Today In The Past

 

 

Events

 

1077 – German King Henry IV is absolved by Holy Roman Emperor Pope Gregory VII after his penitent Walk to Canossa.

1099 – 1st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria

1262 – Flemish/Dutch coast ravaged by north western storm

1393 – Fire during Royal Ball at Paris, 4 die (Ball of the Ardents)

1495 – Pope gives his son Cesare Borgia as hostage to Charles VIII of France

1547 – 9-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as king of England

1561 – By Edict of Orleans persecution of French Huguenots is suspended

1613 – Galileo may have unknowingly viewed undiscovered planet Neptune

1624 – Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.

1754 – Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity

1760 – Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants.

1807 – London’s Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight

1813 – Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.

1814 – Stendahl’s 1st book is published

1820 – Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovered the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.

1821 – Bellingshausen discovers Alexander Island off Antarctica

1846 – Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)

1851 – Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered

1855 – The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.

1860 – Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua

1864 – Battle of New Bern, NC

1871 – Paris surrenders to Prussians

1878 – 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)

1878 – George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator

1878 – Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper

 

 

 

1881 – Battle at Laing’s Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world’s largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.

1899 – American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress

1902 – Carnegie Institute founded in Wash DC

1909 – US milt forces leave Cuba for 2nd time

1911 – Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo

1914 – 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)

1914 – Beverly Hills, Ca, is incorporated

1915 – 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)

1915 – US Coast Guard created from Life Saving & Revenue Cutter services

1915 – US Pres Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates

1916 – 1st Jewish Supreme Court justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson

1917 – Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.

1918 – Strike on Berlin ammunition’s factory

 

 

 

1918 – Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.’s biggest snowfall, causes the city’s greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses.

1923 – 1st “Reichs Party” (NSDAP) forms in Munich

1925 – -46°F (-43°C), Pittsburgh, New Hampshire (state record)

1932 – 1st US state unemployment insurance act enacted (Wisconsin)

1932 – Japan occupies Shanghai

1932 – Japanese forces attack Shanghai.

1934 – 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock Vermont)

1935 – Iceland becomes 1st country to legalize abortion

1941 – French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.

1942 – General Timoshenko’s troops move into Ukraine

1942 – German troops occupy Benghazi Libya

1944 – 683 British bombers attack Berlin

1944 – U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland

1945 – Gen “Vinegar Joe” Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China

1945 – Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands

1950 – Preston Tucker, auto maker, found not guilty of mail fraud

1953 – J Fred Muggs (the chimp) joins NBC’s “Today Show”

1956 – Elvis Presley’s 1st TV appearance (Dorsey Bros Stage Show)

1958 – Construction began on 1st private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor

1958 – Dodger catcher Roy Campanella is paralyzed in an automobile wreck

 

 

 

1958 – The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – 1st photograph bounced off Moon, Washington DC

1960 – Goon Show’s final episode on BBC

1960 – NFL announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises

1962 – Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives

1963 – -34°F (-37°C), Cynthiana, Kentucky (state record)

1965 – The Who make their 1st appearance on British TV

1967 – Rolling Stones release “Let’s Spend the Night Together”

1969 – Barbara Jo Rubin becomes 1st woman jockey to win in North America

1972 – Oral Roberts’ Eddie Woods grabs 30 rebounds for 2nd consecutive game

1978 – “Fantasy Island” starring Ricardo Montalban premieres on ABC TV

1978 – Ted Nugent autographs a fan’s arm with his knife

1979 – “Wiz” closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 1672 performances

1980 – USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.

1981 – William J Casey becomes 13th director of CIA (until 1987)

1981 – Olympic Glory tanker at Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 1 million gallons of oil in a ship collision

1982 – US Gen Dozier freed from Red Brigade of Padua Italy

1984 – Record 295,000 dominoes toppled, Fuerth, West Germany

1985 – Charity single “We Are the World” is recorded by supergroup USA for Africa (Michael Jackson, Lionel Richie and other pop stars)

 

 

 

p1986 – 25th Space ShuttleChallenger, explodes 73 sec after liftoff

 

 

 

 

 

 

1986 – Angolan Unity Leader Jonas Savimbi visits Washington, DC

1988 – Canada’s Supreme court declares anti-abortion law unconstitutional

1989 – 63rd Australian Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Helena Sukova (64 64)

1990 – Superbowl XXIV: SF 49ers beat Denver Broncos, 55-10 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Joe Montana, San Francisco, QB

1991 – Dictator Siad Barre flees Somalia ending 22 year rule

1994 – Helicopter crashes into office building in San Jose California, 1 dead

1994 – Inna Lassovskaja jumps ladies world record (14.78m)

1995 – 69th Australian Women’s Tennis Open: Mary Pierce beats Vicario (63 62)

1995 – 83rd Australian Mens Tennis: Andre Agassi beats Sampras (46 61 76 64)

1998 – Michelangelo, “Christ & the Woman of Samaria,” sold for $7.4 million

2010 – Five murderers of President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman of Bangladesh: Lieutenant Colonel Syed Faruq Rahman, Lieutenant Colonel Sultan Shahriar Rashid Khan, Major AKM Mohiuddin Ahmed, Major Bazlul Huda and Lieutenant Colonel Mohiuddin Ahmed were hanged.

