Today In The Past

Events

483 – St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

607 – 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1138 – German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned

1519 – Cortez lands in Mexico

1567 – Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger

1569 – Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots

1591 – Battle at Tondibi: Moroccans army under Judar beats sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai

1677 – Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000

1781 – Sir William Herschel sees “comet” (really discovered Uranus)

1852 – Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly

1865 – Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers

1865 – US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service

1868 – Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson’s impeachment trial

 

 

 

1884 – Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins

 

 

 

 

 

1887 – Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs

1888 – Great Blizzard of 1888 rages

1894 – J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate

1897 – San Diego State University is founded.

1900 – British troops occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State

1900 – In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.

1913 – Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

1915 – Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit

1921 – Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China

1925 – Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution

1930 – Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory

1933 – Banks reopen

1933 – Josef Goebbels becomes German minister of Information & Propaganda

1935 – Driving tests introduced in Great Britain

1943 – Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

1949 – US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman

1949 – US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1950 – General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record)

1951 – Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany

1954 – Braves’ Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron

 

 

 

1954 – Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on Dien Bien Phu

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba

1961 – Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

1961 – Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender

1962 – Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty

1963 – 2 Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska

1965 – Jeff Beck replaces Eric Clapton of the Yardbirds

1967 – Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death

1969 – Apollo 9 returns to Earth

1970 – Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer

1980 – Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:13.60)

1980 – Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto

1981 – Attempt on Pope John Paul II by Mehemet Ali Agca

1982 – Ice Dance Championship at Copenhagen won by Torvill & Dean (GRB)

1982 – Ice Pairs Championship at Copenhagen won by Baess & Thierbach (GDR)

1982 – Men’s Fig Skating Champions in Copenhagen won by Scott Hamilton (USA)

1982 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skate Champs in Copenhagen won by Elaine Zayak (USA)

1982 – Elaine Zayak, lands 6 triple jumps to win world skating championship

1985 – Michael Secrest (US) begins 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards

1986 – Microsoft has its Initial public offering.

1987 – John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering

1989 – 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown

1991 – Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines & cleanup of Valdez oil spill

1992 – FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12)

1992 – Martina Navratilova & Judy Nelson settle their galamony suit

1993 – Blizzard of ’93 hits north-east US

1996 – Dunblane massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by a spree killer who then commits suicide.

1997 – The Phoenix lights were seen over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television. They are now a hotly debated controversy.

2003 – Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.

2005 – Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.

2008 – Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.

2012 – Encyclopedia Britannica announces that it will no longer publish printed versions of its encyclopedia

 

 

Births

1372 – Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)

1548 – Sasbout Vosmeer, Dutch Catholic theologist/apostole

1683 – John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)

1696 – Louis F A D Duke de Richelieu, French marshal

1719 – John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)

1720 – Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)

1733 – Joseph Priestly, England, clergyman/scientist (discovered oxygen)

1764 – Charles Earl Grey, (Whig), British PM (1830-34)

1770 – Daniel Lambert, England, giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death)

1818 – Albion Parris Howe, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897

1820 – Louis Herbert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

 

 

 

1855 – Percival “Percy” LowellUS astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto)

 

 

 

 

 

1886 – John “Home Run” Baker, hall of famer (hit 2 HR in 1911 world series)

1904 – Henry Iliffe Cozens, pilot

1908 – Walter Annenberg, Milwaukee, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide)/Amb to GB

1911 – L[aFayette] Ron Hubbard, sci-fi writer/scientologist (Dianetics)

1912 – James Friell, political cartoonist

1913 – Sammy Kaye, saxophonist (Swing & Sway with Sammy Kaye)

1913 – William J Casey, headed CIA during Iran-contra scandal (1981-87)

 

 

 

1914 – Edward O’HareAmerican pilot (d. 1943)

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Allan Jaffee, comic strip cartoonist/illustrator (MAD Magazine)

1923 – William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)

1925 – Roy Haynes, US jazz drummer (Trio Music with Chick Corea)

1926 – Raul Alfonsín, Argentine pres (1983-89) (or 3/12/1927)

1929 – Peter Breck, Rochester NY, actor (Black Saddle, Big Valley, Benji), (d. 2012)

1929 – Walter Medio, race horse trainer

1933 – Mike Stoller, composer (Lieber & Stoller-Hound Dog, Charlie Brown)

1935 – Michael Walzer, American philosopher

1936 – Clarence Nash, animation voice (Donald Duck)

1938 – Joseph Bellino, footballer (1960 Heisman Trophy)

