Today In The Past

 

 

Events

597 BC – Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.

1079 – Iran adopts solar Hijrah calendar

1190 – York Progrom: Jews living in York, England, besieged in Clifford’s Tower and massacred or commit sucide rather than submit to baptism

1249 – The Servite Order is officially approved by Cardinal Raniero Capocci, papal legate in Tuscany.

 

 

 

1322 – The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.

 

 

 

 

 

1345 – Holy spirit glides above fire: “the miracle of Amsterdam” (legend)

1521 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches Philippines

1527 – Battle at Khanua: Mogol Emperor Babur beats Rajputen

1621 – Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Mass

1689 – The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.

1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden is shot Count Anckarström at a masked ball at the Opera; he dies on March 29.

 

 

 

1802 – Law signed to establish US Military Academy (West Point, NY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1802 – US army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)

1818 – Second Battle of Cancha Rayada – Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.

1830 – New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)

1833 – Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman grad of a pharmacy college

1836 – Texas approves a constitution

1850 – Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Scarlet Letter” published

1861 – Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union

1861 – Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy.

1862 – Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles

1865 – Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)

1867 – First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in The Lancet.

1869 – Hiram R Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

1881 – Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts

1882 – US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross

1900 – Sir Arthur Evans finds old city of Knossus

1910 – Barney Oldfield uses a Benz to break the existing records at Daytona Beach Road Course (131.25mph)

1912 – Mrs William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Wash DC

1915 – Brit battle cruisers Inflexible & Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelle

1916 – US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty

1926 – Robert Goddard launches 1st liquid fuel rocket, goes 184′ (56 meters)

1930 – USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a natl shrine

1934 – Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act

1939 – Germany occupies Czechoslovakia

1940 – German air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow

1941 – Blizzard hits North Dakota & Minnesota killing 60

 

 

 

1945 – Allies secure Iwo Jima

 

 

 

 

 

1945 – Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers.

1947 – Convair Liner, 1st US twin-engine pressurized airplane, tested

1955 – President Eisenhower upheld the use of atomic weapons in case of war

1962 – 1st launching of Titan 2-rocket

1964 – Paul Hornung & Alex Karras reinstated in NFL after 1 year suspension

1968 – My Lai massacre occurs (Vietnam War); 450 die

1968 – Robert Kennedy announces presidential campaign

1968 – General Motors produces its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado.

1972 – John & Yoko are served with deportation papers

1974 – 1st performance at new Grand Ole Opry House at Opryland in Nashville

1975 – US Mariner 10 makes 3rd & final fly-by of Mercury

1977 – US president Carter pleads for Palestinian homeland

1978 – Amoco Cadiz spills 223,000 tons of crude oil off French coast

1978 – Red Brigade kidnaps former premier Aldo Moro in Italy, 5 killed

1978 – US Senate accepts Panama Canal treaty

1984 – Gunmen kidnap William Buckley, CIA station chief in Beirut

1985 – Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson taken hostage in Beirut

1985 – Denny McLain, pitcher; convicted of racketeering, sentenced to 25 yrs

1991 – 7 of Reba McEntire band members are killed in a plane crash

1991 – Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Munich won by Kristi Yamaguchi

1992 – Matt Keough, in the dugout, is hit flush in the head by a batted ball

1994 – Tonya Harding pleads guilty to felony attack on Nancy Kerrigan

1995 – Dow-Jones hits record 4069.15

 

 

 

1997 – Sandline affairOn Bougainville Islandsoldiers of commander Jerry Singirok arrest Tim Spicer and his mercenaries of the Sandline International.

 

 

 

 

 

2003 – The largest coordinated worldwide vigil takes place, as part of the global protests against Iraq war.

2005 – Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.

 

 

Births

1338 – Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick (d. 1401)

1445 – Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (d. 1510)

1473 – Henry IV the Pious, Duke of Saxony (d. 1541)

1581 – Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch historian and writer (d. 1647)

1634 – Contessa Marie Madeleine La Fayette, novelist

 

 

 

1739 – George ClymerUS merchant (signed Decl of IndConstitution)

 

 

 

 

 

1750 – Caroline Lucretia Herchel, Hanover, Germany, 1st mod woman astronomer

 

 

 

1751 – James MadisonPort Conway Va, (D-R), 4th US president (1809-17)

 

 

 

 

 

1787 – Georg Simon Ohm, physicist (discovered Ohm’s Law)

1802 – George Archibald McCall, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1806 – Norbert Rillieux, inventor (sugar refiner)

1812 – Henry Dwight Terry, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869

1822 – John Pope, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1832 – Charles Camp Doolittle, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteer)

1834 – James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)

1836 – Andrew S Hallidie, inventor (cable car)

1840 – Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (d. 1931)

1846 – Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (d. 1927)

1849 – James E Smith, became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger

1851 – Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (d. 1931)

1859 – Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)

1884 – Harrison Ford, Kansas City, Missouri, silent screen actor (Rubber Tires, Vanity Fair, Love In High Gear)

1903 – Mike Mansfield, (Sen-D-Mont) majority whip

1906 – Henny Youngman, London England, comedian (Take my wife please)

1911 – Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (d. 1979)

