Today In The Past

 

Events

 

69 – Bataafs nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed emperor of Syria
70 – Titus sets up batterig rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem
251 – The Battle of Abrittus is won by the Goths against the Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed.
649 – Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I
1097 – 1st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea
1200 – In China, sunglasses are invented
1233 – Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
1252 – King Alfonso X “el Sabio” of Castile/Leon crowned
1253 – Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre
1347 – Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha to daughter of Jan III
1390 – French & Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
1517 – 1st burning of Protestants at stake in Netherlands
1517 – Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes cardinal
1535 – Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
1543 – England & Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
1569 – Latvia Parliament accept Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
1600 – Prince Maurits’ army occupies Newport Flanders Neth
1656 – 1st Quakers (Mary Fisher/Ann Austin) arrives in Boston (arrested)
1674 – Spain, France & Netherlands form Triple Alliance
1689 – Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
1690 – Battle of Colors: French beats Spanish/Dutch army
1690 – Army of England’s Protestant King William III defeats Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland
1745 – Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlies frigate Doutelle [OS]
1747 – Battle at Lafeld: France beat English/Dutch army
1776 – 1st vote on Declaration of Independence
1782 – American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
1795 – John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of Supreme Court
1798 – Napoleon’s fleet reaches Alexandria Egypt
1810 – Louis Napoleon resigns as king of the Netherlands
1816 – Fr frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault’s “Raft of the Medusa”
1820 – 1st edition of newspaper “Courrier de la Meuse” published”
1823 – 9th Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
1823 – United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
1831 – Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
1839 – Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
1847 – 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin & 10 cent Washington, NYC
1850 – At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
1858 – 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)
1858 – The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace’s papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.
1859 – 1st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32
1859 – Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis
1861 – 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington & Mason St, SF
1861 – War Dept decrees the KA & TN are to be canvassed for volunteers
1862 – Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confed superior power driven out
1862 – Congress outlaws polygamy (1st time); bad news for Utah
1862 – US Civil War: Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter’s Farm) Union forces repel Confederate attack
1862 – Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
1862 – Battle of Holly Spring, MS
1862 – Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco & on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
1862 – The Russian State Library is founded.
1863 – -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump’s Crossroads Virginia
1863 – Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee’s northward advance halted
1863 – Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
1863 – Slavery abolished in Suriname & Netherlands Antilles
1864 – Battle of Petersburg, VA [->JUL 31] -front US3695 CS—
1867 – Dominion of Canada forms (New Bruns, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec)
1869 – Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
1869 – US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
1870 – James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point
1871 – The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
1873 – Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy
1873 – Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
1874 – 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
1874 – 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
1874 – 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
1875 – Universal Postal Union established
1877 – 1st edition of “Amsterdammer” published
1878 – Treaty of Berlin divide Africa up for colonization
1878 – Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
1879 – Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
1879 – Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
1881 – 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB
1881 – US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
1881 – General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army’s organisation, comes into effect.
1883 – ANWB forms in Utrecht
1885 – The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
1889 – Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti
1889 – US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
1890 – Great-Britain & Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
1890 – Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
1893 – SF Bay City Club opens 1st US bicycle race track, made of wood
1896 – Harbor of Ymuiden opens
1896 – Wilfrid Laurel sworn in as 1st French speaking premier
1897 – Bronx acquires Hutton Square
1898 – Teddy Roosevelt & his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill
1899 – Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
1899 – SF City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
1902 – Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex
1902 – Start of Sherlock Holmes “Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax” (BG)
1903 – 1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
1904 – 3rd modern Olympic games opens in St Louis
1907 – World’s 1st air force established (US Army)
1910 – Chicago’s Comiskey Park opens – St Louis Browns beat White Sox 2-0
1910 – Union of South Africa becomes a dominion
1910 – White Sox Park (Comiskey Park) opens with 2-0 loss to Browns
1911 – German boat Panther nears for Agadir Morocco
1911 – Proclamation removes “Dei Gratia” from Canada’s coins
1913 – Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
