Tag Archive: Births


Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

44 BC – Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.

44 BC – The first of Cicero’s Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.

31 BC – Final war of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium – off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.

911 – Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines

1192 – Sultan Saladin & king Richard the lion hearted sign cease fire

1666 – Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed

1789 – US Treasury Department established by Congress

1864 – Union General William T Sherman captures and burns Atlanta

1894 – Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die

1898 – Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain

1898 – Machine gun 1st used in battle

1901 – VP Theodore Roosevelt advises, “Speak softly & carry a big stick”

1930 – 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)

1935 – A hurricane slams Florida Keys killing 423

1944 – During WW II, George Bush ejects from a burning plane

1944 – Holocaust diarist Anne Frank was sent to Auschwitz

1945 – V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri (WW II ends)

1969 – The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.

1998 – The UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.

 

 

 

 

Births

1548 – Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (d. 1616)

1716 – Johann Trier, composer

1778 – Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (d. 1846)

1850 – Albert Spaulding, baseball player/founded Spaulding sports company

1914 – Booker T Laury, blues pianist/vocalist

1917 – Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian guitarist (developed bossa nova)

1936 – Andrew Grove, American computer chip manufacturer

1940 – Jimmy Clanton, Baton Rogue, La, rock vocalist (Just a Dream)

1946 – Billy Preston, Houston, Texas, American soul musician/singer and pianist, 5th Beatle (David Brenner Show)

1948 – Terry Bradshaw, NFL QB (Pittsburgh Steelers)/announcer (CBS, FOX)

1951 – Jim DeMint, American politician

1964 – Keanu Reeves, Beirut, actor (Bill & Ted’s Excellent Adventure, Speed)

1966 – Salma Hayek, Veracruz, Mexico, actress (Desparado)

1990 – Marcus Ericsson, Swedish Racing Driver

 

 

 

 

Deaths

490 BC – Pheidippides, Greek hero

1274 – Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (b. 1242)

1547 – Hernan Cortes, Spanish general defeated Aztec Indians

1834 – Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)

 

 

 

1964 – Alvin YorkAmerican soldier (b. 1887)

 

 

Sgt. Alvin Cullum York

The Home of Alvin C. York (Part 1)

The Home of Alvin C. York (Part 2)

The Home of Alvin C. York (Part 3)

Burial Site of Sgt. Alvin C. York Pall Mall, Tennessee

Sergeant York

 

 

 

1973 – John R R Tolkien, British story writer (Hobbit), dies of ulcer at 81

1992 – Barbara McClintock, US, geneticist (Nobel 1983), dies at 90

2005 – Bob Denver, American actor (b. 1935)

2008 – Bill Meléndez, American character animator (b. 1916)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

479 BC – Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan commander of the Greek army in the Battle of Plataea. Along the with the Greek victory on the same day in the Battle of Mycale, the Persian invasion of Greece is halted.

1585 – Duke van Parma’s troops occupy Antwerp

1667 – Earliest recorded hurricane in US (Jamestown Virginia)

1776 – British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island

1859 – 1st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Penn by Edwin Drake

1881 – Hurricane hits Florida & Carolinas; about 700 die

1883 – Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people

1900 – Battle at Bergendal: Gen Buller beats Boer general Botha

1913 – Lt Peter Nestrov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)

1928 – 16 die in a NYC subway’s 2nd worst accident

1928 – Kellogg-Briand Pact, where 60 nations agree to outlaw war

1937 – George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH

1939 – Erich Warsitz makes 1st jet-propelled flight (in a Heinkel He-178)

1955 – “Guinness Book of World Records” 1st published

1979 – 18 British militia die in ambush/bomb attack in Northern Ireland

1982 – Rickey Henderson steals 119th base of season breaks Lou Brock’s mark

2008 – Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be nominated by a major political party for President of the United States

 

 

 

 

Births

1407 – Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (d. 1425)

1770 – Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher/inventor (dialectic)

 

 

 

1839 – Emory Upton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1881

 

 

 

 

 

 

1871 – Theodore Dreiser, US, novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy)

1874 – Karl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931)

1877 – Charles Stewart Rolls, British auto manufacturer (Rolls-Royce Ltd)

1882 – Samuel Goldwyn, [Gelbfisch], film magnate (MGM)

1899 – Cecil Scott Forester, Engld, historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower)

1904 – John Hay Whitney, American financier (d. 1982)

1908 – Lyndon B Johnson, Stonewall Tx, (D) 36th Pres (1963-1969), (d. 1973)

1952 – Pee-wee Herman, [Paul Reubens], NY, actor (Pee-wee’s Big Adventure)

1953 – Alex Lifeson, Toronto Canada, rock guitarist (Rush)

1954 – Derek Warwick, race car driver

1959 – Gerhard Berger, formula-1 racer (Italian Grand Prix-1988)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1394 – Chokei, Emperor of Japan (b. 1343)

1576 – Titian, [Tiziano Vecelli], Italian painter, dies of plague

1773 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (b. 1721)

1948 – Charles Evans Hughes, U.S. Supreme Court justice (b. 1862)

1964 – Gracie Allen, actress (Burns & Allen), dies at 62

1965 – Le Corbusier, [Charles Jeanneret], Swiss/French architect, dies at 77

1971 – Bennett Cerf, (Random House)/panelist (What’s My Line), dies at 73

1971 – Margaret Bourke-White, US photographer, dies at 67

1979 – Louis Mountbatten, British adm of the Fleet, assassinated by IRA

 

 

 

1990 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, blues guitarist, dies in a helicopter crash at 35

 

Pride And Joy

Texas Flood 

COULDN’T STAND THE WEATHER

Crossfire

Sweet Home Chicago with Eric Clapton, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Buddy Guy, Jimmie Vaughan, Robert Cray

Why I Sing the Blues with BB King , Eric Clapton , Albert King , Etta James , Dr John , Paul Butterfield, Phil Collins, Chaka Khan, Gladys Knight, Billy Ocean

A Tribute to Stevie Ray Vaughan

Albert King & Stevie Ray Vaughan — In Session 1983

Live at the El Mocambo 1983

Honolulu 1984

Today In The Past 

 

 

 

Events

1071 – Battle of Manzikert, Byzantine Armenia (modern Malazgirt, Turkey). Fought between Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks.

 

 

 

1346 – Battle at Crécy-England’s longbows defeat France, cannons used for 1st time in battle

 

Battle of Crécy

 

 

 

1498 – Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà.

1541 – Turkish sultan Suleiman occupies Buda/annexes Hungary

1748 – The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1839 – The ship Amistad is captured off Long Island.

1843 – Charles Thurber patents a typewriter

1907 – Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 sec

 

 

 

 

1946 – George Orwell published “Animal Farm”

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – LBJ nominated at Democratic convention in Atlantic City, NJ

1972 – 20th Olympic games open at Munich German FR

1989 – Trumbull Conn, is 1st US team since 1983 to win Little League WS

1996 – Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law, representing major shift in US welfare policy

 

 

 

 

Births

1676 – Robert Walpole, (Whig) British PM (1721-42) 

1740 – Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, France, aeronaut (ballooning)

1845 – Mary Ann Nichols, English victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)

1898 – Peggy Guggenheim, art patron & collector

1901 – Gen Maxwell D Taylor, former US Army chief of staff

1903 – Jimmy Rushing, US blues singer

1906 – Albert B Sabin, Russia, US microbiologist (oral polio vaccine)

1910 – Mother Teresa, [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Yugoslavia (Nobel Peace Prize 1979)

1960 – Branford Marsalis, jazz saxophonist (Bring on the Night, Tonight Show)

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

1346 – Jan de Blinde, King of Bohemia/count of Luxemburg, dies in battle

1346 – Charles II of Alençon, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1297)

1346 – Rudolph, Duke of Lorraine, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1320)

1850 – Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1773)

1865 – Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73

1910 – William James, American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1842)

1930 – Lon Chaney, actor (Thunder, Big City, Unholy 3), dies at 47

1968 – Kay Francis, actress (Charley’s Aunt, Play Girl), dies of cancer at 65

1974 – Charles Lindbergh, aviator, dies at 72

 

 

 

1980 – Tex Avery, American cartoonist (b. 1908)

 

A Wild Hare

What’s Buzzin’ Buzzard

Dixieland Droopy

The Chump Champ

Ventriloquist Cat

Red hot riding hood

Oh Wolfy 

 

 

 

1986 – Jennifer Levin, strangled by Robert Chambers in Central Park

1986 – Ted Knight, [Tadeus Konopka], actor (Mary Tyler Moore), dies at 62

2004 – Laura Branigan, American singer (b. 1957)

2009 – Dominick Dunne, American writer, Vanity Fair correspondent (b. 1925)

2011 – John McAleese, British SAS Trooper, Team leader during 1980 Iranian Embassy Siege (b. 1949)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past 

 

 

 

Events

49 BC – Julius Caesar’s general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. Curio commits suicide to avoid capture.

79 – Mt Vesuvius erupts, buries Pompeii & Herculaneum, 15,000 die

410 – Rome overrun by Visigoths, symbolized fall of Western Roman Empire

1215 – Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid

1456 – The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed.

1516 – Battle at Aleppo: Turks beat Syria

1704 – Sea battle at Malaga

1814 – British forces captured Washington, DC, & burned down many landmarks

1853 – 1st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs NY)

1891 – Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera

1904 – Field battle at Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian

1909 – Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal

1932 – 1st transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart

1960 – -127°F (-88°C), Vostok, Antarctica (world record)

1970 – Bomb kills 1 at U of Wisconsin’s Army Math Research Center in Madison

1981 – Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 yrs to life for Lennon’s murder

1989 – Pete Rose is suspended from baseball for life for gambling

1992 – Hurricane Andrew hits South Florida; 35 die

1994 – Israel & PLO initialed accord giving autonomy to Palestinians in West Bank in education, health, taxation, social welfare & tourism

1995 – Fire that wipes 6,000 acres begins in Hamptons on Long Island

2006 – The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines the term “planet” such that Pluto is considered a Dwarf Planet.

 

 

 

 

Births

1113 – Geoffrey Plantagenet, France, conquered Normandy

1759 – William Wilberforce, British politician, philanthropist and leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade

1787 – James Weddell, Ostend England, Antarctic explorer (Weddell Sea)

1817 – Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1875)

1872 – Max Beerbohm, England, caricaturist/writer/wit (Saturday Review)

1886 – William Francis Gibbs, naval architect, designed Liberty ships

 

 

 

1905 – Arthur Crudup, American singer and guitarist (d. 1974)

 

 

Born into the Blues

So Glad You’re Mine

That’s All Right- with Elvis Presley

 

 

 

 

 

1915 – Wynonie Harris,  the first rocker

 

 

Don’t Roll Those Bloodshot Eyes At Me

Lovin’ Machine

Keep On Churnin’ (Til The Butter Come)

Good Morning Judge

 

 

 

 

1927 – Harry Markowitz, American economist, Nobel laureate

1951 – Orson Scott Card, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Nebula, Ender’s War)

1960 – Cal Ripken, Havre de Grace Maryland, shortstop (Balt Orioles, game streak)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

79 – Pliny the Elder, Roman writer and naturalist (b. 23)

1217 – Eustace “the Monk”, French buccaneer, dies in battle

1595 – Thomas Digges, English astronomer (Universe Infinite), dies

1680 – Thomas Blood, Irish-born thief of the British crown jewels (b. 1618)

1967 – Henry J Kaiser, industrialist (Boulder Dam, Liberty ship), dies at 85

1975 – Charles H Revson, US cosmetic magnate, dies at 69

 

 

 

1978 – Louis Prima, American singer, dies at 67

 

 Jungle Book

Banana Split for My Baby

That Old Black Magic with Keely Smith

Just a Gigolo & I Ain’t Go Nobody

Buona Sera Signorina

Medley – When you´re smilin, Zooma Zooma, Oh Marie

 

 

 

 

1991 – Bernard Castro, patented convertible couch, dies at 87

1998 – E.G. Marshall, American actor (b. 1910)

2001 – Jane Greer, American actress (b. 1924)

2004 – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

682 – St Leo II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1180 – Yoritomo Minamoto leads uprising against Kiyomori Taira who installed his grandson, Emperor Antoku, to the throne

1498 – Cardinal Borgia renounced his vows & office to marry a French princess

1577 – Peace of Bergerac: Political rights for Huguenots

1590 – John White returns to Roanoke, Virginia to find no trace of colonist’s he had left there 3 yrs earlier [or Aug 18, 1591]

1787 – Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups

1807 – Robert Fulton’s steamboat Clermont begins 1st trip up Hudson River

1835 – Solymon Merrick patents wrench

1863 – Federal batteries & ships attacked Fort Sumter in SC

1869 – 1st international boat race (Thames River, Oxford beats Harvard)

1870 – 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington

1891 – Electric self-starter for automobile patented

1903 – Joe Pulitzer donated $1 million to Columbia U & begins Pulitzer Prizes

1908 – Projection in Paris of the very first cartoon, Fantasmagorie realized by Émile Cohl.

1915 – Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Ga after death sentence for murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life

1918 – Samuel Riddle buys Man o’War for $5,000

1942 – 1st European bombing run undertaken by US forces

1943 – 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde

1945 – Koreas divided on 38th parallel with US occupying the southern area

1957 – Richie Ashburn, fouls hit fan Alice Roth twice in same at bat 1st one breaks her nose, 2nd one hits her while she is on the stretcher

1958 – World’s 1st Moon probe, US’s Thor-Able, explodes at T +77 sec

1960 – Francis Gary Powers U-2 spy trial opens in Moscow

1978 – 1st successful crossing of the Atlantic by balloon (3 Americans)

 

 

 

1979 – Monty Python’s “Life of Brian” premieres

 

Monty Python's Life of Brian

The People’s Front

What have the Romans ever done for us

Biggus Dickus

Stoning

 

 

 

1980 – Azaria Chamberlain disappears, likely taken by a dingo, leading to what was then the most publicised trial in Australian history

1987 – Dow Jones Industrial Avg closes above 2,700 for 1st time (2,700.57)

1996 – Soyuz TM-24, launched into orbit

1998 – Monica Lewinsky scandal: US President Bill Clinton admits in taped testimony that he had an “improper physical relationship” with White House intern Monica Lewinsky. On the same day he admits before the nation that he “misled people” about his relationship.

2005 – The first forced evacuation of settlers, as part of the Israel unilateral disengagement plan, starts.

 

 

 

Births

1607 – Pierre de Fermat, mathematician who needed wider margins (Fermat’s Last Theorem) [or 1608]

1786 – Davy Crockett, Greene County, Tennessee, frontiersman/adventurer/politician (Alamo), (d. 1836)

1851 – Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist/evangelist

1870 – Frederick Russell, developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine

1873 – John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (d. 1946)

1882 – Samuel Goldwyn, [Goldfish], movie producer (MGM)

1893 – Mae West, New York, actress (She Dine him Wrong), (d. 1980)

 

 

 

1896 – Leslie Groves, American military engineer (d. 1970)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1905 – John Hay Whitney, publisher (NY Herald Trib 1961-67)

 

 

 

1921 – Maureen O’Hara, [Fitzsimmons], Dublin, actress (Miracle on 34th St)

 

Quiet Man Country 1

The Quiet Man (1952)The Kiss

 

 

 

 

1929 – Francis Gary Powers, US spy (USSR captures him in 1959 U-2 incident)

 

 

 

 

 

1939 – Luther Allison, Mayflower Ark, rock guitarist (Bad News is Coming)

1943 – Robert De Niro, NYC, actor (Bang the Drum Slowly, Taxi Driver)

1952 – Nelson Piquet, auto racer, 3-time Formula One champ (1981, ’83, ’87)

 

 

 

1959 – David Koresh, American cult leader (d. 1993)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – Jorge Posada, Puerto Rican baseball player

1983 – Dustin Pedroia, American baseball player

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1304 – Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (b. 1243)

1553 – Charles III, Duke of Savoy, dies

1785 – Jonathan Trumbull, US patriot, dies

1865 – Mosby Munroe Parsons, US Confederate gen-maj, dies in battle

1896 – Bridget Driscoll, 1st Brit to die in an auto-accident

1973 – Paul Williams, rocker (Temptations), commits suicide at 32

 

 

 

1979 – Vivian Vance, actress (Ethel Mertz-I Love Lucy), dies of cancer at 67

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – Ira Gershwin, lyricist, dies in Beverly Hills at 86

 

Ella Fitzgerald sings Ira – “Summertime” (TV Special 1968)

 

 

 

1990 – Pearl Bailey, actress (Landlord)/singer, dies of heart attack at 72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

927 – The Saracens conquer and destroy Taranto.

