Saturn launch vehicle made a flight test

1964 – Rolling Stones appear on Ed Sullivan Show

1964 – Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.

1965 – Sylvia Likens tortured by teen girl gang

1966 – 1st Pacific communications satellite launched, Intelsat 2

 

 

 

1966 – US aircraft carrier Oriskany catches fire at Gulf of Tonken43 die

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1968 – Soyuz 3 launched

1970 – “Doonesbury” comic strip debuts in 28 newspapers

1972 – Guided tours of Alcatraz (by Park Service) begin

1972 – Henry Kissinger declares “Peace is at hand” in Vietnam

 

 

 

1973 – Israeli forces reach Suez, trapping Egyptian army

 

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – President Nixon released 1st White House tapes on Watergate scandal

1977 – 5th & final test of space shuttle Enterprise

 

 

 

1977 – The last natural case of smallpox was discovered in Merca district, SomaliaThe WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpoxthe most spectacular success of vaccination.

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Menachem Begin & Anwar Sadat named winners of 1978 Nobel Peace Prize

1978 – Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.

1979 – Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.

1980 – 10th NYC Women’s Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:25:41.3

1980 – 11th NYC Marathon won by Alberto Salazar in 2:09:41

1982 – Steve Carlton became 1st pitcher to win 4 Cy Young awards

1987 – Dow Jones down 156.83 points

1987 – Head of Salvadoran Human Rights Comm assassinated by death squads

1988 – Donald Trump bills Mike Tyson $2,000,000 for 4 month advisory service

1988 – US-Soviet effort free 2 grey whales from frozen Arctic, Barrow, AK

1992 – The command and control system of the London Ambulance Service fails catastrophically.

1994 – Jordan & Israel sign peace accord

1995 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.

1999 – Britain’s House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain’s upper chamber of Parliament.

2001 – The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.

 

 

 

2002 – Moscow Theatre SiegeApproximately 50 Chechen rebels and 150 hostages die when Russian Spetsnaz storm a theater building in Moscowwhich had been occupied by the rebels during a musical performance three days before.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2003 – The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in California history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km²), and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego.

 

 

 

Births

1427 – Archduke Sigismund of Austria (d. 1496)

1473 – Friedrich of Saxony (d. 1510)

1491 – Zhengde, Emperor of China (d. 1521)

1609 – William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)

1645 – Aert de Gelder, Dutch painter (King David)

1684 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (d. 1757)

1757 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)

1759 – Georges Danton, France, revolutionary leader/min of Justice

1768 – Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)

1791 – Charles Sprague, Boston, banker/poet (Curiosity)

1794 – Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (d. 1881)

 

 

 

1800 – Helmuth K B von MoltkePrussian general-fieldmarshal

 

 

 

 

 

1802 – King Miguel of Portugal (d. 1866)

1804 – Lorenzo Thomas, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1875

1824 – Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1830 – Stephen Elliott Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1866

1837 – James Lawlor Kiernan, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869

1849 – Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (d. 1917)

1855 – Charles W. Post, American entrepreneur (Post Cereals) (d. 1914)

1865 – Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (d. 1912)

1874 – Martin Lowry, British chemist (d. 1936)

1888 – Nestor Ivanovich Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader (d. 1934)

1894 – John S Knight, WV, publisher (Knight-Rider)

1898 – Beryl Rubinstein, composer

 

 

 

1911 – Mahalia JacksonNew Orleansgospel singer (Whole World in his Hands)

 

Amazing Grace

PRECIOUS LORD TAKE MY HAND

Newport Jazz Festival 1958 : “Everybody Talkin’ ‘Bout Heaven”, “Didn’t It Rain” ,”The Lord’s Prayer”

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – Don[ald] Siegel, Chicago IL, director (Escape from Alcatraz, Shootist)

1913 – Stuart J[ames] Byrne, US, sci-fi author (Star Man, God Man)

 

 

 

1914 – Jackie CooganLA Californiaactor (Uncle Fester-Addams Family), (d. 1984)

 

 

 

 

The Kid (1921)

“MY BOY”

Uncle Fester

 

 

 

 

1915 – Joe Fry, British racing driver (d. 1950)

1916 – Francois Mitterand, Jarnac France, President of France (1981-95)

 

 

 

1917 – Felix the Catcartoon character

 

Feline Follies (1919) – 1st Felix the Cat Cartoon

Theme Song

Picnic to the Past!

