Today In The Past

 

Events

467 – Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.

1065 – Pilgrims under bishop Gunther of Bamberg reach Jerusalem

 

 

 

1204 – 4th Crusade occupies & plunders Constantinople

 

 

 

 

 

 

1229 – Queen Blanche of Castile & earl Raymond VII van Toulouse sign peace

1545 – French king Francois I orders protestants of Vaudois to be killed

1557 – Cuenca is founded in Ecuador.

1606 – England adopts Union Jack as its flag

1654 – Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State

1770 – Townsend Acts repealed

1776 – Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina

1782 – Battle at Les Saintes West-Indies: British fleet beats French

1787 – Philadelphia’s Free African Society forms

1811 – 1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, WA

1820 – Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.

 

 

 

1844 – Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States

 

 

 

 

 

1858 – 1st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)

1861 – Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting Civil War

1862 – James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA

1862 – Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski Georgia

1863 – -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana

1864 – Battle of Blair’s Landing LA

1864 – Confederate Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tn

1869 – North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law

1872 – Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

1877 – British annex Transvaal, in South Africa

1877 – Catcher’s mask 1st used in a baseball game

1883 – French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal

1893 – Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi

1894 – British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa

1898 – Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in SF Bay to Navy

1905 – French Dufaux brothers test helicopter

1905 – Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)

1908 – Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea Massachusetts

1911 – 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)

1919 – British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages

1927 – Gen Chiang Kai-shek begins counter revolution in Shanghai

1928 – Assassination attempt on king Victor Emmanuel II of Italy

 

 

 

1934 – Highest velocity wind ever recorded on Mt WashingtonNH, 231 mph

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1934 – The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
1935 – First flight of the Bristol Blenheim.

1938 – US began requiring medical tests for marriage licenses

1940 – Italy annexes Albania

1941 – Vichy-France’s head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Hitler

1942 – Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan

1945 – Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Neth

1945 – Harry Truman sworn in as 33rd pres

1953 – Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston

1954 – Bill Haley & Comets records “Rock Around Clock”

1954 – Joe Turner releases “Shake, Rattle & Roll”

1955 – Salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched

1959 – France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria

1961 – Douglas MacArthur declines offer to become baseball commissioner

1963 – Birmingham police use dogs & cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators

1966 – 1st B-52 bombing on North Vietnam

1966 – Rocker Jan Berry crashes his corvette into a parked truck

 

 

 

 

1968 – Nerve gas accident at Skull ValleyUtah.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1969 – Simon & Garfunkel releases “Boxer”

1970 – Yankees dedicate plaques to Mickey Mantle & Joe DiMaggio

1980 – BCMA, Black Consciousness Movement of Azania, forms

1980 – Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d’etat, ending over 130 years of national democratic presidential succession.

1981 – Maiden voyage Space Transit System-space shuttle Columbia launched

1982 – 3 CBS employees shot to death in NYC parking lot

1983 – Harold Washington elected Chicago’s 1st black mayor

1985 – US Olympic Committee endorses a boycott of Moscow games

1987 – Texaco files for bankruptcy

1988 – Harvard U patents genetically engineered mouse (1st for animal life)
1988 – Sonny Bono elected mayor of Palm Springs Calif

1990 – Greyhound Bus hires new drivers to replace strikers

1990 – James Brown moves to a work-release center after serving 15 months

1990 – 1st meeting of East German democratically elected parliament, acknowledges responsibility for Nazi holocaust & asks for forgivenesss

1991 – 2,500th episode of Entertainment Tonight airs

1991 – US announces closing of 31 major US military bases

1992 – Euro Disney opens in Marne-la-Vallee France

1992 – Lynn Gunther of California threatens to blow herself up in front of UN

1992 – Trump Shuttle becomes US Air Shuttle

1994 – Canter & Siegel post the first commercial mass Usenet spam.

1999 – US President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving “intentionally false statements” in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.