1915 – Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
1915 – Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
1916 – Battle on the Somme: British 4th Army walks to German lines
1916 – British court martial (Easter uprising)
1916 – Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
1916 – Honus Wagner, 42, is oldest to hit an inside-the-park HR
1917 – 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
1917 – Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
1917 – Reds Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
1917 – Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday game in Brooklyn
1919 – 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
1919 – Scheveningen soccer team forms in Scheveningen
1920 – Wash Senator Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox, 1-0
1921 – The Communist Party of China is founded.
1923 – 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
1924 – Light Brigade forms
1924 – Through regular transcontinental airmail service forms, NYC-SF
1925 – NY Giant Hack Wilson hits 2 HRs in 3rd inning beating Phillies, 16-7
1925 – SDAP wins 4 chairs in Second-Parliamentary election
1925 – Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs created in UK
1926 – Canada restores gold standard
1929 – US Immigration law of 1924 in effect
1929 – US cartoonist Elzie Segar creates “Popeye”
1930 – Great-Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
1931 – Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
1931 – Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
1931 – Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs Chicago Cubs
1931 – Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
1932 – 45th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (63 61)
1932 – NY Gov FDR nominated for president at Dem Convention in Chicago
1932 – NY newspaper Evening Standard goes bankrupt
1933 – German nazi regime declares that married women shouldn’t work
1933 – Strauss & von Hofmannsthal’s opera “Arabella,” premieres in Dresden
1933 – The Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
1934 – 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY
1935 – General Neth Persbureau (ANP) forms in Amsterdam
1936 – AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
1936 – Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
1937 – Britain begins using an emergency phone number (999)
1937 – Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
1937 – Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists
1938 – 58th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats Henry Austin (61 60 63)
1940 – Australia refuses entry to Dutch Jewish refugees
1941 – 1st coml TV licenses granted-W2XBS-WNBT (NBC) & WCBW (CBS), NYC
1941 – Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial
1941 – Joe Dimaggio on way to 56, ties Willie Keeler’s 44 game hit streak
1941 – WCBW (now WCBS) TV channel 2 in NY, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
1941 – WNBT TV (W2XBS, Now WNBC) channel 4 in NYC (NBC) begins broadcasting
1942 – German troops conquer Sebastopol
1943 – “Pay-as-you-go” – 1st withholding tax from paychecks
1944 – 2500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs
1944 – Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing IMF & World Bank
1944 – Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel
1944 – General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy
1944 – US headquarter moves to Colombières Normandy
1944 – Von Rundstedt against Keitel: “Signs peace, idiots!”
1945 – 1st of the superstars returns from the WW II, Hank Greenberg homers
1945 – 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
1945 – Allies troop land on Balikpapan
1946 – Rajah cedes Sarawak to British crown
1946 – US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion)
1947 – 192m long passenger ship Willem Ruys (Achille Lauro) launched
1947 – Brit Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office
1948 – Bradman scores 128 Australia v Surrey, 141 mins, 15 fours
1948 – Brooklyn’s Roy Campanella debuts as catcher
1948 – NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
1949 – 63rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ted Schroeder beat Drobny (36 60 63 46 64)
1949 – Bao Dai’s Republic of Vietnam gains independence from France
1949 – WBRC TV channel 6 in Birmingham, AL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 – WCCO TV channel 4 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 – “Lost in the Stars” closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 281 perfs
1950 – 1st 407 US soldiers flown to South Korea
1950 – NYC bus fare rises to 10 cents equal to subway fare, combo fare at 15 cents
1950 – WHBF TV channel 4 in Rock Island, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 – Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
1951 – Cleve Indian Bob Feller, 3rd no-hitter beats Det Tigers, 2-1
1953 – KLAS TV channel 8 in Las Vegas, NV (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 – KTVH (now KWCH) TV channel 12 in Hutchinson-Wichita, KS (CBS) begins
1954 – Cards’ Joe Cunningham hits 2 HRs for record 3 HRs in his 1st 2 days
1954 – Test Cricket debut of Khalid Hassan, 16 yrs 352, then world record
1954 – WDBO (now WCPX) TV channel 6 in Orlando, FL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 – 69th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Kurt Nielsen (63 75 61)
1955 – KOTA TV channel 3 in Rapid City, SD (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 – Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1956 – Elvis Presley wearing a tuxedo appears on Steve Allen Show
1956 – Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
1957 – International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
1957 – WRLP TV channel 32 in Greenfield/Keene/Brat, MA (IND) 1st broadcast
1958 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.
1959 – Heinrich Lubke elected pres of West-Germany
1959 – Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West-Germany
1959 – WVTV TV channel 18 in Milwaukee, WI (IND) begins broadcasting
1959 – World Refugee Year begins
1959 – The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
1960 – Benjamin Britten’s cantate “Carmen Baseliense,” premieres in Basel
1960 – British Somaliland becomes Somalia
1960 – Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba
1960 – Ghana becomes a republic
1960 – Italian Somaliland gains independence, unites with Somali Republic
1960 – No passports needed inside Benelux
1960 – USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
1961 – 16th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright

