Tag Archive: Births


Today In The Past

 

 

Events

607 - Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth

1012 - Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London.

1451 - Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne

1529 - 2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism

1539 - Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt

 

 

 

1587 - Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain & sinks Spanish fleet

 

 

 

 

 

 

1619 - Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam

1770 - Capt James Cook 1st sees Australia

1775 - Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon

 

 

 

1775 - American Revolution begins - Lexington Commonshot “heard round the world

 

 

 

 

 

 

1782 - John Adams secures Dutch Republic’s recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

1861 - Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed

1861 - Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)

1874 - Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire

1892 - Charles Duryea takes 1st American-made auto out for a spin (Mass)

1897 - 1st American marathon ran, John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston)

1906 - SF Earthquake ends killing 452

1909 - Joan of Arc receives beatification

1910 - Halley’s comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)

1919 - Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall

1923 - New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers

1928 - The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.

1933 - FDR announces US will leave gold standard

1934 - 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8

1934 - Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, “Stand Up & Cheer”

1936 - First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.

1939 - Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)

1940 - “Lake Shore Ltd” derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls NY

1941 - Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia

1943 - Bicycle Day – Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.

1944 - Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra

1945 - US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid

1945 - US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa

1947 - AAU record for a 25′ rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds

1947 - French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522

1949 - Yankees dedicate a plaque for Babe Ruth

1951 - Gen Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

1955 - The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.

1960 - Baseball uniforms begin displaying player’s names on their backs

1960 - Comiskey Park’s famed “exploding” scoreboard begins operating

1962 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900m

1965 - 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating

1965 - At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun’s glare, this causes the grass to die

1971 - Charles Manson sentenced to life (Sharon Tate murder)

1979 - FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Bkln NY)

1982 - Guinon Bluford announced as 1st black astronaut

1982 - Rosie Ruiz, marathon race cheater, arrested for forgery

1982 - Sally Ride announced as 1st woman astronaut

1984 - Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs 1st appears in print (Nature mag)

1986 - Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1987 - Gregory Robertson does 200-mph free fall to save unconscious skydiver

1987 - Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve

 

 

 

1989 - Gun turret explodes on USS Iowakilling 47 sailors

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 - Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas & incoming government agree to truce

1990 - Marla Maples appears on ABC’s Prime-Time

1990 - Pistons & 76′ers get into a fight accruing $162,500 fines (NBA record)

1991 - Evander Holyfield beats George Foreman in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1991 - Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990

1993 - Branch Davidians in Waco Texas dies in fire after 51 day siege (accident, suicide, tear gas are disputed causes)

1993 - South Dakota governor George Mickelson and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crashed lands in Iowa.

1994 - Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10km (11:25.88)

1994 - Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election

1994 - Rodney King award $3,800,000 in compensation of police beating

1994 - Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender

 

 

 

1995 - Truck bomb at Federal Building in Oklahoma Citykills 168 & injures 500

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 - Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave.

2011 - Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba’s central committee after 45 years of holding the title.

 

 

 

Births 

1320 - Pedro I, King of Portugal (1357-67)

1603 - Michel le Tellier, French statesman (d. 1685)

1658 - Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (d. 1716)

1665 - Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (d. 1721)

1686 - Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman (d. 1750)

 

 

 

1721 - Roger Shermansigner (Decl of IndConstitution)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1768 - Adrian H Haworth, English entomologist/botanist

1787 - Deaf Smith, American frontiersman and revolutionary (d. 1837)

1801 - Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist

1821 - Mortimer Dormer Leggett, Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1896

1832 - Jose Echegaray y Eizaguirre, mathematician/dramatist (Nobel 1904)

1832 - Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, 1st lady (1881)

1858 - May Robson, [Mary J Robison], Melbourne Aust, actress (Apple Annie)

1866 - Henri WA Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell)

1868 - Max Von Schillings, German composer/conductor (Der Pfeifertag)

1874 - Ernst Rüdin, Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist (d. 1952)

 

 

 

1877 - Ole Evinrudeinventor (outboard marine engine)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1883 - Richard von Mises, Austrian-born mathematician (d. 1953)

1903 - Eliot Ness, untouchable (FBI agent-Chicago)

1905 - John S “Jimmy” Thach, US pilot/admiral (WW II)

1907 - Alan Wheatley, England, actor (Adventure of Robin Hood)

1912 - Glenn T Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951)

1920 - Frank Fontaine, Cambridge Mass, comedian (Crazy Guggenheim)

1922 - Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot (downed 352 Russian aircrafts)

1928 - Alexis Korner, Paris, musician (Blues Inc-Bootleg Him)

1931 - Alex Webster, Kearney, New Jersey, football coach (NY Giants), (d. 2012)

1932 - Andrea Mead Lawrence, Rutland Vt, alpine slalom skier (Oly-2 gold-52)

1933 - Jayne Mansfield, [Vera Jane Palmer], Bryn Mawr Pa, American actress (Fat Spy)

1933 - Dick Sargent, Carmel California, actor (Darrin-Bewitched)

1934 - Dickie Goodman, parody singer (Flying Saucer)

1935 - Dudley Moore, London England, actor (10, Arthur, Bedazzled, 6 Weeks)

1937 - Elinor Donahue, Tacoma Wash, actress (Father Knows Best, Get a Life)

1940 - Algy Cluff, CEO (Spectator, Cluff Resources)

1942 - Alan Price, England, rock keyboardist (Animals-House of the Rising Sun)

1942 - Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur

1943 - Mike Kelly, rocker (Duprees)

1944 - Mark “Flo” Volman, rocker (Flo & Eddie, Turtles-Eleanor)/DJ (WKRK)

1944 - James Heckman, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize

1945 - Nuria Ortiz, Mexico, skeet shooter (Olympic-13th-1968)

1946 - Tim Curry, Cheshire England, actor (Rocky Horror Show)

1949 - Paloma Picasso, [Gilot], Paris France, actress (Immoral Tales)

1949 - Larry Walters, American “lawn chair” pilot (d. 1993)

1953 - Sara Simeoni, Italy, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1980)

1953 - Ruby Wax, British television personality

1961 - Richard Phelps, British pentathelete

 

 

 

1962 - Al Unser JrIndy-car racer (over 10 wins)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1963 - Valerie Plame Wilson, former C.I.A. agent

1965 - Suge Knight, American record producer

1967 - Steven H Silver, American science fiction editor

1967 - Dar Williams, American musician and songwriter

1969 - Jesse James, American television personality and motorcycle builder

1975 - Temoc Suarez, Greenwood SC, soccer forward (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 - Ruud Jolie, Dutch guitarist (Within Temptation)

1978 - James Franco, American actor

1979 - Challen Sievers, Downers Grove Ill, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-96)

1979 - Kate Hudson, Los Angeles, California, American actress (Almost Famous, You, Me and Dupree)

1980 - Alexis Thorpe, American actress

1981 - Hayden Christensen, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canadian actor (Sam-Life as a House, Star Wars)

 

 

 

1987 - Maria SharapovaRussian tennis player

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

843 - Judith, French empress/2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, dies

1012 - Alphege, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 954)

1044 - Gothelo, duke of Neth-Lotharingen, dies

1390 - Robert II, King of Scots, dies

1529 - John Cuspinianus, [Spiessheimer], German physician, dies at about 55

1567 - Michael Stifel, German theologist/mathematician, dies at about 79

1578 - Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1530)

1618 - Thomas Bastard, clergyman and epigrammatist (b. 1565 or 1566)

1684 - Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist (b. 1603)

1689 - Christina, Queen of Sweden (1644-54), dies

1739 - Nicholas Saunderson, mathematician, dies

1751 - Peter Lacy, Irish-born Russian Field marshal (b. 1678)

 

 

 

1813 - Benjamin Rushphysician/abolitionist (signed Decl of Ind), dies at 67

 

 

 

 

 

 

1824 - George Gorden Noel “Lord” Byron, poet, dies at 36

1831 - Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (b. 1765)

1854 - Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)

1862 - Simon Fraser, Canadian explorer, dies

1867 - Robert Smirke, British architect, dies

1874 - Owen Jones, architect, dies

1882 - Charles Robert Darwin, naturalist (Origin of Species), dies at 73

1889 - Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies

1893 - John Addington Symonds, critic/poet, dies

1906 - Pierre Curie, French physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903), dies

1916 - Ephraim Shay, American inventor (b. 1839)

1937 - William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen), dies at 81

1943 - Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighter, beheaded

1943 - Kurt Huber, German resistance fighter, beheaded

1943 - Willy Graf, German resistance fighter, beheaded

1945 - J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed

1949 - Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater (b. 1877)

1956 - Lionel K P “Buster” Crabb, British diver (WW II), dies at 47

1956 - Leon N H Jungschlaeger, head milt intelligence Neth-Indies, dies at 52

1957 - Charles Funk, Encylopediest (Funk & Wagnalls), dies at 76

1967 - Konrad Adenauer, West Germany chancellor (1949-63), dies at 91

1986 - Alvin Childress, actor (Amos-Amos ‘n’ Andy), dies at 78

1987 - Hugh “Lumpy” Brannum, Actor (Mr Green Jeans), dies at 77

 

 

 

1987 - Maxwell D TaylorUS commander 101st airborne (WW II), dies at 85

 

 

 

 

 

 

1988 - Kwon Ki-ok, first Korean female pilot (b. 1901)

1989 - Daphne Du Maurier, English writer (Rebecca, Jamaica Inn), dies at 82

1991 - Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (b. 1905)

1992 - Robert F Clayton, drummer (Jody Grind), dies at 26 in a car crash

1992 - Robert Paul Haynes, bassist (Jody Grind), dies at 26 in a car crash

 

 

 

1993 - David Koresh, [Vernon Howell], cult leader (Davidians), suicide

David Koresh

 

 

 

 

 

 

1993 - George Mickelson, Gov of SD, & 7 others, die in a plane crash

1994 - Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member, dies at 81

1994 - Larry Davis, blues Singer/Guitarist, dies at 57

1995 - J Peter Grace Jr, CEO (W R Grace), dies from cancer at 81

1997 - El Duce, American singer and drummer (The Mentors) (b. 1958)

1998 - Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)

1999 - David Sanes, US Navy employee

2004 - Norris McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (b. 1925)

2004 - John Maynard Smith, English biologist (b. 1920)

2005 - Ruth Hussey, American actress (b. 1911)

2006 - Scott Crossfield, American pilot, first man to fly at Mach 2 (b. 1921)

2007 - Jean-Pierre Cassel, French actor (b. 1932)

2007 - Helen Walton, wife of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton (b. 1919)

2008 - Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (b. 1907)

2009 - J.G. Ballard, British novelist. (b. 1930)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Today In The Past

 

 

Events

310 - St Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope

387 - Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus

1025 - Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.

1506 - The cornerstone of the current St. Peter’s Basilica is laid.

1518 - Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.

1521 - Parliament of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Maarten Luther

1663 - Osman declares war on Austria

1676 - Sudbury, Mass attacked by Indians

 

 

 

1775 - Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the “British are coming!

 

 

 

 

 

1783 - Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began.

1809 - 1st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England

1838 - Wilkes’ expedition to South Pole sails

 

 

 

1848 - American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.

 

 

 

 

 

1861 - Battle of Harpers FerryVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

1861 - Col Robert E Lee turns down offer to command Union armies

1862 - Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean’s, LA

1864 - Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)

1865 - Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to Gen Sherman in North Carolina

1876 - Daniel O’Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min

1879 - Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins

1880 - An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.

1881 - Natural History Museum of South Kensington England opens

1881 - Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.

1902 - Denmark is 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals

1906 - 8.25 earthquake shakes SF Calif

1906 - SF earthquake & fire kills nearly 4,000 & destroys 75% of city

1912 - The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.

1915 - French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.

1923 - 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium

1924 - 1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon & Schuster)

1925 - World’s fair opens in Chicago

1927 - Chiang Kai-Shek forms anti-government in China

1935 - Gen Sarazen’s double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters

1936 - Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from SF to Honolulu

1938 - Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland

1942 - “Stars & Stripes” paper for US armed forces starts

 

 

 

1942 - James H Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - 1 armed outfielder, St L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4

1945 - Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)

1945 - Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops

1946 - Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals

1946 - League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)

1948 - International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands

1950 - 1st transatlantic jet passenger trip

1951 - NY Yankee Mickey Mantle goes 1-for-4 in his 1st game

1954 - Colonel Nasser seizes power & becomes PM of Egypt

1955 - 1st “Walk”/”Don’t Walk” lighted street signals installed

1958 - A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.

1963 - Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant

1964 - Sandy Koufax is 1st to strike out the side on 9 pitches

1966 - Bill Russell became 1st black coach in NBA history (Boston Celtics)

1968 - London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)

1974 - Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi

1977 - Alex Haley, author of “Roots,” awarded Pulitzer Prize

1978 - Senate votes to turn Panama Canal over to Panama on Dec 31, 1999

1980 - Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK

1982 - Zimbabwe capital Salisbury renamed Harare

1983 - A lone suicide bomber kills 63, at US Embassy in Lebanon

1984 - Joan Benoit runs world record female marathon (2:22:43)

1986 - Robert M Gates, becomes deputy director of CIA

1986 - Titan rocket explodes seconds after liftoff from Vandenberg AFB

1987 - An unconscious skydiver is rescued by another diver in mid-air

1987 - Mike Schmidt hits 500th home run (vs Robinson-Pirates)

1989 - Zimbabwe gains independence

1990 - Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines

1990 - Supreme Court rules states could make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one’s home

1991 - Census Bureau said it failed to count up to 63 million in 1990 census

1991 - John Stockton breaks his own NBA season assist record at 1,136

1994 - 23rd Boston Women’s Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:21:45

1994 - 98th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:07:15

1994 - Arsenio Hall announces he will end his show in May 1994

1994 - Former President Nixon suffered a stroke & dies 4 days later

1994 - Lebanon drops relations with Iran

1995 - Quarterback Joe Montana announces his retirement from football

1996 - In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces accidentally shell the UN compound at Quana.

2007 - The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.

 

 

 

Births

1480 - Lucretia Borgiamurderess (poison)/daughter (Pope Alexander VI)

Lucretia Borgia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1521 - Francois de Coligny, ruler of van Andelot, French general (Jarnac)

1580 - Thomas Middleton, English playwright (Game of Chess)

1590 - Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque

1605 - Giacomo Carissimi, composer

1740 - Francis Baring, banker/merchant

1838 - Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist (d. 1912)

1857 - Clarence S Darrow, defense attorney at Scopes monkey trial

1864 - Richard Harding Davis, US, journalist/author (In The Fig)

1881 - Max Weber, Polish/Russian/US painter

1882 - Leopold Stokowski, London England, conductor (Cincinnati Symphony)

1896 - C Eugene Wegmann, Swiss geologist (Le Jura plisse)

1904 - Pigmeat Markham, American comedian (d. 1981)

1905 - George H. Hitchings, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)

1911 - Francis Frederick Johnson, architect

1911 - George Huntington Hartford II, NYC, heir (A&P)

1912 - John Lapworth Holt, boat Designer

1921 - Barbara Hale, Dekalb Ill, actress (Della Street-Perry Mason)

 

 

 

1924 - Clarence “Gatemouth” BrownVinton Lablues singer (Mary is Fine)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1925 - Bob Hastings, Bkln NY, actor (McHale’s Navy, All in the Family)

1925 - Lionel Edmund “Sonny” Taylor, musician

 

 

 

1927 - Samuel P. HuntingtonAmerican political scientist

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 - Clive Revill, Wellington NZ, actor (Legend of Hell House)

1938 - Andreas J “Cat” Liebenberg, supreme commander (S Afr army)

1939 - Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran

1940 - Joseph L Goldstein, Sumter SC, physician (Nobel-1985)

1941 - Mike Vickers, rock guitarist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)

1942 - Jochen Rindt, German race car driver

1946 - Alexander “Skip” Spence, Canada, guitarist/vocalist (Moby Grape-Omaha)

1946 - Hayley Mills, London England, actress (Parent Trap, Pollyanna)

1946 - Lenny Baker, rocker (Sha Na Na)

1947 - Dorothy Lyman, Minneapolis Mn, (All my Children, Naomi-Mama’s Family)

1947 - James Woods, Warwick RI, actor (Salvador, Against All Odds)

1947 - Herbert Mullin, American serial killer

1948 - “Tiny” Nate Archibald, NBA guard (Cincinnati)

1949 - Geoff Bodine, American race car driver

1950 - Kenny Ortega, American film and TV producer and choreographer

1953 - Rick Moranis, Toronto, (SCTV, Honey I Shrunk the Kids, Spaceballs)

1954 - Kim Stone, bassist (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance)

1955 - Amschel Rothschild, banker

1956 - Eric Roberts, Miss, actor (Pope of Greenwich Village, King of Gypsies)

1956 - Melody Thomas Scott, actress (Nikki-Young & Restless)

1958 - Lee Pattinson, rock bassist (Echo & Bunnymen-Heaven Up Here)

1961 - Jane Leeves, London, actress (Murphy Brown, Daphne Moon-Fraiser)

1961 - Kelly Hansen, heavy metal rocker (Hurricane-I’m on to You)

1961 - Pamella Bordes, New Dehli India, Brit parliament prostitute

1962 - Mick Sweda, heavy metal (Bulletboys, King Kobra-Ready to Strike)

1963 - Conan Chris O’Brien, Brookline Mass, TV host (Late Night)

 

 

 

1964 - Niall FergusonScotland , historian , professor

 

 

 

 

 

 

1965 - Diana Villegas, rocker (Triplets)

1965 - Sylvia Villegas, rocker (Triplets)

1965 - Vicky Villegas, rocker (Triplets)

1967 - Maria Bello, American actress

1970 - Heike Friedrich, East Germany swimmer (world record 200m)

1973 - Haile Gebresleassie, Ethiopia, 10k runner (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 - Melissa Joan Hart, Sayville NY, actress (Clarissa, Sabrina)

1979 - Anthony Davidson, British Formula One driver

1979 - Kourtney Kardashian, American reality television star

1983 - Miguel Cabrera, Venezuelan baseball player

1984 - America Ferrera, American actress

1985 - Karl Reindler, Australian racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

680 - Mu’awijja, kalief of Al-Schaam, dies

1161 - Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury

1558 - Roxelana, wife of Suleiman the Magnificent

1567 - Wilhelm von Grumbach, German military man, dies at 63

1689 - George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem/infamous judge, dies

1690 - Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lotharingen/Austrian fieldmarshal, dies

1732 - Louis Feuillée, French explorer (b. 1660)

1796 - Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist (b. 1732)

1807 - Erasmus Darwin, physician writer and botanist (Influence), dies (b. 1731)

1845 - Nicholas T the Saussure, Swiss chemist/botany, dies at 77

1853 - William King, US VP, dies a month after his inauguration

1873 - Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist, dies at 69

1874 - David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey

1879 - Anthony Pannizim, principal librarian (British Museum), dies

1925 - Charles Ebbets, Pres (Dodgers), dies

1935 - Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist/archaeologist, dies at 90

1942 - Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (b. 1875)

1943 - I Yamamoto, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies

 

 

 

1945 - Ernest T PyleBritish/US newscasterkilled in WW II at 44

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies

1955 - Albert Einstein, Nobel laureate (b. 1879)

1958 - Richard B Goldschmidt, German zoologist (butterflies), dies

1964 - Ben Hecht, playwright (Child of the Century), dies at 71

1986 - Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder, dies at 94

1993 - Arthur P Smith, US founder of Miami Planetarium, dies at 76

1993 - Masahiko Kimura, Japanese judoka (b. 1917)

1994 - Ken Oosterbroek, South African press photographer, shot dead at 32

1996 - Piet Hein, architect/poet/mathematician/inventor, dies at 80

1996 - Robert William Paine, architect, dies at 88

2002 - Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (b. 1914)

2012 - Dick Clark, American radio and television personality, dies from a heart attack at 82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

858 - Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1397 - Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) as when the book’s pilgrimage to Canterbury starts.

1492 - Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies

 

 

 

1524 - Giovanni Verrazano,  Florentine navigatordiscovers New York Harbor

 

 

 

 

 

 

1534 - Sir Thomas More confined in London Tower

1555 - Siena surrenders for Spanish troops

1629 - 1st commercial fishery established

1793 - Battle of Warsaw

1797 - Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico in what would be one of the largest invasions to Spanish territories in America.

1808 - Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships

1817 - 1st US school for deaf (Hartford, Conn)

1824 - Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40′N

1853 - US Marine Hospital at Presidio (SF) forms

1861 - Indianola TX – “Star of West” taken by Confederacy

1861 - Virginia is 8th state to secede

 

 

 

1863 -  Grierson’s Raid : La GrangeTN to Baton RougeLA

 

 

 

 

 

1864 - Battle of Plymouth, NC

1864 - Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia

1864 - Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges

1865 - Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln’s assassination

1875 - “Snooker” (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain

1895 - Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)

1900 - 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession

1905 - US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional

1905 - The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the “right to free contract” was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.

1907 - Ellis Island, NY-11,745 immigrants arrive

1912 - 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson’s “Ragging The Baby To Sleep”)

1920 - American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)

1924 - Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures & Louis B Mayer Co merged to form MGM

1932 - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery

1934 - New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5

1937 - Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig, debut

1939 - Joe Louis KOs Jack Roper in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1941 - British troop land in Iraq/Yugoslavia; surrender to nazis

1941 - Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)

1941 - World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.

1942 - 12 Lancaster bombers strike MAN-factory in Augsburg

1942 - Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp

1942 - POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.

1943 - Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul

1945 - 8th Air Force bombs Dresden

1945 - Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan

1945 - US troops lands in Mindanao

1947 - Jackie Robinson bunts for his 1st major league hit

1951 - NY Yankee Mickey Mantle’s 1st game, he goes 1 for 4

1953 - Mickey Mantle hits a 565′ (172 m) HR in Wash DC’s Griffith Stadium

1956 - Willie Mosconi sinks 150 consecutive balls in a billiard tournament

1958 - Brussel’s (Belgium) World Fair opens

1961 - 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs attempt to overthrow Castro

1964 - Ford Mustang formally introduced ($2368 base)

1964 - Jerrie Mock becomes 1st woman to fly solo around the world

1967 - Shortwave Radio NY Worldwide goes back on the air after a week off

1967 - Surveyor 3 launched; soft lands on Moon, April 20

1969 - Bernadette Devlin elected to British house of commons

1969 - Czechoslovakia’s Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubcek deposed

1969 - Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Sen Robert F Kennedy

1969 - The Band (formerly The Hawks), perform their 1st concert

1970 - Apollo 13 limps back safely, Beech-built oxygen tank no help

1972 - 1st Boston Women’s Marathon won by Nina Kuscsik of NY in 3:10:26

1972 - 76th Boston Marathon won by Olavi Suomalainen of Finland in 2:15:39

1973 - 2nd Boston Women’s Marathon won by Jacqueline Hansen of CA in 3:05:59

1973 - 77th Boston Marathon won by Jon Anderson of Oreg in 2:16:03

 

 

 

1973 - German counter-terrorist unit GSG 9 founded.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1974 - Bundy victim Susan Rancourt disappears from CWU, Ellensburg, WA

1974 - Moslem fundamentalists assault military academy in Heliopolis Egypt

1975 - Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea Natl Day)

1975 - Phnom Penh fell to Communist insurgents, ending Cambodia’s 5-year war

1978 - 63,500,000 shares traded on NY stock exchange (record)

1978 - 7th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Gayle Barron of Ga in 2:44:52

1978 - 82nd Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Mass in 2:10:13

1978 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sagan for “Dragons of Eden”

1982 - Canada adopts its constitution

1983 - Grete Waitz runs female world record marathon (2:25:29)

1983 - In Warsaw, police route 1,000 Solidarity supporters

1983 - India entered space age launching SLV-3 rocket

1983 - Nolan Ryan strikes out his 3,500th batter

1983 - Islanders tie NHL record with 3 shorthanded playoff goals vs Rangers Rangers 7-Isles 6-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 2-1 lead Wayne Gretzky scores 7 goals in one Stanley Cup playoff game

1986 - IBM produces 1st megabit-chip

1986 - Netherlands & Scilly Islands sign peace treaty (war of 1651)

1986 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Larry McMurtry for “Lonesome Dove”

1987 - Julius Erving becomes 3rd NBA player to score 30,000 points

1989 - 18th Boston Women’s Marath won by Ingrid Kristiansen of Nor in 2:24:33

1989 - 93rd Boston Marathon won by Abebe Mekonen of Ethiopia in 2:09:06

1989 - Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $245 per week

1990 - Gas explodes on passenger train in Kumrahar India, 80 die

1991 - Dow Jones closes above 3,000 for 1st time (3,004.46)

1991 - Railroad workers go on strike in US

1993 - Police officers found guilty of violating Rodney Kings civil rights

1995 - 24th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:25:11

1995 - 99th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:09:22

1997 - John Bell, 115, recieves new pacemaker

2002 - Four Canadian Forces soldiers are killed in Afghanistan by friendly fire from two United States Air Force F-16s, the first deaths in a combat zone for Canada since the Korean War.

2012 - The St Cuthbert Gospel, Europe’s oldest intact book, purchased by the British Library for 9 million pounds

 

 

 

 

Births

1278 - Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor (d. 1320)

1539 - Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter/cartoonist (Comedia)

1586 - John Ford, English dramatist (‘Tis Pity She’s a Whore)

1598 - Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (d. 1671)

1620 - Marguerite Bourgeoys, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame (d. 1700)

1710 - Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)

1741 - Johann Gottlieb Naumann, composer

 

 

 

1741 - Samuel Chasesupreme court justice (signed Decl of Ind)

 

 

 

 

1788 - Joseph Gilbert Totten, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1864

1798 - Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (d. 1840)

1809 - Philip St George Cocke, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861

1813 - Henry Washington Benham, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1884

1827 - French C Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (St Amanduskerk, Antwerp)

1837 - John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/CEO (US Steel)

1845 - Isabel Barrows, US, editor/penologist (Conference on Negro Question)

1849 - William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1923)

1863 - Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)

1866 - Ernest Starling, British physiologist (d. 1927)

1885 - Karen Blixen-Finecke, [pen name Isak Dinesen], Danish writer (Out of Africa)

1895 - Bert Wheeler, actor (Nitwits, Hold ‘em Jail, High Flyers, Rainmakers)

1896 - Senor Wences, ventriloquist (his hand acts as a puppet)

1897 - Thornton N Wilder, US, novelist/playwright (Our Town)

1904 - Edward Chodorov, playwright/director (Story of Louis Pasteur)

1905 - Arthur Lake, Corbin Ky, actor (Dagwood-Blondie)

 

1915 - Joe FossAmerican WWII USMC ace pilot and Medal Of Honor recipient (d. 2003)

 

 

 

FOSS, JOSEPH JACOB Photo

 

 

 

 

 

1916 - David Stafford-Clark, psychiatrist

1916 - Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral

1916 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike, world’s 1st woman PM (Sri Lanka, 1960..77)

1918 - Anne Shirley, UK, actress (Devil & Daniel Webster, Stella Dallas)

 

 

 

1918 William HoldenIllactor (Stalag 17Bridge Over River KwaiSOB)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1921 - Donald Barron, CEO (Midland Bank)

1923 - Harry Reasoner, Dakota City Iowa, newscaster (60 Minutes, ABC, CBS)

1923 - Lloyd Biggle Jr, US, sci-fi author (Silence is Deadly)

1923 - Norman Potter, cabinetmaker designer/writer

1926 - G M Hughes, professor/zoologist

1928 - Cynthia Ozick, US, author (Pagan Rabbi & Other Stories)

1929 - James Last, orchestra leader/composer/arranger

1930 - Chris Barber, jazz trombonist

1934 - Don Kirshner, rock & roll producer (invented bubblegum music)

1936 - Pete Graves, rocker (Moonglows)

 

 

 

1937 - Daffy Duckanimated character

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1937 - Eduard N Stepanov, Russian cosmonaut

1939 - Robin Knox-Johnston, yachtsman

1943 - Roy Estrada, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1946 - Clare Francis, yachtswoman/novelist (Come Hell or High Water)

1948 - Jan Hammer, composer (Escape from TV, Miami Vice)

1949 - Heini Hemmi, Switzerland, giant slalom (Olympic-gold-1976)

1951 - Olivia Hussey, Buenos Aires, actress (Romeo & Juliet, Death on Nile)

1952 - Željko Ražnatović, Serbian warlord (d. 2000)

1954 - Riccardo Patrese, driver (Grand Prix)

1954 - Michael Sembello, American musician

1955 - Pete Shelley, vocal/guitar (Buzzcocks-Going Steady, Love Bites)

1956 - Pillow, [Therese Joan Bell], California, bodybuilder (Gold Classic 1983)

1957 - Nick Hornby, English author

1959 - Sean Bean, English actor (The Lord of the Rings Trilogy, A Game of Thrones)

1959 - Teri Austin, Toronto Canada, actress (Terminal Choice, Knots Landing)

1961 - Boomer Esiason, NFL quarterback (NY Jets, Cincinnati Bengals)

1962 - Nancy Hogshead, Iowa City, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1984)/model (jockey)

1964 - Raye Hollit, American Gladiator (Zap)

1966 - Lela Rochon, actress (Waiting to Exhale)

1967 - Liz Phair, American musician/songwriter

1969 - Alexander McQueen, fashion designer

1972 - Jennifer Garner [Affleck], Houston, Texas. American actress (Sydney Bristow-Alias)

1972 - Claire Sweeney, English actress

1973 - Brett Maher, Adelaide SA Australia, basketball guard (Olympics-96)

1974 - Victoria Beckham [Adams], Harlow, Essex, English singer (Posh Spice-Spice Girls)

1976 - Nadine Thomas, Miss Jamaica Universe (1997)

1976 - Monet Mazur, American actress and musician

1978 - Jason White, Scottish rugby player

1981 - Ryan Raburn, American baseball player

 

 

 

Deaths

326 - Alexander of Alexandria, Patriarch of Alexandria

485 - Proclus, Greek mathematician, dies in Athens [or Apr 14]

617 - Donnán of Eigg, Celtic Christian martyr, patron saint of Eigg

818 - Bernhard I, King of Italy, dies

858 - Benedict III, Italian Pope (855-58), dies

1080 - King Harald III of Denmark (b. 1041)

1272 - Zita/Cita, Italian maid/saint, dies at about 59

1427 - Jan IV, duke of Brabant/Limburg/wife of Jacoba van Bayern, dies

1574 - Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German philologist, dies

1630 - Christian I, ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (battle of White Mt), dies

1680 - Kateri Tekakwitha, first American Indian to receive beatification (b. 1656)

1761 - Thomas Bayes, English mathematician

 

 

 

1790 - Benjamin FranklinUS, (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

1799 - Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)

1835 - William Henry Ireland, forger (Shakespearean manuscripts), dies

1838 - J Schopenhauer, writer, dies at 71

1843 - Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)

1863 - Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general/cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61

1882 - George Jennings Sanitary engineer (b. 1810)

1941 - Al Bowlly, British dance band vocalist (b. 1899)

1942 - Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)

1945 - Hannie Schaft, “Girl with red hair,” executed

1945 - Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54

1960 - Eddie Cochran, rocker, dies at 21 in a car crash

1967 - Red Allen, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1908)

1968 - Margaret Seddon, dies at 95

1974 - Vinnie Taylor, rocker (Canned Heat), dies of a drug overdose

1976 - Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)

1983 - Felix Pappalardi, rocker (Cream, Mountain), dies

1983 - Mark W Clark, US general (WW II), dies at 87

1987 - Carlton Barrett, Jamaican reggae drummer (No woman no cry), dies at 36

 

 

 

1987 - Dick Shawncomedian (Producers), dies on stage at 57

 

 

 

 

1988 - Eva Novak, actress (Medicine Man), dies of pneumonia at 90

1990 - Ralph David Abernathy, US civil rights leader, dies

1992 - Hank Penny, country music singer, dies at 73 of heart failure

1996 - Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, philosopher, dies at 86

1997 - Chaim Herzog, President of Israel (1983-93), dies at 78

1998 - Linda McCartney, American-born wife of Paul McCartney (b. 1941)

2003 - Robert Atkins, American dietician (b. 1930)

2003 - Paul Getty, American-born philanthropist (b. 1932)

 

 

 

2003 - Earl KingAmerican musician and songwriter (b. 1934)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

2003 - Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (b. 1910)

2007 - Kitty Carlisle, American actress and television personality (b. 1910)

2008 - Danny Federici, organ player for E-Street Band (b. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1178 BC - A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.

73 - Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.

556 - Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1071 - Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.

1346 - The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans.

1395 - Azzo X d’Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.

1509 - French army under Louis XII enters Alps

1521 - Martin Luther arrives at Diet of Worms

1582 - Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.

1632 - Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme commander

1705 - Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College

1724 - 1st Easter observed (OS=Apr 9)

1746 - Battle at Culloden: Troops of George II of Great Britain defeat Charles Stuart

1777 - Battle of Bennington-New England’s Green Mountain Boys rout Brits

1780 - The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.

1789 - George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration

1799 - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor – Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.

1818 - Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)

1853 - The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.

1854 - Steamer “Long Beach” sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die

1861 - US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states

1862 - Slavery abolished in District of Columbia

1862 - US Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)

1865 - Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)

1866 - Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes

1868 - Louisiana voters approve new constitution

1869 - Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti

1874 - Dr David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton

1881 - In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.