1040 – King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scotland.

1461 – The Empire of Trebizond surrenders to the forces of Sultan Mehmet II. This is regarded by some historians as the real end of the Byzantine Empire. Emperor David is exiled and later murdered.

1519 – Panama City founded

1549 – Portuguese missionaries Franciscus Xaverius lands in Kagoshima Japan

1620 – Mayflower sets sail from Southampton with 102 Pilgrims

1635 – 1st recorded US hurricane hit the Plymouth Colony

1760 – Battle at Leignitz: Prussia beats Austria & Russia

1863 – Submarine “HL Hunley” arrives in Charleston on railroad cars

1870 – Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado

1914 – Panama Canal opens (under cost)

1914 – A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the architect’s Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground.

1945 – World War II: Korean Liberation Day.

1957 – USAF Capt Joe B Jordan reaches 31,513 m in F-104 jet fighter

1965 – Beatles play to 55,000 at Shea Stadium

 

 

 

1969 – Woodstock Music & Art Fair opens in NY State (Max Yasgur’s Dairy Farm)

 

 

 Ten Years After – I’m Going Home(Woodstock 1969 Concert)

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – At 4PM LILCO consumers used a record 3,813 megawatts

1989 – US Venus probe Magellan launched from Space shuttle

1991 – 750,000 attend Paul Simon’s free concert in Central Park

 

 

 

 

Births

1195 – Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint (d. 1231)

1717 – Blind Jack, English roadbuilder (d. 1810)

1769 – Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsica, resident of Elba (emperor of France 1804-13, 1814-15), (d. 1821)

1771 – Walter Scott, Scotland, novelist/poet (Lady of Lake)

1875 – Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, London, composer (Hiawatha’s Wedding Feast)

1879 – Ethel Barrymore, Phila, actress (Constant Wife, Corn is Green)

 

 

 

1888 – T E Lawrence Tremadoc , Wales, soldier/writer , [Lawrence of Arabia]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – Julia Child, Pasadena California, chef (French Chef)

1924 – Phyllis Schlafly, St Louis, right-winger/Eagle Forum president

1925 – Rose Marie, actress/comedienne (Sally Rogers-Dick Van Dyke Show)

1946 – Jimmy Webb, Elk City Oklahoma, songwriter (MacArthur Park, Up Up & Away)

1979 – Carl Edwards, American NASCAR driver

1989 – Joe Jonas, American singer (Jonas Brothers)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

69 – Servius Sulpicius Galba, 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), murdered

778 – Roland, Frankish commander

1057 – Macbeth, King of Scotland, slain by son of King Duncan

1935 – Wiley Post, aviation pioneer, killed in plane crash in Alaska at 36

 

 

 

1935 – Will Rogers, humorist, killed in plane crash in Alaska at 55

 

 

The Official Will Rogers Website

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – Blind Willie McTell, American ragtime singer and guitarist (b. 1901)

 

 

 BLIND WILLIE MCTELL . ” Southern Can Is Mine ” (1931)

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter, dies at 68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1248 – Construction of Cologne Cathedral begun

1281 – Kublai Khans invading fleet disappears in typhoon near Japan

1457 – Oldest known exactly dated printed book (c 3 years after Gutenberg)

1756 – French capture Fort Oswego, NY

1765 – Mass colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)

1813 – British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus

1820 – 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC

1824 – General Lafayette returns to US

1862 – Lincoln receives 1st group of blacks to confer with US president

1873 – “Field & Stream” begins publishing

1893 – France issues 1st driving licenses, included required test

1900 – 2,000 marines land to capture Beijing, ending Boxer rebellion

1912 – 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925

1932 – Philips makes 1 millionth radio

1935 – Social Security Act becomes law

1936 – Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States.

1942 – Dwight D Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa

1945 – V-J Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

1947 – India granted independence within British Commonwealth

1962 – NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 60,000 m

1966 – 1st US lunar orbiter begins orbiting Moon

1974 – Congress authorizes US citizens to own gold

1980 – 17,000 workers strike in Gdansk, Poland

1980 – Democratic Convention in NYC nominates Jimmy Carter & Walter Mondale

1984 – IBM releases PC DOS version 3.0

1994 – Space telescope Hubble photographs Uranus with rings

1994 – Terrorist “Carlos” arrested in Khartoum Sudan

1997 – Oklahoma Court of Appeals upholds death sentence of Timothy McVeigh

2003 – Widescale power blackout in the northeast United States and Canada.

 

 

 

 

Births

1297 – Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Japan (d. 1348)

1586 – William Hutchinson, Rhode Island colonist (d. 1642)

1688 – Frederik Willem I, king of Prussia (bodyguard of giants)

1737 – Charles Hutton, mathematician

1742 – Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris)

1821 – Clement Hoffman “Rock” Stevens, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1851 – Doc Holliday, American gambler and dentist (d. 1887)

1867 – John Galsworthy, England, author (Forsyte Saga-Nobel 1932)

1903 – John Ringling North, circus director (Ringling Bros)

1916 – Wellington Mara, Co-Owner of the New York Giants (d. 2005)

1926 – Buddy Greco, Phila Pa, jazz singer (Away We Go, Broadway Open House)

1930 – Earl Weaver, St Louis Mo, manager (Balt Orioles 1968-82, 85-86)

1933 – Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist and Nobel Prize Laureate

1947 – Daniele Steel, NYC, author (Rememberance, Zoya, Star, Daddy)

1948 – Terry Adams, American musician (NRBQ)

 

 

 

1950 – Gary Larson, Tacoma, Washington, cartoonist (Far Side)

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Mark C Lee, Viroqua WI, Mjr USAF/astronaut (STS 30, 47, 64, 82,sk: 98)

1956 – Rusty Wallace, American race car driver

1965 – Emmanuelle Seigner, Paris France, actress (The Smile)

1966 – Halle Berry, American actress

1987 – Tim Tebow, American football player

 

 

 

 

Deaths

582 – Tiberius II Constantine, Byzantine Emperor

1573 – Saitō Tatsuoki, Japanese warlord (b. 1548)

1691 – Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnel, Irish rebel (b. 1630)

1704 – Roland Laporte, French Protestant leader (b. 1675)

1870 – David [James] Glasgow Farragut, admiral, dies

1951 – William Randolph Hearst, newspaper publisher, dies in Beverly Hills

 

 

 

1958 – Big Bill Broonzy, Bluesman, dies of cancer at 65

 

 Click link below for video of Big Bill performing .

 

 

The great country blues singer and guitarist Big Bill Broonzy performs “Worried Man Blues,” “Hey, Hey” 

See also our “Happy Birthday” post of June 26th for a tribute to Big Bill .

 

 

 

 

1988 – Roy Buchanan, American Blues guitarist (b. 1939)

 

 Roy Buchanan – Live from Austin Texas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1992 – Tony Williams, US, singer (Platters-Great Pretender), dies at 64

1999 – Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player (b. 1918)

2000 – Alain Fournier, French-born computer graphics researcher (b. 1943)

2005 – Coo Coo Marlin, American race car driver (b. 1932)

Today In The Past

 

Events

1415 – King Henry V of England army lands on mouth of Seine River

1521 – Spanish conquerors Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) from Aztecs

1624 – Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII

1792 – Revolutionaries imprison French royals including Marie Antoinette

1889 – William Gray patents coin-operated telephone

1898 – US forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-Amer war

1913 – Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.

1919 – Man o’War’s only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)

1937 – Japanese attack Shanghai

1944 – Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio

1945 – 35 Jews sacrifice their lives to blow up Nazi rubber plant in Silesia

1959 – Milt satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)

1993 – US Court of Appeals rules congress must save all E-Mail

1997 – South Park’s first episode is aired.

 

 

 

 

Births

1422 – William Caxton, 1st English printer (Histories of Troy)

1625 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and physicist (d. 1698)

1818 – Lucy Blackwell-Stone, US abolitionist (US Woman’s Suffrage Association)

1860 – Annie Oakley [Phoebe Ann Moses], North Star Ohio, sharp shooter (Buffalo Bill’s Wild West), (d. 1926)

1888 – John Logie Baird, Scotland, inventor (father of TV)

1899 – Alfred Hitchcock, London, director (Psycho, Birds, Rear Window), (d.1980)

1902 – Felix Wankel, Germany, inventor (Wankel rotary-piston engine)

1907 – Alfred Alwin Felix Krupp, Essen Germany, arms manufacturer

1912 – Ben Hogan, Dublin Tx, PGA golfer (US Open 1950, 51, 53)

1918 – Denis Smallwood, British air chief marshal

1918 – Frederick Sanger, England, biochemist (Nobel 1958, 1980)

1920 – George Shearing, London, blind pianist/composer (Lullabye of Byrdland)

1926 – Fidel Castro, Mayari, Oriente, Cuba, dictator/prime minister/president (1959-2008)

1930 – Don Ho, Hawaii, ukulele player (Tiny Bubbles)

1951 – Dan Fogelberg, Peoria Ill, rocker (Same Auld Lang Syne)

1952 – Herb Ritts, American photographer (d. 2004)

 

 

 

 

1958 – Randall Shughart, American Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1993)

 

American Valor 

Born: August 13, 1958
Lincoln, Nebraska

War: Somalia 

Rank: Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army 
(Sniper Team Member)

Location of action: Mogadishu, Somalia

Date of action: October 3, 1993

Medal received from: President Bill Clinton, May 1994 (posthumously)

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths

900 – Zwentibold, king of Lutherans (895-900), dies in battle at 29

1278 – Daikaku, Zen teacher Rinzai line/head of Kenchoji, dies in Japan at 65

1863 – Eugène Delacroix, French painter (b. 1798)

1865 – Ignaz Semmelweis, gynecologist, dies at 47

1910 – Florence Nightingale, English nurse, dies at 90

1946 – H[erbert] G[eorge] Wells, sci-fi author (Time Machine), dies at 79

1971 – King Curtis, [Curtis Ousley], US musician, murdered at 37

1991 – Jack Ryan, inventor (Barbie Doll, Hot Wheels), dies at 65

1992 – Clifford Allison, US stock-car racer, dies in an accident

1995 – Jesse Thomas, blues singer, dies at 84

1995 – Mickey Mantle, baseball great (NY Yankees), dies of cancer at 63

2004 – Julia Child, American chef and television personality (b. 1912)

2007 – Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (b. 1902)

2007 – Phil Rizzuto, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1917)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

612 BC – Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire. Destruction of Nineveh

843 – Treaty of Verdun: Brothers Lotharius I, Louis the German & Charles the Bare divide France

991 – Battle of Maldon: English, led by Bryhtnoth, confront a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon in Essex. The English are defeated and the story is immortalised in a well-known poem.

1519 – Magellan’s 5 ship set sail to circumnavigate Earth

1627 – Cardinal Richelieu begins siege of La Rochelle

1743 – Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated

1776 – American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.

1821 – Missouri admitted as 24th US state

1833 – Chicago incorporates as a village of about 200

1846 – Congress charters “nation’s attic,” Smithsonian Institution

1861 – Battle of Wilson’s Creek MO (Springfield, Oak Hills)-Gen Lyon killed

1889 – Dan Rylands patents screw cap

1904 – Japanese fleet defeat Russians off Port Arthur

1907 – Prince Scipone Borchesi wins Beijing to Paris, 7,500 mile auto rally

1936 – 114°F (46°C) at Plain Dealing, Louisiana (state record)

1936 – 120°F (49°C) at Ozark, Arkansas (state record)

1938 – 119°F (48°C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record)

1944 – US recaptures Guam from Japanese

1948 – Allen Funt’s “Candid Camera” TV debut on ABC

1949 – Ezzard Charles TKOs Gus Lesnevich in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

1954 – At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held.

1960 – Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returned 1st object from space

1965 – Joe Engle in X-15 reaches 82 km

1966 – 1st lunar orbiter launched by US

1972 – 1 million kg heavy meteorite grazes atmosphere above Canada

1977 – US & Panama sign Panama Canal Zone accord

1977 – Postal employee David Berkowitz arrested in Yonkers NY, accused of being “Son of Sam” 44 caliber killer

1988 – Matt Biondi swims world record 100m free style (48.42 sec)

1990 – US’s Magellan spacecraft lands on Venus

1994 – Last British troops leave Hong Kong (been there since Sept 1841)

2006 – Scotland Yard disrupts major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft travelling from the United Kingdom to the United States. All toiletries are banned from commercial airplanes.

 

 

 

 

Births

1267 – King James II of Aragon (d. 1327)

1489 – Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (d. 1553)

1744 – Alexandrine-Jeanne d’Étiolles (nicknamed “Fanfan”), daughter of the courtesan Madame de Pompadour (d. 1754)

1782 – Charles Napier, London, soldier

1814 – John Clifford Pemberton, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1881

1814 – Henri Nestlé, Swiss industrialist (d. 1890)

1874 – Herbert Hoover, West Branch Iowa, (R) 31st Pres (1929-1933), (d. 1964)

1893 – Douglas Stuart Moore, Cutchogue NY, composer (Good Night Harvard)

1909 – Leo Fender, Anaheim California, rocker (Fender guitars)

1914 – Jeff Corey, NYC, actor (Getting Straight, Superman & Mole Men)

1920 – William “Red” Holzman, NBA coach (NY Knickerbockers, 754 wins)

1928 – Eddie Fisher, Phila Pa, singer (Oh My Papa, Lady of Spain)

1928 – Jimmy Dean, Tx, actor/singer (Jimmy Dean Show, Diamonds are Forever)

1942 – Betsy Johnson, fashion designer (1971 Winnie Award)

1943 – Ronnie Spector, [Veronica Bennett], NYC, singer (Be My Little Baby)

1949 – Gene Johnson, Sugar Grove Pa, singer (Diamond Rio-Meet in the Middle)

1960 – Todd David Hess, First USAF Member inducted into Army’s Order of Military Medical Merit.

1965 – Patricia Spurgin, US sharpshooter (Olympics-gold-1984)

1982 – Devon Aoki, American supermodel and actress

 

 

 

 

Deaths

258 – Saint Lawrence, martyr

955 – Conrad the Red, Duke of Lotharingen, dies in battle

1535 – Ippolito de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (poisoned) (b. 1509)

1806 – Johann Michael Haydn, composer, dies at 68

1861 – Nathaniel Lyon, US Union brig-gen, dies in battle at 43

1896 – Otto Lilienthal, German aircraft pioneer, dies

1930 – William H Taft, US president (1909-13), dies

1932 – Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog (b. 1918)

1944 – Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, attempt Hitler assassination, dies

1945 – Robert H Goddard, US, rocket pioneer, dies at 62

1987 – I W Able, CEO (United Steel Workers of America, 1965-77), dies at 87

2002 – Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1926)

2008 – Isaac Hayes, American musician and actor (b. 1942)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

70 – Tower of Antonia destroyed by Romans

1509 – The Emperor Krishnadeva Raya is crowned, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire

1588 – Sea battle at Grevelingen: English fleet battles Spanish armada

1609 – Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei’s telescope

1673 – Dutch battle fleet of 23 ships demands surrender of NYC

1709 – 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)

1786 – Congress adopts silver dollar & decimal system of money

1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte set sail for exile on St Helena

1854 – Smith & Wesson patents metal bullet cartridges

1870 – Magic (US) defeats Cambria (Engld) in 2nd running of America’s Cup

1876 – Thomas Edison patents mimeograph

1911 – The millionth patent is filed in the United States Patent Office by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire.

1937 – Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power

1940 – Battle of Britain began as Germany launches air attacks

1942 – “Monty” appointed commandant of British 8th Army at Alamein

1942 – 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Wash DC

1945 – Pres Harry S Truman signs UN Charter

1963 – Great Train Robbery in England, £2.6 million ($7.3 million)

1963 – Kingsmen release “Louie, Louie,” radio stations label it obscene

1968 – Republican convention in Miami Beach nominates Nixon for pres

1984 – Carl Lewis wins 3rd (200m) of 4 gold medals in Summer Olympics

1988 – Discovery of most distant galaxy (15 * 10 ^ 12 light yrs) announced

2000 – Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.

