Tag Archive: Articles of Confederation


 

 

 

 

Celebrate The Signing Of The Greatest Political Document In History

 

 

 

 

 

The United States Constitution

 

 

 

” Constitution Day commemorates the formation and signing of the U.S. Constitution by thirty-nine brave men on September 17, 1787, recognizing all who, are born in the U.S. or by naturalization, have become citizens.

George WashingtonGeorge Washington
was the commander of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War and served as the first President of the United States of America. Read More

Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
was a noted polymath, leading author and printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. Read More

Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton
was the first United States Secretary of the Treasury, a Founding Father, economist, political philosopher and led calls for the Philadelphia Convention. Read More

Celebrate the Birthday of Our United States of America Government

 

  On September 17, 1787, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention met for the last time to sign the document they had created. We encourage all Americans to observe this important day in our nation’s history by attending local events in your area. Celebrate Constitution Day through activities, learning, parades and demonstrations of our Love for the United State of America and the Blessings of Freedom Our Founding Fathers secured for us.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These are the courageous individuals that gave us our liberty 

 

    For much more on our founding document and the celebrations taking place around the country go here and check out these other links:

 

Constitution Day Celebration 2014

Constitution Day 2014 – Hillsdale College

Constitution Day – Wikipedia

Constitution Day 2014 – The Constitution Project

Of The People: Constitution Day 2014

    In honor of the signing , the Washington Times has released a Constitution app for your smartphones and tablets .  Get yours today .

 

” The app can be accessed via any modern Web browser at Constitution.WashingtonTimes.com or downloaded on Android-powered devices from the Google Play store. It is expected to be in the Apple store later this month.

  Included are copies of the Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and selections from the Federalist Papers. The app also has a fully annotated lesson plan from Essentials in Education that helps teachers, parents and others share valuable lessons about the founding documents of the United States.

  Prominent Americans have contributed essays celebrating the Constitution and its essential role today. The many guest writers include Reagan administration Attorney General Edwin Meese; Ray Smock, director of the Robert C. Byrd Center for Legislative Studies; retired neurosurgeon and author Ben Carson; former U.S. Appeals Court Judge Patricia Wald; radio show host and Reagan Justice Department official Mark Levin; former New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg; and Princeton University constitutional scholar Robert P. George.”

 

 

The Washington Times' Pocket Constitution App, developed with the Essentials in Education, is making its debut on the 10th anniversary of Constitution Day.

 

 

 

   The app comes with a $4.99 price tag , but what is worth more ? The Founding documents at your fingertips or another Starbucks Grande ? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Constitution Of The United States

 

 

Constitution of The United States and Principles of Constitutional Analysis Book Cover

 

 

 

” The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America.

The first three Articles of the Constitution establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President; and a federal judiciary headed by the Supreme Court. The last four Articles frame the principle of federalism. The Tenth Amendment confirms its federal characteristics.

The Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787, by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and ratified by conventions in eleven states. It went into effect on March 4, 1789.[2] The first ten constitutional amendments ratified by three-fourths of the states in 1791 are known as the Bill of Rights. The Constitution has been amended seventeen additional times (for a total of 27 amendments) and its principles are applied in courts of law.

This guide contains the Constitution, Bill of Rights, Additional Amendments and an explanation of the principles of Constitutional interpretation.

 

To download the Constitution of the United States for future reading please right mouse click, then click save to download – The-Constitution-of-the-United-States 

 

 

 

Nullification: An Overview of its Many Forms

 

 

In The United States, there is NO entity vested with absolute power. The Supremacy Clause does not mean that states are bound by any law that the Congress wants to pass, as simple-minded pop-culture voices imply. It means that states are bound to the principles of The Constitution and the enumerated powers of the federal government. “

 

 

 

” In the nullification movement, there are varying degrees and methods of nullifying certain federal acts.  One who has been with the movement a while could forget and hyper focus on one, leaving someone new to the movement to think of nullification as a very narrow spectrum.

