Category: History


Today In The Past

 

Events

4000 BC – Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only)

193 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.

794 – Charles the Great opens general synod in Frankfurt

1204 – King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen.

1215 – Beijing, then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing.

1283 – Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian/Bull market

1495 – 1st written record of Scotch Whiskey appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller

1533 – Anne Boleyn crowned queen of England

1568 – Duke of Alva oversees beheading of 18 nobles in Brussels as part of Council of Troubles/Council of Blood

1638 – 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Mass

1660 – Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1774 – Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed

1789 – 1st US congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)

1792 – Kentucky admitted as 15th US state

1794 – Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.

1796 – Last of Britain’s troops withdraws from US

1796 – Tennessee admitted as 16th US state

1813 – Capt John Lawrence utters Navy motto “Don’t give up the ship”

1815 – Napoleon swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.

1843 – Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

1845 – Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days

1855 – US adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery

1861 – 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va

1861 – British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War

1861 – Skirmish at Arlington Mills, VA

1862 – 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)

1862 – Gen Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at 7 Pines

1862 – Slavery abolished in all US possessions

1864 – -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign

1864 – Battle of Cold Harbor, VA (Gaines’ Mill, Gaines’ Farm)

1864 – Confederate cruiser The Georgia sold to The English

1869 – Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)

1872 – 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25

1877 – US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico

1879 – Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.

1880 – 1st pay telephone installed

1880 – US census at 50,155,783

1890 – US census at 62,622,250

1907 – -27°F (-33°C), Sarmiento, Argentina (South American record)

1908 – John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days

1909 – Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle

1915 – 1st Zeppelin air raid over England

1916 – German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun

1921 – Race riot in Tulsa Oklahoma (21 whites & 60 blacks killed)

1927 – Peace Bridge between US & Canada opens

1935 – Driving test & license plates introduced in England

1935 – Yanks set solo HR record with 6 beat Boston 7-2

1936 – Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY

1938 – Protective baseball helmets 1st worn by batters

1939 – 1st boxing match to be televised, Lon Nova defeats Max Baer

1939 – British sub “Thetis” sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard

1939 – Retired German Col-gen Gerd von Runstedt returns to service

1940 – Coffee & tea rationed in Holland

1941 – British troops occupy Bagdad Iraq

1941 – NY Giant Mel Ott hits his 400th HR & his 1,500th RBI

1943 – Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die

1946 – 78th Belmont: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:30.8

1947 – OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands

1947 – Photosensitive glass developed

1948 – Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire

1949 – 1st magazine on microfilm offered to subscribers (Newsweek)

1949 – Lucille Ball & Desi Arnaz wed for the second time

1951 – 1st self-contained titanium plant opens (Henderson Nevada)

1954 – Emile Zatopek runs record 6 mile: (27:59.2)/10,000m (28:54.2)

1957 – 1st US runner breaks 4 minute mile (Don Bowden) [see May 5, 1956]

1958 – Charles de Gaulle elected premier of France

1962 – USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 40,420 m

1963 – “El Watusi” by Ray Barreto hits #17

1965 – coal mine explosion in Fukuoka Japan kills 236

1966 – 2,400 persons attend White House Conference on Civil Rights

1968 – 100th Belmont: Gus Gustines aboard Stage Door Johnny wins in 2:27.2

1968 – Simon & Garfunkel’s “Mrs Robinson” hits #1

1969 – Tobacco advertising is banned on Canadian radio & TV

1970 – “Everything Is Beautiful” by Ray Stevens hits #1

1970 – Com Bowie Kuhn reprimands Astro Jim Bouton for writing “Ball Four”

1971 – Ed Sullivan’s final TV show on CBS

1972 – West German police arrest RAF-leader Andreas Baader

1973 – Paul McCartney & Wings release “Live & Let Die”

1974 – “My Girl Bill” by Jim Stafford hits #12

1974 – Bundy victim Brenda Ball disappears from Burien, Wash

1974 – Chemical plant explodes in Flixborough Lincs kills 28 in UK

1974 – The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine.

1975 – California Angel Nolan Ryan 4th no-hitter beats Balt Orioles, 1-0

1975 – Ron Woods replaces Mick Taylor as Rolling Stone guitarist

1976 – Great-Britain & Iceland terminate codfish war

1977 – Russia charges Jewish rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason

1980 – 1st transmission of CNN, Cable News Network

1980 – ANC sets fire to Sasol oil installations in South Africa

1980 – Steve Garvey, hits the 7,000th Dodger home run

1982 – Rickey Henderson is fastest to reach 50 stolen bases in a year

1984 – Netherlands’ Lubbers government gives 48 sites for cruise missiles

1984 – Weightlifter Alexander Gunyashev of USSR snatches a record 211 kg

1985 – “Just A Gigolo/I Ain’t Got Nobody” by David Lee Roth hits #12

1987 – Phil Niekro 314th combines with Joe to have most wins by bros (530)

1990 – Cowboy Channel on cable TV begins transmitting

1990 – Dow Jones Avg hits a record high of 2,900.97

1992 – E Lamps (20 year lightbulb) introduced

1993 – Connie Chung joins Dan Rather as anchors of CBS Evening News

1994 – Guns n Roses drummer Matthew Sorum files to divorce Kai

1997 – 1st NY Women Film Festival opens

2001 – Dipendra of Nepal slaughters his family during dinner.

2001 – Dolphinarium massacre: an Hamas suicide bomber kills 21 at a disco in Tel Aviv.

2003 – The People’s Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam.

2007 – Jack Kevorkian is released from prison after serving eight years of his 10-25 year prison term for second-degree murder in the 1998 death of Thomas Youk, 52, of Oakland County, Michigan.

2007 – Smoking is banned from United Kingdom’s public places.

2009 – General Motors files for chapter 11 bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history.

2012 – New York Mets pitcher Johan Santana pitches a no-hitter against the St. Louis Cardinals

 

 

Births

1076 – Mstislav I of Kiev (d. 1132)

1300 – Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)

1480 – Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)

1503 – Wilhelm von Grumbach, German lt col

1549 – Allesandre Spontone, composer

1563 – Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, English prime minister (1598-1612)

1633 – Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (d. 1687)

1675 – Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)

1765 – Christiane Vulpius, wife of Johann W von Goethe

1780 – Karl von Clausewitz, Prussian strategist

1790 – Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi/learned (Ereg miliem)

1801 – Brigham Young, painter/religious leader (Mormon church)/polygamist

1806 – John Buchanan Floyd, Ex-Sect of War (Union), died in 1863

1825 – John Hunt Morgan, Brigadier General (Confederate cavalry commander)

1831 – John Bell Hood, Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879

1833 – John Marshall Harlan, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1911)
1843 – Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)

1844 – Galusha Pennypacker, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1916

1844 – John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)

1887 – Clive Brook, London England, actor/director (List of Adrian Messenger)

1890 – Frank Morgan, [Francis P Wupperman], NYC, actor (Wizard of Oz), (d. 1949)

1898 – Curtis Stevens, US, 2 man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1932)

1898 – Edgar “Cookie” Fairchild, NYC, bandleader (Jerry Colonna Show)

1898 – Molly Picon, NYC, Yiddish actress (Milk & Honey)

1901 – John W Van Duren, playwright (I Remember Mama)

1907 – Frank A Whittle, England inventor (jet engine)

1917 – William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2012)

1921 – Nelson Riddle, Oradell NJ, musical conductor (Batman, Frank Sinatra)

1922 – Abdul Rashid, Pakistan, field hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)

1924 – William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (d. 2006)

1926 – Andy Griffith, Mount Airy NC, actor (Andy Griffith Show, Matlock), (d. 2012)

1926 – Marilyn Monroe, [Norma Jean Mortenson], LA, actress (Some Like It Hot)

1930 – Edward Woodward, Croydon England, actor (Breaker Morant, Wickerman)

1930 – Ty Hardin, Ill, actor (Berserk, PT 109) [or Jan 1]

1930 – John Lemmon, English logician (d. 1966)

1933 – Charles Wilson, (Rep-D-TX, 1973- )

1934 – Pat Boone, Florida, singer/actor (April Love, Cross & Switchblade)

1934 – Sylvia Syms, London, actress (Asylum, Moonraker, Shirley Valentine)

1935 – James George, US, weightlifter (Olympic-silver-1960/bronze-1956)

1935 – Reverend Ike, SC, evangelist minister (Joy of Living)

1937 – Colleen McCullough, Wellington, Australian author (Tim, Indecent Obsession)

1937 – Morgan Freeman, Memphis Tn, actor (Driving Mrs Daisy, Glory)

1939 – Cleavon Little, Chickasha Oklahoma, actor (Blazing Saddles, Toy Soldiers)

1940 – Rene Auberjonois, actor (Clayton-Benson, Star Trek Deep Space 9)

1942 – Tom Mankiewicz, LA California, screenwriter (Diamonds are Forever)

1944 – Robert Powell, England, actor (Jigsaw Man, Shaka Zulu, Secrets)

1947 – Jonathan Pryce, Welsh actor (Evita, Brazil, Praying Mantis)

1947 – Ron Wood, rock guitarist (Faces, Jeff Beck Group, Rolling Stones)

1947 – Ron Dennis, CBE, F1 team principal (McLaren)

1948 – Tom Sneva, US auto racer (Indianapolis 500-1983)

1953 – Diana Canova, West Palm Beach Fla, actress (Corrine-Soap)

1953 – David Berkowitz, American serial killer (Son of Sam)

1955 – Chiyonofuji, sumo wrestler

1956 – Lisa Hartman Black, Houston, singer/actress (Tabitha, Knots Landing)

1956 – Robin Mattson, LA California, actress (Janet Green-All My Children)

1959 – Alan “Wild”er, English rock vocalist/music (Depeche Mode-Wild!)

1959 – Martin Brundle, British race car driver and F1 television commentator

1960 – Simon Gallup, English bassist (The Cure)

1962 – Sherri Howard, Sherman Tx, 4X400m hurdler (Olympic-gold-1984)

1963 – Mike Joyce, rock drummer (Smiths-Ask, Panic, London)

1964 – Mark Curry, American comedian and actor

1968 – Jason Donovan, rocker/actor (Neighbors)

1970 – Karen Mulder, Dutch supermodel

1972 – Cheryl Abplanalp, Bryn Mawr Penn, team handball wing (Olympics-1996)

1973 – Heidi Klum, Bergisch Gladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia, German supermodel

1974 – Alanis Nadine Morisette, vocalist (Jagged Little Pill)

1977 – Richard Williams, British racing driver

1984 – Naidangiin Tüvshinbayar, first Mongolian athlete win gold medal from Olympics

 

 

 

Deaths

195 BC – Gaozu of Han of China

193 – Didius Julianus, ship owner/emperor of Rome (193), murdered at 61

1191 – Philips van de Elzas, count of Vlanderen, dies

1340 – Jan III van Diest, bishop of Utrecht (1322-40), dies

1434 – Władysław II Jagiełło , King of Lithuania and later also Poland, dies (b.1351)

1568 – Duke of Alva and authority of Council of Troubles behead 18 nobles in Brussels for treason and heresy

1568 – Gijsbert van Bronkhorst-Batenburg, calvinist leader, beheaded

1616 – Tokugawa Ieyasu (b. 1543)

1676 – Creutz, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle

1676 – Uggla, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle

1710 – David Mitchell, British admiral (b. 1642)

1769 – Edward Holyoke, President of Harvard University (b. 1689)

1795 – Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist (b. 1744)

1815 – Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)

1823 – Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal, dies at 53

1861 – John Q Marr, US Confederate captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse, the first Confederate death of the war

1864 – Solomon George Washington Dill, poor white ally of blacks, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in SC

1868 – James Buchanan, 15th US president (1857-61), dies at 77

1941 – Hugh S Walpole, British writer (Killer & the Slain), dies

1942 – Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/resistance fighter, executed at 50

1943 – Leslie Howard, actor (Romeo & Juliet), Nazis shot down his plane at 50

1948 – Sonny Boy Williamson, [John Lee], blues player, dies at 34

1952 – John Dewey, US philosopher (Common Faith), dies at 92

1968 – Helen Keller, blind & deaf/author (Let us Have Faith), dies at 87

1971 – Reinhold Niebuhr, US theologist (Nature & Destiny of Man), dies at 78

1973 – Harvey S Firestone Jr, US tire manufacturer, dies at 75

1975 – Steve Prefontaine, 5K (Olympics-4-1972), dies at 25

1980 – Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst (b. 1897)

1986 – Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1958)

1991 – David Ruffin, rock vocalist (Temptations), dies of drug overdose at 50

1996 – Don Grolnick, jazz musician, dies at 48

1999 – Christopher Sydney Cockerell, British engineer and inventor (b. 1910)

2001 – Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

2004 – William Manchester, American writer (b. 1922)

2008 – Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer (b. 1936)

2010 – Lt. Gen. William H. Ginn, Jr., U.S. Air Force officer (b.1928)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

1279 BC – Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.

70 – Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem

1223 – Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River – Mongol armies of Genghis Khan lead by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus and Cumans.

1417 – Jacoba van Bavarian becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen

1495 – Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League

1564 – Battle on Gotland: Lubeck & Denmark beat Sweden

1578 – Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool’s gold, used to pave streets in London.

1621 – Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night

1634 – US colony Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony

1669 – Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.

1790 – US copyright law enacted

1790 – Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.

1837 – Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria

1853 – Elisha Kane’s Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance

1859 – Phila A’s organize to play “town ball” became baseball 20 years later

1861 – Gen Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line

1862 – Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)

1864 – Raid at Morgan’s Kentucky

1868 – 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio

1868 – Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris

1870 – Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)

1878 – German battleship Grosser Kurfurst sinks, 284 killed

1879 – Madison Square Garden opens

1880 – League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI

1884 – Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents “flaked cereal”

1889 – Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn

1891 – Work on trans-Siberian railway begins

1893 – Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)

1900 – US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion

1902 – Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal

1907 – Taxis 1st began running in NYC

1908 – Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)

1909 – 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, NYC)

1910 – Glenn Curtiss flies from Albany to NYC

1911 – R.M.S. Titanic launched.

1912 – US marines land on Cuba

1913 – 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified

1915 – An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London

1916 – Battle of Skagerrak: Brit-German sea battle at Jutland (10,000 dead)

1916 – British battle cruiser Invincible explodes, killing all but 6

1917 – 1st jazz record released (Dark Town Strutters Ball)

1919 – NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic

1926 – Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia

1927 – Ford Motor Company produces last “Tin Lizzie” (begins Model A)

1927 – Tiger 1st baseman Johnny Neun makes an unassisted triple play

1928 – 1st aerial cross of Pacific takes off from Oakland

1930 – Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 AUs of Earth

1931 – 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.

1935 – Quake kills 50,000 in Quetta Pakistan

1937 – German battleships bomb Almeria Spain

1940 – Gen-major Bernard Montgomery leaves Duinkerken

1941 – 1st issue of “Parade” goes on sale

1941 – 41 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton)

1941 – A Luftwaffe air raid in Dublin, Ireland claims 38 lives.

1943 – “Archie” comic strip 1st broadcast on radio

1947 – 79th Belmont: Ruperto Donoso aboard Phalanx wins in 2:29.6

1949 – Charley Lupica begins stay on 4 foot square platform atop a 60′ pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don’t, & stays 117 days)

1950 – Due to rain, Indy 500 shortened to 345 miles, Johnny Parson wins

1955 – Supreme Court orders school integration “with all deliberate speed”

1958 – Dick Dale invents “surf music” with “Let’s Go Trippin”

1961 – Chuck Berry’s amusement park, Berryland in St Louis, opens

1962 – “Tell It To Groucho” last airs on CBS-TV

1965 – Jim Clark becomes 1st foreigner in 49 years to win Indy

1969 – “Gitarzan” by Ray Stevens peaks at #8

1969 – Stevie Wonder releases “My Cherie Amore”

1974 – Israel & Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights

1977 – Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed

1980 – Police & youthful rebels battle in Zurich

1985 – 41 tornadoes hit Northeast US, killing 88

1985 – Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) became a Schedule I drug in the United States.

1989 – “Rambling with Gambling” 20,000th radio program on WOR-AM (NYC)

1989 – 1st presentation of rock n roll Elvis awards

1990 – NYC’s Zodiac killer shoots 3rd victim, Joseph Ponce

1990 – Seinfeld starring Jerry Seinfeld, debuts on NBC as Seinfeld Chronicles

1991 – Sides in Angola sign a treaty ending 16 year civil war

1997 – Donovan Bailey beats Michael Johnson in 150m race

1997 – The Confederation Bridge opens, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick.

2008 – Usain Bolt breaks the world record in the 100m sprint, with a wind-legal (+1.7m/s) 9.72 seconds.

 

 

Births

1443 – Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (d. 1509)

1469 – Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of exploration

1557 – Feodor I (Fyodor/Theodore Ivanovich), Czar of Russia (1584-98)

1640 – Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (d. 1673)

1664 – Giulio Alberoni, Spanish/Italian minister/cardinal

1701 – Alexander Cruden, compiler of a concordance to King James Bible

1744 – Richard Edgeworth, writer, Bath

1819 – Walt Whitman, West Hills, NY, poet (Leaves of Grass)

1835 – Hijikata Toshizō, Japanese military leader (d. 1869)

1837 – Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Mjr General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1837 – William Henry Fitzhugh “Rooney” Lee, Major General (Confederate Army)

1852 – Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (d. 1919)

1872 – Charles G Abbot, US, astronomer (Constant Sun)

1872 – William Heath Robinson, England, illustrator/cartoonist (Don Quixote)

1892 – Gregor Strasser, German pharmacist/NSDAP-Reich organization leader

1894 – Fred Allen, Cambridge Mass, comedian (Fred Allen Radio Show)

1898 – Norman Vincent Peale, Ohio, clergyman (Power of Positive Thinking)

1907 – Valston Hancock, British air marshal

1908 – Don Ameche, Kenosha WI, actor (Cocoon, Trading Places)

1909 – Thor Thorvaldsen, Norway, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1948, 52)

1912 – Henry M “Scoop” Jackson, (Sen-D-Wash)

1912 – Martin Schwarzschild, US astronomer (evolution)

1913 – Peter Gibson, British Rear-Admiral

1921 – Robert Arthur Ley, UK, sci-fi author (Telepath, Power of X)

1922 – Denholm Elliott, London, actor (Alfie, Cuba, Doll’s House, King Rat)

1923 – Clint Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (1949- )

1927 – Michael Sandberg, British CEO (Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corp)

1927 – Red Holloway [James], Helena, Arkansas, jazz tenor saxophonist, (d. 2012)

1929 – Neil Shaw, British CEO (Tate & Lyle)

1930 – Clint Eastwood, SF California, actor (Dirty Harry)/mayor (Carmel, California)

1931 – John Schrieffer, US physicist (Nobel 1972)

1931 – Shirley Verrett, New Orleans, mezzo-soprano (Cassandra-Les Troyens)

1932 – Jay Miner, American microchip designer (d. 1994)

1934 – Bent Peter Rasch, Denmark, canoe (Olympic-gold-1952)

1934 – Jim Hutton, Binghamton NY, actor (Ellery Queen)

1938 – Peter Yarrow, NYC, (Peter, Paul & Mary-Puff the Magic Dragon)

1939 – Terry Waite, Anglican Church envoy/Lebanese hostage

1941 – Johnny Paycheck, Greenfield OH, singer (Take This Job & Shove It)

1941 – Louis J. Ignarro, American pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate

1942 – Happy Hairston, NBA star (Cin, Detroit, LA)

1943 – Joe Namath, PA, NFL QB (NY Jets), $400,000 man (1969 Superbowl)

1943 – Sharon Gless, LA California, actress (Chris Cagney-Cagney & Lacey)

1944 – Mick Ralphs, guitarist (Mott the Hoople, Bad Company)

1945 – Bernard Goldberg‎, American journalist

1946 – Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German director (Marriage of Maria Braum)

1948 – John Bonham, Redditch England, drummer (Led Zeppelin-Stairway to Heaven)

1949 – Steven Kampmann, Phila, actor (Kirk-Newhart)

1949 – Tom Berenger, Chicago IL, actor (Big Chill, Someone to Watch Over Me)

1950 – Edward Barker, cartoonist

1950 – Gregory Harrison, Catalina California, actor (Trapper John, Logan’s Run)

1952 – Karl Bartos, German musician (Kraftwerk, Electronic)

1954 – Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (d. 2000)

1955 – Laura Baugh, Gainesville FL, LPGA golfer (1994 Youngstown Classic-9th)

1955 – Tommy Emmanuel, Australian Guitarist CGP

1960 – Chris Elliott, actor/comedian (Get a Life, David Letterman Show)

1961 – Harry Enfield, comedian (Dermot-Men Behaving Badly, Saturday Live)

1961 – Lea Thompson, actress (Back to the Future, Caroline In The City)

1962 – Corey Hart, Montreal Canada, vocalist (I Wear My Sunglasses at Night)

1963 – Wendy Smith, rocker (Prefab Sprout-2 Wheels Good)

1964 – Scotti Hill, Manhasset NY, rock guitarist (Skid Row-Psycho Love)

1964 – Darryl McDaniels, American musician (Run-D.M.C.)

1965 – Brooke Shields, NYC, model/actress (Blue Lagoon, Suddenly Susan)

1967 – Sandrine Bonnaire, Clermont France, actress (Vagabond, Police)

1971 – Sarah O’Hare, model (Cosmopolitan-Jan 1994)

1974 – Bindi Mansfield, Mooerbank NSW Australia, diver (Olympics-96)

1976 – Colin Farrell, Dublin, Irish actor (In Bruges, Minority Report)

1977 – Scott Klopfenstein, American musician (Reel Big Fish)

1984 – Nate Robinson, American basketball player

 

 

Deaths

455 – Petronius Maximus, senator/Emperor of Rome, lynched

1091 – Hendrik van Verdun, bishop of Luik (1075-91), dies

1198 – Moses ben Solomon Ha-Cohen, rabbi of Mainz, dies

1246 – Isabella of Angouleme, queen of John of England

1349 – Thomas Wake, English politician (b. 1297)

1408 – Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1358)

1504 – Engelbert II, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz, dies

1551 – Aristotele “Basiano” da Sangallo, Italian set designer, dies

1594 – Tintoretto, Italian Mannerist painter, dies at 75

1665 – Pieter J Saenredam, Dutch architectural painter, dies at 67

1799 – Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)

1809 – Ferdinand von Schill, Prussian officer/rebel, dies in battle at 33

1831 – Samuel Bentham, British mechanical engineer (b. 1757)

1832 – Évariste Galois, French mathematician (b. 1811)

1837 – Joseph Grimaldi, greatest clown (king of pantomime), dies at 57

1862 – Robert Hatton, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at about 34

1900 – John Power, Irish baronet/whiskey manufacturer, dies in battle

1906 – King Alfonso XIII, assassinated in Madrid

1910 – Elizabeth Blackwell, 1st woman physician, dies at 89

1916 – Horace Hood, British spy (Battle of Jutland), dies in battle

1942 – Reinhard Heydrich, German protector of Bohemia & Moravia, assassinated

1952 – Walter Schellenberg, German lawyer/headed spy (Venlo), dies

1955 – “Wild Bill” Vukovich, killed in Indy 500

1962 – Adolf Eichmann, Nazi war criminal, hanged at Ramie Prison in Israel at 56

1963 – Carel C van Essen, archaeologist (Art of Ancient Rome), dies at 63

1967 – Billy Strayhorn, American composer, pianist and arranger (b. 1915)

1971 – Reinhold Niebuhr, US theologist, dies at 78

1972 – Walter Freeman, American physician (b. 1895)

1976 – Martha Mitchell wife of former Att Gen John Mitchell, dies in NY at 57

1982 – Jack Dempsey, former heavyweight boxing champ/actor, dies at 86

1986 – James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)

1989 – Terry Drinkwater, CBS news correspondent, dies at 53 of cancer

1993 – Spuds Mackenzie, American advertisement dog

1995 – Tim Mara, owner (NY Giants), dies at 59

1996 – Peter Gordon Dorrell, archaeologist/photographer, dies at 68

1996 – Timothy Francis Leary, Harvard prof/LSD guru, dues of cancer at 75

1997 – Rosie Will Monroe, WW II icon (Rosie the riveter), dies at 76

1997 – James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (b. 1905)

1998 – Charles Van Acker, Belgian racing driver (b. 1912)

2000 – Tito Puente, American musician (b. 1923)

2000 – Johnnie Taylor, American singer (b. 1938)

2001 – Arlene Francis, American television personality (d. 1907)

2004 – Robert Quine, American guitarist (b. 1941)

2006 – Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)

2006 – Lula Mae Hardaway, American songwriter, mother of singer Stevie Wonder (b. 1930)

2009 – Millvina Dean, last living survivor of the RMS Titanic disaster died. (b. 1912)

2010 – Brian Duffy, British photographer and film producer (b. 1933)

2010 – William A. Fraker, American cinematographer (b. 1923)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

Events

1035 – Boudouin V van Rijsel becomes earl of Flanders

1087 – German emperor Henry IV crowns his son Koenraad

1100 – Burchard becomes bishop of Utrecht

1381 – English boer uprising begins in Essex

1416 – Jerome of Prague, burned at the stake for heresy by church Council of Constance

1431 – Hundred Years’ War: in Rouen, France, 19-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal.

1434 – Battle at Lipany

1498 – Columbus departs with 6 ships for 3rd trip to America

1527 – U of Marburg (Germany) founded

1539 – Spanish explorer Fernando de Soto discovers Florida

1574 – Sea battle at Lillo Belgium (Adolf Van Haemstede vs Louis de Boisot)

1631 – France/Maximilian van Bavarian signs Accord of Fontainebleau

1783 – Benjamin Tower of Phila publishes 1st daily newspaper in US

1806 – Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson had accused Jackson’s wife of bigamy.

1814 – Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition – the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.

1821 – James Boyd patents Rubber Fire Hose

1822 – House slave betrays Denmark Vesey conspiracy (37 blacks hanged)

1842 – John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria

1848 – William G Young patents ice cream freezer

1848 – Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million

1854 – Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise opens north slavery

1854 – Territories of Kansas & Nebraska created

1858 – Hudson’s Bay Co rights to Vancouver Island revoked

1864 – Cavalry fight at Battle of Bethesda Church/Totopotomoy Creek Virginia during US Civil War

1868 – Memorial Day 1st observed when 2 women in Columbus Mississippi placed flowers on both Confederate & Union graves

1879 – 92°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in May

1879 – Gilmore Garden (NYC) renamed Madison Square Garden

1879 – An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.

1883 – Rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse caused a stampede that kills 12

1889 – Brassiere invented

1894 – Bobby Lowe is 1st to hit 4 HRs in 1 baseball game

1896 – 1st car accident occurs, Henry Wells hit a bicyclist (NYC)

1899 – 24th Preakness: R Clawson aboard Half Time wins in 1:47

1901 – Memorial Day 1st observed in US

1903 – 28th Preakness: W Gannon aboard Flocarline wins in 1:44.8

1906 – 40th Belmont: Lucien Lyne aboard Burgomaster wins in 2:20

1907 – 41st Belmont: G Mountain aboard Peter Pan wins

1908 – 1st federal workmen’s compensation law approved

1908 – 42nd Belmont: Joe Notter aboard Colin win

1908 – Aldrich Vineland Currency Act forerunner to Federal Reserve System

1910 – 44th Belmont: James Butwell aboard Sweep wins in 2:22

1911 – 1st Indianapolis 500 car race, Ray Harroun wins at 74.59 MPH (120 KPH)

1912 – US Marines sent to Nicaragua

1914 – The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.

1921 – Memorial to Capt Eddie Grant, killed in WW I, unveiled at Polo Grounds

1922 – Lincoln Memorial dedicated

1922 – Cubs swap Max Flack for Cards Cliff Heathcote during middle of doubleheader. Both play for both teams that day

1925 – British mariners shoot on demonstrators

1925 – Peter DePaolo became 1st man to average over 100 mph at Indy

1925 – Rogers Hornsby replaces Branch Rickey as manager of Cardinals

1927 – Walter Johnson records 113th & last shutout of his career

1930 – Bill Arnold wins Indianapolis 500 car race (161.6 kph)

1933 – Patent on invisible glass installation

1935 – Babe Ruth’s final game, goes hitless for Braves against Phillies

1937 – Memorial Day Massacre – Chicago police shoot on union marchers, 10 die

1937 – Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago

1937 – 61,756, 2nd-largest crowd in Polo Grounds history, sees Dodgers ends Carl Hubbell’s consecutive-game winning streak at 24

1941 – English Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government

1942 – 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF’s raid of WW II

1942 – Satchel Paige pitches 5 innings to defeat Dizzy Dean All-Stars 8-1

1942 – US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor

1943 – US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians

1946 – Braves Bernard Malamud HR shatters Bulova clock in Ebbets Field

1948 – A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.

1951 – Ezzard Charles beats Joey Maxim in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1954 – Emile Zatopek runs world record 5K (13:57.2)

1958 – Unidentified soldiers killed in WW II & Korean War buried in Arlington

1959 – Iraq terminates milt assistance pact with US due to neutrality

1959 – World’s 1st hovercraft (SR-N1) tested at Cowes England

1959 – The Auckland Harbour Bridge is officially opened today in Auckland, New Zealand.

1961 – Maris hits his 10th & 11th of 61 HRs

1961 – Long time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo,Dominican Republic.

1964 – Beatles’ “Love Me Do,” single goes #1

1964 – Giants sweep Mets 5-3 & 8-6 in 23 inn, records include elapsed time of 9:50, 47 strikeouts, 7:22 for 2nd game & NY’s 22 K’s in 2nd games

1965 – Viet Cong offensive against US base Da Nang, begins

1965 – Vivian Malone, is 1st black to graduate from University of Alabama

1966 – 300 US airplanes bomb North Vietnam

1966 – Graham Hill wins Indianapolis 500 car race (232.2 kph)

1966 – US launches Surveyor 1 to Moon

1967 – Biafra declares independence from Nigeria

1967 – Robert “Evel” Knievel’s motorcycle jumps 16 automobiles

1967 – Yankee Whitey Ford, nearing 41, announces his retirement from baseball

1969 – Gibraltar adopts constitution

1969 – People revolt in Willemstad, Curacao

1971 – 36 hospitalized during Grateful Dead concert; drunk LSD apple juice

1971 – US Mariner 9 1st satellite to orbit Mars launched

1971 – Willie Mays hits his 638th HR, sets NL record of 1,950 runs scored

1972 – 3 Jap PFL terrorists kills 24, wound 72 at Tel Aviv’s Lod Intl airport

1972 – The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.

1976 – Bobby Unser sets world record for fastest pit stop (4 seconds)

1979 – Percom Data Company Inc release Microdos for Radio Shack’s TRS-80

1980 – Turner’s painting “Juliet & Her Nurse” sells for $6.4 million

1981 – Bangladesh Pres Ziaur Rahman is shot by group of rebel officers

1981 – LA Dodgers are quickest to get 1,000,000 attendence (22 games)

1982 – Closest Indy 500, Gordon Johncock beats Rick Mears by 0.16 seconds

1982 – Spain becomes 16th member of NATO

1984 – Bomb explodes in rebel leader Eden Pastora headquarters in Nicaragua

1986 – Bobby Rahal is 1st to avg over 170 mph in Indianapolis 500

1987 – Mike Tyson TKOs Pinklon Thomas in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

1987 – North American Philips Company unveils compact disc video

1987 – Tony Tucker TKOs Buster Douglas in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

1987 – West German Mathias Rust lands airplane on Red Square

1989 – Margaret Ray pleads guilty to breaking into David Letterman’s house

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,878.56

1991 – Supreme Court rules prosecutors can be sued for legal advice they give police & can be held accountable

1992 – NY Lotto pays $30 million to one winner (#s are 12-15-30-33-40-48)

1992 – NY Yankee Scott Sanderson becomes 9th to beat all 26 teams

1992 – UN votes for sanctions against Serb-led Yugoslavia to halt fighting

1996 – Albert Belle uses a forearm to break up a double play & nearly breaks Brewer 2nd baseman Fernando Vina’s nose, Belle gets 2 game suspension

1997 – Betty Shabazz, widow of Malcolm X, set afire by 12 year old grandson

2012 – Vishwanathan Anand wins his fifth World Chess Championship

Births

1010 – Emperor Renzong of China (d. 1063)

 

 

 

1220 – Alexander NevskyPereslavl-ZalesskyVladimir-SuzdalPrince of Novgorod and Grand Prince of Vladimirconsidered the key figure in medieval Russia (1252-63)

 

 

 

 

 

1423 – Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1461)

1524 – Selam II Sari, the blonde, sultan of Turkey (1566-74)

1623 – Wallerand Vaillant, painter/engraver, baptized

1623 – John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (d. 1686)

1718 – Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (d. 1793)

1800 – Karl W Feuerbach, German mathematician (Position of Feuerbach)

1812 – John Alexander McClernand, Major General (Union volunteers)

1814 – Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (d. 1894)

1819 – William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)

1830 – Edward Winslow Hinks, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1832 – George Doherty Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1835 – Alfred Austin, Leeds England, poet laureate of England (Garden)

1846 – Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (d. 1920)

1867 – Arthur Vining Davis, Sharon Mass, CEO (Alcoa-1910-57)

1881 – Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (d. 1968)

1891 – Iman J van den Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter

 

 

 

1896 – Howard HawksGoshen Inddirector/producer (Rio BravoScarface)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1902 – Seton Howard Frederick Lloyd, archaeologist

1902 – Stepin Fetchit, [Lincoln Perry], Fla, actor (Miracle in Harlem)

1907 – Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (d. 2008)

 

 

 

1908 – Mel[vin J] Blancvoice (Bugs BunnyElmer Fudd & Porky Pig)

 

VIDEOS

1909 – Benny Goodman, Chicago, clarinetist/bandleader (King of Swing)

1910 – Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (d. 1978)

1912 – Alexander Langsdorf, physicist

1912 – Hugh Griffith, Wales, actor (Ben Hur, Mutiny on the Bounty, Oliver!)

