Category: Uncurrent Events


Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1370 - Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania

1500 - Battle of Hemmingstedt.

1568 - Holy Roman Emperor agrees to pay tribute to the Sultan for peace

1598 - Boris Godunov chosen tsar of Russia

1600 - Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de’ Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy.

1621 - Miles Standish appointed 1st commander of Plymouth colony

1634 - William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing “Histrio-masti

1691 - Thomas Neale granted British patent for American postal service

1776 - 1st volume of Gibbon’s “Decline & Fall of Roman Empire” published

1791 - Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)

1801 - House breaks electoral college tie, chooses Jefferson pres over Burr

1814 - Battle of Mormans.

1817 - 1st US city lit by gas (Baltimore)

1818 - Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents “draisine” (early bicycle)

 

 

 

1864 - Confederate sub “HL Hunley” sinks Union ship “Housatonic

 

 

 

 

 

1865 - -18] Battle of Charleston SC

 

 

 

1865 - Columbia SC burns down during Civil War

 

 

 

 

 

1867 - 1st ship passes through Suez Canal

1870 - Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War

1876 - Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine)

1878 - 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones

1880 - Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt

1911 - 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)

1913 - 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

1913 - NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

1915 - Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded

1924 - Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard freestyle record (52.4 seconds)

1926 - Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch Bingham Utah, 40 die

1933 - 1st issue of “Newsweek” magazine published

1933 - US Senate accept Blaine Act: ending prohibition

1934 - 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)

1936 - -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)

1936 - The world’s first superhero, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in comics.

1938 - 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)

1940 - British destroyers board German Altmark off Norway

1941 - Joe Louis KOs Gus Dorazio in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1943 - NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, enlists into the US army

1944 - Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22

1944 - US begins night bombing of Truk

1947 - Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR

1949 - Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel

1949 - Richard Button retains world figure skating championship in Paris

1950 - 31 die in a train crash in Rockville Center NY

1953 - Baseball star/pilot Ted Williams uninjured as plane shot down in Korea

1955 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Tenley Albright US

1956 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA

1956 - Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA

1957 - Fire in Warreton Mo, kills 72

1957 - Suez Canal reopens

1957 - A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.

1958 - Comic strip “BC” 1st appears

1959 - 1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg

1962 - Beach Boys introduced a new musical style with their hit “Surfin”

1962 - Storm in Hamburg, kills 265

1962 - Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila Warriors scores 67 points vs St Louis

1964 - US House of Reps accept Law on the civil rights

1964 - US Supreme court rules – 1 man 1 vote (Westberry v Sanders)

1965 - US Ranger 8 launched, will transmit 7,137 lunar pictures

1966 - French satellite Diapason D-1A launch into Earth orbit

1967 - Beatles release “Penny Lane” & “Strawberry Fields”

1967 - Kosmos 140 (Soyuz Test) launches into Earth orbit

1968 - Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Springfield Mass, opens

1969 - Golda Meir sworn in as Israel’s 1st female prime minister

1970 - Joni Mitchell’s final concert (Royal Albert Hall)

1972 - British Parliament votes to join European Common Market

1972 - Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle model exceed those of Ford Model-T.

1974 - 49 die in stampede for seats at soccer match, Cairo, Egypt

1974 - Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House with a stolen helicopter.

1979 - China invades Vietnam

1979 - Eric Heiden equals skating world record 1000m (1:14.99)

1979 - The Sino-Vietnamese War begins.

1980 - Buddy Baker wins Daytona 500 (177.6 MPH/285.8 kph)

1981 - Chrysler Corp reports largest corporate losses in US history

1985 - 1st class postage rises from 20 cents to 22 cents

1985 - 3rd person to receive an artificial heart (Murray Haydon)

1985 - Laffit Pincay Jr is third to ride 6,000th winners at Santa Anita

1986 - Johnson & Johnson announces it no longer sell capsule drugs

1988 - Lebanese terrorists kidnap UN truce observer Lt Col William Higgins

1989 - 6-week study of Arctic atmosphere shows no ozone “hole”

1989 - Orel Hershiser, Dodger pitcher signs record $7.9M-3 year contract

1991 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge

1993 - Haitian ferry boat capsize in storm, 800-2,000 die

1993 - Mark Foster swims world record 50m free style (21.60 sec)

1995 - Colin Fergusson found guilty of killing 6 people on the LIRR in NY

1997 - Carl Sagan Public Memorial at Pasadena Calif

 

 

 

1998 - Diane Zamora, 20, Naval Academy cadet convicted of capital murder

 

 

 

 

 

1998 - Larry Wayne Harris & Bill Levitt arrested for possession of anthrax

2006 - A massive mudslide occurs in Southern Leyte, Philippines; the official death toll is set at 1,126.

2012 - The President of Germany, Christian Wulff, resigns over a corruption scandal

2012 - Approximately 70 ancient Olympic artifacts are stolen from the Archaeological Museum of Greece

 

 

Births

1444 - Rudolf Agricola, [Roelof Huysman], Dutch humanist/organist

1490 - Charles de Bourbon, officer/governor (Lombardy)

1519 - Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician (d. 1563)

1646 - Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (d. 1714)

1699 - Hans Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, German architect (Sanssouci)

1718 - Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (d. 1790)

1723 - Tobias Mayer, “method of lunars” for longitude determination

1740 - Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist

1754 - Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (d. 1803)

1758 - John Pinkerton, Scottish historian

1774 - Raphaelle Peale, US, painter (After the Rain-1823)

1781 - René-Theophile-Hyacinthe Lannec, France, inventor (stethoscope)

1796 - Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)

1804 - Samuel Read Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883

1816 - Haller Nutt, Southern Plantation owner (d. 1864)

 

 

 

1824 - William Farrar “Baldy” Smith, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1903

 

 

 

 

 

1837 - Francis Jay Herron, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902

1844 - A Montgomery Ward, found mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)

1854 - Friedrich A Krupp, German arms manufacturer

1855 - Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WW I)

1864 - Andrew Barton “Banjo” Paterson, NSW Australia, poet (Waltzing Matilda)

1864 - Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)

1867 - William Cadbury, England, chocolate manufacturer (Cadbury)

1874 - Thomas J Watson, US, representative/founder (IBM)

1877 - Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer (d. 1904)

1877 - André Maginot, French politician (d. 1932)

1882 - Noah Beery, Smithville AR, actor (Story of Esther, Mark of Zorro)

1888 - Otto Stern, German/US physicist (Stern-Gerlach-experiment, Nobel 1943)

1889 - H[aroldson] L Hunt, Texas oil multi-millionaire

1904 - Hans Morgenthau, German political philosopher (d. 1980)

1910 - Ai Qing, poet

1911 - Arthur Hunnicutt, Gravelly AR, actor (Big Sky, Apache Uprising)

1914 - Arthur Kennedy, Worcester Mass, actor (Fantastic Voyage, Peyton Place)

1914 - [Bert de] Wayne Morris, LA California, WW II-pilot/actor (Paths of Glory)

1916 - Raf Vallone, Tropea Italy, actor (El Cid, 2 Women, Greek Tycoon)

1917 - Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (d. 1965)

1919 - Jock Mahoney, Chicago, actor (Dallas, Yancy Derringer, Day of Fury)

1919 - Kathleen Freeman, Chicago Ill, actress (Beverly Hillbillies)

1922 - Tommy Edwards, rock vocalist (It’s All in the Game)

1922 - Marshall Teague, American race car driver (d. 1959)

1923 - Alden Winship Clausen, Hamilton Ill, banker (Pres of World Bank)

1924 - Margaret Truman, Mo, pres daughter/writer (Murder at FBI)/pianist

1924 - Gevork Vartanian, Iran, Soviet intelligence agent (Operation Long Jump), (d. 2012)

1925 - Hal Holbrook, Cleveland, actor (All the President’s Men, Mark Twain)

1929 - Chaim Potok, NYC, novelist (Promise)

1930 - Ruth Rendell, English writer

1932 - Buck Trent, Spartanburg SC, banjoist/singer (Hee Haw)

1934 - Alan Bates, Allestree Engld, actor (Zorba the Greek, Unmarried Woman)

1934 - Barry Humphries, Australia TV host (Dame Edna Everage)

1936 - Jim Brown, Ga, NFL full back (Cleveland Browns)/actor (Dirty Dozen)

1939 - Mary Ann Mobley, Biloxi Ms, Miss America-1959/actr (Diff’rent Strokes)

1941 - Gene Pitney, Hartford Ct, vocalist/songwriter (Town Without Pity)

1941 - Heidi Biebi, German Fed Rep, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1960)

1942 - Huey Newton, Black Panther leader

1945 - Brenda Fricker, Dublin Ireland, actress (My Left Foot)

1946 - Valdemar Bandolowski, Denmark, yachting (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1947 - Dodie Stevens, actress (Mary Hartman!)

1950 - Rick Medlocke, rock guitarist/vocalist (Blackfoot)

1952 - Guillermo Vilas, tennis player (1977 US Open)

1953 - Janice Dickinson, Bkln NY, model (Vogue)

1954 - Rene Russo, actress (Ransom)

1958 - Karen Lende O’Connor, Concord Ma, equestrian 3-day (Oly-silver-96)

1959 - Ambrose “Rowdy” Gaines, US, 100m swimmer (Olympic-gold-1984)

1959 - Richard Karn, Seattle WA, actor (Al-Home Improvement)

1961 - Deb[ra] Richardson, Minneapolis MN, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1962 - Lou Diamond Phillips, Philippines, actor (La Bamba, Stand & Deliver)

1963 - Michael Jordan, NBA guard/forward (Chicago Bulls) and sports superstar

1963 - Larry the Cable Guy, American comedian

1965 - Michael Bay, American film director

1966 - Melissa Brooke-Belland, rocker (Voice of the Beehive-Let it Bee)

1968 - Celita Schutz, Riverdale NJ, half-middleweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1968 - Patrick Uterwijk, pop guitarist (Pestilence, Consuming Impulse)

 

 

 

1970 - Tommy MoeAnchorage Alaskanordic skiier (Olympic-gold/silver-1994)

 

 

 

 

 

1971 - Denise Richards, American actress

1972 - Billie Joe Armstrong, singer/musician (Green Day)

1972 - Stephen Robinson, Arlington Va, rower (Olympics-1996)

1972 - Tony Lawson, NSA Australia, diver (Olympics-96)

1974 - Valeria Mazza, Rosario Argentina, model (Cosmo-July 1995)

1974 - Kaoru, Japanese musician

1974 - Bryan White, American singer

1975 - Sung-Hee Park, Pusan Korea, tennis star (1993 Futures-Seoul)

1975 - Harisu, South Korean singer, model and actress

1976 - Kelly Carlson, American actress

1978 - Jacob Wetterling, American kidnapping victim

1980 - Shanyn MacEachern, Brampton Ontario, gymnist (Olympics-96)

1980 - Jason Ritter, American actor

1981 - Donielle Thompson, Wheatridge CO, gymnast (World-bronze-95, Oly-96)

1981 - Lisa Skinner, Queensland Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1981 - Paris Hilton, American actress and heiress

1982 - Joseph Gordon-Levitt, actor (Tommy Solomon-Third Rock From the Sun)

1984 - Kenta Kamakari, Japanese actor and seiyuu

1986 - Sandra Nilsson, Swedish model

1988 - Natascha Kampusch, Austrian kidnapping victim

 

 

Deaths

364 - Jovian (Flavius Jovianus), Christian emperor of Rome (363-64), dies at about 32

440 - St. Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian theologian and linguist

956 - Hugo the Great, earl of Paris/duke of Francia, dies at about 55

1339 - Otto, Duke of Austria (b. 1301)

1371 - Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria

1596 - Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)

1600 - Giordano Bruno, advocate of Copernican theory, burned at stake

1612 - Jodocus Hondius, Flemish cartoonist/mathematician, dies at 48

1624 - Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)

1673 - Molière, [Jean Baptiste Poquelin], French playwright (The Misanthrope), dies. (b. 1622)

1688 - Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian

1780 - Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (b. 1706)

1856 - Heinrich Heine, German poet, dies at 58 in Paris

1874 - [Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet, Belgium astronomer/sociologist, dies at 77

1883 - Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian revolutionary (b. 1845)

1890 - Christopher Sholes, American inventor (b. 1819)

1905 - Serge Alexandrovich, gov-gen Moscow, murdered

 

 

 

1909 - Geronimo [one who yawns], Apache chiefdies at 79

 

 

 

 

 

 

1912 - Lawrence Oates, British explorer (Antarctica), dies

1934 - Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (b. 1862)

1959 - Tim Mara, co-founder of NFL’s NY Giants, dies

1980 - Jerry Fielding, composer (Bewitched, Hogan’s Heroes), dies at 57

1982 - Lee Strasberg, acting coach/actor (And Justice for All), dies at 81

 

 

 

1982 - Thelonious MonkAmerican jazz pianist and composerdies at 64

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1986 - Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Kingdom Happiness), dies at 90

1990 - Keith Haring, US graffiti-artist, dies at 31

1993 - Alfredo de Leon, leader (Philippines Red Scorpio Gang), killed

1995 - Uta Graf, singer/teacher, dies at 80

1997 - Zein Isa, Palestinian militant imprisoned in the United States for the honor killing of his daughter

2006 - Ray Barretto, Puerto Rican musician (b. 1929)

2006 - Bill Cowsill, American singer (The Cowsills) (b. 1948)

2007 - Mike Awesome, American professional wrestler (b. 1965)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Today In The Past

 

 

Events

374 - 9th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

600 - Pope Gregory the Great decreea saying “God bless You” is the correct response to a sneeze

1249 - Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols.

1486 - Diet of Frankfort

1512 - Battle at Valeggio: French troops beat Venetianen

1559 - Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy

 

 

 

1646 - Battle of Great Torrington, Devon - the last major battle of the first English Civil War.

 

 

 

 

 

1659 - 1st known check (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey)

1677 - Earl of Shaftesbury arrested/confined in London Tower

1741 - Benjamin Franklin’s General Magazine (2nd US Mag) begins publishing

1760 - Native American hostages killed in Ft Prince George SC

1771 - Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy

1777 - Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)

 

 

 

1804 - Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor & burns Navy frigate “Philadelphia” after pirates seized it

 

 

 

 

 

1824 - Athenaeum founded

1840 - American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica

1846 - Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India

1852 - Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.

 

 

 

1862 - Ft Donelson captured by Gen Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)

 

 

 

 

 

1864 - Battle of Mobile, AL – operations by Union Army

1868 - Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)

1878 - Silver dollar became US legal tender

1880 - American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)

1883 - “Ladies Home Journal” begins publishing

1903 - -59°F (-51°C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)

1909 - 1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC)

1913 - President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

1914 - 1st airplane flight (LA to SF)

1917 - 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid

1923 - Howard Carter finds Pharaoh Tutankhamen

1923 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard

1923 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger

1932 - 1st patent issued for a tree, to James Markham for a peach tree

1934 - Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.

1937 - DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers

1938 - US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized

1940 - British search plane finds German Altmark off Norway

1943 - -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)

1943 - Red army conquers Kharkov

1943 - World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.

 

 

 

1945 - US forces land on Corregidorcomplete conquest on March 3

 

 

 

 

 

1946 - 1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport Ct

1948 - Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time

1950 - Longest-running prime-time game show, “What’s My Line” begins on CBS

1951 - NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing

1951 - SF City Hall dome fire

1952 - Hall of Famer Honus Wagner, 77, retires; Pirates retire his #33

1956 - Britain abolishes death penalty

1959 - Fidel Castro named himself Cuba’s premier after overthrowing Batista

1960 - US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip

1961 - 1st all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island, Va

1961 - China uses it’s 1st nuclear reactor

1961 - US satellite Explorer 9 is launched

1963 - 1st round-trip swim of Strait of Messina, Italy (Mary Revell of US)

1963 - Beatles top British rock charts with “Please, Please Me”

1965 - Pegasus 1 launched to detect micro-meteors

1968 - Country’s 1st 911 phone system went into service in Haleyville, Ala

1968 - Elvis Presley receives gold record for “How Great Thou Art”

1970 - Joe Frazier TKOs Jimmy Ellis in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1972 - 1st NBA to score 30,000 points (Wilt Chamberlain in 940 games

1972 - German mass murderers “Three of Breda” freed

1972 - Wilt Chamberlain hit 30,000 point mark during a game with Phoenix Suns

1978 - 1st Computer Bulletin Board System (Ward & Randy’s CBBS, Chicago)

 

 

 

1980 - Continuous traffic jam extends 176 km north of Lyons, France

 

 

 

 

 

1980 - Eric Heiden skates 5k in 7:02.29 (Olympic Record)

1983 - The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia claim the lives of 75 people in Australia’s worst ever fires.

1984 - Bill Johnson becomes 1st American to win Olympic downhill skiing gold

1985 - Livingston Bramble defeats Ray “Boom Boom” Mancini to win WBA champ

1985 - NJ Devils score their fastest hat trick in 42 seconds

1985 - The founding of Hezbollah.

1986 - French air force bombs Ouadi Doum airport in Chad

1987 - John Demjanjuk, accused of being “Ivan the Terrible” trial begins

1988 - 1st documented combat action by US military advisors in El Salvador

1989 - Orel Hershiser, Dodger pitcher signs $7.9M-3 year contract

1989 - Roger Clemens, Red Sox pitcher signs $7.5M-3 year contract

1991 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Tonya Harding

1992 - Former silver Goodyear blimps are now painted yellow & blue

1992 - LA Lakers retire Magic Johnson’s #32 uniform

1994 - 6.5 earthquake strikes SE Sumatra, kills 200

1997 - At age 25, Jeff Gordon is youngest winner in Daytona 500 history

1999 - O.J. Simpson’s 1968 Heisman Trophy is sold for $230,000 to help settle a $33.5 million civil judgement against Simpson for the deaths of his ex-wife and her friend

1999 - Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrested one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan.

2005 - The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.

2006 - The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.

Births

1032 - Emperor Yingzong of China (d. 1067)

1075 - Ordericus Vitalis, French monk/historian/poet

1222 - Nichiren, Japan, Buddhist priest/saint

1497 - Philipp Melanchthon, Germ, Protestant reformer (Augsburgse Confessie)

1519 - Gaspard de Coligny, Huguenot leader/French admiral

1543 - Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)

1698 - Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (heliometer)

1727 - Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)

1761 - Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)

1807 - Lysander Cutler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866

1813 - Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1892

1821 - Heinrich Barth, Hamburg Germany, geographer/explorer (Central Africa)

1822 - James Patton Anderson, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1872

1823 - John Daniel Imboden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

1824 - Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)

 

 

 

1838 - Henry AdamsBoston Masshistorianwriter (Education of Henry Adams)

 

 

 

 

 

1848 - Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (How species emerge)

1856 - Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)

1858 - Laurence “Lon” Myers, US, track star (top US miler)

1866 - Johann Strauss, Austria, composer (Waltz King)

1876 - George Macauley Trevelyan, England, historian (Giuseppi Garibaldi)

1884 - Robert Flaherty, Mich, father of documentary film (Nanook of North)

1891 - Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)

1903 - Edgar Bergen, Chicago, ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy)

1904 - George F Kennan, Milwaukee Wisc, US ambassador (to Moscow)

1909 - Hugh Beaumont, Lawrence Ks, actor (Ward Cleaver-Leave it to Beaver)

1909 - Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)

1920 - Patty Andrews, Minneapolis MN, vocalist (Andrews Sisters)

 

 

 

1920 - Anna Mae HaysAmerican army general

 

 

 

 

 

1921 - Jean Behra, auto racer

1921 - Vera-Ellen [Westmeier Rohe], Norwood, Ohio, American actress/dancer (Wonder Man)

1925 - Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitar master (d. 2004)

1926 - Jack Levy, mechanical engineer

1926 - John Schlesinger, film director, (Midnight Cowboy)

1935 - Brian Bedford, England, actor (Anthony-Coronet Blue)

1935 - Sonny Bono, Detroit, vocalist (Sonny & Cher)/(Rep-R-Ca, 1995-98)

1936 - Jill Kinmont, American skier

1937 - Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, cosmonaut

1938 - Barry Primus, NYC, actor (Sgt McKenna-Cagney & Lacey, Boxcar Bertha)

1941 - Vitali Kuznetsov, USSR, judo (Olympic-silver-1972)

1942 - Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011) [disputed birthdate, 1941]

1946 - Aleksandr Shaparenko, USSR, 1K kayak (Olympic-gold-1972)

1950 - William Katt, LA California, actor (Greatest American Hero, 1st Love)

1953 - Roberta Williams, computer game designer

 

 

 

1954 - Iain BanksUKsci-fi author (Wasp Factory)

 

 

 

 

 

1954 - Margaux Hemingway, Portland Or, actress (Lipstick, They Call Me Bruce)

1955 - Jeff Clayton, US jazz saxophonist/composer (Groove Shop)

1956 - James Ingram, vocalist (On the Wings of Love)

1957 - LeVar Burton, Landstuhl Germany, (Roots, Star Trek Next Generation)

1958 - Ice-T [Tracy Marrow], Newark, New Jersey, American rapper and actor (New Jack City, Tank Girl, Crazy Six)

 

 

 

1958 - Lisa Loringactress (As the World TurnsWednesday-Addams Family)

 

 

 

 

 

1959 - John McEnroe, American tennis great (US Open 1979-81, 84 Wimb 1981, 83, 84)

1961 - Andy Taylor, Engld, rock guitarist (Duran Duran-Hungry Like the Wolf)

1962 - Tony Kiley, rocker (Blow Monkeys-Wicked Ways)

1965 - Dave Lombardo, Cuban drummer (Slayer)

1966 - Eric Uptagrafft, Spokane Wash, prone rifle (Olympics-1996)

1969 - Claude Lambert, Montreal Quebec, boxer (Olympics-96)

1969 - Fermin Cacho, Barcelona Spain, 1500m (Olympics-2 gold-92, 96)

1970 - Saskia Linssen, Venlo Holland, playmate (Jun, 1991)

1970 - D.J. Wallis, American fitness competitor

1973 - Cathy Freeman, Mackay Aust, 100m/200m/400m (Olympics-silver-92, 96)

1974 - Kimberly Dawn Whipany, Oklahoma, rocker (PC Quest-Can You See)

 

 

 

1975 - Vanina IckxBelgian racing driver

 

 

 

 

 

1977 - Trina Jackson, 4X200m freestyle swimmer (Olympics-gold-96)

1978 - Caroline Hunt, Chic Ill, rhythmic gymnast (US team-96)

1979 - Valentino Rossi, Italian motorcycle racer

1981 - Jay Howard, British racing driver

Deaths

309 - Pamphilus van Caesarea, Palestinian scholar/martyr, beheaded

923 - Abu Dja’far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari, islamic historian, dies at 83

1247 - Heinrich Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia (b. 1204)

1279 - Afonso III, King of Portugal (1248-79), dies

1391 - Johannes V Palaeologus, Emperor of Byzantium (1341-91), dies

1531 - Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1452)

1653 - Johannes Schultz, composer, dies at 70

1754 - Richard Mead, physician, dies

1779 - William Boyce, English organist/composer (Cathedral Music), dies

1791 - Richard earl d’Alton, Austria general of S Neth, commits suicide at 58

1820 - Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero (b. 1758).

 

 

 

1834 - Lionel Lukinlife boat pioneerdies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1844 - Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1792)

1857 - Elisha Kent Kane, Arctic explorer (Kane Basin), dies at 37

1892 - Henry Walter Bates, naturalist/explorer (South America), dies

1900 - George Labram, US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle

1912 - Edgar Evans, British explorer (Antarctica), dies

1919 - Vera Kholodnaya, Russian film star (b. 1893)

1928 - Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (b. 1856)

1966 - Hendrik W Tilanus, artillery officer/leader (CHU 1939-63), dies at 81

1967 - Smiley Burnette, cowboy (Charlie-Petticoat Junction), dies at 55

 

 

 

1974 - John C GarandCanadian rifle engineer and manufacturer (b. 1888)

 

Commence Firing – John Garand

A Brief History Of The Development Of The M1 Garand

 

 

 

 

1978 - E. Roland Harriman, American financier (b. 1895)

1979 - Nematullah Nassiri, Iran general/head of Savak, executed

1980 - Erich Hückel, German physicist (b. 1895)

1991 - Enrique B Varela, commandant Nicaragua contra’s, dies

1992 - Abbas Musawi, leader of Hezbollah, assassinated

1995 - John Everett Allen, US businessman, dies at 91

1996 - Edmund G “Pat” Brown, politician, dies at 90

1996 - Roger Bowen, actor (M*A*S*H, Main Event, What about Bob), dies at 62

 

 

 

1996 - Walter Brown “Brownie” McGheeAmerican blues singer/guitaristdies at 80

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1997 - Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American physicist (b. 1912)

2000 - Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-born engineer and inventor (b. 1911)

2000 - Lila Kedrova, Russian-born actress (b. 1918)

2001 - Howard W. Koch, American film director (b. 1916)

2001 - William Masters, American gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1915)

2006 - Johnny Grunge, American professional wrestler (b. 1966)

2012 - Anthony Shadid, New York Times foreign correspondent and two time Pulitzer winner, dies from asthma at 43

2012 - Gary Carter, American Hall of Fame baseball catcher dies from brain tumor at 57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

399 - Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death

590 - Khosrau II is crowned as king of Persia

732 - Ho-tse Shen-hui, Zen teacher disputes founder of Northern Ch’an line

1145 - Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III

1539 - Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo

1689 - German Parliament declares war on France

1768 - 1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia

1804 - New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery

1842 - 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC

1851 - Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave

1862 - Grant’s major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee

1869 - Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped

1876 - Historic Elm at Boston blown down

1882 - 1st cargo of frozen meat leaves NZ for Britain, on SS Dunedin

1895 - 23 cm (9″) of snow falls on New Orleans

1898 - USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown-258 sailors die

1903 - 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom

1905 - 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark)

1910 - The Boy Scouts of America is founded.

1912 - Fram reaches latitude 78° 41′ S, farthest south ever by ship

1918 - 1st WW I US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany, off Ireland

1919 - American Legion organizes in Paris

1922 - Marconi begins regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex

1931 - 1st Dracula movie released

1932 - 3rd Winter Olympic games close at Lake Placid, NY

1932 - George Burns & Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on “Guy Lombardo Show”

1932 - US bobsled team member Eddie Eagan becomes only athlete to win gold in both Summer & Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold)

1933 - Pres-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt

1936 - -60°F (-51°C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)

1936 - Hitler announce building of Volkswagens (starting slug-bug game)

1936 - Sonja Henie, Norway, wins 3rd consecutive Olympic figure skating gold

 

 

 

1939 - German battleship Bismarck was launched

 

 

 

 

 

 

1941 - Duke Ellington 1st records “Take the A Train”

1942 - German U-boat shells at Antillian oil refinery

1942 - Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra

1942 - Singapore surrenders to Japanese

1944 - 891 British bombers attack Berlin

1944 - Bombing & shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins

1946 - Bank of England nationalized

1950 - Walt Disney’s “Cinderella” released

1954 - 1st bevatron in operation-Berkeley, California

1955 - 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced

1957 - Andrei A Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet foreign minister

1958 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Carol Heiss of USA

1961 - Entire US figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash

1963 - 1st US female world figure skating champ (Tenley Albright)

1964 - Beatles’ “Meet the Beatles!,” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 11 weeks

1964 - Bill Bradley scores 51 points for Princeton

1965 - Canada replaces Union Jack flag with Maple Leaf

1967 - 1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted

1967 - Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23)

1971 - After 1,200 years Britain abandons 12-shilling system for decimal

1972 - Sound recordings are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.

1976 - 12th Winter Olympic games close at Innsbruck, Austria

1978 - Escaped mass murderer Ted Bundy recaptured, Pensacola, Fla

1978 - Leon Spinks beats Muhammad Ali in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1980 - Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 500m in 38.03 sec

1981 - Rocket-powered ice sled attains 399 kph, Lake George, NY

 

 

 

1982 - Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform lost off Newfoundland84 die

 

 

 

 

 

1984 - 500,000 Iranian soldiers move into Iraq

1985 - World chess championship match abandoned-Karpov 25, Kasparov 23

1986 - Ferdinand Marcos wins rigged Philippines presidential election

1987 - ABC-TV begins broadcasting “Amerika” mini-series

1989 - Israel attacks border strip Taba near Egypt

1989 - Soviet military occupation of Afghanistan ends

1991 - Freighter with dynamite explodes in Phang Nga Thailand, 120 die

1992 - Jeffrey Dahmer found sane & guilty of killing 15 boys

1993 - Bomb strike on mafia drug lords in Bogota , Colombia; kills 14

1993 - Katie Elizabeth Hillyard was born, famous English young composer of the year 2007.England

1995 - Dow-Jones closes at record 3986.17

1995 - Population of People’s Republic of China hits 1.2 billion

1996 - Mortar attack on the US Embassy in Athens, Greece.

1997 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Tara Lipinski

1997 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldridge

2001 - First draft of the complete Human Genome is published in Nature

2002 - At the Tri-State Crematory in La Fayette, Georgia, investigators find uncremated bodies disposed of in the woods and buildings on the crematorium’s property. The discovery reveals one of the worst incidents of abuse in the funeral service industry.

2003 - An estimated eleven million people around the world take to the streets to protest against the looming war with Iraq

2005 - YouTube, the popular Internet site on which videos may be shared and viewed by others, is launched in the United States.

2012 - United Kingdom unemployment rate reaches 17 year high of 8.4%

2012 - Fire at Comayagua prison, Honduras, kills 358

 

 

 

Births

1368 - Sigismund, Nornberg Germany, Holy Roman emperor (1410-37)

1458 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. 1490)

1471 - Piero di Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1503)

1483 - Babur, founder of Mughal dynasty in India (1526-30

1519 - Pedro Menendez de Aviles, explorer (found St Augustine Florida)

1524 - Charles de Guise, archbishop/cardinal of Reims

1564 - Galileo Galilei, Pisa Italy, astronomer/physicist

1620 - Francois Charpentier, French scholar/archaeologist

1666 - Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)

1705 - Charles A Vanloo, French painter

 

 

 

1726 - Abraham Clarkfarmer/lawyersigned Declaration of Independence

 

 

 

 

 

1739 - Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect (d. 1813)

 

 

 

1748 - Jeremy BenthamLondon England philosopher/originator (Utilitarian)

 

 

 

 

 

1795 - Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general (10 day campaign)

1797 - Henry Engelhard Steinway, piano maker (Steinway)

1800 - Frederik W Conrad, Dutch hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer

1803 - John Augustus Sutter, Swiss/US colonist (New Helvetia Ca, Sutter Mill)

 

 

 

1809 - Cyrus Hall McCormickinventor (Mechanical reaper)

 

 

 

 

 

1809 - André Dumont, Belgian geologist (d. 1857)

1812 - Charles Lewis Tiffany, Killingly Ct, jeweler (Tiffany)

1820 - Susan Brownell Anthony, Adams Mass, woman’s suffragette

1823 - Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli Canton

1826 - George J Stoney, Irish physicist

1834 - William Preece, English electrical engineer/wireless pioneer

1835 - Alexander Stuart Webb, Major General (Union Army), died in 1911

1845 - Elihu Root, (R)/US Sec of State (1905-09)/Nobel Peace Prize (1912)

1858 - William Pickering, Boston, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn)

1861 - Alfred North Whitehead, Engl mathematician/philosopher (Adv of Ideas)

1874 - Ernest H Shackleton, Kilkee Ireland, explorer (Endurance, Antarctica)

1877 - Louis Renault, French automobile executive (d. 1944)

1882 - John Barrymore, [Blythe], Phila, actor (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde)

1883 - Sax Rohmer (real name Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward), English author of Dr Fu Manchu novels (d. 1959)

1892 - James Forrestal, US, banker/minister of Navy

1899 - Lillian Disney, Mrs Walt Disney

1901 - Andre Parrot, French archaeologist/theologist (Assur)

1905 - Harold Arlen, [Hyman Arluck], US, composer (Over the Rainbow)

1906 - Stephen Brown, CEO (Stone-Platt Industries)

1907 - Cesar Romero, NYC, actor (Joker-Batman, Ocean’s 11, Thin Man)

1913 - Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)

1913 - Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (d. 1997)

1914 - Arthur Sydney Martin, spy catcher

1916 - Ian Ballantine, publisher (Ballantine Books)

1918 - Alan Arbus, NYC, actor (Dr Sidney Freedman-M*A*S*H)

1923 - Yelena Bonner, Moscow, soviet disident/wife of Andre Sakharov

1927 - Harvey Korman, Chicago, actor (Carol Burnett Show, Blazing Saddles)

 

 

 

1929 - Graham HillLondonauto racer (196268 international racing champ)

 

 

 

 

 

1929 - James Schlesinger, US Secretary of Defense (1973-75)

1931 - [Patricia] Claire Bloom, London, actress (Charly, Look Back in Anger)

1932 - Adrian Swire, British aircraft magnate (Cathay Pacific)

1933 - Adolfo, Cardones Cuba, fashion designer (Nancy Reagan)

1934 - Niklaus Wirth, Switzerland, computer programmer/inventor (PASCAL)

1935 - Roger B Chaffee, Grand Rapids Michigan, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut

1935 - Susan Brownmiller, Brooklyn, feminist author (Against Our Wills)

1939 - Jo Clayton, US, sci-fi author (Irsud, Maeve, Star Hunters)

1939 - Tony Bloom, deputy CEO (Sketchley)

1939 - Robert Hansen, American serial killer

1941 - Brian Holland, US pianist/producer (Holland/Dozier/Holland)

1944 - Aleksandr A Serebrov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17)

1944 - Mick Avory, rock drummer (Kinks-Lola)

1945 - John Helliwell, British musician (Supertramp)

1945 - Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer

1947 - Marisa Berenson, NYC, actress (Barry Lyndon, Death in Vienna, SOB)

1947 - Rusty Hamer, Tenafly NJ, actor (Rusty-Make Room for Daddy)

1948 - Ron “Penguin” Cey, Tacoma Wash, 3rd baseman (LA Dodgers)

1948 - Art Spiegelman, American cartoonist

1949 - Ken Anderson, NFL quarterback (Cincinnati Bengals)

1950 - Donna Hanover Giuliani, TV news anchor (WPIX)/wife of Mayor Giuliani

1950 - Nikolai Sergeivich Grekov, Russia, cosmonaut

 

 

 

1951 - Jane Seymour, [Joyce Frankenberg], Englandactress (Dr Quinn)

 

 

 

 

 

1951 - Melissa Manchester, Bronx NY, vocalist (Don’t Cry Out Loud)

1954 - Matt Groening, cartoonist (Life in Hell, Simpsons)

1955 - Bev Francis, Australia, world women’s power-lifting champion

1955 - Janice Dickinson, American Ex-Supermodel

1956 - Hilda Beatriz “Hildita” Guevara, Cuba, daughter of “Che” Guevara

1956 - Hitoshi Ogawa, Japanese racing driver (d. 1992)

1957 - Jimmy Spencer, American race car driver

1959 - Ali Campbell, British reggae vocalist/guitarist (UB40-Red Red Wine)

1960 - Mikey Craig, rock bassist (Culture Club-Do You Really Want to Hurt Me)

1964 - Chris Farley, actor (SNL, Wayne’s World, Coneheads)

1970 - Gloria Trevi, Mexico, spanish vocalist (A Gatas)

1970 - Nathaniel Mills, Evanston Ill, speed skater (Olympics-1994)

1971 - Jim Butler, Iowa City Iowa, table tennis player (Olympics-92, 96)

1971 - Ray Sefo, New Zealand kick boxer

1973 - Amy Van Dyken, 50m/100m freestyle/100m butterfly swimmer (Oly-2 g-96)

 

 

 

1974 - Seattle SlewAmerican racehorse (d. 2002)

 

 

 

 

 

1974 - Alexander Wurz, Austrian race car driver

1975 - Brendon Small, American comedian and animator

1976 - Brandon Boyd, American musician (Incubus)

1976 - Ronnie Vannucci Jr., American musician (The Killers)

1977 - Brooks Wackerman, American musician (Bad Religion)

1978 - Kimberly Goss, American singer and musician (Sinergy)

1978 - Tuan Le, American poker player

1979 - Gordon Shedden, Scottish Race Car Driver

1980 - Conor Oberst, American singer and songwriter (Bright Eyes)

1981 - Matt Hoopes, American musician (Relient K)

1981 - Jenna Morasca, American model

 

 

Deaths

1043 - Gisela, wife of RC-German emperor Conrad II the Salier, dies at 52

1145 - Lucius II, [Gherardo Caccianemici], Italian Pope (1144-45), dies

1152 - Konrad III, Roman-German King (1138-1152), dies at about 58

1600 - Jose the Acosta, Spanish missionary (Peru), dies at 59(?)

1637 - Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia/Hun/German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58

1660 - Klaas Geritsz Compaen, Dutch buccaneer/merchant, dies at 72

1680 - Jan Swammerdam, Dutch anatomist/entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 43

1744 - John Hadley, inventor (sextant), dies

 

 

 

1820 - William ElleryUS attorney (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 92

 

 

 

 

 

1831 - Henry Maudslay, inventor (metal lathe), dies

1841 - Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch dr/chemist (electrical car), dies at 53

1847 - Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1794)

1848 - Hermann von Boyen, Prussian field marshal (b. 1771)

1849 - Pierre F Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44

1864 - Israel Zangwill, writer/Zionist/philanthropist, dies

1905 - Lewis Wallace, US diplomat/writer (Ben Hur), dies at 77

1928 - Hubert H Asquith, premier Great-Britain (1908-16), dies at 75

1933 - Anton J Cermak, (Mayor-D-Chicago), assassinated in Miami

1959 - Owen W Richardson, English physicist (Nobel 1928), dies at 69

1961 - Marubel Vinaon Owen, figure skater (Olympic-silver-1932), dies

 

 

 

1965 - Nat King Colesinger (UnforgettableMona Lisa), dies at 49

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1968 - Little WalterBluesman,harp player dies at 37

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1973 - Wally Cox, actor (Mr Peepers, Hollywood Squares), dies at 48

1975 - Julian Huxley, biologist, dies

1979 - Mehdi Rahimi, Iran general/milt governor of Teheran, executed

 

 

 

1981 - Mike Bloomfieldrocker (Electric Flag), dies of drug overdose at 36

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1984 - Ethel Merman, singer/actress (Kid Million), dies in her sleep at 76

1984 - Leamon Hunt, US director-General in Sinai, killed by communists

1988 - Gardiner Means, US economist, dies at 91

1988 - Gerard Holt, architect, dies at 83

1988 - Neil R[onald] Jones, sf writer (Space War, Twin Worlds), dies at 78

1988 - Richard P Feynman, physicist (Nobel 1965, Physical Law), dies at 69

1993 - George Wallington, [Giacinto Figlia], Italian bebop-pianist/, dies

1995 - Francis Taylor, builder, dies at 90

1995 - Nabila Diahnine, Algerian architect/feminist, murdered at 33

1996 - McLean Stevenson, actor (M*A*S*H, Hello Larry), dies at 66

1996 - Tommy Rettig, actor (Lassie)/computer programmer (Clipper), dies at 54

 

 

 

1998 - Martha Gelhornfemale war correspondent (Reuters), dies at 89

 

 

 

 

 

1999 - Big L, American rapper (b. 1974)

1999 - Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1926)

2002 - Howard K. Smith, American journalist (b. 1914)

2002 - Kevin Smith, New Zealand actor (b. 1963)

2008 - Amnon Netzer, Iranian-Israeli historian (b. 1934)

2008 - Ashley Callie, South African actress (b. 1976)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

842 - Charles II & Louis the German sign treaty

1009 - First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg.

1014 - Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II, Roman German emperor

1076 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV

1130 - Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II

1540 - Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels

1630 - Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco Brazil

1689 - English parliament places Mary Stuart/Prince Willem III on the throne

1778 - “Stars & Stripes” arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)

1803 - Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.

1804 - Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.

1831 - Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.

1849 - In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken ( by Matthew Brady).

1855 - Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.

