Today In The Past

 

 

Events

37 – Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.

193 – Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.

364 – Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor.

845 – Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.

1535 – Bloemkamp Abbey (Oldeklooster) attacked & destroyed

1738 – English parliament declares war on Spain (War of Jenkin’s Ear)

 

 

 

1774 – Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts

 

intolerable acts

 

 

 

 

1776 – Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.

1794 – Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)

1794 – Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau.

1796 – Bethel African Methodist Church of Phila is 1st US-African church

1797 – Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine

1799 – NY State abolished slavery

1802 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid known to man.

1804 – Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804

1809 – Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.

1834 – Senate censure Pres Jackson for taking fed deposits from Bank of US

1845 – Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US

1854 – During the Crimean War, Britain & France declare war on Russia

 

 

 

1860 – First Taranaki WarThe Battle of Waireka begins.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia

1866 – 1st ambulance goes into service

1881 – Greatest Show On Earth was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey

1885 – US Salvation Army officially organized

1891 – 1st world weightlifting championship held

1902 – 27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)

1905 – Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used

1910 – 1st seaplane, takes off from water at Martinques France (Henri Fabre)

1917 – Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities

1922 – 1st microfilm device introduced

1930 – Constantinople & Angora changes names to Istanbul & Ankara

1933 – German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler

1935 – Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket

1939 – Dutch hunter shoots English bombers down

1939 – Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco

1942 – British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire

1945 – Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London

1952 – US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright

1952 – US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1960 – Scottish factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters (Glasgow Scotland)

1962 – Military coup in Syria, President Nazim al-Kudsi flees

1967 – UN Sect General U Thant makes public proposals for peace in Vietnam

1972 – Wilt Chamberlain plays his last pro basketball game

1979 – Major nuclear accident at 3 Mile Island, Middletown, Pa (no deaths)

1981 – Christa Rothenburger skates ladies world record 500 m 40.18 sec)

1981 – Yevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (36.91 secs)

1982 – JN Duartes christian-democrats win elections in El Salvador

1985 – International Cometary Explorer measures solar wind ahead of Halley

1986 – Extremist Sikhs kill 13 hindus in Ludhiana India

1989 – New Zealand wins America’s Cup over Stars & Stripes, in a NY court

1990 – Michael Jordan scores 69 points, 4th time he scores 60 pts in a game

1990 – President Bush awards Jesse Owen the Congressional Gold Medal

1993 – Type II supernova detected in M81 (NGC 3031)

1994 – Armed Zulus demonstrate in Johannesburg, over 53 killed

1994 – Italy’s right-wing alliance under Silvio Berlusconi wins election

2000 – A Murray County, Georgia, school bus is hit by a CSX freight train (3 children die in this accident).

2003 – In a “friendly fire” incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the United States Idaho Air National Guard’s 190th Fighter Squadron attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing British soldier Matty Hull.

2005 – The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the second strongest earthquake since 1960.

2006 – At least 1 million union members, students and unemployed take to the streets in France in protest at the government’s proposed First Employment Contract law.

 

 

 

Births

1468 – Charles I, Duke of Savoy

1472 – Fra Bartolomeo/Fra Bartolommeo , monk, Florentine Renaissance painter (d. 1517)

1483 – Raphael, Urbino Italy, painter (School of Athens)

1515 – Theresa of Avila/Teresa de Jesus, Spanish mystic writer/saint

1522 – Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (d. 1557)

1599 – Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (d. 1658)

1613 – Xiaozhuangwen Grand Empress Dowager, Empress of Manchu (d. 1688)

1615 – Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent/diplomat

1652 – Samuel Sewall, American magistrate (d. 1730)

1729 – Pieter Fouquet, Dutch art seller (Atlas of Fouquet)

1750 – Francisco A G de Miranda, Venezuelan freedom fighter

1773 – Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (d. 1844)

1818 – Wade Hampton, SC, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1902

1819 – Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (d. 1891)

1836 – Frederick Pabst, American brewer (d. 1904)

1840 – Mehemed Emin Pasja, German explorer/governor (Equatoria)

1842 – William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)

1868 – Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire, Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths)

1899 – August Anheuser Busch, Jr., brewing magnate and American baseball executive (d. 1989)

 

 

 

1905 – Marlin PerkinsCarthage MoTV host (Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – Herbert “Herb” Hall, clarinetist/saxophonist

1907 – “Swifty” Lazar, American talent agent (d. 1993)

1909 – Nelson Algren, US, novelist (Man with the Golden Arm)

1911 – J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language (d. 1960)

1912 – A[rthur] Bertram Chandler, UK, sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space)

1914 – Kenneth Richard Norris, Australian entomologist (d. 2003)

1921 – Dirk Bogarde (born Derek van den Bogaerde) London England, actor (Death in Venice, Servant)

1922 – Joey Maxim, American boxer (d. 2001)

1924 – Freddie Bartholomew, England, actor (Anna Karenina, David Copperfield)

