Today In The Past

 

 

Events

63 BC – Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations.

663 – Fourth Council of Toledo takes place.

771 – Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.

1082 – Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated.

1349 – 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacre during Black Death riots

1360 – The French Franc is created.

1408 – Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow.

1456 – Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 die

1492 – Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)

1590 – Niccolo Sfondrati chosen Pope Gregory XIV

1602 – Giulio Caccini’s “Euridice,” premieres in Florence

 

 

 

1757 – Battle at LeuthenPrussian army beats Austrians

 

 

 

 

 

1766 – London auctioneers Christie’s hold their 1st sale

 

 

 

1775 – At Fort TiconderogaHenry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to CambridgeMassachusetts.

 

 

 

 

 

1776 – 1st US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms

1792 – George Washington re-elected US pres

1804 – Thomas Jefferson re-elected US pres/George Clinton vice-pres

1813 – Lubeck surrenders to allied armies

1831 – Former Pres John Q Adams takes his seat as member of House of Reps

1832 – Andrew Jackson re-elected president of US

1848 – Pres Polk triggers Gold Rush of ’49, confirms California gold discovery

1854 – Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of CoffeevilleMS

 

 

 

 

1868 – 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)

1876 – Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench

1876 – Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death

1879 – 1st automatic telephone switching system patented

1887 – Stanley’s expedition reaches plateau at Lake Albert Congo

1893 – 1st electric car (built in Toronto) could go 15 miles between charges

1926 – Sergei Eisenstein’s “Battleship Potemkin,” debuts

1929 – 1st US nudist organization (American League for Physical Culture, NYC)

1932 – German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America

 

 

 

1933 – 21st Am ratified18th Amendment (Prohibitionrepealed (5:32 PM EST)

 

 

 

 

 

1935 – 1st coml hydroponics operation established (Montebello California)

1936 – Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union

1941 – Russian anti offensive in Moscow drives out nazi army

1941 – US aircraft carrier Lexington/5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor

1942 – West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland

1944 – German troops rob all the silver coin in Utrecht

 

 

 

1945 – “Lost Squadron” crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1946 – Pres Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808

1947 – Joe Louis beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1949 – Ezzard Charles defeats Jersey Joe Walcott for heavyweight boxing title

1950 – Ezzard Charles KOs Nick Barone in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

1952 – -8] worst smog in London ever, 4-8,000 die

1955 – AFL & CIO merge, with George Meany as president

1955 – Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks

1957 – NYC is 1st city to legislate against racial or religious discrimination in housing market (Fair Housing Practices Law)

1957 – Sukarno expels all Dutch people from Indonesia.

1958 – The Preston bypass, the UK’s first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.

 

 

 

1964 – Vietnam WarFor his heroism in battle earlier in the yearCaptain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war.

 

 

 

Army Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1967 – Benjamin Spock & Allen Ginsberg arrested protesting Vietnam war

1968 – Rolling Stones release “Beggar’s Banquet” LP

1970 – LA Rams Willie Ellison sets NFL record of 247 yards rushing

1970 – Stanley Cup, Conn Smythe Trophy & Bill Masterson trophy stolen from NHL hall of fame

1972 – 38th Heisman Trophy Award: Johnny Rodgers, Nebraska (FL)

 

 

 

1974 – “Monty Python’s Flying Circus” last shown on BBC

 

Monty Python's Flying Circus (UK) tv show photo

Monty Python’s Flying Circus Intro

Spam

The Parrot Sketch

Argument Clinic

 

 

 

1974 – Airport terminal roof collapses killing 17 (Teheran Iran)

1975 – NASA launches space vehicle S-196, it failed

1977 – Egypt breaks dipl relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & S Yemen

1978 – Free agent Pete Rose signs 4-year, $32 million contract with Phillies

1978 – Pioneer Venus 1 begins orbiting Venus

1981 – 47th Heisman Trophy Award: Marcus Allen, Southern Cal (RB)

1982 – Herschel Walker of Georgia wins Heisman Trophy

1982 – Ingrid Berghmans (Neth) retains judo’s world championship

1983 – 12 killed by a car bomb shattering 9-story building in west Beirut

1985 – Dow Jones Industrial Average rose above 1,500 level for 1st time

1988 – Shuttle Atlantis launches world’s 1st nuclear-war-fighting satellite

1989 – France TGV train reaches world record speed of 482.4 kph

1990 – Salman Rushdie, author, ordered to death by Iran for blasphemy, appears in public for 1st time in 2 years

1991 – NY Daily News files for protection under chapter 11

 

 

 

1993 – Astronauts begin repair of Hubble telescope in space

 

 

 

 

 

1993 – Newhart actor William Sanderson (47) weds Sharon Wix (39)

1995 – The Sri Lankan government announces the conquest of Tamil stronghold of Jaffna.

1997 – STS 87 (Columbia 24) lands
2005 – The Lake Tanganyika earthquake causes significant damage, mostly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

2006 – Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji.

2007 – Westroads Mall massacre: A gunman opens fire with a semi-automatic rifle at an Omaha, Nebraska mall, killing eight people before taking his own life.