1859 - Oregon admitted as 33rd state

 

 

 

1862 - USS Galena1st US iron-clad warship for service at sealaunched, Conn

 

 

 

 

 

1876 - A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor

1889 - 1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east

1894 - Venus is both a morning star & evening star

1899 - US Congress begins using voting machines

1903 - US Dept of Commerce & Labor forms

1907 - 1st US fox hound association forms in NYC

1912 - 1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct

1912 - Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state

1919 - United Parcel Service forms

1919 - The Polish-Soviet War begins.

1920 - League of Women Voters forms in Chicago

1924 - IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson

 

 

 

1929 - St Valentine’s Day Massacre in Chicago7 gangsters killed

 

 

 

 

 

1939 - Victor Fleming replaces George Cukor as director of Gone With the Wind

1940 - British merchant vessel fleet is armed

1941 - 1,000,000th vehicle traverses the NY Midtown Tunnel

1941 - German Africa Corps lands in Tripoli, Libya

1942 - Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.

1943 - World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.

1944 - Carl Wick publishes “Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing

 

 

 

1945 - 8th Air Force bombs (Firebombing OfDresden

 

 

 

 

 

1946 - Bank of England nationalized

1949 - 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel)

1951 - Sugar Ray Robinson defeats Jake LaMotta & takes middleweight title

1959 - $3.6 million heroin seizure in NYC

1961 - Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley Calif

1962 - 1st lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV

1963 - US launches communications satellite Syncom 1

1966 - Wilt Chamberlain breaks NBA career scoring record at 20,884 points

1967 - Aretha Franklin records “Respect”

1971 - Movie “Ben Hur” 1st shown on television

1971 - Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House

1978 - 1st “micro on a chip” patented by Texas Instruments

1979 - In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.

1980 - 13th Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY

1980 - US launches Solar Maximum Mission Observatory to study solar flares

1981 - Stardust Disaster: A fire in a Dublin nightclub kills 48 people

1985 - Hostage CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is released in Beirut

1988 - Alfredo Stroessner re-elected president of Paraguay

1988 - Bobby Allison at 50 becomes oldest driver to win Daytona 500

1989 - African National Congress (ANC) opens office in Amsterdam

1989 - Khomeini orders Moslems to murder “Satanic Verses” novelist Rushdie

1989 - Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 mill damages for Bhopol disaster

1989 - World’s 1st satellite Skyphone opens

1989- The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit.

1990 - Perrier recalls 160 million bottles of sparkling water after traces of benzene, a carcinogen, are found in some

1990 - Space probe Voyager 1 takes photograph of entire solar system

1992 - Merlene Ottey runs world record 60m indoor (6.96 sec)

1993 - Fire in Linxi department store in Tangshan China, kills 79

1994 - Alexander Golubev skates Olympic record 500m (36.33)

1994 - Andrei Chikatilo, a Russian serial killer is executed by shooting.

1998 - Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing.

2000 - The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.

2004 - In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.

2005 - Lebanon’s former Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, is assassinated, prompting the country to fall into chaos.

2005 - Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines’ Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.

2008 - Northern Illinois University shooting: a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 24 casualties; 6 fatalities (including gunman) and 18 injured.

2011 - The 2011 Bahraini uprising commenced.

 

 

 

Births

1468 - Johann Werner, German mathematician (d. 1522)

1483 - Zahir al-Din Mohammed Babur Shah, prince/founder Mogols-dynasty

1487 - Henry II of Bavaria, bishop of Utrecht/Worms/Freising

1546 - Johann Pistorius, German theologist/historian

1602 - Pier Francesco Cavalli, Italian opera composer

1680 - John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor (d. 1737)

1692 - Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (d. 1754)

1760 - Richard Allen, Phila, 1st black ordained by Methodist-Episcopal church

1763 - Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (d. 1813)

 

 

 

1766 - Thomas MalthusEnglandpopulation expert (Law of Malthus)

 

 

 

 

 

1813 - John McNeil, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891

1819 - James Green Martin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1878

1819 - Christopher Sholes, Mooresburg Penn, newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter

1824 - Winfield Scott Hancock, Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1886

1829 - Alfred Iverson Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1911

1838 - Margaret Knight, inventor, “the female Thomas Edison”

1845 - Cecil De Vere, 1st official British chess champion (1866)

 

 

 

1846 - Julian ScottAmerican artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient. (d. 1901)

 

SCOTT, JULIAN A. Photo

 

 

 

 

1847 - Anna Howard Shaw, US, suffragette

1848 - Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (d. 1934)

1859 - George Washington Gale Ferris, engineer/inventor (Ferris Wheel)

1884 - Joe Jagersberger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1952)

1892 - Radola Gajda, Czech military commander (d. 1948)

 

 

 

1894 - Jack Benny, [Benjamin Kubelski], Waukegan Ill, “Oh! Rochester!”( see UE 12/26 Deaths)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1898 - Fritz Zwicky, Swiss astronomer (super nova)

1902 - Thelma Ritter, American actress (d. 1969)

1904 - Charles William Oatley, electrical engineer

1913 - Woody Hayes, [Wayne], college football coach (Ohio, 1968 coach of the year)

1913 - Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975

1913 - Mel Allen, Birmingham Alabama, American sportscaster (voice of NY Yankees)

1916 - Edward Platt, Staten Island NY, actor (Chief-Get Smart)

1916 - Masaki Kobayashi, Japanese director (Joi-uchi)

1916 - Marcel Bigeard, French general

1917 - Herbert A Hauptman, NYC, x-ray crystallographer (Nobel 1985)

1921 - Hugh Downs, Akron Oh, TV journalist (20/20, Concentration)

 

 

 

1921 - Skeezix, of “Gasoline Alley” discovered on Wallets’ doorstep

 

 

 

 

 

 

1922 - Murray the K, American impresario and disk jockey (d. 1982)

1926 - John Clark, CEO (Plessey Company)

1927 - Lois Maxwell, Kitchener Ontario, actress (Miss Moneypenny)

1929 - Vic Morrow, American actor (d. 1982)

1934 - Florence Henderson, Dale Ind, actress/singer (Carol-Brady Bunch)

1934 - Marlene Matthews, Australia, sprinter (Oly-2 bronze-1956)

1936 - Fanne Foxe, [Annabella Battistella], Argentina, (Wilbur Mills affair)

 

 

 

1937 - Magic Sambluesman ,guitarist , singer

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1940 - Porpoise, 1st born in captivity in US (Marineland, Fla)

1942 - Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (d. 1962)

1943 - Maceo Parker, US tenor saxophonist (King’s One, Mo’ Roots)

1943 - Aaron Russo, American movie producer (d. 2007)

1944 - Carl Bernstein, Washington Post investigative reporter (Watergate)

1944 - Ronnie Peterson, Swedish racing driver (d. 1978)

1945 - Gregory Hines, NYC, actor/dancer (White Nights, Taps)

1946 - Tim Buckley, Wash DC, rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears-When I Die)

1947 - Judd Gregg, (Rep-R-NH, 1981- )

1948 - … Teller, Phila, magician (Penn & Teller)

1948 - Jackie Martling, “Jackie the Jokeman”, comedian (Howard Stern Show)

1948 - Pat O’Brien, reporter (Entertainment Tonight)

 

 

 

1951 - Michael Doucetsinger/musician (Beausoleil)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1951 - JoJo Starbuck, American ice skate

1956 - Dave Dravecky, pitcher (SF Giants), had arm amputated

1956 - Howard Edward Davis Jr, Glen Cove NY, lw boxer (Olympic-silver-1976)

1956 - Ken Wahl, Chicago IL, actor (Wanderers)

1957 - Alan Hunter, one of the original MTV VJs

1960 - Jim Kelly, NFL quarterback (Buffalo Bills)

1960 - Meg Tilly, [Margaret], LA California, actress (Big Chill, Impulse)

1962 - Kevyn Aucoin, American cosmetologist (d. 2002)

1962 - Sakina Jaffrey, Indian actress

1963 - Zach Galligan, NYC, actor (Gremlins)

1966 - Clark Sherwood Dennis, Houston TX, PGA golfer (1990 Hawaiian Open-3rd)

1968 - Jules Asner, American television personality

1970 - Simon Pegg, British comedian and actor

1971 - Lonnie Johnson, NFL tight end (Buffalo Bills)

1972 - Drew Bledsoe, NFL quarterback (NE Patriots)

1972 - Rob Thomas, lead singer of pop band Matchbox Twenty

1972 - Hiroshi, Japanese comedian

1977 - Cadel Evans, Australian cyclist

1977 - Elmer Symons, South African motorcycle racer (d. 2007)

1980 - Michelle Ye, Hong Kong actress

1985 - Karima Adebibe, Moroccan-English actress and model

1986 - Michael Ammermüller, German racing driver

1988 - Asia Nitollano, American dancer, Pussycat Dolls Present: The Search for the Next Doll winner

 

 

 

Deaths

270 - St. Valentine marking Valentines Day (some sources say 269, others 273).

 

 

 

 

 

869 - Saint Cyril, Greek monk, scholar, theologian and linguist (b. 827) Called “apostle of Slavs”

1317 - Marguerite of France, queen of Edward I of England (b. 1282)

1400 - Richard II, king of England (1377-99), murdered at age 33 at Pontefract Castle

 

 

 

1405 - Timur/Tamerlane , [Lame], Mongols monarchdies at about 68

 

 

 

 

 

1528 - Edzard I the Great, count of Austria-E Frisia (1494-1528), dies at 66

1571 - Benvenuto Cellini, Ital sculptor/writer (Perseus), dies at 70

1676 - Abraham Bosse, French engraver and artist

1779 - James Cook, British explorer killed by Native Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii at 50

 

 

 

1780 - William BlackstoneEnglish lawyerdies at 56

 

 

 

 

 

1808 - John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (b. 1732)

1820 - Charles F, Duke of Berry, murdered at 42

1831 - Vincente Guerrero, Mexican revolutionary hero, dies

1870 - St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General (b. 1815)

 

 

 

1891 - William Tecumseh Sherman, Union Civil War General, dies at 71(see UE 2.8.13 Births)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1894 - Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (b. 1814)

1922 - Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (assassinated) (b. 1880)

1942 - Adnan Bin Saidi, Officer of the Malay Regiment killed in the defense of Singapore (b. 1915)

1943 - David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert Space), dies at 81

1950 - Eduard Hermann, German linguist (Homer), dies at 80

1950 - Karl G Jansky, Czech discoverer of cosmic radio sources, dies at 44

1959 - Baby Dodds, American jazz drummer (b. 1898)

1967 - James Schneider, actor (Keystone Kops), dies at 85

1969 - Vito Genovese, US mafia chief, dies at 71

 

 

1975 - Pelham G WodehouseEnglish/US writer (Bertie & Jeeves), dies at 93

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1979 - Adolph Dubs, US ambassador to Afghanistan, murdered

1983 - Lina Radke, German athlete (b. 1903)

1987 - Bola Sete, guitarist, dies at 63

1989 - James Bond, American ornithologist (b. 1900)

1991 - John A McCone, Head of CIA (1961-65), dies

1994 - Gary “BB” Coleman, blues vocal/guitarist/producer, dies at 47

1995 - Patricia Highsmith, writer, dies at 74

1996 - Eva Hart, Titanic survivor, dies at 90

1999 - John Ehrlichman, American presidential advisor (b. 1925)

1999 - Buddy Knox, American singer and songwriter (b. 1933)

2003 - Dolly the sheep, first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell dies young form a progressive lung disease aged 6

2005 - Rafik Hariri, Lebanese politician and billionaire businessman (b. 1944)

2007 - Ryan Larkin, Canadian animated film maker. (b. 1943)

2009 - Sir Bernard Ashley, Welsh businessman and entrepreneur. (b. 1926)

2010 - Dick Francis, British jockey-turned-novelist (b. 1920)

2011 - Sir George Shearing, Anglo-American jazz pianist (b. 1919)

2012 - Dory Previn, American singer-songwriter, dies at 86

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1130 - Gregorio de’ Papareschi elected as Pope Innocent II

 

 

 

1258 - Baghdad falls to the Mongolsand the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.

 

 

 

 

 

1349 - Jews are expelled from Burgsordf Switzerland

1503 - Disfida di Barletta – Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.

1510 - Charles of Gelre conquerors Oldenzaal

1566 - St Augustine, Florida founded

1578 - Tycho Brahe 1st sketches “Tychonic system” of solar system

1601 - John Lancaster leads 1st East India Company voyage from London

1633 - Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun

1689 - British Parliament adopts Bill of Rights

1692 - Massacre of Glencoe : About 78 Macdonalds at Glencoe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.

1693 - College of William & Mary opens

1706 - Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia/Saksen

1741 - Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine)

1777 - de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress

1795 - 1st state university in US opens, University of North Carolina

1799 - 1st US law regulating insurance passed, by Massachusetts

1809 - French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege

1816 - -14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire

1826 - American Temperance Society, forms in Boston

1832 - 1st appearance of cholera at London

1837 - Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour

1858 - Sir Richard Burton & John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa

1861 - Abraham Lincoln declared president

1861 - Col Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians

 

 

 

1862 - -Feb 16thSiege of Ft Donelson TN

 

 

 

 

 

1864 - Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek & Wyatt, Mississippi

1866 - Jesse James holds up his 1st bank, Liberty, Missouri ($15,000)

1880 - Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels’s primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.

1886 - Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class

1895 - Moving picture projector patented

1899 - -16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record)

1899 - -1°F (-18°C) New Orleans, La

1899 - -2°F (-19°C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)

1905 - -29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)

1905 - -40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)

1905 - -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)

1907 - English suffragettes storm British Parliament & 60 women are arrested

1914 - American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers-ASCAP forms in NYC

1920 - League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland

1920 - Switzerland rejoin League of Nations

1924 - King Tut’s tomb opened

1925 - US Congress makes Surpreme Court appeal more difficult

1929 - Cruiser Act: OKs construction of 19 new cruisers & an aircraft carrier

 

 

 

1932 - “Free Eats” introduces George “Spanky” McFarland to “Our Gang

 

 

 

 

 

1934 - The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.

1935 - 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland

1935 - Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap & murder of Lindbergh’s infant

1937 - “Prince Valiant” comic strip appears; known for historical detail

1937 - Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship

1937 - NFL Boston Redskins move to Wash DC

1937 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson

1937 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee

1942 - Hitler’s Operation Sealion (invasion of England) cancelled

1945 - Allied planes bomb Dresden Germany; 135,000 die

1948 - Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA

1948 - Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England

1952 - Rocky Marciano defeated Lee Savold for his 39th straight win

1955 - Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls

1959 - Barbie doll goes on sale

1959 - Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns

1961 - Frank Sinatra launches Reprise label under Warner Bros Records

1965 - Peggy Fleming, 16, wins ladies senior figure skating title

1965 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1968 - US sends 10,500 additional soldiers to Vietnam

1970 - Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi

1971 - 12,000 South Vietnamese troops cross into Laos

1971 - Golfing VP Spiro Agnew hits 2 tee shots into crowd, injuring 2

1972 - 11th Winter Olympic games close at Sapporo, Japan

1974 - Dissident Nobel writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from USSR

1976 - Dorothy Hamill wins Olympic figure-skating gold, Innsbruck, Austria

1977 - Eric Heiden is 1st American to win world speed skating championship

1979 - Washington State’s Hood Canal Bridge breaks up in windstorm

1980 - Apple Computer Inc incorporated

1981 - Longest sentence published by NY Times-1286 words

 

 

 

1981 - A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in LouisvilleKentucky.

 

 

 

 

 

1982 - Dark Side of the Moon, is on charts for 402nd week

1983 - World Boxing Council becomes 1st to cut boxing from 15 to 12 rounds

1984 - 6 year old Texan Stormie Jones gets 1st heart & liver transplant

1985 - Polish police arrests 7 Solidarity leaders

1990 - 50 killed at Inkatha-UDF battle in Natal, South Africa

1990 - US, England, France & England give Germany OK to reunify

1992 - Jose Canseco repeatedly rams his Porsche into wife Esther’s BMW

1993 - Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (21.87 sec)

1993 - Sergei Bubka pole vaults indoor record (6.14 m)

1994 - Johann Olav Koss skates world record 5000m 6:34,96

1994 - Ship disaster near Ranong Thailand, kills 200

1997 - Discovery captures Hubble Space Telescope

2000 - The last original “Peanuts” comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M Schulz dies.

2001 - An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.

2004 - The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093.

2008 - Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes an historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and the Stolen Generations.

2009 - Unix time passed 1,234,567,890 seconds February 13, 2009 at exactly 23:31:30 (UTC).

2010 - A bombing at the German Bakery in Pune, India, kills 10 and injures 60 more.

 

 

 

Births

711 BC - Jimmu, Japanese emperor (d. 585 DC)

1440 - Hartmann Schedel, German physician/humanist/historian

1457 - Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1482)

1480 - Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1542)

1599 - Alexander VII, [Fabio Chigi], Siena Italy, pope (1655-67)

1610 - Jean de la Badie, French divine, founder of Lagardists

1672 - Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (d. 1731)

1682 - Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Venice, painter (Fortune Teller)

1728 - John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)

1743 - Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist (d. 1820)

 

 

 

1754 - Charles Maurice de TalleyrandFrench politician (d. 1838)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1768 - Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (d. 1835)

1769 - Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (d. 1844)

1831 - John Aaron Rawlins, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1869

1833 - William Whedbee Kirkland, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1915

1849 - Lord Randolph Churchill, England, politician, Winston’s father

1852 - Johan L E Dreyer, Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)

1879 - Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1949)

1884 - Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American athlete, inventor, and businessman (d. 1961)

1885 - Elizabeth Virginia [Bess] Truman, US 1st lady (1945-52)

 

 

 

1887 - Alvin Yorkfamed US soldier ,Medal of Honor recipient, with 25 kills in WW I

 

YORK, ALVIN C. Photo

 

 

 

1892 - Grant Wood, US, painter (American Gothic)

1902 - Blair Moody, New Haven Ct, (Sen-Mich)

1902 - Karl Menger, Austria/US mathematician (theory of dimension)

1906 - Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)

1910 - William B Shockley, London, US physicist (Nobel 1956), racist

1912 - Jose de Capriles, US, fencer (Olympic-1936, 48, 52)

1915 - Aung San, Burmese general and politician (d. 1947)

1919 - Eddie Robinson, winningest college football coach (Grambling)

 

 

 

1919 - Tennessee Ernie FordBristol Tncountry vocalist/actor (pea picker)

 

 

 

 

 

1923 - Chuck Yeagar, US test pilot (1st man to break sound barrier)

1929 - Omar Torrijos Herrera, president Panama

1930 - Dotty McGuire, Middletown Oh, vocalist (McGuire Sisters)

1930 - Ernst Fuchs, Austrian artist

1931 - Marjorie Jackson, Austria, 100m/200m dash (Oly-gold-1952) [or Sep 13]

1933 - Emanuel Ungaro, France, fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1969)

1933 - Kim Novak, [Marilyn], Chicago Ill, actress (Vertigo, Of Human Bondage)

1934 - George Segal, actor/banjo player (Carbon Copy, Fun with Dick & Jane)

1935 - Dr. Don Panoz, American entrepreneur and motorsports impresario (ALMS)

1936 - Leamon King, Tulare California, 4X100m relayer (Olympic-gold-1956)

1937 - Sigmund Jaehn, German DR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 31/29)

1938 - Oliver Reed, London England, actor (Big Sleep)

1939 - Valery Illych Rozhdestvensky, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 23)

1939 - Beate Klarsfeld, German Nazi hunter

1941 - Bo Svenson, Goteborg Sweden, actor (North Dallas 40, Walking Tall)

1942 - Carol Lynley, NYC, actress (Night Stalker, Fantasy Island, Immortal)

1942 - Donald E Williams, Lafayette Ind, Capt USN/astro (STS 51D, STS 34)

1942 - Peter Tork, American musician and actor (The Monkees)

1943 - Leo Frankowski, US, sci-fi author (High Tech Knight, Flying Warlord)

1944 - Jerry Springer, London England, talk show host (Jerry Springer Show)

1944 - Stockard Channing, NYC, actress (Grease, Big Bus, Without a Trace)

1945 - Keith Nichols, jazz pianist

1946 - Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German director/actor (Ehe der Maria Braun)

1947 - Tony Butler, rock bassist (Big Country-It’s a Big Country, Wonderland)

1948 - Allan Legere, Canadian serial killer (Monster of the Miramichi)

1950 - Peter Gabriel, Surrey England, rock vocalist (Genesis, In Your Eyes)

1951 - David Naughton, Hartford Ct, actor (My Sister Sam, Separate Vacations)

1951 - Greg Fulginiti, American mastering engineer

1952 - David Puilum Choi, Hong Kong, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1952 - Ed Gagliardi, NYC, rock bassist (Foreigner-Cold As Ice)

1952 - Freddy Maertens, Belgian cyclist

1957 - Denise Austin, American fitness expert

1958 - Marc Emery, Canadian cannabis activist

1960 - Kelly McCormick, Anaheim California, diver (Olympic-silver-1984)

1960 - Matt Salinger, Windsor VT, actor (Capt America, Deadly Deception)

1961 - Henry Rollins, US vocalist/poet (Big Ugly Mouth, Talking From the Box)

1961 - Les Warner, rocker (Cult-Fire Woman)

1962 - Jackie Silva, Rio de Janeiro Brazil, volleyballer (Pan Am-Bronze)

1963 - Penelope Ann Miller, actress (Awakenings, Chaplin, Freshman) [or 1/13]

1963 - Roberta Vasquez, LA California, playmate (November, 1984)

1964 - Evi Strasser, Bavaria German, equestrian (Olympics-96)

1966 - Freedom Williams, rock vocalist (C&C Music Factory-Everbody Dance Now)

1967 - Melanie Denise Bridges, Derry NH, Miss NH-America (1991)

1969 - Ahlam, Bahraini singer

1971 - Sonia, British singer

1974 - Robbie Williams, English singer

1974 - Jeff Duran, American radio personality

1975 - Mark Gerald Keddell, Christchurch NZ, 200m (Olympics-96)

1976 - Dave Padden, Canadian musician (Annihilator)

1977 - Randy Moss, American football player

1977 - Ben Collins, British racing driver

1978 - Mini Anden, Swedish model and actress

1979 - Mena Suvari, American actress

1980 - Kristy Powell, Fla, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1982 - Lanisha Cole, American model

 

 

 

Deaths

858 - Kenneth I of Scotland

1130 - Honorius II, [Lamberto], Pope (1124-30), dies

1141 - Béla II of Hungary (b. 1110)

1219 - Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1192)

1237 - Jordanus of Saxon, 2nd general of Dominicans, drowns

1332 - Andronicus II Paleologus, Byzantine emperor (1282-1328)/monk, dies

1542 - Catharine Howard, queen of England/5th wife of Henry VIII, beheaded

1608 - Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski, Lithuanian prince (b. 1526)

1624 - Stephen Gosson, English satirist (b. 1554)

1660 - Charles X Gustaaf, king of Sweden (1654-60), dies at 37

1728 - Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister (b. 1663)

1813 - Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (b. 1725)

 

 

 

1818 - George Rogers Clark, American military leader (b. 1752)

 

 

 

 

 

1826 - Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (b. 1745)

1841 - Thomas Ainsworth, English/Dutch industrialist, dies at 45

1845 - Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)

1883 - Wilhelm Richard Wagner, composer, dies at 69

 

 

 

1891 - David Dixon PorterUS rear admiral , (Union), dies at 77

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 - Marcel Bertrand, French mine engineer, dies at 59

1927 - Brooks Adams, US philosopher (New Empire), dies at 78

 

 

 

1950 - Rafael SabatiniItalian author (b. 1875)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1952 - Josephine Tey, English author (b. 1896)

1958 - Dame Christabel Pankhurst, a leading suffragette (English) “Queen of the mob” (b.1880)

1960 - Delmar G Roos, designer of jeep, dies at 79

1965 - William H Kilpatrick, US mathematician/philosopher, dies at 93

1968 - Mae Marsh, actress (Birth of a Nation, Intolerance), dies at 72

1976 - Lily Pons, French/US soprano/opera diva (Met Opera), dies at 71

1980 - David Janssen, [Meyer], actor (Fugitive, Harry O), dies at 49

1982 - Zeng Jinlian, Hunan China, grew to 8’1″ (tallest woman), dies at 17

1984 - Andre Stander, South African police captain and bank robber (b. 1946)

1989 - Wayne Hays, American politician (b. 1911)

1992 - Nikolay Bogolyubov, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)

1995 - Abdelhafid Said, Algerian student leader, murdered

1995 - Wilton “Bogey” Gaynair, saxophonist, dies at 68

1996 - Daniel K Womack, singer/guitarist, dies at 91

1996 - Martin Balsam, actor (Archie’s Place), dies at 76

2000 - James Cooke Brown, American author and inventor (b. 1921)

2002 - Waylon Jennings, American musician (b. 1937)

2003 - Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (b. 1926)

2003 - Walt Rostow, U.S. government official (b. 1916)

2004 - Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, Chechen leader (b. 1952)

2005 - Maurice Trintignant, French race car driver (b. 1917)

2005 - Dick Weber, American professional bowler (b. 1929)

2005 - Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist (b. 1965)

2007 - Richard Gordon Wakeford, Air Marshal, Royal Air Force (b. 1922)

2008 - Roger Voisin, Trumpet player, Boston Symphony (b. 1918)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1049 - Bruno count of Egesheim & Dagsburg crowned Pope Leo IX

1111 - German King Hendry V arrives at St Peter, Rome

1130 - Pope Innocent II elected

1502 - Granada Moslems forced to convert to Catholicism

1502 - Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal on his second voyage to India.

 

 

 

1700 - The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1709 - Alexander Selkirk, Scottish seaman is rescued after 4+ years from Fernandez Island (inspiration for Daniel Defoe’s “Robinson Crusoe”)

1719 - The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded.

1733 - Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah

1793 - 1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves

1825 - Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826

1839 - Aroostock War: Boundary dispute between Maine & New Brunswick

1850 - Original Washington’s Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300

1855 - Michigan State University was established.

1861 - State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, AK

1865 - Henry Highland Garnet, is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps

1870 - Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada

1873 - Congress abolishes bimetallism & authorizes $1 & $3 gold coins

1874 - King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit US

1876 - Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop

1877 - 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Mass

1878 - Frederick Thayer patents catcher’s mask (pat # 200,358)

1879 - 1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Sq Garden, NYC)

1879 - News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London

1880 - National Croquet League organizes (Phila)

1885 - Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society

1894 - Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris’s Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.

1899 - -47°F (-44°C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record)

1899 - 1st 2-man team 6-day bicycle race in US begins, Madison Square Garden, NYC

1908 - Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female

 

 

 

1908 - NY to Paris auto race (via Alaska & Siberiabegins in NYC George Schuster wins after 88 days behind the wheel

 

 

 

 

 

1909 - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms

1914 - In Washington, DC, the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.

1915 - Cornerstone laid for Lincoln Memorial in Wash DC

1924 - President Calvin Coolidge makes 1st presidential radio speech

1927 - British expeditionary army lands in Shanghai

 

 

 

1934 - The Austrian Civil War begins.

 

 

 

 

 

1935 - Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean

1942 - 3 German battle cruisers escape via Channel to Brest N Germany

1946 - World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.

1947 - Daytime fireball & meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia

1947 - Record 100.5-kg sailfish caught, C W Stewart, Galapagos Islands

1948 - 1st Lt Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st black in army nursing corps

1949 - Panic in Quito Ecuador, after “War of the World” played on radio

1949 - Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem

1950 - Albert Einstein warns against hydrogen bomb

1950 - Sen Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees

1955 - Pres Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to S Vietnam

1955 - Soviets decides space center built in Baikonur, Kazachstan

1957 - Researchers announce Borazan (harder than diamonds) been developed

1958 - Celtic Bill Russell grabs 41 rebounds to beat Syracuse 119-101

1958 - Gen Miguel Ydegoras Fuentes elected president of Guatemala

1960 - Chinese army kills 12 Indian soldiers

1961 - Celtic Bill Russell grabs 40 rebounds to beat Warriors 136-125

1961 - USSR launches Venera 1 toward Venus

1962 - Bus boycott starts in Macon, Georgia

1964 - Beatles 1st NYC concert (Carnegie Hall)

1964 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1964 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Allen

1967 - Keith Richards, Mick Jagger & Marianne Faithful busted for drugs

1973 - 1st US POWs in N Vietnam released; 116 of 456 flown to Philippine

1978 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne

1979 - Kosmos 1076, 1st Soviet oceanographic satellite, launched

1981 - Admiral Bobby R Inman, USN, becomes deputy director of CIA

1981 - Arbitrator Goetz declares Red Sox catcher Carlton Fisk a free agent

1981 - Pete Squires sets record for 1575 steps of Empire State Bldg, 10m

1984 - Cale Yarborough, becomes 1st Daytona 500 qualifier, above 200 MPH

1984 - Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean skate “Bolero” at Olympics

1989 - 5 Pakistani Moslem rioters killed protesting “Satanic Verses” novel

1989 - Thursday’s Child sets sailing record, NY-Cape Horn-SF, 80 d 20 h

1989 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Christopher Bowman

1991 - Iceland recognizes Lithuania’s independence

1991 - North & South Korea form a joint team for table tennis competition

1994 - 17th Winter Olympic games opens in Lillehammer, Norway

1994 - Edvard Munch’s painting “The Scream” stolen (in Oslo)

1994 - Inna Lassovskaya jumps world record 14.90m

1994 - Model Anna Nicole Smith hospitalized for drug overdose

1995 - Bonnie Blair skates female world record 500m (38.69 sec)

1995 - Sun Cayun pole vaults indoor female world record (4.13m)

1995 - Susan Auch skates female world record 500m (38.94 sec)

1997 - Fred Goldman says he will settle for a signed murder confession from O J Simpson in lieu of his $20.5 million judgement

1998 - 250-car Italy pile-up due to fog, 4 die & 50 hurt

1998 - Intel unveils its 1st graphics chip i740

1998 - US district judge T Hogan declares line-item veto law unconstitutional

1999 - President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial.

2001 - NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touchdown in the “saddle” region of 433 Eros becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.

2002 - US Secretary of Energy makes the decision that Yucca Mountain is suitable to be the United States’ nuclear waste repository.

2002 - The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He eventually dies four years later before its conclusion.

2004 - The city of San Francisco, California begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom.

2006 - A powerful winter storm blankets the Northeastern United States dumping 1 to 2 feet of snow from Washington DC up to Boston, Massachusetts. The storm dumped a record 26.9 inches of snow in New York City.

2007 - A gunman opens fire in a mall in Salt Lake City, killing 5 people in the Trolley Square shooting.

 

 

Births

1074 - Conrad, King of Germany and Italy (d. 1101)

1211 - Henry VII, Roman catholic German king (1220-35)

1218 - Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (d. 1256)

1438 - Adolf van Egmond, duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen

 

 

 

1606 - John Winthropthe YoungerGovernor of Connecticut (d. 1676)

 

 

 

 

 

1637 - Jan Swammerdam, Amsterdam, Dutch anatomist/entomologist (Bible of Nature)

1663 - Cotton Mather, witchcraft authority

1728 - Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (d. 1799)

1753 - François-Paul Brueys D’Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)

1785 - Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)

1791 - Peter Cooper, industrialist/philanthropist (Cooper Union)

1794 - Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)

1804 - Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)

 

 

 

1809 - Abraham LincolnKentucky, (R16th US President (1861-65)

 

 

 

 

 

1809 - Charles Darwin, England, discovered evolution (Origin of the Species)

1818 - Otto Ludwig, German writer (Die Heiterethei)

1824 - Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarsvati, Indian hindu leader

1828 - Robert Ransom Jr, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1892

1831 - John Morrissey, boxer/developer of Saratoga Springs horse race track

1838 - Charles Carroll Walcott, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1898

1843 - John Graham Chambers, English athlete who wrote the Queensberry rules for boxing (d. 1883)

1876 - Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (d. 1933)

1884 - Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)

1893 - Marcel G J Minnaert, Dutch astronomer

1893 - Omar Bradley, General of Army WW II (GI General)

1903 - Joseph F. Biroc, American cinematographer (d. 1996)

1904 - Ted Mack, Denver Colo, TV host (Original Amateur Hour)

1907 - Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (d. 1991)

1908 - Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)

1911 - Charles Mathiesen, Norway, 1500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1936)

1914 - Gordon Tex Beneke, saxophonist/bandleader/vocalist (Glenn Miller Orch)

1915 - Andrew J Goodpaster, US, general/supreme commander (NATO-Europe)

1915 - Lorne Greene, Ottawa Canada, actor (Bonanza, Battlestar Galactica)

1918 - Julian S Schwinger, US physicist

1919 - Forrest Tucker, Plainfield Ind, actor (O’Rourke-F Troop, Dusty Trail)

1923 - Franco Zeffirelli, Florence Italy, director (Romeo & Juliet)

1926 - Joe Garagiola, St Louis Mo, sportscaster/host (Today Show)

1926 - Paul Hamlyn, English publisher/multi-millionaire (Octopus)

1926 - Charles Van Doren, American quiz show contestant

1933 - Costa-Gavras, director

1933 - Ivan Nikolayevich Anikeyev, cosmonaut

1933 - Juanita [Ruth] Coulson, sci-fi author (Web of Wizardry, Space Trap)

1934 - Bill Russell, Monroe La, NBAer (Boston Celtics, Oly-gold-56)

1934 - Anne Krueger, American economist

1935 - Gene McDaniels, US vocalist/bandleader/actor (Young Swingers)

1936 - Fang Lizhi, Beijing China, Chinese astrophysicist/dissident (Tiananmen Square, 1989), (d. 2012)

1936 - Joe Don Baker, Groesback Tx, actor (Eischied, Walking Tall, Fletch)

1937 - Charles Everett Dumas, Tulsa Ok, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1956)

1938 - Judy Blume, author (Wifey)

1939 - Ray Manzarek, American keyboardist (Doors-Light My Fire, Unknown Soldier)

1941 - Naomi Uemura, mountain climber (1st Japanese to scale Everest)

1942 - Chananjit Vohra, Kenyan/British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire

1942 - Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel

1944 - Moe Bandy, Meridian Ms, country vocalist (Just Good Ol’ Boys)

1945 - Maud Adams, Lulea Sweden, actress (Octopussy, Rollerball, Tattoo)

 

 

 

1948 - Raymond KurzweilAmerican inventor and author

 

 

 

 

 

1949 - Stanley Knight, country artist (Black Oak Arkansas-High on the Hog)

1950 - Steve Hackett, rock guitarist (Genesis-Against All Odds/GTR)

1951 - Steven Parent, Manson murder victim (d. 1969)

1952 - Michael McDonald, St Louis, rock keyboardist/vocals (Doobie Brothers)

1953 - Joanna Kerns, [de Varona], SF California, actress (Maggie-Growing Pains)

1953 - Simon MacCorkindale, Cambridge, actor (Falcon Crest, Manimal) [or 2/2]

1954 - Philip Zimmermann, American cryptographer

1955 - Arsenio Hall, comedian (Alan Thicke, Arsenio, Coming to America)

1955 - Daniele Masala, Italy, pentathelete (Olympics-1976)

1958 - Ingrid Klich, Whittier California, rower (Olympics-96)

1959 - Omar Hakim, drummer (Dire Straits, Weather Report)

1959 - Sigrid Thornton, Australia, actress (Amelia Lawson-Guns of Paradise)

1963 - Ed Lover, American radio personality

1967 - Chris McKinstry, Canadian computer scientist

1968 - Chynna Phillips, LA California, vocalist (Wilson Philips-Hold On)

1968 - Josh Brolin, actor (Johnny-Private Eye, Jimmy Hickok-Young Riders)

1968 - Christopher McCandless, American nomad, subject of biography Into the Wild (d. 1992)

1969 - Colin Keely, Buffalo NY, water polo driver (Olympics-96)

1969 - Meja, Swedish singer

1973 - Brendon Mark Cameron, Pirongia NZ, 4k pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96)

1974 - Toranosuke Takagi, Japanese race car driver

1974 - Fonzworth Bentley, American hip-hop artist

1976 - Anna Benson, American model

1980 - Christina Ricci, actress (Wednesday-Addams Family, Mermaids, Casper)

1984 - Brad Keselowski, NASCAR Nationwide Series Driver

 

 

Deaths

1128 - Toghtekin, slave/atabek of Damascus, dies

1242 - Hendrik VII, Roman Catholics German king (1220-35), commits suicide

1538 - Albrecht Altdorfer, German painter, dies at about 57

1554 - Jane Grey, queen of England for 9 days, beheaded at 17

1554 - Lord Guildford Dudley, Jane Grey’s husband, beheaded

1571 - Nicholas Throckmorton, English diplomat and politician (b. 1515)

1624 - George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)

1630 - Fynes Moryson, English traveler and writer (b. 1566)

1700 - Aleksei Shein, Russian general and statesman (b. 1662)

1787 - Ruggiero Boscovich, Ital physicist/astronomer/philosopher, dies at 75

 

 

 

1789 - Ethan AllenAmerican patriot (b. 1738)

 

 

 

 

 

1799 - Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (b. 1729)

 

 

 

1804 - Immanuel KantGerman philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79

 

 

 

 

 

 

1896 - Isaac Murphy, jockey, 628 wins on 1,412 mounts (44.5%), dies at 35

1916 - J W Richard Dedekind, German mathematician, dies

 

 

 

1929 - Lillie LangtryBritish singer and actress (b. 1853)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1931 - Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)

1935 - Auguste Escoffier, French chef (b. 1846)

1942 - Grant Wood, US painter (American Gothic), dies at 49

1945 - Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies

1945 - Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39

1947 - Sidney Toler, actor (Charlie Chan, Dark Alibi), dies at 72

1949 - Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906)

1951 - Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (b. 1897)

1960 - Bobby Clark, vaudevillan (World’s funniest circus clown), dies at 71

1971 - James Cash Penney, US founder (J C Penney), dies at 95

1976 - Sal Mineo, actor (Exodus, Rebel Without a Cause), stabbed at 37

1979 - Jean Renoir, French writer/director (Human Beast), dies at 84

1981 - Jean Dixon, actress (Joy of Livng, You Only Live Once), dies

1982 - Victor Jory, actor (Adv of Tom Sawyer, 1st Lady, Jigsaw), dies at 79

1983 - Eubie Blake, ragtime-composer/pianist (Memories of You), dies at 100

1985 - Nicholas Colissanto, actor (Coach-Cheers), dies at 61

1991 - Roger Patterson, American death metal bass player (b. 1968)

1992 - Bep [Lambertus] van Klaveren, boxing champ (Olympic-gold-1928), dies

1992 - Ton Brandsteder, CEO (Sony Netherland BV), dies at 74

1993 - James Bulger, English child beaten to death at 2, by 10 yr old boys

1994 - Donald Judd, US furniture maker/architect/artist, dies at 65

1994 - Sue Rodriguez, Canadian assisted suicide advocate (b. 1950)

1995 - Earring George Mayweather, blues harmonica player, dies at 66

 

 

 

2000 - Screamin’ Jay HawkinsAmerican musician (b. 1929)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

2000 - Tom Landry, American football coach (b. 1924)

2000 - Charles M Schulz, American cartoonist, dies at 77

2000 - Oliver, American pop singer (b. 1945)

2007 - Peggy Gilbert, American jazz saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1905)

2011 - Mato Damjanović, Croatian chess grandmaster (b. 1927)

2012 - John Severin, America comic book artist, dies at 90

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

660 BC - Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu

55 - Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.

385 - Oldest Pope elected; Siricius-bishop of Tarragona

824 - St Paschal I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1531 - Henry VIII recognized as supreme head of Church in England

 

 

 

1543 - Battle at Wayna DagaEthiopian/Portugese troops beat Moslem army(2-21?)

 

 

 

 

1575 - King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe

1659 - The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.