1919 – Edward W Brooke, 1st black senator in over 80 yrs (Sen-R-Mass)

1919 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Aryamehr, Shah of Iran (1941-79)

1924 – Tom F Lewis, (Rep-R-Florida, 1983- )

1925 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch sculptor/novelist (Brief American)

1926 – Yuri Aleksandrovich Letunov, Russia, cosmonaut

1929 – Neal Matthews, Jr., American singer (The Jordanaires) (d. 2000)

1933 – Suzy Parker, San Antonio Tx, model/actress (Chamber of Horrors)

1938 – Charles W Stenholm, (Rep-D-Texas, 1979- )

 

 

 

1938 – Ralph Bakshianimator (Lord of RingsFritz the CatMighty Mouse)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1939 – Vladimir Mikhailovich Beloborodov, cosmonaut

1940 – Mario Orosco, 1st victim of NYC’s Zodiac killer (survives)

1942 – Bob Hoskins, British actor

1945 – Pat Conroy, American writer (Great Santini, Prince of Tides)

1946 – Ivan Reitman, director/producer (Private Parts, Ghostbusters, Dave)

1946 – Keith Hopwood, rock guitarist (Herman’s Hermits)

1946 – Pat Sajak, Chicago, TV host (Wheel of Fortune, Pat Sajak Show)

1946 – Holly Woodlawn, Puerto Rican actress

1947 – HillaryClinton, Chicago, lawyer/1st lady (1993-2001)

1947 – Jaclyn Smith, Houston Tx, actress (Kelly-Charlie’s Angel, Nightkill)

1947 – Ian Ashley, British racing driver

1949 – Kevin Sullivan, wrestler (WCW/ECW/SMW/NWA/Georgia/CWFI)

1950 – Chuck Foreman, NFL running back (Minnesota Vikings)

1951 – Bootsy Collins, Cin, rocker (Parliaments-We Got the Funk)

1951 – Maggie Roche, rocker (Roches)

1953 – Jennifer Roberson, US, sci-fi author (Shapechangers, Sword-Maker)

1953 – Julian Keith Strickland, Athens Ga, drummer (B-52’s-Rock Lobster)

1955 – Stephen K Robinson, Sacramento California, PhD/astronaut (STS 85, sk:95)

1959 – Evo Morales, President of Bolivia

1960 – June Brigman, American comic book artist

1962 – Carey Elwes, London England, actor (Glory, Princess Bride)

1963 – Natalie Merchant, US singer/songwriter (10,000 Maniacs)

1963 – Ted Demme, American film and television director (d. 2002)

1965 – Kelly Rowan, Canadian actress and producer.

1967 – Shelly Stokes, Sacramento California, softball catcher (Olympics-gold-96)

1967 – Keith Urban, New Zealand singer

1971 – Cinnamon Woods, Anderson Ind, diver (Olympics-96)

1973 – Brian Smith, Cedar Rapids Iowa, speed skater (Olympics-1994)

1973 – Taka Michinoku , Japanese professional wrestler

1973 – Seth MacFarlane, American animator

1975 – Katja Riipi, ice hockey left wing (Finland, Oly-98)

1975 – Tammy Cleland, Sanford FL, synchronized swimmer (Olympics-gold-96)

1977 – Jon Heder, American actor

1982 – Adam Carroll, British racing driver

1984 – Sasha Cohen, American figure skater

 

 

 

Deaths

899 – Alfred the Greatwriter/king of Wessex (871-99), dies

 

 

 

 

 

1132 – Floris the Black, brother of earl Dirk VI of Holland, murdered

1235 – Andres II Arpad, King of Hungary (1205-35), dies

1440 – Gilles de Rais, French marshal, killer of 140 children, hanged

1576 – Frederick II the Vrome, ruler of Palts, dies

1633 – Horio Tadaharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1596)

1640 – Pietro Tacca, Italian sculptor/architect, dies at 63

1764 – William Hogarth, British painter (b. 1697)

1773 – Amédée-François Frézier, French military engineer and explorer (b. 1682)

1817 – Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (b. 1727)

 

 

 

1864 – “Bloody Bill” AndersonAmerican Civil War rebel guerrilla leader (b. 1839)

 

 

 

 

 

1866 – John Kinder Labatt, Irish-Canadian brewer (Labatt Brewing Company) (b. 1803)

1868 – B F Randolph, SC state senator, assassinated

1881 – Billy Clanton, brother of Ike, dies

1896 – Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (b. 1827)

 

 

 

1902 – Elizabeth Cady StantonAmerican feminist and suffragette (b. 1815)