1961 – Haleakala National Park forms in Hawaii

1961 – KNDU TV channel 25 in Richland-Pasco-Kennew, WA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1962 – Algeria votes for independence
1962 – Burundi & Rwanda gain independence from Belgium (National Days)
1963 – Beatles record “She Loves You” & “I’ll Get You”
1963 – Pres Kennedy arrives in Rome
1963 – US postal service institutes (Zone Improvement Plan) zip code
1963 – ZIP Codes are introduced for United States mail.
1965 – FC Twente ’65 Enschede soccer team forms in Enschede
1965 – KUID TV channel 12 in Moscow, ID (PBS) begins broadcasting
1965 – Kinderstraf trial starts
1966 – 80th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: M Santana beats D Ralston (64 11-9 64)
1966 – Construction crews begin tearing up Market St to build BART
1966 – Explorer 33 launched
1966 – Medicare goes into effect
1966 – VVV soccer team forms in Venlo
1966 – The first color television transmission in Canada takes place from Toronto.
1967 – “Funny Girl” closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 1348 perfs
1967 – 1st British color TV broadcast, on BBC 2
1967 – BBC starts their World Radio Club
1967 – Beatles’ “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band,” goes #1 for 15 weeks
1967 – Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867.
1968 – Bob Gibson’s streak of 47 2/3 inn scoreless streak ends on wild pitch
1968 – Fortuna Sittard soccer team forms in Sittard
1968 – John Lennon’s 1st full art exhibition (You are Here)
1968 – US, Britain, USSR & 58 nations sign Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
1968 – USSR performs underground nuclear test
1968 – The CIA’s Phoenix Program is officially established.
1968 – Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO.
1969 – Charles Philip Arthur George invested as Prince of Wales
1969 – John & Yoko are hospitalized after a car crash
1969 – Shelby Singleton buys Sun Records from Sam Phillips
1970 – Denny McLain returns, (leaves trailiing) Tigers beat Yankees in 11
1970 – FC Utrecht soccer team forms in Utrecht
1970 – Jimi Hendrix 1st recording session (NYC)
1971 – British & Argentina sign accord about Falkland Islands
1971 – Debt raised to build San Franisco’s Golden Gate Bridge paid off
1971 – State of Washington becomes 1st state to ban sex discrimination
1972 – “Follies” closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 524 performances
1972 – “Hair” closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 1750 performances
1972 – Ms. magazine begins publishing
1972 – The first Gay Pride march in England takes place.
1973 – “Jesus Christ Superstar” closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 711 perfs
1973 – 1st US-China basketball game, US collegiates beats Shanghai 96-61
1973 – Mary Mills wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf Classic
1974 – 1st Laura Ashley-store in US opens (SF)
1974 – General Pinochet becomes president of Chile
1974 – Isabel Peron succeeds husband Juan as pres of Argentina
1974 – Monmouthshire renamed Gwent & becomes part of Wales
1975 – Muhammad Ali beats Joe Bugner in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1975 – WEDway People Mover inaugurated
1976 – Kenneth Gibson, is 1st black president of US Conference of Mayors
1976 – Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.
1977 – 84th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Virginia Wade beats B Stove (46 63 61)
1977 – FC Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam Neth
1977 – Marlies Gohr runs Europen record 100m (10.88 sec)
1978 – “Act” closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 233 performances
1978 – Former Pres Nixon makes 1st public speech since resigning in 1974
1978 – Northern Territory of Australia becomes self-governing
1979 – Stampede Pass, Washington is covered with 6″ of snow
1979 – Vicki Fergon wins LPGA Lady Stroh’s Golf Open
1979 – Sony introduces the Walkman.
1980 – Steve Overt runs world record 3:48.8 mile in Oslo
1980 – O Canada officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.
1981 – Laurel Canyon California murders (4 die, 1 wounded)
1981 – NEC soccer team forms in Nijmegen
1981 – Nell Dunn’s “Steaming,” premieres in London
1981 – Prince Willem Alexander opens Willems Bridge in Rotterdam
1981 – Radio Shack 3rd release of Model III TRSDOS 1.3
1982 – 2,100 Unification church couples wed in NYC
1982 – ABC national music radio network scheduled premiere (never happened)
1982 – Challenger moves overland to Dryden
1982 – General Reynaldo Bignone sworn in as president of Argentina
1982 – Kosmos 1383, 1st search & rescue satellite, launched
1982 – PEC Swells ’82 soccer team forms in Swells
1983 – Arbitrator Raymond Goetz rules 43 players who are on Disabled List during 1981 players’ strike not entitled to salaries for that period
1984 – “Baby” closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 241 performances
1984 – Amy Alcott wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1984 – Royals pitcher Paul Splittorff, retires
1984 – The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.
1987 – Bork nominated to Supreme Court, rejected in Oct by senate
1987 – NYC radio station WFAN-AM becomes 1st 24 hour all sports radio
1987 – WHN-AM in NY City changes call letters to WFAN (now WEVD) replacing WHN’s country music, WYNY-FM adopts country music format
1989 – NFL owners vote unanimously to form WLAF
1989 – Yanks beat Milwaukee Brewers 4-1, score is changed to 5-1 after game is over. Umpire rules Roberto Kelly scored before a double-play
1990 – 11th US Seniors Golf Open: Lee Trevino
1990 – 18th du Maurier Golf Classic: Cathy Johnston
1990 – 1st Zen winter session in Sydney Zen Center’s Gorrick’s Run Zendo
1990 – Despite Andy Hawkins no-hitting White Sox, Yankees lose 4-0
1990 – Dordrecht ’90 soccer team forms in Dordrecht
1990 – FC Swells soccer team forms in Swells
1990 – German Democratic Republic accepts Deutsche Mark as its currency
1990 – In Victoria, Australia, helmetless bike riding becomes illegal
1990 – NY Yankee Andy Hawkins throws no-hitter in Comiskey Park, losing 4-0
1992 – 6.6 earthquake in Big Bear Valley of Los Angeles
1992 – Ali Kafi becomes president of Algeria
1992 – Fox broadcasting adds Wednesday night TV programming
1993 – 1 second is added to the clock
1993 – Russian manned space craft TM-17, launches into orbit
1993 – STS-57 (Endeavour) lands
1994 – Fokker’s-28 crashes at Tidjikja, Mauritania (94 killed)
1994 – Roman Herzog sworn in as German president
1994 – Soyuz TM-19 launches
1994 – Yassar Arafat returns to Gaza strip
1995 – “Kiss of the Spider Woman” closes at Broadhurst NYC after 906 perfs
1995 – Kiersten Rickenbach, of NJ, crowned America’s Junior Miss
1996 – Kevan James scores 103 & takes 4 wkts in 4 balls, Hants v Ind
1996 – NHL Winnipeg Jets officially become the Phoenix Coyotes
1996 – Placido Domingo becomes art director of Washington Opera
1996 – WBSI TV replaces WNYC on channel 31 in NYC
1997 – Nevada Athletic Commission suspends Mike Tyson for biting Holyfield
1997 – STS 94 (Columbia 23) launches into orbit
1997 – UK returns Hong Kong to China
1999 – The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth on the day powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh.
2000 – The Oresund Bridge, connecting Sweden and Denmark, opens for traffic.
2000 – Vermont’s civil unions law goes into effect.
2002 – The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.
2002 – A Bashkirian Airlines (flight 2937) Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Ueberlingen, southern Germany, killing 71.
2004 – Saturn Orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens begins at 01:12 UTC and ends at 02:48 UTC.
2006 – The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in the People’s Republic of China.
2007 – Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces. With the ban already in force in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, this means it is illegal to smoke in indoor public places anywhere in the UK. The ban is also put into effect in Australia.
2012 – 17 people are killed and 45 injured in an attack on two churches in Garissa, Kenya
2012 – Spain’s football team crush Italy 4-0 to win the 2012 UEFA Euro Cup