1752 - Pennsylvania Hospital, the 1st hospital in the US, opened

1766 - Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia

1768 - Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes

1790 - Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery

1794 - 1st session of US Senate open to the public

1808 - Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pa

1809 - Robert Fulton patents steamboat

1811 - President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years

1812 - Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill – 1st “gerrymander”

1826 - London University founded

1837 - American Physiological Society organizes in Boston

1852 - 1st British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street London)

1854 - Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time

1858 - 1st apparition of Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes France

1861 - President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Wash DC

1861 - US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state

1878 - 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms

1889 - Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890

1895 - -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)

1895 - Georgetown became part of Wash DC

1899 - -15°F (-26°C), Washington, DC (district record)

1899 - -61°F, Montana (record low temperature)

1902 - Police beats up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels

 

 

 

1907 - Passenger ship Larchmont sinks off Block Island RI , 322 die

 

 

 

 

 

1916 - Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control

1922 - “April Showers” by Al Jolson hits #1

1922 - US intervention army leaves Honduras

1927 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran

1927 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles

1928 - 2nd Winter Olympic games opens in St Moritz, Switzerland

1932 - 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February

1935 - -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)

1935 - 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY

1936 - Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in SF Bay

1937 - 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends

1941 - 1st Gold record presented (Glenn Miller-Chattanooga Choo Choo)

1942 - “Archie” comic book debuts

1943 - General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe

1943 - Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

1944 - German troops reconquer Aprilia Italy

1944 - U-424 sunk off Ireland

1945 - 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA

1945 - Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin

1949 - Willie Pep recaptures world featherweight boxing title

1950 - “Rag Mop” by The Ames Brothers hit #1

1953 - Pres Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple

1958 - Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st Afr-American woman hired as flight attendant

1960 - Jack Paar walks off his TV show

1961 - Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem

1963 - CIA Domestic Operations Division created (pretty scary!)

1964 - Greek & Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus

1966 - SF Giant Willie Mays signs highest contract, $130,000 per year

1968 - Israeli-Jordan border fight

1968 - Jeffrey Kramer survives 76-m jump, Wash Bridge, Hudson River NY

1969 - Diana Crump becomes 1st US woman jockey to ride against men, Hialelah

1970 - 26.37 cm (10.38″) of rainfall, Mt Washington, NH (state 24-hr rec)

1970 - Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite (Osumi) in orbit

1971 - US, UK, USSR, others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons

1974 - Titan-Centaur Test launch fails

1975 - Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for Conservative leadership

1976 - Clifford Alexander Jr confirmed as 1st black secretary of Army

1977 - 20.2-kg lobster caught off Nova Scotia (heaviest known crustacean)

1978 - China lifts a ban on Aristotle, Shakespeare, & Dickens

1978 - EOKA organization disbands in Cyprus

1979 - 43 million watch “Elvis!” on ABC

1981 - Polish premier Jozef Pinkowski replaced by Wojciech Jaruzelski

1983 - “Weird Al” Yankovic records “Ricky” & “Buckingham Blues” debut LP

1983 - 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18″(46 cm))

1986 - Activist Anatoly Scharansky released by USSR, leaves country

1988 - Anthony M Kennedy appointed to Supreme Court

1989 - Barbara Clementine Harris consecrated 1st female bishop (Episcopalian)

1989 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Jill Trenary

1990 - James “Buster” Douglas KOs Mike Tyson in 10 to win heavyweight boxing crown

1990 - Nelson Mandela (political prisoner-27 years) freed in South Africa

1992 - F-16 jet crashes at residential district of Hengelo Neth (No deaths)

1992 - Michael Johnson runs indoor world record 400m (44.97 sec)

1993 - Janet Reno selected by Clinton as US Attorney General

1995 - Danyon Loader swims world record 400m freestyle (340.46)

1995 - Mark Foster swims world record 50m butterfly (23.55 sec)

1995 - Sandra Volker swims European record 50m backstroke (27.67 sec)

1998 - KVBC-FM (Las Vegas) offers Monica Lewinsky $5M for interview

2011 - Egyptian Revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests.

 

 

Births

1377 - King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)

1380 - Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italy, humanist

1465 - Elizabeth of York, London, Consort of King Henry VII

1506 - Juliana van Stolberg, engraver of Nassau

1535 - Gregory XIV, [Niccolo Sfondrati], Roman Catholic pope (1590-91)

1657 - Bernard Fontenelle, France, scientist/writer (Plurality of Worlds)

1755 - Albert Christoph Dies, composer

1774 - Hans Järta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)

1800 - William Henry Fox Talbot, Wiltshire England, photographic pioneer/inventor

 

 

 

1812 - Alexander Hamilton StephensVice Pres (Confederacy), died in 1883

 

 

 

 

 

1812 - Benjamin Franklin Sands, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883

1821 - Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)

1829 - William Anderson Pile, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1889

1833 - Melville Weston Fuller, 8th chief justice

1839 - Josiah Willard Gibbs, theoretical physicist/chemist

1840 - Sanuel Dana Greene, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), died in 1884

1847 - Thomas Alva Edison, Milan Ohio, lit up your life (held 1200 patents)

1874 - Elsa Beskow, [Maartman], Swedish children’s book/fairy tales author

1889 - John Mills, dancer (Mills Brothers)

1894 - Isaac M Kolthoff, chemist (Massenanalyse)

1902 - Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect (d. 1971)

1906 - Denis Barnett, British air chief marshal

 

 

 

1908 - Josh WhiteBluesman , vocalist guitarist

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1908 - Vivian [Ernest] Fuchs, geologist/explorer (British Antarctic Survey)

1909 - Joseph L Mankiewicz, Wilkes-Barre PA, film writer/director (Sleuth)

1909 - Max Baer, Omaha Nebraska, heavyweight boxing champ (1934-35)(d. 1959)

1917 - Sidney Sheldon, novelist (1947 Academy Award, 1959 Tony, Bloodline)

1917 - T. Nagi Reddy, Indian revolutionary (d. 1976)

1919 - Gretchen Fraser, Tacoma Wash, slalom skier (Olympic-gold-1948)

1920 - Billy Halop, NYC, actor (Bert Munson-All in the Family)

1920 - Daniel F[rancis] Galouye, US, sci-fi author (Dark Universe, Last Leap)

1920 - Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)

1921 - Eva Gabor, Budapest Hungary, actress (Lisa-Green Acres, Gigi)

1925 - Kim Stanley, [Patricia Reid], Tularosa NM, actress (Right Stuff)

1925 - Peter Berger, British vice-admiral

1925 - Virginia E Johnson, doctor/sexologist (Masters & Johnson)

1926 - Paul Bocuse, France, great chef (Legion of Honor)

1926 - Leslie Nielsen, Canadian actor (Forbidden Planet, Naked Gun)

1928 - Conrad Janis, NYC, actor (Mork & Mindy, Quark, Bonino)

1930 - Alevtina Koltschina, USSR, cross coutry relay skier (Oly-gold-1960)

1931 - Larry Merchant, author/boxing commentator (Showtime)

 

 

 

1934 - John SurteesBritish racecar driver

 

 

 

 

 

1934 - Tina Louise, NYC, actress (Ginger-Gilligan’s Island, Julie-Dallas)

1935 - Gene Vincent, Norfolk Va, rock guitarist/vocalist (Be-Bop-A-Lula)

1936 - Burt Reynolds, Mich, actor (Evening Shade, Strip Tease, Cannonball)

1938 - Boris Majorov, USSR, ice hockey (Olympic-gold-1964)

1938 - Manuel Antonio Noriega, Panamanian general/dictator (-1990)

1940 - Bobby “Boris” Pickett, rocker (Monster Mash)

1941 - Sergio Mendes, jazz/pop musician (Brazil ’66/’77/’88)

1942 - Leon Haywood, US vocalist/keyboardist (It’s Got to be Mellow)

1942 - Otis Clay, US gospel/R&B-singer (That’s how it is)

1946 - M C Walker, CEO (Iceland Frozen Foods)

1949 - Charlie Hargrett, rock guitarist (Blackfoot)

1953 - Alan Rubin, music figure (Blues Brothers)

1953 - Stephen D Thorne, Frankfurt-on-Main, German FR, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut

1953 - Jeb Bush, American politician

1956 - Kathleen Beller, Queens NY, actress (Ft Apache the Bronx, Touched)

1959 - Corinne Shigemoto, US judo coach (Olympics-96)

1960 - Richard A Mastracchio, Waterbury Ct, astronaut

1961 - Carey Lowell, NYC, actress (Me & Him, Guardian, Dangerously Close)

1961 - Mary Docter, US, 3000m speed skater (Olympics-1980, 84, 88, 92)

1964 - Sheryl Crow, vocalist (All I Want to Do-Grammy 1995)

1964 - Ken Shamrock, American martial artist

 

 

 

1964 - Sarah PalinGovernor , American , Patriot

 

Sarah Palin

 

 

 

 

1967 - Barbara Byrne, Princeton NJ, rower (Olympics-96)

1967 - Chris Reohr, Ridley Park Pa, fencer (Olympics-96)

1969 - Jennifer Aniston, Sherman Oaks California, actress (Rachel-Friends)

1969 - Shannon Long, Gladstone Australia, playmate (Oct, 1988)

1972 - Kelly Slater, American surfer

1973 - Ethan Iverson, jazz pianist

 

 

 

1974 - Alex JonesAmerican radio host

 

 

 

 

 

1975 - Chuck Watanabe, kayak (alt-Olympics-96)

1977 - Jessica Carlson, Kalamazoo Mich, archer (alt-Olympics-1996)

1977 - Mike Shinoda, American musician, Linkin Park, Fort Minor

1979 - Brandy [Norwood], singer (Les Miserables, Moisha)

1980 - Natasha Bobo, Watsonville California, actress (Sally-Together We Stand)

1981 - Kelly Rowland, American singer

1984 - Aubrey O’Day, American singer

 

 

Deaths

641 - Heraclius, emperor of Byzantium (610-641), dies at about 65

731 - Gregory II, Greek-Syrian Pope, dies

821 - Benedict of Aniane, saint, dies

824 - Paschal I, Italian Pope (817-24), dies

867 - Theodora, the Saint, beauty queen/empress of Byzantine, dies

1160 - Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)

1511 - Henry, Duke of Cornwall, son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1543 - Ahmed Gran, sultan of Adal, dies in battle at Wayna Daga

1626 - Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (b. 1552)

1713 - Jahandar Shah, Mughal emperor of India (b. 1664)

1755 - Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (b. 1675)

 

 

 

1868 - Leon Foucaultdiscovers 1st physical proof of Earth’s rotationdies

 

 

 

 

 

1870 - Jacob M de Kempenaer, Dutch min of Internal Aff (1848-49), dies at 76

1879 - Willem J van Zeggelen, Dutch author/novelist/writer, dies at 67

1899 - George Morgan, 1st English motorist to die in an motor accident, dies

1911 - Albert von Rothschild, baron/Austrian banker, dies at 66

1923 - Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (b. 1847)

1931 - Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76

1931 - Charles Parsons, inventor of the steam turbine, dies

1948 - Sergy Eisenstein, film director, dies at 50

1959 - Marshall Teague, American race car driver (b. 1922)

1961 - Patrice Lumumba, 1st premier Congo, murdered at 34

1963 - Sylvia Plath, poet/novelist (Ariel), kills herself in London at 30

1975 - Richard Ratsimandrava, Malagasy soldier and statesman, assassinated (b. 1931)

1976 - Lee J Cobb, actor (12 Angry Men, On the Waterfront), dies at 64

1976 - Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (b. 1894)

1982 - Victor Jory, Alaskan actor (Kings Row, Manhunt), dies at 79

1985 - Henry Hathaway, actor/director (Nob Hill), dies of heart attack at 86

1985 - Ben Abruzzo, American businessman and balloonist (b. 1930)

 

 

 

1986 - Frank Herbertsci-fi author (Dune), dies at 65

 

 

 

 

 

1991 - Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building), dies at 90

1993 - George A Stephen, inventor (Weber Kettle Grill), dies at 71

1993 - Oksana Kostina, Russian gymnist, dies in an auto accident

1994 - Antonio Martin, Spanish cyclist, dies in cycling accident at 23

1994 - Sorrell Brooke, actor (Mayor Hogg-Dukes of Hazzard), dies at 64

1994 - William Conrad, actor (Cannon), dies of a heart attack at 73

1996 - Bob Shaw, science fiction writer, dies of cancer at 64

2000 - Roger Vadim, French director (b. 1928)

 

 

 

2005 - Jack L. ChalkerAmerican sci-fi  author (b. 1944)

 

 

 

 

 

2006 - Peter Benchley, American author, dies at 65

2010 - Alexander McQueen, English fashion designer (b. 1969)

2012 - Whitney Houston, American singer and actress, dies from an accidental drowning at age 48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

60 - St Paul thought to have been shipwrecked at Malta

1098 - Crusaders defeat Prince Redwan of Aleppo at Antioch

1355 - The St. Scholastica’s Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.

1535 - 12 nude anabaptists run through Amsterdam streets

 

 

 

1676 - Wampanoag Indians under King Philip kill all men in Lancaster Mass

 

 

 

 

 

1720 - Edmund Halley appointed 2nd Astronomer Royal of England

1763 - Treaty of Paris ends French-Indian War, surrendering Canada to England

1774 - Andrew Becker demonstrates diving suit

 

 

 

1814 - Napoleonic WarsBattle of Champaubert

 

 

 

 

 

1824 - Simon Bolivar named dictator by the Congress of Peru

 

 

 

1846 - British defeat Sikhs in battle of SobraonIndia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1855 - US citizenship laws amended all children of US parents born abroad granted US citizenship

1859 - Gen Horsford defeats Begum of Oude & Nana Sahib in Indian mutiny

1863 - 1st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia

1868 - Conservatives & military, seize Convention Hall in Florida

1870 - City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)

1879 - 1st electric arc light used (California Theater)

1879 - Henry Morton Stanley departs to the Congo

1883 - Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee Wisc, kills 71

1897 - NY Times begins using slogan “All the News That’s Fit to Print”

1904 - Japan & Russia declares war after Japan’s surprise attack on Russian fleet at Port Arthur disabled 7 Russian warships

1906 - Britain’s 1st modern & largest battleship “HMS Dreadnought” launched

1923 - Ink paste manufactured for 1st time by Standard Ink Company

1933 - -54°F (-48°C), Seneca, Oregon (state record)

1933 - Delivery of 1st singing telegram (Postal Telegram Co NYC)

1934 - 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine

1934 - Byrd souvenir sheet issued, NYC; 1st unperforated ungummed US stamp

1935 - 1st US streamlined electric RR engine begins service

1935 - Pennsylvania RR begins passenger service on new electric locomotive

1938 - King Carol II of Romania drives out dictator Goga

1940 - “In The Mood” by Glenn Miller hits #1

 

 

 

1940 - Tom & Jerry created by Hanna & Barbera debut by MGM

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1941 - Anti-nazi “Het Parool” begins publishing in Netherlands

1942 - Glenn Miller awarded 1st ever gold disc for selling 1 million copies of “Chattanooga Choo Choo”

1943 - 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia

1943 - Van der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau

1944 - Belgium resistance fighter/author Kamiel van Baelen arrested

1944 - U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland

1948 - Greek Gen Markos’ guerrilla army bombs Saloniki

1954 - Eisenhower warns against US intervention in Vietnam

1956 - “My Friend Flicka” premieres on CBS (later NBC) TV

1959 - Tornado in St Louis kills 19 & injures 265

1962 - USSR swaps spy Francis Gary Power to US for Rudolph Abel

1963 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Lorraine Hanlon

1963 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Thomas Litz

1964 - Australian destroyer “Voyager” sinks in collision, killing 82

1964 - Destroyer Voyager sinks off Australia after colliding with aircraft carrier Melbourne

1967 - 25th Amendment (Presidential Disability & Succession) in effect

1968 - “Spooky” by Classics IV hits #3

1968 - Peggy Fleming wins Olympic figure skating gold medal, Grenoble, France

1969 - LSU Pete Maravich scores 66, despite losing to Tulane 101-94

1970 - 26.4 cm precipitation falls on Mount Washington NH (state record)

1970 - Dry powder avalanche moving at 120 mph smashes into youth hostel killing 40 Belgian, French, & German youths (Val d’Isere, France)

1971 - American Mensa, Ltd incorporates in NY

1971 - Royal Albert Hall bans scheduled concert featuring Frank Zappa

1973 - 83m wide gas tank on Staten Island explodes, 40 die

1974 - Iran/Iraqi border fight breaks out

1974 - Silver futures hit record $4.81½ an ounce in London

1977 - Yehonathan Netanyou Lane in the Bronx named in honor of Bronx-born

1977 - Israeli soldier who died freeing hostages in Entebee Raid (1976)

1978 - Frank C Carlucci succeeds John F Blake as deputy director of CIA

1981 - 8 killed & 198 injured by fire at Las Vegas Hilton

1982 - 28 skiers perform backflips while holding hands, Bromont, Quebec

1987 - Philippine troops murder 17 civilians-Lupao Massacre

1988 - 3-judge panel of 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals in SF strikes down Army’s ban on homosexuals (later overturned by appeal)

1989 - Miami Vice’s 100th episode seen on TV

1989 - Ron Brown chosen 1st black chairman of a major US party (Democrats)

1989 - Tony Robinson of Jamaica becomes Nottingham’s 1st black sheriff

1990 - Pierrer Water pulls product from shelf due to benzine in water

1990 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Jill Trenary

1992 - Bonnie Blair wins 1992 Olympics 1st gold medal for USA

1992 - Mike Tyson convicted of raping Desiree Washington in Indiana

1995 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Nicole Bobek

1996 - IBM’s Deep Blue defeats chess champ Gary Kasparov

1997 - Comet Shoemaker-Holt 2 Closest Approach to Earth (1.9245 AU)

1997 - Soyuz TM-25 launches to the MIR

1997 - Lemrick Nelson found guilty in the fatal stabbing on Hasidic Jew Yankel Rosenbaum in Crown Heights Brooklyn in 1991

1998 - AOL raises monthly flat rate internet access from $19.95 to $21.95

1998 - Olympic figure skater Peggy Fleming undergoes breast cancer surgery

1998 - Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon that law.

2008 - The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damages Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea.

 

 

Births

1499 - Thomas Platter, Swiss humanist (d. 1582)

1524 - Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (d. 1580)

1670 - Norbert van Flowers, [Cephalus], Flemish painter

1686 - Johann F Gronovius, Dutch physician/botany

1728 - Peter III Feodorovich, German/Russian czar of Russia (1761-62)

1807 - Abner Clark Harding, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1874

1818 - Isham Green Harris, Gov (Confederacy), died in 1897

1821 - William Read Scurry, (Confederate Army Brigadier General, died in 1864)

1824 - Samuel Plimsoll, Bristol England, inventor (Plimsoll line for ships)

1846 - Mildred Childe “Life” Lee, daughter of confederate General Robert E Lee

1846 - Charles Beresford, British admiral and politician (d. 1919)

1846 - Ira Remsen, American chemist (d. 1927)

1880 - Jesse G Vincent, Arkansas, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine

1890 - Boris Pasternak, Moscow, Russian novelist/poet (Dr Zhivago, Nobel 1958)

1890 - Fanny Kaplan, failed assassin of Vladimir Lenin. (d. 1918)

1892 - Alan Hale, [Rufus A Mackahan], Wash DC, actor (Little John-Robin Hood)

1893 - Jimmy Durante, NYC, long-nosed comedian (and goodnight Mrs Calabash)

1897 - John Franklin Enders, Conn, microbiologist (polio-Nobel 1954)

1898 - Bertolt Brecht, Germany, playwright (Mother Courage)/composer

1902 - Stella Adler, NY, actress (My Girl Tisa)

1902 - Walter H Brattain, Amoy China, US physicist (Nobel 1956-transistor)

1906 - Lon Chaney Jr, Oklahoma City Oklahoma, actor (Hawkeye, Pistols ‘n’ Petticoats)

1910 - Dominique Pire, Belgium, educator, aided WW II refugees (Nobel 1958)

1913 - Philippa Bevans, actress (Notorious Landlady, World of Henry Orient)

1920 - Alexander Comfort, English poet/writer (Wreath for the Living)

1927 - Leontyne Mary Violet Price, Laurel Miss, opera soprano (Porgy & Bess)

1927 - Nigel Bagnall, British field marshal

1928 - Hans Nielsen, Denmark, lightweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1924)

1929 - Hallgeir Brenden, Norway, 15K/18K cross country (Oly-gold-1952, 56)

1929 - Jerry Goldsmith, pianist/composer (Twilight Zone)

 

 

 

1929 - Jim Whittakermountain climber (1st American to climb Mt Everest)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 - Robert Wagner, Detroit Mich, actor (It Takes a Thief, Hart to Hart)

1932 - Rockin Dopsie Sr, [Alton Jay Rubin], Jazz-Fusion singer (Zydeco)

1937 - Don Wilson, rock guitarist (Ventures-Walk Don’t Run, Batman Theme)

1937 - Yuriy Poyarkov, USSR, volleyball player (Oly-2 gold/1 silver-1964-72)

1939 - Boris Pickett, vocalist (Monster Mash)

1939 - Roberta Flack, NC, vocalist (If Ever I Saw Your Face)

1940 - Mary Rand-Bignal-Toomey, England, long jumper (Olympic-gold-1964)

1940 - Peter Middleton, CEO (Lloyd’s)

1941 - Michael Apted, director/researcher (Granada TV)

1942 - Jimmy Merchant, rock vocalist (Frankie Lymon & Teenagers-Why Do Fools)

1944 - Peter Allen, Australia, vocalist/pianist (I Go to Rio, Legs Diamond)

1944 - Frank Keating, American politician

1947 - Butch Morris, American jazz cornetist and composer

1949 - Harold Sylvester, American actor

1950 - Gail Rebuck, CEO (Random House)

 

 

 

1950 - Mark SpitzModesto Californiaswimmer (Oly-9 gold/silver/bronze-68, 72)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1951 - Roxanne Pulitzer, Glendale California, author (Prize Pulitzer)

1951 - Robert Iger, American entertainment executive

1953 - John Shirley, US, sci-fi author (Eclipse Penumbra, Eclipse Corona)

1955 - Greg Norman, Queensland, Australia, PGA golfer (1984 Kemper)

1955 - Chris Adams, British pro wrestler and judoka (d. 2001)

1955 - Jim Cramer, American television personality

1961 - George Stephanopoulos, presidential adviser (Clinton)

1962 - Cliff Burton, rocker (Metallica)

1962 - Jean-Marie Banos, Lavelanet France, Canada sabre (Oly-9/10-88, 92, 96)

1962 - Bobby Czyz, American boxer

1963 - Lenny Dykstra, centerfielder (NY Met, Philadelphia Phillies)

1964 - Mir Aimal Kansi, Quetta Pakistan, murderer (FBI Most Wanted)

1964 - Sam Graddy, Gaffney SC, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1964 - Glenn Beck, American radio and television host

1964 - Arthur Lenk, Israeli diplomat

1967 - Laura Dern, Los Angeles, California, American actress (Jurassic Park, Mask, Smooth Talk)

1967 - Armand Serrano, Filipino animator

1967 - Jacky Durand, French cyclist

 

 

 

1969 - Laurie DhueAmerican television personality

 

 

 

 

 

1970 - Brendan Eppert, St Louis Mo, speed skater (Olympics-1994)

1970 - Nobushige Kumakubo, Japanese racing driver

1970 - Myrea Pettit, British illustrator

1971 - Louie Spicolli, American wrestler (d. 1998)

1972 - Sara Simmons, Belmont Mass, rower (Olympics-96)

1974 - Tanoai Reed, American stunt performer

1975 - Amber Frey, American witness in the Scott Peterson case

1977 - Stephanie Ann Foisy, Concord NH, Miss America-NH (1996)

1978 - Lorna Bailey, English ceramic designer

1979 - Ross Powers, American snowboarder

1981 - Holly Willoughby, British TV presenter

1981 - Tholomew Plague, drummer (Avenged Sevenfold)

1985 - Anette Sagen, Norwegian ski jumper

1991 - Emma Roberts, American actress

 

 

Deaths

1126 - William IX, Duke of Aquitaine, poet (b. 1071)

1162 - King Baldwin III of Jerusalem, son of King Fulco of Anjou/husband of Theodora, dies. (b. 1130)

1242 - Emperor Shijō of Japan (b. 1231)

1278 - Margaret II of Flanders (b. 1202)

1482 - Luca della Robbia, Italian sculptor (majolica reliefs), dies at 81

1495 - William Stanley, Engl lord chamberlain, executed for conspiracy

1567 - Lord Darnley Stuart, husband of English queen Mary, murdered

1678 - Philip Vingboons, Amsterdam’s master builder, buried

1686 - William Dugdale, Garter King of Arms (1677-86), dies

 

 

 

1722 - Bartholomew RobertsWelsh pirate (b. 1682)

 

 

 

 

 

1755 - MontesquieuFrench writer (b. 1689)

 

 

 

 

 

1758 - Thomas Ripley, English architect

1772 - Jozef Wenceslas, monarch of Liechtenstein/general, dies at 75

1857 - David Thompson, Canadian explorer (b. 1770)

1865 - Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (b. 1804)

1887 - Pieter JBCR van der Aa, Dutch geographer, dies at 54

1891 - Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1850)

1906 - Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician (b. 1827)

1912 - Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic), dies

1923 - Wilhelm Konrad von Rontgen, physicist (Nobel 1901), dies at 77

1943 - Wa’er, shot dead by Defiance

1944 - Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadi crater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)

1948 - Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), dies at 50

1952 - Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1880)

1957 - Laura Ingalls Wilder, US author (Little House on Praries), dies at 90

1964 - Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (b. 1905)

1992 - Alex Haley, US writer (Autobiography of Malcolm X, Roots), dies at 70

1995 - Louis Sen A Kaw, Suriname’s great dam builder, dies at 75

2000 - Jim Varney, American actor (b. 1949)

2001 - Abraham Beame, Mayor of New York City (b. 1906)

2001 - George Holmes Tate, American jazz saxophonist and clarinetist (b. 1913)

2002 - Traudl Junge, Adolf Hitler’s secretary (b. 1920)

 

 

 

2002 - Dave Van RonkAmerican folk singer/songwriter (b. 1936)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

2003 - Ron Ziegler, press secretary to Richard Nixon (b. 1939)

2005 - Arthur Miller, American playwright, dies at 89

2008 - Roy Scheider, American Actor (b. 1932)

2008 - Steve Gerber, American comics writer (b. 1947)

2009 - Jeremy Lusk, American freestyle motocross racer (b. 1984)

2012 - Geoffrey Cornish, Canadian golf course architect, dies at 97

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.

1267 - Synod of Breslau orders Jews of Silesia to wear special caps

1499 - France & Venice sign treaty against Milan

1537 - Pope Paul III routes Cardinal Pole to England

1540 - The 1st recorded race meet in England (Roodee Fields, Chester)

1554 - Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated

1555 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake.

1574 - Louis of Nassau ends siege of Maastricht

1674 - English reconquer NY from Netherlands

1775 - English Parliament declares Mass colony is in rebellion

1788 - Austria declares war on Russia

 

 

 

1799 - USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgente off Nevis, WI

 

 

 

 

 

1822 - American Indian Society organizes

1825 - House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US president

1861 - Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected president & VP of CSA

1861 - Tennessee votes against secession

1861 - Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states

1863 - Fire extinguisher patented by Alanson Crane

1870 - US Army establishes US National Weather Service

1886 - Pres Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence

1889 - The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.

1893 - Canal builder De Lesseps & others sentenced to prison for fraud

1895 - Volleyball invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts

1900 - Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup

1904 - Japan declares war on Russia

1906 - Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising

1909 - 1st federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium)

1909 - 1st forestry school is incorporated at Kent, Ohio

1913 - -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die

1916 - Britain’s military service act enforced (conscription)

1918 - Army chaplain school organizes at Ft Monroe Va

1922 - Snow on Mauna Loa, Hawaii

1923 - Soviet Aeroflot airlines forms

1926 - Teaching theory of evolution forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia schools

1932 - America enter Olympic 2-man bobsled competition for 1st time

1932 - US airship Columbia crashes during storm (Flushing, NY)

1933 - -63°F (-53°C), Moran, Wyoming (state record)

1934 - -14.3°F (-25.7°C), coldest day in New York City

1934 - -51°F (-46°C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)

1935 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson

1935 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee

1940 - Joe Louis beats Arturo Godoy in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1941 - British troops conquer El Agheila

1941 - Nazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish café Alcazar Amsterdam (Alcazar refused to hang “No Entry for Jews” signs in front of cafe)

1942 - Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US

1942 - Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes

1943 - FDR orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry

1943 - German riots at “plutocratenzoontjes,” 1,200 in Vught Camp

1943 - Japanese evacuate Guadalcanal, ends epic battle

1944 - U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland

1945 - -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen

1945 - WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire

1945 - The Battle of the Atlantic the HMS Venturer sinking U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.

1947 - Bank robber Willie Sutton escapes jail in Phila

1950 - Sen Joseph McCarthy charges State Dept infested with 205 communists

1951 - St Louis Browns sign pitcher Satchel Paige, 45

1953 - “Adventures of Superman” TV series premieres in syndication

1953 - General Walter Bedell Smith, USA, ends term as 4th director of CIA Allen W Dulles, becomes acting director of CIA

1955 - US federations of trade unions merge into AFL/CIO

1956 - -5°F (15°C) in Sicily

1959 - Coasters’s “Charlie Brown” peaks at #2

1963 - 1st flight of Boeing 727 jet

1963 - 7th largest snowfall in NYC history (42.4 cm, 16.7″)

1964 - 1st appearance of Beatles on “Ed Sullivan Show” (73.7 million viewers)

1964 - 9th Winter Olympic games close at Innsbruck, Austria

1964 - GI Joe character created

1966 - Dow-Jones Index hits record 995 points

1969 - Boeing 747 made its 1st commercial flight

1969 - World’s largest airplane, Boeing 747, makes 1st commercial flight

1971 - Apollo 14 returns to Earth

1971 - Probably 1st gay theme TV episode – All in the Family

1971 - Satchel Paige becomes 1st negro-league player elected to baseball HOF

1972 - Brit government declares state of emergency after month-long miners’ strike

 

 

 

1974 - “The Americans (A Canadian’s Opinion)” by Gordon Sinclair peaks at #24

 

The True Story of how
“The Americans” came to be and the
magnificent events that followed its
original broadcast

 

” On June 5, 1973, Gordon Sinclair sat up in bed in Toronto and turned on his TV set. The United States had just pulled out of the Vietnamese War which had ended in a stalemate – a war fought daily on TV, over the radio and in the press. The aftermath of that war resulted in a world-wide sell-off of American investments, prices tumbled, the United States economy was in trouble. The war had also divided the American people, and at home and abroad it seemed everyone was lambasting the United States.

  He turned on his radio, twisted the dial and turned it off. He picked up the morning paper. In print, he saw in headlines what he had found on TV and radio – the Americans were taking a verbal beating from nations around the world. Disgusted with what he saw and heard, he was outraged!

  At 10:30, on his arrival at CFRB to prepare his two pre-noon broadcasts, he strode into his office and “dashed-off” two pages in 20 minutes for LET’S BE PERSONAL at 11:45 am, and then turned to writing his 11:50 newscast that was to follow. At 12:01 pm, the script for LET’S BE PERSONAL was dropped on the desk of his secretary who scanned the pages for a suitable heading and then wrote “Americans”” across the top and filed it away. The phones were already ringing.

  Gordon Sinclair could not have written a book that could have had a greater impact in the world than his two-page script for THE AMERICANS. A book should have been written on the events that followed. But, no one at CFRB, including Sinclair himself, could have envisioned the reaction of the people of the United States – from presidents – state governors – Congress – the Senate – all media including TV, radio, newspapers, magazines – and from the “ordinary” American on the street. Nor, could have the Canadian government – stunned by the response to what has come to be regarded as one of Canada’s greatest public relations feats in the history of our relations with the United States of America.” 

Read The Rest

 

 

 

 

1974 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill

1974 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr

1980 - Rick Barry, Houston, is 1st in NBA to score 8, 3-pt goals in a game

1983 - Belgium buys 44 F-16s

1986 - Halley’s Comet reaches 30th perihelion (closest approach to Sun)

1986 - Tomb of Tutanchamon’s treasurer Maya found in Egypt

1986 - West German team swims world record 4×200 m freestyle (7:05.17)

1987 - Former national security adviser Robert McFarlane attempts suicide

1987 - NY Stock Exch installs ladies restroom in the Exchange Luncheon Club

1990 - Galileo flies by Venus

1991 - Terry Norris knocks down Sugar Ray Leonard twice & beats him

1991 - US Supreme Court agrees to hear Joseph Doherty case

1992 - Fastest yodeler-22 tones/15 falsetto in 1 sec by Thomas School of Germ

1992 - Heike Henkel high jumps female indoor world record (2.07m)

1992 - Jani Sievinen swims world record 400m medley (4:07.10)

1993 - Army of opium king Khun Sa kills 60 in NE Burma

1994 - Israeli minister Shimon Perez signs accord with PLO’s Arafat

1995 - Irina Privalova runs female world record 50m (5.96 sec)

1996 - The Irish Republican Army declares the end of its 18 month ceasefire shortly followed by a large bomb in London’s Canary Wharf.

1997 - Fox cartoon series “Simpsons” airs 167th episode the longest-running animated series in cartoon history

1998 - Failed assassination attempt on Georgian Pres Eduard Shevardnadze

2001 - The American submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Ehime-Maru, a Japanese training vessel operated by the Uwajima Fishery High School.

 

 

 

Births

1404 - Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor

1441 - Ali Sjir Neva’i [Fani], Turkish poet/author (Mahbub al-kulub)

1533 - Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai (d. 1611)

1579 - John Meursius, [van Meurs], Dutch historian

1602 - Franciscus van de Enden, Flemish jesuit/free thinker/tutor of Spinoza

1666 - George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (d. 1737)

1748 - Luther Martin, American patriot (d. 1826)

 

 

 

1773 - William Henry HarrisonVa, (Whigs9th Pres (March 4-April 4, 1841)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1775 - Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungary, mathematician (parallel axiom)

1781 - Johann Baptist von Spix, German scientist (d. 1826)

1789 - Franz Xaver Gabelsberger, German inventor of the stenography (d. 1849)

1814 - Samuel Jones Tilden, philanthropist for NY Public Library

1822 - Charles T Stork, Dutch industrialist

1826 - John Alexander Logan, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886

1830 - Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)

1846 - Wilhelm Maybach, German engineer, designer of 1st Mercedes

1846 - Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (d. 1904)

1871 - Howard T Ricketts, US pathologist (studied typhus fever)

1876 - Martin Stixrud, Norway, figure skater (Olympic-bronze-1920)

1879 - Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist

1880 - Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)

1891 - Ronald Colman, England, 1947 Acad Award actor (Tale of 2 Cities)

1897 - Charles Edward Kingsford-Smith, pioneer Australian aviator

1901 - Brian Donlevy, Ireland, actor (Barbary Coast, Glass Key, Wake Island)

1908 - Jackie Fields, US, featherweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1924)

1909 - Carmen Miranda, Brazil, vocalist/actress (Copacabana, Date With Judy)

1909 - Dean Rusk, US Secretary of State (1961-69)

1910 - Jacques Monod, French biochemist

1911 - William Darby, American WWII Army officer (d. 1945)

1912 - Hubert William Dean, air armaments specialist

1913 - Leo van der Kar, masseur/businessman/founder (Sports funds)

1914 - Bill “Rhymes with Wreck” Veeck, baseball club owner

1914 - Ernest Tubb, Tx, guitarist/singer (I’m Walking the Floor over You)

1914 - Gypsy Rose Lee, Seattle Wash, stripper (or 0109 or 0208)

1914 - Max Manus, resistance fighter

1921 - B M Ducat-Amos, Air Commandant/director (RAF Nursing Service)

1923 - Brendan Behan, Dublin Ireland, author/poet (Hostage)

1923 - Kathryn Grayson, NC, vocalist/actress (Anchors Aweigh, Kiss Me Kate)

1923 - Norman E Shumway, Mich, pioneer cardiac transplant surgeon

1925 - Burkhard Heim, German physicist (d. 2001)

1927 - Donald Miller, CEO (Scottish Power)

1928 - Roger Mudd, Wash DC, news ancher (CBS Weekend News, NBC Evening News)

 

 

 

1928 - Frank FrazettaAmerican illustrator

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 - Garner Ted Armstrong, American evangelist (d. 2003)

1936 - Clive Swift, Liverpool, actor (Frenzy, Passage to India)

1937 - Johnny Sayles, US vocalist (You Made Me Wiggle)

1937 - Clete Boyer, American baseball player (d. 2007)

1942 - Carole King, [Klein], Brooklyn NY, pianist/singer (Tapestry)

1942 - Peder Lunde Jr, Norway, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1960)

1943 - Joe Pesci, Newark NJ, actor (Half Nelson, Goodfellas)

1943 - Jonny Nilsson, Sweden, 10K speed skater (Olympic-gold-1964)

1943 - Joseph E. Stiglitz, American economist, Nobel laureate

1944 - Alice Walker, US, novelist (Color Purple, Meridian)

1946 - Jim Webb, United States Senator from Virginia

1947 - Joe Ely, Amarillo Tx, country vocalist (Honky Tonk Masquerade)

1947 - Major Harris, US R&B-singer (Love won’t Let me wait)

1949 - Judith Light, Trenton NJ, (Angela-Who’s the Boss, 1 Life to Live)

1951 - Penny Peyser, Irvington NY, actress (Rich Man Poor Man, Knots Landing)

1952 - Mookie Wilson, American baseball player

1954 - Christopher Gardner, American entrepreneur

1954 - Kevin Warwick, Cyborg Scientist

1955 - Jm J Bullock, Casper Wyoming, actor (Monroe-Too Close for Comfort)

1960 - Peggy A Whitson, Mt Ayr Iowa, PhD/astronaut

1960 - Holly Johnson, Liverpool England, rock vocalist (Frankie Goes To Hollywood)

1963 - Travis Tritt, Marietta Ga, country vocalist (Country Club)

1963 - Brian Greene, American physicist

1965 - Igor Malkov, Russian speedskater

1966 - James “Rachel” Bolan, Pt Pleasant NJ, rocker (Skid Row-Psycho Love)

1968 - Alejandra Guzmán, Mexican singer

1969 - Peta Edebone, Australian softball outfielder (Olympics-bronze-96)

 

 

 

1973 - Amber VallettaPhoenix AZmodel (Face, House of Style, Bazaar)

 

 

 

 

 

1973 - Svetlana Boginskaya, Soviet gymnast

1978 - Airton Daré, Brazilian racing driver

1981 - Joël Camathias, Swiss racing driver

1981 - John Walker Lindh, American Taliban fighter

1986 - Princess Raiyah bint Al Hussein, of Jordan

1987 - Magdalena Neuner, German biathlete

1989 - Wu Chia-ching, Taiwanese pool player

 

 

Deaths

1011 - Bernard I, Duke of Saxony

 

 

 

1199 - Minamoto no YoritomoJapanese shogun (b. 1147)

 

 

 

 

 

1450 - Agnès Sorel, mistress of King Charles VII of France (b. 1421)

1555 - John Hooper, deprived Bishop of Gloucester, burnt for heresy

1555 - Rowland Taylor, English pastor (executed) (b. 1510)

1567 - Henry Stuart, earl of Darnley/Consort of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered

1583 - Jeseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake

1588 - Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish admiral, dies

1640 - Murad IV, sultan of Turkey (1623-40), dies in Baghdad at 27

1709 - François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (b. 1664)

1752 - Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (b. 1722)

 

 

 

1777 - Seth PomeroyAmerican gunsmith and soldier (b. 1706)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1811 - Nevil Maskelyne, 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811), dies

1846 - Henry Gally Knight, architect/writer, dies

1881 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59

1932 - Junnosuke Inouye, Japanese minister of Finance, murdered

1938 - Truby King, pioneer of mothercraft, dies

1943 - … Reydons, wife of General Reydons, shot to death by resistance

1945 - George J L Maduro, resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau

1945 - Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26

1951 - Eddy Duchin, American musician (b. 1910)

1957 - Miklos Horthy von Nagybanya, Hung admiral/regent (1920-44), dies at 88

1966 - Sophie Tucker, Russ/US singer/actress (My Yiddish Mama), dies at 79

1969 - [George] Gabby Hayes, actor (Albuquerque, Colorado), dies at 83

1973 - Max Yasgur, owner Woodstock-festival farmland, dies at 53

1976 - Percy Faith, Canadian musician (b. 1908)

1977 - Gaus, an orangautan who lived to be 59

1977 - Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin), dies at 82

1978 - Kimberly Leach, killed by Ted Bundy in Lake City Fla at 12

1978 - Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (b. 1893)

1979 - Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)

1981 - Bill Haley, vocalist (Rock Around Clock), dies of heart attack at 55

1984 - Yuri Andropov, Gen Sec of Soviet Communist Party (1982-84), dies at 69

1989 - Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (b. 1928)

1991 - James Cleveland, American gospel singer (b. 1931)

1993 - Nasrullah Mansoor, Afghan guerilla leader/governor of Paktia, dies

1994 - Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1934)

1995 - David Wayne, [Wayne Mcmeekan], US actor (Dallas), dies at 81

1996 - Adolf Galland, general (Luftwaffe), dies at 83

1996 - Alistair Cameron Crombie, historian of science, dies at 80

1998 - Laxness, Iceland’s Nobel Literature laureate, dies at 95

2001 - Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1916)

2002 - Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom (b. 1930)

2006 - Freddie Laker, British airline entrepreneur (b. 1922)

2010 - Phil Harris, American fisherman from Discovery Channel’s Deadliest Catch (b. 1956)

2010 - Walter Frederick Morrison, American inventor (b. 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

421 - Flavius Constantine becomes Co-Emperor as Emperor Constantius III of the Western Roman Empire with Honorius

1526 - Heavy storm strikes Dutch coast, many die

1575 - University Leiden founded, and given the motto “Praesidium Libertatis”

1600 - Vatican convicts scholar Giordano Bruno to death

1601 - Earl Robert Devereux of Essex armies draws into London

1622 - King James I disbands the English parliament

1672 - Isaac Newton reads 1st optics paper before Royal Society in London

1690 - French & Indian troops set Schenectady settlement NY on fire

 

 

 

1693 - William & Mary college is 2nd college chartered in US

 

 

 

 

 

1743 - Comet C/1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth

1807 - Napoleon defeats Russians in battle of Eylau

1855 - The Devil’s Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon.

