Today In The Past

 

 

Events

752 BC – Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women.

86 BC – Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.

286 – Roman Emperor Diocletian raises Maximian to the rank of Caesar.

293 – Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy

317 – Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares

492 – St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

705 – John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope

743 – Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited

918 – Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht

 

 

 

1260 – Hulagu Khangrandson of Genghisconquerors Damascus

 

 

 

 

 

1382 – French Maillotin uprises against taxes

1420 – Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the hussieten

1457 – The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

1562 – Blood bath at Vassy: Gen de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder

1565 – Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

1587 – English parliament leader Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower

1628 – Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.

1633 – Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

1634 – Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians

1642 – Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city

1692 – Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrest for witchcraft (Salem, MA)

1780 – Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)

1781 – Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation

1790 – 1st US census authorized

1803 – Ohio becomes 17th state

1845 – President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

1847 – Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)

1854 – German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.

1864 – Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)

1864 – Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree

1866 – Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana

1867 – Howard University, Washington DC, chartered

1867 – Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)

1872 – Yellowstone becomes world’s 1st national park

1873 – E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.

1875 – Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883

1896 – Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia

1896 – Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.

1910 – 3 passenger trains buried at Steven’s Pass in Cascade Range. 118 die. Worst snow slide in US history

1912 – Capt Albert Berry performs 1st parachute jump from an airplane

1912 – Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC

1913 – 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

1913 – Federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)

1916 – Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic

1927 – Bank of Italy becomes a Natl Bank

1932 – Charles Lindbergh Jr (20 months), kidnapped in NJ; found dead May 12

1933 – Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks

1934 – Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

 

 

 

1936 – The Hoover Dam is completed.

 

 

 

 

 

1936 – A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen’s Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.

1937 – 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)

1937 – US Steel raises workers’ wages to $5 a day

1939 – Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.

1940 – Richard Wright’s novel “Native Son” is published

1941 – “Captain America” appears in a comic book

1941 – Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp

 

 

 

1942 – 3 day Battle of Java Sea endsUS suffers a major naval defeat

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Fieldmarshal Kesselring succeeds von Rundstedt as commander

1945 – US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach

1946 – British government takes control of Bank of England, after 252 years

1947 – International Monetary Fund begins operation

1949 – Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champ

1949 – The Browns, owners of Sportsman’s Park, move to evict the Cardinals

1950 – Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Formosa

1950 – Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London)

1953 – Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open

1953 – Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

1954 – 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US house of reps injuring 5 reps

1954 – Rebellion during visit of pres Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die

1954 – Ted Williams fractures collarbone in 1st game of spring training after flying 39 combat missions without injury in Korean War

1955 – Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48

1956 – The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.

1957 – Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor

1961 – President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corp

1962 – American Airlines 707 plunges nose 1st into Jamaica Bay NY killing 95

1962 – K-Mart opens

1963 – 200,000 French mine workers strike

1965 – Australia suspends champ swimmer Dawn Fraser for 10-yrs for misconduct

1965 – Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex (La Salle, Quebec)

1966 – Ba’ath-party takes power in Syria

1966 – Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)

1967 – House of Reps expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116)

1968 – NBC’s unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return

1968 – Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting

1968 – Singers Johnny Cash (36) & June Carter (38) wed

1969 – Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast

1970 – End of US commercial whale hunting

1970 – White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain

1971 – Bomb attack on the Capitol in Wash DC

1972 – Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points

1973 – Robert Joffrey Dance Company opens

1973 – Robyn Smith becomes 1st female jockey to win a major race

1975 – Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.

1977 – Bank of America adopts the name VISA for their credit cards

1978 – Charlie Chaplin’s coffin was stolen from a Swiss cemetery

1981 – Bobby Sands, IRA member, begins 65-day hunger strike (he dies)

1981 – Irish Rep Army Bobby Sand begins hunger strike in Maze Prison

1982 – NY Times raises it’s price from 25 cents to 30 cents

1982 – Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus, sends back data

 

 

 

1983 – Tamara McKinney becomes 1st US woman skier to win the World Cup

 

 

 

 

 

1983 – Tornado tears through LA, injuring 33 people

1984 – Landsat 5 & ham satellite Oscar 11 launched into polar orbit

1985 – Milwaukee businessman Herb Kohl purchases the Milwaukee Bucks

1985 – Pentagon accepts theory that atomic war would cause a nuclear winter

1989 – Ben Johnson’s coach testifies Johnson began using steroids in 1981

1989 – Comet du Toit at perihelion

1990 – Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

1991 – US Embassy in Kuwait officially reopens

1992 – Jenny Thompson swims 100m freestyle world record (1:01.40)

1993 – Authorities in Waco, Texas negotiate with Branch Davidians

1993 – George Steinbenner is reinstated as owner of NY Yankees

1994 – Senate rejects a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution

1996 – Lenny Wilkens, winningest coach in NBA, coaches his 1,000th victory

1996 – New toll-free 888 area code introduced

2000 – Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.

