Today In The Past

 

 

Events

456 – St. Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop.

823 – Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I, co-emperor of France

1058 – Bishop John “Minchio,” [domkop] elected as Pope Benedictus X

 

 

 

1242 – Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights

 

 

 

 

 

 

1566 – 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition

1585 – Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch

1603 – New English king James I departs Edinburgh for London

1609 – Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa.

1614 – 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)

1621 – Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England

1648 – Spanish troops/feudal barons strike down people’s uprising in Naples

1762 – British take Grenada, West Indies, from French

1768 – 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)

1792 – George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

1804 – High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil.

1806 – Isaac Quintard patents apple cider

1812 – Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French & Spanish

1814 – Netherlands Bank issues it’s 1st banknotes

1815 – Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)

1818 – In the Battle of Maipú, Chile’s independence movement – led by Bernardo O’Higgins and José de San Martín – win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

1861 – Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Tx

1862 – Siege of Yorktown VA

 

 

 

1865 – Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)

 

 

 

 

 

1881 – Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty

1894 – 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn

1895 – Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

1896 – 1st modern Olympic Games officially opens in Athens

1897 – The Greco-Turkish War, also called “Thirty Days’ War”, is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.

1900 – Attempted assassination of Edward, British Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails

1902 – In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517

1904 – The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.

1915 – Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title

1919 – Polish Army executes 35 young Jews

1923 – Firestone Co put their inflatable tires into production

1927 – Johnny Weissmuller set records in 100 & 200 m free style

1936 – Tupelo Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die

1939 – Membership in Hitler Youth becomes obligatory

1943 – Poon Lim found after being adrift 133 days

1944 – 140 Lancasters bomb airplane manufacturer in Toulouse

1944 – World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.

1949 – 60 year old St Anthony’s Hospital burns, kills 77 (Effingham Ill)

1949 – Fireside Theater debuts on television.

1951 – Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death

1952 – Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title

1954 – Elvis Presley records his debut single, “That’s All Right”

1955 – Winston Churchill resigns as British PM, Anthony Eden succeeds him

 

 

 

1958 – Ripple Rockan underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest non-nuclear controlled explosions of the time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1962 – NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m

1962 – St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands

1963 – Beatles receive their 1st silver disc (Please Please Me)

1964 – 1st driverless trains run on London Underground

1965 – Lava Lamp Day celebrated

1967 – ’76er Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA record of 41 rebounds

1967 – ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit

1969 – Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities.

1971 – Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole

1971 – Mount Etna erupts in Sicily Italy

1971 – US Lt Wiliam Calley (My Lai Massacre) sentenced to life

1972 – Mets trade Ken Singleton to Expos for Rusty Staub

1973 – NFL adopts jersey numbering system (ie QBs, 1-19)

1973 – Pioneer 11 launched to Jupiter

1974 – Then tallest building, World Trade Center opens in NYC (110 stories)

1975 – Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely

1981 – Phila Flyers amass a record 2,621 penalty minutes

1982 – British fleet sails to Falkland Islands

1984 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar breaks Wilt Chamberlain’s all-time career scoring record of 31,419 points (31,421)

1986 – Record for a throw-and-return boomerang toss is set (121m)

 

 

 

1986 – 2 US soldiers & Turkish woman killed in West Berlin disco bombing

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987 – Fox TV network premieres showing Married With Children & Tracey Ullman

1987 – Wayne Gretzky wins 7th straight NHL scoring title

1989 – Orel Hershiser ends his 59 consecutive scoreless pitched inning streak

1989 – Solidarity grants legal status in Poland

1990 – John Stockton reaches 1000-assist mark for NBA record 3 yrs in a row

1990 – Paul Newman wins a court victory over Julius Gold, to keep giving all profits from Newman foods to charity

1991 – US begins air drops to Kurd refugees in Northern Iraq

1992 – Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington, D.C.

1996 – John Bobbitt is put under house arrest in Las Vegas for 120 days

1997 – Galileo, 3rd Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 7)

1999 – Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.

2009 – North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks.

2012 – 77 year old pensioner’s suicide outside Greece’s parliament prompts further protests in Athens

2012 – International internet group Anonymous hack several Chinese bureaus in opposition to censorship

 

 

 

Births

1288 – Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (d. 1336)

1472 – Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1510)

1523 – Blaise de Vigenère, French cryptographer (d. 1596)

 

 

 

1588 – Thomas HobbesEnglandphilosopher (Leviathan)

 

 

 

 

 

1622 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (d. 1703)

1649 – Elihu Yale, England, philanthropist founded Yale

1725 – Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer/philanderer/adventurer (uncertain)

1752 – Sébastien Érard, French musical instruments maker (d. 1831)

 

 

 

1795 – Henry HavelockBritish soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1816 – Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1890)

1818 – Lewis Baldwin Parsons, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1822 – James Nagle, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1866