1861 - Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Ala

1862 - Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound

1865 - 1st black major in US army, Martin Robinson Delany

1879 - Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.

1883 - Louis Waterman begins experiments to invents fountain pen

1887 - Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn became the 1st US ski club

1887 - Under the Dawes Act indians living apart from tribe granted citizenship

1887 - The Dawes Act authorized the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.

1894 - Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks

1896 - Western Conference forms of Midwestern U, later renamed Big 10 Conf

1898 - John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding & gumming mach (Mass)

1904 - Russo-Japanese War begins

1905 - Cyclone hit Tahiti & adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people

 

 

 

1910 - The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.

 

 

 

 

 

1911 - US helps overthrow Pres Miguel Devila of Honduras

1915 - “Birth of a Nation” opens at Clune’s Auditorium in LA

1916 - French cruiser “Admiral Charner” torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374

1918 - “Stars & Stripes,” weekly US armed forces newspaper, 1st published

1920 - Swiss men vote against women’s suffrage

1923 - Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120

1925 - Marcus Garvey enters federal prison in Atlanta

1926 - Walt Disney Studios forms

1928 - 1st transatlantic TV image received, Hartsdale, NY

1928 - Scottish inventor J Blaird demonstrates color-TV

1930 - “Happy Days Are Here Again” by Benny Mereoff hits #1

1931 - Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000

1933 - -23°F (-31°C), Seminole, Texas (state record)

1933 - 1st flight of all-metal Boeing 247

 

 

 

1934 - Export-Import Bank organizes in WashingtonDC

 

 

 

 

 

1936 - 1st ski jumping tournament, Red Wing, Minn

1936 - Pandit Jawaharlal follows Gandhi as chairman of India Congress Party

1940 - Lodtz, 1st large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland

1941 - Japanese armored barges cross Strait of Johore to attack Singapore

1942 - Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn’t oppose the US war effort

1943 - Red Army recaptures Kursk

1944 - 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin

1944 - U-762 sunk off Ireland

1945 - Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald

1946 - Premier Salazar of Portugal forbids opposition parties

1947 - Jan van der Hoorn wins 8th Dutch 11-cities skating race (10:51)

1948 - 5th Winter Olympic games close at St Moritz, Switzerland

1955 - Malenkov resigns as USSR premier, Bulganin replaces him

1955 - The Government of Sindh abolished Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km²) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.

1958 - French planes bomb Sakiet Tunisia, 75 die

1960 - Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name “Mountbatten-Windsor”.

1965 - Supremes release “Stop In the Name of Love”

1967 - Longest losing streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (10 games)

1967 - Peter (Asher) & Gordon (Waller) discontinue their singing partnership

1968 - Officers kill 3 students demonstrating in SC State (Orangeburg)

1969 - Meteorite weighing over 1 ton falls in Chihuahua, Mexico

1971 - South Vietnamese troops invade Laos

1973 - Senate names 7 members to investigate Watergate scandal

1974 - “Good Times,” debuts on CBS TV

1974 - Ringo releases “You’re 16″

1974 - Skylab 4′s astronauts land

1974 - Soap opera “Secret Storm” ends a 20 year run

1975 - 1800 Unification church couples’ wed in Korea

1978 - Proceedings of the United States Senate are broadcast on radio for the first time.

1981 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Elaine Zayak

1981 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton

1982 - Dodgers trade Davey Lopes to A’s breaking up the longest-playing infield (Cey-Russell-Lopes-Garvey)

1983 - Wayne Gretzky sets NHL all star record of 4 goals in 1 period

1983 - Champion thoroughbred Shergar kidnapped in Ireland; never found Lloyds of London pays $10.6 million insurance

1984 - 14th Winter Olympic games opens in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia

1984 - 1st time 8 people in space

1984 - Soyuz T-10 launches with crew of 3 to Salyut 7

1985 - Michael Gross swims world record 800m freestyle (7:38.75)

1986 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano

 

 

 

1986 - 1984 Summer Olympics head of the LAPD bomb squadArleigh McCree, and his partner Officer Ronald Ball of the Firearms and explosives unit were killed while trying to dismantle two pipe bombs when they responded to a callMcCree was recognized as one of the top explosive experts in the world.

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1988 - NASA launches DOD-2

1991 - Roger Clemens signs record $5,380,250 per year Red Sox contract

1992 - 16th Winter Olympic games opens in Albertville, France

1992 - Ulysses spacecraft passes Jupiter

1993 - GM sues NBC, alleging that “Dateline NBC” program had rigged 2 car-truck crashes to show that 1973-87 GM pickups were prone to fires

1994 - Jack Nicholson uses a golf club to attack a car

1994 - Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee charge with possession of loaded firearm

1996 - The U.S. Congress passes the Communications Decency Act.

2005 - Israel and Palestinians agree to cease-fire.

2008 - Nebraska bans electric chair as sole execution method.

 

 

Births

412 - St Proclus, patriarch of Constantinople

1191 - Yaroslav II of Russia (d. 1246)

1291 - Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57)

1487 - Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1550)

1552 - Agrippa d’Aubigné, French poet and soldier (d. 1630)

1577 - Robert Burton, writer, Anglican clergyman (Anatomy of Melancholy)

1612 - Samuel Butler, England, poet/satirist (Hudibras) (baptized)

1649 - Gabriel Daniel, French Jesuit historian (d. 1728)

1685 - Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (d. 1770)

1720 - Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1750)

1795 - Friedlieb F Runge, German chemist (Chinoline)

1804 - Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer (d. 1834)

1807 - Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, English sculptor and naturalist (d. 1889)

1811 - Edwin Denison Morgan, Sect of War (Confederacy), died in 1883

1817 - Richard Stoddert Ewell, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1872

1819 - John Ruskin, writer/critic/artist/Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)

 

 

 

1820 - William Tecumseh ShermanMajor General (Union Army), died in 1891

 

 

 

 

 

1824 - Barnard Elliot Bee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861

 

 

 

1828 - Jules VerneFrancepioneered sci-fi (From the Earth to the Moon)

 

 

 

 

 

1882 - George Siegmann, actor (Birth of Nation, Queen of Sheba, Oliver Twist)

1882 - Thomas Selfridge, First person to die in an airplane crash (d. 1908).

1883 - Joseph A Schumpeter, Austria/US economist/minister of finance

1886 - Charlie Ruggles, LA California, actor (Ruggles, Aesop-Bullwinkle Show)

1895 - King Vidor, director (War & Peace, Stella Dallas)

1906 - Chester F Carlson, inventor (photocopy)

1911 - Anne Aitken, [nee Hopkins], Chicago, co-found (Diamond Sangha)

1911 - Elizabeth Bishop, US poet (North & South)/Pulitzer Prize (1956)

1911 - Henri Knap, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist/writer

1913 - John Grandy, Brits RAF-marshal

1918 - John Intoxication, resistance fighter

1919 - Buddy Morrow, orchestra leader (Jimmie Rodgers Show)

1920 - Lana Turner, Wallace Idaho, actress (Survivors, Falcon Crest)

1922 - Joeri Averbach, Russian chess grandmaster

1924 - Audrey Meadows, Wu Chang China, actress (Alice-Honeymooners)

 

 

 

1925 - Jack LemmonBoston Massactor (Days of Wine & RosesMissing)

 

 

 

 

 

1925 - Raimondo d’Inzeo, It, equestrian (Oly-gold/2 silver/3 bronze-1948-76)

1926 - Neal Cassady, American writer (d. 1968)

1927 - Stanley Baker, Ferndale Wales, actor (Concrete Jungle, Zorro, Zulu)

1930 - Alejandro Rey, Buenos Aires, actor (Carlos-Flying Nun)

1930 - Catherine Hardy, Carollton Ga, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1952)

1930 - James Deetz, American anthropologist (d. 2000)

1931 - James Dean, Marion IN, stage/film actor (Giant, Rebel Without a Cause)

1933 - Jack Larson, LA California, actor (Jimmy Olsen-Superman)

1934 - Galina Bystrova, USSR, pentathelete (1957, 58)

1934 - Nick Nolte, Omaha Nebr, actor (Teachers, 48 Hrs, Rich Man Poor Man)

1935 - Vincent Weir 3rd baron Inverforth, Scottish shipping magnate

1936 - Cletis Boyer, 3rd baseman (NY Yankees)

1938 - Ray Sharpe, singer

1940 - Ted Koppel, Lancashire England, American journalist (ABC Nightline)

1941 - Tom Rush, NH, rock guitarist/vocalist (Circle Game, Urge For Going)

1943 - Creed Bratton, California, rock guitarist (Grass Roots-Sooner or Later)

1946 - “Fito” Adolpho De La Parra, LA California, rocker (Canned Heat-Hot Money)

1946 - Paul Wheatbread, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)

1948 - Dan Seals, McCamey Texas, country singer (England Dan & John Ford Coley-You Still Move Me)

1949 - Brooke Adams, NYC, actress (Cynthia-OK Crackerby, Body Snatchers)

1949 - Scott Allen, USA, skater (Olympic-bronze-1964)

1950 - Jose Armando Lopez-Falcon, Cuba, cosmonaut

1950 - Ted Turner, rocker (Wishbone Ash)

1950 - Cristina Ferrare, American former supermodel and actress

1952 - Nancy Lord, Libertarian VP candidate (1992)

1953 - Mary Steenburgen, Newport Ark, actress (Parenthood, Time After Time)

1955 - John Grisham, writer (Client, Firm, Pelican Brief)

1959 - Irina Kalinina, USSR, springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1980)

1959 - Pamela Jean Bryant, Indianapolis In, playmate (April, 1978)

1960 - Alex Scott, British horse trainer

1960 - Linda Fratianne, LA California, figure skater (Olympic-silver-1980)

1961 - Sammy Llanas, rocker (Bodeans)

1961 - Vince Neil, American singer (Mötley Crüe)

1961 - Bruce Timm,TV Producer (DC Animated Universe)

1963 - Joshua Kadison, American pianist and songwriter

1966 - Gary Coleman, Zion Ill, American actor (Arnold-Diff’rent Strokes)

1968 - Joy Fawcett, Inglewood California, soccer defender (Olympics-96)

1970 - Alonzo Mourning, NBA center (Miami Heat, Charlotte Hornets)

1971 - Heidi Mark, Columbus OH, playmate (Jul, 1995)

1973 - Michelle Brogan, Australian basketball forward (Olympics-bronze-96)

1973 - Tom King, Australian 470 class yachter (Olympics-96)

1974 - Kimbo Slice, American mixed martial artist

1976 - Holly Manthei, Edina Minn, soccer midfielder/forward (Olympics-96)

1976 - Jim Parque, Norwalk California, baseball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)

1977 - Dave Farrell, American musician (Linkin Park)

1977 - Bridgette Kerkove, American actress

1978 - Christa Williams, Houston TX, softball pitcher (Olympics-gold-96)

1980 - Cameron Muncey, Australian guitarist (Jet)

1987 - Carolina Kostner, Italian European champion figure skater

 

 

Deaths

1124 - Stefanus of Thiers/Muret, founder of order of Grammond/saint, dies

1245 - Johannes de Rupella/de la Rochelle, French theologist, dies

 

 

 

1250 - Robert I of ArtoisFrench crusader (b. 1216)

 

 

 

 

 

1265 - Hulagu KhanMongol ruler (b. 1217)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1296 - King Przemysł II of Poland (b. 1257)

1303 - Nanshu, Zen teacher (Rinzai line)/founder (Zounan temple), dies

1513 - Alonso de Ojeda, Spanish explorer (Curacao & Bonaire), dies

1623 - Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (b. 1546)

1650 - John Adriaensz, hydraulic engineer (Haarlemmermeer), dies at about 74

1676 - Aleksei M Romanov, 1st Romanov-czar of Russia, dies at 46

1686 - Francois Tak, Dutch diplomat on Java, murdered

1691 - Carlo di Girolamo Rainaldi, Italian architect/composer, dies at 79

 

 

 

1725 - Peter the Great [Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov], tsar of Russia (1682-1725dies of uremia at 52

 

 

 

 

 

 

1768 - George Dance the Elder, English architect (b. 1695)

1771 - Augusta von Saxen-Gotha, German prince Frederick Louis of Wales, dies

1856 - Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist (b. 1773)

1878 - Elias M Fries, Swedish botanist (mycologicum), dies at 83

1884 - Arnold Henry Guyot, Swiss/US geologist/meteorologist, dies at 76

1907 - Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (fasenleer), dies at 52

1924 - Gee John, US mobster (1st executed in gas chamber-Nevada), dies

 

 

 

1932 - Vincent “Mad Dog” Collmobsterkilled by Dutch Schultz gang

 

 

 

 

 

1956 - Connie Mack, baseball manager (Phila A’s, 1901-50), dies at 93

1957 - John Von Neumann, astronomer, dies at 53

 

 

 

1959 - William J “Wild Bill” DonovanOffice Strategic ServicesMedal of Honor Recipient , dies at 76

 

DONOVAN, WILLIAM JOSEPH Photo

 

 

 

 

1960 - Giles Gilbert Scott, British architect (b. 1880)

1960 - John Langshaw Austin, British philosopher, (b. 1911)

1963 - Abdul Karim Kassem, PM of Iraq (58-63), assassinated in Baghdad at 48

1974 - Fritz Zwicky, Swiss/US astronomer (supernova), dies at 75

1975 - Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1886)

1982 - John Hay Whitney, US newspaper magnate, dies at 76

1985 - William Lyons, British automobile manufacturer, dies at 84

1987 - Harriet MacGibbon, actress (Mrs Drysdale-Beverly Hillbillies), dies

1990 - Del Shannon, rock vocalist (Runaway), shoots self at 50

1993 - Paul Brickhill, Dutch/US WW II pilot/physician, dies

1995 - B G Hooghoudt, radiotelescope build (Dwingeloo/Westerbork), dies at 70

1995 - William Fulbright, US politician, dies

1996 - Mercer Kennedy Ellington, trumpeter bandleader/composer, dies at 76

1998 - William Lambert, Pulitzer prize-winning reporter, dies at 78

1998 - Julian Lincoln Simon, American economist and author (b. 1932)

1998 - Enoch Powell, British Conservative MP and shadow cabinet member (b.1912)

1999 - Iris Murdoch, Irish author (b. 1919)

2001 - Ivo Caprino, Norwegian animated film director (b. 1920)

2002 - Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (b. 1930)

2004 - Julius Schwartz, American comic book and science fiction editor (b. 1915)

2005 - Keith Knudsen, American drummer, vocalist and songwriter (The Doobie Brothers) (b. 1948)

2007 - Anna Nicole Smith, Playboy playmate and tabloid fixture dies suddenly at 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

457 - Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.

1074 - Battle of Montesarchio in which the prince of Benevento, Pandulf IV, is killed battling the encroaching Normans.

 

 

 

1238 - The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1301 - Edward of Caernarion (later Edward II) becomes 1st prince of Wales

1522 - Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish/Austrian Branches

1569 - King Philip II forms inquistion in South America

1639 - Academie Francaise begins Dictionary of French Language

1795 - 11th Amendment to US Constitution ratified, affirms power of states

1812 - 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri

1812 - Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords

1839 - Henry Clay declares in Senate “I had rather be right than president”

1842 - Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.

1862 - Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC

1863 - HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.

1864 - Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida

1872 - Alcorn A & M College opens

1876 - Pres Grants private-secretary Orville acquitted in Whiskey Ring

1877 - 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)

 

 

 

1881 - Battle at IngogoTransvaalBoers beat superior British forces(8th)

 

 

 

 

 

1882 - Last bare knuckle champion John L Sullivan KOs Paddy Ryan in Miss

1883 - Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger

1889 - Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in SF

1891 - Great Blizzard of 1891 begins

1894 - The Cripple Creek miner’s strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.

1900 - British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal

1904 - Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks)

1907 - The Mud March was the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) at Venice”

1914 - Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, SF

1915 - 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received

1915 - 2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army

1928 - 1st solo England to Australia flight takes off (Bert Hinkler)

1935 - Monopoly invented by Charles Darrow symbol Rich Uncle Pennybags

1936 - Felix the Cat, Cartoon Character, by Van Beuren from Otto Messmer

1940 - British railroads nationalized

1940 - Walt Disney’s 2nd feature-length movie, “Pinocchio,” premieres (NYC)

1941 - Frank Sinatra & Tommy Dorsey orchestra record “Everything Happens to Me”

1942 - 1st indoor 15′ pole vault (Cornelius Warmerdam 15′ 3/8″)

1943 - Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)

1944 - Bing Crosby records “Swinging on a Star” for Decca Records

1944 - Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio Italy

1945 - General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila

1945 - Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court

1945 - US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer

1946 - Filibuster in US Senate kills FEPC bill

1947 - Arabs & Jews reject British proposal to split Palestine

1948 - Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as Army Chief of Staff

1949 - Joe DiMaggio becomes 1st $100,000/year baseball player (NY Yankees)

1956 - Autherine Lucy, 1st black admitted to U of Alabama, is expelled

1958 - 1st showing of DAF 600 auto

1958 - Dutch auto-transmission car DAF 600 introduced

1959 - Cessna lands in Las Vegas after 65 d without landing (refuels in air)

1959 - Dorothy Rigney sells White Sox to Bill Veeck for a reported $27M

1960 - Old handwriting found in at Qumran, near the Dead Sea

1962 - Gas explosion in Luisanthal coal mine Voelklingen Germany kills 298

1962 - President Kennedy begins blockade of Cuba

1962 - Sam Snead wins LPGA Royal Poinciano Plaza Golf Invitational

1962 - The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.

1964 - Baskin-Robbins introduces Beatle Nut ice cream

1964 - Beatles land at NY’s JFK airport, for 1st US tour

1965 - Cassius Clay becomes a Muslim & adopts the name Muhammad Ali

1965 - Operations begin at Grupo Folklorico Antiyano on Curacao

1965 - US begins regular bombing & strafing of N Vietnam

1967 - A fire at a restaurant in Montgomery, Alabama kills 25 people.

1969 - “This Is Tom Jones,” debuts on ABC TV

1969 - Diane Crump becomes 1st woman jockey at a major US racetrack (Hialeah)

1969 - The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is removed from service.

1970 - LSU’s “Pistol” Pete Marovich scores 69 pts in losing cause

1970 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1970 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood

1971 - Swiss men accept female suffrage

1974 - Grenada gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1974 - Mel Brooks’ “Blazing Saddles” opens in movie theaters

1976 - FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WCPR (Bkln NY)

1976 - World’s largest telescope (600 cm) begins operation (USSR)

1977 - Soyuz 24 launches with 2 cosmonauts

1978 - Ethiopian offensive in Ogaden desert

1979 - “Supertrain,” TV Anthology, Superbomb of 1979, debuts on NBC

1979 - Pink Floyd premiered their live version of “The Wall” in Los Angeles

1983 - 1st female secretary of transportation sworn-in (Elizabeth Dole)

 

 

 

1984 - Bruce McCandless makes 1st untethered space walk (US)

 

 

 

 

 

1984 - David (born without immunity system) at 12, touches mom for 1st time

1985 - Marshall U’s Bruce Morris scores a basket from 92’5″

1986 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Debi Thomas

1986 - Haiti’s President-for-Life Jean-Claude Duvalier flees to France Henri Namphy becomes leader of Haiti

1986 - Philippine Corazon Aquino defeats incumbent dictator Ferdinand Marcos but fraudulent returns gave the election to Marcos

1987 - Dennis Conner & Stars & Stripes bring America’s Cup back to US

1987 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano

1989 - Tennis superstar Bjorn Borg, apparently attempts suicide in Milan

1990 - USSR Communist party agrees to allow opposition political parties

1990 - Lisa Leslie of Morningside HS in Inglewood California scores 101 in 1st half, South Torrance HS decides not to play 2nd half & loses 102-24

1991 - Jean-Bertrand Aristide sworn in as Haiti’s 1st elected president

1991 - The IRA launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.

1994 - Howard Stern stops a would-be jumper on the George Washington Bridge

1998 - 18th Winter Olympic games open at Nagano Japan

2009 - Bushfires in Victoria left 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia’s history.

 

 

 

Births

1102 - Empress Matilda, Princess of England and wife of Henry V of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1169)

1478 - Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author (d. 1535)

1556 - Maria van Nassau, Dutch countess of Buren

1589 - Jacob de Witt, Dutch mayor (Dordrecht)/mathematician

1612 - Thomas Killigrew, English humorist/playwright/leader (King’s Men)

1693 - Anna Ivanova Romanova, empress of Russia (1730-40) [NS]

1700 - Philippe Buache, French geographer/cartographer (Contourlijnen)

1740 - Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/MP

1801 - John Rylands, England, merchant/philanthropist

 

 

 

1804 - John Deerepioneer manufacturer of agricultural implements

 

 

 

 

 

1812 - Charles Dickens, England, novelist (Oliver Twist, Tale of 2 Cities)

1817 - Leroy Pope Walker, US lawyer/Confederate minister of War (1861)

1824 - William Higgins, discoverer (nature of spiral nebulae)

1834 - Dmitri I Mendelejev, Russian chemist (Periodic Table)

1837 - James Augustus Henry Murray, Scotland, created Oxford Dictionary

1862 - Bernard Maybeck, US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, SF)

1867 - Laura Ingalls Wilder, Wisc, kid book author (Little House on Prarie)

1870 - Alfred Adler, Austria, psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)

1883 - Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist

1885 - Sinclair Lewis, novelist/social critic (Main Street, Nobel 1930)

 

 

 

1887 - Eubie BlakeAmerican musician ,ragtime composer ,pianist  (d. 1983)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1902 - Ethelda Blebtrey, Waterford NY, 100m swimmer (Olympic-gold-1920)

1905 - Ulf Svante von Euler, Sweden, physiologist (Nobel 1970)

1906 - Henry P’u-i, last emperor of China, puppet emperor of Manchukuo

1906 - Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)

1907 - Yevgeniy Abalakov, Soviet mountaineer (d. 1948)

1910 - Buster Crabbe, 400m US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932)

1914 - David Ignatow, US poet (Tread the Dark, Rescue the Dead)

1920 - Eddie Bracken, Astoria NYC, actor (Summer Stock, Young & Willing)

1921 - Bryan Woods, soldier/clerk

1923 - Martha Holmes, American photographer (d. 2006)

1924 - Dora Bryan, [Broadhurst], Southport England, actress (Taste of Honey)

1924 - Hattie Jacques, Kent England, actress (Carry on Doctor)

1926 - Konstantin Petrovich Feokistov, USSR, cosmonaut (Voskhod I)

1932 - Alfred M Worden, Jackson Michigan, Colonel USAF/astronaut (Apollo 15)

1932 - Gay Talese, author (Honor Thy Father)

1934 - Earl King, [Solomon Johnson], rocker

1934 - King Curtis, [Curtis Ousley], US vocalist (Memphis Soul Stew)

1945 - Pete Postlethwaite, actor (The Boxer)

1948 - Jimmy Greenspoon, LA Cal, rock organist (3 Dog Night-Joy to the World)

1949 - Alan Lancaster, bassist (Status Quo-Down Down, On the Level)

1950 - Marilyn Cochran, Burlington Vt, skier (Olympics-1972)

1951 - Manfred Schumann, German FR, bobsled (Olympic-silver/bronze-1976)

1956 - Emo Philips, American comedian

1956 - Mark St. John, American musician (Kiss) (d. 2007)

1958 - Michele Drake, La Jolla CA, playmate (May, 1979)

1958 - Matt Ridley, British science writer

1959 - Brian Travers, rock saxophonist (UB40-Red Wine)

1960 - James Spader, NYC, actor (Endless Love, Wall St, Mannequin)

1960 - Steve Bronski, rock synthesizer (Bronski Beat-Smalltown Boy)

1962 - Garth Brooks, Tulsa Oklahoma, country vocalist (No Fences, Double Live)

1964 - Cynthia “Sippy” Woodhead, Riverside California, swimmer (Olympic-silver-84)

1964 - Dona L Speir, Norwalk California, playmate (March, 1984)

1965 - Jason Gedrick, Chicago IL, actor (Heavenly Kid, Class of ’96)

1966 - Chris Rock, comedian (SNL, CB4, Boomerang)

1967 - Joseph Tilford Leigh Greene, Dayton Ohio, long jumper (Oly-br-92, 96)

1967 - Richie Burnett, Welsh darts player

1972 - Alex Bassi, American race car driver

1973 - Billy Baumhoff, St Louis MO, soccer midfielder/forward (Oly-gold-96)

1975 - Wes Borland, American guitarist (Limp Bizkit)

1977 - Christine Scheels, New Berlin Wis, speed skater (Olympics-1994)

1977 - Hillary Wolf, Chicago, extra lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1983 - Christian Klien, Austrian racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

590 - Pelagius II, Gothic Pope (579-90), dies from plague

999 - Boleslaus II of Bohemia

1045 - Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (b. 1009)

1317 - Robert, Count of Clermont, French founder of the House of Bourbon (b. 1256)

1560 - Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (b. 1493)

1609 - Ferdinand I, cardinal/ruler of Toscane, dies

1626 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)

1736 - Stephen Gray, English astronomer and scientist (b. 1666)

1799 - Qianlong, Emperor of China (b. 1711)

1823 - Ann Radcliffe (Ward), English poet/author of horror novels, dies at 58

1865 - John Henry Winder, US Confederate brig-gen/provost marshal, dies at 64

1871 - Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, piano manufacturer (Steinway & Sons) (b. 1797)

1897 - Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (Ferrari), dies at 49

 

 

 

1919 - William HalfordAmerican naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1841)

 

HALFORD, WILLIAM Photo

 

 

 

 

1920 - Alexander Koltsjak, adm/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed

1920 - Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (b. 1874)

 

 

 

1921 - Peter KropotkinRussian Prince/geologist/revolutionaryanarchistdies at 78

 

 

 

 

 

1937 - Elihu Root, US min of War/Foreign affairs (Nobel 1912), dies at 91

1938 - Harvey Firestone, American manufacturer, dies at 69

1948 - “Red” McKenzie, blues-jazz singer (played comb-with-tissue-paper), dies

 

 

1959 - EddieGuitar Slim” Jones bluesmandies at 32

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1960 - Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist, dies at 57

1964 - Hermann A J Kees, German egyptologist, dies at 77

1967 - Henry Morgenthau, US minster of Finance (devaluate dollar), dies at 74

1979 - Josef Mengele, concentration camp doctor, drowns

1980 - Secondo Campini, Italian jet pioneer (b. 1904)

1985 - Matt Monro, English singer (b. 1932)

1988 - Lin[wood V] Carter, US, sci-fi writer (Lost World of Time), dies at 57

1990 - Jimmy Van Heusen, composer (Call Me Irresponsible), dies at 77

1990 - Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (b. 1905)

 

 

 

1991 - Amos Yarkonilegendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)

 


 

 

 

 

1994 - Richard Bissell, US under director of CIA (Pig’s Bay), dies at 84

1995 - Massimo Pallottino, Ital archaeologist (Etruscologia), dies at 86

1996 - George Lowthian Trevelyan, designer/visionary, dies at 89

1996 - Phillip Davidson, US Army general (b. 1915)

1998 - Lawrence Sanders, American author (b. 1920)

1999 - King Hussein of Jordan (b. 1935)

2000 - Dave Peverett, English musician (Foghat, Savoy Brown) (b. 1943)

2001 - Dale Evans, American actress and singer (b. 1912)

2001 - Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and aviator (b. 1906)

2002 - Jack Fairman, British racing driver (b. 1913)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

337 - St Julius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1189 - Riots of Lynn in Norfolk spread to Norwich England

1508 - Maximilian I crowned Holy Roman Emperor

1577 - King Henri de Bourbon of Navarra becomes leader of Huguenots

1626 - Huguenot rebels & French sign Peace of La Rochelle

1693 - Royal charter granted College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Va

1778 - England declares war on France

1778 - France recognizes US, signs treaty of aid in Paris; 1st US treaty

1788 - Mass becomes 6th state to ratify constitution

1815 - NJ issues 1st US railroad charter (John Stevens)

1820 - 1st organized emigration of blacks back to Africa (NY to Sierra Leone)

1820 - US population announced at 9,638,453 (1,771,656 blacks (18.4%))

1820 - The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society started a settlement in present-day Liberia.

1832 - 1st appearance of cholera at Edinburgh, Scotland

1832 - US ship destroys Sumatran village in retaliation for piracy

1843 - The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).

1861 - 1st meeting of Provisional Congress of Confederate States of America

1861 - English Vice-Admiral Robert Fitzroy issues 1st storm warnings for ships

 

 

 

1862 - Gen Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee

 

 

 

 

 

1862 - Naval Engagement at Tenn River-USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle

1862 - Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi

1864 - -7] Skirmish at Barnett’s Ford Virginia

1865 - 2nd day of battle at Dabney’s Mills (Hatcher’s Run)

1865 - Robert E Lee appointed Confederate General in Chief

1869 - Harper’s Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers

1891 - 1st great train robbery by Dalton Gang (Southern Pacific #17)

1899 - Spanish-American War ends, peace treaty ratified by Senate

 

 

 

1900 - Battle at VaalkransSouth-Africa (Boers vs British army)

 

 

 

 

 

1904 - Russian-Japanese war began

1911 - 1st old-age home opened in Prescott, Ariz

1911 - Great fire destroys downtown Constantinople/Istanbul Turkey

1918 - Britain grants women (30 & over) vote

1921 - “The Kid,” starring Charlie Chaplin & Jackie Coogan, released

1932 - 1st Olympic dog sled race, Lake Placid, NY (demonstration sport)

1933 - -90°F (-68°C), Oymyakon, USSR (Asian record)

1933 - 112′ ocean wave observed near Manila

1933 - 20th Amendment goes into effect: Pres term begins in Jan not March

1933 - 20th amendment (terms of office) passed

1933 - Highest recorded sea wave (not tsunami), 34 m, in Pacific hurricane

1935 - “Monopoly” board game goes on sale for 1st time

1935 - 1st election to allow women to vote in Turkey

1941 - Battle of Beda Fomm: Italian 10th army destroyed

1941 - British troops conquer Bengazi, Libya

1943 - 1st Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down

1943 - Singer Frank Sinatra debuts on radio’s “Your Hit Parade”

1945 - 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz

1945 - Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder

1948 - 1st radio-controlled airplane flown

1951 - “Broker Special” train crashes in Woodbridge NJ, killing 84

1951 - Radio commentator Paul Harvey arrested for trying to sneak into

1958 - Ted Williams signs with Red Sox for $135,000, making him highest paid

1959 - 1st successful test-fire of Titan ICBM

1964 - France & Great-Britain sign accord over building channel tunnel

1965 - Righteous Brothers “You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feelin’” hits #1

1968 - 10th Winter Olympic games opens in Grenoble, France

1968 - Former Pres Dwight Eisenhower shot a hole-in-one

1971 - 1st time a golf ball is hit on Moon (by Alan Shepard)

1973 - 40,000 civil servants demonstrate against higher pension contribution

1978 - Snowstorm hits New England, parts of RI (54″ (137cm))

1982 - “Centerfold” by J Geils Band hit #1 on pop chart

1984 - Moslem militiamen take over West Beirut from Lebanese army

1987 - No-smoking rules take effect in federal buildings

1987 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Jill Trenary

1989 - Lech Walesa begins negotiating with Polish government

1990 - Brett Hull becomes 1st son of NHL 50 goal scorer (Bobby) to score 50

1990 - Ground breaking begins on Baltimore Orioles’ new $102 million stadium

1990 - Steve Briers of Wales recited the entire lyrics of Queen’s album “A Night At The Opera” in 9 minutes & 58.44 seconds backwards!

1992 - The Saami people of the Nordic countries have an official day celebrating their existence.

1993 - Riddick Bowe TKOs Michael Dokes in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1996 - Heidi Fleiss scheduled to begin her 7 year jail sentence

1997 - Diane Blood, 32, in England, won right to use her dead husbands sperm

1998 - Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former teacher, who violated probation by seeing 14 year old father of her baby, sentenced to 7 years

1998 - Washington National Airport is renamed Ronald Reagan National Airport.

2012 - Queen Elizabeth II marks her 60th anniversary of becoming Britain’s Monarch becoming only the second to do so

 

 

 

Births

1461 - Dzore Drzic, Croatian poet

1564 - Christopher Marlowe, English poet/dramatist (Dr Faustus)

1577 - Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman (d. 1599)

1608 - Antonio Vieira, Portuguese Jesuit preacher

1611 - Chongzhen Emperor, Emperor of China (d. 1644)

1637 - Toyotomi Hideyoshi, unified Japan

1695 - Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1726)

 

 

 

1732 - Charles LeeGeneral in the American Revolution (d. 1782)

 

 

 

 

 

1744 - Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist and surgeon (d. 1795)

 

 

 

1748 - Adam Weishauptfounder of the Bavarian Illuminati (d. 1811)

 

 

 

 

 

1756 - Aaron Burr, Newark NJ, (D-R), 3rd US VP (1801-05), dueler

1818 - William Maxwell Evarts, (Union), died in 1901

1830 - Marcellus Monroe Crocker, Brig gen (Union volunteers), died in 1865)

1832 - John Brown Gordon, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1904

 

 

 

1833 - James Ewell Brown “JEB” StuartMajor General (Confederate Army)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1834 - William Dorsey Pender, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1863

1853 - Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist (d. 1901)

1874 - Milton Bennett Medary, US, architect (Washington Chapel)

1875 - Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (d. 1915)

1892 - William Parry Murphy, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)

1895 - George Herman (Babe) Ruth, Baltimore, Maryland, baseball great (NY Yankees)

1897 - Louis Buchalter, Jewish American mobster (d. 1944)

1899 - Ramon Novarro, [Jose RG Samaniegos], Durango Mexico, actor (Ben Hur)

1900 - Roy Smeck, guitarist/banjoist

1907 - Sam Green, industrialist/inventor

1908 - Thomas Dorrington Tomlinson, national Park Warden

 

 

 

1911 - Ronald ReaganILactor (Bedtime for Bonzo)/40th pres (R) (1981-89)

 

 

 

 

 

1912 - Eva Braun, mistress (Adolph Hitler)

1913 - Mary Nicol Leakey, palaeontologist

1916 - Bill Doggett, rocker

1916 - John Crank, British mathematician (d. 2006)

1917 - Zsa Zsa Gabor, [Zsa Sari], Budapest, actress (Queen of Outer Space)

1922 - Patrick MacNee, London England, actor (Jonathan Steed-Avengers)

1926 - Haskell Wexler, American cinematographer

1929 - Sixten Jernberg, Sweden, skier (Olympic-gold-1956/60/64), (d. 2012)

1931 - Rip Torn, Tx, actor (Coma, Summer Rental, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof)

1932 - Francois Truffaut, Paris, director (Jules & Jim, Fahrenheit 451)

1932 - Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (d. 1959)

1933 - Leslie Crowther, English TV-comic/quizmaster

1933 - Mamie Van Doren, Rowena SD, actress (Navy vs Night Monsters) [or 2/2]

1934 - Bernard Erhard, American voice actor (d. 2000)

1936 - Otis Williams, rocker (Charms)

1936 - J. Howard Marshall III, American businessman

1939 - Mike Farrell, St Paul Minn, actor (BJ Honeycutt-M*A*S*H, Battered)

1940 - Tom Brokaw, Yankton SD, news anchor (NBC Nightly News 1982- )

1942 - Sarah Brady, American gun-control activist

1943 - Gayle Hunnicutt, Fort Worth Tx, actress (Legend of Hell House, Dallas)

1943 - Fabian, American singer

1945 - Bob Marley, Jamacian reggae musician and singer-songwriter (Whalers-No Woman)

1946 - Kate McGarrigle, Canadian singer and songwriter

1947 - Charles Hickcox, US, 200m/400m medley swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1968)

 

 

 

1950 - Natalie ColeLA Californiavocalist (Pink CadillacMiss You Like Crazy)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1953 - Susie Hutchison, Flintridge California, equestrian show jumper (Olymp-96)

1957 - Jerry Marotta, rocker (Orleans-Love Takes Time)

1957 - Kathy Najimy, actress (Sister Act, Veronica’s Closet)

1957 - Robert Townsend, Chicago, comedian/actor (Hollywood Shuffle, Ratboy)

1957 - Simon Phillips. Drummer of Toto (band)

1958 - Mark Hamilton, Louisville KY, sprint kayak Olympics-96)

1962 - Axl Rose, [William Bailey], Lafayette In, vocalist (Guns & Roses)

1963 - Kevin Trudeau, American entrepreneur

1966 - Rick Astley, rock vocalist (Never Gonna Give You Up)

1970 - Jeff Rouse, US, 50m/100m backstroke swimmer (Olymp-gold/silver-92, 96)

1971 - Lance Bade, Vancouver BC, US double trap (Olympics-bronze-1996)

1972 - Mark Labbrook, Australian 200m/400m runner (Olympics-96)

1976 - Elina Zisi, Miss Greece Universe (1997)

1976 - Kim Zmeskal, Houston TX, US gymnist (Olympic-92)

1976 - Tanja Frieden, Swiss snowboarder

1976 - Colin Teo, Singaporean Grand Prix driver

1981 - Calum Best, American model

1982 - Tank, Mandopop singer.

