Today in the Past

Events 

1141 – -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams

1380 – Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow’s great monarch Dimitri beats Mongols

1449 – Battle of Tumu Fortress – Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor.

1504 – Michelangelo’s David is unveiled in Florence.

1565 – 1st permanent settlement in US forms (St Augustine, Florida)

1664 – Dutch surrender New Amsterdam (NY) to 300 English soldiers

1727 – A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.

1847 – US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey

1863 – Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces

1883 – Northern Pacific RR’s last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont

1914 – World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war.

1923 – Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.

1930 – Richard Drew creates Scotch tape

1943 – Gen Eisenhower announce unconditional surrender of Italy in WW II

1944 – World War II: London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.

1954 – SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia

1957 – Jackie Wilson, releases his 1st solo single “Reet Petite”

1965 – Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana & Florida

1966 – “Star Trek” premieres on NBC-TV

1970 – Hijacking (and subsequent destruction) of three airliners to Jordan by Palestinians; the events to follow would later become known as Black September

1974 – Pres Gerald Ford pardons former Pres R Nixon of all federal crimes

1989 – George Brett gets his 2,500th hit

1999 – United States Attorney General Janet Reno names former Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film Waco: The Rules of Engagement contradicting the official government stories.

Births

1157 – Richard I, [Richard the Lion Hearted], King of England (1189-99)

1271 – Charles Martel d’Anjou, son of Charles II of Naples (d. 1295)

1779 – Mustafa IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08)

1828 – Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1829 – George Crook, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890

1841 – Antonín Dvorák, Nelahozeves Czech, composer (New World Symphony)

1841 – Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of James A. Garfield (d. 1882)

1884 – Théodore Pilette, Belgian racing driver (d. 1921)

1897 – Jimmie RodgersMendoza Misscountry singer/singing brakeman

Waiting for a Train

Blue Yodel No 1

1907 – Leon Askin, Vienna Austria, actor (Pierre-Charlie Farrell Show)

1914 – Hillary Brooke, Abbott & Costello’s neighbor (Hillary)

1915 – Frank Cady, actor (Mr Drucker-Green Acres), (d. 2012)

1922 – Sid CaesarYonkers NYcomedian (Your Show of Shows)

The Clock

The German General

Health Food Restaurant

What is Jazz?

IT’S A MAD, MAD, MAD, MAD WORLD The Hardware Store Scene

1925 – Peter Sellers, England, actor (The Mouse That Roared , Bobo, Pink Panther), (d. 1980) See Death of July 24

1932 – Patsy Cline, Winchester Va, country singer (Crazy)

1939 – Guitar Shorty, American musician

1945 – Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, California, rocker (Grateful Dead, Grass Roots)

1951 – Mark McCumber, golfer

1979 – Pink [Alecia Beth Moore], Doylestown, Pennsylvania, singer (Get the Party Started, Just Like a Pill)

Deaths 

780 – Leo IV de Chazaar, Byzantine Emperor (775-80), dies

1100 – Clement III, [Wibert van Ravenna], 1st anti-pope (1084-1100), dies

1780 – Enoch Poor, American Continental Army general (b. 1736)

1895 – Adam Opel, German manufacturer (motorcars), dies at 58

1935 – Huey P Long, (Sen-La) assassinated at Baton Rouge Capitol building

1949 – Richard Strauss, German composer (Also sprach Zarathustra), dies at 85

1965 – Dorothy Danridge, actress (Island in the Sun), dies at 41 in Hollywood

1970 – Percy Spencer, inventor of the microwave oven, (b. 1894)

1979 – Jean Seberg, actress (Breathless, Airport), commits suicide at 40

1985 – John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)

2003 – Leni Riefenstahl, German film director (b. 1902)

2004 – Frank Thomas, American animator (b. 1913)

2006 – Peter Brock, Australian racecar driver (b. 1945)