1908 - Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell Utah)

1912 - Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to cross English Channel

1912 - Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)

1917 - Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution

1922 - Annie Oakley sets women’s record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row

1924 - 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion

1925 - During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.

1926 - Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections “Lolly Willowes” & “Loving Huntsman” by Sylvia Townsend Warner

1929 - NY Yankees become 1st team to wear uniform numbers

1935 - 1st radio broadcast of “Fibber McGee & Molly”

1939 - Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact

1940 - 1st televised baseball game, WGN-TV, (White Sox vs Cubs exhibition)

1940 - Cleve Indian Bob Feller hurls an opening day no-hitter vs Chic, 1-0

1942 - Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship

1942 - King George VI awards George Cross to Island of Malta

1943 - 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem Neth (85 killed)

1943 - Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.

1945 - German troops in Groningen surrender

1945 - Red Army begins Battle of Berlin

1945 - US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany, during WW II

1945 - US troops land on He Shima Okinawa

1946 - 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 8 km alt

1947 - -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp

1947 - Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)

1947 - Massive explosion & fire kills 522 in Texas City, Tx

1948 - Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris

1951 - British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75

1953 - British royal yacht Britannica taken out of service

1956 - 1st solar powered radios go on sale

1962 - Brazil nationalizes US businesses

1962 - Walter Cronkite begins anchoring CBS Evening News

1964 - 9 men sentenced 25-30 years for Britain’s 1963 “Great Train Robbery”

1964 - Geraldine Mock of US is 1st woman to fly solo round the world

1965 - Test flight of heavy Saturn S-1C-rocket

1970 - 70 die in a snow crush (France)

1972 - Apollo 16 launched; 5th manned lunar landing (Decartes Highlands)

1972 - China sends 2 giant pandas to US

1975 - Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh

1983 - Steve Garvey sets NL record by playing in 1,118 consecutive games

1986 - To dispel rumors he’s dead, Moammar Gadhafi appears on TV

1987 - British Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears at Bow Street Magistrates’ Court in London charged with gross indecency.

1990 - Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $260 per week

1990 - Supreme Court rejects appeal from retarded man, Dalton Prejean, condemned to death for murdering a Louisiana state trooper in 1977

1992 - The Katina P. runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique. 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean.

1993 - Jury reaches guilty verdict in Federal case against cop who beat Rodney King, but the verdict is not read until April 17th

2004 - The super liner Queen Mary 2 embarks on her first Trans-Atlantic crossing, linking the golden age of ocean travel to the modern age of ocean travel.

2007 - Virginia Tech massacre: The deadliest mass shooting in modern American history. The gunman, Seung-Hui Cho, shoots 32 people to death and injures 23 others before committing suicide.

2012 - At least 55 people are killed in the Syrian uprising despite UN presence to oversee ceasefire

 

 

 

Births

778 - King Louis the Pious (d. 840)

1495 - Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (d. 1557)

1628 - Cornelis Evertsen de Young, vice admiral of Zealand

1660 - Hans Sloane, England, physician/naturalist/founder (British Museum)

1661 - Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, British poet and statesman (d. 1715)

1673 - Francesco Feroci, composer

1682 - John Hadley, mathematician/inventor (1st reflecting telescope)

1728 - Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist

1738 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. 1795)

1816 - Edward “Old Allegheny” Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army)

1821 - Ford Maddox Brown, painter

1823 - Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1907

1823 - Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)

1850 - Herbert Baxter Adams, US, historian (American Historical Association)

1865 - Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)

1867 - Wilbur Wright, of aeronautical fame (Wright Brothers)

1889 - Charlie Chaplin, (Tramp), comedian (City Lights)/IBM salesman

1897 - John B Glubb, British commandant/writer (A soldier with the Arabs)

1899 - Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (d. 1988)

1900 - Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)

1905 - John Lee-Barber, admiral

1906 - Pigmeat Markham, Durham NC, comedian (Here Comes da Judge-Laugh In)

1907 - Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)

1911 - Christine McIntyre, actress (3 Stooges movies)

1912 - John Halas, animator

1912 - Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996)

1913 - Les Tremayne, London, actor (Angry Red Planet, War of the Worlds)

1913 - Lord Aberconway, CEO (John Brown & Co)

1914 - John Hodiak, Pittsburgh PA, actor (A Bell for Adamo, Lifeboat)

1918 - Spike Milligan, India, actor/comedian (Digby, 3 Musketeers)

1918 - Dick Gibson, British racing driver

1919 - Merce Cunningham, choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus)

1920 - Barry Nelson, Oakland, actor (Airport, My Favorite Husband)

1921 - Peter Ustinov, London, actor (Death on Nile, Logan’s Run, Billy Budd)

1922 - Christopher Samuel Youd, UK, sci-fi author (Tripods Trilogy), (d. 2012)

1922 - Kingsley Amis, London, novelist (Lucky Jim, James Bond Dossier)

1922 - Eddie Bert, Yonkers, New York, bebopjazz trombonist, (d. 2012)

1924 - Henry Mancini, Cleveland, composer/conductor (Pink Panther)

1925 - Edie Adams, Kingston Pa, Mrs Ernie Kovacs (Murial Cigar), actress

1927 - Joseph Ratzinger, German theologist/dogmaticus

1928 - Dick “Night Train” Lane, NFL defensive back (Rams, Cards, Lions)

1930 - Herbie Mann, Brooklyn NY, jazz flute/sax (Just Wallin’)

1932 - Imre Polyak, Hungary, featherweight (Olympic-gold-1964)

1934 - Brian Peppiatt, joint CEO (SG Warburg Securities)

1934 - Geoffrey Owen, British editor (Financial Times)

1934 - Robert Stigwood, producer (Saturday Night Fever, Grease)

1935 - Bobby Vinton, Pitts Pa, singer (Roses are Red, Blue on Blue)

1935 - Haskell “Cool Papa” Sadler, blues singer/guitarist

1939 - Dusty Springfield, [Mary O'Brien], London, vocalist (Growing Pains)

1945 - Stefan Grossman, NYC, country blues singer (Yazoo Basin Boogie)

1946 - Margot Adler, American journalist

1947 - Gerry Rafferty, Paisley Scotland, guitarist/vocalist (Baker Street)

1947 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, [Lew Alcindor], NBA center (Mil Bucks, LA Lakers)

1949 - Melody Patterson, American actress

1951 - Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer

1952 - Peter Westbrook, St Louis Mo, US fencer (Olympic-bronze-88, 92, 96)

1953 - Jay O Sanders, Austin TX, actor (Meeting Venus, V I Warshawski)

1953 - J. Neil Schulman, American writer

1954 - Ellen Barkin, Bronx NY, actress (Big Easy, Sea of Love)

1954 - John Bowe, Australian racing driver

1955 - Charlotte Morrison, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1956 - David M Brown, Arlington Va, Cmdr USN/astronaut

1956 - Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier

1959 - Anne Kursinski, equestrian show jumper (Olympics-silver-96)

1961 - Doris Dragović, Croatian singer

1963 - Jimmy Osmond, Ogden Utah, singer (Donnie & Marie)

1964 - Dave Pirner, rocker (Soul Asylum)

1965 - Jon Cryer, actor (Pretty in Pink, Superman IV)

1965 - Martin Lawrence, comedian (Martin)

1971 - Selena, Texas, spanish singer (Grammy-1994)

1976 - Lukas Haas, actor (Music Box, Witness, Testament, Leap of Faith)

1976 - Dan Kellner, American fencer

1977 - Alek Wek, Sudanese supermodel

1979 - Christijan Albers, Dutch Formula One driver

1982 - Gina Carano, American Mixed Martial Arts fighter.

1985 - Benjamín Rojas, Argentine actor and singer

1986 - Paul di Resta, British racing driver

1990 - Heather Fulton, American marine biologist

 

 

 

Deaths

69 - Otho, Roman Emperor (b. 32)

744 - al-Walid II, Umayyad caliph

924 - Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy

1115 - Svjatopolk II, great monarch of Kiev, dies [or 1113]

1118 - Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily

1198 - Duke Frederick I of Austria

1446 - Filippo Brunelleschi, architect, dies

1529 - Louis de Berquin, French humanist/reformer/heretic, burned at stake

1619 - Denijs Calvaert/Caluwaert, [Dionisio Fiamingo], Flemish painter, dies

1645 - Tobias Hume, English composer

1756 - Jacques Cassini, Fr astronomer (Discover rings of Saturn), dies at 79

1783 - Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)

1788 - Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist (b. 1707)

1828 - Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Spanish painter/cartoonist, dies at 82

1850 - Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud, maker of wax figures, dies at 88

1859 - Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)

1865 - Robert C Tyler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle

1879 - Bernadette, st/(saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies in Nevers France

1888 - Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (b. 1845)

1899 - Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (b 1875)

1914 - George W Hill, US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76

1915 - Nelson W. Aldrich, American politician (b. 1841)

1928 - Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founder of Henri Birks and Sons (b. 1840)

1938 - Bertram Wagstaff Mills, circus proprietor, dies

1946 - Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and automobile designer (b. 1884)

1947 - Rudolf Höß, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1900)

1955 - Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded

1958 - Rosalind Franklin, British chemist (b. 1920)

1968 - Edna Ferber, American author (American Beauty), dies at 82

1970 - Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)

1972 - Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese author (Nobel 1968), dies at 72

1978 - Lucius D Clay, gen/gov US zone W-Germany (airlift), dies at 80

1988 - Khalil al-Wazir, PLO milt commander, assassinated by Israeli commandos

1991 - David Lean, director (28 academy awards), dies of pneumonia at 83

1992 - Neville Brand, actor (Stalag 17), dies of emphysema at 71

1994 - Ralph Waldo Ellison, US writer (Invisible Man), dies at 80

1995 - Cheyenne Brando, daughter of Marlon, commits suicide

1996 - Raymond Earl Hill, saxophonist, dies at 62

1996 - Stavros Spyros Niarchos, Greek shipowner, dies at 86

1997 - Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, media tycoon, dies at 66

1997 - Mae Boren Axton, song writer (Heartbreak Hotel), dies at 82

1998 - Fred Davis, English snooker player (b. 1913)

1998 - Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (b. 1920)

1999 - Skip Spence, Canadian-born guitarist, singer and songwriter (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1946)

2002 - Ruth Fertel, American restaurateur (b. 1927)

2002 - Robert Urich, American actor (b. 1946)

2005 - Marla Ruzicka, American humanitarian worker and peace activist (b. 1976)

2007 - Maria Lenk, Brazilian swimmer and first Brazilian woman to compete in the Olympic Games (b. 1915)

2007 - Seung-Hui Cho, Korean American murderer (b. 1984), see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre

2007 - Jocelyne Couture-Nowak, American instructor of French (b. 1958)

2007 - Kevin Granata, American professor of Engineering (b. 1961)

2007 - Liviu Librescu, American Jewish-Romanian professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics (b. 1930)

2007 - G. V. Loganathan, Indian American professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering (b. 1954)

2007 - Frank Bateson, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1909)

2008 - Edward Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (b. 1917)

2010 - Rasim Delic, Bosnian military chief of staff and war criminal (b. 1949)

2012 - Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Danish shipping Magnate, dies at 98

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

69 - Battle at Bedriacum, North-Italy

1205 - Battle at Adrianople: Bulgaria beats Emp Boudouin of Constantinople

1250 - Pope Innoncent III refuses Jews of Cordova Spain to build a synagogue

1450 - French defeat English at Battle of Formigny in 100 Years’ War

1493 - -20/4 Barcelona] Columbus meets with King Ferdinand & Isabella

1581 - Cortes van Thomar accepts Philip II as king of Portugal

1594 - Fleming Pieter Stevens appointed royal painter of Rudolf II (Prague)

1632 - Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat Count Tilly of the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.

1715 - Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.

1738 - Bottle opener invented

1793 - Bank of England hands out 1st £5 note

1817 - 1st American school for the deaf opens (Hartford Conn)

1850 - City of San Francisco incorporated

1858 - Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists

1861 - Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Lincoln

1864 - General Steeles’ Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas

1865 - Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen

1870 - Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada

1874 - NY legislature passes compulsory education law

1877 - 1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Mass

1878 - Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap

1892 - General Electric Company, forms & is incorporated in NY

1895 - Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)

1896 - 1st Olympic games close at Athens, Greece

1900 - An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs

1900 - International Exposition opens in Paris

1901 - 1st British motorized burial

1912 - Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as band plays on

1922 - Banting, MacLeod & Best discover insulin

1923 - Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics

1924 - Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.

1927 - Babe Ruth hits 1st of 60 HRs of season (off A’s Howard Ehmke)

1931 - 1st walk across American backwards begins

1940 - British troops land at Narvik, Norway

1941 - 1st helicopter flight of 1 hr duration, Stratford, Ct

1943 - Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase

1945 - British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp, Bergen-Belsen

1945 - US troops occupy concentration camp Colditz

1947 - Jackie Robinson goes hitless in his major league debut

1948 - 1st Jewish-Arab military battle, arabs defeated

1952 - 1st B-52 prototype test flight

1952 - Franklin National Bank issues 1st bank credit card

1952 - The maiden flight of the B-52 Stratofortress

1955 - Ray Kroc starts McDonald’s chain of fast food restaurants (Illinois)

1957 - Saturday mail delivery restored after Congress givs PO $41 million

1959 - Fidel Castro begins US goodwill tour

1959 - US Sect of States John Foster Dulles resigns

1962 - US national debt above $300,000,000,000

1964 - Chesapeake Bay Bridge opens (world’s longest)

1964 - Ian Smith becomes premier of Rhodesia

1969 - North Korea shoots at US airplane above Japanese sea

1970 - Libyan leader Gadaffi launches “Green Revolution”

1971 - 43rd Academy Awards – “Patton,” George C Scott & Glenda Jackson win

1972 - Barbra Striesand, James Taylor, Carole King & Quincy Jones perform at a benefit for George McGovern for President

1973 - Walt Disney Story opens

1974 - Military coup in Niger, president Diori Hamani deposed

1975 - 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken

1978 - 43 die as 2 express trains collide head-on south of Bologna, Italy

1981 - Janet Cooke says her Pulitzer award 8-year-old heroin addict story is a lie, Wash Post relinquishes Pulitzer Prize on fabricated story

1982 - Apollo Computer announces DN400, DN420, & landscape display

1983 - Tokyo Disneyland opens

1984 - Extremist Sikhs plunder 40 stations in Punjab India

1986 - US air raids Libya, responding to La Belle disco, Berlin bombing

1986 - The United States launches Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya.

1988 - Meteorite explode above Indonesia

1989 - 95 crushed to death at Sheffield Soccer Stadium in England

1989 - Then largest lottery in North America ($69M) drawn in Illinois

1990 - “In Living Color” premieres on FOX-TV

1991 - Former child actor Adam Rich charged with burglary

1991 - Magic Johnson sets NBA record for career assistswith 9,898

1991 - Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $280 per week

1992 - Billionaire Leona Helmsly is sent to jail for tax evasion

1992 - Jay Leno’s final appearance as permanent guest host of Tonight

1992 - Lincoln Hospital in Bronx loses its accreditation

1992 - William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy & DeForest Kelley inducted into National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame

1997 - America On Line, begins service in Japan

1997 - Baseball honors Jackie Robinson by retiring #42 for all teams

1997 - Fire sweeps through a campsite of Muslims making the Hajj pilgrimage; the official death toll is 343.

2010 - Volcanic ash from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland leads to the closure of airspace over most of Europe.

2012 - 400 Islamist Militants escape from a Pakistan prison after an insurgent attack

2012 - US Secret Service inappropriate conduct scandal begins with at least 11 people implicated

 

 

 

Births

1452 - Leonardo da Vinci, Italy, painter/sculptor/scientist/visionary

1469 - Nanak, 1st guru of Sikhs

1489 - Sinan, Ottoman architect (d. 1588)

1552 - Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1626)

1588 - Claudius Salmasius, [Claude Saumaise], French linguist

1641 - Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)

1646 - King Christian V of Denmark (d. 1699)

1646 - Pierre Poiret, French mystic (d. 1719)

1684 - Catherine I, empress of Russia (1725-27)

1707 - Leonhard Euler, Bassle Sweden, mathematician (Euler’s Constant)

1710 - William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)

1741 - Charles Willson Peale, US, port painter/inventor (George Washington)

1772 - Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. 1844)

1793 - Friedrich Struve, Germany, founded dynasty of astronomers

1794 - Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist (d. 1867)

1800 - James Clark Ross, explorer (British Antarctic)

1809 - Hermann Gunther Grassmann, mathematician

1820 - Evander McNair, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1902

1821 - Emerson Brown Joseph, (Confederacy), died in 1894

1822 - Napolean Jackson Tecumseh Dana, Major General (Union volunteers)

1829 - Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon

1837 - Horace Porter, Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1921

1841 - Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)

1843 - Henry James, American/British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), (d. 1916)

1874 - Johannes Stark, Germany, physicist (Stark effect) (Nobel 1919)

1874 - George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)

1875 - James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1953)

1885 - Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)

1889 - Thomas Hart Benton, Missouri, painter/muralist (Lonesome Road)

1891 - Alvin Carter, Virginia, vocalist (Carter Family)

1892 - Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)

1892 - Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)

1894 - Elizabeth Mae “Bessie” Smith, Empress of Blues (over 200 songs)

1894 - Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, Kalinovka, Dmitriyevsky Uyezd, Kursk Governorate, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64)

1895 - Harry F V Edward, British Guiana, 100m/200m runner (Oly-bronze-1920)

1895 - Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player (d. 1980)

1896 - Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)

1901 - Joe Davis, English snooker/billiards-world champ (1927-46)

1907 - Nicholas Tinbergen, Neth/British biologist/zoologist (Nobel 1973)

1912 - Kim II Sung, pres of North Korea (1945-94)

1912 - Peter Menzies, CEO (British Electricity Council)

1916 - Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)

1917 - Hans Conried, Balt Md, actor (Bullwinkle Show, Make Room for Daddy)

1920 - Thomas Szasz, Budapest, Hungary, psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), (d. 2012)

1922 - Michael Ansara, Lowell Mass, actor (Cochise-Broken Arrow, Centennial)

1927 - Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)

1928 - Norma Merrick Sklarek, 1st black woman architect in NY & Calif

1929 - Adrian Cadbury, candy manufacturer (Cadbury, Schweppes)

1933 - Boris Strugatski, USSR, sci-fi author (Tale of Troika)

1933 - Elizabeth Montgomery, LA California, actress (Samantha/Serena-Bewitched)

1933 - Roy Clark, Meherrin Va, country singer (Hee Haw)

1938 - Claudia Cardinale, Tunisian-born actress (The Pink Panther)

1939 - Marti Wilder, father of rocker Kim Wilde

1940 - Edy Hubacher, Switzerland, 4-man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1972)

1940 - Jeffrey Archer, England, (Tory-Commons)/author (Matter of Honor)

1940 - Robert Walker Jr, NYC, actor (Ceremony, Ms Don Juan, Ensign Pulver)

1940 - Robert Lacroix, French Canadian professor of economics

1942 - Walter Raphael Hazzard, Wilmington Del, basketball (Olympic-gold-1964)

1942 - Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)

1944 - Dave Edmunds, Wales, singer/guitarist (Rockpile-Baby I Love You)

1947 - Linda Bloodworth-Thomason, TV producer (Designing Women, Murphy Brown)

1947 - Michael DeBello, singer (Maniac)

1951 - Heloise II, columnist (Heloise’s Helpful Hints)

1951 - John L Phillips, Ft Belvoir Va, PhD/astronaut

1951 - Marsha S Ivins, Baltimore Maryland, astronaut (STS 32, 46, 62, 81)

1954 - Seka, American  actress

1955 - Barbara Barrow, LPGA golfer

1955 - Enith Salle Brigitha, Neth, 100m/200m swimmer (Olympic-bronze-1976)

1955 - Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)

1956 - Gregory J Harbaugh, Cleveland Ohio, astronaut (STS 39, 54, 71, 82)

1957 - Evelyn Ashford, Shreveport LA, 100m runner (Oly-4 gold-1976, 84)

1958 - Matt Reid, rock keyboardist (Berlin-Takes Your Breathe Away)

1959 - Emma Thompson, England, actress (Henry V, Howards End, Oscar-1992)

1960 - Marvin Clyde Goodwin, New Orleans La, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1961 - Tiina Lillak, Finland, javelin thrower (Olympic-silver-1984)

1963 - Teresa Wentzel DeWitt, Ft Bragg NC, double trap (Olympics-1996)

1963 - Bobby Pepper, American journalist

1966 - Samantha Karen Fox, East End London England, singer (Touch Me)

1967 - Dara Torres, Beverly Hills CA, US Olympic swimmer (Olympic-gold-84)

1968 - Stacey Williams, Phila Penn, model (SI Swimsuit 1996)

1971 - Jason Sehorn, NFL cornerback/safety (NY Giants)

1971 - Sarah Jane Hamilton, British  actress

1972 - Peter Billingsley, NYC, actor (Real People)

1972 - Lou Romano, American voice actor

1974 - Josh Todd, American musician (Buckcherry)

1975 - Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)

1976 - Susan Ward, American actress

1977 - Lisa Bell, Rockford Ill, figure skater (1997 Midwestern Sr champ)

1980 - Fränk Schleck, Luxembourgish cyclist

1982 - Seth Rogen, Canadian actor and writer

1984 - Ben Kasica, Guitarist of rock band Skillet

1990 - Emma Watson, Paris, France, English actress (Hermione Granger-Harry Potter Series)

 

 

Deaths

1053 - Godwin, Earl of Wessex

1220 - Adolf I, archbishop of Cologne, dies

1415 - Manuel Chrysoloras, Greek humanist and grammarian

1472 - Leon B Alberti, Italian humanist/architect (Philodoxis), dies at 68

1502 - Jan IV Chalon, prince of Orange, dies

1605 - Boris Godunov, tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies

1621 - John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony

1632 - George Calvert, Proprietor of the Avalon (Maryland) Colony (b. 1580)

1761 - Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)

1761 - William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (b. 1696)

1764 - Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1721) of tuberculosis aged 42

1793 - Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer (b. 1718)

1804 - Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)

1824 - Theodorus F van Capellen, vice-admiral (Algiers), dies at 61

1854 - Arthur Aikin, English chemist, mineralogist, and writer (b. 1773)

1865 - Abraham Lincoln, 16th American president, dies from gunshot wound at 56

1898 - Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader

1911 - Georg Knorr, German engineer, dies

1912 - Edward Smith, captain of the RMS Titanic (b. 1850)

1912 - John Jacob Astor IV, billionaire (b. 1864)

1920 - Jacob van Stolk Azn, art collector, dies at 74

1925 - John Singer Sargent, US portrait painter, dies at 69

1948 - Radola Gajda, Czech military commander and politician (d. 1892)

1949 - Wallace Beery, US actor (The Champ), dies at 64

1967 - Antonio de Curtis Toto, comedian, dies of heart attack at 69

1971 - Dan Reeves, American football team owner (b. 1912)

1975 - John B McKay, US test pilot (X-15), dies

1980 - Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialist philosopher and writer (Nobel 1964), dies in Paris at 74

1980 - Raymond Bailey, actor (Mr Drysdale-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 75

1982 - 5 murderers, of Egyptian pres Sadat, executed

1983 - Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (b. 1892)

1984 - Tommy Cooper, comedian, dies at 61

1986 - Jean Genet, French criminal/novelist/dramatist, dies at 75

1986 - Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin, cosmonaut, dies at 76

1989 - Nesuhi Ertegün, American record executive (b. 1917)

1990 - Greta Garbo, actress (Anna Karenina, Camille), dies at 84

1993 - Leslie Charteris, British mystery writer (Saint), dies at 85

1993 - John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (b. 1908)

1994 - John Curry, English figure skater (Oly-gold-76), dies of AIDS at 44

1995 - Denis Harding, soldier, dies at 79

1998 - Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (b. 1925)

1999 - Harvey Postlethwaite, British engineer and racing car designer (b. 1944)

2000 - Edward Gorey, American illustrator (b. 1925)

2001 - Joey Ramone, American musician and singer (The Ramones) (b. 1951)

2002 - Byron “Whizzer” White, American football player and U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1917)

2007 - Brant Parker, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

2010 - Jack Herer, American author and cannabis activist (b. 1939)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

43 BC - Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar’s assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.

193 - Lucius Septimus Severus crowned emperor of Rome

754 - Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] & Pippin the Korte

966 - Christianisation of Poland

972 - Notger becomes bishop of Liege

979 - Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England

1028 - German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king

1191 - 85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III

1341 - Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo.

1434 - The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid.

1471 - Battle of Barnet – King Edward IV vs Earl of Warwick

1544 - Battle at Carignano: French troops under Earl d’Enghien beat Swiss

1574 - Battle of Mookerhei – D’Avila beats Louis of Nassau

1611 - Word “telescope” is 1st used (Prince Federico Cesi)

1671 - Cosaks capture Russian boer leader Stenka Razin

1699 - Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar.

1775 - 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Phila

1777 - NY adopts new constitution as an independent state

1792 - France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars

1809 - Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

1814 - Napoleon abdicated & was banished to Elba

1818 - US Medical Corp forms

1828 - 18-gun sloop “Acorn” sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard

1828 - 1st edition of Noah Webster’s dictionary published

1831 - Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse.

1836 - Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin

1841 - Edgar Allen Poe’s “Murders in the Rue Morgue,” published

1853 - Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape

1860 - 1st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St Joseph, Mo

1861 - Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter

1861 - Robert E Lee resigns from Union army

1862 - Battle of Ft Pillow TN

1863 - William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press

1865 - Mobile, Alabama is captured

1865 - US Secret Service created to fight counterfeiting

1865 - U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.

1865 - President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater

1868 - SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228

1871 - Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills

1872 - Dominion Lands Act passed-Canada’s Homestead Act

1872 - San Francisco organizes Bar Association

1881 - The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupts in El Paso, Texas.

1902 - JC Penney opens his 1st store, in Kemmerer, Wyo

1903 - Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)

1906 - Pres Theodore Roosevelt denounces “muckrakers” in US press

1909 - Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London

1914 - Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern

1915 - Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo

1915 - The Turks invade Armenia.

1918 - Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)

1920 - Tornadoes killed 219 people in Alabama & Mississippi

1927 - The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden.

1928 - Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA

1935 - Sandstorm ravages US midwest (Dust Bowl)

1939 - John Steinbeck novel “The Grapes of Wrath” published

1940 - Allied troops land in Norway

1940 - RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia

1941 - 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up

1942 - Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

1944 - 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz

1944 - Freighter “Fort Stikene” explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376

1944 - Gen Eisenhower becomes head commander of allied air fleet

1945 - American planes bombed Tokyo & damaged the Imperial Palace

1945 - Arnhem/Zwolle freed from nazis

1945 - US 7th Army & allies forces captured Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany

1945 - US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa

1945 - US marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa

1948 - A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon

1948 - NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents

1953 - Viet-Minh offensive in Laos

1955 - Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform

1956 - Ampex Corp demonstrates 1st commercial videotape recorder

1958 - Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burns up in atmosphere

1960 - 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile

1961 - Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua

1961 - US element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered

1964 - Sandy Koufax throws his 9th complete game without allowing a walk

1967 - In the Vietnam War, US planes bombed Haiphong for 1st time

1968 - Roberto de Vicenzo loses Masters for signing an incorrect score card

1969 - Student Afro-American Society seized at Columbia College

1971 - President Nixon ends blockade against People’s Republic of China

1973 - Acting FBI director L Patrick Gray resigns after admitting he destroyed evidence in the Watergate scandal

1978 - Korean Air Lines Boeing 707, fired on by Soviets, crashes in Russia

1980 - 1st Cubans of the Mariel boatlift sail to Florida

1983 - Pres Reagan signs $165 billion Social Security rescue

1985 - Jack C Burcham is 5th to receive “Jarvik 7″ permanent artificial heart

1986 - Double-decker ferry sinks in stormy weather in Bangladesh killing 200

1986 - US aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya

1987 - Turkey asks to join European market

1989 - 1,100,000,000th Chinese born

1992 - Court throws out Apple’s lawsuit against Microsoft

1992 - UAW ends 5 month strike against Caterpillar Inc

1992 - UN imposes embargo against Libya takes effect

1994 - US F-15 accidentally shoots 2 US helicopters down over Iraq, 26 die

1994 - Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender after completion of his Seven Seals manuscript

1999 - NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees – Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed.

2000 - Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich files a lawsuit against P2P sharing phenomenon Napster. This law-suit eventually leads the movement against file-sharing programs.

2002 - Tiger Woods becomes the third golfer to win The Masters in two consecutive years

2002 - Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by the country’s military.

2003 - The Human Genome Project is completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%.

2003 - U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the Achille Lauro in 1985.

2007 - At least 200,000 demonstrators in Ankara, Turkey protest against the possible candidacy of incumbent Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

2010 - Icelandic Volcano Eyjafjallajökull begins erupting from the top crater in the centre of the glacier

 

 

 

Births 

1336 - Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)

1572 - Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician (d. 1632)

1578 - Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621)

1592 - Abraham Elsevier, book publisher/publisher

1629 - Christian Huygens, Holland, astronomer (discovered Saturn’s rings)

1668 - Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General (d. 1741)

1676 - Ernst Chreistian Hesse, composer

1710 - Marie A C de Camargo, Spanish/Italian/Belgian dancer

1721 - William August duke of Cumberland, English army leader

1741 - Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)

1762 - Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist

1788 - David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)

1813 - Junius S Morgan, US, merchant/philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)

1820 - Harry Thompson Hays, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876

1827 - Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)

1832 - James Hewett Ledlie, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1882

1861 - Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor

1866 - Anne Mansfield Sullivan, US, educated Helen Keller

1868 - Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)

1882 - Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)

1889 - Arnold Toynbee, England, historian (Study of History)

1892 - Giorgio Cesana, Italy, coxswain, (Olympic-gold-1906)

1892 - Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian

1901 - Alfred West, champion cyclist/record hair splitter (17 splits)

1901 - Martin Kessel, writer

1904 - John Gielgud, London England, actor (Arthur, Ages of Man)

1906 - Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz, King Saudi-Arabia (1964-75)

1907 - Francois “Doc” Duvalier, dictator of Haiti

1912 - Robert Doisneau, photographer

1913 - John Howard, Cleve Ohio, actor (Dave-My Three Sons)

1920 - John Paul Stevens, Supreme Court Justice

1921 - Thomas Schelling, American economist, Nobel laureate

1925 - Bill Harris, US guitarist (Clovers-Good Lovin’)

1925 - Rod Steiger, West Hampton NY, actor (Illustrated Man, Pawnbroker)

1933 - Buddy Knox, Happy Tx, rock vocalist (Party Doll, Lovey Dovey)

1935 - Loretta Lynn, Butcher’s Hollow Ky, singer (Coal Miner’s Daughter)

1936 - Kenneth Mars, American actor

1936 - Frank Serpico, American policeman

1941 - Julie Christie, Assam India, actress (Dr Zhivago)

1941 - Pete Rose, Cincinnati Reds, Charlie hustle (most hits in majors)

1941 - Ryan O’Neal, actor (Love Story, Paper Moon)

1945 - Ritchie Blackmore, Engld, guitarist (Rainbow-Stone Cold, Deep Purple)

1945 - Steve Martin, Waco TX, writer/actor (Jerk, Housesitter)

1948 - Ty Grimes, rocker (Capt Beefheart Band Drums

1949 - John Shea, North Conway NH, actor (Honeymoon, New Life, Lois & Clark)

1952 - Kenny Aaronson, rocker

1953 - Irina Rudolfovna Pronina, Russian cosmonaut

1954 - Bruce Sterling, US, sci-fi author (Involution Ocean, Schismatrix)

1957 - Richard Jeni, American comedian (d. 2007)

1961 - Robert Carlyle, Glasgow, Scotland, British actor (Trainspotting, The Full Monty)

1962 - James Carpenter, Canton Conn, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1966 - David Justice, baseball player (Atlanta Braves)/husband of Halle Barry

1966 - Greg Maddux, San Angelo TX, pitcher (Atlanta Braves)

1967 - Barret Martin, rocker (Screaming Trees)

1968 - Anthony Michael Hall, Boston Mass, comedian (SNL, Breakfast Club)

1973 - Adrien Brody, American actor

1975 - Amy Dumas, American professional wrestler

1975 - Veronika Zemanová, Czech model

1977 - Sarah Michelle Gellar, actress (Kendall-All My Children, Buffy)

1979 - Randal McCloy, Survivor of the Sago Mine Disaster

1986 - Anne Watanabe, Japanese model

1996 - Abigail Breslin, American child actress

 

 

 

Deaths

711 - Childebert III, king of French, dies at about 27

911 - Sergius III, Italian Pope (904-11), dies

1099 - Conrad, bishop of Utrecht, stabbed to death

1132 - Mstislav of Kiev (b. 1076)

1240 - Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales, dies

1279 - Boleslaus of Greater Poland

1322 - Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, English soldier (b. 1275)

1433 - Liduina van Schiedam, Dutch mystic (Christ’s Bride)/saint, dies at 53

1574 - Christoffel Palts, German general strategist, dies in battle

1574 - Hendrik, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle

1574 - Louis, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle at 35

1578 - James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland

1599 - Henry Wallop, English statesman

1662 - William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (b. 1582)

1716 - Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, British admiral

1759 - Georg Friedrich Handel, organist/composer (Watermusic), dies at 74

1764 - Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer, dies at 84

1785 - William Whitehead, English writer (b. 1715)

1792 - Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)

1874 - Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch author/engineer on Curacao, dies at 86

1911 - Addie Joss, American baseball player (b. 1880)

1924 - Louis H Sullivan, architect (Wainwright building St Louis), dies at 67

1935 - Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)

1941 - Jack Edmonson, Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross), dies

1948 - Walter P Reuther, Pres (United Auto Workers), shot at his home

1949 - Joseph A Cushman, US paleontologist, dies at 68

1964 - Rachel L Carson, US biologist/author (Silent spring), dies at 56

1964 - Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (b. 1876)

1965 - Perry E Smith, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged

1965 - Robert E Hickok, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged

1971 - Armand Spitz, developer of small educational planetarium, dies

1975 - Fredric March, actor (Inherit the Wind), dies at 77

1983 - Nina Dumbadze, Russian discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1952), dies at 64

1983 - Pete Farndon, rock bassist (Pretenders), dies

1985 - Reginald Beane, pianist (Starlit Time, Once Upon a Tune), dies at 63

1992 - Sammy Price, US boogie-woogie pianist, dies

1995 - Burl Ives, folk singer/actor (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof), dies at 85

1995 - Donald Keech, entrepreneur, dies at 74

1995 - James Daniel “Danny” Turner, saxophonist, dies at 75

1996 - Gaylord Birch, drummer (Pointer Sisters, Herbie Hancock), dies at 50

1999 - Anthony Newley, British actor and singer (b. 1931)

2000 - Phil Katz, American computer programmer (b. 1962)

2001 - Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (b. 1927)

2007 - Don Ho, American musician (b. 1930)

2008 - Ollie Johnston, the last living member of Disney’s Nine Old Men. (b. 1912)

2010 - Peter Steele, American musician. (b. 1968)

2011 - Walter Breuning, American supercentenarian (b. 1896)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

837 - Best view of Halley’s Comet in 2000 years

989 - Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas

1055 - Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt named Pope Victor II

1111 - Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II

1180 - Republic day of Gelnhausen

1204 - Crusaders occupy Constantinople

1241 - Battle at Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Béla IV

1250 - The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.