2011 – Hundreds of thousands of protesters fill the Egyptian’s streets against the Mubarak regime in demonstrations referred to as the “Friday of Anger”

2012 – Death toll from coordinated bombing attacks in Kano, Nigeria, reaches 185

 

 

 

Births

 

1225 – Saint Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274)

 

 

 

 

 

1312 – Queen Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)

1457 – Henry VII, Pembroke Castle, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509)

1540 – Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)

1582 – John Barclay, Scottish satirist/poet (Euphormio’s Satyricon)

1608 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Naples, mathematician/astronomer

1611 – Johannes Hevelius, Danzig, astronomer (star cataloger)

1622 – Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)

1701 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)

1702 – Hermanus Noordkerk, Dutch lawyer

1706 – John Baskerville, English printer (typeface inventor)

1712 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)

1714 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Pigeon)

1719 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)

1815 – Andrew Jackson Hamilton, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1875

1818 – George Sewall Boutwell, MC (Union), died in 1905

 

 

 

1825 – George Edward Pickett, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1875

 

 

 

 

 

 

1828 – Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1868

1831 – Henry Brevard Davidson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1833 – Charles George Gordon, London, general (China, Khartoum)

1841 – Henry Stanley, Engld, journalist/explorer (found Livingstone in Africa)

1853 – Jose Martí y Perez, Cuba, poet/essayist/politician

1855 – William Seward Burroughs, NY, inventor (recording adding machine)

1864 – Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer – inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)

1865 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)

1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)

1880 – Mary Boland, Phila, US, comedienne/actress (Ruggles of Red Gap)

1884 – Auguste Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist), twin brother of Jean Felix Piccard

1884 – Jean Felix Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist) twin brother of Auguste Piccard

1884 – Lucien H d’Azambuja, France, astronomer (chromosome of sun)

1886 – Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)

1887 – Artur Rubinstein, Lodz Poland, pianist

1890 – Robert Stroud, American convict, the Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)

1891 – Bill Doak, American baseball player (d. 1954)

1892 – Ernst Lubitsch, Germany, actor, producer and film director (Love Parade)

1899 – Zilner T Randolph, jazz trumpeter/arranger

1900 – Anni Holdmann, Germany, 100m runner (Olympic-1928)

1909 – Lionel KP “Buster” Crabb, British diver (WW II-George Medal)

 

 

 

1910 – John Banner, Vienna Austria, actor (Sgt Hans SchultzHogan’s Heroes)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1912 – Jackson Pollock, Cody Wyoming, expressionist painter (Lavender Mist)

 

 

 

1918 – Vito Scotti, SF California, actor (Flying Nun, Barefoot in the Park)

 

 

 

 

 

1922 – Robert W Holley, US, biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel ’68)

1927 – Ronnie Scott, jazz musician/club-owner

1928 – Martin Sinnatt, Major-General/secretary (Kennel Club)

1929 – Claes Oldenburg, Stockholm Sweden, US pop artist (Alphabet/Good Humor)

1932 – David Thompson, CEO (Gestetner Holdings)

1936 – Alan Alda, [Alphonso D’Abruzzo], NYC, actor (Hawkeye Pierce-M*A*S*H)

1939 – John M Fabian, Goosecreek Tx, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 7, STS 51G)

1940 – Carlos Slim Helú, Mexican businessman

1943 – Dick Taylor, rock vocalist (Pretty Thing-Cry on Me)

1943 – Susan Howard, Marshall Tx, actress (Donna-Dallas, Petrocelli)

1944 – Brian Keenan, NYC, rock drummer (Chamber Bros-Time Has Come Today)

1944 – Martin Fried, rocker (Cyrkle-Red Rubber Ball)

1946 – Rick Allen, Ark, rock bassist (Box Tops-Letter)

1947 – MJ Ainsworth, CEO (Institute of Chartered Secretaries)

1948 – Mamoru Mohri, Yoichi-machi Hokkaido Japan, astronaut (STS 47)

1948 – Charles Taylor, President of Liberia

1950 – Barbi Benton, [Klein], California, Playboy model (Hee Haw, Sugar Time!)

