Tag Archive: Events


Today In The Past

 

Events

532 – Nika-revolt against Justianus & Theodora in Hippodrome Constantinople
1055 – Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire.
1158 – Vladislav II of Bohemia becomes king
1558 – Westmunster Church in Middelburg destroyed by heavy storm
1569 – 1st recorded lottery in England is drawn in St Paul’s Cathedral
1571 – Emperor Maximilian II grants Austrian adel freedom of religion
1599 – Jacob van Necks fleet leaves Bantam Java with pepper, clove & muskaat
1693 – Mt Etna erupts, Sicily
1709 – Colley Cibber’s “Rival Fools,” premieres in London
1753 – Ferdinand VI of Spain & Pope Benedictus XIV sign concord
1758 – Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East-Prussia [NS=Jan 22]
1759 – 1st American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia
1765 – Frisia bans Voltaires “Traité sur la tolérance”
1774 – Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog
1775 – Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
1779 – Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur.
1785 – Continental Congress convenes in NYC
1787 – Titania & Oberon, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Herschel
1790 – Statisten & Vonckisten unite as Belgium
1794 – Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal is killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US marshal to die while carrying out his duties.
1803 – Monroe & Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans; they buy La
1805 – Michigan Territory organizes
1813 – 1st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1/21)
1839 – Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal – 700 die
1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to earn medical degree
1861 – Alabama becomes 4th state to secede from the Union
1861 – Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
1863 – Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
1863 – Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
1864 – Charing Cross Station opens in London
1865 – Battle of Beverly, WV
1866 – Steamship London sinks in storm off Land’s End, England and kills 220
1867 – Benito Juárez becomes the Mexican president again.
1873 – 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover’s Journal, Chicago
1879 – Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins
1885 – Henrik Ibsen’s “Vildauden,” premieres in Oslo
1892 – Hawaiian Historical Society founded
1892 – William D McCoy of Indiana appointed US minister to Liberia
1893 – Jaap Eden skates world record 1500m (2:35)
1897 – M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah)
1904 – Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, begin uprising
1912 – Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts
1913 – 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)
1915 – Col Jacob Ruppert & Col Tillinghast Huston purchase Yanks for $460,000
1916 – French troops capture/Serbian army flees to Corfu
1917 – Guy Bolton & PG Wodehouse’s “Have a Heart,” premieres in NYC
1919 – 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
1919 – Romania annexes Transylvania
1920 – French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
1922 – Insulin 1st used to treat diabetes (Leonard Thompson, 14, of Canada)
1923 – 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
1923 – French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations
1925 – Frank Kellogg replaces Charles Hughes on as US Sect of State
1927 – Royale Theater (Golden, CBS Radio Playhouse) opens at 242 W 45th NYC
1935 – Amelia Earhart flies from Honolulu to Oakland Ca (non-stop, of course)
1936 – Charles Anderson enters Kentucky House of Representatives
1938 – Bradman scores a second innings 113 v Qld after a ton in the 1st
1938 – Frances Moulton elected 1st woman president of a US national bank
1940 – Sergei Prokofiev’s ballet Romeo & Juliet premieres in Leningrad
1941 – Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton
1942 – -23°F (-31°C), Kingston, Rhode Island (state record)
1942 – Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya
1943 – US & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
1944 – Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
1946 – Bert Bell becomes 2nd NFL commissioner, moves Chicago HQ to Phila
1946 – Enver Hoxha declares People’s Rep of Albania with himself dictator
1949 – Snowfall 1st recorded in Los Angeles
1952 – Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Marianne Moore
1953 – J. Edgar Hoover declines 6 figure offer to become president of International Boxing Club
1954 – 2 ton locomotive swept into ravine by avalanche 10 die (Austria)
1957 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
1957 – Mass-murderer Jack Gilbert Graham is executed via the Gas Chamber.
1959 – Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Theodore Roethke
1959 – Hanif Mohammad completes 499 for Karachi, then 1st class world record
1959 – Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Mayfair Golf Open
1959 – NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 28-21
1960 – Chad declares independence from France
1960 – Lamar Clark sets pro boxing record of 44 consecutive knockouts
1961 – Racial riot at University of Georgia
1962 – Volcano Huascaran in Peru, erupts; 4,000 die
1963 – 1st discotheque opens, Whiskey-a-go-go in LA
1963 – Beatles release “Please Please Me” & “Ask Me Why”
1964 – “She Loves Me” closes at Eugene O’Neill Theater NYC after 302 perfs
1964 – 1st government report warning smoking may be hazardous to one’s health
1964 – Beatles “I Want to Hold Your Hand” is #80 in US (Cashbox)
1964 – Panama ends diplomatic relations with US
1964 – US Surgeon General Luther Terry reports that smoking may be hazardous
1966 – “Daktari” African adventure series premieres on CBS TV
1966 – 550 die in landslides in mountains behind Rio de Janeiro after rain
1967 – Romeinse Curie installs Council for Pontifical Study commission
1968 – Explorer 36 (GEOS-B) launched into earth orbit (1080/1570 km)
1969 – “Hooked on a Feeling” by BJ Thomas peaks at #5
1969 – Jethro Tull’s This Was Jethro Tull album debuts
1970 – Superbowl IV: KC Chiefs beat Minnesota Vikings, 23-7 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Len Dawson, Kansas City, QB
1971 – 1st “Quickie” Divorce granted in UK
1971 – Tigers ace reliever John Hiller, 27, sufferes a heart attack, but later makes a remarkable comeback to record 38 saves
1972 – East-Pakistan becomes independent state of Bangladesh
1972 – Abu Sayeed Chudhury becomes president & sheik Mujib ur-Rahman premier
1973 – American League adopts designated hitter rule
1973 – Famous victory at the SCG Pakistan chasing 158 all out 106
1973 – Trial of Watergate burglars begins in Wash DC
1974 – ABC airs final episode of “Love, American Style”
1975 – Soyuz 17 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 4
1976 – “Pacific Overtures” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 193 perfs
1976 – Dorothy Hamill wins her 3rd consec natl figure skating champions
1976 – Military coup in Ecuador, Pres Guillermo Lara leaves
1976 – Stephen Sondheim’s musical “Pacific Overtures,” premieres in NYC
1976 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill
1976 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Terry Kubicka
1977 – Bollingen Prize awarded to David Ignatow
1977 – Cubs trade outfielder Rick Monday to Dodgers for Bill Buckner
1977 – France releases Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in massacre of Israeli athletes at 1972 Munich Olympics
1978 – Gov Askew dedicates RCUC solar office building
1978 – Soyuz 27 links with Salyut 6 & Soyuz 26 (1st time 3 spacecraft link)
1979 – “Grand Tour” opens at Palace Theater NYC for 61 performances
1980 – Debut of Pretenders
1981 – “Tintypes” closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 93 performances
1981 – Palau adopts constitution
1981 – Brit team led by Ranulph Fiennes completes longest & fastest crossing of Antarctica, reaching Scott base after 75 days (2,500 miles)
1982 – Atlanta Ga’s temperature goes below zero F
1982 – Honduras adopts constitution
1983 – Billy Martin named NY Yankee manager for 3rd time
1984 – Denver Nuggets 163, San Antonio Spurs 155-highest-scoring NBA game
1984 – STS 41-B vehicle moves to launch pad
1984 – Supreme Court reinstated $10M award to Karen Silkwood’s family
1986 – 1st black lt gov since reconstruction sworn in (Douglas Wilder of Va)
1987 – Largest crowd (76,633) at NFL NY Giant Stadium (beat Wash 17-0)
1988 – Test debut of Phil Simmons, WI v India, Madras
1988 – USSR announces it will participate in Seoul Summer Olympics
1989 – 140 nations agree to ban chemical weapons (poison gas, etc)
1989 – Denver Nuggets’ rookie Jerome Lane misses 7 free throws in a game against Milwaukee, one missed by 2 feet
1989 – Kindergarten student caught with loaded handgun at Bronx school
1990 – 200,000 demand return of Lithuania’s independence
1990 – Actor Joseph Cotton undergoes vocal cancer operation at 84
1990 – Bobby Knight becomes basketball’s Big 10 winningest coach (229)
1990 – Pat Lafontaine sets NY Islander record of scoring goals in 11 straight
1991 – Congress empowers Bush to order attack on Iraq
1991 – Ric Flair wins NWA/WCW wrestling title
1991 – Soviets storm buildings in Vilnius to block Lithuania independence
1991 – Ben Johnson 1st race after being stripped of his 1988 Olympic Gold medal for steroid use, he finished 2nd
1992 – Algeria’s Pres Chadli announces his resignation
1992 – Paul Simon opens a tour in South Africa
1992 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Kristi Yamaguchi
1993 – Howard Stern’s radio show begins transmitting to Buffalo NY (WKBW)
1993 – Independent pres candidate Ross Perot publicly returns to politics
1994 – Hyderabad score 6 for 944 against Andhra Pradesh in Ranji Trophy
1994 – Irish government announces end of a 20-year broadcasting ban on IRA
1995 – 5th TV network (WB) Warner Brothers begins (WPIX-TV in NYC)
1995 – Birmingham Barracudas granted CFL franchise
1995 – DC-9 crashes near Maria La Baya, Colombia: 51 die, 9 yr old girl lives
1995 – NHLPA & owners agree to end NHL strike
1996 – Space Shuttle STS 72 (Endeavour 10), launches into space
1996 – Haiti becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1997 – 23rd People’s Choice Awards: Bill Cosby wins
1997 – Martina Hingis beats Jennifer Capriati at Sydney Tennis Intl
1997 – Telstar 401 Satellite Fails
1998 – “Proposals,” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 76 performances
1998 – 24th Annual People’s Choice Awards – Seinfeld, Tim Allen win
1998 – AFC Championship: Denver Broncos beat Pitt Steelers 24-21
1998 – NFC Championship: Green Bay Packers beat SF 49’ers 23-10
1998 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Michelle Kwan
1998 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge
1998 – Sidi-Hamed massacre takes place in Algeria, over 100 people are killed.
1999 – 26th American Music Award: Celine Dion & Eric Clapton win
2013 – 46 people are killed and 12 are missing after a landslide buries a village in the Yunnan province, China
2013 – 29 people are killed and 12 are injured after a bus veers off a mountain road in Doti, Nepal

Births

347 – Emperor Theodosius I “The Great” of Rome (d. 395)
889 – Abd-ar-Rahman III, Emir and Caliph of Cordoba (d. 961)
1322 – Emperor Komyo of Japan (d. 1380)
1359 – Emperor Go-En’yu of Japan (d. 1393)
1395 – Michelle of Valois, Duchess of Burgundy (d. 1422)
1403 – Jan IV, Duke of Brabant/Limburg
1449 – Domenico Ghirlandajo, Italy, renaissance painter
1503 – Francesco Parmigianino, Italian artist (Madonna with the Long Neck)
1591 – Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (d. 1646)
1630 – John Rogers, American President of Harvard in the US (d. 1684)
1671 – François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (d. 1745)
1703 – Columban Praelisauer, composer
1720 – Gijsbert John van Hardenbroeck, Utrechts regent
1723 – Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (d. 1774)
1727 – Franz Sebastian Haindl, composer
1746 – Frantisek Adam Mica, composer
1746 – William Curtis, English botanist/publisher (Botanical Magazine)
1750 – Johann Jakob Walder, composer
1755 – Alexander Hamilton, Charlestown, Nevis, West Indies, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury, (d. 1804)
1757 – Samuel Bentham, English mechanical engineer (d. 1831)
1788 – William Thomas Brande, English chemist (d. 1866)
1800 – Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (d. 1895)
1801 – John Lodge Ellerton, composer
1807 – Alfred Eugene “Mudwall” Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1807 – Ezra Cornell, founder (Western Union Telegraph, Cornell University)
1808 – Antoine GB Schayes, Belgian historian/archaeologist
1814 – James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget)
1814 – Richard Griffith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
1815 – John A MacDonald, (C) 1st PM of Canada (1867-73)
1816 – Fitz-Henry Warren, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
1818 – John Reese Kenly, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
1825 – Bayard Taylor, U.S. poet and writer (d. 1878
1831 – James Ronald Chalmers, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
1839 – Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rico, patriot/scholar
1842 – William James, US, psychologist/philosopher
1843 – Charles Yelverton O’Connor, Irish-Australian engineer (d. 1902)
1849 – Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (bath house)
1850 – J C Arthur, Lowville NY, botanist (studied rusts)
1850 – Philipp la Renotiere von Ferrary, famous philatelist
1852 – Konstantin Fehrenbach, German chancellor (1920-21)
1853 – Gustav Falke, German author/poet (Der Mann im Nebel)
1853 – Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter (d. 1926)
1856 – Christian August Sinding, Kongsberg Norway, composer
1857 – Fred[erick J] Archer, English jockey (won 5 Derbys)
1858 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American retailer (d. 1947)
1859 – [Gerard] Jan Ligthart, Dutch educator (Nog bij mother, Ot & Sien)
1860 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian/French painter/author (Journal)
1864 – Thomas Dixon, US attorney/playwright (Flaming Sword)
1867 – Edward B. Titchener, British psychologist. (d. 1927)
1868 – Cai Yuanpei, Chinese educator (d. 1940)
1870 – Alexander Stirling Calder, American sculptor (d. 1945)
1872 – Paul Graener, composer
1872 – George Washington Pierce, American physicist (d. 1956)
1873 – John Callan O’Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (d. 1949)
1875 – Reinhold Gliere, composer
1876 – Elmer Flick, American baseball player (d. 1971)
1878 – Theodorus Pangalos, Greek general/dictator (1926)
1879 – Antonio Beltramelli, writer
1880 – Rudolf T Palm, Curacao, pianist/composer
1885 – Alice Paul, ERA advocate/founder (National Woman’s Party)
1885 – Jack Hoxie, American actor, rodeo performer (d. 1965)
1886 – George Zucco, England, actor (Adv of Sherlock Holmes, Capt Fury)
1887 – Aldo Leopold, founder (Wilderness Society)
1888 – Chester Conklin, Oskaloosa IA, actor (Every Day’s a Holiday, Greed)
1889 – Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (d. 1938)
1890 – Monte Blue, Indianapolis IN, silent film actor (Montana, Oh Boy)
1890 – Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (d. 1954)
1890 – Max Carey, American baseball player (d. 1976)
1894 – Jaroslav Vogel, composer
1896 – Eva Le Gallienne, London England, actress/director (Resurrection)
1896 – Paddy Driscoll, NFL QB/coach (Chic Cardinals, Bears)
1897 – August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (d. 1979)
1898 – Hans Rudolf Krik, Danish writer/critic (Fiskerne, Slaven)
1899 – Eva Le Gallienne, English-American actress (d. 1991)
1901 – Andries D Copier, Dutch glass manufacturer (Gildeglass)
1901 – Kwon Ki-ok, Korean pilot (d. 1988)
1902 – Maurice Durufle, French organist/composer
1903 – Alan Paton, South Africa, writer (Cry, the Beloved Country)
1904 – Frederick Boland, Irish diplomat/president (UN General Assembly)
1905 – John Henry Jacques, co-operative retailer
1905 – Clyde Kluckhohn, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
1906 – Albert Hofmann, Switzerland, chemist (discovered LSD)
1906 – Johannes Paul Thilman, composer
1906 – Robert Nesbitt, impresario
1907 – Pierre Mendès-France, French Premier (1954-55) (d. 1982)
1908 – Lionel Stander, NYC, actor (Max-Hart to Hart, Unfaithfully Yours)
1909 – Gunnar Johnsen Berg, composer
1909 – Marguerite Kelsey, English model/painter (Haunting)
1910 – Izler Solomon, St Paul, Minn, conductor
1910 – Trygve Martin Bratteli, Norwegian PM (Labour) (1971-72, 1973-76)
1910 – Sir Shane Paltridge, Australian politician (d. 1966)
1911 – Nora Heysen, Australian artist (d. 2003)
1911 – Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2004)
1912 – Donald Barry, Houston Texas, actor (Mr Gallo-Mr Novak)
1912 – Roger Lewis, aviation exec (Lockheed, Curtiss Wright, Pan Am)
1912 – Thomas “Schoolboy” Rowe, Waco Texas, pitcher (Detroit Tigers)
1914 – Dorothy Jeakins, costume designer
1915 – Robert Blair Mayne, British soldier, co-founder Special Air Service (d. 1955)
1916 – Bernard Blier, Buenos Aires Argentina, actor (Les Miserables)
1916 – James H [Jimmy] Quillen, (Rep-R-TN, 1963- )
1918 – Albert Weisser, composer
1919 – Veda Ann Borg, Boston MA, actress (Avalanche, Accomplice)
1920 – John Powell, campaigner
1921 – Gory Guerrero, professional wrestler (d. 1990)
1922 – Kathleen Byron, London England, actress (Abdication, Profile, 4 Days)
1922 – Neville Duke, English test pilot
1922 – Tony Charmoli, Minn, choreographer (Cher, Julie Andrew)
1922 – Ernle Bradford, English historian and writer (d. 1986)
1923 – Carroll Shelby, American race car driver, automobile designer and businessman, (d. 2012)
1924 – Don Cherry, Wichita Texas, singer (Dean Martin Summer Show)
1924 – Slim Harpo [James Moore], Lobdell, Louisiana, American blues musician
1924 – Sam B. Hall, American politician (d. 1994)
1926 – Alexander Gibson, conductor
1926 – Elisabeth M J “Elly” Bakker, Dutch actress (The Miser)
1926 – Grant Tinker, broadcasting executive (NBC-TV)
1926 – Lev Stepanovich Demin, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
1926 – Phil Sidey, broadcaster
1927 – John Hayes, cricketer (NZ fast bowler in 15 Tests 1951-58)
1927 – Wilton “Bogey” Gaynair, saxophonist
1928 – David L Wolper, producer (Devil’s Brigade)
1928 – Mitchell Ryan, Cincinnati Oh, actor (Chase, Executive Suite)
1929 – Nicoletta Orsomando
1929 – Wanda Wilkomirska, Warsaw, Poland, violinist
1930 – Rod Taylor, Sydney, New South Wales, Australian actor (The Birds, Time Machine)
1930 – Ron Mulock, Australian politician
1931 – Ed Hall, Roxbury Mass, actor (Dr Bicker-Medical Center)
1931 – Betty Churcher, director of the National Gallery of Australia
1932 – Alfonso Arau, Mexican film director
1933 – Goldie Hill, Karnes County Tx, country singer (Grand Ole Opry)
1934 – Sir Charles Antony Richard Hoare, Computer scientist
1935 – Chuck Barksdale, US singer (Dells-I Can Sing a Rainbow)
1935 – Ghita Nørby, Danish actress
1936 – Linda Lawson, Ann Arbor Mich, actress (Don’t Call Me Charlie)
1936 – Meindert Leerling, Dutch TV director/MP (RPF)
1936 – Eve Hesse, Hamburg Germany, German born Jewish-American sculptor.
1938 – Fischer S Black Jr, financial theorist
1938 – Michael Fenn, docker/socialist
1938 – Arthur Scargill, Socialist Labour Party (UK) leader
1939 – Anne Heggtveit, Ottawa, Ontario, Canadian alpine skier (Olympic-gold-1960)
1940 – Mark DeVoto, composer
1941 – Gérson, Brazilian footballer
1942 – Clarence Clemons, rock saxophonist (Bruce Springsteen’s E St Band)
1943 – William Albert Penn, composer
1943 – Henry Cecil, Aberdeen, Scotland, English horse racing trainer
1944 – York Georg Holler, composer
1944 – Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (d. 1989)
1944 – Shibu Soren, Indian politician
1945 – Christine Kaufmann, Austria, actress (Town Without Pity, Red Lips)
1945 – Samdech Preah Sanghareach Bour Kry, Supreme Patriarch of the Cambodian Dhammayutt Order
1946 – Ludmila Poradnik, USSR, team handball (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)
1946 – Naomi Judd, [Diana Ellen], Ashland Ky, singer (Judds-Why Not Me)
1946 – Tony Kaye, rocker (Yes)
1946 – John Piper, American theologian
1947 – Anna Calder-Marshall, Kensington England, actress (Zulu Dawn)
1947 – Bryan Robson, English international soccer star
1948 – Madeline Manning-Jackson-Mimms, US 800m runner (Oly-gold-1968)
1949 – Tom Netherton, Munich Germany, singer (Lawrence Welk Show)
1949 – [Frederick] Dennis Greene, rocker (Sha Na Na-Shannon)
1949 – Daryl Braithwaite, Australian rock singer
1951 – Willie Maddren, English former footballer (d. 2000)
1952 – Ben Daniel Crenshaw, Austin TX, PGA golfer (1976 Bing Crosby)
1952 – Lee Ritenour, Los Angeles California, jazz musician
1952 – Massimo Lopez, Italian comedian
1952 – Bille Brown, Australian actor and playwright
1952 – Michael Forshaw, Australian politician
1953 – Anna Marchesini, Italian entertainer
1953 – John Sessions, Scottish actor
1954 – Saskia ten Batenburg, Dutch actress (Factory, Hunk)
1956 – Kuniaki Kobayashi, wrestler (WAR/NJPW)
1956 – Robert Earl Keen, American singer
1957 – Darryl Dawkins, NBA center (Philadelphia 76ers, NJ Nets)
1957 – Bryan Robson, English footballer and manager
1958 – Lourdes Ann Kananimanu Estores, Honolulu Hawaii, playmate (Jun, 1982)
1958 – Vicki Peterson, Los Angeles California, rock guitarist/vocalist (Bangles)
1958 – Diego León Montoya Sánchez, former Columbian crime boss
1959 – Brett Bodine, auto racer
1961 – Paul Skansi, NFL wide receiver (Seattle Seahawk)
1961 – Jasper Fforde, British author
1962 – Donn Pall, Evergreen Park IL, pitcher (Philadelphia Phillies, Fl Marlins)
1962 – Julie Moran, TV hostess (Entertainment Tonight, Independence Day)
1962 – Kim Coles, Brooklyn New York, American actress (Synclaire-Living Single)
1962 – Susan Lindauer, American peace activist and accused spy
1963 – Jason Connery, London England, actor (Robin Hood)
1963 – Kate Gompert, Ames lA, tennis star
1963 – Petra Schneider, E German swimming star (world record 400m)
1963 – Tracy Caulkins, Winona Minn, swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1984)
1965 – Barbara Belding, San Diego Cal, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-17th-1994)
1965 – Joely Richardson, London England, actress (Body Contact, Wetherby)
1965 – Karl Van Calcar, Torrance California, 3k steeplechase
1965 – Loredana Romito, Benevento Italy, model/actress (Fatal Temptation)
1965 – Olivia Barash, Miami Fla, actress (Laura-Out of the Blue)
1965 – Steve Vancil, Oregon City Ore, golfer (1989 City of Portland)
1965 – Roland Scholten, Dutch Darts Player
1966 – Christian Pouget, hockey forward (Team France 1998)
1966 – Marc Acito, American novelist and humorist
1966 – Kelley Law, Canadian curler
1967 – Jeff Bankett, Pittsburgh Pa, actor (Tyler-1 Life to Live)
1967 – Richmond Webb, NFL tackle (Miami Dolphins)
1967 – Ronnie Stern, St-Agathe, NHL right wing (Calgary Flames)
1968 – Ben Rivera, Dominican/US baseball pitcher (Philadelphia Phillies)

1968 - Sharon Brown, NYC, actress (Chantal-Generations)
1968 - Tom Dumont, American musician
1969 - Darren Anderson, NFL cornerback (KC Chiefs)
1969 - Dave Cruikshank, Northbrook Ill, speed skater (Olympics-1994)
1969 - Frank Robinson, WLAF defensive back (Scottish Claymores)
1969 - Reemt Pyka, hockey forward (Team Germany 1998)
1969 - Kyle Richards, American actress
1970 - Franco Davin, Argentina, tennis star
1970 - Joy Nilo, Filipino Composer
1971 - Alexander Delgado, Palmerejo Venezuela, catcher (Boston Red Sox)
1971 - Karmeeleyah McGill, WLAF linebacker (Scottish Claymores)
1971 - Mary Jane Blige, New York, American R&B singer-songwriter
1971 - Noah Cantor, CFL defensive tackle (Toronto Argonauts)
1971 - Stephen Smith, Indianapolis Indiana, high jumper
1972 - Amber Medlin, Virginia Beach Virginia, Miss America-Virginia (1996)
1972 - Dexter Seigler, NFL cornerback (Seattle Seahawks)
1972 - Huub Loeffen, Dutch soccer player (Vitesse)
1972 - Rey Ordonez, Havana Cuba, infielder (NY Mets)
1972 - Yang Wenyi, Chinese swim star (WR/OR 50m freestyle)
1972 - Marc Blucas, American actor
1973 – Dave Dickenson, CFL quarterback (Calgary Stampeders)

1973 – Rahul Dravid, cricket batter (prolific Karnataka, Tests for India 96)
1973 – Joanna Brodzik, Polish actress
1973 – Rockmond Dunbar, American actor
1974 – Echo Leta Johnson, Austin TX, playmate (Jan, 1993)
1974 – Goran Lozanovski, Australian soccer midfielder (Olyroos, Olympics-96)
1974 – Rod Jones, NFL guard (Cincinnati Bengals)
1974 – Toderick Malone, WLAF wide receiver (London Monarchs)
1974 – Warren Morris, Alexandria LA, baseball infielder (Olympics-bronze-96)
1974 – Jens Nowotny, German footballer
1975 – Brad Badger, guard (Washington Redskins)
1975 – Jacky Verbeek, Dutch soccer player (RKC)
1975 – Rory Fitzpatrick, Rochester, NHL defenseman (Montreal Canadiens)
1976 – Efthimios Rentzias, Greek basketball player
1977 – Shomari Buchanan, American football player
1977 – Nadia Turner, American singer
1978 – Michael Duff, Northern Irish footballer
1978 – Emile Heskey, English footballer
1978 – Holly Brisley, Australian actress
1979 – Darren Lynn Bousman, American film director
1979 – Siti Nurhaliza, Malaysian singer
1980 – Lovieanne Jung, American softball player
1980 – Mike Williams, American football player
1980 – Deanna Wright, American actress
1981 – Jamelia Niela Davis, Birmingham, English singer
1981 – Tom Meighan, British singer (Kasabian)
1982 – Ashley Taylor Dawson, British actor and singer
1982 – Son Ye-jin, South Korean actress
1983 – Matthew Palleschi, Canadian soccer player
1983 – Adrian Sutil, German racing driver
1985 – Rie fu, Japanese singer
1985 – Kazuki Nakajima, Japanese racing driver
1985 – Newton Faulkner, British singer
1987 – Scotty Cranmer, American professional BMX rider
1988 – Alexandria L’Esperance, quintuplet
1988 – Danielle L’Esperance, quintuplet
1988 – Erica L’Esperance, quintuplet
1988 – Raymond L’Esperance, quintuplet
1988 – Veronica L’Esperance, quintuplet
1993 – Flora Cross, American actress

Deaths

314 – St. Miltiades
705 – John VI, Catholic Pope (701-05), dies
802 – St. Paulinus II of Aquileia
812 – Staurakios, Byzantine Emperor
844 – Michael I Rhangabes, Byzantine Emperor
1055 – Constantine IX Monomachos, emperor of Byzantium, dies
1083 – Otto of Nordheim, Duke of Bavaria (c. 1020)
1494 – Domenico Ghirlandaio, Italian artist (b. 1449)
1495 – Pedro González de Mendoza, Spanish cardinal and statesman (b. 1428)
1547 – Pietro Bembo, Italian author, literary theorist, and Catholic cardinal (b. 1470)
1552 – Johannes Cochlaeus, [Dobeneck], German humanist/theologist, dies
1641 – Franciscus Gomarus, [Francois Gomaer], French theologist, dies
1641 – Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (b. 1583)
1650 – Paul Hallman, composer, dies at 49
1674 – Jan Zoet, actor/playwright/poet (Brutal-Roffel), dies at 58
1696 – Charles Albanel, French missionary explorer in Canada (b. 1616)
1703 – Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (b. 1632)
1713 – Pierre Jurieu, French Protestant leader (b. 1637)
1735 – Danilo I , Vladika of Montenegro (b. c. 1670)
1753 – Hans Sloane, English physician (British Museum), dies at 92
1762 – Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor (b. 1695)
1763 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (b. 1676)
1771 – Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, marquis d’Argens, French author, dies at 66
1775 – Yemelyan Pugachov, Don Cossack rebel, executed by tsarist Russia
1775 – Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (b. 1723)
1784 – Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz, composer, dies at 59
1791 – William Williams Pantycelyn, Welsh hymnist (b. 1717)
1797 – Francis Lightfoot Lee, US farmer (singer Decl of Independ), dies at 62
1801 – Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer (Matrimonio segreto), dies at 51
1836 – John Molson, Canadian brewer (b. 1763)
1837 – John Field, Irish pianist/composer (Nocturnes), dies at 54
1843 – Francis Scott Key, composer (Star Spangled Banner), dies at 63
1847 – Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld], German author, dies at 83
1856 – Nikolai I Nadezjdin, Russian archaeologist, dies [NS=Jan 23]
1867 – Sir Stuart Donaldson, first Premier of the Colony of New South Wales (b. 1812)
1870 – Adolf Ganz, composer, dies at 73
1877 – Pietro Romani, composer, dies at 85
1882 – Theodor Schwann, German physiologist (b. 1810)
1891 – Georges-Eugene Haussmann, French senator/baron, dies at 81
1893 – Benjamin F Butler, US gen/pres candidate (anti-monopoly), dies at 74
1898 – Gaetano Capocci, composer, dies at 86
1901 – Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov, composer, dies at 34
1902 – Johnny Briggs, cricketer (118 wkts for England), dies in an asylum
1905 – Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, Hasidic rabbi (b. 1847)
1914 – Ambrose Bierce, American writer and satirist, dies at 71
1914 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer and patron of the arts after whom the Carlsberg brewery was named (b. 1842)
1923 – Constantine I, king of Greece (1913-17, 20-22), dies at 54
1928 – Thomas Hardy, novelist (Maddening Crowd), dies near Dorchester at 87
1929 – Julio Antonio Mella, Cuban revolutionary, murdered at about 28
1931 – Oscar Fetras, composer, dies at 76
1931 – James Milton Carroll, American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, and author (b. 1852)
1941 – Emanuel Lasker, German chess player (b. 1868)
1943 – Carlo Tresca, NY’s Italian newspaper editor/anti-fascist, murdered
1944 – Galeazzo count of Cortellazzo Ciano, Italian politician, dies
1947 – Eva Tanguay, Canadian-born singer and entertainer (b. 1879)
1950 – Karin Michaelis, writer, dies at 77
1952 – Jean JM de Lattre de Tassigny, gen (N-Africa/Indo-China), dies at 61
1952 – Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor (b. 1885)
1953 – Ernst H Ridder Rappard, Dutch Nazi founder (NSNAP), dies at 53
1953 – Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter, dies at 58
1953 – Noach Zjordanija, Georgian Premier (1918-21), dies at 84
1954 – Edgar Tytgat, Flemish painter/etcher/drawer, dies at 77
1954 – Emmy Arbous, Dutch actress/cabaret performer (Boefje), dies at 56
1954 – Oscar Straus, Austrian composer (Brave Soldier), dies at 83
1955 – Rodolfo Graziani, Italian East-Africa Minister of Defense, dies at 72
1957 – Sir Robert Garran, Australian lawyer and early leading expert in Australian constitutional law (b. 1867)
1958 – Alec Rowley, composer, dies at 65
1959 – Mohammed Zakaria Ghonein, discoverer of 6,000 yr old pyramid, dies
1960 – Johan E Elias, Dutch historian (Elias Family), dies at 84
1961 – Elena Gerhardt, German mezzo-soprano singer (b. 1883)
1963 – Arthur D Nock, English/Americans historian (St Paul), dies at 60
1966 – Albert Giacometti, Swiss/French painter/sculptor, dies at 64
1966 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian premier (1964-66), dies at 61
1966 – Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish runner (b. 1889)
1969 – Richmal Crompton, British author (b. 1890)
1971 – I. (Irene) Rice Pereira, American abstract artist dies aged 68
1973 – Isabel Randolph, actress (Missing Corpse), dies at 83
1973 – Rudolf Kubin, composer, dies a day after 64th birthday
1975 – Max Lorenz, German heldentenor famous for Wagner roles (b. 1901)
1976 – Mervyn Grell, cricketer (Test WI v England 1930, 21 & 13, 0-17), dies
1978 – Michael Bates, actor (Clockwork Orange, Salt & Pepper), dies at 57
1978 – Ibn-e-Insha, Pakistani humorist and Urdu poet (b. 1927)
1979 – Jack Soo, actor (Nick Yemana-Barney Miller, Green Berets), dies at 63
1980 – Barbara Pym, English novelist (b. 1913)
1981 – Beulah Bondi, actress (It’s a Wonderful Life), dies at 88
1983 – Nikolaj V Podgorny, president USSR, dies at 79
1983 – Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist and educator (b. 1894)
1984 – Fritz Geissler, composer, dies at 62
1984 – Jack La Rue, TV narrator (Lights Out), dies at 81
1985 – Sir William McKell, Premier of New South Wales, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1891)
1986 – Sid Chaplin, UK novelist (b. 1916)
1987 – Albert Ferber, Swiss-English pianist (b. 1911)
1988 – Gregory (Pappy) Boyington, ace WW II pilot, dies at 75 of cancer
1988 – Isidor Isaac Rabi, nuclear physicist (Nobel Prize-1944), dies at 89
1988 – Florence Knapp, American, one-time oldest person in the world (b. 1873)
1990 – Mary Jane Carr, actress (Forbidden Trail, Second Wife), dies
1991 – Jason Christmas, dies of gunshot wound during robbery in NY at 49
1991 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist, Nobel laureate, dies at 85
1993 – Lacey Fosburgh, author (Closing Time), dies of breast cancer at 50
1994 – John Bradley, raised US flag at Iwo Jima, dies at 70
1994 – Roger “Ram” Ramirez, jazz piano player/composer, dies at 80
1994 – Helmut Poppendick, Nazi physician (b. 1902)
1995 – Adrian J “Ad” Kaland, Dutch MP (CDA 1977-93), dies at 72
1995 – John AG Gere, English art historian (Raphael & his Circle), dies at 73
1995 – Onat Kutlar, Turkish screenplay/producer (Hazal), murdered at 59
1995 – Willem N “Pim” Koot, pianist (Concert Building), dies at 76
1995 – Josef Gingold, Russian-American violinist (b. 1909)
1996 – Eric Hebborn, artist/faker, dies at 61
1996 – Harold Walter Bailey, philologist, dies at 96
1996 – Hubert Nicholson, poet/novelist, dies at 87
1996 – Ike Isaacs, guitarist, dies at 76
1997 – Cavan O’Connor, singer, dies at 97
1997 – Duncan Wood, television director/producer, dies at 71
1997 – Helen Foster Snow, writer, dies at 89
1997 – Joshua William Steward, polymath, dies at 83
1997 – Sheldon Leonard, producer/director (Dick Van Dyke), dies at 89
1998 – Klaus Tennstedt, conductor, dies at 71
1999 – Naomi Mitchison, Scottish novelist and poet (b. 1897)
1999 – Brian Moore, Irish-born writer (b. 1921)
1999 – Fabrizio de André, Italian singer (b. 1940)
2000 – Betty Archdale, Anglo-Australian educationalist and cricketer (b. 1907)
2000 – Ivan Combe, American inventor (b. 1911)
2000 – Bob Lemon, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians), dies at 79
2001 – Sir Denys Lasdun, English architect (b. 1914)
2001 – Michael Williams, British actor, husband of Judi Dench (b. 1935)
2002 – Henri Verneuil, French playwright and film director (b. 1920)
2002 – Struan Sutherland, Australian medical researcher (b. 1936)
2003 – Richard Simmons, American actor (b. 1913)
2003 – Maurice Pialat, French actor and director (b. 1925)
2003 – Mickey Finn, English drummer (T. Rex) (b. 1947)
2005 – Miriam Hyde, Australian composer (b. 1913)
2005 – Spencer Dryden, American drummer (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1938)
2005 – James Griffin, American musician (Bread) (b. 1943)
2005 – Fabrizio Meoni, Italian motorcyclist (b. 1957)
2006 – Markus Löffel (Mark Spoon), German DJ (b. 1966)
2006 – Nixzmary Brown, American child abuse victim (b. 1998)
2007 – Puchi Balseiro, Puerto Rican singer & songwriter (b. 1926)
2007 – Robert Anton Wilson, American author (b. 1932)
2007 – Solveig Dommartin, French-German actress (b. 1961)
2008 – Carl Karcher, founded the Carl’s Jr. hamburger chain (b. 1917)
2008 – Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer/1st to climb Mt Everest in 1953, dies from a heart attack at 88
2009 – David Vine, British sports broadcaster (b. 1936)
2010 – Miep Gies, Dutch Humanitarian, discoverer of Anne Frank’s diary (b. 1909)
2010 – Mick Green, British guitarist (b. 1944)
2010 – Joe Rollino, American strongman, weightlifter, and boxer (b. 1905)
2013 – Aaron H. Swartz, American computer programmer, dies from an apparent suicide at 26

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Today In The Past

 

 

Events

49 BC – Julius Caesar crosses the Rubiconsignaling the start of civil war.

 

 

 

 

 

69 – Roman emperor Galba adopts Marcus Piso Licinianus as Caesar

236 – St Fabian begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1072 – Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo

1356 – German emperor Charles I delegates Golden Degree

1429 – Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary & Spain

1475 – Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.

1514 – Complutensian New Testament in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek & Latin finished

1642 – King Charles I & family flee London for Oxford

1776 – “Common Sense” by Thomas Paine, published

1811 – Louisiana slaves rebell in 2 parishes

1845 – Poets Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning begin corresponding

1861 – Ft Jackson & Ft Philip are taken over by LA state troops

1861 – US forts & property seized by Mississippi

1861 – American Civil War: Florida becomes 3rd state to secedes from the Union.

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Big Sandy RiverKY (Middle Creek)

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Romney, WV

1863 – 1st underground railway opens in London

1863 – General McClernand’s Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark

1870 – John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

1878 – US Senate proposes female suffrage

1883 – Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt

1900 – Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown

1901 – Oil discovered in Texas

1910 – 1st international air meet in US held, in LA

1910 – Lunt-Fontanne Theater (Globe) opens at 205 W 46th St NYC

1911 – 1st photo in US taken from an airplane, San Diego

1912 – World’s 1st flying boat’s maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY)

1914 – Oscar Mathisen skates world record 500 m in 43.7 sec in Oslo

1920 – League of Nations established

1920 – Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce

1923 – Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)

 

 

 

1927 – Fritz Lang’s Metropolis premieres

 

 

 

 

 

1928 – Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky

1932 – “Mickey Mouse” & “Silly Symphony” comics syndicated

1941 – Joseph Kesselring’s “Arsenic & Old Lace,” premieres in NYC

1941 – Seyss-Inquart begins registration of Jews

1941 – World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.

1942 – Japan invades North-Celebes, Neth Indies

1943 – Russian offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad

1943 – 1st US pres to visit a foreign country in wartime-FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco

1944 – 1st mobile electric power plant delivered, Phila

1944 – British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma

1946 – 1st radar contact with Moon

1946 – UN General Assembly meets for 1st time (London)

1946 – US Army establishes 1st radar contact with Moon, Belmar, NJ

1947 – British stop ships Independence & In-Gathering from landing in Israel

1949 – 1st Jewish family show “Goldbergs” premieres on CBS

1949 – RCA introduces 45 RPM record

1951 – 1st jet passenger trip made

1951 – UN headquarters opens in Manhattan NY

1953 – Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish

1954 – Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to W H Auden

1956 – Elvis records “Heartbreak Hotel”

1957 – Anthony Eden resigns & Harold Macmillan becomes PM Britain

1958 – Jerry Lee Lewis’ “Great Balls of Fire” reaches #1 on the UK pop charts

1962 – 4,000 die in avalanche, Ranrahirca, Peru

1962 – Eruptions on Mount Huascaran in Peru destroy 7 villages & kill 3,500

1964 – Battles between moslems & hindus in Calcutta

1964 – Panama severs diplomatic relations with US

1966 – Julian Bond denied seat in Ga legislature for opposing Vietnam War

1967 – Edward Brooke, takes (Sen-R-Mass) seat as 1st popular elected black

1967 – Lester Maddox inaugurated as governor of Georgia

1967 – PBS (the National Educational TV) begins as a 70 station network

1968 – US Surveyor 7 lands near lunar crater Tycho

1969 – Sweden (1st Western country) recognizes North Vietnam

1969 – USSR’s Venera 6 launched for parachute landing on Venus

1972 – Triple album set “Concert for Bangladesh” released in UK

1973 – Gas tank on Staten Island explodes, 40 die

1978 – Soyuz 27 carring 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station, launched

1979 – 1st brother Billy Carter makes allegedly anti-Semitic remarks

1981 – El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens “general offensive”

1982 – Petra Schneider swims world record 1500 m freestyle (15:43.31)

1984 – Clara Peller 1st asks, “Where’s the Beef?”

1984 – US establishes full diplomatic relations with Vatican after 117 years

1985 – Daniel Ortega Saavedra inaugurated as president of Nicaragua

1986 – Palau signs Compact of Free Association with US

1990 – China lifts martial law (imposed after Tiananmen Square massacre)

1990 – NCAA approves random drug testing for college football players

1991 – Japan ends routine fingerprinting of all adult ethnic Koreans

1991 – US Congress begins debate on Persian Gulf crisis

1994 – Trial of Lorena Bobbitt who cut off her husband’s penis, begins

1994 – Ukraine says it will give up world’s 3rd largest nuclear arsenal

1996 – Israel frees hundreds of Palestinian prisoners

1997 – 1st Comet of 1997 Discovered: Comet 1997 A1

1997 – 4,000th episode of “Entertainment Tonight”

1997 – Dow Corning provides $295 billion to settle breast implant suits

1999 – Fatboy Slim (Norman Cook) achieves his third UK No.1 single with ‘Praise You’

2001 – A large piece of the chalk cliff at Beachy Head collapses into the sea.

2005 – A mudslide occurs in La Conchita, California, killing 10 people, injuring many more and closing the Highway 101, the main coastal corridor between San Francisco and Los Angeles, for 10 days.