1256 - The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.

1346 - Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy

1367 - Battle at Nájera Spain: Castile & England beat Aragon & France

1556 - Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope

1598 - Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots

1640 - English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)

1668 - John Dryden (36) becomes 1st English poet laureate

1741 - Dutch people protest bad quality of bread

1741 - Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich

1759 - French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen

1796 - 1st elephant arrives in US from India

1796 - Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

1808 - William Henry Lane (“Juda”) perfects tap dance

1829 - English Emancipation Act grants freedom of religion to Catholics

1860 - 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento Calif

1861 - After 34 hours of bombardment, Ft Sumter surrenders to Confederates

1863 - Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)

1863 - Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital

1865 - Battle of Raleigh, NC

1865 - Sherman’s march through Georgia begins

1868 - Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide

1869 - Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

1870 - Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC

1873 - Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)

1883 - US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism

1902 - J C Penney opens his 1st store in Kemmerer, Wyo

1904 - Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Herero’s chase away German army

1904 - Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin

1906 - Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama

1918 - Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital

1919 - Amritsar Massacre-British Army fires on nationalist rioters in India

1919 - British forces kill 100s of Indian Nationalists (Amritsar Massacre)

1920 - 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed

1926 - Bicyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam

1933 - 1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale)

1934 - US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act

1939 - In India, the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.

1940 - 2nd battle of Narvik-8 German destroyers, destroyed

1940 - Cornelious Warmerdam became 1st man to pole vault 15 ft

1941 - Heavy German assault on Tobruk

1943 - FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

1943 - Nazi’s discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn

1944 - The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.

1945 - Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis

1945 - Red Army occupy Wien (Vienna)

1945 - US marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa

1948 - 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus

1954 - Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

1955 - 20.33″ (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)

1957 - Due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in US is temp halted

1958 - Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Chaikovsky Compettion in Moscow.

1959 - USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit

1960 - France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara

1960 - Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit

1962 - US steel industry forced to give up price increases

1963 - Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit

1964 - Ian D Smith becomes premier of Rhodesia

1966 - Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s

1969 - 33rd Golf Masters Championship: George Archer wins, shooting a 281

1970 - 34th Golf Masters Championship: Billy Casper wins, shooting a 279

1975 - 39th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 276

1975 - Chad military coup by General Odingar

1975 - Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war

1976 - $2 bill re-introduced as US currency

1976 - Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes

1979 - Longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours

1980 - “Grease” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 3,388 performances

1980 - US boycotts Summer Olympics in Moscow

1981 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Beth Henley for “Crimes of the Heart”

1981 - Wash Post Janet Cooke wins Pulitzer Prize (later admits story a hoax)

1983 - Undefeated middleweight boxer Tony Ayala gets 35 years on sex assault

1984 - Pete Rose becomes 1st NL to get get 4,000 hits in a career

1985 - “TASS” denounced US boycott of Moscow Olympics

1986 - Boston Celtics end season with a 40-1 home win record

1986 - Spanish Grand Prix decided by 0.014 of a second

1987 - Portugal signs agreement to return Macau to China (in 1999)

1992 - American Airlines reduce its 1st-class fares 20%-50%

1992 - Crystal Pepsi begins test marketing in Providence, Denver & Dallas

1992 - Great Chicago Flood – Chicago’s underground tunnels flood

1994 - President guard at Kigali Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death

1997 - Hartford Whalers last NHL game

2012 - North Korean long range rocket testing ends in failure after the rocket broke up after launch

 

 

 

Births

1506 - Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (d. 1546)

1519 - Catherine de’ Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons

1547 - Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1568)

1570 - Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator (d. 1606)

1573 - Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1625)

1618 - Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (d. 1693)

1626 - Aert Jansz van Nes, Lt-admiral, baptised

1721 - John Hanson, Maryland, 1st US Pres under Articles of Confederation (d. 1783)

1743 - Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, (D-R) 3rd President of the United States (1801-09) (d. 1826)

1771 - Richard Trevithick, Cornwall, inventor (steam locomotive)

1780 - Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (d. 1868)

1784 - Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder

1784 - Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (d. 1877)

1791 - Félix PBOG earl de Merode, Belgian minister of War/Finance

1802 - Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (d. 1884)

1808 - Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (d. 1896)

1822 - Leroy Augustus Stafford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1822 - William Stephen Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1832 - James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (electricstatic generator)

1850 - Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)

1852 - F.W. Woolworth, American businessman (d. 1919)

1854 - Richard T Ely, US economist (Hard Times)

1866 - Butch Cassidy, [Robert LeRoy Parker], American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage)

1887 - Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)

1889 - Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)

1891 - Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian winner of the Victoria Cross (d. 1921)

1892 - Arthur Harris, Cheltenham, Marshal of the RAF

1892 - Robert A Watson-Watt, England, physicist (radar)

1897 - Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)

1899 - Alfred Moser Butts, game inventor (Scrabble)

1900 - Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)

1902 - Philippe de Rothschild, Paris, manager (Bordeaux Vineyard)

1904 - Sir David Robinson, British philanthropist and entrepreneur (d. 1987)

1906 - Budd [Lawrence] Freeman, US jazz saxophonist (Eel)

1906 - Samuel Beckett, French playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969)

1907 - Harold Stassen, W St Paul Minn, (Gov-R-Minn) perennial pres candidate

1909 - Eudora Welty, Jackson Ms, novelist (Optimist’s Daughter-Pulitzer 1973)

1909 - Stanislaw Marcin Ulam, Polish mathematician (d. 1984)

1913 - Bernard Chacksfield, Air Vice-Marshal

1913 - David Donald Albritton, Danville Al, high jumper (Olympic-silver-1936)

1916 - Phyllis Fraser Cerf Wagner, American actress, journalist, and publisher (d. 2006)

1917 - Howard Keel, Ill, actor/singer and president of the Screen Actors Guild (7 Brides for 7 Brothers, Kiss Me Kate)

1919 - Madalyn Murray O’Hair, American atheist (opppsed prayer in school)

1920 - Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)

1921 - Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza, industrialist

1921 - James Wilson, British Lt-General

1922 - Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (d. 1999)

1923 - Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)

1924 - Stanley Donen, SC, film director/producer (Bedazzled, Damn Yankees)

1925 - Frank Neville Hosband Robinson, physicist

1926 - 11th duke of Marlborough, English large landowner

1926 - Don Adams, NYC, comedian (Maxwell Smart-Get Smart, Check it Out)

1927 - Rosa Joyce Plesters Brommelie, conservation scientist

1931 - Jon Stone, co-creator of Sesame Street (d. 1997)

1933 - Ben Nighthorse Campbell, (Sen-D Colorado)

1933 - Shani Wallis, Ireland, singer/actress (Oliver)

1935 - Kenneth Hayr, air marshal

1935 - Lyle Waggoner, KC Kansas, actor (Carol Burnette Show, Wonder Woman)

1937 - Edward Fox, London England, actor (M-Never Say Never Again)

1937 - Lanford Wilson, US playwright (Hot L Baltimore)

1939 - Paul Sorvino, actor (Chiefs, Dick Tracy)

1940 - Lester Chambers, Ms, vocalist (Chamber Brothers-Time Has Come Today)

1940 - Mike Beuttler, British racing driver (d. 1988)

1941 - Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist, Nobel laureate

1942 - Bill Conti, Providence RI, composer (For Your Eyes Only, Rocky IV)

1943 - Bill Koch, US skier

1943 - Billy Kidd, American skier

1944 - Brian Pendleton, rocker (Pretty Things)

1944 - Jack Casady, Wash DC, rock bassist (Hot Tuna, Jefferson Airplane)

1945 - Edward J Caruthers Jr, Troy Ala, high jumper (Olympic-silver-1968)

1945 - Lowell George, rock vocalist/guitarist (Little Feat-Time is a Hero)

1945 - Tony Dow, Hollywood California, actor (Wally-Leave it to Beaver)

1946 - Al Green, Forest City Arkansas, singer (Lets Stay Together)

1946 - Roy Loney, rocker (Flaming Groovies)

1948 - Nam Hae-il, Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy

1949 - Jean-Jacques Favier, Kehl Germany, astronaut (STS 78)

1949 - Philippe Petit, Nemours France, juggler/aerialist

1949 - Ricardo Zuniño, Argentine racing driver

1950 - Riff West, rock bassist (Molly Hatchet)

1950 - Ron Perlman, Bronx NY, actor (Quest for Fire, Beauty & the Beast)

1951 - Beatrix “Trixie” Schuba, Austria, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1972)

1951 - Max Weinberg, rock drummer (E Street Band, Conan O’Brien Show)

1951 - Peabo Bryson, Greenville SC, R&B vocalist (I’m So into You)

1951 - Peter Davison, actor (Dr Who, Sink or Swim, Fiddlers Three)

1952 - Jonjo O’Neill, racehorse trainer

1952 - Ron Dittemore, American space administrator

1954 - Jimmy Destri, rock keyboardist (Blondie-Heart of Glass, Rapture)

1956 - Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand rally driver (d. 2003)

1957 - Saundra Santiago, Bronx NY, actress (Gina-Miami Vice)

1958 - Randy Piper, heavy metal rocker (Wasp-Wildchild)

1959 - Vicki Witt Lansing MI, playmate (Aug, 1978)

1960 - Olaf Ludwig, German cyclist

1962 - Hillel Slovak, Israeli-born guitarist (d. 1988)

1963 - Gary Kimovich Kasparov, USSR, world chess champion (1985- )

1964 - Davis Milton Love III, Charlotte NC, PGA golfer (1987 MCI Heritage)

1964 - Caroline Rhea, Canadian actress

1969 - Harold Pruett, rocker (Outsiders-Time Won’t Let Me)

1970 - Rick Schroder, SI NY, actor (Ricky-Silver Spoons, Champ, Earthling)

1971 - Charles Outlaw, NBA forward (LA Clippers, Orlando Magic)

1974 - Darren Turner , British Race Driver

1975 - Lou Bega, German-born musician and artist

1978 - Chris Sligh, American Idol finalist

 

 

 

Deaths

799 - Paul the Deacon / Paulus Diaconus Warnefred, Italian Benedictine monk and chronicler (born c. 720)

814 - Krum of Bulgaria

1093 - Prince Vsevolod I of Kiev (b. 1030)

1279 - Boleslaw the Pious, Polish duke

1517 - Tuman Bey, last Mamelukken sultan of Egypt, hanged

1612 - Sasaki Kojirō, Japanese samurai

1635 - Fakhr-al-Din II, Druze Prince of Lebanon (b. 1572)

1722 - Charles Leslie, Irish controversialist, dies

1793 - Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary (b. 1763)

1806 - Jean-Jacques Bachelier, French painter, dies at about 82

1853 - Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (b. 1788)

1855 - Henry De la Beche, English geologist (b. 1796)

1880 - Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)

1904 - Vasili Vereshtshagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), dies

1918 - Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian general (b. 1870)

1936 - Milton Brown, American swing bandleader (b. 1903)

1941 - Annie Jump Cannon, US astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

1942 - Henk Sneevliet, leader of Dutch RSAP/Spartacus, executed at 58

1945 - Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)

1967 - Luis Somoza Debayle, president of Nicaragua (1956-63), dies at 44

1980 - Markus Höttinger, Austrian racing driver (b. 1956)

1984 - Christopher Wilder, FBI’s “most wanted man,” accidentally kills self

1992 - Wallace Stegner, novelist (Pulitzer 1972), dies at 84

1994 - Donald Benjamin Harden, archaeologist, dies at 92

1996 - James “Jimmy the Gent” Burke, criminal, dies at 64

1997 - George Wald, scientist (Nobel Prize, vitamin A in retina), dies at 80

1997 - Dorothy Frooks, American author and military figure (b. 1896)

1998 - Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfer (b. 1960)

2002 - Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racecar driver (b. 1928)

2003 - Possum Bourne, New Zealand rally car driver (b. 1956

2005 - Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (b. 1924)

2007 - Don Selwyn, Māori actor and film director (b. circa 1936)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

467 - Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.

1065 - Pilgrims under bishop Gunther of Bamberg reach Jerusalem

 

1204 - 4th Crusade occupies & plunders Constantinople

 

 

 

 

 

 

1229 - Queen Blanche of Castile & earl Raymond VII van Toulouse sign peace

1545 - French king Francois I orders protestants of Vaudois to be killed

1557 - Cuenca is founded in Ecuador.

1606 - England adopts Union Jack as its flag

1654 - Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State

1770 - Townsend Acts repealed

1776 - Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina

1782 - Battle at Les Saintes West-Indies: British fleet beats French

1787 - Philadelphia’s Free African Society forms

1811 - 1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, WA

1820 - Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.

 

1844 - Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States

 

 

 

 

1858 - 1st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)

1861 - Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting Civil War

1862 - James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA

1862 - Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski Georgia

1863 - -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana

1864 - Battle of Blair’s Landing LA

1864 - Confederate Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tn

1869 - North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law

1872 - Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

1877 - British annex Transvaal, in South Africa

1877 - Catcher’s mask 1st used in a baseball game

1883 - French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal

1893 - Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi

1894 - British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa

1898 - Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in SF Bay to Navy

1905 - French Dufaux brothers test helicopter

1905 - Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)

1908 - Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea Massachusetts

1911 - 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)

1919 - British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages

1927 - Gen Chiang Kai-shek begins counter revolution in Shanghai

1928 - Assassination attempt on king Victor Emmanuel II of Italy

 

1934 - Highest velocity wind ever recorded on Mt WashingtonNH, 231 mph

 

 

 

 

 

 

1934 - The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
1935 - First flight of the Bristol Blenheim.

1938 - US began requiring medical tests for marriage licenses

1940 - Italy annexes Albania

1941 - Vichy-France’s head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Hitler

1942 - Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan

1945 - Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Neth

1945 - Harry Truman sworn in as 33rd pres

1953 - Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston

1954 - Bill Haley & Comets records “Rock Around Clock”

1954 - Joe Turner releases “Shake, Rattle & Roll”

1955 - Salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched

1959 - France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria

1961 - Douglas MacArthur declines offer to become baseball commissioner

1963 - Birmingham police use dogs & cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators

1966 - 1st B-52 bombing on North Vietnam

1966 - Rocker Jan Berry crashes his corvette into a parked truck

 

 

 

1968 - Nerve gas accident at Skull ValleyUtah.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1969 - Simon & Garfunkel releases “Boxer”

1970 - Yankees dedicate plaques to Mickey Mantle & Joe DiMaggio

1980 - BCMA, Black Consciousness Movement of Azania, forms

1980 - Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d’etat, ending over 130 years of national democratic presidential succession.

1981 - Maiden voyage Space Transit System-space shuttle Columbia launched

1982 - 3 CBS employees shot to death in NYC parking lot

1983 - Harold Washington elected Chicago’s 1st black mayor

1985 - US Olympic Committee endorses a boycott of Moscow games

1987 - Texaco files for bankruptcy

1988 - Harvard U patents genetically engineered mouse (1st for animal life)
1988 - Sonny Bono elected mayor of Palm Springs Calif

1990 - Greyhound Bus hires new drivers to replace strikers

1990 - James Brown moves to a work-release center after serving 15 months

1990 - 1st meeting of East German democratically elected parliament, acknowledges responsibility for Nazi holocaust & asks for forgivenesss

1991 - 2,500th episode of Entertainment Tonight airs

1991 - US announces closing of 31 major US military bases

1992 - Euro Disney opens in Marne-la-Vallee France

1992 - Lynn Gunther of California threatens to blow herself up in front of UN

1992 - Trump Shuttle becomes US Air Shuttle

1994 - Canter & Siegel post the first commercial mass Usenet spam.

1999 - US President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving “intentionally false statements” in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.

2002 - Pedro Carmona becomes interim President of Venezuela during the military coup against Hugo Chávez.

2002 - Palestinian suicide bomber (female) kills 7 and injures 104 (among them 9 Arabs) at the Mahane Yehuda Market in Jerusalem.

2009 - U.S. Navy rescues captain Richard Phillips, killing three pirates and capturing a fourth.

2012 - A ceasefire in the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising comes into effect

2012 - Bodleian, Oxford University and Vatican libraries announce over 1.5 million pages of ancient texts will be made available across the internet

 

 

 

Births

599 BC - Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism (d. 527 BC)

812 - Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)

1484 - Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (d. 1546)

1500 - Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German humanist

1526 - Muretus, French humanist (d. 1585)

1550 - Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English politician (d. 1604)

1579 - Francois de Bassompierre, marshal of France

1695 - Caspar Burman, historian/mayor (Utrecht Neth)

1705 - William Cookworthy, English chemist (d. 1780)

 

1724 - Lyman HallUS physician (signed Declaration of Independence)

Lyman_Hall

 

 

 

 

1748 - Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)

1777 - Henry Clay, [the Great Compromiser], US politician

1794 - Germinal P Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry)

1801 - Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar/secession leader

1831 - George Burgwyn Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1831 - Grenville Mellen Dodge, Major General (Union volunteers)

1838 - John Shaw Billings, US, librarian/army physician

1852 - [Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician

1856 - William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen)

1868 - Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese naval commander (d. 1918)

1878 - Richard B Goldschmidt, German/US zoologist

1883 - Imogen Cunningham, photographer (1965 ASMP award)

1884 - Otto Meyerhof, Germany, psychologist/biochemist (Nobel-1922)

1898 - Lily Pons, American soprano (d. 1976)

1904 - Harald James Penrose, pilot

1908 - Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American Air Force pilot (d. 2006)

1911 - Darrell A Amyx, US archaeologist (Greek Ceramics)

1912 - Harold Maguire, British air marshal

1912 - Herbert Mills, singer, (Mills Brothers)

1913 - Keiko Fukuda, Tokyo, Japan, martial artist, (d. 2013)

1914 - Armen Alchian, American economist

1915 - Emil [Theodore] Petaja, US, sci-fi author (Star Mill, Tramontane)

1916 - Benjamin Libet, American scientist (d. 2007)

1917 - Helen Forrest, American singer (d. 1999)

1919 - Wilson Charles Geoffery Baldwin, hero

1923 - Ann Miller, [Lucille Ann Collier], Cherino, Tex, dancer (On the Town)

1924 - Julius Moormann, student/resistance fighter (WW II)

1928 - Brooklyn Supreme, Belgium, stallion, heaviest known horse (1450 kg)

 

1928 - Hardy KrügerGerman actor

 

 

 

 

1932 - Tiny Tim [ Herbert Khaury], New York, musician, (d. 1996)

1936 - Charles Napier, actor (Night Stalker, Rambo)

1937 - Raymond Ceulemans, Belgian world champ billiards player

1939 - Alan Ayckbourn, London, playwright

 

1940 - Herbie HancockChicagopianist (I Thought it Was You)

herbie-hancock-by-peter-wochniak-1636

 

VIDEOS

 

 

1942 - Frank Bank, Hollywood California, actor (Lumpy-Leave it to Beaver)

1942 - Carlos Reutemann, Argentine racing driver and politician

 

1944 - John Kay, [Joachim F Krauledat], Germanyrock vocalist (Steppenwolf)

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1946 - Ed O’Neill, actor (Al Bundy-Married with Children)

1947 - Dan Lauria, actor (Jack Arnold-Wonder Years) (1947 approx)

1947 - David Letterman, Indianapolis Ind, comedian (Late Night)

1947 - Tom Clancy, American author

1947 - Antonin Kratochvil photographer

1949 - Scott Turow, American writer

1950 - David Cassidy, NYC, singer/actor (Keith-Partridge Family)

1950 - Kari Palaste, Finnish architect

1950 - Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman and F1 team principal (Renault F1)

1951 - Jackson Spires, rock drummer (Blackfoot)

1954 - Marvin Johnson, US, middleweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1972)

 

 

 

1954 - Pat Traversrock guitarist (Puttin’ it Straight)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

1956 - Alexander Briley, vocalist (YMCA-Village People)

1956 - Andy Garcia, Cuba, actor (Stand & Deliver, 8 Million Ways to Die)

1958 - Tony James, rock bassist (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)

1958 - Will Sergeant, rock guitarist (Echo & Bunnymen-Killing Moon)

1961 - D D Verni, heavy metal rocker (Overkill-Hello From the Gutter)

1961 - Julius Kariuki, Kenya, 3K steeplechaser (Olympic-gold-1988)

1962 - Takada Nobuhiko, Japanese wrestler

1965 - Elaine Zayak, NJ, figure skater (Olympics-6th-1984)

1971 - Shannen Doherty, Memphis Tn, actress (Little House, Bev Hills 90210)

1979 - Claire Danes, NYC, actress (Angela-My So Called Life, Romeo & Juliet)

1985 - Hitomi Yoshizawa, Japanese singer

1985 - Jeisa Chiminazzo, Brazilian supermodel

 

 

 

Deaths 

45 BC - Gnaeus Pompeius, the Younger, Roman general

 

 

 

65 - Seneca the YoungerRoman philosopherstatesman and dramatist

 

 

 

 

 

 

238 - Gordian II, Roman co-Emperor with his father Gordian I, killed in battle at Carthage

238 - Gordian I, Roman Emperor, suicide, after losing battle at Carthage and death of son Gordian I

352 - Julius I, pope (337-52), dies

434 - Archbishop Maximianus of Constantinople

1125 - Vladislaus I of Bohemia

1443 - Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury

1550 - Claude of Lorraine, duke of Guise, dies at 53

1555 - Joanna of Castile (Joanna the mad), wife of Philip I of Castile dies at 75

1605 - Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies

1687 - Ambrose Dixon, Virginia Colony pioneer

1817 - Charles Messier, “comet ferret” & catalogs famous “M objects,”, dies

1864 - Thomas Green, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 50

1878 - William M “Boss” Tweed, NY politician, dies

1902 - Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist (b. 1842)

1912 - Clara Barton, organizer (American Red Cross), dies at 90

1945 - Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies at 63

1946 - August Borms, Flemish nazi collaborator, executed at 67

1962 - Ron Flockhart, Scottish racing driver (b. 1923)

1965 - Linda Darnell, US actress (Dakota Incident), dies at 43

1968 - Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer and Volkswagen director (b. 1899)

1975 - Josephine Baker, US/French revue artist (Folies-Bergere), dies at 68

 

 

 

1976 - Paul Fordactor (Phil Silvers Show), dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 - Philip K Wrigley, baseball owner (Chicago Cubs), dies at 82

1980 - Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards and snooker player (b. 1895)

1981 - Joe Louis, [Brown bomber], US heavyweight boxing champion (1937-49), dies at 66

1988 - Alan Stewart Paton, writer, dies

1989 - Abbie Hoffman, yippie peace activist of the 60′s, dies at 52

1989 - Sugar Ray Robinson, heavyweight boxing champ, dies at 67 of Alzheimer

1994 - Harry la Fontaine, Danish/US resistance fighter/producer, dies at 81

1995 - Chris Pyne, trombonist, dies at 56

1996 - William Wilkinson, businessman/conservationist, dies at 63

1997 - George Wald, scientist, dies at 90

1999 - Boxcar Willie, American singer (b. 1931)

2001 - Harvey Ball, American inventor (b. 1921)

2003 - Cecil H. Green, American manufacturer (b. 1900)

2008 - Jerry Zucker, Israeli-born American businessman (b. 1949)

2009 - Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress (b. 1952)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I.

672 - Deusdedit III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1079 - Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland.

1471 - King Edward IV of England conquers London from Henry VI

 

 

 

1512 - Battle at RavennaFrance under Gaston de Foix beat Spanish Army

 

 

 

 

 

1551 - English premier John Dudley appointed duke of Northumberland

1564 - England & France sign Peace of Troyes

1564 - Liege prince-bishop Robert van Bergen resigns

1677 - Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III

1689 - William III & Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain

1713 - Peace of Utrecht; France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain – English, Prussian, Savoois, Portuguese & French peace treaty

1775 - The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place.

 

 

 

1856 - Battle of RivasCosta Rica beats Wm Walker’s invading Nicaraguans

 

 

 

 

 

1862 - Rebels surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia-Rebels surrender

1863 - Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)

1865 - Battle of Mobile, AL – evacuated by Confederates

1868 - The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.

1876 - Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks organizes

1876 - Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan

1881 - Spelman College founded

1898 - President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration

1899 - Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US

1900 - US Navy’s 1st submarine made its debut

1906 - Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity

1907 - NY Giant Roger Bresnahan becomes 1st catcher to wear shin guards

1921 - Iowa imposed 1st state cigarette tax

1921 - First sports broadcast on the radio takes place.

1921 - The Emirate of Transjordan is created.

1941 - Germany blitzes Conventry, England

1942 - Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized

1943 - Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft

1945 - SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen

1945 - US captures Tsugen Shima

1947 - Jackie Robinson becomes 1st black in modern major-league baseball

1950 - Prince Rainier III becomes ruler of Monaco

1950 - US B-29 bomber shot down above Latvia

1951 - Pres Harry Truman fires Gen Douglas McArthur

1952 - The Battle of Nanri island takes place.

1955 - The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.

1956 - Singer Nat Cole attacked on stage of Birmingham theater by whites

1957 - Pablo Neruda arrested in Buenos Aires

 

 

 

1957 - Ryan X-13 Vertijet becomes 1st jet to take-off & land vertically

 

 

 

 

 

1961 - Adolf Eichmann trial begins in Israel

1962 - New York Mets make a losing debut

1963 - Warren Spahn beats Mets 6-1 for his 328th win (most by a lefty)

1965 - 40 tornadoes strike US midwest killing 272 & injuring 5,000

1966 - 30th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 288

1967 - Harlem (NYC) voters defy Congress & reelect Adam Clayton Powell Jr

1970 - Apollo 13 launched to Moon; unable to land, returns in 6 days

1970 - Beatles’ “Let It Be,” single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks

1972 - Benjamin L Hooks, named to FCC

1976 - The Apple I is created.

1979 - Ugandan dictator Idi Amin overthrown; Tanzania takes Kampala

1981 - Larry Holmes beats Trevor Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1981 - Race riot in London area of Brixton

1981 - Ronald Reagan arrives home from hospital after Hinkley shot him

1983 - NASA launches RCA-F

1986 - Dodge Morgan sailed solo nonstop around world in 150 days

1986 - Halley’s Comet makes closest approach to Earth this trip, 63 M km

1990 - Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.

1992 - Euro-Disney opens near Paris

1992 - Irish Republican Army bombs London financial district, killing 3

1993 - 450 prisoners rioted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio, and continued to do so for ten days, citing grievances related to prison conditions, as well as the forced vaccination of Nation of Islam prisoners (for tuberculosis) against their religious beliefs. It was Easter Sunday.

2001 - The detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, People’s Republic of China after a collision with an J-8 fighter is released.

2006 - Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.

2007 - 2007 Algiers bombings: Two bombings in the Algerian capital of Algiers, kills 33 people and wounds a further 222 others.

2011 - Minsk Metro bombing

2012 - 8.6 magnitude earth quack and 8.2 aftershock occurs off the coast of Indonesia

2012 - 2011 London riot looter is jailed for 11 years after starting a fire at a furniture retailer

 

 

 

Births

146 - Septimius Severus (d. 211)

1370 - Frederick I the Warlike, elector of Saxony

1374 - Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March (d. 1398)

1492 - Marguerite of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre (d. 1549)

1586 - Pietro Della Valle, composer

1661 - Antoine Coypel, French painter/poet

1755 - James Parkinson, English physician (d. 1824)

1770 - George Canning, (C) British PM (1827)

1798 - Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (d. 1854)

1810 - Henry Rawlinson, English scholar (d. 1895)

1837 - Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth, Col (Union Army), died in 1861

1852 - Cap Anson, American baseball player (d. 1922)

1854 - Hugh Massie, cricketer (Australian batsman of the 1880′s)

1862 - Charles Evans Hughs, 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41)

1862 - William W Campbell, US astronomer/director Lick Observatory

1869 - Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)

1873 - Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1955)

1893 - Dean G Acheson, statesman/US Secretary of State (1949-53)

1901 - Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer/manufacturer (typewriter)

1906 - Dale Messick, American cartoonist (d. 2005)

1908 - Leo Rosten, writer/humourist

1908 - Masura Ibuka, industrialist

1910 - Anna Magnani, Ital’s actress (Awakening, Roma)

1913 - Oleg Cassini, Paris France, fashion designer (Jackie Kennedy)

1916 - Howard Koch, producer/director (Frankenstein, Airplane II)

1917 - Danny Gallivan, Canadian radio and television sportscaster (d. 1993)

1919 - Hugh Carey, (Gov-D-NY)

1925 - Ethel Kennedy, wife of Bobby

1930 - Joseph Burnett-Stuart, CEO (Robert Fleming Holdings)

1930 - Nicholas F Brady, US Secretary of Treasury (1988-93)

1932 - F Gregory Neubeck, USAF pilot

1932 - Joel Grey, [Joe Katz], actor (Cabaret, Remo Williams, 7% Solution)

1935 - Richard Kuklinski, American mafia hitman (d. 2006)

1939 - Louise Lasser, NYC, actress (Mary Hartman! Mary Hartman!)

