Today In The Past

 

 

Events

44 BC – Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.

221 – Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself emperor of Shu-Han and claims his legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty.

351 – Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.

493 – Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy

933 – Battle at Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyaren

1311 – Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.

1360 – France invasion army lands on English south coast, conquers Winchel

1382 – Conservative “Popolo Grasso” regain power in Florence Italy

1391 – Jew hating Monk in Seville Spain stirs up people to attack Jews

1493 – Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after 1st new world voyage

1545 – First meeting of the Council of Trent.

1560 – Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise France

1580 – Spanish king Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of prince Willem of Orange

1672 – King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence

1729 – Sister St Stanislas Hachard, 1st US nun, takes her vows, N Orleans

1778 – Nootka Sound, Vancouver Is discovered by Capt Cook

 

 

 

1781 – Battle of Guilford Court HouseSC (British suffer heavy losses)

 

 

 

 

 

1783 – In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New YorkGeorge Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh ConspiracyThe plea is successful and the threatened coup d’etat never takes place.

 

 

 

 

 

1820 – Maine admitted as 23rd state

1827 – Freedom’s Journal, 1st Black newspaper, publishes

1827 – University of Toronto is chartered

1848 – A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.

1862 – Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN

1864 – Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, LA

1867 – Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university

1869 – Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team

1875 – 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested

1887 – 1st salaried fish & game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)

 

 

 

1889 – 6 US & German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa200 die

 

Ships At Anchor Before The Hurricane

 

German Corvette Olga


SMS Adler

 

 

 

German Warship Eber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1892 – 1st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (NYC)

1892 – NY State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)

1897 – 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden

1901 – Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th

1906 – Brits Rolls, Royce & Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd

1912 – Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins

1913 – 1st presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)

1915 – Neth merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed & sinks in North Sea

1916 – Gen Pershing, 15,000 troops chasing Villa into Mexico, stays 10-mos

1919 – American Legion forms (Paris)

1923 – Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke

1930 – 1st seaplane glider flown, Port Washington, NY

1930 – 1st streamlined submarine of US navy, USS Nautilus, launched

1937 – 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)

1941 – Blizzard in ND kills 151

1943 – Red Army evacuates Kharkov

 

 

 

1944 – Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators

1945 – Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)

1947 – John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy

1952 – Greatest 24-hr rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean

1954 – “CBS Morning Show” premieres with Walter Cronkite & Jack Paar

1955 – US Air Force unveils self-guided missile

1957 – 3rd nation to explode a nuclear bomb (Britain)

1959 – Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s

 

 

 

1960 – Key Largo(PennekampCoral Reef Preserve established (1st underwater park)

 

 

 

 

 

1960 – National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated

1962 – 5 research groups announce simultaneously discovery of anti-matter

1962 – Donald Jackson of Canada, is 1st to land a triple lutz ice skate jump

1962 – Wilt Chamberlain is 1st to score 4,000 pts in an NBA season

1964 – LBJ asks for a War on Poverty

1965 – T.G.I. Friday’s 1st restaurant opens in NYC

1966 – Racial riots erupt in the Watts section of Los Angeles

1968 – Bob Beamon sets indoor long jump record (27’2-3/4″)

1968 – LIFE mag calls Jimi Hendrix “most spectacular guitarist in the world”

1968 – US Mint stops buying & selling gold

1969 – US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigns

1969 – Violent Chinese-Russian border dispute leaves 100s dead

1971 – Chatrooms make their debut on the Internet

1972 – Assassination attempt on governor George Wallace of Alabama

1972 – NASA selects 3 part configuration for Space Shuttle

1975 – Bundy victim Julie Cunningham disappears from Vail, Colo

1977 – “Eight is Enough” premiers on ABC-TV

1977 – US House of Reps begin 90 day test of televising its sessions

1978 – -21] operation Litani: Israeli offensive in South Lebanon

1982 – Nicaragua suspends their citizens rights for 30 days

1985 – The first Internet domain name is registered (symbolics.com).