2007 – An EF2 tornado touches down in Kings County and Richmond County, New York State, the most powerful tornado in New York to date and the first in Brooklyn since 1889

 

 

 

 

Births

1079 – Emperor Horikawa of Japan (d. 1107)

1673 – John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)

1763 – Charles Bulfinch, Boston Mass, 1st US pro architect (Mass State House)

1835 – James William Forsyth, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1906

1879 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader

1879 – Bob Smith, American founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1950)

1881 – Albert Kesselring, German field marshal (d. 1960)

1896 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Wash DC, writer (Yearling

1902 – Paul Dirac, Bristol, physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1933), (d. 1984)

1907 – Benny Carter, NYC, musician/composer (Easy Money, King Carter)

1919 – Dino De Laurentiis, Torre Annunziata Italy, producer (King Kong)

1920 – Jimmy Witherspoon, American singer (d. 1997)

1923 – Esther Williams, Inglewood Cal, actress/swimmer (Dangerous when Wet)

1933 – Joe Tex, singer/songwriter (Hold What You’ve Got)

1942 – Jay David, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show)

1954 – Nigel Mansell, formula-1 racer (Portugal Grand Prix-1990)

1981 – Roger Federer, Basel Switzerland, tennis player (16 grand slams)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

869 – Lotharius II, King of Middle-France (Lotharingen) (855-869), dies

1555 – Oronce Finé, French mathematician (b. 1494)

1788 – Louis FAD Duke the Richelieu, French marshal, dies at 92

1969 – Sharon Tate, murdered by the Manson family at 26

1975 – Julian “Cannonball” Alderly, saxophonist/bandleader, dies of a stroke at 46

1976 – John Roselli, hired by CIA to kill Castro, found murdered

1988 – Alan Napier, actor (Alfred-Batman), dies at 85

1996 – Frank A Whittle, inventor of the Jet engine, dies at 89

2004 – Fay Wray, American actress (b. 1907)

2008 – Richard B Herrlin , Father , Husband , Businessman , Fireman , Community Leader , The Best 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

8 – Roman Empire general Tiberius defeats Dalmatians on the river Bathinus.

881 – Battle at Saucourt: French King Louis III beats the Vikings

1492 – Columbus sets sail from Palos, Spain for “Indies”

1527 – First known letter was sent from North America by John Rut while at St. John’s, Newfoundland.

1676 – Nathaniel Bacon publishes “Declaration of People of Virginia”

1678 – Robert LaSalle builds 1st ship in America, Griffon

1852 – 1st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths

1860 – American Canoe Association founded at Lake George NY

1864 – Battle of Mobile AL

1882 – Congress passes 1st law restricting immigration

1900 – Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded.

1914 – 1st seaworthy ship through Panama Canal

1923 – VP Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th president

1925 – Last US troops leave Nicaragua (there since 1912

1943 – Gen Patton slaps a US GI in the hospital accusing him of cowardice

1949 – Basketball Association of America & National Basketball League merge to form National Basketball Association

1954 – 1st VTOL (Vertical Take-off & Land) flown

1955 – Automobile Association of America ends support of auto racing

1977 – Radio Shack issues a press release introducing TRS-80 computer 25 existed, within weeks thousands were ordered

1981 – 13,000 Air Traffic Controllers (PATCO) begin their strike

1996 – General William F. Garrison accepted responsibility for the outcome of the 1993 raid in Somalia, and he retired from military service.

2004 – The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11, 2001 attacks.

Births

1509 – Étienne Dolet, French scholar (d. 1546)

1801 – Joseph Paxton, English landscape architect (Crystal Palace)

1811 – Elisha Graves Otis, inventor (safe elevator)

1900 – Ernie Pyle, England, correspondent during WW II

1900 – John T Scopes, Tennessee teacher convicted for teaching evolution

1904 – Clifford D[onald] Simak, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Empire, Way Station)

1924 – Leon Uris, Baltimore, novelist (Exodus, QB VII, Battle Cry)

1941 – Martha Stewart, New Jersey, cookbook author/actress (Those Two)

1950 – John Landis, Chicago IL, director (Animal House, Michael Jackson’s Thriller video)

1977 – Tom Brady, American football player

1984 – Ryan Lochte, American swimmer

Deaths

1460 – King James II of Scotland (b. 1430)

1604 – Bernardino de Mendoza, Spanish military commander

1907 – August Saint-Gaudens, Irish/US sculptor (Mrs Henry Adams), dies at 59

1924 – Joseph Conrad, Polish/British writer (Heart of Darkness), dies at 66

1957 – “Black Jack” Bouvier, father of Jacqueline Kennedy, dies of cancer

1966 – Lenny Bruce, comedian, dies of a morphine overdose at 39

1983 – Carolyn Jones, actress (Morticia-Addams Family), dies at 54 of cancer

2004 – Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer, dies at 95

2007 – John Gardner, British author (b. 1926)

2008 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer (b. 1918

2011 – Bubba Smith, American football player and actor (b. 1945)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

338 BC – A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.

216 BC – Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae – The Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.

1492 – Jews are expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella

1610 – Henry Hudson enters bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay

1704 – Duke of Marlborough beats French & Bavarians at Blenheim

1776 – Formal signing of Declaration of Independence

1798 – British under Adm Horatio Nelson beat French at Battle of Nile

1819 – 1st parachute jump in US

1864 – 2nd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens

1865 – Lewis Carroll publishes “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland”

1873 – 1st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones

1875 – 1st roller skating rink opens (London)

1887 – Rowell Hodge patents barbed wire

1909 – Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers

1922 – China, hit by a typhoon; about 60,000 die

1932 – The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.

1937 – The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal.

1939 – Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers

1943 – Lt John F Kennedy’s PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands

1961 – Beatles 1st gig as house band of Liverpool’s Cavern Club

1962 – NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m

1964 – North Vietnam fires on a US destroyer in Gulf of Tonkin

1972 – Gold hits record $70 an ounce in London

1975 – 104°F (40°C) at Providence, Rhode Island (state record)

1975 – 107°F (42°C) at Chester/New Bedford, Massachusetts (state record)

1987 – Michael Andretti runs fastest Indy car race in history (171.49 MPH)

1989 – NASA confirmed Voyager 2’s discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated temporarily 1989 N2, 1989 N3 & 1989 N24

1994 – Congressional hearings begin on White Water

 

 

 

Births

1674 – Philip II, Duke of Orléans, Regent of France (d. 1723)

1754 – Pierre Charles L’Enfant, Anet France, architect laid out Wash DC, (d. 1825)

1835 – Elisha Grey, inventor (Telephone)

1872 – George E. Stewart, American Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1946)

1892 – Jack Warner, US movie studio head (Warner Bros)

1905 – Myrna Loy, Helena Mont, actress (Jazz Singer, Thin Man, Vanity Fair), (d. 1993)

1922 – Carroll O’Connor, NYC, actor (All in the Family, Heat of the Night)

1924 – James Baldwin, New York, author (Go Tell it on Mountain, Another Country), (d. 1987)

1926 – Betsy Bloomingdale, dept store mogul

1932 – Peter O’Toole, Ireland, actor (Lord Jim, Beckett, Lawrence of Arabia)

1944 – Jim Capaldi, English singer/songwriter (Traffic-Something So Strong)

1953 – Butch Patrick, actor (Eddie Munster-Munster)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

257 – Stefanus I, bishop of Rome (254-57)/heretic fighter, dies

1100 – William II, [Rufus], king of England, shot in New Forest at 44

1511 – Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader

1611 – Kato Kiyomasa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1562)

1788 – Thomas Gainsborough, English painter (Blue Boy), dies at 61

1811 – William Williams, US merchant/signer (Decl of Indep), dies at 80

1859 – Horace Mann, American educator and abolitionist (b. 1796)

1876 – Wild Bill Hickok, shot dead (from behind) by Jack McCall while playing poker. He held a pair of Aces & a pair of 8’s

1921 – Enrico Caruso, Italian opera singer, dies at 48

1922 – Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish/US physicist (telephone), dies

1923 – Warren Harding, 29th Pres (1921-23), dies at Palace Hotel SF at 57

1956 – Albert Woolson, last veteran US Union army, dies at 109

1976 – Fritz Lang, director (Cloak & Dagger, Metropolis), dies at 85

1988 – Raymond Carver, poet/short story writer (Furious Season), dies at 50

1997 – William S Burroughs, author (Naked Lunch), dies at 83

2005 – Steven Vincent, American journalist and writer (b. 1955)

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

338 BC – A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.

216 BC – Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae – The Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.

1492 – Jews are expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella

1610 – Henry Hudson enters bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay

1704 – Duke of Marlborough beats French & Bavarians at Blenheim

1776 – Formal signing of Declaration of Independence

1798 – British under Adm Horatio Nelson beat French at Battle of Nile

1819 – 1st parachute jump in US

1864 – 2nd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens

1865 – Lewis Carroll publishes “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland”

1873 – 1st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones

1875 – 1st roller skating rink opens (London)

1887 – Rowell Hodge patents barbed wire

1909 – Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers

1922 – China, hit by a typhoon; about 60,000 die

1932 – The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.

1937 – The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal.

1939 – Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers

1943 – Lt John F Kennedy’s PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands

1961 – Beatles 1st gig as house band of Liverpool’s Cavern Club

1962 – NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m

1964 – North Vietnam fires on a US destroyer in Gulf of Tonkin

1972 – Gold hits record $70 an ounce in London

1975 – 104°F (40°C) at Providence, Rhode Island (state record)

1975 – 107°F (42°C) at Chester/New Bedford, Massachusetts (state record)

1987 – Michael Andretti runs fastest Indy car race in history (171.49 MPH)

1989 – NASA confirmed Voyager 2’s discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated temporarily 1989 N2, 1989 N3 & 1989 N24

1994 – Congressional hearings begin on White Water

 

 

 

Births

1674 – Philip II, Duke of Orléans, Regent of France (d. 1723)

1754 – Pierre Charles L’Enfant, Anet France, architect laid out Wash DC, (d. 1825)

1835 – Elisha Grey, inventor (Telephone)

1872 – George E. Stewart, American Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1946)

1892 – Jack Warner, US movie studio head (Warner Bros)

1905 – Myrna Loy, Helena Mont, actress (Jazz Singer, Thin Man, Vanity Fair), (d. 1993)

1922 – Carroll O’Connor, NYC, actor (All in the Family, Heat of the Night)

1924 – James Baldwin, New York, author (Go Tell it on Mountain, Another Country), (d. 1987)

1926 – Betsy Bloomingdale, dept store mogul

1932 – Peter O’Toole, Ireland, actor (Lord Jim, Beckett, Lawrence of Arabia)

1944 – Jim Capaldi, English singer/songwriter (Traffic-Something So Strong)

1953 – Butch Patrick, actor (Eddie Munster-Munster)

 

 

 

Deaths

257 – Stefanus I, bishop of Rome (254-57)/heretic fighter, dies

1100 – William II, [Rufus], king of England, shot in New Forest at 44

1511 – Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader

1611 – Kato Kiyomasa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1562)

1788 – Thomas Gainsborough, English painter (Blue Boy), dies at 61

1811 – William Williams, US merchant/signer (Decl of Indep), dies at 80

1859 – Horace Mann, American educator and abolitionist (b. 1796)

1876 – Wild Bill Hickok, shot dead (from behind) by Jack McCall while playing poker. He held a pair of Aces & a pair of 8’s

1921 – Enrico Caruso, Italian opera singer, dies at 48

1922 – Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish/US physicist (telephone), dies

1923 – Warren Harding, 29th Pres (1921-23), dies at Palace Hotel SF at 57

1956 – Albert Woolson, last veteran US Union army, dies at 109

1976 – Fritz Lang, director (Cloak & Dagger, Metropolis), dies at 85

1988 – Raymond Carver, poet/short story writer (Furious Season), dies at 50

1997 – William S Burroughs, author (Naked Lunch), dies at 83

2005 – Steven Vincent, American journalist and writer (b. 1955)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

30 BC – Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.

607 – Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607).

902 – Aghlabidisch emir Ibrahim II destroys Taormina, Sicily

1498 – Christopher Columbus lands on “Isla Santa” (Venezuela)

1716 – 1st sculling race (London Bridge to Chelsea)

1774 – Priestly discovers oxygen

1781 – English army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia

1794 – Whiskey Rebellion begins

1798 – Battle of Abukir on the Nile-Nelson defeats French fleet

1831 – London Bridge opens to traffic

1876 – Colorado becomes 38th state

1896 – George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (NY to England)

1903 – 1st coast-to-coast automobile trip (SF-NY) completed

1914 – British fleet reaches Scapa Flow

1941 – The first Jeep is produced.

1946 – Pres Harry Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)

1953 – California introduces sales tax (for education)

1958 – US atomic sub USS Nautilus 1st dives under North Pole

1960 – Aretha Franklins 1st recording session

1960 – Chubby Checker releases “The Twist”

1966 – Charles Whitman wounds 31 & kills 16 at University of Texas

1982 – Greg Louganis, US becomes 1st diver to score 700 (752.67) in 11 dives

1988 – Rush Limbaugh begins his national radio show

2001 – Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office.

2004 – A supermarket fire kills 396 people and injures 500 in Asunción, Paraguay.

 

 

 

 

Births

10 BC – Claudius, Roman Emperor (d. 54)

1377 – Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (d. 1433)

1744 – Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine Monnet de Lamarck, Paris, naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), (d. 1829)

1770 – William Clark, Charlottsville VA, 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition

1779 – Francis Scott Key, composer (Star-Spangled Banner)

1815 – Richard Henry Dana, novelist/lawyer spent 2 years before mast

1819 – Herman Melville, New York, author (Moby Dick, Billy Budd), (d. 1891)

1889 – John F Mahoney, developed pencillin treatment of syphillis

1922 – Yvonne DeCarlo, actress (10 Commandments, Lily-Munsters)

1931 – Ramblin’ Jack Elliott, rocker

1933 – Dom DeLuise, Bkln NY, comedian (End, Cannonball Run, Fatso)

1942 – Giancarlo Giannini, La Spezia Italy, actor (Seduction of Mimi)

1942 – Jerry Garcia, SF, rocker (Grateful Dead-Uncle Joe’s Band)

1953 – Robert Cray, Columbus Ga, blues singer/songwriter (1987 Grammy)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1137 – Louis VI, King of France, dies (1108-37)

1589 – Jacques Clément, French assassin of Henry III of France (b. 1567)

1796 – Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)

1977 – Francis Gary Powers, US U-2 pilot, dies at 47

1980 – Strother Martin, actor (Slapshot), dies of heart attack at 61

1981 – Paddy Chayefsky, screenwriter (Network, Hospital) dies of cancer at 58

1994 – George Dixon, trumpet/sax, dies at 85

2009 – Corazon Aquino, Former President of the Philippines (b. 1933)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1099 – 1st Crusaders capture, plunder Jerusalem

1240 – A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.

1381 – John Ball, a leader in the Peasants’ Revolt, is hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England.

1410 – Battle of Tannenburg-Teutonic Knights vs King Ladislas II of Poland

1779 – US troops under Gen A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, NY

1799 – The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign.

1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte captured

1823 – A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.

1869 – Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy

1876 – Baseball’s 1st no-hitter, St Louis’ George W Bradley no-hits Hartford

1912 – British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect

1916 – 22.22″ (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)

1916 – Boeing Co (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash

1918 – 2nd Battle of Marne began during WW I

1933 – Wiley Post began 1st solo flight around world

1941 – Florey & Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin)

1948 – Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain

1954 – 110°F (43°C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)

1958 – Pres Eisenhower sends US troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months

1960 – Balt Orioles’ Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle

1964 – Barry M Goldwater (Sen-R-Az) nominated for president by Republicans

1965 – “Mariner IV” sends back 1st pictures of Mars

1971 – Pres Nixon announces he would visit People’s Rep of China

1973 – Paul Getty III kidnapped

1973 – Ray Davies, announces retirement from Kinks then attempts suicide

2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.

2002 – Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.

2003 – AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.