2002 – The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the euro (€).

2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.

2002 – The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).

2003 – Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.

2004 – Terry Nichols is convicted of state murder charges and being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.

2006 – English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.

2007 – Tornadoes swarm across the southern United States, killing at least 20; eight of the deaths were at a high school in Enterprise, Alabama.

2012 – Euro zone unemployment reaches historical high of 10.7%

 

 

 

Births

40 – Martial, Latin poet (d. 102)

772 – Po Tjiu-i, Chinese poet/governor of Hang-tsjow

1432 – Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal (d. 1455)

1445 – Sandro Botticelli, Florentine Renaissance painter (Birth of Venus), probable date of birth

1494 – Il Bacchiacca, [Franceso Ubertini], Italian painter

1597 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652)

1610 – Johann B Schup, [Schuppius], German poet/historian

1610 – John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)

1732 – William Cushing, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States. (d. 1810)

1760 – François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)

1807 – Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)

1810 – Frederic Chopin, Poland, composer/pianist (Concert in F Minor) [NS]

1811 – Robert Christie Buchanan, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1878

1812 – Augustus Pugin, English-born architect (d. 1852)

1820 – George Davis, Atty Gen (Confederacy), died in 1896

1822 – Albin Francisco Schoepf, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886

1822 – Charles Champion Gilbert, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

1828 – James Fleming Fagan, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1893

1831 – Hiram Bronson Granbury, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1841 – Blanche Kelso Bruce, Virginia, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881)

 

 

 

1848 – Augustus Saint-GaudensUSsculptor/designer (1907 $20 gold piece)

 

 

 

 

 

1860 – Suzanna Salter, 1st US female mayor/temperance leader

1880 – Lytton Strachey, biographer/critic (Benson Medal 1923)

1885 – Lionel Atwill, English/US actor (Mystery of the Wax Museum)

1893 – Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)

 

 

 

1903 – Leon Bismarck “Bix” BeiderbeckeIowajazz cornetist (In a Mist)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1904 – Glenn Miller, bandleader (Glenn Miller Orchestra-In the Mood)

1910 – David Niven, London UK, actor (Casino Royale, The Pink Panther)

1910 – Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)

1914 – Ralph  Ellison, US writer (Invisible Man, Shadow & Cast)

1917 – Dinah Shore, Winchester Tenn, singer (See the USA in a Chevrolet)

1917 – Robert Lowell, poet/pacifist (Lord Weary’s Castle, Near the Ocean)

1920 – Howard Nemerov, US, 3rd US poet laureate/novelist (Blue Swallows)

1921 – Terrence “Cardinal” Cooke, (NY)

1922 – William M Gaines, publisher (MAD Magazine)

1922 – Yitzak Rabin, premier (Israel, 1992-95, Nobel 1994)

1924 – Donald “Deke” Kent Slayton, Sparta Wisc, Major USAF/astro (Apollo 18)

1926 – Cesare Danova, Rome Italy, actor (Garrison’s Gorillas)

1926 – Pete Rozelle, NFL commissioner (1960-89)

1926 – Robert Clary, Paris France, actor (LeBeau-Hogan’s Heroes)

1927 – Harry Belafonte, Harlem NYC, calypso singer (Buck & the Preacher)

 

 

 

1927 – Robert Heron Borkjudgenominated for supreme court, (d. 2012)

 

 

 

 

 

1928 – Seymour Papert, South African mathematician

1929 – Sonny James, singer (Young Love, Running Bear)

1930 – Raymond St Jacques, actor/director (Cotton Comes to Harlem, Mr Moses)

1933 – Joan Hackett, NY, actress (Will Penny, One Stone Pony)

1935 – Judith Rossner, author (Looking for Mr Goodbar)

1935 – Robert Conrad, [Conrad R Falk], Chicago, actor (Wild Wild West)

1938 – Michael J[oseph] Kurland, US, sci-fi author (Infernal Device)

1940 – David Broome, Show Jumper (world champ-1970)

1941 – Michael L Lampton, Williamsport Pa, astronaut

1942 – Jerry Fischer, rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

1942 – Peter Guber, producer (Flashdance)

1942 – Richard Bowman Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

1943 – Mauro Checcoli, Italy, 3 day equestrian (Olympic-gold-1964)

1943 – Wolfgang Scheidel, German DR, luge (Olympic-gold-1972)

1943 – Gil Amelio, American venture capitalist

1943 – Richard H. Price, American physicist

1943 – Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist

1944 – Dirk Benedict, Helena Mont, actor (A-Team, Battlestar Galactica)