1912 – Joseph Stein, dramatist/playwright (Fiddler on the Roof)

1916 – Joseph W Kennedy, scientist (1 of 4 discoverers of plutonium)

1918 – Bob Evans, American restaurateur (d. 2007)

1922 – Harry Clement Stubbs, US, sci-fi author (Needle, Iceworld)

1924 – Norbert Schemansky, USA, middle heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1952)

1926 – Christine Jorgensen, pioneer transsexual

1927 – Clint Walker, Hartford Ill, actor (Kodiak, Cheyenne, Dirty Dozen)

1928 – John Keith Wright, English economist/asst sect of state (1971-84)

1930 – Mark Birley, British nightclub owner (d. 2007)

1936 – Keir Dullea, Cleveland OH, actor (2001, 2010, David & Lisa)

1936 – Ruta Lee, actress (Operation Eichmann, Marjorie Morningstar)

1939 – Michael J Pollard, Passaic NJ, actor (Bonny & Clyde, Roxanne)

1939 – Dieter Quester, Austrian racing driver

1942 – Lenny Davidson, London, rock guitarist (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over)

1943 – Gale Sayers, NFL running back (Chicago Bears)

1944 – Larry Davidson, rocker (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over)

1945 – Meredith MacRae, Houston Tx, actress (Petticoat Junction, My 3 Sons)

1946 – Candy Lightner, political activist/founder (MADD)

1949 – P.J. Carlesimo, American basketball coach

1951 – Stephen Tobolowsky, Tx, actor (Single White Female, Thelma & Louise)

1953 – Colm Meaney, actor (Star Trek Deep Space 9)

1955 – Jake “The Snake” Roberts, American wrestler

1958 – Ted McGinley, Newport Beach California, actor (Love Boat, MWC, Dynasty)

1960 – Stephen “Tea Tower” Duffy, rocker (Lilac Time-Paradise Song)

1961 – Trey Parker, rapper/actor (Newsies, Hull High)

1964 – Nhi Lan Le, Vietnam, US fencer-foil (Olympics-96)

1964 – Wynonna, [Christina Judd], Ashland Ky, singer (Judds-Why Not Me)

1964 – Tom Morello, American guitarist (Audioslave, Rage Against the Machine)

1964 – Andrea Montermini, Italian racing driver

1965 – Tammy Parks, Rockville Centre NY, actress (Attack of 60′ Centerfold)

1968 – Zacarias Moussaoui, French citizen found guilty relating to September 11, 2001 attacks

1970 – Ness Wadia, Indian industrialist

1972 – Allen Aldridge, NFL linebacker (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32)

1972 – Renita Farrell, Townsville Qld Aust, field hockey midfielder (Oly-96)

1973 – Jennifer Darst, Dallas Texas, pairs skater (& Arthur Reid)

1974 – Cee-Lo, American musician

1978 – Lyoto Machida, Brazilian mixed martial artist

1981 – Gianmaria Bruni, Italian racing driver

1986 – Ashley Slaney, daughter of Olympians Mary Decker & Richard Slaney

Deaths

727 – Hubertus, bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht/saint, dies at about 72

1035 – Boudouin IV, count of Flanders (988-1035), dies

1159 – Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)

1252 – Ferdinand III the holy, King of Castile/Leon, dies

1416 – Jerome of Prague, Czech radical Christian teacher burned at the stake for heresy by church Council of Constance

1431 – Joan of Arc, French heroine and saint (b. 1412)

1434 – Prokop the Great, Hussite general

1576 – Harada Naomasa, Japanese retainer and samurai

1593 – Christopher Marlowe, Brit dramatist (Tamburlaine the Great), murdered

1640 – Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, dies at 62

1696 – Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1638)

1744 – Alexander Pope, English poet (Eloisa to Abelard), dies at 56

 

 

 

1778 – Voltaire, [Francois-Marie Arouet], French writer (Candide), dies at 42

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – James Barbour Terrill, US attorney/Confederate brig-gen, dies at 26

 

 

 

1865 – William Clarke Quantrillcriminal/Confederate bushwhackerdies at 27

 

 

 

 

 

1901 – Victor D’Hondt, Belgian mathematician (b. 1841)

1912 – Wilbur Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies

 

 

 

1916 – John Singleton MosbyAmerican Confederate officerdies at 82

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – Georgi V Plechanov, Russian revolutionary theorist, dies

1919 – Lord John WS Raleigh, British physicist (Nobel 1904), dies

1926 – Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)

1934 – Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (b. 1848)

1938 – Raden Sutomo, Indonesian freedom fighter, dies at 49

1939 – Floyd Roberts, Auto racer, killed during 1939 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1904)

1946 – Louis Slotin, Canadian Scientist at Los Alamos (b. 1910)

1947 – Georg Ritter von Trapp, World War I Austrian submarine commander (b. 1880)

1953 – Dooley Wilson, American musician and actor (b. 1886)

1960 – Boris Pasternak, Russian poet (Dr Zhivago), dies at 70

1961 – Rafael L Trujillo Molina, dictator Dom Rep (1930-61), murdered at 69

1964 – Leo Szilard, Hungarians/US nuclear physicst, dies at 66

1964 – Eddie Sachs, American auto racer (b. 1927)

1967 – Claude Rains, actor (Invisible Man), dies at 77

1969 – John Cipollini, guitarist, dies of ephysema at 45

1975 – Tatsuo Shimabuku, Japanese martial artist (b. 1908)

1977 – Paul Desmond, US jazz saxophonist, dies at 52

1980 – Carl Radle, bassist (Derek & Dominoes), dies of a kidney ailment

1983 – Alfred M Gruenther, US general/NATO-commander (1953-56), dies at 84

1986 – Hank Mobley, US jazz saxophonist, dies at 55

1987 – Turk Murphy, jazz trombonist, dies at 71

 

 

 

1993 – Herman S BlountSun RaUS jazz pianist (Solar Arkestra), dies at 79

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – Baron Marcel Bich, inventor (Bic Pen), dies at 79

1994 – Marcel Bich, Italian/French baron/pen manufacturer (Bic), dies at 79

1995 – Lofty England, English automotive engineer and race team manager (b.1911)

2000 – Tex Beneke, American bandleader and musician (b. 1914)

2006 – David Lloyd, New Zealand biologist (b. 1938)

2012 – Andrew Huxley, British physiologist and Nobel laureate, dies at 94

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

363 – Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sassanid capital, but is unable to take the city.

757 – St Paul I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1138 – Anti-Pope Victor IV (Gregorio) overthrows self for Innocentius II

1167 – Battle of Monte Porzio – A Roman army supporting Pope Alexander III is defeated by Christian of Buch and Rainald of Dassel

 

 

 

1176 – Battle at LegnanoLombard League beats Frederick Barbarossa and the Holy Roman Empire

 

 

 

 

 

 

1453 – Constantinople falls to Muhammad II (Turks); ends Byzantine Empire

1453 – French banker Jacques Coeurs possessions confiscated

1592 – At the Battle of Sacheon, the Korean navy led by Admiral Yi Sun Shin, repels a Japanese army that outnumbers it nearly 3 to 1.

1630 – Gov John Winthrop begins “History of New England”

1652 – English Admiral Robert Blake drives out Dutch fleet under lt-adm Tromp

1677 – Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Indians.

1727 – Peter II (11) becomes Tsar of Russia

1733 – The right of Canadians to keep Indian slaves is upheld at Quebec City.

1765 – Patrick Henry historic speech against the Stamp Act, answering a cry of “Treason!” with, “If this be treason, make the most of it!”

 

 

 

1780 – Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton massacres Colonel Abraham Buford’s continentals allegedly after the continentals surrender113 Americans are killed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1790 – Rhode Is becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying Constitution

1848 – Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte

1848 – Wisconsin becomes 30th state

1849 – Lincoln says “You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time.”

1851 – Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women’s Rights Convention (Akron)

1861 – Dorothea Dix offers help in setting up hospitals for Union Army

1864 – Mexican Emperor Maximilian arrives at Vera Cruz

1874 – Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect

1897 – 31st Belmont: J Scherrer aboard Scottish Cheiftain wins in 2:23.25

1900 – 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4

1900 – Trademark “Escalator” registered by Otis Elevator Co

1912 – 15 young women fired by Curtis Publishing for dancing “Turkey Trot” during their lunch break

1914 – Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St Lawrence R; 1024 die

1916 – US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924

1919 – Charles Strite files patent for the pop-up toaster

1919 – Einstein’s light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington

1922 – US Supreme Court rules organized baseball is a sport & not a business & thus not subject to antitrust laws

1928 – Fritz von Opel reaches 200 kph in experimental rocket car

 

 

 

1932 – World War I Veterans begin to assemble in WashingtonDC in the Bonus Army to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – Adolf Kiefer swims world record 100 yards backstroke (58.8 sec)

1940 – In WW II, Germans capture Ostend & Ypres in Belgium & Lille in France

1942 – Bing Crosby records “White Christmas,” greatest selling record to date

1943 – Meat & cheese rationed in US

1945 – US 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri-castle Okinawa

1949 – Candid Camera, TV comedy Variety, moves to NBC

1951 – 1st North Pole flight in single engine plane-CF Blair

 

 

 

1953 – Edmund Hillary & Tensing Norkay are 1st to reach summit of Everest

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Algerian rebels kill 336 collaborators

1959 – Charles de Gaulle forms French government

1960 – Everly Brothers “Cathy’s Clown” hits #1

1965 – Phillies Dick Allen hits 529′ HR out of Connie Mack Stadium

1967 – Australian Paul McManus water skis barefoot for 1:30:19

1968 – Truth in Lending Act signed into law

1973 – Thomas Bradley elected 1st black mayor of Los Angeles Calif

1973 – Columbia Records fires president Clive Davis for misappropriating $100,000 in funds, Davis will start Arista records

1974 – Northern Ireland is brought under direct rule from Westminster

1976 – Only HR of Joe Niekro’s 22-year career, comes off brother Phil

 

 

 

1977 – A J Foyt wins Indianapolis 500 for a record 4th time

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Janet Guthrie becomes 1st woman to drive in Indy 500

1978 – 1st class postage now 15 cents (13 cents for 3 years)

1980 – Attempted assassination on Vernon Jordan Jr National Urban League pres

1980 – J Turners “Juliet & Her Nurse” sold for $6,400,000 in NYC

1980 – Larry Bird beats out Magic Johnson for NBA rookie of year

1984 – Boston Red Sox retires #9 (Ted Williams) & #4 (Joe Cronin)

1985 – Amputee Steve Fonyo completes cross-Canada marathon at Victoria, British Columbia, after 14 months.

1987 – “Twilight Zone” director John Landis found innocent in death of actor

1987 – Michael Jackson attempts to buy Elephant Man’s remains

1987 – Robin Ventura set a college baseball record with hits in 57 games

1988 – President Zia ul-Haq fires government/disbands parliament in Pakistan

1990 – Boris Yeltsin is elected president of the Russian republic

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,870.49

1990 – Rickey Henderson steals record 893rd base, breaking Ty Cobb’s record

1994 – Al Unser Jr wins 78th Indianapolis 500 in 3:06:29.006 (255.89 kph)

1994 – Great comet-iceball seen above North sea

1997 – 70th National Spelling Bee: Rebecca Sealfon wins spelling euonym

1997 – Jesse Timmedequas, found guilty of rape/murder of Megan Kanka, 7

1997 – Spanish scientists announce new human species in 780,000 year old fossil

2001 – International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers inaugurated.

2004 – The World War II Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.

2004 – The Al-Khobar massacres in Saudi Arabia kill 22.

2012 – Facebook’s problematic public listing could cost those involved $115 million from technical glitches

2012 – Indonesian police make the biggest drug bust in ten years after seizing over a million ecstasy pills valued at $45 million

 

 

 

 

Births

1594 – Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian general (d. 1632)

1627 – Anne ML of Orleans, duchess of Montpensier (Grand Mademoiselle)

1630 – Charles II, King of England (1660-85)

1675 – Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (d. 1715)

1716 – Louis J M Daubenton, French zoologist

1722 – James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician (d. 1773)

 

 

 

1736 – Patrick HenryUSpatriot “Give me liberty or give me death

 

 

 

 

 

 

1794 – Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (d. 1874)

1810 – Erasmus Darwin Keyes, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1810 – Solomon Meredith, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1875

1824 – Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox, Major General (Confederate Army)

1825 – David Bell Birney, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864

1826 – Ebenezer Butterick, inventor (tissue paper dress pattern)

1827 – Reuben Lindsay Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1890

1841 – Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, (d. 1971)

1864 – A H Borgesius, Dutch amateur astronomer

1880 – Oswald Spengler, Germany, philosopher (Decline of West)

1885 – Erwin F Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity)

1894 – Beatrice Lillie, Toronto, comedian/actress (Around World in 80 Days)

1896 – George L Funke, botanist (Flower Physiology)

1897 – Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Brno Austria, movie composer (Violanta)

 

 

 

1903 – Bob Hope, [Leslie Townes], Kent Englandentertainer (famous profile)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1904 – Robert Knox, bacteriologist

1906 – Terence Hanbury White, Bombay India, novelist (England Have My Bones)

1907 – Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman and senator (d. 2002)

1909 – Neil R[onald] Jones, US, sci-fi author (Space War, Twin Worlds)

1911 – James Marjoribanks, British ambassador

1912 – Lucie Aubrac [Bernard], Paris, history teacher and French resistance member, (d. 2007)

1914 – Stacy Keach, Sr., American actor (d. 2003)

1921 – Clifton James, NYC, actor (Buster & Billie, David & Lisa)

1926 – Iannis Xenakis, composer/architect/engineer

1927 – Carl Toms, stage designer (1 Million BC, Moon Zero Two)

1928 – Felix Rohatyn, Vienna Austria, investment banker (NY Big MAC Bonds)

1932 – Paul R. Ehrlich, American biologist and author who founded the group Zero Population Growth

1935 – Martin Garrod, Commandant General (Royal Marines)

1937 – Alwin Schockemohle, horse show jumper

1937 – Charles W. Pickering, American judge

1938 – Francis Thomas (Fay) Vincent, baseball commissioner

1939 – Al Unser, auto racer (Indianapolis 500-1970, 71)

1944 – Helmut Berger, actor (Ash Wednesday, Damned, Picture of Dorian Gray)

1945 – Martin Pipe, horse trainer

1945 – Gary Brooker, rock keyboardist (Procol Harum)

1948 – Anthony Geary, Coalville Utah, actor (Luke/Bill-General Hospital)

1949 – Francis Rossi, London, guitarist (Status Quo-Picture of a Matchstick Man)

1952 – Louise Cooper, UK, sci-fi author (Nemesis, Inferno, Infanta, Nocturne)

1953 – Danny Elfman, LA California, composer (Simpson Show Theme)

1955 – John Hinckley Jr, shot & wounded Pres Reagan (1981)

1955 – Mike Porcaro, rock bassist (Toto-Roseanna, Africa)

1956 – LaToya Jackson, singer (If You Feel the Funk)

1958 – Annette Bening, Topeka KS, actress (Grifters, Bugsy, Valmont) [or 5/5]

1959 – Mel Gaynor, Glasgow Scotland, rock drummer (Simple Minds-Water Front)

1959 – Rupert Everett, actor (Princess Daisy, Another Country)

1961 – Melissa Etheridge, US singer/songwriter/guitarist (Never Enough)

1963 – Lisa Whelchel, Fort Worth Texas, actress (Blair-Facts of Life)

1963 – Tracey E Bregman, Munich Germany, actress (Lauren-Bold & Beautiful, Days of Our Life)

1963 – Blaze Bayley, British singer (ex-Iron Maiden)

1963 – Ukyo Katayama, Japanese racing driver

1965 – Jammo Myllys, Savonlinna FIN, hockey goalie (Team Finland, Oly-Br-98)

1967 – Noel Gallagher, Manchester, English pop musician (Oasis)

1969 – Chan Kinchla, Canadian musician (Blues Traveler)

1973 – Emma Johnson, Sydney NSW Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96)

1973 – Mark Lee, American musician (guitarist for Third Day)

1974 – Marc Gené, Spanish Formula One driver

1975 – Melanie Janine Brown, “Scary Spice”, Leeds, vocalist (Spice Girls)

1976 – David Buckner, American musician (Papa Roach)

1979 – Casey Sheehan, American soldier; son of Cindy Sheehan (d. 2004)

 

 

 

1982 – Ana Beatriz BarrosBrazilian model

 

 

 

 

 

 

1982 – Joanne Borgella, American plus-sized model and singer

1983 – Rama Claproth, Indonesian blues guitarist

1984 – Carmelo Anthony, American basketball player

1986 – Jaslene Gonzalez, Puerto Rican/American fashion model

1990 – Dave Morton, American guitarist

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1259 – King Christopher I of Denmark (b. 1219)

1379 – King Henry II of Castile (b. 1334)

1425 – Hongxi Emperor of China (b. 1378)

1453 – Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor, dies at 49

 

 

 

1500 – Bartholomeu Diaz , Portuguese sea explorerdrowns

 

 

 

 

 

 

1546 – Cardinal Beaton, English archbishop of St Andrews, murdered

1593 – John Penry, English congressionalist, executed

1660 – Frans van Schooten, Dutch mathematician (b. 1615)

 

 

 

1790 – Israel PutnamAmerican Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1814 – Josephine, empress of France (1804-14), dies

1816 – Madame L’Ouverture, widow of Haiti’s leader Toussaint L’O, dies

1829 – Humphry Davy, scientist/inventor (Miner’s safety lamp), dies at 84

 

 

 

1866 – Winfield ScottAmerican general , presidential candidate (b. 1786)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1896 – Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (b. 1814)

1903 – Bruce Price, American architect (b. 1845)

1942 – John Barrymore, US actor (Beloved Rogue, Dinner at 8), dies at 60

1951 – Fanny Brice, Zeigfield Girl (Baby Snooks Show), dies at 59

1953 – Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (b. 1891)

1972 – Moe Berg, American baseball player and spy (b. 1902)

1972 – Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (b. 1878)

1979 – Mary Pickford, actress (Coquette, Suds, Secrets), dies at 86

1982 – Romy Schneider, actress (Cardinal), dies of cardiac arrest at 43

1989 – John Cipollina, American musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (b. 1943)

1992 – Peter John “Ollie” Halsall, guitarist, dies of a heart attack at 43

1993 – Billy Conn, boxer (fought Joe Louis 1951), dies of pneumonia at 75

1994 – Erich Honecker, president of German DR (1971-89), dies in Chile at 81

1994 – Ezra Taft Benson, min of Agr/leader of mormon (1985-94), dies at 94

1994 – Oliver “Bops Junior” Jackson, drummer, dies at 61

1995 – Margaret Chase Smith, 1st woman Rep & Sen (R-Me), dies at 97

1996 – James George “Jimmy” Rowles, jazz pianist, dies at 77

1997 – George Fenneman, announcer (You Bet Your Life), dies at 77

1997 – Jeff Buckley, musician, drowns at 30

1998 – Barry M. Goldwater, U.S. Senator from Arizona and presidential candidate (b. 1909)

2003 – David Jefferies, British motorcycle racer (b. 1972)

2004 – Archibald Cox, Watergate special prosecutor (b. 1912)

2006 – Steve Mizerak, American pool player (b. 1944)

2007 – Posteal Laskey, American convicted murderer widely believed to be the Cincinnati Strangler of natural causes (b. 1938)

 

 

 

2008 – Harvey KormanAmericancomedian , actor (b. 1927)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2009 – Karine Ruby, French snowboarder and Olympic champion (b. 1978)

2010 – Dennis Hopper, American actor and director (b. 1936)

2012 – Doc Watson, American bluegrass musician, dies from complications following surgery at 89

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

585 BC – A solar eclipse occurs, as predicted by Greek philosopher and scientist Thales, while Alyattes is battling Cyaxares in the Battle of the Eclipse, leading to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.

640 – Severinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope (elected in 638)

1037 – German emperor Koenraad II removes “Constitutio the Feudis”

1156 – Battle at Brindisi: King Willem of Sicily beats Byzantine fleet

1349 – 60 Jews murdered in Breslau Silesia

1358 – Daint-Leu at Oise begins French boer uprising

1539 – Hernando de Soto lands in Florida

 

 

 

1588 – Spanish Armada under Medina-Sidonia departs Lisbon to invade England

 

 

 

 

 

 

1644 – Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of the Earl of Derby.

1664 – 1st Baptist Church organizes (Boston)

1731 – All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated

1742 – 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman’s Fields, London)

 

 

 

1754 – George Washington defeats French & indians at Ft Duquesne (Jumonville Glen)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1774 – 1st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)

1818 – 1st steam-vessel to sail Great Lakes launched

1830 – Congress authorizes native Indian removal from all states to western prairie

1845 – Fire in Quebec Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed

1863 – 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War

1875 – 3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43.5

1880 – 8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40.5

1892 – Sierra Club forms by John Muir in SF, for conservation of nature

1900 – Solar eclipse occurs

1901 – 26th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2

1901 – Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)

1904 – 29th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2

1915 – John B Gruelle patents Raggedy Ann doll

1918 – Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic

1919 – Armenia declares it’s Independence

1923 – Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere

1926 – US Customs Court created by congress

1928 – Dodge Brothers Inc & Chrysler Corp merged

1929 – 1st all color talking picture “On With the Show” exhibited (NYC)

1930 – The Chrysler Building in New York City officially opens.

1937 – Golden Gate Bridge in SF opens to vehicular traffic 

1938 – Foundation for Tel Aviv harbor laid

1940 – British-French troops capture Narvik Norway

1941 – British army begins evacuation of Kreta

1942 – 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich

1951 – After going 0-for-12, Willie Mays connects for his 1st major league home run

1951 – Jerry Colonna Show, debuts on ABC-TV

1952 – The women of Greece are given the right to vote.

1953 – Premier of 1st animated 3-D cartoon in Technicolor-“Melody”

1955 – 81st Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Nashua wins in 1:54.6

1955 – Bob Sweikert wins Indianapolis 500

1956 – Dale Long becomes 1st to hit HRs in 8 straight games

1956 – Eisenhower signs farm bill allows government to store agricultural surplus

1957 – NL approves Bkln Dodgers’ & NY Giants’ move to west coast

1959 – Congressional Committee of Astronautics meets Project 7 astronauts

1959 – Monkeys Able & Baker zoom 300 mi (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile, became 1st animals retrieved from a space mission

1961 – Amnesty Intl founded (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)

1961 – Last trip (Paris to Bucharest) on Orient Express (after 78 years)

1961 – Record 27 HRs hit in 7 AL games

1962 – US stock market drops $20.8 B in 1 day

1962 – Wide World of Sports with Chris Schenkel premieres on CBS radio

1963 – Cyclone hits Chittagong, Bangladesh; about 1 million houses destroyed

1963 – Estimated 22,000 die in another cyclone in Bay of Bengal (India)

1963 – Jomo Kenyatta becomes 1st PM of Kenya

1964 – Jawaharlal Nehru cremated in New Dehli

1964 – Palestine National Congress forms the PLO in Jerusalem

1965 – Fire & explosion at Dhori mine in Dhanbad India kills 400

1967 – Francis Chichester arrives home at Plymouth from Round-the-world trip

1968 – Senator Eugene McCarthy wins Democrate primary in Oregon

1970 – The formerly united Free University of Brussels officially splits into two separate entities, the French-speaking Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Dutch-speaking Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

1972 – White House “plumbers” break into Democratic Natl HQ at Watergate

1974 – Italians fascist bomb demonstrators in Brescia, 6 killed

1977 – 165 killed in a fire at Beverly Hills Supper Club in Kentucky

1978 – Al Unser became 5th to win Indianapolis 500, 3 times

1980 – Joe Darby does a standing long jump of 12’5″

1980 – Nottingham Forrest wins 25th Europe Cup 1 in Madrid

1982 – Leonard Maltin’s 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight

1987 – 60th Natl Spelling Bee: Stephanie Petit wins spelling staphylococci

1987 – Mathias Rust, 19, W German pilot, makes unauthorized landing in USSR

 

 

 

1987 – USS MonitorCivil War ironcladis discovered by a deep sea robot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987 – Paul Pearman jumps 21 barrels on a skateboard in Augusta

1989 – Emerson Fittipaldi wins Indianapolis 500

1990 – Dave Thomas Comedy Show, debuts on CBS-TV

1990 – Longest wheelie (David Robilliard with 5h12m33s (Channel Islands)

1991 – Ethiopian rebels seize Addis Ababa

1992 – 65th National Spelling Bee: Amanda Goad wins spelling lyceum

1994 – Twin’s Dave Winfield passes Rod Carew into 15th hit list (3,054)

1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton’s former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, James McDougal and Susan McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker, are convicted of fraud.

1997 – Linda Finch completes Amelia Earhart attempted around-the-world flight

1997 – Tornado in Jarrell Texas kills at least 28

1997 – Wallace Berg, 42, is 4th American to scale Mt Everest for 3rd time

1998 – Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of Indian nuclear tests with five of its own, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions.

1999 – In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo da Vinci’s masterpiece “The Last Supper” is put back on display.

1999 – Two Swedish police officers are murdered with their own fire arms by the bank robbers Jackie Arklöv and Tony Olsson after a dramatic car chase.

2002 – NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.

2004 – The Iraqi Governing Council chooses Ayad Allawi, a longtime anti-Saddam Hussein exile, to become prime minister of Iraq’s interim government.

 

 

 

Births

1140 – Xin Qiji, Chinese poet (d. 1207)

1371 – John, the Fearless, Burgundy France, Duke of Burgundy/warrior

1524 – Selim II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1574)

1588 – Pierre Seguier, Chancellor of France (d. 1672)

1660 – George I, King of England (1714-27)

1676 – Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (d. 1754)

1692 – Joseph Butler, English philosopher (d. 1752)

1738 – Joseph Ignace Guillotin, France, physician/inventor (guillotine)

1759 – William Pitt, the Younger (C), English PM (1783-1801, 1804-06)

1779 – Thomas Moore, Irish poet (d. 1852)

 

 

 

1818 – Pierre Gustave Toutant BeauregardUS Confederate gen , Hero of Sumter,(d.1893)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1819 – William Birney, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1907

1828 – Alpheus Baker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891

1828 – Bartel Wilton, machinefabrikant/ship builder

1830 – George Lucas Hartsuff, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874

1831 – Eliza Ann Gardner, underground railway conductor

1838 – Basil Wilson Duke, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1916

1858 – Carl Rickard Nyberg, Swedish inventor (d. 1939)

1862 – Henry W Slocum Jr, tennis champ (US Open-1888)

1872 – Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (d. 1917)

 

 

 

1874 – G K Chesterton , UK , writer , critic (d.1936)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1879 – Milutin Milankovic, Yugoslavian astronomer/meteorologist

1886 – Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-born American mobster (d. 1954)

1888 – James Francis Thorpe, Shawnee OK, decathelete (Olympic-gold-1912)(d. 1953)

1898 – Andy Kirk, jazz musician

1906 – Phil Regan, singer (My Wild Irish Rose)

1907 – Henry Ritz, comedian/dancer (Ritz Brothers)

1908 – Ian Lancaster Fleming, London England, author (James Bond)

1910 – Stuart Piggott, archaeologist

 

 

 

1910 – T-Bone WalkerLinden Txblues guitarist (Funky TownWell Done)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1914 – W G G Duncan-Smith, fighter pilot

1915 – Joseph Greenberg, American linguist (d. 2001)

1916 – Walker Percy, Birmingham Ala, writer (Adventures of a Bad Catholic)

1917 – “Papa” John Creach, violinist rocker (Hot Tuna, Jefferson Airplane)

1919 – Duke of Rutland, British land owner/multimillionaire

1922 – Lou Duva, American boxing trainer

1922 – Barney Rosset, Chicago, Illinois, publisher and free speech advocate (publisher of Tropic for Cancer), (d. 2012)

1925 – Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Zehlendorf Germany, baritone (Doktor Faust), (d. 2012)

1931 – Carroll Baker, Penn, actress (Andy Warhol’s Bad, Babydoll, Harlow)

1938 – Jerry West, W Virginia, NBA superstar (LA Lakers, Olympic-gold-1960)

1938 – Prince Buster, Jamaican reggae musician/producer (Madness)

1940 – Betty Shabazz, educator/talk show hostess/widow (Malcolm X)

1940 – Maeve Binchy [Snell], Dalkey,Ireland, novelist (Light a Penny Candle), (d. 2012)

1941 – Beth Howland, Boston Mass, actress (Vera-Alice, Company)

1942 – Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1943 – Liz Edgar, horse show jumper

1944 – Billy Vera, musician (& Beaters-At This Moment, Into the Night)

 

 

 

1944 – Gladys KnightAtlanta Gasingerleader of Pips (Midnight Train To Georgia)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1944 – Rudy Giuliani, (Mayor-R/L-NYC, 1994- )

1945 – John Fogerty, Berkeley Cal, rock vocals (Creedence Clearwater Revival

1945 – Hunter “Patch” Adams, American doctor

1946 – Satchidanandan, Indian poet

1947 – Sondra Locke, Shelbyville Tenn, actress (Heart Is a Lonely Hunter)

1947 – Zahi Hawass, Egyptian Egyptologist

1947 – Lynn Johnston, Canadian cartoonist

1949 – Wendy O. Williams, American musician (The Plasmatics) (d. 1998)

1954 – George E Mahlberg, Astrophysicist, Mt Palomar/Mt Wilson CA (1974-78)

1956 – Germaine Montenesdro, 2nd victim of NYC’s Zodiac killer (survives)

1956 – Markus Höttinger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1980)

1957 – Kirk Gibson, Mich, outfield (Tigers, Dodgers, 1988 NL MVP)

1959 – Leon “The Bop” Klaasse, rock drummer/singer (The Pilgrims-Red)

1959 – John Morgan, British etiquette expert (d. 2000)

1961 – Roland Gift, UK, rocker (Fine Young Cannibals-She Drives Me Crazy)

1962 – Brandon Cruz, actor (Eddie-Courtship of Eddie’s Father)

 

 

 

1964 – Phil VassarAmerican country music singer

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1965 – Christa Miller, NYC, actress (Kate-Drew Carey Show)

1967 – Kari Wuhrer, Brookfield Ct, MTV/actress (Beverly Hills 90210)

1968 – Kylie Minogue, Melbourne Australia, rock vocalist (Locomotion)

1968 – Sandra Bacher, Long Island NY, half-heavyweight judoka (Oly-92, 96)

1970 – Ian Cashmore, English actor and paranormal investigator

1971 – Nick Bravin, NYC, fencer-foil (Olympics-96)

1972 – Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist

1975 – Mike Fisher, Naperville Ill, soccer midfielder (Olympics-gold-96)

1977 – Elisabeth Hasselbeck, American television panelist (The View)

1986 – Michael Oher, American football player at Ole Miss

 

 

Deaths

1089 – Lanfrance, Archbishop of Canterbury, dies

1259 – Christoffel I, King of Denmark, dies

1317 – Guy van Avesnes/Henegouwen, bishop of Utrecht, dies at about 63

1357 – Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57), dies at 66

1556 – Saitō Dōsan, Japanese daimyo (b. 1494?)

1685 – Pieter de la Court, economist/historian, dies at about 67

1750 – Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1720)

1787 – Johann Georg Leopold Mozart, Austrian composer, dies at 67

1816 – Ras Wolde Selassie, Ethiopian warlord

1828 – Daikokuya Kōdayū, Japanese castaway (b. 1751)

1843 – Noah Webster, lexicographer (Webster’s Dictionary), dies at 84

1863 – Edmund Kirby Jr, Union-brig-gen, dies of injuries at 23

1864 – Henry H Giesy, US Union-brig-general, dies in battle

1898 – Edward Bellamy, US author (Looking Backward), dies

1921 – Geo Mestdagh, Belgian aviation pioneer, dies

1937 – Alfred Adler, Austria psychiatrist (Individual Psychology), dies at 67

1940 – Walter Connolly, actor (It Happened One Night, Good Earth), dies at 53

 

 

 

1968 – Fyodor Matveyevich OkhlopkovYakut-born Soviet sniper (b. 1908)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – Audie Murphyfamous soldier , war hero , Medal of Honor recipient , actor dies at 46

 

 

 

 

Air Force Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

1972 – Edward VIII, King of Great Britain and Northern Ireland dies at 77

1980 – Rolf Nevanlinna, Finnish mathematician (b. 1895)

 

 

 

1982 – Lt Col ‘H’. Jones VCBritish soldier (Falklands War) (b. 1940)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – Julius Boros, pro golfer (US Open 1952), dies of heart attack at 74

1995 – Jean Elizabeth Leuckert Muir, designer dressmaker, dies at 66

1998 – Phil Hartman, Canadian actor, comedian (b. 1948)

2003 – Ilya Prigogine, Russian-born physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1917)

2004 – Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (b. 1934)

2010 – Gary Coleman, American actor (b. 1968)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

927 – Battle of the Bosnian Highlands: Simeon I of Bulgaria is defeated by King Tomislav of Croatia.

1120 – Richard III of Capua is anointed as prince two weeks before his untimely death.

1281 – Flemish Earl Gwijde Dampierre takes financial responsibility of Brugge

1328 – French king Philip VI Valois crowned

1529 – 30 Jews of Posing Hungary, charged with blood ritual, burned at stake

1679 – Habeaus Corpus Act (no false arrest & imprisonment) passes in UK

1703 – St Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Peter the Great

1796 – James S McLean patents his piano

1798 – The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland.

1813 – Americans capture Ft George, Canada

1849 – The Great Hall of Euston station in London is opened.

1862 – Battle of Hanover Court House, VA (Slash Church, Peake’s Station)

1863 – CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die

1863 – Siege of Port Hudson LA

1864 – Skirmish at Salem Church (Haw’s Shop), Virginia

1878 – 6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75

1881 – 9th Preakness: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:40.5

1882 – 10th Preakness: T Costello aboard Vanguard wins in 2:44.5

1895 – British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector

1896 – Tornado hit St Louis, killing 255 & leaving thousands homeless

1902 – 27th Preakness: L Jackson aboard Old England wins in 1:45.8

1903 – 37th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Africander wins in 2:21.75

1905 – 30th Preakness: W Davis aboard Cairngore wins in 1:45.8

 

 

 

1905 – Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – Bubonic Plague breaks out in SF

1917 – Race riot in East St Louis Illinois, 1 black killed

1918 – Battle of Aisne

1919 – 1st transatlantic flight ends; US Navy flying boat takes 11 days

1921 – Afghanistan gains sovereignty

1921 – After 84 years of British control, Afghanistan achieves sovereignty

1930 – Richard Drew invents masking tape

1930 – The 1,046-foot (319-meter) Chrysler Building in New York City, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opens to the public.

1931 – 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field Va

1931 – Piccard & Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon

1933 – Federal Securities Act signed

1933 – Trailing 11-3, Yanks score 12 runs in 8th & beat White Sox 15-11

1933 – Walt Disney’s “3 Little Pigs” released

1935 – Supreme Court declares FDR’s Natl Recovery Act unconstitutional

1936 – RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage

1937 – Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated

1940 – British & French begin evacuation of Dunkirk (Operation Dynamo)

 

 

 

1940 – WWIIIn the Le Paradis massacre97 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1941 – German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Dorie Miller, awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor

1942 – Top German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich is shot & mortally wounded in Prague

1949 – Russian stop train traffic West-Berlin

1951 – Chinese Communists force Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing

1955 – Red Buttons Show, last airs on NBC-TV

1957 – Toronto’s CHUM-AM, (1050 kHz) becomes Canada’s first radio station to broadcast only top 40 Rock n’ Roll music format.