1825 – David Rumph “Neighbor” Jones, Major General (Confederate Army)

1827 – Joseph Lister, England, physician (founded aseptic surgery)

1837 – Algernon Charles Swinburne, England, poet (Atalanta in Calydon)

1838 – Alpheus Hyatt, US, invertebrate paleontologist

1839 – Robert Smalls, Beaufort SC, black congressman 1875-87 (Rep-SC)

1856 – Booker Taliaferro Washington, pioneer educator (1st black on US stamp)

1869 – Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)

1871 – Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)

1872 – Samuel Cate Prescott, American food scientist and microbiologist (d. 1962)

1893 – Clas Thunberg, Finland, speed skater (Olympic-gold-1924, 28)

1900 – Spencer Tracy, Milwaukee, actor (Father’s Little Dividend, Adam’s Rib)

1901 – Chester Bowles, Mass, ambassador/writer (Conscience of a Liberal)

1901 – Melvyn Douglas, [Hesselberg], Macon Ga, actor (Hud, Ghost Story)

1907 – J Zeldenrust, Dutch pathologist/anatomist

1908 – Bette Davis, Lowell Mass, famous eyes (Of Human Bondage, Jezebel)

1909 – Alberto Romero “Cubby” Broccoli, NYC, film producer (James Bond)

1911 – Gordon Jones, Alden Iowa, actor (Mike the Cop-Abbott & Costello)

1916 – Gregory Peck, La Jolla California, actor (To Kill a Mockingbird, MacArthur)

1917 – Robert [Albert] Bloch, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Psycho)

1920 – Arthur Hailey, Luton England, novelist (Hotel, Airport)

1922 – Gale Storm, Bloomington Tx, actr (My Little Margie, Gale Storm Show)

1923 – Michael V Gazzo, Hillside NJ, actor (Cookie, Fear City)

1923 – Nguyen Van Thieu, South Vietnam president (1965-75)

1926 – Milton O Thompson, astronaut (Dynasoar, X-15)

1926 – Roger Corman, Detroit, producer/director (Little Shop of Horrors)

1928 – Tony Williams, Elizabeth NJ, singer (Platters-Only You, Harbor Lights)

1929 – Nigel Hawthorne, actor (Tartuffe, Pope John Paul II)

1933 – Frank Gorshin, Pittsburgh Pa, comedian/impersonator (Riddler-Batman)

 

 

 

1934 – Stanley Turrentinejazz saxophonist (Wonderland)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

1934 – Tina Maria Stone, runner (1 year distance record of 15,472 miles)

1935 – Donald Lynden-Bell, British astronomer

1937 – Colin Powell, Bronx NY, general/asst to president (Nat Sec Affairs)

1937 – Stuart May, senior partner (Theodore Goddard)

1937 – Allan R. Thieme, American inventor

1939 – Andrew Buxton, CEO (Barclays Bank)

1939 – Lonnie White, vocalist (Smokey Robinson & Miracles-Shop Around)

1941 – Dave Swarbrick, rocker (Fairport Convention)

1942 – Allan Clarke, rock vocalist (Hollies-Air That I Breathe)

1942 – Peter Greenaway, Welsh film director

1943 – Jonathan Lynn, Bath England, actor (Danny-Doctor in the House)

1943 – Max Gail, Detroit, (Barney Miller, Whiz Kids, DC Cab, Normal People)

1944 – Ann [Elizabeth] Maxwell, US, sci-fi author (Jaws of Menx)

1944 – Dave Holland, heavy metal rocker (Judas Priest-Breakin’ the Law)

1944 – James Buckley, CEO (Baltic Exchange)

1946 – Robert E McKee, CEO/managing director (Conoco-UK)

1947 – Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, President of the Philippines

1949 – Judith Arlene Resnik, Akron Ohio, ast (STS 41D, 51L-Chal disaster)

1950 – Agnetha Fältskog [Anna Ulvaeus], Swedish singer (ABBA)

1951 – Everett Morton, rocker (English Beat)

1951 – Roosevel Ferguson, Arkansas, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1951 – Dean Kamen, American inventor

1955 – Renate Bruemmer, astronaut/cosmonaut

1955 – Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist

1957 – Vince Gill, Norman Oklahoma, country singer (When I Call Your Name)

 

 

 

1958 – Cammie LuskoLA CaliforniaGuinness’ World Strongest Woman

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – Jim LeRoy, Airshow Pilot

1962 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (d. 2003)

1964 – Christopher “Kid” Reid, American rapper (Kid ‘n Play)

1968 – Paula Cole, American musician

1972 – Tom Coronel, Dutch racing driver

1973 – Élodie Bouchez, French actress

1973 – Pharrell, American music producer (The Neptunes)

1974 – Mike DuHaney, New Haven Ct, soccer defender (Olympics-gold-96)