 

 

 

 

 

1909 – Horiboemi Ito, Prince of Japan, assassinated by a Korean

1930 – Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (b. 1872)

1931 – Charles Comiskey, baseball team owner (b. 1859)

1936 – Bob Dellemijn, Lourdes-ganger/Franco-volunteer, dies in battle at 18

1937 – Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (b. 1867)

1943 – Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born archaeologist (b. 1862)

1945 – Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)

1945 – Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (b. 1863)

1952 – Hattie McDaniel actress (Gone With the Wind), dies at 57

1965 – Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (b. 1949)

1968 – Erich Von Stroheim, actor/director (Napoleon), dies of cancer at 52

 

 

 

1972 – Igor SikorskyRussian-American aviation pioneer and helicopter builderdies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

1989 – Charles J. Pedersen, American Nobel laureate (b. 1904)

1990 – William Paley, CEO (CBS), dies of a heart attack at 89

1991 – Lori Rae Matthews, crushed to death by an artist’s 485 lb umbrella

1993 – Absolutely Nobody, [David Powers], Wash lt-gov candidate, dies at 37

1994 – Wilbert Harrison, singer, dies at 65

1995 – Georgia Neese Gray, 1st Woman Treasurer of USA, dies at 95

1996 – Gordon Scarrott, engineer, dies at 80

1996 – Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist, dies at 93

1999 – Hoyt Axton, American actor and country music singer-songwriter (b. 1938)

2002 – Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (b. 1979)

2006 – Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and museum director (b. 1924)

2007 – Khun Sa, Burmese warlord (b. 1934)

2008 – Tony Hillerman, American writer (b. 1925)

2010 – Glen “Frosty” Little, American circus clown (b. 1925)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

625 – Boniface V ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1131 – Crowning of Louis VII the Young, King of France

1147 – Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum.

1315 – Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw, led an attack on Liverpool Castle.

 

 

 

1415 – Battle of AgincourtWelsh longbow defeat armored knights

 

 

 

 

 

1492 – Christopher Columbus’ ship Santa Maria lands at Dominican Republic

1555 – Emperor Karel puts son Philip II in charge of Netherlands/Naples/Milan

1621 – Gov Bradford of US colony Plymouth disallows sport on Christmas Day

1671 – Giovanni Cassini discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn

1747 – British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre.

1760 – George III ascends British throne

1764 – John Adams marries Abigail Smith (marriage lasts 54 years)

 

 

 

1812 – US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian

 

 

 

 

 

1825 – Erie Canal opens, linking Great Lakes & Atlantic Ocean

 

 

 

1854 – Charge of Light Brigade (Battle of BalaklavaCrimean War), 409 die

 

 

 

 

 

1854 – Prince Menshikov of Krim occupies British base at Balaclava

1859 – Merchant vessel Royal Charter runs aground at Liverpool, 459 die

1861 – Battle of Wilson’s Creek, MI (Springfield)

1861 – The Toronto Stock Exchange was created.

1864 – Battle of Marais Des Cygnes River, Kansas (Mine Creek)

1864 – Skirmish at Mine Creek, KS & Turkeytown, AL

1870 – Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore

 

 

 

1881 – Wyatt EarpDoc Holliday & The Clantons engage in “Shootout at OK Corral

 

 

 

 

OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp

 

 

 

 

1891 – 1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends

1893 – Battle of Shangani, Matabeleland: Dr Jameson beats Ndebeles

1900 – England annexes Transvaal

1902 – Santa Maria Guatemala hit by Earthquake; about 6,000 die

1906 – US inventor Lee de Forest patents “Audion,” a 3-diode amplification valve which proved a pioneering development in radio & broadcasting

1918 – Canadian steamship “Princess Sophia” hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die

1923 – Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal

1924 – “Little Orphan Annie” comic strip 1st published

1932 – Benito Mussolini promises to remain dictator for 30 years

1935 – Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie & Jacmel Haiti

1942 – 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive(see UE 10/23)

 

 

 

1942 – Battle of Henderson Field Guadalcanal begins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Fieldmarshal Rommel back in North-Africa

1944 – Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink

1944 – Battle at Samar-island

 

 

 

1944 – Battle in Straits of SurigaoJapanese fleet destroyed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek

1946 – 1st trial against nazi war criminals (Neurenberg)

