Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1287 – King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca

1377 – Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.

1501 – Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna

1524 – Beginning of Giovanni da Verrazzano’s voyage to find a passage to China.

1562 – Edict of St Germain recognizes Huguenots in France

1595 – French King Henri IV declares war on Spain

1605 – First publication of Don Quixote.

1656 – Brandenburg & Sweden sign Treaty of Königsberg

1718 – Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53

1746 – Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces.

 

 

 

1773 – Capt James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33′ S)

 

 

 

 

 

1775 – 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol

1779 – Capt Cooks last notation in ship’s log Discovery

1799 – Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, was executed.

1821 – Mexico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas

1827 – Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander

1852 – British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)

1861 – Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)

1862 – -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington

1863 – Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia

1864 – General Longstreet’s command ends heavy fighting at Dandridge TN

1871 – 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)

1873 – A group of Modoc warriors defeat the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.

1874 – Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction

 

 

 

1885 – Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan

 

 

 

 

 

1893 – -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)

1899 – US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific

1911 – Failed assassination attempt on premier Briand in French Assembly

1912 – Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen

1915 – Antoni van Leeuwenhoek’s Hospital in Amsterdam opens

1916 – Professional Golfer Association (PGA) forms in NYC

1917 – US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)

1928 – 1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented

1929 – Popeye makes 1st appearance, in comic strip “Thimble Theater”

1934 – Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated

1944 – Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean

1945 – Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation

1945 – Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work

1945 – Liberation of Warsaw by Soviet troops (end of Nazi occupation)

 

 

 

1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenbergcredited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazisarrested by secret police in Hungary

 

 

 

 

 

1946 – United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting

1947 – Muiden Neth ammunition factory explodes, 16 die

1948 – Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC

1949 – The Goldbergs, the first sitcom on American television, first airs.

1950 – The Great Brinks Robbery – 11 men rob $1.2M cash & $1.5M securities from armored car company Brink’s offices in Boston, Massachusetts

1955 – Submarine Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage

1957 – 9-county commission recommends creation of BART

1961 – Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo’s Lumumba

1961 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the “military-industrial complex”.

1962 – A NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690 m

1963 – Joe Walker takes X-15 to altitude of 82 km

1963 – Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 67 points vs LA

1966 – Martin Luther King Jr opens campaign in Chicago

1968 – Soyuz 4 & 5 completed 1st docking of 2 manned spacecraft

1969 – Beatles release Yellow Submarine album in UK

1969 – Debut album of Led Zeppelin released in US

1970 – 357 baseball players are available in the free-agent draft

1970 – Sporting News names Willie Mays as Player of the Decade for the 1960s

1971 – Super Bowl V: Balt Colts-16, Dallas Cowboys-13 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Chuck Howley, Dallas, LB

1972 – Section of Memphis’ Highway 51 South renamed Elvis Presley Blvd

1979 – Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi flees Iran

1980 – NASA launches Fltsatcom-3

1981 – Philippino president Marcos ends state of siege

1982 – “Cold Sunday” in the United States would see temperatures fall to their lowest levels in over 100 years in numerous cities.

1983 – Alabama Gov George C Wallace, becomes governor for record 4th time

1983 – Nigeria expels 2 million illegal aliens, mostly Ghanaians

1984 – Supreme Court rules (5-4) oks private use of home VCRs to tape TV programs for later viewing does not violate federal copyright laws

1987 – Pres Reagan signs secret order permitting covert sale of arms to Iran

1989 – Gunman opens fire in California schoolyard; 5 students slain, 30 wounded

1989 – Murden & Metz are 1st women to reach South Pole overland (on skis)

1990 – 5th Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Awards: Bobby Darin

1990 – Who, Simon & Garfunkel, 4 Seasons, 4 Tops, Hank Ballard, Platters & Kinks inducted into Cleveland’s Rock & Roll Hall of Fame

1991 – Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles on Israel

1991 – Operation Desert Storm: 1st US pilot shot down (Jeffrey Zahn)

1991 – Harald V becomes King of Norway on the death of his father, Olav V.

1993 – Russian Irina Privalova cycles world record 300m indoor (35.45″)

1994 – 6.6 Earthquake hits Los Angeles killing 60, $30B in damage

1995 – 7.2 earthquake destroys Kobe Japan (5,372 die)

1995 – Australia beat Australia A 2-0 to win the World Series Cup

1998 – Pres Clinton faces sexual harrament charges from Paula Jones

2002 – Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.

