Tag Archive: Events


Today In The Past

 

 

 Events 

374 - Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth

527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne

705 - Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI

1064 - Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik

1318 - Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.

1340 - Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.

1504 - English guilds/corp goes under state control

1581 - Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II

1663 - Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)

1793 - Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000

1826 - Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine

1862 - Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson’s Battle of Woodstock, VA

1863 - 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect

1865 - -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama

1865 - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee’s army

1866 - US Congress rejects presidential veto gives all equal rights in US

1873 - British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die

1889 - 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)

1891 - The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.

1910 - Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk

1918 - United Kingdom’s Royal Flying Corps replaced by Royal Air Force

1924 - Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co

1924 - Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted

1924 - The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.

1925 - Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated [see May 9, 1925]

1927 - 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master’s Voice

1928 - Chiang Kai-shek’s army crosses Yang-tse

1929 - Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo

1929 - Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate

1931 - Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball

1934 - Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers

1935 - 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY

1938 - Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, NY

1938 - Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1941 - Navy takes over Treasure Island (SF Bay)

1944 - Japanese troops conquer Jessami, East-India

1945 - US forces invade Okinawa during WW II

1946 - 400,000 US mine workers strike

1946 - Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo Hawaii

1946 - Weight Watchers forms

1947 - 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat

1952 - Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow

1954 - 1st army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC

1954 - Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed

1954 - US Air Force Academy forms

1955 - Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam

1955 - EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus

1956 - Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380

1960 - Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000

1960 - 1st weather satellite launched (TIROS 1)

1964 - 10°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April

1966 - 1st world festival of black art (Dakar Senegal)

1969 - The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the RAF.

1970 - Pres Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements on 1/1/71

1973 - Japan allows its citizens to own gold

1974 - Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran

1976 - Stephen Wozniak & Steven Jobs founded Apple Computer

1976 - Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S..

1976 - Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore.

1979 - Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah

1980 - Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz

1980 - New York City’s Transit Worker Union 100 begins a strike lasting 11 days.

1981 - CNN airs a videotape that shows that Tamara Rand predicted that Reagan is in danger from someone named Jack Humley (a hoax)

1982 - US formally transfers Canal Zone to Panama

1983 - Anti-nuke demonstrators link arms in 14-mile human chain in England

1984 - 3rd NCAA Womens Basketball Championship: Southern Cal beats Tenn 72-61

1984 - 8 men record longest distance (13 miles) rowed in 24 hours

1986 - US sub Nathaniel Green runs aground in Irish Sea

1986 - World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel

1990 - Guns & Roses’ Duff divorces Mandy Brix, lead singer for Lame Flames

1990 - It becomes illegal in Salem Oregon to be within 2′ of nude dancers

1991 - Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years

1991 - Supreme Court rules jurors can’t be barred from serving due to race

1991 - US minimum wage goes from $3.80 to $4.25 per hour

1991 - Warsaw Pact officially dissolves

1992 - Battleship USS Missouri (on which, Japan surrendered) decommissioned

1992 - Last defendant in St John sex assault case sentenced to 3 yrs prob

1995 - NY Islanders retire Bobby Nystrom’s uniform #23

1997 - 69 year old Gordie Howe begins playing AHL game with Syracuse Crunch

1997 - Comet Hale-Bopp Perihelion (0.914 AU)

2001 - Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.

2002 - The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.

2004 - Google introduces its Gmail product to the public. The launch is met with scepticism on account of the launch date.

2009 - Croatia and Albania joined NATO

2011 - After protests against the burning of the Quran turned violent, a mob attacked a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and killed thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.

 

 

 

Births

1220 - Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)

1283 - Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)

1543 - François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (d. 1626)

1578 - William Harvey, England, physician (discovered blood circulation)

1610 - Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)

1640 - Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)

1647 - John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)

1697 - Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)

1755 - Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)

1765 - Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)

1776 - Sophie Germain, French mathematician (d. 1831)

1815 - Otto Von Bismarck, Germany, chancellor (1866-90)

1823 - Simon Bolivar Buckner, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1914

1834 - Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)

1847 - Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)

1852 - Edward Austin Abbey, US, painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)

1856 - Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)

1865 - Richard Zsigmondy, Germany, chemist (Nobel-1925)

1873 - Sergei Rachmaninoff, Novgorod Russia, composer (Prelude in C# Minor)

1882 - Paul Anspach, Belgian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1991)

1883 - Lon Chaney, CO, man of 1000 faces, actor (High Noon, Phantom of Opera)

1886 - Wallace Beery, KC MO, actor (Alias a Gentleman, Dinner at 8)

1895 - Alberta Hunter, blues singer/composer (Downhearted Blues)

1898 - William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)

1901 - Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)

1905 - Clara “Mother” Hale, US social worker (Hale House)

1906 - Sigve Lie, Norway, yachtsmans (Olympic-gold-1948, 52)

1909 - Eddie Duchin, Mass, society pianist/bandleader (Eddie Duchin Orch)

1919 - Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)

1920 - Toshiro Mifune, Tsing-tao China, writer/actor (Shogun)

1922 - William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)

1926 - Anne [Inez] McCaffrey, US, sci-fi author (Dragonflight, Dragondrums)

1928 - George Grizzard, NC, actor (Wrong is Right, Bachelor Party, Attica)

1928 - Jane Powell, Portland Oregon, singer/actress (7 Brides for 7 Brothers)

1929 - Milan Kundera, Czech poet/writer (Joke, Unbearable Lightness of Being)

1929 - Bo Schembechler, American football coach (d. 2006)

1932 - Debbie Reynolds, El Paso Texas, actress (Singin’ in the Rain)

1932 - Gordon Jump, Dayton Ohio, actor (Arthur Carlson-WKRP, Growing Pains)

1934 - Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist

1938 - John Quade, American actor

1939 - Ali MacGraw, Pound Ridge NY, actress (Love Story, Goodbye Columbus)

1939 - Phil Niekro, knuckleball pitcher (NY Yankees, Atlanta Braves)

1939 - Rudolph Isley, Cincinnati Ohio, rocker (Isley Brothers-Shout)

1942 - Phil Margo, Bkln, rock vocalist (Tokens-Lion Sleeps Tonight)

1942 - Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr, US, sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Neveryona)

1944 - Rusty Staub, American baseball player

1946 - John Barbata, drummer (Turtles-Happy Together, Eleanor)

1946 - Ronnie “Plonk” Lane, London, rock bassist (Small Faces-Hey Girl)

1946 - William Frederick Fisher, Dallas Texas, MD/astronaut (STS 51-I)

1948 - Jimmy Cliff, Reggae singer

1948 - Simon Crowe, rock drummer (Boomtown Rats-Maxinguaye)

1949 - Gill Scott-Heron, US, writer/poet/singer (Whities on the Moon)

1950 - Leonard van Spirit, Dutch/British fruit/food magnate

1950 - Samuel Alito, U.S. Supreme Court Justice

1951 - John Philip Abizaid, U.S. Army General, former CENTCOM commander

1952 - Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103), (d. 2012)

1952 - Annette O’Toole, Houston Texas, actress (Cat People, Superman III)

1952 - Billy Currie, rock keyboardist/violinist (Ultravox-We Came to Dance)

1952 - Rey Robinson, US, 100m sprinter (Olympic-1972)

1953 - Barry Sonnenfeld, director (When Harry Met Sally, Big, Misery)

1954 - Jeff Porcaro, LA California, drummer/percussionist (Toto-Roxanne, Africa)

1955 - Stan Ridway, rocker (Wall Of Voodoo)

1962 - Dave Ulliott, English poker player

1965 - John “Jumbo” Elliot, NFL tackle (NY Giants, NY Jets)

1970 - Wes Barnett, St Joseph MO, 238lb (108kg) weightlifter (Oly-6th-92, 96)

1971 - Shinji Nakano, Japanese race car driver

1972 - Allen and Albert Hughes, American film directors

1973 - Rachel Maddow, American radio personality and political analyst

1975 - Kristine Quance, 100m breaststroke/200m medley (Olympics-96)

1975 - Magdalena Maleeva, Sofia Bulgaria, tennis star (1995 Chicago Moscow)

1977 - Haimar Zubeldia, Spanish cyclist

1980 - Bijou Phillips, American actress

1982 - Sam Huntington, actor (Jungle 2 Jungle)

1982 - Gemma Hunt, British children’s television presenter

1989 - Vietoris Krisztián, German racecar driver

 

 

 

Deaths

1085 - Emperor Shenzong of China (b. 1048)

1132 - St-Hugues, Bishop of Grenoble (b. 1053)

1204 - Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of Louis VII & Henry II, dies at 81

1205 - Amalrik II, King of Cyprus/Jerusalem, dies

1528 - Francisco de Peñalosa, Spanish composer

1548 - Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81

1637 - Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571)

1791 - Richard Butler American soldier (b. 1743)

1814 - Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian general/cartographer, dies at 87

1832 - Robert the Hermit, US ex-slave/hermit in Massachusetts, dies

1839 - Benjamin Pierce, American politician (b. 1757)

1870 - Patrick Gass, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98

1872 - William Frederick Horry, English convicted murderer (b. 1843)

1901 - Francois M Raoult, Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70

1916 - Gabrielle Petit, Belgian resistance fighter, executed

1917 - Scott Joplin, ragtime composer (Sting), dies at 48

1930 - Zawditu, 1st reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, dies

1933 - Frederick Lord Chelmsford, viceroy of Brit-Ind (1916-21), dies at 64

1941 - Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian, dies at 81

1946 - Noah Beery, actor (Beau Geste, Cimarron Kid, Mammy), dies at 62

1950 - Charles R Drew, surgeon/developer of blood bank concept, dies at 45

1965 - Henry D G Crerar, Canadian general (WW I, Normandy), dies at 76

1965 - Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics manufacturer (b. 1870)

1968 - Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), dies at 59

1976 - Max Ernst, German/French surrealist painter/sculptor, dies at 85

1981 - D[ennis] F[eltham] Jones, sci-fi author (Colossus), dies at 65

1984 - Marvin Gaye, singer (Sexual Healing), shot to death by his father Marvin Gaye Sr in LA at 44

1991 - Martha Graham, US, choreographer (Appalachian Spring), dies at 96

1993 - Alan Kulwicki, stock car racer, dies in plane crash at 38

1993 - Ihsan Mohamed Salem, [Yunis Awad], Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed

1993 - Juan of Borbon y Battemberg, father of king Juan Carlos I, dies

1994 - Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix, dies at 86

1994 - Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot, dies at 72

1995 - Richard Pool, naval Officer, dies at 75

1995 - H. Adams Carter, American Alpine Club President, 10th Mountain Division trainer (b. 1914)

1997 - Jolie Gabor, mother of Zsa Zsa & Eva, dies at 97

1998 - Rozz Williams, American musician (Christian Death) (b. 1963)

2004 - Aaron Bank, American OSS officer and founder of the US Army Special Forces (b. 1902)

2004 - Carrie Snodgress, American actress (b. 1946)

2010 - John Forsythe, American actor (b. 1918)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Today In The Past

 

Events

1084 - Anti-pope Clemens crowns German emperor Hendrik IV

1146 - Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.

1492 - Queen Isabella of Castilia & Ferdinand of Aragon expels Jews

1504 - France & Spain signs ceasefire

1521 - Magelhaes takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus

1651 - Great earthquake at Cuzco Peru

1657 - English Humble Petition offers Lord Protector Cromwell the crown

1745 - Jews are expelled from Prague

1822 - The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.

1850 - US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))

1854 - Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US

1861 - Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans

1862 - Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River

1863 - Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA

1865 - Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)

1865 - Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg

1866 - The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.

1870 - 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)

1877 - The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.

1880 - 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)

1889 - 300m Eiffel Tower officially opens (commemorates French Revolution)

1900 - Brig-General Broadwoods troops fall into guerrilla hands

1917 - US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M & renames them Virgin Islands

1918 - 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect

1923 - 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs

1923 - French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die

1930 - The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next thirty eight years.

1933 - Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps

1939 - Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany

1944 - Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars

1945 - US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa

1948 - Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe

1949 - Newfoundland becomes Canada’s 10th province

1951 - US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea

1953 - Department of Health, Education & Welfare established

1954 - US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs Colo, established

1954 - USSR offers to join NATO

1958 - US Navy forms atomic sub division

1959 - Dalai Lama fled China & was granted political asylum in India

1965 - US ordered the 1st combat troops to Vietnam

1966 - 25,000 anti war demonstrators march in NYC

1967 - 1st time Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar (London)

1968 - Pirate Radio Station Pegaus (NZ) begins transmitting

1970 - Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth’s atmosphere (after 12 years in orbit).

1971 - William Calley sentenced to life for Mi Lai Massacre

1973 - Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a 12 round split decision

1975 - John Wooden’s final game, UCLA, wins 10th NCAA championship in 12 yrs

1976 - NJ Court rules Karen Anne Quinlan may be disconnected from respirator

1979 - The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).

1980 - President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry

1982 - Arkas tanker at Montz La, spills 1.47 million gallons of oil

1982 - Rock group Doobie Brothers split up

1986 - English Hampton Court palace destroyed by fire, 1 dead

1988 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Toni Morrison for “Beloved”

1990 - Riots began in London over the new poll tax laws

1991 - Danny Bonaduce attacks a transvestite prostitute in Phoenix Az

1994 - Human evolution: The journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull.

1997 - Pioneer 10, ends its mission

2004 - In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed.

2007 - In Sydney, Australia, 2.2 million people take part in the first Earth Hour.

 

 

 

Births

250 - Constantius Chlorus, Roman Emperor (d. 306)

1360 - Philippa of Lancaster, queen of Portugal (d. 1415)

1499 - Pius IV, [Gianangelo de' Medici], Italian lawyer/pope (1559-65)

1504 - Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru (d. 1552)

1519 - Henry II, King of France (1547-59)

1536 - Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (d. 1565)

1596 - René Descartes, France, philosopher (he thought, therefore he was)

1675 - Benedict XIV, [Prospero L Lambertini], Italy, Pope (1740-58)

1730 - Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)

1732 - Franz Joseph Haydn, Vienna Austria, prominent composer of the classical period (The Creation/Die Schopfung)

1777 - Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (d. 1859)

1778 - Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (d. 1858)

1811 - Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von Bunsen, Germany, chemist (Bunsen Burner)

1831 - Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist

1835 - John La Farge, US painter

1837 - Robert Ross McBurney, 1st paid secretary of the YMCA

1837 - Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1839 - Nikolay Przhevalsky, naturalist, explorer of east central Asia (OS)

1840 - John Herbert Kelly, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1847 - Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)

1854 - Dugald Clerk, inventor (2-stroke motorcycle engine)

1855 - Alfred E. Hunt, founder of Alcoa (d. 1899)

1868 - Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist

1872 - Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev, Russia, dance master (Imperial Ballet)

1878 - Jack Johnson,1st black heavyweight boxing champ (1908-1915)

1884 - Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)

1890 - William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)

1912 - Wilhelmus Berkelmans, civil servant/resistance fighter

1914 - Octavio Paz, Mexico, writer/diplomat (Salamandra, Topoemas)

1915 - Henry Morgan, NYC, comedian/TV panelist (I’ve Got a Secret, Arena)

1915 - Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese military man (d. 1997)

1922 - Patrick J G McGee, North Ireland, actor (Clockwork Orange)

1922 - Richard Kiley, Chicago, actor (Man of La Mancha, Endless Love)

1924 - Leo Buscaglia, LA California, “Dr Hug”, psycholigist (Love)

1926 - John Fowles, England, novelist (Collector, French Leiutenent’s Woman)

1927 - William Daniels, Bkln NY, actor (Dr Mark Craig-St Elsewhere, 1776)

1928 - Gordie Howe, Floral Sask, NHL right wing (Detroit Redwings)

1929 - Liz Claiborne, Brussels Belgium, American fashion designer, entrepreneur and founder of Liz Claiborne Inc (d. 2007)

1932 - John Jakes, Chicago, writer (Sir Scoundrel, Great Women Reporters)

1935 - Herb Alpert, bandleader/trumpeteer (Tijuana Brass)/CEO (A & M)

1935 - Judith Rossner, US, writer (August)

1935 - Richard Chamberlain, Beverly Hills California, actor (Dr Kildare)

1942 - Michael Savage, American talk radio host and commentator

1943 - Christopher Walken, Astoria Queens, actor (Deer Hunter, Brainstorm)

1946 - Al Nichol, Winston Salem NC, rock guitarist/vocalist (Turtles)

1946 - Gabe Kaplan, Bkln NY, comedian/actor (Welcome Back Kotter)

1947 - Al Goodman, rock vocalist (Ray, Goodman, Brown)

1948 - Albert Gore Jr, Wash DC, (Sen-D-Tenn, 1985-92)/45th US VP (1993- )

1948 - Mick Ralphs, rocker

1948 - Rhea Perlman, Brooklyn, actress (Zena-Taxi, Carla-Cheers)

1948 - Thijs van Leer, Dutch singer/flutist (Focus, Introspection)

1950 - Richard Hughes, rocker (Johnny Winter Band)

1951 - Ed Marinaro, NYC, actor (Joe-Hill St Blues, Sonny-Laverne & Shirley)

1953 - Greg Martin, Louisville Ky, singer (Ky Headhunters-Davy Crockett)

1953 - Sean Hopper, California, rock keyboardist (Huey Lewis & The News)

1955 - Angus Young, Glascow Scotland, rock guitarist (AC/DC-Highway to Hell)

1957 - Mary Cadorette, East Hartford Ct, actress (Vicky-3′s a Crowd)

1961 - Ron Brown, LA California, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1964 - Erik Turner, Omaha Nebraska, rock guitarist (Warrant-Cherry Pie)

1965 - Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (d. 2006)

1966 - Natalie Gosselin, Levis Quebec, 52kg judoka (Olympics-96)

1971 - Ewan McGregor, Perth Scotland, Scottish actor (Trainspotting)

1972 - John Godina, Fort Sill Oklahoma, shot putter/discus thrower (Oly-silver-96)

1972 - Kelly O’Leary, Halifax Nova Scotia, kayaker (Olympics-96)

1974 - Carol Ann Plante, actress (Sara Henderson-Harry & the Hendersons)

1980 - Jenny Smith, Western Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1987 - “Baby M” born to a surrogate mother, awarded to her dad William Stern

1987 - Humpy Koneru, Indian chess grandmaster

 

 

 

Deaths

1074 - Regency Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japan (b. 992)

1340 - Ivan I of Moscow, Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1288)

1389 - Everhard Tserclaes, sheriff of Brussels, murdered

1547 - Francis I, King of France (b. 1494)

1567 - Philip, the Generous, count of Hessen, dies at 62

1578 - Juan de Escobedo, sec of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, murdered

1621 - Philip III, King of Spain (1598-1621), dies at 42

1631 - John Donne, Metaphysical poet, dies (birth date unknown)

1727 - Isaac Newton, English physicist/astronomer, dies in London at 84

1850 - John Calhoun, dies at 68

1855 - Charlotte Bronte, English author (Jane Eyre), dies at 38

1901 - John Stainer, composer, dies at 60

1913 - John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/CEO (US Steel Corp), dies at 75

1931 - Knute Rockne, football player/coach, dies in a plane crash at 43

1944 - Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies

1945 - Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), dies at 63

1945 - Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45

1970 - Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WW II), dies at 75

1978 - Charles Best, Canadian medical scientist (b. 1899)

1986 - Harry Ritz, comedian/actor (Ritz Brothers), dies at 79

1986 - O’Kelly Isley, US, singer (Isley Brothers), dies of heart attack at 48

1991 - John Carter, US jazz clarinetist (Roots & folklore), dies

1993 - Brandon Lee, US actor (Crow)/son of Bruce Lee, accidentally shot at 28

1995 - Selena, Mexican Grammy winning singer, killed by a fan at 24

1996 - Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer, dies at 91

1998 - Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)

2005 - Frank Perdue, American poultry farmer (b. 1920)

2005 - Terri Schiavo, American figure in right to die case (b. 1963)

2006 - Jackie McLean, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1931 or 1932)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

240 BC - 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.

804 - Liudger becomes 1st bishop of Munster

988 - Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes earl of Flanders

1282 - The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers.

1296 - Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.

1422 - Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple

1492 - King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella sign decree expelling Jews from Spain

1603 - Battle at Mellifont: English army under Lord Mountjoy beats Irish

1778 - Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath

1814 - Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon.

1842 - Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)

1856 - Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War

1858 - Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Phila)

1864 - Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas

1865 - -4] Battle at 5 Forks Virginia

1867 - US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 (2 cents an acre – Seward’s Folly)

1870 - 15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race

1870 - Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union

1870 - Florida territorial government established.

1885 - The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.

1895 - British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford and Cambridge boat race

1909 - Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens

1910 - Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi.

1911 - Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 m) completed

1919 - Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

1923 - Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard U in 1920, incorporates

1939 - The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.

1939 - First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway.

1941 - German counter offensive in North-Africa

1942 - 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau

1942 - SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp

1944 - 781 British bombers attack Neurenberg

1945 - 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund

1945 - USSR invades Austria during WW II

1945 - World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.

1949 - Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.

1950 - Phototransistor invention announced, Murray Hill, NJ

1953 - Einstein announces revised unified field theory

1961 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600′ (51,690 m)

1961 - The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.

1964 - Astronaut John Glenn withdraws from Ohio senate race

1965 - Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.

1970 - USSR wins its 8th straight world hockey championship

1972 - North Vietnamese troops enter South Vietnam

1979 - Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.

1981 - Pres Reagan shot & wounded by John W Hinckley III

1984 - US ends participation in multinational Lebanon peace force

1987 - Vincent van Goghs “Sunflowers” sells for record 22.5M pounds ($39.7 million)

1990 - Jack Nicklaus made his debut in the “Seniors” golf tournament

1991 - William Kennedy Smith allegedly rapes a woman (found not guilty)

2006 - Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space.

2006 - UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.

2012 - Spanish Government cuts 27 Billion Euros from its budget in one of its toughest austerity driver in history

2012 - Mastercard and Visa announce a massive breach in security with over ten million compromised credit card numbers

2012 - American Mega Millions lottery hits a world record lottery amount of 640 million dollars

 

 

 

Births

1135 - Maimonedes, philosopher (d. 1204)

1326 - Ivan II of Russia, Grand Duke of Muscovy (d. 1359)

1432 - Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1481)

1674 - Jethro Tull, agricultural writer (Basildon), baptised

1697 - John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor

1719 - John Hawkins, England, wrote 1st history of music

1746 - Francisco Jose de Goya, Fuendetodos Spain, painter/etcher (Naked Maja)

1790 - Joseph Smith, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877

1820 - Anna Sewell, British author (d. 1878)

1823 - Joseph Farmer Knipe, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901

1824 - Innis Newton Palmer, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1825 - Samuel Bell Maxey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

1853 - Vincent van Gogh, Groot-Zundert, Netherlands, artist, painter and pioneer of Expressionism (The Potato Eaters, Irises)

1857 - Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)

1865 - Heinrich Rubens, German physicist

1883 - Jo Davidson, US, sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman)

1892 - Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)

1894 - Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin)

1899 - Irving Thalberg, US producer (MGM)

1902 - Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (d. 2007)

1905 - Mikio Oda, Japan, triple jumper (Olympic-gold-1928)

1905 - Albert Pierrepoint, English executioner (d. 1992)

1910 - Józef Marcinkiewicz, mathematician (d. 1940)

1913 - Frankie Laine, Chicago Ill, actor (Frankie Laine Show, Rawhide)

1913 - Gottfried Reinhardt, theatre producer

1913 - Richard Helms, CIA head (1966-73)

1914 - Sonny Boy Williamson, [John Lee], blues musician (Down & Out Blues)

1919 - McGeorge Bundy, Boston, national security adviser (JFK)

1920 - Turhan Bey, Vienna Austria, actor (Dragon Seed, Ali Baba & 40 Thieves)

1921 - Countess of Sutherland, English great land owner/multi-millionaire

1922 - J F Coates, naval architect

1928 - Richard Trant, Brit general

1929 - Richard Dysart, Brighton Mass, actor (Leland MacKenzie-LA Law)

1929 - Shirley Stoler, Brooklyn NY, actress (Frankenhooker, 7 Beauties)

1930 - John Astin, Balt Md, actor (I’m Dickens He’s Fenster, Addams Family)

1931 - Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut

1931 - Harold Burrage, US singer/pianist (Hi Yo Silver)

1937 - Warren Beatty, Richmond Va, actor (Bonnie & Clyde,Shampoo, Dick Tracy)

1941 - Sven Hamrin, Sweden, road race cycler (Olympic-bronze-1964)

1942 - Graeme Edge, England, rock drummer (Moody Blues-Your Wildest Dreams)

1945 - Eric Clapton, Ripley England, singer/guitarist (Tears in Heaven)

1948 - Dave Ball, rocker (Procul Harum)

1948 - Jim Dandy Mangrum, vocalist (Black Oak Arkansas-Jim Dandy)

1949 - Sue Cook, British broadcaster

1949 - Naomi Sims, American fashion model and businesswoman

1950 - Rupert Greenall, rock keyboardist (Fixx)

1950 - Robbie Coltrane, Scottish actor and comedian

1951 - John Gosden, racehorse trainer

1957 - Paul Reiser, NYC, actor (My 2 Dads, Diner, Aliens, Mad About You)

1960 - William D Johnson, US alpine skier

1961 - Doug Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1999)

1962 - M C Hammer, [Stanley Kirk Burrell], Oakland Ca, rapper (Hammer Time)

1966 - Efstratios Grivas, Greek chess grandmaster and author

1967 - Ian Ziering, West Orange NJ, actor (Steve Sanders-Beverly Hills 90210)

1968 - Celine Dion, Quebec Canada, singer (I’m Your Woman)

1968 - Donna D’Errico, Dothan AL, playmate (Sep, 1995)

1970 - Secretariat, American racehorse (d. 1989)

1979 - Norah Jones, American singer and pianist

 

 

 

Deaths

988 - Arnulf II, count of Flanders (965-988), dies

1202 - Joachim Van Fiore, Italian religious founder (Joachimism), dies

1486 - Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury

1540 - Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg (b. 1469)

1559 - Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)

1662 - François le Métel de Boisrobert, French poet (b. 1592)

1707 - Vauban, French architect (b. 1633)

1783 - William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)

1840 - George (Beau) Brummell, Dandy, dies

1925 - Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64

1926 - Feliks E Dzerzjinski, Lithuanian organizer (KGB), dies at 48

1949 - Friedrich C R Bergius, chemist (brown coal, Nobel 1931), dies at 64

1961 - P J Melotte, discovered Jupiter’s 8th satellite Pasiphae, dies

1965 - Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)

1966 - Maxfield Parrish, US painter, dies at 95

1969 - Lucien Bianchi, Belgian auto racer, dies at 34

1979 - Airey Neave, British MP (Conservatives), killed by terrorist bomb

1981 - Dewitt Wallace, US founder (Reader’s Digest), dies at 91

1984 - Peter Yarrall, strongest Englishman/weighed 826 lb (374.7 kg), dies

1986 - James Cagney, actor (Yankee Doodle Dandy), dies in NY at 86

1994 - Albert Goldman, rock biographer (Elvis, John Lennon), dies at 66

2004 - Alistair Cooke, English-born journalist (b. 1908)

2008 - Dith Pran, The Killing Fields Photographer (b. 1942)

2008 - David Leslie, Touring Car Driver (b. 1953)

2008 - Richard Lloyd, Racing Car Driver (b. 1945)

2010 - Martin Sandberger, German military officer (b. 1911)

2012 - Viktor Kosichkin, Russian speed skater and Olympic gold medalist, dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

502 - Bourgundy King Gundobar delegates royal power

1461 - Battle near Towton Field, 33,000 die (War of the Roses)

1549 - The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded.

1638 - 1st permanent white settlement in Delaware (Swedish Lutherans)

1792 - King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm’s Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.

1795 - Beethoven (24) debuts as pianist in Vienna

1798 - Republic of Switzerland forms

1804 - Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti

1806 - Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.

1827 - 20,000 attend Ludwig von Beethovens burial in Vienna

1847 - 12,000 US troops capture Vera Cruz, Mexico

1848 - Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam

1849 - Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India

1850 - Ireland’s SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die

1852 - Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 & women to work more than 10 hours a day

1864 - Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia Arkansas

1865 - -Apr 9th], Appomattox campaign, VA , 7582 killed

1865 - Battle of Quaker Road, VA

1867 - Congress approves Lincoln Memorial

1882 - Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men

1886 - Chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise for Coca-Coke

1912 - Capt Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary “the end cannot be far”

1930 - Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.

1932 - Jack Benny debuts on radio, on Ed Sullivan’s New York interview program

1935 - French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage

1936 - 10,000 watch the 200″ mirror blank passing through Indianapolis

1940 - Joe Louis KOs Johnny Paycheck in 2 to retain heavyweight boxing title

1942 - British cruiser Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea

1942 - British destroyer Campbeltown explodes in St-Nazaire: 400 Germans die

1942 - The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.

1943 - Meat, butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II

1943 - Meat rationed in US (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI’s

1945 - World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.

1949 - Turkey recognizes Israel

1951 - Julius & Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of spying

1958 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss

1958 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins

1959 - “Some Like it Hot” with Marilyn Monroe & Jack Lemmon premieres

1961 - 23rd Amendment ratified, allows Wash DC residents to vote for pres

1966 - Muhammad Ali beats George Chuvalo in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1971 - 1st Lt William L Calley Jr found guilty in My Lai (Vietnam) massacre

1971 - Chile president Allende nationalizes banks/copper mines

1973 - US troops leave Vietnam, 9 yrs after Tonkin Resolution

1974 - Mariner 10′s, 1st fly-by of Mercury, returns photos

1976 - 8 Ohio National Guardsmen indicted for shooting 4 Kent State students

1981 - Tiina Lehtola ski jumps female record 110m

1984 - NFL Baltimore Colts move to Indianapolis

1985 - Wayne Gretzky breaks own NHL season record with 126th assist

1987 - Wrestlemania III-93,173 watch Hulk Hogan beat Andre the Giant

1989 - 1st US private commercial rocket makes suborbital test flight (NM)

1989 - I M Pei’s pyramidal entrance to the Louvre opens in Paris

1989 - Michael Milken, junk bond king, indicted in NY for racketeering

1992 - Ice Dance Championship at Oakland won by Klimova & Ponomarenko (CIS)

1992 - Ice Pairs Championship at Oakland won by Mishuktienok & Dmitriev (CIS)

1992 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Oak won by Kristi Yamaguchi (USA)

1992 - Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Oakland won by Viktor Petrenko (CIS)

1999 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever.

2004 - Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.

2004 - The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.

2010 - Two female suicide bombers hit the Moscow Metro system at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40.

