Today In The Past

 

 

Events

419 – [Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1043 – Edward the Confessor crowned king of England

1077 – The first Parliament of Friuli is created.

1312 – 2nd council of Vienna

1376 – Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat France

1559 – Spain & France signs 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis

1657 – English Lord Protector Cromwell refuses crown

1679 – Edmund Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig

1721 – Robert Walpole becomes England’s 1st Lord of the Treasury

1776 – Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College

1783 – Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce

 

 

 

1790 – Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard), created (3rd or 4th)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1856 – Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos

1860 – Pony Express began between St Joseph Mo & Sacramento Calif

1864 – Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas

1865 – Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)

1865 – Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va & Petersberg

1868 – An Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever, he rides a 50′ tidal wave

1882 – Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks

1882 – American Old West: Outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford.

1908 – Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in 2 hrs

1910 – Highest mountain in North America, Alaska’s Mt McKinley climbed

1913 – British suffragette Emily Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail

1918 – House of Reps accepts American Creed written by William Tyler

1925 – Great Britain goes back to gold standard

1927 – Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone

1929 – RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.

1933 – 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest

1933 – Then longest North American hockey game requires a 1:44:46 overtime as Maple Leaf Ken Doraty scores to beat Canadiens 1-0

1935 – Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44)

1936 – Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round

1936 – Shortest boxing bout with gloves lasts only 10 seconds

1941 – Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion

1944 – British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz

1944 – Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) “white primaries” unconstitutional

1945 – Hengelo freed from nazi control by Canadian army

1945 – Nazi’s begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald

1945 – US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar

1948 – 1st US figure skating championships held

1948 – Harry Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)

1948 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill

1948 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

1954 – Don Perry climbs a 20′ rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)

1956 – Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado.

1958 – Fidel Castro’s rebels attacked Havana

1962 – Jockey Eddie Arcaro retires after 31 years (24,092 races)

1962 – Lt General Marshall S Carter, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA

1965 – 1st atomic powered spacecraft (snap) launched

1966 – Tom Seaver, signs with the Mets for a reported $50,000 bonus

1967 – 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum

1968 – N Vietnam agrees to meet US reps to set up preliminary peace talks

1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to “Vietnamize” the war effort.

1970 – Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th try

1973 – The first portable cell phone call is made in New York City, United States.

1974 – 148 tornadoes are reported over an area covering a dozen states

1974 – Gold hits record $197 an ounce in Paris

 

 

 

1974 – The Super Outbreak occursthe biggest tornado outbreak in recorded historyThe death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend

1977 – Egyptian Pres Anwar Sadat 1st meeting with President Jimmy Carter

1981 – Arnie Boldt of Saskatchewan jumped 6′ 8.25,” with 1 leg

1981 – Race riots in London’s Brixton area

1984 – Soyuz T-11 carries 3 cosmonauts (1 Indian-Rakesh Sharma) to Salyut 7

1985 – Vic Elliot pocketed 15,780 pool balls in 24 hours in London

1986 – US national debt hits $2,000,000,000,000

1987 – Bill Elliott sets NASCAR qualify record of 212.809 mph at Talladega

1988 – 7th NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship: Louisiana Tec beat Auburn 56-54

1988 – Mario Lemieux wins NHL scoring title, stopping Gretzky’s 7 year streak

 

 

 

1991 – Bo Jackson signs 1-year contract with Chicago White Sox

 

 

 

 

 

 

1991 – UN Security Council adopts Gulf War truce resolution

1994 – 1st roster of Silver Bullets (all-female pro baseball team) announced

1997 – Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.

2004 – Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.

2007 – Conventional-Train World Speed Record: a French TGV train on the LGV Est high speed line sets an official new world speed record.

2012 – Spanish unemployment reaches record high, youth unemployment stands at 50%

 

 

 

Births

1151 – Igor Svyatoslavich, Ukrainian prince (d. 1202)

1245 – Philips III, the Stout, King of France (1270-85)

1367 – Henry IV, Bolingbroke Lincolnshire, King of England (1399-1413)

1438 – John III van Egmont, [Manke John], viceroy of Holland

1529 – Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1581)

1683 – Mark Catesby, English naturalist (d. 1749)

1693 – George Edwards, English naturalist (d. 1773)

1715 – William Watson, English physician and scientist (d. 1787)

1783 – Washington Irving, US writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow)

1798 – Charles D Wilkes, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1877

1822 – Edward Everett Hale, US, clergyman/author (Man without a Country)

1823 – William Macy “Boss” Tweed, corrupt political boss (NYC)

1842 – Ulric Dahlgren, Col (Union volunteers), died in 1864

1866 – James B Hertzog, South African general/premier (1914-39)

1885 – Harry St John Philby, [sheik Abdullah], British explorer

1885 – Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1954)

1893 – Leslie Howard, [Stainer], London, actor (Gone With the Wind)

1894 – Dooley Wilson, Tyler Tx, actor (Bill-Beulah, Casablanca)

 

 

 

1898 – George Jesseltoastmaster general/entertainer (Diary of Young Comic)

 

 

 

 

 

1898 – Henry R Luce, Tengchow China, publisher (Time, Fortune, Life)

1904 – Russel Wright, American industrial designer (d. 1976)

1905 – Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (d. 1965)

1915 – Paul Touvier, war criminal

1916 – Herb Caen, Sacramento California, columnist (SF Chronicle)

1920 – John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), (d. 2012)

1924 – Doris Day, Cincinnati Oh, “girl next door” actress (Pillow Talk)

1924 – Marlon Brando, Omaha Neb, actor (Superman, Godfather)

1926 – Virgil Grissom, Mitchell Ind, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Merc 4, Gemini 3)

1927 – Wesley Brown, Baltimore, Maryland, 1st African American US Naval Academy graduate, (d. 2012)

