Category: Uncurrent Events


Today In The Past

 

 

Events

816 – Frankish emperor Louis grants archbishop Salzburg immunity

1428 – King Alfonso V, orders Sicily’s Jews to attend conversion sermons

1488 – Roman catholic German emperor Maximilian I caught in Belgium

1512 – French troops under Gaston de Foix rescues Bologna

1576 – Henry of Navarre abjures Catholicism at Tours

1631 – Rhode Island, founder, Roger Williams arrives in Boston from England

1644 – 1st US livestock branding law passed, by Connecticut

1777 – Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail & primogeniture

1778 – Articles of Confederation ratified by 1st state, South Carolina

1783 – Sweden recognizes US independence

1817 – 1st US gas co incorporated, Baltimore (coal gas for street lights)

1831 – Jan van Speijk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp, killing about 30

1846 – “Oregon Spectator” is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast

1850 – Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY

1861 – 1st moving picture peep show machine is patented by Samuel Goodale

1861 – Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Phila

1861 – Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress

1864 – Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi

1865 – Battle of Hatcher’s Run, VA (Armstrong’s Mill, Dabney’s Mill)

1870 – 1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia

1879 – Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow

1881 – Phoenix, Az incorporates

1885 – News of fall of Khartoum reaches London

1897 – Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel

1900 – British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal

1900 – The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal

1901 – Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot

1901 – Pierpont Morgan forms US Steel Corp

1904 – American occupation of Cuba ends

1916 – Enrico Caruso recorded “O Solo Mio” for the Victor Talking Machine Co

1917 – Congress overrides Wilson’s veto, curtailing Asian immigration

 

 

 

1918 – 1st US pilot to down an enemy airplaneStephen W Thompson

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Yankees purchase 20 acres in Bronx for Yankee Stadium

1922 – Reader’s Digest magazine 1st published

1924 – The Royal Greenwich Observatory begin broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the “BBC pips”.

1927 – Buster Keaton’s movie “The General” released & bombed

1929 – Jimmy Hatlo’s “They’ll Do It Every Time” cartoon debuts in SF

1931 – Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st US women to earn a glider pilot license

1936 – National Wildlife Federation forms

1937 – 1st Charlie Chaplin talkie, “Modern Times,” released

1937 – FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, “court packing” plan failed

1938 – Hans Engnestangen skates world record 500m (41.8 sec)

1940 – Glenn Miller & his Orchestra record “Tuxedo Junction”

1942 – “Woman of the Year,” starring Hepburn & Tracy opens at Radio City

1943 – Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt

1943 – Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission

1944 – 358 RAF-bombers attack Stettin

1945 – Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)

1945 – US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manila

1948 – Dick Button becomes 1st US figure skating Olympic champion

1948 – Gretchen Fraser becomes 1st US woman Olympic slalom champion

1949 – Huaso sets official world equestrian high-jump record, 2.47 m, Chic

1953 – “Peter Pan” by Walt Disney opens at Roxy Theater, NYC

1956 – NY Mayor Robert Wagner & Bkln Boro Pres Frank Cashmore sponsor a bill to create a $30M Brooklyn Sports Center Authority to build

1958 – Gamel Abdel Nasser nominated 1st president of United Arab Republic

1962 – Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn within 16 degrees

1963 – Maarten Schmidt discovers enormous red shifts in quasars

1967 – “Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour” premieres on CBS (later ABC, NBC)

1967 – Anastasio Somoza elected president of Nicaragua

1969 – US population reaches 200 million

1969 – Vince Lombardi, becomes part owner, vp, gm & head coach of Redskins

1971 – Apollo 14, 3rd US manned Moon expedition, lands near Fra Mauro Alan Shepard & Edward Mitchell (Apollo 14) walk on Moon for 4 hrs

1972 – Bob Douglas is 1st black elected to Basketball Hall of Fame

1973 – Comic strip “Hagar The Horrible” debuted

1973 – Funeral for LC William Nolde, last US soldier killed in Vietnam War

1973 – Juan Corona sentenced to 25 consecutive life terms for 25 murders

1974 – Maximum speed on Autobahn reduced to 100 kph

1974 – Patty Hearst kidnapped

1974 – US Mariner 10 returns 1st close-up photos of Venus’ cloud structure

1974 – John Murtha becomes the first Vietnam War veteran elected to the Congress of the United States.

1977 – “Dis-Gorilla (part 1)” by Rick Dees peaks at #56

1977 – “In The Mood” by Henhouse 5 Plus Too (Ray Stevens) peaks at #40

1977 – “Up Your Nose” by Gabriel Kaplan peaks at #91

1977 – Sugar Ray Leonard beats Luis Vega in 6 rounds in his 1st pro fight

1977 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne

1978 – Fred Newman makes 88 consecutive basketball free throws blindfolded

1979 – Costliest single periodical ad, $3.2 million, Gulf + Western in Time

1981 – Largest Jell-O made (9,246 gallons of watermelon-flavor) in Brisbane

1981 – Milt jury in NC convicts Robert Garwood of collaborating with enemy

1982 – DEA announces seizure of 3,192 tons of marijuana, 495 people

1982 – British airline Laker Airways collapses owing 270M pounds ($351M)

1983 – Former Nazi Gestapo official Klaus Barbie brought to trial

1986 – Corazon Aquino & Ferdinand Marcos appear on “Nightline”

1987 – Dow Jones avg closes above 2,200 for 1st time

1988 – 1st prime-time wrestling match in 30 yrs-Andre beats Hulk Hogan

1988 – Panamanian Gen Manuel Noriega indicted by US grand jury for drugs

1989 – Kareem Abdul-Jabar becomes 1st NBA player to score 38,000 points

1990 – Notre Dame becomes 1st team to sell its game to a major network (NBC)

1991 – A Michigan court bars Dr Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides

1991 – Joni Mitchel inducted into the Canadian Hall of Fame

1991 – LA King Dave Taylor becomes 29th NHler to score 1000 points

1992 – Jury selection begins in the LA cops beating Rodney King case

1993 – Grenade explodes in Sarajevo, killing 63 & injuring 160

1993 – R James Woolsey, becomes 16th director of CIA

1994 – Medgar Evers’ murderer Byron De La Beckwith sentenced to life, in Jackson Miss, 30 years after the crime

1995 – Sandra Volker swims female European record 50m backstroke: 27.77

1997 – 3 Swiss banks create $70 million Holocaust fund

1998 – Author Tom Clancy confirms he signed agreement to purchase Minnesota Vikings for slightly more than $200 million, an NFL franchise record

2004 – Twenty-three Chinese people drown when a group of 35 cockle-pickers are trapped by rising tides in Morecambe Bay, England. Twenty-one bodies are recovered.

2008 – A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States leaves at least 58 dead, the most since the May 31, 1985 outbreak that killed 88.

2009 – The United States Navy guided missile cruiser Port Royal runs aground off Oahu, Hawaii, damaging the ship as well as a coral reef.

2012 – Quarterback Eli Manning wins his second Superbowl Most Valuable Player Award after leading the New York Giants to a 21-17 victory over the New England Patriots in Superbowl XLVI

 

 

 

Births

976 – Sanjō, Emperor of Japan (d. 1017)

1505 – Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (d. 1572)

1519 – René of Châlon, (d. 1544)

1608 – Gaspar Schott, German mathematician (d. 1666)

 

 

 

1723 – John Witherspoonclergyman/signed Declaration of Independence

 

 

 

 

 

1725 – James OtisAmerican lawyer and patriot (d. 1783)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1744 – John Jeffries, colonial physician/meteorologist

1770 – Alexandre Brongniart, Paris, mineralogist/geologist (Tertiary)

1784 – Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1818)

1788 – Robert “Bobbie” Peel, British PM (1834-5; 41-46)/founder (British Conservative Party)/founder (Bobbies)

1795 – Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (d. 1871)

1799 – John Lindley, English botanist (Elements of Botany)

1840 – Hiram Stevens Maxim, inventor (automatic single-barrel rifle)

1840 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scotland, developer (pneumatic rubber tire)

1878 – André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)

1891 – Elizabeth Ryan, Anaheim California, doubles tennis champ (6 time Wimbled)

1900 – Adlai E Stevenson, (Gov-D-Ill), pres candidate (D) (1952, 1956)

1903 – Joan Whitney Payson, owner (NY Mets & horse stables)

1903 – Nathaniel Owings, Indianapolis, architect (Oak Ridge, TN; Sears)

 

 

 

1906 – John CarradineGreenwich Village NYactor (Grapes of WrathHowling)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – Norton Simon, business executive (Simon & Schuster)

1908 – Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (d. 1969)

1914 – Alan Hodgkin, British physicist (Nobel 1963)

1914 – William S Burroughs, St Louis, novelist (Naked Lunch)

1915 – Robert Hofstadter, US atomic physicist

1918 – Charles J “Tim” Holt, US actor (Treasure of Sierra Madre)

1919 – Red Buttons, [Aaron Chwatt], Bronx NYC, comedian/actor (Sayonara)

1922 – Bernard Kalb, spokesman (State Dept)/actor (Dave)

1922 – Alain de Changy, Belgian racing driver (d. 1994)

1926 – Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, NYC, publisher (NY Times)

1933 – Ron Wilson, US percussionist (Joy of Cooking)

1934 – Hank Aaron, baseball player (record 755 HRs, 1957 NL MVP)

1934 – Don Cherry, Canadian hockey commentator

1937 – Wang Xuan, Chinese scientist (d. 2006)

 

 

 

1940 – H R Gigerartistspecial effects designer, (Alien)

 

 

 

 

 

1941 – Stephen J Cannell, producer (Rockford Files)

1941 – Jane Bryant Quinn, American journalist

1942 – Cory Wells, Buffalo NY, rock vocalist (3 Dog Night-Joy to the World)

1942 – Roger Staubach, NFL quarterback (Dallas Cowboys)

1943 – Charles Winfield, Penn, rocker (Blood Sweat & Tears-Spinning Wheel)

1943 – Larry Tamblyn, rock guitarist (Standells-Dirty Water)

1943 – Nolan Bushnell, founder (Atari)/creator (Pong)

1943 – Sven Johnson, rocker (Tangerine Dream

 

 

 

1944 – Al Kooperrock keyboards/vocalist (Blood Sweat & Tears-And When I Die)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1944 – Cory Wells, rocker

1944 – J R Cobb, Birmingham Ala, rocker (Atlanta Rhythm Section, Classic IV)

1946 – Charlotte Rampling, England, actress (Zardoz, Night Porter, Verdict)

1947 – David Ladd, LA California, actor (Raymie, Catlow, Misty, Deathline)

1947 – Mary Louise Cleave, Southampton NY, PhD/astronaut (STS 61-B, STS 30)

1947 – Darrell Waltrip, American race car driver

1948 – Barbara Hershey, [Herzstein], Atlanta, (Stuntman, Shy People)

1948 – Christopher Guest, NYC, actor (SNL, Heartbeeps, This is Spinal Tap)

1948 – David Denny, rock guitarist (Steve Miller Band-Abracadabra)

1948 – Nigel Tufnel, rocker (Spinal Tap)

1949 – Maidarjabyn Ganzorig, Mongolia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 39 backup)

1949 – Nigel Olsson, rock guitarist/drummer (Elton John Band)

1954 – Roseanne Katan, Jamacia, playmate (Sep, 1978)

 

 

 

1955 – Debra Jo FondrenLos Angeles Calplaymate of year (September, 1977)

 

 

 

 

 

1956 – Hector Rebaque, Mexican racing driver

1956 – Betty Ong, flight attendant that died on September 11, 2001, on American Airlines Flight 11

1958 – Jennifer Jason Leigh, [Morrow], LA Cal, actress (Single White Female)

1959 – Glenn Dubis, Lincoln Neb, US 3×40 rifle (Olympics-1984, 88, 96)

1959 – Jennifer Granholm American Politician

1960 – Jane Geddes, Huntington NY, LPGA golfer (1987 Women’s Kemper Open)

1961 – Tim Meadows, American actor and comedian

1962 – Duff McKagan, [Michael], Seattle Wash, bassist (Guns & Roses)

1962 – Tommy Skeoch, rock vocalist (Tesla-Psychotic Supper)

1965 – Ben Lee, Rangoon Burma, US badminton player (Olympic-92)

1966 – Jose Maria Olazabal, golfer

1968 – Chris Barron, rocker (Spin Doctors)

1969 – Bobby Brown, Roxbury Ma, vocalist (Ghostbusters, Don’t Be Cruel)

1971 – Peter “Chip” Cipollone, Ardmore Pa, rower (Olympics-1996)

1971 – Sara Evans, American singer

1977 – Ben Ainslie, British sailor

1980 – Brad Fitzpatrick, American programmer

1986 – Reed Sorenson, American racecar driver

 

 

Deaths

995 – William IV, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 937)

1520 – Sten Sture the Younger, regent of Sweden (b. 1493)

1578 – Giovanni B Moroni, Italian portrait painter, dies

1591 – Gerard de Jode, Flemish publisher, dies

1658 – Maria Margaretha van Angels, Dutch prioress at Oirschot, dies at 52

1679 – Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet (Gysbreght van Aemstel), dies at 91

1721 – James Stanhope 1st earl of Stanhope, English general, dies at 47

1754 – Nicolaas S Cruquius, hydraulic engineer, (Haarlemmermeer), dies at 75

1766 – Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)

 

 

 

1790 – William CullenScottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)

 

 

 

 

 

1807 – Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter, dies at 80

1822 – Ali Pasha of Janina, (Napoleon, Lord Byron), dies at about 77

1881 – Thomas Carlyle, historian/essayist, dies in London at 85

1897 – Hoss Radbourn, pitcher won 60 games in 1884, dies at 42

1922 – Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian inventor (b. 1871)

1927 – Inayat Khan, Indian sufi

1941 – Banjo Paterson, Australian poet, author of “Walzing Matilda” (b. 1864)

1946 – George Arliss, actor/writer (Dr Syn, Voltaire), dies at 77

1948 – Johann Blaskowitz, German gen (surrendered at Wageningen), dies at 64

1961 – Anthony G de Rothschild, British philanthropist, dies at 73

 

 

 

1967 – Leon Leonwood BeanAmerican department store founder (b. 1872)

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – L C William Noldelast US soldiekilled in Vietnam, funeral

 

 

 

 

 

1976 – Rudy Pompilli, American musician (Bill Haley and His Comets) (b. 1926)

1977 – Izaak Boleslavski, Russian chess player, dies at 67

1977 – Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (b. 1894)

1981 – Kuda Bux, Indian mystic (I’d Like to See), dies at 75

1981 – Ella Grasso, Governor of Connecticut (b. 1919)

1991 – Dean Jagger, US actor (Mr Novak, Rawhide, Oscar), dies at about 87

1993 – Joseph L Mankiewicz, US writer/director (All about Eve), dies at 83

1993 – Tip Tipping, [Tim], stuntman, dies in sky-diving accident at 34

1994 – Fred de Bruyne, Flemish cyclist/gang leader (Paris-Nice), dies at 63

1994 – Kenneth “Buddy” Scott, blues guitarist/Singer, dies at 59

1995 – Doug Mcclure, US rodeo rider/actor (Trampas-Virginian), dies at 59

1997 – John Richard Patterson, businessman, dies at 51

1997 – Pamela Harriman, US Ambassador (to France), dies of stroke at 76

1999 – Wassily Leontief, Russian economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1906)

2003 – Helge Boes, American Central Intelligence Agency officer

2004 – John Hench, American animator (b. 1908)

2008 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru, founder of Transcendental Meditation (b. ca. 1917)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Today In The Past

 

 

Events

211 – Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta.

960 – The coronation of Zhao Kuangyin as Emperor Taizu of Song, initiating the Song Dynasty period of China that would last more than three centuries.

1194 – Richard I Lion Hearted pays Leopold O Fenrik VI’s ransom of 100,000

1454 – In the Thirteen Years’ War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederation sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master.

1508 – Maximilian I assumes imperial title without being crowned

1586 – Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, becomes governor of Neth

1600 – Tycho Brahe & Johannes Kepler meet for 1st time near Prague

1657 – Oliver Cromwell grants residency to Luis Caravajal

1697 – 3 VOC-ships anchor at Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia

1699 – 350 rebellious Streltsi executed in Moscow

 

 

 

1703 – In Edo (now Tokyo)46 of the Forty-Seven Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicideas recompense for avenging their master’s death.

 

 

 

 

 

1782 – British garrison surrenders to French & Spanish fleet

1783 – Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)

1784 – 1st unmanned balloon flight in Ireland

1787 – Shays’ Rebellion (of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers) fails

1789 – 1st electoral college chooses Washington & Adams as Pres & VP

1797 – Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000

1810 – Royal Navy seizes Guadeloupe.

1822 – Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa

1824 – J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public

1846 – Mormons leave Nauvoo, Mo for settlement in west

1847 – 1st US telegraph co established in Maryland

1849 – University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students

1855 – Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela

1859 – The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt.

1861 – Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time, Montgomery Ala, Ga, Fla, La, Miss & SC elect Jefferson Davis pres of Confederacy

1864 – Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi

1865 – Robert E Lee is named commander-in-chief of Confederate Army

1866 – Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible

1887 – Interstate Commerce Act authorizes federal regulation of railroads

1895 – 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago

 

 

 

1899 – Revolt against US occupation of Philippines

 

 

 

 

1913 – Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim

1914 – US Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law

1915 – Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Miss Penitentiary

1924 – 1st Winter Olympic games close at Chamonix France

1932 – 3rd Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY

1932 – Japanese troop occupy Harbin, Manchuria

1932 – World War II: Japan occupies Harbin, China.

1933 – German Pres Von Hindenburg limits freedom of the press

1936 – 1st radioactive substance produced synthetically (radium E)

1938 – Hitler seizes control of German army & puts Nazi in key posts

1939 – Glenn Cunningham (top miler) says 4-min mile beyond human effort

1941 – British tanks occupy Maus Libya

1941 – United Service Organization (USO) founded

1942 – Clinton Pierce becomes 1st US general wounded in action in WW II

1944 – US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein

1945 – FDR, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta

1949 – Failed assassination attempt on Shah of Persia

1951 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Sonya Klopfer

1951 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1952 – 1st black executive of a major TV station (Jackie Robinson-WNBC NY)

1957 – 1st electric portable typewriter placed on sale (Syracuse NY)

1958 – Hall of Fame fails to elect anyone for 1st time since 1950

1961 – Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure

1964 – FAA begins 6 month test of reactions to sonic booms over Oklahoma City

1967 – “Wild Thing” hits #20 on the pop singles chart by Senator Bobby

1967 – US launches Lunar Orbiter 3

1969 – John Madden is named head coach of NFL’s Oakland Raiders

1969 – Yassar Arafats takes over as chairman of PLO

1971 – Apollo 14 lander Antares lands on Moon (Shepard & Mitchell)

1971 – Baseball announces a special hall of fame wing for blacks

1971 – British car maker Rolls Royce declared itself bankrupt

1971 – National Guard mobilized to quell rioting in Wilmington NC

1972 – 6th round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks ends in Vienna Austria

 

 

 

1973 – ReshefIsrael’s missile boatunveiled

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – Chimpanzee Nim Chimsky signs his 1st word, at 2½ months

1974 – Patricia Hearst (19) kidnapped by Symbionese Liberation Army

1976 – 12th Winter Olympic games opens in Innsbruck, Austria

1976 – 7.5 earthquake kills 22,778 in Guatemala & Honduras

1977 – Elevated train jumps track, crashes onto Chicago st (11 die, 200 hurt)

1977 – Fleetwood Mac’s “Rumours” released

1977 – Wings release “Maybe I’m Amazed”

1980 – Bani Sadr sworn in as premier of Iran

1982 – “Pump Boys & Dinettes” opens at Princess Theater NYC for 573 perfs

1982 – Indoor distance record for a paper airplane (47m) Tacoma Wash

1983 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton

1984 – Frank Aquilera sets world frisbee distance record (168m) Las Vegas

1985 – 20 countries (but not US) sign UN treaty outlawing torture

1985 – Naval exercises canceled when US refuses to tell NZ of nuclear weapons

1986 – Israeli fighters intercept Libyan liner (passenger plane)

 

 

 

1987 – Stars & Stripes beats Australia’s Kookaburra 3sweeps America’s Cup

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega indicted on drug charges

1990 – 10 Israeli tourists murdered near Cairo

1990 – Anders Holmertz swims world record 400 m freestyle (3:40.81)

1990 – Danny Everett runs world record 400m indoor (45:04)

1990 – Lyudmila Narozhi-Lenko runs world record 60m hurdles indoor (7.69)

1991 – Hall of Fame’s board of directors vote 12-0 to bar Pete Rose

1991 – US postage raises from 25 cents to 29 cents

1993 – Admiral Studeman, ends term as acting director of CIA

1994 – 20 die in armed assault on mosque in Khartum Sudan

1994 – Merlene Ottey runs world record 50 m indoor (6.00 sec)

1994 – Russian team beats ladies world record 4×800 m indoor (8:18.71)

1995 – Sandra Volker swims female European record 50m backstroke (27.77)

1997 – OJ Simpson found guilty of libel in murders of Ron Goldman & Nicole Simpson

1997 – Sec of State Margaret Albright announces she just discovered that her grandparents were Jewish

1997 – En route to Lebanon, two Israeli Sikorsky CH-53 troop-transport helicopters collide in mid-air over northern Galilee, Israel killing 73.

1998 – Bill Gates gets a pie thrown in his face in Brussels Belgium

1998 – An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000.

1999 – The New Carissa runs aground near Coos Bay, Oregon.

1999 – Unarmed West African immigrant Amadou Diallo is shot dead by four plainclothes New York City police officers on an unrelated stake-out, inflaming race-relations in the city.

2000 – German extortionist Klaus-Peter Sabotta is jailed for life for attempted murder and extortion in connection with the sabotage of German railway lines.

2003 – The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is officially renamed to Serbia and Montenegro and adopts a new constitution.

 

 

Births

1465 – French van Brederode, leader of Hoeksen

1524 – Luis de Camões, Portugal’s greatest poet. (d. 1580)

1549 – Eustache du Caurroy, composer

1575 – Pierre de Barulle, French cardinal

1677 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (d. 1731)

1725 – Dru Drury, English entomologist (d. 1804)

 

 

 

1746 – Tadeusz KościuszkoPolishLithuanian and American National hero and general (d. 1817)

 

 

 

 

 

1764 – Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral/minister of Navy

1778 – A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (d. 1841)

 

 

 

1819 – Joshua NortonSFNorton Iemperor of USA

 

 

 

 

 

1826 – Halbert Eleazer Paine, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1905

 

 

 

1841 – Clément AderFrench aviation pioneer (d. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1846 – Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (d. 1915)

1859 – Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)

1872 – Gotse Delchev, a great Macedonian revolutionary, (d. 1903)

1875 – Ludwig Prandtl, Germany, physicist (father of aerodynamics)

1881 – Kliment J Woroshilov, marshal/president USSR (1953-60)

1891 – Yuri Losmann, Estonia, marathon runner (Olympic-silver 1920)

1893 – Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus)

1895 – Hanns [Johann] Rauter, German SS-lt-general/SS police chief in Neth

 

 

 

1902 – Charles A LindberghDetroitpilot (1st fly solo across Atlantic)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1903 – Alexander Oppenheim, mathematician

1903 – Frank Howley, Hampton NY, Brigadier General (Answers for Americans)

1905 – Eddie Foy Jr, New Rochelle NY, actor (Eddie-Fair Exchange)

1906 – Clyde William Tombaugh, US, astronomer (discovered Pluto)

1906 – Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (champ-1933)

1912 – Byron Nelson, Fort Worth Tx, PGA golfer (won 19 tournaments in 1945)

1913 – Rosa Lee Parks, civil rights activist (bus protestor)

1915 – Ray Evans, American songwriter with Jay Livingston (d. 2007)

1917 – Aga Yahya Khan, Pakistan military/politician

1918 – Ida Lupino, actress screenwriter director/producer (Jennifer)

1919 – Frank van Klingeren, Dutch architect (De Meerpaal, Dronten)

1921 – Betty Friedan, Peoria Ill, feminist writer (Feminine Mystique)

1923 – Conrad Bain, Alberta Canada, actor (Maude, Diff’rent Strokes), (d. 2013)

1928 – Dave Ketchum, Quincy Ill, actor (Agent 13-Get Smart)

1931 – Isabel Peron, [Maria Martinez], dancer/president Argentina

1937 – John Devitt, Australia, 100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1960)

1937 – Magnar Solberg, Norway, 20K biathalete (Olympic-gold-1968, 72)

1939 – John Schuck, Boston Mass, comedian (McMillan & Wife, Holmes & Yoyo)

1940 – George A Romero, actor/director (Creepshow, Martin, 2 Evil Eyes)

1941 – John Steel, rock drummer (Animals-House of the Rising Sun)

1943 – Ken Thompson, American computer scientist

1944 – Florence LaRue Gordon, Penn, rocker (5th Dimension-One Less Bell)

1945 – David Brenner, Phila, comedian/TV talk show host (Nightlife)

1946 – Mary Meyer, US, 500m speed skater (Olympic-silver-1968)

1946 – Roy Yeager, Doraville Ga, rocker (Atlanta Rhythm Section)

1947 – James Danforth “Dan” Quayle, Indianapolis Indiana, USA (Sen-R-Ind, 44th Vice President 1989-93)

 

 

 

1948 – Alice Cooper, [Vincent Furnier], Detroitrocker (School’s Out)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1950 – James Dunn, US vocalist (Stylistics-You make me feel Brand New)

1950 – Pamela Franklin, Tokyo Japan, actress (Satan’s School for Girls)

1952 – Jerry Shirley, rock drummer (Humble Pie-Hot N Nasty, Eat It)

1959 – Lawrence Taylor, [LT], NFL’s greatest linebacker (NY Giants)

1960 – Siobhan Dowd, British/Irish author (d. 2007)

1961 – Vern Fleming, LIC NY, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1984)

1962 – Clint Black, Long Branch NJ, country vocalist (A Better Man)

1963 – Pirmin Zurbriggen, Swiss alpine skier (Olympic-gold-1988)

1963 – Tracie Ruiz-Conforto, Hawaii, sync swimmer (Oly-2 gold/silver-84, 88)

1964 – Noodles, American guitarist (The Offspring)

1966 – Barry Klein, Grand Rapids Mich, rower (Olympics-1996)

1970 – Gabrielle Anwar, Laleham England, actress (Body Snatchers)

1973 – Oscar De La Hoya, Los Angeles California, US boxer (Olympic Gold 92)

1978 – Laurence Borremans, Miss Belgium Universe (1997)

1979 – Andrei Arlovski, Russian mixed martial artist

1979 – Giorgio Pantano, Italian racing car driver

1982 – Chris Sabin, American professional wrestler

1982 – Tomas Vaitkus, Lithuanian professional road racing cyclist

1982 – Kimberly Wyatt, American singer and dancer (Pussycat Dolls)

1985 – Bug Hall, American actor

1988 – Carly Patterson, American gymnast

 

Deaths

211 – Lucius Septimus Severus, emperor of Rome (193-211), dies at 64

708 – Sisinnius, Greek-Syrian pope (708, 20 days), dies

856 – Hrabanus Maurus, East France, archbishop of Mainz, dies

869 – Saint Cyril, Greek missionary to the Slavs (b. 827)

1189 – Gilbert of Sempringham, English monastery founder/saint, dies

1222 – Willem I, earl of Holland (1203-22), dies

1503 – Queen Elizabeth, consort of Henry VII of England, dies

1508 – Conrad Celtes, German humanist scholar (b. 1459)

1615 – Dom Justo Takayama, Japanese warlord (b. 1552)

1615 – Giovanni Battista della Porta, Italian scholar, polymath and child prodigy (b. 1535)

1640 – Hendrick C Vroom, Dutch seascape painter, dies

1746 – Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave), dies at 46

1774 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)

1781 – Willem Crul, admiral (West-Indies), dies in battle at 59

1799 – Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)

1815 – Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder/inoculation proponent, dies at 77

1815 – Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist/graphic artist, dies at 58

1894 – Antoine J “Adolphe” Sax, instrument maker (saxophone), dies at 79

1911 – Peter A “Piet” Cronje, South Africa Boer general, dies at about 75

1928 – Hendrik A Lorentz, physicist (L transformation-Nobel 1902), dies at 74

1939 – Edward Sapir, US linguist/cultural anthropologist (indian), dies at 55

1939 – Henri W A Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell), dies at 72

1940 – Nikolai Yezhov, Head of Soviet NKVD (b. 1895)

1957 – Joseph Hardaway, creator of Bugs Bunny, dies at 66

1959 – Una O’Connor, actress (Banjo, Invisible Man), dies at 78

1964 – Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica), dies at 71

1965 – U C Greyhound, champion trotter (horse), dies at 33

1966 – Gilbert H Grosvenor, president Natl Geographic Society, dies at 90

1968 – Ed Baker, actor (Keystone Kops), dies of emphysema at 70

1969 – Thelma Ritter, actress (All About Eve, Pillow Talk), dies at 63

1974 – Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1894)

 

 

 

1975 – Louis JordanAmerican musician (b. 1908)

 

Videos

1975 – Howard Hill, American archer (b. 1899)

1983 – Karen Carpenter, rock drummer (Carpenters), dies of anorexia at 32

1987 – Liberace, pianist (Liberace Show, Evil Chandell-Batman), dies at 67

1989 – Kenneth “Jethro” Burns, country singer (Homer & Jethro), dies at 69

1992 – John Dehner, actor (Apache, Cowboy, Boys from Brazil), dies at 76

1994 – Harold Schneider, US producer (5 Easy Pieces, War Games), dies at 55

1994 – Jan Veldkamp, Dutch geophysicist/director (KNMI), dies at 84

1995 – Betty Davis, British dance teacher of Dame Margot Fonteyn, dies

1995 – Patricia Highsmith, [Mary Patricia Plangman], US/Swiss, dies at 74

1997 – James Friell, political cartoonist, dies at 84

2000 – Doris Coley, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1941)

2000 – Phil Tonken, American radio and television announcer (b. 1919)

2001 – J. J. Johnson, American jazz trombonist and composer (b. 1924)

2002 – George Nader, American film and television actor (b. 1921)

2003 – Charlie Biddle, Canadian jazz bassist (b. 1926)

2006 – Betty Friedan, American feminist (b. 1921)

2006 – Myron Waldman, American animator (b. 1908)

2007 – Barbara McNair, American singer and actress (b. 1934)

2009 – Lux Interior, Frontman of the garage rock band The Cramps (b. 1946)

 

 

 

2012 – Florence Greenlast surviving veteran of World War Onedies at 110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1377 – Cardinal Robert of Geneva (anti-pope Clemens VII) starts term

1377 – Mass execution of population of Cesena Italy

1451 – Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.

1488 – Bartholomeus Diaz discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)

1509 – The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.

1576 – Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris

1660 – General Moncks army reaches London

1690 – 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass)

1743 – Philadelphia establishes a “pesthouse” to quarantine immigrants

1783 – Spain recognizes US independence

1807 – A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.

1809 – Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)

1815 – World’s 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland

1834 – Wake Forest University is established.

1836 – Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)

1855 – Wisconsin Supreme Ct declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional

1864 – Sherman’s march through Mississippi

1865 – Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse

1870 – 15th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed

1876 – Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football

1882 – Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo

1887 – To avoid disputed natl elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act

1894 – 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched, Bath, Me

1895 – Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)

1900 – Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.

1908 – Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act

1913 – 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified

1915 – Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal

1916 – Canada’s original Parliament buildings, in Ottawa, burns down

1917 – US liner Housatonic sunk by German sub & diplomatic relations severed

1919 – League of Nations 1st meeting (Paris)

1930 – Vietnamese Communistic Party forms

1930 – William Howard Taft, resigns as chief justice for health reasons

1931 – Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state “apex of moronia”

1931 – The Hawke’s Bay earthquake, New Zealand’s worst natural disaster, kills 258

1941 – Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets min wages & max hrs

1942 – 1st Japanese air raid on Java

1943 – 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others

1944 – World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.

1945 – Almost 1000 Flying Fortresses drop 3000 ton bombs on Berlin

1945 – Walt Disney’s “3 Caballeros” released

1947 – -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)

1947 – 1st black reporter in Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)

1948 – Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US

1950 – Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spy charges

1951 – Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time

1951 – Largest purse to date in horse racing, $144,323, won by Great Circle

1953 – J Fred Muggs, a chimp, becomes a regular on NBC’s Today Show

 

 

 

1956 – Toni Sailor becomes 1st Olympic skier to sweep 3 alpine events

 

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – American Airlines Electra crashes in NY’s East River, killing 65

1961 – 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4″ (44.2cm))

1962 – John Uelses pole vaults record 489 cm

1962 – Pres Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs

1965 – 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating on exams

1965 – Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)

1966 – 1st operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched US

1966 – 1st soft landing on Moon (Soviet Luna 9)

1967 – “Purple Haze” recorded by Jimi Hendrix

1967 – Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.

1969 – The Palestine National Congress appointed Yasser Arafat head of PLO

1972 – 11th Winter Olympic games opens in Sapporo, Japan (1st in Asia)

1973 – Dr Hook’s “Cover of “Rolling Stone”” enters Top 40 & peaks at #6

1973 – President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act into law

1979 – “YMCA” by Village People peaks at #2 on pop singles chart

1979 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne

1982 – Greatest helicopter lift, 56,888 kg, Podmoscovnoe, USSR

1982 – John Sharples of England finishes disco dancing 371 hours

1982 – Porn star John Holmes ordered to stand trial for murder

1986 – Pres Reagan announces formation of Comm on Challenger Accident

1987 – SD Yacht Club celebrates return of America’s Cup

1989 – Military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay

1990 – Darryl Strawberry voluntarily enters Smither Center for Alcohol rehabilitation

1990 – Jockey Billy Shoemaker (58), retires after 40,350 horse race

1992 – Defense opens calling Noriega “our ally in war on drugs”

1992 – Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $300 per week

1993 – Cin Red owner Marge Schott suspended for 1 year due to racist comments

1993 – Federal trial of 4 police officers charged with civil rights violations in videotaped beating of Rodney King begins in LA Calif

1994 – Pres Bill Clinton lifts US trade embargo against Vietnam

1998 – Stamps commemorating Princess Diana go on sale across Britain

1998 – US military plane clips cable car lines in northern Italy, kills 20

1998 – Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former teacher, violates probation with 14 year-old father of her baby

1998 – Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.

2011 – All available blocks of IPv4 internet addresses are officially distributed to regional authorities.

 

 

 

Births

1338 – Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)

1368 – Charles VI, King of France (1380-1422)

1525 – Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina, composer

1655 – Francois Fagel, Dutch fieldmarshal, baptized

1677 – Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)

1721 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)

 

 

 

1747 – Samuel OsgoodAmerican patriot (d. 1813)

 

 

 

 

 

1784 – John Fane graaf van Westmorland, English (opera)composer/diplomat

1795 – Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)

 

 

 

1807 – Joseph Eggleston JohnstonGen (Confederate Army), died in 1891

 

 

 

 

 

1809 – Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Hamburg Germ, composer (Great Scherzos)

1811 – Horace Greeley, editor (“Go west, young man”)

1817 – Samuel Ryan Curtis, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866

1817 – Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)

1820 – Elisha Kent Kane, US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)

1821 – Elizabeth Blackwell, Bristol England, 1st woman physician

1823 – Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood’s Hole Station)

1824 – George Thomas “Tige” Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1824 – Nathan George “Shanks” Evans, Brig Gen (Confederacy), died in 1868

1826 – Walter Bagehot, England, economist/sociologist

1830 – Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902)

1831 – Cyrus Ballou Comstock, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1910

1859 – Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)

1874 – Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)

1878 – Joseph Gordon Coates, PM of New Zealand (1925-28)

1879 – Charles Follis, 1st black NFLer (Shelby, Ohio)

1883 – Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)

1893 – Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)

1894 – Norman Rockwell, US, artist/illustrator (Sat Evening Post covers)

1898 – Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)

1899 – Forrest “Red” DeBernardi, basketball hall of famer (elected 1961)

1904 – Charlie “Pretty Boy” Floyd, FBI Most Wanted criminal

1907 – James A Michner, NYC, writer (South Pacific, Hawaii, Space)

1907 – James Michener, American author (d. 1997)

1908 – Oddbjorn Hagen, Norway, cross country jumper (Olympic-gold-1936)

 

 

 

1909 – Simone WeilParissocial philosopher/Resistance fighter (WW II)

 

 

 

 

 

1911 – Jesse Thomas, blues singer

1913 – Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)

1918 – Joey Bishop, [Gottlieb], Bronx, talk show host (Joey Bishop Show)

1918 – Helen Stephens, Fulton Mo, American 100m runner (double Olympic gold-1936)

1920 – Henry Heimlich, doctor/inventor (Heimlich maneuver)

1920 – Stan Ockers, Belgian bicyclist (Tour de France 1955, 56)

1920 – Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver

1925 – John Fiedler, Platville Wisc, actor (Mr Peterson-Newhart)

1926 – Arthur Arfons, auto racer/designer (Green Monster 1964-536.71 MPH)

1926 – Shelley Berman, Chicago, comedian (Son of Blob, Love American Style)

1928 – Mr [Fred] Rogers, Latrobe, Pa, kid host (Mr Roger’s Neighorhood)

 

 

 

1935 – Johnny “Guitar” Watsonbluesmanguitarist

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1938 – Victor Buono, SD California, actor (Man from Atlantis, Untouchables)

1938 – Vladimir Grigoryevich Fartushny, Russia, cosmonaut

1938 – Emile Griffith, US Virgin Islands professional boxer

1940 – Fran Tarkenton, Richmond Va, NFL QB (NY Giants, Minnesota Vikings)

1943 – Blythe Danner, Phila PA, actress (Butterflies are Free)

1943 – Dennis Edwards, rocker (Temptations-Aint Too Proud To Beg, My Girl)

1945 – Bob Griese, NFL quarterback (Miami Dolphins, 1971 Player of Year)

1945 – Johnny Cymbal, rocker (Mr Bass Man)

 

 

 

1947 – Dave DaviesLondonrock vocalist/guitarist (Kinks-Lola)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1947 – Melanie, [Safka], Astoria, vocalist/songwriter (Candles in Rain)

1949 – Oscar Benton, Dutch blues vocalist/guitarist (Ze is Zoals Jij)

1950 – Morgan Fairchild, [Patsy McClenny], Dallas Tx, actress (Falcon Crest)

1951 – Felipe Munoz, Mexico, 200m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1968)

1952 – Fred Lynn, Chicago, baseball outfielder (Boston, California, Baltimore)

1956 – Nathan Lane, Jersey NJ, actor (One of the Boys, Frankie & Johnnie)

1956 – Pamela Cossey, England, model/sister of transsexual Tula

1956 – Lee Ranaldo, American musician (Sonic Youth)

1957 – Michele Greene, Las Vegas Nevada, actress (Abby Perkins-LA Law)

1958 – Joe Frank Edwards Jr, Richmond Va, Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 89)

1958 – Lee Crystal, rocker (Joan Jett & Blackhearts-Ashes in the Wind)

1958 – N. Gregory Mankiw, American economist

1959 – Molly Killingbeck, Jamaica, 4X400m relayer (Olympic-silver-1984)

1961 – Jay Adams, American skateboarder

1961 – Linda Eder, American singer

1965 – Dorcas Wonsavage, Madison Wis, cross country skier (Olympics-1994)

1965 – Kathleen Kimont, LA California, actress (Fraternity Vacation, Renegade)

1965 – Maura Tierney, Boston, actress (Lisa-Newsradio)

1966 – Gillian Bonner, Athens GA, playmate (Apr, 1996)

1966 – Sean Patrick Wade, Houston Texas, NZ marathoner (Olympics-96)

1967 – Jason Morris, Scotia NY, half-middleweight judoka (Oly-silver-92, 96)

1967 – Natalie Hunter, Melbourne VIC Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1976 – Isla Fisher, Australian actress

1989 – Ryne Sanborn, American actor

1990 – Cody Newton Gifford, son of Kathie Lee & Frank Gifford

1994 – Tallulah Belle Willis, 3rd daughter of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore

 

 

 

Deaths

474 – Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (457-74), dies

619 – Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury

699 – Saint Werburgh

865 – Ansgar/Anscharius/Oskar, German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg/saint, dies

1014 – Sweyn Forkbeard, Viking king of Denmark, Norway and England (1013-14), dies

1116 – King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)

1399 – John of Ghent, duke of Lancaster/king of Castile & Leon, dies at 58

1428 – Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)

1468 – Johann Gensfleisch Gutenberg, printer, dies

1536 – Garcia de Resende, Port writer/publisher (Cancioneiro Geral), dies

1619 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)

1697 – Sjoucke Gabbes, Frisian sailor, dies/buried on Dirk-Hartog Island

1737 – Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)

1862 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer, dies at 87

1874 – Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)

 

 

 

1889 – Belle StarrUS female gangstermurdered at 40

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – Christiaan R de Wet, South African Boer general, dies at 67

1922 – John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)

1924 – Woodrow Wilson, 28th US president (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67

1925 – Jaap Eden, Dutch World champion bicyclist/speed skating, dies at 51

1929 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)

1931 – Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72

1935 – Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)

1943 – Alexander Goode, rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns

1945 – Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies

1947 – Marc A “Pete” Mitscher, US lt-adm (WW II-Task Force 58), dies at 60

1956 – Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)

1956 – Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916)

1958 – Henry Kuttner, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were), dies at 42

1959 – Big Bopper, rocker, dies in plane crash at 28
1959 – Buddy Holly, rocker (That’ll be the Day), dies in a plane crash at 22
1959 – Richie Valens, rock vocalist (Donna), killed in plane crash at 17

1964 – Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)

1971 – Jay C Flippen, actor (Ensign O’Toole), dies at 72

1975 – William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (b. 1873)

1984 – Ravindara Mhatrem, Indian diplomat, killed in England

1985 – Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)

1989 – John Cassavetes, actor/director (Husbands, Dirty Dozen), dies at 59

 

 

 

1991 – Nancy Kulpactress (Jane Hathaway-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

1995 – Turner Fodrell, blues singer/guitarist, dies at 66

1996 – Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property Developer, dies at 81

 

 

 

1996 – Wild Jimmy Spruillblues guitaristdies at 61

 

 

 

 

 

1997 – William Geoffrey Biddle, bomb disposal expert, dies at 79

1998 – Karla Faye Tucker, murderer, executed at 38

2003 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (b. 1962)

2005 – Ernst Mayr, German-born biologist (b. 1904)

 

 

 

2006 – Al LewisAmerican actor (b. 1923)

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Pedro Knight, Cuban-American musician, husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz (b. 1921)

2008 – Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot (b. 1916)

2009 – Sheng-yen, Buddhist monk and founder of Dharma Drum Mountain. (b. 1930)

2010 – Regina, Crown Princess of Austria (b. 1925)

2011 – Maria Schneider, French actress (b. 1952)

2012 – Norton Zinder, American biologist, dies from pneumonia at 83

2012 – Christopher Samuel Youd, British science fiction writer, dies at 89

2012 – Ben Gazzara, American actor, dies from pancreatic cancer at 81

2012 – Zalman King, American actor and director, dies from cancer at 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

506 – King Alarik II of Visigoten delegates Lex Romania Visigothorum out

962 – Pope John XII crowns German King Otto I the Great Emperor

1032 – Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes King of Burgundy, succeeding Rudolf III

 

 

 

1141 – Battle at LincolnKing Stephen captured

 

 

 

 

 

1461 – 2nd battle of St Alban’s-Lancastrian defeat Yorkists

1509 – The Battle of Diu takes place near Diu, India, between Portugal and Turkey.