1941 - Frederick “Rick” Hauck, Long Beach Ca, astr (STS-7, STS 51-A, STS-26)

1941 - Ellen Goodman, American political columnist

 

 

 

1944 - John Miliuswriterdirector (Red Dawn1941Big Wednesday)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 - Peter Riegert, NYC, actor (Animal House, Crossing Delancey)

1947 - Meshach Taylor, American actor

1947 - Lev Bulat, Russian physicist

1951 - Robbie House, rocker (Snuff)

1951 - Doris McGowen Beck Angleton, American socialite (d. 1997)

1951 - Paul Fox, English guitarist (The Ruts) (d. 2007)

1952 - Peter Windsor, English motor racing journalist and reporter

1955 - Piers J Sellers, Sussex England, PhD/astronaut

1958 - Sally Clark, Feilding NZ, equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-silver-96)

1958 - William Stuart Adamson, Manchester, rock guitarist (Big Country)

1958 - Brynn Hartman, American murderer (d. 1998)

1961 - Lucky Vanous, Lincoln Nebraska, model (GQ, Diet Coke)

1962 - Vincent Gallo, American actor

1964 - Steve Azar, American singer-songwriter

1964 - Bret Saberhagen, American baseball player

1966 - Lisa Stansfield, English pop singer (Around the World)

1966 - Mason Reese, American actor

1967 - Wendel Suckow, Marquette Mich, luger (Olympics-1994)

1969 - J Nick Adamson, Freeport Bahamas, US laser yachter (Olymp-21st-1996)

1970 - Johnny Messner, American actor

1971 - Oliver Riedel, German musician (Rammstein)

1972 - Balls Mahoney, American professional wrestler

1973 - Jennifer Esposito, American television actor

1974 - Tricia Helfer, Canadian model and actor

1980 - Mark Teixeira, American baseball player

 

 

 

1981 - Alessandra AmbrosioBrazilian model

 

 

 

 

 

1983 - Nicky Pastorelli, Dutch racing driver

1987 - Joss Stone, English singer

1994 - Dakota Blue Richards, English actress

 

 

 

Deaths

678 - Donus, Italian Pope (676-78), dies

1034 - Romanus III Argyrus, Byzantine emperor (1028-34), assasinated by wife

1240 - Llywelyn ab Iorwerth the Great, monarch of Wales (1194-1240), dies

1500 - Michael T Marullus, Greeks poet, drowns

1512 - Gaston de Foix, French pretender to Navarra throne, dies in battle

 

 

 

1554 - Thomas Wyatt the youngerEnglish rebel (b. 1521)

 

 

 

 

 

1626 - Marin Getaldić, Croatian mathematician (b. 1568)

1712 - Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (b. 1638)

1723 - John Robinson, English diplomat (b. 1650)

1839 - John Galt, Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59

1842 - John England, bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies

1856 - Juan Santamaría, national hero of Costa Rica (b. 1831)

1873 - Edward Canby, U.S. general (b. 1817)

1906 - James A Bailey, circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58

1926 - Luther Burbank, American botanist (b. 1849)

1945 - Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish resistance fighter (in Dachau), dies at 29

1947 - Louise Peete, American murderess (b. 1880)

1983 - Dolores Del Rio, actress (Cheyenne Autumn), dies at 78

1985 - Enver Hoxha, party leader/premier of Albania, dies at 76

1985 - Bunny Ahearne, British ice hockey promoter (b. 1900)

1987 - Erskine Caldwell, novelist (Tobacco Road), dies at 83

1987 - Primo Levi, Italy, chemist/writer (Survival in Auschwitz), dies at 67

1994 - Johan Block, Dutch aviation pioneer (Martinair/Transavia), dies at 64

1996 - Jessica Dubroff, hoped to be youngest to fly across US, crashed at 7

2003 - Cecil Howard Green, British geophysicist and businessman (b. 1900)

 

 

 

2006 - June PointerAmerican singer (Pointer Sisters) (b. 1953)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2006 - Proof, American rapper (D12) (b. 1973)

2007 - Roscoe Lee Browne, American actor (b. 1925)

2007 - Kurt Vonnegut, American author (b. 1922)

2007 - Ronald Speirs, American Army officer(CO of Easy Company) (b. 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

837 - Comet 1P/837 F1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0334 AUs of Earth

847 - St Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope

879 - Louis III becomes King of West Francia.

1407 - the lama Deshin Shekpa visits the Ming Dynasty capital at Nanjing. He is awarded with the title Great Treasure Prince of Dharma.

1500 - France captures duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan

1516 - 1st ghetto, Jews are compelled to live in specific area of Venice

1589 - Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg

1694 - Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale

1710 - The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain.

1739 - Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing

 

 

 

1790 - Robert Gray is 1st American to circumnavigate the Earth

 

 

 

 

 

 

1790 - US Patent system forms

1816 - 2nd Bank of US chartered

1825 - 1st hotel in Hawaii opens

1841 - NY “Tribune” begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley

1845 - More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh Pa

1849 - Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400

1856 - The Theta Chi Fraternity is founded at Norwich University.

1858 - The original Big Ben, a 14.5 tonne bell for the Tower of London is cast in Stockton-on-Tees by Warner’s of Cripplegate. This however cracked during testing and was recasted into the 13.76 tonne bell by Whitechapel Bell Foundry and is still in use to date.

1863 - Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn

1864 - Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes emperor of Mexico

1865 - At Appomattox, Gen Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last

1866 - American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms

1868 - British defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala

1869 - Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9

1869 - José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.

1872 - 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans

1872 - 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22

1877 - 1st human cannonball act performed in London

1877 - Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia SC

1882 - Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)

1887 - President Abraham Lincoln’s re-buried with his wife in Springfield Il

1912 - RMS Titanic sets sail for its 1st & last voyage

1916 - 1st professional golf tournament held

1916 - The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.

1917 - Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers

1919 - Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.

1925 - Scribners publishes “The Great Gatsby” by F Scott Fitzgerald

1930 - Synthetic rubber 1st produced

1932 - Paul von Hindenburg elected 1st German president (Hitler is 2nd)

1936 - 200″ mirror blank arrives in Pasadena

1938 - NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license

1940 - Vidkun Quisling forms Norwegian “national government”

1942 - Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland

1944 - Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis

 

 

 

1945 - Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration campBuchenwald (Czech)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - Canadian troops conquer Deventer

1945 - US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa

1945 - US troops liberate Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald, Germany

1947 - Jackie Robinson becomes 1st black in major league baseball (Dodgers)

1948 - Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek

1953 - “House of Wax,” 1st 3-D movie, released (NYC)

1955 - Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine

1955 - Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely

1956 - Philips broadcasts 1st Dutch color TV programs

1957 - Suez canal reopens for all traffic

1958 - Northern strip of Spanish Sahara ceded to Morocco

1960 - Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill

1961 - Adolf Eichmann tried as a war criminal in Israel

1962 - NY Yankee Mickey Mantle hits his 375th HR

 

 

 

1963 - USS ThresherUS atomic-powered submarinesinks 220 miles east of Boston

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 - Demolition begins on Polo Grounds to clear way for housing project

1964 - Iranian motor launch catches fire & sinks killing 113 (Persian Gulf)

1968 - Ferry Wahine sinks in Wellington harbour, New Zealand on route from Lyttelton (51 killed)

1972 - 7.0 earthquake kills 1/5 of population of Iranian province of Fars

1972 - US, USSR & 70 other nations agree to ban biological weapons

1972 - 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas.

1974 - Magicians Penn & Teller 1st meet

1974 - Yitzhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli PM Golda Meir

1979 - J R Richard throws major league record 6 wild pitches in Astrodome

1979 - Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak: A tornado lands in Wichita Falls, Texas killing 42 people.

1981 - Imprisoned IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands elected to Brit Parliament

1983 - Baltimore’s Eddie Murray hits his 1,000 career hit

1983 - Jordan king Hussein ceases negotiations with PLO

1984 - Damaged Solar Max satellite snared by Challenger shuttle

1984 - US Senate condemns CIA mining of Nicaraguan harbors

1986 - Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan

1988 - Herschel Walker performs Fort Worth Ballet

1989 - Intel corp announces shipment of 80-486 chip

1989 - H J Heinz, Van Camp Seafood & Bumble Bee Seafood say they would not buy tuna caught in nets that also trap dolphins

1991 - Boat rams a tanker in Livorno Italy fog, killing about 138

1991 - LA King Wayne Gretzky scores NHL record 93rd playoff goal

1991 - Last automat (coin operated cafeteria) closes (3rd & 42nd St, NYC)

1991 - Martin Zubero swims world record 200m backstroke (1:52.51)

1991 - A rare tropical storm develops in the Southern Hemisphere near Angola; the first to be documented by satellites.

1992 - 25 die in a bus bombing in Sri Lanka

1992 - Floriade (Flower Show) opens at Hague Neth

1995 - NYC bans smoking in all restaurants that seat 35 or more

2012 - United Nations deadline for Syrian troop withdrawal passes as violence continues

2012 - Apple Inc claims a value of $600 billion making it the largest company by market capitalization in the world

2012 - Raymond Aubrac, French Resistance Leader, dies at 97

 

 

 

Births

401 - Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor

1512 - James V, King of Scots (1513-42)

1569 - Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon

1583 - Hugo Grotius, Holland, jurist, father of international law

1651 - Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (d. 1708)

1713 - John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (d. 1788)

1755 - Samuel Hahnemann, German physician/originator of homeopathy

1762 - Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)

1778 - William Hazlitt, Maidstone Kent England, essayist/critic

 

 

 

1794 - Matthew Calbraith PerryCommodoreopened Japan

 

 

 

 

 

 

1796 - James BowieAmerican pioneer and soldier (d. 1836)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1797 - Claude Ambroise Seurat, Troyes France, (World’s skinniest man)

1806 - Leonidas Polk, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1823 - Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1827 - Lewis Wallace, Major General (Union volunteers)/author (Ben Hur)

1829 - William Booth, founder (Salvation Army)

1833 - David McMurtrie Gregg, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1833 - James Edward Rains, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1857 - Henry Ernest Dudeney, mathematician/puzzle maker

1867 - George William Russell, Irish nationalist (d. 1935)

1880 - Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor), (d. 1965)

1880 - Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)

1887 - Bernardo A Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947)

1892 - Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (Rassenkunde)

1903 - Clare Boothe Luce, US ambassador (to Vatican)

1907 - Pete Desjardins, US, platform/springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1928)

1910 - Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (d. 2004)

1912 - Roy Hofheinz, engineer (Houston Astrodome)

1915 - Harry Morgan, Detroit Mich, actor (December Bride, M*A*S*H, Dragnet)

1917 - Robert Burns Woodward, organic chemist (Nobel 1965)

1918 - Lee Bergere, American actor (d. 2007)

1921 - Chuck Connors, Bkln NY, actor (Rifleman, Branded, Cowboy in Africa)

1921 - Sheb Wooley, Erick Oklahoma, vocalist (Purple People Eater, Hee Haw)

1923 - Floyd M Simmons, actor/decathlete (Olympic-bronze-1948, 52)

 

 

 

1926 - “Alvin” Junior SamplesCummings Gacountry singer (Hee Haw)

 

juniorsamples

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 - Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel laureate

1929 - Max Von Sydow, Lund Sweden, actor (Hawaii, Exorcist, Dune, Dreamscape)

1932 - Mae Heriwentha Faggs Starr, NJ, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1952)

1932 - Omar Sharif, [Michael Shalhoub], Egypt, actor (Dr Zhivago, Top Secret)

1933 - Robert Rhodes James, historian (Gallipoli)

1934 - David Halberstam, intl correspondent (NY Times/Pulitzer 1964)

1936 - John Madden, NFL coach (Oakland Raiders)/sports commentator (CBS, FOX)

1936 - Robert “Bobby” Smith, US singer (Spinners)

1937 - Stan Mellor, British racehorse trainer/jockey

1938 - Don Meredith, Mount Vernon Texas, NFL QB (Cowboys)/Mon Night Football

1939 - Daniel Oliver, NYC, CEO (Federal Trade Commission)

1941 - Paul Theroux, American travel book writer (Mosquito Coast)

1944 - Danny Woods, US musician (CEO of the Board)

1945 - Vera Misevich, USSR, equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1980)

1947 - Bunny Wailer, vocalist/percussionist (Bob Marley & Wailers)

 

 

 

1950 - “Lonesome” Dave Peverettrocker (Foghat)

 

peverett

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1950 - Eddie Hazel, US pop guitarist (Funkadelic-Uncle Jam Wants You)

1950 - Ken Griffey, Sr., American baseball player

1951 - Steven Seagal, Detroit MI, actor (Above the Law, Hard to Kill)

1953 - Terrie Roche, rocker (Roches)

1954 - Peter MacNicol, Dallas TX, actor (Chicago Hope, Sophie’s Choice)

1958 - Ken Griffy, baseball player (Cin Reds, NY Yanks)

1958 - Bob Bell, British engineer

 

 

 

1959 - Brian SetzerMassapequa Park NYrock guitarist/vocalist (Stray Cats)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1961 - Jeb Adams, Hollywood California, actor (Lt Jeb Pruitt-Baa Baa Black Sheep)

1962 - Cathy Turner, Rochester NY, short track skater (Olympics-gold-1994

1963 - Claire Smith, Ottawa Ontario, equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-96)

1963 - Warren DeMartini, heavy metal rocker (Dokken-Alone Again, Ratt)

1964 - Alan “Reni” Wren, English pop drummer (Stone Roses-Fools Gold)

1965 - Karen Booker, WNBA center (Utah Starzz)

1965 - Tim “Herb” Alexander, US funk metal drummer (Primus-Prok soda)

1970 - Wesley Barnett, St Joseph Mo, Oly weightlifter (Pan Am-silver-1987)

1970 - Q-Tip, American musician

1974 - Eric Greitens, American former military officer

1976 - Sara Renner, Canadian cross country skier

1978 - Jessica Davis, Greenbrae California, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-27th-96)

 

 

 

1979 - Shemekia CopelandAmerican blues singer

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1980 - Kasey Kahne, American race-car driver

1981 - Laura Bell Bundy, American actor

1984 - Zoe, Melbourne Australia, 1st frozen-embryo child

1984 - Mandy Moore, American singer/actor

1989 - Haley Joel Osment, LA California, actor (Matt-Jeff Foxworthy Show)

 

 

 

Deaths 

879 - Louis II the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (877-79)

947 - Hugo van Arles, count of Arles/king of Italy, dies

1008 - Notger, bishop of Luik (972-1008), dies

1362 - Machteld, countess of Holland, dies

1533 - Frederik I, King of Denmark/Norway (1523-33), dies at 61

1601 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)

1646 - Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)

1706 - Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)

1712 - Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77

1760 - Gerard George Clifford, head of East-Indian Company, dies at 75

1784 - Simon Fokke, book illustrator, dies at 71

1786 - John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)

1813 - Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician and astronomer (b. 1736)

1823 - Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)

1862 - William Harvey Lamb Wallace, US lawyer/brig-general, dies at 40

1863 - Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77

 

 

 

1919 - Emiliano ZapataMexican leadermurdered at 39

 

emilianoZapata

 

 

 

 

 

 

1920 - Moritz B Cantor, German mathematician, dies at 90

1929 - Edmond Thieffry, Belgium, WW I pilot, dies at 36

1938 - Joe “King” Oliver, American musician (b. 1885)

1945 - Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63

1954 - Auguste Lumière, French photograph/movie pioneer, dies at 81

1954 - Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79

1958 - Chuck Willis, rocker, dies at 30

1962 - Stuart Sutcliffe, bassist (Beatles), dies of brain hemorrhage at 21

 

 

 

1962 - Michael CurtizHungarian-born director (b. 1886)

 

 

 

 

 

1965 - Linda Darnell, dies from burns received in a fire at 41

1965 - Lloyd Casner, American race car driver and owner (b. 1928)

1966 - Evelyn Waugh, British writer (Black Mischief), dies at 62

1969 - Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (b. 1893)

1975 - Marjorie Main, actress (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies at 85

1975 - Walker Evans, US photographer (Fortune Magazine), dies at 71

1983 - Ulf S von Euler-Chelpin, Swedish physiologist, dies at 78

1991 - Natalie Schafer, actress (Gilligan’s Island), dies at 90 from cancer

1992 - Sam Kinison, loud mouth comedian, dies in a car crash at 38

1996 - Jessica Dubroff, attempting to be youngest pilot, dies in crash at 7

2000 - Larry Linville, American actor (b. 1939)

2003 - Little Eva, American singer (b. 1943)

2007 - Dakota Staton, American singer (b. 1930)

2010 - Dixie Carter, an American actress (b.1939)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).

475 - Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.

715 - Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1241 - Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans

1388 - Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army

1413 - Henry V is crowned King of England.

1440 - Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.

1483 - Edward V (12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England (never crowned). Disappears, presumed murdered same year.

1682 - Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France

1783 - Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India

1816 - African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Phila)

1829 - Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200

1831 - Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain & Spain

1833 - 1st tax-supported public library (Peterborough, NH)

1864 - Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities

1865 - General Robert E Lee and 26,765 troopssurrender at Appomattox Court House in Virginia to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant

1866 - Civil Rights Bill passes over Pres Andrew Johnson’s veto

1869 - Hudson Bay Company cedes it’s territory to Canada

1870 - American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves

1909 - The U.S. Congress passes the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act.

1912 - 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)

1912 - Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for NY

1913 - Brooklyn Dodger’s Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0

1914 - “World, the Flesh & the Devil,” 1st color film, shown in London

1914 - Tampico incident – US ship crew arrested in Mexico

1917 - Battle of Arras begins

1917 - Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops

1925 - Babe Ruth rushed to hospital

1927 - Italy & US anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti given death sentences

1928 - Turkey passes separation of church & state

1939 - Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at Lincoln Memorial

1940 - German cruiser Blucher torpedoed/capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die

1940 - Germany invades Norway & Denmark during WW II (Denmark surrenders)

1941 - PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame

1942 - Battle of Bataan-US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japs at Bataan

1945 - Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel

1945 - Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360

1945 - World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends.

1947 - Atomic Energy Commission confirmed

1947 - Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300

1950 - Bob Hope’s 1st TV appearance

1953 - “TV Guide” publishes 1st issue

1953 - Jomo Kenyatta sentenced to 7 years in Kenya

1953 - Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax.

1957 - Suez Canal cleared for all shipping

1959 - NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury

1960 - South African premier Verwoerd wounded in battle

1962 - JFK throws out 1st ball at Washington’s new DC Stadium

1963 - Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen

1967 - 1st Boeing 737 rolls out

1967 - The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.

1968 - Martin Luther King Jr, buried in Atlanta

1969 - 1st flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol)

1974 - Padres owner Ray Kroc, addresses fans “Ladies & gentlemen, I suffer with you I’ve never seen such stupid baseball playing in my life”

1976 - US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use

1978 - David Thompson scores ties 3rd highest total in the NBA – 73

1979 - Longest doubles ping-pong match of 101 hrs, begins

1981 - US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru

1986 - “Dallas” announces it will revive killed Bobby Ewing character

1987 - For 3rd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 goals in a Stanley Cup game Wayne Gretzky passes Jean Beliveau as all time playoff scoring champ

1988 - US imposes economic sanctions on Panama

1989 - Mike Tyson strikes a parking attendant when asked to move his car

1989 - Rickey Henderson steals his 800th career base in NY’s 4-3 loss to Clev

1989 - Scott Hoch chokes on 18 inch putt & loses Masters golf tournament

1992 - John Majors, (C) elected PM of England

1992 - Noriega convicted on 8 of 10 drug & racketeering charges

1992 - Record 18 golfers shoot in 60s in Masters round 1 (old record 12)

1992 - US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of drugs

1993 - Colorado Rockies 1st home game & 1st victory, 11-4 over Mont Expos

2003 - Baghdad falls to U.S. forces resulting in widespread looting

2011 - A gunman murdered five people, injured eleven, and committed suicide in a mall in the Netherlands.

2012 - The Lion King becomes highest grossing Broadway show after overtaking The Phantom of the Opera

Births

1336 - Tamerlane (Timur), Central AsianTurkic conqueror (d. 1405)

Tamerlane

1498 - John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman (d. 1550)

1597 - John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (d. 1670)

1648 - Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat (d. 1720)

1770 - Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (d. 1831)

1794 - Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (d. 1881)

1806 - Isambard Kingdom Brunel, designer of 1st transatlantic steamer

1812 - Randolph Barnes Marcy, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1887

1865 - Erich Ludendorff, general (Germany)

1888 - Sol Hurok, theatrical impresario

1889 - Efrem Zimbalist, Rostov on Don Russia, composer/violinist

1895 - Mance LipscombTexasblues musician (Texas Sharecropper)

VIDEOS

1898 - Earl “Curly” Lambeau, NFL coach (GB Packers)

1898 - Paul Robeson, Philadelphia, singer (Old Man River)/actor/footballer

1903 - Gregory Pincus, inventor (birth control pill) [or Nov 9]

1903 - Ward BondDenver Coloactor (Seth-Wagon Trains)

VIDEOS

1905 - J William Fulbright, (Sen-D-Ark)

1911 - Lord Deramore, architect

1918 - Jorn Utzon, Danish architect (Sydney Opera House)

1919 - John Presper Eckert, co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC)

1920 - Art Van Damme, Norway Mich, jazz accordionist (Chicago Jazz)

1921 - Jean-Marie Balestre, French motorsports official (FIA) (d. 2008)

1922 - Michael Palliser, head of British diplomatic service

1925 - Michael Richardson, vice CEO (N M Rotschild)

1926 - Hugh Hefner, [Marston], Chicagp, magazine publisher (Playboy)

1930 - F. Albert Cotton, American chemist (d. 2007)

1930 - Nathaniel Branden, Canadian psychotherapist

1932 - Carl Perkins, Jackson Tn, singer/songwriter (Blue Suede Shoes)

1932 - Jim Fowler, Albany Ga, naturalist (Wild Kingdom)

1932 - Paul Krassner, comic strip cartoonist (MAD Magazine)/founder (Yippies)

1932 - Cheeta, chimpanzee actor

1933 - Jean-Paul Belmondo, Paris France, actor (Casino Royale, Magnifique)

1935 - Avery Schreiber, Chicago Ill, comedian (My Mother the Car)

1937 - Barrington J[ohn] Bayley, UK, sci-fi author (Collision Course)

1939 - Michael Learned, Wash DC, actress (Olivia-Waltons, Nurse)

1942 - Galina A Kulakova, USSR, nordic skier (Olympic-3 golds-1972)

1949 - Chico Ryan, rock vocalist (Sha Na Na)

1949 - Steve Gaddjazz drummer (Triplet HopComplex Jazz)

VIDEOS

1953 - Hal Ketchum, Greenwich NY, country singer (Small Town Saturday Night)

1954 - Dennis Quaid, Houston TX, actor (Big Easy, Dreamscape, Right Stuff)

1954 - Iain Duncan Smith, British politician

1957 - Severiano Ballesteros, Spain, golfer (British Open 1979, 84, 88)

1963 - Joe Scarborough, American television personality

1965 - Paolo Cane, Itaty, tennis star

1965 - Paulina PorizkovaProstejov Czechmodel , actress

1965 - Jeff Zucker, American television executive

1965 - Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted murderer (d. 2002)

1966 - Cynthia Nixon, NYC, actress (Addams Family Values, Pelican Brief)

1969 - Amy Feng, Tianjin China, US table tennis player (Olympics-96)

1971 - Wang Yang, youngest Olympic record breaker at age 17 (Oly-1988)

1972 - Karen Clark, Calgary Alberta, synchro swimmer (Olympics-silver-96)

1974 - Sharon Pelletier, Madawaska Maine, Miss America-Maine (1996)

1974 - Alexander Pichushkin, Russian serial killer

1977 - Gerard Way, American musician (My Chemical Romance)

1979 - Keshia Knight Pulliam, Newark NJ, actress (Rudy-Crosby)

1979 - Albert Hammond, Jr., American guitarist (The Strokes)

1980 - Kristin Lee, Bethesda Md, rhythmic gymnast (US team-96)

1981 - Eric Harris, Columbine High School shooter (d. 1999)

1986 - Leighton Meester, American actress

1990 - Kristen Stewart, Los Angeles, California, American actress (Bella Swan-The Twilight Saga)

1998 - Elle Fanning, American Actress

Deaths

93 - Yuan An, Minister over the Masses of the Han dynasty

491 - Zeno, Byzantine Emperor

715 - Constantine I, Greek/Syrian Pope (708-15), dies

1024 - Benedict VIII, [Theophylactus van Tusculum], Pope (1012-24), dies

1137 - William X, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1099)

1484 - Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales (b. 1473), son of Richard III King of England

1553 - Francois Rabelais, French author (Gargantua/Pantagruel), dies at 49

1626 - Francis BaconEnglish statesman and philosopherdies from pneumonia at 65

1747 - Simon Fraser, 12th baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England

1754 - Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75

1806 - William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic dies at 58

1807 - John Opie, Engl painter/illustrator: Shakespeare gallery, dies at 45

1850 - William Prout, physician/chemist, dies

1852 - John Howard Payneactor/playwright (Fair Warning), dies

1862 - George W Johnson, US planter/Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50

1865 - Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32

1872 - Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (b. 1794)

1882 - Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53

1889 - Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)

1917 - Edward Thomas, poet, killed in WW I

1944 - Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)

1945 - Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged

1945 - Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, “July 20th plot”, hanged

1945 - Hans von Dohnanyi, “July 20th plotter”, hanged

1945 - Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged

1945 - Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)

1951 - Vilhelm F K Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology, dies at 89

1959 - Frank Lloyd Wright, US architect (Guggenheim Museum NY), dies at 89

1962 - Juan Belmonte, famed bullfighter, dies at 70

1970 - Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (b. 1896)

1982 - Robert H G Havemann, German chemist/dissident, dies

1988 - Brook Bentonsinger (Just a Matter of Time), dies at 56 of meningitis

brook%20benton-5

VIDEOS

1988 - Dave Prater, rocker (Sam & Dave), dies in a car crash at 50

1991 - Maurice Binder, title designer (James Bond Movies), dies at 73

1994 - Keith Watson, British comic strip artist (Dan Dare), dies at 59

1996 - James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls), dies at 81

1996 - Richard Thomas Condon, author, dies at 81

2002 - Leopold Vietoris, Austrian mathematician (b. 1891)

2010 - Aladár Kovácsi, Hungarian modern pentathlon olimpic champion (1952, Helsinki) (b. 1932)

2011 - Sidney Lumet, American film director (b. 1924)

2012 - Mark Lenzi, American Olympic Diver, dies from hypertension at 43

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

30 - Scholars’ estimate Jesus crucified by Roman troops in Jerusalem

 

 

 

451 - Attila’s Hun’s plunder Metz

 

 

 

 

 

529 - First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.

1118 - Pope Gelasius II excommunicated Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor

1348 - Prague U, 1st university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV

1456 - Louis van Burbon becomes prince-bishop of Luik

1498 - Crowd storms Savonarola’s convent San Marco Florence, Italy

1509 - France declares war on Venice

1521 - Inquisitor-general Adrian Boeyens bans Lutheran books

1521 - Magelhaes’ fleet reaches Cebu

1541 - Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies.

1584 - Ieper surrenders to duke Van Parma

1625 - Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German supreme commander

1712 - Slave revolt (NYC)

 

 

 

1776 - Captain John Barry and the USS Lexington captures the HMS Edward.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1788 - 1st settlement in Ohio, at Marietta

1795 - France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length.

1798 - Mississippi Territory organized

1818 - Gen Andrew Jackson conquers St Marks Fla from Seminole indians

1827 - English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches

1862 - Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls

 

 

 

1863 - Battle of Charleston SCfailed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter

 

Battle_Of_Charleston

 

 

 

 

1865 - Battle of Farmville VA

1868 - Thomas D’Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, and only federal politician.

1891 - Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day

1902 - Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms

1906 - Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business

1906 - Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.

1922 - Naval Reserve #3, “Teapot Dome,” leased to Harry F Sinclair

1927 - Using phone lines TV is sent from Wash DC to NYC

1933 - Prohibition ends, Utah becomes 38th state to ratify 21st Amendment

1940 - 1st black to appear on US stamp (Booker T Washington)

1941 - British generals O’Connor & Neame captured in North Africa

1943 - Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid

1944 - General Montgomery speaks to generals about invasion plan

1945 - 1st & last assault of German Rammkommando on US bombers

1945 - US B-17′s bombs range at Luneburg

 

 

 

1945 - US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide mission battleship Yamato & four destroyers were sunk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1948 - World Health Organization forms by UN

1953 - 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight

1954 - Pres Eisenhower fears “domino-effect” in Indo-China

1959 - Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years

1959 - Radar 1st bounced off Sun, Stanford Calif

1964 - IBM announces the System/360.

1965 - Bevan Congdon makes a stumping as 12th man NZ v Pakistan

 

 

 

1966 - US recovers lost H-bomb from Mediterranean floor 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1967 - Israeli/Syrian border fights

 

 

 

1968 - Jim Clarktwo-time F1 World Champion and winner of the Indianapolis 500dies in a racing accident during a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim, Germany.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1969 - Supreme Court strikes down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material

1969 - The Internet’s symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1.

1971 - Pres Nixon orders lt Calley (Mi Lai) free

1977 - Consumer Product Safety Comn bans “TRIS” flame-retardant

1977 - German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light.

1978 - Guttenberg bible sold for $2,000,000 in NYC

1978 - Pres Carter defers production of neutron bomb

1979 - Henri La Mothe dives 28′ into 12 3/8″ of water

1981 - Willem Klein mentally extracts 13th root of a 100-digit # in 29 sec

1982 - Iran minister of Foreign affairs Ghotbzadeh arrested

1983 - Oldest human skeleton, aged 80,000 years, discovered in Egypt

1985 - NJ General Hershel Walker runs for USFL record 233 yards

1987 - National Museum of Female Physician opens in Wash DC

1987 - Al Campanis, Dodger executive for more than 40 years, resigns, after making racial remarks on “Nightline”

1988 - Russia announced it would withdraw its troops from Afghanistan

1989 - Soviet sub sinks in Norwegian Sea, with about a dozen deaths

1989 - NY Supreme Court takes America’s Cup away from SD Yacht Club for using a catamaran against NZ. Appeals court eventually overrules

1990 - Farm Aid IV concert

1990 - John Poindexter (Natl Sec Advisor) found guilty on Iran-Contra scandal

1990 - Michael Milken pleads innocent to security law violations

1990 - Fire kills 110 on a ferry in Norway, in an unrelated event, 30 die in a ferry flip over in Burma

1991 - Compton Gamma Ray Observatory orbits Earth

1991 - George Washington Bridge raises toll from $3.00 to $4.00

1993 - Dante Bichette hits the 1st Colo Rockie HR (Shea Stadium NY)

1994 - Vatican acknowledges Holocaust (Nazis killing Jews) for 1st time

 

 

 

2003 - U.S. troops capture BaghdadSaddam Hussein’s regime falls two days later.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012 - Joyce Banda becomes President of Malawi

2012 - 130 Pakistani Army soldiers are buried in an avalanche near the Siachen Glacier

 

 

 

Births

1506 - Francis Xavier, saint/Jesuit missionary to India, Malaya, & Japan

1534 - Jose de Anchieta, Spanish jesuit/missionary (Brazilian Tupi-Indians)

1644 - François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (d. 1730)

1652 - Pope Clement XII (d. 1740)

1718 - Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)

1770 - William Wordsworth, England, poet laureate (Prelude)

1775 - Francis C Lowell, founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill

1786 - William Rufus DeVane King, (D) 13th VP (1853)

1801 - Henry Eagle, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1882

1805 - Francis Wilkinson Pickens, (Gov-SC, Confederacy), died in 1869

1822 - Gershom Mott, Major General (Union volunteers)

1859 - Walter Camp, Ct, father of American football (Yale)

1860 - Will Keith Kellogg, American cereal manufacturer (d. 1951)

1869 - David Grandison Fairchild, US, botanist/explorer, brought plants to US

1884 - Charles Dodd, English new testament authority

1884 - Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch politician/resistance fighter

1890 - Marjory Stoneman Douglas, environmentalist (1st Lady of Everglades)

1893 - Allen Dulles, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1969)

1897 - Walter Winchell, Harlem NYC, newscaster/columnist (Untouchables)

1897 - Erich Loewenhardt, German flying ace of World War I (d. 1918)

1908 - Percy Faith, conductor (Summer Place)

 

 

 

1915 - Billie Holiday, [Eleanora Fagan], Baltsinger (Aint Nobodys Business)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1915 - Henry Kuttner, US, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were)

1917 - R G Armstrong, Birmingham Ala, actor (T.H.E. Cat), (d. 2012)

1918 - Peanuts Hucko, Syracuse NY, dixieland clarinetist (Lawrence Welk Show)

1919 - Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer (6x Olympic gold, 1936-1960), (d. 2012)

1920 - Ravi Shankar, Varanasi, British India, musician (the Pandit), (d. 2012)

1920 - Terence Edward Armstrong, polar geographer

1924 - Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian writer

1926 - Johannes Rood, Dutch immunologist (Eurotransplant)

1928 - Alan J Pakula, director (All the President’s Men, Klute)

1928 - James Garner, Norman Oklahoma, actor (Rockford Files, Bret Maverick)

1928 - James White, UK, sci-fi author (Star Surgeon, Star Healer)

 

 

 

1929 - Bob DenardFrench mercenary (d. 2007)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 - Andrew Sachs, actor (Manuel-Fawlty Towers)

1931 - Daniel Ellsberg, whistleblower (Pentagon Papers)/patriot

1932 - Louis “Mr Bo” Collins, blues Singer

1933 - Wayne Rogers, Birmingham Ala, actor (M*A*S*H, House Calls, Chiefs)

1935 - Bobby Bare, Irontown Oh, country singer (Detroit City)

1935 - Hodding Carter III, press secretary (Jimmy Carter)

1936 - Jean-Pierre Changeux, French neuroscientist

1937 - Charley Thomas, rocker (Drifters)

 

 

 

1938 - Freddie HubbardIndianapolisjazz trumpeter (Art Blakey)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1939 - David Frost, Tenterdon England, TV host (That Was the Week That Was)

1939 - Donald L Holmquest, Dallas Texas, astronaut

1939 - Francis Ford Coppola, Detroit, director (Godfather, Apocalypse Now)

1943 - Mick Abrahams, Luton, rock guitarist (Jethro Tull, Blodwyn Pig)

1943 - Spencer Dryden, NYC, rock drummer (Jefferson Airplane-Go Ask Alice)

1945 - Megas, Icelandic singer, songwriter and writer

1945 - Joël Robuchon, French chef

1947 - Florian Schneider, German musician (Kraftwerk)

1947 - Charles ‘skip’ Pitts, Washington D.C., soul and blues guitarist (Shaft), (d. 2012)

1949 - John Oates, NYC, rock guitarist/vocalist (Hall & Oates-Rich Girl)

1951 - Janis Ian, NYC, [Janis Eddy Fink], lesbian/folk rocker (At 17)

1952 - Bruce Gary, Burbank Ca, rock drummer (Knack-My Sharona)

1952 - Jane Frederick, US pentathlete (Olympics-7th-1976)

1953 - Everard Endt, US, yachting (Olympic-gold-1952)

1954 - Jackie Chan, martial art actor (Rumble in the Bronx)

1954 - Tony Dorsett, NFL running back (Dallas Cowboys, Heisman Trophy)

1956 - Christopher Darden, American O.J. Simpson prosecutor

1964 - Russell Crowe, Wellington, New Zealand, Australian/New Zealand actor (A Beautiful Mind, Gladiator)

1968 - Duncan Armstrong, Australian swimmer

1969 - Peggy Clasen, St Paul Minn, speed skater (Olympics-1994)

1972 - Shana Williams, Bridgeton NJ, long jumper/heptathlete

1973 - Carole Montillet, French skier

 

 

 

1975 - Beverly Peelesuper model (Elle)

BEVERLY 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1975 - Tiki Barber, running back (NY Giants)

1986 - Brooke Brodack, American internet celebrity

 

 

 

Deaths

30 - Jesus Christ, crucified, according to astronomer Schaefer, dies

924 - Berengarius I, Emperor of Italy, murdered

1307 - Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I of England (b. 1271)

1444 - John Capreolus, French theologist (Libri IV), dies at about 50

1498 - Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98), dies at 27

1524 - Philip of Burgundy, bishop of Utrecht, dies

 

 

 

1614 - El GrecoGreek-born artist working in Spain (b. 1541)

 

 

 

 

 

1638 - Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma (b. 1576)

1651 - Lennart Torstenson, Swedish soldier and engineer (b. 1603)

1658 - Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Spanish mystic (b. 1595)

1661 - Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English soldier and politician (b. 1604)

1663 - Francis Cooke, Mayflower pilgrim (b. c. 1583)

1719 - Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest/theory/saint, dies at 67

 

 

 

1739 - Dick TurpinEnglish highwayman (hanged) (b. 1706)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1747 - Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1676)

1782 - Taksin, King of Thailand (b. 1734)

1789 - Peter Camper, anatomist/animal scholar, dies at 66

1803 - [Francois D] Toussaint L’Ouverture/Haitian revolutionary, dies

1836 - William Godwin, English political writer (b. 1756)

1885 - Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (b. 1804)

1891 - Phineas T Barnum, US circus promoter (B & Bailey), dies at 88

1928 - Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (b. 1873)

1950 - Walter Huston, dies at 66

1955 - Theda Bara, actress (Camille, Cleopatra, 2 Orphans), dies at 62

1968 - Jim Clark, of Scotland, world driving champ, dies at 32 in race car

1972 - “Crazy” Joe Gallo, mobster, killed at his 43rd birthday party

1982 - Harald Ertl, Austrian racing driver (b. 1948)

1984 - Frank Church, (Sen-D-Ohio, 1957-81), dies at 59

1994 - Lee Brilleaux, British R&B-singer/guitarist (Stupidity), dies at 41

1996 - Ian Spurling, ballet designer, dies at 59

2001 - Beatrice Straight, American actress (b. 1914)

2005 - Cliff Allison, British racing driver (b. 1932)

2007 - Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (b. 1931)

2007 - Barry Nelson, American actor (b. 1917)

2009 - Dave Arneson, Co-creator of Dungeons & Dragons (b. 1947)

2012 - Mike Wallace [Myron], American media personality, dies at 93

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) in the battle of Thapsus.