 

 

 

Births

1480 – Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands (d. 1530)

1502 – Hendrik Niclaes, German/Dutch merchant/cult leader (Children of God)

1538 – Louis of Nassau, Dutch general (d. 1574)

1573 – Simon Marius, German astronomer (d. 1624)

1607 – Isaac Jogues, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1646)

1628 – Jan Theunisz Blanckerhoff, [Jan Maet], seascape painter)

1638 – Nicolas Steno, Danish Scientist and Bishop (d. 1686)

1644 – Louis Boufflers, marshall of France

 

 

 

1738 – Ethan AllenRevolutionary War fighter (lead the Green Mtn Boys)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1769 – Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo)

1780 – M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist

1797 – Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (d. 1848)

1812 – Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (d. 1881)

1815 – Alexander Brydie Dyer, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1874

1815 – Thomas Williams, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1825 – Alexander Travis Hawthorn, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1836 – Charles Ingalls, father of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1902)

1843 – Frank James, American outlaw (d. 1915)

1850 – John Wellborn Root, American architect (d. 1891)

1855 – Peter J Blok, Dutch historian (History of the Dutch People)

1864 – George Washington Carver, agricultural scientist [or Jul 12]

1864 – Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich (d. 1931)

1865 – Mary Ingalls, sister of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1928)

1877 – Frederick Gardner Cottrell, inventor (elecrostatic precipitator)

1883 – Francis X Bushman, Norfolk VA, silent film actor (Ben Hur)

1888 – Grock, Switzerland, clown

1890 – Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (d. 1957)

 

 

 

1893 – Albert JackaAustralian soldierfirst Australian World War I Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)

 

 

 

 

 

1898 – Sergei M Eisenstein, Russian director (Alexandr Nevski) [OS]

1904 – Ray Bolger, Dorchester Mass, actor/dancer (Wizard of Oz)

1908 – Bernard Lee, London, English actor (M in James Bond movies)

1910 – Dorothy Stroud, garden historian

1916 – Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)

1917 – Jerry Wexler, music producer (Aretha Franklin/Bob Dylan)

1921 – Rodger Ward, American race car driver (d. 2004)

1925 – Maxwell Roach, composer

1928 – Donald Brooks, fashion designer (Emmy 1983)

1930 – Byron “Wild Child” Gipson, blues singer

1930 – Roy Edward Disney, American film executive and CEO of Disney

1931 – Ron Galella, celebrity photographer (sued by Jackie O)

1935 – Ronnie Hawkins, American musician

1936 – Burnum Burnum, Australian Aboriginal activist, actor, author and dreamer (d. 1997)

1936 – Stephen Ambrose, American historian (d. 2002)

1936 – Robert Woodrow Wilson, American physicist and radio astronomer, Nobel laureate

1936 – Al Goldstein, American publisher and pornographer

1937 – Thomas Penfield Jackson, American judge

1938 – Ivan Twigden, English contractor/multi-millionaire (Twigden PLC)

1938 – Willie “Stretch” McCovey, 1st baseman (SF Giant #44)

1938 – Donald Knuth, American mathematician and computer scientist

1939 – Bill Toomey, Phila Pa, decathelete (Olympic-gold-68)

1939 – Sal Mineo, NYC, actor (Exodus, Rebel Without a Cause)

1939 – David Horowitz, American author and political commentator

1940 – Harry Gant, NASCAR driver

1942 – Aleksandr Yakovlevich Petrushenko, Russia, cosmonaut

1942 – Walter Hill, director (48 Hours, Extreme Prejudice)

 

 

 

1943 – Jim CroceAmerican singer (d. 1973)

 

I Got a Name

Operator

Workin’ At The Car Wash Blues

Bad bad Leroy Brown

 

 

 

 

1944 – Frank Sinatra Jr, Jersey City NJ, American singer/bandleader (Golddigers)

1944 – Rory Byrne, South African racing car designer

1945 – Rod Stewart, London, British singer (Maggie Mae, Do You Think I’m Sexy)

1946 – Alexis Nihon Jr, Bahamas, wrestler (Olympics-1968)

1946 – Aynsley Dunbar, rocker (Journey, Jefferson Starship)

1946 – Bob Lang, rock bassist (Wayne Fontana & The Mindbenders)

1947 – George Alec Effinger, US, sci-fi author (Nick of Time)

1947 – Afeni Shakur, mother of Tupac “2Pac” Shakur, member of the Black Panther Party

1948 – Cyril Neville, US singer/percussionist (Neville Bros-Yellow Moon)

1948 – Donald Fagen, Passaic NJ, rock vocalist/keyboardist (Steely Dan-Peg)

1948 – William Sanderson, Memphis Tenn, actor (Larry-Newhart, Blade Runner)

1949 – George Foreman, Houston Tx, world HW boxing champ (1973-74, 95)

1949 – Teresa Graves, Houston Tx, actress (Laugh-in, Get Christie Love)

1949 – Walter S Browne, US chess champion (1974-78, 1980-84)

1949 – James Lapine, American stage director

1953 – Bobby Rahal, Indy-car racer (over 15 wins)

1953 – Pat Benatar, [Andrezejewski], Bkln NY, singer (Hell Is for Children)

1958 – Shawn Colvin, singer/guitarist

1958 – Anatoly Pisarenko, Soviet weightlifter

1959 – Chandra Cheesborough, Jacksonville Fla, 4X100 runner (Olympic-gold-84)

1959 – Don Letts, rocker (Big Audio Dynamite)

1959 – Kirk & Curtwood, musician (Meat Puppets)

1961 – Nadja Salerni-Sonnenberg, Rome Italy, concert violinist

1964 – Karen Josephson, Bristol Ct, synchronized swimmer (Olympic-gold-1992)

1964 – Sarah Josephson, Bristol Ct, synchronized swimmer (Olympic-gold-1992)

1967 – Trini Alvarado, actor (Frighteners)

1967 – Johan Laats, Belgian judoka

1968 – Lyle Menendez, NY, accused of killing his parents (Menendez Brothers)

1969 – Doug E Doug, rapper/comedian (Operation Dumbo Drop, Jungle Fever)

1969 – Juanita Clayton, Manitou Manitoba, softball catcher (Olympics-96)

1970 – Cameron MacKenzie, Australian 100m/200m/400m (Olympics-96)

1971 – Guylaine Cloutier, Levis QUE, 100m breaststroke swimmer (Oly-4-92, 96)

1973 – Glenn Robinson, Gary In, NBA forward (Milw, Olympics-gold-96)

1975 – Shannon Kavanaugh, Boston Mass, rocker (Ivory Soul)

1979 – Chris H E Smith, [Daddy Mack], Atlanta, rapper (Kris Kross-Warm it Up)

1983 – Danilo Dirani, Brazilian racing driver

1983 – Li Nina, Chinese aerial free-style skier

1986 – Saleisha Stowers, American model

 

 

Deaths

681 – Agatho, Sicilian pope (678-81), dies

866 – Lin-chi I-hsuan, [J Rinzai Gigen], Zen teacher, dies

976 – John I Tzimisces/Tzimiskes, Byzantine Emperor (969-76), dies at 51

1094 – Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (b. 1029)

1271 – Otto II, the Lame, earl of Gelre, dies

1276 – Pope Gregory X, (Tedaldo Visconti), dies. (bc. 1210)

1542 – Gerardus Noviomagus, [Gerrit Geldenhauer], Dutch theologist, die at 59

1645 – William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, beheaded, for treason, in the Tower of London at 71

1654 – Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist, herbalist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)

1698 – Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (b. 1637)

1754 – Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (b. 1691)

1761 – Edward Boscawen, British admiral (b. 1711)

1768 – Charles Cressent, French court furniture maker, dies at 82

1778 – Carolus Linaeus “Carl von Linne”, Swedish botanist/explorer, dies at 70

1789 – Pierre Lyonet, Dutch zoologist/cryptologist, dies at 82

1794 – Georg Forster, German scientist and revolutionary (d. 1754)

1851 – Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)

 

 

 

1862 – Samuel ColtAmerican inventor (6 shot revolver), dies at 47

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)

1883 – Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American medical doctor (b. 1833)

 

 

 

1917 – Buffalo Bill Cody ,US , Soldier ,Hunter , Showman

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – Edwin H Flack, English 800/1500m runner (Oly-gold-1896), dies at 60

1941 – Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian, murdered at 67

1943 – J Arthur S Berson, Austrian meteorologist, dies at 83

1949 – Erich von Drygalski, German geographer, geophysicist, and polar scientist (b. 1865)

1951 – Sinclair Lewis, writer, (Nobel 1930), dies at 65 

1951 – Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist (b. 1890)

1961 – Dashiell Hammett, US detective writer (Thin Man, Maltese Falcon), dies at 66 

1970 – Pavel Ivanovich Belyayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Voskhod II), dies at 44

1971 – Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel, French fashion designer, dies at 87

 

 

 

1976 – Chester Arthur “Howlin’ Wolf ” BurnettUS blues guitarist/harmonica playerdies at 65

 

 

How Many More Years

Back Door Man

Smokestack Lightning

Little Red Rooster

 

 

 

 

1978 – John D Rockefeller III, US billionaire/philanthropist, dies at 71

1978 – Pedro Joaquín Chamorro, of La Prensa, assassinated in Managua

1978 – Zeb Turner, country-rock performer (Chew Tobacco Rag), dies at 62

1980 – George Meany, labor leader, dies at 86

1981 – Richard Boone, actor (Paladin-Have Gun Will Travel), dies at 63

1982 – Paul Lynde, comedian (Uncle Arthur-Bewitched), dies at 55

1986 – Joseph Kraft, US columnist, dies at 61

1987 – Sir David Robinson, English philanthropist and entrepreneur (b. 1904)

1989 – Colin Winchester, Australian Assistant Police Commissioner, murdered (b. 1933)

1992 – Roberto Bonomi, Argentine racing driver (b. 1919)

1993 – Diana Adams, ballerina, dies

1993 – Noorjahan Begum, “adulterous” wife in Bangladesh, stoned to death

1994 – Charles “Chub” Feeney, baseball pres (National League), dies at 72

1995 – Souphanouvong, leader of Pathet Lao (1957), dies

1996 – Alexander Robertus, organic chemist, dies at 88

1996 – Arthur Sydney Martin, spycatcher, dies at 81

1997 – Hilary Grover Barratt Brown, conservationist, dies at 71

2000 – Sam Jaffe, American producer (b. 1901)

2004 – Spalding Gray, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)

2004 – Alexandra Ripley, American author (b. 1934)

2005 – Kalevi Hämäläinen, Finnish cross country skier (b. 1932)

2005 – Erwin Hillier, British cinematographer (b. 1911)

2007 – Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (b. 1912)

2007 – Bradford Washburn, American explorer (b. 1910)

2008 – Christopher Bowman, American figure skater (b. 1967)

2008 – Maila Nurmi, aka Vampira, Finnish-born American actress (b. 1921)

2008 – Mikhail Minin, Russian Soviet soldier (b. 1922)

2009 – William Frederick “Bill” Stone, British World War I veteran (b. 1900)

2011 – Margaret Whiting, American singer (b. 1924)

2012 – Gregor Vartanian, Soviet intelligence agent, dies at 87

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

475 – Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople.

1296 – Earl Floris V signs accord with French king

1317 – Phillips V, the Tall, crowned king of France

1349 – 700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses

1431 – Judges’ investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.

1493 – 1st sight of manatees (by Christopher Columbus)

1558 – Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland

1570 – Tsar Ivan the terrible kills 1000-2000 residents of Novgorod

1718 – France declares war on Spain

1760 – Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat

1768 – Philip Astley stages the first modern circus in London.

1788 – Connecticut becomes 5th state

1793 – 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard

1799 – British Prime Minister William Pitt introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon.

1806 – Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul’s Cathedral.

1811 – 1st Women’s Golf Tournament held

1839 – Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science

1839 – Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)

1848 – 1st commercial bank in SF established

1848 – People’s uprising in Palermo Sicily

1854 – Astor Library opens in NYC

1855 – Clipper Guiding Star disappears in Atlantic, 480 dead

1858 – Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.

 

 

 

1861 – 1st hostile act of Civil WarStar of West fired onSumter, SC

 

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Mississippi becomes 2nd state to secede

 

 

 

1863 – -Jan 11thBattle of Arkansas PostAR (Ft Hindman)

 

 

 

 

 

1879 – Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson

1880 – 6′ (1.8 meters) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days

1880 – The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.

1894 – “Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze” released in movie theaters

1894 – New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.

1903 – Wind Cave National Park, SD established

1903 – – Frank Farrell & Bill Devery purchase AL Balt franchise for $18,000 & move it to NYC (Yankees)

1905 – Bloody Sunday-demonstrators fired on by tsarist troops (1/22 NS)

1909 – Ernest Shackleton reaches 88°23′ south

1912 – US marines invade Honduras

1916 – The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.

1917 – World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.

1923 – Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro (helicopter) flight, Spain

1927 – Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal, 78 children died

 

 

 

1936 – Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army , M1 Garand

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – 2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium

1941 – 6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest Romania

1941 – Maiden flight by Canada’s British-built Avro Lancaster military plane

1942 – Joe Louis KOs Buddy Baer in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1942 – US Joint Chiefs of Staff created

1945 – US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

1947 – Elizabeth “Betty” Short, the Black Dahlia, is last seen alive.

1952 – Karel Sys wins European heavyweight boxing title

1952 – Marines give notice that they will recall Ted Williams to active duty

1953 – Bevo Francis, Rio Grande College, scores 116 pts in basketball game

1953 – Korean ferryboat “Chang Tyong-Ho” sank off Pusan killing 249

1956 – Abigail Van Buren’s “Dear Abby” column 1st appears in newspapers

1957 – British premier Anthony Eden resigns

1958 – In basketball Oscar Robertson (Cin) scores 56, Seton Hall team 54

1959 – “Rawhide” with Clint Eastwood premieres on CBS TV

1960 – Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins

1962 – NFL prohibits grabbing of face masks

1964 – Anti-US rioting broke out in Panama Canal Zone

1968 – Surveyor 7 space probe soft lands on Moon

1969 – 1st trial flight of Concorde

1969 – Concorde jetliner’s 1st test flight (Bristol England)

1972 – Billionaire Howard Hughes says Clifford Irving’s bio is a fake

 

 

 

1972 – Passenger ship Queen Elizabeth destroyed by fire

 

 

 

 

 

1973 – Luna 21 launched, to Moon

1976 – CW McCall CB song “Convoy” hit #1 on the country music charts

1977 – Superbowl XI: Oakland Raiders beat Minnesota Vikings, 32-14 in Pasadena Superbowl MVP: Fred Biletnikoff, Oakland, WR

1979 – K-Mart pulls Steve Martin’s “Let’s Get Small” for being in “bad taste”

1979 – Supreme Court strikes down (6-3) PA law requiring doctors performing an abortion to try to preserve lives of potentially viable fetuses

1980 – 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia

1982 – 5.9 earthquake in New England & Canada; 1st since 1855

1983 – British PM Margaret Thatcher visits Falkland Islands

1984 – “TV’s Bloopers & Practical Jokes” premieres on NBC TV (Whoops)

1986 – After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak must give up its instant camera business.

1987 – Chinese/Vietnamese border fights, 1500 killed

1988 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano

1989 – Johnny Bench & Carl Yastrzemski elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1990 – Jim Palmer & Joe Morgan elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1990 – Supreme Court strikes down Dallas’ ordinance imposing strict zoning on sexually oriented businesses

1991 – Baseball officially bans Pete Rose from being elected to Hall of Fame

1991 – Dean Smith of NC is 6th to win 700 career coaching basketball games

1993 – Franziska van Almsick swims world record 100 m free style (53.33)

1994 – Gunda Niemann skates world record (167.282 pts)

1994 – Rintje Ritsma skates world record (156.201 points)

1995 – Worker accidentally cuts electrial wires at Newark Airport

1996 – First episode of “Third Rock from the Sun” screened on NBC

1997 – Heart attacks sends Frank Sinatra back to hospital

1998 – Anatoly Solovyov & Pavel Vinogradov spacewalk record 3 hrs 8 mins

2001 – Shenzhou 2, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft, is launched.

2001 – Apple announced iTunes at the Macworld Expo in San Francisco, for organizing and playing digital music and videos. Now widely used by Windows and Mac users.

2007 – Apple Inc CEO, Steve Jobs announces the iPhone.

 

 

 

Births

1554 – Gregory XV, [Alessandro Ludovisi], pope (1621-23)

1571 – Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (d. 1621)

1620 – Johann Weichmann, composer

1624 – Empress Meishō (d. 1696)

1745 – Caleb Strong, 6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)

1773 – Cassandra Austen, English watercolorist and sister of Jane Austen (d. 1845)

1803 – Christopher Gustavus Memminger, Secy Treas (Confederacy) died in 1888

1816 – John Palmer Usher, Secy Int (Union) died in 1889

1822 – John Porter Hatch, volunteers Bvt Major General (Union), died in 1901

1839 – John Knowles Paine, Portland Maine, composer

 

 

 

1854 – Jennie JeromeAmerican society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill (d. 1921)

 

 

 

 

 

1859 – Carrie Chapman Catt, women’s rights leader

1864 – Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)

1868 – S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist (d. 1939)

1870 – Joseph B Strauss, civil engineer/builder (Golden Gate Bridge)

1873 – Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Hebrew poet (d. 1934)

1875 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (d. 1942)

1881 – Edouard Beaupré, horse lifter (d. 1904)

1890 – Karel Capek, Czech, writer (R U R); coined the word “robot”

1898 – Gracie Fields, [Stansfield], England, music hall/vaudeville performer

1898 – Vilma Banky, Budapest Hungary, silent screen actress (Eagle, Rebel)

1898 – Wally Baker, American supercentenarian

1900 – Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)

1901 – Chic Young, cartoonist (Blondie)

1902 – Rudolph Bing, opera manager (NY Metropolitan Opera)

1908 – Simone de Beauvoir, France, author (Mandarins, 2nd Sex)

1912 – Ralph Tubbs, architect

1913 – Lavad “Dr Hepcat” Durst, vocal/piano

1913 – Peter John Norton, naval diplomat/artist

 

 

 

1913 – Richard NixonYorba LindaCalifornia37th President (Rof the United States (1969-74)

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – Derek Allhusen, England, equestrian (Olympic-gold-1968)

1914 – Gypsy Rose Lee, [Rose Hovick], Seattle, burlesque actress (Gypsy)

1914 – Kenny [Klook] Clarke, Pittsburgh, jazz/drummer, composer (Epistrop)

1915 – Anita Louise, NYC, actress (My Friend Flicka)

1915 – Fernando Lamas, Buenos Aires Argentina, actor (“You look marvelous”)

1916 – Vic Mizzy, Bkln NY, orchestra leader (Don Rickles Show)

1917 – Herbert Lom, Czech, actor (Pink Panther Strikes Again, Dorian Gray)

1922 – Har G Khorana, India/Canada bio-chemist (Nobel 1968)

1925 – Lee Van Cleef, NJ, actor (For a Few Dollars More, Escape from NY)

1928 – Judith Krantz, NYC, author (Scruples, Princess Daisy, Dazzle)

1929 – Dorothea Puente, American serial killer

1931 – Algi[rda]s [Jonas] Budrys, Prussia, sci-fi author (Man of Earth)

1933 – Wilbur Smith, Zambian-British novelist

1934 – Bart Starr, NFL quarterback/coach (Green Bay)

1935 – Bob Denver, New Rochelle NY, actor (Dobie Gillis, Gilligan’s Island)

1935 – Dick Enberg, Mt Clemens Mich, sportscaster (Where’s Huddles)

 

 

 

1935 – Kenneth “Buddy” Scottblues guitarist/Singer

 

Buddy Scott & The Rib Tips – Chicago Blues Festival

The Greasey Spoon

 

 

 

 

1935 – Bob Denver, American actor (d. 2005)

1940 – Al Downing, American singer (d. 2005)

1941 – Joan Baez, Staten Island, folk singer/human rights advocate

1941 – Susannah York, London, actress (A Man for All Seasons, Tom Jones)

1942 – K Callan, Dallas Tx, actress (Joe’s World, Martha-Lois & Clark)

1942 – Lee Kun-hee, Korean industrialist, chairman of Samsung

1943 – Rob Hoeke, Dutch pianist/singer (Drinking on My Bed)

 
1944 – Jimmy PageLondonrock guitarist (Led Zeppelin-Stairway to Heaven)

 

50 Years of Jimmy Page

Heartbreaker Solo

The Yardbirds – Dazed And Confused

Led Zeppelin – Live at the Royal Albert Hall 1970

 


1945 – Frank J Biondi Jr, president (HBO)

1948 – Bill Cowsill, Newport RI, rock guitarist/vocals (Cowsills-We Can Fly)

1948 – Paul King, Dagenham Essex, English rocker (Blue Oyster Cult)

1950 – David Johansen, [Buster Poindexter], NY, singer (Hot! Hot! Hot!)

1951 – Crystal Gayle, Ky, country singer (Don’t It Make My Brown Eyes Blue)

1954 – Lance Hoppens, rocker (Orleans-Still the One, Dance With Me)

1958 – Mehmet Ali Ağca, Turkish attempted assassin of Pope John Paul II

1958 – Stephen Neale, British philosopher

1959 – Mark Martin, American race car driver

1959 – Rigoberta Menchú, Nobel Peace Prize laureate

1962 – Phil Lewis, London England, rock vocalist (LA Guns-It’s Over Now)

1965 – Carin Garbarra, East Orange NJ, soccer forward (Olympics-96)

1965 – Cindy Brooks, East Hampton CT, rower (Olympics-96)

1967 – Dave Matthews, singer/musician (Dave Matthews Band)

1967 – Steven Harwell, American singer and musician (Smash Mouth)

1968 – Joey Lauren Adams, American actress

1970 – Lara Fabian, Belgian singer

1971 – Elizabeth Punsalan, Syracuse NY, American ice skater (Oly-15-94)

1971 – Daniel Dumile, American hip hop artist

1972 – Angie Martinez, American radio and television personality

1975 – Justin Huish, Fountain Valley CA, archer (Olympics-gold-1996)

1975 – Mariano Friedick, Tarzana California, pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96)

1975 – Kimberley Ann Scott Mathers, former wife of Eminem

1976 – Amy Safe, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1976 – Todd Grisham, American professional wrestling interviewer

1978 – AJ McLean, American singer (Backstreet Boys)

1978 – Maggie Rizer, American model and AIDS activist

1982 – Kate Middleton, Reading, England, Duchess of Cambridge and wife of Prince William

1987 – Sam Bird, English racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

1150 – Emperor Xizong of Jin was murdered by Prince Hailing of Jin in a Coup d’état.

1282 – Abû ‘Uthmân Sa’îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (b. 1204)

1283 – Wen Tianxiang, Prime Minister of China (executed) (b. 1236)

1499 – Johan Cicero, elector of (Brandenburg, 1486-99), dies at 43

1543 – Guillaume du Bellay, French diplomat and general (b. 1491)

1562 – Amago Haruhisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1514)

1571 – Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French naval officer (b. 1510)

1757 – Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)

1757 – Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician (b. 1688)

1766 – Thomas Birch, British historian (b. 1705)

1799 – Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)

1800 – Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)

 

 

 

1805 – Noble Wimberly JonesAmerican Continental Congressman (b. 1723)

 

 

 

 

1843 – Caroline Herschel, “1st lady of astronomy”, dies at 98 in Germany

1843 – William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)

1848 – Caroline Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1750)

1858 – Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (suicide) (b. 1798)

1873 – Emperor Napoleon III of France (b. 1808)

1876 – Samuel Gridley Howe, American abolitionist (b. 1801)

1878 – Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), dies at 57

1879 – Don Joaquin BF Espartero, fieldmarshall/viceroy of Navarra, dies at 86

1893 – Mohara, Arab ivory/slave trader, dies in battle & is eaten

1895 – Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)

1902 – Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian lawyer/Interior minister, dies at 66

1923 – Katherine Mansfield, NZ/British writer (Dove’s Nest), dies at 34

1941 – Ko Boezeman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies

1947 – Lambertus Zijl, sculptor (Merchant Exchange-Amsterdam), dies at 80

1961 – Emily Greene Balch, American writer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1867)

1975 – Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (b. 1901)

1977 – Hal Sawyer, TV host (Sawyer Views Hollywood), dies at 62

1979 – Sara Carter, vocalist/guitarist (Carter Family), dies at 80

1979 – Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (b. 1891)

1982 – Paul Lynde, actor (Bye Bye Birdie, Bewitched), dies at 55

1985 – Robert Mayer, British businessman and philanthropist (b. 1879)

1990 – Sir Edward McTiernan, Australian jurist, lawyer and politician (b. 1892)

1993 – Felix Grucci, fireworks expert, dies of Alzheimer’s disease at 87

 

 

1994 – Silas Hoganblues singer/guitaristdies at 82

 

I’m Goin’ in the Valley

Airport Blues

Hoodooman Blues

 

 

 

 

1995 – Peter Cook, English comic/actor (Peter n’ Dud, Bedazzled), dies at 57

1996 – Kurt Schmucker, German RFA minister of Economy (1963-66), dies

1998 – Kenichi Fukui, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79

2001 – Maurice Prather, American photographer (b. 1926)

2003 – Will McDonough, American sports journalist (b. 1935)

2006 – Andy Caldecott, Australian motorcycle racer (b. 1964)

2007 – Elmer Symons, South African motorcycle racer (b. 1977)

2012 – Bridie Gallagher, Irish singer, dies at 87

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

624 – Battle of Badr, Muslim forces defeats Meccan Caravan

 

 

 

794 – Vikings attacked Lindisfarne Islandfirst attack upon UK soil)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

871 – Battle at AshdownEthelred’s army , led by Alfred the Great  beats Danish invasion army

 

Alfred the Great at the Battle of Ashdown, 871 (1913). Artist: Morris Meredith Williams

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1198 – Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III

1214 – Earl Ferrand of Flanders drops ties with France

1297 – Monaco gains its independence.

1558 – French troops under duke de Guise occupy Calais

1598 – Jews are expelled from Genoa, Italy

1656 – Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)

1675 – 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)

1746 – Bonnie Prince Charlie’s troops occupy Stirling [NS=Jan 19]

1760 – Comet C/1760 A1 (Great comet) approaches within 0.0682 AUs of Earth

 

 

 

1790 – 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address

 

 

 

 

 

 

1798 – 11th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed

1800 – Austrians defeat French in 2nd battle of Novi

1800 – Wild Boy of Aveyron discovered in southern France

1806 – Lewis & Clark find skeleton of 105′ blue whale in Oregon

1811 – Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast

 

 

 

1815 – Battle of New Orleans-War of 1812 ended 12/24/1814 but nobody knew

 

 

 

 

 

1833 – Boston Academy of Music, 1st US music school, established

 

 

 

1835 – The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time.

 

 

 

 

 

1838 – 1st telegraph message sent using dots & dashes (NJ)

1848 – Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia

1853 – 1st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Wash

1856 – Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, Calif

 

 

1863 – American Civil WarSecond Battle of Springfield

 

 

 

 

 

1867 – Legislation gives suffrage to DC blacks, despite President Johnson’s veto

1867 – African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.

 

 

1877 – Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).

 

 

 

 



 

 

1889 – Dr Herman Hollerith receives 1st US patent for a mechanical tabulating machine

1894 – Columbus World’s fair in Chicago destroyed by fire

1897 – Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship

1904 – Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen

1906 – A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.

1912 – The African National Congress is founded.

1916 – World War I: Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli.

1918 – Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition)

1918 – Pres Wilson outlines his 14 points for peace after WW I

1925 – 1st all-female US state supreme court appointed, Texas

1926 – Abdul-Aziz ibn Sa’ud becomes king of Hejaz; renames it Saudi Arabia

1935 – Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy

1937 – -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)

1940 – Britain’s 1st WW II rationing (bacon, butter & sugar)

1941 – British Air Marshal Richard Peirse resigns

1947 – Gen George Marshall becomes Sect of State

1951 – Thought extinct since 1615, a Cahow is rediscovered in Bermuda

1954 – Elvis Presley pays $4 to a Memphis studio & records his 1st two songs, “Casual Love” & “I’ll Never Stand in Your Way”

1955 – Furman sets NCAA basketball single-game scoring record with 154 pt

1955 – Georgia Tech ends Kentucky’s 130-game home basketball win streak

1956 – Elvis Presley’s “Don’t Be Cruel/Hound Dog,” single goes to #1 & stays #1 for a record 11 weeks (for a single)

1956 – Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.

1958 – Cuban revolutionary forces capture Havana

1959 – Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as pres of France’s 5th Republic

1963 – “Mona Lisa,” on loan, unveiled in America’s National Gallery of Art

1964 – President Lyndon B Johnson declares “War on Poverty”

1965 – Star of India returned to American Museum of Natural History

1966 – Who & the Kinks perform on the last “Shindig” TV show on ABC

 

 

 

1968 – Jacques Cousteau’s 1st undersea special on US network TV

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – 29 pilot whales beach themselves & die at San Clemente Island, Calif

1971 – Voyageurs National Park, Minn established

1973 – Secret peace talks between US & North Vietnam resumed near Paris

1973 – USSR launches Luna 21 for Moon landing

1974 – Gold hits record $126.50 an ounce in London

1974 – Loch Ness Monster photographed

1974 – Silver hits record $3.40 an ounce in New York

1975 – Judge Sirica orders release of Watergate’s John W Dean III, Herbert W Kalmbach & Jeb Stuart Magruder from prison

 

 

1979 – 51 die as oil tanker Betelgeuse blows up at Bantry Bay 

 



 

 

1979 – Vietnamese troops overtook Khmer Rouge & occupy Phnom Penh

1982 – AT&T agrees to divest itself of 22 Bell System companies

1982 – Johnny Cash Parkway opens in Hendersonville Tennessee

1982 – Justice Dept withdraws antitrust suit against IBM, pending since

1985 – Japan launches Sakigake space probe to Halley’s Comet

1986 – Willie McCovey is 16th elected to Hall of Fame in his 1st year

1987 – Dow Jones closes above 2,000 for 1st time (2,002.25)

1988 – Dow Jones down 140.58 points

1988 – Hewlett-Packard introduces HP-28S Advanced Scientific Calculator

1988 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Debi Thomas

1989 – Boeing 737-400 crashes in England, 46 die

1989 – Soviet Union promises to eliminate stockpiles of chemical weapons

1992 – George Bush gets ill & vomits on Japanese prime minister’s lap

1993 – Elvis Presley Commemorative Postage Stamp goes on sale

1996 – Blizzard buries eastern US causing at least 50 deaths

1996 – For 1st time in 25 years no one is elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1998 – Unabomber suspect Theodore Kaczynski asks to act as his own lawyer

1998 – World Trade Center bomber Ramzi Ahmed Yousef sentenced to life

2002 – President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act.

2004 – The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, is christened by her namesake’s granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.

2008 – New Jersey officially apologizes for slavery, becoming the first Northern state to do so.

2011 – Attempted assassination of Arizona congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona at a Safeway grocery store kills 6 and wounds 13, including Giffords

 

 

 

Births

1081 – Henry V, Roman German king/emperor (1098/1111-25)

 

 

 

1556 – Uesugi KagekatsuJapanese samurai and warlord (d. 1623)

 

 

 

 

 

1583 – Simon Episcopius, Dutch bishop/theologist

1587 – Johannes Fabricius, Denmark, astronomer (discovered sunspots)

1628 – Francois de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de Luxemburg, French soldier

1632 – Samuel, Freiherr von Pufendorf, German jurist

1635 – Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish Archbishop (d. 1709)

 

 

1786 – Nicholas Biddlemade 2nd bank of US 1st effective central bank

 


 

 

1792 – Lowell Mason, Medfield Mass, organist/composer (Zebulo)

1814 – Thomas Green, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1815 – George Webb Morell, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883

1815 – Lawrence Pike Graham, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905

1817 – John Selden Roane, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1867

 

 

 

1821 – James LongstreetConfederate general (1st Corps, ANV)(died 1904) (see UE Deaths 1/2/13)

 


 

 

1830 – Gouverneur Kemble Warren, Major Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1882

1836 – Fannie M Jackson, pioneer & educator, 1st US Black woman college grad

1843 – Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)

1852 – James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)

1860 – Nancy Jones, US black missionary in Africa

1862 – Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher/founder (Doubleday & Co)

1867 – Emily Green Balch, US, sociologist/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1946)

1868 – Frank Dyson, proved Einstein right about light bent by gravity

1885 – A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)

1888 – Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)

1888 – Matthew Moore, Irish-American actor (d. 1960)

1891 – Walter Bothe, Germany, subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)

1902 – Georgy M Malenkov, Stalin’s successor as head of CPSU, PM (1953-55)

1904 – Peter Arno, NYC, cartoonist (New Yorker)

1904 – Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)

1905 – Carl Gustav Hempel, German Logical Positivist philosopher

1911 – Butterfly McQueen, [Thelma], Tampa Fla, actress (Gone With the Wind)

1912 – José Ferrer, San Juan Puerto Rico, actor/director (Blood Tide, Dune)

1917 – Stanley Prager, NYC, comedian (College Bowl)

1920 – Hendrikus J Wittebold, civil servant/resistance fighter

 

 

1923 – Larry StorchNYCcomedian (F TroopLarry Storch Show)

 



 

 

1925 – James Saunders, English chemist/playwright (Ark)

1926 – Soupy Sales, [Milton Hines], NC, comedian (Soupy Sales Show)

1927 – Charles Tomlinson, British poet and translator

1928 – Sander Vanocur, Cleve Ohio, news anchor (NBC Weekend News)

1930 – Doreen Wilber, US, archer (Olympic-gold-1972)

1931 – Bill Graham, Germany, rock promoter (Fillmore)

1933 – Charles Osgood, NYC, news anchor (CBS Weekend News)

1934 – Jacques Anquetil, France, Tour de France bicycle racer (5-time winner)

1934 – Michael Grierson Jarrett, archaeologist

1934 – Alexandra Ripley, American writer (d. 2004)

 

 

 

1935 – Elvis Aaron PresleyTupelo Misssinger (Blue Suede ShoesHounddog)

 

 

One Night With You

Suspicious Minds

The Lady Loves Me

Gladys and Vernon Presley Interview

 

 

 

 

1935 – Jesse Garon Presley, stillborn twin brother of Elvis

1935 – Nolan Miller, Burkburnett Tx, fashion designer (Dynasty, Love Boat)

1936 – Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, Australian-born British scientist

1937 – Shirley Bassey, Cardiff Wales, singer (Goldfinger, Moonraker)

1938 – Bob Eubanks, Flint Mich, TV host (Newlywed Game)

1940 – Anthony Gaurdine, (Little Anthony & Imperials-Goin Out of My Head)

1940 – Little Anthony [Gourdine], rocker (& Imperials)

 

 

 

1941 – Graham ChapmanEnglandcomedian (Monty Python’s Flying Circus)

 

Graham Chapman Tribute

Best Of

 Graham Chapman interviewed 

 

 

 

1942 – Stephen Hawking, English physicist (Black Holes & Baby Universes)

1942 – Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich Zudov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 23)

1942 – Yvette Mimieux, Los Angeles California, American actress (Time Machine, Where the Boys Are)

1944 – Terry Brooks, US, sci-fi author (Sword of Shannara)

1945 – John Peters, rock drummer (Harpers Bizarre)

1946 – Robby Krieger, Los Angeles, California, American guitarist (Doors-Light My Fire)

1947 – David Bowie, [Jones], London, singer/actor (Major Tom, Ziggy Stardust)

1947 – Terry Sylvester, rocker (Hollies-You are the Air that I Breathe)

1951 – John McTiernan, Albany NY, actor (Predator, Die Hard, Medicine Man)

1952 – Lauri Walters, SF California, actress (8 is Enough, Harrad Experiment)

1958 – Rey Misterio, Sr., Mexican wrestler

1961 – Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese creator of Yu-Gi-Oh

1964 – Virgil Hill, Missouri, middleweight boxer (Olympic-silver-1984)

1967 – Hollis Conway, Chicago Ill, high jumper (Olympics-silv/bronze-88, 92)

1968 – Ami Dolenz, LA California, actress (General Hospital, Can’t Buy Me Love)

1968 – Mark Duane Croghan, Akron Ohio, 3k steeplechase (Olympics-5th-96)

1969 – R Kelly [Robert Sylvester Kelly], Chicago, Illinois, American R&B singer (I Wish I Could Fly)

1972 – Devlin Murphy, Honolulu Hawaii, canoe (alt-Olympics-96)

1973 – Mark Knight, English sound designer

1975 – DJ Clue, American DJ and producer

1976 – Brad Snyder, Ontario, shot putter (Olympics-96)

1977 – Pearl Amoah, Miss Universe-Ghana (1996)

1978 – Boris Avrukh, Israeli chess grandmaster

1979 – Sarah Polley, actress (Sweet Hereafter)

1979 – Sequoyah, chimpanzee (son of Washoe)

1982 – Gaby Hoffman, actress (Field of Dreams, Uncle Buck, Now & Then)

 

 

Deaths

482 – Severinus, German monastery founder/saint, dies

624 – Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces

1100 – Antipope Clement III (bc. 1029)

1107 – Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)

 

 

 

1324 – Marco PoloVenetian explorerdies at 69

 

 

 

 

 

1336 – Giotto di Bondone, Italian Renaissance painter, dies at about 71

1455 – Laurentius Justitianus, [Lorenzo Giustiniani], saint, dies at 73

1464 – Thomas Ebendorfer, Austrian historian (b. 1385)

1557 – Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (b. 1522)

1570 – Philibert de l’Orme, French architect (bc. 1510)

1642 – Galileo Galilei, Italian physicist/astronomer, dies at 77 in Italy

1775 – John Baskerville, English printer/type designer, dies at 68

1808 – Messenger, horse that sired many great trotters, dies

1811 – Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle of Kamperduin), dies at 58

 

 

 

1815 – Edward PakenhamEngl general (Battle of New Orleans), dies in battle

 

 

 

 

 

1825 – Eli Whitney, American inventor (b. 1765)

1842 – Viscount Pierre Cambronne, French General during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, dies at 71

1854 – William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (b. 1768)

1859 – Antoine GB Schayes, Belgian historian/archaeologist, dies at 50

1865 – Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (b. 1779)

1894 – Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, paleont (life of tapeworms), dies at 84

 

 

1901 – John BarryIrish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)

 

 

 

 

1916 – Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)

1922 – Charles R Young, colonel, dies at 58, in Lagos Nigeria

1934 – Alexandre Stavisky, French swindler, dies

1938 – Johnny Gruelle, Creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy (b. 1880)

1941 – Robert Baden-Powell, founder (Boy Scout movement), dies at 83

1943 – Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (b. 1919)

1944 – William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)

1945 – Jac[obus] P Thijsse, Dutch biologist (Omgang met planten), dies at 79

1945 – Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)

 

1950 – Joseph A SchumpeterAus/US economist/Minister of Financedies at 66

 

 

 

 

 

 

1950 – Joseph Issac Shneerson, Jewish Lubavitch Chabal leader, dies

1952 – Antonia Maury, discoverer (supergiant, giant & dwarf stars), dies

1953 – Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)

1958 – Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (b. 1883)

1976 – Chou En-lai, China’s PM (1949-76), dies of cancer in Beijing at 78

1980 – John Mauchly, American physicist (b. 1907)

1981 – Woody Chamblis, actor (Mr Lathrop-Gunsmoke), dies at 66

1983 – Gerhard Barkhorn, German fighter pilot (b. 1919)

1988 – Frank Pace Jr, US Secretary of Army (1950-53), dies at 76

1989 – Kenneth McMillan, actor (Malone, Concrete Beat), dies of heart attack at 56

 

 

 

1990 – Terry ThomasEngland  comic (Heroes), dies of Parkinson’s disease at 78

 

It’s A Mad Mad Mad Mad World

How To Murder Your Wife

I’m Alright Jack

 

 

 

 

1991 – Steve Clark, guitarist (Def Leppard-Hysteria), dies at 30

1992 – Johnny [Jan] Meijer, Dutch king of accordians (Body & Soul), dies

1992 – Menachim Begin, Israeli PM, dies at 78 of a heart attack

1993 – Asif Nawaz, Pakistani general, dies

1994 – Pat Buttram, actor (Haney-Green Acres), dies of kidney failure at 78

1995 – Carlos Monzon, [El Macho], Argentine medium weight boxing champ (1970-77), dies at 52

1996 – Francois Mitterrand, Pres of France (1981-95), dies of cancer at 79

1996 – Howard Taubman, American music and theater critic (b. 1907)

1997 – Jesse White, actor (Maytag repairman), dies at 77

1997 – Joseph George Handy Hendleman, musician, dies at 76

1997 – Ronald William Eastman, cinematographer, dies at 60

1998 – Walter Diemer, inventor (bubble gum 1928), dies of heart failure at 93

2000 – Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrianist (b. 1918)

2002 – Alexander Prochorow, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate (b. 1916)

2002 – Dave Thomas, American fast food entrepreneur (b. 1932)

2004 – John A. Gambling, American radio talk-show host (b. 1930)

2005 – Warren Spears, American choreographer and dancer

2006 – Tony Banks, British politician (b. 1943)

2007 – Jane Bolin, first African American female judge (b. 1908)

2007 – Iwao Takamoto, American animator (b. 1925)

2011 – Vang Pao, charismatic Laotian general who commanded a secret army of his mountain people in a long, losing campaign against Communist insurgents, dies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

754 – Pope Stefanus II arrives in Ponthion

1325 – Afonso IV succeeds Dionysius as King of Portugal

1558 – Calais, last English possession in France, retaken by French

1584 – Last day of the Julian calendar in Bohemia & Holy Roman empire

1598 – Boris Godunov seizes Russian throne on death of Feodor I

1601 – Robert, Earl of Essex leads revolt in London against Queen Elizabeth

 

 

 

1608 – Fire destroys JamestownVirginia

 

 

 

 

 

1610 – Galileo discovers 1st 3 Jupiter satellitesIoEuropa & Ganymede

 

 

 

 

 

1618 – Francis Bacon becomes English lord chancellor

1654 – Fire after heavy storm destroys 2/3 of De Rijp Neth, 1 dies

1714 – Typewriter patented by Englishman Henry Mill (built years later)

1782 – 1st US commercial bank, Bank of North America, opens in Philadelphia

1784 – 1st US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia

1785 – 1st balloon flight across English Channel (Blanchard & Jeffries)

1797 – The modern Italian flag is first used.