 

 

 

Births

1458 – Juan Ponce de Leon, Spanish Explorer (d. 1521)

1573 – Inigo Jones, London, architect (Old St Paul’s Cathedral, Coven Garden)

1606 – Rembrandt van Rijn, Leiden Netherlands, painter (Night Watch), (d. 1669 )

1796 – Thomas Bulfinch, mythologist (Bulfinch’s Mythology)

1850 – Francesca Xavier Cabrini, [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint

1867 – Maggie Mitchell Walker, 1st woman bank director/philanthropist

1911 – Lord Shackelton, explorer/government minister

1927 – Ann Jellicoe, theater director/playwright (Knack)

1944 – Jan-Michael Vincent, Denver, actor (Hooper, Tribes, Buster & Billie)

1946 – Linda Ronstadt, Tucson Az, singer (Dif Drum)/actress (Pir of Penzance)

1950 – Arianna Huffington, Greek-born newspaper columnist

1951 – Jesse “The Body” Ventura, wrestler/actor (Predator, Running Man)

1956 – Joe Satriani, rocker

1960 – Kim Alexis, Lockport NY, supermodel (Sports Illustrated swimsuit cover) and actress

1961 – Forest Whitaker, Longview TX, actor (Bloodsport, Platoon, Stakeout)

1963 – Brigitte Nielsen, Eisinore Denmark, actress (Red Sonja, Rocky IV)

1976 – Diane Kruger, German actress and former fashion model

 

 

 

Deaths

1381 – John Ball, English priest/ideologist of Boer uprising, hanged

1410 – Ulrich von Jungingen, German Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (killed in battle) (b. 1360)

1751 – John Wilson, botanist, dies

1765 – Charles Andrew Vanloo, painter, dies

1869 – A J Haynes, US army captain and civil war veteren, assassinated by KKK 

1881 – William “Billy the Kid” Bonney, shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21

1883 – Tom Thumb, famous small person (40″), dies of a stroke at 44

1904 – Anton Pavlovich Chechov, Russian writer (Uncle Vanya), dies at 44

1940 – Robert Wadlow, world’s tallest man (8’11.1″), dies at 32

1948 – John J Pershing, [Black Jack], US general (Mexico, WW I), dies at 87

1997 – Gianni Versace, designer, shot to death by Andrew Cunanan at 50

2003 – Tex Schramm, American football team president and general manager (b. 1920)

2006 – Robert H. Brooks, founder of Hooters of America (b. 1937)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1223 – Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II 
1420 – Battle at Vitkov Zizka’s hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia
1520 – Battle of Otumba Mexico: Hernan Cortes & Tlascala’s vs Aztecs
1535 – Emperor Charles V conquerors Tunis
1544 – English troops attack The Canal
1581 – English jesuit Edmund Campion arrested
1682 – Henry Purcell appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London
1698 – The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
1714 – Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
1769 – The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
1771 – Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
1789 – Bastille Day-French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille
1791 – The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
1798 – 1st direct federal tax on states-on dwellings, land & slaves
1798 – Sedition Act prohibits “false, scandalous & malicious” writing against US government
1822 – Slave revolt in SC under Denmark Vesey/Peter Poyas
1823 – Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
1832 – Opium exempted from federal tariff duty
1845 – 1st postmasters’ provisional stamps issued, NYC
1845 – Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes & kills many
1850 – 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
1853 – 1st US World’s fair opens (Crystal Palace NY)
1853 – Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
1853 – Pres Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)
1861 – Gen McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA with 40,000 troops
1861 – Naval Engagement at Wilmington NC – USS Daylight establishes blockade
1863 – Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
1863 – Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
1864 – Gold is discovered in Helena, Mont
1865 – Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas & Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
1868 – Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure
1877 – General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
1891 – John T Smith patents corkboard
1902 – The Campanile in St Mark’s Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
1909 – Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
1911 – 46″ of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
1912 – Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
1914 – 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Robert Goddard)
1914 – NL’s Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
1916 – 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
1916 – St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
1918 – Dutch government reclaims South seas
1921 – Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted in Dedham Mass, of killing their shoe company’s paymaster
1927 – 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii
1932 – Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
1933 – Germany began mandatory sterilization of those with hereditary illness
1933 – NSDAP becomes only party in Germany
1933 – Verity bowls out Essex twice in a day, 8-47 & 9-44, at Leyton
1934 – 116°F (47°C), Orogrande NM (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
1934 – NY Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time
1934 – Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beats Cincinnati 18-0
1934 – Ruth hits 700th career home run
1936 – 1 million demonstrate to support French People’s Front government
1936 – 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)
1938 – Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifest
1940 – Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
1940 – Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
1941 – 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
1941 – Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
1941 – Jam rationed in Holland
1942 – 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
1942 – Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
1944 – Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
1944 – US assault on Coutances Cotentin
1945 – Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan
1946 – Dr Ben Spock’s “Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care” published
1946 – Mass murder on Jews in Kielce Poland
1946 – Cleve Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles & HR but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 HR with 8 RBIs
1948 – Israel bombs Cairo
1948 – Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
1949 – USSR explodes their 1st atom bomb
1950 – RE Wayne awarded 1st Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea
1951 – “Courtin’ Time” closes at National Theater NYC after 37 performances
1951 – “Make a Wish” closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 102 perfs
1951 – 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)
1951 – Citation becomes 1st horse to win $1,000,000 in races
1951 – George Washington Carver monument unveiled
1952 – SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)
1953 – 1st Natl monument dedicated to a Negro-George Washington Carver
1953 – 20th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
1953 – Communist offensive in Korea
1954 – 117°F (47°C), East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
1954 – 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
1955 – 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascott racetrack, England
1956 – Boston Red Sox Mel Parnell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 4-0
1957 – Soviet steamer “Eshghbad” sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
1958 – General Abdul K Kassem forms a military government in Iraq
1958 – Pope Pius XII publishes his 39th & last encyclical Meminisse juvat
1958 – Col Saddam Hussein & Iraqi army overthrows the monarchy
1959 – 1st atomic powered cruiser, Long Beach, Quincy Mass
1960 – Barbara Romack wins LPGA Leesburg Pro-Am Golf Tournament
1960 – Fire raging through a Guatemala City, Guatemala insane asylum kills 225, severly injuring 300
1961 – Astro’s Eddie Matthews hits HR #500
1961 – Finland’s Miettunen government forms
1961 – Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et magistrate
1962 – Borehole for Mont Blanc-tunnel finished
1962 – US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1963 – Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Sight Golf Open
1964 – Jacques Anquetil wins his 5th Tour de France
1964 – Oriole Bob Johnson’s 6th straight hit as a pinch hitter
1965 – Australian Ronald Clarke runs world record 10k (27:39.4)
1965 – Israeli/Jordanian border fights
1965 – US Mariner IV, 1st Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)
1966 – Richard Speck rapes & kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory
1967 – Astro Eddie Matthews hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Juan Marichal
1967 – Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing
1967 – The Who, opening for Herman’s Hermits begin a US tour
n1968 – Brave Hank Aaron hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Mike McCormick
1968 – Carol Mann wins LPGA Pabst Ladies’ Golf Classic
1968 – Houston Astro Don Wilson strikes-out 18, beats Reds 6-1
1968 – WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1969 – “Futbol War” between El Salvador & Honduras begins
1969 – Soccer war – Salvador-Honduras (1000 dead)
1969 – WMUL (now WPBY) TV channel 33 in Huntington, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
1969 – The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
1970 – 41st All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 at Riverfront Stadium, Cin
1970 – All star MVP: Carl Yastremski (Boston Red Sox)
1972 – Jean Westwood is 1st woman chosen to head Democratic Natl Committee
1972 – USSR performs underground nuclear Test
1972 – Plate ump & catcher in a game are brothers. Bill Haller is ump & Tom Haller is Tigers catcher, KC Royals win 1-0
1973 – 102nd British Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf shoots a 276 at Royal Troon
1973 – Phil Everly storms off stage declaring an end to Everly Brothers
1974 – Billy Martin is 1st AL manager ejected by ump from 2 games in 1 day
1974 – Bundy victims Janice Ott & Denise Naslund disappear, Lk Sammamish, WA
1974 – Sharon Miller wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1975 – EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced
1976 – Jimmy Carter wins Democratic pres nomination in NYC
1976 – USSR banishes dissident Andrei Amalrik to Netherlands
1977 – North Korea shoots down US helicopter, killing 3
1977 – US House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
1978 – Anatoly Scharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
1978 – Ump Doug Harvey ejects Don Sutton after discovering 3 scuffed balls
1978 – Allen Ginsburg completes “Plutonian Ode,” blocks trainload of fissile material headed for Rockwell’s nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado
1979 – USSR performs nuclear Test
1981 – Kevin Wade’s “Key Exchange,” premieres in London
1983 – Crane (Rep-R-Il) & Studds (Rep-D-Mas) admit to sex with pages
1984 – STS 41-D vehicle moves to Vandenberg AFB for remanifest of payloads
1984 – USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1985 – 40th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Kathy Baker
1985 – Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
1985 – Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
1986 – 10 killed & 60 injured at ETA-bomb attack in Madrid
1986 – 2nd government of Lubbers sworn in
1986 – 41st US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Jane Geddes
1986 – Motley Crue’s Vince Neil begins 30 day sentence for vehicular homicide
1986 – NASA’s plan to implement recommendations of Rogers commission
1986 – Paul McCartney releases “Press”
1986 – Richard W Miller became 1st FBI agent convicted of espionage
1986 – Shalamar’s Howard Hewett acquitted in Miami of drug charges
1987 – 58th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-0 in 13 at Oakland-Alameda Stad
1987 – All star MVP: Tim Raines (Montreal Expos)
1987 – Greyhound Bus buys Trailways Bus for $80 million
1987 – Lt Col Oliver North concludes 6 days of Congressional testimony
1987 – Rookie of the Year Award is renamed to honor Jackie Robinson
1987 – Steve Miller’s star is unveiled on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame
1987 – Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
1988 – 200,000 demonstrate in Soviet Armenia for incorporation of Nagorno-Karabak
1988 – Mike Schmidt passes Mickey Mantle with his 537th HR into 7th place
1988 – WYHY radio offers $1M to anyone who can prove Elvis is still alive
1989 – 16th James Bond movies “License to Kill” premieres
1990 – “Howard Stern’s Summer Show” premieres on WWOR-TV (NYC)
1990 – Sara Martin, of Illinois, crowned America’s Junior Miss
1991 – 46th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Meg Mallon
1991 – Failed military coup in Mali
1992 – 63rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 13-6 at Jack Murphy Stadium, SD
1992 – Actress Nell Carter undergoes brain surgery
1992 – All star MVP: Ken Griffey Jr (Seattle Mariners)
1992 – 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz beginning the Open Source Operating System Revolution. Linus Torvalds release his Linux soon afterwards.
1993 – Aeroflot starts non-stop flights between Moscow & NY
1994 – Gas explosion at old age home in Milan, 27 killed
1995 – LA Dodger Ramon Martinez no-hits the Florida Marlins 7-0
1995 – Ramon Martinez pitches a 7-0 no-hitter against the Marlins
1996 – “How To Succeed in Business…” closes at R Rodgers NYC after 548 perf
1996 – “Thousand Clowns” opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 32 performances
1996 – 14th Seniors Players Golf Championship: Raymond Floyd
1996 – Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
1996 – NY Yankee John Weteland sets record of 24 consecutive saves
1996 – NY Yanks sweep complete season series in Baltimore for 1st time
1997 – Bomb in Algiers kills 21 & wounds 40
2002 – French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
2007 – Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.
2012 – Suicide bomber attacks a wedding reception and kills 22 people and inures 22 in northern Afghanistan
2012 – Floods on the Japanese island of Kyushu kill 20 and displace 250,000

 

 

 

 