1958 – The F-4 Phantom II first flight.

1961 – 1st black light is sold

1961 – Pres Kennedy announces US goal to reach Moon

1961 – Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27′ ½”

1964 – “From Russia With Love” premieres in US

1966 – 6 French fighters crash above Spain

1969 – Walt Disney World construction begins

1970 – British expedition climbs south face of Annapurna I

1971 – UCLA wins NCAA basketball championship

1972 – “Jimmy Castor Bunch’s Troglodyte” (Cave Man) hits #6

1975 – Worst motor vehicle disaster in UK; bus full of elderly women plunges Dibble’s Bridge Yorkshire, killing 38

1980 – South Korean police ends people’s uprising; 2,000 killed

1980 – The Gwangju Massacre: Airborne and army troops of South Korea retake the city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 and possibly many more.

1983 – Former EPA official Rita Lavelle indicted for contempt of Congress

1985 – Inaugural bands parade for Pres Reagan

1986 – Pres Reagan orderes 2 Poseidon-class submarines be dismantled

1987 – Jim & Tammy Bakker appear on “Nightline” after PTL scandal

1987 – Yank Phil Niekro is 3rd pitcher to make 700th start (Young & Sutton)

1990 – 74th Indianapolis 500 runs

1994 – Alexander Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia after 20 years in exile

1994 – Final broadcast of Arsenio Hall talk show

1995 – In Culpeper, Virginia, actor Christopher Reeve is paralyzed from the neck down after falling from his horse in a riding competition.

1997 – 1st all female (20 British women) team reaches North Pole

1997 – Arie Luyendyk wins his 2nd Indianapolis 500

1998 – Oklahoma City bombing: Michael Fortier is sentenced to 12 years in prison and fined $200,000 for failing to warn authorities about the terrorist plot.

 

 

 

Births

1332 – Ibn Khaldun, Tunis, Arab historian/sociologist (Muqaddimah)

1519 – Girolamo Mei, Italian historian (d. 1594)

1576 – Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (d. 1649)

1595 – Benedictus Carpzovius, [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer

1623 – William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (d. 1687)

1651 – Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (d. 1729)

1774 – Francis Beaufort, admiral/hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale)

1794 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, millionaire (B & O railroad)

1818 – Amelia Jenks Bloomer, suffragette known for her pantaloons

1819 – Julia Ward Howe, US, author/lecturer (Battle Hymn of the Republic)

1823 – John Gray Foster, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874

1836 – Edwin Gray Lee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870

1836 – Jay Gould, US railroad executive, financier

 

 

 

1837 – “Wild Bill” Hickok, [James Butler], cowboy/scout

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1837 – Robert Frederick Hoke, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1912

1850 – Thomas Neill Cream, Glasgow, Scotland, serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), (d. 1892)

1894 – Dashiell Hammett, Maryland, detective novelist (Sam Spade, Maltese Falcon)

1897 – John Douglas Cockroft, English physicist (Radar, Nobel 1951)

1908 – Alex Brown, snooker player

1911 – Hubert Humphrey, (Sen-D-Minn) 38th VP (1965-69), 1968 Pres candidate

1911 – Vincent Price, St Louis MO, actor (House on Haunted Hill, Fly, Laura)

1912 – John Cheever, writer (Wapshot Chronicle)

1912 – Sam Snead, Hot Springs VA, PGA golfer (PGA-1963, 65, 67, 70, 72, 73)

1914 – Rose Stainton, CEO (British Airways)

1915 – Herman Wouk, NYC, novelist (Caine Mutiny, Winds of War)

1918 – Yasuhiro Nakasone, premier of Japan (1982-87)

1919 – Kam Fong, Honolulu Hawaii, actor (Hawaii Five-0)

1921 – Caryl Chessman, kidnapper who got death penalty (1960)

1922 – Christopher Lee, London England, actor (Hound of Baskervilles)

1923 – Henry Kissinger, Secretary of State (1973-77)/Nobel Peace Prize (1973)

1923 – Lord Freyberg, British Colonel of General Staff

1923 – Sumner Redstone, American entrepreneur

1925 – Tony Hillerman, American writer

1927 – Bryan Cowgill, deputy chairman (Mirror Group)

1927 – Jan Blokker, Dutch writer/journalist (VPRO, People’s Newspaper)

 

 

 

1931 – James Q WilsonBostonMassachusettscriminologist (‘Zero Tolerance’ policing), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1932 – [HermanJunior ParkerArkansasblues vocalist/songwriter (Mystery Train)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1934 – Harlan EllisonUSsci-fi author (7 HugosDoomsmanBabylon 5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – Lee Meriwether, LA California, Miss America (Time Tunnel, Barnaby Jones)

1935 – Ramsey Lewis, Chic, pop jazz artist (Hang on Sloopy)

1936 – Louis Gossett Jr, Bkln NY, actor (Officer & Gentleman, Deep)

1939 – Earl Cairns, CEO (S G Warburg & Co)

1939 – Jerry Mercer, rock drummer (April Wine Montreal Montreal)

1942 – Kent Bede Bernard, Trinidad, 4X400 runner (Olympic-bronze-1964)

1942 – Lee Baca, American law enforcement official

1943 – Bruce Weitz, Norwalk Ct, actor (Hill St Blues, Death of a Centerfold)

1945 – Bruce Cockburn, Ottawa Canada, folk rock vocalist (Waterwalker)

1947 – Robert Reinacher Jr, horse trainer

1948 – Pete Sears, bassist (Jefferson Starship)

1951 – Norma Jean Almodovar, Binghampton, auto-biographer (Cop to Call Girl)

1954 – Catherine Carr, US breaststroke swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-1972)

1955 – Eric Bischoff, American professional wrestling promoter

1956 – Lisa Niemi, Houston Tx, actress (Dirty Dancing, Will Rodgers Follies)

1956 – Steve Pagano, horse trainer

1956 – Cynthia McFadden, American television anchor

1957 – Bruce Furniss, US swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-1976)

1957 – Siouxsie Sioux, [Susan Ballion], Kent England (Siouxsie & Banshees)

1958 – Linnea Quigley, Davenport Iowa, actress (Night of Demons, Virgin High)

1958 – Neil Finn, rocker (Split Enz-I Got You, Crowded House)

1960 – Ray Armsetad, Kirksville Mo, 4X400 runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1961 – Cathy Silvers, NYC, actress (Jenny-Happy Days, Foley Square)

1961 – Jill Sterkel, US swimmer (Olympics-bronze-1976, 84, 88)

1961 – Peri Gilpin, Waco Tx, actor (Roz Doyle-Frasier)

 

 

 

1964 – Adam CarollaAmerican comedian and television personality

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1965 – Todd Bridges, SF CA, actor (Diff’rent Strokes, Fish)

1966 – Sean Kinney, US rock drummer (Alice in Chains-We Die Young)

1967 – Chin Yang, jockey

1969 – Todd Hundley, Martinsville VA, catcher (NY Mets)

1970 – Michael Blackburn, Australian laser yachter (Olympics-96)

1970 – Joseph Fiennes, Salisbury, Wiltshire, English actor (Enemy at the Gates, Shakespeare in Love)

1971 – Paul Bettany, English actor

1971 – Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes, American singer (TLC) (d. 2002)

1972 – Antonio Freeman, NFL wide reciever (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)

1975 – André 3000, American musician (OutKast)

1975 – Jadakiss, American rapper (The Lox)

1975 – Jamie Oliver, British chef and television personality

1981 – Özgür Çevik, Turkish singer and actor

 

 

Deaths 

366 – Procopius, Roman usurper (b. 326)

866 – Ordono I, King of Asturia (850-66), dies

927 – Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria (b. 864 or 865)

1039 – Dirk III Hierosolymita, Count of Holland, dies

1178 – Godfried van Rhenen, bishop of Utrecht, dies

1444 – John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (b. 1404)

1525 – Thomas Muentzer, German rebel leader

1541 – Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury (b. 1473) beheaded for treason in Tower of London by Henry VIII

1569 – Francois de Coligny, French general (Jarnac), dies

1576 – Louis de Boisot, Dutch admiral, drowns at about 44

1610 – François Ravaillac, French assassin of Henry IV of France (b. 1578)

1661 – Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53

1675 – Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)

1781 – Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist (b. 1716)

1790 – Jeremiah Carlton, laziest man in history, heir to a large fortune at 19 went to bed & stayed there for next 70 yrs, dies at 89

1831 – Jedediah Smith, American explorer (b. 1799)

1840 – Niccolo Paganini, composer/violinist, dies at 57

1863 – Edward Payson Chapin, Union Brigadier General, dies at 31

1887 – Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer, dies at 86

1896 – Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (b. 1839)

1910 – Robert Koch, German bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel), dies

1914 – Joseph Wilson Swan, physicist/chemist, dies

1918 – Henry Adams, US literature historian (Esther), dies at 80

 

 

 

1949 – Robert L Ripleycartoonist (Believe It or Not), dies at 55 in NY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1953 – Jesse Burkett, American baseball player (b. 1868)

1960 – James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator (b. 1877)

1964 – Jawaharial Nehru, Independent India’s 1st PM, dies at 74

1969 – Jeffrey Hunter, actor (Christopher Pike-Star Trek Cage), dies at 43

1975 – Ezzard Charles, heavyweight boxing champion (1949-51), dies at 53

1987 – John Howard Northrop, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)

1988 – Florida Friebus, actress (Bob Newhart Show), dies of a stroke at 79

1991 – Ed Dodd, cartoonist (Mark Trail), dies at 88

1992 – Tony “Big Tuna” Accardo, mobster (St Valentines Day), dies at 86

1992 – Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (b. 1890)

1994 – Red Rodney, [Albino Red/The Red Arrow], bebop-trumpeter, dies at 66

2000 – Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, intelligence and counter-intelligence officer (b. 1912)

2006 – Paul Gleason, American actor (b. 1939)

2006 – Alex Toth, American cartoonist (b. 1928)

2006 – Rob Borsellino, American columnist (b. 1949)

2011 – Jeff Conaway, American actor (b. 1950)

 

 

 

2011 – Gil Scott-HeronAmerican poetmusician and author (b. 1949)

 

VIDEOS

—–

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

451 – The Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place. The Armenians are defeated militarily but are guaranteed freedom to openly practice Christianity.

961 – German King Otto II crowned

1328 – William of Ockham forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII

1538 – Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.

 

 

 

1637 – 1st battle of Pequot at Mystic Ct kills 500 indians

 

 

 

 

 

 

1647 – Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford, Connecticut.

1736 – Battle of Ackia (La), British & Chickasaw Indians defeat French

1770 – The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.

1781 – Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia

1798 – British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara

1805 – Lewis & Clark 1st see Rocky Mountains

1828 – Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg.

1860 – Garibaldi occupies Palermo Italy

1861 – Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South

1861 – Union blockades New Orleans LA & Mobile AL

1864 – -30] Skirmish along the Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia

1864 – Territory of Montana formed

1865 – Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith

1868 – President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote

1869 – Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

1874 – 2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56.5

1876 – HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration

1883 – 11th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Jacobus wins in 2:42.5

1887 – Racetrack betting becomes legal in NY state

1894 – Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player

1896 – 1st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach NY

1896 – Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)

1896 – James Dunham murders six people in Campbell, California.

1898 – 32nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:32

1900 – British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa

1906 – Archaeological Institute of America forms

1908 – At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the United Kingdom.

 

 

 

1911 – 1st Indianapolis 500 auto race is run

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d’Endurance is run

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – Pres Calvin Coolidge signs Immigration law: restricting immigration

1925 – Tigers’ Ty Cobb is 1st to collect 1,000 extra-base hits (ends 1,139)

1930 – Supreme Court rules buying liquor does not violate the Constitution

1937 – San Francisco Bay’s Golden Gate Bridge opens

1938 – House on un-American Activities forms

1940 – 1st successful helicopter flight in US: Vought-Sikorsky US-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky

1940 – Operation Dynamo begins evacuating defeated Allied troops from Dunkirk

1941 – American Flag House (Betsy Ross’ Home) given to city of Phila

1941 – Ark Royal airplane sights German battleship Bismarck

1942 – Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star

1942 – Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: African corps vs British army

1944 – 82nd Airborne div D-day-landing at La Haye du Puits to Ste Mere Eglise

1945 – US drop fire bombs on Tokyo

1946 – 2-for-42 & hitting .048 for 1946, Mel Ott stops playing baseball

1946 – Patent filed in US for H-Bomb

 

 

 

1956 – Aircraft carrier “Bennington” burns off RIkilling 103

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – USAF bomber flies Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours

1966 – Buddhist sets self on fire at US consulate in Hué South-Vietnam

1969 – Apollo 10 astronauts returned to Earth

1970 – The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2.

1972 – Joe Frazier TKOs Ron Stander in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1973 – Super Fly Meets Shaft by John & Ernest hits #31

1974 – During a David Cassidy concert in London a 14 year old is trampled

1977 – George Willig climbs NYC World Trade Center

1978 – 1st legal gambling casino opens in Atlantic City

1979 – Dancin’ Fool by Frank Zappa hits #45

1980 – Dietmar Mogenburg of West Germany ties high jump record at 7’8″

1980 – Phillie Steve Carlton is 1st NLer to record 6, 1-hitters

1981 – Marine jet crashes on flight deck of USS Nimitz, killing 14

1982 – British ship Atlantic Conveyor & Coventry were hit in Falkland war

1983 – NASA launches Exosat

1984 – Frisbee is kept aloft for 1,672 seconds in Philadelphia

1984 – Tulsa Oklahoma gets 13″ of rain, 14 die

1985 – Danny Sullivan wins Indy 500 by 24 seconds following a spin

1985 – Explosions destroys 2 tankers off of Gibraltar, 30 die

1987 – Supreme Court ruled dangerous defendants could be held without bail

1987 – William H Webster replaces Robert M Gates as 14th director of CIA

1989 – At 7:42 AM, radio has a 30 2nd silence, honoring radio

1993 – Olympique Marseille wins 38th Europe Cup I at Munich

1993 – Long fly ball by Indians’ Carlos Martinez bounces off Jose Canseco’s head & goes over fence for a home run

1997 – Sammy Sosa (Cubs) & Tony Womack (Pirates) hit inside the park HRs

1998 – Date for Paula Jones sex harassment trial vs Pres Clinton

1998 – The United States Supreme Court rules that Ellis Island, the historic gateway for millions of immigrants, is mainly in the state of New Jersey, not New York.

2002 – The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.

2003 – Only three days after a previous record, Sherpa Lakpa Gelu climbs Mount Everest in 10 hours 56 minutes. The tourism ministry of Nepal confirms this record in July that year.

2004 – The United States Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.

2006 – The May 2006 Java earthquake kills over 5,700 people, leaves 200,000 homeless.

2012 – A gunman in the Finnish town of Hyvink

 

 

 

 

Births

1264 – Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shogun (d. 1326)

1478 – Clement VII, [Giulio de’ Medici], Italy, Pope (1523-34)

1566 – Mehmed III, Ottoman Emperor (1595-1603)

1667 – Abraham De Moivre, French mathematician (De Moivre’s theorem)

1669 – Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist (d. 1722)

1689 – Mary Wortley Montagu, English essayist, feminist, eccentric

1759 – Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, writer/mother of Mary Shelley

1764 – Edward Livingston, American jurist and statesman (d. 1836)

1799 – Alexander S Pushkin, Russia, writer (Eugene Onegin)

1806 – Henry Knox Thatcher, Comm (Union Navy), died in 1880

1835 – Edward Porter Alexander, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1859 – Alfred Edward Housman, Bromsgrove England, poet (A Buried Life)

1863 – Robert Fitzsimmons, Boxing champion (d. 1917)

1865 – Akseli V Gallen-Kallela, Fins painter/graphic artist/illustrator

1876 – Jack Root, boxing’s 1st light heavyweight champion

1877 – Isadora Duncan, SF, free form/interpretative dancer

1883 – Mamie Smith, American singer (d. 1946)

1886 – Al Jolson, [Asa Yoelson], jazz singer/silent actor (Mamie, Swanee)

1895 – Dorothea Lange, US documentary photographer

1895 – Paul Lukas, Budapest Hungary, actor (Watch on the Rhine, Sphynx)

1903 – Estes Kefauver, (Sen-D-Tn)

 

 

 

1907 – John Wayne [Marion Mitchell Morrison], Winterset IA, actor (Green Berets, True Grit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – Jean Bernard, French physician (d. 2006)

1908 – Robert Morley, England, actor (High Road to China, African Queen)

1910 – Laurance S Rockefeller, NYC, CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank)

1913 – Peter Cushing, England, actor (Dracula, Star Wars, Dr Who)

1916 – Moondog, American composer, musician and poet (d. 1999)

1919 – Jay Silverheels, Canadian actor (Tonto-Lone Ranger)

 

 

 

1920 – Peggy LeeAmerican singer (d. 2002)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1923 – James Arness, Minneapolis MN, actor (Matt Dillon-Gunsmoke, Thing)

 

 

 

1926 – Miles DavisAlton, IllinoisAmerican jazz musiciantrumpeter and composer (d. 1991)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 – Jacques Bergerac, France, actor (Gigi, Les Girls, Thunder in Sun)

1939 – Brent Musburger, sportscaster (CBS-TV)

1939 – Gerald Ronson, English multi-millionaire

1940 – Levon Helm, Elaine Arkansas, American musician (The Band), (d. 2012)

1944 – Verden “Phally” Allen, keyboardist (Mott the Hoople)

1944 – Sam Posey, American race car driver, TV commentator and author

1945 – Garry Peterson, rocker (Guess Who)

1946 – Neshka Robeva, Bulgarian Rhythmic gymnas and coach.

1946 – Mick Ronson, English musician (d. 1993)

1948 – Stevie Nicks, American rocker and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac, Bella Donna)

1949 – Dan Pastorini, NFL quarterback (Houston Oilers, Raiders) [or Dec 25]

1949 – Dayle Haddon, Montreal Quebec Canada, actress (Bedroom Eyes)

1949 – Hank Williams Jr, Shreveport La, country singer (Honky Tonk)

1949 – Pam Grier, Winston-Salem NC, actress (Big Bird Cage, Tough Enough)

1949 – Ward Cunningham, American computer programmer and inventor

1951 – Sally Kristen Ride, LA California, 1st US woman astronaut (STS-7, STS 41G), (d. 2012)

1955 – Masaharu Morimoto, Japanese chef

1957 – Margaret Colin, actress (Independence Day, Three Men & a Baby)

1959 – Nancy White-Brophy, Montague PEI, LPGA golfer (1994 McCall’s-25th)

1959 – Wayne Hussey, rocker (Mission-Lover for Life)

1962 – Bob[cat] Goldthwait, Syracuse NY, comedian (Police Academy)

1962 – Genie Francis, Englewood NJ, actress (General Hospital, Bare Essence)

1963 – Eddie Martin Jr, jockey

1964 – Lenny Kravitz, American musician

1966 – Helena Bonham Carter, London, English actress (Fight Club, Howards End)

1968 – Rachael Sporn, Australian basketball forward (Olympics-bronze-96)

1970 – Nobuhiro Watsuki, Japanese cartoonist

1977 – Raina Telgemeier, American cartoonist

1979 – Ashley Massaro, American model and professional wrestler

 

 

Deaths

604 – Augustinus van Canterbury, bishop/apostle of England, dies (or 605)

735 – Bede (Beda Venerabilis), English historian and monk, (b. circa 672 or 673)

818 – Ali ar-Rida, Shia Imam (b. 766)

1055 – Margrave Adalbert of Austria

1421 – Mehmed I, Ottoman Sultan (1413-21). B. 1389.

1512 – Bayezid II, Ottoman Sultan (1481-1512) dies at 62

1595 – Philippus Nerius, [Filippo Neri], Italian merchant/saint, dies at 79

1609 – Cornelis Claesz, mapmaker, buried

1685 – Charles II, Elector Palatine (b. 1651)

1703 – Samuel Pepys, English marine expert (Diary)/composer, dies at 70

1814 – Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, officially named the Guillotine (b. 1789)

1831 – Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen), dies

1831 – Ciro Menotti, Italian patriot (b. 1798)

1840 – Sidney Smith, British admiral (b. 1764)

1868 – Michael Barrett, Irish nationalist, last British public execution

1883 – Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)

1902 – Almon Strowger, American inventor (b. 1839)

1904 – Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist (b. 1857)

1905 – Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker, dies

1907 – Ida McKinley, First Lady of the United States (b. 1847)

1926 – S V Petlura, Ukrainain ataman, assassinated by Shalom Schwarzbard

1933 – Jimmie Rodgers, country singer, dies at 35

1939 – Charles H Mayo, US surgeon/co-founder (Mayo Clinic), dies at 74

1939 – Cornelis J Cutters, supreme commander of Navy (1910-18), dies

1943 – Edsel Ford, owner (Ford Motor Company), dies at 49

1951 – Lincoln Ellsworth, artic explorer, dies at 71

 

 

 

1968 – William E “Little Willie” JohnUS R&B-singer (Fever), dies at 30

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1969 – Paul Hawkins, Australian racing driver (b. 1937)

1969 – Allan H. Loughead, American aviation pioneer (Lockheed Corporation; b. 1889)

1973 – Jacques Lipchitz, US cubist sculptor, dies at 81

1974 – Silvio Moser, Swiss racing driver (b. 1941)

1976 – Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (Holzweg), dies at 86

1994 – Warren Harding “Sonny” Sharrock, American jazz Guitarist, dies at 53

 

 

 

1995 – Isadore “Friz” Frelingcartoon director (Sylvester), dies at 88

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

 

1995 – Ron Weatherburn, jazz pianist, dies at 61

1995 – Severn Darden, comedian (Second City), dies at 65

1996 – Halka Grossman, resistance fighter/politician, dies at 76

1997 – Manfred Von Ardenne, German scientific pioneer, dies at 90

1999 – Waldo Semon, American inventor (b. 1898)

2001 – Vittorio Brambilla, Italian racing driver (b. 1937)

2004 – Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, Russian astronomer (b. 1931)

 

 

 

2005 – Eddie AlbertAmerican actorwar hero (b. 1906)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2006 – Édouard Michelin, CEO of Michelin (b. 1963)

2007 – J Edward Oliver, cartoonist and composer (b. 1942)

2008 – Sydney Pollack, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1934)

2010 – Art Linkletter, Canadian-American radio and television personality (b. 1912)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1085 – King Alfonso VI of Castily/Leon occupy Toledo on Moren

1241 – 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfort-on-the-Main Germany

1420 – Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ.

1521 – Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther & his followers

1659 – Richard Cromwell resigns as English Lord Protector

1720 – “Le Grand St Antoine” reaches Marseille, plague kills 80,000

1721 – John Copson becomes America’s 1st insurance agent

1738 – A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.

1787 – Constitutional convention opens at Phila, G Washington presiding

1861 – John Merryman is arrested under suspension of writ of habeas corpus it later sparks a supreme court decision protecting writ

 

 

 

1862 – First Battle of  Winchester VA

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of New Hope Church, GA

1876 – 4th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75

1887 – Gas lamp at Paris Opera catches fire; 200 die

1895 – 20th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 1:50.5

1895 – Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years hard labor for being a sodomite

1899 – 33rd Belmont: R Clawson aboard Jean Beraud wins in 2:23

1900 – Eyre M Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics

1904 – 38th Belmont: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6

1915 – 2nd Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties

1922 – Babe Ruth suspended 1 day & fined $200 for throwing dirt on an ump

1927 – Henry Ford stops producing Model T car (begins Model A)

1932 – Goofy, aka Dippy Dawg, 1st appears in ‘Mickey’s Revue’ by Walt Disney

1935 – Babe Ruth hits his last 3 home runs, Boston Braves vs Pirates

1935 – Jesse Owens equals or breaks 6 world records in one hour

1938 – Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.

1940 – Golden Gate Intl Expo reopens

1941 – Ted Williams raises his batting avg over .400 for 1st time in 1941

1943 – Riot at Mobile Ala shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers

1945 – Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit

1947 – Coal dust explosion rocks Centralia Coal Co’s Mine #5 killing 111

1950 – Bkln-Battery Tunnel opens in NYC

1951 – NY Giant Willie Mays 1st major league game (goes 0 for 5)

1953 – 1st atomic cannon electronically fired, Frenchman Flat, Nevada

1955 – Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall Kansas & most of Blackwell Okla

1961 – JFK sets goal of putting a man on Moon before the end of decade

1961 – NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,770 m

1962 – Isley Brothers release “Twist & Shout”

1965 – Dave Davies of Kinks stumbles & is knocked unconscious on stage

1965 – Muhammad Ali KOs Sonny Liston in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1967 – John Lennon takes delivery of his psychedelic painted Rolls Royce

1968 – Gateway Arch in St Louis dedicated

1968 – Rolling Stones release “Jumping Jack Flash”

1969 – “Midnight Cowboy” released with an X rating

1972 – Heavyweight Joe Frazier KOs Ron Stander

1973 – US launches 1st Skylab crew Kerwin, Conrad, Weitz

1977 – Original “Star Wars” movie released

1979 – American Airlines DC-10 crashes on takeoff from Chicago killing 273 including 2 on the ground

1980 – Jacek Wszoka of Poland sets high jump record (7’8″)

1981 – Bobby Unser becomes 1st Indy 500 winner to be disqualified

1981 – Carl Yastrzemski is 4th to get 3,000 hits (Cobb, Musial & Aaron)

1982 – Ferguson Jenkins becomes 7th pitcher to strike out 3,000 batters

1983 – “Return of the Jedi” (Star Wars 3) released

1986 – 30,000,000 watch “Live Aid,” a massive benefit concert

1986 – 95-year-old woman scores a hole-in-one in Florida

1986 – Hands Across America – 6 million people hold hands from California to NY

1989 – Eastern Airlines graduates it 1st class of non-union pilots

1989 – Stanley Cup: Calgary Flames beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 2

1989 – Weird Al Yankovic records “She Drives Like Crazy”

1992 – Jay Leno becomes permanent host of “Tonight Show”

1997 – Todd & Mel Stottlemyre become 1st father & son to win 100 games

2001 – 32-year-old Erik Weihenmayer, of Boulder, Colorado, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

2009 – North Korea allegedly tests its second nuclear device. Following the nuclear test, Pyongyang also conducted several missile tests bulding tensions in the international community.

2011 – Oprah Winfrey airs her last show, ending her twenty five year run of The Oprah Winfrey Show.

2012 – Up to 116 people are massacred, including women and children, by the Syrian army in Houla, in the Homs province

2012 – A SpaceX Dragon becomes the first commercial spacecraft to dock at the International Space Station

 

 

 

Births

1048 – Emperor Shenzong of China (d. 1085)

1334 – Emperor Sukō (d. 1398)

1458 – Mahmud Begada, Sultan of Gujarat (d. 1511)

1494 – Jacopo Pontormo II, Italy, painter (Sepulture of Christ)

1550 – Camillus de Lellis, Italian soldier/monastery founder/saint

1606 – Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1649)

1661 – Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian (d. 1737)

1729 – Jean de Neufville, Dutch/US merchant (started 4th English war)

1783 – Philip Pendleton Barbour, Virginia politician and U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1841)

1803 – Ralph Waldo Emerson, US, essayist/philosopher (Concord Hymn)

1878 – Bill “Bojangles” Robinson, actor (Stormy Weather, Little Colonel)

 

 

 

1889 – Igor SikorskyRussian-American pioneer of aviation in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft

 

 

 

 

 

1898 – Bennett Cerf, publisher (Random House) panelist (What’s My Line)

1898 – Gene Tunney, world heavyweight boxing champion (1926-30)

1907 – Rachel Carson, conservationist/writer (silent springs)

1908 – David Lean, British director (Lawrence of Arabia)

1912 – Eddie Maxwell, singer (Yes We Have No Bananas)

1913 – Joseph Peter Grace, businessman

1919 – Lindsey Nelson, Pulaski Tn, sportscaster (NY Mets)

1921 – Hal David, New York, lyricist (Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head), (d. 2012)

1923 – John Weitz, spy/author/fashion designer (Friends in High Places)

1926 – Claude Akins, Nelson GA, actor (BJ & Bear, Movin’ On, Lobo)

 

 

 

1927 – Robert LudlumNYCspy novelist (Bourne Identity)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1929 – Beverly Sills, [Belle “Bubbles” Miriam Silverman], Bkln NY, soprano

1931 – Aili Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter

1932 – Georgi Mikhailovich Grechko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 26, T-14)

1932 – John Gregory Dunne, US writer (Up Close & Personal, True Confessions)

1932 – K C Jones, Taylor Tx, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1956)

1933 – Roger Bowen, actor (M*A*S*H, Main Event, What about Bob, Petulia)

1936 – Tom T Hall, Olive Hill Ky, country singer/writer (Harper Valley PTA)

1938 – Ludmil Buldakova, USSR, volleyball player (Olympic-gold-1972)

1938 – Raymond Carver, poet/short story writer (Furious Season)

1939 – Dixie Carter, TN, actress (Designing Women, Edge of Night)

1939 – Ian McKellen, England, actor (Keep, Plenty, Scarlet Pimpernel)

1943 – Leslie Uggams, NYC, singer/actress (Leslie Uggams Show, Roots)

1944 – Frank Oz, Hereford England, American muppetteer (Grover-Sesame Street, Muppet Show)

1944 – Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate

1944 – Robert MacPherson, American mathematician

1946 – Irnema Szewinski Kirszenstein, Poland, 200m runner (1968 Olym Gold)

1946 – Janet E[llen] Morris, US, sci-fi author (Golden Sword, Tempus)

1947 – Jessi Colter, [Miriam Johnson], Phoenix, country singer (I’m Not Lisa)

1947 – Karen Valentine, Santa Rosa CA, actress (Love American Style, Room 222)

1947 – Mitch Margo, Bkln, rocker (Tokens-Lion Sleeps Tonight)

1948 – Sgt. Slaughter, American professional wrestler

1953 – Eve Ensler, American playwright

1953 – Stan Sakai, Japanese-American cartoonist (Usagi Yojimbo)

1958 – Klaus Meine, rocker (Scorpions-No One Like You)

1958 – Paul Weller, guitar (Jam-This is Modern World, Style Council)

1963 – Mike Myers, Canada, comedian (SNL, Wayne’s World) [or Jun 25]

1965 – Mark Knight, California, rock guitarist (Bang Tango-Dancin’ on Coals)

1965 – Remco Prins, Dutch rock guitarist/vocalist (Burma Shave-Stash)

1967 – Ruthie Bolton, McClain Miss, basketball guard (Olympics-gold-96)

1969 – Anne Heche, Ohio, actress (Donnie Brasco, Juror, Volcano)

1969 – Stacy London, American fashion consultant

1970 – Lindsay Greenbush, LA, twin actress (Carrie-Little House on Prairie)

1973 – Molly Sims, American model and actress

1975 – Adam Saathoff, Tuscon Ariz, running target (Olympics-1996)

1975 – Lauryn Hill, South Orange, New Jersey, American singer-songwriter (The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill)

1976 – Cillian Murphy, Irish actor

1982 – Ryan Gallant, American skateboarder

 

 

Deaths

615 – Boniface IV, Pope (608-15), dies

709 – Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury, Bishop of Sherborne. English poet and scholar (b. cica 639)

967 – Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 926)

992 – Mieszko I first lord and knight of Poland, duke of Polans (b. circa 935)

1085 – Gregory VII, [Ildebrando], Pope (1073-85), dies

1125 – Hendrik V, last Salische German king, dies

1261 – Alexander IV, [Rinaldo dei conti di Segni], Pope (1254-61), dies

1452 – John Stafford, Archbishop of Canterbury

1555 – Gemma Frisius, Frisian geographer/astronomer, dies at 46

1555 – Henry II of Navarre (b. 1503)

1632 – Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1572)

1789 – Anders Dahl, Swedish botanist (b. 1751)

1797 – John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (b. 1719)

1805 – William Paley, English philosopher (b. 1743)

1849 – Andreas Michiels, Dutch milt gov of West Sumatra, dies in battle at 52

1849 – Benjamin d’Urban, British general and colonial administrator (b. 1777)

1919 – Madame C J Walker, wealthy cosmetics manufacturer, dies at 51

1927 – Payne Whitney, American businessman (b. 1876)

1935 – Sir Frank Watson Dyson, English astronomer (b. 1868)

1949 – Simon H Spoor, intelligence officer/general (WW II), dies at 47

 

 

 

1954 – Robert CapaHungarianborn photojournalist (b. 1913)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Sonny Boy Williamson, [Aleck Miller], blues harp playerdies at 65

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1971 – Jo Etha Collier, young black woman killed by 3 whites in Drew Miss

1974 – Pam Morrison, wife of Door’s vocalist Jim, dies of drug overdose

1981 – Roy Brown, American boxer/rocker, dies of a heart attack at 55

1981 – Fredric Warburg, British publisher and author (b. 1898)

1985 – Harold Hecht, choreographer, dies at 77 of cancer

1986 – Chester Bowles, US senator/ambassador, dies at 85

1990 – Vic Tayback, actor (Mel-Alice), dies of a heart attack at 60

1992 – Marshall Thompson, US actor (To Hell & Back), dies at 66

1992 – Nancy Walker, actress (Ida Morgenstein-Rhoda), dies of cancer at 71

1992 – Philip C Habib, US diplomat (Middle-East/Asia), dies at 72

1994 – Eric Gale, guitarist, dies at 55

1995 – Dick Curless, singer/songwriter, dies at 63

1996 – Buck, dog (Married with Children), dies at 13

1996 – David W Howe, test pilot, dies at 77

2005 – Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (b. 1938)

2006 – Desmond Dekker, Jamaican ska musician (b. 1941)

2007 – Charles Nelson Reilly, American actor and host (b. 1931)

2008 – J. R. Simplot, American potato farmer (b. 1909)

2010 – Gabriel Vargas, Mexican cartoonist (b. 1915)

2012 – Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer, dies at 93

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    In remembrance of those who made the ultimate sacrifice here are some links to Memorial Day posts from our archives … 

 

Americans Forget The Meaning Of Memorial Day!