 

 

 

Births

1484 - Johann Spangenberg, composer

1519 - Carlo Caraffa, Italian cardinal

1553 - Vitsentzos Kornaros, Greek Renaissance poet (d. 1613 or 1614)

1561 - Santorio Sanctorius, Trieste Italy, physician/burned at stake/heretic

1584 - Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (d. 1648)

1602 - John Lightfoot, English theologist/literary (Horae Hebraicae)

1668 - Thomas Coram, Founder of the Foundling Hospital (d. 1751)

1790 - John Tyler, Va, (D/W) 10th Pres (1841-1845)

1816 - James Gallant Spears, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869

1819 - Edwin Drake, drilled 1st productive US oil well

1821 - Joshua Thomas Owen, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1887

1824 - Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (d. 1899)

1829 - Ritta & Christina, Siamese twins, in Sardinia

1829 - Robert Emmet Rodes, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1867 - Cy [Denton True] Young, Gilmore Ohio, baseball pitcher (511 wins, 1890-1911). Died 1955

1869 - Ales Hrdlicka, US, anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)

1869 - Edwin Lutyens, architect, London

1900 - Bill Aston, British racing driver (d. 1974)

1911 - Philip Ahn, LA California, actor (Master Kan-Kung Fu)

1916 - Eugene J McCarthy, Watkins Minn, (Sen-D-Minn, pres candidate 1968)

1917 - Man O’War, racehorse (winner of 20 out of 21 races & $249,465)

1918 - Pearl Bailey, Newport News Va, singer (Hello Dolly)

1918 - Sam Walton, billionaire CEO (Wal-Mart) (d. 1992)

1927 - John McLaughlin, TV commentator (McLaughlin Group)

1928 - Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (d. 2005)

1931 - Evelyn de Rothschild, English banker/multi-millionaire

1932 - William Charette, Ludington, Michigan, United States Navy Hospital Corpsman and Medal of Honor recipient, (d. 2012)

1937 - Billy Carter, Plains Georgia, brother of Pres Carter

1939 - Nancy Kwan, Hong Kong, actress (Flower Drum Song, Night Creature)

1943 - Eric Idle, England, comedian/actor (Monty Python)

1943 - Vangelis, [Papathanasiou], composer/keyboardist (Chariots of Fire)

1943 - Sir John Major, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

1945 - Walt “Clyde” Frazier, NBA guard (NY Knicks)

1947 - Bobby Kimball, [Robert Toteaux], Vinton LA, rocker (Toto-Roseann)

1948 - Bud Cort, New Rochelle NY, actor/director (Electric Dreams, M*A*S*H)

1949 - Michael Brecker, rocker (Brecker Brothers)

1952 - Teofilo Stevenson, Cuba, heavyweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1972, 76, 80), (d. 2012)

1954 - Karen Anne Quinlan, NJ, famous comatose patient (right to die case)

1955 - Earl Campbell, NFL running back (Houston, New Orleans, 1977 Heisman)

1956 - Kurt Thomas, US, gymnist (Olympics), actor (Gymkata)

1959 - Marina Sirtis, London, actress (Troi-Star Trek: The Next Generation)

1959 - Perry Farrell, American musician, (Jane’s Addiction, Porno For Pyros)

1961 - Amy Sedaris, American actress and comedian

1961 - Gary Brabham, Australian racing driver

1964 - Elle MacPherson, Sydney, Austrailian super model and actress (Sirens)

1964 - Jill Goodacre Connick, Lubbock Texas, model (Victoria Secrets)

1967 - John Popper, American musician

1968 - Sue Foley, Canadian singer and guitarist

1968 - Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer

1973 - Brad Bridgewater, US, 200m backstroke (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 - Jennifer Capriati, Long Is NY, tennis pro (Oly-gold-92)

 

 

 

Deaths

1058 - Stephen IX, [Frederik van Lotharingen], 1st Belgium Pope (1057-58), dies

1368 - Emperor Go-Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 1328)

1461 - Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (b. 1421)

1546 - Cardinal Beaton, English archbishop of St Andrews, murdered

1578 - Arthur Champernowne, English admiral (b. 1524)

1625 - Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)

1650 - Cornelis Galle I, Flemish engraver, dies at about 73

1683 - Yaoya Oshichi, a young girl burned at the stake for arson in 17th Century Japan (b. 1667)

1745 - Robert Walpole, 1st British premier (1722-42), dies at 68

1751 - Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist

1772 - Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)

1792 - Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-92), dies of wounds

1794 - Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet, mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50

1800 - Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (b. 1714)

1848 - John Jacob Astor, charted American Fur Company, dies at 84

1873 - Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian physicist (b. 1797)

1891 - Georges Seurat, French painter (Pointillism), dies at 31

1912 - Robert Falcon Scott, British pole explorer, dies in Antarctica at 43

1934 - Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)

1945 - Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79

1980 - … Mantovani, orchestra leader (Mantovani), dies at 74

1982 - Nathan Twining, USAF general (b. 1897)

1990 - Germaine Montenesdro, 2nd victim of NYC’s Zodiac killer, shot dead

1991 - Lee Atwater, political strategists (R), dies of brain tumor at 40

1994 - Paul Grimault, animator, dies at 89

1995 - James Eric Storrar, fighter Pilot, dies at 74

1999 - Joe Williams, American singer (b. 1918)

2001 - John Lewis, American jazz pianist (b. 1920)

2005 - Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (b. 1937)

2005 - Mitch Hedberg, American comedian (b. 1968)

2007 - Calvin Lockhart, Bahamian actor (b. 1934)

2009 - Maurice Jarre, French composer (b.1924)

2012 - Bill Jenkins, American Hall of Fame drag racer and engineer, dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

37 - Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.

193 - Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.

364 - Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor.

845 - Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.

1535 - Bloemkamp Abbey (Oldeklooster) attacked & destroyed

1738 - English parliament declares war on Spain (War of Jenkin’s Ear)

 

 

 

1774 - Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts

 

 

intolerable acts

 

 

 

 

1776 - Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.

1794 - Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)

1794 - Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau.

1796 - Bethel African Methodist Church of Phila is 1st US-African church

1797 - Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine

1799 - NY State abolished slavery

1802 - Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid known to man.

1804 - Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804

1809 - Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.

1834 - Senate censure Pres Jackson for taking fed deposits from Bank of US

1845 - Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US

1854 - During the Crimean War, Britain & France declare war on Russia

 

 

 

1860 - First Taranaki WarThe Battle of Waireka begins.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862 - Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia

1866 - 1st ambulance goes into service

1881 - Greatest Show On Earth was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey

1885 - US Salvation Army officially organized

1891 - 1st world weightlifting championship held

1902 - 27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)

1905 - Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used

1910 - 1st seaplane, takes off from water at Martinques France (Henri Fabre)

1917 - Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities

1922 - 1st microfilm device introduced

1930 - Constantinople & Angora changes names to Istanbul & Ankara

1933 - German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler

1935 - Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket

1939 - Dutch hunter shoots English bombers down

1939 - Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco

1942 - British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire

1945 - Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London

1952 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright

1952 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1960 - Scottish factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters (Glasgow Scotland)

1962 - Military coup in Syria, President Nazim al-Kudsi flees

1967 - UN Sect General U Thant makes public proposals for peace in Vietnam

1972 - Wilt Chamberlain plays his last pro basketball game

1979 - Major nuclear accident at 3 Mile Island, Middletown, Pa (no deaths)

1981 - Christa Rothenburger skates ladies world record 500 m 40.18 sec)

1981 - Yevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (36.91 secs)

1982 - JN Duartes christian-democrats win elections in El Salvador

1985 - International Cometary Explorer measures solar wind ahead of Halley

1986 - Extremist Sikhs kill 13 hindus in Ludhiana India

1989 - New Zealand wins America’s Cup over Stars & Stripes, in a NY court

1990 - Michael Jordan scores 69 points, 4th time he scores 60 pts in a game

1990 - President Bush awards Jesse Owen the Congressional Gold Medal

1993 - Type II supernova detected in M81 (NGC 3031)

1994 - Armed Zulus demonstrate in Johannesburg, over 53 killed

1994 - Italy’s right-wing alliance under Silvio Berlusconi wins election

2000 - A Murray County, Georgia, school bus is hit by a CSX freight train (3 children die in this accident).

2003 - In a “friendly fire” incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the United States Idaho Air National Guard’s 190th Fighter Squadron attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing British soldier Matty Hull.

2005 - The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the second strongest earthquake since 1960.

2006 - At least 1 million union members, students and unemployed take to the streets in France in protest at the government’s proposed First Employment Contract law.

 

 

 

Births

1468 - Charles I, Duke of Savoy

1472 - Fra Bartolomeo/Fra Bartolommeo , monk, Florentine Renaissance painter (d. 1517)

1483 - Raphael, Urbino Italy, painter (School of Athens)

1515 - Theresa of Avila/Teresa de Jesus, Spanish mystic writer/saint

1522 - Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (d. 1557)

1599 - Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (d. 1658)

1613 - Xiaozhuangwen Grand Empress Dowager, Empress of Manchu (d. 1688)

1615 - Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent/diplomat

1652 - Samuel Sewall, American magistrate (d. 1730)

1729 - Pieter Fouquet, Dutch art seller (Atlas of Fouquet)

1750 - Francisco A G de Miranda, Venezuelan freedom fighter

1773 - Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (d. 1844)

1818 - Wade Hampton, SC, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1902

1819 - Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (d. 1891)

1836 - Frederick Pabst, American brewer (d. 1904)

1840 - Mehemed Emin Pasja, German explorer/governor (Equatoria)

1842 - William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)

1868 - Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire, Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths)

1899 - August Anheuser Busch, Jr., brewing magnate and American baseball executive (d. 1989)

 

 

 

1905 - Marlin PerkinsCarthage MoTV host (Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 - Herbert “Herb” Hall, clarinetist/saxophonist

1907 - “Swifty” Lazar, American talent agent (d. 1993)

1909 - Nelson Algren, US, novelist (Man with the Golden Arm)

1911 - J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language (d. 1960)

1912 - A[rthur] Bertram Chandler, UK, sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space)

1914 - Kenneth Richard Norris, Australian entomologist (d. 2003)

1921 - Dirk Bogarde (born Derek van den Bogaerde) London England, actor (Death in Venice, Servant)

1922 - Joey Maxim, American boxer (d. 2001)

1924 - Freddie Bartholomew, England, actor (Anna Karenina, David Copperfield)

1928 - Zbigniew Brzezinski, Warsaw, national security advisor (Carter)

1929 - Paul England, Australian racing driver

1936 - Mario Vargas Llosa, Peru, writer (Aunt Julia)/pres candidate

1940 - J Michael Plumb, Islip NY, equestrian (Oly-2 gold/4 silver-1976,84)

1941 - Charlie McCoy, Oak Hill WV, harmonica player (Hee Haw)

1944 - Rick Barry, ABA/NBA forward (NY Nets, Golden State Warriors)

1946 - Wubbo Ockels, Dutch physicist and astronaut

1948 - Dianne Wiest, KC MO, actress (Hannah & Her Sisters, Footloose)

1948 - John Evans, (Aka Evan) rock drummer (Jethro Tull)

1949 - Milan Williams, US keyboardist (Commodores-Three Times a Lady)

1949 - Ronnie Ray Smith, 4 X 100m relay runner (Olympic-gold-1968)

1955 - Reba McEntire, McAlester Ok, country singer (Can’t Even Get the Blues)

1957 - Harvey Glance, Pheonix City Ala, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1976)

1958 - Bart Wayne Conner, Morton Grove Ill, gymnist (Olympic-2 gold-1984)

1963 - Bernice King, daughter of Martin Luther King Jr

1963 - Therese Washtock, Vancouver BC, 3 day equestrian (Olympics-96)

1965 - Jeff Beukeboom, Ajax, NHL defenseman (NY Rangers)

1968 - Teee Williams, LA California, volleyball outside hitter (Oly-bronze-92, 96)

1969 - Salt, rocker (Salt ‘n’ Pepa-Shake Ya Thang)

1969 - Brett Ratner, American film director

 

 

 

1969 - Rodney AtkinsAmerican country music singer-songwriter

 

Rodney-Atkins

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1970 - Vince Vaughn, Minneapolis, Minnesota, American actor (Swingers, Wedding Crashers)

1972 - Jonathan Edwards, Boston Mass, doubles luger (Olympics-1994)

1975 - Derek Hill, American racing driver

1981 - Julia Stiles, New York City, NY, American actress (Bourne series, Save the Last Dance)

1986 - Lady Gaga [Stefani Germanotta], New York, singer/songwriter (Bad Romance)

1986 - J-Kwon, American rapper

 

 

 

Deaths

193 - Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman Emperor (192-93), assassinated

593 - Guntram, French king in Burgundy, dies at about 67

1072 - Ordulf, Duke of Saxony

1134 - Stefanus Harding, 3rd abbott of Côteaux/saint, dies

1239 - Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (b. 1180)

1285 - Pope Martin IV (Simon de Brion), reigned 1281-85.

1563 - Heinrich Glarean, Swiss music theorist (b. 1488)

1673 - Adam Pijnacker, Dutch landscape painter/etcher, buried at 51

1677 - Wenzel Hollar, Bohemia cartoonist/etcher, dies at about 69

1712 - Jan van der Heyden, Dutch inventor (street lantern), dies at 75

1758 - Jonathan Edwards, US theologist (Great Awakening), dies at 54

1799 - Etta L J “baronne” Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55

1801 - Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66

1840 - Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, dies at 89

1863 - James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brig-general, dies at 52

 

 

 

1870 - George Henry ThomasAmerican Civil War general (b. 1816)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1910 - David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1837)

1941 - Virginia Woolf-Stephen [Adeline] , author (To Lighthouse), dies from suicide at 59

1944 - Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75

1953 - James Francis Thorpe, decathelete (Olympic-gold-12), dies at 64

 

 

 

1958 - William Christopher HandyUS conductor/composer (St Louis Blues), dies at 84 in New York

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1969 - Dwight D Eisenhower34th pres/gen (WW 2), dies in Washington at 78

dwight-d-eisenhower-circa1956

 

 

 

 

 

 

1974 - Arthur CrudupAmerican blues singer and guitaristdies of heart attack at 68

 

Arthur_Crudup

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

1979 - Emmett Kelly, circus clown (Weary Willy), dies at 80

1980 - Jesse Owens, (Oly-gold-36), dies at the age of 66

1982 - William Giauque, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)

1985 - Marc Chagall, French painter, dies at 97

1994 - Eugene Ionesco, playwright (Rhinoceros, Bald Soprano), dies at 84

1996 - Charles Barnet “Roscoe” Harvey, soldier, dies at 95

1999 - Freaky Tah, American rapper (Lost Boyz) (b. 1971)

2004 - Art James, American game show host (b. 1929)

 

 

 

2004 - Peter UstinovBritish actor (b. 1921)

 

 

peter ustinov2

 

 

 

 

2006 - Caspar Weinberger, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1917)

2006 - Proinsias Ó Maonaigh, Irish musician (b. 1922)

2010 - June Havoc, American actress (b. 1913)

2012 - Earl Scruggs, American bluegrass musician, dies from natural causes at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

196 BC - Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt.

1309 - Pope Clement V excommunicates Venice and all its population.

1329 - Pope John XXII issues his ‘In Agro Dominico’ condemning some writings of Meister Eckhart as heretical.

 

 

 

1513 - Spaniard Juan Ponce de Leon discovers Florida

 

 

 

 

 

1599 - Robert Devereux becomes lt-general of Ireland

1613 - The first English child born in Canada at Cuper’s Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.

1625 - Charles I, King Of England, Scotland & Ireland, ascends English throne

1709 - Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)

1758 - Battle at Emmerich: British army floats around France the Rhine

1790 - The modern shoestring (string and shoe holes) invented in England

1794 - The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.

1802 - Treaty of Amiens-French Revolutionary War ends

 

 

 

1814 - Battle at Horseshoe BendGeneral Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Stickspart of the Creek Indian tribe near Dadeville, Alabama

 

 

 

 

 

1836 - 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland Ohio)

1841 - 1st US steam fire engine tested, NYC

1848 - John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster

1849 - Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill

1855 - Abraham Gesner patents kerosene

1860 - M L Byrn patents “covered gimlet screw with a ‘T’ handle” (corkscrew)

1863 - President Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

1865 - Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals

1866 - Andrew Rankin patents the urinal

1866 - Pres Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amend

1879 - Longest championship fight (136 rounds)

1881 - Rioting takes place in Basingstoke in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army.

1884 - 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY

1890 - A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.

1906 - Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba

1910 - Fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, killed 312

1912 - 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Wash DC

1914 - 1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels)

1928 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson

1928 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

1929 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson

1929 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

1931 - Charlie Chaplin receives France’s distinguished Legion of Honor

1933 - Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson & Eric William Fawcett

 

 

 

1938 - The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.

 

Chinese soldiers in house-to-house fighting in...

Chinese soldiers in house-to-house fighting in Battle of Taierzhuang. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

1940 - Himmler orders building of Auschwitz concentration camp, at Katowice

1941 - Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years

1941 - Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)

1942 - -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire

1942 - Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 6 to retain heavyweight boxing title (NYC)

1943 - Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio

1943 - US begins assault on Fondouk-pass, Tunisia

1944 - 1,000 Jews leave Drancy France for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

1944 - 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania

1944 - 40 Jewish policemen in Riga Latvia ghetto are shot by the gestapo

1944 - Children’s Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno

1945 - Ella Fitzgerald & Delta Rhythm Boys record “It’s Only a Paper Moon”

1945 - Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

1945 - Iwo Jima occupied, after 22,000 Japanese & 6,000 US killed

1945 - US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden

1945 - World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan’s ports and waterways begins.

1950 - Jazz pianist, Erroll Garner’s solo concert (Cleve OH)

 

 

 

1952 - Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records

 

sun-records

 

 

 

 

 

1955 - Steve McQueen makes his network TV debut (Goodyear Playhouse)

1956 - French commandos land in Algeria

1958 - CBS Labs announce new stereophonic records

1964 - 1st true Pirate Radio station, Radio Caroline (England)

1964 - Great Train Robbers sentenced to a total of 307 years behind bars

1966 - Anit Vietnam war demonstrations in US, Europe & Australia

1968 - Suharto succeeds Sukarno as president of Indonesia

1971 - 33rd NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Villanova 68-62 UCLA wins their 5th consecutive NCAA basketball title

1972 - Adolph Rupp retires after 42 years of coaching U of Kentucky

1972 - Venera 8 launched to Venus

1973 - Jerry Garcia (Grateful Dead) stopped for speeding & LSD possession

1977 - 583 die in aviation’s worst disaster KLM-Pan Am 747 crash on Tenerife

1979 - Supreme Court rules, 8-1, cops can’t randomly stop cars

1980 - Elevator in Vaal Reef S Afr gold mine crash 1900m down (23 die)

1980 - Mount St Helens becomes active after 123 years

1983 - Larry Holmes beats Lucien Rodriguez in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1985 - Billy Dee Williams receives a star on Hollywood Walk of Fame

1986 - Disney-MGM Studio Tour ground breaking

1988 - Ice Dance Championship at Budapest won by Bestemianova & Bukin (URS)

1988 - Ice Pairs Championship at Budapest won by E Valova & O Vasiliev (URS)

1988 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Budapest won by Katarina Witt (GDR)

1988 - Men’s Figure Skating Champions in Budapest won by Brian Boitano (USA)

1990 - Bus accidentally touches high voltage wire in Karagpur India; 21 die

1990 - The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime.

1991 - New Kid Donnie Wahlberg, arrested on arson charges in Kentucky

1994 - Church in Piedmont Alabama collapses in tornado, 19 killed

 

 

 

1994 - The Eurofighter takes its first flight in ManchingGermany

 

 

 

 

 

1997 - 39 cult memebers in California commit mass suicide (Hale-Bopp)

1997 - Martin Luther King’s son meets with James Earl Ray

2000 - Phillips explosion of 2000 kills 1 and injures 71 in Pasadena, Texas.

2002 - Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.

2004 - HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.

2006 - The United Nations Commission on Human Rights holds its final meeting.

2009 - Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, fails killing at least 99 people.

2134 - 32nd recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

 

 

 

Births

972 - King Robert II of France (d. 1031)

1416 - Antonio Squarcialupi, composer

1554 - Everhardus van Bronchorst, Dutch lawyer

1676 - Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg (d. 1735)

1712 - Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (d. 1779)

1746 - Carlo Bonaparte, Corsican attorney/father of emperor Napoleon

1760 - MJ Auguste Vestrius, French ballet dancers

1765 - Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist

1797 - Alfred V Comte de Vigny, French musketeer/writer (Moise, Chatterton)

 

 

 

1813 - Nathaniel Currierlithographer (Currier & Ives)

 

 

 

 

 

1817 - Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss biologist (d. 1891)

1823 - Samuel Kosciusko Zook, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers)

1844 - Alophus Washington Greely, US, Arctic explorer

1845 - Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen, Germany, discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901)

1847 - Otto Wallach, Germany, chemist (Nobel 1910)

1857 - Karl Pearson, London England, mathematician

1863 - Henry Royce, automobile founder (Rolls-Royce)

1886 - Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, German/US architect (Bauhaus)

1886 - Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader (d. 1934)

1897 - Douglas Hartree, English mathematician and physicist

1899 - Gloria Swanson, Chicago Illinois, American actress (Sunset Boulevard, Queen Kelly)

1901 - Wilhelm Conrad von Roentgen, physicist (Nobel)

1901 - Carl Barks, American illustrator (d. 2000)

1902 - Mary Armour, artist

1905 - Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (d. 1980)

1906 - Pee Wee Russell, American musician (d. 1969)

1914 - Budd Schulberg, NYC, novelist (On the Waterfront)

1914 - Snooky Lanson, Memphis Tn, singer (Your Hit Parade, 5 Star Jubilee)

1915 - Selma Rubin, Toledo, Ohio, environmental activist (Earth Day co-founder), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1924 - Sarah L VaughanNewark NJjazz/scat singer (Broken Hearted Melody)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 - Anthony Lewis, columnist (NY Times)/author (Gideon’s Trumpet)

1930 - David Janssen, [Meyer], Naponee Nebraska, actor (Fugitive, Harry O)

1931 - R P Bauman, CEO (British Aerospace)

1932 - Wes Covington, baseball player (Philadelphia Phillies)

1933 - DRG Andrews, CEO (Land Rover-Leyland)

 

 

 

1937 - Johnny “Clyde” CopelandUS blues guitarist/singer (Lion’s Den)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1938 - A J Bellingham, president (Royal College of Pathologists)

1938 - Jock Slater, admiral

 

 

 

1939 - Cale Yarboroughauto racer (Daytona 500-196877, 83, 84)

 

 

 

 

 

1939 - Judy Carne, comedienne (Laugh-In, Love on a Rooftop)

1941 - Liese Prokop, Austria, pentathlete (Olympic-silver-1968)

1942 - Michael York, England, actor (Cabaret, Logan’s Run, 3 Musketeers)

1942 - John E. Sulston, British chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1943 - Phil Frank, American cartoonist (d. 2007)

1950 - Tony Banks, rock keyboardist (Genesis-Against All Odds)

1952 - Maria Schneider, Paris, actress (Last Tango in Paris, Crime of Honor)

1953 - Pamela Roylance, Seattle Wash, actress (Sarah-Little House on Prairie)

1955 - Kim Brassey, racehorse trainer

1956 - Thomas Wassberg, Sweden, 15K/50K cross country skier (Oly-gold-1980)

1957 - Billy MacKenzie, rock vocalist (The Associates-Affectionate Punch)

1957 - Duncan Goodhew, England, 100m breast stroke swimmer (Oly-Gold-1980)

1958 - Bart Connor, gymnast/sportscaster (Olympic-gold-1984)

1960 - Jennifer Grey, actress (Dirty Dancing); Joel Grey’s daughter

1961 - Tak Matsumoto, Japanese guitarist (B’z)

1963 - Quentin Tarantino, director/screenwriter (Pulp Fiction)

1963 - Randall Cunningham, NFL QB (Philadelphia Eagles, Minnesota Vikings)

1963 - Todd Graves, Laurel Miss, skeet (Olympics-1992, 96)

 

 

 

1967 - Talisa Soto, [Miriam], Brooklyn NYactress (License to Kill)

 

 

 

 

 

1968 - Irina Belova, Russian pentathelete (world record 1992)

1970 - Brendan Hill, British drummer (Blues Traveler)

1970 - Princess Leila of Iran (d. 2001)

1970 - Elizabeth Mitchell, American actress

1971 - Mariah Carey, NYC, singer (Love Takes Time, Hero)

1973 - Serge Tremblay, La Malbaie Quebec, weightlifter (Olympics-96)

1977 - Vitor Meira, Brazilian racing driver

1982 - Kurara Chibana, Japanese beauty queen, first runner-up Miss Universe 2006

1984 - Emily Ann Lloyd, actress (Sarah Kramer-Something So Right)

1985 - Caroline Winberg, Swedish supermodel

1988 - Brenda Song, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

710 - Rupert of Salzburg

922 - Al-Hallaj al-Mughith-al-Hsayn Mansur, Persian mystic, beheaded at 64

965 - Arnulf I, the Elder/the Great, count of Flanders (918-65), dies

973 - Herman, Duke of Saxony

1378 - Gregory XI, [Pierre R the Beaufort], last French Pope (1370-78), dies

1462 - Vasili II of Russia, Grand Prince of Moscow (b. 1415)

1482 - Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and his successor, dies falling off her horse (b. 1457)

1555 - William Hunter, Protestant martyr

1572 - Girolamo Maggi, Italian Renaissance man (b. abt. 1523)

1625 - James I Stuart, king of Scotland (1567)/England (1603-25), dies at 58

1697 - Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate (b. 1603)

1701 - Anne Hilarion de Cotentin, count of Tourville/Fr admiral, dies at 58

 

 

 

1836 - James FanninTexas revolutionary (b. 1804)

 

 

 

 

 

1850 - Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53

1864 - Jean-Jacques Ampère, French scholar (b. 1800)

1878 - George Gilbert Scott, architect, dies

1894 - Verney L Cameron, English explorer (Tanganyika), dies at 49

1897 - Andreas Anagnostakis, Greek physician (b. 1826)

1898 - Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual and one of the founding fathers of Pakistan dies at 80

1900 - Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet], South African general, dies at 69

1910 - Alexander E Agassiz, US businessman/biologist/geologist, dies at 74

1923 - Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)

1929 - Samuil Shatunovsky, Ukrainian mathematician, dies at 70

1967 - Jim Thompson, American designer (disappeared) (b. 1906)

1968 - Yuri Gagarin, 1st man to orbit Earth, & Seryogin, in plane crash at 34

1991 - Aldo Ray, western actor (Battle Cry), dies at 64 of cancer

1992 - James E Webb, head of NASA (1961-68), dies at 84

1998 - Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile manufacturer (b. 1909)

 

 

 

2002 - Milton BerleAmerican actor and comedian (b. 1908)

 

8x10_Milton Berle

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2002 - Dudley Moore, British actor (b. 1935)

2002 - Billy Wilder, American director (b. 1906)

2006 - Lyn Nofziger, American journalist and political advisor to Ronald Reagan (b. 1924)

2007 - Paul Lauterbur, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1929)

2010 - Vasily Smyslov, Russian grandmaster (b. 1921)

2012 - Hilton Kramer, American art critic, dies from heart failure at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Today In The Past

 

Events

1027 - John XIX crowns Conrad II the Salier Roman German emperor

1147 - Jewish community in Cologne fast to commemorate anti-Jewish violence

1150 - Tichborne family of Hampshire England started tradition of giving a Gallon of flour to each resident to keep deathbed promise

1484 - William Caxton printed his translation of Aesop’s Fables.

1526 - King Francois I returns Spanish captivity to France

1552 - Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru.

1668 - England takes control of Bombay India

1780 - 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (Brit Gazette & Sunday Monitor)

1790 - Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency

1799 - Napolean captures Jaffa Palestine

1804 - Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana

1804 - Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase

1812 - Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas Venezuela; about 20,000 die

1830 - The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.

1839 - 1st Henley Royal Regatta

1845 - Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat

1845 - Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid

1859 - 1st sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury

1872 - Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher

1878 - Sabi Game Reserve, world’s 1st official designated game reserve, opens

1885 - Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film

1886 - 1st cremation in England

1910 - US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick

1913 - Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War

1913 - Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously

1916 - Birdman of Alcatraz receives solitary

1930 - Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway

1936 - 200″ telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech

1936 - Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska

1937 - Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye

1942 - 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton Pa, kills 21

1942 - German offensive in North-Africa under Col-general Rommel

1943 - 1st woman to receive air medal (US army nurse Elsie S Ott)

 

 

 

1943 - Battle of Komandorski IslandsPacific Ocean

 

 

 

 

 

1944 - 705 British bombers attack Essen

1945 - Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine

1945 - Japanese resistance ends on Iwo Jima

1945 - Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto

1945 - US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms

1953 - Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio[myelitis]

1954 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island

1955 - “Ballad of Davy Crockett,” becomes the #1 record in US

1956 - Red Buttons debuts on TV in Studio One

 

 

 

1958 - 30th Academy Awards-”Bridge over River Kwai,” Woodward & Guinness win

 

 

 

 

 

1958 - US Army launched America’s third successful satellite, “Explorer III”

1960 - Iraq executes 30 after attack on Pres Kassem

1965 - A truck loses control down Moosic Street, Scranton, Pennsylvania, killing the driver. This accident later inspired the 1974 Harry Chapin song, “30,000 Pounds of Bananas.”

1969 - Marcus Welby MD, a TV movie is shown on ABC-TV

1970 - Peter Yarrow (Peter, Paul & Mary) plead guilty to “taking immoral liberties” with a 14 year old girl

 

 

 

1971 - “Benny Hill Show” tops TV ratings

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1973 - Soap “Young & Restless” premieres

1974 - George Foreman TKOs Ken Norton in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1975 - The Biological Weapons Convention enters into force.

1977 - Elvis Costello releases his 1st record “Less Than Zero”

1980 - Bombay gets its 1st rock concert in 10 years (The Police)

1986 - Geffen records signs Guns & Roses

1988 - Janet B Evans swims 1500m freestyle female world record (15:52.10)

1989 - 1st free elections in USSR; 190 M votes cast; Boris Yeltsin wins

1992 - Mike Tyson sentenced to 10 years in rape of Desiree Washington

1994 - Bonnie Blair skates world record 500 m ladies (38.99 sec)

1994 - Gunda Niemann skates world record 5 km ladies (7:03.26)

1994 - Gunda Niemann skates un-official world record 10 km ladies (14:22.60)

1994 - Yuka Sato of Japan wins world figure skating championship in Tokyo

1996 - The International Monetary Fund approves a $10.2 billion loan for Russia.

1997 - Thirty-nine bodies found in the Heaven’s Gate cult suicides.

1998 - Oued Bouaicha massacre in Algeria; 52 people killed with axes and knives, 32 of them babies under the age of 2.

1999 - The “Melissa worm” infects Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world.

1999 - A jury in Michigan finds Dr. Jack Kevorkian guilty of second-degree murder for administering a lethal injection to a terminally ill man.

2006 - In Scotland, the prohibition of smoking in all substantially enclosed public places comes into force.

2006 - The military junta ruling Burma officially named Naypyidaw, a new city in Mandalay Division, as the new capital. Yangon had formerly been the nation’s capital.

