Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1084 – Anti-pope Clemens crowns German emperor Hendrik IV

1146 – Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.

1492 – Queen Isabella of Castilia & Ferdinand of Aragon expels Jews

1504 – France & Spain signs ceasefire

1521 – Magelhaes takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus

1651 – Great earthquake at Cuzco Peru

1657 – English Humble Petition offers Lord Protector Cromwell the crown

1745 – Jews are expelled from Prague

1822 – The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.

1850 – US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))

1854 – Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US

1861 – Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans

1862 – Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River

1863 – Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA

1865 – Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)

1865 – Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg

1866 – The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.

1870 – 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)

1877 – The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.

1880 – 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)

1889 – 300m Eiffel Tower officially opens (commemorates French Revolution)

1900 – Brig-General Broadwoods troops fall into guerrilla hands

1917 – US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M & renames them Virgin Islands

1918 – 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect

1923 – 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs

1923 – French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die

1930 – The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next thirty eight years.

1933 – Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps

1939 – Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany

1944 – Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars

1945 – US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa

1948 – Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe

1949 – Newfoundland becomes Canada’s 10th province

1951 – US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea

1953 – Department of Health, Education & Welfare established

1954 – US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs Colo, established

1954 – USSR offers to join NATO

1958 – US Navy forms atomic sub division

1959 – Dalai Lama fled China & was granted political asylum in India

1965 – US ordered the 1st combat troops to Vietnam

1966 – 25,000 anti war demonstrators march in NYC

1967 – 1st time Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar (London)

1968 – Pirate Radio Station Pegaus (NZ) begins transmitting

1970 – Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth’s atmosphere (after 12 years in orbit).

1971 – William Calley sentenced to life for Mi Lai Massacre

1973 – Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a 12 round split decision

1975 – John Wooden’s final game, UCLA, wins 10th NCAA championship in 12 yrs

1976 – NJ Court rules Karen Anne Quinlan may be disconnected from respirator

1979 – The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).

1980 – President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry

1982 – Arkas tanker at Montz La, spills 1.47 million gallons of oil

1982 – Rock group Doobie Brothers split up

1986 – English Hampton Court palace destroyed by fire, 1 dead

1988 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Toni Morrison for “Beloved”

1990 – Riots began in London over the new poll tax laws

1991 – Danny Bonaduce attacks a transvestite prostitute in Phoenix Az

1994 – Human evolution: The journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull.

1997 – Pioneer 10, ends its mission

2004 – In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed.

2007 – In Sydney, Australia, 2.2 million people take part in the first Earth Hour.

 

 

Births

250 – Constantius Chlorus, Roman Emperor (d. 306)

1360 – Philippa of Lancaster, queen of Portugal (d. 1415)

1499 – Pius IV, [Gianangelo de’ Medici], Italian lawyer/pope (1559-65)

1504 – Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru (d. 1552)

1519 – Henry II, King of France (1547-59)

1536 – Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (d. 1565)

1596 – René Descartes, France, philosopher (he thought, therefore he was)

1675 – Benedict XIV, [Prospero L Lambertini], Italy, Pope (1740-58)

1730 – Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)

1732 – Franz Joseph Haydn, Vienna Austria, prominent composer of the classical period (The Creation/Die Schopfung)

1777 – Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (d. 1859)

1778 – Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (d. 1858)

1811 – Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von Bunsen, Germany, chemist (Bunsen Burner)

1831 – Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist

1835 – John La Farge, US painter

1837 – Robert Ross McBurney, 1st paid secretary of the YMCA

1837 – Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1839 – Nikolay Przhevalsky, naturalist, explorer of east central Asia (OS)

1840 – John Herbert Kelly, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1847 – Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)

1854 – Dugald Clerk, inventor (2-stroke motorcycle engine)

1855 – Alfred E. Hunt, founder of Alcoa (d. 1899)

1868 – Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist

1872 – Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev, Russia, dance master (Imperial Ballet)

1878 – Jack Johnson,1st black heavyweight boxing champ (1908-1915)

1884 – Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)

1890 – William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)

1912 – Wilhelmus Berkelmans, civil servant/resistance fighter

1914 – Octavio Paz, Mexico, writer/diplomat (Salamandra, Topoemas)

1915 – Henry Morgan, NYC, comedian/TV panelist (I’ve Got a Secret, Arena)

1915 – Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese military man (d. 1997)

1922 – Patrick J G McGee, North Ireland, actor (Clockwork Orange)

1922 – Richard Kiley, Chicago, actor (Man of La Mancha, Endless Love)

1924 – Leo Buscaglia, LA California, “Dr Hug”, psycholigist (Love)

1926 – John Fowles, England, novelist (Collector, French Leiutenent’s Woman)

