Today In The Past

 

 

Events

193 – Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).

475 – Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.

715 – Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1241 – Battle of Liegnitz – Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans

1388 – Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army

1413 – Henry V is crowned King of England.

1440 – Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.

1483 – Edward V (12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England (never crowned). Disappears, presumed murdered same year.

1682 – Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France

1783 – Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India

1816 – African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Phila)

1829 – Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200

1831 – Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain & Spain

1833 – 1st tax-supported public library (Peterborough, NH)

1864 – Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities

1865 – General Robert E Lee and 26,765 troopssurrender at Appomattox Court House in Virginia to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant

1866 – Civil Rights Bill passes over Pres Andrew Johnson’s veto

1869 – Hudson Bay Company cedes it’s territory to Canada

1870 – American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves

1909 – The U.S. Congress passes the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act.

1912 – 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)

1912 – Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for NY

1913 – Brooklyn Dodger’s Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0

1914 – “World, the Flesh & the Devil,” 1st color film, shown in London

1914 – Tampico incident – US ship crew arrested in Mexico

1917 – Battle of Arras begins

1917 – Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops

1925 – Babe Ruth rushed to hospital

1927 – Italy & US anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti given death sentences

1928 – Turkey passes separation of church & state

1939 – Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at Lincoln Memorial

1940 – German cruiser Blucher torpedoed/capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die

1940 – Germany invades Norway & Denmark during WW II (Denmark surrenders)

1941 – PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame

1942 – Battle of BataanUS-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japs at Bataan

1945 – Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel

1945 – Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360

1945 – World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends.

1947 – Atomic Energy Commission confirmed

1947 – Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300

1950 – Bob Hope’s 1st TV appearance

1953 – “TV Guide” publishes 1st issue

1953 – Jomo Kenyatta sentenced to 7 years in Kenya

1953 – Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax.

1957 – Suez Canal cleared for all shipping

1959 – NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury

1960 – South African premier Verwoerd wounded in battle

1962 – JFK throws out 1st ball at Washington’s new DC Stadium

1963 – Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen

1967 – 1st Boeing 737 rolls out

1967 – The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.

1968 – Martin Luther King Jr, buried in Atlanta

1969 – 1st flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol)

1974 – Padres owner Ray Kroc, addresses fans “Ladies & gentlemen, I suffer with you I’ve never seen such stupid baseball playing in my life”

1976 – US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use

1978 – David Thompson scores ties 3rd highest total in the NBA – 73

1979 – Longest doubles ping-pong match of 101 hrs, begins

1981 – US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru

1986 – “Dallas” announces it will revive killed Bobby Ewing character

1987 – For 3rd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 goals in a Stanley Cup game Wayne Gretzky passes Jean Beliveau as all time playoff scoring champ

1988 – US imposes economic sanctions on Panama

1989 – Mike Tyson strikes a parking attendant when asked to move his car

1989 – Rickey Henderson steals his 800th career base in NY’s 4-3 loss to Clev

1989 – Scott Hoch chokes on 18 inch putt & loses Masters golf tournament

1992 – John Majors, (C) elected PM of England

1992 – Noriega convicted on 8 of 10 drug & racketeering charges

1992 – Record 18 golfers shoot in 60s in Masters round 1 (old record 12)

1992 – US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of drugs

1993 – Colorado Rockies 1st home game & 1st victory, 11-4 over Mont Expos

2003 – Baghdad falls to U.S. forces resulting in widespread looting

2011 – A gunman murdered five people, injured eleven, and committed suicide in a mall in the Netherlands.

2012 – The Lion King becomes highest grossing Broadway show after overtaking The Phantom of the Opera

Births

1336 – Tamerlane (Timur), Central AsianTurkic conqueror (d. 1405)

Tamerlane

1498 – John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman (d. 1550)

1597 – John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (d. 1670)

1648 – Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat (d. 1720)

1770 – Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (d. 1831)

1794 – Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (d. 1881)

1806 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel, designer of 1st transatlantic steamer

1812 – Randolph Barnes Marcy, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1887

1865 – Erich Ludendorff, general (Germany)

1888 – Sol Hurok, theatrical impresario

1889 – Efrem Zimbalist, Rostov on Don Russia, composer/violinist

1895 – Mance LipscombTexasblues musician (Texas Sharecropper)

VIDEOS

1898 – Earl “Curly” Lambeau, NFL coach (GB Packers)

1898 – Paul Robeson, Philadelphia, singer (Old Man River)/actor/footballer

1903 – Gregory Pincus, inventor (birth control pill) [or Nov 9]

 

 

 

1903 – Ward BondDenver Coloactor (SethWagon Trains)

VIDEOS

1905 – J William Fulbright, (Sen-D-Ark)

1911 – Lord Deramore, architect

1918 – Jorn Utzon, Danish architect (Sydney Opera House)

1919 – John Presper Eckert, co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC)

1920 – Art Van Damme, Norway Mich, jazz accordionist (Chicago Jazz)

1921 – Jean-Marie Balestre, French motorsports official (FIA) (d. 2008)

1922 – Michael Palliser, head of British diplomatic service

1925 – Michael Richardson, vice CEO (N M Rotschild)

1926 – Hugh Hefner, [Marston], Chicagp, magazine publisher (Playboy)