402 - Battle at Pollentia: Roman army under Stilicho beats Visigoten

610 - Lailat-ul Qadar, night koran descended to Earth

774 - Charles the Great affirms Pippins promise of Quiercy

1106 - Fire in Venice

1320 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.

1362 - Robber bastion Tard-Venus strikes at Brignais France

1385 - John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made king John I of Portugal.

1516 - A Willaert installed as singer of cardinal Ippolito I d’Este

1652 - Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under John of Riebeeck

1672 - France declares war on Netherlands

1712 - Slave revolt in NY

1722 - Peter the Great ends tax on men with beards

1757 - English king George II fires minister William Pitt Sr

1789 - 1st US Congress begins regular sessions, Federal Hall, NYC

1808 - John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company.

1815 - English militia shoots prisoners, 100′s killed

1830 - Joseph Smith & 5 others organizes Mormon church in Seneca Co, NY

1859 - US recognizes Liberal government in Mexico’s War of Reform

 

 

 

1862 - Battle of ShilohUnion defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 - Battle of Sayler’s Creek during US Civil War1/4 of Lee’s army cut off

 

 

 

 

 

1865 - Skirmish at High Bridge VA (Appomattox) during US Civil war;

1869 - 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented

1889 - George Eastman places Kodak Camera on sale for 1st time

1896 - 1st modern Olympic games open in Athens Greece [3/25 OS] American, James Connolly, wins 1st Olympic gold medal in mod history

1900 - James J Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1903 - The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.

1906 - 1st animated cartoon copyrighted

1909 - 1st credit union forms in US

1909 - North Pole reached by Americans Robert Peary & Matthew Henson

1912 - Electric starter 1st appeared in cars

1916 - German parliament OKs unrestricted submarine warfare

1917 - US declares war on Germany, enters World War I

1919 - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike.

1924 - 4 planes leave Seattle on 1st successful around-the-world flight

1925 - 1st film shown on an airplane (British Air)

1930 - 1st transcontinental glider tow completed

1930 - Hostess Twinkies invented by bakery executive James Dewar

1931 - 1st Scottsboro (Ala) trial begins – 9 blacks accused of rape

1934 - 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany

1936 - Tornado, kills 203 & injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia

1938 - Teflon invented by Roy J Plunkett

1939 - Great Britain & Poland sign military pact

1941 - British general Gambier-Parry caught in North Africa

1941 - German bombardment on Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)

1941 - Italian held Addis Ababa surrenders to British & Ethiopian forces

1943 - British & US army link up in Africa during WW II

1943 - British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia

1943 - Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested

1945 - Japanese giant battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa

1945 - Massive kamikaze-attack on US battle fleet near Okinawa

1945 - US marines explore Tsugen Shima near Okinawa

1954 - TV Dinner was 1st put on sale by Swanson & Sons

1957 - NYC ends trolley car service

1965 - Intelsat 1 (“Early Bird”) 1st coml geosynchronous comm satellite

1968 - Gunpowder stocks at a sporting-goods store explode, killing 43 (Va)

1968 - In Richmond, Indiana’s downtown district, a double explosion kills 41 and injures 150.

1973 - Pioneer 11 launched toward Jupiter & Saturn

1973 - Roberto Clemente Day, Pirates retire his #

1973 - Launch of Pioneer 11 spacecraft.

1974 - 200,000 attend rock concert “California Jam” in Ontario

1975 - Bundy victim Denise Oliverson disappears from Grand Junction, Colo

1975 - Fastest hat trick by a Wash Cap 3 mins 26 secs (Stan Gilbertson)

1976 - 1st quadrophonic movie track: “Ladies & Gentlemen the Rolling Stones”

1980 - Gordie Howe completes a record 26th season

1980 - Post It Notes, introduced

1984 - 1st time 11 people in space

1987 - Sugar Ray Leonard upsets Marvelous Marvin Hagler

1988 - Black pole explorer M Henson buried next to R Peary in Arlington

1989 - Orel Hershiser ends his record 59 consecutive scoreless streak

1991 - Former child actor Adam Rich arrested for breaking into a pharmacy

1992 - Microsoft announced Windows 3.1, upgrading Windows 3.0

1992 - Serbian troops begin siege of Sarajevo

1992 - US Supreme Court rules a Nebraska farmer was entrapped by postal agents into buying mail-order child pornography

1993 - 1st test flight of Ilyushin IL-96M (Moscow)

1994 - Chuck Jones found guilty of breaking into Marla Maples home

1994 - Liberal Supreme Court Justice Blackmun (Roe v Wade) resigns

1994 - Palestinian suicide bomber kills 7 Israelis & himself

1994 - Rockwell B-1B Lancers break 11 world speed records

1996 - Albert Belle shows off his arm by hitting Sports Illustrated photographer Tony Tomsic in the hand prior to a game

1998 - Pakistan tests medium-range missiles capable of hitting India.

2004 - Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from the post by impeachment.

2009 - A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L’Aquila, Italy, killing at least 253.

2012 - US F-18 Hornet crashes into side of apartment building in Virginia with no fatalities

 

 

 

Births

1483 - Raphael Sanzio, Italian painter/master builder (Madonna Sistina)

1613 - Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)

1671 - Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French playwright/poet (Sacred Odes & Songs)

 

 

 

1773 - James MillScotlandphilosopher/historian (Hist of British India)

 

220px-James_Mill

 

 

 

 

 

 

1828 - Charles William Field, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1892

1851 - Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)

1884 - Walter Huston, Tor, actor (Maltese Falcon, Treasure of Sierra Madre)

1886 - Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, The Last Nizam of Hyderabad state (d. 1967)

1890 - Anton Hermann Fokker, avation pioneer born

1890 - Andre L Danjon, French astronomer

1892 - Donald Wills Douglas, US, aircraft pioneer (McConnell Douglas)

1894 - Gertrude Baines, American Supercentarian

 

 

 

1903 - Harold Edgertonforemost high-speed photographer

 

 

 

haroldedgerton19

 

 

 

 

 

 

1903 - Mickey Cochrane, baseball hall of fame catcher (.320 avg)

1909 - Hermann Lang, German race car driver (d. 1987)

1910 - Desmond Dreyer, British admiral

1917 - Julian Faber, CEO (Willis Faber)

 

 

 

1917 - Big Walter “Shakey” Horton , Missharmonica player (Everybody’s Fishin’)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1922 - Barry Levinson, director (Rain Man)

1925 - John Knox, British supreme court justice

 

 

 

1927 - Gerry MulliganBritish saxophonist/orchestra leader (Jazz on a Summer Day)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1928 - James Dewey Watson, chemist (co-discovered structure of DNA)

1929 - “Crazy” Joe Gallo, mobster

1929 - Andre Previn, Berlin Germany, conductor (London Symphony)/pianist

1931 - Ivan Dixon, NYC, actor (Car Wash, Hogan’s Heroes)

1933 - Dudley Sutton, British actor (Leather Boys, Brimstone & Treacle)

1934 - Antonius Geesink, Holland, judo (Olympic-gold-1964)

1937 - Billy Dee Williams, Harlem NYC, actor (Chiefs, Empire Strikes Back)

1937 - Merle Haggard, Bakersfield California, country singer (Death Valley Days)

1942 - Phil Austin, comedian (Firesign Theater)

1943 - Roger Cook, investigative journalist/broadcaster

1944 - John Stax, rocker (Pretty Things-Don’t Bring Me Down)

1945 - Neal Boortz, American talk radio personality

1947 - John Ratzenberger, Bridgeport Ct, actor (Cliff Clavin-Cheers)

1949 - Mary Maples Dunn, college president (Smith College)

1951 - Ralph Cooper, Australia, drummer (Air Supply-All Out of Love)

1951 - Bert Blyleven, Dutch-born baseball player

1952 - Marilu Henner, Chicago, actress (Taxi, Man Who Loved Women, Eve Shade)

1952 - Udo Dirkshneider, heavy metal rocker (Accept-Balls to the Wall, Udo)

1953 - Janet Lynn, ice skater (Olympics-bronze-1972)

1955 - Keith Hunter Jesperson, Canadian-born serial killer

1957 - Paolo Nespoli, Italian astronaut

1959 - Dianne Brill, Tampa, fashion designer/party girl (Queen of the Night)

1961 - Rory Bremner, impressionist

1964 - Johnny Dee, heavy metal drummer (Britny Fox-Boys in Heat, King Kobra)

1966 - Kymberly Paige, Newport Beach Ca, playmate (May, 1987)

1969 - Ari Meyers, San Juan PR, actress (Emma McArdle-Kate & Allie)

1969 - Paul Rudd, Passaic, New Jersey, American actor (Clueless, The 40-Year-Old Virgin)

1972 - Jason Hervey, actor (Wayne Arnold-Wonder Years)

1975 - Zach Braff, South Orange, New Jersey, American actor (Dr. John Dorian-Scrubs)

1982 - Ilan Hall, Israeli-American chef

1983 - Jade Seah, Singaporean model, host and actress

1983 - James Wade, English Darts Player

1984 - Max Bemis, American musician/songwriter

 

 

 

Deaths

885 - Methodius, Greek apostle of the slaves/archbishop of Sirmium, dies

912 - Nottker “the Stamelaar”, benedictine monk/poet, dies at about 71

1147 - Frederick II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1090)

 

 

 

1199 - Richard Ithe Lion-heartedKing of England (1189-99), dies at 41

 

 

 

 

 

 

1199 - Pierre Basile, French soldier

1252 - Peter of Verona, [Peter Martyr], Italian inquisitor/st, dies at 45

1348 - Petrarch’s Laura, dies of plague

1362 - Jacques de Bourbon, count of Marche, killed in battle

1472 - Pieter Bladelin, Belgium, land owner (Middelburg castle), dies

1489 - Hans Waldmann, Swiss military/mayor (Zurich), beheaded

1520 - Raphael [Sanzio], artist (Sistine Madonna), dies on his 37th birthday

1593 - Henry Barrow, English puritian/Congressionalist, hanged

1593 - John Greenwood, English Congressionalist, hanged

1605 - John Stow, British historian, dies

1755 - Richard Rawlinson, English minister and antiquarian (b. 1690)

1829 - Niels H Able, Norwegian mathematician (infinite series), dies at 26

1854 - William Strickland, US architect, dies

1862 - Adley Hogan Gladden, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 51

 

 

 

1862 - Albert Sidney JohnstonUS Confederate generaldies in battle at 59

 

johnston-albert-sidney2

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 - John Austin Wharton, US Confederate general-major, dies at 36

1865 - Reuben B Boston, US Confederate cavalery colonel, dies in battle

1933 - Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (b. 1842)

1935 - Edward Arlington Robinson, US poet, dies

1945 - Benjamin M Telders, president (Dutch Liberal States Party), dies at 42

1963 - Otto Struve, Russian-born astronomer (b. 1897)

1968 - Bobby Hutton, US Black Panther leader, shot to death

1970 - Sam Sheppard, American accused murderer (b. 1923)

1970 - Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (b. 1933)

1974 - Willem Dudok, Dutch architect (Hilversum Town Hall), dies at 89

1974 - Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and businessman (b.1895)

1975 - Chiang Kai-Shek, Nationalist Chinese leader, dies at 87

1976 - Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (b. 1903)

1983 - Ana Maria, Salvador guerilla leader, murdered

1990 - Ronald E Evans, astronaut (Apollo 17), dies of a heart attack at 57

 

 

 

1992 - Isaac AsimovSci-Fi author (I Robot), dies from kidney failure at 72

 

 

 

 

 

 

1992 - Molly Picon, Yiddish actress (Milk & Honey), dies of Alzheimers at 94

1993 - Divya Bharati, “Baby Doll” Indian Bollywood actress (Diwana), dies at 19 by mysteriously falling from her husband’s apartment

1994 - Theo Bosch, humanist/architect (Amsterdam), dies at 54

1996 - Greer Garson, actress (Goodbye Mr Chips), dies at 92

1997 - Jack Kent Cooke, NFL owner (Wash Redskins), dies at 84

1998 - Tammy Wynette, American country singer, dies at 55

1998 - Wendy O. Williams, American singer (Plasmatics) (b. 1949)

1999 - Red Norvo, American jazz vibraphonist (b. 1908)

2003 - David Bloom, American reporter (b. 1963)

2004 - Larisa Bogoraz, Soviet dissident (b. 1929)

2004 - Niki Sullivan, American guitarist (The Crickets) (b. 1937)

2005 - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (b. 1923)

2006 - Francis L. Kellogg, U.S. diplomat and prominent socialite (b. 1917)

2010 - Wilma Mankiller, Native-American activist, chief of the Cherokee Nation (b. 1945)

2012 - Fang Lizhi, Chinese astrophysicist/dissident, dies at 76

2012 - Thomas Kinkade, American artist, dies from acute intoxication at 54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1081 - Alexius I Comnenus occupies Byzantine throne

1460 - University of Basle in Swizerland forms

1541 - Ignatius of Loyola becomes 1st superior-general of Jesuits

1581 - Francis Drake awarded a Knighthood by Queen Elizabeth I aboard Golden Hind at Deptford

1588 - Christian IV succeeds Frederik II as king of Denmark

1655 - Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbarian pirates

1660 - English king Charles II sends Declaration of Breda (freedom of religion)

1686 - English king James II publishes Declaration of Indulgence

1687 - King James II orders his declaration of indulgence read in church

1721 - Sir Robert Walpole enters office as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under King George I.

1818 - Congress decided US flag is 13 red & white stripes & 20 stars

1828 - Casparus van Wooden patents chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam)

1850 - City of Los Angeles incorporated

1859 - Bryant’s Minstrels debut “Dixie” in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.

1862 - Battle of Yorktown (US Civil War) begins

 

 

 

1862 - US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond during US Civil War

 

 

 

 

 

1864 - Skirmish at Elkin’s Ford (Little Missouri River), Arkansas

 

 

 

1865 - Lee’s army arrives at Amelia Courthouse

 

 

 

 

 

 

1896 - Announcement of Gold in Yukon

1900 - Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war

1900 - British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet

1902 - Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million

1905 - Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000

1911 - Hugh Chalmers, automaker, suggests idea of baseball MVP

1912 - Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia

1913 - The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.

1916 - US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WW I

1918 - Battle of Somme, ends

1920 - Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem

1929 - 1st AAU Greco-Roman wrestling championships held

1932 - Vitamin C 1st isolated, CC King, Univ of Pittsburgh

 

 

 

1933 - US Dirigible Akron crashes off coast of NJ73 die

 

 

 

 

 

 

1937 - 4th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283

1938 - 5th Golf Masters Championship: Henry Picard wins, shooting a 285

1941 - German troops conquer Banghazi

1944 - British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia

1944 - Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000

1945 - Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)

1945 - US forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany

1945 - US tanks/infantry conquer Bielefeld

1947 - Convention on International Civil Aviation goes into effect

1947 - Largest group of sunspots on record

1948 - 84-year-old Connie Mack challenges 78-year-old Clark Griffith to a race from home to 1st base; it ends in a tie

1949 - Israel & Jordan sign armistice agreement

1958 - 1st march against nuclear weapons (Aldermaston England)

1958 - The CND Peace Symbol displayed in public for the first time in London.

1960 - 32nd Academy Awards – “Ben-Hur,” Charlton Heston & Simone Signoret win

1964 - Beatles’ “Can’t Buy Me Love,” single goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks

1965 - The first model of the new Saab Viggen fighter aircraft plane is unveiled.

1967 - Amsterdam Marines chase out “nozems” of Central Station

1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee (see Deaths below)

1969 - Denton Cooley gets 1st temporary artificial heart

1972 - 1st electric power plant fueled by garbage begins operating

1974 - Hank Aaron ties Babe Ruth’s home-run record by hitting his 714th

1975 - 130, killed as USAF plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashes

1975 - Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend’s clothes

1975 - Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen.

1979 - President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan is executed.

1985 - Tulane University cancels its basketball season amidst scandal

1986 - Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record with 213th point of season

1987 - Dow Jones up 69.89 points, ending at record 2,390.34 pts

1988 - Eddie Hill becomes the world’s first driver to cover the quarter mile in under 5 seconds

1988 - Mets set Opening Day record with 6 HRs

1989 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar’s last NBA game in Seattle

1989 - NY Yankee Tommy John ties record of playing 26 seasons, his 287th win puts him 19th overall as Yanks beat Twins on opening day 4-2

1990 - Security law violator Ivan Boesky is released from federal custody

1991 - Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.

1994 - Netscape Communications founded as Mosaic Communications

1994 - Tony Curtis undergoes heart-bypass surgery

2002 - The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign a peace treaty ending the Angolan Civil War.

2007 - 15 British Royal Navy personnel held in Iran are released by the Iranian President.

2008 - The raid on the FLDS owned ranch called the YFZ Ranch in Texas, 401 children were taken into custody. 133 woman were taken into state custody also, the total number of woman and children is 534.

2012 - Somalia’s National Theatre is struck by a suicide bomber killing ten people including the presidents of the Somali Olympic Committee and Football Federation

 

 

 

Births

188 - Caracalla, [Marcus Aureiius Antoniius], Roman emperor (211-17)

1492 - Ambrosius Blarer, German reformer (d. 1564)

1527 - Abraham Ortelius, [Ortels/Hortels], South Neth geographer

1572 - William Strachey, English writer (d. 1621)

1646 - Antoine Galland, French archaeologist (d. 1715)

1688 - Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer (d. 1768)

1786 - John Franklin, British explorer (Arctic)

1792 - Thaddeus Stevens, US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R)

1809 - Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer

1814 - John Blair Smith Todd, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1872

1817 - John Wilson Sprague, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1893

1820 - Charles Devens Jr, Major General, Bvt (Union volunteers), died in 1891

 

 

 

1821 - Linus YaleUS, portrait painter/inventor (Yale cylinder lock)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1823 - Karl Wilhelm Siemens, inventor (laid undersea cables)

1823 - Robert Byington Mitchell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1831 - Edward Cary Walthall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898

1842 - Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (d. 1891)

1866 - George P Baker, US playwright (47 Workshop)

1884 - Isoroku Yamamoto, admiral/supreme commander of Japanese fleet

1896 - Robert Sherwood, dramatist (Abe Lincoln in Illinois, Idiot’s Delight)

1906 - Bea Benaderet, NYC, actress (Kate-Petticoat Junction)

1906 - John Cameron Swayze, Wichita Ks, newscaster (Timex, Hindenberg) [NS]

 

1913 - Muddy Waters, [McKinley Morganfield], American blues guitarist (Hoochie Coochie Man)

 

VIDEOS

 

1916 - David White, actor (Larry Tate-Bewitched)

1916 - Herbert Eugene Caen, columnist

1917 - Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist (barricade uprising)

1922 - Elmer Bernstein, NYC, movie music composer (Robot Monster)

1924 - Gil Hodges, baseball player/manager (Bkln Dodgers, NY Mets)

1926 - Cloris Leachman, Des Moines Iowa, actress (Phyllis, High Anxiety)

1928 - Maya Angelou, [Marguerite Johnson], St Louis, poet/actress (Nyo-Roots)

1931 - Bobby Ray Inman, American admiral and intelligence director

1932 - Anthony Perkins, NYC, actor (Psycho, Fear Strikes Out, Pretty Poison)

1932 - Clive Davis, American record producer

1933 - Fritz Bolkestein, Dutch CEO (Shell)/Minister of Defense (VVD)

1933 - Robin Phillips, English multi-millionaire manufacturer (hand-dryer)

1933 - Bill France, Jr., NASCAR pioneer (d. 2007)

1938 - A Bartlett Giamatti, Boston, pres of Yale/baseball commish (1989)

1938 - Michael Parks, Corona California, actor (Then Came Bronson)

1939 - Hugh Masekela, Wilbank South Africa, trumpeter (I Am Not Afraid)

1939 - Major Lance, American singer (d. 1994)

1940 - Richard Attwood, British racing driver

1942 - Kitty Kelley, author (Unauthorized Biography of Frank Sinatra)

1943 - Ian Robertson, British museum director (National Army Museum)

1944 - Lawrence A Hough, US, rower (Pairs w/o cox-1968 olympic silver)

1944 - Craig T. Nelson, Spokane, Wash, actor (Poltergeist, Hayden Fox-Coach)

1945 - Caroline McWilliams, Seattle Wash, actress (Sally-Soap, Marcy-Benson)

1946 - Katsuaki Sato, Japanese martial artist

1948 - Berry Oakley, Chicago Ill, rocker (Allman Brothers-Ramblin’ Man)

1948 - Pick Withers, rocker (Dire Straits)

1949 - Shing-Tung Yau, Chinese mathematician

1950 - Christine Lahti, Detroit, actress (Harvey Korman Show, Swing Shift)

1951 - Steve Gatlin, Olney Tx, country singer (Gatlin Bros-Broken Lady)

1952 - Dave Hill, England, rock guitarist (Slade-Coz I Love You)

 

 

 

1952 - Gary MooreIrish rock guitarist (Skid Row-Oh Pretty Woman)

 

 390057_gary_moore_20110207102449

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1952 - Peter Haycockrock guitarist (All Along the Watchtower)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

1952 - Rosemarie Ackermann, German DR, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1976)

1952 - Gregg Hansford, Australian motorcycle and car racer (d. 1995)

1956 - Evelyn Hart, prima ballerina (Royal Winnipeg Ballet)

1956 - Lamen Khalifa Fhimah, Suk Giuma Libya, bomber (Pan Am Flight 103)

1956 - David E. Kelley, American writer and TV producer

1957 - Graeme Kelling, British pop guitarist (Deacon Blue-Real Gone Kid)

1957 - Kelso, American racehorse (d. 1983)

1958 - John Wesley Jones, Lawton Ok, 4X100m relayer (Olympic-gold-1976)

1962 - Ava Fabian, Brewster NY, playmate (Aug, 1986)/actress (Cafe Nostra)

1965 - Black Francis, [Charles Thompson], US singer/songwriter (Pixies)

1965 - Robert Downey Jr, NYC, comedian (SNL, Less than Zero, Back to School)

1965 - Zwart Francis, [Charles Thompson], US singer/songwriter (Pixies)

1966 - Mike Starr [Michael], Honolulu Hawaii, musician (Alice in Chains bassist), (d. 2011)

1966 - Nancy McKeon, Westbury NY, actress (Jo Polniazek-Facts of Life)

1967 - Juliana “Juli” Furtado, NYC, cyclist (Olympics-10th-96)

1968 - Andre Bowden, WLAF LB (Frankfurt Galaxy)

1970 - Michael Schwartz, American turntablist, known as Mix Master Mike, DJ for the Beastie Boys

1973 - Loris Capirossi, Italian motorcycle racer

 

 

 

1973 - David BlaineAmerican illusionist

 

David-Blaine_0

 

 

 

 

 

 

1973 - Chris McCormack, Australian triathlete

1978 - Aska Yang, Taiwanese singer

1979 - Charles Butler, Salt Lake City Utah, dance skater (& Joseph-1997 Natl)

1979 - Heath Ledger, Australian/American Actor. (d.2008)

1979 - Roberto Luongo, Canadian ice hockey goaltender

1980 - Björn Wirdheim, Swedish race car driver

1994 - Risako Sugaya, Japanese singer

 

 

 

Deaths

397 - Ambrosius, gov of Liguria/bishop of Milan (374-97)/saint, dies

636 - Saint Isidore of Seville, Church Father and the proposed patron of Internet (b. cira 560)

896 - Formosus, Pope (891-96), dies

1229 - Hugo van Pierrepont, bishop of Liege, dies

1284 - Alfonso X, “El Sabio” King of Castile/Leon (1252-84), dies at 62

1292 - Nicholas IV, [Girolamo Masci], Pope (1288-92), dies

1305 - Jeanne of Navarre, wife of Philip IV of France (b. circa 1217)

1393 - Floris van Wevelinkhoven, bishop of Utrecht, dies

1406 - Robert III, King of Scots (1390-1406), dies

1417 - John van Touraine, 1st husband of Jacoba of Bavaria, dies

1588 - Frederik II, King of Denmark/Norway (1559-88), dies at 53

1604 - Thomas Churchyard, poet/pamphleteer, dies

1661 - Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)

1774 - Oliver Goldsmith, Irish poet (She Stoops to Conquer), dies at 17

1841 - William Henry Harrison, becomes 1st pres to die in office, at 68

1861 - John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1785)

1864 - Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)

1870 - Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)

1874 - Charles Ernest Beulé, French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)

 

 

 

1878 - Richard BrewerAmerican gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)

 

Richard-Brewer

 

 

 

 

 

1879 - Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (b. 1803)

1883 - Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (b. 1791)

1890 - Edmond Hébert, French geologist (b. 1812)

1893 - Alphonse LPP de Candolle, Swiss botanist, dies at 86

1900 - Edward VII, King, assassinated

1919 - William Crookes, English chemist/physicist (Crookes-pipe), dies at 86

1923 - L Martov, [Joulij O Tsederbaum], Russ revolutionary, dies at 49

1923 - John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)

1929 - Karl Friedrich Benz, automobile engineer (Mercedes), dies at 84

1932 - Wilhelm Ostwald, physical chemist (Nobel 1909), dies

1941 - Andre Michelin, French tire manufacturer, dies at 88

1958 - Johnny Stompanato, American organized crime figure (b. 1925)

1962 - James Hanratty, executed at Bedford Prison, England, for the murder of Michael Gregsten (b. 1936)

1963 - Endzion Barelli, dies 2 days after winning a boxing match at 18

1963 - Jason Robards Sr, actor (Acapulco), dies at 70

1967 - Al Lewis, American songwriter (b. 1901)

 

 

 

1968 - Martin Luther King Jrassassinated at the Lorraine Hotel in Memphis Tennessee at 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 - Adam Clayton Powell Jr, (Rep-D-NY), dies at 63

1976 - Harry Nyquist, Swedish contributor to information theory (b. 1889)

1979 - Edgar Buchanan, actor (Uncle Joe-Petticoat Junction), dies at 77

1979 - Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Pakistani president, hanged in Pakistan at 51

1980 - Red Sovine, American country music singer (b. 1917)

1983 - Gloria Swanson, actress (Airport 1975), dies of a heart ailment at 84

1991 - John Heinz, (Sen-R-Pa), dies in a plane crash, dies at 52

1991 - Forrest Towns, American hurdler (b. 1914)

1993 - Alfred Mosher Butts, US architect/game maker (Scrabble), dies at 93

1996 - Frederick Denison Maurice Hocking, pathologist, dies at 97

 

 

 

2001 - Ed “Big Daddy” RothAmerican custom car designer (b. 1932)

 

ed-roth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004 - Alberic Schotte, Belgian cyclist (b. 1919)

2004 - Casey Sheehan, American soldier, son of Cindy Sheehan (b. 1979)

2008 - Francis Tucker, South African Rally Driver (b. 1923)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

419 - [Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1043 - Edward the Confessor crowned king of England

1077 - The first Parliament of Friuli is created.

1312 - 2nd council of Vienna

1376 - Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat France

1559 - Spain & France signs 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis

1657 - English Lord Protector Cromwell refuses crown

1679 - Edmund Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig

1721 - Robert Walpole becomes England’s 1st Lord of the Treasury

1776 - Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College

1783 - Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce

 

 

 

1790 - Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard), created (3rd or 4th)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1856 - Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos

1860 - Pony Express began between St Joseph Mo & Sacramento Calif

1864 - Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas

1865 - Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)

1865 - Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va & Petersberg

1868 - An Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever, he rides a 50′ tidal wave

1882 - Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks

1882 - American Old West: Outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford.

1908 - Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in 2 hrs

1910 - Highest mountain in North America, Alaska’s Mt McKinley climbed

1913 - British suffragette Emily Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail

1918 - House of Reps accepts American Creed written by William Tyler

1925 - Great Britain goes back to gold standard

1927 - Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone

1929 - RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.

1933 - 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest

1933 - Then longest North American hockey game requires a 1:44:46 overtime as Maple Leaf Ken Doraty scores to beat Canadiens 1-0

1935 - Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44)

1936 - Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round

1936 - Shortest boxing bout with gloves lasts only 10 seconds

1941 - Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion

1944 - British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz

1944 - Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) “white primaries” unconstitutional

1945 - Hengelo freed from nazi control by Canadian army

1945 - Nazi’s begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald

1945 - US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar

1948 - 1st US figure skating championships held

1948 - Harry Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)

1948 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill

1948 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1954 - Don Perry climbs a 20′ rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)

1956 - Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado.

1958 - Fidel Castro’s rebels attacked Havana

1962 - Jockey Eddie Arcaro retires after 31 years (24,092 races)

1962 - Lt General Marshall S Carter, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA

1965 - 1st atomic powered spacecraft (snap) launched

1966 - Tom Seaver, signs with the Mets for a reported $50,000 bonus

1967 - 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum

1968 - N Vietnam agrees to meet US reps to set up preliminary peace talks

1969 - Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to “Vietnamize” the war effort.

1970 - Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th try

1973 - The first portable cell phone call is made in New York City, United States.

1974 - 148 tornadoes are reported over an area covering a dozen states

1974 - Gold hits record $197 an ounce in Paris

 

 

 

1974 - The Super Outbreak occursthe biggest tornado outbreak in recorded historyThe death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1975 - Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend

1977 - Egyptian Pres Anwar Sadat 1st meeting with President Jimmy Carter

1981 - Arnie Boldt of Saskatchewan jumped 6′ 8.25,” with 1 leg

1981 - Race riots in London’s Brixton area

1984 - Soyuz T-11 carries 3 cosmonauts (1 Indian-Rakesh Sharma) to Salyut 7

1985 - Vic Elliot pocketed 15,780 pool balls in 24 hours in London

1986 - US national debt hits $2,000,000,000,000

1987 - Bill Elliott sets NASCAR qualify record of 212.809 mph at Talladega

1988 - 7th NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship: Louisiana Tec beat Auburn 56-54

1988 - Mario Lemieux wins NHL scoring title, stopping Gretzky’s 7 year streak

 

 

 

1991 - Bo Jackson signs 1-year contract with Chicago White Sox

 

 

 

 

 

 

1991 - UN Security Council adopts Gulf War truce resolution

1994 - 1st roster of Silver Bullets (all-female pro baseball team) announced

1997 - Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.