2012 - Canadian Film maker, James Cameron, becomes the first person to visit Challenger Deep, the deepest point on Earth in over 50 years

 

 

 

Births

603 - Pacal II ruler of the Maya polity of Palenque

1479 - Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33)/son of Ivan III

1516 - Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist (d. 1565)

1554 - Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (d. 1611)

1577 - Elisabeth of Nassau, daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon

1698 - Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (d. 1765)

1749 - William Blount, American Statesman (d. 1800)

1753 - Benjamin Thompson, physicist (Royal Inst of Great Britain, Woburn MA)

1773 - Nathaniel Bowditch, mathematician/astronomer/author (Marine Sextant)

1813 - Thomas West Sherman, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879

1817 - Herman Haupt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905

1874 - Robert Frost, SF, poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken)

1875 - Syngman Rhee, pres of South Korea (1948-60) [or Apr 26]

1879 - Othmar Ammann, Swiss bridge engineer (d. 1965)

1880 - Duncan Hines, US, restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens)

1885 - Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer

1886 - Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)

1904 - Joseph Campbell, mythologist (Mythic Image)

1911 - Bernard Katz, biophysicist

1911 - Tennessee Williams, Columbus Miss, playwright (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof)

1916 - Sterling Hayden, NJ, actor (Dr Strangelove, Asphalt Jungle, Cobra)

 

 

1917 Rufus ThomasMissblues singer (Walking the Dog)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1919 - Strother Martin, Kokomo Ind, actor (Cool Hand Luke, Slapshot)

1921 - George Jefferson, CEO (British Telecom)

1921 - Peter Horsley, CEO (Osprey Aviation)

1923 - Bob Elliott, American comedian

1925 - Pierre Boulez, Montbrison France, composer/conductor (Visage Nuptial)

1930 - Gregory Corso, beat poet (Happy Birthday of Death, Long Live Man)

1930 - Sandra Day O’Connor, Texas, 1st woman Supreme Court Justice (1981- )

1931 - Leonard Nimoy, Boston, actor (Spock-Star Trek, Mission Impossible)

1934 - Alan Arkin, NYC, actor (Catch 22, In-Laws, Simon, Wait Until Dark)

1934 - Gino Cappelletti, ORFU, AFL running back (AFL Player of Year 1964)

1935 - Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestine National Authority

1936 - Fred Paris, rocker (Five Satins)

1938 - Anthony James Leggett, American physicist, Nobel laureate

1940 - James Caan, Bronx NY, American actor (Misery, Godfather)

1941 - Richard Dawkins, British evolutionary biologist

1942 - Erica Jong, [Mann], NYC, author (Fear of Flying)

1943 - Robert Woodward, investigative reporter (Watergate, CIA crimes)

 

 

1944 - Diana Ross, [Earle], Detroit, (SupremesLady Sings BluesMahogany)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1945 - Mikhail Voronin, USSR, horse vault gymnist (Olympic-gold-1968)

 

 

 

1947 - Dar RobinsonAmerican stuntman (d. 1986)

 

 

 

 

1948 - Richard Tandy, rock bassist (ELO)

1948 - Steven Tyler, NYC, rock vocalist (Aerosmith-Janie Got a Gun)

1949 - Fran Sheehan, rock bassist (Boston-More than a Feeling)

1949 - Vicki Lawrence, Inglewood Ca, actress (Carol Burnette, Mama’s Family)

1950 - Martin Short, Hamilton Ontario, comedian (SNL, SCTV, 3 Amigos)

1950 - Teddy Pendergrass, Phila, singer (Turn Off the Lights)

 

 

 

1950 - Tony PapenfussMinneapolis Minn, (Daryl-Newhart)

 

 

 

 

 

1950 - Alan Silvestri, American film score composer

1952 - Didier Pironi, French Formula One driver (d. 1987)

1953 - Elaine Chao, U.S. Secretary of Labor

1954 - Curtis Sliwa, founder (Guardian Angels)/radio personality (WABC)

1956 - Tatyana Kochergina, USSR, team handball (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1957 - Leeza Gibbons, SC, TV host (Entertainment Tonight, Leeza)

1962 - John Stockton, Spokane Wash, NBA guard (Utah Jazz, Olympics-gold-96)

1963 - Rebecca Twigg, Seattle Wash, 79K cyclist (Olympic-silver-1984, 92, 96)

1964 - Martin Donnelly, Irish racecar driver

1964 - Baz Warne, English Guitarist (The Stranglers)

 

 

1968 - Kenny ChesneyAmericanCountry singer

 

Kenny-Chesney-

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1968 - James Iha, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins and A Perfect Circle)

1968 - Laurent Brochard, French cyclist

1971 - Behzad Ghorbani, Iranian zoologist and sociobiologist

1973 - Lawrence E. Page, American search engine pioneer

1976 - Amy Smart, American actress

1985 - Keira Knightley, London, English actress (Bend It Like Beckham, Pirates of the Caribbean)

1986 - Jessica McClure, baby trapped in Texas well in 1988

 

 

Deaths

304 - Saint Emmanuel, Christian martyr killed under Diocletian

752 - Stephen II, Catholic Pope (3/22-26/752), dies

809 - Liudger, missionary/1st bishop of Munster/saint, dies at about 66

1130 - King Sigurd I of Norway (b. ca. 1090)

1212 - Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212), dies at 58

1258 - Floris, the Guardian, count-regent of Holland, dies

1350 - Alfonso XI, King of Castile & Leon, dies

1535 - Georg Tannstetter, Austrian scientist (b. 1482)

 

 

 

1649 - John WinthropPuritan & 1st Governor (Mass), dies

 

 

 

 

 

1697 - Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)

1776 - Samuel Ward, American politician (b. 1725)

1797 - James Hutton, geologist, dies

1814 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, namesake of the guillotine (b. 1738)

1827 - Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (Appassionata), dies at 56

1858 - John Addison Thomas, American soldier (b. 1811)

1865 - Thomas Hancock, pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington), dies

 

 

 

1892 - Walt Whitmanpoetdies in CamdenNJ at 72

 

Walt_Whitman-3

 

 

 

 

 

1902 - Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1890-96) dies at 48

1905 - Maurice Barrymore, actor; patriarch of the Barrymore family (b. 1849)

1910 - Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)

1910 - An Jung-geun, Korean assassin of Ito Hirobumi (executed) (b. 1879)

1923 - Sarah Bernhardt, [Henriette], actress (Queen Elizabeth), dies at 77

1940 - Spiridon Louis, Greek runner, winner of the first modern Olympics marathon (b. 1873)

1942 - Jimmy Burke, American baseball player (b. 1874)

1945 - David Lloyd George, British (L) premier (1916-22), dies at 82

1945 - Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29

1948 - Helen Ernst, German poster artist/resistance fighter, dies at about 43

1959 - Raymond T Chandler, US detective writer (Long Goodbye), dies at 71

1962 - Marjorie Colton, inventor of wax paper, dies at 64

1973 - Noel Coward, English playwright (Private Letters), dies at 73

1981 - Cyril Dean Darlington, biologist (hereditary mechanisms), dies at 77

1983 - Anthony F Blunt, British art historian/spy for USSR, dies at 75

1990 - International Chrysis, Transvestite actor (Q&A), dies of cancer at 38

1993 - Luis Falco, US choreographer (Fame, Angel Heart), dies at 50

 

 

 

1996 - David Packardelectronic engineer/businessmandies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

1997 - Marshall Applewhite, American cult leader (b. 1931)

2000 - Alex Comfort, American author (b. 1920)

2002 - Randy Castillo, American drummer (Ozzy Osbourne, Mötley Crüe) (b. 1950)

2003 - Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senator (b. 1927)

2005 - Paul Hester, Australian drummer (Split Enz and Crowded House) (b. 1959)

2006 - Paul Dana, American race car driver (b. 1975)

2006 - Nikki Sudden, British singer/songwriter (b. 1956)

2011 - Diana Wynne Jones, British fantasy writer (b. 1934)

2011 - Paul Baran, internet pioneer who helped create the technical underpinnings of Arpanet, dies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

1 - Origin of Dionysian Incarnation of the Word

31 - 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus

421 - Friday at 12 PM – city of Venice founded

708 - Constantine begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1199 - Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6.

 

 

 

1306 - Robert the Bruce crowned King of Scots

 

 

 

 

 

1409 - Council of Pisa opens

1584 - Sir Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert’s patent to explore North America

1609 - Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Co

1655 - Christiaan Huygens discovers Titan, (Saturn’s largest satellite)

1668 - 1st horse race in America takes place

1669 - Mount Etna in Sicily erupts, destroying Nicolosi, killing 20,000

1811 - Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from the University of Oxford for his publication of the pamphlet The Necessity of Atheism.

1813 - 1st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex

1817 - Tsar Alexander I recommends formation of Society of Israeli Christians

1856 - A E Burnside patents Burnside carbine

1857 - Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse

 

 

 

1863 - 1st Army Medal of Honor awarded( Jacob Parrott)

 

 

 

PARROTT, JACOB Photo

 

 

 

 

 

1863 - Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee

 

 

 

1864 - Battle of Paducah, KY (Forrest’s raid)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 - Battle of Bluff Spring, FL

1865 - Battle of Fort Stedman, VA – in front of Petersburg

1865 - Battle of Mobile, AL (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)

1865 - SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire & sinks, killing 400

1895 - Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

1896 - Modern Olympics began in Athens, Greece [NS=Apr 6]

1898 - Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in NYC

1901 - 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown Iowa

1902 - Irving W Colburn patents sheet glass drawing machine

1905 - Rebel battle flags captured during war are returned to South

1910 - Chalmers Auto Co offers a new car to each leagues’ batting champ

 

 

 

1911Triangle Shirtwaist Factory catches fire 145 die, all but 13 girls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1913 - Great Dayton Flood

1915 - 1st submarine disaster; a US F-4 sank off Hawaii, killing 21

1931 - Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama

1937 - It’s revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads

1938 - 1st US bred horse (Battleship) to win Grand National Steeplechase

1939 - Billboard Magazine introduces hillbilly (country) music chart

1943 - 97% of all Dutch physicians strike againt nazi registration

1943 - Jimmy Durante & Garry Moore premiere on radio

1944 - Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome

 

 

 

1944 - RAF Sgt Nickolas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet without a parachute

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen

1945 - US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg

1947 - Coal mine explosion in Centralia, Ill, claims 111

1954 - RCA manufactures 1st color TV set (12½” screen at $1,000)

1957 - Treaty of Rome establishes European Economic Community (Common Mkt)

1958 - Sugar Ray Robinson is 1st boxing champ to win 5 times

1960 - 1st guided missile launched from nuclear powered sub (Halibut)

1960 - DH Lawrence’ “Lady Chatterley’s Lover” ruled not obscene (NYC)

1961 - Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)

1961 - Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered

1962 - French OAS-leader ex-general Jouhaud arrested

1964 - Egypt ends state of siege (1952-64)

1965 - Martin Luther King Jr led 25,000 to state capitol in Montgomery, Al

1966 - US Supreme court rules “poll tax” unconstitutional

1967 - Who & Cream make US debut at Murray the K’s Easter Show

1970 - Concorde makes its 1st supersonic flight (700 MPH/1,127 KPH)

1971 - Tom Jones, “She’s a Lady,” goes gold

1972 - Bobby Hull becomes the 2nd NHLer to score 600 goals

1972 - UCLA wins its 6th consecutive national basketball title

1982 - Wayne Gretzky becomes 1st NHL to score 200 points in a season

1983 - Christa Rothenburger skates world record 500 m ladies (39.69 sec)

1985 - Edwin Meese III becomes US Attorney General

1986 - Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Brian Boitano (USA)

1986 - Supreme Court rules Air Force could ban wearing of yarmulkes

1986 - Kurt Browning (Canada) becomes 1st skater to land a quadruple jump

1988 - NASA launches space vehicle S-206

 

 

 

1990 - Fire in illegal NYC social club, kills 87( Happy Land Social Club)

 

 

America’s Most Deadly Single Perpetrator Mass Murder

No Guns Involved , $5 Worth Of Gas And A Match

 

 

 

 

1992 - British scientists find new largest perfect # (2 756839 -1 * 2 756839)

1992 - Russian manned space craft TM-14, lands

1992 - Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returns to Earth after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station.

1995 - Boxer Mike Tyson released from jail after serving 3 years

1996 - Comet C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) approaches within 0.1018 AUs of Earth

1996 - Ice Dance Championship at Edmonton won by Gritshuk & Platov (RUS)

1996 - Ice Pairs Championship at Edmonton won by Eltsova & Bushkov (RUS)

1996 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Edmonton won by Michelle Kwan (USA)

1996 - Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Edmonton won by Todd Eldredge (USA)

1996 - US issues newly-redesigned $100 bill

2006 - Capitol Hill massacre: A gunman kills six people before taking his own life at a party in Seattle’s Capitol Hill neighborhood.

 

 

 

Births

1133 - Henry II, King of England (1154-89)

1252 - Conradin, Duke of Swabia (d. 1268), son of Conradin IV

1259 - Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1332)

1297 - Andronicus III Palaeologus, Byzantine emperor (d. 1341)

1297 - Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (d. 1364)

1345 - Blanche of Lancaster, wife of John of Gaunt (d. 1369)

1347 - Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (d. 1380)

1404 - John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (d. 1444)

1539 - Christopher Clavius, German mathematician (d. 1612)

1643 - Louis Moréri, French encylopedist (d. 1680)

1653 - Joseph Sauveur, French physicist/mathematician

1661 - Paul de Rapin, French historian (d. 1725)

1786 - Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist

1818 - Isaac Ingalls Stevens, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1823 - William Thompson Martin, Mjr General (Confederate Army), died in 1910

 

 

 

1840 - Myles Keogh, U.S. Soldier in U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment & Irish Soldier of Fortune (d. 1876)

 

 

http://www.cowanauctions.com/itemImages/e3853.jpg

 

 

 

 

1873 - Rudolf Rocker, German/US anarchist

1881 - Béla Bartok, Hungary, composer/pianist (Concerto for Orchestra)

1908 - David Lean, Croydon England, director (Dr Zhivago, Ryan’s Daughter)

1911 - Jack Ruby, killer of Lee Harvey Oswald (d. 1967)

1913 - Sir Reo Stakis, Anglo-Cypriot hotel magnate (d. 2001)

 

 

 

1914Norman E Borlaug, US agriculture scientist (Nobel 1970) See also (UE Events 10.20 & UE Deaths 9.12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1918 - Howard Cosell, Winston-Salem NC, sportscaster (Monday Night Football)

1921 - Simone Signoret, Weisbaden Germany, (Casque d’Or, Room at the Top)

1922 - Eileen Ford, modeling agency head (Ford Modeling Agency)

1925 - Flannery O’Connor, GA, novelist (A Good Man is Hard to Find)

1926 - Hans Rausing, Swedish/British industrial/billionaire (Tetra Pak)

1926 - Laszlo Papp, Hungary, Olympic Boxer (Gold-1948, 1952, 1956)

1928 - James A Lovell Jr, Cleveland Ohio, American astronaut (Gemini 7, 12, Apollo 8, 13)

1934 - Gloria Steinem, Toledo Ohio, US feminist/publisher (Ms Magazine)

1934 - Johnny Burnette, Memphis, guitarist (Trains Kept A-Rollin, You’re 16)

1937 - Tom Monaghan, founder of Dominos pizza

1938 - Hoyt Axton, Duncan Oklahoma, actor (Black Stallion, Junkman, Rousters)

1940 - Anita Bryant, Barnsdall Oklahoma, homophobe/singer (George Gobel Show)

 

 

 

1942 - Aretha Franklin, Memphis Tenn, Soul Sister #1/singer (Respect)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1942 - Jacqueline Lichtenberg, US, sci-fi author (Star Trek Lives!, Dreamspy)

1942 - Paul Michael Glaser, Cambridge Mass, actor (Starsky-Starsky & Hutch)

1943 - Pavel Lednev, USSR, pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1980)

1946 - Bonnie Bedelia, [Culkin], NYC, actress (Die Hard, Heart Like a Wheel)

1947 - Elton John, [Reginald Kenneth Dwight], England, singer (Rocketman)

1955 - Lee Mazzilli, American baseball player

1965 - Sarah Jessica Parker, Nelsonville Ohio, American actress (Square Pegs, Sex and the City)

 

 

 

1966 - Jeff Healey, Canada, blind blues guitarist (See the Light)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1967 - Debi Thomas, US, figure skater (Olympic-bronze-1988)

1967 - Doug Stanhope, American comedian

1974 - Lark Voorhies, American actress

1975 - Melanie Blatt, British singer (All Saints)

1976 - Juvenile, American rapper

1982 - Danica Patrick, American race car driver

1984 - Katharine McPhee, American singer/actress

1989 - Chicken Kentucky, 1st partial birth in space (chicken)

 

 

 

Deaths

1223 - Afonso II, 3rd King of Portugal (1211-23), dies at 36

1345 - Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, English politician (b. 1281)

1458 - Inigo Lopez de Mendoza, Spanish marquis of Santillana/poet, dies

1558 - Marcos de Niza, French Franciscan explorer

1603 - Ikoma Chikamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1526)

1692 - Gerardus L Blasius, Flemish anatomist, dies at about 66

1712 - Nehemiah Grew, English naturalist (b. 1641)

1736 - Nicholas Hawksmoor, British architect

1818 - Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (b. 1745)

1918 - Claude Debussy, French composer (Iberia/La mer), dies in Paris at 55

1962 - Auguste Piccard, Swiss explorer/balloonist, dies at 78

 

 

 

1973 - Edward Steichen, pioneer of US photography, dies at 93

 

 

 

 

1992 - Nancy Walker, actress (Ida Morgenstern-Rhoda), dies of cancer at 69

1995 - Warren E Burger, chief justice of US (1969-86), dies

1999 - Cal Ripken, Sr., American baseball manager (b. 1936)

2005 - Paul Henning, American TV/film producer and writer (b. 1911)

2006 - Richard Fleischer, American film director (b. 1916)

 

 

 

2006 - Buck Owens, American singer and television personality (b. 1929)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2012 - Bert Sugar, American sports writer, dies from a cardiac arrest at 74

2012 - Larry Stevenson [Richard], American skateboard innovator, dies  at 81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1379 - End of Gelderse war victory

1545 - German Parliament opens in Worms

1550 - France & England sign Peace of Boulogne

1603 - Scottish king James VI becomes King James I of England

1629 - 1st game law passed in American colonies, by Virginia

1645 - Battle at Jankov Bohemia: Sweden beats RC emperor Ferdinand III

1664- Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island

1721 - Johann Sebastian Bach opens his Brandenburgse Concerts

1765 - Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers

1792 - Benjamin West (US) becomes president of Royal Academy of London

1832 - Mormon Joseph Smith beaten, tarred & feathered in Ohio

1848 - State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam

1878 - British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost

1880 - Tobacco Growers’ Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT

1894 - 37 miners killed at Franklin, WA

1898 - 1st automobile sold

1900 - New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground “Rapid Transit Railroad” that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.

1910 - 83°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March

1920 - 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)

1922 - Grand National at Aintree sees only 3 horses out of 32 starters finish

1930 - Planet Pluto named

1932 - 1st US radio broadcast from a moving train (Belle Baker WABC from MD)

1934 - U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act.

1937 - National Gallery of Art established by Congress

1944 - 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)

1944 - 811 British bombers attack Berlin

1945 - Gen Eisenhower, Montgomery & Bradley discuss advance in Germany

1945 - Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders

1947 - Congress proposes 2-term limitation on the presidency

1949 - Walter & John Huston become 1st father-and-son team to win an Oscar

1950 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman

1950 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1955 - 1st seagoing oil drill rig placed in service

1955 - British Army patrols withdraw from Belfast after 20 years

1958 - Elvis Presley joins the army (serial number 53310761)

1960 - US appeals court rules novel, “Lady Chatterly’s Lover,” not obscene

1964 - Kennedy half-dollar issued

1965 - US Ranger 9 strikes Moon, 10 miles (16 km) NE of crater Alphonsus

1966 - Selective Service announces college deferments based on performance

1967 - U of Mich holds 1st “Teach-in” after bombing of North Vietnam

1979 - Columbia flown on carrier aircraft lands at Kennedy Space Center

1986 - US & Libya clash in Gulf of Sidra

1989 - Worst US oil spill, Exxon’s Valdez spills 11.3 mil gallons off Alaska

1992 - 1st Belgium in the space, Dirk Frimout on Atlantis Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) launches into space

1994 - F-16 collides with C-130 Hercules above AFB in NC, 120 die

1994 - Robert F Kennedy Jr divorces Emily Black

1998 - Jonesboro massacre: Two students, ages 11 and 13, fire upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people are dead and ten are wounded.

1999 - Mont Blanc Tunnel Fire: 39 people die when a Belgian transport truck carrying flour and margarine caught fire in the Mont Blanc Tunnel.

2003 - The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.

2012 - African Union deploys 5,000 strong force with the aim of catching or killing warlord Joseph Kony

 

 

 

Births

1188 - Ferrand of Portugal, earl of Flanders/son of Sancho I

1441 - Ernst I, elector of Saxon (1464-86)

1494 - Georgius Agricola, Germany, mineralogist (De Re Metallica)

1607 - Michiel A de Ruyter, Dutch rear admiral (St Vincent, Dune)

1657 - Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (d. 1725)

1693 - John Harrison, British clockmaker (d. 1776)

1725 - Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1788)

1755 - Rufus King, framer of US constitution

1809 - Joseph Liouville, France, discover of transcendental numbers

1814 - Galen Clark, US, naturalist/discovered Mariposa Grove

1820 - A. E. Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1891)

1821 - [George] Hector Tyndale, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1829 - Ignacio Zaragoza, Mexican general (d. 1862)

1834 - John Wesley Powell, US, geologist/explorer/ethnologist

1848 - Honoré Beaugrand, Quebec journalist and newspaper publisher (La Patrie) (d. 1906)

1855 - Andrew W Mellon, founder (Mellon Bank)/US Sec of Treasury

1866 - Jack McAuliffe, US lightweight boxing champ, hall of famer

 

 

 

1874 - Harry Houdini, [Erich Weiss], Budapestmagician/escape artist

 

 

 

 

1884 - Peter Debye, Holland, physical chemist (Nobel 1936)

1885 - Charlie Daniels, US swimmer (Olympics-4 gold-1904, 08)

1886 - Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)

1887 - Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle, San Jose CA, actor (Keystone comedies)

1891 - Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Soviet physicist (d. 1951)

1895 - Arthur Murray, dancer (Arthur Murray’s Dance Party)

1901 - Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)

1902 - Thomas E Dewey, Oh, 1st Catholic Pres candidate 1944, 1948 (R)

1903 - Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)

1903 - Malcolm Muggeridge, English writer (Observer of Life)

1906 - John Cameron Swayze, news correspondent/spokesman (Timex) [OS]

1907 - Janet Harmon Bragg, US pilot/columnist (Chicago Defender)

1907 - Lauris Norstad, US gen (NATO commander)/CEO (Owens-Corning Fiberglass)

1907 - Lucia Chase, US ballerina/co-founder (American Ballet Theater)

 

 

 

1909 - Clyde Barrowbank robber (Bonnie & Clyde fame)

 

 

 

 

 

1911 - Joseph Barbera, animator (Hanna-Barbera)

1914 - Lilli Palmer, Posen Germany, actress (Boys From Brazil, Sebastian)

1915 - Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (d. 1963)

1916 - Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)

1917 - John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)

1919 - Lawrence Ferlinghetti, US, beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind)

1919 - Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005

1922 - Dave Appell, singer/musician/songwriter (In the Midnight Hour)

1923 - Edna Jo Hunter, expert on military families & prisoners of war

1923 - Murray Hamilton, Washington NC, actor (Rich Man Poor Man)

1924 - Norman Fell, Phila, actor (Mr Roper-3′s Company, The End, Graduate)

1926 - Dario Fo, Leggiuno Sangiano VA, playwright (Nobel-1997)

 

 

 

1930 - Steve McQueenSlater Moactor (Wanted, Dead or AliveBlobBullitt)

 

 

 

 

 

1931 - Thelma Kalama, US, 4 X 100m relay swimmer (Olympic-gold-1948)

1932 - William Smith, Columbia Mo, actor (Rich Man Poor Man, Hawaii 5-0)

1936 - David Suzuki, Canadian scientist and environmentalist

1943 - Jesus Alou, baseball outfielder (SF Giants)

1943 - Marika Kilius, German FR, ice skating pair (Olympic-silver-1960, 64)

1944 - Denny McLain, baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers, 31 wins in 1968)

 

 

 

1944 - R. Lee ErmeyGunnyAmerican actor

 

 

 

 

1945 - Robert T. Bakker, American paleontologist

1946 - Lee Oskar, Denmark, rock harmonicist (War-Why Can’t We Be Friends)

1946 - Paul Williams, climber

1947 - Alan Sugar, English multi-millionaire/computer manufacturer (Amstrad)

1947 - Mike Kellie, rock drummer (Spooky Tooth-It’s All About)

1949 - Steve Lang, Montreal Canada, rock bassist (April Wine)

1949 - Nick Lowe, England, rock vocalist (Rockpile-Cruel to be Kind)

1951 - Dougie Thompson, rocker (Supertramp-Bloody Well Right)

1951 - Kenneth S Reightler Jr, Patuxent R Md, Cmdr USN/astro (STS 48, 60)

1954 - Donna Pescow, Brooklyn, actress (Angie, Out of this World, Rainbow)

1954 - Robert Carradine, LA California, actor (Slim-The Cowboys, Wavelength)

1957 - Scott J Horowitz, Phila Pa, PhD/Capt USAF/astronaut (STS 75, 82)

1959 - Renaldo Nehemiah, US, hurdler (110m at 12.93)/NFLer (SF 49ers)

1960 - Kelly LeBrock, NYC, actress (Weird Science, Woman in Red)

1960 - Nena, German pop singer

1962 - Star Jones, attorney/TV hostess (NBC, Inside Edition)

1965 - Angela Zuckerman, St Louis Mo, speed skater (Olympics-1994)

1967 - Kathy Rinaldi-Stunkel, Fla, tennis player (Virginia Slims of Ark 1987)

1967 - Richard Gillam, Atlanta Ga, pairs skater (& Erin Moorad)

1969 - Yoko Zetterlund, SF California, volleyball setter (Olympics-bronze-92, 96)

1970 - Lara Flynn Boyle, Davenport Iowa, actress (Donna Hayward-Twin Peaks)

1973 - Josh Lakatos, Pasadena California, trap shooter (Olympics-silver-1996)

1974 - Chad Butler, American drummer (Switchfoot)

1976 - Danielle Garrett, Camp Hill Penn, soccer forward (Olympics-96)

1979 - Lake Bell, American actress

1985 - Haruka Ayase, Japanese actress and model

1986 - Kohei Hirate, Japanese racing driver

 

 

Deaths

809 - Harun al-Rashid, caliph of the Abbasid empire (786-809), dies at 44

1284 - King Hugh III of Cyprus

1381 - Saint Catharine of Sweden, Swedish saint

1396 - Walter Hilton, English mystic

1455 - Nicholas V, [Tommaso Parentucelli], Italian Pope (1447-55), dies at 57

 

 

 

1471 - Thomas Maloryauthor (Le Morte d’Arthur), dies at 55

 

 

 

 

 

1563 - Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader (b. 1514)

1603 - Elizabeth I Tudor, [Virgin Queen], of England and Ireland (1558-1603), dies at 69

1635 - Jacques Callot, French cartoonist/engraver, dies at about 42

1661 - William Leddra, last Quaker, hanged in Boston

1773 - Philip Dormer Stanhope, English statesman (b. 1694)

1776 - John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)

1877 - Walter Bagehot, English economist/critic/banker, dies at 51

1882 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, US poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75

 

 

1905 - Jules Vernesci-fi author (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 77

 

See Also : Happy Birthday Jules Verne

 

 

 

1915 - Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (b. 1846)

1945 - J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada’s 1st parachutist, dies

1945 - Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies

1946 - Alexander A Aljechin, world chess champ (1927-35, 37-46), dies at 53

1950 - James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (b. 1865)

1964 - Peter Lorre, Hungarian/US actor (Maltese Falcon, Raven), dies at 59

 

 

1976 - Bernard L MontgomeryBritish generaldefeated Rommeldies at 88

 

 

 

 

1980 - Oscar Romero, archbishop of San Salvador, murdered during mass

1982 - Ace Goodman, KC Mo, comedian (Easy Aces), dies at 83

1990 - An Wang, computer manufacturer (Wang), dies at 70 of cancer

1990 - Ray Goulding, comedian (Bob & Ray), dies of kidney failure at 68

1993 - John Hersey, Pulitzer prize author (Hiroshima), dies at 78

1995 - Joey Long, blues/cajun guitarist, dies at 62

1997 - Martin Caidin, American aviation writer (b. 1927)

2002 - César Milstein, Argentine scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1927)

2008 - Chalmers “Spanky” Alford‎, American guitarist (b. 1955)

2008 - Neil Aspinall, British record producer (b. 1941)

2008 - Richard Widmark, American actor (b. 1914)

2010 - Jim Marshall, American photographer (b. 1936)

2010 - Robert Culp, American actor (b. 1930)

2010 - Johnny Maestro, American singer (b. 1939)

2012 - Jocky Wilson, Scottish world champion darts player, dies at 62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1026 - Koenraad II crowns himself king of Italy

1066 - 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1153 - Treaty of Konstanz between Frederik I “Barbarossa” & Pope Eugene III

1174 - Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow.

1490 - 1st dated edition of Maimonides “Mishneh Torah” published

1568 - Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike

1630 - French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont

1657 - France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk

 

 

 

1775 - Patrick Henry proclaimsGive me liberty or give me death

 

 

 

 

 

1794 - Josiah Pierson patents a “cold-header” (rivet) machine

1794 - Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland

1821 - Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.

1839 - 1st recorded use of “OK” [oll korrect] (Boston’s Morning Post)

1840 - Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype)

1849 - Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)

1857 - Elisha Otis’ 1st elevator installed (488 Broadway, NYC)

1862 - Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign

1864 - Encounter at Camden AR

1865 - General Sherman/Cox’ troops reach Goldsboro NC

1868 - University of California founded (Oakland California)

1881 - Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war

1881 - Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die

1889 - The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London.

1903 - Wright brothers obtain airplane patent

1910 - 1st race at Los Angeles Motordrome (1st US auto speedway)

1912 - Dixie Cup invented

1917 - Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US

1918 - Alick Wickham dives 200′ into Australia’s Yarra River

1918 - Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed

1918 - Lithuania proclaims independence

1918 - Paris bombs “Thick Bertha’s Dike” (nickname for the widow Krupp)

1919 - Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

1929 - 1st telephone installed in White House

1931 - Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

1934 - US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945

1938 - Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St L Cardinals minor leaguers

1940 - 1st radio broadcast of “Truth or Consequences” on CBS

1942 - 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported

1944 - Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives

1945 - British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine

 

 

 

1945Largest operation in Pacific war, 1,500 US Navy ships bombard Okinawa

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - Premier Churchill visits Montgomery’s headquarter in Straelen

1960 - Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit

1962 - JFK visits SF

1965 - Gemini 3 launched, 1st US 2-man space flight (Grissom & Young)

1965 - Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed

1972 - Evel Knievel breaks 93 bones after successfully clearing 35 cars

1973 - Yoko Ono is granted permanent residence in US

1979 - Larry Holmes TKOs Osvaldo Ocasio in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

1981 - Supreme Court upholds law making statutory rape a crime only for men

1981 - Supreme Court rules states could require, with some exceptions, parental notification when teen-age girls sought abortions

1983 - US president Ronald Reagan introduces “Star Wars”-plan (SDI)

1984 - Ice Dance Championship at Ottawa won by J Torvill & Chris Dean (GRB)

1984 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Katarina Witt (GDR)

1984 - Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

1986 - Heavyweight Trevor Berbick KOs Pinklon Thomas

1987 - Soap “Bold & Beautiful” premieres

1987 - US offers military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf

1989 - 2 Utah scientists claim they have produced fusion at room temperature

1989 - Joel Steinberg sentenced to 25 yrs for killing his adopted daughter

1990 - Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood ordered to help clean up Prince William Sound & pay $50,000 in restitution for 1989 oil spill

1991 - Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.12m)

1994 - Howard Stern formally announces his Libertarian run for NY governor

1994 - Joey Buttafuoco, released from jail after 4 months & 9 days

1995 - Dollar equals 88.41 yen (record)

1996 - Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.

2001 - The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.

2003 - In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

2005 - The United States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-1 decision, refuses to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube.

2005 - A major explosion at the Texas City Refinery kills 15 workers.

2007 - Burnley Tunnel catastrophe occurs in Melbourne, Australia.

2007 - Iranian Navy seize Royal Navy personnel in Iraqi waters.