1542 – Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Moslem-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.

1653 – New Amsterdam becomes a city (later renamed New York City)

1709 – British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires “Robinson Crusoe”

1787 – Arthur St. Clair is elected the 9th President of the President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation.

1798 – Federal St Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire

1802 – 1st leopard exhibited in US, Boston (admission 25 cents)

1811 – Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of SF

1829 – Madman Jonathan Martin sets York Cathedral afire, does £60,000 damage

1848 – 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF

1848 – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million

1852 – 1st British public men’s toilet opens (Fleet St London)

1863 – Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time

1864 – -Oct 7th) Cruise of CSS Florida

1869 – James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade

1870 – Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum

1882 – Knights of Columbus forms in New Haven, Conn

1887 – In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day is observed.

1892 – Bottle cap with cork seal patented by William Painter (Baltimore)

1892 – Longest boxing match under modern rules; 77 rounds in Nameoki, Illinois between Harry Sharpe & Frank Crosby

1893 – 1st movie close-up (of a sneeze), Edison studio, West Orange, NJ

1894 – US warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island

1901 – Queen Victoria’s funeral takes place.

1912 – Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)

1913 – NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe

1922 – James Joyce’s “Ulysses” published in Paris (1,000 copies)

1923 – Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio

1923 – US signs friendship treaty with Central American countries

1924 – International Ski Federation (FIS) forms

1925 – Belgian episcopacy rejects liberalism, communism & socialism

1925 – Dogsleds reach Nome with emergency diphtheria serum after 1000-km

1926 – 3 men dance Charleston for 22 hours

1927 – Ziegfeld Theater (Loew’s Ziegfeld) opens at 6th Ave & 54th St NYC

1931 – 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students

1931 – 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)

1932 – Al Capone sent to prison (Atlanta, Georgia)

1933 – 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves Parliament

1934 – Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism/nazism

1935 – Lie detector 1st used in court (Portage Wisc)

1935 – Leonarde Keeler tests the first polygraph machine.

1940 – Frank Sinatra’s singing debut in Indianapolis (Tommy Dorsey Orch)

1942 – LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans

1942 – US auto factories switch from commercial to war production

 

 

 

1943 – Battle of Stalingrad ends with final surrender of the German army

 

 

 

 

 

1943 – German 6th Army surrenders at Stalingrad, turning point of WW II

1944 – 4th US marine division conquerors Roi, Marshall Islands

1945 – Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp

1949 – 1st 45 RPM record released

1949 – Golfing champ Ben Hogan seriously injured in an auto accident

1950 – 1st broadcast of “What’s My Line,” on CBS-TV

1951 – -35°F (-37°C), Greensburg, Indiana (state record until 1994)

1954 – Pres Eisenhower reports detonation of 1st H-bomb (done in 1952)

1954 – Snow falls on Gibraltar

1955 – 1st presidential news conference on network TV-Eisenhower on ABC

1956 – Coasters sign with Atlantic Records

1958 – Syria joins Egypt in United Arab Republic

1959 – Buddy Holly’s last performance

1959 – Vince Lombardi signs a 5 year contract to coach Green Bay Packers

1960 – Michale Eufemia sinks 625 balls in pool match without a miss

1962 – 1st pole vault over 16′ (4.88m) (John Uelses-16′, Melrose Games)

1962 – 8 of 9 planets align for 1st time in 400 years

1963 – Helen Shapiro begins tour (Beatles are part of undercard)

1964 – GI Joe, debuts as a popular American boy’s toy

1964 – Sjoukje Dijkstra (Neth) wins Olympic gold for figure skating

1967 – Formation of American Basketball Association is announced

1968 – Springer Publishers in West Berlin, bombed

1970 – Pete Maravich becomes 1st to score 3,000 college basketball points

1971 – Idi Amin ousts Milton Obote to become dictator of Uganda

1973 – “Midnight Special” rock music show debuts on NBC-TV

1973 – James R Schlesinger, becomes 9th director of CIA (until July)

1973 – Richard Helms, ends term as 8th director of CIA

1974 – Smallest crowd at Cleveland Arena (Cavs vs Golden State-1,641)

1974 – The F-16 Fighting Falcon flies for the first time.

1975 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill

1976 – “Honeymooners Second Honeymoon” airs on TV

1976 – “Rich Little Show,” debuts on NBC-TV

1977 – Burn up of Salyut 4 Space Station (USSR)

1977 – Radio Shack officially begins creating TRS-80 computer

1980 – FBI releases details of Abscam, a sting operation that targeted 31 elected & public officials for bribes for political favors

 

 

 

1982 – Hama MassacreThe government of Syria attacks the town of Hama and kills thousands of people.

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – Chicago Absp Joseph L Bernardin is among 18 new cardinals invested

1984 – Lebanese army fight in Beirut

1985 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano

1989 – 0°F (-18°C) or below in 15 US states

1989 – FW de Klerk replaces Botha as South Africa’s National Party leader

1991 – US postage is raised from 25 cents to 29 cents

1992 – IRS & Willie Nelson settle on $9M tax bill (of $16.7M)

1993 – Frito Lay pays court ordered $2,500,000 to Tom Wait for using his song

1996 – Ali Landry, 22, (Louisiana), crowned 45th Miss USA

2003 – Russian pop girl duo Tatu start a four-week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with ‘All The Things She Said’

2012 – Cold snap across Europe kills more than 100 people (over 400 people by 08-02)

2012 – MV Rabaul Queen sinks off the coast of Papa New Guinea with 246 people saved and 126 missing (100 of these estimated to be trapped inside)

 

 

 

Births

1208 – James I of Aragon (d. 1276)

1455 – King John of Denmark (d. 1513)

1494 – Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)

1502 – Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1574)

1522 – Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (d. 1565)

1583 – Anna Roemers Visscher, Dutch poetess

1595 – Jacob van Campen, painter/architect (New Church, Amsterdam)

1600 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)

1695 – William Borlase, English naturalist (d. 1772)

1695 – François de Chevert, French general (d. 1769)

1802 – Jean-Baptiste JD Boussingault, French chemist

 

 

 

1803 – Albert Sidney JohnstonGen (Confederate Army), died in 1862

 

 

 

 

 

1815 – Nathaniel Collins McLean, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1905

1817 – John Glover, English chemist (sulfuric acid)

1827 – Abner Monroe Perrin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1829 – Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)

1841 – François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)

1842 – Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)

1850 – Carel V Gerritsen, Dutch free thinker

1859 – Havelock Ellis, US physician/sexologist (Psychology of Sex)

1861 – Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)

1861 – Solomon R Guggenheim, philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC)

1881 – Karl Frederick, pistol champ (Olympic-gold-1920)

1882 – James Joyce, Ireland, novelist/poet (Dubliners, Ulysses, Finnigan’s Wake)

1893 – Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1974)

1893 – Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (d. 1970)

1895 – George S Halas, [Papa Bear], end/coach (Bears), co-founder NFL

1896 – Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (d. 1980)

1897 – Howard Johnson, American hotelier (d. 1972)

1897 – Aimé Avignon, France’s former oldest living man (d. 2007)

1905 – Ayn Rand, Russian-born author and philosopher (Atlas Shrugged, Fountainhead)(d. 1982)

1905 – Jean-Pierre Guerlain, cosmetics pioneer

1908 – Clarence “Buster” Crabbe, California, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1932)/actor

1910 – Charlotte Auerbach, computer Pioneer/Mathematician

1915 – Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (d. 2002)

1920 – An Wang, founder (Wang Labs, Wang Computers)

1923 – James Dickey, Atlanta, poet/actor (Deliverance)

1923 – Peter Fowler, physicist

1923 – Liz Smith, American gossip columnist

1926 – Elaine Stritch, Detroit Mich, actress (My Sister Eileen, Company)

1926 – Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, French politician

1927 – Stan Getz, Phila, jazz tenor saxophonist (Benny Goodman, Jimmy Dorsey)

1931 – Judith Viorst, American author

1932 – Robert Mandan, Clever Mo, actor (Chester-Soap, James-3’s a Crowd)

1934 – [Clyde] Skip Batten, LA California, rocker (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn)

1937 – Martina Arroyo, NYC, opera soprano (NY Met)

1937 – Tom Smothers, NYC, comedian (Smother Brother Show, Serial)

1939 – Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist, father of electronics in Iran (d. 2000)

1940 – Alan “Tea” Caddy, rock guitarist (Tornados-Globetrotter)

1940 – Thomas M[ichael] Disch, US, sci-fi author (Genocides, 102 H-Bombs)

1940 – Wayne Fontes, American football coach

1942 – Barry Diller, founder (Fox-TV)

1942 – Bo Hopkins, Greenville SC, actor (Dynasty, Doc Elliot, Rockford Files)

1942 – Graham Nash, guitarist (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young-Southern Cross)

1943 – Peter MacBeth, rocker (Foundations)

 

 

 

1946 – Farrah FawcettTexasactress (Charley’s AngelsBurning Bed)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1946 – Howard Bellamy, Darby Fla, vocalist (Bellamy Bros-Let Your Love Flow)

1947 – Aleksandr Medved, USSR, wrestler (Olympic-gold-1964, 68, 72)

1947 – Peter Lucia, rock drummer (Tommy James & Shondells-Crystal Blue)

1948 – Alan McKay, rocker (Earth Wind & Fire-Boogie Wonderland)

1948 – Jessica Savitch, Kennet Sq PA, news anchor (NBC)

1949 – Ross Valory, SF, rock bassist (Journey-Who’s Crying Now, Open Arms)

1949 – Tom Tripplehorn, rocker (Gary Lewis & Playboys-This Diamond Ring)

1951 – Alphonso Johnson, jazz bassist

1951 – Kim Zimmer, Mich, actress (Guiding Light, Doctors, One Life to Live)

1952 – Simon MacCorkindale, Cambridge Engl, actor (Jaws 3, MacBeth) [or 2/12]

1953 – Duane Chapman, American bounty hunter.

1954 – Christie Brinkley, [Ex-Mrs Billy Joel], model/actress (SI, Vacation)

1958 – Dexter Manley, NFLer (Wash Redskins)

1962 – Andy Fordham, English darts player

1963 – Pebbles Flintstone, fictional character on “The Flintstones”

1963 – Philip Laats, Belgian judoka

1966 – Tony Plourde, Chibougamau Quebec, sabre (Olympics-96)

1967 – Laurent Nkunda, Congolese general

1968 – Paul McKenzie, Australian Finn class yachter (Olympics-96)

1972 – Tego Calderón , nominated reggaeton singer/rapper.

1973 – Sergio Gonzalez, rocker (Menudo-Cannonball)

1974 – Jeff Cassar, soccer goalkeeper (Olympics-gold-96)

 

 

 

1977 – Shakira [Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll], Barranquilla, Colombiapop singer (‘Whenever Wherever‘, ‘Waka Waka‘)

 

 

 

 

 

1979 – Lindsay Langston, Modesto California, archer (Olympics-1996)

1979 – Petra Cada, Prague Czech, Canadian table tennis player (Olympics-96)

1979 – Shamita Shetty, Indian actress

1982 – Brandy Talore, American pornographic actress

1982 – Han Ga In, South Korean model/actress

1992 – Rebop Rundgren, son of Michelle Gray & Todd

 

 

 

Deaths

672 – Saint Chad

1032 – Rudolf III, last independent king of Bourgundy, dies

1124 – Bořivoj II of Bohemia

1218 – Konstantin of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod (b. 1186)

1250 – Eric XI of Sweden (b. 1216)

1435 – Johanna II, lawless Queen of Naples (1414-35), dies at 61

1461 – Owen Tudor, Welsh founder of the Tudor dynasty of England

1580 – Bessho Nagaharu, Japanese retainer (b. 1558)

1648 – George Abbot, English writer

1685 – Charles II, King of England/Scotland/Ireland (1660-85), dies at 54

1688 – Abraham Duquesne, French naval officer (b. 1610)

1704 – Guillaume F A de l’Hospital, French mathematician, dies at about 62

1712 – Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician

1723 – Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist, dies at 66

1768 – Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)

1793 – William Aiton, English botanist (Kew Gardens), dies at 61

 

 

 

1804 – George WaltonSigner of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1749-50)

 

 

 

 

 

1904 – William C. Whitney, American financier (b. 1841)

1907 – Dmitri I Mendelejev, Russian chemist (Periodic Table), dies at 72

1918 – John L Sullivan, Mass, heavyweight boxing champ, dies at 59

1926 – Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)

1931 – Theodor Batthynyi, Hungarian contra-revolutionary, dies at 71

1945 – Karl F Goerdeler, mayor (Leipzig)/”July 20th plot”, hanged at 60

1950 – Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (b. 1873)

1957 – Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (b. 1890)

1961 – Anna May Wong, actress (Thief of Baghdad), dies at about 56

 

 

 

1969 – Boris Karloff, [Pratt], British actor (Frankenstein), dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Giovanni Martinelli, opera singer (NY Met), dies at 83

1970 – Bertrand Russell, philosopher, British MP, dies in Merioneth at 97

1979 – Sid Vicious, [John Simon Ritchie], bassist (Sex Pistols), OD’s at 31

1980 – William H Stein, US biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies at 68

1981 – Donald W Douglas, US aircraft pioneer/builder, dies at 88

1983 – Sam Chatman, elder statesman of the blues, dies

1987 – Alfred Lion, record founder (Blue Note), dies at 78

1987 – Patrick “Spike” Hughes, Brit jazz musician (Cinderella), dies at 78

 

 

 

1987 – Alistair MacLeanScottish novelist (b. 1922)

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – G Mennen Williams, Supreme Court justice, dies at 76 in Detroit

1989 – John Cassavetes, US actor (Rosemary’s Baby)/director, dies at 59

1992 – Bert Parks, [Jacobson], TV host (Miss America), dies at 77

1992 – Jack [John T] Aitken, British anatomist, dies at 78

1994 – Willie Mae Ford Smith, gospel Singer/Songwriter, dies at 89

1994 – Zilner T Randolph, jazz Trumpeter/ Arranger, dies at 95

1995 – Donald Pleasance, English actor (Halloween), dies at 75

1995 – Robert L Haller, coon Dog Trainer, dies at 32

1996 – Gene Kelly, actor/dancer (Singing in the Rain), dies at 83

1996 – Ray McIntire, chemical engineer, dies at 77

2005 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (b. 1905)

2007 – Masao Takemoto, Japanese gymnast (b. 1919)

2007 – Billy Henderson, American singer (The Spinners) (b. 1939)

2007 – Joe Hunter, American pianist and bandleader of The Funk Brothers (b. 1927)

2007 – Eric von Schmidt, American folk/blues singer-songwriter (b. 1931)

2012 – Dorothy Gilman, American mystery writer, dies from Alzheimer’s disease at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

772 – Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1327 – Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.

1539 – Emperor Karel & King Francois I sign anti-English treaty

1587 – English queen Elizabeth I signs Mary Stuarts death sentence

1662 – Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders for Chinese pirates

1709 – Alexander Selkirk [Robinson Crusoe] rescued from Juan Fernandez

1788 – 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet

1789 – Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long

1790 – Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)

1796 – The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.

1810 – 1st insurance co managed by blacks (American Insurance Co of Phila)

1810 – Seville, Spain surrenders to French

1810 – US Population: 7,239,881, Black population: 1,377,808 (19%)

1814 – Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200

1840 – Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated

 

 

 

1856 – Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – American Civil War: Texas becomes the 7th state to secede from the United States.

1862 – Julia Howe publishes “Battle Hymn of Republic”

1865 – 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)

1865 – General Sherman’s march through South Carolina begins

1871 – Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)

1881 – US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized

1884 – 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published

1887 – Harvey Wilcox of Ks subdivides 120 acres he owned in Southern California & starts selling it off as a real estate development (Hollywood)

1892 – Mrs William Astor invites 400 guests to a grand ball at her mansion thus beginning use of “400” to describe socially elite

1893 – Thomas Edison complete’s worlds 1st movie studio (West Orange NJ)

1896 – Giacomo Puccini’s Opera “La Boheme,” premieres in Turin

1897 – Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.

1898 – 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co

1909 – US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah opens

1914 – Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed

1914 – Tanganyika Railway opens

1917 – Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war

1920 – 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul Minn)

1920 – Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police

1923 – Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini

1937 – Stapleton, Staten Island becomes a customs-free port

1940 – Russia begins new offensive against Finland

1943 – German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier

1943 – Mussert forms pro Nazi shadow cabinet (Neth)

1944 – US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur

1945 – US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie

1948 – Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed

1949 – 200″ (5.08-m) Hale telescope 1st used [See June 3, 1948]

1949 – RCA releases 1st single record ever (45 rpm)

1950 – USSR demands condemnation of Emperor Hirohito for war crimes

1951 – -50°F (-46°C), Gavilan, New Mexico (state record)

1951 – 1st X-ray moving picture process demonstrated

1951 – 1st telecast of atomic explosion

1951 – Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed

1951 – UN condemns People’s Republic of China as aggressor in Korea

1953 – “General Electric Theater” premieres on CBS TV; Reagan later hosts

1953 – “You Are There” with Walter Cronkite premieres on CBS television

1954 – 1st TV soap opera “Secret Storm” premieres

1957 – 1st black pilot (PH Young) on a US scheduled passenger airline

 

 

 

1957 – Felix Wankel’s first working prototype DKM 54 of the Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany

 

 

 

 

 

1958 – 1st US satellite (Explorer I) launched

1959 – Swiss males vote against voting rights for women

1959 – Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)

1959 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss

1959 – US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins

1960 – 4 students stage 1st civil rights sit-in, at Greensboro NC Woolworth

1960 – Extreme right-wing rebels in Algiers surrender

1961 – 1st full-scale test of US Minuteman ICBM is successful

1961 – British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive

1964 – Beatles’ “I Want to Hold Your Hand,” 1st #1 hit, stays #1 for 7 weeks

1964 – Indiana Governor Mathew Walsh tries to ban “Louie Louie” for obscenity

1965 – Martin Luther King Jr & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma Ala

1965 – Peter Jennings, 26, becomes anchor of ABC’s nightly news

1968 – Former VP Richard Nixon announces candidacy for president

1968 – Vince Lombardi resigns as coach of Green Bay Packers

 

 

 

1968 – Famous photoSaigon police chief Nguyen Ngoc Loan executes a Viet Cong officer with a pistol shot to head

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1969 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood

1972 – 1st scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) introduced ($395)

1974 – “Good Times” (spinoff from “Maude”) premieres on CBS TV

1976 – Sonny & Cher resume TV show, despite real-life divorce

1976 – East Lansing police arrest Dodgers reliever Mike Marshall for taking batting practice at Mich State U after he is warned not to

1977 – Heavy blizzard in New England claims 100 lives

1978 – Harriet Tubman is 1st black woman honored on a US postage stamp

1978 – Director Roman Polanski skips bail & fled to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl

1979 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 yrs in exile

1979 – Patricia Hearst is released from a SF prison for bank robbery

1981 – French government accord sends 60 Mirage fighter jets to Iraq

1982 – “Late Night With David Letterman” debuts on NBC-TV

1984 – Ravindara Mhatrem, Indian diplomat, kidnapped in England (killed 0203)

1985 – -61°F (-52°C), Maybell, Colorado (state record)

1985 – -69°F (-56°C), Peter’s Sink, Utah (state record)

1985 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Tiffany Chin

1987 – 163 day strike against Deere & Co ends, workers accept wage freeze

1989 – Comet Schwassmann-Wachmann 1 at perihelion

1991 – Afghanistan/Pakistan hit by earthquake, 1,200 die

1991 – President F W de Klerk, says he would repeal all apartheid laws

1992 – Barry Bonds signs baseball’s highest single year contract ($4.7 mil)

1992 – Denis Potvin’s #5 becomes 1st number retired by NY Islanders

1993 – NY Judge Sol Wachtler indicted for harassing Joy Silverman

1994 – Large meteorite falls near Kusaie, Pacific Ocean

1995 – Amtrak NY-Tampa run ends

1996 – The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.

1998 – Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne became the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral.

2003 – Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.

2004 – 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.

2004 – Janet Jackson’s breast is exposed during the half-time show of Super Bowl XXXVIII, resulting in US broadcasters adopting a stronger adherence to FCC censorship guidelines.

2009 – Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is elected as the first female Prime Minister of Iceland, becoming the first openly gay Head of State in the modern world.

2012 – At least 73 people are killed in the Egyptian football riots in Port Said

 

 

 

Births

1261 – Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (d. 1326)

1459 – Conrad Celtes, German scholar (d. 1508)

1462 – Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (d. 1516)

1552 – Edward Coke, Mileham Norfolk, jurist/politician (defended common law)

1659 – Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch Swiss lawyer/navigator (Easter Island)

1663 – Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, foundress (d. 1748)

1791 – Charles J Sax, Belgian music instrument builder

1801 – Thomas Cole, US, romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)

1807 – William Bowen Campbell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1819 – Henry Lawrence Eustis, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885

1829 – John Potts Slough, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1844 – Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)

1872 – Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)

1873 – John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)

 

 

 

1895 – John FordCape Elizabeth Mainedirector (StagecoachAir MailQuiet Man)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1896 – Anastasio “Tacho” Somoza, general/pres of Nicaragua (1937-56)

1901 – Clark Gable, Cadiz Ohio, American actor (Gone With the Wind)

1902 – Langston Hughes, poet/translator (Weary Blues)

1902 – Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947, by execution)

 

 

 

1904 – S J PerelmanBrooklynauthor/humorist (Around the World in 80 Days)

 

 

 

 

 

1908 – George Pal, Hungarian/US director (When Worlds Collide, Puppetoons)

1918 – Muriel Spark, Edinburgh Scotland, novelist (Prime of Miss Jean Brodie)

1924 – H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997)

1926 – Stuart Whitman, SF California, actor (Capt Apache, Ransom, Cimarron Strip)

1928 – Peter Gordon Dorrell, archaeologist/photographer

1928 – Sam Edwards, physicist

1931 – Boris Yeltsin, Ural Mts USSR, president of Russian SSR

1931 – Madeline Berthod, Switzerland, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1956)

1931 – Mark Richmond, CEO (Science & Engineering Research Council)

1935 – Vladimir Viktorovich Aksyonov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 22, T-2)

1937 – Don Everly, Brownie Ky, vocalist (Everly Bros-Wake Up Little Susie)

1937 – Dr Hook, [Ray Sawyer], Ala, vocalist (Dr Hook-When You’re in Love)

1937 – Garrett Morris, New Orleans La, actor (SNL, Martin, Carwash)

1938 – Jimmy Carl Black, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1938 – Sherman Hemsley, Phila, actor (All in the Family, Jeffersons, Amen), (d. 2012)

1939 – Del McCoury, bluegrass singer/musician

1940 – Bibi Besch, Vienna Austria, actress (Star Trek 2, Beast Within)

1941 – Anatoliy Firssov, USSR, ice hockey play (Olympic-gold-1964, 68, 72)

1941 – Franco Nones, Italy, 30K cross country skier (Olympic-gold-1968)

1941 – Robert Walmsley, British Vice-Admiral

 

 

 

1942 – Terry JonesColwyn Bay North Walescomedian (Monty Python)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1945 – Ole Buck, composer

1950 – Mike Campbell, American guitarist and producer

1952 – Rick James, [James Johnson], rock/soul/funk vocalist (Super Freak)

1954 – Billy Mumy, California, actor (Will Robinson-Lost in Space, Dear Brigitte)

1954 – Mike Campbell, guitarist (Tom Petty & Heartbreakers-Breakdown)

1961 – Daniel M Tani, Ridley Park MD, astronaut

1963 – Jani Lane, heavy metal drummer (Warrant-Cherry Pie)

1964 – Linus Roache, English actor

1965 – Brandon Lee, Emerson Colo, actor (Showdown in Little Tokyo)

1965 – Sherilyn Fenn, Detroit Mich, actress (2 Moon Junction, Twin Peaks)

1965 – Stephanie Marie Elisabeth de Grimaldi, Monte Carlo Monaco, Princess

1966 – Michelle Akers, Santa Clara California, soccer forward (Olympics-96)

1968 – George Quigley Jr, Cin Ohio, skeet (Olympics-1996)

1968 – Lisa Marie Presley Keough Jackson, Memphis Tenn, daughter of Elvis

1968 – Pauly Shore, Hollywood, comedian (Totally Pauly, Encino Man)

1969 – Bryan Jacob, Palatka Fla, 59 kg (130 lbs) weightlifter (Oly-1992, 96)

1969 – John Moore, Australian baseball catcher (Olympics-1996)

1969 – Joshua Redman, American musician

 

 

 

1969 – Andrew BreitbartLos AngelesCaliforniaconservative blogger and publisher, (d. 2012)

 

TRIBUTE

 

 

 

 

1970 – Yasuyuki Kazama, Japanese racing driver

1972 – [Thomas] Carlton Bruner, US, 1500m freestyle swimmer (Olympics-96)

1972 – Yoshi DeHerrera, American TV personality

1973 – Yuri Landman, Experimental musical instrument builder, musician and comic book artist

1974 – Lisa Marie Scott, Pensacola FL, playmate (Feb, 1994)

1974 – David Meca, Spanish long distance swimmer

1975 – Big Boi, American musician (Outkast)

1976 – Phil Ivey, American poker player

1979 – Valentin Elizalde, Mexican Singer (d.2006)

1981 – Rob Austin, British racing driver

1985 – Rachael Scdoris, American dog musher

1986 – Lauren Conrad, American TV star

 

 

Deaths

656 – Sigebert III, king of Austrasia, dies at about 25

1204 – Alexius IV Angelus, regent of Byzantium (1203-04), murdered

1294 – Louis II, the Stern, ruler of Upper-Bayern, dies

1328 – Charles IV, the Handsome, King of France (1322-28), dies

1502 – Olivier de la Marche, Flemish writer/poet/governor, dies

 

 

 

1650 – Rene Descartesphilosopher “I think therefore I am“, stops thinking

 

 

 

 

 

1666 – Sjihab al-Din Sultan C Shah Djahan, mogol of India (Taj-Mahal), dies

1768 – Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (b. 1685)

1839 – Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist, dies at 76

1850 – Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln

1851 – Mary Shelley, novelist (Frankenstein), dies at 53

1869 – Frederik W Conrad, hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer, dies at 68

1873 – Matthew Maury, hydrographer, dies

1878 – George Cruikshank, English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85

1897 – Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist (b. 1826)

1940 – Philip Francis Nowlan, science fiction writer, creator of Buck Rogers character (b. 1888)

1957 – Friedrich von Paulus, German field marshall (Stalingrad), dies at 66

1959 – Madame Sul-To-Wan, [Conley], actress (Birth of a Nation), dies at 85

1963 – Fleetwood Lindley, the last living person to see Abraham Lincoln’s face (b. 1888)

1966 – Buster Keaton, [Joseph Francis], US comic (General), dies at 69

1966 – Hedda Hopper, [Elda Furry], US gossip columnist, dies at 75

1970 – Alfréd Rényi, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1921)

1974 – Lynda Ann Healy, 1st Bundy murder victim, abducted in Seattle

1976 – Edgar Pangborn, sci-fi author (Judgment of Eve, Davy), dies at 66

1976 – Werner C Heisenberg, physicist (Nobel 1932, field theory), dies at 74

1976 – George Whipple, American scientist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1878)

1977 – Edmond [Moore] Hamilton, US, sci-fi author (Danger Planet), dies at 72

1980 – Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (b. 1930)

1981 – Donald W Douglas, US aviation pionieer/builder, dies at 88

1983 – Tullio Campagnolo, Italian bicycle manufacturer, dies

1988 – Heather O’Rourke, (Poltergeist) star, dies of intestinal ailment at 12

1989 – Elaine de Kooning, American artist (b. 1918)

1991 – James G MacDonald, cartoon voice (Mickey Mouse), dies at 84

1996 – Clive Burton, neuropathologist, dies at 54

1997 – Herb Caen, columnist, Lung cancer, dies at 80

1999 – Paul Mellon, American philanthropist (b. 1907)

 

 

 

2003 – Michael P. Anderson – crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1959)

 

2003 – David Brown – crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1956)

 

 

 

2003 – Kalpana Chawla – crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1961)

 

 

 

2003 – Laurel Clark – crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1961)

 

2003 – Rick D. Husband – crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1957)

 

 

 

2003 – Willie McCool – crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1961)

 

2003 – Ilan Ramon – crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster) (b. 1954)

 

 

 

 

2005 – John Vernon, Canadian actor (b. 1932)

2012 – Angelo Dundee, American boxing trainer and cornerman, dies at 90

2012 – Don Cornelius, American television host, commits suicide by gunshot at 75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

876 – Charles becomes king of Italy

1504 – By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon

 

 

 

1578 – Battle of Gembloux

 

 

 

 

1596 – Catholic League disjoins

1609 – Wisselbank of Amsterdam established

1675 – Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft

1747 – The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.

1779 – Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog

1804 – British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao

1846 – After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

1851 – Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk

1855 – Western railroads blocked by snow

1861 – State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans

1862 – Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius

1863 – 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army

1865 – Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)

1865 – Gen Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies

1871 – Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkens sky

1874 – Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

1876 – The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.

1895 – Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba

1901 – Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal

1905 – 1st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach

1906 – Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter

1915 – 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians

1917 – Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship

1918 – A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

1919 – The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland.

1920 – Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates

1928 – Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company

1930 – 1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, NJ

1933 – Hitler promises parliamentary democracy

1934 – FDR devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce

1936 – “Green Hornet” radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit

1940 – 40 U boats sunk this month (111,000 ton)

1941 – 21 U boats sunk this month (127,000 ton)

1942 – 62 U boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)

1943 – 39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)

1943 – Chile breaks contact with Germany & Japan

1943 – Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad

1944 – Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June

1944 – U-592 sunk off Ireland

 

 

 

1944 – US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath

1948 – Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway

1950 – President Harry Truman publicly announces development of H-bomb

1950 – Pres Harry Truman OKs building of hydrogen bomb

1953 – “Princess Victoria” capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die

1953 – Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835

1957 – Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished

1957 – Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.

1958 – US launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1

1961 – David Ben-Gurion resigns as premier of Israel

1961 – Ham is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2

1961 – USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights

1962 – Gen Charles P Cabell, USAF, ends term as deputy director of CIA

1962 – Samuel Gravely assumes command of destroyer escort “USS Falgout”

1964 – US report “Smoking & Health” connects smoking to lung cancer

1966 – Belgian state police kills 2 striking mine workers

1968 – Record high barometric pressure (1083.8 mb, 32″), at Agata, USSR

1969 – Beatles perform last live gig (42-min concert on roof of Apple HQs)

1969 – Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, ends term as deputy director of CIA

1970 – Grateful Dead members busted on LSD charges

1971 – “My Sweet Lord” by George Harrison hit #1 on UK pop chart

1971 – Apollo 14 launched, 1st landing in lunar highlands

1971 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1974 – MacDonald’s founder Ray Kroc buys San Diego Padres

1978 – Israel turns 3 milt outposts in West Bank into civilian settlements

1980 – Police storm occupied Spanish embassy in Guatemala City, killing 41

1981 – “The Tide Is High” by Blondie hits #1

1982 – 10 Arabian oryx (extinct except in zoos) released in Oman

1984 – Edwin Newman retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network

1986 – Mary Lund of Minn, is 1st female recipient of an artificial heart

1988 – Barge sinks near Anacortes, WA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil

1990 – 1st McDonalds in Russia opens in Moscow, world’s biggest McDonalds

1990 – The first McDonald’s in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow, USSR.

1991 – Robert Gibson flies record 27,040 feet altitude

1994 – Dow Jones hits a record 3,978.36

1995 – President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.

2001 – In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.

2003 – The Waterfall rail accident occurs near Waterfall, New South Wales, Australia.

2009 – In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people.

 

 

 

Births

36 BC – Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor (d. 38 AD)

877 – Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (d. 943)

1512 – King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)

1543 – Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of Japan (d. 1616)

1550 – Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader (d. 1588)

1597 – John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)

1620 – Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief

 

 

 

1734 – Robert Morrismerchant (signed Declaration of Independence)(20th ?)

