Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1227 – Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX

1279 – A Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China.

1452 – Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Roman German Emperor

1524 – Giovanni de Varrazano of France sights land around area of Carolinas

1563 – Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots

1571 – Spanish troops occupy Manila

1628 – Massachusetts colony founded by Englishmen

1644 – 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor

1687 – Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by own men.

1702 – James II’s daughter Anne Stuart becomes queen of England

1775 – 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)

1822 – Boston, Mass incorporated as a city

 

 

 

1831 – 1st US bank robbery (City Bank, NY/$245,000)

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.

1863 – The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.

1865 – Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC

1866 – Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die

1883 – Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes

1897 – Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game

1918 – Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time

1918 – S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane

1920 – US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations’ covenant (maintaining isolation policy)

1921 – Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded.

1925 – Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop

1927 – Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin

1928 – “Amos & Andy” debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago)

1931 – Nevada legalizes gambling

1932 – The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.

1942 – FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non military duty

1942 – Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago

1943 – Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks

1943 – Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.

1945 – 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan

1945 – Adolf Hitler issues Nero Decree to destroy all German factories

1945 – US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure

1947 – Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan

1949 – 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tn

1954 – 1st rocket-driven sled on rails was tested in Alamogordo, NM

1958 – Britain’s 1st planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud’s in London

1964 – Sean Connery’s 1st day of shooting on “Goldfinger”

1965 – Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies

1965 – The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, was discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction.

1968 – Howard University students seize administration building

1969 – Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention

1969 – The 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build- up.

1972 – LA Lakers beat Golden State Warriors, 162-99, by then record 63 pts

1974 – Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour

1975 – Penn is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports

1977 – Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33)

1978 – 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb

1982 – National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27

 

 

 

1982 – Falklands WarArgentinian forces land on South Georgia Islandprecipitating war with the U.K.

 

 

 

 

 

1984 – “Kate & Allie,” premieres

1984 – Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River

1985 – Senate votes 55-45, to authorize production of the MX missile

1987 – Bonnie Blair skates ladies world record 500 m (39.43 sec)

1987 – PTL leader Jim Bakker resigns after sex scandal with Jessica Hahn

1988 – 2 British soldiers lynched in Belfast North Ireland

1989 – Boeing B-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight

1989 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Kurt Browning (CAN)

1989 – Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Midori Ito (Japan)

1991 – NFL owners strip Phoenix of 1993 Super Bowl game due to Arizona Not recognizing Martin Luther King Day

1994 – Largest omelet (1,383sq ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama Japan

1995 – 5 die by poison gas in Japanese subway

1995 – Bonnie Blair skates female world record point total (156.450)

1997 – Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments

2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities.

2003 – Invasion of Iraq by American and British led coalition begins without United Nations support and in defiance of world opinion

2004 – Äänekoski bus disaster: A semi-trailer truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.

2004 – A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.

2004 – 3-19 Shooting Incident: Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country’s presidential election on March 20.

2008 – GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye was briefly observed on this day.

2012 – Wendy’s overtakes Burger King to become the second best selling hamburger chain

 

 

 

Births

1434 – Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)

1488 – Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (d. 1544)

1503 – Benedetto Varchi, Ital humanist/historian (Storia Fiorentina)

1589 – William Bradford, gov of Plymouth colony for 30 years (baptized)

1610 – Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter

1629 – Aleksei M Romanov, 1st Romanov tsar of Russia

 

1734 – Thomas McKeanUS attorney (signed Decl of Independencedied 1817

 

 

 

 

 

1742 – Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)

1778 – Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)

1813 – David Livingstone, Scotland, explorer (found by Stanley in Africa)

1817 – Lewis Henry Little, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862

1819 – David Henry Williams, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891

1821 – Francis Barretto Spinola, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

 

 

 

1821 – Capt Sir Richard Burtonexplorer/translator (Arabian NightsKama Sutra)

 

 

 

 

 

1827 – Alexander Shaler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1911

1837 – Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919

1848 – Wyatt Earp, Monmouth Ill, sheriff (OK Corral)

1849 – Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)

1851 – William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)

1860 – William Jennings Bryan, “The Great Commoner” orator/statesman

1865 – William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)

 

 

 

1883 – Joseph W StilwellUS general (China)

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Earl Warren, Ca, (Gov-R-Ca)/14th supreme court chief justice (1953-69)

1892 – Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)

1892 – James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)

1894 – Jackie “Moms” Mabley, Brevard SC, comedienne (Merv Griffin Show)

1900 – [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)

1904 – John J Sirica, US federal judge (Watergate hearings)

1905 – Albert Speer, German architect/minister of Armament (NSDAP)

1906 – Adolf Eichmann, Ruhr Germany, Nazi Gestapo officer

1910 – Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)

1912 – Adolf Galland, fighter Pilot

1914 – J Jay Berwanger, 1st Heisman Trophy winner (1935)

1915 – Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)

1916 – Irving Wallace, author (People’s Almanac, The Man) [or Mar 18]

1917 – Laszlo Szabo, Hungarian chess player (d. 1998)

1923 – Tige Andrews, Bkln, actor (Capt Adam Greer-Mod Squad)