 

 

 

Births

1429 - Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI of England (d. 1482)

1599 - Thomas Selle, composer

1638 - Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist

 

 

 

1645 - William Kidd, Pirate Legend From Scotland (d. 1701)

 

 

 

 

 

1699 - John Bartram, naturalist/explorer, father of American botany

1723 - Agha Mohammad Khan Ghajar, King of Iran (d. 1771)

1749 - Pierre-Simon Laplace, mathematician/astronomer/physicist

1754 - Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)

1761 - John W de Winter, Dutch vice-admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)

1769 - William Smith, geologist (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils)

1769 - Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (d. 1832)

1808 - Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, sociologist/historian (Statistic yearbook)

 

 

 

1818 - Don Carlos Buell, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898

 

 

 

 

 

1825 - Edward Lloyd Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1898

1857 - Fannie Farmer, actress (namesake of a candy company)

1858 - Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel prize 1927)

1868 - Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)

1876 - Muirhead Bone, Glasgow Scotland, etcher/engraver of architecture

1881 - Hermann Staudinger, Germany, chemist/plastics researcher (Nobel ’53)

1882 - Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)

1883 - Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria

1900 - Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)

1901 - Jan H de Groot, Dutch resistance fighter/co-founder (Free Netherlands)

1905 - Joan Crawford, [Lucille Le Sueur], Texas, actress (Mildred Pierce), (d. 1977)

1907 - Daniel Bovet, Switzerland, pharmacologist (Nobel 1957)

1908 - Dominique de Menil, arts patron/human rights advocate

1910 - Akira Kurosawa, Tokyo Japan, director (7 Samurai, Living)

1911 - Charles Joseph A Russhon, USAF lt col/liaison (James Bond films)

1912 - Alfred Schwarzmann, Germany, gymnast (Olympic-2 golds-1936)

 

 

 

1912 - Werner von Braun, Wirsitz Germany, rocket expert (I Aim at the Stars)

 

 

 

 

 

1915 - Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II hero (d. 1991)

1917 - Johnny Guarnieri, NYC, jazz pianist (Morey Amsterdam Show)

1919 - Michael Lyne, British air Vice-marshal

1921 - Donald Malcome Campbell, Surrey UK, boat racer (1955 speed records)

1922 - Marty Allen, Pitts, comedian (Allen & Rossi), “Hello Dere”

1922 - Ugo Tognazzi, Cremona Italy, actor/director (La Cage Aux Folles)

1929 - Michael Manser, architect

1929 - Roger Bannister, England, 1st to run a 4 minute mile (May 6, 1954)

1933 - Monique van Vooren, Belgium, actress (Andy Warhol’s Frankenstein)

1937 - Craig Breedlove, LA, auto-racing champion (613 MPH-Spirit of America)

1937 - Heinz Martin Lonquich, composer

1937 - Robert Gallo, American physician

1938 - Maynard Jackson, first black mayor of Atlanta (d. 2003)

1943 - Gail Goodrich, NBA star (Lakers, Suns)

1949 - Ric Ocasek, Balt, rock vocalist (Cars-Double Life, Bye Bye Love)

1949 - Roland Lee, American Watercolor Artist

1950 - Corrine Clery, Paris France, actress (Moonraker, Yor)

1952 - Patricia Richardson, Bethesda MD, actress (Jill-Home Improvement)

1952 - Kim Stanley Robinson, American author

1953 - Chaka Khan, [Stevens], Great Lakes Il, rocker (Rufus-I am Every Woman)

1953 - Louie Anderson, Minn, comedian (Ratboy, Wrong Guys)

1954 - Moses Malone, NBA center (Atlanta Hawks, Milw Bucks, Phila ’76ers)

1957 - Amanda Plummer, NYC, actress (Hotel New Hampshire, Dollmaker)

1957 - Sheila Rena Ingram, Wash DC, 4X400m relayer (Olympic-silver-1976)

1957 - Teresa Ganzel, Toledo Ohio, actress (Teachers Only, Duck Factory)

1958 - Etienne De Wilde, Belgian cyclist

1958 - El Duce, American singer and drummer (The Mentors) (d. 1997)

1959 - Catherine Keener, American actress

1960 - Terry Sweeney, St Albans NY, writer/comedian (SNL)

1964 - John Pinette, American comedian

1966 - Marti Pellow, rocker (Wet, Wet, Wet-Wishing I Was)

 

 

 

1971 - Yasmeen Ghauri, Montreal Canada, model (Valentino Perfume)

 

 

 

 

 

1972 - Judith Godrèche, French actress and author

1973 - Jason Kidd, NBA guard (Phoenix Suns, Dallas Mavericks)

1973 - Wim Eyckmans, Belgian racing driver

1975 - Alydar, American racehorse (d. 1990)

1976 - Keri Russell, actress (Mickey Mouse Club, Lottery, Daddy Girls)

1976 - Jayson Blair, American journalist and author

1976 - Ricardo Zonta, Brazilian racing car driver

1978 - Nicholle Tom, Hinsdale IL, actress (Beethoven, Maggie-Nanny, BH 90210)

1978 - Perez Hilton, American television personality and blogger

1981 - Erin Crocker, American NASCAR driver

 

 

 

Deaths

1103 - Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1058)

1169 - Shirkuh, Kurd general/vizier of Cairo/Saladin’s uncle, dies

1237 - Jan of Brienne, King of Jerusalem/Emperor of Constantinople, dies

1361 - Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster (b. c.1310)

1369 - Pedro, the Cruel, King/tyrant of Castile & Leon, murdered

1548 - Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takeda Shingen

1559 - Emperor Gelawdewos of Ethiopia (killed in battle) (b. 1521/1522)

1618 - James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
1653 - Johan van Galen, Dutch admiral (Dunes Monte Christo), dies at about 48

1747 - Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (b. 1675)

1786 - Patience Wright, 1st US woman pro artist, dies (birth date unknown)

1801 - Tsar Paul I of Russia (1796-1801) is struck with a sword, strangled, and trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael’s Castle aged 46

1842 - Stendhal, [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Lamiel), dies at 59

1914 - Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès (Saint Rebecca) Lebanese saint (b. 1832)

1931 - Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev Indian freedom fighters

 

 

 

1944 - O C Wingate, British major-general  (Burma), dies in air crash

 

 

 

 

 

1963 - Davey Moore, dies seconds after KOed in feather-weight championship

1964 - Peter Lorre, actor (Casino Royale), dies at 59

1980 - Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist (b. 1928)

1983 - Barney Clark, 1st artifical heart recipient, dies after 112 days at 62

1985 - Singing Nun, commits suicide in Belgium at 52

1987 - Dean Paul Martin, musician/tennis pro, killed in plane crash at 29

1991 - Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1913)

1992 - Friedrich A von Hayek, British economist (Road to Serfdom), dies at 92

1994 - Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican pres candidate, assassinated at 44

1995 - Robert Turner, winner of 1st All-American Soap Box Derby, dies at 72

2001 - Rowland Evans, American journalist (b. 1921)

 

 

 

2006 - David B. Bleak, US Army  Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)

 

 

 

 

BLEAK, DAVID B. Photo

Citation

” Sgt. Bleak, a member of the medical company, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. As a medical aidman, he volunteered to accompany a reconnaissance patrol committed to engage the enemy and capture a prisoner for interrogation. Forging up the rugged slope of the key terrain, the group was subjected to intense automatic weapons and small arms fire and suffered several casualties. After administering to the wounded, he continued to advance with the patrol. Nearing the military crest of the hill, while attempting to cross the fire-swept area to attend the wounded, he came under hostile fire from a small group of the enemy concealed in a trench. Entering the trench he closed with the enemy, killed 2 with bare hands and a third with his trench knife. Moving from the emplacement, he saw a concussion grenade fall in front of a companion and, quickly shifting his position, shielded the man from the impact of the blast. Later, while ministering to the wounded, he was struck by a hostile bullet but, despite the wound, he undertook to evacuate a wounded comrade. As he moved down the hill with his heavy burden, he was attacked by 2 enemy soldiers with fixed bayonets. Closing with the aggressors, he grabbed them and smacked their heads together, then carried his helpless comrade down the hill to safety. Sgt. Bleak’s dauntless courage and intrepid actions reflect utmost credit upon himself and are in keeping with the honored traditions of the military service.”

 

 

 

 

2006Desmond Doss, American soldier and first conscientious objector Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)

 

 

 

 

DOSS, DESMOND T. Photo

Citation

” He was a company aid man when the 1st Battalion assaulted a jagged escarpment 400 feet high As our troops gained the summit, a heavy concentration of artillery, mortar and machinegun fire crashed into them, inflicting approximately 75 casualties and driving the others back. Pfc. Doss refused to seek cover and remained in the fire-swept area with the many stricken, carrying them 1 by 1 to the edge of the escarpment and there lowering them on a rope-supported litter down the face of a cliff to friendly hands. On 2 May, he exposed himself to heavy rifle and mortar fire in rescuing a wounded man 200 yards forward of the lines on the same escarpment; and 2 days later he treated 4 men who had been cut down while assaulting a strongly defended cave, advancing through a shower of grenades to within 8 yards of enemy forces in a cave’s mouth, where he dressed his comrades’ wounds before making 4 separate trips under fire to evacuate them to safety. On 5 May, he unhesitatingly braved enemy shelling and small arms fire to assist an artillery officer. He applied bandages, moved his patient to a spot that offered protection from small arms fire and, while artillery and mortar shells fell close by, painstakingly administered plasma. Later that day, when an American was severely wounded by fire from a cave, Pfc. Doss crawled to him where he had fallen 25 feet from the enemy position, rendered aid, and carried him 100 yards to safety while continually exposed to enemy fire. On 21 May, in a night attack on high ground near Shuri, he remained in exposed territory while the rest of his company took cover, fearlessly risking the chance that he would be mistaken for an infiltrating Japanese and giving aid to the injured until he was himself seriously wounded in the legs by the explosion of a grenade. Rather than call another aid man from cover, he cared for his own injuries and waited 5 hours before litter bearers reached him and started carrying him to cover. The trio was caught in an enemy tank attack and Pfc. Doss, seeing a more critically wounded man nearby, crawled off the litter; and directed the bearers to give their first attention to the other man. Awaiting the litter bearers’ return, he was again struck, this time suffering a compound fracture of 1 arm. With magnificent fortitude he bound a rifle stock to his shattered arm as a splint and then crawled 300 yards over rough terrain to the aid station. Through his outstanding bravery and unflinching determination in the face of desperately dangerous conditions Pfc. Doss saved the lives of many soldiers. His name became a symbol throughout the 77th Infantry Division for outstanding gallantry far above and beyond the call of duty.”

 

 

 

 

2007 - Paul J. Cohen, American mathematician, Fields Medal winner (b. 1934)

2007 - Eric Medlen, American NHRA drag racer (b. 1973)

2011 - Elizabeth Taylor, English-American actress (b. 1932)

2012 - Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, President of Somalia, dies from liver failure at 77

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

238 - Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperor.

752 - Stephen II elected Catholic Pope (or 23rd)

1349 - Townspeople of Fulda Germany massacre Jews (blamed for black death)

1457 - Gutenberg Bible became the 1st printed book

1556 - Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes archbishop of Canterbury

1594 - French King Henri IV festival in Paris

1621 - Hugo de Grote escapes in bookcase from Loevenstein castle, Neth

 

 

 

1622 - 1st American Indian (Powhattanmassacre of whites Jamestown Virginia347 slain

 

 

 

 

 

1630 - 1st colonial legislation prohibiting gambling enacted (Boston)

1638 - Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Mass Bay Colony

1733 - Joseph Priestly invents carbonated water (seltzer)

 

 

 

1765 - Stamp Act passed1st direct British tax on colonists

 

 

 

 

 

1775 - Edmund Burke presents his 13 articles to the English parliament

1790 - Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st US Secretary of State

1794 - Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries

1822 - NY Horticultural Society founded

1829 - The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece.

1865 - Raid at Wilson’s: Chickaswas AL to Macon GA

1929 - 66 horses run in Irish Grand National Sweepstakes

1929 - KIT-AM in Yakima WA begins radio transmissions

1929 - USCG vessel sank Canadian schooner suspected of carrying liquor

1934 - 1st Masters golf championship began in Augusta, Ga

1934 - Fire destroys Hakodate Japan (kills 1,500, injures 1,000)

1935 - Blood tests authorized as evidence in court cases (NY)

 

 

 

1941 - Grand Coulee Dam in Washington goes into operation

 

 

 

 

 

1944 - 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin

1945 - US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein

1946 - 1st US rocket to leave the Earth’s atmosphere (50 miles up)

1947 - President Harry Truman signs executive order calling for loyalty

1958 - Faisal succeeds Saudi as king of Saudi-Arabia

1958 - Liz Taylor’s 3rd divorce (Mike Todd)

1960 - 1st patent for lasers, granted to Arthur Schawlow & Charles Townes

1963 - Brit Min of War John Profumo denies having sex with Christine Keeler

1965 - US confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong

1967 - Muhammad Ali KOs Zora Folley in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

1969 - 31st NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Purdue 92-72 UCLA wins its 5th national championship in 6 years

1972 - Congress approves Equal Rights Amendment (never ratified)

1972 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar named NBA MVP

1972 - Nick Mileti purchases Cleve Indians for $9 million

1972 - Yankees trade Danny Cater to the Red Sox for Sparky Lyle

1975 - A fire at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels.

1978 - Karl Wallenda of the The Flying Wallendas dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

1981 - 1st class postage raised to 18 cents from 15 cents

1984 - Teachers at the McMartin preschool in Manhattan Beach, California are charged with Satanic ritual abuse of the children in the school. The charges are later dropped as completely unfounded.

1985 - NASA launches Intelsat VA

1986 - Ice Pairs Championship at Geneva won by Gordeeva & Grinkov (URS)

1986 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Debi Thomas (USA)

1986 - Trevor Berbick beats Pinklon Thomas in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1990 - Anchorage jury finds Capt Hazelwood innocent of Valdez oil spill

1991 - Pamela Smart (HS teacher) found guilty in NH of manipulating her student-lover to kill her husband

1993 - Intel introduces Pentium-processor (80586) 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS

1997 - Comet Hale-Bopp Closest Approach to Earth (1.315 AU)

1997 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Tara Lipinski (USA)

 

 

 

2004 - Ahmed Yassinco-founder and leader of the Palestinian Sunni Islamist militant group Hamasand bodyguards are killed in the Gaza Strip when hit by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache fired Hellfire missiles.

 

 

 

 

 

2006 - ETA, armed Basque separatist group, declares permanent ceasefire.

2006 - Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages are freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox.

2009 - Mount Redoubt, a volcano in Alaska began erupting after a prolonged period of unrest.

2012 - Largest protest in Quebec’s history occurs in Montreal with over 200,000 people marching against government tuition hikes and for free access to post-secondary education

2012 - Australia’s most wanted man, Malcolm Naden, is captured after seven years on the run in Gloucester, New South Wales

 

 

 

Births

841 - Bernard Plantapilosa, Count of Auvergne (d. 885)

1212 - Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (d. 1235)

1366 - Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (d. 1399)

1459 - Maximilian I of Habsburg, German Emperor/archduke of Austria

1503 - Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (d. 1583)

1599 - Anthony Van Dyck, Flemish painter (Charles I of England)

1609 - John II Casimir Vasa, cardinal/king of Poland (1648-68)

1663 - August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (d. 1727)

1720 - Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (d. 1799)

1723 - Charles Carroll, American statesman (d. 1783)

1797 - Kaiser Wilhelm I, German emperor (1871-88)

1813 - Gabriel Rene Paul, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886

1814 - Thomas Crawford, US sculptor (Babes in the Wood)

 

 

 

1817 - Braxton BraggGen (Confederate Army), died in 1876

 

 

 

 

 

1818 - John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (d. 1846)

1819 - William Wirt Adams, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888

1822 - Seth Williams, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1866

1824 - William Henry Chase Whiting, Major General (Confederate Army)

1834 - Francis Asbury Shoup, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896

1846 - Randolph Caldecott, England, illustrator (Caldecott Medal namesake)

1860 - Alfred Ploetz, German physician (d. 1940)

1868 - Robert A Millikan, US physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923)

1869 - Emilio Aguinaldo, first President of the Philippines (d. 1964)

1887 - Chico Marx, [Leonard Martin], NYC, comedian (Marx Brothers)

1903 - James S Russell, US pilot/admiral (WW II Pacific Ocean)

1907 - James Gavin, US, 82nd Airborne Div General (Sicily/Normandy)

 

 

 

1908  - Louis D L’AmourJamestown NDauthor (HondoJubal Sackett)

 

 

 

 

 

1912 - Henri Rousselot, admiral

1912 - Karl Malden, Chicago, actor (Mike-Streets of SF, American Express)

1913 - Lew Wasserman, American film studio executive (d. 2002)

1915 - Forest Sagendorf, cartoonist

1916 - George Wyle, NYC, orchestra leader (Jerry Lewis Show, Flip Wilson Show)

1920 - Ross Martin, Grodek Poland, actor (Mr Lucky, Wild Wild West)

1923 - Marcel Marceau, Strasbourg France, mime (Barbarella, Silent Movie)

1924 - Al Neuharth, newspaper founder (USA Today)

1926 - Julius Marmur, biochemist/geneticist

1930 - Derek Bok, college president (Harvard)

1930 - Pat Robertson, televangelist (700 club, Pres candidate-R-1989)

1930 - Stephen Sondheim, NYC, lyricist (West Side Story, Company)

1931 - William Shatner, Montreal Canada, actor (Star Trek, T J Hooker)

1932 - Richard Thomas, admiral

1935 - M[ichael] Emmet Walsh, Ogdensburg NY, actor (Wildcats, War Party)

1936 - May Britt, Sweden, actress (Young Lions)/wife of Sammy Davis Jr

1936 - Roger Whittaker, Nairobi Kenya, country singer (Durham Town)

1940 - Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian/American actor (d. 1996)

1941 - Bruno Ganz, Zurich Switzerland, actor (Strapless, Wings of Desire)

1941 - Gary Lewis, horse trainer

 

 

 

1943 - George BensonPittsburgh PaAmerican jazz singer/guitarist 

 

 

VIDEOS

1943 - Keith Reif, England, rocker (Yardbirds-For Your Love, Renaissance)

1944 - R P Mardling, headmaster (Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Wakefield)

1946 - Rudy/Rudolf [von Bittner] Rucker, US, sci-fi author (Wetware)

1946 - Serge, [Ruud Schaap], Dutch singer/guitarist (Saskia & Serge)

1948 - Andrew Lloyd Webber, London, composer (Phantom of the Opera, Cats)

1948 - Randy Hobbs, rocker (Johnny Winter Band, McCoys)

1948 - Wolf Blitzer, American television journalist

1949 - Fanny Ardant, Monte Carlo, actress (Australia, Confidentially Yours)

1949 - Fran Sheehan, Boston Mass, rock bassist (Boston-More than a Feeling)

1950 - Jocky Wilson, Scottish darts player (world champion 1982, 1989), (d. 2012)

1951 - Howard Reitzes, Southgate Ca, rocker (Iron Butterfly)

1951 - Musa Khiramanovich Manarov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-4, TM-11)

1952 - Bob Costas, Queens NY, sportscaster/talk show host (Later)

1956 - Lena Olin, Stockholm Sweden, actress (Enemies A Love Story)

1956 - Generosa Ammon, widow of Ted Ammon (d. 2003)

1957 - Stephanie Mills, singer/actress (Wiz)

1963 - Rich Monteleone, Tampa FL, pitcher (California Angels)

1963 - Suzanne Sulley, Sheffield S Yorks, rocker (Human Leauge-Human)

1970 - Travis Richards, Crystal Minn, US hockey defenseman (Olympics-1994)

1974 - Kidada Jones, American actress

1975 - Jiri Novak, Czechostovakia, tennis star

1976 - Reese Witherspoon, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

337 - Constantine, Emperor of Rome, dies at 47

1322 - Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, English politician (b. 1278)

1418 - Dietrich of Nieheim, German historian

1421 - Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of Henry IV of England (killed in battle) (b. 1388)

1544 - Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (b. 1488)

1589 - Lodovico Guicciardini, Ital historian, dies at 67

1602 - Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (b. 1557)

1685 - Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (b. 1638)

1758 - Jonathan Edwards, theologian/philosopher (Original Sin), dies at 54

1772 - John Canton, English physicist (b. 1718)

1777 - John Bartram, father of American botany, dies at 77

 

 

 

1820 - Stephen Decaturkilled in a duel with Com James Barron at 41

 

 

 

 

 

1832 - J W Goethe, writer, dies at 82

1840 - Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (b. 1798)

1931 - Ban Johnson, founder of baseball’s American League, dies at 67

1958 - Michael Todd, producer (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 56

1974 - Peter Revson, US race car driver (Indianapolis 500), dies at 35

1975 - Cass Daley, actress (Red Garters), dies at 59

1975 - Paul Verhoeven, German director dies at 73

1978 - Karl Wallenda, falls to death walking high-wire in PR at 73

1987 - Joan Shawlee, actress (Abbott & Costello Show), dies at 58

1990 - Gerald Bull, Canadian engineer (b. 1928)

1993 - Steve Olin, pitcher (Cleve Indians), drowns at 27

1993 - Tim Crews, pitcher (Cleve Indians), drowns at 31

1994 - Luther Diamond, radio Personality, dies at 89

1994 - Walter Lantz, US cartoonist (Woody Woodpecker), dies at 93

2001 - William Hanna, American animator and studio founder, dies at 90

2006 - Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (b. 1921)

2006 - Kurt von Trojan, Australian science fiction author (b. 1937)

2009 - Jade Goody, Reality TV Star and Entrepreneur

2010 - James W. Black, Scottish Nobel Prize-winning doctor and medical research scientist (b. 1924)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

630 - Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem.

 

 

 

717 - Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.

 

 

 

 

 

1188 - Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku.

1349 - 3,000 Jews killed in Black Death riots in Efurt Germany

1413 - Henry V becomes King of England.

1421 - Battle of Beauge-French beat British

1610 - King James I addresses English House of Commons

1681 - 3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London

 

 

 

1788 - Fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans Louisiana

 

 

 

 

 

1790 - Thomas Jefferson reports to Pres Washington in NY as Sec of State

1791 - Capt Hopley Yeaton of NH becomes 1st commissioned officer in USN

1804 - French civil Code of Napoleon adopted

1824 - Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses

1851 - Yosemite Valley discovered in California

1857 - Earthquake hits Tokyo; about 107,000 die

1859 - Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh

1859 - Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated

1863 - Naval Engagement at Havana Cuba-USS Henrick Hudson vs BR Wild Pigeon

1864 - Battle at Henderson’s Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana

1865 - Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman

1868 - 1st US professional women’s club, Sorosis, forms in NYC

1871 - Journalist Henry M Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa

1871 - Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)

1907 - US invades Honduras

1909 - Moran & MacFarland (US) wins Europe’s 1st 6 day bicycle race (Berlin)

1913 - -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400

1917 - 1st female US Navy Petty Officer is Loretta Walsh

 

 

 

1918 -  During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive

 

 

 

 

 

1924 - Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US

1927 - Guomindang Army conquerors Shanghai as British marines flee

1935 - Persia officially renamed Iran

1937 - Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade

1941 - Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 13 for heavyweight boxing title

1942 - Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk

1943 - Assassination attempt on Hitler fails

1943 - British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia

1943 - Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.

1944 - Gen Eisenhower postpones S France invasion until after Normandy

1945 - 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa

1945 - During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany

1945 - Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police

1947 - Pres Harry Truman signs Executive Order 9835 requiring all federal employees to have allegiance to the United States

1951 - 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea

1951 - Julius & Ethel Rosenberg convicted of espionage

1952 - -22] Tornadoes in Ark, Tenn, Mo, Miss, Ala & Ky cause 343 deaths

1952 - 31 storms crosses 6 states killing 340 in South-Central US

1952 - Alan Freed presents Moondog Coronation Ball at old Cleveland Arena, 25,000 attend 1st rock & roll concert ever

1953 - NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)

1960 - Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 72 in South Africa & outlaws ANC

1961 - Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record ($3,925,000)

1961 - Beatles’ 1st appearance at the Cavern Club

1962 - A bear becomes the 1st creature to be ejected at supersonic speeds

1963 - Alcatraz federal penitentiary in SF Bay closed

1964 - UCLA completes undefeated NCAA basketball season (30-0)

1965 - Martin Luther King Jr begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama

1965 - US Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact

1966 - Supreme Court reverses Mass ruling that “Fanny Hill” is obscene

1968 - Israeli forces cross Jordan River to attack PLO bases

1970 - The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto.

1970 - Vinko Bogataj crashes during a ski-jumping championship in Germany; his image becomes that of the “agony of defeat guy” in the opening credits of ABC’s Wide World of Sports.

1971 - Vermont seasonal snowfall totals 132.2″

1972 - US Supreme Court rules states can’t require 1-yr residency to vote

1974 - Attempt made to kidnap Princess Anne in London’s Pall Mall

1975 - Ethiopia ends monarchy after 3000 years

1979 - Egyptian Parliament unanimously approve peace treaty with Israel

1980 - President Jimmy Carter announces US boycott of Moscow Olympics

1980 - On TV show Dallas, J.R. is shot

1983 - Only known typo on Time Magazine cover (control=contol), all recalled

1984 - Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan

1985 - Arthur Ashe is named to Intl Tennis Hall of Fame

1985 - Bloodbath at Langa (Uitenhage) South-Africa, 19 killed

1986 - 199.22 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

1989 - 1st sea test of Trident 2 missile self-destructs, Cape Canaveral

1990 - Namibia becomes independent of South Africa, Sam Nujoma becomes president

1991 - 27 lost at sea when 2 US Navy anti-submarine planes collide

1991 - UN Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq

1993 - Pope John Paul II declares Duns Scotus, a saint

1994 - Dudley Moore arrested for hitting girlfriend

1999 - Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.

2002 - In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.

2002 - British schoolgirl Amanda Dowler is abducted in broad daylight on her way home from Heathside School in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey.

2012 - Five former Guatemalan paramilitaries are sentenced to 7,710 years in jail for their role in the Plan de Sanchez massacre in 1982

 

 

 

Births

1466 - French van Brederode, leader Hoeksen

1474 - Angela Merici, Italian monastery founder/saint

1521 - Maurice, Duke and later Elector of Saxony (1547-53). Died 1553

1527 - Hermann Finck, composer

1685 - Johann Sebastian Bach, Eisenach Germany, composer (Mattheus-Passion)

 

 

 

1713 - Francis Lewisbusinessmandelegatesigner Decl of Ind

 

 

 

 

 

1768 - Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier, mathematician/Egyptologist

1806 - Benito Pablo Juarez, Oaxaca Mexico, president of Mexico (1858-72)

1813 - James Jesse Strang, King of Mormons on Beaver Is, MI (1850-56)

1839 - Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Karevo, Russian composer (Boris Gudunov, Night on Bald Mt) [NS]

1863 - George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp(d.1934)

1866 - Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury, astronomer

1869 - Albert Kahn, architect, originated modern factory design

1869 - Florenz Ziegfeld, producer (Ziegfield Follies)

1884 - George D Birkhoff, US mathematician (Aesthetic measure)

 

 

 

1902 - Eddie James “Son” Housefolk blues musician (Delta Blues)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1906 - John D Rockefeller III, billionaire philanthropist (oil)

1906 - Jim Thompson, American designer and businessman

1913 - George Abecassis, English race car driver (d. 1991)

1929 - James Coco, Bronx NY, actor (Man of La Mancha, Murder by Death)

1929 - Jules Verne Berman, space & science reporter (ABC-TV)

1933 - John Hall, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire

1938 - Wilf Corrigan, English/US electronic manufacturer (LSI Logic)

1939 - Martha Hudson, Eastman Ga, 4X100m relayer (Olympic-gold-1960)

 

 

 

1940 - Solomon BurkeAmerican , bluesman , singer

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1941 - Malcolm Francke, cricketer (leg-spinner, Ceylon 1956 to Qld 1984)

1943 - Antal Dunai, Hungary, soccer player (Olympic-gold-1968)

1944 - Charles Edward Greene, Pine Bluff Ark, 4x100m runner (Oly-gold-1968)

1945 - Rosemary Stone, vocalist/pianist (Sly & Family Stone-Everyday People)

1946 - Timothy Dalton, North Wales, actor (James Bond-Living Daylights)

1949 - Eddie Money, [Mahoney], Bkln, singer/guitarist (Take Me Home Tonight)

1950 - Peter Banks, rocker (Yes), (d. 2013)

1950 - Roger Hodgson, rock vocalist (Supertramp-It’s Raining Again)

1953 - Shotgun Johnson [Robert], rock drummer (KC & the Sunshine Band-Give it Up)

1956 - Ingrid Kristiansen, Norway, marathoner (Olympic-4th-1984, Bost-86, 89)

1957 - Sabrina Le Beauf, New Orleans La, actress (Sondra-Crosby Show)

1958 - Gary Oldman, actor (Sid & Nancy, Criminal Law, State of Grace)

1958 - Marlies Gohr, German DR, sprinter (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1960 - Ayrton Senna, Brazilian formula-1 racer (1988 champ)

1961 - Slim MacDonnell, Jim Phantom rock percussionist (Stray Cats)

1961 - Shawn Lane, American guitar virtuoso (d. 2003)

1962 - Matthew Broderick, NYC, actor (WarGames, Biloxi Blues)

1963 - Sharon June Howe Pederson, Glencoe Mn, rocker (Vixen-Rev It Up)

1967 - Elaina Oden, Orange CA, volleyball middle blocker (Oly-bronze-92, 96)

1967 - Jonas “Joker” Berggren, Swedish musician (Ace of Base)

1969 - Jennifer Lyn Jackson, Cleveland Ohio, playmate (April, 1989)

1973 - Ananda Lewis, American model and television personality

1978 - Charmaine Dragun, Australian news anchor (d.2007)

1980 - Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian cross-country skier

1980 - Deryck Whibley, Canadian guitarist and singer (Sum41)

1982 - Colin Turkington, British racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

1063 - Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia, venerated in Roman Catholicism, wife of King Mieszko II of Poland

1076 - Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1011)

1181 - Taira Kiyomori, Japanese Feudal general (b. 1118)

1306 - Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1248)

1487 - Nicholas of Flue, Swiss hermit and saint (b. 1417)

1556 - Thomas Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury, burned at stake at 66

1617 - Pocahontas, Native American, daughter of Powhatan (b. c. 1595)

1729 - John Law, Scottish financier, dies at about 57

1762 - Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)

1768 - Jan J Mauricius, Dutch governor-gen of Suriname (1742-51), dies at 75

1772 - Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, French cartographer (b. 1703)

1795 - Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (b. 1714)

1804 - Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d’Enghien (executed) (b. 1772)

1843 - Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico (b. 1786)

1850 - Miguel Pedrorena, American settler

1857 - Abraham J van der Aa, lexicographer (Biograph dictionary), dies at 64

1863 - Edwin Vose Sumner, US Union-general-major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66

1881 - Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)

1915 - Frederick Winslow Taylor, American inventor (b. 1856)

1921 - “Big Jim” Colisimo, US gangster, murdered by Al Capone

1958 - Cyril M Kornbluth, US sci-fi writer (Space Merchants), dies at 34

1974 - Candy Darling, [James Slattery], female impersonator, dies

1980 - Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist (b. 1888)

1982 - Harry H Corbett, Brits actor (Steptoe & Son, Jabberwacky), dies at 57

1984 - Shauna Grant, American actress (suicide) (b. 1963)

1985 - Michael Redgrave, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Mr Arkadin), dies at 77

1987 - Dean Paul Martin, actor (Billy-Misfits of Science), dies at 35

1987 - Robert Preston, actor (Harold Hill-Music Man), dies at 68

1991 - Leo Fender, inventor (Fender guitar), dies

1992 - John Ireland, actor (Rawhide), dies of leukemia at 78

1999 - Ernie Wise, British comedian (b. 1925)

2005 - Bobby Short, American singer (b. 1924)

2007 - Kevin Whitrick, first British man to commit suicide on a live chatroom (b. 1964)

 

 

 

2011 - Pinetop PerkinsMember of the BlueHall of Fame (b. 1913)

 

VIDEOS

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

141 - 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1345 - Saturn/Jupiter/Mars-conjunction: thought “cause of plague epidemic”

1525 - Paris’ parliament begins pursuit of Protestants

1600 - The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden.

