Tag Archive: Deaths


Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1236 – The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in Battle of Šiauliai.

1499 – Switzerland became an independent state.

1598 – Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter.

1692 – Last (8) person hanged for witchcraft in US (Salem Mass)

1789 – Office of Postmaster General is created under the Treasury Department

1817 – John Quincy Adams becomes secretary of State

1893 – 1st auto built in US (by Duryea brothers) runs in Springfield

1910 – England’s 1st aircraft flight

1913 – Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson New Mexico

1920 – Chicago grand jury convenes to investigate charges that 8 White Sox players conspired to fix the 1919 World Series

1927 – Famous “Long count” fight (Dempsey loses boxing title to Tunney)

1934 – An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers.

1945 – Stan Musial gets 5 hits off 5 pitchers on 5 consecutive pitches

1946 – Evelyn Dick charged with butchering husband

1950 – Omar N Bradley promoted to rank of 5-star general

1957 – “Maverick” premieres

1964 – “Man from U.N.C.L.E,” premieres on NBC-TV

1966 – Only 413 show up at a Yankee Stadium game

1975 – Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate President Ford in SF Calif

1980 – Iraq invades Iran in an attempt to control the Shatt al-Arab waterway

1983 – Everly Brothers reunite after 10 years (Royal Albert Hall)

1989 – IRA-bomb kills 10 British marines in Kent

1993 – Nolan Ryan, 46, pitches his last game

1995 – E-3B AWACS crashed outside of Elmendorf AFB, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board killed

2003 – David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.

 

 

 

2006 – The F-14 Tomcat retires from the United States Navy.

 

F-14 Tomcat vs MiG-23 Dogfight

Births

1290 – Bilbo Baggins, (in Shire Reconning)

1515 – Anna van Kleef, queen of England/4th wife of Henry VIII

1606 – Li Zicheng, Chinese rebel (d. 1645)

1694 – Lord Chesterfield, letter writer; introduced Gregorian calendar (1752)

1791 – Michael Faraday, discovered principle of electric motor

1885 – Erich von Stroheim, early film director/actor (Grand Illusion)

1900 – William Spratling, American silversmith (d. 1967)

1903 – Joseph Valachi, American gangster (d. 1971)

1920 – Bob Lemon, pitcher (Cleveland Indians)/manager (NY Yankees, 1978)

1928 – Eric Broadley, MBE, British automotive engineer (Lola Cars)

1932 – Ingemar Johansson, Sweden, world heavyweight boxing champ (1952)

1941 – Jeremiah Wright, American pastor

1949 – David Coverdale, England, rock vocalist (Whitesnake, Deep Purple)

1957 – Nick Cave, Warracknabeal, Victoria, Australian singer/songwriter (Bad Seeds-Murder Ballads)

 

 

 

1958 – Andrea Bocelli, Pisa, Italian tenor (The Prayer)

 

Stay with me

Besame Mucho

It’s Impossible with Christina Aguilera

1958 – Neil Cavuto, American television commentator

1960 – Joan Jett, Phila, singer (Blackhearts-I Love Rock ‘n Roll)

 

 

 

1980 – Fernanda TavaresBrazilian supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1072 – Ouyang Xiu, Chinese historian and scholar-official (b. 1007)

1197 – Petrus Cantor, French theologist (Verbum Abbreviatum), dies

1253 – Dogen Kigen, 1st Zen patriarch of Japanese Soto line, dies at 53

1345 – Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Leicester (b. 1281)

1520 – Selim I, captured Baghdad/Sultan of Turkey (1512-20), dies at 53

1539 – Guru Nanak Dev, founder of Sikhism (b. 1469

1554 – Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, Spanish explorer

1776 – Nathan Hale, US captain/patriot/spy, hanged by British at 21( See Uncurrent Events 9/21 )

1828 – Shaka, South African Zulu king, dies

1956 – Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 79

1987 – Dan Rowan, actor (Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-in), dies at 65

 

 

 

1989 – Irving Berlincomposer (God Bless America), dies at 101

 

Oh, How I Hate to get up in the Morning

There’s No Business Like Show Business

Alexanders Ragtime Band

1994 – Leonard Geoffrey Feather, jazz critic/musician, dies at 80

1996 – Dorothy Lamour, actress (Road to Bali, Road to Rio), dies at 81

1999 – George C. Scott, American actor (b. 1927)

2001 – Isaac Stern, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1192 – English king Richard I the Lion heartedcaptured

 

 

 

 

 

1217 – The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights.

1621 – King James of England gives Canada to Sir Alexander Sterling

1677 – John & Nicolaas van der Heyden patents fire extinguisher

1745 – Battle at Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats English army

1776 – 5 days after British take NY, a ¼ of city burns down

 

 

 

1776 – Nathan Halespied on British for American rebelsarrested

 

 

 

 

 

1780 – Benedict Arnold gives British Major Andre plans to West Point

 

 

 

 

1837 – Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry & china stores

1860 – In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.

1872 – John Henry Conyers of SC becomes 1st black student at Annapolis

1895 – 1st auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company

1898 – China’s empress-mother Ci Xi & emperor De Zong arrested

1913 – 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France

1915 – CH Chubb buys Stonehenge for £6,600

1930 – Johann Ostermeyer patents flashbulb

1937 – J. R. R. Tolkien’s “The Hobbit” is published

 

 

 

1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – 1st nuclear submarineUSS Nautiluscommissioned

 

 

 

 

 

1955 – Rocky Marciano KOs Archie Moore in 9 for heavyweight boxing title

1961 – Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.

1964 – Constellation (US) beats Sovereign (England) in 20th America’s Cup

1964 – The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world’s first Mach 3 bomber, made its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.

1970 – “Monday Night Football” premieres on ABC – Browns 31, Jets 21

1972 – Marcos declares martial law in Philippines

1974 – US Mariner 10 makes 2nd fly-by of Mercury

 

 

 

1981 – Sandra Day O’Conner becomes 1st female Supreme Court Justice

 

 

 

 

 

2001 – Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.

2003 – Galileo mission terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter’s atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.

2008 – Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, the two last remaining independent investment banks on Wall Street, become bank holding companies as a result of the subprime mortgage crisis.

2008 – The final home game is played at Yankee Stadium against the Baltimore Orioles.

 

 

 

Births

1328 – Hongwu Emperor of China (d. 1398)

1372 – Frederik I van Hohenzollern, monarch of Brandenburg (1417-40)

1411 – Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (d. 1460)

1415 – Frederick III, Innsbruck Austria, German Emperor (1440-1493)

1428 – Jingtai Emperor of China (d. 1457

1737 – Francis Hopkinson, US, writer/lawyer (helped design Stars & Stripes)

1840 – Murad V, sultan of Turkey (1876)

 

 

 

1866 – H. G. WellsBromleyKent, , English writer (War of the WorldsKipps), (d. 1946)

 

 

 

 

 

1886 – Teiichi Igarashi, Japan, climed Mt Fuji at age 99

 

 

 

1912 – Chuck Jonesanimator (Bugs BunnyDaffy Duck)

 

 

A Chuck Jones Tribute                                         One Froggy Evening  

Fast and Furry-ous                                                 I Love To Singa

The Cat Above And The Mouse Below             Marvin the Martian

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – John Kluge, Chemnitz Germany, media CEO (Metromedia)/billionaire

 

 

 

 

1920 – Jay Wardcartoonist (Rocky & his FriendsBullwinkle)

 

Mr. Peabody & Sherman                    Dudley Do-Right

Mr. Know-It All                                      Go Go Gophers

Commander McBragg 

                       

1926 – Donald A Glaser, physicist (Nobel-1960)

1932 – Don Preston, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1935 – Henry Gibson, Germantown Pa, comedian (Nashville, Laugh-In’s poet)

1941 – R. James Woolsey, Jr., Central Intelligence Agency director

1945 – Richard Childress, NASCAR team owner

 

 

 

1947 – Stephen KingPortland, Mainesci-fi/horror author (CarrieShiningKujo)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1950 – Bill Murray,  Wilmette, Illinoisactor/comedian (Saturday Night LiveGhostbusters)

 

Dalai Lama

Stripes

Venkman gets Slimed

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Ethan Coen, Minneapolis Mn, producer (Miller’s Crossing, Barton Fink)

1967 – Faith Hill, American singer

 

 

 

Deaths

19 BC – VirgilRoman poetdies at 50

 

 

 

 

 

1327 – Edward II, king of England (1307-1327), assassinated at 43

1397 – Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (executed) (b. 1346)

1798 – George Read, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 65

 

 

 

1832 –  Sir Walter ScottScottish attorney/poet/writer (Ivanhoe), dies

 

 

 

 

 

1860 – Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)

1904 – Chief Joseph, US indian chief (Nez Perces), dies

1906 – Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1838)

1947 – Harry Carey Sr, actor/director (Red River, Sundown), dies at 69

1956 – Anastasio Somoza, Nicaraguan dictator, assassinated by Roliberto Lopez

1974 – Jacqueline Susann, author (Valley of the Dolls), dies of cancer at 53

 

 

 

1974 – Walter Brennanactor (Real McCoys), dies at 80

 

To Have And Have Not

Stumpy

Red Skelton And Walter Brennan

 

 

 

 

1979 – John McQuade, actor (Charlie Wild Private Detective), dies at 73

 

 

 

1987 – Jaco Pastoriusjazz bassist and composer (Weather Reportdies at 36

 

The Chicken

Birdland

Mercy,Mercy,Mercy

1988 – Robert Gwathmey, artist, dies at 85

1998 – Florence Griffith Joyner, American athlete (b. 1959)

2007 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

451 – General Aetius defeats Attila the Hun at Chalons-sur-Marne

 

 

 

 

 

1066 – Battle at Fulford: King of Norway, Harald III Hardrada defeats British militia

1187 – Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.

 

 

 

1519 – Ferdinand Magellan starts 1st successful circumnavigation of world

 

 

 

 

 

 

1777 – Paoli massacre

 

 

 

1797 – US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsideslaunched in Boston

 

 

 

 

 

 

1848 – The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.

1854 – Battle at Alma Krim: 1,000 British soldiers died

1859 – George Simpson patents electric range

1870 – Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury

1873 – Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal

1881 – Chester A Arthur sworn in as 21st president

1904 – Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II

1932 – Gandhi begins hunger strike against treatment of untouchables

1946 – The first Cannes Film Festival is held.

1966 – Passenger ship Queen Elizabeth II launched

1967 – Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38

1970 – Luna 16 lands on Moon’s Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample

1972 – Police find cannabis growing on Paul & Linda McCartney’s farm

1980 – Bronze plaque dedicated to memory of Thurman Munson at Yankee Stadium

1984 – “Cosby Show” premieres on NBC-TV

1985 – Walt Disney World’s 200-millionth guest

1987 – Alain Prost wins record 28th Formula one auto race

2000 – The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile.

 

 

 

 

Births 

1599 – Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader (d. 1623)

1744 – Thomas Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War hero (d. 1825)

1809 – Sterline “Old Pap” Price, Major General (Confederate Army)

1842 – James Dewar, Scottish chemist/physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet)

1873 – Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian race car driver (d. 1944)

1878 – Upton Beall Sinclair, Baltimore, Maryland, US writer (Jungle), (d. 1968)

 

 

 

1885 – Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” MortonNew Orleansjazz pianist/composer

 

 

 

Hesitation Blues

Honky Tonk Blues

Finger Breaker

 

 

 

 

1899 – Leo StraussGerman-born philosopher (d. 1973)

 

 

 

 

 

1917 – Arnold “Red” Auerbach, NBA coach/GM (Boston Celtic)

 

 

 

1921 – Melvin “Slappy” Whitecomedian

 

 

 

Tommy Chong Roast

 

 

 

 

1929 – Anne Meara, Bkln NY comedian/actress (Stiller & Meara, Archie’s Place)

1934 – Sophia Loren, Rome, actress (Desire Under the Elms, Black Orchid)

1948 – George R[aymond] R[ichard] Martin, US, sci-fi author (Wild Cards)

1950 – James P[aul] Blaylock, US, sci-fi author (Elfin Ship, Homunculus)

1975 – Asia Argento, Italian actress

1975 – Juan Pablo Montoya, Colombian race car driver

1976 – Reuben Singh, British entrepreneur

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1246 – Mikhail of Chernigov, ruler of Kiev

1586 – Anthony Babington, page/conspirator to Mary Stuart, executed at 24

1703 – Archibald Campbell, Scot milt man (blood bath of Glencoe), dies at 52

 

 

 

1973 – Jim Crocevocalist (Time in a Bottle), dies in a plane crash at 30

 

 

I Got a Name

You Don’t Mess Around With Jim

One less set of footsteps

Workin’ At The Car Wash Blues

 

 

 

 

1994 – Jule Styne, Broadway composer (Gypsy, Funny Girl), dies at 88

1996 – Paul Erdos, mathematician, dies of heart attack at 83

2005 – Simon Wiesenthal, Austrian-Polish Nazi hunter (b. 1908)

2010 – Leonard Skinner, American high school gym teacher; namesake of rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd (b. 1933)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uncurrent Events 9.19.14

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1356 – English defeat French at Battle of Poitiers

 

 

 

 

 

1559 – 5 Spanish ships sinks in storm off Tampa, about 600 die

1676 – Rebels under Nathaniel Bacon set Jamestown Va on fire

 

 

 

1777 – Battle of Freeman’s Farm  or 1st Battle of Saratoga

 

 

 

 

 

1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.