1986 – Funeral services held for Swedish PM Olaf Palme

1988 – Eugene Marino of Atlanta, appointed 1st African American archbishop

1988 – NASA reports accelerated breakdown of ozone layer by CFK

1989 – Dept of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position

1989 – NY Rangers retire goalie Eddie Giacomin’s #1 uniform

1991 – 4 LA police are charged with beating Rodney King

1991 – Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record 6.14m (20 feet 1 3/4)

1992 – UN officially embarks on its largest peacekeeping operation

1999 – Pluto again becomes outermost planet

2004 – Announcement of the discovery of 90377 Sedna, the farthest natural object in the Solar system so far observed.

 

 

 

Births

76 – HadrianRoman Emperor (builder of Hadrian’s Wall)

 

 

 

 

 

938 – Romanos II, Byzantine emperor (d. 963)

1275 – Margaret Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1318)

1493 – Anne Pierre Adrien duke of Montmorency, marshal of France

1591 – Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)

1638 – Shunzhi Emperor of China

1666 – George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden). Died 1738

1713 – Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, astronomer who mapped the So Hemisphere

 

 

 

1767 – Andrew JacksonCarolinasGeneral/(D7th pres (1829-37)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1790 – Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)

1801 – Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer

1811 – Robert Allen, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1886

1813 – John Snow, English epidemiologist (d. 1858)

1821 – Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)

1821 – Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)

1830 – Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)

1831 – Edward Aylesworth Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1835 – John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)

1854 – Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)

1858 – Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding)

1866 – Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)

1868 – Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)

1873 – Lee Shubert, producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him)

1874 – Harold L Ickes, social activist, New Deal politician

1887 – Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)

1892 – James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)

1901 – J Pat O’Malley, England, actor (Touch of Grace, Gunn, Star!)

1905 – Berthold Schenck von Stauffenberg, attempted to assassinate Hitler

1905 – Joe E Ross, comedian (Gunther Toody-Car 54, Ritzik-Phil Silvers Show)

1907 – Jimmy McPartland, jazz trumpeteer/actor (Magic Horn)

1912 – Duncan Stuart Wilson-MacDonald, fighter pilot

 

 

 

1912 – Lightnin‘ [SamHopkinsTexasblues guitarist (Lightnin’s Blues)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1913 – Jack Fairman, British racing driver (d. 2002)

1914 – Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)

1916 – Geert Lubberhuizen, publisher (Busy Bee)1916 – Harry James, Albany Ga, trumpeter (married to Betty Grable)

1920 – Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)

1920 – E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1923 – George Vogel, race horse trainer

1923 – Laurence A Tisch, NYC, CEO (Loews Corp)

1924 – Juij Bondarew, writer

1926 – Norm Van Brocklin, NFL QB/coach (LA Rams), hall of famer

1927 – Carl Smith, Maynardville Tn, country singer (Grand Ole Opry)

1927 – Philip Vincent Belloc Jebb, architect

1930 – Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1932 – Alan Lavern Bean, Wheeler Texas, Capt USN/astronaut (Ap 12, Skylab 3)

1932 – David Alliance, Iran/British textile factory/multi-millionaire

1933 – Cecil Perceval Taylor, composer/jazz pianist (U of Wisconsin)

1935 – Jimmy Lee Swaggart, evangelist

1935 – Judd Hirsch, Bronx, actor (Alex-Taxi, Dear John, Ordinary People)

1940 – Phil Lesh, [Chapman], California, rock bassist (Grass Roots, Grateful Dead)

1941 – Mike Love, California, rock saxophonist/vocalist (Beachboys-In My Room)

1943 – David Cronenberg, Toronto Ontario, director (Shivers, Fly, Brood)

1944 – David Costell, Pitts, rocker (Gary Lewis & the Playboys-Diamond Ring)

1944 – Sly Stone, Dallas, rocker (Sly & the Family Stone-Everyday People)