1983 - Jamie Whincup, Australian racing driver

1983 - Melrose Bickerstaff, American fashion model

1985 - Yang Yu, Chinese swimmer

1985 - Joji Kato, Japanese speedskater

 

 

Deaths

743 - Hisham ibn ‘Abd al-Malik, 10th Moslem caliph, dies at about 52

891 - Photius, Byzantine theologist/patriarch of Constantinople/saint, dies

1140 - Thurstan, archbishop of York, dies

1378 - Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (b. 1338)

1497 - John Ockeghem, Flemish singer/composer, dies at 79

1585 - Edmund Plowden, English legal scholar (b. 1518)

1593 - Emperor Ogimachi of Japan (b. 1517)

1612 - Christopher Clavius, calendar reformer, dies (birth date unknown)

1617 - Prosper Alpinus/Prospero Alpini, Italian physician/botanist, dies at 63

1783 - Lancelot “Capability” Brown, English architect (Kew), dies at about 67

1816 - Maria Ludwika Rzewuska, Polish szlachcianka (b. 1744)

1833 - Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (b. 1762)

 

 

 

1834 - Richard Lemon LanderBritish explorer (b. 1804)

 

 

 

 

 

1865 - John Pegram, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 33

1945 - Jan Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1945 - Paul Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1950 - Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (b. 1884)

1958 - Walter Crickmer, English football club secretary and manager

1960 - Jesse Belvin, rocker, dies at 26 in a car crash

1964 - Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino general and President (b. 1869)

1972 - Julian H Steward, US anthropologist (South American), dies at 70

1973 - Ira S Bowen, US physicist/astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar), dies at 74

1976 - Vince Guaraldi, jazz pianist (Charlie Brown TV specials), dies at 43

1981 - Hugo Montenegro, American film music composer (b. 1925)

1986 - Minoru Yamasaki, American architect (b. 1912)

1989 - Barbara Tuchman, historian (Guns of August-Pulitzer), dies at 77

1991 - Danny Thomas, comedian (Jazz Singer), dies of a heart attack at 79

1991 - Salvador Luria, Italian biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)

1993 - Arthur Ashe, tennis star (Wimbledon 1975), dies of AIDS at 49

1994 - Jack Kirby, cartoonist (X-Men, Spiderman, Hulk), dies at 76

1994 - Joseph Cotten, actor (Citizen Kane), dies at 88

1995 - James Ingram Merrill, US poet (Braving the elements), dies at 68

1996 - Guy Madison, actor (Wild Bill Hickok), dies at 74

1998 - Carl Wilson, rock vocalist (Beach Boy), dies of lung cancer at 51

1998 - [Johann Hoelzel] Falco, singer (Rock Me Amadeus), dies at 40

1998 - Haroun Tazieff, French vulcanologist and geologist (b. 1914)

2002 - Max Perutz, Austrian molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1914)

2007 - Frankie Laine, American singer (b. 1913)

2008 - Tony Rolt, English racing driver (b. 1918)

 

 

 

2011 - Gary MooreIrelandbluesmanguitarist (b. 1952)

 

Still Got The Blues

Parisienne Walkways

Separate Ways

I Love You More Than You’ll Ever Know

 

 

 

 

2012 - Janice Voss, American astronaut, dies from breast cancer at 55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

816 - Frankish emperor Louis grants archbishop Salzburg immunity

1428 - King Alfonso V, orders Sicily’s Jews to attend conversion sermons

1488 - Roman catholic German emperor Maximilian I caught in Belgium

1512 - French troops under Gaston de Foix rescues Bologna

1576 - Henry of Navarre abjures Catholicism at Tours

1631 - Rhode Island, founder, Roger Williams arrives in Boston from England

1644 - 1st US livestock branding law passed, by Connecticut

1777 - Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail & primogeniture

1778 - Articles of Confederation ratified by 1st state, South Carolina

1783 - Sweden recognizes US independence

1817 - 1st US gas co incorporated, Baltimore (coal gas for street lights)

1831 - Jan van Speijk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp, killing about 30

1846 - “Oregon Spectator” is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast

1850 - Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY

1861 - 1st moving picture peep show machine is patented by Samuel Goodale

1861 - Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Phila

1861 - Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress

1864 - Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi

1865 - Battle of Hatcher’s Run, VA (Armstrong’s Mill, Dabney’s Mill)

1870 - 1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia

1879 - Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow

1881 - Phoenix, Az incorporates

1885 - News of fall of Khartoum reaches London

1897 - Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel

1900 - British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal

1900 - The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal

1901 - Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot

1901 - Pierpont Morgan forms US Steel Corp

1904 - American occupation of Cuba ends

1916 - Enrico Caruso recorded “O Solo Mio” for the Victor Talking Machine Co

1917 - Congress overrides Wilson’s veto, curtailing Asian immigration

 

 

 

1918 - 1st US pilot to down an enemy airplaneStephen W Thompson

 

 

 

 

 

1921 - Yankees purchase 20 acres in Bronx for Yankee Stadium

1922 - Reader’s Digest magazine 1st published

1924 - The Royal Greenwich Observatory begin broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the “BBC pips”.

1927 - Buster Keaton’s movie “The General” released & bombed

1929 - Jimmy Hatlo’s “They’ll Do It Every Time” cartoon debuts in SF

1931 - Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st US women to earn a glider pilot license

1936 - National Wildlife Federation forms

1937 - 1st Charlie Chaplin talkie, “Modern Times,” released

1937 - FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, “court packing” plan failed

1938 - Hans Engnestangen skates world record 500m (41.8 sec)

1940 - Glenn Miller & his Orchestra record “Tuxedo Junction”

1942 - “Woman of the Year,” starring Hepburn & Tracy opens at Radio City

1943 - Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt

1943 - Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission

1944 - 358 RAF-bombers attack Stettin

1945 - Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)

1945 - US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manila

1948 - Dick Button becomes 1st US figure skating Olympic champion

1948 - Gretchen Fraser becomes 1st US woman Olympic slalom champion

1949 - Huaso sets official world equestrian high-jump record, 2.47 m, Chic

1953 - “Peter Pan” by Walt Disney opens at Roxy Theater, NYC

1956 - NY Mayor Robert Wagner & Bkln Boro Pres Frank Cashmore sponsor a bill to create a $30M Brooklyn Sports Center Authority to build

1958 - Gamel Abdel Nasser nominated 1st president of United Arab Republic

1962 - Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn within 16 degrees

1963 - Maarten Schmidt discovers enormous red shifts in quasars

1967 - “Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour” premieres on CBS (later ABC, NBC)

1967 - Anastasio Somoza elected president of Nicaragua

1969 - US population reaches 200 million

1969 - Vince Lombardi, becomes part owner, vp, gm & head coach of Redskins

1971 - Apollo 14, 3rd US manned Moon expedition, lands near Fra Mauro Alan Shepard & Edward Mitchell (Apollo 14) walk on Moon for 4 hrs

1972 - Bob Douglas is 1st black elected to Basketball Hall of Fame

1973 - Comic strip “Hagar The Horrible” debuted

1973 - Funeral for LC William Nolde, last US soldier killed in Vietnam War

1973 - Juan Corona sentenced to 25 consecutive life terms for 25 murders

1974 - Maximum speed on Autobahn reduced to 100 kph

1974 - Patty Hearst kidnapped

1974 - US Mariner 10 returns 1st close-up photos of Venus’ cloud structure

1974 - John Murtha becomes the first Vietnam War veteran elected to the Congress of the United States.

1977 - “Dis-Gorilla (part 1)” by Rick Dees peaks at #56

1977 - “In The Mood” by Henhouse 5 Plus Too (Ray Stevens) peaks at #40

1977 - “Up Your Nose” by Gabriel Kaplan peaks at #91

1977 - Sugar Ray Leonard beats Luis Vega in 6 rounds in his 1st pro fight

1977 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne

1978 - Fred Newman makes 88 consecutive basketball free throws blindfolded

1979 - Costliest single periodical ad, $3.2 million, Gulf + Western in Time

1981 - Largest Jell-O made (9,246 gallons of watermelon-flavor) in Brisbane

1981 - Milt jury in NC convicts Robert Garwood of collaborating with enemy

1982 - DEA announces seizure of 3,192 tons of marijuana, 495 people

1982 - British airline Laker Airways collapses owing 270M pounds ($351M)

1983 - Former Nazi Gestapo official Klaus Barbie brought to trial

1986 - Corazon Aquino & Ferdinand Marcos appear on “Nightline”

1987 - Dow Jones avg closes above 2,200 for 1st time

1988 - 1st prime-time wrestling match in 30 yrs-Andre beats Hulk Hogan

1988 - Panamanian Gen Manuel Noriega indicted by US grand jury for drugs

1989 - Kareem Abdul-Jabar becomes 1st NBA player to score 38,000 points

1990 - Notre Dame becomes 1st team to sell its game to a major network (NBC)

1991 - A Michigan court bars Dr Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides

1991 - Joni Mitchel inducted into the Canadian Hall of Fame

1991 - LA King Dave Taylor becomes 29th NHler to score 1000 points

1992 - Jury selection begins in the LA cops beating Rodney King case

1993 - Grenade explodes in Sarajevo, killing 63 & injuring 160

1993 - R James Woolsey, becomes 16th director of CIA

1994 - Medgar Evers’ murderer Byron De La Beckwith sentenced to life, in Jackson Miss, 30 years after the crime

1995 - Sandra Volker swims female European record 50m backstroke: 27.77

1997 - 3 Swiss banks create $70 million Holocaust fund

1998 - Author Tom Clancy confirms he signed agreement to purchase Minnesota Vikings for slightly more than $200 million, an NFL franchise record

2004 - Twenty-three Chinese people drown when a group of 35 cockle-pickers are trapped by rising tides in Morecambe Bay, England. Twenty-one bodies are recovered.

2008 - A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States leaves at least 58 dead, the most since the May 31, 1985 outbreak that killed 88.

2009 - The United States Navy guided missile cruiser Port Royal runs aground off Oahu, Hawaii, damaging the ship as well as a coral reef.

2012 - Quarterback Eli Manning wins his second Superbowl Most Valuable Player Award after leading the New York Giants to a 21-17 victory over the New England Patriots in Superbowl XLVI

 

 

 

Births

976 - Sanjō, Emperor of Japan (d. 1017)

1505 - Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (d. 1572)

1519 - René of Châlon, (d. 1544)

1608 - Gaspar Schott, German mathematician (d. 1666)

 

 

 

1723 - John Witherspoonclergyman/signed Declaration of Independence

 

 

 

 

 

1725 - James OtisAmerican lawyer and patriot (d. 1783)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1744 - John Jeffries, colonial physician/meteorologist

1770 - Alexandre Brongniart, Paris, mineralogist/geologist (Tertiary)

1784 - Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1818)

1788 - Robert “Bobbie” Peel, British PM (1834-5; 41-46)/founder (British Conservative Party)/founder (Bobbies)

1795 - Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (d. 1871)

1799 - John Lindley, English botanist (Elements of Botany)

1840 - Hiram Stevens Maxim, inventor (automatic single-barrel rifle)

1840 - John Boyd Dunlop, Scotland, developer (pneumatic rubber tire)

1878 - André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)

1891 - Elizabeth Ryan, Anaheim California, doubles tennis champ (6 time Wimbled)

1900 - Adlai E Stevenson, (Gov-D-Ill), pres candidate (D) (1952, 1956)

1903 - Joan Whitney Payson, owner (NY Mets & horse stables)

1903 - Nathaniel Owings, Indianapolis, architect (Oak Ridge, TN; Sears)

 

 

 

1906 - John CarradineGreenwich Village NYactor (Grapes of WrathHowling)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 - Norton Simon, business executive (Simon & Schuster)

1908 - Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (d. 1969)

1914 - Alan Hodgkin, British physicist (Nobel 1963)

1914 - William S Burroughs, St Louis, novelist (Naked Lunch)

1915 - Robert Hofstadter, US atomic physicist

1918 - Charles J “Tim” Holt, US actor (Treasure of Sierra Madre)

1919 - Red Buttons, [Aaron Chwatt], Bronx NYC, comedian/actor (Sayonara)

1922 - Bernard Kalb, spokesman (State Dept)/actor (Dave)

1922 - Alain de Changy, Belgian racing driver (d. 1994)

1926 - Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, NYC, publisher (NY Times)

1933 - Ron Wilson, US percussionist (Joy of Cooking)

1934 - Hank Aaron, baseball player (record 755 HRs, 1957 NL MVP)

1934 - Don Cherry, Canadian hockey commentator

1937 - Wang Xuan, Chinese scientist (d. 2006)

 

 

 

1940 - H R Gigerartistspecial effects designer, (Alien)

 

 

 

 

 

1941 - Stephen J Cannell, producer (Rockford Files)

1941 - Jane Bryant Quinn, American journalist

1942 - Cory Wells, Buffalo NY, rock vocalist (3 Dog Night-Joy to the World)

1942 - Roger Staubach, NFL quarterback (Dallas Cowboys)

1943 - Charles Winfield, Penn, rocker (Blood Sweat & Tears-Spinning Wheel)

1943 - Larry Tamblyn, rock guitarist (Standells-Dirty Water)

1943 - Nolan Bushnell, founder (Atari)/creator (Pong)

1943 - Sven Johnson, rocker (Tangerine Dream

 

 

 

1944 - Al Kooperrock keyboards/vocalist (Blood Sweat & Tears-And When I Die)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1944 - Cory Wells, rocker

1944 - J R Cobb, Birmingham Ala, rocker (Atlanta Rhythm Section, Classic IV)

1946 - Charlotte Rampling, England, actress (Zardoz, Night Porter, Verdict)

1947 - David Ladd, LA California, actor (Raymie, Catlow, Misty, Deathline)

1947 - Mary Louise Cleave, Southampton NY, PhD/astronaut (STS 61-B, STS 30)

1947 - Darrell Waltrip, American race car driver

1948 - Barbara Hershey, [Herzstein], Atlanta, (Stuntman, Shy People)

1948 - Christopher Guest, NYC, actor (SNL, Heartbeeps, This is Spinal Tap)

1948 - David Denny, rock guitarist (Steve Miller Band-Abracadabra)

1948 - Nigel Tufnel, rocker (Spinal Tap)

1949 - Maidarjabyn Ganzorig, Mongolia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 39 backup)

1949 - Nigel Olsson, rock guitarist/drummer (Elton John Band)

1954 - Roseanne Katan, Jamacia, playmate (Sep, 1978)

 

 

 

1955 - Debra Jo FondrenLos Angeles Calplaymate of year (September, 1977)

 

 

 

 

 

1956 - Hector Rebaque, Mexican racing driver

1956 - Betty Ong, flight attendant that died on September 11, 2001, on American Airlines Flight 11

1958 - Jennifer Jason Leigh, [Morrow], LA Cal, actress (Single White Female)

1959 - Glenn Dubis, Lincoln Neb, US 3×40 rifle (Olympics-1984, 88, 96)

1959 - Jennifer Granholm American Politician

1960 - Jane Geddes, Huntington NY, LPGA golfer (1987 Women’s Kemper Open)

1961 - Tim Meadows, American actor and comedian

1962 - Duff McKagan, [Michael], Seattle Wash, bassist (Guns & Roses)

1962 - Tommy Skeoch, rock vocalist (Tesla-Psychotic Supper)

1965 - Ben Lee, Rangoon Burma, US badminton player (Olympic-92)

1966 - Jose Maria Olazabal, golfer

1968 - Chris Barron, rocker (Spin Doctors)

1969 - Bobby Brown, Roxbury Ma, vocalist (Ghostbusters, Don’t Be Cruel)

1971 - Peter “Chip” Cipollone, Ardmore Pa, rower (Olympics-1996)

1971 - Sara Evans, American singer

1977 - Ben Ainslie, British sailor

1980 - Brad Fitzpatrick, American programmer

1986 - Reed Sorenson, American racecar driver

 

 

Deaths

995 - William IV, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 937)

1520 - Sten Sture the Younger, regent of Sweden (b. 1493)

1578 - Giovanni B Moroni, Italian portrait painter, dies

1591 - Gerard de Jode, Flemish publisher, dies

1658 - Maria Margaretha van Angels, Dutch prioress at Oirschot, dies at 52

1679 - Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet (Gysbreght van Aemstel), dies at 91

1721 - James Stanhope 1st earl of Stanhope, English general, dies at 47

1754 - Nicolaas S Cruquius, hydraulic engineer, (Haarlemmermeer), dies at 75

1766 - Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)

 

 

 

1790 - William CullenScottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)

 

 

 

 

 

1807 - Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter, dies at 80

1822 - Ali Pasha of Janina, (Napoleon, Lord Byron), dies at about 77

1881 - Thomas Carlyle, historian/essayist, dies in London at 85

1897 - Hoss Radbourn, pitcher won 60 games in 1884, dies at 42

1922 - Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian inventor (b. 1871)

1927 - Inayat Khan, Indian sufi

1941 - Banjo Paterson, Australian poet, author of “Walzing Matilda” (b. 1864)

1946 - George Arliss, actor/writer (Dr Syn, Voltaire), dies at 77

1948 - Johann Blaskowitz, German gen (surrendered at Wageningen), dies at 64

1961 - Anthony G de Rothschild, British philanthropist, dies at 73

 

 

 

1967 - Leon Leonwood BeanAmerican department store founder (b. 1872)

 

 

 

 

 

1973 - L C William Noldelast US soldiekilled in Vietnam, funeral

 

 

 

 

 

1976 - Rudy Pompilli, American musician (Bill Haley and His Comets) (b. 1926)

1977 - Izaak Boleslavski, Russian chess player, dies at 67

1977 - Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (b. 1894)

1981 - Kuda Bux, Indian mystic (I’d Like to See), dies at 75

1981 - Ella Grasso, Governor of Connecticut (b. 1919)

1991 - Dean Jagger, US actor (Mr Novak, Rawhide, Oscar), dies at about 87

1993 - Joseph L Mankiewicz, US writer/director (All about Eve), dies at 83

1993 - Tip Tipping, [Tim], stuntman, dies in sky-diving accident at 34

1994 - Fred de Bruyne, Flemish cyclist/gang leader (Paris-Nice), dies at 63

1994 - Kenneth “Buddy” Scott, blues guitarist/Singer, dies at 59

1995 - Doug Mcclure, US rodeo rider/actor (Trampas-Virginian), dies at 59

1997 - John Richard Patterson, businessman, dies at 51

1997 - Pamela Harriman, US Ambassador (to France), dies of stroke at 76

1999 - Wassily Leontief, Russian economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1906)

2003 - Helge Boes, American Central Intelligence Agency officer

2004 - John Hench, American animator (b. 1908)

2008 - Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru, founder of Transcendental Meditation (b. ca. 1917)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta.

960 - The coronation of Zhao Kuangyin as Emperor Taizu of Song, initiating the Song Dynasty period of China that would last more than three centuries.

1194 - Richard I Lion Hearted pays Leopold O Fenrik VI’s ransom of 100,000

1454 - In the Thirteen Years’ War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederation sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master.

1508 - Maximilian I assumes imperial title without being crowned

1586 - Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, becomes governor of Neth

1600 - Tycho Brahe & Johannes Kepler meet for 1st time near Prague

1657 - Oliver Cromwell grants residency to Luis Caravajal

1697 - 3 VOC-ships anchor at Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia

1699 - 350 rebellious Streltsi executed in Moscow

 

 

 

1703 - In Edo (now Tokyo)46 of the Forty-Seven Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicideas recompense for avenging their master’s death.

 

 

 

 

 

1782 - British garrison surrenders to French & Spanish fleet

1783 - Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)

1784 - 1st unmanned balloon flight in Ireland

1787 - Shays’ Rebellion (of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers) fails

1789 - 1st electoral college chooses Washington & Adams as Pres & VP

1797 - Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000

1810 - Royal Navy seizes Guadeloupe.

1822 - Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa

1824 - J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public

1846 - Mormons leave Nauvoo, Mo for settlement in west

1847 - 1st US telegraph co established in Maryland

1849 - University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students

1855 - Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela

1859 - The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt.

1861 - Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time, Montgomery Ala, Ga, Fla, La, Miss & SC elect Jefferson Davis pres of Confederacy

1864 - Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi

1865 - Robert E Lee is named commander-in-chief of Confederate Army

1866 - Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible

1887 - Interstate Commerce Act authorizes federal regulation of railroads

1895 - 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago

 

 

 

1899 - Revolt against US occupation of Philippines

 

 

 

 

1913 - Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim

1914 - US Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law

1915 - Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Miss Penitentiary

1924 - 1st Winter Olympic games close at Chamonix France

1932 - 3rd Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY

1932 - Japanese troop occupy Harbin, Manchuria

1932 - World War II: Japan occupies Harbin, China.

1933 - German Pres Von Hindenburg limits freedom of the press

1936 - 1st radioactive substance produced synthetically (radium E)

1938 - Hitler seizes control of German army & puts Nazi in key posts

1939 - Glenn Cunningham (top miler) says 4-min mile beyond human effort

1941 - British tanks occupy Maus Libya

1941 - United Service Organization (USO) founded

1942 - Clinton Pierce becomes 1st US general wounded in action in WW II

1944 - US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein

1945 - FDR, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta

1949 - Failed assassination attempt on Shah of Persia

1951 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Sonya Klopfer

1951 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1952 - 1st black executive of a major TV station (Jackie Robinson-WNBC NY)

1957 - 1st electric portable typewriter placed on sale (Syracuse NY)

1958 - Hall of Fame fails to elect anyone for 1st time since 1950

1961 - Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure

1964 - FAA begins 6 month test of reactions to sonic booms over Oklahoma City

1967 - “Wild Thing” hits #20 on the pop singles chart by Senator Bobby

1967 - US launches Lunar Orbiter 3

1969 - John Madden is named head coach of NFL’s Oakland Raiders

1969 - Yassar Arafats takes over as chairman of PLO

1971 - Apollo 14 lander Antares lands on Moon (Shepard & Mitchell)

1971 - Baseball announces a special hall of fame wing for blacks

1971 - British car maker Rolls Royce declared itself bankrupt

1971 - National Guard mobilized to quell rioting in Wilmington NC

1972 - 6th round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks ends in Vienna Austria

 

 

 

1973 - ReshefIsrael’s missile boatunveiled

 

 

 

 

 

1974 - Chimpanzee Nim Chimsky signs his 1st word, at 2½ months

1974 - Patricia Hearst (19) kidnapped by Symbionese Liberation Army

1976 - 12th Winter Olympic games opens in Innsbruck, Austria

1976 - 7.5 earthquake kills 22,778 in Guatemala & Honduras

1977 - Elevated train jumps track, crashes onto Chicago st (11 die, 200 hurt)

1977 - Fleetwood Mac’s “Rumours” released

1977 - Wings release “Maybe I’m Amazed”

1980 - Bani Sadr sworn in as premier of Iran

1982 - “Pump Boys & Dinettes” opens at Princess Theater NYC for 573 perfs

1982 - Indoor distance record for a paper airplane (47m) Tacoma Wash

1983 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton

1984 - Frank Aquilera sets world frisbee distance record (168m) Las Vegas

1985 - 20 countries (but not US) sign UN treaty outlawing torture

1985 - Naval exercises canceled when US refuses to tell NZ of nuclear weapons

1986 - Israeli fighters intercept Libyan liner (passenger plane)

 

 

 

1987 - Stars & Stripes beats Australia’s Kookaburra 3sweeps America’s Cup

 

 

 

 

 

1988 - Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega indicted on drug charges

1990 - 10 Israeli tourists murdered near Cairo

1990 - Anders Holmertz swims world record 400 m freestyle (3:40.81)

1990 - Danny Everett runs world record 400m indoor (45:04)

1990 - Lyudmila Narozhi-Lenko runs world record 60m hurdles indoor (7.69)

1991 - Hall of Fame’s board of directors vote 12-0 to bar Pete Rose

1991 - US postage raises from 25 cents to 29 cents

1993 - Admiral Studeman, ends term as acting director of CIA

1994 - 20 die in armed assault on mosque in Khartum Sudan

1994 - Merlene Ottey runs world record 50 m indoor (6.00 sec)

1994 - Russian team beats ladies world record 4×800 m indoor (8:18.71)

1995 - Sandra Volker swims female European record 50m backstroke (27.77)

1997 - OJ Simpson found guilty of libel in murders of Ron Goldman & Nicole Simpson

1997 - Sec of State Margaret Albright announces she just discovered that her grandparents were Jewish

1997 - En route to Lebanon, two Israeli Sikorsky CH-53 troop-transport helicopters collide in mid-air over northern Galilee, Israel killing 73.

1998 - Bill Gates gets a pie thrown in his face in Brussels Belgium

1998 - An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000.

1999 - The New Carissa runs aground near Coos Bay, Oregon.

1999 - Unarmed West African immigrant Amadou Diallo is shot dead by four plainclothes New York City police officers on an unrelated stake-out, inflaming race-relations in the city.

2000 - German extortionist Klaus-Peter Sabotta is jailed for life for attempted murder and extortion in connection with the sabotage of German railway lines.

2003 - The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is officially renamed to Serbia and Montenegro and adopts a new constitution.

 

 

Births

1465 - French van Brederode, leader of Hoeksen

1524 - Luis de Camões, Portugal’s greatest poet. (d. 1580)

1549 - Eustache du Caurroy, composer

1575 - Pierre de Barulle, French cardinal

1677 - Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (d. 1731)

1725 - Dru Drury, English entomologist (d. 1804)

 

 

 

1746 - Tadeusz KościuszkoPolishLithuanian and American National hero and general (d. 1817)

 

 

 

 

 

1764 - Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral/minister of Navy

1778 - A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (d. 1841)

 

 

 

1819 - Joshua NortonSFNorton Iemperor of USA

 

 

 

 

 

1826 - Halbert Eleazer Paine, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1905

 

 

 

1841 - Clément AderFrench aviation pioneer (d. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1846 - Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (d. 1915)

1859 - Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)

1872 - Gotse Delchev, a great Macedonian revolutionary, (d. 1903)

1875 - Ludwig Prandtl, Germany, physicist (father of aerodynamics)

1881 - Kliment J Woroshilov, marshal/president USSR (1953-60)

1891 - Yuri Losmann, Estonia, marathon runner (Olympic-silver 1920)

1893 - Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus)

1895 - Hanns [Johann] Rauter, German SS-lt-general/SS police chief in Neth

 

 

 

1902 - Charles A LindberghDetroitpilot (1st fly solo across Atlantic)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1903 - Alexander Oppenheim, mathematician

1903 - Frank Howley, Hampton NY, Brigadier General (Answers for Americans)

1905 - Eddie Foy Jr, New Rochelle NY, actor (Eddie-Fair Exchange)

1906 - Clyde William Tombaugh, US, astronomer (discovered Pluto)

1906 - Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (champ-1933)

1912 - Byron Nelson, Fort Worth Tx, PGA golfer (won 19 tournaments in 1945)

1913 - Rosa Lee Parks, civil rights activist (bus protestor)

1915 - Ray Evans, American songwriter with Jay Livingston (d. 2007)

1917 - Aga Yahya Khan, Pakistan military/politician

1918 - Ida Lupino, actress screenwriter director/producer (Jennifer)

1919 - Frank van Klingeren, Dutch architect (De Meerpaal, Dronten)

1921 - Betty Friedan, Peoria Ill, feminist writer (Feminine Mystique)

1923 - Conrad Bain, Alberta Canada, actor (Maude, Diff’rent Strokes), (d. 2013)

1928 - Dave Ketchum, Quincy Ill, actor (Agent 13-Get Smart)

1931 - Isabel Peron, [Maria Martinez], dancer/president Argentina

1937 - John Devitt, Australia, 100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1960)

1937 - Magnar Solberg, Norway, 20K biathalete (Olympic-gold-1968, 72)

1939 - John Schuck, Boston Mass, comedian (McMillan & Wife, Holmes & Yoyo)

1940 - George A Romero, actor/director (Creepshow, Martin, 2 Evil Eyes)

1941 - John Steel, rock drummer (Animals-House of the Rising Sun)

1943 - Ken Thompson, American computer scientist

1944 - Florence LaRue Gordon, Penn, rocker (5th Dimension-One Less Bell)

1945 - David Brenner, Phila, comedian/TV talk show host (Nightlife)

1946 - Mary Meyer, US, 500m speed skater (Olympic-silver-1968)

1946 - Roy Yeager, Doraville Ga, rocker (Atlanta Rhythm Section)

1947 - James Danforth “Dan” Quayle, Indianapolis Indiana, USA (Sen-R-Ind, 44th Vice President 1989-93)

 

 

 

1948 - Alice Cooper, [Vincent Furnier], Detroitrocker (School’s Out)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1950 - James Dunn, US vocalist (Stylistics-You make me feel Brand New)

1950 - Pamela Franklin, Tokyo Japan, actress (Satan’s School for Girls)

1952 - Jerry Shirley, rock drummer (Humble Pie-Hot N Nasty, Eat It)

1959 - Lawrence Taylor, [LT], NFL’s greatest linebacker (NY Giants)

1960 - Siobhan Dowd, British/Irish author (d. 2007)

1961 - Vern Fleming, LIC NY, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1984)

1962 - Clint Black, Long Branch NJ, country vocalist (A Better Man)

1963 - Pirmin Zurbriggen, Swiss alpine skier (Olympic-gold-1988)

1963 - Tracie Ruiz-Conforto, Hawaii, sync swimmer (Oly-2 gold/silver-84, 88)

1964 - Noodles, American guitarist (The Offspring)

1966 - Barry Klein, Grand Rapids Mich, rower (Olympics-1996)

1970 - Gabrielle Anwar, Laleham England, actress (Body Snatchers)

1973 - Oscar De La Hoya, Los Angeles California, US boxer (Olympic Gold 92)

1978 - Laurence Borremans, Miss Belgium Universe (1997)

1979 - Andrei Arlovski, Russian mixed martial artist

1979 - Giorgio Pantano, Italian racing car driver

1982 - Chris Sabin, American professional wrestler

1982 - Tomas Vaitkus, Lithuanian professional road racing cyclist

1982 - Kimberly Wyatt, American singer and dancer (Pussycat Dolls)

1985 - Bug Hall, American actor

1988 - Carly Patterson, American gymnast

 

Deaths

211 - Lucius Septimus Severus, emperor of Rome (193-211), dies at 64

708 - Sisinnius, Greek-Syrian pope (708, 20 days), dies

856 - Hrabanus Maurus, East France, archbishop of Mainz, dies

869 - Saint Cyril, Greek missionary to the Slavs (b. 827)

1189 - Gilbert of Sempringham, English monastery founder/saint, dies

1222 - Willem I, earl of Holland (1203-22), dies

1503 - Queen Elizabeth, consort of Henry VII of England, dies

1508 - Conrad Celtes, German humanist scholar (b. 1459)

1615 - Dom Justo Takayama, Japanese warlord (b. 1552)

1615 - Giovanni Battista della Porta, Italian scholar, polymath and child prodigy (b. 1535)

1640 - Hendrick C Vroom, Dutch seascape painter, dies

1746 - Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave), dies at 46

1774 - Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)

1781 - Willem Crul, admiral (West-Indies), dies in battle at 59

1799 - Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)

1815 - Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder/inoculation proponent, dies at 77

1815 - Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist/graphic artist, dies at 58

1894 - Antoine J “Adolphe” Sax, instrument maker (saxophone), dies at 79

1911 - Peter A “Piet” Cronje, South Africa Boer general, dies at about 75

1928 - Hendrik A Lorentz, physicist (L transformation-Nobel 1902), dies at 74

1939 - Edward Sapir, US linguist/cultural anthropologist (indian), dies at 55

1939 - Henri W A Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell), dies at 72

1940 - Nikolai Yezhov, Head of Soviet NKVD (b. 1895)

1957 - Joseph Hardaway, creator of Bugs Bunny, dies at 66

1959 - Una O’Connor, actress (Banjo, Invisible Man), dies at 78

1964 - Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica), dies at 71

1965 - U C Greyhound, champion trotter (horse), dies at 33

1966 - Gilbert H Grosvenor, president Natl Geographic Society, dies at 90

1968 - Ed Baker, actor (Keystone Kops), dies of emphysema at 70

1969 - Thelma Ritter, actress (All About Eve, Pillow Talk), dies at 63

1974 - Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1894)

 

 

 

1975 - Louis JordanAmerican musician (b. 1908)

 

Videos

1975 - Howard Hill, American archer (b. 1899)

1983 - Karen Carpenter, rock drummer (Carpenters), dies of anorexia at 32

1987 - Liberace, pianist (Liberace Show, Evil Chandell-Batman), dies at 67

1989 - Kenneth “Jethro” Burns, country singer (Homer & Jethro), dies at 69

1992 - John Dehner, actor (Apache, Cowboy, Boys from Brazil), dies at 76

1994 - Harold Schneider, US producer (5 Easy Pieces, War Games), dies at 55

1994 - Jan Veldkamp, Dutch geophysicist/director (KNMI), dies at 84

1995 - Betty Davis, British dance teacher of Dame Margot Fonteyn, dies

1995 - Patricia Highsmith, [Mary Patricia Plangman], US/Swiss, dies at 74

1997 - James Friell, political cartoonist, dies at 84

2000 - Doris Coley, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1941)

2000 - Phil Tonken, American radio and television announcer (b. 1919)

2001 - J. J. Johnson, American jazz trombonist and composer (b. 1924)

2002 - George Nader, American film and television actor (b. 1921)

2003 - Charlie Biddle, Canadian jazz bassist (b. 1926)

2006 - Betty Friedan, American feminist (b. 1921)

2006 - Myron Waldman, American animator (b. 1908)

2007 - Barbara McNair, American singer and actress (b. 1934)

2009 - Lux Interior, Frontman of the garage rock band The Cramps (b. 1946)

 

 

 

2012 - Florence Greenlast surviving veteran of World War Onedies at 110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1377 - Cardinal Robert of Geneva (anti-pope Clemens VII) starts term

1377 - Mass execution of population of Cesena Italy

1451 - Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.

1488 - Bartholomeus Diaz discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)

1509 - The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.

1576 - Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris

1660 - General Moncks army reaches London

1690 - 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass)

1743 - Philadelphia establishes a “pesthouse” to quarantine immigrants

1783 - Spain recognizes US independence

1807 - A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.

1809 - Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)

1815 - World’s 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland

1834 - Wake Forest University is established.

1836 - Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)

1855 - Wisconsin Supreme Ct declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional

1864 - Sherman’s march through Mississippi

1865 - Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse

1870 - 15th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed

1876 - Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football

1882 - Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo

1887 - To avoid disputed natl elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act

1894 - 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched, Bath, Me

1895 - Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)

1900 - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.

1908 - Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act

1913 - 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified

1915 - Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal

1916 - Canada’s original Parliament buildings, in Ottawa, burns down

1917 - US liner Housatonic sunk by German sub & diplomatic relations severed

1919 - League of Nations 1st meeting (Paris)

1930 - Vietnamese Communistic Party forms

1930 - William Howard Taft, resigns as chief justice for health reasons

1931 - Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state “apex of moronia”

1931 - The Hawke’s Bay earthquake, New Zealand’s worst natural disaster, kills 258

1941 - Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets min wages & max hrs

1942 - 1st Japanese air raid on Java

1943 - 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others

1944 - World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.

1945 - Almost 1000 Flying Fortresses drop 3000 ton bombs on Berlin

1945 - Walt Disney’s “3 Caballeros” released

1947 - -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)

1947 - 1st black reporter in Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)

1948 - Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US

1950 - Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spy charges

1951 - Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time

1951 - Largest purse to date in horse racing, $144,323, won by Great Circle

1953 - J Fred Muggs, a chimp, becomes a regular on NBC’s Today Show

 

 

 

1956 - Toni Sailor becomes 1st Olympic skier to sweep 3 alpine events

 

 

 

 

 

 

1959 - American Airlines Electra crashes in NY’s East River, killing 65

1961 - 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4″ (44.2cm))

1962 - John Uelses pole vaults record 489 cm

1962 - Pres Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs

1965 - 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating on exams

1965 - Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)

1966 - 1st operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched US

1966 - 1st soft landing on Moon (Soviet Luna 9)

1967 - “Purple Haze” recorded by Jimi Hendrix

1967 - Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.

1969 - The Palestine National Congress appointed Yasser Arafat head of PLO

1972 - 11th Winter Olympic games opens in Sapporo, Japan (1st in Asia)

1973 - Dr Hook’s “Cover of “Rolling Stone”” enters Top 40 & peaks at #6

1973 - President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act into law

1979 - “YMCA” by Village People peaks at #2 on pop singles chart

1979 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne

1982 - Greatest helicopter lift, 56,888 kg, Podmoscovnoe, USSR

1982 - John Sharples of England finishes disco dancing 371 hours

1982 - Porn star John Holmes ordered to stand trial for murder

1986 - Pres Reagan announces formation of Comm on Challenger Accident

1987 - SD Yacht Club celebrates return of America’s Cup

1989 - Military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay

1990 - Darryl Strawberry voluntarily enters Smither Center for Alcohol rehabilitation

1990 - Jockey Billy Shoemaker (58), retires after 40,350 horse race

1992 - Defense opens calling Noriega “our ally in war on drugs”

1992 - Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $300 per week

1993 - Cin Red owner Marge Schott suspended for 1 year due to racist comments

1993 - Federal trial of 4 police officers charged with civil rights violations in videotaped beating of Rodney King begins in LA Calif

1994 - Pres Bill Clinton lifts US trade embargo against Vietnam

1998 - Stamps commemorating Princess Diana go on sale across Britain

1998 - US military plane clips cable car lines in northern Italy, kills 20

1998 - Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former teacher, violates probation with 14 year-old father of her baby

1998 - Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.

2011 - All available blocks of IPv4 internet addresses are officially distributed to regional authorities.