 

 

 

 

1796 – George Washington’s farewell address as president

 

 

The Farewell Address Verbatim

 

 

 

 

1838 – Ephraim Morris patents railroad brake

1848 – Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)

1854 – Henry Meyer patents sleeping rail car

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Chickamauga GA (near ChattanoogabeginsUnion retreat

 

 

 

 

 

1873 – Black Friday: Jay Cooke & Co fails, causing a securities panic

1876 – 1st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Mich)

1888 – World’s 1st beauty contest (Spa Belgium)

1890 – Turkish frigate “Ertogrul” burns off of Japan, kills 540

1893 – NZ is 1st country to grant all its women the right to vote

1904 – Gen Nogi’s assault on Port Arthur: 16,000 Japanese casualties

 

 

 

1928 – Mickey Mouse’s screen debut (Steamboat Willie at Colony Theater NYC)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1934 – Bruno Haptmann arrested for kidnapping Lindbergh baby

1940 – Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a resistance.

1945 – Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London

1947 – Jackie Robinson is named 1947 “Rookie of Year”

1952 – The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England.

1955 – Cubs slugger Ernie Banks hits record 5th grand slam of season

1955 – Hurricane Hilda, kills 200 in Mexico

1960 – Chubby Checkers’ “Twist” reaches #1

1961 – Betty and Barney Hill claim that they saw a mysterious craft in the sky and that it tried to abduct them.

1970 – “Mary Tyler Moore” show premieres

1972 – A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat

1973 – Pirate Radio Free America (off Cape May NJ) form

1980 – Titan II missile explosion (Damascus, AR)

1983 – David Slowinski on 2 CRAY-1 comp’s find 2^132049-1 prime #

1984 – Britain & China complete a proposed agreement to transfer Hong Kong to China by 1997

1988 – Israel launches 1st satellite, for secret military reconnaissance

1989 – Appeals court restores America’s Cup to US after NY Supreme Court gave it to NZ (NZ protested US’s use of a catamaran)

1992 – Barry Bonds joins Willie Mays, Howard Johnson & Ron Gant as having (2) 30-HR/30-steal seasons

1995 – The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber’s manifesto.

2000 – Ken Griffey, Jr. pinch-hits his 400th home run. The first major leaguer to reach the mark as a pinch-hitter

 

 

 

 

Births

1655 – Jan Luyts, Netherlands, scholar/physicist/mathematician/astronomer

1714 – Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1786)

1737 – Charles Carroll, signed Declaration of Independence

1749 – Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (The History of Astronomy), (d. 1822)

1754 – John Ross Key, commissioned officer in the Continental Army, judge, lawyer and the father of Francis Scott Key (d. 1821)

1867 – Arthur Rackham, England, artist/illustrator (Grimm’s Fairy Tales)

1889 – Ernest Truex, KC Mo, actor (Pop-Pete & Gladys, Mr Peepers)

1905 – Leon Jaworski, American Watergate scandal special prosecutor (d. 1982)

1907 – Lewis F Powell Jr, Va, Supreme Court justice (1972-87)

1908 – Tatsuo Shimabuku, founder of Isshinryu Karate (d. 1975)

1909 – Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile pioneer (d. 1998)

 

 

 

1911 – William GoldingCornwall Englandnovelist (Lord of the Flies-Nobel 1983), (d. 1993)

 

 

 

 

 

1928 – Adam West, Walla Walla Wash, actor (Batman, Last Precinct)

 

 

 

1931 – Brook Bentonsoul vocalist (Rainy Night in Georgia)

 

 

Rainy Night In Georgia

The Boll Weevil Song

If Only I Had Known

Baby, You’ve Got What It Takes with Dinah Washington

 

 

 

 

1933 – David McCallum, Glasgow Scot, actor (Ilyla Kuryakin-Man From UNCLE)

1935 – Benjamin Hacker, American naval aviator (d. 2003)

1940 – Bill Medley, Santa Ana Cal, rocker (Righteous Bros-Up Where We Belong)

1941 – “Mama” Cass Elliot, Balt Maryland, rock vocalist (Mamas & The Papas)

1942 – Freda Payne, American singer and actress

 

 

 

1945 – David BrombergPhilamusician (Demon in Disguise)

 

 

It Takes a Lot to Laugh, It Takes a Train to Cry            Suffer to Sing the Blues

Maple Leaf Rag                                                                Statesboro Blues / Church Bell Blues

Key To The Highway with Jorma Kaukonen

 

 

 

 

1946 – Brian Henton, English racing driver

1947 – Tanith Lee, UK, sci-fi author (Don’t Bite the Sun)

1949 – Twiggy Lawson, [Leslie Hornby], England, model/actress (Boyfriend, W)

1952 – Nile Rodgers, Bronx NY, rock guitarist (Honeydrippers)

1956 – Juan Manuel Fangio II, Argentine racing driver

1958 – Lita Ford, London England, vocalist (Kiss Me Deadly, Runaways)

1964 – Trisha Yearwood, Monticello GA, country singer (Sweetest Gift)

1969 – Matthew L Perry, actor (Friends)

1971 – Sanaa Lathan, American actress

1974 – Jimmy Fallon, American actor and comedian

 

 

 

1978 – Michelle AlvesBrazilian supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

1979 – Noémie LenoirFrench supermodel and actress

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

690 – Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 602)

1356 – Gautier de Brienne, duke of Athens/French supreme commander, dies

1356 – Geoffroy de Charny, French nobleman, dies in battle

1356 – Jean de Clermont, French marshal, dies in battle

1356 – Peter I, Duke of Bourbon, killed at the Battle of Poitiers (b. 1311)

1862 – [Lewis] Henry Little, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 45

1863 – Preston Smith, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 39

1864 – Archibald Campbell Godwin, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle

1864 – David Allen Russell, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 43

1864 – Robert Emmet Rodes, US Confederate gen-major, dies in battle at 35

 

 

 

1881 – James A Garfield20th president (1881), dies of gunshot wound at 49

 

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist (b. 1857)

1942 – Condé Nast, American publisher (b. 1873)

1944 – David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle

1968 – Chester F Carlson, inventor (photocopying), dies at 62

1973 – Gram Parsons, rocker (Byrds), dies of OD at 26

1985 – Italo Calvino, sci-fi author (T-Zero, Mr Palomar), dies at 61

 

 

 

1995 – Louis “Mr Bo” Collins, blues SInger, dies at 63

 

I AIN’T GONNA SUFFER

If Trouble Was Money

 

 

 

 

1995 – Orville Reddenbacher, popcorn magnate , American botanist and businessman (b. 1907)

 

 

 

2004 – Eddie AdamsAmerican photographer (b. 1933)

 

 

          

 

 

 

 

2004 – Skeeter Davis, American singer (b. 1931)

2004 – Ellis Marsalis, Sr., American businessman, musician, and activist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

324 - Chrysopolis emperor Constantine beats emperor Licinius

1454 – In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years’ War.

1635 – Emperor Ferdinand II declares war on France

1679 – New Hampshire becomes a county Massachusetts Bay Colony

1759 – Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British

1793 – Pres Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building

1809 – Royal Opera House in London opens

1812 – Fire in Moscow destroys 90% of houses & 1,000 churchs

1848 – Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner

1879 – The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time.

1906 – A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.

1918 – Battle of Megiddo (Palestine) starts

1919 – Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drown 280 along Gulf Coast

1926 – Hurricane hits Miami, kills 250

1928 – Juan de la Cierva flies 1st helicopter above Channel

1944 – British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed

1946 – Joe Louis KOs Tami Mauriello in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1947 – National Security Act, passes

 

 

 

1947 – USAF (US Air Forceforms

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – “Wagon Train” premieres

 

 

 

1965 – “Get Smart” premieres

 

 

The Amazing Harry Hoo                                   The Craw

Blooper and Outtake Reel                                Hymie

Someone Down Here Hates Me

 

 

 

 

1974 – Hurricane Fifi strikes Honduras with 110 mph winds, 5,000 die

1975 – Heiress/bank robber Patricia Campbell Hearst captured by FBI in SF

1977 – Courageous (US) sweeps Australia (Aust) in 24th America’s Cup

1977 – US Voyager I takes 1st space photograph of Earth & Moon together

1997 – Ted Turner gives $1 billion to UN

2001 – First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.

2007 – Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some called the Saffron Revolution.

 

 

 

 

Births

53 – Trajan, ancient Hispania, XIII Roman Emperor, (Trajan’s Forum), (d. 117)

1676 – Eberhard Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1733)

1709 – Samuel Johnson, Lichfield Staffordshire, England, lexicographer/writer (Boswell’s Tour Guide)

1733 – George Read, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)

1752 – Adrien-Marie Lagendre, mathematician, worked on elliptic integrals

1859 – Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher (d. 1940)

1905 – Agnes De Mille, NYC, choreographer (Oklahoma)

 

 

 

1905 – Eddie “Rochester” AndersonOakland Californiaactor (Jack Benny Show)

 

 

Life’s Full O’ Consequences with Lena Horne

Eddie Anderson name-checks Jack Benny and Fred Allen

Slippery Feet

What Kind Of Man Was Jack Benny?

 

 

 

 

1905 – Greta Garbo, Stockholm Sweden, actress (Ninotchka, Grand Hotel, Camille), (d. 1990)

1907 – Edwin M McMillan, US, physicist/discoverer plutonium (Nobel prize)

1914 – Jack Cardiff, British film director

1920 – Jack Warden, Newark NJ, actor (NYPD, Crazy Like a Fox, Norby)

 

 

 

1929 – Louis Myersblues guitarist /harmonica player

 

 

Take A Little Walk

Elevationist Women In Town

Tribute Little Walter

 

 

 

 

1951 – Dee Dee Ramone, Virg, [Douglas Colvin], rock bassist (Ramones)

1952 – Rick Pitino, American basketball coach

1971 – Jada Pinkett, actress (Jason’s Lyric, Menace II Society)

1971 – Lance Armstrong, Plano Texas, road cyclist (Olympics-6th-92, 96)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

31 – Sejanus, Roman head of praetorisch guard, executed

993 – Arnulf vanf Gent, Westfries earl (988-93), dies in battle

1137 – Erik II Eimune, [Onvergetelijke], king of Denmark (1134-37), murdered

1598 – Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese warlord (b. 1536)

1806 – Patrick Cotter O’Brien, first known eight-foot-tall person (b. 1760)

1830 – William Hazlitt, critic/essayist, dies

1891 – William Ferrel, American mathematician (b. 1817)

1905 – George MacDonald, sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), dies at 80

1911 – Russian Premier Peter Stolypin (1906-11), shot and murdered at the Kiev Opera House aged 49

1944 – Peter Waddy, British major 1st Para Brigade, dies in battle in Arnhem

1961 – Dag Hammarskjoeld, UN Sect Gen, dies in an air crash over Congo at 56

1967 – John Cockcroft, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)

 

 

 

1970 – Jimi Hendrixrock guitarist (Purple Haze), dies of an overdose at 27

 

 

Hey Joe

I Don’t Live Today

Machine Gun

 

 

 

 

1994 – Vitas Gerulaitis, tennis star (Davis Cup 1979), dies at 40

1996 – Spiro Theodore Agnew, US VP (1969-73), dies at 77

 

 

 

1997 - Jimmy Witherspoonsingerdies at 65

 

 

Aint Nobody’s Business

It’s a Low-down Dirty Shame

 Walkin’ By Myself with Robben Ford

 
 
 
 
 

2004 – Russ Meyer, American film director (b. 1922)

2005 – Michael Park, British Rally co-driver (b. 1966)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

642 – Arabs conquer Alexandria, library destroyed

1562 – Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon

1630 – The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.

1683 – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek reports existence of bacteria

1697 – Battle at Zenta: Prince Eugen of Savoye beats Turks

1776 – Presidio of SF forms as a Spanish fort

1778 – 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)

 

 

 

1787 – US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention

 

 

 

 

 

1850 – Great fire in San Francisco

1861 – 1st day school for freedmen forms at Fortress Monroe Virginia

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Antietambloodiest day in Civil War (Sharpsburg Md), 23, 100 die

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.

