Today in the Past 

 

Events

388 – Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats emperor Magnus Maximis

1148 – Crusaders attack Damascus

1540 – English King Henry VIII marries Catharine Howard, his 5th wife

1586 – Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe

1717 – Prussian king Frederik Willem I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs

1821 – Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)

1858 – 1st use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by

1864 – Battle of Atlanta: GA (Ezra Church) – second sortie US700 CS4642

1900 – Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut

1914 – Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox)

1914 – World War I began when Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia

1915 – US forces invade Haiti, stays until 1924

1930 – 114°F (46°C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)

1932 – Battle between unemployed war veterans & federal troops, 4 die

1934 – 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)

1938 – 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead

1943 – World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.

1951 – Walt Disney’s “Alice In Wonderland” released

1957 – Jerry Lee Lewis makes his 1st TV appearance (Steve Allen Show)

1965 – LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)

1976 – 242,000 die in Tientsin-Tangshan (China) 8.2 earthquake

1977 – 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska

1978 – Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time

1986 – NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, “Uh-oh!” as spacecraft disintegrated

1990 – Alberto Fujimoro installed as president of Peru

1996 – Kennewick Man, the remains of a prehistoric man, is discovered near Kennewick, Washington.

2002 – Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, are rescued after 77 hours underground.

2005 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army call an end to their thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland.

 

Births

1165 – Ibn al-‘Arabi, Muslim mystic/philosopher

1746 – Thomas Heyward, soldier, signed Decl of Ind

1778 – Charles Stewart, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1869

1804 – Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)

1866 – Beatrix Potter, England, children’s author (Tale of Peter Rabbit)

1887 – Marcel Duchamp, French painter (Nude Descending a Staircase)

1901 – Rudy Vallee, Vt, singer (Vagabond Dreams, My Time Is Your Time)

1902 – Karl Raimund Popper, Austrian/British philosopher (Logic of Forschung)

1922 – Jacques Piccard, Switzerland, undersea explorer (bathyscaph Trieste)

1929 – Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, NY, 1st lady (1961-63)

1930 – Junior Kimbrough, American bluesman (d. 1998)

1940 – Phil Proctor, comedian (Firesign Theater)

1943 – Mike Bloomfield, Chicago Ill, blues guitarist/singer (Analine)

1947 – Sally Struthers, Portland Oregon, actress (Gloria-All in the Family)

1954 – Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela

 

Deaths

450 – Theodosius II de Jongere, emperor Austrian Empire, dies

1330 – Michael III, Tsar of Bulgaria, dies in battle

1540 – Thomas Cromwell, King Henry VIII’s chief minister, executed

1655 – Cyrano de Bergerac, French dramatist/novelist, dies at 36 in Paris

1655 – Suzuki Shosan, Samurai/monk/propagator of Zen Buddhism, dies at 76

1741 – Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, Italian composer, dies at 63

1750 – Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (Art of the Fugue), dies at 65

1794 – Maximilien Robespierre, Fr revolutionary/avocat (1781), guillotined

1863 – James Deshler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 30

1872 – Friedrich Kaiser, astronomer (Kaiser-Compass), dies

1939 – William J Mayo, US surgeon/co-founder Mayo Clinic, dies at 78

1971 – Diane Arbus, [Nemerov], photographer (Vogue), commits suicide at 48

1996 – Roger Tory Peterson, ornithologist/artist, dies at 87

2002 – Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)

2007 – Jim LeRoy, Airshow pilot (b. 1961)