Today in the Past

Events

312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.

625 – Honorius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

710 – Saracen invasion of Sardinia.

939 – Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.

1275 – Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.

1492 – Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba & claims it for Spain

1553 – Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva.

1605 – Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk

1627 – English assault on French Il de Ré

1682 – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded.

1702 – English troops plunder St Augustine Florida

1830 – Major-General Baron D Chasse bombs Antwerp (Belgium revolution)

1838 – Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.

1858 – RH Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYCGross receipts $11.06

1864 – Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (Burgess’ Mill, Southside Railroad)

1864 – Battle of Fair Oaks, Va near Richmond

1864 – Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed/sinks

1864 – Siege of Petersburg, VA

1867 – Garibaldi marches on Rome

1871 – Boss Tweed (William M Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hallarrested after NY Times exposed his corruption

1880 – Theodore Roosevelt marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday

1884 – Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC

1893 – Hurricane hits coast between Savannah Ga & Charleston SC

1904 – World’s 1st subway, IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit), opens in NYC, subway/bus fare is set at one nickel (Bkln bridge-145 & Bdwy)

1913 – Pres Wilson says US will never attack another country

1914 – British battleship Audacious sunk by mine

1916 – 1st published reference to “jazz” appears (Variety)

1919 – US Congress sign Volstead Act(Prohibition)

1922 – 1st commemoration of Navy Day
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1925 – Water skis patented by Fred Waller

1938 – DuPont announces its new synthetic fiber will be called “nylon”

1941 – Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan

1942 – 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance

1942 – US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz

1947 – “You Bet Your Life,” with Groucho Marx, premieres on ABC radio

1954 – Pres Eisenhower offers aid to S Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem

1954 – Benjamin O. Davis Jrbecomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.

1959 – Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico

1961 – 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test

1962 – The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian industry’s most relevant figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances.

1964 – Congo rebel leader Christopher Gbenye holds 60 Americans/800 Belgians

1966 – UN deprives South Africa of Namibia

1968 – 19th Olympic games close at Mexico City, Mexico

1969 – Nobel prize for economy awarded to John Tinbergen

1969 – Ralph Nader sets up a consumer organization knowns as Nader’s Raiders

1971 – Republic of Congo-Kinshasa becomes Republic of Zaire

1972 – Golden Gate National Recreation Area created

1973 – Alabama sets offensive record (828 yds), beats Virginia Tech 77-6

1974 – Chantal Langlace runs female world record marathon (2:46:24)

1977 – NASA launches space vehicle S-200

1978 – Begin & Sadat win Nobel Peace prize

1978 – President Carter signs Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill

1979 – Voluntary Euthanasia Society publishes how-to-do-it suicide guide

1980 – Dave Gryllis sets world bicycle speed record of 94.37 kph

1981 – The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.

1982 – China announces its population at 1 billion people plus

1982 – IBM ROM is capable of EGA graphics

1985 – Billy Martin is fired by Yankees for 4th time

1985 – Hurricane Juan ravages US Gulf states & east coast, 49 die

1985 – Thieves steal 9 paintings, including 5 Monet’s & 2 Renoir’s

1986 – NY Mets beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 83rd World Series

1986 – The United Kingdom government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.

1987 – South Korean voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution

1988 – “ET” released to home video (14 million presold)

1988 – Larry Flynt paid hitman $1M to kill Hefner, Guccione & Sinatra

1990 – Horse Racing Breeders’ Cup Champs: Bayakoa, Fly So Free, In The Wings, Meadow Star, Royal Academy, Safely Kept, Unbridled

1992 – Fox is to launch Tuesday night network TV, rescheduled to Decemeber

1992 – Great Britain issues postage stamp on 100th anniversary of Tolkien

1997 – Dow Jones crashes record 554 pts to 7161

1997 – Intel Corp buys Digital Equipment for $700 million

1997 – Microsoft argues it should be “free from government interference”

1997 – US releases a redesigned $50 bill

1999 – Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and 6 other members.

2004 – The Boston Red Sox win the World Series for the first time in 86 years

2005 – Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.

2011 – The Royal Australian Navy announces that they discovered the wreck of a World War II submarine in Simpson Harbour, Papua New Guinea during Operation RENDER SAFE – it is likely to be Japanese.

Births

1156 – Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (d. 1222)

1401 – Catherine of Valois, queen of Henry V of England (d. 1437)

1728 – James CookYorkshireEnglandcaptain/explorerdiscovered Sandwich Islands

1739 – Franz Ignaz Kaa, composer

1744 – Mary Moser, English painter (d. 1819)

1782 – Niccolo Paganini, Genoa It, composer/violin virtuoso (Princess Lucca)

1811 – Issac Merrit Singer, inventor (1st practical home sewing machine)

1828 – Jacob Dolson Cox, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900

1829 – Christopher Columbus Andres, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1858 – Theodore RooseveltNYC, (R26th Pres (1901-09Nobel 1906), (d. 1919)

1872 – Emily Post, authority on social behavior/writer (Etiquette)

1889 – Enid Bagnold, novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit)

1896 – Edith Haisman, Titanic survivor

1908 – Lee KrasnerAmerican painter (d. 1984)

1914 – Dylan Thomas, Swansea Wales, poet (Child’s Christmas in Wales)

1915 – Harry Saltzman, St Johns NB Canada, producer (Goldfinger)

1917 – Oliver Tambo, co-founder (African National Congress)