1951 – Leonid Konstantinovich Kadenyuk, Kkishkov Ukraine, astronaut (STS 87)

1954 – Shawn Murray, rock drummer (Mink Deville)

1954 – Rick Warren, American pastor and author

1955 – Nicolas Sarkozy, Paris, President of France (2007-)

1957 – Nick Price, Durban South Africa, PGA golfer (1991 Byron Nelson Classic)

1957 – Frank Skinner English comedian

1959 – Dave Sharp, rock guitarist (Alarm-In the Summertime)

1959 – Randi Rhodes, Nova M Radio personality

1963 – Danny Spitz, heavy metal guitarist (Anthrax-Protest & Survive)

1968 – Sarah McLachlan, folk singer (Fumbling Towards Ecstasy)

1968 – DJ Muggs, American musician (Cypress Hill)

1968 – Rakim, born William Michael Griffin Jr., American rapper

1969 – Giorgio Lamberti, Italian free style swimmer (world record 200m)

1969 – Mo Rocca, American writer and comedian

1970 – Donald Tardy, US, death metal drummer (Obituary, Cause of Death)

1973 – Bronwyn Thompson, Australian rower (Olympics-96)

1973 – Robert Braknis, Montreal Quebec, 100m backstroke/4 x 100 (Olympics-96)

1975 – Anne Montminy, Montreal Quebec, 10m diver (Olympics-17-92, 96)

1975 – Julian Dean, Waihi NZ, team pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96)

1977 – Matt DeVries, American guitarist (Chimaira)

1977 – Takuma Sato, Japanese Formula One driver

1977 – Joey Fatone, American singer (*NSYNC)

1978 – Helga Bauer Salas, Miss Bolivia Universe (1997)

1979 – Ali Boulala, Swedish skateboarder

1980 – Nick Carter, singer (Backstreet Boys)

1981 – Elijah Wood, Cedar Rapids Iowa, actor (Radio Flyer, Good Son)

 

 

 

Deaths

 

814 – Charlemagne, German emperor/Roman Emperor (800-814), dies at 71

 

 

 

 

 

1061 – Duke Spytihněv II of Bohemia (b. 1031)

 

1119 – Gelasius II, [Giovannis Caetani], pope (1118-19), dies

1256 – Willem II, earl of Holland/German emperor (1238, 47-56), dies at 22

1271 – Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III of France (b. 1247)

1393 – Earl of Joigny, burned at royal ball in Paris

1443 – Robert le Maçon, Chancellor of France

1547 – Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47), dies at 55

 

 

 

1595 – Francis Drake, English pirate, Admiral and Governor of Newfoundland (Porto Bello West Indies), dies at 50

 

 

 

 

 

1612 – Thomas Bodley, diplomat/founder (Bodleian Library), dies

1687 – Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (star cataloger), dies on 76th birthday

1697 – John Fenwick, English conspirator

1782 – Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d’Anville, French geographer, dies at 84

1810 – Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead

1829 – William Burke, murderer/body snatcher, executed in Edinburgh

1832 – Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)

1864 – Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)

1895 – Francois Certain de Canrobert, French marshal, dies at 85

1912 – Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)

1915 – Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (b. 1846)

1937 – Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (b. 1862)

1938 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver, dies at 28

1939 – William Butler Yeats, Irish poet (Nobel), dies in France at 73

1950 – Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (b. 1883)

1953 – Derek Bentley (b. 1933) (executed)

1960 – Zora Neale Hurston, American author (b. 1891)

1963 – Jean Felix Piccard, swiss explorer, dies on his 79th birthday

1963 – Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (b. 1884)

1965 – Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)

1973 – John Banner, actor (Schultz-Hogan’s Heroes), dies on 62nd birthday

 

 

1986 – Christa McAuliffe, Concord NH ,teacher, dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

1986 – Ellison S Onizuka, Hawaii, Mjr USAF/astr, dies in Challenger disaster

 

1986 – Francis R Scobee, Wash, USAF/astronaut, dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

 

1986 – Judith Arlene Resnik, Akron Oh, astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 – Michael J Smith, Beaufort NC, Cmdr USN, astr, dies in Challenger

 

 

 

1986 – Ronald E McNair, Lake City SC, astr, dies in Challenger disaster

1986 – Greg Jarvis ,Detroit MI, astr,  dies in Challenger disaster

 

 

 

 

1988 – Klaus Fuchs, German physicist (b. 1911)

1992 – Nahman Avigad, Isr archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), dies at 86

1994 – Hal Smith, actor (Otis Campbell-Andy Griffith Show), dies at 77

1994 – William Levitt, builder (Levittown), dies of kidney failure at 86

1996 – Burne Hogarth, strip-cartoon artist, dies at 84

1996 – Dan Duva, boxing promoter, dies at 44

1996 – Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman), dies at 81

1996 – John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur, dies at 81

2002 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author (b. 1907)

2004 – Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy officer (b. 1927)

2005 – Jim Capaldi, English singer and songwriter (b. 1944)

2007 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss professional road racing cyclist (b. 1929)

2007 – Emma Tillman, the world’s oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)