To eliminate that thinking, it is good to go back to the Tenth Amendment Center’s definition of nullification, which is: “any act, or set of actions, that results in a particular law being declared unconstitutional and rendered null, void or even just unenforceable…”

There are so many opinions on nullification, if I listed every article and opinion piece written on it in the past week, I’d probably be finished with this entry sometime around next Christmas.  This is not a bad thing.  If others are talking about it, it means the message is being heard and cannot be ignored.

This is intended to be a general review, so while there is a time for everything under the sun, there is no time to include links and sources today, just a quick refresher.  There is, however, a time when a certain forms of nullification may be more applicable than others.

 

LEGISLATIVE NULLIFICATION

The most commonly discussed type of nullification at the Tenth Amendment Center is legislative nullification.  This is when a State or local government passes a law refusing to comply with a federal action.  In the most forceful cases, this even includes arrest and jail time for federal agents attempting to enforce said federal act.

On the other end of the spectrum, we have nonbinding resolutions warning the federal government that a certain act is unconstitutional and/or unjust, much like a cease and desist letter.  While not outright nullification, these resolutions “till the soil” so to speak, setting the stage for future action.

Legislative nullification can be very useful when used at the right time, such as opposing REAL ID, but can also be abused in rare cases, such as during the period of segregation (more about combating that later).  The stronger bills, which would fall under the category of interposition, could lead to armed conflicts between state and federal officials, so courage and prudence should be carefully balanced when deciding how far a nullification bill should go.
Too little, and the legislature will either wind up having to draft a bill for stronger measures.  Too much, and conflict gets created where it needn’t be.

 

 

Other Types Of Nullification Explored In The Article Include :

 

EXECUTIVE NULLIFICATION

SHERIFF NULLIFICATION

JURY NULLIFICATION

INDIVIDUAL/GROUP NULLIFICATION

 

 

 

Read The Whole Thing . We Have Some Alternatives Besides The Sword . Familiarize Yourself With Our Legal System As We Prepare To Do Battle To Save Our Beloved Constitution .

 

 

 

A BROADER DISCUSSION

When we open our thought processes, and we allow for a broader discussion of nullification, it’s easy to see we don’t just have one hammer with which to try to fix every problem in our broken system.  We have a massive toolkit at our disposal, with a movement consisting of individuals and groups with a very general surface knowledge, specialists in specific areas, and people who have an in depth knowledge of many or all areas of nullification.

The vehicle of liberty is broken and waiting in the shop.  Let’s get everyone working on it, perhaps in different ways, but with the same goal in mind, complete and total restoration.”

 

 

For Further Enlightenment :

What is Nullification?

 

” What Is It?  State nullification is the idea that the states can and must refuse to enforce unconstitutional federal laws.

Says Who?  Says Thomas Jefferson, among other distinguished Americans. His draft of the Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 first introduced the word “nullification” into American political life, and follow-up resolutions in 1799 employed Jefferson’s formulation that “nullification…is the rightful remedy” when the federal government reaches beyond its constitutional powers. In the Virginia Resolutions of 1798, James Madison said the states were “duty bound to resist” when the federal government violated the Constitution.

But Jefferson didn’t invent the idea. Federalist supporters of the Constitution at the Virginia ratifying convention of 1788 assured Virginians that they would be “exonerated” should the federal government attempt to impose “any supplementary condition” upon them – in other words, if it tried to exercise a power over and above the ones the states had delegated to it. Patrick Henry and later Jefferson himself elaborated on these safeguards that Virginians had been assured of at their ratifying convention.

What’s the Argument for It?  Here’s an extremely basic summary:

1) The states preceded the Union.  The Declaration of Independence speaks of “free and independent states” that “have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do.”  The British acknowledged the independence not of a single blob, but of 13 states, which they proceeded to list one by one. Article II of the Articles of Confederation says the states “retain their sovereignty, freedom, and independence”; they must have enjoyed that sovereignty in the past in order for them to “retain” it in 1781 when the Articles were officially adopted. “

 

 

Nullification Documentary Wins Anthem Film Festival Award At FreedomFest

 

 

Nullification: The Rightful Remedy

 

Nullification, A Constitutional History, 1776-1833

 

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