1947 – Sam Breadon sells Cards to Robert Hannegan & Fred Saigh for $4M

1950 – Sukarno appointed president of Republic Indonesia

1951 – Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom

1953 – Coal mine in Seraing Belgium explodes, 26 die

1955 – Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938

1955 – Tappan sells 1st microwave oven

1960 – 1st electronic wrist watch placed on sale, NYC

1960 – Cuba nationalizes all remaining US businesses

1962 – American author John Steinbeck awarded Nobel Prize in literature

1962 – Stevenson demands USSR amb Zorin answer regarding Cuban missle bases saying “I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over”

1964 – Viking Jim Marshall runs 66 yards in wrong direction for a safety

1965 – Rolling Stones release “Get Off of My Cloud”

1971 – General Meeting of UN agrees to admit China PR

1971 – Roy Disney dedicates Walt Disney World

1971 – UN votes to expel Chinese Nationalist-ruled Taiwan & admit Red China

1972 – Eddy Merckx (Belgium) covers 30 miles, 1,258 yards in 1 hr

1972 – Nobel prize for economics awarded to Kenneth J Arrow & John R Hicks

1973 – Chris Wills wins 1st National hang-gliding championship

1974 – Air Force fires 1st ICBM

1976 – Gov Wallace grants full pardon to Clarence Norris, last known survivor of 9 Scottsboro Boys who were convicted in 1931 rape

1978 – Padres Gaylord Perry is 1st to win Cy Young in both leagues (NL)

1980 – Mike Weaver KOs Gerrie Coetzee in 13 for heavyweight boxing title

1981 – George Steinbrenner scuffles with 2 fans in a hotel elevator

 

 

 

1983 – US invades GrenadaOperation Urgent Fury

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – Hepatitis virus is discovered

1986 – International Red Cross ousted from South Africa

1986 – Michael Sergio Parachutes into Shea Stadium during game 6 of WS

1990 – Evander Holyfield KOs Buster Douglas in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

1990 – NY Daily News goes on strike (lasts through March, 1991)

1993 – Airbus A310 of Air Nigeria hijacked, 1 dead

1994 – Susan Smith claims her 2 kids were carjack (she actually killed them)

1996 – Frank, brother of Yank manager Joe Torre, receives a heart transplant

.2001 – Windows XP first became available.

2004 – Fidel Castro, Cuba’s President, announces that transactions using the American Dollar will be banned by November 8.

2009 – The 25 October 2009 Baghdad bombings kills 155 and wounds at least 721.

 

 

Births

1102 – William Clito, Count of Flanders (d. 1128)

1330 – Louis II of Flanders (d. 1384)

1360 – Louis, founder of house of Anjou

1510 – René/Renata de France, duchess of Ferara/daughter of Louis XII

1528 – Seerp Galama, Dutch nobleman/soldier/politician

1683 – Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (d. 1757)

1692 – Elisabeth Farnese, princess of Parma/queen of Spain

1709 – John Wagenaar, Amsterdam merchant/historian, baptised

1800 – Thomas Babington Macaulay, England, poet/historian (Ivry, Naaseby)

1802 – Joseph Montferrand, Canadian logger and strong man (d. 1864)

1811 – Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)

1819 – Zachariah Cantey Deas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1882

1825 – Johann Baptist Strauss, (the younger), Austria, composer (Waltz King)

1838 – Georges Alexandre-Cesar-Leopold Bizet, France, composer (Carmen)

1843 – Gleb Uspensky, Russia, author (Power of the Soil)

1856 – Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936)

1864 – John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (d. 1920)

 

 

 

1869 – John Heismanpioneering football coach/trophy namesake

 

 

 

 

 

 

1877 – Henry Norris Russell, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)

 

 

 

1881 – Pablo PicassoMalaga Spainartist (3 DancersGuernica), (d. 1973)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1888 – Richard E Byrd, Virginia, admiral/polar explorer (1926)

1892 – Leo G. Carroll, English actor (d. 1972)

 

 

 

1902 – Henry Steele CommagerPitts Pahistorian (Atlas of Civil War)

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – Eddie LangAmerican jazz guitarist (d. 1933)

 

PICKIN’ MY WAY with Carl Kress

Perfect

Guitar Blues with Lonnie Johnson

Eddie’s Twister

 

 

 

 

1910 – William Higinbotham, American physicist (d. 1994)

1912 – Jack Kent Cooke, NFL team owner (Washington Redskins)

1912 – Minnie Pearl, [Sarah Ophelia Colley], Tenn, (Grand Old Opry, Hee-Haw)

1913 – Klaus Barbie, gestapo chief (Lyon)

