Happy St. Patrick’s Day

 

Today In The Past

 

Events

45 BC – In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.

180 – Marcus Aurelius dies. Commodus is now the only emperor of the Roman Empire.

 

 

 

432 – St Patricka bishopis carried off to Ireland as a slave

 

 

 

 

 

455 – Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor

1190 – Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England

1337 – Edward, the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England.

1537 – French troops invade Flanders

1672 – England declares war on Netherlands

1753 – 1st official St Patrick’s Day

1755 – Transylvania Land Co buys Kentucky for $50,000 from a Cherokee chief

 

 

 

1756 – St Patrick’s Day 1st celebrated in NYC at Crown & Thistle Tavern

 

 

 

 

 

 

1762 – 1st St Patrick’s Day parade in NYC

1766 – Britain repeals the Stamp Act

1776 – British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War

1800 – English warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die

1836 – Texas abolishes slavery

1845 – Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour

1845 – Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London

1854 – 1st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Mass

1863 – Battle of Kelly’s Ford, VA (211 casualities)

1868 – Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued

1876 – 1st record high jump over 6′ (Marshall Jones Brooks)

1876 – Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux indian camps

1884 – John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, Calif

1886 – Carrollton Massacre, (Mississippi) 20 African Americans killed

1897 – Bob Fitzsimmons KOs James J Corbett in 14 for heavyweight boxing title

1898 – 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, NYC (for 1 hour 40 minutes)

1899 – Windsor luxury hotel in NYC catches fire, 92 die

1901 – A showing of seventy-one Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.

1906 – Pres Theodore Roosevelt uses term “muckrake”

1912 – Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick

1918 – US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford

1918 – US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles

1921 – Sailors revolt in Kronstadt (thousands die)

1929 – General Motors acquires German auto manufacturer Adam Opel

1939 – Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945): The Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out.

1942 – Belzec Concentration Camp opens-30,000 Lublin Polish Jews transported

1942 – Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander

1950 – Element 98 (Californium) announced

1960 – Eisenhower forms anti-Castro-exile army under the CIA

1963 – Eruptions of Mount Agung Bali, kills 1,900 Balinese

1966 – US sub locates missing H-bomb in Mediterranean

1969 – Golda Meir becomes Israel’s 4th PM

1970 – US casts their 1st UN Security Council veto (Support England)

 

 

 

1973 – St Patrick Day marchers carry 14 coffins commemorating Bloody Sunday

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Amoco Cadiz tanker spills 1.6 mil gallons of oil off French coast

1978 – Reds don green uniforms for St Patricks Day

1979 – Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Tai Babilonia & R Gardner USA

1979 – Men’s Figure Skating Champ in Vienna won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR)

1979 – Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Vienna won by Linda Fratianne

1979 – The Penmanshiel Tunnel collapses during engineering works, killing two workers.

1985 – Matti Nykanen of Finland set a world ski jump record of 623′

1986 – Haemers gang robs gold transport in Belgium of 35 million BF

1987 – IBM releases PC-DOS version 3.3

1988 – Highest scoring NCAA basketball game; Loyola-Marymont 119, Wyoming 115

1988 – Iran says Iraq uses poison gas

1989 – Dorothy Cudahy is 1st female grand marshal of St Patrick Day Parade

1992 – Islamic Jihad truck bombs Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires killing 29

1993 – 86 killed by bomb attack in Calcutta

1995 – Sinn-Fein leader Gerry Adams visits White House

2000 – The 800+ deaths of members of the Ugandan cult Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God is considered to be a mass murder and suicide orchestrated by leaders of the cult.

2008 – New York State Governor Eliot Spitzer resigns after a scandal involving a high-end prostitute. David Paterson becomes acting New York State governor.

2012 – John Demjanjuk, convicted Nazi war criminal, dies from natural causes at 91

 

 

Births

1231 – Emperor Shijō of Japan (d. 1242)

1473 – James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513)

1578 – Francesco Albana, Ital painter (Mary’s Ascension)

1676 – Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)

1725 – Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)

1777 – Roger Brooke Taney, Calvert Md, 5th Chief Justice (Dred Scott dec)

1787 – George Simon Ohm, physicist (discovered Ohm’s Law)

 

 

 

1804 – James Bridgerscout/fur trader/mountain man par excellance

 

 

 

 

 

1820 – Patrick Edward Connor, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1828 – Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major General (Confederate Army)

1832 – Moncure Daniel Conway, US, abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)

1832 – Walter Quintin Gresham, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1834 – Gottlieb Daimler, Germany, engineer/inventor/designed 1st motorcycle

1866 – Pierce Butler, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1939)

 

 

 

1874 – Kincsemhorse that never lost a race

 

 

 

 

 

1880 – Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)

1881 – Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)

1884 – Alcide Nunez, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1934)

1895 – Shemp Howard, Bkln, comedian (3 Stooges, Bank Dick) [or 1891]

1902 – Bobby Jones Jr, Atlanta Georgia, amateur golfer (Grand Slam 1930)

1907 – Sonny Werblin, former owner of the New York Jets (d. 1991)

1914 – Sammy Baugh, Texas, NFL hall of famer QB (Wash Redskins)

1915 – Hans Namuth, German/US photographer (Todos Santos, Guatemala)

1915 – William Roycroft, Austria, equestrian 3 day (Olympic-bronze-1976)