Births

1454 – Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
1486 – Andrea del Sarto, Italy, painter (Recollets)
1602 – Jules Mazarin, France, cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61)
1608 – George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
1610 – Ferdinando II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
1634 – Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
1671 – Jacques D’Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
1675 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
1676 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
1696 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
1707 – Jacques-Philippe Lamoninary, composer
1721 – John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
1743 – Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
1756 – Thomas Rowlandson, English painter/cartoonist/etcher
1785 – Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (d. 1851)
1794 – John G Lockhart, [Scorpion], biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott)
1801 – Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
1804 – Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general
1816 – Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
1818 – Nathaniel Lyon, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1861
1830 – Richard Henry Jackson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1831 – William Dwight, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
1834 – James Abbott McNeill Whistler, artist (Whistler’s Mother)
1839 – Edward Sydney Smith, composer
1854 – Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov, composer
1855 – Richard Samuel Hughes, composer
1857 – Maytag, inventor (washing machine)
1858 – Emmeline Pankhurst, England, found (Women’s Social & Political Union)
1859 – Willy Hess, German violinist (d. 1928)
1862 – Florence Bascom, US, 1st American woman PhD
1862 – Gustav Klimt, Austria, Art Nouveau painter
1865 – Annie Jones, Virginia, bearded lady
1868 – Gertrude Bell, Durham, British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), (d. 1926)
1869 – Owen Wister, US, novelist (Virginian)
1874 – ‘Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
1874 – Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (Actinium)
1880 – Donald Meek, Glasgow Scotland, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach)
1883 – Alexandru Zirra, composer
1884 – Charles Meldrum Daniels, Dayton Oh, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1904, 08)
1885 – King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
1890 – Ossip Zadkine, [Zadkin], Russ/French sculptor (Destroyed City)
1891 – Henry Oscar, London England, actor (Saint in London)
1893 – John G Strijdom, premier of South-Africa (1954-58)
1893 – Spencer Williams, Vidalia La, actor (Andy-Amos ‘n’ Andy)
1893 – Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
1895 – Frank Raymond Leavis, British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
1896 – Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
1898 – Ivan Triesault, Estonia, actor (Cry of the Werewolf, Black Parachute)
1898 – A. B. “Happy” Chandler, American politician and baseball commissioner (d. 1991)
1901 – George Tobias, NYC, actor (Abner Kravitz-Bewitched)
1901 – Gerald Finzi, London, British composer (Dies natalis)
1902 – Paul Guilfoyle, Jersey City NJ, actor/director (Curiosity Kills)
1902 – Richard Clarkson, aerodynamicist
1902 – Truman J Hedding, US vice-admiral (WW II)
1903 – Irving Stone, US, author (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life)
1903 – Ken Murray, NYC, comedian (Ken Murray Show, Judy Garland Show)
1904 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Poland, Yiddish novelist (Enemies-Nobel 1978)
1906 – Arthur James Bramwell Hutchings, composer
1906 – Tom Carvel, ice cream mogul (Carvels)
1908 – Chaim Raphael, writer
1909 – Annabella, [Suzanne G Charpentier], Paris, actress (Dinner at Ritz)
1910 – Peter Stadlen, pianist/critic
1910 – William Hanna, Melrose New Mexico, animator (Hanna-Barbera- Tom and Jerry, Scooby Doo), (d. 2001) 
1911 – J de Graaf, Dutch ethicist/president (Church & Peace)
1911 – Terry-Thomas, England, actor (It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World)
1912 – Woodrow Wilson “Woodie” Guthrie, folk singer (This Land Is Your Land)
1912 – Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
1913 – Fritz Erler, German politician (SDP)
1913 – Gerald R Ford, [Leslie King], Omaha Nebraska, 41st VP (1973-74)/38th pres (R-1974-77), (d. 2006)
1913 – Nigel Thomas Loveridge Fisher, politician
1914 – Sidney George Gray, company secretary
1916 – Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (Family dictionary)
1916 – Phyllis Stedman, politician
1917 – Arthur Leavins, violinist
1917 – Douglas Edwards, Alda Oklahoma, newscaster (CBS Evening News, FYI)
1918 – Arthur Laurents, NYC, playwright (West Side Story, Gypsy)
1918 – Ingmar Bergman, Uppsala Sweden, director (Cries & Whispers)
1918 – Jay Wright Forrester, invented random-access magnetic core memory
1919 – Lino Ventura, Parma Italy, actor (Happy New Year, Pain in the A–)
1921 – Geoffrey Wilkinson, chemist
1921 – Leon Garfield, English children’s author (d. 1996)
1922 – Peter Andrew Tranchell, composer
1922 – Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
1922 – Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard
1923 – Dale Robertson, Harrah Ok, actor (Death Valley Days, Walter-Dynasty)
1923 – Frances Lear, Larchmont NY, Woman’s magazine publisher (Lears)
1923 – Willie Steele, American Olympic gold medalist (d. 1989)
1924 – James W. Black, Scottish pharmacologist, Nobel laureate
1925 – Luis Antonio Escobar, composer
1926 – Harry Dean Stanton, West Irvine KY, actor (Alien, Cool Hand Luke)
1926 – Jan Krenz, composer
1927 – John William Chancellor, Chicago Ill, news anchor (NBC, VOA)
1928 – Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, artist/teacher
1928 – Nancy Olson, Milwaukee, actress (Absent-Minded Professor, Pollyanna)
1928 – Ole Schmidt, composer
1928 – Pierre Olaf, Cauderan France, actor (Kraft Music Hall)
1929 – George Alan Dawson, jazz drummer/teacher
1929 – Charles Anthony [Caruso], New Orleans, Louisiana, tenor (2,928 performances at Metropolitan Opera), (d. 2012)
1930 – Eric Norman Stokes, composer
1930 – Polly Bergen, Knoxville Tn, actress (Rhoda-Winds of War, Baby Talk)
1931 – Donald Eugene Webb, Oklahoma City, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1931 – Robert Stephens, Bristol England, actor (Uncle Kurt-Holocaust)
1932 – Roosevelt Grier, Cuthbert Ga, NFLer (NY Giants)/actor (Movin’ On)
1933 – Del Reeves, singer/guitarist
1933 – Robert Bourassa, Montreal, premier of Quebec (1970-76, 1985- )
1934 – Leo Joseph Koury, Pitts, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1934 – [Robert] Lee Elder, Dallas TX, PGA golfer (1974 Monsanto Open)
1936 – Gloria Lambert, Worcester Mass, singer (Sing Along With Mitch)
1936 – Robert F Overmyer, Lorain Ohio, Col USMC/astronaut (STS 5, STS 51B)
1937 – Khalid Hassan, Pak cricket leg-spinner (took 2-116 at 16 in only Test)
1937 – Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
1938 – Bob Scholl, rocker (Mellow Kings)
1938 – Jerry Rubin, activist (Chicago 7)/stockbroker
1939 – Karel Gott, Czech singer
1939 – Sid Haig, American actor
1939 – George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
1940 – Susan Howatch, English author
1941 – Tatyana Dmitryevna Kuznetsova, cosmonaut
1941 – Maulana Karenga, American author and activist
1941 – Andreas Khol, Austrian politician
1942 – Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
1943 – Lynn Loring, NYC, actress (Patty-Fair Exchange, Barbara-FBI)
1944 – Billy McCool, American baseball player
1945 – Peter James Leonard Klatzow, composer
1946 – Maureen O’Connor, Mayor (San Diego)
1946 – John Wood, Australian actor
1947 – Nick Benedict, Los Angeles CA, actor (Pistol-Birth of a Legend)
1947 – Steve Stone, Cleveland Ohio, sportscaster (Monday Night Baseball)
1947 – Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer
1948 – Tommy Matola, rock manager/CEO (CBS records)
1949 – Joyce Benson, LPGA golfer
1949 – Lukas D Barnard, head of South Africa secret service (NIS)
1950 – Bruce Oldfield, British mode-designer
1950 – Gwen Guthrie, American singer (d. 1999)
1951 – Esther Dyson, Zurich Switz, computer publisher (Release 1.0)
1951 – Judi Brown, E Lansing Mich, 400m hurdler (Olympic-silver-1984)
1951 – Erich Hallhuber, German actor (d. 2003)
1952 – Chris Cross, [St John], rock singer (Arthur)
1952 – Eric Laneuville, New Orleans La, actor (Larry-Room 222, St Elsewhere)
1952 – George Louis Francis Lewis, composer
1952 – Jerry Houser, Los Angeles California, actor (Slapshot, Summer of ’42, Class of ’44)
1952 – Joel Silver, South Orange NJ, producer (Warriors, Xanadu, Die Hard)
1952 – Stan Shaw, Chicago Illinois, actor (Mississippi, Roots Next Generation)
1952 – Franklin Graham, American evangelist
1952 – Bob Casale, AKA Bob 2, American Musician (Devo)
1953 – Bebe Buell [Beverle Lorence], Portsmouth, Virginia, American model/singer (Nov 1974 Playmate of the Month)
1954 – Jos Zoomer, Amsterdam Neth, rock drummer (Vandenberg)
1954 – Ralph D’Amico, jockey
1955 – L. Brent Bozell, American author and activist
1956 – Vladimir Kulich, Czech actor
1957 – Peter Webb, NZ cricketer (batsman against West Indies 1980)
1958 – Joe Keenan, American screenwriter, television producer and novelist.
1959 – Rodney Rash, horse trainer
1960 – Ray Herndon, Scottsdale Ar, singer (McBride & Ride-Can I Count on You)
1960 – Anna Bligh, Australian politician
1961 – Jackie Earle Haley, Northridge California, actor (Breaking Away)
1962 – Diane Ratnik, Toronto Ontario, volleyball setter (Olympics-8-92, 96)
1962 – Jeff Olson, American musician
1963 – Bel Le Harper, NFL tight end (Atlanta Falcons)
1963 – Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist
1964 – Barbara Chiu, Canton China, Canada table tennis player (Oly-33-92, 96)
1964 – Brett J Ogle, Paddington Austral, PGA golfer (1993 AT&T Pebble Beach)
1964 – Jack Kay Jr, Montreal Que, Canadian Tour golfer (1991 Singapore Open)
1965 – Reina Olea, female jockey
1966 – D J Johnson, NFL cornerback (Atlanta Falcons)
1966 – Matthew Fox, Crowheart Wyo, actor (Party of 5, Fredhman Dorm)
1966 – Tayna Donelly, rocker (Belly)
1966 – Ellen Reid, Canadian musician (Crash Test Dummies)
1966 – Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator
1967 – Glen Scrivener, CFL defensive tackle (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1967 – Hashan Tillekeratne, cricketer (Sri Lanka wicket-keeper/batsman)
1967 – Leonardo Lavalle, Mexico, tennis star
1967 – Robin Ventura, Santa Maria CA, infielder (Chicago White Sox)
1967 – Patrick J. Kennedy, politician
1968 – John Maginnes, Atlanta GA, Nike golfer (1994 NIKE Texarkana Open-5th)
1968 – Mark Lenz, US, 3m spring diver (Olympic-gold-1992)
1968 – Kazushi Sakuraba, Japanese mixed martial artist/professional wrestler
1969 – Jose Hernandez, Hato Rey Puerto Rico, infielder (Chicago Cubs)
1970 – Mark Brandenburg, Houston Texas, pitcher (Texas Rangers)
1970 – Mark Strickland, NBA forward (Miami Heat)
1970 – Michelle Sawatzky, Steinbach Manitoba, volleyballer (Olympics-96)
1970 – Missy Gold, Great Falls Mont, actress (Katie-Benson)
1970 – Todd Rucci, NFL guard (NE Patriots)
1971 – Mark LoMonaco, American professional wrestler
1971 – Joey Styles, American wrestling commentator
1971 – Marie-Chantal Toupin, French Canadian singer
1972 – Ben Talley, NFL linebacker (NY Giants)
1972 – Joe Aska, NFL running back (Oakland Raiders)
1972 – Lou Roe, NBA forward (Detroit Pistons)
1972 – Matthew Campbell, NFL tight end (Carolina Panthers)
1972 – Deborah Mailman, Australian actress
1973 – Kieren Perkins, Brisbane QLD Aust, 1500m swimmer (Olymp-2 gold-92, 96)
1973 – Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
1973 – Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player
1973 – Candela Peña, Spanish actress
1974 – Erick Dampier, NBA center (SF Warriors)
1974 – David Mitchell, English comedian and actor
1975 – Matthew Kessinger, Louisville Ky, fig skater (1995 Gt Lakes Jr champ)
1975 – Taboo, American rapper
1975 – Tim Hudson, American baseball player

1976 – Yesim Cetin, Miss Turkey Universe (1997)
1976 – Geraint Jones, English cricketer
1976 – Kirsten Sheridan, Irish film director and screenwriter
1977 – Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
1979 – Bernie Castro, Dominican baseball player
1979 – Axel Teichmann, German cross-country skier
1980 – George Smith, Australian Rugby player
1981 – Lee Mead, English actor
1981 – Yomi, Japanese vocalist (Nightmare)
1982 – Dmitry Chaplin, So You Think You Can Dance finalist
1983 – Wesley Dening, Australian TV personality
1984 – Chris Steele, Canadian musician, (Alexisonfire)
1987 – Adam Johnson, English footballer
1988 – James Vaughan, English footballer
1989 – Sean Flynn-Amir, American actor

 

 

 

 

Deaths

664 – Deusdedit of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
937 – Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
1223 – King Philip II of France (1180-1223) dies at 57
1298 – Jacob de Voragine, Italian bishop/writer (Golden Legend), dies
1575 – Richard Taverner, English Bible translator
1614 – Camillus de Lellis, Ital soldier/monastery founder/saint, dies at 64
1671 – Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (b. 1599)
1711 – Johan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange/(Nassau-Dietz), drowns at 23
1723 – Claude Fleury, French historian (b. 1640)
1742 – Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
1744 – Immanuel J Pyra, German poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28
1762 – Cornelis Hop, Amsterdams regent/diplomat, dies at 77
1766 – František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
1770 – David ‘t Kindt, Flemish architect (Mammelokker, Ghent), dies at 71
1774 – James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
1779 – George Ross, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
1780 – Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
1788 – Johann Gottfried Muthel, composer, dies at 60
1789 – Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (assassinated) (b. 1721)
1789 – Bernard-René de Launay, governor of the Bastille, murdered during the Storming of the Bastille (b.1740)
1790 – Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
1793 – Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist, dies in battle at 44
1803 – Esteban Salas y Castro, composer, dies
1812 – Christian G Heyne, German archaeologist, dies at 82
1816 – Francisco AG de Miranda, Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
1817 – Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Swiss author (b. 1766)
1827 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
1830 – Anthony FRE Haersolte, member of Executing Regime, dies at 73
1834 – Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
1850 – August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
1873 – Ferdinand David, Dutch violinist/composer, dies at 63
1876 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (b. 1816)
1881 – Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859?)
1895 – Alexander Ewing, composer, dies at 65
1902 – Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor, dies at 58
1904 – S J Paul Kruger, general/pres South-Africa (1883-1904), dies at 78
1907 – William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
1908 – William Mason, composer, dies at 79
1917 – Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
1923 – Louis Ganne, composer, dies at 61
1925 – Pancho Villa, Filipino world boxing champion (b. 1901)
1930 – W H Ashley, cricketer (Test South Africa, 7 wkts), dies
1938 – Robert Poore, cricketer (3 Tests for South Africa in 1895-96 series), dies
1939 – Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter, decorative artist (b. 1860)
1940 – Bill Howell, cricketer (18 Tests for Aust 1898-1905), dies
1942 – Neel [Cornelia H] Doff, Neth/French/Belgian painter’s model, dies
1943 – Johannes F “Frits” Bakker Sr, actor, dies at 74%
1948 – Palmiro Togliatti, Italy’s CPI chairman, assassinated
1949 – Frank Hearne, cricketer (2 Tests for England, 4 Tests for S Afr), dies
1951 – Sammy Jones, cricketer (last survivor of the 1882 Oval Test), dies
1954 – Jacinto Benavente y Martinez, Spanish playwright, dies at 87
1954 – Jackie Saunders, American silent screen actress (b. 1892)
1956 – Jaroslav Ridky, composer, dies at 58
1958 – Abdoel Illah, crown prince of Iraq, murdered
1958 – Emil Barth, writer, dies at 58
1958 – Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), assassinated at Baghdad
1958 – Franciscus J Feron, vicar-general of Roermond, dies at 62
1958 – Noeri el-Said, premier of Iraq, murdered
1959 – Grock, [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown/circus director, dies at 79
1965 – Adlai Stevenson, US amb to UN/pres candidate (D, 1952, 56), dies
1966 – Julie Manet, French painter (b. 1878)
1967 – Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
1968 – Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian sailor/author, dies at 76
1968 – Westbrook Van Voorhis, announcer (March of Time), dies at 64
1968 – Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (b. 1892)
1970 – Preston S Foster, actor (Waterfront, Gunslinger), dies at 69
1973 – Clarence White, guitarist (Byrds), killed by a car
1974 – Henri Smajda, Tunis/French publisher (Combat), commits suicide at 77
1974 – Carl Spaatz, American World War II general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, dies at 83
1975 – Zutty Singleton, US jazz drummer, dies at 77
1975 – Madan Mohan, Hindi Film’s Melodious Music director (b. 1924)
1979 – George De Witt, TV host (Name that Tune), dies at 56
1982 – George Amadee Tremblay, composer, dies at 71
1983 – Jack MacBryan, cricketer (Test for England 1924), dies
1984 – Al Schacht, [Clown prince of baseball], baseball player, dies at 91
1984 – Kenny Delmar, comedian (School House), dies at 74
1984 – Philippe Wynne, US soul singer (I’ll Be Around), dies at 43
1984 – Ernest Tidyman, American writer (b. 1928)
1986 – Raymond Loewy, US industrial designer, dies at 92
1989 – Frank Bell, British educator (b. 1916)
1990 – Dallas Alinder, dies
1990 – Philip Leacock, dies of collapsed lungs at 73
1991 – Nic van Bridges, Flemish poet, dies
1993 – Robert Strong
1994 – Patrick Crommelynck, Belgian pianist, commits suicide
1994 – Robert Jungk, German/French/Us/Austrian philosopher/historian, dies
1994 – Taeko Kuwata, Japanese/Belgian pianist, commits suicide
1995 – Michael Naylor, insurance broker, dies at 59
1996 – Frederick Angus Armstrong, journalist, dies at 82
1996 – Kenneth Tompkins Bainbridge, physicist, dies at 91
1996 – Kim Besly, activist, dies at 69
1996 – Jeff Krosnoff, CART driver (b. 1964)
1998 – Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (b. 1909)
2000 – William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (b. 1920)
2000 – René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
2000 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (b. 1944)
2002 – Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
2003 – Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist (b. 1926)
2003 – François-Albert Angers, French Canadian economist (b. 1909)
2005 – Joe Harnell, American musician, composer and arranger (b. 1924)
2005 – Cicely Saunders, English Nurse, physician and writer (b. 1918)
2007 – John Ferguson Sr, former professional hockey player (b. 1938)
2008 – Henki Kolstad, Norwegian actor (b. 1915)
2009 – Zbigniew Zapasiewicz, Polish actor (b. 1934)
2010 – Mădălina Manole, Romanian pop recording artist (b. 1967)
2010 – Gene Ludwig, American jazz organist (b. 1937)
2012 – Sixten Jernberg, Swedish skier, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1174 – William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.

1568 – Dean of St Paul’s Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer

1657 – Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert

1772 – Capt James Cook begins 2nd trip (Resolution) to South Seas

1787 – Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)

1836 – US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels

1837 – Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

1865 – Horace Greeley advises his readers to “Go west young man”

1868 – Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana

1923 – The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads “Hollywoodland ” but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.

1930 – 1st-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Uruguay

1934 – Babe Ruth hits HR #700 (against Detroit)

1936 – 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)

1936 – 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisc (state record)

1939 – Frank Sinatra made his recording debut

1943 – Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia’s defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 were lost by Germany

1945 – 1st atom bomb explodes in New Mexico

1966 – Richard Speck, murders 8 nurses in Chicago

1975 – 8.5″ (21.6 cm) of rainfall, Dover, Delaware (state record)

1977 – NYC experiences 25 hr black-out

1979 – Calif’s Nolan Ryan & Boston’s Steve Renko each lose no-hitters in 9th

1985 – “Live Aid” concert raises over $70 million for African famine relief

1996 – Cigar wins record 16th straight win, (ties Citation in 1940)

2011 – Mumbai is rocked by three bomb blasts during the evening rush hour, killing 26 and injuring 130.