1915 – Ivan M. Niven, Canadian mathematician (d. 1999)

1923 – Bobby Thomson, HR hitter (Giants win the pennant)

1924 – Billy Barty, Millsboro Pa, 3’9″ actor (Under the Rainbow, Foul Play)

1927 – Franklin “Bud” Held, javelin world champ (1949, 51, 53-55)

1928 – Anthony Franciosa, [Papaleo], NYC, actor (Jeff-Name of the Game)

1928 – Marion Ross, Albert Lea Mn, actress (Marion-Happy Days, Bkln Bridge)

1929 – Roger John Tayler, astrophysicist

1932 – Lev Nikolayevich Smirenny, cosmonaut

1935 – Russell Luis Schweickart, Neptune NJ, astronaut (Apollo 9)

1936 – Sir Martin Gilbert, British historian

1940 – Bobby Knight, college basketball coach (Indiana, Olympic-gold-1984)

1941 – Anne Tyler, American writer (Accidental Tourist)

1941 – Helen Reddy, Melbourne Australia, rock vocalist (I Am Woman)

1943 – Roy Lynes, England, rock organist (Status Quo)

 

 

 

1944 – Jon AndersonEnglish rock singer for Yes

 

Roundabout

Close to the Edge

Yours Is No Disgrace

And You And I

 

 

 

 

1944 – James Carville, American political stategist and commentator

1947 – Glenn Tipton, rock guitarist (Judas Priest-Breakin’ the Law)

1947 – John Hall, rocker

 

 

 

1948 – Dan GableWaterloo Iowa68kg freestyle wrestler (Oly-gold-72)

 

 

 

 

 

1948 – Dave Cowens, NBA forward (Boston Celtics, Milwaukee Bucks)

1948 – Daniel Mark Epstein, American poet and biographer

1950 – John Matuszak, Milwaukee Wisc, NFLer (Raiders)/actor (Hollywood Beat)

1953 – Muffin Spencer-Devlin, Piqua OH, LPGA golfer (1985 MasterCard Pro-Am)

1954 – Mike Eruzione, Winthrop Mass, jockey player (Olympics-gold-1980)

1957 – Robbie Macintosh, rock guitarist/vocalist (Pretenders)

1963 – Tracy Nelson, California, American actress (Glitter, Square Pegs, Father Dowling)

1980 – Ilana Goldfogel, Denver Colo, pairs skater (& Erik Schulz)

1984 – Katy Perry [Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson], pop singer (I Kissed A Girl, Waking Up In Vegas)

 

Deaths

304 – Marcellinus, bishop of Rome, dies

625 – Boniface V, Italian Pope (619-25), dies

1047 – Magnus I Godhi, king of Norway/Denmark (1035-47), dies

1154 – Stefanus van Blois, king of England (1135-54), dies

 

 

 

1400 – Geoffrey Chaucerauthor (Canterbury Tales), dies in London

 

 

 

 

 

 

1415 – Anton van Bourgondie, French son of Philip the Stout/duke, dies at 31, Agincourt
1415 – Eduard, duke of York, dies at 45, Agincourt
1415 – Philip of Nevers, French earl, dies in battle, Agincourt
1415 – Robert of Bar, French knight, dies in battle, Agincourt

1604 – Claude de la Tremoille, French duke of Thouars/huguenot, dies

1676 – Justus G Schottel [Schottelius], German linguistic/poet, dies at 64

1845 – Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral, dies at 81

1855 – Willem F earl van Bylandt, military, dies at 84

1892 – Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1892), dies at 60

1902 – Frank Norris, writer, dies at 32

1943 – H van Zanten, guerrilla leader on North Sumatra, executed

1944 – Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed

1957 – Umberto “Albert” Anastasia, US gangster (Murder Inc), dies at 55

1961 – Peter Jensen, co-inventer (loud speaker), dies at 75

1968 – Jean Schlumberger, French writer (Passions), dies

1981 – Ariel Durant, US author (Story of Civilization), dies at 83

1985 – Morton Downey, singer (Star of the Family), dies at 83

1986 – Forrest Tucker, actor (O’Rourke-F Troop, Dusty Trail), dies at 67

1991 – Bill Graham, rock concert promoter (Filmore, Dylan), dies at 60

1991 – Khigh Dhiegh, actor (Forbidden Nights), dies of heat failure at 75

 

 

 

1992 – Roger Millercountry singer (King of the Road), dies at 56

 