2002 – Pedro Carmona becomes interim President of Venezuela during the military coup against Hugo Chávez.

2002 – Palestinian suicide bomber (female) kills 7 and injures 104 (among them 9 Arabs) at the Mahane Yehuda Market in Jerusalem.

2009 – U.S. Navy rescues captain Richard Phillips, killing three pirates and capturing a fourth.

2012 – A ceasefire in the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising comes into effect

2012 – Bodleian, Oxford University and Vatican libraries announce over 1.5 million pages of ancient texts will be made available across the internet

 

 

 

Births

599 BC – Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism (d. 527 BC)

812 – Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)

1484 – Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (d. 1546)

1500 – Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German humanist

1526 – Muretus, French humanist (d. 1585)

1550 – Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English politician (d. 1604)

1579 – Francois de Bassompierre, marshal of France

1695 – Caspar Burman, historian/mayor (Utrecht Neth)

1705 – William Cookworthy, English chemist (d. 1780)

 

 

 

1724 – Lyman HallUS physician (signed Declaration of Independence)

Lyman_Hall

 

 

 

 

 

1748 – Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)

1777 – Henry Clay, [the Great Compromiser], US politician

1794 – Germinal P Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry)

1801 – Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar/secession leader

1831 – George Burgwyn Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1831 – Grenville Mellen Dodge, Major General (Union volunteers)

1838 – John Shaw Billings, US, librarian/army physician

1852 – [Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician

1856 – William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen)

1868 – Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese naval commander (d. 1918)

1878 – Richard B Goldschmidt, German/US zoologist

1883 – Imogen Cunningham, photographer (1965 ASMP award)

1884 – Otto Meyerhof, Germany, psychologist/biochemist (Nobel-1922)

1898 – Lily Pons, American soprano (d. 1976)

1904 – Harald James Penrose, pilot

1908 – Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American Air Force pilot (d. 2006)

1911 – Darrell A Amyx, US archaeologist (Greek Ceramics)

1912 – Harold Maguire, British air marshal

1912 – Herbert Mills, singer, (Mills Brothers)

1913 – Keiko Fukuda, Tokyo, Japan, martial artist, (d. 2013)

1914 – Armen Alchian, American economist

1915 – Emil [Theodore] Petaja, US, sci-fi author (Star Mill, Tramontane)

1916 – Benjamin Libet, American scientist (d. 2007)

1917 – Helen Forrest, American singer (d. 1999)

1919 – Wilson Charles Geoffery Baldwin, hero

1923 – Ann Miller, [Lucille Ann Collier], Cherino, Tex, dancer (On the Town)

1924 – Julius Moormann, student/resistance fighter (WW II)

1928 – Brooklyn Supreme, Belgium, stallion, heaviest known horse (1450 kg)

 

 

 

1928 – Hardy KrügerGerman actor

 

 

 

 

 

 

1932 – Tiny Tim [ Herbert Khaury], New York, musician, (d. 1996)

1936 – Charles Napier, actor (Night Stalker, Rambo)

1937 – Raymond Ceulemans, Belgian world champ billiards player

1939 – Alan Ayckbourn, London, playwright

 

 

 

1940 – Herbie HancockChicagopianist (I Thought it Was You)

herbie-hancock-by-peter-wochniak-1636

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1942 – Frank Bank, Hollywood California, actor (Lumpy-Leave it to Beaver)

1942 – Carlos Reutemann, Argentine racing driver and politician

 

 

 

1944 – John Kay, [Joachim F Krauledat], Germanyrock vocalist (Steppenwolf)

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1946 – Ed O’Neill, actor (Al Bundy-Married with Children)

1947 – Dan Lauria, actor (Jack Arnold-Wonder Years) (1947 approx)

1947 – David Letterman, Indianapolis Ind, comedian (Late Night)

1947 – Tom Clancy, American author

1947 – Antonin Kratochvil photographer

1949 – Scott Turow, American writer

1950 – David Cassidy, NYC, singer/actor (Keith-Partridge Family)