1912 – Patricia Nixon, [Thelma Catherine], Ely Nevada, 1st lady (1968-74)

1920 – Leo McKern, Sydney Aust, actor (Blue Lagoon, Help, Mouse that Roared)

1920 – Traudl Junge, Hitler’s secretary (d. 2002)

1920 – Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)

1925 – Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (d. 2004)

1926 – Jerry Lewis, [Levitch], comedian/fund raiser (MDA), loved in France

1927 – Daniel Patrick Moynihan, US ambassador to UN/(Sen-D-NY, 1977- )

1932 – Ronnie Walter Cunningham, Creston Iowa, Col USMC/astronaut (Apollo 7)

1933 – Ruth Bader Ginsberg, justice (US Supreme Court)

1933 – Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist

1936 – Thelma Hopkins, England, high jumper (Oly-silver-1956)

1940 – Bernardo Bertolucci, Parma Italy, director (Last Tango in Paris)

1940 – Chuck Woolery, Ky, TV game show host (Love Connection)

1943 – Ursula Goodenough, Evolutionary Scholar, Cell Biologist

1946 – Erik Estrada, NYC, actor (CHiPs, Cross & Switchblade, Lightblast)

1948 – Margaret [Edith] Weis, US, sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning)

1951 – Kate Nelligan, London Ontario, actress (Bethune, Eye of the Needle)

1952 – Philippe Kahn, French-American entrepreneur

1953 – Richard Stallman, American free software activist

1954 – Nancy Wilson, SF, rock guitarist (Heart-Never, What about Love)

1954 – Colin Ireland, Kent, England, serial killer (‘Gay Slayer’/ Coleherne killer), (d. 2012)

1955 – Isabelle Huppert, Paris France, actress (Cactus, Heaven’s Gate)

1955 – Jiro Watanabe, Japanese boxer

1958 – Kate Worley, American comic book writer (d. 2004)

1959 – Michael J Bloomfield, Flint Mich, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 86)

1959 – Flavor Flav, American rapper, and reality tv star

1963 – Phung Vuong, Saigon Vietnam, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1964 – Gore Verbinski, American movie director

1965 – Cindy Brown, US, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1988)

1974 – Fotini Vavatsi, Greek archer

1976 – Nick Spano, American actor

1978 – Brooke Burns, American actress

1985 – Nicole Trunfio, Australian supermodel

1987 – Tiiu Kuik, Estonian model

1989 – Peaches Geldof, English Dosser

1991 – Wolfgang Van Halen, son of Eddie Van Halan & Valerie Bertinelli

 

 

Deaths

455 – Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (b. 419)

1021 – Heribert of Cologne, Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Emperor Otto III

1037 – Robert I, Archbishop of Rouen

1072 – Adalbert, archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg, dies

1322 – Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, English soldier (b. 1276) dies in battle at Boroughbridge

1410 – John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (b. 1373)

1485 – Anne Neville, queen of Richard III of England (b. 1456)

1536 – Ibrahim Pasha, grand-visier of Osmaanse Rich, murdered at about 45

1649 – St. Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)

1679 – John Leverett, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1616)

1737 – Benjamin Wadsworth, President of Harvard University (b. 1670)

1738 – George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72

1838 – Nathaniel Bowditch, astronomer/navigation expert, dies at 64

1841 – Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist, dies at 49

1888 – Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (b. 1801)

 

 

 

1903 – Judge Roy BeanAmerican jurist

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – Gaston Calmette, editor (Le Figaro), killed by Mme Caillaux at 55

1914 – John Murray, piloted HMS Challenger to Christmas Island, dies

1926 – Sergeant Stubby, decorated World War I dog

1935 – John J R Macleod, Scot/Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), dies at 58

1941 – John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Challenger), dies at 73

1946 – Marius HLW “Max” Blokzijl, Dutch Nazi propagandist, executed at 61

1959 – John Sailling, last documented Civil War vet, dies at 111

1961 – Chen Geng, Chinese military leader (b. 1903)

1970 – Tammi Terrell, soul singer (You’re All I Need), dies of brain tumor at 24

1971 – Thomas E Dewey, US president candidate (R 1944, 48), dies at 68

 

 

 

1975 – T-Bone Walkerblues guitarist (Funky TownWell Done), dies at 64

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1978 – Aldo Moro, 5 times PM of Italy, assassinated by terrorists

1983 – Arthur Godfrey, TV host (Arthur Godrey Show), dies at 79

1984 – John Hoagland, American photographer (b. 1947)

1991 – 7 members of Reba McIntire’s band, killed in a plane crash

1992 – Renzhong Weangn, China politician (1934-45), dies

1993 – Mohammed Hussein Nagdi, Iran diplomat/resistance fighter, murdered

1995 – Clan Fraser of Lovat, soldier/Landowner, dies at 83

1998 – Derek Harold Richard Barton, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)

2000 – Thomas Ferebee, Hiroshima bombardier (b. 1918)

2001 – Bob Wollek, French race car driver (b. 1943)

2005 – Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (b. 1914)

2006 – David Feintuch, American sci-fi author (b. 1944)

2008 – G. David Low, American astronaut (b. 1956)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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