1872 – Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires

1873 – 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University

1900 – Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed

1908 – Thomas Selfridge becomes 1st fatality of powered flight

1911 – 1st transcontinental airplane flight, NY-Pasadena in 82 hrs 4 min

1922 – Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)

1926 – Hurricane hits Miami & Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die

1928 – Hurricane hits Lake Okeechobee Florida drowning 1,800-2500

1934 – RCA Victor re leases 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording (Beethoven’s 5th)

1934 – USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switz & Portugal vote no)

1939 – German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die

 

 

 

1944 – Operation Market GardenBritish airborne division lands Arnhem Netherlands

 

 

 

 

 

1947 – Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of Year by Sporting News

1953 – 1st successful separation of Siamese twins

1953 – Ernie Banks becomes Chicago Cubs 1st black player

1954 – Rocky Marciano KOs Ezzard Charles in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

1959 – Typhoon kills 2,000 in Japan & Korea

1960 – Cuba nationalizes US banks

1961 – Minnesota Vikings’ 1st NFL game (beat Chicago Bears 37-13)

1963 – “Fugitive” premieres on ABC TV

1967 – “Mission Impossible” premieres on CBS-TV

1967 – Mount Washington cog railway train derails, kills 8 (NH)

1970 – Jordanian King Hussein moves against PLO guerrillas

1972 – “M*A*S*H,” premieres on NBC TV

1974 – Courageous (US) beats Southern Cross (Aust) in 23rd America’s Cup

1978 – Begin, Sadat & Carter sign Camp David accord

1980 – Solidarity labor union in Poland forms

1983 – Vanessa Williams (NY), 20, crowned 56th Miss America 1984, 1st black

1986 – Bomb attack in Paris, 6 killed

1986 – US Senate confirms William Rehnquist as 16th chief justice

1989 – Hurricane Hugo begins 4 day sweep through Caribbean, killing 62

1991 - 4,355 turn out to see Expos play NY Mets at Shea Stadium

1991 – The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.

1993 – Last Russian troops leave Poland.

2008 – The IAU named another dwarf planet, Haumea

 

 

 

2011 – Occupy Wall Street movement began in Zucotti ParkNew York City.

 

 

 

 

 

Births

879 – Charles III, [The Simple], king of France (893-923)

1192 – Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (d. 1219)

1271 – Wenceslas II, king of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305)

1639 – Hans Herr, Mennonite bishop (d. 1725)

1677 – Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist, and inventor (d. 1761)

1730 – Friedrich WLGA von Steuben, Prus/US inspector-gen of Washington’s army

1739 – John Rutledge, 2nd (appointed) Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1800)

1783 – Samuel Prout, water-color painter

1819 – Jean-Bernard-Leon Foucault, physicist (pendulum proved Earth rotates)

1820 – Earle Van Dorn, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1863

1883 – William Carlos Williams, poet

1899 – Winnie Lightner, Greenport NY, comedienne (Sit Tight, Side Show)

1900 – John Willard Marriott, American hotelier (d. 1985)

1904 – Jerry Colonna, Boston MA, actor (Road to Morocco, Road to Singapore)

1907 – Warren E Burger, Minn, Supreme Court chief justice (1969-86)

1916 – Mary [Florence Elinor] Stewart, UK, sci-fi author (Crystal Cave)

1922 – Naomi Datta, geneticist

 

 

 

1923 – Hank Williamscountry singer (Cold, Cold HeartHey Good Lookin‘)

 

 

hey good lookin’

Jambalaya

 Lovesick Blues

 

 

 

 

1927 – George Blanda, Penn, NFL kicker/quarterback (Bears, Oilers, Raiders)

 

 

 

1929 – Stirling MossLondon Englandrace car driver

 

 

 

 

 

1931 – Anne Bancroft, Bronx, actr (Graduate, Miracle Worker), (d. 2005)

 

 

 

 

1934 - Little Milton [Campbell], rocker , see death of

 

 

The Blues is Alright

Who’s Cheating Who?

 

 

 

 

1939 – David H Souter, Weir NH, 107th Supreme Court Justice (1990- )

1944 – Reinhold Messner, Italian mountain climber (Mount Everest)

1947 – Jeff MacNelly, Puliter Prize-winning cartoonist (Shoe)

1955 – Rita Rudner, comedienne (Funny People)

 

 

 

1975 – Jimmie JohnsonAmerican race car driver

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1312 – Ferdinand V, king of Castile/Leon, dies at 26

1322 – Robert III of Flanders (b. 1249)

1574 – Pedro Menendez de Aviles, soldier/navigator, dies

 

 

 

1858 – Dred ScottUS slave (REV-decision Supreme court), dies

 

 

 

 

 

1873 – Alexander Berry, Scottish adventurer (b. 1781)

1884 – Louis Schubert, composer, dies at 56

1948 – Ruth Benedict, anthropologist, dies

 

 

 

1951 – Jimmy YanceyAmerican pianist (b. 1898)

 

 

Yancey Stomp

Five O’Clock Blues

How Long Blues

 

 

 

 

1956 – Mildred E “Babe” Didrikson Zaharias, (Olympic-gold-1932), dies at 42

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Akim Tamiroff, actor (Hotel Paradisio, Lord Jim), dies at 72

1980 – Anastasio Somoza, former Nicaraguan Pres, assassinated in Paraguay

1980 – Katherine A Porter, US author (Ship of Fools, Pulit-66), dies at 90

1985 – Laura Ashley, Welsh fashion designer, dies by accident

 

 

 

1994 – Karl R Popperphilosopher (Poverty of Historianism), dies at 92

 

 

 

 

 

 

1997 – Red Skeltoncomedian (Red Skelton Show), dies at 84

 

 

The Pledge

Red Skelton And John Wayne

Clem Kadiddlehopper Sketch

Freddie The Freeloader

Seagulls

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

668 – Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.

921 – Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law at Tetin.

1616 – The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy.

1620 – Mayflower departs from Plymouth England with 102 pilgrims [OS May 8]

1683 – Germantown Pa founded by 13 immigrant families

1762 – Battle of Signal Hill.

1830 – 1st to be run-over by a railroad train (William Huskisson, England)

1835 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches Galapagos Islands

1857 – Timothy Alder patents typesetting machine

1862 – Confederates conquer Union-weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry WV

1904 – Wilbur Wright makes his 1st airplane flight

1914 – US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico

 

 

 

1916 – Britains 1st use of tanks (Battle of Somme)

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – Gov Walton of Oklahoma declares state of siege because of KKK terror

1930 – 1st intl bridge match is held in London. US team defeats England

1931 – British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts

1938 – British PM Chamberlain visits Hitler at Berchtesgarden

1938 – John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)

 

 

 

1942 – US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs

1947 – 1st 4 engine jet propelled fighter plane tested, Columbus, Oh

1948 – F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speech record of 1080 kph

 

 

 

1950 – During Korean conflictUN forces land at Inchon in South Korea

 

 

 

 

 

 

1963 – 4 children killed in bombing of a black Baptist church in Birmingham

1965 – “Lost in Space” premieres

1966 – 1st British nuclear sub HMS Resolution launched

1966 – Gemini XI (Conrad/Gordon) returns to Earth

1966 – U.S. President Lyndon B Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to the United States Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.

1969 – Cards Steve Carlton sets record by striking out 19 NY Mets in a game

1970 – Decca awards Bing Crosby a 2nd platinum disc for selling 300 million

1973 – Secretariat wins Marlboro Cup in world record 1:45 2/5 for 1¼ miles

1976 – Soyuz 22 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit for 8 days

1978 – Muhammad Ali beats Leon Spinks in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1981 – US Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O’Connor

1982 – 1st issue of “USA Today” published by Gannett Co Inc

1983 – Cops beat to death Michael Stewart for graffiting NYC subway

1985 – Senate judiciary committee begins Robert Bork confirmation hearings

1990 – Florida lottery goes over $100,000,000

1992 – Ted Weiss, despite dying on 14th, wins congressional NYC seat

1994 – Moslem fundamentalists kidnap & behead 16 citizens in Algeria

2000 – Opening ceremony of the XXVII Olympics in Sydney, Australia

 

 

 

 

Births

1254 – Marco PoloVenice, Italian explorer (Il Milione), (d. 1324)

 

 

 

 

 

1533 – Catherine of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1572)

1649 – Titus Oates, English minister and plotter (d. 1705)

1789 – James Fenimore Cooper, 1st major US novelist (Last of Mohicans)

 

 

 

1857 – William Howard Taft, Cin, (R) 27th pres (1909-13), chief justice

 

 

 

 

 

 

1876 – Frank E Gannett, Rochester, newspaper publisher (Gannett)

1881 – Ettore Arco Isidoro Bugatti, Milan, race car builder (Amaz Bugattis)

1889 – Robert Benchley, Worcester MA, humorist (My 10 Years in a Quandary)

1890 – Agatha Christie, Torquay, Devon, mystery writer (Murder on Orient Express), (d. 1976)

1894 – Jean Renoir, French director (Madame Bovary, Nana, Grand Illusion)

1903 – Roy Acuff, Maynardville Tenn, country musician (Hee Haw)

1907 – Fay Wray, Alberta Canada, actress-King Kong’s main squeeze

 

 

 

1911 – Silas Hoganblues singer/guitarist

 

 

Guitar Kelly

Honey Bee Blues

Hoodooman Blues

 

 

 

 

1914 – Creighton Abrams, US, army general (Vietnam War)

 

 

 

1918 – Nipsey RussellAmerican comedian (d. 2005)

 

 

Nipsey Russell Roasts Don Rickles

Mantan Moreland & Nipsey Russell 1955

Nipsey Russell roasts Ronald Reagan

on Hurricanes

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Jackie Cooper, LA California, actor/director (Hennesey, People’s Choice)

 

 

 

1924 – Bobby ShortDanville Illsinger/pianist (Carlisle Hotel)

 

 

Miss Otis Regrets

Tiger Rag

Stellar with Lucy Arnaz

 

 

 

 

1927 – Norm Crosby, Boston Mass, comedian/double talker (Liar’s Club)

1937 – Robert Lucas, Jr., American economist, Nobel laureate

1938 – Gaylord Perry, baseball player (1972 AL Cy Young winner)

1945 – Jessye Norman, US, opera singer (Carmen)

1946 – Tommy Lee Jones, actor (Executioner’s Song, Bloody Monday, Fugitive)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1525 – John Pistorius, church reformer, burned at the stake

1598 – Hidejoshi, [Hijoshi], Japanese general strategist/kampaku, dies

1794 – Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1725)

1885 – Jumbo, P. T. Barnum’s circus elephant (hit by a train)

1893 – Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (b. 1807)

1938 – Thomas Wolfe, US writer (Enigma), dies at 62

1978 – Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft builder, dies at 80

 

 

 

1980 – Bill Evans, US jazz pianistdies of a bleeding ulcer at 51

 

 

Waltz For Debby

Some Other Time

Autumn Leaves

 

 

 

 

1989 – Robert Penn Warren, American writer (b. 1905)

2000 – Vincent Canby, American movie critic (b. 1924)

2004 – Johnny Ramone, American lead singer of the punk rock band The Ramones

 

 

 

2006 – Oriana FallaciItalian journalist and writer (b. 1929)

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Colin McRae, Scottish rally driver (b. 1968)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uncurrent Events 9.14.14

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

81 – Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus.

1180 – Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan.

1682 – Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, founded.

1716 – 1st lighthouse in US lit (Boston Harbor)

1807 – Aaron Burr acquitted of a misdemeanor charge

1812 – Napoleon occupies Moscow & fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th)  

 

 

 

1847 – US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)

 

 

 

 

 

1848 – Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store

1854 – Allied armies, including those of Britain & France, land in Crimea

1856 – Battle of San Jacinto, Nicaragua defeats invaders

1868 – Golf’s 1st recorded hole-in-one (Tom Morris at Prestwick’s 8th hole)

1899 – Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality (NY)

1917 – Kerenski regime declares Russian republic

1923 – Jack Dempsey KOs Luis Firpo in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1938 – Graf Zeppelin II, world’s largest airship, makes maiden flight

1944 – Hurricane hits New England: 389 die

1948 – Ground breaking ceremony for UN world headquarters

 

 

 

1948 – Milton Berle starts his TV career on Texaco Star Theater

 

 Uncle Miltie IS Auntie Mildred!

Milton Berle Roasts Jack Benny

Early Milton Berle

Milton Berle & Terry-Thomas in Mad Mad World

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Hurricane Edna (2nd of 1954) hits NYC, $50 million damage

1959 – Soviet Union’s Luna-2 is 1st spacecraft to land on the Moon

1960 – Chubby Checker’s “Twist” hits #1

1964 – Walt Disney awarded Medal of Freedom at White House

1965 – “F-Troop” premieres

1968 – 1st broadcast of “60 Minutes” on CBS-TV

1973 – Israel shoots down 13 Syrian MIG-21s

1975 – Pope Paul VI declares Mother Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton 1st US saint

1981 – Entertainment Tonight premieres on TV

1984 – 1st MTV awards-Bette Midler & Dan Aykroyd host

1986 – Bomb attack in Paris, 2 killed

1986 – Bomb explosion on airport Kimpo at Seoul, 5 killed

2001 – Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation’s capital.