1928 – Zbigniew Brzezinski, Warsaw, national security advisor (Carter)

1929 – Paul England, Australian racing driver

1936 – Mario Vargas Llosa, Peru, writer (Aunt Julia)/pres candidate

1940 – J Michael Plumb, Islip NY, equestrian (Oly-2 gold/4 silver-1976,84)

1941 – Charlie McCoy, Oak Hill WV, harmonica player (Hee Haw)

1944 – Rick Barry, ABA/NBA forward (NY Nets, Golden State Warriors)

1946 – Wubbo Ockels, Dutch physicist and astronaut

1948 – Dianne Wiest, KC MO, actress (Hannah & Her Sisters, Footloose)

1948 – John Evans, (Aka Evan) rock drummer (Jethro Tull)

1949 – Milan Williams, US keyboardist (Commodores-Three Times a Lady)

1949 – Ronnie Ray Smith, 4 X 100m relay runner (Olympic-gold-1968)

1955 – Reba McEntire, McAlester Ok, country singer (Can’t Even Get the Blues)

1957 – Harvey Glance, Pheonix City Ala, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1976)

1958 – Bart Wayne Conner, Morton Grove Ill, gymnist (Olympic-2 gold-1984)

1963 – Bernice King, daughter of Martin Luther King Jr

1963 – Therese Washtock, Vancouver BC, 3 day equestrian (Olympics-96)

1965 – Jeff Beukeboom, Ajax, NHL defenseman (NY Rangers)

1968 – Teee Williams, LA California, volleyball outside hitter (Oly-bronze-92, 96)

1969 – Salt, rocker (Salt ‘n’ Pepa-Shake Ya Thang)

1969 – Brett Ratner, American film director

 

 

 

1969 – Rodney AtkinsAmerican country music singersongwriter

 

Rodney-Atkins

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1970 – Vince Vaughn, Minneapolis, Minnesota, American actor (Swingers, Wedding Crashers)

1972 – Jonathan Edwards, Boston Mass, doubles luger (Olympics-1994)

1975 – Derek Hill, American racing driver

1981 – Julia Stiles, New York City, NY, American actress (Bourne series, Save the Last Dance)

1986 – Lady Gaga [Stefani Germanotta], New York, singer/songwriter (Bad Romance)

1986 – J-Kwon, American rapper

 

 

 

Deaths

193 – Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman Emperor (192-93), assassinated

593 – Guntram, French king in Burgundy, dies at about 67

1072 – Ordulf, Duke of Saxony

1134 – Stefanus Harding, 3rd abbott of Côteaux/saint, dies

1239 – Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (b. 1180)

1285 – Pope Martin IV (Simon de Brion), reigned 1281-85.

1563 – Heinrich Glarean, Swiss music theorist (b. 1488)

1673 – Adam Pijnacker, Dutch landscape painter/etcher, buried at 51

1677 – Wenzel Hollar, Bohemia cartoonist/etcher, dies at about 69

1712 – Jan van der Heyden, Dutch inventor (street lantern), dies at 75

1758 – Jonathan Edwards, US theologist (Great Awakening), dies at 54

1799 – Etta L J “baronne” Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55

1801 – Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66

1840 – Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, dies at 89

1863 – James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brig-general, dies at 52

 

 

 

1870 – George Henry ThomasAmerican Civil War general (b. 1816)

 

 

 

 

 

1910 – David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1837)

1941 – Virginia Woolf-Stephen [Adeline] , author (To Lighthouse), dies from suicide at 59

1944 – Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75

1953 – James Francis Thorpe, decathelete (Olympic-gold-12), dies at 64

 

 

 

1958 – William Christopher HandyUS conductor/composer (St Louis Blues), dies at 84 in New York

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1969 – Dwight D Eisenhower34th pres/gen (WW 2), dies in Washington at 78

dwight-d-eisenhower-circa1956

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – Arthur CrudupAmerican blues singer and guitaristdies of heart attack at 68

 

Arthur_Crudup VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

1979 – Emmett Kelly, circus clown (Weary Willy), dies at 80

1980 – Jesse Owens, (Oly-gold-36), dies at the age of 66

1982 – William Giauque, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)

1985 – Marc Chagall, French painter, dies at 97

1994 – Eugene Ionesco, playwright (Rhinoceros, Bald Soprano), dies at 84

1996 – Charles Barnet “Roscoe” Harvey, soldier, dies at 95

1999 – Freaky Tah, American rapper (Lost Boyz) (b. 1971)

2004 – Art James, American game show host (b. 1929)

 

 

 

2004 – Peter UstinovBritish actor (b. 1921)

 

peter ustinov2

VIDEOS

 

 

 

2006 – Caspar Weinberger, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1917)

2006 – Proinsias Ó Maonaigh, Irish musician (b. 1922)

2010 – June Havoc, American actress (b. 1913)

2012 – Earl Scruggs, American bluegrass musician, dies from natural causes at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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