Today In The Past

 

 

Events

37 – The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.

417 – St Zosimus begins his reign as Catholic Pope

731 – St Gregory III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1123 – 1st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1167 – Battle of El-Babein, Egypt: Franks under Amalrik vs Syrians

1190 – Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St Edmonds England

1229 – German emperor Frederick II crowns himself king of Jerusalem

1241 – Kraków is ravaged by Mongols.

1314 – Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake.

1325 – According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date. The event is depicted on the Mexican coat of arms.

1438 – Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Germany

1532 – English parliament bans payments by English church to Rome

1541 – Hernan de Soto observes 1st recorded flood in America (Mississippi R)

1582 – Prince William of Orange injured in attack at Antwerp

1673 – Lord Berkley sells his half of New Jersey to the Quakers

1781 – Charles Messier rediscovers global cluster M92

1813 – David Melville, Newport, RI, patents apparatus for making coal gas

1818 – Congress approves 1st pensions for government service

1834 – 1st railroad tunnel in US completed, in Penn (275 m long)

1834 – Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.

1850 – Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo

1864 – Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles drowning some 240

1865 – Battle of Wilson’s raid to Selma, AL

1874 – Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.

1881 – Barnum & Bailey’s Greatest Show on Earth opens (Madison Square Garden)

1890 – 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)

1895 – 200 blacks leave Savannah, Ga for Liberia

1899 – Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by Pickering

1900 – Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms

1902 – Enrico Caruso becomes 1st well-known performer to make a record

1913 – King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.

1914 – White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China

 

 

 

1915 – French battleship Bouvet explodes640 killed

 

 

 

 

 

1921 – Steamer “Hong Koh” runs aground off Swatow China killing 1,000

1922 – Brit magistrates in India sentence Gandhi to 6 years for disobedience

1922 – Mohandas K Gandhi sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment

1925 – (8) 60-MPH tornadoes speed Mo, In, Il, Ky, & Tn kills 689

1931 – 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)

1937 – The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.

1938 – Mexico takes control of foreign-owned oil properties

1938 – NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women

1940 – Benito Mussolini joins Hitler in Germany’s war against France & Britain

1945 – 1,250 US bombers attacks Berlin

1945 – US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu

1948 – Philips begin experimental TV broadcasting

1949 – NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Org) ratified

1952 – 1st plastic lens for cataract patients fitted (Phila)

1952 – Communist offensive in Korea

1959 – Boston Celtic’s Bill Sharman begins record of 56 straight free-throws

1959 – President Dwight D Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill

1961 – Poppin’ Fresh Pillsbury Dough Boy introduced

1962 – Algerian War ends after 7½ yrs (250,000 die), Ben Bella flees

1965 – Rolling Stones fined £5 each for public urination

1965 – Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.

1966 – Scott Paper begins selling paper dresses for $1

1967 – Beatles’ “Penny Lane,” single goes #1

1967 – Oil tanker Torrey Canyon hits a rock & spills oil

1970 – Cambodia military coup under Gen Lon Nol, prince Sihanuk flees

1971 – 200 die in landslide into Lake Yanahuani, Chungar Peru

1977 – Clash releases their 1st recording “White Riot”

1977 – US restricts citizens from visiting Cuba, Vietnam, N Korea & Cambodia

1977 – Vietnam hands over MIA to US

1978 – 250,000 attend rock concert California Jam II in Ontario Calif

1979 – Battles between Kurds & Iranians break in Sananday Iran

1980 – Vostok rocket exploded on launch pad while being refueled, killing 50

1982 – Singer Teddy Pendergrass’ spinal cord severed in a car accident

1986 – Treasury Dept announces plans to alter paper money

1989 – In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops.

 

 

 

1990 – Largest Art robbery in the history (Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston), where 12 paintings valued at $100 million are stolen

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – 1st free elections in East Germany, Conservatives beat Communists

1990 – A Tampa little leaguer, dies, after being struck by a pitch

1990 – Biggest US art robbery, $100’s millions at Gardner Museum, Boston

1991 – Mike Tyson beats Razor Ruddock in the 7th round

1991 – Phila ’76ers retires Wilt Chamberlain’s #13 jersey

1992 – Donna Summer gets a star on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame

1994 – South Africa Goldstone committee reveals existence of secret police

1994 – Zsa Zsa Gabor files for bankruptcy

1996 – A nightclub fire in Quezon City, Philippines kills 162.

2003 – FBI agents raid the corporate headquarters of HealthSouth Corporation in Birmingham, Alabama on suspicion of massive corporate fraud led by the company’s top executives.

2003 – British Sign Language is recognised as an official British language.

2005 – Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube is removed at the request of her husband.

Births

1380 – Liduina van Schiedam, Dutch “Christ’s bride”/saint

1395 – John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military leader (d. 1447)

1496 – Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)

1556 – Francois-Hercule de Valois, French duke of Anjou/Brabant

1578 – Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, baptized

1602 – Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (d. 1679)

1603 – Simon Bradstreet, Massachusetts Bay colonist (d. 1693)

1640 – Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)

1701 – Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)

 

 

 

1782 – John C CalhounSCAndrew Jackson’s VP (1825-32)

 

 

 

 

 

1829 – William Robertson Boggs, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1911

 

 

 

1837 – Grover Cleveland, [Stephen], NJ22nd/24th Pres (1885-8993-97)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1839 – Francis Fessenden, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906

1844 – Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Tikhvin Russia, composer (Scheherazade)

1848 – Nathaniel Herreshoff, America Cup yacht designer

1858 – Rudolph C K Diesel, German engineer (Diesel motor)

1869 – [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, British PM (C, 1937-40)

1877 – Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)

