Today In The Past

 

 

Events

4004 BC – Creation of the world begins according to the calculations of Archbishop James Ussher

 

42 BC – Roman Republican civil warsSecond Battle of Philippi – Brutus’s army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and OctavianBrutus commits suicide.

 

 

 

 

502 – The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.

1086 – Battle of az-Zallaqah: Army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI

1091 – Tornado (possible T8/F4) strikes the heart of London killing 2 and demolishing the then wooden London Bridge

 

1157 – The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in DenmarkKing Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.

 

  

1588 – Medina Sidonia’s Spanish Armada returns to Santander

 

1641 – Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 – anniversary commemorated by Irish Protestants for over 200 years

 

 

 

1642 – Battle at Edgeville (Warwick): King Charles I vs English parliament

1644 – Sea battle of Fehmarn Sont: Adm Thijssen beats Denen

1694 – American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec.

1702 – -24] Battle in Bay of Vigo: Neth/Engl fleet destroy Span/French fleet

  

1739 – War of Jenkins’ Ear startsBritish Prime MinisterRobert Walpolereluctantly declares war on Spain.

 

 

1760 – 1st Jewish prayer books printed in US

1775 – Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army

1790 – Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)

1805 – Sailing ship “Aeneus” sinks off Newfoundland killing 340

1814 – 1st plastic surgery is performed (England)

1824 – 1st steam locomotive is introduced

1864 – Battle of Westport, Missouri

1864 – Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price

1871 – Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America’s Cup

1910 – Blanche Scott became 1st woman solo a public airplane flight

1915 – 1st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa)

1915 – 25,000 women march in NYC, demanding right to vote

  

1917 – 1st Infantry division “Big Red One” shoots 1st US shot in WW I

 

 

1920 – Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, & Bill Burns as go-betweens in Black Sox World Series scandal

1921 – Green Bay Packers play 1st NFL game, 7-6 win over Minneapolis

1934 – Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)

1935 – Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard “Lulu” Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.

1941 – Walt Disney’s “Dumbo” released

  

1942 – During WW IIBritain launches major offensive at El AlameinEgypt

 

 

1942 – All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger (“Thanks for the Memory”, “Love in Bloom”, “Blue Hawaii”).

1943 – 1st Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau

 

1943 – Burma railway (Railway of Deathopens

 

 

1944 –  Battle of Leyte Gulf  begins

 

 

1944 – Soviet army invades Hungary

1947 – Husband & wife Dr Carl Cori & Dr Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes

1954 – Britain, England, France & USSR agree to end occupation of Germany

1956 – 1st video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast

1956 – Revolt against Stalinist policies begins in Hungary

1956 – Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).

1957 – 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3

1958 – Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak, wins Nobel Prize for Literature

1958 – USSR lends money to UAR to build Aswan High Dam

1958 – The Springhill Mine Bump – An underground earthquake traps 174 miners in the No. 2 colliery at SpringhillNova Scotiathe deepest coal mine in North America at the timeBy November 1, rescuers from around the world had dug out 100 of the victims, marking the death toll at 74.

 

 

1959 – Chinese troops move into India, 17 die

 

1962 – USAF Major Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 40,800m

 

 

1964 – Japanese beat Russian for 1st Olympic Gold in woman’s volleyball

1968 – Kip Keino (Kenya) wins gold medal for 1,500m (3 min 34.9 sec)

1970 – Gary Gabelich sets auto speed record 622.4 mph (1,001 kph)

1973 – Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge Sirica

1975 – Battle between Cuba & South Africa troops in Angola

1977 – Panamanians vote 2:1 to approve new Canal treaties

1977 – Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces that 34-billion-year-old one-celled fossils, the earliest life forms, had been discovered

1978 – CBS raises LP prices to $8.98

1983 – 400,000 demonstrate in Brussels, against cruise missile

  

1983 – Suicide terrorist truck bomb kills 243 US personnel in Beirut Marine Barracks 

 

 

 

 

 

1988 – Robert Bork’s supreme court nomination rejected by US Senate

1989 – Browns’ Bernie Kosar sets club record with a 97-yard TD pass

  

1991 – Clarence Thomassworn in as Supreme Court Justice

 

 

1991 – Dr Jack Kevorkian’s suicide machine kills 2 women

1993 – 7 killed by IRA-bomb attack in Belfast

1997 – Dow Jones drops 186.88 pts

1998 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a “land for peace” agreement.

2001 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks.

2001 – Apple releases the iPod.

2002 – Moscow Theatre Siege begins: Chechen rebels seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage(see UE 

2004 – A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.

2011 – A powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake strikes Van Province, Turkey, killing 582 people and injuring thousands.

Births

1503 – Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (d. 1539)

1516 – Charlotte de Valois, princess of France (d. 1524)

1543 – Juan de la Cueva, Spain, dramatist

1634 – Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden (d. 1715)

1654 – Johann Bernhard Staudt, composer

1698 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French court architect (Palace de la Concorde)

1705 – Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (d. 1757)

1752 – Nicolas Appert, inventor (food canning, bouillon tablet)

1762 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (d. 1843)

1767 – H Benjamin Constant, [de Rebeque], French politician/writer

1771 – Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)

1788 – Sarah Hale, founder (Seaman’s Aid Society of Boston)

1810 – [Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary (NY Tribune)

1813 – Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer (d. 1848)

1820 – James Monroe Goggin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1889

1824 – Thomas Gamble Pitcher, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1828 – Turner Ashby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1835 – Adlai Stevenson, (D) 23rd VP (1893-97)

1873 – William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (d. 1975)

1875 – Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (d. 1946)