2004 - Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.

2007 - Conventional-Train World Speed Record: a French TGV train on the LGV Est high speed line sets an official new world speed record.

2012 - Spanish unemployment reaches record high, youth unemployment stands at 50%

 

 

 

Births

1151 - Igor Svyatoslavich, Ukrainian prince (d. 1202)

1245 - Philips III, the Stout, King of France (1270-85)

1367 - Henry IV, Bolingbroke Lincolnshire, King of England (1399-1413)

1438 - John III van Egmont, [Manke John], viceroy of Holland

1529 - Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1581)

1683 - Mark Catesby, English naturalist (d. 1749)

1693 - George Edwards, English naturalist (d. 1773)

1715 - William Watson, English physician and scientist (d. 1787)

1783 - Washington Irving, US writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow)

1798 - Charles D Wilkes, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1877

1822 - Edward Everett Hale, US, clergyman/author (Man without a Country)

1823 - William Macy “Boss” Tweed, corrupt political boss (NYC)

1842 - Ulric Dahlgren, Col (Union volunteers), died in 1864

1866 - James B Hertzog, South African general/premier (1914-39)

1885 - Harry St John Philby, [sheik Abdullah], British explorer

1885 - Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1954)

1893 - Leslie Howard, [Stainer], London, actor (Gone With the Wind)

1894 - Dooley Wilson, Tyler Tx, actor (Bill-Beulah, Casablanca)

 

 

 

1898 - George Jesseltoastmaster general/entertainer (Diary of Young Comic)

 

 

 

 

 

1898 - Henry R Luce, Tengchow China, publisher (Time, Fortune, Life)

1904 - Russel Wright, American industrial designer (d. 1976)

1905 - Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (d. 1965)

1915 - Paul Touvier, war criminal

1916 - Herb Caen, Sacramento California, columnist (SF Chronicle)

1920 - John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), (d. 2012)

1924 - Doris Day, Cincinnati Oh, “girl next door” actress (Pillow Talk)

1924 - Marlon Brando, Omaha Neb, actor (Superman, Godfather)

1926 - Virgil Grissom, Mitchell Ind, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Merc 4, Gemini 3)

1927 - Wesley Brown, Baltimore, Maryland, 1st African American US Naval Academy graduate, (d. 2012)

1928 - Don Gibson, American country musician (d. 2003)

1930 - Helmut Kohl, chancellor (Germany, 1982- )

1930 - Max Frankel, journalist (Tables of Id of Organic Compounds)

1934 - Jane Goodall, London England, ethologist (studied African chimps)

1934 - John Lelliott, English contractor/multi-millionaire

1936 - Jimmy McGriff, American jazz organist

1936 - Reginald Hill, British crime author (Andrew Dalziel and Peter Pascoe novels)

1941 - Eric Braeden, Aust, actor (Victor Newman-Young & Restless, Colossus)

1941 - Jan Berry, LA California, rock vocalist (Jan & Dean-Deadman’s Curve)

1941 - Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (d. 1984)

1942 - Billy Joe Royal, Valdosta Ga, country singer (Down in the Boondocks)

1942 - Marsha Mason, St Louis Mo, actress (Blume in Love, Cinderella Liberty)

1942 - Michael Elliott, US, skier (Olympics-1968)

1942 - Rick Sylvester, parachute ski jumper (world record 3,300′)

1942 - Wayne Newton, American singer

1943 - Doreen Tracey, English-born Mouseketeer

1944 - Barry Pritchard, rock guitarist (Fortunes)

1944 - Tony Orlando, NYC, singer (& Dawn-Tie a Yellow Ribbon)

1945 - Richard Manuel, rock pianist/vocalist (Band-Up on Cripple Creek)

1946 - John Virgo, British snooker player

1948 - Mary Gordon-Watson, England, equestrian 3 day event (Oly-gold-1972)

1949 - Lyle Alzado, NFLer (LA Raiders)/actor (Oceans of Fire, Hangfire)

1949 - Richard Thompson, vocalist/guitarist (Shoot Out the Lights)

1951 - Mel Schacher, MI, bassist (Grand Funk Railroad-Some Kind of Wonderful)

1955 - Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yablontsev, Russian lt-colonel/cosmonaut

1955 - Mick Mars, guitarst (Motley Crue)

1959 - David Hyde Pierce, NY, actor (Niles Crane-Fraiser)

1961 - Eddie Murphy, Bkln NY, actor (SNL, 48 Hours, Beverly Hills Cop, Raw)

1962 - John Gruffith, rocker (Red Rockers)

1962 - Mike Ness, rocker (Social Distortion)

1962 - Nancy Filteau, Swift Current Saskatchawan, 72k judoka (Olympics-96)

1964 - Ajay Sharma, cricketer (Indian spin all-rounder played one Test 1988)

1966 - John de Vries, Australian racing driver

1968 - Sebastian Philip Clerk Bach, Bahamas, rock (Skid Row-Psycho Love)

1968 - Jamie Hewlett, English illustrator

1971 - Peter Schwab, Boston, Mass, rower (Olympics-1996)

 

 

 

1971 - Picabo Streetskier (Olympic-gold-94,98,02)

 

picabo-street-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 - Jennie Garth, Champagn Ill, actr (Kelly Taylor-Beverly Hills 90210)

1981 - Heath Ramsay, Australian Olympic swimmer

1986 - Amanda Bynes, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

33 - Christ, crucified (according to astronomer Humphreys & Waddington)

628 - Chosroes II, emperor of Persia (579..628), murdered by his son

963 - William III, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 915)

1287 - Honorius IV, [Giacomo Savelli], Italian Pope (1285-87), dies

1350 - Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1295)

1512 - Richard Pafraet, Dutch printer, dies

1525 - Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api), dies at 49

1680 - Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire, India (b. 1630)

1682 - Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish painter, dies

1717 - Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)

1792 - George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)

1827 - Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)

1862 - James Clark Ross, Arctic explorer, dies

1882 - Jesse James, outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford

1897 - Johannes Brahms, German composer/conductor (Hung Dances), dies at 63

1936 - Bruno Hauptmann, convicted Lindbergh baby killer, executed

1943 - Conrad Veidt, German/US actor (Cabinet of Dr Calgary), dies at 50

1946 - Masaharu Homma, Lt Gen (responsible for Bataan Death March), executed

1950 - Kurt Julian Weill, German composer (Dreigroschenoper), dies at 50

1962 - Benny “Kid” Paret, US welterweight boxer, dies after fight, at 24

1971 - Joseph Valachi, US gangster, dies at 66

1971 - Manfred Bonnington Lee, [Ellery Queen], detective writer, dies at 65

1981 - Juan Trippe, Airline entrepreneur and pioneer, Pan Am founder (b. 1899)

1982 - Warren Oates, actor (East of Eden, Stoney Burke), dies at 53

1988 - Milton A Caniff, US cartoonist (Terry & the Pirates), dies at 81

 

 

 

1990 - Sarah Vaughn, jazz singer, dies of lung cancer at 66 (See Our Birthday Tribute)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1991 - Graham Greene, Brit writer (3rd Man, Our man in Havana), dies at 86

1993 - Dieter Plage, German wildlife filmmaker, dies at 57

1993 - Pinky Lee, kiddie host (Pinky Lee Show), dies of heart attack at 85

1994 - Frank G Wells, US director (Walt Disney), dies at 62

1994 - Jerome Lejeune, French geneticist (Syndrome of Down), dies at 67

1996 - Ron Brown, sec of Comerce, dies in an accident

1996 - Roosevelt “Booba” Barnes, bluesman, dies at 59

1997 - Judy Flannery, master triathelete, killed by a car at 56

1998 - Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (b. 1900)

2003 - Michael Kelly, American journalist (b. 1957)

2007 - Eddie Robinson, American football coach (b. 1919)

2007 - Nina Wang, Asia’s richest woman (b. 1937)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

999 - Gerbert of Aurillac elected as 1st French Pope

1416 - Alfonso V succeeds his father as king of Aragon

1453 - Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (İstanbul), which would fall on May 29.

1513 - Florida discovered, claimed for Spain by Ponce de Leon

1550 - Jews are expelled from Genoa Italy

1595 - Cornelis de Houtman’s ships depart to Asia through Cape of Good Hope

1645 - Robert Devereux resigns as parliament supreme commander

1755 - Commodore William James captures the pirate fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India.

1792 - US authorizes $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime

1792 - The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint.

1801 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Copenhagen – The British destroy the Danish fleet.

1804 - Forty merchantmen are wrecked when a convoy led by HMS Apollo runs aground off Portugal.

1819 - 1st successful agricultural journal (“American Farmer”) begins

1827 - Joseph Dixon begins manufacturing lead pencils

1863 - Bread revolt in Richmond Virginia

1864 - Skirmish at Crump’s Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana

1864 - Skirmish at Spoonville/Antoine, Arkansas

1865 - Battle of Petersburg, VA (Ft Gregg, Sutherland’s Station)

1865 - CSA President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, VA

1865 - Battle of Ft Blakely AL & Selma AL

1866 - US President Johnson ends civil war in Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Tn & Va

1872 - George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine

1877 - 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn

1883 - Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack

1884 - London prison for debtors closed

1900 - The Foraker Act passes through Congress, giving Puerto Ricans limited self-rule.

1902 - 1st motion picture theater opens (LA)

1912 - Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang-Party in China

1912 - Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power

1917 - Jeannette Rankin becomes 1st women member of US House of Reps

1917 - Pres Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany

1921 - Prof Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new theory of relativity

1930 - 1st NY-Bermuda airplane flight lands in Bermuda

1931 - Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth & Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee

1932 - Charles Lindbergh turns over $50,000 as ransom for kidnapped son

1935 - Mary Hirsch, becomes 1st woman licensed as a horse trainer

1935 - Sir Watson-Watt patents RADAR

1942 - USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from SF

1944 - Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania

1945 - 1st US units reach east coast of Okinawa

1945 - Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established.

1954 - Plans to build Disneyland 1st announced [see Jan 26]

1955 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright

1955 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins

1955 - Pancho Gonzales retains tennis title by winning a tournament playing under table tennis rules

1956 - Soap operas “As the World Turns” & “Edge of Night” premieres on TV

1958 - Antillean Brewery (Amstel beer) opens

1958 - National Advisory Council on Aeronautics renamed NASA

1958 - Wind speed reaches 450 kph in tornado, Wichita Falls, TX (record)

1962 - The first official Panda crossing is opened outside Waterloo station, London.

1964 - USSR launches Zond 1 to Venus; no data returned

1969 - Milwaukee Bucks sign (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Lew Alcindor)

1970 - 2 men begin ascent of south face of Annapurna I, highest final stage in a wall climb in world

1971 - Sci-fi soap opera “Dark Shadows” concludes an almost 5 year run

1973 - ITT pleads guilty to asking CIA to affect Chilean pres election

1973 - Launch of the LexisNexis computerized legal research service.

1974 - Arganat Comm publishes report concerning Yom Kippur War

1975 - Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.

1977 - Fleetwood Mac’s “Rumors,” album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks

1978 - TV show “Dallas” premieres on CBS (as a 5 week mini-series)

1978 - Velcro was 1st put on the market

1979 - Israeli PM Menachem Begin visits Cairo Egypt/meets pres Sadat

1980 - Wayne Gretzky becomes 1st teenager to score 50 goals in a season

1981 - Heavy battle between Christian militia & Syrian army in East Lebanon

1982 - Several thousand Argentine troops seize the Falkland (Malvina) Islands from Great Britain

1986 - 4 US passengers killed by bomb at TWA counter Athens Airport Greece

1986 - NCAA adopts 3-point basketball rule (19 feet 9 inch distance)

1987 - IBM introduces PS/2 & OS/2

1988 - Simply Majestic sets horse racing’s 1-1/8 mile record at 1:45

1992 - John Gotti found guilty in death of Paul Castallanos

1995 - Wrestlemania XI in Conn-Lawrence Taylor defeats Bam Bam Bigelow

2002 - Israeli forces surround the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem into which armed Palestinians had retreated. A siege ensues.

2004 - Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.

2005 - James Stewart Jr. becomes first African American to win a major motor sports event.

2006 - Over 60 tornadoes break out, hardest hit is Tennessee with 29 people killed.

2012 - Oikos University, Oakland shooting kills seven people and injures 3

 

 

 

Births

742 - Charlemagne, 1st Holy Roman emperor (800-14)

1348 - Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1385)

1565 - Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch explorer (d. 1599)

1602 - Maria de Jesus de Agreda, [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscan

1618 - Francesco M Grimaldi, mathematician/physicist (light defraction)

1725 - Casanova, writer

1740 - Armand-Gaston Camus, French CEO (Council of 500)

1805 - Hans Christian Andersen, Denmark, author of 150 fairy tales

1814 - Henry Lewis “Old Rock” Benning, Brigadier General (Confederate Army

1814 - Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor (d. 1879)

1826 - Philip Dale Roddey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897

1833 - Thomas Howard Ruger, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1840 - Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (d. 1902)

1867 - Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer (d. 1925)

1875 - Walter Chrysler, Wamego, Kansas, founder of car company Chrysler

1894 - Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air)

1905 - Kurt Adler, therapist/writer

1908 - Buddy Ebsen, Belleville Il, actor (Beverly Hillbillies, Barnaby Jones)

1910 - Irene Mayer Selznick, producer (Street Car Named Desire)

1910 - Paul Triquet, Canadian military officer (d. 1980)

1911 - Charles “Honi” Coles, tap dancer (Tap)

1914 - Alec Guinness, London England, British actor (Bridge on River Kwai)

1920 - Jack Webb, Santa Monica California, actor (Joe Friday-Dragnet)

1922 - Nikolaj G Bassov, Russia, atomic physicist (laser, Nobel 1964)

1926 - Elena Verdugo, Hollywood California, actress (Consuelo-Marcus Welby MD)

1928 - Joseph “Cardinal” Bernardin, of Chicago

1928 - Rita Gam, Pittsburgh, actress (Distortions, Hannibal, Sierra Baron)

1928 - Serge Gainsbourg, [Ginsburg], Russian/French singer (Ford Mustang)

1934 - Peter Middleton, British permanent secretary (Treasury)

1934 - Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician (d. 2007)

1936 - Jack Brabham, Australian race car driver (world champ 1966)

1938 - Whirlaway, American thoroughbred racehorse, 1941 Triple Crown Winner (d. 1953)

1939 - Marvin P Gaye Jr, Wash DC, singer (Sexual Healing)

1940 - Penelope Keith, British actress (Norman Conquests, Priest of Love)

1940 - Peter Haining, writer/editor (Anatomy of Witchcraft)

1941 - Leon Russell, Lawton KS, pianist/singer (Carny)

1943 - Larry Coryell, Galveston Tx, jazz guitarist (11th House)

1945 - Don Sutton, baseball pitcher (LA Dodgers)

1945 - Linda Hunt, Morristown NJ, actress (Bostonians, Eleni, Silverado)

1946 - Kurt Winter, rocker (Guess Who)

1947 - Camille Paglia, Endicott NY, actress (Female Misbehavior, It’s Pat)

1947 - Emmylou Harris, Birmingham Alabama, country singer (Together Again)

1948 - Eleanor Margaret Burbridge, astronomer/educator

1948 - Joan [Carol] D[ennison] Vinge, US, sci-fi author (2 Hugos, Dune)

1949 - Pamela Reed, Tacoma WA, actress (Grand, Kindergarten Cop, Home Court)

1951 - Moriteru Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist

1952 - Joseph Kent Massey, Oklahoma City OK, soling yachter (Oly-bronze-1996)

1952 - Leon Wilkerson, rocker (Lynard Skynard)

1952 - Thierry Le Luron, French humorist (d. 1986)

1954 - Ron Palillo, Ct, actor (Arnold Horshack-Welcome Back Kotter), (d. 2012)

1955 - Michael Stone, British terrorist

1959 - Brian Goodell, US, 400m/1500m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-2 gold-1976)

1959 - Victoria Jackson, Miami Florida, comedian (SNL, Casual Sex)

1959 - Juha Kankkunen, Finnish race car driver

1960 - Linford Christie, St Andrews Jamaica, 4x100m runner (Oly-gold 1992

1961 - Keren Jane Woodward, Bristol England, rock vocalist (Bananarama-Venus)

1961 - Christopher Meloni, American actor

1962 - Alex Tripolski, Israel, Men’s Shooting 50M air pistol (Oly-16th-1996)

1962 - Billy Dean, Quincy Fla, country singer (Billy the Kid)

1963 - Mike Gascoyne, British engineer

1965 - Rodney King, Sacramento California, black motorist beaten by LA cops, (d. 2012)

1966 - Garnet Silk, Jamaican singer (d. 1994)

1970 - Marcus Christensen, Toronto Ontario, figure skater (1995 Canadian-2nd)

1971 - James Ransom, Toronto Ontario, Epee fencer (Olympics-96)

1974 - Håkan Hellström, Swedish musician

1977 - Jelena Abbou, Serbian fitness model

1980 - Ricky Hendrick, NASCAR driver and owner (d. 2004)

1982 - Jeremy Bloom, American skier and football player

 

 

 

Deaths

1118 - Boudouin I, of Bologne/Edessa, 1st crusader/king of Jerusalem, dies

1272 - Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1209)

1335 - Duke Henry of Carinthia (b. circa 1265)

1412 - Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo, Spanish traveler and writer (b. ????)

1507 - Francis of Paola, Italian founder of the Order of the Minims (b. 1416)

1640 - Matthias C Sarbiewski, [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet, dies at 45

1657 - Ferdinand III, King of Hungarian/Bohemia/German Emperor, dies at 48

1720 - Joseph Dudley, colonial Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1647)

1742 - James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)

1754 - Thomas Carte, English historian (b. 1686)

1758 - Johann Balthasar Konig, composer, dies at 67

1787 - Thomas Gage, British general (b. 1719)

1791 - Mirabeau, French statesman (b. 1749)

1801 - Thomas Dadford Junior, British canal engineer (b. circa 1761)

1827 - Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus, German physician and naturalist (b. 1776)

1845 - Philip Charles Durham, Royal Navy Admiral (b. 1763)

1865 - Ambrose Powell Hill, Confederate general, killed in action at 39

1872 - Samuel Morse developer of electric telegraph, dies at 80

1892 - Willem J d’Ablaing van Giessenburg, Dut baron/genealogist, dies at 79

1902 - Esther Morris, suffragist and first female American judge (b. 1814)

1910 - Boyd Alexander, English explorer (Niger to the Nile), murdered at 37

1914 - Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1830)

1922 - Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychologist (b. 1884)

1928 - Theodore Richards, US chemist (atomic weight, Nobel 1914), dies

1956 - Chester Clute, actor (Niagara Falls), dies at 65

1972 - Gil Hodges, manager (NY Mets), dies of heart attack at 57

1972 - Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Japanese Martial Arts Grandmaster (b. 1887)

1974 - Georges Pompidou, French president, dies in Paris at 62

1987 - Buddy Rich, drummer/orchestra leader (Away We Go), dies at 69

1995 - Hannes Alfven, physicist (Nobel prize), dies at 86

1995 - Harvey Penick, premier golf instructor/author, dies at 90

1995 - Julius Arthur Hemphill, saxophonist, dies at 57

1998 - Rob Pilatus, American model and entertainer (Milli Vanilli) (b. 1965)

2000 - Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (b. 1928)

2003 - Edwin Starr, American singer (b. 1942)

2004 - John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer (b. 1913)

2005 - Pope John Paul II, Polish Roman Catholic Pope (b. 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 Events 

374 - Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth

527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne

705 - Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI

1064 - Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik

1318 - Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.

1340 - Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.

1504 - English guilds/corp goes under state control

1581 - Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II

1663 - Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)

1793 - Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000

1826 - Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine

1862 - Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson’s Battle of Woodstock, VA

1863 - 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect

1865 - -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama

1865 - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee’s army

1866 - US Congress rejects presidential veto gives all equal rights in US

1873 - British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die

1889 - 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)

1891 - The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.

1910 - Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk

1918 - United Kingdom’s Royal Flying Corps replaced by Royal Air Force

1924 - Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co

1924 - Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted

1924 - The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.

1925 - Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated [see May 9, 1925]

1927 - 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master’s Voice

1928 - Chiang Kai-shek’s army crosses Yang-tse

1929 - Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo

1929 - Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate

1931 - Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball

1934 - Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers

1935 - 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY

1938 - Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, NY

1938 - Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1941 - Navy takes over Treasure Island (SF Bay)

1944 - Japanese troops conquer Jessami, East-India

1945 - US forces invade Okinawa during WW II

1946 - 400,000 US mine workers strike

1946 - Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo Hawaii

1946 - Weight Watchers forms

1947 - 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat

1952 - Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow

1954 - 1st army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC

1954 - Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed

1954 - US Air Force Academy forms

1955 - Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam

1955 - EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus

1956 - Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380

1960 - Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000

1960 - 1st weather satellite launched (TIROS 1)

1964 - 10°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April

1966 - 1st world festival of black art (Dakar Senegal)

1969 - The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the RAF.

1970 - Pres Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements on 1/1/71

1973 - Japan allows its citizens to own gold

1974 - Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran

1976 - Stephen Wozniak & Steven Jobs founded Apple Computer

1976 - Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S..

1976 - Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore.

1979 - Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah

1980 - Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz

1980 - New York City’s Transit Worker Union 100 begins a strike lasting 11 days.

1981 - CNN airs a videotape that shows that Tamara Rand predicted that Reagan is in danger from someone named Jack Humley (a hoax)

1982 - US formally transfers Canal Zone to Panama

1983 - Anti-nuke demonstrators link arms in 14-mile human chain in England

1984 - 3rd NCAA Womens Basketball Championship: Southern Cal beats Tenn 72-61

1984 - 8 men record longest distance (13 miles) rowed in 24 hours

1986 - US sub Nathaniel Green runs aground in Irish Sea

1986 - World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel

1990 - Guns & Roses’ Duff divorces Mandy Brix, lead singer for Lame Flames

1990 - It becomes illegal in Salem Oregon to be within 2′ of nude dancers

1991 - Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years

1991 - Supreme Court rules jurors can’t be barred from serving due to race

1991 - US minimum wage goes from $3.80 to $4.25 per hour

1991 - Warsaw Pact officially dissolves

1992 - Battleship USS Missouri (on which, Japan surrendered) decommissioned

1992 - Last defendant in St John sex assault case sentenced to 3 yrs prob

1995 - NY Islanders retire Bobby Nystrom’s uniform #23

1997 - 69 year old Gordie Howe begins playing AHL game with Syracuse Crunch

1997 - Comet Hale-Bopp Perihelion (0.914 AU)

2001 - Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.

2002 - The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.

2004 - Google introduces its Gmail product to the public. The launch is met with scepticism on account of the launch date.

2009 - Croatia and Albania joined NATO

2011 - After protests against the burning of the Quran turned violent, a mob attacked a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and killed thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.

 

 

 

Births

1220 - Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)

1283 - Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)

1543 - François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (d. 1626)

1578 - William Harvey, England, physician (discovered blood circulation)

1610 - Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)

1640 - Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)

1647 - John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)

1697 - Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)

1755 - Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)

1765 - Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)

1776 - Sophie Germain, French mathematician (d. 1831)

1815 - Otto Von Bismarck, Germany, chancellor (1866-90)

1823 - Simon Bolivar Buckner, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1914

1834 - Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)

1847 - Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)

1852 - Edward Austin Abbey, US, painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)

1856 - Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)

1865 - Richard Zsigmondy, Germany, chemist (Nobel-1925)

1873 - Sergei Rachmaninoff, Novgorod Russia, composer (Prelude in C# Minor)

1882 - Paul Anspach, Belgian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1991)

1883 - Lon Chaney, CO, man of 1000 faces, actor (High Noon, Phantom of Opera)

1886 - Wallace Beery, KC MO, actor (Alias a Gentleman, Dinner at 8)

1895 - Alberta Hunter, blues singer/composer (Downhearted Blues)

1898 - William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)

1901 - Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)

1905 - Clara “Mother” Hale, US social worker (Hale House)

1906 - Sigve Lie, Norway, yachtsmans (Olympic-gold-1948, 52)

1909 - Eddie Duchin, Mass, society pianist/bandleader (Eddie Duchin Orch)

1919 - Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)

1920 - Toshiro Mifune, Tsing-tao China, writer/actor (Shogun)

1922 - William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)

1926 - Anne [Inez] McCaffrey, US, sci-fi author (Dragonflight, Dragondrums)

1928 - George Grizzard, NC, actor (Wrong is Right, Bachelor Party, Attica)

1928 - Jane Powell, Portland Oregon, singer/actress (7 Brides for 7 Brothers)

1929 - Milan Kundera, Czech poet/writer (Joke, Unbearable Lightness of Being)

1929 - Bo Schembechler, American football coach (d. 2006)

1932 - Debbie Reynolds, El Paso Texas, actress (Singin’ in the Rain)

1932 - Gordon Jump, Dayton Ohio, actor (Arthur Carlson-WKRP, Growing Pains)

1934 - Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist

1938 - John Quade, American actor

1939 - Ali MacGraw, Pound Ridge NY, actress (Love Story, Goodbye Columbus)

1939 - Phil Niekro, knuckleball pitcher (NY Yankees, Atlanta Braves)

1939 - Rudolph Isley, Cincinnati Ohio, rocker (Isley Brothers-Shout)

1942 - Phil Margo, Bkln, rock vocalist (Tokens-Lion Sleeps Tonight)

1942 - Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr, US, sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Neveryona)

1944 - Rusty Staub, American baseball player

1946 - John Barbata, drummer (Turtles-Happy Together, Eleanor)

1946 - Ronnie “Plonk” Lane, London, rock bassist (Small Faces-Hey Girl)

1946 - William Frederick Fisher, Dallas Texas, MD/astronaut (STS 51-I)

1948 - Jimmy Cliff, Reggae singer

1948 - Simon Crowe, rock drummer (Boomtown Rats-Maxinguaye)

1949 - Gill Scott-Heron, US, writer/poet/singer (Whities on the Moon)

1950 - Leonard van Spirit, Dutch/British fruit/food magnate

1950 - Samuel Alito, U.S. Supreme Court Justice

1951 - John Philip Abizaid, U.S. Army General, former CENTCOM commander

1952 - Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103), (d. 2012)

1952 - Annette O’Toole, Houston Texas, actress (Cat People, Superman III)

1952 - Billy Currie, rock keyboardist/violinist (Ultravox-We Came to Dance)

1952 - Rey Robinson, US, 100m sprinter (Olympic-1972)

1953 - Barry Sonnenfeld, director (When Harry Met Sally, Big, Misery)

1954 - Jeff Porcaro, LA California, drummer/percussionist (Toto-Roxanne, Africa)

1955 - Stan Ridway, rocker (Wall Of Voodoo)

1962 - Dave Ulliott, English poker player

1965 - John “Jumbo” Elliot, NFL tackle (NY Giants, NY Jets)

1970 - Wes Barnett, St Joseph MO, 238lb (108kg) weightlifter (Oly-6th-92, 96)

1971 - Shinji Nakano, Japanese race car driver

1972 - Allen and Albert Hughes, American film directors

1973 - Rachel Maddow, American radio personality and political analyst

1975 - Kristine Quance, 100m breaststroke/200m medley (Olympics-96)

1975 - Magdalena Maleeva, Sofia Bulgaria, tennis star (1995 Chicago Moscow)

1977 - Haimar Zubeldia, Spanish cyclist

1980 - Bijou Phillips, American actress

1982 - Sam Huntington, actor (Jungle 2 Jungle)

1982 - Gemma Hunt, British children’s television presenter

1989 - Vietoris Krisztián, German racecar driver

 

 

 

Deaths

1085 - Emperor Shenzong of China (b. 1048)

1132 - St-Hugues, Bishop of Grenoble (b. 1053)

1204 - Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of Louis VII & Henry II, dies at 81

1205 - Amalrik II, King of Cyprus/Jerusalem, dies

1528 - Francisco de Peñalosa, Spanish composer

1548 - Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81

1637 - Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571)

1791 - Richard Butler American soldier (b. 1743)

1814 - Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian general/cartographer, dies at 87

1832 - Robert the Hermit, US ex-slave/hermit in Massachusetts, dies

1839 - Benjamin Pierce, American politician (b. 1757)

1870 - Patrick Gass, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98

1872 - William Frederick Horry, English convicted murderer (b. 1843)

1901 - Francois M Raoult, Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70

1916 - Gabrielle Petit, Belgian resistance fighter, executed

1917 - Scott Joplin, ragtime composer (Sting), dies at 48

1930 - Zawditu, 1st reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, dies

1933 - Frederick Lord Chelmsford, viceroy of Brit-Ind (1916-21), dies at 64

1941 - Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian, dies at 81

1946 - Noah Beery, actor (Beau Geste, Cimarron Kid, Mammy), dies at 62

1950 - Charles R Drew, surgeon/developer of blood bank concept, dies at 45

1965 - Henry D G Crerar, Canadian general (WW I, Normandy), dies at 76

1965 - Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics manufacturer (b. 1870)

1968 - Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), dies at 59

1976 - Max Ernst, German/French surrealist painter/sculptor, dies at 85

1981 - D[ennis] F[eltham] Jones, sci-fi author (Colossus), dies at 65

1984 - Marvin Gaye, singer (Sexual Healing), shot to death by his father Marvin Gaye Sr in LA at 44

1991 - Martha Graham, US, choreographer (Appalachian Spring), dies at 96

1993 - Alan Kulwicki, stock car racer, dies in plane crash at 38

1993 - Ihsan Mohamed Salem, [Yunis Awad], Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed

1993 - Juan of Borbon y Battemberg, father of king Juan Carlos I, dies

1994 - Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix, dies at 86

1994 - Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot, dies at 72

1995 - Richard Pool, naval Officer, dies at 75

1995 - H. Adams Carter, American Alpine Club President, 10th Mountain Division trainer (b. 1914)

1997 - Jolie Gabor, mother of Zsa Zsa & Eva, dies at 97

1998 - Rozz Williams, American musician (Christian Death) (b. 1963)

2004 - Aaron Bank, American OSS officer and founder of the US Army Special Forces (b. 1902)

2004 - Carrie Snodgress, American actress (b. 1946)

2010 - John Forsythe, American actor (b. 1918)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

1084 - Anti-pope Clemens crowns German emperor Hendrik IV

1146 - Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.

1492 - Queen Isabella of Castilia & Ferdinand of Aragon expels Jews

1504 - France & Spain signs ceasefire

1521 - Magelhaes takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus

1651 - Great earthquake at Cuzco Peru

1657 - English Humble Petition offers Lord Protector Cromwell the crown

1745 - Jews are expelled from Prague

1822 - The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.

1850 - US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))

1854 - Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US

1861 - Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans

1862 - Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River

1863 - Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA

1865 - Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)

1865 - Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg

1866 - The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.

1870 - 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)

1877 - The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.

1880 - 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)

1889 - 300m Eiffel Tower officially opens (commemorates French Revolution)

1900 - Brig-General Broadwoods troops fall into guerrilla hands

1917 - US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M & renames them Virgin Islands

1918 - 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect

1923 - 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs

1923 - French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die

1930 - The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next thirty eight years.

1933 - Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps

1939 - Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany

1944 - Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars

1945 - US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa

1948 - Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe

1949 - Newfoundland becomes Canada’s 10th province

1951 - US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea

1953 - Department of Health, Education & Welfare established

1954 - US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs Colo, established

1954 - USSR offers to join NATO

1958 - US Navy forms atomic sub division

1959 - Dalai Lama fled China & was granted political asylum in India

1965 - US ordered the 1st combat troops to Vietnam

1966 - 25,000 anti war demonstrators march in NYC

1967 - 1st time Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar (London)

1968 - Pirate Radio Station Pegaus (NZ) begins transmitting

1970 - Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth’s atmosphere (after 12 years in orbit).

1971 - William Calley sentenced to life for Mi Lai Massacre

1973 - Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a 12 round split decision

1975 - John Wooden’s final game, UCLA, wins 10th NCAA championship in 12 yrs

1976 - NJ Court rules Karen Anne Quinlan may be disconnected from respirator

1979 - The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).

1980 - President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry

1982 - Arkas tanker at Montz La, spills 1.47 million gallons of oil

1982 - Rock group Doobie Brothers split up

1986 - English Hampton Court palace destroyed by fire, 1 dead

1988 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Toni Morrison for “Beloved”

1990 - Riots began in London over the new poll tax laws

1991 - Danny Bonaduce attacks a transvestite prostitute in Phoenix Az

1994 - Human evolution: The journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull.

1997 - Pioneer 10, ends its mission

2004 - In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed.

2007 - In Sydney, Australia, 2.2 million people take part in the first Earth Hour.