 

 

 

Births

 

1381 – Laurentius Justitianus, [Lorenzo Giustiniani], saint
1481 – Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (d. 1559)
1506 – Louis II, king of Hungary/Bohemia (1516-26)
1511 – Hadrianus Junius, [Adriaen de Jonghe], medical/historian/humanist
1534 – Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway (1559-88)
1560 – Charles van Croij, prince of Chimay/duke of Aarschot
1574 – Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (d. 1656)
1586 – Claudio Saracini, composer
1633 – Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (d. 1698)
1646 – G W Leibniz, German mathematician/philosopher; postulated monads
1663 – Franz Xaver Murschhauser, composer
1688 – Johann Ludwig Steiner, composer
1723 – Pedro R de Campomanes, Spanish economist/historian/literary
1725 – Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (d. 1807)
1735 – James Lyon, composer
1742 – Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer (types of Lichtenberg)
1764 – Georg Christoph Grosheim, composer
1780 – Karl von Clausewitz, Prussian strategist
1788 – Jean-Victor Poncelet, mathematician, founded projective geometry
1802 – Gideon Welles, Secy Navy (Union), died in 1878
1804 – George Sand, France, (female) novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro)
1807 – Thomas Green Clemson, mining engineer, endowed Clemson University
1810 – Walter White, secretary (NAACP)
1812 – Willem J d’Ablaing van Giessenburg, Dutch genealogist/heraldicus
1818 – Ignaz Semmelweis, gynecologist
1833 – Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert, Bvt Major General (Union Army)
1834 – Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908)
1840 – Robert S Ball, Irish mathematician/astronomer
1844 – Verney L Cameroon, English explorer (Tanganyika)
1857 – Roger Connor, 1st baseman (NY Giants)
1861 – Samuel D Riddle, horse owner (Man ‘o War)
1863 – William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
1869 – William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)
1872 – Louis Bleriot, 1st man to fly an airplane across English Channel
1873 – Alice Guy-Blaché, American film director (d. 1968)
1874 – Michel H Campen, author/critic (Bikoerim)
1879 – Leon Jouhaux, France, socialist/co-founder UN’s ILO (Nobel 1951)
1881 – Piet[er] L Kramer, architect (Amsterdam School)
1883 – Arthur Borton, English soldier (d. 1933)
1887 – Charles D Brown, Iowa, actor (Barefoot Boy, Disbarred, Night Editor)
1892 – James M Cain, Minneapolis Mn, novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice)
1893 – Walter Francis White, Atlanta Georgia
1896 – Pavel G Antokolski, Russian poet/director (Syn) [NS]
1898 – Andre-Marie Charue, bishop of Namen Belgium
1899 – Cavan O’Connor, singer
1899 – Charles Laughton, England, actor (Mutiny on Bounty, Spartacus)
1899 – Henry “Indiana” Jones Jr, fictional character “Indiana Jones”
1899 – Konstantinos Tsatsos Greek politician and president (1975-1980)
1901 – Irna Phillips, Chicago, created 6 soap operas (Guiding Light)
1901 – Sylvia Mary Paget Chancellor, philanthropist
1902 – Billy Wyler, director (Ben Hur, Mrs Miniver)
1902 – Jose Luis Sert, Spanish/US architect
1903 – Amy Johnson, British pilot
1903 – Beatrix Lehmann, England, actress (Candles at Nine, Staircase)
1904 – Mary Calderone, physician/founder (planned parenthood)
1906 – Edward Lansing Gordon Jr, Jackson Miss, long jumper (Olympic-gold-32)
1906 – Frank Parker, NYC, actor (Shawn-Days of our Life)
1906 – Estée Lauder, New York, NY, CEO (Estée Lauder cosmetics) (d. 2004)
1907 – Bill Stern, Rochester NY, sportscaster (Saturday Night Fights)
1908 – Paul Hardy, Belgian writer (Best of Painted Furniture)
1908 – Peter Anders, German opera singer
1908 – Peg Entwistle, Welsh actress (d. 1932)
1909 – Juan Carlos Onetti, novelist
1909 – Madge Evans, Manhattan NYC, TV panelist (Masquerade Party)
1909 – Bill Stern, American sportscaster (d. 1971)