 

 

 

Births

1338 - Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)

1368 - Charles VI, King of France (1380-1422)

1525 - Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina, composer

1655 - Francois Fagel, Dutch fieldmarshal, baptized

1677 - Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)

1721 - Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)

 

 

 

1747 - Samuel OsgoodAmerican patriot (d. 1813)

 

 

 

 

 

1784 - John Fane graaf van Westmorland, English (opera)composer/diplomat

1795 - Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)

 

 

 

1807 - Joseph Eggleston JohnstonGen (Confederate Army), died in 1891

 

 

 

 

 

1809 - Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Hamburg Germ, composer (Great Scherzos)

1811 - Horace Greeley, editor (“Go west, young man”)

1817 - Samuel Ryan Curtis, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866

1817 - Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)

1820 - Elisha Kent Kane, US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)

1821 - Elizabeth Blackwell, Bristol England, 1st woman physician

1823 - Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood’s Hole Station)

1824 - George Thomas “Tige” Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1824 - Nathan George “Shanks” Evans, Brig Gen (Confederacy), died in 1868

1826 - Walter Bagehot, England, economist/sociologist

1830 - Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902)

1831 - Cyrus Ballou Comstock, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1910

1859 - Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)

1874 - Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)

1878 - Joseph Gordon Coates, PM of New Zealand (1925-28)

1879 - Charles Follis, 1st black NFLer (Shelby, Ohio)

1883 - Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)

1893 - Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)

1894 - Norman Rockwell, US, artist/illustrator (Sat Evening Post covers)

1898 - Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)

1899 - Forrest “Red” DeBernardi, basketball hall of famer (elected 1961)

1904 - Charlie “Pretty Boy” Floyd, FBI Most Wanted criminal

1907 - James A Michner, NYC, writer (South Pacific, Hawaii, Space)

1907 - James Michener, American author (d. 1997)

1908 - Oddbjorn Hagen, Norway, cross country jumper (Olympic-gold-1936)

 

 

 

1909 - Simone WeilParissocial philosopher/Resistance fighter (WW II)

 

 

 

 

 

1911 - Jesse Thomas, blues singer

1913 - Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)

1918 - Joey Bishop, [Gottlieb], Bronx, talk show host (Joey Bishop Show)

1918 - Helen Stephens, Fulton Mo, American 100m runner (double Olympic gold-1936)

1920 - Henry Heimlich, doctor/inventor (Heimlich maneuver)

1920 - Stan Ockers, Belgian bicyclist (Tour de France 1955, 56)

1920 - Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver

1925 - John Fiedler, Platville Wisc, actor (Mr Peterson-Newhart)

1926 - Arthur Arfons, auto racer/designer (Green Monster 1964-536.71 MPH)

1926 - Shelley Berman, Chicago, comedian (Son of Blob, Love American Style)

1928 - Mr [Fred] Rogers, Latrobe, Pa, kid host (Mr Roger’s Neighorhood)

 

 

 

1935 - Johnny “Guitar” Watsonbluesmanguitarist

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1938 - Victor Buono, SD California, actor (Man from Atlantis, Untouchables)

1938 - Vladimir Grigoryevich Fartushny, Russia, cosmonaut

1938 - Emile Griffith, US Virgin Islands professional boxer

1940 - Fran Tarkenton, Richmond Va, NFL QB (NY Giants, Minnesota Vikings)

1943 - Blythe Danner, Phila PA, actress (Butterflies are Free)

1943 - Dennis Edwards, rocker (Temptations-Aint Too Proud To Beg, My Girl)

1945 - Bob Griese, NFL quarterback (Miami Dolphins, 1971 Player of Year)

1945 - Johnny Cymbal, rocker (Mr Bass Man)

 

 

 

1947 - Dave DaviesLondonrock vocalist/guitarist (Kinks-Lola)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1947 - Melanie, [Safka], Astoria, vocalist/songwriter (Candles in Rain)

1949 - Oscar Benton, Dutch blues vocalist/guitarist (Ze is Zoals Jij)

1950 - Morgan Fairchild, [Patsy McClenny], Dallas Tx, actress (Falcon Crest)

1951 - Felipe Munoz, Mexico, 200m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1968)

1952 - Fred Lynn, Chicago, baseball outfielder (Boston, California, Baltimore)

1956 - Nathan Lane, Jersey NJ, actor (One of the Boys, Frankie & Johnnie)

1956 - Pamela Cossey, England, model/sister of transsexual Tula

1956 - Lee Ranaldo, American musician (Sonic Youth)

1957 - Michele Greene, Las Vegas Nevada, actress (Abby Perkins-LA Law)

1958 - Joe Frank Edwards Jr, Richmond Va, Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 89)

1958 - Lee Crystal, rocker (Joan Jett & Blackhearts-Ashes in the Wind)

1958 - N. Gregory Mankiw, American economist

1959 - Molly Killingbeck, Jamaica, 4X400m relayer (Olympic-silver-1984)

1961 - Jay Adams, American skateboarder

1961 - Linda Eder, American singer

1965 - Dorcas Wonsavage, Madison Wis, cross country skier (Olympics-1994)

1965 - Kathleen Kimont, LA California, actress (Fraternity Vacation, Renegade)

1965 - Maura Tierney, Boston, actress (Lisa-Newsradio)

1966 - Gillian Bonner, Athens GA, playmate (Apr, 1996)

1966 - Sean Patrick Wade, Houston Texas, NZ marathoner (Olympics-96)

1967 - Jason Morris, Scotia NY, half-middleweight judoka (Oly-silver-92, 96)

1967 - Natalie Hunter, Melbourne VIC Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1976 - Isla Fisher, Australian actress

1989 - Ryne Sanborn, American actor

1990 - Cody Newton Gifford, son of Kathie Lee & Frank Gifford

1994 - Tallulah Belle Willis, 3rd daughter of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore

 

 

 

Deaths

474 - Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (457-74), dies

619 - Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury

699 - Saint Werburgh

865 - Ansgar/Anscharius/Oskar, German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg/saint, dies

1014 - Sweyn Forkbeard, Viking king of Denmark, Norway and England (1013-14), dies

1116 - King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)

1399 - John of Ghent, duke of Lancaster/king of Castile & Leon, dies at 58

1428 - Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)

1468 - Johann Gensfleisch Gutenberg, printer, dies

1536 - Garcia de Resende, Port writer/publisher (Cancioneiro Geral), dies

1619 - Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)

1697 - Sjoucke Gabbes, Frisian sailor, dies/buried on Dirk-Hartog Island

1737 - Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)

1862 - Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer, dies at 87

1874 - Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)

 

 

 

1889 - Belle StarrUS female gangstermurdered at 40

 

 

 

 

 

1922 - Christiaan R de Wet, South African Boer general, dies at 67

1922 - John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)

1924 - Woodrow Wilson, 28th US president (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67

1925 - Jaap Eden, Dutch World champion bicyclist/speed skating, dies at 51

1929 - Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)

1931 - Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72

1935 - Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)

1943 - Alexander Goode, rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns

1945 - Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies

1947 - Marc A “Pete” Mitscher, US lt-adm (WW II-Task Force 58), dies at 60

1956 - Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)

1956 - Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916)

1958 - Henry Kuttner, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were), dies at 42

1959 - Big Bopper, rocker, dies in plane crash at 28
1959 - Buddy Holly, rocker (That’ll be the Day), dies in a plane crash at 22
1959 - Richie Valens, rock vocalist (Donna), killed in plane crash at 17

1964 - Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)

1971 - Jay C Flippen, actor (Ensign O’Toole), dies at 72

1975 - William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (b. 1873)

1984 - Ravindara Mhatrem, Indian diplomat, killed in England

1985 - Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)

1989 - John Cassavetes, actor/director (Husbands, Dirty Dozen), dies at 59

 

 

 

1991 - Nancy Kulpactress (Jane Hathaway-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

1995 - Turner Fodrell, blues singer/guitarist, dies at 66

1996 - Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property Developer, dies at 81

 

 

 

1996 - Wild Jimmy Spruillblues guitaristdies at 61

 

 

 

 

 

1997 - William Geoffrey Biddle, bomb disposal expert, dies at 79

1998 - Karla Faye Tucker, murderer, executed at 38

2003 - Lana Clarkson, American actress (b. 1962)

2005 - Ernst Mayr, German-born biologist (b. 1904)

 

 

 

2006 - Al LewisAmerican actor (b. 1923)

 

 

 

 

 

2007 - Pedro Knight, Cuban-American musician, husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz (b. 1921)

2008 - Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot (b. 1916)

2009 - Sheng-yen, Buddhist monk and founder of Dharma Drum Mountain. (b. 1930)

2010 - Regina, Crown Princess of Austria (b. 1925)

2011 - Maria Schneider, French actress (b. 1952)

2012 - Norton Zinder, American biologist, dies from pneumonia at 83

2012 - Christopher Samuel Youd, British science fiction writer, dies at 89

2012 - Ben Gazzara, American actor, dies from pancreatic cancer at 81

2012 - Zalman King, American actor and director, dies from cancer at 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

506 - King Alarik II of Visigoten delegates Lex Romania Visigothorum out

962 - Pope John XII crowns German King Otto I the Great Emperor

1032 - Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes King of Burgundy, succeeding Rudolf III

 

 

 

1141 - Battle at LincolnKing Stephen captured

 

 

 

 

 

1461 - 2nd battle of St Alban’s-Lancastrian defeat Yorkists

1509 - The Battle of Diu takes place near Diu, India, between Portugal and Turkey.

1542 - Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Moslem-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.

1653 - New Amsterdam becomes a city (later renamed New York City)

1709 - British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires “Robinson Crusoe”

1787 - Arthur St. Clair is elected the 9th President of the President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation.

1798 - Federal St Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire

1802 - 1st leopard exhibited in US, Boston (admission 25 cents)

1811 - Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of SF

1829 - Madman Jonathan Martin sets York Cathedral afire, does £60,000 damage

1848 - 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF

1848 - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million

1852 - 1st British public men’s toilet opens (Fleet St London)

1863 - Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time

1864 - -Oct 7th) Cruise of CSS Florida

1869 - James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade

1870 - Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum

1882 - Knights of Columbus forms in New Haven, Conn

1887 - In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day is observed.

1892 - Bottle cap with cork seal patented by William Painter (Baltimore)

1892 - Longest boxing match under modern rules; 77 rounds in Nameoki, Illinois between Harry Sharpe & Frank Crosby

1893 - 1st movie close-up (of a sneeze), Edison studio, West Orange, NJ

1894 - US warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island

1901 - Queen Victoria’s funeral takes place.

1912 - Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)

1913 - NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe

1922 - James Joyce’s “Ulysses” published in Paris (1,000 copies)

1923 - Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio

1923 - US signs friendship treaty with Central American countries

1924 - International Ski Federation (FIS) forms

1925 - Belgian episcopacy rejects liberalism, communism & socialism

1925 - Dogsleds reach Nome with emergency diphtheria serum after 1000-km

1926 - 3 men dance Charleston for 22 hours

1927 - Ziegfeld Theater (Loew’s Ziegfeld) opens at 6th Ave & 54th St NYC

1931 - 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students

1931 - 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)

1932 - Al Capone sent to prison (Atlanta, Georgia)

1933 - 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves Parliament

1934 - Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism/nazism

1935 - Lie detector 1st used in court (Portage Wisc)

1935 - Leonarde Keeler tests the first polygraph machine.

1940 - Frank Sinatra’s singing debut in Indianapolis (Tommy Dorsey Orch)

1942 - LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans

1942 - US auto factories switch from commercial to war production

 

 

 

1943 - Battle of Stalingrad ends with final surrender of the German army

 

 

 

 

 

1943 - German 6th Army surrenders at Stalingrad, turning point of WW II

1944 - 4th US marine division conquerors Roi, Marshall Islands

1945 - Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp

1949 - 1st 45 RPM record released

1949 - Golfing champ Ben Hogan seriously injured in an auto accident

1950 - 1st broadcast of “What’s My Line,” on CBS-TV

1951 - -35°F (-37°C), Greensburg, Indiana (state record until 1994)

1954 - Pres Eisenhower reports detonation of 1st H-bomb (done in 1952)

1954 - Snow falls on Gibraltar

1955 - 1st presidential news conference on network TV-Eisenhower on ABC

1956 - Coasters sign with Atlantic Records

1958 - Syria joins Egypt in United Arab Republic

1959 - Buddy Holly’s last performance

1959 - Vince Lombardi signs a 5 year contract to coach Green Bay Packers

1960 - Michale Eufemia sinks 625 balls in pool match without a miss

1962 - 1st pole vault over 16′ (4.88m) (John Uelses-16′, Melrose Games)

1962 - 8 of 9 planets align for 1st time in 400 years

1963 - Helen Shapiro begins tour (Beatles are part of undercard)

1964 - GI Joe, debuts as a popular American boy’s toy

1964 - Sjoukje Dijkstra (Neth) wins Olympic gold for figure skating

1967 - Formation of American Basketball Association is announced

1968 - Springer Publishers in West Berlin, bombed

1970 - Pete Maravich becomes 1st to score 3,000 college basketball points

1971 - Idi Amin ousts Milton Obote to become dictator of Uganda

1973 - “Midnight Special” rock music show debuts on NBC-TV

1973 - James R Schlesinger, becomes 9th director of CIA (until July)

1973 - Richard Helms, ends term as 8th director of CIA

1974 - Smallest crowd at Cleveland Arena (Cavs vs Golden State-1,641)

1974 - The F-16 Fighting Falcon flies for the first time.

1975 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill

1976 - “Honeymooners Second Honeymoon” airs on TV

1976 - “Rich Little Show,” debuts on NBC-TV

1977 - Burn up of Salyut 4 Space Station (USSR)

1977 - Radio Shack officially begins creating TRS-80 computer

1980 - FBI releases details of Abscam, a sting operation that targeted 31 elected & public officials for bribes for political favors

 

 

 

1982 - Hama MassacreThe government of Syria attacks the town of Hama and kills thousands of people.

 

 

 

 

 

1983 - Chicago Absp Joseph L Bernardin is among 18 new cardinals invested

1984 - Lebanese army fight in Beirut

1985 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano

1989 - 0°F (-18°C) or below in 15 US states

1989 - FW de Klerk replaces Botha as South Africa’s National Party leader

1991 - US postage is raised from 25 cents to 29 cents

1992 - IRS & Willie Nelson settle on $9M tax bill (of $16.7M)

1993 - Frito Lay pays court ordered $2,500,000 to Tom Wait for using his song

1996 - Ali Landry, 22, (Louisiana), crowned 45th Miss USA

2003 - Russian pop girl duo Tatu start a four-week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with ‘All The Things She Said’

2012 - Cold snap across Europe kills more than 100 people (over 400 people by 08-02)

2012 - MV Rabaul Queen sinks off the coast of Papa New Guinea with 246 people saved and 126 missing (100 of these estimated to be trapped inside)

 

 

 

Births

1208 - James I of Aragon (d. 1276)

1455 - King John of Denmark (d. 1513)

1494 - Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)

1502 - Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1574)

1522 - Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (d. 1565)

1583 - Anna Roemers Visscher, Dutch poetess

1595 - Jacob van Campen, painter/architect (New Church, Amsterdam)

1600 - Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)

1695 - William Borlase, English naturalist (d. 1772)

1695 - François de Chevert, French general (d. 1769)

1802 - Jean-Baptiste JD Boussingault, French chemist

 

 

 

1803 - Albert Sidney JohnstonGen (Confederate Army), died in 1862

 

 

 

 

 

1815 - Nathaniel Collins McLean, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1905

1817 - John Glover, English chemist (sulfuric acid)

1827 - Abner Monroe Perrin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1829 - Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)

1841 - François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)

1842 - Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)

1850 - Carel V Gerritsen, Dutch free thinker

1859 - Havelock Ellis, US physician/sexologist (Psychology of Sex)

1861 - Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)

1861 - Solomon R Guggenheim, philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC)

1881 - Karl Frederick, pistol champ (Olympic-gold-1920)

1882 - James Joyce, Ireland, novelist/poet (Dubliners, Ulysses, Finnigan’s Wake)

1893 - Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1974)

1893 - Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (d. 1970)

1895 - George S Halas, [Papa Bear], end/coach (Bears), co-founder NFL

1896 - Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (d. 1980)

1897 - Howard Johnson, American hotelier (d. 1972)

1897 - Aimé Avignon, France’s former oldest living man (d. 2007)

1905 - Ayn Rand, Russian-born author and philosopher (Atlas Shrugged, Fountainhead)(d. 1982)

1905 - Jean-Pierre Guerlain, cosmetics pioneer

1908 - Clarence “Buster” Crabbe, California, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1932)/actor

1910 - Charlotte Auerbach, computer Pioneer/Mathematician

1915 - Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (d. 2002)

1920 - An Wang, founder (Wang Labs, Wang Computers)

1923 - James Dickey, Atlanta, poet/actor (Deliverance)

1923 - Peter Fowler, physicist

1923 - Liz Smith, American gossip columnist

1926 - Elaine Stritch, Detroit Mich, actress (My Sister Eileen, Company)

1926 - Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, French politician

1927 - Stan Getz, Phila, jazz tenor saxophonist (Benny Goodman, Jimmy Dorsey)

1931 - Judith Viorst, American author

1932 - Robert Mandan, Clever Mo, actor (Chester-Soap, James-3′s a Crowd)

1934 - [Clyde] Skip Batten, LA California, rocker (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn)

1937 - Martina Arroyo, NYC, opera soprano (NY Met)

1937 - Tom Smothers, NYC, comedian (Smother Brother Show, Serial)

1939 - Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist, father of electronics in Iran (d. 2000)

1940 - Alan “Tea” Caddy, rock guitarist (Tornados-Globetrotter)

1940 - Thomas M[ichael] Disch, US, sci-fi author (Genocides, 102 H-Bombs)

1940 - Wayne Fontes, American football coach

1942 - Barry Diller, founder (Fox-TV)

1942 - Bo Hopkins, Greenville SC, actor (Dynasty, Doc Elliot, Rockford Files)

1942 - Graham Nash, guitarist (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young-Southern Cross)

1943 - Peter MacBeth, rocker (Foundations)

 

 

 

1946 - Farrah FawcettTexasactress (Charley’s AngelsBurning Bed)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1946 - Howard Bellamy, Darby Fla, vocalist (Bellamy Bros-Let Your Love Flow)

1947 - Aleksandr Medved, USSR, wrestler (Olympic-gold-1964, 68, 72)

1947 - Peter Lucia, rock drummer (Tommy James & Shondells-Crystal Blue)

1948 - Alan McKay, rocker (Earth Wind & Fire-Boogie Wonderland)

1948 - Jessica Savitch, Kennet Sq PA, news anchor (NBC)

1949 - Ross Valory, SF, rock bassist (Journey-Who’s Crying Now, Open Arms)

1949 - Tom Tripplehorn, rocker (Gary Lewis & Playboys-This Diamond Ring)

1951 - Alphonso Johnson, jazz bassist

1951 - Kim Zimmer, Mich, actress (Guiding Light, Doctors, One Life to Live)

1952 - Simon MacCorkindale, Cambridge Engl, actor (Jaws 3, MacBeth) [or 2/12]

1953 - Duane Chapman, American bounty hunter.

1954 - Christie Brinkley, [Ex-Mrs Billy Joel], model/actress (SI, Vacation)

1958 - Dexter Manley, NFLer (Wash Redskins)

1962 - Andy Fordham, English darts player

1963 - Pebbles Flintstone, fictional character on “The Flintstones”

1963 - Philip Laats, Belgian judoka

1966 - Tony Plourde, Chibougamau Quebec, sabre (Olympics-96)

1967 - Laurent Nkunda, Congolese general

1968 - Paul McKenzie, Australian Finn class yachter (Olympics-96)

1972 - Tego Calderón , nominated reggaeton singer/rapper.

1973 - Sergio Gonzalez, rocker (Menudo-Cannonball)

1974 - Jeff Cassar, soccer goalkeeper (Olympics-gold-96)

 

 

 

1977 - Shakira [Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll], Barranquilla, Colombiapop singer (‘Whenever Wherever‘, ‘Waka Waka‘)

 

 

 

 

 

1979 - Lindsay Langston, Modesto California, archer (Olympics-1996)

1979 - Petra Cada, Prague Czech, Canadian table tennis player (Olympics-96)

1979 - Shamita Shetty, Indian actress

1982 - Brandy Talore, American pornographic actress

1982 - Han Ga In, South Korean model/actress

1992 - Rebop Rundgren, son of Michelle Gray & Todd

 

 

 

Deaths

672 - Saint Chad

1032 - Rudolf III, last independent king of Bourgundy, dies

1124 - Bořivoj II of Bohemia

1218 - Konstantin of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod (b. 1186)

1250 - Eric XI of Sweden (b. 1216)

1435 - Johanna II, lawless Queen of Naples (1414-35), dies at 61

1461 - Owen Tudor, Welsh founder of the Tudor dynasty of England

1580 - Bessho Nagaharu, Japanese retainer (b. 1558)

1648 - George Abbot, English writer

1685 - Charles II, King of England/Scotland/Ireland (1660-85), dies at 54

1688 - Abraham Duquesne, French naval officer (b. 1610)

1704 - Guillaume F A de l’Hospital, French mathematician, dies at about 62

1712 - Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician

1723 - Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist, dies at 66

1768 - Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)

1793 - William Aiton, English botanist (Kew Gardens), dies at 61

 

 

 

1804 - George WaltonSigner of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1749-50)

 

 

 

 

 

1904 - William C. Whitney, American financier (b. 1841)

1907 - Dmitri I Mendelejev, Russian chemist (Periodic Table), dies at 72

1918 - John L Sullivan, Mass, heavyweight boxing champ, dies at 59

1926 - Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)

1931 - Theodor Batthynyi, Hungarian contra-revolutionary, dies at 71

1945 - Karl F Goerdeler, mayor (Leipzig)/”July 20th plot”, hanged at 60

1950 - Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (b. 1873)

1957 - Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (b. 1890)

1961 - Anna May Wong, actress (Thief of Baghdad), dies at about 56

 

 

 

1969 - Boris Karloff, [Pratt], British actor (Frankenstein), dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

1969 - Giovanni Martinelli, opera singer (NY Met), dies at 83

1970 - Bertrand Russell, philosopher, British MP, dies in Merioneth at 97

1979 - Sid Vicious, [John Simon Ritchie], bassist (Sex Pistols), OD’s at 31

1980 - William H Stein, US biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies at 68

1981 - Donald W Douglas, US aircraft pioneer/builder, dies at 88

1983 - Sam Chatman, elder statesman of the blues, dies

1987 - Alfred Lion, record founder (Blue Note), dies at 78

1987 - Patrick “Spike” Hughes, Brit jazz musician (Cinderella), dies at 78

 

 

 

1987 - Alistair MacLeanScottish novelist (b. 1922)

 

 

 

 

 

1988 - G Mennen Williams, Supreme Court justice, dies at 76 in Detroit

1989 - John Cassavetes, US actor (Rosemary’s Baby)/director, dies at 59

1992 - Bert Parks, [Jacobson], TV host (Miss America), dies at 77

1992 - Jack [John T] Aitken, British anatomist, dies at 78

1994 - Willie Mae Ford Smith, gospel Singer/Songwriter, dies at 89

1994 - Zilner T Randolph, jazz Trumpeter/ Arranger, dies at 95

1995 - Donald Pleasance, English actor (Halloween), dies at 75

1995 - Robert L Haller, coon Dog Trainer, dies at 32

1996 - Gene Kelly, actor/dancer (Singing in the Rain), dies at 83

1996 - Ray McIntire, chemical engineer, dies at 77

2005 - Max Schmeling, German boxer (b. 1905)

2007 - Masao Takemoto, Japanese gymnast (b. 1919)

2007 - Billy Henderson, American singer (The Spinners) (b. 1939)

2007 - Joe Hunter, American pianist and bandleader of The Funk Brothers (b. 1927)

2007 - Eric von Schmidt, American folk/blues singer-songwriter (b. 1931)

2012 - Dorothy Gilman, American mystery writer, dies from Alzheimer’s disease at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

772 - Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.

1539 - Emperor Karel & King Francois I sign anti-English treaty

1587 - English queen Elizabeth I signs Mary Stuarts death sentence

1662 - Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders for Chinese pirates

1709 - Alexander Selkirk [Robinson Crusoe] rescued from Juan Fernandez

1788 - 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet

1789 - Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long

1790 - Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)

1796 - The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.

1810 - 1st insurance co managed by blacks (American Insurance Co of Phila)

1810 - Seville, Spain surrenders to French

1810 - US Population: 7,239,881, Black population: 1,377,808 (19%)

1814 - Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200

1840 - Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated

 

 

 

1856 - Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.

 

 

 

 

 

1861 - American Civil War: Texas becomes the 7th state to secede from the United States.

1862 - Julia Howe publishes “Battle Hymn of Republic”

1865 - 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)

1865 - General Sherman’s march through South Carolina begins

1871 - Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)

1881 - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized

1884 - 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published

1887 - Harvey Wilcox of Ks subdivides 120 acres he owned in Southern California & starts selling it off as a real estate development (Hollywood)

1892 - Mrs William Astor invites 400 guests to a grand ball at her mansion thus beginning use of “400″ to describe socially elite

1893 - Thomas Edison complete’s worlds 1st movie studio (West Orange NJ)

1896 - Giacomo Puccini’s Opera “La Boheme,” premieres in Turin

1897 - Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.

1898 - 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co

1909 - US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah opens

1914 - Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed

1914 - Tanganyika Railway opens

1917 - Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war

1920 - 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul Minn)

1920 - Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police

1923 - Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini

1937 - Stapleton, Staten Island becomes a customs-free port

1940 - Russia begins new offensive against Finland

1943 - German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier

1943 - Mussert forms pro Nazi shadow cabinet (Neth)

1944 - US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur

1945 - US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie

1948 - Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed

1949 - 200″ (5.08-m) Hale telescope 1st used [See June 3, 1948]

1949 - RCA releases 1st single record ever (45 rpm)

1950 - USSR demands condemnation of Emperor Hirohito for war crimes

1951 - -50°F (-46°C), Gavilan, New Mexico (state record)

1951 - 1st X-ray moving picture process demonstrated

1951 - 1st telecast of atomic explosion

1951 - Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed

1951 - UN condemns People’s Republic of China as aggressor in Korea

1953 - “General Electric Theater” premieres on CBS TV; Reagan later hosts

1953 - “You Are There” with Walter Cronkite premieres on CBS television

1954 - 1st TV soap opera “Secret Storm” premieres

1957 - 1st black pilot (PH Young) on a US scheduled passenger airline

 

 

 

1957 - Felix Wankel’s first working prototype DKM 54 of the Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany

 

 

 

 

 

1958 - 1st US satellite (Explorer I) launched

1959 - Swiss males vote against voting rights for women

1959 - Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)

1959 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss

1959 - US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins

1960 - 4 students stage 1st civil rights sit-in, at Greensboro NC Woolworth

1960 - Extreme right-wing rebels in Algiers surrender

1961 - 1st full-scale test of US Minuteman ICBM is successful

1961 - British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive

1964 - Beatles’ “I Want to Hold Your Hand,” 1st #1 hit, stays #1 for 7 weeks

1964 - Indiana Governor Mathew Walsh tries to ban “Louie Louie” for obscenity

1965 - Martin Luther King Jr & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma Ala

1965 - Peter Jennings, 26, becomes anchor of ABC’s nightly news

1968 - Former VP Richard Nixon announces candidacy for president

1968 - Vince Lombardi resigns as coach of Green Bay Packers

 

 

 

1968 - Famous photoSaigon police chief Nguyen Ngoc Loan executes a Viet Cong officer with a pistol shot to head

 

 

 

 

 

1969 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1969 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood

1972 - 1st scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) introduced ($395)

1974 - “Good Times” (spinoff from “Maude”) premieres on CBS TV

1976 - Sonny & Cher resume TV show, despite real-life divorce

1976 - East Lansing police arrest Dodgers reliever Mike Marshall for taking batting practice at Mich State U after he is warned not to

1977 - Heavy blizzard in New England claims 100 lives

1978 - Harriet Tubman is 1st black woman honored on a US postage stamp

1978 - Director Roman Polanski skips bail & fled to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl

1979 - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 yrs in exile

1979 - Patricia Hearst is released from a SF prison for bank robbery

1981 - French government accord sends 60 Mirage fighter jets to Iraq

1982 - “Late Night With David Letterman” debuts on NBC-TV

1984 - Ravindara Mhatrem, Indian diplomat, kidnapped in England (killed 0203)

1985 - -61°F (-52°C), Maybell, Colorado (state record)

1985 - -69°F (-56°C), Peter’s Sink, Utah (state record)

1985 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Tiffany Chin

1987 - 163 day strike against Deere & Co ends, workers accept wage freeze

1989 - Comet Schwassmann-Wachmann 1 at perihelion

1991 - Afghanistan/Pakistan hit by earthquake, 1,200 die

1991 - President F W de Klerk, says he would repeal all apartheid laws

1992 - Barry Bonds signs baseball’s highest single year contract ($4.7 mil)

1992 - Denis Potvin’s #5 becomes 1st number retired by NY Islanders

1993 - NY Judge Sol Wachtler indicted for harassing Joy Silverman

1994 - Large meteorite falls near Kusaie, Pacific Ocean

1995 - Amtrak NY-Tampa run ends

1996 - The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.

1998 - Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne became the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral.

2003 - Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.

2004 - 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.

2004 - Janet Jackson’s breast is exposed during the half-time show of Super Bowl XXXVIII, resulting in US broadcasters adopting a stronger adherence to FCC censorship guidelines.

2009 - Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is elected as the first female Prime Minister of Iceland, becoming the first openly gay Head of State in the modern world.

2012 - At least 73 people are killed in the Egyptian football riots in Port Said

 

 

 

Births

1261 - Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (d. 1326)

1459 - Conrad Celtes, German scholar (d. 1508)

1462 - Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (d. 1516)

1552 - Edward Coke, Mileham Norfolk, jurist/politician (defended common law)

1659 - Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch Swiss lawyer/navigator (Easter Island)

1663 - Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, foundress (d. 1748)

1791 - Charles J Sax, Belgian music instrument builder

1801 - Thomas Cole, US, romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)

1807 - William Bowen Campbell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1819 - Henry Lawrence Eustis, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885

1829 - John Potts Slough, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1844 - Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)

1872 - Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)

1873 - John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)

 

 

 

1895 - John FordCape Elizabeth Mainedirector (StagecoachAir MailQuiet Man)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1896 - Anastasio “Tacho” Somoza, general/pres of Nicaragua (1937-56)

1901 - Clark Gable, Cadiz Ohio, American actor (Gone With the Wind)

1902 - Langston Hughes, poet/translator (Weary Blues)

1902 - Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947, by execution)

 

 

 

1904 - S J PerelmanBrooklynauthor/humorist (Around the World in 80 Days)

 

 

 

 

 

1908 - George Pal, Hungarian/US director (When Worlds Collide, Puppetoons)

1918 - Muriel Spark, Edinburgh Scotland, novelist (Prime of Miss Jean Brodie)

1924 - H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997)

1926 - Stuart Whitman, SF California, actor (Capt Apache, Ransom, Cimarron Strip)

1928 - Peter Gordon Dorrell, archaeologist/photographer

1928 - Sam Edwards, physicist

1931 - Boris Yeltsin, Ural Mts USSR, president of Russian SSR

1931 - Madeline Berthod, Switzerland, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1956)

1931 - Mark Richmond, CEO (Science & Engineering Research Council)

1935 - Vladimir Viktorovich Aksyonov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 22, T-2)

1937 - Don Everly, Brownie Ky, vocalist (Everly Bros-Wake Up Little Susie)

1937 - Dr Hook, [Ray Sawyer], Ala, vocalist (Dr Hook-When You’re in Love)

1937 - Garrett Morris, New Orleans La, actor (SNL, Martin, Carwash)

1938 - Jimmy Carl Black, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1938 - Sherman Hemsley, Phila, actor (All in the Family, Jeffersons, Amen), (d. 2012)

1939 - Del McCoury, bluegrass singer/musician

1940 - Bibi Besch, Vienna Austria, actress (Star Trek 2, Beast Within)

1941 - Anatoliy Firssov, USSR, ice hockey play (Olympic-gold-1964, 68, 72)

1941 - Franco Nones, Italy, 30K cross country skier (Olympic-gold-1968)

1941 - Robert Walmsley, British Vice-Admiral

 

 

 

1942 - Terry JonesColwyn Bay North Walescomedian (Monty Python)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1945 - Ole Buck, composer

1950 - Mike Campbell, American guitarist and producer

1952 - Rick James, [James Johnson], rock/soul/funk vocalist (Super Freak)

1954 - Billy Mumy, California, actor (Will Robinson-Lost in Space, Dear Brigitte)

1954 - Mike Campbell, guitarist (Tom Petty & Heartbreakers-Breakdown)

1961 - Daniel M Tani, Ridley Park MD, astronaut

1963 - Jani Lane, heavy metal drummer (Warrant-Cherry Pie)

1964 - Linus Roache, English actor

1965 - Brandon Lee, Emerson Colo, actor (Showdown in Little Tokyo)

1965 - Sherilyn Fenn, Detroit Mich, actress (2 Moon Junction, Twin Peaks)

1965 - Stephanie Marie Elisabeth de Grimaldi, Monte Carlo Monaco, Princess

1966 - Michelle Akers, Santa Clara California, soccer forward (Olympics-96)

1968 - George Quigley Jr, Cin Ohio, skeet (Olympics-1996)

1968 - Lisa Marie Presley Keough Jackson, Memphis Tenn, daughter of Elvis

1968 - Pauly Shore, Hollywood, comedian (Totally Pauly, Encino Man)

1969 - Bryan Jacob, Palatka Fla, 59 kg (130 lbs) weightlifter (Oly-1992, 96)

1969 - John Moore, Australian baseball catcher (Olympics-1996)

1969 - Joshua Redman, American musician

 

 

 

1969 - Andrew BreitbartLos AngelesCaliforniaconservative blogger and publisher, (d. 2012)

 

TRIBUTE

 

 

 

 

1970 - Yasuyuki Kazama, Japanese racing driver

1972 - [Thomas] Carlton Bruner, US, 1500m freestyle swimmer (Olympics-96)

1972 - Yoshi DeHerrera, American TV personality

1973 - Yuri Landman, Experimental musical instrument builder, musician and comic book artist

1974 - Lisa Marie Scott, Pensacola FL, playmate (Feb, 1994)

1974 - David Meca, Spanish long distance swimmer

1975 - Big Boi, American musician (Outkast)

1976 - Phil Ivey, American poker player

1979 - Valentin Elizalde, Mexican Singer (d.2006)

1981 - Rob Austin, British racing driver

1985 - Rachael Scdoris, American dog musher

1986 - Lauren Conrad, American TV star

 

 

Deaths

656 - Sigebert III, king of Austrasia, dies at about 25

1204 - Alexius IV Angelus, regent of Byzantium (1203-04), murdered

1294 - Louis II, the Stern, ruler of Upper-Bayern, dies

1328 - Charles IV, the Handsome, King of France (1322-28), dies

1502 - Olivier de la Marche, Flemish writer/poet/governor, dies

 

 

 

1650 - Rene Descartesphilosopher “I think therefore I am“, stops thinking

 

 

 

 

 

1666 - Sjihab al-Din Sultan C Shah Djahan, mogol of India (Taj-Mahal), dies

1768 - Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (b. 1685)

1839 - Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist, dies at 76

1850 - Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln

1851 - Mary Shelley, novelist (Frankenstein), dies at 53

1869 - Frederik W Conrad, hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer, dies at 68

1873 - Matthew Maury, hydrographer, dies

1878 - George Cruikshank, English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85

1897 - Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist (b. 1826)

1940 - Philip Francis Nowlan, science fiction writer, creator of Buck Rogers character (b. 1888)

1957 - Friedrich von Paulus, German field marshall (Stalingrad), dies at 66

1959 - Madame Sul-To-Wan, [Conley], actress (Birth of a Nation), dies at 85

1963 - Fleetwood Lindley, the last living person to see Abraham Lincoln’s face (b. 1888)

1966 - Buster Keaton, [Joseph Francis], US comic (General), dies at 69

1966 - Hedda Hopper, [Elda Furry], US gossip columnist, dies at 75

1970 - Alfréd Rényi, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1921)

1974 - Lynda Ann Healy, 1st Bundy murder victim, abducted in Seattle

1976 - Edgar Pangborn, sci-fi author (Judgment of Eve, Davy), dies at 66

1976 - Werner C Heisenberg, physicist (Nobel 1932, field theory), dies at 74

1976 - George Whipple, American scientist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1878)

1977 - Edmond [Moore] Hamilton, US, sci-fi author (Danger Planet), dies at 72

1980 - Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (b. 1930)

1981 - Donald W Douglas, US aviation pionieer/builder, dies at 88

1983 - Tullio Campagnolo, Italian bicycle manufacturer, dies

1988 - Heather O’Rourke, (Poltergeist) star, dies of intestinal ailment at 12

1989 - Elaine de Kooning, American artist (b. 1918)

1991 - James G MacDonald, cartoon voice (Mickey Mouse), dies at 84

1996 - Clive Burton, neuropathologist, dies at 54

1997 - Herb Caen, columnist, Lung cancer, dies at 80

1999 - Paul Mellon, American philanthropist (b. 1907)

 

 

 

2003 - Michael P. Anderson - crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1959)

 

2003 - David Brown - crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1956)

 

 

 

2003 - Kalpana Chawla - crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1961)

 

 

 

2003 - Laurel Clark - crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1961)

 

2003 - Rick D. Husband - crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1957)

 

 

 

2003 - Willie McCool - crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1961)

 

2003 - Ilan Ramon - crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1954)

 

 

 

 

2005 - John Vernon, Canadian actor (b. 1932)

2012 - Angelo Dundee, American boxing trainer and cornerman, dies at 90

2012 - Don Cornelius, American television host, commits suicide by gunshot at 75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

876 - Charles becomes king of Italy

1504 - By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon

 

 

 

1578 - Battle of Gembloux

 

 

 

 

1596 - Catholic League disjoins

1609 - Wisselbank of Amsterdam established

1675 - Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft

1747 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.

1779 - Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog

1804 - British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao

1846 - After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

1851 - Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk

1855 - Western railroads blocked by snow

1861 - State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans

1862 - Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius

1863 - 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army

1865 - Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)

1865 - Gen Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies

1871 - Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkens sky

1874 - Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

1876 - The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.

1895 - Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba

1901 - Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal

1905 - 1st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach

1906 - Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter

1915 - 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians

1917 - Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship

1918 - A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

1919 - The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland.

1920 - Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates

1928 - Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company

1930 - 1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, NJ

1933 - Hitler promises parliamentary democracy

1934 - FDR devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce

1936 - “Green Hornet” radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit

1940 - 40 U boats sunk this month (111,000 ton)

1941 - 21 U boats sunk this month (127,000 ton)

1942 - 62 U boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)

1943 - 39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)

1943 - Chile breaks contact with Germany & Japan

1943 - Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad

1944 - Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June

1944 - U-592 sunk off Ireland

 

 

 

1944 - US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath

1948 - Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway

1950 - President Harry Truman publicly announces development of H-bomb

1950 - Pres Harry Truman OKs building of hydrogen bomb

1953 - “Princess Victoria” capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die

1953 - Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835

1957 - Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished

1957 - Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.

1958 - US launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1

1961 - David Ben-Gurion resigns as premier of Israel

1961 - Ham is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2

1961 - USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights

1962 - Gen Charles P Cabell, USAF, ends term as deputy director of CIA

1962 - Samuel Gravely assumes command of destroyer escort “USS Falgout”

1964 - US report “Smoking & Health” connects smoking to lung cancer

1966 - Belgian state police kills 2 striking mine workers

1968 - Record high barometric pressure (1083.8 mb, 32″), at Agata, USSR

1969 - Beatles perform last live gig (42-min concert on roof of Apple HQs)

1969 - Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, ends term as deputy director of CIA

1970 - Grateful Dead members busted on LSD charges

1971 - “My Sweet Lord” by George Harrison hit #1 on UK pop chart

1971 - Apollo 14 launched, 1st landing in lunar highlands

1971 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1974 - MacDonald’s founder Ray Kroc buys San Diego Padres

1978 - Israel turns 3 milt outposts in West Bank into civilian settlements

1980 - Police storm occupied Spanish embassy in Guatemala City, killing 41

1981 - “The Tide Is High” by Blondie hits #1

1982 - 10 Arabian oryx (extinct except in zoos) released in Oman

1984 - Edwin Newman retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network

1986 - Mary Lund of Minn, is 1st female recipient of an artificial heart

1988 - Barge sinks near Anacortes, WA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil

1990 - 1st McDonalds in Russia opens in Moscow, world’s biggest McDonalds

1990 - The first McDonald’s in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow, USSR.

1991 - Robert Gibson flies record 27,040 feet altitude

1994 - Dow Jones hits a record 3,978.36

1995 - President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.

2001 - In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.

2003 - The Waterfall rail accident occurs near Waterfall, New South Wales, Australia.

2009 - In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people.

 

 

 

Births

36 BC - Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor (d. 38 AD)

877 - Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (d. 943)

1512 - King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)

1543 - Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of Japan (d. 1616)

1550 - Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader (d. 1588)

1597 - John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)

1620 - Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief

 

 

 

1734 - Robert Morrismerchant (signed Declaration of Independence)(20th ?)