1919 – Nat “King” Cole, Montgomery Ala, singer (Unforgettable, Mona Lisa)

1922 – Megan Bull, British head mistress (Holloway Jail)

1925 – G M Hughes, British zoologist

1925 – Jerome Lejeune, physiologist

1932 – Donald N. Langenberg, American physicist

1934 – Q T Macon, blues vocal/guitar

1936 – Thomas K Mattingly II, Chic, Capt USN/astro (Apollo 16, STS-4, 51C)

1937 – Frank Calabrese [Frankie Breeze], Chicago, Illinois, mafia hitman, (d. 2012)

1938 – Rudolf Nureyev, Russia, ballet dancer/choreographer (Kirov)

1941 – Paul Kantner, SF California, rock singer/guitarist (Jefferson Airplane)

1942 – John Wayne Gacy, Chicago Ill, serial killer (32 boys)

1944 – John Sebastian, NYC, singer (Loving Spoonful, Welcome Back Kotter)

1945 – Michael Hayden, General USAF, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

1947 – Ian Gomm, rock guitarist

1948 – Robert Braunwart, who added thousands of dates to this database

 

 

 

1948 – William GibsonCanadasci-fi author (NeuromancerCount Zero)

 

 

 

 

 

1951 – Kurt Russell, Springfeild Mass, actor (Thing, Overboard, Mean Seasons)

1954 – Lesley-Anne Down, London, actress (A Little Night Music, Moonraker)

1955 – Gary Sinise, actor (Apollo 13, Forrest Gump)

1959 – Brian Douglas Jones, Auckland NZ, tornado class yachter (Olympics-96)

1960 – Arye Gross, American actor

1964 – Rob Lowe, Charlottesville Va, actor (St Elmo’s Fire, Hotel NH, Class)

1965 – Caitlin Bilodeaux, Boston Mass, US fencer (Olympic-92)

1967 – Billy Corgan, American musician (Smashing Pumpkins)

1972 – Mia Hamm, Selma Alabama, soccer forward (Olympics-96)

1979 – Nicole “Coco” Austin, American glamor model

1979 – Samoa Joe, Samoan professional wrestler

 

 

Deaths

45 BC – Titus Labienus, Roman leader

180 – Antonius Marcus Aurelius, [Marcus Verus], Emperor of Rome, dies at 58

 

 

 

461 – St Patrickpatron Sof Irelanddies in Saul (according to legend)

 

 

 

 

 

 

659 – Gertrude of Nivelles, Belgian abbess, patron saint of travellers, dies at about 32

1040 – Harold Harefoot (Harold I), King of England (1035-40), dies

1058 – King Lulach I of Scotland

1199 – Jocelin, bishop of Glasgow

1272 – Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (b. 1220)

1425 – Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (b. 1407)

1516 – Giuliano de’ Medici, monarch of Florence, dies at 37

1588 – Petrus Dathenus, Flemish minister/physician (Psalms of David), dies

1653 – Johan van Galen, admiral (battle of Livorno), dies in battle at 48

1704 – Menno baron van Coehoorn, fort builder/Coevorden/howitzer, dies at 63

1713 – Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw [b. 1688)

1764 – George Parker, English astronomer, dies

1782 – Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-born mathematician (b. 1700)

1806 – David Dale, industrialist & philanthropist, dies

1846 – Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61

1853 – Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist, dies at 49

1863 – John Pelham, US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24

1901 – Franz Melde, German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69

1915 – Walter Crane, English painter/cartoonist/illustrator, dies at 69

1941 – Isaak E Babel, writer, dies at 46

1941 – Isaak Emmanuilovich Babel, Rus writer (Crvena Konjica), executed at 46

1941 – Joachim Schepke, German commandant (U-100), dies in battle

1946 – Dai Li, Chinese spymaster (b. 1897)

1956 – Fred Allen, comedian (Fred Allen Radio Show), dies at 61

1965 – Almos Alonzo Stagg, football coach (U of Chic), dies in California at 102

1974 – Louis I Kahn, Estonia/US architect, dies at about 73

1982 – Hans ter Laag, Dutch sound technician, murdered in El Salvador

1982 – Jan Kuiper, Dutch news editor (IKON), murdered in El Salvador

1982 – Joop Willemsen, Dutch cameraman, murdered in El Salvador

1982 – Koos Koster, Dutch newscaster (IKON), murdered in El Salvador

1983 – Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)

1987 – Santo Trafficante, Jr., American gangster (b. 1914)

1990 – Rick Grech, rocker (Blind Faith, Traffic), dies at 44

1992 – Grace Stafford Lantz, cartoon voice (Woody Woodpecker), dies at 87

1993 – Helen Hayes, actress (Airport), dies of congestive heart failure at 92

1994 – Mai Zetterling, actress (Night is My Future), dies of cancer at 68

1995 – Ronnie Kray, English gangster (The Firm), dies at 61

 

 

 

1995 – Sunnyland Slimjazz/bluesinger/pianist (Delta Blues), dies at 87

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1996 – Terry Stafford, American singer (b. 1941)

2005 – George F. Kennan, American Cold War strategist and historian (b. 1904)

2006 – Oleg Cassini, American fashion designer (b. 1913)

2012 – Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull, dies from natural causes at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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