1930 – F. Albert Cotton, American chemist (d. 2007)

1930 – Nathaniel Branden, Canadian psychotherapist

1932 – Carl Perkins, Jackson Tn, singer/songwriter (Blue Suede Shoes)

1932 – Jim Fowler, Albany Ga, naturalist (Wild Kingdom)

1932 – Paul Krassner, comic strip cartoonist (MAD Magazine)/founder (Yippies)

1932 – Cheeta, chimpanzee actor

1933 – Jean-Paul Belmondo, Paris France, actor (Casino Royale, Magnifique)

1935 – Avery Schreiber, Chicago Ill, comedian (My Mother the Car)

1937 – Barrington J[ohn] Bayley, UK, sci-fi author (Collision Course)

1939 – Michael Learned, Wash DC, actress (Olivia-Waltons, Nurse)

1942 – Galina A Kulakova, USSR, nordic skier (Olympic-3 golds-1972)

1949 – Chico Ryan, rock vocalist (Sha Na Na)

1949 – Steve Gaddjazz drummer (Triplet HopComplex Jazz)

VIDEOS

1953 – Hal Ketchum, Greenwich NY, country singer (Small Town Saturday Night)

1954 – Dennis Quaid, Houston TX, actor (Big Easy, Dreamscape, Right Stuff)

1954 – Iain Duncan Smith, British politician

1957 – Severiano Ballesteros, Spain, golfer (British Open 1979, 84, 88)

1963 – Joe Scarborough, American television personality

1965 – Paolo Cane, Itaty, tennis star

1965 – Paulina PorizkovaProstejov Czechmodel , actress

1965 – Jeff Zucker, American television executive

1965 – Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted murderer (d. 2002)

1966 – Cynthia Nixon, NYC, actress (Addams Family Values, Pelican Brief)

1969 – Amy Feng, Tianjin China, US table tennis player (Olympics-96)

1971 – Wang Yang, youngest Olympic record breaker at age 17 (Oly-1988)

1972 – Karen Clark, Calgary Alberta, synchro swimmer (Olympics-silver-96)

1974 – Sharon Pelletier, Madawaska Maine, Miss America-Maine (1996)

1974 – Alexander Pichushkin, Russian serial killer

1977 – Gerard Way, American musician (My Chemical Romance)

1979 – Keshia Knight Pulliam, Newark NJ, actress (Rudy-Crosby)

1979 – Albert Hammond, Jr., American guitarist (The Strokes)

1980 – Kristin Lee, Bethesda Md, rhythmic gymnast (US team-96)

1981 – Eric Harris, Columbine High School shooter (d. 1999)

1986 – Leighton Meester, American actress

1990 – Kristen Stewart, Los Angeles, California, American actress (Bella Swan-The Twilight Saga)

1998 – Elle Fanning, American Actress

Deaths

93 – Yuan An, Minister over the Masses of the Han dynasty

491 – Zeno, Byzantine Emperor

715 – Constantine I, Greek/Syrian Pope (708-15), dies

1024 – Benedict VIII, [Theophylactus van Tusculum], Pope (1012-24), dies

1137 – William X, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1099)

1484 – Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales (b. 1473), son of Richard III King of England

1553 – Francois Rabelais, French author (Gargantua/Pantagruel), dies at 49

1626 – Francis BaconEnglish statesman and philosopherdies from pneumonia at 65

1747 – Simon Fraser, 12th baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England

1754 – Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75

1806 – William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic dies at 58

1807 – John Opie, Engl painter/illustrator: Shakespeare gallery, dies at 45

1850 – William Prout, physician/chemist, dies

1852 – John Howard Payneactor/playwright (Fair Warning), dies

1862 – George W Johnson, US planter/Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50

1865 – Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32

1872 – Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (b. 1794)

1882 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53

1889 – Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)

1917 – Edward Thomas, poet, killed in WW I

1944 – Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)

1945 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged

1945 – Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, “July 20th plot”, hanged

1945 – Hans von Dohnanyi, “July 20th plotter”, hanged

1945 – Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged

1945 – Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)

1951 – Vilhelm F K Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology, dies at 89

1959 – Frank Lloyd Wright, US architect (Guggenheim Museum NY), dies at 89

1962 – Juan Belmonte, famed bullfighter, dies at 70

1970 – Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (b. 1896)

1982 – Robert H G Havemann, German chemist/dissident, dies

 

 

 

1988 – Brook Bentonsinger (Just a Matter of Time), dies at 56 of meningitis

brook%20benton-5

VIDEOS

1988 – Dave Prater, rocker (Sam & Dave), dies in a car crash at 50

1991 – Maurice Binder, title designer (James Bond Movies), dies at 73

1994 – Keith Watson, British comic strip artist (Dan Dare), dies at 59

1996 – James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls), dies at 81

1996 – Richard Thomas Condon, author, dies at 81

2002 – Leopold Vietoris, Austrian mathematician (b. 1891)

2010 – Aladár Kovácsi, Hungarian modern pentathlon olimpic champion (1952, Helsinki) (b. 1932)

2011 – Sidney Lumet, American film director (b. 1924)

2012 – Mark Lenzi, American Olympic Diver, dies from hypertension at 43

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