1817 – 2nd Bank of US opens

1822 – Liberia colonized by Americans

1830 – 1st US Railroad Station opens (Baltimore)

1835 – HMS Beagle anchors off Chonos Archipelago

1861 – Florida troops takeover Ft Marion at St Augustine

1862 – Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, WV

1868 – Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock

1868 – Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson

1890 – W B Purvis patents fountain pen

 

 

 

1892 – Mine explosion kills 100Krebs, Oklahoma-blacks trying to help rescue white survivorsdriven away with guns

 

 

 

 

 

1894 – Motion picture experiment of comedian Fred Ott filmed sneezing

1896 – Fanny Farmer publishes her 1st cookbook

1899 – Walter Camp publishes his 1st All-American football team in Collier’s

1904 – Marconi Co establishes “CQD” as 1st intl radio distress signal

1911 – 1st airplane bombing experiments with explosives, SF

1913 – William M Burton patents a process to “crack” petroleum

1914 – 1st steamboat passes through Panama Canal

1916 – German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun

1923 – Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan

1925 – Musical “Big Boy” with Al Jolson premieres in NYC

1927 – Coml transatlantic telephone service inaugurated between NY & London

1927 – Harlem Globetrotters play 1st game (Hinckley, Illinois)

1929 – “Buck Rogers,” 1st sci-fi comic strip, premieres

1929 – “Tarzan,” one of the 1st adventure comic strips, 1st appears

1931 – Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand’s west coast.

1934 – “Flash Gordon” comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts

1936 – Tennis champs Helen Moody & Howard Kinsley volley 2,001 times (1h18m)

 

 

 

1942 – WW II siege of Bataan starts

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighterthe Bell P-59

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Lord Haw-Haw reports total German victory at Ardennes

1946 – Cambodia becomes autonomous state inside French Union

1948 – US president Harry Truman raises taxes for Marshall-plan

1949 – 1st photo of genes taken at U of S California by Pease & Baker

1950 – Hank Snow’s 1st appearance on “Grand Ole Opry”

1950 – Mental health wing of Mercy Hospital burns, kills 41 (Davenport Ia)

 

 

 

1953 – Pres Harry Truman announces development of hydrogen bomb

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Georgetown-IBM experiment, the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held in New York at the head office of IBM.

1955 – Marian Anderson becomes 1st black singer to perform at Met (NYC)

1958 – USSR shrinks army to 300,000

1962 – Assassination attempt on Indonesian president Sukarno, fails

1963 – 1st class postage raised from 4 cents to 5 cents

1964 – Dick Weber rolls highest bowling game in air (Boeing 707)

1965 – France announces it will convert $150 million of its currency to gold

1967 – “Newlywed Game” premieres on ABC TV

1968 – 1st class postage raised from 5 cents to 6 cents

1969 – US Congress doubles president salary

1970 – Farmers sue Max Yasgur for $35,000 in damages caused by “Woodstock”

1971 – -40°F (-40°C), Hawley Lake, Ariz (state record)

1972 – Iberian Airlines crashes into 800′ peak on island of Ibiza, 104 die

1972 – Lewis F Powell Jr becomes a Supreme Court Justice

1972 – William Hubbs Rehnquist, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice

1973 – British Darts Organisation founded in North London

1979 – Vietnamese forces capture Phnom Penh from Khmer Rouge

1983 – Reagan ends US arms embargo against Guatemala

1984 – Brunei becomes the sixth member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

1985 – Lou Brock & Hoyt Wilhelm, elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame

1986 – STS 61-C mission scrubbed at T -9m because of weather problems

1986 – US president Reagan proclaims economic sanctions against Libya

1987 – French airplanes harass Libyan positions in Duadi Doum

1989 – Akhito becomes emperor of Japan

1989 – Intl Conference on Limitation of Chemical Weapons opens in Paris

1990 – Lynn Jennings runs world record 5K indoor at 15:22.64

1990 – Tower Of Pisa closed to the public after leaning too far

1992 – AT&T releases video-telephone ($1,499)

1992 – Tom Seaver & Rollie Fingers elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame

1993 – The Fourth Republic of Ghana is inaugurated with Jerry Rawlings as President.

1994 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Tonya Harding

1997 – Newt Gingrich, narrowly re-elected speaker of the House

1998 – Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky signs affidavit denying she had an affair with President Bill Clinton

1999 – President Bill Clinton begins his impeachment trial in the Senate.

2012 – Hot air balloon crashes in Carterton, New Zealand, killing 11

 

 

 

Births

1355 – Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III of England (d. 1397)

1502 – Gregory XIII [Ugo Boncompagni], Bologna, Papal States, Italian pope (1572-85), introduced Gregorian calendar in 1582

1528 – Jeanne d’Albret, queen of Navarra/mother of French King Henry IV

1539 – Sebastian de Covarrubias Horozco, Spanish lexicographer

1611 – James Harrington, England, political author (Commonwealth of Oceans)

1647 – Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1677)

1652 – Pavao Vitezovic, Croatia, writer/historian

1653 – Bernhard Albinus, Germany, court-physician (Frederick of Prussia)

1685 – Gerard George Clifford, Dutch director of East India Company

1685 – Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (d. 1761)

 

 

1718 – Israel PutnamAmerican Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)

 

 

 

 

 

1768 – Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples (d. 1844)

1786 – John Catron, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1865)

1799 – Daniel Tyler, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1882

 

 

 

1800 – Millard FillmoreLocke NY, (Whig13th president (1850-53)

 

 

 

 

 

1808 – Jacob Ammen, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894

1816 – Stephen Miller, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1881

1821 – Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell, Brigadier General (Confed Army), died in 1891

1824 – James Morrison Hawes, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1889

1827 – Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915)

1830 – (Samuel) Emerson Opdycke, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1830 – Albert Bierstadt, Germany, painter (US landscapes)

1834 – Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)

1858 – Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, key figure in the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language (d. 1922)

1871 – Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)

1873 – Adolph Zukor, Hungary, movie producer/director/executive (Paramount)

1875 – Thomas Hicks, English/US marathon runner: (Olympic-gold-1904)

1875 – Gustav Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1945)

1883 – Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (WW II)

1890 – Maurice E McLoughlin, tennis champ (US Open-1912)

1891 – Zora Neale Hurston, American writer (d. 1960)

1895 – Sir Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and co-founder of QANTAS (d. 1974)

1898 – Art Baker, NYC, TV host (You Asked For It)

1898 – Al Bowlly, British jazz singer (d. 1941)

1903 – Alan Napier, Birmingham England, actor (Alfred-Batman)

1905 – Francis Taylor, builder

1907 – Nicanor Zabaleta, San Sebastian, Spain, harpist

1908 – Red Allen, American musician (d. 1967)

1910 – Alain JG de Rothschild, France, banker/baron

1910 – Jack Lovelock, NZ/US surgeon/runner (Olympic-gold-1936)

1910 – Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani poet (d. 1984)

1910 – Orval Faubus, Governor of Arkansas (d. 1994)

 

1912 – Charles Addamscartoonist (New YorkerAddams Family)

 


 

 

1915 – Herman Musaph, Dutch psychiatrist/sexologist/founder (NVSH)

1916 – Paul Keres, USSR, chess grandmaster (1950)

1920 – Albert Meltzer, anarchist

1920 – Aubrey Brabazon, jockey/trainer

1920 – Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, engineer/Industrialist

1922 – Vincent Gardenia, Naples Italy, actor (All in the Family, LA Law)

1924 – Roloff Beny, Alberta, painter/photographer (A Time of Gods)

1924 – Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (d. 1966)

1925 – Gerald Malcolm Durrell, Britain, zoologist/writer (Mockery Bird)

1928 – William Peter Blatty, NYC, author/director (The Exorcist)

1934 – Charles Lamont Jenkins, NYC, 400m runner (Olympic-gold-1956)

1936 – Eldee Young, US bassist (Young Holt Unlimited-Hang on Sloopy)

1936 – Ben Cropp, Australian shark hunter and photographer

1941 – Frederick Drew Gregory, Wash DC, Col USAF/astro (STS 51-B, 33, 44)

1941 – Robert Hicks, rocker (Paul Butterfield Blues Band)

1941 – Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor (d. 2004)

1941 – John E. Walker, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate

1942 – Vasiliy Ivanovich Alekseyev, USSR, weightlifter (Olympic-gold-72, 76)

1943 – Jim Lefebvre, Hawthorne California, baseball manager (Seattle Mariners)

1943 – Leona Williams, singer/songwriter (Ladies Get the Blues)

1943 – Nicholas Warner, test Pilot

1943 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese child victim of the Hiroshima atomic bomb (d. 1955)

1945 – Tony Conigliaro, Mass, baseball outfielder (Boston Red Sox)

1946 – Jann S Wenner, publisher (Rolling Stone)

1948 – Kenny Loggins, Everett WA, singer (& Messina-This is it, Footloose)

1950 – Erin Gray, Honolulu Hawaii, actress (Silver Spoons, Buck Rogers)

1951 – Talgat Amangeldyyevich Musabayev, Russian mjr/cosmonaut (TM-19, TM-27)

1953 – Earl Wilber Force “Wire” Lindo, rocker (Bob Marley & the Wailers)

1955 – Sandra Bernhard, Arizona (Follow That Bird, King of Comedy)

1956 – Rosalyn Bryant, Chic Ill, 4x400m runner (Olympic-silver-1976)

1957 – Katie Couric, [Katherine], Arlington VA, TV news host (Today)

1957 – Nicholson Baker, American novelist

1957 – Julian Solis, Puerto Rican boxer

1957 – Reena Roy, Indian actress

 

 

 

1958 – Donna RiceNew Orleans Lamodel/Gary Hart’s lover

 

 

 

 

 

1958 – Peter R Mokaba, president (South African Youth Congress)

1959 – Kathy Valentine, rocker (Go-Go’s-We Got the Beat)

1964 – Nicolas Cage, [Coppola], actor (Moonstruck, Racing with the Moon)

1966 – Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, model/wife of John Kennedy Jr

1966 – Jennifer Luff, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1966 – Corrie Sanders, Pretoria, South Africa, boxer, ( WBO heavyweight champion, 2003), (d. 2012)

1969 – Doug E Doug, actor (Cosby)

1970 – Frank “Cliff” Mannon, Amarillo TX, team handball (Olympics-1996)

1972 – Aaron John Mcintosh, Auckland NZ, sailboard yachter (Olympics-96)

1973 – Ricky Wood, Van Nuys California, diver (Olympics-96)

1973 – Robert Dunn, Glenn Cove NY, team handball left wing (Olympics-1996)

1974 – Jennifer LeRoy, Craig CO, playmate (Feb, 1993)

1975 – Robert Norman Waddell, Cambridge NZ, Single scull rower (Olympics-96)

1977 – Michelle Behennah, British model

1977 – John Gidding, American architect and TV host (Designed to Sell)

1979 – Bipasha Basu, Indian model

1979 – Mariangel Ruiz, Venezuelan actress and model

1982 – Hannah Stockbauer, German swimmer

1982 – Ianina Zanazzi, Argentine racing driver

1983 – Liesbeth Mouha, Belgian beach volleyball player

1985 – Lewis Hamilton, English F1 racing driver

1990 – Elene Gedevanishvili, Georgian figure skater

1990 – Gregor Schlierenzauer, Austrian skijumper

1996 – Abbey Speakman, England, born 19 days after her twin sister

 

 

 

Deaths

312 – Lucianus of Antioch, theologist/saint, dies

1130 – Baldricus Burgoliensis, French historian/archbishop, dies at about 83

1285 – Charles I of Anjou, king of Naples/bro of King Louis IX, dies at 58

1325 – Dionysius, the justified, King of Portugal (1279-1325), dies

1400 – Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, English politician (b. 1374)

1451 – Amadeus VIII, last anti-pope Felix V (1439-49), dies at 67

1536 – Catherine of Aragon, 1st wife of England’s King Henry VIII, dies at 50

1537 – Alessandro de’ Medici, Italian monarch of Florence, assassinated

1658 – Theophilus Eaton, American colonist (b. 1590)

1767 – Thomas Clap, 1st president of Yale University (b. 1703)

1786 – Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)

1872 – James Fisk, American entrepreneur (b. 1834)

1878 – François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)

1893 – Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist and mathematician (b. 1835)

 

 

1943 – Nikola TeslaSerbian-American physicist (tesla motor), dies at 86

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – J Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1944 – Lou Hoover, U.S. First Lady (b. 1874)

1953 – Osa Johnson, American explorer (b. 1894)

1961 – Clarice Baright, 1st woman admitted to American Bar Association, dies at 74

1968 – Prof James Smith, South African ichthyologist (b. 1897)

1982 – Bert Oosterhuis, Dutch motor racer (Paris-Dakar), dies in race crash

1984 – Alfred Kastler, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)

1985 – Johnny Guarnieri, jazz pianist (Morey Amsterdam Show), dies at 67

1986 – Philip D. Eastman, American children’s book writer and illustrator (b. 1909)

1987 – Larry Carr, pianist (Flight to Rhythm), dies at 72

1988 – Trevor Howard, actor (Ryan’s Daughter), dies of bronchitis at 71

1990 – Bronislau “Bronko” Nagurski, football hall of famer, dies at 81

1994 – Lewis Boddington, aerospace Engineer, dies at 85

1995 – Harry Golombek, chess Grandmaster, dies at 83

1995 – Larry Grayson, British entertainer (Generation Game), dies at 65 or 71

1995 – Viktor Vorobyov, Russian general-major, dies in battle

 

1995 – Murray RothbardAmerican libertarian economist (b. 1926)

 



 

 

2002 – Avery Schreiber, American actor (b. 1935)

2004 – Ingrid Thulin, Swedish actress (b. 1926)

2006 – Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer (b. 1912)

2007 – Bobby Hamilton, NASCAR team owner (b. 1957)

2011 – Derek Gardner, British Formula 1 car designer (b. 1931)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1066 – King Harald of England crowned

1099 – Henry V crowned German king

1205 – Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans.

1227 – Ferrand of Portugal freed from the Louvre

1352 – French king Jean II introduces Order of the Star

1449 – Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI is crowned at Mistra.

1494 – The first Mass in the New World is celebrated at La Isabela, Hispaniola.

1496 – Moorish fortress Alhambra, near Grenada, surrenders to the Christians

1579 – Artois/Hainault/Dowaai sign pro-Spanish Union of Arras

1639 – Virginia is 1st colony to order surplus crops (tobacco) destroyed

1649 – The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other “high crimes”

1661 – The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London.

1663 – Great earthquake in New England

1681 – 1st recorded boxing match (Duke of Albemarle’s butler vs his butcher)

1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlies army draws to Glasgow

1773 – Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom

1781 – Battle of Jersey (Island in UK)

1832 – New England Anti-Slavery Society organizes (Boston)

1839 – 2 day storm off Irish & English coast immortalized as “Big Wind”

 

 

 

1842 – 16,000 British & Indian troops leave Kabulmassacred before India

 

 

 

 

 

1857 – Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn

1861 – Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola

1861 – NYC mayor proposes NY become a free city, trading with N & S

1873 – US Congress begins investigating Crédit Mobilier scandal

1880 – Record snow cover in Seattle – 120 cm

1887 – `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II.

1893 – Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

1893 – The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.

1896 – 1st US women’s 6-day bicycle race starts, Madison Square Garden

1896 – Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony

1898 – 1st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake

 

 

 

1900 – Boers attack Ladysmithabout 1,000 killed or injured

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – Maria Montessori opens her 1st (Montessori) school (Rome)

1912 – New Mexico becomes 47th state

1914 – Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded

1925 – Paavo Nurmi, sets indoor record, 4:13.6 mile & 14:44.6 5,000m

1927 – US marines sent to Nicaragua

1929 – Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India’s poorest and diseased people.

1930 – 1st diesel engine automobile trip (in a Packard sedan) completed

1931 – Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.

1938 – Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

1939 – Daily newspaper comic strip “Superman” debuts

1940 – Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau. 

1942 – Bob Feller, enlists in Navy & reports for duty to Norfolk Virginia

 

 

 

1942 – Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world.(“Pacific Clipper“)

 

 

 

 

 

1946 – Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum

1951 – Indianapolis beats Rochester 75-73 in NBA-record 6 overtimes

1956 – Federal court bars former Little League Commissioner Carl Stotz from forming a rival group

1957 – Elvis Presley makes his 7th & final appearance on Ed Sullivan Show

1958 – Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to ee cummings

1958 – Gibson patents Flying V Guitar

1963 – “Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom” with Marlin Perkins begins on NBC

1964 – Rolling Stones’ 1st tour as headline act (with Ronettes)

1967 – “Milton Berle Show” last airs on ABC-TV

1967 – 2 homemade buses collided on a mountain road in Terpate, Philippines plunging off a cliff, killing 84, injuring 140

 

 

 

1967 – United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch “Operation Deckhouse Five” in the Mekong River delta.

 

 

 

 

 

1968 – Beatles’ “Magical Mystery Tour,” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 8 weeks

1968 – Dr N E Shumway performs 1st US adult cardiac transplant operation

1968 – Surveyor 7 (last of series) launched by US for soft-landing on Moon

1971 – Berkeley chemists announces 1st synthetic growth hormones

1971 – Neil Young returns to his homeland of Canada for his first concert there since his pre-stardom days

1972 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1972 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Kenneth Shelley

1972 – Vladimir Bukovski is exiled from USSR

1974 – In response to the 1973 energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.

1975 – “Wheel Of Fortune,” debuts on NBC-tv

1975 – 1000 Led Zeppelin fans, waiting overnight inside the lobby of the Boston Garden for tickets to the group’s February 4th gig to go on sale, cause a riot and an esimated $30,000 damage

1976 – Ted Turner purchases Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million

1978 – 1st postage stamp copyrighted by US (Carl Sandburg stamp)

1979 – The Village People’s Y.M.C.A becomes their only UK No.1 single. At it’s peak it sold over 150,000 copies a day

1980 – Indira Gandhi’s Congress Party wins elections in India

1986 – British Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine resigns

1986 – Impala Platinum fires 20,000 black mine workers in Johannesburg

1986 – STS 61-C scrubbed at T-31sec because of liquid oxygen valve problem

1987 – Astronomers at University of California see 1st sight of birth of a galaxy

1990 – NY Lotto pays $35 million to one winner (#s are 18-25-26-32-42-44)

1991 – Qian Hong swims female world record 50m butterfly (27.30 sec)

1993 – Bill Wyman announces he will leave Rolling Stones

1994 – Dow-Jones hits record 3803.88

1994 – Ice skater Nancy Kerrigan is attacked by Tonya Harding’s bodyguard

1995 – A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.

1996 – Record $65.2 million British lottery won by 3 people (2-3-4-13-42-44)

1998 – Don Sutton selected to Baseball Hall of Fame

2002 – Daniel Bedingfield returns to No.1 on the UK singles chart for the second time with Gotta Get Thru This

2005 – Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect for the 1964 murders of three Civil Rights workers.

 

 

 

Births

1367 – Richard IIBordeauxFranceKing of England (1377-99) (d. 1400)

 

 

 

 

 

1412 – Joan of ArcDomrémyRoman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France (legendary date) (d. 1431)

 

 

 

 

 

1561 – Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician (d. 1656)

1580 – (baptised) John Smith of Jamestown (d. 1631)

1655 – Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1705)

1714 – Percivall Pott, English physician (d. 1788)

1745 – Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, France, aeronaut (1st pioneer balloonist)

1745 – Étienne Montgolfier, French inventor (d. 1799)

1776 – Ferdinand von Schill, Prussian officer/rebel

1795 – Anselme Payen, French chemist (d. 1871)

1799 – Jedediah Strong Smith, US fur trader/explorer

1807 – Joseph Holt, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1894

1807 – Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor (d. 1891)

1808 – Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (d. 1864)

1811 – Charles Sumner, leading Reconstruction senator, died in 1874

1812 – Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero (d. 1919)

1822 – Heinrich Schliemann, German polyglot/archeologist (Troje)

1827 – John Calvin Brown, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1889

1827 – John Wesley Frazer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), die in 1906

1842 – Clarence King, mining engineer (geologist)

1864 – Ban Johnson, Norwalk Ct, baseball founder (American League)

1872 – Alexander N Scriabin, Moscow, hallucinogenic composer (Prometheus)

1878 – Carl Sandburg, US, poet/biographer of Lincoln (The People, Yes)

1880 – Tom Mix, Mix Run PA, silent screen cowboy actor (Dick Turpin), died 1940

1882 – Samuel Rayburn, Tenn, (Rep-D-Tx), speaker of the House (1940-57)

1883 – Khalil Gibran, Lebanon, mystic poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings)

1896 – Abram N Pritzker, US businessman (Hyatt Hotels, McCall’s magazine)

1905 – Eric Frank Russell, UK, sci-fi author (Hugo, Deep Space, Dark Tides)

1907 – David Fleay, Australian naturalist (d. 1993)

1911 – Joey Adams, Bkln NY, comedian/actor/columnist (ABC’s Back That Fact)

1913 – Loretta Young, Salt Lake City Ut, actr (Farmer’s Daughter, Stranger)

1914 – Danny Thomas, Deerfield Mich, comedian (Danny Thomas Show)

1919 – Sylvia Syms, US singer (Hello Dolly, Dream Girl, Them There Eyes)

1920 – Sun Myung Moon, evangelist (Unification Church-Moonies), (d. 2012)

1921 – Lou Harris, pollster (Lou Harris Poll)

1923 – Leah Chase, master chef, in the creole tradition

1923 – Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)

 

 

 

1924 – Earl ScruggsNCbluegrass musician ( Flat &-Ballad of Jed Clampett), (d. 2012)

 

Foggy Mountain Breakdown

The Ballad Of Jed Clampett with Lester Flatt

Earl’s Breakdown

 

 

 

 

1925 – John Z DeLorean, former automaker (DeLorean)

1926 – Pat Flaherty, American racecar driver (2002)

1926 – Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (d. 2003)

1926 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian-born actor and bodybuilder (d. 2006)

1926 – Ralph Branca, American baseball player

1926 – Kim Dae-jung, President of South Korea and Nobel laureate

1929 – Wilbert Harrison, R & B singer (Kansas City)

1929 – Babrak Karmal, Afghani politician (d. 1996)

1930 – Vic Tayback, Bkln NY, actor (Mel-Alice, Khan, Portrait of a Stripper)

 

 

 

1931 – Capucine, [Germaine Lefebvre], Toulon Franceactress (Pink PantherWhat’s New Pussycat?) (d. 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1931 – E. L. Doctorow, American author

1932 – Sacha Distel, French singer

1932 – Stuart A. Rice, American chemist

1933 – Emil Steinberger, Swiss comedian

1934 – Harry M. Miller, Australian entrepreneur

1935 – Paul Wilson, US R&B-singer (Flamingos-Lovers Never Say Goodbye)

1937 – Lou Holtz, US, football coach (NJ Jets)

1938 – Prof Adrienne Clarke, Australian botanist, Lieutenant Governor of Victoria

1939 – Murray Rose, Nairn Scotland, Australian Olympic swimmer (4x oly gold), (d. 2012)

1940 – Penny Lernoux, American journalist (d. 1989)

1941 – Sandy Denny, country singer (Fairport Convention-If You Gotta Go)

1943 – Paul James Nunn, mountaineer

1943 – Terry Venables, British soccer player/manager

1944 – Bonnie Franklin, Santa Monica Cal, TV actress (Ann-1 Day at a Time)

1944 – Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist, Nobel laureate

1945 – Pepe Le Pew, cartoon skunk (Au Dorable Kitty)

1947 – Ian Millar, Halifax NS, dressage rider (World Cup 1988, 89, Oly-96)

1948 – Guy Spencer Gardner, Alta Vista Va, Lt Col USAF/astro (STS 27, STS 35)

1949 – Michael Boit, Nandi Kenya, 800m runner (Olympic-bronze-1972)

1950 – Louis Freeh, former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation

 

 

 

1951 – Kim Wilsonbluesman (Fabulous Thunderbirds)

 

Lookin’ For Trouble

Lowdown

Got My Mojo Working with Jimmy Rogers

 

 

 

 

1952 – Grant Goodeve, New Haven Conn, actor (David-8 is Enough, Dynasty)

1952 – Moondog Spot, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)

1953 – Malcolm Young, Glasgow Scotland, guitarist (AC/DC-Highway to Hell)

1954 – Norbert Hahn, German DR, 2 man luge (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1954 – Hans Robert Hiegel, German architect

1954 – Yuji Horii, Japanese video game designer

1954 – Trudie Styler, English actress

1955 – Rowan Atkinson, England, comedian/actor (Mr Bean, Blackadder)

1957 – C Michael Foale, Louth England, astronaut (STS 45, 56, 63, 84/86)

1959 – Kapil Dev, cricketer (India’s finest all-rounder 1978-94, Cup-1982)

1959 – Kathy Sledge, Phila, vocalist (Sister Sledge-We are Family)

1960 – Paul William Azinger, Holyoke MA, PGA golfer (1987 Phoenix Open)

1960 – Nigella Lawson, English chef and writer

1961 – Howie Long, former NFL tackle/actor/broadcaster (Broken Arrow)

1962 – Philip Brown, Birmingham Engl, 4x400m runner (Olympic-silver-1984)

1962 – Sean Landeta, NFL place kicker (NY Giants)

1963 – Philippe Perrin, Meknes Morocco, Lt Col FAF/astronaut

1964 – Mark O’Toole, bassist/drummer (Frankie Goes to Hollywood-Relax)

1964 – Jacqueline Moore, American wrestler

1965 – Lindsay H Burns, Big Timber Mont, rower (Olympics-silver-96)

 

 

 

1965 – Bjorn LomborgDanish,writer , environmental studies

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – David Belcher, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1967 – Larry Donald, Cincinnati Ohio, US boxer (Olympic-92)

1967 – Peter Loran, Teaneck NJ, rock vocalist (Trixter-Give It To Me Good)

 

 

 

1970 – Gabrielle ReeceCaliforniavolleyball star/model (Extremists)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1970 – Kerrin Petty, Townshend Vt, cross country skier (Olympics-1994)

1970 – Julie Chen, American television presenter

1972 – Denis Montana, CFL receiver (Montreal Alouettes, Toronto Argonauts)

1972 – Shae Marks, New Orleans LA, playmate (May, 1994)

1972 – Nek, Italian singer

1975 – Laura Berg, Whittier CA, softball outfielder (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 – Jeremy Linn, US, 100m breaststroke (Olympics-silver/gold-96)

1977 – Stacey Gartrell, Sydney NSW Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96)

1978 – Steve Hartsell, Ann Arbor Mich, pairs skater (& Danielle Hartsell)

1980 – Hiromi Oshima, Japanese adult model

1981 – Rinko Kikuchi, Japanese actress

1982 – Tiffany Pollard, American reality television personality

 

 

Deaths

664 – Amr ibn al-A’as, Arab general (bc. 583)

1088 – Berengarius of Tours, French theologist, dies

1275 – Raymundus of Penafort, Spanish church law scholar, dies

1374 – Andreas Corsini, Italian saint/bishop of Fiesole, dies

 

 

 

1481 – Akhmat KhanKhan of the Golden Horde

 

 

 

 

 

1536 – Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect/painter, dies

1646 – Elias Hill, German architect of Augsburg, dies at 72

1689 – Seth Ward, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1617)

1693 – Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey), dies at 51

1694 – Francesco Morosini, Italian army general, dies

1718 – Richard Hoare, English goldsmith and banker (b. 1648)

1725 – Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Japan, playwright (Yotsugi Soga), dies at about 71

1731 – Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (b. 1672)

1813 – Louis Baraguey d’Hilliers, French general (b. 1764)

1852 – Louis Braille, French teacher of the blind and inventor of braille (b. 1809)

1855 – Giacomo Beltrami, Italian explorer (b. 1779)

1882 – Richard Henry Dana, U.S. novelist (Two Years Before the Mast) (b. 1815)

1913 – Frederick Hitch, English Victoria Cross Winner (b. 1856)

1918 – Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72

 

 

 

1919 – Theodore Roosevelt26th Pres (1901-09), dies in NY at 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

1919 – Max Heindel, Danish astrologer and mystic (b. 1865)

1922 – Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (b. 1842)

1928 – Alvin C Kraenzlein, track star (Olympic-4 gold-1900), dies at 51

1934 – Herbert Chapman , Legendary Manager of Arsenal and Huddersfield Town (b. 1878)

1945 – Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)

1950 – Isaiah Bowman, geographer/co-founder (Geographical Review), dies at 71

1960 – Erik Lindahl, Swedish economist (Scope & Means), dies at 68

1963 – Lourens GM Baas Becking, Dutch botanist/resistance fighter, dies at 68

1964 – Edgar Maass, German/US author (Verdun), dies at 67

1972 – Chen Yi, Chinese military commander and politician (b. 1901)

1978 – John D MacArthur, US insurance billionaire, dies at 80

1978 – Burt Munro, New Zealand motorcycle racer (b. 1899)

1981 – A[rchibald] J[oseph] Cronin, physician/author (Citadel), dies at 84

1984 – Ernest Laszlo, Hungarian-U.S. cinematographer (b. 1898)

1985 – Robert H W Welch Jr, US founder/leader John Birch Society, dies at 85

1989 – Hirohito, Japan`s emperor (1922-89), dies at 87 after 62-year reign

 

 

 

1993 – John B “Dizzy” Gillespiejazz trumpeterdies of cancer at 75

 

 

A Night In Tunisia

No More Blues

Salt Peanuts

 

 

 

 

1993 – Rudolph Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer (Kirov), dies of AIDS at 54

1994 – “Iron” Adriaan van Es, Dutch undersec of Navy (1963-72), dies at 80

1994 – Gerardus J Sizoo, physicist/director of Dutch Free University, dies

1994 – Morty the Moose, (Northern Exposure), dies at 6

1994 – Tip O’Neill, speaker of the house, dies of cancer

1994 – Virginia Kelley Clinton, Mother of Pres Clinton, dies at 70

1996 – John Phillipps Kenyon, historian/teacher, dies at 68

1999 – French Jazz piano virtuoso Michel Petrucciani dies in New York following a brief respiratory illness at age 36

2000 – Don Martin, American cartoonist (b. 1931)

2004 – Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (b. 1921)

 

 

 

2006 – Lou RawlsAmerican singer (b. 1933)

 

YOU’LL NEVER FIND ANOTHER LOVE LIKE MINE

At Last with Aretha Franklin

You’ve Made Me So Very Happy

 

 

 

 

2006 – Hugh ThompsonJr., decorated Vietnam War helicopter pilot (b. 1943)

 

 

 

 

 

2007 – Roberta Wohlstetter, military historian and strategist (b. 1912)

2007 – Sneaky Pete Kleinow, American musician and special-effects artist (b. 1934)

2009 – Ron Asheton, The Stooges guitarrist (b. 1948)

2012 – Roger Boisjoly, American aerodynamicist, dies at 73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1349 – Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V earl of Holland/Zealand

1438 – Pope Eugenius IV deallocated council of Basel to Ferrara

1463 – French poet Francois Villon banished from Paris

 

 

 

1477 – Battle at NancyBurgundy vs Switz7000 + killed including their leader Charles Duke of Burgundy

 

800pxbeauxartsnancyfeye.jpg

 

 

 

 

1500 – Duke Ludovico Sforza’s troops reconquer Milan

1527 – Felix Manz, a leader of the Anabaptist congregation in Zürich, is executed by drowning. (b. 1498)

1554 – Great fire in Eindhoven Neth

1675 – Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg

1709 – Sudden extreme cold kills 1000s of Europeans

1776 – Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution

1781 – British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Va

1804 – Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement

1834 – Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell

1836 – Davy Crockett arrives in Texas, just in time for the Alamo

1841 – James Clark Ross (UK) is 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf

1846 – The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.

1854 – Steamship San Francisco wrecked-300 die

1861 – 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter

1861 – Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay

1875 – President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Miss

1892 – 1st successful auroral photograph made

1895 – French Capt Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later declared innocent

1896 – German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen’s discovers x-rays

1900 – Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.

1904 – -34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record)

1904 – -42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)

1905 – Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter’s 7th satellite, Elara

1905 – National Association of Audubon Society incorporates

1914 – Ford Motor Co wages jump from $2.40/9-hr day to $5.00/8-hr day

1919 – National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers Party

1925 – Nellie Taylor Ross became governor of Wyoming, 1st woman gov in USA

1931 – 1st woman to purchase a baseball team Lucille Thomas purchases Topeka franchise in the Western League

1933 – Work on Golden Gate Bridge begins, on Marin County side

1934 – Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)

1940 – FCC hears 1st transmission of FM radio with clear, static-free signal

1940 – Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia

1942 – 55 German tanks reach North-Africa

1945 – Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon “Odor-able Kitty”

1949 – President Harry Truman labels his administration the “Fair Deal”

1951 – Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Ponte Vedra Beach Women’s Golf Open

1957 – Dodgers’ Jackie Robinson retires rather than be traded to NY Giants

1959 – “Bozo the Clown” live children’s show premieres on TV

1959 – Buddy Holly releases his last record “It Doesn’t Matter”

1968 – Dr Benjamin Spock indicted for conspiring to violate draft law

1970 – Soap Opera “All My Children,” premieres on ABC

1971 – Globetrotters lose 100-99 to NJ Reds, ending 2,495-game win streak

1971 – US heavyweight “Sonny” Liston’s (36) corpse found

1972 – Pres Nixon signs a bill for NASA to begin research on manned shuttle

1974 – Raul Julia appears on Bob Newhart Show in “Oh, Brother”

1975 – Salyut 4 with crew of 2 is launched for 30 days

1975 – 14 die when British freighter “Lake Illawarra” rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks

1976 – “MacNeil-Lehrer Report” premieres on PBS

1981 – “Nightline” with Ted Koppel extended from 20 mins to 30 mins

1981 – British police arrest Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver later convicted of “Yorkshire Ripper” murders of 13 women

1982 – Arkansas judge rules against obligatory teaching of creation

1987 – Surrogate Baby M case begins in Hackensack, NJ

1989 – 2 French TV newsmen arrested for trying to plant fake bombs on 3 airlines at JFK airport in security test

1993 – Reggie Jackson elected to Hall of Fame

1993 – The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84,700 tons of crude oil.

1993 – Washington state executes Westley Allan Dodd by hanging (the first legal hanging in America since 1965).

1994 – Aleksandr Popov swims world record 100m free style (47.82)

1994 – Yat Weiju swims world record 100m butterfly stroke (58.71)

1994 – Zhong Weiju swims world record 25m pool record (58.71)

1996 – Hamas operative Yahya Ayyash is killed by an Israeli-planted booby-trapped cell phone.

2005 – Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, is discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.

 

 

 

Births

1209 – Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1272)

1548 – Francisco Suarez, Spanish theologian (d. 1617)

1560 – William Cobbold, composer

1587 – Xu Xiake, Chinese geographer (d. 1641)

1592 – Shah Jahan, Mughal emperor of India (1628-58), built Taj Mahal

1614 – Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria (d. 1662)

1696 – Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/painter (d. 1757)

1759 – Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist/army leader

1762 – Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (d. 1842)

1769 – Jean Baptiste Say, French economist (Political Economics)

 

 

 

1779 – Stephen DecaturUSnaval hero (War of 1812)

 

 

 

 

 

1779 – Zebulon Montgomery Pikeexplorer (Pike’s Peak)

 

 

 

 

 

1787 – John Burke, Irish genealogist (Burke’s Peerage)

1813 – Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903

1822 – Joseph Brevard Kershaw, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1894

1828 – August Valentine Kautz, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1895

1829 – Sir Roger Tichborne, missing U.K. heir who was the subject of the longest criminal trial in British history (d. c.1854)

1834 – William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition (d. 1861)

1838 – Camille Jordan, French mathematician (d. 1922)

1840 – John Doby Kennedy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896

1846 – Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Germany, Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908)

1848 – Khristo Botev, hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet

1855 – King Camp Gillette, inventor (safety razor)

1859 – DeWitt B Brace, inventor (spectrophotometer)

1865 – Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (d. 1920)

1879 – Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician (d. 1946)

1895 – Jeannette Piccard, balloonist/Episcopal priest

1895 – Elizabeth Cotten, American musician (d. 1987)

1900 – Dennis Gabor, Hung/Brit physicist (holography-Nobel 1971) [or Jun 5]

1901 – H L Honore comte d’Estienne d’Orves, French officer/resistance fighter

1903 – Harold Gatty, Australian aviator, navigator with Wiley Post (d. 1957)

1909 – Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith, bibliophile

1909 – Stephen Cole Kleene, mathematician (Regular Expressions)

1912 – Frank Pace Jr, US Secretary of Army (1950-53)

1914 – George Reeves, [George Lescher Bessolo], Ashland Ky, actor (Superman, Gone With the Wind)

1915 – Arthur H. Robinson, Canadian-born cartographer (d. 2004)

1917 – Jane Wyman, St. Joseph, Missouri, American actress (Magnificent Obsession) and 1st Mrs Ronald Reagan (d. 2007)

1917 – Francis L. Kellogg, U.S. diplomat and prominent socialite (d. 2006)

1918 – Jean Dixon, psychic (Gift of Prophecy)

1923 – Sam Phillips, musician/record founder (Sun)(d. 2003)

1928 – Walter Fritz Mondale, (Sen-D-Minn)/42nd VP (1977-81)

1929 – Wilbert Harrison, singer

1930 – Edward Galven Givens Jr, Quanah Texas, Major USAF/astronaut

1931 – Alvin Ailey, choreographer (American Dance Theater)

1931 – Robert Duvall, San Diego California, actor (Great Santini, Taxi Driver)

1931 – Walter Davis, US, running high jumper (Olympic-gold-1952)

1932 – Umberto Eco, author (Name of the Rose)

1934 – William Bendeck, Bolivian rally driver (d. 1971)

1936 – Florence King, American humorist

1938 – Edwin Elliason, Washington, US archer (Olympic-92)

1938 – Juan Carlos I, king of Spain (1975- )

1939 – Bridget Parker, England, equestrian 3 day event (Olympic-gold-1972)

1940 – Yuri Ershov, Russian mathematician

1940 – General Sir Michael Rose, UK military officer, prominent in Bosnia

 

 

 

1941 – Hayao MiyazakiJapanese film maker

 

Videos

 

 

 

1944 – Tommie Smith, US, 200m dash (Olympic-gold-1968) [or Jun 5]

1945 – Roger Spottiswoode, Canadian-born film director

1946 – “Crazy Diamond” Syd Barret  rocker (Pink Floyd)

1947 – Ted Lange, Oakland California, actor (Isaac-Love Boat, Mr T & Tina)

1947 – Mercury Morris, American football player

1950 – Chris Stein, rock guitarist and co-founder of Blondie (Heart of Glass, Call Me) born in Brooklyn, New York

1950 – Michael O’Donoghue, writer/performer

1953 – Pamela Sue Martin, Westport Ct, actress (Nancy Drew, Fallon-Dynasty)

1953 – George Tenet, American CIA director

1958 – Suzy Amis, Oklahoma City, actress (Blame it on Rio, Where the Heart is)

1960 – Steve Jones, British aviator (Red Bull Air Race World Series)

1961 – Curt Bader, Bloomfield Iowa, sprint kayak (Olympics-96)

1962 – Donald John Cowie, Auckland NZ, yachting Star class (Olympics-96)

1966 – Kate Schellenbach, musician (Luscious Jackson)

1968 – Andrew Golota, Polish boxer

1969 – Marilyn Manson, singer/musician

1975 – Kylie Bax, New Zealand model

1975 – Bradley Cooper, American actor

1978 – Franck Montagny, French Formula One driver

1978 – January Jones, American actress

1978 – Sabrina Harman, American military figure and accused torturer

1984 – Amanda Hearst, American heiress

 

 

Deaths

842 – Al-Mu’tasim, Abbasid caliph (b. 794)

1066 – Edward de Belijder, the Confessor, king of England (1043-66), dies

1387 – Pedro IV, king of Aragon/conqueror of Sicily, dies at 67

1400 – John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English politician (executed) (b. ca. 1350)

1425 – John of Bavaria/Bayern, liege of Holland/Zealand/Dordrecht, poisoned

1448 – Christopher of Bavaria (b. 1416)

 

 

 

1477 – Charles the BoldDuke of Burgundydies at the Battle of Nancy at 43

 

 

 

 

 

1588 – Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (b. 1528)

1589 – Catherine de’ Medici, Queen mother of France, dies at 69

1595 – Ercole Procaccini, Italian painter

1684 – Claude Audran II, French painter/engraver, dies at 44

1713 – Jean Chardin, French explorer (b. 1643)

1796 – Samuel Huntington, US judge (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 64

1807 – Michel Adanson, French biologist (Plant classes), dies at 79

1858 – Johann JWAFK Radetzky von Radetz, Austr earl/field marshal, dies at 91

1904 – Karl A von Zittel, German geologist/paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64

1922 – Ernest H Shackleton, Brit South pole explorer (Endurance), dies at 47

1933 – Calvin Coolidge, 30th President (1923-29), dies in Mass at 60

1939 – Amelia Earhart, American aviator declared dead after disappearance in 1937. (b. 1897)

1941 – Amy Johnson, English aviator (b. 1903)

 

 

 

1943 – George Washington Carverfamous black scientistdies at 81

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80

1956 – Jeanne F Bourgeois, French head mistress (Moulin Rouge), dies at 84

1956 – Mistinguett, French singer (b. 1875)

1960 – Pavel P Parenago, Russia, cosmonaut, dies at 53

1963 – Rogers Hornsby, baseball player, dies of a heart ailment at 66

1970 – Max Born, German/British physicist (Nobel 1954), dies at 87

 

 

 

1979 – Charles MingusUS jazz bassist/composer/orchestra leaderdies at 56

 

Moanin’

Goodbye Pork Pie Hat

Take the ‘A’ Train

 

 

 

 

1981 – Harold C Urey, US chemist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934), dies at 87

1982 – Hans Conried, actor (Bullwinkle Show, Make Room for Daddy), dies at 64

1982 – Harvey Lembeck, actor (Phil Silvers, Hathaways), dies at 56

1982 – Sir Edmund Herring, Australian military commander, Lieutenant Governor of Victoria (b. 1892)

1985 – Robert L. Surtees, American Oscar-winning cinematographer (Ben-Hur) (b. 1906

1987 – Herman Smith-Johannsen, Norwegian-born Canadian cross-country skier (b. 1875)

1988 – “Pistol Pete” Maravich, NBAer (Atlanta), dies of a heart attack at 40(b. 1947)

1990 – Arthur Kennedy, actor (Air Force), dies of a brain tumor at 76

1991 – Vasko Popa, Serbian WW II-partisan/poet (Sporedno Nebo), dies at 68

1993 – Westley A Dodd, US murderer, 1st hanging in US since 1965

1994 – Thomas P “Tip” O’Neill, (D-Ma)/Speaker of House (1977-86), dies at 81

1995 – Mansour Satari, brig-gen/commandant (Iran Air Force), dies at 46

1995 – Yahya Ayyash, PLO bomb maker, booby trapped cellular phone at 28

1996 – Jay Morris Arena, inventor/pediatrician, dies at 86

1998 – Sonny Bono, (Rep-R-Ca)/singer (Sonny & Cher), dies skiing at 62

2003 – Jean Kerr, American author (b. 1923)

2004 – Tug McGraw, American baseball player, father of Tim McGraw (b. 1944)

2005 – Danny Sugerman, American music manager (The Doors) (b. 1954)

2007 – Momofuku Ando, inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles (b. 1910)

2007 – Chih Ree Sun, Chinese-American physicist and poet (b. 1923)

2012 – Frederica Maas, American playwright and screenwriter, dies at 111

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

46 BC – Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina.

274 – St Eutychian begins his reign as Catholic Pope

871 – Battle at Reading: Ethelred of Wessex beats Danish invasion army

1357 – Flemish earl Louis & Luxembourg Duke Wenceslaus sign peace treaty

1490 – Anna of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the king of France will be considered guilty of the crime of lese-majesty.