 

 

 

 

 

1752 – Gouverneur MorrisAmerican lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)

 

 

 

 

 

1802 – Jan C J van Speijk, Dutch naval hero

 

 

 

1810 – Daniel RugglesBrigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897

 

 

 

 

 

1812 – John Randolph Tucker, Capt (Confederate Navy), died in 1883

1813 – Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist

1817 – Antony Winkler Prins, Dutch writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia)

1818 – William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871

1857 – George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)

1865 – Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)

1868 – Theodore William Richards, chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)

 

 

 

1872 – Zane GreyAmerican Western novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)

 

 

 

 

 

1877 – Max Ettlinger, German philosopher

1881 – Irving Langmuir, inventor (tungsten filament lamp/Nobel 1932)

1881 – Joseph A Cushman, US, palaentologist

1884 – Nicholas Joy, Paris France, actor (Boss Lady)

1892 – Eddie Cantor, NYC, comedian (Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater)

1893 – Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer

1896 – Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)

1902 – Alva Myrdal, Uppsala Sweden, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize-1982)

1902 – Jean C M Picart le Doux, France, carpet designer

1902 – Julian H Steward, US anthropologist/professor

1903 – Gardner Cowles, Iowa, publisher/founder (Look Magazine)

1903 – Tallulah Bankhead, Huntsville Ala, actress (Lifeboat, Die Die Darling)

1905 – John O’Hara, Pottstown Penn, novelist (Appointment at Samarra)

1909 – Foley Newns, British colonial administrator

1911 – Christina Foyle, book seller

1914 – Jersey Joe Walcott, heavyweight boxing champ (1951-52)

1914 – Louis Osman, architect/artist/goldsmith

1915 – Bobby Hackett, Providence RI, trumpeteer/orchestra leader (Air Time ’57)

1915 – John Profumo, president (Toynbee Hall)

1915 – Thomas Merton, France, Trappist monk/poet/essayist (7 Storey Mt)

1915 – Alan Lomax, American musicologist (d. 2002)

1916 – Violet Cane, statistician

1919 – Jackie Robinson, Ga, 1st black major league baseball player (Dodgers)

1921 – Carol Channing, Wash, actress (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Hello Dolly)

1921 – John Agar, Chicago, actor (Fort Apache, Sands of Iwo Jima)

1921 – Mario Lanza, Phila, actor/singer (Great Caruso, Toast of New Orleans)

1921 – E. Fay Jones, American architect (d. 2004)

1923 – Joanne Dru, Logan WV, actress (Guestwood Ho, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon)

1923 – Norman Mailer, Long Branch NJ, NYC mayoral candidate/novelist (Naked & the Dead), (d. 2007)

1925 – Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader

1928 – Chuck Willis, rock vocalist (C C Rider)

1928 – Eric Ash, rector (Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine)

1929 – Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist, Nobel laureate

1929 – Jean Simmons, London, England, actress (Thorn Birds, Guys & Dolls)

1930 – Joakim Bonnier, Swedish racecar driver (d. 1972)

1931 – Ernie Banks, Dallas Texas, “Mr Cub” Chicago Cubs, Hall-of-Famer (short stop/1st baseman)

1934 – James Franciscus, Clayton Mo, actor (Mr Novak, Longstreet, Hunter)

1934 – Ron Weatherburn, jazz pianist

1936 – Marvin Junior, singer (Dells-Oh What a Night)

1937 – Philip Glass, Baltimore Md, minimal composer (Einstein on the Beach)

 

 

 

1937 – Suzanne PleshetteNYCactress (BirdsEmily-Bob Newhart Show)

 

 

 

 

 

1938 – Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, queen of Netherlands (1980- )

1940 – Jessica Walter, Bkln NY, actress (Play Misty For Me, Amy Prentiss)

1940 – Stuart Margolin, Davenport Iowa, actor (Love American Style)

1941 – Richard A Gephardt, (Rep-D-MO, 1977- )

 

 

 

1944 – Charley Musselwhiteblues musician (Stand BackLouisiana Fog)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1946 – Terry Kath, rocker (Chicago-If You Leave Me Now)

 

 

 

1947 – Nolan Ryanpitcher (Mets, Angels, Astros) (7 no-hitters5,714 Ks)

 

 

 

 

 

1951 – Harry Casey, [KC], rock vocalist (KC & Sunshine Band-Give It)

1951 – Phil Manzanera, rock guitarist (Roxy Music-Let’s Stick Together)

1951 – Dave Benton, Aruban-born singer

1954 – Adrian Vandenberg, Amsterdam Neth, rock guitarist (Whitesnake)

1956 – Johnny Rotten, [John Lydon], rocker (Sex Pistols-God Save the Queen)

1957 – Brett “the Hitman” Hart, Alberta Canada, WWF champion

1957 – Shirley F Babashoff, California, swimmer (Olympics-6 silver/2 gold-72, 76)

1958 – Tom Schuman, pianist (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance)

1959 – Anthony LaPaglia, actor (Murder One)

1959 – Kelly Lynch, actress (Drugstore Cowboy)

1959 – Kelly Moore, American stock car driver

1960 – Elaine Roque, Santa Monica Ca, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1960 – Grant Morrison, British comic book author

1961 – Lloyd Cole, guitar/vocals (& the Commotions-Rattlesnakes)

1963 – Scott Ian Rosenfeld, Bayside NY, rocker (Anthrax-Protest & Survive)

1964 – Sharon Cain, San Antonio TX, team handball center back (Olympics-1996)

1964 – Jeff Hanneman, American musician (Slayer)

1965 – Adam Johnson, Portland Ore, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1965 – Kim Clarke, Tulsa Oklahoma, team handball back court (Olympics-88, 92, 96)

1969 – Mathew Pallister, Sydney NSW Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1970 – Rachel Jean Marteen, Atlanta GA, playmate (Aug, 1995)

1971 – Minnie Driver, actress (Good Will Hunting)

1973 – Portia de Rossi, Australian actress

1974 – Pavi Sald, ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Oly-98)

1974 – Tory Toogood, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1976 – Buddy Rice, American race car driver

1977 – Naomi Darrell, Miss Bermuda Universe (1997)

1977 – Kate Shindle, American actress

1977 – Kerry Washington, American actress

1978 – Brad Rutter, Jeopardy! champion

1980 – Tiffany Limos, American actress

1981 – Justin Timberlake, Memphis, Tennessee, singer-songwriter (Sexyback, My Love)

 

 

 

Deaths

743 – Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia Imam (b. 676)

1398 – Emperor Sukō (b. 1334)

1435 – Xuande, Emperor of China (b. 1398)

1561 – Menno Simonsz, Dutch priest/vicar (Foundation Book), dies

1561 – Bairam Khan, Great Mughal General, regent for Akbar

 

 

 

1606 – Guy Fawkesconvicted in the “Gunpowder Plot“, executed at 35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1632 – Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)

1720 – Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)

1729 – Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)

1736 – Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (b. 1678)

1788 – [Bonnie Prince Charlie] Charles E Stuart, English pretender to the throne, dies at 67

1790 – Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)

1794 – Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)

1815 – José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)

1828 – Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter, dies at 35

1844 – Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)

1888 – John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)

1907 – Timothy Eaton, Canadian department store founder (b. 1834)

 

 

 

1945 – Eddie Slovik1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25

 

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Edwin H Armstrong, US radio inventor (FM), commits suicide at 63

1955 – John R Mott, US theologist/founder (YMCA, Nobel 1946), dies at 89

1956 – A. A. Milne, English author (b. 1882)

1967 – Chief Thundercloud, actor (Ambush, Colt 45, Typhoon), dies at 100

 

 

 

1970 – Slim Harpo, [James Moore], bluesmandies at 46

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1973 – Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist (Nobel 1969), dies at 77

1974 – Glenn Morris, olympian/actor (Tarzan’s Revenge), dies at 61

1974 – Samuel Goldwyn, Polish/English/US film magnate (MGM), dies at 91

1990 – Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)

1994 – Pierre Boulle, French writer (Executioner), dies at 81

1996 – Gustave Solomon, mathematician, dies at 65

1997 – John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)

2000 – Gil Kane, Latvian-born comic book writer (b. 1926)

 

 

 

2002 – Francis GabreskiAmerican fighter pilot (b. 1919)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004 – Eleanor Holm, American swimmer (b. 1913)

2006 – Moira Shearer, Scottish actress (The Red Shoes) and ballerina (b. 1926)

2007 – Molly Ivins, American political columnist and author (b. 1944)

2007 – Adelaide Tambo, South African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)

2012 – Mike Kelley, American artist, commits suicide at 57

2012 – Anthony Bevilacqua, American cardinal, dies at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

1077 – Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV

1349 – Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king

1349 – Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred

1467 – Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hung king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici

1487 – Bell chimes invented

1522 – Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland

1544 – Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland

1661 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.

1774 – Capt Cook reaches 71°10′ south, 1820km from south pole (record)

1781 – Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland

1790 – Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor

1798 – Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument

1800 – US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)

1804 – Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River

1806 – Prussia takes possession of Hanover

1806 – The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened.

1815 – Burned Library of Congress reestablished with Jefferson’s 6500 vols

1826 – The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world’s first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.

1835 – Richard Lawrence misfires at Pres Andrew Jackson in Washington DC

1841 – A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.

 

 

 

1862 – US Navy’s 1st ironclad warship , USS Monitorlaunched

 

 

 

 

 

1889 – John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48″ (120cm) telescope

1889 – Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.

1892 – Capt Lugard occupies Uganda’s King Mwanga’s hide out

1894 – Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit

1894 – US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham

1895 – SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed

1911 – 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba

1913 – House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill

1915 – German submarine attack on Le Havre

 

 

 

1917 – 1st jazz record recorded (Dark Town Strutters Ball)

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – World Law Day, 1st celebrated

1928 – 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US

1931 – Charlie Chaplin’s “City Lights” premieres at Los Angeles Theater

1933 – “Lone Ranger” begins a 21-year run on ABC radio

1933 – Adolph Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen

1934 – 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC

1935 – Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of “Cantos”

1937 – 2nd of Stalin’s purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death

1939 – Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile

1939 – Hitler calls for extermination of European Jews

1940 – Benjamin Britten’s “Lesson Illuminations” premieres in London

1941 – Australian troops conquer Derna Libya

1942 – Japanese troops land on Ambon

1943 – 6 British Mosquito’s daylight bomb Berlin

1943 – German assault on French in Tunisia

1943 – German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth

1943 – Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to general-fieldmarshal

1943 – USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean

1944 – US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands

1944 – World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.

1945 – “Wilhelm Gustloff” torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 7,700 die

1946 – 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime

1948 – 5th Winter Olympic games open in St Moritz, Switzerland

1948 – Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse

1951 – Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio

1956 – Elvis Presley records his version of “Blue Suede Shoes”

1956 – Martin Luther King Jr’s home bombed

1957 – US Congress accepts “Eisenhower-doctrine”

1958 – 1st 2-way moving sidewalk in service, Dallas Tx

1958 – House of Lords passes bill allowing women in

1960 – CIA OKs Lockheed to produce a new U-2 aircraft (Oxcart)

1960 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss

1961 – Bobby Darin is youngest performer to headline a TV special on NBC

1962 – 2 members of Flying Wallendas’ high-wire act killed when their 7-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit

1964 – Military coup of Gen Nguyen Khanh in South Vietnam

1965 – “The Name Game” by Shirley Ellis hits #3

1965 – State funeral of Winston Churchill

1966 – -19°F (-28°C), Corinth, Mississippi (state record)

1966 – -27°F (-33°C), New Market, Alabama (state record)

1968 – Bobby Goldsboro records his biggest hit, “Honey”

 

 

 

1968 – Vietcong launch Tet-offensive on US embassy in Saigon

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Beatles perform their last gig together, a free concert

1969 – US/Canada ISIS 1 launched to study ionosphere

1971 – UCLA starts 88 basketball game win streak

1972 – Bloody Sunday: Brit soldiers shoot on catholics in Londonderry, 13 die

1973 – Jury finds Watergate defendants Liddy & McCord guilty on all counts

1973 – KISS plays their 1st show (Coventry Club in Queens NY)

1976 – George Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977)

1976 – William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA

1978 – Addie Joss & Larry MacPhail elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1979 – Varig 707-323C freighter, flown by the same commander as Flight 820, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.

1982 – Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called “Elk Cloner”.

1983 – Superbowl XVII: Wash Red Skins beat Miami Dolphins, 27-17 in Pasadena Superbowl MVP: John Riggins, Washington, RB

1989 – 5 Pharaoh sculptures from 1470 BC found at temple of Luxor

1989 – Joel Steinberg found guilty of 1st degree manslaughter of daughter

1989 – Olympian, Bruce Kimball, is sentenced to 17 years in prison for killing 2 teenagers in a drunk driving accident

1989 – The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.

1993 – 100,000n Europeans demonstrate against fascism & racism

1994 – Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (35.76)

1994 – Superbowl XXVIII: Dallas Cowboys beat Buffalo Bills, 30-13 in Atlanta Superbowl MVP: Emmitt Smith, Dallas, RB

1994 – Péter Lékó becomes the youngest chess grand master.

1995 – Car bomb explodes in Algiers, 42 killed/296 injured

1995 – Kevin Eubanks officially becomes band leader of “Tonight Show”

1995 – Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.

1996 – Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit.

1997 – Minuteman III launches

2000 – Super Bowl XXXIV: St. Louis Rams beat Tennessee Titans, 23-16 at the Georgia Dome Atlanta MVP: Kurt Warner, St. Louis, QB

 

 

Births

133 – Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)

1505 – Thomas Tallis, English composer (d. 1585)

1563 – Franciscus Gomarus, [Francois Gomaer], Dutch theologist/opera singer

 

 

 

1615 – Thomas RolfeAmerican colonial settler and only child of Pocahontas and John Rolfe (d. 1675)

 

 

 

 

 

1616 – William Sancroft, Archbishop (Canterbury)

1624 – Arnold Geulincx, South Netherland, philosopher (About Virtue)

1661 – Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)

1687 – [Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, baptized

1708 – Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist

1720 – Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)

1754 – John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (d. 1829)

1797 – Edwin Vose Sumner, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

1816 – Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1894

1822 – John Basil Turchin, [Ivan Turchinoff], Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1829 – Alfred Cummings, Georgia, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1910

1835 – Oliver Edwards, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1904

1841 – Alfred Townsend George, Civil War journalist, died in 1914

1844 – Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, German gen/gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17)

1846 – Francis H Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism)

1882 – Franklin Roosevelt, New Hyde Park NY, 32nd US President (1933-1945), (d. 1945)

1885 – John Henry Towers, aviator/naval hero

1899 – Max Theiler, English/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)

1900 – Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)

1909 – Saul David Alinsky, Chic Ill, radical writer (John L Lewis)

1911 – Alexander George Ogston, biochemist

1911 – Roy Eldridge, Pitts Pa, jazz trumpeter (Gene Krupa, Artie Shaw)

 

 

 

1912 – Barbara TuchmanUS, historian/author (PulitzerGuns of August)

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – Jadwiga Wajsowna-Marcinkiewicz, discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1932)

1914 – David Wayne, Traverse City Mich, actor (Andromeda Strain, Adams Rib)

1914 – John Ireland, Vancouver BC, actor (Rawhide, Gunfight at OK Corral)

1914 – Louis Osman, artist architect goldsmith medallist/craftsman

1915 – John D Profumo, England, politician (C)

1915 – Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976, by assassination)

1917 – Paul Frère, Belgian racing driver and motorsport journalist d. 2008)

1920 – Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)

1922 – Dick Martin, Detroit Mich, actor/comedian (Laugh-In, Carbon Copy)

1925 – Dorothy Malone, Chic, actress (At Gunpoint, Night & Day, Peyton Place)

1925 – Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist

1927 – Olof Palme, Stockholm, PM of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86) assassinated

1928 – Harold Prince, US producer/director (West Side Story, Evita)

1930 – Gene Hackman, San Bernardino California, actor (Bonnie & Clyde, Under Fire, Superman)

1930 – Samuel J. Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (d. 1974)

1931 – Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author

1932 – Kazuo Inamori, Japanese business executive (Kyocera Ceramics Co)

1933 – Louis Rukeyser, financial whiz (Wall Street Week)

1934 – Tammy Grimes, Lynn Mass, actress (Can’t Stop the Music)

1935 – Richard Brautigan, Tacoma Washington, novelist/poet (Trout Fishing in America)

1937 – Boris Spassky, USSR, world chess champion (1969-72)

1937 – Vanessa Redgrave, London, actress (Blow-Up, Julia, Orient Express)

1939 – Eleanor Smeal, feminist/pres (NOW)

1939 – Nick Gaselee, racehorse trainer

1941 – Dick Cheney, Lincoln, Nebraska, 46th US Vice President

1941 – Joe Terranoua, rocker (Danny & The Juniors)

 

 

 

1941 – Gregory BenfordAmerican Sci-Fi author and scientist

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Marty Balin, Cincinnati, singer (Jefferson Starship-Miracles)

1944 – John Thornton, English chocolate factory/multi-millionaire

1944 – Lynn Harrell, NYC, cellist

1947 – Steve Marriott, rock guitarist/vocalist (Humble Pie-Eat It, Faces)

1948 – Paul Magee, Provisional Irish Republican Army member

1949 – Peter Agre, American biologist, Nobel laureate

1951 – Charles S Dutton, Balt Md, actor (Alien 3, Crocodile Dundee 2, Roc)

1951 – Phil Collins, England, singer/drummer (Genesis-Against All Odds)

1955 – Curtis Strange, Norfolk VA, PGA golfer (1989 US Open)

1955 – Judith Tarr, US, sci-fi author (Isle of Glass, Ars Magica)

1955 – Michael Thompson, guitarist (Afterburn, Fresh, Sahara, Gridlock’d)

1956 – Keiichi Tsuchiya, Japanese racing driver

1957 – William Payne Stewart, Springfield MO, PGA golfer (1983 Walt Disney)

1958 – Brett Butler, Montgomery Ala, comedienne (Grace-Grace Under Fire)

1959 – Jody Watley, Chic, dancer (Solid Gold)/singer (Looking For a New Love)

1960 – Tony O’Dell, Pasadena California, actor (Alan Pinkard-Head of the Class)

1962 – King Abdullah II of Jordan

1962 – Mary Kay Letourneau, American convicted statutory rapist

1965 – Julie McCullough, Honolulu Hi, playmate (Feb 86)/actr (Growing Pains)

1966 – Daphne Ashbrook, Long Beach California, actress (Liz-Our Family Honor)

1967 – Bill Leverty, Richmond Va, guitarist (Firehouse-Love of a Lifetime)

1968 – Felipe de Borbon, Prince of Asturias, heir to Spanish throne

1969 – Carolyn Kepcher, American businesswoman and reality TV show star

1974 – Christian Bale, Wales, actor (Empire of the Sun, Little Women)

1974 – Jemima Khan, English socialite

1979 – Diva Zappa, daughter of Frank

1979 – Karen Smith, Australian field hockey midfielder/halfback (Olympics-96)

1980 – Leilani Dowding, British glamour model

1980 – Wilmer Valderrama, American actor

1981 – Mathias Lauda, Austrian racing driver

1985 – Aaadietya Pandey, Indian astrologer

1987 – Rebecca Knox, Irish professional wrestler

1990 – Jake Thomas, American actor

 

 

Deaths

1030 – William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)

1156 – Herman van Horn, bishop of Utrecht (1151/52-56), dies

1181 – Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)

1384 – Louis II of Flanders (b. 1330)

1393 – Aimery Poitiers, French nobleman, burned at royal ball

1393 – Yvain, son of earl of Foix, burned at royal ball

1584 – Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum, mister of Nienoord, dies in battle

1649 – Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason

1836 – Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag (b. 1752)

1838 – Osceola, chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail

1858 – Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)

1888 – Asa Gray, US botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77

1928 – Douglas Haig, Brit fieldmarshal (Sudan/Boer war/WW I), dies at 66

1928 – Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)

1934 – Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1862)

1947 – Frederick F Blackman, English botanist, dies at 80

1948 – Mahatma Gandhi, India’s political and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi

1948 – Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76

1951 – Ferdinand Porsche, German car inventor (Porsche), dies at 75

1953 – Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68

1958 – Earnest H Heinkel, German airplane builder (WW II), dies at 70

1969 – Allan Welsh Dulles, US diplomat/director (CIA 1953-61), dies at 75

1969 – Dominique G Pire, clergyman, (Europe village Nobel 1958), dies at 58

 

 

 

1976 – Jesse “Lone Cat” FullerSF Blues Greatdies at 80

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1976 – Mance Lipscombbluesmanguitaristdies at 80

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1980 – Professor Longhairking of New Orleans musicdies at 61

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1982 – Lightnin’ HopkinsAmerican bluesman dies of cancer at 69(b. 1912)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1983 – [Dallas] Mack/McCord Reynolds, sci-fi author (Earth War), dies at 65

1991 – John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1908)

1991 – Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907)

1993 – Taikichiro Mori, Japanese real estate developer, dies at 88

1994 – Byron “Wild Child” Gipson, blues Singer, dies at 64

1994 – Ernestine “Tiny” Davis, jazz vocalist/trumpeter, dies at 86

1995 – George Richard James, saxophonist, dies at 88

1995 – Gerald M Durrell, British zoologist/author (Mockery Bird), dies at 70

1998 – Ricky Sanderson, stabbed 16-year old girl in NC, executed at 38

1999 – Huntz Hall, American actor (b. 1919)

2001 – Jean-Pierre Aumont, French actor (b. 1911)

 

 

 

2001 – Johnnie JohnsonBritish fighter pilot (b. 1915)

 

 

 

 

 

2001 – Joseph Ransohoff, the father of modern neurosurgery (b. 1915)

2006 – Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1927)

2007 – Sidney Sheldon, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1917)

2009 – Ingemar Johansson, Swedish heavyweight professional boxing champion of the world (b. 1932)

2011 – John Barry, English film score composer (b. 1933)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

904 – Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.

1523 – Sermon of Constanz: Zwingli defends 67 Schlussreden

1574 – Sea battle of Reimerswaal – Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet

1587 – Deventer & Zutphen surrender to Spain

1595 – William Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet is probably first performed.

1613 – Galileo observes Neptune but fails to recognize what he sees

1676 – Feodor III succeeds his father and becomes Tsar of Russia.

1802 – John Beckley of Virginia appointed 1st Librarian of Congress

1834 – Pres Jackson orders 1st use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute

1845 – Edgar Allen Poe’s “Raven” 1st published (NYC)

1850 – Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

 

 

 

1856 – Victoria Cross established to acknowledge bravery

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Kansas becomes 34th state

1863 – Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs indians

1879 – Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established

1886 – 1st successful gasoline-driven car patented, Karl Benz, Karlsruhe

1895 – King Koko’s Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100’s killed

1896 – Emile Grubbe is 1st dr to use radiation treatment for breast cancer

 

 

 

1900 – Boers under Joubert beat English at Spionkop Natal2,000 killed

 

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA

1916 – 1st bombings of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place

1917 – English submarine K13 leaves Gaire Loch

1920 – Walt Disney starts 1st job as an artist; $40 week with KC Slide Co

1923 – 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)

1924 – Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland

1925 – British Liberals choose David Lloyd George as party leader

1936 – 1st players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame-Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson

1943 – New Zealand’s Kiwi cruiser collides with Jap sub I-1 at Guadalcanal

1944 – 285 German bombers attack London

 

 

 

1944 – USS Missouri the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy is launched.

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – World War IIThe Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

1944 – World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.

1951 – Liz Taylor’s 1st divorce (Conrad Hilton Jr)

1953 – 1st movie in Cinemascope (The Robe) premieres

1958 – Murderer, Charles Starkweather, captured by police in Wyoming

1959 – Walt Disney’s “Sleeping Beauty” released

1963 – Jim Thorpe, Red Grange & George Halas elected to football hall of fame

1964 – 9th Winter Olympic games open in Innsbruck, Austria

1964 – Stanley Kubrick’s”Dr Strangelove,” premieres

1964 – Unmanned Apollo 1 Saturn launcher test attains Earth orbit
w storm in north east US kills 165

1966 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1967 – Branch Rickey & Lloyd Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1969 – Jimi Hendrix & Peter Townshend wage a battle of guitars

1975 – 1st Annual Comedy Awards of the Year hosted by Alan King

1976 – Zeiss planetarium in Hague destroyed by fire

1979 – Brenda Spencer kills 2, inspires Boomtown Rats “I Don’t Like Mondays”

1979 – Chinese vice-premier Deng Xiaoping visits Washington, DC

1979 – Emerson, Lake & Palmer disband after 10 years together

1979 – Pres Carter commuted Patricia Hearst’s 7 year sentence to 2 years

 

 

 

1980 – 6 Iranian held US hostages escape with help of Canadians

 

 


 

 

 

 

1982 – Wayne Garland, baseball 1st millionaire free agent, waived by Indians

1983 – “Down Under” by Men At Work hit #1 on UK pop chart

1984 – Pres Reagan formally announces he will seek a 2nd term

1984 – Space Shuttle 41-B (STS-11) Challenger launched

1986 – 193.8 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

1987 – William J Casey, ends term as 13th director of CIA

1988 – United Airlines Boeing 747SP, circles world in 36h54m15s

1989 – Cleveland’s Chris Dudley misses 5 free throws during 1 foul attempt

1989 – Dow jumps 38.06 recoups 508-pt loss since Oct 1987; index at 2,256.43

1989 – USSR’s Phobos II enters Martian orbit

1989 – Game-winning RBI, official statistic dropped after 9 years of use NY Mets Keith Hernandez is the all-time leader with 129

1990 – Exxon Valdez capt Joseph Hazelwood goes on trial due to oil spill

1991 – Nelson Mandela & Mangosuthu Buthelezi meet after 28 years

1996 – 6,138th performance of “Cats” is held in London, surpassing record of Broadway’s longest-running musical, “A Chorus Line”

1998 – Soyuz TM-27 launches to MIR

1998 – Thick Fog causes highway carnage in Belgium & Netherlands, 6 die

1998 – Woman’s Clinic in Birmingham Ala bombed, 1 killed

2002 – In his State of the Union Address, United States President George W. Bush describes “regimes that sponsor terror” as an Axis of Evil, in which he includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea.

2005 – The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing.

 

 

 

Births

1584 – Frederik Hendrik, count of Nassau/Prince of Orange

1632 – Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)

1688 – Emmanuel Swedenborg, Sweden, religious leader (Angelic Wisdom)

1700 – Daniel Bernoulli, Basel Switz, mathematician (10 time French award)

1715 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian (court) composer/pianist

 

 

 

1717 – Jeffrey AmherstEnglish gov-gen of America/field marshal

 

 

 

 

 

1737 – Thomas Painepolitical essayist (Common SenseAge of Reason)

 

 

 

 

 

1756 – Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee IIICongressmanGovernor of Virginia and American General

 

 

 

 

 

1761 – Abraham AA “Albert” Gallatin, Switz, US minister of Finance (1801-14)

1803 – James Outram, Bulterley Hall Derbyshire, general

1810 – Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician

1821 – Isaac Ferdinand Quinby, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891

1823 – Franklin Gardner, Major General (Confederate Army)

1836 – Benjamin Franklin Potts, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1887

1836 – James Meech Warner, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897

 

 

 

1843 – William McKinleyNiles Ohio25th US President (1897-1901), (d. 1901)

 

 

 

 

 

1846 – Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)

1850 – Lawrence Hargrave, inventor (box kite)

1860 – Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, Tagarov Russia, playwright (Cherry Orchard)

1866 – Romain Rolland, France, writer (Jean-Christophe) (Nobel 1915)

1867 – Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spain, writer (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse)

1873 – Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italy, explorer/climber (Mt St Elias)

1874 – John David Rockefeller Jr, Cleveland Ohio, philanthropist

1877 – Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)

 

 

 

1880 – W C Fields, [William Claude Dukenfield], Philaactor (Bank Dick)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1891 – R Norris Williams, American tennis champ (US Open-1914) and survivor of the RMS Titanic sinking (d. 1968)

1892 – Clifford Gray, US, bobsled (Olympic-gold-1928)

1901 – Allen B DuMont, inventor (perfected coml practical cathode ray tube)

1903 – Cornelis H Edelman, Dutch geologist

1906 – Franciscus Hin, Holland, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1920)

1910 – Colin Middleton, Irish artist (d. 1983)

1911 – George Burns, British major-general

1911 – Peter von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1986)

1912 – “Professor” Irwin Corey, Brooklyn NY, comedian (Car Wash, Doc)

1913 – Victor Mature, Louisville KY, actor (1 Million BC, Samson & Delilah) (d. 1999)

1915 – Halfdan Rasmussen, Danish poet/WWII resistance fighter (Skoven)

1917 – John Raitt, Santa Ana California, actor/singer (Chevy Show, Pajama Game)

1918 – John Forsythe, NJ, actor (Bachelor Father, Charlie’s Angels, Dynasty)

1922 – Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)

1923 – Paddy Chayevsky, [Sydney], US, dramatist (Marty, Hospital) (d. 1981)

1924 – Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot

1925 – Anthony George, Endicott NY, actor (Untouchables, Checkmate)

1926 – Abdus Salam, theoretical physicist

1927 – Edward Abbey, US author (Desert Solitaire)

1929 – William McMillan, US, rapid pistol (Olympic-gold-1960) [or Jul 3]

1936 – James Jamerson, American bass guitarist for Motown Records (d. 1983)

1937 – Bobby Scott, jazz singer

1938 – Bill Christian, US, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)

1939 – Germaine Greer, Melbourne Australia, feminist/author (Female Eunich)

1940 – Kunimitsu Takahashi, Japanese motorcycle racer and racing driver

1942 – Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, Cuba, cosmonaut (Soyuz 38)

1942 – Claudine Longet, France, former Mrs Andy Williams/singer

1942 – Katharine Ross, Hollywood Cal, actress (Graduate, Francesca-Colbys)

1944 – Barbara Moore, Wardell Mo, actress (Lisa Rogers-Man From UNCLE)

1945 – Tom Selleck, Detroit Mich, actor (Lance-Rockford Files, Magnum PI)

1947 – David Byron, vocalist (Uriah Heep)

1947 – Linda B. Buck, American scientist, Nobel laureate

1948 – Bill Kirchen, singer/guitarist (Commander Cody & Lost Planet Airmen)

1948 – Felice Taylor, R&B singer (I Feel Love Comin’ On)

1948 – Marc Singer, Vancouver Canada, actor (V, Dallas)

1950 – Ann Jillian, Cambridge Mass, actress (Mr Mom, Jennifer Slept Here)

1950 – Jody Schecter, South African auto maker (World Driver’s 1979)

1952 – Tommy Ramone, [Erdelyi], Budapest, Hungary, rock drummer/bassist (Ramones)

1954 – Oprah Winfrey, Mississippi, actress/TV host (Color Purple, Oprah)

1955 – John Tate, US, heavyweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1968)

1957 – Irlene Mandrell, Corpus Christi Tx, country singer (Mandrell Sisters)

1957 – Jac Bico, Dutch guitarist/singer (Tambourine)

1958 – Judy Norton-Taylor, Santa Monica California, actress (Mary Ellen-Waltons)

1959 – Paul McGann, actor (Dr Who)

1960 – Eddie Jackson, bassist (Queensryche-Breaking the Silence)

1960 – Gregory Efthimos Louganis, San Diego Ca, diver (Olympic-gold-1984, 88)

1960 – Steve Sax, 2nd baseman (LA Dodgers, NY Yankees, Chic White Sox)

1960 – Gia Carangi, American model (d. 1986)

1962 – Nicholas Turturro, Queens NY, actor (James Martinez-NYPD Blue)

1964 – Andre Reed, NFL wide receiver (Buffalo Bills)

1964 – Roddy Frame, rock vocalist/guitarist (Aztec Camera-Stray)

1968 – Ed Burns, director/actor (Brothers McMullen)

1968 – Susi Erdmann, German bobsledder and luger

1969 – Karen Fonteyne, Calgary Alberta, synchro swimmer (Olympics-silver-96)

1970 – Heather Graham, Milwaukee WI, actress (Drugstore Cowboy, Diggstown)

1970 – Scott Davis, guard (Atlanta Falcons)

1970 – Jörg Hoffmann, German swimmer

1972 – Scott Davis, Great Falls Mont, figure skater (Olympics-1994)

1974 – Kris Burley, Truro Nova Scotia, gymnist (Olympics-96)

1975 – Lorraine Magwenzi, Miss Zimbabwe Universe (1997)

1975 – Sara Gilbert, Santa Monica California, actress (Melissa-Roseanne)

1976 – Ilmira Shamsutdinova, Miss Universe-Russia/best costume (1996)

1978 – Martin Schmitt, German ski jumper

1980 – Yael Bar-Zohar, Israeli actress and model

1985 – Isabel Lucas, Australian actress

1986 – Drew Tyler Bell, American actor

1987 – Spencer Clark, American race car driver (d. 2006)

1987 – Matthew Wilson, English world rally driver

 

 

 

Deaths

969 – Peter, tsar of Bulgaria (927-69), dies

1240 – Pelagio Galvani, Cardinal-Bishop of Albano (b. va. 1165)

1342 – Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1279)

1559 – Thomas Pope, English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52

1597 – Elias Ammerbach, German organist (b. 1530)

1676 – Tsar Alexis I of Russia (b. 1629)

1737 – George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)

 

 

 

 

1820 – King George III of the United Kingdom (b. 1738). Reigned 1760-1820

 

 

 

 

 

1837 – Aleksandr Pushkin, poet/novelist (Golden Cockeral), killed in a duel

1899 – Alfred Sisley, painter, dies

1899 – Robert J Fruin, Dutch historian (80-year war), dies at 75

1928 – Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig/field marshal (WW I), dies at 66

1933 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (b. 1884)

1934 – Fritz Haber, German chemist (Nobel 1918), dies at 65

1941 – Ioannis Metaxas, Greek gen/dictator (1936-41), commits suicide at 69

1944 – William Allen White, US journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75

1946 – Harry L Hopkins, US min of Business (Loan & Lease law), dies at 55

1956 – H[enry] L[ouis] Mencken, US essayist/critic (Smart Set), dies at 75

1962 – Fritz Kreisler, Austria/US violinist/composer, dies at 86

1963 – Robert Lee Frost, US poet (New Hampshire, 4 Pulitzers), dies at 88

1964 – Alan Ladd, actor (Shane), dies at 50 in Palm Springs Calif

 

 

 

1970 – Basil H Liddell HartEnglish military historiandies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Ludwig Stossel, Austrian actor (Man With a Camera), dies at 89

1977 – Freddie Prinze, comedian/actor (Chico & the Man), shoots himself at 22

1980 – Jimmy Durante, comedian (Palooka, Jimmy Durante Show), dies at 86

1981 – Cozy Cole, rocker (Topsy Part II), dies

1988 – Bantcho Bantchevsky, US opera singer, commits suicide

 

 

 

1992 – Willie Dixonbluesmansinger,songwriter (I’m a ManBackdoor Man), dies at 76

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1993 – Hank Werba, [Herman Werblowski], US journalist (Variety), dies at 79

1994 – Nick Cravat, midget (Gremlin-Twilight Zone), dies of lung cancer at 81

1994 – Ulrike Maier, olympic skier, breaks neck during world cup skiing at 26

1995 – Raymond Joseph Cecil, British architect, dies at 69

1995 – Richard Burnell, British rower (Olympics-gold-1948), dies at 77

1995 – Richard Desborough Burnell, oarsman, dies at 77

1996 – John Terence Reese, bridge master, dies at 82

1997 – Eric Schneider, murderer of 2 teachers, executed in MO at 35

1999 – Lili St. Cyr, American dancer (b. 1918)

2002 – Dick “Night Train” Lane, American football player (b. 1928)

2005 – Eric Griffiths, Welsh guitarist (The Quarrymen) (b. 1940)

 

 

 

2007 – BarbaroAmerican thoroughbred racehorse (b. 2003)

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim, Iraqi extremist leader (b. 1970)

2008 – Raymond Jacobs, American soldier (b. 1925)

2009 – Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (b. 1913)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1077 – German King Henry IV is absolved by Holy Roman Emperor Pope Gregory VII after his penitent Walk to Canossa.

1099 – 1st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria

1262 – Flemish/Dutch coast ravaged by north western storm

1393 – Fire during Royal Ball at Paris, 4 die (Ball of the Ardents)

1495 – Pope gives his son Cesare Borgia as hostage to Charles VIII of France

1547 – 9-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as king of England

1561 – By Edict of Orleans persecution of French Huguenots is suspended

1613 – Galileo may have unknowingly viewed undiscovered planet Neptune

1624 – Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.

1754 – Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity

1760 – Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants.

1807 – London’s Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight

1813 – Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.

1814 – Stendahl’s 1st book is published

1820 – Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovered the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.

1821 – Bellingshausen discovers Alexander Island off Antarctica

1846 – Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)

1851 – Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered

1855 – The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.

1860 – Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua

1864 – Battle of New Bern, NC

1871 – Paris surrenders to Prussians

1878 – 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)

1878 – George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator

1878 – Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper

 

 

 

1881 – Battle at Laing’s Neck NatalBoers beat superior powered British

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world’s largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.

1899 – American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress

1902 – Carnegie Institute founded in Wash DC

1909 – US milt forces leave Cuba for 2nd time

1911 – Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo

1914 – 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)

1914 – Beverly Hills, Ca, is incorporated

1915 – 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)

1915 – US Coast Guard created from Life Saving & Revenue Cutter services

1915 – US Pres Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates

1916 – 1st Jewish Supreme Court justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson

1917 – Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.

1918 – Strike on Berlin ammunition’s factory

 

 

 

1918 – Finnish Civil WarRebels seized control of the capitalHelsinkiand members of the Senate of Finland go underground.

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.’s biggest snowfall, causes the city’s greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses.

1923 – 1st “Reichs Party” (NSDAP) forms in Munich

1925 – -46°F (-43°C), Pittsburgh, New Hampshire (state record)

1932 – 1st US state unemployment insurance act enacted (Wisconsin)

1932 – Japan occupies Shanghai

1932 – Japanese forces attack Shanghai.

1934 – 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock Vermont)

1935 – Iceland becomes 1st country to legalize abortion

1941 – French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.

1942 – General Timoshenko’s troops move into Ukraine

1942 – German troops occupy Benghazi Libya

1944 – 683 British bombers attack Berlin

1944 – U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland

1945 – Gen “Vinegar Joe” Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China

1945 – Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands

1950 – Preston Tucker, auto maker, found not guilty of mail fraud

1953 – J Fred Muggs (the chimp) joins NBC’s “Today Show”

1956 – Elvis Presley’s 1st TV appearance (Dorsey Bros Stage Show)

1958 – Construction began on 1st private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor

1958 – Dodger catcher Roy Campanella is paralyzed in an automobile wreck

 

 

 

1958 – The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricksstill compatible with bricks produced today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – 1st photograph bounced off Moon, Washington DC

1960 – Goon Show’s final episode on BBC

1960 – NFL announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises

1962 – Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives

1963 – -34°F (-37°C), Cynthiana, Kentucky (state record)

1965 – The Who make their 1st appearance on British TV

1967 – Rolling Stones release “Let’s Spend the Night Together”

1969 – Barbara Jo Rubin becomes 1st woman jockey to win in North America

1972 – Oral Roberts’ Eddie Woods grabs 30 rebounds for 2nd consecutive game

1978 – “Fantasy Island” starring Ricardo Montalban premieres on ABC TV

1978 – Ted Nugent autographs a fan’s arm with his knife

1979 – “Wiz” closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 1672 performances

1980 – USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.

1981 – William J Casey becomes 13th director of CIA (until 1987)

1981 – Olympic Glory tanker at Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 1 million gallons of oil in a ship collision

1982 – US Gen Dozier freed from Red Brigade of Padua Italy

1984 – Record 295,000 dominoes toppled, Fuerth, West Germany

1985 – Charity single “We Are the World” is recorded by supergroup USA for Africa (Michael Jackson, Lionel Richie and other pop stars)

 

 

 

p1986 – 25th Space Shuttle -Challengerexplodes 73 sec after liftoff

 

 

 

 

 

1986 – Angolan Unity Leader Jonas Savimbi visits Washington, DC

1988 – Canada’s Supreme court declares anti-abortion law unconstitutional

1989 – 63rd Australian Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Helena Sukova (64 64)

1990 – Superbowl XXIV: SF 49ers beat Denver Broncos, 55-10 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Joe Montana, San Francisco, QB

1991 – Dictator Siad Barre flees Somalia ending 22 year rule

1994 – Helicopter crashes into office building in San Jose California, 1 dead

1994 – Inna Lassovskaja jumps ladies world record (14.78m)

1995 – 69th Australian Women’s Tennis Open: Mary Pierce beats Vicario (63 62)

1995 – 83rd Australian Mens Tennis: Andre Agassi beats Sampras (46 61 76 64)

1998 – Michelangelo, “Christ & the Woman of Samaria,” sold for $7.4 million

2010 – Five murderers of President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman of Bangladesh: Lieutenant Colonel Syed Faruq Rahman, Lieutenant Colonel Sultan Shahriar Rashid Khan, Major AKM Mohiuddin Ahmed, Major Bazlul Huda and Lieutenant Colonel Mohiuddin Ahmed were hanged.

2011 – Hundreds of thousands of protesters fill the Egyptian’s streets against the Mubarak regime in demonstrations referred to as the “Friday of Anger”

2012 – Death toll from coordinated bombing attacks in Kano, Nigeria, reaches 185

 

 

 

Births

1225 – Saint Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274)

 

 

 

 

1312 – Queen Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)

1457 – Henry VII, Pembroke Castle, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509)

1540 – Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)

1582 – John Barclay, Scottish satirist/poet (Euphormio’s Satyricon)

1608 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Naples, mathematician/astronomer

1611 – Johannes Hevelius, Danzig, astronomer (star cataloger)

1622 – Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)

1701 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)

1702 – Hermanus Noordkerk, Dutch lawyer

1706 – John Baskerville, English printer (typeface inventor)

1712 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)

1714 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Pigeon)

1719 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)

1815 – Andrew Jackson Hamilton, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1875

1818 – George Sewall Boutwell, MC (Union), died in 1905

 

 

 

1825 – George Edward PickettMajor General (Confederate Army), died in 1875

 

 

 

 

 

1828 – Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1868

1831 – Henry Brevard Davidson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1833 – Charles George Gordon, London, general (China, Khartoum)

1841 – Henry Stanley, Engld, journalist/explorer (found Livingstone in Africa)

1853 – Jose Martí y Perez, Cuba, poet/essayist/politician

1855 – William Seward Burroughs, NY, inventor (recording adding machine)

1864 – Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer – inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)

1865 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)

1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)

1880 – Mary Boland, Phila, US, comedienne/actress (Ruggles of Red Gap)

1884 – Auguste Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist), twin brother of Jean Felix Piccard

1884 – Jean Felix Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist) twin brother of Auguste Piccard

1884 – Lucien H d’Azambuja, France, astronomer (chromosome of sun)

1886 – Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)

1887 – Artur Rubinstein, Lodz Poland, pianist

1890 – Robert Stroud, American convict, the Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)

1891 – Bill Doak, American baseball player (d. 1954)

1892 – Ernst Lubitsch, Germany, actor, producer and film director (Love Parade)

1899 – Zilner T Randolph, jazz trumpeter/arranger

1900 – Anni Holdmann, Germany, 100m runner (Olympic-1928)

1909 – Lionel KP “Buster” Crabb, British diver (WW II-George Medal)

 

 

 

1910 – John BannerVienna Austriaactor (Sgt Hans Schultz-Hogan’s Heroes)

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – Jackson Pollock, Cody Wyoming, expressionist painter (Lavender Mist)

 

 

 

1918 – Vito ScottiSF Californiaactor (Flying NunBarefoot in the Park)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – Robert W Holley, US, biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel ’68)

1927 – Ronnie Scott, jazz musician/club-owner

1928 – Martin Sinnatt, Major-General/secretary (Kennel Club)

1929 – Claes Oldenburg, Stockholm Sweden, US pop artist (Alphabet/Good Humor)

1932 – David Thompson, CEO (Gestetner Holdings)

1936 – Alan Alda, [Alphonso D'Abruzzo], NYC, actor (Hawkeye Pierce-M*A*S*H)

1939 – John M Fabian, Goosecreek Tx, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 7, STS 51G)

1940 – Carlos Slim Helú, Mexican businessman

1943 – Dick Taylor, rock vocalist (Pretty Thing-Cry on Me)

1943 – Susan Howard, Marshall Tx, actress (Donna-Dallas, Petrocelli)

1944 – Brian Keenan, NYC, rock drummer (Chamber Bros-Time Has Come Today)

1944 – Martin Fried, rocker (Cyrkle-Red Rubber Ball)

1946 – Rick Allen, Ark, rock bassist (Box Tops-Letter)

1947 – MJ Ainsworth, CEO (Institute of Chartered Secretaries)

1948 – Mamoru Mohri, Yoichi-machi Hokkaido Japan, astronaut (STS 47)

1948 – Charles Taylor, President of Liberia

1950 – Barbi Benton, [Klein], California, Playboy model (Hee Haw, Sugar Time!)

