Today In The Past

 

 

Events

240 BC – 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.

804 – Liudger becomes 1st bishop of Munster

988 – Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes earl of Flanders

1282 – The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers.

1296 – Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.

1422 – Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple

1492 – King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella sign decree expelling Jews from Spain

1603 – Battle at Mellifont: English army under Lord Mountjoy beats Irish

1778 – Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath

1814 – Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon.

1842 – Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)

1856 – Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War

1858 – Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Phila)

1864 – Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas

1865 – -4] Battle at 5 Forks Virginia

1867 – US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 (2 cents an acre – Seward’s Folly)

1870 – 15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race

1870 – Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union

1870 – Florida territorial government established.

1885 – The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.

1895 – British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford and Cambridge boat race

1909 – Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens

1910 – Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi.

1911 – Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 m) completed

1919 – Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

1923 – Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard U in 1920, incorporates

1939 – The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.

1939 – First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway.

1941 – German counter offensive in North-Africa

1942 – 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau

1942 – SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp

1944 – 781 British bombers attack Neurenberg

1945 – 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund

1945 – USSR invades Austria during WW II

1945 – World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.

1949 – Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.

1950 – Phototransistor invention announced, Murray Hill, NJ

1953 – Einstein announces revised unified field theory

1961 – NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600′ (51,690 m)

1961 – The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.

1964 – Astronaut John Glenn withdraws from Ohio senate race

1965 – Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.

1970 – USSR wins its 8th straight world hockey championship

1972 – North Vietnamese troops enter South Vietnam

1979 – Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.

1981 – Pres Reagan shot & wounded by John W Hinckley III

1984 – US ends participation in multinational Lebanon peace force

1987 – Vincent van Goghs “Sunflowers” sells for record 22.5M pounds ($39.7 million)

1990 – Jack Nicklaus made his debut in the “Seniors” golf tournament

1991 – William Kennedy Smith allegedly rapes a woman (found not guilty)

2006 – Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space.

2006 – UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.

2012 – Spanish Government cuts 27 Billion Euros from its budget in one of its toughest austerity driver in history

2012 – Mastercard and Visa announce a massive breach in security with over ten million compromised credit card numbers

2012 – American Mega Millions lottery hits a world record lottery amount of 640 million dollars

 

 

 

Births

1135 – Maimonedes, philosopher (d. 1204)

1326 – Ivan II of Russia, Grand Duke of Muscovy (d. 1359)

1432 – Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1481)

1674 – Jethro Tull, agricultural writer (Basildon), baptised

1697 – John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor

1719 – John Hawkins, England, wrote 1st history of music

1746 – Francisco Jose de Goya, Fuendetodos Spain, painter/etcher (Naked Maja)

1790 – Joseph Smith, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877

1820 – Anna Sewell, British author (d. 1878)

1823 – Joseph Farmer Knipe, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901

1824 – Innis Newton Palmer, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1825 – Samuel Bell Maxey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895

1853 – Vincent van Gogh, Groot-Zundert, Netherlands, artist, painter and pioneer of Expressionism (The Potato Eaters, Irises)

1857 – Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)

1865 – Heinrich Rubens, German physicist

1883 – Jo Davidson, US, sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman)

1892 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)

1894 – Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin)

1899 – Irving Thalberg, US producer (MGM)

1902 – Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (d. 2007)

1905 – Mikio Oda, Japan, triple jumper (Olympic-gold-1928)

1905 – Albert Pierrepoint, English executioner (d. 1992)

1910 – Józef Marcinkiewicz, mathematician (d. 1940)

1913 – Frankie Laine, Chicago Ill, actor (Frankie Laine Show, Rawhide)

1913 – Gottfried Reinhardt, theatre producer

1913 – Richard Helms, CIA head (1966-73)

1914 – Sonny Boy Williamson, [John Lee], blues musician (Down & Out Blues)

1919 – McGeorge Bundy, Boston, national security adviser (JFK)

1920 – Turhan Bey, Vienna Austria, actor (Dragon Seed, Ali Baba & 40 Thieves)

