Today In The Past

 

 

Events

 

1425 BC – Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).

417 – Zosimus becomes bishop of Rome

537 – Goths lay siege to Rome

843 – Icon worship officially re-instated in Aya Sofia Constantinople

928 – Trpimir II succeeds to the Croatian throne.

 

 

 

1387 – The Battle of Castagnaro begins.

 

 

 

 

 

1513 – Giovanni de’ Medici chosen Pope Leo X

1563 – League of High Nobles routes 2nd protest against King Philip II

1665 – NY approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights

1669 – Volcano Etna in Italy erupts killing 15,000

1779 – US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)

1789 – Benjamin Banneker with L’Enfant begin to lay out Washington DC

1791 – Samuel Mulliken, Phila, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent

1795 – Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols

1823 – 1st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vt

1824 – US War Dept creates the Bureau of Indian Affair

1845 – The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

1862 – Lincoln removes McClellen as general-in-chief & makes him head of Army of the Potomac

1862 – 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia . Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief

1864 – Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee

1864 – The Great Sheffield Flood: The largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.

1865 – Gen Sherman’s Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC

1867 – Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano)

1872 – Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.

1882 – Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton NJ

1888 – Great blizzard of ’88 strikes NE US

1892 – 1st public basketball game (Springfield, Mass)

 

 

 

1895 – Spanish cruiser Reina Regenta sinks at Gibraltar, 400 killed

 

 

 

 

 

1897 – A meteorite enters the earth’s atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.

1917 – British troops occupy Baghdad

1917 – World War I: Baghdad falls to the Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Stanley Maude.

1918 – Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia

1918 – Save the Redwoods League founded

 

 

 

1927 – 1st armored car hold-up in US, Pittsburgh

 

 

 

 

 

1927 – 1st golden gloves tournament

1930 – Pres & Chief Justice William Taft buried in Arlington

1935 – Bank of Canada opens

1935 – Hermann Goering officially creates German Air Force, the Luftwaffe

1936 – British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin pardons five convicted Irish militants who promise to join growing conflict with Germany.

1941 – Bronko Nagurski beats Ray Steele in Minn, to become wrestling champ

1941 – FDR signs Lend-Lease Bill (lend money to Britain)

1942 – 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschewitz Concentration Camp

1942 – Gen MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

1945 – 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs

1945 – Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death

1948 – 1st black in the US Tennis Open (Reginald Weir)

 

 

 

1953 – American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb on South Carolina, the bomb doesn’t go off due to 6 safety catches

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus

1966 – Military coup led by Indonesian Gen Suharto breaks out

1966 – A fire at two ski resorts in Numata, Japan kills 31 people.

1967 – Pink Floyd releases their 1st single (Arnold Layne)

1968 – Otis Redding posthumously receives gold record for ” Dock of the Bay”

1970 – Iraq Ba’th Party recognizes Kurd nation

1974 – Mount Etna in Sicily erupted

1974 – Rhino Store gives people 5 cents to take home Danny Bonaduce’s Album

1977 – Moslems hold 130 hostages in Wash DC

1978 – Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, 45 killed

1982 – Menachem Begin & Anwar Sadat sign peace treaty in Wash DC

1983 – Ice Dance Championship at Helsinki Finland won by Torvill & Dean (GRB)

1983 – Ice Pairs Championship at Helsinki won by Valova & Vasiliev (URS)

1983 – Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Helsinki won by Rosalynn Sumners (USA)

1983 – Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

1986 – 1 million days since traditional foundation of Rome, 4/21/753 BC

1986 – 187.27 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

1986 – Islander Mike Bossy, 1st NHLer to score 50 goals in 9 straight seasons

1986 – Japanese probe Sakigake flies by Halley’s Comet at 6.8 million km

1986 – NFL adopts instant replay rule

1987 – Wayne Gretzky scores 1,500th NHL point

1991 – Janet Jackson signs $40M 3 album deal with Virgin records

1991 – Monica Seles ends Steffi Graf’s streak of 186 weeks ranked as #1

1993 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Prague won by Kurt Browning CAN

1995 – -36.8°F (-38.2°C) in Chosedachar, Komi-district, on 67°N

1995 – Sinn Fein party leader, Gerry Adams, arrives in US

1996 – John Winston Howard becomes the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. His term in office is the second longest in Australian history, ending on December 3, 2007.