1951 – Leonid Konstantinovich Kadenyuk, Kkishkov Ukraine, astronaut (STS 87)

1954 – Shawn Murray, rock drummer (Mink Deville)

1954 – Rick Warren, American pastor and author

1955 – Nicolas Sarkozy, Paris, President of France (2007-)

1957 – Nick Price, Durban South Africa, PGA golfer (1991 Byron Nelson Classic)

1957 – Frank Skinner English comedian

1959 – Dave Sharp, rock guitarist (Alarm-In the Summertime)

1959 – Randi Rhodes, Nova M Radio personality

1963 – Danny Spitz, heavy metal guitarist (Anthrax-Protest & Survive)

1968 – Sarah McLachlan, folk singer (Fumbling Towards Ecstasy)

1968 – DJ Muggs, American musician (Cypress Hill)

1968 – Rakim, born William Michael Griffin Jr., American rapper

1969 – Giorgio Lamberti, Italian free style swimmer (world record 200m)

1969 – Mo Rocca, American writer and comedian

1970 – Donald Tardy, US, death metal drummer (Obituary, Cause of Death)

1973 – Bronwyn Thompson, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1973 – Robert Braknis, Montreal Quebec, 100m backstroke/4 x 100 (Olympics-96)

1975 – Anne Montminy, Montreal Quebec, 10m diver (Olympics-17-92, 96)

1975 – Julian Dean, Waihi NZ, team pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96)

1977 – Matt DeVries, American guitarist (Chimaira)

1977 – Takuma Sato, Japanese Formula One driver

1977 – Joey Fatone, American singer (*NSYNC)

1978 – Helga Bauer Salas, Miss Bolivia Universe (1997)

1979 – Ali Boulala, Swedish skateboarder

1980 – Nick Carter, singer (Backstreet Boys)

1981 – Elijah Wood, Cedar Rapids Iowa, actor (Radio Flyer, Good Son)

 

 

 

Deaths

814 – CharlemagneGerman emperor/Roman Emperor (800-814), dies at 71

 

 

 

 

 

1061 – Duke Spytihněv II of Bohemia (b. 1031)

1119 – Gelasius II, [Giovannis Caetani], pope (1118-19), dies

1256 – Willem II, earl of Holland/German emperor (1238, 47-56), dies at 22

1271 – Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III of France (b. 1247)

1393 – Earl of Joigny, burned at royal ball in Paris

1443 – Robert le Maçon, Chancellor of France

1547 – Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47), dies at 55

 

 

 

1595 – Francis DrakeEnglish pirateAdmiral and Governor of Newfoundland (Porto Bello West Indies), dies at 50

 

 

 

 

 

1612 – Thomas Bodley, diplomat/founder (Bodleian Library), dies

1687 – Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (star cataloger), dies on 76th birthday

1697 – John Fenwick, English conspirator

1782 – Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d’Anville, French geographer, dies at 84

1810 – Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead

1829 – William Burke, murderer/body snatcher, executed in Edinburgh

1832 – Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)

1864 – Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)

1895 – Francois Certain de Canrobert, French marshal, dies at 85

1912 – Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)

1915 – Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (b. 1846)

1937 – Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (b. 1862)

1938 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver, dies at 28

1939 – William Butler Yeats, Irish poet (Nobel), dies in France at 73

1950 – Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (b. 1883)

1953 – Derek Bentley (b. 1933) (executed)

1960 – Zora Neale Hurston, American author (b. 1891)

1963 – Jean Felix Piccard, swiss explorer, dies on his 79th birthday

1963 – Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (b. 1884)

1965 – Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)

1973 – John Banner, actor (Schultz-Hogan’s Heroes), dies on 62nd birthday

 

 

1986 – Christa McAuliffe, Concord NH ,teacher, dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

1986 – Ellison S Onizuka, Hawaii, Mjr USAF/astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 – Francis R Scobee, Wash, USAF/astronaut, dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

 

1986 – Judith Arlene Resnik, Akron Oh, astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 – Michael J Smith, Beaufort NC, Cmdr USN, astr, dies in Challenger

 

 


 

 

1986 – Ronald E McNair, Lake City SC, astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 – Greg Jarvis ,Detroit MI, astr,  dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

1988 – Klaus Fuchs, German physicist (b. 1911)

1992 – Nahman Avigad, Isr archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), dies at 86

1994 – Hal Smith, actor (Otis Campbell-Andy Griffith Show), dies at 77

1994 – William Levitt, builder (Levittown), dies of kidney failure at 86

1996 – Burne Hogarth, strip-cartoon artist, dies at 84

1996 – Dan Duva, boxing promoter, dies at 44

1996 – Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman), dies at 81

1996 – John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur, dies at 81

2002 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author (b. 1907)

2004 – Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy officer (b. 1927)

2005 – Jim Capaldi, English singer and songwriter (b. 1944)

2007 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss professional road racing cyclist (b. 1929)

2007 – Emma Tillman, the world’s oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

66 – 5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1340 – English king Edward III proclaimed king of France

1531 – Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die

1564 – The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

1697 – Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli’s 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night

1784 – Ben Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America’s symbol

1788 – Captain Arthur Phillip and british colonists hoist the English flag on Botany Bay, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day

1802 – Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library

 

 

 

1808 – Rum Rebellionthe only successful (albeit short-livedarmed takeover of the government in Australia.

 

 

 

 

 

1837 – Michigan admitted as 26th US state

1838 – Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States

1841 – Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain

1850 – 1st German-language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

1861 – Louisiana becomes 6th state to secede

1862 – Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive McClellan ignores order

1863 – American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)

1870 – Virginia rejoins US

1871 – US income tax repealed

1875 – Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green

1885 – Muhammad Ahmed (“Mahdi”) rebels conquer Khartoum

1886 – Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor

1887 – Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians

1897 – Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe’s army

 

 

 

1905 – World’s largest diamondthe 3,106-carat Cullinanis found

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – 1st federal corrupt election practices law passed

 

 

 

1907 – The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Serviceand remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.

 

 

 

 

 

1911 – Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego

1913 – Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for being a pro

1914 – Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck’s works in their index

1920 – Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

1922 – Ralph Vaughan Williams’ “Pastoral Symphony,” premieres in London

1924 – Charles Jewtraw, US 500m skater, takes 1st Winter Olympics gold medal

1929 – Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India’s independence

1932 – British submarine M-2 sinks in Channel (60 dead)

1934 – Nazi Germany & Poland sign non-attack treaty for 10 years

1934 – The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.

1939 – Federal Hall National Monument established

1939 – Filming begins on “Gone With the Wind”

1948 – Executive Order 9981, end segregation in US Armed Forces signed

1956 – 7th Winter Olympic games open in Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy

1956 – Buddy Holly’s 1st formal recording session

1956 – Hank Greenberg & Joe Cronin are elected to Hall of Fame

1958 – H Laskow replaces Moshe Dayan on as Israeli minister of Defense

1958 – Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.

1960 – Pete Rozelle elected NFL commissioner on 23rd ballot

1961 – “Are You Lonesome Tonight?” by Elvis Presley peaks to #1

1963 – Major League Rules Committee votes to expand strike zone

1965 – South Vietnam milt coup under general Nguyen Khanh

1966 – The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.

1967 – Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snow fall causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned

1968 – Israeli submarine Dakar crashes in Mediterranean Sea, 69 die

1971 – Charles Manson convicted of murder

1984 – US navy exhibits Piasecki helistat-4 helicopters & a blimp able to lift 26 tons-Lakehurst, NJ

1986 – Yoweri Museveni’s rebel army conquerors Kampala Uganda

1988 – Australia’s 200th anniversary-parade of tall ships in Sydney Harbor

1989 – AT&T reports 1st loss in 103 years; $1.67 B in 1988

1989 – US computer security expert warns of catastrophic virus

1991 – Jan Stenerud becomes 1st pure placekicker to make NFL Hall of Fame

1991 – NY Lotto pays $90 million to nine winner (#s are 5-15-30-35-46-50)

1992 – Americans with Disabilities Act went into effect

1998 – Intel launches 333 MHz Pentium II chip

1998 – Pres Clinton says “I want to say one thing to the American people I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky”

2001 – An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.

2004 – President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.

 

 

 

2004 – A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, TaiwanA build-up of gas in the decomposing Sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, becoming the first African American woman to hold the post.

2005 – Glendale train crash: Two trains derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.

2006 – Western Union discontinues use of its telegram service.

 

 

Births

1497 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)

1541 – Florent Chrestien, French writer (d. 1596)

1667 – Henricus Zwaardecroon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies

1714 – Jean B Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Bird Cage)

1715 – Claude Helvetius, Paris France, philosopher

1722 – Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (d. 1805)

1813 – Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876

 

 

 

1814 – Rufus KingBrigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1876

 

 

 

 

 

 

1816 – Lloyd Tilghman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863

1819 – Abner Doubleday, Union general-major/inventor (baseball) [or Jun 26]

1826 – Julia Dent Grant, 1st lady (1862-76)

1831 – Mary Mapes Dodge, NYC, writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates)

1832 – George Shiras Jr., U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1924)

1852 – Pierre Brazza, explorer/colonial administrator (French Africa)

 

 

 

1880 – Douglas MacArthurLittle Rock Arkgeneral (WW II),(d. 1964)

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – Enrique E Ecker, Curacao, bacteriologist

1887 – Marc A “Pete” Mitscher, US lt-admiral (WW II-Task Force 58)

1891 – Frank Costello, Italian-born gangster (d. 1973)

1893 – Bessie Coleman, 1st black airplane pilot

1902 – Laurence “Bill” Craigie, jet pioneer

1904 – Sean MacBride, Dublin, statesman/Amnesty Intl co-founder (Nobel ’74)

1904 – Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)

1905 – Charles Lane, SF California, actor (Homer-Petticoat Junction, Lucy Show), (d. 2007)

1905 – Maria Augusta von Trapp, Austria, singer, inspired “Sound of Music”

1905 – Marquess of Bath, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1908 – Stephane Grappelli, French jazz/violinist

1911 – Polykarp Kusch, US, nuclear physicist: Nobel 1955

1912 – Cora Baird, NYC, puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie)

1913 – Jimmy Van Heusen, songwriter (Love & Marriage)

1918 – Nicolae Ceausescu, Romanian president (1967-90)

1921 – Akio Morita, Kasugaya Japan, CEO (Sony)

1924 – Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician (d. 1998)

1925 – Desmond Cassidi, British admiral

1925 – Paul Newman, Cleve, racer/popcorn mogul/actor (Hud, Hombre, Hustler)

1927 – William Redfield, NYC, actor (Jimmy Hughes Rookie Cop, Marriage)

1928 – Eartha Kitt, SC, singer/actress (Catwoman-Batman)

1928 – Philip Jose Farmer, Indiana, science fiction novelist (Riverworld)

1928 – Roger Vadim, France, director (And God Created Women, Barbarella)

1929 – Jules Feiffer, NYC, cartoonist (Passionella)/author (Little Murders)

1930 – Harry “Buddy” Melges Jr, Wisc, yachter (Oly-gold/bronze-1964, 72)

1933 – Ercole Baldini, Italian cyclist

1934 – Huey “Piano” Smith, pianist (Having a Good Time)

1934 – Roger Landry, Quebec businessman and newspaper publisher

1935 – Bob Uecker, Milwaukee Wisc, catcher/actor (Mr Belvedere)

1936 – Noel Harrison, London, singer/actor (Mark-Girl from UNCLE)

1936 – Sal Buscema, American comic book artist

1941 – Scott Glenn, Pittsburgh, actor (Right Stuff, Personal Best, Backdraft)

1943 – Sherian Grace Cadoria, brigadier general

1944 – Angela Yvonne Davis, black activist/professor

1946 – Gene Siskel, movie critic (Siskel & Ebert)

1948 – Corky Laing, rocker (Mountain)

1949 – Derek Holt, rocker (Climax Blues Band)

1950 – David Strathairn, actor (LA Confidential, Eight Men Out)

1950 – Jorg Haider, Austrian polical leader (Austrian Freedom Pary)

1950 – Janet Lupo, American model

1951 – David Briggs, rock guitarist (Little River Band-Help is on it’s Way)

1951 – Jarmila Kratochvilova, Czech, 400m/800m runner (Olympic-silver-1980)

1952 – Mario Runco Jr, Bronx NY, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 44, 54, 77)

1953 – Lucinda Williams, singer

1955 – Eddie Van Halen, Nijmegan Neth, rock guitarist (Van Halen-Jump, 1984)

1956 – Simon Howard, English large landowner (Castle Howard)

1958 – Anita Baker, Toledo Oh, singer (Giving You the Best That I Got)

1958 – Ellen DeGeneres, New Orleans LA, comediene (Ellen Morgan-Ellen)

1958 – Norman Lamont Hassan, British reggae musician (UB40-Red Red Wine)

1960 – Jeanette Bolden, LA California, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1961 – Wayne Gretzky, Brantford Ont, NHL great scorer (Oiler, King, Rangers)

1962 – Tom Keifer, rock guitarist/vocalist (Cinderella-Heartbreak Station)

1963 – Andrew Ridgeley, England, rock guitarist (Wham-Wake Me Up)

1963 – Jazzie B, [Beresford Romeo], English rapper (Soul II Soul-Feel Free)

 

 

 

1976 – Frankie RayderAmerican model

 

 

 

 

 

1976 – Willie Adler, American guitar player

1988 – Mia Rose, British-Portuguese singer

1989 – Emily Hughes, American figure skater

1997 – Pasaye, Palatine Ill, twin born 92 days after his brother (Oct 26)

 

 

Deaths

946 – Eadgyth, German Queen

1109 – Albericus of Côteaux, French saint, dies

1567 – Nicholas Wotton, English diplomat

1630 – Henry Briggs, English mathematician (b. 1556)

1697 – Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)

1744 – Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)

1799 – Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)

1823 – Edward Jenner, English physician (b. 1749)

 

 

 

1869 – Duncan Gordon BoyesEnglish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1885 – Charles George GordonBritish gov-gen (Sudan), executed at 51

 

 

 

 

 

1885 – Edward Davy, English inventor (b. 1806)

1891 – Nicholaus Otto, German auto pioneer (internal combustion engine), dies. (b. 1833)

1893 – Abner Doubleday, credit with inventing baseball, dies on 74th birthday

1895 – Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies

1904 – Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (b. 1846)

1920 – Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered

1932 – William K Wrigley, owner (Wrigley Gum, Chicago Cubs), dies

1933 – Alva Belmont, American socialite (b. 1853)

1939 – Armand Calinescu, Romania’s PM, assassinated by the iron guard

1943 – Nikolai Vavilov, geneticist, Saratovv labour camp, dies

1943 – Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)

1949 – Victor Fleming, director (Wizard of Oz, Gone With Wind), dies at 65

1962 – Charles “Lucky” Luciano, NYC Mafia gangster, dies at 65

1973 – Edward G Robinson, [Goldenberg], actor (Little Caesar), dies at 79

1973 – Jay C. Higginbotham, American musician (b. 1906)

1979 – Nelson Rockefeller, former VP & (4X Gov-R-NY), dies at 70

1983 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, college football coach (Alabama), dies at 69

1990 – Lewis Mumford, American historian (b. 1895)

1990 – Bob Gerard, British racing driver (b. 1914)

1992 – José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor/director (Cyrano de Bergerac), dies at 80

1993 – Jan Gies, Dutch resistance fighter (helped Anne Frank), dies at 87

1996 – David Schultz, wrestler (Oly-Gold-84), killed by John Du Pont

1997 – Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (b. 1904)

 

 

 

1998 – S P LearyTexan Blues drummer (Muddy Waters), dies at 67

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1998 – Shinichi Suzuki, music teacher (Suzuki Method), dies at 99

2000 – A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born author (b. 1912)

2001 – Al McGuire, American basketball coach (b. 1928)

2004 – Fred Haas, American golfer (b. 1916)

2008 – Christian Brando, actor and son of Marlon Brando (b 1958)

2011 – Gladys Horton, American musician and singer, member of the group The Marvelettes (b. 1944)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.

1139 – Godfried II the Young becomes duke of Brabant

1327 – King Edward III accedes to British throne

1348 – Earthquake destroys Villach, killing 5,000

1494 – Alfonso II replaces his father as king of Naples

1554 – Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary

1554 – Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.

1565 – Battle at Talikota India: Moslems destroy Vijayanagar’s army

 

 

 

1573 – Battle of Mikatagaharain JapanTakeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.

 

 

 

 

 

1579 – Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic

1755 – Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.

1775 – Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)

 

 

 

1787 – Shays’ Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmersled by Capt Daniel Shaysfail to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Mass

 

 

 

 

 

1799 – 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont

1825 – 1st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, NY

1856 – Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians

1863 – Battle of Kinston, NC

1863 – General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac

1865 – CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia

1870 – Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows

1875 – Anti-slavery society forms (NY)

1877 – Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden

1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

1890 – Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg’s time around world by 8 days (72 days)

1894 – James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

1904 – 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania

1915 – Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in SF

1915 – Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to SF)

1916 – Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary

1918 – Russia declared a republic of Soviets

1919 – Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later

1937 – 1st broadcast of “Guiding Light” on NBC radio

1937 – Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13

1939 – Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed

1939 – Joe Louis KOs John Henry Lewis in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1940 – Nazi decrees establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland

1942 – Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

1945 – Grand Rapids, Michigan becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water

1945 – Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths

1945 – West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma

1950 – 73°F (23°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in January

1951 – UN begins counter offensive in Korea

1953 – Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec

1955 – Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race

1955 – US & Panama sign canal treaty

1955 – Columbia U scientists develope an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years

1956 – 96.5 cm (38.0″) of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, HI (state record)

1957 – FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for USSR

1959 – 1st transcontinental coml jet flight (American) (LA to NY for $301)

1961 – 1st live, nationally televised presidential news conference (JFK)

1961 – Military coup in El Salvador

1961 – Walt Disney’s “101 Dalmations” released

1964 – Echo 2, US communications satellite launched

1969 – US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris

1970 – Robert Altman’s “M*A*S*H,” premieres

1971 – Charles Manson & 3 women followers convicted of Tate-LaBianca murders

1971 – Military coup in Uganda under Gen Idi Amin Dada

1971 – Phila mint’s 1st trial strike of Eisenhower dollar

1974 – Christian Barnard transplants 1st human heart without removal of old

1974 – Ray Kroc, CEO (McDonald’s), buys SD Padres for $12 million

1979 – 22.2-km Oshimizu railroad tunnel holed through, central Honshu, Japan

1980 – Bani Sadr elected president of Iran

1980 – Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft

1981 – 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US

1981 – Mao’s widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death

1983 – China’s supreme court commutes Chiang Ch’ing’s death sentence to life

1983 – Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit

1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia

1988 – VP Bush & Dan Rather clash on “CBS Evening News” as Rather attempts to question Bush about his role in Iran-Contra affair

1990 – Avianca Flight 52, runs out of fuel & crashes in Cove Neck NY, 73 die

1990 – Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is transferred to a Miami jail

1990 – West-Europe’s strongest hurricane

1990 – The Burns’ Day storm hits northwestern Europe.

1991 – Manuel Noriega is given access to assets frozen by US government

1992 – Hubble space telescope optics finds NGC3862/3C264

1993 – Sears announces it is closing its catalog sales dept after 97 years

1993 – Five people were shot outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia resulting in two murders.

1994 – Mine fire at Asansol India, kills 55

1994 – US space probe Clementine launched

1994 – Accused of molesting a 13-year-old boy, Michael Jackson settles a civil lawsuit out of court

1998 – Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) suicide attack on Sri Lanka’s Temple of the Tooth, killing 8 people injuring 25 others.

1999 – A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hits western Colombia killing at least 1,000.

2002 – Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software (“Phase II”) aka Magnus Manske Day.

2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.

2005 – A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi in India kills at least 258.

2006 – Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.

2011 – Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins in Egypt, with a series of street demonstrations, marches, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, riots, labour strikes, and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria, and throughout other cities in Egypt.

Births

749 – Leo IV, the Khazar, Byzantine emperor (775-80)

1037 – Su Tung-p’o, [J Sotoba], China, layman/poet/administrator [or Dec 19]

1477 – Anna de Bretagne, wife of Maximilian of Austria & Louis XII

1509 – Giovanni Morone, Italian theologist/diplomat/cardinal/”heretic”

1540 – Edmund Campion, London, saint/Jesuit martyr (Decem Rationes)

1627 – Robert Boyle, Ireld, physicist/chemist/author (experiments with color)

1640 – William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and statesman (d. 1707)

1759 – Robert Burns, Alloway Scotland, poet (Auld Lang Syne), (d. 1796)

1794 – François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)

1839 – Seldon Connor, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1917

1858 – Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)

1864 – Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (d. 1934)

1882 – Virginia Woolf [Adeline] , London, author (Jacob’s Room, To Lighthouse), (d. 1941)

1891 – William C Bullitt, 1st US ambassador to USSR

1896 – John Moores, British gambling magnate/multi-millionaire

1901 – Eric Brown, architect

1901 – Martin De Alzaga, Argentine racing driver (d. 1982)

1902 – Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect (d. 1975)

 

 

 

1903 – “Sleepy” John EstesBluesman

 

Videos

1913 – Luis Marden, American photojournalist (d. 2003)

1917 – Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist Nobel Laureate (d. 2003)

1919 – Edwin Newman, NYC, newscaster/journalist/author (NBC-TV, Comment)

1923 – Rusty Draper, American country and pop singer (d. 2003)

1923 – Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as “Sybil”) (d. 1998)

1928 – Eduard Shevardnadze, Soviet Georgia, foreign minister of USSR (-91)

1931 – Dean Jones, Decatur Ala, actor (Ensign O’Toole, Company, Love Bug)

1931 – Harold Lloyd Jr, actor (Frankenstein’s Daughter)

1933 – Corazon Aquino, 11th President of the Philippines

1938 – Etta James [Jamesette Hawkins], Los Angeles, California, singer (Roll with Me, At Last), (d. 2012)

1938 – Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author (d. 1998)

1938 – Leiji Matsumoto, sJapanese creator of anime.

1941 – Elzie “Buddy” Baker, race-car driver

 

 

 

1942 – Carl EllerDefensive End , Minnesota Vikings 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Leigh Taylor-Young, Wash DC, actress (Peyton Place, Alice B Toklas)

1947 – Ángel Nieto, Spanish motorcycle racer

1950 – Michael Cotton, rocker (Tubes)

1951 – Steve Prefontaine, Coos Bay Oregon, 5K (Olympics-4th-1972)

1953 – Malcolm Green, rocker (Split Enz-I Got You)

1953 – The Honky Tonk Man, American professional wrestler

1954 – Kim Gandy, American feminist

1956 – Andy Cox, rock guitarist (Fine Young Cannibals-She Drives Me Crazy)

1957 – Martha Elizabeth Thomsen, Moses Lake Wash, playmate (May, 1980)

1958 – Dinah Manoff, NYC, actress (Elaine-Soap, Carol Weston-Empty Nest)

1958 – Gary Brian Tibbs, London, rock bassist (Adam & The Ants, Roxy Music)

1958 – Harti Weirather, Austrian alpine skier

1964 – Chip Foster, actor (Chip & Pepper’s Surf’s Up Saturday)

1964 – Pepper Foster, actress (Chip & Pepper’s Surf’s Up Saturday)

1966 – John [Vo] Velyvis, North Adams Mass, rower (Olympics-1996)

1967 – Marty Calder, St Catharine ON, 62 kg freestyle wrestler (Oly-12-92,96)

1969 – Jesse Harte, Rome Ga, heavy metal vocalist (Southgang-Tainted Angel)

1969 – Kina, American singer

1971 – Luca Badoer, Italian race car driver

1971 – China Kantner, San Francisco, American actress and daughter of Grace Slick

1973 – Elvis Presley Jr, alleged son of Elvis Presley

1975 – Mia Kirshner, Canadian actress

1976 – Mario Haberfeld, Brazilian racing car driver

1979 – Rodrigo Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver

1979 – Pi Hongyan, French badminton player

1981 – Alicia Keys [Cook], New York NY, singer-songwriter (Fallin, Where Do We Go From Here)

 

Deaths

389 – Gregory Nazianzus, theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 329)

477 – Geiseric, King of the Vandals and Alans

844 – Pope Gregory IV

1067 – Emperor Yingzong of China (b. 1032)

1138 – Anacletus II, [Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38), dies

1139 – Godfried I, with the Beard, duke of Brabant/earl of Leuven, dies

1366 – Henry Suso, German mystic

1494 – Ferdinand I, cruel king of Naples, dies

 

 

 

1573 – Hirate HirohideJapanese samuraidies at the Battle of Mikatagahara (b. 1553)

 

元亀三年十二月味方ヶ原戰争之圖
元亀三年十二月味方ヶ原戰争之圖 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

1640 – Robert Burton, author (Anatomy of Melancholy), dies

1726 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (b. 1675)

1733 – Reinier V van Hompech, Dutch gen-maj cavalry, dies

1733 – Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London (b. 1652)

1896 – Frans C Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (Court of Justice), dies at 68

1906 – Joseph Wheeler II, Confederate General, dies at 70

1925 – Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)

 

 

 

1947 – Al CaponeChicago gangsterdies of syphilis at 48

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese physician and bacteriologist (b. 1871)

1957 – Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese industrialist and Minister of Commerce and Industry (b. 1873)

1960 – Diana Barrymore, actress (Ladies Courageous), dies at 38

1970 – Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st black female DA in NY, dies at 70

1972 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892)

1978 – Tango Duke, dies in Australia at 42; oldest known thoroughbred horse

1990 – Ava Gardner, actress (Barefoot Contessa), dies of pneumonia at 67

1994 – Stephen Cole Kleene, mathematician (Regular Expressions), dies at 85

1997 – Jean Dixon, psychic (Gift of Prophecy), dies of a heart attack at 79

2005 – Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)

2006 – Anna Malle, adult film star (b. 1967)

2010 – Ali Hasan al-Majid aka Chemical Ali, Iraqi defense minister and military commander (b. 1941)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

41 – Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after his assassination by Praetorian Guards.

817 – St Paschal I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Stephen IV

1076 – Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII

1118 – Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II

1458 – Matthias I Corvinus chosen king of Hungary

1556 – Heavy earthquake strikes Shaaxi China, kills 830,000

1568 – In Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw

1639 – Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders

1644 – Battle at Nantwich Cheshire: Parliamentary armies win

1656 – 1st Jewish doctor in US, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland

1722 – Czar Peter the Great begins civil system

1764 – Gov Winthrop Telescope, is destroyed in a Harvard fire

 

 

 

1776 – Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga.

 

 

 

 

 

1847 – 1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans defeated by US Col Price

1848 – James Marshall finds gold in Sutter’s Mill in Coloma, Calif

1857 – The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.

1861 – Arsenal at Augusta, Ga seized by Confederacy

1861 – Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens

1874 – Gen J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after 1000’s die

1878 – The revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, the Governor of Saint Petersburg.

 

 

 

1892 – Battle at Mengo, Uganda: French missionaries attack Brit missionaries

 

 

 

 

 

1899 – Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O’Sullivan

 

 

 

1900 – Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)

 

British artillery firing onto Spion Kop from south of the Tugela River.

 

 

 

 

1901 – Emily Hobhouse view lord Kitcheners concentration camp at Bloemfontein

1902 – Denmark sells Virgin Islands to USA

1908 – Gen Baden-Powell starts Boy-Scouts

1913 – Franz Kafka stops working on “Amerika”; it will never be finished

1915 – German-British sea battle at Doggersbank & Helgoland

1922 – -54°F (-48°C), Danbury, Wisconsin (state record)

1922 – Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo)

1922 – Lehman Caves National Monument established

1923 – Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established

1924 – Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union

1924 – Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad

1925 – Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island NY

1927 – Director Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film, The Pleasure Garden, in England.

1935 – 1st canned beer, “Krueger Cream Ale,” is sold by Kruger Brewing Co

1936 – Benny Goodman & orchestra record “Stompin’ at the Savoy” on Victor Records

1939 – 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile

1941 – British troops march into Abyssinia

1943 – Hitler orders nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death

1943 – Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau

1944 – Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy

1950 – Jackie Robinson signs highest contract ($35,000) in Dodger history

1952 – Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base

1956 – 96.5 cm precipitation at Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)

1958 – After warming to 100,000,000 degrees, 2 light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in 1st man-made nuclear fusion

1961 – Lazard Brothers Ltd draw a check for $334,867,807.68

1962 – 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany

1962 – Brian Epstein signs management contract with the Beatles

1962 – Jackie Robinson is 1st Black elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1964 – Martin Kresses final comic strip of Eric the Viking

1964 – 24th Amendment to US Constitution goes into effect & states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes

1969 – Spanish Gen Franco announces state of emergency

 

 

 

1972 – Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England

1976 – George Foreman KOs Ron Lyle in 5th round of a real slugfest

1977 – 5 lawyers murdered by fascist in Madrid

1977 – Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.

1978 – Carter Executive Order on Intelligence (# 12036)

1984 – Apple Computer Inc unveils its revolutionary Macintosh personal computer

1986 – NY Islander Mike Bossy scores his 1,000th point

1986 – Voyager 2 makes 1st fly-by of Uranus (81,593 km), finds new moons

1990 – Japanese MUSES-A (Hiten) launched towards moon

1993 – Polish ferry boat John Heweliusz sinks, 52 killed

1993 – Turkish journalist and writer Uğur Mumcu is assassinated by a car bomb in Ankara.

1994 – Dow Jones closes above 3,900 for 1st time (3,914.48)

2003 – The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.

2011 – At least 35 died and 180 injured in a bombing at Moscow’s Domodedovo airport.

 

 

 

Births

76 – Publius A Hadrianus, 14th Roman Emperor (117-138)

1287 – Richard Aungerville, English bishop (d. 1345)

1444 – Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan (d. 1476)

1638 – Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)

1664 – John Vanbrugh, London, dramatist/architect (baptized)

1674 – Thomas Tanner, English bishop (d. 1735)

1679 – Christian von Wolff, German philosopher

1712 – Frederick II, (the Great), king of Prussia (1740-86)

1750 – Wybo Fijnje, Dutch politician/patriot/journalist

1763 – Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (d. 1831)

1820 – John Milton Thayer, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906

1828 – Adam Jacoby Slemmer, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1832 – John Pegram, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865

1862 – Edith Wharton [-Jones], New York NY, Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), (d. 1937)

1888 – Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)

1888 – Henry King, US, director (Jesse James, 12 O’Clock High)

1891 – Walter Model, German fieldmarshal

1903 – Robert Gwathmey, artist (Arts & Letters)

1911 – C[atherine] L[ucille] Moore, US, sci-fi author (Judgment Night)

1913 – Mark Goodson, TV game-show proudcer (Goodson-Toddman)

1915 – Robert B Motherwell, US, painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic)

1916 – John Corner, scientist

 

 

 

1917 – Ernest Borgnine, Hamden Ct, actor (Ice Station Zebra, McHale’s Navy, Marty), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – Oral Roberts, Pontotoc County Oklahoma, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College

1920 – Jerry Maren, actor (munchkin-Wizard of Oz, Mayor McCheese)

1924 – Marvin Kaplan, Brooklyn NY, actor (Top Cat, Henry-Alice)

1928 – Desmond Morris, English zoologist (Human Ape, Body Language)

1930 – Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer/multi-millionaire

1933 – Ron Townson, rock vocalist (5th Dimension-Aquarius) [or Jan 29]

1933 – Zeke Carey, US R&B-singer (Flamingos-I Only Have Eyes For You)

1936 – Doug Kershaw, La, plays electric fiddle

1939 – Ray Stevens, Clarksdale Ga, singer (Ahab the Arab, Streak)

1941 – Aaron Neville, US singer/keyboardist (Neville Brothers)

1941 – Neil Diamond, Brooklyn NY, singer/actor (Jazz Singer)

1943 – Julie Bennett, Beverly Hills CA, actress (Hey There It’s Yogi Bear)

1943 – Sharon Tate, Dallas Tx, actress (Valley of the Dolls)

1946 – Michael Ontkean, Vancouver BC, actor (Rookies, Slap Shot, Twin Peaks)

1947 – Warren Zevon, Chicago, rocker (Excitable Boy)

1949 – John Belushi, Chicago Ill, comedian/actor (SNL, Blues Brothers)

1951 – Yakov Smirnoff, Russia, comedian (It’s a wonderful country)

1952 – William F Readdy, Quonset Point RI, astronaut (STS 42, 51, 79)

1954 – Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1986)

1955 – James Montgomery, US 100m swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1976)

1958 – Frank Ullrich, East Germany, world biathlon champion

1958 – Jools Holland, British musician

 

 

 

1961 – Nastassja Kinski, Berlin Germany, actress (Tess, Cat People)

 

http://searchweight.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/nastassja-kinski.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Krasimir Mikhailov Stoyanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut

1965 – Ross MacDonald, Vancouver BC, star yachter (Olympics-96)

1966 – Mike Forgeron, Main-A-Dieu Nova Scotia, rower (Olympics-96)

1968 – Mary Lou Retton, Fairmont WV, gymnist (Oly-gold/2 silver/2 bronze-84)

1969 – Louise McPaul, Australian javelin thrower (Olympics-silver-92, 96)

1972 – Ulla Werbrouck, Belgian judoka and politician

1973 – Chris Ferraro, Port Jefferson, NHL right wing (Oly-94, NY Rangers)

1986 – Mischa Barton, English-born American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

41 – Caligula, [G C Germanicus], Roman emperor (37-41), assassinated at 28 by Praetorian Guards. Known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism.

 

 

 

 

 

661 – Ali ibn Abu Talib, kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered

772 – Stephen III/IV, Catholic Pope (768-72), dies. (b. 720)

817 – Stefanus IV, Pope (816-17), dies

1125 – David IV of Georgia (b. 1073)

1336 – Alfonso IV, the Benignant, King of Aragon (1327-36), dies at 36

1376 – Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leader

1473 – Conrad Paumann, German blind organist/composer, dies

1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, executed for treason

1595 – Ferdinand II of Austria (b. 1529)

1626 – Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (b. 1580)

1639 – George Jenatsch, Grisons leader, assassinated

1709 – George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)

1769 – François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)

1862 – James McIntosh, US confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at about 33

1864 – Stephen Gardner Champlin, brig-general (Union), dies at about 36

1877 – Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (b. 1796)

1895 – Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)

1918 – George Arthur Crump, Founder of the Pine Valley Golf Club in Clementon NJ (b. 1871)

1932 – Alfred Yarrow, English shipbuilder (b. 1842)

1939 – Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (b. 1867)

1948 – Maria Mandel, Camp Leader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)

1948 – Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)

1953 – [Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt, gen-field marshal (Normandy), dies at 77

 

 

 

1955 – Ira Hayes, American World War II hero (b. 1923)(see UE births 1.12.13)

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American swimmer and inventor (b. 1884)

1962 – Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (b. 1877)

 

 

 

1965 – Winston Churchill, PM of Britain (C) (1940-45, 51-55), dies at 90

 

 

 

 

 

1966 – Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (b. 1909)

1970 – James “Shep” Shepherd, rocker (Shep & Limelites), beaten to death

1971 – Bill W., American co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1895)

 

 

 

1975 – Larry Fine, actor (3 Stooges), dies at 72

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1983 – George Cukor, director, dies of stroke & heart attack at 83

1986 – Gordon MacRae, singer (Oklahoma, Carousel), dies at 64

1986 – L[aFayette] Ron[ald] Hubbard, author (Death Quest), dies at 74

1988 – Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C), dies at 91

1988 – Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (b. 1905)

1989 – Ted Bundy, serial killer of up to 100 women, executed in Florida at 42

1992 – Tina Chow, model, dies of AIDs at 41

1992 – Ricky Ray Rector, American murderer (b. 1950)

1993 – Thurgood Marshall, 1st black supreme court justice (1967-91), dies 84

1994 – Michalis Vranopoulos, head of Greek state bank, murdered at 48

1995 – Ian Prestt, English ornithologist, dies at 65

1997 – Callum Alexander MacDonald, historian, dies at 49

2002 – Elie Hobeika, Lebanese Forces militia commander (b. 1956)

2003 – Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive (b. 1921)

2006 – Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers (b. 1914)

2006 – Chris Penn, American actor (b. 1965)

 

 

 

2007 – Emiliano Mercado del Toro, World’s Oldest Military Veteran (b. 1891)

 

 

 

 

 

2010 – Pernell Roberts, American actor & singer, last surviving star of Bonanza (b. 1928)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

3102 BC – Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga.

393 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor.

638 – Start of Islamic calendar

909 – John of Rila aka Saint Ivan and the fable of two pies.

971 – In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops. The Southern Han state is forced to submit to the Song Dynasty, ending not only Southern Han rule, but also the first regular war elephant corps employed in a Chinese army that had gained the Southern Han victories throughout the 10th century.

1265 – 1st English Parliament formally convened (some authorities)

1368 – In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

1492 – “Pentateuch” (Jewish holy book) 1st printed

1546 – Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.

1556 – Most deadly earthquake kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China

1570 – Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out

1647 – Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament

1656 – Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.

1779 – Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)

1793 – Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized

1812 – 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri

1849 – Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US

1849 – Patent granted for an envelope-making machine

1855 – The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge.

1856 – Steamer Pacific lost

1862 – Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings

1865 – -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent’s Reach)

1870 – 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army

1879 – National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville Ind)

1897 – Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

1899 – Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.

1904 – Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

1907 – Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes 1st Native American US senator

1909 – 1st radio rescue at sea

1916 – Temp falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT

1930 – Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto

1930 – George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Va established

1932 – El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers

1933 – 20th amendment changes date of presidential inaugurations to 1/20

1937 – Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin’s great purge

1942 – Tank battle at Adzjedabia, African corps vs British army

1943 – 66.34 cm (26.12″), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)

1943 – British 8th army marches into Tripoli

1943 – Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured

1943 – Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

1945 – World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

1946 – Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA

1948 – Huston’s “Treasure of Sierra Madre” starring Humphrey Bogart opens

1950 – Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel

1950 – NFL rule changes open way for 2-platoon system (offense & defense)

1950 – Rebel army of cap Raymond Westerner occupies Bandung

1954 – Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (18 games)

1960 – Bathosphere “Trieste” reach bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)

1962 – Bob Feller & Jackie Robinson elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1962 – British spy Kim Philby defects to USSR

1964 – 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections

1965 – Boston Celtic center Bill Russell misses all 14 shots in loss to Philadelphia Warriors led by Wilt Chamberlain

 

 

 

1968 – Spy ship USS Pueblo & 83-man crew seized in Sea of Japan by N Korea

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Cream releases their last album “Goodbye”

1970 – Australia’s 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (California)

1970 – Dolle Mina’s burns her bra in Amsterdam

1971 – -80°F (-62°C) in Prospect Creek Camp, Alaska (US record)

1971 – UCLA loses to Notre Dame, UCLA then wins next 88 games in a row

1972 – Bootlegger sells wood alcohol to wedding party-100 die-New Delhi

1972 – Entire population of Istanbul under 24 hour house arrest

1973 – Helgafell, island of Heimaey Iceland erupts for 1st time in 7,000 yrs

1973 – Pres Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War

1975 – “Barney Miller” premieres on ABC TV

1977 – Miniseries “Roots” premieres on ABC

1978 – Belgian industrial Haron Empain kidnapped in Paris

1978 – Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to earth’s ozone layer.

