Today In The Past

Events

218 BC – Second Punic WarBattle of the Trebia – Hannibal’s Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Roman Republic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1118 – Alfonso van Aragon occupies Saragossa on Almoraviden

1271 – Kublai Khan renames his empire “Yuan” (元 yuán), officially marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of China.

1352 – Etienne Aubert elected as Pope Innocentius VI

1406 – Anton van Bourgondies becomes duke of Brabant

1603 – Admiral Steven van der Haghens fleet departs to East-Indies

1719 – Thomas Fleet publishes “Mother Goose’s Melodies For Children”

1777 – 1st national Thanksgiving Day, commemorating Burgoyne’s surrender

1783 – English king George III fires government of Portland

1787 – New Jersey becomes 3rd state to ratify constitution

1793 – Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.

1796 – 1st US newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor)

1799 – George Washington’s body interred at Mount Vernon

1813 – British take Ft Niagara in War of 1812

1839 – 1st celestial photograph (of Moon) made in US, John Draper, NYC

1849 – William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope

1862 – Battle at Lexington, Tennessee (Forrest’s Second Raid)

1878 – French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanellen, 210 killed

 

 

 

1878 – John Kehoethe last of the Molly Maguires is executed in Pennsylvania.

 

 

 

 

 

1888 – Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Indian ruins of Mesa Verde.

1898 – Automobile speed record set-63 kph (39 mph)

1900 – The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic.

1912 – The Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is supposedly found in the Piltdown Gravel Pit, by Charles Dawson.

1920 – 1st US postage stamps printed without the words United States or US

1936 – 1st giant panda imported into US

1936 – Su-Lin, 1st giant panda to come to US from China, arrives in SF

1939 – Finnish army recaptures Agläjärvi

1941 – German submarine U-434 sinks

1941 – Japanse troops land on Hong Kong

 

 

 

1944 – Destroyers “Hull,” “Spence” & “Monaghan” sink in typhoon (Philippines)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants

1958 – 1st voice from space: recorded Christmas message by Eisenhower

1961 – Britain’s EMI Records originally rejects the Beatles

1961 – For 2nd cons year, AP names Wilma Rudolph female athlete of year

1961 – Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila Warriors scores 78 points vs LA

1963 – Clarke runs world record 10k (28:15.6)

1964 – “The Pink Panther” cartoon series premieres (Pink Phink)

1964 – During services held for Sam Cooke fans caused damage to Funeral Home

1965 – Borman & Lovell Splash down in Atlantic ends 2 week Gemini VII mission

 

 

 

1966 – Dr Seuss‘ “How the Grinch Stole Christmas” airs for 1st time on CBS

 

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1966 – Saturn’s moon Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker.

1969 – Britain abolishes death penalty

1970 – Polish uprising fails

1971 – People United To Save Humanity (PUSH) forms by Jesse Jackson in Chic

1971 – US dollar devalued 7.9% in Holland ($1=Ÿ3,245)

1972 – US begins its heaviest bombing of North Vietnam

1976 – Soviet dissident Viktor Bukovski exchanged for Chile CP-leader Corvalan

1979 – Stanley Barrett 1st to exceed land sonic speed (739.666 MPH)

1980 – IRA’s Sean McKenna becomes critically ill, ends hunger strike

1985 – UN Security Council unanimously condemns “acts of hostage-taking”

1986 – Mr Gates, serves as acting director of CIA

1987 – Ivan F Boesky sentenced to 3 years for insider trading

 

 

 

1989 – “I Love Lucy” Christmas episodeshown for 1st time in over 30 years

 

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1991 – General Motors announces closing of 21 plants

1993 – Kevin Scott skates world record 1K (1:12.54)

1996 – The Oakland, California school board passes a resolution officially declaring “Ebonics” a language or dialect.

1997 – HTML 4.0 is published by the World Wide Web Consortium.

1999 – NASA launches into orbit the Terra platform carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.

2002 – 2003 California recall: Then Governor of California Gray Davis announces that the state would face a record budget deficit of $35 billion, roughly double the figure reported during his reelection campaign one month earlier.