1911 – Alvino Rey, Cleve Ohio, orchestra leader (King Family)
1911 – Sergei Sokolov, Soviet marshal
1912 – Ahmad H al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal/president/premier
1912 – David Brower, environmentalist/president (Sierra Club)
1912 – Roy McKelvie, soldier/sports writer
1912 – Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (d. 1989)
1913 – Jo Sinclair, writer
1914 – Cristyl Cranz, Germany, slalom (Olympic-gold-1936)
1914 – Earle Warren, alto sax player
1914 – Magda Gabor, Budapest Hungary, actress (People vs Zsa Zsa Gabor)
1915 – Jean Stafford, US writer (Boston Adventure, Lion & Carpenter)
1915 – Viscount Leverhulm, English large landowner (Unilever)
1915 – Willie Dixon, Vicksburg Missisipi, blues artist (Walkin’ the Blues, Mellow Down Easy)
1915 – Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon (d. 2001)
1916 – Olivia de Havilland, Tokyo Japan, actress (Adventures of Robin Hood)
1919 – Hans Bender, German poet
1920 – Harold Sakata, American actor (d. 1982)
1921 – Seretse Khama, 1st premier/president of Botswana (Bechuanaland)
1923 – Constance Ford, actress (Ada Hobson-Another World)
1925 – Farley Granger, San Jose CA, actor (Arnold, Rope, Deathmask)
1926 – Franclaois-Regis Bastide, writer/broadcaster
1926 – Robert Fogel, Nobel laureate
1926 – Carl Hahn, German automotive executive
1927 – Hans Eklund, composer
1927 – Ruben Gomez, baseball player
1928 – Constance Ford, US actress (Cabinet of Calgary, Ada-Another World)
1928 – Volker Wangenheim, composer
1929 – Gerald M Edelman, US biochemist (Nobel 1972)
1930 – Andreas JAI Bruggeman, Dutch mayor (Schipluiden/Leiderdorp)
1930 – Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American filmmaker (d. 2005)
1931 – Leslie Caron, Boulogne-Biliancourt France, actr (Lili, Father Goose)
1931 – Tab Hunter, actor (Tab Hunter Show, Lust in the Dust)
1932 – Bobby Day, [Robert Byrd], Fort Worth Tx, rock vocalist (Rockin’ Robin)
1932 – Ze’ev Schiff, Israeli journalist (d. 2007)
1933 – Frank Baumann, baseball player
1933 – Peter Walwyn, British race horse trainer
1934 – Jamie Farr, Toledo Oh, actor (Klinger-M*A*S*H, AfterMASH)
1934 – Jean Marsh, London England, actress (Dark Places, Eagle has Landed)
1934 – Sydney Pollack, Lafayette, director (Tootsie, Presumed Innocent)
1934 – Claude Berri, French actor, director and screenwriter
1935 – James Cotton, blues vocalist
1935 – Seiji Ozawa, [Fentian Shenyan], Manchuria, orchestra conductor
1937 – Ebrahim I Ebrahim, South African ANCer/Umkhonto we Sizwe-leader
1938 – Chester Watson, West Indian cricket fast bowler (early 60s)
1938 – Don Pavletich, baseball player
1938 – Craig Anderson, baseball player
1939 – Charles Hatcher, (Rep-D-GA, 1981- )
1939 – Delaney Bramlett, Oklahoma, rocker (Shindogs, Delaney & Bonnie)
1939 – Karen Black, American actress
1940 – Jack Acker, baseball pitcher (NY Yankees)
1940 – Kenneth Clarke, British minister
1941 – John Gould, British composer/musical comic
1941 – Rod Gilbert, Canada, NHL wing (NY Rangers)
1941 – Sally Quinn, Georgia, CBS newscaster (Morning Show)
1941 – Twyla Tharp, Portland Ind, choreographer (Twyla Tharp Dance Troupe)
1941 – Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist, Nobel laureate
1941 – Myron Scholes, American economist, Nobel laureate
1942 – Genevieve Bujold, Montreal, actress (King of Hearts, Choose Me, Coma)
1942 – Karen Black, [Ziegler], Park Ridge Ill, (5 Easy Pieces, Pyx)
1942 – William Carney, (Rep-R-NY, 1979-86)
1942 – Andraé Crouch, American singer
1943 – Jeff Wayne, musician
1945 – Deborah Harry, Miami Fla, singer (Blondie-Heart of Glass)
1945 – Mike Burstyn, Israeli-American actor
1946 – June Montiero, US, vocalist (Toys-A Lover’s Concerto)
1946 – Ron Silver, NYC, actor (Gary-Rhoda, Entity, Silkwood, Best Friends)
1947 – Marc Benno, rocker
1947 – Kazuyoshi Hoshino, Japanese racing driver
1949 – John Farnham, Australian singer