1979 – Willie Mays elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1981 – 1st Richard Nixon museum opens (San Clemente California)

1981 – Mike Bossy becomes 1st in NHL to score 50 goals in 50 games

1983 – “A-Team” with Mr T premieres on NBC

1983 – Bjorn Borg announces his retirement from tennis

1984 – Hulk Hogan defeats Iron Sheik to become WWF champ

1986 – 1st induction of Rock ‘N’ Roll Hall of Fame (Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Domino, Everly Bros, B Holly, J L Lewis & Elvis Presley)

1987 – Japan 1st exceeds military spending cap of 1% of GNP ($23 billion)

1991 – “Seinfeld” debuts on NBC-TV

1993 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Nancy Kerrigan

1994 – Bernie Kosar is 2nd QB to throw TD passes in AFC & NFC Champ games

1996 – The first version of the Java programming language was released.

2001 – The Chinese Communist Party stages a self-immolation in Tiananmen Square to frame Falun Gong and escalate the persecution.

2002 – Reporter Daniel Pearl was kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan. He was subsequently murdered .

2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in Federal Bureau of Investigation custody.

2003 – Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10

2009 – Dendermonde nursery attack occurred in Dendermonde, Belgium.

2012 – European Union agrees to embargo Iranian oil in protest against Iran’s alleged nuclear weapons program

 

 

 

Births

1350 – Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)

1574 – Lucas I Franchoys, Belgian painter

1582 – John Barclay, Scottish satirist/Latin poet (Argenis)

1688 – Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (d. 1741)

1719 – John Landen, English mathematician (d. 1790)

 

 

 

1730 – Joseph HewesUS merchant (Declaration of Independence signer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1737 – John Hancockmerchant/statesman, (1st to sign Declaration of Independence), (d. 1793)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1745 – William Jessop, English canal engineer (d. 1814)

1783 – Stendhal, [Marie Henri Beyle], France, writer (Le Rouge et de Noir)

1785 – Carl A Agardh, Sweden, botanist/bishop of Karlstad

1786 – Auguste de Montferrand, French architect (d. 1858)

1809 – Veer Surendra Sai, Indian Freedom Fighter

1827 – Takamori Saigo, Samurai, leader of Satsuma rebellion (d. 1877)

1828 – Calvin Edward Pratt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896

1832 – Edouard Manet, Paris, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), (d. 1883)

1833 – John Randolph Chambliss Jr, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1840 – Ernst Abbe, Germany, physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company)

1855 – John Moses Browning, American inventor (d. 1926)

1862 – David Hilbert, Königsberg East Prussia, mathematician

1872 – Paul Langevin, French physicist (d. 1946)

1884 – Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver (d. 1956)

 

 

 

1897 – Sir William Samuel StephensonCanadian soldierW.W.II codename, IntrepidInspiration for James Bond. (d. 1989)

 

 

 

 

 

1897 – Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)

1898 – Randolph Scott, actor (Last of the Mohicans, Western Union)

1898 – Sergei Eisenstein, Russia, director (Battleship Potemkin) [NS]

1899 – Joseph Nathan Kane, historian (Famous Firsts)

1899 – Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (d. 1931)

1902 – Benny Waters, saxophonist

1906 – Bob Steele, Pendleton Oregon, actor (Duffy-F Troop, Big Sleep)

1907 – Dan Duryea, White Plains NY, actor (Pride of the Yankees)

1907 – Hediki Yukawa, Japan, physicist (Nobel 1949)

 

 

 

1910 – Django ReinhardtBelgiumGypsy jazz guitarist

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1914 – Napoleon L Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne

1915 – Potter Stewart, Mich, 94th Supreme Court justice (1958-81)

1918 – Gertrude Belle Elion, NYC, biochemist/drug researcher (Nobel 1988)

1919 – Ernie Kovacs, Trenton NJ, comedian (Ernie Kovacs’ Show)

1919 – Nina Dumbadze, USSR, Discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1952)

1919 – Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist

1923 – Florence Halop, Queens, actress (Florence-Night Court, St Elsewhere)

1923 – Walter M[ichael] Miller Jr, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, View from Stars)

1927 – Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (d. 1994)

1928 – Eugene Monti, Italy, bobsledder (Olympic-2 golds-1968)

1928 – Jeanne Moreau, Paris France, actress (Going Places, Jules & Jim)

1928 – Kees [Cornelis] Broekman, Dutch speed skater (Olympic-silver-1952)

1929 – John Polanyi, Berlin, Canadian chemist (Nobel 1986)

1930 – William Reid Pogue, Okemah Oklahoma, Colonel USAF/astronaut (Skylab 4)

1933 – Arlene Golonka, Chicago Ill, actress (Millie-Mayberry RFD)

1936 – Jerry Kramer, Green Bay Packer, author (Instant Replay)

1938 – Anatoly Marchenko, Siberia, Soviet dissident

1939 – Sonny Chiba, Japanese actor and martial artist

1939 – Arlene Golonka, American actress

1942 – Ivan Ivanovich Bachurin, cosmonaut

1942 – Willy Bogner Jr, Munich, director (On Her Majesty’s Secret Service)

1943 – Gil Gerard, Little Rock Ark, actor (Buck Rogers in 25th Century)

1943 – Gary Burton, American jazz vibraphonist

1944 – Jerry Lawson, US singer (Persuasions-Under the Boardwalk)

1944 – Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor (Blade Runner, Ladyhawke, Osterman Weekend)

1944 – Sergey Belov, USSR, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1972)

1946 – Don Whittington, American businessman, car & airplane racer and convicted felon

1948 – Anita Pointer, Oakland, rock vocalist (Pointer Sisters-She’s So Shy)

1949 – Robert Cabana, Minneapolis, Mjr USMC/astronaut (STS 41, 53, 68, sk:88)

1950 – Bill Cunningham, rock keyboardist/bassist (Box Tops)

1950 – Danny Federici, rocker (E Street Band)

1950 – Patrick Simmons, guitarist/vocal (Doobie Brothers-Minute by Minute)

1950 – Richard Dean Anderson, Minneapolis, actor (MacGyver, Emerald Pt NAS)

1950 – William Cunningham, rock bassist/pianist (Box Tops-Letter)

1951 – Margaret Johnson Bailes, Bronx NY, 4X100 runner (Olympic-gold-1968)

1951 – Michael Matz, equestrian show jumper (Olympics-silver-96)

1953 – Lamont Robin Zander, rocker (Cheap Trick)

1954 – Franco De Vita, Caracas Venezuala, spanish singer (Extranjero)

1954 – Rick Finch, rocker (KC & Sunshine Band-Give It)

1955 – Reginald Calloway, trumpet player (Midnight Star-No Parking)

1957 – Caroline Louise Marguerite Grimaldi, Monte Carlo Monaco, princess

1958 – Lorraine Michaels, Canterbury England, playmate (Apr, 1981)

1959 – Earl Falconer, British reggae bassist (UB40-Red Red Wine)

1959 – Tyrone Power Jr, Los Angeles California, actor (Shag)

1960 – Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfing pioneer (d. 1998)

1963 – Gail O’Grady, Detroit, actress (Hitman, Nobody’s Perfect, NYPD Blue)

1966 – Scott Fortune, Newport Beach California, volleyballer (Oly-G-88,B-92, 96)

1967 – Christine Parris-Washington, Truro Nova Scotia, softball (Olympics-96)

1967 – Naim Suleymanoglu, Bulgaria, Turkish weight lifter (Oly-gold-1988)

1968 – Eric Metcalf, NFL receiver/running back (Atl Falcons, San Diego Chargers)

1971 – Julie Foudy, SD California, soccer midfielder (Olympics-96)

1971 – Mark Grimmette, Ann Arbor Mich, doubles luger (Olympics-1994)

1972 – Tanya Harding, Australian softball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)

1974 – Tiffani-Amber Theissen, Long Beach Ca, actress (Saved by Bell, 90210)

1975 – Tito Ortiz, American UFC fighter

1976 – Phil Boudreault, Copper Cliff Ontario, boxer (Olympics-96)

1979 – Sampsa Astala, Finnish musician (Lordi)

1980 – Theresa Kulikowski, Tacoma Wash, gymnast (World-bronze-95, Oly-96)

1981 – Greg Smith, American UFC fighter

 

 

 

1985 – Doutzen KroesDutch supermodel

 

Deaths

1002 – Otto III, German king/emperor 983/996-1002, dies at 21

1199 – Yaqub, Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)

1356 – Margaretha of Bavaria, Emperess of Germany, dies

1516 – Ferdinand II, king of Aragon/Sicily, dies at 63

1567 – Jiajing, Emperor of China (b. 1507)

1622 – William Baffin, British explorer, dies at about 38

1639 – Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis, Peruvian poet, burned at stake

1744 – Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)

1785 – Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)

 

 

 

1800 – Edward RutledgeUS attorney (signed Decl of Indep), dies at 50

 

 

 

 

 

 

1803 – Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer (b. 1725)

1805 – Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)

1806 – William Pitt, the Younger, PM Great Britain (1783..1806), dies at 46

1812 – Robert Craufurd, British general (b. 1764)

 

 

 

1813 – George ClymerUS merchant (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 73

 

 

 

 

 

 

1833 – Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)

1838 – Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director, dies at 67

1893 – Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1825)

1913 – Nazim Pasha, Turkey’s PM, assassinated

1937 – Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (b. 1876)

1943 – Alexander Woollcott, critic, dies of a heart attack on radio, at 56

1944 – Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80

1945 – Helmuth J Moltke, German politician (“July 20th Plot”), executed at 37

1956 – Alexander Korda, English movie producer (Henry VIII), dies at 62

1957 – Willie Edwards, US black, murdered by KKK at 25

1973 – Alexander Onassis, Greek heir of the Onassis family (b. 1948)

1973 – Kid Ory, American jazz trombonist (b. 1886)

1976 – Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 44

1976 – Paul Robeson, athlete/lawyer/singer, dies in Philadelphia at 77

1977 – Bernard “Toots” Shor, barkeeper, dies at 73

1978 – Jack Oakie, actor (Great Dictator, Gang Buster), dies at 74

1978 – Terry Kath, rock guitarist (Chicago), accidently shot in head at 32

1978 – Vic Ames, American singer (Ames Brothers) (b. 1925)

1989 – Salvador Dalí, Catalan artist (b. 1904)

1990 – Albert Collins, guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd), dies of pneumonia at 57

1992 – Freddie Bartholomew, child actor (Kidnapped), dies of emphysema at 67

1993 – Thomas A Dorsey, jazz pianist (Take My Hand, Precious Lord), dies

1994 – Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian marshal (Flight KAL 007), dies at 76

1997 – Laura “Dinky” Patterson, dies bungee jumping at Superbowl rehearsal at 43

1997 – Randy Greenawalt, convicted killer, executed by injection at 47

1997 – Richard Berry, lyricist (Louie Louie), dies at 61

1997 – Roger John Tayler, astrophysicist, dies at 67

1999 – Jay Pritzker, American businessman (b. 1922)

2002 – Paul Aars, American racecar driver (b. 1934)

 

 

 

2002 – Robert NozickAmerican philosopher (b. 1938)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2003 – Nell Carter, American singer and actress (b. 1948)

2004 – Bob Keeshan, American actor (b. 1927)

2004 – Helmut Newton, German-born photographer (b. 1920)

 

 

 

2005 – Johnny CarsonAmerican television host (b. 1925)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

2007 – E. Howard Hunt, American Watergate figure (b. 1918)

2011 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness and nutritional expert (b. 1914)

2012 – Anthony Capo, DeCavalcante crime family hitman and informant, dies from heart attack at 52/53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

565 – Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.

871 – Battle at Basing: Danish invasion army beats Ethelred of Wessex

1371 – King Robert II Stuart of Scotland crowned

1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican.

1510 – Jews are expelled from Colmar Germany

1517 – Turks conquer Cairo

1528 – England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V

1673 – Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated

1689 – Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords

1690 – Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French

1760 – Battle at Wandewash India: British troops beat French

1771 – Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain

1798 – Coup of Midderigh

1813 – Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory

1816 – Lord Byron completes “Parisina” & “Siege of Corinth”

1817 – English freighter Diana sinks off Malaysia

1824 – Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.

1837 – Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands

1840 – British colonists reach New Zealand.

1850 – Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif

1862 – Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20

1863 – Union General Burnside’s “Mud March”

1873 – Britains SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness England, 300 die

 

 

 

1879 – Zulus attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana South Africa

 

 

 

 

 

1879 – Battle at Rorkes DriftBritish garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulus

 

 

 

 

 

 

1889 – Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.

1890 – Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC

1895 – National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati

1899 – Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.

1905 – Bloody Sunday: Russian demonstrators fired on by tsarist troops

1906 – SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.

1930 – -35°F (-37°C), Mount Carroll, Illinois (state record)

1938 – “Our Town,” Thornton Wilder’s Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover’s Corners, NH, premieres (NJ)

1939 – Uranium atom 1st split, Columbia University

1941 – 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania

1941 – British/Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians

1942 – Japanese air raid on Rabaul, New Britain

1943 – Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, SD

 

 

 

1944 – Battle of AnzioItalyAllies stopped on beach

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Burma highway reopens

1945 – Heavy US air raid on Okinawa

1946 – US president sets up CIA, Central Intelligence Agency

1951 – Fidel Castro ejected from a Winter League game after beaning batter

1956 – 30 die in a train crash in Los Angeles

1957 – Israeli forces withdraw from Sinai Peninsula

 

 

 

1957 – Mad Bomber (George P Meteskyaccused of 30 explosionsarrested

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – USAF concludes less than 1% of UFO’s are unknown objects

1960 – Paul Pender beats Sugar Ray Robinson for middleweight boxing title

1962 – The Organization of American States suspends Cuba’s membership.

1964 – World’s largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured, Wisconsin

1965 – US launches TIROS 9 weather satellite

1968 – “Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In” premieres on NBC

1968 – Apollo 5 launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made

1969 – Billy Preston becomes 5th Beatle

1969 – Roy Campanella & Stan Musial elected to baseball Hall of Fame

1970 – 1st commercial Boeing 747 flight, NY to London in 6½ hours

1972 – “Emergency” with Robert Fuller premieres on NBC TV

1973 – George Foreman TKOs Joe Frazier in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1973 – Roe vs Wade: US Supreme Court legalizes some abortions

1973 – US, North & South Vietnam & Vietcong sign boundary accord

1975 – Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched

1976 – Bank robbery in Beirut nets $20-50 million (record)

1980 – Andrei Sakharov is arrested in Moscow

1982 – 75% of North America is covered by snow

1983 – Houston is 1st NBA team to be held scoreless in an overtime Portland Trail Blazers out score them 17-0 & win 113-96

1984 – Annette Kennedy of SUNY sets women’s basketball record with 70 pts

1984 – Superbowl XVIII: LA Raiders beat Wash Red Skins, 38-9 in Tampa Superbowl MVP: Marcus Allen, LA Raiders, RB

1985 – -30°F (-34°C), Mountain Lake Bio Station, Virginia (state record)

1985 – Cold wave damages 90% of Florida’s citrus crop

1987 – Blizzard in NJ, as 334 attend Devils-Flame NHL game, NJ wins 7-5

1987 – Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.

1988 – Mike Tyson TKOs Larry Holmes in 4 for heavyweight boxing title

1989 – Superbowl XXIII: SF 49ers beat Cin Bengals, 20-16 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Jerry Rice, San Francisco, WR

1990 – 17th American Music Award: Milli Vanilli

1990 – Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet worm.

1991 – Gulf War. Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.

1992 – Princess Sarah Ferguson wears paper bag over her head on airline ride

1992 – Rebel forces occupy Zaire’s national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government’s resignation.

1993 – Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6:38.77

1995 – Palestinian bomb attack in Beit Lid Israel, 21-22 killed

1999 – Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.

2002 – Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

2003 – Last successful contact with the spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects.

2006 – Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country’s first indigenous president.

 

 

 

2007 – The jury portion of the trial against Robert Picktonaccused of being Canada’s worst serial killeropens in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.

 

 

 

 

 

2010 – Conan O’Brien’s last Tonight Show episode after a big controversy over the Tonight Show timeslot.

 

 

 

Births

1263 – Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)

1440 – Ivan III, the Great, Russian czar (1462-1505)/conquered Lithuania

1553 – Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)

1561 – Francis Bacon, Strand, London, statesman/essayist (Novum Organum), (d. 1626)

1592 – Pierre Gassendi, Champtercier Provence, scientist/philosopher

1654 – Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)

1655 – Geleyn Evertsen, lt-admiral (Zealand)

1733 – Philip Carteret, British Naval Officer

 

 

 

1788 – Lord [George Gordon Noel] ByronEnglandromantic poet (Don Juan)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1796 – Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)

1802 – Richard Upjohn, US, gothic architect (Trinity Chapel, NY)

1826 – [Merriwether] Jeff Thompson, Partisan (Confederate Army), died in 1876

1849 – August Strindberg, Sweden, dramatist/novelist (Apologia)

1858 – Beatrice Potter Webb, England, economist

1865 – Friedrich Paschen, German physicist

1869 – Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II (d. 1916)

1874 – Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)

 

 

 

1875 – D[avid] W Griffithmovie producer/director (Birth of a Nation)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1890 – Fred M Vinson, Ky, 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53)

1892 – Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder

1893 – Conrad Veidt, Potsdam Germany, actor (Cabinet of Dr Calgary)

1897 – Rosa Ponselle, opera diva (Casta Diva, La Forza del Destino)

1903 – Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)

1904 – George Balanchine [Giorgi Balanchivadze], ballet composer/choreographer, (d. 1983), [OS=Jan 9]

1906 – Robert E[rvin] Howard, US, sci-fi author (Conan the Conqueror)

1906 – Willa B Brown (Coffey), US black air pioneer (NAAA)

1909 – Ann Sothern, [Harriette Lake], ND, actress (Lady in a Cage)

1909 – Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962)

1909 – [Sithu] U Thant, Burma, 3rd UN sec-genl (1962-72)

1909 – Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)

1911 – Bruno Kreisky, Austria, bandleader/chancellor (1970-83)

1923 – Diana Douglas, Devonshire Bermuda, actress (The Cowboys)

1924 – Margaret Whiting, big band singer

1925 – Leslie Silver, English paint manufacturer/multi-millionaire

1931 – Galina Zybina, USSR, discus thrower (15 world records between 1952-58)

1932 – Piper Laurie, [Rosetta Jacobs], Detroit Mich, actress (Twin Peaks)

1932 – Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and former sexologist

1934 – Bill Bixby, SF California, actor (Incredible Hulk, My Favorite Martian)

1934 – Graham Kerr, chef (Galloping Gourmet)

1935 – Pierre S Du Pont IV, (gov-Del)

 

 

 

1935 – Sam Cooke, Chicago Ill, soul singer (You Send Me)(see UE Deaths 12/11)

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1936 – Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate

1937 – Joseph Wambaugh, East Pittsburgh Pa, police writer (Onion Fields)

1937 – Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader

1940 – Addie “Micki” Harris, Passaic NJ, singer (Shirelles-Soldier Boy)

1940 – John Hurt, England, actor (Elephant Man, Alien, Midnight Express)

1945 – Oliver, rocker

1949 – Steve Perry, Hanford California, vocalist (Journey-Open Arms, Oh Sherry)

1952 – Karen Moe [Thornton], US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1972)

1952 – Teddy Gentry, Fort Payne Ala, country music star (Alabama-Mt Music)

1953 – Jim Jarmusch, American director

1954 – Chris Lemmon, LA California, actor (Brothers & Sisters, Duet) [or Jun 22]

1955 – Thomas David Jones, Balt Md, PhD/Astronaut (STS 59, 68, 80, sk: 98)

1957 – Mike Bossy, NHL forward (NY Islanders), 1st 50 goals in 50 game

1959 – Linda Blair, St Louis Mo, actress (Exorcist, Chained Heat, Savage St)

1960 – Michael Hutchence, Australia, rock vocalist/actor (INXS-Dogs in Space)

1963 – Andrei Tchmil, Ukrainian-Belgian cyclist

1964 – Ann Rowe, Auburn Maine, Miss Maine-America (1991)

1965 – Diane Lane, NYC, American actress (The Perfect Storm, Lady Beware, Lonesome Dove)

1965 – Jazzy Jeff Townes, rapper (Parents Just Don’t Understand)

1965 – Ray Mayhew, rocker (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)

1966 – Carlton Haselrig, NFL guard (NY Jets)

1967 – Manabu Nakanishi, wrestler (NJPW)

1967 – Nicholas Gillingham, British swimmer (world record 200m freestyle)

1967 – Olivia d’Abo, London England, actress (Wonder Years, Single Guy)

1967 – Ecaterina Szabo, Romanian gymnast

1969 – Christina Marie Leardini, St Petersburg Fla, playmate (Apr, 1991)

1969 – Shelley Sandie, Australian basketball guard (Olympics-88, 96)

1970 – Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist

1972 – Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan racing driver (d. 1999)

1975 – Lee Maxwell Francis Vertongen, Palmerston North NZ, cyclist (Oly-96)

1975 – Felipe Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver

1976 – Balthazar Getty, actor (Young Guns 2, Lord of the Flies)

1979 – Melanie Winiger, Miss Switzerland Universe (1997)

1980 – Ben Moody, American guitarist (Evanescence)

1981 – Willa Ford, American singer

 

 

 

1983 – Robert SteinhäuserGerman perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)

 

See Also :

Bremen school shooting
Cologne school massacre
Eppstein school shooting
Winnenden school shooting
Emsdetten school shooting
Ansbach school attack

 

 

 

1984 – Raica OliveiraBrazilian supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

1987 – Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian cross-country skier

 

 

Deaths

1336 – Louis III, last Earl of Loon, dies

1531 – Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter, dies at 44

1536 – Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)

1552 – Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, beheaded for treason

1640 – Erasmus Quellinus I, Flemish wood carver, dies at about 55

1767 – Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minterologist and geologist (b. 1719)

1779 – Claudius Smith, American Revolutionary War loyalist (b. 1736)

1779 – Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)

 

 

 

1798 – Lewis MorrisUS farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 71

 

 

 

 

 

1799 – Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58

1840 – Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)

1850 – Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint, dies at 54

 

 

 

1879 – Anthony DurnfordBritish coloneldies in Battle of Isandlwana

 

 

 

 

 

1879 – George Shepstone, British political affiliate, dies in battle

1892 – Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1813)

1909 – Richard A C E Erlenmeyer, German chemist, dies at 83

1921 – Captain George Streeter, American riverboat captain and circus owner (b. 1837)

1942 – Walter Richard Sickert, British painter (Free House!), dies at 81

1950 – Alan Hale, actor (Little John-Adv of Robin Hood), dies at 57

1951 – Karl Nessler, inventor of the perm (b. 1872)

1959 – Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (b. 1929)

 

 

 

1968 – Duke Kahanamoku100m swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-12, 20, 24), dies at 77

 

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Lyndon B Johnson, president (1963-69), dies at his Texas ranch at 64

1975 – Andrew George Burry, Swiss-born manufacturer and businessman (b. 1873)

1978 – Oliver Leese, British World War II general (b. 1894)

1979 – Ali Hassan Salameh, [Abu Hassan], killed by car bomb; believed to have helped mastermind massacre of 1972 Munich Olympics athletes

1985 – Sir Arthur Bryant, British historian (b. 1899)

1987 – R Budd Dwyer, Penns State Treasurer, facing prison for conspiracy & perjury, shot himself to death at a televised news conference

1988 – Georgi M Malenkov, Russian premier (1953-55), dies at 86

1994 – Irving B Kahn, inventer (teleprompter), dies at 76

1994 – Telly Savalas, actor (Kojak), dies of prostate cancer at 70

1995 – Mahmoud Sayed Selim, Egyptian moslim leader, shot to death at 29

1995 – Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, mother of pres JFK, RFK, & Ted, dies at 104

1996 – Edward Thomas, historian/intelligence expert, dies at 77

1996 – Yisrael Eldad, extremist politician, dies at 85

2000 – Craig Claiborne, American writer and editor (b. 1920)

2001 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (b. 1942)

2002 – Stanley Marcus, American business executive (b. 1905)

2003 – Bill Mauldin, American World War II cartoonist (b. 1921)

2004 – Billy May, American composer and musician (b. 1916)

2004 – Ann Miller, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)

2005 – Rose Mary Woods, American Watergate scandal figure (b. 1917)

2007 – Ngô Quang Trưởng, South Vietnamese general (b. 1929)

2008 – Heath Ledger, Australian actor (b. 1979)

2010 – Jean Simmons, English-American actress (b. 1929)

2012 – Joe Paterno, American College Hall of Fame football coach, dies from lung cancer at 85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

250 – St Fabian ends his reign as Catholic Pope (236-50)

820 – Book of mother, published

1045 – Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III

1156 – According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland.

1265 – 1st English Parliament called into session by Earl of Leicester

1320 – Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland

1356 – Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.

1502 – The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored.

1613 – Peace of Knarodends War of Kalmar between Denmark & Sweden

1778 – 1st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Mass

1785 – Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers

1801 – John Marshall appointed US chief justice

1809 – 1st US geology book published by William Maclure

1839 – In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.

1841 – China cedes Hong Kong to British

1850 – Investigator, 1st ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England

1869 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before Congress

1870 – “City of Boston” vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard

1870 – Hiram R Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis

1879 – British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana

1887 – US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor

1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.

1921 – British submarine K5 leaves with man & mouse

1921 – Turkey declared in remnants of Ottoman Empire

1930 – 1st radio broadcast of “Lone Ranger” (WXYZ-Detroit)

1937 – -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)

1939 – Hitler proclaims to German parliament to exterminate all European Jews

1942 – Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain

1942 – Japanese invade Burma

1942 – Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin deciding on “final solution” calling for extermination of Europe’s Jews

1943 – Lead SD, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F

1943 – Operation-Weiss: Assault of German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian

1944 – RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin

1945 – FDR sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as president

1945 – Hungary ends its involvement in the Second World War, agreeing to an armistice with the Allies.

1947 – Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA

1949 – J Edgar Hoover gives Shirley Temple a tear gas fountain pen

1949 – Pres Harry Truman announces his point 4 program

1952 – British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone

1953 – 1st live coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

1954 – -70°F (-57°C), Rogers Pass, Montana (US 48 state record)

 

 

 

1954 – 1st atomic subUSS Nautiluslaunched at Groton Conn ( Act. 1/21)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo

1965 – Beatles appear on Shindig (ABC-TV)

1965 – JPL proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return

1965 – Generalissimo Francisco Franco meets with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain

1968 – Houston ends UCLA’s 47-game basketball winning streak, 71-69

1968 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1969 – Richard M Nixon inaugurated as president

1970 – Super Fight, computer mock championship between Ali & Marciano

1977 – George Bush, ends term as 11th director of CIA

1977 – Mr Knoche, serves as acting director of CIA

1978 – Columbia Pictures pays $9.5 million for movie rights to “Annie”

1980 – President Jimmy Carter announces US boycott of Olympics in Moscow

1981 – 52 Americans held hostage in Iran for 444 days freed

1981 – Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), ends term as 12th director of CIA

1981 – Frank C Carlucci, ends term as deputy director of CIA

1981 – Ronald Reagan inaugurated as president

1982 – 7 miners killed in an explosion in Craynor Ky

1984 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners

1985 – Cold front strikes US, at least 40 die (-27°F (-33°C) in Chicago)

1985 – Superbowl XIX: SF 49ers beat Miami Dolphins, 38-16 in Stanford Superbowl MVP: Joe Montana, San Francisco, QB

1986 – 1st federal holiday honoring Martin Luther King Jr

1986 – Chunnel announced (railroad tunnel under Canal)

1986 – Milt coup in Lesotho under gen-mjr Lekhanya & premier Leabua Jonathan

1987 – Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite taken hostage in Beirut, Lebanon

1987 – Rhino Records 1st #1-Billy Vera & Beaters’ “At This Moment”

1988 – Andre Hoffman skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)

1988 – Arizona committee opens hearing on impeachment of Gov Evan Mecham

1989 – Bush inaugurated as 41st president & Quayle becomes 44th vice pres

1989 – Reagan becomes 1st pres elected in a “0” year, since 1840, to leave office alive

1990 – 47th Golden Globes: Born on 4th of July, Driving Miss Daisy win

1990 – US 64th manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) returns from space

1990 – Black January – crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.

1991 – US Patriot missiles begins shooting down Iraqi missiles

1991 – Matt Barr’s field goal with no time left gives NY Giant 15-13 Victory over defending champs SF 49ers, for NFC title

1991 – Sudan’s government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country’s Muslim north and Christian south.

1993 – Adm Studeman, serves as acting director of CIA

1993 – Bill Clinton inaugurated as 42nd president

1995 – Russian ruble drops to 3,947 per dollar (record)

1996 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Michelle Kwan

1997 – Comet Hale-Bopp crosses Mars’ orbit

1998 – Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inducts Mama & Papas & Eagles

1999 – The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use aimed especially at Internet cafés.

 

 

Births

225 – Gordian III, Roman Emperor (d. 244)

1292 – Elisabeth I of Bohemia (d. 1330)

1358 – Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)

1435 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (d. 1490)

1554 – King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)

1654 – Michiel de Swaen, South Netherland physician/poet

 

 

 

1732 – Richard Henry LeeUS farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

 

1775 – André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)

1798 – Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (d. 1858)

1812 – Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1812 – Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)

1813 – Jacon Gartner Lauman, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1820 – Anne Jemima Clough, England, promoted higher education for women

1837 – David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)

1847 – W R Pettiford, Founder (Alabama Penny Savings Bank)

1877 – Ruth St Denis, Newark NJ, ballerina (Dances of the 5 Senses)

1883 – Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces

1884 – A[braham P] Merritt, US, sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)

 

 

 

1888 – Lead Belly, Louisiana, blues 12 string guitarist (Rock Island Line), (d. 1949)(see UE Deaths 12/06)

 

Videos

 

 

 

1892 – Roscoe Ates, Grange Miss, actor (Dep Roscoe-Marshal of Gunsight Pass)

1893 – Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)

1893 – Georg Åberg, Swedish athlete (d. 1946)

1894 – Harold L Gray, creator (Little Orphan Annie)

 

 

 

1896 – George Burns, [Nathan Birnbaum], NYCactor/comedian (Oh God)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1898 – Colin Clive, [Greig], St Malo France, actor (Bride of Frankenstein)

1903 – Leon Ames, Portland Indiana, actor (Mr Ed, Father of the Bride)

1904 – Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician/grandson of Bakunin

1908 – Ian Peebles, cricketer (Scottish leg-spinner, England 1927-31)

1910 – Ennio Porrino, composer

1910 – Joy Adamson, naturalist/author (Born Free)

1912 – Christopher Casson, Irish actor (Zardoz, Educating Rita)

1912 – Walter Briggs, Jr., American sports executive (d. 1970)

1915 – Joe Hitchcock, darts player (leader of St Dunstan’s Four)

1916 – Walter Bartley, biochemist

1920 – DeForest Kelley, Atlanta GA, actor (Dr McCoy-Star Trek)

1920 – Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist

1920 – Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author and ski jumper (d. 2006)

1922 – Lord James Hanson, English industrialist/House of Lords (Conservative)

1922 – Ray Anthony, Penn, orchestra leader (Ray Anthony Show, Peter Gunn Theme)

1926 – Patricia Neal, Packard Ky, actress (Hud, Subject Was Roses), (d. 2010)

1928 – Martin Landau, Bkln NY, actor (Mission Impossible, Tucker, Space 1999)

1929 – Arte Johnson, Chicago Ill, comedian (Laugh-in, Don’t Call Me Charlie)

1929 – Bob Denard, French mercenary

 

 

 

1930 – Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin JrMontclair NJUSAF/astro (Gem 12, Ap 11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – Ron Townson, St Louis Mo, rock vocalist (5th Dimension-Up Up & Away)

1937 – Dorothy Provine, Deadwood SD, actress (Good Neighbor Sam, Darn Cat)

1939 – Nalin Chandra Wickramasinghe, Indian astronomer

1940 – Carol Heiss Jenkins, NYC, figure skater (Oly-gold/silver-56, 60)

1941 – Pierre Lalonde, Quebec singer and television host

1942 – Slim Whitman, yoddler/country singer (Home on the Range)

1945 – Eric Stewart, rock guitarist (10cc-I’m Not in Love)

1945 – Peter Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire

1946 – David Lynch, Missoula Montana, actor/director (Dune, Eraserhead)

1947 – George Grantham, rocker (Poco-Crazy Eyes)

1947 – Malcolm McLaren, founded rock group (Sex Pistols-God Save the Queen)

1947 – Ronald Townson, rock singer (5th Dimension-We Can Fly)

1948 – Jerry Ross, Ind, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (STS 61B, 27, 37, 55, 74,sk:88)

1948 – Melvyn Paul Pritchard, England, rocker (Barclay James Harvest)

 

 

 

1948 – Natan SharanskyRussian-born physicist and politician

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Ian Hill, bass guitarist (Judas Priest-Breakin the Law)

1952 – Paul Stanley, [Eisen], rock guitarist (KISS-Beth)

1955 – Joe Doherty, Ireland, IRA activist (jailed in US)

1956 – John McNally, Naha Okinawa, US rapid fire pistol (Oly-84, 88, 92, 96)

1956 – John Phillips Naber, Evanston Ill, swimmer (Olympic-4 gold/silver-76)

1958 – Lorenzo Lamas, LA California, actor (Lance-Falcon Crest, California Fever)

1964 – Victoria Sellers, London England, actress (Crime Zone, Warlords)

1964 – Kazushige Nojima, Japanese game scenario writer

1966 – Tracii Guns, rock guitarist (LA Guns-It’s Over Now)

1967 – Joe Pasquale, rocker (Prey)

 

 

 

1967 – Stacey DashBronx NYactress (Dionne-Clueless)

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Andre Romal Cason, Virginia Beach VA, 100m runner

1969 – Melissa Rivers, NYC, TV hostess (MTV, CBS Morning News)

1970 – Skeet Ulrich, actor (Scream)

1970 – Thomas “Tom” Murray, Buffalo NY, rower (Olympics-1996)

1974 – Calvin Harrison, Orlando Florida, 200m/400m runner

1975 – Norberto Fontana, Argentine racing driver

1977 – Paul “Goggo” Adams, cricketer (lefty very unorthodox bowler for S Afr)

1977 – Melody, Belgian singer

1978 – Sonja Kesselschläger, German heptathlete

1978 – Joy Giovanni, American actress and glamour model

1979 – Rob Bourdon, American musician (Linkin Park)

1980 – Philippe Cousteau Jr., Freanch oceanographer; grandson of Jacques Cousteau

1980 – Brigitte Olivier, Belgian judoka

1980 – Matthew Tuck, Welsh guitarist (Bullet for My Valentine)

1981 – Crystal Lowe, Canadian actress

1984 – Toni Gonzaga, Filipina Actress and Singer

 

 

 

Deaths

250 – Fabianus, Pope (236-50)/saint, dies

287 – St. Sebastian

820 – Muslim jurist Abu Abdallah M ibn Idris al-Sjafi’i, dies

842 – Theophilus, Byzantine kaiser (829-42), dies

882 – Louis II/III the Younger, German king (876-82), dies

1156 – Bishop Henry, patron saint of Finland

1191 – Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia (b. 1167)

1479 – John II, king of Aragon/Navarra, dies at 81

1666 – Anna of Austria, queen of France/daughter of Philip III, dies at 64

1739 – Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (b. 1659)

1779 – John Burman, Dutch botanist/director (botanical gardens), dies at 71

1810 – Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (b. 1722)

1819 – Carlos IV, King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70

1837 – John Soane, English architect (Book of Designs), dies at 84

1862 – Felix Zollicoffer, Gen killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines

1873 – The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)

1901 – Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (b. 1826)

1936 – George V, King of Britain (1910-36), dies at 70

1936 – King George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)

1940 – Omar Bundy, U.S. army general (b. 1861)

1947 – Josh Gibson, Negro League slugger, dies of a brain tumor at age 35

1949 – Josephus T J Cuypers, architect (Amsterdam Stock Exchange), dies at 87

1957 – James Connolly, 1st Oly winner (1896) since Barasdates (369 CE), dies

1959 – Carl Switzer, actor (Alfalfa-Our Gang), shot to death at 31

1965 – Alan Freed, DJ (Big Beat), dies at 42

1971 – Gilbert M Anderson, actor (1st Movie Cowboy), dies at 88

1982 – Marc Demeyer, Belgian cyclist (Paris-Brus 1974), dies at 31[or 1/19]

1984 – Johnny Weissmuller, US swimmer (Olympics-5 gold-1924, 28), dies at 79

1988 – Philippe de Rothschild, Bordeaux Vineyard manager, dies in Paris at 86

1989 – Beatrice Lillie, actress (Thoroughly Modern Millie), dies at 94

1990 – Barbara Stanwyck, [Ruby Stevens], actress (Big Valley), dies at 82

1991 – Bill Riordon, US tennis promotor (Jimmy Connors), dies

1993 – Audrey Hepburn, actress (Roman Holiday), dies of colon cancer at 63

1996 – Buster Benton, singer/guitarist, dies at 63

1996 – Gerald Joseph Mulligan, baritone saxophonist/composer, dies at 68

1997 – Curt Flood, centerfielder (Cards), dies of throat cancer at 59

1997 – Edith Haisman, the oldest survivor of Titanic, dies at 100

1997 – Vladimir Yamnikov, owner (Kristall vodka), dies of cirrhosis at 56

1998 – Bobo Brazil, American professional wrestler (b. 1924)

2003 – Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (b. 1903)

2005 – Miriam Louisa Rothschild, British zoologist, entomologist, and author (b. 1908)

2009 – David “Fathead” Newman , American jazz musician  (b. 1933)

 

 

 

2012 – John F Baker JnrUnited States Army Master Sergeant and Medal of Honor recipient dies at 66

 

 

 

 

Navy Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

2012 – Etta James, American singer, dies from leukaemia at 73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

379 – Theodosius installed as co-emperor of East Roman Empire

973 – Pope Benedictus VI elected

1419 – French city of Rouen surrenders to Henry V in Hundred Years War

1493 – France cedes Roussillon & Cerdagne to Spain by treaty of Barcelona

1511 – Mirandola surrenders to the French.

1520 – Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden, was mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund.

1607 – San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; it is currently the oldest church in the Philippines

1746 – Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Stirling [OS= Jan 8]

1770 – Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan)

1785 – First manned balloon flight in Ireland

1793 – French King Louis XVI sentenced to death

1795 – Democratic revolution in Amsterdam ends oligarchy

1806 – Britain occupies Cape of Good Hope

1808 – Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law

1810 – Overnight temp at Portsmouth NH drops 50°F (10°C)

1812 – Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.

1839 – Aden conquered by British East India Company

1840 – Antarctica discovered, Charles Wilkes expedition (US claim)

1861 – Georgia becomes 5th state to secede

1861 – MS troops take Ft Massachusetts an Ship Island

1862 – Battle of Mill Springs, KY (Fishing Creek, Logan’s Crossroads)

1865 – Union occupies Fort Anderson, NC

1871 – 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey

1883 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.