Do Wacka Do

Dang Me

King Of The Road with Johnny Cash

England Swings

 

 

 

 

1993 – Mary C Lawton, jurist (CIA’s Agency Seal Medallion), dies at 58

1993 – Philip P Cohen, Doctor (Nobel), dies at 85

 

 

 

1993 – Vincent Priceactor (RavenFly), dies of lung cancer at 82

 

THE RAVEN

Monster Mash

Vincent Price Roasts Bette Davis

SNL Halloween at Vincent Price’s pad

Wreck Of Nazi U-Boat 576, US Freighter Found Off Coast

 

 

 

 

 

” The wreck of a Nazi submarine sunk during World War II has been found off the coast of North Carolina, maritime authorities announced Tuesday.

  U-boat 576 was found just 240 yards from another wreck: the American freight ship, Bluefields, which it torpedoed in the Battle of the Atlantic in 1942.

  The twin wrecks were found just 30 miles off the North Carolina coast, the National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration said.

” Most people associate the Battle of the Atlantic with the cold, icy waters of the North Atlantic,” said David Alberg at the NOAA. “But few people realize how close the war actually came to America’s shores.” “

 

 

“… how close the war actually came to American shores.” is an understatement as the fact is German spies were actually put ashore on the beach in sleepy Amagansett , New York from a sister U-Boat on the night of June 12/13 1942 …

 

 

” Shortly after midnight on June 13th, four trained German saboteurs landed on the beach near the Coast Guard Station at Amagansett, Long Island. They had made the voyage across the Atlantic in a German submarine and had rowed ashore in a collapsible rubber boat containing clothing, explosives, and several thousand dollars in cash. On June 17th, four other saboteurs were similarly landed from a submarine at Ponte Vedra Beach, south of Jacksonville, Florida. On June 27th, J. Edgar Hoover announced the arrest of all eight saboteurs and the discovery of maps and plans for a two year program designed to destroy war plants, railways, water works and bridges in the United States.”

 

 

   Read more about the infiltration in Jacksonville four days later , as well as the landing in Maine in November of 1944 . The report on NOAA’s location of U-576 and the merchant ship Bluefields continues here .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1260 – Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself.

1260 – The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

1360 – The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.

1492 – 24 Jews are burned at stake in Mecklenburg Germany

1596 – -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany

1648 – Treaty of Westphalia ends 30 year war & Holy Roman Empire

1656 – Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant

1681 – Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London

 

 

 

1812 – Napoleonic WarsThe Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – West Virginia seceded from Virginia

1882 – Dr Robert Koch discovers germ that causes tuberculosis

 

 

 

1899 – Battle at RietfonteinSouth AfricaBoers vs British army

 

 

 

 

 

1901 – 1st woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)

1903 – George Sutton becomes billard champ

1904 – 1st NY subway opens

1911 – Robert Scott’s expedition leaves Cape Evans for South Pole

1911 – Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.(see UE 10/05)

1917 – Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army

1922 – Irish Parliament adopts a constitution for an Irish Free State

1924 – Nobel prize for fysiologie/medicine awarded to W Einthoven

1926 – Harry Houdini’s last performance, which was at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan.

 

 

 

1929 – “Black Thursday,” start of stock market crashDow Jones down 12.8%

 

 

 

 

 

1931 – Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion

 

 

 

 

 

 

1931 – George Washington Bridge connecting NY to NJ opens

1938 – US forbids child labor in factories

1939 – Nylon stockings go on sale for 1st time (Wilmington Delaware)

1940 – 40 hour work week goes into effect (Fair Labor Standards of 1938)

1942 – 2nd day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry

1944 – US air raid on Jap battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks

 

 

 

1944 – US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – US capt David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Jap planes in Gulf of Leyte

1946 – A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket takes the first photograph of earth from outer space.

1948 – Bernard M Baruch introduces term “Cold War”

1954 – Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States support to South Vietnam

1956 – Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes PM of Hungary

1957 – The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.

