Today In The Past

 

 

Events

457 – Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.

1074 – Battle of Montesarchio in which the prince of Benevento, Pandulf IV, is killed battling the encroaching Normans.

 

 

 

1238 – The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1301 – Edward of Caernarion (later Edward II) becomes 1st prince of Wales

1522 – Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish/Austrian Branches

1569 – King Philip II forms inquistion in South America

1639 – Academie Francaise begins Dictionary of French Language

1795 – 11th Amendment to US Constitution ratified, affirms power of states

1812 – 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri

1812 – Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords

1839 – Henry Clay declares in Senate “I had rather be right than president”

1842 – Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.

1862 – Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC

1863 – HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.

1864 – Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida

1872 – Alcorn A & M College opens

1876 – Pres Grants private-secretary Orville acquitted in Whiskey Ring

1877 – 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)

 

 

 

1881 – Battle at IngogoTransvaalBoers beat superior British forces(8th)

 

 

 

 

 

1882 – Last bare knuckle champion John L Sullivan KOs Paddy Ryan in Miss

1883 – Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger

1889 – Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in SF

1891 – Great Blizzard of 1891 begins

1894 – The Cripple Creek miner’s strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.

1900 – British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal

1904 – Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks)

1907 – The Mud March was the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) at Venice”

1914 – Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, SF

1915 – 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received

1915 – 2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army

1928 – 1st solo England to Australia flight takes off (Bert Hinkler)

1935 – Monopoly invented by Charles Darrow symbol Rich Uncle Pennybags

1936 – Felix the Cat, Cartoon Character, by Van Beuren from Otto Messmer

1940 – British railroads nationalized

1940 – Walt Disney’s 2nd feature-length movie, “Pinocchio,” premieres (NYC)

1941 – Frank Sinatra & Tommy Dorsey orchestra record “Everything Happens to Me”

1942 – 1st indoor 15′ pole vault (Cornelius Warmerdam 15′ 3/8″)

1943 – Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)

1944 – Bing Crosby records “Swinging on a Star” for Decca Records

1944 – Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio Italy

1945 – General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila

1945 – Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court

1945 – US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer

1946 – Filibuster in US Senate kills FEPC bill

1947 – Arabs & Jews reject British proposal to split Palestine

1948 – Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as Army Chief of Staff

1949 – Joe DiMaggio becomes 1st $100,000/year baseball player (NY Yankees)

1956 – Autherine Lucy, 1st black admitted to U of Alabama, is expelled

1958 – 1st showing of DAF 600 auto

1958 – Dutch auto-transmission car DAF 600 introduced

1959 – Cessna lands in Las Vegas after 65 d without landing (refuels in air)

1959 – Dorothy Rigney sells White Sox to Bill Veeck for a reported $27M

1960 – Old handwriting found in at Qumran, near the Dead Sea

1962 – Gas explosion in Luisanthal coal mine Voelklingen Germany kills 298

1962 – President Kennedy begins blockade of Cuba

1962 – Sam Snead wins LPGA Royal Poinciano Plaza Golf Invitational

1962 – The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.

1964 – Baskin-Robbins introduces Beatle Nut ice cream

1964 – Beatles land at NY’s JFK airport, for 1st US tour

1965 – Cassius Clay becomes a Muslim & adopts the name Muhammad Ali

1965 – Operations begin at Grupo Folklorico Antiyano on Curacao

1965 – US begins regular bombing & strafing of N Vietnam

1967 – A fire at a restaurant in Montgomery, Alabama kills 25 people.

1969 – “This Is Tom Jones,” debuts on ABC TV

1969 – Diane Crump becomes 1st woman jockey at a major US racetrack (Hialeah)

1969 – The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is removed from service.

1970 – LSU’s “Pistol” Pete Marovich scores 69 pts in losing cause

1970 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn

1970 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood

1971 – Swiss men accept female suffrage

1974 – Grenada gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1974 – Mel Brooks’ “Blazing Saddles” opens in movie theaters

1976 – FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WCPR (Bkln NY)

1976 – World’s largest telescope (600 cm) begins operation (USSR)

1977 – Soyuz 24 launches with 2 cosmonauts

1978 – Ethiopian offensive in Ogaden desert

1979 – “Supertrain,” TV Anthology, Superbomb of 1979, debuts on NBC

1979 – Pink Floyd premiered their live version of “The Wall” in Los Angeles

1983 – 1st female secretary of transportation sworn-in (Elizabeth Dole)