2008 – Human remains previously found in 1991 are finally identified by Russian and American scientists as those of Tsar Nicholas II.

 

 

 

Births

1377 – Jianwen Emperor of China (d. 1402)

1443 – Pope Julius II, Albisola, Republic of Genoa, Pope (1503-13), patron of Michelangelo, Bramante, Raphael, (d. 1513)

1495 – Nicolas Cleynaerts, Flemish grammarian (d. 1542)

 

 

 

1537 – Ashikaga YoshiakiJapanese shogun (d. 1597)

 

 

 

 

 

1547 – Ubbo Emmius, [van Embden], Dutch-Frisian humanist/historian

1661 – Robert Haley, earl of Oxford/English premier (Whig, 1710-14)

1666 – Francesco Antonio Nicola Scarlotti, composer

 

 

 

1782 – Martin Van BurenKinderhook NY, (D8th pres (1837-41)

 

 

 

 

 

1826 – John Benjamin Sanborn, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1904

 

 

 

1839 – George Armstrong CusterNew RumleyOhioMjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1876)

 

 

 

 

 

1841 – Marcus Daly, American mining tycoon (d. 1900)

1855 – Clinton Hart Merriam, American ornithologist (d. 1942)

 

 

 

1859 – John JellicoeBritish admiral (d. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Armando V Diaz, Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24)

1863 – Paul P Painlevé, French PM (1917, 1925), mathematician [OS]

1867 – Józef Piłsudski, Polish revolutionary and statesman (d. 1935)

1868 – Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (d. 1951)

1871 – Bill Pickett, American rodeo performer (d. 1932)

1872 – Harry N Pillsbury, US chess player

1875 – Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (d. 1933)

1879 – Clyde Cessna, American airplane manufacturer (d. 1954)

 

 

 

1890 – Fritz LangGermanydirector (M, Metropolis)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1890 – David Bomberg, English painter (d. 1957)

1892 – Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (d. 1973)

1895 – Elbert Frank Cox, American mathematician (d. 1969)

1897 – Nunnally Johnson, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1977)

 

 

 

1899 – Sonny Boy Williamson II , [Aleck Miller]blues harp player

 

Got My Mojo Working with Muddy Waters

Sky Is Crying / Movin’ Out

Eyesight To The Blind

Keep It To Yourself Bye Bye Bird Getting Out Of Town

 

 

 

 

1901 – Walter Elias Disney, Chicago, animator (Mickey Mouse), (d. 1966)

1901 – Werner Heisenberg, German physicist/discovered uncertainty (Nobel 32)

1902 – [Steve James] Strom Thurmond, (Sen-D/R-SC)

1903 – Cecil Frank Powell, Tonbridge, Kent, physicist, discovered pion (Nobel 1950), (d.1969)

1905 – Otto Preminger, Austria, director/producer (Laura, Exodus)

1907 – Giuseppe Occhialini, Italian physicist (d. 1993)

1910 – Abraham L Polonsky, US writer/director (Tell them Willie Boy is Here)

1911 – Władysław Szpilman, Polish pianist (d. 2000)

1912 – Maisie Fitter, editor/conservationist

1914 – Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (d. 1989)

1917 – Ken Downing, English racing driver (d. 2004)

1921 – Alvy Moore, actor (Mr Kimball-Green Acres)

1925 – Anastasio “Tachito” Somoza Debayle, president of Nicaragua (1967..79)

1926 – George Savalas, Bronx NY, actor (Kojak)

1927 – Rama IX, [Bhumibol Adulyadej], Mass, king of Thailand (1946- )

1934 – Joan Didion, US novelist/journalist (Salvador)

1935 – Calvin Trillin, author (New Yorker)

1935 – Yury Vlasov, Soviet weightlifter

1936 – James Lee Burke, American writer

 

 

 

1938 – John J CaleOklahoma Cityrock guitarist (After Midnight)

 

After Midnight with Eric Clapton

Going Down with Leon Russell

They Call Me The Breeze

Mama Don’t

 

 

 

 

1941 – David Wilson, English contractor/multi-millionaire

1944 – Jeroen Krabbé, Dutch actor

1945 – J W “Corkey” Fornof, New Orleans, stunt coordinator (Octopussy)

1946 – Andy Kim, [Andrew Joachim], rocker

 

 

 

1947 – Jim Messinarocker (Loggins & MessinaYour Mamma Don’t Dance)

 

Poco with Jim Messina

Your Mama Don’t Dance…

Vahevala

Listen To A Country Song & Holiday Hotel

 

 

 

 

1947 – Jim Plunkett, San Jose, CA, NFL quarterback (New England, Oakland)

1947 – Jugderdemidjin Gurragcha, Mongolia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 39)

1949 – Bruce E Melnick, NYC, Cmdr USCG/astronaut (STS 41, STS 49)

1950 – Camarón de la Isla, Spanish flamenco singer (d. 1992)

1951 – Morgan Brittany, [Suzanne Cupito], LA Cal, actress (Katherine-Dallas)

1952 – Bobby Barth, rocker vocalist/guitarist (Axe)

