Category: Uncurrent Events


Today In The Past

 

 

Events

597 BC – Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.

1079 – Iran adopts solar Hijrah calendar

1190 – York Progrom: Jews living in York, England, besieged in Clifford’s Tower and massacred or commit sucide rather than submit to baptism

1249 – The Servite Order is officially approved by Cardinal Raniero Capocci, papal legate in Tuscany.

 

 

 

1322 – The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.

 

 

 

 

 

1345 – Holy spirit glides above fire: “the miracle of Amsterdam” (legend)

1521 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches Philippines

1527 – Battle at Khanua: Mogol Emperor Babur beats Rajputen

1621 – Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Mass

1689 – The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.

1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden is shot Count Anckarström at a masked ball at the Opera; he dies on March 29.

 

 

 

1802 – Law signed to establish US Military Academy (West Point, NY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1802 – US army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)

1818 – Second Battle of Cancha Rayada – Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.

1830 – New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)

1833 – Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman grad of a pharmacy college

1836 – Texas approves a constitution

1850 – Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Scarlet Letter” published

1861 – Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union

1861 – Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy.

1862 – Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles

1865 – Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)

1867 – First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in The Lancet.

1869 – Hiram R Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

1881 – Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts

1882 – US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross

1900 – Sir Arthur Evans finds old city of Knossus

1910 – Barney Oldfield uses a Benz to break the existing records at Daytona Beach Road Course (131.25mph)

1912 – Mrs William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Wash DC

1915 – Brit battle cruisers Inflexible & Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelle

1916 – US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty

1926 – Robert Goddard launches 1st liquid fuel rocket, goes 184′ (56 meters)

1930 – USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a natl shrine

1934 – Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act

1939 – Germany occupies Czechoslovakia

1940 – German air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow

1941 – Blizzard hits North Dakota & Minnesota killing 60

 

 

 

1945 – Allies secure Iwo Jima

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers.

1947 – Convair Liner, 1st US twin-engine pressurized airplane, tested

1955 – President Eisenhower upheld the use of atomic weapons in case of war

1962 – 1st launching of Titan 2-rocket

1964 – Paul Hornung & Alex Karras reinstated in NFL after 1 year suspension

1968 – My Lai massacre occurs (Vietnam War); 450 die

1968 – Robert Kennedy announces presidential campaign

1968 – General Motors produces its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado.

1972 – John & Yoko are served with deportation papers

1974 – 1st performance at new Grand Ole Opry House at Opryland in Nashville

1975 – US Mariner 10 makes 3rd & final fly-by of Mercury

1977 – US president Carter pleads for Palestinian homeland

1978 – Amoco Cadiz spills 223,000 tons of crude oil off French coast

1978 – Red Brigade kidnaps former premier Aldo Moro in Italy, 5 killed

1978 – US Senate accepts Panama Canal treaty

1984 – Gunmen kidnap William Buckley, CIA station chief in Beirut

1985 – Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson taken hostage in Beirut

1985 – Denny McLain, pitcher; convicted of racketeering, sentenced to 25 yrs

1991 – 7 of Reba McEntire band members are killed in a plane crash

1991 – Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Munich won by Kristi Yamaguchi

1992 – Matt Keough, in the dugout, is hit flush in the head by a batted ball

1994 – Tonya Harding pleads guilty to felony attack on Nancy Kerrigan

1995 – Dow-Jones hits record 4069.15

 

 

 

1997 – Sandline affairOn Bougainville Islandsoldiers of commander Jerry Singirok arrest Tim Spicer and his mercenaries of the Sandline International.

 

 

 

 

 

2003 – The largest coordinated worldwide vigil takes place, as part of the global protests against Iraq war.

2005 – Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.

 

 

Births

1338 – Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick (d. 1401)

1445 – Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (d. 1510)

1473 – Henry IV the Pious, Duke of Saxony (d. 1541)

1581 – Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch historian and writer (d. 1647)

1634 – Contessa Marie Madeleine La Fayette, novelist

 

 

 

1739 – George ClymerUS merchant (signed Decl of IndConstitution)

 

 

 

 

 

1750 – Caroline Lucretia Herchel, Hanover, Germany, 1st mod woman astronomer

 

 

 

1751 – James MadisonPort Conway Va, (D-R), 4th US president (1809-17)

 

 

 

 

 

1787 – Georg Simon Ohm, physicist (discovered Ohm’s Law)

1802 – George Archibald McCall, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1806 – Norbert Rillieux, inventor (sugar refiner)

1812 – Henry Dwight Terry, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869

1822 – John Pope, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1832 – Charles Camp Doolittle, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteer)

1834 – James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)

1836 – Andrew S Hallidie, inventor (cable car)

1840 – Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (d. 1931)

1846 – Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (d. 1927)

1849 – James E Smith, became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger

1851 – Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (d. 1931)

1859 – Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)

1884 – Harrison Ford, Kansas City, Missouri, silent screen actor (Rubber Tires, Vanity Fair, Love In High Gear)

1903 – Mike Mansfield, (Sen-D-Mont) majority whip

1906 – Henny Youngman, London England, comedian (Take my wife please)

1911 – Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (d. 1979)

1912 – Patricia Nixon, [Thelma Catherine], Ely Nevada, 1st lady (1968-74)

1920 – Leo McKern, Sydney Aust, actor (Blue Lagoon, Help, Mouse that Roared)

1920 – Traudl Junge, Hitler’s secretary (d. 2002)

1920 – Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)

1925 – Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (d. 2004)

1926 – Jerry Lewis, [Levitch], comedian/fund raiser (MDA), loved in France

1927 – Daniel Patrick Moynihan, US ambassador to UN/(Sen-D-NY, 1977- )

1932 – Ronnie Walter Cunningham, Creston Iowa, Col USMC/astronaut (Apollo 7)

1933 – Ruth Bader Ginsberg, justice (US Supreme Court)

1933 – Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist

1936 – Thelma Hopkins, England, high jumper (Oly-silver-1956)

1940 – Bernardo Bertolucci, Parma Italy, director (Last Tango in Paris)

1940 – Chuck Woolery, Ky, TV game show host (Love Connection)

1943 – Ursula Goodenough, Evolutionary Scholar, Cell Biologist

1946 – Erik Estrada, NYC, actor (CHiPs, Cross & Switchblade, Lightblast)

1948 – Margaret [Edith] Weis, US, sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning)

1951 – Kate Nelligan, London Ontario, actress (Bethune, Eye of the Needle)

1952 – Philippe Kahn, French-American entrepreneur

1953 – Richard Stallman, American free software activist

1954 – Nancy Wilson, SF, rock guitarist (Heart-Never, What about Love)

1954 – Colin Ireland, Kent, England, serial killer (‘Gay Slayer’/ Coleherne killer), (d. 2012)

1955 – Isabelle Huppert, Paris France, actress (Cactus, Heaven’s Gate)

1955 – Jiro Watanabe, Japanese boxer

1958 – Kate Worley, American comic book writer (d. 2004)

1959 – Michael J Bloomfield, Flint Mich, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 86)

1959 – Flavor Flav, American rapper, and reality tv star

1963 – Phung Vuong, Saigon Vietnam, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1964 – Gore Verbinski, American movie director

1965 – Cindy Brown, US, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1988)

1974 – Fotini Vavatsi, Greek archer

1976 – Nick Spano, American actor

1978 – Brooke Burns, American actress

1985 – Nicole Trunfio, Australian supermodel

1987 – Tiiu Kuik, Estonian model

1989 – Peaches Geldof, English Dosser

1991 – Wolfgang Van Halen, son of Eddie Van Halan & Valerie Bertinelli

 

 

Deaths

455 – Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (b. 419)

1021 – Heribert of Cologne, Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Emperor Otto III

1037 – Robert I, Archbishop of Rouen

1072 – Adalbert, archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg, dies

1322 – Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, English soldier (b. 1276) dies in battle at Boroughbridge

1410 – John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (b. 1373)

1485 – Anne Neville, queen of Richard III of England (b. 1456)

1536 – Ibrahim Pasha, grand-visier of Osmaanse Rich, murdered at about 45

1649 – St. Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)

1679 – John Leverett, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1616)

1737 – Benjamin Wadsworth, President of Harvard University (b. 1670)

1738 – George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72

1838 – Nathaniel Bowditch, astronomer/navigation expert, dies at 64

1841 – Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist, dies at 49

1888 – Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (b. 1801)

 

 

 

1903 – Judge Roy BeanAmerican jurist

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – Gaston Calmette, editor (Le Figaro), killed by Mme Caillaux at 55

1914 – John Murray, piloted HMS Challenger to Christmas Island, dies

1926 – Sergeant Stubby, decorated World War I dog

1935 – John J R Macleod, Scot/Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), dies at 58

1941 – John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Challenger), dies at 73

1946 – Marius HLW “Max” Blokzijl, Dutch Nazi propagandist, executed at 61

1959 – John Sailling, last documented Civil War vet, dies at 111

1961 – Chen Geng, Chinese military leader (b. 1903)

1970 – Tammi Terrell, soul singer (You’re All I Need), dies of brain tumor at 24

1971 – Thomas E Dewey, US president candidate (R 1944, 48), dies at 68

 

 

 

1975 – T-Bone Walkerblues guitarist (Funky TownWell Done), dies at 64

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1978 – Aldo Moro, 5 times PM of Italy, assassinated by terrorists

1983 – Arthur Godfrey, TV host (Arthur Godrey Show), dies at 79

1984 – John Hoagland, American photographer (b. 1947)

1991 – 7 members of Reba McIntire’s band, killed in a plane crash

1992 – Renzhong Weangn, China politician (1934-45), dies

1993 – Mohammed Hussein Nagdi, Iran diplomat/resistance fighter, murdered

1995 – Clan Fraser of Lovat, soldier/Landowner, dies at 83

1998 – Derek Harold Richard Barton, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)

2000 – Thomas Ferebee, Hiroshima bombardier (b. 1918)

2001 – Bob Wollek, French race car driver (b. 1943)

2005 – Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (b. 1914)

2006 – David Feintuch, American sci-fi author (b. 1944)

2008 – G. David Low, American astronaut (b. 1956)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Today In The Past

 

 

Events

44 BC – Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.

221 – Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself emperor of Shu-Han and claims his legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty.

351 – Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.

493 – Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy

933 – Battle at Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyaren

1311 – Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.

1360 – France invasion army lands on English south coast, conquers Winchel

1382 – Conservative “Popolo Grasso” regain power in Florence Italy

1391 – Jew hating Monk in Seville Spain stirs up people to attack Jews

1493 – Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after 1st new world voyage

1545 – First meeting of the Council of Trent.

1560 – Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise France

1580 – Spanish king Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of prince Willem of Orange

1672 – King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence

1729 – Sister St Stanislas Hachard, 1st US nun, takes her vows, N Orleans

1778 – Nootka Sound, Vancouver Is discovered by Capt Cook

 

 

 

1781 – Battle of Guilford Court HouseSC (British suffer heavy losses)

 

 

 

 

 

1783 – In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New YorkGeorge Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh ConspiracyThe plea is successful and the threatened coup d’etat never takes place.

 

 

 

 

 

1820 – Maine admitted as 23rd state

1827 – Freedom’s Journal, 1st Black newspaper, publishes

1827 – University of Toronto is chartered

1848 – A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.

1862 – Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN

1864 – Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, LA

1867 – Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university

1869 – Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team

1875 – 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested

1887 – 1st salaried fish & game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)

 

 

 

1889 – 6 US & German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa200 die

 

Ships At Anchor Before The Hurricane

German Corvette Olga


SMS Adler

 

 

 

German Warship Eber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1892 – 1st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (NYC)

1892 – NY State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)

1897 – 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden

1901 – Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th

1906 – Brits Rolls, Royce & Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd

1912 – Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins

1913 – 1st presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)

1915 – Neth merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed & sinks in North Sea

1916 – Gen Pershing, 15,000 troops chasing Villa into Mexico, stays 10-mos

1919 – American Legion forms (Paris)

1923 – Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke

1930 – 1st seaplane glider flown, Port Washington, NY

1930 – 1st streamlined submarine of US navy, USS Nautilus, launched

1937 – 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)

1941 – Blizzard in ND kills 151

1943 – Red Army evacuates Kharkov

 

 

 

1944 – Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators

1945 – Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)

1947 – John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy

1952 – Greatest 24-hr rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean

1954 – “CBS Morning Show” premieres with Walter Cronkite & Jack Paar

1955 – US Air Force unveils self-guided missile

1957 – 3rd nation to explode a nuclear bomb (Britain)

1959 – Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s

 

 

 

1960 – Key Largo(PennekampCoral Reef Preserve established (1st underwater park)

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated

1962 – 5 research groups announce simultaneously discovery of anti-matter

1962 – Donald Jackson of Canada, is 1st to land a triple lutz ice skate jump

1962 – Wilt Chamberlain is 1st to score 4,000 pts in an NBA season

1964 – LBJ asks for a War on Poverty

1965 – T.G.I. Friday’s 1st restaurant opens in NYC

1966 – Racial riots erupt in the Watts section of Los Angeles

1968 – Bob Beamon sets indoor long jump record (27’2-3/4″)

1968 – LIFE mag calls Jimi Hendrix “most spectacular guitarist in the world”

1968 – US Mint stops buying & selling gold

1969 – US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigns

1969 – Violent Chinese-Russian border dispute leaves 100s dead

1971 – Chatrooms make their debut on the Internet

1972 – Assassination attempt on governor George Wallace of Alabama

1972 – NASA selects 3 part configuration for Space Shuttle

1975 – Bundy victim Julie Cunningham disappears from Vail, Colo

1977 – “Eight is Enough” premiers on ABC-TV

1977 – US House of Reps begin 90 day test of televising its sessions

1978 – -21] operation Litani: Israeli offensive in South Lebanon

1982 – Nicaragua suspends their citizens rights for 30 days

1985 – The first Internet domain name is registered (symbolics.com).

1986 – Funeral services held for Swedish PM Olaf Palme

1988 – Eugene Marino of Atlanta, appointed 1st African American archbishop

1988 – NASA reports accelerated breakdown of ozone layer by CFK

1989 – Dept of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position

1989 – NY Rangers retire goalie Eddie Giacomin’s #1 uniform

1991 – 4 LA police are charged with beating Rodney King

1991 – Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record 6.14m (20 feet 1 3/4)

1992 – UN officially embarks on its largest peacekeeping operation

1999 – Pluto again becomes outermost planet

2004 – Announcement of the discovery of 90377 Sedna, the farthest natural object in the Solar system so far observed.

 

 

 

Births

76 – HadrianRoman Emperor (builder of Hadrian’s Wall)

 

 

 

 

 

938 – Romanos II, Byzantine emperor (d. 963)

1275 – Margaret Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1318)

1493 – Anne Pierre Adrien duke of Montmorency, marshal of France

1591 – Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)

1638 – Shunzhi Emperor of China

1666 – George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden). Died 1738

1713 – Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, astronomer who mapped the So Hemisphere

 

 

 

1767 – Andrew JacksonCarolinasGeneral/(D7th pres (1829-37)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1790 – Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)

1801 – Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer

1811 – Robert Allen, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1886

1813 – John Snow, English epidemiologist (d. 1858)

1821 – Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)

1821 – Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)

1830 – Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)

1831 – Edward Aylesworth Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1835 – John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)

1854 – Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)

1858 – Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding)

1866 – Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)

1868 – Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)

1873 – Lee Shubert, producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him)

1874 – Harold L Ickes, social activist, New Deal politician

1887 – Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)

1892 – James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)

1901 – J Pat O’Malley, England, actor (Touch of Grace, Gunn, Star!)

1905 – Berthold Schenck von Stauffenberg, attempted to assassinate Hitler

1905 – Joe E Ross, comedian (Gunther Toody-Car 54, Ritzik-Phil Silvers Show)

1907 – Jimmy McPartland, jazz trumpeteer/actor (Magic Horn)

1912 – Duncan Stuart Wilson-MacDonald, fighter pilot

 

 

 

1912 – Lightnin‘ [SamHopkinsTexasblues guitarist (Lightnin’s Blues)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1913 – Jack Fairman, British racing driver (d. 2002)

1914 – Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)

1916 – Geert Lubberhuizen, publisher (Busy Bee)1916 – Harry James, Albany Ga, trumpeter (married to Betty Grable)

1920 – Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)

1920 – E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1923 – George Vogel, race horse trainer

1923 – Laurence A Tisch, NYC, CEO (Loews Corp)

1924 – Juij Bondarew, writer

1926 – Norm Van Brocklin, NFL QB/coach (LA Rams), hall of famer

1927 – Carl Smith, Maynardville Tn, country singer (Grand Ole Opry)

1927 – Philip Vincent Belloc Jebb, architect

1930 – Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1932 – Alan Lavern Bean, Wheeler Texas, Capt USN/astronaut (Ap 12, Skylab 3)

1932 – David Alliance, Iran/British textile factory/multi-millionaire

1933 – Cecil Perceval Taylor, composer/jazz pianist (U of Wisconsin)

1935 – Jimmy Lee Swaggart, evangelist

1935 – Judd Hirsch, Bronx, actor (Alex-Taxi, Dear John, Ordinary People)

1940 – Phil Lesh, [Chapman], California, rock bassist (Grass Roots, Grateful Dead)

1941 – Mike Love, California, rock saxophonist/vocalist (Beachboys-In My Room)

1943 – David Cronenberg, Toronto Ontario, director (Shivers, Fly, Brood)

1944 – David Costell, Pitts, rocker (Gary Lewis & the Playboys-Diamond Ring)

1944 – Sly Stone, Dallas, rocker (Sly & the Family Stone-Everyday People)

1945 – Jorgen Sundelin, Sweden, yachtsmen (Olympic-gold-1968)

1946 – Bobby Bonds, baseball player (Giants, Yankees, etc)

1946 – Howard Scott, San Pedro Cal, rock guitarist/vocalist (War, Cisco Kid)

 

 

 

1947 – Ry[land] CooderLAblues guitarist (Crossroads)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 – Tomas Pettersson, Sweden, cyclist (Olympic-silver-1968)

1955 – Dee Snider, Massapequa NY, (Twisted Sister-We’re Not Gonna Take It)

1957 – Park Overall, Tenn, actress (Laverne-Empty Nest, Mississippi Burning)

1959 – Renny Harlin, Finnish film director

1961 – Fabio [Lanzoni], Italy, romance novels model (Fabio After Dark)

1962 – Terrence Trent D’Arby, NYC, rock vocalist (Wishing Well)

1963 – Bret Michaels, Harrisburg Pa, guitarist (Poison-Talk Dirty to Me)

1968 – John Tardy, US heavy metalist (Obituary, Slowly We Rot)

1968 – Mark McGrath, American musician (Sugar Ray)

1968 – Jon Schaffer, American guitarist (Iced Earth)

1971 – Penny Lancaster, English model

1974 – John “Beatz” Holohan, American musician

1975 – Will.i.am, American musician

1976 – Jennifer 8. Lee, American journalist

1978 – Takeru Kobayashi, Japanese competitive eater

1978 – Sid Wilson, American musician (Slipknot)

1979 – Kevin Youkilis, American baseball player

1985 – Antti Autti, Finnish snowboarder

1985 – Tom Chilton, British racing driver

 

 

Deaths

44 BC – Julius Caesar, Roman military and political figure, is stabbed to death at 55

220 – Cao Cao, King of Wei (b. 155)

493 – Odiaker (Odoacer), German army leader/King of Italy (476-93), murdered

752 – Zachary, Greek/Italian Pope (741-52), dies [or Mar 22]

963 – Romanus II, Byzantine emperor (959-63), dies at 25

1034 – Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies

1145 – Pope Lucius II

1311 – Walter V of Brienne, Duke of Athens at the Battle of Halmyros

1670 – John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (b. 1597)

 

 

 

1881 – Emory UptonUS Union Major-Gen (Selma), commits suicide at 42

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (b. 1819)

1898 – Henry Bessemer, English metallurgist (b. 1813)

 

 

 

1929 – Pine-Top Smithjazz pianist (Boogie Woogie Piano), dies at 24

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1937 – H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (b. 1890)

1951 – John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)

1966 – Abe Saperstein, founder (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 63

1975 – Aristotle S Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, dies at 69

1983 – Rebecca West, English writer (b. 1892)

1990 – Tom Harmon, NFL tail back (Heisman Trophy), dies at 70

1990 – Farzad Bazoft, Iranian-born journalist (hanged) (b. 1958)

1991 – Budd [Lawrence] Freeman, US jazz saxophonist (Eel), dies at 84

1994 – Mae Zetterling, Swedish actress (Night Games), dies at 68

1995 – Florence Chadwick, American swimmer, dies at 86

2003 – Paul Stojanovich, Reality TV pioneer (b. 1956)

2004 – Sir William Pickering, New Zealand-born space scientist (b. 1910)

2004 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1925)

2005 – Shoji Nishio, Japanese martial artist (b. 1927)

2007 – Charles Harrelson, American hitman and father of Woody Harrelson (b. 1938)

2007 – Bowie Kuhn, American commissioner of baseball (b. 1926)

2008 – Mikey Dread,Jamaican singer (b. 1954)

2009 – Ron Silver, American actor (b. 1946)

2011 – Nate Dogg, American rapper, Nathaniel Dwayne Hale. (b. 1969)

2011 – Smiley Culture, British reggae singer, David Victor Emmanuel. (b. 1962)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

1489 – The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice.

1558 – Ferdinand I appointed Holy Roman emperor

1559 – Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Neth

1590 – Battle at Ivry: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League

1629 – England granted a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony

1644 – England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)

1647 – Thirty Years’ War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.

1689 – Scotland dismisses Willem III & Mary Stuart as king & queen

1743 – 1st American town meeting (Boston’s Faneuil Hall)

1757 – On-board the HMS Monarch, English Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty.

1794 – Eli Whitney patents cotton gin

1812 – Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812

1821 – African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)

1845 – -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen

1862 – Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern

1864 – Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana

1869 – Defeat of Titokowaru , NZ

1888 – 2nd largest snowfall in NYC history (21″)

1889 – German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his “Navigable Balloon”

1900 – US currency goes on gold standard

1910 – Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere.

1912 – King Vittorio Emanuel III of Rome injured during assassination attempt

1913 – John D Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

1915 – German cruiser Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile

1916 – Battle of Verdun – German attack on Mort-Homme ridgeWest of Verdun

1918 – 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF

1931 – 1st theater built for rear movie projection (NYC)

1933 – Civilian Conservation Corp, begins tree conservation

1936 – Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue

1937 – Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio

1939 – Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia

1943 – World War II – The Kraków Ghetto is ‘liquidated’.

1950 – FBI’s “10 Most Wanted Fugitives” program begins

1951 – During Korean War, US/UN forces recapture Seoul

1953 – Nikita Khrushchev succeeds Malenkov as secretary Comm Party

1958 – RIAA certifies 1st gold record (Perry Como’s Catch A Falling Star)

1960 – Wilt Chamberlain (Phila) sets NBA playoff record of 53 points

1971 – Rolling Stones left England for France to escape taxes

1971 – South Vietnamese troops flee Laos

1976 – Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 7,000th race

1980 – Polish airliner crash kills all 87 aboard (22 are US amateur boxers)

1983 – OPEC cut oil prices for 1st time in 23 years

1984 – Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast.

1985 – Michael Secrest (US) completes 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards

1986 – European Space Agency’s Giotto flies by Halley’s Comet (605 km)

1987 – Skier Piotr Fijas jumps record 194m

1990 – Mikhail S Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress

1991 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kurt Browning (CAN)

1992 – Farm Aid V

1992 – Soviet newspaper “Pravda” suspends publication

1993 – Johan Koss skates world record 5km (6:36.57)

1993 – Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Prague won by Oksana Baiul (UKR)

1994 – Mexican banker/billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu kidnapped

1994 – Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released.

1995 – 1st time 13 people in space

2003 – Start of weekend of protests against war in Iraq that are attended by millions

2005 – Cedar Revolution, where over one and a half million Lebanese went into the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

Births

1623 – Adam-Nicolas Gascon, composer

1638 – Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710)

1692 – Peter Musschenbroek, Dutch physician/physicist (Leyden jar)

1782 – Thomas Hart Benton, (rep), “Old Bullion

1800 – James Bogardus, US inventor/builder (made cast-iron buildings)

1808 – Catharinus Putnam Buckingham, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1816 – Montgomery Dent Corse, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

1823 – Roswell Sabine Ripley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887

1833 – John Sappington Marmaduke, Major General (Confederate Army)

1833 – Lucy Hobbs Taylor, 1st US woman dentist (1866)

1835 – Giovanni V Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (Mars) [or March 4]

1854 – Paul Ehrlich, Germany, bacteriologist (Nobel-1908)

1864 – [JohnCasey JonesRR engineer (Ballad of Casey Jones)

1874 – Anton F Philips, president-director of Philips

1879 – Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate (theory of relativity)

1882 – Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)

1884 – Albert Egges van Giffen, Dutch archaeologist

1885 – Raoul Lufbery, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)

1894 – Osa Johnson, American explorer (d. 1953)

1903 – Molla Mustafa Barzani, Iran, Kurd leader (KDP)

1908 – Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; d. 1991)

1912 – Les Brown, Reinerton Pa, orchestra leader (& his band of renown)

1914 – Henry Ralph Carr, soldier

1914 – Lee PettyAmerican racecar driver (d. 2000)

1916 – Horton Foote, American author, playwright and screenwriter

1920 – Dorothy Tyler-Odam, Great Britain, high jumper (Oly-silver-36, 48)

1920 – Hank Ketcham, cartoonist (Dennis the Menace)

1921 – Lis Hartel, Denmark, equestrian dressage (Olympic-silver-1952, 56)

1921 – S. Truett Cathy, founder of Chick-fil-A

1923 – Diane Arbus, photographer/innovator

1927 – Bill Rexford, auto racer

1928 – Frank Borman, Gary Ind, astronaut (Gem 7, Ap 8)/CEO (Eastern Airline)

1929 – Thomas Bell Jr, race horse trainer

1933 – Michael Caine, [Maurice J Micklewhite], Londonactor (Alfie)

1933 – Quincy Jones Jr, Chicago Ill, composer/singer (We Are The World)

1934 – Eugene A Cernan, Chicago, Capt USN/astronaut (Gemini 9, Apollo 10 17)

1934 – Shirley Scott, swing/blues organist (with Stanley Turrentine)

1940 – Rita Tushingham, Liverpool England, actress (Green Eyes, Dr Zhivago)

1941 – Wolfgang Petersen, Emden Germany, actor (Shattered, Enemy Mine)

1942 – Jerry Jeff WalkerOneonta NYcountry singer (Mr Bojangles)

VIDEOS

1945 – Michael Martin Murphy, Dallas Tx, country singer (Wildfire)

1945 – Walt Parazaider, Chicago Ill, rock saxophonist (Chicago)

1946 – Wes Unseld, NBA all-star (Baltimore Bullets, MVP 1969)

1947 – Billy Crystal, Long Beach NY, comedian (Soap, Saturday Night Live, City Slickers)

1949 – Michael Stedman, British World War I Historian and Author

1951 – Rick Dees, radio disc jock (KIIS LA)

1951 – Jerry Greenfield, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream

1952 – J Fred Muggs, chimp (Today show)

1953 – Tim McKee, US, 400m medley swimmer (Olympic-silver-1972)

1954 – Adrian Zmed, Chicago Ill, actor (TJ Hooker, Dance Fever)

1954 – David La Croix, race horse trainer

1955 – Boon Gould, rock guitarist (Level 42-Hot Water)

1956 – Natalya Dmitriyevna Kuleshova, Russia, cosmonaut

1956 – Tessa Sanderson, Kingston Jamaica, Brit javelin thrower (Oly-gold-84)

1958 – Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre, Prince of Monaco/bobsledder (Oly-1988)

1960 – George Horvath, Sweden, pentathlete (Olympic-1980)

1961 – Gary Dell’Abate, producer (Howard Stern Show)

1961 – Greg Anderson, American NHRA driver

1963 – Pedro Duque, Madrid Spain, engineer/astronaut (STS 78 alt, sk:95)

1965 – Kiana Tom, American fitness guru and model

1965 – Kevin Williamson, American screenwriter

1969 – Laura Leighton, actress (Sydney-Melrose Place, Other Woman)

1977 – Aki Hoshino, Japanese model

1983 – Jordan Taylor Hanson, Tulsa OK, singer (Hansons-MMMMbop)

Deaths

840 – Eginhard, French nobleman/biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), dies at 69

968 – Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen (c. 895)

1272 – Re Enzo, Italian poet/son of Emp Frederik II von Hohenstaufen, dies

1298 – Petrus Johannis Olivi, South France theologist, dies

1457 – Jingtai Emperor of China (b. 1428)

1559 – Jacques d’Auchy, Walloon baptist merchant, executed

1573 – Claude II, of Lotharingen, duke of Aumale/murdered adm Coligny, dies

1590 – Philip van Egmont, general/prince of Gavere, dies in battle at Ivry at 30

1648 – Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (b. 1584)

1748 – George Wade, British military leader (b. 1673)

1757 – John ByngEnglish Admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca

1805 – Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, Russian general (b. 1753)

1823 – Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)

1883 – Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

1925 – Walter Camp, father of American football, dies at 65

1932 – George Eastman, US industrialist (Kodak-camera), suicide at 77

1933 – Balto, husky dog who brought back the antitoxin in 1925

1949 – John Callan O’Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)

1973 – Murat B “Chic” Young, US comic strip artist (Blondie), dies at 72

1975 – Susan Hayward, actress (Young & Willing), dies at 56

1986 – Marlin PerkinsTV host (Wild Kingdomat 80

1991 – Jerome “Doc” Pomus, lyricist (Save Last Dance for Me), dies at 65

1991 – Margery Sharp, children’s author (b. 1905)

1992 – C V Wood Jr, theme park developer (Disneyland), dies of cancer at 71

1992 – Steven Brian Pennell, 1st execution in Delaware in 45 years at 34

1995 – Johan W “Jo” van Marle, CEO (KNVB, 1980-93), dies at 70

1995 – William A Fowler, US nuclear/astro physicist (Nobel 1983), dies at 83

1996 – Vic Marshall, chemist, dies at 74

1997 – Fred Zinnemann (director), dies of heart attack at 89

1997 – John Curtis Jr, pres/CEO (Luby’s Cafe), commits suicide at 58

2006 – Ann Calvello, Roller Derby Queen (b. 1929)

2008 – Anthony Minghella, English Oscar winning film director (b. 1954)

2009 – Altovise Davis, American entertainer, best known as Sammy Davis, Jr.’s third wife. (b. 1943)

2010 – Peter Graves [Aurness], American actor (b. 1926)

Today In The Past

Events

483 – St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

607 – 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1138 – German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned

1519 – Cortez lands in Mexico

1567 – Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger

1569 – Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots

1591 – Battle at Tondibi: Moroccans army under Judar beats sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai

1677 – Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000

1781 – Sir William Herschel sees “comet” (really discovered Uranus)

1852 – Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly

1865 – Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers

1865 – US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service

1868 – Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson’s impeachment trial

 

 

 

1884 – Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs

1888 – Great Blizzard of 1888 rages

1894 – J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate

1897 – San Diego State University is founded.

1900 – British troops occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State

1900 – In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.

1913 – Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

1915 – Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit

1921 – Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China

1925 – Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution

1930 – Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory

1933 – Banks reopen

1933 – Josef Goebbels becomes German minister of Information & Propaganda

1935 – Driving tests introduced in Great Britain

1943 – Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

1949 – US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman

1949 – US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1950 – General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record)

1951 – Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany

1954 – Braves’ Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron

 

 

 

1954 – Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on Dien Bien Phu

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba

1961 – Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

1961 – Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender

1962 – Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty

1963 – 2 Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska

1965 – Jeff Beck replaces Eric Clapton of the Yardbirds

1967 – Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death

1969 – Apollo 9 returns to Earth

1970 – Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer

1980 – Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:13.60)

1980 – Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto

1981 – Attempt on Pope John Paul II by Mehemet Ali Agca

1982 – Ice Dance Championship at Copenhagen won by Torvill & Dean (GRB)

1982 – Ice Pairs Championship at Copenhagen won by Baess & Thierbach (GDR)

1982 – Men’s Fig Skating Champions in Copenhagen won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

1982 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skate Champs in Copenhagen won by Elaine Zayak (USA)

1982 – Elaine Zayak, lands 6 triple jumps to win world skating championship

1985 – Michael Secrest (US) begins 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards

1986 – Microsoft has its Initial public offering.

1987 – John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering

1989 – 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown

1991 – Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines & cleanup of Valdez oil spill

1992 – FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12)

1992 – Martina Navratilova & Judy Nelson settle their galamony suit

1993 – Blizzard of ’93 hits north-east US

1996 – Dunblane massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by a spree killer who then commits suicide.

1997 – The Phoenix lights were seen over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television. They are now a hotly debated controversy.

2003 – Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.

2005 – Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.

2008 – Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.

2012 – Encyclopedia Britannica announces that it will no longer publish printed versions of its encyclopedia

 

 

Births

1372 – Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)

1548 – Sasbout Vosmeer, Dutch Catholic theologist/apostole

1683 – John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)

1696 – Louis F A D Duke de Richelieu, French marshal

1719 – John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)

1720 – Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)

1733 – Joseph Priestly, England, clergyman/scientist (discovered oxygen)

1764 – Charles Earl Grey, (Whig), British PM (1830-34)

1770 – Daniel Lambert, England, giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death)

1818 – Albion Parris Howe, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897

1820 – Louis Herbert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

 

 

 

1855 – Percival “Percy” LowellUS astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto)

 

 

 

 

 

1886 – John “Home Run” Baker, hall of famer (hit 2 HR in 1911 world series)

1904 – Henry Iliffe Cozens, pilot

1908 – Walter Annenberg, Milwaukee, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide)/Amb to GB

1911 – L[aFayette] Ron Hubbard, sci-fi writer/scientologist (Dianetics)

1912 – James Friell, political cartoonist

1913 – Sammy Kaye, saxophonist (Swing & Sway with Sammy Kaye)

1913 – William J Casey, headed CIA during Iran-contra scandal (1981-87)

 

 

 

1914 – Edward O’HareAmerican pilot (d. 1943)

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Allan Jaffee, comic strip cartoonist/illustrator (MAD Magazine)

1923 – William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)

1925 – Roy Haynes, US jazz drummer (Trio Music with Chick Corea)

1926 – Raul Alfonsín, Argentine pres (1983-89) (or 3/12/1927)

1929 – Peter Breck, Rochester NY, actor (Black Saddle, Big Valley, Benji), (d. 2012)

1929 – Walter Medio, race horse trainer

1933 – Mike Stoller, composer (Lieber & Stoller-Hound Dog, Charlie Brown)

1935 – Michael Walzer, American philosopher

1936 – Clarence Nash, animation voice (Donald Duck)

1938 – Joseph Bellino, footballer (1960 Heisman Trophy)

1939 – Neil Sedaka, Bkln NY, singer/songwriter (Breaking Up is Hard to Do)

1942 – Dave Cutler, American software engineer

1945 – Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician

1946 – Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier (d. 1976)

1949 – Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (d. 1974)

1950 – Joe Bugner, Hungarian/British/Australian boxer (European Champ 1971)

1950 – William H Macy, Miami FL, actor (Homicide, Water Engine)

1950 – Charles Krauthammer, American political commentator

1951 – Fred Berry, St Louis Mo, actor (Rerun-What’s Happening)

1953 – Deborah Raffin, LA California, actress (Ransom, Demon, 40 Carats)

1954 – Robin Duke, Toronto Canada, comedienne (SNL, SCTV, Club Paradise)

1955 – Glenne Headly, New London CT, actress (Dick Tracy, Making Mr Right)

1955 – Olga Rukavishnikova, USSR, pentathlete (Olympic-silver-1980)

1956 – Dana Delany, NYC, actress (Colleen McMurphy-China Beach, Exit to Eden)

1958 – Debi Nicolle Johnson, Torrance California, playmate (October, 1984)

1959 – Kathy Hilton, socialite-Hilton Hotels, mother of Nikki Hilton and Paris Hilton

1960 – Adam Clayton, Oxfordshire, rock bassist (U2-I Will Follow)

1967 – Colleen Rosensteel, S Greensburg PA, heavyweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1971 – Annabeth Gish, American actress

1971 – Robert Lanham, American author and satirist

1974 – Corinna Broiz, Garberville Colo, lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1974 – Thomas Enqvist, Stockholm Sweden, tennis star (1991 Wimbledon jr boys)

1977 – Ed Sloan, American musician (Crossfade)

1978 – Tom Danielson, American cyclist

1978 – Karina Smirnoff, Ukrainian dancer

1987 – Marco Andretti, American racecar driver (grandson of Mario Andretti)

 

 

Deaths

1202 – Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies

1271 – Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)

1395 – John Barbour, Scottish poet

1516 – Vladislav II Jagiello, king of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60

1558 – Jean Fernel, French physician/physiologist, dies

1619 – Richard Burbage, English actor (Shakespeare), dies

1773 – Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)

1803 – William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)

 

 

 

1842 – Henry ShrapnelBritish soldier and inventor (b. 1761)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1879 – Adolf Anderssen, German world champ chess (1851..66), dies at 60

1881 – Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62

1884 – Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)

1901 – Benjamin Harrison, 23rd pres (1889-1893), dies in Indianapolis at 67

1906 – Susan Brownell Anthony, American suffragist, dies at 85

1911 – Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80

 

 

 

1911 – John J. ToffeyAmerican Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)

 

TOFFEY, JOHN J. Photo

 

 

 

 

1938 – Clarence S Darrow, Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at 80

1938 – Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)

1941 – A Coenradi, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1941 – Bernard Ijzerdraat, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1941 – E Hellendoorn, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1941 – Isaak E Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46

1941 – J Eyl, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1943 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)

1949 – Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)

1963 – Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)

 

 

 

1964 – Kitty Genovesestabbed to death in Queens40 neighbors looked on

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)

1971 – Rockwell Kens, US artist/painter/illustrator, dies at 88

1972 – Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)

1977 – Fanie Lou Hamer, freedom fighter, dies

1977 – Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison

1982 – Wilfred Hawker, Suriname sgt-major, executed

1983 – Louison Bobet, French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55), dies at 58

1986 – Alvaro Fayad Delgado, Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies

1990 – Bruno Bettelhelm, Austrian/US psychoanalyst, commits suicide at 86

1991 – Jimmy McPartland, US, jazz cornetist, dies

1993 – Ralph Smith Fults, US gangster (Bonnie & Clyde gang), dies at 82

1994 – Danny Barker, US banjo player/guitarist (Bourbon St Black), dies at 85

1994 – Edward James “Murt” O’Donoghue, snooker player

1995 – Leon Day, pitcher (Negro Leagues), dies of heart failure at 78

1998 – Hans von Ohain, German engineer (b. 1911)

1999 – Lee Falk, American cartoonist (b. 1911)

1999 – Garson Kanin, American writer and director (b. 1912)

2006 – Maureen Stapleton, American actress (b. 1925)

2006 – Robert C. Baker, Inventor of the chicken nugget (b. 1921)

2010 – He Pingping, the world’s shortest man who was able to walk. (b. 1988)

2011 – Owsley Stanley, Sound Engineer for The Grateful Dead and renowned LSD manufacturer (b. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

538 – Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.