 

 

 

Births

1531 – Philipp Apianus, [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German geography/cartographer

1656 – Thomas Baker, British antiquarian (d. 1746)

1737 – Johann Michael Haydn, composer

1742 – James Wilson, Scot/US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)

1849 – Ivan Pavlov, Russia, physiologist/pioneer in psychology (Nobel 1904)

1864 – Lord Cecil of Chelwood, UK, help form League of Nations (Nobel 1937)

1867 – Charles Dana Gibson, illustrator, drew “Gibson Girl”

1887 – Stanley “Midnight Assassin” Ketchel, HW boxing champ (1908-10)

1899 – Hal Wallis, movie producer (Maltese Falcon, Barefoot in the Park)

1909 – Peter Scott, British naturalist and explorer (d. 1989)

1927 – Martin Caidin, American aviation writer (d. 1997)

1936 – Stan Williams, baseball pitcher (NY Yankees, LA Dodgers)

1936 – Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1944 – Joey Heatherton, Rockville Center NY, dancer/actress (Bluebeard)

 

 

 

1947 – Jon “Bowser” BaumanQueens NYsinger (Sha Na Na)

 

 

This Magic Moment

Pretty Little Angel Eyes

Blue Moon

 

 

 

 

 

1949 – Steve GainesSeneca Morock vocalist (Lynyrd Skynyrd)

 

 

I Know A Little

T For Texas

Sweet Home Alabama

 

 

 

 

1965 – Dmitry Medvedev, President of Russia

1983 – Amy Winehouse, Southgate, London, singer (“Stronger Than Me, Rehab), (d. 2011)

 

 

 

Deaths

585 – Emperor Bidatsu of Japan (b. 538)

775 – Constantine V, Byzantine Emperor (b. 718)

1321 – Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (Divine Commedy), dies at 56

1637 – Pierre Vernier [Peter Werner], French mathematician, dies

1712 – Jean [Giovanni] D Cassini, Italian/French astronomer, dies

1836 – Aaron Burr, 3rd VP, dies

1851 – James Fenimore Cooper, American author (b. 1789)

1852 – Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory) (1828-30) dies at 83

1862 – Jesse Lee Reno, Union general-major (Reno Nevada), dies at 39

1898 – William Seward Burroughs, American inventor (b. 1857)

1901 – Pres William McKinley, dies in Buffalo, of gunshot wounds inflicted at 58

1927 – Isadora Duncan, dies as her scarf became entangled in her car’s wheel

 

 

 

1981 – [Walter] Furry Lewisfather of bluesdies at 88 of a heart attack

 

 

 Furry’s Blues with Leon Russell

Falling Down Blues

Furry Lewis pt 1

Judge Harsh Blues

 

 

 

 

1982 – Grace Kelly, princess of Monaco, dies in a car crash at 52

2005 – Robert Wise, American filmmaker (b. 1914)

2006 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian actor and bodybuilder (b. 1926)

2009 – Patrick Swayze, American actor, dancer, and songwriter (b. 1952)

2009 – Henry Gibson, American actor and songwriter (b. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events 

122 – Building begins on Hadrian’s Wall

533 – General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage, North Africa

1224 – Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata.

1503 – Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David.

 

 

 

1759 – British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1788 – NY City becomes 1st capital of US

1789 – 1st loan to US government (from NYC banks)

1847 – American-Mexican war: US Gen Winfield Scott captures Mexico City

1861 – 1st naval battle of Civil War, Union frigate “Colorado” sinks privateer “Judah” off Pensacola, Fla

1869 – Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market

1881 – Lewis Latimer invents & patents electric lamp with a carbon filament

1898 – Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film

1906 – 1st airplane flight in Europe

1922 – 136.4°F (58°C), El Aziziyah, Libya in shade (world record)

1925 – 1st US University for Blacks, Xavier University, opens in New Orleans

1939 – First (tethered) flight of the Vought-Sikorsky VS-300, one of the first viable American helicopters

 

 

 

1942 – Battle of Edson’s Ridge (2nd Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal

 

 

 

 

 

1943 – Chiang Kai-shek became president of China

1956 – IBM introduces the first computer disk storage unit, the RAMAC 305.

1961 – Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit

1963 – “Outer Limits” premieres on ABC TV

1965 – Beatles win 1st Grammy, for Best Group of 1964

1971 – 11 guards & 31 prisoners die in take over at Attica State Prison

1977 – General Motors introduces 1st US diesel auto (Oldsmobile 88)

 

 

 

1978 – 1st flight of McDonnell Douglas F-18A Hornet

 

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – US mint strikes 1st gold coin in 50 years (Olympic Eagle)

1988 – Gilbert is strongest (26.13 barometer) hurricane in Western Hemisphere

1994 – George Burns, undergoes surgery to drain fluid from his brain

1999 – Bomb explodes in Moscow, Russia. At least 119 people are killed.

2008 – Hurricane Ike makes landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast of the United States, causing heavy damage to Galveston Island, Houston and surrounding areas.

 

 

 

 

Births

1475 – Cesare Borgia, Italian aristocrat (d. 1507)

1739 – Grigory Potemkin, army officer, statesman, Catherine II’s lover, OS

1766 – Samuel Wilson, possible namesake of Uncle Sam (d. 1854)

1775 – Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine (d. 1868)

 

 

 

1813 – John SedgwickMajor General (Union volunteers), died in 1864

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1851 – Walter ReedUS Army Surgeon, proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1857 – Milton S HersheyDerry TownshipPennsylvaniachocolate manufacturer/philanthropist, (d. 1945)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1860 – John J Pershing (Blackjack), Laclede, Missouri, US commander (WW I), (d. 1948)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1903 – Claudette Colbert, [Lily Chauchoin], Paris, actress (Texas Lady)

1916 – Roald Dahl, Llandaff, Cardiff, author (Over to You, Taste, 2 Fables), (d. 1990).

 

 

 

1922 – Charles BrownAmerican singer , pianist , Bluesman (d. 1999)

 

 

I Stepped In Quicksand

Driftin’ Blues

Early morning Blues

 

 

 

 

1924 – Maurice Jarre, Lyons France, composer (Dr Zhivago-Acad Award 1966)

 

 

 

1925 – Mel TorméAmerican singer (d. 1999)

 

 

A foggy day in London town

Scat

Ella Fitzgerald & Mel Torme

 

 

 

 

1937 – Don Bluth, American animator

1939 – Richard Kiel, Detroit Mich, actor (So Fine, Jaws-Moonraker, Skidoo)

1944 – Peter Cetera, Chicago, lead singer (Chicago-25 or 6 to 4, Old Days)

 

 

 

1951 – David Clayton-Thomas, singer (Blood Sweat & Tears – Joy to the World)

 

 

And When I Die

Lucretia MacEvil / Spinning Wheel

You’ve Made Me So Very Happy

 

 

 

 

1961 – Dave Mustaine, American musician (ex-Metallica, Megadeth)

1977 – Fiona Apple, American singer

 

 

 

Deaths 

1321 – Dante Alighieri, author (Divine Comedy), dies

 

 

 

1759 – James WolfeBritish general (Plains of Abraham), dies in battle at 32

 

 

 

 

 

1881 – Ambrose Everett Burnside, US Union general, dies at 57

1921 – Ludwig-Alexander von Battenberg [Mountbatten], adm (WW I), dies at 67

1967 – Russell L Rogers, USAF/astronaut (X-20), dies in explosion at 38

1971 – Nikita Krushchev, Soviet premier,

1977 – Leopold Stokowski, symphonic conductors, dies in England, at 95

1987 – Mervyn Leroy, actor/screenwriter/director (Quo Vadis), dies at 86

1992 – Lou Jacobs, US clown (1966 US postage stamp), dies at 89

1996 – Tupac Shakur, rap star/actor (Juice, Bullet), killed in drive by at 25

1998 – George Wallace, American politician (b. 1919)

2004 – Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (b. 1925)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1217 – French prince Louis & English king Henry III sign peace treaty

1396 – Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

1624 – 1st submarine tested (London)

1683 – Turkish troops attack Vienna overthrows by Polish king Sobieski

1695 – NY Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties

1759 – British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.

1776 – Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission

 

 

 

1847 – Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Harpers Ferry VA

 

 

 

 

 

1895 – Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (Engld) in 10th America’s Cup

1901 – Arabs attack Gedara Palestine

1907 – Lusitania arrives in NYC after 5 day crossing of Atlantic (record)

1910 – World’s 1st female cop, Alice Stebbins Wells, appointed (LAPD)

1928 – -17] Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000

1934 – Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR

 

 

 

1935 – Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)

1940 – 4 teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux France discover 17,000-year-old drawings now known as Lascaux Cave Paintings

 

 

 

1943 – Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time

1953 – Sen John F Kennedy, 36, marries Jacqueline Bouvier, 24

1958 – US Supreme Court orders Little Rock Ark high school to integrate

1964 – 1st football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6

1965 – Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida & Louisiana kills 75

1966 – “Monkees” premieres on NBC-TV

1966 – Gemini XI (Charles Conrad & R Gordon) launched for 71-hour flight

1970 – 1st Concorde lands at Heathrow airport

1970 – US LSD professor Timothy Leary escapes from California jail

1970 – Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.

1972 – Ciod War: Icelandic gunboats sink 2 British trawlers in North Sea

1979 – Carl Yastrzemski, is 15th to get 3,000 hits

1983 – Security guard Victor Gerena robs West Hartford company of $7 million

1988 – Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica

1994 – Cessna crashes in White House front yard

1994 – Parti Québécois wins parliamentary election

1995 – Belarus military shoots down a hydrogen balloon, killing its two American pilots.

2001 – Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for only the second time (the other being in Bosnia) in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America.

2005 – Israel completes its withdrawal of all troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip.

 

 

 

 

Births 

1575 – Henry Hudson, England, navigator/explorer (Hudson River)

1806 – Andrew Hull Foote, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1863

1811 – James Hall, US geologist (Natural history of NY)

1812 – Richard Hoe, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1886)

 

 

1818 – Richard Jordan GatlingUS, inventor (hand-cranked machine gun)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1880 – Henry L MenckenBaltimore, Mdnewspaperman/critic (Prejudices)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1892 – Alfred A Knopf, US, publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal)

1906 – Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich, St Petersburg Russia, composer [OS]

1913 – Jesse Owens, track star, spoiled Hitler’s 1936 Olympics with 4 gold

1914 – Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (d. 1999)

1916 – Tony Bettenhausen, American race car driver (d. 1961)

 

 

 

1925 – Dickie MooreLA California, actor (Expert, Oliver Twist, Little Men)

 

 

Stymie Teaches Dickie A Fact Of Life

Stymie Performs First Chiropractic Adjustment

 

 

 

1931 – George Jones, Saratoga Tx, singer (Golden Rings, Oh Lonesome Me)

1934 – Gunther Gebel-Williams, lion tamer (Ringling Bros Circus)

1943 – Maria Muldaur, Greenwich Village, NY, singer (Midnight at the Oasis)

1952 – Neil Peart, Canada, musician and drummer (Rush-A Farewell to Kings)

1954 – Peter Scolari, New Rochelle NY, actor (Jerry-Newhart, Bosom Buddies

1956 – Ricky Rudd, American race car driver

 

 

 

1974 – Jennifer NettlesAmerican country singer, part of Sugarland

 

 

Who Says You Can’t Go Home

The Night the Lights went out in Georgia

Stay

Stuck Like Glue

 

 

 

 

1981 – Jennifer Hudson, Chicago, Illinois, American actress and singer (Dreamgirls, Jennifer Hudson)

 

 

 

Deaths

352 – Maximinus van Trier, bishop of Trier/saint, dies

1213 – Pedro II, [el Catolico], king of Aragon, dies in battle

1591 – Richard Grenville, vice-admiral (Roanoke) dies in battle at 49

 

 

 

1953 – Hugo SchmeisserGerman weapons designer (b. 1884)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Marjorie Post, US philanthropic/multi-millionaire ($200m), dies at 86

1977 – Steven Biko, South African black student leader, dies in police custody

1993 – Raymond Burr, actor (Perry Mason), dies of liver cancer at 76

 

 

 

2003 – Johnny CashAmerican singer and guitarist (b. 1932)

 

 

Walk The Line

Ring of Fire

A Boy Named Sue

 

 

 

 

2009 – Norman BorlaugAmerican agronomist (b. 1914)

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1185 – Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.

 

 

 

1297 – Battle at Stirling BridgeScottish rebel Wm Wallace beats English

 

 

 

 

 

1648 – -13] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki’s beats John Casimir [OS]

1649 – Massacre of Drogheda-Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists

1773 – Benjamin Franklin writes “There never was a good war or bad peace”

1777 – Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British

1792 – The Hope Diamond is stolen along with other crown jewels when six men break into the house used to store the jewels.

 

 

 

1814 – Battle of Lake ChamplainNY; American Navy defeats British

 

 

 

 

 

1857 – Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah

1875 – 1st newspaper cartoon strip

1886 – Mayflower (US) beats Galatea (England) in 7th America’s Cup

1895 – FA Cup stolen in Birmingham

1903 – The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.