1616 - Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana

1739 - Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.

1760 - Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings

1800 - French army defeats Turks at Helipolis Turkey, & advance to Cairo

1815 - Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule

1816 - US Supreme Court affirms its right to review state court decisions

1852 - Harriet Beecher Stowe’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” published (Boston)

1863 - Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals

1865 - 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC

1868 - Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville Kentucky of $14,000

1886 - 1st AC power plant in US begins commercial operation, Mass

1896 - Marines land in Nicaragua to protect US citizens

1896 - Uprising in Matabeleland

1897 - 1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10

1911 - Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway NYC

1920 - 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)

 

 

 

1922 - USS Langley is commissionedNavy’s 1st Aircraft Carrier

 

 

 

 

 

1930 - Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph

1933 - Dachau, 1st concentration camp, completed

1934 - Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany

1934 - Test of practical radar apparatus made by Rudolf Kuhnold in Germany

1934 - Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Phila A’s in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers

1937 - Franco-offensive at Guadalajara Spain

1942 - Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia

1942 - Gen MacArthur vows, “I shall return”

1943 - British offensive against Mareth-line

1943 - German U-384 bombed & sinks

1944 - Mount Vesuvius, Italy explodes

1945 - US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar

1947 - 180-metric ton blue whale (record) caught in South Atlantic

1951 - Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java

1952 - Final ratification of peace treaty restoring sovereignty to Japan

1952 - US senate ratifies peace treaty with Japan

1956 - 156-day strike against Westinghouse ends

1956 - Mount Bezymianny on Kamchatka Peninsula (USSR) explodes

1956 - Tunisia gains independence from France

1958 - 50″ snow across the Mason-Dixon line

 

 

 

1968 - LBJ signs a bill removing gold backing from US paper money

 

 

 

 

 

1972 - 19 mountain climbers killed on Japan’s Mount Fuji during an avalanche

1973 - Roberto Clemente elected to Hall of Fame, 11 weeks after his death

1976 - Patricia Hearst convicted of armed robbery

1979 - Columbia flies on Shuttle carrier aircraft to Kennedy Space Center

1980 - The Mi Amigo ship containing England’s pirate Radio Caroline sinks

1980 - US appeals to International Court on hostages in Iran

1981 - Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron sentenced to 8 years

1981 - Jean Harris sentenced 15-to-life for slaying of Scarsdale Diet Dr

1982 - Joan Jett & Blackhearts’ “I Love Rock ‘n’ Roll” goes #1 for 7 wks

1984 - Senate rejects amendment to permit spoken prayer in public schools

1985 - Libby Riddles is 1st woman to win Iditarod Trail Dog Sled Race

1986 - 228 KPH gust of wind strikes Cairngorm (UK record)

1986 - Jacques Chirac forms French government

1987 - FDA approves sale of AZT (AIDS treatment)

1987 - NASA launches Palapa B2P

1990 - LA Lakers retires Kareem Abdul-Jabbar’s #33

1990 - Singer Gloria Estefan breaks her collarbone in a bus accident

1991 - Court awards Peggy Lee $3 million in suit against Disney

1991 - Michael Jackson signs $65M 6 album deal with Sony records

1991 - Supreme Court rules unanimously employers can’t exclude women from jobs where exposure to toxic chemicals could potentially damage fetus

1991 - US forgives $2 billion in loans to Poland

1992 - Janice Pennington is awarded $1.3M for accident on Price is Right set

1993 - Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (36.02 sec)

1993 - IRA-bomb kills 3 year old in Warrington England

1994 - El Salvador’s 1st pres election following 12-year-old civil war

1995 - Dow-Jones hits 4083.68 (record)

1995 - Poison Gas released in Tokyo subway 12 killed, 4,700 injured

1996 - Erik & Lyle Menendez found guilty of killing their parents

1999 - Legoland California, the first and only Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California.

2000 - Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after a gun battle that leaves a Georgia sheriff’s deputy dead.

2004 - Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, becoming the party’s first leader.

2006 - Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The rebel movement sought to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Deby.

2012 - 50 people are killed and 240 injured in a wave of terror attacks across 10 cities in Iraq

2012 - Disney movie John Carter records one of the largest losses in cinema history with a $200 million dollar write down

 

 

 

Births

43 BC - Ovid, Roman poet (d. 17)

1469 - Princess Cecily of York (d. 1507)

1477 - Jerome Emser, German theologian (d. 1527)

1502 - Pierino Belli, Italian soldier and jurist (d. 1575)

1735 - Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (d. 1784)

1750 - Martinus van Marum, Dutch chemist/physicist (Homo Diluvii Testus)

1804 - Neal Dow, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897

1812 - George Bibb Crittenden, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1880

1823 - John Echols, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896

 

 

 

1823 - Ned BuntlineAmerican publisher (d. 1886)

 

 

 

 

 

1825 - William Nelson Rector Beall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1828 - Henrik Ibsen, Norway, playwright (Peer Gynt, Hedda Gabler)

1830 - Eugene Asa Carr, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1910

1834 - Charles William Elliot, Boston, Pres of Harvard (1869-1909)

1853 - George Godfrey, Chelsea Mass, heavyweight boxer (Old Chocolate)

1856 - Frederick Winslow Taylor, father of scientific management

1870 - Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general/politician (East Africa)

1879 - Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)

1885 - Hendrik A de Fish, [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological/sociologist

1902 - Edgar Buchanan, Humansville Mo, actor (Uncle Joe-Petticoat Junction)

1903 - Vincent Richards, hall of fame tennis pro (elected 1961)

1904 - B[urrhus] F[rederic] Skinner, Pa, Behaviorism pioneer (Skinner box)

1906 - Abraham Beame, (Mayor-D-NYC), NYC’s 1st Jewish mayor

1906 - Ozzie Nelson, Jersey City NJ, actor (Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet)

1906 - Pavel P Parenago, Russian astronomer

1908 - Michael Redgrave, Bristol England, actor (Browning Version, Lady Vanishes)

1911 - Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and Nobel laureate (d. 1991)

1915 - Sviatosiav Richter, Zhitomir Ukraine, pianist (Stalin Prize-1945)

1918 - Marian McPartland, jazz pianist (Bill Mayer, Jimmy McPartland)

1920 - Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician

1920 - Werner Klemperer, Cologne Germany, actor (Col Klink-Hogan’s Heroes)

1922 - Carl Reiner, Bronx, comedian (2000 Year Old Man, Dick Van Dyke Show)

1922 - Ray Goulding, Lowell Mass, comedian (Bob & Ray)

1925 - John D Erlichman, Politician (Nixon aide, Watergate)

1926 - Ted Bessell, Flushing NY, actor (Don-That Girl, Frankie-Gomer Pyle)

1928 - Christopher Benstead, race horse trainer

1928 - Fred Rogers, Latrobe PA, children TV host (Mr Rogers’ Neighborhood)

1928 - Jerome Cousins Biffle, Denver Co, long jumper (Olympic-gold-1952)

1936 - Lee “Scratch” Perry, Jamaican Reggae artist

1937 - Helmut Recknagel, Germany, 90m ski jump (Olympic-gold-1960)

1937 - Jerry Reed, Atlanta GA, singer/actor (Bat 21, Smokey & the Bandit)

1938 - Sergei Petrovich Novikov, Russian Mathematician, Fields Medalist

1943 - Paul Junger Witt, American TV producer

1945 - Pat Riley, Schenectady NY, NBA coach (Lakers, Knicks, Heat)

1945 - Henry Bartholomay, American fighter pilot

1947 - Carl Palmer, drummer (Asia-Heat of the Moment, Emerson Lake & Palmer)

1947 - John Eastburn Boswell, medievalist

1948 - Bobby Orr, Parry Sound, Ontario, HOF NHL defenseman (Boston Bruins)

1948 - Pamela Sargent, US, sci-fi author (Venus of Dreams, Cloned Lives)

 

 

 

1949 - Marcia BallAmerican blues singer and pianist

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1950 - William Hurt, Wash DC, actor (Big Chill, Children of a Lesser God)

1951 - Guy Perry, rock guitarist/vocalist (Motels-Only the Lonely)

 

 

 

1951 - Jimmie Vaughanguitarist (Fabulous Thunderbirds)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1951 - John Wetton, rocker (Asia)

 

 

 

1952 - Geoff BrabhamAustralian racing driver

 

 

 

 

 

 

1954 - Jim Seales, Hamilton Ala, singer (Shenandoah-Sunday in the South)

1957 - Spike Lee [Shelton Jackson Lee], Atlanta, Florida, American film director (Mo Better Blues, Jungle Fever, Malcolm X)

1957 - Theresa Russell, [Paup], SD California, actress (Black Widow, Razor’s Edge)

1957 - David Foster, Australian woodchopper

1958 - Holly Hunter, Conyers Georgia, American actress (Broadcast News, The Piano)

1959 - Sting, American professional wrestler

1961 - Slim Jim Phantom, [Jim Mcdonnell], rock drummer (Stray Cats)

1963 - Paul Annacone, Southampton NY, tennis star

1963 - Manabu Suzuki, Japanese racing driver and broadcaster

1963 - David Thewlis, Blackpool, Lancashire, English actor (Remus Lupin-Harry Potter series)

1969 - Caroline Brunet, Quebec City Quebec, kayaker (Olympics-silver-96)

1969 - Konstantine Starikovitch, Podolsk Russia, 238lbs US weightlift (Oly-96)

1969 - Sharon Manning, WNBA center/forward (Charlotte Sting)

1969 - Thang Thanh Nguyen, Soc Trang Vietnam, murderer (FBI Most Wanted)

1970 - Kristin Klein, Santa Monica California, volleyball outside hitter (Oly-96)

1971 - Touré, American writer

1972 - Alexander Kapranos, Greek-British musician (Franz Ferdinand)

1973 - Jane March, Edgeware England, actress (Lover)

1974 - P J Bogart, NYC, diver (Olympics-96)

1976 - Chester Bennington, American musician (Linkin Park)

1982 - Nick Wheeler, American guitarist (The All-American Rejects)

1984 - Markus Niemelä, Finnish racing driver

1984 - Christy Carlson Romano, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

687 - St. Cuthbert, patron saint of Northumbria (b. c. 634).

842 - Alfonso II the Chaste, king of Asturia (791-842), dies

1191 - Clement III, [Paolo Scolari], Pope (1187-91, 3rd crusades), dies

1239 - Hermann von Salza, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (c. 1179)

1351 - Mohammed ibn-Tughluq, sultan of Delhi India, dies

1393 - Johannes Nepomucenus, [Jan Nepomucky], Czech saint, killed

1413 - King Henry IV of England (b. 1367)

1415 - Henry IV Bolingbroke, King of England (1399-1413), dies at 45

1531 - Sicke Freerks/Frericx, [Cutter], Dutch anabaptist, beheaded

1549 - Thomas Seymour of Sudely, English Lord Admiral, beheaded

1617 - Franciscus Aguilon, physicist/theologist/mathematician, dies at 50

1673 - Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (b. 1603)

1703 - Johann Kunckel/Kunkel, German alchemist/ambassador to Sweden, dies

1780 - Sir Benjamin Truman – English brewer (b. 1699/1700)

1855 - Joseph Aspdin, English mason and inventor (b. 1788)

 

 

 

1865 - Keisuke YamanamiJapanese samurai (b. 1833)

 

 

 

 

1878 - Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (b. 1814)

1890 - Alexander F. Mozhaiski, aviation pioneer (b. 1825)

1894 - Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian freedom fighter/president (1849), dies at 91

1899 - Martha M Place, of Bkln, becomes 1st woman to be executed in an electric chair.

1918 - Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)

1920 - Venustiano Carranza, president Mexico (1915-20), murdered at 60

1929 - Ferdinand Foch, Marshal of France (WW I), dies at 77

1933 - Giuseppe [Joe] Zangara, electrocuted for assassination attempt on FDR

1940 - Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (b. 1860)

1941 - D A van den Bosch, anti-nazi clergyman (Amersfoort Camp), dies

1962 - Andrew E Douglass, Dendrochronologer (Study of Tree Rings), dies

1964 - Brendan Behan, Irish writer/poet, dies at 41

1967 - A J F Moody, 1st US Army General to die in Vietnam

1974 - Chet Huntley, newscaster (NBC Huntley-Brinkley Report), dies at 62

1987 - Norman Harris, guitarist (O’Jays), dies at 39 of heart failure

1988 - Gil Evans, Canadian/US jazz composer (Out of the Cool), dies at 75

1991 - Conor Clapton, Eric Clapton’s son, falls out of 53rd floor window at 5

 

 

 

1994 - Lewis GrizzardAmerican humorist (b. 1946)

 

 

 

 

 

1995 - Rachida Hammadi, Algerian TV journalist, murdered at 32

1995 - Sidney Kingsley, US playwright (Pulitzer prize 1934), dies at 88

1997 - Carlo Fassi, figure skating coach (Fleming, Hamill), dies at 67

1997 - Tony Zale, American boxer (b. 1913)

1998 - George Howard, American jazz saxophone musician

2003 - Sailor Art Thomas, American professional wrestler (b. 1924)

2008 - Eric Ashton, English rugby league footballer (b. 1935)

2008 - Shoban Babu, Indian actor (b. 1937)

2009 - Mel Brown, American/Canadian Blues Guitarist (b. 1939)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1227 - Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX

1279 - A Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China.

1452 - Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Roman German Emperor

1524 - Giovanni de Varrazano of France sights land around area of Carolinas

1563 - Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots

1571 - Spanish troops occupy Manila

1628 - Massachusetts colony founded by Englishmen

1644 - 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor

1687 - Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by own men.

1702 - James II’s daughter Anne Stuart becomes queen of England

1775 - 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)

1822 - Boston, Mass incorporated as a city

 

 

 

1831 - 1st US bank robbery (City Bank, NY/$245,000)

 

 

 

 

 

1861 - The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.

1863 - The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.

1865 - Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC

1866 - Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die

1883 - Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes

1897 - Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game

1918 - Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time

1918 - S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane

1920 - US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations’ covenant (maintaining isolation policy)

1921 - Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded.

1925 - Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop

1927 - Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin

1928 - “Amos & Andy” debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago)

1931 - Nevada legalizes gambling

1932 - The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.

1942 - FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non military duty

1942 - Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago

1943 - Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks

1943 - Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.

1945 - 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan

1945 - Adolf Hitler issues Nero Decree to destroy all German factories

1945 - US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure

1947 - Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan

1949 - 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tn

1954 - 1st rocket-driven sled on rails was tested in Alamogordo, NM

1958 - Britain’s 1st planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud’s in London

1964 - Sean Connery’s 1st day of shooting on “Goldfinger”

1965 - Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies

1965 - The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, was discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction.

1968 - Howard University students seize administration building

1969 - Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention

1969 - The 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build- up.

1972 - LA Lakers beat Golden State Warriors, 162-99, by then record 63 pts

1974 - Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour

1975 - Penn is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports

1977 - Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33)

1978 - 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb

1982 - National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27

 

 

 

1982 - Falklands WarArgentinian forces land on South Georgia Islandprecipitating war with the U.K.

 

 

 

 

 

1984 - “Kate & Allie,” premieres

1984 - Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River

1985 - Senate votes 55-45, to authorize production of the MX missile

1987 - Bonnie Blair skates ladies world record 500 m (39.43 sec)

1987 - PTL leader Jim Bakker resigns after sex scandal with Jessica Hahn

1988 - 2 British soldiers lynched in Belfast North Ireland

1989 - Boeing B-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight

1989 - Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Kurt Browning (CAN)

1989 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Midori Ito (Japan)

1991 - NFL owners strip Phoenix of 1993 Super Bowl game due to Arizona Not recognizing Martin Luther King Day

1994 - Largest omelet (1,383sq ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama Japan

1995 - 5 die by poison gas in Japanese subway

1995 - Bonnie Blair skates female world record point total (156.450)

1997 - Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments

2002 - U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities.

2003 - Invasion of Iraq by American and British led coalition begins without United Nations support and in defiance of world opinion

2004 - Äänekoski bus disaster: A semi-trailer truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.

2004 - A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.

2004 - 3-19 Shooting Incident: Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country’s presidential election on March 20.

2008 - GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye was briefly observed on this day.

2012 - Wendy’s overtakes Burger King to become the second best selling hamburger chain

 

 

 

Births

1434 - Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)

1488 - Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (d. 1544)

1503 - Benedetto Varchi, Ital humanist/historian (Storia Fiorentina)

1589 - William Bradford, gov of Plymouth colony for 30 years (baptized)

1610 - Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter

1629 - Aleksei M Romanov, 1st Romanov tsar of Russia

 

 

1734 - Thomas McKeanUS attorney (signed Decl of Independencedied 1817

 

 

 

 

 

1742 - Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)

1778 - Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)

1813 - David Livingstone, Scotland, explorer (found by Stanley in Africa)

1817 - Lewis Henry Little, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1819 - David Henry Williams, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891

1821 - Francis Barretto Spinola, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

 

 

 

1821 - Capt Sir Richard Burtonexplorer/translator (Arabian NightsKama Sutra)

 

 

 

 

 

1827 - Alexander Shaler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1911

1837 - Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919

1848 - Wyatt Earp, Monmouth Ill, sheriff (OK Corral)

1849 - Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)

1851 - William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)

1860 - William Jennings Bryan, “The Great Commoner” orator/statesman

1865 - William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)

 

 

 

1883 - Joseph W StilwellUS general (China)

 

 

 

 

 

1891 - Earl Warren, Ca, (Gov-R-Ca)/14th supreme court chief justice (1953-69)

1892 - Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)

1892 - James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)

1894 - Jackie “Moms” Mabley, Brevard SC, comedienne (Merv Griffin Show)

1900 - [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)

1904 - John J Sirica, US federal judge (Watergate hearings)

1905 - Albert Speer, German architect/minister of Armament (NSDAP)

1906 - Adolf Eichmann, Ruhr Germany, Nazi Gestapo officer

1910 - Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)

1912 - Adolf Galland, fighter Pilot

1914 - J Jay Berwanger, 1st Heisman Trophy winner (1935)

1915 - Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)

1916 - Irving Wallace, author (People’s Almanac, The Man) [or Mar 18]

1917 - Laszlo Szabo, Hungarian chess player (d. 1998)

1923 - Tige Andrews, Bkln, actor (Capt Adam Greer-Mod Squad)

1925 - Brent Scowcroft, Ogden Utah, Lt Gen (USAF)/National Security Council

1928 - Patrick McGoohan, Astoria NY, actor (#6-Prisoner, Secret Agent)

1930 - Bill Henderson, Chic Ill, jazz singer (Torpedo-Dreams)

1933 - Philip Roth, Newark, novelist (Goodbye Columbus, Portnoy’s Complaint)

1934 - Borge Andersen, Denmark, Danish Chess Champion (1967, 68)

1935 - Burt Metcalfe, Saskatchewan Canada, actor/dir (Father of the Bride)

1935 - Phyllis Newman, Jersey City NJ, actress (Coming of Age, TW3)

 

 

 

1936 - Ursula AndressBerne Switzerlandactress (SheSensuous Nurse)

 

 

 

 

 

1937 - Clarence “Frogman” Henry, musician (You Always Hurt the One You Love)

1937 - Egon Krenz, President of East Germany

1939 - Joe Kapp, NFL QB (Minnesota Vikings, Boston Patriots, Houston Oilers)

1941 - Lord Vestey, British food magnate/billionaire (Union International)

1942 - Jeff Neighbour, US bassist (Joy of Cooking)

1942 - Ross Valory, rocker (Journey)

1943 - Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist, Nobel laureate

1943 - Vern Schuppan, Australian racing driver

1944 - Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin

1945 - Lisa Nicole Baker, Detroit TX, playmate of the year (Nov 1966)

1946 - Paul Atkinson, rock guitarist (Zombies-Never Even Thought)

1946 - Ruth Pointer, singer (Pointer Sisters-I’m So Exicted)

1947 - Glenn Close, Greenwich Ct, actress (The Big Chill, Fatal Attraction)

1947 - John Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire

1952 - Derek Longmuir, Edinburgh Scotland, rock drummer (Bay City Rollers)

1952 - Harvey Weinstein, American film producer

1953 - Hans Rinn, German DR, 2 man lugist (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1953 - Ricky Wilson, Athens Ga, rock guitarist (B-52′s-Love Shack)

1954 - Charles Pinnell, horse trainer

1954 - Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai

1955 - Bruce Willis, Penna Grove NJ, actor (Moonlighting, Die Hard)

1959 - Shelley Burch, Tucson Az, actress (One Life to Live, Identity Crisis)

1968 - Liam Jewell, Toronto Ontario, kayaker (Olympics-96)

1971 - Whitney Hedgepeth, 100m/200m backstroke (Olympics-2 silver-96)

1971 - Nadja Auermann, German supermodel

1974 - Vida Guerra, Cuban-American swimsuit model

1976 - Zach Lind – American drummer (Jimmy Eat World)

1980 - Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator

1985 - Ernesto Viso, Venezuelan racing driver

2007 - Prince Abdullah bin Ali, Prince of Jordan

 

 

 

Deaths

1238 - Duke Henry I of Poland (b. 1163)

1279 - Emperor Bing of Song China (b. 1271)

1286 - King Alexander III of Scotland (b. 1241)

1330 - Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (b. 1301)

1406 - Ibn Khaldun, Arab historian (b. 1332)

1556 - Lieven van der Maude, [Ammonius], South Netherlands poet, dies at 70

1623 - Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1556)

1638 - Paul Moreelse, Dutch painter/master builder, dies at about 66

1644 - Chongzhen, last Ming-emperor of China, commits suicide

1687 - Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle, Fren explorer (Louisiana), killed at 43

1702 - Willem III Henry, [Dutch William], king of England/Scot, dies at 51

1721 - Clement XI, [Giovanni F Albani], Italian Pope (1700-21), dies at 71

1796 - Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)

1871 - Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)

1913 - John Thomas, composer, dies at 87

1914 - Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850)

1930 - Arthur J Balfour, British theologist/premier (1902-05), dies at 81

1942 - Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist (b. 1855)

1943 - Frank Nitti, American gangster (b. 1883)

1945 - Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed

 

 

 

1950 - Edgar Rice Burroughssci-fi author (Tarzan of the Apes), dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

1974 - Edward Platt, actor (Chief-Get Smart), dies at 58

1976 - Paul Kossoff, rock guitarist (Free), dies of heart failure at 25

1978 - Gaston Julia, French mathematician (b. 1893)

1982 - Randy Rhoads, heavy metal guitarist (Ozzy Osbourne), air crash at 25

1984 - Garry Winogrand, American photographer (b. 1928)

1992 - Cesare Danova, actor (Tentacles, Viva Las Vegas), dies at 66

1993 - Jeff Ward, drummer (9 Inch Nails), commits suicide at 30

1994 - Giuseppe Diana, Italian anti-mafia priest, murdered

1996 - William Hutchinson Murray, mountaineer/author, dies at 83

2001 - Charles K. Johnson, President of the Flat Earth Society (b. 1924)

2005 - John De Lorean, American automobile engineer (b. 1925)

2007 - Luther Ingram, American soul singer and songwriter (b. 1937)

2008 - Sir Arthur C. Clarke, English science fiction author and inventor (b. 1917)

 

 

 

2012 - William CharetteAmerican navy hospital corpsman and Medal of Honour recipient,dies at 79

 

 

Air Force Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.

417 - St Zosimus begins his reign as Catholic Pope

731 - St Gregory III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1123 - 1st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1167 - Battle of El-Babein, Egypt: Franks under Amalrik vs Syrians

1190 - Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St Edmonds England

1229 - German emperor Frederick II crowns himself king of Jerusalem

1241 - Kraków is ravaged by Mongols.

1314 - Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake.

1325 - According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date. The event is depicted on the Mexican coat of arms.

1438 - Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Germany

1532 - English parliament bans payments by English church to Rome

1541 - Hernan de Soto observes 1st recorded flood in America (Mississippi R)

1582 - Prince William of Orange injured in attack at Antwerp

1673 - Lord Berkley sells his half of New Jersey to the Quakers

1781 - Charles Messier rediscovers global cluster M92

1813 - David Melville, Newport, RI, patents apparatus for making coal gas

1818 - Congress approves 1st pensions for government service

1834 - 1st railroad tunnel in US completed, in Penn (275 m long)

1834 - Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.

1850 - Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo

1864 - Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles drowning some 240

1865 - Battle of Wilson’s raid to Selma, AL

1874 - Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.

1881 - Barnum & Bailey’s Greatest Show on Earth opens (Madison Square Garden)

1890 - 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)

1895 - 200 blacks leave Savannah, Ga for Liberia

1899 - Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by Pickering

1900 - Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms

1902 - Enrico Caruso becomes 1st well-known performer to make a record

1913 - King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.

1914 - White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China

 

 

 

1915 - French battleship Bouvet explodes640 killed

 

 

 

 

 

1921 - Steamer “Hong Koh” runs aground off Swatow China killing 1,000

1922 - Brit magistrates in India sentence Gandhi to 6 years for disobedience

1922 - Mohandas K Gandhi sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment

1925 - (8) 60-MPH tornadoes speed Mo, In, Il, Ky, & Tn kills 689

1931 - 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)

1937 - The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.

1938 - Mexico takes control of foreign-owned oil properties

1938 - NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women

1940 - Benito Mussolini joins Hitler in Germany’s war against France & Britain

1945 - 1,250 US bombers attacks Berlin

1945 - US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu

1948 - Philips begin experimental TV broadcasting

1949 - NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Org) ratified

1952 - 1st plastic lens for cataract patients fitted (Phila)

1952 - Communist offensive in Korea

1959 - Boston Celtic’s Bill Sharman begins record of 56 straight free-throws

1959 - President Dwight D Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill

1961 - Poppin’ Fresh Pillsbury Dough Boy introduced

1962 - Algerian War ends after 7½ yrs (250,000 die), Ben Bella flees

1965 - Rolling Stones fined £5 each for public urination

1965 - Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.

1966 - Scott Paper begins selling paper dresses for $1

1967 - Beatles’ “Penny Lane,” single goes #1

1967 - Oil tanker Torrey Canyon hits a rock & spills oil

1970 - Cambodia military coup under Gen Lon Nol, prince Sihanuk flees

1971 - 200 die in landslide into Lake Yanahuani, Chungar Peru

1977 - Clash releases their 1st recording “White Riot”

1977 - US restricts citizens from visiting Cuba, Vietnam, N Korea & Cambodia

1977 - Vietnam hands over MIA to US

1978 - 250,000 attend rock concert California Jam II in Ontario Calif

1979 - Battles between Kurds & Iranians break in Sananday Iran

1980 - Vostok rocket exploded on launch pad while being refueled, killing 50

1982 - Singer Teddy Pendergrass’ spinal cord severed in a car accident

1986 - Treasury Dept announces plans to alter paper money

1989 - In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops.

 

 

 

1990 - Largest Art robbery in the history (Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston), where 12 paintings valued at $100 million are stolen

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 - 1st free elections in East Germany, Conservatives beat Communists

1990 - A Tampa little leaguer, dies, after being struck by a pitch

1990 - Biggest US art robbery, $100′s millions at Gardner Museum, Boston

1991 - Mike Tyson beats Razor Ruddock in the 7th round

1991 - Phila ’76ers retires Wilt Chamberlain’s #13 jersey

1992 - Donna Summer gets a star on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame

1994 - South Africa Goldstone committee reveals existence of secret police

1994 - Zsa Zsa Gabor files for bankruptcy

1996 - A nightclub fire in Quezon City, Philippines kills 162.

2003 - FBI agents raid the corporate headquarters of HealthSouth Corporation in Birmingham, Alabama on suspicion of massive corporate fraud led by the company’s top executives.

2003 - British Sign Language is recognised as an official British language.

2005 - Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube is removed at the request of her husband.

Births

1380 - Liduina van Schiedam, Dutch “Christ’s bride”/saint

1395 - John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military leader (d. 1447)

1496 - Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)

1556 - Francois-Hercule de Valois, French duke of Anjou/Brabant

1578 - Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, baptized

1602 - Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (d. 1679)

1603 - Simon Bradstreet, Massachusetts Bay colonist (d. 1693)

1640 - Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)

1701 - Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)

 

 

 

1782 - John C CalhounSCAndrew Jackson’s VP (1825-32)

 

 

 

 

 

1829 - William Robertson Boggs, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1911

 

 

 

1837 - Grover Cleveland, [Stephen], NJ22nd/24th Pres (1885-8993-97)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1839 - Francis Fessenden, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906

1844 - Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Tikhvin Russia, composer (Scheherazade)

1848 - Nathaniel Herreshoff, America Cup yacht designer

1858 - Rudolph C K Diesel, German engineer (Diesel motor)

1869 - [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, British PM (C, 1937-40)

1877 - Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)

1886 - Edward Everett Horton, Bkln NY, actor/narrator (Bulwinkle Show)

1898 - Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)

1899 - Lavrenti Beria, chief of Soviet secret police under Stalin

1905 - Mollie Parnis, NYC, fashion designer (Mollie Roberts Collection)

1905 - Robert Donat, England, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Citadel)

1905 - Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)

1906 - Roy L Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)

1909 - Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)

1911 - Smiley Burnette, Summum Ill, cowboy (Charlie-Petticoat Junction)

1914 - James Pack, naval officer museum curator

1918 - Yevgeny Pepelyaev, Bodaybo, Irkutsk, Soviet Union, fighter pilot, (d. 2013)

1919 - Laila Schou Nilsen, Norway, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1936)

1923 - Andy Granatelli, American motorsports entrepreneur

1925 - Peter Graves [Aurness], Minneapolis Mn, actor (James Phelps-Mission Impossible)

1927 - George Plimpton, NYC, sports writer (Paper Lion)

1928 - William R Boggs, Georgia, Brig Gen/chief of engineers under Bragg

1932 - F[rederik] W[illem] de Klerk, president South Africa (1989-94)

1932 - John Updike, Shillington Pa, poet/novelist (Rabbit Run)

1936 - Tony Nash, England, bobsled (Olympic-gold-1964)

1937 - Mark Donohue, auto racer (1972 Indianapolis 500)

1938 - Charley Pride, Sledge Miss, country singer (Sweet Country)

 

 

 

1941 - Wilson PickettPrattville AlabamaR&B singer (Funky Broadway)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1944 - Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader and politician, (d. 2012)

1945 - Aleksey Vakhonin, USSR, bantam weight (Olympic-gold-1964)

1946 - Michael Reagan, talk show host, Ronald’s son

1946 - Martyn Griffiths, British racing driver

1946 - Michel Leclère, French racing driver

1949 - Alex “Hurricane” Higgins, Irish snooker player (2X world-champ)

1950 - John Hartman, Falls Church Va, rock drummer (Doobie Brothers)

1950 - Larry Perkins, Australian racing driver

1951 - Ben Cohen, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream

1954 - James F Reilly II, Mt Home AFB Idaho, PhD/astronaut (STS 89, sk:100)

1956 - Ingamar Stenmark, Sweden, slalom (Olympic-2 gold-1980)

1958 - Andreas Wenzel, Liechtenstein, skier (Olympic-silver-1980)

1959 - Irene Cara, Bronx NYC, actress/singer (Fame, DC Cab, Certain Fury)

1959 - Luc Besson, French producer, writer, and director

 

 

 

1963 - Vanessa L WilliamsMillwood NY1st black Miss America (1983)/singer

 

 

 

 

 

1964 - Bonnie Blair, Champaign Ill, speed skater (Oly-5 gold/brz-88, 92, 94)

1964 - Alex Caffi, Italian racecar driver

1966 - Jerry Cantrell, US rock guitarist (Alice in Chains-Dirt)

1969 - Sheila Taormina, 4X200m freestyle swimmer (Olympics-gold-96)

1970 - Queen Latifah, rap singer/actress (Khadijah James-Living Single)

1972 - Dane Cook, American comedian and actor

1972 - Nathan Quarry, American mixed martial arts fighter

1973 - Max Barry, Australian author

1978 - Dionne Bainbridge, Brisbane QLD Aust, NZ 200m swimmer (Olympics-96)

1979 - Adam Levine, American singer (Maroon 5)

1979 - Brandon Lee, American adult actor

1981 - Tora Berger, Norwegian biathlete

1982 - Timo Glock German Formula 1 driver

1985 - Vince Lia, Australian Footballer

1985 - Gennaro Esposito, Italian footballer

1986 - Bia Figueiredo, Brazilian racing driver

 

Deaths

235 - Marcus Aurelius Alexander, Syrian emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered

978 - Edward, the Martyr, King of Anglo-Saxons (975-78)/st, murdered at 15

1227 - Honorius III, [Cencio Savelli], Pope (1216-27), dies

1314 - Jacques de Molay, the last grand master of The KnightsTemplar dies burned at the stake

1493 - John of Lannoy, Flemish governor/viceroy of Neth/Zealand, dies at 82

1582 - Jean Jaurequi, Basque attacker of William of Orange, killed by William’s guards

 

 

1584 - Ivan IV [Ivan the Terrible], Russian tsar (1547-84), dies at 53

 

 

 

 

 

1675 - Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)

1696 - Robert Charnock, English conspirator

1745 - Robert Walpole, 1st English premier (1722-42), dies at 68 [NS=3/29]

1781 - Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (b. 1727)

1845 - John Chapman, [Johnny Appleseed], American pioneer agronomist dies in Allen County Indiana

1871 - Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)

1899 - Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails, trains), dies at 76

1933 - Luigi A duke of the Abruzzi, Italian explorer (Ruwenzori), dies at 60

1945 - William Grover-Williams, British racing driver

1947 - William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer (b. 1861)

1964 - Norbert Wiener, US mathematician (cybernetics), dies at 69

1964 - Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (b. 1870)

1976 - Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1893)

1977 - José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1944)

1980 - Erich Fromm, German/US psychoanalyst, dies at 79

 

 

 

1997 - Willem de Kooning (abstract artist), dead Alzheimer’s at 92

 

 

 

 

 

 

2001 - John Phillips, American musician (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1935)

2002 - R.A. Lafferty, American science fiction writer (b. 1914)

2003 - Karl Kling, German race car driver (b. 1910)

2006 - Bill Beutel, American journalist (b. 1930)

2009 - Natasha Richardson, English actress (b. 1963)

2010 - Fess Parker, American actor (b. 1924)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Happy St. Patrick’s Day

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

45 BC - In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.

180 - Marcus Aurelius dies. Commodus is now the only emperor of the Roman Empire.