1950 – David Duke, American politician, K.K.K. member
1951 – Daryl Anderson, Seattle, actor (Animal-Lou Grant)
1951 – Fred Schneider, Newark Ga, vocalist/guitarist (B-52’s-Rock Lobster)
1951 – Trevor Eve, Wales, actor (Shadow Chasers)
1951 – Anne Feeney, American protest singer
1951 – Terrence Mann, American actor and dancer
1952 – Dan Aykroyd, Ottawa Canada, comedian/actor (SNL, Dragnet)
1952 – Timothy J. Tobias, American composer and musician (d. 2006)
1953 – Henry Percy, 11th duke of Northumberland, godchild of Elizabeth II
1954 – Michael Daniel Reid, Bainbridge MD, PGA golfer (1987 Seiko Tucson)
1955 – Keith Whitley, Sandy Hook Ky, country singer (Don’t Close Your Eyes)
1956 – Adrian Wright, rocker (Human League-Only Human)
1956 – Bill Caudill, baseball player
1956 – Lorna Patterson, Whittier California, actress (Airplane, Pvt Benjamin)
1956 – Alan Ruck, American actor
1957 – Hannu Kamppuri, Finnish ice hockey player
1958 – Nancy Lieberman Cline, Bkln, WNBA guard (Phoenix Mercury) (Oly-S-76)
1959 – Anne Smith, Dallas TX, tennis star
1960 – Alan Ruck, Cleve Oh, actor (Stuart-Spin City)
1960 – Evelyn “Champagne” King, Bronx NY, disco singer (Shame, I’m in Love)
1960 – Lynn Jennings, Princeton NJ, 5k runner
1960 – Mike Fitzgerald, baseball player
1961 – Diana Spencer, Sandringham England, Princess of Wales, (d. 1997)
1961 – Kalpana Chawla, Karnal India, astronaut (STS 87)
1961 – Carl Lewis [Frederick], Birmingham Alabama, sprinter and long jumper (Oly-9 gold-84-96)
1961 – Malcolm Elliott, British cyclist
1962 – Andre Braugher, Chicago Ill, actor (Frank Pembleton-Homicide)
1963 – Edward Tsang Lu, Springfield Mass, astronaut (STS 84)
1963 – Roddy Bottum, LA California, rock keyboardist (Faith No More-Real Thing)
1964 – Mike Twardoski, baseball player
1964 – Poi Burton, rocker (Transvision Vamp-Velveteen)
1964 – Theresa Lynn, Louisville KY, actress (Orgasm Girl-Private Parts)
1965 – Luc Rochefort, Trois-Rivieres Que, golfer (1991 Low Amateur Quebec)
1966 – Eric Ball, NFL running back (Oakland Raiders)
1966 – Larisa Savchenko, Neiland Latvia, tennis star
1966 – Patrick McEnroe, Manhasset NY, tennis star
1966 – Shawn Burr, Sarnia, NHL left wing (Tampa Bay Lightning)
1966 – Simon Arkell, Australian pole vaulter (Olympics-17th-92, 96)
1966 – Enrico Annoni, Italian footballer
1967 – Dave Richardson, CFL tackle (Hamilton Tiger Cats)
1967 – Mike Eastwood, Ottawa, NHL center (Winnipeg Jets)
1967 – Pamela Anderson Lee, Ladysmith BC, playmate (Feb 90/Home Improvement)
1967 – Tony Bennett, NFL linebacker (Indianapolis Colts)
1968 – Charles Wilson, NFL wide receiver (NY Jets)
1968 – Roshumba Williams, Chicago Ill, model (Bride)
1968 – Tim Abell, American actor
1969 – Gary Brown, NFL running back (Houston Oilers)
1969 – Graham Lloyd, cricketer (son of David, Lancashire batsman, Eng ODI 96)
1970 – Kevin O’Brien, WLAF linebacker (Barcelona Dragons)
1970 – Nicky Goetze, Milwaukee Wisc, Canadian Tour golfer (1992 NCAA Acad)
1970 – Van Malone, NFL safety (Detroit Lions)
1971 – Darick Holmes, NFL running back (Buffalo Bills)
1971 – Oleg Antonenko, hockey forward (Team Belarus, Olympics-1998)
1971 – Wanda Gonzalez, Miss Connecticut USA (1996)
1971 – Melissa Peterman [Melissa Margaret], Minneapolis, Minnesota, American actress (Reba, Fargo)
1971 – Julianne Nicholson, American actress
1971 – Steven W. Bailey, American actor
1971 – Jamie Walker, American baseball player
1972 – Corey Hirsch, Medicine Hat, NHL goalie (Vancouver Canucks)
1972 – Darrick Bledose, WLAF cornerback (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1972 – Claire Forlani, English actress
1972 – Alex Machacek, Austrian musician
1973 – Malina Milson, Australian softball 1st baseman (Olympics-bronze-96)
1974 – Michele Krasnoo, Culver City California, actress (Kickboxer IV)
1975 – Sufjan Stevens, American musician
1976 – Patrick Stephan Kluivert, Surinam/Dutch soccer player (Ajax)