Know Your History … The Origins Of Memorial Day

A Little Reminder Of What Memorial Day Is Really About …

Memorial Day Via The Looking Spoon

What Memorial Day Is Really All About

History Of Memorial Day

Military.com Memorial Day Tribute

No Daily Comedy 5.27.13 – Memorial Day Tributes

Daily Video 5.27.13 Memorial Day 2013

Thank You , Mr President … For Staying Away From Arlington On Memorial Day

 

 

 

Thank you veterans , both living and deceased , we honor your sacrifice …

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

“Taps” Performed In Arlington National Cemetery

Summer And Winter

 

 

 

 

Published on Jan 21, 2014

” The buglers of The United States Army Band “Pershing’s Own” perform over 5000 missions a year in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, VA.
Featured here are SSG Jesse Tubb (summer) and SSG Drew Fremder (winter) “

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1086 – Abbott Dauferio/Desiderius becomes Pope Victor III

1153 – Malcolm IV becomes King of Scots

1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt.

1276 – Magnus Ladulås is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral.

1300 – King Philip IV occupies Flanders, Earl Gwijde captured

1370 – Hanzesteden signs peace treaty with Danish king Waldemar IV

1487 – Imposter Lambert Simnel ceremony crowned as King Edward VI of Dublin

1595 – Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library.

1621 – The Protestant Union is formally dissolved.

1658 – Battle of Dunes (Spanish-French War) fought

1689 – English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants

1738 – John Wesley is converted, essentially launching the Methodist movement; the day is celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day.

1798 – Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins.

1809 – Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war

1818 – Gen Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida

1822 – Battle of Pichincha, Bolívar secures independence of Quito from Spain

1830 – “Mary Had A Little Lamb,” is published

1830 – 1st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)

1844 – Samuel Morse taps out “What hath God wrought” (1st telegraph message)

1854 – Lincoln University, Penn, 1st Black college in US founded by John Miller Dickey and Sarah Emlen Cresson

 

 

 

1856 – Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas

 

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Alexandria, VA occupied by Federal troops

1861 – Maj Gen Benjamin Butler declares slaves “contraband of war”

1862 – Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time

1862 – Westminster Bridge across Thames opens

1877 – 5th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:45.5

1878 – CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston

1879 – 7th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Harold wins in 2:40.5

1881 – Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die

1883 – Brooklyn Bridge opened by Pres Arthur & Gov Cleveland

1884 – Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People’s Party in US

1890 – Geo Train & Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma

1899 – 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)

1900 – 34th Belmont: Nash Turner aboard Ildrim wins in 2:21¼

1901 – Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales.

1902 – Cleve’s Bill Bradley is 1st ALer to hit a HR run in 4 consecutive games, not duplicated until Babe Ruth does it June 25, 1918

1905 – 39th Belmont: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Tanya wins in 2:08

1915 – Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations

1916 – Conscription begins in Britain

1916 – French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured

1916 – US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker

1926 – Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000 m (8:25.4)

1928 – Record 12 future Hall of Famers take the field, as Yanks beat A’s 9-7

1930 – 1st woman to fly from England to Australia solo, lands (Amy Johnson)

1930 – Ruth homers in both games of a doubleheader, giving him 9 in one week

1931 – 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad

1935 – 1st major league night baseball game, in Cincinnati (Reds 2, Phil 1)

1936 – Tony Lazerri 2 grand slams (11 RBIs); Ben Chapman sets record  reaching 1st 7 times safely, Yanks beat A’s 25-2

 

 

 

1941 – Bismarck sinks British battle cruiser HMS Hood1,416 die 3 survive

 

 

 

 

 

 

1943 – Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

1943 – U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje

1951 – Racial segregation in Wash DC restaurants ruled illegal

1954 – 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, NM

1954 – Dr Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st black to head an AMA unit

1954 – German airline Lufthansa forms

1954 – IBM announces vacuum tube “electronic” brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour

1956 – Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha’s Parinibbāna.

1958 – Pres Batista opens offensive against Fidel Castro’s rebellion

1958 – UP & International News Service merge into United Press International

1959 – 1st house with built-in bomb shelter exhibited (Pleasant Hills Pa)

1960 – 1 millionth Dutch telephone installed

1961 – 27 Freedom Riders arrested in Jackson, Mississippi

1962 – M Scott Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 launched into Earth orbit

1963 – 1st Lockheed A-12 to crash, CIA pilot Ken Collins ejects safely

1964 – Longest HR (471′) in Balt Memorial Stadium (Harmon Killebrew, Minn)

1964 – Panic in Lima Peru soccer stadium, kills 300

1966 – “Mame” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 1508 performances

1967 – AFL grants a franchise to Cincinnati Bengals

1968 – FLQ separatists bomb the U.S. consulate in Quebec City.

1969 – Beatles’ “Get Back,” single goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks

1970 – Peter Green quits Fleetwood Mac to join a religious cult

1970 – The drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the Soviet Union.

1971 – A commuter bus plunges into Panama Canal, killing 38 of 43 aboard

1974 – Dean Martin Show, last airs on NBC-TV

1976 – 1st commercial SST flight to North America (Concorde to Wash DC)

1976 – In the Judgment of Paris, wine testers rate wines from California higher than their French counterparts, challenging the notion of France being the foremost producer of the world’s best wines.

1980 – “Rock Lobster” by B-52’s hits #56

1980 – Iran rejects a call to World Court to release US hostages

1981 – Bobby Unser wins, loses, & wins a controversial Indy 500

1981 – Hostage situation ends at Central Bank in Barcelona Spain

1982 – Liberation of Khorramshahr, Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during the Iran-Iraq War.

1985 – “View to a Kill” premieres in US

1985 – -25) cyclone hits Bangladesh; about 10,000 die

1986 – Margaret Thatcher becomes 1st British PM to visit Israel

1987 – Al Unser Sr, 47, wins his 4th Indy 500

1988 – John Moschitta set record for fast talking: 586 words per minute

1989 – “Indiana Jones & Last Crusade” premieres

1989 – French war criminal Paul Touvier arrested in monastery in Nice

1989 – Sonia Sutcliffe, wife of the Yorkshire Ripper, is awarded £600,000 in damages (later reduced to £60,000 on appeal) after winning a libel action against Private Eye.

1990 – Andre Dawson receives a record 5 intentional walks in a game

1990 – A car carrying American Earth First! activists Judi Bari and Darryl Cherney explodes in Oakland, California, critically injuring both.

1992 – Al Unser Jr wins Indy 500

1993 – Eritrea achieved independence from Ethiopia after 30-year civil war

1993 – Kim Basinger files for bankruptcy to avoid paying $7.4M settlement

1993 – Kurd rebellion kills 33 soldiers & 5 citizens in Turkey

1994 – Poison singer Bret Michaels gets into a car crash

1996 – “Spy Hard,” starring Leslie Nielsen is released

2001 – Mountain climbing: 15-year-old Sherpa Temba Tsheri becomes the youngest person to climb to the top of Mount Everest.

2001 – The Versailles wedding hall disaster in Jerusalem, Israel, kills 23 and injures over 200 in Israel’s worst-ever civil disaster.

2001 – The Democrats gain control of the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1994 when Senator James Jeffords of Vermont abandons the Republican Party and declares himself an independent.

2004 – Communications in North Korea: North Korea bans mobile phones.

 

 

 

Births

15 BC – Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commander (d. 19)

1522 – John Jewel, English bishop (d. 1571)

1544 – William Gilbert, Essex England, physicist (researcher into magnetism)

1605 – Nikon, [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church

1650 – John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist

1671 – Gian Gastone de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1737)

1738 – George III, King of Great Britain (1760-1820)

 

 

 

1743 – Jean-Paul MaratFrance , physician ,  revolutionary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1753 – Oliver CromwellBurlington NJdecorated black soldier who served with Washington in US War of Independence

 

 

 

 

 

 

1794 – William Whewell, British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)

1811 – Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877

 

 

 

1816 – Emanuel LeutzeUSpainter (Washington Crossing the Delaware)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1816 – Robert Seaman Granger, (Union Army Bvt Major general, died in 1894)

1819 – Victoria Alexandrine, Queen of Great Britain (1837-1901)

1854 – Louis Mountbatten, admiral (WW I)

1854 – John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy (d. 1918)

1868 – Charles E. Taylor, First aircraft maintenance professional (d. 1956)

1870 – Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (d. 1938)

1870 – Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations (d. 1950)

1878 – Lillian Moller Gilbreth, engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954)

1879 – H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese’s and founder (d. 1956)

1882 – Creighton Hale, Cork Ireland, actor (Gorilla Man, Way Down East)

1887 – Edward “Mick” Mannock, Irish WWI flying ace (d. 1918)

1891 – Benedictus H Danser, Dutch botanist

1891 – William F Albright, US old testament scholar/archaeologist

1893 – W H Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda)

1895 – Samuel I Newhouse, US millionaire publisher (Parade, Vogue, Glamour)

1903 – Aram Katchaturian, Armenian composer, (Earth)

1904 – Kenneth Buckley, British rear-admiral

1904 – Patrick Johnson, physicist

1905 – Mikhail Sholokhov, USSR, writer (And Quiet Flows the Don, Nobel 1965)

1909 – Wilbur Mills, (Rep-D-Ark)/involved with Fanne Foxe

1911 – Barbara West, English survivor of the Titanic sinking (d. 2007)

1913 – Audrey Brown, England, 4 X 100m runner (Olympic-silver-1936)

1914 – Lilli Palmer, [Peiser], Germany, actress (Gentle Sex, Lotte in Weimar)

1918 – Coleman A Young, civil rights leader (Mayor-D-Detroit)

1919 – Sid Couchey, Cleveland, Ohio, comic book artist (Richie Rich), (d. 2012)

1925 – Mai Zetterling, Vaeras Sweden, actress (Witches, Offbeat, Jet Storm)

1927 – John Kelly Jr, US, sculls (Oly-bronze-1956)/brother of Grace Kelly

1927 – Timothy Beven, CEO (Barclays Bank)

1928 – William Trevor, Brit writer (Children of Dynmouth, Fools of Fortune)

1938 – Glen Hall, cricket leg-spinner (South African in one Test v England 1964)

1938 – Tommy Chong, Edmonton, Alberta, comedian/actor (Cheech & Chong)

1940 – Gary Burghoff, Bristol CT, actor (Radar-M*A*S*H)

1941 – Bob Dylan, [Zimmerman], Minn, singer/songwriter (Blowin’ in Wind)

1942 – Derek Quinn, guitarist (Freddie & Dreamers-I’m Telling You Now)

1942 – Sarah Dash, Trenton NJ, rocker (LaBelle-Lady Marmalade)

1944 – Patti LaBelle, [Holt], Phila Pa, singer (LaBelle-Lady Marmalade)

1945 – Priscilla Presley, Bkln NY, actress (Jenna-Dallas, Naked Gun)

1946 – Irina Kirszenstein Szewinska, Lenningrad, long jumper (Oly-bron-1972)

1946 – Steve Upton, rock drummer (Wishbone Ash-There’s the Rub, Locked In)

1949 – John Illsley, rocker (Dire Straits)

1949 – Jim Broadbent, English actor

1951 – Rob Baker, rock drummer (Red Rider)

1955 – Rosanne Cash, Memphis Tn, country singer (Seven Year Ache, I Wonder)

1962 – Dorothy Trapp, equestrian 3-day (Olympics-96)

1963 – Ivan Capelli, Italian racing driver

1963 – Michael Chabon, American author

1965 – Shinichiro Watanabe, Japanese anime director

1966 – Ricky Craven, American NASCAR driver

1967 – Heavy D, rapper

1967 – Margaret Crowley, Australian 800m/1500m runner (Olympics-96)

1970 – Thomas Alden Page, Glenridge NJ, rocker (New Kids-Hangin’ Tough)

1973 – Ruslana, Ukrainian singer

1974 – Will Sasso, Canadian actor and comedian

1977 – Kym Valentine. Australian actress

1981 – Marketa Janska, Czech model and Playboy Playmate

1983 – Ben “Yahtzee” Croshaw, Anglo-Australian videogame creator and critic

1985 – Tim Bridgman, British racing driver

1990 – Joey Logano, American racecar driver

1996 – Matthew Eappen, Boston Mass, baby killed by nanny Louise Woodward

 

 

Deaths

1144 – Petronella, wife of earl Floris II the Vette of Holland/regent, dies

1153 – David I, King of Scots (1124-53), dies at about 68

1351 – Abu al-Hasan ‘Ali, Sultan of Morocco (b. circa 1297)

1408 – Taejo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1335)

1425 – Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)

1456 – Ambroise de Loré, French military commander (b. 1396)

 

 

 

1543 – Nicolas Copernicusastronomerdies in Poland

 

 

 

 

 

 

1612 – Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury/PM (1598-1612), dies at 48

1734 – Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)

1806 – John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)

1843 – Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1765)

1861 – Elmer Ellsworth, US warrior (Chicago Zouaves), shot to death at 23

1861 – James T Jackson, US landlord (doodde EE Ellsworth), shot dead)

1876 – Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1843)

1879 – William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionist (Liberator), dies at 73

1908 – Old Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (b. 1821)

1941 – Lancelot Holland, British vice-admiral ((WW II/Hood), dies in battle

1949 – Aleksey Shchusev, Russian architect (b. 1873)

1950 – Archibald Wavell, British general (b. 1883)

1959 – John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State (1953-59), dies at 71

 

 

 

1963 – Elmore Jamesblues guitaristdies at 45 of a heart attack

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1974 – Duke EllingtonJazz musician ,band leaderdies of cancer at 75

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1984 – Vincent J. McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter (b. 1914)

1986 – Stephen D Thorne, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, dies in a plane crash at 33

1986 – Yakima Canutt, actor/director (Diary of a Young Comic), dies at 91

1987 – Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold, actress (Gigi, Music Man), dies at 89

1991 – Gene Clark, folk-rocker (Byrds-Tambourine Man), dies at 49

1993 – Milton O Thompson, astronaut (Dynasoar, X-15), dies at 66

1994 – Yehuda Mor-Mirkovsky, Israeli kibbutz-founder, dies at 96

1995 – Mike Pyne, jazz Pianist, dies at 54

1996 – Alexander Langsdorf, physicist, dies at 83

1996 – Jack McCarthy, kiddie show host (Popeye), dies of cancer at 81

1997 – Edward Mulhare, actor (Ghost & Mrs Muir), dies of lung cancer at 74

2004 – Henry Ries, American photographer (b. 1917)

 

 

 

2008 – Dick Martin , American comedian (b. 1922)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2009 – Jay Bennett, American guitarist, multi-instrumentalist, engineer, producer, and singer-songwriter (b. 1963)

2010 – Paul Gray, American bassist (Slipknot) (b. 1972)

2011 – Huguette Clark, Heiress of the Clark Copper fortune, life-long reclusion from society. (b. 1906)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1059 – Henri I crowns his son compassionate King Philip I of France

1275 – King Edward I of Engld orders cessation of persecution of French Jews

1420 – Jews of Syria & Austria expelled

1430 – Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the British

1536 – Pope Paul III installs Portugese inquisition

1568 – Battle at Heiligerlee: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, 100s killed

1568 – The Netherlands declare their independence from Spain.

1576 – Tycho Brahe given Hveen Island to build Uraniborg Observatory

1609 – Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place.

1618 – 2nd Defenestration of Prague; beginning of 30 Years War. Four Catholic Lords Regents thrown out of window

1660 – King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England

1701 – After being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London.

 

 

 

1706 – Battle of RamilliesMarlborough defeats French17,000 killed

 

 

 

 

 

 

1774 – Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)

1785 – Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

1788 – SC becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution

1813 – South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador (“The Liberator”)

1861 – Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession

1862 – Battle at Front Royal, Virginia

1862 – Valley Campaign-Stonewall Jackson takes Ft Royal, Virginia

1863 – Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.

1864 – Battle of Dallas, GA

1864 – Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting

1865 – -24] Victory parade in Washington, DC (Grand Review)

1867 – Jesse James-gang rob bank in Richmond Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)

1873 – 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43

1873 – Canada’s North West Mounted Police Force forms

1876 – 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)

1882 – 6″ of snow falls in eastern Iowa

1883 – 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43

1884 – 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39.5

1887 – 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, BC

1894 – William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal

1898 – 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from SF

1900 – Associated Press News Service forms in NY

1901 – 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21

1901 – US captures leader of Philippine rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo

1903 – 1st automobile trip across US from SF to NY, ended April 1

1903 – 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin

1908 – Dirigible explodes over SF Bay, 16 passengers fall, none die

1915 – Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary & Germany during WW I

1916 – Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun

1921 – “Shuffle Along” 1st black musical comedy, opens in NYC

1922 – Harry Greb gave Gene Tunney his only professional boxing defeat

1922 – Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films

1923 – 1st flight of Sabena: Brussel-Lympne, Great Britain

1923 – Launch of Belgium’s SABENA airline.

1928 – Bomb attack on Italians embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die

 

 

 

1934 – The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the “Battle of Toledo”a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – 1st scheduled night game, postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)

1939 – British decoration, George Cross, 1st presented

1939 – British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949

 

 

 

1939 – USS Squalis sank off Portsmouth NH26 die

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – 1st great dogfight between Spitfires

1941 – Joe Louis beats Buddy Baer on DQ in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

1943 – -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

1944 – British/Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo Italy

1944 – Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front

1944 – Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941

1945 – British milt police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz

1945 – German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British

1945 – Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44

1945 – Lord Haw-Haw arrested at Danish boundary

1948 – Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs

1949 – Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)

1953 – 79th Preakness: Eric Guerin aboard Native Dancer wins in 1:57.8

1958 – Schools 1st use Cliff’s Notes

1958 – Mao Tse tung start “Great leap forward” movement in China

1958 – Explorer 1 ceases transmission.

1959 – Presbyterian church accepts women preachers

1960 – Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina

1962 – Joe Pepitone 2nd Yankee to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning (Joe DiMaggio)

1962 – OAS leader general Raoul Salan sentenced to life

1962 – Scott Carpenter orbits Earth 3 times in US Aurora 7

1963 – NBC purchases 1963 AFL championship game TV rights for $926,000

1964 – Dale Greig runs female marathon world record (3:27:45)

1965 – Pontoon ferry overturned on Shire River Malawi, kills 150

1969 – BBC orders 13 episodes of Monty Python’s Flying Circus

1969 – Who release rock opera “Tommy”

1970 – Grateful Dead’s 1st performance outside of US (England)

1970 – A fire breaks out in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales contributing to its partial destruction and causing approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage.

1971 – Rock group Iron Butterfly disbands

1974 – Italian Red Brigade officer Mario Sossi freed

1977 – Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals of Watergate wrong doers H R Halderman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell

 

 

 

1977 – Moluccan extremists hold 105 schoolchildren & 50 others hostages on a hijacked train in Nethchildren released May 27siege ends June 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

1979 – “Kids Are All Right” premieres

1979 – Rocker Tom Petty files chapter 11 bankruptcy

1982 – BBC warns Britain will bomb Argentina

1988 – Maryland stops sale of cheap pistols on Jan 1, 1990

1990 – Cost of rescuing savings & loan failures is put at up to $130 billion

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,856.26

1991 – Last Cubans troops leave Angola

1991 – US Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion

1992 – Pres Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees

1994 – 270 pilgrims dies in bustle round Mina Saudi-Arabia

1994 – Star Trek The Next Generation, finale airs this week in syndication

1995 – 47th time opposing pitchers hit HRS, K Foster (Cubs)/M Freeman (Rocks)

1998 – The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.

2002 – The “55 parties” clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland.

2003 – The euro exceeds its initial trading value as it hits $1.18 for the first time since its introduction in 1999.

2004 – Part of Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport’s Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.

 

 

Births

1052 – King Philip I of France (d. 1108)

1100 – Emperor Qinzong of China (d. 1161)

1598 – Claude Mellan, French engraver/cartoonist/painter, baptized

1606 – Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer (d. 1682)

1617 – Elias Ashmole, antiquary

1620 – Pieter Neefs, the Younger, Flemish painter, baptized

1707 – Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist and the Father of Taxonomy (d. 1778)

1710 – Francois-Gaspard Adam, French sculptor (garden sculptures)

1734 – Friedrich Anton Mesmer, Austria, physician/hypnotist (Mesmerism)

1790 – Jules Dumont d’Urville, French explorer (d. 1842)

1795 – Charles Barry, architect

1813 – Mason Brayman, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1820 – James Buchanan Eads, US, engineer/inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis)

1820 – Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California (d. 1891)

 

 

 

1824 – Ambrose Everett BurnsideMajor General (Union volunteers)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1828 – Edward Hitchcock, America’s 1st prof of physical ed (Amherst College)

1834 – Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)

1837 – James Sanks Brisbin, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1844 – `Abdu’l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá’í Faith (d. 1921)

1848 – Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WW I)

1848 – Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator

1862 – William “Dummy” Hoy, professional baseball player who lived to 99

1875 – Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)

1883 – Douglas Fairbanks, Denver CO, actor (Zorro/3 Musketeers/Robin Hood)

1887 – Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)

1893 – Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)

1900 – Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)

1903 – Walter Reisch, US, screenwriter (Ninotchka, Gaslight, Titanic)

1907 – Kenneth Allen, engineer

1908 – John Bardeen, US, physicist (transistor, Nobel 1956, 1972)

1908 – Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)

1910 – Artie Shaw, [Arthur Arshawsky], NYC, bandleader (Come’on my House)

1910 – Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter

1910 – Scatman Crothers, [Benjamin], Terre Haute IN, actor (Zapped, Shining)

1911 – Melvin M Payne, president (National Geographic Society)

1912 – John Payne, Roanoke Va, actor (Restless Gun)

1914 – Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)

1915 – Clyde Wiegand, physicist

1917 – Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (d. 2008)

1918 – Bumps Blackwell, rocker

1920 – Sid Melton, Bkln NY, actor (Alf-Green Acres, Charlie-Danny Thomas)

1921 – Humphrey Lyttelton, jazz musician/actor (It’s Great to Be Young)

1921 – James [Benjamin] Blish, US/UK, sci-fi author (Hugo, Star Trek Reader)

1928 – Nigel Davenport, Cambridge England, actor (Without a Clue, Masada)

1928 – Nina Otkalenko, USSR, 800m runner (9 world records)

 

 

 

1928 – Rosemary ClooneyKentucky,  singer , actress

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1931 – Barbara Barrie, Chicago, actress (Breaking Away, Barney Miller)

1933 – Bruce A Peterson, US test pilot (M2, HL-10)

1933 – Joan Henrietta Collins, London, actress (Alexis-Dynasty, Bitch)

1934 – Robert A Moog, inventor (Moog Synthesizer)

1936 – Robert Sangster, horse owner/trainer

1937 – John Mazza, horse trainer

1939 – Ron Stevens, horse trainer

1942 – Zalman King, Trenton, New Jersey, actor and director (Wild Orchid), (d. 2012)

1944 – Ramon “Tiki” Fulwood, US drummer (Funkadelic, Knee Deep)

1945 – Elliott Bernerd, English broker/multi-millionaire

1945 – Lauren Chapin, actress (Kathy-Father Knows Best)

1945 – Padmarajan, Indian film director (d. 1991)

1946 – H. Paul Shuch, American SETI scientist

1947 – Jonathan Pryce, North Wales, stage actor (Miss Saigon)

1950 – Linda Thompson, Memphis Tn, actress (Hee Haw)

1951 – Anatoli Karpov, USSR, world chess champion (1975-85)

1952 – “Marvelous” Marvin Hagler, NJ, middleweight boxing champ (1982-83)

1958 – Thomas Reiter, Germany, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-22)

1958 – Mitch Albom, American writer

 

 

 

1958 – Drew CareyCleve Ohactor/comedian (DrewDrew Carey Show)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1962 – Karen Duffy, [Duff], NYC, MTV VJ/actress (Meet Wally Sparks)

1962 – Imran Anwar, Pakistani Internet pioneer and American TV personality

1967 – Craig John Monk, Auckland NZ, finn class yachter (Olympics-96)

1970 – Yigal Amir, Israeli assassin of Yitzhak Rabin

1970 – Bryan Herta, American race car driver

1971 – Laurel Holloman, American actress

1972 – Rubens Barrichello, Brazilian formula one driver

1974 – Jewel Kilcher, Payson, Utah, American singer-songwriter (Pieces of You)

1974 – Ken Jennings, American game show contestant

1983 – Heidi Range, English singer (Sugababes)

 

 

Deaths

1125 – Hendrik V, Roman catholics German king/emperor (1098/1111-25), dies

1304 – Jehan de Lescurel, French poet and composer

1423 – Benedict XIII, [Pedro the Luna], Spanish Pope (1394-1423), dies

1498 – Girolamo Savonarola, dictator of Florence (1494-98), hanged at 45

 

 

 

1523 – Ashikaga YoshitaneJapanese shogun (b. 1466)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1524 – Ismail I, Shah of Persia (b. 1487)

1568 – Adolf van Nassau, German son of Willem the Rich, dies in battle at 27

1670 – Ferdinando II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1610)

1691 – Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)

 

 

 

1701 – William KiddScottish piratehanged at London’s Execution Dock

 

 

 

 

 

 

1754 – John Wood, architect/town planner, dies

1783 – James Otis, American lawyer, dies

1841 – Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 76

1842 – Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34

1851 – Lucas Pieter Roodbaard, architect, dies at 69

1855 – Charles Robert Malden, English explorer (b. 1797)

1857 – Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789)

 

 

 

1868 – Kit CarsonAmerican trapperscoutand Indian agent (b. 1809)

 

 

 

 

 

1886 – Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)

1895 – Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/physicist, dies at 96

1906 – Henrik Johan Ibsen, Norwegian playwright (Doll House), dies at 78

 

 

 

1934 – Bonnie ParkerAmerican outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush at 23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1934 – Clyde Barrowoutlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush

 

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – John Davison Rockfeller, industrialist, dies at 97 in Ormond Beach Fla

1940 – Andrej N Rimski-Korssakov, Russian musicologist/son of Nikolai, dies

1941 – Lord Herbert Austin, motor manufacturer, dies

1960 – Georges Claude, engineer/inventor, dies

1961 – Joan Davis, comedic actress (I Married Joan), dies at 53

1975 – Jackie “Moms” Mabley, comedienne (Amazing Grace), dies at 81

1979 – Hubert van Doorne, auto manufacturer (DAF), dies at 79

1981 – George Jessel, US comic/toastmaster (Diary of Young Comic), dies at 83

1983 – Albert Claude, Belgian biologist (Nobel 1974), dies at 84

1986 – Sterling Hayden, actor (Blue & Gray), dies at 70

1991 – Peter T Thwaites, British brig-gen/playwright (Love or money), dies

1991 – William Sinnot, Scottish pop musician (Shamen), dies at 30

 

 

 

1994 – Joe PassUS jazz guitarist (The Trio), dies at 65

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

1996 – Kronid Arkadyevich Lyubarsky, human rights activist, dies at 61

1996 – Rob Hall, New Zealand high altitude climber (b. 1941)

1996 – Scott Fischer, American high altitude climber (b. 1955)

2002 – Sam Snead, American golfer (b. 1912)

2012 – Joseph Lesniewski, soldier (Easy Company, 101st Airborne), dies at 91

2012 – Paul Fussell, American historian, dies from natural causes at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events 

334 BC – The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus

 

 

 

 

 

760 – 14th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

 

 

 

1176 – Murder attempt by “Assassins” on Saladin near Aleppo

 

 

 

 

 

 

1200 – Peace of Goulet

1370 – Jews are expelled/massacred from Brussels Belgium

1455 – Open battle in England’s 30-year War of the Roses (St Albans)

1455 – Richard of York takes St Albans, kidnapping King Henry VI

1570 – 1st atlas, with 70 maps, published

1629 – Emperor Ferdinand II & Danish King Christian IV sign Peace of Lubeck

1761 – 1st life insurance policy in US, issued in Phila

1803 – 1st public library opens (Connecticut)

1807 – Former VP Aaron Burr is tried for treason in Richmond Va (acquitted)

1807 – Townsend Speakman 1st sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks (Phila)

1819 – 1st steam propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga)

1840 – The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.

1842 – Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground.

1843 – 1st wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon

1849 – Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device

 

 

 

1856 – Violence in SenateSC rep Brooks used a cane on Mass Sen Sumner

 

 

 

 

1863 – War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops

1864 – Battle of N Anna River, VA (Totopotamy River, Haw’s Shop, Hanovertown)

1868 – Great Train Robbery-7 men (Reno Brother) make off with $98,000 in cash

1872 – Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)

1877 – 3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38

1883 – Cub’s Billy Sunday’s 1st at bat, begins 14 consecutive strikes out

1885 – 13th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49

1888 – Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers

1892 – Dr Washington Sheffield invents toothpaste tube

1900 – Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative

1902 – 36th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Mastermam wins in 2:22.6

1903 – Launch of the White Star Liner, SS Ionic.

1906 – 31st Preakness: Walter Miller aboard Whimsical wins in 1:45

1906 – Wright Brothers patents an aeroplane

1909 – 1st SF fireboat, David Scannell, launched

1915 – Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna Scotland)

1915 – Lassen Peak erupts with a powerful force, and is the only mountain, other than Mount St. Helens, to erupt in the continental US during the 20th century.

1926 – “Five Foot Two, Eyes of Blue” by Gene Austin hits #1

1927 – 8.3 earthquake strikes Nan-Shan China, 200,000 killed

1928 – US Congress accept Jones-White Merchant Naval Act

1930 – Ruth hits 3 consecutive HR (8th-10th of 60 in 1930)

1930 – Yankee “Bronx Bombers” hit 14 HRs in a game

1931 – Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida

 

 

 

1933 – Loch Ness Monster is 1st reportedly sighted by John Mackay

 

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – World Trade Day/National Maritime Day 1st celebrated

1936 – Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.

1938 – Dodgers announce contracts to install lights at Ebbets Field

1939 – Hitler & Benito Mussolini sign “Pact of Steel”

1940 – Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris to decide with General Maxime Weygand a strategy to save the city

1941 – British troops attack Baghdad

1942 – Mexico declares war on nazi-Germany & Japan

1943 – 1st jet fighter is tested

1945 – 6th Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa

1947 – “Truman Doctrine” goes into effect, aiding Turkey & Greece

1947 – 1st US ballistic missile fired

1953 – President Eisenhower signs Offshore Oil Bill

1954 – 80th Preakness: Johnny Adams aboard Hasty Road wins in 1:57.4

1955 – Oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes 6th

1956 – “Bob Hope Show,” last airs on NBC-TV

1959 – Benjamin O Davis Jr becomes 1st black gen-major in USAF

1960 – Virtually all coastal towns between 37th & 44th parallels severly damaged by tsunami that strikes Hilo, Hawaii at 01:04 AM

1961 – “Mother-In-Law” by Ernie K-Doe hits #1

1961 – 1st revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle), opens

1962 – Robert A Rushworth, USAF major, takes X-15 to 30,600m

1962 – Roger Maris walks 5 times (record 4 intentionally) in a 9 inn game

1962 – Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes after bombs explode on board.

1964 – LBJ presents “Great Society”

1965 – “Super-cali-fragil-istic-expi-ali-docious” hits #66

1965 – Beatles’ “Ticket to Ride,” single goes #1

1965 – Mad Dog Vachon beats Igor Vodic in Omaha, to become NWA champ

1967 – “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood,” debuts on NET (now PBS)

1967 – Fire at L’Innovation dept store kills 322 (Brussels, Belgium)

1968 – Pitts Pirate Willie Stargell hits 3 HRs, a double & a single

1969 – Stafford & Cernan pilot Apollo 10 LEM 9.4 mi(15km) above lunar surface

1970 – Arab terrorists kill 9 children & 3 adults on a school bus

1970 – Mel Stottlemyre sets record by walking 11, but wins 2-0

1972 – Ton Sijbrands becomes world checker champion

1972 – US president Nixon begins visit Moscow

1973 – President Nixon confesses his role in Watergate cover-up

 

 

 

1974 – Ruffian begins her racing career as a filly & dies 14 months later

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Final European scheduled run of Orient Express (94 years)

1983 – Pat Bradley wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Tournament

1983 – Toronto Blue Jay Cliff Johnson hits record 18th pinch hit HR

1985 – Pete Rose 2,108th run passes Hank Aaron as NL run scoring leader

1985 – US sailor Michael L Walker arrested for spying for USSR

1986 – Cher called David Letterman an asshole on Late Night on NBC

1987 – 30 killed in a Texas tornado

1990 – Andre Dawson sets record being intentionally walked 5 times

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,852.23

1990 – Microsoft releases Windows 3.0

1990 – North & South Yemen merge to form Republic of Yemen

1992 – India launches its Agni rocket

1992 – Johnny Carson’s final appearance as host of Tonight Show

1993 – Riddick Bowe TKOs Jesse Ferguson in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1995 – Laverne & Shirley 20th anniversary reunionn special, televised

1997 – Kelly Flinn, US Air Force’s first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepts a general discharge in order to avoid a court martial.

1998 – Lewinsky scandal: a federal judge rules that United States Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a grand jury concerning the scandal, involving President Bill Clinton.

2002 – In Washington, DC, the remains of the missing Chandra Levy are found in Rock Creek Park.

2002 – American civil rights movement: a jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church.