1885 – Battle at Abu Klea Sudan: 800-1000 killed

1886 – Aurora Ski Club, 1st in US, founded in Minnesota

1898 – Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game

1903 – New bicycle race “Tour de France” announced

1910 – National Institute of Arts & Letters incorporated by Congress

1915 – 1st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die

1915 – Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude

1917 – Silvertown Essex’s ammunition factory explodes; 300 die

1918 – Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.

1920 – US Senate votes against membership in League of Nations

1922 – Geological survey says US oil supply would be depleted in 20 years

1925 – -48°F (-44°C), Van Buren, Maine (state record)

1927 – British government decides to send troops to China

1929 – Acadia National Park, Maine established

1935 – Coopers Inc. sells the world’s first briefs.

1937 – Cy Young, Tris Speaker & Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1937 – Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h28m25s)

1938 – General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines

1939 – Ernest Hausen of Wisconsin sets chicken-plucking record-4.4 sec

1941 – British offensive in Eritrea

1941 – British troops occupies Kassalaf Sudan

1942 – Japanese forces invade Burma

1942 – Titus Brandsma arrested by German occupiers

1943 – Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily

1947 – SS Himera runs aground at Athens, kills 392

1949 – Cuba recognises Israel.

1950 – Maiden flight by Canada’s Avro Canada CF-100 military plane

1955 – “Millionaire” TV program premieres on CBS

1955 – “Scrabble” debuts on board game market

1960 – Eisenhower & Premier Kishi sign US-Japanese Security pact

1961 – 1st episode for “Dick Van Dyke Show” is filmed

1970 – Nixon nominates G Harold Carswell to Supreme Court (fails)

1970 – UCLA fires Angela Davis for being a communist

1971 – Beatles’ “Helter Skelter” is played at Charles Manson trial

1972 – Sandy Koufax, Yogi Berra, & Early Wynn elected to Hall of Fame

1974 – Notre Dame beats UCLA, ends NCAA-record 88-game basketball win streak

1975 – 4 mail truck assault on El Al B-747 in Paris, escape to Iraq

1977 – Ernie Banks elected to Hall of Fame

1977 – Pres Ford pardons Iva Toguri D’Aquino (Tokyo Rose)

1977 – World’s largest crowd-12.7 million-for Indian religious festival

1977 – Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the history of the city that snowfall has occurred. It also fell in the Bahamas.

1978 – Judge William H Webster appointed head of FBI

1978 – The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW’s plant in Emden. Beetle production in Latin America would continue until 2003.

1979 – John N Mitchell (former AG) released on parole from federal prison

1981 – Muhammad Ali talks a despondent 21 year old out of committing suicide

1981 – US & Iran sign agreement to release 52 American hostages

1982 – Heater explodes at Star Elementary School-Oklahoma, kills 6 kids & teacher

1983 – Klaus BarbieSS chief of Lyon in Nazi-Francearrested in Bolivia

1984 – Francesco Moser bicycles world record time: 50,808 km

1984 – California Supreme Court rejects quadriplegic Elizabeth Bouvia, who wants to starve herself to death in a public hospital

1985 – “Born In The USA” by Bruce Springsteen peaked at #9

1986 – Spain recognizes Israel

1987 – Guy Hunt becomes Alabama’s 1st Republican governor since 1874

1991 – Eastern Airlines shuts down operation

1991 – Jumbo Tsuruta beats Stan Hansen to win All Japan Triple Crown title

1991 – Sgt Slaughter defeats Ultimate Warrior for WWF championship belt

1992 – IBM announces a nearly $5B loss for 1992

1992 – Rowdy Roddy Piper beats Mountie to become WWF Intercontinental Champ

1993 – Israel recognizes PLO as no longer criminal

1993 – Robert M Gates, ends term as 15th director of CIA

1994 – -20°F (-29°C) (5:32 AM) coldest day ever recorded in Cleveland Ohio

1994 – -36°F (-38°C) in New Whiteland, Indiana (state record)

2006 – The New Horizons probe is launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.

2006 – Terrorist blows himself up in Tel Aviv, killing only himself but injuring 20 people, one of them seriously.

2007 – Armenian Journalist Hrant Dink assassinated in front of his newspaper’s office by 17 year old Turkish ultranationalist Ogün Samast.

2012 – FBI shuts down Megaupload.com for alleged copyright infringement, hacker group Anonymous responds by attacking government and entertainment industry websites

Births

399 – Pulcheria, Byzantine empress (d. 453)

570 – Mohammed, Islamic prophet (Koran)

1200 – Dogen Kigen, Japan, Zen teacher, 1st patriarch of the Japanese Soto

1544 – Francis II de Valois-Angouleme, king of France (1559-60)

1639 – Noel Alexandre, French theologian/historian

1686 – Hakuin Ekakuborn, Japan, Zen Buddhist

1736 – James WattScotlandinventor (steam engine)

1739 – Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect (d. 1808)

1749 – Isaiah Thomas, US, printer/editor/publisher/historian

1752 – James Morris III, American army officer (d. 1820)

1807 – Robert E LeeStratford VirginiaAmerican Confederate General in Chief, (d. 1870)

1808 – Lysander SpoonerAmerican philosopher (d. 1887)

1809 – Edgar Allan Poe, Boston, author (Pit & the Pendulum)

1813 – Henry Bessemer, engineer/inventor (Bessemer engine)

1816 – Henry Gray, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1892

1820 – John Haskell King, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1888

1830 – George Blake Cosby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1909

1837 – William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)

1839 – Paul Cézanne, French painter (d. 1906)

1848 – John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)

1851 – David Starr Jordan, NY, biologist/university pres (Leland Stanford)

1851 – Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer

1859 – Alice Eastwood, Toronto, botanist (Handbook of Trees of California)

1877 – Charles Coburn, Savannah Ga, actor (Devil & Miss Jones)

1887 – Alexander Woollcott, NJ, short story writer (Man Who Came to Dinner)

1892 – Olafur Thors, Icelandic PM (6 times, 1942-63)

1904 – James Winston Watts, developer (Frontal Lobotomy)

1905 – Anne Schumacher Hummert, radio pioneer

1905 – Oveta Culp Hobby, government official/newspaper publisher/CEO (Houston Post)

1906 – Ish Kabbible, [Merwyn Bogue], Penns, comedian (Kay Kyser’s Kollege)

1908 – Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)

1912 – Leonid V Kantorovich, St Petersburg Russia, economist (Nobel)

1913 – “Minnesota Fats”, American billiards player (d. 1996)

1914 – Lester Flatt, country musician (Flatt and Scruggs)

1914 – Bob Gerard, British racing driver (d. 1990)

1915 – Alvy West, Bkln NY, orchestra leader (Andy Williams Show)

1917 – John Raitt, Bonnie Raitt’s father/singer/actor (Pajama Game)

1918 – John H Johnson, US, publisher (Negro Digest, Ebony, Jet)

1921 – Patricia Highsmith, [Plangman], US/Swiss writer (Strangers on a Train)

1921 – “Billy Batts” Devino, American gangster (d. 1970)

1922 – Ken Hughes, Liverpool England, director (Casino Royale)

1923 – Jean Stapleton, NYC, actress (Damn Yankees, Klute, All in the Family)

1923 – Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)

1924 – 7th earl of Carnarvon, English large landowner

1924 – Nicholas Colasanto, Providence RI, actor (Coach Ernie-Cheers)

1926 – Fritz Weaver, Pitts Pa, actor (Josef-Holocaust, Day of the Dolphin)

1930 – John Waite, cricket wicket-keeper (great South African)

1931 – Robert MacNeil, Montreal, news anchor (NBC Weekend News, 1965-67)

1932 – Richard Lester, movie director (Hard Day’s Night, Help!, Petulia)

1935 – Tippi Hedren, Minnesota, actress (The Birds, Marnie, Bold & Beautiful)

1938 – Phil Everly, Brownie Ky, singer (Everly Bros-Wake Up Little Susie)

1942 – Michael Crawford, England, Broadway star (Phantom of the Opera)

1942 – Shelly Fabares, Santa Monica California, actress (Donna Reed Show, Coach)

1943 – Janis Joplin, Port Arthur Tx, bluesy rock singer (Down on Me)

1944 – Dan Reeves, NFL Coach (NY Giants, Denver Broncos, Atlanta Falcons)

1944 – Richard  LeakeyNairobi Kenyaanthropologist

1944 – Peter Lynch, American investor

1945 – Rod Evans, rocker (Deep Purple-Come Taste the Band)

1946 – Dolly Parton, Sevierville Tn, country singer (Dolly, 9 to 5)

1946 – Julian Barnes, England, writer (Before She Met Me)

1947 – Ann Compton, news reporter (ABC TV)

1947 – Paula Deen, American chef and restaurateur

1949 – Robert Palmer, Batley England, singer (Power Station)

1952 – Dewey Bunell, Yorkshire England, rock guitarist (America-Daisy Jane)

1953 – Desi Arnaz Jr, LA California, actor (Craig-Here’s Lucy, Fakeout, Joyride)

1954 – Katey Sagal, Los Angeles, California, singer/actress (Peggy Bundy-Married With Children)

1955 – Paul Rodriguez, Mexican-born actor and comedian

1956 – Carman Licciardello, American Christian singer

1957 – Mickael Virtue, rock keyboardist (UB40-Red Red Wine)

1957 – Ottis “O J” Anderson, NFL running back (NY Giants)

1958 – Thomas Kinkade, Sacramento, California, artist, (d. 2012)

1960 – Alfrederick Joyner, E St Louis Ill, triple jumper (Olympic-gold-1984)

1961 – William Ragsdale, AK, actor (Fright Night, Mannequin 2, Smooth Talk)

1962 – Chris Sabo, Detroit Michigan, third baseman (Cincinnati Reds, Baltimore Orioles)

1962 – Hans Daams, Dutch cyclist

1964 – Janine Antoni, Bahamian artist

1964 – Ricardo Arjona, Guatemalan singer

1966 – Lena Philipsson, Swedish singer

1968 – Whitfield Crane, rocker (Ugly Kid Joe-Mad Man, Too Bad)

1969 – Andrew Murray Stone, Auckland NZ, Open 470 yachter (Olympics-96)

1969 – Junior Seau, NFL inside linebacker (San Diego Chargers), (d. 2012)

1970 – Udo Suzuki, Japanese comedian

1971 – Reggie Brooks, NFL running back (Washington Redskins)

1971 – Shawn Wayans, actor (In Living Color)

1972 – Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family

1973 – Drea de Matteo, American actress

1973 – Aaron Yonda, YouTube celebrity

1975 – Natalie Harvey, Australian 3k/5k runner (Olympics-96)

1976 – Sky Christopherson, Tucson Ariz, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1976 – Tarso Marques, Brazilian racing driver

1977 – Nicole, Chilean singer

1977 – Cocco, Ryukyuan singer

1979 – Svetlana Khorkina, Russian gymnast

1979 – Wiley, English Rapper (Grime)

1980 – Jenson ButtonEnglish Formula One driver

1980 – Kotoko, Japanese Singer

1982 – Jodie Sweetin, actress (Stephanie Tanner-Full House)

1984 – Karun Chandhok, Indian racing driver

1985 – Esteban Guerrieri, Argentine racing driver

1992 – Shawn Johnson, American Gymnastics Champion

1993 – John Bouvier Kennedy Schlossberg, son of Caroline Kennedy

Deaths

639 – Dagobert I, king of Austrasia/Soissons/Burgundy/Neustrië, dies

1479 – Johan II, king of Aragon/Navarra, dies at 81

1547 – Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, army commander/poet, beheaded at 29

1549 – Barthout van Assendelft, 1st land advocate of Holland, dies

1625 – Erhard Buttner, composer, dies at 32

1629 – Abbas I, Shah of Persia (1588-1629), dies at 57

1647 – Johan van Beverwijck, physician (Treas of Ongesontheyt), dies at 52

1661 – Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (b. 1799)

1692 – John Commelin, director of Hortus Botanist (Amsterdam), dies at 62

1729 – William Congreve, English dramatist (Love for Love), dies at 58

1747 – Johann Bode, “discoverer” of Bode’s Law, dies

1865 – Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)

1878 – Henri V Regnault, French physicist/chemist, dies at 67

1885 – Fred Burnaby, English colonel/balloon pioneer, dies in battle

1927 – Empress Carlotta of Mexico (b. 1840)

1929 – Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (b. 1873)

1948 – Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)

1954 – Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (b. 1885)

1957 – József Dudás, Romanian/Hungarian resistance fighter (b. 1912)

1975 – Thomas Hart BentonAmerican painter dies at 85 (b. 1889)

1976 – Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (b. 1886)

1977 – Geraldine Brooks, actress (Faraday & Co, Dumplings), dies at 51

1980 – William O Douglas, member US Supreme court (1939-75), dies at 81

1982 – Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy (WW II), dies at 77

1990 – Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, indian guru, dies at 58

1993 – Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo), dies at 72

1993 – Reginald Lewis, CEO (Beatrice), dies of brain cancer at 50

1997 – James Dickey, poet/novelist, dies at 84

1998 – Carl Perkins, singer/songwriter, dies at 65

2000 – Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1934)

2000 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian-born actress (b. 1913)

2006 – Wilson Pickett, American singer (b. 1941)

2007 – Scott “Bam Bam” Bigelow, American professional wrestler (b. 1961)

2007 – Denny Doherty, Canadian singer (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1940)

2008 – Suzanne PleshetteAmerican actress (b. 1937)

2008 – John Stewart, American musician (The Kingston Trio) (b. 1939)

2010 – Jennifer Lyon American reality television personality (Survivor) (b. 1972)

2011 – Ernest McCulloch, stem cell research pioneer (b. 1926)

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

336 – St Mark elected Catholic Pope

350 – General Maxentius drives out Western Roman emperor Constans

474 – Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor.

532 – Nika uprising at Constantinople fails, 30-40,000 die

1126 – Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Emperor Qinzong.

1307 – German king Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf king of Bohemia

1478 – Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod

1520 – Christian II of Denmark & Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunde

 

 

 

1535 – Francisco Pizarro founds the city of LimaPeru

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1591 – King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, for which this date is now observed marked as Royal Thai Armed Forces day.

 

 

 

1671 – Pirate Henry Morgan defeats Spanish defenderscaptures Panama

 

 

 

 

 

1733 – 1st polar bear exhibited in America (Boston)

1777 – San Jose California, founded

1778 – Capt James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)

1788 – The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to setup a penal colony

1817 – San Martin leads a revolutionary army over Andes

1840 – Electro-Magnetic Intelligencer, 1st US electrical journal, appears

1850 – British blockade Piraeus, Greece to enforce mercantile claims

 

 

 

1854 – Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – American Civil War – Georgia joins South Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, and Alabama in seceding from the United States.

1862 – Confederate Territory of Arizona forms

 

 

 

1865 – Battle of Ft MoultrieSC

 

 

 

 

 

1884 – General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum

1884 – Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.

1886 – Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.

1896 – 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)

1911 – 1st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)

1912 – English explorer Robert F Scott & his expedition reach South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten there before

1916 – A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.

1919 – Bentley Motors Limited is founded.

1929 – “NY Daily Mirror” columnist Walter Winchell debuts on radio

1929 – Stalin proposes to ban Trotsky from the Politburo

1930 – -27°F (-33°C), Watts, Oklahoma (state record)

1933 – White Sands National Monument, NM established

1942 – Nazi’s arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman

1943 – Presliced bread sale banned to reduce bakery demand for metal parts

1943 – Soviets announce they broke long Nazi siege of Leningrad

1943 – US rations bread & metal

1944 – 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

1944 – The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

1945 – Warsaw freed by Soviet army

1947 – Small river steamer sank on Yangtze River, kills 400

1948 – Ted Mack’s “Original Amateur Hour” begins, DuMont (later NBC/ABC/CBS)

1955 – Battle of Yijiangshan occurred.

1957 – 3 B-52’s set record for around-the-world flight, 45 hr 19 min

1962 – Southern University closed due to demonstrations

1962 – US begins spraying foliage in Vietnam to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas

1964 – Beatles 1st appear on Billboard Chart (I Want to Hold Your Hand-#35)

1964 – Plans for World Trade Center announced (NYC)

1966 – Robert C Weaver, confirmed as 1st black cabinet member (HUD)

 

 

 

1967 – Albert DeSalvo (Boston Stranglersentenced to life in prison

 

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – Yellowknife replaces Ottawa as capital of NW Territories, Canada

1971 – Ivan Koloff beats Bruno Sammartino in NY, to become WWF champ

1973 – John Cleese’s final episode on “Monty Python’s Flying Circus,” on BBC

1974 – “$6 Million Man” starring Lee Majors premieres on ABC TV

1975 – “Jeffersons” spinoff from “All in the Family” premieres on CBS

1976 – Superbowl X: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 21-17 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Lynn Swann, Pittsburgh, WR

1977 – Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires’ disease.

1978 – Roof of 3-yr-old Civic Center in Hartford, Ct collapses (no injuries)

1978 – Thiokol conducts 2nd test firing of space shuttle’s SRB

1979 – Peter Jenkins finishes “A Walk Across America,” Florence Oregon

1980 – Gold reaches $1,000 an oz

1980 – Pink Floyd’s “Wall” hits #1

1980 – Studio 54 owners Steve Rubell & Ian Schrager sentenced to 3½ years in prison for tax evasion & fined $20,000

1981 – Iran accepts US offer of $7.9 billion in frozen assets

1981 – Wendy O Williams arrested in Milwaukee for on-stage obscenity

1983 – IOC restores Jim Thorpe’s Olympic medals 70 years after they were taken from him for being paid $25 in semipro baseball

1986 – 24th Space Shuttle (61-C) Mission-Columbia 7-returns to Earth

1989 – Astronomers discover pulsar in remnants of Supernova 1987A (LMC)

1989 – IBM announces earnings up 10.4% in 1988

1990 – Wash DC, Mayor Marion Barry arrested in drug enforcement sting

1991 – Iraq launches SCUD missiles against Israel

1991 – US acknowledges CIA & US Army paid Noriega $320,000 over his career

1991 – Longest tennis match at the Australian Open, Boris Becker beats Italy’s Omar Camporese in 5 hours & 11 mins

1991 – Eastern Air Lines goes out of business after 62 years, citing financial problems.

1993 – Martin Luther King Jr holiday observed in all 50 states for 1st time

1994 – The Cando event, a possible bolide impact in Cando, Spain. Witnesses claim to have seen a fireball in the sky lasting for almost one minute.

1996 – Lisa Marie Presley files for divorce from Michael Jackson in NY

1997 – In north west Rwanda, Hutu militia members kill 3 Spanish aid workers, 3 soldiers and seriously wound one other.

1998 – Boston Celtics retire Robert Parrish’s #00

2000 – The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth.

2002 – Sierra Leone Civil War was finally declared over.

2003 – A bushfire kills 4 people and destroys more than 500 homes in Canberra, Australia.

2007 – The strongest storm in the United Kingdom in 17 years kills 14 people, Germany sees the worst storm since 1999 with 13 deaths. Hurricane Kyrill, causes at least 44 deaths across 20 countries in Western Europe. Other losses include the Container Ship MSC Napoli destroyed by the storm off the coast of Devon, England.

2012 – Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) blackout becomes the largest protest in the history of the internet

 

 

 

Births

885 – Daigo, Emperor of Japan (d. 930)

1519 – Isabella Jagiełło, queen of Hungary (d. 1559)

1543 – Alfonso Ferrabosco, composer

1641 – Francois Michel le Tellier, French statesman (Marquis de Louvois)

1657 – Hendrik Casimir II, Dutch Fieldmarshal (Nassau)

1688 – Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1765)

 

 

 

1689 – Charles de MontesquieuFrancephilosopher/writer (Letters Persanes)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1779 – Peter Roget, thesaurus fame/inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard)

 

 

 

1782 – Daniel WebsterSalisbury NHorator/politician/lawyer, (d. 1852)

 

 

 

 

 

1809 – Richard Caswell Gatlin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896

1813 – Joseph Farwell Glidden, inventor (1st coml useable barbed wire)

1815 – James Chesnut Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885

1815 – Richard Yates Gov, MC (Union), died in 1873

1820 – Abraham Buford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1884

1831 – Edward Ferrero, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899

1835 – Caesar A Cui, Vilna Lithuania, fort architect/composer

1842 – Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (d. 1911)

1848 – Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer (d. 1925)

1849 – Edmund Barton, 1st PM of Australia (1900-03)

1854 – Thomas A Watson, needed by Bell, inventor assistant (Telephone)

1857 – Otto von Below, German commandant (WW I)

1858 – Daniel Williams, Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, surgeon (1st open heart operation), (d. 1931)

1861 – Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist

1877 – Samuel Zemurray, U.S. businessman (d.1961)

1879 – Henri Giraud, French general (d. 1949)

1880 – Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist (adiabates hypothesis)

1882 – Alan Alexander Milne, English author (Winnie-the-Pooh)

1882 – Jacob Clay, Dutch philospher/phyicist (Mesones)

1882 – Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist

1892 – Oliver Hardy, Harlem Ga, comedy team member (Laurel & Hardy)

1892 – Paul Rostock, German surgeon (d. 1956)

1901 – Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1973)

 

 

 

1904 – Cary GrantEnglandactor (Arsenic & Old LaceNorth by Northwest)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1904 – Henri-Georges Adam, French etcher/painter/sculptor (Grand Nude)

1904 – Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordionist (d. 2006)

1905 – Joseph Bonanno, Italian-born gangster (d. 2002)

1908 – Jacob Bronowsky, British mathematician/cultural historian

1913 – Danny Kaye, Bkln NY, UNICEF/comedian/actor (Danny Kaye Show)

1916 – James Crow, Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, geneticist and influential educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), (d. 2012)

1918 – Ton Brandsteder, CEO/founder (Sony Nederland)

1918 – Gustave Gingras, French Canadian physician (d. 1996)

1921 – Bruce Woodcock, boxer

1921 – Robert Glaser, Providence, Rhode Island, educational psychologist (National Assessment of Educational Progress), (d. 2012)

1922 – Bob Bell, American clown (d. 1997)

1925 – Gilles Deleuze, philosopher

1925 – Roepie Kruize, Dutch field hockey player (Olympic-Bronze-48/Silver-52)

1932 – Robert Anton Wilson, US, sci-fi author (Trick Top Hat)

1933 – John Boorman, producer/dir (Exorcist II, Deliverance, Zardoz)

1933 – Vladimir Yevgrafovich Bugrov, cosmonaut

1935 – Raymond Briggs, English author (Fungus the Bogeyman)

1938 – Curt Flood, American baseball player (d. 1997)

1940 – Pedro Rodriguez, Mexican racing driver (d. 1971)

1941 – Bobby Goldsboro, Marianna Fla, singer (Honey)

1941 – David Ruffin, Miss, vocalist (Temptations-Papa Was a Rolling Stone)

1941 – Denise Bombardier, Quebec journalist, television host and novelist

1943 – Dave Greene, rocker

1943 – Kay Granger, American politician

1944 – Larry “Legs” Smith, rocker (Bonzo Dog Band-Urban Spaceman)

1949 – Philippe Starck, French designer

1950 – Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian auto racer

 

 

 

1950 – John Hughesdirector (Breakfast Club16 CandlesWeird Science)

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – R. Stevie Moore, American singer, songwriter, and home recording pioneer

1952 – Michael Behe, American advocate of Intelligent Design

1955 – Kevin Costner, Los Angeles California, American actor (Fandango, Silverado, Bull Durham)

1955 – Mable Fergerson, LA California, 4x400m runner (Olympic-silver-1972)

1961 – Mark D Messier, Edmonton Alberta, NHL Center (Edmonton, NY Rangers)

1962 – David O’Connor, equestrian 3-day (Olympics-silver-96)

1963 – Jane Horrocks, Lancashire England, actress (Absolutely Fabulous)

1963 – Yury Zakharevich, Soviet weightlifter

1964 – Brady Anderson, Silver Spring MD, outfielder (Baltimore Orioles)

1964 – Jenny Holliday, Australian softball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)

1966 – André Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver

1967 – Kim Perrot, WNBA guard (Houston Comets)

1967 – M C Tab, [Sharon Richard], NYC, rapper

1967 – Peter Cox Jr, Bronxville NY, fencer-sabre (Olympics-96)

1971 – Jonathan Davis, American singer (KoЯn)

 

 

 

1971 – Christian FittipaldiBrazilian racecar driver

 

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Crispian Mills, London, vocalist/guitarist (Kula Shaker)

1982 – Joanna Newsom, American harpist

1983 – Samantha Mumba, Irish singer and actress

1984 – Kristy Lee Cook, American Idol 7 cast member

1984 – Michael Kearney, American child prodigy

1985 – Dale Begg-Smith, Australian freestyle skier

1985 – Minnisha Lamba, Indian Actress and Model

 

 

Deaths

52 BC – Publius Clodius Pulcher (murdered) (b. 93 BC)

474 – Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 401)

1367 – Pedro I, king of Portugal (1357-67), dies at 46

1425 – Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician (b. 1391)

1471 – Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (b. 1419)

1479 – Louis IX, the Rich, duke of Bayern (U of Ingolstadt), dies at 61

1586 – Margaret of Austria, regent of The Netherlands (b. 1522)

1659 – Benedikt Lechler, composer, dies at 64

1664 – Moses Amyraut, French theologian (b. 1596)

1677 – John A van Riebeeck, Dutch founder Cape Colony, dies at 57

1760 – Claudio Casciolini, composer, dies at 62

1769 – Hakuin Ekaku, Zen teacher (reformer of Rinzai school), dies in Japan

1854 – Juda Turo, American philanthropist, dies

 

 

 

1862 – John Tyler10th US pres (1841-45), dies in Richmond Va at 71

 

 

 

 

 

1878 – Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist (b. 1788)

 

 

 

1936 – Rudyard Kipling, author (Gunga Din, Nobel 1907), dies at 70(see UE Births 12/30)

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Curly HowardAmerican actor and comedian (b. 1903)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Sydney Greenstreet, actor (Conflict, Maltese Falcon), dies at 74

1967 – Harry Antrim, actor (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies of heart attack at 83

1968 – Bert Wheeler, actor (Rainmakers, High Flyers, Dixiana), dies at 72

1976 – Ad Verhoeven, soccer player (Xerxes, Sparta), dies in crash [or 1/17]

1978 – Carl Betz, actor (Alex Stone-Donna Reed Show), dies at 56

1978 – Walter H. Thompson, English Scotland Yard detective, bodyguard of Winston Churchill (b. 1890)

1982 – Trent Lehman, actor (Butch-Nanny & the Professor), dies at 20

1984 – Malcolm H Kerr, 9th pres of American U of Beirut, shot dead

1985 – Mahmoud Taha, Sudanese Moslem leader, hanged at 76

1990 – Melanie Appleby, rocker (Mel & Kim), dies of liver cancer at 23

1990 – Rusty Hamer, American actor (b. 1947)

1991 – Hamilton Fish, congressman (NY), dies at 102

1991 – Lillian Bond, actress (Air Mail, Pick-up, Blond Cheat), dies at 83

1991 – Nita Krebs, actor (Munchkin-Wizard of Oz), dies of heart attack at 85

1993 – Mike Templeton, 2nd person to receive a heart pump, dies at 34

1995 – Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939), dies at 91

 

 

 

1996 – Minnesota Fats, [Rudolf Wanderone Jr], billiard hustlerdies at 82

 

 

 

 

 

1997 – Neville Crump, racehorse trainer, dies at 86

2000 – Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (b. 1897)

2003 – Edward “The Sheik” Farhat, American professional wrestler (b. 1926)

2007 – Brent Liles, American musician (Agent Orange/Social Distortion) (b. 1963)

2008 – Georgia Frontiere, American football team owner (b. 1927)

2011 – Sargent Shriver, American politician (b. 1915)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1287 – King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca

1377 – Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.

1501 – Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna

1524 – Beginning of Giovanni da Verrazzano’s voyage to find a passage to China.

1562 – Edict of St Germain recognizes Huguenots in France

1595 – French King Henri IV declares war on Spain

1605 – First publication of Don Quixote.

1656 – Brandenburg & Sweden sign Treaty of Königsberg

1718 – Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53

1746 – Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces.

 

 

 

1773 – Capt James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33′ S)

 

 

 

 

 

1775 – 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol

1779 – Capt Cooks last notation in ship’s log Discovery

1799 – Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, was executed.

1821 – Mexico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas

1827 – Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander

1852 – British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)

1861 – Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)

1862 – -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington

1863 – Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia

1864 – General Longstreet’s command ends heavy fighting at Dandridge TN

1871 – 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)

1873 – A group of Modoc warriors defeat the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.

1874 – Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction

 

 

 

1885 – Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan

 

 

 

 

 

1893 – -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)

1899 – US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific

1911 – Failed assassination attempt on premier Briand in French Assembly

1912 – Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen

1915 – Antoni van Leeuwenhoek’s Hospital in Amsterdam opens

1916 – Professional Golfer Association (PGA) forms in NYC

1917 – US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)

1928 – 1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented

1929 – Popeye makes 1st appearance, in comic strip “Thimble Theater”

1934 – Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated

1944 – Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean

1945 – Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation

1945 – Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work

1945 – Liberation of Warsaw by Soviet troops (end of Nazi occupation)

 

 

 

1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenbergcredited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazisarrested by secret police in Hungary

 

 

 

 

 

1946 – United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting

1947 – Muiden Neth ammunition factory explodes, 16 die

1948 – Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC

1949 – The Goldbergs, the first sitcom on American television, first airs.

1950 – The Great Brinks Robbery – 11 men rob $1.2M cash & $1.5M securities from armored car company Brink’s offices in Boston, Massachusetts

1955 – Submarine Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage

1957 – 9-county commission recommends creation of BART

1961 – Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo’s Lumumba

1961 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the “military-industrial complex”.

1962 – A NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690 m

1963 – Joe Walker takes X-15 to altitude of 82 km

1963 – Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 67 points vs LA

1966 – Martin Luther King Jr opens campaign in Chicago

1968 – Soyuz 4 & 5 completed 1st docking of 2 manned spacecraft

1969 – Beatles release Yellow Submarine album in UK

1969 – Debut album of Led Zeppelin released in US

1970 – 357 baseball players are available in the free-agent draft

1970 – Sporting News names Willie Mays as Player of the Decade for the 1960s

1971 – Super Bowl V: Balt Colts-16, Dallas Cowboys-13 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Chuck Howley, Dallas, LB

1972 – Section of Memphis’ Highway 51 South renamed Elvis Presley Blvd

1979 – Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi flees Iran

1980 – NASA launches Fltsatcom-3

1981 – Philippino president Marcos ends state of siege

1982 – “Cold Sunday” in the United States would see temperatures fall to their lowest levels in over 100 years in numerous cities.

1983 – Alabama Gov George C Wallace, becomes governor for record 4th time

1983 – Nigeria expels 2 million illegal aliens, mostly Ghanaians

1984 – Supreme Court rules (5-4) oks private use of home VCRs to tape TV programs for later viewing does not violate federal copyright laws

1987 – Pres Reagan signs secret order permitting covert sale of arms to Iran

1989 – Gunman opens fire in California schoolyard; 5 students slain, 30 wounded

1989 – Murden & Metz are 1st women to reach South Pole overland (on skis)

1990 – 5th Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Awards: Bobby Darin

1990 – Who, Simon & Garfunkel, 4 Seasons, 4 Tops, Hank Ballard, Platters & Kinks inducted into Cleveland’s Rock & Roll Hall of Fame

1991 – Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles on Israel

1991 – Operation Desert Storm: 1st US pilot shot down (Jeffrey Zahn)

1991 – Harald V becomes King of Norway on the death of his father, Olav V.

1993 – Russian Irina Privalova cycles world record 300m indoor (35.45″)

1994 – 6.6 Earthquake hits Los Angeles killing 60, $30B in damage

1995 – 7.2 earthquake destroys Kobe Japan (5,372 die)

1995 – Australia beat Australia A 2-0 to win the World Series Cup

1998 – Pres Clinton faces sexual harrament charges from Paula Jones

2002 – Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.

2010 –  Penang dragon boat accident occurs in Penang, Malaysia

 

 

 

Births

1342 – Philip, the Bold, duke of Burgundy

1463 – Frederick III, the Wise, elector of Saxony (1486-25), protector Luther

1484 – George Spalatin, German reformer (d. 1545)

1501 – Leonhard Fuchs, Germany, botanist (History of Plants)

1504 – Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri] saint, pope (1566-72)

1560 – Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (d. 1624)

1612 – Thomas Fairfax, Lord Fairfax, English Parliamentary general

1683 – Gerard van Loon, Dutch historian

1686 – Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)

 

 

 

1706 – Benjamin FranklinBoston, Mass., kite flyer/statesman/wit/inventor, (d. 1790)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1719 – William Vernon, American merchant (d. 1806)

1732 – Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)

1759 – Paul Cuffe, Mass, merchant/shipbuilder/black nationalist

1761 – James Hall, Scotland, geologist

1771 – Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)

1806 – James Madison Randolph, (Jefferson’s grandson) 1st born in White House

1828 – Lewis Addison Grant, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1918

1851 – A. B. Frost, American illustrator (d. 1928)

1863 – David Lloyd George, (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)

1863 – Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)

1864 – Lucien Herr, France, scientist (Corresp entre Schiller et Schiller)

1865 – Gen Sir Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1951)

1871 – David Earl Beatty British admiral (d. 1936)

1880 – Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)

1881 – Alfred R Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders)

1881 – Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)

1884 – Noah Beery, US actor (Mark of Zorro, Sea Wolf)

 

 

 

1886 – Glenn Luther Martinaviator (Collier Trophy-1933)

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Norman “Squab” Read, US aviator who lived to be 101

1897 – Marcel Petiot, French mass murderer (d. 1946)

1899 – Al Capone, Italy, gangster (Chicago bootlegging)

1899 – Nevil Shute [Norway], London, novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice)

1899 – Robert Maynard Hutchins, US, educator/civil libertarian

1900 – Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts

1905 – Franz Schmid, Germany, ascended northside of Matterhorn (1931)

1911 – Luis W Alvarez, US, physicist (sub atomic, Nobel 1968) [or Jun 13]

1920 – Nora Kaye, NYC, prima ballerina

1922 – Betty White, Oak Park, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Golden Girls)

1922 – Nicholas Katzenbach, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, lawyer (US Attorney General), (d. 2012)

1925 – Edgar Ray Killen, American convict, former preacher and K.K.K. member

1926 – Moira Shearer, Dunfermline Scotland, ballerina (Red Shoes)

1927 – Eartha Kitt, singer/actress (Catwoman-Batman)

1927 – Dr Tom Dooley, American humanitarian (d. 1961)

1928 – Vidal Sassoon, London, hair stylist/CEO (Vidal Sasson), (d. 2012)

1929 – Jacques “Jake the Snake” Plante, Quebec, NHL goaltender (#1)

1930 – Bill Benyon, English large landowner/Conservative Lower house leader

1931 – James Earl Jones, Miss, actor (Darth Vader, Exorcist II, Soul Man)

1931 – L Douglas Wilder, (Gov-D-Va)

1933 – Aga Khan, religious leader (Muslims)

1933 – Bruno Schroder, British baron/banker/multi-millionaire

1933 – Sheree North, [Dawn Bethel], LA, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show)

1935 – Paul O[sborne] Williams, US, sci-fi author (Ends of the Circle)

1938 – John Bellairs, US, sci-fi author (Chessmen of Doom)

1939 – Maury Povich, TV host (Current Affair, Maury)/Mr Connie Chung

1939 – Toini Gustafson, Sweden, 5K/10K cross country skier (Oly-gold-1968)

1940 – H Kipchoge “Kip” Keino, Kenya, 1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1968, 72)

1942 – Muhammad Ali [Cassius Clay], Louisville Kentucky, heavyweight champ boxer (1964-7 74-8)

1942 – Nancy Parsons, American actress (d. 2001)

1947 – Jane Elliot, NYC, actress (Baby Boom, Gen Hospital, Knots Landing)

1947 – Todd Susman, St Louis Mo, actor (Goodnight Beantown)

1948 – Mick Taylor, rock bassist (Rolling Stones-Brown Sugar)

1951 – Rolando Thoeni, Italy, slalom (Olympic-bronze-1972)

1952 – Larry Fortensky, former husband of Liz Taylor (7th)

1954 – Janet Dykman, Monterey Park California, archer (Olympics-1996)

1954 – Robert F Kennedy Jr, attorney (Natural Resources Defense Council)

1955 – Steve Earle, San Antonio Tx, country singer (Guitar Town)

1956 – David Caruso, actor (NYPD Blue, Michael Hayes)

1957 – Donna Stone, NJ, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1957 – Steve Harvey, American actor, comedian and radio personality

1957 – Michel Vaarten, Belgian cyclist

1958 – Jez Strode, rocker (Kajagoogoo)

1959 – Susanna Hoffs, actress/rocker (Bangles-Walk Like an Egyptian)

1962 – Jim Carrey, Ontario Canada, actor (Living Color, Dumb & Dumber, Mask)

1962 – Sebastian Junger, American journalist and author

1966 – Rexton Gordon, Jamaican dj/rapper (Shabba Ranks-Extra Naked)

1967 – Filippo Raciti, Italian police officer (d. 2007)

1970 – Genndy Tartakovsky, Russian-born animator

1971 – Peter Winter, Australian decathlete (Olympics-96)

 

 

 

1971 – Kid RockAmerican singer

 

 

All Summer Long

Roll On

FAT BOTTOMED GIRLS

 

 

 

 

1971 – Richard Burns, English rally driver (d. 2005)

1971 – Youki Kudoh, Japanese actress

1971 – Ann Wolfe, female boxer

1974 – Sharon Marie Ferris, NZ, yachter (Olympics-96)

1980 – Zooey Deschanel, American actress

1980 – Kimberly Spicer, American model

1982 – Dwyane Wade, American basketball player

1983 – Andrea Lowell, American Model

1983 – Rick Kelly, Australian racing driver

1985 – Simone Simons, Dutch singer (Epica)

 

 

 

Deaths

395 – Theodosius I, the Great, Spanish emperor of Rome, dies at 49

1103 – Frutolf, German monk/musicologist/historian, dies

1119 – Boudouin VII Hapkin, count of Flanders, dies

1229 – Albert, Bishop of Riga/Albert of Buxhoeveden, founder of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword, dies at about 68

1369 – King Peter I of Cyprus (murdered) (b. 1328)

1468 – Skanderbeg, Albanian leader (b. 1405)

1598 – Fyodor I Tsar of Russia (b. 1557)

1617 – Pieter C Bockenberg, Dutch historian, dies at 68

1617 – Faust Vrančić, Croatian inventor (b. 1551)

1661 – Andres Malong, Philippines rebel leader, executed

1702 – Thomas Franklin, English smith/uncle of B Franklin, dies [OS=Jan 6]

1705 – John Ray, English naturalist (b. 1627)

1718 – Captain Benjamin Church, Plymouth Colony settler and military leader

1737 – Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (b. 1662)

1833 – William Rush, Indians sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill), dies

1834 – Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (b. 1762)

1861 – Lola Montez, Irish-born adventurer (b. 1821)

1884 – Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (b. 1804)

1893 – Rutherford B Hayes, 19th US Pres (1877-81), dies in Fremont Ohio at 70

1910 – Thomas Crapper, inventor (flush toilet), dies

1910 – Wilhelm F Kohlrausch, Germ physicist (Additiviteitsregel), dies at 69

1927 – Juliette Gordon Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA (b. 1860)

 

 

 

1932 – Albert Jacka, VC, Australian soldier (b. 1893)(see UE births 1.10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – Louis Comfort Tiffany, American artist and designer (b. 1848)

1938 – William H Pickering, astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79

1942 – Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (b. 1884)

1947 – Pyotr Krasnov, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1869)

1961 – Patrice Lumumba, African revolutionary, murdered 

1977 – Gary Gilmore, executed in Utah, 1st US execution since 1967

1992 – Frank Pullen, English businessman and racehorse owner (b. 1915)

1994 – Grady “Fats” Jackson, tenor Sax Player, dies at 66

1994 – Helen Stephens, American 100m runner and double Olympic champion, dies at 75

1994 – Yevgeny Ivanov, Soviet spy involved in the Profumo affair (b. 1926)

1996 – Barbara Charline Jordan, politician, dies at 59

1996 – Amber Hagerman, American namesake of the Amber Alert system (b. 1986)

1997 – Clyde William Tombaugh, discoverer (Pluto), dies at 90

1998 – Emil Sitka, actor (3 Stooges shorts), dies of stroke

2003 – Richard Crenna, American actor (b. 1926)

2004 – Ray Stark, American stage and film producer (b. 1915)

2004 – Noble Willingham, American actor (b. 1931)

2005 – Charlie Bell, Australian fast food executive (b. 1960)

2005 – Albert Schatz, American microbiologist (b. 1920)

2005 – Zhao Ziyang, Premier of the People’s Republic of China (b. 1919)

2006 – Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (b. 1925)

2007 – Art Buchwald, American humorist (b. 1925)

2008 – Bobby Fischer, American chess player (b. 1943)

2011 – Don Kirshner, American composer (b. 1934)

2012 – Johnny Otis, R&B musician and talent scout, known as the godfather of rhythm and blues, dies at 90.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

27 BC – The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.

 

 

 

550 – Gothic War (535-552)The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siegeby bribing the Isaurian garrison.