1976 – Hannu Tihinen, Finnish footballer
1976 – Ruud van Nistelrooy, Dutch footballer
1977 – Liv Tyler, New York City, American actress and daughter of Aerosmith’s frontman, Steven Tyler (Stealing Beauty)
1977 – Misty Marriah Esplin, Preston Idaho, Miss America-Idaho (1997)
1977 – Keigo Hayashi, Japanese music artist
1977 – Birgit Schuurman, Dutch musician
1978 – Eisa Istok, Miss Illinois Teen USA (1996)
1978 – Jacqie Turner, west Covina California, figure skater, 1997 SW Pacific-2nd
1978 – Vicki Renee Hughes, Miss New Mexico Teen USA (1997)
1979 – Forrest Griffin, American mixed martial artist
1980 – Patrick Aufiero, American hockey player
1981 – Tadhg Kennelly, Irish-born Australian Rules footballer
1981 – Demetria McKinney, American Actress
1982 – Carmella DeCesare, American model
1982 – Romola Garai, English actress
1982 – Justin Huber, Australian baseball player
1982 – Joachim Johansson, Swedish tennis player
1982 – Adrian Ward, American football player
1982 – Hilarie Burton, American actress
1983 – Marit Larsen, Norwegian musician (M2M)
1983 – Leeteuk, Korean singer
1988 – Evan Ellingson, American actor
1989 – Mitch Hewer, English actor
1989 – Hannah Murray, English actress
1992 – Bryant Jones, Camarillo Ca, actor (Nate Hastings-Young & Restless)