 

 

 

1984 – Bruce McCandless makes 1st untethered space walk (US)

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – David (born without immunity system) at 12, touches mom for 1st time

1985 – Marshall U’s Bruce Morris scores a basket from 92’5″

1986 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Debi Thomas

1986 – Haiti’s President-for-Life Jean-Claude Duvalier flees to France Henri Namphy becomes leader of Haiti

1986 – Philippine Corazon Aquino defeats incumbent dictator Ferdinand Marcos but fraudulent returns gave the election to Marcos

1987 – Dennis Conner & Stars & Stripes bring America’s Cup back to US

1987 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano

1989 – Tennis superstar Bjorn Borg, apparently attempts suicide in Milan

1990 – USSR Communist party agrees to allow opposition political parties

1990 – Lisa Leslie of Morningside HS in Inglewood California scores 101 in 1st half, South Torrance HS decides not to play 2nd half & loses 102-24

1991 – Jean-Bertrand Aristide sworn in as Haiti’s 1st elected president

1991 – The IRA launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.

1994 – Howard Stern stops a would-be jumper on the George Washington Bridge

1998 – 18th Winter Olympic games open at Nagano Japan

2009 – Bushfires in Victoria left 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia’s history.

 

 

 

Births

1102 – Empress Matilda, Princess of England and wife of Henry V of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1169)

1478 – Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author (d. 1535)

1556 – Maria van Nassau, Dutch countess of Buren

1589 – Jacob de Witt, Dutch mayor (Dordrecht)/mathematician

1612 – Thomas Killigrew, English humorist/playwright/leader (King’s Men)

1693 – Anna Ivanova Romanova, empress of Russia (1730-40) [NS]

1700 – Philippe Buache, French geographer/cartographer (Contourlijnen)

1740 – Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/MP

1801 – John Rylands, England, merchant/philanthropist

 

 

 

1804 – John Deerepioneer manufacturer of agricultural implements

 

 

 

 

 

1812 – Charles Dickens, England, novelist (Oliver Twist, Tale of 2 Cities)

1817 – Leroy Pope Walker, US lawyer/Confederate minister of War (1861)

1824 – William Higgins, discoverer (nature of spiral nebulae)

1834 – Dmitri I Mendelejev, Russian chemist (Periodic Table)

1837 – James Augustus Henry Murray, Scotland, created Oxford Dictionary

1862 – Bernard Maybeck, US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, SF)

1867 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, Wisc, kid book author (Little House on Prarie)

1870 – Alfred Adler, Austria, psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)

1883 – Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist

1885 – Sinclair Lewis, novelist/social critic (Main Street, Nobel 1930)

 

 

 

1887 – Eubie BlakeAmerican musician ,ragtime composer ,pianist  (d. 1983)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1902 – Ethelda Blebtrey, Waterford NY, 100m swimmer (Olympic-gold-1920)

1905 – Ulf Svante von Euler, Sweden, physiologist (Nobel 1970)

1906 – Henry P’u-i, last emperor of China, puppet emperor of Manchukuo

1906 – Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)

1907 – Yevgeniy Abalakov, Soviet mountaineer (d. 1948)

1910 – Buster Crabbe, 400m US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932)

1914 – David Ignatow, US poet (Tread the Dark, Rescue the Dead)

1920 – Eddie Bracken, Astoria NYC, actor (Summer Stock, Young & Willing)

1921 – Bryan Woods, soldier/clerk

1923 – Martha Holmes, American photographer (d. 2006)

1924 – Dora Bryan, [Broadhurst], Southport England, actress (Taste of Honey)

1924 – Hattie Jacques, Kent England, actress (Carry on Doctor)

1926 – Konstantin Petrovich Feokistov, USSR, cosmonaut (Voskhod I)

1932 – Alfred M Worden, Jackson Michigan, Colonel USAF/astronaut (Apollo 15)

1932 – Gay Talese, author (Honor Thy Father)

1934 – Earl King, [Solomon Johnson], rocker

1934 – King Curtis, [Curtis Ousley], US vocalist (Memphis Soul Stew)

1945 – Pete Postlethwaite, actor (The Boxer)

1948 – Jimmy Greenspoon, LA Cal, rock organist (3 Dog Night-Joy to the World)

1949 – Alan Lancaster, bassist (Status Quo-Down Down, On the Level)

1950 – Marilyn Cochran, Burlington Vt, skier (Olympics-1972)