1960 – Disaster on USSR (Baikonoer) launch pad, kills missile expert Nedelin & team (165 die-unconfirmed); USSR claims killed in plane crash

1962 – In Cuban missile crisis, the US blockade of Cuba begins (see UE 10/14)

1963 – Sandy Koufax is unanimous winner of Cy Young Award

 

 

 

1964 – Belgian para’s liberate 1,000 white hostages in Stanleyville

 

 

 

 

 

 

         

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Zambia (N Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1971 – Harry Drake sets longest arrow flight by a footbow (1 mile 268 yds)

1973 – Heavy fog causes 65 car collision killing 9 on NJ Turnpike

1973 – Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus

1976 – Hua Guofeng succeeds Mao as China’s party leader

1980 – Iraqi troops occupies Khorramshar

1980 – Polish government legalizes independent labor union Solidarity

1984 – Steffi Graf plays her 1st pro tennis match

1987 – Bork’s supreme court nomination rejected by senate

1988 – Traveling Wilburys Volume One is released

1988 – Typhoon Ruby sinks Philippine ferry; hundreds drown

1989 – Rev Jim Bakker is sentenced to 50 years for fraud

1998 – Launch of Deep Space 1 comet/asteroid mission

 

 

 

2002 – Police arrest spree killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvoending the Beltway sniper attacks in the area around Washington, DC.

 

 

 

 

 

2003 – Concorde makes its last commercial flight.

2004 – 10 people, including 4 family members of Rick Hendrick, are killed in a plane crash near Martinsville Speedway. The plane was owned by NASCAR team Hendrick Motorsports.

2008 – “Bloody Friday” saw many of the world’s stock exchanges experienced the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.

 

Births

51 – Domitian, Roman Emperor (d. 96)

1378 – David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)

 

 

 

1632 – Antonj van LeeuwenhoekHolland , naturalist (Philosophical Transactions)

 

 

 

 

 

1763 – Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (d. 1839)

1788 – Sarah Josepha Hale, author (Mary Had a Little Lamb)

1794 – Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant

1815 – John Edwards, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894

1830 – Belva Bennett Lockwood, attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court)

1855 – James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (d. 1912)

1868 – Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (d. 1969)

1875 – Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (d. 1958)

1887 – Octave Lapize, French cyclist (d. 1917)

1890 – Chicago Mainbocher, uniform designer (Red Cross, Girl Scouts, Waves)

1891 – Rafael L Trujillo Molina, president/dictator of Dom Rep (1930-61)

1892 – Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter

1894 – Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay, Bengali author (d. 1987)

1903 – Melvin Purvis, American FBI agent (d. 1960)

1904 – Moss Hart, Bronx NY, playwright (You Can’t Take it With You, Act 1)

1906 – Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (d. 1968)

1908 – John Alwyne Kitching, zoologist

1911 – Clarence M Kelley, FBI head

 

 

 

1911 – Sonny TerrySingerBluesman , Harmonica Player

 

 

 

 

Hooray, Hooray, These Women Is Killin’ Me                               Drinkin’ Wine

Crow Jane Blues                                                                    Cornbread and Peas

Key to the Highway with Brownie McGhee                                Midnight Special

Walk On                                                                                    Shoutin’ The Blues

 

 

 

 

1915 – Bob KaneAmerican cartoonist (d. 1998)

 

 

 

 

 

1915 – Roger Milliken, American millionaire

1919 – Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)

1920 – Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician (d. 1996)

1926 – Y A Tittle, AAFC/NFL QB (Baltimore, SF, NY Giants, MVP 1963)

1929 – George H Crumb, Charleston WV, composer (Pulitzer 1968-Echoes of Time)

 

 

 

1930 – Big Bopper, [JP Richardson], Sabine Pass Txvocalist (Chantilly Lace)

 

Chantilly Lace

WHITE LIGHTNING

Bopper’s Boogie Woogie

Purple People Eater Meets the Witch Doctor

 

 

 

 

1932 – Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)

1932 – Robert Mundell, Kingston, Ontario, economist and Nobel laureate (1999)

1936 – Bill Wyman, England, rocker (Rolling Stones-Under My Thumb)

1936 – David Nelson, NYC, actor (Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet)

1940 – David Sainsbury, English billionaire/founder (Dutch Soc-Dem)

1946 – Jerry Edmonton, Canada, rock drummer (Steppenwolf)

1947 – Kevin Kline, St Louis, actor (Sophie’s Choice, Big Chill)

1948 – Dale “Buffin” Griffin, rock drummer (Mott The Hoople)

1960 – Ian Baker-Finch, Nambour Queensland, PGA golfer (1991 British Open)

1960 – Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian (d. 1999)

1960 – Joachim “Jo” Winkelhock, German race car driver

 

 

 

1961 – Susan Leigh StillAugusta Galt cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 83, 94)

 

 

 

 

 

1962 – B D Wong, SF CA, actor (Freshman, Mystery Date)