1950 – Kari Palaste, Finnish architect

1950 – Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman and F1 team principal (Renault F1)

1951 – Jackson Spires, rock drummer (Blackfoot)

1954 – Marvin Johnson, US, middleweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1972)

 

 

 

1954 – Pat Traversrock guitarist (Puttin’ it Straight)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1956 – Alexander Briley, vocalist (YMCA-Village People)

1956 – Andy Garcia, Cuba, actor (Stand & Deliver, 8 Million Ways to Die)

1958 – Tony James, rock bassist (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)

1958 – Will Sergeant, rock guitarist (Echo & Bunnymen-Killing Moon)

1961 – D D Verni, heavy metal rocker (Overkill-Hello From the Gutter)

1961 – Julius Kariuki, Kenya, 3K steeplechaser (Olympic-gold-1988)

1962 – Takada Nobuhiko, Japanese wrestler

1965 – Elaine Zayak, NJ, figure skater (Olympics-6th-1984)

1971 – Shannen Doherty, Memphis Tn, actress (Little House, Bev Hills 90210)

1979 – Claire Danes, NYC, actress (Angela-My So Called Life, Romeo & Juliet)

1985 – Hitomi Yoshizawa, Japanese singer

1985 – Jeisa Chiminazzo, Brazilian supermodel

 

 

 

Deaths 

45 BC – Gnaeus Pompeius, the Younger, Roman general

 

 

 

65 – Seneca the YoungerRoman philosopherstatesman and dramatist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

238 – Gordian II, Roman co-Emperor with his father Gordian I, killed in battle at Carthage

238 – Gordian I, Roman Emperor, suicide, after losing battle at Carthage and death of son Gordian I

352 – Julius I, pope (337-52), dies

434 – Archbishop Maximianus of Constantinople

1125 – Vladislaus I of Bohemia

1443 – Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury

1550 – Claude of Lorraine, duke of Guise, dies at 53

1555 – Joanna of Castile (Joanna the mad), wife of Philip I of Castile dies at 75

1605 – Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies

1687 – Ambrose Dixon, Virginia Colony pioneer

1817 – Charles Messier, “comet ferret” & catalogs famous “M objects,”, dies

1864 – Thomas Green, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 50

1878 – William M “Boss” Tweed, NY politician, dies

1902 – Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist (b. 1842)

1912 – Clara Barton, organizer (American Red Cross), dies at 90

1945 – Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies at 63

1946 – August Borms, Flemish nazi collaborator, executed at 67

1962 – Ron Flockhart, Scottish racing driver (b. 1923)

1965 – Linda Darnell, US actress (Dakota Incident), dies at 43

1968 – Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer and Volkswagen director (b. 1899)

1975 – Josephine Baker, US/French revue artist (Folies-Bergere), dies at 68

 

 

 

 

1976 – Paul Fordactor (Phil Silvers Show), dies at 74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Philip K Wrigley, baseball owner (Chicago Cubs), dies at 82

1980 – Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards and snooker player (b. 1895)

1981 – Joe Louis, [Brown bomber], US heavyweight boxing champion (1937-49), dies at 66

1988 – Alan Stewart Paton, writer, dies

1989 – Abbie Hoffman, yippie peace activist of the 60’s, dies at 52

1989 – Sugar Ray Robinson, heavyweight boxing champ, dies at 67 of Alzheimer

1994 – Harry la Fontaine, Danish/US resistance fighter/producer, dies at 81

1995 – Chris Pyne, trombonist, dies at 56

1996 – William Wilkinson, businessman/conservationist, dies at 63

1997 – George Wald, scientist, dies at 90

1999 – Boxcar Willie, American singer (b. 1931)

2001 – Harvey Ball, American inventor (b. 1921)

2003 – Cecil H. Green, American manufacturer (b. 1900)

2008 – Jerry Zucker, Israeli-born American businessman (b. 1949)

2009 – Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress (b. 1952)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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