1000 – Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, replacing Victor III

1054 – Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome

1144 – Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II

1350 – Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples

1365 – University of Vienna founded

1496 – Jews are expelled from Syria

1597 – England routes troops to Amiens

1609 – Bermuda becomes an English colony

1619 – Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia

1737 – Galileo’s body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy

1755 – 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine

1849 – 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif

1850 – 1st US $20 gold piece issued

1868 – Congress abolishes manufacturer’s tax

1868 – Henry O’Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.

1884 – Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women

1888 – 2nd day of the Great blizzard of ’88 in NE US (400 die)

1894 – In Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.

1904 – Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund

1912 – Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

1912 – Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC

1916 – French airship sinks British submarine D3

1930 – Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax

1933 – FDR conducts his 1st “fireside chat”

1935 – England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages

1938 – Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)

1940 – Finland surrenders to Russia during WW II, gives Karelische Isthmus

1945 – NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment

1947 – Pres Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

1956 – Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)

1964 – Jimmy Hoffa sentenced to 8 years

1964 – Malcolm X resigns from Nation of Islam

1967 – Austria’s Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet

1974 – Bundy victim Donna Manson disappears, Evergreen SC, Olympia, Wash

1980 – Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago

1982 – PLO chief Yassar Arafat appears on “Nightline”

1984 – British ice dancing team, Torvill & Dean, become 1st skaters to receive 9 perfect 6.0s in world championships

1986 – 210.25 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

 

 

 

1986 – Susan Butcher wins 1,158 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race

 

 

 

 

 

1989 – Madagascar AREMA party wins parliamentary election

1992 – Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

1993 – 317 killed by bomb attacks in Bombay

1995 – Men’s Figure Skating Champions in Birmingham won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)

1995 – Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Birmingham won by Chen Lu (CHN)

2003 – Elizabeth Smart, was found after having been missing for 9 months.

2011 – A reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant melts and explodes and releases radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after Japan’s earthquake.

2012 – 45 people, including children, are massacred by the Syrian Army in Homs

2012 – China records its highest trade deficit in over a decade

 

 

 

Births

1270 – Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (d. 1325)

1336 – Eduard, Duke of Gelre (1361-71) husband of Catharina of Bayern

1479 – Giuliano de’ Medici, monarch of Florence

1515 – Caspar Othmayr, composer

1613 – André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)

1637 – Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)

1647 – Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)

1685 – George Berkeley, Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne

1781 – Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)

1808 – Gerrit van der Linde Jz, “Schoolmaster”, Dutch poet

1816 – David Stuart, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1818 – John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), died in 1897

1823 – William Flank Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

1824 – Gustav R Kirchoff, Prussia, physicist (spectral analysis)

1827 – John Robert Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

1827 – William Richard Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897

1830 – William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870

1831 – Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)

1835 – Simon Newcomb, US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer

1838 – William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)

1863 – Gabriele D’Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (Intruder)

1863 – Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)

1864 – W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)

1880 – Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)

1881 – Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)

1890 – William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)

1891 – Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist

1891 – George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)

1895 – William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)

 

 

 

1896 – Jesse “Lone Cat” FullerSan Francisco Blues Great

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1907 – Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)

1918 – Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)

1921 – Giovanni Agnelli, CEO (Fiat Automakers)

1921 – Gordon MacRae, East Orange NJ, singer/actor (Oklahoma, Carousel)

1922 – Jack Kerouac, Beat writer (On the Road, Mexico Blues)

1923 – Hjalmar Andersen, Norway, 1500, 5K, 10K speed skater (Oly-gold-1952)

1923 – Walter M Schirra Jr, Hackensack NJ, Capt USN/ast (Mer 8, Gem 6, Ap 7)

1925 – Harry [Maxwell] Harrison, UK, sci-fi author (Deathworld Trilogy), (d. 2012)

1925 – Leo Esaki, [Esaki Reona], Japan, physicist (Tunnel effect-Nobel 1973)

1926 – Freddie Williams, Port Talbot, Wales, motorcycle speedway rider (world champion, 1950, 1952), (d. 2013)

1927 – Raul Alfonsin, president (Argentina)

1928 – Edward Albee, Washington, DC, playwright (Virgina Woolfe, Zoo Story)

1929 – Bernard Costello, US, double sculls (Olympic-silver-1956)

1930 – Scoey Mitchill, Newburgh NY, comedian (Barefoot in the Park, Rhoda)

 

 

 

1931 – William “Buckwheat” Thomasactor (Little Rascals)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1931 – Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder

1932 – Andrew Young, US ambassador to UN (1977-79)/(Mayor-D-Atlanta)

1938 – Johnny Rutherford, auto racer (26 championship races)

1939 – Barbara Feldon, Pitts Pa, actress (Agent 99-Get Smart)

1940 – Al Jarreau, Milwaukee WI, jazz singer (Moonlighting)

1942 – Jimmy Wynn, American baseball player, 1963-1977

1945 – Sammy “The Bull” Gravano, American gangster

1946 – Liza Minnelli, Hollywood CA, singer/actress (Sterile Cuckoo, Cabaret)

1947 – Mitt Romney, 70th Governor of Massachusetts

1948 – James Taylor, Boston MA, vocalist/guitarist (Up on the Roof)

1949 – Bill Payne, Waco TX, rock keyboardist (Little Feat-Time Loves a Hero)

1951 – Caren Kaye, NYC, actress (My Tutor, Bambi-Blansky’s Beauties)

1953 – Labamba, [Richard Rosenberg], rocker (Asbury Jukes)

 

 

 

1953 – Carl HiaasenAmerican journalist and author

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Marlon D Jackson, Gary IN, singer (Jackson 5-Maybe Tomorrow)

1957 – Steve Harris, London, hard rock bassist (Iron Maiden-Gypsy’s Kiss)

1960 – Courtney B Vance, Detroit MI, actor (Hamburger Hill)

1962 – Darryl Strawberry, LA California, baseball right fielder (Mets, Dodgers, Yankees)

1962 – Gunde Svan, Swedish long jumper (Olympics-gold-1984, 88)

1963 – Candy Costie, Seattle Wash, synchronized swimmer (Olympic-gold-1984)

1963 – Joaquim Carvalho Cruz, Brazil, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1963 – John Andretti, race car driver

1966 – Erich Fischer, Dinuba CA, US Olympic water polo foward (Olympic-92)

1969 – Jake Tapper, American journalist

1970 – John Nemechek, American NASCAR driver (d. 1997)

1975 – Herman Li, Cantonese guitarist

1978 – Cristina Teuscher, New Rochelle NY, 4X200m freestyle (Olymp-gold-96)

1978 – Casey Mears, American auto racer

1985 – Tosh Townend, American skateboarder

 

 

Deaths

417 – Innocent I, Italian Pope (401-417), dies

604 – Gregory I the Great, Pope (590-604), dies at 64

1209 – Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami, Persian poet, dies

1374 – Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (b. 1336)

1496 – Johannes de Lapide, [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies

 

 

 

1507 – Cesare Borgiacardinal/soldier/politiciankilled in battle at 31

 

 

 

 

 

1563 – John Bull, composer of British natl anthem (God Save The King), dies

1608 – Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1530)

1681 – French van Mieris, the Elder, Dutch genre painter, dies at 45

1790 – Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)

1834 – Karl W Feuerbach, mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33

1889 – Yohannes IV, [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle

1909 – Joe Petrosino, NYPD lieutenant (b. 1860)

1914 – George Westinghouse, US engineer (Westinghouse Electric), dies at 67

1924 – Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet, inventor (rayon), dies

1925 – Sun Yat-Sen, Chinese revolutionary president, dies at 58

1930 – William George Barker, Canadian fighter ace (b. 1894)

1932 – Ivar Kreuger, “Swedish Match King” industrialist, commits suicide

1942 – Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)

1945 – Anne Frank, diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp

 

 

 

1955 – Charlie “Bird” ParkerUS jazz saxophonistdies at 34 in NYC

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1957 – Josephine Hull, actress (Harvey), dies at 71

1958 – Ingeborg, Princess of Sweden, dies at 79

1961 – Belinda Lee, actress (Joseph & his Brethren), dies in car crash at 25

1966 – Estelita Rodriguez, actor (Golden Stallion, Susanna Pass), dies at 37

1974 – Billy Fox, Protestant Dublin MP, assassinated

1978 – John Cazale, actor (Dog Day Afternoon, Deer Hunter), dies at 41

1980 – Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1914)

1985 – Eugene Ormandy [Blau], Hungarian/US conductor, dies at 85

1991 – Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)

1992 – Hans G Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking), dies at 70

1993 – Michael Kanin, screenwriter (Woman of the Year), dies at 83

1996 – Charles Bruce Perry, professor of medicine, dies at 92

1998 – Judge Dread, English musician (b. 1945)

1999 – Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (b. 1916)

2001 – Morton Downey, Jr., American television talk show host (b. 1933)

 

 

 

2001 – Robert LudlumAmerican author (b. 1927)

 

 

 

 

 

2003 – Howard Fast, American author (b. 1914)

2003 – Andrei Kivilev, Kazakh cyclist (b. 1973)

2006 – Victor Sokolov, Russian dissident journalist and priest (b. 1947)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1425 BC – Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).

417 – Zosimus becomes bishop of Rome

537 – Goths lay siege to Rome

843 – Icon worship officially re-instated in Aya Sofia Constantinople

928 – Trpimir II succeeds to the Croatian throne.

 

 

 

1387 – The Battle of Castagnaro begins.

 

 

 

 

 

1513 – Giovanni de’ Medici chosen Pope Leo X

1563 – League of High Nobles routes 2nd protest against King Philip II

1665 – NY approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights

1669 – Volcano Etna in Italy erupts killing 15,000

1779 – US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)

1789 – Benjamin Banneker with L’Enfant begin to lay out Washington DC

1791 – Samuel Mulliken, Phila, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent

1795 – Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols

1823 – 1st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vt

1824 – US War Dept creates the Bureau of Indian Affair

1845 – The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

1862 – Lincoln removes McClellen as general-in-chief & makes him head of Army of the Potomac

1862 – 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia . Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief

1864 – Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee

1864 – The Great Sheffield Flood: The largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.

1865 – Gen Sherman’s Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC

1867 – Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano)

1872 – Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.

1882 – Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton NJ

1888 – Great blizzard of ’88 strikes NE US

1892 – 1st public basketball game (Springfield, Mass)

 

 

 

1895 – Spanish cruiser Reina Regenta sinks at Gibraltar400 killed

 

 

 

 

 

1897 – A meteorite enters the earth’s atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.

1917 – British troops occupy Baghdad

1917 – World War I: Baghdad falls to the Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Stanley Maude.

1918 – Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia

1918 – Save the Redwoods League founded

 

 

 

1927 – 1st armored car hold-up in USPittsburgh

 

 

 

 

 

1927 – 1st golden gloves tournament

1930 – Pres & Chief Justice William Taft buried in Arlington

1935 – Bank of Canada opens

1935 – Hermann Goering officially creates German Air Force, the Luftwaffe

1936 – British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin pardons five convicted Irish militants who promise to join growing conflict with Germany.

1941 – Bronko Nagurski beats Ray Steele in Minn, to become wrestling champ

1941 – FDR signs Lend-Lease Bill (lend money to Britain)

1942 – 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschewitz Concentration Camp

1942 – Gen MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

1945 – 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs

1945 – Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death

1948 – 1st black in the US Tennis Open (Reginald Weir)

 

 

 

1953 – American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb on South Carolinathe bomb doesn’t go off due to 6 safety catches

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus

1966 – Military coup led by Indonesian Gen Suharto breaks out

1966 – A fire at two ski resorts in Numata, Japan kills 31 people.

1967 – Pink Floyd releases their 1st single (Arnold Layne)

1968 – Otis Redding posthumously receives gold record for ” Dock of the Bay”

1970 – Iraq Ba’th Party recognizes Kurd nation

1974 – Mount Etna in Sicily erupted

1974 – Rhino Store gives people 5 cents to take home Danny Bonaduce’s Album

1977 – Moslems hold 130 hostages in Wash DC

1978 – Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, 45 killed

1982 – Menachem Begin & Anwar Sadat sign peace treaty in Wash DC

1983 – Ice Dance Championship at Helsinki Finland won by Torvill & Dean (GRB)

1983 – Ice Pairs Championship at Helsinki won by Valova & Vasiliev (URS)

1983 – Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Helsinki won by Rosalynn Sumners (USA)

1983 – Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

1986 – 1 million days since traditional foundation of Rome, 4/21/753 BC

1986 – 187.27 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

1986 – Islander Mike Bossy, 1st NHLer to score 50 goals in 9 straight seasons

1986 – Japanese probe Sakigake flies by Halley’s Comet at 6.8 million km

1986 – NFL adopts instant replay rule

1987 – Wayne Gretzky scores 1,500th NHL point

1991 – Janet Jackson signs $40M 3 album deal with Virgin records

1991 – Monica Seles ends Steffi Graf’s streak of 186 weeks ranked as #1

1993 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Prague won by Kurt Browning CAN

1995 – -36.8°F (-38.2°C) in Chosedachar, Komi-district, on 67°N

1995 – Sinn Fein party leader, Gerry Adams, arrives in US

1996 – John Winston Howard becomes the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. His term in office is the second longest in Australian history, ending on December 3, 2007.

1997 – Ashes of Star Trek creator, Gene Roddenberry are launched into space

2004 – Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid’s rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190

2009 – Winnenden school shooting – 17 people are killed at a school in Germany.

2011 – An earthquake measuring 9.0 in magnitude strikes 130 km (80 miles) east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami killing thousands of people. This event also triggered the second largest nuclear accident in history, and one of only two events to be classified as a Level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale.

2012 – US soldier kills 16 civilians in Afghanistan

 

 

 

Births

1544 – Torquato Tasso, Italy, Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia)

1549 – Henric/Hendrik Spieghel, Dutch Renaissance writer and poet (Hertspiegel)

1596 – Isaac Elsevier, book publisher

 

 

 

1731 – Robert Treat Painejudgesigner (Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

 

1738 – Benjamin Tupper, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (d. 1792)

1785 – John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1861)

1787 – Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (d. 1852)

1811 – Marsena Rudolph Patrick, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1811 – Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier, co-discoverer (Neptune)

1812 – James Speed, Atty Gen (Union), died in 1887

1818 – John Wilkins Whitfield, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879

1822 – Allison Nelson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1832 – William Ruffin Cox, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919

1840 – Edmund Kirby Jr, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

1860 – Thomas Hastings, NYC, architect (NY Public Library)

1879 – Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph tests)

1880 – Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)

1885 – Malcolm Campbell, 1st auto racer to travel 5 miles/min (8 km/min)

1887 – Raoul Walsh, American film director (Thief of Baghdad, Battle Cry), (d. 1980)

1890 – Vannevar Bush, developed 1st electronic analogue computer

1892 – Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II)

 

 

 

1903 – Lawrence WelkStrasburg NDorchestra leader (Lawrence Welk Show)

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1904 – Cornelis Jan Bakker, Dutch/US nuclear physicist

1907 – Helmuth J von Moltke, German politician (July 20th plot)

1911 – Fitzroy Maclean, British diplomat soldier politician/historian

1913 – Thomas Gray, professor/anaesthetist

 

 

 

1915 – J. C. R. Licklider, American computer scientist and Internet pioneer (d. 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

1916 – [James] Harold Wilson, (L) British PM (1964-70, 1974-76)

1919 – Mercer Ellington, son of Duke Ellington/bandleader

1920 – Henry Marking, CEO (British Airways)

1921 – F[rancis] M[arion] Busby Jr, US, sci-fi author (Star Rebel)

1921 – Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)

1923 – A Louise Brough Clapp, Oklahoma, tennis player (4 time Wimbledon champ)

1926 – Patricia Tindaole, England, architect

1926 – Ralph Abernathy, civil rights leader (Southern Christian Leadership)

1928 – Albert Salmi, Bkln NY, actor (Daniel Boone, 79 Park Avenue)

1928 – Peter Roger Hunt, London England, director (Dr No)

1929 – Erskine Childers, unofficial/civil servant

1929 – Francisco Bernardo Pulgar Vidal, composer

1929 – Jackie McGlew, cricketer (dour South African opening bat of the 50′)

1929 – Timothy Carey, American actor (d. 1994)

1930 – David Gentleman, designer/painter

1931 – Peter Walters, CEO (Midland Bank)

1931 – Rupert Murdoch, Australia, publisher (NY Post)/CEO (FOX-TV)

1934 – Sam Donaldson, El Paso Tx, ABC White House correspondent (Prime Time)

1945 – Harvey Mandel, rock guitarist (Drei Amerikanische LP’s)

1945 – Dock Ellis, American baseball player

1947 – Dominique Sanda, [Varaigne], Paris France, actress (1900, First Love)

1947 – Mark Stein, singer/organist/keyboardist (Vanilla Fudge)

1948 – George Kooymans, Dutch guitarist/singer (Golden Earring)

1950 – Bobby McFerrin, singer (Don’t Worry Be Happy-Grammy 1989)

 

 

 

1950 – Jerry ZuckerMilwaukee WIdirector (AirplaneNaked Gun)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1952 – Douglas Adams, England, author (Hitchiker’s Guide to the Galaxy)

1952 – Susan Richardson, Coatesville Pa, actress (Susan-8 is Enough)

1955 – Nina Hagen, East Berlin German DR, actress (Blue Angel)

1956 – Curtis L Brown Jr, NC, astronaut (STS 47, STS 66, 77, 85, sk:95)

1957 – Elena Donaldson-Akhmilovskaya, Leningrad, Soviet Union, Chess Grandmaster, (d. 2012)

1961 – Elias Koteas, Canadian actor

1965 – Jesse Jackson, Jr., American politician

1969 – Soraya, Colombian-American singer (d. 2006)

1971 – Johnny Knoxville, American television personality

1975 – Eric the Midget, American radio personality

1979 – Benji Madden, American guitarist (Good Charlotte)

1979 – Joel Madden, American singer (Good Charlotte)

1981 – Heidi Cortez, American erotic broadcaster

1982 – Thora Birch, Los Angeles, California, American actress (American Beauty, Ghost World)

 

 

Death

222 – Julia Soaemias, mother of Elagabalus (b. 180). Ruler during her son’s minority, murdered by the Praetorian Guard

222 – Elagabalus, Roman Emperor (218-22) murdered by the Praetorian Guard aged 18

638 – Sophronius of Jerusalem, saint/patriarch of Jerusalem, dies

859 – Eulogius of Cordoba, Spanish Bishop and Christian Martyr

1198 – Marie de Champagne, daughter of Louis VII of France (b. 1145)

1486 – Albrecht III Achilles, elector of Brandenburg, dies at 71

1514 – Donato Bramante, Italian architect (b. 1444)

1602 – Emilio de’ Cavalieri, Italian composer

1722 – John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)

1759 – John Forbes, British general (b. 1710)

 

 

 

1820 – Benjamin WestBritish painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81

 

 

 

 

The Death Of General Wolfe

 

 

 

 

1863 – Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)

1897 – Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist/evangelist, dies at 45

1898 – William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)

1920 – Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)

1921 – Sherburne W Burnham, US astronomer (binary stars), dies at 83

1937 – Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (b. 1860)

1955 – Alexander Fleming, English bacteriologist (penicillin), dies at 73

1955 – Oscar Mayer, Bavarian-born American meat packer (b. 1859)

1957 – Richard E Byrd, US, explorer (Antarctica), dies at 68

1958 – Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor of Legos (b. 1891)

1970 – Erle Stanley Gardner, US writer (Perry Mason), dies at 80

1971 – Philo T Farnsworth, US TV pioneer, dies at 64

1972 – Fredric [William] Brown, sci-fi author (Martians Go Home), dies at 65
son, composer, dies at 59

1975 – Sammy Spear, orchestra leader (Dom Deluise Show), dies at 65

1977 – Alberto Rodriguez Larreta, Argentine racing driver (b. 1934)

1977 – Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist (b. 1893)

1982 – Edmund Cooper, British sci-fi writer (Tomorrow Came), dies at 55

 

 

 

1986 – Sonny TerryAmerican blues musician (b. 1911)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1987 – [Wayne] Woody Hayes, football coach (Ohio State), dies at 74

1989 – James Kee, American politician (b. 1917)

1989 – John J. McCloy, United States Secretary of War (b. 1895)

1992 – Richard Brooks, director (Blackboard Jungle, Key Largo), dies at 79

1993 – Dino Bravo, wrestler (WWF), shot to death at 44

1996 – Vince Edwards, actor (Ben Casey), dies of cancer at 67

2002 – James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)

2006 – Slobodan Milošević, President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia (b. 1941)

2007 – Betty Hutton, American actress and singer (b. 1921)

2010 – Merlin Olsen, American football player / Actor (b. 1940)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

241 BC – First Punic WarBattle of the Aegates Islands – The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.

 

 

 

 

 

418 – Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire

1535 – Bishop Tomés de Berlanga discovers Galapagos Islands

1578 – Queen Elizabeth I gives Johan Casimir £20,000 to aid Dutch rebellion

1624 – England declares war on Spain

1629 – King Charles I dissolved Parliament; he called it back 11 years later

1661 – French King Louis XIV ends office of premier

1681 – English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania

1789 – Franklin College founded

1791 – John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver

1801 – First census in Great Britain

1831 – The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.

1849 – Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent; only US president to do so

1862 – US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)

1864 – Grant is named commander of the Union armies

1864 – Red River campaign LA

1865 – Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads, NC

1874 – Purdue University (Indiana) admits it’s 1st student

1876 – 1st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)

1888 – HW Boxing champ John L Sullivan draws Charlie Mitchell in 30 rounds

1891 – Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.

1893 – New Mexico State University cancels it’s 1st graduation ceremony, its only graduate Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before

 

 

 

1900 – Battle at DriefonteinSouth-Africa (Boers vs British army)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera.

1903 – Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine

1905 – Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)

 

 

 

1906 – Coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres France

 

 

 

 

 

1906 – London Underground opens Bakeroo line (Baker Street to Waterloo Line)

 

 

 

1909 – Jack Johnson fights Victor McLaglen to no decision in 6 for box title

 

 

 

 

 

1913 – William Knox, becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300

1915 – British expedition Army in Belgium captures Neuve Chapelle

1926 – Run on Belgian banks

1927 – Albania mobilize by threat of Serbian, Croatian & Slovenes

1927 – Bavaria lifts ban on Hitler’s speeches

1933 – Nevada becomes 1st US state to regulate narcotics

1944 – U-575 sinks HMS Asphodel

1945 – Patton’s 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge’s 1st Army

1945 – Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombing

1945 – US troops lands on Mindanao

1945 – The Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting firestorm kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians.

1948 – 1st civilian to exceed speed of sound-Herb H Hoover, Edwards AFB Ca

1952 – Military coup by general Fulgencio Batista in Cuba

1956 – Peter Twiss sets new world air record 1,132 mph (1,823 kph)

1957 – Thousands of soccer fans riot in Italy

1959 – Uprising against Chinese occupation force in Lhasa Tibet

1963 – Pete Rose debuts with hits in his 2 1st at bats in spring training

1963 – Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 70 points vs Syracuse

1964 – US reconnaissance plane shot down over East Germany

1966 – 5 time Horse of the Year, Kelso, retires

 

 

 

1966 – North Vietnamese capture US Green Beret Camp at A Shau Valley

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1969 – James Earl Ray pleads guilty in murder of Martin Luther King Jr

1972 – Gen Lon Nol becomes pres & prince Sirik Matak premier of Cambodia

1975 – Dog spectacles patented in England

1977 – Rings of Uranus discovered during occulation of SAO

1980 – Willard Scott becomes the weather forcaster on the Today Show

1982 – Pres Reagan proclaims economic sanctions against Libya

1982 – The United States places an embargo on Libyan petroleum imports because of their support of terrorist groups.

1984 – Heavyweight Tim Witherspoon KOs Greg Page

1988 – Avalanche at Swiss Ski resort “Klosters” nearly kills Prince Charles

1988 – NY Islanders celebrate Mike Bossy night

1990 – Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Halifax won by Jill Trenary (USA)

1990 – Mens Figure Skating Championship in Halifax won by Kurt Browning (CAN)

1991 – Marc Girardelli of Luxembourg clinches his 4th slalom World Cup

1991 – Merlene Ottey runs world record 200 m indoor (22.24 sec)

1994 – 1 million Greeks attend Melina Mercouri’s funeral

1995 – Car bomb explodes in Karachi at shite mosque, 17+ killed

1995 – Dow-Jones hits record 4035.64

2000 – The NASDAQ Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom.

2006 – The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.

 

 

Births

1415 – Vasili II of Russia (d. 1462)

1452 – Ferdinand II, the Catholic, King of Aragon/Sicily (expelled Jews)

1503 – Ferdinand I, German emperor (1558-64)

1538 – Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk; executed by Queen Elizabeth (1572)

1628 – Constantine Huygens Jr, Dutch poet/painter/cartoonist

1628 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (d. 1694)

1709 – Georg Steller, German naturalist (d. 1746)

1745 – John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1807)

1769 – Joseph Williamson, English philanthropist and tunnel builder (d. 1840)

 

 

 

1809 – William David PorterCommander (Union Navy), died in 1864

 

 

 

 

 

1818 – George Wythe Randolph, Secy War (Confederacy), died in 1867

1824 – Thomas James Churchill, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1905

1832 – William Henry Penrose, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1903

 

 

 

1887 – Toshitsugu TakamatsuGrandmaster of Ninjutsu (d. 1972)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1888 – Barry Fitzgerald, Dublin Ireland, actor (Acad Award-Going My Way)

1892 – Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)

1903 – Bix Biederbecke, rocker

1905 – Richard Haydn, English actor (d. 1985)

1917 – Frank Perconte, American sergeant from Easy Company during WWII.

1918 – Heywood Hale Broun, journalist

1918 – Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot

1923 – Ara Parseghian, football coach (Northwestern, Notre Dame)

1923 – Kenneth “Jethro” Burns, country singer (Homer & Jethro)

1928 – James Earl Ray, assassin (Martin Luther King Jr)

1939 – Irina Press, USSR, 80m hurdles/Pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1960, 64)

 

 

 

1940 – Chuck Norris, [Carlos Ray], OKmartial artist actor (Missing in Action)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – David Rabe, Dubuque Iowa, playwright (Streamers)

1940 – Dean Torrence, LA Cal, surf music singer (Jan & Dean-Little Old Lady)

1943 – Angelique Pettyjohn, LA California, actress (Body Talk, Star Trek)

1946 – Hiroshi Fushida, Japanese racing driver

1947 – Tom Scholz, rock guitarist/keyboardist (Boston-More Than a Feeling)

1953 – Paul Haggis, Canadian film director

1955 – Bunny DeBarge, Grand Rapids Mich, rocker (Debarge)

1955 – Mark David Chapman, assassin (John Lennon)

1955 – Toshio Suzuki, Japanese racing driver

1957 – Shannon Lee Tweed, St Johns NF, playmate (Nov 1981)/actr (Meatballs 3)

1957 – Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant

1958 – Sharon Stone, Meadville Pennsylvania, American actress (Basic Instinct, Sliver, Casino)

1961 – Laurel B Clark, Ames Iowa, Lt cmdr USN/astronaut

1961 – Mitch Gaylord, CA, gymnist (Olympics 1984)/actor (American Anthem)

1963 – Jasmine Guy, Boston Mass, actress (Whitley-Different World)

1963 – Jeff Ament, American musician (Pearl Jam)

1964 – Cynthia Brimhall, Ogden Utah, playmate (Oct, 1985)

1964 – Neneh Cherry, Stockholm Sweden, Swedish pop singer (Money Love)

1966 – Edie Brickell, Mrs Paul Simon/rocker (& New Bohemians)

1969 – Ricky Seagall, rocker (Partridge Family)

1969 – Paget Brewster, American actress

1971 – Steve Arnold, British racing driver

1972 – Matt Kenseth, American race car driver

 

 

 

1973 – Eva HerzigovaLitvinov Czechmodel (Guess JeansWonderbra)

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – John LeCompt, American guitarist

1974 – Hugo Ferreira, American rock musician

1977 – Shannon Miller, Rolla MO, gymnast (Olympian 2 gold-2 silver-3 bronze-92, 96)

1977 – Bree Turner, American dancer and actress

1977 – Matt Rubano, American musician (Taking Back Sunday)

1977 – Robin Thicke, American singer

1982 – Timo Glock, German racing car driver

1983 – Carrie Underwood, American country singer

1983 – Che’Nelle, Malaysian Australian Singer

1984 – Olivia Wilde, American actress

1992 – Emily Osment, American actress and singer

 

 

 

Deaths

37 – Tiberius Claudius Nero, Roman emperor (14-37), dies at 78

483 – Simplicius, Italian Pope (468-83), dies

1291 – Arghun, Persian ruler

1391 – Tvrtko I first king of Bosnia (b. 1338)

1510 – Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (b. 1445)

1585 – Rembert Dodoens, [Rembertus Dodonaeus], physician/botanist, dies at 67

1597 – Petrus Forestus, Dutch physician (Willem of Orange), dies

1670 – Johann Rudolf Glauber, German chemist (b. 1604)

1776 – Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (b. 1701)

1865 – William Henry “Little Billy” Chase Whiting, Confed gen-maj, dies at 48

1872 – Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Giovane Italy), dies at 66

 

 

 

1913 – Harriet Tubmanabolitionistconductor on Underground RRdies in NY

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)

1948 – Zelda Fitzgerald, American artist, wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (b. 1900)

1953 – Charles Gordon Curtis, inventor of (Curtis-steam turbine), dies at 92

1966 – Frederik “Frits” Zernike, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1953), dies at 77

1973 – Richard Sharples, governor of Bermuda, assassinated

1973 – Eugene ‘Bull’ Connor, American segregationist (b. 1897)

1980 – Herman Tarnower, doctor (Scarsdale Diet), killed by Jean Harris

1986 – Ray Milland, actor (Lost Weekend-Acad Award 1945), dies at 81

1988 – Andy Gibb, singer, dies of heart infection at 30

1988 – Glenn Cunningham, US world record miler, dies at 78

1993 – David Gunn, abortion doctor, killed by Michael Griffin at 47

1994 – Charles Bukowski, German/US writer (Barfly, Hollywood), dies at 73

1996 – Ross Hunter, US producer (Airport, Madame X, Pillow Talk), dies at 75

 

 

 

1997 – La Vern BakerAmerican singer (b. 1929)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1998 – Lloyd Bridges, American actor (b. 1913)

2003 – Barry Sheene, British motorcycle racer (b. 1950)

2004 – Dave Blood, real name David Schulthise; American musician, bassist for The Dead Milkmen (b. 1956)

2005 – Danny Joe Brown, American singer (Molly Hatchet) (b. 1951)

2007 – Richard Jeni, American comedian (b. 1957)

2008 – Richard Fran Biegenwald, an American serial killer (b. 1940)

2010 – Corey Haim, Canadian actor (b. 1971)

2012 – Frank Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry, dies from Parkinson’s disease at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

141 BC – Liu Che, posthumously known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumes the throne over the Han Dynasty of China.

590 – Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia.

1230 – Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa.

1276 – Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City.

1497 – Nicolaus Copernicus 1st recorded astronomical observation

1500 – Pedro Cabral departs with 13 ships to India

1522 – -16] Martin Luther preaches his Invocavit

1562 – Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)

1566 – David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.

1697 – Czar Peter the Great begins tour of West-Europe

1721 – English Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower

1741 – English fleet under admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena

1765 – After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.

1776 – Publication of the economics book The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith.

1798 – Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy

 

 

 

1834 – French Foreign Legion is founded.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1841 – US Supreme Court rules Negroes are free (Amistad Incident)

1856 – Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama

1861 – Confederate currency authorized-$50, $100, $500, $1,000

1862 – “Monitor” (Union) & “Merrimack” (Rebel) battle in Hampton Roads

1864 – Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army

1882 – False teeth patented

1889 – Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi’s beat Abyssinian emperor John IV

1889 – Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US

1893 – Congo cannibals killed 1000s of Arabs

1907 – 1st involuntary sterilization law enacted, Indiana

1914 – Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co

1914 – US Sen Albert Fall (Teapot Dome) demands “Cubanisation of Mexico”

 

 

 

1916 – General Francisco “Pancho” Villa invades US (18 killed)

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party

1918 – Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda

1925 – Pink’s War, the first RAF operation conducted independently of the Army or Navy, begins.

1935 – Adolf Hitler announces the creation of a new air force.

1942 – Construction of the Alaska Highway began

1943 – Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps

 

 

 

1945 – 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo(Operation Meetinghousewith 120,000 fire bombs

 

Operation Meetinghouse

Lessons Learned: The Firebombing of Tokyo

 

 

 

 

1946 – Ted Williams is offered $500,000 to play in Mexican League, he refuses

1947 – US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill

1947 – US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1950 – Willie Sutton robs Manufacturers Bank of $64,000 in NYC

1953 – Josef Stalin buried in Moscow

1954 – 1st local color TV coml WNBT-TV (WNBC-TV) NYC (Castro Decorators)

1959 – 1st known radar contact is made with Venus

1959 – Barbie, the popular girls’ doll, debuted, over 800 million sold

1961 – Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka (dog) into orbit

1962 – US advisors in South-Vietnam join the fight

 

 

 

1964 – 1st Ford Mustang produced

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Supreme Court issues NY Times vs Sullivan decision, public officials must prove malice to claim libel & recover damages

1966 – Andrew Brimmer becomes 1st black governor of Federal Reserve Board

1967 – Svetlana Allilueva, Stalin’s daughter, defected to the West

1974 – Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended

1975 – Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.