1493 – Columbus left new world on return from 1st voyage

1519 – -6] 1st Altenburger sermon (Luther & Karl von Miltitz)

1642 – King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament

1698 – Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, is destroyed by fire.

1725 – Benjamin Franklin arrives in London [OS=Dec 24 1724]

1754 – Columbia University founded, as Kings College (NYC)

1780 – Snowstorm hit Washington’s army at Morristown, NJ

1781 – Andre Méchain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio)

 

 

 

1847 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1854 – The McDonald Islands are discovered by Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang.

1861 – Pres Buchanan appoints a fast on account of threatened succession

1861 – US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama

1862 – Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath

1896 – Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state

1903 – Topsy, an elephant, was electrocuted by Thomas Edison during the War of Currents campaign.

1912 – Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr

1915 – 1st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho

1915 – Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops

1925 – French psychologist Emil Coué brings his self-esteem therapy to US “Every day in every way I am getting better & better”

1932 – British East Indies Viceroy Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru

1935 – Bob Hope 1st heard on network radio as part of “The Intimate Revue”

1935 – Ft Jefferson National Monument, Fla established

1936 – Billboard magazine publishes its 1st music hit parade

1939 – Hermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich head of Jewish Emigration

1942 – Rogers Hornsby is 14th player selected to the Hall of Fame

1943 – Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, “Joseph & His Brothers”

1944 – Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department

1945 – Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam

1945 – US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after kamikaze attack

1951 – During Korean conflict, Chinese forces capture Seoul

1953 – KTSM TV channel 9 in El Paso, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting

1954 – Elvis Presley records a 10 minute demo in Nashville

1957 – Dodgers buy 44 passenger twin-engine airplane for $775,000

1958 – Sputnik 1 reenters atmosphere & burns up

1959 – Luna 1 (Mechta) becomes 1st craft to leave Earth’s gravity

1961 – Longest recorded strike ends-33 yrs-Danish barbers’ assistants

1968 – Leo Fender sells Fender Guitars for $13 million

1970 – Walter Cronkite ends hosting weekly documentary

1971 – Congressional Black Caucus organizes

1971 – Ohio agrees to pay $675,000 to relatives of Kent State victims

1974 – Nixon refuses to hand over tapes subpoenaed by Watergate Committee

1975 – Ford Executive Order on CIA Activities within the US (No 11828)

1981 – British police arrest Peter Sutcliffe, the “Yorkshire Ripper”

1982 – Golden Gate Bridge closed for 3rd time by fierce storm

1984 – “Night Court” starring Harry Anderson premieres on NBC TV

1986 – David Boon’s second Test century, 131 v India at Adelaide

1986 – NCAA basketball’s David Robinson blocks a record 14 shots

1989 – Comet Tempel 1 at perihelion

1991 – Iraq agrees to send Aziz to Geneva to meet Baker on Jan 9th

1995 – Newt Gingrich (R) becomes speaker of the House

1998 – Wilaya of Relizane massacres in Algeria: over 170 are killed in three remote villages.

1998 – A massive ice storm hits eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, continuing through January 10 and causing widespread destruction.

1999 – Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura is sworn in as governor of Minnesota.

1999 – Gunmen open fire on Shiite Muslims worshipping in an Islamabad mosque, killing 16 people and injuring 25.

2004 – Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.

2007 – The 110th United States Congress convenes, electing Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.

2010 – The Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building is officially opened.

2010 – The Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention removed HIV infection from its list of communicable diseases of public health significance.

 

 

 

Births

1077 – Emperor Zhezong of Song Dynasty in China (d. 1100)

1334 – Amadeus VI, [Green Count], Count of Savoy (d. 1383)

1567 – Franciscus Aguilon, physicist/mathematician/jesuit/architect

1579 – Willem Teellinck, Dutch theologist/vicar

1581 – James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh (gave age to Earth based on bible)

1604 – Jacob Balde, German jesuit/barok conductor (Jephthe)

1664 – Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (d. 1742)

1785 – Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm, Germany, philologist and folklorist and editor of “Grimm’s Fairy Tales” (d. 1863)

1789 – Benjamin Lundy, philanthropist/abolitionist

1797 – Wilhelm Beer, Germany, amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map)

1809 – Louis Braille, Coupvray France, developer (reading system for blind)

1813 – Isaac Pitman, Britain, inventor (stenographic shorthand)

1821 – John James Peck, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878

1822 – Joseph Jones Reynolds, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899

1823 – Peter Joseph Osterhaus, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1917

1832 – George Tryon, British admiral (d. 1893)

1838 – Charles Stratton, [General Tom Thumb] (famous short person)

1839 – Carl Humann, German engineer (d. 1896)

1872 – Edmund Rumpler, Austria, auto/airplane builder

1878 – Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)

1890 – Alfred G Jodl, German Wehrmacht general/chief of staff

1893 – Yone Minagawa, Japanese, became worlds oldest living person January 29, 2007. (d. Aug. 13, 2007)

1895 – Lourens G M Baas Becking, Dutch botanist/resistance fighter

 

 

 

1895 – Leroy GrummanAmerican industrialist (d. 1982)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1896 – Everett DirksenAmerican politician (Sen-R-Ill) (d. 1969)

 

 

 

 

 

1900 – James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)

1902 – John McCone, CIA Director (d. 1991)

1905 – Sterling Holloway, Cedartown Ga, actor (Waldo-Life of Riley)

1908 – Angela Maria “Geli” Raubal, Austrian nude model/Hitler’s lover

1916 – Robert Parrish, Columbus Ga, director (Casino Royale)

1916 – Slim Gaillard [Bulee], Edinburgh, Scotland, American Jazz singer/songwriter (d. 1991)

1917 – Maurice Wohl, English broker/multi-millionaire

1919 – Havelock Henry Trevor Hudson, underwriter (Lloyd’s of London)

1920 – William Egan Colby, CIA director (Nixon)

1922 – Frank Wess, flutist/saxophonist/composer

1925 – Veikko Hakulinen, Finland, 30K/50K cross country skier (Oly-gold-1956)

1929 – Amitai W Etzioni, US sociologist (Active Society)

1929 – Bobby Tulloch, ornithologist

1930 – Don Shula, winningest NFL coach (Miami Dolphins)

1930 – Sorrell Booke, Buffalo NY, actor (Bye Bye Braverman, Black Like Me)

1931 – Adi Lady Lala Mara, First Lady of Fiji (d. 2004)

1932 – Richard Stahl, Detroit Mich, actor (Howard-It’s a Living)

1935 – Floyd Patterson, heavyweight champ (1956-59, 1960-62) (Oly-gold-1952)

1935 – Kenneth Money, Canada, astronaut (STS 42-alt)

1937 – Dyan Cannon, Tacoma Wash, Mrs Cary Grant/actress (Heaven Can Wait)

1937 – Grace Bumbry, St Louis, mezzo-soprano (Venus in Tannhäuser)

1940 – Brian Josephson, British physicist (Nobel 1973)

1940 – Gao Xingjian, Chinese-born French novelist and dramatist, Nobel laureate

1941 – Maureen Reagan, 1st daughter (Ronald Reagan)

1942 – John McLaughlin, rock guitarist (Sentimental Journey/Clouds of Joy)

1943 – Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer

1944 – Volker Hornback, rocker (Tangerine Dream)

1945 – Jay Dee Maness, Loma Linda Ca, singer (Desert Rose Band-Love Reunited)

1945 – Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel laureate

1946 – Susannah McCorkle, American jazz singer (d. 2001)

1951 – Barbara Ann Cochran, Claremont NH, slalom skier (Olympic-gold-1972)

1956 – Ann Magnuson, Charleston WV, actress (Anything But Love, Hunger)

1956 – Nels Cline, American guitarist and composer

1957 – Patty Loveless, [Ramey], Pikeville Ky, singer (Blue Side of Town)

 

 

 

1959 – Vanity, [Denise Matthews], Ontario Canadaactress (52 Pick Up)

 

 

 

 

 

1959 – Yoshitomo Nara, Japanese pop artist

 

 

 

1960 – Cory EversonRacine Wisconsinbody builder (6X Ms Olympia)

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – Michael Stipe, US rock vocalist (REM-Losing My Religion, Stand)

1962 – Patrick Cassidy, LA California, actor/composer (Fever Pitch, Off the Wall)

1963 – Dave Foley, actor/comedian (Kids In The Hall, Dave Nelson-NewsRadio)

1963 – Linda Muri, Killingly Conn, rower (Olympics-96)

1964 – Stephanie Maxwell-Pierson, Somerville NJ, US rower (Olympic-92)

1965 – Guy Forget, Morocco, tennis star

1965 – Julia Ormond, London England, actress (Sabrina, Legends of the Fall)

1965 – Mitch Booth, Australian tornado yachter (Olympics-96)

1965 – Beth Gibbons, English singer (Portishead)

1965 – Cait O’Riordan, British musician (The Pogues)

1967 – David Wayne Toms, Monroe LA, PGA golfer (1992 Northern Telecom-3rd)

1967 – Michael “Mike” Peterson, Wash DC, rower (Olympics-1996)

1971 – Junichi Kakizaki, Japanese artist, sculptor

1972 – James Longley, American documentary filmmaker

1973 – Harmony Korine, American film director and artist

1979 – Tristan Gommendy, French racing driver

1979 – Jeph Howard, American musician (The Used)

1980 – Yaroslav Popovych, Ukrainian cyclist

1985 – Fernando Rees, Brazilian race car driver

1989 – Graham Rahal, American race car driver

1995 – Harry Skinner, English skiier

 

 

Deaths

838 – Babak, Persian social/religious reformer, martyred

1248 – King Sancho II of Portugal (b. 1207)

1428 – Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, ‘The Warlike’ (b. 1370)

1564 – Hosokawa Ujitsuna, Japanese military commander (b. 1514)

1584 – Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter/cartoonist/playwright, dies at 44

1701 – Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austria, field marshal, dies at 62

1729 – Joseph de Montesquiou earl d’Artagnan, French lt-general, dies at 77

1752 – Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), dies at 47

1761 – Stephen Hales, English vicar/inventor (ventilator), dies at 83

1782 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect (Ecole Military), dies at 83

1821 – Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, 1st native-born American saint, dies in Maryland at 46

1877 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, US robber baron, dies at 82

1882 – John William Draper, English scientist, photographer (b. 1811)

1883 – Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)

1903 – Topsy the elephant (b. circa 1875)

1908 – Antony Winkler Prins, writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia), dies at 70

1910 – Leon Delagrange, French aviation pioneer, dies

1913 – Alfred von Schlieffen, Prussian general-field marshal, dies at 79

1914 – Silas Weir Mitchell, US physician/author (Free Quaker), dies at 84

1941 – Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Le Rire, Nobel 1928), dies at 81

1946 – Barney Oldfield, daredevil, dies at 67

1960 – Albert Camus, French author (Stranger), dies in an auto accident at 46

1961 – Barry Fitzgerald, actor (Going My Way), dies at 72

1961 – Erwin Schrodinger, Austrian physicist and Nobel Laureate, dies at 73

1965 – T S Eliot, poet and Nobel laureate (Washed Country), dies in London at 76

 

 

 

1967 – Donald Campbellboat racerdies trying to break 300 mph on water

 

 

 

 

 

 

1968 – Joseph Pholien, Belgian PM (1950-52) communist fighter, dies at 83

1969 – Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (b. 1908)

1970 – Jean-Étienne Valluy, French general (b. 1899)

1985 – Brian Gwynne Horrocks, English lt-general (A Full Life), dies at 89

1986 – Christopher Isherwood, British writer (Lions & Shadows), dies at 81

1986 – Phil Lynott, rocker (Thin Lizzy), dies of overdose at 34

1987 – Peggy Bacon, author/illustrator (Off With Their Heads), dies at 91

1988 – Lily Laskine, French harpist (b. 1893)

1990 – Robert F Adams, US, sci-fi author (Castaways in Time), dies at 57

 

 

 

1990 – Harold EdgertonAmerican electrical engineer (b. 1903)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1992 – William Walker, stuntman/actor (Our Man Flint), dies at 74

1995 – Eduardo Mata, Mexican conductor, dies in air crash at 52

1995 – Robert Clifford Latham, pepys Scholar, dies at 82

1995 – Sol Tax, American anthropologist (b. 1907)

1997 – Harry B Helmsley, owner (Empire State Building), dies at 87

2001 – Les Brown, American bandleader (b. 1912)

2003 – Sabine Ulibarri, Mexican American writer (b. 1919)

2003 – Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (b. 1923)

2003 – Conrad Hall, American cinematographer (b. 1927)

 

 

 

2004 – John TolandAmerican historian (b. 1912)

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Robert Heilbroner, American economist (b. 1919)

2005 – Frank Harary, American mathematician (b. 1921)

2005 – Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar (b. 1927)

2007 – Sir Lewis Hodges, British Air Chief Marshal (b. 1918)

2007 – Steve Krantz, American film and TV producer (Fritz the Cat) (b. 1923)

2007 – Osman Waqialla, Sudanese artist and calligrapher (b. 1925)

2007 – Helen Hill, American independent film-maker (b. 1970)

2008 – Joyce Carlson, American artist (b. 1923)

2009 – Giselle Salandy, Trinidad & Tobago female boxer (b. 1987)

2010 – Casey Johnson, American heiress and socialite (b. 1979)

2010 – Tsutomu Yamaguchi, Japanese Businessman, and Survivor of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atomic Bombings (b. 1916)

2011 – Gerry Rafferty, British musician and songwriter (b. 1947)

2012 – Eve Arnold, American photojournalist, dies at 99

2012 – James Crow, American geneticist, dies at 95

2012 – Rod Robbie, Canadian architect and planner, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

236 – St Anterus ends his reign as Catholic Pope

269 – St Felix I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

936 – Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII

1338 – Jacob of Arteveld elected mayor of Ghent

1407 – Bloody battles between Hoeksen & Kabeljauwen in Dordrecht

 

 

 

1431 – Joan of Arc handed over to the bishop

 

 

 

 

 

1496 – Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.

 

 

 

 

 

1521 – Martin Luther excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church

 

 

 

 

 

1638 – Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of “Hostage rights of Aemstel”

1749 – Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.

 

 

 

1777 – Washington defeats British at Battle of PrincetonNJ

 

 

 

 

 

1823 – Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.

1825 – Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community

1831 – 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn

1833 – Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic

1840 – 1st deep sea sounding

1852 – 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii

1861 – Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy

1861 – US Ft Pulaski & Ft Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia

1862 – Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester

1865 – Con Orem & Hugh O’Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match

1868 – Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan’s emperors

1870 – Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883

1871 – Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY

1872 – 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office

1888 – 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington DC

1889 – Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood

1890 – 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin

1896 – Emperor Wilhelm congratulates Pres Kruger on the Jameson Raid

1899 – The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times.

1900 – Perihelion Passage

1910 – British miners strike for 8 hour working day

1911 – US postal savings bank inaugurated

1918 – US employment service opens as a unit of Dept of Labor

1920 – NY Yankees purchase Babe Ruth from Red Sox for $125,000

1924 – British egyptologist Howard Carter finds sarcophagus of Tutankhamun

1925 – Benito Mussolini dissolves Italian parliament/becomes dictator

1926 – Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator

1929 – 27 year old William S Paley becomes CBS pres

1932 – Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.

1933 – Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.

1938 – March of Dimes established to fight polio

1939 – Gene Cox becomes 1st girl page in US House of Representatives

1941 – Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)

1941 – Italian counter offensive in Albania

1943 – 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)

1943 – Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa

 

 

 

1944 – World War IITop Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero , Medal Of Honor Recipient .

 

 

 

 

BOYINGTON, GREGORY Photo

 

 

 

 

1945 – Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

1945 – British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

1945 – US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

1947 – 1st opening session of Congress to be televised

1947 – William Dawson becomes 1st black to head congressional committee

1951 – 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians “exposed” as British/US agents

1952 – “Dragnet” with Jack Webb premieres on NBC TV

1953 – Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.

1956 – A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.

1957 – 1st electric watch introduced, Lancaster Pa

1958 – Edmund Hillary reaches South Pole overland

 

 

 

1959 – Alaska admitted as 49th US state

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba

1962 – Ground is broken for the Houston Astrodome

1964 – Jack Paar Show, shows a clip of the Beatles singing “She Loves You”

1967 – “Tonight Show” is shortened from 105 to 90 minutes

1967 – Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys is indicted for draft evasion

1970 – Marxist government takes over in Congo

1973 – George Steinbrenner III buys Yankees from CBS for $12 million

1974 – Gold hits record $121.25 an ounce in London

1977 – Apple Computers incorporate

1980 – Gold hits record $634 an ounce

1981 – Mary Terstegge Meagher swims female record 100 m butterfly (58.91)

1983 – Tony Dorsett sets NFL record with 99-yd rush, Dallas vs Minnesota

1984 – Syria frees captured US pilot after appeal from Jesse Jackson

1987 – Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inducts 1st female artist Aretha Franklin

1988 – Margaret Thatcher becomes longest-serving British PM this century

1990 – Panama’s leader Gen Manuel Noriega surrenders to US authorities

1992 – 32 Cubans defect to the US via helicopter

1993 – Junk bond king Michael Milkin is released from jail after 22 months

1994 – 100s killed in Venezuela in prison revolt

1994 – Tupolev-154M crashes at Irkutsk, Siberia: 122 killed

1994 – 35-foot-tall Chief Wahoo, trademark of Indians on top of Stadium since 1962, is taken down, to be moved to Jacob’s Field

1997 – The People’s Republic of China announces it will spend $27.7 billion USD to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys.

1999 – The Mars Polar Lander was launched.

2004 – Flight 604, a Boeing 737 owned by Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner, plunges into the Red Sea, killing all 148 people on board.

2009 – Israeli ground forces invade Gaza.

 

 

 

Births

106 BC – CiceroRoman statesman and philosopher (d. 43 BC)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1196 – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)

1624 – William Tucker, 1st Black child born in America

1680 – Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker

1698 – Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)

 

 

 

1710 – Richard GridleyAmerican Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)

 

 

 

 

 

1722 – Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)

 

 

 

1760 – John StormAmerican Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)

 

 

 

 

 

1763 – Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator

1789 – Carl G Carus, German physician/psychologist/philosopher

1793 – Lucretia Coffin Mott, US, teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist

1810 – Antoine T d’Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia) [or Jul 24]

1819 – Thomas Hill Watts, Atty Gen (Confederacy), died in 1892

1819 – Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)

1835 – Larkin Goldsmith Mead, sculptor

1836 – Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)

1840 – Father Joseph Damien de Veuster, Belgium, helped lepers in Hawaii

1861 – William Renshaw, British champion tennis player (d. 1904)

1879 – Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge, 1st lady (1923-29)

1883 – Clement Richard Attlee, (L) British PM (1945-51)

1886 – Josephine Hull, Newtonville MA, Academy award actress (Harvey)

1887 – Helen Parkhurst, US educator (Education on the Dalton plan)

 

 

 

1892 – John Ronald Reuel TolkienSouth Africaphilologist/writer (Lord of Rings)

 

 

 

 

 

1894 – ZaSu Pitts, American actress (d. 1963)

1897 – Pola Negri, [Barbara A Chalupec], Polish/US actress (Madame Bovary)

1898 – Johannes Hin, Holland, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1920)

1898 – ZaSu Pitts, Parsons Kansas, actress (Life With Father, Dames)

1901 – Ngo Dinh Diem, pres/dictator of South Vietnam (1955-63)

1903 – Charles Foulkes, Canada, general

1904 – Boris Kochno, Russian ballet dancer (La Chatte)

1905 – Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer

1905 – Ray Milland, Neath Wales, actor (Lost Weekend-Acad Award 1945)

1907 – Anna May Wong, LA California, actress (Impact, Study in Scarlet)

1909 – Victor Borge, [Borge Rosenbaum], Copenhagen Denmark, pianist/comedian

1910 – Thomas Stuart Willan, historian

1910 – Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player (d. 2000)

 

 

 

1911 – John SturgesUSdirector (Old Man & SeaMagnificent 7)

 

 

 

 

 

1916 – Betty Furness, NYC, actress/journalist/consumer activist (Studio 1)

1916 – Bernard Greenhouse, American cellist

1917 – Vernon Walters, NYC, US permanent rep to the UN

1917 – Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)

1918 – Maxene Andrews, Minn, singer (Andrew Sisters-Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy)

1924 – Nell Rankin, American singer (d. 2005)

1926 – Danny Overbea, blues singer/guitarist

1926 – George Martin, record producer (The Beatles)

1928 – Frank Ross Anderson, Canada, International Chess Master (1954)

 

 

 

1929 – Sergio LeoneItaliandirector (Fistful of Dollars)

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – Robert Loggia, Staten Island, actor (Officer & a Gentleman, THE Cat)

1930 – Marcel Dubé, Quebec playwright

1932 – Anatoli Petrovich Kuklin, Russia, cosmonaut

1932 – Coo Coo Marlin, American race car driver (d. 2005)

1939 – Bobby Hull, NHL forward (Chicago Blackhawk 1957-72)

1941 – Van Dyke Parks, Alabama, actor/musician (Bonino, Billy Crystal Hour)

1945 – Stephen Stills, Dallas TX, songwriter/guitarist (Cosby Stills & Nash)

1946 – John Paul Jones [John Baldwin], rock bassist (Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven)

1947 – Sergey Filipovich Protchenko, Russian cosmonaut

1948 – Larry McNeeley, Lafayette Ind, banjo player (Glen Campbell Hour)

1949 – Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (d. 1965)

1950 – Victoria Principal, Fukuoka Japan, actress (Earthquake, Pamela-Dallas)

1953 – Angelo Parisi, France, heavyweight judo (Olympic-gold-1980)

1954 – Ned Lamont, American businessman

1955 – Cynthia Sykes, Coffeyville Ky, actress (Flamingo Road, St Elsewhere)

1955 – Palmolive, English musician (The Slits, The Raincoats)

1956 – Mel Gibson, Peekskill NY, actor (Mad Max, Mrs Soffel, Lethal Weapon)

1956 – Willy T. Ribbs, American race car driver

1957 – Bojan Križај, Slovenian skier

1959 – Rusty Golden, rocker (Boys Band)

1960 – Joan Chen, [Chen Chung], Shanghai China, actress (Last Emperor)

1963 – Alex Wheatle MBE, black British novelist

1964 – Cheryl Miller, Riverside California, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1984)

1966 – Chetan Sharma, cricketer (Ind Test bowler, World Cup hat-trick 1987)

1967 – Joseph Amor, San Jose, video game record holder (Space Invaders)

1967 – Magnus Gustafsson, Sweden, tennis star

1968 – Kent Carlsson, Sweden, tennis star

1968 – Shannon Sturges, actress (Savannah)

 

 

 

1969 – Michael SchumacherHurthGermanyFormula One racing driver (seven time world champion)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1970 – Yogi Johl, Vancouver BC, 130 kg Greco Roman wrestler (Olympics-96)

1970 – Mahaya Petrosian, Iranian actress

1970 – Christian Duguay, American comic actor

1971 – Ku’ualoha Taylor, Hawaii, Miss USA (Hawaii-Miss Congeniality-1996)

1971 – Rene van Rijswijk, Dutch soccer player (RKC)

1972 – Deborah Carter, WNBA forward (Utah Starzz)

1973 – Paula Knoll, Moorhead Minnesota, Miss America-Minnesota (1996)

1974 – Alessandro Petacchi, Italian cyclist

1975 – Danica McKellar, actress (Winnie Cooper-Wonder Years) [or Mar 3]

1975 – Jason Marsden, actor (General Hospital, Eddie-Munsters Today)

1975 – Thomas Bangalter, French DJ (Daft Punk)

1976 – Nicholas Gonzalez, American actor

1977 – Beata Handra, SF California, dance skater (& Sinek-1997 Pac Coast Sr 3rd)

1980 – Angela Ruggiero, ice hockey defenseman (USA, Oly-98)

1980 – Rob Arnold, American guitarist (Chimaira)

1980 – Liya Kebede, Ethiopian model

1981 – Eli Manning, American football player

1981 – Chris Blais, California racecar driver

 

 

Deaths

235 – Pope St Anterus (b. unknown)

1098 – Walkelin, first Norman bishop of Winchester (b. unknown)

1322 – Philip V, the Tall, King of France (1316-22), dies

1437 – Catherine of Valois, wife of Henry V of England (b. 1401)

1501 – Ali Sjir Neva’i [Fani], Turkish poet/author, dies at 59

1543 – Juan Cabrillo, conqueror of Cen America, discoverer of California, dies

1552 – Henry II of Bavaria, bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), dies at 64

1628 – Francesco Maria Guaitoli, composer, dies at 64

1641 – Jeremiah Horrocks, English astronomical prodigy, dies at 22

1661 – Maria I Stuart, Queen of England/husband of Willem II, dies at 29 [NS]

1670 – George Monck, English general(-to the-sea), dies at 61

1743 – Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)

1759 – Marquis & Marquess of Tavora, Portugese nobles, executed

1779 – Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)

1795 – Josiah Wedgwood, British, ceramic craftsman/woodworker, dies at 64

1813 – Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)

1826 – Louis Gabriel Suchet, French marshal (b. 1770)

1875 – George Bizet, composer, dies

1882 – William H Ainsworth, English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76

1895 – James Merritt Ives, American lithographer with Nathaniel Currier (b. 1824)

1898 – James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (vacuum pump), dies at 70

1903 – Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837)

 

 

 

1916 – Grenville M. DodgeAmerican Civil War Union Army Major General (b. 1831)

 

 

 

 

 

1927 – Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (b. 1856)

 

 

 

1945 – Edgar CayceAmerican psychic (b. 1877)

 

 

 

 

 

1946 – William Joyce, (Lord Haw Haw), hanged in Britain for treason

1967 – Jack Ruby, assassin who killed assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, dies at 55

1969 – Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (b. 1909)

1970 – Gladys Aylward, British missionary in China; portrayed by Ingrid Bergman in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (b. 1902)

1972 – Frans Masereel, Flem WWII resistance fighter (Le Soleil), dies at 82

1975 – Robert Neumann, Austrian/British author (False Flag), dies at 77

1976 – Michael V Love, US test pilot (X-24), dies in F-4 crash at 37

1979 – Conrad Hilton, US founder (Hilton Hotels), dies at 91

1980 – Axel Springer Jr, German photographer, commits suicide at 38

1980 – Ivan Triesault, actor (Von Ryan’s Express, Desert Fox), dies at 81

1980 – Joy Adamson, author (Born Free), killed by her servant at 69

1980 – Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (b. 1892)

1988 – William Cagney, actor (Torrid Zone), dies of a heart attack at 82

 

 

 

1988 – Joie ChitwoodAmerican racedriver & Daredevil (b. 1912)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1989 – Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)

1990 – Arthur Gold, American pianist, half of Gold and Fizdale duo (b. 1917)

1992 – Anthony Del Casino, band leader (Charlie Barnet Band), dies at 79

1994 – Roel Bazen, Dutch sound technician (Van Kooten & The Bie), dies at 48

1994 – Heather Sears, British actress (b. 1935)

1995 – Al Duncan, drummer, dies at 68

1996 – Geoffrey Pardoe, engineer, dies at 67

2002 – Freddy Heineken, Dutch beer executive (b. 1923)

2007 – William Verity Jr., United States Secretary of Commerce 1987-1989 (b. 1917)

2007 – Michael Yeats, Irish Fianna Fáil senator 1961-1981 and son of W.B. Yeats (b. 1921)

2008 – Natasha Collins, British actress and television presenter (b. 1976)

2009 – Pat Hingle, American actor (b. 1924)

2009 – Ulf G. Lindén, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1937)

2012 – Wylie Walker Vale, American Endocrinologist who discovered the stress hormone, dies at 70.

2012 – Robert L Carter, American civil rights activist and judge, dies after complications from a stroke at 94

2012 – Winifred Milius Lubell, American illustrator and writer, dies of congestive heart failure at 97

2012 – Harold Zirin, American astronomer, dies at 82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

69 – Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, emperor

 

 

 

366 – The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbersinvading the Roman Empire.

 

 

 

 

 

533 – John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1235 – Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names

 

 

 

1492 – Spain recaptures Granada from the Moors (Granada Day)

 

 

 

 

 

1570 – Tsar Ivan the Terrible’s march to Novgorod begins

1602 – Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English army at Kinsdale

1757 – British troops occupy Calcutta India

1776 – 1st revolutionary flag displayed

1788 – Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution

 

 

 

1791 – Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Countrymarking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.

 

 

 

 

 

1811 – US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)

1818 – The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.

1831 – Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston

1832 – 1st Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens

1833 – Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands.

1839 – 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)

1842 – 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn

1861 – SC seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor

1861 – Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia

1863 – Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone’s River) ends

1879 – British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die

1882 – Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust

1885 – Gen Wolseley receives last distress signal of Gen Gordon in Khartoum

1890 – Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer

1890 – Record 19’2″ alligator shot in Louisiana by E A McIlhenny

1893 – 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)

1896 – Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)

1903 – Pres T Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black

1905 – Japanese troops capture Port Arthur

1905 – The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.

1919 – Anti-British uprising in Ireland

1920 – 10,000 US union & socialist organizers arrested (Palmer Raids)

1929 – US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls

1932 – Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri

1933 – US troops leave Nicaragua

1935 – Bruno R Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Lindbergh baby

1936 – 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Mo

1938 – Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded

1941 – World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.

1941 – World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.

1942 – 28 nations, at war with Axis, pledge no separate peace

1942 – German troops in Bardia surrender

1942 – Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines

1942 – The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey.

1944 – 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)

1945 – Allied air raid on Neurenberg

1947 – Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali

1959 – Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista flees

1960 – John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years

1965 – NY Jets sign quarterback Joe Namath

1966 – 1st Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion

1968 – Christian Barnard performs 2nd heart transplant

 

 

 

1969 – Operation Barrier Reef begins in the Mekong DeltaVietnam.

 

 

 

 

 

1970 – US population is 293,200,000; Black population: 22,600,000 (11.1%)

1971 – A barrier collapses at Ibrox Park football ground at end of a soccer match in Glasgow Scotland, killing 66

1972 – Mariner 9 begins mapping Mars

1974 – 55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon

1974 – Worst fire in Argentine history destroys 1.2 million acres

1975 – US Dept of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species

1979 – Sid Vicious’ trial for murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen begins

1981 – Mary Terstegge Meagher swims female record 200 m butterfly (2:05.65)

1984 – Riot in Tunis kills over 100

1984 – Wilson Goode, sworn-in as Phila’s 1st black mayor

1986 – 191.66 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

1988 – Mulroney & Reagan sign Canada-US free trade agreement

1989 – UCLA wins a record 7th consecutive bowl game

1990 – Dow Jones hits record 2,800 (2,810.15)

1994 – Battles between army & rebellious indians in South Mexico, kill 57

1995 – Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (est 15 billion light years away)

1999 – A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.

2004 – Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.

 

 

 

Births

1642 – Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey)

 

 

 

1647 – Nathaniel Baconleader of Bacon’s RebellionVa (1676)

 

 

 

 

 

1699 – Osman III, sultan (Turkey)

1713 – Marie Dumesnil, French actress (d. 1803)

1719 – Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder (d. 1797)

 

 

 

1727 – James WolfeWesterham, KentEnglandBritish Army officerdefeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec

 

 

 

 

 

1752 – Philip Freneau, poet of American Revolution (The American Village)

1803 – Gugliemo Libri, [della Somaia], Ital/Fren mathematician/book collector

1822 – Rudolph J E Clausius, Germany, physicist (thermodynamics)

1827 – Peter Semenov of Tian Shan, Russian explorer (d. 1914)

1835 – Charles Russell Lowell Jr, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1857 – Frederick Opper, cartoonist (Maud, Alphonse & Gaston)

1857 – Martha Carey Thomas, educator/president (Bryn Mawr College)

1860 – William C Mills, museum curator (excavated Ohio Indian mounds)

1861 – Helen Herron Taft, 1st lady (1909-12)

1863 – Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)

1879 – Pieter Tesch, Dutch geologist (Pedestal of Nederlands)

1880 – Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer

1885 – Johannes Ringers, Dutch water engineer (dikes)

1886 – Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English Antarctic explorer (d. 1959)

1893 – Lillian Leitzel, German acrobat and strongwoman (d. 1931)

1896 – Sir Lawrence Wackett, Australian aircraft engineer (d. 1982)

1899 – Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgium, premier/sec-gen of NATO (1957-61)

1901 – Robert Marshall, founder (Wilderness Society)

1902 – Barry Goldwater, American politician (d. 1998)

1903 – Anton van Duinkerken, [Willem JMA Asselbergs], literary

1904 – Sally Rand, Hickory County MO, stripper (fan dance)

1905 – Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (d. 1938)

1907 – Edward Albert Radice, economist

1913 – Ernest Sidey, British air marshal

 

 

 

1920 – Isaac AsimovRussiascientist/writer (I RobotFoundation Trilogy)

 

 

 

 

 

1925 – Adm William J Crowe JrKentuckychairman joint chief of staff

 

 

 

 

 

1928 – Dan Rostenkowski, (Rep-D-Il, -94)

1928 – Vaughn Beals, Cambridge Mass, CEO (Harley Davidson motorcycle)

1928 – Avie Bennett, Canadian philanthropist

1929 – Art Prysock, jazz musician

1930 – Julius LaRosa, Bkln NY, singer (fired by Arthur Godfrey on the air)

1932 – Dabney Coleman, Austin Texas, (That Girl, Mary Hartman, Buffalo Bill)

1936 – Roger Miller, Fort Worth Tx, country singer (King of the Road, Dang Me)

1937 – Marianne McDonald, classicist/philanthropist

1938 – Ian Brady, British serial killer

1939 – Jim Bakker, televangelist (PTL Club)/rapist (Jessica Hahn)

1940 – S. R. S. Varadhan, Indian-American mathematician

 

 

 

1942 – Hugh Shelton14th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

 

 

 

 

 

1947 – Aleksandr Tikhonova, USSR, biathalon relay (Oly-gold-1968, 72, 76, 80)

 

 

 

1947 – Lanny BasshamUSrifle-3 position (Olympic-gold-1976)

 

 

 

 

 

1947 – Jack Hanna, American zoologist

1949 – Chick Churchill, Wales, keyboardist (Ten Years After-I’m Going Home)

1949 – Christopher Durang, Montclair NJ, playwright/actor (Sister Mary)

1950 – David Shifrin, American classical clarinetist

1951 – Nadia Cassini, [Gianna Lou Muller], Woodstock NY, model (Oui)

1952 – Ricky Van Shelton, Grit Va, country singer (Wild-Eyed Dream)

1952 – Graeme Strachan, Australian rock singer (Skyhooks) (d. 2001)

1954 – Ludmila Borozna, USSR, volleyball player (Olympic-gold-1972)

1955 – Tex Brashear, American voice actor

1956 – Lynda Barry, American cartoonist

1957 – Joanna Pacula, Tomszowaubelski Poland, actress (Gorky Park, Kiss)

1960 – Naoki Urasawa, Japanese manga author

1961 – Todd Haynes, American film director

1963 – David Cone, KC Mo, baseball pitcher (NY Mets/Tor Blue Jays/NY Yankees)

1963 – Edgar Martinez, NYC, baseball 1st baseman (Seattle Mariners)

1964 – Pernell Whitaker, boxer (Olympic-gold)

1966 – Tia Carrere, [Althea Janairo], Honolulu, actress (Wayne’s World)

1968 – Cuba Gooding Jr, actor (Boyz N the Hood, Glaadiator, Few Good Men)

 

 

 

1969 – Christy TurlingtonSF Californiamodel (Calvin Klein Eternity)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Tommy Morrison, American boxer

1971 – Taye Diggs, American actor

1975 – Chris Cheney, Australian musician (The Living End)

1976 – Paz Vega, Spanish actress

1980 – Stephanie Stiegler, Santa Monica California, pairs skater (& Zimmerman)

1980 – Mac Danzig, American Mixed martial arts combatant

1983 – Kate Bosworth, American actress

 

 

Deaths

17 – Roman poet Ovid (in Latin: Publius Ovidius Naso), dies

1512 – Svante, Regent of Sweden (b. 1460)

1514 – William Smyth, English bishop and statesman (bc. 1460)

1557 – Pontormo, Italian painter (b. 1494)

1685 – Harbottle Grimston, English politician (b. 1603)

1694 – Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (b. 1651)

1789 – Franz Joseph Leonti Meyer von Schavensee, composer, dies at 68

1790 – Joseph A Feuchtmayer (Feichtmayer), German rococo sculptor, dies

1863 – Roger Weightman Hanson, Confederate brig-gen, dies in Battle of Murfreesboro at 35

1892 – George B Airy, English astronomer/writer, dies at 90

1893 – John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (b. 1805)

 

 

 

1904 – James LongstreetConfederate generaldies at 82

 

 

 

 

 

1955 – Jose Antonio Remon, president of Panama (1952-55), assassinated

1963 – Dick Powell, actor/director (Dick Powell Theater), dies at 58

1963 – Jack Carson, actor (Star is Born, Mildred Pierce), dies at 52

1974 – Tex Ritter, country singer (5 Star Jubilee), dies at 67

1977 – Erroll Garner, jazz pianist (Misty), dies at 53

1980 – Larry Williams, rocker, dies at 44

1986 – Una Merkel, US actress (Abraham Lincoln), dies at 82

1986 – Bill Veeck, American baseball executive (b. 1914)

1990 – Alan Hale Jr, Skipper on Gilligan’s Island, dies of cancer at 71

1994 – Caesar Romero, actor (Joker-Batman), dies at 86

1994 – Dixy Lee Ray, chairwoman (US Atomic Energy Comm), dies at 79

1995 – Mohammed Siyad Barre, president of Somalia (1969-91), dies

1996 – Sydney Thompson, rock Climber, dies at 81

1996 – Thornton Page, astrophysicist, dies at 82

1997 – Randy California, [Wolfe], rock guitarist, dies at 45

2000 – Patrick O’Brian, British novelist (b. 1914)

 

 

 

2000 – Elmo R. ZumwaltJr., USadmiral (b. 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

2000 – Nat Adderley, American musician and composer (b. 1931)

2001 – Teri Diver, American actress (b. 1971)

2005 – Maclyn McCarty, American geneticist (b. 1911)

2007 – David Perkins, Stanford University geneticist (b. 1919)

2007 – Sergio Jiménez, Mexican actor (b. 1937)

2007 – Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, American historian (b. 1941)

2007 – Robert C. Solomon, American scholar of continental philosophy (b. 1942)

2007 – Dan Shaver, NASCAR driver and ARCA race car driver/owner (b. 1950)

2007 – Richard Newton, Australian-born technology pioneer and professor (b. 1951)

2007 – Garry Betty, American CEO of Earthlink (b. 1957)

2009 – Maria de Jesus, Portuguese supercentenarian (b. 1893)

 

 

 

2011 – Richard D. WintersAmerican Major ,US Army ,  (b.1918)

 

 

 

 

 

2012 – Larry “Rhino” Reinhardt, rock guitarist (Iron Butterfly) dies at 63

2012 – David Barron, British physicist and computer scientist, at 76 (b.1935)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

153 BC – Roman consuls begin their year in office.

45 BC – The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.

1 – Origin of Christian Era

69 – Roman garrison of Mainz uprising

89 – Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome

313 – Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction

 

 

 

404 – Last Gladiator Fight in Rome

 

 

 

 

 

630 – The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that captures it bloodlessly.

722 – Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord

990 – Russia adopts Julian calendar

1259 – Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.

1430 – Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services

1438 – Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Hungary

1502 – Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro

1504 – King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta

1573 – Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem

1610 – German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610

1660 – 1st entry in Samuel Pepys’ diary

1660 – General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London

1673 – Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston

1772 – First traveler’s cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities

1776 – Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag

 

 

 

1781 – 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne’s command rebel against the Continental Army’s winter camp in MorristownNew Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; RegimentMutiny of 1781.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1788 – Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves

1797 – Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY

1800 – Dutch East Indies Company dissolves

1801 – The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

1801 – The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.

1804 – Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)

1808 – Congress prohibits importation of slaves

1809 – Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid

1814 – Field marshal Blucher’s troops cross the Rhine at Kaub

1818 – Official reopening of the White House

1831 – William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal

1846 – Yucatan declares independence from Mexico

1847 – Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment

1851 – City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line

1852 – National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds

1853 – 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service

1860 – Slavery ends of in Neth Indies

1861 – President Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful

1862 – 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)

1862 – Battle of Ft McRee, FL Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry)

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of GalvestonTexas-Confederates recapture the city

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln

1876 – The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.

1880 – Building of Panama Canal, begins

1886 – 1st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena California)

1891 – French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed

1892 – Ellis Island becomes reception center for new immigrants

1894 – Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic

1896 – Wilhelm Roentgen announces his discovery of x-rays

1899 – Cuba liberated from Spain by US (Natl Day) (US occupies till 1902)

1901 – Australia declares independence from federation of UK colonies

1902 – 1st Rose Bowl game (Pasadena, California) (U of Mich-49, Sanford-0)

1906 – Dutch law makes driver’s license mandatory

1907 – Pres Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day

1908 – 1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square

1909 – Robert Fowler runs then world record marathon (2:52:45.4)

1909 – Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.

1912 – 1st running of SF’s famed “Bay to Breakers” race (7.63 miles/12.3 km)

1912 – Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic

1915 – DW Griffith shows “Clansman” at a sneak preview

1916 – 1st football game in Rose Bowl (Washington State-Brown)

1919 – Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company.