 

 

 

Births

1507 – Ōuchi YoshitakaJapanese warlord (d. 1551)

 

 

 

 

 

1562 – Philipp Dulichius, composer

1610 – Charles Du Fresne Du Cange, French scholar/philologist

1620 – Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (d. 1668)

1633 – Willem van de Velde the Young, Dutch seascape painter, baptised

1635 – Antonius Matthaeus, Dutch lawyer/historian

1661 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor (d. 1751)

1707 – Charles Wesley, co-founder (Methodist movement)

1779 – Joseph Grimaldi, England, pantomimist (“greatest clown in history”)

1811 – Alexander Sandor Asboth, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1816 – Alfred Elzey Jones, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1871

1819 – Yakov Petrovich Polonsky, Russian poet (Stichotvorenija)

1825 – Charles Griffin, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1826 – Mercer Brooke John, (Confederate Navy), died in 1906

1835 – George Dashiell Bayard, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1835 – Lyman Abbott, American author (d. 1922)

1844 – Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist

1851 – Graciano Lopez Jaena, Filipino hero, orator and satirist (d. 1896)

1856 – Joseph John Thomson, England, physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906)

1863 – Franz Ferdinand, archduke of Austria (Sarajevo/WW I)

1878 – Joseph Stalin [Josef], Gori, Russian Empire, Premier of the Soviet Union (1941-1953), (d. 1953)

1879 – Paul Klee, Münchenbuchsee Switzerland, Swiss/German abstract painter (Twittering Machine)

1886 – Ty Cobb, American baseball player, Colo, batted .367, stole 892 bases (Det Tigers) (d. 1961)

 

 

 

1888 – Robert Mosespower broker (built Long Island & NYC parks & roads)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1890 – Edwin Howard Armstrong, NYC, radio pioneer inventor (FM)

1897 – Fernand J Collin, Belgian economist/banker

1907 – Bill Holland, American auto racer (d. 1984)

1912 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr., American General (d. 2002)

 

 

 

1913 – Alfred BesterUSscience fiction author (DecieversStarlight)

 

 

 

 

 

1913 – Willy Brandt, [Herbert Frahm], German chancellor (1969-74, Nobel 1971)

1914 – Jerry Zipkin, socialite

1915 – Dario Mangiarotti, Italy, fencing, gold, 2 silver (Olympic-1948, 52)

1916 – Betty Grable, St Louis, great legs/actress (Gay Divorcee)

1917 – Ossie Davis, Cogdell GA, actor/playwright (Hot Stuff, Man Called Adam)

1927 – Ramsey Clark, US attorney General (1967-69)

1931 – Alison Plowden, English historian (d. 2007)

1933 – Arthur Leigh Allen, Suspected Zodiac serial killer (d. 1992)

1934 – Boris Valentinovich Volynov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 21)

1935 – Jacques Pépin, French chef

1936 – Malcolm Kirk, English professional wrestler (d. 1987)

1939 – Michael J Moorcock, England, sci-fi author (Alien Heat, Bull & Spear)

1939 – Harold E. Varmus, American scientist, Nobel laureate

1941 – Sam Andrew, rocker (Big Brother & Holding Company-Cheap Thrills)

1941 – Wadada Leo Smith, American trumpeter and composer

1943 – Keith Richards, England, rock guitarist (Rolling Stones-Brown Sugar)

1945 – Carolyn Wood, US, 4 X 100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1960)

1946 – Stephen (Steve) Biko, South African anti-apartheid activist

1946 – Steven Spielberg, Cincinnati, director (ET, Close Encounters, Jaws)

1947 – Eddie Antar, founder/CEO (Crazy Eddie Electronics Store)

1948 – Bryan “Chas” Changler, Newcastle, rock bassist (Animals)

1948 – Bill Nelson, English musician (Be Bop Deluxe)

1950 – Leonard Maltin, NYC, movie critic (Entertainment Tonight)

1950 – Randy Castillo, American drummer (Ozzy Osbourne) (d. 2002)

1951 – Andrew S Thomas, Adelaide Australia, PhD/astronaut (STS 77, STS 89/91)

1953 – Elliot Easton, [Elliot Shapiro], Brooklyn NY, rock guitarist (Cars)

1954 – Ray Liotta, Newark NJ, actor (Sacha-Casablanca, Goodfellas)

1956 – Reinhold Ewald, Germany, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-25)

1956 – Ron White, American comedian

1960 – Kazuhide Uekusa, Japanese economist

1961 – Brian Orser, Canada, figure skater (Olympics-Silver-88)

1963 – Charles Oakley, NBA forward (NY Knicks)

1963 – Brad Pitt, Shawnee, Oklahoma, American actor (12 Monkeys, Fight Club)