1976 – 1st female cadets accepted to West Point Military Academy

1977 – Hanafi Moslems invade 3 buildings in Wash DC, siege ended Mar 11th

1977 – Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), becomes 12th director of CIA replacing acting director Knoche

1979 – Bowie Kuhn orders baseball to give equal access to female reporters

1980 – Flemish/Walloon battles in Belgium, 40 injured

1981 – Dan Rather becomes primary anchorman of CBS-TV News

1983 – Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana

 

 

 

1984 – The Competitive Enterprise Institute in founded in Washington, D.C.

 

 

 

 

 

1985 – Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Tokyo won by Katarina Witt (GDR)

1986 – NASA announces searchers found remains of Challenger astronauts

1987 – Chrysler Corp offered to buy American Motors Corp for $1 billion

1988 – President Reagan presides at unveiling of Knute Rockne stamp

1989 – Eastern Airlines files for bankruptcy

1989 – Roger Kingdom runs world record 60m hurdles indoor (7.36 sec)

1989 – Senate rejects Bush’s nomination of John Tower as Defense Secretary

1989 – Soviet Union officially submits to jurisdiction of the World Court

1990 – Dr Antonia Novello sworn-in as 1st hispanic/female US surgeon general

1994 – IRA launch 1st of 3 mortar attacks on London’s Heathrow Airport

1995 – Mexican peso worth 7.55 pesos to a dollar (record)

2006 – Liquid water is discovered on Enceladus, the sixth largest moon of Saturn.

2007 – The US Justice Department releases an internal audit that found that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had acted illegally in its use of the USA Patriot Act to secretly obtain personal information about US citizens.

2011 – Space Shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights.

2012 – Senior members of hacking group Lulz Sec are arrested, including one member of the FBI, in the United States, United Kingdom and Ireland

 

 

 

Births

1213 – Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (d. 1271)

1285 – Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (d. 1318)

1454 – Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America)

1564 – David Fabricius, Essens Germany, astronomer (discoved variable star)

1629 – Tsar Alexis I of Russia (d. 1676)

1753 – Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (d. 1800)

1791 – George Hayward, US, surgeon, 1st to use ether

1815 – David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1886)

1820 – Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1893)

1824 – Leland Stanford, (Gov/Sen)/found Stanford U

1825 – Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)

1833 – Frederick A. Schroeder, tobacco industrialist and mayor of Brooklyn (d. 1899)

1839 – Felix Huston Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1928

1856 – Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (d. 1928)

1877 – Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemist

1887 – Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)

1890 – Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Soviet foreign minister (UN)

1892 – Vita Sackville-West, England, novelist,poet (The Land) and gardener

1900 – Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)

1902 – Edward Durell Stone, US, architect (US Embassy, New Delhi)

1902 – Will Geer, Frankfort Indiana, American actor (Grandpa Walton-The Waltons)

1904 – Paul Klipsch, American engineer, noted for his loudspeaker designs. (d. 2002)

1912 – Alan David Melville, polymath

1918 – Mickey Spillane, [Frank], Brooklyn NY, mystery writer (I the Jury)

1920 – Carl Betz, Pitts, actor (Alex Stone-Donna Reed Show)

1922 – Herbert P Douglas Jr, Pitts, long jumper (Olympic-bronze-1948)

 

 

 

1928 – Gerald BullCanadian long range artillery (Supergundesigner (d. 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – Ornette Coleman, Fort Worth, Texas, American jazz composer (Downbeat Musician of Year 1966)

 

 

 

1932 – Keely SmithNorfolk VirginiaAmerican singer (Mrs Louie Prima)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1932 – Walter Mercado, Puerto Rican astrologist and actor

1933 – Lloyd Price, Kenner La, singer (Just Because)

1934 – Joyce Van Patten, Queens NY, actress (Good Guys, Don Rickles Show)

1934 – Yuri Gagarin, Russia, cosmonaut, 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1)

1936 – Mickey Gilley, Ferriday La, country singer (Urban Cowboy)

1937 – Brian Redman, English racing driver

1940 – Raul Julia, PR, actor (Addams Family, Kiss of the Spider Woman)

1941 – Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (d. 1976)

1942 – Bert Campaneris, shortstop (Oakland A’s)

1942 – John Cale, Garnant, Welsh musician, composer and singer-songwriter (Velvet Underground)

1942 – Mark Lindsay, Eugene Or, rock vocalist/sax (Paul Revers & Raiders)

1943 – Trish Van Devere, [Patricia Dressel], Tenafly New Jersey, actress (Changeling)

1943 – Bobby Fischer, US, world chess champion (1972-75)

 

 

 

1945 – Robin TrowerLondonguitarist (Procol Harum-Whiter Shade of Pale)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1945 – Dennis Rader, American serial killer

1948 – Jamie Lyn Bauer, Phoenix Az, actr (Young & Restless, Centerfold Girls)

1948 – Jeffrey Osborne, Providence RI, rock vocalist (On the Wings of Love)

1948 – Jimmy Fadden, Long Beach California, singer (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band)

1950 – Danny Sullivan, Indy-car racer (over 10 wins)

1952 – Iuliana Semenova, USSR, basketball (Olympic-gold-1976)

1954 – Bobby Sands, IRA member (d. 1981)

1955 – Ornella Muti, Rome Italy, actress (Flash Gordon, Most Beautiful Wife)

1955 – Teo Fabi, formula-1 Indy-car racer (rookie of year-1983)

1957 – Faith Daniels, news anchor (CBS-TV)

1957 – Jon Engen, Oslo Norway, US biathelete (Olympics-1994)

1957 – Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician

1959 – Barbie, doll (Mattel)

1959 – Kato [Brian] Kaelin, actor (Beach Fever)/OJ roommate/witness

1960 – Linda Fiorentino, Phila, actress (Jade, Last Seduction, Moderns)

1961 – Camryn Manheim, American actress

1963 – David Pogue, Technology columnist and musician

1964 – Juliette Binoche, Paris France, actress (Unbearable Lightness)

1966 – Brendan Canty, American musician (Fugazi)

1967 – Curt Schreiner, Albany NY, biathelete (Olympics-1994)

1967 – Eric Flaim, Pembroke Mass, short track skater (Olympics-1994)

1970 – Melissa Rathburn-Nealy, US soldier (Iraqi POW)

1971 – Emmanuel Lewis, Bkln NY, actor (Webster)

 

 

 

1977 Yamila DiazArgentine supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

1979 – Melina Perez, WWE Diva

1984 – Julia Mancuso, American Olympic gold medalist

1986 – Brittany Snow, American actress

1987 – Bow Wow, American rapper and actor

 

 

 

Deaths

1202 – King Sverre of Norway

1422 – Jan Zelivsky, Hussite priest (b. 1380)

1566 – David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered by Protestant nobles

1649 – Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier (executed) (b. 1590)

1688 – Claude Mellan, French engraver/cartoonist/painter, dies at 89

1747 – Jacob Campo Weyerman, S Neth adventurer/painter/writer, dies at 69

1808 – Joseph Bonomi the Elder, architect (b. 1739)

1851 – Hans Christian Oersted, Danish physicist, dies at 73

1895 – Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (Masochism), dies at 59

1897 – Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (b. 1825)

1954 – Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)

1954 – V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (b. 1874)

1955 – Matthew A Henson, met Peary on 6/4/1909 at North Pole, dies at 88

1962 – Howard Engstrom, Boston, a designer of Univac computer, dies at 59

1966 – Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (b. 1924)

1974 – Earl W Sutherland Jr, US pharmacologist (Nobel 1971), dies at 58

1989 – Robert Mapplethorpe, US photographer, dies at 42

1992 – James Brooks, US mural painter (Flight, La Guardia NY), dies at 85

1992 – Menachem Begin, PM Israel (1977-80, 81-83, Nobel 1979), dies at 85

1993 – Bob Crosby, swing-era bandleader (Bobcats), dies of cancer at 79

1994 – Charles Bukowski, author/poet, dies of leukemia at 73

1994 – Maurice “Moe” Purtill, jazz drummer, dies at 77

1995 – Ian Ballantine, publisher, dies of heart attack at 79

 

 

 

1996 – George BurnsAmerican actor and singer (b. 1896)

 

 

 

 

 

1997 – Notorius B I G, [Biggie Small, Chris Walkin], rapper, shot dead at 24

2005 – Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (b. 1912)

2006 – John Profumo, British cabinet minister (b. 1915)

2006 – Geir Ivarsøy, Norwegian programmer, co-founder of Opera Software ASA (b. 1957)

2007 – Brad Delp, American singer (Boston) (b. 1951)

2011 – David Broder, American journalist (b. 1929)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1586 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt becomes Dutch chief legal advisor

1658 – Peace of Roskilde between Sweden & Denmark

1702 – England Queen Anne ascends throne upon death of King William III

1711 – Antoin de Guiscard tries English premier Haley for murder

1777 – Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt.

1782 – Gnadenhutten Massacre – Ohio militia kills 90 indians

 

 

 

 

 

 

1801 – British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt

1817 – The New York Stock Exchange is founded.

1844 – King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway.

1854 – US Commodore Matthew C Perry’s 2nd trip to Japan

1862 – Confederate ironclad “Merrimack” launched

 

 

 

1862 – Naval Engagement at Hampton RoadsVA CSS VirginiaJamestown & Yorktown vs USS CumberlandCongress & Monitor

 

 

 

 

 

1865 – Battle of Kingston, NC (Wilcox’s ridge, Wise’s Forks)

1894 – The state of New York enacts the nation’s first dog-licensing law.

1896 – Volunteers of America forms (NYC)

1910 – Baroness Raymonde de Laroche of Paris is 1st licensed female pilot

1911 – 1st International Woman’s Day

1913 – Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes

1915 – 1st US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned

1916 – US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime

1918 – The first case of Spanish flu occurs, the start of a devastating worldwide pandemic.

1924 – Coal mine explosion kills 171 at Castle Gate Utah

1927 – Pan American Airlines incorporates

1930 – Mahatma Gandhi starts civil disobedience in India

1934 – Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars

1936 – The first stock car race is held in Daytona Beach, Florida.

1942 – Japanese forces captures Rangoon Burma

1945 – 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers

1945 – Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn-in as US Navy ensign

1946 – 1st helicopter licensed for coml use (NYC)

1950 – 1st woman medical officer assigned to naval vessel (BR Walters)

1951 – Intl Table Tennis Federation bans Egypt (for refusing to play Israel)

1953 – Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years

1957 – Israeli troops leave Egypt; Suez Canal re-opened for minor ships

1958 – Silky Sullivan comes from 40 lengths back to win by 3 at Santa Anita

1958 – William Faulkner says US school degenerated to become babysitters

1959 – Groucho, Chico & Harpo’s final TV appearance together

1961 – US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from SC in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

1964 – Malcolm X leaves Black Muslim Movement

1965 – 1st US combat forces arrive in Vietnam (3,500 Marines)

1966 – An IRA bomb destroyed Nelson’s Column in Dublin

1968 – 6 year old Tommy Moore scores hole-in-one in golf (Hagerstown, Md)

1968 – Fillmore East opens

1971 – Joe Frazier beats Muhammad Ali at Madison Sq Garden

1972 – 1st flight of the Goodyear blimp

1974 – Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France

1976 – 1,774 kg (largest observed) stony meteorite falls in Jilin, China

1977 – Princess Anne announces she’s expecting her 1st child (Peter)

1979 – 1st extraterrestrial volcano discovered (Jupiter’s satellite Io)

1979 – China withdraws invasion troops from Vietnam

1980 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

1983 – IBM releases PC DOS version 2.0

1983 – Pres Reagan calls the USSR an “Evil Empire”

1986 – Martina Navratilova is 1st tennis player to earn $10 million

1987 – FBI apprehends most wanted Claude L Dallas, Jr in Calif

1987 – “A Team,” last aired on NBC-TV after 4 years

1990 – NYC’s Zodiac killer shoots 1st victim, Mario Orosco

1993 – Katharine Hepburn released from the hospital after exhaustion

1993 – Nigerian singer Fela Kuti arrested again on suspicion of murder

1995 – -26°F (-32.2°C) in Bismarck, North Dakota

1999 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the murder convictions of Timothy McVeigh for the Oklahoma City bombing.

2012 – Greece secures debt-restructuring deal with private lenders

 

 

Births

1075 – Abu ‘l-Kasim Mahmud ibn Omar al-Zamachshari, Arab theologist

1286 – John III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1341)

1293 – Beatrice of Castile, queen of Portugal (d. 1359)

1495 – John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint (d. 1550). Founder of the Hospitaller Order of St. John of God.

1514 – Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1562)

1607 – Johann Rist, composer

 

 

 

1700 – Anne Bonny Irish-American pirate (d. 1782)

 

 

 

 

 

1712 – John Fothergill, English physician (d. 1780)

1726 – Richard Howe, British admiral (d. 1799)

1787 – Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery

1822 – Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish inventor (d. 1882)

1836 – Matthew Calbraith Butler, Major General (Confederate Army)

1839 – James Mason Crafts, US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis)

1841 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Mass, 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32)

1847 – Karl von Bach, German engineer (Maschinenelemente)

1879 – Otto Hahn, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 44, radiothorium/actinium)

1886 – Edward Kendall, chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950)

1891 – Sam Jaffe, NYC, actor (Gunga Din, Dr Zorba-Ben Casey)

 

 

 

1899 – Elmer KeithFirearms enthusiast and Author (d. 1984)

 

 

 

 

 

1909 – Claire Trevor, [Wemlinger], NYC, actress (Marjorie Morningstar)

1909 – Hugh Murphy, English multi-millionaire

1914 – Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987)

1918 – Alan Hale [MacKahan] Jr, LA California, actor (Skipper-Gilligan’s Island)

1921 – Cyd Charisse, [Tula Finklea], Amarillo Tx, dancer/actress (Singing in the Rain)

1921 – Egbert George “Pete” Pitterson, trumpeter

1922 – Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Mangaka

1931 – Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)

1936 – Gabor Szabo, Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle)

1936 – Sue Ane Langdon, Paterson NJ, actress (Bachelor Father, Arnie)

1939 – George William Reed, astronomy writer/cartoonist (Dark Sky Legacy)

1939 – Jim Bouton, Newark NJ, pitcher (NY Yankees)/author (Ball Four)

1939 – Lydia Skoblikova, USSR, speed skater (Olympics-6 gold-1960, 64)

1942 – Ann Packer-Brightwell, England, 400m/800m runner (Oly-gold-1964)

1943 – Lynn Redgrave, London, actress (Georgie Girl)/Weight-Watcher

1944 – Carole Bayer Sager, NY, aka Mrs Burt Bachrach, singer (Arthur)

1945 – Micky Dolenz, LA California, actor (Circus Boy)/singer (Monkees)

1946 – Randy Meisner, rock bassist/vocalist (Poco, Eagles-Take it Easy)

1947 – Mike Allsup, Modesto Ca, rock guitarist (Three Dog Night)

1948 – Little Peggy March, [Margaret Battavio], vocalist (I Will Follow Him)

1952 – Vladimir Vladimirovich Vasyutin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-14)

1953 – Kathleen Ann Shower, Brookville Oh, Playmate of the Year (May, 1985)

1953 – Jim Rice, American baseball player

1954 – David Wilkie, 200m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1976), is born in Colombo, Sri Lanka to Scottish parents

1954 – Karl Schnabl, 90m ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1976)

1957 – Cynthia Rothrock, Wilmington Del, actress (Lady Dragon, Honor & Glory)

1961 – Camryn Manheim, American actress

1963 – Kathy Ireland, model/actress (Alien From LA, Side Out)

1963 – Lorelei, American fetish model and photographer

1964 – Cheryl “Salt” James, singer (Salt-N-Pepa)

1964 – Peter Ged Gill, drummer (Frankie Goes to Hollywood-2 Tribes) [or 1/8]

1965 – Fátima Lopes, Portuguese fashion designer

1966 – Laura McCabe, cross country skier (Olympics-1994)

1968 – Michael Bartels, German race car driver

1968 – Ellen Forney, American cartoonist

1968 – Shawn Mullins, American musician

1972 – Angie Hart, Australian pop singer

1973 – Kurt Mollekens, Belgian racing car driver

1976 – Freddie Prinze Jr, actor (I Know What You Did Last Summer)

1977 – James Van Der Beek, actor (Dawson’s Creek)

1979 – Andy Ross, American guitarist (OK Go)

1982 – Nicolas Armindo, race car driver

1982 – Nicoleta Onel, Romanian gymnast

1982 – Kat Von D, Mexican-American tattoo artist

1985 – Ewa Sonnet, Polish model and pop singer

 

 

Deaths

883 – Albumasar, [Ahmad Aboe M Gafar al-Balkhi], Arabic astronomer, dies

1126 – Urraca of Castile (b. 1082)

1144 – Celestine II, [Guido], Italian Pope (1143-44), dies in battle

1202 – Sverre of Norway

1223 – Wincenty Kadłubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)

1403 – Bajezid I Jildirim, 4th sultan of Turkey (1389-1403), dies at 42

1466 – Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiere/duke of Milan, dies at 64

1550 – Juan de Dios, Port/Sp saint (Brothers of Mercy), dies at 55

1638 – Jacob C van Neck, admiral/mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 73

1641 – Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer (b. 1587)

1709 – William Cowper/Cooper, English anatomist, dies at about 62

1724 – Enrico Giovanni Zuccalli, Swiss architect, dies at about 81

1819 – Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (b. 1739)

1855 – William Poole, Infamous member of New York City’s Bowery Boys gang (b. 1821)

 

 

 

1862 – Nat Gordonlast piratehanged in NYC for stealing 1,000 slaves

 

 

 

 

 

1874 – Millard Fillmore13th president (1850-53), dies of at 74

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – James Buchanan Eads, American engineer (b. 1820)

1889 – Jens/John Ericsson, Swed/US, engineer (fire extinguisher), dies at 85

1917 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Dutch count/air pioneer, dies at 78

1923 – Johannes van der Waals, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910), dies at 85

 

 

 

1930 – William Howard Taft27th US pres (1909-13)/Chief Justicedies at 72

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – Edward Terry Sanford, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1865)

1941 – Sherwood Anderson, US writer/publisher (Winesburg Ohio), dies at 64

1945 – H J Jamin, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald

1945 – Jan Beekes, resistance fighter, executed at 26

1951 – Honeymoon Killers, dies in electric chair

1967 – John F Bothwell, actor (Freckles-Our Gang), dies at 46

1971 – Harold Lloyd, US comic/actor (Why Worry), dies of cancer at 77

1973 – Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, rocker (Grateful Dead, Grass Roots), dies at 27

1975 – George Stevens, US director (Swing Time, Gunga Din), dies at 70

1977 – Henry Hull, actor (Werewolf of London, Boys Town), dies at 86

1988 – Werner Hartmann, German physicist (b. 1912)

1993 – Billy Eckstine, jazz singer (Fools Rush In), dies at 78 of stroke

1994 – Knut Haukelid, Norway/US resistance fighter (Rjukan 1943), dies at 82

1996 – Jack Malcolm Thorpe Fleming Churchill, commando, dies at 89

1998 – Ray Nitschke, American football player (b. 1936)

1999 – Peggy Cass, American actress and comedian (b. 1924)

1999 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (b. 1914)

2004 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (b. 1954)

2005 – Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen leader (b. 1951)

2005 – César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (b. 1924)

2009 – Ali Bongo, President of the Magic Circle (b.1929)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

161 – Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.

321 – Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire.

1138 – Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king

1277 – Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris.

1530 – King Henry VIII’s divorce request is denied by the Pope Henry then declares that he, not the Pope, is supreme head of England’s church

1560 – Christian fleet under Gian Andrea lands at Djerba, N Africa

1644 – Massachusetts establishes 1st 2-chamber legislature in colonies

 

 

 

1774 – British close port of Boston to all commerce

 

 

 

 

 

1778 – Capt James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay

1798 – The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.

1799 – The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.

1801 – Massachusetts enacts 1st state voter registration law

1827 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.

1843 – 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office

 

 

 

1847 – US General Winfield Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico

 

 

 

1850 – Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850

1854 – Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes

1857 – Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs

1862 – Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Gens McCulloch & McIntosh killed

1876 – Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone

1876 – Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians

1900 – Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, Pres Kruger flees

1902 – Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal

1906 – Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor

1911 – US sent 20,000 troops to Mexican border

1911 – Willis Farnsworth, Petaluma, CA, patents coin-operated locker

1912 – Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole

1917 – 1st jazz record “Dixie Jazz Band One Step,” recorded by Nick LaRocca Original Dixieland Jazz Band, released by RCA Victor in Camden NJ

1918 – Pres Wilson authorizes US Army’s Distinguished Service Medal

1921 – Red Army under Trotsky attack sailors of Kronstadt

1926 – 1st transatlantic telephone call (London-NY)

1932 – Riots at Ford-factory Dearborn Michigan, kills 4

1933 – Game of “Monopoly” invented

1936 – Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles, sends troops to Rhineland

1939 – Guy Lombardo & Royal Canadians 1st record “Auld Lang Syne”

1941 – 3rd largest snowfall in NYC history (18.1″)

1941 – 50,000 British soldiers lands in Greece

1941 – British troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

1942 – 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta

1942 – 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee

1944 – Japans begins offensive in Burma

1945 – Cologne taken by allied armies

1945 – US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine

1945 – Yugoslavia government of Tito forms

1947 – The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.

1950 – Ice Pairs Championship at London won by K Kennedy & P Kennedy (USA)

1950 – Ladies Figure Skating Championship in London won by Alena Vrzanova CZE

1950 – Men Figure Skating Championship in London won by Richard Button (USA)

1951 – Ezzard Charles beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for hw boxing title

1959 – 1st aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 M km) in a jet (MC Garlow)

1962 – Launch of OSO 1, 1st astronomy satellite (solar flare data)

1965 – Alabama state troopers & 600 black protestors clash in Selma

1967 – Teamster pres Jimmy Hoffa begins 8-year jail sentence for defrauding the union & jury tampering (commuted Dec 23, 1971)

1968 – The BBC broadcasts the news for the first time in color on television.

1970 – Ice Dance Championship at Ljubljana won by Pakhomova & Gorshkov (URS)

1970 – Ice Pairs Championship at Ljubljana won by Rodnina & Ulanov (URS)

1970 – Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Ljubljana won by Gabriele Seyfert (GDR)

1970 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Ljubljana won by Tim Wood (USA)

1973 – Comet (Lubos) Kohoutek discovered at Hamburg Observatory

1974 – “Monitor” (US Civil War Ship) restored at Cape Hatteras NC

1975 – Senate revises filibuster rule, allows 60 senators to limit debate

1977 – Ali Bhutto’s Pakistan People’s Party wins elections

1978 – Belgian baron Charles Bracht kidnapped

1981 – 1st homicide at Disneyland, 18 year old is stabbed to death

1982 – Jarmilla Kratochvilova run world record 400 m indoor (49.59 sec)

1982 – NCAA Tournament Selection televised live for 1st time

1984 – The United States attacks San Juan del Sur in Nicaragua.

1985 – IBM-PC DOS Version 3.1 (update) released

1986 – Wayne Gretzky breaks own NHL season record with 136th assist

1987 – Mike Tyson beats Bonecrusher Smith in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1988 – Howard Stern’s 1st pay-per-view “Underpants & Negligee Party”

1989 – Partial eclipse of the Sun (Hawaii, NW North America, Greenland)

1991 – Iraq continues to explode oil fields in Kuwait

1992 – Nicole Stevenson swims world record 200m backstroke (2:06.78)

1993 – Diff’rent Stroke actor Todd Bridges arrested for stabbing a tenant

1994 – US Navy issues 1st permanent order assigning women on combat ship

1994 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.

1995 – NY becomes 38th state to have the death penalty

1996 – 1st surface photos of Pluto (photographed by Hubble Space Telescope)

1996 – British Steel in Workington wins Lithuanian multi-million pound order

1996 – Magic Johnson is 2nd NBA player to reach 10,000 career assists


 

 

Births

189 – Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor (d. 211)

1481 – Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (d. 1537)

1543 – Johan Casimir, count of Rhine (occupied Gent)

1602 – Kano Tanju, Japanese painter (palaces, portraits)

 

 

 

1671 – Robert Roy MacGregorScottish folk hero (d. 1734)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1678 – Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (d. 1736)

 

 

 

1707 – Stephen Hopkins, (Gov-RIsigned Decl of Ind

 

 

 

 

 

1765 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor of photography (d. 1833)

1788 – Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1878)

1792 – John Herschel, Slough England, William Herschel’s son, astronomer

1827 – Henry DeLamar Clayton, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1889

1831 – John Bratton, [Old Reliable], US physician/Confederate Brig Gen

1832 – Orlando Metcalfe Poe, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1837 – Henry Draper, Virginia, astro-spectro-photographer (Moon, Jupiter)

1844 – Anthony Comstock, New Canaan Ct, anti-vice crusader/philatelist

1869 – Ernst J Cohen, Dutch chemist

1904 – Ivar Ballangrud, Norway, Olympic speed skater (4 gold, 2 silver)

1908 – Anna Magnani, Alexandria Egypt, actress (Rose Tattoo, Miracle)

1922 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 2004)

1925 – Rene Gagnon, US Marine shown in photograph of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (d. 1979)

1930 – James Broderick, Charleston NH, actor (Brenner-Brenner, Doug-Family)

1930 – Lord Snowdon, [Anthony Armstrong-Jones], London, photographer

1934 – Willard Scott, weather forecaster (Today Show)

1938 – Janet Guthrie, race car driver (1st woman to race in Indie 500)

1938 – David Baltimore, American biologist, Nobel laureate

1940 – Daniel J Travanti, Kenosha Wisc, actor (Frank Furillo-Hill St Blues)

1942 – Michael Eisner, Mt Kisko NY, CEO (Walt Disney)

1942 – Paul Preuss, US, sci-fi author (Medusa Encounter, Starfire)

1942 – Tammy Faye Bakker, gospel singer/wife of Jim Baker (PTL)

1943 – Chris White, rock bassist (Zombies-Never Even Thought)

1944 – Townes Van Zandt, Texas, singer/songwriter (Kathleen, Loretta), (d. 1997)

1945 – Arthur Lee, rocker (Vindicator)

1945 – John Heard, actor (Cat People, Cutter’s Way, CHUD)

1946 – Matthew Fisher, London, rock keyboardist (Procol Harum)

 

 

 

1946 – Peter Wolfrock singer (J Giels Band-CenterfoldFreeze Frame)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1950 – Franco Harris, NFL fullback (Pittsburgh Steelers)

1951 – Francis Rocco Prestia, American musician (Tower of Power)

1952 – Ernie Isley, US vocalist/guitarist (It’s Your Thing, Heat is On)

1952 – Lynn Swann, NFL receiver (Pittsburgh Steelers)/sportscaster

1953 – Kathleen Sullivan, Pasadena Ca, newscaster (E!)

1958 – Alan Hale, American astronomer

1960 – Ivan Lendl, Czechoslovakia, tennis champion (US Open 1985-87)

1962 – Taylor Dayne, [Leslie Wunderman], NY, vocalist (I’ll Always Love You)

1962 – Peter Manley, English Darts Player

1964 – Bret Easton Ellis, American writer

1964 – Wanda Sykes, American actress and comedienne

1969 – Anne Marie Lauck, Rochester NY, marathoner (Olympics-10th-96)

1969 – Matt Blundin, NFL quarterback (KC Chiefs, Detroit Lions)

1969 – Shin Ae Ra, Korean actress and radio DJ

1970 – Kathy Gedney, Indianapolis Ind, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-25th-1994)

1970 – Rachel Weisz, London, English actress (The Mummy, The Constant Gardener) and fashion model

1971 – Peter Sarsgaard, American actor

1980 – Laura Prepon, American actress

1985 – Thomas Erak, American guitarist

 

 

Deaths

322 BC – AristotleGreek philosopher (b. 384 BC)

 

 

 

 

 

161 – Antoninus Pius, [Titus Aurelius], emperor of Rome (138-61), dies at 74

203 – Perpetua and Felicitas, Christian martyrs (perhaps after 209)

308 – Saint Eubulus, Christian martyr

851 – Nominoe, Duke of Brittany

1111 – Bohemund I of Tarente, French ruler of Antioch, dies

1226 – William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader

 

 

 

1274 – Thomas AquinasItalian thelogian/saintdies at 48

 

 

 

 

 

1305 – Gwijde van Dampierre, count of Flanders/count of Namur, dies at 78

1578 – Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (b. 1515)

1625 – Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)

1719 – Steven J Vennekool, Amsterdam’s master builder, buried

1767 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer (b. 1680)

1778 – Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1720)

1804 – John Wedgwood, founder (Royal Horticulture Society), dies

1810 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (b. 1750)

1862 – Ben McCulloch, US Confederate brig-general (KIA), dies at 50

1862 – John Baillie McIntosh, US general-major (Union Army), dies at 32

1862 – William Slack, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle

1904 – Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (b. 1828)

1932 – Aristide Briand, 11 x premier of France (Nobel 1926), dies at 69

1941 – Gunther Prien, German commandant (U-47), dies in battle

1951 – Ali Razmara, Shah of Iran (1950-51), assassinated

1954 – Otto Diels, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)

1959 – Arthur C Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), dies

1959 – Hinsdale Smith, developer of roll-down auto windows, dies at 88

1961 – Max Hymans, WW II resistance fighter/Head of Air France, dies at 60

1967 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion to Gertrude Stein (b. 1877)

1968 – Yuri Aleksayevich Gagarin, USSR cosmonaut (Vostok I), dies at 31

1973 – Andre de Meulemeester, Belgium WW I pilot [Eagle of Flanders], dies at 78

1975 – Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (b. 1895)

1985 – Robert W Woodruff, CEO (Coca-Cola), dies at 95

1985 – Victor W Farris, inventor of paper milk carton, etc, dies

1986 – Jacob K Javits, (Sen-R-NY), dies in Palm Beach, Fla at 81

1988 – Divine, [Harris Milstead], female impersonator (Pink Flamingos), dies

1988 – Robert Livingston, actor (Lone Ranger), dies at 83 of emphysema

1995 – Paul-Emile Victor, French pole explorer, dies at 87

1995 – Thijmen Kuijt, resistance fighter/co-found paper (Typhoon), dies at 82

1997 – E. H. Bronner, German-American soap magnate (b. 1908)

1999 – Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (b. 1918)

1999 – Stanley Kubrick, American film director (b. 1928)

2004 – Paul Winfield, American actor (b. 1941)

2006 – Gordon Parks, photographer (b. 1912)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1079 – Omar ibn Ibrahim al-Chajjam completes Jalali-calendar

1205 – Aken, [Philips van Zwaben], crowned Roman-Catholic German King

1323 – Treaty of Paris

1447 – Tommaso Parentucelli succeeds Pope Eugene IV as Nicolas V

1454 – Thirteen Years’ War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.

1521 – Magellan discovers Guam

1646 – Joseph Jenkes, MA, receives 1st colonial machine patent

1664 – King Louis XIV & Emperor of Brandenburg signs covenant

1799 – Napolean captures Jaffa Palestine

1810 – Illinois passes 1st state vaccination legislation in US

1816 – Jews are expelled from Free city of Lubeck Germany

1831 – Edgar Allan Poe removed from West Point milt academy

 

 

 

1836 – 3,000 Mexicans beat 182 Texans at the Alamoafter 13 day fight

 

 

 

 

 

1857 – Dred Scott DecisionSupreme Court rules slaves cannot be citizens

 

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Provisionary Confederate Congress establishes Confederate Army

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Pea RidgeAR (Elkhorn Tavern)

 

 

 

 

 

1865 – Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida

1896 – 1st auto in Detroit, Charles B King rides his “Horseless Carriage”

 

 

 

1899 – “Asprin” patented by Felix Hoffmann at German company Bayer

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – Census Bureau forms

1918 – US naval boat “Cyclops” disappears in Bermuda Triangle

1921 – Police in Sunbury Penn issue an edict requiring Women to wear skirts at least 4 inches below the knee

1930 – Bkln’s Clarence Birdseye develops a method for quick freezing food

1945 – 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm

1947 – XB-45, 1st US 4-engine jet bomber, makes 1st test flight, Muroc, CA

 

 

 

1950 – Silly Putty invented

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – Farthest radio signal heard (Pioneer IV, 400,000 miles)

1964 – Elijah Muhammad renames Cassius Clay, Muhammad Ali

 

 

 

1966 – Barry Sadlers‘ “Ballad of the Green Berets” becomes #1 (13 weeks)

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – Jimmy Hoffa enters Lewisburg Federal Prison

1967 – Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Allilujeva asks for political asylum in US

1970 – Beatles release “Let it Be” in UK

1972 – Jack Nicklaus, passes Arnold Palmer as golf’s all-time money winner

1974 – An Italian loses a record $1,920,000 at roulette in Monte Carlo

1976 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champ in Gothenburg won by Dorothy Hamill

1978 – Hustler publisher Larry Flynt shot & crippled by a sniper in Ga

1981 – Walter Cronkite signs-off as anchorman of “CBS Evening News”

1983 – New Bedford, Mass woman charges she was gang-raped atop a pool table

1985 – Yul Brynner appears in his 4,500th performance of “King & I”

1986 – USSR’s Vega 1 flies by Halley’s Comet at 8,889 km

1988 – 3 IRA suspects were shot dead in Gibraltar by SAS officers

1988 – Julie Krone becomes winningest female jockey (1205 victories)

1990 – SR-71 sets a transcontinental record, flying 2,404 miles in 1:08:17

1992 – The Michelangelo computer virus begins to affect computers.

1994 – Colin Jackson runs world record 60m hurdles indoor (7.30 sec)

1995 – 9th American Comedy Award: Rodney Dangerfield

1995 – American Express Travel begins charging for domestic air tickets

1998 – 1st time the British flag is flown over Buckingham Palace

1998 – Matt Beck, an angry lottery accountant kills 4 at Conn state lottery

2007 – Former White House aide I. Lewis Libby, Jr. is found guilty on four of five counts of perjury and obstruction of justice trial.