1923 – Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established

1928 – 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio

1930 – Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant

1934 – Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison

1934 – Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective

1935 – 1st Sugar Bowl & 1st Orange Bowl

1935 – Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto

1935 – Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM

1935 – Pres Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself “Ataturk: Father of Turkey”

1937 – Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua

1937 – Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain

1937 – US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio

1941 – Russian general Zhukov appointed chief of general staff

1942 – US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis

1943 – Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel

1944 – Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football “Arab Bowl,” Oran, North Africa

1944 – Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army

1945 – German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels

1948 – General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective

1948 – British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.

1950 – Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo China

 

 

 

1951 – Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines

 

 

 

 

 

1956 – A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people.

1957 – An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA’s Operation Harvest.

1959 – Castro leads Cuba to victory as Fulgencio Batista flees to Dom Rep

1960 – Johnny Cash plays 1st of many free concerts behind bars

1961 – Largest check issued, Natl Bank of Chicago to Sears ($960.242 billion)

1962 – Beatles’ Decca audition is unsuccessful

 

 

 

1962 – United States Navy SEALs established.

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Palestinian al-Fatah organization forms

1966 – Simon & Garfunkel’s “Sounds of Silence” reaches #1

1966 – All US cigarette packs have to carry “Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health”

1968 – Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to jump Caesar’s Palace Fountain

1971 – Cigarette advertisements banned on TV

1975 – Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell & Mardian convicted of Watergate crime

1976 – Liberty Bell moves to new home behind Independence Hall

1976 – NBC replaces the peacock logo

1976 – Venezuela nationalizes oil fields

1977 – 1st woman formally ordained an Episcopal priest (Jacqueline Means)

1977 – Tony Dorsett runs for record 202 yards in the Sugar Bowl

1978 – Air India B747 explodes near Bombay killing 213

1978 – Pres Ford signs 1st major revision of copyright law since 1909

1979 – US & China (Peoples Republic) begin diplomatic relations

1980 – Mob storms Russian embassy in Teheran

1982 – Clemson wins the Orange Bowl for college football championship

1983 – TCP/IP protocols become the only approved protocol on the ARPANET, replacing the earlier NCP protocol

1984 – AT&T’s 22 owned Bell system companies divests into 8 companies

1985 – US’s 1st manadatory seat belt law goes into effect (NY)

1985 – VH-1 made its broadcasting debut

1985 – The Internet’s Domain Name System is created.

1985 – The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone.

1987 – 60 bodies recovered in Dupont Plaza Hotel fire in Puerto Rico

1988 – Czech born tennis star Hana Mandikova becomes an Australian Citizen

1990 – David Dinkins sworn in as 1st black mayor of NYC

1990 – Mitsuko Nishiwaki beats Nakano to become Japan Women wrestling champ

1991 – 5% sales tax on consumer goods & services goes into effect in USSR

1991 – Iraq rejects peace proposal from Egyptian Pres Hosi Mubarak

1993 – Cigarette advertisements are banned in NYC’s MTA

1994 – Aleksandr Popov swims world record 100m free style (47.83)

1994 – Howard Stern’s New Year’s Eve Beauty Pageant

1994 – North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect

1994 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican State of Chiapas.

1995 – Centennial of Canadian Mounties presence in Canada’s Yukon Territory

1995 – Last “Far Side” by cartoonist Gary Larson (started 1980)

1995 – The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves.

1996 – After 27 years, Betty Rubble debuts as a Flintstone vitamin

1998 – All California bars, clubs & card rooms must be smoke-free

1998 – US Census Bureau estimates population at 268,921,733

2000 – Gisbourne, New Zealand population 32,754 is first city in the world to welcome in the new millennium

2002 – The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially comes into force.

2006 – Sydney, Australia swelters through its hottest New Years Day on record. The thermometre peaked at 45 degrees celsius, sparking bushfires and power outages.

2007 – Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Indonesia with 102 people on board.

2008 – A New Hampshire law legalizing civil unions for same-sex couples comes into effect.

2009 – 61 die in nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.

2010 – Suicide car bomb detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100

 

 

Births

766 – Ali al-Rida, Shia Imam (d. 818)

1431 – Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia], Spanish/Italian pope (1492-1503)

1449 – Lorenzo de ‘Medici (The Magnificent), Florentine statesman (d. 1492)

1467 – Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland

1484 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (d. 1531)

1511 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall (d. 1511)

1516 – Margaret Leijonhufvud, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)

1622 – Isaac Sweers, Dutch Admiral/general/Civil rights activist

1638 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)

1711 – Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)

 

 

 

1735 – Paul Reveresilversmith/US patriot (British are coming)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1745 – “Mad” Anthony WaynegeneralAmerican Revolution 

 

 

 

 

 

1750 – Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (d. 1801)

 

 

 

1752 – Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag

 

 

 

 

 

1774 – André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)

1809 – John Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet (Silver Fleet)

1814 – Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)

1815 – Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)

1819 – George Foster Shepley, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1878

1823 – Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1849)

1827 – William Lewis “Old Tige” Cabell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1833 – Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (d. 1902)

1838 – William Hugh Young, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

1852 – Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)

 

 

 

1864 – Alfred StieglitzUS photographer/art dealer (Camera Work)

 

 

 

 

 

1867 – Lew Fields, comedian (of Weber & Fields)

1874 – Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927

1874 – Frank Knox, American Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)

1876 – Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)

1878 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)

1879 – Edward M Forster, England, novelist (Howards End, Passage to India)

1879 – Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)

1880 – Edie Martin, London England, actress (Titfield Thunderbolt)

1887 – Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral/head German military intelligence

 

 

 

1888 – John C GarandAmerican inventor,Arms Designer (d. 1974)

 

 

 

 

 

1889 – Charles Bickford, Cambridge Mass, actor (John-The Virginian)

1894 – Shitsu Nakano, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)

1894 – Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian mathematician (d. 1974)

1895 – J Edgar Hoover, Washington, D.C., first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72)

1898 – George van Derton, Belgian racer (won 500 race)

1900 – Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF)

1900 – Xavier Cugat, Barcelona Spain, bandleader (married Abbe Lane, Charo)

1905 – Stanisław Mazur, Polish mathematician (d. 1981)

1906 – Frank Stack, Canada, speed skater (Olympic-bronze-1932)

1908 – Kinue Hitoma, Japan, 800m runner (Oly-silver-1928)

1909 – Barry Goldwater, (Sen-R-Az, 1953-65, 69- )/Pres candidate (R) 1964)

1909 – Dana Andrews, Collins Miss, actor (Battle of the Bulge, Laura)

1911 – Hank Greenberg, Hall-of-Fame 1st baseman (Detroit Tiger)

1912 – Kim Philby, British spy/Soviet mole

1912 – Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician (d. 1995)

1914 – Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and SOE agent (d. 1944)

 

 

 

1918 – Patrick Anthony PorteousScottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)

 

 

 

 

 

1919 – Carole Landis, Fairchild WI, actress (One Million BC, Topper Returns)

1919 – J[erome] D[avid] Salinger, NYC, novelist (Catcher in the Rye)

1919 – Rocky Graziano, New York City, US boxer (Middleweight champ) and entertainer (Pantomime Quiz, Miami Undercover)

1921 – Alain Mimoun O’Kacha, Algerian/French cross country (Oly-gold-1956)

1923 – Chalmers Goodlin, US test pilot (XS-1)

1923 – Milton Jackson, US, vibraphonist (Milt of Bags)

1925 – Matthew “Stymie” Beard, American actor (d. 1981)

1927 – Doak Walker, American football star (d. 1998)

1927 – Vernon L. Smith, American economist, winner

1928 – Ernest R Tidyman, Ohio, novelist/screenwriter (French Connection)

1929 – Holling Gustav Vapor, character on Northern Exposure

1930 – Ty Hardin, NYC, actor (Riptide, Bronco) [or Jun 1]

1931 – Siddig El Nigoumi, ceramicist

1933 – James A Abrahamson, USAF/astronaut

1935 – Valentin Nikolaevich N Benderov, Russia, cosmonaut

1935 – B. Kliban, American cartoonist (d. 1990)

1936 – Willye B White, US jumper (Olympics-silver-1956)

1940 – Frank Langella, Bayonne NJ, actor (Dracula, Diary of a Mad Housewife)

1942 – Country Joe McDonald, California, rock guitarist/vocalist (& the Fish)

1942 – Don Novello, [Father Guido Sarducci], Ashtabula Oh, comedian (SNL)

1942 – Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)

1943 – Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, Indian scientist

1943 – Don Novello, American actor

1945 – Jacques Ickx, Belgium, Le Mans auto race (6-time winner)

1946 – Manfred Stengl, Austria, 2 man lugist (Olympic-gold-1960)

1947 – Alexei Ivanovich Bobrov, Russia, cosmonaut

1947 – Gary “BB” Coleman, blues vocal/guitarist/producer

1947 – Vladimir Georgiyevich Titov, Rus cosmonaut (Soyuz T-8, TM-4, STS 63)

1948 – Pavel Grachev, Russian general

1949 – Nikolai Tikhonovich Moskalenko, Russia, cosmonaut

1950 – Svetlana Georgievna Beregovkina, Russia, cosmonaut

1950 – Yevgeni Vladimirovich Saley, cosmonaut

1951 – Jaco Pastorius, rocker

1951 – Hans-Joachim Stuck, German race car driver

1953 – Greg Carmichael, British guitarist (Acoustic Alchemy)

1956 – Anatoli Borisovich Polonsky, Russia, lt-colonel/cosmonaut

1956 – Sergei Vasiliyevich Avdeyev, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-15, SK:TM-28)

1956 – Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (d. 2000)

1958 – Grandmaster Flash, [Joseph Saddler], NYC, rocker (Message)

1959 – Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghanistan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6)

1961 – Marcia Cross, actress (Melrose Place)

1962 – Ravshanbek Aliyev, Kirgiz, cosmonaut

1963 – Lina Kačiušytė, Lithuanian swimmer

1964 – DeDee Pfeiffer, actress (Cybill)

1966 – Mika Nieminen, Tampere FIN, hockey forward (Team Finland, Oly-br-1998)

1968 – Sandy Beasley, Richmond BC, softball outfielder (Olympics-96)

1969 – Morris Chestnut, actor (Boyz N the Hood)

1969 – Verne Troyer, American actor

1969 – Nicolle Dickson, Australian actress

1970 – Brian Morton, Wollongong Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1972 – DJ Shadow, American DJ and songwriter

1976 – Caleb Wyatt, American motocross rider

1977 – Keeley Hawes, British actress

1980 – Elin Nordegren, Swedish model

1981 – Zsolt Baumgartner, Hungarian race car driver

1981 – Abdülkadir Koçak, Turkish boxer

1981 – Jonas Armstrong, Irish actor

1981 – Eden Riegel, American actress

1983 – Emi Kobayashi, Japanese model

1984 – Shareefa, American singer

 

 

Deaths

379 – Saint Basil the Great, Bishop of Caesare and theologian (Moralia), dies

404 – Telemachus, Roman monk, murdered

874 – Hasan al-Askari, eleventh Shia Imam (b. 846)

898 – Odo, earl of Paris/king of France (888-98), dies at about 39

962 – Boudouin III, count of Flanders, dies

1204 – King Haakon III of Norway (c. 1170)

1387 – Charles, The Bad, King of Navarra (1349-87) dies burnt alive

1517 – Hermann Vischer, the Younger, German bronze merchant, dies

1554 – Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador (b. 1500)

1560 – Guillaume du Bellay, Sieur de Langey, French soldier, dies

1630 – Tetsugen, Zen teacher (Jodo sect converted to Obaku Zen), dies

1631 – Thomas Hobson, the “Cambridge Carrier”, eponym of Hobson’s Choice (b. 1544)

1697 – Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine biographer/historian (b. 1624)

1748 – Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1667)

1759 – Jacques-Joachim Trotti, marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer (b. 1705)

 

 

 

1787 – Arthur MiddletonUS farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 44

 

 

 

 

 

1793 – Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, dies at 80

1796 – Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician (b. 1735)

1800 – Louis J M Daubenton, France, zoologist, dies at 83

1817 – Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium), dies at 73

1853 – Gregory Blaxland, Australian explorer (b. 1778)

1862 – Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist (b. 1801)

1894 – Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist (b. 1857)

1896 – Alfred Ely Beach, American inventor (b. 1826)

1919 – Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)

1943 – Colonel Andrew Summers Rowan, U.S. military officer who gave “a message to Garcia” (b. 1857)

1949 – Malcolm Campbell, English cyclist (world speed-record), dies at 63

1953 – Hank Williams, country singer (Cold Cold Heart), dies at 29

1957 – Ruth Draper, US elocutionist, dies at 67 or 72

1957 – Seán South and Fergal O’Hanlon are killed in the Brookeborough Raid.

1958 – Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)

1967 – Moon Mullican, rocker, dies at 58

1969 – Barton Maclane, actor (Gen Peterson-I Dream of Jeannie), dies at 68

1972 – Maurice A Chevalier, French actor (Can Can, Gigi), dies at 83

1980 – Frank Clifford Wykoff, sprinter (Olympic-gold-28, 32, 36), dies at 70

1982 – Victor Buono, actor (Mr Schubert-Man from Atlantis), dies at 43

1982 – Vladimir K Zworykin, Russ/American engineer (cathode-ray tube), dies

1984 – Alexis Korner, British blues musician (b. 1928)

1985 – Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor (b. 1905)

1988 – Leo Steiner, NY Carnegie Deli’s owner, dies

1992 – Grace Hopper, computer scientist, dies at 85

1994 – Cesar Romero, US actor (Joker-Batman), dies at 86

1995 – Eugene Wigner, physicist (Nobel prize for physics-1963), dies at 92

1995 – Frederick West, Engl contractor/serial killer, commits suicide at 53

1995 – Jess Stacy, US jazz pianist (Great Gatsby), dies at 90

1995 – Ted Hawkins, US blues singer (Watch Your Step), dies at 58

 

 

 

1996 – Arleigh Albert BurkeUS Admiraldies at 94

 

 

 

 

 

1996 – Arthur Rudolph, rocket Engineer, dies at 89

1997 – Townes Van Zandt, musician, dies at 52

1998 – Helen Wills Moody Roark, tennis ace (31 Grand Slams), dies at 92

2001 – Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914)

2003 – Joe Foss, American politician, fighter pilot and AFL Commissioner (b. 1915)

2006 – Hugh McLaughlin, Irish publisher and inventor (b. 1918)

2007 – Leon Davidson, American scientist known for studying UFOs (b. 1922)

2007 – Roland Levinsky, South African medical scientist (b. 1943)

2007 – Leonard Fraser, Australian serial killer (b. 1951)

2007 – Del Reeves, American country singer (b. 1932)

2007 – Tad Jones, American jazz music historian (b. 1952)

2008 – Harold Corsini, American photographer (b. 1919)

2012 – Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician, and pro-democracy activist, dies from a heart attack at 50

2012 – Fred Milano, American doo-wop singer, member of the Vocal Group Hall of Fame, dies from lung cancer at 72

2012 – Marcelle Narbonne, French supercentenarian and oldest person in Europe, died at 113

2012 – Hermann Guggiari, Paraguayan engineer and sculptor, dies at 88

2012 – Bob Anderson, English Olympic fencer and renowned film fight choreographer, dies at 90

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

987 – French King Hugo Capet crowns his son Robert the compassionate king

1317 – Pontifical degree “Sancta Romania” against spiritualists

 

 

 

1460 – Wars of the RosesBattle of Wakefield.

 

 

 

 

 

1621 – English king James I cracks Protestation of Parliament

1672 – Baron Karl Rabenhaupt occupies Coevorden Neth

1685 – Don Francisco de Agurto installed as land guardian of S Netherlands

1703 – Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die

1809 – Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston

1813 – Danzig surrenders to allied armies

1817 – 1st coffee planted in Hawaii (Kona)

1835 – After gold discovery in Ga, Cherokees forced to move across Miss R

1853 – A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London.

1854 – Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co, 1st in US, incorporated in NYC

1861 – US, banks stops payments in gold

1873 – American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures & money

 

 

 

1896 – José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila.

 

 

 

 

 

1897 – Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony

1903 – Electric arc lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history

1905 – Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho.

1915 – Cromarty Harbour, Scot-British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die

1917 – -32°F (-36°C) in Mountain City, Tennessee (state record)

1917 – -37°F (-38°C) in Lewisburg, WV (state record)

1918 – John E Hoover decides to be called J Edgar Hoover

1924 – Edwin Hubble announces existence of other galactic systems

1926 – Chicago Tribune reports the Tigers threw a 4-game series to the White Sox in 1917 to help Chicago win the pennant (never substaniated)

1933 – -50°F (-46°C) in Bloomfield, Vermont (state record)

1938 – Electronic television system patented (V K Zworykin)

1940 – California’s 1st freeway, (Arroyo Seco Parkway), opens

1952 – Tuskegee Inst reports 1952 as 1st yr in 71 with no lynchings in US

1953 – The first ever NTSC color television sets go on sale for about USD at $1,175 each from RCA.

1959 – George Washington, 1st ballistic missile sub commissioned

1963 – “Let’s Make A Deal,” debuts on NBC-TV

1971 – Long Island NHL franchise purchased (NY Islanders)

1972 – Pres Nixon halts bombing of North Vietnam & announces peace talks

 

 

 

1973 – 1st picture of a comet from space (Comet Kohoutek-Skylab)

 

 

 

 

 

1979 – Rock group, Emerson, Lake & Palmer break up

1979 – Togo adopts constitution

1987 – Premier Mugabe elected president of Zimbabwe

1988 – Mercedes-Benz pays $20.2-M fine failed to meet ’86 government fuel standard

1988 – North subpoenas Reagan & Bush as defense witnesses for upcoming trial

1995 – The lowest ever United Kingdom temperature of -27.2°C was recorded at Altnaharra in the Scottish Highlands. This equalled the record set at Braemar, Aberdeenshire on February 11, 1895 and January 10, 1982.

2000 – Rizal Day Bombings: A series of bombs explode in various places in Metro Manila, Philippines within a span of a few hours, killing 22 and injuring about a hundred.

2004 – A fire in the República Cromagnon nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina kills 194.

2005 – Tropical Storm Zeta forms in the open Atlantic Ocean, tying the record for the latest tropical cyclone ever to form in the North Atlantic basin.

 

 

Births

39 – Titus, 10th Roman Emperor (79-81), conqueror of Jerusalem

1204 – Abû ‘Uthmân Sa’îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (d. 1282)

1552 – Simon Forman, English occultist and astrologer (d. 1611)

1644 – Philips van Almonde, Dutch Zeeuws lt-admiral

1722 – Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1770)

1818 – James Cantey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1874

1819 – John White Geary, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1873

1828 – Mark Perrin Lowrey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885

 

 

 

1851 – Asa Griggs Candlerdruggist , developed Coca-Cola

 

 

 

 

 

1855 – Heinrich Hart, German writer (Song of Humanity)

 

 

 

1865 – Rudyard Kipling, Bombayauthor (Jungle BookGunga Din-Nobel 1907), (d. 1936)

 

Rudyard Kipling Speaking On Writing And Truth

Tommy

Gunga Din

If   Read By  Michael Caine

 

 

 

 

1867 – Simon Guggenheim, philanthropist (died aboard Titanic)

1869 – Stephen Leacock, Canada, economist/humorist/professor

1879 – Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)

1884 – Tojo Hideki, Japanese PM during WW II

1905 – Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher

1906 – Carol Reed, motion picture director (3rd Man)

1914 – Bert Parks, [Jacobson], Atlanta Ga, TV host (Miss America)

1917 – Seymour Melman, American industrial engineer (d. 2004)

1918 – W Eugene Smith, US photographer (Saipan, Walk to Paradise Garden)

1919 – Jo Van Fleet, Oakland, actress (Gunfight at OK Corral, East of Eden)

 

 

 

1928 – Bo Diddley, [Ellas Bates], Missrock `n’ roll pioneer (Bo Diddley)

 

Hey, Bo Diddley

Road Runner

You Can’t Judge A Book By It’s Cover

I m A Man

 

 

 

 

1928 – Jack Lord, NYC, actor (Steve McGarrett-Hawaii 5-0, God’s Little Acre)

1931 – Charles A Bassett II, Dayton Ohio, Captain USAF/astronaut

1931 – Skeeter Davis, [Mary Penick], Dry Ridge Ky, singer (End of World)

1932 – John Hillerman, Denison Tx, actor (Magnum PI, Blazing Saddles)

1934 – Barry Briggs, NZ auto maker (World Champion 1957, 58, 64, 66)

1934 – Russ Tamblyn, LA California, actor (Win Place or Steal, Twin Peaks)

1934 – John Norris Bahcall, American physicist (d. 2005)

1934 – Joseph P. Hoar, former US Central Command commander

1935 – Sandy Koufax, Dodger pitcher (Cy Young ’63, ’65, ’66, perfect-1967)

1935 – Jack Riley, American actor

 

 

 

1937 – John HartfordNYCcountry singer , songwriter  (Gentle on My Mind)

 

Gentle On My Mind with Glen Campbell

Back in the Goodle Days

Steam Powered Aereo Plane with Vassar Clements and Tony Rice

Ramblin

 

 

 

 

1937 – Paul Stookey, singer/musician (Peter, Paul, & Mary)

1938 – Joseph Bologna, Brooklyn NY, actor (Citizen Cohn, My Favorite Year)

1939 – Del Shannon, [Charles Westover], Coopersville Mich, rocker (Runaway)

1940 – James Burrows, TV producer/director (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Cheers)

1941 – Mel Renfro, American football player

1942 – Fred Ward, SD California, actor (Chain Reaction, Thunderheart, Equinox)

1942 – Michael Nesmith, Houston, rocker (Monkees-Last Train to Clarksville)

 

 

 

1942 – Vladimir BukovskyRussian author and dissident

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Guy Edwards, English racing driver

 

 

 

1944 – William J. FallonU.S. Navy Admiralformer U.SCentral Command commander

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Davy Jones, Manchester England, singer (Monkees-Last Train to Clarksville), (d. 2012)

1945 – John Kevin Moorhouse, test pilot

1947 – Jeff Lynne, rocker (ELO-Telephone Line, Travelling Wilburys)

1949 – Bruce Davidson, equestrian 3-day (Olympics-silver-96)

1950 – Lewis Shiner, American sci-fi/fantasy author

1951 – Nancy LaMott, singer

1953 – Daniel T Barry, Norwalk Ct, PhD/MD/astronaut (STS 72)

1953 – Meredith Vieira, American television journalist

1956 – Sheryl Lee Ralph, actress (Moesia, Designing Women)

1956 – Suzy Bogguss, Aledo Ill, singer (I Want to be a Cowboy’s Sweetheart)

1957 – Matt Lauer, TV host (Today Show)

1958 – Steven L Smith, Phoenix Arizona, astronaut (STS 68, 82)

1958 – Rod Harrington, English darts player

1959 – Tracey Ullman, Slough England, singer/actress (Tracey Ullman Show)

1960 – Addy Bucek, Australian 470 class yachter (Olympics-9-92, 96)

1961 – Ben Johnson, 100m runner (Olympic-gold-1988-disqualified)

1961 – Sue Malaxos, Australian marathoner (Olympics-96)

1961 – Ben Johnson, Canadian athlete

1962 – Henry Cho, Korean-American comedian

1964 – Kimberly Taylor, [Cindy], model/Penthouse Pet (1990)

1965 – David Baker, Sheffield England, UK cyclist

1965 – Heidi Fleiss, American madam

1967 – Colleen Miller, Winnipeg Manitoba, rower (Olympics-96)

1973 – Robert Walker, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1975 – Tiger Woods, Cypress, California, golfer (16 Major and 74 PGA wins)

1977 – Laila Ali, American boxer

1978 – Dikla Hamdy, Miss Israel Universe (1997)

1978 – Tyrese, American singer and actor

1980 – Eliza Dushku, Boston MA, actress (This Boy’s Life, True Lies, Journey)

1980 – Kenny Kwan, Hong Kong singer

1984 – LeBron James, American basketball player

1985 – Lars Boom, Dutch cyclist

1989 – Ryan Sheckler, American professional skateboarder

 

 

 

Deaths

274 – St Felix I, dies and ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1218 – Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1162)

 

 

 

1460 – Richard Plantagenet3rd Duke of Yorkclaimant to the English throne killed in Battle of Wakefield. (b. 1411)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1525 – Jacob Fugger, German banker/merchant, dies at 66

1572 – Galeazzo Alessi, Italian architect (Palazza Marino, Milan), dies at 60

1640 – John Francis Regis, French saint (b. 1597)

1644 – Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist (b. 1577)

1691 – Robert Boyle, Irish scientist (b. 1627)

1769 – Nicholas Taaffe, 6th Viscount Taaffe, Austrian soldier (b. 1685)

1893 – Samuel White Baker, English explorer, dies at 72

1894 – Amelia Jenks Bloomer, suffragist (Bloomers named for her), dies at 76

1896 – Jose Mercado Rizal, anti-Spanish rule of Philippines proponent, dies

1899 – James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget), dies at 85

1931 – Tyrone Power Sr, actor (Big Trial, Test of Donald Norton), dies at 62

1944 – Romain Roland, French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78

1946 – Patty Smith Hill, songwriter (Happy Birthday To You), dies at 78

1947 – Han [Henricus A] van Meegeren, Dutch painter/art forger, dies at 58

1970 – Sonny Liston, World heavyweight boxing champion (1962-64), found dead at 38

1979 – Richard Rodgers, composer (Rogers & Hammerstein), dies at 77

1984 – Massa, oldest gorilla on record (b. 1930)

1992 – Ling-Ling, 1st panda China gave US, dies at 23

1993 – Mack David, US songwriter (Bachelor in Paradise), dies at 81

1993 – [Irving Paul] “Swifty” Lazar, superagent, dies of kidney failure at 86

1996 – Jack Nance, actor (Meatballs 4, Whore, Voodoo), murdered at 53

1998 – Johnny Moore, American singer (The Drifters) (b. 1934)

1999 – Sarah Knauss, American, once considered the world’s oldest living person (b. 1880)

2000 – Julius J. Epstein, American screenwriter (b. 1909)

2003 – John Gregory Dunne, American writer (b. 1932)

 

 

 

2004 – Artie ShawAmerican jazz clarinetistcomposerand bandleaderdies at 94

 

 

Begin The Beguine

Jeepers Creepers

Lady Be Good

Moonglow

 

 

 

 

2005 – Rona Jaffe, American author (b. 1932)

2006 – Deposed Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein is hanged in Baghdad at 69

2006 – Terry Peck, Falkland Islander (b. 1938) who acted as a scout for 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment in the Falklands War

2009 – Rowland S. Howard, Australian guitarist (The Birthday Party) (b. 1959)

2010 – Bobby Farrell, Aruban singer (Boney M) (b. 1949)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1170 – Assassination inside Canterbury Cathedral of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury by followers of King Henry II; he subsequently becomes a saint and martyr in the Anglican Church and the Roman Catholic Church.

1503 – Battle at Carigliano: Spanish army beats France

1539 – St Jacobs Church burns after being hit by lightning

1558 – Charles V, German Emperor, buried

1778 – English troops occupy Savannah, Georgia

1782 – 1st nautical almanac in US published by Samuel Stearns, Boston

1786 – French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convoked

 

 

 

1812 – The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridgecaptures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle.

 

 

 

 

 

1813 – British burn Buffalo, NY during War of 1812

1835 – The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.

1837 – Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo

1837 – Steam-powered threshing machine patented, Winthrop, Maine

1845 – Texas admitted as 28th state

1848 – Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk’s administration)

1851 – 1st American Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston Massachusetts.

1852 – Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants

 

 

 

1861 – The first British seagoing iron-clad warshipHMS Warrior is launched.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Chickasaw Bayou: confederate armies defeat Gen Sherman

1862 – Bowling ball invented

1864 – Fire Dept celebrates 1st annual ball

1876 – 11 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula Ohio, 92 die

1885 – Gottlieb Daimler patents 1st bike (Germany)

 

 

 

1890 – US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded KneeSD

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Edison patents “transmission of signals electrically” (radio)

1895 – Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg

1908 – Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisc

1911 – SF Symphony formed

1911 – Sun Yat-sen becomes the first President of the Republic of China.

1930 – Fred P Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minn, to New Orleans

1931 – Identification of heavy water publicly announced, HC Urey

1939 – First flight of the Consolidated B-24.

1940 – Germany begins dropping incendiary bombs on London (WW II)

1957 – Singers Steve Lawrence & Eydie Gorme wed in Las Vegas

1965 – “Thunderball” premieres in US

1966 – Pirate Radio Phoenix, 1st transmission (Worcester, Mass)

1967 – Star Trek’s “Trouble With Tribbles” 1st airs

1968 – Israeli commandos destroy 13 Lebanese airplanes

1972 – Eastern Tristar Jumbo Jet crashes near Everglades killing 101

1972 – Life magazine ceases publication

 

 

 

1975 – 11 killed75 hurt by terrorist bomb at LaGuardia Airport in NYC

 

 

 

 

 

1982 – Coach Paul “Bear” Bryant ends his career with Alabama (323 wins)

1989 – Vaclav Havel becomes president of Czechoslovakia

1989 – Wayne Gretzky & Martina Navratilova, named athletes of decade by AP

1989 – Riots break-out after Hong Kong decides to forcibly repatriate Vietnamese refugees.

1991 – Boeing 747-200F of China Airlines crash into mountain at Taipei

1992 – Gov Cuomo grants Jean Harris (Scarsdale Diet Dr killer) clemency

1993 – Todd Bridges arrested for transporting methamphetamine (speed)

1994 – B737-400 flies into a mountain at Edremit East Turkey, 54 killed

2001 – Mesa Redonda shopping center fire, Lima, Peru, at least 291 killed.

Births

1563 – Francesco Maria Guaitoli, composer

1586 – Francisco de Moncada, Spanish earl of Osuna/marquis of Aytona

1678 – Gotthard Wagner, composer

1721 – Madame De Pompadour, mistress of French King Louis the 15th

1743 – Alexander van Bylandt, Dutch military officer

1776 – Charles Macintosh, Scotland, patented waterproof fabric

1792 – Archibald Alison, Scottish historian (History of Europe)

1796 – Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (d. 1877)

1800 – Charles Goodyear, New Haven, Connecticut, inventor (vulcanization process for rubber), (d. 1860)

 

 

 

1808 – Andrew JohnsonRaleigh NC, (Unionist), 17th pres (1865-69)

 

 

 

 

 

1809 – Albert PikeBrigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891

 

 

 

 

 

1809 – William Ewart Gladstone, Liberal British PM (1868-74, ’80-86, ’92-94), (d. 1898)

1816 – Carl Ludwig, German physician (d. 1895)

1831 – Adam Badeau, Bvt Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1856 – Thomas J Stieltjes, mathematician (Stieltjes integral)

1876 – Pablo Casals, Vendrell Catalonia Spain, violinist/conductor/composer

 

 

 

1879 – Billy Mitchellaviation hero Gen (WW I)

 

 

 

 

 

1881 – Jess Willard, American boxer (d. 1968)

1900 – Willie Humphrey, jazz Clarinetist

1903 – Clyde McCoy, jazz trumpeter/bandleader

1910 – Ronald Coase, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate

1915 – Charles L[eonard] Harness, US, sci-fi author (Paradox Men, Wolfhead)

1915 – Robert Ruark, US writer (Something of Value)

 

 

 

1920 – Syd DernleyUK , Last hangman

 

 

 

 

 

1920 – Viveca Lindfors, Uppsala Sweden, actress (Way We Were, Welcome to LA)

1921 – Robert C. Baker, Inventor of the chicken nugget (d. 2006)

1922 – William Gaddis, American writer (d. 1998)

1925 – Pete Dye, American golf course architect

1932 – Inga Swenson, Omaha Nebraska, actress (Gretchen-Benson)

1933 – Prez “Kidd” Kenneth, blues singer/guitarist

1934 – Tom Jarriel, LaGrange Ga, newscaster (ABC Weekend News, 20/20)

1935 – Tony Bramall, England, auto dealer/multi-millionaire (Harrogate)

1936 – Ray Nitschke, NFL linebacker (Green Bay Packers)

1937 – Mary Tyler Moore, Bkln, actress (Mary Tyler Moore, Ordinary People)

1938 – Jon Voight, Yonkers, NY, actor (Deliverance, Midnight Cowboy)

1938 – Wayne Huizenga, CEO (Waste Management, Blockbuster, Miami Dolphins)

1941 – Ray Thomas, England, rock vocalist (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin)

 

 

 

1946 – Laffit Pincay Jrjockey (Ky Derby 1984Belmont 1982-84Swale)

 

 

 

 

 

1946 – Marianne Faithfull, Hampstead England, vocalist (Money)

1947 – Cozy Powell, England, rock drummer (Jeff Beck Group, Whitesnake, ELP)

1947 – Ted Danson, SD California, actor (Sam Malone-Cheers, 3 Men & a Baby)

1951 – Laurel Masse, Holland Mich, jazz singer (Manhattan Transfer-Operator)

1951 – Yvonne Elliman, US actress/singer (I Don’t Know How to Love Him)

1952 – Nikolai Andrianov, USSR, gymnist (Olympic-gold-1972, 76, 80)

1953 – Kate Schmidt, US javelin thrower (Olympic-bronze-1972)

1954 – Glenn Myernick, Trenton NJ, US soccer coach (Olympics-gold-96)

1959 – Paula Poundstone, comedienne (Emmy Awards)

1961 – Jim Reid, Scottish singer (The Jesus and Mary Chain, Freeheat)

1965 – Dexter Holland, American musician (The Offspring)

1967 – Ashleigh Banfield, Canadian journalist

1967 – Andy Wachowski, American director

1969 – Allan McNish, Scottish race car driver

1970 – Hidetoshi Mitsusada, Japanese racing driver

1972 – Jude Law, British actor

1972 – Evan Seinfeld, American musician (Biohazard) and actor

1975 – Kalin Olson, Hot Springs Ark, playmate (Aug 1997)

1978 – Alexis Amore, Peruvian pornographic actress

1979 – Mitsuhiro Ishida, Japanese mixed-martial arts fighter

1979 – Ariel Schrag, American Cartoonist

1985 – Alexa Ray Joel, daughter of Billy Joel & Christie Brinkley

 

 

 

Deaths

721 – Empress Gemmei of Japan (b. 661)

1141 – Yue Fei, Chinese general, executed

 

 

 

1170 – Thomas BecketEnglish Archbishop of Canterburyassassinated by 4 knights of King Henry II at 52

 

 

 

 

 

1558 – Hermann Finck, composer, dies at 31

1563 – Sebastian Castellio, French theologian (b. 1515)

1689 – Olfert Dapper, Amsterdam historian/geographer, buried

1689 – Thomas Sydenham, English physician (b. 1624)

1731 – J Brook Taylor, English mathematician, dies at 46

1737 – Joseph Saurin, French mathematician (b. 1659)

1821 – Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael, S Neth general, dies at 61

1890 – Big Foot, Sioux Indian chief, dies at Wounded Knee

1891 – Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician, dies at 68

1897 – William James Linton, American wood engraver and political reformer. (b. 1812)

 

 

 

1916 – Grigori RasputinRussian faith healer/intriguermurdered at 45

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – Carl Spitteler, Swiss writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)

 

 

 

1929 – Wilhelm MaybachGerman automobile designer (b. 1846)

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Frank D Adams, Canadian geologist, dies at 83

1943 – William H Singer, US painter/collector (Singer Museum), dies at 75

1947 – Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian/general, dies at 78

1960 – Philippe Panneton, Quebec physician, diplomat and writer (b. 1895)

1975 – Euell Gibbons, American outdoorsman and proponent of natural diets (b. 1911).

1976 – Ivo van Damme, Belgian 800/1500 m sprinter (Oly-silver-76), dies at 22

1986 – [Maurice] Harold MacMillan, PM of Great-Britain (1957-63), dies at 92

1988 – Mike Beuttler, British racing driver (b. 1940)

 

 

 

1995 – Madeleine Barotresistance heroinedies at 86

 

 

 

 

 

1996 – Daniel Raphaeautl Mayer, journalist/resistance leader, dies at 86

1998 – Jean-Claude Forest, writer and illustrator of comics (Barbarella) (b. 1930)

1999 – Leon Radzinowicz, British criminologist (b. 1906)

2004 – Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)

2008 – Freddie Hubbard, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1938)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

418 – St Boniface I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

801 – Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona

1065 – Westminister Abbey consecrated in London

1308 – The reign of Emperor Hanazono, emperor of Japan, begins.

1614 – Sperm whale beached at Noordwijk

1732 – 1st known ad for “Poor Richard’s Almanack” (Pennsylvania Gazette)

1828 – 6.8 earthquake strikes Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed

1832 – John Calhoun becomes 1st VP to resign (differences with Pres Jackson)

1846 – Iowa becomes 29th state

1849 – M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect

1850 – Rangoon Burma, destroyed by fire

1864 – Battle of Egypt Station, MS

1867 – United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.

1869 – William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum

1879 – North British Railway’s train falls as Firth bridge collapses (Scot)

1887 – Sir John Layton Jarvis, 1st British race horse trainer knighted

1895 – Film makers the Lumiere brothers, hold the first commercial film screening at Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris

1904 – 1st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London)

1912 – The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California.

 

 

 

1928 – Last recording of Ma Rainey, “Mother of the Blues,” made (see UE Deaths 12/22)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1928 – Louis Armstrong makes 78 recording of “West End blues”

1931 – Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as president of Nanjing-China

1939 – First flight of the Consolidated XB-24 Liberator bomber prototype.

1942 – Oberkommando Wehrmacht orders strategist flight out of Kaukasus

1942 – Robert Sullivan becomes 1st pilot to fly Atlantic 100 times

1943 – All inhabitants of Kalmukkie deported, about 70,000 killed

1944 – Former Wash 3rd baseman Buddy Lewis wins Distinguished Flying Cross

1945 – Congress officially recognizes “Pledge of Allegiance”

1948 – IDF crosses Egyptian border

1948 – US announced a study to launch an Earth satellite

1948 – The DC-3 airliner NC16002 disappears 50 miles south of Miami, Florida.

1950 – Chinese troops cross 38th Parallel, into South Korea

1958 – Chipmunks (Alvin, Simon & Theodore with David Seville) hit #1

1963 – Merle Haggard 1st appearance on country chart with “Sing a Sad Song”

1966 – 13 die in a train crash in Everett Mass

1967 – Muriel Siebert is 1st women to own a seat on NY Stock Exchange

1968 – 100,000 attend Miami Pop Festival

1968 – Beatles’ “Beatles-White Album,” goes #1 & stays #1 for 9 weeks

1968 – Israeli assault on Beirut Airport

1972 – Kim Il-song, becomes president of North Korea

1972 – Martin Bormanns skeleton found in Berlin (Hitlers deputy)

1973 – Alexander Solzhenitsyn publishes “Gulag Archipelag”

 

 

 

1973 – Comet Kohoutek at perihelion

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – “Hail Mary Pass”-Cowboys beat Vikings 17-14 on last second pass

1976 – Genie Francis joind “General Hospital” as Laura Vining

1980 – Mexico terminated fishing agreements with US

1981 – Warner-Elektra-Atlantic raises price of 45 records from $1.68 to $1.98

1981 – The first American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, is born in Norfolk, Virginia.

1984 – Creosote bush determined to be 11,700 years old

1987 – In Arkansas R Gene Simmons kills 2, later bodies of 14 of his relatives are found at his home near Dover Ark

1991 – 8 are crushed to death at a RAP basketball game at City College, NYC

1993 – Dow-Jones hits record 3793.49

2000 – U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years.

2005 – A U.S. immigration judge orders John Demjanjuk deported to Ukraine for crimes against humanity committed during World War II.

2008 – The Detroit Lions finished the season 0-16 with a 31-21 lost to the Green Bay Packers The first time in National Football League history that a team went winless in a 16-game season.

2009 – 43 people die in a suicide bombing in Karachi, Pakistan, where Shia Muslims were observing the Day of Ashura.