1927 – William Daniels, Bkln NY, actor (Dr Mark Craig-St Elsewhere, 1776)

1928 – Gordie Howe, Floral Sask, NHL right wing (Detroit Redwings)

1929 – Liz Claiborne, Brussels Belgium, American fashion designer, entrepreneur and founder of Liz Claiborne Inc (d. 2007)

1932 – John Jakes, Chicago, writer (Sir Scoundrel, Great Women Reporters)

1935 – Herb Alpert, bandleader/trumpeteer (Tijuana Brass)/CEO (A & M)

1935 – Judith Rossner, US, writer (August)

1935 – Richard Chamberlain, Beverly Hills California, actor (Dr Kildare)

1942 – Michael Savage, American talk radio host and commentator

1943 – Christopher Walken, Astoria Queens, actor (Deer Hunter, Brainstorm)

1946 – Al Nichol, Winston Salem NC, rock guitarist/vocalist (Turtles)

1946 – Gabe Kaplan, Bkln NY, comedian/actor (Welcome Back Kotter)

1947 – Al Goodman, rock vocalist (Ray, Goodman, Brown)

1948 – Albert Gore Jr, Wash DC, (Sen-D-Tenn, 1985-92)/45th US VP (1993- )

1948 – Mick Ralphs, rocker

1948 – Rhea Perlman, Brooklyn, actress (Zena-Taxi, Carla-Cheers)

1948 – Thijs van Leer, Dutch singer/flutist (Focus, Introspection)

1950 – Richard Hughes, rocker (Johnny Winter Band)

1951 – Ed Marinaro, NYC, actor (Joe-Hill St Blues, Sonny-Laverne & Shirley)

1953 – Greg Martin, Louisville Ky, singer (Ky Headhunters-Davy Crockett)

1953 – Sean Hopper, California, rock keyboardist (Huey Lewis & The News)

1955 – Angus Young, Glascow Scotland, rock guitarist (AC/DC-Highway to Hell)

1957 – Mary Cadorette, East Hartford Ct, actress (Vicky-3’s a Crowd)

1961 – Ron Brown, LA California, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1984)

1964 – Erik Turner, Omaha Nebraska, rock guitarist (Warrant-Cherry Pie)

1965 – Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (d. 2006)

1966 – Natalie Gosselin, Levis Quebec, 52kg judoka (Olympics-96)

1971 – Ewan McGregor, Perth Scotland, Scottish actor (Trainspotting)

1972 – John Godina, Fort Sill Oklahoma, shot putter/discus thrower (Oly-silver-96)

1972 – Kelly O’Leary, Halifax Nova Scotia, kayaker (Olympics-96)

1974 – Carol Ann Plante, actress (Sara Henderson-Harry & the Hendersons)

1980 – Jenny Smith, Western Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)

1987 – “Baby M” born to a surrogate mother, awarded to her dad William Stern

1987 – Humpy Koneru, Indian chess grandmaster

 

 

Deaths

1074 – Regency Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japan (b. 992)

1340 – Ivan I of Moscow, Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1288)

1389 – Everhard Tserclaes, sheriff of Brussels, murdered

1547 – Francis I, King of France (b. 1494)

1567 – Philip, the Generous, count of Hessen, dies at 62

1578 – Juan de Escobedo, sec of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, murdered

1621 – Philip III, King of Spain (1598-1621), dies at 42

1631 – John Donne, Metaphysical poet, dies (birth date unknown)

1727 – Isaac Newton, English physicist/astronomer, dies in London at 84

1850 – John Calhoun, dies at 68

1855 – Charlotte Bronte, English author (Jane Eyre), dies at 38

1901 – John Stainer, composer, dies at 60

1913 – John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/CEO (US Steel Corp), dies at 75

1931 – Knute Rockne, football player/coach, dies in a plane crash at 43

1944 – Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies

1945 – Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), dies at 63

1945 – Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45

1970 – Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WW II), dies at 75

1978 – Charles Best, Canadian medical scientist (b. 1899)

1986 – Harry Ritz, comedian/actor (Ritz Brothers), dies at 79

1986 – O’Kelly Isley, US, singer (Isley Brothers), dies of heart attack at 48

1991 – John Carter, US jazz clarinetist (Roots & folklore), dies

1993 – Brandon Lee, US actor (Crow)/son of Bruce Lee, accidentally shot at 28

1995 – Selena, Mexican Grammy winning singer, killed by a fan at 24

1996 – Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer, dies at 91

1998 – Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)

2005 – Frank Perdue, American poultry farmer (b. 1920)

2005 – Terri Schiavo, American figure in right to die case (b. 1963)

2006 – Jackie McLean, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1931 or 1932)

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