 

 

 

2004 – The U.S. town of Hallam, Nebraskais wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado that broke a width record at an astounding 2.5 miles wideIt also kills one local resident.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011 – An EF5 Tornado strikes the US city of JoplinMissouri killing at least 158 peoplethe single deadliest US tornado since modern record keeping began in 1950.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012 – 14 people die and 30 are injured in train collision in India 

 

 

Births 

1622 – Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France (d. 1698)

1671 – Abraham Patras, governor-general of East-Indies (1735-37)

1715 – François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1794)

1724 – Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (d. 1772)

1804 – John William (Turk) Livingston, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885

1821 – Alfred Sully, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879

1844 – Mary Cassatt, US, Impressionist painter (Woman Bathing)

1849 – Louis Perrier, Swiss politician (d. 1913)

1859 – Arthur Conan Doyle, UK, author brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice

1885 – Giacomo Matteotti, Italian politician (d. 1924)

1891 – J R Becher, writer

1891 – Robert Gordon Sproul, educator/college pres (Univ of California)

1891 – Eddie Edwards, American jazz trombonist (d. 1963)

1903 – Yves Rocard, French physicist (d. 1992)

1906 – Harry Ritz, US comic (Ritz Brothers-Silent Movie)

1907 – Laurence Olivier, England, actor (Rebecca, Hamlet, Jazz Singer)

1908 – Rattana Pestonji, Thai filmmaker (d. 1970)

1908 – Horton Smith. American golfer (d. 1963)

1914 – Sun Ra, American musician (d. 1993)

1920 – Thomas Gold, astronomer (proposed steady-state theory of universe)Austrian astrophysicist (d. 2004)

1922 – Judith Crist, NY, movie critic (TV Guide)

1924 – Charles Aznavour, Armenia, French singer (Monsieur Carnavel, Tin Drum)

1927 – Michael Constantine, Penn, actor (Room 222, Don’t Drink the Water)

1928 – T Boone Pickens, CEO (Shamrock, Mesa Petroleum Co)

1930 – Kenny Ball, rocker, (d. 2013)

1930 – Harvey Milk, Woodmere, NY, politicians and gay activist, (d. 1978)

1934 – Peter Nero, NYC, conductor/pianist (A Sunday in NY)

1936 – M. Scott Peck, American psychiatrist and writer (d. 2005)

1938 – Richard Benjamin, NYC, director/actor (Goodbye Columbus, He & She)

1938 – Susan Strasberg, NYC, actress (In Praise of Older Women, Manitou)

1940 – Bernard Shaw, news correspondant (CBS, CNN)

1940 – Michael Sarrazin, actor (Seduction, They Shoot Horses Don’t They)

1941 – Paul Winfield, LA, actor (Star Trek II, Huckleberry Finn, Mars Attack)

1942 – Calvin Simon, US rock vocalist (Funkadelic-1 Nation Under a Groove)

1942 – Theodore Kaczynski, American terrorist

1943 – Tommy John, pitcher (Yankee/Dodger)

1946 – George Best, footballer/soccer player (Manchester United, Northern Ireland)

1950 – Bernie Taupin, lyricist (writes with Elton John)

1952 – Jan Todd, woman power lifter, once lifted 248 kg in a squat

1953 – John Edward Stevens, NYC, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List)

1955 – Iva Davies, rock guitarist/vocalist (Icehouse)

1955 – Jimmy Lyon, American guitarist (Eddie Money)

1959 – Morrissey, rocker (Depeche Mode-Somebody)

1961 – Dana Williams, Dayton Ohio, singer (Diamond Rio-Meet in the Middle)

1966 – Kenny Hickey, American guitarist (Type O Negative)

1967 – John Vanderslice, American musician

1970 – Naomi Campbell, London England, model/actress (Cool as Ice, Unzipped)

1972 – Alison Eastwood, daughter of actor Clint/actress (Tightrope)

1974 – A. J. Langer, American actress

1978 – Ginnifer Goodwin, American actress

1978 – Katie Price, British model

1979 – Nadia Khan, TV Presenter

1979 – Maggie Q, American actress

1982 – Apolo Anton Ohno, American short track speed skater

1983 – John Hopkins, Anglo-American motorcycling racer

1984 – Joe Lauzon, American martial artist

1985 – Caridee English, American Model

 

 

Deaths

337 – Constantine the Great, Emperor of Rome (306-37) dies at 47

748 – Empress Genshō of Japan (b. 680)

987 – Louis V le Faineant, the Lazy, king of France (986-87), poisoned at 20

1068 – Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan (b. 1025)

1455 – Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (killed in battle)

1455 – Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, English commander (killed in battle) (b. 1406)

1457 – Saint Rita of Cascia, Italian saint (b. 1381)

1538 – John Forrest, English Franciscan friar (martyred) (b. 1471)

1666 – Gaspar Schott, German scientist (b. 1608)

1745 – François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (b. 1671)

1819 – John H van Kinsbergen, lt-admiral/founder (Corps Marines), dies at 84

1868 – Julius Plucker, German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies

 

 

 

1885 – Victor HugoFrench writer (Les Miserables), dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1925 – John [Denton Pinkstone] French, Brit field marshall (WWI), dies at 72

1932 – Lady Augusta, [Isabella Gregory], playwright (Gold Apple), dies at 80

1961 – Joan Davis, actress (I Married Joan), dies of heart attack at 53

1965 – Bobby Watson, comedian (Hitler Gang, Boys Town), dies at 77

1965 – Heinrich Barth, Swiss philosopher (Das Sein in der Zeit), dies

1965 – Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (b. 1882)

1967 – James Langston Hughes, American poet laureate, dies at 65

1972 – Margaret Rutherford, English actress (Murder Ahoy, VIP’s), dies at 80

1975 – Lefty Grove, American Baseball Player (b. 1900)

1984 – John Marley, actor (Cat Ballou), dies at 77 following heart surgery

1988 – Dennis Day, tenor/comedian (Jack Benny Show, Danny Boy), dies at 71

1989 – Steven DeGroote, South African classical pianist (b. 1953)

1990 – Max Wall, actor (Jabberwocky), dies

 

 

 

1990 – Rocky Grazianoboxer/writer/actor (Mr Rock & Roll), dies at 71 of heart failure

 

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – Mieczyslaw Horszowski, Polish/US pianist (Carnegie Hall), dies at 100

1994 – Frederick Hemming McClintock, criminologist, dies at 68

1994 – Mitacq, [Michel Tacq], Belgium comic strip artist (Beaver Patrol), dies

1997 – Alfred Hershey, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1908)

2005 – Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor and singer (b. 1914)

2012 – Wesley Brown, 1st African American US Naval Academy graduate, dies at 85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—–

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

143 – Earliest known date in Amer-pre Mayan king Harvest-Bergvorst installed

685 – Battle at Nechtansmere/Dun Nechtain: Picts beat Northumbrians

878 – Syracuse, Italy is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.

879 – Pope John VIII gives blessings to duke Branimir and to Croatian people, considered to be international recognition of Croatian state.

996 – Pope Gregory V crowns his cousin Otto III German emperor

1040 – King Henry III gives Utrecht the Groninger currency

1260 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire sends his envoy Hao Jing and two other advisors to the Song Dynasty court of Emperor Lizong of Song; while attempting to negotiate with the Song in order to resolve their conflict, Hao Jing and his fellow emissaries are imprisoned by order of the high Chancellor of China, Jia Sidao.

1471 – King Edward IV enters London

1502 – Portuguese admiral Da Nova discovers St Helena

1602 – Martha’s Vineyard 1st sighted (Captain Bartholomew Gosnold)
1674 – General John Sobieski chosen King of Poland

1725 – The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky is instituted in Russia by the empress Catherine I. It would later be discontinued and then reinstated by the Soviet government in 1942 as the Order of Alexander Nevsky.

1758 – Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War.

1804 – Lewis & Clark Expedition begins

1809 – Battle at Aspern-Essling: Austrian arch duke Karl beats Napoleon

1832 – 1st Democratic National Convention (Baltimore)

1840 – NZ became a British colony

1846 – 1st steamship arrives in Hawaii

1856 – Lawrence Kansas captured, sacked by pro-slavery forces

1861 – NC is 10th state to secede from Union

1861 – Richmond, Va is designated Confederate Capital

1863 – Siege on Port Hudson, Louisiana begins

1864 – Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning.

1878 – 4th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Carter aboard Day Star wins in 2:37.25

1879 – War of the Pacific: Two Chilean ships blocking the harbor of Iquique (then belonging to Peru) battle two Peruvian vessels in the Battle of Iquique.

1881 – American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton

1886 – 14th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Bard wins in 2:45

1891 – Boxers Peter Jackson & Jim Corbett fight to a draw in 61 rounds

1894 – 22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine.

1897 – Yerkes Observatory 40″ (1m) refractor used for 1st time

1904 – Federation Internationale de Football Association (Soccer) forms in Paris

1906 – Louis H Perlman patents a demountable tire carrying rim for cars

1907 – 32nd Preakness: G Mountain aboard Don Enrique wins in 1:45.4

 

 

 

1908 – 1st horror movie (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hydepremieres in Chicago

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – 39th Preakness: Andy Schuttinger aboard Holiday wins in 1:53.8

1914 – Greyhound Bus Co begins in Minnesota

1917 – Leo Pinckney, 1st American drafted during WW I

1917 – The Great Atlanta fire of 1917 takes place.

1918 – House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote

1921 – Oldest radio station west of Mississippi River licensed in Greeley Co

1922 – Col Ruppert buys out Col Huston interest in NY Yankees for $1,500,000

1924 – Leopold & Loeb kidnap Bobby Franks for fun

1925 – Roald Amundsun leaves Spitsbergen with 2 seaplanes to North Pole

1927 – Lindburgh lands in Paris, after 1st solo air crossing of Atlantic

1929 – Automatic electric stock quotation board installed, NYC

1930 – NY Yankee Babe Ruth hits 3 consecutive homers

1932 – 1st transatlantic solo flight by a woman (Amelia Earhart) lands in Ireland

1934 – Oskaloosa Iowa, becomes 1st US city to fingerprint its citizens

 

 

 

1936 – Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover’s severed genitals in her handHer story soon becomes one of Japan’s most notorious scandals.

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – AVRO-chairman Willem Vogt fires all Jewish employees

1941 – 1st US ship sunk by a U-boat (SS Robin Moore)

1941 – Singer Johan Heesters visits Dachau concentration camp

1945 – German war criminal Heinrich Himmler captured

1945 – Lauren Bacall & Humphrey Bogart wed

1948 – NY Yank Joe Dimaggio hits for cycle (single, double, triple, HR)

1950 – Vietnamese troops of Ho Chi-Minh attack Cambodia

1955 – 1st transcontinental round-trip solo flight-sunrise to sunset

1956 – US explodes 1st airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll

1958 – Indonesian paratroopers reconquers Morotai Island

1960 – 86th Preakness: Bobby Ussery aboard Bally Ache wins in 1:57.6

1961 – Governor Patterson declares martial law in Montgomery

1964 – 1st nuclear-powered lighthouse begins operations (Chesapeake Bay)

1964 – US begin intelligence flights above Laos

1966 – “Downtown” by Mrs Miller hits #82

1966 – 92nd Preakness: Don Brumfield aboard Kauai King wins in 1:55.4

1966 – Louie Louie by The Kingsmen reentered the chart & hits #97

1966 – Muhammad Ali TKOs Henry Cooper in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

 

 

 

1968 – Nuclear-powered sub USS Scorpionwith 99 menreported missing & is later found at the bottom of the ocean off Azores

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Robert Kennedy’s murderer Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death

1969 – After 9,015 at bats Hank Aaron is lifted for a pinch hitter, Mike Lum, who doubled in a 15-3 victory over NY Mets

1970 – National Guard mobilizes to quell disturbances at Ohio State U

1971 – National Guard mobilizes to quell riot in Chattanooga Tenn

1972 – Michelangelo’s Pietà in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal.

1975 – Trial against Baader-Meinhof-group begins in Stuttgart

1977 – 103rd Preakness: Jean Cruguet aboard Seattle Slew wins in 1:54.4

1977 – Fire in hotel Duc de Brabant Brussels, kills 19

1978 – Yamada Mumon Roshi appointed head of Zen Rinzai Sect

1979 – Dan White convicted of manslaughter death of SF mayor Moscone

1979 – Elton John becomes 1st western rocker to perform live in USSR

1980 – “Empire Strikes Back” premieres

1982 – British troops lands on Falkland Islands

1983 – “Bang The Drum All Day” by Todd Rundgren hits #63

1983 – 109th Preakness: Donald Miller Jr on Deputed Testamony wins in 1:55.4

1987 – Military coup in Fiji Islands under lt col Sitivani Rabuka

1988 – “Fat” by Weird Al Yankovic hits #99

1988 – 114th Preakness: Eddie Delahoussaye aboard Risen Star wins in 1:56.2

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,844.68

 

 

 

1990 – Last episode of Newhart” airs on CBS-TV

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – 120th Preakness: Pat Day aboard Tabasco Cat wins in 1:56.4

1994 – Reds bat out of order against Dodgers in 2nd inning

1994 – South Yemen secedes from Yemen

1996 – Blackout in many areas of Queens NY

1996 – Ken Griffey Jr, 26, is 8th youngest to hits 200 home runs

1996 – Red Sox pitcher Roger Clemens beats Yankees for his 200th win

1996 – The Trappist Martyrs of Atlas are executed.

1997 – Emmy 24th Daytime Award presentation – Susan Lucci loses for 17th time

1998 – In Miami, Florida, five abortion clinics are hit by a butyric acid attacker.

1998 – Suharto, the Indonesian dictator who had ruled for 32 years, resigns.

1999 – All My Children star Susan Lucci finally wins a Daytime Emmy after being nominated 19 times, the longest period of unsuccessful nominations in television history

2001 – French Taubira law officially recognizes the Atlantic slave trade and slavery as crimes against humanity.

2004 – Sherpa Pemba Dorjie climbs Mount Everest in 8 hours 10 minutes, breaking his rival Sherpa Lakpa Gelu’s record from the previous year.

2004 – Stanislav Petrov is awarded the World Citizen Award for averting a potential World War III in 1983.

2006 – The Swedish ice hockey team Tre Kronor takes gold in the World Championship, becoming the first nation to hold both the World and Olympic titles separately in the same year.

 

 

 

2007 – The Cutty Sark is badly damaged by fire in LondonEnglandShe is the last surviving clipper.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012 – 120 people are killed and 350 injured by a suicide bomb in Sana’a, Yemen

2012 – 13 people are killed and 22 people injured after a bus falls 80 metres off a cliff in Albania

 

 

Births

1471 – Albrecht Durer, Nornberg Germany, Renaissance painter/print maker

1527 – Philip II, King of Spain (1556-98) & Portugal (1580-98)

1633 – Joseph de La Barre, composer

1653 – Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)

1688 – Alexander Pope, London, English poet (Rape of the Lock, translation of Homer) (d.1744)

1755 – Alfred Moore, American judge (d. 1810)

1821 – John F Loudon, Dutch entrepreneur/colonial director

1822 – Dabney Herndon Maury, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1900

1822 – Mosby Monroe Parsons, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1865

1825 – George Lafayette Beal, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1835 – Newton Martin Curtis, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1835 – František Chvostek, Moravian physician (d. 1884)

1850 – Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (d. 1914)

1860 – Willam Einthoven, Dutch physiologist/inventor (electrocardiograph)

1865 – C J Thomsen, Denmark, archaeologist, named Stone/Iron/Bronze Ages

1872 – Henry Warren, Boston Mass, inventor (Telechon electric clock)

1873 – Hans Berger, German neuroscientist (d. 1941)

 

 

 

1878 – Glenn Hammond CurtissUSaviator , inventor (hydroplane)

 

 

 

 

 

1882 – Georgine M “May” Basting, actress (Hostage Rights of Aemstel)

1898 – Armand Hammer, NYC, millionaire industrialist (Occidental Petroleum)

1903 – Manly Wade Wellman, Angola, sci-fi author (After Dark, Devil’s Planet)

 

 

1904 – Fats Waller, [Thomas Wright], jazz singer/composer (Ain’t Misbehavin’)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1916 – Harold Robbins, NYC, author (Moneychangers, Carpetbaggers, Betsy)

1917 – Dennis Day, Irish tenor/comedian (Jack Benny Show, Danny Boy)

1917 – Raymond Burr, BC Canada, actor (Perry Mason, Ironsides, Godzilla)

1918 – Leonard Mullens, rubber physicist

1921 – Andrei Sakharov, Moscow, physicist, human rights worker (Nobel ’75)

1923 – Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)

1924 – Peggy Cass, Boston MA, actress/TV panelist (To Tell the Truth, Mame)

1926 – Dan Perlsweig, horse trainer

1927 – Kay Kendall, Yorkshire England, actress (Genevieve, Les Girls)

1929 – Robert Welch, designer/silversmith (Robert Welch flatware)

1930 – Stanley Wells, director (Shakespeare Institute U of Birmingham)

1932 – John Armitage, principal (College of St Hilda & St Bede Durham)

1934 – Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate

1935 – Terry Lightfoot, clarinetist/bandleader (New Orleans Jazzmen)

1938 – David Groh, Bkln NY, actor (Joe-Rhoda, Don-Another Day)

1941 – Ronald Isley, Cincinnati Ohio, singer (Isley Brothers-Twist & Shout)

1942 – Robert C Springer, St Louis, Col USMC/astronaut (STS-29, STS-38)

1943 – Hilton Valentine, rock guitarist (Animals-House of the Rising Sun)

1944 – Janet Dailey, US, author

1944 – Mary Robinson, pres of Republic of Ireland (Labour, 1990- )

1944 – Mike Degett, horse trainer

1945 – Ernst Willi Messerschmid, Reutlingen Germany, astronaut (STS 22)

1947 – Bill Champlin, Oakland Ca, rocker

1952 – Mr. T, [Lawrence Tureaud], Chicago, American actor (A-Team, Rocky III, T & T)

1954 – Bill Abbott, Sarnia Ontario, yachter (Olympics-96)

1955 – John Glavin, rock keyboardist (Molly Hatchet

1957 – Judge Reinhold, Wilmington DE, actor (Fast Times at Ridgemont High)

1957 – Sue Woodstra, Colton Ca, volleyball player (Olympic-silver-1984)

1957 – Renée Soutendijk, Dutch actress

1958 – Sabine Bischoff, Tauberbischofsheim, Germany, fencer (Oly Gld 1984), (d. 2013)

1959 – Nick Cassavetes, American actor and director

1961 – Tim Lever, keyboard/sax (Dead or Alive-You Spin Me Round)

1964 – Annabel Schofield, Llanelli Wales, actress (Laurel Ellis-Dallas)

1968 – Matthias Ungemach, German rower

1972 – Liliko Ogasawara, Englewood NJ, middleweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1972 – The Notorious B.I.G. [Christopher Wallace], New York City, New York, rapper (Life After Death), (d. 1997)

1974 – Fairuza Balk (The Craft, Gas Food Lodging)

1979 – Scott Smith, mixed martial arts fighter

1981 – Beth Botsford, 100m/200m backstroke (Olympics-gold-96)

1984 – Lorena Ayala, Spanish-Dutch model and beauty queen

1985 – Frustaci Septuplets, California, Patricia Frustaci gives birth to 7

1986 – Myra, Mexican-American singer

1991 – Sarah Ramos, American actress

1994 – Tom Daley, English diver

 

 

 

Deaths

987 – Louis V, last Carlovingians King of France (966-987), dies

1254 – Conrad IV of Germany (b. 1228)

1481 – Christian I, king of Denmark/Norway/Sweden, dies

 

 

1542 – Hernando de Soto , dies while searching for goldnear Mississippi

 

 

 

 

 

1650 – James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, Scottish general, hanged

1664 – Elizabeth Poole, Puritan businesswoman

1670 – Niccolo Zucchi, Italian astronomer (b. 1586)

1690 – John Eliot, English missionary in Massachusetts, dies at 85

1703 – Roemer Vlacq, Dutch admiral, dies in battle

1719 – Pierre Poiret, French mystic (b. 1646)

1786 – Carl W Scheele, Swedish pharmacist/chemist, dies at 43

1810 – Charles GLAAT chevalier d’Eon de Beaumont, French spy, dies at 81

1862 – John Drew, Irish-born American actor (b. 1827)

1894 – August A Kundt, German physicist, (test of Kundt), dies at 54

1894 – Emile Henry, French anarchist (b. 1872)

1911 – Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (b. 1857)

1915 – Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (b. 1875)

1919 – Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French ship’s doctor/writer, dies

1919 – Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1853)

1924 – Bobby Franks, killed by Leopold & Loeb, at 14

1926 – Ronald Arthur A Firbank, British writer (Prancing Nigger), dies at 40

1952 – John Garfield, actor (Juarez, Air Force), dies at 39

1964 – James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)

1965 – Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer (b. 1882)

1966 – Pat O’Malley, silent film actor (Wild One, Quiet Man), dies at 75

1970 – Vinton Hayworth, actor (Gen Schaeffer-I Dream of Jeannie), dies at 63

1970 – E. L. Grant Watson, Australian biologist (b. 1885)

1981 – Patsy O’Hara, Irish hunger striker (b. 1957)

1981 – Raymond Mccreesh, Irish hunger striker (b. 1957)

1987 – Alejandro Rey, actor (Carlos-Flying Nun), dies at 57

1990 – Mary Victor Bruce, who flew around empire state bldg in 1930, dies

1991 – Rajiv Gandhi, Indian Prime Minster (1984-91), assassinated at 46

1992 – Mrithi, gorilla (Gorilla in the Mist), dies at 24

1993 – John Frost, English lt-col (operation Market Garden 1944), dies at 80

1994 – Cliff Wilson, snooker player, dies at 60

1994 – John Henry Weidner, Dutch/US resistance fighter, dies at 81

1995 – Les Aspin, US sec of Defense (1993-95), dies of stroke at 56

1996 – Al “Lash” La Rue, cowboy actor (Lash of the West), dies at 78

1996 – Bobby Tulloch, ornithologist, dies at 67

1996 – Eric Stuart Woord, archaeologist, dies at 83

2000 – Barbara Cartland, English author (b. 1901)

2000 – Sir John Gielgud, British actor (b. 1904)

2000 – Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (b. 1956)

2003 – Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentine-Italian racing driver and car manufacturer (b. 1928)

2005 – Howard Morris, American comic actor and director (b. 1919)

2006 – Spencer Clark, American racecar driver (b. 1987)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

325 – 1st Christian ecumenical council opens at Nicaea, Asia Minor

1217 – The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke.

1293 – Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed

1293 – King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Study of General Schools of Alcalá.

1303 – Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to British in Hundred Years War

1310 – Shoes were made for both right & left feet

1347 – Rienzo calls Rome for people’s tribunal

1495 – French King Charles VIII leaves Naples

1498 – Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calcutta India

1501 – Joao da Nova Castell discovers Ascension Islands

1521 – Ignatius Loyola seriously wounded by a cannon ball

1631 – Magdeburg in Germany seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire under earl Johann Tilly, most inhabitants massacred, one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years’ War.

1639 – Dorchester Mass, forms 1st school funded by local taxes

1690 – England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II

1734 – 1st Jockey Club forms in SC

1774 – Britain gives Quebec, Labrador & territory north of Ohio

1775 – Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence of Britain

1830 – 1st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)

1830 – D Hyde patents fountain pen

1845 – HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.

1861 – Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War

1861 – North Carolina becomes 11th & last state to secede from Union

1861 – US marshals appropriate previous year’s telegraph dispatches, to reveal prosecessionist evidence

1862 – Homestead Act provides cheap land for settlement of West

1864 – Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured

1864 – Spotsylvania-campaign ends after 10,920 killed/injured 

1867 – Royal Albert Hall foundation laid by Queen Victoria

1868 – Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant

1873 – Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent first blue jeans with copper rivets

1879 – 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37

1892 – George Sampson patents clothes dryer

1896 – The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier falls on the crowd resulting in the death of one and the injury of many others.

1900 – 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)

1902 – US military occupation of Cuba (since Jan 1, 1899) ends

1913 – 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4

1916 – Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting

1918 – 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)

1919 – Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550

1922 – “Egypt” sinks off Ushant after colliding with “Seine,” killing 90

1926 – Congress passes Air Commerce Act, licensing of pilots & planes

1926 – Thomas Edison says Americans prefer silent movies over talkies

1927 – At 7:40 AM, Lindbergh takes off from NY to cross Atlantic for Paris

1927 – Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jedda)

1930 – 1st airplane catapulted from a dirigible, Charles Nicholson, pilot

1932 – Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland 1st woman fly solo across Atlantic

1939 – 1st regular transatlantic airmail (Pan Am: NY to Marsseille France)

1940 – Gen Guderians tanks reach The Channel (British expeditionary army)

1942 – US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve

1948 – 1st use of Israeli Air Force & 1st war victory, defeating Syrian army

1950 – 76th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hill Prince wins in 1:59.2

1959 – Ford wins battle with Chrysler to call its new car “Falcon”

1959 – Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship

1961 – 87th Preakness: Johnny Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 1:57.6

1961 – White mob attacks “Freedom Riders” in Montgomery, Alabama

1964 – Buster Mathis defeats Joe Fraizer to qualify for US Olympic team

1967 – 93rd Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Damascus wins in 1:55.2

1969 – US troop capture Hill 937/Hamburger Hill Vietnam

1970 – 100,000 march in NY supporting US policies in Vietnam

1972 – 98th Preakness: Eldon Nelson aboard Bee Bee Bee wins in 1:55.6

1978 – 104th Preakness: Steve Cauthen aboard Affirmed wins in 1:54.4

1978 – 3 PFLP members kill a cop near El Al airlines in Orly Airport, Paris

1979 – 1st western pop star to tour USSR-Elton John

1980 – Drummer Peter Criss quits Kiss

1980 – Fire in nursing home in Kingston Jamaica, kills 157

1980 – In a referendum, 59.5% of Quebec voters reject separatism

1983 – Larry Holmes beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1983 – Michael Dokes & Mike Weaver fight to a draw in 15 for hw boxing title

1983 – Phillies Steve Carlton passes W Johnson with 2nd most strike outs

1984 – Boston’s Roger Clemens beats Twins, 5-4, for his 1st victory

1985 – Dow Jones industrial avg closes above 1300 for 1st time

1985 – FBI arrests John A Walker Jr, convicted of spying for USSR

1985 – Israel exchanges 1,100+ Arab prisoners for 3 Israeli soldiers

1985 – Larry Holmes beats Carl Williams in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1985 – US began broadcasts to Cuba on Radio Marti

1986 – Flintstones 25th Anniversary Celebration airs on CBS-tv

1989 – 115th Preakness: Pat Valenzuela aboard Sunday Silence wins in 1:53.8

1989 – China declares martial law in Beijing

1989 – Toonces The Cat takes the wheel on Saturday Night Live

1990 – Hubble Space Telescope sends 1st photograph’s from space

1992 – Rap singer raps 597 syllables in under 60 seconds

1993 – 10m meteor comes within 150,000 km of Earth (1993KA)

1993 – 274th & final “Cheers” on NBC

1994 – Bobcat Goldthwait charged with misdemeanors for fire on Tonight Show

1995 – 121st Preakness: Pat Day aboard Timber Coutry wins in 1:54.4

1995 – CBS News fires co-anchor Connie Chung

1997 – Cosmos Zenit-2 Launch (Russia), Failed

1997 – Thor-2A Delta 2 Launch (Norway/USA), Successful

 

 

 

 

Births

1315 – Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (d. 1349)

1364 – Henry Percy, [Harry Hotspur], British soldier/politican

1470 – Pietro Bembo, cardinal/theologian

1537 – Hieronymus Fabricius Ab, Aquapend Italy, physician (De Formato Foetu)

1593 – Jacob Jordaens, Flemish barok artist

1663 – William Bradford, British-born printer (d. 1752)

1706 – Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (d. 1777)

1750 – Stephen Girard, bailed out US bonds during War of 1812

1759 – William Thornton, architect (Capitol building, Wash DC)

1768 – Dolley Dandridge Payne Madison, 1st lady (1809-17)

1772 – William Congreve, English officer (design fire rocket)

1799 – Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (d. 1850)

 

 

 

1806 – John Stuart MillUKphilosopher/political economist/Utilitarian

 

 

 

 

 

 

1818 – William George Fargo, founder (Wells Fargo)

1825 – Antoinette Brown Blackwell, clergy (1st ordained US female minister)

1828 – James William Reilly, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905

1851 – Emile Berliner, Germany, inventor (flat phonograph record)

1860 – Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)

1883 – Paul Arntzenius, painter/graphic artist/etcher

1899 – Estelle Taylor, Delaware, actress (8 Commandments)

1899 – John M Harlan, Chicago, 91st Supreme Court justice (1955-71)

1901 – Max Euwe, Netherlands, world chess champion (1935-37)

1908 – Jimmy Stewart [James], PA, actor (Mr Smith Goes to Wash, Wonderful Life), (d. 1997)

1911 – Gardner F[rancis] Fox, US, sci-fi author (Kothar-Barbarian Swordsman)

1912 – Joseph Proce, 3rd victim of NYC’s Zodiac killer (survives)

1913 – Henry Cadbury Brown, architect

1913 – William Hewlett, cofounder (Hewlett-Packard Co)

1915 – Moshe Dayan, Israeli general/minister of Defense

1918 – Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)

1919 – George Gobel, Chicago Ill, comedian/TV personality (I Love My Wife)

1923 – Edith Fellows, Boston, actress (Pennies From Heaven, City Streets)

1926 – Vic Ames, rocker (Ames Brothers)

1926 – Bob Sweikert, American race car driver (d. 1956)

1927 – [Harold] Bud Grant, Wisc, CFL/NFL player/coach (Winnipeg, Minnesota)

1928 – David Hedison, actor (Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea)

1928 – Jack Kevorkian, controversial American medical doctor

1930 – Robert Bunyard, Commandant (British Police Staff College)

1931 – Chiharu Igaya, Japan, slalom (Olympic-silver-1956)

1933 – Constance Towers, actress (Capitol, Shock Corrider, Naked Kiss)

1936 – Anthony Zerbe, Cal, actor (Harry-O, Centennial, They Call Me Mr Tibbs)

1938 – Christina Bass-Kaiser, 3K Dutch speed skater (Olympic-gold-1972)

1940 – Sadaharu Oh, of Yomiuri Giants (Japan), hit 868 career HR

 

 

 

1942 – Carlos HathcockAmerican Marine sniper (d. 1999)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – Joe Cocker, Sheffield England, rock vocalist (Little Help From My Friends)

1945 – Harold E Ford, (Rep-D-TN, 1975- )

1946 – Bakhaavaa Buidaa, Mongolia, wrestler (Oly-silver-1972) disqualified

1946 – Cher [Cherilyn Sarkisian], El Centro, California, American singer and actress (I Got You Babe, Jack Lalane, Mask)

1948 – Dave Thomas, St Catherines Ontario, comedian (SCTV, Grace Under Fire)

1951 – Thomas D Akers, St Louis, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 41, 49, 61, 79)

1951 – William Cullen Bryant, actor (Hell Squad)

1954 – James Henderson, country singer (Black Oak Arkansas)

1954 – Cindy Hensley McCain, wife of John McCain

1954 – Robert Van de Walle, Belgian judoka

1958 – Jane Wiedlin, Wisc, singer/guitarist (GoGos, Fur, Rush Hour)

1958 – Ronald Prescot Reagan Jr, LA, Pres son/TV host (Ron Reagon Show)

1959 – Bronson Pinchot, NYC, actor (Perfect Strangers, Beverly Hills Cop)

1960 – John Cowsill, rock vocalist (Cowsills-Hair)

1960 – Susan Cowsill, Newport RI, rock vocalist (Cowsills-We Can Fly)

1961 – Vaughn Jefferis, Matangi NZ, equestrian 3 day event (Olymp-bronze-96)

1962 – Lydia Cheng, NYC, Ms Big Apple bodybuilder (1982) (Pumping Iron 2)

1962 – Sylvie Rauch, Munich German FR, nude model/actress

1963 – David Wells, Torrance CA, pitcher (Baltimore Orioles, NY Yankees)

1964 – Joseph Sinnott Edwards, Chicago, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1966 – Mindy Cohn, LA, actress (Facts of Life)

1967 – Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist

1971 – Tony Stewart, American race car driver

1975 – Mark Zupan, American quadriplegic rugby player

1977 – Chad Muska, American Skateboarder for Element Skateboards

1981 – Mark Winterbottom, Australian racing driver

1993 – Caroline Zhang, American figure skater

 

 

 

 

Deaths

685 – King Ecgfrith of Northumbria (b. 645)

1277 – John XXI, [Petrus Juliani/Hispanus], Portuguese Pope (1276-77), dies. (b. 1215)

1285 – John II of Jerusalem, King of Cyprus (b. 1259)

1444 – Bernardinus van Siena, Italian saint, dies at 63

1471 – Henry VI, king of England (1422-61, 70-71)/France (1431-71), dies

1503 – Lorenzo de Medici, Italian patron (b. 1463)

1506 – Christopher Columbus, explorer, dies in poverty, in Spain at 55

1550 – Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Japanese shogun (b. 1510)

1597 – Matthijs Heldt, dies in battle

1622 – Osman II, sultan of Turkey (1618-22), dies

1669 – Joris van der Hagen, landscape painter, dies

1722 – Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist (b. 1669)

1732 – Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)

1782 – William Emerson, British mathematician (b. 1701)

1793 – Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist (b. 1720)

1795 – Ignác Martinovics, Hungarian physicist/revolutionary, beheaded

 

 

 

1834 – Marquis de LafayetteFrench generaldies

 

 

 

 

 

 

1909 – Ernest Hogan, blackface comedian and musician (b. 1859)

1923 – Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist, dies

1946 – Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (b. 1871)

1947 – Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1862)

1949 – Randolph West, American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)

1956 – Max Beerbohm, caricturist/writer (Yet Again), dies

1959 – Alfred Schutz, Austrian/US architect/philosopher, dies at 60

1961 – Josef “Pips” Priller, German fighter ace (b. 1915)

1972 – Walter Winchell, columnist/narrator (Untouchables), dies at 75

1973 – Jarno Saarinen, Finnish motorcycle racer (b. 1945)

1989 – Anton Diffring, actor (Zeppelin, Fahrenheit 451), dies at 70

1989 – Gilda Radner, comedienne (SNL, Haunted Honeymoon), dies at 42

1989 – John R Hicks, English economist (Nobel 1972), dies

1993 – Max Klein, inventor (paint by numbers), dies at 77

1996 – Julius Marmur, biochemist/geneticist, dies at 70

1996 – Lewis B Combs, naval commander/civil engineer, dies at 101

2000 – Jean Pierre Rampal, French flutist (b. 1922)

2002 – Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist (b. 1941)

2005 – William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (b. 1918)

2008 – Hamilton Jordan, former Carter White House Chief of Staff (b. 1944)

2011 – Randy Savage, American Pro-Wrestler (b. 1952)

2012 – Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, convicted bomber (Pan Am 103), dies from prostate cancer at 60

2012 – Robin Gibb, British singer song-writer, dies from colon and liver cancer at 62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Happy Birthday John Stuart Mill

 

 

Early Years

” Under the tutelage of his imposing father, himself a historian and economist, John Stuart Mill began his intellectual journey at an early age, starting his study of Greek at the age of three and Latin at eight. Mill’s father was a proponent of Jeremy Bentham’s philosophy of utilitarianism, and John Stuart Mill began embracing it himself in his middle teens.

  Born in 1806, John Stuart Mill was the eldest son of James Mill and Harriet Barrow (whose influence on Mill was vastly overshadowed by that of his father). A struggling man of letters, James Mill wrote History of British India (1818), and the work landed him a coveted position in the East India Company, where he rose to the post of chief examiner. When not carrying out his administrative duties, James Mill spent considerable time educating his son John, who began to learn Greek at age three and Latin at age eight. By the age of 14, John was extremely well versed in the Greek and Latin classics; had studied world history, logic and mathematics; and had mastered the basics of economic theory, all of which was part of his father’s plan to make John Stuart Mill a young proponent of the views of the philosophical radicals.