1921 – Countess of Sutherland, English great land owner/multi-millionaire

1922 – J F Coates, naval architect

1928 – Richard Trant, Brit general

1929 – Richard Dysart, Brighton Mass, actor (Leland MacKenzie-LA Law)

1929 – Shirley Stoler, Brooklyn NY, actress (Frankenhooker, 7 Beauties)

1930 – John Astin, Balt Md, actor (I’m Dickens He’s Fenster, Addams Family)

1931 – Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut

1931 – Harold Burrage, US singer/pianist (Hi Yo Silver)

1937 – Warren Beatty, Richmond Va, actor (Bonnie & Clyde,Shampoo, Dick Tracy)

1941 – Sven Hamrin, Sweden, road race cycler (Olympic-bronze-1964)

1942 – Graeme Edge, England, rock drummer (Moody Blues-Your Wildest Dreams)

1945 – Eric Clapton, Ripley England, singer/guitarist (Tears in Heaven)

1948 – Dave Ball, rocker (Procul Harum)

1948 – Jim Dandy Mangrum, vocalist (Black Oak Arkansas-Jim Dandy)

1949 – Sue Cook, British broadcaster

1949 – Naomi Sims, American fashion model and businesswoman

1950 – Rupert Greenall, rock keyboardist (Fixx)

1950 – Robbie Coltrane, Scottish actor and comedian

1951 – John Gosden, racehorse trainer

1957 – Paul Reiser, NYC, actor (My 2 Dads, Diner, Aliens, Mad About You)

1960 – William D Johnson, US alpine skier

1961 – Doug Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1999)

1962 – M C Hammer, [Stanley Kirk Burrell], Oakland Ca, rapper (Hammer Time)

1966 – Efstratios Grivas, Greek chess grandmaster and author

1967 – Ian Ziering, West Orange NJ, actor (Steve Sanders-Beverly Hills 90210)

1968 – Celine Dion, Quebec Canada, singer (I’m Your Woman)

1968 – Donna D’Errico, Dothan AL, playmate (Sep, 1995)

1970 – Secretariat, American racehorse (d. 1989)

1979 – Norah Jones, American singer and pianist

 

 

 

Deaths

988 – Arnulf II, count of Flanders (965-988), dies

1202 – Joachim Van Fiore, Italian religious founder (Joachimism), dies

1486 – Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury

1540 – Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg (b. 1469)

1559 – Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)

1662 – François le Métel de Boisrobert, French poet (b. 1592)

1707 – Vauban, French architect (b. 1633)

1783 – William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)

1840 – George (Beau) Brummell, Dandy, dies

1925 – Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64

1926 – Feliks E Dzerzjinski, Lithuanian organizer (KGB), dies at 48

1949 – Friedrich C R Bergius, chemist (brown coal, Nobel 1931), dies at 64

1961 – P J Melotte, discovered Jupiter’s 8th satellite Pasiphae, dies

1965 – Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)

1966 – Maxfield Parrish, US painter, dies at 95

1969 – Lucien Bianchi, Belgian auto racer, dies at 34

1979 – Airey Neave, British MP (Conservatives), killed by terrorist bomb

1981 – Dewitt Wallace, US founder (Reader’s Digest), dies at 91

1984 – Peter Yarrall, strongest Englishman/weighed 826 lb (374.7 kg), dies

1986 – James Cagney, actor (Yankee Doodle Dandy), dies in NY at 86

1994 – Albert Goldman, rock biographer (Elvis, John Lennon), dies at 66

2004 – Alistair Cooke, English-born journalist (b. 1908)

2008 – Dith Pran, The Killing Fields Photographer (b. 1942)

2008 – David Leslie, Touring Car Driver (b. 1953)

2008 – Richard Lloyd, Racing Car Driver (b. 1945)

2010 – Martin Sandberger, German military officer (b. 1911)

2012 – Viktor Kosichkin, Russian speed skater and Olympic gold medalist, dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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