1997 – Ashes of Star Trek creator, Gene Roddenberry are launched into space

2004 – Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid’s rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190

2009 – Winnenden school shooting – 17 people are killed at a school in Germany.

2011 – An earthquake measuring 9.0 in magnitude strikes 130 km (80 miles) east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami killing thousands of people. This event also triggered the second largest nuclear accident in history, and one of only two events to be classified as a Level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale.

2012 – US soldier kills 16 civilians in Afghanistan

 

 

 

Births

 

1544 – Torquato Tasso, Italy, Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia)

1549 – Henric/Hendrik Spieghel, Dutch Renaissance writer and poet (Hertspiegel)

1596 – Isaac Elsevier, book publisher

 

 

 

1731 – Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

 

1738 – Benjamin Tupper, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (d. 1792)

1785 – John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1861)

1787 – Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (d. 1852)

1811 – Marsena Rudolph Patrick, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1811 – Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier, co-discoverer (Neptune)

1812 – James Speed, Atty Gen (Union), died in 1887

1818 – John Wilkins Whitfield, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879

1822 – Allison Nelson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1832 – William Ruffin Cox, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919

1840 – Edmund Kirby Jr, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

1860 – Thomas Hastings, NYC, architect (NY Public Library)

1879 – Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph tests)

1880 – Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)

1885 – Malcolm Campbell, 1st auto racer to travel 5 miles/min (8 km/min)

1887 – Raoul Walsh, American film director (Thief of Baghdad, Battle Cry), (d. 1980)

1890 – Vannevar Bush, developed 1st electronic analogue computer

1892 – Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II)

 

 

 

1903 – Lawrence Welk, Strasburg ND, orchestra leader (Lawrence Welk Show)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1904 – Cornelis Jan Bakker, Dutch/US nuclear physicist

1907 – Helmuth J von Moltke, German politician (July 20th plot)

1911 – Fitzroy Maclean, British diplomat soldier politician/historian

1913 – Thomas Gray, professor/anaesthetist

1915 – J. C. R. Licklider, American computer scientist and Internet pioneer (d. 1990)

1916 – [James] Harold Wilson, (L) British PM (1964-70, 1974-76)

1919 – Mercer Ellington, son of Duke Ellington/bandleader

1920 – Henry Marking, CEO (British Airways)

1921 – F[rancis] M[arion] Busby Jr, US, sci-fi author (Star Rebel)

1921 – Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)

1923 – A Louise Brough Clapp, Oklahoma, tennis player (4 time Wimbledon champ)

1926 – Patricia Tindaole, England, architect

1926 – Ralph Abernathy, civil rights leader (Southern Christian Leadership)

1928 – Albert Salmi, Bkln NY, actor (Daniel Boone, 79 Park Avenue)

1928 – Peter Roger Hunt, London England, director (Dr No)

1929 – Erskine Childers, unofficial/civil servant

1929 – Francisco Bernardo Pulgar Vidal, composer

1929 – Jackie McGlew, cricketer (dour South African opening bat of the 50′)

1929 – Timothy Carey, American actor (d. 1994)

1930 – David Gentleman, designer/painter

1931 – Peter Walters, CEO (Midland Bank)

1931 – Rupert Murdoch, Australia, publisher (NY Post)/CEO (FOX-TV)

1934 – Sam Donaldson, El Paso Tx, ABC White House correspondent (Prime Time)

1945 – Harvey Mandel, rock guitarist (Drei Amerikanische LP’s)

1945 – Dock Ellis, American baseball player

1947 – Dominique Sanda, [Varaigne], Paris France, actress (1900, First Love)

1947 – Mark Stein, singer/organist/keyboardist (Vanilla Fudge)