 

 

 

 

Births 

100 BC – Julius Caesar, Rome, Roman military and political leader, (d. 44 BC), (or July 12)

1590 – Clement X, [Emilio Altieri], Italy, Pope (1670-76)

1745 – Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)

1815 – James Alexander Seddon, Secy War (Confederacy), died in 1880

1821 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, Chapel Hill Tennessee, slave trader/Confed lt-gen/KKK Grand Wizard, (d. 1877)

1864 – John Jacob Astor IV, American entrepreneur (d. 1912)

1913 – Dave Garroway, Schnectady NY, TV host (Today Show)

1913 – Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Hellerup Denmark, Danish shipping magnate, (d. 2012)

1921 – Charles Scribner Jr, music publisher (Scribner)

1928 – Bob Crane, Waterbury Ct, actor (Col Hogan-Hogan’s Heroes, Donna Reed)

1940 – Paul Prudhomme, cajun chef (K-Paul)

1942 – Giancarlo Giannini, Spezia Italy,actor (NY Stories, Sensual Man)

1942 – Harrison Ford, Chic Ill, actor (Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Frantic)

1942 – Roger McGuinn, guitarist (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn, Mr Tambourine Man)

1946 – Cheech Marin, [Richard], comedian (Cheech & Chong-Up in Smoke)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

939 – Leo VII, Italian Pope (936-39), dies

1309 – Jan I van Nassau, bishop of Utrecht, dies

1402 – Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)

1755 – Edward Braddock, British general, dies in battle at Pittsburgh

1761 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)

1785 – Stephen Hopkins, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 78

1793 – Jean Paul Marat, French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday

1882 – Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)

1890 – John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)

1946 – Alfred Stieglitz, US photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82

1954 – M C Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter/wife of Diego Rivera, dies at 47

1955 – Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging

1973 – Lon Chaney Jr, actor (Hawkeye, Pistols ‘n’ Petticoats), dies at 67

1988 – Samuel L Mendel, oldest US war veteran, dies at 104

1993 – Davey Allisson, race car drive, dies in a plane crash at 32

1994 – Eddie Boyd, blues vocal/pianist, dies at 79

1994 – Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate, dies at 50

1995 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (b. 1920)

2006 – Red Buttons, American comedian (b. 1919)

2010 – George Steinbrenner, American businessman and owner of the New York Yankees, dies from heart attack at 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1191 – Saladin’s garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city’s walls and towers.

1472 – Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminister Abbey.

1543 – England’s King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife)

1630 – New Amsterdam’s governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, it is later known as Ellis Island

1679 – Britain’s King Charles II ratified Habeas Corpus Act

1690 – Battle of Boyne-King William III defeats catholic king James II

1785 – 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands

1804 – Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel.

1900 – 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)

1901 – Cy Young wins his 300th game

1906 – Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France

1920 – Panama Canal opens

1933 – Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)

1962 – Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London)

1966 – 10.51″ (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record)

1967 – Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured & over 1000 arrested

1970 – Blues-Rock singer Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky

1970 – Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atl Ocean in “Ra” docks in Barbados

1972 – Democrats nominated George McGovern for president in Miami Fla

1993 – 7.8 earthquake hits Hokkaido Japan, 160 killed

1994 – Nomination hearings for Steven Breyer for supreme court justice begins

1997 – Cubs play in their 5,000th consecutive gane with out being no-hit

 

 

 

 

Births

1730 – Josiah Wedgwood, England, pottery designer/manufacturer (Wedgwood)

1817 – Henry David Thoreau, Concord Mass, naturalist/pacifist (Walden Pond), (d. 1862)

1854 – George Eastman, Waterville NY, inventor (Kodak camera)

1864 – George Washington Carver, botanist (studied the peanut) [or Jan 10]

1884 – Louis B. Mayer, Dymer, Ukraine, American film producer and creator of the star system (MGM)

1884 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italy, painter/sculptor (Reclining Nude)

1895 – Oscar Hammerstein II, NYC, lyricist who worked with Richard Rodgers

1895 – R Buckminster Fuller, architect/inventor (geodesic dome)

1908 – Milton Berle, Harlem NYC, comedian (Uncle Miltie, Mr Television)

1917 – Andrew Wyeth, Chadds Ford Pa, painter (Christina’s World)

1933 – Donald E. Westlake, American author

1937 – Bill Cosby, Phila, actor/comedian (I Spy, Cosby, Leonard Part 6)

1943 – Christine McVie, Lancashire, rock vocalist (Fleetwood Mac-Got A Hold on Me)

1949 – Rick Hendrick, American NASCAR team owner, and car dealer.

1951 – Cheryl Ladd, Huron SD, actress (Charlie’s Angels, Purple Hearts)

1978 – Michelle Rodriguez, American actress

 

 

 

 

Deaths

783 – Bertha “with the great feet”, wife of French king Pippin III, dies

1450 – Jack Cade, slain in a revolt against British King Henry VI

1536 – Desiderius Erasmus, humanist/priest (Novum instrumentum omne), dies

1712 – Richard Cromwell, English Lord Protector (1658-59), dies at 85

1804 – Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury, killed by Vice President Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken

1934 – Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)

1973 – Lon Chaney Jr, actor (Wolfman), dies after long illness at 66

1976 – Ted Mack, TV host (Original Amateur Hour), dies at 72

1983 – Chris Wood, rocker (Traffic), dies at 39

1992 – Albert Pierrepont, last British executioner (433 men/17 women), dies

1996 – John Chancellor, news anchor (VOA, NBC), dies at 68

2008 – Tony Snow, former speechwriter for Presidents George H.W. Bush and press secretary for George W. Bush (b. 1955)

2008 – Bobby Murcer, center fielder for the New York Yankees,San Francisco Giants, and Chicago Cubs from 1965-1983(b. 1946)

2011 – Sherwood Schwartz, American Television Writer (b. 1916)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

 

 

 

 

 Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

911 – Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.

1156 – Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.

1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

1405 – Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time.

1533 – Pope Clement VII excommunicated England’s King Henry VIII

1750 – Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire.

1776 – Captain James Cook begins his third voyage

1798 – US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress

1804 – Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

1812 – US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)

1864 – Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Wash DC

1888 – 118°F (48°C), Bennett, Colorado (state record)

1914 – Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleve 4-3

1922 – The Hollywood Bowl opens.

1936 – Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opens

1955 – New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colo with 300 cadets

1962 – Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight – 4 days

1962 – Fred Baldasare is 1st to swim English Channel underwater (scuba)

1975 – Chinese archeologists discover a 3-acre burial site with 6,000 clay statues of warriors dating as early as 221 BC

1985 – Astros’ Nolan Ryan, 1st to strike out 4000 (Mets’ Danny Heep)

2006 – 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.

 

 

 

 

Births

1274 – Robert Bruce, King of Scotland (1306-29)

1628 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)

1709 – Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist (d. 1785)

1767 – John Quincy Adams, Braintree (Quincy) Mass, 6th Pres (D) (1825-1829)

1897 – Blind Lemon Jefferson, rocker

1897 – Bull Connor, American law enforcement official (d. 1973)

1899 – E B White, writer (Charlotte’s Web, Elements of Style), (d. 1985)

1915 – Colin Purdie Kelly, US, 1st US air hero (during WW II)

1920 – Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (d. 1985)

1934 – Giorgio Armani, Milan Italy, fashion designer (American Gigolo)

1975 – Lil’ Kim, American rapper

 

 

 

 

Deaths

155 – Pius I, bishop of Rome (approx 140-155)/saint/martyr, dies

1581 – Peder Skram, Danish senator and naval hero

1690 – Friedrich H duke van Schomberg, marshal, dies in battle at 75

1775 – Simon Boerum, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)

1825 – Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)

1926 – Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist, dies at 57

1937 – George Gershwin, composer (American in Paris), dies at 38

1942 – Simon de la Bella, Dutch president (NVV), dies in Dachau

1971 – John W Campbell, US, sci-fi writer (Space Beyond), dies at 61

1973 – Robert Ryan, US actor (Dirty Dozens, Longest Day), dies at 63

1983 – Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian writer (b. 1915)

1989 – Laurence Olivier, acting great (Hamlet), dies at 82

2007 – Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

48 BC – Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.

988 – The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey.

1040 – Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes

1212 – The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.

1460 – Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton

1553 – Lady Jane Grey becomes queen of England

1584 – William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.

1778 – American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1797 – 1st US frigate, the “United States,” is launched in Phila

1890 – Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)

1910 – Chicago White Sox Comiskey Park opens, visiting Browns win 2-0

1911 – 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)

1913 – Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.

1936 – 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)

1936 – 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record

1936 – 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)

1936 – 112°F (44°C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record

1938 – “Yankee Clipper” completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

1938 – Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

1940 – Battle of Britain began as Nazi forces attacked by air (114 days)

1949 – WJAR TV channel 10 in Providence, RI (NBC) begins broadcasting

1962 – Telstar, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched

1965 – Rolling Stones score their 1st #1, “I Can’t Get No Satisfaction”

1979 – Chuck Berry sentenced to 4 months for $200,000 in tax evasion

1985 – French agents sink Greenpeace’s Rainbow Warrior in NZ

1997 – Hideki Irabu makes his debut as a NY Yankee, he beats Tigers 10-3

2002 – At a Sotheby’s auction, Peter Paul Rubens’ painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Kenneth, Lord Thomson.

2005 – Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle causing billions of dollars in damage.

 

 

 

 

Births

1452 – King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)

1509 – John Calvin, Protestant religious reformer/theologian

1723 – William Blackstone, London England, jurist (Blackstone’s Commentaries)

1834 – James A McNeill Whistler, US/British painter (Whistler’s Mother)

1839 – Adolphus Busch, German-born brewer (d. 1913)

1856 – Nikola Tesla, Croatian physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil

1871 – Marcel Proust, France, novelist (Remembrance of Things Past)

1897 – Jack “Legs” Diamond”, American bootlegger (d. 1931)

1914 – Saul Bellow, Quebec, novelist (Nobel 1976-Mr Samler’s Planet)

1921 – Jake LaMotta, Bronx New York, middleweight boxing champ (1949-51) (Raging Bull)

1923 – John Bradley, United States Navy corpsman, one of six who raised flag on top of Mt. Suribachi(see Iwo Jima) (d. 1994)

1926 – Fred Gwynne, NYC, actor (Car 54 Where Are You, Munsters)

1931 – Julian May, US, sci-fi author (Golden Torc, Magnificat)

1943 – Arthur Ashe, tennis pro (1968 US Open, 1975 Wimbledon)

1947 – Arlo Guthrie, Bkln, singer (Alice’s Restaurant, City of New Orleans)

1980 – Jessica Simpson, Abilene, Texas, singer and popstar (“I Wanna Love You Forever,” “I Think I’m In Love,” and “Where You Are.”) 

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1099 – El Cid, of Castile (b. 1044)

1535 – Jacob Van Campen, Reconstruction bishop, beheaded

1692 – Bridget Bishop, 1st Salem witch hanged

1851 – Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (b. 1787)

1863 – Clement Clarke Moore, (‘Twas the Night Before Xmas), dies at 83

1920 – John A “Jacky” Kilverston, adm/designer (dreadnought), dies at 79

1941 – Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton, pioneer jazz pianist, dies in LA at 56

1945 – Robert Goddard, Rocket pioneer, dies

1979 – Arthur Fiedler, orchestra leader (Boston Pops), dies at 84

1989 – Mel Blanc, cartoon voice (Warner Bros cartoons), dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1401 – Mongol monarch Timur Lenk destroys Baghdad

1540 – England’s King Henry VIII 6-mo marriage to Anne of Cleves annulled

1595 – Johannes Kepler inscribes geometric solid construction of universe

1755 – Brit Gen E Braddock mortally wounded during French & Indian War

1795 – James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt

1815 – 1st natural gas well in US is discovered

1853 – Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan

1877 – 1st Wimbledon tennis championship is held

1893 – Daniel Williams performs 1st successful open heart surgery without anesthesia

1910 – Walter Brookins becomes 1st to pilot an airplane to 1 mile altitude

1917 – British warship “Vanguard” explodes at Scapa Flow killing 804

1918 – 101 killed & 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tenn

1950 – 13.15″ (33.40 cm) of rainfall, York, Nebraska (state 24-hour record)

1955 – Bill Haley & Comets’ “Rock Around the Clock” tops billboards chart

1956 – Dick Clark’s 1st appearance as host of American Bandstand

1971 – Henry Kissinger visits China PR

1989 – Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.

1997 – Mike Tyson is banned from boxing, for biting Holyfield’s ear

1999 – Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.

 

 

 

 

Births

1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1571)

1766 – J Schopenhauer, writer

1802 – Thomas Davenport, invented 1st coml electric motor

1819 – Elias Howe, Spencer Mass, invented sewing machine

1856 – Daniel Guggenheim, US (Guggenheim Museum)

1901 – Barbara Cartland, romance author (Camfield #69)

1916 – Edward Heath, (C) British PM (1970-74)

1928 – Vince Edwards, Bkln NY, actor (Ben Casey, Matt Lincoln, Firehouse)

1932 – Donald Rumsfeld, politician (involved in Watergate)

1937 – David Hockney, Bradford England, artist (Pop Art)

1956 – Tom Hanks, Concord California, actor (Bossom Buddies, Forrest Gump, Phila)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1386 – Leopold III of Austria (b. 1351)

1746 – Philip V, French King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46), dies at 62

 

 

 

1797 – Edmund Burke, British author/parliament leader (Reflections), dies at 68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1850 – Zachary Taylor, 12th pres (1849-50), dies in White House at 65

1938 – Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (b. 1870)

1992 – Eric Sevareid, American reporter (b. 1912)

2002 – Rod Steiger, American actor (b. 1925)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