 

 

 

 

 

1120 – The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.

1219 – Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, 1,000s killed

1362 – A great storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt.

1412 – The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.

1493 – Columbus returns to Spain on his 1st trip

1547 – Ivan IV the Terrible (17) crowns himself 1st tsar of Moscow

1572 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.

1605 – The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid.

1761 – The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.

1765 – Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)

1776 – Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks

1777 – Vermont declares independence from NY

 

 

 

1780 – Battle at Cape St Vincentadmiral Rodney beats Spanish fleet

 

 

 

 

 

1847 – John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.

1863 – -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida

1864 – Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee

1865 – Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die

1865 – Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)

1868 – Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit

1870 – Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War

1871 – Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman

1877 – Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop

1878 – Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.

1879 – January record 13″ of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)

1883 – Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system

1887 – Cliff House damaged when schooner “Parallel”‘s powder cargo explodes

1896 – Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.

1908 – Pinnacles National Monument, California established

1909 – British explorer Ernest Shackleton finds magnetic south pole

1909 – David, Mawson & Mackay reach south magnetic pole

1911 – Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east

1914 – Writer Maksim Gorki returns to Russia

1919 – Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of states; Nebraska is 36th

 

 

 

1920 – 18th Amendmentprohibitiongoes into effectrepealed in 1933

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1925 – Leon Trotsky dismissed as CEO of Russian Revolution Military Council

1936 – 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah Fla

1936 – Screen Actors Guild incorporates with King Vidor as president

1938 – 1st jazz concert was held at Carnegie Hall (Benny Goodman)

1941 – US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor

1941 – War Dept forms 1st Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets

1942 – William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army

1943 – -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)

1943 – 1st US air raid on Ambon

1943 – German 2nd SS-Pantzer division evacuates Charkow

1943 – Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad

1944 – Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London

1945 – Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg

1945 – US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

1948 – 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon

1950 – Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands recognize Israel

1951 – Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi

1951 – World’s largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville Tx, to 134th St, NYC)

1956 – Egyptian pres Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine

1957 – 3 B-52s leave California for 1st non-stop round world flight

1961 – Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain

1962 – Shooting begins on “Dr No”

1963 – Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb

1965 – “Outer Limits” last airs on ABC-TV

1967 – Lucius Amerson, becomes 1st southern (Ala) black sheriff in 20th cent

1969 – Soviet Soyuz 4 & Soyuz 5 perform 1st transfer of crew in space

1970 – Col Kadhaffi becomes premier of Libya

1970 – NFL realigns into 3 divisions (down from 4)

1970 – AAU player Steve Myers makes a basketball field goal of 92’3½” from out of bounds, Tacoma-it shouldn’t have counted, but was allowed

1970 – Buckminster Fuller receives the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects.

1972 – Super Bowl VI: Dallas Cowboys-24, Miami-3 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Roger Staubach, Dallas, QB

1973 – NBC presents 440th & final showing of “Bonanza”

1973 – USSR’s Lunakhod 2 begins radio-controlled exploration of Moon

 

 

 

1974 – “Jaws” by Peter Benchley is published

 

 

 

 

 

1976 – Peter Frampton released platinum live album “Frampton Comes Alive”

1979 – Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi of Iran flees Iran for Egypt

1981 – Boxer Leon Spinks is mugged, his assailants even took his gold teeth

1981 – John Lennon releases “Woman” in UK

1981 – Protestant gunmen shoot & wound Bernadette Devlin McAliskey & husband

1981 – Ivan Lendl intentionally loses a match in Volvo Masters in order to avoid having to play Bjorn Borg

1984 – Paul & Linda McCartney arrested in Barbados-possession of cannabis

1985 – “Playboy” announces end of stapling centerfolds

1986 – Police arrested 3 IRA-terrorists in Amsterdam

1986 – First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.

1990 – 2 Bank of Credit & Commerce members plea guilty to money laundering

 

 

 

1991 – US & 27 allies attack Iraq for occupying Kuwait (US time)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2001 – US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish-American War.

2003 – The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.

2006 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia’s new president. She becomes Africa’s first female elected head of state.

 

 

 

Births

1245 – Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (d. 1296)

1409 – René I of Naples (d. 1480)

1477 – Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)

1501 – Anthony Denny, confidant of King Henry VIII of England (d. 1559)

1587 – Alexander Adriaenssen, Flemish painter

1616 – François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (d. 1669)

1626 – Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (d. 1699)

1757 – Samuel McIntire, woodcarver/architect (architect of Salem)

1807 – Charles Henry Davis, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877

 

 

 

1815 – Henry Wager “Old Brains” HalleckMaj-General (Union Army)

 

 

 

 

 

1834 – Albert Lindley LeeBrigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1907

 

 

 

 

 

1837 – James Phillip Simms, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887

1853 – Andre Michelin, France, industrialist/tire manufacturer (Michelin)

1875 – Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)

1878 – Harry Carey [Henry DeWitt Carey II], Bronx New York, American actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force)

1894 – Irving Mills, American jazz music publisher (d. 1985)

1901 – Fulgencio Batista, president/dictator of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59)

1901 – Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)

1902 – Eric Liddell, China, English 400m runner (Olympic-gold-1924)

1907 – Paul Nitze, American government official (d. 2004)

1908 – Ethel Merman, stage & screen actress (Anything Goes, Call Me Madam)

1908 – Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)

 

 

 

1910 – David McCampbellUS pilot/capt (WW II-Pacific-downed 34 Jap planes)

 

 

 

 

 

1911 – Jay Hanna “Dizzy” Dean, HOF baseball pitcher (St Louis Cardinals)

1917 – Carl Karcher, founded the Carl’s Jr. hamburger chain (d. 2008)

1918 – Stirling Silliphant, screenwriter

1921 – Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (d. 2004)

1923 – Martin Stokken, Norway, nordic relay (Olympic-silver-1952)

1924 – Katy Jurado, Mexico, actress (High Noon, Trapeze, Barabbas, AKA Pablo)

1928 – John William Fozard, aircraft designer

1929 – Allard Lowenstein, radical (Students for Democratic Action)

1930 – Norman Podhoretz, Brooklyn NY, author/editor (NY Post)

1932 – Dian Fossey, zoologist (Gorillas in the Mist)

1932 – Jim Berry, cartoonist (Berry’s World)

1933 – Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A, 27, T-3)

1933 – Susan Sontag, NYC, author/film director (Benefactor, 1966 Pol Award)

 

 

 

1935 – A J FoytHoustonauto race driver (Indy 500 1961, 64, 67, 77)

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – Bob Bogle, Portland, rock bassist/guitarist (Ventures-Batman Theme)

1942 – Bill Francis Mobile Al, rocker (Dr Hook)

1942 – René Angélil, Canadian music executive

1944 – Jim Stafford, Eloise Fla, singer (Spiders & Snakes, My Girl Bill)

1944 – Ronnie Milsap, Robbinsville NC, country singer (Legend in My Time)

1946 – Michael L Coats, Sacramento Ca, Capt USN/astr (STS 41-D, 29, 39)

1947 – Georgette Mosbacher, CEO (La Prairie cosmetics)

1948 – Anatoli Yakovlevich Solovyov, Riga, cosmonaut (TM-5,9,15,26, STS 71)

1948 – Christopher Moran, English financier/multi-millionaire

1948 – John Carpenter, Carthage NY, director (Halloween, The Thing)

1948 – Ruth Reichl, American magazine editor

1950 – Debbie Allen, Houston Tx, dancer/actress (3 Girls 3, Lydia-Fame)

1952 – Lloyd Blaine Hammond Jr, Savannah Ga, Major USAF/astr (STS 39, 64)

1953 – Robert Jay Mathews, American neo-Nazi (d. 1984)

1955 – Jerry M Linenger, Mt Clemens Mich, PhD/Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 81/84)

1958 – Anatoli Boukreev, mountaineer

1958 – Lena Ek, Swedish politician

 

 

 

1959 – SadeNigerian-born singer

 

Smooth Operator

Nothing Can Come Between Us

Paradise

 

 

 

 

1961 – Jill Sobule, American singer-songwriter

1966 – Anthony Washington, Glasgow Montana, discus thrower (Olympics-4th-96)

1969 – Chelan Kozak, Revelstoke BC, equestrian (Olympics-96)

1969 – Roy Jones, Pensacola Fla, Light-MW boxer (Olympic-silver-1988)

1974 – Kate Moss, Addiscomb Surrey England, model (Calvin Klein)

1976 – Viktor Maslov, Russian racing driver

1979 – Aaliyah, American singer (d. 2001)

1980 – Albert Pujols, Dominican-born baseball player

1980 – Michelle Wild, Hungarian model

1981 – Nick Valensi, American guitarist (The Strokes)

1982 – Samuel Preston, British singer (The Ordinary Boys)

 

 

 

Deaths

308 – Marcellus I, Catholic Pope (-308), dies

429 – Honoratius of Arles, bishop/saint, dies [or 430]

960 – Polyeuctus, Patriarch of Constantinople

1343 – Robert of Anjou, king (Naples), dies

1400 – John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician (executed) (b. 1352)

1547 – Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)

1585 – Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral (b. 1512)

1595 – Murad III, sultan of Turkey (1574-95), dies

1659 – Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. 1580)

1750 – Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshall (b. 1667)

1752 – Francis Blomefield, English topographer (b. 1705)

 

 

 

1794 – Edward Gibbonhistorian (Decline & Fall), dies in London at 56

 

 

 

 

 

1809 – Sir John Moore, British General, at the Battle of Corunna (b. 1761)

1834 – Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)

1856 – Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)

1864 – Anton Schindler, German violinist/biographer (Beethoven), dies at 68

1901 – Hiram Revels, dies at 73

1906 – Marshall Field, founder of Marshall Field and Company (b. 1834)

1912 – Georg Heym, writer, dies at 24

 

 

 

1917 – George DeweyU.Sadmiral (b. 1837)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – Ma BarkerAmerican criminal (b. 1871)

 

 

 

 

 

1936 – Albert Fish, American serial killer (b. 1870)executed

1942 – Carole Lombard, actress, (Bolero), & mom killed in plane crash at 32

 

 

 

1945 – Dennis DonniniBrit rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Arturo Toscanini, Italian US conductor (NBC), dies in NYC at 89

1962 – Frank Hurley, Australian photographer (b. 1885)

1967 – Robert J Van De Graaff, US nuclear physicist, dies at 65

1969 – Jan Palach, protesting Soviet invasion of Czech, self immolates at 20

1972 – David Seville, singer (Alvin & Chipmunks), dies at 52

 

 

 

1979 – Ted Cassidyactor (Lurch-Addams Family), dies at 46

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Bernard Lee, English actor (Fallen Idol, Dr No), dies at 73

1982 – Red Smith, American sports columnist (b. 1905)

1987 – Earl Wilson, Bdwy columnist (Midnight Earl), dies in Yonkers at 79

1988 – Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (b. 1899)

1989 – Trey Wilson, actor (Bull Durham, Twins, Raising Arizona), dies

1993 – Glenn Corbett, US actor (Shenandoah, Chisum, Midway), dies at 63

1994 – Harry Nilsson, singer/Songwriter, dies at 52

1997 – Charlie Alfred Galbraith, jazz trombonist, dies at 76

1997 – Innis Cosby, son of Bill Cosby, murdered on LA highway at 29

1997 – Stephen Fitz-Simon, entrepreneur, dies at 59

 

 

 

1998 – David “Junior” Kimbroughblues musiciandies at 67

 

Burn In Hell

Sad Days, Lonely Nights

Old Black Mattie

2002 – Robert Hanbury Brown, British-Australian astronomer and physicist (b. 1916)

2002 – Michael Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1923)

2007 – Ron Carey, American actor (b. 1935)

2007 – Benny Parsons, American racecar driver and commentator (b. 1941)

2009 – Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (b. 1917)

2012 – Jimmy Castor, American pop and funk musician, died of heart failure at 71.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

588 BC – Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah’s reignThe siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

69 – Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, but only rules for three months before committing suicide.

708 – Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)

946 – Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded/ousted

1346 – Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland/Zealand

1535 – Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church

1582 – Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic

1586 – Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army

1759 – British Museum opens in Montague House, London

 

 

 

1762 – Fraunces Tavern opens in NYC

 

 

 

 

 

 

1777 – People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England

1780 – Continental Congress establishes court of appeals

1797 – 1st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)

1831 – 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run

1831 – 1st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr & Mrs Pierson, Charleston, SC

1833 – HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree Tierra del Fuego

1844 – U of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana

1847 – 1st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in NYC

1861 – Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

1863 – 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal

1865 – Ft Fisher, NC falls to Union troops

1870 – Donkey 1st used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper’s Weekly

1877 – US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens

1882 – 1st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)

1889 – The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is originally incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia.

1892 – Basketball rules published in Triangle Magazine, Mass

1895 – Tchaikovsky’s ballet “Swan Lake” premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS)

1905 – Coen de Koning becomes world champion all-round skater

1907 – 3-element vacuum tube patented by Dr Lee De Forest

1907 – Gold dental inlays 1st described by Wm Taggart, who invented them

 

 

 

1919 – 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston MAdrowning 21

 

 

 

 

 

1919 – Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps.

1934 – Babe Ruth signs a 1934 contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut)

1936 – 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio

1936 – Non-profit Ford Foundation incorporates

1939 – 1st NFL pro bowl, NY Giants beat All Stars 13-10 in Wrigley Field

1939 – Municipal Railway & Market St RR begin service to Transbay Terminal

1940 – German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch trade ship Arendskerk (Eagle’s Church)

1943 – 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught

 

 

 

1943 – World’s largest office buildingPentagoncompleted

 

 

 

 

 

1943 – 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon

1944 – Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die

1945 – Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp

1947 – The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short (“The Black Dahlia”) is found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California.

1949 – Mao’s Red army conquers Ten-tsin

1950 – 4,000 attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Wash DC

1951 – Supreme Court rule “clear & present danger” of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest

1953 – 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Wash DC station

1953 – GDR Min of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for “espionage”

1957 – Brooklyn Dodgers sign a new 3 year lease for Ebbets Field

1958 – NY Yankees sign million dollar plus deal to show 140 games on WPIX TV

1961 – Supremes signed with Motown Records

1962 – Dutch & Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea

1964 – Teamsters negotiate 1st national labor contract

1965 – Rock group Who releases 1st album “I Can’t Explain”

1967 – Superbowl I: Green Bay Packers beat KC Chiefs, 35-10 in LA Superbowl MVP: Bart Starr, Green Bay, QB

1967 – The first Super Bowl is played in Los Angeles, California.

1970 – Republic Biafra disbands/joins Nigeria

1971 – Aswan Dam official opens in Egypt

1971 – George Harrison releases “My Sweet Lord”

1973 – 4 Watergate burglars plead guilty in federal court

1973 – Pres Nixon suspends all US offensive action in N Vietnam

1974 – “Happy Days” begins an 11 year run on ABC

1974 – Expert panel reports 18½ minute gap in Watergate tape, 5 separate erasures

1975 – Portugal signs accord for Angola’s independence

1975 – Space Mountain opens (Disneyland)

1976 – Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life for attempting to shoot Pres Ford

1976 – US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit

 

 

 

1977 – Coneheads debut on “Saturday Night Live

 

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Theodore Bundy kills Fla State U coeds Lisa Levy & Margaret Bowman

1981 – “Hill Street Blues” premieres on NBC-TV

1983 – Hartford Whalers smallest crowd 4,812 (beat Devils) during blizzard

1983 – Thom Syles keeps a life saver intact in his mouth for over 7 hours

1984 – Hana Mandlikova ends Martina Navratilova’s 54-match winning streak

1984 – Schonbrun skates world record 5 km (7:39.44)

1986 – Living Seas opens (Disneyland)

1988 – Jimmy “The Greek” Snyder makes racist remarks about black athletes

1989 – Big John Studd wins WWF’s 1st Royal Rumble

1990 – 42 year old George Foreman KOs Gerry Cooney in 2 rounds

1990 – AT&T experiences long distance problems due to a computer glitch

1991 – UN’s deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don’t)

1992 – Cleaning woman finds intimate photos of Sarah Ferguson with US man

1992 – Supreme Court rules 5-3 that Joseph Doherty isn’t entitled to asylum

1993 – Top mafia leader Salvatore “Toto” Riina arrested in Palermo

1994 – Hague motorist with .51% alcohol in blood, breaks Dutch record (.47%)

1997 – Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with Mir Space Station

1998 – NASA announces John Glenn, 76, may fly in space again

1999 – The Racak incident: 45 Albanians in the Kosovo village of Racak are killed by Yugoslav security forces.

2001 – Wikipedia, a free Wiki content encyclopedia, goes online.

2005 – ESA’s SMART-1 lunar orbiter discovers elements such as calcium, aluminum, silicon, iron, and other surface elements on the moon.

2005 – An intense solar flare blasts X-rays across the solar system.

2007 – Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.

2009 – US Airways Flight 1549 makes an emergency landing into the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York City. All passengers and crew members survive.

Births

1481 – Ashikaga YoshizumiJapanesshogun (d. 1511)

 

ashikagayoshihisa.png

 

 

 

 

1507 – Johann Oporinus [Herbster], Swiss book publisher (Koran)

1538 – Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (d. 1599)

1622 – Molière, French playwright (d. 1673)

1671 – Abraham de la Pryme, English antiquarian (d. 1704)

 

 

 

1716 – Philip LivingstonAmerican businessman and politician (signed Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

 

1747 – John Aikin, English doctor and writer (d. 1822)

1754 – Richard Martin, Irish animal rights activist (d. 1834)

1798 – Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends)

1809 – Pierre Joseph Proudhon, France, politician (libertarian socialist)

1813 – James Marion Sims, SC, surgeon/gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)

1815 – Henry Morris Naglee, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886

1816 – Marie LaFarge, French murderer (d. 1852)

1817 – Lewis Golding Arnold, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1871

1821 – Lafayette McLaws, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1897

1824 – Marie Duplessis, French courtesan (d. 1847)

1842 – Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)

1845 – Ella Flagg Young, 1st woman pres (National Educational Association)

1850 – Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)

1866 – Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1931)

1870 – Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer (Greenland)

 

 

 

1870 – Pierre S. du PontAmerican businessman (d. 1954)

 

 

 

 

 

1873 – Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist

1877 – Lewis M Terman, Ind, psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test)

1885 – Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (d. 1973)

1885 – Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer (d. 1915)

1892 – Rex Ingram, [Reginald IM Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse) (d. 1950)

1895 – Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)

1902 – Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Faisal al-Saud, king (Saudi Arabia)

1906 – Aristotle Onassis, Greece, rich shipping magnate

 

 

 

1908 – Edward TellerBudapest Hungaryfathered H-bomb (Manhattan Project), (d. 2003)

 

 

 

 

 

1909 – Gene Krupa, Benny Goodman’s drummer (Sing Sing Sing)

1909 – Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer (d. 1939)

1913 – Lloyd Bridges, San Leandro California, actor (Sea Hunt, Roots, Airplane)

1913 – Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)

1918 – Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971)

1920 – John J “Cardinal” O’Connor, Phila, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY

1923 – Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (d. 2006)

1925 – Keith Bentley, international racing cyclist

1926 – Maria Schell, Vienna Austria, actress (Space 1999)

1927 – Norm Crosby, Boston MA, comedian (Young at Heart Comedians)

1929 – Martin Luther King Jr, Atlanta, American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964)

1931 – Derek Meddings, special effects technician

1932 – Dean Smith, US actor/relay runner (Olympic-gold-1952)

1932 – Louis Woodard Jones, New Rochelle NY, 4X400m relayer (Oly-gold-56)

1935 – Robert Silverberg, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Regan’s Planet)

1941 – Captain Beefheart, [Don Van Vliet], rocker (Bongo Fury, Shiny Beast)

 

 

 

1945 – Vince FosterAmerican lawyer (d. 1993)

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – William R. Higgins, USMC colonel (d. 1990)

1947 – Andrea Martin, Portland ME, comediene (SCTV, Club Paradise)

1948 – Ronnie Van Zant, rocker (Lynyrd Skynyrd)

1951 – Charo [Maria Baeza], Spanish-American actress, comedienne and flamenco guitarist (Chico and the Man, Love Boat)

1951 – Martha Davis, California, vocalist/guitar (Motels-Only the Lonely, Shame)

1953 – Randy White, NFL tackle (Dallas Cowboys)

1956 – Vera Sosulya, USSR, toboggan (Olympic-gold-1980)

1957 – Mario Van Peebles, Mexico, actor (Posse, South Bronx Heroes)

1957 – Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur

1959 – Pete Trewavas, Middlesbrough, bassist, (Marillion-Clutching at Straws)

1959 – Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber (d. 2008)

1961 – Yves P. Pelletier, Canadian comedian and film director

1963 – Erling Kagge, Norway, explorer (South Pole)

1963 – Lijuan Geng, Hebei China, Canadian tennis player (Olympics-96)

1963 – Yaro Dachniwsky, Chic Ill, team handball goalie (Olympics-1996)

1964 – Paula Schnurr, Kirkland Lake Ontario, 1.5k (Olympics-8-92, 96)

1965 – Maurizio Fondriest, Italian cyclist

1967 – Lisa Lisa, [Velez], rock vocalist (& Cult Jam)

1968 – Laurie Fellner, Appleton Wisc, team handball goalie (Olympics-92, 96)

1968 – Steve McConaghy, Australian soling yachter (Olympics-96)

1969 – Rod de Highden, Australian 5k/10k/marathoner (Olympics-96)

1970 – Dan Landry, San Diego Ca, volleyball opposite hitter (Olympics-96)

1970 – Michele Granger, Anaheim California, softball pitcher (Olympics-gold-96)

1971 – Regina King, LA California, actress (Brenda Jenkins-227)

1978 – Franco Pellizotti, Italian cyclist

1979 – Ken Chu, Taiwanese singer-actor and taichi champ

1984 – Megan Jendrick, American swimmer

 

 

Deaths

69 – Servius Sulpicius Galba, 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), lynched at 70

570 – Saint Ita, Irish nun (b. 475)

936 – King Rudolph of France

1208 – Peter of Castelnau, French nobleman, murdered

1345 – Martin Zaccaria, Italo-Greek ruler

1595 – Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1546)

1683 – Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (b. 1609)

1684 – Caspar Netscher, Dutch portrait painter, dies at about 48

1705 – Walraad, the Young, earl of Nassau-Ottweiler/gov of Nijmegen, dies

1790 – John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)

1804 – Dru Drury, English entomologist (b. 1725)

1815 – Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Lord Nelson (b. 1761

1876 – Eliza Johnson, U.S. First Lady (b. 1810)

 

 

 

1896 – Matthew B BradyUS photographer (Civil War), dies at about 72

 

 

 

 

 

1919 – Karl Liebknecht, Marxist revolutionary, murdered at 47

1919 – Rosa Luxemburg, Marxist revolutionary, murdered

1922 – John Kirk Barry, Dr/explorer David Livingstone’s companion, dies at 89

1934 – Patrick O’Malley, US policeman, killed by John Dillinger

1942 – Melvin Winfield Sheppard, runner (Olympic-gold-08, 12), dies at 58

1947 – Elizabeth Short, the Black Dahlia (b. 1924)

1949 – Black Dahlia, murder victim found in LA (basis of the movie)

 

 

 

1950 – , Henry “Hap” Arnold USGeneral of the Air Force (b. 1886)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Weldon John “Jack” Teagarden, US jazz trombonist/singer, dies at 58

1968 – Leopold Infeld, Pol nuclear physcist (Motion & Relativity), dies at 69

1978 – Margaret Bowman & Janet Levy, Chi Omega, FSU, killed by Ted Bundy

1983 – Meyer Lansky, reputed mobster, dies in Miami Beach Fla at 80

1987 – Ray Bolger, actor/dancer (Wizard of Oz), dies at 83

1988 – Sean MacBride, Ireland, commander of Irish Republican Army, dies at 83

1993 – Sammy Cahn, American songwriter (b. 1913)

1994 – Harry Nilsson, rock vocalist (Everybody’s Talkin’), dies at 52

1996 – Les Baxter, singer/orchestra leader/composer (Born Again), dies at 73

1996 – Richard Charles Cobb, historian, dies at 78

 

 

 

1998 – Amos “Junior” Wells, blues musician, dies at 63(see UE Births 12/09)

 

Hoodooman Blues

Messin’ With The Kid

Cryin’ Shame

Hoochie Coochie Man & Mannish Boy with Muddy Waters and Buddy Guy

 

 

 

 

2000 – Željko Ražnatović, aka Arkan, Serbian paramilitary leader (b. 1952)

2003 – Doris Fisher, American singer and songwriter (b. 1915)

2005 – Elizabeth Janeway, American author (b. 1913)

2005 – Ruth Warrick, American actress (b. 1915)

2005 – Deem Bristow, American video game voice actor (b. 1947)

2007 – James Hillier, Canadian inventor of electron microscope (b. 1915)

2007 – Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Iraqi Revolutionary Court (b. 1945) (executed)

2008 – Mark Haigh-Hutchinson, Game Designer (b. 1964)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1129 – Formal approval of the Order of the Templar at the Council of Troyes.

1301 – Andrew III of Hungary (1290-1301) dies at 50, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.

1501 – Martin Luther, age 17, enters the University of Erfurt.

1514 – Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.

1526 – Charles V & Francis I sign Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy & Flanders

1539 – Spain annexes Cuba.

1639 – 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow

1641 – United East Indian Company conquerors city of Malakka, 7,000 killed

1659 – Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish

1690 – Clarinet invented, in Nurnberg, Germany

1699 – Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting “witches”

1746 – Bonnie Prince Charlie’s army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]

1783 – Congress ratifies peace treaty between US & England

 

 

 

1784 – Revolutionary War endsCongress ratifies Treaty of Paris

 

 

 

 

 

1794 – Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation on his wife

1799 – Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

1813 – Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)

1814 – King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel

1822 – Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti.

1858 – French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed

1861 – Ft Pikens, FL falls into state hands

 

 

 

1863 – Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Cosby Creek, TN

1864 – General Sherman begins his march to the South

1868 – NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh

1868 – SC constitutional convention, meets with a black majority

1873 – “Celluloid” registered as a trademark

1873 – P B S Pinchback elected to Senate

1878 – US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional

1907 – An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.

1914 – Henry Ford introduces assembly line, for T-Fords

1919 – John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham, & Judge MCQuade buy NY Giants

1932 – 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah

1932 – Horse racing legend Eddie Arcaro won his 1st race

1935 – Oil pipeline Iraq-Mediterranean goes into use

1938 – National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)

1939 – Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica

1942 – Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo

1943 – FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II

1944 – Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow

1946 – 2 jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed

1949 – Black/Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die

1952 – Snow storm in Sierra Nevada kills 26

1954 – The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.

1956 – Little Richard releases “Tutti Frutti”

1960 – US Army promoted Elvis Presley to Sergeant

1963 – George C Wallace sworn in as governor of Alabama, his address states “segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!”

1964 – Jacqueline Kennedy’s 1st public appearance (TV) since assassination

1966 – David Bowie releases his 1st record (Can’t Help Thinking About Me)

1967 – 20,000 attend Human Be-In, SF

1967 – Earthquake in Sicily kills 231

1967 – NY Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments

1968 – Superbowl II: Green Bay Packers beat Oakland Raiders, 33-14 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Bart Starr, Green Bay, QB

 

 

 

1969 – An explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 people.

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – John Snow takes 7-40 for England to beat Australia by 299 runs

1972 – “Sanford & Son” starring Redd Foxx premieres on NBC TV

1973 – Tap dancer Ray Castle measured at 1440 taps/min on BBC TV

1975 – Anita Wold (Norway) sets women’s ski jump distance record-98 m

1976 – “Bionic Woman” with Lindsay Wagner debuts on ABC (later NBC)

1976 – Ted Turner becomes CEO of Atlanta Braves

1978 – Sex Pistols’ final concert (Winterland, SF)

1979 – Pres Carter proposes Martin Luther King’s birthday be a holiday

1980 – Shakuntala Devi, mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec

1981 – FCC frees stations to air as many commercials an hour as they wish

1985 – M Navratilova is 3rd to win 100 tennis tournaments (Connors & Evert)

1985 – British pound (£) sinks to record low $US1.11

1987 – Catfish Hunter & Billy Williams are elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1989 – 1,000 muslims burn Salman Rushdies’ “Satanic Verses” in Bradford England

1990 – “Simpsons” premiered on Fox-TV

1991 – Tyne Daly arrested for drunk driving in Van Nuys Calif

1993 – David Letterman announces his show is moving from NBC to CBS

1993 – Polish ferry boat capsizes in storm, 50 die

1994 – Inna Lassovskaya triple-jumps ladies world record (14.61m)

1994 – Russian manned space craft TM-17, lands

1998 – Researchers in Dallas, Texas present findings about an enzyme that slows aging and cell death (apoptosis).

2000 – A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.

2005 – Landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn’s moon Titan.

2011 – Stampede near Sabarimala in Kerala, India kills 104 devotees and injures 100 more

2011 – Ben Ali, former Tunisian president, fled the country to Saudi Arabia after popular protests (dubbed as Jasmine Revolution) requesting his departure.

2012 – Suicide bomber kills 53 and injures 130 in Basra, Iraq

 

 

Births

83 BC – Marcus AntoniusRoman politician (d. 30 BC)

 

 

 

 

 

1131 – King Valdemar I of Denmark (d. 1182)

1451 – Franchinus Gaffurius, composer

1467 – Henry van Stolberg & Wernigerode, German gov/viceroy of Frisia

1477 – Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (d. 1552)

1507 – Catherine of Habsburg, Infanta of Spain and queen of Portugal (d. 1578)

1592 – Sjihab al-Din Sultan Choerram Sjah Djahan, leader of India

1684 – Jean-Baptiste Vanloo, French painter

1684 – Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (d. 1742)

 

 

 

1730 – William Whipplemerchant/judge (Declaration of Independence signer)

 

 

 

 

 

1741 – Benedict Arnold, Norwich Connecticut, US general turned traitor (Revolutionary War)

1791 – Calvin Phillips, became shortest known adult male (67 cm; 2′ 2″)

1806 – Matthew Fontaine Maury, Naval Commander (Confederacy)

1819 – Frederick Steele, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1831 – John Bullock Clark Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903

1836 – [Hugh] Judson Kilpatrick, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1881

1874 – Thornton Waldo Burgess, author (Peter Rabbit)

 

 

 

1875 – Albert Schweitzerdoctor/humanitarian/organist (Nobel 1954)

 

 

 

 

 

1886 – Hugh Lofting, England, writer & illustrator (Dr Dolittle)

1892 – Hal Roach, early film director/producer (1 Million BC)

1896 – John dos Passos, novelist (1919, Big Money, 42nd Parallel)

1899 – Fritz Bayerlein, German lt-general (WW I, Poland, Libya, St-Lo)

1904 – Cecil Beaton, England, royal family photographer

1906 – William Bendix, NYC, actor (Lifeboat, Babe Ruth Story, Life of Riley)

1907 – Derek Richter, British neuro chemist (Aspects of learning & memory)

1915 – Mark Goodson, American game show producer (d. 1992)

1919 – Andy Rooney, Albany NY, CBS news correspondent (60 Minutes)

1924 – Guy Williams, NYC, actor (Zorro, Lost in Space), (d. 1989)

1927 – Ivan Kalita, USSR, equestrian dressage (Olympic-silver-1968)

1928 – Garry Winogrand, American photographer (d. 1984)

1930 – Ernest Just, Black biologist, served as VP of American Zoologists

1932 – Harriet Andersson, Stockholm Sweden, actress (Cries & Whispers)

 

 

 

1932 – Don GarlitsAmerican race car driver

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – Lucille Wheeler, Canadian alpine skier

1936 – Clarence Carter, US singer (Thread the Needle)

1936 – Ludmila Pinayeva, USSR, 500m kayak (Olympic-gold-1964, 1968, 1972)

1936 – Reiner Klimke, German FR, equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1984)

1937 – Billie Jo Spears, country singer

1938 – Allen Toussaint, [Naomi Neville], pianist/songwriter (Ride Your Pony)

1940 – Julian Bond, Nashville Tenn, (D-Ga) civil rights leader

1941 – [Dorothy] Faye Dunaway, Bascom Fl, actress (Chinatown, Bonnie & Clyde)

1943 – Holland Taylor, Phila, actress (Bossom Buddies, Camilla-Naked Truth)

1943 – Shannon Lucid, Shanghai China, astronaut (STS 51G, 34, 43, 58, 76/79)

1944 – Nina Totenberg, American journalist

1946 – Harold Shipman, British serial killer (d. 2004)

1948 – Carl Weathers, New Orlean La, actor (Apollo Creed-Rocky)

1949 – Christine Belford, Amityville NY, actress (Banacek, Empire, 90210)

1949 – Lawrence Kasdan, Miami FL, director/writer (Accidental Tourist)

1951 – Gil Pak Jong, Korea PR, judo (Olympic-1976)

 

 

 

1952 – Sydney Biddle Barrowmadam/author (Mayflower Madam)

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Maureen Dowd, American writer

1958 – Colin Ferguson, murderer (6 people on the LIRR on Dec 7, 1993)

1959 – Susan Smith, Beloit WISC, playmate (Sept, 1981)

1964 – Steven Soderbergh, writer (Mimi, Schizoplis)

1964 – Shepard Smith, American news anchor

1965 – Jemma Redgrave, London England, actress (Buddha of Suburbia)

1965 – Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel (d. 2006)

1967 – Emily Watson, actress (Breaking the Waves, Boxer)

1967 – Zakk Wylde, American musician (Black Label Society)

1968 – Fred[ric] Honebein, SF California, rower (Olympics-5th-1996)

1968 – L L Cool J, [James Todd Smith], St Albans NY, rapper (Bigger & Deffer)

1969 – Dave Grohl, drummer (Nirvana, Foo Fighters)

1971 – Lasse Kjus, Norwegian skier

1973 – Giancarlo Fisichella, Italian race car driver

1974 – Hugues Legault, Montreal Quebec, 50m swimmer (Olympics-96)

1974 – Nancy Napolski, Hinsdale Idaho, air rifle (Olympics-1996)

1979 – Karen Elson, British supermodel

1979 – Angela Lindvall, American supermodel

1980 – Cory Gibbs, American soccer player

1981 – Pitbull, American rapper

1983 – Maxime Monfort, Belgian cyclist

1984 – Mike Pelfrey, American baseball player

1986 – Gary Brolsma, American internet celebrity

1994 – Samir Patel, American spelling bee winner

 

 

Deaths

973 – Ekkehard I, monk of St Gallen (Vita Waltharii manu fortis), dies

1163 – Ladislaus I Arpad, king of Hungary (1162-63), dies

1236 – Sava [Rastko], son of Serbia’s king/saint, dies at 64

1331 – Odoric, Italian explorer (b. 1286)

1623 – Paolo Sarpi, Italian church historian/politician, dies at 70

1640 – Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, English lawyer and judge (b. 1578)

1679 – Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (b. 1602)

1701 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (b. 1628)

 

 

 

1742 – Edmond Halley, English scientist (b. 1656)(see UE Births 10/29)

 

 

 

 

 

1788 – François Joseph Paul, marquis de Grasetilly, comte de Grasse, French admiral (b. 1722)

1802 – Marie Allard, French ballerina, dies at 59

1819 – Peter Pindar, English satirist (b. 1738)

1825 – George Dance the Younger, English architect (b. 1741)

1847 – Gov Bent, 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico

1850 – Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner, dies at 93

1887 – Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, dies at 83

 

 

 

1898 – Lewis Carrollwriter (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 65

 

 

 

 

 

1901 – Charles Hermite, French mathematician (e is transcendent), dies at 78

1902 – Cato M Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician, dies at 65

1905 – Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64

1907 – Sir James Fergusson, British politician, and governor of South Australia, New Zealand and Bombay (b. 1832)

1909 – Sinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian admiral, dies at 60

1912 – Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71

1916 – Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73

1920 – John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (b. 1864)

1923 – Zübeyde Hanım, Mother of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (b. 1857)

1931 – William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies

1948 – Anna “Ans” van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42

1956 – Siegfried F Nadel, Aust/Brit anthropologist (Nuba), dies at 52

 

 

 

1957 – Humphrey Bogartactor (CasablancaCaine Mutiny), dies at 57

 

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Jeanette MacDonald, soprano (When I’m Calling You), dies at 63

1966 – Sergei Korolev, Russian space station constructor, dies

1970 – William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)

1977 – Anthony Eden, British premier (1955-57), dies at 79

1977 – Peter Finch, actor (Network, Nun’s Story, Judith), dies at 60

1977 – Anaïs Nin, French author (b. 1903)

 

 

 

1978 – Blossom Rockactress (Grandmamma-Addams Family), dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (b. 1906)

1984 – Mary Zeldenrust-Noordanus, Dutch sexuologist (NVSH), dies at 55

1984 – Ray Kroc, founder of MacDonalds/owner San Diego Padres, dies at 81

1986 – Donna Reed, actress (Donna Reed Show, Dallas), dies of cancer at 64

1988 – Georgy M Malenkov, PM of USSR (1953-55), dies at 86

1997 – Dollard Ménard, French Canadian general (b. 1913)

2001 – Burkhard Heim, German physicist (b. 1925)

2004 – Uta Hagen, American actress (b. 1919)

2006 – Shelley Winters, American actress, dies at 85

2008 – Judah Folkman, Surgeon that developed Angiogenesis (b. 1933)

2009 – Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin (b. 1937)

2009 – Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican actor (b. 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

888 – Odo, Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks.

 

 

 

 

 

1099 – Crusaders set fire to Mara Syria

1547 – Earl Henry Howard of Surrey sentenced to death

1559 – Elizabeth I crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey

1605 – The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.

1607 – The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.

1610 – Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter

1621 – Jan Pieterszoon Coen’s fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta)

1630 – Patent to Plymouth Colony issued

1695 – Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland

1733 – James Oglethorpe & 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, SC

1785 – John Walter publishes 1st issue of London Times

1794 – Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes

1822 – The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.

1830 – Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves

 

 

 

1840 – The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.

 

 

 

 

 

1842 – Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.