1976 – Ryan Drese, SF California, baseball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)

1977 – JoAnn Sevin, Dubois PA, air pistol (Olympics-1996)

 

 

 

1981 – Michael A. Monsoora United States Navy SEAL killed in Iraq and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

 

 

 

 

Air Force Medal of Honor

 

 

” For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as automatic weapons gunner for Naval Special Warfare Task Group Arabian Peninsula, in support of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM on 29 September 2006. As a member of a combined SEAL and Iraqi Army Sniper Overwatch Element, tasked with providing early warning and stand-off protection from a rooftop in an insurgent held sector of Ar Ramadi, Iraq, Petty Officer Monsoor distinguished himself by his exceptional bravery in the face of grave danger. In the early morning, insurgents prepared to execute a coordinated attack by reconnoitering the area around the element�s position. Element snipers thwarted the enemy�s initial attempt by eliminating two insurgents. The enemy continued to assault the element, engaging them with a rocket-propelled grenade and small arms fire. As enemy activity increased, Petty Officer Monsoor took position with his machine gun between two teammates on an outcropping of the roof. While the SEALs vigilantly watched for enemy activity, an insurgent threw a hand grenade from an unseen location, which bounced off Petty Officer Monsoor�s chest and landed in front of him. Although only he could have escaped the blast, Petty Officer Monsoor chose instead to protect his teammates. Instantly and without regard for his own safety, he threw himself onto the grenade to absorb the force of the explosion with his body, saving the lives of his two teammates. By his undaunted courage, fighting spirit, and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of certain death, Petty Officer Monsoor gallantly gave his life for his country, thereby reflecting great credit upon himself and upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.”

 

 

 

 

Deaths

582 – Eutychius, Patriarch of Constantinople (c. 512)

828 – Nicephorus, patriarch of Constantinopel (806-15), dies at about 77

1168 – Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester (b. 1104)

1258 – Julian of Cornillon/Liege, Flemish visionary/saint, dies

1270 – Ramban Nachmanides, Talmudic scholar (Hiddushei Ha-Ramden), dies

1419 – Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1350)

1531 – Richard Roose, boiled to death for trying to poison an archbishop

1673 – Francois Caron, admiral/governor (Formosa), drowns at about 72

1676 – John Winthrop, the Younger, American politician (b. 1606)

1697 – Charles XI, King of Sweden (1660-97), dies at 41

1723 – J Fischer von Erlach, Austrian architect (Hofburg, Vienna), dies at 66

1794 – Georges-Jacques Danton, French revolutionary leader, guillotined at 34

1900 – Comte de Villebois-Marevil, French/South African general, dies in battle

1918 – Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer, dies at 73

1928 – Jane Ellen Harrison, scholar/archaeologist, dies

1941 – Sir Nigel Gresley, Steam locomotive engineer (b. 1876)

1952 – Charles Collett, GWR chief mechanical engineer (b. 1871)

1964 – Douglas MacArthur, US general (Pacific theater-WW II), dies at 84

1967 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1890)

1970 – Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist (b. 1891)

 

 

 

1976 – Howard Hughesreclusive billionairedies at 72

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Bob “Bear” Hite, rocker (Canned Heat), dies of a heart attack at 36

1981 – Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder, dies at 80

1982 – Abe Fortas, Supreme court justice, dies at 71

1983 – Danny Rapp, American musician (Danny & the Juniors) (b. 1941)

1984 – Arthur Travors Harris, marshal of British RAF, dies

1986 – Manly Wade Wellman, sci-fi author (Devil’s Planet), dies at 82

1991 – John Tower, (Sen-R-Tx), dies in a plane crash at 65

1991 – Manley Lanier “Sonny” Carter Jr, USN/astro (STS 33), dies at 43

1992 – Sam Walton, Billionaire CEO (Wal-Mart), dies of cancer at 74

1992 – Samuel H Reshevsky, Polish/US chess grandmaster, dies at 80

1994 – Roy Smeck, guitarist/banjoist, dies at 94

1994 – Kurt Cobain, grunge rocker (Nirvana), commits suicide by gun at 27 in Seattle, Washington

1997 – Allen Ginsberg, beat poet, dies at 80

1998 – Cozy Powell, British musician (b. 1947)

2000 – Lee Petty, American race car driver (b. 1914)

2002 – Layne Staley, American musician (Alice in Chains) (b. 1967)

2004 – Heiner Zieschang, German mathematician (b. 1936)

2004 – Sławomir Rawicz, Polish soldier (b. 1915)

2005 – Saul Bellow, Canadian born writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)

2005 – Dale Messick, American comic strip artist (b. 1906)

2006 – Gene Pitney, American singer (b. 1941)

 

 

 

2008 – Charlton HestonAmerican Actordies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

2012 – Ferdinand A. Porsche, German car designer, dies at 76

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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