1896 – André Lévêque, French engineer (d. 1930)

 

1905 – Felix BlochSwiss/US nuclear physicist (Nobel 1952)

 

 

1910 – Hayden Rorke, Bkln NY, actor (Dr Bellows-I Dream of Jeannie)

 

1925 – Johnny CarsonCorning Iowacomedian (Tonight ShowWho Do You Trust)

Johnny Carson on politics

Johnny talks about the new fall television season

Betty White and Johnny Carson as Adam and Eve

Johnny Carson is a Politician Taking a Polygraph Test

 

1931 – Diana Dors, [Fluck], Swindon England, actress (Berserk!, Steaming)

1931 – Jim Bunning, Phillies pitcher (perfect Game vs Mets 1965)/(Rep-R-Ky)

1935 – Chi Chi Rodriguez, Rio Piedras PR, PGA golfer (1972 Byron Nelson)

1938 – John Heinz, (Sen-R-PA, 1977- )

1940 – Freddie Marsden, Liverpool, rock drummer (Gerry & The Pacemakers)

1940 – Pelé [Edson Arantes do Nascimento], Três Corações, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Brazilian footballer (Player of the Century – 1281 goals in 1363 games)

1942 – Anita Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)

1942 – Michael Crichton, Chicago, novelist (Andromeda Strain, Congo, Looker), (d. 2008)

1945 – Kim Larsen, Danish singer

1946 – Miklos Nemeth, Hungary, javelin thrower (Olympic-gold-1976)

1948 – Brian Ross, American journalist

1954 – Ang Lee, director (Ice Storm, Wedding Banquet, Sense & Sensibility)

1956 – Dwight Yoakam, Pikeville Ky, country singer (Honky Tonk Man)

1959 – Weird Al Yankovic [Alfred Matthew], California, parody singer (Eat It, UHF, Naked Gun)

1959 – Sam Raimi, actor (Indian Summer, Thou Shalt Not Kill Except)

1960 – Wayne Rainey, American motorcyclist

  

1960 – Randy PauschAmerican computer science professorauthor

 

 

1962 – Christo van Rensburg, South Africa, tennis star

1962 – Doug Flutie, CFL/NFL quarterback (Argonauts, Generals, Bears, Pats)

1965 – Al Leiter, Toms River NJ, pitcher (Florida Marlins, NY Mets)

1965 – Augusten Burroughs, American writer

  

1966 – Alex ZanardiItalian racecar driver

 

  

1972 – Tiffany Milbrett, Portland Oregon, soccer forward (Olympics-96)

1975 – Keith Van Horn, NBA forward (NJ Nets)

1976 – Julie Howard, Brantford ON, 100m/200m backstroker (Olympics-27-92, 96)

1976 – Cat Deeley, English model and television personality

1980 – Jade Davidson, Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1981 – Jeroen Bleekemolen, Dutch racing driver

1984 – Izabel Goulart, Brazilian model

1985 – James Kotecki, American political blogger

 

 

 

Deaths

42 BC – Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman senator (b. 85 BC)

930 – Daigo, Emperor of Japan (b. 885)

1260 – Koetoez, Turkish sultan of Egypt, murdered

1450 – Johannes van Capestrano, Italian saint, dies at 70

1581 – Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1529)

1764 – Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French naval officer (b. 1683)

1799 – William Paca, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 58

1892 – Mehemed Emin Pasja, German explorer, murdered at 52

1899 – W Penn Symons, British gen-maj, dies in battle

1901 – Georg von Siemens, founder (Deutsche Bank), dies

  

1921 – John B DunlopScottish inventor air tire (Dunlop Rubber), dies at 81

 

 

1929 – Thomas F Tout, historian (Manch school of historiography), dies at 74

1935 – Abe Landau, US gangster, murdered

1935 – Dutch Schultz [Arthur Flegenheimer], US gangster, murdered at 33

1935 – Otto “Aba Daba” Berman, US gangster, murdered

  

1939 – Zane GreyUS western writer (Spirit of the Border), dies at 67

 

 

 

1942 – Georg Stumme, German general/commandant of African corps, dies

1944 – Hana Brady, Holocaust victim

1944 – Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)

 

1950 – Al Jolson, [Asa Yoelson], singer/actor (Jazz Singer), dies at 64

 

 

Mammy

Swanee

Camptown Races

Toot Toot Tootsie

 

1963 – Raphael HLAJM Verwilghen, architect/urban developer, dies at 78

1969 – Tommy Edwards, rocker, dies at 47

1976 – Leonard Lee, US R&B-singer (Shirley & Lee-I’m Gone), dies at 40

1978 – Maybelle Carter, country singer (Johnny Cash Show), dies at 69

1983 – Jessica Savage, Margate NJ, newscaster (NBC Weekend), dies at 36

1984 – Oskar Werner, actor (Farenehit 451), dies of a heart attack at 61

1986 – Edward A Doisy Sr, discoverer of vitamin K (Nobel 1943), dies at 92

1996 – Diana Trilling, writer, dies at 91

2002 – Adolph Green, American lyricist and playwright (b. 1915)

2004 – Robert Merrill, American baritone (b. 1919)

2005 – John Muth, American economist (b. 1930)

2007 – John Ilhan, Australian entrepreneur, Crazy John’s mobile phones (b. 1965)

2010 – Leo Cullum, American cartoonist (d. 1942)

2011 – Marco Simoncelli, Italian motorcycle racer (b. 1987)

2011 – John McCarthy, American computer scientist and pioneer in the field of Artificial Intelligence, inventor of the Lisp programming language.(b. 1927)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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