1920 – Nanette Fabray, San Diego California, actress (Katherine-One Day at a Time)

1920 – K. R. Narayanan, 10th President of India

1921 – Warren Allen Smith, American encyclopedist

1922 – Ralph Kiner, HR hitter (Pittsburgh Pirates)/sportscaster (NY Mets)

1923 – Roy Lichtenstein, NYC, Pop art painter (painted comic book panels)

1923 – Ruby Dee, Cleve Ohio, actress (Raisin in the Sun, Cat People, Roots)

1925 – Warren M Christopher, US, lawyer/minister of Foreign affairs (1993- )

1925 – Albert Medwin, American inventor

1926 – H R Haldeman, former White House Chief of Staff (Watergate figure)

1928 – Stefan Wewerka, German architect/sculptor

1932 – Sylvia Plath, [Victoria Lucas], US, poet (Colossus, 3 Women, Bell Jar)

1934 – David Barclay, British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire

1934 – Frederick Barclay, British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire

1939 – John CleeseWeston-SuperMare Englandcomedian (Monty Python)

Ministry of Silly Walks

Soccer vs Football

The Parrot Sketch

1940 – John Gotti, Bronx NY, mafia head of the Gambino family

1941 – Dick Trickle, American auto racer

1942 – Lee Greenwood, American singer(God Bless the USA)

1945 – Peter Martins, Copenhagen, dancer-choreographer

1946 – Steven R Nail, Canton Ill, USAF/astr (STS 51-G, 61-A, 37, 55)

1946 – Terry J Hart, Pittsburgh Penn, astronaut (STS 41C)

1947 – Terry Anderson, AP correspondent/US hostage held in Lebanon (1985-91)

1948 – Byron Allred, Logan Ut, rocker (Steve Miller Band)

1949 – Clifford Antone, American businessman (d. 2006)

1950 – Fran Lebowitz, author/actress (Resident Alien)

1951 – Jayne Kennedy-OvertonWash DCactress (Penitentiary)

1951 – K K Downing, rock guitarist (Judas Priest-Breakin’ the Law)

1953 – Michael Baker, Memphis Tn, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 43, 52, 68, 81)

1953 – Peter Firth, Bradford England, actor (Equus, Lifeforce, Tess)

1956 – Patty Sheehan, Middlebury VT, LPGA golfer (1994 US Women’s Open)

1958 – Simon Le Bon, rock vocalist (Duran, Duran-Hungry Like the Wolf)

1963 – Marla Maples, [Trump], Dalton Ga, actress (Will Rogers Follies)

1964 – Mary Meagher-Plant, 100m butterfly swimmer (Oly-3 gold/silv/br-84, 88)

1966 – Matt DrudgeAmerican bloggerDrudge Report

1967 – Scott Weiland, American singer (Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet Revolver)

1968 – Antoinette Lucas, Crozier VA, field hockey midfielder (Oly-96)

1971 – Zaddick X Longenbach, Greenwalds Pa, fencer-foil (Olympics-96)

1971 – Jade Arcade, American comics artist and writer

1972 – John Steel, Auckland NZ, 100m/200m swimmer (Olympics-96)

1972 – Maria Mutola, Maputo Mozambique, 800m runner (Olympics-bronze-96)

1981 – Kristi Richards, Canadian freestyle skier

1982 – Dennis Moran, American computer hacker

1984 – Kelly Osbourne, English television personality

Deaths

925 – Rhazes, [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi], Persian, dies

939 – Aethelstan III, king of England, dies

1271 – Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (b. 1213)

1312 – John II, Duke of Brabant (b. 1275)

1331 – Aboe al-Fida, [Aboelfeda], Arabic writer/sultan of Hama, dies

1439 – Albrecht II von Habsburg, king of Bohemia/Hungary/Germany, dies at 42

1439 – Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1397)

1449 – Ulugh Beg, a USSR astronomer, dies at 56

1505 – Ivan III de Great, Russian tsar (1462-1505), dies

1553 – Michael Servetus, Spanish physician, burns at stake for heresy

1561 – Lope de Aguirre, Spanish conquistador (b. 1510)

1605 – Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, Mughal Emperor (born 1542)

1659 – Marmaduke Stevenson, Quaker in Boston, hanged

1675 – Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)

1917 – Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (b. 1897)

1935 – E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (b. 1897)

1942 – Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)

1944 – Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies

1949 – Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (b. 1916)

1962 – Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate, dies at 58

1962 – Rudolph AndersonU-2 pilotshot down over Cuba

1968 – Lise Meitner, Austria/Swedish physics (protactinium), dies at 89

1973 – Allan “Rocky” Lane, western actor (Mister Ed, Red Ryder), dies at 64

1975 – Rex Stout, US detective writer (Nero Wolfe), dies at 88

1977 – James M Cain, US writer (Postman Always Rings Twice), dies at 85

1988 – S B Fuller, founder (Fuller products), dies at 83

1990 – Elliott Roosevelt, son of FDR, dies at 80

1990 – Xavier Cugart, bandlander, dies of heart failure at 90

1990 – Princess Sophie von Hohenberg, daughter of assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1901)

1992 – David BohmAmerican-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)

1994 – Robert White, guitarist, dies at 57

1996 – James Aubrey Turner, scientist, dies at 57

1999 – Robert Mills, American physicist (b. 1927)

2002 – Tom Dowd, American recording engineer (b. 1925)

2006 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (b. 1944)

2010 – Néstor Kirchner, Argentine politician (b. 1950)