 

 

 

Deaths

 

251 – Decius, Roman Emperor (b. 207)
251 – Herennius Etruscus, joint Roman Emperor with father Decius (b. ca. 227)
868 – Ali al-Hadi, Shia Imam (b. 828)
1109 – King Alfonso VI of Castile (b. 1040)
1277 – Baibars, Mameluk sultan of Egypt (b. 1223)
1378 – Jan I V van Arkel, bishop of Utrecht/Luik, dies
1523 – Hendrik Voes, Flemish priest/church reformer, burned at stake
1523 – John of Esschen, Flemish priest/church reformer, burned at stake
1589 – Christophe Plantin, French/Belgian book publisher, dies
1592 – Marc A Ingegneri, Italian violinist/composer (Responsoria), dies
1614 – Isaac Casaubon, French-born classical scholar (b. 1559)
1622 – William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, British politician (b. 1575)
1627 – Nathaniel Bacon, English painter, dies at 41
1662 – Simon Ives, composer, dies at 61
1681 – Oliver Plunkett, Irish saint (b. 1629)
1691 – Marc’Antonio Pasqualini, composer, dies at 77
1708 – Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
1723 – Willem van de Pose, gov of Cape Colony (1699-1797), dies at about 59
1742 – Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Czech monk/composer, dies at 58
1774 – Henry Fox Holland, English corrupt politician, dies at 68
1776 – Francis Salvador, 1st Jew to die in American Revolutionary War
1782 – Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd marquis of Rockingham, dies at 52
1784 – Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, composer, son of J.S. Bach, dies at 73
1805 – Georg Ritschel, composer, dies at 60
1819 – Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (b. 1752)
1839 – Mahmud II, sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
1847 – George F Kersting, German painter, dies at 61
1860 – Charles Goodyear, American inventor, dies at 59
1863 – John Fulton Reynolds, Union general-major, dies in battle at 42
1883 – Manuel Gregorio Tavarez, composer, dies at 39
1885 – Hermann von Fehling, German chemist (Fehling’s reagens), dies at 73
1894 – Julius PJA van Nyevelt, Dutch min of Foreign affairs, dies at 77
1894 – Allan Pinkerton, American private detective (b. 1819)
1896 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, US author (Uncle Tom’s Cabin), dies at 85
1910 – Marius Petipa, Fren ballet dancer/choreographer (Casse-noisette), dies
1916 – William Booth, cricketer (WW I 2 Tests for England 1913-14), dies
1922 – Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (I mala voglia), dies at 81
1925 – Erik Alfred Leslie Satie, French composer (Dreamy Fish), dies at 59
1925 – Jan P Veth, Dutch painter/lithographer/art historian, dies at 61
1939 – Louis Davids [Simon David], cabaret performer/chorus performer, dies
1943 – Auguste Reitsma, Dutch resistance fighter (census director), executed
1943 – C Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
1943 – C L Barentsen, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
1943 – Coos Hartogh, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
1943 – Cor Roos, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
1943 – Henri Halberstadt, Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
1943 – Johan Brouwer, hispanist/writer/Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1943 – Koen Limperg, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
1943 – Sam Bloemgarten, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
1943 – Willem Arondeus, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
1943 – Willem Brouwer, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
1944 – Carl Mayer, actor (Dreaming Lips, Ariane, Sunrise), dies at 49
1947 – Clarence Lucas, composer, dies at 80
1949 – Louis Davids, [Simon David], cabaret artist, dies at 65
1950 – Edward Faber Schneider, composer, dies at 77
1950 – Eliel Saarinen, Fins/US architect (Chicago Trib building), dies at 76
1950 – Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician (b. 1865)
1953 – Azzedine Bey, Tunisian heir to the throne, murdered
1953 – Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist, dies
1958 – Apie [Adrian P] Prince, Dutch writer (I Go Me Own Way), dies
1958 – Harry Nicholls Holmes, Dr (crystallized vitamin A), dies at 78
1958 – Rudolf von Laban, Czech/Ger choreographer (modern dance), dies at 78
1961 – Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (b. 1894)
1963 – Camille Chautemps, premier France, dies
1964 – Pierre Monteux, French/US conductor (Concert Bldg Orch), dies at 89
1965 – Claude Thornhill, composer, dies at 55
1965 – Wally Hammond, South African cricketer (7,249 runs for England), dies
1968 – Dick Young, cricketer (England wicketkeeper v Aust 1907-08), dies
1968 – Virginia Weidler, actress (All This & Heaven Too), dies at 42
1971 – Lord Learie Constantine, WI cricketer (all-rounder & fielder), dies
1973 – Mario La Broca, composer, dies at 76
1974 – Juan D Peron, president of Argentina (1946-55, 73-74), dies at 78
1976 – Anneliese Michel, German woman said to be possessed by demons (b. 1952)
1978 – Kurt Student, German Luftwaffe general (b. 1890)
1979 – Richard Ward, actor (Beacon Hill), dies at 64
1980 – Charles Percy Snow, British writer (Friends & Associates), dies at 75
1981 – George Voskovec, actor (Fred-Nero Wolfe, Peter-Skag), dies at 76
1981 – Carlos de Oliveira, Portuguese writer (b. 1921)
1981 – Rushton Moreve, American bass player (b. 1948)
1982 – John Everett Watts, composer, dies at 51
1982 – Vera [A Veronica] Bondam, actress, dies at 86
1983 – R Buckminster Fuller, inventor/philosopher, dies in LA at 87
1984 – Moshe Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-born educator (b. 1904)
1986 – Roy Poole, actor (Winds of War), dies at 62
1987 – Snakefinger, British-born musician (b. 1949)
1988 – Hellmuth Christian Wolff, composer, dies at 82
1988 – Lex van Delden, Dutch composer/writer, dies at 68
1989 – William Ching, actor (Moonlighter, Terror in Haunted House), dies
1990 – Anna Palk, actress (Play it Cool, Frozen Dead), dies of cancer at 48
1990 – Jurriaan Schrofer, graphic designer, dies
1991 – Joost Baljeu, painter/founder-editor Structure, dies
1991 – Michael Landon, actor (Bonanza, Hwy to Heaven), dies of cancer at 54
1992 – Franco Cristaldi, Italian producer (Amarcord), dies
1992 – Francisco Mendes, Guinea-Bissauan politician (b. 1933)
1994 – Johanna Ader-Appels, resistance fighter/author, dies
1995 – Bruce Mitchell, South African cricketer (leading Test scorer with 3471), dies
1995 – Ronald Farrow, radio producer/priest, dies at 49
1995 – Wolfman Jack, disc jockey (Midnight Special), dies at 57
1996 – Alfred Marks, actor (Fanny Hill, Desert Mice), dies at 75
1996 – Margaux Hemmingway, actress (Lipstick), dies at 41
1996 – Richard Michael Fraser, political administrator, dies at 80
1996 – Steve Tesich, screenwriter/playwright, dies at 53
1997 – Joshua Hassan, head of Gibraltar (1964-69, 72-87), dies
1997 – Robert Mitchum, actor (Winds of War), dies at 79
1999 – Edward Dmytryk, Canadian-born film director (b. 1908)
1999 – Guy Mitchell, American popular singer dies at 72
1999 – Forrest Mars Sr., American candy magnate (b. 1904)
1999 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (b. 1910)
2000 – Sarah Payne, British murder victim (b. 1992)
2000 – Walter Matthau, American actor (b. 1920)
2001 – Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
2003 – Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (b. 1930)
2003 – Wesley Mouzon, American boxer (b. 1927)
2003 – N!xau, Namibian actor (b. 1944)
2004 – Marlon Brando, actor (“The Godfather”, “A Street Cart Named Desire” and “On the Water Front”) dies at 80
2004 – Peter Barnes, English writer (b. 1931)
2004 – Todor Skalovski, Macedonian composer (b. 1909)
2005 – Luther Vandross, American singer, dies at 54
2005 – Obie Benson, American musician (b. 1936)
2006 – Fred Trueman, English cricketer (b. 1931)
2008 – Mel Galley, English guitarist (b. 1948)
2009 – Karl Malden, American actor (b. 1912)
2009 – Onni Palaste, Finnish writer (b. 1917)
2009 – Mollie Sugden, English actress (b. 1922)
2009 – Alexis Argüello, Nicaraguan professional boxer (b. 1952)
2009 – Marwa El-Sherbini, Egyptian housewife (b. 1977 or 1976)
2010 – Ilene Woods, American actress (b. 1929)
2011 – Leslie Brooks, American actress (b. 1922)
2012 – Evelyn Lear, American operatic soprano, dies at 86