 

 

 

 

 

1752 - Gouverneur MorrisAmerican lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)

 

 

 

 

 

1802 - Jan C J van Speijk, Dutch naval hero

 

 

 

1810 - Daniel RugglesBrigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897

 

 

 

 

 

1812 - John Randolph Tucker, Capt (Confederate Navy), died in 1883

1813 - Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist

1817 - Antony Winkler Prins, Dutch writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia)

1818 - William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871

1857 - George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)

1865 - Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)

1868 - Theodore William Richards, chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)

 

 

 

1872 - Zane GreyAmerican Western novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)

 

 

 

 

 

1877 - Max Ettlinger, German philosopher

1881 - Irving Langmuir, inventor (tungsten filament lamp/Nobel 1932)

1881 - Joseph A Cushman, US, palaentologist

1884 - Nicholas Joy, Paris France, actor (Boss Lady)

1892 - Eddie Cantor, NYC, comedian (Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater)

1893 - Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer

1896 - Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)

1902 - Alva Myrdal, Uppsala Sweden, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize-1982)

1902 - Jean C M Picart le Doux, France, carpet designer

1902 - Julian H Steward, US anthropologist/professor

1903 - Gardner Cowles, Iowa, publisher/founder (Look Magazine)

1903 - Tallulah Bankhead, Huntsville Ala, actress (Lifeboat, Die Die Darling)

1905 - John O’Hara, Pottstown Penn, novelist (Appointment at Samarra)

1909 - Foley Newns, British colonial administrator

1911 - Christina Foyle, book seller

1914 - Jersey Joe Walcott, heavyweight boxing champ (1951-52)

1914 - Louis Osman, architect/artist/goldsmith

1915 - Bobby Hackett, Providence RI, trumpeteer/orchestra leader (Air Time ’57)

1915 - John Profumo, president (Toynbee Hall)

1915 - Thomas Merton, France, Trappist monk/poet/essayist (7 Storey Mt)

1915 - Alan Lomax, American musicologist (d. 2002)

1916 - Violet Cane, statistician

1919 - Jackie Robinson, Ga, 1st black major league baseball player (Dodgers)

1921 - Carol Channing, Wash, actress (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Hello Dolly)

1921 - John Agar, Chicago, actor (Fort Apache, Sands of Iwo Jima)

1921 - Mario Lanza, Phila, actor/singer (Great Caruso, Toast of New Orleans)

1921 - E. Fay Jones, American architect (d. 2004)

1923 - Joanne Dru, Logan WV, actress (Guestwood Ho, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon)

1923 - Norman Mailer, Long Branch NJ, NYC mayoral candidate/novelist (Naked & the Dead), (d. 2007)

1925 - Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader

1928 - Chuck Willis, rock vocalist (C C Rider)

1928 - Eric Ash, rector (Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine)

1929 - Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist, Nobel laureate

1929 - Jean Simmons, London, England, actress (Thorn Birds, Guys & Dolls)

1930 - Joakim Bonnier, Swedish racecar driver (d. 1972)

1931 - Ernie Banks, Dallas Texas, “Mr Cub” Chicago Cubs, Hall-of-Famer (short stop/1st baseman)

1934 - James Franciscus, Clayton Mo, actor (Mr Novak, Longstreet, Hunter)

1934 - Ron Weatherburn, jazz pianist

1936 - Marvin Junior, singer (Dells-Oh What a Night)

1937 - Philip Glass, Baltimore Md, minimal composer (Einstein on the Beach)

 

 

 

1937 - Suzanne PleshetteNYCactress (BirdsEmily-Bob Newhart Show)

 

 

 

 

 

1938 - Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, queen of Netherlands (1980- )

1940 - Jessica Walter, Bkln NY, actress (Play Misty For Me, Amy Prentiss)

1940 - Stuart Margolin, Davenport Iowa, actor (Love American Style)

1941 - Richard A Gephardt, (Rep-D-MO, 1977- )

 

 

 

1944 - Charley Musselwhiteblues musician (Stand BackLouisiana Fog)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1946 - Terry Kath, rocker (Chicago-If You Leave Me Now)

 

 

 

1947 - Nolan Ryanpitcher (Mets, Angels, Astros) (7 no-hitters5,714 Ks)

 

 

 

 

 

1951 - Harry Casey, [KC], rock vocalist (KC & Sunshine Band-Give It)

1951 - Phil Manzanera, rock guitarist (Roxy Music-Let’s Stick Together)

1951 - Dave Benton, Aruban-born singer

1954 - Adrian Vandenberg, Amsterdam Neth, rock guitarist (Whitesnake)

1956 - Johnny Rotten, [John Lydon], rocker (Sex Pistols-God Save the Queen)

1957 - Brett “the Hitman” Hart, Alberta Canada, WWF champion

1957 - Shirley F Babashoff, California, swimmer (Olympics-6 silver/2 gold-72, 76)

1958 - Tom Schuman, pianist (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance)

1959 - Anthony LaPaglia, actor (Murder One)

1959 - Kelly Lynch, actress (Drugstore Cowboy)

1959 - Kelly Moore, American stock car driver

1960 - Elaine Roque, Santa Monica Ca, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1960 - Grant Morrison, British comic book author

1961 - Lloyd Cole, guitar/vocals (& the Commotions-Rattlesnakes)

1963 - Scott Ian Rosenfeld, Bayside NY, rocker (Anthrax-Protest & Survive)

1964 - Sharon Cain, San Antonio TX, team handball center back (Olympics-1996)

1964 - Jeff Hanneman, American musician (Slayer)

1965 - Adam Johnson, Portland Ore, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1965 - Kim Clarke, Tulsa Oklahoma, team handball back court (Olympics-88, 92, 96)

1969 - Mathew Pallister, Sydney NSW Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1970 - Rachel Jean Marteen, Atlanta GA, playmate (Aug, 1995)

1971 - Minnie Driver, actress (Good Will Hunting)

1973 - Portia de Rossi, Australian actress

1974 - Pavi Sald, ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Oly-98)

1974 - Tory Toogood, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1976 - Buddy Rice, American race car driver

1977 - Naomi Darrell, Miss Bermuda Universe (1997)

1977 - Kate Shindle, American actress

1977 - Kerry Washington, American actress

1978 - Brad Rutter, Jeopardy! champion

1980 - Tiffany Limos, American actress

1981 - Justin Timberlake, Memphis, Tennessee, singer-songwriter (Sexyback, My Love)

 

 

 

Deaths

743 - Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia Imam (b. 676)

1398 - Emperor Sukō (b. 1334)

1435 - Xuande, Emperor of China (b. 1398)

1561 - Menno Simonsz, Dutch priest/vicar (Foundation Book), dies

1561 - Bairam Khan, Great Mughal General, regent for Akbar

 

 

 

1606 - Guy Fawkesconvicted in the “Gunpowder Plot“, executed at 35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1632 - Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)

1720 - Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)

1729 - Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)

1736 - Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (b. 1678)

1788 - [Bonnie Prince Charlie] Charles E Stuart, English pretender to the throne, dies at 67

1790 - Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)

1794 - Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)

1815 - José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)

1828 - Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter, dies at 35

1844 - Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)

1888 - John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)

1907 - Timothy Eaton, Canadian department store founder (b. 1834)

 

 

 

1945 - Eddie Slovik1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25

 

 

 

 

 

 

1954 - Edwin H Armstrong, US radio inventor (FM), commits suicide at 63

1955 - John R Mott, US theologist/founder (YMCA, Nobel 1946), dies at 89

1956 - A. A. Milne, English author (b. 1882)

1967 - Chief Thundercloud, actor (Ambush, Colt 45, Typhoon), dies at 100

 

 

 

1970 - Slim Harpo, [James Moore], bluesmandies at 46

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1973 - Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist (Nobel 1969), dies at 77

1974 - Glenn Morris, olympian/actor (Tarzan’s Revenge), dies at 61

1974 - Samuel Goldwyn, Polish/English/US film magnate (MGM), dies at 91

1990 - Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)

1994 - Pierre Boulle, French writer (Executioner), dies at 81

1996 - Gustave Solomon, mathematician, dies at 65

1997 - John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)

2000 - Gil Kane, Latvian-born comic book writer (b. 1926)

 

 

 

2002 - Francis GabreskiAmerican fighter pilot (b. 1919)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004 - Eleanor Holm, American swimmer (b. 1913)

2006 - Moira Shearer, Scottish actress (The Red Shoes) and ballerina (b. 1926)

2007 - Molly Ivins, American political columnist and author (b. 1944)

2007 - Adelaide Tambo, South African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)

2012 - Mike Kelley, American artist, commits suicide at 57

2012 - Anthony Bevilacqua, American cardinal, dies at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

1077 - Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV

1349 - Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king

1349 - Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred

1467 - Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hung king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici

1487 - Bell chimes invented

1522 - Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland

1544 - Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland

1661 - Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.

1774 - Capt Cook reaches 71°10′ south, 1820km from south pole (record)

1781 - Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland

1790 - Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor

1798 - Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument

1800 - US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)

1804 - Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River

1806 - Prussia takes possession of Hanover

1806 - The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened.

1815 - Burned Library of Congress reestablished with Jefferson’s 6500 vols

1826 - The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world’s first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.

1835 - Richard Lawrence misfires at Pres Andrew Jackson in Washington DC

1841 - A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.

 

 

 

1862 - US Navy’s 1st ironclad warship , USS Monitorlaunched

 

 

 

 

 

1889 - John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48″ (120cm) telescope

1889 - Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.

1892 - Capt Lugard occupies Uganda’s King Mwanga’s hide out

1894 - Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit

1894 - US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham

1895 - SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed

1911 - 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba

1913 - House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill

1915 - German submarine attack on Le Havre

 

 

 

1917 - 1st jazz record recorded (Dark Town Strutters Ball)

 

 

 

 

 

1922 - World Law Day, 1st celebrated

1928 - 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US

1931 - Charlie Chaplin’s “City Lights” premieres at Los Angeles Theater

1933 - “Lone Ranger” begins a 21-year run on ABC radio

1933 - Adolph Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen

1934 - 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC

1935 - Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of “Cantos”

1937 - 2nd of Stalin’s purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death

1939 - Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile

1939 - Hitler calls for extermination of European Jews

1940 - Benjamin Britten’s “Lesson Illuminations” premieres in London

1941 - Australian troops conquer Derna Libya

1942 - Japanese troops land on Ambon

1943 - 6 British Mosquito’s daylight bomb Berlin

1943 - German assault on French in Tunisia

1943 - German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth

1943 - Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to general-fieldmarshal

1943 - USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean

1944 - US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands

1944 - World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.

1945 - “Wilhelm Gustloff” torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 7,700 die

1946 - 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime

1948 - 5th Winter Olympic games open in St Moritz, Switzerland

1948 - Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse

1951 - Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio

1956 - Elvis Presley records his version of “Blue Suede Shoes”

1956 - Martin Luther King Jr’s home bombed

1957 - US Congress accepts “Eisenhower-doctrine”

1958 - 1st 2-way moving sidewalk in service, Dallas Tx

1958 - House of Lords passes bill allowing women in

1960 - CIA OKs Lockheed to produce a new U-2 aircraft (Oxcart)

1960 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss

1961 - Bobby Darin is youngest performer to headline a TV special on NBC

1962 - 2 members of Flying Wallendas’ high-wire act killed when their 7-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit

1964 - Military coup of Gen Nguyen Khanh in South Vietnam

1965 - “The Name Game” by Shirley Ellis hits #3

1965 - State funeral of Winston Churchill

1966 - -19°F (-28°C), Corinth, Mississippi (state record)

1966 - -27°F (-33°C), New Market, Alabama (state record)

1968 - Bobby Goldsboro records his biggest hit, “Honey”

 

 

 

1968 - Vietcong launch Tet-offensive on US embassy in Saigon

 

 

 

 

 

1969 - Beatles perform their last gig together, a free concert

1969 - US/Canada ISIS 1 launched to study ionosphere

1971 - UCLA starts 88 basketball game win streak

1972 - Bloody Sunday: Brit soldiers shoot on catholics in Londonderry, 13 die

1973 - Jury finds Watergate defendants Liddy & McCord guilty on all counts

1973 - KISS plays their 1st show (Coventry Club in Queens NY)

1976 - George Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977)

1976 - William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA

1978 - Addie Joss & Larry MacPhail elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1979 - Varig 707-323C freighter, flown by the same commander as Flight 820, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.

1982 - Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called “Elk Cloner”.

1983 - Superbowl XVII: Wash Red Skins beat Miami Dolphins, 27-17 in Pasadena Superbowl MVP: John Riggins, Washington, RB

1989 - 5 Pharaoh sculptures from 1470 BC found at temple of Luxor

1989 - Joel Steinberg found guilty of 1st degree manslaughter of daughter

1989 - Olympian, Bruce Kimball, is sentenced to 17 years in prison for killing 2 teenagers in a drunk driving accident

1989 - The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.

1993 - 100,000n Europeans demonstrate against fascism & racism

1994 - Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (35.76)

1994 - Superbowl XXVIII: Dallas Cowboys beat Buffalo Bills, 30-13 in Atlanta Superbowl MVP: Emmitt Smith, Dallas, RB

1994 - Péter Lékó becomes the youngest chess grand master.

1995 - Car bomb explodes in Algiers, 42 killed/296 injured

1995 - Kevin Eubanks officially becomes band leader of “Tonight Show”

1995 - Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.

1996 - Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit.

1997 - Minuteman III launches

2000 - Super Bowl XXXIV: St. Louis Rams beat Tennessee Titans, 23-16 at the Georgia Dome Atlanta MVP: Kurt Warner, St. Louis, QB

 

 

Births

133 - Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)

1505 - Thomas Tallis, English composer (d. 1585)

1563 - Franciscus Gomarus, [Francois Gomaer], Dutch theologist/opera singer

 

 

 

1615 - Thomas RolfeAmerican colonial settler and only child of Pocahontas and John Rolfe (d. 1675)

 

 

 

 

 

1616 - William Sancroft, Archbishop (Canterbury)

1624 - Arnold Geulincx, South Netherland, philosopher (About Virtue)

1661 - Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)

1687 - [Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, baptized

1708 - Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist

1720 - Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)

1754 - John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (d. 1829)

1797 - Edwin Vose Sumner, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

1816 - Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1894

1822 - John Basil Turchin, [Ivan Turchinoff], Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1829 - Alfred Cummings, Georgia, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1910

1835 - Oliver Edwards, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1904

1841 - Alfred Townsend George, Civil War journalist, died in 1914

1844 - Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, German gen/gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17)

1846 - Francis H Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism)

1882 - Franklin Roosevelt, New Hyde Park NY, 32nd US President (1933-1945), (d. 1945)

1885 - John Henry Towers, aviator/naval hero

1899 - Max Theiler, English/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)

1900 - Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)

1909 - Saul David Alinsky, Chic Ill, radical writer (John L Lewis)

1911 - Alexander George Ogston, biochemist

1911 - Roy Eldridge, Pitts Pa, jazz trumpeter (Gene Krupa, Artie Shaw)

 

 

 

1912 - Barbara TuchmanUS, historian/author (PulitzerGuns of August)

 

 

 

 

 

1912 - Jadwiga Wajsowna-Marcinkiewicz, discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1932)

1914 - David Wayne, Traverse City Mich, actor (Andromeda Strain, Adams Rib)

1914 - John Ireland, Vancouver BC, actor (Rawhide, Gunfight at OK Corral)

1914 - Louis Osman, artist architect goldsmith medallist/craftsman

1915 - John D Profumo, England, politician (C)

1915 - Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976, by assassination)

1917 - Paul Frère, Belgian racing driver and motorsport journalist d. 2008)

1920 - Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)

1922 - Dick Martin, Detroit Mich, actor/comedian (Laugh-In, Carbon Copy)

1925 - Dorothy Malone, Chic, actress (At Gunpoint, Night & Day, Peyton Place)

1925 - Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist

1927 - Olof Palme, Stockholm, PM of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86) assassinated

1928 - Harold Prince, US producer/director (West Side Story, Evita)

1930 - Gene Hackman, San Bernardino California, actor (Bonnie & Clyde, Under Fire, Superman)

1930 - Samuel J. Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (d. 1974)

1931 - Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author

1932 - Kazuo Inamori, Japanese business executive (Kyocera Ceramics Co)

1933 - Louis Rukeyser, financial whiz (Wall Street Week)

1934 - Tammy Grimes, Lynn Mass, actress (Can’t Stop the Music)

1935 - Richard Brautigan, Tacoma Washington, novelist/poet (Trout Fishing in America)

1937 - Boris Spassky, USSR, world chess champion (1969-72)

1937 - Vanessa Redgrave, London, actress (Blow-Up, Julia, Orient Express)

1939 - Eleanor Smeal, feminist/pres (NOW)

1939 - Nick Gaselee, racehorse trainer

1941 - Dick Cheney, Lincoln, Nebraska, 46th US Vice President

1941 - Joe Terranoua, rocker (Danny & The Juniors)

 

 

 

1941 - Gregory BenfordAmerican Sci-Fi author and scientist

 

 

 

 

 

1942 - Marty Balin, Cincinnati, singer (Jefferson Starship-Miracles)

1944 - John Thornton, English chocolate factory/multi-millionaire

1944 - Lynn Harrell, NYC, cellist

1947 - Steve Marriott, rock guitarist/vocalist (Humble Pie-Eat It, Faces)

1948 - Paul Magee, Provisional Irish Republican Army member

1949 - Peter Agre, American biologist, Nobel laureate

1951 - Charles S Dutton, Balt Md, actor (Alien 3, Crocodile Dundee 2, Roc)

1951 - Phil Collins, England, singer/drummer (Genesis-Against All Odds)

1955 - Curtis Strange, Norfolk VA, PGA golfer (1989 US Open)

1955 - Judith Tarr, US, sci-fi author (Isle of Glass, Ars Magica)

1955 - Michael Thompson, guitarist (Afterburn, Fresh, Sahara, Gridlock’d)

1956 - Keiichi Tsuchiya, Japanese racing driver

1957 - William Payne Stewart, Springfield MO, PGA golfer (1983 Walt Disney)

1958 - Brett Butler, Montgomery Ala, comedienne (Grace-Grace Under Fire)

1959 - Jody Watley, Chic, dancer (Solid Gold)/singer (Looking For a New Love)

1960 - Tony O’Dell, Pasadena California, actor (Alan Pinkard-Head of the Class)

1962 - King Abdullah II of Jordan

1962 - Mary Kay Letourneau, American convicted statutory rapist

1965 - Julie McCullough, Honolulu Hi, playmate (Feb 86)/actr (Growing Pains)

1966 - Daphne Ashbrook, Long Beach California, actress (Liz-Our Family Honor)

1967 - Bill Leverty, Richmond Va, guitarist (Firehouse-Love of a Lifetime)

1968 - Felipe de Borbon, Prince of Asturias, heir to Spanish throne

1969 - Carolyn Kepcher, American businesswoman and reality TV show star

1974 - Christian Bale, Wales, actor (Empire of the Sun, Little Women)

1974 - Jemima Khan, English socialite

1979 - Diva Zappa, daughter of Frank

1979 - Karen Smith, Australian field hockey midfielder/halfback (Olympics-96)

1980 - Leilani Dowding, British glamour model

1980 - Wilmer Valderrama, American actor

1981 - Mathias Lauda, Austrian racing driver

1985 - Aaadietya Pandey, Indian astrologer

1987 - Rebecca Knox, Irish professional wrestler

1990 - Jake Thomas, American actor

 

 

Deaths

1030 - William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)

1156 - Herman van Horn, bishop of Utrecht (1151/52-56), dies

1181 - Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)

1384 - Louis II of Flanders (b. 1330)

1393 - Aimery Poitiers, French nobleman, burned at royal ball

1393 - Yvain, son of earl of Foix, burned at royal ball

1584 - Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum, mister of Nienoord, dies in battle

1649 - Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason

1836 - Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag (b. 1752)

1838 - Osceola, chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail

1858 - Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)

1888 - Asa Gray, US botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77

1928 - Douglas Haig, Brit fieldmarshal (Sudan/Boer war/WW I), dies at 66

1928 - Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)

1934 - Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1862)

1947 - Frederick F Blackman, English botanist, dies at 80

1948 - Mahatma Gandhi, India’s political and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi

1948 - Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76

1951 - Ferdinand Porsche, German car inventor (Porsche), dies at 75

1953 - Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68

1958 - Earnest H Heinkel, German airplane builder (WW II), dies at 70

1969 - Allan Welsh Dulles, US diplomat/director (CIA 1953-61), dies at 75

1969 - Dominique G Pire, clergyman, (Europe village Nobel 1958), dies at 58

 

 

 

1976 - Jesse “Lone Cat” FullerSF Blues Greatdies at 80

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1976 - Mance Lipscombbluesmanguitaristdies at 80

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1980 - Professor Longhairking of New Orleans musicdies at 61

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1982 - Lightnin’ HopkinsAmerican bluesman dies of cancer at 69(b. 1912)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1983 - [Dallas] Mack/McCord Reynolds, sci-fi author (Earth War), dies at 65

1991 - John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1908)

1991 - Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907)

1993 - Taikichiro Mori, Japanese real estate developer, dies at 88

1994 - Byron “Wild Child” Gipson, blues Singer, dies at 64

1994 - Ernestine “Tiny” Davis, jazz vocalist/trumpeter, dies at 86

1995 - George Richard James, saxophonist, dies at 88

1995 - Gerald M Durrell, British zoologist/author (Mockery Bird), dies at 70

1998 - Ricky Sanderson, stabbed 16-year old girl in NC, executed at 38

1999 - Huntz Hall, American actor (b. 1919)

2001 - Jean-Pierre Aumont, French actor (b. 1911)

 

 

 

2001 - Johnnie JohnsonBritish fighter pilot (b. 1915)

 

 

 

 

 

2001 - Joseph Ransohoff, the father of modern neurosurgery (b. 1915)

2006 - Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1927)

2007 - Sidney Sheldon, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1917)

2009 - Ingemar Johansson, Swedish heavyweight professional boxing champion of the world (b. 1932)

2011 - John Barry, English film score composer (b. 1933)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

904 - Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.

1523 - Sermon of Constanz: Zwingli defends 67 Schlussreden

1574 - Sea battle of Reimerswaal – Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet

1587 - Deventer & Zutphen surrender to Spain

1595 - William Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet is probably first performed.

1613 - Galileo observes Neptune but fails to recognize what he sees

1676 - Feodor III succeeds his father and becomes Tsar of Russia.

1802 - John Beckley of Virginia appointed 1st Librarian of Congress

1834 - Pres Jackson orders 1st use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute

1845 - Edgar Allen Poe’s “Raven” 1st published (NYC)

1850 - Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

 

 

 

1856 - Victoria Cross established to acknowledge bravery

 

 

 

 

 

1861 - Kansas becomes 34th state

1863 - Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs indians

1879 - Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established

1886 - 1st successful gasoline-driven car patented, Karl Benz, Karlsruhe

1895 - King Koko’s Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100′s killed

1896 - Emile Grubbe is 1st dr to use radiation treatment for breast cancer

 

 

 

1900 - Boers under Joubert beat English at Spionkop Natal2,000 killed

 

 

 

 

 

 

1912 - Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA

1916 - 1st bombings of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place

1917 - English submarine K13 leaves Gaire Loch

1920 - Walt Disney starts 1st job as an artist; $40 week with KC Slide Co

1923 - 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)

1924 - Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland

1925 - British Liberals choose David Lloyd George as party leader

1936 - 1st players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame-Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson

1943 - New Zealand’s Kiwi cruiser collides with Jap sub I-1 at Guadalcanal

1944 - 285 German bombers attack London

 

 

 

1944 - USS Missouri the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy is launched.

 

 

 

 

 

1944 - World War IIThe Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

1944 - World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.

1951 - Liz Taylor’s 1st divorce (Conrad Hilton Jr)

1953 - 1st movie in Cinemascope (The Robe) premieres

1958 - Murderer, Charles Starkweather, captured by police in Wyoming

1959 - Walt Disney’s “Sleeping Beauty” released

1963 - Jim Thorpe, Red Grange & George Halas elected to football hall of fame

1964 - 9th Winter Olympic games open in Innsbruck, Austria

1964 - Stanley Kubrick’s”Dr Strangelove,” premieres

1964 - Unmanned Apollo 1 Saturn launcher test attains Earth orbit
w storm in north east US kills 165

1966 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1967 - Branch Rickey & Lloyd Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1969 - Jimi Hendrix & Peter Townshend wage a battle of guitars

1975 - 1st Annual Comedy Awards of the Year hosted by Alan King

1976 - Zeiss planetarium in Hague destroyed by fire

1979 - Brenda Spencer kills 2, inspires Boomtown Rats “I Don’t Like Mondays”

1979 - Chinese vice-premier Deng Xiaoping visits Washington, DC

1979 - Emerson, Lake & Palmer disband after 10 years together

1979 - Pres Carter commuted Patricia Hearst’s 7 year sentence to 2 years

 

 

 

1980 - 6 Iranian held US hostages escape with help of Canadians

 

 


 

 

 

 

1982 - Wayne Garland, baseball 1st millionaire free agent, waived by Indians

1983 - “Down Under” by Men At Work hit #1 on UK pop chart

1984 - Pres Reagan formally announces he will seek a 2nd term

1984 - Space Shuttle 41-B (STS-11) Challenger launched

1986 - 193.8 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

1987 - William J Casey, ends term as 13th director of CIA

1988 - United Airlines Boeing 747SP, circles world in 36h54m15s

1989 - Cleveland’s Chris Dudley misses 5 free throws during 1 foul attempt

1989 - Dow jumps 38.06 recoups 508-pt loss since Oct 1987; index at 2,256.43

1989 - USSR’s Phobos II enters Martian orbit

1989 - Game-winning RBI, official statistic dropped after 9 years of use NY Mets Keith Hernandez is the all-time leader with 129

1990 - Exxon Valdez capt Joseph Hazelwood goes on trial due to oil spill

1991 - Nelson Mandela & Mangosuthu Buthelezi meet after 28 years

1996 - 6,138th performance of “Cats” is held in London, surpassing record of Broadway’s longest-running musical, “A Chorus Line”

1998 - Soyuz TM-27 launches to MIR

1998 - Thick Fog causes highway carnage in Belgium & Netherlands, 6 die

1998 - Woman’s Clinic in Birmingham Ala bombed, 1 killed

2002 - In his State of the Union Address, United States President George W. Bush describes “regimes that sponsor terror” as an Axis of Evil, in which he includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea.

2005 - The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing.

 

 

 

Births

1584 - Frederik Hendrik, count of Nassau/Prince of Orange

1632 - Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)

1688 - Emmanuel Swedenborg, Sweden, religious leader (Angelic Wisdom)

1700 - Daniel Bernoulli, Basel Switz, mathematician (10 time French award)

1715 - Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian (court) composer/pianist

 

 

 

1717 - Jeffrey AmherstEnglish gov-gen of America/field marshal

 

 

 

 

 

1737 - Thomas Painepolitical essayist (Common SenseAge of Reason)

 

 

 

 

 

1756 - Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee IIICongressmanGovernor of Virginia and American General

 

 

 

 

 

1761 - Abraham AA “Albert” Gallatin, Switz, US minister of Finance (1801-14)

1803 - James Outram, Bulterley Hall Derbyshire, general

1810 - Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician

1821 - Isaac Ferdinand Quinby, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891

1823 - Franklin Gardner, Major General (Confederate Army)

1836 - Benjamin Franklin Potts, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1887

1836 - James Meech Warner, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897

 

 

 

1843 - William McKinleyNiles Ohio25th US President (1897-1901), (d. 1901)

 

 

 

 

 

1846 - Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)

1850 - Lawrence Hargrave, inventor (box kite)

1860 - Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, Tagarov Russia, playwright (Cherry Orchard)

1866 - Romain Rolland, France, writer (Jean-Christophe) (Nobel 1915)

1867 - Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spain, writer (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse)

1873 - Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italy, explorer/climber (Mt St Elias)

1874 - John David Rockefeller Jr, Cleveland Ohio, philanthropist

1877 - Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)

 

 

 

1880 - W C Fields, [William Claude Dukenfield], Philaactor (Bank Dick)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1891 - R Norris Williams, American tennis champ (US Open-1914) and survivor of the RMS Titanic sinking (d. 1968)

1892 - Clifford Gray, US, bobsled (Olympic-gold-1928)

1901 - Allen B DuMont, inventor (perfected coml practical cathode ray tube)

1903 - Cornelis H Edelman, Dutch geologist

1906 - Franciscus Hin, Holland, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1920)

1910 - Colin Middleton, Irish artist (d. 1983)

1911 - George Burns, British major-general

1911 - Peter von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1986)

1912 - “Professor” Irwin Corey, Brooklyn NY, comedian (Car Wash, Doc)

1913 - Victor Mature, Louisville KY, actor (1 Million BC, Samson & Delilah) (d. 1999)

1915 - Halfdan Rasmussen, Danish poet/WWII resistance fighter (Skoven)

1917 - John Raitt, Santa Ana California, actor/singer (Chevy Show, Pajama Game)

1918 - John Forsythe, NJ, actor (Bachelor Father, Charlie’s Angels, Dynasty)

1922 - Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)

1923 - Paddy Chayevsky, [Sydney], US, dramatist (Marty, Hospital) (d. 1981)

1924 - Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot

1925 - Anthony George, Endicott NY, actor (Untouchables, Checkmate)

1926 - Abdus Salam, theoretical physicist

1927 - Edward Abbey, US author (Desert Solitaire)

1929 - William McMillan, US, rapid pistol (Olympic-gold-1960) [or Jul 3]

1936 - James Jamerson, American bass guitarist for Motown Records (d. 1983)

1937 - Bobby Scott, jazz singer

1938 - Bill Christian, US, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)

1939 - Germaine Greer, Melbourne Australia, feminist/author (Female Eunich)

1940 - Kunimitsu Takahashi, Japanese motorcycle racer and racing driver

1942 - Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, Cuba, cosmonaut (Soyuz 38)

1942 - Claudine Longet, France, former Mrs Andy Williams/singer

1942 - Katharine Ross, Hollywood Cal, actress (Graduate, Francesca-Colbys)

1944 - Barbara Moore, Wardell Mo, actress (Lisa Rogers-Man From UNCLE)

1945 - Tom Selleck, Detroit Mich, actor (Lance-Rockford Files, Magnum PI)

1947 - David Byron, vocalist (Uriah Heep)

1947 - Linda B. Buck, American scientist, Nobel laureate

1948 - Bill Kirchen, singer/guitarist (Commander Cody & Lost Planet Airmen)

1948 - Felice Taylor, R&B singer (I Feel Love Comin’ On)

1948 - Marc Singer, Vancouver Canada, actor (V, Dallas)

1950 - Ann Jillian, Cambridge Mass, actress (Mr Mom, Jennifer Slept Here)

1950 - Jody Schecter, South African auto maker (World Driver’s 1979)

1952 - Tommy Ramone, [Erdelyi], Budapest, Hungary, rock drummer/bassist (Ramones)

1954 - Oprah Winfrey, Mississippi, actress/TV host (Color Purple, Oprah)

1955 - John Tate, US, heavyweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1968)

1957 - Irlene Mandrell, Corpus Christi Tx, country singer (Mandrell Sisters)

1957 - Jac Bico, Dutch guitarist/singer (Tambourine)

1958 - Judy Norton-Taylor, Santa Monica California, actress (Mary Ellen-Waltons)

1959 - Paul McGann, actor (Dr Who)

1960 - Eddie Jackson, bassist (Queensryche-Breaking the Silence)

1960 - Gregory Efthimos Louganis, San Diego Ca, diver (Olympic-gold-1984, 88)

1960 - Steve Sax, 2nd baseman (LA Dodgers, NY Yankees, Chic White Sox)

1960 - Gia Carangi, American model (d. 1986)

1962 - Nicholas Turturro, Queens NY, actor (James Martinez-NYPD Blue)

1964 - Andre Reed, NFL wide receiver (Buffalo Bills)

1964 - Roddy Frame, rock vocalist/guitarist (Aztec Camera-Stray)

1968 - Ed Burns, director/actor (Brothers McMullen)

1968 - Susi Erdmann, German bobsledder and luger

1969 - Karen Fonteyne, Calgary Alberta, synchro swimmer (Olympics-silver-96)

1970 - Heather Graham, Milwaukee WI, actress (Drugstore Cowboy, Diggstown)

1970 - Scott Davis, guard (Atlanta Falcons)

1970 - Jörg Hoffmann, German swimmer

1972 - Scott Davis, Great Falls Mont, figure skater (Olympics-1994)

1974 - Kris Burley, Truro Nova Scotia, gymnist (Olympics-96)

1975 - Lorraine Magwenzi, Miss Zimbabwe Universe (1997)

1975 - Sara Gilbert, Santa Monica California, actress (Melissa-Roseanne)

1976 - Ilmira Shamsutdinova, Miss Universe-Russia/best costume (1996)

1978 - Martin Schmitt, German ski jumper

1980 - Yael Bar-Zohar, Israeli actress and model

1985 - Isabel Lucas, Australian actress

1986 - Drew Tyler Bell, American actor

1987 - Spencer Clark, American race car driver (d. 2006)

1987 - Matthew Wilson, English world rally driver

 

 

 

Deaths

969 - Peter, tsar of Bulgaria (927-69), dies

1240 - Pelagio Galvani, Cardinal-Bishop of Albano (b. va. 1165)

1342 - Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1279)

1559 - Thomas Pope, English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52

1597 - Elias Ammerbach, German organist (b. 1530)

1676 - Tsar Alexis I of Russia (b. 1629)

1737 - George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)

 

 

 

 

1820 - King George III of the United Kingdom (b. 1738). Reigned 1760-1820

 

 

 

 

 

1837 - Aleksandr Pushkin, poet/novelist (Golden Cockeral), killed in a duel

1899 - Alfred Sisley, painter, dies

1899 - Robert J Fruin, Dutch historian (80-year war), dies at 75

1928 - Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig/field marshal (WW I), dies at 66

1933 - Sara Teasdale, American poet (b. 1884)

1934 - Fritz Haber, German chemist (Nobel 1918), dies at 65

1941 - Ioannis Metaxas, Greek gen/dictator (1936-41), commits suicide at 69

1944 - William Allen White, US journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75

1946 - Harry L Hopkins, US min of Business (Loan & Lease law), dies at 55

1956 - H[enry] L[ouis] Mencken, US essayist/critic (Smart Set), dies at 75

1962 - Fritz Kreisler, Austria/US violinist/composer, dies at 86

1963 - Robert Lee Frost, US poet (New Hampshire, 4 Pulitzers), dies at 88

1964 - Alan Ladd, actor (Shane), dies at 50 in Palm Springs Calif

 

 

 

1970 - Basil H Liddell HartEnglish military historiandies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

1973 - Ludwig Stossel, Austrian actor (Man With a Camera), dies at 89

1977 - Freddie Prinze, comedian/actor (Chico & the Man), shoots himself at 22

1980 - Jimmy Durante, comedian (Palooka, Jimmy Durante Show), dies at 86

1981 - Cozy Cole, rocker (Topsy Part II), dies

1988 - Bantcho Bantchevsky, US opera singer, commits suicide

 

 

 

1992 - Willie Dixonbluesmansinger,songwriter (I’m a ManBackdoor Man), dies at 76

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1993 - Hank Werba, [Herman Werblowski], US journalist (Variety), dies at 79

1994 - Nick Cravat, midget (Gremlin-Twilight Zone), dies of lung cancer at 81

1994 - Ulrike Maier, olympic skier, breaks neck during world cup skiing at 26

1995 - Raymond Joseph Cecil, British architect, dies at 69

1995 - Richard Burnell, British rower (Olympics-gold-1948), dies at 77

1995 - Richard Desborough Burnell, oarsman, dies at 77

1996 - John Terence Reese, bridge master, dies at 82

1997 - Eric Schneider, murderer of 2 teachers, executed in MO at 35

1999 - Lili St. Cyr, American dancer (b. 1918)

2002 - Dick “Night Train” Lane, American football player (b. 1928)

2005 - Eric Griffiths, Welsh guitarist (The Quarrymen) (b. 1940)

 

 

 

2007 - BarbaroAmerican thoroughbred racehorse (b. 2003)

 

 

 

 

 

2007 - Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim, Iraqi extremist leader (b. 1970)

2008 - Raymond Jacobs, American soldier (b. 1925)

2009 - Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (b. 1913)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1077 - German King Henry IV is absolved by Holy Roman Emperor Pope Gregory VII after his penitent Walk to Canossa.

1099 - 1st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria

1262 - Flemish/Dutch coast ravaged by north western storm

1393 - Fire during Royal Ball at Paris, 4 die (Ball of the Ardents)

1495 - Pope gives his son Cesare Borgia as hostage to Charles VIII of France

1547 - 9-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as king of England

1561 - By Edict of Orleans persecution of French Huguenots is suspended

1613 - Galileo may have unknowingly viewed undiscovered planet Neptune

1624 - Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.

1754 - Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity

1760 - Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants.

1807 - London’s Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight

1813 - Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.

1814 - Stendahl’s 1st book is published

1820 - Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovered the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.

1821 - Bellingshausen discovers Alexander Island off Antarctica

1846 - Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)

1851 - Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered

1855 - The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.

1860 - Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua

1864 - Battle of New Bern, NC

1871 - Paris surrenders to Prussians

1878 - 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)

1878 - George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator

1878 - Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper

 

 

 

1881 - Battle at Laing’s Neck NatalBoers beat superior powered British

 

 

 

 

 

1887 - In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world’s largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.

1899 - American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress

1902 - Carnegie Institute founded in Wash DC

1909 - US milt forces leave Cuba for 2nd time

1911 - Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo

1914 - 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)

1914 - Beverly Hills, Ca, is incorporated

1915 - 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)

1915 - US Coast Guard created from Life Saving & Revenue Cutter services

1915 - US Pres Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates

1916 - 1st Jewish Supreme Court justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson

1917 - Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.

1918 - Strike on Berlin ammunition’s factory

 

 

 

1918 - Finnish Civil WarRebels seized control of the capitalHelsinkiand members of the Senate of Finland go underground.

 

 

 

 

 

1922 - Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.’s biggest snowfall, causes the city’s greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses.

1923 - 1st “Reichs Party” (NSDAP) forms in Munich

1925 - -46°F (-43°C), Pittsburgh, New Hampshire (state record)

1932 - 1st US state unemployment insurance act enacted (Wisconsin)

1932 - Japan occupies Shanghai

1932 - Japanese forces attack Shanghai.

1934 - 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock Vermont)

1935 - Iceland becomes 1st country to legalize abortion

1941 - French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.

1942 - General Timoshenko’s troops move into Ukraine

1942 - German troops occupy Benghazi Libya

1944 - 683 British bombers attack Berlin

1944 - U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland

1945 - Gen “Vinegar Joe” Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China

1945 - Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands

1950 - Preston Tucker, auto maker, found not guilty of mail fraud

1953 - J Fred Muggs (the chimp) joins NBC’s “Today Show”

1956 - Elvis Presley’s 1st TV appearance (Dorsey Bros Stage Show)

1958 - Construction began on 1st private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor

1958 - Dodger catcher Roy Campanella is paralyzed in an automobile wreck

 

 

 

1958 - The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricksstill compatible with bricks produced today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960 - 1st photograph bounced off Moon, Washington DC

1960 - Goon Show’s final episode on BBC

1960 - NFL announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises

1962 - Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives

1963 - -34°F (-37°C), Cynthiana, Kentucky (state record)

1965 - The Who make their 1st appearance on British TV

1967 - Rolling Stones release “Let’s Spend the Night Together”

1969 - Barbara Jo Rubin becomes 1st woman jockey to win in North America

1972 - Oral Roberts’ Eddie Woods grabs 30 rebounds for 2nd consecutive game

1978 - “Fantasy Island” starring Ricardo Montalban premieres on ABC TV

1978 - Ted Nugent autographs a fan’s arm with his knife

1979 - “Wiz” closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 1672 performances

1980 - USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.

1981 - William J Casey becomes 13th director of CIA (until 1987)

1981 - Olympic Glory tanker at Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 1 million gallons of oil in a ship collision

1982 - US Gen Dozier freed from Red Brigade of Padua Italy

1984 - Record 295,000 dominoes toppled, Fuerth, West Germany

1985 - Charity single “We Are the World” is recorded by supergroup USA for Africa (Michael Jackson, Lionel Richie and other pop stars)

 

 

 

p1986 - 25th Space Shuttle -Challengerexplodes 73 sec after liftoff

 

 

 

 

 

1986 - Angolan Unity Leader Jonas Savimbi visits Washington, DC

1988 - Canada’s Supreme court declares anti-abortion law unconstitutional

1989 - 63rd Australian Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Helena Sukova (64 64)

1990 - Superbowl XXIV: SF 49ers beat Denver Broncos, 55-10 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Joe Montana, San Francisco, QB

1991 - Dictator Siad Barre flees Somalia ending 22 year rule

1994 - Helicopter crashes into office building in San Jose California, 1 dead

1994 - Inna Lassovskaja jumps ladies world record (14.78m)

1995 - 69th Australian Women’s Tennis Open: Mary Pierce beats Vicario (63 62)

1995 - 83rd Australian Mens Tennis: Andre Agassi beats Sampras (46 61 76 64)

1998 - Michelangelo, “Christ & the Woman of Samaria,” sold for $7.4 million

2010 - Five murderers of President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman of Bangladesh: Lieutenant Colonel Syed Faruq Rahman, Lieutenant Colonel Sultan Shahriar Rashid Khan, Major AKM Mohiuddin Ahmed, Major Bazlul Huda and Lieutenant Colonel Mohiuddin Ahmed were hanged.