1914 – William Christopher Handy publishes “St Louis Blues”

1919 – US marines invade Honduras

1936 – FDR dedicates Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam

1939 – British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley

1940 – Buckingham Palace in London destroyed by German bombs

1941 – Construction of the Pentagon begins (completed 15 Jan 1943)

1950 – “Beetle Bailey” comic strip debuts

1959 – “Duke” Ellington wins Springarn Medal for his musical achievements

1959 – Congress passes a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans

1967 – US Surveyor 5 makes 1st chemical analysis of lunar material

1970 – The Ford Pinto is introduced.

1985 – Flyby of Comet Giacobini-Zinner

1986 – Dow Jones Industrial Avg suffered biggest 1-day decline ever, plummeting 86.61 points to 1,792.89. 237.57 million shares traded

1989 – Drexel formally pleads guilty to security fraud

1998 – Independent counsel Kenneth Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of 11 possible impeachable offenses.

2001 – Terrorists hijack two passenger planes crashing them into New York’s World Trade Towers causing the collapse of both & death of 2,752 people

2001 – Attempt by passengers and crew of United Airlines Flight 93 to retake control of their hijacked plane from terrorists causes plane to crash in Pennsylvania field killing all 64 people onboard

2003 – Swedish foreign minister Anna Lindh dies after being assaulted and fatally wounded on September 10.

2004 – All passengers are killed when a helicopter crashes in the Aegean Sea. Passengers include Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and 16 others (including journalists and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria).

2005 – The State of Israel completes its unilateral disengagement from the Gaza Strip.

2007 – Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of all bombs

 

 

 

 

Births

1182 – Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (d. 1204)

1614 – Philipp Buchner, composer

1816 – Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (d. 1888)

1862 – O Henry, [William Sydney Porter], short story writer

1885 – David Herbert Lawrence (DH), Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, writer (Lady Chatterly’s Lover), (d. 1930)

1902 – Alice Tully, Corning, NY, singer/patroness (Carnegie Hall)

1913 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, US football coach (Alabama Crimson Tide)

1924 – Tom Landry, NFL player (NY Giants)/coach (Dallas Cowboys)

1929 – David S Broder, Chicago Hgts Ill, journalist (Pulitzer 1973)

1939 – Lola Falana, Camden NJ, singer (Liberation of LB Jones)

1940 – Theodore Olson, U.S. Solicitor General

1943 – Mickey Hart, drummer (Grateful Dead)

1945 – Leo Kottke, Athens Ga, guitarist (Ice Water, Greenhouse)

1949 – Bill Whittington, race car driver

1957 – Brad Bird, American director and animator

 

 

 

1967 – Harry Connick JrNew Orleans Louisianasinger (We Are in Love)

 

 

 

Don’t Get Around Much Anymore

All Of Me 

It Had To Be You

The Way You Look Tonight

Saint James Infirmary

Caravan with Ellis Marsalis

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

1298 – Philip of Artois, French soldier (b. 1269)

1680 – Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (b. 1596)

1712 – Giovanni D Cassini, French astronomer, dies

1915 – William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (b. 1843)

1950 – John C Smuts, co-found British RAF/South African PM (1919..48), dies at 80

1966 – C. E. Woolman, American airline magnate (b. 1889)

1971 – Nikita Khrushchev, dies of a heart attack at 77

1972 – Max Fleischer, American animator (b. 1883)

1987 – Lorne Greene, actor (Bonanza, Battlestar Galactica), dies at 72

1987 – Peter Tosh, reggae singer shot dead in Jamacia at 42

1988 – George Alpert, railroad executive, dies at 90

1988 – Luis W Alvarez, physicist (Nobel-1968), dies at 77

1995 – Charles William Hutton, architect, dies at 90

2001 – Alice Stewart Trillin, American author (b. 1938)

 

2001- 2,977 innocent Americans including …

 

2001 – Todd Beamer, passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 (b. 1968)
2001 – Mark Bingham, passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 (b. 1970)
2001 – Tom Burnett, American businessman (b. 1963)
2001 – Peter J. Ganci, Jr., Chief of Department, FDNY (b. 1946)
2001 – Father Mychal F. Judge, Chaplain, FDNY (b. 1933)
2001 – Angel L. Juarbe, Jr., American firefighter (b. 1966)
2001 – John P. O’Neill, American anti-terrorism FBI agent (b. 1952)
2001 – John Ogonowski, pilot for American Airlines Flight 11 (b. 1951)
2001 – Barbara Olson, American political commentator (b. 1955)
2001 – Daniel M. Lewin, founder of Akamai Technologies (b. 1970)

 

 

2002 – Johnny Unitas, American football player (b. 1933)

2003 – Anna Lindh, Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1957)

2003 – John Ritter, American actor (b. 1948)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1349 – Jews who survived a massacre in Constance Germany are burned to death

1608 – John Smith elected president of Jamestown colony council, Va

1776 – George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers

 

 

 

1813 – Comm Oliver H Perry defeats British in Battle of Lake Erie

 

 

 

 

 

1823 – Simon Bolivar named president of Peru

1905 – Japanese battleship Mikasa explodes

1913 – Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highway

1924 – Leopold & Loeb found guilty of murder

 

 

 

1944 – Lt-gen Frederick Browning against Montgomery “But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far

 

operation market garden

 

 

 

 

1945 – Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis

1953 – Swanson sells it’s 1st “TV dinner”

1955 – “Gunsmoke” premieres on CBS TV

1961 – Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators hit by his Ferrari.

1972 – Emerson Fittipaldi is youngest to win an auto race World Championship

1972 – US Men’s olympic basketball teams 1st lose, 51-50 to USSR (disputed)

1973 – Muhammad Ali defeats Ken Norton

1997 – Discovery buys Travel Channel for $20 million

2008 – The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, described as the biggest scientific experiment in the history of mankind is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland.

 

 

 

 

Births 

1736 – Carter Braxton, US farmer/signer (Declaration of Independence)

1836 – Joseph Wheeler II, Maj Gen (Confederacy/Cavalry/Army of Tennessee)

1892 – Arthur H Compton, US physicist (X-rays)

1896 – Elsa Schiaparelli, French fashion designer

1914 – Robert Wise, director (Day the Earth Stood Still, West Side Story)

1934 – Charles Kuralt, Wilmington NC, newscaster (On the Road)

1934 – Roger Maris, Hibbing, Minnesota, Yankee, HR champ (61 in 1961, AL MVP 1960, 1961), (d. 1985)

1941 – Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist (d. 2002)

1949 – Bill O’Reilly, American journalist and commentator

1950 – Joe Perry, Boston Mass, rock guitarist (Aerosmith-Walk this Way)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

210 BC – Qin Shi Huang, first emperor of China.

1167 – Empress Matilda, wife of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1102)

1308 – Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (b. 1285)

1797 – Mary Wollstonecraft, English author (b. 1759)

1983 – Felix Bloch, Swiss-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)

1997 – Burgess Meredith, actor (Penguin-Batman, Rocky), dies at 88

 

 

 

2005 – Clarence “Gatemouth” BrownBluesman , American musician

 

 

 I’ve Got My Mojo Working

okie dokie stomp

Up Jumped The Devil

Jazz Funeral / Second Line for Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1000 – Battle of Svolder, Viking Age.

1543 – Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned “Queen of Scots” in the central Scottish town of Stirling.

1675 – New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians

1776 – Continental Congress renames “United Colonies,” “US”

1830 – Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, NJ

1850 – California becomes 31st state

1908 – Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Va

1914 – World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.

1926 – National Broadcasting Co created by Radio Corporation of America

1932 – Steamboat SS Observation explodes in NYC East River (71 killed)

1942 – 1st bombing on continental US soil, Mount Emily Oregon (WW II)

1945 – 1st “bug” in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweasers from a relay & taped into the log

1955 – Elvis Presley’s 1st appearance on Ed Sullivan’s Show

1957 – Pres Eisenhower signs 1st civil rights bill since Reconstruction

1963 – Alabama Gov George Wallace served a federal injunction to stop orders of state police to bar black students from enrolling in white schools

1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1967 – 1st successful Test flight of a Saturn V

1970 – Bowie Kuhn suspends Denny McLain for carrying a gun

1975 – Viking 2 Mars probe launch

1977 – 1st TRS-80 computer sold

1978 – Iraqi Ayatollah Khomeini calls for uprising in Iranian army

1982 – Conestoga 1, 1st private commercial rocket, makes suborbital flight

1983 – Radio Shack announces their color computer 2 (Coco2)

1987 – Gary Hart admits on “Nightline,” to cheating on his wife

1988 – US swamps NZ at 27th America`s Cup: NZ set to appeal

1991 – Only 1,695 fans watch Boston Red Sox play Cleveland

1997 – Sinn Fein accepts Mitchell Principles on para-military disarmament

2004 – 2004 Australian embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.

 

 

 

 

Births 

214 – Aurelian, Roman Emperor (d. 275)

1466 – Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (d. 1523)

1711 – Thomas Hutchinson, American politician (d. 1780)

1754 – William Bligh, ship’s captain (HMS Bounty)

1789 – William Cranch Bond, US, astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion)

1828 – Leo Tolstoi, Russian writer (War & Peace, Anna Karenina) 

1890 – Harland Sanders, Henryville Ind, colonel/CEO (Kentucky Fried Chicken), (d. 1980)

1919 – Jimmy “the Greek” Snyder, gambler/sportscaster (lay you 5 to 1)

1920 – Robert Wood Johnson III, American philanthropist (d. 1970)

1923 – Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1925 – Cliff Robertson, La Jolla California, actor (Charly)/spokesman for AT&T

1928 – Julian E “Cannonball” Adderley, US, jazz musician (Black Messiah)

 

 

 

 

1941 – Otis ReddingDawson Gasoul singer (Sitting on the Dock of the Bay)

 

 

I’ve Been Loving You Too Long

Try A Little Tenderness

The Dock of the Bay

My Girl

Shake with Eric Burden

Respect

Satisfaction

 

 

 

 

1952 – Lee M Morin, Manchester NH, cmdr USN/astronaut

1960 – Mario Batali, American chef and restauranteur

 

 

 

1966 – Adam Sandler, Brooklyn New York, actor/comedian (Billy Madison, Happy Gilmore, Saturday Night Live)

 

 

Lunch Lady

Piece Of S..t Car

HANUKKAH SONG

The Waterboy

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

1000 – Olaf I of Norway

1087 – William I, The Conqueror, King of England/Duke of Normandy, dies

1513 – James IV, king of Scotland (1488-1513), dies in battle at 40

1901 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter, dies at 36

1909 – Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad entrepreneur (b. 1848)

1976 – Mao Tse-Tung, Chinese communist party chairman (1949-76), dies at 82

1978 – Jack L Warner, US movie production (Warner Bros), dies at 86)

 

 

 

1996 – Bill Monroebluegrass vocalist (created bluegrass music), dies at 84

 

 

Blue Moon Of Kentucky

Rawhide

Blue Grass Breakdown

Roll In My Sweet Baby’s Arms

Banks of the Ohio with Doc Watson

Bill Monroe & Earl Scruggs at the Grand Ole Opry

 

 

 

 

 

1996 – Jack Pepys, immunologist, dies at 82

1999 – Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (b. 1946)

2003 – Larry Hovis, American actor (b. 1936)

2003 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist,( Father of the H-Bomb) dies at 95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1141 – -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams

1380 – Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow’s great monarch Dimitri beats Mongols

1449 – Battle of Tumu Fortress – Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor.

1504 – Michelangelo’s David is unveiled in Florence.

1565 – 1st permanent settlement in US forms (St Augustine, Florida)

1664 – Dutch surrender New Amsterdam (NY) to 300 English soldiers

1727 – A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.

1847 – US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey

1863 – Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces

1883 – Northern Pacific RR’s last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont

1914 – World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war.

1923 – Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.

1930 – Richard Drew creates Scotch tape

1943 – Gen Eisenhower announce unconditional surrender of Italy in WW II

1944 – World War II: London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.

1954 – SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia

1957 – Jackie Wilson, releases his 1st solo single “Reet Petite”

1965 – Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana & Florida

1966 – “Star Trek” premieres on NBC-TV

1970 – Hijacking (and subsequent destruction) of three airliners to Jordan by Palestinians; the events to follow would later become known as Black September

1974 – Pres Gerald Ford pardons former Pres R Nixon of all federal crimes

1989 – George Brett gets his 2,500th hit

1999 – United States Attorney General Janet Reno names former Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film Waco: The Rules of Engagement contradicting the official government stories.