939 – The Major Occultation, or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi
951 – Paris is founded
1099 – First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
1283 – War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta
1497 – Vasco da Gama departs for trip to India
1579 – Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
1663 – King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island
1672 – Willem II becomes captain-/admiral-general
1680 – The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1693 – NYC authorizes 1st police uniforms in American colonies
1709 – Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes
1716 – Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen
1758 – English & Colonial assault on France at Ticonderoga, NY
1776 – Col John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Dec of Independence (Phila)
1777 – Vt becomes 1st state abolishing slavery, adopts male suffrage
1778 – George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
1792 – France declares war on Prussia
1796 – US State Dept issues 1st American passport
1797 – 1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
1800 – Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination to his son to prevent smallpox
1805 – American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
1816 – Frost in Waltham, MA
1822 – Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
1833 – Russia & Turkey sign defense treaty
1835 – Liberty Bell cracks (again)
1836 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches Saint-Helena
1838 – Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
1849 – St Paul’s Place in the Bronx named
1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
1859 – King Charles XV/Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
1861 – CS Gen Sibley is given command of rebel troops in NM territory
1861 – Skirmish at Florida, MI – A rebel encampment is attacked & dispersed
1862 – Odore R Timby patents revolving gun turret
1864 – The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi’s planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
1870 – Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
1870 – Gov Holden of NC declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection
1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.
1876 – White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5
1889 – John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds (last bare-knuckle bout)
1889 – Wall Street Journal begins publishing
1891 – 61°F, highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore & Phila
1892 – American Psychological Association organized, Worcester, Mass
1892 – St. John’s, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
1895 – Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South-Africa
1896 – William Jennings Bryan “cross of gold” speech at Dem convention
1897 – Harbor Hospital formally opens
1898 – Phillies Red Donahue no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
1898 – US battle fleet under adm Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila
1898 – The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
1900 – 1st night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids)
1902 – John McGraw, accused by Ban Johnson of trying to wreck Baltimore & Washington clubs, negotiates his release from the Orioles
1905 – Part of Angel Island allocated for Immigration Detention Center
1907 – Florenz Ziegfeld staged 1st `Follies’ on NY Theater roof
1909 – 1st pro baseball game (minor league) played under lights
1911 – Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcont trip by horse
1912 – G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles v Cambridge
1912 – Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight
1918 – Babe Ruth’s blast over the fence in Fenway scores Amos Strunk, the Red Sox win 1-0 over Cleve, prevailing rules reduce Babe’s HR to a triple
1919 – Pres Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference
1922 – 35th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats M Mallory (62 60)
1923 – Harding becomes 1st sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)
1923 – Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
1928 – Phillies set record of errorless 25 inning doubleheader
1932 – Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22
1932 – Herbert Sutcliffe scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Gloucs
1933 – 46th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats D Round (64 68 63)
1933 – Public Works Administration becomes effective
1935 – 3rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-1 at Municipal Stadium, Cleve
1938 – Would be start of Eng/Aust Test Cricket at Old Trafford Washout
1939 – 59th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bobby Riggs beats E Cooke (26 86 36 63 62)
1941 – 9th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-5 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
1941 – All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
1943 – 4th day of battle at Kursk: Gen Model uses last tank reserve
1943 – British air raid sinks U-232
1943 – NSB-leader A Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler
1943 – US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
1944 – British troops march into Caen
1944 – Japanese kamakize attacks on US lines at Saipan
1946 – “Tidbits of 1946″ opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 8 performances
1946 – Baseball grants $5,000 minimum salary
1947 – 14th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-1 at Wrigley Field, Chicago
1947 – Demolition begins for UN HQ in NYC
1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crashed landed in Roswell, New Mexico.
1948 – 500th anniversary Russian orthodox church celebrated in Moscow
1949 – Monte Irvin & Hank Thompson are 1st blacks to play for NY Giants
1950 – 33.4 cm rain fall at York, Nebraska (state record)
1950 – 57th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Louise Brough beats M duPont (61 36 61)
1950 – Gen Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief, UN forces in Korea
1950 – Leroy Deans awarded 1st Order of Purple Heart in Korea
1951 – Yankee Joe DiMaggio & mgr Casey Stengel feud
1952 – 19th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-2 in 5 at Shibe Park, Phila
1953 – US stops aid to Persia
1954 – KMOX (now KMOV) TV channel 4 in Saint Louis, MO (CBS) 1st broadcast
1954 – Military junta selects colonel Armas president of Guatemala
1956 – Joyce Ziske wins LPGA Syracuse Golf Open
1956 – US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1957 – Baeball Owners re-elect Commissioner Ford Frick
1957 – CDC incorporates
1957 – Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn-Fein leaders
1958 – 25th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-3 at Memorial Stadium, Balt
1960 – Fidel Castro ends Havana’s Intl League team, Sugar Kings move to NJ
1961 – Fred Trueman takes 5-0 in 24 balls to rip through Aussies
1961 – Portuguese steamer “Save” breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
1962 – Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Kelly Girls Golf Open
1963 – Reports of Charlie Finley’s intention to move KC A’s to Oakland
1963 – US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba
1965 – Joe Morgan is 1st Houston player with 6 hits in a game
1966 – US airline strike (until Aug 19th)
1966 – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
1967 – 74th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie Jean King beats A Jones (63 64)
1967 – Helen Weston of Detroit rolls a record 4,585 in 24 games
1968 – Israeli-Egyptian artillery duel along Suez Canal
1969 – Thor Heyerdahl & reed raft Ra II land in Barbados 57 days from Morocco
1969 – US troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam
1969 – IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.
1970 – SF Giant Jim Ray Hart is 8th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (5th)
1971 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1972 – US sells grain to USSR for $750 million
1973 – Mary Lou Crocker wins LPGA MARC Equity Golf Classic Crocker
1973 – NY Mets are 12½ games back in NL and go on to win pennant
1974 – USSR performs underground nuclear test
1974 – Yank shortstop Jim Mason ties record with 4 doubles in 9 inn game
1975 – Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West-Germany
1975 – Pres Ford announced he’ll seek Republican nomination for pres
1975 – Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
1976 – Randy Jones wins NL record 16 games before All Star break
1977 – Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hrs)
1978 – 92nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats Jimmy Connors (62 62 63)
1978 – Alessandro Pertini elected pres of Italy
1978 – Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus
1979 – Congo adopts constitution
1979 – Don Martina’s MAN party wins election in Dutch Antilles
1979 – Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1979 – Voyager 2 takes 1st ever photo of Jupiter’s satellite Adrastea (J14)
1980 – 51st All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-2 at Dodger Stadium, LA
1980 – All star MVP: Ken Griffey (Cin Reds)
1981 – France performs nuclear test
1981 – PM Maurois nationalizes banks/plane/steel industry in France
1981 – Senate confirms Sandra Day O’Conner to Supreme Court (99-0)
1982 – “7 Brides for 7 Brothers” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 5 perfs
1982 – Billy Martin records his 1,000th career win as a manager
1982 – Porn star John Homes convicted of receiving stolen property
1982 – Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized.
1983 – Rudi Koopmans retains European middleweight title
1984 – 98th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John McEnroe beats J Connors (61 61 62)
1984 – Lauri Peterson wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1985 – 99th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Boris Becker beats K Curren (63 67 76 64)
1985 – Marge Schott becomes CEO of Cincinnati Red
1986 – Farthest thrown object-an “Aerobie” flying ring, 383 m (1,257′)
1986 – NASA establishes Safety, Reliability Maintain & Quality Assurance
1986 – Zimbabwe beats Netherlands by 25 runs to win ICC Trophy
1987 – Kitty Dukakis, revealed addiction to amphetamines for 26 years
1988 – Indians’ Bud Black sets club record for most batters hit in inning (3)
1988 – Miami Arena opens
1988 – Rockers Jonathan “Chico” & Robert DeBarge indicted on drug trafficking
1988 – Stevie Wonder announces he will run for mayor of Detroit in 1992
1989 – Carlos Saul Menum becomes pres of Argentina
1989 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1990 – 12:34:56 on 7/8/90 (1234567890)
1990 – Brewers beat Angels 20-7, including 13 in 5th inning
1990 – Germany beats Argentina 1-0 for soccer’s 14th World Cup at Rome
1990 – Greg Lemond wins his 3rd Tour de France (90:43:20 avg 23.3 mph)
1990 – Tina Purtzer wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1990 – Trailing 7-0, Brewers tie Angels & then score 13 in 5th to win 20-7
1991 – Pitts Pirate Pres Carl Barger becomes 1st pres of Fla Marlins
1991 – Major league umpire Steve Palermo & former NFL defensive lineman Terence Mann were shot trying to help 2 waitresses from being robbed
1992 – Florida Marlins unveil their uniform
1992 – Thomas Klestil installed as president of Austria
1992 – Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities.
1994 – Preliminary trial rules there is enough evidence to try OJ Simpson
1994 – Sonia O’Sullivan runs female 2K world record (5:25.36)
1994 – Space shuttle STS-65 (Columbia 17), launches
1994 – St Maarten “Godfather” Claude Wathey sentenced to 1½ years
1995 – 102nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Graf beats Arantxa S Vicario (46 61 75)
1995 – 1st CFL game between 2 US teams, Las Vegas Posse vs Sacramento Gold
1997 – 68th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Jacobs Field, Cleveland
1997 – NATO invites Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic to join
1999 – Allen Lee Davis is executed by electrocution by the state of Florida, the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in Florida.
2003 – Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old boy who subsequently dies as a result of his injuries.
2011 – Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program.
2012 – Roadside car bomb kills 14 civilians in Afghanistan’s Kandahar Province
2012 – Tens of thousands protest over election corruption in Mexico City after Enrique Pe

Births

1528 – Emanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy/governor of Netherland
1545 – Don Carlos, son of Spanish king Philip II
1574 – Giovanni Battista Stefanini, composer
1593 – Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter (d. 1653)
1604 – Heinrich Albert, Germany, composer (Arien oder Melodien)
1621 – Jean de la Fontaine, French poet (Fables)
1637 – Johann Georg Ebeling, composer
1638 – Matteo Coferati, composer
1757 – Richard Wainwright, composer
1760 – Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
1766 – Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
1792 – Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
1809 – Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja)
1819 – Alexander Hays, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
1819 – Vatroslav Lisinski, composer
1819 – Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
1821 – William Harvey Lamb Wallace, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1824 – Waldimir “Kriz” Krzyzanowski, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1826 – Benjamin Henry Grierson, Major General (Union volunteers)
1826 – Robert Kingston Scott, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1829 – Pierre A Vicomte de Ponson du Terrail, French serial writer
1830 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
1830 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)
1836 – Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies
1838 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Baden Germany, inventor (rigid dirigibles), (d. 1917)
1839 – John D Rockefeller, Richford New York, US capitalist/founder (Standard Oil), (d. 1937)
1844 – Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator (Boston Cooking School)
1851 – Arthur J Evans, English archaeologist (Crete)
1857 – Rudolf Dellinger, composer
1867 – Kathe Kollwitz, Germany, print maker/sculptor (Bauernkrieg)
1869 – William V Moody, US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
1870 – Marie C of Zeggelen, Dutch novelist (Koloniaaltje)
1871 – Clement Harris, composer
1871 – Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
1878 – Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
1882 – Percy Grainger, Melbourne, composer/pianist/conductor (Hill Songs)
1882 – Waverley John Anderson, Scottish viscount/governor of Bengal
1885 – Ann Jemima Flower, oldest resident of Netherlands
1885 – Emil Bloch, German philosopher
1889 – Eugene Pallette, Winfield KS, actor (Adv of Robin Hood, Mark of Zorro)
1890 – W Hasenvlever, writer
1891 – Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Poor Part, Bruidstijd)
1891 – Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Working Day)
1892 – Richard Aldington, writer
1892 – Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
1893 – Fritz Perls, father of Gestalt therapy
1894 – Clemens VI Trefois, Flemish architect/sociologist
1895 – Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer/director (God & the Worms)
1898 – Alec Waugh, London, novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn
1898 – Melville Ruick, Boise Idaho, actor (Barton-City Hospital)
1899 – David Eli Lilienthal, US government organizer (Wisconsin)
1900 – George Antheil, Trenton NJ, composer (Airplane Sonata)
1901 – Donald Benjamin Harden, archaeologist
1904 – Bill Challis, arranger/pianist
1904 – Henri Cartan, French mathematician
1905 – Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
1906 – Philip Johnson, Cleveland Ohio, Cortalyou architect
1907 – George W Romney, (Gov-R-Mich)/US Secretary of HUD (1969-73)
1907 – Kishio Hirao, composer
1908 – Louis Jordan, Ark, alto saxman (Caldonia)
1908 – Nelson A Rockefeller, (Gov-R-NY) 41st VP (1974-77)
1909 – Petar Segedin, Croatian novelist (Holy Devil)
1910 – Govan AM Mbeki, South African leader (ANC/SACP)
1911 – Gertrude Niesen, NY, actress (Start Cheering)
1911 – Ken Farnes, cricket bowler (fast England in pre-WW II years)
1912 – Jacques Stehman, composer
1913 – Walter Kerr, NY drama critic (Sad Clowns)
1914 – Billy Eckstine, Pittsburgh PA, jazz singer (Tenderly, A Fool in Love)
1914 – Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
1915 – Charles Hard Townes, Greenville SC, physicist (developed lasers)
1917 – Faye Emerson, Elizabeth La, actress (I’ve Got a Secret)
1917 – Glenn Langan, Denver Colorado, actor (Amazing Colossal Man, Margie)
1917 – Pamela Brown, London England, actress (Cleopatra, Beckett)
1918 – Craig Stevens, Liberty Mo, actor (Craig-Dallas, Peter Gunn)
1919 – Walter Scheel, German Foreign minister/president
1920 – Dolph Sweet, NYC, actor (Gimme a Break, Which Way is Up)
1920 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish industrialist (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
1923 – Harrison Dillard, Cleve, 100m runner (Oly-4 gold-1948, 52)
1924 – Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (d. 2005)
1926 – Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, author/physician/educator
1926 – John D Dingell, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1955- )
1927 – Carlo Franci, composer
1927 – Maurice Hayes, Irish politician
1928 – Carol Henry, Newark NJ, choreographer (Garry Moore Show)
1928 – Norma Donaldson, singer/actress (Poetic Justice, 5 Heartbeats)
1929 – Shirley Ann Grau, author (Keepers of the House)
1930 – Valeri Aleksandrovich Yazdovsky, Russian cosmonaut
1931 – Jerry Vale, [Genaro Louis Vitaliano], NYC, singer (Arriverderci Roma)
1931 – Louis Ballard, composer
1931 – Roone Arledge, Forest Hills NY, head of sports broadcasting (ABC)
1933 – Antonio Lamer, French Canadian lawyer and chief justice
1934 – Marty Feldman, London England, comedian (Young Frankenstein)
1934 – Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician
1935 – John David Crow, football player (Heisman Trophy 1957)
1935 – Steve Lawrence, Bkln, singer/actor (Go Away Little Girl, Lonely Guy)
1935 – Vitali Ivanovich Sevastiyanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 9, 18B)
1936 – Rudolf W de Korte, Dutch Unilever-director/minister EA (L)
1937 – Barbara Ann Loden, actress (Ernie Kovac’s Show)
1938 – Marian Ackerman, women’s rights advocacy administrator
1940 – Marcia Rodd, actress (Little Murders, T R Baskins)
1941 – Dario Gradi, Italian-born football manager
1942 – Chuck Negron, Bronx NY, rock vocalist (3 Dog Night-Joy to the World)
1942 – Janice Pennington, Kansas, playmate (May 1971)/model (Price is Right)
1942 – Phil Gramm, (Sen-R Texas, 1985- )
1943 – Faye Wattleton, St Louis Mo, sociologist/pres (Planned Parenthood)
1944 – Jaimoe “Johnny” Johanson, US rock drummer (Allman Brothers)
1944 – Jeffrey Tambor, SF California, actor (Jeffrey-Ropers, Larry Sanders)
1945 – Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
1946 – Cynthia Gregory, LA, ballerina (NY Ballet Co)
1947 – Kim Darby, American actress
1947 – Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
1948 – Kim Darby, N Hollywood, actr (True Grit, Enola Gay, Rich Man Poor Man)
1948 – Raffi, children’s singer (Baby Beluga)
1949 – Frank Delima, American comedian
1949 – Dale Hoganson, Canadian ice hockey player
1949 – Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef
1951 – Anjelica Huston, Los Angeles California, actress (Prizzi’s Honor, Alien)
1951 – Greg T Walker, rock bassist (Blackfoot)
1951 – Pleas Ned Sublette, composer
1952 – Ulrich Wehling, German DR, cross country (Olympic-gold-1972, 76, 80)
1952 – Jack Lambert, American football player
1952 – Anna Quindlen, American columnist
1953 – Jonathan Segal, NYC, actor (Jonathan-Paper Chase)
1955 – Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress
1956 – Millard Frank Hampton, Fresno Cal, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1976)
1956 – Russell Christian, rocker (Christians-Harvest the World)
1957 – Clyde Butts, cricketer (West Indies off-spinner late eighties)
1958 – Carlos Cavazo, rocker (Quiet Riot – Metal Health)
1958 – Fred Young, Glasgow Ky, singer (Kentucky Headhunters-Davy Crockett)
1958 – Kevin Bacon, Phila Pa, actor (Diner, Footloose, She’s Having a Baby)
1958 – Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician
1958 – Pauline Quirke, British actress
1958 – Andreas Carlgren, Swedish politician
1959 – Robert Knepper, American actor
1960 – Jeff Stork, Longview Wash, volleyball setter (Olympics-G-88,B-92, 96)
1960 – Valerie Pettiford, Queens, New York, American actress (One Life to Live, Half & Half)
1961 – Andy Fletcher, rocker (Depeche Mode-Just Can’t Get Enough)
1961 – Graham Jones, rock guitarist (Haircut 100)
1961 – Toby Keith, American singer
1962 – Martin Pavlu, hockey forward (Team Italy 1998)
1962 – Rob Burnett, North Caldwell NJ, head writer (David Letterman)
1963 – Bob Ctvrtlik, Long Beach Cal, volleyball outsider (Oly-G-88,B-92, 96)
1963 – Mike Ridley, Winnipeg, NHL center (Vancouver Canucks)
1963 – Pablo Magallon, jockey
1964 – Alexei Gusarov, Moscow Russia, NHL defenseman (Colorado Avalanche)
1964 – Maryalice Demler, N Tonawanda NY, Miss NY-America (1991)
1965 – Corey Parker, NYC, actor (How I Got into College, Roger-Eddie Dodd)
1965 – Lee Tergesen, American actor
1967 – Mikhail Borodulin, hockey forward (Team Kazakhstan 1998)
1967 – Jordan Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer
1968 – C B Washington, NFLer (Jacksonville Jaguars)
1968 – Glen Featherstone, Toronto, NHL defenseman (Hartford Whalers)
1968 – Michael Weatherly, NYC, actor (Cooper Alden-The City/Loving)
1968 – Michel Langerak, soccer player (Dordrecht ’90)
1968 – Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu
1968 – Billy Crudup, American actor
1969 – Bobby Ayala, Oxnard CA, pitcher (Seattle Mariners)
1969 – Dana Hall, NFL safety (Cleveland Browns)
1969 – Ernie Young, Chicago IL, outfielder (Oakland A’s)
1969 – Lisa Arce, Manhattan Beach CA, WPVA volleyballer (National-4th-1995)
1969 – Lori Hallier, Victoria BC Canada, actress (Shannon-Santa Barbara)
1969 – Sugizo Japanese guitarist and singer
1970 – Lisa Powell, Sydney NSW Australia, field hockey forward (Olympics-96)
1970 – Marlies Askamp, WNBA forward (Phoenix Mercury)
1970 – Todd Martin, Hinsdale Ill, tennis star (1988 USTA Boys’ 18)
1970 – Beck, American singer
1971 – Jeff Kopp, NFL linebacker (Miami Dolphins)
1971 – John Achterberg, soccer player (NAC)
1971 – Wendy Benson, NYC, actress (Meredith-As the World Turns)
1972 – Brandon Rock, Las Vegas Nevada, 800m runner
1972 – Jay Bellamy, NFL safety (Seattle Seahawks)
1972 – Karl Dykhuis, Sept-iles, NHL defenseman (Phila Flyers)
1972 – Saurav Ganguly, cricketer (centuries in 1st two Tests for India 1996)
1972 – Tom Hutton, NFL punter/kicker (Philadelphia Eagles)
1972 – Shōsuke Tanihara, Japanese actor
1973 – Kathleen Robertson, actress (Beverly Hills 90210)
1974 – Demetrius Allen, NFL wide receiver (Atlanta Falcons)
1974 – Zhanna Friske, Russian actress and singer
1974 – Tami Erin, American actress and model
1975 – Elias Viljanen, Finnish Guitarist
1976 – Michael Renfurm, Surinam/Dutch soccer player (Sparta)
1976 – Staci Wilson, Livingston NJ, soccer defender (Olympics-96)
1976 – Talal El Karkouri, Moroccan footballer
1976 – David Kennedy, American guitarist (Angels & Airwaves)
1977 – Wang Zhizhi, Chinese basketball player
1977 – Milo Ventimiglia, American actor
1980 – Robbie Keane, Irish footballer
1981 – Anastasia Myskina, Russian tennis player
1982 – Hakim Warrick, American basketball player
1982 – Joshua Alba, American actor
1982 – Sophia Bush, American actress
1983 – Jaroslav Janiš, Czech racing car driver
1983 – Elizabeth Del Mar, American pornographic actress
1983 – John Bowker, American baseball player
1984 – Alexis Dziena, American actress
1985 – Jamie Cook, British musician (Arctic Monkeys)
1986 – Renata Costa, Brazilian footballer
1987 – Vlada Roslyakova, Russian model
1992 – Taylor Maine Pearl Brooks, daughter of country singer Garth Brooks
1992 – Benjamin Grosvenor, British pianist