2011 - Hundreds of thousands of protesters fill the Egyptian’s streets against the Mubarak regime in demonstrations referred to as the “Friday of Anger”

2012 - Death toll from coordinated bombing attacks in Kano, Nigeria, reaches 185

 

 

 

Births

1225 - Saint Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274)

 

 

 

 

1312 - Queen Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)

1457 - Henry VII, Pembroke Castle, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509)

1540 - Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)

1582 - John Barclay, Scottish satirist/poet (Euphormio’s Satyricon)

1608 - Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Naples, mathematician/astronomer

1611 - Johannes Hevelius, Danzig, astronomer (star cataloger)

1622 - Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)

1701 - Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)

1702 - Hermanus Noordkerk, Dutch lawyer

1706 - John Baskerville, English printer (typeface inventor)

1712 - Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)

1714 - Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Pigeon)

1719 - Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)

1815 - Andrew Jackson Hamilton, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1875

1818 - George Sewall Boutwell, MC (Union), died in 1905

 

 

 

1825 - George Edward PickettMajor General (Confederate Army), died in 1875

 

 

 

 

 

1828 - Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1868

1831 - Henry Brevard Davidson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1833 - Charles George Gordon, London, general (China, Khartoum)

1841 - Henry Stanley, Engld, journalist/explorer (found Livingstone in Africa)

1853 - Jose Martí y Perez, Cuba, poet/essayist/politician

1855 - William Seward Burroughs, NY, inventor (recording adding machine)

1864 - Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer – inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)

1865 - Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)

1865 - Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)

1880 - Mary Boland, Phila, US, comedienne/actress (Ruggles of Red Gap)

1884 - Auguste Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist), twin brother of Jean Felix Piccard

1884 - Jean Felix Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist) twin brother of Auguste Piccard

1884 - Lucien H d’Azambuja, France, astronomer (chromosome of sun)

1886 - Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)

1887 - Artur Rubinstein, Lodz Poland, pianist

1890 - Robert Stroud, American convict, the Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)

1891 - Bill Doak, American baseball player (d. 1954)

1892 - Ernst Lubitsch, Germany, actor, producer and film director (Love Parade)

1899 - Zilner T Randolph, jazz trumpeter/arranger

1900 - Anni Holdmann, Germany, 100m runner (Olympic-1928)

1909 - Lionel KP “Buster” Crabb, British diver (WW II-George Medal)

 

 

 

1910 - John BannerVienna Austriaactor (Sgt Hans Schultz-Hogan’s Heroes)

 

 

 

 

 

1912 - Jackson Pollock, Cody Wyoming, expressionist painter (Lavender Mist)

 

 

 

1918 - Vito ScottiSF Californiaactor (Flying NunBarefoot in the Park)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1922 - Robert W Holley, US, biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel ’68)

1927 - Ronnie Scott, jazz musician/club-owner

1928 - Martin Sinnatt, Major-General/secretary (Kennel Club)

1929 - Claes Oldenburg, Stockholm Sweden, US pop artist (Alphabet/Good Humor)

1932 - David Thompson, CEO (Gestetner Holdings)

1936 - Alan Alda, [Alphonso D'Abruzzo], NYC, actor (Hawkeye Pierce-M*A*S*H)

1939 - John M Fabian, Goosecreek Tx, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 7, STS 51G)

1940 - Carlos Slim Helú, Mexican businessman

1943 - Dick Taylor, rock vocalist (Pretty Thing-Cry on Me)

1943 - Susan Howard, Marshall Tx, actress (Donna-Dallas, Petrocelli)

1944 - Brian Keenan, NYC, rock drummer (Chamber Bros-Time Has Come Today)

1944 - Martin Fried, rocker (Cyrkle-Red Rubber Ball)

1946 - Rick Allen, Ark, rock bassist (Box Tops-Letter)

1947 - MJ Ainsworth, CEO (Institute of Chartered Secretaries)

1948 - Mamoru Mohri, Yoichi-machi Hokkaido Japan, astronaut (STS 47)

1948 - Charles Taylor, President of Liberia

1950 - Barbi Benton, [Klein], California, Playboy model (Hee Haw, Sugar Time!)

1951 - Leonid Konstantinovich Kadenyuk, Kkishkov Ukraine, astronaut (STS 87)

1954 - Shawn Murray, rock drummer (Mink Deville)

1954 - Rick Warren, American pastor and author

1955 - Nicolas Sarkozy, Paris, President of France (2007-)

1957 - Nick Price, Durban South Africa, PGA golfer (1991 Byron Nelson Classic)

1957 - Frank Skinner English comedian

1959 - Dave Sharp, rock guitarist (Alarm-In the Summertime)

1959 - Randi Rhodes, Nova M Radio personality

1963 - Danny Spitz, heavy metal guitarist (Anthrax-Protest & Survive)

1968 - Sarah McLachlan, folk singer (Fumbling Towards Ecstasy)

1968 - DJ Muggs, American musician (Cypress Hill)

1968 - Rakim, born William Michael Griffin Jr., American rapper

1969 - Giorgio Lamberti, Italian free style swimmer (world record 200m)

1969 - Mo Rocca, American writer and comedian

1970 - Donald Tardy, US, death metal drummer (Obituary, Cause of Death)

1973 - Bronwyn Thompson, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1973 - Robert Braknis, Montreal Quebec, 100m backstroke/4 x 100 (Olympics-96)

1975 - Anne Montminy, Montreal Quebec, 10m diver (Olympics-17-92, 96)

1975 - Julian Dean, Waihi NZ, team pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96)

1977 - Matt DeVries, American guitarist (Chimaira)

1977 - Takuma Sato, Japanese Formula One driver

1977 - Joey Fatone, American singer (*NSYNC)

1978 - Helga Bauer Salas, Miss Bolivia Universe (1997)

1979 - Ali Boulala, Swedish skateboarder

1980 - Nick Carter, singer (Backstreet Boys)

1981 - Elijah Wood, Cedar Rapids Iowa, actor (Radio Flyer, Good Son)

 

 

 

Deaths

814 - CharlemagneGerman emperor/Roman Emperor (800-814), dies at 71

 

 

 

 

 

1061 - Duke Spytihněv II of Bohemia (b. 1031)

1119 - Gelasius II, [Giovannis Caetani], pope (1118-19), dies

1256 - Willem II, earl of Holland/German emperor (1238, 47-56), dies at 22

1271 - Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III of France (b. 1247)

1393 - Earl of Joigny, burned at royal ball in Paris

1443 - Robert le Maçon, Chancellor of France

1547 - Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47), dies at 55

 

 

 

1595 - Francis DrakeEnglish pirateAdmiral and Governor of Newfoundland (Porto Bello West Indies), dies at 50

 

 

 

 

 

1612 - Thomas Bodley, diplomat/founder (Bodleian Library), dies

1687 - Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (star cataloger), dies on 76th birthday

1697 - John Fenwick, English conspirator

1782 - Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d’Anville, French geographer, dies at 84

1810 - Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead

1829 - William Burke, murderer/body snatcher, executed in Edinburgh

1832 - Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)

1864 - Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)

1895 - Francois Certain de Canrobert, French marshal, dies at 85

1912 - Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)

1915 - Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (b. 1846)

1937 - Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (b. 1862)

1938 - Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver, dies at 28

1939 - William Butler Yeats, Irish poet (Nobel), dies in France at 73

1950 - Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (b. 1883)

1953 - Derek Bentley (b. 1933) (executed)

1960 - Zora Neale Hurston, American author (b. 1891)

1963 - Jean Felix Piccard, swiss explorer, dies on his 79th birthday

1963 - Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (b. 1884)

1965 - Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)

1973 - John Banner, actor (Schultz-Hogan’s Heroes), dies on 62nd birthday

 

 

1986 - Christa McAuliffe, Concord NH ,teacher, dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

1986 - Ellison S Onizuka, Hawaii, Mjr USAF/astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 - Francis R Scobee, Wash, USAF/astronaut, dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

 

1986 - Judith Arlene Resnik, Akron Oh, astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 - Michael J Smith, Beaufort NC, Cmdr USN, astr, dies in Challenger

 

 


 

 

1986 - Ronald E McNair, Lake City SC, astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 - Greg Jarvis ,Detroit MI, astr,  dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

1988 - Klaus Fuchs, German physicist (b. 1911)

1992 - Nahman Avigad, Isr archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), dies at 86

1994 - Hal Smith, actor (Otis Campbell-Andy Griffith Show), dies at 77

1994 - William Levitt, builder (Levittown), dies of kidney failure at 86

1996 - Burne Hogarth, strip-cartoon artist, dies at 84

1996 - Dan Duva, boxing promoter, dies at 44

1996 - Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman), dies at 81

1996 - John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur, dies at 81

2002 - Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author (b. 1907)

2004 - Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy officer (b. 1927)

2005 - Jim Capaldi, English singer and songwriter (b. 1944)

2007 - Carlo Clerici, Swiss professional road racing cyclist (b. 1929)

2007 - Emma Tillman, the world’s oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

66 - 5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1340 - English king Edward III proclaimed king of France

1531 - Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die

1564 - The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

1697 - Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli’s 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night

1784 - Ben Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America’s symbol

1788 - Captain Arthur Phillip and british colonists hoist the English flag on Botany Bay, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day

1802 - Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library

 

 

 

1808 - Rum Rebellionthe only successful (albeit short-livedarmed takeover of the government in Australia.

 

 

 

 

 

1837 - Michigan admitted as 26th US state

1838 - Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States

1841 - Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain

1850 - 1st German-language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

1861 - Louisiana becomes 6th state to secede

1862 - Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive McClellan ignores order

1863 - American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)

1870 - Virginia rejoins US

1871 - US income tax repealed

1875 - Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green

1885 - Muhammad Ahmed (“Mahdi”) rebels conquer Khartoum

1886 - Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor

1887 - Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians

1897 - Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe’s army

 

 

 

1905 - World’s largest diamondthe 3,106-carat Cullinanis found

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 - 1st federal corrupt election practices law passed

 

 

 

1907 - The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Serviceand remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.

 

 

 

 

 

1911 - Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego

1913 - Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for being a pro

1914 - Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck’s works in their index

1920 - Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

1922 - Ralph Vaughan Williams’ “Pastoral Symphony,” premieres in London

1924 - Charles Jewtraw, US 500m skater, takes 1st Winter Olympics gold medal

1929 - Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India’s independence

1932 - British submarine M-2 sinks in Channel (60 dead)

1934 - Nazi Germany & Poland sign non-attack treaty for 10 years

1934 - The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.

1939 - Federal Hall National Monument established

1939 - Filming begins on “Gone With the Wind”

1948 - Executive Order 9981, end segregation in US Armed Forces signed

1956 - 7th Winter Olympic games open in Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy

1956 - Buddy Holly’s 1st formal recording session

1956 - Hank Greenberg & Joe Cronin are elected to Hall of Fame

1958 - H Laskow replaces Moshe Dayan on as Israeli minister of Defense

1958 - Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.

1960 - Pete Rozelle elected NFL commissioner on 23rd ballot

1961 - “Are You Lonesome Tonight?” by Elvis Presley peaks to #1

1963 - Major League Rules Committee votes to expand strike zone

1965 - South Vietnam milt coup under general Nguyen Khanh

1966 - The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.

1967 - Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snow fall causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned

1968 - Israeli submarine Dakar crashes in Mediterranean Sea, 69 die

1971 - Charles Manson convicted of murder

1984 - US navy exhibits Piasecki helistat-4 helicopters & a blimp able to lift 26 tons-Lakehurst, NJ

1986 - Yoweri Museveni’s rebel army conquerors Kampala Uganda

1988 - Australia’s 200th anniversary-parade of tall ships in Sydney Harbor

1989 - AT&T reports 1st loss in 103 years; $1.67 B in 1988

1989 - US computer security expert warns of catastrophic virus

1991 - Jan Stenerud becomes 1st pure placekicker to make NFL Hall of Fame

1991 - NY Lotto pays $90 million to nine winner (#s are 5-15-30-35-46-50)

1992 - Americans with Disabilities Act went into effect

1998 - Intel launches 333 MHz Pentium II chip

1998 - Pres Clinton says “I want to say one thing to the American people I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky”

2001 - An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.

2004 - President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.

 

 

 

2004 - A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, TaiwanA build-up of gas in the decomposing Sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.

 

 

 

 

 

2005 - Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, becoming the first African American woman to hold the post.

2005 - Glendale train crash: Two trains derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.

2006 - Western Union discontinues use of its telegram service.

 

 

Births

1497 - Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)

1541 - Florent Chrestien, French writer (d. 1596)

1667 - Henricus Zwaardecroon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies

1714 - Jean B Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Bird Cage)

1715 - Claude Helvetius, Paris France, philosopher

1722 - Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (d. 1805)

1813 - Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876

 

 

 

1814 - Rufus KingBrigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1876

 

 

 

 

 

 

1816 - Lloyd Tilghman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863

1819 - Abner Doubleday, Union general-major/inventor (baseball) [or Jun 26]

1826 - Julia Dent Grant, 1st lady (1862-76)

1831 - Mary Mapes Dodge, NYC, writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates)

1832 - George Shiras Jr., U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1924)

1852 - Pierre Brazza, explorer/colonial administrator (French Africa)

 

 

 

1880 - Douglas MacArthurLittle Rock Arkgeneral (WW II),(d. 1964)

 

 

 

 

 

1887 - Enrique E Ecker, Curacao, bacteriologist

1887 - Marc A “Pete” Mitscher, US lt-admiral (WW II-Task Force 58)

1891 - Frank Costello, Italian-born gangster (d. 1973)

1893 - Bessie Coleman, 1st black airplane pilot

1902 - Laurence “Bill” Craigie, jet pioneer

1904 - Sean MacBride, Dublin, statesman/Amnesty Intl co-founder (Nobel ’74)

1904 - Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)

1905 - Charles Lane, SF California, actor (Homer-Petticoat Junction, Lucy Show), (d. 2007)

1905 - Maria Augusta von Trapp, Austria, singer, inspired “Sound of Music”

1905 - Marquess of Bath, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1908 - Stephane Grappelli, French jazz/violinist

1911 - Polykarp Kusch, US, nuclear physicist: Nobel 1955

1912 - Cora Baird, NYC, puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie)

1913 - Jimmy Van Heusen, songwriter (Love & Marriage)

1918 - Nicolae Ceausescu, Romanian president (1967-90)

1921 - Akio Morita, Kasugaya Japan, CEO (Sony)

1924 - Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician (d. 1998)

1925 - Desmond Cassidi, British admiral

1925 - Paul Newman, Cleve, racer/popcorn mogul/actor (Hud, Hombre, Hustler)

1927 - William Redfield, NYC, actor (Jimmy Hughes Rookie Cop, Marriage)

1928 - Eartha Kitt, SC, singer/actress (Catwoman-Batman)

1928 - Philip Jose Farmer, Indiana, science fiction novelist (Riverworld)

1928 - Roger Vadim, France, director (And God Created Women, Barbarella)

1929 - Jules Feiffer, NYC, cartoonist (Passionella)/author (Little Murders)

1930 - Harry “Buddy” Melges Jr, Wisc, yachter (Oly-gold/bronze-1964, 72)

1933 - Ercole Baldini, Italian cyclist

1934 - Huey “Piano” Smith, pianist (Having a Good Time)

1934 - Roger Landry, Quebec businessman and newspaper publisher

1935 - Bob Uecker, Milwaukee Wisc, catcher/actor (Mr Belvedere)

1936 - Noel Harrison, London, singer/actor (Mark-Girl from UNCLE)

1936 - Sal Buscema, American comic book artist

1941 - Scott Glenn, Pittsburgh, actor (Right Stuff, Personal Best, Backdraft)

1943 - Sherian Grace Cadoria, brigadier general

1944 - Angela Yvonne Davis, black activist/professor

1946 - Gene Siskel, movie critic (Siskel & Ebert)

1948 - Corky Laing, rocker (Mountain)

1949 - Derek Holt, rocker (Climax Blues Band)

1950 - David Strathairn, actor (LA Confidential, Eight Men Out)

1950 - Jorg Haider, Austrian polical leader (Austrian Freedom Pary)

1950 - Janet Lupo, American model

1951 - David Briggs, rock guitarist (Little River Band-Help is on it’s Way)

1951 - Jarmila Kratochvilova, Czech, 400m/800m runner (Olympic-silver-1980)

1952 - Mario Runco Jr, Bronx NY, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 44, 54, 77)

1953 - Lucinda Williams, singer

1955 - Eddie Van Halen, Nijmegan Neth, rock guitarist (Van Halen-Jump, 1984)

1956 - Simon Howard, English large landowner (Castle Howard)

1958 - Anita Baker, Toledo Oh, singer (Giving You the Best That I Got)

1958 - Ellen DeGeneres, New Orleans LA, comediene (Ellen Morgan-Ellen)

1958 - Norman Lamont Hassan, British reggae musician (UB40-Red Red Wine)

1960 - Jeanette Bolden, LA California, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1961 - Wayne Gretzky, Brantford Ont, NHL great scorer (Oiler, King, Rangers)

1962 - Tom Keifer, rock guitarist/vocalist (Cinderella-Heartbreak Station)

1963 - Andrew Ridgeley, England, rock guitarist (Wham-Wake Me Up)

1963 - Jazzie B, [Beresford Romeo], English rapper (Soul II Soul-Feel Free)

 

 

 

1976 - Frankie RayderAmerican model

 

 

 

 

 

1976 - Willie Adler, American guitar player

1988 - Mia Rose, British-Portuguese singer

1989 - Emily Hughes, American figure skater

1997 - Pasaye, Palatine Ill, twin born 92 days after his brother (Oct 26)

 

 

Deaths

946 - Eadgyth, German Queen

1109 - Albericus of Côteaux, French saint, dies

1567 - Nicholas Wotton, English diplomat

1630 - Henry Briggs, English mathematician (b. 1556)

1697 - Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)

1744 - Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)

1799 - Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)

1823 - Edward Jenner, English physician (b. 1749)

 

 

 

1869 - Duncan Gordon BoyesEnglish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1885 - Charles George GordonBritish gov-gen (Sudan), executed at 51

 

 

 

 

 

1885 - Edward Davy, English inventor (b. 1806)

1891 - Nicholaus Otto, German auto pioneer (internal combustion engine), dies. (b. 1833)

1893 - Abner Doubleday, credit with inventing baseball, dies on 74th birthday

1895 - Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies

1904 - Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (b. 1846)

1920 - Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered

1932 - William K Wrigley, owner (Wrigley Gum, Chicago Cubs), dies

1933 - Alva Belmont, American socialite (b. 1853)

1939 - Armand Calinescu, Romania’s PM, assassinated by the iron guard

1943 - Nikolai Vavilov, geneticist, Saratovv labour camp, dies

1943 - Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)

1949 - Victor Fleming, director (Wizard of Oz, Gone With Wind), dies at 65

1962 - Charles “Lucky” Luciano, NYC Mafia gangster, dies at 65

1973 - Edward G Robinson, [Goldenberg], actor (Little Caesar), dies at 79

1973 - Jay C. Higginbotham, American musician (b. 1906)

1979 - Nelson Rockefeller, former VP & (4X Gov-R-NY), dies at 70

1983 - Paul “Bear” Bryant, college football coach (Alabama), dies at 69

1990 - Lewis Mumford, American historian (b. 1895)

1990 - Bob Gerard, British racing driver (b. 1914)

1992 - José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor/director (Cyrano de Bergerac), dies at 80

1993 - Jan Gies, Dutch resistance fighter (helped Anne Frank), dies at 87

1996 - David Schultz, wrestler (Oly-Gold-84), killed by John Du Pont

1997 - Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (b. 1904)

 

 

 

1998 - S P LearyTexan Blues drummer (Muddy Waters), dies at 67

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1998 - Shinichi Suzuki, music teacher (Suzuki Method), dies at 99

2000 - A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born author (b. 1912)

2001 - Al McGuire, American basketball coach (b. 1928)

2004 - Fred Haas, American golfer (b. 1916)

2008 - Christian Brando, actor and son of Marlon Brando (b 1958)

2011 - Gladys Horton, American musician and singer, member of the group The Marvelettes (b. 1944)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

41 - After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.

1139 - Godfried II the Young becomes duke of Brabant

1327 - King Edward III accedes to British throne

1348 - Earthquake destroys Villach, killing 5,000

1494 - Alfonso II replaces his father as king of Naples

1554 - Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary

1554 - Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.

1565 - Battle at Talikota India: Moslems destroy Vijayanagar’s army

 

 

 

1573 - Battle of Mikatagaharain JapanTakeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.

 

 

 

 

 

1579 - Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic

1755 - Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.

1775 - Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)

 

 

 

1787 - Shays’ Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmersled by Capt Daniel Shaysfail to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Mass

 

 

 

 

 

1799 - 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont

1825 - 1st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, NY

1856 - Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians

1863 - Battle of Kinston, NC

1863 - General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac

1865 - CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia

1870 - Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows

1875 - Anti-slavery society forms (NY)

1877 - Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden

1881 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

1890 - Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg’s time around world by 8 days (72 days)

1894 - James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

1904 - 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania

1915 - Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in SF

1915 - Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to SF)

1916 - Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary

1918 - Russia declared a republic of Soviets

1919 - Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later

1937 - 1st broadcast of “Guiding Light” on NBC radio

1937 - Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13

1939 - Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed

1939 - Joe Louis KOs John Henry Lewis in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1940 - Nazi decrees establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland

1942 - Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

1945 - Grand Rapids, Michigan becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water

1945 - Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths

1945 - West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma

1950 - 73°F (23°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in January

1951 - UN begins counter offensive in Korea

1953 - Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec

1955 - Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race

1955 - US & Panama sign canal treaty

1955 - Columbia U scientists develope an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years

1956 - 96.5 cm (38.0″) of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, HI (state record)

1957 - FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for USSR

1959 - 1st transcontinental coml jet flight (American) (LA to NY for $301)

1961 - 1st live, nationally televised presidential news conference (JFK)

1961 - Military coup in El Salvador

1961 - Walt Disney’s “101 Dalmations” released

1964 - Echo 2, US communications satellite launched

1969 - US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris

1970 - Robert Altman’s “M*A*S*H,” premieres

1971 - Charles Manson & 3 women followers convicted of Tate-LaBianca murders

1971 - Military coup in Uganda under Gen Idi Amin Dada

1971 - Phila mint’s 1st trial strike of Eisenhower dollar

1974 - Christian Barnard transplants 1st human heart without removal of old

1974 - Ray Kroc, CEO (McDonald’s), buys SD Padres for $12 million

1979 - 22.2-km Oshimizu railroad tunnel holed through, central Honshu, Japan

1980 - Bani Sadr elected president of Iran

1980 - Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft

1981 - 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US

1981 - Mao’s widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death

1983 - China’s supreme court commutes Chiang Ch’ing’s death sentence to life

1983 - Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit

1983 - Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia

1988 - VP Bush & Dan Rather clash on “CBS Evening News” as Rather attempts to question Bush about his role in Iran-Contra affair

1990 - Avianca Flight 52, runs out of fuel & crashes in Cove Neck NY, 73 die

1990 - Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is transferred to a Miami jail

1990 - West-Europe’s strongest hurricane

1990 - The Burns’ Day storm hits northwestern Europe.

1991 - Manuel Noriega is given access to assets frozen by US government

1992 - Hubble space telescope optics finds NGC3862/3C264

1993 - Sears announces it is closing its catalog sales dept after 97 years

1993 - Five people were shot outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia resulting in two murders.

1994 - Mine fire at Asansol India, kills 55

1994 - US space probe Clementine launched

1994 - Accused of molesting a 13-year-old boy, Michael Jackson settles a civil lawsuit out of court

1998 - Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) suicide attack on Sri Lanka’s Temple of the Tooth, killing 8 people injuring 25 others.

1999 - A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hits western Colombia killing at least 1,000.

2002 - Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software (“Phase II”) aka Magnus Manske Day.

2004 - Opportunity rover (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.

2005 - A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi in India kills at least 258.

2006 - Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.

2011 - Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins in Egypt, with a series of street demonstrations, marches, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, riots, labour strikes, and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria, and throughout other cities in Egypt.

Births

749 - Leo IV, the Khazar, Byzantine emperor (775-80)

1037 - Su Tung-p’o, [J Sotoba], China, layman/poet/administrator [or Dec 19]

1477 - Anna de Bretagne, wife of Maximilian of Austria & Louis XII

1509 - Giovanni Morone, Italian theologist/diplomat/cardinal/”heretic”

1540 - Edmund Campion, London, saint/Jesuit martyr (Decem Rationes)

1627 - Robert Boyle, Ireld, physicist/chemist/author (experiments with color)

1640 - William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and statesman (d. 1707)

1759 - Robert Burns, Alloway Scotland, poet (Auld Lang Syne), (d. 1796)

1794 - François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)

1839 - Seldon Connor, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1917

1858 - Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)

1864 - Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (d. 1934)

1882 - Virginia Woolf [Adeline] , London, author (Jacob’s Room, To Lighthouse), (d. 1941)

1891 - William C Bullitt, 1st US ambassador to USSR

1896 - John Moores, British gambling magnate/multi-millionaire

1901 - Eric Brown, architect

1901 - Martin De Alzaga, Argentine racing driver (d. 1982)

1902 - Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect (d. 1975)

 

 

 

1903 - “Sleepy” John EstesBluesman

 

Videos

1913 - Luis Marden, American photojournalist (d. 2003)

1917 - Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist Nobel Laureate (d. 2003)

1919 - Edwin Newman, NYC, newscaster/journalist/author (NBC-TV, Comment)

1923 - Rusty Draper, American country and pop singer (d. 2003)

1923 - Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as “Sybil”) (d. 1998)

1928 - Eduard Shevardnadze, Soviet Georgia, foreign minister of USSR (-91)

1931 - Dean Jones, Decatur Ala, actor (Ensign O’Toole, Company, Love Bug)

1931 - Harold Lloyd Jr, actor (Frankenstein’s Daughter)

1933 - Corazon Aquino, 11th President of the Philippines

1938 - Etta James [Jamesette Hawkins], Los Angeles, California, singer (Roll with Me, At Last), (d. 2012)

1938 - Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author (d. 1998)

1938 - Leiji Matsumoto, sJapanese creator of anime.

1941 - Elzie “Buddy” Baker, race-car driver

 

 

 

1942 - Carl EllerDefensive End , Minnesota Vikings 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - Leigh Taylor-Young, Wash DC, actress (Peyton Place, Alice B Toklas)

1947 - Ángel Nieto, Spanish motorcycle racer

1950 - Michael Cotton, rocker (Tubes)

1951 - Steve Prefontaine, Coos Bay Oregon, 5K (Olympics-4th-1972)

1953 - Malcolm Green, rocker (Split Enz-I Got You)

1953 - The Honky Tonk Man, American professional wrestler

1954 - Kim Gandy, American feminist

1956 - Andy Cox, rock guitarist (Fine Young Cannibals-She Drives Me Crazy)

1957 - Martha Elizabeth Thomsen, Moses Lake Wash, playmate (May, 1980)

1958 - Dinah Manoff, NYC, actress (Elaine-Soap, Carol Weston-Empty Nest)

1958 - Gary Brian Tibbs, London, rock bassist (Adam & The Ants, Roxy Music)

1958 - Harti Weirather, Austrian alpine skier

1964 - Chip Foster, actor (Chip & Pepper’s Surf’s Up Saturday)

1964 - Pepper Foster, actress (Chip & Pepper’s Surf’s Up Saturday)

1966 - John [Vo] Velyvis, North Adams Mass, rower (Olympics-1996)

1967 - Marty Calder, St Catharine ON, 62 kg freestyle wrestler (Oly-12-92,96)

1969 - Jesse Harte, Rome Ga, heavy metal vocalist (Southgang-Tainted Angel)

1969 - Kina, American singer

1971 - Luca Badoer, Italian race car driver

1971 - China Kantner, San Francisco, American actress and daughter of Grace Slick

1973 - Elvis Presley Jr, alleged son of Elvis Presley

1975 - Mia Kirshner, Canadian actress

1976 - Mario Haberfeld, Brazilian racing car driver

1979 - Rodrigo Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver

1979 - Pi Hongyan, French badminton player

1981 - Alicia Keys [Cook], New York NY, singer-songwriter (Fallin, Where Do We Go From Here)

 

Deaths

389 - Gregory Nazianzus, theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 329)

477 - Geiseric, King of the Vandals and Alans

844 - Pope Gregory IV

1067 - Emperor Yingzong of China (b. 1032)

1138 - Anacletus II, [Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38), dies

1139 - Godfried I, with the Beard, duke of Brabant/earl of Leuven, dies

1366 - Henry Suso, German mystic

1494 - Ferdinand I, cruel king of Naples, dies

 

 

 

1573 - Hirate HirohideJapanese samuraidies at the Battle of Mikatagahara (b. 1553)

 

元亀三年十二月味方ヶ原戰争之圖
元亀三年十二月味方ヶ原戰争之圖 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

1640 - Robert Burton, author (Anatomy of Melancholy), dies

1726 - Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (b. 1675)

1733 - Reinier V van Hompech, Dutch gen-maj cavalry, dies

1733 - Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London (b. 1652)

1896 - Frans C Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (Court of Justice), dies at 68

1906 - Joseph Wheeler II, Confederate General, dies at 70

1925 - Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)

 

 

 

1947 - Al CaponeChicago gangsterdies of syphilis at 48

 

 

 

 

 

1957 - Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese physician and bacteriologist (b. 1871)

1957 - Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese industrialist and Minister of Commerce and Industry (b. 1873)

1960 - Diana Barrymore, actress (Ladies Courageous), dies at 38

1970 - Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st black female DA in NY, dies at 70

1972 - Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892)

1978 - Tango Duke, dies in Australia at 42; oldest known thoroughbred horse

1990 - Ava Gardner, actress (Barefoot Contessa), dies of pneumonia at 67

1994 - Stephen Cole Kleene, mathematician (Regular Expressions), dies at 85

1997 - Jean Dixon, psychic (Gift of Prophecy), dies of a heart attack at 79

2005 - Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)

2006 - Anna Malle, adult film star (b. 1967)

2010 - Ali Hasan al-Majid aka Chemical Ali, Iraqi defense minister and military commander (b. 1941)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

41 - Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after his assassination by Praetorian Guards.

817 - St Paschal I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Stephen IV

1076 - Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII

1118 - Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II

1458 - Matthias I Corvinus chosen king of Hungary

1556 - Heavy earthquake strikes Shaaxi China, kills 830,000

1568 - In Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw

1639 - Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders

1644 - Battle at Nantwich Cheshire: Parliamentary armies win

1656 - 1st Jewish doctor in US, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland

1722 - Czar Peter the Great begins civil system

1764 - Gov Winthrop Telescope, is destroyed in a Harvard fire

 

 

 

1776 - Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga.

 

 

 

 

 

1847 - 1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans defeated by US Col Price

1848 - James Marshall finds gold in Sutter’s Mill in Coloma, Calif

1857 - The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.

1861 - Arsenal at Augusta, Ga seized by Confederacy

1861 - Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens

1874 - Gen J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after 1000′s die

1878 - The revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, the Governor of Saint Petersburg.

 

 

 

1892 - Battle at Mengo, Uganda: French missionaries attack Brit missionaries

 

 

 

 

 

1899 - Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O’Sullivan

 

 

 

1900 - Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)

 

British artillery firing onto Spion Kop from south of the Tugela River.

 

 

 

 

1901 - Emily Hobhouse view lord Kitcheners concentration camp at Bloemfontein

1902 - Denmark sells Virgin Islands to USA

1908 - Gen Baden-Powell starts Boy-Scouts

1913 - Franz Kafka stops working on “Amerika”; it will never be finished

1915 - German-British sea battle at Doggersbank & Helgoland

1922 - -54°F (-48°C), Danbury, Wisconsin (state record)

1922 - Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo)

1922 - Lehman Caves National Monument established

1923 - Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established

1924 - Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union

1924 - Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad

1925 - Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island NY

1927 - Director Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film, The Pleasure Garden, in England.

1935 - 1st canned beer, “Krueger Cream Ale,” is sold by Kruger Brewing Co

1936 - Benny Goodman & orchestra record “Stompin’ at the Savoy” on Victor Records

1939 - 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile

1941 - British troops march into Abyssinia

1943 - Hitler orders nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death

1943 - Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau

1944 - Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy

1950 - Jackie Robinson signs highest contract ($35,000) in Dodger history

1952 - Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base

1956 - 96.5 cm precipitation at Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)

1958 - After warming to 100,000,000 degrees, 2 light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in 1st man-made nuclear fusion

1961 - Lazard Brothers Ltd draw a check for $334,867,807.68

1962 - 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany

1962 - Brian Epstein signs management contract with the Beatles

1962 - Jackie Robinson is 1st Black elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1964 - Martin Kresses final comic strip of Eric the Viking

1964 - 24th Amendment to US Constitution goes into effect & states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes

1969 - Spanish Gen Franco announces state of emergency

 

 

 

1972 - Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.

 

 

 

 

 

1975 - Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England

1976 - George Foreman KOs Ron Lyle in 5th round of a real slugfest

1977 - 5 lawyers murdered by fascist in Madrid

1977 - Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.

1978 - Carter Executive Order on Intelligence (# 12036)

1984 - Apple Computer Inc unveils its revolutionary Macintosh personal computer

1986 - NY Islander Mike Bossy scores his 1,000th point

1986 - Voyager 2 makes 1st fly-by of Uranus (81,593 km), finds new moons

1990 - Japanese MUSES-A (Hiten) launched towards moon

1993 - Polish ferry boat John Heweliusz sinks, 52 killed

1993 - Turkish journalist and writer Uğur Mumcu is assassinated by a car bomb in Ankara.

1994 - Dow Jones closes above 3,900 for 1st time (3,914.48)

2003 - The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.

2011 - At least 35 died and 180 injured in a bombing at Moscow’s Domodedovo airport.

 

 

 

Births

76 - Publius A Hadrianus, 14th Roman Emperor (117-138)

1287 - Richard Aungerville, English bishop (d. 1345)

1444 - Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan (d. 1476)

1638 - Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)

1664 - John Vanbrugh, London, dramatist/architect (baptized)

1674 - Thomas Tanner, English bishop (d. 1735)

1679 - Christian von Wolff, German philosopher

1712 - Frederick II, (the Great), king of Prussia (1740-86)

1750 - Wybo Fijnje, Dutch politician/patriot/journalist

1763 - Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (d. 1831)

1820 - John Milton Thayer, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906

1828 - Adam Jacoby Slemmer, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1832 - John Pegram, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865

1862 - Edith Wharton [-Jones], New York NY, Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), (d. 1937)

1888 - Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)

1888 - Henry King, US, director (Jesse James, 12 O’Clock High)

1891 - Walter Model, German fieldmarshal

1903 - Robert Gwathmey, artist (Arts & Letters)

1911 - C[atherine] L[ucille] Moore, US, sci-fi author (Judgment Night)

1913 - Mark Goodson, TV game-show proudcer (Goodson-Toddman)

1915 - Robert B Motherwell, US, painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic)

1916 - John Corner, scientist

 

 

 

1917 - Ernest Borgnine, Hamden Ct, actor (Ice Station Zebra, McHale’s Navy, Marty), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

 

 

1918 - Oral Roberts, Pontotoc County Oklahoma, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College

1920 - Jerry Maren, actor (munchkin-Wizard of Oz, Mayor McCheese)

1924 - Marvin Kaplan, Brooklyn NY, actor (Top Cat, Henry-Alice)

1928 - Desmond Morris, English zoologist (Human Ape, Body Language)

1930 - Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer/multi-millionaire

1933 - Ron Townson, rock vocalist (5th Dimension-Aquarius) [or Jan 29]

1933 - Zeke Carey, US R&B-singer (Flamingos-I Only Have Eyes For You)

1936 - Doug Kershaw, La, plays electric fiddle

1939 - Ray Stevens, Clarksdale Ga, singer (Ahab the Arab, Streak)

1941 - Aaron Neville, US singer/keyboardist (Neville Brothers)

1941 - Neil Diamond, Brooklyn NY, singer/actor (Jazz Singer)

1943 - Julie Bennett, Beverly Hills CA, actress (Hey There It’s Yogi Bear)

1943 - Sharon Tate, Dallas Tx, actress (Valley of the Dolls)

1946 - Michael Ontkean, Vancouver BC, actor (Rookies, Slap Shot, Twin Peaks)

1947 - Warren Zevon, Chicago, rocker (Excitable Boy)

1949 - John Belushi, Chicago Ill, comedian/actor (SNL, Blues Brothers)

1951 - Yakov Smirnoff, Russia, comedian (It’s a wonderful country)

1952 - William F Readdy, Quonset Point RI, astronaut (STS 42, 51, 79)

1954 - Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1986)

1955 - James Montgomery, US 100m swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1976)

1958 - Frank Ullrich, East Germany, world biathlon champion

1958 - Jools Holland, British musician

 

 

 

1961 - Nastassja Kinski, Berlin Germany, actress (Tess, Cat People)

 

http://searchweight.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/nastassja-kinski.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

1961 - Krasimir Mikhailov Stoyanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut

1965 - Ross MacDonald, Vancouver BC, star yachter (Olympics-96)

1966 - Mike Forgeron, Main-A-Dieu Nova Scotia, rower (Olympics-96)

1968 - Mary Lou Retton, Fairmont WV, gymnist (Oly-gold/2 silver/2 bronze-84)

1969 - Louise McPaul, Australian javelin thrower (Olympics-silver-92, 96)

1972 - Ulla Werbrouck, Belgian judoka and politician

1973 - Chris Ferraro, Port Jefferson, NHL right wing (Oly-94, NY Rangers)

1986 - Mischa Barton, English-born American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

41 - Caligula, [G C Germanicus], Roman emperor (37-41), assassinated at 28 by Praetorian Guards. Known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism.

 

 

 

 

 

661 - Ali ibn Abu Talib, kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered

772 - Stephen III/IV, Catholic Pope (768-72), dies. (b. 720)

817 - Stefanus IV, Pope (816-17), dies

1125 - David IV of Georgia (b. 1073)

1336 - Alfonso IV, the Benignant, King of Aragon (1327-36), dies at 36

1376 - Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leader

1473 - Conrad Paumann, German blind organist/composer, dies

1547 - Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, executed for treason

1595 - Ferdinand II of Austria (b. 1529)

1626 - Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (b. 1580)

1639 - George Jenatsch, Grisons leader, assassinated

1709 - George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)

1769 - François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)

1862 - James McIntosh, US confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at about 33

1864 - Stephen Gardner Champlin, brig-general (Union), dies at about 36

1877 - Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (b. 1796)

1895 - Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)

1918 - George Arthur Crump, Founder of the Pine Valley Golf Club in Clementon NJ (b. 1871)

1932 - Alfred Yarrow, English shipbuilder (b. 1842)

1939 - Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (b. 1867)

1948 - Maria Mandel, Camp Leader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)

1948 - Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)

1953 - [Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt, gen-field marshal (Normandy), dies at 77

 

 

 

1955 - Ira Hayes, American World War II hero (b. 1923)(see UE births 1.12.13)

 

 

 

 

 

1961 - Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American swimmer and inventor (b. 1884)

1962 - Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (b. 1877)

 

 

 

1965 - Winston Churchill, PM of Britain (C) (1940-45, 51-55), dies at 90

 

 

 

 

 

1966 - Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (b. 1909)

1970 - James “Shep” Shepherd, rocker (Shep & Limelites), beaten to death

1971 - Bill W., American co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1895)

 

 

 

1975 - Larry Fine, actor (3 Stooges), dies at 72

 

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1983 - George Cukor, director, dies of stroke & heart attack at 83

1986 - Gordon MacRae, singer (Oklahoma, Carousel), dies at 64

1986 - L[aFayette] Ron[ald] Hubbard, author (Death Quest), dies at 74

1988 - Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C), dies at 91

1988 - Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (b. 1905)

1989 - Ted Bundy, serial killer of up to 100 women, executed in Florida at 42

1992 - Tina Chow, model, dies of AIDs at 41

1992 - Ricky Ray Rector, American murderer (b. 1950)

1993 - Thurgood Marshall, 1st black supreme court justice (1967-91), dies 84

1994 - Michalis Vranopoulos, head of Greek state bank, murdered at 48

1995 - Ian Prestt, English ornithologist, dies at 65

1997 - Callum Alexander MacDonald, historian, dies at 49

2002 - Elie Hobeika, Lebanese Forces militia commander (b. 1956)

2003 - Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive (b. 1921)

2006 - Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers (b. 1914)

2006 - Chris Penn, American actor (b. 1965)

 

 

 

2007 - Emiliano Mercado del Toro, World’s Oldest Military Veteran (b. 1891)

 

 

 

 

 

2010 - Pernell Roberts, American actor & singer, last surviving star of Bonanza (b. 1928)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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