 

 

 

Births

1164 – Emperor Rokujō of Japan (d. 1176)

1484 – Joachim Vadianus, [von Watt], Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen

1522 – Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands (d. 1583)

1631 – Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist

1635 – Princess Elizabeth of England (d. 1650)

1655 – Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)

1665 – George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, British general (d. 1716)

1731 – Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master

 

 

 

1763 – John Molsonfounded Montreal brewery (Molsons)

 

 

 

 

 

1801 – James Barnes, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1869

1822 – William Booth Taliaferro, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1898

1823 – Thomas Alexander Scott, Asst Secy War (Union), died in 1881

1827 – Robert Latimer McCook, volunteers Brigadier General (Union), died in 1862

1833 – Charles Miller Shelley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907

1835 – Archibald Geikie, British geologist

 

 

 

1856 – [ThomasWoodrow WilsonStaunton Va, (28 pres-D-1912-21Nobel 1919)

 

 

 

 

 

1859 – John W Fortescue, military historian

1882 – Arthur Eddington, England, astrophysicist/cosmologist/mathematician

1883 – A Wolfenstein, writer

1884 – Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter

1894 – Andre de Meulemeester, Belgian WW I pilot (Eagle of Flanders)

1898 – Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish meteorologist (d. 1957)

1898 – Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)

1902 – Mortimer J Adler, NYC, author (Encyclopedia Brittanica)

1903 – John von Neumann, mathematician/astronomer (Bocher Award 1938)

1904 – Clabon W Allen, Australian/British astronomer

1905 – Earl “Fatha” Hines, Duquesne Pa, jazz pianist (Deep Forest)

1908 – Lew Ayres, Minn, actor (All Quiet on Western Front, Dr Kildare)

1911 – Sam Levenson, NYC, humorist (Sam Levenson Show, Masquerade Party)

1913 – Lou Jacobi, Toronto Ontario, comedian (Dean Martin Show, Melba)

1915 – Roebuck “Pops” Staples, US gospel/singer (Staple Singers)

1922 – Stan Lee, comics artist/creator (Spiderman, Incredible Hulk)

1923 – Andrew Duggan, actor (Secret War of Harry Frigg, Winds of War)

1924 – Johnny Otis, [Veliotes], composer (Every Beat of My Heart)

 

 

 

1924 – Rod SerlingSyracuse NYwriter/host (Twilight ZoneNight Gallery)

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – Milton Obote, President of Uganda (d. 2005)

1927 – Martin Milner, Detroit Mich, actor (Route 66, Adam 12, Life of Riley)

1929 – Maarten Schmidt, Neth/US astronomer (quasars)

1932 – Dorsey Burnette, Memphis, rocker (Tall Oak Tree, Hey Little One)

1932 – Manuel Puig, Argentina, writer (Blood of Requited Love)

1934 – Maggie Smith, Ilford England, actress (Death on Nile, Clash of Titans)

1936 – Lawrence Schiller, American journalist

1938 – Charles Neville, US rock vocalist/saxophonist (Neville Brothers)

1938 – Richard Sudhalter, British(?) writer/jazz musician

1939 – Philip Anschutz, American businessman

1940 – Lonnie Liston Smith, US jazz performer (Cosmic Echoes, Magic Lady)

1942 – Paul Horowitz, NYC, physicist, META project (Sloan Award 1971-3)

1944 – Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel laureate

1945 – Dwight Bement, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)

 

 

 

1945 – Max HastingsBritish editor-in-chief (Daily Telegraph)

 

 

 

 

 

1946 – Edgar Winter, Beaumont Tx, rocker (They Only Come Out at Night)

1948 – Jorge Velasquez, jockey (Kentucky Derby-1981, Preakness-1981)

1950 – Alex Chilton, Memphis Tenn, rock guitarist/vocalist (Box Tops)

1952 – S Epatha Merkerson, Saginaw MI, actress (Lt Van Buren-Law and Order)

1953 – Richard Clayderman, pianist (Amour, Romantic America)

1954 – Denzel Washington, Mount Vernon NY, actor (Dr Chandler-St Elsewhere)

1954 – Rosie Vela, British singer (Zazu, Fools Paradise)

1956 – Michael Gibbons, rocker (Bo Donaldson & Heywoods-Billy Don’t be a Hero)

1958 – Carl Marsden, bodyguard

1958 – Joe Diffie, Tulsa Ok, country singer/guitarist (Home)

1958 – Mike McGuire, Haleyville Ala, singer (Shenandoah-Sunday in the South)

1960 – Marty Roe, Lebanon Ohio, singer (Diamond Rio-Meet in the Middle)

1962 – Keith Lee, basketball player (Memphis State)

1963 – Mel Stottlemyre Jr, pitcher (Toronto Blues Jays)

1963 – Willow Bay, TV host (Good Morning America)

1967 – Paul Lynch, Sydney NSW Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1967 – Chris Ware, American cartoonist

 

 

 

1969 – Linus TorvaldsFinnish computer programmer

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – Frank Sepe, American bodybuilder

1972 – Adam Clawson, Salt Lake City UT, slalom single canoe (Olympic-19th-96)

1973 – Garth John Da Silva, Auckland NZ, heavyweight boxer (Olympics-96)

1973 – Herborg Kråkevik, Norwegian singer and actress

1978 – John Legend, American musician

1981 – Elizabeth Jordan Carr, 1st American test tube baby

1982 – François Gourmet, Belgian decathlete

1984 – Beverly Mullins, American Wrestler/Model

1984 – Alex Lloyd, British racing driver

1990 – David Archuleta, American Idol runner-up, American Singer

 

 

 

Deaths

300 – Theonas, Patriarch of Alexandria

1367 – Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (b. 1330)

1446 – Clement VIII, (Sanchez Muñoz), Spanish anti-pope (1423-29), dies

1503 – Piero di Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (b. 1471)

1542 – Albert Pigge, [Pighius], Dutch theologist/astronomer, dies at about 52

1663 – Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1618)

1673 – Joan Blaeu, Dutch cartographer/publisher (Atlas Major), dies at 77

1694 – Mary II, Queen of England, dies after 5 years of rule at 32 [NS=Jan 7]

1703 – Mustafa II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1664)

1708 – Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist (b. 1656)

 

 

 

1734 – Robert Roy MacGregorScottish  folk hero (b. 1671)

 

 

 

 

 

1793 – Louis earl of Bylandt, Dutch admiral, dies at about 75

1795 – Eugenio Espejo, Ecuadorian scientist (b. 1747)
torian, dies

1900 – Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese explorer (b. 1846)

1917 – Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (b. 1892)

1919 – Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (b. 1854)

1923 – Gustave Eiffel [Alexandre], engineer (Eiffel Tower), dies at 91

1937 – Maurice J Ravel, Swiss/French composer (Bolero), dies in Paris at 62

1945 – Theodore Dreiser, novelist (An American Tragedy), dies at 74

1947 – Victor Emmanuel III, king of Italy (1900-46)/Ethiopia, dies at 78

1949 – Jack Lovelock, NZ/US surgeon/athlete (Olympic-gold-1936), dies at 39

1952 – Fletcher Henderson, American musician (b. 1897)

1963 – Abbott Joseph Liebling, American journalist/writer, dies

1967 – Béla Schick, Hung/US children’s physician (Scarlet Fever), dies at 90

 

 

 

1976 – Freddie KingBluesmanGuitaristSingerdies at 42

 

Have You Ever Loved A Woman

Hideaway

Goin’ Down

The Things That I Used To Do

 

 

 

 

1978 – Harry Winston, US jeweler for the “rich & famous”, dies at 82

1983 – Dennis Wilson, drummer/singer (Beach Boys), drowns at 39

1983 – William Demarest, actor (My 3 Sons), dies in Palm Springs at 91

 

 

 

1984 – Sam Peckinpahdirectordies of cardiac arrest at 59

 

The Killer Elite

The Getaway

The Wild Bunch

STRAW DOGS

 

 

 

 

1989 – Hermann Oberth, German physicist (b. 1894)

1990 – Kiel Martin, actor (Det LaRue-Hill Street Blues), dies of cancer at 46

1991 – Cassandra Harris, actress (For Your Eyes Only), dies of cancer at 39

 

 

 

1993 – William L Shirerwriter (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich), dies at 89

 

 

 

 

 

1997 – James Lees-Milne, architecural historian, dies at 89

1999 – Clayton Moore, American actor (b. 1914)

2003 – Benjamin Hacker, American admiral (b. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

418 – [Etalius] begins his reign as Catholic Pope

537 – The Hagia Sophia is inaugurated by the Emperor Justinian

1437 – Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Bohemia

 

 

 

1503 – Battle at Garigliano , Spanish army under G Cordoba beats France

 

 

 

 

 

1512 – The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regards to native Indians in the New World.

1521 – “Zwickauer profeten” appear in Wittenberg

1657 – The Flushing Remonstrance is signed.

1679 – Dutch troops capture Madurees prince Trunudjojo in Java

1703 – England & Portugal sign Methuen-Asiento-trade agreement

1741 – Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia

 

 

 

1814 – Destruction of schooner Carolinathe last of Commodore Daniel Patterson’s make-shift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson’s victory at the Battle of New Orleans.

 

carolina

 

 

 

 

1825 – 1st public railroad using steam locomotive completed in England

1831 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin departs England for South America

1845 – Ether 1st used in childbirth in US, Jefferson, Ga

1850 – Hawaiian Fire Dept established

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Chickasaw BluffsMS (Chickasaw Bayou)

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Elizabethtown, KY

1871 – World’s 1st cat show (Crystal Palace, London)

1900 – Carrie Nation’s 1st public smashing of a bar (Carey Hotel, Wichita KS)

1918 – The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.

1926 – Latkin Square in Bronx named for 1st US Jewish soldier to die in WW I

1927 – Stalin’s faction wins All-Union Congress in USSR, Trotsky expelled

1932 – Radio City Music Hall opens (NYC)

1934 – 1st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Mass)

1934 – Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran

1937 – Mae West performs Adam & Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio

1939 – 1st American skimobiles (North Conway, NH)

1939 – Between 20,000 & 40,000 die in magnitude 8 quake (Erzincam Turkey)

1939 – Earthquake in Turkey, about 50,000 die

1941 – Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an “open city”

1942 – 1st Japanese women camp (Ambarawa) goes into use

1943 – Montgomery discusses Overlord with Eisenhower & Bedell Smith

1945 – International Monetary Fund established-World Bank founded

1945 – The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations.

1947 – 1st “Howdy Doody Show,” (Puppet Playhouse), telecast on NBC

1968 – Apollo 8 returns to Earth

1974 – 40th Heisman Trophy Award: Archie Griffin, Ohio State (RB)

1974 – FSLN seizes government hostages at a private Managua party

1975 – Explosion at Chasnala Colliery collapses drowning 350 (Dhanbad India)

1978 – Spain becomes a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship.

1979 – “Knots Landing,” premieres on CBS-TV

1979 – Soviet troops invade Afghanistan, Pres Hafizullah Amin overthrown

1980 – Calvin Murphy (Rockets) begins longest NBA free throw streak of 78

1981 – Oiler Wayne Gretzky becomes fastest NHLer to get 100 pts (38th game)

1983 – Pope John Paul II pardons man who shot him (Mehmet Ali Agca)

1983 – Propane gas fire devastated 16 blocks of Buffalo

1985 – Terrorists kill 20 & wound 110 attacking El Al at Rome & Vienna airports, President Reagan blames Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi

1987 – Steve Largent sets all-time NFL record for career catches when he catches his 752nd pass

1988 – Bulgaria stops jamming Radio Free Europe after more than 3 decades

1991 – “Carol Burnett Show” last airs on CBS-TV

1992 – Harry Connick Jr is caught with 9mm gun in NY’s JFK airport

1993 – Dow-Jones hits record 3792.93

1996 – Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram air base which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul.

1997 – Protestant paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland.

2002 – Two truck bombs kill 72 and wound 200 at the pro-Moscow headquarters of the Chechen government in Grozny, Chechnya.

2004 – Radiation from an explosion on the magnetar SGR 1806-20 reaches Earth. It is the brightest extrasolar event known to have been witnessed on the planet.

2007 – Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated by a suicide bomber.

 

 

 

Births

1390 – Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (d. 1411)

1555 – Johann Arndt, German Lutherian theologist

 

 

 

1571 – Johannes KeplerWeil der StadtGermanyastronomer (planetary Motion), (d. 1630)

 

 

 

 

 

1645 – Giovanni Adb Viscardi, Swiss architect, baptized

1654 – Jean/Jacobus Bernouilli, Swiss mathematician

1709 – Pieter de Swart, Dutch architect (Royal Palace, Hague)

1715 – Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (d. 1794)

1773 – George Cayley, England, found science of aerodynamics

1776 – Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1811)

1796 – Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (d. 1869)

1814 – James Henry Carleton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1873

1816 – Eliakim Parker Scammon, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894

 

 

 

1822 – Louis PasteurDole, Francebacteriologist (pasturization), (d. 1895)

 

 

 

 

 

1829 – James Clay Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864

1831 – Lucius Fairchild, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896

1832 – Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and patron of art (d. 1897)

1855 – Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist

1879 – Sydney Greenstreet, Sandwich England, actor (Maltese Falcon)

1883 – Cyrus S. Eaton, Canadian-American financier, industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1979)

1892 – Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (d. 1917)

1896 – Louis Bromfield, Mansfield Ohio, writer (Early Autumn, Pulitzer-1926)

1897 – Iwan S Konew, Russ marshal/supreme commander pact of Warsaw

1899 – Paul Costello, US, double sculls (Olympic-gold-1920, 24, 28)

1900 – Hans Stuck, German race car driver (d. 1978)

 

 

 

1901 – Marlene Dietrich [Maria Losch], Berlin Germanysinger/actress (Blue Angel), (d. 1992)

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher

1910 – Neville Crump, racehorse trainer

1915 – William Howell Masters, sex author/physician

1917 – Earl of Inchcape, English large landowner/industrialist (P&O)

1918 – John Celardo, American comic strip artist

1920 – Bruce Hobbs, American jockey (d. 2005)

1924 – Wouter Eijkelemboom, Dutch architect (Holy-hospital, Vlaardingen)

1930 – Wilfrid Sheed, England, writer (Boys of Winter, Hack)

 

 

 

1931 – Scotty Mooreguitarist (for Elvis)

 

 

Scotty Moore UK TV

Scotty Moore, D. J. Fontana_ Elvis Week 1997

Mark Knopfler On Scotty Moore

Scotty Moore & Carl Perkins Talk

 

 

 

 

1934 – Larissa Latynina, Ukraine, gymnist (Olympic-gold-1956, 60, 64)

1939 – John Amos, Newark NJ, actor (Good Times, Coming to America)

1941 – Leslie Maguire, rocker (Gerry & Pacemakers-Ferry Crossed the Mersey)

1941 – Michael Pinder, rocker (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin)

1942 – Charmian Carr, American actress

1943 – Cokie Roberts, newscaster (ABC-TV)

1944 – Mick Jones, rock guitarist (Foreigner-Want to Know What Love is)

1947 – Peter Criss, rocker (Kiss-Beth)

1948 – Larry Byrom, rocker (Steppenwolf-Hour of the World)

1948 – Tovah Feldshuh, NYC, actress (Idolmaker, Terror out of the Sky)

1948 – Gérard Depardieu, French actor

1950 – Terry Bozzio, rock drummer (Missing Persons-Hello I Love You)

1951 – William Waldorf 4th viscount Astor/English large landowner

1951 – Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico

1952 – Karla Bonoff, rock singer (New World, Restless Nights)

1953 – Arthur Kent, newscaster [Scud Stud], (NBC-Gulf War coverage)

1955 – Barbara Olson, American political commentator (d. 2001)

1955 – Brad Murphey, Australian racing driver

1956 – Doina Melinte, Romanian running star (world record 1500 m/mile indoor)

1959 – Mary Holland, San Diego California, WPVA volleyballer

1960 – Maryam D’Abo, London, actress (Living Daylights, Xtro, Until Sept)

1963 – Dana Chladek, Decin Czech, US slalom Kayak (Olympics-br/silver-92, 96)

1963 – Jim Leyritz, Lakewood OH, catcher (NY Yankees)

1965 – Salman Khan, Indian actor

1969 – Chris Humbert, Modesto California, water polo 2m offense (Olympics-96)

1969 – Suzanne Paxton, Balt Md, fencer-foil (Olympics-96)

1969 – Jean-Christophe Boullion, French race car driver

1969 – Chyna, American professional wrestler

1973 – Bill Clay, Yokosuka Japan, US sprint cyclist (Olympics-96)

1975 – Heather O’Rourke, San Diego California, actress (Happy Days, Poltergeist)

1977 – Kate Nelson, Evanston Ill, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-96)

1982 – James Mead, American guitarist (Kutless)

 

 

Deaths

418 – Zosimus, Greek Pope (417-8), dies

975 – Balderik, bishop of Utrecht (918-75), dies

1065 – Ferdinand I, the Great, king of Castile, dies

1076 – Prince Svyatoslav II of Kiev (b. 1027)

1381 – Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, English politician

1548 – Francesco Spiera, Italian Protestant jurist (b. 1502)

1603 – Thomas Cartwright, English Presbyterian publicist, dies at about 68

1631 – John Pijnas, Dutch painter, buried at about 47

1737 – William Bowyer, English printer (b. 1663)

1771 – Henri Pitot, French engineer (b. 1695)

1834 – Charles Lamb, English essayist (b. 1775)

 

 

 

1836 – Stephen Fuller Austinfounder of state of Texasdies at 43

 

 

 

 

1896 – John Brown, British manufacturer (b. 1816)

1900 – William G Armstrong, of Cragside, Brit const (hydr crane), dies at 90

1914 – Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and inventor (b. 1863)

1924 – William Archer, Scottish critic/playwright (Green Goddess), dies at 68

1936 – Hans von Seeckt, German Gen/advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, dies at 70

1938 – Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (b. 1889)

1952 – Henri G Winkelman, Dutch supreme commander army/navy 1940, dies at 76

1955 – Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, English soldier (b. 1881)

1959 – Alfonso Reyes, Mexican poet/historian/diplomat, dies at 70

1972 – Lester B Pearson (L), 14th Canadian PM (Nobel 1957), dies at 75

1974 – Amy Vanderbilt, US author (Complete book of etiquette), dies at 66

1978 – Chris Bell, rock guitarist (Big Star), dies at 27 in car crash

1979 – Hafizullah Amin, president of Afghanistan (1979), murdered

1981 – Hoagy Carmichael, US actor/songwriter (Stardust), dies at 82

1982 – John Leonard Swigert Jr, astronaut (Apollo 13), dies of cancer at 51

1985 – Dian Fossey, US naturalist (Gorillas in Mist), found dead in Rwanda

1986 – Lars-Eric Vilner Larsson, composer, dies at 78

1988 – Hal Ashby, US director (Shampoo, 8 Million Ways to Die), dies at 59

1991 – W Hudson, US “strongest man to the world” (540 kg), dies

1992 – Cardew “the Cad” [Douglas] Robinson, Engl comedian (Alfie), dies at 75

1993 – Youssef Sebti, Algerian scholar/poet, murdered at 50

1997 – Brendan Gill, journalist, dies at 83

1997 – Dorothy Stroud, garden historian, dies at 87

2002 – George Roy Hill, American film director (b. 1922)

2003 – Alan Bates, English actor (b. 1934)

2004 – Hank Garland, American musician (b. 1930)

2007 – Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan (assassinated) (b. 1953)

2008 – Delaney Bramlett, American musician (b. 1939)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

268 – Pope St Dionysius dies

418 – Pope St Zosimus dies

795 – St Leo III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1198 – French bishop Odo van Sully condemns Zottenfeest

1481 – Battle at Westbroek: Dutch army beats Utrecht

1492 – 1st Spanish settlement in New World founded, by Columbus

1568 – Uprising of Morisco’s against suppression in Granada

1620 – Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, MA

1620 – Elizabeth Báthory’s crimes are uncovered.

1773 – Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia

1776 – George Washington defeats Hessians at Battle of Trenton in American Revolutionary War

1793 – Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.

1799 – George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee as “1st in war1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen

1811 – A theater fire in Richmond, Virginia kills the Governor of Virginia George William Smith and the president of the First National Bank of Virginia Abraham B. Venable.

1825 – Erie Canal opens

1848 – 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF

1848 – William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia

1848 – The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

1854 – Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo

1860 – Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)

1860 – Major Robert Andersonunder cover of darknessconcentrated his small force at Ft Sumter

1860 – The first ever inter-club football match takes place between Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. at the Sandygate Road ground in Sheffield, England.

1862 – -Dec 28th) Battle of Dumfries, VA

1862 – 1st US navy hospital ship enters service

1862 – 38 Santee Sioux Indians hanged in Mankato Minnesota, due to their uprising

1865 – James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator

1870 – The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.

1872 – 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18″)

1878 – 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia

1883 – The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.

1899 – Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed

1902 – Most knock downs in a fight, Oscar Nelson (5) & Christy Williams (42)

1908 – Jack Johnson TKOs Tommy Burns in 14 for heavyweight boxing title, becomes 1st black heavyweight champion

1917 – Fed government took over operation of American RR for duration of WW I

1924 – Judy Garland, 2½, billed as Baby Frances, makes her show business debut

1933 – FM radio is patented.

1934 – Yomiuri Giants, Japan’s 1st professional baseball team forms

1941 – Winston Churchill becomes 1st British PM to address a joint meeting of Congress, warning that Axis would “stop at nothing”

1943 – British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst

1944 – Battle of Bastogne-US Gen Patton’s 4th Pantzers repulse Germans

1947 – Heavy snow blankets Northeast, buries NYC under 25.8″ of snow in 16 hrs That same day, LA set a record high of 84°F

1954 – Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating Detroit 56-10

1955 – Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating Los Angeles Rams 38-14

1955 – RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV

1963 – Beatles release “I Want To Hold Your Hand”/”I Saw Her Standing There”

1966 – Maulana Karenga establishes Kwanzaa (1st fruits of harvest) holiday

1966 – Jimi Hendrix writes “Purple Haze” backstage at the Upper Cut Club

1967 – Dave Brubeck Quartet formally disbands

1968 – Arab terrorists in Athens fire on El Al plane, kills 1

1968 – Led Zeppelin’s concert debut in Denver as opener for Vanilla Fudge

1973 – “Exorcist,” starring Linda Blair & rated X, premieres

1973 – 2 Skylab 3 astronauts walk in space for a record 7 hours

1975 – 1st supersonic transport service (USSR-Tupolev-144)

1978 – India’s former PM, Indira Gandhi, released from jail

1979 – Soviet Special forces take over presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.

1980 – Aeroflot puts the Ilyushin Il-86 into service.

1982 – TIME’s Man of the Year is a computer

1986 – Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed

1990 – Garry Kasparov beats Antatoly Karpov to retain chess championship

1991 – Jack Ruby’s gun sells for $220,000 in auction

1991 – Militant Sikhs kill 55 & wound 70 in India

1994 – French commando’s terminate Air France hijacking in Marseille

1996 – Six-year-old beauty queen JonBenét Ramsey is found beaten and strangled in the basement of her family’s home in Boulder, Colorado.

1997 – The Soufriere Hills volcano on the island of Montserrat explodes, creating a small tsunami offshore.

1998 – Iraq announces its intention to fire upon U.S. and British warplanes that patrol the northern and southern no-fly zones.

1998 – Severe gales over Ireland, northern England, and southern Scotland cause widespread disruption and widespread power outages in Northern Ireland and southern Scotland.

1999 – Severe weather in France kills over 100 people and causes extensive damage to property, trees and the French national power grid (see Lothar).

2003 – A magnitude 6.6 earthquake devastates southeast Iranian city of Bam, killing tens of thousands and destroying the citadel of Arg-é Bam.

2004 – A 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and many other areas around the rim of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people.

2005 – Boxing Day shooting on a busy shopping street in Toronto.

2006 – The 2006 Hengchun earthquake with 7.1 magnitude hit Taiwan.

Births

1194 – Frederick II, Iesi Italy, German Emperor (1212-1250)/King of Sicily

1532 – Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (d. 1576)

1536 – Yi I, Korean Confucian scholar (d. 1584)

1542 – Tokugawa Ieyasuunifier of Japan and first Tokugawa Shogun (d. 1616)

1618 – Elisabeth, Paltsgravin of Rhine/abbess

1633 – Charles E Biset, Flemish painter, baptised

1646 – Robert Bolling, English settler in Virginia (d. 1709)

1660 – Peter Schenck, German/Neth engraver/publisher, baptised

1666 – Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism (d. 1708)

1723 – Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (d. 1807)

1731 – Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)

1737 – Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (d. 1815)

1738 – Thomas Nelson, merchant, signer of Declaration of Independence

1770 – Pierre earl de Cambronne, French general (Waterloo, Elba)

1780 – Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)

1792 – Charles Babbage, London, inventor (calculating machine), (d. 1871)

1809 – William Nelson Pendleton, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1883

1815 – Israel Bush Richardson, Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1820 – Gustavus Adolphus Smith, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885

1824 – Augustus Louis Chetlain, Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1914

1837 – Adm George DeweyAmerican naval hero of Manila

1859 – Johan F van Bemmelen, Dutch zoologist

1861 – Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)

1872 – Norman Angell, British politician/cowboy/journalist, Nobel laureate (1933), (d. 1967)

1878 – Isaiah Bowman, US, geography/co-founder (Geographical Review)

1883 – Carl Oscar Ahues, Germany, International Chess Master (1950)

1883 – Frank Debenham, Australian geographer/geologist

1887 – Gen Arthur Ernest PercivalBritish Army officer (d. 1966)

1890 – Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (d. 1992)

1891 – Henry Miller, Manhattan, New York, author/artist (Tropic of Capricorn, Tropic of Cancer, Sexus), (d. 1980)

1893 – Mao Tse-Tung [Zedong], Chinese Prime Minister (1949-76), (d. 1976)

1903 – Elisha Cook Jr, San Francisco California, actor (Maltese Falcon, Shane, Magnum PI)

1908 – Ralph Hill, US, 5K runner (Olympic-1932)

1911 – Steve Kordek, Chicago, Illinois, pinball machine designer, (d. 2012)

1914 – Richard Widmark, Sunrise Mich, actor (Madigan, Judgement at Nuremberg)

1916 – Helmut Eder, composer

1917 – Rosemary Woods, Nixon’s secretary, keep her away from your tapes

1921 – Steve Allen, NYC, comedian/TV host (Tonight Show, Steve Allen Show)

1921 – John Severin, Jersey City, New Jersey, comic book artist (Hulk, Mad Magazine), (d. 2012)

1927 – Alan KingBkln NY, comedian/actor (Anderson TapesMemories of Me)

1935 – Abdul “Duke” Fakir, Detroit MI, rock vocalist (Four Tops)

1935 – Barbara J Jacket, US athletic coach (Olympics 1972)

1936 – Kitty Dukakis, substance abuser/wife of Michael (Gov-Mass)

1937 – John Horton Conway, British mathematician

1937 – Jay Heimowitz, American poker player

1939 – [Harvey] Phil Spector, record producer (Wall of Sound)

1940 – Edward C. Prescott, American economist, Nobel laureate

1942 – Earl Cate, Ark, country singers (Cate Bros-Fire on the Tracks)

1942 – Ernie Cate, Ark, country singers (Cate Bros-Fire on the Tracks)

1945 – John Walsh, activist/TV host (America’s Most Wanted)

1947 – Carlton Fisk, Vermont, all star catcher (Red Sox, White Sox)

1947 – Joyce Jillson, Cranston RI, psychic/actress (Superchick)

1947 – James T. Conway, 34th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps

1949 – Ira Newborn, NYC, orchestra leader (Manhattan Transfer)

1949 – José Ramos-Horta, President of East Timor, Nobel laureate

1953 – Valeri Yuriyevich Sharov, Russian cosmonaut

1953 – Henning Schmitz, German musician (Kraftwerk)

1954 – Susan H Butcherdogsled driver (Idatarod)

1954 – Ullrich Diessner, German DR, 4 man cox (Olympic-gold-1976)

1954 – Walter Diessner, German DR, 4 man cox (Olympic-gold-1976)

1956 – David Sedaris, American essayist

1958 – Adrian Newey, British engineer

1959 – Lesley Tomlinson, Derbyshire England, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1959 – Koji Morimoto, Japanese animated film director

1960 – Jim Toomey, American syndicated cartoonist

1961 – Tahnee Welch, [La Tahn Renee Welch], San Diego CAactress (Cocoon)

1963 – Lars Ulrich, Danish/US heavy metal drummer (Metallica-Kill ‘em All)

1965 – Ben Husaby, Eden Prairie Minn, cross country skier (Olympics-1994)

1970 – Lisa Gathright, Moline Ill, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-17th-1993)

1970 – Willie Williams, NFL cornerback (Pittsburgh Steelers, Seahawks)

1970 – James Mercer, American musician (The Shins)

1972 – Jared Leto, Bossier City LA, actor (Jordan-My So Called Life)

1972 – Robert Muchamore, English children’s author

1973 – Ryan Berube, US, 800m freestyle relay (Olympics-gold-96)

1979 – Dimitry Vassiliev, Russian ski jumper

1979 – Chris Daughtry, American singer

1980 – Serena Phillips, Corvallis Ore, figure skater (1997 Pruetten champ)

Deaths

1350 – Jean de Marigny, French bishop

1458 – Arthur III, Duke of Brittany (b. 1393)

1476 – Galeazzo Maria Sforza, duke of Milan, murdered

1530 – Zahir al-Din Mohammed Babur Shah, founder Mogols-dynasty, dies at 47

1624 – Simon Marius, astronomer, dies in Bavaria at 54

1679 – John van de Cappelle, Amsterdam landscape painter, dies at 53

1771 – Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (b. 1715)

1776 – Johann Gottlieb RallHessian colonel/mercenarydies in battle in American Revolutionary War

1780 – John Fothergill, English physician (b. 1712)

1784 – Seth WarnerAmerican revolutionary leader (b. 1743)

1837 – Martinus van Marum, chemist/physicist (giant salamander), dies at 87

1861 – Philip St George Cocke, Confederate brig-gen, commits suicide at 52

1866 – Samuel Ryan Curtis, Union general-major, dies at 49

1869 – Jean Louis Marie Poiseuille, French physiologist (b. 1797)

1890 – Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (Trojan War), dies at 86

1909 – Frederic Remington, American artist (b. 1861)(see UE Births 10/4)

1931 – Melvil Dewey, inventor of the Dewey decimal classification (b. 1851)

1942 – Bosinier de la Chapelle, Fren murderer of adm Darlan, executed at 24

1950 – James Stephens, Irish poet (Crock of Gold), dies at 68

1960 – Eduard Ludwig, German architect (Hansa quarter, Berlin), dies at 54

1963 – “Gorgeous George” Wagner, wrestler, dies

1972 – Harry Truman33rd US Pres (1945-53), dies in KC Mo at 88

1974 – Jack Bennycomedian (Jack Benny Show), dies at 80

Best of Jack Benny I

Jack Benny vs. Groucho 1955

Phil Harris Roasts Jack Benny

1977 – Howard Hawksdirector (Rio LoboHatari!), dies at 81

Howard Hawks 1972 Interview

GENTLEMEN PREFER BLONDES

Bringing Up Baby

Rio Bravo

1985 – Dian Fossey, zoologist (Gorillas in the Mist), murdered at 53

1986 – Elsa Lanchester, actress (Bride of Frankenstein), dies at 84

1988 – Glenn McCarthy, American oil tycoon and businessman (b. 1907)

1990 – Nancy Cruznan, accident victim/right-to-die case, dies at 33

1992 – John G Kemeny, US computer pioneer (BASIC), dies

1997 – John Whitley, air-Marshal, dies at 92

1997 – Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist (b. 1922)

1999 – Curtis Mayfield, American musician (b. 1942)

2000 – Jason Robards, American actor (b. 1922)

2001 – Nigel Hawthorne, English actor (b. 1929)

2002 – Herb Ritts, American photographer (b. 1952)

2002 – Armand Zildjian, American cymbal manufacturer (b. 1921)

2004 – Sir Angus Ogilvy, British businessman, husband of Princess Alexandra of Kent (b. 1928)

2004 – Jonathan Drummond-Webb, South African pediatric heart surgeon (b. 1959)

2004 – Sigurd Køhn, Norwegian jazz musician, in 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (b. 1959)

2004 – Aki Sirkesalo, Finnish musician, in 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (b. 1962)

2004 – Mieszko Talarczyk, Lead singer/Guitarist of grindcore band, Nasum, in 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (b. 1974)

2004 – Troy Broadbridge, Australian rules footballer, in 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (b. 1980)

2005 – Erich Topp, German submarine commander (b. 1914)

2005 – Kerry Packer, Australian businessman (b. 1937)

2006 – Ivar Formo, Norwegian skier (b. 1951)

2006 – Gerald R Ford38th President of the United Statesdies at 93

2009 – Felix Wurman, American cellist and composer (b. 1958)

2010 – Teena Marie, American singer and composer (b. 1956)

Merry Christmas

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1 – 1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus

274 – Roman Emperor Aurelian dedicates a temple to Sol Invictus on the supposed day of the winter solstice and day of rebirth of the Sun.

 

 

 

337 – Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th

 

 

 

 

 

352 – 1st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th

 

 

 

 

 

390 – Roman emperor Theodosius admits debt on mass murder in Thessalonica

498 – French king Clovis baptises himself

597 – England adopts Julian calendar

604 – Battle at Etampes (Stampae): Burgundy beat Neustriers

800 – Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman emperor

875 – Charles, the Bare, crowned emperor of Rome

967 – John XIII crowned Otto II the Red German compassionate emperor

969 – Johannes I Tzimisces, crowned emperor of Byzantium

1000 – Monarch Istvan crowned king of Hungary

1046 – Pope Clemens VI crowns Henry III RC-German emperor

1066 – William the Conqueror, crowned king of England

1100 – Boudouin I of Boulogne crowned king of Jerusalem

1223 – St Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)

1492 – Columbus’ ship Santa Maria docks at Dominican Republic

1553 – Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.

1613 – Johan Sigismund of Brandenburg becomes protestant

1621 – Gov William Bradford of Plymouth forbids game playing on Christmas

 

 

 

1651 – Massachusetts General Court ordered a fine (five shillingsfor “observing any such day as Christmas

 

 

 

 

 

1717 – Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces, 1000s killed

1741 – Astronomer Anders Celcius introduces Centigrade temperature scale

1758 – Halley’s comet 1st sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch during return

1760 – Jupiter Hammon, NY slave, publishes poetry in “An Evening Throught”

1776 – Washington crosses Delaware & surprises & defeats 1,400 Hessians

1818 – 1st known Christmas carol (“Silent Night, Holy Night”) sung (Austria)

1818 – Handel’s Messiah, US premieres in Boston

1831 – Louisiana & Arkansas are 1st states to observe Christmas as holiday

1837 – Battle of Okeechobee-US forces defeat Seminole Indians

1843 – 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, NYC)

1862 – 40,000 watch Union army men play baseball at Hilton Head, SC

1868 – Despite bitter opposition, President A Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)

1896 – “Stars & Stripes Forever” written by John Philip Sousa

1899 – Farmers send/guide belegerd Ladysmith Kerstpudding/desire in grenade

1901 – Battle at Tweefontein Orange-Free state: Boers surprise attack Brits

 

 

 

1914 – Legendary/unofficial “Christmas Truce” takes place (Brits & Germans)

 

 

 

 

 

1926 – Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan (1926-1989)

1930 – 1st US bobsled run open to public (Lake Placid, NY)

1930 – Mt Van Hoevenberg bobsled run at Lake Placid, NY opens

1932 – 7.6 magnitude earthquake ravages Qansu, China, kills 275

1937 – Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st Symphony of the Air over NBC Radio

1938 – George Cukor announces Vivien Leigh will play Scarlett O’Hara

 

 

 

1939 – Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th reindeer

 

 

 

 

 

1941 – Japan announces surrender of British-Canadian garrison at Hong Kong

1941 – Japanese aircraft carriers Akagi/Kagu back in Kure, Japan

1942 – Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death

1942 – British Col S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter

1942 – Russian artillery/tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad

1946 – Constitution accepted in Taiwan

1950 – Coronation Stone, taken from Scone in Scotland by Edward I in 1296, stolen from Westminster Abbey & smuggled back to Scotland

1953 – Avalanche of lava kills 150 (Ruapehu volcano, New Zealand)

1957 – Ed Gein found insane of murder

1958 – Alan Freed’s Christmas Rock & Roll Spectacular opens

1959 – Sony brings transistor TV 8-301 to the market

1963 – Walt Disney’s “The Sword in the Stone” is released

1964 – “Goldfinger” premieres in US

1968 – Frank Borman’s Christmas reading while orbiting Moon

1969 – 5 Israeli gunboats escape from Cherbourg harbor

1971 – Worst hotel fire in history kills 163 at Taeyokale Hotel in Seoul

1973 – Tommy Chambers (Scotland) finishes 51 yr cycle tour (799,405 miles)

1973 – The ARPANET crashes when a programming bug causes all ARPANET traffic to be routed through the server at Harvard University, causing the server to freeze.

1974 – Cyclone Tracy virtually destroys Darwin Australia

1974 – Marshall Fields drives a vehicle through the gates of the White House, resulting in a four-hour standoff.

 

 

 

1979 – USSR airlifts invasionary army to Afghanistan

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – NBA’s Bernard King scores 60 points

1987 – Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme, who escaped 2 days earlier, recaptured

1989 – Japanese scientist achieve -271.8°C, coldest temp ever recorded

1990 – “Godfather III” premieres

1991 – Mikhail Gorbachev formally resigned as President of USSR

1997 – For 1st time US movie box office receipts pass $6 billion

2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe which was released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappears shortly before its scheduled landing.

2004 – Cassini orbiter releases Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

 

 

Births

1250 – John IV Laskaris, Byzantine Emperor (d. circa 1305)

1461 – Christina of Saxony, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1521)

1583 – Orlando Gibbons, English composer (O Clap Your Hands), baptized

1601 – Jose Ximenez, composer

1624 – Angelus Silesius, [Johann Scheffler], German mystic (St Seelenlust)

 

 

 

1642 – Isaac NewtonWoolsthorpe-by-ColsterworthEnglandphysicistmathematicianastronomer (GravityLaws of Motion), (d.1727)

 

 

 

 

 

1652 – Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)

1674 – Thomas Halyburton, Scottish theologian (d. 1712)

1700 – Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian general (d. 1758)

1716 – Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (d. 1774)

1730 – Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1816)

1763 – Claude Chappe, French engineer (optical telegraph)

1808 – Stephen Cleeg Rowan, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1890

1813 – Milledge Luke Bonham, (Confederacy) died in 1890

 

 

 

1821 – Clara BartonOxford Massnurse/founder (American Red Cross), (d. 1912)

 

 

 

 

 

1823 – Preston Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863

1832 – Thomas Alfred Smyth, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1865

1855 – James Galvin, pitcher, shut-out every opposing team in 1884

1856 – Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)

1863 – Charles Pathé, French pioneer of film and record industries (d. 1957)

1870 – Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist (d. 1965)

1873 – Otto Frederick Hunziker, Swiss-born American dairy educator (d. 1959)

1876 – Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Karachi, founded Pakistan (1947)/gov (1947-58)

1876 – Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Nobel laureate (d. 1959)

1878 – W Starling Burgess, yacht designer (America Cup’s Enterprise)

1878 – Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver (d. 1941)

1884 – Evelyn Nesbit, American actress (d. 1967)

1886 – Kid Ory, American musician (d. 1973)

1887 – Conrad Hilton, hotel mogul (Hilton Hotels)

 

 

 

1890 – Robert RipleySanta Rosa, Californiacollector of odd facts ( Believe it or Not), (d. 1949)

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Kenneth A N Anderson, British general (Dunkirk, North Africa)

1892 – Rebecca West, [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author

1899 – Humphrey Bogart, NYC, actor, Here’s looking at you, kid (Casablanca)

1900 – Barton Maclane, Columbia SC, actor (Gen Peterson-I Dream of Jeannie)

1900 – Gladys Swarthout, Deepwater Missouri, mezzo-soprano (La Gioconda)

1904 – Gerhard Herzberg, Can, physicist (molecular structure-Nobel 1971)

1906 – Clark M Clifford, US Secretary of Defense (1968-69)

1906 – William McChesney Martin, Chairman of Federal Reserve Bank (1951-70)

1906 – Ernst Ruska, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)

1907 – Cab[ell] Calloway, Rochester, bandleader (Minnie the Moocha, Jazzball)

1907 – Glenn McCarthy, American oil tycoon and businessman (d. 1988)

1908 – Quentin Crisp, English author (d. 1999)

1909 – Mike Mazurki, Tarnopal Austria, actor/wrestler (Centerfold Girls)

1911 – Burne Hogarth, strip-cartoon artist

1912 – Willian Noel Moffet, architect

1913 – Tony Martin, San Francisco, California, [Alvin Morris], SF, singer (It’s a Blue World, To Each), (d. 2012)

1914 – James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist (d. 2007)

1916 – Daniel Devoto, composer

1918 – Anwar el-Sadat, Egyptian Pres (1970-81, Nobel 1978)

1919 – Paul David, French Canadian cardiologist, founder of the Montreal Heart Institute (d. 1999)

1925 – Ossi Reichert, German FR, giant slalom (Olympic-gold-1956)

 

 

 

1925 – Carlos CastanedaPeruvian-born,US writer/mystic (Eagle’s GiftFire From Within)(d. 1998)

 

 

 

 

 

1929 – Billy Horton, rocker (The Silhouettes-Get a Job)

1929 – Stuart Hall, British radio and television presenter 

1934 – Giancarlo Baghetti, racing driver/journalist

1936 – Ismail Merchant, Bombay India, producer (Householder)

1937 – O’Kelly Isley, Cincinnati Ohio, singer (Isley Brothers-Twist & Shout)

1939 – Bob James, rocker

1939 – Christopher Wates, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire

1943 – Hanna Schygulla, Katowice Silesia, actress (Love is Colder than Death)

1943 – Ravish Malhotra, India cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11 backup)

1943 – Trevor Lucas, rocker (Fairport Convention)

1943 – Wilson Fittipaldi Júnior, Brazilian racing driver

1944 – Henry Vestine, rock guitarist (Canned Heat-On the Road Again)

1945 – Gary Sandy, Dayton Ohio, actor (Andy-WKRP in Cincinnati)

1945 – Ken “The Snake” Stabler, NFL quarterback (Oak Raiders, Super Bowl XI)

1945 – Noel Redding, rocker (The Jimi Hendrix Experience-Purple Haze)

1946 – Jimmy Buffet, Mobile Alabama, vocalist (Margaritaville)

1946 – Larry Csonka, NFL running back (Miami Dolphins, NY Giants)

1947 – Connie Petracek, Chambersburg PA, pistol shooter (Olympics 92, 96)

1948 – Barbara Mandrell, Houston Tx, singer/TV host (Mandrell Sisters)

1949 – Sissy Spacek, Quitman Tx (Carrie, Badlands, Coal Miner’s Daughter)

1949 – Simone Bittencourt de Oliveira, Singer and icon of the Brazilian music

1949 – Joe Louis Walker, American musician

1950 – Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor

1952 – CCH Pounder, Guyana-born actress

1952 – Desireless, French singer

1953 – Arnella Flynn, Rome Italy, Errol Flynn’s daughter

1954 – Annie Lennox, Aberdeen Scotld, vocalist (Eurythmics-Sweet Dreams, Why)

1954 – Robin Campbell, British reggae vocalist/guitarist (UB40-Red Red Wine)

1957 – Jillie Mack, Mrs Tom Selleck/actress (Magnum PI)

1957 – Shane McGowan, rock vocalist (Pogues-Red Roses For Me)

1959 – Michael P Anderson, Plattsburgh NY, major USAF/astronaut (STS 89)

1959 – Missy Cleveland, Jackson Miss, playmate (April, 1979)

1961 – Ingrid Betancourt, Colombian senator

1962 – Mary Ellen Clark, Abington Pa, diver (Olympics-2 bronze-92, 96)

1962 – Darren Wharton, British Keyboardist (Thin Lizzy and Dare)

1964 – Anil Kaul, Amritsar India, Canadian badminton player (Olympics-96)

1965 – Kathleen Luciano, Munich Ger, WPVA volleyballer (Nationals-17th-1993)

 

 

 

1968 – Helena ChristensenCopenhagen Denmarkmodel/actress (Inferno)

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Bernhard Jr, Prince of Netherlands

1971 – Dido, Kensington, London, pop singer and rap/dance music vocalist (Eminem’s ‘Stan’, ‘No Angel’)

1972 – Fantasia, [Tonya Manley], Detroit Mich, dancer/actress (Pump it Up)

1975 – Rob Mariano, American reality show contestant

1976 – Scott Vermillion, Independence MO, soccer defender (Olympics-gold-96)

 

 

 

Deaths

795 – Adrian I, Italian Pope (772-95), dies aged 95

820 – Leo V, the Armenian, Byzantine gen/Emperor (813-20), murdered

1156 – Peter Venerabilis, Fr theologist/9th abbot of Cluny, dies at about 61

1249 – Peter Nolascus, Spanish monastery founder/St, dies

1530 – Babur, emperor of Delhi, dies

 

 

 

1635 – Samuel de ChamplainFrench explorer and founder of Quebec City (b. 1567)

 

 

 

 

 

1676 – Matthew Hale, Lord Chief Justice of England (b. 1609)

1676 – William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, English soldier (b. 1592)

1683 – Kara Mustafa Pasha Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83) and Ottoman general, executed. (b. 1634)

1765 – Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (b. 1698)

1868 – Linus Yale, developer of cylinder lock, dies

1878 – Anna Claypoole Peale, US painter of miniatures, dies

1916 – St. Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic saint (b. 1845)

1925 – Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst (b. 1877)

1926 – Yoshihito, 123rd Emperor of Japan (1912-26), dies at 47

1946 – W C Fields, writer/comedian (Bank Dick, It’s A Gift), dies at 67

1954 – Johnny Ace, Memphis rhythm and blues singer, accidentally shoots himself in the head at 25

1954 – Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding), dies at 96

 

 

 

1957 – Frederick Law OlmstedUS architect (Central Park), dies at 87

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Rheinhold Rudenberg, inventor of electron microscope, dies

1961 – Otto Loewi, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)

1973 – Gabriel Voisin, French aviation pioneer (b. 1880)

 

 

 

1977 – Charlie Chaplinactor (Modern Times), dies in Switzerland at 88

 

Table Ballet

The Kid

♪ Smile

1980 – Oscar Romero, archbishop of El Salvador, murdered

1989 – Billy Martin, NY Yankee manager, killed in a car accident at 61

1989 – Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania’s dictator Nicolea, executed

1989 – Nicolea Ceausescu, dictator of Romania, executed

1992 – Richard H Ichord, US leader of House Un-American Activities Committee, dies at 66

1992 – Garrison H Davidson, US lt-gen commandant (West Point), dies

1993 – Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist (b. 1899)

1994 – Pierre Dreyfus, French director of Renault (1955-75), dies at 87

 

 

 

1995 – Dean Martinsinger/actor (Return to Me), dies at 78

 

 IT’S BEGINNING TO LOOK A LOT LIKE CHRISTMAS

Baby its Cold Outside

Let it Snow

 

 

 

1995 – Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher, dies at 89

1996 – Jon Benet Ramsey, Colo child beauty queen, murdered at 6

1997 – Anatoli Boukreev, mountaineer, dies at 39

1997 – Denver Pyle, actor (Dukes of Hazzard), dies at 77

2000 – Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher (b. 1908)

2004 – Gennady Strekalov, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1940)

2005 – Derek Bailey, English guitar virtuoso (b. 1930)

2005 – Birgit Nilsson, Swedish singer (b. 1918)

2006 – James Brown, rhythm & blues, gospel, jazz, soul and funk singer or simply the Godfather of Soul (Genius of Love, Hot Pants) dies at 73 from heart failure

2006 – Hiroaki Hidaka, Japanese serial killer (b. 1962)

2007 – Mighty King Kong, Kenyan reggae musician. (b. 1973)

2008 – Eartha Kitt, American actress and singer (b. 1927)

2009 – Vic Chesnutt, American singer and songwriter (b. 1964)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

563 – The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by earthquakes.