2010 –  Penang dragon boat accident occurs in Penang, Malaysia

 

 

 

Births

1342 – Philip, the Bold, duke of Burgundy

1463 – Frederick III, the Wise, elector of Saxony (1486-25), protector Luther

1484 – George Spalatin, German reformer (d. 1545)

1501 – Leonhard Fuchs, Germany, botanist (History of Plants)

1504 – Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri] saint, pope (1566-72)

1560 – Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (d. 1624)

1612 – Thomas Fairfax, Lord Fairfax, English Parliamentary general

1683 – Gerard van Loon, Dutch historian

1686 – Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)

 

 

 

1706 – Benjamin FranklinBoston, Mass., kite flyer/statesman/wit/inventor, (d. 1790)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1719 – William Vernon, American merchant (d. 1806)

1732 – Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)

1759 – Paul Cuffe, Mass, merchant/shipbuilder/black nationalist

1761 – James Hall, Scotland, geologist

1771 – Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)

1806 – James Madison Randolph, (Jefferson’s grandson) 1st born in White House

1828 – Lewis Addison Grant, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1918

1851 – A. B. Frost, American illustrator (d. 1928)

1863 – David Lloyd George, (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)

1863 – Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)

1864 – Lucien Herr, France, scientist (Corresp entre Schiller et Schiller)

1865 – Gen Sir Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1951)

1871 – David Earl Beatty British admiral (d. 1936)

1880 – Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)

1881 – Alfred R Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders)

1881 – Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)

1884 – Noah Beery, US actor (Mark of Zorro, Sea Wolf)

 

 

 

1886 – Glenn Luther Martinaviator (Collier Trophy1933)

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Norman “Squab” Read, US aviator who lived to be 101

1897 – Marcel Petiot, French mass murderer (d. 1946)

1899 – Al Capone, Italy, gangster (Chicago bootlegging)

1899 – Nevil Shute [Norway], London, novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice)

1899 – Robert Maynard Hutchins, US, educator/civil libertarian

1900 – Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts

1905 – Franz Schmid, Germany, ascended northside of Matterhorn (1931)

1911 – Luis W Alvarez, US, physicist (sub atomic, Nobel 1968) [or Jun 13]

1920 – Nora Kaye, NYC, prima ballerina

1922 – Betty White, Oak Park, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Golden Girls)

1922 – Nicholas Katzenbach, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, lawyer (US Attorney General), (d. 2012)

1925 – Edgar Ray Killen, American convict, former preacher and K.K.K. member

1926 – Moira Shearer, Dunfermline Scotland, ballerina (Red Shoes)

1927 – Eartha Kitt, singer/actress (Catwoman-Batman)

1927 – Dr Tom Dooley, American humanitarian (d. 1961)

1928 – Vidal Sassoon, London, hair stylist/CEO (Vidal Sasson), (d. 2012)

1929 – Jacques “Jake the Snake” Plante, Quebec, NHL goaltender (#1)

1930 – Bill Benyon, English large landowner/Conservative Lower house leader

1931 – James Earl Jones, Miss, actor (Darth Vader, Exorcist II, Soul Man)

1931 – L Douglas Wilder, (Gov-D-Va)

1933 – Aga Khan, religious leader (Muslims)

1933 – Bruno Schroder, British baron/banker/multi-millionaire

1933 – Sheree North, [Dawn Bethel], LA, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show)

1935 – Paul O[sborne] Williams, US, sci-fi author (Ends of the Circle)

1938 – John Bellairs, US, sci-fi author (Chessmen of Doom)

1939 – Maury Povich, TV host (Current Affair, Maury)/Mr Connie Chung

1939 – Toini Gustafson, Sweden, 5K/10K cross country skier (Oly-gold-1968)

1940 – H Kipchoge “Kip” Keino, Kenya, 1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1968, 72)

1942 – Muhammad Ali [Cassius Clay], Louisville Kentucky, heavyweight champ boxer (1964-7 74-8)

1942 – Nancy Parsons, American actress (d. 2001)

1947 – Jane Elliot, NYC, actress (Baby Boom, Gen Hospital, Knots Landing)

1947 – Todd Susman, St Louis Mo, actor (Goodnight Beantown)

1948 – Mick Taylor, rock bassist (Rolling Stones-Brown Sugar)

1951 – Rolando Thoeni, Italy, slalom (Olympic-bronze-1972)

1952 – Larry Fortensky, former husband of Liz Taylor (7th)

1954 – Janet Dykman, Monterey Park California, archer (Olympics-1996)

1954 – Robert F Kennedy Jr, attorney (Natural Resources Defense Council)

1955 – Steve Earle, San Antonio Tx, country singer (Guitar Town)

1956 – David Caruso, actor (NYPD Blue, Michael Hayes)

1957 – Donna Stone, NJ, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1957 – Steve Harvey, American actor, comedian and radio personality