1944 – Mike D’Abo, rock vocalist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)

1944 – Roger Daltrey, English rocker/actor/producer (The Who-Tommy)

1946 – Lana Wood, [Svetlana Gurdin], Santa Rosa California, (Diamonds are Forever)

1946 – Tony Ashton, Blackburn England, rocker (Ashton, Gardner & Dyke)

1947 – Alan Thicke, Ontario, actor/host (Thicke of the Night, Growing Pains)

1948 – Burning Spear, [Winston Rodney], Jamaican reggae singer

1949 – Sido Martens, Dutch guitarist/singer/mandolin player (Fungus)

1953 – Ron Howard, Oklahoma, actor/director (American Graffiti, Happy Days)

1954 – Catherine Bach, Warren Oh, actress (Daisey Duke-Dukes of Hazzard)

1955 – Jimmy Fortune, Newport News Va, singer (Statler Bros-Class of ’57)

1956 – Mark Todd, UK, NZ equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-96)

1958 – Bertrand Piccard, Swiss balloonist and psychiatrist

1961 – Mike Rozier, NFL halfback (Heisman Trophy-1983, Houston, Atlanta)

1962 – Bill Leen, rocker (Gin Blossoms)

1963 – Robert James Affuso, Newburgh NY, rock drummer (Skid Row-Psycho Love)

1964 – Jennifer McCarters, Sevierville Tn, singer (McCarters-The Gift)

1969 – Javier Bardem, Spanish actor

1969 – Dafydd Ieuan, Welsh drummer (Super Furry Animals)

1971 – Allen Johnson, Wash DC, long jumper/110m hurdler (Olympics-gold-96)

1971 – Tyler Hamilton, Marblehead Mass, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1977 – Rod White, Sharon Pa, archer (Olympics-gold-1996)

 

 

 

1977 – Esther CañadasSpanish actress and supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Ana HickmannBrazilian supermodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Will Power, Australian racing driver

1984 – Naima Mora, American model

1994 – Justin Bieber, London Ontario, Canadian pop singer (Baby, One Time)

 

 

 

Deaths

589 – Saint David, Patron Saint of Wales (b. 500)

965 – Leo VIII, Italian (anti-)Pope (963-65), dies

986 – King Lothair of France (b. 941)

1131 – Stephen II, King of Hungary (1116-31), dies

1244 – Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)

1383 – Amadeus VI, (Green Earl), earl of Savoy, dies at 49

1510 – Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier, explorer and 1st Viceroy of India dies at Table Bay, Africa at about 59

1546 – George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)

1697 – Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)

1706 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)

1768 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)

1773 – Luigi Vanvitelli, [Louis van Wittel], Italian architect, dies at 72

1792 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1747)

1826 – J J Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect/archaeologist, dies at 59

1862 – Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)

1865 – Anna Paulowna Romanova, great monarch of Russia, dies at 70

1884 – Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)

1892 – Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist, dies at 60

1896 – Albertone, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle

1896 – Arimondi, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle

1896 – Vittorio Dabormida, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle

1898 – George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India, author (b. 1825)

1911 – Jacobus H van ‘t Hoff, Dutch chemist/physicist (Nobel 1901), dies at 58

1920 – Joseph Trumpeldor, killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack

1932 – Frank Teschemacher, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1906)

1942 – George S. Rentz, Navy Chaplain (b. 1882)

1944 – … Formans, director Milos Formans mother, dies in Auschwitz

1947 – J Boogaard, nazi collaborator, executed

1963 – Jorge Daponte, Argentine racing driver (b. 1923)

1966 – Fritz Houtermans, German physicist (b. 1903)

1974 – Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (b. 1935)

1979 – Molla Mustafa Barzani, Iranian Kurd leader (KDP), dies at 75

 

 

 

1980 – Wilhelminahigh-fashion model and owner of model agency (b. 1940)

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – Jackie Coogan, actor (Uncle Fester-Addams Family), dies at 69

1985 – Eugene List, US concert pianist, dies at 66

1988 – Joe Besser, comedian (3’s Stooges, Abbott & Costello), dies at 80

1991 – Edwin H Land, inventor (Polaroid Camera), dies at 81

1993 – Luis Kutner, US co-founder (Amnesty International), dies at 84

1995 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian TV-journalist, murdered at 38

2005 – Peter Malkin Israeli secret agent (b. 1927)

2006 – Harry Browne, American politician and author (b. 1933)

 

 

 

2012 – Andrew BreitbartAmerican conservative blogger and publisher, dies at 43

 

Andrew Breitbart was my friend

The Legacy of Andrew Breitbart: A Warrior and a Friend

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