Today in the Past

 

Events

1174 – William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.

1568 – Dean of St Paul’s Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer

1657 – Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert

1772 – Capt James Cook begins 2nd trip (Resolution) to South Seas

1787 – Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)

1836 – US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels

1837 – Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

1865 – Horace Greeley advises his readers to “Go west young man”

1868 – Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana

1923 – The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads “Hollywoodland ” but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.

1930 – 1st-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Uruguay

1934 – Babe Ruth hits HR #700 (against Detroit)

1936 – 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)

1936 – 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisc (state record)

1939 – Frank Sinatra made his recording debut

1943 – Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia’s defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 were lost by Germany

1945 – 1st atom bomb explodes in New Mexico

1966 – Richard Speck, murders 8 nurses in Chicago

1975 – 8.5″ (21.6 cm) of rainfall, Dover, Delaware (state record)

1977 – NYC experiences 25 hr black-out

1979 – Calif’s Nolan Ryan & Boston’s Steve Renko each lose no-hitters in 9th

1985 – “Live Aid” concert raises over $70 million for African famine relief

1996 – Cigar wins record 16th straight win, (ties Citation in 1940)

2011 – Mumbai is rocked by three bomb blasts during the evening rush hour, killing 26 and injuring 130.

 

Births 

100 BC – Julius Caesar, Rome, Roman military and political leader, (d. 44 BC), (or July 12)

1590 – Clement X, [Emilio Altieri], Italy, Pope (1670-76)

1745 – Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)

1815 – James Alexander Seddon, Secy War (Confederacy), died in 1880

1821 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, Chapel Hill Tennessee, slave trader/Confed lt-gen/KKK Grand Wizard, (d. 1877)

1864 – John Jacob Astor IV, American entrepreneur (d. 1912)

1913 – Dave Garroway, Schnectady NY, TV host (Today Show)

1913 – Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Hellerup Denmark, Danish shipping magnate, (d. 2012)

1921 – Charles Scribner Jr, music publisher (Scribner)

1928 – Bob Crane, Waterbury Ct, actor (Col Hogan-Hogan’s Heroes, Donna Reed)

1940 – Paul Prudhomme, cajun chef (K-Paul)

1942 – Giancarlo Giannini, Spezia Italy,actor (NY Stories, Sensual Man)

1942 – Harrison Ford, Chic Ill, actor (Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Frantic)

1942 – Roger McGuinn, guitarist (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn, Mr Tambourine Man)

1946 – Cheech Marin, [Richard], comedian (Cheech & Chong-Up in Smoke)

 

Deaths

939 – Leo VII, Italian Pope (936-39), dies

1309 – Jan I van Nassau, bishop of Utrecht, dies

1402 – Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)

1755 – Edward Braddock, British general, dies in battle at Pittsburgh

1761 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)

1785 – Stephen Hopkins, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 78

1793 – Jean Paul Marat, French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday

1882 – Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)

1890 – John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)

1946 – Alfred Stieglitz, US photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82

1954 – M C Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter/wife of Diego Rivera, dies at 47

1955 – Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging

1973 – Lon Chaney Jr, actor (Hawkeye, Pistols ‘n’ Petticoats), dies at 67

1988 – Samuel L Mendel, oldest US war veteran, dies at 104

1993 – Davey Allisson, race car drive, dies in a plane crash at 32

1994 – Eddie Boyd, blues vocal/pianist, dies at 79

1994 – Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate, dies at 50

1995 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (b. 1920)

2006 – Red Buttons, American comedian (b. 1919)

2010 – George Steinbrenner, American businessman and owner of the New York Yankees, dies from heart attack at 80