1928 – Don Gibson, American country musician (d. 2003)

1930 – Helmut Kohl, chancellor (Germany, 1982- )

1930 – Max Frankel, journalist (Tables of Id of Organic Compounds)

1934 – Jane Goodall, London England, ethologist (studied African chimps)

1934 – John Lelliott, English contractor/multi-millionaire

1936 – Jimmy McGriff, American jazz organist

1936 – Reginald Hill, British crime author (Andrew Dalziel and Peter Pascoe novels)

1941 – Eric Braeden, Aust, actor (Victor Newman-Young & Restless, Colossus)

1941 – Jan Berry, LA California, rock vocalist (Jan & Dean-Deadman’s Curve)

1941 – Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (d. 1984)

1942 – Billy Joe Royal, Valdosta Ga, country singer (Down in the Boondocks)

1942 – Marsha Mason, St Louis Mo, actress (Blume in Love, Cinderella Liberty)

1942 – Michael Elliott, US, skier (Olympics-1968)

1942 – Rick Sylvester, parachute ski jumper (world record 3,300′)

1942 – Wayne Newton, American singer

1943 – Doreen Tracey, English-born Mouseketeer

1944 – Barry Pritchard, rock guitarist (Fortunes)

1944 – Tony Orlando, NYC, singer (& Dawn-Tie a Yellow Ribbon)

1945 – Richard Manuel, rock pianist/vocalist (Band-Up on Cripple Creek)

1946 – John Virgo, British snooker player

1948 – Mary Gordon-Watson, England, equestrian 3 day event (Oly-gold-1972)

1949 – Lyle Alzado, NFLer (LA Raiders)/actor (Oceans of Fire, Hangfire)

1949 – Richard Thompson, vocalist/guitarist (Shoot Out the Lights)

1951 – Mel Schacher, MI, bassist (Grand Funk Railroad-Some Kind of Wonderful)

1955 – Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yablontsev, Russian lt-colonel/cosmonaut

1955 – Mick Mars, guitarst (Motley Crue)

1959 – David Hyde Pierce, NY, actor (Niles Crane-Fraiser)

1961 – Eddie Murphy, Bkln NY, actor (SNL, 48 Hours, Beverly Hills Cop, Raw)

1962 – John Gruffith, rocker (Red Rockers)

1962 – Mike Ness, rocker (Social Distortion)

1962 – Nancy Filteau, Swift Current Saskatchawan, 72k judoka (Olympics-96)

1964 – Ajay Sharma, cricketer (Indian spin all-rounder played one Test 1988)

1966 – John de Vries, Australian racing driver

1968 – Sebastian Philip Clerk Bach, Bahamas, rock (Skid Row-Psycho Love)

1968 – Jamie Hewlett, English illustrator

1971 – Peter Schwab, Boston, Mass, rower (Olympics-1996)

 

 

 

1971 – Picabo Streetskier (Olympicgold94,98,02)

 

picabo-street-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Jennie Garth, Champagn Ill, actr (Kelly Taylor-Beverly Hills 90210)

1981 – Heath Ramsay, Australian Olympic swimmer

1986 – Amanda Bynes, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

33 – Christ, crucified (according to astronomer Humphreys & Waddington)

628 – Chosroes II, emperor of Persia (579..628), murdered by his son

963 – William III, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 915)

1287 – Honorius IV, [Giacomo Savelli], Italian Pope (1285-87), dies

1350 – Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1295)

1512 – Richard Pafraet, Dutch printer, dies

1525 – Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api), dies at 49

1680 – Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire, India (b. 1630)

1682 – Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish painter, dies

1717 – Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)

1792 – George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)

1827 – Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)

1862 – James Clark Ross, Arctic explorer, dies

1882 – Jesse James, outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford

1897 – Johannes Brahms, German composer/conductor (Hung Dances), dies at 63

1936 – Bruno Hauptmann, convicted Lindbergh baby killer, executed

1943 – Conrad Veidt, German/US actor (Cabinet of Dr Calgary), dies at 50

1946 – Masaharu Homma, Lt Gen (responsible for Bataan Death March), executed

1950 – Kurt Julian Weill, German composer (Dreigroschenoper), dies at 50

1962 – Benny “Kid” Paret, US welterweight boxer, dies after fight, at 24

1971 – Joseph Valachi, US gangster, dies at 66

1971 – Manfred Bonnington Lee, [Ellery Queen], detective writer, dies at 65

1981 – Juan Trippe, Airline entrepreneur and pioneer, Pan Am founder (b. 1899)

1982 – Warren Oates, actor (East of Eden, Stoney Burke), dies at 53

1988 – Milton A Caniff, US cartoonist (Terry & the Pirates), dies at 81

 

 

 

1990 – Sarah Vaughn, jazz singer, dies of lung cancer at 66 (See Our Birthday Tribute)

 

Videos

 

 

 

 

1991 – Graham Greene, Brit writer (3rd Man, Our man in Havana), dies at 86

1993 – Dieter Plage, German wildlife filmmaker, dies at 57

1993 – Pinky Lee, kiddie host (Pinky Lee Show), dies of heart attack at 85

1994 – Frank G Wells, US director (Walt Disney), dies at 62

1994 – Jerome Lejeune, French geneticist (Syndrome of Down), dies at 67

1996 – Ron Brown, sec of Comerce, dies in an accident

1996 – Roosevelt “Booba” Barnes, bluesman, dies at 59

1997 – Judy Flannery, master triathelete, killed by a car at 56

1998 – Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (b. 1900)

2003 – Michael Kelly, American journalist (b. 1957)

2007 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach (b. 1919)

2007 – Nina Wang, Asia’s richest woman (b. 1937)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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