1965 – Brian Walton, Ottawa Ontario, points race cyclist (Olympics-silver-96)

1965 – Mick Collins, American musician (The Gories, The Dirtbombs)

1966 – Aaron Jones, NFL defensive end (NE Patriots)

1966 – Kiefer Sutherland, actor (Young Guns, Stand by Me, Lost Boys)

1966 – Tracy Byrd, country singer

1968 – Casper Van Dien, actor (Starship Troopers)

1971 – Barkha Dutt, Indian journalist

1975 – Michael Barry, Toronto, Ontario, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1975 – Trish Stratus, Canadian professional wrestler

1978 – Naomi Lang, Arcata California, dance skater (& Peter Tchernyshev)

1978 – Katie Holmes, American actress

1980 – Christina Aguilera, American singer (Genie in a Bottle, What a Girl Wants)

1985 – Hana Soukupová, Czech supermodel

1987 – Miki Andō, Japanese figure skater

1987 – Ayaka, Japanese singer

 

 

Deaths

468 – Huna Mari bar Mar Zutra, rabbi, executed in Pumpedita

821 – Theodulf, Bishop of Orléans

1133 – Hildebert, French writer

1290 – King Magnus I of Sweden (b. 1240)

1442 – Pierre Cauchon, French Catholic bishop (b. 1371)

1495 – King Alphonso II of Naples (b. 1448)

1505 – John IX van Horne, prince-bishop of Lieges, executed

1565 – Benedetto Varchi, Italian humanist/historian (L’Ercolano), dies at 62

1633 – Theodoor Galle, Flemish engraver, buried at 62

1638 – Le Pere Joseph, French mystic, dies

 

 

 

1737 – Antonio Stradivarirenowned violin-makerdies in Cremona Italy at 93

 

 

 

 

1751 – Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, builder (Nepomukkerk, Prague), dies at 62

1799 – Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (b. 1725)

1829 – Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck, French naturalist, dies at 85

1843 – Thomas Graham, Lord Lynedoch, British Viceroy of India (b. 1748)

1848 – Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)

1862 – Johnson Kelly Duncan, architect/Confederate brig-generaal, dies at 35 of malarial fever

1892 – Richard Owen, English zoologist (Dinosaurus), dies at 88

 

 

 

1919 – John Alcockpilot (1st non-stop over Atlantic), dies in crash at 27

 

 

 

 

 

 

1931 – John T “Legs” DiamondUS gangstermurdered at 35

 

 

 

 

 

1948 – Janet Fay, hammered to death by Honeymoon Killers

1971 – Bobby Jones Jr, amateur golfer (Grand Slam 1930), dies at 69

1977 – Louis Untermeyer, poet/critic/TV panelist (What’s My Line), dies at 92

1980 – Alexei N Kosygin, Soviet PM (1964-80), suffers heart attack at 76

1990 – Anne Revere, actress (National Velvet), dies of pneumonia at 87

1992 – Mother Clare Hale, cared for NYC AIDS babies (Hale House), dies at 87

1993 – Sam Wanamaker, actor (Pvt Benjamin), dies of prostate cancer at 74

1994 – Lilia Skala, Austrian/US actress (Ship of Fools, Caprice), dies at 98

1994 – Peter Hebblethwaite, English editor-in-chief (The Month), dies at 64

1994 – Roger Apéry, Greek-French mathematician (b. 1916)

1995 – Ross Thomas, author, dies at 69

1997 – Chris Farley, comedian (SNL, Tommy Boy), dies at 33

1998 – Lev Demin, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1926)

1999 – Robert Bresson, French film director (b. 1907)

2000 – Stan Fox, American race car driver (b. 1952)

2000 – Randolph Apperson Hearst, son of W. Randolph Hearst and father of Patty (b. 1915)

2000 – Kirsty MacColl, English singer and songwriter (b. 1959)

2004 – Anthony Sampson, British journalist and biographer (b. 1926)

2005 – Alan Voorhees, American engineer and urban planner (b. 1922)

2006 – Joseph Barbera, American cartoonist (b. 1911)

2006 – Ruth Bernhard, American photographer (1905)

2007 – Jack Linkletter, American television host, son of Art Linkletter (b. 1937)

2008 – Majel Barrett, American actress and producer of Star Trek, also the widow of Gene Roddenberry (b. 1932)

2008 – Mark Felt, the infamous Deep Throat, American FBI official and whistle blower during the Watergate Scandal (b. 1932)