1957 – Michel Vaarten, Belgian cyclist

1958 – Jez Strode, rocker (Kajagoogoo)

1959 – Susanna Hoffs, actress/rocker (Bangles-Walk Like an Egyptian)

1962 – Jim Carrey, Ontario Canada, actor (Living Color, Dumb & Dumber, Mask)

1962 – Sebastian Junger, American journalist and author

1966 – Rexton Gordon, Jamaican dj/rapper (Shabba Ranks-Extra Naked)

1967 – Filippo Raciti, Italian police officer (d. 2007)

1970 – Genndy Tartakovsky, Russian-born animator

1971 – Peter Winter, Australian decathlete (Olympics-96)

 

 

 

1971 – Kid RockAmerican singer

 

 

All Summer Long

Roll On

FAT BOTTOMED GIRLS

 

 

 

 

1971 – Richard Burns, English rally driver (d. 2005)

1971 – Youki Kudoh, Japanese actress

1971 – Ann Wolfe, female boxer

1974 – Sharon Marie Ferris, NZ, yachter (Olympics-96)

1980 – Zooey Deschanel, American actress

1980 – Kimberly Spicer, American model

1982 – Dwyane Wade, American basketball player

1983 – Andrea Lowell, American Model

1983 – Rick Kelly, Australian racing driver

1985 – Simone Simons, Dutch singer (Epica)

 

 

 

Deaths

395 – Theodosius I, the Great, Spanish emperor of Rome, dies at 49

1103 – Frutolf, German monk/musicologist/historian, dies

1119 – Boudouin VII Hapkin, count of Flanders, dies

1229 – Albert, Bishop of Riga/Albert of Buxhoeveden, founder of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword, dies at about 68

1369 – King Peter I of Cyprus (murdered) (b. 1328)

1468 – Skanderbeg, Albanian leader (b. 1405)

1598 – Fyodor I Tsar of Russia (b. 1557)

1617 – Pieter C Bockenberg, Dutch historian, dies at 68

1617 – Faust Vrančić, Croatian inventor (b. 1551)

1661 – Andres Malong, Philippines rebel leader, executed

1702 – Thomas Franklin, English smith/uncle of B Franklin, dies [OS=Jan 6]

1705 – John Ray, English naturalist (b. 1627)

1718 – Captain Benjamin Church, Plymouth Colony settler and military leader

1737 – Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (b. 1662)

1833 – William Rush, Indians sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill), dies

1834 – Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (b. 1762)

1861 – Lola Montez, Irish-born adventurer (b. 1821)

1884 – Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (b. 1804)

1893 – Rutherford B Hayes, 19th US Pres (1877-81), dies in Fremont Ohio at 70

1910 – Thomas Crapper, inventor (flush toilet), dies

1910 – Wilhelm F Kohlrausch, Germ physicist (Additiviteitsregel), dies at 69

1927 – Juliette Gordon Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA (b. 1860)

 

 

 

1932 – Albert Jacka, VC, Australian soldier (b. 1893)(see UE births 1.10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – Louis Comfort Tiffany, American artist and designer (b. 1848)

1938 – William H Pickering, astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79

1942 – Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (b. 1884)

1947 – Pyotr Krasnov, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1869)

1961 – Patrice Lumumba, African revolutionary, murdered 

1977 – Gary Gilmore, executed in Utah, 1st US execution since 1967

1992 – Frank Pullen, English businessman and racehorse owner (b. 1915)

1994 – Grady “Fats” Jackson, tenor Sax Player, dies at 66

1994 – Helen Stephens, American 100m runner and double Olympic champion, dies at 75

1994 – Yevgeny Ivanov, Soviet spy involved in the Profumo affair (b. 1926)

1996 – Barbara Charline Jordan, politician, dies at 59

1996 – Amber Hagerman, American namesake of the Amber Alert system (b. 1986)

1997 – Clyde William Tombaugh, discoverer (Pluto), dies at 90

1998 – Emil Sitka, actor (3 Stooges shorts), dies of stroke

2003 – Richard Crenna, American actor (b. 1926)

2004 – Ray Stark, American stage and film producer (b. 1915)

2004 – Noble Willingham, American actor (b. 1931)

2005 – Charlie Bell, Australian fast food executive (b. 1960)

2005 – Albert Schatz, American microbiologist (b. 1920)

2005 – Zhao Ziyang, Premier of the People’s Republic of China (b. 1919)

2006 – Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (b. 1925)

2007 – Art Buchwald, American humorist (b. 1925)

2008 – Bobby Fischer, American chess player (b. 1943)

2011 – Don Kirshner, American composer (b. 1934)

2012 – Johnny Otis, R&B musician and talent scout, known as the godfather of rhythm and blues, dies at 90.