1939 – Neil Sedaka, Bkln NY, singer/songwriter (Breaking Up is Hard to Do)

1942 – Dave Cutler, American software engineer

1945 – Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician

1946 – Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier (d. 1976)

1949 – Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (d. 1974)

1950 – Joe Bugner, Hungarian/British/Australian boxer (European Champ 1971)

1950 – William H Macy, Miami FL, actor (Homicide, Water Engine)

1950 – Charles Krauthammer, American political commentator

1951 – Fred Berry, St Louis Mo, actor (Rerun-What’s Happening)

1953 – Deborah Raffin, LA California, actress (Ransom, Demon, 40 Carats)

1954 – Robin Duke, Toronto Canada, comedienne (SNL, SCTV, Club Paradise)

1955 – Glenne Headly, New London CT, actress (Dick Tracy, Making Mr Right)

1955 – Olga Rukavishnikova, USSR, pentathlete (Olympic-silver-1980)

1956 – Dana Delany, NYC, actress (Colleen McMurphy-China Beach, Exit to Eden)

1958 – Debi Nicolle Johnson, Torrance California, playmate (October, 1984)

1959 – Kathy Hilton, socialite-Hilton Hotels, mother of Nikki Hilton and Paris Hilton

1960 – Adam Clayton, Oxfordshire, rock bassist (U2-I Will Follow)

1967 – Colleen Rosensteel, S Greensburg PA, heavyweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1971 – Annabeth Gish, American actress

1971 – Robert Lanham, American author and satirist

1974 – Corinna Broiz, Garberville Colo, lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1974 – Thomas Enqvist, Stockholm Sweden, tennis star (1991 Wimbledon jr boys)

1977 – Ed Sloan, American musician (Crossfade)

1978 – Tom Danielson, American cyclist

1978 – Karina Smirnoff, Ukrainian dancer

1987 – Marco Andretti, American racecar driver (grandson of Mario Andretti)

 

 

Deaths

1202 – Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies

1271 – Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)

1395 – John Barbour, Scottish poet

1516 – Vladislav II Jagiello, king of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60

1558 – Jean Fernel, French physician/physiologist, dies

1619 – Richard Burbage, English actor (Shakespeare), dies

1773 – Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)

1803 – William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)

 

 

 

1842 – Henry ShrapnelBritish soldier and inventor (b. 1761)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1879 – Adolf Anderssen, German world champ chess (1851..66), dies at 60

1881 – Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62

1884 – Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)

1901 – Benjamin Harrison, 23rd pres (1889-1893), dies in Indianapolis at 67

1906 – Susan Brownell Anthony, American suffragist, dies at 85

1911 – Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80

 

 

 

1911 – John J. ToffeyAmerican Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)

 

TOFFEY, JOHN J. Photo

 

 

 

 

1938 – Clarence S Darrow, Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at 80

1938 – Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)

1941 – A Coenradi, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1941 – Bernard Ijzerdraat, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1941 – E Hellendoorn, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1941 – Isaak E Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46

1941 – J Eyl, Dutch resistance fighter, executed

1943 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)

1949 – Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)

1963 – Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)

 

 

 

1964 – Kitty Genovesestabbed to death in Queens40 neighbors looked on

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)

1971 – Rockwell Kens, US artist/painter/illustrator, dies at 88

1972 – Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)

1977 – Fanie Lou Hamer, freedom fighter, dies

1977 – Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison

1982 – Wilfred Hawker, Suriname sgt-major, executed

1983 – Louison Bobet, French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55), dies at 58

1986 – Alvaro Fayad Delgado, Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies

1990 – Bruno Bettelhelm, Austrian/US psychoanalyst, commits suicide at 86

1991 – Jimmy McPartland, US, jazz cornetist, dies

1993 – Ralph Smith Fults, US gangster (Bonnie & Clyde gang), dies at 82

1994 – Danny Barker, US banjo player/guitarist (Bourbon St Black), dies at 85

1994 – Edward James “Murt” O’Donoghue, snooker player

1995 – Leon Day, pitcher (Negro Leagues), dies of heart failure at 78

1998 – Hans von Ohain, German engineer (b. 1911)

1999 – Lee Falk, American cartoonist (b. 1911)

1999 – Garson Kanin, American writer and director (b. 1912)

2006 – Maureen Stapleton, American actress (b. 1925)

2006 – Robert C. Baker, Inventor of the chicken nugget (b. 1921)

2010 – He Pingping, the world’s shortest man who was able to walk. (b. 1988)

2011 – Owsley Stanley, Sound Engineer for The Grateful Dead and renowned LSD manufacturer (b. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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