1951 – Manfred Schumann, German FR, bobsled (Olympic-silver/bronze-1976)

1956 – Emo Philips, American comedian

1956 – Mark St. John, American musician (Kiss) (d. 2007)

1958 – Michele Drake, La Jolla CA, playmate (May, 1979)

1958 – Matt Ridley, British science writer

1959 – Brian Travers, rock saxophonist (UB40-Red Wine)

1960 – James Spader, NYC, actor (Endless Love, Wall St, Mannequin)

1960 – Steve Bronski, rock synthesizer (Bronski Beat-Smalltown Boy)

1962 – Garth Brooks, Tulsa Oklahoma, country vocalist (No Fences, Double Live)

1964 – Cynthia “Sippy” Woodhead, Riverside California, swimmer (Olympic-silver-84)

1964 – Dona L Speir, Norwalk California, playmate (March, 1984)

1965 – Jason Gedrick, Chicago IL, actor (Heavenly Kid, Class of ’96)

1966 – Chris Rock, comedian (SNL, CB4, Boomerang)

1967 – Joseph Tilford Leigh Greene, Dayton Ohio, long jumper (Oly-br-92, 96)

1967 – Richie Burnett, Welsh darts player

1972 – Alex Bassi, American race car driver

1973 – Billy Baumhoff, St Louis MO, soccer midfielder/forward (Oly-gold-96)

1975 – Wes Borland, American guitarist (Limp Bizkit)

1977 – Christine Scheels, New Berlin Wis, speed skater (Olympics-1994)

1977 – Hillary Wolf, Chicago, extra lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1983 – Christian Klien, Austrian racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

590 – Pelagius II, Gothic Pope (579-90), dies from plague

999 – Boleslaus II of Bohemia

1045 – Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (b. 1009)

1317 – Robert, Count of Clermont, French founder of the House of Bourbon (b. 1256)

1560 – Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (b. 1493)

1609 – Ferdinand I, cardinal/ruler of Toscane, dies

1626 – William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)

1736 – Stephen Gray, English astronomer and scientist (b. 1666)

1799 – Qianlong, Emperor of China (b. 1711)

1823 – Ann Radcliffe (Ward), English poet/author of horror novels, dies at 58

1865 – John Henry Winder, US Confederate brig-gen/provost marshal, dies at 64

1871 – Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, piano manufacturer (Steinway & Sons) (b. 1797)

1897 – Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (Ferrari), dies at 49

 

 

 

1919 – William HalfordAmerican naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1841)

 

 

 

 

HALFORD, WILLIAM Photo

 

 

 

 

1920 – Alexander Koltsjak, adm/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed

1920 – Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (b. 1874)

 

 

 

1921 – Peter KropotkinRussian Prince/geologist/revolutionaryanarchistdies at 78

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – Elihu Root, US min of War/Foreign affairs (Nobel 1912), dies at 91

1938 – Harvey Firestone, American manufacturer, dies at 69

1948 – “Red” McKenzie, blues-jazz singer (played comb-with-tissue-paper), dies

 

 

1959 – EddieGuitar Slim” Jones bluesmandies at 32

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1960 – Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist, dies at 57

1964 – Hermann A J Kees, German egyptologist, dies at 77

1967 – Henry Morgenthau, US minster of Finance (devaluate dollar), dies at 74

1979 – Josef Mengele, concentration camp doctor, drowns

1980 – Secondo Campini, Italian jet pioneer (b. 1904)

1985 – Matt Monro, English singer (b. 1932)

1988 – Lin[wood V] Carter, US, sci-fi writer (Lost World of Time), dies at 57

1990 – Jimmy Van Heusen, composer (Call Me Irresponsible), dies at 77

1990 – Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (b. 1905)

 

 

 

1991 – Amos Yarkonilegendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – Richard Bissell, US under director of CIA (Pig’s Bay), dies at 84

1995 – Massimo Pallottino, Ital archaeologist (Etruscologia), dies at 86

1996 – George Lowthian Trevelyan, designer/visionary, dies at 89

1996 – Phillip Davidson, US Army general (b. 1915)

1998 – Lawrence Sanders, American author (b. 1920)

1999 – King Hussein of Jordan (b. 1935)

2000 – Dave Peverett, English musician (Foghat, Savoy Brown) (b. 1943)

2001 – Dale Evans, American actress and singer (b. 1912)

2001 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and aviator (b. 1906)

2002 – Jack Fairman, British racing driver (b. 1913)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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