 

 

 

432 - St Patricka bishopis carried off to Ireland as a slave

 

 

 

 

 

455 - Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor

1190 - Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England

1337 - Edward, the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England.

1537 - French troops invade Flanders

1672 - England declares war on Netherlands

1753 - 1st official St Patrick’s Day

1755 - Transylvania Land Co buys Kentucky for $50,000 from a Cherokee chief

 

 

 

1756 - St Patrick’s Day 1st celebrated in NYC at Crown & Thistle Tavern

 

 

 

 

 

 

1762 - 1st St Patrick’s Day parade in NYC

1766 - Britain repeals the Stamp Act

1776 - British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War

1800 - English warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die

1836 - Texas abolishes slavery

1845 - Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour

1845 - Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London

1854 - 1st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Mass

1863 - Battle of Kelly’s Ford, VA (211 casualities)

1868 - Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued

1876 - 1st record high jump over 6′ (Marshall Jones Brooks)

1876 - Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux indian camps

1884 - John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, Calif

1886 - Carrollton Massacre, (Mississippi) 20 African Americans killed

1897 - Bob Fitzsimmons KOs James J Corbett in 14 for heavyweight boxing title

1898 - 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, NYC (for 1 hour 40 minutes)

1899 - Windsor luxury hotel in NYC catches fire, 92 die

1901 - A showing of seventy-one Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.

1906 - Pres Theodore Roosevelt uses term “muckrake”

1912 - Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick

1918 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford

1918 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles

1921 - Sailors revolt in Kronstadt (thousands die)

1929 - General Motors acquires German auto manufacturer Adam Opel

1939 - Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945): The Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out.

1942 - Belzec Concentration Camp opens-30,000 Lublin Polish Jews transported

1942 - Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander

1950 - Element 98 (Californium) announced

1960 - Eisenhower forms anti-Castro-exile army under the CIA

1963 - Eruptions of Mount Agung Bali, kills 1,900 Balinese

1966 - US sub locates missing H-bomb in Mediterranean

1969 - Golda Meir becomes Israel’s 4th PM

1970 - US casts their 1st UN Security Council veto (Support England)

 

 

 

1973 - St Patrick Day marchers carry 14 coffins commemorating Bloody Sunday

 

 

 

 

 

1978 - Amoco Cadiz tanker spills 1.6 mil gallons of oil off French coast

1978 - Reds don green uniforms for St Patricks Day

1979 - Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Tai Babilonia & R Gardner USA

1979 - Men’s Figure Skating Champ in Vienna won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR)

1979 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Vienna won by Linda Fratianne

1979 - The Penmanshiel Tunnel collapses during engineering works, killing two workers.

1985 - Matti Nykanen of Finland set a world ski jump record of 623′

1986 - Haemers gang robs gold transport in Belgium of 35 million BF

1987 - IBM releases PC-DOS version 3.3

1988 - Highest scoring NCAA basketball game; Loyola-Marymont 119, Wyoming 115

1988 - Iran says Iraq uses poison gas

1989 - Dorothy Cudahy is 1st female grand marshal of St Patrick Day Parade

1992 - Islamic Jihad truck bombs Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires killing 29

1993 - 86 killed by bomb attack in Calcutta

1995 - Sinn-Fein leader Gerry Adams visits White House

2000 - The 800+ deaths of members of the Ugandan cult Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God is considered to be a mass murder and suicide orchestrated by leaders of the cult.

2008 - New York State Governor Eliot Spitzer resigns after a scandal involving a high-end prostitute. David Paterson becomes acting New York State governor.

2012 - John Demjanjuk, convicted Nazi war criminal, dies from natural causes at 91

 

 

Births

1231 - Emperor Shijō of Japan (d. 1242)

1473 - James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513)

1578 - Francesco Albana, Ital painter (Mary’s Ascension)

1676 - Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)

1725 - Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)

1777 - Roger Brooke Taney, Calvert Md, 5th Chief Justice (Dred Scott dec)

1787 - George Simon Ohm, physicist (discovered Ohm’s Law)

 

 

 

1804 - James Bridgerscout/fur trader/mountain man par excellance

 

 

 

 

 

1820 - Patrick Edward Connor, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1828 - Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major General (Confederate Army)

1832 - Moncure Daniel Conway, US, abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)

1832 - Walter Quintin Gresham, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1834 - Gottlieb Daimler, Germany, engineer/inventor/designed 1st motorcycle

1866 - Pierce Butler, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1939)

 

 

 

1874 - Kincsemhorse that never lost a race

 

 

 

 

 

1880 - Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)

1881 - Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)

1884 - Alcide Nunez, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1934)

1895 - Shemp Howard, Bkln, comedian (3 Stooges, Bank Dick) [or 1891]

1902 - Bobby Jones Jr, Atlanta Georgia, amateur golfer (Grand Slam 1930)

1907 - Sonny Werblin, former owner of the New York Jets (d. 1991)

1914 - Sammy Baugh, Texas, NFL hall of famer QB (Wash Redskins)

1915 - Hans Namuth, German/US photographer (Todos Santos, Guatemala)

1915 - William Roycroft, Austria, equestrian 3 day (Olympic-bronze-1976)

1919 - Nat “King” Cole, Montgomery Ala, singer (Unforgettable, Mona Lisa)

1922 - Megan Bull, British head mistress (Holloway Jail)

1925 - G M Hughes, British zoologist

1925 - Jerome Lejeune, physiologist

1932 - Donald N. Langenberg, American physicist

1934 - Q T Macon, blues vocal/guitar

1936 - Thomas K Mattingly II, Chic, Capt USN/astro (Apollo 16, STS-4, 51C)

1937 - Frank Calabrese [Frankie Breeze], Chicago, Illinois, mafia hitman, (d. 2012)

1938 - Rudolf Nureyev, Russia, ballet dancer/choreographer (Kirov)

1941 - Paul Kantner, SF California, rock singer/guitarist (Jefferson Airplane)

1942 - John Wayne Gacy, Chicago Ill, serial killer (32 boys)

1944 - John Sebastian, NYC, singer (Loving Spoonful, Welcome Back Kotter)

1945 - Michael Hayden, General USAF, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

1947 - Ian Gomm, rock guitarist

1948 - Robert Braunwart, who added thousands of dates to this database

 

 

 

1948 - William GibsonCanadasci-fi author (NeuromancerCount Zero)

 

 

 

 

 

1951 - Kurt Russell, Springfeild Mass, actor (Thing, Overboard, Mean Seasons)

1954 - Lesley-Anne Down, London, actress (A Little Night Music, Moonraker)

1955 - Gary Sinise, actor (Apollo 13, Forrest Gump)

1959 - Brian Douglas Jones, Auckland NZ, tornado class yachter (Olympics-96)

1960 - Arye Gross, American actor

1964 - Rob Lowe, Charlottesville Va, actor (St Elmo’s Fire, Hotel NH, Class)

1965 - Caitlin Bilodeaux, Boston Mass, US fencer (Olympic-92)

1967 - Billy Corgan, American musician (Smashing Pumpkins)

1972 - Mia Hamm, Selma Alabama, soccer forward (Olympics-96)

1979 - Nicole “Coco” Austin, American glamor model

1979 - Samoa Joe, Samoan professional wrestler

 

 

Deaths

45 BC - Titus Labienus, Roman leader

180 - Antonius Marcus Aurelius, [Marcus Verus], Emperor of Rome, dies at 58

 

 

 

461 - St Patrickpatron Sof Irelanddies in Saul (according to legend)

 

 

 

 

 

 

659 - Gertrude of Nivelles, Belgian abbess, patron saint of travellers, dies at about 32

1040 - Harold Harefoot (Harold I), King of England (1035-40), dies

1058 - King Lulach I of Scotland

1199 - Jocelin, bishop of Glasgow

1272 - Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (b. 1220)

1425 - Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (b. 1407)

1516 - Giuliano de’ Medici, monarch of Florence, dies at 37

1588 - Petrus Dathenus, Flemish minister/physician (Psalms of David), dies

1653 - Johan van Galen, admiral (battle of Livorno), dies in battle at 48

1704 - Menno baron van Coehoorn, fort builder/Coevorden/howitzer, dies at 63

1713 - Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw [b. 1688)

1764 - George Parker, English astronomer, dies

1782 - Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-born mathematician (b. 1700)

1806 - David Dale, industrialist & philanthropist, dies

1846 - Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61

1853 - Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist, dies at 49

1863 - John Pelham, US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24

1901 - Franz Melde, German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69

1915 - Walter Crane, English painter/cartoonist/illustrator, dies at 69

1941 - Isaak E Babel, writer, dies at 46

1941 - Isaak Emmanuilovich Babel, Rus writer (Crvena Konjica), executed at 46

1941 - Joachim Schepke, German commandant (U-100), dies in battle

1946 - Dai Li, Chinese spymaster (b. 1897)

1956 - Fred Allen, comedian (Fred Allen Radio Show), dies at 61

1965 - Almos Alonzo Stagg, football coach (U of Chic), dies in California at 102

1974 - Louis I Kahn, Estonia/US architect, dies at about 73

1982 - Hans ter Laag, Dutch sound technician, murdered in El Salvador

1982 - Jan Kuiper, Dutch news editor (IKON), murdered in El Salvador

1982 - Joop Willemsen, Dutch cameraman, murdered in El Salvador

1982 - Koos Koster, Dutch newscaster (IKON), murdered in El Salvador

1983 - Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)

1987 - Santo Trafficante, Jr., American gangster (b. 1914)

1990 - Rick Grech, rocker (Blind Faith, Traffic), dies at 44

1992 - Grace Stafford Lantz, cartoon voice (Woody Woodpecker), dies at 87

1993 - Helen Hayes, actress (Airport), dies of congestive heart failure at 92

1994 - Mai Zetterling, actress (Night is My Future), dies of cancer at 68

1995 - Ronnie Kray, English gangster (The Firm), dies at 61

 

 

 

1995 - Sunnyland Slimjazz/bluesinger/pianist (Delta Blues), dies at 87

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1996 - Terry Stafford, American singer (b. 1941)

2005 - George F. Kennan, American Cold War strategist and historian (b. 1904)

2006 - Oleg Cassini, American fashion designer (b. 1913)

2012 - Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull, dies from natural causes at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

597 BC - Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.

1079 - Iran adopts solar Hijrah calendar

1190 - York Progrom: Jews living in York, England, besieged in Clifford’s Tower and massacred or commit sucide rather than submit to baptism

1249 - The Servite Order is officially approved by Cardinal Raniero Capocci, papal legate in Tuscany.

 

 

 

1322 - The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.

 

 

 

 

 

1345 - Holy spirit glides above fire: “the miracle of Amsterdam” (legend)

1521 - Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches Philippines

1527 - Battle at Khanua: Mogol Emperor Babur beats Rajputen

1621 - Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Mass

1689 - The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.

1792 - King Gustav III of Sweden is shot Count Anckarström at a masked ball at the Opera; he dies on March 29.

 

 

 

1802 - Law signed to establish US Military Academy (West Point, NY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1802 - US army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)

1818 - Second Battle of Cancha Rayada – Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.

1830 - New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)

1833 - Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman grad of a pharmacy college

1836 - Texas approves a constitution

1850 - Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Scarlet Letter” published

1861 - Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union

1861 - Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy.

1862 - Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles

1865 - Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)

1867 - First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in The Lancet.

1869 - Hiram R Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

1881 - Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts

1882 - US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross

1900 - Sir Arthur Evans finds old city of Knossus

1910 - Barney Oldfield uses a Benz to break the existing records at Daytona Beach Road Course (131.25mph)

1912 - Mrs William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Wash DC

1915 - Brit battle cruisers Inflexible & Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelle

1916 - US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty

1926 - Robert Goddard launches 1st liquid fuel rocket, goes 184′ (56 meters)

1930 - USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a natl shrine

1934 - Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act

1939 - Germany occupies Czechoslovakia

1940 - German air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow

1941 - Blizzard hits North Dakota & Minnesota killing 60

 

 

 

1945 - Allies secure Iwo Jima

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers.

1947 - Convair Liner, 1st US twin-engine pressurized airplane, tested

1955 - President Eisenhower upheld the use of atomic weapons in case of war

1962 - 1st launching of Titan 2-rocket

1964 - Paul Hornung & Alex Karras reinstated in NFL after 1 year suspension

1968 - My Lai massacre occurs (Vietnam War); 450 die

1968 - Robert Kennedy announces presidential campaign

1968 - General Motors produces its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado.

1972 - John & Yoko are served with deportation papers

1974 - 1st performance at new Grand Ole Opry House at Opryland in Nashville

1975 - US Mariner 10 makes 3rd & final fly-by of Mercury

1977 - US president Carter pleads for Palestinian homeland

1978 - Amoco Cadiz spills 223,000 tons of crude oil off French coast

1978 - Red Brigade kidnaps former premier Aldo Moro in Italy, 5 killed

1978 - US Senate accepts Panama Canal treaty

1984 - Gunmen kidnap William Buckley, CIA station chief in Beirut

1985 - Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson taken hostage in Beirut

1985 - Denny McLain, pitcher; convicted of racketeering, sentenced to 25 yrs

1991 - 7 of Reba McEntire band members are killed in a plane crash

1991 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Munich won by Kristi Yamaguchi

1992 - Matt Keough, in the dugout, is hit flush in the head by a batted ball

1994 - Tonya Harding pleads guilty to felony attack on Nancy Kerrigan

1995 - Dow-Jones hits record 4069.15

 

 

 

1997 - Sandline affairOn Bougainville Islandsoldiers of commander Jerry Singirok arrest Tim Spicer and his mercenaries of the Sandline International.

 

 

 

 

 

2003 - The largest coordinated worldwide vigil takes place, as part of the global protests against Iraq war.

2005 - Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.

 

 

Births

1338 - Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick (d. 1401)

1445 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (d. 1510)

1473 - Henry IV the Pious, Duke of Saxony (d. 1541)

1581 - Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch historian and writer (d. 1647)

1634 - Contessa Marie Madeleine La Fayette, novelist

 

 

 

1739 - George ClymerUS merchant (signed Decl of IndConstitution)

 

 

 

 

 

1750 - Caroline Lucretia Herchel, Hanover, Germany, 1st mod woman astronomer

 

 

 

1751 - James MadisonPort Conway Va, (D-R), 4th US president (1809-17)

 

 

 

 

 

1787 - Georg Simon Ohm, physicist (discovered Ohm’s Law)

1802 - George Archibald McCall, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1806 - Norbert Rillieux, inventor (sugar refiner)

1812 - Henry Dwight Terry, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869

1822 - John Pope, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1832 - Charles Camp Doolittle, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteer)

1834 - James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)

1836 - Andrew S Hallidie, inventor (cable car)

1840 - Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (d. 1931)

1846 - Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (d. 1927)

1849 - James E Smith, became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger

1851 - Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (d. 1931)

1859 - Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)

1884 - Harrison Ford, Kansas City, Missouri, silent screen actor (Rubber Tires, Vanity Fair, Love In High Gear)

1903 - Mike Mansfield, (Sen-D-Mont) majority whip

1906 - Henny Youngman, London England, comedian (Take my wife please)

1911 - Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (d. 1979)

1912 - Patricia Nixon, [Thelma Catherine], Ely Nevada, 1st lady (1968-74)

1920 - Leo McKern, Sydney Aust, actor (Blue Lagoon, Help, Mouse that Roared)

1920 - Traudl Junge, Hitler’s secretary (d. 2002)

1920 - Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)

1925 - Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (d. 2004)

1926 - Jerry Lewis, [Levitch], comedian/fund raiser (MDA), loved in France

1927 - Daniel Patrick Moynihan, US ambassador to UN/(Sen-D-NY, 1977- )

1932 - Ronnie Walter Cunningham, Creston Iowa, Col USMC/astronaut (Apollo 7)

1933 - Ruth Bader Ginsberg, justice (US Supreme Court)

1933 - Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist

1936 - Thelma Hopkins, England, high jumper (Oly-silver-1956)

1940 - Bernardo Bertolucci, Parma Italy, director (Last Tango in Paris)

1940 - Chuck Woolery, Ky, TV game show host (Love Connection)

1943 - Ursula Goodenough, Evolutionary Scholar, Cell Biologist

1946 - Erik Estrada, NYC, actor (CHiPs, Cross & Switchblade, Lightblast)

1948 - Margaret [Edith] Weis, US, sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning)

1951 - Kate Nelligan, London Ontario, actress (Bethune, Eye of the Needle)

1952 - Philippe Kahn, French-American entrepreneur

1953 - Richard Stallman, American free software activist

1954 - Nancy Wilson, SF, rock guitarist (Heart-Never, What about Love)

1954 - Colin Ireland, Kent, England, serial killer (‘Gay Slayer’/ Coleherne killer), (d. 2012)

1955 - Isabelle Huppert, Paris France, actress (Cactus, Heaven’s Gate)

1955 - Jiro Watanabe, Japanese boxer

1958 - Kate Worley, American comic book writer (d. 2004)

1959 - Michael J Bloomfield, Flint Mich, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 86)

1959 - Flavor Flav, American rapper, and reality tv star

1963 - Phung Vuong, Saigon Vietnam, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1964 - Gore Verbinski, American movie director

1965 - Cindy Brown, US, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1988)

1974 - Fotini Vavatsi, Greek archer

1976 - Nick Spano, American actor

1978 - Brooke Burns, American actress

1985 - Nicole Trunfio, Australian supermodel

1987 - Tiiu Kuik, Estonian model

1989 - Peaches Geldof, English Dosser

1991 - Wolfgang Van Halen, son of Eddie Van Halan & Valerie Bertinelli

 

 

Deaths

455 - Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (b. 419)

1021 - Heribert of Cologne, Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Emperor Otto III

1037 - Robert I, Archbishop of Rouen

1072 - Adalbert, archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg, dies

1322 - Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, English soldier (b. 1276) dies in battle at Boroughbridge

1410 - John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (b. 1373)

1485 - Anne Neville, queen of Richard III of England (b. 1456)

1536 - Ibrahim Pasha, grand-visier of Osmaanse Rich, murdered at about 45

1649 - St. Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)

1679 - John Leverett, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1616)

1737 - Benjamin Wadsworth, President of Harvard University (b. 1670)

1738 - George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72

1838 - Nathaniel Bowditch, astronomer/navigation expert, dies at 64

1841 - Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist, dies at 49

1888 - Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (b. 1801)

 

 

 

1903 - Judge Roy BeanAmerican jurist

 

 

 

 

 

1914 - Gaston Calmette, editor (Le Figaro), killed by Mme Caillaux at 55

1914 - John Murray, piloted HMS Challenger to Christmas Island, dies

1926 - Sergeant Stubby, decorated World War I dog

1935 - John J R Macleod, Scot/Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), dies at 58

1941 - John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Challenger), dies at 73

1946 - Marius HLW “Max” Blokzijl, Dutch Nazi propagandist, executed at 61

1959 - John Sailling, last documented Civil War vet, dies at 111

1961 - Chen Geng, Chinese military leader (b. 1903)

1970 - Tammi Terrell, soul singer (You’re All I Need), dies of brain tumor at 24

1971 - Thomas E Dewey, US president candidate (R 1944, 48), dies at 68

 

 

 

1975 - T-Bone Walkerblues guitarist (Funky TownWell Done), dies at 64

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1978 - Aldo Moro, 5 times PM of Italy, assassinated by terrorists

1983 - Arthur Godfrey, TV host (Arthur Godrey Show), dies at 79

1984 - John Hoagland, American photographer (b. 1947)

1991 - 7 members of Reba McIntire’s band, killed in a plane crash

1992 - Renzhong Weangn, China politician (1934-45), dies

1993 - Mohammed Hussein Nagdi, Iran diplomat/resistance fighter, murdered

1995 - Clan Fraser of Lovat, soldier/Landowner, dies at 83

1998 - Derek Harold Richard Barton, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)

2000 - Thomas Ferebee, Hiroshima bombardier (b. 1918)

2001 - Bob Wollek, French race car driver (b. 1943)

2005 - Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (b. 1914)

2006 - David Feintuch, American sci-fi author (b. 1944)

2008 - G. David Low, American astronaut (b. 1956)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

44 BC - Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.

221 - Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself emperor of Shu-Han and claims his legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty.

351 - Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.

493 - Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy

933 - Battle at Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyaren

1311 - Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.

1360 - France invasion army lands on English south coast, conquers Winchel

1382 - Conservative “Popolo Grasso” regain power in Florence Italy

1391 - Jew hating Monk in Seville Spain stirs up people to attack Jews

1493 - Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after 1st new world voyage

1545 - First meeting of the Council of Trent.

1560 - Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise France

1580 - Spanish king Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of prince Willem of Orange

1672 - King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence

1729 - Sister St Stanislas Hachard, 1st US nun, takes her vows, N Orleans

1778 - Nootka Sound, Vancouver Is discovered by Capt Cook

 

 

 

1781 - Battle of Guilford Court HouseSC (British suffer heavy losses)

 

 

 

 

 

1783 - In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New YorkGeorge Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh ConspiracyThe plea is successful and the threatened coup d’etat never takes place.

 

 

 

 

 

1820 - Maine admitted as 23rd state

1827 - Freedom’s Journal, 1st Black newspaper, publishes

1827 - University of Toronto is chartered

1848 - A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.

1862 - Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN

1864 - Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, LA

1867 - Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university

1869 - Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team

1875 - 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested

1887 - 1st salaried fish & game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)

 

 

 

1889 - 6 US & German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa200 die

 

Ships At Anchor Before The Hurricane

German Corvette Olga


SMS Adler

 

 

 

German Warship Eber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1892 - 1st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (NYC)

1892 - NY State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)

1897 - 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden

1901 - Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th

1906 - Brits Rolls, Royce & Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd

1912 - Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins

1913 - 1st presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)

1915 - Neth merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed & sinks in North Sea

1916 - Gen Pershing, 15,000 troops chasing Villa into Mexico, stays 10-mos

1919 - American Legion forms (Paris)

1923 - Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke

1930 - 1st seaplane glider flown, Port Washington, NY

1930 - 1st streamlined submarine of US navy, USS Nautilus, launched

1937 - 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)

1941 - Blizzard in ND kills 151

1943 - Red Army evacuates Kharkov

 

 

 

1944 - Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing

 

 

 

 

 

1945 - Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators

1945 - Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)

1947 - John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy

1952 - Greatest 24-hr rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean

1954 - “CBS Morning Show” premieres with Walter Cronkite & Jack Paar

1955 - US Air Force unveils self-guided missile

1957 - 3rd nation to explode a nuclear bomb (Britain)

1959 - Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s

 

 

 

1960 - Key Largo(PennekampCoral Reef Preserve established (1st underwater park)

 

 

 

 

 

1960 - National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated

1962 - 5 research groups announce simultaneously discovery of anti-matter

1962 - Donald Jackson of Canada, is 1st to land a triple lutz ice skate jump

1962 - Wilt Chamberlain is 1st to score 4,000 pts in an NBA season

1964 - LBJ asks for a War on Poverty

1965 - T.G.I. Friday’s 1st restaurant opens in NYC

1966 - Racial riots erupt in the Watts section of Los Angeles

1968 - Bob Beamon sets indoor long jump record (27’2-3/4″)

1968 - LIFE mag calls Jimi Hendrix “most spectacular guitarist in the world”

1968 - US Mint stops buying & selling gold

1969 - US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigns

1969 - Violent Chinese-Russian border dispute leaves 100s dead

1971 - Chatrooms make their debut on the Internet

1972 - Assassination attempt on governor George Wallace of Alabama

1972 - NASA selects 3 part configuration for Space Shuttle

1975 - Bundy victim Julie Cunningham disappears from Vail, Colo

1977 - “Eight is Enough” premiers on ABC-TV

1977 - US House of Reps begin 90 day test of televising its sessions

1978 - -21] operation Litani: Israeli offensive in South Lebanon

1982 - Nicaragua suspends their citizens rights for 30 days

1985 - The first Internet domain name is registered (symbolics.com).

1986 - Funeral services held for Swedish PM Olaf Palme

1988 - Eugene Marino of Atlanta, appointed 1st African American archbishop

1988 - NASA reports accelerated breakdown of ozone layer by CFK

1989 - Dept of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position

1989 - NY Rangers retire goalie Eddie Giacomin’s #1 uniform

1991 - 4 LA police are charged with beating Rodney King

1991 - Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record 6.14m (20 feet 1 3/4)

1992 - UN officially embarks on its largest peacekeeping operation

1999 - Pluto again becomes outermost planet

2004 - Announcement of the discovery of 90377 Sedna, the farthest natural object in the Solar system so far observed.

 

 

 

Births

76 - HadrianRoman Emperor (builder of Hadrian’s Wall)

 

 

 

 

 

938 - Romanos II, Byzantine emperor (d. 963)

1275 - Margaret Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1318)

1493 - Anne Pierre Adrien duke of Montmorency, marshal of France

1591 - Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)

1638 - Shunzhi Emperor of China

1666 - George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden). Died 1738

1713 - Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, astronomer who mapped the So Hemisphere

 

 

 

1767 - Andrew JacksonCarolinasGeneral/(D7th pres (1829-37)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1790 - Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)

1801 - Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer

1811 - Robert Allen, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1886

1813 - John Snow, English epidemiologist (d. 1858)

1821 - Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)

1821 - Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)

1830 - Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)

1831 - Edward Aylesworth Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1835 - John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)

1854 - Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)

1858 - Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding)

1866 - Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)

1868 - Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)

1873 - Lee Shubert, producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him)

1874 - Harold L Ickes, social activist, New Deal politician

1887 - Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)

1892 - James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)

1901 - J Pat O’Malley, England, actor (Touch of Grace, Gunn, Star!)