 

 

Births

1340 – John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (d. 1399)

1475 – Michelangelo, Italian painter (David) (d. 1564)

1495 – Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (Opere Toscane, La Coltivazione)

1619 – Cyrano de Bergerac, famous nose, playwright (Voyage to the Moon)

1706 – George Pocock, British admiral (d. 1792)

1761 – Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French General and diplomat (d. 1828)

1787 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, Germany, physicist (studied Sun’s spectrum)

1806 – Elizabeth Barrett-Browning, Coxhoe Hall England, poet (Sonnets from the Portuguese)

1818 – William Claflin, 27th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)

1820 – Horatio Gouverneur Wright, Major General (Union volunteers)

 

 

1831 – Philip Henry SheridanAlbany NYMajor General (Union Army)

 

 

 

 

 

1835 – Charles Ewing, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1883

1882 – Guy Kibbee, El Paso TX, actor (Big Shot)

1882 – F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)

1885 – Ringgold “Ring” Lardner, US sports writer (You Know Me Al)

1893 – [Walter] Furry Lewis, father of the blues

1898 – Jay C Flippen, Little Rock AR, actor (Jet Pilot, Killing, Thunder Bay)

1903 – Elizabeth Pinkston Becker, US, platform diver (Olympic-gold-1928)

1903 – Empress Kōjun of Japan (d. 2000)

1906 – Lou Costello, Paterson NJ, comedian/actor (Abbott & Costello)

1911 – Charles Frank, physicist

1912 – Madge Adam, astronomer

1913 – Stewart Granger, actor (Saraband for Dead Lovers)

1919 – Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (d. 2006)

1922 – Ruben Ayala, Chino, California, politician (California State Senator 1974-1998) (d. 2012)

1923 – Ed McMahon, Detroit Mich, TV host (Johnny Carson Show, Star Search)

1924 – William H Webster, US, judge/head FBI/CIA

1925 – Wes Montgomery, American musician (d. 1968)

1926 – Alan Greenspan, economist/presidential advisor (FRB)

1926 – Ann Curtis, 400m/800m US swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-1948), (d. 2012)

1927 – Gabriel García Márquez, Aracataca, Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist (1982 Nobel Prize in Literature)

1927 – John Fairchild, Newark NJ, CEO (Fairchild publishing)

1927 – Leroy Gordon Cooper Jr, Shawnee Oklahoma, USAF/astronaut (Mer 9, Gem 5)

1929 – Thomas S Foley, (Rep-D-WA, 1965-94)/majority whip/speaker of house

 

 

 

1931 – Hal NeedhamAmerican stuntman

 

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – Ronnie Delaney, Ireland, 1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1956)

1936 – Marion S Barry, (Mayor-D-Wash DC, 1979-90, 95- ), drug indictment

1937 – Ivan Boesky, Detroit, stockbroker inside trading

1937 – Valentina V Tereshkova-Nikolayev, 1st woman in space (Vostok 6)

1939 – Jerry Naylor, Stephenville Tx, rock vocalist (Crickets)

1940 – Joanna Miles, Nice France, actress (Cross Creek, Delta County USA)

1940 – Willie Stargell, outfielder/1st baseman (Pirates, 1971 NL HR leader)

1941 – Ben Murphy, Jonesboro Ark, actor (Name of the Game, Winds of War)

1944 – Kiri Te Kanawa, Gisborne NZ, operatic soprano (Don Giovanni)

1944 – Mary Wilson, Detroit Mich, vocalist (Supremes-Where Did Our Love Go)

1945 – Anna Maria Horsford, NYC, actress (Thelma Frye-Amen)

1946 – David Jon Gilmour, rock guitarist (Pink Floyd-Brick in the Wall)

1946 – Tony Klatka, rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

1947 – Dick Fosbury, Portland Oregon, high jumper (Olympics-gold-1968)

1947 – Kiki Dee, Yorkshire England, singer (Don’t Go Breaking My Heart)

1947 – Rob Reiner, Bronx NY, actor/director (All in the Family, Stand By Me)

1949 – Donald York, rocker (Sha Na Na)

1959 – Tom Arnold, Iowa, [Mr Roseanne Barr Arnold], actor (Tom, True Lies)

1963 – D.L. Hughley, American comedian and actor

1964 – Madonna Wayne Gacy, American musician

1965 – Tammy Liley, Long Beach Ca, volleyball mid blocker/capt (Oly-b-92, 96)

1966 – Cliff Meidl, Redondon Beach California, sprint kayak (alt-Olympics-96)

1968 – Carla McGhee, Peoria Ill, US basketball forward (Olympics-gold-96)

1968 – Russell Butler, Dandenong Victoria Australia, diver (Oly-28th-88, 96)

1970 – Amy Pietz, Milwaukee Wisc, actress (Annie-Caroline In the City)

1972 – Shaquille O’Neal, Newark NJ, NBA center (Magic, Lakers, Oly-gold-96)

1973 – Brian Olson, Tallahassee Fla, middleweight (189 lbs) judoka (Oly-96)

1979 – Ryan Nyquist, American BMX rider

 

 

Deaths

766 – Chrodegang, church reformer/bishop of Mainz, dies at about 50

1252 – Saint Rose of Viterbo, Italian saint (b. 1235)

1490 – Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (b. 1458)

1531 – Pedrarias Dávila, Spanish conquistador

1615 – Pieter Both, Dutch admiral/1st gov-gen (East Indies, 1609-14), drowns

1720 – Pieter van Flowers, Flemish painter, buried at 63

1753 – Gerhardus Havingha, composer, dies at 56

1754 – Henry Pelham, English premier (1745, 46-54), Gin Act, dies at about 57

 

 

 

1836 – Davy CrockettUS pioneer (Alamo), killed in battle at 49

 

 

 

 

 

1836 – James Butler Bonham, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1807)

 

 

 

1836 – Jim BowieAmerican pioneer and soldier (Alamo) (b. 1796)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1854 – Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, British soldier and politician (b. 1778)

1881 – Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)

1888 – Louisa May Alcott, US author (Old-fashioned Girl), dies at 55

1900 – Gottlieb Daimler, designed 1st motorcycle, dies at 65

1905 – John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician (b. 1818)

1932 – John Philip Sousa, US composer (Stars & Stripes Forever), dies at 77

1933 – Anton J Cermak, US mayor of Chicago, murdered

1939 – [Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician, dies at 86

1941 John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum, sculptor (Mount Rushmore), dies at 73

1945 – Jan Thijssen, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Savage Farm

1965 – Margaret Dumont [Daisy Baker], actress (Animal Crackers), dies at 75

1967 – Nelson Eddy, US baritone/actor (Phantom of the Opera), dies at 65

1970 – William Hopper, actor (Paul Drake-Perry Mason), dies at 55

1973 – Pearl S[ydenstricker] Buck, author (Good Earth-Nobel 1938), dies at 80

1973 – Vera Fjodorova Panova, Russian author (Sputniki), dies at 67

1976 – “Slapsie” Maxie Rosenbloom, leight heavy weight boxing champ (1930-34), dies at 71

1981 – Klaus Grabowski, child molester, shot by parent

 

 

 

1982 – Ayn Randauthor-philosopher (Atlas Shrugged), dies in NY at 77

 

Ayn Rand Interviewed By Phil Donahue

Ayn Rand Educates Phil Donahue on Free Market Economics

Ayn Rand Interview with Tom Snyder

The Fountainhead – Howard Roark Speech

Objectivism — Ayn Rand Lexicon

Atlas Shrugged » The Philosophy

 

 

 

 

1983 – Thelma Pelish, actress (Pajama Game), dies at 55

1984 – Henry Wilcoxon, actor (Cleopatra, Dragnet, Jericho), dies at 78

1984 – Martin Niemöller, German submarine capt/anti-nazi minister, dies at 92

1986 – Adolph Caesar, actor (Club Paradise, Soldier’s Story), dies

1986 – Georgia O’Keeffe, American artist (b. 1887)

1994 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress (Never on a Sunday), dies at about 68

1994 – Moses Rascoe, blues singer, dies at 77

1996 – Herbert “Herb” Hall, clarinetist/saxophonist, dies at 88

2003 – John Sanford, American author (b. 1904)

2004 – Frances Dee, American actress (b. 1909)

 

 

 

2005 – Hans BetheGerman-born physicistNobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)

 

 

 

 

 

2006 – Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (b. 1960)

2006 – Dana Reeve, American actress, wife of Christopher Reeve (b. 1961)

2007 – Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (b. 1909)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

363 – Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death.

1046 – Naser Khosrow begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.

1179 – 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1461 – Henry VI was deposed by Duke of York during War of the Roses

1496 – English king Henry VII hires John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) to explore

1558 – Smoking tobacco introduced in Europe by Francisco Fernandes

1616 – Copernicus’ “de Revolutionibus” placed on Catholic Forbidden index

1623 – 1st American temperance law enacted, Virginia

1651 – South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm

 

 

 

1770 – Boston Massacre , British troops kill 5 in crowdCrispus Attucks becomes 1st black to die for American freedom

 

 

 

 

 

1821 – Monroe is 1st pres inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun

1824 – First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.

 

 

 

1836 – Mexico attacks Alamo (3/6 final assault)

 

 

 

 

 

1836 – Samuel Colt manufactures 1st pistol, 34-caliber “Texas” model

1842 – Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.

1845 – Congress appropriates $30,000 to ship camels to western US

1848 – Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.

1849 – Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th president

1856 – Covent Garden Opera House destroyed in a fire

1856 – Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads

1862 – Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida

1868 – US Senate organizes to decide charges against Pres Andrew Johnson

1872 – George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

1877 – Rutherford B Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president

1904 – Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.

1907 – The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops.

1908 – 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica

1912 – Spanish steamer “Principe de Asturias” sinks NE of Spain, 500 die

1912 – Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.

1915 – World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.

1917 – 1st jazz recording for Victor Records released

1923 – 1st old age pension plans in US established by Montana & Nevada

1924 – Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM

1927 – 1,000 US marines land in China to protect American property

1933 – FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday

1933 – Germany’s Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)

1935 – 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)

 

 

 

1936 – Spitfire makes it’s 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Japanese troop march into Batavia

1943 – RAF bombs Essen Germany

1945 – Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands

1945 – World War II: The “Battle of the Ruhr” begins.

1946 – Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech (Fulton Missouri)

1948 – US rocket flies record 4800 KPH to 126k height

1956 – “King Kong,” 1st televised

1959 – Iran & US sign economic & military treaty

1960 – Elvis Presley ends 2-year hitch in US Army

1960 – Ice Dance Championship at Vancouver won by Denny & Jones (GRB)

1960 – Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)

1960 – Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Vancouver won by Alain Giletti (FRA)

1960 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champions in Vanc won by Carol E Heiss (USA)

1965 – March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.

1966 – 75 MPH air currents causes BOAC 707 crash into Mount Fuji, 124 die

1966 – Bob Seagren pole vaults 5.19m indoor world record

1968 – US launches Solar Explorer 2 to study the Sun

1969 – Gold reaches then record high ($47 per ounce) in Paris

 

 

 

1970 – SDS Weathermen terrorist group prematurely detonate bomb 18 West 11th St in NYC (6th?)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1970 – Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.

1976 – British pound falls below $2 for 1st time

1978 – Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, Calif

1979 – Voyager I’s closest approach to Jupiter (172,000 miles)

1980 – Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49

1981 – Ice Dance Championship at Hartford won by Jayne Torvill & C Dean (GRB)

1981 – Ice Pairs Champ at Hartford won by Irina Vorobieva & I Lisovski (URS)

1981 – Men’s Figure Skating Champions in Hartford won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

1981 – US government grants Atlanta $1 million to search for black boy murderer

1982 – Gaylord Perry (with 297 wins) signs with Seattle Mariners

1984 – Supreme Court (5-4): city may use public money for Nativity scene

1984 – US accuse Iraq of using poison gas

1985 – Mexican authorities find the body of US drug agent Enrique “Kike” Camarena Salaazar

1991 – Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait

1992 – Ethic committee votes to reveal congressmen who bounced checks

1994 – Largest milkshake (1,955 gallons of chocolate-Nelspruit South Africa)

1994 – Singer Grace Slick arrested for pointing a gun at a cop

1995 – Graves of czar Nicholas & family found in St Petersburg

1995 – Marc Velzeboer skates world record 3 km short track (5:00.26)

2001 – In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.

2003 – In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre.

2012 – 27 members of Iraq’s security force are killed by gunmen disguised as police in Haditha

 

 

Births

1133 – King Henry II of England (d. 1189)

1324 – David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71)

 

 

 

1512 – Gerardus MercatorRupelmonde (Belgium), geographer/mapmaker

 

 

 

 

 

1563 – John Coke, English politician (d. 1644)

1574 – William Oughtred, England, mathematician/inventor (slide rule)

1637 – John van der Heyden, Dutch painter/inventor (fire extinguisher)

1658 – Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, french colonial governor of America

1739 – Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (d. 1819)

1748 – Jonas C. Dryander, Swedish botanist (d. 1810)

1794 – Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer

1794 – Robert Cooper Grier, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1870)

1825 – John Dunovant, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1836 – Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929)

 

 

 

1853 – Howard Pyleillustrator/painter/author (King Stork)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1873 – Olav Bjaaland, Norwegian explorer and cross-country skier (d. 1961)

1879 – Sir William Beveridge, British economist (d. 1963)

1898 – Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People’s Republic of China (d. 1976)

1905 – Gilroy Roberts, US chief engraver (1948-64)

1908 – Sir Rex Harrison, England, actor (My Fair Lady, Dr Doolittle)

1918 – Halsey S Colchester, British SAS/spy (MI6)/priest

1918 – James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)

1922 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Bologna Italy, director (Teorema, Pigsty)

1927 – Jack Cassidy, Richmond Hill VA, actor (Oscar/Jetman-He & She)

1929 – Erik Carlsson, Swedish rally driver

1934 – James B Sikking, CA, actor (Hill St Blues, Star Trek 3, Doogie Howser)

1934 – Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist, Nobel laureate

1936 – Dean Stockwell, California, actor (Werewolf of Washington, Blue Velvet)

1936 – Canaan Banana, first President of Zimbabwe (d. 2003)

1937 – Stephen Fitz-Simon, entrepreneur

1938 – Fred “Hammer” Williamson, Gary Indiana, NFLer (Chiefs)/actor (Julia)

1939 – Samantha Eggar, London, actress (Collector, Dr Doolittle) [or May 3]

1939 – Terry Curry, English multi-millionaire

1939 – Peter Woodcock, Canadian serial killer

1942 – Michael D[iamond] Resnick, sci-fi author (Sideshow, Eros Ascending)

1944 – Roy Gutman, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner

1945 – Randy Matson, US, shot putter (Olympic-gold-1968)

1948 – Eddy Grant, Guyana, reggae performer (Electric Avenue)

1948 – Paquirri, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1984)

1949 – Franz Josef Jung, Commander-in-chief of the German Bundeswehr

 

 

 

1955 – Penn JilletteMassmagician (Penn & Teller-Penn & Teller are Dead)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1956 – Teena Marie, American singer

1958 – Andy Gibb, Manchester England, singer/TV host (Solid Gold)

1962 – Robert L Curbeam Jr, Baltimore Md, astronaut (STS 85, sk: 99)

1964 – Reggie Williams, NBA forward/guard (Denver Nuggets)

1967 – Nicole Boegman, Australian long jumper (Olympics-88, 92, 96)

1968 – Marq Mellor, Long Island NY, field hockey forward (Olympics-96)

1970 – John Frusciante, American musician (Red Hot Chili Peppers)

1971 – Filip Meirhaeghe, Belgian mountainbiker

1974 – Brad Schumacher, US, 400m/800m freesytyle (Olympics-gold-96)

1974 – Eva Mendes, American actress

1975 – Niki Taylor, model (Elle, Marie Claire)

1975 – Luciano Burti, Brazilian racing driver

1976 – Tim Sylvia, American mixed martial artist

1978 – Papoose, American rapper

1981 – Andreas Wiig, Norwegian snowboarder

1985 – Whitney Port, Cast member of The Hills TV series

 

 

Deaths

254 – St Lucius I, Pope (253-54), dies

1291 – Sa’ad al’Da’ulah, Jewish grand vizier of Persia, assassinated

1534 – Antonio da Correggio, Italian painter (b. 1489)

1539 – Nuno da Cunha, Portuguese governor in India (b. 1487)

1611 – Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1533)

1625 – James I (VI), king of England (1603-25)/poet/author, dies at 58

 

 

 

1770 – Crispus Attucksslaveis 1st of 5 killed during Boston Massacre

 

 

 

 

 

1776 – Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1694)

1827 – Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist (made 1st battery), dies at 82

1829 – John Adams, last surviving HMS Bounty mutineer (b. 1766)

1893 – Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher/historian, dies at 64

1895 – Henry Rawlinson, British soldier and scholar (b. 1810)

1903 – George Francis Robert Henderson, British soldier (b. 1854)

1904 – Alfred von Waldersee, Prussian field marshal/chief-staff, dies at 71

 

 

 

1926 – Clément AderFrench aviation pioneer (b. 1841)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1927 – Franz Mertens, German mathematician (b. 1840)

1929 – David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-born American automobile pioneer (b. 1854)

1932 – Takuma Dan, Japanese baron/financier/industrial, murdered

1941 – Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel 1927), dies at 82

1944 – Max Jacob, French writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67

1945 – Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)

1953 – Joseph Stalin, Premier of the Soviet Union (1941-53), dies at 73

1953 – Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev, Ukrainian composer, dies at 61

1953 – Herman J. Mankiewicz, American screenwriter (b. 1897)

1963 – Patsy Cline, country singer (Crazy), dies in a plane crash at 30

1963 – Cowboy Copas, American singer (b. 1913)

1974 – Solomon I “Sol” Hurok, US impresario, dies at 85

1974 – Billy De Wolfe, American actor (b. 1907)

1980 – Jay Silverheels, Canadian actor (Tonto-Lone Ranger), dies at 60

 

 

 

1982 – John Belushicomedian (Sat Night Live), dies of drug overdose at 33

 

 

VIDEOS

1984 – Michael Sklar, California, comedian (Laugh-in, Sha Na Na), dies at 39

1984 – William Powell, actor (My Man Godfrey), dies at 91

1990 – Gary Merrill, actor (Time Tunnel, Huckleberry Finn), dies at 75

1992 – Andrew Samuel, child actor (Our Gang), dies at 82

1993 – Peter Bierdrager, Dutch Fokker’s-test pilot, dies in air crash

1995 – Ed Flanders, actor (Dr Westphal-St Elsewhere), dies

1995 – Gregg Hansford, Australian motorcycle and touring car racer (b. 1952)

1996 – Whit Bissell, actor (Time Tunnel), dies at 86

1999 – Richard Kiley, American actor (b. 1922)

2000 – Lolo Ferrari, French pornographic actress (b. 1962)

2006 – Richard Kuklinski, American Mafia hit man (b. 1935)

2012 – William Heirens, American serial killer, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

51 – Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth).

303 – Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia.

852 – Croatian Duke Trpimir I issued a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources.

932 – Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Prince of the Czechs.

1152 – Frederik I Barbarossa elected Roman-German king

1215 – King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III.

 

 

 

1238 – The Battle of the Sit River was fought in the northern part of the present-day Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal during the Mongol invasion of Russia.

 

 

 

 

 

1351 – Ramathibodi becomes King of Siam.

1386 – Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) was crowned King of Poland.

1461 – Battle at Towton: Duke Edward of York beats English queen Margaretha Edward IV recognized as king of England

1492 – King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.

1621 – Jacarta, Java renamed Batavia

1675 – John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England

1681 – King Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Penn

1699 – Jews are expelled from Lubeck Germany

1774 – 1st sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)

 

 

 

1776 – The American War of IndependenceThe Americans capture “Dorchester Heights” dominating the port of BostonMassachusetts.

 

 

 

 

 

1789 – 1st Congress declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)

1791 – 1st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office

1791 – Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)

1793 – Washington’s 2nd inauguration, shortest speech (133 words)

1797 – John Adams inaugurated as 2nd president of US

1801 – 1st president inaugurated in Washington DC (Thomas Jefferson)

1804 – The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland’s Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony’s only significant convict uprising.

1809 – Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes

1824 – The “National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck” was founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.

1825 – John Quincy Adams inaugrated as 6th president

1826 – 1st US RR chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Mass

1829 – Andrew Jackson inaugurated as 7th president

1829 – Unruly crowd mobs White House during Pres Jackson inaugural ball

1837 – Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th president

1841 – Longest inauguration speech (8,443 words), William Henry Harrison

1845 – James K Polk inaugrated at 11th president

1849 – US had no president, Polks term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn’t be sworn-in, Sen David Atchison (pres pro tem) term ended Mar 3rd

1861 – Confederate States adopt “Stars & Bars” flag

1861 – Lincoln’s inaugurated as 16th pres; 1st time US has 5 former pres

1861 – Pres Lincoln opens government Printing Office

1863 – Battle of Thompson’s Station, TN

1863 – Territory of Idaho established

1865 – Confederate congress approves final design of “official flag”

1865 – President Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as president

1869 – Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th president

1881 – James A Garfield inaugurated as 20th president

1885 – Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st Democratic pres since Civil War

1889 – Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd president

1890 – The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.

1893 – Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US president (2nd term)

1894 – Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed

1897 – William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of US

1901 – President William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as president

1902 – American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago

1908 – Collingwood Ohio, US primary school catches fire (180 killed)

1909 – President Taft inaugrated at 27th president during 10″ snowstorm

1911 – Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US

1913 – 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed

1913 – Dept of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments

1913 – Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th president

1917 – Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Mont) becomes 1st female member of Congress

1921 – Hot Springs National Park created in Arkansas

1924 – “Happy Birthday To You” published by Claydon Sunny

1930 – Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated

1930 – Terrible floods ransack Languedoc and the surrounds in south-west France, resulting in twelve departments being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people.

1933 – FDR inaugrated as 32nd pres, pledges to pull US out of Depression & says “We have nothing to fear but fear itself”

1933 – Bertha Wilson is appointed as first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada.

1936 – 1st flight of airship Hindenburg, Germany

1941 – 18 Geuzen resistance fighters sentenced to death in The Hague

1941 – The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands, during World War II.

1944 – 1st US bombing of Berlin

1945 – Finland declares war on nazi-Germany

1945 – In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Army as a driver.

1954 – Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.

1960 – French freighter “La Coubre” explodes in Havana Cuba, killing 100

1960 – Lucille Ball files divorce from Desi Arnaz

1962 – AEC announces 1st atomic power plant in Antarctica in operation

1964 – Jimmy Hoffa convicted of jury tampering

1965 – David Attenbrough became the new controller of BBC2

1966 – North Sea Gas was 1st pumped ashore by BP

1967 – Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Vienna won by Emmerich Danzer (AUT)

1967 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champion in Vienna won by Peggy Fleming (US)

1968 – Joe Frazier TKOs Buster Mathis in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

1968 – Martin Luther King Jr announces plans for Poor People’s Campaign

1968 – Orbiting Geophysical Observatory 5 launched

1970 – French submarine “Eurydice” explodes

1970 – NY Rangers set then NHL record of 126 games without being shut-out

1971 – “City Command” kidnaps 4 US military men at Ankara, Turkey

1976 – John Pezzin bowls 33 consecutive strikes at Toledo, Ohio

1976 – SF Giants are bought for $8 million by Bob Lurie & Bud Herseth

1977 – 1st CRAY 1 supercomputer shipped, to Los Alamos Laboratories, NM

1978 – Chicago Daily News, founded in 1875, publishes last issue

1979 – 200th episode of “All in the Family”

1979 – US Voyager I photo reveals Jupiter’s rings

1980 – Robert Mugabe’s ZANU-PF wins parliamentary election in Zimbabwe

1985 – Virtual ban on leaded gas ordered by EPA

1985 – War veterans returned to the “Bridge over the River Kwai”

1989 – Eastern Airlines machinists strike

1989 – Javier Sotomayor high jumps indoor world record (2.43m)

1990 – US 65th manned space mission STS 36 (Atlantis 6) returns from space

1991 – Bank of Credit & Commerce Intl divests itself of 1st American Bank

1991 – Iraq releases 6 US, 3 British & 1 Italian POW

1993 – Katharine Hepburn enters the hospital suffering from exhaustion

1994 – 4 Arab terrorist founded guilty of bombing the World Trade Center

1995 – Blind teenage boy receives a ‘Bionic Eye’ at a Washington Hospital

1995 – Michael Johnson runs world record 400m indoor (44.63 sec)

1995 – Replacement NY Yankees beat NY Mets 2-1

1997 – Comet Hale-Bopp directly above the Sun (1.04 AU)

1997 – President Clinton bans federally funded human cloning research

2001 – 4 March 2001 BBC bombing: a massive car bomb explodes in front of the BBC Television Centre in London, seriously injuring 11 people. The attack was attributed to the Real IRA.

2001 – Hintze Ribeiro disaster, a bridge collapses in northern Portugal, killing up to 70 people.

2002 – Multinational Force in Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.

2005 – United Nations warns that about 90 million Africans could be infected by the HIV virus in the future without further action against the spread of the disease.

2006 – Final contact attempt with Pioneer 10 by the Deep Space Network. No response was received.

2009 – The International Criminal Court (ICC) issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur. Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state to be indicted by the ICC since its establishment in 2002.

2012 – Munitions dump explosions kill at least 250 people in the Republic of Congo

 

 

Births

1188 – Blanche of Castile, wife of Louis VIII of France (d. 1252)

 

 

 

1394 – Henry the NavigatorPrince/sponsors Portuguese voyages of discovery

 

 

 

 

 

1492 – Francesco de Layolle, composer

1651 – John Baron Somers, (Whig), William III’s chief minister (1696-1700)

1665 – Philip Christoph von Königsmarck, Swedish soldier (d. 1694)

1678 – Antonio Vivaldi, Venice, Baroque violin virtuoso/composer (4 Seasons)

1702 – Jack Sheppard, English burglar and escapee (d. 1724)

1706 – Lauritz de Thurah, Danish architect and architectural writer (d. 1759)

1747 – Casimir Pulaski, Count/American Revolutionary War general

1754 – Benjamin Waterhouse, physician (smallpox vaccine pioneer)

1756 – Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (d. 1823)

1782 – Johann Wyss, Swiss folklorist/writer (Swiss Family Robinson)

1798 – John Joseph Abercrombie, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1877

1817 – Edwards Pierrepont, American statesman, jurist and lawyer; 34th United States Attorney General (d. 1892)

 

 

 

1826 – John BufordMajor General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

 

 

 

 

 

1826 – Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (d. 1863)

1828 – Elisha Franklin “Bull” Paxton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1835 – Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italy, astronomer (discovered canals of Mars)

1847 – Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)

1864 – David W. Taylor, U.S. Navy architect (d. 1940)

1871 – Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)

1873 – Guy Wetmore Carryl, American humorist and poet (d. 1904)

1876 – Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician’s Guild (d. 1945)

1888 – Knute Rockne, Norwegian/US football player/coach (Notre Dame)

1891 – Lois Wilson, founder of Al-Anon (d. 1988)

1895 – Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator (d. 1953)

1901 – Charles H Goren, bridge master (26 US Titles)

1906 – Georges Ronsse, Belgian national cyclo-cross and world champion road bicycle racer (d. 1969)

1906 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, Jr., American businessman (d. 2007)

1909 – Harry B Helmsley, NYC, billionaire builder (Empire State Building)

1912 – John Garfield, NYC, actor (Air Force, Destination: Tokyo, Juarez)

1913 – Willie Johnson (guitarist), American guitarist (d. 1995)

1914 – Ward Kimball, American cartoonist (d. 2002)

1914 – Robert R. Wilson, American physicist, sculptor and architect (d. 2000)

1919 – Buck Baker, American racecar driver (d. 2002)

1922 – Richard E. Cunha, American cinematographer and film director (d. 2005)

1923 – Patrick Moore, England, astronomer/writer (A-Z of Astronomy), (d. 2012)

1923 – Piero J d’Inzeo, France, equestrian show jumper (Olymp-gold-1952, 64)

1926 – Richard DeVos, American billionaire, co-founder of Amway

1927 – Thayer David, MA, actor (Eiger Sanction, Rocky, Nero Wolfe, Savages)

1932 – Miriam Makeba, Johannesburg South Africa, singer (Grammy 1965)

 

 

 

1932 – Ed “Big Daddy” RothAmerican car designer (d. 2001)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1934 – Barbara McNair, Racine Wisc, singer/actress (Barbara McNair Show)

1936 – David Thompson, British food magnate/multi-millionaire

 

 

 

1942 – Charles C. Krulak31st Commandant of the U.SMarine Corps

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – Bobby Womack, Cleve, R&B singer/guitarist (Woman’s Got to Have It)

1948 – Chris Squire, London, rock bassist (Yes-Fish Out of Water)

1950 – Emilio Estefan, Cuba, rocker (Miami Sound Machine-1 2 3)

1950 – Rick Perry, Governor of Texas

1953 – Kay Lenz, LA California, actress (Moving Violations, Rich Man Poor Man)

1954 – Catherine O’Hara, Toronto Ont, comedienne (Beetlejuice, SCTV)

1957 – Jim Dwyer, American journalist and Pulitzer Prize winner

1957 – Rick Mast, American NASCAR driver

1958 – Patricia Heaton, Cleve OH, actress (Debra-Everybody Loves Raymond)

1959 – Kelly Lynch, Golden Walley Minn, actress (Warm Summer Rain, Cocktail)

1961 – Ray “Boom Boom” Mancini, boxer (killed a boxer in the ring)

1961 – Steven Weber, Queens NY, actor (Brian Hackett-Wings)

1962 – Brant Ian Woodward, Hurstville NZ, trap shooter (Olympics-96)

1963 – Jason Newstedt, US heavy-metal bassist (Metallica-Kill ‘em All)

1967 – Juli Furtado, NYC, mountain cyclist (world champ-1991, 92)

1968 – Dionna Harris, Wilmington Del, softball outfielder (Olympics-gold-96)

1968 – Evan Dando, rocker (Lemonheads)

1968 – Patsy Kensit, London, actress (Lethal Weapon 2, Hanover St)

1969 – Chaz Bono [Chastity Sun Bono], LA California, actress (Sonny & Cher Show)

1972 – Jennie Garth, actress (Beverly Hills 90210)

1972 – Jos Verstappen, Dutch Formula One driver

1974 – Sherry Wigginton, Austin Texas, diver (Olympics-96)

1978 – Rachel Roberts, Canadian model and actress

1982 – Mariano Altuna, Argentine racing driver

1982 – Landon Donovan, American soccer player

1991 – Diandra Newlin, American actress, singer, and fashion model

 

 

 

Deaths

251 – Pope Lucius I

480 – Saint Landry, bishop of Sées

1172 – Stephan III, King of Hungary (1162-72), dies; (b. 1147)

1193 – Saladin, Kurdish sultan (b. 1137)

1238 – Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)

1303 – Daniel of Moscow, Russian Saint, Grand Prince of Muscovy (b. 1261)

1484 – Saint Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland dies at 25

1496 – Sigismund of Austria (b. 1427)

1595 – Robert Southwell, English poet, hanged for becoming a Catholic priest

1604 – Fausto Paolo Sozzini, Italian theologian (b. 1539)

1733 – Claude de Forbin, French naval commander (b. 1656)

1744 – John Anstis, Garter King of Arms (b. 1669)

1851 – James Richardson, British explorer (b. 1809)

 

 

 

1858 – Matthew PerryU.S. naval officer (b. 1794)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1883 – Alexander H Stephens, VP Confederate States, dies at 71

1910 – Knut Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1857)

1915 – William Willett, inventor of Daylight Saving Time (b. 1856)

1927 – Ira Remsen American chemist (b. 1846)

1933 – Willie Walker, US jazz singer/guitarist (Dupree Blues), dies at 34

1950 – Adam Rainer, the only man in recorded human history ever to have been both a dwarf and a giant (b. 1899)

1952 – Charles Scott Sherrington, English scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)

1953 – Sergei S Prokoviev, Russian composer (Peter & the wolf), dies at 61

1963 – William Carlos Williams, US physician/poet, dies at 79

1973 – Samuel Tolansky, British scientist and expert on spectroscopy (b. 1907)

1976 – Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (b. 1886)

1979 – Willi Unsoeld, American mountain climber (b. 1926)

1981 – Yip Harburg, American lyricist (b. 1896)

1986 – Richard Manuel, rock vocalist/pianist (Band), commits suicide at 42

1989 – Tiny Grimes, American jazz and R&B guitarist (b. 1916)

1992 – Arthur Babbitt, animator (Mr Magoo, Goofy), die at 84 of heart failure

1992 – Christian K Nelson, inventor (Eskimo Pie), dies at 98

1993 – Art Hodes, Russ/US jazz/blues pianist/editor (Jazz Record), dies

1994 – John Candy, actor (SCTV, Uncle Buck), dies from a heart attack at 43

1996 – Minnie Pearl, country comedienne (Grand Ole Opry), dies at 84

1997 – Robert H. Dicke, American physicist (b. 1916)

1999 – Harry Blackmun, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1908)

2001 – Glenn Hughes, American singer (The Village People) (b. 1950)

2001 – Fred Lasswell, American cartoonist (b. 1916)

2004 – George Pake, American physicist (b. 1924)

2004 – Stephen Sprouse, American fashion designer (b. 1953)

2005 – Nicola Calipari, Italian secret service agent (b. 1953)

2006 – John Reynolds Gardiner, American engineer (b. 1944)

2006 – Edgar Valter, Estonian illustrator/cartoonist (b. 1929)

2008 – Gary Gygax, Fantasy author and role-playing games creator. (b. 1938)

 

 

 

2009 – John CephasAmerican Piedmont blues guitarist (b. 1930)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2009 – Horton Foote, American Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright and Academy Award-winning screenwriter (b. 1916)

2010 – Joaquim Fiúza, Portuguese sailor (b. 1908)

2011 – Mikhail Simonov, Russian aircraft designer (b. 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

78 – Origin of Saka Era (India)

468 – St Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius

493 – Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker

1284 – Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England

1409 – Austrian civil war ends

1575 – Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.

1627 – Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil

1634 – 1st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole)

1746 – Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness

1791 – 1st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)

1791 – Congress establishes US Mint

1794 – Richard Allen founded AME Church

1801 – 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia

1803 – 1st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins

1812 – US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)

1813 – Office of surgeon general of the US army forms

1815 – US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute

1817 – Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory & Mississippi

1820 – Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri

1837 – Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9

1837 – US president Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas

1838 – Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada

1842 – 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)

1843 – Congress appropriates $30,000 “to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs” by the US

1845 – 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto

1845 – Florida becomes 27th state

1849 – Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin

1849 – US Department of the Interior established by Congress

1853 – Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress

1855 – Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use

1857 – Second Opium WarFrance and the United Kingdom declare war on China

 

1862 – Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)

1863 – 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

1863 – Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

1863 – Federal ironclad ships bomb Fort McAllister Georgia

1863 – Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress

1865 – Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.

1869 – University of South Carolina opens to all races

1873 – US Congress & government raise own salary, retroactively

1873 – Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any “obscene, lewd, or lascivious” books through the mail.

1877 – Rutherford B Hayes is sworn in as the 19th president

1879 – 1st female lawyer heard by Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)

1882 – NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings

1883 – Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy

1885 – 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission

1885 – American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates

1887 – Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller

1891 – Congress creates US Courts of Appeal

1891 – Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)

1899 – Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar

1899 – George Dewey becomes 1st in US with rank of Admiral of the Navy

1900 – US Steel Corporation organizes

1904 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison’s cylinder.

1905 – US Forest Service forms

1910 – Rockefeller Foundation: J.D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he could devote full time to being a philanthropist.

1911 – 1st US federal cemetery with Union & Rebel graves opens, Missouri

1915 – Natl Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NASA forerunner) created

1915 – NACA, the predecessor of NASA founded.

1926 – International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Fla)

1931 – “Star Spangled Banner” officially becomes US national anthem

1931 – Cab Calloway records “Minnie Moocher” (Jazz’s 1st million seller)

1933 – Mount Rushmore dedicated

1934 – John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol

1939 – In Mumbai, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest of the autocratic rule in India.

1942 – 1st combat flight for Canada’s British-built Avro Lancaster military plane

1943 – Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die

1943 – US defeats Japan & wins Battle of Bismark Sea

1946 – US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill

1946 – US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1955 – Elvis Presley made his 1st TV appearance

1958 – Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq

1959 – 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched

1960 – 9th largest snowfall in NYC history (14.5″)

1965 – Temptations’ “My Girl” reaches #1

1966 – Buffalo Springfield form (Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al)

1966 – Twister hits Jackson Miss; 3 minutes after 1st sighting, 57 die

1969 – Apollo 9 launched for 151 Earth orbits (10 days)

1972 – Sculpted figures of Jefferson DavisRobert E Lee& Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia

1974 – George Foreman KOs Ken Norton

1977 – Ice Pairs Champs at Tokyo won by Irina Rodnina/Alexandr Zaitsev (URS)

1977 – Men’s Figure Skating Champions in Tokyo won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR)

1977 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champ in Tokyo won by Linda Fratianne (USA)

1980 – The USS Nautilus is stricken.

1982 – Senate begins debate on expulsion of Sen Harrison Williams (D-NJ)

1985 – “Moonlighting” with Cybill Shepard & Bruce Willis, premieres

1985 – Willie Shoemaker becomes 1st jockey to win $100 million

1989 – Robert McFarlane gets $20,000 fine, 2 yrs probation for Iran-Contra

1991 – Iraqi generals & Gen Schwarzkopf meet to discuss cease fire

1991 – LA Police severly beat Rodney King, captured on amateur video

1991 – Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (22.24 sec)

1992 – Gas explodes in coal mine at Zonguldak Turkey, 100s die

1992 – Pres Bush apologizes for raising taxes after pledging not to

1992 – The nation of Bosnia was established.

1997 – The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.

2002 – Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.

2004 – Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agreed to merge in a $11.2 billion deal that formed InBev, the world’s largest brewer.