1925 – Brent Scowcroft, Ogden Utah, Lt Gen (USAF)/National Security Council

1928 – Patrick McGoohan, Astoria NY, actor (#6-Prisoner, Secret Agent)

1930 – Bill Henderson, Chic Ill, jazz singer (Torpedo-Dreams)

1933 – Philip Roth, Newark, novelist (Goodbye Columbus, Portnoy’s Complaint)

1934 – Borge Andersen, Denmark, Danish Chess Champion (1967, 68)

1935 – Burt Metcalfe, Saskatchewan Canada, actor/dir (Father of the Bride)

1935 – Phyllis Newman, Jersey City NJ, actress (Coming of Age, TW3)

 

 

 

1936 – Ursula AndressBerne Switzerlandactress (SheSensuous Nurse)

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – Clarence “Frogman” Henry, musician (You Always Hurt the One You Love)

1937 – Egon Krenz, President of East Germany

1939 – Joe Kapp, NFL QB (Minnesota Vikings, Boston Patriots, Houston Oilers)

1941 – Lord Vestey, British food magnate/billionaire (Union International)

1942 – Jeff Neighbour, US bassist (Joy of Cooking)

1942 – Ross Valory, rocker (Journey)

1943 – Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist, Nobel laureate

1943 – Vern Schuppan, Australian racing driver

1944 – Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin

1945 – Lisa Nicole Baker, Detroit TX, playmate of the year (Nov 1966)

1946 – Paul Atkinson, rock guitarist (Zombies-Never Even Thought)

1946 – Ruth Pointer, singer (Pointer Sisters-I’m So Exicted)

1947 – Glenn Close, Greenwich Ct, actress (The Big Chill, Fatal Attraction)

1947 – John Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire

1952 – Derek Longmuir, Edinburgh Scotland, rock drummer (Bay City Rollers)

1952 – Harvey Weinstein, American film producer

1953 – Hans Rinn, German DR, 2 man lugist (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1953 – Ricky Wilson, Athens Ga, rock guitarist (B-52’s-Love Shack)

1954 – Charles Pinnell, horse trainer

1954 – Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai

1955 – Bruce Willis, Penna Grove NJ, actor (Moonlighting, Die Hard)

1959 – Shelley Burch, Tucson Az, actress (One Life to Live, Identity Crisis)

1968 – Liam Jewell, Toronto Ontario, kayaker (Olympics-96)

1971 – Whitney Hedgepeth, 100m/200m backstroke (Olympics-2 silver-96)

1971 – Nadja Auermann, German supermodel

1974 – Vida Guerra, Cuban-American swimsuit model

1976 – Zach Lind – American drummer (Jimmy Eat World)

1980 – Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator

1985 – Ernesto Viso, Venezuelan racing driver

2007 – Prince Abdullah bin Ali, Prince of Jordan

 

 

 

Deaths

1238 – Duke Henry I of Poland (b. 1163)

1279 – Emperor Bing of Song China (b. 1271)

1286 – King Alexander III of Scotland (b. 1241)

1330 – Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (b. 1301)

1406 – Ibn Khaldun, Arab historian (b. 1332)

1556 – Lieven van der Maude, [Ammonius], South Netherlands poet, dies at 70

1623 – Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1556)

1638 – Paul Moreelse, Dutch painter/master builder, dies at about 66

1644 – Chongzhen, last Ming-emperor of China, commits suicide

1687 – Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle, Fren explorer (Louisiana), killed at 43

1702 – Willem III Henry, [Dutch William], king of England/Scot, dies at 51

1721 – Clement XI, [Giovanni F Albani], Italian Pope (1700-21), dies at 71

1796 – Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)

1871 – Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)

1913 – John Thomas, composer, dies at 87

1914 – Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850)

1930 – Arthur J Balfour, British theologist/premier (1902-05), dies at 81

1942 – Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist (b. 1855)

1943 – Frank Nitti, American gangster (b. 1883)

1945 – Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed

 

 

 

1950 – Edgar Rice Burroughssci-fi author (Tarzan of the Apes), dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – Edward Platt, actor (Chief-Get Smart), dies at 58

1976 – Paul Kossoff, rock guitarist (Free), dies of heart failure at 25

1978 – Gaston Julia, French mathematician (b. 1893)

1982 – Randy Rhoads, heavy metal guitarist (Ozzy Osbourne), air crash at 25

1984 – Garry Winogrand, American photographer (b. 1928)

1992 – Cesare Danova, actor (Tentacles, Viva Las Vegas), dies at 66

1993 – Jeff Ward, drummer (9 Inch Nails), commits suicide at 30

1994 – Giuseppe Diana, Italian anti-mafia priest, murdered

1996 – William Hutchinson Murray, mountaineer/author, dies at 83

2001 – Charles K. Johnson, President of the Flat Earth Society (b. 1924)

2005 – John De Lorean, American automobile engineer (b. 1925)

2007 – Luther Ingram, American soul singer and songwriter (b. 1937)

2008 – Sir Arthur C. Clarke, English science fiction author and inventor (b. 1917)

 

 

 

2012 – William CharetteAmerican navy hospital corpsman and Medal of Honour recipient,dies at 79

 

Air Force Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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