  By his late teens, Mill spent many hours editing Jeremy Bentham’s manuscripts, and he threw himself into the work of the philosophic radicals (still guided by his father). He also founded a number of intellectual societies and began to contribute to periodicals, including the Westminster Review (which was founded by Bentham and James Mill). In 1823, his father secured him a junior position in the East India Company, and he, like his father before him, rose in the ranks, eventually taking his father’s position of chief examiner.”

 

 

 

 

Career

 

” It was not until 1843 that John Stuart Mill became known as a philosopher. In this same year he published System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive, his most systematic work.

Whatever is known to us by consciousness, is known beyond possibility of question. What one sees or feels, whether bodily or mentally, one cannot but be sure that one sees or feels. No science is required for the purpose of establishing such truths; no rules of art can render our knowledge of them more certain than it is in itself. There is no logic for this portion of our knowledge. But we may fancy that we see or feel what we in reality infer.

  Attacking “intuitionist” philosophy, he argues in favour of logic as the most adequate method of proof. Despite the fact that truth “may seem to be apprehended intuitively,” Mill stresses the fact that, “it has long been ascertained that what is perceived by the eye, is at most nothing more than a variously colored surface.” It thus the object of logic to “distinguish between things proved and things not proved, between what is worthy and what is unworthy of belief.”

  In 1848, Mill published Principles of Political Economy, which soon became the most important text of his time. The book examines the conditions of production, namely labour and nature. Following Ricardo and Malthus, he emphasizes the possibility of change and social improvement and examines environmental protection needs. In order for these to be obtained, he considers a limitation of both economic growth and population growth, as the polis itself is indispensable. Furthermore, Mill argued in favour of worker-owned cooperatives, which clearly reflect his views.

  On Liberty, published in 1859, caused the greatest controversy of John Stuart Mill’s career and has since become a classic of liberal thought. Written and developed in close collaboration with his wife, Harriet Taylor, Mill examines the nature of power and argues for an absolute freedom of thought and speech. For Mill it is only through such “freedom” that human progress can be attained and preserved. As he states: “The subject of this Essay is not the so-called Liberty of the Will, […] but Civil, or Social Liberty: the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual.” He thus asserts a„very simple principle“: “that the sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number, is self-protection. That the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others[…] The only part of the conduct of any one, for which he is amenable to society, is that which concerns others. In the part which merely concerns himself, his independence is, of right, absolute. Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign.” “

 

 

 

File:J S Mill and H Taylor.jpg

 

 

 

Philosophy

 

 

Liberty

 

” John Stuart Mill’s view on liberty, which was influenced by Joseph Priestley and Josiah Warren, is that the individual ought to be free to do as he wishes unless he harms others. Individuals are rational enough to make decisions about their good being and choose any religion they want to. Government should interfere when it is for the protection of society. Mill explains,

“The sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number, is self-protection. That the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not sufficient warrant. He cannot rightfully be compelled to do or forbear because it will be better for him to do so, because it will make him happier, because, in the opinion of others, to do so would be wise, or even right…The only part of the conduct of anyone, for which he is amenable to society, is that which concerns others. In the part which merely concerns him, his independence is, of right, absolute. Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign.”

 

 

Freedom of speech 

 

An influential advocate of freedom of speech, Mill objected to censorship. He says:

I choose, by preference the cases which are least favourable to me – In which the argument opposing freedom of opinion, both on truth and that of utility, is considered the strongest. Let the opinions impugned be the belief of God and in a future state, or any of the commonly received doctrines of morality… But I must be permitted to observe that it is not the feeling sure of a doctrine (be it what it may) which I call an assumption of infallibility. It is the undertaking to decide that question for others, without allowing them to hear what can be said on the contrary side. And I denounce and reprobate this pretension not the less if it is put forth on the side of my most solemn convictions. However, positive anyone’s persuasion may be, not only of the faculty but of the pernicious consequences, but (to adopt expressions which I altogether condemn) the immorality and impiety of opinion. – yet if, in pursuance of that private judgement, though backed by the public judgement of his country or contemporaries, he prevents the opinion from being heard in its defence, he assumes infallibility. And so far from the assumption being less objectionable or less dangerous because the opinion is called immoral or impious, this is the case of all others in which it is most fatal. “

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Stuart Mill Major Publications

 

“Two Letters on the Measure of Value” 1822 “The Traveller”
“Questions of Population” 1823 “Black Dwarf”
“War Expenditure” 1824 Westminster Review
“Quarterly Review – Political Economy” 1825 Westminster Review
“Review of Miss Martineau’s Tales” 1830 Examiner
“The Spirit of the Age” 1831 Examiner
“Use and Abuse of Political Terms” 1832  
“What is Poetry” 1833, 1859  
“Rationale of Representation” 1835  
“De Tocqueville on Democracy in America [i]” 1835  
“State of Society In America” 1836  
“Civilization” 1836  
“Essay on Bentham” 1838  
“Essay on Coleridge” 1840  
“Essays On Government” 1840  
“De Tocqueville on Democracy in America [ii]” 1840  
A System of Logic 1843  
Essays on Some Unsettled Questions of Political Economy 1844  
“Claims of Labour” 1845 Edinburgh Review
The Principles of Political Economy: with some of their applications to social philosophy 1848  
“The Negro Question” 1850 Fraser’s Magazine
“Reform of the Civil Service” 1854  
Dissertations and Discussions 1859  
A Few Words on Non-intervention 1859  
On Liberty 1859  
‘Thoughts on Parliamentary Reform 1859  
Considerations on Representative Government 1861  
“Centralisation” 1862 Edinburgh Review
“The Contest in America” 1862 Harper’s Magazine
Utilitarianism 1863  
An Examination of Sir William Hamilton‘s Philosophy 1865  
Auguste Comte and Positivism 1865  
Inaugural Address at St. Andrews – Rectorial Inaugural Address at the University of St. Andrews, concerning the value of culture 1867  
“Speech In Favor of Capital Punishment” 1868  
England and Ireland 1868  
“Thornton on Labor and its Claims” 1869 Fortnightly Review
The Subjection of Women 1869  
Chapters and Speeches on the Irish Land Question 1870  
On Nature 1874  
Autobiography of John Stuart Mill 1873  
Three Essays on Religion 1874  
On Social Freedom: or the Necessary Limits of Individual Freedom Arising Out of the Conditions of Our Social Life 1907 “Oxford and Cambridge Review”
“Notes on N.W. Senior’s Political Economy” 1945 Economica

 

 

 

 

Further Reading & Resources

 

John Stuart Mill (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Mill, John Stuart [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]

John Stuart Mill – Philosophy Pages

John Stuart Mill – Utilitarianism

John Stuart Mill : Biography – Spartacus Educational

John Stuart Mill – The ultimate collection of online works, papers …

John Stuart Mill – Papers and essays on his philosophy

John Stuart Mill: On Liberty

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Happy Birthday Carlos Hathcock

 

 

 

 

The Story of Legendary Sniper Carlos Hathcock

 

 

” When retired Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant Carlos Hathcock II died at the age of 57 on Feb. 26, 1999, his legend had long since chiseled its way into the pantheon of Marine Corps history.

  He’d served almost 20 years in the Corps, including two tours as a sniper during the Vietnam War. A killer more deadly and silent than Hathcock finally had him in the cross hairs and pulled the trigger, ending his extraordinary life.

  The medical term for that stealthy, relentless force is multiple sclerosis, a slow, progressive terminal malady that attacks the central nervous system. MS can cause paralysis, spasms and the loss of coordination and muscle control.”

 

 

Then Cpl. Carlos Hathcock (far left) being awarded the 1965 Wimbledon Cup.
This trophy is given to the winner of the 1000 yard shooting match.

 

 

Carlos Hathcock (1942 – 1999)

 

” was a US Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant who served as a sniper in the Vietnam War. With 93 confirmed kills, he was the 4th most effective sniper in American history, trailing behind Adelbert F Waldron (109), Charles Mawhinney (103), and Eric R England (98). His exploits, both as a courageous soldier and a sniper, made him a legend in the Marine Corps. Hathcock became a major developer of the United States Marine Corps Sniper training program. Not only was Carlos extremely lethal as a sniper, but he was also a brave marine; he was awarded the Silver Star for his act in 1969 of saving the lives of seven fellow Marines after the amphibious tractor on which they were riding struck a mine. Hathcock was knocked unconscious, but awoke in time to race back through the flames to save his comrades.


  Carlos Hathcock was born in Little Rock, Arkansas, on May 20, 1942. Since his parents had separated, he lived with his grandmother in the country where he grew up. At a young age, Carlos learned to use a rifle, which his father had brought from Europe after World War II. Then, he would hunt wild animals to help feed his poor family.In 1959, at the age of 17, Carlos Hathcock joined the Marine Corps. Before being shipped to Vietnam, he showed his natural skills as a marksman on the rifle range at Camp Pendleton where he was undergoing recruit training, winning the Pacific Division rifle championship while he was deployed in Hawaii as a member of Company E, 2nd Battalion, 4th Marines. In 1966, he was sent to Vietnam and became a sniper after Captain Edward J. Land Jr. had pushed the Marines into raising snipers in every platoon.” ” 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interview Parts 1-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Videos

 

 

Further Reading

 

Bob Tuley – Carlos Hathcock Sniper Biography

Carlos Norman “Gunny” Hathcock II (1942–1999) – Encyclopedia …

Carlos Hathcock – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carlos Hathcock Biography | WordExplorer.com

Carlos Hathcock – Gunsopedia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

715 – St Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1506 – Columbus selects his son Diego as sole heir

1515 – George van Saksen-Meissen sells Friesland for 100,000 gold guilders to arch duke Charles

1568 – English queen Elizabeth I arrests Scottish queen Mary

1571 – Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founded Manila in the Phillipines

1585 – Spain confiscates English ships

1608 – Matthias von Habsburgs army reaches Lieben, at Prague

1635 – France declares war on Spain

1643 – Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army

1643 – Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut & New Harbor form United Colonies of New England

1649 – An Act declaring England a Commonwealth is passed by the Long Parliament. England would be a republic for the next eleven years.

1780 – About midday, near-total darkness descends on much of New England to this day it’s cause is still unexplained

1828 – U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828/Tariff of Abominations into law to protect industry in the North

1848 – 1st department store opens

1848 – Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war

1862 – Homestead Act becomes law provides cheap land for settlement of West

1863 – Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete

1864 – Battle of Port Walthall Junction, VA (Bermuda Hundred)

1864 – Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania

1864 – Skirmish at Cassville Georgia

1865 – President Jefferson Davis is captured by Union Cavalry in Georgia

1884 – Ringling Brothers circus premieres

1892 – Charles Brady King invents pneumatic hammer

1892 – National Society of Colonial Dames of America founded

1893 – Heavy rain wash “quick clay” into a deep valley, kills 111 (Norway)

1896 – 1st auto (Benz) to arrive in Netherlands

1897 – Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.

1898 – Post Office authorizes use of postcards

1900 – World’s longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy & Switz, opens

1909 – Jack Johnson fights Jack O’Brien to no decision in 6 for boxing title

1916 – Escadrille Américaine (Lafayette) transfered to Verdun

1921 – Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system

1923 – 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:05.4

1926 – French air force bombs Damascus Syria

1929 – Cloudburst causes stampede in Yankee Stadium crushes 2 people to death

1931 – Ironclad cruiser Germany launched in Kiel

1937 – John Murray/Allen Boretz’ “Room Service,” premieres in NYC

1941 – New nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland

1943 – Churchill pledges England’s full support to US against Japan

1951 – 77th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Bold wins in 1:56.4

1951 – UN begins counter offensive in Korea

1956 – 82nd Preakness: Bill Hartack aboard Fabius wins in 1:58.4

1958 – Premiere of Harold Pinter’s “Birthday Party,” in London

1960 – Juan Marichal debuts as SF Giant pitcher, beats Phillies on 1 hitter

1960 – USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222 m

1962 – 88th Preakness: John Rotz aboard Greek Money wins in 1:56.2

1962 – Indonesian paratroopers land in New Guinea

1964 – US diplomats find at least 40 secret microphones in Moscow embassy

1965 – Patricia R Harris named 1st US black female ambassador (Luxembourg)

1967 – US bombs Hanoi

1971 – USSR launches Mars 2, 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars

1973 – 99th Preakness: Ron Turcotte aboard Secretariat wins in 1:54.4

1975 – Farm truck packed with wedding party struck by a train, killing 66 in truck, 40 miles south of Poona, India

1975 – Junko Tabei is 1st woman to climb to the top of Mount Everest

1976 – Gold ownership legalized in Australia

1977 – “Smokey & the Bandit,” premieres

1979 – “In The Navy” by Village People hits #3

1979 – 105th Preakness: Ron Franklin aboard Spectacular Bid wins in 1:54.2

1983 – NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 506

1983 – Weird Al Yankovic gives live performance at Wax Museum in Wash DC

1984 – 110th Preakness: Angel Cordero Jr aboard Gate Dancer wins in 1:53.6

1984 – STS 41-D vehicle moves to launch pad

1989 – Dow Jones Avg passes 2,500 mark for 1st time, closes at 2,501.1

1990 – 116th Preakness: Pat Day aboard Summer Squall wins in 1:53.6

1991 – “Buddy – The Buddy Holly Story” closes at Shubert NYC after 225 perfs

1991 – Willy T Ribbs becomes 1st black driver to make Indianapolis 500

1992 – 27th Amendment ratified, prohibits Congress from raising its salary

1992 – Amy Fisher shoots Mary Jo Buttafuoco in Massapequa LI

1992 – Englishman Dave Gauder, 224 lbs, pulls 196 ton jumbo jet, 3 inches

1992 – VP Dan Quayle attacks Murphy Brown for being a single mother and as a poor example of family values

1993 – Dow Jones closes above 3,500 for 1st time (3,500.03)

1994 – Omar Sharif suffers a mild heart attack

1994 – Tennis star Jennifer Capriati (18), checks into a drug rehab center

1995 – World’s youngest doctor, Balamurali Ambati, 17, graduates Mount Sinai

 

 

 

 

Births

1469 – Giovanni della Robbia, Italian sculptor

1611 – Innocent XI, [Benedetto Odescalchi], Italy, 240th Pope (1676-89)

1616 – Johann Jakob Froberger, German singer/organist/composer

1700 – José de Escandón, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1770)

1724 – Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (d. 1779)

1744 – Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1818)

1762 – Johann G Fichte German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre)

1773 – Arthur Aikin, English mineralogist (d. 1854)

1795 – Johns Hopkins, philanthropist, founded Johns Hopkins University

1808 – Samuel Jameson Gholson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883

1812 – Felix Kirk Zollicoffer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1815 – John Gross Barnard, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1882

1828 – Adin Ballou Underwood, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1862 – Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (d. 1942)

1864 – Carl Ethan Akeley, US, naturalist, devoleped animal mount process

1870 – Albert Fish, American serial killer (d. 1936)

1881 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (d. 1938)

1890 – Ho Chi Minh, trail blazer/leader of Vietnam (1946, 1969)

1891 – Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)

1892 – Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Povestj Zjizni) [OS]

1897 – Frank Luke, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)

1898 – Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (d. 1974)

1904 – Sven Thofelt, Sweden, pentathlete (Olympic-gold-1928)

1906 – Bruce Bennett, American athlete and actor (d. 2007)

1913 – Albert Hardy, photographer

1914 – Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)

1914 – Go Seigen, Japanese Go player

1918 – Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist (d. 2000)

1925 – Malcolm X, [Little], [Detroit Red], Omaha NB, founder (Black Muslims)

1928 – Anthony C B Chapman, England, sports car builder/autoracer (Formula 1)

1928 – Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (d. 1998)

1928 – Colin Chapman, founder of Lotus Cars (d. 1982)

1929 – Harvey Cox, US theologist (Secular City)

1931 – Bob Anderson, British racing driver (d. 1967)

1934 – James Charles Lehrer, Wichita Ks, news anchor (McNeil-Lehrer Report)

1935 – David Hartman, Pawtucket RI, TV personality (Good Morning America)

1936 – Elisabeth Schwartz, Austria, pairs figure skater (Olympic-gold-1956)

1937 – Sanne Sannes, Dutch photographer

1939 – Francis R Scobee, Wash, USAF/astronaut (STS 41C, 51L-Chal disaster)

1939 – James Fox, London England, actor (Greystoke)

1939 – Nancy Kwan, Hong Kong, actress (Flower Drum Song, World of Suzie Wong)

1940 – Frank Lorenzo, airline executive (Continental, Texas Air, Eastern)

1941 – Jimmy Hoffa Jr, son of Jimmy Hoffa/Teamster union leader

1941 – Nora Ephron, NY, novelist/screenwriter/director (Michael, Heartburn), (d. 2012)

1945 – Peter Townshend, England, rock guitarist/vocalist/composer (The Who-Tommy)

1946 – Phillip Rudd, Melbourne, rock drummer (AC/DC-Rock ‘n Roll Damnation)

1946 – André the Giant, French professional wrestler (d. 1993)

1947 – Jerry Hyman, Bkln, rock singer/trombonist (Blood Sweat & Tears)

1948 – Grace Jones, [Mendoza], Spanishtown Jamacia, singer/actress (Vamp)

1948 – Tom Scott, LA, saxophonist/bandleader (Pat Sajak Show)

1949 – Dusty Hill, rocker (ZZ Top)

1951 – Joey Ramone, [Jeffrey Hyman], lead singer of the punk rock band The Ramones (Baby I Love You)

1951 – Dick Slater, American professional wrestler

1952 – Barbara Loomis, rocker (BT Express)

1953 – Henry Lascelles, English grandson of princess Mary

1953 – Dawud M. Mu’Min, American convicted murderer (d. 1997)

1955 – Pierre J Thuot, Groton Conn, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 36, 49, 62)

1959 – Nicole Brown Simpson, Frankford Germany, Mrs OJ Simpson (murdered)

1960 – Yazz, [Yasmin Evans], London, England, singer (Fine Time)

1962 – Iain Harvie, Scottish rock guitarist (Nothing Ever Happens)

1967 – Massimo Taccon, Italian painter and sculptor

1969 – David Wharton, Warminster PA, US Olympic swimmer (Olympic-silver-88)

1971 – Lori Ann Mundt, Yorkton Saskatchawan, volleyball player (Olympics-96)

1971 – Psicosis, Mexican professional wrestler

1972 – Jenny Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)

1976 – Kevin Garnett, NBA forward (Minnesota Timberwolves)

1981 – Georges St. Pierre, Mixed Martial Arts Fighter

1988 – Lily Cole, English model/actress

 

 

 

Deaths

804 – Alcuin of York, English scholar, dies in Tours France at 69

988 – Dunstan[us], English archbishop of Canterbury, dies

1102 – Stephen, Count of Blois (b. c. 1045)

1125 – Vladimir Monomakh, Russian prince (b. 1053)

1296 – Celestine V, [Pietro del Murrone], Pope (1294), dies

1526 – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (b. 1464)

1536 – Anne Boleyn, Queen of England/wife of Henry VIII, beheaded

1536 – Lord Rochford, English brother of Anna Boleyn, beheaded

1647 – Sebastian Vrancx, Flemish painter (captain of vigilante), dies

1715 – Charles Montagu, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1661)

1795 – Josiah Bartlett, US physician/judge (signed Decl of Ind), dies at 65

1795 – James Boswell, Scottish biographer (b. 1740)

1798 – William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English dueler (b. 1722)

1800 – French Bosbeeck, veterinarian/robber, hanged

1864 – Nathaniel Hawthorne, US, writer (Scarlet Letter), dies

1885 – Peter W. Barlow, English engineer (b. 1809)

1898 – William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1809)

1907 – Benjamin Baker, English engineer (b. 1840)

1915 – John Simpson Kirkpatrick stretcher bearer with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli during World War I (b. 1892)

1918 – Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace (b. 1885)

1928 – Max Scheler, German philosopher, dies at 53

1935 – Thomas E Lawrence (of Arabia), dies in a motorcycle crash

1946 – Booth Tarkington, American novelist (b. 1869)

1958 – Archie Scott-Brown, English race car driver (b. 1927)

1966 – Tortoise, reportedly given to Tonga’s King by Capt Cook (1773), dies

1969 – Coleman Hawkins, US jazz musician/composer, dies

1971 – Ogden Nash, poet/TV panelist (Masquerade Party), dies at 68

1987 – Alice B[radley] Sheldon, sci-fi author (Byte Beautiful), dies at 71

1987 – James Tiptree, Jr, American author (b. 1915)

1989 – Robert Webber, actor (Alex-Moonlighting), dies of ALS at 64

1994 – Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, 1st lady (1961-63), dies of cancer at 64

1997 – Millie, dog of President Bush (Millie’s Book), dies at 12

2001 – Susannah McCorkle, American singer (b. 1946)

2004 – Tony Randall, actor (Felix Unger in The Odd Couple) dies aged 84

2006 – Freddie Garrity, English lead singer from the band Freddie and the Dreamers (b. 1940)

2009 – Robert F. Furchgott, American chemist, Nobel Laureate (b. 1916)

2009 – Herbert York, American physicist (b. 1921)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1096 – Crusaders massacre Jews of Worm

 

 

 

1268 – The Principality of Antiocha crusader statefalls to the Mamluk Sultan Baibars in the Battle of Antioch.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1291 – Sultan of Egypt & his son take last Christian stronghold of Acre

1302 – Bruges Matins; the nocturnal massacre of the French garrison in Bruges by local Flemish militia.

1385 – Peace of Doornik: Gent & Louis van Thoughts

1593 – Playwright Thomas Kyd’s accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe.

1596 – Willem Barents leaves Amsterdam for Novaya Zemlya

1619 – Hugo the Great sentenced to life in prison

1631 – English colony Massachusetts Bay grants puritarian voting right

1631 – John Winthrop is elected 1st governor of Massachusetts

1642 – Montreal Canada founded

1652 – Rhode Island enacts 1st law declaring slavery illegal

1756 – England declares war on France

1765 – Fire destroys a large part of Montreal, Quebec.

1783 – First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada after leaving the United States.

1803 – Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy & Switzerland

1804 – Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France

1811 – Battle of Las Piedras: The first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay lead by Jose Artigas.

1830 – Edwin Budding of England signs an agreement for manufacture of his invention, lawn mower. Saturdays are destroyed forever

1846 – US troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros

1852 – Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school

1860 – Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for president

1861 – Battle of Sewall’s Point VA-1st Federal offense against South

 

 

 

1863 – Grant Lays Siege To VicksburgMS

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Yellow Bayou, LA (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks)

1869 – Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.

1880 – 6th Kentucky Derby: George Lewis aboard Fonso wins in 2:37.5

1896 – US Supreme court affirms race separation (Plessy v Ferguson)

 

 

 

1896 – Khodynka TragedyA mass panic on Khodynka Field in Moscow during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II results in the deaths of 1,389 people.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1897 – Irish Music Festival 1st held (Dublin)

1897 – American baseball NY Giant William (Bill) Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game

1897 – Dracula, a novel by Irish author Bram Stoker is published.

1904 – American Ion Perdicaris kidnapped in Morocco

1910 – Passage of Earth through tail of Halley’s Comet causes near-panic

 

 

 

1916 – US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft

 

 

 

 

 

 

1917 – US passes Selective Service act

1918 – TNT explosion in chemical factory in Oakdale Penn kills 200

1920 – 46th Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o’ War wins in 1:51.6

1926 – Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished in Venice California She showed up a month later & said she had been kidnapped

1927 – “Slide Lake” in Gros Ventre Wyoming collapses

1927 – Grauman’s Chinese Theater opens in Hollywood Calif

1927 – Ritz Hotel opens in Boston

1929 – 55th Kentucky Derby: Linus McAtee on Clyde Van Dusen wins in 2:10.8

1929 – Dodgers beat Phillies 20-16 & lost 8-6 in 2nd game (record 50 runs)

 

 

 

1933 – Tennessee Valley Act (TVAsigned by FDRto build dams

 

 

 

 

 

 

1934 – Academy Award 1st called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky)

1934 – Congress approves “Lindbergh Act,” makes kidnapping a capital offense

1934 – Jimmie Foxx hits 1st HR in Comiskey Park center field bleachers

1934 – TWA began commercial service

1940 – German troops conquer Brussels

1941 – Italian army under general Aosta surrenders to Britain in Ethiopia

1941 – Jewish veterans honor their dead

1942 – NYC ends night baseball games for rest of WW II

1943 – Allied bombers attack Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea

1944 – Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino Italy

1944 – Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans

1948 – Arab Legion captures fort on Mt Scopus

1948 – Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel

1951 – UN moves HQ to NYC

1951 – US General Collins predicts use of atom bomb in Korea

1953 – 1st woman to break sound barrier (Jacqueline Cochrane, USA)

1953 – Jacqueline Cochran is 1st woman to break the sound barrier

1955 – 28.7 cm rain falls at Lake Maloya New Mexico (state record)

1956 – Mickey Mantle hits HR from both sides of plate for record 3rd time

1957 – 83rd Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Bold Ruler wins in 1:56.2

1960 – Eillen Fulton begins playing Lisa on As the World Turn (for > 30 yrs)

1963 – 89th Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Candy Spots wins in 1:56.2

1964 – Supreme Court rules unconstitutional to deprive naturalized citizens of citizenship if they return to home country for more than 3 years

1965 – Gene Roddenberry suggests 16 names including Kirk for Star Trek Capt

1967 – Silver hits record $1.60 an ounce in London

1967 – Tenn Gov Ellington repeals “Monkey Law,” upheld in 1925 Scopes Trial

1968 – 94th Preakness: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Forward Pass wins in 1:56.8

1968 – AL Kaline hits his 307th HR, surpassing Hank Greenberg as a Tiger

1968 – Frank Howard ties AL record with HR in his 6th consecutive game his 10 home runs in the most in 6 games

1969 – Apollo 10 (Stafford/Cernan/Young) launched toward lunar orbit

1971 – Pres Nixon rejects 60 demands of Congressional Black Caucus

1971 – Vampire rapist Wayne Bodens last victim found

1972 – John Sebastian makes 63 consecutive free throws while blindfolded

1974 – “Streak” by Ray Stevens hits #1

1974 – 100th Preakness: Miguel Rivera aboard Current Little wins in 1:54.6

1974 – India becomes 6th nation to explode an atomic bomb

1977 – Nightclub fire in Cincinnati  kills 164

1978 – Italy legalizes abortion

1980 – China PR launch 1st intercontinental rocket

1980 – Mount St Helens blows its top in Washington State, 60 die

1980 – Gwangju Massacre: Students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations, calling for democratic reforms.

1982 – Unification Church founder Rev Sun Myung Moon convicted of tax evasion

1983 – Senate revises immigration laws, gives millions of illegal aliens legal status under an amnesty program

1985 – 111th Preakness: Pat Day aboard Tank’s Prospect wins in 1:53.4

1985 – 1st remote location for “Nightline” (South Africa)

1986 – David Goch finishes swimming 55,682 miles in a 25-yd pool

1986 – South African army occupies Botswana, Zimbabwe & Zambia

1986 – Chung Kwung Ying did 2,750 “atomic” hand-stand push-ups

1990 – Cubs Ryne Sandberg ends 2nd baseman record 123 errorless game streak

1990 – Judy Carne arrested at JFK airport on an 11 year old drug warrant

1990 – Return To Green Acres TV movie airs

1991 – 117th Preakness: Jerry Bailey aboard Hansel wins in 1:54

1992 – Supreme Court rules states could not force mentally unstable criminal defendants to take anti-psychotic drugs

1993 – Italian police arrest Mafia boss Benedetto “Nitto” Santapaola

1994 – Israel withdraws from the Gaza Strip

1996 – 122nd Preakness: Pat Day aboard Louis Quatorze wins in 1:53.2

1998 – United States v. Microsoft: The United States Department of Justice and 20 U.S. states file an antitrust case against Microsoft.

2009 – Sri Lankan Civil War: The LTTE are defeated by the Sri Lankan government, ending almost 26 years of fighting between the two sides.

 

 

 

 

Births

1048 – Omar KhayyámPersian mathematicianpoet and philosopher (d. 1131)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1186 – Konstantin of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod (d. 1218)

1474 – Isabella d’Este, Marquise of Mantua (d. 1539)

1610 – Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (d. 1664)

1711 – Ruggiero G Boscovich, [Rudzer J Boskovic], Italian astronomer

1788 – Hugh Clapperton, Annan Scotland, African explorer

1797 – Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony (1836-54)

1798 – Ethan Allen Hitchcock, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1870

1815 – Thomas Stanhope Bocock, rep (Confederacy), died in 1891

1817 – James William Denver, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1850 – Oliver Heaviside, London, physicist (predicted ionosphere)

1868 – Nicholas II Aleksandrovitsj, last tsar of Russia (1894-1917)

1872 – Bertrand Russell, England, mathematician/philosopher (Nobel 1950)

1883 – Walter Gropius, Berlin Germany, architect (Bauhaus school of design)

1889 – Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (d. 1944)

1891 – Rudolf Carnap, philosopher (German Logical Positivist)

 

 

 

1897 – Frank CapraItaldirector (Its a Wonderful LifeArsenic & Old Lace)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1900 – Sarah Miriam Peale, US, portrait painter (Gen Lafayette-1825)

1901 – Vincent du Vigneaud, US biochemist

1902 – [Robert] Meredith Willson, Mason City Iowa, composer (Music Man)

1904 – Jacob K Javits, (Sen-R-NY)

1907 – Robley D Evans, nuclear physicist

1907 – Carl Mydans, American photographer (d. 2004)

 

 

 

1911 – Joe TurnerKCblues singer (Corrine CorrinaShake Rattle & Roll)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1912 – Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer

1912 – Perry Como, [Pierino], Canonsburg Pa, singer/TV (Perry Como Show)

1912 – Richard Brooks, Phila, director (Blackboard Jungle, In Cold Blood)

1915 – Leon Shenandoah, native American leader

1917 – James Donald, Aberdeen Scotland, actor (Bridge on River Kwai, Vikings)

1918 – George Welch, American pilot and war hero (d. 1954)

1919 – Margot Fonteyn, Surrey England, prima ballerina (Giselle)

1920 – John Paul II, [Karol Wojtyla], Wadowice, Poland, 264th Roman Catholic Pope (1978-2005)

1922 – Bill Macy, Revere Mass, actor (Walter-Maude, Oh! Calcutta)

1922 – Kai Winding, Danish-born Jazz musician (d. 1983)

1924 – Jack Whitaker, Phila Pa, sportscaster (ABC, CBS)

1928 – G R Hall, nuclear scientist

1928 – P G Hammersley, British Rear-Admiral

1928 – Pernell Roberts, Waycross Ga, actor (Adam-Bonanza, Trapper John MD)

1929 – Kai Winding, Denmark, American Jazz composer, (d. 1983)

1929 – Johan N Block, aviation pioneer (Martinair/Transavia/Air Holland)

 

 

 

1930 – Fred SaberhagenUSsci-fi author (Book of Swords)

 

 

 

 

1931 – Robert Morse, Newton Mass, actor (That’s Life, Jack Frost)

1934 – Dwayne Hickman, LA, actor (Dobie Gillis, How to Stuff a Wild Bikini)

1937 – Brooks Robinson, Baltimore Oriole 3rd baseman (1955-77)

1939 – Glen Hardin, Texas, rocker (Crickets)

1940 – A Marshall Stoneham, FRS, physicist

1941 – M S Longair, astronomer

1942 – Albert Hammond, rocker

1942 – Rodney Dillard, rocker (Glittergrass)

1943 – James Reiher, American professional wrestler

1946 – Reggie Jackson, “Mr October” baseball rightfielder (Yankees, A’s)

1948 – Joe Bonsall, Phila, country singer (Oak Ridge Boys-Elvira)

1949 – Rick Wakeman, rock keyboardist (Yes-Fish Out of Water)

1949 – William Wallace, rocker (Guess Who)

1950 – Rodney Milburn Jr, USA, hurdler (Olympic-gold-1972)

1950 – Thomas Gottschalk, Bamberg Germany, (Telespiele)

1951 – Angela Voigt, German DR, long jumper (Olympic-gold-76)

1951 – Denny Dillon, comedian (SNL, Dream On)

1952 – Diane E[lizabeth] Duane, US, sci-fi author (Door into Fire)

1952 – George Strait, Pearsall Tx, country singer (All My Exes Live in Texas)

1952 – Jeana Yeager, American aviator

1953 – [Feliciano] Butch Tavares, rocker (Tavares)

1955 – Yun Fat Chow, Nam Nga Island Hong Kong, actor (Better Tomorrow)

1957 – Michael Cretu, rocker (Enigma)

1960 – Yannick Noah, France, tennis player (French 1983)

1962 – Mike Whitmarsh, San Diego CA, beach volleyballer (Olympics-silver-96)

1962 – Nanne Grönvall, Swedish singer

1962 – Sandra Cretu, German singer

1966 – Mike Inez, US rock bassist (Alice in Chains-Facelift)

1967 – Heinz-Harald Frentzen, German F1 driver

1969 – Martika, [Marta Marrero], Cuba, singer (Toy Soldiers)

1970 – Tina Fey, American writer/actress

1971 – Clifton Sunada, Honolulu HI, extra-lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1971 – Desiree Horton, American helicopter pilot/television reporter

1971 – Nobuteru Taniguchi, Japanese racing driver

1973 – Dario Franchitti, Scottish racecar driver

1975 – Jack Johnson, American musician

1979 – Kaci Thompson, Miss Nevada Teen USA (1997)

1987 – Luisana Lopilato, Argentine actress and model

1992 – Spencer Breslin, American actor

 

 

 

 

Deaths

526 – John I, Pope (523-26), dies

1160 – Erik IX Helgi, [The Saint], King of Sweden, dies

1401 – Władysław Opolczyk (German: Ladislaus von Oppel, count palatine of Hungary 1367-1372, governor of Halych-Volhynia 1372 –

1410 – Ruprecht, Roman catholics German king, dies

1450 – Sejong the Great of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1397)

1584 – Ikeda Motosuke, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1559)

1587 – Felix van Cantalice, Italian saint, dies

1625 – Francisco Gomez de Sandoval y Rojas, Spanish marquis of Denia, dies

1675 – Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer (b. 1623)

 

 

 

1781 – Túpac Amaru IIPeruvian Indian revolutionarya descendant of the last Inca rulerTúpac Amaru (b. 1742)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1800 – Alexander Suvorov, Russian general (b. 1729)

1808 – Elijah Craig, American minister and inventor (b. 1738?)