640 – John IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1046 – Pope Clement II, [Suitger] elected

1294 – Cardinal Benedetto Gaetani chosen as Pope Boniface VIII

1476 – 400 Burgundian soldiers freeze to death during siege of Nancy

1515 – Thomas Wolsey appointed English Lord Chancellor

1565 – Compromise of the Nobles closes against inquisition

1568 – Uprising of Morisco’s in Granada

1593 – Storm hits Texel: 40 ships hit, 500 killed

1651 – John van Riebeeck departs to Cape of Good Hope

1715 – Swedish troops occupy Norway

1724 – Benjamin Franklin arrives in London

 

 

 

1777 – Kiritimatialso called Christmas Islandis discovered by James Cook

 

 

 

 

 

1798 – Russia & England sign Second anti-French Coalition

1799 – Jakobijns plot against Napoleon uncovered

1814 – Treaty of Ghent (end of US-Britain’s War of 1812) signed

1818 – “Silent Night” composed by Franz Joseph Gruber; 1st sung next day

1832 – 1st US Negro hospital founded by whites chartered, Savannah, Georgia

1851 – Fire devastates US Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes

1864 – Battle of Gordonsville, VA

1865 – Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tn

1889 – Daniel Stover & William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake

1893 – Henry Ford completes his 1st useful gas motor

1914 – German plane drops bombs on Dover England

1920 – Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (NYC)

1922 – London Coloseum opens

 

 

 

1924 – School in Babb’s SwitchOklahoma catches fire36 die

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – Paris express train derails & kills 160, injures 300 (France)

1936 – 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered, Berkeley, Ca

1941 – 1st ships of admiral Nagumo’s Pearl Harbor-fleet return to Japan

1942 – 1st powered flight of V-1 buzz bomb, Peenemunde, Germany

1942 – Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk

1943 – FDR appoints Gen Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces

1946 – 4th French republic established

1948 – 1st US house completely sunheated is occupied (Dover Mass)

1953 – 2 fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 (Czechoslovakia)

1956 – “I Love Lucy” Christmas show airs, never put in syndication

1956 – Ferdinand de Lesseps statue blown up in Port Said Egypt

1961 – Houston Oilers beat San Diego Chargers 10-3 in AFL championship game

1963 – Greek & Turks riot in Cyprus

1966 – Luna 13 lands on Moon

1966 – USAF C144 military charter crashes near Binh Thai Vietnam kills 129

1967 – Pirate Radio Pegasus starts broadcasting off New Zealand

1968 – Apollo 8 astronauts read passages from Book of Genesis

1970 – 9 Jews are convicted in Leningrad of hijacking a plane

1970 – Walt Disney’s “Aristocats” is released

1971 – Peruvian Airlines Electra crashes at headwaters of Amazon, killing all except Juliane Margaret Koepcke found 10 days later

1973 – Ferryboat capsized off coast of Equador, drowning 200

1979 – 1st Ariane-rocket launched

1980 – Americans remembered Iran hostages by shining lights for 417 seconds

1981 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

1982 – Chaminade, with a student body of only 850 students, beats #1 ranked Virginia 77-72 in a Honolulu holiday basketball classic

1986 – French hostage Aurel Cornea, held in Lebanon for 9 months, released

1989 – Charles Taylor enters Liberia to unseat President Samuel K Doe

1989 – Panama’s dictator, Manual Noriega seeks asylum at Vatican embassy

1991 – Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of Soviet Union

1994 – 4 Moslem fundamentalists capture Air France pilot in Algiers

1997 – 1st time a Channukah candle is officially lit in Vatican City

2000 – The Texas 7 hold up a sports store in Irving, Texas. Police officer Aubrey Hawkins is shot during the robbery.

2003 – The Spanish police thwart an attempt by ETA to detonate 50 kg of explosives at 3:55 p.m. inside Madrid’s busy Chamartín Station.

 

 

 

Births

3 – Galba, Roman Emperor (d. 69)

1167 – John “without a land”, King of England (1199-1216)

1389 – John VI, Duke of Brittany (d. 1442)

1475 – Thomas Murner, German writer (d.c. 1537)

1491 – Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish founder of the Jesuit order (d. 1556)

1508 – Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (d. 1567)

1564 – Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver

1609 – Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (d. 1683)

1724 – Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (d. 1811)

 

 

 

1745 – Benjamin RushByberry Paphysician/general/signer (Decl of Indep)

 

 

 

 

 

1761 – Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (d. 1831)

 

 

 

1809 – Christopher “Kit” CarsonKYUnion brig-general/indian fighter/frontiersman (d. 1868)

 

 

 

 

 

1818 – James Prescott Joule, physicist (discovered conservation of energy)

1868 – Emanuel Lasker, Germany, world chess champion (1894-21)

1880 – Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, children’s book writer and creator of Raggedy Ann (d. 1939)

1894 – Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot

1898 – Baby Dodds, American jazz drummer (d. 1959)

1904 – Herbert D Riley, US vice-admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal, Okinawa)

1904 – Joseph Moses Juran, American industrial engineer and philanthropist.

1905 – Anna “Ans” van Dike (“the Young”), Jewish nazi collaborator

1905 – Howard Hughes, reclusive billionaire (Hughes Aircraft)/inventor

1910 – Fritz [Reuter] Leiber Jr, US, sci-fi author (Bazaar of the Bizarre)

1920 – Dave Bartholomew, La, jazz artist/songwriter (Blueberry Hill)

 

 

 

1922 – Ava GardnerGrabtown NCactress (On the BeachNight of the Iguana)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)

1924 – Lee Dorsey, American singer (d. 1986)

1924 – Grigory Kriss, Russian Olympic champion fencer

1929 – Mary Higgins Clark, Bronx NY, author (Cry in the Night, Stillwatch)

1930 – Robert Joffrey, [Abdullah Jaffa Anver Bey Khan], US, dancer

1940 – Paul Tagliabue, NFL commissioner (1989- )

1943 – Tatton Sykes, English baron/large landowner

1944 – Erhard Keller, German FR, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1968, 72)

1944 – Mike Curb, Savannah Ga, singer (Mike Curb Congregation)

1945 – Lemmy, [Ian Kilminster], rocker (Hawkwind, Motorhead-Built for Speed)

1945 – Nicholas Meyer, director (Star Trek II Wrath of Khan)

1946 – John Akkerman, Dutch guitarist/composer (Focus-Can’t Stand Noise)

1946 – Sharon Farrell, Sioux City Iowa, (Lori-Hawaii 5-0, Young & Restless)

1949 – Warwick Brown, Australian racing driver

1951 – Johnny Contardo, rocker (Sha Na Na-Shannon)

1956 – Stephanie Hodge, comedian/actress (I Madman, Happily Ever After)

1957 – Ian Burden, S Yorks England, rock bassist (Human League-Only Human)

1957 – Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan

1960 – Glenn McQueen, American animator (d. 2002)

1962 – Michael Ray, rocker

1963 – Mary Ramsey, singer (10,000 Maniacs)

1965 – Erika von Heiland, Angeles City Phil, US badminton player (Oly-92,96)

1965 – Nancy Reno, Elmhurst Ill, WPVA volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1966 – Deidrich Bader, Wash DC, actor (Oswald-Drew Carey Show)

1968 – Doyle Bramhall II, American guitarist

1968 – Marleen Renders, Belgian athlete

1971 – Ricky Martin, San Juan, Puerto Rico, singer (Menudo)/actor (General Hospital)

1971 – Tamir Bloom, NYC, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1973 – Eddie Pope, Greensboro NC, soccer defender (Olympics-gold-96)

1973 – Stephenie Meyer, Hartford, Connecticut, Author (Twilight)

1974 – Ryan Seacrest, American television host

1975 – Natalie Ward, Australian softball shortstop/2nd baseman (Oly-br-96)

1985 – David Ragan, American race car driver

 

 

Deaths

427 – Archbishop Sisinnius I of Constantinople

1069 – Godfried II, with the Beard, duke of Neder-Lutherans, dies

1257 – John I, Count of Hainaut (b. 1218)

1380 – John von Neumarkt, German bishop/Chancellor Karel IV, dies

1453 – John Dunstable, English composer, dies

 

 

 

1524 – Vasco da GamaPortuguese explorer/viceroy of Cochindies at about 55

 

 

 

 

 

1660 – Mary, 1st British Princess Royal and the Princess of Orange (b. 1631)

1707 – Noel Coypel, French painter, dies at 73 

1813 – Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1740)

1863 – W M Thackeray, writer, dies at 52

1865 – Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)

1868 – Adolphe d’Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist (b. 1802)

1869 – Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55

1872 – William John Macquorn Rankine, British physician and engineer (b. 1820)

 

 

 

1873 – Johns HopkinsBaltimore philanthropist and businessman (b. 1795)

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – John Muir, British naturalist (b. 1838)

1938 – Bruno Taut, German architect (b. 1880)

1942 – Jean LXF Darlan, French admiral, murdered by gaullists

1952 – Henry A “Hans” Kramers, Dutch theoretical physicist, dies at 58

1971 – Maria Koepcke, ornithologist (b. 1924)

1972 – Charles Atlas, bodybuilder, dies at 79

 

 

 

1980 – Karl DönitzGerman admiraland last leader of Nazi Germany (b. 1891)

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – Ian Hendry, actor (Assassin, Get Carter, Repulsion), dies at 53

1984 – Peter Lawford, actor (Thin Man), dies of cardiac arrest at 61

1991 – Walter Hudson, 1,025 lb man, dies at 46

 

 

 

1993 – Norman Vincent Pealerev (Power of Positive Thinking), dies at 95

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – John Eastburn Boswell, medievalist, dies at 47

1994 – Nathan I. Daniel, inventor (Guitars), dies at 82

1994 – Rossano Brazzi, It resistance fight/actor (Final Justice), dies at 78

1997 – Toshiro Mifune, Japanese actor (Shogun), dies at 77

2002 – Laci Peterson, American murder victim (b. 1975)

2008 – Harold Pinter, British playwright (b. 1930)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

619 – Boniface V begins his reign as Catholic Pope

962 – Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city of Aleppo, recovering the tattered tunic of John the Baptist.

1482 – Peace of Atrecht

1620 – French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII

1672 – Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn

1690 – John Flamsteed observes Uranus without realizing it’s undiscovered

1751 – France sets plan to tax clergymen

1776 – Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France

1776 – Thomas Paine writes “These are the times that try men’s souls”

 

 

 

1783 – General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Army to Congress

 

 

 

 

 

1788 – Maryland votes to cede a 10 sqaure mile area for Dist of Columbia

1823 – “Visit from St Nicholas” by C Moore published in Troy (NY) Sentinel

1834 – Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs

1862 – Union General Ben “Beast” Butler is proclaimed a “felon, outlaw & common enemy of mankind” by Jefferson Davis

1867 – 1st self-made millionairess (Sarah Breedlove-hair straightner)

1888 – Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear

1907 – 1st all-steel passengar railroad coach completed, Altoona, Pa

1912 – 1st “Keystone Kops” film, titled “Hoffmeyer’s Legacy”

1912 – Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation

 

 

 

1913 – President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.

1916 – World War I: Battle of Magdhaba – Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt’s Sinai peninsula.

1917 – 3 British warships come close to Holland

1919 – 1st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched

1919 – Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace

1920 – Ireland divided into 2 parts, each with its own parliament

1920 – King George V signs Home Rule Act

1930 – Bette Davis arrives in Hollywood under contract to Universal Studios

1930 – Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation started in NYC

1933 – Marinus van der Lubbe sentenced to death

1937 – First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.

1938 – Margaret Hamilton’s costume catches fire in filming of “Wizard of Oz”

 

 

 

1938 – Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.

 

 

 

 

 

1939 – Finnish counter offensive at Summa

1941 – American forces on Wake Island surrender to Japanese

1941 – British troops overrun Benghazi Libya

1941 – Japan begins assault on Rangoon Burma

1942 – Allies air attack on Den Helder

1943 – Gen Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day

1946 – Highest ridership in NYC subway history (8.8 million passengers)

1947 – Transistor invented by Bardeen, Brattain & Shockley in Bell Labs

1951 – Last Belgian communities get electricity

1954 – The first human kidney transplant is performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.

1960 – King Saudi of Saudi-Arabia takes power

1961 – Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62M worth of food & medical supplies

1962 – Cuba starts returning US prisoners from Bay of Pigs invasion

1963 – Beach Boys 1st appearance on “Shindig”

1963 – Fire on Greek ship Laconia, 128 die

 

 

 

1968 – 82 members of US intelligence ship `Pueblo‘ released by North Korea

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – 16 plane crash survivors rescued after 70dsurvived by cannabalism

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – “Immaculate Reception” Steelers turns around a 7-6 defeat with a last second touchdown reception against Raiders to win 13-7

1973 – “Young & Restless” premieres on TV

1973 – 6 Persian Gulf nations double their oil prices

1983 – Journal Science publishes 1st report on nuclear winter

1986 – Experimental airplane Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan & Jeana Yeager, complete 1st nonstop, round-the-world flight without refueling lands

1986 – Rutan & Yeager make 1st around-the-world flight without refueling

1987 – Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme, serving a life sentence for attempted assassination of Pres Gerald R Ford escapes from Alderson Prison

1990 – Slovenians vote to secede from Yugoslavia

1996 – 4 women ordained priests in Jamaica, 1st in 330-year Anglican history

1997 – Terry Nichols found guilty of manslaughter in Oklahoma bombing

1997 – US Agriculture Dept estimates it costs $149,820 to raise a child to 18

2002 – A MQ-1 Predator is shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25, making it the first time in history that an aircraft and an unmanned drone had engaged in combat.

2003 – PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai, Chongqing, China, killing at least 234.

 

 

Births

245 – Zenobia, Palmyra, Syria, Queen of Palmyra, (d. 274)

1173 – Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1231)

1513 – Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (d. 1577)

1548 – Pieter C Bockenberg, historian (Annales Hollandiae et Zeelandiae)

1613 – Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (d. 1676)

1621 – Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (d. 1678)

1621 – Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1682)

1732 – Richard Arkwright, inventor (spinning frame)

1750 – Frederik Augustus I, the Righteous, king of Saxony (1806-27)

1790 – Jean-Francois Champollion, deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics

1795 – Philippe Vandermaelen, Flemish cartographer (Atlas Universel)

1805 – Joseph Smith Jr, Sharon Vermont, founder (Mormon Church), (d. 1844)

1808 – Thomas Turner, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883

1818 – David Addison Weisiger, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1822 – Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (d. 1875)

1827 – Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Austrian admiral (Helgoland/Lissa)

 

 

 

1843 – Richard ConnerAmerican Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1924)

 

 

 

 

STOCKDALE, JAMES B. Photo

 

 

 

 

1854 – Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)

1862 – Henri Pirenne, Belgian historian (History of Belgium)

1867 – Madame C J Walker, Louisiana, cosmetic mogul (Madam C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company), (d. 1919)

1878 – Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (d. 1972)

1908 – Yousuf Karsh, portrait photographer (Life Magazine)

1909 – Barney Ross, NYC, Welterweight Boxing Champ (1934)

1910 – Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (d. 1961)

1911 – James Gregory, Bronx NYC, actor (My Favorite Martian, Barney Miller)

1918 – Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of Germany (SPD, 1974- )

1918 – Jose Greco, Italy, flamenco dancer (Holiday for Lovers)

1922 – Micheline Ostermeyer, France, shot-put/discus thrower (Oly-gold-1948)

1923 – Bob Barker, Darrington Wash, TV host (Price is Right)

 

 

 

1923 – James Stockdaleadmiral (Vietnam)Medal of Honor Recipient , POW,Ross Perot’s 1992 running mate

 

STOCKDALE, JAMES B. Photo

 

 

 

 

1923 – Onofre Marimón, Argentine racing driver (d. 1954)

1925 – Harry Guardino, NYC, actor (Monty Nash, Perry Mason, Hill St Blues)

1926 – Robert Bly, US, poet/editor/translator (Loving a Woman in 2 Worlds)

1929 – Chet Baker, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1988)

1931 – Ronnie Schell, Richmond Cal, comedian (Gomer Pyle, Good Morning World)

1935 – Esther Phillips, [EM Jones], US singer (When a Woman Loves a Man)

1935 – Paul Hornung, Green Bay Packer (the Golden Boy)

1936 – Frederic Forrest, Waxahachie TX, actor (Music Box, Lonesone Dove)

1937 – Karol Joseph Bobko, NYC, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 6, STS 51D, STS 51J)

1938 – Bob Kahn, American Internet pioneer

1939 – Johnny Kidd, [Frederick Heath], London, rocker (Johnny Kidd & Pirates)

1940 – Eugene Record, US singer (Chi Lites-Give it Away)

 

 

 

1940 – Jorma KaukonenWash DCrock guitarist (Jefferson AirplaneHot Tuna)

 

Hesitation Blues

Whinin Boy Blues

True Religion with Papa John Creech

I See The Light

 

 

 

 

1942 – Jerry Koosman, pitcher (NY Mets)

1943 – Derek Small, rocker (Spinal Tap)

1943 – Harry Shearer, LA California, actor (SNL, Simpsons, Pure Luck)

1943 – Mikhail Gromov, Russian-born mathematician

1943 – Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (d. 1987)

1945 – Richard C Wohlhuter, 800m runner (Olympic-bronze-1976)

1945 – Ronald Bushy, rocker (Iron Butterfly-Ina gada davida)

1947 – Bill Rodgers, marathon runner (Boston, NY)

1948 – Susan Lucci, Scarsdale NY, actress (All My Children, Mafia Princess)

1948 – Jack Ham, American football player (Steelers)

1948 – Leslie Moonves, American television executive

1949 – Luther Grosvenor, rocker (Spooky Tooth)

1949 – Adrian Belew, American musician

1951 – Johnny Contardo, singer (Sha Na Na)

1952 – William Kristol, American political commentator

 

 

 

1956 – Michele Alborettoformula-1 racer (Ferrari)

 

 

 

 

 

1956 – Dave Murray, London, English heavy metal guitarist and songwriter (Iron Maiden)

1958 – Denise McConnell, Weisbaden Germany, playmate (March, 1979)

1958 – Joan Severance, Houston Tx, actress (Hear No Evil, See No Evil)

1959 – Geoff Willis, British engineer

1962 – Bertrand Gachot, Belgian racing driver

1964 – Andy Gabel, Chicago Ill, short track skater (Olympics-1994)

1965 – Eddie Vedder, heavy metal singer (Pearl Jam-Justine)

1967 – Carla Bruni, Italian-French model and singer

1968 – Quincy Jones III, Swedish-American musician

1969 – Greg Biffle, American racecar driver

1971 – Corey Haim, Toronto, actor (Silver Bullet, Lucas, License to Drive)

1971 – Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, British socialite

1971 – Wim Vansevenant, Belgian cyclist

1975 – Sky Lopez, American actress

1976 – Jamie Noble, American professional wrestler

1977 – Becky Ruehl, Lakeside Park Ky, diver (Olympics-4th-1996)

1977 – Alge Crumpler, American football player

1977 – Jari Mäenpää, Finnish guitarist and singer

1978 – Jodie Marsh, British glamour model

 

 

 

1978 – Estella WarrenCanadian model and actress

 

 

 

 

 

1979 – Summer Altice, American model and actress

1979 – Holly Madison, American model

 

 

 

Deaths

558 – Childebert, king of France (511-58), dies at about 6

679 – Dagobert II, king of Austrasia (676-679), murdered

910 – Naum of Preslav, Bulgarian scholar

918 – Conrad I, East Frankish/German king (911-18), dies. Born 890

1116 – Ivo van Chartres, French canonist/bishop of Chartres/saint, dies

1230 – Berengaria of Navarre, queen of Richard I of England

1569 – St Philip II, Metropolitan of Moscow, martyred by Ivan the Terrible

 

 

 

1575 – Akiyama NobutomoJapanese warrior (hanged) (b. 1531)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1588 – Hendrik de Guise, French leader of Catholic League, murdered at 37

 

 

 

1652 – John CottonMass Bay Puritan preacher, dies at 68

 

 

 

 

 

1675 – Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)

1722 – Pierre Varignon, French mathematician (b. 1654)

1761 – Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy

1779 – Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (b. 1724)

1789 – Charles-Michel de l’Épée, French philanthropist (b. 1712)

1795 – Henry Clinton, British general (b. 1730)

1805 – Pehr Osbeck, Swedish explorer and naturalist (b. 1723)

 

 

 

1834 – Reverend Thomas MalthusEnglish demographer and economist (b. 1766)

 

 

 

 

 

1846 – Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, French naturalist (b. 1780

1912 – Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)

1939 – Anthony H G Fokker, Dutch airplane builder (Spider), dies at 49

1946 – John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)

1948 – Hideki Tojo, Japan PM (1941-44) & 6 Japs, hanged for war crimes at 64

1953 – Lavrenti P Beria, soviet minister of internal security, executed

1954 – René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)

1967 – Ruth Fuller Sasaki, head of 1st Zen Institute of America, dies at 75

1970 – Charlie Ruggles, actor (Ruggles, Aesop-Bullwinkle Show), dies at 84

 

 

 

1972 – Andrej N TupolevRussian aircraft builderdies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Charles Atlas, [Angelo Siciliano], body builder, dies at 79

1975 – Richard S Welch, CIA station chief in Athens, shot dead

1979 – Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (b. 1898)

1982 – Jack Webb, actor (Joe Friday-Dragnet), dies of a heart attack at 62

1985 – James Vance (20) & Raymond Belknap (18), commit suicide, sparking their families to sue rock group Judas Priest for subliminal messages

1995 – Patric Reginald Lawrence Knowles, actor (Chisum, Mutiny), dies at 84

1996 – Ronnie Scott, musician/club-owner, dies at 69

1997 – Hrvoje Horvatic, video artist, dies at 39

1997 – Keith Bentley, international racing cyclist, dies at 72

1997 – Stanley Cortez, cinematographer (Magnificent Ambersons), dies at 89

2000 – Billy Barty, American actor (b. 1924)

2000 – Victor Borge, Danish-born comedian and pianist (b. 1909)

2005 – Norman D. Vaughan, American polar explorer and dogsled driver (b. 1905)

2007 – William Francis Ganong, American physiologist (b. 1924)

2007 – Michael Kidd, American film and stage choreographer (b. 1915)

2007 – Oscar Peterson, Canadian jazz pianist and composer (b. 1925)

 

 

 

2009 – Robert L. Howardhighly decorated officer of the United States Army Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1939)

 

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

2010 – Fred Hargesheimer, American World War II pilot (b. 1916)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

401 – St Innocent I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

795 – Leo III succeeds pope Adrianus I

1135 – Norman nobles recognize Stefanus van Blois as English king

1216 – Pope Honorius III delegates degree “Religiosam vitam eligentibus”

1465 – Peace of St Truiden: Louis van Bourbon becomes bishop of Luik

1596 – Ferryboat Meuniers crashes in Paris, 150 die

1689 – Heavy earthquake strikes Innsbruck

1715 – English pretender to the throne James III lands at Peterhead

 

 

 

1775 – Continental navy organized with 7 ships

 

 

 

 

 

1807 – Congress passes Embargo Act, to force peace between Britain & France

1810 – British frigate Minotaur sinks killing 480

1849 – The execution of Fyodor Dostoevsky is called off at the last second.

1862 – -Jan 2nd) Raid on Morgan’s: Bardstown to Elizabethtown, KY

1882 – 1st string of Christmas tree lights created by Thomas Edison

1885 – Ito Hirobumi, a samurai, became the first Prime Minister of Japan.

1888 – Heavyweight boxing champ John L Sullivan challenges Jake Kilrain

1890 – Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kingsport and Kentville, Nova Scotia.

1894 – French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated)

1919 – US deports 250 alien radicals, including anarchist Emma Goldman

1937 – Lincoln Tunnel (NYC) opens to traffic

1939 – 125 die in train wreck at Magdeburg Germany

1939 – Finnish counter offensive at Petsamo

1939 – 99 die in 2nd wreck at Friedrichshafen Germany

1940 – World War II: Himarë is captured by the Greek army.

1941 – Japans invasion leader lands on Luzon, Philippines

1941 – Tito establishes 1st Proletarian Brigade in Yugoslavia

1942 – World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon.

1943 – Manufacturers get permission to use synthetic rubber for baseball core

1943 – WEB Du Bois elected 1st black member, Natl Inst of Arts & Letters

1944 – Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium

1950 – 2 self-propelled trains of Long Island RR collide, killing 77

1956 – Colo is born, the first gorilla to be bred in captivity.

1958 – “Chipmunk Song” reaches #1

1962 – 1,000,000th NBA point scored

1963 – Cruise ship Lakonia burns 180 miles north of Madeira with the loss of 128 lives.

1964 – Lockheed SR-71 spy aircraft reaches 3,530 kph (record for a jet )

1964 – Comedian Lenny Bruce is convicted of obscenity.

1965 – Director David Lean’s “Dr Zhivago,” premieres

1969 – Pete Marovich sets NCAA record of hitting 30 of 31 foul shots

1970 – Treblinka SS commander Franz Stangl sentenced to life imprisonment

1972 – 6.25 earthquake strikes Managua Nicaragua, 12,000+ killed

1974 – 2nd cease-fire between IRA & British; lasts until approx April 1975

1976 – German DR banishes singer Nina Hagen

 

 

 

1977 – 36 die as grain elevator at Continental Grain Company plant explodes

 

 

 

 

1980 – Cardinals release outfielder Bobby Bonds

1980 – Pres-elect Reagan appoints J Kirkpatrick (UN) & James Watt (Interior)

1981 – Argentine general Leopoldo Galtieri sworn in as president
ubway train

1984 – Madonna’s “Like a Virgin,” single goes #1 for 6 weeks

1988 – 2 robbers wearing police uniforms rob armored truck of $3 M in NJ

1988 – Tug hits oil barge, spreads 231,000 gal on 300 mi of WA & BC coast

1989 – After 23 years of dictatorial rule, Romania ousts Nicolae Ceausescu

1989 – Cold wave: -4°F in Oklahoma City, -6°F in Tulsa, -12°F in Pitts

1989 – -18°F in Denver, -23°F in KC Mo, -42°F in Scottsbluff Nebraska -47°F in Hardin Mont & -60°F in Black Hills South Dakota

1990 – Iraq announces it will never give up Kuwait

1990 – Israeli ferry capsizes killing 21 US servicemen

1990 – Lech Walesa sworn in as Poland’s 1st popularly elected president

1992 – Libyan MIG-23UB attacks Boeing 727 at Souk al-Sabt, 158 die

1997 – Merck baldness pill for men approved by FDA

1997 – Nancy Kerrigan & Tonya Harding pre-record a show to air on FOX on Feb 5

 

 

 

1997 – Acteal massacre: Attendees at a prayer meeting of Roman Catholic activists for indigenous causes in the small village of Acteal in the Mexican state of Chiapas are massacred by paramilitary forces.

 

 

 

 

 

1999 – The Spanish Civil Guard finds near Calatayud (Zaragoza) another van loaded by ETA with 750 kg of explosives (see related event on December 21, 1999).

2001 – Burhanuddin Rabbani, political leader of the Afghan Northern Alliance, hands over power in Afghanistan to the interim government headed by President Hamid Karzai.

2001 – Richard Reid attempts to destroy a passenger airliner by igniting explosives hidden in his shoes aboard American Airlines Flight 63.

2003 – A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits near San Simeon, California.

 

 

Births

1095 – Roger II of Sicily, King of Sicily (d. 1154)

1178 – Emperor Antoku of Japan (d. 1185)

1400 – Luca della Robbia, Italy, sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden)

1459 – Djem Sultan, son of Turks sultan Mehmed II

1546 – Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese Daimyo (d. 1604)

1550 – Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (d. 1631)

 

 

 

1643 – Rene-Robert Cavelier La SalleFranceFrench explorer (Louisiana)

 

 

 

 

 

1666 – Guru Gobind Singh, Sikh guru (d. 1708)

1684 – Johann J Dillenius, [Dillen], German botanist (Historia Muscorum)

1696 – James Oglethorpe, England, General/author/colonizer (Georgia)

1727 – William Ellery, US attorney/signer (Declar of Independence)

 

 

 

1744 – Abigail AdamsWeymouth Mass2nd first lady (1797-1801)

 

 

 

 

 

1753 – Dugald Stewart, Edinburgh Scot, philosopher (Scottish common sense)

1761 – Dorothea Jordan, Ireland, French comedic actress

1764 – Barbara Juliane Krudener, Latvia, mystic visionary renounced nobility

1765 – Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician (d. 1825)

1767 – Andreas Hofer, South Tirol, rebellion leader (fought Napoleon’s France)

1803 – Joseph King Fenno Mansfield, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1805 – John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (d. 1893)

1819 – Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (d. 1892)

1826 – James Scott Negley, (Union volunteers Major General, died in 1901)

1831 – Robert Ogden Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1874

1832 – Edward Hatch, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1889

1859 – Cecil [James] Sharp, London England, folk musician

1862 – Connie Mack, East Brookfield, Massachusetts, HOF baseball executive/manager (Phila A’s 1900-1950), (d. 1956)

1863 – Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Thoissey France, soldier/explorer (Sudan)

1867 – Joseph [Maria] Olbrich, Silesia, German architect (Wiener Sezession)

1867 – [Karl Eduard] Wilhelm Groener, Germany. Soldier and politician

1868 – John Nance Garner, Texas, (VP-D-1933-41)

1869 – Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)

1872 – Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist (d. 1961)

1887 – Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (d. 1920)

1888 – Joseph Arthur Rank, English film magnate/baron

1890 – Mark Tobey, US abstract painter (Broadway Norm)

1898 – Lionel Charles Robbins, Middlesex England, economist

1898 – Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Russian physicist (d. 1974)

1899 – Hoagy Carmichael, Bloomington Ind, pianist/composer

1901 – Andre Kostelanetz, St Petersburg Russia, conductor (Lincoln Portrari)

1902 – Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, France, WW II hero (liberator of Paris)

1902 – Joe Adonis, Italy, American crime-syndicate boss in NY & NJ

1903 – H Keffer Hartline, US, biophysicist (Nobel 1967)

1908 – Marius F Duintjer, Dutch architect

1908 – Max Bill, Swiss painter/sculptor/politician (Ruban Sans Fin)

1911 – Grote Reber, US, astronomer (1st parabolic radio telescope)

1912 – Claudia A “Lady Bird” Taylor Johnson, 1st lady (1963-1969)

1912 – Doris Duke, NYC, heiress (American Tobacco Co)

1917 – Andrew Fielding Huxley, London England, physiologist (Nobel 1963), (d. 2012)

1917 – Gene Rayburn, Christopher Ill, TV game show host (Match Game)

1921 – Hawkshaw Hawkins, Huntington WV, country singer (Ozark Jubilee)

1922 – Barbara Billingsley, LA California, actress (June-Leave it to Beaver)

1924 – Geraldine Page, Kirksville Mo, actress (Interiors, Beguiled)

1930 – Larry Stevenson [Richard], Santa Monica, California, skateboard innovator (kicktail), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1934 – David PearsonAmerican racecar driver

 

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – John L Finley, USAF/astronaut

1935 – Oleg Alekseyevich Protopopov, Russia, pairs skater (Oly-gold-1964, 68)

1936 – Hector Elizondo, NYC, actor (American Gigolo, Young Doctors in Love)

1936 – James Burke, British writer

1938 – Matty Alou, Dominican baseball player

1944 – Barry Jenkins, rocker (Animals-House of the Rising Sun)

1944 – Steve Carlton, Phillies’ pitcher (Cy Young ’72, ’77, ’80, ’82)

1945 – Diane Sawyer, Glasgow Ky, newscaster (60 Minutes, ABC Prime Time)

1946 – Rick Nielsen, Rockford Il, rock vocalist/guitarist (Cheap Trick)

1947 – Brian C Daley, US, sci-fi author (Exploits of Han Solo, Tron)

1948 – Noel Edmonds, British TV personality (Foul-ups, Bleeps & Blunders)

1948 – Steve Garvey, 1st baseman (LA Dodgers, San Diego Padres)

1949 – Maurice Gibb, Manchester England, rocker (Bee Gees-Saturday Night Fever)

1949 – Robin Gibb, Manchester England, rocker (Bee Gees-Saturday Night Fever), (d. 2012)

1951 – Charles de Lint, Neth, sci-fi author (Moonhear, Mulengro, Yarrow)

1951 – Jan Stephenson, Sydney Australia, golfer (LPGA Rookie of Year-1974)

1953 – Bernnadette Stanis, Bkln NY, actress (Thelma-Good Times)

1954 – Hideshi Matsuda, Japanese racing driver

1957 – Susan Powter, diet guru/author/talk show host (Susan Powter Show)

1960 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, Haiti/US graffiti artist/painter (Gray, SAMO)

1960 – Tyrell Biggs, Phila, super HW boxer (Olympic-gold-1984)

1960 – Luther Campbell (Luke), American rap artist (2 Live Crew)

1960 – Patrick Fitzgerald, American attorney

1961 – Yuri Ivanovich Malinchenko, Russian lt-col/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-19)

1961 – Andrew Fastow, American businessman

1962 – Ralph Nathaniel Fiennes, Suffolk England, actor (English Patient)

1963 – Luna H. Mitani, Japanese American surrealism painter

1966 – Dmitry Bilozerchev, Soviet gymnast

1966 – Marcel “Schmier” Schirmer, German singer and bassplayer (Destruction)

1968 – Dina Meyer, American actress

1972 – Anthony Edwards, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1973 – Annie Pelletier, Montreal Quebec, 3m diver (Olympics-bronze-96)

1975 – Crissy Moran, American erotic actress

1977 – Joanna Hughes, Victoria Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1984 – Basshunter, popular Swedish singer

1989 – Jordin Sparks, American singer and American Idol winner

 

 

Deaths

69 – Aulus Vitellius, Roman Emperor for 8 months, executed by the troops of his successor Vespasian in Rome

1100 – Duke Bretislaus II of Bohemia

1337 – Daito Kokushi, leader of O-To-Kan Rinzai school in Japan, dies at 54

 

 

 

1440 – Bluebeardpirateexecuted

 

 

 

 

 

1550 – Richard Plantagenet (Richard of Eastwell) possibly a son of Richard III

1603 – Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1566) Reigned 1595-1603.

1660 – André Tacquet, Flemish mathematician (b. 1612)

1721 – Nathaniel Hawes, tortured & executed in England for robbery

1738 – Constantia Jones, British prostitute (executed)

1767 – John Newberry, English publisher, dies

1788 – Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)

1806 – William Vernon, American merchant (b. 1719)

1815 – Jose Maria Morelos, Mexican revolutionary priest executed by Spaniards

1828 – Rachel Jackson, wife of 7th US pres Andrew Jackson, dies

1828 – William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist (b. 1766)

1863 – Michael Corcoran, Union brig-general, dies at 36

1867 – Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician (kinematics), dies at 79

1902 – Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing, psychiatrist, dies at 62

1917 – Francesca Saveria Cabrini, US saint/patron of immigrant, dies at 67

 

 

 

1939 – Ma Rainey, “Mother of the Blues“, US blues singer/composerdies at 53

 

MEMPHIS MINNIE

Booze And Blues

Louisiana Hoo Doo Blues

Black Bottom

 

 

 

 

1940 – Nathanael West, [Weinstein], US writer (Cool Million), dies at 37

1942 – Franz Boas, German anthropologist (b. 1858)

1943 – Beatrix Potter, English writer (b. 1866)

1944 – Harry Langdon, US comic/director (Heart Trouble), dies at 6

1945 – Otto Neurath, Austrian/British philosopher, dies at 61 

1969 – Josef von Sternberg, Austrian director (Shanghai Express), dies at 71  

1973 – Irna Phillips, creator of 5 TV soap operas, dies at 72

1979 – Darryl F Zanuck, film producer (20th Century Fox), dies at 77

1985 – D. Boon, American singer and guitarist (The Minutemen) (b. 1958)

1989 – Samuel Beckett, Irish/French writer (Molloy, Nobel 1969), dies at 83

1991 – Ernst Krenek, Austrian/US composer (Orpheus & Eurydike), dies at 92

1993 – Don DeFore, actor (George Baxter-Hazel), dies of cardiac arrest at 76

 

 

 

1995 – Butterfly McQueenactress (GoneWith the Wind), dies in a fire at 84

 

 

 

 

 

1995 – James Meade, English economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner (b. 1907)

1997 – John Pinkerton, compuer scientist, dies at 78

1997 – Johnny Coles, trumpeter, dies at 71

2006 – Dennis Linde, American songwriter (b. 1943)

2010 – Fred Foy, American radio and television announcer (b. 1921)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1163 – Hurricane hits villages in Holland/Friesland, causing floods

1561 – Archbishop Granvelle installed

1582 – Flanders adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is Jan 1 1583

 

 

 

1598 – Battle of Curalaba: The revolting Mapuche, led by cacique Pelentaruinflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile; all Spanish cities south of the Biobio river are eventually taken by the Mapuches, and all conquest of Mapuche territories by Europeans practically ceases, until the 1870s “Pacification of Araucania”.

 

 

 

 

 

1620 – 103 Mayflower pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock [OS=Dec 11]

1688 – Pro-James II-earl of Devonshire occupies Nottingham

1784 – John Jay becomes 1st US secretary of state (foreign affairs)

1829 – 1st stone arch railroad bridge in US dedicated, Baltimore

1844 – The Rochdale Pioneers commence business at their cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement.

1849 – 1st US skating club formed (Phila)

 

 

 

1864 – General Sherman conquers SavannahGeorgia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1866 – CheyennesArapho’sSiouxFetterman Massacre

 

 

 

 

 

1898 – Scientists Pierre & Marie Curie discovers radium

1909 – U of Coopenhagen rejects Cook’s claim that he was 1st to North Pole

1910 – Explosion in coal mine in Hulton England, 344 mine workers dies

1914 – “Tillie’s Punctured Romance,” 1st six-reel feature comedy debuts

1914 – 1st feature-length silent film comedy, “Tillie’s Punctured Romance” released. (Marie Dressler, Mabel Normand & Charles Chaplin)

1915 – 10.17″ (25.83 cm) of rainfall, Glenora, Oregon (state record)

1919 – J Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

1921 – Supreme Court rules labor injunctions & picketing unconstitutional

1929 – 1st group hospital insurance plan offered (Dallas Tx)

1932 – Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers, 1st joint movie (Flying Down to Rio)

1933 – Dried human blood serum 1st prepared, Univ of Pennsylvania

1941 – Chicago Bears Ray McLean makes last NFL drop kick for an extra point

1941 – German submarine U-567 sinks

1942 – US Supreme court declares Nevada separation legal

 

 

 

1946 – Frank Capra’s “It’s a Wonderful Life,” premieres

 

 

 

 

 

1948 – State of Eire (formerly Irish Free State) declares its independence

1951 – Joe DiMaggio announces his retirement

1954 – Dr Sam Sheppard’s wife Marilyn is murdered (he is accused of crime)

1958 – Charles De Gaulle wins 7 year term as 1st pres of 5th Rep of France

1959 – 10th largest snowfall in NYC history (13.7″)

1959 – Tom Landry accepts coaching job with Dallas Cowboys (stays until 1988)

1962 – US & Cuba accord, releases bay of pigs captive

1966 – USSR launches Luna 13; soft-landed in Oceanus Procellarum

1968 – Apollo 8 (Borman, Lovell & Anders) 1st manned Moon voyage

1968 – David Crosby, Stephen Stills & Graham Nash premiere together in Calif

1969 – Diana Ross final TV appearance as a Supreme (Ed Sullivan Show)

1969 – Vince Lombardi (Redskins) coaches his last football game, losing

1975 – 1st NY Jet to gain 1,000 yards rushing (John Riggins)

1976 – UN General Assembly passes a resolution declaring 1979-Year of Child

1978 – Police in Des Plaines Ill, arrest John Wayne Gacy Jr for murder

1980 – Harold Carmichael ends NFL streak of 127 consecutive game receptions

1984 – USSR launches Vega 2 for fly-by of Halley’s Come

1985 – ARCO Anchorage runs aground near Port Angeles, WA

1987 – Soyuz TM-4 launches 3 cosmonauts to space station Mir

1988 – Drexel agrees guilt to security felonies, pays a $650 million fine

 

 

 

1988 – Pan AM Flight 103 was destroyed by a bomb killing 243 passengers and 16 crew (also known as the Lockerbie bombing)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1991 – 95 share in Madrid Spain $1.3 billion lottery (#47996)

1991 – El Sayid Nosair acquitted of killing Meir Kahane

1991 – Soviet Union formally dissolves 11 of 12 republics sign treaty forming Commonwealth of Independent States

1992 – Dutch DC-10 in fire at landing on Faro Portugal, 56 die

1994 – Bomb goes off on #4 train on Fulton Street NYC

1995 – Martina Ertl of Germany wins her 3rd giant slalom world cup

1995 – The city of Bethlehem passes from Israeli to Palestinian control.