2005 – Mayerthorpe Incident: James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. It is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion.

2005 – Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane around the world solo without any stops without refueling – a journey of 40,234 km/25,000 mi completed in 67 hours and 2 minutes.

2009 – The Sri Lankan cricket team is attacked by terrorists while on their way to the Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore for a Test match against Pakistan.

2009 – The building of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln (Historical Archives) in Cologne, Germany, collapses.

Births

1455 – King John II of Portugal (d. 1495)

1500 – Reginald Pole, English Cardinal/”heretic”

1520 – Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (d. 1575)

1583 – Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher

1678 – Madeleine de Verchères, French Canadian heroine (d. 1747)

1747 – Kasamir PulaskiUS general (Revolutionary War)(oops March 6th)

1831 – George M Pullman, inventor (railway sleeping car)

1838 – George William Hill, US astronomer (calculated Moon’s orbit)

1839 – Jamsetji Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1904)

1841 – John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Depths of the Ocean)

1845 – Georg Cantor, German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)

1847 – Alexander Graham Bell, Scotland, inventor (telephone)

1872 – Wee Willie Keeler, outfielder (Baltimore Orioles); hit .432 in 1897

1877 – Garrett Morgan, African-American inventor

1880 – Anne C Veth, Dutch cartoonist/art critic

1895 – Matthew B RidgwayUS gen (WW II/China/Nicaragua/Korea/NATO)

1895 – Ragnar Frisch, Oslo, Norwegian economist (1st winner of the Nobel prize in economics-1969)

1897 – Jose Moreno Gans, composer

1899 – Alfred M Gruenther, US, commanding general (NATO, 1953-56)

1900 – Edna Best, Hove England, actress (Key, Calendar, Escape, Intermezzo)

1902 – Ruby Dandridge, Memphis Tenn, actress (Father of the Bride)

1903 – Gilbert Adrian, [Greenberg], Naugatuck CT, costume designer

1911 – Jean Harlow, [Harlean Carpentier], KS, 30s’ sex goddess (Dinner at 8)

1914 – Martin Ritt, actor/director (Slugger’s Wife, End of the Game)

1917 – Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (d. 1952)

1918 – Arthur Kornberg, US biochemist (Nobel 1959)

1920 – James Doohan, Vancouver BC, actor (Montgomery Scott-Star Trek)

1920 – Julius Boros, golfer (PGA Champ 1968, US Open 1952, 63)

1921 – Diana Barrymore, NYC, actress (Nightmare, Lady Courageous, Fired Wife)

1925 – Richard Vernon, England, actor (Servant, Gandhi, Hard Days Night)

1927 – John McLaughlin, commentator (McLaughlin Report)

1933 – Lee Radziwell Ross, NYC, princess (Jackie O’s sister)

1934 – Gia Scala, Italy, actress (Angry Hills, Don’t Go Near the Water)

1936 – Jim ClarkFormula 1 racer (1963 champ)

1938 – Lew De Witt, singer (Statler Brothers-Flowers on the Wall)

1938 – Willie Chambers, guitarist/vocalist (Chambers Brothers)

1942 – Vladimir Vasilyevich Kovolyonok, USR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 29/31, T-4)

1944 – Janice Garfat, rocker (Dr Hook)

1946 – James C Adamson, Warsaw NY, Lt Col USA/astronaut (STS 28, STS 43)

1947 – Otto Stuppacher, Austrian racing driver (d. 2001)

1948 – Byron MacGregor, newscaster

1949 – Bonnie J Dunbar, Sunnyside Wash, PhD/astro (STS 61-A, 32, 50, 71, 89)

1949 – James S Voss, Cordova Alabama, Major USA/astronaut (STS 44, 53, 69)

1950 – Ed Marinaro, actor (Hill Street Blues)

1950 – Re Styles, rock vocalist (Tubes)

1950 – Tim Kazurinsky, Johnstown Pa, comedian (SNL, Police Academy 2, 3, 4)

1951 – Sergei Aleksandrovich Yemelyanov, Russian cosmonaut

1953 – Aleksandr Viktorovich Borodin, Russia, cosmonaut

1953 – Dave Amato, rocker (REO Speedwagon-Can’t Fight this Feeling)

1956 – Jim Barton, Lincoln Neb, soling yachter (Olympics-bronze-1996)

1958 – Miranda Richardson, Southport England, actress (Damage, Crying Game)

1958 – Marc Silvestri, American comic book artist and publisher (Top Cow Productions)

1961 – Mary Page Keller, actress (Duet, Scared Stiff, Baby Talk)

1961 – Perry McCarthy, English racing driver

1962 – Herschel Walker, WFL/NFL running back (NJ Generals, Dallas Cowboys)

1962 – Jackie Joyner-Kersee, E St Louis IL, heptathele (Olympic-gold-88, 92)

1963 – Elizabeth Chavez, Santa Monica Ca, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-13th-91)

1966 – Ellen Minzner, Lawrence Mass, rower (Olympics-96)

1966 – Hope Marie CarltonRiverhead NYplaymate (July, 1985)

1966 – Tone-Loc, [Anthony Terrell Smith], LA California, rocker (Let’s Do It)

1968 – Brian Leetch, Corpus Christi TX, NHL defenseman (Team USA, NY Rangers)

1968 – Diann Roffe-Steinrotter, Warsaw NY, alpine skier (Oly-gold/silver-92)

1969 – Simon Whitlock, Australian Darts Player

1971 – Tyler Florence, chef, Food Network personality, & cookbook author

1973 – Victoria Nika Zdrok, Kiev Ukraine, playmate (Oct, 1994)

1975 – Danica McKellar, actress (Winnie Cooper-Wonder Years) [or Jan 3]

1977 – Ronan Keating, Bayside Dublin Ireland, Irish singer (Boyzone)

1982 – Jessica Biel, Ely Minnesota, American actress (Mary Camden in 7th Heaven)

1989 – Erica Morningstar, Canadian Swimmer, and record holder.

Deaths

561 – Pelagius I, Italian Pope (547-51, 556-61), dies

1191 – Saladin [Salah ad-Din] Yusuf, sultan of Egypt/Syriadies at 52 (or 4th)

1239 – Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (b. 1187)

1459 – Ausias March, Catalan poet, dies

1580 – Jacob Hillebrand, Dutch mayor of Groningen, dies

1635 – Philips de l’Espinoy, historian/mayor of Ghent, dies

1703 – Robert Hooke, scientific genius, dies in London

1707 – Aurangzeb, Emperor of India (1658-1707), dies at 88

1765 – William Stukeley, English archaeologist (b. 1687)

1792 – Robert Adam, Scottish architect (Syon House, Middlesex), dies at 63

1864 – Ulric DahlgrenUnion coloneldies in battle at 21

1921 – Petrus Cuypers, architect (Amsterdam museum), dies at 93

1927 – J.G. Parry-Thomas, Welsh motor-racing driver (b. 1884)

1941 – Ernst Cahn, owner of Amsterdam Koco ice cream parlor, executed

1945 – Koos Speenhoff, Dutch singer, killed in bombing raid at 75

1959 – Lou Costello, comedian (Abbott & Costello), dies at 52

1966 – William Frawley, actor (Fred Mertz-I Love Lucy), dies at 89

1983 – Arthur Koestler, Hung/Brit writer (Dialogue With Death), dies at 77

1985 – Sarah Blanding, 1st US fem college head (Vassar 1946-64), dies at 86

1987 – Danny Kaye, comedian (Danny Kaye Show), dies at 74

1988 – Sewall Wright, US geneticist (evolution model), dies at 98

1991 – Arthur Murray, dance instructor, dies at 95 of pneumonia

1992 – Sandy Dennis, actress (Up the Down Staircase), dies of cancer at 54

1993 – Albert Sabin, physician (oral polio vaccine), dies at 86

1993 – Carlos Montoyaflamenco guitaristdies at 89

VIDEOS

1994 – Anita Morris, actress (Nine), dies of cancer at 50

1995 – Shiv Verma, soldier, dies at 85

1996 – Lyle Talbot, [Henderson], actor (Plan 9 From Outer Space), dies at 76

1998 – Fred Friendly, American broadcast executive (b. 1915)

1999 – Gerhard Herzberg, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)

2003 – Horst Buchholz, German actor (b. 1933)

2003 – Luis Marden, American photojournalist (b. 1913)

2003 – Peter Smithson, English architect (b. 1923)

2005 – Max M. Fisher, American philanthropist (b. 1928)

2006 – William Herskovic, Holocaust hero and philanthropist (b. 1914)

2012 – Ronnie Montrose, American guitarist, dies from prostate cancer at 64

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

871 – Battle at Marton: Ethelred van Wessex beats Danish invasion army

986 – Louis V becomes King of the Franks.

1121 – Dirk VI becomes count of Holland

1127 – Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.

1458 – Hussite George van Podiebrad chosen king of Bohemia

1498 – Vasco da Gama’s fleet visits Mozambique Island

1629 - English king Charles I leaces house of commons

 

 

 

1776 – Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston

 

 

 

 

 

1791 – Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.

1799 – Congress standardizes US weights & measures

1807 – Congress bans slave trade effective January 1, 1808

1819 – Territory of Arkansas organized

1819 – US passed its 1st immigration law

1824 – Interstate commerce comes under federal control

1836 – Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico

1842 – The Grand National steeplechase at Aintree near Liverpool England is won by Gaylad, ridden by Tom Olliver.

1853 – Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter

1855 – Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia

1861 – Government Printing Office purchases 1st printing plant, Washington

1861 – US creates Dakota & Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska & Utah ter

1863 – Congress authorizes track width of 4’8½” for Union Pacific RR

1865 – Gen Early’s army is defeated at Waynesborough

1865 – Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.

1866 – 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn

1867 – 1st Reconstruction act passed by US Congress

1867 – US Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico

1867 – Jesse James gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 dead

1867 – US Congress creates the Department of Education

1868 – University of Illinois opens

1877 – Rutherford B Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory

1889 – Kansas passes 1st US antitrust

1893 – 1st federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features

 

 

 

1899 – Pres McKinley signs bill creating Mt Rainier Natl Park (5th in US)

 

 

 

 

 

1901 – The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.

1903 – Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in NYC

1910 – 2 trains crash in snow storm in Wellington Washington, 118 die

1915 – British vice adm Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts

1915 – Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine

1917 – Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, US citizenship granted

1923 – Time magazine debuts

1925 – Nationwide road numbering system & US shield marker adopted

1927 – Babe Ruth becomes highest paid baseball player ($70,000 per year)

1930 – 1st US indoor glider flight, St Louis Terminal Building

1933 – “King Kong,” premieres at Radio City Music Hall & RKO Roxy NYC

1933 – Most powerful earthquake in 180 years hit Japan

1934 – Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha

1937 – Mexico nationalizes oil

1938 – Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (LA California)

1940 – Soviet armies conquer Tuppura Island Finland

1941 – World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.

1943 – 1st transport from Westerbork Neth to Sobibor concentration camp

1943 – Sea battle in Bismarck Sea finishes, US & Australia win

1944 – Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocates 521 in Italy

1945 – 8th Air Force bombs Dresden

1946 – Ho Chi Minh elected president of North Vietnam

1946 – Kingman Douglass, becomes deputy director of CIA

1949 – 1st automatic street light (New Milford, Ct)

1949 – Lucky Lady II (USAF B-50 Superfortress), completes 1st nonstop round- the-world flight at Fort Worth, Tx, covering 23,452-mis in 94 hrs

1956 – Morocco tears up the Treaty of Fez, declares independence from France

1958 – 1st surface crossing of Antarctic continent is completed in 99 days

1962 – Wilt Chamberlain scores incredible 100 points in an NBA game

1966 – 215,000 US soldiers in Vietnam

1968 – Ice Pairs Championship at Geneva won by Belousova & Protopopov (USSR)

1968 – Men’s Figure Skating Champions in Geneva won by Emmerich Danzer (AUT)

 

 

 

1968 – USAF displays Lockheed C-5A Galaxybiggest plane in the world

 

 

 

 

1968 – Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Geneva won by Peggy Fleming (US)

1969 – 1st test flight of the supersonic Concorde

1970 – American Airlines’ 1st flight of a Boeing 747

1970 – Rhodesia becomes independent republic

1970 – Supreme Court ruled draft evaders can not be penalized after 5 years

1973 – “Black September” terrorists occupy Saudi Embassy in Khartoum

1974 – 1st class postage raised to 10 cents from 8 cents

1976 – Walt Disney World logged its 50 millionth guest

1977 – Bette Davis is 1st woman to receive Life Achievement Award

 1977 – Future Tonight Show host Jay Leno debuts with host Johnny Carson

1981 – Aircraft hijacked by 3 Pakistani terrorists

1982 – 60th hat trick in Islander history-Bryan Trottier

1982 – Terror group “The Illuminated Path” frees 260 prisoners in Peru

1983 – Compact Disc recordings developed by Phillips & Sony introduced

1983 – Final episode of M*A*S*H; 125,000,000 viewers

1986 – 1st million-dollar purse for a handicap race won at Santa Anita

1986 – Mary Beth Zimmerman wins Uniden LPGA Golf Invitational

1986 – Protesters try to stop Land Rover motor company being sold to US

1989 – 12 European nations agree to ban chlorofluorocarbon production by 2000

1989 – Exxon Houston runs aground in Hawaii, spills 117,000 gallons of oil

1990 – Greyhound Bus goes on strike

1990 – Mark Tewsksbury swims world record 50m backstroke (25.06 sec)

1991 – Del Ballard Jr throws most famous gutter ball in PBA Tour history

1991 – UN votes in favor of US resolutions for cease fire with Iraq

 

 

 

1991 – Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings end to the 1991 Gulf War.

 

 

 

 

 

1992 – Anita Hall swims female world record 200m freestyle (2:25.35)

1994 – Miami begins a latin walk of fame, 1st star for Gloria Estefan

1994 – Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender if taped statement is broadcasted, it is, but he doesn’t

1995 – British trader Nick Leeson arrested for collapse of Barings Bank PLC

1995 – Ferry boat sinks off Sumbe Angola, 42+ killed

1995 – Space shuttle STS-67 (Endeavour 8), launches

1997 – Saudi Arab billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal aquires 5% of Apple

1998 – Data sent from the Galileo spacecraft indicates that Jupiter’s moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.

2000 – Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet heads home after being told the UK would not extradite him on torture charges

2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins, (ending on March 19 after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 Western troop fatalities).

2004 – Voters in the U.S. state of Georgia vote on a referendum concerning its Confederacy-derived flag.

2004 – War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.

2012 – Tornadoes kill at least 27 people in the American states of Indiana and Kentucky

2012 – The Red Cross is denied access to provide relief to the Baba Amr district in Homs by the Syrian army

 

 

Births

1316 – Robert II, the Steward, King of Scots (1371-90)

1409 – John II, French duke of Alencon/co-fighter of Jeanne d’arc

1459 – Adrian VI, [Adriaan F Boeyens], Netherlands, Pope (1522-23)

1481 – Franz von Sickingen, German knight

1578 – George Sandys, English colonist and poet (d. 1644)

1769 – DeWitt Clinton, (Gov/Sen-NY)

1779 – Joel Roberts Poinsett, American statesman and botanist (d. 1851)

 

 

 

1793 – Sam[uel] Houston1st president of Texas (1836-381841-44)

 

 

 

 

 

1810 – Leo XIII, [Vincenzo G Pecci], 256th pope (1878-1903)

1824 – Henry Beebee Carrington, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1912

1828 – Jefferson Columbus Davis, Bvt Mjr General (Union Army), died in 1879

1829 – Carl Schurz, Major General (Union volunteers)journalist

1836 – Henry Billings Brown, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1913)

1842 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)

1849 – Robert Means Thompson, U.S. Naval Officer (d. 1930)

1862 – Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)

1878 – Wander J de Haas, Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz

1878 – William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)

1886 – Willis O’Brien, American animator (d. 1962)

1900 – Kurt J Weill, Dessau Germany, composer/Brecht collaborator (Mahogany)

1902 – Edward Uhler Condon, atomic scientist (Manhattan Project)

 

 

 

1902 – Moe BergAmerican baseball player and spy (d. 1972)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1904 – Dr Seuss, [Theodor Geisel], children’s author (Horton Hears a Who!)

1908 – Jan Brasser, Dutch resistance fighter (Witte Ko)/communist

 

 

 

1908 – Fyodor Matveyevich OkhlopkovYakut-born Soviet sniper (d. 1968)

 

 

 

 

 

1908 – Walter Bruch, German engineer (d. 1990)

1909 – Mel Ott, American baseball player, 1st NLer to hit 500 home runs, hall of famer (NY Giants) (d. 1958)

1917 – Desi Arnaz, Santiago Cuba, actor (I Love Lucy)

1919 – Jennifer Jones, [Phyllis Isley], Oklahoma, actress (Farewell to Arms)

1923 – “Doc” Watson, bluegrass musician, (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1926 – Murray RothbardAmerican economist (d. 1995)

 

VIDEOS

1929 – Donald Gosling, English parkeerplaatsenmagnaat/multi-millionaire

1930 – John Cullum, Knoxville, actor (Hamlet, Hawaii, Northern Exposure)

1931 – Duane E Graveline, Newport Vt, astronaut

1931 – Mikhail Gorbachev, Privolnoye USSR, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91)

1931 – Tom Wolfe, Richmond Va, journalist/author (Right Stuff)

1938 – Alan Lewis, English textile factory/multi-millionaire

1942 – John Irving, NH, short-story writer (World According to Garp)

1942 – Lou Reed, New York City, American rock vocalist and guitarist (Velvet Underground)

1942 – Kwang Jo Choi, the founder of Choi Kwang- do and is one of the twelve original Masters of Taekwon-Do.

1943 – Gordon Black, English industrialist

1943 – Peter Straub, American author

 

 

 

1948 – Larry CarltonJazz Guitarist , Composer (Against All OddsWho’s the Boss)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1948 – Rory GallagherDonegalIrish blues guitarist and songwriter (See Here)

 

VIDEOS

1949 – Gates McFadden, actress (Beverly Crusher-Star Trek Next Generation)

1950 – Karen Carpenter, New Haven Ct, vocalist/drummer (We Only Just Begun)

1950 – Jeffrey Chodorow, American restaurateur and financier

1951 – Cassie Yates, Macon Ga, actress (Osterman Weekend, Dynasty)

1952 – Laraine Newman, LA California, comedienne/actress (Saturday Night Live)

1955 – Dale Bozzio, Boston, vocalist (Missing Persons-Destination Unknown)

1955 – Jay Osmond, Ogden Utah, singer (Osmond Brothers, Donnie & Marie)

1955 – Shoko Asahara, [Chizuo Matsumoto], Japanese sect leader

1956 – John Cowsill, Newport RI, rock drummer (Cowsills-We Can Fly)

1958 – Peter Arnold, American architect

1959 – Andrew Farriss, Australia, rock keyboardist (Inxs-Kiss the Dirt)

1962 – Al Del Greco, NFL kicker (Houston/Tennessee Oilers)

1962 – Jon Bon Jovi, Sayreville NJ, rocker (Bon Jovi-Give Love a Bad Name)

1963 – Suzette Charles, NJ, replaced Vanessa Williams as Miss America (1983)

1963 – Tuff Hedeman, American bull rider

1963 – Tanyu Kiryakov, Bulgarian pistol shooter

1965 – Lembit Öpik, British politician

1968 – Penny “Stamper” Davis, Carlisle England, Canadian 470 yachter (Oly-96)

1968 – Daniel Craig, English actor

1971 – Donna Perry, Glendale CA, playmate (Nov, 1994)

1971 – Dave Gorman, English documentary comedian

1976 – Glenn Rubenstein, American writer and journalist

1977 – Chris Martin, English musician (Coldplay)

1979 – Amanda Ireton, Cast member of MTV’s A Shot at Love with Tila Tequila

1981 – Bryce Dallas Howard, American actress

1982 – Henrik Lundqvist, Swedish ice hockey player

1984 – Elizabeth Jagger, English model and actress

 

 

Deaths

855 – Lothair, King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor (b. 795)

986 – Lotharius, King of France (954-86), dies at 44

1122 – Floris II, the fat one, count of Holland, dies

1127 – Charles, the Good, Count of Flanders, murdered

1316 – Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296)

1333 – Wladyslaw IV, the Short One/Great, duke/king of Poland, dies

1383 – Amadeus VI, count of Savoy, dies

1572 – Mem de Sá, Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil

1619 – Anne of Denmark, daughter of Danish king Frederik II, dies at 44

1729 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1662)

1797 – Horace [Horatio] Walpole, British horror writer, dies at 79

1829 – Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, conspirator and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence (b. 1768)

1840 – Heinrich Olbers, German astronomer (comets & asteroids), dies at 81

1862 – Frederick West Lander, US Union brig-general/poet, dies at 40

1880 – Sir John MacNeill, Irish civil engineer (b. 1790)

1895 – Ismail Pasha, kedive of Egypt (1863-79), dies at 64

1930 – David Herbert Lawrence (DH), poet/writer (Lady Chatterley’s Lover), dies at 44

1939 – Howard Carter, Brit archaeologist/Egyptologist (King Tut), dies at 65

1943 – Alexandre Yersin, Swiss bacteriologist (bacteria plague), dies at 79

 

 

 

1946 – George E. StewartAmerican Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1872)

 

 

 

 

STEWART, GEORGE E. Photo

 

 

 

 

1957 – Harry E Soref, inventor (padlock), dies at 70

1960 – Stanisław Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising (b. 1874)

1962 – Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1866)

1971 – Charles W Engelhard, US silver multi-millionaire, dies at 54

1973 – Cleo Noel, US ambassador to Sudan, assassinated

1974 – Salvador Puig Antich, Spanish anarchist (b. 1948)

1979 – Richard Sykes, British ambassador, assassinated in Holland

 

 

 

1982 – Philip K Dickauthor (Hugo-1963Dr Futurity), dies at 53

 

 

 

 

 

1985 – John B Kelly Jr, chairman US Olympic Committee, dies at 57

1985 – Michael Redgrave, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips), dies at 77 of Parkinson’s

1987 – Randolph Scott, actor (Fort Worth, Gung Ho, Jesse James), dies at 89

1991 – Clark Mollenhoff, US journalist (Pulitzer Prize), dies

1991 – James “Cool Papa” Bell, Negro baseball league great, dies at 87

1994 – Donald McKenzie MacKinnon, philosopher, dies at 80

2003 – Hank Ballard, American musician (b. 1927)

2004 – Marge Schott, American baseball team owner (b. 1928)

2009 – Chris Finnegan, British Olympic Boxing Gold Medallist (b. 1944)

2010 – Winston Spencer-Churchill, British politician (b. 1940)

 

 

 

2012 – Van BarfootAmerican army colonel and Medal of Honour recipientdies at 92

 

Air Force Medal of Honor

 

 

 

2012 – James Q WilsonAmerican criminologistdies at 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

752 BC – Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women.

86 BC – Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.

286 – Roman Emperor Diocletian raises Maximian to the rank of Caesar.

293 – Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy

317 – Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares

492 – St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

705 – John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope

743 – Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited

918 – Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht

 

 

 

1260 – Hulagu Khangrandson of Genghisconquerors Damascus

 

 

 

 

 

1382 – French Maillotin uprises against taxes

1420 – Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the hussieten

1457 – The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

1562 – Blood bath at Vassy: Gen de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder

1565 – Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

1587 – English parliament leader Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower

1628 – Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.

1633 – Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

1634 – Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians

1642 – Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city

1692 – Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrest for witchcraft (Salem, MA)

1780 – Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)

1781 – Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation

1790 – 1st US census authorized

1803 – Ohio becomes 17th state

1845 – President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

1847 – Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)

1854 – German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.

1864 – Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)

1864 – Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree

1866 – Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana

1867 – Howard University, Washington DC, chartered

1867 – Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)

1872 – Yellowstone becomes world’s 1st national park

1873 – E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.

1875 – Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883

1896 – Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia

1896 – Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.

1910 – 3 passenger trains buried at Steven’s Pass in Cascade Range. 118 die. Worst snow slide in US history

1912 – Capt Albert Berry performs 1st parachute jump from an airplane

1912 – Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC

1913 – 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

1913 – Federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)

1916 – Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic

1927 – Bank of Italy becomes a Natl Bank

1932 – Charles Lindbergh Jr (20 months), kidnapped in NJ; found dead May 12

1933 – Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks

1934 – Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

 

 

 

1936 – The Hoover Dam is completed.

 

 

 

 

 

1936 – A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen’s Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.

1937 – 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)

1937 – US Steel raises workers’ wages to $5 a day

1939 – Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.

1940 – Richard Wright’s novel “Native Son” is published

1941 – “Captain America” appears in a comic book

1941 – Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp

 

 

 

1942 – 3 day Battle of Java Sea endsUS suffers a major naval defeat

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Fieldmarshal Kesselring succeeds von Rundstedt as commander

1945 – US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach

1946 – British government takes control of Bank of England, after 252 years

1947 – International Monetary Fund begins operation

1949 – Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champ

1949 – The Browns, owners of Sportsman’s Park, move to evict the Cardinals

1950 – Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Formosa

1950 – Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London)

1953 – Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open

1953 – Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

1954 – 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US house of reps injuring 5 reps

1954 – Rebellion during visit of pres Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die

1954 – Ted Williams fractures collarbone in 1st game of spring training after flying 39 combat missions without injury in Korean War

1955 – Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48

1956 – The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.

1957 – Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor

1961 – President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corp

1962 – American Airlines 707 plunges nose 1st into Jamaica Bay NY killing 95

1962 – K-Mart opens

1963 – 200,000 French mine workers strike

1965 – Australia suspends champ swimmer Dawn Fraser for 10-yrs for misconduct

1965 – Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex (La Salle, Quebec)

1966 – Ba’ath-party takes power in Syria

1966 – Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)

1967 – House of Reps expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116)

1968 – NBC’s unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return

1968 – Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting

1968 – Singers Johnny Cash (36) & June Carter (38) wed

1969 – Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast

1970 – End of US commercial whale hunting

1970 – White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain

1971 – Bomb attack on the Capitol in Wash DC

1972 – Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points

1973 – Robert Joffrey Dance Company opens

1973 – Robyn Smith becomes 1st female jockey to win a major race

1975 – Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.

1977 – Bank of America adopts the name VISA for their credit cards

1978 – Charlie Chaplin’s coffin was stolen from a Swiss cemetery

1981 – Bobby Sands, IRA member, begins 65-day hunger strike (he dies)

1981 – Irish Rep Army Bobby Sand begins hunger strike in Maze Prison

1982 – NY Times raises it’s price from 25 cents to 30 cents

1982 – Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus, sends back data

 

 

 

1983 – Tamara McKinney becomes 1st US woman skier to win the World Cup

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – Tornado tears through LA, injuring 33 people

1984 – Landsat 5 & ham satellite Oscar 11 launched into polar orbit

1985 – Milwaukee businessman Herb Kohl purchases the Milwaukee Bucks

1985 – Pentagon accepts theory that atomic war would cause a nuclear winter

1989 – Ben Johnson’s coach testifies Johnson began using steroids in 1981

1989 – Comet du Toit at perihelion

1990 – Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

1991 – US Embassy in Kuwait officially reopens

1992 – Jenny Thompson swims 100m freestyle world record (1:01.40)

1993 – Authorities in Waco, Texas negotiate with Branch Davidians

1993 – George Steinbenner is reinstated as owner of NY Yankees

1994 – Senate rejects a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution

1996 – Lenny Wilkens, winningest coach in NBA, coaches his 1,000th victory

1996 – New toll-free 888 area code introduced

2000 – Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.

2002 – The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the euro (€).

2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.

2002 – The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).

2003 – Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.

2004 – Terry Nichols is convicted of state murder charges and being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.

2006 – English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.

2007 – Tornadoes swarm across the southern United States, killing at least 20; eight of the deaths were at a high school in Enterprise, Alabama.

2012 – Euro zone unemployment reaches historical high of 10.7%

 

 

 

Births

40 – Martial, Latin poet (d. 102)

772 – Po Tjiu-i, Chinese poet/governor of Hang-tsjow

1432 – Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal (d. 1455)

1445 – Sandro Botticelli, Florentine Renaissance painter (Birth of Venus), probable date of birth

1494 – Il Bacchiacca, [Franceso Ubertini], Italian painter

1597 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652)

1610 – Johann B Schup, [Schuppius], German poet/historian

1610 – John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)

1732 – William Cushing, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States. (d. 1810)

1760 – François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)

1807 – Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)

1810 – Frederic Chopin, Poland, composer/pianist (Concert in F Minor) [NS]

1811 – Robert Christie Buchanan, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1878

1812 – Augustus Pugin, English-born architect (d. 1852)

1820 – George Davis, Atty Gen (Confederacy), died in 1896

1822 – Albin Francisco Schoepf, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886

1822 – Charles Champion Gilbert, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1828 – James Fleming Fagan, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1893

1831 – Hiram Bronson Granbury, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1841 – Blanche Kelso Bruce, Virginia, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881)

 

 

 

1848 – Augustus Saint-GaudensUSsculptor/designer (1907 $20 gold piece)

 

 

 

 

 

1860 – Suzanna Salter, 1st US female mayor/temperance leader

1880 – Lytton Strachey, biographer/critic (Benson Medal 1923)

1885 – Lionel Atwill, English/US actor (Mystery of the Wax Museum)

1893 – Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)

 

 

 

1903 – Leon Bismarck “Bix” BeiderbeckeIowajazz cornetist (In a Mist)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1904 – Glenn Miller, bandleader (Glenn Miller Orchestra-In the Mood)

1910 – David Niven, London UK, actor (Casino Royale, The Pink Panther)

1910 – Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)

1914 – Ralph  Ellison, US writer (Invisible Man, Shadow & Cast)

1917 – Dinah Shore, Winchester Tenn, singer (See the USA in a Chevrolet)

1917 – Robert Lowell, poet/pacifist (Lord Weary’s Castle, Near the Ocean)

1920 – Howard Nemerov, US, 3rd US poet laureate/novelist (Blue Swallows)

1921 – Terrence “Cardinal” Cooke, (NY)

1922 – William M Gaines, publisher (MAD Magazine)

1922 – Yitzak Rabin, premier (Israel, 1992-95, Nobel 1994)

1924 – Donald “Deke” Kent Slayton, Sparta Wisc, Major USAF/astro (Apollo 18)

1926 – Cesare Danova, Rome Italy, actor (Garrison’s Gorillas)

1926 – Pete Rozelle, NFL commissioner (1960-89)

1926 – Robert Clary, Paris France, actor (LeBeau-Hogan’s Heroes)

1927 – Harry Belafonte, Harlem NYC, calypso singer (Buck & the Preacher)

 

 

 

1927 – Robert Heron Borkjudgenominated for supreme court, (d. 2012)

 

 

 

 

 

1928 – Seymour Papert, South African mathematician

1929 – Sonny James, singer (Young Love, Running Bear)

1930 – Raymond St Jacques, actor/director (Cotton Comes to Harlem, Mr Moses)

1933 – Joan Hackett, NY, actress (Will Penny, One Stone Pony)

1935 – Judith Rossner, author (Looking for Mr Goodbar)

1935 – Robert Conrad, [Conrad R Falk], Chicago, actor (Wild Wild West)

1938 – Michael J[oseph] Kurland, US, sci-fi author (Infernal Device)

1940 – David Broome, Show Jumper (world champ-1970)

1941 – Michael L Lampton, Williamsport Pa, astronaut

1942 – Jerry Fischer, rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

1942 – Peter Guber, producer (Flashdance)

1942 – Richard Bowman Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

1943 – Mauro Checcoli, Italy, 3 day equestrian (Olympic-gold-1964)

1943 – Wolfgang Scheidel, German DR, luge (Olympic-gold-1972)

1943 – Gil Amelio, American venture capitalist

1943 – Richard H. Price, American physicist

1943 – Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist

1944 – Dirk Benedict, Helena Mont, actor (A-Team, Battlestar Galactica)

1944 – Mike D’Abo, rock vocalist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)

1944 – Roger Daltrey, English rocker/actor/producer (The Who-Tommy)

1946 – Lana Wood, [Svetlana Gurdin], Santa Rosa California, (Diamonds are Forever)

1946 – Tony Ashton, Blackburn England, rocker (Ashton, Gardner & Dyke)

1947 – Alan Thicke, Ontario, actor/host (Thicke of the Night, Growing Pains)

1948 – Burning Spear, [Winston Rodney], Jamaican reggae singer

1949 – Sido Martens, Dutch guitarist/singer/mandolin player (Fungus)

1953 – Ron Howard, Oklahoma, actor/director (American Graffiti, Happy Days)

1954 – Catherine Bach, Warren Oh, actress (Daisey Duke-Dukes of Hazzard)

1955 – Jimmy Fortune, Newport News Va, singer (Statler Bros-Class of ’57)

1956 – Mark Todd, UK, NZ equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-96)

1958 – Bertrand Piccard, Swiss balloonist and psychiatrist

1961 – Mike Rozier, NFL halfback (Heisman Trophy-1983, Houston, Atlanta)

1962 – Bill Leen, rocker (Gin Blossoms)

1963 – Robert James Affuso, Newburgh NY, rock drummer (Skid Row-Psycho Love)

1964 – Jennifer McCarters, Sevierville Tn, singer (McCarters-The Gift)

1969 – Javier Bardem, Spanish actor

1969 – Dafydd Ieuan, Welsh drummer (Super Furry Animals)

1971 – Allen Johnson, Wash DC, long jumper/110m hurdler (Olympics-gold-96)

1971 – Tyler Hamilton, Marblehead Mass, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1977 – Rod White, Sharon Pa, archer (Olympics-gold-1996)

 

 

 

1977 – Esther CañadasSpanish actress and supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Ana HickmannBrazilian supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Will Power, Australian racing driver

1984 – Naima Mora, American model

1994 – Justin Bieber, London Ontario, Canadian pop singer (Baby, One Time)

 

 

 

Deaths

589 – Saint David, Patron Saint of Wales (b. 500)

965 – Leo VIII, Italian (anti-)Pope (963-65), dies

986 – King Lothair of France (b. 941)

1131 – Stephen II, King of Hungary (1116-31), dies

1244 – Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)

1383 – Amadeus VI, (Green Earl), earl of Savoy, dies at 49

1510 – Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier, explorer and 1st Viceroy of India dies at Table Bay, Africa at about 59

1546 – George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)

1697 – Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)

1706 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)

1768 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)

1773 – Luigi Vanvitelli, [Louis van Wittel], Italian architect, dies at 72

1792 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1747)

1826 – J J Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect/archaeologist, dies at 59

1862 – Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)

1865 – Anna Paulowna Romanova, great monarch of Russia, dies at 70

1884 – Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)

1892 – Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist, dies at 60

1896 – Albertone, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle

1896 – Arimondi, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle

1896 – Vittorio Dabormida, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle

1898 – George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India, author (b. 1825)

1911 – Jacobus H van ‘t Hoff, Dutch chemist/physicist (Nobel 1901), dies at 58

1920 – Joseph Trumpeldor, killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack

1932 – Frank Teschemacher, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1906)

1942 – George S. Rentz, Navy Chaplain (b. 1882)

1944 – … Formans, director Milos Formans mother, dies in Auschwitz

1947 – J Boogaard, nazi collaborator, executed

1963 – Jorge Daponte, Argentine racing driver (b. 1923)

1966 – Fritz Houtermans, German physicist (b. 1903)

1974 – Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (b. 1935)

1979 – Molla Mustafa Barzani, Iranian Kurd leader (KDP), dies at 75

 

 

 

1980 – Wilhelminahigh-fashion model and owner of model agency (b. 1940)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – Jackie Coogan, actor (Uncle Fester-Addams Family), dies at 69

1985 – Eugene List, US concert pianist, dies at 66

1988 – Joe Besser, comedian (3’s Stooges, Abbott & Costello), dies at 80

1991 – Edwin H Land, inventor (Polaroid Camera), dies at 81

1993 – Luis Kutner, US co-founder (Amnesty International), dies at 84

1995 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian TV-journalist, murdered at 38

2005 – Peter Malkin Israeli secret agent (b. 1927)

2006 – Harry Browne, American politician and author (b. 1933)

 

 

 

2012 – Andrew BreitbartAmerican conservative blogger and publisher, dies at 43

 

Andrew Breitbart was my friend

The Legacy of Andrew Breitbart: A Warrior and a Friend

Today Marks The 21st Anniversary Of The Waco Siege

Never Forget – Our Government Did This

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

202 BC – Coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty’s rule over China

364 – Valentinian I becomes Roman Emperor.