1862 – William H Keim, US Union brig-general, dies in battle at 48

1864 – James Byron Gordon, Confederate brig-gen, dies at 41

1900 – Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher (b. 1813)

1922 – Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)

1927 – Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (b. 1872)

1965 – Eduard J Dijksterhuis, mathematician (Archimedes), dies at 72

1973 – Jeannette Rankin, 1st Congresswoman (1917-19, 41-43), dies at 92

1974 – Daniel R Topping, US owner (NY Yankees), dies at 61

1980 – Reid Blackburn, a photojournalist for National Geographic was also a victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1952)

1980 – Harry Truman, victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1896)

1980 – David A. Johnston, a U.S. Volcanoligist was also a victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1949)

1981 – Arthur O’Connell, actor (Mr Peepers, 2nd Hundred Years), dies at 73

1981 – William Saroyan, US stagewriter (Time of your life), dies at 72

1987 – Wilbur J Cohen, 1st employee of Social Security System, dies at 73

1988 – Daws Butler, cartoon voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound), dies at 71

1990 – Jill Ireland, actress (Carry on Nurse, Family), dies of cancer at 54

1995 – Alexander Gudonov, Russian dancer/actor (Witness), dies at 45

1995 – Elisha Cook Jr, actor (Maltese Falcon, Shane), dies at 91

 

 

 

1995 – Elizabeth Montgomeryactress (Bewitched), dies of cancer at 62

 

 

 

 

1996 – Simon Weinstock, businessman/racehorse owner, dies at 44

1999 – Betty Robinson, American runner (b. 1911)

2004 – Elvin Jones, American jazz drummer (b. 1927)

2006 – Andrew Martinez, U.C. Berkeley’s “Naked Guy” (b. 1972)

2007 – Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist (b. 1932)

2009 – Velupillai Prabhakaran,Sri Lankan founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1954)

2009 – Wayne Allwine, American voice actor (b.1947)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

218 – 7th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

352 – Liberius begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Julius I

884 – St Adrian III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1521 – Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, is executed for treason.

1525 – Battle at Zabern: duke of Lutherans beats rebels

1527 – Pánfilo de Narváez departs to explore Florida

1536 – Anne Boleyns 4 “lovers” executed

1590 – Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland.

1620 – 1st merry-go-round seen at a fair (Philippapolis, Turkey)

1630 – Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi, 1st to see 2 belts on Jupiter surface

1631 – Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg

1672 – Frontenac becomes governor of New France (Canada)

1673 – Louis Joliet & Jacques Marquette begin exploring Mississippi

1733 – England passes Molasses Act, putting high tariffs on rum & molasses imported to the colonies from a country other than British possessions

1742 – Frederick great (Emperor of Prussia) beats Austrians

1744 – French army takes Austrian Netherlands

1756 – Britain declares war on France (7 Years’ or French & Indian War)

1775 – American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada.

1792 – 24 merchants form NY Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street

1794 – Hard frost in southern New England

1803 – John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine

1804 – Lewis & Clark begin exploration of Louisiana Purchase

1837 – Royal Decides installs the Weapon of Belgium firm(ly)

1845 – Rubber band patents

1849 – Fire destroy Centrum in St Louis Missouri

1862 – Battle of Princeton WV, ends, about 128 casualities

1863 – Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS

1864 – Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat

1871 – Indians fighter Gen Sherman escapes in ambulance vs Comanches

1875 – 1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75

1876 – 7th US Cavalry under Custer leaves Ft Lincoln

1881 – 7th Kentucky Derby: Jim McLaughlin aboard Hindoo wins in 2:40

1883 – Buffalo Bill Cody’s 1st wild west show premieres in Omaha

1884 – Alaska becomes a US territory

1890 – Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London

1894 – 19th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Assignee wins in 1:49.25

 

 

 

1900 – British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – Greek archaeologist Valerios Stais discovers the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient mechanical analog computer.

1904 – Maurice Ravel’s “Shéhérazade,” premieres in Paris

1911 – 36th Preakness: Eddie Dugan aboard Watervale wins in 1:51

1915 – 40th Preakness: Douglas Hoffman aboard Rhine Maiden wins in 1:58

1919 – War Department (UK) orders use of National Star Insignia on all airplanes.

1920 – 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol

1920 – 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)

1924 – 50th Kentucky Derby: John Mooney aboard Black Gold wins in 2:05.2

1926 – Chiang Kai-shek is made supreme war lord in Canton

1927 – Chicago Cubs beat Boston Braves, 4-3, in 22 innings

1927 – U.S. Army aviation pioneer, Major Harold Geiger, dies in the crash of his Airco DH.4 de Havilland plane at Olmstead Field, Pennsylvania

1930 – 56th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:07.6

1932 – Congress changes name “Porto Rico” to “Puerto Rico”

1938 – Congress approves Vinson Naval Act, which funds a two-ocean navy

1940 – Germany occupies Brussels, Belgium & begins invasion of France

1943 – The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania’s Moore School to develop the ENIAC.

 

 

 

1943 – World War IIthe Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams.(16th)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – Chinese/US arm forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma

1944 – Operation Straightline: Allies land in Neth New-Guinea

1945 – 2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu

1946 – Pres Harry Truman seizes control of nation’s railroads to delay a strike

1948 – Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi

1948 – Soviet Union recognized Israel

1949 – British government recognizes Republic of Ireland

1952 – 78th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Blue Man wins in 1:57.4

1954 – Supreme Court unanimously rules on Brown v Topeka Board of Education reversed 1896 “separate but equal” Plessy Vs Ferguson decision

1957 – Prayer Pilgrimage, biggest civil rights demonstration to date (DC)

1958 – 84th Preakness: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Tim Tam wins in 1:57.2

1961 – Castro offers to exchange Bay of Pigs prisoners for 500 bulldozers

1963 – Bruno Sammartino beats Buddy Rogers in NY, to become WWF champ

1964 – Phillies triple play Houston Colt .45s

1968 – Frank Howard belts record 8th HR in 5th straight game

1969 – 95th Preakness: Bill Hartack aboard Majestic Prince wins in 1:55.6

1969 – Balt, Cleve & Pitts agree to go from NFC to AFC in NFL

1969 – Russian probe Venera 6 landed on Venus

1970 – Hank Aaron becomes 9th player to get 3,000 hits

1970 – Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atlantic on reed raft Ra

1973 – Joe Ferguson, hits the 6,000th Dodger home run

1973 – Senate Watergate Committee begins its hearings

1973 – Stevie Wonder releases “You are the Sunshine of my Love”

1975 – 101st Preakness: Darrel McHargue aboard Master Derby wins in 1:56.4

1975 – 10cc releases “I’m Not in Love”

1975 – NBC paid $5M for rights to show “Gone with the Wind” one time

1976 – Earthquake in Uzbekistan: 1000’s killed

1978 – Lee Lacy hits record 3rd consecutive pinch-hit home run

1979 – -12°F (-11°C), on top of Mauna Kea, Hawaii (state record)

1980 – 106th Preakness: Angel Cordero Jr aboard Codex wins in 1:54.2

1980 – Kumar Anandan balanced on one foot for 33 hours

1980 – Major race riot in Miami Florida – 16 killed, 300 injured

1985 – Les Anderson, catches record 97 lb 4 oz Chinook Salmon, off Alaska

1986 – 112th Preakness: Alex Solis aboard Snow Chief wins in 1:54.8

 

 

 

1987 – USS Stark hit by Iraqi missiles37 sailors die

 

 

 

 

 

1989 – Longest Cab Ride Ever: 14,000 miles cost $16,000!

1990 – Cheers’ star Kelsey Grammer sentenced to jail for 30 days for DWI

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,831.71

1992 – Expos Gary Carter is 3rd to catch 2,000 games (joins Boone & Fisk)

1993 – Intel’s new Pentium processor is unveiled

1997 – 123rd Preakness: Gary Stevens aboard Silver Charm wins in 1:54

1997 – Troops of Laurent Kabila march into Kinshasa.

2006 – The aircraft carrier USS Oriskany is sunk in the Gulf of Mexico to be an artificial reef

2007 – Trains from North and South Korea cross the 38th Parallel in a test-run agreed by both governments. This is the first time that trains have crossed the Demilitarized Zone since 1953.

 

 

 

 

Births

1155 – Jien, Japanese poet and historian (d. 1225)

1443 – Edmund, Earl of Rutland, brother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England

1451 – Engelbert II, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz/viceroy of Luxembourg

1490 – Albrecht von Hohenzollern, 1st duke of Prussia

1551 – Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (d. 1608)

1576 – Ferdinand van Apshoven, the Older, Flemish painter, baptized

 

 

 

1682 – Bartholomew RobertsWelsh pirate (d. 1722)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1741 – John Penn, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence) [OS=May 6]

 

 

 

1743 – Seth WarnerAmerican revolutionary leader (d. 1784)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1749 – Edward Jenner, England, physician, discovered vaccination

1758 – John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (d. 1839)

1768 – Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general (d. 1854)

1812 – Joseph Warren Revere, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1880

1821 – Sebastian Kneipp, German naturopathist (d. 1897)

1836 – Joseph Norman Lockyer, discoverer (Helium)/founder (Nature magazine)

1836 – Wilhelm Steinitz, Austria, world chess champion (1866-94)

1846 – Edmund Bishop, English secretary of Thomas Carlyle

1867 – Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician/philosopher

1868 – Horace Elgin Dodge, American automobile manufacturer (d. 1920)

1879 – Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian independence fighter (d. 1926)

1896 – Hannah Tillich, writer

1897 – Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)

1898 – Alfred Joseph Casson, Canadian painter (d. 1992)

1900 – Ruhollah Khomeini, Iran’s ayatollah (1979-89)

1903 – Douglas Packard, British Lt General

1903 – James “Cool Papa” Bell, Starkville, Mississippi, baseball center fielder in Negro league baseball, considered by many to have been one of the fastest men ever to play the game (d. 1991)

1906 – Eric Mensforth, president (Westland Aircraft)

1907 – Charles Cawley, British chief scientist/minister of power

1907 – Ilona Schacherer Elek, Budapest Hung, fencer (Olympic-gold-1936, 48)

1909 – Edward Playfair, British senior civil servant

1911 – Knut Anders Haukfield, SOE Operative

1911 – Maureen O’Sullivan, Boyle Ireland, actress (Tarzan, Pride & Prejudice)

1912 – Archibald Cox, special prosecutor (Watergate)

1913 – Hans Ruesch, Swiss racing driver (d. 2007)

1915 – Joseph D Craggs, electrical engineer

1919 – Merle Miller, American biographer (d. 1986)

1923 – Michael Beetham, Marshal (RAF)

1924 – Lord Tombs, CEO (Rolls Royce)

1924 – Thomas Baird, vice-admiral

1927 – Ronald Halstead, deputy CEO (British Steel)

1928 – Donald Cameron Watt, historian

1928 – Vivian Moses, biotechnologist

1929 – Raymond Hide, geophysicist

1931 – Dewey Redman, jazz musician

1936 – Dennis Hopper, KS, actor (True Grit, Blue Velvet, Easy Rider)

1939 – Gary Paulsen, American author

1940 – Alan Kay, American computer scientist

1941 – Malcom Hale, rocker

 

 

 

1942 – Taj MahalNYCbluesmansinger/songwriter (Real Thing)

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1943 – Vicky Moscholiou, Greek singer (d. 2005)

1944 – Jesse Winchester, Shreveport La, singer/songwriter (Learn to Love it)

1945 – D A S Pennefather, Maj-General/Commandant (General Royal Marines)

1946 – Sinaida Turchina, USSR, team handball (Olympic-gold-1976)

1947 – John Traicos, cricketer (in Egypt South Africa 1970, Zimbabwe 1992-93)

1949 – Bill Bruford, English drummer (Yes, King Crimson-Red, Genesis)

1950 – Christian Lacroix, French couturier (Chic Frills)

1950 – Howard Ashman, American lyricist (d. 1991)

1953 – Kathleen Sullivan, Pasadena Ca, newscaster (ABC-TV, CBS Morning Show)

1955 – Bill Paxton, actor (Brain Dead, Next of Kin, Indian Summer, True Lies)

1956 – Bob Saget, Phila, comedian (Full House, America’s Funniest Home Video)

1956 – Sugar Ray [Charles] Leonard, Rocky Mount North Carolina, boxer (Olympics-gold-76)

1956 – Dave Sim, Canadian cartoonist

1959 – Paul Di’anno, rocker (Iron Maiden Chingford, London V Early Vocalist

1959 – Jim Nantz, American broadcaster

1960 – Lou DiBella, American boxing promoter

1961 – Enya [Eithne Ní Bhraonáin], Gweedore, County Donegal, Irish singer and songwriter (A Day Without Rain)

1962 – Craig Ferguson, Glasgow, Scottish actor, writer and comedian

1965 – Trent Reznor, musician (9 Inch Nails)

1965 – Richard Baumhammers, American spree killer

1967 – Cameron Bancroft, actor (Beverly Hills 90210)

1969 – Paige Turco, Boston MA, actress (Melanie-Guiding Light)

1970 – Jordan Nathaniel M Knight, Mass, rocker (New Kids-Hangin’ Tough)

1970 – Matt Lindland, American mixed martial arts fighter

1975 – Cheick Kongo, French martial artist

1975 – Jonti Picking, British cartoonist

1977 – Jere Michael, Aspen Colo, figure skater (1994 National Jr champ)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1050 – Guido van Arezzo, Italian music theorist, dies

1189 – Minamoto no Yoshitsune, Japanese general (b. 1159)

1336 – Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (b. 1288)

1365 – Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1328)

1395 – Constantine Dragas, Serbian ruler of a semi-independent realm

1464 – Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros, English politician (executed) (b. 1427)

1510 – Sandro Botticelli, Florentine Renaissance painter (Birth of Venus), dies at about 65

1591 – Jost/Jobst/Jodocus Amman, Swiss cartoonist/graphic artist, dies at 51

1606 – Forges Dimitri #1, czar of Russia (1605-06), murdered

1727 – Catherine I, Empress of Russia (1725-27), dies

1765 – Alexis Claude Clairault, French mathematician (b. 1713)

1801 – William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)

1807 – John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (b. 1745)

 

 

 

1829 – John Jayfirst Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1745)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1838 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, French diplomat (b. 1754)

1838 – René Caillé, French explorer (b. 1799)

1840 – Niccolo Paganini, composer, dies at 57

1868 – Isami Kondo, Shinsengumi Commander (b. 1834)

1875 – John C. Breckinridge, Vice President of the United States (b. 1821)

1879 – Asa Packer, railroad magnate and founder of Lehigh Valley Railroad (b. 1805)

1883 – Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies

1886 – John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer of agricultural equipment who founded Deere & Company, dies at 82

1889 – William Roxby Beverly, artist, dies

1916 – Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (b. 1862)

1917 – Charles Anthoni Johnson Brooke, ruler of Sarawak (b. 1829)

1926 – Lucien Herr, French leader (Correspondance entre Schiller), dies

1927 – Harold Geiger, U.S. Army aviation pioneer (b. 1884)

1930 – Herbert David Croly, US founder (New Republic), dies at 61

1945 – Jan van Geenen, resistance fighter, dies

1945 – Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies

1963 – John Wilce, physician and former head football coach at the Ohio State University (b. 1888)

1974 – Ernest Nash, German born archaeologist (b. 1898)

1978 – John Selwyn Brooke Selwyn Lloyd, speaker of house of commons, dies

1981 – Jeannette Ridlon Piccard, 1st US woman free balloon pilot, dies

1987 – Gunnar Myrdal, Sweden, economist (Nobel 1974), dies at 88

1992 – George Hurrell, Hollywood photographer, dies of cancer at 87

1992 – Lawrence Welk, conductor/accordionist (Lawrence Welk Show), dies of pneumonia at 89

1994 – Willian Noel Moffet, architect, dies at 82

1996 – Scott Evans Brayton, racing car driver, dies at 37

1996 – Willis Conover, broadcaster, dies at 75

 

 

 

1996 – Johnny “Guitar” WatsonBlues guitarist , dies at 61

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1999 – Bruce Fairbairn, Canadian record producer and musician (b. 1949)

2001 – Frank G. Slaughter, American novelist and physician (b. 1908)

2002 – Dave Berg, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

2005 – Frank Gorshin, American actor (b. 1934)

2006 – Captain Nichola Goddard, Canadian soldier (b. 1980)

2011 – Harmon Killebrew, American baseball player (b. 1936)

2012 – Donna Summer, American singer, dies from lung cancer at 63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

955 – Alberich II, (bastard?) son of Octavianus elected pope

1165 – Ramjbam & his family reach Acre Palestine

1204 – Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire.

1527 – Florence becomes a republic

1532 – Sir Thomas More resigns as English Lord Chancellor

1568 – Mary Queen of Scotland flees to England

1571 – Johannes Kepler, by his own calculations, is conceived at 4:37 AM

1606 – 2,000 foreigners murdered in Russia

1648 – Battle at Zolty Wody: Bohdan Chmielricki’s cosacks beat John Casimir

1763 – Samuel Johnson 1st meets his future biographer James Boswell in London

 

 

 

1771 – The Battle of Alamancea pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called “The Regulators“, occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1792 – Denmark abolishes slave trade

1815 – The Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, officially names the town of Blackheath in the upper Blue Mountains.

1817 – Mississippi River steamboat service begins

1860 – -18] Chicago: Republican convention selects Abraham Lincoln candidate

1861 – Kentucky proclaims its neutrality

1862 – Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Champion’s HillMS , bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca, ends (since May 13)

1864 – Battle of Bermuda Hundred, VA

1864 – Last battles at Drewry’s Bluff, Virginia (6,666 casualties)

1866 – Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer

1866 – Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)

1868 – By one vote, Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson

1869 – Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7

1872 – Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time

1874 – 1st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg Mass)

1875 – Quake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000

1881 – World’s 1st elec tram goes into service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin)

1882 – 8th Kentucky Derby: Babe Hurd aboard Apollo wins in 2:40.00

1884 – 10th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Buchanan wins in 2:40.25

1891 – George A Hormel & Co introduce Spam

1894 – Fire in Boston destroys baseball stadium & 170 other buildings

1903 – 1st transcontinental motorcycle trip begins at SF (George Wymann)

1903 – George Wyman makes 1st motorcycle trip across the US

1910 – US Bureau of Mines forms

1911 – Remains of a neanderthal man found in Jersey UK

1911 – Zeppelin “Deutscheland” wrecked at Dusseldorf

1914 – American Horseshoe Pitchers Association organizes in Kansas City

1916 – 41st Preakness: Linus McAtee aboard Damrosch wins in 1:54.8

 

 

 

1918 – The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congressmaking criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1920 – Joan of Arc (Jean D’arc) canonized a saint

1920 – Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull

1921 – 47th Preakness: F Coltiletti aboard Broomspun wins in 1:54.2

1922 – White Star Line Majestic completes 5½ day maiden voyage

1925 – 51st Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Flying Ebony wins in 2:07.6

1927 – Supreme Court ruled bootleggers must pay income tax

1929 – 1st Academy Awards – “Wings,” Emil Jennings & Janet Gaynor wins

1931 – 57th Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on Twenty Grand wins 2:01.8

1933 – Cecil Travis becomes 1st player to get 5 hits in his 1st game

1936 – 1st British air hostess (Daphne Kearley) flight to France

1936 – 62nd Preakness: George Woolf aboard Bold Venture wins in 1:59

1938 – 1st animal breeding society forms (NJ)

1939 – Food stamps are 1st issued

1941 – Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)

1943 – -17th] RAF bombs Möhne & Eder (Battle of Ruhr)

1943 – Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting

1944 – 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz

1945 – Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon Okinawa

1948 – CBS news correspondent George Polk’s body is found in Greece

1951 – The first regularly scheduled transatlantic flights begin between John F Kennedy International Airport in New York City and Heathrow Airport in London, operated by El Al Israel Airlines.

1954 – Ted Williams gets 8 hits in 1st game (DH) since breaking collarbone

1955 – Rocky Marciano TKOs Don Cockell in 9 for heavyweight boxing title

1957 – Maj Irwin, USAAF flies a Lockheed Starfight to a record 1,404.18 MPH

1957 – US launches its 3rd atomic submarine, USS Skate, at Groton Conn

1958 – Eli Beeding experiences 83 g deceleration on a rocket sled, New Mex

1958 – Walter Irwin flies 2,259 KPH in F-104A Starfighter

1959 – 85th Preakness: William Harmatz aboard Royal Orbit wins in 1:57

1963 – Gordon Cooper completes 22 orbits in Faith 7, ends US Proj Mercury

1964 – 90th Preakness: Bill Hartack aboard Northern Dancer wins in 1:56.8

1964 – Verne Gagne beats Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ

 

 

 

1965 – Bomb destroys USAF base Bien Hoa South Vietnam

 

A1C Sebastian Coco, Bien Hoa AB

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – The Campbell Soup Company introduces SpaghettiOs under its Franco-American brand.

1966 – National Welfare Rights Organization organizes

1967 – Phila voters approve a $13 million bond issue to build a new stadium

1969 – US nuclear sub Guitarro sinks off SF

1969 – Venera 5 lands on Venus, returns data on atmosphere

1970 – 96th Preakness: Eddie Belmonte aboard Personality wins in 1:56.2

1971 – 1st class postage now costs 8 cents (was 6 cents)

1972 – Greg Luzinski’s 500′ HR hits Liberty Bell monument in Phila Vet

1975 – Japanese Junko Tabei became 1st woman to reach Mt Everest’s summit

1975 – Muhammad Ali TKOs Ron Lyle in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

1977 – 5 die as NY Airway helicopter topples on Pan Am bldg in NYC

1980 – Brian May of rock group Queen collapses on stage with hepatitis

1980 – Former Buggles members Geoff Downes & Trevor Horn replace Jon Anderson & Rick Wakeman in Yes

1981 – “Bette Davis Eyes” by Kim Carnes hits #1 for next 9 weeks

1981 – 107th Preakness: Jorge Velasquez aboard Pleasant Colony wins in 1:54.6

1984 – Phillie pitcher Steve Carlton hits a grand slam homer

1984 – Mackay pays $218,718 for 44,166 tickets to keep Twins in Minnesota Twins sell 51,863 tickets but only 6,346 fans show up for the game

1985 – Michael Jordan named NBA Rookie of Year

1986 – “Top Gun,” premieres

1987 – 113th Preakness: Chris McCarron aboard Alysheba wins in 1:55.8

1987 – “Bobro 400,” a barge carrying 3,200 tons of garbage, set sail from NY, beginning an unsuccesful 8-week search for a dumping site

1991 – Queen Elizabeth becomes 1st British monarch to address US congress

1992 – “Smells Like Nirvana,” by Weird Al Yankovic hits #35

1992 – 118th Preakness: Chris McCarron aboard Pine Bluff wins in 1:55.6

1992 – Polls show Perot, Bush & Clinton could be in a deadlock

1994 – Jacqueline Onassis admitted to the hospital for cancer treatment

 

 

 

1995 – Japanese police arrest cult leader Shoko Asahara & charged him with Nerve-gas attack on Tokyo’s subways two months earlier

 

 

 

 

 

 

1996 – Sammy Sosa is 1st Chic Cub to hit 2 HRS in 1 inning

1997 – St Louis Cards Gary Gaetti records his 2,000th hits

1998 – 124th Preakness

2003 – In Casablanca, Morocco, 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in the Casablanca terrorist attacks.

2004 – The Day of Mourning at Bykivnia forest, just outside of Kiev, Ukraine. Here during 1930s and early 1940s communist bolsheviks executed over 100,000 Ukrainian civilians.

2005 – Kuwait permits women’s suffrage in a 35-23 National Assembly vote.

 

 

 

Births 

1558 – Andreas of Austria, Bohemia cardinal/gov of Netherlands (1598-1600)

1578 – Everard Digby, English conspirator (d. 1606)

1609 – Ferdinand, Austria, cardinal of Spain/governor of Netherlands

1641 – Dudley North, financier/economist

1718 – Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician (d. 1799)

1763 – Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin, chemist (discovered chromium, beryllium)

1801 – William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State, bought Alaska at 2 ¢/acre (d. 1872)

1804 – Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, educator/founder (US kindergarten)

1806 – George C Cadwalader, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879

1816 – Henry Hopkins Sibley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1886

1819 – Daniel Ammen, Capt (Union Navy), died in 1898

1821 – Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (d. 1894)

 

 

 

1824 – Edmund Kirby SmithFlaGeneral (Confederate Army), died in 1893

 

 

 

 

 

 

1831 – David Edward Hughes, inventor (microphone, teleprinter)

1832 – Philip Danforth Armour, founder (Armour Foods)

1845 – Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Russian microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1916)

1860 – Herman Webster Mudgett, American Serial Killer (d. 1896)

1866 – Ernest Watson Burgess, US sociologist (ecological school)

1904 – Hugh Plaxton, Canada, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1928)

 

 

 

1905 – Henry FondaGrand Is Nebraskaactor (Mr RobertsOn Golden Pond)

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1906 – Margret Rey, author and illustrator (d. 1996)

1907 – Robert Tisdall, Ireland, 400m hurdler (Olympic-gold-1932)

1911 – Margaret Sullivan, Norfolk Va, actress (Back Street)

1912 – Studs Terkel, NYC, author/host (Stud’s Place, Working)

1913 – Woody Herman, jazz clarinetist/bandleader/composer (Thundering Herds)

1914 – Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist and author

1916 – Ephraim Katzir, biophysicist/president (Israel)

1919 – Liberace, West Allis WI, pianist (Liberace Show, Evil Chandell-Batman)

1921 – Harry Carey Jr, Saugus California, actor (She Wore a Yellow Ribbon), (d. 2012)

1923 – Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)

1929 – Adrienne Cecile Rich, Balt Md, feminist writer (Diamond Cutters), (d. 2012)

1931 – Jack Dodson, Pitts Pa, actor (Howard Sprage-Andy Griffith Show)

1931 – Hana Brady, Killed during Holocaust

1934 – Anthony Walker, commandant (Royal College of Defense Studies)

1937 – Yvonne Craig, Taylorville Ill, actress (Batgirl-Batman, Kissin Cousin)

1938 – Anthony Walker, commandant (Royal College of Defense Studies)

1940 – Bernardo Bertolucci, Parma Italy, director (1900, Last Emperor)

 

 

 

1944 – Billy CobhamPanamajazz drummer (Same Ole Love)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1944 – Danny Trejo, American actor

1945 – Brewster H Shaw Jr, Mich, Col USAF/astro (STS-9, STS 61B, STS-28)

1946 – Robert Fripp, guitarist (King Crimson)

1946 – Jessi B Wilson, Mississippi, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1946 – Roger Earl, rocker (Foghat)

1947 – Barbara Lee, US singer (Chiffons, He’s So Fine)

1949 – William Sputnik Spooner, rock guitarist (Grateful Dead, Tubes)

1950 – Johannes Bednorz, German superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987)

1953 – Pierce Brosnan, County Meath Ireland, actor (Remington Steele, Golden Eye)

1955 – Debra Winger, Columbus Oh, actress (Officer & Gentleman)

1955 – Olga Korbut, Grodno Belorussia, gymnist (Olympic-2 golds-1972)

1957 – Joan Benoit Samuelson, Cape Elizabeth ME, marathoner (Oly-gold-1984)

1959 – Mare Winningham, Phoenix Az, actress (St Elmo’s Fire, Turner & Hooch)

1960 – Anne Parillaud, Paris France, actress (Subway, Nikita, Innocent Blood)

1961 – Charles Wright, American professional wrestler known as “The Godfather”

1964 – Boyd Tinsley, American violinist (Dave Matthews Band)

1965 – Krist Novoselic, American bassist (Nirvana)

1966 – Janet Jackson, Gary Indiana, singer, Michael’s sister (Control)

1969 – Steven Earl Lewis, LA California, 4X100/400m runner (Olympic-gold-1988)

1969 – Tracey Gold, NYC, actress (Carol-Growing Pains, Incredible Sunday)

1969 – Tucker Carlson, American television commentator

 

 

 

1970 – Gabriela SabatiniArgentinatennis player (Olympic-silver-1988)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Matthew Hart, cricketer (NZ lefty spinner 1994- )

1979 – McKenzie Lee, English pornographic actress

1981 – Jessica Ponzo, Miss New Jersey Teen USA (1996)

1983 – Kyle Wellwood, Canadian ice hockey player

1986 – Megan Fox, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, American actress (Transformers) and model

 

 

 

Deaths

583 – Saint Brendan, Irish navigator (b. 484)

942 – Saadiah Gaon, head of Talmudic Academy of Sura, dies

1265 – Saint Simon Stock, English saint (b. 1165)

1434 – Pieter Appelmans, Flemish architect/master builder, dies at about 60

1569 – Dirk Willems, Anabaptist Martyr

1620 – William Adams, English navigator (b. 1564)

1667 – Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, English statesman (b. 1607)

1669 – Pietro da Cortona, [Berrettini], painter/architect, dies

 

 

 

1691 – Jacob Leislerbecomes 1st American colonist hanged for treason

 

 

 

 

 

 

1777 – Button GwinnetUS revolutionary leadersigner of Dec of Ind , dies from wounds

 

 

 

 

 

 

1805 – Christian Brunings, hydraulic engineer, dies at 68

1819 – Alexander van Bylandt, military, dies at 75

1829 – William Congreve, English officer, dies at 56

1830 – Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, mathematician, dies

1863 – Lloyd Tilghman, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 47

1864 – Lean Bear, Cheyenne chief, murdered

1892 – John Banvard, painted worlds largest painting (3 mile canvas), dies

1920 – Levi P. Morton, United States Vice President under Benjamin Harrision (b. 1824)

1942 – Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, anthropologist, dies

1944 – Max Brand, [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies

1947 – Frederick Hopkins, English biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1861)

 

 

 

1953 – Django ReinhardtBelgian musician (b. 1910)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1954 – Werner Bischof, Swiss photographer, dies accidentally at 38

1955 – James Agee, US critic/writer (Death in Family), dies in NY

1956 – H. B. Reese, American founder of Reese’s (b. 1876)

1957 – Eliot Ness, American federal agent (b. 1903)

1959 – Joe Cook, Stage comedian, dies at 69

1975 – Michael X, (Abdul Malik), hanged in Trinidad, for murder

1984 – Andy Kaufman, comedian (Latka-Taxi), dies of cancer at 35

1984 – Irwin Shaw, US writer (Rich Man, Poor Man), dies at 71

1985 – Margaret Hamilton, actress (Wicked Witch-Wizard of Oz), dies at 82

 

 

 

1988 – Kay Baxterbest bodybuilder in the world (1983-85), dies in car crash at 42

 

 

 

 

 

 

1989 – Hassan Khaled, sheik of Lebanon, murdered

1990 – Dag Drollet, Cheyenne Brando’s boyfriend killed by brother Christian

1990 – Jim Henson, puppeteer (Sesame Street, Muppet Show), dies at 53

 

 

 

1990 – Sammy Davis Jrsinger/actor (Golden Boy), dies at 64

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1993 – Marv Johnson, US soul singer (You Got What it Takes), dies at 54

1996 – Mike Jeremy Boorda, Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) commits suicide at 57

1996 – Pierre Debizet, resistance fighter/special agent, dies at 72

2000 – Bodacious the Bull Famous rodeo bull (b. 1988)

2001 – Brian Pendleton, English musician (The Pretty Things) (b. 1944)

2002 – Alec Campbell, the last surviving ANZAC (b. 1899)

2010 – Ronnie James Dio, American heavy metal vocalist (b. 1942)

2010 – Hank Jones, American jazz pianist (b. 1918)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

756 – Abd-al-Rahman I becomes emir of Cordova Spain

884 – Marinus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1004 – Henry II the Saint crowned king of Italy

1248 – Archbishop Konrad v Hochstaden lays cornerstone for Koln cathedral

1252 – Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition.

1492 – Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kills 232 Alkmaarse

1525 – German boer army surrounded/slaughters 5,000; ends Boer war

1525 – The battle of Frankenhausen ends the Peasants’ War.

1536 – Anna Boleyn & George Boleyn Lord Rochford accused of adultery/incest

1602 – Cape Cod discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold

1618 – Johannes Kepler discovers harmonics law

1625 – 16 rebellious farmers hanged in Vocklamarkt Upper-Austria

1648 – Treaty of Munster: Spain & Netherlands ratified

1672 – 1st copyright law enacted by Massachusetts

1702 – War of Spanish Succession, 1st American conflict between England & France

 

 

 

1718 – James Pucklea London lawyerpatents world’s 1st machine gun

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1730 – Robert Walpole becomes England 1st prime minister (was: chief min)

1791 – Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying Ordinance.

1793 – Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for “about 360 meters”, at a height of 5-6 meters, during one of the first attempted flights.

1800 – King George III survives a 2nd assassination attempt

1817 – Opening of the first private mental health hospital in the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1829 – Joseph Smith ordained by John the Baptist according to Joseph Smith

1836 – Francis Baily observes “Baily’s Beads” during annular solar eclipse

1858 – Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London

1862 – Battle of Drewry’s Bluff (Ft Darling), Virginia

1862 – Confederate cruiser The Alabama runs aground near London

1862 – Department of Agriculture created

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of New MarketVirginia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Skirmish at Marksville (Avoyelles) (Red River Campaign)

1869 – National Woman Suffrage Association forms

1876 – 2nd Kentucky Derby: Bobby Swim aboard Vagrant wins in 2:38.25

1894 – 20th Kentucky Derby: Frank Goodale aboard Chant wins in 2:41

1896 – Tornado kills 78 in Texas

1897 – The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.

1902 – Lyman Gilmore is 1st person to fly a powered craft

1905 – Las Vegas Nevada founded

1906 – NY Giants’ Hooks Wiltse strikes out 4 batters in 1 inning

1910 – The last time a major earthquake happened on the Elsinore Fault Zone.

1911 – Supreme Court dissolves Standard Oil (Sherman Antitrust Act)

1912 – Ty Cobb rushes a heckler at a NY Highlander game & is suspended

1918 – 1st airmail postal service (NY, Phila & Wash DC)

1918 – 1st regular airmail service (between NY & Wash) inaugurated

1918 – 43rd Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard War Cloud wins in 1:53.6

1919 – 44th Preakness: Charles Peak aboard Jack Hare Jr wins in 1:53.4

1918 – Washington Senator Walter Johnson pitches 1-0, 18 inning game

 

 

 

1918 – The Finnish Civil War ends.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1926 – 52nd Kentucky Derby: Albert Johnson on Bubbling Over wins in 2:03.8

1928 – Mickey Mouse made his 1st appearance in “Plane Crazy”

1929 – Fire in X-ray film stock kills 125 at Crile Clinic (Cleve Ohio)

1930 – Ellen Church becomes 1st airline stewardess, United (SF to Cheyenne)

1932 – The May 15 Incident: in an attempted Coup d’état, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is killed.