 

 

 

 

Births

1157 – Richard I, [Richard the Lion Hearted], King of England (1189-99)

1271 – Charles Martel d’Anjou, son of Charles II of Naples (d. 1295)

1779 – Mustafa IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08)

1828 – Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1829 – George Crook, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890

1841 – Antonín Dvorák, Nelahozeves Czech, composer (New World Symphony)

1841 – Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of James A. Garfield (d. 1882)

1884 – Théodore Pilette, Belgian racing driver (d. 1921)

 

 

 

1897 – Jimmie RodgersMendoza Misscountry singer/singing brakeman

 

 

Waiting for a Train

Blue Yodel No 1

 

 

 

 

1907 – Leon Askin, Vienna Austria, actor (Pierre-Charlie Farrell Show)

1914 – Hillary Brooke, Abbott & Costello’s neighbor (Hillary)

1915 – Frank Cady, actor (Mr Drucker-Green Acres), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1922 – Sid CaesarYonkers NYcomedian (Your Show of Shows)

 

 

The Clock

The German General

Health Food Restaurant

What is Jazz?

IT’S A MAD, MAD, MAD, MAD WORLD The Hardware Store Scene

 

 

 

 

 

1925 – Peter Sellers, England, actor (The Mouse That Roared , Bobo, Pink Panther), (d. 1980) See Death of July 24

1932 – Patsy Cline, Winchester Va, country singer (Crazy)

1939 – Guitar Shorty, American musician

1945 – Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, California, rocker (Grateful Dead, Grass Roots)

1951 – Mark McCumber, golfer

1979 – Pink [Alecia Beth Moore], Doylestown, Pennsylvania, singer (Get the Party Started, Just Like a Pill)

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

780 – Leo IV de Chazaar, Byzantine Emperor (775-80), dies

1100 – Clement III, [Wibert van Ravenna], 1st anti-pope (1084-1100), dies

1780 – Enoch Poor, American Continental Army general (b. 1736)

1895 – Adam Opel, German manufacturer (motorcars), dies at 58

1935 – Huey P Long, (Sen-La) assassinated at Baton Rouge Capitol building

1949 – Richard Strauss, German composer (Also sprach Zarathustra), dies at 85

1965 – Dorothy Danridge, actress (Island in the Sun), dies at 41 in Hollywood

1970 – Percy Spencer, inventor of the microwave oven, (b. 1894)

1979 – Jean Seberg, actress (Breathless, Airport), commits suicide at 40

1985 – John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)

2003 – Leni Riefenstahl, German film director (b. 1902)

2004 – Frank Thomas, American animator (b. 1913)

2006 – Peter Brock, Australian racecar driver (b. 1945)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1251 BC – A solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes, Greece.

70 – Roman army under Titus occupies & plunders Jerusalem

1191 – Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf – Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.

1800 – Zion AME Church dedicated (NYC)

 

 

 

 

1812 – Battle at BorodinoNapoleon-Kutuzov

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1813 – “Uncle Sam” was 1st used to refer to US (Troy Post of NY)

1876 – Bank robbery by James/Younger fails (Cole/Bob/Jim Younger arrested)

1880 – Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters

1892 – James Corbett KOs John Sullivan in 21 for heavyweight boxing title

1896 – 1st closed-circuit auto race, at Cranston, RI

1909 – Eugene Lefebvre (1878-1909), while test piloting a new French-built Wright biplane, crashes at Juvisy France when his controls jam. Lefebvre dies, becoming the first ‘pilot’ in the world to lose his life in a powered heavier-than-air craft.

1915 – John Gruelle patents his Raggedy Ann doll

1916 – Workmen’s Compensation Act passed by Congress

1927 – Philo Farnsworth demonstrates 1st use of TV in SF

1936 – Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation

1948 – 1st use of synthetic rubber in asphaltic concrete, Akron Oh

1956 – Bell X-2 sets Unofficial manned aircraft altitude record 126,000’+

1963 – 1st US TV appearance of Beatles (Big Night Out-ABC)

1963 – Pro Football Hall of Fame dedicated in Canton Ohio

1970 – PLO hijacks 4 planes

1973 – Jackie Stewart becomes Formula 1 world champion

1977 – Pres Carter & Gen Herrera sign Panama Canal treaties

1979 – The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network (ESPN) makes its debut.

1997 – The first test flight of the F-22 Raptor takes place.

1998 – Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University

 

 

 

Births

786 – Emperor Saga, 52nd Emperor of Japan (d. 842)

1533 – Elizabeth, daughter of English king Henry VIII & Anna Boleyn

1737 – Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomist/physicist

1836 – August Toepler, German physicist (d. 1912)

1860 – Grandma Moses [Anna Maria], NY, primitive painter (Old Oaken Bucket), (d. 1961)

1885 – Harry Sinclair Lewis, US, writer (Babbitt, Nobel 1930)

1909 – Elia Kazan, Constaninople Turkey, director (Streetcar Named Desire)

1912 – David Packard, electronic engineer/businessman

1914 – James Van Allen, US physicist (discovered Van Allen radiation belts)

1922 – Arthur Ferrante, pianist/composer (Ferrante & Tachere-Exodus)

1923 – Peter Lawford, London England, actor (Mrs Miniver, Thin Man)

1927 – Don Messick, cartoon voice (Bam-bam, Astro, Scooby-Doo) or 1935

 

 

 

 

1934 – Little MiltonAmerican musician , Bluesman (d. 2005)

 

 

 The Blues is Alright

Who’s Cheating Who?

We’re Gonna Make It

My Dog and Me

That’s What Love Will Make You Do with Jimmy Vaughan

His Old Lady

If Walls Could Talk

I Can’t Quit You Baby

 

 

 

 

 

1936 – Buddy Holly, Lubbock Tx, singer (Peggy Sue, That’ll Be the Day), (d. 1959)

1942 – Garrison Keillor, humorist (Praire Home Companion)

1942 – Richard Roundtree, actor (Shaft, Earthquake)

1950 – Peggy Noonan, author (What I Saw at the Revolution)

1951 – Chrissie Hynde, Akron Oh, rocker (Pretenders-Mystery Achievement)

1969 – Angie Everhart, Akron Ohio, model/actress (Jade, Last Action Hero)

1975 – Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle road racer (d. 2007)

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

355 – Claudius Silvanus, Roman usurper

1151 – Geoffrey Plantagenet, earl of Anjou/duke of Normandy, dies at 38

1943 – J. P. Morgan, Jr., American financier (b. 1867)

 

 

 

 

1969 – Everett McKinley Dirksen, (Sen-R), dies at 73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Keith Moon, rock drummer (Who), dies of drug OD at 31

1994 – James Clavell, author (Shogun, Tai-Pan), dies at 69

1994 – Terence Young, British director (Thunderball), dies of at 79

 

 

 

 

2002 – Uziel GalIsraeli firearm designer (b. 1923)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2003 – Warren ZevonAmerican musician (b. 1947)

 

 

Lawyers, Guns and Money

Excitable Boy

Werewolves of London

Mohammed’s Radio

Roland The Headless Thompson Gunner

Last Letterman Appearance

 

 

 

 

 

2010 – John Kluge, American Businessman (b. 1914)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1492 – Columbus’ fleet leaves Gomera, Canary islands

1522 – Magellen with Vittoria returns to Spain, after 1st round world trip

1622 – Spanish silver fleet disappears off Florida Keys; 1,000s die

1628 – Puritans land at Salem, from Mass Bay Colony, witches soon to settle

1716 – 1st US lighthouse built (Boston)

 

 

 

1776 – 1st (failed) submarine attack (David Bushnell’s “Turtle” attacks British 64 Gun Frigate “Eagle” in Bay of NY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1819 – Thomas Blanchard patents lathe

1861 – General Grant occupies Paducah Kentucky

1862 – Stonewall Jackson occupies Frederick, Maryland

1866 – Frederick Douglass is 1st US black delegate to a national convention

1886 – Queen Victoria establishes Distinguished Service Order (DSO) award

 

 

 

1901 – Pres William McKinleyshot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at Pan American Exposition in Buffalo NY, he dies 8th days later

 

File:McKinley last photo.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

1909 – Word received, Adm Peary discovers North Pole 5 months earlier

1913 – 1st aircraft to loop the loop (Adolphe Pégoud-France)

1914 – Battle of Marne; Germans prevented from occupying Paris

1917 – French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft

1939 – 1st German air attack on Great-Britain in WW II

1941 – All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star

1954 – US plane shot down above Siberia

1957 – Elvis records “White Xmas,” “Silent Night” & “Here Comes Santa Claus”

1963 – Church bombed in Birmingham AL, kills 4 African-American girls

1983 – USSR admits to shooting down KAL 007 on 9/2

1991 – USSR recognizes independence of the 3 Baltic republics

1991 – The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia’s second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.

1995 – Cal Ripken Jr breaks Gehrig’s record, plays in 2,131 straight games

 

 

 

Births 

1697 – Willem Gideon Deutz, Amsterdam regent/banker/merchant

1711 – Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (d. 1787)

 

 

 

1757 – Marquis de LafayetteAmerican patriotFrench revolutionary

 

 

 

 

1766 – John Dalton, English physicist, developed atomic theory of matter

1817 – Alexander Tilloch Galt, a Canadian founding father

1819 – William Starke Rosecrans, Mjr General (Union volunteers)

 

 

 

1893 – Claire ChennaultAmerican pilot (d. 1958)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1904 – Maxie Rosenbloom, NYC, light heavyweight boxing champ (1930-34)

1919 – Wilson Greatbatch, American Inventor

 

 

 

1925 – Jimmy Reed, Mississippi, blues singer (Soulin’, Big Boss Man) See Aug 29th Death of

 

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – Jo Anne Worley, Lowell Indiana, comedienne (Laugh-in)

1939 – David Allan Coe, country musician (Mysterious Rhinestone Cowboy)

1943 – George Roger Waters, Cambridge, England, rock bassist and vocalist (Pink Floyd-Brick in the Wall)

1954 – Banner Thomas, rocker (Molly Hatchet)

1954 – Carly Fiorina, Former CEO of Hewlett-Packard

1958 – Jeff Foxworthy, comedian (Jeff Foxworthy-The Jeff Foxworthy Show)

1963 – Mark Chesnutt, Beaumont Tx, country singer (Too Cold at Home)

1963 – Geert Wilders, Dutch politician

1974 – Nina Persson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)

1979 – Foxy Brown, American rapper

 

 

 

Deaths

394 – Eugenius, linguistic/anti emperor of Rome (392-94), dies in battle

1536 – William Tyndale, Protestant bible translator (b. c. 1494)

1625 – Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)

1649 – Robert Dudley, English navigator/writer (Arcano del Mare), dies

1701 – James II [Stuart], king of England (1685-88), dies at 68

1782 – Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, wife of Thomas Jefferson (b. 1748)

1902 – Frederick A Able, English chemist/inventor (cordiet), dies at 75

1945 – John S Mccain, US admiral, (WW II-Pacific Ocean), dies

1959 – Edmund Gwenn, actor (Them, Java Head, Miracle on 34th St), dies at 83

1981 – Christy Brown, Irish author (b. 1932)

1984 – Ernest Tubb, singer (Grand Ole Opry), dies at 70

1990 – Tom Fogerty, rocker (Creedence Clearwater), dies of tuberculosis at 48

1995 – Buster Mathis, heavyweight boxer, dies at 52

 

 

 

1998 – Akira KurosawaJapanese film director (b. 1910)

 

 

Seven Samurai

Ran 

Rashomon 

Yojimbo

99th Birthday Director’s Tribute

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1519 – 2nd Battle of Tehuacingo, Mexico: Hernan Cortes vs Tlascala Aztecs

1622 – Richelieu becomes cardinal

1774 – 1st Continental Congress assembles, in Philadelphia

 

 

 

1781 – Battle of Virginia CapesFrench defeat Britishtraps Cornwallis

 

 

 

 

 

1793 – In the French Revolution, the “Reign of Terror” begins

1836 – Sam Houston elected president of Republic of Texas

1885 – 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind)

 

 

 

1914 - Battle of Marne (WW I) beginsGermans chase out Russians

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – Flyweights Gene LaRue & Kid Pancho KO each other simultaneously

1925 – 112 F (44°C), Centerville, Alabama (state record)

1942 – British & US bomb Le Havre & Bremen

1960 – Cassius Clay captures Olympic light heavyweight gold medal

1967 – -23] Hurricane Beuleah, kills 54 in Caribbean, Mexico & Texas

1968 – 21 killed by hijackers aboard a Pan Am jet in Karachi Pakistan 

 

 

 

1972 – 11 Israeli athletes are slain at Munich Olympics by Black September

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme attempts to assassinate Ford in Sacramento

1977 – Voyager 1 (US) launched toward fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn

1982 – Eddie Hill sets propeller-driven boat water speed record of 229 mph

1986 – Karachi Pakistan army storms hijacked US B-747, 19 killed

2007 – Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda are arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.