1886 – Edward Everett Horton, Bkln NY, actor/narrator (Bulwinkle Show)

1898 – Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)

1899 – Lavrenti Beria, chief of Soviet secret police under Stalin

1905 – Mollie Parnis, NYC, fashion designer (Mollie Roberts Collection)

1905 – Robert Donat, England, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Citadel)

1905 – Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)

1906 – Roy L Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)

1909 – Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)

1911 – Smiley Burnette, Summum Ill, cowboy (Charlie-Petticoat Junction)

1914 – James Pack, naval officer museum curator

1918 – Yevgeny Pepelyaev, Bodaybo, Irkutsk, Soviet Union, fighter pilot, (d. 2013)

1919 – Laila Schou Nilsen, Norway, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1936)

1923 – Andy Granatelli, American motorsports entrepreneur

1925 – Peter Graves [Aurness], Minneapolis Mn, actor (James Phelps-Mission Impossible)

1927 – George Plimpton, NYC, sports writer (Paper Lion)

1928 – William R Boggs, Georgia, Brig Gen/chief of engineers under Bragg

1932 – F[rederik] W[illem] de Klerk, president South Africa (1989-94)

1932 – John Updike, Shillington Pa, poet/novelist (Rabbit Run)

1936 – Tony Nash, England, bobsled (Olympic-gold-1964)

1937 – Mark Donohue, auto racer (1972 Indianapolis 500)

1938 – Charley Pride, Sledge Miss, country singer (Sweet Country)

 

 

 

1941 – Wilson PickettPrattville AlabamaR&B singer (Funky Broadway)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1944 – Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader and politician, (d. 2012)

1945 – Aleksey Vakhonin, USSR, bantam weight (Olympic-gold-1964)

1946 – Michael Reagan, talk show host, Ronald’s son

1946 – Martyn Griffiths, British racing driver

1946 – Michel Leclère, French racing driver

1949 – Alex “Hurricane” Higgins, Irish snooker player (2X world-champ)

1950 – John Hartman, Falls Church Va, rock drummer (Doobie Brothers)

1950 – Larry Perkins, Australian racing driver

1951 – Ben Cohen, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream

1954 – James F Reilly II, Mt Home AFB Idaho, PhD/astronaut (STS 89, sk:100)

1956 – Ingamar Stenmark, Sweden, slalom (Olympic-2 gold-1980)

1958 – Andreas Wenzel, Liechtenstein, skier (Olympic-silver-1980)

1959 – Irene Cara, Bronx NYC, actress/singer (Fame, DC Cab, Certain Fury)

1959 – Luc Besson, French producer, writer, and director

 

 

 

1963 – Vanessa L WilliamsMillwood NY1st black Miss America (1983)/singer

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Bonnie Blair, Champaign Ill, speed skater (Oly-5 gold/brz-88, 92, 94)

1964 – Alex Caffi, Italian racecar driver

1966 – Jerry Cantrell, US rock guitarist (Alice in Chains-Dirt)

1969 – Sheila Taormina, 4X200m freestyle swimmer (Olympics-gold-96)

1970 – Queen Latifah, rap singer/actress (Khadijah James-Living Single)

1972 – Dane Cook, American comedian and actor

1972 – Nathan Quarry, American mixed martial arts fighter

1973 – Max Barry, Australian author

1978 – Dionne Bainbridge, Brisbane QLD Aust, NZ 200m swimmer (Olympics-96)

1979 – Adam Levine, American singer (Maroon 5)

1979 – Brandon Lee, American adult actor

1981 – Tora Berger, Norwegian biathlete

1982 – Timo Glock German Formula 1 driver

1985 – Vince Lia, Australian Footballer

1985 – Gennaro Esposito, Italian footballer

1986 – Bia Figueiredo, Brazilian racing driver

 

Deaths

235 – Marcus Aurelius Alexander, Syrian emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered

978 – Edward, the Martyr, King of Anglo-Saxons (975-78)/st, murdered at 15

1227 – Honorius III, [Cencio Savelli], Pope (1216-27), dies

1314 – Jacques de Molay, the last grand master of The KnightsTemplar dies burned at the stake

1493 – John of Lannoy, Flemish governor/viceroy of Neth/Zealand, dies at 82

1582 – Jean Jaurequi, Basque attacker of William of Orange, killed by William’s guards

 

1584 – Ivan IV [Ivan the Terrible], Russian tsar (1547-84), dies at 53

 

 

 

 

 

1675 – Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)

1696 – Robert Charnock, English conspirator

1745 – Robert Walpole, 1st English premier (1722-42), dies at 68 [NS=3/29]

1781 – Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (b. 1727)

1845 – John Chapman, [Johnny Appleseed], American pioneer agronomist dies in Allen County Indiana

1871 – Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)

1899 – Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails, trains), dies at 76

1933 – Luigi A duke of the Abruzzi, Italian explorer (Ruwenzori), dies at 60

1945 – William Grover-Williams, British racing driver

1947 – William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer (b. 1861)

1964 – Norbert Wiener, US mathematician (cybernetics), dies at 69

1964 – Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (b. 1870)

1976 – Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1893)

1977 – José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1944)

1980 – Erich Fromm, German/US psychoanalyst, dies at 79

 

 

 

1997 – Willem de Kooning (abstract artist), dead Alzheimer’s at 92

 

 

 

 

 

 

2001 – John Phillips, American musician (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1935)

2002 – R.A. Lafferty, American science fiction writer (b. 1914)

2003 – Karl Kling, German race car driver (b. 1910)

2006 – Bill Beutel, American journalist (b. 1930)

2009 – Natasha Richardson, English actress (b. 1963)

2010 – Fess Parker, American actor (b. 1924)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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