1945 – Jorgen Sundelin, Sweden, yachtsmen (Olympic-gold-1968)

1946 – Bobby Bonds, baseball player (Giants, Yankees, etc)

1946 – Howard Scott, San Pedro Cal, rock guitarist/vocalist (War, Cisco Kid)

 

 

 

1947 – Ry[land] CooderLAblues guitarist (Crossroads)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 – Tomas Pettersson, Sweden, cyclist (Olympic-silver-1968)

1955 – Dee Snider, Massapequa NY, (Twisted Sister-We’re Not Gonna Take It)

1957 – Park Overall, Tenn, actress (Laverne-Empty Nest, Mississippi Burning)

1959 – Renny Harlin, Finnish film director

1961 – Fabio [Lanzoni], Italy, romance novels model (Fabio After Dark)

1962 – Terrence Trent D’Arby, NYC, rock vocalist (Wishing Well)

1963 – Bret Michaels, Harrisburg Pa, guitarist (Poison-Talk Dirty to Me)

1968 – John Tardy, US heavy metalist (Obituary, Slowly We Rot)

1968 – Mark McGrath, American musician (Sugar Ray)

1968 – Jon Schaffer, American guitarist (Iced Earth)

1971 – Penny Lancaster, English model

1974 – John “Beatz” Holohan, American musician

1975 – Will.i.am, American musician

1976 – Jennifer 8. Lee, American journalist

1978 – Takeru Kobayashi, Japanese competitive eater

1978 – Sid Wilson, American musician (Slipknot)

1979 – Kevin Youkilis, American baseball player

1985 – Antti Autti, Finnish snowboarder

1985 – Tom Chilton, British racing driver

 

 

Deaths

44 BC – Julius Caesar, Roman military and political figure, is stabbed to death at 55

220 – Cao Cao, King of Wei (b. 155)

493 – Odiaker (Odoacer), German army leader/King of Italy (476-93), murdered

752 – Zachary, Greek/Italian Pope (741-52), dies [or Mar 22]

963 – Romanus II, Byzantine emperor (959-63), dies at 25

1034 – Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies

1145 – Pope Lucius II

1311 – Walter V of Brienne, Duke of Athens at the Battle of Halmyros

1670 – John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (b. 1597)

 

 

 

1881 – Emory UptonUS Union Major-Gen (Selma), commits suicide at 42

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (b. 1819)

1898 – Henry Bessemer, English metallurgist (b. 1813)

 

 

 

1929 – Pine-Top Smithjazz pianist (Boogie Woogie Piano), dies at 24

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1937 – H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (b. 1890)

1951 – John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)

1966 – Abe Saperstein, founder (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 63

1975 – Aristotle S Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, dies at 69

1983 – Rebecca West, English writer (b. 1892)

1990 – Tom Harmon, NFL tail back (Heisman Trophy), dies at 70

1990 – Farzad Bazoft, Iranian-born journalist (hanged) (b. 1958)

1991 – Budd [Lawrence] Freeman, US jazz saxophonist (Eel), dies at 84

1994 – Mae Zetterling, Swedish actress (Night Games), dies at 68

1995 – Florence Chadwick, American swimmer, dies at 86

2003 – Paul Stojanovich, Reality TV pioneer (b. 1956)

2004 – Sir William Pickering, New Zealand-born space scientist (b. 1910)

2004 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1925)

2005 – Shoji Nishio, Japanese martial artist (b. 1927)

2007 – Charles Harrelson, American hitman and father of Woody Harrelson (b. 1938)

2007 – Bowie Kuhn, American commissioner of baseball (b. 1926)

2008 – Mikey Dread,Jamaican singer (b. 1954)

2009 – Ron Silver, American actor (b. 1946)

2011 – Nate Dogg, American rapper, Nathaniel Dwayne Hale. (b. 1969)

2011 – Smiley Culture, British reggae singer, David Victor Emmanuel. (b. 1962)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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