Deaths

810 – Pepin, son of Charlemagne, King of Italy, dies (birth date unknown)
975 – Edgar, King of England (959-75), dies
1115 – Petrus van Amiens, French Crusades predictor, dies
1153 – Eugene III, [Bernardo], Italian Pope (1145-53), dies
1249 – Alexander II, King of Scots (1215-49), dies at 51
1253 – Thibaud IV, poet/count of Champagne/King of Navarra, dies
1496 – Benedetto Bonfiglio, Italian painter, dies
1531 – Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor, dies at 71
1538 – Diego de Almagro, Spanish conquistador (Chile/Peru), killed at Las Salinas at about 63
1623 – Gregory XV, [Alessandro Ludovisi], bishop of Bologna/Pope, dies at 69
1656 – Alexander van der Capellen, mister of Aartsbergen, dies at about 64
1679 – Samuel J Columbus, Swedish poet (Odae Sveticae), dies
1681 – Georg Neumark, composer, dies at 60
1689 – Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
1695 – Christiaan Huygens, Dutch scientist (b. 1629)
1716 – Robert South, English churchman (b. 1634)
1721 – Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)
1726 – John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
1784 – Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
1822 – Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 29
1826 – Luther Martin, American statesman (b. 1748)
1850 – Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
1855 – Sir William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer (b. 1790)
1859 – F J Oscar I, King of Sweden/Norway (1844-59), dies at 60
1863 – Francis P Kenrick, Irish/US archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 65
1870 – John D Zocher Jr, architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
1876 – Josef Dessauer, composer, dies at 78
1885 – Henry Waelput, Flemish composer/conductor (Blessing of Arms), dies
1894 – Vladimir Nikitich Kashperov, composer, dies
1895 – Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
1898 – Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
1905 – Walter Kittredge, American musician (b. 1834)
1909 – Gaston AA marquis de Gallifet, Fren min of War (1899-1900), dies at 79
1913 – Louis Hémon, French-born writer (b. 1880)
1917 – Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
1932 – Florenz Ziegfeld, US theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies), dies
1933 – Anthony Hope, British author (b. 1863)
1934 – Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
1939 – [Henry] Havelock Ellis, English sexologist (Man & Woman), dies at 80
1941 – Philippe Gaubert, composer, dies at 62
1941 – Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
1942 – Catherinus Elling, composer, dies at 83
1943 – Harry Oakes, Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
1943 – Jean “Max” Moulin, French resistance fighter, executed
1946 – Aleksander V Aleksandrov, Russian composer/conductor, dies at 63
1948 – Dave Nourse, cricketer (45 Tests for South Africa 1902-24), dies
1949 – Antun Sa’ada, Syrian rightwing politician, executed in Lebanon
1949 – Riccadro Pick-Mangiagalli, composer, dies at 66
1950 – Othmar Spann, Austrian economist/sociologist (Wahre State), dies at 71
1956 – Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, dutch min of Justice (Nobel 54), dies
1956 – Giovanni Papini, Italian author/poet (Un Uomo Finito), dies at 75
1957 – Grace Goodhue Coolidge, 1st lady (1923-29), dies at 78
1957 – Henry Fevrier, composer, dies at 81
1957 – William Cadbury, chocolate maker, dies at 89
1959 – Dale Buisand & Chester Ovnand, 1st Americans killed in Vietnam War
1961 – Julian Bautista, composer, dies at 60
1962 – Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (b. 1897)
1967 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani political figure (b. 1893)
1971 – Charlie Shavers, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1920)
1973 – Wilfred Rhodes, cricketer (4187 1st-class wickets, most ever), dies
1979 – Michael Wilding, actor (Waterloo, Zarakm Naked Edge), dies
1979 – Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
1979 – Robert B. Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
1981 – Loring Smith, actor (Hartmans), dies at 86
1982 – Isa Miranda, model/actress (Summertime), dies of infected bone at 77
1984 – Christine McIntyre, actress (3 Stooges), dies at 73
1985 – Gardner Cowles Jr, US publisher (Look Magazine), dies at 82
1985 – Phil Foster, comedian (Frank De Fazio-Laverne & Shirley), dies at 72
1985 – Simon Kuznets, US economist (Nobel 1971), dies at 84
1986 – Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (b. 1909)
1987 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (b. 1896)
1987 – Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
1988 – Ray Barbuti, American athlete (b. 1905)
1990 – Howard Duff, actor (Heist, Knots Landing), dies of heart attack at 72
1990 – Malcolm Hilton, English cricket slow left-arm (4 Tests), dies
1991 – James Franciscus, actor (Mr Novak), dies at of emphysema 57
1991 – Lotte Palfi Andor, actress (Lovesick, All the Jazz), dies
1994 – Christian-Jaque, French director (Babette s’and va-t-and guerre), dies
1994 – Dick Sargent, actor (Darren-Bewitched), dies of cancer at 64
1994 – Dominic Lucero, dancer/singer, dies of lymphatic cancer
1994 – Kim Il Sung, president of North-Korea (1948-94), dies at 82
1994 – Robert E Lee, dies of cancer at 75
1994 – Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (b. 1927)
1995 – Elizabeth Adams, madam, dies at 65
1996 – Amschel Rothschild, banker, dies at 41
1996 – Ernest Armstrong, miner/politician, dies at 81
1996 – James Woodie Alexander, songwriter/vocalist, dies at 80
1996 – Thomas Mitchell, architect/engineer, dies at 90
1997 – Charles Drake, geologist, dies of heart attack at 92
1999 – Pete Conrad, American astronaut (b. 1930)
2001 – John O’Shea, New Zealand film director (b. 1920)
2002 – Ward Kimball, American animator (b. 1914)
2004 – Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)
2004 – Jean Lefebvre, French actor (b. 1922)
2006 – June Allyson, American actress (b. 1917)
2006 – Peter Hawkins, British actor/voice actor (b. 1924)
2011 – Roberts Blossom, American actor and poet (b. 1924)
2011 – Mary Fenech Adami, First Lady of Malta (b. 1933)
2011 – Betty Ford, First Lady of the United States (b. 1918)
2012 – Ernest Borgnine, American actor, dies from renal failure at 95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1456 – A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death

1534 – European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick.

1550 – Chocolate introduced

1668 – Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge

1754 – Kings College in NYC opens (renamed Columbia College)

1777 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton

1802 – 1st comic book “The Wasp,” is published

1846 – US annexs California

1863 – 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)

1898 – US annexes Hawaii

1905 – 127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record)

1928 – Sliced bread is sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri. It is described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped”. 

1943 – 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova

1947 – Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident.

1962 – Bill Hartack becomes 8th jockey to win 3,000 horse races

1967 – Doors’ “Light My Fire” hits #1

1973 – 1st all-US women’s Wimbledon, Billie Jean King beats Chris Evert

1976 – Viking 2 goes into orbit around Mars

1980 – Az Judge Sandra Day O’Connor 1st female nominated to Supreme Court

1986 – IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 (updated) released

1997 – Tower Minn temps dip to 24°F

2005 – Coordinated terrorist bomb blasts strike London’s public transport system during the morning rush hour killing 52 and injuring 700

 

 

 

 

Births

1053 – Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)

1656 – Guru Har Krishan, 8th Guru of Sikhism (d. 1664)

1899 – George Cukor, producer/director (Adam’s Rib, Philadelphia Story)

1901 – Vittorio de Sica, Italian actor/director (Fietsendieven)

1906 – [Leroy] Satchel Paige, baseball pitcher, never look back

1907 – Robert A[nson] Heinlein, US, sci-fi author (4 Hugos, Red Planet)

1922 – Pierre Cardin, Paris France, fashion designer (Unisex)

1927 – Doc Severinson, [Carl], Arlington Oregon, bandleader/trumpeter on the Tonight Show

1931 – David Eddings, US, sci-fi author (Belgariad, Malloreon)

1933 – David McCullough, actor (Huey Long)

1940 – Richard K Armey, (Rep-R-Texas, 1985- )

1944 – Tony Jacklin, Scunthorpe England, PGA golfer (1970 US Open)

1948 – Larry Reinhardt, rocker (Iron Butterfly)

1959 – Jessica Hahn, evangelist rape victim/model (playboy)/actress

1980 – Michele Kwan, Torrance California, figure skater (Oly-94, Oly-silver-98)

 

 

 

 

 Deaths

1307 – Edward I, King of England (1272-1307), dies at 68

1647 – Thomas Hooker, clergyman, father of American democracy, dies

1694 – Dokusho, Zen teacher, Obaku line, dies

1701 – William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)

1865 – Mary Surratt, & 3 other Lincoln conspirators, hanged

1893 – Guy de Maupassant, writer, dies at 42

1901 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (b. 1827)

1930 – Arthur Conan Doyle, British writer (Sherlock Holmes), dies at 71

1967 – Vivian Leigh, actress (Scarlet-Gone with the Wind), dies at 53

1983 – George Cukor, director (My Fair Lady), dies on 84th birthday

1984 – Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (b. 1941)

2006 – Syd Barrett, original guitarist and vocalist of the band Pink Floyd (b. 1946)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1189 – Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England.

1415 – Jan Hus is burned at the stake.

1590 – English admiral Francis Drake takes Portuguese Forts at Taag

1699 – Pirate Capt William Kidd is captured in Boston

1775 – Congress issues “Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms,” listing grievances but denying intent to be independent

1777 – British Gen Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans

1848 – Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo

1885 – Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine

1892 – Striking steel workers in Homestead, Pa fire on scabs, killing 7

1894 – Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike

1908 – Robert Peary’s expedition sails from NYC for north pole

1917 – T E Lawrence captures Port of Agaba from Turkey

1919 – British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)

1928 – 1st all-talking motion picture shown in NY (Lights of NY)

1933 – 1st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-2 at Comiskey Park, Chicago

1936 – 114°F (46°C), Moorhead, Minnesota (state record)

1936 – 121°F (49°C), Steele, North Dakota (state record)

1943 – 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed

1944 – 170 die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford Conn

1947 – The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.

1970 – California passes 1st “no fault” divorce law

1986 – Bob Horner becomes 11th player to hit 4 home runs in a game

2003 – The 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar sends a METI message Cosmic Call 2 to 5 stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri, HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris that will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively.

 

 

 

 

Births

1747 – John Paul Jones, naval hero (“I have not yet begun to fight”)

1796 – Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55)

1907 – M C Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter/wife of Diego Rivera

1918 – Sebastian Cabot, London, actor (Mr French-Family Affair, Time Machine)

1921 – Nancy Davis Reagan, [Anne Francis Robbins], NYC, 1st Lady (1981-89)

1923 – Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general/pres (1989-90)

1927 – Janet Leigh, [Jeanetta Morrison], Merced CA, actress (Psycho), (d. 2004)

1927 – Pat Paulsen, Wash, comedian/pres candidate (Smothers Bros Show)

1935 – 14th Dalai Lama, Tibetan spiritual leader

1946 – George W. Bush Jr, New Haven, Connecticut, 43rd President of the United States (2001-09) and 46th Governor of Texas (1995-2000) (R-TX)

1946 – Sylvester Stallone, NYC, actor/director (Rocky, Rambo, Cobra)

1948 – Tom Curley, American media executive

1950 – Phyllis Hyman, jazz Singer

1975 – 50 Cent, American rapper

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1189 – Henry II, King of England (1154-89), dies at 56

1415 – Jan Hus, burned for heresy by the Church at Constance, Germany

1535 – Thomas More, philosopher (Utopia), executed for treason at 57

1762 – Peter III Feodorovich, tsar of Russia (1761-62), murdered at 34

1802 – Daniel Morgan, American Revolutionary general and politician (b. ~1735)

1835 – John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1755)

1962 – William Faulkner, US author (Nobel 1949), dies at 64

1971 – Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong, jazz musician (Hello Dolly), dies at 71

1975 – Otto Skorzeny, German/Austrian SS (Mussolini/Ardennen), dies

1998 – Roy Rogers, American actor (b. 1911)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1054 – Brightest supernova (Crab Nebula) 1st reported

1596 – English fleet under the earl of Essex plunder Cadiz

1643 – 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)

1687 – Isaac Newton’s PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England

1813 – War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin.

1865 – US Secret Service began operating under the Treasury Department

1891 – Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD

1919 – Red Sox Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a game for his 1st of 72 times

1935 – FDR signs National Labor Relations Act

1936 – 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)

1937 – 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)

1937 – Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.

1943 – Battle of Kursk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)

1945 – World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.

1946 – Louis Reard’s bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show

1948 – Britain’s National Health Service Act begins

1954 – B-52A bomber made its maiden flight

1967 – Congo uprising under Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme

1969 – Rolling Stones play a free concert in London’s Hyde Park

1971 – 26th amendment certified (reduces voting age to 18)

1984 – Supreme Court weakens 70-year-old “exclusionary rule”-evidence seized with defective court warrants can now be used in criminal trials

 

 

 

 

Births

1675 – Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials

1794 – Sylvester Graham, developed graham cracker

1801 – David Glasgow Farragut, Tenn, Vice Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1870

1841 – William C. Whitney, American financier (d. 1904)

1853 – Cecil John Rhodes, South Africa, politician/diamond merchant

1928 – Warren Oates, Depoy Ky, actor (East of Eden, Stoney Burke)

1944 – Robbie Robertson, [Jamie], Toronto Canada, rock guitarist (Band)

1958 – Meredith Ann Pierce, US, sci-fi author (Darkangel)

1958 – Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician

1996 – Dolly the sheep, first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell born in Scotland

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1472 – Charles of Artois, Count of Eu, French military leader (b. 1394)

1929 – Henry Lincoln Johnson, Member of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), first American to receive the Croix de guerre (b. 1897)

1948 – Carole Landis, US actress (1 Million BC, Topper Returns), dies at 29

1950 – Kenneth Shadrick, Pvt from WV becomes 1st US fatality in Korean War

1993 – Harrison E Salisbury, US journalist (NY Times), dies at 84

2002 – Ted Williams, baseball hall of famer and last player to bat over.400 in a single season (Boston Red Sox) dies at 84

2005 – James Stockdale, U.S. Navy vice admiral (b. 1923)

2007 – George Melly, British jazz & blues musician (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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