1854 – Anthony Foss patents accordion

1863 – Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC

1863 – Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet

1865 – -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC

1869 – Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC

1873 – P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor

1874 – Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried

1874 – US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king

 

 

 

1888 – National Geographic Society founded (WashingtonDC)

 

 

 

 

 

1893 – British Independent Labor Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)

1893 – U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.

1898 – Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J’accuse) in defense of Dreyfus

1906 – 1st radio set advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile

1908 – French pilot Henry Farman is 1st European to fly roundtrip

1911 – Roald Amundsens anchors at Walvis Bay

1912 – -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)

1913 – Delta Sigma Theta, the world’s largest Black Women’s Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington DC

1915 – Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800

1915 – W Churchill presents plan for assault on Dardanelles

1920 – NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly

1922 – Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement

1922 – Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended

1927 – US & Mexico battle over oil interests

1929 – Humanist Society established, Hollywood Calif

1930 – “Mickey Mouse” comic strip 1st appears

1935 – Plebiscite in Saar, indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany

1938 – The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.

1939 – The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.

1942 – Allied Conference for war trials

1942 – German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast

1942 – Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies

1942 – Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration

1942 – World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.

1943 – British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca

1943 – Hitler declares “Total War”

1943 – Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov

 

 

 

1943 – US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge Guadalcanal

 

 

 

 

 

 

1948 – 1st country music TV show, Midwestern Hayride, premieres on WLW Cin

1953 – Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14

1954 – Milt rule in Egypt; 318 Mohammedan Brotherhood arrested

1957 – Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee

1958 – US newspaper “Daily Worker” ceases publication

1958 – Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.

1959 – De Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 to Algerian death row convicts

1962 – Wilt Chamberlain of Warriors scores then NBA-record 73 pts vs Chicago

1967 – Coup in Togo

1967 – Rolling Stones appear on Ed Sullivan Show

1968 – Minn North Stars center Bill Masterton fatally injured (dies on 15th)

1969 – Beatles release “Yellow Submarine” album

1972 – Former umpire, now housewife Bernice Gera wins her suit against baseball, initiated on March 15, 1971 to be allowed to umpire

1974 – Superbowl VIII: Miami Dolphins beat Minnesota Vikings, 24-7 in Houston Superbowl MVP: Larry Csonka, Miami, RB

1976 – Sarah Caldwell is 1st woman to conduct at NY’s Metropolitan Opera House as she led orchestra in a performance of “La Traviata”

1979 – Charlie Daniels hosts Volunteer Jam

1980 – Head of narcotic brigade arrested for drug smuggling in Belgium

1982 – Hank Aaron & Frank Robinson elected to Hall of Fame

 

 

 

1982 – Air Florida 737 took off in a snowstormcrashes into 14th St Bridge in Washington, DC, & falls into Potomac Riverkilling 78

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – AMA urges ban on boxing sites Muhammad Ali’s deteriorating condition

1985 – 99-yr-old Otto Bucher scores a hole-in-one at Spanish golf course

1985 – Cerberal Palsy telethon raises $17,100,000

1985 – Express train derails in Ethiopia, kills at least 428

1986 – NCCA institutes eligibility requirements based on college exams

1986 – South Yemen Pres Ali Nasser Mohammed’s bodyguard shoots opponents

1987 – 7 top NY Mafia bosses sentenced to 100 years in prison each

1987 – W German police arrest Mohammed Ali Hamadi, suspect in 1985 hijacking

1988 – Supreme Court rules (5-3) public school officials have broad powers to censor school newspapers, plays & other expressive activities

1989 – “Friday the 13th” virus strikes hundreds of IBM computers in Britain

1989 – “Ryan’s Hope” ends 13½ year run on ABC-TV

1989 – Jerry Parks, Oklahoma defensive back, charged with shooting a teammate

 

 

 

1989 – Ruins of Mashkan-shapir (occupied 2050-1720 BCfound in Iraq

 

 

 

 

 

1989 – Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz begins 1-year jail sentence

1990 – 1st elected US black governor inaugurated (Douglas Wilder-Virginia)

1991 – 12th ACE Cable Awards: HBO wins 25 awards

1991 – 42 killed in exhibition soccer match in Johannesburg South Africa

1991 – Phil Mickelson wins PGA Northern Telecom Golf Open

1992 – Excavation of new ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field) begins

1992 – US serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer pleads guilty but insane

1992 – Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.

1994 – Tonya Harding’s bodyguard, Shawn Eric Eckardt & Derrick Brian Smith arrested & charged with conspiracy in attack of skater Nancy Kerrigan

1995 – America3 becomes 1st all-female crew to win an America’s Cup race

1998 – CBS pays $4 billion to televise AFC games for 8-years

2000 – Microsoft chairman Bill Gates steps aside as chief executive and promotes company president Steve Ballmer to the position

2001 – Earthquake measuring magnitude 7.6 strikes El Salvador, killing more than 840 people

2007 – Two thirds of the Venus’s southern hemisphere suddenly brightened as something triggered aerosols to form at a furious rate.

2012 – Cruise ship, Costa Concordia, runs aground at Isola de Giglio, Italy, with at least 15 deaths

 

 

 

Births

1334 – King Henry II of Castile (d. 1379)

1381 – St Colette, abbess/reformer (Poor Clares)

1406 – Matteo Palmieri, Italian writer (Della vita civile)

1505 – Joachim II Hector, ruler (Brandenburg)

1562 – Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)

1596 – Jan J Goyen, Dutch landscape painter

1610 – Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)

1616 – Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic/French religious fanatic

1720 – Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)

1749 – Friedrich Müller, painter and dramatist (d. 1825)

1807 – Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1883

1808 – Salmon P Chase, (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)

1812 – Humphrey Marshall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1872

1815 – William Henry French, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881

1832 – Horatio Alger, Jr., Chelsea Massachusetts, American minister and author (Lost at Sea, Work & Win)

1845 – Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)

1861 – Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)

1864 – Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)

1869 – Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WW I)/fascist

1870 – Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist (d.1959)

1878 – Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)

1881 – Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (d. 1961)

1884 – Sophie Tucker, [Kalish], Russia, singer/last of red hot mammas

1885 – Alfred Fuller, CEO (Fuller Brush Man)

1892 – Paul Smart, US, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1948)

1893 – Clarke Ashton Smith, US, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)

1901 – A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)

1903 – Kay Francis, [Katherine E Gibbs], Oklahoma City, actress (False Madonna)

1909 – Danny Barker, jazz guitarist

1918 – Lester Sill, pioneer music publisher/record producer

1919 – Army Archerd, Hollywood columnist/TV host (Movie Game)

1919 – Robert Stack, LA California, actor (Eliot Ness-Untouchables, Airplane)

1925 – Gwen Verdon, LA, actress/singer/dancer (Cotton Club, Sweet Charity)

1926 – Pamela M Cunnington, English architect/author (Change of Use)

1927 – Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)

 

 

 

1929 – Joseph Anthony Passjazz guitarist

 

All the Things You Are

Duets in Hannover with Ella Fitzgerald

Jambalaya with Roy Clark

 

 

 

 

1930 – Frances Sternhagen, Wash DC, actress (Outland, Starting Over)

1931 – Charles Nelson Reilly, NYC, actor (Match Game, Ghost & Mrs Muir)

1933 – Nurdin Jivraj, Tanzanian/British hotel magnate (Buckingham Intl)

1933 – Ron[ald Joseph] Goulart, US, sci-fi author (Deadwalk, Plunder)

1934 – Rip Taylor, Washington, D.C., American actor and comedian (Gong Show, $1.98 Beauty Show)

1935 – Mauro Forghieri, Italian automotive & mechanical engineer (Scuderia Ferrari)

1935 – Elsa Martinelli, Italian actress

1938 – Billy Gray, LA California, actor (Bud-Father Knows Best)

1941 – Meinhard Nehmer, German DR, 2 man bobsledder (Olympic-gold-1976)

1943 – Richard Moll, Cal, actor (Night Court, House, Dungeonmaster, Survivor)

1945 – [Eileen] Joy[ce] Chant [Rutter], UK, sci-fi author (High Kings)

1947 – Peter Sundelin, Sweden, yachtsmen (Olympic-gold-1968)

 

 

 

1948 – ‘T Bone‘ Burnettrocker

 

Zombieland

Driving Wheel

Every Little Thing

 

 

 

 

1948 – Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur

1949 – Brandon Tartikoff, TV exec (NBC)

1949 – Rakesh Sharma, India, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11)

1952 – Cornelius Bumpus, keyboardist (Doobie Bros-Minute by Minute)

1952 – Sharon Gabet, Fort Wayne IN, actress (Edge of Night, Another World)

1954 – Vicki McCarty, Los Angeles Ca, playmate (Sep, 1979)

1955 – Fred White, rocker (Earth Wind & Fire-Shining Star, Easy Lover)

1955 – Trevor Rabin, rocker (Yes)

1956 – Janet Hubert-Whitten, actress (Vivian Banks-Fresh Prince of Bel Air)

1956 – Jay McInerney, writer (Bright Lights, Big City)

1956 – Malcolm Foster, rock bassist (Pretenders-Mystery Achievement)

1957 – Christina Seufert, Sacraento California, diver (Olympic-bronze-1984)

1957 – Don Snow, rocker (Squeeze)

1961 – Graham “Suggs” McPherson, Sussex, rock vocalist (Madness-Our House)

1961 – Julia Louis-Dreyfus, NYC, comedienne (SNL, Seinfeld, Soul Man, Troll)

1963 – Felita Carr, Fort Lauderdale Fl, dance skater (& Komarov-1995 Pac Champ)

1963 – Tim Patrick Kelly, Trenton NJ, guitarist (Slaughter-Stick it Live)

1964 – Penelope Ann Miller, LA Ca, actress (Kindergarden Cop) [or Feb 13]

1966 – Joseph Harper, Ventura California, canoe (alt-Olympics-96)

1966 – Patrick Dempsey, Lewiston Me, actor (Mike-Fast Times)

1969 – Andre Cason, US runner (world record 50 indoor)

1969 – Katarzyna Nowak, Lodz Poland, tennis star (1994 Futures France)

 

 

 

1970 – Anne-Marie GoddardUtrechtum Netherlandsplaymate (Jan, 94)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1970 – Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (d. 2004)

1972 – Nicole Eggert, Glendale California, actress (Charles in Charge, Baywatch)

1973 – Gloria Yip, Hong Kong actor

1975 – Angela Holbeck, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1976 – Vaclav Batlik, Costa Mesa California, canoe (alt-Olympics-96)

1976 – Michael Peña, American actor

1977 – Orlando Bloom, Kent England, English actor (Pirates of the Caribbean, The Lord of the Rings)

1983 – William Hung, American Idol contestant

 

 

 

Deaths

86 BC – Gaius Marius, Roman general and politician (b. 157 BC)

533 – Remigius van Reims, 1st bishop of Reims (459-533)/saint, dies about 96

703 – Empress Jitō of Japan (b. 645)

858 – Aethelwolf, king of Wessex (Battle at Aclea), dies

888 – Charles III, the Fat One, King of Franconia/Roman emperor, dies

1049 – Derrick IV, Count of Holland (1039-49), dies in battle

1138 – Simon I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1076)

1151 – Abbot Suger, French statesman and historian (b. 1081)

1177 – Hendrik Jasomirgott Babenberg, Duke of Austria, dies. (b. 1107)

1330 – Frederick I (III), the Fair, Duke of Austrian/German anti-king, dies (b. 1286)

1363 – Meinhard III of Gorizia-Tyrol (b. 1344)

1488 – Hermann Vischer, “the Old”, buried

1599 – Edmund Spenser, poet (Faerie Queene), dies at about 46

 

 

 

1630 – Yuan ChonghuanChinese military commander (b. 1584)

 

 

 

 

 

1658 – Edward Sexby, English Puritan soldier (b. 1616)

1682 – Simon van Leeuwen, Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 55

1691 – George Fox, founder of Quakers, dies at 66

1790 – Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (b. 1712)

1796 – John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)

1853 – Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest, humanist and revolutionary (b. 1783)

1864 – Stephen Foster, composer (My Old Kentucky Home), dies at 37 in NY

 

 

 

1882 – Wilhelm MauserGerman weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)

 

 

 

 

 

1906 – Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)

1924 – Georg H Quincke, German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89

1928 – Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer, dies at 57

 

 

 

1929 – Wyatt EarpUS marshal (OK Corral), dies at 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

1934 – Jean-Baptiste Marchand, soldier/explorer (Sudan), dies at 70

1939 – Jacob Ruppert, CEO (NY Yankees, 1915-39), dies

1941 – James Joyce, novelist (Ulysses), dies in Zurich Switzerland, at 58

1962 – Ernie Kovacs, comedian, dies in a car crash in West LA, at 42

1978 – Hubert Humphrey, (Sen-D-Minn, VP), dies at 66 in Waverly, Minn

1979 – Donny Hathaway, Chicago Ill, rocker (Ghetto), commits suicide at 33

1980 – Andre Kostelanetz, Russian conductor, dies at 78

1985 – Carol Wayne, Johnny Carson’s teatime movie hostess, dies at 42

1992 – Josef Neckermann, German founder mail-order firm/travel bureau, dies

1996 – Willian Myuon Bany Guerrilla leader, dies

2002 – Ted Demme, American film director (b. 1963)

2002 – Gregorio Fuentes, Cuban fisherman, reputed model for Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea (b. 1897)

2003 – Norman Panama, American screenwriter and director (b. 1914)

2004 – Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountain climber (b. 1937)

2004 – Harold Shipman, British serial killer (b. 1946)

2006 – Marc Potvin, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1967)

2007 – Michael Brecker, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1949)

2007 – Danny Oakes, racecar driver (b. 1911)

2009 – Doña Mary Ejercito, Filipino supercentarian, mother of Joseph Ejercito Estrada (b. 1905)

2009 – Patrick McGoohan, American actor (b. 1928)

2009 – Nancy Bird Walton, Australian aviator (b. 1915)

2010 – Teddy Pendergrass, American R&B singer (b. 1950)

2010 – Jay Reatard, American garage punk musician (b. 1980)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

475 – Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople.

1493 – Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily

1528 – Gustav I of Sweden crowned king of Sweden.

1552 – Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, 100s killed

1616 – Brazilian city Belem (the entrance gate to the Amazon) founded by Captain Major Francisco Branco

1773 – 1st US public museum established (Charlestown SC)

1807 – Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden Neth, 150 die

1812 – 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez

1816 – France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever

1820 – Royal Astronomical Society founded in England

1836 – Battle of Wetumka, Fla

1839 – Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn

1863 – President Davis delivers his “State of Confederacy” address

 

 

 

1865 – -13] Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC

 

 

 

 

 

1866 – The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.

 

 

 

1879 – British Zulu War beginsLt-General Chelmsford invades Zululand

 

 

 

 

 

1895 – The National Trust is founded in Britain.

1896 – 1st X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)

1900 – Freeland Colony founded in US

 

 

 

1908 – Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown Pakilling 170 (OS , 13th)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1904 – Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garrison

1906 – 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)

1906 – Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman’s cabinet (which included amongst its members H.H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election.

1912 – -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)

1924 – History of Science Society organized at Boston

1929 – Seatrain (RR cars on ships) service begins, New Orleans-Havana

1932 – Hattie W Caraway elected 1st woman senator (D-Ark)

1933 – US Congress recognize independence Philippines

1933 – Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies

1937 – Plow for laying submarine cable patented

1940 – World War II: Soviets bombs cities in Finland.

1942 – British troops reconquer Sollum

1942 – Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender

1942 – National War Labor Board created

1943 – Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)

1944 – Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterd

1945 – German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge

1945 – US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea

1945 – World War II: The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe.

1948 – 1st Supermarket in UK opens

1948 – Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

1948 – US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)

1949 – “Arthur Godfrey & His Friends” premieres on CBS TV

1949 – Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter

1950 – Swedish tanker rams British submarine Truculent in Thames, 64 die

1950 – USSR re-introduces death penalty for treason, espionage & sabotage

1952 – University of Tennessee admits it’s 1st black student

1953 – 9 “Jewish” physicians arrested for “terrorist activities” in Moscow

1954 – Austria’s worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115

1958 – NCAA adds 2 point conversion to football scoring

1961 – UN genocide pact goes into effect

1963 – “Go Away Little Girl” by Steve Lawrence peaks at #1

1966 – “Batman” with Adam West & Burt Ward premieres on ABC TV

1966 – LBJ says US should stay in S Vietnam until communist aggression ends

1967 – Louisville, Ky, draft board refuses exemption for boxer Muhammad Ali

1967 – Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.

1969 – Superbowl III: NY Jets beat Balt Colts, 16-7 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Joe Namath, NY Jets, QB

1970 – Biafran War ends, Biafra surrenders to Nigeria

1970 – Boeing 747 makes its maiden voyage

1970 – Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war.

1971 – “All in the Family” premieres on CBS featuring 1st toilet flush on TV

1971 – Congressional Black Caucus organizes

1971 – Fed grand jury indicts Rev Philip Berrigan & 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger

1974 – “Joker” by Steve Miller Band peaks at #1

1974 – Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as “Islamic Arab Republic”

1975 – Chrysler Corp offers 1st car rebates

1975 – Superbowl IX: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Minnesota Vikings, 16-6 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Franco Harris, Pittsburgh, RB

1976 – UN Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Org

1977 – Anti-French demonstrations takes place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes

1979 – LA’s Hillside Strangler, Kenneth Bianchi, arrested in Bellingham

1979 – Record blizzard struck midwest killing over 100

1981 – “Dynasty” with Joan Collins premieres on ABC-TV

1981 – -35°F (-37°C), Chester, Massachusetts (state record)

1983 – Brooks Robinson & Juan Marichal elected to Hall of Fame

1988 – Willie Stargell (Pitts Pirate), elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1989 – 6 claim to survive in rubble, 35 days after Armenian quake (hoax)

1989 – Idi Amin expelled from Zaire

1990 – Civil Rights activist Rev Al Sharpton is stabbed in Bensonhurst Bkln

1991 – Melvin Stewart swims world record 200 m butterfly (1:55.69)

1991 – US Congress gives George Bush authority to wage war against Iraq

1992 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Christopher Bowman

1994 – Malcolm X’s daughter arrested for plotting Louis Farrakham’s murder

1994 – Steve Carlton (Phillies) elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1995 – Major earthquake kills 5,092 in Kobe Japan

1995 – Murder trial against OJ Simpson, begins in LA

1997 – HAL became operational (2001: A Space Odyssey)

1997 – Ice skater Oksana Baiul injured slightly whiled driving intoxicated

1998 – Nineteen European nations agree to forbid human cloning.

2004 – The world’s largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage.

2005 – Deep Impact (space mission) launches from Cape Canaveral on a Delta 2 rocket.

2006 – A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims.

2006 – Turkey releases Mehmet Ali Ağca from jail after he served 25 years for shooting Pope John Paul II.

2006 – The French warship Clemenceau reaches Egypt and is barred access to the Suez Canal. Greenpeace activists board the ship.

2007 – Comet McNaught reaches perihelion becoming the brightest comet in more than 40 years.

2010 – Earthquake occurs in Haiti killing 230,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince

Births

1483 – Count Henry III of Nassau-Breda, Stadholder of Holland and Zeeland 1515-1521 (d. 1538)

1492 – Andreas Alicatus, Italian author

1562 – Charles Emanuel I, the great, Duke of Savoy

1579 – Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist, (found boiling point temperature)

1580 – Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)

1588 – John Winthrop, 1st governor (Mass Bay Colony)

1628 – Charles Perrault, Paris France, author (Mother Goose)

1638 – Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austrian fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars)

1716 – Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general (d. 1795)

1721 – Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, Prussian general (d. 1792)

 

 

 

1729 – Edmund BurkeBritish author (Philosophy & Inquiry)

 

 

 

 

 

1792 – Robert Patterson, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881

1814 – Jones Mitchell Withers, Mjr General (Confederate Army), died in 1890

1819 – Zealous Bates Tower, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1900

1822 – Étienne Lenoir, French engineer (d. 1900)

1825 – Joseph Robert Davis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896

1826 – Charles Cruft, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883

1832 – Richard Waterhouse Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876

1852 – Joseph J C Joffre, French fieldmarshal (Indo China, Marne)

1853 – Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, Italian mathematician (tensor analysis)

1871 – Paul Guthnick, German astronomer

1876 – Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild)

1878 – Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian/US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk)

1879 – Ray Harroun, American race car driver (d. 1968)

1892 – Mikhail Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1976)

1893 – Hermann Goering, propoganda minister (Nazi Germany)

1896 – Rex Ingram, Ireland, actor/director (Elmer Gantry, God’s Little Acre)

1899 – Paul H Muller, Swiss chemist (DDT-Nobel 1948)

1902 – Ibn Abdul-Aziz Saud, Kuwait, king (Saudi Arabia)

1902 – Simon H Spoor, Dutch gen/intelligence officer for Gen MacArthur

1903 – Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist – helped develop 1st Soviet nuclear weapon

1904 – Mississippi Fred McDowell, jazz artist

1905 – James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (d. 1997)

1906 – Henny Youngman, England, comedian (Take my wife please…)

1906 – Tex Ritter, Texas, country singer (5 Star Jubilee, Wayward Wind)

1907 – Sergei Korolev, scientist

1908 – Clement Hurd, American illustrator (d. 1988)

1910 – Charles Martin, cartoonist

1910 – Luise Rainer, Austria, actress (Escapade, Good Earth, Big City)

1915 – Joseph Roy George Ralston, pilot

1915 – Martin Agronsky, journalist (1952 Peabody, 1961 DuPont-Columbia)

1916 – A P[ieter] W Botha, Orange Free State, president of South Africa

1917 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian spiritualist (d. 2008)

1920 – James Farmer, Marshall, Tex, civil rights leader

1921 – John Henry Davis Jr, Smithtown NY, weightlifter (Olym-gold-1948, 52)

 

 

 

1923 – Ira HayesAmerican Marine , Iwo Jima  (d. 1955)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1926 – Ray Price, country singer (Good Times)

 

 

 

1928 – Ruth BrownAmerican singer (d. 2006)(see also UE 11/17 Deaths)

 

 

Mama He Treats Your Daughter Mean

Ain’t Nobody’s Business with BB King

A Good Day For The Blues

Ice Water In Your Veins

 

 

 

 

1929 – Alasdair MacIntyre, Scottis-born American philosopher

1930 – Glenn Yarborough, singer (Limeliters-Honey & Wine, Jubilee)

1934 – Burdette Haldorson, US, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1956, 60)

1935 – “Amazing” Kreskin, Montclair NJ, mentalist/telepath

1935 – William Lee Gloden, Brewton Al, country singer (Oak Ridge Boys)

1941 – Long John Baldry, England, blues vocalist (Don’t try to Lay No Boogie)

1942 – Vladimir Sergeyevich Kozelsky, cosmonaut (Soyuz 24 backup)

1942 – Bernardine Dohrn, former leader of the radical leftist organization Weather Underground

1944 – Joe Frazier, Beaufort SC, HW boxer (Olympic-gold-1964)/champ (1968-73)

1944 – Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate

1946 – Cynthia Robinson, rock trumpeteer (Sly & Family Stone-Everyday People)

1946 – George Duke, San Rafael Ca, rocker

1947 – Tom Dempsey, NFL record-holder (longest field goal, 63 yards)

1949 – Wayne Wang, director (Chan is Missing, Slamdance)

1949 – Michael W. Vannier, American radiologist

1950 – Marilyn R Smith, microbiologist

1950 – Sheila Jackson Lee, American politician

1950 – Ricky Ray Rector, American murderer (d. 1992)

1951 – Drew Pearson, former NFL all-pro receiver

1951 – Kirstie Alley, Wichita Ks, actress (Star Trek II, Cheers-Rebecca)

 

 

 

1951 – Ann AlthouseAmerican law professor

 

 

 

 

 

1951 – Larry Hoppens, rocker (Orleans-Still the One, Dance With Me)

1951 – Rush Limbaugh, Girardeau Missouri, American right wing radio personality

1951 – Rob Zombie, American law professor

1952 – Ricky Van Shelton, country musician

1954 – Howard Stern, Roosevelt NY, “Radio’s Bad Boy” (WKRK, WYSP, WJFK)

1957 – John Lasseter, American animation director

1960 – Dominique Wilkins, NBA forward (Atlanta Hawks)

1964 – Jeff Bezos, Albuquerque New Mexico, American entrepreneur and founder of Amazon.com

1965 – Rob Zombie, American musician

 

 

 

1967 – Vendela [Kirsebom], Stockholm Swedenmodel (Sports Illustrated 1993)

 

 

 

 

 

1968 – Heather Mills, Aldershot England, model/writer (Out on a Limb)

1970 – Jenny Griffith, Burbank California, WPVA volleyballer (National-13th-1995)

1970 – Raekwon, American rapper

1970 – Zack de la Rocha, American musician (Rage Against the Machine)

1972 – Priyanka Gandhi, daughter of Rajiv Gandhi

1972 – Randy Sklar, American comedian

1974 – Melanie Jayne Chisholm, “Sporty Spice”, Widnes, vocalist (Spice Girls)

1974 – Tor Arne Hetland, Norwegian cross-country skier

1976 – Miki Nakatani, Japanese actress and singer

1977 – Sara Walsh, South Bend In, fencer-foil (Olympics-96)

1978 – Amerie, American singer and songwriter

1979 – Jenny Schmidgall, ice hockey forward (USA, Oly-98)

1982 – Hans Van Alphen, Belgian decathlete

 

 

 

Deaths

689 – Benedict Biscop, English saint, dies

1049 – Abu Sa’id ibn Aboa al-Chair, Persian mystic, dies at 81

1167 – Aelred of Hexham/Rievaulx, English abbot/saint, dies at about 56

1321 – Maria of Brabant, wife of Philip III of France (b. 1256)

1390 – Peter van Herenthals, Dutch theologist/church historian, dies at 67

1537 – Lorenzo di Credi, Italian painter, dies

1665 – Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician (Fermat therorem), dies at 63

1732 – John Horsley, British archaeologist (b. 1685)

 

 

 

1777 – Hugh MercerAmerican Revolutionary War officer (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1726)

 

 

 

 

 

1897 – Isaac Pitman, British inventor (Pitman Shorthand) (b. 1813)

1899 – Hiram Walker, American distiller (b. 1816)

1909 – Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864)

1928 – Ruth Snyder, 1st woman to die in electric chair

1943 – Jan R T Campert, Dutch resistance fighter/poet (18 Dead), dies at 40

1944 – Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)

1958 – Charles Mallory Hatfield, U.S. rainmaker (b. 1875)

1960 – Nevil Shute [Norway], Eng/Aust author (Town like Alice), dies at 60

1962 – Ernie Kovacs, comedian (Ernie Kovacs Show), killed in auto crash at 42

1965 – Porcupine, in Washington DC zoo, dies at 27; oldest known rodent

 

 

 

1970 – Blanche Stuart ScottUS pilotdies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Caryn Campbell, Bundy victim, disappears from Snowmass, Colo

1976 – Agatha Christie, mystery writer (10 Little Indians), dies at 85

1977 – Henri-Georges Clouzot, director (Diabolique, Truth), dies at 69

1978 – Nancy Spungen, stabbed to death by boyfriend Sid Vicious

1981 – Beulah Bondi, actress (It’s a Wonderful Life), dies at 89

1991 – Keye Luke, actor (Charlie Chan’s No 1 Son), dies after a stroke at 86

1992 – Walt Morey, US children’s book writer (Gentle Ben), dies at 84

1996 – Edmund Happold, engineer, dies at 65

1996 – John Howard Purnell, scientist, dies at 70

1996 – Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper, dies at 76

1996 – Joachim Nitsche, German mathematician (b. 1926)

1997 – Charles Huggins, surgeon/medical researcher, dies at 95

1999 – Betty Lou Gerson, American voice actress (b. 1914)

 

 

 

2001 – AffirmedAmerican racehorse Triple Crown Winner (b. 1975)

 

 

 

 

 

2001 – William Hewlett, American engineer and businessman (b. 1913)

2002 – Cyrus Vance, 57th U.S. Secretary of State (b. 1917)

2003 – Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (b. 1912)

2003 – Leopoldo Galtieri, dictator of Argentina (b. 1926)

2003 – Maurice Gibb, British singer, songwriter, and musician (Bee Gees) (b. 1949)

2003 – Allan Nunn May, English physicist and Soviet spy (b. 1911)

2004 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1921)

2005 – Alessia di Matteo, first survivor of eight transplants in one operation (b. 2003)

2005 – Amrish Puri, Indian actor (b. 1932)

2007 – Alice Coltrane, American jazz musician (b. 1937)

2009 – Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher (b. 1912)

2012 – Reginald Hill, British crime author, dies of brain cancer at 75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

532 – Nika-revolt against Justianus & Theodora in Hippodrome Constantinople
1055 – Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire.
1158 – Vladislav II of Bohemia becomes king
1558 – Westmunster Church in Middelburg destroyed by heavy storm
1569 – 1st recorded lottery in England is drawn in St Paul’s Cathedral
1571 – Emperor Maximilian II grants Austrian adel freedom of religion
1599 – Jacob van Necks fleet leaves Bantam Java with pepper, clove & muskaat
1693 – Mt Etna erupts, Sicily
1709 – Colley Cibber’s “Rival Fools,” premieres in London
1753 – Ferdinand VI of Spain & Pope Benedictus XIV sign concord
1758 – Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East-Prussia [NS=Jan 22]
1759 – 1st American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia
1765 – Frisia bans Voltaires “Traité sur la tolérance”
1774 – Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog
1775 – Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
1779 – Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur.
1785 – Continental Congress convenes in NYC
1787 – Titania & Oberon, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Herschel
1790 – Statisten & Vonckisten unite as Belgium
1794 – Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal is killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US marshal to die while carrying out his duties.
1803 – Monroe & Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans; they buy La
1805 – Michigan Territory organizes
1813 – 1st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1/21)
1839 – Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal – 700 die
1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to earn medical degree
1861 – Alabama becomes 4th state to secede from the Union
1861 – Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
1863 – Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
1863 – Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
1864 – Charing Cross Station opens in London
1865 – Battle of Beverly, WV
1866 – Steamship London sinks in storm off Land’s End, England and kills 220
1867 – Benito Juárez becomes the Mexican president again.
1873 – 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover’s Journal, Chicago
1879 – Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins
1885 – Henrik Ibsen’s “Vildauden,” premieres in Oslo
1892 – Hawaiian Historical Society founded
1892 – William D McCoy of Indiana appointed US minister to Liberia
1893 – Jaap Eden skates world record 1500m (2:35)
1897 – M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah)
1904 – Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, begin uprising
1912 – Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts
1913 – 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)
1915 – Col Jacob Ruppert & Col Tillinghast Huston purchase Yanks for $460,000
1916 – French troops capture/Serbian army flees to Corfu
1917 – Guy Bolton & PG Wodehouse’s “Have a Heart,” premieres in NYC
1919 – 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
1919 – Romania annexes Transylvania
1920 – French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
1922 – Insulin 1st used to treat diabetes (Leonard Thompson, 14, of Canada)
1923 – 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
1923 – French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations
1925 – Frank Kellogg replaces Charles Hughes on as US Sect of State
1927 – Royale Theater (Golden, CBS Radio Playhouse) opens at 242 W 45th NYC
1935 – Amelia Earhart flies from Honolulu to Oakland Ca (non-stop, of course)
1936 – Charles Anderson enters Kentucky House of Representatives
1938 – Bradman scores a second innings 113 v Qld after a ton in the 1st
1938 – Frances Moulton elected 1st woman president of a US national bank
1940 – Sergei Prokofiev’s ballet Romeo & Juliet premieres in Leningrad
1941 – Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton
1942 – -23°F (-31°C), Kingston, Rhode Island (state record)
1942 – Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya
1943 – US & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
1944 – Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
1946 – Bert Bell becomes 2nd NFL commissioner, moves Chicago HQ to Phila
1946 – Enver Hoxha declares People’s Rep of Albania with himself dictator
1949 – Snowfall 1st recorded in Los Angeles
1952 – Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Marianne Moore
1953 – J. Edgar Hoover declines 6 figure offer to become president of International Boxing Club
1954 – 2 ton locomotive swept into ravine by avalanche 10 die (Austria)
1957 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
1957 – Mass-murderer Jack Gilbert Graham is executed via the Gas Chamber.
1959 – Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Theodore Roethke
1959 – Hanif Mohammad completes 499 for Karachi, then 1st class world record
1959 – Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Mayfair Golf Open
1959 – NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 28-21
1960 – Chad declares independence from France
1960 – Lamar Clark sets pro boxing record of 44 consecutive knockouts
1961 – Racial riot at University of Georgia
1962 – Volcano Huascaran in Peru, erupts; 4,000 die
1963 – 1st discotheque opens, Whiskey-a-go-go in LA
1963 – Beatles release “Please Please Me” & “Ask Me Why”
1964 – “She Loves Me” closes at Eugene O’Neill Theater NYC after 302 perfs
1964 – 1st government report warning smoking may be hazardous to one’s health
1964 – Beatles “I Want to Hold Your Hand” is #80 in US (Cashbox)
1964 – Panama ends diplomatic relations with US
1964 – US Surgeon General Luther Terry reports that smoking may be hazardous
1966 – “Daktari” African adventure series premieres on CBS TV
1966 – 550 die in landslides in mountains behind Rio de Janeiro after rain
1967 – Romeinse Curie installs Council for Pontifical Study commission
1968 – Explorer 36 (GEOS-B) launched into earth orbit (1080/1570 km)
1969 – “Hooked on a Feeling” by BJ Thomas peaks at #5
1969 – Jethro Tull’s This Was Jethro Tull album debuts
1970 – Superbowl IV: KC Chiefs beat Minnesota Vikings, 23-7 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Len Dawson, Kansas City, QB
1971 – 1st “Quickie” Divorce granted in UK
1971 – Tigers ace reliever John Hiller, 27, sufferes a heart attack, but later makes a remarkable comeback to record 38 saves
1972 – East-Pakistan becomes independent state of Bangladesh
1972 – Abu Sayeed Chudhury becomes president & sheik Mujib ur-Rahman premier
1973 – American League adopts designated hitter rule
1973 – Famous victory at the SCG Pakistan chasing 158 all out 106
1973 – Trial of Watergate burglars begins in Wash DC
1974 – ABC airs final episode of “Love, American Style”
1975 – Soyuz 17 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 4
1976 – “Pacific Overtures” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 193 perfs
1976 – Dorothy Hamill wins her 3rd consec natl figure skating champions
1976 – Military coup in Ecuador, Pres Guillermo Lara leaves
1976 – Stephen Sondheim’s musical “Pacific Overtures,” premieres in NYC
1976 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill
1976 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Terry Kubicka
1977 – Bollingen Prize awarded to David Ignatow
1977 – Cubs trade outfielder Rick Monday to Dodgers for Bill Buckner
1977 – France releases Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in massacre of Israeli athletes at 1972 Munich Olympics
1978 – Gov Askew dedicates RCUC solar office building
1978 – Soyuz 27 links with Salyut 6 & Soyuz 26 (1st time 3 spacecraft link)
1979 – “Grand Tour” opens at Palace Theater NYC for 61 performances
1980 – Debut of Pretenders
1981 – “Tintypes” closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 93 performances
1981 – Palau adopts constitution
1981 – Brit team led by Ranulph Fiennes completes longest & fastest crossing of Antarctica, reaching Scott base after 75 days (2,500 miles)
1982 – Atlanta Ga’s temperature goes below zero F
1982 – Honduras adopts constitution
1983 – Billy Martin named NY Yankee manager for 3rd time
1984 – Denver Nuggets 163, San Antonio Spurs 155-highest-scoring NBA game
1984 – STS 41-B vehicle moves to launch pad
1984 – Supreme Court reinstated $10M award to Karen Silkwood’s family
1986 – 1st black lt gov since reconstruction sworn in (Douglas Wilder of Va)
1987 – Largest crowd (76,633) at NFL NY Giant Stadium (beat Wash 17-0)
1988 – Test debut of Phil Simmons, WI v India, Madras
1988 – USSR announces it will participate in Seoul Summer Olympics
1989 – 140 nations agree to ban chemical weapons (poison gas, etc)
1989 – Denver Nuggets’ rookie Jerome Lane misses 7 free throws in a game against Milwaukee, one missed by 2 feet
1989 – Kindergarten student caught with loaded handgun at Bronx school
1990 – 200,000 demand return of Lithuania’s independence
1990 – Actor Joseph Cotton undergoes vocal cancer operation at 84
1990 – Bobby Knight becomes basketball’s Big 10 winningest coach (229)
1990 – Pat Lafontaine sets NY Islander record of scoring goals in 11 straight
1991 – Congress empowers Bush to order attack on Iraq
1991 – Ric Flair wins NWA/WCW wrestling title
1991 – Soviets storm buildings in Vilnius to block Lithuania independence
1991 – Ben Johnson 1st race after being stripped of his 1988 Olympic Gold medal for steroid use, he finished 2nd
1992 – Algeria’s Pres Chadli announces his resignation
1992 – Paul Simon opens a tour in South Africa
1992 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Kristi Yamaguchi
1993 – Howard Stern’s radio show begins transmitting to Buffalo NY (WKBW)
1993 – Independent pres candidate Ross Perot publicly returns to politics
1994 – Hyderabad score 6 for 944 against Andhra Pradesh in Ranji Trophy
1994 – Irish government announces end of a 20-year broadcasting ban on IRA
1995 – 5th TV network (WB) Warner Brothers begins (WPIX-TV in NYC)
1995 – Birmingham Barracudas granted CFL franchise
1995 – DC-9 crashes near Maria La Baya, Colombia: 51 die, 9 yr old girl lives
1995 – NHLPA & owners agree to end NHL strike
1996 – Space Shuttle STS 72 (Endeavour 10), launches into space
1996 – Haiti becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1997 – 23rd People’s Choice Awards: Bill Cosby wins
1997 – Martina Hingis beats Jennifer Capriati at Sydney Tennis Intl
1997 – Telstar 401 Satellite Fails
1998 – “Proposals,” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 76 performances
1998 – 24th Annual People’s Choice Awards – Seinfeld, Tim Allen win
1998 – AFC Championship: Denver Broncos beat Pitt Steelers 24-21
1998 – NFC Championship: Green Bay Packers beat SF 49’ers 23-10
1998 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Michelle Kwan
1998 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge
1998 – Sidi-Hamed massacre takes place in Algeria, over 100 people are killed.
1999 – 26th American Music Award: Celine Dion & Eric Clapton win
2013 – 46 people are killed and 12 are missing after a landslide buries a village in the Yunnan province, China
2013 – 29 people are killed and 12 are injured after a bus veers off a mountain road in Doti, Nepal

Births

347 – Emperor Theodosius I “The Great” of Rome (d. 395)
889 – Abd-ar-Rahman III, Emir and Caliph of Cordoba (d. 961)
1322 – Emperor Komyo of Japan (d. 1380)
1359 – Emperor Go-En’yu of Japan (d. 1393)
1395 – Michelle of Valois, Duchess of Burgundy (d. 1422)
1403 – Jan IV, Duke of Brabant/Limburg
1449 – Domenico Ghirlandajo, Italy, renaissance painter
1503 – Francesco Parmigianino, Italian artist (Madonna with the Long Neck)
1591 – Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (d. 1646)
1630 – John Rogers, American President of Harvard in the US (d. 1684)
1671 – François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (d. 1745)
1703 – Columban Praelisauer, composer
1720 – Gijsbert John van Hardenbroeck, Utrechts regent
1723 – Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (d. 1774)
1727 – Franz Sebastian Haindl, composer
1746 – Frantisek Adam Mica, composer
1746 – William Curtis, English botanist/publisher (Botanical Magazine)
1750 – Johann Jakob Walder, composer
1755 – Alexander Hamilton, Charlestown, Nevis, West Indies, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury, (d. 1804)
1757 – Samuel Bentham, English mechanical engineer (d. 1831)
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