1966 – Roman Abramovich, Russian oil magnate

1968 – Robert Wilonsky, American journalist

1970 – Rob Leslie-Carter, British Engineer and Project Manager

1980 – Monica, American singer

1980 – Zac Posen, American fashion designer

1981 – Mallika Sherawat, Indian actress

1981 – Tila Tequila, American model

1983 – Brian Vickers, American race car driver

1983 – Adrienne Bailon, American actress and singer

1983 – Keyshia Cole, American singer

 

Deaths

996 – Hugo Capet, king of France (987-96), dies at 58

1375 – King Valdemar IV of Denmark (b. 1320)

 

 

 

1537 – Jane Seymour3rd wife of Henry VIIIdies

 

 

 

 

 

1579 – Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria, dies at 51

 

 

 

1601 – Tycho Braheastronomerdies in Prague at 54

 

 

 

 

 

1669 – William Prynne, English Puritan leader (b. 1600)

1672 – John Webb, English architect (b. 1611)

1708 – Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician

1821 – Elias Boudinot, American President of the Continental Congress (b. 1740)

 

 

 

1852 – Daniel Websterlawyer/speaker/minister of Foreign affairsdies at 70

 

 

 

 

 

1860 – Elie Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician, dies at 80

1864 – James Jay Archer, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 46

1875 – Raffaello Carboni, Italian writer

1898 – Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (b. 1824)

1915 – Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (b. 1828)

1922 – George Cadbury, British chocolate and cocoa manufacturer (b. 1839)

1929 – Peter J Blok, Dutch historian, dies at 74

1944 – Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)

1945 – Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Min of Defense/PM (1942-45), executed at 58

1957 – Christian Dior, French designer (New Look), dies at 52 in Italy

1966 – Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)

1970 – Richard Hofstadter, US historian, dies at 54

 

 

 

1972 – Jackie Robinson1st black baseball player (Bkln Dodgers), dies at 53

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Ismail Erez, Turkish ambassador, killed by car bomb in Paris

1980 – Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33), dies at 30

1983 – Jessica Savitch, news anchor (NBC-TV), dies at 35

1984 – Edith Massey, actress (Polyester, Pink Flamingos), dies at 66

1985 – Richie Evans, American NASCAR driver (b. 1941)

 

 

 

1991 – Gene Roddenberrycreator (Star Trek), dies of cardiac arrest at 70

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – Ben Scholtens, historian (Gaama Duumi), murdered at 39

1994 – Alexandr Nikolaievich Shelepin, dir of KGB (1958-61), dies

1994 – Raul Julia, actor (Addams Family), dies of stroke at 54

1995 – Ronald Selby Wright, minister, dies at 87

1997 – Don Messick, cartoon voice (Astro-Jetsons, Bamm Bamm), dies at 62

2004 – Randy Dorton, American race car crew member (b. 1954)

 

 

 

2004 – Ricky HendrickAmerican race car team owner (b. 1980)

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist (b. 1913)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-Monty Python TV Comedy Episodes Rediscovered

 

 

 

 

 

” Two episodes of 1960s TV comedy At Last The 1948 Show, which starred pre-Monty Python John Cleese and Graham Chapman, have been found after almost 50 years.

  The ITV programme, which was first screened in 1967, also featured Tim Brooke-Taylor, Marty Feldman and Aimi Macdonald.

  The sketch show was hugely influential for British comedy and led to the creation of Monty Python in 1969.

  The BFI described the discovery as “a crucial find”.

” It represents a key moment in the history of British television comedy featuring the combined talents of some of its greatest exponents,” BFI television consultant Dick Fiddy said.

” These gifted comedians, all in their 20s and 30s, were let off the leash and allowed to experiment with style and content, resulting in shows which have had an enduring influence on comedy worldwide.”

” It was ground-breaking in a sense in that it was very silly,” former Goodie member Brooke-Taylor told the BBC’s Colin Paterson. “

 

Read more at the BBC

 

    Here is the very first episode of this “ground-breaking” English sketch comedy show that paved the way for Monty Python’s Flying Circus .

 

 

 

 

Published on May 16, 2012

” Episode 1 At Last The 1948 Show The classic show that prided and inspired Monty Python Starring John Cleese, Graham Chapman, Tim Brooke-Taylor, Marty Feldman, Aimi MacDonald and David Frost (Executive Producer) Featuring Intro, The Psychiatrist, Secret Service Cleaner, the Pretty Way, Reptile Keeper, The Chartered Accountant Dance and The original classic Four Yorkshiremen sketch “

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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