1948 – George Kooymans, Dutch guitarist/singer (Golden Earring)

1950 – Bobby McFerrin, singer (Don’t Worry Be Happy-Grammy 1989)

 

 

 

1950 – Jerry Zucker, Milwaukee WI, director (Airplane, Naked Gun)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1952 – Douglas Adams, England, author (Hitchiker’s Guide to the Galaxy)

1952 – Susan Richardson, Coatesville Pa, actress (Susan-8 is Enough)

1955 – Nina Hagen, East Berlin German DR, actress (Blue Angel)

1956 – Curtis L Brown Jr, NC, astronaut (STS 47, STS 66, 77, 85, sk:95)

1957 – Elena Donaldson-Akhmilovskaya, Leningrad, Soviet Union, Chess Grandmaster, (d. 2012)

1961 – Elias Koteas, Canadian actor

1965 – Jesse Jackson, Jr., American politician

1969 – Soraya, Colombian-American singer (d. 2006)

1971 – Johnny Knoxville, American television personality

1975 – Eric the Midget, American radio personality

1979 – Benji Madden, American guitarist (Good Charlotte)

1979 – Joel Madden, American singer (Good Charlotte)

1981 – Heidi Cortez, American erotic broadcaster

1982 – Thora Birch, Los Angeles, California, American actress (American Beauty, Ghost World)

 

 

Death

 

222 – Julia Soaemias, mother of Elagabalus (b. 180). Ruler during her son’s minority, murdered by the Praetorian Guard

222 – Elagabalus, Roman Emperor (218-22) murdered by the Praetorian Guard aged 18

638 – Sophronius of Jerusalem, saint/patriarch of Jerusalem, dies

859 – Eulogius of Cordoba, Spanish Bishop and Christian Martyr

1198 – Marie de Champagne, daughter of Louis VII of France (b. 1145)

1486 – Albrecht III Achilles, elector of Brandenburg, dies at 71

1514 – Donato Bramante, Italian architect (b. 1444)

1602 – Emilio de’ Cavalieri, Italian composer

1722 – John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)

1759 – John Forbes, British general (b. 1710)

 

 

 

1820 – Benjamin West, British painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81

 

 

 

The Death Of General Wolfe

 

 

 

1863 – Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)

1897 – Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist/evangelist, dies at 45

1898 – William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)

1920 – Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)

1921 – Sherburne W Burnham, US astronomer (binary stars), dies at 83

1937 – Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (b. 1860)

1955 – Alexander Fleming, English bacteriologist (penicillin), dies at 73

1955 – Oscar Mayer, Bavarian-born American meat packer (b. 1859)

1957 – Richard E Byrd, US, explorer (Antarctica), dies at 68

1958 – Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor of Legos (b. 1891)

1970 – Erle Stanley Gardner, US writer (Perry Mason), dies at 80

1971 – Philo T Farnsworth, US TV pioneer, dies at 64

1972 – Fredric [William] Brown, sci-fi author (Martians Go Home), dies at 65
son, composer, dies at 59

1975 – Sammy Spear, orchestra leader (Dom Deluise Show), dies at 65

1977 – Alberto Rodriguez Larreta, Argentine racing driver (b. 1934)

1977 – Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist (b. 1893)

1982 – Edmund Cooper, British sci-fi writer (Tomorrow Came), dies at 55

 

 

 

1986 – Sonny Terry, American blues musician (b. 1911)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1987 – [Wayne] Woody Hayes, football coach (Ohio State), dies at 74

1989 – James Kee, American politician (b. 1917)

1989 – John J. McCloy, United States Secretary of War (b. 1895)

1992 – Richard Brooks, director (Blackboard Jungle, Key Largo), dies at 79

1993 – Dino Bravo, wrestler (WWF), shot to death at 44

1996 – Vince Edwards, actor (Ben Casey), dies of cancer at 67

2002 – James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)

2006 – Slobodan Milošević, President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia (b. 1941)

2007 – Betty Hutton, American actress and singer (b. 1921)

2010 – Merlin Olsen, American football player / Actor (b. 1940)