870 – 8th Ecumenical council ends in Constantinople

1066 – Westminster Abbey opens

1570 – Anti-Portugese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas

1646 – Roger Scott was tried in Mass for sleeping in church

1653 – -Mar 3] 3 Day Sea battle English beats Dutch

1692 – Salem witch hunt begins

1704 – Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 40, kidnap 100

 

 

 

1708 – Slave revoltNewtonLong Island NY11 die

 

 

 

 

 

1710 – In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock.

1749 – 1st edition of Henry Fieldings’ “Tom Jones” published

1784 – John Wesley charters Methodist Church

1794 – US Senate voids Pennsylvania’s election of Abraham Gallatin

1810 – 1st US fire insurance joint-stock company organized, Philadelphia

1826 – M Biela, an Austrian officer, discovers Biela’s Comet

1827 – 1st commercial railroad in US, Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) chartered

1838 – Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Québec)

 

 

 

1844 – 12-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes

 

 

 

 

 

1847 – US defeats Mexico in battle of Sacramento

1849 – 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast

1850 – The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.

1854 – Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc

1859 – Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery

1861 – Territories of Nevada & Colorado created

1863 – Confederate raider “Nashville” sinks near Fort McAllister Georgia

1864 – -Mar 3rd] Skirmish at Albemarle County Virginia (Burton’s Ford)

1864 – -Mar 4th) Raid at Kilpatrick’s Richmond

1871 – 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections

1882 – 1st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard U

1883 – 1st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)

1891 – Oscar Grundén skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)

1893 – Edward Acheson, Penn, patents an abrasive he names “carborundum”

1900 – General Buller’s troops relieve Ladysmith Natal

1903 – Barney Dreyfuss & James Potter buys Philadelphia Phillies for $170,000

1908 – Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Teheran

1914 – Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the Exposition (SF)

1917 – AP reports Mexico & Japan will allie with Germany if US enters WW I

1924 – US begins intervention in Honduras

1935 – Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon polymer

1939 – The erroneous word “Dord” is discovered in the Webster’s New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.

1940 – 1st televised basketball game (U of Pitts beats Fordham U, 50-37)

1940 – Richard Wright’s “Native Son” published

1940 – US population at 131,669,275 (12,865,518 blacks (9.8%))

1941 – 39 U Boats (197,000 ton) sunk this month

1941 – British-Italian dogfight above Albania

1942 – 1st weapon drop on Netherlands

1942 – Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies

1942 – Race riot, Sojourner Truth Homes, Detroit

1947 – 228 Incident: In Taiwan, civil disorder is put down with the loss of 30,000 civilian lives.

1956 – Forrester issued a patent for computer core memory

1957 – Jockey Johnny Longden’s 5,000th career victory

1959 – Ice Dance Championship at Colo Springs USA won by Denny & Jones of GRB

1959 – Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul of CAN

1959 – Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Colo Spr won by Carol Heiss USA

1960 – US wins Olympic hockey gold medal by defeating Canada

1961 – JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor

1966 – Cavern Club (Beatles hangout) in Liverpool closes

1969 – Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Spr won by Towler & Ford of GBR

1969 – Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Spr won by Rodnina & Ulanov of URS

1969 – Ladies Figure Skating Champion in Colo Spr won by Gabriele Seyfert GDR

1969 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Colo Springs won by Tim Wood USA

1970 – Bicycles permitted to cross Golden Gate Bridge

1970 – Caroline Walker runs world female record marathon (3:02:53)

1971 – 53rd PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 281 at PGA Natl FL Jack Nicklaus wins his 2nd golf grand slam

1972 – Pres Richard Nixon ends historic week-long visit to China

1975 – 41 killed in London Underground, as train speeds past final stop

1975 – A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.

1977 – 1st killer whale born in captivity (Marineland, LA California)

1977 – Harbor strike in Rotterdam/Amsterdam ends

1979 – Ernest Thompson’s “On Golden Pond,” premieres in NYC

1981 – Calvin Murphy (Hou), sets NBA record with 78 consecutive free throws

1982 – AT & T looses record $7 BILLION for fiscal year ending on this day

1982 – FALN (PR Nationalist Group) bombs Wall Street

 1983 – TV episode of “M*A*S*H” airs (CBS); record 125 million watch

1988 – 15th Winter Olympic games close at Calgary, Canada

1988 – Yvonne van Gennip skates world record 5 km ladies (7:14.13)

 

 

 

1993 – 100 agents raid Branch Davidian compound at Waco Texas

 

Waco Siege Films

 

WACO: A New Revelation (Full Version)

 

 

” Film released in 1999 – April 19, 1993 – The massacre of the Branch Davidians in Waco, TX by the U.S. government.  Remember Waco?  This video shows hard evidence that the media wouldn’t and still won’t show the American public.

Waco: A New Revelation is the film that triggered a new Congressional investigation of the Waco tragedy, and caused the Justice Department and the FBI to reverse their long-held positions on Waco. It has generated a firestorm of events unprecedented in the history of documentary filmmaking. After six years of painstaking investigation, the complete story of the tragedy in Texas is finally coming to light. This compelling feature-length documentary presents new revelations about the events that led up to the deaths of 79 men, women and children at Mount Carmel on April 19, 1993. In the spring of 1998, under the Freedom of Information Act, investigators from MGA Studio’s film division became the first private citizens to gain access to the Waco investigation evidence lockers. What they found was shocking. Upon examination, the evidence gathered under the supervision of federal officials appeared to contradict the FBI’s congressional testimony, raising serious and disturbing questions about events surrounding the siege at Mt. Carmel and the deaths of the Davidians. Gene Cullen Since 1993, former members of the FBI, former Special Forces and CIA operatives have come forward with new evidence to suggest that the FBI’s claim is inaccurate.”

Waco Rules of Engagement

 

 

 ” A truly sobering testament to the tyrannical force of the US government. This documentary tells the story of the Waco siege. This documentary, from the ATF’s own footage, bears witness to the murder by the US government of citizens who choose to exercise their constitutional rights.

Truly a must see! Are we truly free when we fear our government?”

BRANCH DAVIDIAN VICTIMS

Died February 28, 1993 

Winston Blake, 28, black, British 
Peter Gent, 24, white, Australian 
Peter Hipsman, 28, white, American 
Perry Jones, 64, white, American 
Michael Schroeder, 29, white, American 
Jaydean Wendell, 34, Hawaiian, American

Died April 19, 1993

Katherine Andrade, 24, white, American 
Chanel Andrade, 1, white, American 
Jennifer Andrade, 19, white, American 
George Bennett, 35, black, British 
Susan Benta, 31, black, British 
Mary Jean Borst, 49, white, American 
Pablo Cohen, 38, white, Israeli 
Abedowalo Davies, 30, black, British 
Shari Doyle, 18, white, American 
Beverly Elliot, 30, black, British 
Yvette Fagan, 32, black, British 
Doris Fagan, 51, black, British 
Lisa Marie Farris, 24, white, American 
Raymond Friesen, 76, white, Canadian 
Sandra Hardial, 27, black, British 
Zilla Henry, 55, black, British 
Vanessa Henry, 19, black, British 
Phillip Henry, 22, black, British 
Paulina Henry, 24, black, British 
Stephen Henry, 26, black, British 
Diana Henry, 28, black, British 
Novellette Hipsman, 36, black, Canadian 
Floyd Houtman, 61, black, American 
Sherri Jewell, 43, Asian, American 
David M. Jones, 38, white, American 
David Koresh, 33, white, American 
Rachel Koresh, 24, white, American 
Cyrus Koresh, 8, white, American 
Star Koresh, 6, white, American 
Bobbie Lane Koresh, 2, white, American 
Jeffery Little, 32, white, American 
Nicole Gent Little, 24, white, Australian 
  and unborn child 
Dayland Gent, 3, white, American 
Page Gent, 1, white, American 
Livingston Malcolm, 26, black, British 
Diane Martin, 41, black, British 
Wayne Martin, Sr., 42, black, American 
Lisa Martin, 13, black, American 
Sheila Martin, Jr., 15, black, American 
Anita Martin, 18, black, American 
Wayne Martin, Jr., 20, black, American 
Julliete Martinez, 30, Mexican American 
Crystal Martinez, 3, Mexican American 
Isaiah Martinez, 4, Mexican American 
Joseph Martinez, 8, Mexican American 
Abigail Martinez, 11, Mexican American 
Audrey Martinez, 13, Mexican American 
John-Mark McBean, 27, black, British 
Bernadette Monbelly, 31, black, British 
Rosemary Morrison, 29, black, British 
Melissa Morrison, 6, black, British 
Sonia Murray, 29, black, American 
Theresa Nobrega, 48, black, British 
James Riddle, 32, white, American 
Rebecca Saipaia, 24, Asian, Phillipino 
Steve Schneider, 43, white, American 
Judy Schneider, 41, white, American 
Mayanah Schneider, 2, white, American 
Clifford Sellors, 33, white, British 
Scott Kojiro Sonobe, 35, Asian, American 
Floracita Sonobe, 34, Asian, Phillipino 
Gregory Summers, 28, white, American 
Aisha Gyrfas Summers, 17, white, Australian 
   and unborn child 
Startle Summers, 1, white, American 
Lorraine Sylvia, 40, white, American 
Rachel Sylvia, 12, white, American 
Hollywood Sylvia, 1, white, American 
Michelle Jones Thibodeau, 18, white, American 
Serenity Jones, 4, white, American 
Chica Jones, 2, white, American 
Little One Jones, 2, white, American 
Neal Vaega, 38, Somoan, New Zealander 
Margarida Vaega, 47, Asian, New Zealander 
Mark H. Wendell, 40, Asian, American

 

 

 

 

1994 – Brady Law, imposing a wait-period to buy a hand-gun, went into effect

1995 – Denver International Airport opens

1997 – FBI agent Earl Pitts pleads guilty to selling secrets to Russia

1997 – Smokers must prove they are over 18 to purchase cigarettes in US

 

 

 

1997 – The North Hollywood shootout takes place.

 

1997 North Hollywood Shootout pt.1

1997 North Hollywood Shootout pt.2

1997 North Hollywood Shootout pt.3

Hollywood Shootout – The last 9 minutes live

 

 

 

 

1998 – First flight of RQ-4 Global Hawk, the first unmanned aerial vehicle certified to file its own flight plans and fly regularly in U.S. civilian airspace.

1998 – Kosovo War: Serbian police begin the offensive against the Kosovo Liberation Army in Kosovo.

2004 – Over 1 million Taiwanese participating in the 228 Hand-in-Hand Rally form a 500-kilometre (300-mile) long human chain to commemorate the 228 Incident in 1947

2005 – A suicide bombing at a police recruiting centre in Al Hillah, Iraq kills 127.

2007 – Jupiter flyby of the New Horizons Pluto-observer spacecraft.

2012 – Discovery of the largest prehistoric penguin, Kairuku grebneffi, at nearly 5ft tall

 

 

 

Births

1155 – Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (d. 1183)

1261 – Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)

1409 – Elisabeth II of Bohemia (d. 1442)

1533 – Michel de Montaigne, France, essayist/philosopher

1552 – Jost/Jobst Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (d. 1632)

1573 – Elias Hill, German architect/city builder (Augsburg)

1663 – Thomas Newcomen, English co-inventor (steam engine)

1675 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)

1683 – René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (d. 1757)

1704 – Louis Godin, French astronomer (d. 1760)

1712 – Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (d. 1759)

1764 – Robert Haldane, Scottish theologist/philanthropist

1786 – D Francois J Arago, French astronomer/physicist/politician

1792 – Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian/German embryologist

1817 – James Craig, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1888

1822 – Matthew Duncan Ector, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879

1824 – Charles Blondin, France, acrobat/aerialist

1824 – John Creed Moore, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1910

1825 – Quincy Adams Gillmore, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1888

1833 – Alfred von Schlieffen, Count/Prussian general-fieldmarshal

1838 – Maurice Lévy, French engineer (d. 1910)

1840 – Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (d. 1892)

1858 – Jacob P Vis, Dutch industrialist (founder NV Royal Salt Industries)

1866 – Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [OS=2/16]

1878 – Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)

1890 – Vaslav Nijinsky, Kiev Ukraine, ballet dancer (3/12 NS)

1899 – Frederick Denison Maurice Hocking, pathologist

1901 – Linus Pauling, Portland, Oregon, American chemist/peace activist (Nobel 1954, 1962)

1906 – Bugsy Siegel, gangster created casinos in Las Vegas

1908 – Billie Bird, American actress (d. 2002)

1909 – Olan Soule, La Harpe Ill, actor (My 3 Sons, Arnie)

1910 – Vincente Minnelli, Chicago IL, director (American in Paris, Gigi)

1915 – Peter Medawar, England, zoologist, immunologist (Nobel 1953)

1915 – Zero “Samuel” Mostel, Brooklyn, actor (Fiddler on the Roof)

1917 – Hans Deutgen, Sweden, world champion archer

1921 – Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (d. 2006)

 

 

 

1923 – Charles DurningHighland Falls NYactor (Fury, Sting, Tootsie), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

 

 

1925 – Harry H Corbett, Rangoon Burma, actor (Steptoe & Son, Jabberwacky)

1927 – John Swire, British aircraft magnate (Cathay Pacific)

1929 – Frank O Gehry, architect (Galleria-Oklahoma City)

1930 – Leon Cooper, US physicist (Nobel 1972)

1931 – Gavin MacLeod, Mt Kisco NY, actor (Murray-Mary Tyler Moore, Love Boat)

1931 – Gustav Thoni, Italy, skiier (World Cup-1971, 72, 73, 75)

1934 – Willie Bobo, NYC, jazz drummer (Cos)

1939 – John Fahey, singer (Transfiguration of Blind Joe Death)

1939 – Tommy Tune, Wichita Falls Tx, dancer/choreographer (Boyfriend)

1940 – Joe South, Atlanta, Georgia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Games People Play), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1940 – Mario AndrettiItalian American race-car driver (1969 Indianapolis 5001978 Formula One World Champion)

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Frank Bonner, Little Rock AR, actor (WKRP, Hoax, You Can’t Hurry Love)

1942 – Brian Jones, [Lewis Brian Hopkins Jones], English rock guitarist (Rolling Stones)

1943 – Donny Iris, singer

1945 – Charles “Bubba” Smith, Tx, NFLer (Balt Colts)/actor (Police Academy)

1945 – Ronnie Rosman, rocker (Tommy James Shondells-Crystal Blue Persuasion)

1946 – Robin Cook, British politician (d. 2005)

1948 – Bernadette Peters, [Lazzara], Queens NY, actress (Jerk)

1948 – Mercedes Ruehl, Queens NY, actress (Lost in Yonkers, Crazy People)

1948 – Mike Figgis, English director

1951 – Gustavo Thoeni, Italy, giant slalom (Olympic-gold-1972)

1953 – Ricky “Dragon” Steamboat, [Richard Blood], wrestler (NWA/WWF/WCW/AWA)

1953 – Ingo Hoffmann, Brazilian racing driver

1953 – Paul Krugman, American economist and New York Times columnist (Nobel Prize in Economics 2008)

1955 – Gilbert Gottfried, comedian (Beverly Hills Cop)

1955 – Randy Jackson, New Orleans, guitarist (Zebra-Tell Me What You Want)

1957 – Cindy Wilson, Athens Georgia, rock vocalist (B-52’s-Love Shack)

1957 – Ian Stanley, keyboardist

1957 – John Turturro, Bkln, actor (Brain Donor, Color of Money, Jungle Fever)

1957 – Ainsley Harriott, British celebrity chef

1958 – Christine Lathan-Brehmer, German DR, 400m runner (Oly-gold-76)

1960 – Dorothy Stratten, Vancouver BC, playmate (August, 1979) (Galixina)

1961 – Eric Bachelart, Belgian racing driver

1962 – Angela Bailey, England, Canadian 4X100m relayer (Olympic-silver-1984)

1962 – Rae Dawn Chong, Edmonton Alberta, actress (Quest for Fire)

1963 – Claudio Chiappucci, Italian cyclist

1964 – Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, Uzbekistan cyclist

1969 – Butch Leitzinger, American race car driver

1970 – Noureddine Morceli, Algeria, 1500m runner (Olympics-gold-96)

1970 – Daniel Handler, American writer, better known as Lemony Snicket

1972 – Rory Cochrane, American actor

1973 – Eric Lindros, London Ontario, NHL center (Phila Flyers)

1973 – Nicolas Minassian, French racing driver

1976 – Ali Larter, American actress and model

1977 – Jason Aldean, American country singer

1978 – Benjamin Raich, Austrian Olympic skier

1979 – Sébastien Bourdais, French racing driver

1979 – Primož Peterka, Slovenian ski jumper

1979 – Michael Bisping, English mixed martial artist

 

 

 

1982 – Natalia VodianovaRussian supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – Karolína KurkováCzech supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

1985 – Fefe Dobson, Canadian singer

1985 – Jelena Janković, Serbian tennis player

1991 – Sarah Bolger, Irish actress

 

 

Deaths

642 – Oswald, English missionary/saint, dies in battle

1261 – Hendrik, duke of Brabant (1248-61), dies

1326 – Duke Leopold I of Austria (b. 1290)

1485 – Niclas, Graf von Abensberg, German soldier (b. 1441)

1510 – Juan de la Cosa, Spanish cartographer and explorer

1525 – Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler

1572 – Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (b. 1505)

1621 – Cosimo II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1590)

1638 – Claude G Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician/poet, dies at 56

1638 – Henri duc de Rohan, French soldier/Huguenot leader, dies

1742 – Willem J ‘s-Gravesande, Dutch physicist, dies at 53

 

 

 

1781 – Richard StocktonUS attorney (signed Decl of Ind), dies at 50

 

 

 

 

 

1786 – John Gwynn, English architect and engineer (b. 1713)

1788 – Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman (b. 1725)

1844 – Abel P Upshur, Secretary of State, dies in explosion on USS Princeton

1844 – Thommas W Gilmer, Navy Secretary, dies in explosion on USS Princeton

1857 – André Dumont, Belgian geologist (b. 1809)

1905 – Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist, dies at 85

1916 – Henry James, US/British writer (Bostonians), dies in London at 72

1932 – Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (b. 1851)

1936 – Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1866)

1940 – Johan C Braakensiek, Dutch political cartoonist, dies at 81

1953 – Jim Thorpe, versatile American athlete (Olympics-gold-1912), dies at 64

1962 – Harold Ogden “Chic” Johnson, comedian (Olsen & Johnson), dies at 70

1966 – Charles A Bassett II, astronaut, dies at 34, in a crash of T-38 jet

1966 – Elliot McKay See Jr, astronaut, dies at 38 in T-38 jet crash

1967 – Henry Luce, American publisher (b. 1898)

1977 – Eddie “Rochester” Anderson, comedian (Jack Benny Show), dies at 71

1978 – Eric Frank Russell, sci-fi author (Hugo, Deep Space), dies at 73

1978 – Philip Ahn, LA California, actor (Master Kan-Kung Fu)

1979 – Mr Ed, talking horse, dies

1985 – David Byron, English singer (Uriah Heep) (b. 1947)

1986 – Sven Olof Palme, Swedish PM (1969-76, 82-86), assassinated at 59

1986 – Laura Z. Hobson, American novelist (b. 1900)

1992 – Angelique Pettyjohn, actress (Body Talk, Star Trek), dies at 49

1992 – La Lupe, Cuban singer, dies of a heart attack in the Bronx at 53

1993 – Ishiro Honda, Japanese director/producer (Godzilla), dies at 81

1993 – Ruby Keeler, Canadian actress, singer, and dancer (42nd Street, Dames), dies of cancer at 82

1994 – Buster Holmes, chef/restaurateur, dies at 88

1995 – Herman “Ace” Wallace, blues guitarist/singer, dies at 69

2003 – Roger Michael Needham, British cryptographer (b. 1935)

2003 – Rudolf Kingslake, Lens designer, and Engineer (b. 1903)

2004 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (b. 1914)

2006 – Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1920)

2007 – Baron Charles Forte, Italian-born hotelier (b. 1908)

2007 – Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian and political commentator (b.1917)

2008 – Mike Smith, English musician (The Dave Clark Five) (b. 1943)

 

 

 

2009 – Paul HarveyAmerican radio broadcaster (b. 1918)

 

Paul Harvey Archives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

837 – 15th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1526 – Saxony & Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)

1557 – 1st Russian Embassy arrives in London

1626 – Yuan Chonghuan is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci.

1665 – Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast: Vice-adm De Ruyter beats English

1670 – Jews expelled from Austria by order of Leopold I

1678 – Earl of Shaftesbury freed out of London Tower

1700 – Pacific Island of New Britain discovered

1713 – French troops bomb Willemstad Curacao

1801 – Washington DC placed under Congressional jurisdiction

 

 

 

1803 – Great fire in BombayIndia

 

 

 

 

 

1813 – 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted

 

 

 

1827 – 1st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans

 

 

 

 

 

1860 – Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency.

1861 – Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw

1861 – US Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing

1864 – 6th & last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)

1864 – Near Andersonville GA, rebels open a new POW camp “Camp Sumpter”

1865 – Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri

1869 – John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress

1872 – Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer, graduated Howard University

1877 – US Electoral College declares R Hayes winner presidential election

1879 – Constantine Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener)

1881 – Battle at Amajuba, S Afr: Boers vs Brit army under Gen Colley

1883 – Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine

1900 – Battle at Pietershoogte

1900 – Boer General Cronjé surrenders to English in Pardenberg, South-Africa

1908 – Star #46 was added to US flag for Oklahoma

1922 – Supreme Court unanimously upheld 19th amend woman’s right to vote

1925 – Hitler’s resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich

1932 – Explosion in coal mine Boissevain, Virginia, USA (38 dead)

 

 

 

1933 – German parliament buildingReichstagdestroyed by fire

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – Nazis set fire to German parliament, blame it on Communists

1936 – Willy den Ouden swims world record 100 m free style (1:04.6)

1939 – English Spook house Borley Rectory destroyed in a fire

1939 – Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes

1940 – Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14

1942 – 1st transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany

1942 – Battle of Java Sea began 13 US warships sunk-2 Japanese

1942 – J S Hey discovers radio emissions from Sun

 

 

 

1943 – The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montanaexplodeskilling 74 men.

 

 

 

 

 

1943 – The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin

1945 – Battle of US 94 Infantry

1947 – Paul-Emile Victor French polar expeditions organized

1949 – Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st Israeli president

1950 – General Chiang Kai-shek elected president of Nationalist China

1951 – 22nd amendment ratified, limiting president to 2 terms

1956 – Elvis Presley’s releases “Heartbreak Hotel”

1956 – Female suffrage in Egypt

1959 – Boston Celtic Bob Cousy sets NBA record with 28 assists Boston Celtics score 173 points against Minneapolis Lakers

1960 – US Olympic Ice Hockey Team beats USSR 3-2 en route to gold medal

1962 – South-Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem’s palace bombed, 1st US killed

1964 – The government of Italy asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.

1966 – Ice Dance Championship at Davos won by Diane Towler/Bernard Ford GRB

1966 – Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Belousova & Protopopov of URS

1966 – Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Peggy Fleming of US

1966 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Emmerich Danzer AUT

1969 – President Nixon visits West-Berlin

1970 – NY Times (falsely) reports US army has ended domestic surveillance

 

 

 

1973 – American Indian Movement occupy Wounded Knee in South Dakota

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – “People” magazine begins sales

1975 – CDU-politician Peter Lorentz kidnapped in West Berlin

1975 – House of Reps pass $21.3 billion anti-recession tax-cut bill

1976 – Final meeting between Mao tse Tung & Richard Nixon

1980 – Robert Mugabe’s ZANU-PF wins elections in Zimbabwe

1981 – Greatest passenger load on a commercial airliner-610 on Boeing 747

1982 – Earl Anthony becomes 1st pro bowler to win more than $1 million

1982 – Wayne Williams found guilty of murdering 2 of 28 blacks in Atlanta

1983 – Eamonn Coghlan set indoor mile record of 3:49.78

1984 – Carl Lewis jumps world record indoor (8,675 m)

1986 – The United States Senate allows its debates to be televised on a trial basis.

1987 – Donald Regan resigned as White House chief of staff

1987 – Mike Conley triple jumps world indoor record (17.76m)

1988 – Bonnie Blair (US) wins Olympic 500m speed skating in record 39.1

1988 – Gulfstream G-IV goes around the world 36:08:34

1988 – Katarina Witt (GDR) wins 2nd consecutive Olympic figure skating

1990 – Exxon Corp & Exxon Shipping are indicted on 5 criminal counts (Valdez)

1991 – Gulf War ends after Iraqi troops retreated & Kuwait is re-taken by the US

1991 – Singer James Brown is released from prison

1992 – Tiger Woods, 16, becomes youngest PGA golfer in 35 years

1994 – 17th Winter Olympic games closes in Lillehammer, Norway

1997 – Singer Sade (Helen Folasade), arrest in Jamaica for disobeying a cop

1998 – Apple discontinues developing Newton computer

1998 – FBI arrests 10 most wanted suspected serial killer Tony Ray Amati

1998 – Britain’s House of Lords agree’s to end 1,000 years of male preference by giving a monarch’s first-born daughter the same claim to the throne as any first born son

2002 – Godhra train burning, a Muslim mob kills 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya

2003 – Fred Rogers, host of TV’s “Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood” dies at age 74

2003 – Rowan Williams is enthroned as the 104th Archbishop of Canterbury in the Anglican church.

2004 – A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines worst terrorist attack kills 116.

2012 – Wikileaks begins disclosing 5 million emails from private intelligence company Stratfor

 

 

 

 

Births

272 – Constantine I, Roman emperor (306-337), adopted Christianity (d. 337)

1539 – Franciscus Raphelengius, Dutch book publisher

1622 – Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, Dutch painter

1691 – Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)

1779 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (d. 1842)

1792 – Don Joaquin B F Espartero, Spanish adventurer/fieldmarshal

 

 

 

1807 – Henry Wadsworth LongfellowPortland Mainepoet (Hiawatha)

 

 

 

 

 

1811 – [Catherine] Mildred Lee, daughter of US general Robert E Lee

1823 – Ferdinand Van Derveer, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1823 – William Buel Franklin, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903

1827 – Richard W Johnson, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897

1831 – Hiram Bond Everest, American cofounder of The Vacuum Oil Company (d. 1913)

1832 – Alfred Pollard Edward, Civil War journalist, died in 1872

1841 – [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E Lee

 

 

 

1850 – Henry Edwards HuntingtonUSrailroad exec

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (d. 1937)

1867 – Irving Fisher, US economist (compensating dollar)

1877 – Walter Briggs, Sr., American entrepreneur and sports team owner (d. 1952)

1881 – Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician

1886 – Hugo L Black, Ala, (Sen-D-Ala)/78th Supreme Court justice (1937-71)

1890 – Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (d. 1933)

1891 – David Sarnoff, US, radio/TV pioneer/CEO (RCA)

1891 – Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (d. 2004)

1892 – William Demarest, St Paul Minn, actor (Uncle Charlie-My 3 Sons)

1893 – Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)

1897 – Bernard F Lyot, French astronomer (Lyot filter)

1899 – Charles H Best, Maine, physiologist/co-discoverer (Insulin)

1902 – Ethelda Bleibtrey, 100m/300m US swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-1920)

1902 – Gene Sarazen, Harrison NY, PGA golfer (Masters 1935, US Open 1922, 32)

1902 – John Steinbeck, Salinas California, author (Grapes of Wrath-Nobel 1962)

1904 – Yulii Borisovich Khariton, Russian physicist (d. 1996)

1905 – Franchot Tone, Niagara Falls NY, actor (Dr Freeland-Ben Casey)

1910 – Joan Bennett, Palasades NJ, actress (Little Women, Disraeli)

1910 – Ted Horn, American race car driver (d. 1948)

 

 

 

1910 – Clarence “Kelly” JohnsonAmerican aircraft engineer (Lockheed Skunk Worksd. 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

1913 – Irwin Shaw, US, novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)

1917 – John Connally, (Gov-D/R-Texas), shot in Kennedy motorcade

1920 – Jose Melis, Havana Cuba, orchestra leader (Jack Paar Program)

1926 – David H. Hubel, Canadian neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate

1927 – Guy Mitchell, [Albert George Cernik], Detroit, Michigan, American singer and actor (Red Garters, 3 Redheads from Seattle) (d. 1999)

1928 – Ariel Sharon, former Prime Minister of Israel

1930 – Joanne Woodward, Thomasville Ga, actress (3 Faces of Eve, Rachel)

1930 – Paul von Ragué Schleyer, American chemist

1932 – Elizabeth Taylor, London, English-American actress (Father of the Bride, Butterfield 8, Cleopatra) (d. 2011)

1933 – Geoffrey Maitland Smith, CEO (Sears)

1933 – Malcolm Wallop, (Sen-R-WY, 1977- )

1934 – Ralph Nader, Winsted Conn, consumer advocate (Unsafe at Any Speed)

1934 – Vincent Fourcade, French interior designer (d. 1992)

1937 – Barbara Babcock, Pasadena CA, actr (Dr Quinn, Dallas, Hill St Blues)

1937 – Donald MacKay, CEO (Scottish Enterprise)

1937 – L Jay Silvester, US, discus thrower (Olympic-silver-1972)

 

 

 

1939 – Peter Revsonauto racer (1971 Indianapolis pole winner)

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – Howard Hesseman, Salem Or, actor (Dr Johnny Fever-WKRP, Head of Class)

1942 – Charlayne Hunter-Gault, Due West SC, news reporter (McNeil-Lehrer)

1942 – Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate

1943 – Mary Frann, St Louis Mo, actress (Joanna-Newhart, Days of Our Live)

1943 – Klaus Köste, Frankfurt, Germany, gymnast (Olympic Gold 1972- vault), (d. 2012)

1948 – Eddie Gray, rock guitarist (Tommy James & Shondells-Crystal Blue)

1950 – Franco Moschino, fashion Designer

1951 – Lee Atwater, Republican National Committee Chairman (1989-91)

1954 – Neal Schon, rock guitarist (Journey-Open Arms, Bad English)

1955 – Garry Christian, rocker

1957 – Adrian Smith, heavy metal guitarist (Iron Maiden-Aces High)

1957 – Danny Antonucci, Canadian animator

1958 – Nancy Spungen, American murder victim of Sid Vicious (d. 1978)

 

 

 

1959 – Johnny Van ZantAmerican singer (Lynyrd Skynyrd)

 

 

 

 

 

1962 – Adam Baldwin, actor (Full Metal Jacket, My Bodyguard)

1962 – Veronica Ribot-Canales, Buenos Aires Argentina, US diver (Olympics-96)

1965 – Noah Emmerich, American actor

1965 – Frank Peter Zimmermann, German violinist

1971 – Rozonda “Chilli” Thomas, American singer (TLC)

1975 – Prodromos Korkizoglou, Greek decathlete

1975 – Shelby Walker, American mixed martial artist (d. 2006)

1980 – Chelsea Clinton, daughter of President Clinton (1993-2001)

1980 – Bobby Valentino, American singer

1981 – Josh Groban, American singer

1984 – Antti Tuisku, Finnish singer

1984 – Lotta Schelin, Swedish female footballer

1985 – Juliana Imai, Brazilian model

1994 – Hou Yifan, Chinese chess player

 

 

 

Deaths

1167 – Robert of Melun, English philosopher/bishop of Hereford, dies

1656 – Johan van Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer/writer/interpreter, dies

1659 – Henry Dunster, first President of Harvard College (b. 1609)

1699 – Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton, English politician (b. c. 1625)

1720 – Samuel Parris, English-born Puritan minister (b. 1653)

1735 – John Arbuthnot, physician/mathematician, dies

1844 – Nicholas Biddle, US lawyer/diplomat/statesman/financier, dies at 85

1881 – George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46

1887 – Alexander Porfir’yevich Borodin, Russian composer, dies at 53

1892 – Louis Vuitton, French luggage maker (b. 1821)

1913 – Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58

1936 – Ivan P Pavlov, Russian physiologist (reflexes, Nobel 1904), dies at 86

1942 – Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear-admiral (Java Sea), KIA at 52

1945 – HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen

1958 – Harry Cohn, CEO (Columbia Pictures), dies of a heart attack

1960 – Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer/manufacturer, dies at 58

1961 – Platt Adams, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1912), dies

1968 – Frankie Lymon, American rock and roll/rhythm and blues singer (The Teenagers), dies at 25 of a heroin overdose

1977 – Allison Hayes, actress (Attack of 50 Foot Woman), dies at 47

1980 – George Tobias, actor (Abner Kravitz-Bewitched), dies at 78

1985 – Henry Cabot Lodge, (Sen-R)/diplomat, dies at 82

1985 – Pat J O’Malley, actor (My Favorite Martian, Maude), dies at 83

1989 – Conrad Lorenz, Austria zoologist (Nobel 1973), dies

1989 – Joe Silver, actor (Rage, Rapid, Deathtrap, Shivers), dies at 66

1989 – Konrad Lorenz, Austria zoologist (Nobel 1973), dies at 85

1989 – Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (b. 1897)

1992 – S I Hayakawa, (Sen-California, 1977-83), dies at 85

1993 – Lillian Gish, US actress (Birth of a Nation), dies at 96

 

 

 

1994 – Laurence “Bill” Craigiejet pioneerdies at 92

 

 

 

 

 

1995 – Philip Sherrington, opus Dei Priest, dies at 51

2002 – Spike Milligan, Irish comedian (b. 1918)

2003 – Fred Rogers, American children’s television actor (b. 1928)

 

 

 

2006 – Robert Lee Scott, Jr., U.S. GeneralFlying Tigerand author (b. 1908)

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Bobby Rosengarden, American jazz drummer (b. 1924)

2008 – William F. Buckley, Jr., American conservative author and commentator (b. 1925)

2008 – Boyd Coddington, American automobile designer (b. 1944)

 

 

 

2011 – Frank Buckleslast surviving American World War I veteran (b. 1901)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011 – Duke Snider, American professional baseball player (b. 1926)

2012 – Tina Strobos, Dutch physician and resistor to Nazi occupation, dies from cancer at 91

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

747 BC – Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy’s Nabonassar Era.

364 – Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor.

1266 – Battle of Benevento fought in Southern Italy between Manfred of Sicily and army of Charles of Anjou

1590 – Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda

1616 – Spanish Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo

1732 – 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, St Joseph’s, Philadelphia

1773 – Construction authorized for Walnut St jail (Phila) (1st solitary)

1797 – Bank of England issues 1st £1-note

1804 – Vice-admiral William Bligh ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad

1815 – Napoleon & 1,200 leave Elba to start 100-day re-conquest of France

1839 – Jem Mason on Lottery wins 1st Grand National Steeplechase (Britain)

1848 – Marx & Engels publish “Communist Manifesto”

1852 – British frigate Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die

1862 – Battle of Woodburn, KY

1863 – Lincoln signs National Currency Act

1869 – 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states

1870 – 1st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)

1881 – -27] Natal: British troops under gen-major Colley occupy Majuba Hill

1893 – 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Mich

1895 – Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine

1907 – Royal Oil & Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP)

1907 – US Congress raised their own salaries to $7500

1914 – New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated

1914 – HMHS Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.

1915 – Malancourt, Argonnen (1st (German) flame-thrower

1916 – Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930

1918 – Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604

 

 

 

1919 – Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine

 

 

 

 

 

1919 – Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona

 

 

 

 

 

 

1929 – Pres Calvin Coolidge establishes Grand Teton National Park

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – 1st red & green traffic lights installed (Manhattan NYC)

1933 – Golden Gate Bridge ground-breaking ceremony held at Crissy Field

1933 – Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell

1935 – Germany begin Luftwaffe operation, under Reichsmarshall H Goering

1935 – RADAR-Radio Detection & Ranging 1st demonstrated (Robert Watson-Watt)

1935 – The Luftwaffe is re-formed.