1905 - Berthold Schenck von Stauffenberg, attempted to assassinate Hitler

1905 - Joe E Ross, comedian (Gunther Toody-Car 54, Ritzik-Phil Silvers Show)

1907 - Jimmy McPartland, jazz trumpeteer/actor (Magic Horn)

1912 - Duncan Stuart Wilson-MacDonald, fighter pilot

 

 

 

1912 - Lightnin‘ [SamHopkinsTexasblues guitarist (Lightnin’s Blues)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1913 - Jack Fairman, British racing driver (d. 2002)

1914 - Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)

1916 - Geert Lubberhuizen, publisher (Busy Bee)1916 - Harry James, Albany Ga, trumpeter (married to Betty Grable)

1920 - Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)

1920 - E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1923 - George Vogel, race horse trainer

1923 - Laurence A Tisch, NYC, CEO (Loews Corp)

1924 - Juij Bondarew, writer

1926 - Norm Van Brocklin, NFL QB/coach (LA Rams), hall of famer

1927 - Carl Smith, Maynardville Tn, country singer (Grand Ole Opry)

1927 - Philip Vincent Belloc Jebb, architect

1930 - Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1932 - Alan Lavern Bean, Wheeler Texas, Capt USN/astronaut (Ap 12, Skylab 3)

1932 - David Alliance, Iran/British textile factory/multi-millionaire

1933 - Cecil Perceval Taylor, composer/jazz pianist (U of Wisconsin)

1935 - Jimmy Lee Swaggart, evangelist

1935 - Judd Hirsch, Bronx, actor (Alex-Taxi, Dear John, Ordinary People)

1940 - Phil Lesh, [Chapman], California, rock bassist (Grass Roots, Grateful Dead)

1941 - Mike Love, California, rock saxophonist/vocalist (Beachboys-In My Room)

1943 - David Cronenberg, Toronto Ontario, director (Shivers, Fly, Brood)

1944 - David Costell, Pitts, rocker (Gary Lewis & the Playboys-Diamond Ring)

1944 - Sly Stone, Dallas, rocker (Sly & the Family Stone-Everyday People)

1945 - Jorgen Sundelin, Sweden, yachtsmen (Olympic-gold-1968)

1946 - Bobby Bonds, baseball player (Giants, Yankees, etc)

1946 - Howard Scott, San Pedro Cal, rock guitarist/vocalist (War, Cisco Kid)

 

 

 

1947 - Ry[land] CooderLAblues guitarist (Crossroads)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 - Tomas Pettersson, Sweden, cyclist (Olympic-silver-1968)

1955 - Dee Snider, Massapequa NY, (Twisted Sister-We’re Not Gonna Take It)

1957 - Park Overall, Tenn, actress (Laverne-Empty Nest, Mississippi Burning)

1959 - Renny Harlin, Finnish film director

1961 - Fabio [Lanzoni], Italy, romance novels model (Fabio After Dark)

1962 - Terrence Trent D’Arby, NYC, rock vocalist (Wishing Well)

1963 - Bret Michaels, Harrisburg Pa, guitarist (Poison-Talk Dirty to Me)

1968 - John Tardy, US heavy metalist (Obituary, Slowly We Rot)

1968 - Mark McGrath, American musician (Sugar Ray)

1968 - Jon Schaffer, American guitarist (Iced Earth)

1971 - Penny Lancaster, English model

1974 - John “Beatz” Holohan, American musician

1975 - Will.i.am, American musician

1976 - Jennifer 8. Lee, American journalist

1978 - Takeru Kobayashi, Japanese competitive eater

1978 - Sid Wilson, American musician (Slipknot)

1979 - Kevin Youkilis, American baseball player

1985 - Antti Autti, Finnish snowboarder

1985 - Tom Chilton, British racing driver

 

 

Deaths

44 BC - Julius Caesar, Roman military and political figure, is stabbed to death at 55

220 - Cao Cao, King of Wei (b. 155)

493 - Odiaker (Odoacer), German army leader/King of Italy (476-93), murdered

752 - Zachary, Greek/Italian Pope (741-52), dies [or Mar 22]

963 - Romanus II, Byzantine emperor (959-63), dies at 25

1034 - Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies

1145 - Pope Lucius II

1311 - Walter V of Brienne, Duke of Athens at the Battle of Halmyros

1670 - John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (b. 1597)

 

 

 

1881 - Emory UptonUS Union Major-Gen (Selma), commits suicide at 42

 

 

 

 

 

1891 - Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (b. 1819)

1898 - Henry Bessemer, English metallurgist (b. 1813)

 

 

 

1929 - Pine-Top Smithjazz pianist (Boogie Woogie Piano), dies at 24

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1937 - H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (b. 1890)

1951 - John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)

1966 - Abe Saperstein, founder (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 63

1975 - Aristotle S Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, dies at 69

1983 - Rebecca West, English writer (b. 1892)

1990 - Tom Harmon, NFL tail back (Heisman Trophy), dies at 70

1990 - Farzad Bazoft, Iranian-born journalist (hanged) (b. 1958)

1991 - Budd [Lawrence] Freeman, US jazz saxophonist (Eel), dies at 84

1994 - Mae Zetterling, Swedish actress (Night Games), dies at 68

1995 - Florence Chadwick, American swimmer, dies at 86

2003 - Paul Stojanovich, Reality TV pioneer (b. 1956)

2004 - Sir William Pickering, New Zealand-born space scientist (b. 1910)

2004 - John Pople, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1925)

2005 - Shoji Nishio, Japanese martial artist (b. 1927)

2007 - Charles Harrelson, American hitman and father of Woody Harrelson (b. 1938)

2007 - Bowie Kuhn, American commissioner of baseball (b. 1926)

2008 - Mikey Dread,Jamaican singer (b. 1954)

2009 - Ron Silver, American actor (b. 1946)

2011 - Nate Dogg, American rapper, Nathaniel Dwayne Hale. (b. 1969)

2011 - Smiley Culture, British reggae singer, David Victor Emmanuel. (b. 1962)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice.

1558 - Ferdinand I appointed Holy Roman emperor

1559 - Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Neth

1590 - Battle at Ivry: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League

1629 - England granted a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony

1644 - England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)

1647 - Thirty Years’ War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.

1689 - Scotland dismisses Willem III & Mary Stuart as king & queen

1743 - 1st American town meeting (Boston’s Faneuil Hall)

1757 - On-board the HMS Monarch, English Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty.

1794 - Eli Whitney patents cotton gin

1812 - Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812

1821 - African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)

1845 - -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen

1862 - Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern

1864 - Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana

1869 - Defeat of Titokowaru , NZ

1888 - 2nd largest snowfall in NYC history (21″)

1889 - German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his “Navigable Balloon”

1900 - US currency goes on gold standard

1910 - Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere.

1912 - King Vittorio Emanuel III of Rome injured during assassination attempt

1913 - John D Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

1915 - German cruiser Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile

1916 - Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridgeWest of Verdun

1918 - 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF

1931 - 1st theater built for rear movie projection (NYC)

1933 - Civilian Conservation Corp, begins tree conservation

1936 - Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue

1937 - Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio

1939 - Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia

1943 - World War II – The Kraków Ghetto is ‘liquidated’.

1950 - FBI’s “10 Most Wanted Fugitives” program begins

1951 - During Korean War, US/UN forces recapture Seoul

1953 - Nikita Khrushchev succeeds Malenkov as secretary Comm Party

1958 - RIAA certifies 1st gold record (Perry Como’s Catch A Falling Star)

1960 - Wilt Chamberlain (Phila) sets NBA playoff record of 53 points

1971 - Rolling Stones left England for France to escape taxes

1971 - South Vietnamese troops flee Laos

1976 - Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 7,000th race

1980 - Polish airliner crash kills all 87 aboard (22 are US amateur boxers)

1983 - OPEC cut oil prices for 1st time in 23 years

1984 - Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast.

1985 - Michael Secrest (US) completes 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards

1986 - European Space Agency’s Giotto flies by Halley’s Comet (605 km)

1987 - Skier Piotr Fijas jumps record 194m

1990 - Mikhail S Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress

1991 - Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kurt Browning (CAN)

1992 - Farm Aid V

1992 - Soviet newspaper “Pravda” suspends publication

1993 - Johan Koss skates world record 5km (6:36.57)

1993 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Prague won by Oksana Baiul (UKR)

1994 - Mexican banker/billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu kidnapped

1994 - Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released.

1995 - 1st time 13 people in space

2003 - Start of weekend of protests against war in Iraq that are attended by millions

2005 - Cedar Revolution, where over one and a half million Lebanese went into the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

Births

1623 - Adam-Nicolas Gascon, composer

1638 - Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710)

1692 - Peter Musschenbroek, Dutch physician/physicist (Leyden jar)

1782 - Thomas Hart Benton, (rep), “Old Bullion

1800 - James Bogardus, US inventor/builder (made cast-iron buildings)

1808 - Catharinus Putnam Buckingham, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1816 - Montgomery Dent Corse, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

1823 - Roswell Sabine Ripley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887

1833 - John Sappington Marmaduke, Major General (Confederate Army)

1833 - Lucy Hobbs Taylor, 1st US woman dentist (1866)

1835 - Giovanni V Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (Mars) [or March 4]

1854 - Paul Ehrlich, Germany, bacteriologist (Nobel-1908)

1864 - [JohnCasey JonesRR engineer (Ballad of Casey Jones)

1874 - Anton F Philips, president-director of Philips

1879 - Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate (theory of relativity)

1882 - Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)

1884 - Albert Egges van Giffen, Dutch archaeologist

1885 - Raoul Lufbery, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)

1894 - Osa Johnson, American explorer (d. 1953)

1903 - Molla Mustafa Barzani, Iran, Kurd leader (KDP)

1908 - Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; d. 1991)

1912 - Les Brown, Reinerton Pa, orchestra leader (& his band of renown)

1914 - Henry Ralph Carr, soldier

1914 - Lee PettyAmerican racecar driver (d. 2000)

1916 - Horton Foote, American author, playwright and screenwriter

1920 - Dorothy Tyler-Odam, Great Britain, high jumper (Oly-silver-36, 48)

1920 - Hank Ketcham, cartoonist (Dennis the Menace)

1921 - Lis Hartel, Denmark, equestrian dressage (Olympic-silver-1952, 56)

1921 - S. Truett Cathy, founder of Chick-fil-A

1923 - Diane Arbus, photographer/innovator

1927 - Bill Rexford, auto racer

1928 - Frank Borman, Gary Ind, astronaut (Gem 7, Ap 8)/CEO (Eastern Airline)

1929 - Thomas Bell Jr, race horse trainer

1933 - Michael Caine, [Maurice J Micklewhite], Londonactor (Alfie)

1933 - Quincy Jones Jr, Chicago Ill, composer/singer (We Are The World)

1934 - Eugene A Cernan, Chicago, Capt USN/astronaut (Gemini 9, Apollo 10 17)

1934 - Shirley Scott, swing/blues organist (with Stanley Turrentine)

1940 - Rita Tushingham, Liverpool England, actress (Green Eyes, Dr Zhivago)

1941 - Wolfgang Petersen, Emden Germany, actor (Shattered, Enemy Mine)

1942 - Jerry Jeff WalkerOneonta NYcountry singer (Mr Bojangles)

VIDEOS

1945 - Michael Martin Murphy, Dallas Tx, country singer (Wildfire)

1945 - Walt Parazaider, Chicago Ill, rock saxophonist (Chicago)

1946 - Wes Unseld, NBA all-star (Baltimore Bullets, MVP 1969)

1947 - Billy Crystal, Long Beach NY, comedian (Soap, Saturday Night Live, City Slickers)

1949 - Michael Stedman, British World War I Historian and Author

1951 - Rick Dees, radio disc jock (KIIS LA)

1951 - Jerry Greenfield, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream

1952 - J Fred Muggs, chimp (Today show)

1953 - Tim McKee, US, 400m medley swimmer (Olympic-silver-1972)

1954 - Adrian Zmed, Chicago Ill, actor (TJ Hooker, Dance Fever)

1954 - David La Croix, race horse trainer

1955 - Boon Gould, rock guitarist (Level 42-Hot Water)

1956 - Natalya Dmitriyevna Kuleshova, Russia, cosmonaut

1956 - Tessa Sanderson, Kingston Jamaica, Brit javelin thrower (Oly-gold-84)

1958 - Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre, Prince of Monaco/bobsledder (Oly-1988)

1960 - George Horvath, Sweden, pentathlete (Olympic-1980)

1961 - Gary Dell’Abate, producer (Howard Stern Show)

1961 - Greg Anderson, American NHRA driver

1963 - Pedro Duque, Madrid Spain, engineer/astronaut (STS 78 alt, sk:95)

1965 - Kiana Tom, American fitness guru and model

1965 - Kevin Williamson, American screenwriter

1969 - Laura Leighton, actress (Sydney-Melrose Place, Other Woman)

1977 - Aki Hoshino, Japanese model

1983 - Jordan Taylor Hanson, Tulsa OK, singer (Hansons-MMMMbop)

Deaths

840 - Eginhard, French nobleman/biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), dies at 69

968 - Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen (c. 895)

1272 - Re Enzo, Italian poet/son of Emp Frederik II von Hohenstaufen, dies

1298 - Petrus Johannis Olivi, South France theologist, dies

1457 - Jingtai Emperor of China (b. 1428)

1559 - Jacques d’Auchy, Walloon baptist merchant, executed

1573 - Claude II, of Lotharingen, duke of Aumale/murdered adm Coligny, dies

1590 - Philip van Egmont, general/prince of Gavere, dies in battle at Ivry at 30

1648 - Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (b. 1584)

1748 - George Wade, British military leader (b. 1673)

1757 - John ByngEnglish Admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca

1805 - Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, Russian general (b. 1753)

1823 - Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)

1883 - Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

1925 - Walter Camp, father of American football, dies at 65

1932 - George Eastman, US industrialist (Kodak-camera), suicide at 77

1933 - Balto, husky dog who brought back the antitoxin in 1925

1949 - John Callan O’Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)

1973 - Murat B “Chic” Young, US comic strip artist (Blondie), dies at 72

1975 - Susan Hayward, actress (Young & Willing), dies at 56

1986 - Marlin PerkinsTV host (Wild Kingdomat 80

1991 - Jerome “Doc” Pomus, lyricist (Save Last Dance for Me), dies at 65

1991 - Margery Sharp, children’s author (b. 1905)

1992 - C V Wood Jr, theme park developer (Disneyland), dies of cancer at 71

1992 - Steven Brian Pennell, 1st execution in Delaware in 45 years at 34

1995 - Johan W “Jo” van Marle, CEO (KNVB, 1980-93), dies at 70

1995 - William A Fowler, US nuclear/astro physicist (Nobel 1983), dies at 83

1996 - Vic Marshall, chemist, dies at 74

1997 - Fred Zinnemann (director), dies of heart attack at 89

1997 - John Curtis Jr, pres/CEO (Luby’s Cafe), commits suicide at 58

2006 - Ann Calvello, Roller Derby Queen (b. 1929)

2008 - Anthony Minghella, English Oscar winning film director (b. 1954)

2009 - Altovise Davis, American entertainer, best known as Sammy Davis, Jr.’s third wife. (b. 1943)

2010 - Peter Graves [Aurness], American actor (b. 1926)

Today In The Past

Events

483 - St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

607 - 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1138 - German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned

1519 - Cortez lands in Mexico

1567 - Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger

1569 - Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots

1591 - Battle at Tondibi: Moroccans army under Judar beats sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai

1677 - Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000

1781 - Sir William Herschel sees “comet” (really discovered Uranus)

1852 - Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly

1865 - Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers

1865 - US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service

1868 - Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson’s impeachment trial

 

 

 

1884 - Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins

 

 

 

 

 

1887 - Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs

1888 - Great Blizzard of 1888 rages

1894 - J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate

1897 - San Diego State University is founded.

1900 - British troops occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State

1900 - In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.

1913 - Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

1915 - Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit

1921 - Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China

1925 - Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution

1930 - Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory

1933 - Banks reopen

1933 - Josef Goebbels becomes German minister of Information & Propaganda

1935 - Driving tests introduced in Great Britain

1943 - Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

1949 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman

1949 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1950 - General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record)

1951 - Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany

1954 - Braves’ Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron

 

 

 

1954 - Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on Dien Bien Phu

 

 

 

 

 

1957 - Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba

1961 - Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

1961 - Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender

1962 - Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty

1963 - 2 Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska

1965 - Jeff Beck replaces Eric Clapton of the Yardbirds

1967 - Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death

1969 - Apollo 9 returns to Earth

1970 - Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer

1980 - Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:13.60)

1980 - Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto

1981 - Attempt on Pope John Paul II by Mehemet Ali Agca

1982 - Ice Dance Championship at Copenhagen won by Torvill & Dean (GRB)

1982 - Ice Pairs Championship at Copenhagen won by Baess & Thierbach (GDR)

1982 - Men’s Fig Skating Champions in Copenhagen won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

1982 - Worlds Ladies Fig Skate Champs in Copenhagen won by Elaine Zayak (USA)

1982 - Elaine Zayak, lands 6 triple jumps to win world skating championship

1985 - Michael Secrest (US) begins 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards

1986 - Microsoft has its Initial public offering.

1987 - John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering

1989 - 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown

1991 - Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines & cleanup of Valdez oil spill

1992 - FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12)

1992 - Martina Navratilova & Judy Nelson settle their galamony suit

1993 - Blizzard of ’93 hits north-east US

1996 - Dunblane massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by a spree killer who then commits suicide.

1997 - The Phoenix lights were seen over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television. They are now a hotly debated controversy.

2003 - Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.

2005 - Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.

2008 - Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.

2012 - Encyclopedia Britannica announces that it will no longer publish printed versions of its encyclopedia

 

 

Births

1372 - Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)

1548 - Sasbout Vosmeer, Dutch Catholic theologist/apostole

1683 - John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)

1696 - Louis F A D Duke de Richelieu, French marshal

1719 - John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)

1720 - Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)

1733 - Joseph Priestly, England, clergyman/scientist (discovered oxygen)

1764 - Charles Earl Grey, (Whig), British PM (1830-34)

1770 - Daniel Lambert, England, giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death)

1818 - Albion Parris Howe, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897

1820 - Louis Herbert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

 

 

 

1855 - Percival “Percy” LowellUS astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto)

 

 

 

 

 

1886 - John “Home Run” Baker, hall of famer (hit 2 HR in 1911 world series)

1904 - Henry Iliffe Cozens, pilot

1908 - Walter Annenberg, Milwaukee, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide)/Amb to GB

1911 - L[aFayette] Ron Hubbard, sci-fi writer/scientologist (Dianetics)

1912 - James Friell, political cartoonist

1913 - Sammy Kaye, saxophonist (Swing & Sway with Sammy Kaye)

1913 - William J Casey, headed CIA during Iran-contra scandal (1981-87)

 

 

 

1914 - Edward O’HareAmerican pilot (d. 1943)

 

 

 

 

 

1921 - Allan Jaffee, comic strip cartoonist/illustrator (MAD Magazine)

1923 - William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)

1925 - Roy Haynes, US jazz drummer (Trio Music with Chick Corea)

1926 - Raul Alfonsín, Argentine pres (1983-89) (or 3/12/1927)

1929 - Peter Breck, Rochester NY, actor (Black Saddle, Big Valley, Benji), (d. 2012)

1929 - Walter Medio, race horse trainer

1933 - Mike Stoller, composer (Lieber & Stoller-Hound Dog, Charlie Brown)

1935 - Michael Walzer, American philosopher

1936 - Clarence Nash, animation voice (Donald Duck)

1938 - Joseph Bellino, footballer (1960 Heisman Trophy)

1939 - Neil Sedaka, Bkln NY, singer/songwriter (Breaking Up is Hard to Do)

1942 - Dave Cutler, American software engineer

1945 - Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician

1946 - Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier (d. 1976)

1949 - Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (d. 1974)

1950 - Joe Bugner, Hungarian/British/Australian boxer (European Champ 1971)

1950 - William H Macy, Miami FL, actor (Homicide, Water Engine)

1950 - Charles Krauthammer, American political commentator

1951 - Fred Berry, St Louis Mo, actor (Rerun-What’s Happening)

1953 - Deborah Raffin, LA California, actress (Ransom, Demon, 40 Carats)

1954 - Robin Duke, Toronto Canada, comedienne (SNL, SCTV, Club Paradise)

1955 - Glenne Headly, New London CT, actress (Dick Tracy, Making Mr Right)

1955 - Olga Rukavishnikova, USSR, pentathlete (Olympic-silver-1980)

1956 - Dana Delany, NYC, actress (Colleen McMurphy-China Beach, Exit to Eden)

1958 - Debi Nicolle Johnson, Torrance California, playmate (October, 1984)

1959 - Kathy Hilton, socialite-Hilton Hotels, mother of Nikki Hilton and Paris Hilton

1960 - Adam Clayton, Oxfordshire, rock bassist (U2-I Will Follow)

1967 - Colleen Rosensteel, S Greensburg PA, heavyweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1971 - Annabeth Gish, American actress

1971 - Robert Lanham, American author and satirist

1974 - Corinna Broiz, Garberville Colo, lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1974 - Thomas Enqvist, Stockholm Sweden, tennis star (1991 Wimbledon jr boys)

1977 - Ed Sloan, American musician (Crossfade)

1978 - Tom Danielson, American cyclist

1978 - Karina Smirnoff, Ukrainian dancer

1987 - Marco Andretti, American racecar driver (grandson of Mario Andretti)

 

 

Deaths

1202 - Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies

1271 - Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)

1395 - John Barbour, Scottish poet

1516 - Vladislav II Jagiello, king of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60

1558 - Jean Fernel, French physician/physiologist, dies

1619 - Richard Burbage, English actor (Shakespeare), dies

1773 - Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)

1803 - William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)

 

 

 

1842 - Henry ShrapnelBritish soldier and inventor (b. 1761)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1879 - Adolf Anderssen, German world champ chess (1851..66), dies at 60

1881 - Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62

1884 - Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)

1901 - Benjamin Harrison, 23rd pres (1889-1893), dies in Indianapolis at 67

1906 - Susan Brownell Anthony, American suffragist, dies at 85

1911 - Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80

 

 

 

1911 - John J. ToffeyAmerican Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)

 

TOFFEY, JOHN J. Photo

 

 

 

 

1938 - Clarence S Darrow, Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at 80

1938 - Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)

1941 - A Coenradi, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1941 - Bernard Ijzerdraat, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1941 - E Hellendoorn, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1941 - Isaak E Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46

1941 - J Eyl, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1943 - Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)

1949 - Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)

1963 - Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)

 

 

 

1964 - Kitty Genovesestabbed to death in Queens40 neighbors looked on

 

 

 

 

 

1965 - Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)

1971 - Rockwell Kens, US artist/painter/illustrator, dies at 88

1972 - Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)

1977 - Fanie Lou Hamer, freedom fighter, dies

1977 - Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison

1982 - Wilfred Hawker, Suriname sgt-major, executed

1983 - Louison Bobet, French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55), dies at 58

1986 - Alvaro Fayad Delgado, Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies

1990 - Bruno Bettelhelm, Austrian/US psychoanalyst, commits suicide at 86

1991 - Jimmy McPartland, US, jazz cornetist, dies

1993 - Ralph Smith Fults, US gangster (Bonnie & Clyde gang), dies at 82

1994 - Danny Barker, US banjo player/guitarist (Bourbon St Black), dies at 85

1994 - Edward James “Murt” O’Donoghue, snooker player

1995 - Leon Day, pitcher (Negro Leagues), dies of heart failure at 78

1998 - Hans von Ohain, German engineer (b. 1911)

1999 - Lee Falk, American cartoonist (b. 1911)

1999 - Garson Kanin, American writer and director (b. 1912)

2006 - Maureen Stapleton, American actress (b. 1925)

2006 - Robert C. Baker, Inventor of the chicken nugget (b. 1921)

2010 - He Pingping, the world’s shortest man who was able to walk. (b. 1988)

2011 - Owsley Stanley, Sound Engineer for The Grateful Dead and renowned LSD manufacturer (b. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.

1000 - Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, replacing Victor III

1054 - Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome

1144 - Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II

1350 - Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples

1365 - University of Vienna founded

1496 - Jews are expelled from Syria

1597 - England routes troops to Amiens

1609 - Bermuda becomes an English colony

1619 - Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia

1737 - Galileo’s body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy

1755 - 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine

1849 - 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif

1850 - 1st US $20 gold piece issued

1868 - Congress abolishes manufacturer’s tax

1868 - Henry O’Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.

1884 - Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women

1888 - 2nd day of the Great blizzard of ’88 in NE US (400 die)

1894 - In Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.

1904 - Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund

1912 - Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

1912 - Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC

1916 - French airship sinks British submarine D3

1930 - Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax

1933 - FDR conducts his 1st “fireside chat”

1935 - England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages

1938 - Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)

1940 - Finland surrenders to Russia during WW II, gives Karelische Isthmus

1945 - NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment

1947 - Pres Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

1956 - Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)

1964 - Jimmy Hoffa sentenced to 8 years

1964 - Malcolm X resigns from Nation of Islam

1967 - Austria’s Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet

1974 - Bundy victim Donna Manson disappears, Evergreen SC, Olympia, Wash

1980 - Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago

1982 - PLO chief Yassar Arafat appears on “Nightline”

1984 - British ice dancing team, Torvill & Dean, become 1st skaters to receive 9 perfect 6.0s in world championships

1986 - 210.25 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

 

 

 

1986 - Susan Butcher wins 1,158 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race

 

 

 

 

 

1989 - Madagascar AREMA party wins parliamentary election

1992 - Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

1993 - 317 killed by bomb attacks in Bombay

1995 - Men’s Figure Skating Champions in Birmingham won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)

1995 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Birmingham won by Chen Lu (CHN)

2003 - Elizabeth Smart, was found after having been missing for 9 months.

2011 - A reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant melts and explodes and releases radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after Japan’s earthquake.

2012 - 45 people, including children, are massacred by the Syrian Army in Homs

2012 - China records its highest trade deficit in over a decade

 

 

 

Births

1270 - Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (d. 1325)

1336 - Eduard, Duke of Gelre (1361-71) husband of Catharina of Bayern

1479 - Giuliano de’ Medici, monarch of Florence

1515 - Caspar Othmayr, composer

1613 - André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)

1637 - Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)

1647 - Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)

1685 - George Berkeley, Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne

1781 - Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)

1808 - Gerrit van der Linde Jz, “Schoolmaster”, Dutch poet

1816 - David Stuart, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1818 - John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), died in 1897

1823 - William Flank Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

1824 - Gustav R Kirchoff, Prussia, physicist (spectral analysis)

1827 - John Robert Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

1827 - William Richard Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897

1830 - William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870

1831 - Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)

1835 - Simon Newcomb, US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer

1838 - William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)

1863 - Gabriele D’Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (Intruder)

1863 - Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)

1864 - W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)

1880 - Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)

1881 - Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)

1890 - William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)

1891 - Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist

1891 - George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)

1895 - William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)

 

 

 

1896 - Jesse “Lone Cat” FullerSan Francisco Blues Great

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1907 - Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)

1918 - Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)

1921 - Giovanni Agnelli, CEO (Fiat Automakers)

1921 - Gordon MacRae, East Orange NJ, singer/actor (Oklahoma, Carousel)

1922 - Jack Kerouac, Beat writer (On the Road, Mexico Blues)

1923 - Hjalmar Andersen, Norway, 1500, 5K, 10K speed skater (Oly-gold-1952)

1923 - Walter M Schirra Jr, Hackensack NJ, Capt USN/ast (Mer 8, Gem 6, Ap 7)

1925 - Harry [Maxwell] Harrison, UK, sci-fi author (Deathworld Trilogy), (d. 2012)

1925 - Leo Esaki, [Esaki Reona], Japan, physicist (Tunnel effect-Nobel 1973)

1926 - Freddie Williams, Port Talbot, Wales, motorcycle speedway rider (world champion, 1950, 1952), (d. 2013)

1927 - Raul Alfonsin, president (Argentina)

1928 - Edward Albee, Washington, DC, playwright (Virgina Woolfe, Zoo Story)

1929 - Bernard Costello, US, double sculls (Olympic-silver-1956)

1930 - Scoey Mitchill, Newburgh NY, comedian (Barefoot in the Park, Rhoda)

 

 

 

1931 - William “Buckwheat” Thomasactor (Little Rascals)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1931 - Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder

1932 - Andrew Young, US ambassador to UN (1977-79)/(Mayor-D-Atlanta)

1938 - Johnny Rutherford, auto racer (26 championship races)

1939 - Barbara Feldon, Pitts Pa, actress (Agent 99-Get Smart)

1940 - Al Jarreau, Milwaukee WI, jazz singer (Moonlighting)

1942 - Jimmy Wynn, American baseball player, 1963-1977

1945 - Sammy “The Bull” Gravano, American gangster

1946 - Liza Minnelli, Hollywood CA, singer/actress (Sterile Cuckoo, Cabaret)

1947 - Mitt Romney, 70th Governor of Massachusetts

1948 - James Taylor, Boston MA, vocalist/guitarist (Up on the Roof)

1949 - Bill Payne, Waco TX, rock keyboardist (Little Feat-Time Loves a Hero)

1951 - Caren Kaye, NYC, actress (My Tutor, Bambi-Blansky’s Beauties)

1953 - Labamba, [Richard Rosenberg], rocker (Asbury Jukes)

 

 

 

1953 - Carl HiaasenAmerican journalist and author

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 - Marlon D Jackson, Gary IN, singer (Jackson 5-Maybe Tomorrow)

1957 - Steve Harris, London, hard rock bassist (Iron Maiden-Gypsy’s Kiss)

1960 - Courtney B Vance, Detroit MI, actor (Hamburger Hill)

1962 - Darryl Strawberry, LA California, baseball right fielder (Mets, Dodgers, Yankees)

1962 - Gunde Svan, Swedish long jumper (Olympics-gold-1984, 88)

1963 - Candy Costie, Seattle Wash, synchronized swimmer (Olympic-gold-1984)

1963 - Joaquim Carvalho Cruz, Brazil, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1963 - John Andretti, race car driver

1966 - Erich Fischer, Dinuba CA, US Olympic water polo foward (Olympic-92)

1969 - Jake Tapper, American journalist

1970 - John Nemechek, American NASCAR driver (d. 1997)

1975 - Herman Li, Cantonese guitarist

1978 - Cristina Teuscher, New Rochelle NY, 4X200m freestyle (Olymp-gold-96)

1978 - Casey Mears, American auto racer

1985 - Tosh Townend, American skateboarder

 

 

Deaths

417 - Innocent I, Italian Pope (401-417), dies

604 - Gregory I the Great, Pope (590-604), dies at 64

1209 - Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami, Persian poet, dies

1374 - Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (b. 1336)

1496 - Johannes de Lapide, [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies

 

 

 

1507 - Cesare Borgiacardinal/soldier/politiciankilled in battle at 31

 

 

 

 

 

1563 - John Bull, composer of British natl anthem (God Save The King), dies

1608 - Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1530)

1681 - French van Mieris, the Elder, Dutch genre painter, dies at 45

1790 - Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)

1834 - Karl W Feuerbach, mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33

1889 - Yohannes IV, [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle

1909 - Joe Petrosino, NYPD lieutenant (b. 1860)

1914 - George Westinghouse, US engineer (Westinghouse Electric), dies at 67

1924 - Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet, inventor (rayon), dies

1925 - Sun Yat-Sen, Chinese revolutionary president, dies at 58

1930 - William George Barker, Canadian fighter ace (b. 1894)

1932 - Ivar Kreuger, “Swedish Match King” industrialist, commits suicide

1942 - Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)

1945 - Anne Frank, diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp

 

 

 

1955 - Charlie “Bird” ParkerUS jazz saxophonistdies at 34 in NYC

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1957 - Josephine Hull, actress (Harvey), dies at 71

1958 - Ingeborg, Princess of Sweden, dies at 79

1961 - Belinda Lee, actress (Joseph & his Brethren), dies in car crash at 25

1966 - Estelita Rodriguez, actor (Golden Stallion, Susanna Pass), dies at 37

1974 - Billy Fox, Protestant Dublin MP, assassinated

1978 - John Cazale, actor (Dog Day Afternoon, Deer Hunter), dies at 41

1980 - Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1914)

1985 - Eugene Ormandy [Blau], Hungarian/US conductor, dies at 85

1991 - Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)

1992 - Hans G Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking), dies at 70

1993 - Michael Kanin, screenwriter (Woman of the Year), dies at 83

1996 - Charles Bruce Perry, professor of medicine, dies at 92

1998 - Judge Dread, English musician (b. 1945)

1999 - Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (b. 1916)

2001 - Morton Downey, Jr., American television talk show host (b. 1933)

 

 

 

2001 - Robert LudlumAmerican author (b. 1927)

 

 

 

 

 

2003 - Howard Fast, American author (b. 1914)

2003 - Andrei Kivilev, Kazakh cyclist (b. 1973)

2006 - Victor Sokolov, Russian dissident journalist and priest (b. 1947)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1425 BC - Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).

417 - Zosimus becomes bishop of Rome

537 - Goths lay siege to Rome

843 - Icon worship officially re-instated in Aya Sofia Constantinople

928 - Trpimir II succeeds to the Croatian throne.

 

 

 

1387 - The Battle of Castagnaro begins.

 

 

 

 

 

1513 - Giovanni de’ Medici chosen Pope Leo X

1563 - League of High Nobles routes 2nd protest against King Philip II

1665 - NY approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights

1669 - Volcano Etna in Italy erupts killing 15,000

1779 - US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)

1789 - Benjamin Banneker with L’Enfant begin to lay out Washington DC

1791 - Samuel Mulliken, Phila, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent

1795 - Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols

1823 - 1st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vt

1824 - US War Dept creates the Bureau of Indian Affair

1845 - The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

1862 - Lincoln removes McClellen as general-in-chief & makes him head of Army of the Potomac

1862 - 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia . Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief

1864 - Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee

1864 - The Great Sheffield Flood: The largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.

1865 - Gen Sherman’s Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC

1867 - Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano)

1872 - Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.

1882 - Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton NJ

1888 - Great blizzard of ’88 strikes NE US

1892 - 1st public basketball game (Springfield, Mass)

 

 

 

1895 - Spanish cruiser Reina Regenta sinks at Gibraltar400 killed

 

 

 

 

 

1897 - A meteorite enters the earth’s atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.

1917 - British troops occupy Baghdad

1917 - World War I: Baghdad falls to the Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Stanley Maude.