 

 

 

Births

250 - Constantius Chlorus, Roman Emperor (d. 306)

1360 - Philippa of Lancaster, queen of Portugal (d. 1415)

1499 - Pius IV, [Gianangelo de' Medici], Italian lawyer/pope (1559-65)

1504 - Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru (d. 1552)

1519 - Henry II, King of France (1547-59)

1536 - Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (d. 1565)

1596 - René Descartes, France, philosopher (he thought, therefore he was)

1675 - Benedict XIV, [Prospero L Lambertini], Italy, Pope (1740-58)

1730 - Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)

1732 - Franz Joseph Haydn, Vienna Austria, prominent composer of the classical period (The Creation/Die Schopfung)

1777 - Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (d. 1859)

1778 - Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (d. 1858)

1811 - Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von Bunsen, Germany, chemist (Bunsen Burner)

1831 - Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist

1835 - John La Farge, US painter

1837 - Robert Ross McBurney, 1st paid secretary of the YMCA

1837 - Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1839 - Nikolay Przhevalsky, naturalist, explorer of east central Asia (OS)

1840 - John Herbert Kelly, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1847 - Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)

1854 - Dugald Clerk, inventor (2-stroke motorcycle engine)

1855 - Alfred E. Hunt, founder of Alcoa (d. 1899)

1868 - Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist

1872 - Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev, Russia, dance master (Imperial Ballet)

1878 - Jack Johnson,1st black heavyweight boxing champ (1908-1915)

1884 - Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)

1890 - William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)

1912 - Wilhelmus Berkelmans, civil servant/resistance fighter

1914 - Octavio Paz, Mexico, writer/diplomat (Salamandra, Topoemas)

1915 - Henry Morgan, NYC, comedian/TV panelist (I’ve Got a Secret, Arena)

1915 - Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese military man (d. 1997)

1922 - Patrick J G McGee, North Ireland, actor (Clockwork Orange)

1922 - Richard Kiley, Chicago, actor (Man of La Mancha, Endless Love)

1924 - Leo Buscaglia, LA California, “Dr Hug”, psycholigist (Love)

1926 - John Fowles, England, novelist (Collector, French Leiutenent’s Woman)

1927 - William Daniels, Bkln NY, actor (Dr Mark Craig-St Elsewhere, 1776)

1928 - Gordie Howe, Floral Sask, NHL right wing (Detroit Redwings)

1929 - Liz Claiborne, Brussels Belgium, American fashion designer, entrepreneur and founder of Liz Claiborne Inc (d. 2007)

1932 - John Jakes, Chicago, writer (Sir Scoundrel, Great Women Reporters)

1935 - Herb Alpert, bandleader/trumpeteer (Tijuana Brass)/CEO (A & M)

1935 - Judith Rossner, US, writer (August)

1935 - Richard Chamberlain, Beverly Hills California, actor (Dr Kildare)

1942 - Michael Savage, American talk radio host and commentator

1943 - Christopher Walken, Astoria Queens, actor (Deer Hunter, Brainstorm)

1946 - Al Nichol, Winston Salem NC, rock guitarist/vocalist (Turtles)

1946 - Gabe Kaplan, Bkln NY, comedian/actor (Welcome Back Kotter)

1947 - Al Goodman, rock vocalist (Ray, Goodman, Brown)

1948 - Albert Gore Jr, Wash DC, (Sen-D-Tenn, 1985-92)/45th US VP (1993- )

1948 - Mick Ralphs, rocker

1948 - Rhea Perlman, Brooklyn, actress (Zena-Taxi, Carla-Cheers)

1948 - Thijs van Leer, Dutch singer/flutist (Focus, Introspection)

1950 - Richard Hughes, rocker (Johnny Winter Band)

1951 - Ed Marinaro, NYC, actor (Joe-Hill St Blues, Sonny-Laverne & Shirley)

1953 - Greg Martin, Louisville Ky, singer (Ky Headhunters-Davy Crockett)

1953 - Sean Hopper, California, rock keyboardist (Huey Lewis & The News)

1955 - Angus Young, Glascow Scotland, rock guitarist (AC/DC-Highway to Hell)

1957 - Mary Cadorette, East Hartford Ct, actress (Vicky-3′s a Crowd)

1961 - Ron Brown, LA California, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1964 - Erik Turner, Omaha Nebraska, rock guitarist (Warrant-Cherry Pie)

1965 - Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (d. 2006)

1966 - Natalie Gosselin, Levis Quebec, 52kg judoka (Olympics-96)

1971 - Ewan McGregor, Perth Scotland, Scottish actor (Trainspotting)

1972 - John Godina, Fort Sill Oklahoma, shot putter/discus thrower (Oly-silver-96)

1972 - Kelly O’Leary, Halifax Nova Scotia, kayaker (Olympics-96)

1974 - Carol Ann Plante, actress (Sara Henderson-Harry & the Hendersons)

1980 - Jenny Smith, Western Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1987 - “Baby M” born to a surrogate mother, awarded to her dad William Stern

1987 - Humpy Koneru, Indian chess grandmaster

 

 

 

Deaths

1074 - Regency Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japan (b. 992)

1340 - Ivan I of Moscow, Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1288)

1389 - Everhard Tserclaes, sheriff of Brussels, murdered

1547 - Francis I, King of France (b. 1494)

1567 - Philip, the Generous, count of Hessen, dies at 62

1578 - Juan de Escobedo, sec of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, murdered

1621 - Philip III, King of Spain (1598-1621), dies at 42

1631 - John Donne, Metaphysical poet, dies (birth date unknown)

1727 - Isaac Newton, English physicist/astronomer, dies in London at 84

1850 - John Calhoun, dies at 68

1855 - Charlotte Bronte, English author (Jane Eyre), dies at 38

1901 - John Stainer, composer, dies at 60

1913 - John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/CEO (US Steel Corp), dies at 75

1931 - Knute Rockne, football player/coach, dies in a plane crash at 43

1944 - Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies

1945 - Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), dies at 63

1945 - Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45

1970 - Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WW II), dies at 75

1978 - Charles Best, Canadian medical scientist (b. 1899)

1986 - Harry Ritz, comedian/actor (Ritz Brothers), dies at 79

1986 - O’Kelly Isley, US, singer (Isley Brothers), dies of heart attack at 48

1991 - John Carter, US jazz clarinetist (Roots & folklore), dies

1993 - Brandon Lee, US actor (Crow)/son of Bruce Lee, accidentally shot at 28

1995 - Selena, Mexican Grammy winning singer, killed by a fan at 24

1996 - Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer, dies at 91

1998 - Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)

2005 - Frank Perdue, American poultry farmer (b. 1920)

2005 - Terri Schiavo, American figure in right to die case (b. 1963)

2006 - Jackie McLean, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1931 or 1932)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

240 BC - 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.

804 - Liudger becomes 1st bishop of Munster

988 - Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes earl of Flanders

1282 - The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers.

1296 - Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.

1422 - Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple

1492 - King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella sign decree expelling Jews from Spain

1603 - Battle at Mellifont: English army under Lord Mountjoy beats Irish

1778 - Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath

1814 - Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon.

1842 - Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)

1856 - Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War

1858 - Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Phila)

1864 - Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas

1865 - -4] Battle at 5 Forks Virginia

1867 - US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 (2 cents an acre – Seward’s Folly)

1870 - 15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race

1870 - Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union

1870 - Florida territorial government established.

1885 - The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.

1895 - British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford and Cambridge boat race

1909 - Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens

1910 - Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi.

1911 - Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 m) completed

1919 - Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

1923 - Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard U in 1920, incorporates

1939 - The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.

1939 - First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway.

1941 - German counter offensive in North-Africa

1942 - 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau

1942 - SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp

1944 - 781 British bombers attack Neurenberg

1945 - 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund

1945 - USSR invades Austria during WW II

1945 - World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.

1949 - Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.

1950 - Phototransistor invention announced, Murray Hill, NJ

1953 - Einstein announces revised unified field theory

1961 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600′ (51,690 m)

1961 - The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.

1964 - Astronaut John Glenn withdraws from Ohio senate race

1965 - Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.

1970 - USSR wins its 8th straight world hockey championship

1972 - North Vietnamese troops enter South Vietnam

1979 - Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.

1981 - Pres Reagan shot & wounded by John W Hinckley III

1984 - US ends participation in multinational Lebanon peace force

1987 - Vincent van Goghs “Sunflowers” sells for record 22.5M pounds ($39.7 million)

1990 - Jack Nicklaus made his debut in the “Seniors” golf tournament

1991 - William Kennedy Smith allegedly rapes a woman (found not guilty)

2006 - Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space.

2006 - UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.

2012 - Spanish Government cuts 27 Billion Euros from its budget in one of its toughest austerity driver in history

2012 - Mastercard and Visa announce a massive breach in security with over ten million compromised credit card numbers

2012 - American Mega Millions lottery hits a world record lottery amount of 640 million dollars

 

 

 

Births

1135 - Maimonedes, philosopher (d. 1204)

1326 - Ivan II of Russia, Grand Duke of Muscovy (d. 1359)

1432 - Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1481)

1674 - Jethro Tull, agricultural writer (Basildon), baptised

1697 - John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor

1719 - John Hawkins, England, wrote 1st history of music

1746 - Francisco Jose de Goya, Fuendetodos Spain, painter/etcher (Naked Maja)

1790 - Joseph Smith, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877

1820 - Anna Sewell, British author (d. 1878)

1823 - Joseph Farmer Knipe, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901

1824 - Innis Newton Palmer, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1825 - Samuel Bell Maxey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

1853 - Vincent van Gogh, Groot-Zundert, Netherlands, artist, painter and pioneer of Expressionism (The Potato Eaters, Irises)

1857 - Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)

1865 - Heinrich Rubens, German physicist

1883 - Jo Davidson, US, sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman)

1892 - Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)

1894 - Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin)

1899 - Irving Thalberg, US producer (MGM)

1902 - Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (d. 2007)

1905 - Mikio Oda, Japan, triple jumper (Olympic-gold-1928)

1905 - Albert Pierrepoint, English executioner (d. 1992)

1910 - Józef Marcinkiewicz, mathematician (d. 1940)

1913 - Frankie Laine, Chicago Ill, actor (Frankie Laine Show, Rawhide)

1913 - Gottfried Reinhardt, theatre producer

1913 - Richard Helms, CIA head (1966-73)

1914 - Sonny Boy Williamson, [John Lee], blues musician (Down & Out Blues)

1919 - McGeorge Bundy, Boston, national security adviser (JFK)

1920 - Turhan Bey, Vienna Austria, actor (Dragon Seed, Ali Baba & 40 Thieves)

1921 - Countess of Sutherland, English great land owner/multi-millionaire

1922 - J F Coates, naval architect

1928 - Richard Trant, Brit general

1929 - Richard Dysart, Brighton Mass, actor (Leland MacKenzie-LA Law)

1929 - Shirley Stoler, Brooklyn NY, actress (Frankenhooker, 7 Beauties)

1930 - John Astin, Balt Md, actor (I’m Dickens He’s Fenster, Addams Family)

1931 - Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut

1931 - Harold Burrage, US singer/pianist (Hi Yo Silver)

1937 - Warren Beatty, Richmond Va, actor (Bonnie & Clyde,Shampoo, Dick Tracy)

1941 - Sven Hamrin, Sweden, road race cycler (Olympic-bronze-1964)

1942 - Graeme Edge, England, rock drummer (Moody Blues-Your Wildest Dreams)

1945 - Eric Clapton, Ripley England, singer/guitarist (Tears in Heaven)

1948 - Dave Ball, rocker (Procul Harum)

1948 - Jim Dandy Mangrum, vocalist (Black Oak Arkansas-Jim Dandy)

1949 - Sue Cook, British broadcaster

1949 - Naomi Sims, American fashion model and businesswoman

1950 - Rupert Greenall, rock keyboardist (Fixx)

1950 - Robbie Coltrane, Scottish actor and comedian

1951 - John Gosden, racehorse trainer

1957 - Paul Reiser, NYC, actor (My 2 Dads, Diner, Aliens, Mad About You)

1960 - William D Johnson, US alpine skier

1961 - Doug Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1999)

1962 - M C Hammer, [Stanley Kirk Burrell], Oakland Ca, rapper (Hammer Time)

1966 - Efstratios Grivas, Greek chess grandmaster and author

1967 - Ian Ziering, West Orange NJ, actor (Steve Sanders-Beverly Hills 90210)

1968 - Celine Dion, Quebec Canada, singer (I’m Your Woman)

1968 - Donna D’Errico, Dothan AL, playmate (Sep, 1995)

1970 - Secretariat, American racehorse (d. 1989)

1979 - Norah Jones, American singer and pianist

 

 

 

Deaths

988 - Arnulf II, count of Flanders (965-988), dies

1202 - Joachim Van Fiore, Italian religious founder (Joachimism), dies

1486 - Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury

1540 - Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg (b. 1469)

1559 - Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)

1662 - François le Métel de Boisrobert, French poet (b. 1592)

1707 - Vauban, French architect (b. 1633)

1783 - William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)

1840 - George (Beau) Brummell, Dandy, dies

1925 - Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64

1926 - Feliks E Dzerzjinski, Lithuanian organizer (KGB), dies at 48

1949 - Friedrich C R Bergius, chemist (brown coal, Nobel 1931), dies at 64

1961 - P J Melotte, discovered Jupiter’s 8th satellite Pasiphae, dies

1965 - Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)

1966 - Maxfield Parrish, US painter, dies at 95

1969 - Lucien Bianchi, Belgian auto racer, dies at 34

1979 - Airey Neave, British MP (Conservatives), killed by terrorist bomb

1981 - Dewitt Wallace, US founder (Reader’s Digest), dies at 91

1984 - Peter Yarrall, strongest Englishman/weighed 826 lb (374.7 kg), dies

1986 - James Cagney, actor (Yankee Doodle Dandy), dies in NY at 86

1994 - Albert Goldman, rock biographer (Elvis, John Lennon), dies at 66

2004 - Alistair Cooke, English-born journalist (b. 1908)

2008 - Dith Pran, The Killing Fields Photographer (b. 1942)

2008 - David Leslie, Touring Car Driver (b. 1953)

2008 - Richard Lloyd, Racing Car Driver (b. 1945)

2010 - Martin Sandberger, German military officer (b. 1911)

2012 - Viktor Kosichkin, Russian speed skater and Olympic gold medalist, dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

502 - Bourgundy King Gundobar delegates royal power

1461 - Battle near Towton Field, 33,000 die (War of the Roses)

1549 - The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded.

1638 - 1st permanent white settlement in Delaware (Swedish Lutherans)

1792 - King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm’s Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.

1795 - Beethoven (24) debuts as pianist in Vienna

1798 - Republic of Switzerland forms

1804 - Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti

1806 - Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.

1827 - 20,000 attend Ludwig von Beethovens burial in Vienna

1847 - 12,000 US troops capture Vera Cruz, Mexico

1848 - Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam

1849 - Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India

1850 - Ireland’s SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die

1852 - Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 & women to work more than 10 hours a day

1864 - Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia Arkansas

1865 - -Apr 9th], Appomattox campaign, VA , 7582 killed

1865 - Battle of Quaker Road, VA

1867 - Congress approves Lincoln Memorial

1882 - Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men

1886 - Chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise for Coca-Coke

1912 - Capt Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary “the end cannot be far”

1930 - Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.

1932 - Jack Benny debuts on radio, on Ed Sullivan’s New York interview program

1935 - French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage

1936 - 10,000 watch the 200″ mirror blank passing through Indianapolis

1940 - Joe Louis KOs Johnny Paycheck in 2 to retain heavyweight boxing title

1942 - British cruiser Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea

1942 - British destroyer Campbeltown explodes in St-Nazaire: 400 Germans die

1942 - The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.

1943 - Meat, butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II

1943 - Meat rationed in US (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI’s

1945 - World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.

1949 - Turkey recognizes Israel

1951 - Julius & Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of spying

1958 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss

1958 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins

1959 - “Some Like it Hot” with Marilyn Monroe & Jack Lemmon premieres

1961 - 23rd Amendment ratified, allows Wash DC residents to vote for pres

1966 - Muhammad Ali beats George Chuvalo in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1971 - 1st Lt William L Calley Jr found guilty in My Lai (Vietnam) massacre

1971 - Chile president Allende nationalizes banks/copper mines

1973 - US troops leave Vietnam, 9 yrs after Tonkin Resolution

1974 - Mariner 10′s, 1st fly-by of Mercury, returns photos

1976 - 8 Ohio National Guardsmen indicted for shooting 4 Kent State students

1981 - Tiina Lehtola ski jumps female record 110m

1984 - NFL Baltimore Colts move to Indianapolis

1985 - Wayne Gretzky breaks own NHL season record with 126th assist

1987 - Wrestlemania III-93,173 watch Hulk Hogan beat Andre the Giant

1989 - 1st US private commercial rocket makes suborbital test flight (NM)

1989 - I M Pei’s pyramidal entrance to the Louvre opens in Paris

1989 - Michael Milken, junk bond king, indicted in NY for racketeering

1992 - Ice Dance Championship at Oakland won by Klimova & Ponomarenko (CIS)

1992 - Ice Pairs Championship at Oakland won by Mishuktienok & Dmitriev (CIS)

1992 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Oak won by Kristi Yamaguchi (USA)

1992 - Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Oakland won by Viktor Petrenko (CIS)

1999 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever.

2004 - Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.

2004 - The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.

2010 - Two female suicide bombers hit the Moscow Metro system at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40.

 

 

 

Births

1484 - Johann Spangenberg, composer

1519 - Carlo Caraffa, Italian cardinal

1553 - Vitsentzos Kornaros, Greek Renaissance poet (d. 1613 or 1614)

1561 - Santorio Sanctorius, Trieste Italy, physician/burned at stake/heretic

1584 - Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (d. 1648)

1602 - John Lightfoot, English theologist/literary (Horae Hebraicae)

1668 - Thomas Coram, Founder of the Foundling Hospital (d. 1751)

1790 - John Tyler, Va, (D/W) 10th Pres (1841-1845)

1816 - James Gallant Spears, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869

1819 - Edwin Drake, drilled 1st productive US oil well

1821 - Joshua Thomas Owen, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1887

1824 - Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (d. 1899)

1829 - Ritta & Christina, Siamese twins, in Sardinia

1829 - Robert Emmet Rodes, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1867 - Cy [Denton True] Young, Gilmore Ohio, baseball pitcher (511 wins, 1890-1911). Died 1955

1869 - Ales Hrdlicka, US, anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)

1869 - Edwin Lutyens, architect, London

1900 - Bill Aston, British racing driver (d. 1974)

1911 - Philip Ahn, LA California, actor (Master Kan-Kung Fu)

1916 - Eugene J McCarthy, Watkins Minn, (Sen-D-Minn, pres candidate 1968)

1917 - Man O’War, racehorse (winner of 20 out of 21 races & $249,465)

1918 - Pearl Bailey, Newport News Va, singer (Hello Dolly)

1918 - Sam Walton, billionaire CEO (Wal-Mart) (d. 1992)

1927 - John McLaughlin, TV commentator (McLaughlin Group)

1928 - Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (d. 2005)

1931 - Evelyn de Rothschild, English banker/multi-millionaire

1932 - William Charette, Ludington, Michigan, United States Navy Hospital Corpsman and Medal of Honor recipient, (d. 2012)

1937 - Billy Carter, Plains Georgia, brother of Pres Carter

1939 - Nancy Kwan, Hong Kong, actress (Flower Drum Song, Night Creature)

1943 - Eric Idle, England, comedian/actor (Monty Python)

1943 - Vangelis, [Papathanasiou], composer/keyboardist (Chariots of Fire)

1943 - Sir John Major, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

1945 - Walt “Clyde” Frazier, NBA guard (NY Knicks)

1947 - Bobby Kimball, [Robert Toteaux], Vinton LA, rocker (Toto-Roseann)

1948 - Bud Cort, New Rochelle NY, actor/director (Electric Dreams, M*A*S*H)

1949 - Michael Brecker, rocker (Brecker Brothers)

1952 - Teofilo Stevenson, Cuba, heavyweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1972, 76, 80), (d. 2012)

1954 - Karen Anne Quinlan, NJ, famous comatose patient (right to die case)

1955 - Earl Campbell, NFL running back (Houston, New Orleans, 1977 Heisman)

1956 - Kurt Thomas, US, gymnist (Olympics), actor (Gymkata)

1959 - Marina Sirtis, London, actress (Troi-Star Trek: The Next Generation)

1959 - Perry Farrell, American musician, (Jane’s Addiction, Porno For Pyros)

1961 - Amy Sedaris, American actress and comedian

1961 - Gary Brabham, Australian racing driver

1964 - Elle MacPherson, Sydney, Austrailian super model and actress (Sirens)

1964 - Jill Goodacre Connick, Lubbock Texas, model (Victoria Secrets)

1967 - John Popper, American musician

1968 - Sue Foley, Canadian singer and guitarist

1968 - Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer

1973 - Brad Bridgewater, US, 200m backstroke (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 - Jennifer Capriati, Long Is NY, tennis pro (Oly-gold-92)

 

 

 

Deaths

1058 - Stephen IX, [Frederik van Lotharingen], 1st Belgium Pope (1057-58), dies

1368 - Emperor Go-Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 1328)

1461 - Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (b. 1421)

1546 - Cardinal Beaton, English archbishop of St Andrews, murdered

1578 - Arthur Champernowne, English admiral (b. 1524)

1625 - Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)

1650 - Cornelis Galle I, Flemish engraver, dies at about 73

1683 - Yaoya Oshichi, a young girl burned at the stake for arson in 17th Century Japan (b. 1667)

1745 - Robert Walpole, 1st British premier (1722-42), dies at 68

1751 - Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist

1772 - Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)

1792 - Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-92), dies of wounds

1794 - Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet, mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50

1800 - Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (b. 1714)

1848 - John Jacob Astor, charted American Fur Company, dies at 84

1873 - Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian physicist (b. 1797)

1891 - Georges Seurat, French painter (Pointillism), dies at 31

1912 - Robert Falcon Scott, British pole explorer, dies in Antarctica at 43

1934 - Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)

1945 - Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79

1980 - … Mantovani, orchestra leader (Mantovani), dies at 74

1982 - Nathan Twining, USAF general (b. 1897)

1990 - Germaine Montenesdro, 2nd victim of NYC’s Zodiac killer, shot dead

1991 - Lee Atwater, political strategists (R), dies of brain tumor at 40

1994 - Paul Grimault, animator, dies at 89

1995 - James Eric Storrar, fighter Pilot, dies at 74

1999 - Joe Williams, American singer (b. 1918)

2001 - John Lewis, American jazz pianist (b. 1920)

2005 - Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (b. 1937)

2005 - Mitch Hedberg, American comedian (b. 1968)

2007 - Calvin Lockhart, Bahamian actor (b. 1934)

2009 - Maurice Jarre, French composer (b.1924)

2012 - Bill Jenkins, American Hall of Fame drag racer and engineer, dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

37 - Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.

193 - Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.

364 - Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor.

845 - Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.

1535 - Bloemkamp Abbey (Oldeklooster) attacked & destroyed

1738 - English parliament declares war on Spain (War of Jenkin’s Ear)

 

 

 

1774 - Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts

 

 

intolerable acts

 

 

 

 

1776 - Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.

1794 - Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)

1794 - Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau.

1796 - Bethel African Methodist Church of Phila is 1st US-African church

1797 - Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine

1799 - NY State abolished slavery

1802 - Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid known to man.

1804 - Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804

1809 - Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.

1834 - Senate censure Pres Jackson for taking fed deposits from Bank of US

1845 - Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US

1854 - During the Crimean War, Britain & France declare war on Russia

 

 

 

1860 - First Taranaki WarThe Battle of Waireka begins.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862 - Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia

1866 - 1st ambulance goes into service

1881 - Greatest Show On Earth was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey

1885 - US Salvation Army officially organized

1891 - 1st world weightlifting championship held

1902 - 27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)

1905 - Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used

1910 - 1st seaplane, takes off from water at Martinques France (Henri Fabre)

1917 - Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities

1922 - 1st microfilm device introduced

1930 - Constantinople & Angora changes names to Istanbul & Ankara

1933 - German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler

1935 - Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket

1939 - Dutch hunter shoots English bombers down

1939 - Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco

1942 - British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire

1945 - Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London

1952 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright

1952 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1960 - Scottish factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters (Glasgow Scotland)

1962 - Military coup in Syria, President Nazim al-Kudsi flees

1967 - UN Sect General U Thant makes public proposals for peace in Vietnam

1972 - Wilt Chamberlain plays his last pro basketball game

1979 - Major nuclear accident at 3 Mile Island, Middletown, Pa (no deaths)

1981 - Christa Rothenburger skates ladies world record 500 m 40.18 sec)

1981 - Yevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (36.91 secs)

1982 - JN Duartes christian-democrats win elections in El Salvador

1985 - International Cometary Explorer measures solar wind ahead of Halley

1986 - Extremist Sikhs kill 13 hindus in Ludhiana India

1989 - New Zealand wins America’s Cup over Stars & Stripes, in a NY court

1990 - Michael Jordan scores 69 points, 4th time he scores 60 pts in a game

1990 - President Bush awards Jesse Owen the Congressional Gold Medal

1993 - Type II supernova detected in M81 (NGC 3031)

1994 - Armed Zulus demonstrate in Johannesburg, over 53 killed

1994 - Italy’s right-wing alliance under Silvio Berlusconi wins election

2000 - A Murray County, Georgia, school bus is hit by a CSX freight train (3 children die in this accident).

2003 - In a “friendly fire” incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the United States Idaho Air National Guard’s 190th Fighter Squadron attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing British soldier Matty Hull.

2005 - The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the second strongest earthquake since 1960.

2006 - At least 1 million union members, students and unemployed take to the streets in France in protest at the government’s proposed First Employment Contract law.

 

 

 

Births

1468 - Charles I, Duke of Savoy

1472 - Fra Bartolomeo/Fra Bartolommeo , monk, Florentine Renaissance painter (d. 1517)

1483 - Raphael, Urbino Italy, painter (School of Athens)

1515 - Theresa of Avila/Teresa de Jesus, Spanish mystic writer/saint

1522 - Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (d. 1557)

1599 - Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (d. 1658)

1613 - Xiaozhuangwen Grand Empress Dowager, Empress of Manchu (d. 1688)

1615 - Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent/diplomat

1652 - Samuel Sewall, American magistrate (d. 1730)

1729 - Pieter Fouquet, Dutch art seller (Atlas of Fouquet)

1750 - Francisco A G de Miranda, Venezuelan freedom fighter

1773 - Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (d. 1844)

1818 - Wade Hampton, SC, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1902

1819 - Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (d. 1891)

1836 - Frederick Pabst, American brewer (d. 1904)

1840 - Mehemed Emin Pasja, German explorer/governor (Equatoria)

1842 - William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)

1868 - Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire, Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths)

1899 - August Anheuser Busch, Jr., brewing magnate and American baseball executive (d. 1989)

 

 

 

1905 - Marlin PerkinsCarthage MoTV host (Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 - Herbert “Herb” Hall, clarinetist/saxophonist

1907 - “Swifty” Lazar, American talent agent (d. 1993)

1909 - Nelson Algren, US, novelist (Man with the Golden Arm)

1911 - J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language (d. 1960)

1912 - A[rthur] Bertram Chandler, UK, sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space)

1914 - Kenneth Richard Norris, Australian entomologist (d. 2003)

1921 - Dirk Bogarde (born Derek van den Bogaerde) London England, actor (Death in Venice, Servant)

1922 - Joey Maxim, American boxer (d. 2001)

1924 - Freddie Bartholomew, England, actor (Anna Karenina, David Copperfield)

1928 - Zbigniew Brzezinski, Warsaw, national security advisor (Carter)

1929 - Paul England, Australian racing driver

1936 - Mario Vargas Llosa, Peru, writer (Aunt Julia)/pres candidate

1940 - J Michael Plumb, Islip NY, equestrian (Oly-2 gold/4 silver-1976,84)

1941 - Charlie McCoy, Oak Hill WV, harmonica player (Hee Haw)

1944 - Rick Barry, ABA/NBA forward (NY Nets, Golden State Warriors)

1946 - Wubbo Ockels, Dutch physicist and astronaut

1948 - Dianne Wiest, KC MO, actress (Hannah & Her Sisters, Footloose)

1948 - John Evans, (Aka Evan) rock drummer (Jethro Tull)

1949 - Milan Williams, US keyboardist (Commodores-Three Times a Lady)

1949 - Ronnie Ray Smith, 4 X 100m relay runner (Olympic-gold-1968)

1955 - Reba McEntire, McAlester Ok, country singer (Can’t Even Get the Blues)

1957 - Harvey Glance, Pheonix City Ala, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1976)

1958 - Bart Wayne Conner, Morton Grove Ill, gymnist (Olympic-2 gold-1984)

1963 - Bernice King, daughter of Martin Luther King Jr

1963 - Therese Washtock, Vancouver BC, 3 day equestrian (Olympics-96)

1965 - Jeff Beukeboom, Ajax, NHL defenseman (NY Rangers)

1968 - Teee Williams, LA California, volleyball outside hitter (Oly-bronze-92, 96)

1969 - Salt, rocker (Salt ‘n’ Pepa-Shake Ya Thang)

1969 - Brett Ratner, American film director

 

 

 

1969 - Rodney AtkinsAmerican country music singer-songwriter

 

Rodney-Atkins

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1970 - Vince Vaughn, Minneapolis, Minnesota, American actor (Swingers, Wedding Crashers)

1972 - Jonathan Edwards, Boston Mass, doubles luger (Olympics-1994)

1975 - Derek Hill, American racing driver

1981 - Julia Stiles, New York City, NY, American actress (Bourne series, Save the Last Dance)

1986 - Lady Gaga [Stefani Germanotta], New York, singer/songwriter (Bad Romance)

1986 - J-Kwon, American rapper

 

 

 

Deaths

193 - Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman Emperor (192-93), assassinated

593 - Guntram, French king in Burgundy, dies at about 67

1072 - Ordulf, Duke of Saxony

1134 - Stefanus Harding, 3rd abbott of Côteaux/saint, dies

1239 - Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (b. 1180)

1285 - Pope Martin IV (Simon de Brion), reigned 1281-85.

1563 - Heinrich Glarean, Swiss music theorist (b. 1488)

1673 - Adam Pijnacker, Dutch landscape painter/etcher, buried at 51

1677 - Wenzel Hollar, Bohemia cartoonist/etcher, dies at about 69

1712 - Jan van der Heyden, Dutch inventor (street lantern), dies at 75

1758 - Jonathan Edwards, US theologist (Great Awakening), dies at 54

1799 - Etta L J “baronne” Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55

1801 - Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66

1840 - Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, dies at 89

1863 - James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brig-general, dies at 52

 

 

 

1870 - George Henry ThomasAmerican Civil War general (b. 1816)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1910 - David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1837)

1941 - Virginia Woolf-Stephen [Adeline] , author (To Lighthouse), dies from suicide at 59

1944 - Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75

1953 - James Francis Thorpe, decathelete (Olympic-gold-12), dies at 64

 

 

 

1958 - William Christopher HandyUS conductor/composer (St Louis Blues), dies at 84 in New York

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1969 - Dwight D Eisenhower34th pres/gen (WW 2), dies in Washington at 78

dwight-d-eisenhower-circa1956

 

 

 

 

 

 

1974 - Arthur CrudupAmerican blues singer and guitaristdies of heart attack at 68

 

Arthur_Crudup

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

1979 - Emmett Kelly, circus clown (Weary Willy), dies at 80

1980 - Jesse Owens, (Oly-gold-36), dies at the age of 66

1982 - William Giauque, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)

1985 - Marc Chagall, French painter, dies at 97

1994 - Eugene Ionesco, playwright (Rhinoceros, Bald Soprano), dies at 84

1996 - Charles Barnet “Roscoe” Harvey, soldier, dies at 95

1999 - Freaky Tah, American rapper (Lost Boyz) (b. 1971)

2004 - Art James, American game show host (b. 1929)

 

 

 

2004 - Peter UstinovBritish actor (b. 1921)

 

 

peter ustinov2

 

 

 

 

2006 - Caspar Weinberger, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1917)

2006 - Proinsias Ó Maonaigh, Irish musician (b. 1922)

2010 - June Havoc, American actress (b. 1913)

2012 - Earl Scruggs, American bluegrass musician, dies from natural causes at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

196 BC - Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt.

1309 - Pope Clement V excommunicates Venice and all its population.

1329 - Pope John XXII issues his ‘In Agro Dominico’ condemning some writings of Meister Eckhart as heretical.

 

 

 

1513 - Spaniard Juan Ponce de Leon discovers Florida

 

 

 

 

 

1599 - Robert Devereux becomes lt-general of Ireland

1613 - The first English child born in Canada at Cuper’s Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.

1625 - Charles I, King Of England, Scotland & Ireland, ascends English throne

1709 - Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)

1758 - Battle at Emmerich: British army floats around France the Rhine

1790 - The modern shoestring (string and shoe holes) invented in England

1794 - The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.

1802 - Treaty of Amiens-French Revolutionary War ends

 

 

 

1814 - Battle at Horseshoe BendGeneral Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Stickspart of the Creek Indian tribe near Dadeville, Alabama

 

 

 

 

 

1836 - 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland Ohio)

1841 - 1st US steam fire engine tested, NYC

1848 - John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster

1849 - Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill

1855 - Abraham Gesner patents kerosene

1860 - M L Byrn patents “covered gimlet screw with a ‘T’ handle” (corkscrew)

1863 - President Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

1865 - Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals

1866 - Andrew Rankin patents the urinal

1866 - Pres Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amend

1879 - Longest championship fight (136 rounds)

1881 - Rioting takes place in Basingstoke in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army.