 

 

 

 

Births 

1567 – Date Masamune, Renowned Samurai and Daimyo in Japan (d. 1636)

1750 – Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (Scots poems)

 

 

 

1847 – Jesse James, Missouri, outlaw, son of a clergyman, (d. 1882)

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – Darryl F Zanuck, film magnate/president (20th Century Fox)

1905 – Arthur Koestler, Hungary, British writer (Arrow in Blue)

 

 

 

1907 –  Albert “Sunnyland Slim” Luandrew , blues pianist

 

 

Woman I Ain’t Gonna Drink No More Whiskey

Tin Pan Alley

Come On Home Baby with Hubert Sumlin

in Antone’s: Home of the Blues

You Put That Thing On Me

 

 

 

 

1929 – Bob Newhart, Oak Park Ill, comedian (Bob Newhart ShowNewhart)

 

 

The Grace L. Ferguson Airline

The Driving Instructor

“Defusing A Bomb”

Bob Newhart Show 20th Anniversary Special–Pt. 4

The Bob Newhart Show Bloopers

The Last Newhart: final scene

 

 

 

 

1940 – Raquel Welch, Chic Ill, (Myra Breckenridge, 1,000,000 BC, 100 Rifles)

1946 – Buddy Miles, rocker

1946 – Freddie Mercury, [Bulsara], British vocalist (Queen-We are Champions)

1946 – Loudon Wainwright III, vocalist (April Fool’s Day Morn)

1969 – Dweezil Zappa, Hollywood CA, rock guitarist/son of Frank/VJ (MTV)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1566 – Suleiman I, Great Law Giver, sultan of Turkey (1520-66), dies at 71

1786 – Jonas Hanway, English merchant, traveler, and philanthropist (b. 1712)

1857 – Auguste Comte, French sociologist (b. 1798)

1877 – Crazy Horse, [Tashunka Witko], last great Sioux war chief, dies at 27

1912 – Arthur MacArthur, Jr., U.S. Army general (b. 1845)

1972 – Josef Romano, Israeli olympian, murdered

1972 – Mosje Weinberg, Israeli olympic wrestling coach, murdered

1988 – Gert Froebe, actor (Lover’s Wood, Upper Hand , Goldfinger), dies at 75

1995 – James “Pigmeat” Jarrett, pianist, dies at 95

1997 – Mother Teresa, Nobel (1979), dies of cardiac arrest at 87

1999 – Allen Funt, American radio and television personality (b. 1914)

2002 – David Todd Wilkinson, American astronomer, author of the first study of the Cosmic microwave background radiation (b. 1935)

2010 – Shoya Tomizawa Japanese MotoGP Racer (b. 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1024 – Conrad II the Sailor chosen German king

1571 – Catholic coup in Scotland

1618 – “Rodi” avalanche destroys Plurs Switzerland, 1,500 killed

1682 – English astronomer Edmund Halley sees his namesake comet

1807 – Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat

1882 – 1st district lit by electricity (NY’s Pearl Street Station)

1885 – 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)

1886 – Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending last major US-Indian war

1888 – George Eastman patents 1st roll-film camera & registers “Kodak”

1918 – US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months

1923 – Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah.

1933 – 1st airplane to exceed 300 mph (483 kph), JR Wendell, Glenview, Il

1950 – 1st helicopter rescue of American pilot behind enemy lines

1950 – D McI Hodgson of St Ann Bay, Nova Scotia catches a 997 lb tuna

1950 – Darlington Raceway is the site of the inaugural Southern 500, the first 500-mile NASCAR race.

1964 – NASA launches its 1st Orbital Geophysical Observatory (OGO-1)

1972 – US swimmer Mark Spitz becomes 1st athlete to win 7 olympic gold medals

1976 – Palestinians hijack KLM DC-9 to Cyprus

1980 – Yes performs its last concert (Madison Square Garden)

1983 – Greg LeMond becomes only American to win cycling’s Road Championship

 

 

 

Births

1241 – Alexander III of Scotland (d. 1286)

1563 – Wanli, Emperor of China (d. 1620)

1622 – Jacob Hintze, composer

1795 – Friedrich [August] von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age)

1810 – Donald McKay, US naval architect, built fastest clipper ships

1826 – Martin Wiberg, Swedish computer pioneer (d. 1905)

1846 – Daniel Burnham, US, architect/built skyscrapers

1908 – Edward Dmytryk, director (Carpetbaggers, Young Lions, Caine Mutiny)

1913 – Stanford Moore, US biochemist (Nobel 1977)

1917 – Henry Ford II, automaker (Ford Motor Co)

 

 

 

1918 – Paul Harvey, Tulsa Oklahoma, news commentator (Rest of the story)

 

 

If I Were the Devil

Letter from God

What is a policeman

The Man and The Birds

 

 

 

1920 – Craig Claiborne, food columnist (NY Times Cookbook)

1928 – Dick York, Fort Wayne Ind, actor (Darrin-Bewitched, Inherit the Wind)

 

 

 

1945 – Daniel Wood Gattonguitarist

 

Sleepwalk solo

boogie woogie

Remington Ride

 

 

 

 

1960 – Damon Wayans, actor/comedian (In Living Color, Major Payne, Blankman)

1968 – Mike Piazza, Norristown PA, catcher (LA Dodgers)

1976 – Clinton R. Nixon, American game designer

1977 – Mark Ronson, English DJ/Producer and co-founder of Allido Records

1981 – Beyoncé Knowles, Houston Texas, singer (Destiny’s Child)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1063 – Toghrül, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad

1784 – Cesar F Cassini “the Thury”, French astronomer (geodesic labor), dies

1804 – Richard Somers, American naval officer

1864 – John Hunt Morgan, American Confederate military leader (b. 1825)

1965 – Albert Schweitzer, German/French missionary (Nobel 1954), dies at 90

1974 – Creighton W Abrams, US general/army staff chief (Vietnam), dies at 59

1986 – Hank Greenberg, American baseball player (b. 1911)

1991 – Dottie West, country singer (Here Comes my Baby), dies at 58 in a car

1994 – Louis Myers, blues guitarist /harmonica player, dies at 64

2006 – Steve Irwin, Australian naturalist and television personality (b. 1962)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

36 BC – In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.

301 – San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.

1189 – England’s King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) crowned in Westminster

1651 – Battle at Worcester-Oliver Cromwell destroys English royalists

1752 – This day never happened nor next 10 as England adopts Gregorian Calendar. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives

1777 – Cooch’s Bridge – Skirmish of American Revolutionary war in New Castle County, Delaware where the Flag of the United States was flown in battle for the first time.

1783 – Treaty of Paris signed (ending US Revolutionary War)

1826 – USS Vincennes leaves NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe

1833 - NY Sun begins publishing (1st daily newspaper)

1902 – Pittsburgh Pirates, win earliest pennent (full season)

1903 – Resolute beats Shamrock III (England) in 13th America’s Cup

1916 – Allies turned back Germans in WW I’s Battle of Verdun

1929 – Dow Jones Industrial Average reached all time high at the time (381.17), which was shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.

1935 – 1st automobile to exceed 300 mph, Sir Malcolm Campbell (301.337 mph)

1939 – Britain declares war on Germany. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, NZ, South Africa & Canada

1940 – US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base leas

1941 – 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)

1950 – “Nino” Farina becomes the first Formula One Drivers’ champion after winning the 1950 Italian Grand Prix.

1971 – Watergate team breaks into Daniel Ellsberg’s doctor’s office

1976 – Viking 2 soft lands on Mars (Utopia), returns photos

1979 – Hurricane David, a strong Atlantic storm kills over 1,000

1995 – eBay founded.

2004 – The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children.

 

 

 

 

Births

1034 – Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (d. 1073)

1724 – Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and Governor of Quebec (d. 1808)

1856 – Louis Henri Sullivan, Boston Mass, father of modern US architecture

1875 – Ferdinand Porsche, German car inventor (Porsche, Volkswagen)

1905 – Carl David Anderson, NYC, physicist (1936 Nobel Prize for physics), (d. 1991)

 

 

 

1916 – Memphis Slim, [Peter Chatman], Bluesman

 

 

Everyday I Have The Blues

Slim’s Boogie

Beer Drinking Woman

Born With The Blues

 live in europe

 

 

 

 

1923 – Mort Walker, cartoonist (Beetle Bailey, Hi & Lois)

1942 – Al Jardine, Lima Oh, guitarist/singer (Beach Boys-Surfin, In My Room)

1947 – Eric Bell, rock guitarist (Thin Lizzy Belfast, N Ireland

1948 – Donald Brewer, Flint Mich, rock drummer (Grand Funk Railroad)

1965 – Charlie Sheen, [Carlos Estavez], NYC, actor (Wall St, Platoon)

1986 – Shaun White, San Diego, California, snowboarder (Olympic gold – 2006, 2010)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1189 – Jacob of Orleans, Rabbi, killed in anti Jewish riot in London England

1205 – Petrus van Poitiers, French theologist (Sententiarum libri V), dies

1634 – Edward Coke, English Chief Justice/politician, dies

1658 – Oliver Cromwell, British general (1653-58)/Lord Protector, dies at 59

1808 – John Montgomery, American Continental Congressman (b. 1722)

1893 – James Harrison, Scottish-born inventor (b. 1816)

1954 – Eugene Paullette, actor (It’s a Date, My Man Godfrey), dies at 65

1962 – e[dward] e cummings, US poet (Tulips & Chimneys), dies at 67

1970 – Al Wilson, “Blind Owl”, guitarist/vocalist (Canned Heat), dies at 27

1970 – Vince Lombardi, football coach (Packers), dies in Washington DC at 57

1991 – Frank Capra, director (It’s a Wonderful Life), dies at 94

2001 – Pauline Kael, American film critic (b. 1919)

2005 – William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

44 BC – Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.

44 BC – The first of Cicero’s Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.

31 BC – Final war of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium – off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.

911 – Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines

1192 – Sultan Saladin & king Richard the lion hearted sign cease fire

1666 – Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed

1789 – US Treasury Department established by Congress

1864 – Union General William T Sherman captures and burns Atlanta

1894 – Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die

1898 – Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain

1898 – Machine gun 1st used in battle

1901 – VP Theodore Roosevelt advises, “Speak softly & carry a big stick”

1930 – 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)

1935 – A hurricane slams Florida Keys killing 423

1944 – During WW II, George Bush ejects from a burning plane

1944 – Holocaust diarist Anne Frank was sent to Auschwitz

1945 – V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri (WW II ends)

1969 – The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.

1998 – The UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.

 

 

 

 

Births

1548 – Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (d. 1616)

1716 – Johann Trier, composer

1778 – Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (d. 1846)

1850 – Albert Spaulding, baseball player/founded Spaulding sports company

1914 – Booker T Laury, blues pianist/vocalist

1917 – Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian guitarist (developed bossa nova)

1936 – Andrew Grove, American computer chip manufacturer

1940 – Jimmy Clanton, Baton Rogue, La, rock vocalist (Just a Dream)

1946 – Billy Preston, Houston, Texas, American soul musician/singer and pianist, 5th Beatle (David Brenner Show)

1948 – Terry Bradshaw, NFL QB (Pittsburgh Steelers)/announcer (CBS, FOX)

1951 – Jim DeMint, American politician

1964 – Keanu Reeves, Beirut, actor (Bill & Ted’s Excellent Adventure, Speed)

1966 – Salma Hayek, Veracruz, Mexico, actress (Desparado)

1990 – Marcus Ericsson, Swedish Racing Driver

 

 

 

 

Deaths

490 BC – Pheidippides, Greek hero

1274 – Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (b. 1242)

1547 – Hernan Cortes, Spanish general defeated Aztec Indians

1834 – Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)

 

 

 

1964 – Alvin YorkAmerican soldier (b. 1887)

 

 

Sgt. Alvin Cullum York

The Home of Alvin C. York (Part 1)

The Home of Alvin C. York (Part 2)

The Home of Alvin C. York (Part 3)

Burial Site of Sgt. Alvin C. York Pall Mall, Tennessee

Sergeant York

 

 

 

1973 – John R R Tolkien, British story writer (Hobbit), dies of ulcer at 81

1992 – Barbara McClintock, US, geneticist (Nobel 1983), dies at 90

2005 – Bob Denver, American actor (b. 1935)

2008 – Bill Meléndez, American character animator (b. 1916)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

479 BC – Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan commander of the Greek army in the Battle of Plataea. Along the with the Greek victory on the same day in the Battle of Mycale, the Persian invasion of Greece is halted.