1918 - Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia

1918 - Save the Redwoods League founded

 

 

 

1927 - 1st armored car hold-up in USPittsburgh

 

 

 

 

 

1927 - 1st golden gloves tournament

1930 - Pres & Chief Justice William Taft buried in Arlington

1935 - Bank of Canada opens

1935 - Hermann Goering officially creates German Air Force, the Luftwaffe

1936 - British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin pardons five convicted Irish militants who promise to join growing conflict with Germany.

1941 - Bronko Nagurski beats Ray Steele in Minn, to become wrestling champ

1941 - FDR signs Lend-Lease Bill (lend money to Britain)

1942 - 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschewitz Concentration Camp

1942 - Gen MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

1945 - 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs

1945 - Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death

1948 - 1st black in the US Tennis Open (Reginald Weir)

 

 

 

1953 - American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb on South Carolinathe bomb doesn’t go off due to 6 safety catches

 

 

 

 

 

1960 - Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus

1966 - Military coup led by Indonesian Gen Suharto breaks out

1966 - A fire at two ski resorts in Numata, Japan kills 31 people.

1967 - Pink Floyd releases their 1st single (Arnold Layne)

1968 - Otis Redding posthumously receives gold record for ” Dock of the Bay”

1970 - Iraq Ba’th Party recognizes Kurd nation

1974 - Mount Etna in Sicily erupted

1974 - Rhino Store gives people 5 cents to take home Danny Bonaduce’s Album

1977 - Moslems hold 130 hostages in Wash DC

1978 - Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, 45 killed

1982 - Menachem Begin & Anwar Sadat sign peace treaty in Wash DC

1983 - Ice Dance Championship at Helsinki Finland won by Torvill & Dean (GRB)

1983 - Ice Pairs Championship at Helsinki won by Valova & Vasiliev (URS)

1983 - Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Helsinki won by Rosalynn Sumners (USA)

1983 - Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

1986 - 1 million days since traditional foundation of Rome, 4/21/753 BC

1986 - 187.27 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

1986 - Islander Mike Bossy, 1st NHLer to score 50 goals in 9 straight seasons

1986 - Japanese probe Sakigake flies by Halley’s Comet at 6.8 million km

1986 - NFL adopts instant replay rule

1987 - Wayne Gretzky scores 1,500th NHL point

1991 - Janet Jackson signs $40M 3 album deal with Virgin records

1991 - Monica Seles ends Steffi Graf’s streak of 186 weeks ranked as #1

1993 - Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Prague won by Kurt Browning CAN

1995 - -36.8°F (-38.2°C) in Chosedachar, Komi-district, on 67°N

1995 - Sinn Fein party leader, Gerry Adams, arrives in US

1996 - John Winston Howard becomes the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. His term in office is the second longest in Australian history, ending on December 3, 2007.

1997 - Ashes of Star Trek creator, Gene Roddenberry are launched into space

2004 - Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid’s rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190

2009 - Winnenden school shooting – 17 people are killed at a school in Germany.

2011 - An earthquake measuring 9.0 in magnitude strikes 130 km (80 miles) east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami killing thousands of people. This event also triggered the second largest nuclear accident in history, and one of only two events to be classified as a Level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale.

2012 - US soldier kills 16 civilians in Afghanistan

 

 

 

Births

1544 - Torquato Tasso, Italy, Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia)

1549 - Henric/Hendrik Spieghel, Dutch Renaissance writer and poet (Hertspiegel)

1596 - Isaac Elsevier, book publisher

 

 

 

1731 - Robert Treat Painejudgesigner (Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

 

1738 - Benjamin Tupper, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (d. 1792)

1785 - John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1861)

1787 - Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (d. 1852)

1811 - Marsena Rudolph Patrick, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1811 - Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier, co-discoverer (Neptune)

1812 - James Speed, Atty Gen (Union), died in 1887

1818 - John Wilkins Whitfield, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879

1822 - Allison Nelson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1832 - William Ruffin Cox, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919

1840 - Edmund Kirby Jr, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

1860 - Thomas Hastings, NYC, architect (NY Public Library)

1879 - Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph tests)

1880 - Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)

1885 - Malcolm Campbell, 1st auto racer to travel 5 miles/min (8 km/min)

1887 - Raoul Walsh, American film director (Thief of Baghdad, Battle Cry), (d. 1980)

1890 - Vannevar Bush, developed 1st electronic analogue computer

1892 - Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II)

 

 

 

1903 - Lawrence WelkStrasburg NDorchestra leader (Lawrence Welk Show)

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1904 - Cornelis Jan Bakker, Dutch/US nuclear physicist

1907 - Helmuth J von Moltke, German politician (July 20th plot)

1911 - Fitzroy Maclean, British diplomat soldier politician/historian

1913 - Thomas Gray, professor/anaesthetist

 

 

 

1915J. C. R. Licklider, American computer scientist and Internet pioneer (d. 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

1916 - [James] Harold Wilson, (L) British PM (1964-70, 1974-76)

1919 - Mercer Ellington, son of Duke Ellington/bandleader

1920 - Henry Marking, CEO (British Airways)

1921 - F[rancis] M[arion] Busby Jr, US, sci-fi author (Star Rebel)

1921 - Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)

1923 - A Louise Brough Clapp, Oklahoma, tennis player (4 time Wimbledon champ)

1926 - Patricia Tindaole, England, architect

1926 - Ralph Abernathy, civil rights leader (Southern Christian Leadership)

1928 - Albert Salmi, Bkln NY, actor (Daniel Boone, 79 Park Avenue)

1928 - Peter Roger Hunt, London England, director (Dr No)

1929 - Erskine Childers, unofficial/civil servant

1929 - Francisco Bernardo Pulgar Vidal, composer

1929 - Jackie McGlew, cricketer (dour South African opening bat of the 50′)

1929 - Timothy Carey, American actor (d. 1994)

1930 - David Gentleman, designer/painter

1931 - Peter Walters, CEO (Midland Bank)

1931 - Rupert Murdoch, Australia, publisher (NY Post)/CEO (FOX-TV)

1934 - Sam Donaldson, El Paso Tx, ABC White House correspondent (Prime Time)

1945 - Harvey Mandel, rock guitarist (Drei Amerikanische LP’s)

1945 - Dock Ellis, American baseball player

1947 - Dominique Sanda, [Varaigne], Paris France, actress (1900, First Love)

1947 - Mark Stein, singer/organist/keyboardist (Vanilla Fudge)

1948 - George Kooymans, Dutch guitarist/singer (Golden Earring)

1950 - Bobby McFerrin, singer (Don’t Worry Be Happy-Grammy 1989)

 

 

 

1950 - Jerry ZuckerMilwaukee WIdirector (AirplaneNaked Gun)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1952 - Douglas Adams, England, author (Hitchiker’s Guide to the Galaxy)

1952 - Susan Richardson, Coatesville Pa, actress (Susan-8 is Enough)

1955 - Nina Hagen, East Berlin German DR, actress (Blue Angel)

1956 - Curtis L Brown Jr, NC, astronaut (STS 47, STS 66, 77, 85, sk:95)

1957 - Elena Donaldson-Akhmilovskaya, Leningrad, Soviet Union, Chess Grandmaster, (d. 2012)

1961 - Elias Koteas, Canadian actor

1965 - Jesse Jackson, Jr., American politician

1969 - Soraya, Colombian-American singer (d. 2006)

1971 - Johnny Knoxville, American television personality

1975 - Eric the Midget, American radio personality

1979 - Benji Madden, American guitarist (Good Charlotte)

1979 - Joel Madden, American singer (Good Charlotte)

1981 - Heidi Cortez, American erotic broadcaster

1982 - Thora Birch, Los Angeles, California, American actress (American Beauty, Ghost World)

 

 

Death

222 - Julia Soaemias, mother of Elagabalus (b. 180). Ruler during her son’s minority, murdered by the Praetorian Guard

222 - Elagabalus, Roman Emperor (218-22) murdered by the Praetorian Guard aged 18

638 - Sophronius of Jerusalem, saint/patriarch of Jerusalem, dies

859 - Eulogius of Cordoba, Spanish Bishop and Christian Martyr

1198 - Marie de Champagne, daughter of Louis VII of France (b. 1145)

1486 - Albrecht III Achilles, elector of Brandenburg, dies at 71

1514 - Donato Bramante, Italian architect (b. 1444)

1602 - Emilio de’ Cavalieri, Italian composer

1722 - John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)

1759 - John Forbes, British general (b. 1710)

 

 

 

1820 - Benjamin WestBritish painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81

 

 

 

 

The Death Of General Wolfe

 

 

 

 

1863 - Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)

1897 - Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist/evangelist, dies at 45

1898 - William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)

1920 - Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)

1921 - Sherburne W Burnham, US astronomer (binary stars), dies at 83

1937 - Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (b. 1860)

1955 - Alexander Fleming, English bacteriologist (penicillin), dies at 73

1955 - Oscar Mayer, Bavarian-born American meat packer (b. 1859)

1957 - Richard E Byrd, US, explorer (Antarctica), dies at 68

1958 - Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor of Legos (b. 1891)

1970 - Erle Stanley Gardner, US writer (Perry Mason), dies at 80

1971 - Philo T Farnsworth, US TV pioneer, dies at 64

1972 - Fredric [William] Brown, sci-fi author (Martians Go Home), dies at 65
son, composer, dies at 59

1975 - Sammy Spear, orchestra leader (Dom Deluise Show), dies at 65

1977 - Alberto Rodriguez Larreta, Argentine racing driver (b. 1934)

1977 - Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist (b. 1893)

1982 - Edmund Cooper, British sci-fi writer (Tomorrow Came), dies at 55

 

 

 

1986 - Sonny TerryAmerican blues musician (b. 1911)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1987 - [Wayne] Woody Hayes, football coach (Ohio State), dies at 74

1989 - James Kee, American politician (b. 1917)

1989 - John J. McCloy, United States Secretary of War (b. 1895)

1992 - Richard Brooks, director (Blackboard Jungle, Key Largo), dies at 79

1993 - Dino Bravo, wrestler (WWF), shot to death at 44

1996 - Vince Edwards, actor (Ben Casey), dies of cancer at 67

2002 - James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)

2006 - Slobodan Milošević, President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia (b. 1941)

2007 - Betty Hutton, American actress and singer (b. 1921)

2010 - Merlin Olsen, American football player / Actor (b. 1940)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

241 BC - First Punic WarBattle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.

 

 

 

 

 

418 - Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire

1535 - Bishop Tomés de Berlanga discovers Galapagos Islands

1578 - Queen Elizabeth I gives Johan Casimir £20,000 to aid Dutch rebellion

1624 - England declares war on Spain

1629 - King Charles I dissolved Parliament; he called it back 11 years later

1661 - French King Louis XIV ends office of premier

1681 - English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania

1789 - Franklin College founded

1791 - John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver

1801 - First census in Great Britain

1831 - The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.

1849 - Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent; only US president to do so

1862 - US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)

1864 - Grant is named commander of the Union armies

1864 - Red River campaign LA

1865 - Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads, NC

1874 - Purdue University (Indiana) admits it’s 1st student

1876 - 1st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)

1888 - HW Boxing champ John L Sullivan draws Charlie Mitchell in 30 rounds

1891 - Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.

1893 - New Mexico State University cancels it’s 1st graduation ceremony, its only graduate Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before

 

 

 

1900 - Battle at DriefonteinSouth-Africa (Boers vs British army)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1902 - A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera.

1903 - Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine

1905 - Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)

 

 

 

1906 - Coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres France

 

 

 

 

 

1906 - London Underground opens Bakeroo line (Baker Street to Waterloo Line)

 

 

 

1909 - Jack Johnson fights Victor McLaglen to no decision in 6 for box title

 

 

 

 

 

1913 - William Knox, becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300

1915 - British expedition Army in Belgium captures Neuve Chapelle

1926 - Run on Belgian banks

1927 - Albania mobilize by threat of Serbian, Croatian & Slovenes

1927 - Bavaria lifts ban on Hitler’s speeches

1933 - Nevada becomes 1st US state to regulate narcotics

1944 - U-575 sinks HMS Asphodel

1945 - Patton’s 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge’s 1st Army

1945 - Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombing

1945 - US troops lands on Mindanao

1945 - The Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting firestorm kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians.

1948 - 1st civilian to exceed speed of sound-Herb H Hoover, Edwards AFB Ca

1952 - Military coup by general Fulgencio Batista in Cuba

1956 - Peter Twiss sets new world air record 1,132 mph (1,823 kph)

1957 - Thousands of soccer fans riot in Italy

1959 - Uprising against Chinese occupation force in Lhasa Tibet

1963 - Pete Rose debuts with hits in his 2 1st at bats in spring training

1963 - Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 70 points vs Syracuse

1964 - US reconnaissance plane shot down over East Germany

1966 - 5 time Horse of the Year, Kelso, retires

 

 

 

1966 - North Vietnamese capture US Green Beret Camp at A Shau Valley

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1969 - James Earl Ray pleads guilty in murder of Martin Luther King Jr

1972 - Gen Lon Nol becomes pres & prince Sirik Matak premier of Cambodia

1975 - Dog spectacles patented in England

1977 - Rings of Uranus discovered during occulation of SAO

1980 - Willard Scott becomes the weather forcaster on the Today Show

1982 - Pres Reagan proclaims economic sanctions against Libya

1982 - The United States places an embargo on Libyan petroleum imports because of their support of terrorist groups.

1984 - Heavyweight Tim Witherspoon KOs Greg Page

1988 - Avalanche at Swiss Ski resort “Klosters” nearly kills Prince Charles

1988 - NY Islanders celebrate Mike Bossy night

1990 - Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Halifax won by Jill Trenary (USA)

1990 - Mens Figure Skating Championship in Halifax won by Kurt Browning (CAN)

1991 - Marc Girardelli of Luxembourg clinches his 4th slalom World Cup

1991 - Merlene Ottey runs world record 200 m indoor (22.24 sec)

1994 - 1 million Greeks attend Melina Mercouri’s funeral

1995 - Car bomb explodes in Karachi at shite mosque, 17+ killed

1995 - Dow-Jones hits record 4035.64

2000 - The NASDAQ Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom.

2006 - The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.

 

 

Births

1415 - Vasili II of Russia (d. 1462)

1452 - Ferdinand II, the Catholic, King of Aragon/Sicily (expelled Jews)

1503 - Ferdinand I, German emperor (1558-64)

1538 - Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk; executed by Queen Elizabeth (1572)

1628 - Constantine Huygens Jr, Dutch poet/painter/cartoonist

1628 - Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (d. 1694)

1709 - Georg Steller, German naturalist (d. 1746)

1745 - John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1807)

1769 - Joseph Williamson, English philanthropist and tunnel builder (d. 1840)

 

 

 

1809 - William David PorterCommander (Union Navy), died in 1864

 

 

 

 

 

1818 - George Wythe Randolph, Secy War (Confederacy), died in 1867

1824 - Thomas James Churchill, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1905

1832 - William Henry Penrose, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1903

 

 

 

1887 - Toshitsugu TakamatsuGrandmaster of Ninjutsu (d. 1972)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1888 - Barry Fitzgerald, Dublin Ireland, actor (Acad Award-Going My Way)

1892 - Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)

1903 - Bix Biederbecke, rocker

1905 - Richard Haydn, English actor (d. 1985)

1917 - Frank Perconte, American sergeant from Easy Company during WWII.

1918 - Heywood Hale Broun, journalist

1918 - Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot

1923 - Ara Parseghian, football coach (Northwestern, Notre Dame)

1923 - Kenneth “Jethro” Burns, country singer (Homer & Jethro)

1928 - James Earl Ray, assassin (Martin Luther King Jr)

1939 - Irina Press, USSR, 80m hurdles/Pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1960, 64)

 

 

 

1940 - Chuck Norris, [Carlos Ray], OKmartial artist actor (Missing in Action)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 - David Rabe, Dubuque Iowa, playwright (Streamers)

1940 - Dean Torrence, LA Cal, surf music singer (Jan & Dean-Little Old Lady)

1943 - Angelique Pettyjohn, LA California, actress (Body Talk, Star Trek)

1946 - Hiroshi Fushida, Japanese racing driver

1947 - Tom Scholz, rock guitarist/keyboardist (Boston-More Than a Feeling)

1953 - Paul Haggis, Canadian film director

1955 - Bunny DeBarge, Grand Rapids Mich, rocker (Debarge)

1955 - Mark David Chapman, assassin (John Lennon)

1955 - Toshio Suzuki, Japanese racing driver

1957 - Shannon Lee Tweed, St Johns NF, playmate (Nov 1981)/actr (Meatballs 3)

1957 - Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant

1958 - Sharon Stone, Meadville Pennsylvania, American actress (Basic Instinct, Sliver, Casino)

1961 - Laurel B Clark, Ames Iowa, Lt cmdr USN/astronaut

1961 - Mitch Gaylord, CA, gymnist (Olympics 1984)/actor (American Anthem)

1963 - Jasmine Guy, Boston Mass, actress (Whitley-Different World)

1963 - Jeff Ament, American musician (Pearl Jam)

1964 - Cynthia Brimhall, Ogden Utah, playmate (Oct, 1985)

1964 - Neneh Cherry, Stockholm Sweden, Swedish pop singer (Money Love)

1966 - Edie Brickell, Mrs Paul Simon/rocker (& New Bohemians)

1969 - Ricky Seagall, rocker (Partridge Family)

1969 - Paget Brewster, American actress

1971 - Steve Arnold, British racing driver

1972 - Matt Kenseth, American race car driver

 

 

 

1973 - Eva HerzigovaLitvinov Czechmodel (Guess JeansWonderbra)

 

 

 

 

 

1973 - John LeCompt, American guitarist

1974 - Hugo Ferreira, American rock musician

1977 - Shannon Miller, Rolla MO, gymnast (Olympian 2 gold-2 silver-3 bronze-92, 96)

1977 - Bree Turner, American dancer and actress

1977 - Matt Rubano, American musician (Taking Back Sunday)

1977 - Robin Thicke, American singer

1982 - Timo Glock, German racing car driver

1983 - Carrie Underwood, American country singer

1983 - Che’Nelle, Malaysian Australian Singer

1984 - Olivia Wilde, American actress

1992 - Emily Osment, American actress and singer

 

 

 

Deaths

37 - Tiberius Claudius Nero, Roman emperor (14-37), dies at 78

483 - Simplicius, Italian Pope (468-83), dies

1291 - Arghun, Persian ruler

1391 - Tvrtko I first king of Bosnia (b. 1338)

1510 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (b. 1445)

1585 - Rembert Dodoens, [Rembertus Dodonaeus], physician/botanist, dies at 67

1597 - Petrus Forestus, Dutch physician (Willem of Orange), dies

1670 - Johann Rudolf Glauber, German chemist (b. 1604)

1776 - Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (b. 1701)

1865 - William Henry “Little Billy” Chase Whiting, Confed gen-maj, dies at 48

1872 - Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Giovane Italy), dies at 66

 

 

 

1913 - Harriet Tubmanabolitionistconductor on Underground RRdies in NY

 

 

 

 

 

1942 - William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)

1948 - Zelda Fitzgerald, American artist, wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (b. 1900)

1953 - Charles Gordon Curtis, inventor of (Curtis-steam turbine), dies at 92

1966 - Frederik “Frits” Zernike, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1953), dies at 77

1973 - Richard Sharples, governor of Bermuda, assassinated

1973 - Eugene ‘Bull’ Connor, American segregationist (b. 1897)

1980 - Herman Tarnower, doctor (Scarsdale Diet), killed by Jean Harris

1986 - Ray Milland, actor (Lost Weekend-Acad Award 1945), dies at 81

1988 - Andy Gibb, singer, dies of heart infection at 30

1988 - Glenn Cunningham, US world record miler, dies at 78

1993 - David Gunn, abortion doctor, killed by Michael Griffin at 47

1994 - Charles Bukowski, German/US writer (Barfly, Hollywood), dies at 73

1996 - Ross Hunter, US producer (Airport, Madame X, Pillow Talk), dies at 75

 

 

 

1997 - La Vern BakerAmerican singer (b. 1929)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1998 - Lloyd Bridges, American actor (b. 1913)

2003 - Barry Sheene, British motorcycle racer (b. 1950)

2004 - Dave Blood, real name David Schulthise; American musician, bassist for The Dead Milkmen (b. 1956)

2005 - Danny Joe Brown, American singer (Molly Hatchet) (b. 1951)

2007 - Richard Jeni, American comedian (b. 1957)

2008 - Richard Fran Biegenwald, an American serial killer (b. 1940)

2010 - Corey Haim, Canadian actor (b. 1971)

2012 - Frank Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry, dies from Parkinson’s disease at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

141 BC - Liu Che, posthumously known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumes the throne over the Han Dynasty of China.

590 - Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia.

1230 - Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa.

1276 - Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City.

1497 - Nicolaus Copernicus 1st recorded astronomical observation

1500 - Pedro Cabral departs with 13 ships to India

1522 - -16] Martin Luther preaches his Invocavit

1562 - Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)

1566 - David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.

1697 - Czar Peter the Great begins tour of West-Europe

1721 - English Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower

1741 - English fleet under admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena

1765 - After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.

1776 - Publication of the economics book The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith.

1798 - Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy

 

 

 

1834 - French Foreign Legion is founded.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1841 - US Supreme Court rules Negroes are free (Amistad Incident)

1856 - Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama

1861 - Confederate currency authorized-$50, $100, $500, $1,000

1862 - “Monitor” (Union) & “Merrimack” (Rebel) battle in Hampton Roads

1864 - Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army

1882 - False teeth patented

1889 - Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi’s beat Abyssinian emperor John IV

1889 - Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US

1893 - Congo cannibals killed 1000s of Arabs

1907 - 1st involuntary sterilization law enacted, Indiana

1914 - Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co

1914 - US Sen Albert Fall (Teapot Dome) demands “Cubanisation of Mexico”

 

 

 

1916 - General Francisco “Pancho” Villa invades US (18 killed)

 

 

 

 

 

1918 - Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party

1918 - Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda

1925 - Pink’s War, the first RAF operation conducted independently of the Army or Navy, begins.

1935 - Adolf Hitler announces the creation of a new air force.

1942 - Construction of the Alaska Highway began

1943 - Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps

 

 

 

1945 - 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo(Operation Meetinghousewith 120,000 fire bombs

 

Operation Meetinghouse

Lessons Learned: The Firebombing of Tokyo

 

 

 

 

1946 - Ted Williams is offered $500,000 to play in Mexican League, he refuses

1947 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill

1947 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1950 - Willie Sutton robs Manufacturers Bank of $64,000 in NYC

1953 - Josef Stalin buried in Moscow

1954 - 1st local color TV coml WNBT-TV (WNBC-TV) NYC (Castro Decorators)

1959 - 1st known radar contact is made with Venus

1959 - Barbie, the popular girls’ doll, debuted, over 800 million sold

1961 - Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka (dog) into orbit

1962 - US advisors in South-Vietnam join the fight

 

 

 

1964 - 1st Ford Mustang produced

 

 

 

 

 

1964 - Supreme Court issues NY Times vs Sullivan decision, public officials must prove malice to claim libel & recover damages

1966 - Andrew Brimmer becomes 1st black governor of Federal Reserve Board

1967 - Svetlana Allilueva, Stalin’s daughter, defected to the West

1974 - Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended

1975 - Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.

1976 - 1st female cadets accepted to West Point Military Academy

1977 - Hanafi Moslems invade 3 buildings in Wash DC, siege ended Mar 11th

1977 - Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), becomes 12th director of CIA replacing acting director Knoche

1979 - Bowie Kuhn orders baseball to give equal access to female reporters

1980 - Flemish/Walloon battles in Belgium, 40 injured

1981 - Dan Rather becomes primary anchorman of CBS-TV News

1983 - Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana

 

 

 

1984 - The Competitive Enterprise Institute in founded in Washington, D.C.

 

 

 

 

 

1985 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Tokyo won by Katarina Witt (GDR)

1986 - NASA announces searchers found remains of Challenger astronauts

1987 - Chrysler Corp offered to buy American Motors Corp for $1 billion

1988 - President Reagan presides at unveiling of Knute Rockne stamp

1989 - Eastern Airlines files for bankruptcy

1989 - Roger Kingdom runs world record 60m hurdles indoor (7.36 sec)

1989 - Senate rejects Bush’s nomination of John Tower as Defense Secretary

1989 - Soviet Union officially submits to jurisdiction of the World Court

1990 - Dr Antonia Novello sworn-in as 1st hispanic/female US surgeon general

1994 - IRA launch 1st of 3 mortar attacks on London’s Heathrow Airport

1995 - Mexican peso worth 7.55 pesos to a dollar (record)

2006 - Liquid water is discovered on Enceladus, the sixth largest moon of Saturn.

2007 - The US Justice Department releases an internal audit that found that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had acted illegally in its use of the USA Patriot Act to secretly obtain personal information about US citizens.

2011 - Space Shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights.

2012 - Senior members of hacking group Lulz Sec are arrested, including one member of the FBI, in the United States, United Kingdom and Ireland

 

 

 

Births

1213 - Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (d. 1271)

1285 - Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (d. 1318)

1454 - Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America)

1564 - David Fabricius, Essens Germany, astronomer (discoved variable star)

1629 - Tsar Alexis I of Russia (d. 1676)

1753 - Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (d. 1800)

1791 - George Hayward, US, surgeon, 1st to use ether

1815 - David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1886)

1820 - Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1893)

1824 - Leland Stanford, (Gov/Sen)/found Stanford U

1825 - Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)

1833 - Frederick A. Schroeder, tobacco industrialist and mayor of Brooklyn (d. 1899)

1839 - Felix Huston Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1928

1856 - Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (d. 1928)

1877 - Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemist

1887 - Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)

1890 - Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Soviet foreign minister (UN)

1892 - Vita Sackville-West, England, novelist,poet (The Land) and gardener

1900 - Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)

1902 - Edward Durell Stone, US, architect (US Embassy, New Delhi)

1902 - Will Geer, Frankfort Indiana, American actor (Grandpa Walton-The Waltons)

1904 - Paul Klipsch, American engineer, noted for his loudspeaker designs. (d. 2002)

1912 - Alan David Melville, polymath

1918 - Mickey Spillane, [Frank], Brooklyn NY, mystery writer (I the Jury)

1920 - Carl Betz, Pitts, actor (Alex Stone-Donna Reed Show)

1922 - Herbert P Douglas Jr, Pitts, long jumper (Olympic-bronze-1948)

 

 

 

1928 - Gerald BullCanadian long range artillery (Supergundesigner (d. 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 - Ornette Coleman, Fort Worth, Texas, American jazz composer (Downbeat Musician of Year 1966)

 

 

 

1932 - Keely SmithNorfolk VirginiaAmerican singer (Mrs Louie Prima)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1932 - Walter Mercado, Puerto Rican astrologist and actor

1933 - Lloyd Price, Kenner La, singer (Just Because)

1934 - Joyce Van Patten, Queens NY, actress (Good Guys, Don Rickles Show)

1934 - Yuri Gagarin, Russia, cosmonaut, 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1)

1936 - Mickey Gilley, Ferriday La, country singer (Urban Cowboy)

1937 - Brian Redman, English racing driver

1940 - Raul Julia, PR, actor (Addams Family, Kiss of the Spider Woman)

1941 - Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (d. 1976)

1942 - Bert Campaneris, shortstop (Oakland A’s)

1942 - John Cale, Garnant, Welsh musician, composer and singer-songwriter (Velvet Underground)

1942 - Mark Lindsay, Eugene Or, rock vocalist/sax (Paul Revers & Raiders)

1943 - Trish Van Devere, [Patricia Dressel], Tenafly New Jersey, actress (Changeling)

1943 - Bobby Fischer, US, world chess champion (1972-75)

 

 

 

1945 - Robin TrowerLondonguitarist (Procol Harum-Whiter Shade of Pale)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1945 - Dennis Rader, American serial killer

1948 - Jamie Lyn Bauer, Phoenix Az, actr (Young & Restless, Centerfold Girls)

1948 - Jeffrey Osborne, Providence RI, rock vocalist (On the Wings of Love)

1948 - Jimmy Fadden, Long Beach California, singer (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band)

1950 - Danny Sullivan, Indy-car racer (over 10 wins)

1952 - Iuliana Semenova, USSR, basketball (Olympic-gold-1976)

1954 - Bobby Sands, IRA member (d. 1981)

1955 - Ornella Muti, Rome Italy, actress (Flash Gordon, Most Beautiful Wife)

1955 - Teo Fabi, formula-1 Indy-car racer (rookie of year-1983)

1957 - Faith Daniels, news anchor (CBS-TV)

1957 - Jon Engen, Oslo Norway, US biathelete (Olympics-1994)

1957 - Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician

1959 - Barbie, doll (Mattel)

1959 - Kato [Brian] Kaelin, actor (Beach Fever)/OJ roommate/witness

1960 - Linda Fiorentino, Phila, actress (Jade, Last Seduction, Moderns)

1961 - Camryn Manheim, American actress

1963 - David Pogue, Technology columnist and musician

1964 - Juliette Binoche, Paris France, actress (Unbearable Lightness)

1966 - Brendan Canty, American musician (Fugazi)

1967 - Curt Schreiner, Albany NY, biathelete (Olympics-1994)

1967 - Eric Flaim, Pembroke Mass, short track skater (Olympics-1994)

1970 - Melissa Rathburn-Nealy, US soldier (Iraqi POW)

1971 - Emmanuel Lewis, Bkln NY, actor (Webster)

 

 

 

1977 Yamila DiazArgentine supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

1979 - Melina Perez, WWE Diva

1984 - Julia Mancuso, American Olympic gold medalist

1986 - Brittany Snow, American actress

1987 - Bow Wow, American rapper and actor

 

 

 

Deaths

1202 - King Sverre of Norway

1422 - Jan Zelivsky, Hussite priest (b. 1380)

1566 - David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered by Protestant nobles

1649 - Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier (executed) (b. 1590)

1688 - Claude Mellan, French engraver/cartoonist/painter, dies at 89

1747 - Jacob Campo Weyerman, S Neth adventurer/painter/writer, dies at 69

1808 - Joseph Bonomi the Elder, architect (b. 1739)

1851 - Hans Christian Oersted, Danish physicist, dies at 73

1895 - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (Masochism), dies at 59

1897 - Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (b. 1825)

1954 - Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)

1954 - V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (b. 1874)

1955 - Matthew A Henson, met Peary on 6/4/1909 at North Pole, dies at 88

1962 - Howard Engstrom, Boston, a designer of Univac computer, dies at 59

1966 - Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (b. 1924)

1974 - Earl W Sutherland Jr, US pharmacologist (Nobel 1971), dies at 58

1989 - Robert Mapplethorpe, US photographer, dies at 42

1992 - James Brooks, US mural painter (Flight, La Guardia NY), dies at 85

1992 - Menachem Begin, PM Israel (1977-80, 81-83, Nobel 1979), dies at 85

1993 - Bob Crosby, swing-era bandleader (Bobcats), dies of cancer at 79

1994 - Charles Bukowski, author/poet, dies of leukemia at 73

1994 - Maurice “Moe” Purtill, jazz drummer, dies at 77

1995 - Ian Ballantine, publisher, dies of heart attack at 79

 

 

 

1996 - George BurnsAmerican actor and singer (b. 1896)

 

 

 

 

 

1997 - Notorius B I G, [Biggie Small, Chris Walkin], rapper, shot dead at 24

2005 - Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (b. 1912)

2006 - John Profumo, British cabinet minister (b. 1915)

2006 - Geir Ivarsøy, Norwegian programmer, co-founder of Opera Software ASA (b. 1957)

2007 - Brad Delp, American singer (Boston) (b. 1951)

2011 - David Broder, American journalist (b. 1929)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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