1933 – 1st voice amplification system to be used in US Senate

1934 – Dept of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive

1937 – 63rd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4

1940 – German armour division moves into Northern France

1940 – USS Sailfish (SS-192) recomisioned, origionaly the Squalus.

1940 – McDonald’s opens its first restaurant in San Bernardino, California.

1941 – 1st British turbojet flies

1941 – Joe DiMaggio starts 56-game hitting streak; Yanks lose 13-1

1942 – Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)

1943 – Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International).

1944 – Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill & George VI discuss D-Day plan

1945 – World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.

1948 – 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends

1948 – 74th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Citation wins in 2:02.4

1948 – Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq & Saudi-Arabia troops attack Israel

1951 – AT&T is 1st US company to have one million stockholders

1952 – Johnny Longden becomes 2nd jockey to ride 4,000 winners

1953 – Heavyweight champion Rocky Marciano KOs Jersey Joe Walcott in Chicago

1955 – Building of space travel center at Baikonur Kazachstan begins

1955 – The first ascent of Makalu, the world’s fifth highest mountain.

1957 – 18,000 people at Madison Sq Garden-Billy Graham launched a crusade

1957 – 1st British H-bomb explosion (over Christmas Island)

1958 – USSR launches Sputnik III

1959 – 100th anniversary of 1st college baseball game, between Amherst & Williams Teams reenact the original contest

1960 – Taxes took 25% of earnings in US

1962 – US marines arrive in Laos

1963 – Last Project Mercury flight, L Gordon Cooper in Faith 7, launched

1963 – Peter, Paul & Mary win their 1st Grammy (If I Had a Hammer)

1963 – Tottenham Hotspur wins 3rd Europe Cup II at Rotterdam

1965 – 91st Preakness: Ron Turcotte aboard Tom Rolfe wins in 1:56.2

1966 – South Vietnamese army battle Buddhists, about 80 die

1969 – Associate Justice Abe Fortas resigns from Supreme Court

1970 – Elizabeth Hoisington & Anna Mae Mays named 1st female US generals

1970 – Mississippi Highway Patrol kills 2 at Jackson State College

1971 – 97th Preakness: Gustavo Avila aboard Canonero II wins in 1:54

1972 – George Wallace shot & left paralyzed by Arthur Bremer in Laurel, Md

1972 – The island of Okinawa, under U.S. military governance since its conquest in 1945, reverts to Japanese control.

1973 – California Angel Nolan Ryan’s 1st no-hitter beats KC Royals, 3-0

 

 

 

1974 – Ma’alot massacre:  31 peopleincluding hostage takersare killed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1976 – 102nd Preakness: John Lively aboard Elocutionist wins in 1:55

1980 – 1st trans-US balloon crossing

1981 – “Harlem Globetrotters on Gilligan’s Island” airs

1981 – 2nd City TV’s (SCTV) network premier (NBC)

1981 – SCTV Network 90, sequel to Second City Television debut on NBC

1982 – 108th Preakness: Jack Kaenel aboard Aloma’s Ruler wins in 1:55.4

1983 – Madison Hotel (Boston) destroyed by implosion

1987 – Record archery score for a pair over 24 hrs, is set

1988 – Moscow began withdrawing its 115,000 troops in Afghanistan

 

 

 

1990 – “Portrait of Doctor Gachet” by Vincent Van Gogh sold for $82.5 million

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,822.45

1991 – Pres Bush takes Queen Elizabeth to Oakland A’s-Balt Oriole game

1992 – NY dept store chain Alexanders announces closing of all 11 stores

1993 – 119th Preakness: Mike Smith aboard Prairie Bayou wins in 1:56.6

1993 – Alamodome in San Antonio TX opens

1997 – ABC News & Starwave Corp launch ABCNEWS.com

2010 – Jessica Watson becomes the youngest person to sail, non-stop and unassisted around the world solo.

 

 

 

Births

1565 – Henrick de Keyser, architect/master builder of Amsterdam

1567 – Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi, Cremona Italy, composer (L’Orfeo)

1608 – René Goupil, French Catholic missionary (Canadian Martyrs) (d. 1642)

1720 – Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)

1749 – Levi Lincoln, Sr., American revolutionary, statesman, politician, and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1820)

1773 – Clemens L Metternich, Austrian prince

1786 – General Dimitris Plapoutas, a Revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1864)

1802 – Isaac Ridgeway Trimble, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1888

1810 – Jacob Thompson, (Confederacy), died in 1885

1819 – Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, Major General (Union volunteers)

1830 – Laurence Simmons Baker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907

1845 – Ilja [Elias] Metsjnikov, USSR, zoologist/bacteriologist (Nobel 1908)

 

 

 

1856 – Lyman Frank BaumNYchildren’s book author (Wizard of Oz)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1857 – Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)

1859 – Pierre Curie, France, physicist (Nobel 1903)

1890 – Katherine Anne Porter, US, novelist (Ship of Fools)

1895 – Charles Lamont, SF CA, director (Abbott & Costello Go to Mars)

1899 – Jean-Etienne Valluy, French general (d. 1970)

1903 – Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (d. 1998)

1904 – Gustav-Adolf Boltenstein, Sweden, equest dressage (Oly-gold-1952, 56)

1905 – Joseph Cotten, Virginia, actor (3rd Man, Airport 77, Hearse)

 

 

 

1909 – James MasonEnglandactor (LolitaBloodlineBoys From Brazil)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1914 – Jack Pepys, immunologist

1915 – Paul A Samuelson, economist (1970 Nobel, 1947 John Bates Clark Medal)

1918 – Eddy Arnold, Henderson TN, country singer (Cattle Call, Anytime)

1918 – Joseph Wiseman, Montreal, actor (Dr No, Viva Zapata, Les Miserables)

1920 – Hugh Henry Home Popham, aviator/writer/poet

1923 – Richard Avedon, US, photographer (1957 ASMP award)

1924 – Maria Koepcke, German ornithologist (d. 1971)

1930 – Jasper Johns, Augusta, Ga, painter/sculptor (Green Target)

1936 – Anna Maria Alberghetti, Italy, singer/actress (Cinderfella)

1936 – Donald [Anthony] Moffitt, US, sci-fi author (Jupiter Theft)

1936 – Wavy Gravy, American clown and activist

1936 – Ralph Steadman, British cartoonist

1937 – Trini Lopez, Trinidad, singer/guitarist (If I Had a Hammer)

1937 – Madeleine Albright, U.S. Secretary of State

1940 – Paul Rudd, Boston Mass, actor (Conn Yankee in King Arthur’s Court)

1941 – K T Oslin, Crossett Ar, country singer (80’s Ladies)

1941 – Lainie Kazan, Brooklyn, singer/actress (Lust in the Dust, Beaches)

1942 – Anthony Wayne England, Indianapolis, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-F)

1944 – Gunilla Hutton, Goteborg Sweden, actress (Petticoat Junction)

1944 – Miruts Yifter, Ethiopia, 5K/10K runner (Olympic-gold-1980)

1944 – Tich, rocker

1946 – Chazz Palminteri, Bronx NY, actor (Jade, Diabolique, Bronx Tale)

1947 – Graham Goble, Adelaide,Australia, rock guitarist (Little River Band)

1948 – Brian Eno, Woodbridge England, rock keyboardist/singer (On Land)

1949 – Frank L Culbertson Jr, Charleston SC, Cmdr USN/astro (STS-38)

1953 – George Brett, WV, KC Royal 3rd baseman (1980 AL MVP)

1953 – Mike Oldfield, England, composer (Tubular Bells)

1954 – Robert P. Harrison, American thinker

1960 – Rob Bowman, American film director

1964 – Pamela Dukes, Bronx NY, discus thrower

1967 – John Smoltz, Detroit MI, pitcher (Atlanta Braves, 1996 Cy Young)

1969 – Emmitt Smith, running back (Dallas Cowboys, 3-time NFL rushing leader)

 

 

 

1969 – Holly McPeakManhattan Beach CAbeach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1970 – Prince Be, rapper (PM Dawn)

1971 – Phil Pfister, American strength athlete

1973- Tori Spelling, LA Ca, actress (Donna-Beverly Hills 90210)

1974 – Ahmet Rodan Zappa, son of Frank/rocker (Z, 2 Hip 4 TV)

1978 – Amy Chow, San Jose California, gymnast (Olympics-gold/silver-96)

1978 – David Krumholtz, NYC, actor (Billy Kulchak-Chicago Sons)

1980 – Josh Beckett, American baseball player

1981 – Zara Anne Elizabeth Phillips, daughter of Princess Anne

1981 – Jamie-Lynn Sigler, American actress

1982 – Jessica Sutta, American dancer, singer and actress (The Pussycat Dolls)

1983 – Devin Bronson, American guitarist (Avril Lavigne)

1984 – Sérgio Jimenez, Brazilian racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

392 – Valentinianus II, emperor of Rome (375-392), murdered at 21

884 – Marinus I, [Martinus II], Pope (882-84), dies

913 – Hatto I, Archbishop of Mainz

1036 – Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (b. 1008)

1157 – Yury Dolgoruky, Russian prince

1174 – Nur ad-Din, King of Syria (1146-1174), dies at 56

1381 – Eppelein von Gailingen, German robber baron

1470 – Charles VIII of Sweden (b. 1409)

1482 – Paolo Toscanelli, Italian physician & mapmaker, dies

 

 

 

1585 – Niwa NagahideJapanese warlord (b. 1535)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1591 – Dmitry Ivanovitch, youngest son of Russian Tsar Ivan IV, murdered at 8

1621 – Henrick de Keyser, Amsterdam’s master builder, dies at 56

1622 – Peter Plancius, Flemish vicar/cartographer, dies at about 69

1634 – Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (b. 1585)

1685 – Henri Otto, Spanish marquis of Caretto/Savona/Grana, dies

1714 – Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar

1740 – Ephraim Chambers, English encyclopaedist (b. 1680)

1760 – Alaungpaya, King of Burma (b. 1711)

1879 – Gottfried Semper, German architect (b. 1803)

1886 – Emily Dickinson, US poet, dies at 55

1932 – Ki Inukai, premier Japan (1931-32), murdered

 

 

 

1945 – Major Henry Alexius CourtneyUS medal of honor marinedies in battle of Sugar Loaf

 

 

 

 

COURTNEY, HENRY ALEXIUS, JR. Photo

 

 

 

 

 

1948 – Edward Flanagan, American priest and founder of Boys Town (b. 1886)

1964 – Cornelis H Edelman, Dutch geologist, dies at 61

1967 – Edward Hopper, US painter (House by Railroad), dies at 84

1972 – Nigel Green, actor (Skull, Tobruk, Ipcress File), dies at 47

 

 

 

1976 – Samuel Eliot MorisonUS historian , Admiral (Admiral of Ocean Sea), dies at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

1982 – Gordon Smiley, American race car driver (b. 1946)

1986 – Theodore H White, US journalist (Making of Pres, Pulitzer), dies at 71

1988 – Andrew Duggan, actor (Jigsaw, Firehouse), dies of cancer at 64

1991 – Bud Freeman, jazz tenor saxophonist, dies of cancer at 84

1992 – Robert Morris Page, US physicist (radar), dies at 88

1992 – Jovy Marcelo, Filipino race car driver (b. 1965)

1994 – Royal Dano, actor (Ghoulies 2), dies of a heart attack at 71

1994 – [Henry] John Baker, resistance fighter/journalist (Slogan), dies at 79

2003 – June Carter Cash, American musician and singer (b. 1929)

2003 – George Francis, British gangster (b. 1940)

2007 – Jerry Falwell, American evangelist (b. 1933)

2007 – Yolanda King, American actress and activist, daughter of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1955)

2008 – Alexander Courage, composer of original Star Trek theme (b. 1919)

2008 – Robert Dunlop, Northern Irish motorcycle racer, younger brother of Joey Dunlop (b. 1960)

2010 – Loris Kessel, Swiss racing driver (b. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

649 – Theodore I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1027 – Robert II, the Vrome, names son Henry I, king of France

1264 – Battle at Lewes during the 2nd Barons War: Simon van Leicester beats English King Henry III

1483 – Coronation of Charles VIII of France (“Charles l’Affable”).

1509 – Battle of Agnadello, French beat Venitians in Northern Italy

1576 – Dutch Council of State replaced by Council of Beroerten

1607 – 1st permanent English settlement in New World, Jamestown, Va

1608 – The Protestant Union is founded in Auhausen.

1610 – Assassination of Henri IV of France, bringing Louis XIII to the throne.

1638 – Admiral Adam Westerwolt conquerors Batticaloa, Ceylon

1664 – Turkish great Kiprulu attacks 120,000 Donau soldiers

1747 – A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.

1767 – British government disbands Americans import duty on tea

1804 – Lewis & Clark set out from St Louis for Pacific Coast

1811 – Paraguay gains independence from Spain (Natl Day)

1853 – Gail Borden patents her process for condensed milk

1861 – The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite, strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain.

1862 – Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph

1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place.

1868 – Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō.

1878 – Vaseline is 1st sold (registered trademark for petroleum jelly)

1884 – Anti-Monopoly party forms in US

1885 – 11th Kentucky Derby: Babe Henderson aboard Joe Cotton wins in 2:37.25

1886 – 12th Kentucky Derby: Paul Duffy aboard Ben Ali wins in 2:36.50

1888 – 14th Kentucky Derby: George Covington aboard MacBeth II wins in 2:38.00

1890 – 16th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Riley wins in 2:45

1894 – Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings

1896 – Lowest US temperature in May recorded (-10°F-Climax, Colo)

1904 – 1st Olympics in US are held (St Louis)

1908 – 1st passenger flight in an airplane

1910 – Canada authorizes issuing of silver dollar coins

1919 – 45th Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 1:53

1920 – Wash Senator Walter Johnson wins his 300th game vs Detroit

1927 – 53rd Kentucky Derby: Linus McAtee aboard Whiskery wins in 2:06

1931 – Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.

1938 – 64th Preakness: Maurice Peters aboard Dauber wins in 1:59.8

 

 

 

1939 – Lina Medina becomes the world’s youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – Lord Beaverbrook appointed British minister of aircraft production

1940 – World War II: The Netherlands surrenders to Germany.

1942 – US Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms

1943 – Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.

1944 – Gens Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

1945 – Kamikaze-Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise

1945 – US offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered

1948 – Israel declares independence from under British administration

1949 – 75th Preakness: Ted Atkinson aboard Capot wins in 1:56
1949 – Harry Truman signs bill establishing a rocket test range at Cape Canaveral

1951 – Ernie Kovacs Show, TV Variety debut on NBC

1954 – Belgium shortens military conscription from 20 to 18 months

1955 – Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania

1961 – Bus with 1st group of Freedom Riders bombed & burned in Alabama

 

 

 

1961 – Stirling Moss wins the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Underground America Day is 1st observed

1965 – 2nd Chinese atom bomb explodes

1967 – Mickey Mantle’s 500th HR off Oriole’s Stu Miller

1969 – Last Chevrolet Corsair built

1970 – Cops kill 2 students in racial disturbance (Jackson State U, Miss)

1970 – Harry A Blackmun appointed to Supreme Court

1970 – RAF-leader Andreas Baader freed after serving 2 years in West Berlin

1970 – The Red Army Faction is established in Germany.

1972 – In Willie Mays 1st game as a NY Met his homer beats SF Giants, 5-4

1973 – Gold hits record $102.50 an ounce in London

1973 – Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In, last airs on NBC-TV

1973 – Skylab launched, 1st Space Station

1973 – US Supreme court approves equal rights to females in military

1975 – US forces raid Cambodian island of Koh Tang to free Mayaguez ship

1976 – Lowell Thomas ends 46 years as radio network reporter

1976 – Oil tanker Urqui Ola explodes off Spanish coast

1983 – “She Blinded Me with Science” by Thomas Dolby hits #5

1983 – Rosa Mota runs female world record 20k (1:06:55.5)

1986 – Institute for War documents publishes Anne Franks complete diary

1986 – Reggie Jackson hit his 537th HR passing Mickey Mantle into 6th place

1986 – Pride of Baltimore lost at sea.

1987 – Colt revolver (Peacemaker) of 1873 sells for $242,000

1988 – 1st non-pitcher (Jose Oquendo) in 20 years to get a decision in a baseball game, he & St Louis Cards lose to Braves 7-5 in 19 inn

1989 – 1st Tour de Trump bicycle race run (Atlanta)

1989 – 1st time since 1948 a player hit 6 consecutive doubles (Kirby Puckett)

1989 – Demonstration for democratic reforms in Beijing’s Tiananmen square

1989 – Final TV episode of “Family Ties” airs

1989 – Moonlighting, TV Crime Drama last airs on ABC

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,821.53

1991 – Robert M Gates becomes head of CIA

1991 – World’s Largest Burrito created at 1,126 lbs

1995 – Dalai Lama proclaims 6-year-old Gedhun Choekyi Nyima 11th reincarnation of Panchen Lama, Tibet’s 2nd most sr spiritual leader

1998 – Last episode of Seinfeld on NBC (commercials are $2M for 30 seconds)

2005 – The former USS America (CV-66), a decommissioned supercarrier of the United States Navy, is deliberately sunk in the Atlantic Ocean after four weeks of live-fire exercises. She is the largest ship ever to be disposed of as a target in a military exercise.

2012 – Stanford University scientists develop prototype bionic eye

 

 

 

Births

1316 – Charles IV, King of Bohemia (1346-78) and Holy Roman Emperor (1355-78). Dies 1378

1553 – Margaret of Valois, wife of Henry IV (d. 1615)

1652 – Johann Philipp Fortsch, composer

1666 – Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (d. 1732)

1679 – Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer

1686 – Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Prussia, inventor (thermometer) [NS=5/24]

1699 – Hans Joachim von Zieten, Prussian field marshal (d. 1786)

1710 – Adolf Frederik, king of Sweden (1751-70)

1725 – Ludovico Manin, last Doge of Venice (d. 1802)

1737 – George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, British statesman (d. 1806)

1814 – Charles Beyer, German-British locomotive engineer (d. 1876)

1830 – George Pierce Doles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1836 – James Patrick Major, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877

1885 – Otto Klemperer, Breslau Germany, conductor/composer (Das Ziel)

1897 – Sidney Bechet, US, jazz clarinetist/saxophonist/band leader

1897 – Ed Ricketts, American marine biologist (d. 1948)

1898 – Zutty Singleton, US jazz drummer

1904 – Marcel Junod, Swiss physician (d. 1961)

1915 – Harry Joseph Chick Daugherty, trombonist (Spike Jones & City Slickers)

1916 – Del Moore, American comedian (d. 1970)

1922 – Richard Deacon, actor (Mel Cooley-Dick Van Dyke Show)

1923 – Diane Arbus, [Nemerov], NYC, photographer (Vogue/Harper’s Bazaar)

1925 – Al Porcino, American jazz trumpet player

1928 – Will “Dub Jones, American singer (The Coasters) (d. 2000)

1928 – Frederik H. Kreuger, Dutch scientist and inventor

1934 – Siân Phillips, Welsh actress

 

 

 

1936 – Bobby Darin, [Walden Waldo Cassotto], Bronxsinger (Mack the Knife)

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1940 – ‘H’. Jones, British Soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)

1942 – Lord McAlpine, English contractor/multi-millionaire

1943 – Elizabeth Ray, Marshall NC, congressman Wayne Hays’ lover

1943 – Jack Bruce, Lanarkshire Scotland, bassist (Cream-White Room)

1944 – George Lucas, Modesto CA, director (Star Wars, Indiana Jones)

1946 – Derek Lek Leckenby, rock guitarist (Herman’s Hermits-Kinda Hush)

1946 – Robert Jarvik, surgeon/inventor (Jarvik 7 artificial heart)

1947 – Al Ciner, Chicago Ill, rock guitarist (American Breed)

1947 – Tamara Dobson, Baltimore MD, actress (Amazons, Cleopatra Jones)

1951 – Robert Zemeckis, American film director (Forrest Gump, Back to the Future)

1951 – Jay Beckenstein, saxophonist (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance)

1951 – Seasan Hubley, [Susan], NYC, actress (Vice Squad, Hardcore)

 

 

 

1952 – David ByrneDumbarton Scotlandrock guitarist/singer (Talking HeadsBurning Down the House)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1953 – Bill Meek, Upland PA, prone rifle (Olympics-8th-1996)

1953 – Tom Cochrane, Toronto Canada, rock vocalist/guitarist (Red Rider)

1956 – Gillian [Marucha] Bradshaw, US, sci-fi author (Hawk of May)

1957 – William G Gregory, Lockport NY, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 67)

1961 – Tim Roth, London England, actor (Reservoir Dogs, Vincent & Theo)

1962 – C C Deville, rocker (Poison-Talk Dirty to Me)

1964 – James M Kelly, Burlington Iowa, Capt USAF/astronaut

1966 – Fabrice Morvan, Guadeloupe, singer (Milli Vanilli-Girl You Know)

1966 – Raphael Saadiq, American musician (Tony! Toni! Toné!)

1969 – David William Wood, Boston, rocker (New Kids-Lovin’ You Forever)

1969 – Cate Blanchett, Melbourne, Victoria, Australian actress (Elizabeth, Galadriel-The Lord of the Rings)

1971 – Sofia Coppola, American director

1975 – Nicki Sørensen, Danish road bicycle racer

1976 – Terrance Cauthen, Trenton NJ, lightweight boxer (Olympics-bronze-96)

1977 – Sophie Anderton, English model and television personality

1978 – Heather Brink, Lincoln Neb, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1983 – Amber Tamblyn, Santa Monica California, actress (Emily Bowen-Gen Hospital)

1983 – Anahí, Mexican actress and singer (RBD)

1984 – Mark Zuckerberg, White Plains, New York, American internet entrepreneur and founder of Facebook

1993 – Miranda Cosgrove, American actress and singer

 

 

 

Deaths

347 – Pachomius, Egyptian monastery founder/abbot (Coenobieten), dies

649 – Theodore, Greek Pope (642-49) (excommunicated by Paul II), dies

964 – John XII, [Octavianus], Pope (955-64), dies

1470 – Charles VIII of Sweden (b. 1409)

1565 – Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reform theologist, dies

1574 – Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (b. 1479)

1610 – Henry IV, 1st Bourbon King of France (1572, 89-1610), murdered at 56

1643 – Louis XIII, King of France (1610-43), dies at 41

1669 – Georges de Scudéry, French writer (b. 1601)

1726 – Moshe Darshan, Rabbi/author (Torat Ahsam), dies

1761 – Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (rule of Simpson), dies at 50

1832 – John van Speijk, Dutch heroic sailor, buried

1864 – William N Green Jr, Union brig-general, dies

1878 – Ookubo Toshimichi, Japanese statesman, samurai, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration (b. 1830)

 

 

 

1887 – Lysander SpoonerAmerican philosopher (b. 1808)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1906 – Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)

1912 – August Strindberg, Swedish writer (Deaddans), dies at 63

1918 – James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1841)

1919 – Henry John Heinz, founder of the H. J. Heinz Company, dies at 74

1925 – Henry Rider Haggard, English writer (Dawn, She), dies

1931 – David Belasco, American theatrical producer (b. 1853)

1931 – Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter (b. 1887)

1940 – Emma Goldman, US anarchists/feminist/author (Living My Life), dies

1947 – John Ray Sinnock, US chief engraver (1925-47), dies at 59

 

 

 

1954 – Heinz GuderianGerman General (b. 1888)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – Sidney Bechet, US jazz clarinetist/saxophonist/bandleader, dies at 62

1968 – Husband Edward Kimmel, commandant US Ocean fleet WW II, dies at 86

1970 – Billie Burke, comedienne (Glinda-Wizard of Oz), dies at 84

1982 – Hugh Beaumont, actor (Ward-Leave it to Beaver), dies at 73

1984 – Larry Stock, songwriter (Blueberry Hill), dies

1987 – Rita Hayworth, actress (Gilda), dies of Alzheimer’s disease at 68

1991 – Jiang Qing, widow of Chinese leader Mao Tse Tung, commits suicide

1992 – Lyle Alzado, NFL defense linesman (Raiders), dies of cancer at 43

1993 – William Randolph Hearst, US newspaper magnate (Pulitzer), dies at 85

1995 – Christian B. Anfinsen, American Nobel laureate (b. 1916)

1997 – Harry Blackstone Jr, magician, dies of cancer at 62

1998 – Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor, dies at 82

2003 – Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player (b. 1940)

2003 – Robert Stack, American actor (b. 1919)

2007 – Mary Goldsmith, American ceramist (b. 1908)

2007 – Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (b. 1921)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

535 – St Agapitus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

609 – Pope Boniface I turns Pantheon in Rome into a Catholic church

641 – Eligius (Saint Eloy) becomes bishop of Doornik-Noyon

1106 – Henry I of Limburg becomes duke of Neth-Lutherans

1110 – Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath

1364 – Peter Coutherel banished from Leuven

1497 – Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola

1559 – Excavated corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel

1568 – Mary Queen of Scots is defeated by English at battle of Langside

1607 – English colonists (John Smith) lands near James River in VA

1624 – Admiral Hermites fleet blockade Lima Peru

1637 – Cardinal Richelieu of France creates the table knife

1643 – Battle at Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists

1643 – Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population

1648 – Construction of the Red Fort at Delhi is completed.

1654 – Venetian fleet under Adm Adeler beats Turkish

1846 – US declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins

1861 – Queen Victoria announces England’s position of neutrality

1861 – The Great Comet of 1861 is discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia.

1864 – -16] Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca Georgia

1865 – S Brownsville, TX (Palmito Ranch) Final engagement of Civil War PVT John J Williams of 34th Indiana is last man killed

1884 – Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms

1887 – 15th Preakness: William Donohue aboard Dunboyne wins in 2:39.25

1890 – 18th Preakness: W Martin aboard Montague wins in 2:36.75

1891 – 17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52.25

1911 – 37th Kentucky Derby: George Archibald aboard Meridian wins in 2:05

1913 – 1st four engine aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky-Russia)

1916 – 42nd Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard George Smith wins in 2:04

1916 – Native American Day is 1st observed

1922 – 48th Kentucky Derby: Albert Johnson aboard Morvich wins in 2:04.6

1922 – 48th Preakness: L Morris aboard Pillory wins in 1:51.6

1927 – “Black Friday” on Berlin Stock Exchange

1930 – Farmer killed by hail in Lubbock, Texas

1933 – 59th Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Head Play wins in 2:02

1939 – 65th Preakness: George Seabo aboard Challedon wins in 1:59.8

1939 – SS St Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jews fugitives

1940 – Churchill says I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears & sweat

1942 – Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight

1943 – German occupiers confiscate all radios

1944 – 70th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2

1950 – Diner’s Club issues its 1st credit cards

1950 – The first round of the Formula 1 World Championship is held at Silverstone.

1958 – Stan Musial, is 8th to get 3,000 hits

1958 – The trade mark Velcro is registered.

1959 – Kraft Music Hall with Milton Berle, last airs on NBC-TV

1965 – Several Arab nations break ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel

1966 – Federal education funding is denied to 12 school districts in the South because of violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act

1967 – NY Yankee Mickey Mantle hits career HR #500 off Stu Miller

1967 – Octagonal boxing ring is tested to avoid corner injuries

1971 – Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane seriously injured in a car accident

1972 – 115 die in nightclub atop 7-story Sennichi dept store (Osaka Japan)

1978 – Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m steeplechase (8:05.4)

1978 – Joie Chitwood drives a Chevette 5.6 miles on just 2 wheels

1979 – Shah & family sentenced to death in Teheran

1983 – Reggie Jackson is 1st major leaguer to strike out 2,000 times

1985 – Phila Police bomb a house held by group “Move,” kills 11

1987 – Ajax wins 27th Europe Cup II

1989 – Approx 2,000 students begin hunger strike in Tiananmen Square, China

1991 – Apple releases Macintosh System 7.0

1992 – 3 astronauts simultaneous walked in space for the 1st time

1992 – Final episode of “Night Court” airs on NBC-TV

1992 – Frank Stallone beats Geraldo Rivera in boxing on Howard Stern Show

1993 – Arsenio Hall’s 1,000th show retrospective seen in Netherlands

1993 – KC Royal George Brett hits his 300th HR

1995 – New Zealand beats US for the America’s Cup

1995 – Chelsi Smith, 21, of USA, crowned 44th Miss Universe Shanna Lynn Moakler, (19-NY), replaces Chelsi Smith as Miss USA

2000 – In Enschede, the Netherlands, a fireworks factory explodes, killing 22 people, wounding 950, and resulting in approximately €450 million in damage.

2005 – The Andijan Massacre occurs in Uzbekistan.

2006 – 2006 São Paulo violence: a major rebellion occurs in several prisons in Brazil.

2012 – 49 dismembered bodies are found on a Mexican highway as part of the Mexican drug war

 

 

 

Births

1024 – Hugh of Cluny, French saint (d. 1109)

1254 – Maria of Brabant, queen of France (d. 1321)

1314 – Sergius of Radonesh, Russian saint

1588 – Ole Worm, Danish physician (d. 1654)

1592 – John Cloppenburg, vicar/theologist

1638 – Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (d. 1712)

1729 – Henry William (Baron) Stiegel, early American glassmaker

1753 – Lazare Carnot, French general, politician, and mathematician (d. 1823)

1795 – Joshua Ratoon Sands, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883

1842 – Arthur Seymour Sullivan, London England, composer (Gilbert & Sullivan)

1856 – Peter Henry Emerson, 1st to promote photography as an independent art

1867 – Frank Brangwyn, Wales, painter/muralist/cartoonist (Willam Morris)

1883 – Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (d. 1962)

1903 – Alfred Pugsley, civil engineer

1907 – Daphne du Maurier, English writer (Rebecca, Parasites)

1907 – Laurence Kirwan, archaeologist

1908 – Michael Richardson, commandant (Home for Disabled Sailors)

1914 – Joe Louis, world heavyweight boxing champion (1937-49)

1924 – Theodore Mann, American theatre producer and director

1926 – Beatrice Arthur, [Frankel], NY, actress (Maude, Dorothy-Golden Girls)

1927 – Clive Barnes, drama critic (NY Times, NY Post)

1927 – Herbert Ross, director/choreographer (Footloose)

1927 – Archie Scott-Brown, English race car driver (d. 1958)

1928 – Jim Shoulders, Champion rodeo cowboy (d. 2007)

1931 – Jim Jones, reverend, poisoned over 100 in Guyana (Jonestown Massacre)

1937 – Roger [Joseph] Zelazny, sci-fi author (6 Hugos, Chronicles of Amber)

1937 – Trevor Baylis, English inventor of the wind-up radio

1938 – Laurent Beaudoin, French Canadian businessman (Bombardier)

1939 – Anthony Hide, racehorse trainer

1939 – Harvey Keitel, actor (Taxi Driver, Pulp Fiction, Reservoir Dogs)

1941 – Joe Brown, singer/guitarist

1941 – Ritchie Valens, singer (Donna, La Bamba)

1941 – Senta Berger, Vienna Austria, actress (Cast a Giant Shadow)

1942 – Jim Douglas, jazz guitarist

1943 – Mary Wells, Detroit, singer (My Guy)

1944 – Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer/genealogist

1944 – Armistead Maupin, American author

1945 – Magic Dick, [Richard Salwitz], harmonicaist (J Geils Band-Centerfold)

1947 – Pete “Overend” Watts, rock bassist (Mott The Hoople-All Young Dudes)

1947 – Stephen R Donaldson, US, sci-fi author (Lord Foul’s Bane)

1949 – Overend Watts, rock bassist (Mott the Hoople-All the Young Dudes)

1950 – Danny Kirwan, London, rocker (Fleetwood Mac)

1950 – Stevie Wonder, Saginaw, Michigan, American singer-songwriter (You are the Sunshine of My Love)

1951 – Paul Thompson, rock drummer (Roxy Music)

1951 – Selina Scott, TV newscaster (West 57th)

1956 – Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Founder of the Art of Living Foundation

1959 – Robert Earnshaw, racehorse trainer

1961 – Dennis Rodman, Trenton, New Jersey, NBA forward (Chicago Bulls)

1964 – Stephen Colbert, American comedian and actor

1964 – Ronnie Coleman, American bodybuilder

1965 – José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (d. 2006)

1965 – Hikari Ota, Japanese comedian

1966 – Darius Rucker, American singer (Hootie & the Blowfish)

1967 – Melanie Thornton, African American German pop singer, former member of La Bouche. (d. 2001)

1968 – Buckethead, Guitarist

1974 – Tim McMahon, American hardcore singer (Mouthpiece, Hands Tied, Triple Threat)

1977 – Samantha Morton, English actress

1982 – Yoko Kumada, Japanese gravure idol

1986 – Robert Pattinson, London, English actor (Cedric Diggory-Harry Potter, Edward Cullen-Twilight)

 

 

Deaths

384 – Servatius/Aravatius, bishop of Tongeren, dies at 65+

1162 – Géza II of Hungary

1176 – Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1119)

1312 – Theobald II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1263)

1381 – John of Chatillon, governor/viceroy of Holland, dies

1390 – Robert II the Steward, King of Scots (1371-90), dies

1573 – Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (b. 1521)

1619 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, lands advocate, beheaded

1742 – Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1719)

1776 – Anton de Haen, medical Ratio medendi, dies at 71

1832 – Georges Cuvier, French naturalist (b. 1769)

1839 – Israel Ashkenazi of Shklov, found Ashkenazic community (1815), dies

1864 – Junius Daniel, Confederate brig-general, dies at 35

1866 – Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician (b. 1796)

1884 – Cyrus Hall McCormick, inventor, dies

1885 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (b. 1809)

1961 – Gary Cooper, 2 time Acad award winning actor (High Noon), dies at 60

1962 – Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter, dies at 51

1972 – Dan Blocker, American actor (Hoss-Bonanza), dies at 43

1985 – Selma Diamond, comedienne (Selma-Night Court), dies of cancer at 64

1988 – Chet Baker, jazz trumpeter, fell to death out of a hotel window at 59

1991 – Jimmy McPartland, jazz cornetist, dies of cancer at 83

1992 – Floyd Arceneaux, trumpeter, dies at 58

1996 – John “Jack” Baines, mountaineering publisher, dies at 57

1999 – Gene Sarazen, American golfer (b. 1902)

2005 – George Dantzig, American mathematician (b. 1914)

2011 – Bruce Ricker, American jazz and blues documentarian (b. 1942)

2012 – Donald “Duck” Dunn, American bassist, dies at 70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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