1585 – Duke van Parma’s troops occupy Antwerp

1667 – Earliest recorded hurricane in US (Jamestown Virginia)

1776 – British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island

1859 – 1st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Penn by Edwin Drake

1881 – Hurricane hits Florida & Carolinas; about 700 die

1883 – Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people

1900 – Battle at Bergendal: Gen Buller beats Boer general Botha

1913 – Lt Peter Nestrov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)

1928 – 16 die in a NYC subway’s 2nd worst accident

1928 – Kellogg-Briand Pact, where 60 nations agree to outlaw war

1937 – George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH

1939 – Erich Warsitz makes 1st jet-propelled flight (in a Heinkel He-178)

1955 – “Guinness Book of World Records” 1st published

1979 – 18 British militia die in ambush/bomb attack in Northern Ireland

1982 – Rickey Henderson steals 119th base of season breaks Lou Brock’s mark

2008 – Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be nominated by a major political party for President of the United States

 

 

 

 

Births

1407 – Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (d. 1425)

1770 – Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher/inventor (dialectic)

 

 

 

1839 – Emory Upton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1881

 

 

 

 

 

 

1871 – Theodore Dreiser, US, novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy)

1874 – Karl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931)

1877 – Charles Stewart Rolls, British auto manufacturer (Rolls-Royce Ltd)

1882 – Samuel Goldwyn, [Gelbfisch], film magnate (MGM)

1899 – Cecil Scott Forester, Engld, historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower)

1904 – John Hay Whitney, American financier (d. 1982)

1908 – Lyndon B Johnson, Stonewall Tx, (D) 36th Pres (1963-1969), (d. 1973)

1952 – Pee-wee Herman, [Paul Reubens], NY, actor (Pee-wee’s Big Adventure)

1953 – Alex Lifeson, Toronto Canada, rock guitarist (Rush)

1954 – Derek Warwick, race car driver

1959 – Gerhard Berger, formula-1 racer (Italian Grand Prix-1988)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1394 – Chokei, Emperor of Japan (b. 1343)

1576 – Titian, [Tiziano Vecelli], Italian painter, dies of plague

1773 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (b. 1721)

1948 – Charles Evans Hughes, U.S. Supreme Court justice (b. 1862)

1964 – Gracie Allen, actress (Burns & Allen), dies at 62

1965 – Le Corbusier, [Charles Jeanneret], Swiss/French architect, dies at 77

1971 – Bennett Cerf, (Random House)/panelist (What’s My Line), dies at 73

1971 – Margaret Bourke-White, US photographer, dies at 67

1979 – Louis Mountbatten, British adm of the Fleet, assassinated by IRA

 

 

 

1990 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, blues guitarist, dies in a helicopter crash at 35

 

Pride And Joy

Texas Flood 

COULDN’T STAND THE WEATHER

Crossfire

Sweet Home Chicago with Eric Clapton, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Buddy Guy, Jimmie Vaughan, Robert Cray

Why I Sing the Blues with BB King , Eric Clapton , Albert King , Etta James , Dr John , Paul Butterfield, Phil Collins, Chaka Khan, Gladys Knight, Billy Ocean

A Tribute to Stevie Ray Vaughan

Albert King & Stevie Ray Vaughan — In Session 1983

Live at the El Mocambo 1983

Honolulu 1984

Today In The Past 

 

 

 

Events

1071 – Battle of Manzikert, Byzantine Armenia (modern Malazgirt, Turkey). Fought between Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks.

 

 

 

1346 – Battle at Crécy-England’s longbows defeat France, cannons used for 1st time in battle

 

Battle of Crécy

 

 

 

1498 – Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà.

1541 – Turkish sultan Suleiman occupies Buda/annexes Hungary

1748 – The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1839 – The ship Amistad is captured off Long Island.

1843 – Charles Thurber patents a typewriter

1907 – Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 sec

 

 

 

 

1946 – George Orwell published “Animal Farm”

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – LBJ nominated at Democratic convention in Atlantic City, NJ

1972 – 20th Olympic games open at Munich German FR

1989 – Trumbull Conn, is 1st US team since 1983 to win Little League WS

1996 – Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law, representing major shift in US welfare policy

 

 

 

 

Births

1676 – Robert Walpole, (Whig) British PM (1721-42) 

1740 – Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, France, aeronaut (ballooning)

1845 – Mary Ann Nichols, English victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)

1898 – Peggy Guggenheim, art patron & collector

1901 – Gen Maxwell D Taylor, former US Army chief of staff

1903 – Jimmy Rushing, US blues singer

1906 – Albert B Sabin, Russia, US microbiologist (oral polio vaccine)

1910 – Mother Teresa, [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Yugoslavia (Nobel Peace Prize 1979)

1960 – Branford Marsalis, jazz saxophonist (Bring on the Night, Tonight Show)

 

 

 

 

Deaths 

1346 – Jan de Blinde, King of Bohemia/count of Luxemburg, dies in battle

1346 – Charles II of Alençon, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1297)

1346 – Rudolph, Duke of Lorraine, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1320)

1850 – Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1773)

1865 – Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73

1910 – William James, American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1842)

1930 – Lon Chaney, actor (Thunder, Big City, Unholy 3), dies at 47

1968 – Kay Francis, actress (Charley’s Aunt, Play Girl), dies of cancer at 65

1974 – Charles Lindbergh, aviator, dies at 72

 

 

 

1980 – Tex Avery, American cartoonist (b. 1908)

 

A Wild Hare

What’s Buzzin’ Buzzard

Dixieland Droopy

The Chump Champ

Ventriloquist Cat

Red hot riding hood

Oh Wolfy 

 

 

 

1986 – Jennifer Levin, strangled by Robert Chambers in Central Park

1986 – Ted Knight, [Tadeus Konopka], actor (Mary Tyler Moore), dies at 62

2004 – Laura Branigan, American singer (b. 1957)

2009 – Dominick Dunne, American writer, Vanity Fair correspondent (b. 1925)

2011 – John McAleese, British SAS Trooper, Team leader during 1980 Iranian Embassy Siege (b. 1949)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past 

 

 

 

Events

49 BC – Julius Caesar’s general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. Curio commits suicide to avoid capture.

79 – Mt Vesuvius erupts, buries Pompeii & Herculaneum, 15,000 die

410 – Rome overrun by Visigoths, symbolized fall of Western Roman Empire

1215 – Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid

1456 – The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed.

1516 – Battle at Aleppo: Turks beat Syria

1704 – Sea battle at Malaga

1814 – British forces captured Washington, DC, & burned down many landmarks

1853 – 1st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs NY)

1891 – Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera

1904 – Field battle at Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian

1909 – Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal

1932 – 1st transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart

1960 – -127°F (-88°C), Vostok, Antarctica (world record)

1970 – Bomb kills 1 at U of Wisconsin’s Army Math Research Center in Madison

1981 – Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 yrs to life for Lennon’s murder

1989 – Pete Rose is suspended from baseball for life for gambling

1992 – Hurricane Andrew hits South Florida; 35 die

1994 – Israel & PLO initialed accord giving autonomy to Palestinians in West Bank in education, health, taxation, social welfare & tourism

1995 – Fire that wipes 6,000 acres begins in Hamptons on Long Island

2006 – The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines the term “planet” such that Pluto is considered a Dwarf Planet.

 

 

 

 

Births

1113 – Geoffrey Plantagenet, France, conquered Normandy

1759 – William Wilberforce, British politician, philanthropist and leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade

1787 – James Weddell, Ostend England, Antarctic explorer (Weddell Sea)

1817 – Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1875)

1872 – Max Beerbohm, England, caricaturist/writer/wit (Saturday Review)

1886 – William Francis Gibbs, naval architect, designed Liberty ships

 

 

 

1905 – Arthur Crudup, American singer and guitarist (d. 1974)

 

 

Born into the Blues

So Glad You’re Mine

That’s All Right- with Elvis Presley

 

 

 

 

 

1915 – Wynonie Harris,  the first rocker

 

 

Don’t Roll Those Bloodshot Eyes At Me

Lovin’ Machine

Keep On Churnin’ (Til The Butter Come)

Good Morning Judge

 

 

 

 

1927 – Harry Markowitz, American economist, Nobel laureate

1951 – Orson Scott Card, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Nebula, Ender’s War)

1960 – Cal Ripken, Havre de Grace Maryland, shortstop (Balt Orioles, game streak)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

79 – Pliny the Elder, Roman writer and naturalist (b. 23)

1217 – Eustace “the Monk”, French buccaneer, dies in battle

1595 – Thomas Digges, English astronomer (Universe Infinite), dies

1680 – Thomas Blood, Irish-born thief of the British crown jewels (b. 1618)

1967 – Henry J Kaiser, industrialist (Boulder Dam, Liberty ship), dies at 85

1975 – Charles H Revson, US cosmetic magnate, dies at 69

 

 

 

1978 – Louis Prima, American singer, dies at 67

 

 Jungle Book

Banana Split for My Baby

That Old Black Magic with Keely Smith

Just a Gigolo & I Ain’t Go Nobody

Buona Sera Signorina

Medley – When you´re smilin, Zooma Zooma, Oh Marie

 

 

 

 

1991 – Bernard Castro, patented convertible couch, dies at 87

1998 – E.G. Marshall, American actor (b. 1910)

2001 – Jane Greer, American actress (b. 1924)

2004 – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

682 – St Leo II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1180 – Yoritomo Minamoto leads uprising against Kiyomori Taira who installed his grandson, Emperor Antoku, to the throne

1498 – Cardinal Borgia renounced his vows & office to marry a French princess

1577 – Peace of Bergerac: Political rights for Huguenots

1590 – John White returns to Roanoke, Virginia to find no trace of colonist’s he had left there 3 yrs earlier [or Aug 18, 1591]

1787 – Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups

1807 – Robert Fulton’s steamboat Clermont begins 1st trip up Hudson River

1835 – Solymon Merrick patents wrench

1863 – Federal batteries & ships attacked Fort Sumter in SC

1869 – 1st international boat race (Thames River, Oxford beats Harvard)

1870 – 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington

1891 – Electric self-starter for automobile patented

1903 – Joe Pulitzer donated $1 million to Columbia U & begins Pulitzer Prizes

1908 – Projection in Paris of the very first cartoon, Fantasmagorie realized by Émile Cohl.

1915 – Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Ga after death sentence for murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life

1918 – Samuel Riddle buys Man o’War for $5,000

1942 – 1st European bombing run undertaken by US forces

1943 – 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde

1945 – Koreas divided on 38th parallel with US occupying the southern area

1957 – Richie Ashburn, fouls hit fan Alice Roth twice in same at bat 1st one breaks her nose, 2nd one hits her while she is on the stretcher

1958 – World’s 1st Moon probe, US’s Thor-Able, explodes at T +77 sec

1960 – Francis Gary Powers U-2 spy trial opens in Moscow

1978 – 1st successful crossing of the Atlantic by balloon (3 Americans)

 

 

 

1979 – Monty Python’s “Life of Brian” premieres

 

Monty Python's Life of Brian

The People’s Front

What have the Romans ever done for us

Biggus Dickus

Stoning

 

 

 

1980 – Azaria Chamberlain disappears, likely taken by a dingo, leading to what was then the most publicised trial in Australian history

1987 – Dow Jones Industrial Avg closes above 2,700 for 1st time (2,700.57)

1996 – Soyuz TM-24, launched into orbit

1998 – Monica Lewinsky scandal: US President Bill Clinton admits in taped testimony that he had an “improper physical relationship” with White House intern Monica Lewinsky. On the same day he admits before the nation that he “misled people” about his relationship.

2005 – The first forced evacuation of settlers, as part of the Israel unilateral disengagement plan, starts.

 

 

 

Births

1607 – Pierre de Fermat, mathematician who needed wider margins (Fermat’s Last Theorem) [or 1608]

1786 – Davy Crockett, Greene County, Tennessee, frontiersman/adventurer/politician (Alamo), (d. 1836)

1851 – Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist/evangelist

1870 – Frederick Russell, developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine

1873 – John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (d. 1946)

1882 – Samuel Goldwyn, [Goldfish], movie producer (MGM)

1893 – Mae West, New York, actress (She Dine him Wrong), (d. 1980)

 

 

 

1896 – Leslie Groves, American military engineer (d. 1970)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1905 – John Hay Whitney, publisher (NY Herald Trib 1961-67)

 

 

 

1921 – Maureen O’Hara, [Fitzsimmons], Dublin, actress (Miracle on 34th St)

 

Quiet Man Country 1

The Quiet Man (1952)The Kiss

 

 

 

 

1929 – Francis Gary Powers, US spy (USSR captures him in 1959 U-2 incident)

 

 

 

 

 

1939 – Luther Allison, Mayflower Ark, rock guitarist (Bad News is Coming)

1943 – Robert De Niro, NYC, actor (Bang the Drum Slowly, Taxi Driver)

1952 – Nelson Piquet, auto racer, 3-time Formula One champ (1981, ’83, ’87)

 

 

 

1959 – David Koresh, American cult leader (d. 1993)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – Jorge Posada, Puerto Rican baseball player

1983 – Dustin Pedroia, American baseball player

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1304 – Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (b. 1243)

1553 – Charles III, Duke of Savoy, dies

1785 – Jonathan Trumbull, US patriot, dies

1865 – Mosby Munroe Parsons, US Confederate gen-maj, dies in battle

1896 – Bridget Driscoll, 1st Brit to die in an auto-accident

1973 – Paul Williams, rocker (Temptations), commits suicide at 32

 

 

 

1979 – Vivian Vance, actress (Ethel Mertz-I Love Lucy), dies of cancer at 67

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – Ira Gershwin, lyricist, dies in Beverly Hills at 86

 

Ella Fitzgerald sings Ira – “Summertime” (TV Special 1968)

 

 

 

1990 – Pearl Bailey, actress (Landlord)/singer, dies of heart attack at 72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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