1997 – Detroit Lions Barry Sanders is 3rd to run for 2,000 yards in a season

1999 – The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a van loaded with 950 kg of explosives that ETA intended to use to blow up Torre Picasso in Madrid.

 

 

Births

1117 – Thomas BecketCheapsideLondonarchbishop of Canterbury (1162-1170), (d. 1170)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1401 – Tommaso Masaccio, Italian painter (d. 1428)

1518 – Mark van Vaernewijck, Flemish nobleman/politician

1537 – Johan III, king of Sweden (1569-92)

 

 

 

1603 – Roger WilliamsEnglish theologian and colonist (d. 1684)

 

 

 

 

 

1714 – John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (d. 1774)

1795 – Leopold von Ranke, German historian (d. 1886)

1800 – Barnwell Rhett Robert, (Confederacy), died in 1876

1804 – Benjamin Disraeli, (Tory) British PM (1868, 1874-80)

1805 – Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)

1818 – Lewis H Morgan, US, etnologist (Systems of Consanguinity)

1823 – Jean Henri Fabre, France, entomologist (insects & spiders)

1832 – John Henry Ketcham, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906

1843 – Thomas Bracken, Irish-born New Zealand poet (d. 1898)

1860 – Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah)

1872 – Albert P Terhune, US, novelist (Lad, a Dog)

1878 – Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish philosopher and mathematician (d. 1956)

1879 – Theodore Limperg, business economist (substitute value)

1886 – Hermann A J Kees, German Egyptologist (Problems of Egyptology)

1889 – Sewall Wright, American biologist (d. 1988)

1890 – Fred M Vinson, US Supreme Court Justice (1946-53)

1890 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist and Nobel laureate (d. 1967)

1892 – Rebecca West, [Cicily I F Andrews], Engl author (Meaning of Treason)

1892 – Walter Hagen, Rochester NY, PGA golfer (US Open 1914, 19)

1898 – Ira S Bowen, US physicist/astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar)

1911 – Josh Gibson, pro baseball player, “Negro Babe Ruth” (hit 800+ HRs)

1915 – Werner von Trapp, member of the Trapp Family Singers (d. 2007)

1917 – Alicia Alonso, Havana Cuba, ballerina (American Ballet Theatre)

1918 – Kurt Waldheim, Nazi/4th UN Sec-Gen (1972-81)/Austrian pres (1986-92)

1919 – Gert Fredriksson, Sweden, 1K kayak (Olympic-gold-1948, 52, 56)

1920 – Bob Bindig, American cartoonist (d. 2006)

1922 – Paul Winchell, NYC, ventriloquist (Jerry Mahoney, Knucklehead Smith)

1924 – Joe Paterno, football coach (Penn State, SI Sportsman of 1986)

1924 – Rita Reys, [Maria Reijs], Dutch jazz singer

1935 – Phil Donahue, Cleve Ohio, talk show host (Phil Donahue Show)

1935 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian racecar driver (d. 1967)

 

 

 

1940 – Frank Zappa, Baltimore, rocker (Mothers of Invention, Catholic Girls)(see UE Deaths 12/04)

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – Carla ThomasUS singer (Let Me Be Good to You)

 

All I Want For Christmas Is You

Gee Whiz

Tramp with Otis Redding

I’LL NEVER STOP LOVING YOU BABY

 

 

 

 

1942 – Hu Jintao, Chinese president

 

 

 

1943 – Albert Leecountry , blues & rockabilly guitarist

 

Tear It Up

One Way Rider with Vince Gill & Danny Gatton

I Got a Woman with Chet Atkins & James Burton

Let It Be Me with Alexandra Lee

 

 

 

 

1945 – Millie Hughes-Fulford, Wells Tx, astronaut (STS 40)

1946 – Carl Dean Wilson, Hawthorne California, rock vocalist (Beach Boys-Barbie)

 

 

 

1947 – Paco de LucíaSpanish guitarist , musician

 

Shreds

Rio Ancho

Mediterranean Sundance with Al DiMeola & John McLaughlin

Tico Tico

 

 

 

 

1948 – Dave Kingman, baseball player (Mets, Yanks, Giants)

1948 – Samuel L Jackson, Washington DC, actor (Amos & Andrew, White Sand, Pulp Fiction)

1952 – Dennis Boutsikaris, Newark NJ, actor (Batteries Not Included)

1952 – Steve Furniss, US swimmer (Olympics-bronze-1972)

1953 – Andras Schiff, Budapest Hungary, pianist (Tchaikovsky-1974)

 

 

 

1953 – Arie LuyendykNetherlandsIndy-car racer (1990 Indianapolis 500)

 

 

 

 

 

1953 – Betty Wright, US gospel/singer/TV hostess (Little Miss Broadway)

1953 – Tina Brown, journalist (New Yorker)

1954 – Chris Evert Lloyd Mills, Fort Lauderdale, tennis pro ‘Miss pokerface’

1956 – Kevin Burnham, Hollis NY, 470 yachter (Olympics-8th-1992, 96)

1956 – Lee Roy Parnell, Abilene Texas, country singer (Oughta be a Law)

1957 – Joshua Mostel, NYC, actor (Delta House, At Ease)

1957 – Ray Romano, Queens NY, actor (Ray Barone-Everybody Loves Raymond)

1959 – Florence Griffith Joyner, LA California, runner (Olympic-3 gold-1988)

1960 – Michael Swain, Elizabeth NJ, judoka (Olympics-bronze-88)

1960 – Roger McDowell, Cincinnati OH, pitcher (NY Mets, Balt Orioles)

1965 – Andy Dick, Charleston SC, actor (Matthew-Newsradio)

1968 – Khrystyne Haje, Santa Clara, Cal, actress (Simone-Head of the Class)

1969 – Julie Delpy, actress (Before Sunrise)

1971 – Irena Slavutskay, Israel, athlete (Oly-1996)

1971 – Fenton Keogh, Australian celebrity chef

1974 – Karrie Webb, Ayr Queensland Aus, LPGA golfer (1994 Aust Strokeplay)

1975 – Paloma Herrera, Argentine ballet dancer

1976 – Mirela Manjani, Greek javelin thrower

1978 – Amber Corwin, Harbor City Ca, figure skater (1997 National Sr – 5th)

1979 – Tuva Novotny, Swedish actress and singer

1982 – Erica Hayden, American journalist and radio personality

1982 – Iljo Keisse, Belgian cyclist

1985 – James Stewart Jr., American motorcycle racer

Deaths

72 – Thomas the Apostle

918 – Conrad I, Duke of Franconia/German King (911-918), dies

1295 – Marguerite Berenger of Provence, wife of Louis IX of France (bc. 1221)

1308 – Henry I, the Child, 1st landgrave of Hessen (1256-1308), dies at 64

1549 – Marguerite of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre (b. 1492)

1674 – Rutger van Haersolte, viceroy of Overijsselse, dies at about 66

1736 – Alessandro Galilei, Italian architect (Cappella Corsini), dies at 45

1824 – James Parkinson, English physician, geologist, paleontologist, and political activist (b. 1755)

1873 – Francis Garnier, French explorer (b. 1839)

1889 – Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist (b. 1809)

1900 – Roger Wolcott, American political figure, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1847)

1907 – Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (public baths), dies at 58

1933 – Knud J V Rasmussen, Danish Pole explorer (Thule), dies at 54

1937 – Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State and Nobel laureate, dies at 80

1940 – F Scott Fitzgerald, author (Zelda), dies of a heart attack at 44

1942 – Leendert Round, sculptor (Giraffen, Blijdorp), dies at 63

 

 

 

1945 – George S PattonUS General (Sicily/Normandy), dies in car crash at 60

 

 

 

 

 

1948 – Seishiro Itagaki, Japanese General/min of War, hanged

1959 – Rosanjin, Japanese calligrapher, restaurateur and ceramicist (b. 1883)

1967 – Louis Washkansky, 18 days after 1st heart transplant, dies at 55

1974 – Richard Long, actor (Nanny & Professor), dies at 47

1974 – James Henry Govier, British artist (b. 1910)

1988 – Bob Steele, [Robert Bradbury], dies after short illness at 60

1988 – Nicholas Tinbergen, Dutch/British biologist, dies at 81

1990 – Clarence “Kelly” Johnson, American aeronautical engineer (Lockheed Skunk Works; b. 1910)

 

 

 

1992 – Albert KingUS blues singer/guitarist (Crosscut Saw), dies at 71

 

Blues Power

I’ll Play The BLues For You

DON’T YOU LIE TO ME with Stevie Ray Vaughan

Match Box Blues with Stevie

 

 

 

 

1992 – Nathan Milstein, Ukrainian/US violist (Beethoven, Bach), dies at 87

1993 – Philip Christison, British general (Rangoon), dies at 100

1995 – Trenchard Cox, museum director, dies at 90

 

 

 

1996 – Margaret E Reyauthor of children’s booksdies at 90

 

 

 

 

1997 – Michael Lyne, air-marshal, dies at 78

1998 – Ernst Gunther Schenck, German doctor who joined the Sturmabteilung in 1933 {b. 1904)

2001 – Dick Schaap, American sports journalist (b. 1934)

2003 – Prince Alfonso of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Spanish playboy and businessman (b. 1924)

2004 – Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist (b. 1925)

2007 – Ken Hendricks, American businessman (b. 1941)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

69 – General Vespasian’s troops occupy Rome after defeating the Emperor Vitellius

1046 – Synod of Sutri: German King Henry III removes Popes Gregory VI

1046 – Benedictus IX & Silvester III & names Bishop Siutger, Pope Clemens II at the Council of Sutri

1192 – Richard the Lionhearted captured in Vienna

1448 – Pope Nicolaas V named Utrechts bishop Rudolf of Diepholt, cardinal

1522 – Suleiman the Magnificent accepts the surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually settle on Malta and become known as the Knights of Malta.

1585 – English fleet & earl Robert Dudley van Leicester reach Vlissingen

1606 – Virginia Company settlers leave London to establish Jamestown, Virginia

1669 – 1st jury trial in Delaware; Marcus Jacobson condemned for insurrection & sentenced to flogging, branding & slavery

1699 – Peter the Great ordered Russian New Year changed-Sept 1 to Jan 1

1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlie’s army meets de Esk

 

 

 

1803 – Louisiana Purchase formally transferred from France to US for $27M

 

 

 

 

 

1820 – Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men between 21 & 50

1860 – SC votes 169-0 for Ordinace of Secession, 1st state to secede

1861 – Battle of Dranesville, VA

1862 – -Dec 20th] Battle of Kelly’s Ford, VA

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Holly SpringMS

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Brig-gen Nathan Bedford Forrest occupies Trenton, Kentucky

1864 – -Dec 27th] Battle of Ft Fisher, NC

1879 – Tom Edison privately demonstrated incandescent light at Menlo Park

1880 – Battle at Bronker’s Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten

1883 – Intl cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls

1891 – Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses

1892 – Phileas Fogg completes around world trip, according to Verne

1892 – Pneumatic automobile tire patented, Syracuse, NY

1893 – 1st state anti-lynching statue approved, in Georgia

1900 – Giacobini discovers a comet (will be 1st comet visited by spacecraft)

 

 

 

1907 – Explosion at Yolande Alabamacoal mine kills 91

 

 

 

 

 

1917 – Russian secret police in Czech forms under Felix Dzerzjinski

1919 – Canadian Natl Railways established (N America’s longest, 50,000 KM)

1920 – Bob Hope became an American citizen

1922 – 14 republics form Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics (USSR)

1928 – 1st international dogsled mail leaves Minot, Maine for Montreal, Que

1928 – Ethel Barrymore Theater opens at 243 W 47th St NYC

1940 – Connie Mack acquires controlling interest in the Athletics for $42,000

1941 – Japanese troops lands on Mindanao

 

 

 

1941 – World War IIFirst battle of the American Volunteer Groupbetter known as the “Flying Tigers” in Kunming, China.

 

 

 

 

 

1942 – 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta

 

 

 

1944 – Battle of BastogneNazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)

 

 

 

 

 

1950 – “Harvey,” starring James Stewart, premieres in NY

1955 – Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales, United Kingdom.

1956 – Montgomery, Ala, removed race-based seat assignments on its buses

1957 – Elvis Presley given draft notice to join US Army for National Service

1959 – Jasu Patel takes 9-69, India v Australia at Kanpur

1960 – Auschwitz-commandant Richard Bar arrested in German FR

1962 – Osmond brothers debut on Andy Williams Show

1963 – Berlin Wall opens for 1st time to West Berliners

1963 – Trial against 21 camp guards of Auschwitz begins

1967 – “Graduate,” starring Dustin Hoffman & Anne Bancroft, premieres

1967 – 474,300 US soldiers in Vietnam

1967 – Ian Anderson & Glenn Cornick form rock group Jethro Tull

 

 

 

1968 – The Zodiac Killer kills Betty Lou Jenson and David Faraday in VallejoCalifornia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Peter, Paul & Mary’s “Leaving on a Jet Plane” reaches #1

1972 – Neil Simons “Sunshine Boys,” premieres in NYC

1975 – Joe Walsh recruited to join Eagles

1977 – 1st Space walk made by G Grechko from Salyut

1980 – USSR formally announces death of Alexei Kosygin

1981 – “Dreamgirls” opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 1522 performances

1981 – Browns set team records for most fumbles (9) & most turnovers (10)

1983 – PLO chairman Yasser Arafat & 4,000 loyalists evacuate Lebanon

1984 – 33 unknown Bach keyboard works found in Yale library

1985 – Denis Potvin passes Bobby Orr as NHL defenseman scorer (916 points)

1985 – Sportscaster Howard Cosell retires from television sports after 20 years with ABC

1985 – Position of American Poet Laureate established (Robert Warren is 1st)

1986 – White teenagers beat blacks in Howard Beach, NY

1987 – Dona Paz ferry sinks after crash with oil tanker Vector, 4386 die

1988 – Animal rights terrorists fire-bomb Harrod’s dept store, London

 

 

 

1989 – US troops invade Panama & oust Manuel Noriegabut don’t catch him

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Pentagon warns Saddam that US air power is ready to attack on 1/15

1991 – A Missouri court sentences the Palestinian militant Zein Isa and his wife Maria to death for the honor killing of their daughter Palestina.

1992 – Slobodan Milosevic re-elected president of Serbia

1995 – NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia.

1999 – Portugal returns Macau to China

2002 – US Senator Trent Lott resigns as majority leader.

2006 – A judge rules against the death penalty in the case of Naveed Haq, a man convicted in the shooting death and injuries at the Jewish Federation in Seattle.

2007 – Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II becomes the oldest ever monarch of the United Kingdom, surpassing Queen Victoria, who lived for 81 years, 7 months and 29 days.

2007 – The painting Portrait of Suzanne Bloch (1904), by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, was stolen from the São Paulo Museum of Art, along with O Lavrador de Café, by the major Brazilian modernist painter Candido Portinari.

 

 

 

Births

1494 – Oronce Finé, French mathematician (d. 1555)

1537 – King John III of Sweden (d. 1592)

1539 – Paul Melissus [Paul Schede], German poet/composer

1626 – Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German statesman (d. 1692)

1717 – Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat (d. 1787)

 

 

 

1720 – Charles Edward Stuart, [Bonnie Prince Charlie/Young Pretender]

 

 

 

 

 

1807 – Richard Lucian Page, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

1808 – Thomas Tinsley Craven, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1887

1825 – Romeyn Beck Ayres, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1888

1833 – Samuel A Mudd, doctor, convicted of giving medical aid to JW Booth

1841 – Ferdinand Buisson, French pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1932)

1865 – Maude Gonne, Irish nationalist (Irish Joan of Arc)

1865 – Elsie De Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (d. 1950)

 

 

 

1868 – Harvey FirestoneColumbia, OhioIndustrialistwhere the rubber meets the road, (d. 1938)

 

 

 

 

 

1869 – Charley Grapewin, Xenia OH, actor (Wizard of Oz, Libeled Lady)

1873 – Kwan-Ichi Asakawa, Japanese historian(d. 1948)

1876 – Walter S Adams, US astronomer/director of Mount Wilson (1923-46)

1881 – Branch Rickey, baseball executive (Dodgers)

1884 – Marius HLW “Max” Blokzijl, Dutch nazi collaborator/traitor

1886 – Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman, California, tennis player (US Open 1909-11)

1901 – Louis I Kahn, US architect [or Feb 20]

1901 – Robert Van de Graaff, Alabama, physicist (Mobility of Gaseous Ions)

1902 – Max Lerner, US, columnist (NY Post)

1902 – Sidney Hook, anticommunist philosopher (Paradoxes of Freedom)

1906 – Dick White, head of British secret service (MI-5/MI-6)

 

 

 

1917 – David BohmAmerican-born physicistphilosopherand neuropsychologist (d. 1992)

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – George Roy Hill, dir (Slap Shot, Little Drummer Girl, Little Romance)

1923 – Nadine Gordimer, Springs South Africa, novelist

1925 – Frederick Edward Nicklin, architect

1933 – Gordon Getty

1933 – Rik Van Looy, Belgian cyclist (world champion, 1961)

1939 – Dianne Arndt, artist/photographer

1940 – Larry Willis, rock keyboardist (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

1942 – Robert L Hayes, Jacksonville Fla, 100m/4x100m runner (Oly-2 gold-1964)

1944 – Robert Colomby, NYC, rock drummer (Blood Sweat & Tears-When I Die)

1945 – Peter Criss, American drummer and singer (Kiss)

1946 – Patti Smith, singer/songwriter

1946 – Uri Geller, Tel Aviv, Israel, psychic (bends forks)

1951 – Peter May, Scottish novelist and scriptwriter

1952 – Jenny Agutter, Taunton England, actress (Logan’s Run, Equus, Amy)

1956 – Blanche Baker, NYC, actress/Carroll Baker’s Daughter (French Postcard)

1957 – Anita Baker, [Ward], Detroit Mi, vocalist (Rapture)

1958 – Billy Bragg, British rocker (It Says Here, Ideology)

1961 – Mohammad Fouad, Arab singer and actor

1966 – Chris Robinson, singer (Black Crowes)

1966 – Matt Neal , British Race Driver

1966 – Myrra Malmberg, Swedish singer

1967 – Duncan Kennedy, Burlington California, luger (Olympics-1994)

1967 – Wendy Hamilton, Detroit Mich, playmate (Dec, 1991)

1968 – Joe Cornish, British comedian

1972 – Jan Caloun, hockey forward (Team Czech Oly-Gold-1998)

1972 – Jonathan Wyatt, Lower Hutt NZ, 5000m (Olympics-96)

1976 – Adam Powell, Neopets creator

1979 – Michael Rogers, Australian cyclist

1982 – David Cook, American singer, winner of American Idol.

1983 – Jonah Hill, American actor

1983 – Lucy Pinder, British model

1983 – Lara Stone, Dutch model

 

 

 

Deaths

217 – Pope Zephyrinus

860 – King Ethelbald of Wessex

910 – Alfonso III the Great, King of Leon, Galicia and Asturias, dies

1022 – Elvira Mendes, wife of Alfonso V of Castile (b. 996)

1073 – Domingo, Spanish monastery founder/abbot/saint, dies

1355 – Stefanus IX Uros IV Dusan, king (1331-46)/Serbia (1346-55), dies

1494 – Matteo Maria Boiardo, Italian poet

1524 – Thomas Linacre, English scholar and physician

1590 – Ambroise Paré, French physician (b. 1510)

1676 – John Galle, Flemish engraver/printer, dies at 76

1722 – Kangxi Emperor of China (b. 1654)

1723 – Augustus Quirinus Rivinus (b. 1652)

1740 – Richard Boyle, 2nd Viscount Shannon, English military officer and statesman (b. 1675)

 

 

 

1812 – SacagaweaShoshone interpreter for Lewis & Clarkdies

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Robert Knox Scottish surgeon, anatomist and zoologist

1875 – Michail P Pogodin, Russian historian/writer (Povesti), dies at 75

1876 – Hannah Omish, at 12 is youngest ever hanged in US

1917 – Lucien Petit-Breton, Argentine-French cyclist (b. 1882)

1921 – Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (b. 1850)

1935 – Martin O’Meara, Australian soldier (b. 1882)

1936 – Baron De Borchgrave, Belgian ambassador, murdered in Madrid

1937 – Erich Ludendorff, German general (WW I), dies at 72

1939 – Hans Langsdorff, German capt (Graaf Spee), commits suicide

1954 – James Hilton, English author (Lost Horizon), dies at 54

1956 – Ramon Carrillo, Argentine neuroscientist and Public Health minister (b. 1906)

1961 – Moss Hart, US dramatist (You can’t take it with you), dies at 57

1968 – John Steinbeck, author (Grapes of Wrath, Nobel 1940, 62), dies at 66

1971 – Roy O Disney, Brother of Walt, dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 78

 

 

 

1973 – Bobby Darinsinger (Mack the Knife), dies of heart failure at 37

 

Mack the Knife

Beyond the Sea

Artificial Flowers

Clementine

 

 

 

 

1976 – Richard J Daley, (Mayor-D-Chicago), dies at 74

1991 – Andries D Copier, Dutch glass designer (Guild glass), dies

1991 – Fop[pe] I Brouwer, biologist (Everything That Lives & Grows), dies

1991 – Simone Beck, French chef (b. 1904)

1993 – W Edwards Deming, US economist (helped Japan after WW II), dies at 93

1994 – Dean Rusk, US Sect of State (1961-69), dies at 85

 

 

 

1996 – Carl Saganscientist (Contact), dies at 62

 

 

 

 

 

1997 – Dawn Steel, film maker (When Harry Met Sally), dies at 51

1997 – Vincent Ciccone, inventor (Blow-Pops candy), dies at 81

1998 – Chester P. Lyons, Canadian naturalist and author (b. 1915)

1999 – Hank Snow, Canadian singer (b. 1914)

 

 

 

2001 – Foster BrooksAmerican actor and comedian (b. 1912)

 

Drunk pilot on Dean Martin Show

12 Drunken Days of Christmas

Roasts Jackie Gleason

 

 

 

 

2009 – Brittany Murphy, American actress (b. 1977)

2009 – Arnold Stang, American comic actor (b. 1918)

2010 – Steve Landesberg, American actor and comedian (b. 1945)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

324 – Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.

401 – St Anastasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1055 – Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad

1154 – King Henry II of England crowned

1551 – Dutch west coast hit by hurricane

1562 – Battle at Dreux: Anne de Montmorency & huguenots under Condé captured

1686 – Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Defoe)

 

 

 

1732 – Benjamin Franklin under the name Richard Saunders begins publication of “Poor Richard’s Almanack

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1776 – Thomas Paine published his 1st “American Crisis” essay, in which he wrote, “These are the times that try men’s souls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1777 – Washington settles his troops at Valley ForgePa for winter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1783 – English government of Pitt Jr forms

1795 – 1st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky

1823 – Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law

1828 – South Carolina declares right of states to nullify federal laws

1843 – Charles Dickens publishes “A Christmas Carol,” in England

1854 – Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams

1861 – Battle of Black Water

1862 – Skirmish at Jackson/Salem Church, Tenn (80 casualties)

 

 

 

1867 – Victims of “Angola Horror” burned to death (Angola NY)(12/18)

 

 

 

 

 

1871 – Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper

1891 – 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore

 

 

 

1907 – 239 workers died in a coal mine explosion in Jacobs CreekPennsylvania

 

 

 

 

 

1913 – Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 for hw boxing title

1918 – Robert Ripley began his “Believe It or Not” column (NY Globe)

1922 – Mrs Theres Vaughn, 24, confessed in court to being married 62 times

1924 – The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.

1928 – 1st autogiro (predecessor of helicopter) flight in US

1932 – British Broadcasting Corp begins transmitting overseas

1939 – Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa

1941 – German submarine U-574 sinks

1941 – Hitler takes complete command of German Army

1941 – US Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WW II

1946 – War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi

1948 – 8th largest snowfall in NYC history (15.3″)

1949 – Luxury passenger ship Aquitania demolished in Garelock Scotland

1950 – Gen Eisenhower named NATO commander

1950 – Tibet’s Dalai Lama flees Chinese invasion

1958 – 1st radio broadcast from space (Pres Eisenhower voice “To all mankind, America’s wish for Peace on Earth & Good Will to Men Everywhere”)

1959 – 1st Liberty Bowl game-Penn State beats Alabama 7-0

1960 – Fire aboard USS Constellation, under construction at Bkln (50 die)

1960 – Frank Sinatra’s 1st session with Reprise Records (Ring-A-Ding-Ding)

1960 – Mercury-Redstone 1A reaches 210 km in test flight

1965 – French president De Gaulle re-elected (Mitterrand gets 45%)

1967 – Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead.

1971 – NASA launches Intelsat 4 F-3 for COMSAT Corp

1971 – Stanley Kubrick’s X-rated “A Clockwork Orange” premieres

 

 

 

1972 – Apollo 17 (last of Apollo Moon landing seriesreturns to Earth

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – “Man With Golden Gun” premieres in US

1974 – Nelson A Rockefeller sworn-in as 41st VP

1975 – John Paul Stevens becomes a Supreme Court Justice

1975 – Ron Wood joined the Rolling Stones

1976 – Piper Cherokee crashes into Balt Memorial Stadium upper stands, 10 minutes after Colts lose 40-14 to Steelers. No one seriously hurt

1980 – Iran requests $24 billion in US guarantees to free hostages

1981 – Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas.

1984 – China PR Premier Zhao Ziyang & Margaret Thatcher sign Hong Kong Treaty

 

 

 

1984 – Fire at Wilberg Mine in central Utah killed 27 people

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – UK signs agreement with China to return Hong Kong to China in 1997

1984 – Wayne Gretzky, 23, is 18th & youngest NHL-er to score 1,000 points

1985 – Mary Lund is 1st woman to receive a Jarvik VII artificial heart

1985 – STS 61-C scrubbed at T -13s because of SRB auxiliary power problem

1986 – USSR frees dissident Andrei Sakharov from internal exile

1986 – Michael Sergio, who parachuted into Shea Stadium during game 6 of the World Series, sentenced to 100 hrs of community service & fined $500

1987 – Gari Kasparov becomes world chess champ

1988 – NASA unviels plans for lunar colony & manned missions to Mars

1989 – American Airlines purchases Eastern Airline’s Latin American route

1989 – Larry Bird (Celtics) begins NBA free throw streak of 71 games

1991 – 6,000th episode of One Life To Live

1994 – Rolls-Royce announces its future cars will feature V12 engine which will be produced by BMW.

1997 – MTV drops video “Smack My Bitch Up” by Prodigy

1998 – Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.

2001 – A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.

 

 

Births

1036 – Su Tung-p’o, China, poet/essayist/painter/calligrapher

1498 – Andreas Osiander, Germany, Protestant Reformation theologist

1554 – Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)

1676 – Louis-Nicholas Clerambault, Paris France, composer/organist

1699 – William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)

1714 – John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)

1753 – John Taylor, Virginia, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy)

1790 – William Parry, England, Arctic explorer

1809 – Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, Belg, paleont (life cycle of tapeworms)

1813 – Thomas Andrews, Belfast Ireland, chemist/physicist (ozone)

1814 – Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, Ohio, US Secretary of War (1861-65)

1817 – James Jay Archer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1864

1819 – James Clifford Veatch, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1831 – Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian philanthropist (d. 1884)

1832 – John Kirk Barry, Scot, Dr/companion to explorer David Livingstone

1837 – John Carpenter Carter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

 

 

 

1849 – Henry Clay FrickPennbuilt world’s largest coke & steel operation

 

 

 

 

 

 

1852 – A[lbert] A Michelson, Strelno Prussia, US physicist (Nobel 1907)

1894 – Yoshida Isoya, Tokyo Japan, architect (modern sukiya style)

1901 – Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, NYC, anthropologist/novelist

1903 – Cyril Dean Darlington, England, biologist (hereditary mechanisms)

1903 – George Davis Snell, Bradford Mass, geneticist (H-2 gene)

1906 – Leonid I Brezhnev, Ukraine, 1st Secretary of USSR (1964-82)

1910 – Jean Genet, Paris France, criminal/novelist/dramatist (The Blacks)

1913 – William C De Vries, surgeon/inventor (artificial heart)

1915 – Edith Piaf, [E Giovanna Gassion], Paris, chanteuse (Little Sparrow), (d. 1963)

1920 – David Susskind, NYC, TV host (Open End, David Susskind Show)

1920 – Ragnild Hveger, Denmark, 400m swimmer (Olympic-silver-1936) [NS]

1924 – Peter Prowtiny, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire

1924 – Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (d. 1994)

1925 – Robert Sherman, New York City, New York, songwriter (Mary Poppins, The Jungle Book), (d. 2012)

1926 – Jeanne Kirkpatrick, US ambassador to UN

1933 – Cicely Tyson, Harlem NYC, actress (Roots, Miss Jane Pittman)

1934 – Al Kaline, Baltimore MD, Hall of Fame outfielder (Detroit Tigers)

1935 – Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (d. 1974)

1940 – Phil Ochs, El Paso Tx, anti-war folk singer (Joe Hill, War is Over)

1943 – William De Vries, Bkln, surgeon-inventor (Symbion artifical heart)

1943 – Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)

 

 

 

1944 – Alvin LeeNottingham Englandrock vocals/guitarist (10 Years After)

 

Help Me Baby

Choo Choo Mama

Woodchopper’s Ball

Keep On Rockin

 

 

 

 

1944 – Richard Leakey, anthropologist

1944 – Tim Reid, Norfolk VA, American actor and comedian (Venus Flytrap-WKRP, Frank’s Place)

1944 – Zal Yanovsky, rock guitarist (Lovin’ Spoonful-Do You Believe in Magic)

1944 – Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist

1945 – John McEuen, rocker (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band)

1946 – Marianne Faithfull, Hampstead England, singer (Money, As Tears Go By)

1946 – Robert Urich, Toronto Ohio, actor (SWAT, Spenser for Hire, Vega$)

1949 – Claudia A Kolb, US, 200m breast stroke swimmer (Olympic-silver-1964)

1951 – Fred W Leslie, Ancon Panama, PhD/astronaut (STS 73)

1957 – Kevin McHale, NBA forward (Boston Celtics)

1957 – Liz Glazowski, Chicago Ill, playmate (April, 1980)

1958 – Limahl, British rocker (Kajagoogoo-Too Shy)

1959 – Kathryn “Furu” Carpenter, Marshall Mich, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1960 – Mike Lookinland, Mt Pleasant Utah, actor (Bobby-Brady Bunch)

1961 – Reggie White, NFL defensive end (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)

1963 – Jennifer Beals, Chicago Ill, actress (Flashdance, Bride)

1963 – Karen Bliss-Livingston, Quakertown PA, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1964 – Beatrice Dalle, Breast France, actress (Betty Blue, Sabbath)

 

 

 

1966 – Alberto “La Bomba” TombaItalian skier (Olympic-gold-1988, 92)

 

 

 

 

 

1966 – Monique Oliver, Malibu Ca, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-4th-1994)

1967 – Criss Angel, Illusionist,Actor, Musician, etc.

1968 – Jennifer Devine, Portland OR, rower (Olympics-96)

1969 – Chris Robinson, Atlanta, rocker (Black Crowes-Shake Your Money Maker)

1969 – Kristy Swanson, actress (Knots Landing, Buffy Vampire Slayer)

1970 – Jon Cleveland, Fresno CA, Canadian 100m/200m swimmer (Oly-br-92, 96)

1970 – Zac Foley, rock bassist (EMF-Unbelievable)

1970 – Tyson Beckford, American model

1971 – Amy Locane, Trenton NJ, actress (Andrea-Spencer, Sandy-Melrose Place)

1971 – Jen[nifer] Dore, Kearny NJ, rower (Olympics-4TH-96)

1971 – Tiffany Towers, Canadian adult film actress

 

 

 

1972 – Alyssa Jane MilanoBrooklyn NYactress (Samantha-Who’s the Boss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Warren Sapp, NFL defensive tackle (Tampa Bay Bucs)

1973 – Zulfiya Zabirova, Russian cyclist

1975 – Casual, [Jon Owens], rapper

1980 – Jake Gyllenhaal, Los Angeles, California, actor (Donnie Darko, Jarhead)

1982 – Tero Pitkamaki, Finnish javelin thrower

1996 – Paige Speakman, England, born 19 days before her twin sister

 

 

 

Deaths

401 – Anastasius I, Bishop of Rome (399-401), dies

1075 – Edith of Wessex, wife of Edward the Confessor of England

1327 – Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy

1370 – Urban V, [Guillaume de Grimoard], 1st Avignon Pope (1362-70), dies

1614 – Melchior Bischoff, composer, dies at 67

 

 

 

1741 – Vitus J BeringDutch navigator/explorerdies

 

 

 

 

 

1813 – James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1744)

1814 – Joseph Bramah, Inventor and Locksmith, notably invented the beer pump

 

 

 

1819 – Sir Thomas FremantleBritish naval officer and politician (b. 1765)

 

 

 

 

 

1848 – Emily Jane Bronte, English novelist, dies at 30

1915 – Alvis Alzheimer, German neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51

1933 – George Jackson Churchward, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1857)

1941 – L M Dovator, Russian general, dies in battle

1944 – Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)

1946 – Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)

1953 – Robert A Millikan, US physicist (Nobel 1923), dies at 85

1959 – Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War, dies at 117

1986 – V. C. Andrews, American author (b. 1923)

1991 – Ernest K Gann, US adventure novelist, dies at 81

1993 – Michael Clarke, drummer (Byrds), dies of liver failure at 49

1994 – Noel Pointer, jazz violinist, dies at 39

1995 – Janet Wilder, stuntwoman, dies at 29

1996 – Marcello Mastroiani, actor (8½, Assassin, Family Diary), dies at 72

1996 – Yuli Borisovich Khariton, scientist, dies at 82

1997 – David Norman Schramm, physicist, dies at 52

1997 – Masaru Ibuka, co-founder (Sony Corp), dies at 89

 

 

 

1998 – Mel FisherAmerican treasure hunter (b. 1922)

 

 

 

 

 

1999 – Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (b. 1914)

2000 – Rob Buck, American guitarist (10,000 Maniacs) (b. 1958)

2000 – Milt Hinton, American jazz double bassist (b. 1910)

2000 – Pops Staples, American singer (The Staple Singers) (b. 1915)

2003 – Hope Lange, American actress (b. 1933)

2004 – Herbert C. Brown, English-born American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)

2005 – Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth; b. 1933)

2005 – Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (b. 1927)

2008 – Kenny Cox, American jazz musician (b. 1940)

2008 – Dock Ellis, American baseball pitcher (b. 1945)

2009 – Hossein-Ali Montazeri, Iranian dissident cleric Grand Ayatollah (b. 1922)

2009 – Kim Peek, American prodigious savant and inspiration for the 1988 film Rain Man (b. 1951)

2010 – Trudy Pitts, American jazz organist, pianist, and vocalist (b. 1932)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

218 BC – Second Punic WarBattle of the Trebia – Hannibal’s Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Roman Republic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1118 – Alfonso van Aragon occupies Saragossa on Almoraviden

1271 – Kublai Khan renames his empire “Yuan” (元 yuán), officially marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of China.

1352 – Etienne Aubert elected as Pope Innocentius VI

1406 – Anton van Bourgondies becomes duke of Brabant

1603 – Admiral Steven van der Haghens fleet departs to East-Indies

1719 – Thomas Fleet publishes “Mother Goose’s Melodies For Children”

1777 – 1st national Thanksgiving Day, commemorating Burgoyne’s surrender

1783 – English king George III fires government of Portland

1787 – New Jersey becomes 3rd state to ratify constitution

1793 – Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.

1796 – 1st US newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor)

1799 – George Washington’s body interred at Mount Vernon

1813 – British take Ft Niagara in War of 1812

1839 – 1st celestial photograph (of Moon) made in US, John Draper, NYC

1849 – William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope

1862 – Battle at Lexington, Tennessee (Forrest’s Second Raid)

1878 – French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanellen, 210 killed

 

 

 

1878 – John Kehoethe last of the Molly Maguires is executed in Pennsylvania.

 

 

 

 

 

1888 – Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Indian ruins of Mesa Verde.

1898 – Automobile speed record set-63 kph (39 mph)

1900 – The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic.

1912 – The Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is supposedly found in the Piltdown Gravel Pit, by Charles Dawson.

1920 – 1st US postage stamps printed without the words United States or US

1936 – 1st giant panda imported into US

1936 – Su-Lin, 1st giant panda to come to US from China, arrives in SF

1939 – Finnish army recaptures Agläjärvi

1941 – German submarine U-434 sinks

1941 – Japanse troops land on Hong Kong

 

 

 

1944 – Destroyers “Hull,” “Spence” & “Monaghan” sink in typhoon (Philippines)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants

1958 – 1st voice from space: recorded Christmas message by Eisenhower

1961 – Britain’s EMI Records originally rejects the Beatles

1961 – For 2nd cons year, AP names Wilma Rudolph female athlete of year

1961 – Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila Warriors scores 78 points vs LA

1963 – Clarke runs world record 10k (28:15.6)

1964 – “The Pink Panther” cartoon series premieres (Pink Phink)

1964 – During services held for Sam Cooke fans caused damage to Funeral Home

1965 – Borman & Lovell Splash down in Atlantic ends 2 week Gemini VII mission

 

 

 

1966 – Dr Seuss‘ “How the Grinch Stole Christmas” airs for 1st time on CBS

 

 

 

 

 

1966 – Saturn’s moon Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker.

1969 – Britain abolishes death penalty

1970 – Polish uprising fails

1971 – People United To Save Humanity (PUSH) forms by Jesse Jackson in Chic

1971 – US dollar devalued 7.9% in Holland ($1=Ÿ3,245)

1972 – US begins its heaviest bombing of North Vietnam

1976 – Soviet dissident Viktor Bukovski exchanged for Chile CP-leader Corvalan

1979 – Stanley Barrett 1st to exceed land sonic speed (739.666 MPH)

1980 – IRA’s Sean McKenna becomes critically ill, ends hunger strike

1985 – UN Security Council unanimously condemns “acts of hostage-taking”

1986 – Mr Gates, serves as acting director of CIA

1987 – Ivan F Boesky sentenced to 3 years for insider trading

 

 

 

1989 – “I Love Lucy” Christmas episodeshown for 1st time in over 30 years

 

 

 

 

 

1991 – General Motors announces closing of 21 plants

1993 – Kevin Scott skates world record 1K (1:12.54)

1996 – The Oakland, California school board passes a resolution officially declaring “Ebonics” a language or dialect.

1997 – HTML 4.0 is published by the World Wide Web Consortium.

1999 – NASA launches into orbit the Terra platform carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.

2002 – 2003 California recall: Then Governor of California Gray Davis announces that the state would face a record budget deficit of $35 billion, roughly double the figure reported during his reelection campaign one month earlier.

 

 

 

Births

1507 – Ōuchi YoshitakaJapanese warlord (d. 1551)

 

 

 

 

 

1562 – Philipp Dulichius, composer

1610 – Charles Du Fresne Du Cange, French scholar/philologist

1620 – Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (d. 1668)

1633 – Willem van de Velde the Young, Dutch seascape painter, baptised

1635 – Antonius Matthaeus, Dutch lawyer/historian

1661 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor (d. 1751)

1707 – Charles Wesley, co-founder (Methodist movement)

1779 – Joseph Grimaldi, England, pantomimist (“greatest clown in history”)

1811 – Alexander Sandor Asboth, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1816 – Alfred Elzey Jones, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1871

1819 – Yakov Petrovich Polonsky, Russian poet (Stichotvorenija)

1825 – Charles Griffin, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1826 – Mercer Brooke John, (Confederate Navy), died in 1906

1835 – George Dashiell Bayard, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1835 – Lyman Abbott, American author (d. 1922)

1844 – Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist

1851 – Graciano Lopez Jaena, Filipino hero, orator and satirist (d. 1896)

1856 – Joseph John Thomson, England, physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906)

1863 – Franz Ferdinand, archduke of Austria (Sarajevo/WW I)

1878 – Joseph Stalin [Josef], Gori, Russian Empire, Premier of the Soviet Union (1941-1953), (d. 1953)

1879 – Paul Klee, Münchenbuchsee Switzerland, Swiss/German abstract painter (Twittering Machine)

1886 – Ty Cobb, American baseball player, Colo, batted .367, stole 892 bases (Det Tigers) (d. 1961)

 

 

 

1888 – Robert Mosespower broker (built Long Island & NYC parks & roads)

 

 

 

 

 

1890 – Edwin Howard Armstrong, NYC, radio pioneer inventor (FM)

1897 – Fernand J Collin, Belgian economist/banker

1907 – Bill Holland, American auto racer (d. 1984)

1912 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr., American General (d. 2002)

 

 

 

1913 – Alfred BesterUSscience fiction author (DecieversStarlight)

 

 

 

 

 

1913 – Willy Brandt, [Herbert Frahm], German chancellor (1969-74, Nobel 1971)

1914 – Jerry Zipkin, socialite

1915 – Dario Mangiarotti, Italy, fencing, gold, 2 silver (Olympic-1948, 52)

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