 

 

 

1936 – Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche’s “Volkswagen

 

 

 

 

 

1936 – Military coup in Japan

1938 – 1st passenger ship equipped with radar

1938 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer

1938 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee

1940 – US Air Defense Command forms at Mitchel Field, LI, NY

1941 – 2 fighters unable to continued slugfest, referee declares double KO

1941 – Cowboys’ Amateur Association of America organized (California)

1942 – German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb

1942 – WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message “Sighted sub sank same”

1942 – Werner Heisenberger informs nazis about uranium project “Wunderwaffen”

1944 – 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed

1945 – Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force

1946 – 2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia Tenn

1949 – USAF plane began 1st nonstop around-the-world flight

1952 – PM Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb

1953 – Allen W Dulles, promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA

1954 – 1st typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy Mass

1955 – “Peter Pan” closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 149 performances

1955 – 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed-GF Smith

1960 – USA’s David Jenkins wins Olympic Gold for men’s figure skating

1962 – US Supreme court disallows race separation on public transportation

1962 – Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila Warriors scores 67 points vs NY

1972 – Slag heap dam collapses above Buffalo Creek WV, kills 125

1973 – Triple Crown horse Secretariat bought for a record $5.7m

1974 – Gold hits record $188 an ounce in Paris

1979 – Last total eclipse of Sun in 20th century for continental US

1980 – Egypt & Israel exchange ambassadors for 1st time

1983 – Michael Jackson’s “Thriller” album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 37 weeks

1983 – Shortwave pirate Radio USA (Wellsville, NY) begins transmission

1984 – Last US marines in multinatl peacekeeping force in Lebanon left Beirut

 

 

 

1984 – Rev Jesse Jackson acknowledges that he called NYC, “Hymietown

 

 

 

 

 

1986 – Evert van Benthem wins 14th Frisian 11-Cities skating race (6:55:16)

1987 – NASA launches GEOS-H

1987 – Tower Commission probes Iran-Contra affair

1990 – The Sandinistas are defeated in Nicaraguan elections.

1991 – Kuwaiti resistance leaders declare they have control of their capital

1993 – 2nd tallest building in world, NYC World Trade Center bombed, 7 die

1995 – London finance house of Barings collapse after losses in Singapore by trader Nick Leeson

1998 – Total solar eclipse in Venezuela-Pacific Ocean (4m09)

2001 – The Taliban destroy two giant Buddha statues in Bamyan, Afghanistan.

2012 – The film The Artist wins five Academy Awards and becomes the first silent film to win since 1927

 

 

Births

1361 – Wenceslas of Bohemia, Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400)

1587 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (d. 1639)

1671 – Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (d. 1713)

1672 – Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (d. 1757)

1714 – James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)

1799 – Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)

1802 – Victor Hugo, France, author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables)

1808 – Nathan Kelley, American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d.1871)

1814 – Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)

1829 – Levi Strauss, German-born clothing designer (d. 1902)

 

 

 

1846 – William F “Buffalo Bill” CodyDavenport Iowakilled 4000 buffalo

 

 

 

 

 

1852 – John Harvey Kellogg, surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry

1857 – Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion)

 

 

 

1866 – Herbert Henry Dowpioneer in US chemical industry (Dow Chemical)

 

 

 

 

 

1867 – Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon/So Afr/America)

1869 – Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin

1876 – Pauline Musters, smallest man (1’11.2″ (58.9 cm))

1882 – Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)

1882 – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)

1887 – Grover Cleveland Alexander, HOF baseball pitcher (Phillies, Cubs)

1893 – William Frawley, Iowa, actor (Fred Mertz-I Love Lucy, Bub-My 3 Sons)

1903 – Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)

1906 – Madeleine Carroll, England, actress (39 Steps, Secret Agent)

1907 – Dub Taylor, American actor (d. 1994)

 

 

 

1908 – Tex AveryAmerican cartoonist (d. 1980)

 

VIDEOS

1914 – Robert Alda, NYC, actor (Dan Lewis-Supertrain, By Popular Demand)

1918 – Theodore [Hamilton] Sturgeon, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, It, Caviar)

1919 – Mason Adams, NYC, actor (Charlie Hume-Lou Grant, Deadliest Season)

1920 – A W [Rie] Kuiper-Mastenbroek, Neth, swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-1936)

1920 – Tony Randall, [Leonard Rosenberg], Tulsa Ok, actor (Felix-Odd Couple)

1921 – Betty Hutton, Battle Creek Mich, actress (Greatest Show on Earth)

1922 – Margaret Leighton, Birmingham England, actress (Astonished Heart)

1925 – James Moody, US, jazz saxophonist/orchestra leader

1926 – Konstantin P Feoktistov, Voronezh, cosmonaut (Voskhod 1)

1928 – Anatoli Vassilyevich Filipchenko, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 16)

1928 – Antione “Fats” Domino, NO LA, rhythm & blues pianist (Blueberry Hill)

1931 – Robert D Novak, Joliet Ill, news reporter (CNN-Evans & Novak)

1932 – Johnny Cash, Kingsland Ark, country singer (I Hear the Train Coming)

1933 – Godfrey Cambridge, NYC, actor (Cotton comes to Harlem)

1933 – James Goldsmith, Paris France, corporate raider (Referendum Party)

1936 – Eduard Ivanovich Buinovski, cosmonaut

1943 – Bob “Bear” Hite, California, vocalist (Canned Heat-Going Up the Country)

1943 – Paul Cotton, LA California, rocker (Poco)

1943 – Dante Ferretti, Italian art director and costume designer

1944 – Marilyn Michaels, comedienne (ABC Comedy Hour)

1945 – Mitch Ryder, rocker (& Detroit Wheels-Devil With the Blue Dress)

1945 – Peter Brock, Australian motorsports champion (d. 2006)

1946 – Phyllis Eisenstein, US, sci-fi author (Sorcerer’s Son, Born to Exile)

1946 – Ahmed H. Zewail, Egyptian chemist, Nobel laureate

1950 – Jonathan Cain, Chicago, rock guitarist/keyboardist (Journey, Babys)

1953 – Michael Bolton, Ct, rock vocalist (That’s What Love Is All About)

1954 – Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey

1955 – Rupert Keegan, Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, England, Formula One racing car driver

1957 – Connie Carpenter-Phinney, Madison Wisc, 79k cyclist (Oly-gold-1984)

1957 – Keena Rothhammer, US, 800 m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1972)

1958 – Susan J Helms, Charlotte NC, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 54, 64, 78)

1964 – Mark Dacascos, American actor and martial artist

1965 – Alison Armitage, London England, actress (Acapulco HEAT)

1965 – Brittany York, London England, playmate (Oct, 1990)

1966 – Najwa Karam, Lebanese singer

1971 – Erykah Badu, singer

1973 – Jenny Thompson, Danvers Mass, 400m freestyle (Olympics-gold-92, 96)

1974 – Sébastien Loeb, French rally driver

1978 – Marc Hynes, British racing driver

1978 – John Tartaglia, Broadway performer and “Muppeteer”

1979 – Mariano Bainotti, Argentine racing driver

1981 – Kertus Davis, American NASCAR driver

1981 – Johnathan Wendel, American professional video gamer

1983 – Kara Monaco, American model

 

 

Deaths

1076 – Godfried III, with the Hump, duke of Neth-Lutherian, murdered

1154 – Rogier II Guiscard, King of Sicily (1101-54), dies at 60

1200 – Symeon, former Serbian ruler and saint

1266 – Manfred, bastard son of Emperor Frederik II/king of Sicily, dies at the Battle of Benevento

1360 – Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, English military leader (b. 1328)

1538 – Worp van Thabor, Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae), dies

1608 – John Still, English bishop

1723 – Thomas d’Urfey, English writer (b. 1653)

1802 – Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral (b. 1718)

 

 

 

1813 – Robert R LivingstonUS diplomat (Decl of Independence), dies at 66

 

 

 

 

 

1815 – Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (b. 1737)

1870 – Wyatt Outlaw, black leader of Union League in NC, lynched

1871 – Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general, dies at 76

1901 – Chi-hsui, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded

1901 – Hsu Cheng-yu, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded

 

 

 

1903 – Richard J GatlingUS inventor (Gatling Gun), dies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81

1931 – Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83

1954 – William R Inge, English theologist/philosopher, dies at 93

 

 

 

1959 – Lou Costelloactor (Abbott & Costello), dies at 52

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1969 – Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist/philosopher, dies at 86

 

 

 

1977 – Bukka Whitebluesmanguitarist dies at 43

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1982 – Gabor Szabo, Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle), dies at 45

1989 – Roy Eldridge, American musician (b. 1911)

1990 – Cornell Gunther, US musician (Coasters, Poison Ivy), dies at 53

1991 – Slim Gaillard [Bulee], American Jazz singer/songwriter, dies

1992 – S I Hayakawa, (Sen-R-California), dies of a stroke at 85

1993 – Fletcher Knebel, author (7 Days in May), commits suicide at 81

1994 – Avery Fisher, US audio manufacturer (1st hi-fi), dies at 87

1996 – Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist, dies at 76

1997 – David Doyle, actor (Charlie’s Angels), dies at 67

1997 – Giuseppe ‘Nuccio’ Bertone, car Designer, dies at 82

 

 

 

2000 – George L. Street III American Navy Submariner and Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1913)

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

2003 – Christian Goethals, Belgian racing driver (b. 1928)

2005 – Jef Raskin, American computer scientist (b. 1943)

2008 – Buddy Miles, American drummer (Band of Gypsies; b. 1947)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

303 – 1st official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued

1208 – St Francis of Assisi, 26, received his vocation in Portiuncula Italy

1296 – Pope Boniface VIII degree Clericis Iaicos

1387 – King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda.

1389 – Battle at Falköping: Danes defeat King Albert of Sweden

1496 – England’s Henry VII ends commercial dispute with Flanders

1525 – Battle of Pavia: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V’s troops beat the French

1525 – Francois I captured at Battle of Pavia and 8700 killed

1552 – Privileges of Hanseatic League in England are abrogated

1582 – Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar

1607 – Claudio Monteverdi’s opera “Orfeo,” premieres in Mantua

1739 – Battle of Karnal: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah.

1779 – George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British

1803 – Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional (Marbury v Madison)

1804 – London’s Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute.

1807 – 17 die & 15 wounded in a crush to witness execution of Holloway, Heggerty & Elizabeth Godfrey in England

1821 – Mexico gains independence from Spain

1836 – 3,000 Mexicans attack 182 Texans at Alamo, lasts 13 days

1839 – Steam shovel patented by William Otis, Philadelphia

1863 – Arizona Territory created

1863 – Forrest’s raid on Brentwood, Tennessee

1864 – -Feb 25] Battle of Tunnel Hill, GA (Buzzard’s Roost)

1868 – 1st US parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile Alabama)

1868 – House of Reps vote 126 to 47, to impeach President Andrew Johnson

1875 – The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.

1881 – De Lesseps’ Co begins work on Panama Canal

1894 – Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras (National Day, sort of)

1895 – Cuban war for independence begins.

1902 – Battle at Yzer Spruit: Boer general De la Rey beats British

1903 – US signs agreement acquiring a naval station at Guantanamo Bay Cuba

1905 – Simplon tunnel in Switzerland completed

1909 – The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded.

1917 – German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)

1921 – 1st transcontinental flight in 24 hrs flying time arrives Florida

1923 – Flying Scotsman goes into service

1923 – Mass arrests in US of mafia

1924 – Johnny Weissmuller, swims 100m record (57 2/5 secs)

1924 – Mahatma Gandhi released from jail

1925 – Thermite explosive 1st used to break up ice jam, Waddington, NY

1932 – Malcolm Campbell drives record speed (253.96 mph) at Daytona

1933 – League of Nations tells Japanese to pull out of Manchuria

1938 – Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles

1941 – 43 Geuzen resistance fighter trial opens in the Hague

1942 – Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German)

1942 – The “Battle of Los Angeles” takes place, lasting until the next day.

1943 – Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II

1944 – Argentina coup by Juan Peron minister of war

1945 – Egypt & Syria declares war on nazi-Germany

1945 – Manila freed from Japanese

1945 – Nazi occupiers begin state of siege

1945 – Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.

1946 – Juan Peron elected President of Argentina

1948 – Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia

1949 – V-2/WAC-Corporal 1st rocket to outer space, White Sands, NM, 400 km

1951 – Ladies Figure Skating Champion in Milan won by Jeanette Altwegg of GRB

1951 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Milan won by Richard Button USA

1960 – US beats Germany in Olympic hockey finals round, 9-1

1961 – Explorer (10) fails to reach Earth orbit

1968 – 1st pulsar discovered (CP 1919 by Jocelyn Burnell at Cambridge)

1968 – Jocelyn Bell discovers 1st pulsar

1968 – US troops reconquer Hue Vietnam

1969 – Mariner 6 launched for Mars flyby

1970 – 29 Swiss Army officers die in avalanche (Reckingen, Switzerland)

1971 – Algeria nationalizes French oil companies

1974 – Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes world champ all-round skater

1977 – Pres Carter announces US foreign aid will consider human rights

1978 – Kevin Porter, NJ, sets NBA record with 29 assists in a game

1979 – Highest price ever paid for a pig, $42,500, Stamford, Texas

1979 – War between North & South Yemen begins

1981 – Britain’s Prince Charles announces engagement to Lady Diana Spencer

1981 – Jean Harris is convicted of murdering Scarsdale diet doctor Tarnower

1983 – Dow Jones closes above 1100 mark for 1st time

1983 – A special commission of the U.S. Congress releases a report that condemns the practice of Japanese internment during World War II.

1984 – Iraq resumes air attack on Iran

1986 – Texas Air buys Eastern Airlines for $676 million

1986 – Voyager 2, 1st Uranus flyby

1987 – LA Laker Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scores his 36,000th NBA point

1988 – Matti Nykanen becomes winter olympics 1st triple gold medalist

1989 – 150-million-year-old fossil egg (oldest dinosaur embryo) found

1989 – Margaret Ray found in David Letterman’s home, claims to be his wife

1989 – US Boeing 747 loses parts of roof over Pacific, 9 die

1989 – Iran’s Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers $1M-$3M bounty on Salman Rushdie’s death due to his novel, “Satanic Verses”

1991 – US & allies begin a ground war assault on Iraqi troops

1995 – Dow-Jones hits record 4011.74

1995 – The Corona reconnaissance satellite program, in existence from 1959 to 1972, is declassified.

1996 – Cuba downs 2 US planes

1997 – South Africa announces it is constructing largest modern day blimp

1998 – Elton John knighted

1999 – The State of Arizona executes Karl LaGrand, a German national involved in an armed robbery, in spite of Germany’s legal action to attempt to save him.

2002 – XIX Winter Olympics closes in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States

2002 – Canada defeats the United States 5-2 to win the men’s ice hockey Olympic Gold Medal

2006 – Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declares Proclamation 1017 placing the country in a state of emergency in attempt to subdue a possible military coup.

2008 – Fidel Castro retires as the President of Cuba after nearly fifty years.

2011 – Final Launch of Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103).

 

 

 

Births

1103 – Emperor Toba of Japan (d. 1156)

1304 – Muhammad ibn Battutah, Arab travel writer (Travels in Asia & Africa)

1463 – Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italy, scholar/platonist

1500 – Carlos V, King of Spain (1516-56)/Holy Roman Emperor

1545 – Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader (d. 1578)

1547 – Jan of Austria, Spanish military man/land guardian of the Netherland

1684 – Catherine I, Empress of Russia 1725-27, Dorpat, Estonia

1709 – Jacques de Vaucanson, French inventor (d. 1782)

1723 – John Burgoyne, British general (d. 1792)

1786 – Wilhelm Karl Grimm, Hanau Germany, story teller (Grimm’s Fairy Tales)

1811 – Edward Dickinson Baker, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1861

1824 – John Crawford Vaughn, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1875

1827 – Charles Davis Jameson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1836 – Winslow Homer, US, painter (Gulfstream)

1838 – Thomas Benton Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1923

1866 – Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)

1866 – Hubert Van Innis, Belgian archer (d. 1961)

1872 – John Jarvis, England, swimmer (won 108 titles)

1874 – Honus Wagner, HOF shortstop (Pittsburgh Pirates, 1900-17)

1885 – Chester Nimitz, US admiral (commanded Pacific fleet in WW II)

1890 – Marjorie Main, [Tomlinson], Action Ind, actress (Another Thin Man)

1898 – Kurt Tank, German WW II aircraft designer

1905 – E Boyland, biochemist

1909 – Max Black, Dutch/British/US philosopher (analytical philosophy)

1913 – Richard Murphey Goodwin, economist

1914 – David Langdon, cartoonist/illustrator

1914 – Zachary Scott, Austin Tx, actor (Spotlight Playhouse, Mildred Pierce)

1914 – Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (d. 2005)

1917 – William Fairbank, Minneapolis, physicist (superconductivity)

1919 – Alan Hugh Iliffe, psychologist

1919 – Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

1920 – Frank Rogers, CEO (NPA Telegraph)

1921 – Abe Vigoda, NYC, actor (Barney Miller, Fish)

1928 – Al Lettieri, NYC, actor (Deadly Kiss, Pulp, Mr Majestyk, Getaway)

1929 – Richard B Shull, Evanston Ill, actor (Diana, Holmes & Yoyo)

1932 – Everard Goodman, English real estate developer (TOPS Estates)

1932 – John Vernon, Canada, actor (Animal House, Chained Heat, Dirty Harry)

1932 – Michel Legrand, composer (Summer of ’42, Windmills of Your Mind)

1934 – Bettino Craxi, Italy’s 1st socialist premier (1983-87)

1934 – Frank Chapot, US, equestrian (Olympic-silver-1960, 1972)

1934 – Linda Cristal, Buenos Aires Arg, actress (Victoria-High Chapparal)

1936 – Renata Scotto, Savona Italy, operatic soprano

1938 – James Farentino, Brooklyn, New York, actor (The Final Countdown), (d. 2012)

1938 – Phil Knight, American sportswear manufacturer

1940 – Theo Bosch, Dutch humanist/architect (Nieuwmarkt, Amsterdam)

1940 – Pete Duel, American actor (d. 1971)

1942 – Joe Lieberman, (Sen-D Connecticut)

1942 – Paul Jones, England, rocker (Manfried Mann-Mighty Quinn)

1942 – Colin Bond, Australian racing driver

1943 – Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer

1943 – Terry Semel, American business executive

1944 – Barry Bostwick, San Mateo Ca, actor (Rocky Horror Show, Megaforce)

1944 – Nicky Hopkins, rock pianist (Stones-Ruby Tuesday, Quicksilver)

1946 – Grigory Margulis, Russian mathematician

1947 – Edward James Olmos, Cal, actor (Miami Vice, Stand & Deliver, Triumph)

1947 – Lonnie Turner, bassist/vocalist (Steve Miller Band-Abracadabra)

1947 – Rupert Holmes, English musician

1948 – Lorri Menconi, playmate (Feb, 1969)

1950 – George Thorogood, Wilmington, Delaware, American singer and guitarist (The Delaware Destroyers-Bad to the Bone)

1951 – Helen Shaver, Ontario Canada, actress (WIOU, Praise of Older Women)

1952 – Tom Burleson, USA, basketball (Oly-silv-1972) tallest Olympian-7’4″

1955 – Alain Prost, Formula One racing driver (Championships: 85, 86, 89, 93)

1955 – Steve Jobs, San Francisco, California, American computer entrepreneur and co-founder of Apple (d. 2011)

1956 – Paula Zahn, Napperville Ill, news anchor (ABC, CBS This Morning)

1956 – Judith Butler, American philosopher

1957 – Phil McConkey, NFL wide receiver (NY Giants)

1958 – Sammy Kershaw, Kaplan LA, country vocalist (Cadillac Style)

1958 – Plastic Bertrand, Belgian singer

1962 – Michelle Shocked, singer/musician

1964 – Bill Bailey, British comedian

1964 – Russell Ingall, Australian racing driver

1966 – Billy Zane, actor (Orlando, Memphis Belle, Millions, Titanic)

1971 – Pedro de la Rosa, Spanish Formula One driver

1973 – Chris Fehn, American percussionist (Slipknot)

1976 – Eric Griffin, American rock guitarist

1976 – Marco Campos, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1995)

1977 – Floyd Mayweather, Grand Rapids Mich, featherweight boxer (Oly-br-96)

1978 – Louise Woodward, ELton England, nanny who killed Matthew Eappen

1979 – Jesse Billauer, American quadriplegic surfer

1980 – Anton Gustafsson, Swedish rock music fan (d. 2003)

1980 – Shinsuke Nakamura, Japanese professional wrestler

1984 – Clivio Piccione, Monegasque racing driver

1987 – Daniel Reilly, British entrepreneur

 

 

Deaths

616 – King Ethelbert of Kent

1525 – Guillaume Gouffier, seigneur de Bonnivet, French soldier

1563 – Francois Guise, French general/duke, assassinated at 44

1588 – Johann Weyer, Dutch physician and occultist

1685 – Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle, English politician and military leader (b. 1629)

1686 – Ferdinando Tacca, Italian painter/son of Pietro Tacca, dies at 66

1721 – John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (b. 1648)

1732 – Colonel Francis Charteris, known as “The Rape-Master General”. (b. 1675)

1779 – Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (b. 1704)

1810 – Henry Cavendish, physicist/chemist, dies

1812 – Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1775)

1815 – Robert Fulton, steamboat pioneer, dies at 49

1914 – Joshua Chamberlain, Civil War hero for the Union on Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg

1926 – Eddie Plank, pitcher (won 327 games in 17 years), dies at 51

1945 – Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt’s PM, assassinated in parliament

1953 – Karl R G von Rundstedt, Germ gen-field marshal (Ardennes), dies at 77

1967 – Franz Waxman, German composer (Day at the races), dies at 60

1975 – Nikolai A Bulganin, marshal/premier of USSR (1955-58), dies at 79

1990 – Malcolm Forbes, CEO (Forbes Publishing), dies of a heart attack at 70

1990 – Tony Conigliaro, baseball player (Red Sox), dies of pneumonia at 45

1991 – George Gobel, Chicago, comedian (George Gobel Show), dies at 71

1991 – Webb Pierce, US country singer (Bye Bye Love), dies of cancer at 64

1994 – Dinah Shore, singer (Chevrolet), dies of cancer at 76

1994 – Knut Anders Haukfield, SOE Operative, dies at 83

1994 – Lores Bonney, aviator, dies at 96

1996 – Anna Larina, revolutionary, dies at 82

1998 – Henny Youngman, comedian (Take my wife please), dies at 92

2002 – Arthur Lyman, American jazz vibraphone and marimba player (b. 1932)

2006 – Don Knotts, American actor (b. 1924)

2006 – Dennis Weaver, American actor (b. 1924)

2011 – Anant Pai, Indian educationalist and creator of comics (b. 1929)

2012 – Jan Berenstain, American author dies from a stroke at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

303 – Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians

1455 – Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, Bible (estimated date)

1574 – France begins 5th holy war against Huguenots

1672 – Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam

1689 – Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England

1778 – Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge

1792 – Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)

1813 – 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass

1821 – College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college

1822 – Boston is incorporated as a city

1836 – Alamo besieged by Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed

1847 – Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans

1861 – Pres-elect Lincoln arrives secretly in Wash DC to take office

1870 – Mississippi is readmitted to US

1883 – Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law

1883 – American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Phila)

1886 – Aluminum manufacturing process developed

1892 – 1st college student government forms at Bryn Mawr Penn

1895 – Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)

1896 – Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield

1898 – In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his “J’accuse” letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus

1900 – Battle at Hart’s Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)

1903 – Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA

1904 – US acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million

1905 – Rotary Club International formed by 4 men in Chicago

1906 – Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart in 20 for heavyweight boxing title

1915 – Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin

1916 – Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin

1916 – French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun

1917 – February revolution begins in Russia

1918 – First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser’s German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.

1919 – Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini

1921 – 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from SF

1927 – Pres Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FCC)

1936 – 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY

1938 – Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

1940 – Walt Disney’s animated movie “Pinocchio,” released

1941 – Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.

1942 – Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif

1943 – German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia

1944 – Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.

1945 – Operation Grenade: Gen Simpsons 9th Army crosses Ruhr

1945 – US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo & statue

1947 – Gen Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews

1954 – 1st mass inoculation with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)

1958 – 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels

1960 – Demolition begins on Brooklyn’s Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)

1966 – Aldo Moro forms Italian government

1967 – 25th amendment (presidential succession) declared ratified

1967 – US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War

1968 – Wilt Chamberlain becomes 1st NBAer to score 25,000 points

1971 – Lt Calley confessed & implicates Captain Medina

1973 – Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London

1974 – Patty Hearst, daughter of publisher Randolph Hearst, kidnapped by SLA

1974 – Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in “Confessions of an Orth”

1979 – Frank Peterson Jr named 1st black general in Marine Corps

1980 – 13th Winter Olympic games close at Lake Placid, NY

1980 – Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating golds at Lake Placid Olympics

1980 – Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-mil-gallon spill

1981 – People mag features drug ordeal of Mackenzie & Papa John Phillips

1983 – USFL NJ Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 mil)

1983 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.

1987 – Supernova 1987A in LMC 1st seen; 1st naked-eye supernova since 1604

1988 – Yvonne van Gennip skates female record 3k (4:11.94)

1992 – 16th Winter Olympic games closes in Albertville, France

1995 – Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for 1st time (4,003.33)

1997 – Ali Abu Kamal opens fire in Empire State Building & kills 1

1997 – NBC TV shows “Schindler’s List,” completely uncensored, 65M watch

1997 – Scientists in Scotland announced they succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named “Dolly”

1998 – Tornadoes in Florida kills at least 31

1998 – Osama bin Laden publishes a fatwa declaring jihad against all Jews and Crusaders.

1999 – Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.

2006 – Dubai Ports World agrees to postpone its plans to take over management of six U.S. ports after the proposal ignited harsh bipartisan criticism on Capitol Hill.

2007 – Japan launches its fourth spy satellite, stepping up its ability to monitor potential threats such as North Korea.

2008 – a B-2 Spirit of the USAF crashes at Guam. The crew survived but the aircraft was written off, making it the most expensive air crash in human history (the aircraft alone cost $1.2Bn). The B-2 had a perfect safety record before the crash; not one B-2 ever crashed.

2010 – Unknown criminals pour more than 2.5 million liters of diesel oil and other hydrocarbons into the river Lambro, in Northern Italy, causing an environmental disaster.

2012 – A series of bomb attacks across 12 Iraqi cities kills 60 and injures 200

 

 

 

Births

1417 – Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Venice, Republic of Venice, Pope (1464-71)

1583 – Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)

1614 – Jacob Colijn(s), Dutch coat of arms painter

1615 – Cornelis Galle II, Flemish engraver/illustrator, baptised

1633 – Samuel Pepys, London England, navy expert/composer (Diary, Memoirs)

1646 – Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)

1685 – George Friedrich Handel, Halle Germany, organist/composer (Messiah)

1723 – Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)

1729 – Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (d. 1809)

1734 – Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Frankfurt, founder (House of Rothschild)

1787 – Emma Willard, US, opens school for young ladies (Hall of Fame)

1818 – Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept

1824 – Lewis Cass Hunt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886

1838 – Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

1840 – Carl Menger, Austrian economist

1842 – Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)

1868 – William E B Du Bois, Mass, civil rights activist and writer (Souls of Black Folk)

1869 – Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)

1883 – Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher

1889 – Victor Fleming, American director (Wizard of Oz, Gone with the Wind), (d. 1949)

1889 – Musidora, French actress and director (d. 1957)

1904 – Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina)

1904 – William L Shirer, historian (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich)

1911 – G Mennen Williams, Detroit, Sup Court Justice/(Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60)

1913 – Charles Leonard, US, pentathelete (Olympic-1936)

1915 – Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 “Enola Gay” over Hiroshima (d. 2007)

1928 – Vasily Grigoryevich Lazarev, Siberia USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A)

1929 – Elston Howard, Yankee catcher (1st black NY Yankee/1963 AL MVP)

1930 – Harry Boldt, German Fed Rep, equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1976)

1933 – Lee Calhoun, Laurel Miss, hurdler (Olympics-gold-56, 60)

1933 – Lee Quencey Calhoun, Laurel MS, 110m hurdler (Olympic-gold-1956, 60)

1939 – Josef Feistmantl, Austria, lugeist (Olympic-gold-1964)

1940 – Peter Fonda, actor (Easy Rider, Lilith, Wild Angels, Trip)

1944 – Johnny Winter, [John Dawson], Leland Miss, guitarist (Silver Train)

1944 – John Sandford, American novelist

1946 – Rusty Young, California, rock steel guitarist (Poco-Heat of the Night)

1947 – Shakira Caine, Guyana, actress (Man Who be King)/Miss Guyana (1967)

1950 – Steve Priest, London, rock bassist (Sweet Hayes)

1951 – Ed “Too Tall” Jones, NFL linebacker (Dallas Cowboys)

1951 – Patricia Richardson, Bethesada Md, actress (Double Trouble, Home Imp)

1952 – Brad Whitford, Mass, rock guitarist (Aerosmith-Jamie Got a Gun)

1953 – Sallie L Baliunas, astrophysicist

1953 – Satoru Nakajima, Japanese racing driver

1955 – Howard Jones, rock pianist/vocalist (Things Can Only Get Better)

1962 – Michael Wilton, rock guitarist (Queensrijche-Warning)

1963 – Bobby Bonilla, NYC, outfielder (NY Mets, Balt Orioles, Marlins)

1963 – Debbie Kruck, Danbury CT, Ms Fitness USA (1994)

1965 – Helena Sukova, Prague Czech Rep, tennis star (1985 US Open’s Double)

1965 – Kristin Davis, actress (Melrose Place)

1965 – Michael Dell, American computer manufacturer

1967 – Chris Vrenna, American musician, producer and sound engineer Nine Inch Nails, Tweaker

1968 – Stephanie Seymour, SD California, actress/model (Sunny Side Up)

1973 – Robert Pipkins, Staten Island NY, luger (Olympics-1994)

1979 – D-Roc, American rapper (Ying Yang Twins)

1983 – Aziz Ansari, Indian American Comedian

1983 – Emily Blunt, British actress

1986 – Kazuya Kamenashi, Japanese pop star (KAT-TUN)

1994 – Dakota Fanning, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

155 – Polycarp, disciple of Apostle John, arrested & burned at stake

943 – Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, (b. 884)

1011 – Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz

1100 – Emperor Zhezong of China (b. 1076)

1447 – Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1390)

1464 – Zhengtong, Emperor of China (b. 1427)

1468 – John Gutenberg, German inventor (boekdrukkunst), dies

1526 – Diego Colón, Spanish Viceroy of the Indies

1554 – Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey’s father, executed

1603 – Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)

1781 – George Taylor, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (bc. 1716)

1821 – John Keats, Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome

1848 – John Quincy Adams, 6th US pres (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80

1855 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, mathematician, dies

1884 – Tambo Tambo, Australian aboriginal/US circus attaction, dies at 23

1902 – Samuel R Gardiner, British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72

1922 – Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (b. 1845)

1930 – Horst Wessel, German nazi lyricist (Fahne Hoch), dies at 22

1930 – Mabel Normand, actress/director (Extra Girl), dies at 35

1934 – Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by National Guard

1935 – Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Hotel Gooiland), dies at 44

1944 – Leo Hendrick Baekeland, inventor (Bakelite), dies

1945 – Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle

1946 – Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (hanged) (b. 1885)

1948 – John Robert Gregg, Irish-born publisher and inventor (b. 1866)

1960 – Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (b. 1898)

1965 – Stan Laurel, comedian (Laurel & Hardy), dies of heart attack at 74

1968 – Fannie Hurst, US author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78

1970 – Hirsch Jacobs, American thoroughbred horse trainer and owner (b. 1904)

1971 – King Lockwood, dies of stroke at 73

1973 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)

1990 – James Gavin, commandant US 82nd Airborn Div (Normandy), dies at 82

1990 – Jose Napoleon Duarte, president of Salvador (1984-89), dies at 62

1994 – Stuart Berger, doctor (Immune Power Diet), dies from obesity at 40

1995 – Art Kane, photographer, dies at 69

1995 – James Herriot [Alfred Wight], Scottish author (All Creatures Great & Small), dies at 78

1995 – Peter Guy Wykeham Fighter Pilot-Barnes, dies at 79

1996 – George Alan Dawson, jazz drummer/teacher, dies at 66

1999 – Carlos Hathcock, USMC Sniper, 93 Confirmed Kills (b. 1942)

2000 – Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (b. 1957)

2003 – Robert K. Merton, American sociologist (b. 1910)

2003 – Howie Epstein, American bass guitarist (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) (b. 1955)

2004 – Don Cornell, American singer (b. 1919)

2008 – Paul Frère, Belgian race car driver and motorsport journalist (b. 1917)

2008 – Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot, first to land at Newfoundland Airport on January 11, 1938 (b. 1916)

2012 – Bruce Surtees, American cinematographer, dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

896 – Pope Formosa crowned king Arnulf of Karinthie/French emperor

1071 – Battle of Cassel-Robert I the Frisian defeats Arnulf III/I

1281 – Simon de Brion elected Pope Martinus IV

1288 – Girolamo Masci elected Pope Nicolas IV

1300 – Pope Boniface VIII delegates degree

1349 – Jews are expelled from Zurich Switzerland

1495 – French King Charles VIII enters Naples to claim crown

1561 – William of Orange appointed viceroy of Burgundy/Charolais

1630 – Indians introduce pilgrims to popcorn, at Thanksgiving

1632 – Galileo’s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.

1744 – Battle at Toulon: English-French & Spanish fleet

1775 – 1st US joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents

1784 – 1st US ship to trade with China, “Empress of China,” sails from NY

1797 – Last Invasion of Britain: 1797 The Last Invasion of Britain by the French, begins near Fishguard, Wales.

1819 – Spain renounces claims to Oregon Country, Florida (Adams-Onís Treaty)

1821 – Spain sells (east) Florida to United States for $5 million

1825 – Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary

1847 – Battle of Buena Vista: US troops beat Mexican army

1854 – 1st meeting of Republican Party (Michigan)

1856 – 1st national meeting of Republican Party (Pittsburgh)

1861 – On a bet Edward Weston leaves Boston to walk to Lincoln’s inauguration

1864 – -27] Battle at Dalton Georgia

1864 – 2nd/last day of Battle of Okolona, MS

1864 – Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta) Tennessee

1865 – Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals

1865 – Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery

1872 – 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)

1876 – Johns Hopkins University opens

1879 – 1st 5 cent & 10 cent store opened by Frank W Woolworth (Utica NY)

1882 – With 120 miles James Saunders wins NYC’s 24 hour race & $100 prize

1888 – John Reid of Scotland demonstrates golf to Americans (Yonkers NY)

1889 – US President Cleveland signs bill to admit Dakotas, Montana & Washington state to the union

1898 – Black postmaster lynched, his wife & 3 daughters shot in Lake City SC

1900 – Battle at Wynne’s Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)

1900 – Hawaii became a US territory

1903 – Due to drought the US side of Niagara Falls runs short of water

1904 – The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.

1907 – 1st cabs with taxi meters begin operating in London

1909 – Great White Fleet, 1st US fleet to circle the globe, returns to Va

1912 – J Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph-161.29 kph

1915 – Germany begins “unrestricted” submarine war

1917 – German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships

1920 – 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville California)

1922 – Congress authorizes Grant Memorial $1 gold coin

1923 – Transcontinental airmail service begins

1924 – 1st presidential radio address (Calvin Coolidge)

1927 – Baruch Spinosa’s house of mourning opened as a museum

1928 – 1st solo England to Australia flight lands (Bert Hinkler)

1932 – Purple Heart award reinstituted

1933 – Goering forms SA/SS-police, shoots 40-50

1934 – “It Happened One Night,” opens at NY’s Radio City Music Hall

1935 – Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House

1940 – Finnish troops vacate Koivisto island

1940 – German air force sinks 2 German destroyers, killing 578

1941 – Arthur T “Bomber” Harris becomes British Air Marshal

1941 – IG Farben decides building Buna-Werke in Auschwitz Concentration Camp

1941 – Nazi SS begin rounding up Jews of Amsterdam

1942 – World War II: President Franklin Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapse

1943 – Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.