1884 - 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY

1890 - A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.

1906 - Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba

1910 - Fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, killed 312

1912 - 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Wash DC

1914 - 1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels)

1928 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson

1928 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

1929 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson

1929 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

1931 - Charlie Chaplin receives France’s distinguished Legion of Honor

1933 - Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson & Eric William Fawcett

 

 

 

1938 - The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.

 

Chinese soldiers in house-to-house fighting in...

Chinese soldiers in house-to-house fighting in Battle of Taierzhuang. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

1940 - Himmler orders building of Auschwitz concentration camp, at Katowice

1941 - Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years

1941 - Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)

1942 - -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire

1942 - Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 6 to retain heavyweight boxing title (NYC)

1943 - Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio

1943 - US begins assault on Fondouk-pass, Tunisia

1944 - 1,000 Jews leave Drancy France for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

1944 - 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania

1944 - 40 Jewish policemen in Riga Latvia ghetto are shot by the gestapo

1944 - Children’s Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno

1945 - Ella Fitzgerald & Delta Rhythm Boys record “It’s Only a Paper Moon”

1945 - Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

1945 - Iwo Jima occupied, after 22,000 Japanese & 6,000 US killed

1945 - US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden

1945 - World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan’s ports and waterways begins.

1950 - Jazz pianist, Erroll Garner’s solo concert (Cleve OH)

 

 

 

1952 - Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records

 

sun-records

 

 

 

 

 

1955 - Steve McQueen makes his network TV debut (Goodyear Playhouse)

1956 - French commandos land in Algeria

1958 - CBS Labs announce new stereophonic records

1964 - 1st true Pirate Radio station, Radio Caroline (England)

1964 - Great Train Robbers sentenced to a total of 307 years behind bars

1966 - Anit Vietnam war demonstrations in US, Europe & Australia

1968 - Suharto succeeds Sukarno as president of Indonesia

1971 - 33rd NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Villanova 68-62 UCLA wins their 5th consecutive NCAA basketball title

1972 - Adolph Rupp retires after 42 years of coaching U of Kentucky

1972 - Venera 8 launched to Venus

1973 - Jerry Garcia (Grateful Dead) stopped for speeding & LSD possession

1977 - 583 die in aviation’s worst disaster KLM-Pan Am 747 crash on Tenerife

1979 - Supreme Court rules, 8-1, cops can’t randomly stop cars

1980 - Elevator in Vaal Reef S Afr gold mine crash 1900m down (23 die)

1980 - Mount St Helens becomes active after 123 years

1983 - Larry Holmes beats Lucien Rodriguez in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1985 - Billy Dee Williams receives a star on Hollywood Walk of Fame

1986 - Disney-MGM Studio Tour ground breaking

1988 - Ice Dance Championship at Budapest won by Bestemianova & Bukin (URS)

1988 - Ice Pairs Championship at Budapest won by E Valova & O Vasiliev (URS)

1988 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Budapest won by Katarina Witt (GDR)

1988 - Men’s Figure Skating Champions in Budapest won by Brian Boitano (USA)

1990 - Bus accidentally touches high voltage wire in Karagpur India; 21 die

1990 - The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime.

1991 - New Kid Donnie Wahlberg, arrested on arson charges in Kentucky

1994 - Church in Piedmont Alabama collapses in tornado, 19 killed

 

 

 

1994 - The Eurofighter takes its first flight in ManchingGermany

 

 

 

 

 

1997 - 39 cult memebers in California commit mass suicide (Hale-Bopp)

1997 - Martin Luther King’s son meets with James Earl Ray

2000 - Phillips explosion of 2000 kills 1 and injures 71 in Pasadena, Texas.

2002 - Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.

2004 - HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.

2006 - The United Nations Commission on Human Rights holds its final meeting.

2009 - Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, fails killing at least 99 people.

2134 - 32nd recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

 

 

 

Births

972 - King Robert II of France (d. 1031)

1416 - Antonio Squarcialupi, composer

1554 - Everhardus van Bronchorst, Dutch lawyer

1676 - Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg (d. 1735)

1712 - Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (d. 1779)

1746 - Carlo Bonaparte, Corsican attorney/father of emperor Napoleon

1760 - MJ Auguste Vestrius, French ballet dancers

1765 - Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist

1797 - Alfred V Comte de Vigny, French musketeer/writer (Moise, Chatterton)

 

 

 

1813 - Nathaniel Currierlithographer (Currier & Ives)

 

 

 

 

 

1817 - Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss biologist (d. 1891)

1823 - Samuel Kosciusko Zook, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers)

1844 - Alophus Washington Greely, US, Arctic explorer

1845 - Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen, Germany, discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901)

1847 - Otto Wallach, Germany, chemist (Nobel 1910)

1857 - Karl Pearson, London England, mathematician

1863 - Henry Royce, automobile founder (Rolls-Royce)

1886 - Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, German/US architect (Bauhaus)

1886 - Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader (d. 1934)

1897 - Douglas Hartree, English mathematician and physicist

1899 - Gloria Swanson, Chicago Illinois, American actress (Sunset Boulevard, Queen Kelly)

1901 - Wilhelm Conrad von Roentgen, physicist (Nobel)

1901 - Carl Barks, American illustrator (d. 2000)

1902 - Mary Armour, artist

1905 - Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (d. 1980)

1906 - Pee Wee Russell, American musician (d. 1969)

1914 - Budd Schulberg, NYC, novelist (On the Waterfront)

1914 - Snooky Lanson, Memphis Tn, singer (Your Hit Parade, 5 Star Jubilee)

1915 - Selma Rubin, Toledo, Ohio, environmental activist (Earth Day co-founder), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1924 - Sarah L VaughanNewark NJjazz/scat singer (Broken Hearted Melody)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 - Anthony Lewis, columnist (NY Times)/author (Gideon’s Trumpet)

1930 - David Janssen, [Meyer], Naponee Nebraska, actor (Fugitive, Harry O)

1931 - R P Bauman, CEO (British Aerospace)

1932 - Wes Covington, baseball player (Philadelphia Phillies)

1933 - DRG Andrews, CEO (Land Rover-Leyland)

 

 

 

1937 - Johnny “Clyde” CopelandUS blues guitarist/singer (Lion’s Den)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1938 - A J Bellingham, president (Royal College of Pathologists)

1938 - Jock Slater, admiral

 

 

 

1939 - Cale Yarboroughauto racer (Daytona 500-196877, 83, 84)

 

 

 

 

 

1939 - Judy Carne, comedienne (Laugh-In, Love on a Rooftop)

1941 - Liese Prokop, Austria, pentathlete (Olympic-silver-1968)

1942 - Michael York, England, actor (Cabaret, Logan’s Run, 3 Musketeers)

1942 - John E. Sulston, British chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1943 - Phil Frank, American cartoonist (d. 2007)

1950 - Tony Banks, rock keyboardist (Genesis-Against All Odds)

1952 - Maria Schneider, Paris, actress (Last Tango in Paris, Crime of Honor)

1953 - Pamela Roylance, Seattle Wash, actress (Sarah-Little House on Prairie)

1955 - Kim Brassey, racehorse trainer

1956 - Thomas Wassberg, Sweden, 15K/50K cross country skier (Oly-gold-1980)

1957 - Billy MacKenzie, rock vocalist (The Associates-Affectionate Punch)

1957 - Duncan Goodhew, England, 100m breast stroke swimmer (Oly-Gold-1980)

1958 - Bart Connor, gymnast/sportscaster (Olympic-gold-1984)

1960 - Jennifer Grey, actress (Dirty Dancing); Joel Grey’s daughter

1961 - Tak Matsumoto, Japanese guitarist (B’z)

1963 - Quentin Tarantino, director/screenwriter (Pulp Fiction)

1963 - Randall Cunningham, NFL QB (Philadelphia Eagles, Minnesota Vikings)

1963 - Todd Graves, Laurel Miss, skeet (Olympics-1992, 96)

 

 

 

1967 - Talisa Soto, [Miriam], Brooklyn NYactress (License to Kill)

 

 

 

 

 

1968 - Irina Belova, Russian pentathelete (world record 1992)

1970 - Brendan Hill, British drummer (Blues Traveler)

1970 - Princess Leila of Iran (d. 2001)

1970 - Elizabeth Mitchell, American actress

1971 - Mariah Carey, NYC, singer (Love Takes Time, Hero)

1973 - Serge Tremblay, La Malbaie Quebec, weightlifter (Olympics-96)

1977 - Vitor Meira, Brazilian racing driver

1982 - Kurara Chibana, Japanese beauty queen, first runner-up Miss Universe 2006

1984 - Emily Ann Lloyd, actress (Sarah Kramer-Something So Right)

1985 - Caroline Winberg, Swedish supermodel

1988 - Brenda Song, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

710 - Rupert of Salzburg

922 - Al-Hallaj al-Mughith-al-Hsayn Mansur, Persian mystic, beheaded at 64

965 - Arnulf I, the Elder/the Great, count of Flanders (918-65), dies

973 - Herman, Duke of Saxony

1378 - Gregory XI, [Pierre R the Beaufort], last French Pope (1370-78), dies

1462 - Vasili II of Russia, Grand Prince of Moscow (b. 1415)

1482 - Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and his successor, dies falling off her horse (b. 1457)

1555 - William Hunter, Protestant martyr

1572 - Girolamo Maggi, Italian Renaissance man (b. abt. 1523)

1625 - James I Stuart, king of Scotland (1567)/England (1603-25), dies at 58

1697 - Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate (b. 1603)

1701 - Anne Hilarion de Cotentin, count of Tourville/Fr admiral, dies at 58

 

 

 

1836 - James FanninTexas revolutionary (b. 1804)

 

 

 

 

 

1850 - Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53

1864 - Jean-Jacques Ampère, French scholar (b. 1800)

1878 - George Gilbert Scott, architect, dies

1894 - Verney L Cameron, English explorer (Tanganyika), dies at 49

1897 - Andreas Anagnostakis, Greek physician (b. 1826)

1898 - Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual and one of the founding fathers of Pakistan dies at 80

1900 - Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet], South African general, dies at 69

1910 - Alexander E Agassiz, US businessman/biologist/geologist, dies at 74

1923 - Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)

1929 - Samuil Shatunovsky, Ukrainian mathematician, dies at 70

1967 - Jim Thompson, American designer (disappeared) (b. 1906)

1968 - Yuri Gagarin, 1st man to orbit Earth, & Seryogin, in plane crash at 34

1991 - Aldo Ray, western actor (Battle Cry), dies at 64 of cancer

1992 - James E Webb, head of NASA (1961-68), dies at 84

1998 - Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile manufacturer (b. 1909)

 

 

 

2002 - Milton BerleAmerican actor and comedian (b. 1908)

 

8x10_Milton Berle

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2002 - Dudley Moore, British actor (b. 1935)

2002 - Billy Wilder, American director (b. 1906)

2006 - Lyn Nofziger, American journalist and political advisor to Ronald Reagan (b. 1924)

2007 - Paul Lauterbur, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1929)

2010 - Vasily Smyslov, Russian grandmaster (b. 1921)

2012 - Hilton Kramer, American art critic, dies from heart failure at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Today In The Past

 

Events

1027 - John XIX crowns Conrad II the Salier Roman German emperor

1147 - Jewish community in Cologne fast to commemorate anti-Jewish violence

1150 - Tichborne family of Hampshire England started tradition of giving a Gallon of flour to each resident to keep deathbed promise

1484 - William Caxton printed his translation of Aesop’s Fables.

1526 - King Francois I returns Spanish captivity to France

1552 - Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru.

1668 - England takes control of Bombay India

1780 - 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (Brit Gazette & Sunday Monitor)

1790 - Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency

1799 - Napolean captures Jaffa Palestine

1804 - Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana

1804 - Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase

1812 - Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas Venezuela; about 20,000 die

1830 - The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.

1839 - 1st Henley Royal Regatta

1845 - Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat

1845 - Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid

1859 - 1st sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury

1872 - Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher

1878 - Sabi Game Reserve, world’s 1st official designated game reserve, opens

1885 - Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film

1886 - 1st cremation in England

1910 - US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick

1913 - Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War

1913 - Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously

1916 - Birdman of Alcatraz receives solitary

1930 - Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway

1936 - 200″ telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech

1936 - Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska

1937 - Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye

1942 - 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton Pa, kills 21

1942 - German offensive in North-Africa under Col-general Rommel

1943 - 1st woman to receive air medal (US army nurse Elsie S Ott)

 

 

 

1943 - Battle of Komandorski IslandsPacific Ocean

 

 

 

 

 

1944 - 705 British bombers attack Essen

1945 - Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine

1945 - Japanese resistance ends on Iwo Jima

1945 - Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto

1945 - US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms

1953 - Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio[myelitis]

1954 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island

1955 - “Ballad of Davy Crockett,” becomes the #1 record in US

1956 - Red Buttons debuts on TV in Studio One

 

 

 

1958 - 30th Academy Awards-”Bridge over River Kwai,” Woodward & Guinness win

 

 

 

 

 

1958 - US Army launched America’s third successful satellite, “Explorer III”

1960 - Iraq executes 30 after attack on Pres Kassem

1965 - A truck loses control down Moosic Street, Scranton, Pennsylvania, killing the driver. This accident later inspired the 1974 Harry Chapin song, “30,000 Pounds of Bananas.”

1969 - Marcus Welby MD, a TV movie is shown on ABC-TV

1970 - Peter Yarrow (Peter, Paul & Mary) plead guilty to “taking immoral liberties” with a 14 year old girl

 

 

 

1971 - “Benny Hill Show” tops TV ratings

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1973 - Soap “Young & Restless” premieres

1974 - George Foreman TKOs Ken Norton in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1975 - The Biological Weapons Convention enters into force.

1977 - Elvis Costello releases his 1st record “Less Than Zero”

1980 - Bombay gets its 1st rock concert in 10 years (The Police)

1986 - Geffen records signs Guns & Roses

1988 - Janet B Evans swims 1500m freestyle female world record (15:52.10)

1989 - 1st free elections in USSR; 190 M votes cast; Boris Yeltsin wins

1992 - Mike Tyson sentenced to 10 years in rape of Desiree Washington

1994 - Bonnie Blair skates world record 500 m ladies (38.99 sec)

1994 - Gunda Niemann skates world record 5 km ladies (7:03.26)

1994 - Gunda Niemann skates un-official world record 10 km ladies (14:22.60)

1994 - Yuka Sato of Japan wins world figure skating championship in Tokyo

1996 - The International Monetary Fund approves a $10.2 billion loan for Russia.

1997 - Thirty-nine bodies found in the Heaven’s Gate cult suicides.

1998 - Oued Bouaicha massacre in Algeria; 52 people killed with axes and knives, 32 of them babies under the age of 2.

1999 - The “Melissa worm” infects Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world.

1999 - A jury in Michigan finds Dr. Jack Kevorkian guilty of second-degree murder for administering a lethal injection to a terminally ill man.

2006 - In Scotland, the prohibition of smoking in all substantially enclosed public places comes into force.

2006 - The military junta ruling Burma officially named Naypyidaw, a new city in Mandalay Division, as the new capital. Yangon had formerly been the nation’s capital.

2012 - Canadian Film maker, James Cameron, becomes the first person to visit Challenger Deep, the deepest point on Earth in over 50 years

 

 

 

Births

603 - Pacal II ruler of the Maya polity of Palenque

1479 - Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33)/son of Ivan III

1516 - Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist (d. 1565)

1554 - Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (d. 1611)

1577 - Elisabeth of Nassau, daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon

1698 - Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (d. 1765)

1749 - William Blount, American Statesman (d. 1800)

1753 - Benjamin Thompson, physicist (Royal Inst of Great Britain, Woburn MA)

1773 - Nathaniel Bowditch, mathematician/astronomer/author (Marine Sextant)

1813 - Thomas West Sherman, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879

1817 - Herman Haupt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905

1874 - Robert Frost, SF, poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken)

1875 - Syngman Rhee, pres of South Korea (1948-60) [or Apr 26]

1879 - Othmar Ammann, Swiss bridge engineer (d. 1965)

1880 - Duncan Hines, US, restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens)

1885 - Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer

1886 - Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)

1904 - Joseph Campbell, mythologist (Mythic Image)

1911 - Bernard Katz, biophysicist

1911 - Tennessee Williams, Columbus Miss, playwright (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof)

1916 - Sterling Hayden, NJ, actor (Dr Strangelove, Asphalt Jungle, Cobra)

 

 

1917 Rufus ThomasMissblues singer (Walking the Dog)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1919 - Strother Martin, Kokomo Ind, actor (Cool Hand Luke, Slapshot)

1921 - George Jefferson, CEO (British Telecom)

1921 - Peter Horsley, CEO (Osprey Aviation)

1923 - Bob Elliott, American comedian

1925 - Pierre Boulez, Montbrison France, composer/conductor (Visage Nuptial)

1930 - Gregory Corso, beat poet (Happy Birthday of Death, Long Live Man)

1930 - Sandra Day O’Connor, Texas, 1st woman Supreme Court Justice (1981- )

1931 - Leonard Nimoy, Boston, actor (Spock-Star Trek, Mission Impossible)

1934 - Alan Arkin, NYC, actor (Catch 22, In-Laws, Simon, Wait Until Dark)

1934 - Gino Cappelletti, ORFU, AFL running back (AFL Player of Year 1964)

1935 - Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestine National Authority

1936 - Fred Paris, rocker (Five Satins)

1938 - Anthony James Leggett, American physicist, Nobel laureate

1940 - James Caan, Bronx NY, American actor (Misery, Godfather)

1941 - Richard Dawkins, British evolutionary biologist

1942 - Erica Jong, [Mann], NYC, author (Fear of Flying)

1943 - Robert Woodward, investigative reporter (Watergate, CIA crimes)

 

 

1944 - Diana Ross, [Earle], Detroit, (SupremesLady Sings BluesMahogany)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1945 - Mikhail Voronin, USSR, horse vault gymnist (Olympic-gold-1968)

 

 

 

1947 - Dar RobinsonAmerican stuntman (d. 1986)

 

 

 

 

1948 - Richard Tandy, rock bassist (ELO)

1948 - Steven Tyler, NYC, rock vocalist (Aerosmith-Janie Got a Gun)

1949 - Fran Sheehan, rock bassist (Boston-More than a Feeling)

1949 - Vicki Lawrence, Inglewood Ca, actress (Carol Burnette, Mama’s Family)

1950 - Martin Short, Hamilton Ontario, comedian (SNL, SCTV, 3 Amigos)

1950 - Teddy Pendergrass, Phila, singer (Turn Off the Lights)

 

 

 

1950 - Tony PapenfussMinneapolis Minn, (Daryl-Newhart)

 

 

 

 

 

1950 - Alan Silvestri, American film score composer

1952 - Didier Pironi, French Formula One driver (d. 1987)

1953 - Elaine Chao, U.S. Secretary of Labor

1954 - Curtis Sliwa, founder (Guardian Angels)/radio personality (WABC)

1956 - Tatyana Kochergina, USSR, team handball (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1957 - Leeza Gibbons, SC, TV host (Entertainment Tonight, Leeza)

1962 - John Stockton, Spokane Wash, NBA guard (Utah Jazz, Olympics-gold-96)

1963 - Rebecca Twigg, Seattle Wash, 79K cyclist (Olympic-silver-1984, 92, 96)

1964 - Martin Donnelly, Irish racecar driver

1964 - Baz Warne, English Guitarist (The Stranglers)

 

 

1968 - Kenny ChesneyAmericanCountry singer

 

Kenny-Chesney-

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1968 - James Iha, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins and A Perfect Circle)

1968 - Laurent Brochard, French cyclist

1971 - Behzad Ghorbani, Iranian zoologist and sociobiologist

1973 - Lawrence E. Page, American search engine pioneer

1976 - Amy Smart, American actress

1985 - Keira Knightley, London, English actress (Bend It Like Beckham, Pirates of the Caribbean)

1986 - Jessica McClure, baby trapped in Texas well in 1988

 

 

Deaths

304 - Saint Emmanuel, Christian martyr killed under Diocletian

752 - Stephen II, Catholic Pope (3/22-26/752), dies

809 - Liudger, missionary/1st bishop of Munster/saint, dies at about 66

1130 - King Sigurd I of Norway (b. ca. 1090)

1212 - Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212), dies at 58

1258 - Floris, the Guardian, count-regent of Holland, dies

1350 - Alfonso XI, King of Castile & Leon, dies

1535 - Georg Tannstetter, Austrian scientist (b. 1482)

 

 

 

1649 - John WinthropPuritan & 1st Governor (Mass), dies

 

 

 

 

 

1697 - Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)

1776 - Samuel Ward, American politician (b. 1725)

1797 - James Hutton, geologist, dies

1814 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, namesake of the guillotine (b. 1738)

1827 - Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (Appassionata), dies at 56

1858 - John Addison Thomas, American soldier (b. 1811)

1865 - Thomas Hancock, pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington), dies

 

 

 

1892 - Walt Whitmanpoetdies in CamdenNJ at 72

 

Walt_Whitman-3

 

 

 

 

 

1902 - Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1890-96) dies at 48

1905 - Maurice Barrymore, actor; patriarch of the Barrymore family (b. 1849)

1910 - Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)

1910 - An Jung-geun, Korean assassin of Ito Hirobumi (executed) (b. 1879)

1923 - Sarah Bernhardt, [Henriette], actress (Queen Elizabeth), dies at 77

1940 - Spiridon Louis, Greek runner, winner of the first modern Olympics marathon (b. 1873)

1942 - Jimmy Burke, American baseball player (b. 1874)

1945 - David Lloyd George, British (L) premier (1916-22), dies at 82

1945 - Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29

1948 - Helen Ernst, German poster artist/resistance fighter, dies at about 43

1959 - Raymond T Chandler, US detective writer (Long Goodbye), dies at 71

1962 - Marjorie Colton, inventor of wax paper, dies at 64

1973 - Noel Coward, English playwright (Private Letters), dies at 73

1981 - Cyril Dean Darlington, biologist (hereditary mechanisms), dies at 77

1983 - Anthony F Blunt, British art historian/spy for USSR, dies at 75

1990 - International Chrysis, Transvestite actor (Q&A), dies of cancer at 38

1993 - Luis Falco, US choreographer (Fame, Angel Heart), dies at 50

 

 

 

1996 - David Packardelectronic engineer/businessmandies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

1997 - Marshall Applewhite, American cult leader (b. 1931)

2000 - Alex Comfort, American author (b. 1920)

2002 - Randy Castillo, American drummer (Ozzy Osbourne, Mötley Crüe) (b. 1950)

2003 - Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senator (b. 1927)

2005 - Paul Hester, Australian drummer (Split Enz and Crowded House) (b. 1959)

2006 - Paul Dana, American race car driver (b. 1975)

2006 - Nikki Sudden, British singer/songwriter (b. 1956)

2011 - Diana Wynne Jones, British fantasy writer (b. 1934)

2011 - Paul Baran, internet pioneer who helped create the technical underpinnings of Arpanet, dies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

1 - Origin of Dionysian Incarnation of the Word

31 - 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus

421 - Friday at 12 PM – city of Venice founded

708 - Constantine begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1199 - Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6.

 

 

 

1306 - Robert the Bruce crowned King of Scots

 

 

 

 

 

1409 - Council of Pisa opens

1584 - Sir Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert’s patent to explore North America

1609 - Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Co

1655 - Christiaan Huygens discovers Titan, (Saturn’s largest satellite)

1668 - 1st horse race in America takes place

1669 - Mount Etna in Sicily erupts, destroying Nicolosi, killing 20,000

1811 - Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from the University of Oxford for his publication of the pamphlet The Necessity of Atheism.

1813 - 1st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex

1817 - Tsar Alexander I recommends formation of Society of Israeli Christians

1856 - A E Burnside patents Burnside carbine

1857 - Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse

 

 

 

1863 - 1st Army Medal of Honor awarded( Jacob Parrott)

 

 

 

PARROTT, JACOB Photo

 

 

 

 

 

1863 - Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee

 

 

 

1864 - Battle of Paducah, KY (Forrest’s raid)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 - Battle of Bluff Spring, FL

1865 - Battle of Fort Stedman, VA – in front of Petersburg

1865 - Battle of Mobile, AL (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)

1865 - SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire & sinks, killing 400

1895 - Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

1896 - Modern Olympics began in Athens, Greece [NS=Apr 6]

1898 - Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in NYC

1901 - 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown Iowa

1902 - Irving W Colburn patents sheet glass drawing machine

1905 - Rebel battle flags captured during war are returned to South

1910 - Chalmers Auto Co offers a new car to each leagues’ batting champ

 

 

 

1911Triangle Shirtwaist Factory catches fire 145 die, all but 13 girls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1913 - Great Dayton Flood

1915 - 1st submarine disaster; a US F-4 sank off Hawaii, killing 21

1931 - Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama

1937 - It’s revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads

1938 - 1st US bred horse (Battleship) to win Grand National Steeplechase

1939 - Billboard Magazine introduces hillbilly (country) music chart

1943 - 97% of all Dutch physicians strike againt nazi registration

1943 - Jimmy Durante & Garry Moore premiere on radio

1944 - Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome

 

 

 

1944 - RAF Sgt Nickolas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet without a parachute

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen

1945 - US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg

1947 - Coal mine explosion in Centralia, Ill, claims 111

1954 - RCA manufactures 1st color TV set (12½” screen at $1,000)

1957 - Treaty of Rome establishes European Economic Community (Common Mkt)

1958 - Sugar Ray Robinson is 1st boxing champ to win 5 times

1960 - 1st guided missile launched from nuclear powered sub (Halibut)

1960 - DH Lawrence’ “Lady Chatterley’s Lover” ruled not obscene (NYC)

1961 - Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)

1961 - Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered

1962 - French OAS-leader ex-general Jouhaud arrested

1964 - Egypt ends state of siege (1952-64)

1965 - Martin Luther King Jr led 25,000 to state capitol in Montgomery, Al

1966 - US Supreme court rules “poll tax” unconstitutional

1967 - Who & Cream make US debut at Murray the K’s Easter Show

1970 - Concorde makes its 1st supersonic flight (700 MPH/1,127 KPH)

1971 - Tom Jones, “She’s a Lady,” goes gold

1972 - Bobby Hull becomes the 2nd NHLer to score 600 goals

1972 - UCLA wins its 6th consecutive national basketball title

1982 - Wayne Gretzky becomes 1st NHL to score 200 points in a season

1983 - Christa Rothenburger skates world record 500 m ladies (39.69 sec)

1985 - Edwin Meese III becomes US Attorney General

1986 - Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Brian Boitano (USA)

1986 - Supreme Court rules Air Force could ban wearing of yarmulkes

1986 - Kurt Browning (Canada) becomes 1st skater to land a quadruple jump

1988 - NASA launches space vehicle S-206

 

 

 

1990 - Fire in illegal NYC social club, kills 87( Happy Land Social Club)

 

 

America’s Most Deadly Single Perpetrator Mass Murder

No Guns Involved , $5 Worth Of Gas And A Match

 

 

 

 

1992 - British scientists find new largest perfect # (2 756839 -1 * 2 756839)

1992 - Russian manned space craft TM-14, lands

1992 - Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returns to Earth after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station.

1995 - Boxer Mike Tyson released from jail after serving 3 years

1996 - Comet C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) approaches within 0.1018 AUs of Earth

1996 - Ice Dance Championship at Edmonton won by Gritshuk & Platov (RUS)

1996 - Ice Pairs Championship at Edmonton won by Eltsova & Bushkov (RUS)

1996 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Edmonton won by Michelle Kwan (USA)

1996 - Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Edmonton won by Todd Eldredge (USA)

1996 - US issues newly-redesigned $100 bill

2006 - Capitol Hill massacre: A gunman kills six people before taking his own life at a party in Seattle’s Capitol Hill neighborhood.

 

 

 

Births

1133 - Henry II, King of England (1154-89)

1252 - Conradin, Duke of Swabia (d. 1268), son of Conradin IV

1259 - Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1332)

1297 - Andronicus III Palaeologus, Byzantine emperor (d. 1341)

1297 - Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (d. 1364)

1345 - Blanche of Lancaster, wife of John of Gaunt (d. 1369)

1347 - Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (d. 1380)

1404 - John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (d. 1444)

1539 - Christopher Clavius, German mathematician (d. 1612)

1643 - Louis Moréri, French encylopedist (d. 1680)

1653 - Joseph Sauveur, French physicist/mathematician

1661 - Paul de Rapin, French historian (d. 1725)

1786 - Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist

1818 - Isaac Ingalls Stevens, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1823 - William Thompson Martin, Mjr General (Confederate Army), died in 1910

 

 

 

1840 - Myles Keogh, U.S. Soldier in U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment & Irish Soldier of Fortune (d. 1876)

 

 

http://www.cowanauctions.com/itemImages/e3853.jpg

 

 

 

 

1873 - Rudolf Rocker, German/US anarchist

1881 - Béla Bartok, Hungary, composer/pianist (Concerto for Orchestra)

1908 - David Lean, Croydon England, director (Dr Zhivago, Ryan’s Daughter)

1911 - Jack Ruby, killer of Lee Harvey Oswald (d. 1967)

1913 - Sir Reo Stakis, Anglo-Cypriot hotel magnate (d. 2001)

 

 

 

1914Norman E Borlaug, US agriculture scientist (Nobel 1970) See also (UE Events 10.20 & UE Deaths 9.12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1918 - Howard Cosell, Winston-Salem NC, sportscaster (Monday Night Football)

1921 - Simone Signoret, Weisbaden Germany, (Casque d’Or, Room at the Top)

1922 - Eileen Ford, modeling agency head (Ford Modeling Agency)

1925 - Flannery O’Connor, GA, novelist (A Good Man is Hard to Find)

1926 - Hans Rausing, Swedish/British industrial/billionaire (Tetra Pak)

1926 - Laszlo Papp, Hungary, Olympic Boxer (Gold-1948, 1952, 1956)

1928 - James A Lovell Jr, Cleveland Ohio, American astronaut (Gemini 7, 12, Apollo 8, 13)

1934 - Gloria Steinem, Toledo Ohio, US feminist/publisher (Ms Magazine)

1934 - Johnny Burnette, Memphis, guitarist (Trains Kept A-Rollin, You’re 16)

1937 - Tom Monaghan, founder of Dominos pizza

1938 - Hoyt Axton, Duncan Oklahoma, actor (Black Stallion, Junkman, Rousters)

1940 - Anita Bryant, Barnsdall Oklahoma, homophobe/singer (George Gobel Show)

 

 

 

1942 - Aretha Franklin, Memphis Tenn, Soul Sister #1/singer (Respect)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1942 - Jacqueline Lichtenberg, US, sci-fi author (Star Trek Lives!, Dreamspy)

1942 - Paul Michael Glaser, Cambridge Mass, actor (Starsky-Starsky & Hutch)

1943 - Pavel Lednev, USSR, pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1980)

1946 - Bonnie Bedelia, [Culkin], NYC, actress (Die Hard, Heart Like a Wheel)

1947 - Elton John, [Reginald Kenneth Dwight], England, singer (Rocketman)

1955 - Lee Mazzilli, American baseball player

1965 - Sarah Jessica Parker, Nelsonville Ohio, American actress (Square Pegs, Sex and the City)

 

 

 

1966 - Jeff Healey, Canada, blind blues guitarist (See the Light)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1967 - Debi Thomas, US, figure skater (Olympic-bronze-1988)

1967 - Doug Stanhope, American comedian

1974 - Lark Voorhies, American actress

1975 - Melanie Blatt, British singer (All Saints)

1976 - Juvenile, American rapper

1982 - Danica Patrick, American race car driver

1984 - Katharine McPhee, American singer/actress

1989 - Chicken Kentucky, 1st partial birth in space (chicken)

 

 

 

Deaths

1223 - Afonso II, 3rd King of Portugal (1211-23), dies at 36

1345 - Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, English politician (b. 1281)

1458 - Inigo Lopez de Mendoza, Spanish marquis of Santillana/poet, dies

1558 - Marcos de Niza, French Franciscan explorer

1603 - Ikoma Chikamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1526)

1692 - Gerardus L Blasius, Flemish anatomist, dies at about 66

1712 - Nehemiah Grew, English naturalist (b. 1641)

1736 - Nicholas Hawksmoor, British architect

1818 - Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (b. 1745)

1918 - Claude Debussy, French composer (Iberia/La mer), dies in Paris at 55

1962 - Auguste Piccard, Swiss explorer/balloonist, dies at 78

 

 

 

1973 - Edward Steichen, pioneer of US photography, dies at 93

 

 

 

 

1992 - Nancy Walker, actress (Ida Morgenstern-Rhoda), dies of cancer at 69

1995 - Warren E Burger, chief justice of US (1969-86), dies

1999 - Cal Ripken, Sr., American baseball manager (b. 1936)

2005 - Paul Henning, American TV/film producer and writer (b. 1911)

2006 - Richard Fleischer, American film director (b. 1916)

 

 

 

2006 - Buck Owens, American singer and television personality (b. 1929)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2012 - Bert Sugar, American sports writer, dies from a cardiac arrest at 74

2012 - Larry Stevenson [Richard], American skateboard innovator, dies  at 81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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