1953 – Jonathan Lewis, trombonist (Atlantic Star-Touch a 4 Leaf Clover)

1953 – Larry Zbyszko, [Living Legend, Whistler], wrestler (WCW/AWA/NWA/WWF)

1957 – Art Monk, NFL wide receiver (Wash Redskins, Philadelphia Eagles)

1957 – Charlene Morett, Darby Pa, field hockey left wing (Oly-bronze-1984)

1957 – Phil Collen, English heavy-metal guitarist (Def Leppard-Love Bites)

1960 – Andrzej Chylinski, NYC, 50k walker (Olympics-26th-96)

1960 – John Felton, Kyogle Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)

1963 – Carrie Hamilton, Carol Burnett’s daughter/actress (Fame)

1963 – Doctor Dre, American radio personality

1963 – Eddie “the Eagle” Edwards, English ski jumper

1964 – Pablo Morales, Chic, butterfly swimmer (Oly-3 gold/2 silver-1984, 92)

1965 – Johnny Rzeznik, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (Goo Goo Dolls)

1965 – Wayne Smith, Jamaican reggae musician

1966 – Niege Dias, Brazil, tennis star

1966 – Patricia Kaas, French pop singer (Mademoiselle Chant)

1967 – Ann Schirman, San Diego, WPVA volleyballer (National-17th-1994)

1967 – René Shuman, [Shumans], rockabilly-bandleader/singer

1967 – Gary Allan, American country musician

1967 – Konstantin-Assen, Prince of Vidin, titular Bulgarian royal family

1968 – Lisa Marie [Sliwa], New Brunswick NJ, actress (Mars Attack)

1968 – Margaret Cho, actress/comedienne (Face/Off)

1969 – Lewis Gordon Pugh, English swimmer, polar explorer and motivational speaker

1972 – Kevin Sally, Richmond Hill Ontario, archer (Olympics-96)

1972 – Randolph Ross, Shelby NC, 110m hurdler

1972 – Angela Shelton, American actress & writer

1973 – Luboš Motl, Czech physicist

1979 – Nick Stahl, American actor

1980 – Shizuka Ito, Japanese voice actress (seiyū)

1980 – Ibrahim Maalouf, Lebanese-born French trumpeter

1985 – Frankie Muniz, American actor

1985 – Nico Verdonck, Belgian racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

63 BC – Publius Cornelius Lentulus (Sura), Roman statesman

749 – Saint John of Damascus, theologian

1212 – Derek II of Are, Bishop of Utrecht (1197-1212), dies

1244 – Johanna of Constantinople, countess of Flanders (1205-44), dies

 

 

 

1594 – Gerardus MercatorFlemish philosopher/cartographerdies at 82

 

 

 

 

 

1624 – Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1560)

1749 – Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye, New French explorer and trader (b. 1685)

1770 – James Stirling, Scot mathematician (Formula of Stirling), dies at 78

 

 

 

1791 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozartcomposerdies in Vienna Austria at 35

 

 

 

 

1842 – MJ Auguste Vestrius, French ballet dancers, dies at 82

1859 – Louis Poinsot, French mathematician/instrument maker, dies at 82

1870 – Alexandre Dumas, French writer, dies at 68

1886 – Peter Hofstede de Groot, Dutch reformed theologist, dies at 84

1895 – Chief Gall, Sioux chief (b. 1840)

1922 – Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist, dies

1925 – Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist, dies at 78

1926 – Claude Monet, French impressionist, dies at 86

1951 – “Shoeless” Joe Jackson, of baseball’s black sox scandal, dies

1951 – Abanindranath Tagore, Indian writer (b. 1871)

1965 – Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist, Nobel laureate for shock therapy (b. 1874)

1966 – Sylveer Maes, Belgian bicylist, dies at 57

1972 – Kenny Dorham [McKinley], American jazz trumpeter, dies at 48

1977 – Aleksandr Vasilevsky, Soviet military commander (b. 1895)

1983 – Robert Aldrich, dir/producer (Last Sunset), dies at 65

 

 

 

1991 – Richard Speckmass murdererdies a day before his 50th birthday

 

 

 

 

 

1992 – Sergei Aleksandrovich Yemelyanov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 41

1993 – Douglas Hopkins, guitarist (Gin Blossoms), dies of gun shot at 32

1994 – Ronald Ridout, school textbook author, dies at 78

1995 – Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor, dies at 77

1995 – Victor Collin Matthews, businessman, dies on 76th birthday

1995 – Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (b. 1920)

2001 – Franco Rasetti, Italian physicist (b. 1901)

2002 – Roone Arledge, American sports broadcasting pioneer (b. 1931)

2005 – Kevin “Big Kev” McQuay, Australian businessman (b. 1949)

2005 – Frits Philips, Dutch businessman (b. 1905)

2006 – David Bronstein, Ukrainian-born chess grandmaster (b. 1924)

2008 – Nina Foch, Dutch-born American actress (b. 1924)

2010 – Don Meredith, American football player and broadcaster (b. 1938)

2011 – Peter Gethin, British racing driver (b. 1940)