1944 – US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem & Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die

1955 – British aircraft carrier Ark Royal sets sail

1956 – Elvis Presley’s 1st hit in Billboard’s top 10: “Heartbreak Hotel”

1958 – Australian swimmer Jon Konrads sets 6 world records in 2 days

1959 – 1st Daytona 500 auto race-Lee Petty wins (135.521 MPH)

1967 – Sling-shot goal post & 6′ wide border around field are standard in NFL

1967 – 25,000 US & S Vietnamese troops launched Operation Junction City, offensive to smash Viet Cong stronghold near Cambodian border

1968 – Rock group Genesis release their 1st record “Silent Sun”

1971 – Lt Gen Hafiz al-Assad becomes President of Syria

1972 – President Nixon, meets with Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai in Beijing

1978 – 2 tankers with propane gas explode killing 15 at Waverly, Tenn

1980 – Afghanistan declares martial law

1980 – USA beats USSR in Olympic hockey 4-3 en route to a gold medal

1982 – NYC Mayor Koch announces he will run for NY governor (unsuccessful)

1983 – Harold Washington wins Chicago’s Democratic mayoral primary

1983 – Hindus kill 3000 Moslems in Assam, India

1988 – Bonnie Blair skates world record 500m (39.10 sec)

1989 – NY Lotto pays $26.9 million to one winner (#s are 1-5-12-19-44-50)

1989 – UK physicist Stephen Hawking calls Star Wars a “deliberate fraud”

1989 – US authors demonstrate against Iranian death treats against Salman Rushdee, author of “Satanic Rituals”

1991 – Bush & US Gulf War allies give Iraq 24 hrs to begin Kuwait withdrawal

1992 – Rockers Kurt Corbin (Nirvana) & Courtney Love (Hole), wed

1995 – Algiers police kill at least 99 prison rioters

1995 – Steve Fossett completes 1st air balloon over Pacific Ocean (9600 km)

1998 – 18th Winter Olympic games close at Nagano Japan

2002 – Angolan political and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi is killed in a military ambush.

2006 – At least six men stage Britain’s biggest robbery ever, stealing £53m (about $92.5 million or 78€ million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.

2011 – An earthquake measuring 6.3 in magnitude strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 181 people

 

 

Births

1040 – Rashi, French rabbi (d. 1105)

1403 – Charles VII, King of France (1422-61), drove out the English from Northern France. Died 1461.

1440 – Ladislaus V Posthumus, King of Hungary/Bohemia

1500 – Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (d. 1564)

1514 – Tahmasp I, shah of Persia (1524-76)/author (Tazkire-i Shah)

1599 – Anthony Van Dyck, Antwerp Belgium, painter

1612 – George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English statesman (d. 1677)

1634 – Petrus “Pieter” van Schooten, fortress architect

1705 – Peter Arctedius, [Artedi], Swedish biologist

1714 – Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (d. 1795)

1732 – George Washington, Westmoreland, Virginia, 1st American president (1789-97)

1778 – Rembrandt Peale, portrait/historical painter (Court of Death)

1788 – Arthur Schopenhauer, Germany, philosopher (Great Pessimist)

1796 – Adolphe Quetelet, Belgium, mathematician/astronomer/statistician

1797 – William I, Berlin, King of Prussia (1861-88)/German Emperor (1871-88)

1798 – Charles Mynn Thruston, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1873

1817 – Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician (d. 1880)

1822 – Adolf Kuszmaul, German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease)

1824 – Pierre Janssen, French astronomer (d. 1907)

1827 – James Barnet Fry, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1894

1828 – Robert Alexander Cameron, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1894

1838 – Pierre Jules Cesar Janssen, discoverer of hydrogen in Sun

1857 – Heinrich Hertz, physicist, 1st to broadcast & receive radio waves

1857 – Robert Baden-Powell, founder (Boy Scouts, Girl Guides)

1878 – Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)

1880 – Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)

1891 – “Chico” Marx, NYC, actor/comedian (Marx Brothers, Animal Crackers)

1892 – David Dubinsky, labor leader (Freedom Award, 1969 Medal of Freedom)

1892 – Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize)

1901 – Charles E Whittaker, Kansas, US Supreme Court justice (1957-62)

1906 – Gale Gordon, LA California, actor (Conklin-Our Miss Brooks, Here’s Lucy)

1907 – Robert Young, Chic Ill, actor (Father Knows Best, Marcus Welby MD)

1907 – Sheldon Leonard, NYC, actor/director (Danny Thomas Show, Big Eddie)

1910 – Al Sears, jazz performer

1914 – Renato Dulbecco, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate

1915 – Gus Lesnevich, light heavyweight boxing champ (1947 fight of year)

1918 – Charles O Finley, baseball team owner (Oakland A’s)

1918 – Don Pardo, Westfield Mass, TV announcer (Jeopardy, Saturday Night Live)

1922 – Jesús Iglesias, Argentine racing driver (d. 2005)

1925 – Edward Gorey, Chicago, author/artist (Curious Sofa)

1925 – Raymond Joseph Cecil, British architect

1926 – Bud Yorkin, producer (All in the Family, 1959, 1960 Emmy)

1928 – Bruce Forsyth, London England, comedian/TV host (Generation Game)

1928 – Paul Dooley, Parkensburg WV, actor (16 Candles, Strange Brew, Wedding)

1929 – James Hong, American actor

1932 – Edward M “Ted” Kennedy, (Sen-D-Mass, 1962- ), (Don’t let him drive)

1934 – George “Sparky” Anderson, SD, baseball manager (Reds, Tigers)

1936 – Ernie K-Doe, [Ernest Kador Jr], New Orleans La, rocker

1936 – J. Michael Bishop, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate

1937 – Joanna Russ, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Female Man, Alyx)

1937 – Samuel Whitbread, English brewer/multi-millionaire

1940 – Johnson P Mlambo, South African leader (Pan-African Congress)

1940 – Billy Name, American photographer

1942 – Christine Keeler, English model and showgirl

1944 – Jonathan Demme, Baldwin NY, actor/director (Caged Heat, Swing Shift)

1944 – Robert Kardashian, American lawyer (d. 2003)

1945 – Oliver, rock vocalist (Good Morning Starshine, Jean)

1949 – Leslie Charleson, KC Missouri, actress (Monica-General Hospital)

1949 – Nikki Lauda, Austria, formula 1 auto racer (world champ 1975, 77, 84)

1950 – Julie Walters, England, actress (Educating Rita, Prick Up Your Ears)

1950 – Julius Erving, ABA/NBA forward (Virg Squirers, NY Nets, Phila 76ers)

1950 – Sylvette Miou-Miou, Paris France, actress (Bottom Line, Menage)

1953 – Graham Lewis, English musician (Wire)

1956 – Amy Alcott, Kansas City MO, LPGA golfer (1983 Nabisco Dinah Shore)

1958 – Kyle MacLachlan, Yakima WA, actor (Blue Velvet, Dune, Hidden)

1961 – Mike Morris, NFL center (Minnesota Vikings)

1961 – Akira Takasaki, Japanese guitarist

1962 – Lenda Murray, Detroit Mich, body builder (4X Ms Olympia)

1962 – Lisa Jacquin, equestrian show jumper (Olympics-96)

1962 – Les Wallace, Scottish darts player

1963 – Vijay Singh, Lautoka Fiji, PGA golfer (1993 Buick Classic)

1964 – Gigi Fernandez, [Beatriz], San Juan PR, US tennis star (Olymp-gold-96)

1966 – Suave, singer

1968 – Jayson Williams, NBA center (NJ Nets)

1968 – Jeri Ryan, actress (7 of 9-Star Trek Voyager)

1969 – Joaquín Cortés, Spanish dancer

1969 – Hans Klok, Dutch illusionist

1971 – Lea Salonga, Philippines, singer/actress (Miss Siagon)

1971 – Lisa Fernandez, Lakewood California, softball pitcher (Olympics-gold-96)

1972 – Michael Chang, Hoboken NJ, tennis star (1989 French Open)

1973 – Ntala Skinner, Sun Valley Idaho, biathelete (Olympics-1994)

1974 – James Blunt, English musician

1975 – Drew Barrymore, LA California, actress (ET, Firestarter, Poison Ivy)

1975 – Gregory Maddalone, Schenectady NY, dance skater (& Demkowski)

1984 – Venetian Princess Internet (You tube) Star (Real Name: Jodie-Amy Rivera)

 

 

Deaths

606 – Sabinian, Italian Pope (604-06), dies

965 – Odo, Duke of Burgundy (b. 944)

1071 – Arnulf III, earl of Flanders/Hainault (Arnulf I), dies in battle

1076 – Godfried III, with the Hump, duke of Lower Lorraine, murdered [or Feb 26]

1078 – Johannes van Fecamp, Italian mystic writer, dies

1111 – Roger Borsa, King of Sicily

1213 – Wibert of Gembloers, benediction/writer/abbot of Gembloers, dies

1371 – David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71), dies at 46

1478 – Hendrik Herp (Herpius/Harphius), writer (Spieghel volcomenheit), dies

1512 – Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America), dies at 60

1627 – Olivier van Noort, Dutch navigator (b. 1558)

1680 – Catherine Monvoisin, French sorceress (b. c.1640)

1690 – Charles Le Brun, classical painter (Academie de Peinture), dies at 70

1731 – Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist, dies at 92

1770 – Christopher Snider, 11, Boston, becomes 1st martyr of US Revolution

1797 – Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)

1799 – Heshen, infamous Qing Dynasty Chinese official at court (b. 1750)

1816 – Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist/historian, dies at 92

1832 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer, dies at 82

1875 – Charles Lyell, British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77

1890 – John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (b. 1822)

1912 – Richard Andree, German geographer (Andree’s Handatlas), dies at 76

1913 – Francisco Indalecio Madero, Mex pres, assassinated in milt coup at 39

1913 – Suarez, Mexican vice pres, assassinated in a miltary coup

1943 – Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (White Rose), beheaded at 24

1943 – Sophie Scholl, German resistance fighter (Die Weisse Rose), beheaded

1944 – Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi (b. 1869)

1958 – Michael Todd, film magnate, killed in an New Mexico air crash

1961 – Nick LaRocca, American jazz musician (b. 1889)

1965 – Felix Frankfurter, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1882)

1968 – Omer CFL Tulippe, Belgian geographer, dies at 71

1974 – Samuel Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (b. 1930)

1976 – Florence Ballard, rocker (Supremes), dies of a heart attack at 32

1984 – David, spent most of his life in a plastic bubble, dies at 12

1985 – Alexander Scourby, actor (Victory at Sea, Ransom), dies at 71

1985 – Efrem A Zimbalist, Russian/US composer/violinist, dies at 95

1987 – Andy Warhol, pop artist, dies of a heart attack at 58

1987 – David Susskind, TV host (Open End, David Susskind Show), dies at 66

1994 – “Papa” John Creach, US jazz musician (Papa Blues), dies at 76

1995 – Ed Flanders, actor (Dr Westphall-St Elsewhere), commits suicide at 60

1998 – Grandpa [Louis Marshall] Jones, country singer (Hee Haw), dies at 84

2002 – Chuck Jones, American cartoonist (b. 1912)

2002 – Jonas Savimbi, Angolan rebel leader (b. 1934)

2002 – Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat and war hero (b. 1916)

2002 – Daniel Pearl, American journalist (b. 1963)

2007 – Howard Verne Ramsey, oldest U.S. veteran of WWI (b. 1898)

2007 – George Jellicoe, Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords & Special Boat Service veteran (b. 1918)

2012 – Billy Strange, American singer-songwriter, dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past*

 

 

* Please accept our apologies , those of you who have come to expect a more detailed , link-filled Uncurrent Events , but due to technical difficulties we are not able , at present , to include the usual embellishment of certain interesting events , births and deaths . Rest assured that the detailed version of UE that you have come to love will resume by the end of this coming weekend . Thank you for your patience .

 

 

Events

362 – Athanasius returns to Alexandria.

1173 – Pope Alexander III canonizes Thomas Becket Absp of Canterbury

1245 – Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after having confessed to torture and forgery.

1431 – England begins trial against Joan of Arc

1440 – The Prussian Confederation is formed.

1564 – Philip II routes cardinal Granvelle to Franche-Comte

1574 – Spanish garrison of Middelburg Neth surrenders

1598 – Boris Godunov crowned tsar

1613 – Michael Romanov, son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected Russian tsar

1673 – Michiel A de Ruyter appointed lt-admiral-general of Dutch fleet

1777 – English ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag

1792 – Congress passes Pres Succession Act

1795 – Freedom of worship established in France under constitution

1804 – 1st locomotive, Richard Trevithick’s, runs for 1st time, in Wales

1828 – 1st American Indian newspaper in US, “Cherokee Phoenix,” published

1842 – 1st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Wash DC

1846 – 1st US woman telegrapher, Sarah G Bagley, Lowell, Mass

1853 – US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces

1857 – Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US

1858 – Edwin T Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Mass)

1861 – Navaho indians elect Herrero Grande as chief

1862 – Confederate Constitution & presidency are declared permanent

1862 – Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, NM

1864 – -22] Battle at Okolona, Mississippi

1866 – Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree

1874 – Benjamin Disraeli replaces William Gladstone as English premier

1878 – 1st telephone book issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)

1882 – NYC’s 24 hour race begins, winner with most mileage in 24 hours

1885 – Washington Monument dedicated (Wash DC)

1887 – 1st US bacteriology laboratory opens (Brooklyn)

1887 – Oregon becomes 1st US state to make Labor Day a holiday

1902 – Dr Harvey Cushing, 1st US brain surgeon, does his 1st brain operation

1903 – Cornerstone laid for US army war college, Washington, DC

1904 – National Ski Association forms in Ishpeming Mich

1907 – SS Berlin sinks off Hoek van Holland Neth (142 dead)

1914 – White Wolf troops attack Zhanjiang China

1915 – World’s Fair in SF opens

1916 – Battle of Verdun in WW I begins (1 million casualties)

1917 – British Mendi sinks off Isle of Wight, 627 die

1917 – Train near Chirurcha Romania catches fire & explodes; 100s die

1918 – The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo.

1922 – Airship Rome explodes at Hampton Roads Virginia; 34 die

1922 – Great Britain grants Egypt independence

1925 – 1st issue of “New Yorker” magazine published

1931 – Alka Seltzer introduced

1932 – Camera exposure meter patented, WN Goodwin

1934 – Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by Natl Guard

1937 – Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman’s Arrowbile.

1937 – The League of Nations bans foreign national “volunteers” in the Spanish Civil War.

1941 – Omar Bradley is promoted to the rank of brigadier general

1942 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn

1942 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Bobby Specht

1943 – German offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte Tunisia

1945 – British Army captures Goch

1945 – US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line

1947 – 1st instant developing camera demonstrated in NYC, by E H Land

1948 – NASCAR is incorporated.

1952 – Dick Button performs 1st figure skating triple jump in competition

1953 – F Crick & J Watson discover structure of DNA-molecule

1953 – Longest collegiate basketball game (6 OTs) Niagara beats Siena 88-81

1958 – Egypt-Syria as UAR elect Nasser president (99.9% vote)

1961 – Mercury-Atlas 2 reentry Test reaches 172 km

1968 – 150,000 demonstrate against leftist students in West-Berlin

1969 – 1st launching of heavy N-1 rocket at Baikonur Kazachstan (explodes)

1970 – Jackson 5 make TV debut on “American Bandstand”

1970 – Pathet Lao conquerors Xieng Khuang & Muong Suy

1971 – Series of tornadoes cuts through Miss & La killing 117

1971 – The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna.

1972 – Richard Nixon becomes 1st US president to visit China

1973 – Israeli fighters shoot Libyan aircraft down, killing 108

1974 – Israeli forces leave western Suez

1974 – Silver hits record $5.96½ an ounce in London

1975 – John Mitchell, HR Haldeman & John D Ehrlichman sentenced to 2½-8 yrs

1979 – Japan launches Hakucho x-ray satellite & Corsa-B (550/580 km)

1979 – 2 Iowa girls HS basketball teams play 4 scoreless quarters game was won 4-2 in 4th overtime period

1980 – Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 1500m in 1:55.44

1980 – Hanni Wenzel is 1st Liechtensteiner to win Olymp gold (giant slalom)

1981 – “Yorkshire Ripper” Peter Sutcliffe, murderer of 13 women, captured

1981 – Japan launches Hinotori satellite to study solar flares (580/640 k)

1981 – NASA launches Comstar D-4

1985 – Evert van Benthem wins 13th Friese 11 city skateing race

1987 – Syrian army marches into Beirut

1988 – Televangelist Jimmy Swaggert confesses his sins to his congregation

1992 – Kristi Yamaguchi of US wins Olympic gold medal in women’s fig skating

1993 – Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.15 m)

1995 – RAF-pilot Jo Salter is 1st woman to fly in a tornado

1996 – Soyuz TM-23, launched into orbit

1997 – “Empire Strikes Back, special edition,” premieres

2004 – The first European political party organization, the European Greens, is established in Rome.

 

 

Births

1417 – Louis IX, Duke of Bayern (University of Ingolstadt)

1484 – Joachim I Nestor, elector (Brandenburg, Constitution)

1674 – Johann Augustin Kobelius, composer

1675 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)

1705 – Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (d. 1781)

1728 – Peter III, Kiel Germany, Russian tsar (1762)/husband of Catherine

1744 – Eise J Eisinga, Frisia, built planetarium Franeker

1794 – Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, president of Mexico (1833-36)

1800 – John Henry Winder, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865

1801 – John Henry Newman, England, cardinal/author (Dream of Gerontius)

1802 – George Douglas Ramsey, Bvt Major general (Union Army), died in 1882

1821 – Charles Scribner, US, music publisher (Scribner Catalog)

1829 – Johnson Hagood, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898

1867 – Otto Hermann Kahn, Banker, organized Metropolitan Opera Co

1875 – Jeanne Louise Calment, France, world’s oldest woman (died at 122)

1893 – Andres Segovia, Linares Spain, classical guitarist, (d. 1987)

1895 – Carl Peter Henrik Dam Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)

1902 – Arthur D Nock, English/US historian (St Paul)

1910 – Douglas R S Bader, British pilot (WW II)

1913 – Roger Laurent, Belgian racing driver (d. 1997)

1915 – Ann Sheridan, Denton Texas, actress (Dodge City, Another World)

1915 – Godfrey Brown, England, 4 X 400m runner (Olympic-gold-1936)

1922 – Murray “the K” Kaufman, NYC DJ (5th Beatle)

1924 – Robert Mugabe, president (Zimbabwe, 1988- )

1925 – Sam Peckinpah, Fresno CA, film director (Wild Bunch, Straw Dogs)

1927 – Erma Bombeck, Dayton Ohio, humorist (Grass is Always Greener…)

1927 – Hubert de Givenchy, Beauvais France, fashion designer (Audrey Hepburn)

1933 – Nina Simone, [Eunice Waymon], Tyron NC, vocalist/pianist (Porgy)

1934 – Rue McClanahan, Healdton Oklahoma, actress (Maude, Golden Girls)

1940 – Peter Gethin, British racing driver

1941 – Charlie Shelburne, English earl/large landowner

1943 – David Geffin, Brooklyn NY, record producer (Geffin, Asylum)

1943 – Duncan Swift, jazz pianist

1946 – Alan Rickman, actor (Robin Hood Prince of Thieves, Harry Potter)

1946 – Anthony Daniels, British actor (Star Wars – C-3PO)

1949 – Jerry Harrison, Milwaukee, rock keyboardist (Talking Heads)

1953 – Christine Ebersole, Park Forest Ill, actress (SNL, Valerie, Tootsie)

1953 – William L Petersen, actor (Return to Lonesome Dove)

1954 – Ivo van Damme, Belgium, 800/1500m dash (Olympic-silver-1976)

1958 – Jake Steinfeld, exercise expert (Body by Jake)

1958 – Mary-Chapin Carpenter, Princeton NJ, country vocalist (This Shirt)

1964 – Mark E Kelly, Orange NJ, Lt USN/astronaut

1964 – Scott J Kelly, Orange NJ, Lt USN/astronaut

1966 – Edie Boyer, St Paul Minn, discus thrower

1967 – Leroy Russel Burrell, Phila, long jumper (Olympics-96)

1969 – Petra Kronberger, Austrian alpine skiier (Olympic-gold-1992)

1974 – Wish Bone, American rapper, (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)

1975 – Scott Miller, Sydney NSW Australia, swimmer (Olympics-silver-96)

1977 – Kevin Rose, American television host and Internet entrepreneur

1979 – Jennifer Love Hewitt, actress (Sarah Reeves-Party of Five)

1982 – Bernhard Auinger, Austrian racing driver

1986 – Charlotte Church, Welsh singer

1987 – Ellen Page, Canadian actress

1987 – Ashley Greene, American model and actress

1989 – Corbin Bleu, American actor and singer

 

 

Deaths

556 – Maximianus van Ravenna, bishop (Basilica S Stefano), dies

1437 – King James I of Scotland dies at 42

1471 – John of Rokycan, Czech Catholic archbishop

1554 – Hieronymus Bock, German doctor (founder of modern botany), dies

1595 – Robert Southwell, English Jesuit/poet, hanged

1624 – Dirck van Baburen, Dutch painter (Sepulture), dies at about 28

1668 – John Thurloe, English Puritan spy (b. 1616)

1677 – [Benedictus] Baruch Spinoza, philosopher, dies at 44

1788 – Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (b. 1723)

1803 – Edward Despard, last person drawn & quartered in England

1864 – Jeffery Forrest, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle

1894 – Gustave Caillebotte, French shipbuilding designer/painter, dies at 45

1901 – George Francis FitzGerald, Irish mathematician (b. 1851)

1920 – Jacinta Marto, witness of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (b. 1910)

1926 – Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1913), dies at 72

1938 – George Ellery Hale, astronomer, dies

1941 – Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1891)

1944 – Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian-born race car driver (b. 1873)

1945 – Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (Olympic-gold 1924), dies at 43

1946 – José Streel, Belgian World War II collaborator (b. 1911)

1965 – Malcolm X, [Little], black Moslem leader, assassinated in NYC at 39

1968 – Howard Florey, pharmacologist/Pathologist, Nobel Prize Laureate, dies at 69

1969 – Jose de Capriles, Mexican-born US Olympic fencer, dies

1976 – Florence Ballard, rocker (Supremes), dies at 32

1982 – Murray the K, American impresario and disc jockey (b. 1922)

1986 – Shigechiyo Izumi, Japanese sugarcane farmer, once thought to be the world’s oldest man ever but now disputed (b. 1865)

1991 – Margot Fonteyn, ballerina (1st lady of British Ballet), dies at 71

1992 – Franc Holden, British astronomer (Binary Stars), dies

1993 – Ferrucci Lamborghini, car maker (Lamborghini), dies at 76

1995 – Robert Bolt, Brit playwright (Doctor Zhivago, Bounty), dies at 70

1996 – Horace Leonard Gold, sF writer/editor, dies at 81

1996 – Terence Edward Armstrong, polar geographer, dies at 75

1999 – Gertrude B. Elion, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1918)

2002 – Harold Furth, Austrian-born physicist (b. 1939)

2008 – Sunny Lowry, First British woman to swim the English Channel (b. 1911)

2011 – Bernard Nathanson, American abortionist turned pro-life activist (b. 1926)

2012 – Colin Ireland, British ‘Gay Slayer’ serial killer, dies at 57

2012 – Barney Rosset, American publisher and free speech advocate, dies at 89

2012 – Eiko Ishioka, Japanese Costume designer, dies from pancreatic cancer at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past*

 

 

* Please accept our apologies , those of you who have come to expect a more detailed , link-filled Uncurrent Events , but due to technical difficulties we are not able , at present , to include the usual embellishment of certain interesting events , births and deaths . Rest assured that the detailed version of UE that you have come to love will resume by the end of this coming weekend . Thank you for your patience .

 

 

Events

1472 – Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.

1525 – Swiss & German mercenaries desert Francois I’s army

1547 – King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII

1613 – Gerard Reynst appointed Dutch gov-gen of East-Indies

1653 – Defeat of Dutch fleet under Adm Van Tromp by Adm Blake off Portsmouth

1673 – 1st recorded wine auction held (London)

1725 – 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in NH for £100 a scalp bounty

1768 – 1st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn)

1792 – US postal service created, postage 6 cents – 12 cents depending on distance

1809 – Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state

1810 – Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon’s forces, executed.

1831 – Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow

1835 – Concepcion, Chile destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die

1839 – Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia

1846 – British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore

1856 – John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die

1861 – Dept of Navy of Confederacy forms

1864 – Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida

1865 – M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school

1872 – Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin

1872 – Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags

1872 – Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC)

1872 – Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine

1873 – University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF)

1877 – 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky

1895 – Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo

1917 – Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor, about 1,500 die

1919 – French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt

1921 – Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran

1941 – 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland

1942 – Lt E H O’Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers

1943 – New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer’s corn patch (Mexico)

1943 – American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.

1944 – Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers

1944 – US takes Eniwetok Island

1944 – World War II: The “Big Week” began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.

1947 – Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in LA

1947 – Lord Mountbatten appointed as last viceroy of India

1952 – “African Queen” opens at Capitol Theater in NYC

1952 – 1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford)

1953 – August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million

1958 – Jockey Eddie Arcaro rides his 4,000th winner

1959 – The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.

1960 – Jimi Hendrix, rock and roll guitarist, plays his first gig.

1962 – John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7)

1965 – Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data

1968 – State troopers used tear gas to stop demonstration at Alcorn A & M

1971 – General Idi Amin Dada appointed president of Uganda

1974 – Cher files for separation from husband Sonny Bono

1976 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands.

1983 – Japan launches Tenma satellite to study x-rays (450/570 km)

1985 – After defending his WBC flyweight championship, Sot Chitalada’s check for $104,000 is stolen by a ringside pickpocket

1987 – Bomb blamed on Unabomber explodes by computer store in Salt Lake City

1988 – 500 die in heavy rains in Rio de Janeiro Brazil

1988 – Andre Hoffmann skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)

1988 – Brian Boitano wins Olympic gold medal in figure skating

1988 – Peter Kalikow purchases NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million

1988 – Stefka Kostadinova high jumps indoor world record (2.06 m)

1989 – An IRA bomb destroys a section of a British Army barracks in Ternhill, England

1991 – A gigantic statue of Albania’s long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital, Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.

1992 – Ross Perot says he’ll run for President on Larry King Show

1994 – 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage

1998 – Tara Lipinski wins Olympic figure skating gold medal

1998 – US movie box office hits quickest $1 billion for year (51 days)

2002 – In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire on a train injures over 65 and kills at least 370.

2003 – During a Great White concert in West Warwick, Rhode Island, a pyrotechnics display sets the club ablaze, killing 100 and injuring over 300 others.

2012 – Scientists successfully regenerate Silene stenophylla from a 31,800 year old piece of fruit, greatly surpassing the previous record of 2,000 years

 

 

Births

1494 – Johan Friis, chancellor (Denmark, helped formed Lutheranism)

1507 – Gentile Bellini, Italian artist (Sultan Mohammed II)

1523 – Jan Blahoslav, Czech humanist/bishop (Bohemian brothers)

1632 – Thomas Osborne, Duke of Leeds, English PM (1690-94)/founder (Tories)

1753 – Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (d. 1815)

1757 – John ‘Mad Jack’ Fuller, English philanthropist (d. 1834)

1809 – Henry Walton Wessells, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1889

1820 – Mahlon Dickerson Manson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1827 – Edward Stuyvesant Bragg, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1912

1838 – James Barbour Terrill, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1844 – Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann, Austria, physicist (statistical mechanics)

1844 – Joshua Slocum, Canadian seaman and adventurer (d. 1909)

1848 – Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad executive (d. 1909)

1866 – Carl Westman, Swedish architect and designer (d. 1936)

1899 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, LI NY, founder (Pan Am Airways)

1901 – Henry Eyring, Mexican/US chemist

1901 – Louis I Kahn, Estonia, architect (Bryn Mawr dormitory) [or Dec 20]

1901 – René Jules Dubos, France, US microbiologist/author (Health & Disease)

1902 – Ansel Adams, photographer (1966 ASMP Award)

1903 – Ella Maillart, explorer

1903 – Pierre Charles, Belgian heavyweight boxer

1904 – Aleksei N Kosygin, Soviet premier (1964-80)

1908 – Grigori Yakovlevich Bakhchivangi, test pilot (BI-1)

1908 – Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix

1912 – Pierre Boulle, French author (d. 1994)

1916 – Jackie Gleason, Bkln NY, comedian (Ralph Kramden-Honeymooners)

1917 – Frederick Page, CEO (British Aerospace Aircraft Group)

1918 – Leonore Annenberg American Billionaire

1920 – Evgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (d. 1991)

1921 – Amanda Blake, [Beverly], Buffalo NY, actress (Kitty Russell-Gunsmoke)

1921 – Joseph Albert Walker, Wash DC, test pilot (X-15)

1924 – Gloria Vanderbilt, don’t my jeans look great (poor little rich girl)

1925 – Robert Altman, Kansas City MO, director (Nashville, M*A*S*H)

1926 – Kenneth H Olsen, US, engineer/founder (Digital Equipment Corp)

1926 – Robert Eugene Richards, Ill, pole vaulter (Olympic-gold-48, 52, 56)

1927 – Roy Cohn, lawyer, “grand inquisitor” (for Sen Joseph McCarthy)

1927 – Sidney Poitier, American actor

1930 – Patricia Smith, New Haven Ct, actress (Bob Newhart Show)

1934 – Bobby Unser, auto racer (1968, 75, 81 Indianapolis 500)

1936 – Larry Hovis, Wapito Wash, comedian (Gomer Pyle, Hogan’s Heroes)

1936 – Marj Dusay, [Mahoney], Russell Ks, actress (Kate-Bret Maverick)

1937 – Nancy Wilson, Chillicothe Ohio, jazz vocalist (Feel Like Making Love)

1937 – Robert Huber, Munich Germany, biochemist (Nobel 1988)

1937 – Roger Penske, auto racer

1941 – Buffy Sainte-Marie, Maine, folksinger (Now That the Buffalo Are Gone)

1943 – Aleksandr Pavlovich Alexandrov, Russian, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-9, TM-3)

1944 – Lew Soloff, Bkln NY, rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

1946 – J[erome] Geils, NYC, rock guitarist (J Geils Band-Centerfold)

1946 – Sandy Duncan, Henderson Tx, actress (Hogan Family)

1947 – Jennifer O’Neill, Rio de Janeiro Brazil, actress (Summer of ’42)

1948 – A C Fabian, astronomer

1948 – John Browne, group chief executive, British Petroleum Company

1949 – Ivana Trump, Gottwaldov Cz, ex-wife of Donald Trump (1st Wives Club)

1950 – John Voldstad, Oslo Norway, actor (Darryl-Newhart)

1950 – Walter Becker, NYC, rock bassist (Steely Dan-Peg)

1950 – Ken Shimura, Japanese performer and actor

1951 – Gordon Brown, Giffnock, Renfrewshire, Scotland, British Labour Prime Minister (2007–10)

1951 – Randy California, [Wolfe], Cal, guitarist (Spirit-I Got a Line on You)

1953 – Poison Ivy, American musician (The Cramps)

1954 – Jon Brant, rock bassist (Cheap Trick)

1954 – Patty Hearst Shaw, SF, famous kidnap hostage (Tanya)

1954 – Vasili Vasilyevich Tsibliyev, Rus col/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-17, TM-25)

1955 – Kelsey Grammer, Virgin Islands, actor (Fraiser Crane-Cheers/Fraiser)

1956 – Charlie Adler, American voice actor

1959 – Joel Rifkind, NY serial killer

1959 – Scott Evans Brayton, racing car driver

1960 – Joel Hodgson, American comedian (Mystery Science Theater 3000)

1960 – Kee Marcello, Swedish guitarist

1961 – Steve Lundquist, US swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-1984)

1963 – Charles Barkley, Leads Ab, NBA forward (Phoenix, Rockets, Oly-gold-96)

1963 – William Baldwin, NY, actor (Backdraft, Sliver, Flatliners)

1964 – French Stewart, NM, actor (Harry Solomon-Third Rock From the Sun)

1964 – Terry Ilous, rock vocalist (XYZ, Cannibal Jacket) [or Jun 28]

1966 – Cindy Crawford, Dekalb Ill, super model (Sports Illustrated Swimsuit)

1966 – Dennis Allen Mitchell, Cherry Point NC, 100m/200m (Olympics-silver-96)

1967 – Andrew Shue, actor (Melrose Place)

1967 – Kurt Cobain, rock vocalist (Nirvana)/husband of Courtney Love

1967 – Lili Taylor, actress (Ransom, Short Cuts)

1967 – Theresa Luke, Vancouver BC, rower (Olympics-96)

1971 – Shalanda Burt, US murderess

1971 – Shawn McKenzie, American programmer

1977 – Sarah Ryan, Adelaide SA Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96)

1977 – T.J. Slaughter, American football player

1977 – Amal Hijazi, Lebanese singer and model

1978 – Jakki Degg, English glamour model/actress

1985 – Yulia Volkova, Russian singer (t.A.T.u.)

1988 – Rihanna, Barbadian singer

 

 

Deaths

702 – K’inich Kan B’alam II, king of the Maya state of Palenque (b. 635)

1054 – Yaroslav I, the Wise, ruler (Kiev), dies

1154 – Saint Wulfric of Haselbury Plucknett

1171 – Conan IV, Duke of Brittany (b. 1138)

1194 – Tancredo of Lecce, King of Sicily, dies

1258 – Al-Musta’sim, last Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad

1408 – Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, English statesman (b. 1342)

1524 – Tecún Umán, last leader of the Quiché-Maya

1579 – Nicholas Bacon, English politician (b. 1509)

1618 – Philip William, Prince of Orange (b. 1554)

1626 – John Dowland, composer, dies

1707 – Aurangzeb, Mogul emperor of India (1658-1707), dies

1762 – Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (b. 1723)

1771 – Jean Jacques d’Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist (b. 1678)

1806 – Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725)

1810 – Andreas Hofer, milt leader (fought Napoleon’s France), executed at 42

1860 – Henry Drummond, English banker/religious leader, dies at 69

1892 – Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Law of Kopp), dies at 74

1893 – P.G.T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (b. 1818)

1895 – Frederick Douglass, escaped slave, anti-slavery leader, dies at 77

1905 – Jeremiah W. Farnham, American merchant captain

1907 – Henri Moissan [Ferdinand-Frederic-], chemist (Nobel 1906), dies at 54

1920 – Robert E Peary, US pole explorer (North Pole, 6/4/1909), dies at 63

1936 – Max Schreck, German actor (b. 1879)

1960 – Leonard Woolley, archaeologist, dies

1966 – Chester W Nimitz, US admiral (WW II), dies at 80

1970 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (b. 1885)

1972 – Walter Winchell, writer/actor (Dondi, Love & Hisses), dies at 74

1975 – Edgar “Cookie” Fairchild, bandleader (Jerry Colonna Show), dies at 76

1980 – Alice Longworth Roosevelt, youngest daughter of Theodore, dies at 96

1983 – James G Richardson, (Tim Cassidy-Sierra), dies at 37 in ski accident

1983 – Ray Vitte, actor (Doc, Cody-Quest), killed by police at 33

1985 – Clarence Nash, voice (Donald Duck), dies at 80 of leukemia, in Calif

1992 – Dick York, actor (Bewitched), dies of emphysema at 63

1993 – Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian auto-designer (Miura), dies

1999 – Gene Siskel, American film critic (b. 1946)

2003 – Ty Longley, American guitarist (Great White) (b. 1971)

2005 – Sandra Dee, American actress (b. 1944)

2005 – John Raitt, American actor (b. 1917)

2005 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (b. 1937)

2005 – Pam Bricker, American jazz singer and Thievery Corporation vocalist (b. 1954)

2006 – Curt Gowdy, American sportscaster (b. 1919)

2007 – F. Albert Cotton, American chemist (b. 1930)

2009 – Larry H. Miller, American businessman and owner of the Utah Jazz (b. 1944)

2010 – Alexander Haig, American soldier and politician (b. 1924)

2012 – Renato Dulbecco, Italian-born American virologist and Nobel laureate, dies at 97

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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